Media package format for submission to a media distribution system

Media package format for submission to a media distribution system
USOO7827162B2
(12) Unlted States Patent
(10) Patent N0.2
Suitts et a].
(54)
(75)
(45) Date of Patent:
2002/0032658 A1
2002/0049844 A1
3/2002 Oki et a1.
4/2002 Nishikawa
SYSTEM
2002/0099661 A1
2002/0099696 Al
7/2002 Kii et a1.
7/2002 Prince
Inventors: Jason Robert Suitts, San Francisco, CA
(Us); Jonathan James Currey, San
Franmscos CA (Us); Max Muller, HL
san Jose, CA (Us)
2002/0099801 A1
2002/0107803 A1
2002/0112171 A1
2002/0116293 A1
7/2002
8/2002
8/2002
8/2002
2002/0124182 Al
9/2002 Basco et al.
Notice:
Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this
patent is extended or adjusted under 35
WO 00/08909
Prior Publication Data
US 2008/0040379 A1
(52)
(58)
W0
20000
Apr. 9, 2007
(65)
(51)
Lao et a1.
FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS
Appl. No.: 11/786,031
(22) Filed:
Ishii
Lisanke et a1.
Ginter et a1.
(Continued)
U.S.C. 154(b) by 325 days.
(21)
Nov. 2, 2010
MEDIA PACKAGE FORMAT FOR
SUBMISSION TO A MEDIA DISTRIBUTION
(73) Assignee: Apple Inc, Cupeninos CA (Us)
(*)
US 7,827,162 B2
Int. Cl.
G06F 17/30
(Continued)
Feb. 14, 2008
OTHER PUBLICATIONS
“Liqui?er Pro 4.0 for WindowsTM User’s Guide,” 1998, Liquid
Audio, Inc.
(2006.01)
US. Cl. ..................................... .. 707/707; 707/695
Field of Classi?cation Search ............... .. 707/770,
(Continued)
707/769, 736
See application ?le for complete search history.
Primary ExamineriBaoquoc N To
_
(56)
(57)
References Clted
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ABSTRACT
The disclosed embodiments relate generally to the submis
sion of media content to a media distribution system and the
generation of media items from the media content. The media
items may include, for example, audio, Video, image, or pod
5/2002 Wfser et a1~
400% snva§tava et al'
cast data. In accordance With one embodiment, a package for
use in generating a downloadable digital media content asset
includes metadata content that describes how the media con
6’731’3 12 B2
5/2004 RObbm
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p
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_
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'
35 Claims, 8 Drawing Sheets
gjrym
100
_
R
Chara, ~1°9
102
Provider
0
Digital Media Service
Provider (e.g., Media
110
Commerce Server
I
Validation
Shilc?gge
Server
Manager
Data Network
"4113
0
Media
Store
106
Client
112
Media
Player
)
108
US 7,827,162 B2
Page 2
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
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* cited by examiner
US. Patent
Nov. 2, 2010
US 7,827,162 B2
Sheet 1 0f 8
111
100
K
Media
Content
109
102
N
S
Provider
Digital Media Service
Provider (e.g., Media
110
S
Commerce Server
Validation
Media
Storage
Manager
\
Server
Data Network
113
Encoding
106
Manager ’\114
Client
Media
Store
Media
1 12
Player
108
FIG. 1
US. Patent
Nov. 2, 2010
Sheet 2 0f8
US 7,827,162 B2
Generate package including
metadata content and
202
identifying a plurality of data N
files, wherein each of the data
files include media content
7
Submit the package to a media
content distribution system,
.
.
204
thereby enabling a media asset/w
to be generated using the
media content according to the
metadata content
FIG. 2
Obtain a package including one
or more metadata files and a
plurality of data files, the
m302
metadata files including metadata
content and the plurality of data
files including media content
Encode a digital media file
using at least a portion of the
media content according to
the metadata content
Distribute the
digital media file
FIG. 3
304
306
US. Patent
Nov. 2, 2010
Sheet 3 0f8
US 7,827,162 B2
PACKAGE 402
Metadata content
.
Data ?le 1
406
404
Data file 2
406
Data file n
406
FIG. 4
US. Patent
Nov. 2, 2010
Sheet 4 0f8
404 —\
Processing instructions 502
Product identifier 504
Content provider 506
Asseti 508
Fi|e1 510
Asset2 508
Fi|e2 510
Assetn 508
Filen 510
FIG. 5
US 7,827,162 B2
US. Patent
Nov. 2, 2010
Sheet 5 0f 8
Processing Instruction 602
Package Container Version 604
Provider 606
Video 608
Video type 610
Network name 612
Vendor Identifier 614
Episode Production Number 616
Series Name 618
Title 620
Container ID 622
Container Position 624
Release Date 626
Original Release Year 628
Genres 630
Rating 632
Advisory 634
Copyright 636
Short Description 638
Long Description 640
Data File 642
File Name 644
File Size 646
Checksum 648
Preview Start Time 650
Vendor Offer Code 652
Product 654
Territory 656
Sales Start Date 658
Sales End Date 660
Cleared For Sale 662
FIG. 6
US 7,827,162 B2
US. Patent
Nov. 2, 2010
Processing Instruction 702
Package Container 704
Provider 706
Video 708
Video type 710
Production Company 712
Vendor Identi?er 714
ISAN Identifier 716
UPC 718
All Movie Guide Video ID 720
Title 722
Original Release Year 724
Country of Origin 726
Genres 728
Rating 730
Copyright 732
Cast 734
Crew 736
Synopsis 738
Asset Description 740
Asset Data File Name 742
Asset File Size 744
Asset Data File Checksum 746
Poster Image File Name 748
Poster Image Checksum 750
Bonus Material 752
Vendor Identi?er 754
Name 756
Copyright 758
Volume 760
Track 762
Pre-order Only 764
Bonus file name 766
Product 768
Territory 770
Wholesale Price Tier 772
Pre-order Sales Start Date 774
Sales Start Date 776
Sales End Date 778
Cleared For Sale 780
Sheet 6 0f8
US 7,827,162 B2
US. Patent
Nov. 2, 2010
Sheet 7 0f8
Chapters version 782
Chapter start time 784
Chapter title 786
Chapter picture filename 788
FIG. 7B
US 7,827,162 B2
US. Patent
Nov. 2, 2010
Sheet 8 0f8
US 7,827,162 B2
TV Metadata XML Example
Below is a_n example meta-data)ng for an episode of the NBC series "The Office."
You can View the product in the iTunes MUSIC Store at this URL:
htt :// hobos.a
|e.com/WebOb'ects/MZStore.woa/wa/viewVideo?id=l29396399& =l02802072&5=l4344l
Please note: the available product in the iTunes Music Store does not contain the
ratings and adVisories used in this example.
800
<?xm| version = "1.0" encoding = "UTF-8"?> N 802
<package version = "tv2.0"> N804
/
<pr0vider>NBCUniversa|<lprovider> N806
<video> N 808
<types>tv</type> N 810
<network_name>NBC</network_name> N812
<vendor_id>NBC_OFF|CE_R2518</vendor_id> w 814
<episode_production_number>R2518</episode_production_number> ~ 816
<series_name> The Office</series_name> w 818
<title>Take Your Daughter to Work Day</title> N 820
<container_id>NBC_OFFICE_SEASON_002</container_id> N 822
<container_position>18</container_positi0n> N 824
<re|ease_date>2006-03-1 1 </re|ease_date> N 826
<0riginal_re|ease_year>2006<lorigina|_release_year> ~828
<genres>~ 830
<genres>TVShows<lgenre>~ 832
</genres>’\/ 4
<ratings> N836
<rating system="us-tv">TV-14</rating> ~838
<advisory system="us-cabie">AL</advisory> N 840
</ratings> N 842
<copyright_cline>2005 NBC Universa|<lcopyright_c|ine> N 844
<short descri tion>A routine office day is upended when children descend
upon Dunder—Mifflin or Take Your Daughter to Work Day.</short_description>~ 846
<|ong_description>A routine office day is upended when children descend
upon Dunder Mifflin for Take Your Dau hter to Work Day. Michael (Golden
Globe winner Steve Careii) is surprise when he strikes up a friendship with the
five- ear old daughter of his sworn enemy, Toby (Paul Lieberstein). Jenna
Fisc er, John Krasinski, B.J. Novak, Rainn Wilson, Leslie David Baker, Brian
Baum artner, kate Fiannery, Angela Kinsey, Oscar Nunez and Phyllis Smith also
star.< ong_description> N 848
<data_file> w 850
<file_name>officeR2518.mpg<lfile_name> ~ 852
<size>2595225600<lsize> N 854
856
r.)
<checksum type="md5">2a793a8b46037fe48a29dd739b4991ta<lchecksum>
</data_fi|e>~ 858
<preview starttime="60"/> N 860
<vendor_offer_code>OF9921</vendor_offer_code> N 862
<pr0ducts>~ 864
<pr0duct> N 866
<territory>US</territory> N 868
<sa|es_start_date>2006-03-12</sa|es_start_date> N 870
<sa|es_end_date></sa|es_end_date> ~872
<cleared_for_sa|e>true<lcleared_for_sa|e> N 874
</product> N 876
</products>/\/ 878
</video> ~ 808
</package>
F! G. 8
US 7,827,162 B2
1
2
MEDIA PACKAGE FORMAT FOR
SUBMISSION TO A MEDIA DISTRIBUTION
SYSTEM
metadata content. The package is then submitted to a media
content distribution system, thereby enabling a digital media
?le to be encoded using at least a portion of the media content
in the plurality of data ?les according to at least a portion of
the metadata content.
In accordance with yet another embodiment, a media dis
RELATED APPLICATIONS
This application claims priority from Patent Application
tribution system obtains a package including one or more
No. 60/800,843, entitled “TECHNIQUES AND SYSTEMS
metadata ?les and identifying a plurality of data ?les, each of
the plurality of data ?les including media content and the
metadata ?les including metadata content. A digital media ?le
is then encoded using at least a portion of the media content in
the plurality of data ?les according to at least a portion of the
metadata content to provide a downloadable digital media
FOR ELECTRONIC SUBMISSION OF MEDIA CON
TENT,” by Muller et al, ?led on May 15, 2006, which is
incorporated herein by reference for all purposes.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
content asset.
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to media asset management,
The invention can be implemented in numerous ways,
including as a method, system, device, apparatus, graphical
and more particularly, to submission of media assets to a
user interface, or computer readable medium. Several
embodiments of the invention are discussed below.
distribution system in a client-server environment.
2. Description of the Related Art
Digital media service providers distribute media content
20
products to users. For example, a digital media service pro
vider may make media content products available for rental,
Other aspects and advantages of the invention will become
apparent from the following detailed description taken in
conjunction with the accompanying drawings which illus
trate, by way of example, the principles of the invention.
purchase, and/or free distribution. The digital media service
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
provider is often able to ful?ll a request for a user desired
media content product by handling digital rights management
25
The invention will be readily understood by the following
detailed description in conjunction with the accompanying
drawings, wherein like reference numerals designate like
of the desired media content product, an associated billing
transaction, if any, and delivery of the desired media content
product to the user. Often, media content providers, such as
recording labels/distributors, movie studios/distributors, and
media content creators, provide the media content to a third
structural elements, and in which:
30
party digital media service provider by providing one or more
?les to the digital media service provider. Traditionally, for a
single media content product, a single ?le containing the
playable content (e.g., a feature ?lm) of the media content
product is provided to the digital media service provider.
35
However, under this approach, any modi?cation to a single
component of the media content product (e.g., addition, dele
tion, or replacement of an alternate audio track) requires the
media content provider to produce again the single media
content ?le by incorporating the modi?cation and uploading
40
again the entire single media content ?le (containing even the
unmodi?ed components) to the digital media service pro
vider.
FIG. 4 is a diagram illustrating a simpli?ed package that
can be used to submit metadata and media content for use in
generating a media product to a media content submission
In view of the above, there exists a need for a way to more
?exibly manage media content provided to a digital media
45
service provider.
50
sion of media content to a media submission and distribution
system and the generation of media items from the media
content. The media items may include, for example, audio,
video, image, or podcast data, which may include movies and
television episodes.
55
In accordance with one embodiment, a package for use in
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
60
The present invention relates to the management and sub
mission of media content to a distribution system. More par
ticularly, one embodiment relates to a media package identi
fying and/ or including media content for submission to a
In accordance with another embodiment, a content pro
vider uploads one or more packages to a media submission
and distribution system. More particularly, a package includ
ing one or more metadata ?les and identifying a plurality of
data ?les is generated, each of the plurality of data ?les
including media content and the metadata ?les including
submission and distribution system.
FIG. 6 is a diagram illustrating an example of metadata
providing information for use in generating a digital media
?le including a television episode, sporting event, or commer
cial for distribution.
FIGS. 7A-B together illustrate an example of metadata
providing information for use in generating a digital media
?le including a feature ?lm for distribution.
FIG. 8 is a diagram illustrating an example XML ?le
including metadata of a package for use in generating a tele
vision episode.
generating a downloadable digital media content asset
includes metadata content that describes how the media con
tent in a plurality of data ?les can be processed to generate a
downloadable digital media content asset, where the package
includes information identifying the plurality of data ?les.
and distribution system.
FIG. 5 is a diagram illustrating an example of metadata that
can be provided in a package submitted to a media content
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The disclosed embodiments relate generally to the submis
FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a media content submission
and distribution system according to one embodiment of the
invention.
FIG. 2 is a process ?ow diagram illustrating a method of
submitting a package to the media content submission and
distribution system according to one embodiment of the
invention.
FIG. 3 is a process ?ow diagram illustrating a method of
encoding a digital media asset by a media content submission
and distribution system according to one embodiment of the
invention.
65
distribution system. Another embodiment relates to submis
sion of the media package to the distribution system. Yet
another embodiment relates to the generation of media items
US 7,827,162 B2
3
4
from media content submitted to a distribution system. Once
generated, media items can be downloaded in a client-server
a predetermined number user machines can be authorized to
environment. A media item can, for example, be a podcast
use the media item, or only up to a predetermined number of
compact disc copies can be made of a grouping or collection
episode, television episode, movie, feature ?lm, audio, video,
of media items (e.g., a playlist).
or image data.
FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a media content submission
and distribution system 100 according to one embodiment of
the invention. Media content submission and distribution sys
tem 100 includes a digital media service provider such as a
In one embodiment, a package that is submitted to a media
submission and distribution system identi?es a plurality of
data ?les and includes metadata that de?nes how the plurality
of data ?les can be used to generate a media item. For
instance, a package can identify data ?les that include a
media commerce server 102. Media commerce server 102
coordinates review, purchase, and/or rental of media items
through on-line transactions. On-line transactions to pur
variety of assets, such as subtitles or closed captioning infor
mation including timed text tracks, and bonus material, as
chase media items is also referred to as electronic commerce
well as audio and/or video ?le(s). Timed text tracks can
(e-commerce). Media content submission and distribution
include, for example, different leels of subtitling in the sae
language, such as full subtitling versus just subtitling of
system 100 also includes a client 104. Typically, media con
tent submission and distribution system 100 would include a
plurality of different clients 104. Each client 104 can include
a media player 108. Media player 108 is an application pro
words that appear in a video but not on the soundtrack. Audio
?le(s) can include audio in surround sound, as well as other
audio options in different languages. Moreover, data ?les can
include a variety of soundtracks such as commentary tracks
and sound-effect only tracks in one or more languages, which
can be selected to accompany other media content. From the
gram (e.g., software application) that operates on client 104,
which is a computing device. Client 104 is coupled to media
20
package, it is possible to produce different media items cor
responding to the same media content (e.g., television epi
review and/or purchase media items. In one embodiment,
data network 106 includes at least a portion of the Internet.
sode or ?lm). More particularly, a media item can be gener
ated (e.g., encoded) using a subset of the metadata and/or a
Clients 104 can vary with application but generally are com
25
subset of the plurality of data ?les. Moreover, multiple media
capable of storing and presenting media to their users.
Media content submission and distribution system 100 is
30
want to pay extra for bonus material that they do not want.
be encoded) to a media distribution system, rather than a
35
items for distribution to a variety of types of consumers. Once
a single downloadable ?le associated with a media item has
been generated, one or more encryption steps may be per
formed to complete at least a portion of an encryption process
prior to purchase of the media item.
also accessible to one or more media content providers 109.A
media content provider 109 may be, for example, a movie
studio, television network, or record company providing
media content that can be distributed via one or more digital
Thus, by providing a plurality of data ?les (which may each
single encoded ?le, the distribution system can tailor media
puting devices that have memory storage. Often, clients 104
are personal computers or other computing devices that are
items can be generated from the same package. For example,
some consumers may want subtitles in a particular language,
while other consumers may wish to purchase a media item
that does not include subtitles. Similarly, some consumers
may wish to view the bonus material, while others may not
commerce server 102 through a data network 106. Hence, any
of clients 104 can interact with media commerce server 102 to
media service providers (e.g., via a media distribution sys
tem). Each media content provider 109 may submit media
content 111 in the form of packages, as will be described in
further detail below. For instance, a package can be submitted
in association with a feature ?lm or television episode. Gen
40
Embodiments of various aspects of the invention are dis
cussed below with reference to FIGS. 1-8. However, those
erally, a package includes metadata and identi?es a plurality
of data ?les, where the metadata describes how the plurality
of data ?les can be used to generate a downloadable digital
media content asset.
skilled in the art will readily appreciate that the detailed
description given herein with respect to these ?gures is for
Media content submission and distribution system 100 also
limited embodiments.
One aspect of the invention pertains to a system and
that couples to the data network 106. Media store 112 pro
vides mass storage for media content that is available for
purchase via media content submission and distribution sys
tem 100. In accordance with one embodiment, media store
includes a media storage server 110 and a media store 112.
explanatory purposes as the invention extends beyond these 45 Media storage server 110 represents a remote storage server
method for submitting media content over a network to a
distribution system, enabling media assets (i.e., media items)
to be generated from the media content. The resulting media
50
items can then be made available for distribution via the
distribution system. For instance, the media items can be
purchased and downloaded from an online media store.
In accordance with one embodiment, in order to purchase
a media item from the online media store, a potential pur
chaser can search and browse through numerous media items
that are available for purchase. Once purchased, a media item
can be downloaded over the network to the purchaser. The
content for the media item may be encrypted, and therefore at
55
least some of the encryption steps may take place at the time
of purchase. In this manner, a media item may be encrypted
for the purchaser’s use and stored on the purchaser’s
machine. Moreover, at least some of the encryption steps may
occur after the content for the media item has been down
loaded to a client. Thereafter, the purchaser can make use of
the media item (e.g., play the media item). However, the use
of the media item can still be limited. For example, only up to
112 stores or has access to packages that have been submitted
to media content submission and distribution system 100. In
one embodiment, a validation manager 113 validates pack
ages that have been submitted to media content submission
and distribution system 100. For instance, validation manager
113 may check the presence (or absence) of ?les that are
identi?ed in a package, check that various attributes of the
package are present, check the values of various attributes of
the package, and/or check that extensions of one or more of
the identi?ed ?les are correct.
60
In accordance with another embodiment, an encoding
manager 114 encodes media items from metadata and data
?les identi?ed in packages. Encoding manager 114 can
encode the media items as they are purchased, or can encode
the media items prior to purchase by a consumer. Thus, media
65
store 112 may store media items that have been generated, as
well as store packages that have been submitted for distribu
tion by media content and distribution system 100. Once
US 7,827,162 B2
5
6
purchased, the media items can be accessed from media store
112 over the data network 106 by way of media storage server
110.
?les at 202, where each of the data ?les includes media
metadata ?les including the metadata content. The metadata
More particularly, media content and distribution system
content can identify one or more of the plurality of data ?les.
100 allows a user of client 104 to utilize media player 108 to
The media content provider then submits the package to a
media content distribution system at 204, thereby enabling a
media asset to be generated using the media content accord
ing to the metadata content. For instance, in order to generate
content. For instance, the package can include one or more
browse, search or sort through a plurality of media items that
can be purchased from media commerce server 102. Media
player 108 may also allow the user to preview a media clip of
the media items. In the event that the user of media player 1 08
desires to purchase a particular media item, the user (via the
media player 108) and media commerce server 102 engage in
a digital media ?le storing thereon a media asset such as a
an on-line commerce transaction in which the user pays for
movie in Italian, the media ?le can be generated using a sub set
of the plurality of data ?les that include the Italian audio ?le
and/or Italian subtitles. As set forth above, the media ?le can
access rights to the particular media item. In one embodi
ment, a credit card associated with the user is charged for the
media asset.
be generated prior to and/or subsequent to purchase of the
purchase amount of the particular media item.
In accordance with one embodiment, the package includes
the plurality of data ?les. In another embodiment, upon sub
mission of the package, the media content submission and
distribution system requests the data ?les upon validation of
In media content and distribution system 100 shown in
FIG. 1, the media content (e. g., packages and/ or media items
that have been encoded from the packages) are stored in
media store 112 and retrieved via media storage server 110.
Hence, media commerce server 102 need not burden its
resources to deliver any of the media items that may be
20
submitted separately from the package format.
Once the package has been submitted, the package or por
purchased to client 104. Instead, on purchasing a particular
media item, encoding manager 114 can generate the desired
tion thereof can be stored in a directory structure. For
media item (e.g., by encoding the purchased media asset) or
obtain a media item that the encoding manager 114 has
the package. The data ?les can be submitted in a subsequent
package along with the metadata, or the data ?les can be
25
instance, the metadata ?le(s) or information obtained from
the metadata ?le(s) can be stored in a directory structure
already generated from a corresponding package. In this
together with or separately from corresponding data ?le(s)
regard, encoding manager 114 can obtain the media content
corresponding to the particular media item from media store
112 and download such content through data network 106 to
media asset can be generated (e.g., encoded) using the infor
client 104. The downloaded media content can then be stored
on client 104. In one embodiment, the downloaded media
content is stored on client 104 as received. In another embodi
ment, the downloaded media content is transcrypted from one
Once the metadata and media ?les are stored, a digital
mation provided in the metadata. FIG. 3 is a process ?ow
30
asset by a media content submission and distribution system
according to one embodiment of the invention. A package is
obtained (e. g., in response to the purchase of a media item) at
encryption key to another encryption key before persistent
storage on client 104. In still another embodiment, the down
loaded media content is encrypted as received at client 104
35
302, where the package includes one or more metadata ?les
that include metadata content and a plurality of data ?les that
include media content. A digital media ?le is then generated
(e.g., encoded) at 304 using at least a portion of the media
but is decrypted and then re-encrypted before persistent stor
age on client 104. Thereafter, media player 108 can present
(e.g., play) the media content at client 104.
One or more of the connections through data network 106
between media commerce server 102, client 104 and media
diagram illustrating a method of encoding a digital media
content according to at least a portion of the metadata content.
Thus, multiple digital media ?les may be produced from a
40
single package using overlapping or non-overlapping subsets
of the data ?les and metadata within the package. More par
storage server 110 can be through secure connections, such as
ticularly, in order to generate a media product, two or more of
Secure Sockets Layer (SSL). For instance, a client can be
authenticated prior to downloading content from media stor
the plurality of data ?les can be combined during an encoding
process. Generation of the digital media ?le can include fur
age server 110 in order to ensure that the client can download 45 ther processing of one or more of the data ?les, such as
content from media storage server 110. Moreover, a given
client can be authenticated in order to ensure that the client is
authorized to download the content that the client wants to
download. Further, the media content can be encrypted at one
or more stages as set forth above prior to and/or after the
media content is stored at client 104.
In order to make media content for a media item available
for distribution, a media content provider 109 can submit a set
of ?les that can be used in whole or in part to generate the
media item. For instance, the set of ?les can include one or
more metadata ?les including metadata, as well as a plurality
transcoding and encryption of video ?les. The digital media
50
55
invention. A media content provider generates a package
including metadata content and identifying a plurality of data
FIG. 4 is a diagram illustrating a simpli?ed package that
can be used to submit metadata and media content for use in
generating a media product to a media content submission
of data ?les. More particularly, the metadata de?nes how the
media item can be generated from the plurality of data ?les.
The set of ?les can be submitted together, separately, or in
groups.
In accordance with one embodiment, a media content pro
vider 109 can submit the set of ?les in the form of a package.
FIG. 2 is a process ?ow diagram illustrating a method of
submitting a package to the media content submission and
distribution system according to one embodiment of the
?le can then be distributed at 306. For instance, the digital
media ?le can be sold, rented, or made available for re-sale.
Distribution can include the distribution of the digital media
?le via the Internet. Alternatively, distribution can include the
distribution of a physical media such as a DVD storing
thereon the digital media ?le. Such a physical media can
similarly be sold via the Internet, or can be made available for
sale in retail stores.
and distribution system. A package 402 for use in generating
a downloadable digital media content asset includes metadata
60
65
content 404. In addition, the package 402 also includes infor
mation identifying a plurality of data ?les 406, where each of
the plurality of data ?les includes media content. The meta
data content describes how the media content in the plurality
of data ?les can be processed to generate a downloadable
digital media content asset.
Metadata content 404 can be provided in the form of one or
more metadata ?les. For instance, each metadata ?le can be
US 7,827,l62 B2
7
8
provided in the form of an XML ?le. Moreover, the metadata
corresponding metadata attributes and associated values is
provided. For instance, if a video is being provided in the
package, the metadata can include a video attribute (e.g., tag)
content 404 can identify one or more of the plurality of data
?les. In other words, the data ?les 406 can be identi?ed within
the context of the metadata content 404. For instance, the
608. More particularly, a video tag can be used to signify the
beginning of the video element of the package. In accordance
metadata content 404 can identify various image ?les, audio
?les, text ?les, video ?les, etc. The package 402 can also
include the actual data ?les 406.
FIG. 5 is a diagram illustrating an example of metadata
with one embodiment, one video element can be de?ned per
TV episode.
A video type 610 can be used to indicate how the media
submission and distribution system should process the video.
For instance, the video type 610 can indicate that the video
content 404 that can be provided in a package submitted to a
media content submission and distribution system. As shown
type is television or “tv.” A television video type can be used
to indicate that the video is a television series episode, sport
ing event, or commercial.
A network name 612 can be used to identify a network that
in this example, metadata content 404 can include one or
more processing instructions (e.g., tags) indicating how the
data ?les submitted are to be processed. The metadata content
can also include a number of attributes that include informa
tion pertinent to the product. For instance, the metadata con
airs the video. For instance, the network name can be a cus
tent can include identifying information such as a product
tomer presentable name such as “NBC.” Thus, the media
product can be encoded such that the network name 612 is
identi?er 504 identifying the corresponding media product
(e.g., movie or album) and a content provider identi?er 506
identifying the content provider (e.g., record company or
movie studio). The metadata content 404 can identify a plu
rality of assets 508, where each of the assets 508 is provided
in a corresponding identi?ed ?le 510. For instance, each of
the assets 508 can include an image, video clip, audio clip,
song, feature ?lm, television episode, sporting event, com
mercial, audiobook, game, etc.
displayed when the media product is played.
20
25
The metadata content 404 can be generated and submitted
to the media submission and distribution system in a variety
of formats. For example, the metadata content 404 may be
describedusing a plurality of attributes. Some of the metadata
A vendor identi?er 614 can be used to identify the video
separately from any other video submitted by a content pro
vider. The vendor identi?er 614 can be used to uniquely
identify the video in the media submission and distribution
system. More particularly, the vendor identi?er 614 can be
used in conjunction with the content provider 606 to uniquely
identify the video in the media submission and distribution
system. In one embodiment, the vendor identi?er may consist
of uppercase or lowercase alphanumeric characters and other
characters such as the underscore mark or hyphens.
An episode production number 616 can identify a produc
attributes may have one or more corresponding data values, as 30 tion number for the episode. In this manner, an episode of a
will be described in further detail below with respect to FIGS.
series can be uniquely identi?ed. The episode production
6-7B. More particularly, example metadata content describ
number 616 can be provided via a display, enabling a pur
chaser to uniquely identify the episode of a series. A series
ing a television episode will be described in further detail
below with reference to FIG. 6, while example metadata
content describing a feature ?lm will be described in further
detail below with reference to FIGS. 7A-7B.
FIG. 6 is a diagram illustrating an example of metadata
providing information for use in generating a digital media
?le including a television episode, sporting event, or commer
35
cial for distribution. In order to ensure that the metadata can
40
uniquely identify the title of the episode contained in the
video.
In one embodiment, a container identi?er 622 can be used
be parsed, it may be desirable to indicate the manner in which
the document is generated and/or encoded. As shown in FIG.
6, a processing instruction 602 can be used to de?ne the
character encoding of the document that is submitted. For
instance, the processing instruction 602 can indicate that the
document is encoded via UTF-8 encoding. In addition, a
name 618 can be used to identify the name of the television
series or sporting event. In addition, a title 620 can be used to
to identify episodes of a particular season. For instance, a
container identi?er 622 such as “NBC_OFFICE_SEASONi
002” can be used to identify the second season of The Of?ce.
Each video within a container can be identi?ed by a container
position 624. For instance, a an 18th episode in a season can be
identi?ed by container position 18.
package container version 604 can indicate a version of the
A release date 626 can be used to identify the original air
date of the episode. In one embodiment, the release date 626
is in the format YYYY-MM-DD, whereYYYY is the 4-digit
speci?cation to which the metadata conforms. For instance,
year, MM is the 2-digit month, and DD is the 2-digit day. In
45
the version can indicate that the metadata conforms to a
television speci?cation, as well as the speci?ed version of the
television speci?cation. For example, the version “tv2.0” can
be used to indicate that the metadata conforms to version 2 of
50
addition, an original release year 628 can be used to identify
the year that the video was originally made available.
In addition, a genre 630 in which the television series
episode, sporting event, or commercial has been categorized
the television speci?cation.
can be provided. For instance, a genre can be Action &
In addition, a content provider 606 providing content to the
submission and distribution system can be identi?ed. For
example, the content provider 606 can be a television net
work. The speci?cation of the content provider 606 in the
metadata enables the product to be associated with the con
tent provider 606, as well as enable any pertinent contracts to
be identi?ed.
As set forth above, the metadata may identify those assets
that are being submitted in association with the package. A
different set of metadata attributes and corresponding values
is provided for each different asset that is being submitted in
association with the package. One type of asset that can be
Adventure, Anime, Classics, Comedy, Documentary, Drama,
Foreign, Horror, Independent, Kids & Family, Music,
submitted in the package (or in association with the package)
is a video. For each video that is submitted, a different set of
55
Romance, Sci-Fi & Fantasy, Short Films, Special Interest,
60
Thriller, Sports, Western, or Urban. Of course, these
examples are merely illustrative, and a television show could
be categorized in other genres.
A rating 632 can be used to specify a rating label for the
corresponding media product. In one embodiment, more than
one rating can be speci?ed (e.g., for multiple rating systems,
65
which may correspond to different countries). For instance, a
rating label within the US-TV system can be TV-Y, TV-Y7,
TV-G, TV-PG, TV-14, or TV-MA.
Similarly, the metadata can further specify one or more
content advisory indicators 634. For instance, within the US
US 7,827,162 B2
10
CABLE system, possible content advisories includeViolence
In addition, a content provider 706 providing content to the
submission and distribution system can be identi?ed. For
example, the content provider 706 can be a television network
(V), Mild Violence (MV), Graphic Violence (GV), Adult
Language (AL), Graphic Language (GL), Adult Content
(AC), Sexual Content (SC), Nudity (N), Brief Nudity (BN),
or a movie studio such as “Paramount.” The speci?cation of
and Rape (RP). Within the US-TV system possible content
advisories include Fantasy Violence (FV), Sexual Content
the content provider 706 in the metadata enables the product
to be associated with the content provider 706, as well as
enable any pertinent contracts to be identi?ed.
(S), Violence (V), Language (L), and Dialogue (D).
In addition, a copyright 636 can be speci?ed for the video.
In one embodiment, the copyright 636 is provided in the
As set forth above, the metadata may identify those assets
that are being submitted in the package. One type of asset that
can be submitted in the package is a video. If a video is being
provided in the package, the metadata can include a video
attribute (e.g., tag) 708. More particularly, a video tag can be
used to signify the beginning of the video element of the
package. In accordance with one embodiment, one video
format “year” followed by “owner.”
The metadata can include a short description 638, as well
as a long description 640. The short description 638 can
include a single sentence describing the video. The long
description 640 can include a brief synopsis of the video.
If video source material is delivered electronically, the
metadata can include a data ?le element (e.g., tag) 642 for
each ?le being submitted. For instance, a ?le name 644 and
?le size 646 can be speci?ed. In one embodiment, the ?le
name 644 can include the ?le name extension (e.g., mpg). In
addition, a checksum 648 can be provided, enabling the
media submission and distribution system (or content pro
vider) to ensure that the correct ?le has been provided or
uploaded to the system. In accordance with one embodiment,
element can be de?ned per movie.
A video type 710 can be used to indicate how the media
20
a hashing function can be used on the ?le to determine
whether the resulting value matches the checksum value that
was provided in the metadata.
25
The metadata can also include a preview start time 650,
which enables a content provider to specify a custom start
time for a preview video. For instance, the preview start time
650 can specify a number of seconds from program start at
30
which a preview video is to begin. A vendor offer code 652
can be used as an identi?er for accounting purposes.
In one embodiment, a product element 654 de?nes a prod
uct for each territory in which a video is to be sold. For
instance, a territory 656 attribute can be used to identify a
(UPC) can be used as the vendor identi?er 714. In one
embodiment, the vendor identi?er may consist of uppercase
35
40
ies or from an AMG Movie Overview page.
A title 722 can be used to uniquely identify the title of the
?lm contained in the video. An original release year 724 can
identify the year the ?lm was originally released for public
45
can be assumed that the video can be sold inde?nitely. A
cleared for sale attribute 662 can indicate whether the video is
cleared for sale. For instance, the media submission and dis
tribution system can ascertain whether the video is cleared for
sale according to contracts with the content provider.
FIGS. 7A-B together illustrate an example of metadata
providing information for use in generating a digital media
?le including a feature ?lm for distribution. The metadata can
include a plurality of attributes. In order to ensure that the
metadata can be parsed, it may be desirable to indicate the
manner in which the document is generated and/or encoded.
As shown in FIG. 7, a processing instruction 702 can be used
to de?ne the character encoding of the document that is sub
mitted. For instance, the processing instruction 702 can indi
cate that the document is encoded via UTF-8 encoding. In
alphanumeric characters, the underscore mark, and dashes.
An ISAN identi?er 716 and UPC 718 can also be separately
identi?ed. The UPC 718 can be used if the ?lm is sold as
physical media in stores. In addition, an All Movie Guide
Video ID (AMGV_ID) 720 can be provided. The AMG V_ID
can be obtained from anAMG Database Dictionary for Mov
The metadata can further include a sales start date 658
longer be made available for purchase (e.g., via an online
media store). In one embodiment, if no value is speci?ed, it
system. For instance, a value such as an International Stan
dardAudiovisual Number (ISAN) or Universal Product Code
territory. As one example, the territory 656 can specify a
territory country code, such as “US.” World-wide clearances
can be speci?ed using a World-wide country code “WW.”
specifying a date that the video is to be made available for sale
to customers. In one embodiment, if this element is omitted,
the video can be assumed to be for sale immediately. A sales
end date 660 can similarly specify a date that the video can no
submission and distribution system should process the video.
For instance, the video type 710 can indicate that the media
content being submitted is a ?lm. More particularly, in one
embodiment, the video type is “?lm” for feature ?lms or
“short” for short ?lms under one hour in length.
A production company attribute 712 can be used to identify
a customer presentable name of the production company that
created the ?lm. For instance, the production company can be
“Paramount Pictures.”
A vendor identi?er 714 can be used to identify the video
separately from any other video submitted by a content pro
vider. The vendor identi?er 714 can be used to uniquely
identify the video in the media submission and distribution
viewing in the theater, on television, or on physical media. A
country of origin 726 can identify the country in which the
?lm was primarily produced.
One or more genres 728 can be identi?ed for a ?lm. For
instance, a possible genre can beAction & Adventure, Anime,
50
Classics, Comedy, Documentary, Drama, Foreign, Horror,
Independent, Kids & Family, Music, Romance, Sci-Fi &
Fantasy, Short Films, Special Interest, Thriller, Sports, West
ern, or Urban.
One or more ratings 730 can be speci?ed for the media
55
content being submitted. For instance, the MPAA system
supports the following ratings: General Audience (G), GP,
Parental Guidance Suggested (PG), Parents Strongly Cau
tioned (PG-13), M, Restricted®, No One 17 and Under
Admitted (NC-17), X, and Unrated (UR). A system attribute
60
can be used to specify the MPAA rating system. A reason
addition, a package container version 704 can indicate a ver
attribute can also be provided, which indicates a reason for the
sion of the speci?cation to which the metadata conforms. For
instance, the version can indicate that the metadata conforms
indicate that a ?lm was “Rated PG-13 for drug content, some
speci?ed rating. For example, a reason for a PG-13 rating may
to a ?lm speci?cation, as well as the speci?ed version of the
?lm speci?cation. For example, the version “?lm2.1” can be
used to indicate that the metadata conforms to version 2.1 of
the ?lm speci?cation.
65
sensuality and war violence.”
A copyright 732 can also be speci?ed for the video. In one
embodiment, the copyright 732 is provided in the format
“year” followed by “owner.”
US 7,827,162 B2
11
12
Information associated with the cast 734 of a ?lm can also
instance, a territory 770 attribute can be used to identify a
territory. As one example, the territory 770 can specify a
be speci?ed. For instance, cast actors can be listed along with
the character name portrayed by the actor. The name of an
actor can be provided where the last name comes ?rst. In
addition, the actor’s name can also be speci?ed in the manner
territory country code, such as “US.” World-wide clearances
can be speci?ed using a World-wide country code “WW.”
in which it would naturally be displayed (e.g., where the ?rst
the media submission and distribution system for distributing
name comes before the last name). An All Movie Guide
person ID assigned to the actor can also be speci?ed. If an
media content. In the contracts, a wholesale price tier can be
The content provider can have one or more contracts with
identi?ed. Thus, a wholesale price tier 772 identifying a
wholesale price tier for the video can be speci?ed.
If it is possible to pre-order the media content, a pre-order
actor requires top billing for the ?lm, a billing attribute can
indicate that the actor requires top billing.
Similarly, information associated with the crew 736 can
also be speci?ed. For instance, crew members can be listed
sales start date 774 indicating a date on which a pre-order
should become available (e. g., in the territory that the product
is for) can be speci?ed. The pre-order can end (and ful?ll) on
the regular sales start date of the product. If a pre-order sales
along with the role (e. g., Director) that they performed. The
name of a crew member can be provided where the last name
comes ?rst. In addition, the crew member’ s name can also be
start date 774 is not speci?ed, a pre-order is not available (e. g.,
speci?ed in the manner in which it would naturally be dis
played (e. g., where the ?rst name comes before the last
name). An All Movie Guide person ID assigned to the crew
within the speci?ed territory for the product).
The metadata can further include a sales start date 776
member can also be speci?ed. If a crew member such as the
Director requires top billing for the ?lm, a billing attribute can
indicate that the crew member requires top billing.
A synopsis 738 including a general summary of the ?lm’s
content and story line can be provided.
An asset description 740 may describe the delivered assets
for the ?lm. If video source material is delivered electroni
cally, the metadata can include a data ?le element (e.g., tag)
for each ?le being submitted. For instance, a ?le name 742
and ?le size 744 can be speci?ed. The ?le name 742 should
include the ?le name extension (e.g., mpg). In addition, a
checksum 746 can be provided, enabling the media submis
sion and distribution system to ensure that the correct ?le has
20
25
tent provider.
30
Often, videos such as movies are divided into chapters for
easy access by viewers. Thus, chaptering information for one
or more chapters associated with the media content can also
been provided or uploaded to the system. Similarly, a poster
be submitted. For instance, the chaptering information can be
image can be identi?ed by ?le name 748. A checksum 750
provided in the same or a different XML ?le.
corresponding to the poster image ?le can also be speci?ed.
Bonus material 752 can also be submitted. Bonus material
specifying a date that the video is to be made available for sale
to customers. If this element is omitted, the video can be
assumed to be for sale immediately. A sales end date 778 can
similarly specify a date that the video can no longer be made
available for purchase (e.g., via an online media store). If no
value is speci?ed, it can be assumed that the video can be sold
inde?nitely. A cleared for sale attribute 780 can indicate
whether the video is cleared for sale. For instance, the media
submission and distribution system can ascertain whether the
video is cleared for sale according to contracts with the con
35
752 can be identi?ed by ?lename, for example. Bonus mate
rial 752 can include, for example, material such as a video
showing the making of the ?lm, or additional footage not
shown in the ?lm. Alternatively, the bonus material 752 could
Chaptering information can be submitted in conformance
with a chaptering metadata format. As shown in FIG. 7B, a
chapters version 782 can indicate a version of the chaptering
metadata format in use. For instance, the chapters version 782
can be version 1.
A chapter element can de?ne a chapter in the provided
include a digital booklet or an interactive booklet. A vendor 40
media by specifying a chapter start time 784. More particu
identi?er 754 can be used as an identi?er for the bonus mate
rial. Vendor identi?er 754 can be unique with respect to other
vendor identi?ers of any other bonus material in the same
package. Vendor identi?er 754 can be used to relate bonus
material updates (e.g., sent in a package after the initial pack
45
age delivery) to the correct item of bonus material. As long as
the vendor identi?er is speci?ed, any other attribute of the
bonus material, including the ?le name, can be changed. In
one embodiment, if a vendor identi?er 754 is not speci?ed,
the ?le name of the bonus asset can be used implicitly as the
ing at 1. In addition, a chapter picture ?lename 788 identify
50
A package such as that illustrated in FIG. 6 or FIGS. 7A-B
can be submitted for use in submitting a media item to media
submission and distribution system. Once submitted, updates
55
bonus material among other items within the same volume
60
track number can be unique across all track items in the
package. A pre-order only 764 attribute can indicate whether
the bonus material item is only made available to customers
who purchase the pre-order. A bonus ?le name 766 identi?es
the ?le that contains the bonus material being submitted.
In one embodiment, a product element 768 de?nes a prod
uct for each territory in which a video is to be sold. For
can be submitted using the same package format.
Metadata such as that described above with reference to
FIGS. 6-7B can be provided in the form of one or more XML
the bonus material can also be speci?ed foruse in ordering the
within the package. In other words, the volume number and
ing a ?le including an image to be used to represent the
chapter can be provided.
vendor identi?er and therefore cannot be changed. In other
words, submission of additional bonus material would result
in a second item of bonus material being added. A name 756
of the bonus material that can be provided for display in an
online media store can be provided, as well as any copyright
758 of the bonus material. In addition, a volume number 760
of the bonus material can be submitted. Atrack number 762 of
larly, the start time 784 indicates the start time of that chapter
in the video stream. For example, the start time can be speci
?ed in hours, minutes, and seconds in a format such as hours:
minuteszseconds. A chapter title 786 associated with the
chapter can also be provided. If no chapter title 786 is pro
vided, a default title such as “Chapter n” can be displayed
upon viewing the media, where n is the chapter number start
?les. FIG. 8 is a diagram illustrating an example XML ?le
including metadata of a package for use in generating a digital
media ?le including a television episode. More particularly,
different metadata tags can be used to identify the various
metadata attributes such as those described above with refer
ence to FIG. 6. As shown in this example, XML ?le 800 can
include an <XML version> tag 802 identifying the processing
65
instruction 602. In addition, a <package version> tag 804 can
identify the package container version 604, while a <pro
vider> tag 806 identi?es the content provider 606.
US 7,827,162 B2
13
14
For each video being submitted with the package, a differ
ent set of corresponding XML tags and associated values can
be provided. In this example, a <video> tag 808 can be used
hardware and software. The invention can also be embodied
as computer readable code on a computer readable medium.
to indicate the beginning of the video element 608, as well as
the end of the video element 608. A <type> tag 810 can
include the video type 610. Similarly, a <network name> tag
that can store data which can thereafter be read by a computer
The computer readable medium is any data storage device
system. Examples of the computer readable medium include
read-only memory, random-access memory, CD-ROMs,
DVDs, magnetic tape, and optical data storage devices. The
812, <vendor id> tag 814, <episode production number> tag
816, <series name> tag 818, <title> tag 820, <container id>
computer readable medium can also be distributed over net
tag 822, <container position> tag 824, <release date> tag 826,
work-coupled computer systems so that the computer read
and <original release year> tag 828 can identify the corre
able code is stored and executed in a distributed fashion.
The advantages of the invention are numerous. Different
sponding network name 612, vendor identi?er 614, episode
production number 616, series name 618, title 620, container
ID 622, container position 624, release date 626, and original
release year 628.
A <genres> tag 830 can be used to delineate the genres
section of the metadata content as set forth above with respect
to 630. For each genre, a <genre> tag 832 can be provided.
Another <genres> tag 834 can be used to designate the end of
the genres section of the metadata content.
A <ratings> tag 836 can be used to delineate the ratings
section of the metadata content. A <rating> tag 838 can be
used to specify each rating value, as set forth above with
respect to 632 of FIG. 6. Similarly, an <advisory> tag 840 can
embodiments or implementations may, but need not, yield
one or more of the following advantages. One advantage of
the invention is that media items are able to be generated (e. g.,
encoded) from a subset of media data provided in a plurality
of data ?les. Another advantage of the invention is that infor
mation supporting the generation of media items can be
uploaded in a package format that identi?es the plurality of
20
be used to specify each advisory 634. Another <ratings> tag
842 can be used to designate the end of the ratings section of
25
the metadata content.
A <copyright> tag 844 can be used to identify a copyright
636. In addition, a <short description> tag 846 can be used to
642. A <?le name> tag 852 can be used to de?ne the ?le name
644. In addition, a <size> tag 854 can be used to de?ne the
size 64 of the data ?le, while a <checksum> tag 856 can be
30
The invention claimed is:
1. A system for using a package to generate at least one
35
above at 648. Another <data ?le> tag 858 can be used to
designate the end of the data ?le section of the metadata
40
information identifying a plurality of data ?les, each of
the plurality of data ?les including media content,
wherein one or more of the plurality of attributes for the
metadata content includes associated tag and associ
ated data, and wherein at least one or more of the
45
plurality of attributes for the metadata content
includes information in?uencing how the media con
tent in the plurality of data ?les can be processed to
generate one or more digital media content assets; and
a digital media asset server con?gured to receive the pack
50
age and generate the one or more digital media content
assets using at least a portion the metadata content in the
package and at least a subset of the plurality of data ?les
identi?ed by the information in the package, and
wherein the processing to generate the one or more
55
digital media content assets is dependent on the infor
mation in?uencing how the media content in the plural
ity of data ?les can be processed,
described with reference to FIG. 6. A similar XML ?le can be
generated for use in specifying information for a ?lm in
accordance with a format such as that described above with
reference to FIGS. 7A-B.
wherein two or more of the plurality of data ?les are com
bined to form a single electronic ?le when generating at
60
least one of the one or more digital media content assets,
and
tations of the invention described above can be used alone or
in various combinations. The media items can pertain to
podcast episodes, audio items (e.g., audio ?les or songs, such
as for music or audiobooks), video items (e.g., video ?les,
television episodes or movies), or image items (e.g., photos).
downloadable digital media content asset, comprising:
a package generator con?gured to generate the package,
the package including: metadata content having a plu
rality of attributes;
content.
The various aspects, features, embodiments or implemen
Hence, all suitable modi?cations and equivalents may be
resorted to as falling within the scope of the invention.
used to de?ne a calculated checksum value as described
A <preview starttime> tag 860 can be used to de?ne the
preview start time 650. Similarly, a <vendor offer code> tag
862 can be used to identify the vendor offer code 652.
A <products> tag 864 can be used to delineate the products
section of the metadata. For each product element 654, a
<product> tag 866 can be provided, followed by a <territory>
tag 868, <sales start date> tag 870, <sales end date> tag 872,
and/ or <cleared for sale> tag 874, corresponding to the terri
tory 656, sales start date 658, sales end date 660, and/or
cleared for sale indicator 662 that are provided in the meta
data. Another <product> tag 876 can be used to de?ne the end
of the information for a single product, while another <prod
ucts> tag 878 can be used to de?ne the end of the products
section of the metadata.
The example described above with reference to FIG. 8 is
directed to a television episode in accordance with the format
The many features and advantages of the present invention
are apparent from the written description and, thus, it is
intended by the appended claims to cover all such features
and advantages of the invention. Further, since numerous
modi?cations and changes will readily occur to those skilled
in the art, the invention should not be limited to the exact
construction and operation as illustrated and described.
provide a short description 838, while a <long description>
tag 848 can be used to provide a long description 840.
For each data ?le that is provided, a <data ?le> tag 850 can
be used to de?ne the data ?le section as described above at
data ?les. For instance, the package can include a metadata
?le that identi?es the data ?les, as well as de?ne the manner
in which the data ?les can be used to generate a digital media
item.
wherein, using the plurality of ?les within the same pack
age, two or more of the one or more digital media content
The invention is preferably implemented by software, but
assets are able to be generated by the digital media asset
server, whereby the media content assets being gener
ated from the plurality of ?les within the same package
can also be implemented in hardware or a combination of
are able to different and thus tailored for different users.
65
US 7,827,162 B2
15
16
2. The system as recited in claim 1, wherein the package
24. The system as recited in claim 23, wherein the metadata
content further includes a title of the episode.
25. The system as recited in claim 1, wherein the metadata
includes one or more metadata ?les including the metadata
content, wherein the metadata content identi?es one or more
of the plurality of data ?les.
3. The system as recited in claim 1, wherein the package
further includes the plurality of data ?les.
4. The system as recited in claim 1, wherein the plurality of
data ?les include a ?le including closed captioning informa
tion.
5. The package system as recited in claim 1, wherein the
content includes a container identi?er and a container posi
tion, wherein the container identi?er identi?es a season for a
television series or sporting event and wherein the container
position identi?es an episode within the season.
26. The system as recited in claim 1, wherein the metadata
content includes a video type.
27. The system as recited in claim 26, wherein the video
type is tv and wherein the media content includes a television
metadata content identi?es one or more chapters.
6. The system as recited in claim 5, wherein each of the
chapters is identi?ed by a title and has a corresponding start
time.
7. The system as recited in claim 5, wherein each of the
chapters has an image associated therewith, and wherein the
plurality of data ?les include an image ?le for each image.
8. The system as recited in claim 1, wherein the metadata
content identi?es a territory in which the digital media con
tent asset is to be made available.
episode, sporting event, or commercial.
28. The system as recited in claim 26, wherein the video
type indicates that the media content is a ?lm.
29. The system as recited in claim 1, wherein the metadata
content identi?es a content provider that provided the pack
age.
30. The system as recited in claim 1, wherein the metadata
content includes an identi?er that identi?es the media con
20 tent.
9. The system as recited in claim 1, wherein the metadata
31. The system as recited in claim 1, wherein the metadata
content includes one or more ratings associated with the
content includes at least one of a sales start date indicating a
media content, each of the ratings being associated with a
date that the digital media content asset is available for sale, a
sales end date indicating a date that the digital media content
different rating system.
10. The system as recited in claim 9, wherein each of the
rating systems is associated with a country or region within a
25
country.
11. The system as recited in claim 1, wherein the metadata
content includes one or more advisories.
12. The system as recited in claim 1, wherein the metadata
30
content identi?es at least one genre in which the media con
content includes a checksum for one or more of the plurality
tent has been categorized.
13. The system as recited in claim 1, wherein the plurality
of data ?les.
34. A program storage device readable by a machine tan
of data ?les include one or more audio ?les.
14. The system as recited in claim 1, wherein the plurality
of data ?les include an audio ?le including surround sound.
15. The system as recited in claim 1, wherein the plurality
35
of data ?les include one or more audio ?les associated with
one or more languages in which the media content can be
presented.
40
16. The system as recited in claim 1, wherein the plurality
of data ?les include one or more audio ?les associated with
different soundtracks in the same language, wherein one or
more of the different soundtracks can be selected to accom
pany the media content.
17. The system as recited in claim 1, wherein the metadata
gibly embodying a program of instructions executable by the
machine to perform a method for using a package to generate
at least one downloadable digital media content asset, the
method comprising:
generating the package, by a package generator, the pack
age including:
metadata content; and
information identifying a plurality of data ?les, each of
the plurality of data ?les including media content;
wherein one or more of the plurality of attributes for the
45
metadata content includes associated tag and associ
ated data, and wherein at least one or more of the
plurality of attributes for the metadata content
includes information in?uencing how the media con
tent in the plurality of data ?les are processed when
content includes subtitle information identifying one or more
of the plurality of data ?les including one or more timed text
tracks.
18. The system as recited in claim 17, wherein the timed
asset is no longer available for sale, or an indication as to
whether the media content is cleared for distribution.
32. The system as recited in claim 1, wherein the metadata
content includes a pre-order sale start date indicating a date on
which a pre-order can be submitted for the media content.
33. The system as recited in claim 1, wherein the metadata
50
generating one or more digital media content assets;
receiving the package at a digital media asset server; and
text tracks are provided in one or more languages.
19. The system as recited in claim 18, wherein the timed
generating the one or more digital media content assets
text tracks are in the same language but represent two or more
using at least a portion the metadata content in the pack
age and at least a subset of the plurality of data ?les
levels of subtitling.
20. The system as recited in claim 1, wherein the plurality
of data ?les include bonus material.
21. The system as recited in claim 20, wherein the metadata
content further indicates whether the bonus material is avail
able to customers who purchase a pre-order.
22. The system as recited in claim 1, wherein the media
55
digital media content assets is dependent on the infor
mation in?uencing how the media content in the plural
ity of data ?les are processed,
60
least one of the one or more digital media content assets,
and
23. The system as recited in claim 1, wherein the metadata
production number identi?es an episode in the series.
wherein two or more of the plurality of data ?les are com
bined to form a single electronic ?le when generating at
content includes at least one of music, video, a television
episode, or a ?lm.
content includes a series name and an episode production
number, wherein the series name identi?es a television series,
sporting event season or commercial and wherein the episode
identi?ed by the information in the package, and
wherein the processing to generate the one or more
wherein, using the plurality of ?les within the same pack
65
age, two or more of the one or more digital media content
assets are able to be generated by the digital media asset
server, whereby the media content assets being gener
US 7,827,162 B2
17
18
ated from the plurality of ?les Within the same package
more of the plurality of data ?les being combined to form the
are able to different and thus tailored for different users.
at least one of the one or more digital media content assets.
35. A program storage device readable as recited in claim
34, Wherein said generating comprises encoding the two or
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UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE
CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION
PATENT NO.
: 7,827,162 B2
APPLICATION NO.
: 11/786031
: November 2, 2010
: Jason Robert Suitts et a1.
DATED
INVENTOR(S)
Page 1 of2
It is certified that error appears in the above-identi?ed patent and that said Letters Patent is hereby corrected as shown below:
In column 3, line 14, delete “leels” and insert -- levels --, therefor.
In column 3, line 14, delete “sae” and insert -- same --, therefor.
In column 6, line 26, after “?le(s)” insert -- . --.
In column 9, line 19, delete “(e.g., mpg).” and insert -- (e. g., .mpg). --, therefor.
In column 11, line 29, delete “(e.g., mpg).” and insert -- (e. g., .mpg). --, therefor.
In column 14, lines 34-67, in Claim 1, delete “A system for using a package to generate at least one
downloadable digital media content asset, comprising:
a package generator configured to generate the package, the package including: metadata content
having a plurality of attributes;
information identifying a plurality of data ?les, each of the plurality of data ?les including
media content,
wherein one or more of the plurality of attributes for the metadata content includes associated tag and
associated data, and wherein at least one or more of the plurality of attributes for the metadata content
includes information in?uencing how the media content in the plurality of data ?les can be processed
to generate one or more digital media content assets; and
a digital media asset server configured to receive the package and generate the one or more
digital media content assets using at least a portion the metadata content in the package and at least a
subset of the plurality of data ?les identified by the information in the package, and
wherein the processing to generate the one or more digital media content assets is dependent
on the information in?uencing how the media content in the plurality of data ?les can be processed,
wherein two or more of the plurality of data ?les are combined to form a single electronic ?le
when generating at least one of the one or more digital media content assets, and
wherein, using the plurality of ?les within the same package, two or more of the one or more
digital media content assets are able to be generated by the digital media asset server, whereby the
Signed and Sealed this
Fifteenth Day of November, 2011
David J. Kappos
Director 0fthe United States Patent and Trademark O?ice
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