285SB - Bayliner Parts

285SB - Bayliner Parts
Date of Purchase: _________________________________________________
Engine Serial Number: _____________________________________________
Hull Identification Number:__________________________________________
Hull Identification Number
 The Hull Identification Number (HIN) is located just below the
deck gunnel at the starboard aft corner of the boat.
 Record the HIN (and the engine serial number) in the space
provided above.
 Include the HIN with any correspondence or orders.
© 2011 Bayliner Technical Publications. All rights reserved.
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in any retrieval system, or transmitted in any form by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying,
recording or otherwise, without prior written permission of Bayliner.
Printed in the United States of America.
General Notes
The material in this document is for information only and is subject to change without notice. While reasonable efforts have been made in the preparation of this
document to assure its accuracy, Bayliner assumes no liability resulting from errors or omissions in this document, or from the use of information contained herein.
Due to our commitment to product improvement, Bayliner reserves the right to make changes in the product design, specifications, and equipment at any time
without notice or obligation. Illustrations and/or photos may show optional equipment.
All Bayliner products meet or exceed USCG (United States Coast Guard) and/or NMMA (National Marine Manufacturer’s Association) construction standards.
Manufactured with 1,1,1 Trichloroethane, a substance which harms public health and environment during the manufacturing process by destroying ozone in the
upper atmosphere.
Proprietary Rights
This document discloses subject matter in which Bayliner has proprietary rights. The information and design disclosed herein were originated by and are the property of Bayliner. Neither receipt nor possession thereof confers or transfers any right to reproduce, copy, alter or disclose the document or any part thereof, any
information contained therein, or to construct boats or any item from it, except by written permission from or written agreement with Bayliner. This document is to
be returned upon request to Bayliner.
CONTENTS
Chapter 1: Welcome Aboard! 1
Chapter 4: Controls & Gauges 28
Dealer Service 1
Warranty Information 1
Boating Experience 1
Safety Standards 2
Qualified Maintenance 3
Special Care for Moored Boats 3
Engine & Accessory Guidelines & Literature 4
Steering 28
Shift/Throttle Controls 28
Power Trim & Tilt 28
Trim Tabs 28
Bow Thruster (If Equipped) 28
Gauges 29
Propeller 4
Basic Boat Dimensions & Capacities 5
Extended Swim Platform Structural Limitations 5
Boat Lifting 6
Carbon Monoxide (CO) 7
CO Facts 7
Factors that Increase the Effects of CO Poisoning 7
Where & How CO Can Accumulate 8
How to Protect Yourself & Others From CO 9
CO Checklists 9
CO Monitors 10
More Information 10
Chapter 2: Locations 11
Exterior Views 11
Hull Views 11
Deck View 12
Helm 13
Warning Labels 14
Helm Area & Forward Deck 14
Cockpit & Aft Deck 15
Interior Areas 16
Component Locations 17
Cleaning the Gauges 29
Gauge Fogging 29
Radio Transmission Interference 29
Fuel Gauge 29
Chapter 5: Navigation &
Communication Equipment 30
Depth Finder 30
VHF Radio (If Equipped) 30
Global Positioning System (GPS) (If Equipped) 30
Chapter 6: Plumbing 31
Bilge Pumps 31
Bilge Pump Testing 32
Built-in Autofloat Switch Testing 32
Seawater Systems 33
Seacocks 33
Seawater Strainers 33
Freshwater System 34
Transom Shower 34
Freshwater System Winterization 35
Water Heater (If Equipped) 36
Winterizing the Water Heater 37
Preparing the Water Heater for Use After Winterizing 38
Drain Systems 39
Chapter 3: Propulsion & Related Systems 23
Fire Extinguisher Port 23
Engine 24
Bilge Blower System 24
Fuel System 25
Fuel Fill & Vent 26
Anti-siphon Valve (Gas Engine Only) 26
Gas Engine Fuel Filters 27
Diesel Engine Fuel Filter/Water Separator 27
Deck Drains 39
Sink Drains 39
Shower Drain System (If Equipped) 39
Marine Head & Holding Tank 40
Winterizing the System 40
Holding Tank Cleaning Tip 40
Manual Flush Head (If Equipped) 41
Vacuum Flush Head System (If Equipped) 42
Macerator (If Equipped) 43
Air Conditioner (If Equipped) 44
Chapter 7: Deck Equipment 45
Chapter 10: Electrical System 52
Cleats & Bow/Stern Eyes 45
Windlass (If Equipped) 45
Canvas & Vinyl Tops & Enclosures 46
12-Volt DC System 53
Canvas Care 46
Clear Vinyl Care 47
Chapter 8: Appliances &
Entertainment Systems 49
Alcohol/110-Volt Electric Stove (If Equipped) 49
Refrigerator (If Equipped) 50
Audio Equipment 50
Chapter 9: Lights 51
Care & Maintenance 51
Interior & Exterior Lights 51
Spotlight (If Equipped) 51
Navigation Lights 51
Batteries 53
Battery Switch 53
Battery Switch Positions 53
Fuses & Circuit Breakers 54
12-Volt DC Accessory Outlets 54
Alternator 54
Battery Charger 54
110-Volt AC System 55
Shore Power 56
Connecting to Shore Power 57
Parallel Switch 57
Generator 58
Electrical Harnesses & Schematics 60
120V Single Shore Power AC Panel 60
120V Single Shore Power Architecture 64
120V Single Shore Power w/Generator Architecture 65
120V Dual Shore Power Architecture 66
120V Dual Shore Power w/Generator Architecture 67
12V Deck Harness 68
12V Hull Harness 69
12V Helm Harness 70
12V Galley Harness 71
12V Engine Harness 71
12V Breaker Panel Harness 72
12V Head Harness 73
Important Records 74
Float Plan 75
Hazard Boxes & Symbols
The hazard boxes and symbols shown below are used throughout this supplement to call attention to potentially dangerous situations which could lead to either personal injury or product damage. Read all warnings carefully and follow all safety instructions.
!
DANGER!
This box alerts you to immediate hazards which WILL cause severe personal injury or death if
the warning is ignored.
!
WA R N I N G !
This box alerts you to hazards or unsafe practices which COULD result in severe personal
injury or death if the warning is ignored.
!
CAUTION
This box alerts you to hazards or unsafe practices which COULD result in minor personal
injury or cause product or property damage if the warning is ignored.
NOTICE
This box calls attention to installation, operation or maintenance information, which is important to proper operation but is not hazard related.
FIRE
HAZARD!
EXPLOSION
HAZARD!
FALLING
HAZARD!
NO OPEN
FLAME!
ROTATING
PROPELLER HAZARD!
ELECTRICAL
HAZARD!
HOT
HAZARD!
RUN BILGE BLOWERS
FOR 4 MINUTES!
CO POISONING
HAZARD!
285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 1: Welcome Aboard!
 This Owner’s Manual Supplement provides specific information about your boat that is not covered in the Cruiser
& Yacht Owner’s Manual.
 The Cruiser & Yacht Owner’s Manual contains general information about safe operating practices, general boating regulations, and general maintenance techniques. Information that is more specific to your particular boat is
found in this Owner’s Manual Supplement.
 Before using your boat, study this Owner’s Manual Supplement, the Cruiser & Yacht Owner’s Manual, and all
engine and accessory literature carefully. If similar instructions are found in more than one manual, always refer
to the specific manufacturer’s manual (such as the engine manual) for the most complete and
accurate information.
 Keep this Owner’s Manual Supplement and the Cruiser & Yacht Owner’s Manual on your boat in a secure, yet
readily available place.
Dealer Service






Your dealer is your key to service.
Ask your dealer to explain all systems before taking delivery of your boat.
Contact your dealer if you have any problems with your new boat.
If your dealer cannot help, call our customer service hotline: 360-435-8957 or send us a FAX: 360-403-4235.
Buy replacement parts from any authorized Bayliner dealer.
You can access on-line parts catalogs, links to vendor websites, and other helpful features by logging on
to www.baylinercustomercare.com.
Warranty Information
 Bayliner offers a Limited Warranty on each new Bayliner purchased through an authorized Bayliner dealer.
 A copy of the Limited Warranty was included in your owner’s packet.
 If you did not get a copy of the Limited Warranty, please contact your Bayliner dealer or call 360-435-8957 for
a copy.
Boating Experience
!
WA R N I N G !
CONTROL HAZARD!
An experienced operator MUST be in control of your boat at ALL times. Do NOT operate your
boat while under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
If this is your first boat or if you are changing to a type of boat you are not familiar with, for your own comfort and
safety, get handling and operating experience before assuming command of your boat.
Take one of the boating safety classes offered by the U.S. Power Squadrons or the U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary. For
more course information, including dates and locations of upcoming classes, contact the organizations directly:
 U.S. Power Squadrons: 1-888-FOR-USPS (1-888-367-8777) or on the Internet at: www.usps.org
 In Canada, for the CPS courses call 1-888-CPS-BOAT.
 U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary: 1-800-368-5647 or on the Internet at: www.cgaux.org
Outside the United States, your selling dealer, national sailing federation, or local boat club can advise you of local
sea schools or competent instructors.
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Safety Standards
!
DANGER!
FALLING & ROTATING PROPELLER HAZARD!
 NEVER allow anyone to ride on parts of your
boat NOT designed for such use.
 Sitting on seat-backs, lounging on the forward
deck, bow riding, gunwale riding or occupying
the transom platform while underway is especially hazardous and WILL cause personal
injury or death.
FALLING, ROTATING PROPELLER & CARBON
MONOXIDE POISONING HAZARD!
 NEVER allow anyone to occupy, or hang from,
the back deck or transom platform while the
engine is running.
 Teak surfing, dragging, or water skiing within
20 feet of a moving watercraft can be fatal.
PERSONAL SAFETY HAZARD!
 ALWAYS secure the anchor and other loose
objects BEFORE getting underway.
 The anchor and other items that are NOT
properly secured can come loose when your
boat is moving and cause personal injury or
death.
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Chapter 1: Welcome Aboard!
!
WA R N I N G !
A wide variety of components used on this vessel contain or emit chemicals known to the State
of California to cause cancer and birth defects and other reproductive harm.
Examples Include:
 Engine and generator exhaust
 Engine/generator fuel, and other liquids such as coolants and oil, especially used motor oil
 Cooking fuels
 Cleaners, paints, and substances used for vessel repair
 Waste materials that result from wear of vessel components
 Lead from battery terminals and from other sources such as ballast or fishing sinkers
To Avoid Harm:
 Keep away from engine, generator, and cooking fuel exhaust fumes.
 Wash exposed skin thoroughly with soap and water after handling the substances above.
Your boat’s mechanical and electrical systems were designed to meet all safety standards in effect at the time it was
built. These standards help insure your safety and the safety of other people, vessels and property.
Read this supplement, the Cruiser & Yacht Owner’s Manual, the engine owner’s manual, and all accessory instructions for important safety standards and hazard information.
Qualified Maintenance
!
WA R N I N G !
To maintain the safety of your boat, allow ONLY trained personnel to work on, or change in
any way, the:
 Steering System
 Fuel System
 Electrical System
 Propulsion System
 Environmental Control
 Navigation System
System
 Engine Control System
 CO Monitor(s)
Failure to maintain your boat’s systems (listed in the warning above) as designed could violate the laws in your jurisdiction and could expose yourself and others to the danger of bodily injury or accidental death.
Follow the maintenance instructions in:
 This Owner’s Manual Supplement
 The engine owner’s manual, and;
 The Cruiser & Yacht Owner’s Manual
 All accessory literature.
Special Care for Moored Boats
NOTICE
 Applying an epoxy barrier coating to the hull bottom will help prevent gel coat blistering
while your boat is moored.
 Cover the barrier coating with several coats of anti-fouling paint.
 Many states have environmental standards regulating the chemical content of bottom
paints. Your local dealer can recommend bottom paints approved for use in your state.
 While moored, your boat’s hull bottom will collect marine growth that not only looks bad, but also reduces performance, and could damage the gelcoat.
 As often as needed for your area, haul your boat out of the water and scrub the hull bottom with a bristle brush and
soap and water.
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Engine & Accessory Guidelines & Literature
NOTICE
 BEFORE starting or working on your engine, read the engine manual.
 BEFORE using the accessories on your boat, read the accessory manuals.
 BEFORE storing your boat, refer to your engine and accessory manuals for storage/winterization instructions.
 Certain modifications to your boat WILL result in cancellation of your warranty protection.
ALWAYS check with your dealer BEFORE making any modifications to your boat.
 Your boat’s engine and accessories were selected to provide optimum performance and service.
 Installing a different engine or adding accessories may affect your boat’s running trim.
 If you choose to install a different engine or add accessories that may affect your boat’s running trim, have a
trained marine technician perform a safety inspection and handling test before using your boat again.
 The engine and accessories on your boat have their own manuals. Read these manuals before using the engine and
accessories.
Unless noted otherwise, all engine and accessory literature referred to in this supplement is included in your owner’s
packet.
While the topics listed below may be included in this supplement and in the Cruiser & Yacht Owner’s Manual,
always refer to the engine manual first for specific information on these important subjects:
 Engine Break-in Procedure
 Engine Starting and Stopping
 Gear Shifting
 Fuel and Oil Recommendations
 Engine Maintenance
 Engine Storage/Winterization
Propeller
!
CAUTION
ENGINE DAMAGE HAZARD!
The factory standard propeller may not be the best for your particular boat and load conditions. Refer to the engine manual for engine RPM ratings. The engine should reach, but not
exceed its full rated RPM when full-throttle is applied.
Immediately contact your local Bayliner dealer if:
 The engine cannot reach its full rated RPM when full-throttle is applied, or;
 The engine exceeds its full rated RPM when full-throttle is applied.
 Keep the propeller in good repair and at the correct pitch for your particular situation.
 A slightly bent or nicked propeller will adversely affect the performance of your boat.
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Chapter 1: Welcome Aboard!
Basic Boat Dimensions & Capacities
(A) Overall Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28' 7" 8.71 m
With Opt. Swim Platform. . . . . . . . . .31'1" 9.47 m
(B) Beam (Width). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9' 11" 3.02 m
(C) Draft (Stern Drive Down) . . . . . .39.5"* 100.3 cm*
(D) Draft (Stern Drive Up). . . . . . . . .25"* 63.5 cm*
(E) Overall Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13' 5" 4.08 m
(F) Waterline to Top of Arch . . . . . . .10' 1" 3.07 m
(G) Waterline to Top of Windshield. .6' 9" 2.05 m
Dry Weight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7,867 lbs. 3,568 kg.
Fuel Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 gal. 337 liters
Holding Tank Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . 30 gal. 114 liters
Water Capacity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 gal. 106 liters
Dead Rise. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17°
* MINIMUM WATER DEPTH TO PREVENT RUNNING AGROUND
Extended Swim Platform Structural Limitations
The extended swim platform is designed to be lightweight for proper boat balance. The load limit for the extended
swim platform is 30 pounds per square foot, evenly distributed.
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Boat Lifting
!
WA R N I N G !
PERSONAL INJURY and/or PRODUCT or PROPERTY DAMAGE HAZARD!
 Lifting slings can slip on the hull, which could cause serious injury or death.
 ALWAYS secure the forward lifting sling to the aft lifting sling BEFORE lifting. This will
reduce the risk of sling slippage.
!
WA R N I N G !
PERSONAL INJURY and/or PRODUCT or PROPERTY DAMAGE HAZARD!
NEVER lift any boat using the cleats, or the bow/stern eyes.
!
WA R N I N G !
PERSONAL INJURY and/or PRODUCT or PROPERTY DAMAGE HAZARD!
 Water in the bilge can shift and change the balance of the load.
 If water is present in the bilge, pump or drain the water out of the bilge areas BEFORE lifting your boat.
!
CAUTION
PRODUCT or PROPERTY DAMAGE HAZARD!
 When lifting any boat, ALWAYS use a spreader bar.
 The spreader bar MUST be equal to the width of the boat at each lifting point.
 Make sure your boat remains level during lifting. The engine can be damaged by water
ingestion if the stern is lifted higher than the bow.
 Always follow the lift equipment’s instructions and requirements.
 When lifting your boat, always position the lifting slings at the forward and aft lifting sling label positions.
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Chapter 1: Welcome Aboard!
Carbon Monoxide (CO)
!
DANGER!
 Carbon monoxide gas (CO) is colorless, odorless, tasteless, and
extremely dangerous.
 ALL engines, generators, and fuel burning appliances produce CO
as exhaust.
 Prolonged exposure to low concentrations or very quick exposure to high
concentrations WILL cause BRAIN DAMAGE or DEATH.
 Teak surfing, dragging, or water skiing within 20 feet of a moving watercraft can be fatal.
!
DANGER!
CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING HAZARD!
 NEVER use full canvas and vinyl enclosures when the engine or generator
is running.
 For proper fresh air circulation, remove forward, aft, and both side enclosure curtains BEFORE starting the engine or generator.
CO Facts
 CO poisoning causes a significant number of boating deaths each year.
 Called the "silent killer", CO is an extremely toxic, colorless, odorless and tasteless gas.
 CO can harm or even kill you inside or outside your boat.
 CO can affect you whether you’re underway, moored, or anchored.
 CO symptoms are similar to seasickness or alcohol intoxication.
 CO can make you sick in seconds. In high enough concentrations, even a few breaths can be fatal.
 Breathing CO blocks the ability of your blood to carry oxygen.
 The effects are cumulative. Even low levels of exposure can result in injury or death.
Factors that Increase the Effects of CO Poisoning
 Age
 Smokers or people exposed to high concentrations of cigarette smoke
 Consumption of alcohol
 Lung disorders
 Heart problems
 Pregnancy
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Where & How CO Can Accumulate
Stationary conditions that increase CO accumulations include:
Using engine, generator, or other fuel burning device
when boat is moored in a confined space.
Mooring too close to another boat that is using its
engine, generator, or other fuel burning device.
Running your engine or generator with full canvas
and vinyl enclosures installed.
To correct these stationary conditions:
 Close all windows, portlights and hatches.
 If possible, move your boat away from source of CO.
 Remove forward, aft, and both side enclosure curtains BEFORE starting the engine or generator.
Running conditions that increase CO accumulations include:
Running boat with trim angle of bow too high.
Running boat without through ventilation
(station wagon effect).
To correct these running conditions:
 Trim bow down.
 Open windows and canvas.
 When possible, run boat so that prevailing winds help dissipate exhaust.
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Chapter 1: Welcome Aboard!
How to Protect Yourself & Others From CO
 Know where and how CO may accumulate in and around your boat (see previous page).
 Stay away from the transom while the vessel is idling or underway – The transom is where carbon monoxide collects while idling or underway.
 Avoid Other Idling Vessels – Idling vessels produce concentrated levels of carbon monoxide.
 Always maintain fresh air circulation throughout your boat.
 Know where your engine and generator exhaust outlets are located and keep everyone away from these areas.
 Never sit on, or hang onto, the back deck or transom platform while the engine is running.
 Never enter the areas under transom platforms where exhaust outlets are located.
 Although CO can be present without the smell of exhaust fumes, if exhaust fumes are detected on your boat, take
immediate action to dissipate these fumes.
 Treat symptoms of seasickness as possible CO poisoning. Get the person into fresh air immediately. Seek medical
attention—unless you’re sure it’s not CO.
 Maintain the CO monitors that were installed inside your boat. Never ignore any alarm. Replace monitors as
recommended by the monitor manufacturer.
 Follow the CO checklists provided below.
 Get a Vessel Safety Check.
For information on how to get a free VESSEL SAFETY CHECK, visit www.vesselsafetycheck.org or contact your
local U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary or United States Power Squadrons®.
U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary: 800-368-5647 or online at: www.cgaux.org
U.S. Power Squadrons: 888-367-8777 or online at: www.usps.org
CO Checklists
Trip Checklist
Make sure you know where the exhaust outlets are located on your boat.
Educate all passengers about the symptoms of CO poisoning and where CO may accumulate.
When docked, or rafted with another boat, be aware of exhaust emissions from the other boat.
Listen for any change in exhaust sound, which could mean an exhaust component failure.
Test the operation of each CO monitor by pressing the test button.
Monthly Checklist
Make sure all exhaust clamps are in place and secure.
Look for exhaust leaking from exhaust system components. Signs include rust and/or black streaking, water
leaks, or corroded or cracked fittings.
Inspect rubber exhaust hoses for burned, cracked, or deteriorated sections. All rubber hoses should be pliable and
free of kinks.
Annual Checklist
Have a Trained Marine Technician:
Replace exhaust hoses if cracking, charring, or deterioration is found.
Ensure that your engines and generators are properly tuned, and well maintained.
Inspect each water pump impeller and the water pump housing. Replace if worn. Make sure cooling systems are
in working condition.
Inspect all metallic exhaust components for cracking, rusting, leaking, or loosening. Make sure they check the
cylinder head gasket, exhaust manifold, water injection elbow, and the threaded adapter nipple between the
manifold and the elbow.
Clean, inspect, and confirm proper operation of the generator cooling water anti-siphon valve (if equipped).
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CO Monitors
NOTICE
 The stereo memory and CO monitors place a small, but constant drain on the battery.
 Plug into shore power with the battery charger turned On whenever your boat will be unattended for an extended amount of time.
 Do not disconnect the CO monitors.
 Read the manufacturer’s instructions for your CO monitors. If you did not receive the manufacturer’s instructions, call (800) 383-0269 and they will be mailed to you.
More Information
For more information about preventing carbon monoxide poisoning on recreational boats and other boating safety
tips, contact:
United States Coast Guard
Office of Boating Safety (G-OPB-3)
2100 Second Street SW
Washington, DC 20593
www.uscgboating.org
1-800-368-5647
National Marine Manufacturers
Association (NMMA)
200 East Randolph Drive
Suite 5100
Chicago, IL 60601-9301
www.nmma.org
312-946-6200
American Boat & Yacht Council,
Inc. (ABYC)
613 Third Street
Suite 10
Annapolis, MD 21403
www.abycinc.org
410-990-4460
For information on how to get a free VESSEL SAFETY CHECK, visit www.vesselsafetycheck.org or contact your
local U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary or United States Power Squadrons®.
U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary: 800-368-5647 or online at: www.cgaux.org
U.S. Power Squadrons: 888-367-8777 or online at: www.usps.org
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Chapter 2: Locations
Exterior Views
Hull Views
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Deck View
SWIM PLATFORM
BOARDING LADDER
(IF NOT EQUIPPED
WITH EXTENDED
SWIM PLATFORM
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Chapter 2: Locations
Helm
NOTE: TYPICAL HELM LAYOUT SHOWN.
ACTUAL LAYOUT MAY VARY DEPENDING
ON ENGINE AND ACCESSORY OPTIONS.
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Chapter 2: Locations
Warning Labels
Helm Area & Forward Deck
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Chapter 2: Locations
Cockpit & Aft Deck
LOCATED ON UNDERSIDE OF ENGINE ACCESS HATCH
LOCATED INSIDE TRANSOM
STORAGE LOCKER
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Chapter 2: Locations
Interior Areas
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Chapter 2: Locations
Component Locations
12-Volt DC Accessory Outlets (3 Total):
 One is located at the helm.
 One is located in
the galley, inside
the cabinet above
the stove.
 One is located on
the port side of
the v-berth, on
the aft bulkhead.
12- Volt DC Push-to-Reset Circuit Breakers: Located below the helm dash.
110-Volt AC Panel: Located in the aft berth.
Batteries: Located on the port side of the engine room.
Battery Charger: Located on the forward wall in the engine room.
Battery Switches: Located in the transom
storage locker.
Bilge Blower Switch: Located on the helm switch panel.
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Chapter 2: Locations
Bilge Pumps (2 Total):
 The aft bilge pump is located in the engine room bilge.
 The forward bilge
pump is accessed by
first lifting the cabin
entry steps and then
removing the floor
board.
CO Monitors (2 Total):
 One is located on the ceiling in
the aft berth.
 One is located on the ceiling
above the dinette table.
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285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
CABIN ENTRY STEPS
TILTED UP
FLOOR BOARD
FORWARD
BILGE PUMP
285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 2: Locations
Freshwater Fill Deck Fitting: Located on the starboard
aft deck.
Freshwater Pump: Located on the forward wall in the engine room.
Freshwater Pump Switch: Located
behind the galley faucet.
Freshwater Tank: Access is through the forward bunk hatches located under the v-berth mattress.
Fuel Fill Deck Fitting: Located on the starboard aft corner of the deck.
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Fuel Tank: Access to the fuel
tank fittings is in the forward area
of the engine room bilge.
Gray Water Holding Tank (If Equipped): Located on the port side of the engine room.
Gray Water Pump-out Deck Fitting (If Equipped): Located on the
port side of the aft deck.
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285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 2: Locations
Macerator Underwater Discharge Seacock (If Equipped): Located in the engine room.
Macerator switches (If Equipped): Located in the side panel storage tub
next to the helm seat.
Shore Power Inlet(s) and Master Circuit
Breaker(s): Located in the transom storage locker.
Sump Pump Box:
Accessed by first lifting
the cabin entry steps and
then removing the floor
board.
CABIN ENTRY STEPS
TILTED UP
FLOOR BOARD
SUMP
PUMP BOX
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Transom Shower (If Equipped):
Located just aft of the transom gate.
TRANSOM SHOWER
Trim Tab Hydraulic Fluid Reservoir: Located on the starboard side of the engine room, on the aft wall.
Waste Holding Tank: Located on the starboard side of the engine room.
Waste Pump-out Deck Fitting: Located on the starboard aft corner
of the deck.
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285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 3: Propulsion & Related Systems
!
CAUTION
If improperly stowed, the cockpit dinette table could slide forward, making it
impossible to open the engine hatch.
To properly stow and secure the cockpit dinette table:
1. Place the table inside its vinyl storage bag.
2. Slide the bag into the space provided on the underside of the engine hatch.
3. Snap the bag to the securing snaps.
Fire Extinguisher Port
!
WA R N I N G !
FIRE and EXPLOSION HAZARD!
If you suspect a fire in the engine room, do NOT open the engine room hatch!
1. Shut down the engine, generator, and blower.
2. Immediately discharge the entire contents of a portable halon or CO2 fire extinguisher
through the fire port.
Your boat has a fire extinguisher port located on the
forward face of the aft bench seat base.
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Chapter 3: Propulsion & Related Systems
285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Engine
NOTICE
Read the engine manual BEFORE starting or working on your engine.
While the topics listed below may be included in this supplement and in the Cruiser & Yacht Owner’s Manual,
always refer to the engine manual first for specific information on these important subjects:
 Engine Break-in Procedure
 Engine Starting and Stopping
 Gear Shifting
 Fuel and Oil Recommendations
 Engine Maintenance
 Engine Storage/Winterization
Bilge Blower System
!
WA R N I N G !
FIRE and EXPLOSION HAZARD!
1.
2.


Fuel vapors can explode! BEFORE starting the engine:
Check the bilge areas for fuel vapors or leaking fuel. If you see leaking fuel or smell
fuel vapors:
a. Do NOT start the engine, do NOT turn On any electrical devices, put out ALL cigarettes,
cigars, and other sources of flame or ignition.
b. Get everyone off your boat.
c. Get trained help to find and fix the problem.
Run the bilge blowers for at least four minutes BEFORE engine starting, electrical system
work, or turning on electrical devices.
If you smell fuel vapors and the engine is already running;
a. Shut Off the engine and turn Off ALL electrical devices.
b. Put out ALL cigarettes, cigars, and other sources of flame or ignition.
c. Get trained help to find and fix the problem.
NEVER obstruct or change the bilge blower system.
The bilge blower system:
 Removes explosive vapors from engine and bilge areas.
 Draws fresh air into engine and bilge areas through the vents.
To make sure engine and bilge areas are properly ventilated:
 Use the "sniff test" to check the engine and bilge areas for fuel vapors before starting the engine.
 Run the bilge blower for at least four minutes before starting the engine.
 Keep the blower On until your boat has reached planing speed.
 Always run the blower when running your boat below planing speed.
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285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 3: Propulsion & Related Systems
Fuel System
!
WA R N I N G !
FIRE, EXPLOSION, and OPEN FLAME HAZARD!
 Thoroughly inspect the fuel system for leaks every time you take on fuel.
 Fueling instructions are provided in the Cruiser & Yacht Owner’s Manual, and fuel recommendations are provided in the engine operation manual. Carefully read this information.
!
CAUTION
Avoid the storage or handling of gear near the fuel lines, fittings and tank.
NOTICE
 On diesel engine models, air in the diesel supply system can stop an engine or severely
restrict performance.
 If you suspect air in the fuel lines, refer to your engine operation manual for detailed
instructions on how to bleed the system.
GAS ENGINE & GENERATOR (IF EQUIPPED) FUEL LINE ROUTING
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Chapter 3: Propulsion & Related Systems
285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
DIESEL ENGINE & GENERATOR FUEL LINE ROUTING
Fuel Fill & Vent
 If you have problems filling the fuel tank, check the fuel fill hose and fuel tank vent hose for kinks or
collapsed areas.
 If there are no visible signs of a problem, contact your local dealer.
Anti-siphon Valve (Gas Engine Only)
NOTICE
 If an engine running problem is diagnosed as fuel starvation, check the anti-siphon valve.
 If the valve is stuck or clogged, ONLY change or replace it while the engine is Off.
 NEVER run the engine with the anti-siphon valve removed, except in an emergency.




26
The anti-siphon valve is a vital fuel system part.
If the fuel line ruptures, this valve prevents the siphoning of fuel from the tank.
The valve is located on the fuel tank, where the fuel feed line attaches to the tank.
This spring-loaded valve is opened by fuel pump vacuum.
285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 3: Propulsion & Related Systems
Gas Engine Fuel Filters
 The fuel pickup tube, located inside the fuel tank, is equipped with a fine mesh screen filter.
 If your boat features an MPI engine, there may be an in-line fuel filter on the fuel line.
 Also, when supplied by the engine manufacturer, a fuel filter is installed on the engine.
 Periodically replace the fuel filters to make sure they remain clean and free of debris.
 Talk to your selling dealer or local marina about fuel additives that help prevent fungus or other buildup in your
fuel tank.
Diesel Engine Fuel Filter/Water Separator
NOTICE
 The frequency of water draining or element replacement is controlled by the contamination
level in the fuel.
 Inspect the collection bowls for water daily.
 Replace the elements at least once a year, or when a loss of power is noticed, whichever
comes first.
 The fuel feed line features a fuel filter/water separator.
 Service instructions for the fuel filter/water separator are
provided on the filter.
HAND PRIMER
VENT PLUG
SERVICE INSTRUCTIONS
DRAIN PLUG
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285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 4: Controls & Gauges
Steering




Your boat features a power-assisted rack-and-pinion steering system.
For information about the power-assist fluid reservoir, refer to the engine operation and maintenance manual.
Boat steering is not self-centering.
Refer to the engine manual for more steering system details.
Shift/Throttle Controls
!
WA R N I N G !
LOSS OF CONTROL HAZARD!
Improper maintenance of the shift/throttle hardware may cause a sudden loss of control!
Read all of the information about the shift/throttle controls in the shift/throttle manual, the engine operation manual,
and the Cruiser & Yacht Owner’s Manual.
Power Trim & Tilt
 The stern drive on your boat is equipped with power trim and tilt.
 Trim and tilt instructions are provided in the engine operation manual and the shift/throttle manual.
Trim Tabs
 Before using the trim tabs, read the trim tabs’ owner’s manual.
 The trim tabs are controlled by two rocker switches at the helm.
 Check and refill the trim tab hydraulic fluid reservoir as directed
in the trim tabs’ owner’s manual.
 For the location of the fluid reservoir, see the Component
Locations section in Chapter 2 of this supplement.
TYPICAL TRIM TAB
TRANSOM
TRIM TAB
(TYPICAL)
Bow Thruster (If Equipped)
 The bow thruster can help you maneuver your yacht during docking.
 Read the bow thruster user manual before using the thruster system, and follow all user precautions carefully.
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285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 4: Controls & Gauges
Gauges
Cleaning the Gauges
!
CAUTION
PRODUCT or PROPERTY DAMAGE HAZARD!
 Use only mild soap and water to clean the gauge lenses and bezels.
 Use of other cleaners, including common window cleaning solutions, may cause the lenses
to crack.
 Lenses cracked in this manner will NOT be covered by our warranty.
Gauge Fogging
 Moisture may occasionally find its way into the gauges causing lens fogging.
 Turning On the gauge lights will help dry the lenses.
 Fogging will not harm the gauges.
Radio Transmission Interference
VHF or other radio transmissions may cause brief erratic readings on the tachometer. This will not damage the
tachometer gauge or affect its accuracy when not transmitting.
Fuel Gauge
It is normal for the pointer on your fuel gauge to bounce as fuel sloshes back and forth in the fuel tank.
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285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 5: Navigation & Communication Equipment
Read the manuals for all navigation & communication equipment before using these systems.
Depth Finder
!
WA R N I N G !
 Do NOT use the depth finder as a navigational aid to prevent collision, grounding, boat
damage or personal injury.
 When your boat is moving, submerged objects will NOT be seen until they are already
under your boat.
 Bottom depths may change too quickly to allow time for your boat to react.
 If you suspect shallow water or submerged objects, run your boat at very slow speeds.
VHF Radio (If Equipped)
 Your boat may include a VHF (Very High Frequency) radio.
 As permitted by the FCC (Federal Communications Commission), the VHF radio can be used to access weather
reports, summon assistance, or contact other vessels.
 Contact the FCC for licensing, rules and laws concerning VHF radio usage.
Global Positioning System (GPS) (If Equipped)
!
WA R N I N G !
 The GPS system should NOT be relied upon as the ONLY aid to navigation.
 An experienced operator MUST monitor the GPS system at ALL times and keep a look-out
for other marine traffic and possible collision situations.
NOTICE
he GPS system is ONLY an aid to navigation. It's accuracy can be affected by:
 Equipment failure or defects
 Environmental conditions
 Improper handling or use
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285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 6: Plumbing
Bilge Pumps
!
WA R N I N G !
FIRE and/or EXPLOSION HAZARD!
NEVER use the bilge pumps to remove gasoline, oil, or other flammable liquids.
NOTICE
Discharge of oil, oil waste, or fuel into navigable waters is prohibited by law. Violators are subject to legal action by the local authorities.
 Your boat has two
bilge pumps for
pumping water out
of the bilge.
 Built-in autofloat
switches turn On
the bilge pumps if
bilge water rises
above a preset
level.
 You can also turn
On the bilge pumps
using the switches
at the helm.
 The bilge pumps
are wired directly
to the batteries, and
unless the batteries
are dead, the bilge
pump system
should keep working even when your
boat is unattended.
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Bilge Pump Testing
 The bilge pump is vital to the safety of your boat.
 Test the bilge pump often.
1. Turn On the bilge pump switch at the helm.
2. Make sure that water in the bilge is pumped overboard.
 If there is water in the bilge and the pump motor is running but not pumping, inspect the discharge hose for a kink
or collapsed area.
If the discharge hose looks okay, check the bilge pump and strainer for clogging debris.
Inspecting and clearing debris from the bilge pump:
1. Squeeze the holding tabs on each side of
the strainer and pull the pump housing out
of the strainer.
2. Remove debris from the strainer and the
bottom of the pump housing.
3. Remove the impeller guard screw and the
impeller guard.
4. Remove all debris from the pump chamber, from around the impeller, and from
the tab slots on the sides.
5. Make sure the impeller is firmly attached
to the shaft and is not cracked or broken.
6. Reinstall the impeller guard and screw,
and the pump housing on the strainer.
Make sure both tabs lock into the slots.
PUMP HOUSING
FLOAT SWITCH
TEST KNOB
IMPELLER
GUARD SCREW
STRAINER
IMPELLER
GUARD
HOLDING TABS
Built-in Autofloat Switch Testing
 The autofloat switch turns the bilge pump On when water rises above a preset level.
 Test the autofloat switch often as follows:
Autofloat switch testing:
Twist the float switch test button to turn On the bilge pump.
 If the pump does not turn On, check the fuse on the fuse block.
 If the fuse is good, but the switch still does not work, it may mean the switch is bad, or the battery is dead.
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285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 6: Plumbing
Seawater Systems
Seacocks
!
WA R N I N G !
FLOODING and SWAMPING HAZARD!
 Close the seacock(s) when leaving your boat unattended for any length of time.
 If a seacock is left open, a hose failure could flood the bilge, swamp the batteries and the
engine, and even sink your boat.
!
CAUTION
SYSTEM DAMAGE HAZARD!
 BEFORE using any system that has a seacock, make sure that the system’s seacock is Open.
 Inspect and lubricate all seacocks annually.
Thru-hull inlet or outlet fittings located near or below the waterSEACOCK & THRU-HULL
line feature seacock valves. You can close a seacock to stop water
COMPONENTS (TYPICAL)
entry:
90 DEGREE
SEACOCK
 If the hose connected to the seacock fails, or;
SEACOCK
LEVER
 To work on equipment served by the seacock.
SEACOCK GASKET
Seacocks are used on your boat in seawater intake or liquid-disHULL
charge systems including, but not limited to:
THRU-HULL INTAKE
SECTION
STRAINER
 Air conditioner (if equipped)
 Marine head (toilet)
Before using any system with a seacock, make sure the seacock is Open and stays Open until the system is shut Off.
Seawater Strainers
!
CAUTION
FLOODING HAZARD!
 BEFORE taking apart a seawater strainer for cleaning or other work, Close the seacock
that sends seawater to that strainer.
 Failure to close the seacock before taking apart the seawater strainer may allow large
amounts of water to flood the bilge, which could swamp the batteries and the engine, and
even sink your boat.
 Keep the seacock Closed until the seawater strainer is completely reassembled.
SYSTEM DAMAGE HAZARD!
 After putting the seawater strainer back together, make sure that the seacock valve is Open
BEFORE using the component/system.
 Seawater strainers are used to filter incoming seawater in some seawater intake systems. NOTE: Not all seawater
intake systems have seawater strainers.
 If equipped, the seawater strainer is located near the seawater intake system’s seacock.
 Check the strainers for leaks and/or debris every time you use your boat.
 Refer to the seawater strainer instruction sheet for cleaning and maintenance information.
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Chapter 6: Plumbing
285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Freshwater System
!
WA R N I N G !
 ONLY use safe drinking (potable) water in your boat’s freshwater system.
 ONLY use FDA approved "drinking water safe" hoses when filling the freshwater tank.
 NEVER use common garden hoses for drinking water.
 Read the Freshwater System section in the Cruiser & Yacht Owner’s Manual.
 The freshwater fill deck fitting is marked WATER.
 Pressurize the freshwater system by either turning On the freshwater pump switch (the battery switch must also
be On).
 For the location of the freshwater pump switch, see the Component Locations section in Chapter 2 of
this supplement.
 Turn Off the freshwater pump switch when your boat is not in use or when the freshwater tank is empty.
 Inspect and clean the freshwater filter often (the filter is located on the freshwater pump).
 If your boat is to be left unattended for a long period of time, pump the freshwater tank dry to prevent stored water
from becoming stagnant and distasteful.
 If the freshwater system needs to be disinfected, ask your dealer about treatments available for your boat’s system.
Transom Shower
 Read the manufacturer’s instructions before using the transom shower for the first time.
 The freshwater pump switch must be turned On before using the transom shower.
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285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 6: Plumbing
Freshwater System Winterization
1. Turn On the freshwater pump switch.
2. Open all of the faucets and showers and let the freshwater system drain completely.
3. Turn Off the freshwater pump switch.
All of the remaining water must be removed from the water lines. There are two ways to remove the remaining water
from the lines:
 Compressed Air
 Gravity Draining
Compressed Air
!
CAUTION
FRESHWATER SYSTEM DAMAGE HAZARD!
 A faucet MUST be Open when compressed air is blown through the freshwater system.
 NEVER blow compressed air through the water system when ALL of the faucets are Closed.
You must have an air compressor with an air hose and
an air nozzle.
1. Remove the water line from the outlet side of the
freshwater pump (opposite side from filter).
2. Open the faucet that is furthest away from the freshwater pump.
3. Place the air nozzle against the end of the just
removed water line and blow air through the system.
4. When water stops coming out of the faucet, stop the
air and Close the faucet.
5. One at a time, repeat this process on all faucets and
showers.
TYPICAL VIEW
NOTE: LOCATION OF TEE FITTING
& DRAIN PLUG MAY VARY
Gravity Draining
1. Open all faucets and showers.
2. Remove the drain plug from the tee fitting on the
freshwater tank.
3. When the water has stopped draining from the
freshwater tank and the water lines, replace the
drain plug.
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Chapter 6: Plumbing
285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Water Heater (If Equipped)
!
WA R N I N G !
SCALDING HAZARD!
Water heated by the water heater can be hot enough to scald the skin.
!
CAUTION
WATER HEATER DAMAGE HAZARD!
 Do NOT turn On the water heater circuit breaker on the 110-volt AC master panel until the
water heater tank is COMPLETELY filled with water.
 The tank is full if water flows from the tap when the hot water is turned On in the galley.
 Even brief water heater operation with a dry tank WILL damage the heating elements.
 Warranty replacements will NOT be made on elements damaged in this manner.
 Turn the power Off and drain the water heater when the chance of freezing exists (see the
winterizing instructions on the next page).
NOTICE
If 110-volt AC power is being provided by shore power, but the water heater is not working:
 Make sure the water heater circuit breaker on the 110-volt AC master panel is switched On.
 If the circuit breaker is On, but the water heater is still not working, ask your dealer how
to check the push-to-reset circuit breaker located on the water heater.
 Read the water heater instruction manual and heed the warnings above.
 The water heater is connected to the 110-volt AC power system.
 To heat the water, turn On the water heater circuit breaker on the 110-volt AC master panel.
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285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 6: Plumbing
Winterizing the Water Heater
!
CAUTION
WATER HEATER DAMAGE HAZARD!
 NEVER turn On the water heater breaker on the 110-volt AC master panel when the water
heater tank is empty.
 Even brief water heater operation with a dry tank WILL damage the heating elements.
 Warranty replacements will NOT be made on elements damaged in this manner.
 To prevent damage to the water heater after winterizing, always tag the water breaker
switch on the 110-volt AC master panel (see photo below).
NOTICE
The freshwater system MUST be drained BEFORE winterizing the water heater (see the
Freshwater System Winterization Instructions earlier in this chapter).
1. Turn Off the water heater
breaker.
2. Disconnect the hose (A)
attached to the pressure
relief valve (B), and
drain any water from the
hose into the bilge or into
a bucket.
3. Open the pressure relief
valve (B).
4. Open the drain valve (C).
5. Attach a tag to the water
heater breaker to indicate
that the tank is empty.
 NOTE: Your boat came
with a tag attached to the
water heater breaker. It is
suggested that you keep
this tag and re-use it when
winterizing.
 Leave the pressure relief
and drain valves Open
until you fit out your boat
after storage.
NOTE: TYPICAL WATER
HEATER SHOWN. LOCATIONS
OF FITTINGS MAY VARY
BY BRAND AND MODEL.
B
A
C
"WATER HEATER IS EMPTY"
TAG ATTACHED TO WATER
HEATER CIRCUIT BREAKER
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Chapter 6: Plumbing
285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Preparing the Water Heater for Use After Winterizing
!
CAUTION
WATER HEATER DAMAGE HAZARD!
 Fill the water heater tank BEFORE turning On the water heater circuit breaker on the 110volt AC master panel.
 NEVER turn On the water heater circuit breaker on the 110-volt AC master panel while the
water heater tank is empty.
 To make sure the tank is full, turn On a hot water faucet. If water flows from the tap, the
water heater tank is full.
 Even brief water heater operation with a dry tank WILL damage the heating elements.
 Warranty replacements will NOT be made on elements damaged in this manner.
Perform the following steps to put your winterized water heater back in service:
1. Close the drain valve (A).
2. Close the pressure relief
valve (B).
3. Connect the hose (C) to the
pressure relief valve (B).
4. Fill the water heater tank
with freshwater.
5. Remove the ‘winterized’
tag on the water heater
breaker on the 110-volt AC
master panel after the water
heater tank is completely
filled with freshwater.
6. Turn On the water heater
breaker.
NOTE: TYPICAL WATER
HEATER SHOWN.
LOCATIONS OF FITTINGS
MAY VARY BY BRAND
AND MODEL.
B
C
A
"WATER HEATER IS EMPTY"
TAG ATTACHED TO WATER
HEATER CIRCUIT BREAKER
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285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 6: Plumbing
Drain Systems
Deck Drains
 Water on the deck is gravity drained overboard through the deck drains.
 Keep the deck drains free of debris.
Sink Drains
The sinks are above the waterline and are gravity drained overboard.
Shower Drain System (If Equipped)
 Shower water drains into a sump pump
box.
 A float switch turns On the sump pump
when the drain water rises to a preset
level, and the drain water is pumped
overboard.
 Read the sump system instruction sheet,
paying special attention to the maintenance and cold weather instructions.
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Chapter 6: Plumbing
285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Marine Head & Holding Tank
NOTICE
Check with local authorities about the legal use of marine head systems.
Descriptions of your particular head system are provided on the following pages. However, before using your head
system read the operation and maintenance manual for your marine toilet.
Winterizing the System
Winterizing instructions are provided in the operation and maintenance manual for your marine toilet.
Holding Tank Cleaning Tip
If possible, perform the following steps near the end of each trip to help clean and flush the holding tank:
1. Several miles from the end of each trip, stop at a pump-out station with a non-potable water source.
2. Pump-out the holding tank.
3. Fill the holding tank 1/2 full of fresh non-potable water. NOTE: Never use a potable (drinkable) water source
to perform this step.
4. Get back underway. The agitation while cruising home will help clean the tank.
5. Upon reaching your destination, stop at another pump-out station and empty and flush out the holding tank, and
add marine holding tank deodorizer.
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285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 6: Plumbing
Manual Flush Head (If Equipped)
!
WA R N I N G !
FLOODING and SWAMPING HAZARD!
 Close the head system’s seawater intake seacock when leaving your boat unattended for any
length of time.
 If this seacock, or any other seacock, is left open a hose failure could flood the bilge, swamp
the battery and the engine, and even sink your boat.
!
WA R N I N G !
OVERFILLED HOLDING TANK HAZARDS! NEVER overfill the holding tank! An
overfilled holding tank is both a serious public health hazard and a product/
property damage hazard!
 When the holding tank is full, flushing the toilet will force clogging-waste into the tank’s
vent system.
Perform the following steps to avoid an overfilled holding tank:
 Frequently check the content level in the holding tank by looking at the side of the tank.
 After EVERY trip, and at EVERY opportunity during long trips: Empty and flush out the
holding tank, and add marine holding tank deodorizer.
 Use rest rooms onshore whenever possible to reduce the amount of waste flushed into the
holding tank.
 Before using this system,
read the toilet operation
SEAWATER
INTAKE
and maintenance manual.
SEACOCK
 Before each trip make sure
the holding tank vent system is working properly.
Check for obstructions
such as insect nests at the
vent thru-hull fitting.
 Never flush anything
except human waste and
rapid-dissolving boat or
RV toilet tissue.
 Whenever possible use
onshore rest rooms
instead of your onboard
head.
 Look at the side of the
holding tank often to
check the content level.
 Empty the holding tank at
every opportunity.
 The dockside pump-out deck fitting is marked WASTE.
MANUAL FLUSH TOILET
HOLDING
TANK
HOLDING TANK
PUMP-OUT
DECK FITTING
HOLDING TANK
VENT THRUHULL FITTING
Using the Manual Flush Marine Head
1. Open the head’s seawater intake seacock.
2. Before using the head, pump water into the bowl to wet the sides.
3. After use, pump until the bowl is clean.
4. Pump a few more times to clean the lines.
5. If excess waste causes the water to rise in the bowl, stop pumping until the water recedes.
 Close the intake seacock when the system will not be used for long periods of time.
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Chapter 6: Plumbing
285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Vacuum Flush Head System (If Equipped)
!
WA R N I N G !
OVERFILLED HOLDING TANK HAZARDS!
NEVER overfill the holding tank! An overfilled holding tank is both a serious public
health hazard and a product/property damage hazard!
 When the holding tank is full, flushing the toilet will force clogging-waste into the tank’s
vent system.
 If the vent system becomes clogged, further toilet flushing will dangerously pressurize the
holding tank.
 The possible hazards of a pressurized holding tank range from human waste leaking
through damaged tank fittings, all the way up to an explosive rupture of the tank.
Perform the following steps to avoid overfilling the holding tank:
 Frequently check the content level in the holding tank by looking at the side of the tank.
 After EVERY trip, and at EVERY opportunity during long trips: Empty and flush out the
holding tank, and add marine holding tank deodorizer.
 Use rest rooms onshore whenever possible to reduce the amount of waste flushed into the
holding tank.
 Before using your vacuum
flush head, read the vacTOILET
uum flush head’s operation
and maintenance manual.
VACUUM PUMP
 The vacuum flush head sysHOLDING TANK
tem uses freshwater from
HOLDING TANK
the fresh-water tank and a
PUMP-OUT
DECK FITTING
vacuum pump to flush
waste from the toilet into
the holding tank.
 The holding tank is
HOLDING TANK
plumbed to a fitting on the
VENT FILTER
deck for dockside pumpout. This fitting is marked
WASTE.
HOLDING TANK
VENT THRU Before each trip make sure
HULL FITTING
the holding tank vent system is working properly.
Check for obstructions such
as insect nests at the vent
thru-hull fitting.
 Immediately replace the
vent filter if:
a. Flushing causes a bad
odor.
b. The holding tank has been overfilled.
c. The holding tank is difficult to empty.
 Never flush anything except human waste and rapid-dissolving boat or RV toilet tissue into the holding tank.
 Whenever possible use onshore rest rooms instead of your onboard head. Using your onboard head only
when there is no other option will help you avoid overfilling the holding tank.
 Look at the side of the holding tank often to check the content level.
 Empty the holding tank at every opportunity.
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285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 6: Plumbing
Macerator (If Equipped)
To use the macerator to pump waste
directly overboard (where laws permit):
1. Open the underwater discharge
valve.
2. Press both macerator switches at
the same time to run the pump
(these switches are located in
the side panel storage tub next
to the helm seat).
3. Release the switches as soon as
the holding tank is empty.
4. Close the underwater discharge valve when you are
done pumping.
MACERATOR
HOLDING
TANK
UNDERWATER
DISCHARGE
VALVE
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Air Conditioner (If Equipped)
!
DANGER!
CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING HAZARD!
 Dangerous carbon monoxide gas (CO) can be brought into your boat
through the air conditioning system.
 Read the Carbon Monoxide (CO) section in Chapter 1 of this supplement.
!
WA R N I N G !
FLOODING and SWAMPING HAZARD!
 Close the seawater intake seacock before leaving your boat unattended.
 If the seacock is left open, a hose failure could flood the bilge, swamp the battery and engine,
and even sink your boat.
!
CAUTION
SYSTEM DAMAGE HAZARD!
 Open the air conditioner system’s seawater intake seacock BEFORE turning On the air conditioner.
 This seacock MUST stay Open until the air conditioner is turned off.
Read the air conditioner manual before using the air conditioning system for the first time.
Before Each Use
 Turn On the air conditioner breaker on the 110-volt AC master panel.
 Open the seawater intake seacock. This seacock must remain Open while you’re running the air conditioner.
 Check the seawater strainer for debris. If needed, clean the strainer as described in the Seawater Systems section
of this chapter.
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Chapter 7: Deck Equipment
Cleats & Bow/Stern Eyes
!
WA R N I N G !
PERSONAL INJURY and/or PRODUCT or PROPERTY DAMAGE HAZARD!
NEVER lift your boat using the bow/stern eyes or the cleats.
Read the section on towing in the Cruiser & Yacht Owner’s Manual before:
 Towing anything behind your boat.
 Being towed by another vessel.
Windlass (If Equipped)
!
DANGER!
PERSONAL SAFETY & PRODUCT DAMAGE HAZARD!
An unsecured anchor could accidentally release while your boat is moving, damaging your
boat and causing serious injury or death.
After retrieving the anchor:
 Secure the anchor with an anchor safety strap, or a chain stopper.
 Switch OFF the windlass circuit breaker to prevent accidental operation.
!
CAUTION
PRODUCT DAMAGE HAZARD!
Do NOT rely on the windlass alone to hold your boat at anchor. After setting the anchor, tie the
rode off to a cleat or equivalent strong point.
Do NOT pull your boat to the anchor using the windlass, or continue running the windlass if it
has stalled or is overloaded.






Read and follow the manufacturer’s instruction manual before using the anchor windlass for the first time.
You can control the windlass from the helm or by using the deck foot switches located next to the windlass.
Make sure that the windlass circuit breaker is turned On before using the anchor windlass.
To raise the anchor, use engine power (not the windlass) to move your boat to, and directly above, the anchor.
Dislodge the anchor from the bottom by pulling it straight up with the windlass.
Before getting underway, make sure the anchor is secured and the windlass circuit breaker is turned Off.
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Canvas & Vinyl Tops & Enclosures
!
DANGER!
CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING HAZARD!
 NEVER use full canvas and vinyl enclosures when the engine or generator
is running.
 For proper fresh air circulation, remove forward, aft, and both side enclosure curtains BEFORE starting the engine or generator.
 Read the Carbon Monoxide (CO) section in Chapter 1 of this supplement.
!
CAUTION
PRODUCT or PROPERTY DAMAGE HAZARD!
Take down and securely stow ALL canvas & vinyl BEFORE your boat is transported by road.
NOTICE
 Make sure your dealer explains how to install all canvas and vinyl.
 Two people are needed for most of the tasks listed in this section.
 BEFORE cleaning and/or stowing your canvas or vinyl, read the sections later in this chapter, Canvas Care and Clear Vinyl Care.
Canvas Care (see also ‘Clear Vinyl Care’ on next page)
 After each use, especially in saltwater, rinse the canvas with cold freshwater.
 Before stowing, let the canvas air-dry completely.
 The canvas can be rolled or folded for stowage.
Cleaning the Canvas
!
CAUTION
NEVER use detergents when washing the canvas. Detergents can destroy the water repellency,
and mildew/UV resistant finish of your canvas.
Regularly clean the canvas to prevent dirt, pollen, and etc. from embedding in the fabric. Generally, it is easiest to
wash the canvas while it is installed on your boat.
 Use a soft-bristled brush to remove all dust and loose dirt.
1. Hose down the canvas with freshwater.
2. Gently wash the canvas with a solution of lukewarm water (no more than 100° F) and non-detergent mild soap,
such as Ivory Snow®, Dreft®, or Woolite®.
3. Rinse thoroughly to remove the soap.
4. Before stowing, let the canvas dry completely.
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285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 7: Deck Equipment
Stubborn Stains
!
CAUTION
 Soaking in bleach solutions may remove the waterproof finish of the fabric and may also
decrease the life of the polyester thread used in the canvas.
 If needed, a water repellent treatment should be reapplied to your canvas. Ask your dealer
about the treatments available for your boat’s canvas.
Some stubborn stains may resist normal washing and you can try the methods below. However, these methods may
remove the waterproof finish of the fabric and may also decrease the life of the polyester thread used in the canvas.
Reapply a water repellent treatment as needed.
Method 1
1. Add 1/8 cup (1 oz.) of non-chlorine bleach to one gallon of water and mix thoroughly.
2. Thoroughly wet the canvas and then gently scrub the stained area with the weak bleach solution.
3. Rinse with cold water to remove all of the solution.
Method 2
1. Add 1/2 cup (4 oz.) of non-chlorine bleach and 1/2 cup (4 oz.) Ivory Snow®, Dreft®, or Woolite® to one gallon
of water and mix thoroughly.
2. Soak the canvas in this solution for about 20 minutes.
3. Rinse with cold water to remove all of the solution.
Clear Vinyl Care





!
CAUTION
NEVER store the clear vinyl pieces wet, as this will cause a milky film to develop.
NEVER fold or crease the clear vinyl pieces as cracking will occur.
Clear vinyl is NOT intended for use when your boat is in storage or being moored.
Clear vinyl does NOT hold up well against ultraviolet rays.
Under direct sunlight conditions, do NOT let the clear vinyl touch the framework. The
framework radiates heat and can burn the clear vinyl.
 After each use, especially in saltwater, rinse the clear vinyl with cold freshwater.
 Before stowing, the clear vinyl must be completely dry. Air-drying is best, but you can also carefully dry the vinyl
with a chamois or soft cotton cloth.
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Chapter 7: Deck Equipment
 The clear vinyl can
be rolled or laid out
flat for stowage.
 Never fold or crease
the clear vinyl parts
as cracking will
occur.
285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
NEVER FOLD OR CREASE CLEAR VINYL!
FOLDING OR OTHERWISE CREASING
CLEAR VINYL WILL CAUSE DAMAGE
SUCH AS CRACKING TO OCCUR
Cleaning Clear
Vinyl
Regularly clean the
clear vinyl to prevent
dirt, pollen, and etc.
from marring the surface. Generally, it is
easiest to clean the
clear vinyl while it is
installed on your boat.
1. Hose down the
clear vinyl with
freshwater.
2. Using a soft cotton cloth (paper
towels are abrasive and must
never be used on
clear vinyl), genAFTER CLEAR VINYL PARTS HAVE
tly wash the clear
COMPLETELY AIR DRIED THEY CAN BE
ROLLED OR SIMPLY LAID FLAT FOR STOWAGE
vinyl with soap
and water.
3. Rinse thoroughly to remove the soap.
4. Before stowing, the clear vinyl must be completely dry. Air-drying is best, but you can also carefully dry the
vinyl with a chamois or soft cotton cloth.
 Ask your dealer about products available to keep the clear vinyl polished and looking new.
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Chapter 8: Appliances & Entertainment Systems
NOTICE
ALWAYS keep an approved ABC-type fire extinguisher in galley area.
 All appliances and entertainment systems have their own instruction sheets and/or manuals that contain detailed
information and important safeguards.
 Read these instruction sheets and manuals before using your boat’s appliances and entertainment systems.
 If applicable, make sure the 110-volt AC breaker is turned On for the appliance or entertainment system you wish
to use.
Alcohol/110-Volt Electric Stove (If Equipped)
!
DANGER!
CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING HAZARD!
 The alcohol stove is a source of dangerous carbon monoxide gas (CO).
 BEFORE using the alcohol stove, Open doors and windows to make sure
there is enough fresh air for ventilation.
 Read the Carbon Monoxide (CO) section in Chapter 1 of this supplement.
!
WA R N I N G !
 Open flame cooking appliances consume oxygen. This can cause asphyxiation or death.
 Maintain open ventilation.
!
WA R N I N G !
BURN/SCALDING and/or FIRE HAZARD!





Read the stove’s instruction manual BEFORE using.
ALWAYS keep an approved ABC-type fire extinguisher in the galley area.
Do NOT use the stove while underway.
Any non-cooking devices on or near your stove during use are potential fire hazards!
Do NOT touch the burners, grates or nearby surfaces as they may be hot even when they are
dark in color.
 Areas near the burners and grates may become hot enough to cause burns.
 During and after use, do NOT touch or let clothing or other flammable material come in
contact with the heated units or the areas near the units (burner tops, main frame sides and
back, sea rails and pot holders) until they have had sufficient time to cool.
!
CAUTION
PRODUCT DAMAGE HAZARD!
NEVER use alcohol and electric burners at the same time. To do so will cause overheating,
which can destroy the electric elements.
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Refrigerator (If Equipped)
The refrigerator runs on 12-volt DC power unless 110-volt AC power is being supplied by shore power or generator
power and the refrigerator’s 110-volt AC master panel circuit breaker is On.
Audio Equipment
NOTICE
AM radio reception may be impaired anytime the engine is running.
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285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 9: Lights
Care & Maintenance
Although all lights installed on your boat are of top quality, they will occasionally fail. Always carry spare bulbs of
the correct size and wattage, but before replacing non functioning lights, check for other common causes, such as:
 There may be a blown fuse - replace the fuse.
 A wire may be damaged or may have come loose - repair as required.
 The bulb base may be corroded - clean the base and coat it with non-conductive electrical lubricant.
Interior & Exterior Lights
!
CAUTION
 Be conservative in the use of battery power.
 Prolonged use of cabin interior lights (overnight) WILL result in a drained battery.
 The lights are powered by your boat’s 12-volt DC system.
 The battery switch must be turned On for the lights to work.
Spotlight (If Equipped)
Read the spotlight operating instructions, included in your owner’s packet, before using the spotlight.
Navigation Lights
!
CAUTION
Avoid the storage of gear where it would block navigation lights from view.
NOTICE
Running lights are legally required to show boat direction and right-of-way at night.
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Chapter 10: Electrical System
!
DANGER!
EXTREME FIRE, SHOCK and EXPLOSION HAZARD!
 NEVER install non-ignition protected switches or other arcing devices in the
fuel compartment.
 NEVER substitute automotive parts for marine parts. Marine electrical, ignition, and fuel
system parts were designed and manufactured to comply with rules and laws that minimize
the risks of fire and explosion.
 NEVER change the electrical systems or relevant drawings.
 Allow ONLY trained personnel to install batteries and/or do electrical system work.
 Make sure that ALL battery switches are turned Off BEFORE working in the engine spaces.
!
WA R N I N G !
FIRE and EXPLOSION HAZARD!
Fuel vapors can explode! BEFORE turning on electrical devices or working on the electrical
system:
1. Check the bilge areas for fuel vapors or leaking fuel. If you see leaking fuel or smell
fuel vapors:
a. Do NOT start the engine or generator (if equipped), do NOT turn On any electrical
devices, put out ALL cigarettes, cigars, and other sources of flame or ignition.
b. Get everyone off your boat.
c. Get trained help to find and fix the problem.
2. Run the bilge blower(s) for at least four minutes BEFORE engine starting, electrical system
work, or turning on electrical devices.
!
CAUTION
SHOCK and ELECTRICAL SYSTEM DAMAGE HAZARD!
When the engine is running, NEVER turn Off the battery switch or disconnect the battery cables. Doing either could cause damage to your boat’s engine and/or electrical
system.
NOTICE
Electrical connections are prone to corrosion. To reduce corrosion-caused electrical problems:
 Keep ALL electrical connections clean.
 Apply a spray-on protectant that is designed to protect connections from corrosion.
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Chapter 10: Electrical System
12-Volt DC System
Batteries
 The batteries supply electricity for lights, 12-volt accessories and engine starting.
 The Electrical section in Chapter 8 of the Cruiser & Yacht Owner’s Manual provides battery care and
maintenance instructions.
Battery Switch
!
CAUTION
SHOCK and ELECTRICAL SYSTEM DAMAGE HAZARD!
When the engine is running, NEVER turn Off the battery switch or disconnect the battery cables. Doing either could cause damage to your boat’s engine and/or electrical
system components.
 Standby-loads, such as the automatic
bilge pumps and the stereo memory, are
not affected by the battery switch since
they are wired directly to the batteries.
 Turn the battery switch to the Off position whenever your boat will be unoccupied for long periods of time.
BATTERY
SWITCH
Battery Switch Positions
NOTICE
Since your boat’s batteries were installed by your dealer, the battery switch positions listed
below may vary. Make sure your selling dealer fully explains how to use the battery switches.
BATTERY SWITCH
POSITIONS
ENGINE
STARTING
ACCESSORIES & LIGHTS
ENGINE
ALTERNATOR
BATTERY
CHARGER
POSITION
1
Battery 1
provides starting power
Battery 1
provides power for
accessories and lights
Charges
battery 1
Charges BOTH
batteries
POSITION
2
Battery 2
provides starting power
Battery 2
provides power for
accessories and lights
Charges
battery 2
Charges BOTH
batteries
POSITION BOTH or
1&2
BOTH batteries
Provide starting
power
BOTH batteries provide
power for accessories and
lights (not advised unless
engine is running)
Charges BOTH
batteries
Charges BOTH
batteries
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Fuses & Circuit Breakers
 Circuit breakers for the engine and main accessory power are on the 12-volt DC push-to-reset circuit breaker
panel and on the battery switch panel.
 See the Component Locations section in Chapter 2 for the locations of the battery switch panel and the 12-volt DC
push-to-reset circuit breakers.
NOTE: Some equipment may have secondary fuse protection at the unit, or behind the battery switch panel, or at
the batteries.
12-Volt DC Accessory Outlets
!
CAUTION
Do NOT use the 12-volt DC accessory outlet with a cigarette or cigar lighter. High temperatures may melt the outlet.
 These accessory outlets can be used with any 12-volt device that draws 15-amps or less.
 The 12-volt DC accessory outlets are protected by a 15-amp breaker on the 12-volt DC push-to-reset circuit
breaker panel.
 See the Component Locations section in Chapter 2 for the location of the 12-volt DC accessory outlets.
Alternator
The alternator charges the battery when the engine is running at, or above, cruising speeds.
Battery Charger
!
CAUTION
ENGINE and ELECTRICAL SYSTEM DAMAGE HAZARD!
NEVER run your boat’s engine and the battery charger at the same time.
!
CAUTION
 The battery charging systems (alternator and battery charger) installed on your boat are
designed to charge conventional lead-acid batteries.
 BEFORE installing gel-cell or other new technology batteries, consult with the battery manufacturer about charging system requirements.
 Before using the battery charger, read all instructions and warnings: (1) on the battery charger, (2) on the batteries,
and (3) in the battery charger manual.
 The battery charger will automatically charge your boat’s batteries when 110-volt AC power is being provided by
shore power, and the battery charger circuit breaker on the 110-volt AC master panel is On.
 The battery switch(es) can be in any position during charging.
 During battery charging you may use 12-volt accessories, such as the lights and stereo, but battery charging will
take longer.
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285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 10: Electrical System
110-Volt AC System
!
WA R N I N G !
FIRE and ELECTRICAL SYSTEM DAMAGE HAZARD!
 The power source lockouts on the 110-volt AC master panel prevent the use of shore power
and generator power at the same time.
 If equipped with a generator, NEVER bypass the power source lockouts. Using both shore
power and generator power at the same time WILL cause major electrical system damage
and could start a fire!
!
CAUTION
WATER HEATER DAMAGE HAZARD!
 Do NOT turn On the water heater circuit breaker on the 110-volt AC master panel until the
water heater tank is COMPLETELY filled with water.
 The tank is full if water flows from the tap when the hot water is turned On in the galley.
 Even brief water heater operation with a dry tank WILL damage the heating elements.
 Warranty replacements will NOT be made on elements damaged in this manner.
NOTICE
 Whether using shore power or generator power, the use of several 110-volt AC accessories
at the same time can result in an overloaded circuit.
 You may have to turn Off one or more accessories to use another accessory.
 To gain a basic understanding of your boat’s 110-volt AC system, read the handbook, A Boater’s Guide To AC
Electrical Systems. If this handbook is not in your owner’s packet, call 360-435-8957 and the handbook will be
mailed to you.
 The 110-volt AC system can be energized by shore power, or generator power (if equipped), or inverter power (if
equipped).
 Individual breakers on the 110-volt AC master panel must be turned On to supply power to the accessories you
wish to use.
 The 110-volt AC master panel may contain circuit breakers for accessories that are not available for your boat.
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Shore Power
!
DANGER!
FIRE, EXPLOSION and SHOCK HAZARD!
 Use ONLY compatible shore power connectors and NEVER alter the connectors.
 Turn Off ALL breakers and switches on the 110-volt AC master panel BEFORE plugging in
or unplugging the shore power cord.
 To prevent shock or injury from dropping a "hot" cord into the water:
a. ALWAYS plug the shore power cord into the boat inlet first, and then into the
dockside outlet.
b. When unplugging from shore power, ALWAYS unplug the shore power cord from the
dockside outlet first.
 NEVER leave the shore power cord plugged into the dockside outlet ONLY.
 ONLY use shore power cords approved for marine use. NEVER use ordinary indoor or outdoor extension cords.
!
WA R N I N G !
SHOCK and ELECTRICAL SYSTEM DAMAGE HAZARD!
 Monitor the polarity indicator lights EVERY TIME you connect to shore power.
 If a reversed polarity light turns On when you are connecting to shore power, do NOT turn
On the main breaker switches.
 Instead, IMMEDIATELY unplug the shore power cord (ALWAYS from the dockside outlet
first) and alert marina management.
!
WA R N I N G !
SHOCK and ELECTRICAL SYSTEM DAMAGE HAZARD!
 BEFORE each use, check the shore power cord for defects or damage.
 NEVER use a damaged or faulty cord since the danger of fire and electrical shock exists.
 Do NOT pinch the shore power cord in doors or hatches, or coil the shore power cord too
tightly, since these situations can generate enough heat to result in a fire.
 If a shore power cord is dropped into the water, COMPLETELY dry the blades and contact
slots BEFORE using.
!
CAUTION
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM DAMAGE HAZARD!
 NEVER connect to dockside power outside of North America unless you have the international electrical conversion option.
 Using several 110-volt AC accessories at the same time can result in an overloaded circuit.
You may have to turn Off one or more accessories to use another accessory.
 Use double insulated or three-wire protected electrical appliances whenever possible.
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285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 10: Electrical System
 Single shore power 110-volt/60-hertz AC systems feature one 110-volt/30-amp shore power inlet.
 If your boat has an air conditioning system, a second (dual) 110-volt/30-amp inlet has been installed.
 Dual shore power inlets are labeled LINE 1 and LINE 2, which corresponds to the SHORE POWER 1 and
SHORE POWER 2 master breakers on the 110-volt AC master panel.
 LINE 1 and LINE 2 are independent of each other except when the parallel switch is used.
Connecting to Shore Power
!
WA R N I N G !
SHOCK and ELECTRICAL SYSTEM DAMAGE HAZARD!
 Monitor the polarity indicator lights EVERY TIME you connect to shore power.
 If a reversed polarity light turns On when you are connecting to shore power, do NOT turn
On the main breaker switches.
 Instead, IMMEDIATELY unplug the shore power cord (ALWAYS from the dockside outlet
first) and alert marina management.
1. Review all hazard information at the beginning
of this section, Shore Power.
2. Turn Off the shore power master circuit
breaker(s) and all switches and breakers on the
110-volt AC master panel.
3. Attach the shore power cord(s) to the boat
inlet(s) first, then to the dockside outlet(s).
4. Turn On the SHORE POWER 1 and SHORE
POWER 2 (if equipped) master breaker(s) on
the 110-volt AC master panel.
5. As needed, turn On the individual component
breakers on the 110-volt AC master panel.
Parallel Switch (Only if Equipped with Dual Shore Power)
NOTICE
 When using the parallel switch do NOT exceed 30 total amps.
 The amperage of each component breaker is shown on the breaker itself.
 The voltage on each line can be read on the voltmeter on the 110-volt AC master panel.
When only one dockside outlet is available, you can use the parallel switch to provide power to both lines.
1. Connect to shore power as described above in the Connecting to Shore Power section.
2. Switch the parallel switch (transfers power from line 1 to line 2) On instead of the SHORE POWER 2
master breaker.
3. Turn On the individual component breakers as required.
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Generator
!
DANGER!
CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING HAZARD!
 Generators are a source of dangerous carbon monoxide gas (CO). Check
the generator exhaust system for leaks BEFORE each use.
 Run the bilge blowers constantly while the generator is operating.
 Read the Carbon Monoxide (CO) section in Chapter 1 of this supplement.
!
WA R N I N G !
FIRE and EXPLOSION HAZARD!
Fuel vapors can explode! BEFORE starting the generator:
1. Check the bilge areas for fuel vapors or leaking fuel. If you see leaking fuel or smell
fuel vapors:
a. Do NOT start the generator or the engine, do NOT turn On any electrical devices, and
put out ALL cigarettes, cigars, and other sources of flame or ignition.
b. Get everyone off your boat.
c. Get trained help to find and fix the problem.
2. Run the bilge blower(s) for at least four minutes BEFORE generator or engine starting,
electrical system work, or turning on electrical devices.
 If you smell fuel vapors and the generator is already running:
a. Shut Off the generator and turn Off ALL electrical devices.
b. Put out ALL cigarettes, cigars, and other sources of flame or ignition.
c. Get trained help to find and fix the problem.
!
WA R N I N G !
FLOODING and SWAMPING HAZARD!
 Close the seawater intake seacock when leaving your boat unattended for any length of
time.
 If the seacock is left open, a hose failure could flood the bilge, swamp the batteries and the
engine, and even sink your boat.
!
CAUTION
SYSTEM DAMAGE HAZARD!
 ALWAYS make sure the generator’s seawater intake seacock is Open BEFORE starting, and
during running of the generator.
 NEVER run the generator starter for more than 30 seconds. If the generator does not start,
wait at least 30 seconds BEFORE trying again.
 After the generator starts, let the generator stabilize BEFORE turning On the component
breakers on the 110-volt AC master panel.
NOTICE
Follow the starting and stopping instructions in the generator’s operation manual.
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285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
 When your boat is
not connected to
shore power, the generator can supply
110-volt/60-hertz
power.
 Before using the
generator, read both
the generator operation manual and the
fuel filter water separator instructions.
 Refer to the generator manual for
starting/stopping
instructions.
Chapter 10: Electrical System
GAS GENERATOR SYSTEM
Important Generator
Notes:
 Polarity has been
established in the
installation of the
generator. Therefore
the polarity lights
will not function in
this mode.
 The coolant mixture
installed at the factory consists of equal
parts of water and
antifreeze (Ethylene
Glycol).
 Check the generator’s seawater strainer for leaks and/or debris before each use. If needed, clean the strainer as
described in the Seawater Systems section of the Plumbing chapter.
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Chapter 10: Electrical System
Electrical Harnesses & Schematics
120V Single Shore Power AC Panel
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Chapter 10: Electrical System
120V Single Shore Power w/Generator AC Pane
61
Chapter 10: Electrical System
120V Dual Shore Power AC Panel
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Chapter 10: Electrical System
120V Dual Shore Power w/Generator AC Panel
63
Chapter 10: Electrical System
120V Single Shore Power Architecture
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Chapter 10: Electrical System
120V Single Shore Power w/Generator Architecture
65
Chapter 10: Electrical System
120V Dual Shore Power Architecture
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Chapter 10: Electrical System
120V Dual Shore Power w/Generator Architecture
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Chapter 10: Electrical System
12V Deck Harness
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Chapter 10: Electrical System
12V Hull Harness
69
Chapter 10: Electrical System
12V Helm Harness
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Chapter 10: Electrical System
12V Galley Harness
12V Engine Harness
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Chapter 10: Electrical System
12V Breaker Panel Harness
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Chapter 10: Electrical System
12V Head Harness
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Important Records
Selling Dealer
Key Numbers
Name Of Dealership
Ignition
Other
Address
Electronics
Phone/FAX/E-mail
Manufacturer
Model Name/Number
Sales Manager
Serial Number
Service Manager
Manufacturer
Model Name/Number
Engine
Serial Number
Manufacturer
Model Name/Number
Engine Serial Number
Oil Type/SAE
Quarts per Engine
Manufacturer
Filter Type
Propeller
Model Name/Number
Serial Number
Manufacturer
Model Name/Number
Serial Number
Manufacturer
Pitch
Model Number
Manufacturer
Model Name/Number
Serial Number
Manufacturer
Model Name/Number
Serial Number
Manufacturer
Model Name/Number
Serial Number
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285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Float Plan
Before going boating, fill out a copy of this float plan (or similar) and leave it with a reliable person whom you can
depend on to contact the Coast Guard or other rescue organization, if you do not return as scheduled.
Description of Boat
Registration/Documentation Number
Length
Make
Hull Color
Full Name
Type
Age
Health
Phone Number
Trim Color
Full Name
Fuel Capacity
Engine Type
Number of Engines
Age
Health
Phone Number
Distinguishing Features
Full Name
Distinguishing Features
Age
Health
Phone Number
Operator of Boat
Full Name
Full Name
Age
Male or Female
Age
Health
Phone Number
Health
Full Name
Address
Age
Health
Phone Number
Address
Full Name
Phone/FAX/E-mail
Age
Operator’s Experience
Health
Phone Number
Full Name
Persons Onboard
Age
Health
Phone Number
Full Name
Age
Health
Full Name
Phone Number
Age
Health
Phone Number
Full Name
Age
Health
Phone Number
75
Float Plan
285 Cruiser • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Survival Equipment
Trip Expectations
Marine Radio (Yes/No)
Type
Frequencies
Number of PFDs
Flares (Yes/No)
Mirror (Yes/No)
Smoke Signals (Yes/No)
Flashlight (Yes/No)
Food (Yes/No)
Departing From
Departure Date
Departure Time
Stopover 1
Water (Yes/No)
Anchor (Yes/No)
Raft/Dinghy (Yes/No)
Arrive No Later Than: Date
Paddles (Yes/No)
EPIRB (Yes/No)
Other
Other
Other
Other
Arrive No Later Than: Time
Stopover 2
Arrive No Later Than: Date
Arrive No Later Than: Time
Vehicle Description
Stopover 3
Make
Model
Arrive No Later Than: Date
Color
Arrive No Later Than: Time
License Number
Stopover 4
Where is the Vehicle Parked?
Arrive No Later Than: Date
Arrive No Later Than: Time
Stopover 5
Arrive No Later Than: Date
Arrive No Later Than: Time
Stopover 6
Arrive No Later Than: Date
Arrive No Later Than: Time
Final Destination Port (If Different Than Home Port)
Arrive No Later Than: Date
Arrive No Later Than: Time
If not returned by the date and time listed above, call
the Coast Guard or other local authority.
Coast Guard Phone Number
Local Authority Phone Number
76
Part Number 1964660
Bayliner • 17825 59th Ave NE • Arlington, WA 98223 • 360-435-5571 • www.bayliner.com
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