KI 3600 Series Power Meter KI 3800 Series Light Source

KI 3600 Series Power Meter KI 3800 Series Light Source
KI 3600 Series
Power Meter
KI 3800 Series
Light Source
OPERATION & MAINTENANCE GUIDE
OPERATION MANUAL
KI 3600 Series Optical Power Meter
KI 3800 Series Optical Light Source
Congratulations on your purchase of this instrument, which has been
engineered to provide the best possible reliability, convenience and
performance. To get the best use from your equipment and ensure
its safe operation, please spend a few minutes to read this manual.
Made in Australia. International Patents Granted
© Copyright Kingfisher International Pty Ltd
th
6 Edition, May 2009.
KI 3000 UM-6
1
CONTENTS
Service and Support
4
Accuracy Considerations
20
Introduction and Applications
5
Definition of Terms
22
General Safety Summary
7
Specifications
23
Battery Power
10
Ordering Information
26
Optical Connector
11
Calibration and Maintenance
28
Getting Started and Turning On
13
Performance Verification Tests
32
Autotest Operation
15
Quick Reference Guide
43
Power Meter Operation
17
Disclaimer and Warranty
47
Light Source Operation
18
User Notes
48
Care of your Instrument
19
PLEASE REFER TO THE CONTROL PANEL PICTURES IN THE QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE SECTION OF THIS MANUAL
KI 3000 UM-6
2
KI 3600 Series Optical Power Meter / KI 3800 Series Optical Light Source
KI 3000 UM-6
3
SERVICE AND SUPPORT
Applications Support
Please visit www.kingfisher.com.au to see our comprehensive
Application Notes written to support instrument users.
Look at www.kingfisher.com.au to find distributor details from the
Contact Us section.
Our local agents are able to offer excellent applications advice in
your language and time zone.
Please visit our website on www.kingfisher.com.au for a current list of
regional service centres.
If returning equipment to Kingfisher International for service or
calibration, please download and complete the Return Material
Authorization Form located on the Support page on our web site
www.kingfisher.com.au .
To avoid delays and minimise disruption for our customers, Kingfisher
International offers a fixed price repair service.
For the staff at our fully equipped service and calibration centre, it is
their pleasure to keep your equipment performing at its very best.
Otherwise if you are having difficulties please feel free to contact
[email protected] for applications support.
Instrument Service
Qualified personnel must perform adjustment, maintenance or repair
of this product. To obtain service, please contact your local
Kingfisher International distributor or our office in Australia:
Tel: (61) 3-9757-4100
Fax: (61) 3-9757-4193
Email: [email protected]
KI 3000 UM-6
4
INTRODUCTION AND APPLICATIONS
General
The KI 3000 Series Optical Power Meters and Optical Light Sources
are used to test all types of fiber optic systems:
• Tx / Rx absolute power levels in dBm
• Optical loss in dB
• Continuity testing with the test tone features
The instruments offer an exceptional level of convenience and
productivity in these applications and are for use by installers,
technicians and engineers. They feature superb measurement
confidence, ease of use and reduced cost of ownership.
Both instruments feature very long battery life, 1200 hours for the
meter and 600 hours for the source. This eliminates requirements for
external power packs.
The instruments have shock absorbent corners, and a tough
polycarbonate housing which has passed extensive drop testing.
Calibration can be performed by any suitably equipped laboratory
without opening the instrument. The recommended re-calibration
cycle is 3 years.
The interchangeable optical connectors are drop protected during
use, are dust protected by a snap on cover, and are easily
disassembled for cleaning. A wide variety of connector styles are
available, including 1.25 mm LC and MU styles.
Autotest mode on both source and meter enables automatic
wavelength detection and attenuation measurement.
KI 3000 UM-6
5
INTRODUCTION AND APPLICATIONS
Power Meter features
Superior measurement confidence is achieved with a unique Total
Uncertainty Specification, which covers the full temperature,
measurement and connector range, and a NATA/ILAC traceable
calibration certificate is supplied.
Warm up period, range-changing delays and user dark current
zeroing are all eliminated.
The sensitive optical tone detector displays the actual measured tone
frequency in Hz. If a standard tone is detected, the buzzer sounds,
which is useful for fiber identification and continuity testing.
Power stability testing can be performed using the max/min recording
function. The display can show dBm, dB and linear units, and can be
put on hold for convenient data recording.
Standard power meters work with fiber core diameter up to 200
micron, with both PC and APC polish connectors.
The special KI 3600XL version has a large area detector and
traditional screw-on connector adaptors suitable for various
applications, including ribbon fiber, MT-RJ connectors, large core
fiber and any special connector requirements. It has higher power
handling capacity. This manual refers to the KI 3600 except where
specifically mentioned.
KI 3000 UM-6
The InGaAS detector is the most common detector for general use.
Detector options include Germanium (Ge), Indium Gallium Arsenide
(InGaAs), Silicon (Si), and various attenuated versions.
Power meter calibration options are available from 600 nm to 1650
nm and power levels from +30 to -70 dBm.
Light Source features
Dual wavelength sources have switchable wavelengths through one
port, which makes operation faster.
Laser sources at 1310 / 1550 nm are used for testing single mode
fiber systems.
LED sources at 850 / 1300 nm are used for testing multimode fiber
systems.
The 1300 nm LED can also perform short distance single mode
testing.
Light source features re-connection repeatability of 0.1dB. Combined
with their excellent stability, this provides more accurate
measurement results.
6
GENERAL SAFETY SUMMARY
The following safety signs and symbols specify general safety
precautions which must be observed during all phases of operation,
service and repair of this instrument. Failure to comply with these
precautions or with specific warnings elsewhere in this manual
violates safety standards of design, manufacture and intended use of
the instrument. Kingfisher International assumes no liability for the
customer’s failure to comply with these requirements.
Before operation, review the instrument and user manual for safety
instructions. You must follow these to ensure safe operation and to
maintain the instrument in safe condition.
WARNING!
The WARNING! sign denotes a hazard. It calls attention to a
procedure, practice or the like, which, if not correctly performed or
adhered to, could result in injury. Do not proceed beyond a
WARNING! sign until the indicated safety conditions are fully
understood and met.
CAUTION!
The CAUTION! sign denotes a hazard. It calls attention to an
operating procedure, or the like, which, if not correctly performed or
adhered to, could result in damage to or destruction of part, or all, of
the product. Do not proceed beyond a CAUTION! sign until the
indicated conditions are fully understood and met.
KI 3000 UM-6
Safety Symbols
!
The apparatus will be marked with this symbol when it is necessary
for the user to refer to the instruction manual in order to protect the
apparatus against damage.
Initial Inspection
Inspect the shipping container for damage. If there is damage to the
container or cushioning, keep them until you have checked the
contents of the shipment for completeness and verified the
instrument both mechanically and electrically. If the contents are
incomplete, mechanical damage or defect is apparent, or if an
instrument does not pass the operator’s checks, notify the nearest
Sales/Service Office.
To check instrument performance, please refer to Performance
Verification Tests section of this manual.
WARNING! You must return instruments with malfunctions to a
Service Centre for repair and calibration.
7
GENERAL SAFETY SUMMARY
Operating Environment
Safety
The range of Kingfisher equipment covered by this manual can be
operated at temperatures between -15 °C and +55 °C and at relative
humidity of <95 %.
These instruments contain no hazardous optical or electrical items.
When using this equipment, optical safety precautions should be
observed commensurate with the maximum available source power,
since most of this power can also be coupled out of the instrument.
Storage & Shipment
The range of Kingfisher equipment covered by this manual can be
stored or shipped at temperatures between -25 °C and +70 °C and at
relative humidity of less than 95 %. Protect the units from
temperature extremes that may cause condensation within it.
KI 3000 UM-6
WARNING! Observe optical safety when using high power.
Optical safety requirements at high power levels MUST be observed
or eye damage is likely. Organisations and users operating optical
equipment with these power levels MUST determine and observe
relevant safety precautions, which are beyond the scope of this
manual.
8
GENERAL SAFETY SUMMARY
Laser and LED Safety Information
VCSEL
850 ± 20 nm
Surface emitting LED
refer current specifications
InGaAs Fabry - Perot laser
1310/1490/1550 ± 20 nm
Max CW output power¹
850 nm
0.631 mW
1310/1550 nm
1.26 mW
1490 nm
0.398 mW
Laser Class according to
IEC 60825-1 (2001) – International
850 nm
class 1
1310/1490/1550 nm
class 1
21 CFR 1040.10 (1995) – USA
850 nm
class 1
1310/1490/1550 nm
class 1
Maximum permissible CW output power²
IEC 60825-1 (2001) - International
850 nm, class 1
0.78 mW
1310 nm, class 1
15.6 mW
1490/1550 nm, class 1
10 mW
21 CFR 1040.10 (1995) – USA
850 nm, Class 1
0.76 mW
1310 nm, Class 1
2 mW
1490/1550 nm, Class 1
8.1mW
KI 3000 UM-6
Note 1: Maximum CW output power is defined as the highest possible optical power
that the Source can produce at its output connector. Refer to specification sheet for
actual operating power
Note 2: Maximum permissible CW output power is the highest optical power that is
permitted within the appropriate laser class. Refer to specification sheet for actual
operating power
In the USA, laser / LED sources specified by this data sheet are
classified as Class 1 according to 21 CFR 1040.10 (1995).
Internationally, the same laser sources are classified as Class 1
according to IEC 60825-1 (2001).
WARNING!
Optical power levels in fiber optic systems can cause permanent eye
injury and damage to eyesight.
Never look into the end of an optical cable or connector which might
be attached to an active source.
Do not enable a laser when there is no fibre attached to the optical
output connector. Optical magnifying instruments (eg microscope)
increase eye hazard. Disconnect the source before using an optical
magnifier. The laser module has a built-in safety circuitry which will
disable the optical output in the case of a fault condition, however,
this cannot be guaranteed. An equipment assurance program is
recommended to check for safe laser operation.
9
BATTERY POWER
These instruments are powered by two 1.5 V dry Alkaline ‘C’ size
batteries
Model
Battery run time in hours
KI 3600 Optical Power Meter
1200
KI 3800 Optical Light Source
600 Hrs in Autotest
About 30 % capacity is obtained when using 2x ‘AA’ alkaline cells
batteries and supplied adaptors, or 50 % capacity when using 2 x 1.2
V rechargeable NiMH ‘C’ size batteries.
CAUTION!
Do not use lithium batteries or other batteries with a nominal voltage
greater than 1.8 V. The instrument may be damaged.
Protect our environment! Some batteries contain toxic heavy metals,
so please dispose of them by returning to a re-cycling centre.
Batteries purchased from Kingfisher agents can be returned to them
for appropriate disposal.
When the batteries are low, the low-battery indicator is shown on the
display. At this stage, there is approximately enough energy for
another 100 hours of use.
To save energy, the instrument automatically turns off after 10
minutes without operation.
To change the batteries, open the cover of the battery compartment
at the side of the instrument, remove the batteries and insert new
ones.
KI 3000 UM-6
10
OPTICAL CONNECTOR
To access the optical connectors, grasp the top right corners of the
instrument, and pull off the covers.
connector failure and fiber fuse at very high power levels. Ceramic
connector sleeves also work better in cold conditions.
The optical port is mounted on a swivel, which allows the connector
to be angled outwards for accessibility, and then pushed back and
covered with the snap cover to provide dirt and drop protection.
CAUTION! Do not use damaged or incompatible connectors.
To install an adaptor, align the locating slot on the side of the through
adaptor with that on the instrument connector, and press it on.
To remove an adaptor, move the connector port to its mid-way point,
press button on the back of the instrument and then pull off the
adaptor. With some styles of connector, it is easier to pull off the
adaptor with a test lead in place, since this gives better grip.
Power Meter
A power meter can be used with both PC and APC connector styles.
Bare fiber adaptors must achieve fiber eccentricity of ± 100 microns,
and end tolerance of ± 300 microns relative to the ferrule end.
Preferred bare fiber adaptors consist of a connector with fiber
retention device or other end stop.
On older models without the release button, move the connector port
to its mid-way point, then pull off the adaptor.
For regular work with bare fibers, it is preferable to use an alternative
arrangement such as a multimode pigtail with a v-groove or
mechanical splice.
Different styles of connector adaptor (ST, SC, FC, D4, MU,
LC/F3000, E2000/LSH, SMA 905/906, LSA/DIN) can be easily fitted
by the user.
CAUTION! Do not scratch the detector lens with glass fiber end
when using bare fiber adaptors, or the instrument will be permanently
damaged.
When not in use, keep the test port and connectors covered. Do not
touch connector tips with your fingers, since body oils and dirt can
impair connector performance.
Light Source
The supplied standard adaptors have ceramic sleeves and do not
cause metal dust contamination. Connector contamination can cause
CAUTION! The use of bare fiber adaptors with the source is not
recommended as permanent instrument damage will occur.
KI 3000 UM-6
A light source is either PC or APC connector specific. This is
determined when ordering the instrument.
11
OPTICAL CONNECTOR
How to clean the optical connectors
Light Source
Always clean the mating connector tip and ferrule before mating,
using approved materials.
WARNING! Disable source when cleaning optical interface. Remove
batteries before using a microscope to inspect instrument connector.
CAUTION! Do not attempt to clean an optical interface with anything
hard that could scratch glass, or permanent instrument damage may
occur.
To clean the interface without removing the adaptor, use ‘ stick ‘ style
connector cleaner . This cleans both the adaptor and end face in one
operation. Alternatively, first remove the interchangeable adaptor to
access the glass interface. Then blow away any dust or dirt with
compressed air. If this is not sufficient, then clean the interface by
rubbing a lint-free lens cloth over the surface using small circular
movements.
Power Meter
The glass power meter interface does not make contact with the
inserted connector - there is a slight air gap. Therefore it will not
wear, and only needs occasional cleaning.
To clean the interface without removing the adaptor, use ‘ stick ‘ style
connector cleaner . This cleans both the adaptor and end face in one
operation.
Alternatively, first remove the interchangeable adaptor to access the
glass interface.
Then use a soft brush, alcohol, air can or sticky material such as ‘Blu
tac‘ to remove dirt on the glass end face.
KI 3000 UM-6
12
GETTING STARTED AND TURNING ON
This section will show you how to use your instrument:
To access the optical connector, grasp the top right corner of the
instrument, and pull off the cover. The connector can be swivelled to
improve access. Check that an optical connector adaptor has been
fitted.
Put the batteries into the instrument. To turn instrument on, press the
[POWER] button. The display will briefly show the firmware version. If
the battery is low, this will be indicated on the display with a battery
symbol. Pressing [POWER] again will turn the instrument off.
Should the instrument fail to turn on, the microprocessor may need
re-booting. To do this, remove the batteries for at least 40 seconds.
Power Meter
To turn on all display segments, press and hold [λ] during
instrument turn-on.
To switch on the KI 3600 Power Meter for permanent operation,
press and hold [2nd], then press and release [POWER] during turnon. ‘Perm’ on the display indicates that the unit will stay on
permanently.
After turn-on, the instrument performs a self-calibration sequence,
and then displays absolute power in dBm at the previously set
wavelength. If ‘HI’ or ‘LO’ are displayed, the input is out of range.
KI 3000 UM-6
To disable or enable the buzzer, press and hold [2nd], then press
and release [POWER].
Power Meter requires no warm up, and no user adjustment of dark
current to achieve its specified performance.
Light Source
To turn on all display segments, press and hold [MOD KHz] during
instrument turn-on.
To switch on the KI 3800 Light Source for permanent operation,
press and hold [PERM ON], then press and release [POWER] during
turn-on. ‘Perm’ on the display indicates that the unit will stay on
permanently. To enable source emitter, press [Sourceλ ].
WARNING! Do not enable a laser when there is no fibre attached to
the optical output connector.
To disable or enable the buzzer, press and hold [MOD KHz], then
press and release [POWER] while source is off.
The light source may require a warm up period at the set wavelength
for 15 min to achieve specified stability.
13
AUTOTEST OPERATION
Autotest is the easy way to perform optical loss testing when an
Autotest compatible light source and power meter are available.
Press [λ] once to display first wavelength again or press [λ]
twice to unlock both wavelengths and return to Autotest.
Autotest performs automated loss measurement and wavelength
detection by data exchange between the light source and power
meter.
The transmitted power from the light source will be displayed on the
left hand side of the power meter display. Press [Abs/Rel] to make
the meter display relative power.
It remains synchronised for about 8 seconds after disconnection to
give the user time to change optical connections without re-starting
Autotest each time. This provides productivity gains.
To take a reference under Autotest, press and hold [2nd] and then
press [SET REF] on the meter. This will store the reference at all
relevant wavelengths.
All Kingfisher equipment featuring Autotest is compatible. Any
Autotest source will work with any Autotest meter, as long as both
have compatible wavelengths.
If a multi- wavelength light source is used, Auto will be displayed in
the centre of the light source display and the alternating wavelengths
will be shown in the top right hand side.
To initiate Autotest operation, connect light source and meter with a
test lead and turn them on. On the light source, press [Auto test].
This is all that is required.
To exit Autotest mode, either disconnect the optical test lead, or exit
Autotest mode on the light source for > 8 seconds.
Power Meter
The meter will then automatically set to the correct wavelength and
display absolute power in dBm. If a multi- wavelength light source is
used, the display will alternate between wavelengths. To display only
one wavelength at a time, press [λ] to display first wavelength,
then press [λ] once more to display second. “nm” and ‘Hold’ will
flash alternately to show that the displayed wavelength is locked.
KI 3000 UM-6
Light Source
To exit Autotest mode, press [Auto test] or [MENU], then press
[Source λ] to switch on source.
14
AUTOTEST OPERATION
KI 3600 Series Power Meter
KI 3000 UM-6
KI 3800 Series Light Source
15
POWER METER OPERATION
The mode of operation described below is typically used to measure
Tx / Rx absolute power levels, to perform continuity testing with the
tone detector, or if an Autotest light source is not available. To
measure the operational power level in a fiber optic system, the
meter is used in dBm or linear modes. To measure optical loss or
attenuation, the power meter is used in dB mode, and the source
power is taken as a reference.
•
When in reference mode, the reference value is displayed on
the left hand side of the display.
•
To toggle log/linear display mode, press and hold [2nd] and then
press and release [dB mW].This function does not operate when
in Autotest.
•
To display the Max Min recorded power, press and hold [2nd],
then press and release [Max Min]. To reset this function press
and hold down [2nd] and [Max Min] for 3 seconds. This function
does not operate when in Autotest.
•
If the meter detects a test tone higher than 150 Hz, the display
will change to show the actual measured modulation frequency
in Hz.
•
Maximum displayed frequency is 9999 Hz.
•
If a standard tone is detected (eg 270 Hz, 1 KHz, 2 KHz), a
buzzer will sound. This is useful for fiber identification and
signalling. The meter can also be used to check the actual
modulation frequency of test sources.
WARNING! Observe optical safety procedures relevant to the power
levels being measured, especially for the high power H3 meter
After instrument turn-on, the power meter is operational at the last
used wavelength.
•
To scroll the wavelength, press [λ], or [λ]. The display
shows the nominal wavelength in nm on the top right of the
display.
•
To toggle absolute / relative display mode, press [Abs/Rel]. The
display will show ‘dB R’ or ‘dBm’.
•
To stop / start display update, press [Hold]. The symbol will
flash when the display is on hold.
•
To set reference, press and hold [2nd] and then press [SET
REF].
KI 3000 UM-5
16
LIGHT SOURCE OPERATION
The mode of operation described below is typically used to perform
continuity testing with the test tone generator, or if an Autotest
compatible power meter is not available:
•
After instrument turn on, the display shows ‘OFF’.
•
The source is scrolled using [SOURCE λ].
•
Operating wavelengths will be shown in the top corner on the
right hand side and source power level on the left hand side.
•
To modulate the source, press [MOD KHz].
•
Modulation is active only while the source is enabled.
•
To select a modulation frequency, press [MOD KHz] to scroll
through available settings: 0.27 KHz, 1 kHz, 2 kHz to off (CW).
KI 3000 UM-6
Laser Output Power Adjustment
To adjust the laser output power, turn the laser ‘on’, then press and
hold the [PERM ON] button while pressing [MOD KHz] to increase
the output power, or [SOURCE λ] to decrease the output power.
Note: This function does not operate when in Autotest.
Note: This function is not available on the LED source option.
17
CARE OF YOUR INSTRUMENT
•
Follow the directions in this manual on optical connector
care.
•
Use only high quality sealed alkaline or NiMH batteries.
•
During prolonged storage, remove batteries to eliminate
the possibility of acid leakage.
•
•
During storage and transport, keep the instrument in its
carry case to protect against crushing, vibration, dust and
moisture.
The instrument is resistant to normal dust and moisture,
however it is not waterproof. If moisture gets into the
instrument, dry it out carefully before using it again.
KI 3000 UM-6
•
Where possible, keep instrument away from direct sunlight.
•
Clean the instrument case using alcohol or other non
solvent cleaning agents. Acetone or other active solvents
may damage the case.
•
The instrument housing is made of tough polycarbonate
material with impact absorbing rubberised corner features
and is therefore drop resistant.
Power Meter
•
Input optical power must not exceed the damage level
specified for each detector type.
18
ACCURACY CONSIDERATIONS
All Measurements
Keep optical connectors clean and in good condition. APC
connectors will generally provide improved power stability on single
mode systems.
To reduce the effect of polarisation changes, the system should be
neat, coiled and physically stable.
In multimode systems, modal noise and general uncertainty are
much worse than in single mode systems. Optimum measurement
repeatability will be obtained by use of a mandrel wrap.
acceptable limits. Specifications are for typical drift, warm up, and
with a specified level of return loss. Actual drift will vary between
instruments and test situations.
Most available laser sources are sensitive to reflections. Varying
reflections can induce laser source instability of around 0.3 dB. This
is very difficult to verify without a special test system, but can cause
errors. Reduced reflection will result in improved repeatability.
Due to emitter centre wavelength uncertainty (eg ± 20 nm), fiber
attenuation may vary with different light sources.
Wavelength uncertainty affects power meter calibration. This is
significant with a Ge detector in the 1550 nm band (eg > 1560 nm in
cold weather).
For general measuring from 660 to 1550 nm, the Ge meters offer
adequate accuracy.
For better accuracy or linearity, or wavelengths above 1550 nm, the
InGaAs meter is preferred.
For high power testing, the H series offer excellent accuracy, power
handling, wavelength and connector reflections insensitivity.
Light source power may drift. When you have finished a test, go back
to the start position to check if the light source power is still within
KI 3000 UM-6
19
ACCURACY CONSIDERATIONS
1.200
Uncertainty due to +/- 30
Window Si
Ge
Ge
nm
25ºC
0ºC
850
0.10 0.40
0.4
1300
0.06
0.06
1550
0.5
1.0
1610
2.8
3.3
nm λ tolerance
InGaAs InGaAs
"A"
"B"
1.3
0.51 dB
0.01
0.08
0.05
0.0
0.03
0.23
Normalized Power Meter Wavelength Dependence
Relative Responsivity A/W
1.000
0.800
H5
0.600
Ge 0 ºC
H3B
Si
Ge 25 ºC
0.400
InGaAs B series
InGaAs A Series
0.200
0.000
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
1600
1700
Wavelength nm
KI 3000 UM-6
20
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Power Meter
Power Range: the range of input powers for which the instrument
can be used.
Maximum Input Power: the input power not to be exceeded to avoid
destroying the instrument.
Uncertainty at Reference Conditions: the uncertainty for the
specified set of reference conditions, which includes all uncertainties
in the calibration chain, from the national laboratory to the test meter
(connectors and test leads must be absolutely clean and
undamaged). Reference conditions are the conditions during the
responsivity calibration.
Total Uncertainty: the uncertainty for a specified set of operating
conditions which includes noise and drift (connectors and test leads
must be absolutely clean and undamaged).
power during this time. Measured with an averaging optical power
meter, a 9/125 or 62.5 µm fiber, at constant temperature, and within
a specified temperature window.
Centre wavelength: the wavelength representing the centre of mass
of the selected peaks:
λ cw = (1/Pº)Σ
Σ(Pi λi)
where Pi and λi are the power and wavelength of each spectral
component and Po is the total power.
Spectral Bandwidth: FWHM (full width at half the maximum),
describes the spectral width of the half-power points of the laser,
assuming a Gaussian envelope of the spectral power distribution.
The half-power points are those where the power-spectral density is
one half of the peak amplitude of the Gaussian curve:
Autotest Sensitivity: the power level below which Autotest does not
work.
Light Source
Output Power: the CW output power at the specified wavelength at
the end of a reference cable.
Power Uncertainty / Repeatability: the uncertainty in power level at
the end of a reference cable.
and
where: λcenter = center wavelength of laser diode (in vacuum)
Ptotal = Σ Pi = total power, in watts
th
Pi = power of i longitudinal mode
λi = wavelength of i th longitudinal mode (in vacuum)
M = multiplication factor; for a source with a Gaussian envelope M = 2.35;
for other types of spectra, use M = 2.35 as well.
Short / Long Term (Power) Stability: in CW mode, the uncertainty
of the power level observed over a given time, compared to the mean
KI 3000 UM-6
21
SPECIFICATIONS
General Specifications:
Size:
165 x 120 x 40 mm, 6.5" x 4.7" x 1.6".
Display:
4 digit high contrast LCD
Weight:
350 gm, 0.8 lb. (KI3600XL 400 gm,
0.9 lb). Shipping 0.7 Kg, 1.5 lb.
Resolution:
Log: 0.01dB
Linear: 3 digits (100-999) or 0.01 nW
Operating/ Storage:
-15 to 55 °C / -25 to 70 °C.
Power:
2 alkaline ‘C’ cells 7.6 A/hr, (or 2 ‘AA’
cells
using
optional
adaptor).
Selectable auto-off and low battery
indicator.
Case:
Polycarbonate, 1 meter drop tested.
Calibration:
Performed without opening instrument.
Recommended calibration cycle: 3 years.
KI 3000 UM-6
Power Meter:
Tone detection:
150 ~ 9999 Hz ±1%.
22
SPECIFICATIONS
KI 3800 Series Optical Light Source
Output Power, dBm/ Fiber type, mm
1310/1550
Laser
Other
Laser
850 nm VCSEL
850/1300LED
660 nm LED
Comment
0 @ 9/125
-4 @
9/125
-2 @ 50/125
-23 @ 62.5/125•m
-35 @ 9.5/125•m
-6 @ 1000
POF
± 1 dB for all, except LED
± 3 dB for 850/1300 nm LED
Short term, Stability, dB
0.04
0.06
0.12
0.01 dB
0.01
For 15min typical, ± • 2 °C,
after warm-up
Stability over temp, dB
0.6
0.6
0.8
0.35
0.35
Typical, over temperature
λ initial tolerance, nm
20
20
20
NA
5
at 25 °C
λ width, nm
3
<1
<1
10
FHWM, typical
0.4
0.1
0.1
NA
typical
λ nm/°C
Coupled Power Ratio (CPR)
Reconnection repeatability, dB
Modulation
Laser output
1
1
1
0.4
2
NA
Mode controlled
0.1
NA
0.05
95% confidence
270 Hz, 1 KHz, 2 KHz, ± 2 %
Adjustable over 3 dB in 0.05 dB steps
Note 1: ORL< - 25dB
Note 2:Multimode source mode distribution @ 50/125is compliant with the following standards: IEC 61280-4-1, TIA/EIA 526-14A and TIA TSB-178.
KI 3000 UM-6
23
SPECIFICATIONS
KI 3600 Series Optical Power Meter
Detector
type
Response
λ
nm
Damage
level
dBm
Calibration λ
nm
Power
range
dBm
Autotest
sensitivity
dBm
Mid range
linearity¹
dB
Calibration
2
Accuracy
%
Polarisation
Sensitivity
dB
Total
Uncertainty³
dB
λ Sensitivity5
± 30 nm
dB
Si
350 ~ 1100
+15
635, 650, 660, 780, 850, 980
+0 ~ -70
-47
0.02
2%
< 0.005
0.3
0.03
Ge
600 ~ 1600
+15
660, 850
1300, 1310, 1390, 1490,
1550, 1590, 1610, 1625
+10 ~ -65
+10 ~ -70
-45
-50
0.04
2%
< 0.005
0.5
0.04
InGaAs
800 ~ 1700
+15
660, 850
1300, 1310, 1390, 1490,
1550, 1610, 1625
+5 ~ -60
+5 ~ -70
-40
-50
0.02
2%
< 0.005
0.3
0. 03
H3B
(InGaAs)
800 ~ 1700
+30
850
1300, 1310, 1390,
1490, 1550,1590, 1610, 1625
+27 ~ -50
-30
0.02
2%
< 0.005
0.3
0. 03
H5
(InGaAs)
800 ~ 1700
+25
850
1300, 1310, 1390,
1490, 1550,1590, 1610, 1625
+15 ~ -50
+15 ~ -60
-30
-40
0.02
2%
< 0.005
0.3
0. 03
typical
typical
typical
max
typical
4
Note 1: Mid range linearity excludes top 3 dB and bottom 10 dB of range.
Note 2: Calibration condition: non coherent light, -35 ± 5 dBm, 23 ± 1° C, ± 1 nm, 10 ± 3 nm FWHM, PC ceramic connector, 100 µ m fiber
Note 3: Includes contributions due to: varying optical connector types, calibration uncertainty, full temperature, dynamic range and fiber core diameter up to 200 µm.
Note 4: H3B can sustain the damage level for 2 minutes.
Note 5: At calibration wavelengths in bold type
KI 3000 UM-6
24
SPECIFICATIONS
KI 3600XL Series Optical Power Meter
Calibration λ
nm
Power
range
dBm
Autotest
sensitivity
dBm
Mid range
linearity¹
dB
Calibration
Accuracy
%
Polarisation
Sensitivity
dB
Total
Uncertainty³
dB
λ
Sensitivity²
± 30 nm
635, 650, 660, 780, 850, 980
+5 ~ -60
47
0.02
2%
< 0.005
0.3
0.03
+15
780, 850
1300, 1310, 1390, 1490,
1550, 1590, 1610
+10 ~ -55
+10 ~ -60
45
-50
0.04
2%
< 0.005
0.5
0.04
800 ~ 1700
+15
850
1300, 1310, 1390,
1490, 1550, 1610,1625
+10 ~ -65
+10 ~ -70
45
-50
0.02
2%
< 0.005
0.3
0.03
2 mm H2
(Ge)
600 ~ 1600
+33
850
1300, 1310,
1390,1490,1550,1590,1610
+30 ~ -40
+30 ~ -50
-20
-30
0.04
2%
< 0.005
0.5
0.04
2 mm H3
(InGaAs)
800 ~ 1700
+33
850
1300, 1310,1390,1490, 1550,
1610,1625
+30 ~ -40
+30 ~ -50
-20
-30
0.02
2%
< 0.005
0.3
0.03
typical
typical
typical
max
typical
Detector
type
Response
λ
nm
Damage
level
dBm
2.5 mm Si
350 ~ 1100
+10
2 mm Ge
600 ~ 1600
2 mm
InGaAs
4
4
Note 1: Mid range linearity excludes top 3 dB and bottom 10 dB of range.
Note 2: At calibration wavelengths in bold type
Note 3: Includes contributions due to: varying optical connector types, calibration uncertainty, full temperature, dynamic range and fiber type up to 200 µm core diameter.
Note 4: H2 and H3 can sustain the damage level for 2 minutes.
KI 3000 UM-6
25
SPECIFICATIONS
Port connection capability
KI 3600WS Wavelength Selective Power Meter
General Specifications
APC
PC and APC
Size:
165 x 120 x 40 mm, 6.5" x 4.7" x 1.6".
Weight:
350 gm, 0.8 lb. Shipping 0.7 Kg, 1.5 lb.
Operating/ Storage:
-15 to 55 °C / -25 to 70 °C.
Calibrated wavelengths
Power:
2 ‘C’ cells or 2 ‘AA’ cells with optional adaptor.
Pass band, nm
Operating time:
1200 hours
Isolation of 1550 nm band
> 25 dB
Case:
Polycarbonate, 1 meter drop tested.
Isolation of 1310 nm band
> 30 dB
Warranty
3 years
Max permitted input level
+ 18 dBm
Calibration interval
3 years
Measurement range
Measurement accuracy
KI 3600WS21-Ge
Measurement of 1490 nm (downstream)
KI 3600WS21-Ge
KI 3600WS01-Ge
1490 nm, 1550 nm
1550 nm
1480 to 1500
+13 to -67 dBm
Measurement of 1550 nm (downstream)
KI 3600WS01-Ge
KI 3600WS21-Ge
KI 3600WS01-Ge
1490 nm, 1550 nm
1550 nm
Mid range linearity
0.04 dB
Calibrated wavelengths
Calibration accuracy
2%
1530 to 1625
1530 to 1625
Polarization sensitivity
<0.005 dB
Pass band, nm
Isolation of 1490 nm band
> 25 dB
> 25 dB
Total uncertainty
0.6 dB
0.5 dB
Isolation of 1310 nm band
> 30 dB
> 30 dB
+ 18 dBm
+ 15 dBm
+ 13 to - 67 dBm
+ 10 to - 70 dBm
Reconnection repeatability
0.1 dB
0.0 dB
Max permitted input level
ORL
> 55 dB
> 55 dB
Measurement range
KI 3000 UM-6
26
ORDERING INFORMATION
KI 3600 Series - Optical Power Meter:
KI 3800 Series - Optical Light Source:
Si Power Meter
KI 3600B - Si - MP
Ge Power Meter
KI 3600B - Ge - MP
InGaAs Power Meter
KI 3600B - InGaAs - MP
H3B (InGaAs) Power Meter
KI 3600B - H3B - MP
H5 (InGaAs) Power Meter
KI 3600B - H5 - MP
KI 3600XL Series – Optical Power Meter:
660 nm LED, 1mm POF, fixed SMA
KI 3809 - MP
850 nm LED, PC
KI 3810B - MP
850 / 1300 nm LED, PC
KI 3812B - MP
1310 nm Laser, PC
KI 3820B - MP
1310 / 1550 nm Laser, PC
1310 / 1550 nm Laser, APC
KI 3822B - MP
KI 3822B - APC - MP
1490 / 1550 nm Laser, PC
1490 / 1550 nm Laser, APC
KI 3818B - MP
KI 3818B - APC – MP
1650 nm Laser, PC
1650 nm Laser, APC
KI 3806B - MP
KI 3806B - APC – MP
850 nm VCSEL
KI 3840B - MP
Large area Si Power Meter
Large area Ge Power Meter
Large area InGaAs Power Meter
Large area H2 (Ge) Power Meter
Large area H3 (InGaAs) Power Meter
KI 3600XL - Si - MP
KI 3600XL - Ge - MP
KI 3600XL - InGaAs - MP
KI 3600XL - H2 - MP
KI 3600XL - H3 - MP
KI 3600WS Wavelength Selective Power Meter:
Ge Power Meter,1550 nm
KI3600WS01-Ge
Ge Power Meter,1490/1550 nm
KI3600WS21-Ge
KI 3000 UM-6
27
ORDERING INFORMATION
Standard Accessories:
ST, SC, FC connector adaptors, manual, wrist strap.
NATA traceable calibration certificate (power meter).
50 µm / 62.5 µm mandrel wrap for multimode LED Light Source
Optical Connectors:
These instruments have interchangeable optical connectors. The
power meter works with both PC and APC connectors. The light
source ferrule type is fixed and customer - specified as either PC or
APC. Green is associated with APC connectors. Order any number
of additional adaptors.
Optional Interchangeable Connector Adaptors:
Description
P/N
Description
P/N
Optional Accessories:
Description
P/N
Accessory Pack, containing Soft Pouch, Leather Holster,1.25 & 2.5
mm cleaning stick, Connector cleaning cloth, ‘AA’-to-‘C’ Battery
Converter
OPT146
Carry case, 2 instruments
OPT153
Connector adaptors for KI3600XL Optical Power Meter:
Description
P/N
Description
P/N
SC
OPT201
Diamond 3.5mm Threaded
OPT208
ST
OPT202
E2000/LSH
OPT220
SMA 905/906
OPT203
EC
OPT221
OPT204
MU
OPT222
D4
OPT055
LC
OPT072
FC
E2000/LSH, blue
OPT060
MU
OPT080
Biconic
OPT205
MTRJ¹
OPT223
D4
OPT206
Universal 1.25mm
OPT224
LSA/DIN
OPT207
Universal 2.5mm
OPT225
E2000/LSH, green
OPT060G
Universal 2.5mm
OPT081
LSA/DIN 47256 blue
OPT071
SMA 905/906
OPT082
Note 1. Optimised for KI 3600XL-Si meter. Please enquire for other connector styles
for KI3600XL.
To order a KI 3600XL series instrument, please specify part number
and at least one interchangeable adaptor + accessories. The adaptor
price is not included.
KI 3000 UM-6
28
CALIBRATION AND MAINTENANCE
There are no internal user adjustments. Calibration is performed
without opening the instrument.
Before commencing calibration:
•
Clean all optical connectors very carefully.
All Calibrations
•
Ensure that all devices have been at a stable room
temperature for over an hour, and that the light source is
fully warmed up at the wavelength to be calibrated.
•
Ensure that all installed batteries are in good working
condition.
•
When calibration is complete, remove the calibration shunt,
and place an anti-tamper label over the hole in the battery
compartment.
•
Do not forget to update your calibration records and to
schedule the next calibration service.
To enable calibration mode, open the battery compartment, remove
the anti-tamper label, and insert a 2.54 mm (0.1”) pitch programming
shunt across pins 5 and 6 (second vertical pair from spring side).
Manipulation of the shunt is easier with needle nose pliers. The
instrument will display ‘CAL’ & installed options.
View Inside Battery Compartment
Known calibration constants can be re-entered directly without using
other equipment. This is useful in case old calibration constants are
to be put back.
KI 3000 UM-6
29
CALIBRATION AND MAINTENANCE
Power Meter Calibration
Calibration is a transfer process. It is performed by setting up a single
mode laser source at a stable, but non-critical power level between 0
and -30 dBm, and adjusting the meter reading to the same value as
that shown by a reference meter.
Required are laser light sources with accurate, calibrated
wavelengths and good power stability, a power meter with
appropriate calibrated wavelengths, single mode test leads, an antitamper label, and a 2.54 mm (0.1”) programming jumper. Check the
calibration certificates on your reference equipment to ensure current
validity.
Record the existing calibration offsets, re-enter or adjust known
offsets at this point or calibrate the meter at the selected wavelength
as follows:
•
Inserting the jumper and re-inserting the batteries will put
the instrument into calibration mode and will show ‘CAL’ on
the display.
•
Press [λ] or [λ] to set the wavelength to be calibrated.
•
Measure and record the light source power using the
reference meter.
KI 3000 UM-6
•
Transfer the same power level to the meter to be calibrated
as follows:
•
Press [MAX MIN] to display power reading. Press [MAX
MIN] again to display current offsets. Record the current
(old) value. Press [MAX MIN] again, then [λ] or [λ] to
adjust the reading to match the noted reference reading.
Press [MAX MIN] again to display current offsets. Record
the current (new) value.
•
Note: Toggling the [MAX MIN] button will show the power
reading and the offsets on the display.
•
Set the new value press and hold [dB mW] until the
instrument beeps (3 beeps). The display will show ‘CAL’
and the calibrated wavelength.
•
Note: If [dB mW] is pressed and released too soon, this will
cause a Cancel function and the settings will not be
modified.
•
Repeat above process for other wavelengths.
30
CALIBRATION AND MAINTENANCE
Light Source Calibration and Current Check
•
The emitter power level can be re-calibrated, and the current
checked.
CAUTION! Use of controls or adjustments or performance of
procedures other than those specified herein may result in hazardous
radiation exposure.
Record the existing calibration offsets, re-enter or adjust known
offsets at this point, or calibrate the source at the selected
wavelengths as follows:
•
Inserting the jumper and re-inserting the batteries will put
the instrument into calibration mode and will show ‘CAL’ on
the display.
•
Press [λ] to set the wavelength to be calibrated.
•
Measure and record the light source power using the
reference meter.
•
To set the new light source power level, first press [λ] to
set the required wavelength to be adjusted.
KI 3000 UM-6
•
•
•
Press [MOD KHz] to display power reading. Press [MOD
KHz] again to display current offsets. Record the current
(old) value. Press [MOD KHz] again, then [PERM ON] to
increase or [AUTO TEST] to reduce the reading to match
the noted reference reading. Press [MOD KHz] again to
display current offsets. Record the current (new) value.
Note: output power level can be adjusted to suit customer
requirements (range dependant upon unit options).
To set new value, press [MOD KHz].The display will show
‘CAL’ and the λ just calibrated.
To exit, press [SOURCE λ].
Note: new values will not be stored.
Repeat above process for any additional wavelengths if
required.
31
CALIBRATION AND MAINTENANCE
Opening the Instrument:
Procedure:
CAUTION!
•
Remove the batteries, and leave the battery cover open.
Pull open the optical connector cover.
•
Place the instrument face down on a soft mat, and undo
the 4 screws in the rear housing.
This unit contains static sensitive devices. Anti-static
handling procedures should be observed at all times when
handling internal circuits.
•
The instrument can now be gently pulled apart.
•
Further disassembly from this stage should be easily
apparent to a technician.
There are no internal user adjustments. All calibration is
performed without opening the instrument. The optical
sensor / connector assembly is not user serviceable.
• Re-assembly is the reverse of the previous procedure.
•
•
•
Do not open unless the warranty has expired, and you are
authorised to do so. Opening the unit will invalidate any
warranty claim.
General electrical parameters are as follows:
Vss to GND = 3V3, -Vss = -3V3, battery power down current about
0.2 mA, active power meter current about 25 mA.
KI 3000 UM-6
32
PERFORMANCE VERIFICATION TESTS
All tests can be performed without access to the interior of the
instrument.
The test procedures described in this section are for performance
verification of a KI3600B-InGaAs Power Meter and KI3822B Light
Source.
Due to the large number of possible instrument configurations, it is
not possible to give detailed test procedures for all options in this
manual, so some parameters may need adjusting to the appropriate
specifications.
Required Equipment: This is the required equipment for the
performance tests listed. Any equipment that satisfies the critical
specifications of the equipment given in the table may be substituted
for the recommended models.
Any changes in the specifications due to manufacturing changes,
design, or traceability to NATA, will be covered in a manual change
supplement, or revised manual. Such specifications supersede any
that were previously published.
General Instructions
Perform each step in the order given, using the corresponding test
equipment. Use Tables 1 ~ 3 to record general test details.
The SMF / MMF test lead fiber type and PC / APC connector polish
must be matched to the instrument type.
Ensure that all optical connections are dry and clean. DO NOT USE
INDEX MATCHING OIL. For cleaning, use the cleaning instructions
given in the section ‘Optical Connector’.
Test Record: Results of the performance test may be tabulated on a
photocopy of the Test Record provided at the end of the test
procedure. It is recommended that you fill out the Test Record and
refer to it while doing the test. Alternatively, a soft copy of this manual
may be obtained from our web site.
Make sure that all patch cords are fixed to the table to avoid
movements during measurements.
Temperature:
21 ± 3 ºC
Test Failure: If the equipment under test fails any performance test,
return the instrument to the nearest Sales/Service Office for repair.
Relative humidity:
45 to 75 %
Instrument Specification: Specifications are the performance
characteristics of the instrument that are certified, and are the limits
against which the equipment under test can be tested.
KI 3000 UM-6
Ensure that the ambient conditions are in the following ranges:
To switch on Power Meter for permanent operation, press and hold
[2nd], then press and release [POWER] during turn-on.
To switch on Light Source for permanent operation, press and hold
[PERM ON], then press and release [POWER] during turn-on.
33
PERFORMANCE VERIFICATION TESTS
Required
Characteristics
Alternative
Model
Instrument / Accessory
Recommended Model
Optical Light Source
KI 3800 Series
KI 7400, KI 7800, KI 7300A
Optical Power Meter
KI 3600 Series
KI 7600A, KI 7700, KI 6000
Optical Attenuator
KI 7011B
KI 7010A
71450B
71452B, (8164xA,B)
Connector Adaptors
Singlemode Fiber
For optional test only
Optical Spectrum Analyzer
Connector Adaptors
Singlemode Fiber
Table 1. Required Equipment for KI 3600 and KI 3800 Series Performance Verification Tests.
KI 3000 UM-6
34
PERFORMANCE VERIFICATION TESTS
If the laser source is not powerful enough to give -10.00 dBm, set the
attenuator to 2.5 dB and correct the appropriate values in the test
report.
Optical Power Meter
Accuracy Test
1. Connect the equipment as shown in Figure 1:
Repeat the above for reference power meter readings of
-20dBm, -30 dBm, -40 dBm and -50 dBm ( settings 2 ~ 5 ).
5. Measure the DUT:
• Re-connect the attenuator output cable to the DUT.
• Select 1310 nm on power meter.
• Set the attenuator to its value for setting 1.
• Note the displayed power level of the DUT in the test record.
Power Meter
Attenuator
Light Source
• Repeat the above for attenuator settings 2 ~ 5.
6. Repeat the Power Meter Accuracy Test at 1550 nm.
Figure 1.Test set-up for KI 3600 Power Meter Accuracy Test
2. Switch on all three instruments.
3. Set all instruments to 1310 nm.
4. Change the attenuation of the attenuator until the optical power
meter displays -10.00 dBm. Note the attenuator setting in setting
1 of Table 4.
KI 3000 UM-6
35
PERFORMANCE VERIFICATION TESTS
Model:
Date:
Serial No.:
Ambient Temperature:
°C
Options:
Relative Humidity:
%
Firmware Revision:
Line Frequency:
Hz
Test Facility:
Customer:
Performed by:
Report No:
Special Notes:
Table 2. General Test Record for KI 3600 and KI 3800 Series
KI 3000 UM-6
36
PERFORMANCE VERIFICATION TESTS
Description
1.
Optical Light Source
2.
Optical Power Meter
3.
Optical Attenuator
Model
Trace No.
Calibration Due Date
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Accessories:
Singlemode Fiber
Connector Interfaces
Table 3. Equipment Record for KI 3600 and KI 3800 Series Performance Verification Tests.
KI 3000 UM-6
37
PERFORMANCE VERIFICATION TESTS
Model: ________________________
Report No: ______________ Date: ________________
Accuracy Test
Test Wavelength =
Setting
Number
Power meter
Reference value
1.
(~- 10.00 dBm)
dB
(~- 10.30 dBm)
dBm
(~- 9.70 dBm)
2.
(~- 20.00 dBm)
dB
(~- 20.30 dBm)
dBm
(~- 19.70 dBm)
3.
(~- 30.00 dBm)
dB
(~- 30.30 dBm)
dBm
(~- 29.70 dBm)
4.
(~- 40.00 dBm)
dB
(~- 40.30 dBm)
dBm
(~- 39.70 dBm)
5.
(~- 50.00 dBm)
dB
(~- 50.30 dBm)
dBm
(~- 49.70 dBm)
Minimum Specification
Attenuator
Setting
(-0.3 dB of Reference)
Measurement Uncertainty
DUT
Measurement results
Maximum Specification
(+0.3 dB of Reference.)
dB
Note 1: Minimum/Maximum Specification is for the KI 3600-InGaAs. For the KI 3600-Ge, increase/reduce by ±0.2 dB. For the KI 3600-H3B, increase/reduce by ± 0.1 dB.
Note 2: For the KI 3600-Si, measurements to be taken only at 850 nm.
Table 4. Accuracy Test Record for KI 3600 Series Optical Power Meter
KI 3000 UM-6
38
PERFORMANCE VERIFICATION TESTS
Optical Light Source
Output Power (CW) Test
1. Connect the equipment as shown in Figure 2.
2. Switch on the instruments.
3. Set the Optical Power Meter to 1310 nm
4. On Light Source, enable the source and set the wavelength to 1310 nm.
5. Note the measured power level value in the test report in Table 5.
6. Repeat the above on 1550 nm.
Power Meter
Light Source
Figure 2. Test set-up for KI 3800 Light Source Output Power (CW) Test
KI 3000 UM-6
39
PERFORMANCE VERIFICATION TESTS
6. Calculate max-min values for stability (< 0.1dB).
Optical Light Source
Short Term Stability Test (optional)
7. Record test results in Table 5.
1. Connect the equipment as shown in Figure 3.
Time
00 sec
Measured power,
dBm
Drift, dB
Tick max/min
values
0.00
30 sec
60 sec
90 sec
Power Meter
Light Source
120 sec
Figure 3. Test set-up for KI 3800 Light Source Short Term Stability Test
2. Set the optical power meter to 1310 nm.
3. On Light Source, enable the source and set the wavelength to
1310 nm.
4. Let the unit warm-up for 15 minutes then note the power.
150 sec
180 sec
Alternatively, the instrument max/min recording function can be used
to record the data.
5. Record the power every 30 seconds for 3 minutes.
KI 3000 UM-6
40
PERFORMANCE VERIFICATION TESTS
Optical Light Source
Centre wavelength and Spectral Bandwidth (FWHM) Test (optional)
1. Connect the equipment as shown in Figure 4.
5. Press [Auto/Meas] and wait until 'End of Automeasure' is
displayed
6. Choose [User] and select the type of source to be measured (FP
for Fabry Perot laser).
7. To show the display in linear mode:
•
•
•
Press [Menu].
Press [Amptd] on the left side of the display.
Press [Linear] on the right side of the display.
8. To ensure interference - free reading of the display it is advisable
to stop the repeating calculations.
•
•
Press [User].
Press [Single Sweep].
If the trace on the display is not clear, you can change resolution
by using the span key.
Figure 4. Test set-up for the centre wavelength and spectral bandwidth
2. Switch on the instruments and allow to fully warm up.
3. On Light Source, enable the source and set the wavelength to
1310 nm.
9. From the displayed measurements check and note the values for
"mean wavelength" (Centre wavelength) and "FWHM" (Spectral
Bandwidth) in the test report, Table 6.
10. Repeat the test with the DUT wavelength set to 1550 nm.
4. On the OSA, press the [Instr Preset] key
KI 3000 UM-6
41
PERFORMANCE VERIFICATION TESTS
Report No.
Model:
Date:
Output Power (CW) Test
DUT
Measurement Results
Wavelength
Minimum Specification
1310 nm
-1.00 dBm
dBm
1550 nm
-1.00 dBm
dBm
Measurement Uncertainty
Maximum Specification
dB
Short-Term Stability Test (optional)
1310 nm
dBpp
(0.10 dBpp) 0.04 dBpp typical
1550 nm
dBpp
(0.10 dBpp) 0.04 dBpp typical
Measurement Uncertainty
dB
Table 5. Output Power Test and Short Term Stability Test Record for KI 3800 Series Light Source
KI 3000 UM-6
42
PERFORMANCE VERIFICATION TESTS
Model:
Report No:
Date:
Central Wavelength & Spectral Bandwidth (FWHM) Test (optional)
DUT
Measurement Results
Wavelength
Minimum Spec.
Maximum Spec.
1310 nm
1290 nm
nm
1330 nm
1550 nm
1530 nm
nm
1570 nm
1310 nm
nm
(6nm) 3 nm typical
1550 nm
nm
(6nm) 3 nm typical
Centre wavelength
Spectral Bandwidth (FWHM)
Measurement Uncertainty
dB
Table 6. Central wavelength and Test Record for KI 3800 Series Light Source
KI 3000 UM-6
43
QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE – KI 3600 Series Optical Power Meter
• To remove the connector adaptor, press the button
on the rear of the instrument and pull off adaptor. This
may be easier with a patch lead in place.
• To turn on the instrument, press [POWER].
• To defeat auto power-off, hold down [2nd] while
pressing [POWER]. ‘Perm’ is displayed on the top
right of the LCD.
• Low battery is indicated with a battery symbol.
• To scroll wavelength, press [λ] or [λ ].
• To switch between absolute or relative display
modes, press [Abs/Rel].
• To display the max / min recorded power, hold down
[2nd] while pressing [Max Min]. To reset this function,
press and hold down [2nd] and [Max Min] for 3
seconds.
• If a test tone is detected, the detected tone frequency
is displayed in Hz.
AUTOTEST OPERATION
• To start Autotest, press [Autotest] on light source and
wait a few seconds. No user action is required from
the meter side.
• To stop / start display update, press [HOLD].
• To display just one wavelength at the time on the
power meter, press [λ] or [λ]. Press [λ] twice
to return to Autotest.
• To set reference, hold down [2nd] while pressing
[SET REF].
• Autotest remains for more than 8 seconds after signal
loss, to allow quick connection change.
• To toggle log/linear display mode, hold down [2nd]
while pressing [dB mW].
• To exit Autotest, remove test lead or turn off light
source for more than 8 seconds.
KI 3000 UM-6
44
KI 3600 Series Optical Power Meter
KI 3000 UM-6
45
QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE – KI 3800 Series Optical Light Source
• To remove the connector adaptor, press the button
on the rear of the instrument and pull off adaptor. This
may be easier with a patch lead in place.
• To turn on the instrument, press [POWER].
• To turn on the source, press [SOURCE λ].
• To defeat auto power-off, hold down [PERM ON]
while pressing [POWER]. ‘Perm’ is displayed on the
top right of the LCD.
• Low battery is indicated with a battery symbol.
AUTOTEST OPERATION
• To exit Autotest, press [AUTO TEST] or [Menu].
MANUAL OPERATION
• To scroll wavelengths, press [SOURCE λ].
• To set modulation, press [MOD KHz].
• To adjust the laser power level, press and hold
[PERM ON] while pressing [MOD KHz] to increase or
[SOURCE λ] to decrease the output power.
This function does not operate when in Autotest and is
not available on the LED source option.
• For Autotest operation, an Autotest compatible power
meter or loss test set is required.
• To start Autotest, press [Autotest] on the light source
and wait a few seconds. No user action is required
from the meter side.
• Autotest remains for more than 8 seconds after signal
loss, to allow quick connection change.
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46
KI 3800 Series Optical Light Source
KI 3000 UM-6
47
DISCLAIMER AND WARRANTY
Information in this manual is given in good faith for the benefit of the
user. It cannot be used as the basis for claims against Kingfisher
International or its representatives, if accidental damage or
inconvenience results from use or attempted repair of the equipment.
Kingfisher International products are guaranteed against defective
components and workmanship for a period of 3 years from the date
of delivery, unless specifically stated in the original purchase contract
or agreement. This warranty excludes optical connectors or incorrect
use. Opening the instrument will invalidate the warranty. Liability is
limited solely to repair of the equipment.
KI 3000 UM-6
Technical data is subject to change without notice as part of our
program of continuous improvement. Therefore please verify critical
parameters before ordering. Australian and international patents
granted.
48
NOTES
KI 3000 UM-6
49
NOTES
KI 3000 UM-6
50
NOTES
KI 3000 UM-6
51
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