Portable electronic device with local search capabilities

Portable electronic device with local search capabilities
US008341524B2
(12) United States Patent
(10) Patent No.:
Gupta et al.
(54)
(45) Date of Patent:
PORTABLE ELECTRONIC DEVICE WITH
LOCAL SEARCH CAPABILITIES
(75) Inventors: Sandeep Gupta, Fremont, CA (US);
Szu-Wen Huang, Fremont, CA (US);
Greg Marriott, Honolulu, HI (US); Jeff
Lee, Sunnyvale, CA (U S)
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DE
Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this
patent is extended or adjusted under 35
(Continued)
“Creative Zen Vision: M 30GB’i’, Dec. 21, 2005; downloaded on Jan.
11, 2008 from http://Web.arch1ve.org/Web/20051221050140/http://
sep_ 11, 2006
(65)
wwweverthingusb.com/creativeizenivision:mi30gb.html>.
Prior Publication Data
US 2008/0065988 A1
4/1994
OTHER PUBLICATIONS
APPI' NO‘: 11/519,352
(22) Filed;
4/l997 Cluts
4/1997 (3110i
C t- d
( on mue )
43 34 773 Al
U.S.C. 154(b) by 1388 days.
(21)
Dec. 25, 2012
FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS
(73) Assignee: Apple Inc., Cupertino, CA (US)
( * ) Notice:
US 8,341,524 B2
(Commued)
Mar. 13, 2008
Primary Examiner * Quan-Zhen Wang
Assistant Examiner * Tony Davis
(51)
Int‘ Cl‘
(74) Attorney, Agent, or Firm * SchWegman Lundberg &
G06F 7/00
(2006.01)
Woessner’ PA
(52)
US. Cl. ..................................................... .. 715/716
(58)
Field of Classi?cation Search ................ .. 345/156,
345/169’ 172’ 173’ 184; 707/3; 725/62;
S
(56)
1,
_
?l f
1
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ABSTRACT
media items on a portable electronic device are disclosed.
According to one aspect of the invention, aportable electronic
dev1ce is provided W1th a search function that enables a user
to search for media items resident on the portable electronic
device. The search function can search through different
types of media items. Those of the media items that are
deemed matching can be ranked in order of relevance and
displayed in a list for the user. Thereafter, the user can navi
gate the list to select one of the listed media items for play
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
4,090,216
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Improved methods and systems that assist a user in searching
back. According to another aspect of the invention, various
graphical user interfaces can be presented on a portable elec
tronic device to assist a user in interacting With the portable
electronic device to utiliZe a search function.
31 Claims, 12 Drawing Sheets
650
I
652 \JSEARCH TERM(S)
BITMAP
654 NJ
SCORES
US 8,341,524 B2
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2006101309041.
US. Patent
Dec. 25, 2012
Sheet 1 or 12
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Dec. 25, 2012
Sheet 4 0f 12
US 8,341,524 B2
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Dec. 25, 2012
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Dec. 25, 2012
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US. Patent
Dec. 25, 2012
Sheet 7 or 12
US 8,341,524 B2
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Dec. 25, 2012
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Dec. 25, 2012
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Dec. 25, 2012
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Sheet 12 0f 12
US 8,341,524 B2
US 8,341,524 B2
1
2
PORTABLE ELECTRONIC DEVICE WITH
LOCAL SEARCH CAPABILITIES
various graphical user interfaces can be presented on a por
table electronic device to assist a user in interacting With the
COPYRIGHT NOTICE
portable electronic device to utiliZe a search function.
The invention can be implemented in numerous Ways,
including as a method, system, device, apparatus (including
graphical user interface), or computer readable medium. Sev
eral embodiments of the invention are discussed beloW.
As a method for searching media items stored on a portable
electronic device having a display, a media storage device and
A portion of the disclosure of this patent document con
tains material that is subject to copyright protection. The
copyright oWner has no objection to the facsimile reproduc
tion by anyone of the patent document or the patent disclosure
as it appears in the US. Patent and Trademark O?ice patent
?le or records, but otherWise reserves all copyright rights
Whatsoever.
a user input device, one embodiment of the invention includes
at least the acts of: receiving search criteria from the user
input device; searching media items stored in the media stor
age device to identify those of the media items that match the
search criteria; and displaying at least a subset of those of the
identi?ed media items that match the search criteria.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
As a method for searching media items stored on a portable
electronic device having a display, a media storage and a user
Today, media playback devices, such as media players or
music players, have storage capacity to store large collections
of media, such as music. With such large media collections, in
input device, another embodiment of the invention includes at
least the acts of: displaying a search screen on the display;
receiving at least one search character input for at least a
order for a user to select a particular song to be played by the
media player, the user typically navigates through a long list
20
of songs. As an example, the user could interact With the
media player to display a list of artists that have songs that are
stored Within the media collection on the media player. The
user then scrolls through the list and selects an appropriate
song to be played. Unfortunately, hoWever, as the storage
capacity of media players increases, the number of songs
portion of a search term from the user input device; searching
for one or more media items stored in the media storage that
match the one or more search characters; ranking the one or
more matching media items; and displaying, in accordance
25
With the ranking, at least a subset of those of the matching
media items
As a computer readable medium including at least com
stored in a media collection on a media player increases.
puter program code for searching digital data stored on a
Consequently, the list through Which users must navigate in
portable electronic device, Where the portable electronic
order to select a song can be extensive. One conventional
approach to assisting users in traversing large collections of
30
device has a display, a data storage device and a user input
device, one embodiment of the invention includes at least:
computer program code for receiving search criteria from the
music is to provide acceleration With respect to the user input.
For example, US. Patent Publication No. 2003/0076301 A1
user input device; computer program code for searching digi
tal data items stored in the data storage device to identify
those of the digital data items that match the search criteria;
describes one approach in Which a user is able to scroll
through lists of songs in an accelerated manner. The degree of
acceleration can be based on the speed of a rotational user 35 and computer program code for displaying at least a subset of
input. While acceleration is very helpful, in some cases, users
can have dif?culty or frustration locating the speci?c song of
interest even When acceleration has been applied. Recently,
media players have become capable of storing and playing
back various different types of media items. The storage of
various different types of media items makes locating of a
speci?c media item even more complicated.
Besides navigating and traversing lists to locate media
items of interest, another Way to locate media items of interest
is to search for media items that have a particular character
string (e.g., Word). For example, an online media store or a
40
45
desktop media management application can enable a user to
search available media content. Unfortunately, hoWever, por
table media playback devices have conventionally relied on
navigation and traversal of lists and thus have not provided
50
search capabilities.
Thus, there remains a need for further approaches to assist
a user in locating media items of interest.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
55
gating, playing or searching the plurality of media items; and
a processing device. The processing device is capable of
executing the computer program code for displaying, navi
gating, playing or searching the plurality of media items. The
computer program code for displaying, navigating, playing or
searching the plurality of media items includes at least: com
puter program code for receiving at least one search character
input for at least a portion of a search term from the user input
device; computer program code for searching for one or more
media items stored in the media storage that match the one or
more search characters; computer program code for ranking
the one or more matching media items; and computer pro
gram code for displaying at least a subset of those of the
matching media items on the display device in accordance
With the ranking.
Other aspects and advantages of the invention Will become
apparent from the folloWing detailed description, taken in
The invention pertains to improved methods and systems
that assist a user in searching media items on a portable
electronic device. According to one aspect of the invention, a
portable electronic device is provided With a search function
those of the identi?ed digital data items that match the search
criteria.
As a media playback device, one embodiment of the inven
tion includes at least: a display device; a user input device; at
least one memory device capable of storing a plurality of
media items and computer program code for displaying, navi
conjunction With the accompanying draWings, illustrating by
60
Way of example the principles of the invention.
that enables a user to search for media items resident on a
portable electronic device. The search function can search
through different types of media items. Those of the media
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
user can navigate the list to select one of the listed media items
The invention Will be readily understood by the folloWing
detailed description in conjunction With the accompanying
draWings, Wherein like reference numerals designate like ele
for playback. According to another aspect of the invention,
ments, and in Which:
items that are deemed matching can be ranked in order of
relevance and displayed in a list for the user. Thereafter, the
65
US 8,341,524 B2
3
4
FIG. 1A is a diagram of a portable electronic device
according to one embodiment of the invention.
locate media items resident on the portable media device. A
portable media device is battery-poWered, lightWeight and
easily transported.
FIG. 1B is a diagram of a portable media player according
FIG. 1A is a diagram of a portable electronic device 100
according to one embodiment of the invention. The portable
electronic device 100 is capable of performing a search func
tion. The portable electronic device 100 includes a housing
to another embodiment of the invention.
FIG. 2 is a block diagram of a portable search system
according to one embodiment of the invention.
FIG. 3 is a block diagram of a media player suitable for use
With the invention.
FIG. 4 is a How diagram of a local search process according
having a display device 102 and one or more user input
devices (not shoWn) on a front, side, and/or back surface of
the housing. The user input devices can, for example, include
one or more buttons, dials, touch-sensitive surfaces, keypads,
sWitches, etc. A voice recognition system is another type of
to one embodiment of the invention.
FIGS. 5A-5B are How diagrams of a local search process
according to another embodiment of the invention.
user input device that can be used to provide user input. The
FIG. 5C is a How diagram of a search enhancement process
according to one embodiment of the invention.
FIG. 6A illustrates a plurality of prior search data struc
tures according to one embodiment of the invention.
FIG. 6B illustrates a plurality of prior search data structures
one or more user input devices enable a user of the portable
electronic device 100 to provide user inputs to the portable
electronic device 100. For example, the user input devices can
enable the user to input search terms for use With the search
function. The display device 102 provides an output device on
Which search results can be displayed for the user. Addition
according to another embodiment of the invention.
FIG. 7 is a diagram of a menu navigation arrangement
according to one embodiment of the invention.
20
FIGS. 8A-8G are representative screens that can be dis
played on a portable electronic device according to embodi
ments of the invention.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
25
30
that enables a user to search for media items resident on a
portable electronic device. The search function can search
through different types of media items. Those of the media
items that are deemed matching can be ranked in order of
relevance and displayed in a list for the user. Thereafter, the
35
user can navigate the list to select one of the listed media items
for playback. According to another aspect of the invention,
40
of the portable media player 150 can press proximate to the
player 150 as to a particular user input. The button-action
regions 156-162 can provide button-like functions. As an
45
“Media item,” as used herein, is digital data that pertains to
at least one of audio, video, and images. Some examples of
speci?c forms of media items include, but are not limited to,
example, the button-action regions 156-162 can respectively
correspond to common media player functions of Menu,
Next, Back, and End. The housing of the portable media
player 150 can also include a select button region 164. In the
embodiment illustrated in FIG. 1B, the select button region
songs, albums, audiobooks, playlists, movies, music videos,
photos, computer games, podcasts, audio and/or video pre
The button-action regions 156-162 can be separate from or
integrated With the rotational user input device 154. The user
button-action regions 156-162 to signal the portable media
apparent beloW. The improved methods and systems are par
ticularly Well-suited for use With a portable electronic device,
such as a portable media playback device (e.g., portable
media player).
table electronic device 150 is capable of performing a search
function. The portable media player 150 includes a housing
having a display device 152 and a rotational user input device
154. In this embodiment, the rotational user input device 154
is provided on a front surface of the housing. The rotational
user input device 154 receives at least rotational user inputs
from a user of the portable media player 150 to interact With
menus, lists, etc. being displayed on the display device 152.
The portable media player 150 can also support button-ac
tions. As illustrated in FIG. 1B, the housing of the portable
media player 150 includes button-action regions 156-162.
various graphical user interfaces can be presented on a por
table electronic device to assist a user in interacting With the
portable electronic device to utiliZe a search function.
Other aspects and features of the invention Will become
are various softWare or electrical components in support of
the search function and other functions as further discussed in
FIGS. 2 and 3 beloW.
FIG. 1B is a diagram of a portable media player 150
according to another embodiment of the invention. The por
table electronic device 150 can, for example, represent one
implementation of the portable media player 100. The por
The invention pertains to improved methods and systems
that assist a user in searching media items on a portable
electronic device. According to one aspect of the invention, a
portable electronic device is provided With a search function
ally, internal to the housing of the portable electronic device
50
1 64 is provided at the center of the rotational user input device
sentations, neWs reports, and sports updates. Media items can
154. HoWever, in other embodiments, the select button region
also be described or characterized. For example, metadata can
be provided for some or all of the media items to describe or
portable media player 150. These button regions 156-164 can
characterize the corresponding media items. The metadata
can, for example, provide information pertaining to one or
more of: title, name, artist, album, genre, duration, lyrics,
164 can be provided at other locations on the housing of the
be associated With a touch sensitive surface on the housing of
55
format, bit rate, sample rate, encoding, release data, com
poser, year, season, episode, etc.
Embodiments of the invention are discussed beloW With
reference to FIGS. 1A-8G. HoWever, those skilled in the art
the portable media player 150 or With separate sWitching
mechanisms provided proximate to the button regions 156
164. With respect to performing the search function, the rota
tional user input device 154, together With the button regions
156-164, can enable the user to input search terms for use With
60
the search function as Well as to navigate through results lists
Will readily appreciate that the detailed description given
provided by the search function. Additionally, internal to the
herein With respect to these ?gures is for explanatory pur
housing of the portable electronic device are various softWare
or electrical components in support of the search function and
poses as the invention extends beyond these limited embodi
ments.
According to one aspect of the invention, a search function
can be performed on a portable electronic device. The search
function can enable a user of the portable media device to
65
other functions as further discussed in FIGS. 2 and 3 beloW.
Additional details on touch sensitive surfaces for portable
media players are provided in: (1) Us. Pat. No. 7,046,230 B2
and is hereby incorporated by reference herein, (2), Us.
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