null  null
ИСТОЧНИКИ-ИЗМЕРИТЕЛИ
23
• Источники-измерители серии 2400 обладают широким динамическим диапазоном
от 10 пА до 10 А, от 1 мкВ до 1100 В, от 20 Вт
до 1000 Вт.
• Работа в четырех квадрантах диаграммы
ток-напряжение.
• Основная погрешность 0,012%, разрешение
5,5 разрядов.
• Измерение сопротивлений по четырех- и
шестипроводной схеме подключения с программируемыми током и напряжением на
зажимах измеряемого устройства.
• 1700 измерений в секунду с разрешением
4,5 разрядов и передачей данных через
интерфейс GPIB.
• Встроенный компаратор обеспечивает
быстрое тестирование на соответствие.
• В большинстве моделей предусмотрена
дополнительная функция автоматической
проверки качества контактов.
• Цифровые линии ввода-вывода позволяют
проводить быструю сортировку компонентов и подключение к манипуляторам (кроме
модели 2401).
• Интерфейсы GPIB, RS-232, триггерные линии.
Принадлежности, входящие в комплект поставки:
измерительные кабели;
программный драйвер LabVIEW (загружаемый с сайта);
программное обеспечение LabTracer (загружаемое с сайта).
Широчайший динамический диапазон по току
и напряжению для задач высокоскоростного
автоматизированного промышленного
тестирования и для лабораторного применения
Источники-измерители серии 2400
Серия 2400 источников-измерителей специально предназначена для задач тестирования, требующих точного взаимодействия источников и измерителей тока и напряжения. Каждая модель данной серии содержит прецизионные
высокостабильные малошумящие источники постоянного тока и напряжения с обратной связью и малошумящий
мультиметр разрешением 5,5 разрядов с большим входным сопротивлением, обеспечивающий высокую повторяемость результатов. Источник-измеритель представляет собой компактный одноканальный параметрический тестер
по постоянному току. Источники-измерители могут использоваться в качестве источника напряжения, тока, вольтметра, амперметра и омметра. Они обладают целым рядом преимуществ по сравнению с системами, состоящими
из отдельных источников и измерительных приборов. Например, благодаря своему компактному размеру всего в
половину высоты стойки они позволяют сэкономить ценное место в измерительной стойке или на столе. Кроме того,
эти приборы до минимума сокращают время, требующееся для проектирования, сборки, настройки и обслуживания
измерительного комплекса, что снижает общую стоимость владения измерительным комплексом. Помимо этого
источники-измерители серии 2400 упрощают процедуру измерений, устраняя много сложных проблем синхронизации и подключения, возникающих при использовании нескольких приборов. Все приборы серии 2400 подходят для
выполнения широкого спектра измерений в непрерывном режиме, в том числе для измерения сопротивления при
заданном токе, напряжения пробоя, тока утечки, сопротивления изоляции и других электрических характеристик.
Keithley • Измерения и тестирование • Справочник по продукции
24
ИСТОЧНИКИ-ИЗМЕРИТЕЛИ
Измерение тока и напряжения
Амперметр
Все приборы SourceMeter серии 2400 обеспечивают работу в
четырех квадрантах диаграммы ток-напряжение. В первом
и третьем квадрантах они работают как источники, отдавая
мощность в нагрузку. Во втором и четвертом квадрантах
они работают как электронная нагрузка, рассеивая внутри
себя мощность внешних источников. Напряжение, ток и
сопротивление можно измерять как в режиме источника,
так и в режиме электронной нагрузки.
Внутр.
Вх./вых. HI
Внеш.
Изм. HI
Амперметр/
контроль тока
Внутр.
Вх./вых. HI
Внеш.
Изм. HI
Внутр.
Изм. LO
Внеш.
Вх./вых. LO
Вольтметр
Источник
тока
ТУ
Вольтметр/
контроль напряжения
Изм. LO
Внеш.
Вх./вых. LO
Конфигурация источника тока с измерением напряжения, тока или сопротивления
ТУ
Обратная связь
для подстройки
источника напряжения
Источник
напряжения
Внутр.
Конфигурация источника напряжения с измерением
тока, напряжения или сопротивления
Источники-измерители серии 2400
+1A
Источник-измеритель модели 2400
+100мА
–200B
+1A
Низковольтный
источник-измеритель модели 2401
–20B
+20B
Только для
модели 2400
+200B
–200B
+100мА
–2 0B
+20B
Только для
модели 2400
–100мА
–100мА
Для скважности импульсов
не ниже заданной
–1A
Высоковольтный
источник-измеритель
модели 2410
–1100B
–200B
–20B
Сильноточный (до 3 А )
источник-измеритель
модели 2420
+1A
Для скважности импульсов
не ниже заданной
–1A
Мощный (до 100 Вт)
источник-измеритель
модели 2425
+3A
+3A
+200мА
+1A
+1A
+20мА
+100мА
+100мА
+20B
+200B
+1100B
–60B
–20мА
–20B
+20B
+60B
–100B
+10A
Мощный импульсный
(до 1 кВт)
источник-измеритель
моделии 2430
–3A
+1A
+20
+60
+100B
–3A
Для скважности
импульсов
не ниже заданной
5A
3A
1A
+100мА
–20
+20
–1A
Для скважности импульсов
не ниже заданной
Сильноточный
(до 5 А )
источник-измеритель
модели 2440
+3A
–20
–100мА
–1A
Для скважности импульсов
не ниже заданной
–1A
–60
–60
–100мА
–100мА
–100B
+200B
100мА
+60
+100B
–40B
–10B
+10B
+40B
–100мА
–100мА
–1A
–1A
–3A
–3A
Для скважности импульсов
не ниже заданной
Только для импульсного режима
–10A
–5A
Для скважности импульсов
не ниже заданной
Keithley • Измерения и тестирование • Справочник по продукции
ИСТОЧНИКИ-ИЗМЕРИТЕЛИ
25
Краткие технические характеристики источников-измерителей серии 2400
Погрешность источника напряжения и вольтметра (в режиме измерения напряжения на нагрузке и контроля напряжения в
цепи зондирующего тока)
Модель
Диапазон
Программное
разрешение
2400, 2400-C,
2401
200,000 мВ
2,00000 В
20,0000 В
200,000 В*
5 мкВ
50 мкВ
500 мкВ
5 мВ
Погрешность источника
(в течение 1 года)
23 °C ± 5 °C
±(% от показаний + вольт)
0,02% + 600 мкВ
0,02% + 600 мкВ
0,02% + 2,4 мВ
0,02% + 24 мВ
* Кроме модели 2401.
ДОПОЛНИТЕЛЬНАЯ ТЕМПЕРАТУРНАЯ ПОГРЕШНОСТЬ (0–18 °С и
28–50 °С): ±(0,15 x основная погрешность)/°C.
РЕГУЛИРОВКА НАПРЯЖЕНИЯ: на выходных зажимах – 0,01% от диапазона. На нагрузке – 0,01% от диапазона + 100 мкВ.
ЗАЩИТА ОТ ПЕРЕНАПРЯЖЕНИЯ: пользовательские значения, допуск
5%. Значение, устанавливаемое по умолчанию отключена.
ОГРАНИЧЕНИЕ ТОКА: ограничение тока в обоих направлениях (при
контроле тока) задается одним значением. Мин. значение - 0,1% от
диапазона.
АМПЛИТУДА ПЕРЕХОДНОГО ПРОЦЕССА: бросок не более 0,1%
(типовое значение при перепаде на всю шкалу источника, активная
нагрузка, диапазон 10 мА).
Разрешение измерительной системы, принятая по умолчанию
1 мкВ
10 мкВ
100 мкВ
1 мВ
Погрешность измерения
(в течение 1 года)
23 °C ± 5 °C
±(% от показаний + вольт)
0,012% + 300 мкВ
0,012% + 300 мкВ
0,015% + 1,5 мВ
0,015% + 10 мВ
Скорость нарастания выходного
напряжения
(±30%)
0,08 В/мкс
0,5 В/мкс
Предельные значения
в режимах источника и
электронной нагрузки
± 21 В при токе ±1,05 A
± 210 В при токе ±105 мА*
ДОПОЛНИТЕЛЬНЫЕ ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ (для всех моделей серии 2400)
ДЛИТЕЛЬНОСТЬ ПЕРЕХОДНЫХ ПРОЦЕССОВ: для возврата выходных
параметров к номинальным значениям после ступенчатого изменения нагрузки требуется не менее 30 мкс.
ВРЕМЯ ВЫПОЛНЕНИЯ КОМАНДЫ: максимальное время до начала
изменения выходных параметров после получения команды
SOURce:VOLTage|CURRent <nrf> при автоматическом выборе диапазона 10 мс, при отключенном автоматическм выборе диапазона
7 мс.
ВРЕМЯ УСТАНОВЛЕНИЯ ВЫХОДНОГО СИГНАЛА: время после обработки команды, необходимое для того, чтобы выходной сигнал
достиг значения, отличающегося от конечного не более чем на 0,1%.
Типовое значение 100 мкс (для активной нагрузки и диапазонатока
от 10 мкА до 100 мА).
СМЕЩЕНИЕ АНАЛОГОВОЙ ЗЕМЛИ ОТНОСИТЕЛЬНО ПОТЕНЦИАЛА
КОРПУСА: до ±250 В (±40 В для модели 2440).
ПАДЕНИЕ НАПРЯЖЕНИЯ НА ЛИНИЯХ ВОЛЬТМЕТРА (SENSE): не более
1 В на каждой линии
ПОГРЕШНОСТЬ КОНТРОЛЯ НАПРЯЖЕНИЯ И ТОКА: к значению основной погрешности следует добавить 0,3% от диапазона и ±0,02% от
показаний.
ЗАЩИТА ОТ ПЕРЕГРЕВА: в случае перегрева, обнаруживаемого
внутренним датчиком, источник-измеритель переходит в режим
ожидания.
БРОСОК ПРИ СМЕНЕ ДИАПАЗОНА: тип. 100 мВ (для соседних диапазонов, при полностью активной нагрузке 100 кОм, в полосе частот от
10 Гц до 1 МГц), кроме диапазонов 20 В/200 В (20 В/60 В для модели
2420) и 20 В/100 В для моделей 2425 и 2430, граничного диапазона
и модели 2440.
МИНИМАЛЬНОЕ ИЗМЕРЯЕМОЕ ЗНАЧЕНИЕ ПРИ КОНТРОЛЕ ТОКА И
НАПРЯЖЕНИЯ: 0,1% от диапазона.
Погрешность по току источника тока и амперметра (в режиме измерения тока нагрузки и контроля тока в цепи источника напряжения)
Модель
Диапазон
Программное
разрешение
2400, 2400-C,
2401
1,00000 мкА
10,0000 мкА
100,000 мкА
1,00000 мА
10,0000 мА
100,000 мА
1,00000 А
50 пА
500 пА
5 нА
50 нА
500 нА
5 мкА
50 мкА
Погрешность источника (в
течение 1 года) 23 °C ± 5 °C ±
(% показаний + ампер)
0,035% + 600 пА
0,033% + 2 нА
0,031% + 20 нА
0,034% + 200 нА
0,045% + 2 мкА
0,066% + 20 мкА
0,27% + 900 мкА
Разрешение при измерении
(по умолчанию)
10 пА
100 пА
1 нА
10 нА
100 нА
1 мкА
10 мкА
ДОПОЛНИТЕЛЬНАЯ ТЕМПЕРАТУРНАЯ ПОГРЕШНОСТЬ (0–18 °С и 28–50 °С): ±(0,15 x номинальная
погрешность)/°С
РЕГУЛИРОВКА ТОКА: в цепи зондирующего тока – 0,01% от диапазона. В нагрузке – 0,01% от диапазона
(для диапазона 5 А модели 2440 – 0,05%) + 100 пА.
ОГРАНИЧЕНИЕ НАПРЯЖЕНИЯ: пороговое значение для обеих полярностей задается одним значением. Мин.
значение 0,1% от диапазона.
АМПЛИТУДА ПЕРЕХОДНОГО ПРОЦЕССА: бросок не более < 0,1%, типовое значение при шаге 1 мА, сопротивлении нагрузки 10 кОм, диапазоне 20 В для моделей 2400, 2401, 2410, 2420, 2425, 2430 (10 В для модели
2440).
Погрешность измерения (в
течение 1 года) 23 °C ± 5 °C ±
(% показаний + ампер)
0,029% + 300 пА
0,027% + 700 пА
0,025% + 6 нА
0,027% + 60 нА
0,035% + 600 нА
0,055% + 6 мкА
0,22% + 570 мкА
Предельные значения в режимах источника и электронной
нагрузки
±1,05 A при ±21 В ±105 мА при ±210 В
ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ СИСТЕМЫ ПРОВЕРКИ КАЧЕСТВА
КОНТАКТОВ (только для моделей с литерой «С»)
Кроме модели 2401
СКОРОСТЬ: время проверки и уведомления 350 мкс
ПРОВЕРКА КОНТАКТОВ:
Есть контакт
Нет контакта
2 Ом
< 1,00 Ом
> 3,00 Ом
15 Ом
< 13,5 Ом
> 16,5 Ом
50 Ом
< 47,5 Ом
> 52,5 Ом
Погрешность измерения сопротивления для четырехпроводной и двухпроводной схемы (без учета влияния сопротивления проводов)
Диапазон
Разрешение
по умолчанию
Измерительный ток
по умолчанию
2400, 2401, 2410
< 0,20000 Ом
–
–
2,00000 Ом
10 мкОм
–
20,0000 Ом
200,000 Ом
2,00000 кОм
20,0000 кОм
200,000 кОм
2,00000 МОм
20,0000 МОм
200,000 МОм
> 200,000 МОм
100 мкОм
1 мОм
10 мОм
100 мОм
1 Ом
10 Ом
100 Ом
1 кОм
–
100 мА
10 мА
1 мА
100 мкА
10 мкА
1 мкА
1 мкА
100 нА
–
Погрешность в обычном
режиме
(23 °C ± 5 °C)
1 год, ±(% показаний + ом)
2400, 2401
(погрешность источника тока) +
(погрешность вольтметра)
(погрешность источника тока) +
(погрешность вольтметра)
0,10% + 0,003 Ом
0,08%+ 0,03 Ом
0,07%+ 0,3 Ом
0,06%+ 3 Ом
0,07%+ 30 Ом
0,11%+ 300 Ом
0,11% + 1 кОм
0,66%+ 10 кОм
(погрешность источника тока) +
(погрешность вольтметра)
Погрешность в режиме повышенной точности
(23 °C ± 5 °C)
1 год, ±(% показаний + ом)
2400, 2401
(погрешность источника тока) +
(погрешность вольтметра)
(погрешность источника тока) +
(погрешность вольтметра)
0,07% + 0,001 Ом
0,05%+ 0,01 Ом
0,05%+ 0,1 Ом
0,04%+ 1 Ом
0,05%+ 10 Ом
0,05%+ 100 Ом
0,05%+ 500 Ом
0,35%+ 5 кОм
(погрешность источника тока) +
(погрешность вольтметра)
Keithley • Измерения и тестирование • Справочник по продукции
ДОПОЛНИТЕЛЬНАЯ ТЕМПЕРАТУРНАЯ ПОГРЕШНОСТЬ (0–18 °С и 28–50 °С
): ± 0,15 х основная погрешность)/°C.
РЕЖИМ ИСТОЧНИКА ТОКА И ИЗМЕРЕНИЯ СОПРОТИВЛЕНИЯ В РУЧНОМ
РЕЖИМЕ: общая погрешность = погрешность источника тока + погрешность измерения напряжения (четырехпроводная схема подключения ).
РЕЖИМ ИСТОЧНИКА НАПРЯЖЕНИЯ И ИЗМЕРЕНИЯ СОПРОТИВЛЕНИЯ
В РУЧНОМ РЕЖИМЕ: общая погрешность = погрешность источника
напряжения + погрешность измерения тока (четырехпроводная схема
подлключения).
ШЕСТИПРОВОДНАЯ СХЕМА ПОДКЛЮЧЕНИЯ: измерения сопротивлений
могут выполняться с использованием активной компенсации токов
утечки при помощи эквипотенциального охранного электрода (Guard) и
охранного измерительного электрода (Guard Sense). Макс. выходной ток
активной компенсации охранного электрода - 50 мА (кроме диапазона 1
А). Погрешность зависит от нагрузки. Формулу для расчета см. в техническом документе № 2033.
ВЫХОДНОЕ СОПРОТИВЛЕНИЕ ОХРАННОГО ЭЛЕКТРОДА (Guard): < 0,1 Ом в
режиме измерения сопротивлений.
26
ИСТОЧНИКИ-ИЗМЕРИТЕЛИ
Краткие технические характеристики источников-измерителей серии 2400 (продолжение)
Быстродействие
РЕЖИМ ИЗМЕРЕНИЯ1
МАКСИМАЛЬНАЯ СКОРОСТЬ ПЕРЕКЛЮЧЕНИЯ ДИАПАЗОНОВ: 75/сек.
МАКСИМАЛЬНОЕ ВРЕМЯ ИЗМЕРЕНИЯ В РЕЖИМЕ АВТОМАТИЧЕСКОГО ВЫБОРА ДИАПАЗОНА: 40 мс (при постоянных параметрах источника)2.
Скорость измерений (отсчетов в секунду) в режиме развертки3 для частоты 60 Гц (50 Гц).
Режим измерения
Скорость
Высокая
Режим IEEE-488.1
Высокая
Режим IEEE-488.2
Средняя
Режим IEEE-488.2
Стандартная
Режим IEEE-488.2
NPLC*/тип сигнала
запуска
0,01/внутренний
0,01/внешний
0,01/внутренний
0,01/внешний
0,10/внутренний
0,10/внешний
1,00/внутренний
1,00/внешний
Запись
в память
2081 (2030)
1239 (1200)
2081 (2030)
1239 (1200)
510 (433)
438 (380)
59 (49)
57 (48)
Передача
по GPIB
1754
1254
1198 (1210)
1079 (1050)
509 (433)
438 (380)
59 (49)
57 (48)
Режим источника-измерителя
(установка напряжения или
тока источника с измерением)
Запись
Передача
в память
по GPIB
1551 (1515)
1369
1018 (990)
1035
1551 (1515)
1000 (900)
1018 (990)
916 (835)
470 (405)
470 (410)
409 (360)
409 (365)
58 (48)
58 (48)
57 (48)
57 (47)
Тестирование на соответствие4, 5 в режиме источникаизмерителя5
Запись
Передача
в память
по GPIB
902 (900)
981
830 (830)
886
902 (900)
809 (840)
830 (830)
756 (780)
389 (343)
388 (343)
374 (333)
374 (333)
56 (47)
56 (47)
56 (47)
56 (47)
Режим источника 4
Запись
в память
165 (162)
163 (160)
165 (162)
163 (160)
133 (126)
131 (125)
44 (38)
44 (38)
Передача
по GPIB
165
163
164 (162)
162 (160)
132 (126)
131 (125)
44 (38)
44 (38)
* - NPLC – период напряжения промышленной сети (20 мс для 50 Гц). Например. Значению NPLC=0,01 соответствует время усреднения 200 мкс.
Скорость измерений (отсчетов в секунду) в режиме единичных отсчетов для частоты 60 Гц (50 Гц).
Скорость
NPLC/тип сигнала запуска
Высокая (488.1)
Высокая (488.2)
Средняя (488.2)
Стандартная (488.2)
0,01/внутренний
0,01/внутренний
0,10/внутренний
1,00/внутренний
Режим измерения
с передачей по GPIB
537
256 (256)
167 (166)
49 (42)
Режим источника-измерителя5 с
передачей по GPIB
140
79 (83)
72 (70)
34 (31)
Тестирование на соответствие4, 5 в режиме источника-измерителя5 с передачей по GPIB
135
79 (83)
69 (70)
35 (30)
Режим измерения с передачей по GPIB
1,04 мс (1,08 мс)
2,55 мс (2,9 мс)
17,53 мс (20,9 мс)
Тестирование на соответствие в режиме источника
0,5 мс (0,5 мс)
0,5 мс (0,5 мс)
0,5 мс (0,5 мс)
Тестирование на соответствие5, 7 в режиме источника-измерителя с передачей по GPIB
4,82 мс (5,3 мс)
6,27 мс (7,1 мс)
21,31 мс (25,0 мс)
Время измерений на частоте 60 Гц (50 Гц): 4, 6
Скорость
NPLC/тип сигнала запуска
Высокая
Средняя
Стандартная
0,01/внешний
0,10/внешний
1,00/внешний
Скорости снятия показаний применимы к измерениям напряжения или тока. Автоматическое обнуление выкл., автоматический выбор диапазона выкл., фильтр выкл., отображение выкл., задержка запуска = 0, двоичный формат передачи.
2 Соединительные провода имеют только активное сопротивление. В диапазонах 1 мкА и 10 мкА < 65 мс.
3 Приведены параметры для развертки 1000 точек с источником, работающим в фиксированном диапазоне.
1
7
4
5
6
Тестирование на соответствие выполняется с использованием одного верхнего предела и одного нижнего предела.
Включая время на перепрограммирование источника на новый уровень перед проведением измерений.
Время от заднего фронта сигнала «НАЧАЛО ТЕСТИРОВАНИЯ» до заднего фронта сигнала «КОНЕЦ ТЕСТИРОВАНИЯ»
Время обработки команды SOURce:VOLTage|CURRent:TRIGgered <nrf> не учитывается.
ОБЩИЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ
Подавление шумов
Скорость
NPLC
NMRR
CMRR
Высокая
0,01
–
80 дБ
Средняя
0,1
–
80 дБ
Стандартная
1
60 дБ
100 дБ1
1. Кроме двух нижних диапазонов тока, для которых 90 дБ.
СОПРОТИВЛЕНИЕ НАГРУЗКИ: стабильность сохраняется до тип. зн. 20 000 пФ.
МАКСИМАЛЬНОЕ НАПРЯЖЕНИЕ СИНФАЗНОГО СИГНАЛА: 250 В (40 в пост. для модели 2440)
СОПРОТИВЛЕНИЕ ИЗОЛЯЦИИ В РЕЖИМЕ СИНФАЗНОГО СИГНАЛА: > 109 Ом, < 1000 пФ.
ВЫХОД ЗА ПРЕДЕЛЫ ДИАПАЗОНА: 105% от диапазона для источника и измерителя.
МАКС. ПАДЕНИЕ НАПРЯЖЕНИЯ МЕЖДУ КЛЕММАМИ ИСТОЧНИКА И ИЗМЕРИТЕЛЯ Input/Output HI –
Sense HI, Input/Output LO – Sense LO: 5 В
МАКС. СОПРОТИВЛЕНИЕ СОЕДИНИТЕЛЬНЫХ ЛИНИЙ Sense LO, Sense HI: 1 МОм для обеспечения номинальной погрешности.
СОПРОТИВЛЕНИЕ ИЗМЕРИТЕЛЬНОГО ВХОДА: > 1010 Ом
НАПРЯЖЕНИЕ СМЕЩЕНИЯ ОХРАННОГО ЭЛЕКТРОДА: тип. зн. < 150 мкВ (300 мкВ для моделей 2430,
2440).
ВЫХОДНЫЕ РЕЖИМЫ ИСТОЧНИКА: импульсный (только для модели 2430), с фиксированным постоянным уровнем, последовательность постоянных уровней из внутренней памяти (комбинированная
функциональность), ступенчатая развертка (линейная и логарифмическая).
БУФЕР ПАМЯТИ: 5000 пятизначных отсчетов (два буфера по 2500 точек). Включает выбранные измеренные значения и временную метку. Резервное питание от литиевой батареи (срок службы батареи не
менее 3 лет).
ВНУТРЕЕННЯЯ ПАМЯТЬ ИСТОЧНИКА: не более 100 значений.
ВОЗМОЖНОСТЬ ПРОГРАММИРОВАНИЯ: IEEE-488 (SCPI-1995.0), RS-232, 5 пользовательских конфигураций, заводская конфигурация по умолчанию и сброс (команда *RST).
ЦИФРОВОЙ ИНТЕРФЕЙС
Блокировка: активный вход низкого уровня.
Интерфейс манипулятора: запуск тестирования, завершение тестирования, 3 бита категории. Питание
+5 В, 300 мА.
Цифровые входы и выходы: 1 вход запуска, 4 выхода TTL или выхода управления (33 В, 500 мА, диодная фиксация уровня).
ЭЛЕКТРОПИТАНИЕ: от 100 до 240 В / 50–60 Гц (автоматическое определение при включении). Модели
2400, 2401: 190 ВА. Модель 2410: 210 ВА. Модель 2420: 220 ВА. Модели 2425, 2430: 250 ВА. Модель 2440:
240 ВА.
ЭЛЕКТРОМАГНИТНАЯ СОВМЕСТИМОСТЬ: в соответствии с Директивой Европейского союза 89/336/EEC,
EN 61326-1.
БЕЗОПАСНОСТЬ: аттестовано UL согласно UL 61010B-1:2003. Соответствует Директиве Европейского союза
по низковольтному оборудованию.
УСТОЙЧИВОСТЬ К ВИБРАЦИИ: MIL-PRF-28800F класс 3, произвольная.
ВРЕМЯ ПРОГРЕВА: в течение одного часа для обеспечения номинальных погрешностей.
РАЗМЕРЫ: (высота х ширина х глубина) 89 х 213 х 370 мм (3-1/2 х 8-3/8 х 14-9/16 дюйм). Настольная
модификация (с рукояткой и ножками): (высота х ширина х глубина) 104 х 238 х 370 мм (4-1/8 х 9-3/8 х
14-9/16 дюйм).
МАССА: 3,21 кг (7,08 фунт) (модели 2425, 2430, 2440: 4,1 кг, 9,0 фунт).
УСЛОВИЯ ЭКСПЛУАТАЦИИ И ХРАНЕНИЯ: рабочий диапазон температур: 0–50 °C, отн. влажность 70% при
35 °C. В диапазоне температур 35–50 °С допустимая отн. влажность снижается на 3% на градус.
Диапазон температур хранения: от –25 °С до +65 °C.
Keithley • Измерения и тестирование • Справочник по продукции
®
Keithley’s Series 2400 Source Measure Unit (SMU) Instruments
are designed specifically for test applications that demand tightly
coupled sourcing and measurement. All SourceMeter models provide precision voltage and current sourcing as well as measurement capabilities. Each SourceMeter SMU instrument is both
a highly stable DC power source and a true instrument-grade
6½-digit multimeter. The power source characteristics include
low noise, precision, and readback. The multimeter capabilities
include high repeatability and low noise. The result is a compact,
single-channel, DC parametric tester. In operation, these instruments can act as a voltage source, a current source, a voltage
meter, a current meter, and an ohmmeter. Manufacturers of
components and modules for the communications, semiconductor, computer, automotive, and medical industries will find the
SourceMeter SMU instruments invaluable for a wide range of
characterization and production test applications.
• Five instruments in one
(IV Source, IVR Measure)
• Seven models: 20–100W DC,
1000W pulsed, 1100V to 1µV,
10A to 10pA
• Source and sink (4-quadrant)
operation
• 0.012% basic measure accuracy
with 6½-digit resolution
• 2-, 4-, and 6-wire remote
V-source and measure sensing
• 1700 readings/second at
4½ digits via GPIB
• Pass/Fail comparator for fast
sorting/binning
• Available high speed sense lead
contact check function
SMU INSTRUMENTS
SourceMeter SMU Instruments
• Programmable DIO port for
automation/handler/prober
control (except Model 2401)
• Standard SCPI GPIB, RS-232 and
Keithley Trigger Link interfaces
• Keithley LabTracer 2.0 I-V curve
tracing application software
(download)
Advantages of a Tightly Integrated Instrument
By linking source and measurement circuitry in a single unit,
these instruments offer a variety of advantages over systems
configured with separate source and measurement instruments.
For example, they minimize the time required for test station
development, setup, and maintenance, while lowering the overall
cost of system ownership. They simplify the test process itself
by eliminating many of the complex synchronization and connection issues associated with using
multiple instruments. And, their compact half-rack size conserves precious “real estate” in the test
rack or bench.
Power of Five Instruments in One (IV Source, IVR Measure)
The tightly coupled nature of a SourceMeter SMU instrument provides many advantages over solutions configured from separate instruments, such as a precision power supply and a digital multimeter. For example, it provides faster test times by reducing GPIB traffic and simplifies the remote programming interface. It also protects the device under test from damage due to accidental overloads,
thermal runaway, etc. Both the current and voltage source are programmable with readback to help
maximize device measurement integrity. If the readback reaches a programmed compliance limit,
then the source is clamped at the limit, providing fault protection.
ACCESSORIES AVAILABLE
TEST LEADS
1754
5804
5805
5808
5809
8607
CA-18-1
AND PROBES
2-Wire Universal 10-Piece Test Lead Kit
Kelvin (4-Wire) Universal 10-Piece Test Lead Kit
Kelvin (4-Wire) Spring-Loaded Probes
Low Cost Single-pin Kelvin Probe Set
Low Cost Kelvin Clip Lead Set
2-Wire, 1000V Banana Cables, 1m (3.3 ft)
Shielded Dual Banana Cable, 1.2m (4 ft)
SWITCHING
7001
7002
7019-C
7053
HARDWARE
Two-Slot Switch System
Ten-Slot Switch System
6-Wire Ohms Switch Card
High-Current Switch Card
CABLES/ADAPTERS
7007-1
Shielded GPIB Cable, 1m (3.3 ft)
7007-2
Shielded GPIB Cable, 2m (6.6 ft)
7009-5
RS-232 Cable
8620
Shorting Plug
Communication Interface
KPCI-488LPA IEEE-488 Interface/Controller for the PCI Bus
KUSB-488B
IEEE-488 USB-to-GPIB Interface Adapter
Triggering and Control
2499-DIGIO Digital I/O Expander Assembly
(not for Model 2401)
8501-1
Trigger Link Cable, DIN-to-DIN, 1m (3.3 ft)
8501-2
Trigger Link Cable, DIN-to-DIN, 2m (6.6 ft)
8502
Trigger Link to BNC Breakout Box
8503
Trigger Link Cable, DIN-to-Dual BNC, 1m (3.3 ft)
8505
Male to 2-Female Y-DIN Cable for Trigger Link
RACK MOUNT KITS
4288-1
Single Fixed Rack Mount Kit
4288-2
Dual Fixed Rack Mount Kit
4288-4
Dual Fixed Rack Mount Kit
4288-5
Shelf Type Side by Side Rack Mounting Kit
4288-9
Dual Fixed Rack Mounting Kit
Software
LabTracer 2.0 Curve Tracing Software (downloadable)
1.888.KEITHLEY (U.S. only)
www.keithley.com
A Greater Measure of Confidence
Tightly coupled precision sourcing and measurement
Tightly coupled precision sourcing and measurement
Series 2400
Tightly coupled precision sourcing and measurement
2400
200V, 1A, 20W
SourceMeter SMU
Instrument
2400-C 200V, 1A, 20W
SourceMeter SMU
Instrument with Contact
Check
2401 20V, 1A, 20W SourceMeter
SMU Instrument
2410 1100V, 1A, 20W
SourceMeter SMU
Instrument
2410-C 1100V, 1A, 20W
SourceMeter SMU
Instrument with Contact
Check
2420 60V, 3A, 60W SourceMeter
SMU Instrument
2420-C 60V, 3A, 60W SourceMeter
SMU Instrument with
Contact Check
2425 100V, 3A, 100W
SourceMeter SMU
Instrument
2425-C 100V, 3A, 100W
SourceMeter SMU
Instrument with Contact
Check
2430 100V, 10A, 1000W
Pulse Mode SourceMeter
SMU Instrument
2430-C 100V, 10A, 1000W
Pulse Mode SourceMeter
SMU Instrument with
Contact Check
2440 40V, 5A, 50W SourceMeter
SMU Instrument
2440-C 40V, 5A, 50W SourceMeter
SMU Instrument with
Contact Check
Accessories Supplied
Model 8605 Test Leads
LabVIEW Software Driver
­(downloadable)
LabTracer Software
­(downloadable)
®
I-V Characteristics
All SourceMeter SMU instruments provide four-quadrant operation. In the first and third quadrants
they o­ perate as a source, delivering power to a load. In the second and fourth quadrants they operate as a sink, d­ issipating power internally. Voltage, current, and resistance can be measured during
source or sink ­operation.
Imeter
Local
IN/OUT HI
Remote
SENSE HI
Imeter/Compliance
Isource
Local
IN/OUT HI
Remote
SENSE HI
Remote
SENSE LO
Local
IN/OUT LO
Vmeter
Vsource
DUT
DUT
Feedback to
Adjust Vsource
Vmeter/Compliance
Remote
SENSE LO
Local
IN/OUT LO
Source I–Measure V, I, or W configuration
Source V–Measure I, V, or W configuration
Series 2400 SourceMeter SMU Instruments
+1A
Model 2400
SourceMeter
SMU Instrument
–200V
+100mA
–20V
+20V
2400
only
+1A
Model 2401
Low-Voltage
SourceMeter
SMU Instrument
+200V
–200V
+100mA
–20V
+20V
2400
only
–100mA
–100mA
Duty cycle limited
Duty cycle limited
–1A
–1A
Model 2410
High-Voltage
SourceMeter
SMU Instrument
Model 2420
3A SourceMeter
SMU Instrument
+1A
+20V
Model 2425
100W SourceMeter
SMU Instrument
+200V +1100V
–60V
–20mA
Model 2430
1kW Pulse Mode
SourceMeter
SMU Instrument
+20V
+100mA
+60V
–100V
+10A
+3A
+1A
–3A
Duty cycle
limited
–3A
3A
100mA
–40V
–10V
+10V
+40V
–100mA
–100mA
–1A
–1A
–3A
–3A
Duty cycle limited
Pulse mode only
–10A
1.888.KEITHLEY (U.S. only)
www.keithley.com
A Greater Measure of Confidence
Duty cycle
limited
5A
Model 2440
5A SourceMeter
SMU Instrument
1A
+20 +60 +100V
+100V
–1A
–1A
Duty cycle
limited
+20 +60
–100mA
+100mA
–100V –60 –20
–60 –20
–100mA
–100mA
–1A
–20V
+3A
+1A
+100mA
+20mA
–20V
+3A
+1A
+200mA
–1100V –200V
+200V
Tightly coupled precision sourcing and measurement
Ordering Information
SourceMeter SMU Instruments
–5A
Duty cycle limited
SMU INSTRUMENTS
Series 2400
SourceMeter SMU Instruments
®
Automation for Speed
A SourceMeter SMU instrument streamlines production testing. It sources voltage or current while
making measurements without needing to change connections. It is designed for reliable operation
in non-stop production environments. To provide the throughput demanded by production applications, the SourceMeter SMU instrument offers many built-in features that allow it to run complex test
sequences without computer control or GPIB communications slowing things down.
Standard and Custom Sweeps
Sweep solutions greatly accelerate testing with
automation hooks. Three basic sweep waveforms
are provided that can be programmed for singleevent or continuous operation. They are ideal for
I/V, I/R, V/I, and V/R characterization.
• Linear Staircase Sweep: Moves from the start
level to the stop level in equal linear steps
• Logarithmic Staircase Sweep: Done on a
log scale with a specified number of steps
per decade
• Custom Sweep: Allows construction of
special sweeps by specifying the number of
measurement points and the source level at
each point
• Up to 1700 readings/second at 4½ digits to
the GPIB bus
• 5000 readings can be stored in the nonvolatile buffer memory
Stop
Start
Bias
Bias
Linear staircase sweep
Stop
Start
Bias
Bias
Logarithmic staircase sweep
Start
Stop
User
defined
steps
Built-In Test Sequencer
Bias
Bias
(Source Memory List)
The Source Memory list provides faster and
Custom sweep
easier testing by allowing you to setup and
execute up to 100 different tests that run without
PC intervention.
• Stores up to 100 instrument configurations, each containing source settings, measurement
­settings, pass/fail criteria, etc.
• Pass/fail limit test as fast as 500µs per point
• Onboard comparator eliminates the delay caused when sending data to the computer for analysis
• Built-in, user definable math functions to calculate derived parameters
Typical Applications
Devices:
• Discrete semiconductor devices
• Passive devices
• Transient suppression devices
• ICs, RFICs, MMICs
• Laser diodes, laser diode
modules, LEDs, photodetectors
• Circuit protection devices: TVS,
MOV, Fuses, etc.
• Airbags
• Connectors, switches, relays
• High brightness LEDs
(DC and pulse)
Tests:
• Leakage
• Low voltage/resistances
• LIV
• IDDQ
• I-V characterization
• Isolation and trace resistance
• Temperature coefficient
• Forward voltage, reverse
breakdown, leakage current
• DC parametric test
• DC power source
• HIPOT
• Photovoltaic cell efficiency
(source and sink)
• Dielectric withstanding
Example Test Sequence
SMU INSTRUMENTS
I
VF2
IR
VF1
Test 2
Test 1
Test 3
V
Test
Pass/Fail Test
If Passes Test
Test 1
Check V F1 at
100mA against
pass/fail limits
Go to Test 2
Test 2
Check V F2 at 1A
against pass/fail
limits
Go to Test 3
Test 3
Check leakage
­current at –500V
and test against
pass/fail limits
1. Bin part to good bin
2. Transmit readings to
computer while handler
is placing new part
3. Return to Test 1
If Fails Test
1. Bin part to bad bin
2. Transmit data to
computer while
handler is placing
new part
3. Return to Test 1
1.888.KEITHLEY (U.S. only)
www.keithley.com
A Greater Measure of Confidence
Tightly coupled precision sourcing and measurement
Tightly coupled precision sourcing and measurement
Series 2400
SourceMeter SMU Instruments
®
The digital I/O interface is available on all Series 2400 SoourceMeter
instruments except the Model 2401.
Trigger Link Interface
All SourceMeter SMU instruments include Keithley’s unique Trigger Link
interface which provides high-speed, seamless communications with many
of Keithley’s other instruments. For example, use the Trigger Link interface
to connect a SourceMeter SMU instrument with a Series 7000 Switching
System for a complete multi-point test solution. With Trigger Link, the
Series 7000 Switching Systems can be controlled by a SourceMeter SMU
instrument during a high-speed test sequence independent of a computer
and GPIB.
Optional Contact Check Function
The Contact Check function makes it simple to verify good connections
quickly and easily before an automated test sequence begins. This eliminates measurement errors and false product failures associated with contact fatigue, breakage, contamination, loose or broken connection, relay
failures, etc. Some capabilities of this function are:
• 350µs verification and notification process time
• The output of the SourceMeter SMU instrument is automatically shut
off after a fault and is not re-activated until good contact is verified,
protecting the device under test from damage and the operator from
potential safety h­ azards.
• 3 pass/fail threshold values: 2W, 15W, and 50W
• No energy passes through the device under test during the operation.
• Enabled either from the front panel or remotely over the GPIB
• 3 fault notification methods
• Allows users to configure and plot data easily from Series 2400
SourceMeter SMU instruments, making characterization of two, three,
and four terminal devices a snap.
+
GUARD
GUARD SENSE
Imeter
IN/OUT HI
SENSE HI
DUT
R2
Isource
Vmeter
R1
R3
SENSE LO
IN/OUT LO
6-Wire Ohms Circuit. All test current flows through R1 because the
high current guard drives the voltage across R2 to 0V.
Pass
350µs
Contact Check
IN/OUT HI
Fail
(optional)
SENSE LO
Pass
IN/OUT LO
Contact check option for 4-wire or 6-wire applications
Free LabTracer 2.0 device characterization software (downloadable)
1.888.KEITHLEY (U.S. only)
www.keithley.com
A Greater Measure of Confidence
SMU INSTRUMENTS
Vmeter
• Locks out parallel current paths when measuring resistor networks or
hybrid c­ ircuits to isolate the component under test.
GUARD SENSE
SENSE HI
V or I
Source
• Uses guard and guard sense leads in addition to the 4-wire sense and
source leads.
GUARD
-
Imeter
Unique 6-Wire Ohms Technique
SourceMeter SMU instruments can make standard 4-wire, split Kelvin, and
6-wire, guarded ohms measurements and can be configured for either the
constant current or constant voltage method. The 6-wire ohms technique:
Tightly coupled precision sourcing and measurement
Digital I/O Interface
The digital I/O interface can link a SourceMeter SMU instrument to many
popular component handlers, including Aetrium, Aeco, and Robotronics.
Other capabilities of the interface include:
• Tight systems integration for applications such as binning and sorting
• Built-in component handler interface
• Start of test and end of test signals
• 5V, 300mA power supply
• Optional expander accessory (Model 2499-DIGIO) adds 16 digital I/O lines
+
Tightly coupled precision sourcing and measurement
Series 2400
Series 2400
SourceMeter SMU Instruments
®
Voltage Accuracy (Local or Remote Sense)
Series 2400 condensed specifications
2400, 2400-C,
2401
2410, 2410-C
2420, 2420-C
2425, 2425-C
2430, 2430-C
2440, 2440-C
Range
200.000mV
2.00000V
20.0000V
200.000V*
200.000mV
2.00000V
20.0000V
1000.00V
200.000mV
2.00000V
20.0000V
60.0000V
200.000mV
2.00000V
20.0000V
100.0000 V
200.000mV
2.00000V
20.0000V
100.0000 V
200.000mV
2.00000V
10.0000V
40.0000V
Programming
Resolution
5µV
50µV
500µV
5mV
5µV
50µV
500µV
50mV
5µV
50µV
500µV
1.5mV
5 µV
50µV
500µV
2.5mV
5µV
50µV
500µV
2.5mV
5µV
50µV
500µV
5mV
Default
Measurement
Resolution
1 µV
10 µV
100 µV
1 mV
1 µV
10 µV
100 µV
10 mV
1 µV
10 µV
100 µV
1 mV
1 µV
10 µV
100 µV
1 mV
1 µV
10 µV
100 µV
1 mV
1 µV
10 µV
100 µV
1 mV
Measurement 2, 3, 4
Accuracy (1 Year)
23°C ±5°C
±(% rdg. + volts)
0.012% + 300 µV
0.012% +300 µV
0.015% + 1.5 mV
0.015% + 10 mV
0.012% +300 µV
0.012% +300 µV
0.015% + 1 mV
0.015% + 50 mV
0.012% +300 µV
0.012% +300 µV
0.015% + 1 mV
0.015% + 3 mV
0.012% +300 µV
0.012% +300 µV
0.015% + 1 mV
0.015% + 5 mV
0.012% +300 µV
0.012% +300 µV
0.015% + 1 mV
0.015% + 5 mV
0.012% +300 µV
0.012% +300 µV
0.015% + 750 µV
0.015% + 3 mV
Output Slew Rate
(±30%)
Source/Sink Limit
0.08 V/µs
0.5 V/µs
0.15 V/µs
0.5 V/µs
0.08 V/µs
0.14 V/µs
0.08 V/µs
0.25 V/µs
±21 V @ ±1.05 A
±210 V @ ±105 mA*
±21 V @ ±1.05 A
±1100 V @ ±21 mA
±21 V @ ±3.15 A
±63 V @ ±1.05 A
±21 V @ ±3.15 A
±105 V @ ±1.05 A
±105 V @ ±1.05 A
0.08 V/µs
0.25 V/µs
0.08 V/µs
0.25 V/µs
±105 V @ ±10.5 A
(pulse mode only)
±10.5 V @ ±5.25 A
±42 V @ ±1.05 A
*Not available on Model 2401.
Temperature Coefficient (0°–18°C and 28°–50°C): ±(0.15 × accuracy specification)/°C.
Voltage Regulation: Line: 0.01% of range. Load: 0.01% of range + 100µV.
Over Voltage Protection: User selectable values, 5% tolerance. Factory default = none.
Current Limit: Bipolar current limit (compliance) set with single value. Min. 0.1% of range.
Overshoot: <0.1% typical (full scale step, resistive load, 10mA range).
SMU INSTRUMENTS
ADDITIONAL SOURCE SPECIFICATIONS (All Models)
TRANSIENT RESPONSE TIME: 30µs minimum for the output to recover to its spec. following a
step change in load.
COMMAND PROCESSING TIME: Maximum time required for the output to begin to change
following the receipt of :SOURce:VOLTage|CURRent <nrf> command. Autorange On: 10ms.
Autorange Off: 7ms.
OUTPUT SETTLING TIME: Time required to reach 0.1% of final value after command is processed. 100µs typical. Resistive load. 10µA to 100mA range.
DC FLOATING VOLTAGE: Output can be floated up to ±250VDC (Model 2440 ±40VDC) from
chassis ground.
REMOTE SENSE: Up to 1V drop per load lead.
COMPLIANCE ACCURACY: Add 0.3% of range and ±0.02% of reading to base specification.
OVER TEMPERATURE PROTECTION: Internally sensed temperature overload puts unit in
standby mode.
RANGE CHANGE OVERSHOOT: Overshoot into a fully resistive 100kW load, 10Hz to 1MHz BW,
adjacent ranges: 100mV typical, except 20V/200V (20V/60V on Model 2420), 20V/100V on Model
2425 and 2430, range boundary, and Model 2440.
MINIMUM COMPLIANCE VALUE: 0.1% of range.
Additional Pulse Mode Source Specifications
(2430 and 2430-C only)
Maximum Duty Cycle: 8%, hardware limited, 10A range only. All other ranges 100%.
Maximum Pulse Width: 5ms from 90% rising to 90% falling edge, 2.5ms 10A range.
Minimum Pulse Width: 150µs.
Minimum Pulse Resolution: 50µs typical, 70µs max., limited by system ­jitter.
Source Accuracy: Determined by settling time and source range specifications.
Output Settling Time 0.1%:
800µs typ., source I = 10A into 10W, limited by voltage slew rate.
500µs typ., source I = 10A into 1W, limited by voltage slew rate.
Output Slew Rate:
Voltage (10W load): 0.25V/µs ±30% on 100V range. 0.08V/µs ±30% on 20V range, 10A range.
Current (0W load): 0.25A/µs ±30% on 100V range. 0.08A/µs ±30% on 20V range, 10A range.
NOTES
1. 2400, 2401, 2410 Only: Specifications valid for continuous output currents below 105mA. For operation above
105mA continuous for >1 minute, derate accuracy 10%/35mA above 105mA.
2. Speed = Normal (1 PLC). For 0.1 PLC, add 0.005% of range to offset specifications, except 200mV, 1A, 10A
ranges, add 0.05%. For 0.01 PLC, add 0.05% of range to offset specifications, except 200mV, 1A, 10A ranges, add
0.5%.
3. Accuracies apply to 2- or 4-wire mode when properly zeroed.
4. In pulse mode, limited to 0.1 PLC measurement.
1.888.KEITHLEY (U.S. only)
www.keithley.com
A Greater Measure of Confidence
Series 2400 condensed specifications
Model
Source1
Accuracy (1 Year)
23°C ±5°C
±(% rdg. + volts)
0.02% + 600 µV
0.02% + 600 µV
0.02% + 2.4 mV
0.02% + 24 mV
0.02% + 600 µV
0.02% + 600 µV
0.02% + 2.4 mV
0.02% + 100 mV
0.02% + 600 µV
0.02% + 600 µV
0.02% + 2.4 mV
0.02% + 7.2 mV
0.02% + 600 µV
0.02% + 600 µV
0.02% + 2.4 mV
0.02% + 12 mV
0.02% + 600 µV
0.02% + 600 µV
0.02% + 2.4 mV
0.02% + 12 mV
0.02% + 600 µV
0.02% + 600 µV
0.02% + 1.2 mV
0.02% + 4.8 mV
Series 2400
SourceMeter SMU Instruments
®
Current Accuracy (Local or Remote Sense)
2410, 2410-C
2420, 2420-C
2425, 2425-C
2430, 2430-C
2440, 2440-C
Programming
Resolution
50 pA
500 pA
5 nA
50 nA
500 nA
5 µA
50 µA
50 pA
500 pA
5 nA
50 nA
500 nA
5 µA
50 µA
500 pA
5 nA
50 nA
500 nA
5 µA
50 µA
50 µA
500 pA
5 nA
50 nA
500 nA
5 µA
50 µA
50 µA
500 pA
5 nA
50 nA
500 nA
5 µA
50 µA
500 µA
500 µA
500 pA
5 nA
50 nA
500 nA
5 µA
50 µA
50 µA
Temperature Coefficient (0°–18°C and 28°–50°C): ±(0.15 × accuracy specification)/°C.
CURRENT Regulation: Line: 0.01% of range. Load: 0.01% of range (except Model 2440
5A range 0.05%) + 100pA.
Voltage LIMIT: Bipolar voltage limit (compliance) set with single value. Min. 0.1% of range.
OVERSHOOT: <0.1% typical (1mA step, RL = 10kW, 20V range for Model 2400, 2401, 2410, 2420,
2425, 2430), (10V range for Model 2440).
Contact Check Specifications (requires -C version)
(Not available for Model 2401)
Speed: 350µs for verification and notification.
Contact Check:
2 W15 W50 W
No contact check failure
<1.00 W<13.5 W<47.5 W
Always contact check failure
>3.00 W>16.5 W>52.5 W
Default Measurement
Resolution
10 pA
100 pA
1 nA
10 nA
100 nA
1 µA
10 µA
10 pA
100 pA
1 nA
10 nA
100 nA
1 µA
10 µA
100 pA
1 nA
10 nA
100 nA
1 µA
10 µA
10 µA
100 pA
1 nA
10 nA
100 nA
1 µA
10 µA
10 µA
100 pA
1 nA
10 nA
100 nA
1 µA
10 µA
10 µA
10 µA
100 pA
1 nA
10 nA
100 nA
1 µA
10 µA
10 µA
Source/Sink Limit
±1.05A @ ±21 V
±105 mA @ ±210 V 8
±1.05A @ ±21 V
±21 mA @ ±1100 V
±3.15A @ ±21 V
±1.05 A @ ±63 V
Series 2400 condensed specifications
2400, 2400-C,
2401
Range
1.00000 µA
10.0000 µA
100.000 µA
1.00000 mA
10.0000 mA
100.000 mA
1.00000 A 2
1.00000 µA
10.0000 µA
100.000 µA
1.00000 mA
20.0000 mA
100.000 mA
1.00000 A 2
10.0000 µA
100.000 µA
1.00000 mA
10.0000 mA
100.000 mA
1.00000 A 2
3.00000 A 2
10.0000 µA
100.000 µA
1.00000 mA
10.0000 mA
100.000 mA
1.00000 A 2
3.00000 A 2
10.0000 µA
100.000 µA
1.00000 mA
10.0000 mA
100.000 mA
1.00000 A
3.00000 A 2
10.00000 A4
10.0000 µA
100.000 µA
1.00000 mA
10.0000 mA
100.000 mA
1.00000 A
5.00000 A
Measurement 5, 6, 7
Accuracy (1 Year)
23°C ±5°C
±(% rdg. + amps)
0.029% + 300 pA
0.027% + 700 pA
0.025% + 6 nA
0.027% + 60 nA
0.035% + 600 nA
0.055% + 6 µA
0.22 % + 570 µA
0.029% + 300 pA
0.027% + 700 pA
0.025% + 6 nA
0.027% + 60 nA
0.035% + 1.2 µA
0.055% + 6 µA
0.22 % + 570 µA
0.027% + 700 pA
0.025% + 6 nA
0.027% + 60 nA
0.035% + 600 nA
0.055% + 6 µA
0.066% + 570 µA
0.052% + 1.71 mA
0.027% + 700 pA
0.025% + 6 nA
0.027% + 60 nA
0.035% + 600 nA
0.055% + 6 µA
0.060% + 570 µA
0.052% + 1.71 mA
0.027% + 700 pA
0.025% + 6 nA
0.027% + 60 nA
0.035% + 600 nA
0.055% + 6 µA
0.060% + 570 µA
0.052% + 1.71 mA
0.082% + 1.71 mA
0.027% + 700 pA
0.025% + 6 nA
0.027% + 60 nA
0.035% + 600 nA
0.055% + 6 µA
0.060% + 570 µA
0.10 % + 3.42 mA
±3.15A @ ±21 V
±1.05 A @ ±105 V
±1.05A @ ±105 V
±10.5 A @ ±105 V
(pulse mode only)
±5.25A @ ±10.5 V
±1.05 A @ ±42 V
NOTES
1. 2400, 2401, 2410 Only: Specifications valid for continuous output currents below 105mA. For operation above
105mA continuous for >1 minute, derate accuracy 10%/35mA above 105mA.
2. Full operation (1A) regardless of load to 30°C (50°C for Model 2420 and 2440). Above 30°C (50°C for Model
2420 and 2440) ambient, derate 35mA/°C and prorate 35mA/W load. 4-wire mode. For current sink operation
on 1A, 3A, or 5A ranges, maximum continuous power is limited to approximately 1/2 rated power or less,
depending on current, up to 30°C ambient. See power equations in the User’s Manual to calculate allowable
duty cycle for specific conditions.
3. For sink mode, 1µA to 100mA range, accuracy is:
Model 2400, 2401: ±(0.15% + offset*4). Models 2410, 2420, 2425, 2430, 2440: ±(0.5% + offset*3).
For 1A range, accuracy is:
Model 2400, 2401: ±(1.5% + offset*8). Models 2410, 2420, 2425, 2430, 2440: ±(1.5% + offset*3).
4. 10A range only in pulse mode. Limited to 2.5ms pulse width maximum. 10% duty cycle maximum.
5. Speed = Normal (1 PLC). For 0.1 PLC, add 0.005% of range to offset specifications, except 200mV, 1A, 10A
ranges, add 0.05%. For 0.01 PLC, add 0.05% of range to offset specifications, except 200mV, 1A, 10A ranges,
add 0.5%.
6. Accuracies apply to 2- or 4-wire mode when properly zeroed.
7. In pulse mode, limited to 0.1 PLC measurement.
8. Model 2400 and 2400-C only.
1.888.KEITHLEY (U.S. only)
www.keithley.com
A Greater Measure of Confidence
SMU INSTRUMENTS
Series 2400 condensed specifications
Model
Source 1, 3
Accuracy
(1 Year)
23°C ±5°C
±(% rdg. + amps)
0.035% + 600 pA
0.033% + 2 nA
0.031% + 20 nA
0.034% + 200 nA
0.045% + 2 µA
0.066% + 20 µA
0.27 % + 900 µA
0.035% + 600 pA
0.033% + 2 nA
0.031% + 20 nA
0.034% + 200 nA
0.045% + 4 µA
0.066% + 20 µA
0.27 % + 900 µA
0.033% + 2 nA
0.031% + 20 nA
0.034% + 200 nA
0.045% + 2 µA
0.066% + 20 µA
0.067% + 900 µA
0.059% + 2.7 mA
0.033% + 2 nA
0.031% + 20 nA
0.034% + 200 nA
0.045% + 2 µA
0.066% + 20 µA
0.067% + 900 µA
0.059% + 2.8 mA
0.033% + 2 nA
0.031% + 20 nA
0.034% + 200 nA
0.045% + 2 µA
0.066% + 20 µA
0.067% + 900 µA
0.059% + 2.8 mA
0.089% + 5.9 mA
0.033% + 2 nA
0.031% + 20 nA
0.034% + 200 nA
0.045% + 2 µA
0.066% + 20 µA
0.067% + 900 µA
0.10 % + 5.4 mA
Series 2400
SourceMeter SMU Instruments
®
Range
Default
Resolution
Default Test
Current
2400, 2401, 2410
<0.20000 W3
–
–
Enhanced Accuracy
(23°C ±5°C) 4
1 Year, ±(% rdg. + ohms)
Default Test
Current
2420, 2425,
2430, 2440
2400, 2401
2410
2420, 2425, 2430, 2440
2400, 2401
–
Source I ACC + Meas. VACC
Source I ACC + Meas. VACC
Source I ACC + Meas. VACC
Source I ACC + Meas. VACC
1A
Source I ACC + Meas. VACC
Normal Accuracy (23°C ±5°C)
1 Year, ±(% rdg. + ohms)
2.00000 W3
10µW
–
Source I ACC + Meas VACC
Source I ACC + Meas. VACC
0.17% + 0.0003W
20.0000 W
100µW
100mA
100mA
0.10% + 0.003W
0.11% + 0.006W
0.10% + 0.003 W
0.07% + 0.001
200.000 W
1mW
10mA
10mA
0.08% + 0.03 W
0.09% + 0.1 W
0.08% + 0.03 W
0.05% + 0.01
W
2.00000kW
10mW
1mA
1mA
0.07% + 0.3 W
0.08% + 0.6 W
0.07% + 0.3
W
0.05% + 0.1
W
20.0000kW
W
100mW
100µA
100µA
0.06% + 3
W
0.07% + 6
W
0.06% + 3
W
0.04% + 1
W
200.000kW 1
W
10µA
10µA
0.07% + 30
W
0.07% + 60
W
0.07% + 30
W
0.05% + 10
W
W
2.00000MW6 10
1µA
1µA
0.11% +300
W
0.12% +600
W
0.11% +300
W
0.05% +100
W
20.0000MW7 100W
1µA
1µA
0.11% + 1
kW
0.12% + 2.4 kW
0.11% + 1
kW
0.05% +500
W
200.000MW3
>200.000 MW3
1kW
–
100nA
–
–
–
0.66% + 10 kW
Source I ACC + Meas. VACC
TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT (0°–18°C and 28°–50°C): ±(0.15 × accuracy
specification)/°C.
Source I Mode, Manual Ohms: Total uncertainty = I source accuracy + V measure accuracy (4-wire remote sense).
Source V Mode, Manual Ohms: Total uncertainty = V source a­ ccuracy + I measure accuracy (4-wire remote sense).
6-wire ohms mode: Available using active ohms guard and guard sense. Max.
Guard Output Current: 50mA (except 1A range). Accuracy is load dependent.
Refer to White Paper no. 2033 for calculation f­ormula.
Guard Output Impedance: <0.1W in ohms mode.
0.66% + 24 kW
Source I ACC + Meas. VACC
Source I ACC + Meas. VACC
Source I ACC + Meas. VACC
0.35% + 5
kW
Source I ACC + Meas. VACC
NOTES
1. Speed = Normal (1 PLC). For 0.1 PLC, add 0.005% of range to offset specifications, except 200mV, 1A, 10A ranges, add 0.05%. For
0.01 PLC, add 0.05% of range to offset specifications, except 200mV, 1A, 10A ranges, add 0.5%.
2. Accuracies apply to 2- or 4-wire mode when properly zeroed.
3. Manual ohms only – except 2420, 2425, 2430, 2440 for 2W range and 2400, 2401, or 2410 for 200MW range.
4. Source readback enabled, offset compensation ON. Also available on 2410, 2420, 2425, 2430, and 2440 with similar a­ ccuracy
enhancement.
5. In pulse mode, limited to 0.1 PLC measurement.
6. Except 2440; default test current is 5µA.
7. Except 2440; default test current is 0.5µA.
Services Available
SMU INSTRUMENTS
2400-3Y-EW
1-year factory warranty extended to 3 years from date of shipment
2400-C-3Y-EW 1-year factory warranty extended to 3 years from date of shipment
2401-3Y-EW
1-year factory warranty extended to 3 years from date of shipment
2410-3Y-EW
1-year factory warranty extended to 3 years from date of shipment
2410-C-3Y-EW 1-year factory warranty extended to 3 years from date of shipment
2420-3Y-EW
1-year factory warranty extended to 3 years from date of shipment
2420-C-3Y-EW 1-year factory warranty extended to 3 years from date of shipment
2425-3Y-EW
1-year factory warranty extended to 3 years from date of shipment
2425-C-3Y-EW 1-year factory warranty extended to 3 years from date of shipment
2430-3Y-EW
1-year factory warranty extended to 3 years from date of shipment
2430-C-3Y-EW 1-year factory warranty extended to 3 years from date of shipment
2440-3Y-EW
1-year factory warranty extended to 3 years from date of shipment
2440-C-3Y-EW 1-year factory warranty extended to 3 years from date of shipment
C/2400-3Y-ISO 3 (ISO-17025 accredited) calibrations within 3 years of purchase for Models 2400, 2400-C, 2400-LV*
C/2401-3Y-ISO 3 (ISO-17025 accredited) calibrations within 3 years of purchase for Model 2401*
C/2410-3Y-ISO 3 (ISO-17025 accredited) calibrations within 3 years of purchase for Models 2410, 2410-C*
C/2420-3Y-ISO 3 (ISO-17025 accredited) calibrations within 3 years of purchase for Models 2420, 2420-C*
C/2425-3Y-ISO 3 (ISO-17025 accredited) calibrations within 3 years of purchase for Models 2425, 2425-C*
C/2430-3Y-ISO 3 (ISO-17025 accredited) calibrations within 3 years of purchase for Models 2430, 2430-C*
C/2440-3Y-ISO 3 (ISO-17025 accredited) calibrations within 3 years of purchase for Models 2440, 2440-C*
TRN-2400-1-C Course: Unleashing the Power of Your SourceMeter SMU Instrument
*Not available in all countries
1.888.KEITHLEY (U.S. only)
www.keithley.com
A Greater Measure of Confidence
Series 2400 condensed specifications
Series 2400 condensed specifications
Resistance Measurement Accuracy (Local or Remote Sense)1, 2, 5
Series 2400
SourceMeter SMU Instruments
®
System Speeds
Measurement1
MAXIMUM RANGE CHANGE RATE: 75/second.
MAXIMUM MEASURE AUTORANGE TIME: 40ms (fixed source).2
Fast
IEEE-488.1 Mode
Fast
IEEE-488.2 Mode
Medium
IEEE-488.2 Mode
Normal
IEEE-488.2 Mode
NPLC/Trigger Origin
0.01 / internal
0.01 / external
0.01 / internal
0.01 / external
0.10 / internal
0.10 / external
1.00 / internal
1.00 / external
Source-Measure
To Mem.
To GPIB
1551 (1515)
1369
1018 (990)
1035
1551 (1515)
1000 (900)
1018 (990)
916 (835)
470 (405)
470 (410)
409 (360)
409 (365)
58 (48)
58 (48)
57 (48)
57 (47)
Source-Measure5
Pass/Fail Test4, 5
To Mem.
To GPIB
902 (900)
981
830 (830)
886
902 (900)
809 (840)
830 (830)
756 (780)
389 (343)
388 (343)
374 (333)
374 (333)
56 (47)
56 (47)
56 (47)
56 (47)
Source-Memory4
To Mem.
To GPIB
165 (162)
165
163 (160)
163
165 (162)
164 (162)
163 (160)
162 (160)
133 (126)
132 (126)
131 (125)
131 (125)
44 (38)
44 (38)
44 (38)
44 (38)
Single Reading Operation Reading Rates (rdg./second) for 60Hz (50Hz):
Speed
Fast (488.1)
Fast (488.2)
Medium (488.2)
Normal (488.2)
Measure
To GPIB
537
256 (256)
167 (166)
49
(42)
NPLC/Trigger Origin
0.01 / internal
0.01 / internal
0.10 / internal
1.00 / internal
Source-Measure5
To GPIB
140
79 (83)
72 (70)
34 (31)
Source-Measure Pass/Fail Test4,5
To GPIB
135
79 (83)
69 (70)
35 (30)
Component for 60Hz (50Hz): 4, 6
Speed
Fast
Medium
Normal
NPLC/Trigger Origin
0.01 / external
0.10 / external
1.00 / external
Measure To GPIB
1.04 ms (1.08 ms)
2.55 ms (2.9 ms)
17.53 ms (20.9 ms)
Source Pass/Fail Test
0.5 ms (0.5 ms)
0.5 ms (0.5 ms)
0.5 ms (0.5 ms)
Source-Measure Pass/Fail Test5, 7
To GPIB
4.82 ms (5.3 ms)
6.27 ms (7.1 ms)
21.31 ms (25.0 ms)
NOTES
Reading rates applicable for voltage or current measurements. Auto zero off, autorange off, filter off, display off,
trigger delay = 0, and binary reading format.
Purely resistive lead. 1µA and 10µA ranges <65ms.
3 1000 point sweep was characterized with the source on a fixed range.
1
2
Pass/Fail test performed using one high limit and one low math limit.
Includes time to re-program source to a new level before making m
­ easurement.
6 Time from falling edge of START OF TEST signal to falling edge of end of test signal.
7 Command processing time of :SOURce:VOLTage|CURRent:TRIGgered <nrf> command not included.
4
5
general
Noise Rejection:
Fast
Medium
Slow
1
NPLC
0.01
0.1
1
NMRR
—
—
60 dB
CMRR
80 dB
80 dB
100 dB1
Except lowest 2 current ranges = 90dB.
Load Impedance: Stable into 20,000pF typical.
Common mode voltage: 250V DC (40V DC for Model 2440).
Common Mode Isolation: >109W, <1000pF.
OVERRANGE: 105% of range, source and measure.
Max. Voltage Drop Between Input/Output and sense terminals: 5V.
Max. Sense Lead Resistance: 1MW for rated accuracy.
SENSE INPUT IMPEDANCE: >1010W.
GUARD OFFSET VOLTAGE: <150µV, typical (300µV for Models 2430, 2440).
Source Output modes:
Pulse (Model 2430 only)
Fixed DC level
Memory List (mixed function)
Stair (linear and log)
Memory Buffer: 5,000 readings @ 5 digits (two 2,500 point buffers). Includes selected measured
value(s) and time stamp. Lithium battery ­backup (3 yr+ battery life).
SOURCE MEMORY LIST: 100 points max.
Programmability: IEEE-488 (SCPI-1995.0), RS-232, 5 user-definable power-up states plus
factory default and *RST.
Digital Interface:
Interlock: Active low input.
Handler Interface: Start of test, end of test, 3 category bits. [email protected] 300mA supply.
Not available on Model 2401.
Digital I/O: 1 trigger input, 4 TTL/Relay Drive outputs (33V @ 500mA, diode clamped).
Not available on Model 2401.
Power Supply: 100V to 240V rms, 50–60Hz (automatically detected at power up). Model
2400, 2401: 190VA. Model 2410: 210VA. Model 2420: 220VA. Model 2425, 2430: 250VA.
Model 2440: 240VA.
COOLING: Model 2401: Convection. Model 2410, 2420, 2425, 2430, 2440: Forced air,
variable speed.
EMC: Conforms to European Union Directive 89/336/EEC, EN 61326-1.
Safety: UL listed to UL 61010B-1:2003: Conforms to European Union Low Voltage Directive.
Vibration: MIL-PRF-28800F Class 3 Random.
WARM-UP: 1 hour to rated accuracies.
DIMENSIONS: 89mm high × 213mm wide × 370mm deep (3½ in × 83⁄8 in × 149⁄16 in). Bench
Configuration (with handle and feet):104mm high × 238mm wide × 370mm deep (41⁄8 in ×
93⁄8 in × 149⁄16 in).
WEIGHT: 3.21kg (7.08 lbs) (Model 2425, 2430, 2440: 4.1kg, 9.0 lbs).
ENVIRONMENT: Operating: 0°–50°C, 70% R.H. up to 35°C. Derate 3% R.H./°C, 35°–50°C.
Storage: –25°C to 65°C.
1.888.KEITHLEY (U.S. only)
www.keithley.com
A Greater Measure of Confidence
SMU INSTRUMENTS
Series 2400 condensed specifications
Speed
Measure
To Mem.
To GPIB
2081 (2030) 1754
1239 (1200) 1254
2081 (2030) 1198 (1210)
1239 (1200) 1079 (1050)
510 (433)
509 (433)
438 (380)
438 (380)
59
(49)
59 (49)
57
(48)
57 (48)
Series 2400 condensed specifications
Sweep Operation3 Reading Rates (rdg./second) for 60Hz (50Hz):
www.keithley.com
Series 2400
SourceMeter Family
A
G R E A T E R
M E A S U R E
®
®
O F
C O N F I D E N C E
series 2400
Streamline your production
with precision voltage and current sourcing
S I M P L E
•
P O W E R F U L
•
U N L I M I T E D
A unique family of instruments to solve a wide range of challenging applications
and highly accurate measurement capabilities
Today, there’s no reason to buy separate instruments for sourcing and measurement. Every
instrument in Keithley’s Series 2400 SourceMeter family gives you both capabilities in one
compact unit. Each one combines a programmable power source with a highly repeatable,
a current source, a voltage meter, a current meter, and an ohmmeter. There’s a SourceMeter
of them to a variety of component handlers for fast binning and sorting. Plus, SourceMeter
instruments are fully compatible with Keithley’s popular switching mainframes and cards for
automating high speed, multipoint test applications.
• Source or sink power up to 1000W in pulse mode and 100W DC
• Create sophisticated ATE systems to streamline your production
S E R V I C E
• Measure resistance at any desired voltage or current level
A N D
• Build I/V, I/R, V/I, and V/R curves with high resolution device
characterization capabilities
S U P P O R T ,
• Perform high speed pass/fail testing and component binning
R E L I A B I L I T Y ,
solution for just about any DC measurement challenge you can imagine. You can link any
G R E A T
51⁄2-digit multimeter (DMM) in a half-rack-sized enclosure. You can use it as a voltage source,
Increasing throughput, yield, and
productivity has
Improve test yields and reduce false failures with:
Maximize throughput, precision,
and accuracy
• Optional contact check to verify good connection to the
S I G N I F I C A N T
SourceMeter instruments provide you with high throughput while
delivering precision voltage and current sourcing and highly accurate measurements. Each model combines five tightly integrated
instruments into one compact half-rack-sized unit: a voltage
source, a current source, a voltage meter, a current meter, and
an ohmmeter.
device under test in less than 350µs
• Basic measurement accuracy of 0.015% for volts, 0.035%
for current, and 0.04% to 0.07% for ohms
• Unique 6-wire ohms capability for resistor network testing
Additional features that increase the usefulness of the
SourceMeter family include:
• Fully programmable test signals and device protection
thresholds for I, V, Ω, and power measurements
Precision voltage
source
Precision current
source
High impedance
digital
multimeter
2400
SourceMeter
Instrument
T H R O U G H P U T
Increase productivity with high
throughput and high yields
A D V A N T A G E S
With the tight integration of a SourceMeter instrument, you’ll get
high speeds for high throughput and high measurement accuracy
and repeatability for yield integrity. This tight integration also
provides significant throughput advantages compared with multiple instrument systems. Each SourceMeter model is both a highly
stable DC power source and a true instrument-grade 51⁄2 -digit
multimeter (DMM). Its power source characteristics include low
noise, precision, and readback. Its DMM capabilities include high
repeatability as well as low noise.
Improve throughput with:
• Reading rates of more than 1750 readings/second to
GPIB (IEEE-488.1 mode) and 2080 readings/second to
memory
• Built-in comparator for pass/fail testing as fast as 500µs
per point
• Built-in test sequencer and a 5000-point memory buffer
for fast, multi-step tests and for minimizing GPIB traffic
• Keithley’s Trigger Link interface for high speed triggering
between instruments
• Built-in sweeps for I/V, I/R, V/I, and V/R characterization
• Simplified programming with LabVIEW™ and
TestPoint™ drivers
• Digital I/O with automated binning capability and built-
in component handler interface
• Industry standard RS-232, IEEE-488.1, and IEEE-488.2
(GPIB) interfaces
Cost-effective and efficient
A SourceMeter instrument provides a good return on investment.
You can expect great reliability, support, and service, as well as the
need for only one instrument instead of many. Its compact half-rack
size takes up minimal real estate, and its high accuracy measurements and robust design make it very dependable. When you need
support or have questions, call our experienced Application
Engineers or use the extensive library of application notes and
example programs located on our web site. The versatile design and
world-class performance of SourceMeter instruments make them
ideal for a broad range of design and production applications in
fields as diverse as communications, semiconductor, and components manufacturing.
Easy to use
A SourceMeter instrument is easy to set up and use. It provides convenient DMM-like operation, while eliminating many of the connection, compatibility, and synchronization problems that occur when
multiple instruments are used. And, it allows you to source voltage
or current while making measurements without changing connections. This not only makes it easier to use, it saves test time.
never been simpler
Measure functions operate like a DMM.
Dual-line VFD
displays sourced
value, measured
value, and
compliance level.
Ohms measurements with
user-programmable source
current or clamp voltage
Source functions set up easily.
Fully programmable
mathematical function key
enables on-board calculation of
derived parameters,
such as power, voltage
coefficient, ratio, etc.
Sense line impedance
of >10GΩ won’t
disturb measurements.
51⁄2-digit resolution provides
sensitivity as low as 10–17 A
and 1mV.
Source and
measure from the
same terminals.
H I G H
5000-point
memory buffer
IEEE-488.1 or
IEEE-488.2 for
instrument control
or to download
commands for
automatic execution.
LabVIEW™ and
TestPoint™ drivers
are available.
3-stage limit
structure for fast
pass/fail testing
Choose from
stair, log, or
custom sweeps.
Bright, clear
“output on”
indicator
Programmable front/rear
switching provides two independent channels that can
be switched over the bus.
Component handler
interface has binning
and pass/fail output.
Guard and Guard Sense
lines provide unique 6-wire
ohms capability to guard out
parallel resistors in networks.
RS-232 interface for
direct connection to PC
Trigger Link feature provides
two hardware trigger lines for fast,
precise, repeatable triggering of
switching systems.
V E R S A T I L I T Y
Reading rates of up to
2080/s into memory,
1750/s over IEEE-488
Full range of testing capabilities
S E A M L E S S
The instruments in the SourceMeter family offer wide versatility, so they make great solutions
for a variety of applications in many industries. For seamless integration in fast multipoint testing
applications, combine a SourceMeter instrument with a Keithley switch system. The examples
outlined here represent only a fraction of the potential applications for these powerful test solutions. For details on these applications, including test system configurations, or for additional
SourceMeter applications, visit our website at www.keithley.com.
I N T E G R A T I O N
Testing optoelectronic components
Testing resistors and resistor networks
Use a SourceMeter instrument to
measure a component’s electrical
performance characteristics and
to drive laser diodes and other
components.
Use a SourceMeter instrument to verify the performance of resistor
networks at various stages in production, as well as in their final
packaged form.
F O R
Types of optoelectronic
components:
M U L T I - P O I N T
• Laser diodes
• Laser diode modules
• Photodetectors
• Light-emitting diodes (LEDs)
• Photovoltaic cells
Typical tests:
T E S T I N G
• LIV test (laser diodes and LEDs)
• Kink test (laser diodes)
• I-V characterization
Types of devices:
•
•
•
•
•
Thin-film or thick-film resistors and networks
Dual terminator networks
R/2R ladder networks
Isolated and bussed networks
Thermistors
Typical measurements:
• Circuit or buried node resistance
• Standard 4-wire and 6-wire Kelvin
• Percent deviation and ratio
• Isolation and trace resistance
• TCR (temperature coefficient of resistance) testing
Testing diodes
A SourceMeter instrument is ideal for testing devices with high
voltage and high current, such as diodes.
Types of diodes:
• Switching diodes
• Zener diodes
• Radio frequency (RF) diodes
DC parametric tests:
• Forward voltage test
• Reverse breakdown test
• Leakage current test
• Polarity test
• Off-line QA analysis
Testing air bag inflators
A SourceMeter instrument is ideal for
testing circuit protection devices, which
can provide fast, energy absorbing,
transient and over-voltage protection to
a load placed across them.
Use a SourceMeter instrument to test the electrical characteristics of
the air bag assembly. The precision of a SourceMeter instrument and
its readback feature make it ideal
for this application, because testing the inflator is much like testing a fuse; if too high a current is
used, the fuse will open and
must be scrapped.
Types of circuit protection devices:
•
•
•
•
•
TVS (transient voltage suppression)
MOV (metal oxide varistor)
Thermistors
Polyfuses
Fuses
Typical tests:
• IDDQ test
• DC parametric electrical test
• DC power source test
Use a SourceMeter instrument to test your
connectors, switches, and relays quickly and
thoroughly with programmable test currents up
to 5A. Quality connectors are vital to ensuring
overall product reliability in applications ranging
from motor vehicles to transatlantic telecom
systems.
Typical tests for connectors:
• Isolation (insulation resistance)
• Pin continuity
Typical tests for connectors, switches,
and relays:
•
•
•
•
Contact resistance
Offset compensation
Insulation resistance
Dielectric withstanding
Other applications
• AST (accelerated stress testing), including
HALT/HASS and ESS
• GMR (giant magneto-resistive) head
testing
• Battery discharge/charge cycling testing
• SOC (system on chip) testing
P R O B L E M S
Use a SourceMeter instrument
during the production testing
of DC characteristics for a variety of
IC technologies.
Testing connectors, switches,
and relays
C O R R E C T
Testing ICs, RFICs, and MMICs
• Bridgewire test
• Insulation resistance
(HIPOT) test
• Shunt bar test
• Contact verification
A N D
Typical tests:
• Bipolar nominal voltage test
• Maximum clamping (breakdown) voltage test
• DC standby (leakage) current test
• Non-linear exponent (alpha coefficient) test
Typical tests:
I D E N T I F Y
Testing circuit protection devices
Faster, easier, and more efficient
testing
Six-Wire Ohms Measurements
Coupled Source and Measure
Capabilities
F A S T E R ,
E A S I E R ,
The tightly coupled nature of a SourceMeter instrument provides
many advantages over separate instruments. The ability to fit a
source and a meter in a single half-rack enclosure saves valuable
rack space and simplifies the remote programming interface. Also,
the tight control and single GPIB address inherent in a single
instrument results in faster test times for ATE applications due to
reduced GPIB traffic. The SourceMeter instrument topology
(shown below) protects the device under test from damage due to
accidental overloads, thermal runaway, and other problems. Both
the current and voltage source are programmable with readback to
help maximize device measurement integrity. If the readback
reaches a programmed compliance limit, then the source is
clamped at the limit, providing fault protection.
Use 6-wire ohms measurements to prevent measurement errors or
when conventional methods won’t work, such as when testing
resistor networks, delta networks, and other hybrid circuits. Our
unique 6-wire ohms technique uses Guard and Guard Sense leads
in addition to the 4-wire Sense and Source leads to guard out parallel current paths when measuring networks or hybrid circuits.
This avoids the complication of the DUT being shunted by other
resistances in the circuit. This also allows you to test individual
resistors buried inside a network without the need to break the circuit to isolate the component under test.
+
Guard Sense
IMeter
IMeter
A N D
Local
Guard
-
In/Out HI
In/Out HI
Sense HI
DUT
Remote
ISource
ISource
Sense HI
VMeter
R2
R1
VMeter/Compliance
M O R E
R3
DUT
Sense LO
Local
In/Out LO
In/Out LO
6-Wire Ohms Circuit - All test current flows through R1 because the high
current guard drives the voltage across R2 to 0V.
Source I, Measure V, I, or Ω configuration
Contact Check
IMeter/Compliance
VSource
Local
In/Out HI
Remote
Sense HI
VMeter
DUT
Remote
Sense LO
Local
In/Out LO
The optional Contact Check function eliminates measurement
errors and false product failures by verifying good connections to
the device under test quickly and easily before testing begins. In
just 350µs, this function’s verification and notification routine
ensures that you have good contact to a device before sending
energy through it and spending time testing it. The Contact Check
function was designed for high throughput 4-wire and 6-wire test
applications, and it provides three methods of fault notification.
Guard
+
-
E F F I C I E N T
Remote
Sense LO
Source V, Measure I, V, or Ω configuration
Guard Sense
Pass
IMeter
V or I
Source
350µs
Contact
Check
(optional)
VMeter
In/Out HI
Sense HI
Sense LO
Fail
DUT
In/Out LO
Contact check option for 4-wire or 6-wire applications
Pass
and automation
Standard and Custom Sweeps
Start
Bias
Bias
T E S T I N G
Linear staircase sweep
Stop
Start
Bias
Bias
Logarithmic staircase sweep
Start
Stop
User defined
steps
Bias
Custom sweep
A C C E L E R A T E
Stop
For faster and easier testing, source memory list programmability is
provided that allows you to set up and execute up to 100 different
tests without PC intervention. Each test can contain different
instrument configurations and test conditions, and can include
source configurations, measurements, conditional branching, math
functions, and pass/fail limit testing with binning capability. In
addition, some SourceMeter models can include DC mode or
pulse mode with varying parameters and timing (integration,
delays, etc.), allowing you to slow down more sensitive measurements and speed up others to optimize overall timing.
T H A T
There are three basic sweep waveforms to select from. The linear
staircase sweep goes from the start level to the stop level in
equal linear steps. The logarithmic staircase sweep is similar,
but is done on a log scale with a specified number of steps per
decade. The custom sweep allows construction of special sweeps
by specifying the number of measurement points and the source
level at each point. All sweep configurations can be programmed
for single-event or continuous operation.
Built-In Test Sequencer
(Source Memory List)
S O L U T I O N S
SourceMeter instruments provide sweep solutions that greatly
accelerate testing with automation hooks for additional throughput improvement. This is true whether you are performing
sweeps on transistors, measuring Varistor Alpha, calculating
slope efficiency on VCSELs, simply verifying connector integrity,
or characterizing device performance, trip points, transfer functions, or virtually any DC volt-amp characteristic with high
precision. Also use it for I/V, I/R, V/I, and V/R characterization.
Bias
Selecting the best solution
for your
All SourceMeter instruments provide four-quadrant operation. In the first and third quadrants,
they operate as a source, delivering power to a load. In the second and fourth quadrants,
they operate as a sink, dissipating power internally. Voltage, current, and resistance can be
measured during source or sink operation.
Model 2400 SourceMeter
Instrument
Model 2420 3A SourceMeter Instrument
I
I
F O U R - Q U A D R A N T
+3A
+1A
+1A
+100mA
–200V
–20V
+20V
+100mA
+200V
–60V
V
–20V
+20V
+60V
V
–100mA
–100mA
–1A
O P E R A T I O N
–1A
–3A
The Model 2400 is ideal for testing a wide variety of devices, including diodes, resistors, resistor networks, active circuit protection
devices, and portable battery-powered devices and components.
Choose the Model 2420 for testing higher power resistors, thermistors,
IDDQ , solar cells, batteries, and high current or medium power diodes,
including switching and Schottky diodes.
Model 2425 100W SourceMeter
Instrument
Model 2410 High Voltage
SourceMeter Instrument
I
I
+3A
+1A
+1A
+200mA
+100mA
+20mA
–1100V –200V
–20V
+20V
+200V +1100V
–100V –60
–20
+20 +60
–20mA
–100mA
–100mA
–1A
–1A
–3A
The Model 2410’s high voltage capability makes it a good match for
applications such as voltage coefficient testing of resistors, isolation and
leakage current testing, and production testing/characterization of high
voltage components, including varistors, RF diodes, and rectifiers.
+100V
V
V
The Model 2425 offers continuous 100W programmable source
and measurement capability for testing DC/DC converters, power
semiconductor devices, and other high power components.
application
Model 2440 5A SourceMeter Instrument
Model 2430 1kW Pulse Mode
SourceMeter Instrument
+10A
I
5A
+3A
+1A
3A
1A
+100mA
100mA
+20 +60 +100V
-40V
40V
-10V
+10V
-100mA
D Y N A M I C
–100V –60 –20
V
–100mA
-1A
-3A
–1A
Duty Cycle/Pulse Limited
-5A
–10A
The Model 2440’s wide dynamic range is well-suited for applications
such as testing high power pump lasers for use in optical amplifiers
and laser bar tests, as well as testing other higher power components.
C A P A B I L I T I E S
The Model 2430 combines a 1kW pulse capability with continuous
100W programmable source and measurement capability for
production testing of devices like multi-layer varistors (MLVs),
protection diodes, and other transient suppression devices.
Model
2400/
2400-C*
2410/
2410-C*
2420/
2420-C*
2425/
2425-C*
2430/
2430-C*
2440/
2440-C*
6430
Description
General
Purpose
High
Voltage
3A
High Power
1000 W
Pulse
5A
Ultra-low
Current
Power Output
20 W
20 W
60 W
100 W
100 W
50 W
2W
Voltage
Range
±1 µV to
±210 V
±1 µV to
±1100 V
±1 µV to
±63 V
±1 µV to
±105 V
±1 µV to
±105 V
±1 µV to
±42 V
±1 µV to
±210 V
Current
Range
±10 pA to
±1.05 A
±10 pA to
±1.05 A
±100 pA to
±3.15 A
±100 pA to
±3.15 A
±100 pA to
±10.5 A
(pulse)
±100 pA to
±5.25 A
±10 aA** to
±105 mA
Ohms Range
<0.2 Ω to
>200 Ω
<0.2 Ω to
>200 MΩ
<0.2 Ω to
>200 MΩ
<0.2 Ω to
>200 MΩ
<0.2 Ω to
>200 MΩ
<2.0 Ω to
>200 MΩ
<2.0 Ω to
>20 TΩ***
Applications
• Resistive
devices
• Diodes
• Optoelectronic
components
• IDDQ
testing
• Voltage
coefficient
• Varistors
• High
voltage
diodes and
protection
devices
• Airbag
inflators
• Power
resistors
• Thermistors
• Solar cells
• Batteries
• Diodes
• IDDQ testing
• Power semiconductors
• DC/DC
converters
• High power
components
• IDDQ
testing
• High
power
pulse
testing
• Varistors
and other
circuit
protection
devices
• 5A
pump
laser
diodes
• Particle beam
experiments
• SET (single
electron
transistor)
testing
• Ultra-high
resistance
testing
(up to 10 Ω)
* A model number ending with “-C” indicates the Contact Check function
** 1aA = 1 x 10–18 amps
*** 1TΩ = 10 x 1012 ohms
T E S T I N G
–3A
Continuous Operation
15
Everything you need to create a
customized
For a fast, efficient, cost-effective
system
Keithley can provide you with a wide variety of accessories, switching systems, and support, so you can create a solution that is exactly tailored to your needs. Our Application Engineers can help you
decide which configurations are best suited to your situation.
F A S T ,
Switching systems
E F F I C I E N T ,
For your multiple test point applications, combine a Keithley
switch system with your SourceMeter instrument for a seamless,
complete solution. You can count on our switch systems to provide the characteristics needed to maintain signal integrity and the
flexibility to accommodate a wide range of signals.
Series 7000 Switch Systems
A N D
C O S T - E F F E C T I V E
The Model 7001 is a half-rack, 80-channel, 2-slot mainframe with
the highest density switching of any half-rack mainframe in the test
and measurement market. Its unique front panel display clearly
shows the open/closed status of every channel. Programming at
the front panel or over the
IEEE bus includes parameters such as scan spacing,
channel spacing, number of
scans, and trigger source.
The Model 7002 is a 10-slot mainframe that can support up to 400
2-pole multiplexer channels or 400 matrix crosspoints. Its unique
interactive front panel
channel status display
offers light-pen
programming.
Series 7000 Switch Cards
These switch cards provide you with sensitivity and accuracy that
matches the instrument, so you can achieve seamless interfacing
between SourceMeter instruments and the Model 7001 and 7002
High Density Switch Systems.
There are more
than 40 types of
cards, including
multiplexer, matrix,
multi-channel relay,
thermocouple, scanner, universal adapter, and RF cards.
Model 707A/708A Switch Matrix Systems
These switch matrix systems offer advanced solutions to test
engineers involved in production testing of semiconductor
devices, telecommunications equipment and other electronic
products. The Model 707A is a 6-slot mainframe for control of up
to 576 channels, while the 708A includes a single slot for up to
96 channels.
Integra Series Switch/Measurement Systems
When you need higher accuracy, use these systems. They also provide you with the functionality of a DMM, a switching system, a
data acquisition system, and a data logger in compact, affordable,
easy-to-configure packages. With 80- or 200-channel capacity, these
systems allow you to choose from a variety of switch/control plugin modules, so you can easily customize a system to the needs of
your application. Choose from GPIB, RS-232, or Ethernet communication options. Outstanding features of the Model 2750 include
world-class low power, low ohms performance and dry circuit and
offset compensation capabilities.
test solution
Optoelectronic Instrumentation
System 40/41/S46 and
System 25
Model 7116-MWS RF/Microwave Signal
Keithley’s System 25 LIV (light-current-voltage) Test System Kit
combines all the DC measurement capabilities required to test
laser diode modules with optical power measurement and tight
temperature control over the device under test in an integrated
instrument package. The LIV test system is configured from proven
Keithley instrumentation; the basic configuration can be easily
modified to add new measurement functions or to allow for new
connections.
Routing Systems
When you need to integrate a variety of RF components, low frequency switching, power switching, and/or digital I/O into one
system, our System 40/41/S46 and Model 7116-MWS switching
systems will meet your needs. These switching
systems provide both standard and custom configurations.
S E R V I C E
RF/Microwave Switching
Y O U
C A N
Available Accessories:
Model 2502 Dual Photodiode Meter
Designed for Keithley’s L-I-V
production test systems, the
Model 2502 provides two
100V bias sources and two
high speed picoammeters in
a single half-rack enclosure.
It supplies the voltage bias
and current measurement for
two photodetectors simultaneously. The Model 2502 is compatible
with the Model 2500INT Integrating Sphere for optical power measurements.
Model 2510/2510-AT Autotuning TEC
SourceMeter Instrument
The Model 2510 powers a laser diode’s ThermoElectric Cooler
(TEC), providing precise P-I-D (Proportional, Integral, and
Derivative) temperature control of the device under test. The
Model 2510-AT expands these capabilities with a built-in autotuning algorithm. The autotune feature calculates the best P, I, and D
coefficients for optimal closed-loop temperature control.
O N
KPC-488.2AT, KPCI-488 GPIB/IEEE-488 Interface Boards
7007-,7007-2
Double-Shielded, Premium GPIB
Cables
7009-5
RS-232 Cable
Test Leads
1754
2-Wire Universal 10 Piece Test
Lead Kit
5804
Kelvin (4-Wire) Universal 10
Piece
Test Lead Kit
5805
Kelvin (4-Wire) Spring-Loaded
Probes
5806
Kelvin (4-Wire) Oversized
Alligator
Clip-on Leads
Triggering and Control
KPC-TM
TriggerMaster Interface
8501-1, 8501-2
Trigger-Link Cables
8502, 8503, 8505
Trigger-Link Adapters
2499-DIGIO
Digital I/O Expander
Assembly
Other
TestPoint
Test Development Software
D E P E N D
Communication
Specifications
These condensed specifications provide a valuable overview of the SourceMeter family. For
complete specifications, visit our web site (www.keithley.com) or call us at 1-888-KEITHLEY
(534-8453) to speak with one of our experienced applications engineers or to ask for data
sheets of the models that interest you.
SourceMeter® Family
2400(-C)
Volts Ranges
V
Basic V Source Accuracy
Basic V Measure Accuracy
I Ranges
mA
Basic I Source Accuracy
Basic I Measure Accuracy
Ohms Ranges
Basic Ohms
Measure Accuracy
0.2, 2, 20, 200 V
2410(-C)
2420(-C)
0.2, 2, 20, 1000 V 0.2, 2, 20, 60 V
2425(-C)
2430(-C)
0.2, 2, 20, 100 V 0.2, 2, 20, 100 V
2440(-C)
6430
0.2, 2, 20, 40 V
0.2, 2, 20, 200
0.02%
0.015%
0.02%
0.015%
0.02%
0.015%
0.02%
0.015%
0.02%
0.015%
0.02%
0.015%
0.02%
0.015%
1, 10, 100 µA
1, 10, 100 mA
1 A
1, 10, 100 µA
1, 10, 100 mA
1 A
10, 100 µA
1, 10, 100 mA
1 A, 3 A
10, 100 µA
1, 10, 100 mA
1 A, 3A
10, 100 µA
1, 10, 100 mA
1 A, 3 A, 10 A
10, 100 µA
1, 10, 100 mA
1 A, 5 A
1, 10, 100 pA
1, 10, 100 nA
1, 10, 100 µA
1, 10, 100
0.045%
0.035%
0.045%
0.035%
0.045%
0.035%
0.045%
0.035%
0.045%
0.035%
0.045%
0.035%
0.045%
0.035%
20, 200 Ω
2, 20, 200 kΩ
2, 20, 200 MΩ
20, 200 Ω
2, 20, 200 kΩ
2, 20, 200 MΩ
2, 20, 200 Ω
2, 20, 200 kΩ
2, 20 MΩ
2, 20, 200 Ω
2, 20, 200 kΩ
2, 20 MΩ
2, 20, 200 Ω
2, 20, 200 kΩ
2, 20 MΩ
2, 20, 200 Ω
2, 20, 200 kΩ
2, 20 MΩ
20, 200 Ω
2, 20, 200 kΩ
2, 20, 200 MΩ
2, 20, 200 GΩ
2, 20 TΩ
0.06%
0.07%
0.06%
0.06%
0.06%
0.06%
0.06%
Additional Source Specfications
Additional Measure Specification
VOLTAGE REGULATION: Line: 0.01% of range. Load: 0.01% of range +
100µV.
NOISE 10Hz–1MHz (p-p): 10mV (50mV typ., Models 2430 and 2440).
SOURCE I MODE, MANUAL OHMS: Total uncertainty = I source accuracy +
V measure accuracy (4-wire remote sense).
SOURCE V MODE, MANUAL OHMS: Total uncertainty = V source accuracy
+ I measure accuracy (4-wire remote sense).
6-WIRE OHMS MODE: Available using active ohms guard and guard
sense. Max. Guard Output Current: 50mA (except 1, 3, 5, 10A
and 1000V ranges). Accuracy is load dependent. Refer to White
Paper No. 2033 for calculation formula.
GUARD OUTPUT IMPEDANCE: <0.1Ω in ohms mode.
OVER VOLTAGE PROTECTION: User selectable values, 5% tolerance.
Factory default = none.
CURRENT LIMIT: Bipolar current limit (compliance) set with single
value. Min. 0.1% of range.
OVERSHOOT: <0.1% typical (full scale step, resistive load, 10mA
range).
CURRENT REGULATION: Line: 0.01% of range. Load: 0.01% of range
(except Model 2440 5A range 0.5% + 100pA).
VOLTAGE LIMIT: Bipolar voltage limit (compliance) set with single
value. Min. 0.1% of range.
OVERSHOOT: <0.1% typical (1mA step, RL = 10kΩ, 20V range for
Model 2400, 2410, 2420, 2425, 2430) (10V range for Model
2440).
OUTPUT SETTLING TIME: Time required to reach 0.1% of final value
after command is processed. 100µs typical. Resistive load. 10µA
to 100mA range.
DC FLOATING VOLTAGE: Output can be floated up to ±250V DC (Model
2440 ±40V DC) from chassis ground.
REMOTE SENSE: Up to 1V drop per load lead.
COMPLIANCE ACCURACY: Add 0.3% of range and ±0.02% of reading to
base specification.
Contact Check Specifications
SPEED: 350µs for verification and notification.
CONTACT CHECK:
2Ω
15 Ω
No contact check failure
<1.00 Ω
<13.5 Ω
Always contact check failure >3.00 Ω
>16.5 Ω
50 Ω
<47.5 Ω
>52.5 Ω
System Speeds
Measurement1
MAXIMUM RANGE CHANGE RATE: 75/second.
MAXIMUM MEASURE AUTORANGE TIME: 40ms (fixed source).2
Sweep Operation3 ReadingRates (rdg./second) for 60Hz (50Hz):
SPEED
Fast
IEEE-488.1 Mode
Fast
IEEE-488.2 Mode
Medium
IEEE-488.2 Mode
Normal
IEEE-488.2 Mode
NPLC/TRIGGER ORIGIN
0.01 / internal
0.01 / external
0.01 / internal
0.01 / external
0.10 / internal
0.10 / external
1.00 / internal
1.00 / external
MEASURE
TO MEM.
TO GPIB
2081(2030) 1754
1239(1200) 1254
2081(2030) 1198(1210)
1239(1200) 1079(1050)
510 (433)
509 (433)
438 (380)
438 (380)
5 9 (49)
5 9 (49)
5 7 (48)
5 7 (48)
SOURCE-MEASURE5
TO MEM.
TO GPIB
1551(1515) 1369
1018 (990) 1035
1551(1515) 1000(900)
1018 (990) 916(835)
470 (405) 470(410)
409 (360) 409(365)
5 8 (48)
5 8 (48)
5 7 (48)
5 7 (47)
SOURCE-MEASURE
PASS/FAIL TEST4, 5
TO MEM.
TO GPIB
902(900) 981
830(830) 886
902(900) 809(840)
830(830) 756(780)
389 (343) 388(343)
374(333) 374(333)
5 6 (47)
5 6 (47)
5 6 (47)
5 6 (47)
SOURCE-MEMORY4
TO MEM.
TO GPIB
165(162) 165
163(160) 163
165(162) 164(162)
163(160) 162(160)
133(126) 132(126)
131(125) 131(125)
4 4 (38)
4 4 (38)
4 4 (38)
4 4 (38)
Single reading operation reading rates (rdg./second) for 60Hz (50Hz):
SPEED
Fast (488.1)
Fast (488.2)
Medium(488.2)
Normal (488.2)
MEASURE
TO GPIB
537
256(256)
167(166)
4 9 (42)
NPLC/TRIGGER ORIGIN
0.01 / internal
0.01 / internal
0.10 / internal
1.00 / internal
SOURCE-MEASURE5
TO GPIB
140
7 9(83)
7 2(70)
3 4(31)
SOURCE-MEASURE PASS/FAIL TEST4,5
TO GPIB
135
7 9(83)
6 9(70)
3 5(30)
SOURCE
PASS/FAIL TEST
0.5 ms (0.5 ms)
0.5 ms (0.5 ms)
0.5 ms (0.5 ms)
SOURCE-MEASURE PASS/FAIL TEST5, 7
TO GPIB
4.82 ms (5.3 ms)
6.27 ms (7.1 ms)
21.31 ms(25.0 ms)
Component for 60Hz (50Hz):4, 6
SPEED
Fast
Medium
Normal
1
2
3
4
MEASURE
TO GPIB
1.04 ms (1.08 ms)
2.55 ms (2.9 ms)
17.53 ms (20.9 ms)
NPLC/TRIGGER ORIGIN
0.01 / external
0.10 / external
1.00 / external
Reading rates applicable for voltage or current measurements. Auto zero off,
autorange off, filter off, display off, trigger delay = 0, and binary reading format.
Purely resistive lead. 1µA and 10µA ranges <65ms.
1000 point sweep was characterized with the source on a fixed range.
Pass/Fail test performed using one high limit and one low math limit.
5
6
7
Includes time to re-program source to a new level before making measurement.
Time from falling edge of START OF TEST signal to falling edge of END OF TEST
signal.
Command processing time of :SOURce:VOLTage|CURRent:TRIGgered <nrf> command not included.
GENERAL
Noise Rejection:
Fast
Medium
Slow
1
NPLC
0.01
0.1
1
NMRR
—
—
60 dB
CMRR
8 0 dB
8 0 dB
100 dB1
Except lowest 2 current ranges = 90dB.
LOAD IMPEDANCE: Stable into 20,000pF typical.
COMMON MODE VOLTAGE: 250V DC (40V D C for Model 2440).
COMMON MODE ISOLATION: >109 Ω, <1000pF.
OVERRANGE: 105% of range, source and measure.
MAX. VOLTAGE DROP BETWEEN INPUT/OUTPUT AND SENSE TERMINALS: 5V.
MAX. SENSE LEAD RESISTANCE: 1MΩ for rated accuracy.
selected measured value(s) and time stamp. Lithium battery backup (3 yr+
battery life).
PROGRAMMABILITY: IEEE-488 (SCPI-1995.0), RS-232, 5 user-definable powerup states plus factory default and *RST.
DIGITAL INTERFACE:
Interlock: Active low input.
Handler Interface: Start of test, end of test, 3 category bits. [email protected] 300mA
supply.
Digital I/O: 1 trigger input, 4 TTL/Relay Drive outputs (33V @ 500mA, diode
clamped).
POWER SUPPLY: 100V to 240V rms, 50–60Hz (automatically detected at
power up). Model 2400: 190VA. Model 2410: 210VA. Model 2420: 220VA. Model
2425, 2430: 250VA. Model 2440: 240VA.
SENSE INPUT IMPEDANCE: >101 0Ω.
COOLING: (Model 2410, 2420, 2425, 2430, 2440): Forced air, variable speed.
GUARD OFFSET VOLTAGE: <300µV, typical.
WARRANTY: 1 year.
SOURCE OUTPUT MODES:
Pulse (Model 2430 only)
Fixed DC level
Memory List (mixed function)
Stair (linear and log)
SOURCE MEMORY LIST: 100 points max.
EMC: Conforms to European Union Directive 89/336/EEC, EN 61326-1.
MEMORY BUFFER: 5,000 readings @ 5 digits (two 2,500 point buffers). Includes
SAFETY: Conforms to European Union Directive 73/23/EEC, EN61010-1.
WARM-UP: 1 hour to rated accuracies.
DIMENSIONS: 89mm high × 213mm wide × 370mm deep (31⁄
2 in × 8 3⁄
8 in ×
1 6 in). Bench Configuration (with handle & feet):104mm high × 238mm wide ×
1 49⁄
8 in × 9 3⁄
8 in × 1 49⁄
1 6 in).
370mm deep (41⁄
Informative reference materials
Service you can depend on
Visit our web site, www.keithley.com, to access our
reference library, including:
When you need help, contact us at www.keithley.com or call us at
1-888-KEITHLEY (534-8453). Whatever your application, Keithley’s application engineers are ready to help you meet its challenges, before and
after the sale. You can rely on us to suggest the most effective system configurations and to provide prompt, reliable applications support once your
system is set up.
Switching Handbook
This valuable publication describes relay
characteristics, switching specifications,
selection criteria, system integration hints,
and guidelines for optimizing your test system.
The next time you’re faced with a challenging application, give us a call.
We’ll offer you a cost-effective solution that will help you improve your
product quality, throughput, and yield.
Keithley’s commitment to the electronics
manufacturing industry
Low Level Measurements
This informative handbook describes
theoretical and practical considerations
involved in the measurement of low DC
currents, high resistances, and low
DC voltages.
Application Notes
These helpful notes include practical, real-world answers to many
application questions related to SourceMeter instruments.
Keithley has more than 50 years of experience in applying our world leadership in low-level measurements to produce solutions
for your industry’s needs. Backed by R&D, customer feedback,
partnerships, and strategic alliances, the result has been accurate
and reliable DMMs, Source-Measure Units, switching systems, I/V characterization systems, and much, much more. The Series 2400 SourceMeter
family continues this tradition, along with our heritage of Quality, Service,
Innovation, and Integrity (QSII).
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
All Keithley trademarks and trade names are the property of Keithley Instruments, Inc.
All other trademarks and trade names are the property of their respective companies.
A
G R E A T E R
M E A S U R E
O F
C O N F I D E N C E
Keithley Instruments, Inc.
Corporate Headquarters • 28775 Aurora Road • Cleveland, Ohio 44139 • 440-248-0400 • Fax: 440-248-6168 • 1-888-KEITHLEY (534-8453) • www.keithley.com
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© Copyright 2003 Keithley Instruments, Inc.
Printed in U.S.A.
No. 1896
10038KOP
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