User Manual - Infinigen Biotech Inc.

User Manual - Infinigen Biotech Inc.
Thermal Cycler
User’s Manual
Note:
Infinigen Biotech Inc. reserves the right to modify this manual at any
time without notice.
Patent materials are included in this manual. All rights reserved. No part of this manual shall
be photocopied, reproduced, or translated into other languages, without written permission
from Infinigen Biotech Inc.
Please read this manual carefully before the Thermal Cycler is first operated !
Document Version: July, 2004, Version 1.0
IMPORTANT NOTE
Important Note
1
CONVENTIONS
Note:
Because of the important information in this column, please read it carefully.
Failure to follow the advice in this column will possibly result in damage or
malfunctioning of the Thermal Cycler.
Warning!
This symbol means that you should be cautious to take an operation /
procedure. Failure to follow the requirements in this column will possibly
result in personal injury.
2
SAFETY
During the operation, maintenance, or repair of the Thermal Cycler, the following safety
measures should be taken. Otherwise, the guard provided by the Thermal Cycler is likely to
be damaged, the rated safety level to be reduced, and the rated operation conditions to be
affected.
Infinigen Biotech Inc. shall not be in any way responsible for the consequences resulted from
buyer’s not observing the following requirements.
Note:
The Thermal Cycler, complying with the National Standard GB9706.1, is
a general instrument of Type B, Class I. It is intended for indoor use.
a) Grounding Considerations
A.C. power’s grounding should be reliable for fear of an electric shock. The 3-pin plug with
the Thermal Cycler’s power line is a safety device that should be matched with a grounded
socket. Never let the third ground pin floating. If the 3-pin plug cannot be inserted, it is
recommended to ask an electrician to install an appropriate power socket.
b) Keep Away from Electric Circuits
The operator is not allowed to open the Thermal Cycler. Changing components or adjusting
certain parameters inside the device must only be accomplished by the certificated
professional maintenance personnel. Do not change elements while the power is still on.
―I―
IMPORTANT NOTE
c) A.C. Power Considerations
Before turn on the power, always check if the mains voltage is within the required A.C.
100-120V and if the current rating of the power socket meet the required specification, i.e.
200W.
d) A.C. Power Line Considerations
As an accessory of the Thermal Cycler, the A.C. power line should be a default one. If it is
damaged, the A.C. power line may not be repaired, but it must be replaced with a new one.
The power line should be free of heavy objects during the Thermal Cycler’s operation. Keep
the power line away from the place where people gather regularly.
e) Connect the A.C. Power Line
While connect or disconnect the power line, you should hold the 3-pin plug with your hand.
Insert the plug thoroughly to ensure good contact between the plug and socket. Pull the plug,
not the line, when you need to disconnect to the mains.
f) Design Environments
The Thermal Cycler should be placed in a low-humidity, dust-free, and good-ventilation room
without caustic gas or powerful magnetic interference. In addition, water sources, such as
pools and water pipes, should be separated a distance from the Thermal Cycler.
Never cover or obstruct the openings of the Thermal Cycler, which are designed for
ventilation and to prevent the device’s interior from being too hot. When a single device is
running, the shortest distance between its openings and the nearest object is 50cm;
otherwise, when two devices or above are running at the same time, the shortest distance is
100 cm. Do not place the device on a soft surface, because that will result in adverse
ventilation near the device’s bottom openings.
Too high temperature will lead to degraded performance or failure of the Thermal Cycler.
Therefore, the device should be protected against any kind of heat sources like sunlight,
ovens, or central heating equipment.
If the Thermal Cycler is set aside for a long time, it is recommended to disconnect the power
line to mains and cover the device with a piece of soft cloth or plastic to prevent dust from
entering.
Note:
Once one of the following events occurs, you are suggested to disconnect
the power line with mains, and contact the distributor or ask a certificated
maintenance worker for help.
Liquid into the device;
The device sprinkled or drenched;
The device malfunctioning, giving off abnormal sound or odor;
The device falling onto the floor or its shell damaged;
Significant changes in the device’s performance.
―II―
IMPORTANT NOTE
3
LABELS
a) Tablet
Name:Thermal Cycler
Model:TC-XX/H
Power:AC100-120V,50-60Hz
Fuse: 125V 5A (Φ5×20)
Sort: Ι-B-N
S N: *******-***
Date: ****-**
b) Warning Sign
Warning!
4
HOT SURFACE!
There are two warning signs read ‘HOT SURFACE !’. The metal part near
those signs (on the block and hotlid) is not allowed to be touched by any
part of the body for fear of the body burn, during the program execution
and in the short period after the program execution!
MAINTENANCE
The conical holes over the block should be cleaned regularly with soaked cotton swab. That
ensures sufficient contact and thus good heat conduction between each conical hole and the
tube inside it.
In case it is smeared, the surface of the Thermal Cycler may be scrubbed with a piece of
dehydrated soft wet cloth.
Warning!
During surface cleaning, the power must be off.
Corrosive scour is not allowed to clean the surface.
―III―
IMPORTANT NOTE
5 WARRANTY AND SERVICE INFORMATION
a) Warranty
The Thermal Cycler is warranted for a period of one month, from date of shipment from the
company, to be free from defects in material and workmanship. Infinigen Biotech Inc. shall be
obligated, under this warranty, to exchange the Thermal Cycler which proves to be defective
as described herein.
The Thermal Cycler is also warranted for a period of twelve months, from date of shipment
from the company, to be free from defects in material and workmanship. Infinigen Biotech
Inc.’s obligation under this warranty shall be limited to repair or exchange of the Thermal
Cycler which proves to be defective as described herein.
The buyer is responsible for freight to the maintenance shop designated by the Infinigen
Biotech Inc. on all warranty claims. The buyer is also responsible for the transportation
expenses of the freight to the maintenance shop. Infinigen Biotech Inc. shall be responsible
for the transportation expenses of the freight to the buyer (which is only applicable to
domestic buyers).
After the warranty comes due, Infinigen Biotech Inc. reserves the right to charge cost price for
maintenance of a defective device.
b) Warranty Terms
The above warranty is not applicable to defective devices with incorrect use, abnormal
operating conditions, improper application, and unauthorized maintenance or alteration.
Infinigen Biotech Inc. makes no express warranties other than those which are described
herein. Any descriptions in sales promotion under specific conditions shall not create an
express warranty that the goods shall conform to such description.
Note:
Once it is opened, the package should check according to the checklist. If
the buyer finds any items to be missing or damaged, do not hesitate to
contact the distributor.
After the acceptance check is passed, the buyer should fill out the check
form and send its photocopy (or fax it) to the distributor. Infinigen Biotech
Inc. establishes the archives and maintenance record with the returned
form.
Please store the package and packing materials in a safe place in case of
future device maintenance. The above warranty does not extend to goods
damaged as result of cheesy package.
―IV―
CONTENTS
CONTENTS
IMPORTANT NOTE ..................................................................................................................I
1
2
3
4
5
CONVENTIONS .............................................................................................................I
SAFETY .........................................................................................................................I
LABELS........................................................................................................................III
MAINTENANCE ...........................................................................................................III
WARRANTY AND SERVICE INFORMATION ............................................................. IV
CHAPTER 1
1
2
3
4
PCR TECHNIQUE ............................................................................................................1
PCR APPLICATIONS.........................................................................................................1
PCR THERMAL CYCLERS .................................................................................................2
FEATURES OF THE THERMAL CYCLER ...............................................................................4
CHAPTER 2
1
2
3
4
5
SPECIFICATIONS..........................................................................................5
NORMAL OPERATING CONDITIONS ....................................................................................5
TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE CONDITIONS ..................................................................5
BASIC PARAMETERS ........................................................................................................5
PERFORMANCE ...............................................................................................................6
SOFTWARE FUNCTIONS ...................................................................................................6
CHAPTER 3
1
2
3
4
5
INTRODUCTION..............................................................................................1
PREPARATIONS .............................................................................................7
STRUCTURE DESCRIPTION .............................................................................................7
KEYBOARD DIAGRAM .......................................................................................................8
KEY FUNCTIONS ..............................................................................................................8
INSPECTION BEFORE POWER-ON ......................................................................................9
POWER-ON PROCEDURES ................................................................................................9
CHAPTER 4
OPERATION GUIDE......................................................................................10
1
2
3
4
HOW TO EDIT A NEW PCR AMPLIFICATION FILE ...............................................................10
HOW TO ACCESS AND MODIFY AN OLD PCR FILE ............................................................15
HOW TO DELETE A FILE...................................................................................................16
HOW TO RUN A PCR PROGRAM .....................................................................................17
5
6
HOW TO TRANSLATE THE DISPLAY DURING PROGRAM EXECUTION ....................................19
HOW TO ACCESS AND CALIBRATE THE INTERNAL CLOCK ..................................................21
CHAPTER 5
FAILURE ANALYSIS AND PROCESSING....................................................23
FAILURE ANALYSIS AND PROCESSING PROCEDURES ...............................................................23
APPENDIX A CONNECTION DIAGRAM............................................................................24
CHAPTER 1
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
This chapter briefly introduces PCR technique and its applications, PCR thermal cyclers, and
the characteristics of our Thermal Cycler.
1
PCR Technique
PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction), or cell-free molecule cloning, is a technique for
amplifying nucleic acids in vitro, emulating natural DNA replication process. The PCR
technique, using two DNA strands to be amplified as template, and a pair of synthetic
oligonucleotides as primers, rapidly reproduces the specific DNA pieces under the catalysis
of a thermostable DNA polymerase. Because of its simplicity, rapidity, specificity, and
sensitivity, PCR has been widely applied to all fields of life sciences since its invention by
Mullis in 1983 and the discovery of the thermostable DNA polymerase by Erlich in 1989.
Great achievements have been obtained in PCR’s applications in such areas as cytology,
virology, oncology, genetics, forensics, and immunology. PCR technology is a milestone in
the history of modern molecular biology.
2
PCR Applications
Research Areas
Gene cloning, DNA sequencing, mutation analysis, gene
recombination and mutagenesis, identification and adjustment of
DNA sequence of protein structure, detection of gene extension,
construction of synthetic genes, construction of cloning and
expression carrier, detection of polymorphism of a gene’s inscribed
enzyme;
Clinical Diagnoses
Bacteria(spirochaeta, rickettsia, diphtheria bacillus, colon bacillus,
dysentery bacillus, and clostridium); Virus(HTLV, HIV, HBV, HCV,
HPVS, EV, CMV, EBV, HSV, measles virus, rotiform virus, B19
virus, and Lhasa virus); Parasite(malaria); Human hereditary
diseases(Lesh-Nyhan syndrome, hemophilia,BMD, and DMD);
Immunology
HLA locus typing, qualitative analysis of T-cell receptor or antibody
diversification, immune body gene mapping, quantitative analysis of
lymph genes;
Human Genome
Project
Identification of DNA markers using discrete repetitive ;
Sequence, construction of a genetic linkage map(detection of DNA,
polymorphism, or semen mapping ); Construction of a physical
map, sequencing, and map expression;
— 1 —
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
Forensics
Specimen analysis in the venue, and HLA-Dqαlocus typing;
Oncology
Pancreas cancer, rectum cancer, lung cancer, thyroid gland cancer,
melanin cancer, and leukemia;
Social and Colony
Biology
Genetic species research, evolution research, animal protection
research, ecology, environmental sciences, and experimental
genetics;
Paleontology
Specimen analysis in archeology and museum;
Biology
Diagnosis of animal hereditary diseases and detection of plant
pathogeny.
3
PCR Thermal Cyclers
A PCR thermal cycler is a key device throughout the PCR experiment. Its performance
determines the accuracy of the experimental results. Its parameters, such as temperature
keeping and temperature ramp rate, play an extremely important role in DNA denaturation,
annealing and extension.
Chief Specifications of a PCR Thermal Cycler:
Temperature display
accuracy
The bias between display temperature and practical temperature,
directly affects the quality of DNA annealing, elongation, and
denaturation, and should be reduced to an accepted level;
Heating/Cooling Rate
Higher cooling/heating rate can greatly decrease
experimental time and maintain the enzyme’s activity;
Temperature
Uniformity
Excellent temperature uniformity guarantees consistent
amplification conditions for the same batch of reaction samples
and then avoids false positive or negative of the results caused
by mismatched operating conditions;
Temperature Control
Accuracy
Higher temperature control accuracy ensures temperature
stability during the PCR amplification reaction, and therefore
increase the reliability of the experimental results;
Intelligent Degree
More intelligent thermal cycler means less labor intensity for test
personnel and ensures the whole PCR reaction to be
accomplished successfully.
— 2 —
the
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
Common PCR Thermal Cyclers:
a) Gradient Water Bath Thermal Cyclers
A gradient water bath thermal cycler consists of three water baths operating at different
temperatures. An automatic mechanical manipulator soaks the sample tube containing
reactants in the three water baths cyclically, and thus finishes the three processes of
denaturation, annealing and extension.
This device has high temperature control accuracy, high heating/cooling rate, and excellent
temperature uniformity. However, its intelligent level is very low, and it cannot accomplish
some relatively complex PCR processes. There are other disadvantages associated with this
type of thermal cycler, such as liquid evaporation in the bath, lack of the soak mode, inability
of long-term operation without human interference, temperature fluctuation caused when the
sample tube is put into the bath during heating/cooling process, and last but not least, the
pollution issue. As a result, this kind of thermal cycler has gradually been abandoned in the
market.
b) Compressor Cooling Thermal Cyclers
At the center of a compressor cooling thermal cycler is located a block made of good
conduction material (aluminum or silver), over which several conical holes are distributed.
Each of the conical holes has the same shape as a standard microcentrifugal tube to ensure
good contact between the two. The resistance heater on the block’s outside bottom is
responsible for block heating, whereas the compressor takes charge of block cooling.
Controlling the heater and compressor with a microcomputer completes the required heating,
cooling, and temperature keeping processes.
This device has much higher intelligent level and smaller size compared to a gradient water
bath thermal cycler. Nevertheless, the compressor’s inertia not only limits the cooling rate (to
about 1℃/sec), but also increases the temperature undershoot. Moreover, there exists
temperature gradient over the block near the inlet and outlet of the compressor’s evaporation
pipe (lower temperature near the inlet area and higher temperature near the outlet area).
c) Thermoelectric Cooling Thermal Cyclers
These are the most advanced thermal cyclers by far. A thermoelectric cooling thermal cycler
also has a metal block at its center (like a compressor cooling thermal cycler). A
thermoelectric module closely attached to the block’s outside bottom accomplishes Block
heating and cooling. Not only does this device inherit such features as high intelligent level
and small size from a compressor cooling thermal cycler, but it also has higher temperature
control accuracy and heating/cooling rate, thanks to the module’s excellent temperature
response characteristics. And the temperature uniformity across the block is much better
compared to a compressor cooling thermal cycler because the modules are distributed over
the block’s outside bottom.
During its early development, a thermoelectric module was not able to withstand rapid and
frequent heating or cooling for long. With improved workmanship, this difficulty has been
— 3 —
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
overcome. Current long service-life thermoelectric modules have the capability of enduring
such harsh conditions in a thermal cycler. As result, thermoelectric cooling thermal cyclers
have gradually dominated the market.
4
Features of the Thermal Cycler
The Thermal Cycler is a thermoelectric cooling thermal cycler. It features:
Reliable and stable operation, because the thermoelectric module is manufactured
via the U.S. ITI’s thermoelectric cooling technique and the Japanese quality
management model;
High heating/cooling ( heating rate ≥2.0℃/sec., and cooling rate ≥ 1.5℃/sec.), which
greatly reduces experimental time;
Automatic temperature ramp control, which allows different heating/cooling ramp
settings so that the device can emulate other thermal cycler’s temperature control
process;
Automatic temperature and time increments/decrements during cycling program
execution,
optimizing the PCR amplification conditions;
Automatic link among files, allowing a complex PCR amplification program to be
executed;
The soak mode at a temperature up to 4℃ without human interference, after normal
cycling program execution;
Instant inspection of total execution time and remaining execution time;
Optional heated lid, preventing the sample in a centrifugal tube from evaporation,
which makes paraffin oil unnecessary and operation more convenient, and reduces
the sample processing time;
Auto-restart in case of power failure, restoring the data before interrupting and
continuing to perform the previously interrupted program.
— 4 —
CHAPTER 2
CHAPTER 2
SPECIFICATIONS
SPECIFICATIONS
This chapter describes the Thermal Cycler’s operation, transportation and storage conditions,
basic parameters, performance and functions.
1
Normal Operating Conditions
Ambient temperature: 10℃∼30℃
Relative humidity:
≤70%
Power supply:
AC100-120V, 50-60Hz
Before power-on, please check if the above operating conditions are
satisfied. Pay special attention to the power line’s reliable grounding.
Note:
2
Transportation and Storage Conditions
Ambient temperature: -20℃-+55℃
Relative humidity:
≤80%
3
Basic Parameters
Model
TC-16/H
TC-25/H
Sample Number
16
25
Tube Volume (ml)
0.5
0.2
Parameters
Size (mm)
L×W×H
285×218×178
Weight (kg)
3.2
Fuse
125V
— 5 —
5A Ф5×20mm
CHAPTER 2
4
SPECIFICATIONS
Performance
Temperature control range:
Heating rate:
Cooling rate:
Temperature display accuracy:
4℃-99℃
≥2.2℃/sec.
≥1.9℃/sec.
≤0.5℃(TC-16/H)
≤0.4℃(TC-25/H)
Temperature control accuracy:
≤±0.5℃(TC-16/H)
≤±0.3℃(TC-25/H)
Temperature uniformity across the block (after 20 sec):
≤±0.8℃ (95℃)
≤±0.5℃ (72℃)
≤±0.4℃ (55℃)
Maximum number of cycles:
99
Maximum procedures within a cycle:
9
Maximum temperature keeping time:
99 min. 99 sec.
Maximum incubation and in situ time:
99 hour 99 min.
Number of programs:
99
5
Software Functions
File editing and saving
File accessing, modifying and deleting
Automatic file link
Heating/cooling ramp setting
Automatic temperature and time increments/decrements during cycling program execution
Instantly displaying the data at each phase of program execution
Pause of program execution
Stop of program execution
Auto-restart in case of power failure
Sound alarm
Estimating total program execution time and remaining program execution time
Date and time (year, month, day, hour, minute, second) display and calibration
Protecting the device from further damage and alarming in case of failure
Note:
The above software functions are listed just as a reference. Infinigen
Biotech Inc. reserves the right to modify the software functions without
notice.
— 6 —
CHAPTER 3
CHAPTER 3
PREPARATIONS
PREPARATIONS
This chapter introduces the Thermal Cycler’s mechanical structure, the keyboard and each key’s
functions, and some preparations before power-on.
1
Structure Description
①
②
③
④
⑤
⑥
⑦
① Heated lid
⑤ Power switch
② Block
⑥ Fuse Socket
③ LCD Display
④ Keyboard
⑦ Power connecter
Note:
The fuse specifications are as follows: 125V 5A, φ5×20mm.
The fuse should be replaced with one that meets those
specifications. If you need certificated fuses, please contact
the distributor or manufacturer.
— 7 —
CHAPTER 3
2
PREPARATIONS
Keyboard Diagram
LCD Display
MENU
1
2
3
PAUSE
4
5
6
START
7
8
9
STOP
3
ENTER
0
+/-
Key Functions
0
1
2
3
4
Digit key, for file parameter setting.
5
6
7
8
9
Cursor key, moving the cursor one position to the left when pressed during file
parameter setting.
Cursor key, moving the cursor one position to the right when pressed during
file parameter setting.
Cursor key, moving the cursor back to the setting position of the previous
screen when pressed during file editing, listing, or to the running screen when
pressed during total time and remaining time display.
Cursor key, moving the cursor to the next line or screen when pressed during
file listing, or to the total time and remaining time display during running..
— 8 —
CHAPTER 3
MENU
PREPARATIONS
Function key, displaying the main menu when pressed during file editing or
hot lid temperature rising process.
Function key, accepting the current setting, and displaying the next screen
ENTER
when pressed during file parameter setting
Function key, exchanging of sign ‘+’ and sign ‘-‘ when pressed while editing
the temperature and time increments function; restoring the default
setting
when pressed while setting the heating/cooling speed
STOP
Function key, displaying
Abort File?
Press STOP or START
and asking whether you
want to stop the current program when first pressed during program
execution; stop the current program and returning to the main menu when
press again.
START
Function key, canceling the stop request when pressed following the stop key
during program execution
PAUSE
Function key, displaying
Tb=55.1C
Pause: 66
Pause
and showing pause of the
program execution, the temperature Tb (55.1℃) and remaining time (45 sec.)
in the section at the time when the program paused, and the delay ( 66 sec.)
since the program paused, when pressed during program execution; restoring
program execution when pressed again; program execution automatically
restored when the delay>99 sec.; exiting when pressed during the soak
mode.
4
Inspection before Power-on
Before switch the power on, please ensure that:
1) Supply voltage falls within the specified limits (refer to Chapter 2);
2) The plug has been inserted into the power socket reliably;
3) The grounding of the power line is reliable.
5
Power-on Procedures
Turn on the power (i.e. turn the power switch to position ‘1’), the Thermal Cycler will beep twice, and
the LCD will display ‘self test …’. That means the device is under self-testing, which will last for about
1-2 minutes. Please wait patiently. After the self-testing is passed, the main menu is displayed, and
the device is ready for operations such as editing, accessing, modifying, or deleting a PCR
amplification file.
— 9 —
CHAPTER 4
CHAPTER 4
OPERATION GUIDE
OPERATION GUIDE
In this chapter, we will explain in detail how to edit, access, modify, delete, or execute a PCR
amplification file, how to run a PCR program, how to translate the display during program execution,
and how to access and calibrate the internal clock.
Warning!
Please turn off the power immediately and contact the distributor if abnormal
sound or display appears after power-on, or if failure alarm and display are
found in the process of the device’s self-testing.
Note:
If the number of samples is less than the number of conical holes, the sample
tubes should be evenly distributed over the block, ensuring that the heated lid
will lies stably on the top of the sample tubes, and that both the block’s load and
the temperature fluctuation in each tube will be evenly distributed.
Note:
In order to guarantee that the heated lid is closely impacted on the top of the
sample tubes, and that each sample tube contacts reliably with the
correspondent conical hole, some pressure is needed while the lid is closing.
Therefore, pull the fastener (“PULL” on it) with your hands to ensure the lid’s
stable close.
☺
1
Are you ready? Let’s begin!
How to Edit a New PCR Amplification File
Entering the main menu, move the cursor to
‘FILE’ via the left/right cursor key, and then
press the ‘ENTER’ key.
MAIN MENU
RUN FILE CLOCK
Select ‘FILE’, and
press ‘ENTER’
Move the cursor to ‘EDIT’ via the left/right cursor
key, and then press the ‘ENTER’ key.
EDIT
User File
LIST DELETE
Select ‘EDIT’, and
press ‘ENTER’
Note:
If the LCD displays ‘Memory Full’, which means the memory is occupied with
old files, some files have to be deleted before you begin to edit a new file.
Please refer to 3 in this chapter to learn how to delete an old file.
— 10 —
CHAPTER 4
Input
the
pre-denaturation
temperature
(for
Pre-Denaturation
Temp=94C Time=10:00
example, 94℃) and time (for example, 10 min)
via the left/right cursor key and digit keys, then
press the ‘ENTER’ key.
OPERATION GUIDE
Input the pre-denaturation
temperature
and
time,
and then press ‘ENTER’
Press
Cycle
Seg.1
Temp=94C Time=01:00
Input the temperature ( for example, 94℃) and
time (for example, 1 min) of segment #1
(denaturation), via the left/right cursor key and
Input temperature and
digit keys, then press the ‘ENTER’ key.
time of segment #1, and
Press
then press ‘ENTER’
Input the temperature ( for example, 55℃) and
Cycle
Seg.2
Temp=55C Time=01:30
time (for example, 1 min 30 sec.) of section #2
(annealing), via the left/right cursor key and
Input temperature and
digit keys, then press the ‘ENTER’ key.
time of segment #2, and
Press
then press ‘ENTER’
Input the temperature ( for example, 72℃) and
Cycle
Seg.3
Temp=72C Time=02:00
time (for example, 2 min) of section #3
(extension), via the left/right cursor key and
Input temperature and
digit keys, then press the ‘ENTER’ key.
time of segment #3, and
Press
then press ‘ENTER’
PCR cycling program is usually divided into
three segments. Generally segment #4 is
Cycle
Seg.4
Temp=00C Time=00:00
regarded as a terminal segment, and its time
setting is 0.
Sometimes, in this segment, the temperature
and time can be set to non-zero value. Only in
this time, segment #4 works as a part of the
cycling program.
The Thermal Cycler’s cycling program may
include as many as nine segments. We
Set temperature and
time of segment #4 to
0, showing that this
segment is a terminal
segment.
assume that any segment, numbered greater
than or equal to 1, could be a terminal segment
if its time setting is 0.
— 11 —
Press
CHAPTER 4
Select
auto
increment/decrement
of
OPERATION GUIDE
Auto Extension
OFF
ON
temperature and time via the left/right
cursor key. ‘ON’ means the device will
perform automatic temperature and time
increment/decrement.
Select ‘ON’, and
‘OFF’ means that this function is inactive.
Input
the
temperature
and
Ext.1
time
increments/decrements of segment #1 via
the
Temp=0.1C
Time=0:01
key and digit keys (where ‘+’
denotes
increments;
‘-’
denotes
decrements).
For
example,
Input the temperature and
time
in
segment
#1,
the
increments/decrements of
temperature increases by 0.1℃, and the
segment #1, and press
time increases by 1 sec.
‘ENTER’
Input
the
temperature
and
Ext.2
time
increments/decrements of segment #2 via
the
Press
press ‘ENTER’.
key and digit keys.
Press
Temp=0.1C
Time=0:01
Input the temperature and
time increments/decrements
of segment #2, and press
Press
‘ENTER’
Input
the
temperature
and
time
Ext.3
increments/decrements of segment #3 via
the
Temp=0.1C
Time=0:01
key and digit keys.
Input the temperature and
time increments/decrements
Press
of segment #3, and press
‘ENTER’
Input the number of cycles (for example,
Cycle Count:
30), and press the ‘ENTER’ key.
30
Input the number
of cycles, and
Press
press ‘ENTER’
Input the temperature (72℃) and time (5
Delay
Temp=72C Time=05:00
min) of delay via the left/right cursor key
and digit keys, and press the ‘ENTER’ key.
If delay is not required, the time is set to 0.
Input the temperature
and time of delay, and
press ‘ENTER’
— 12 —
Press
CHAPTER 4
Select whether it is necessary to link other
OPERATION GUIDE
Link to Stored File
YES
NO
saved files.
Select ‘YES’,
Select ‘NO’,
and press
and press
If select ‘YES’, the screen will display a
Link File Name:
AABBCCDD
saved file name. Press the down cursor key,
and another saved file name will be
displayed. To link the file displayed, just
press the ‘ENTER’ key.
Note:
If we want to link several new files, we must first edit the files to be linked. For
example, we need to link three files A, B, and C. First, we should edit file C, and
then we begin to edit file B. When we edit file B, we select to link the saved file C.
After we link files B and C, we edit file A, and select to link the saved file B. Thus
we link all three files A, B, and C.
As a rule, after the first linked file is executed, the second linked file will be
started automatically.
When you have edited a PCR amplification
End of File
RUN
STORE
file, you are optional to execute or save it.
Move the cursor to ‘STORE’, and press the
‘ENTER’ key, the edited file will be saved.
Move the cursor to ‘RUN’, and press the
‘ENTER’ key, the edited file will be executed
Select ‘STORE’, and
press ‘ENTER’.
(please refer to 4 in this chapter to learn how
to run a program).
— 13 —
CHAPTER 4
Select file name, and press ‘ENTER’. Input
the first character of the file name via the digit
keys or the up/down cursor key, and then
press the ‘ENTER’ key, moving the cursor one
position to the right. Input the second
character in the same way. The maximum
character number of a file name is eight.
Enter File:ABCD1234
Select file name,
Select ‘NO’,
and press
and press
‘ENTER’.
‘ENTER’.
If the input file name has been assigned to an
*ABCD1234* Is In Use
old file, the screen will ask whether you want
Overwrite:YES
to overwrite the old file. ‘YES’ selection
means that the old file will be overwritten;
‘NO’ is a natural choice, if you do not want the
original file to be replaced. At this time, you
OPERATION GUIDE
NO
Select ‘YES’, and
press ‘ENTER’.
return to the previous screen, re-inputting the
file name.
The edited file is saved.
Move cursor to ‘RUN’, press the ‘ENTER’ key,
and then the program begin to run.
File stored
RUN
MENU
Select ‘MENU’, or press the ‘MENU’ key, and
then the screen will return to the main menu.
Note:
While editing a file, once the ‘MENU’ key is pressed, current editing is canceled,
and the screen will go to the main menu. If you want to re-edit the original file,
press the
key, returning from the main menu.
— 14 —
CHAPTER 4
2
OPERATION GUIDE
How to Access and Modify an Old PCR File
Entering the main menu, move the cursor to
MAIN MENU
RUN
FILE CLOCK
‘FILE’ via the left/right cursor key, and press the
‘ENTER’ key.
Select ‘FILE’, and
press ‘ENTER’.
Move the cursor to ‘LIST’ via the left/right
User File
EDIT LIST DELETE
cursor key, and press the ‘ENTER’ key.
Select ‘LIST’, and
press ‘ENTER’.
The screen will display the saved files’ names
AABBCCDD 1998.01.23
ABCD1234 1998.01.19
and storage dates alphabetically.
Press
You can check each saved file’s name and
HB
HV
storage date via the up/down cursor key.
If you want to access a certain file (for example,
Move the cursor to
file ABCD1234) or modify the file’s certain
the file to be
parameters, move the cursor to the file to be
accessed or
accessed or modified and press the ‘ENTER’
modified, and press
key.
‘ENTER’ key.
Press
1998.01.23
1998.01.19
Pre-Denaturation
Temp=94C Time=10:00
The screen will display the file’s contents.
If you want to modify the file, change the
temperature and time, settings via the digit keys
and the left/right cursor key (please refer to 1 in Press ‘ENTER’ directly,
or press ‘ENTER’ after
this chapter for detailed description).
Press
parameter modification.
Note:
If there is no file stored in the memory, the screen will display ‘No File in
Memory’, when you search for old files. At this time, you can return to the main
menu via the ‘MENU’ key.
— 15 —
CHAPTER 4
3
OPERATION GUIDE
How to delete a file
Entering the main menu, move the cursor to
MAIN MENU
RUN
FILE CLOCK
‘FILE’ via the left/right cursor key, and press
the ‘ENTER’ key.
Select ‘FILE’, and
press ‘ENTER’.
Move the cursor to ‘DELETE’ via the left/right
User File
EDIT LIST DELETE
cursor key, and press the ‘ENTER’ key.
Select ‘DELETE’,
and press ‘ENTER’.
The screen asks whether to delete all the saved
Delete File
ALL File:ABCD1234
files or to delete a single saved file.
Move the cursor to ‘ALL’, press the ‘ENTER’
key, and all the saved files will be ready to be
Press the
Select ‘ALL’,
deleted.
or
key,
Move the cursor to ‘FILE’, press the up/down and press
cursor key, and then each saved file will be ‘ENTER’.
when the file to
displayed one by one. To delete the required file,
displayed, press
just press the ‘ENTER’ key when it is displayed.
‘ENTER’.
After the saved files to be deleted are selected,
be deleted is
Delete File:ABCD1234
NO
YES
Delete All File
NO
YES
the screen asks whether they are to be deleted.
Move the cursor to ‘YES’, press the ‘ENTER’
key, and then the selected files will be deleted.
Move the cursor to ‘NO’, press the ‘ENTER’
Select ‘YES’,
and press
‘ENTER’.
key, then the delete operation will be canceled,
will return to the main menu via the ‘ENTER’
Select ‘NO’, and
press ‘ENTER’ to
Select ‘YES’,
and press
‘ENTER’.
and the screen will return to the main menu.
After the selected files are deleted, the screen
Select ‘NO’, and
press ‘ENTER’ to
return to the
main menu.
All
File
Deleted
ENTER
to
MAIN
return to the main
menu.
*ABCD1234* Deleted
ENTER
to
MAIN
key.
Note:
If there is no file stored in the memory, the screen will display ‘No File in
Memory’, when you want to delete the saved files. At this time, you can return to
the main menu via the ‘MENU’ key.
— 16 —
CHAPTER 4
4
OPERATION GUIDE
How to Run a PCR Program
Warning!
There are two alarm signs read ‘HOT SURFACE!’. The metal part near those
signs(on the block and heated lid) is not allowed to be touched by any part of
the body for fear of the body burn, during the program execution and in the
short period after the program execution!
Entering the main menu, move the cursor to
MAIN MENU
FILE CLOCK
RUN
‘RUN’, and press the ‘ENTER’ key.
Select ‘RUN’, and
press ‘ENTER’.
Find the file (for example, ABCD1234) to be
RUN File:ABCD1234
run via the up/down cursor key, and press the
‘ENTER’ key.
If select ‘RUN’ during file editing (two options),
Press the
key
this screen will not be displayed and the
or the
current edited file will be run.
select the file to
key to
be run, and then
press ‘ENTER’.
Select the soak temperature ( for example,
Soak while End
Temp=04C
4℃) after the normal program execution.
If you do not need the soak mode, just set the
temperature to zero.
Input the soak
temperature. Just
input 0 if you do not
need this mode.
Set the heating/cooling rate via the digit keys.
Heat Ramp=2.0C/Sec
Cool Ramp=1.5C/Sec
The heating rate can peak 0.1℃/sec.-2.0℃
/sec.;
The cooling rate can peak 0.1℃/sec.-1.5℃/sec.
Input
The heating/cooling rate may be set to ‘*.*’ via
key.
That
means
that
the
maximum
heating/cooling rate,
and press ‘ENTER’.
heating/Cooling rate will be adopted.
— 17 —
CHAPTER 4
OPERATION GUIDE
The screen asks whether the heated lid is to be
used.
Hotlid
OFF
Move the cursor to ‘ON’, press the ‘ENTER’ key, the
heated lid will be adopted. Because of the heated lid,
ON
you do not need to add evaporation-proof paraffin oil
Select ‘ON’,
Select ‘OFF’, and
into the sample in a centrifugal tube.
and adopt the
do not adopt the
Move the cursor to ‘OFF’, press the ‘ENTER’ key, the
heated lid.
heated lid.
heated lid will not be adopted.
While the heated lid is being heated, the screen hints
that you have to wait (about a few minutes) until the
lid is heated to the expected temperature. The
number at the top-right corner of the screen denotes
Hotlid On
98C
Please waiting...
the lid temperature. Once the expected temperature
(105℃) is reached, the Thermal Cycler will maintain
this temperature and begin normal amplification
program execution.
The PCR program begin
Without the heated lid function, the Thermal Cycler
will begin normal amplification program execution
directly
After the normal program execution, if the soak
mode is selected during the file setting, the screen
will display the soak temperature setting and current
Soak Set Temp=04C
Tb=04.1C Time=01:23
values, and the delay from the start of this mode (as
shown in the right figure).
If you want to stop this mode at this time, just press
the ‘STOP’ key. The screen will show the termination
of program execution and the total execution time.
If the soak mode is not selected during the file
setting (the soak temperature is set to 0), the screen
will show the termination of program execution and
Run
Over
Total Time=02:34
the total execution time with two beeps after the
normal program execution.
Note:
It is not allow to set the heating/cooling rate to 0.0℃/sec. If this rule is not
followed, the Thermal Cycler will run the amplification program at the maximum
heating/cooling rate.
Note:
During the sock mode, if the humidity is high, the block’s surface may absorb
moisture in the air and begin to dew because of low temperature. This is a
normal phenomenon which does not affect the Thermal Cycler’s normal
operation. Cotton swab or absorbing paper is an effective tool to absorb the
dew on the block’s surface.
— 18 —
CHAPTER 4
5
OPERATION GUIDE
How to Translate the Display during Program Execution
Display during the Pre-degeneration Execution
① Currently running the pre-denaturation program;
1
② Temperature setting, 94℃;
2
3
③ Time setting, 10 min.;
④ Current temperature, 94.1℃.
Pre-Den.T=94C 10:00
Tb=94.1C 05:23
⑤ Remaining execution time, 5 min. 23 sec.
4
5
2
3
Display during the Cycling Program Execution
① Currently Segment #1;
1
② Temperature setting, 94℃;
③ Time setting, 1 min.;
Seg.1 T=94.0C 01:00
C=25 Tb=94.1C 00:25
④ Number of remaining cyclers, 25;
⑤ Current temperature, 94.1℃;
⑥ Remaining execution time, 25 sec.
4
5
6
1
2
3
Display during the delay Execution
① Currently running the delay;
② Temperature setting, 72℃;
③ Time setting, 5 min.;
④ Current temperature, 71.8℃;
Delay T=72C 05:00
Tb=71.8C 03:15
⑤ Remaining execution time, 3 min. 15 sec.
4
— 19 —
5
CHAPTER 4
OPERATION GUIDE
Display during the soak mode
① Currently in the soak mode;
1
② Temperature setting, 4℃;
2
③ Current temperature, 4.0℃;
④ Execution time, 3 hours 15 min.
Soak
Set Temp=04C
Tb=4.0C
Time=03:15
3
4
Display When Program Execution Is Over
① Execution over;
1
② Total execution time, 2 hours 35 min.
Return to the main menu via the ‘ENTER’
key or the ‘MENU’ key.
Run
Over
Total Time:02h35m
2
Display the Total Execution Time and Remaining Execution Time
During program execution, check for the total
execution time and remaining execution time
(estimated) via
1
key.
Return to the original screen via
key.
Total Time=02:40
Rest Time=01:30
① Total execution time, 2 hours 40 min.;
② Remaining execution time, 1 hour 30 min.
2
— 20 —
CHAPTER 4
6
OPERATION GUIDE
How to Access and Calibrate the Internal Clock
The Thermal Cycler has an internal clock. It automatically records time information during file storage
and program execution so that the experimental data can be conveniently retrieved.
Time Access
MAIN MENU
RUN
FILE CLOCK
Entering the main menu, move the cursor to
‘CLOCK’, and then press the ‘ENTER’ key.
Select ‘CLOCK’
and press ‘ENTER’
The screen display current date and time.
The first line denotes date (for example,
October 1st, 1998).
DATE : 1998 .10 . 01
TIME :
12 : 01: 15
The second line denotes time (for example,12
hours 1 min. 15 sec.).
Press ‘ENTER’
Time Calibration
If the display date/time differs from current
standard date/time, calibration is necessary.
DATE : 1998 .10 . 01
TIME :
12 : 01: 15
Press the ‘ENTER’ key, and then the first digit of
the ‘year’ flashes. You can calibrate the
Press ‘MENU’
date/time via the cursor keys and the digit keys.
When finishing calibration, press the ‘MENU’
key to return to the main menu.
Note:
MAIN MENU
RUN
FILE CLOCK
It is recommended that its internal clock be revalidated when the Thermal
Cycler is first used.
— 21 —
CHAPTER 5
CHAPTER 5
FAILURE ANALYSIS AND PROCESSING
FAILURE ANALYSIS AND PROCESSING
In this chapter, we briefly represent possible failures, their analysis and processing.
Failure Analysis and Processing Procedures
No.
Phenomenon
Possible Cause
Processing Procedure
Disconnected power supply
Check power supply for correct
connection
Bad fuse
Replace it (125V 5Aφ5×20mm)
Switch failure
Replace it
Others
Contact distributor or
manufacturer
2
The two beeps , display of
‘ER00’, ‘ER02’, or ‘ER03’, and
long beep alarm when power
on
Bad sensor, or bad sensor
connection
Contact distributor or
manufacturer
3
Display of ‘ER00’, ‘ER02’, or
‘ER03’, and long beep alarm
during program execution
Bad sensor, or bad sensor
connection
Contact distributor or
manufacturer
Ventilation jam
4
Abrupt change in heating speed
or bad temperature control
accuracy
Clear the jam
Open the device, check the
connectors for reliable connection
Contact distributor or
manufacturer
1
No display and the two beeps
missed when power on
5
Significant change in cooling
speed, or unavailable
temperature below ambient one
6
Heating and cooling terminated
7
Lid cannot be heated
Bad connection
Cooling module failure
Cooling module failure
Fan failed or stopped
Bad sensor
Malfunction of all cooling
modules
Bad contact between
connectors
Lid heater failure
Contact distributor or
manufacturer
Contact distributor or
manufacturer
Contact distributor or
manufacturer
Lid sensor failure
8
Abnormal characters displayed
Bad contact between chip and
its socket
Contact distributor or
manufacturer
Chip malfunctioning
9
Note:
Inactive keys
Film panel malfunctioning
Contact distributor or
manufacturer
During warranty terms, please contact distributor or manufacturer if there is a
need to open the device to analyze a failure listed in the above table.
— 23 —
APPENDEX A CONNECTION DIAGRAM
APPENDIX A
CONNECTION DIAGRAM
Input Power AC100-120V, 50-60Hz
Connectio
n
Fuse
AC125V
5A
A1-6
A1-6
A1-6
A1-4
A1-3
A1-2
A1-1
Switche
r
EJ3-4
EJ3-3
EJ3-2
EJ3-1
EJ1-6
EJ1-5
EJ1-4
EJ1-3
EJ1-2
EJ1-1
FJ1-1
FJ1-2
FJ1-3
FJ1-4
EJ1
EJ3
Controller
EJ4-2
EJ4-1
EJ
Fan
DC12V
0 39A
J1-0.
Keyboar
J
J
LCD
— 24 —
A1-1
A1-2
A1-3
Heated
Lid
Block
A1
NOTES
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