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Ship Dismantling Training I
Personal Protective and
Safety Equipment
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© Ship DIGEST 2013
Contents
SHIP DISMANTLING TRAINING I
1
UNIT TITLE: Personal Protective and Safety Equipment
3
UNIT SUMMARY:
3
ENTRY REQUIREMENTS:
3
1
Describe why it is important and a legal requirement to wear the correct Personal
Protective Equipment (PPE)
4
1.1
Legal Requirements of the worker with regards to PPE and safety equipment
4
1.1.1
Practise Test
5
1.1.2
PowerPoint Notes
5
1.2
Legal requirements of the worker’s employer with regards to PPE and safety
equipment
15
1.2.1
16
PowerPoint Notes
1.3
Potential harm that can be caused through individuals not wearing/not correctly
wearing PPE and safety equipment
29
1.3.1
29
PowerPoint Notes
2
Identify and describe which Personal Protective and Safety Equipment are required
to be worn and utilised during Ship Dismantling job tasks.
50
2.1.1
PowerPoint Notes
50
3
Demonstrate and explain the importance of wearing and/or utilising Personal
Protective and Safety Equipment in the correct manner.
103
3.1.1
103
2
PowerPoint Notes
© Ship DIGEST 2013
SHIP DISMANTLING TRAINING I
UNIT TITLE: Personal Protective and Safety Equipment
UNIT SUMMARY: This unit is relevant to candidates who are employed in or involved in
the Ship Dismantling industry at a practical level. Candidates who achieve this unit should
have the ability to:



Describe why it is important and a legal requirement to wear the correct
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Identify which PPE to wear in everyday roles and in specialist situations
How to wear PPE correctly
ENTRY REQUIREMENTS: Candidates should be familiar with Ship Dismantling
practices.
CONTENTS:



3
Learning Outcome 1: Describe why it is important and a legal requirement to wear
the correct Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Learning Outcome 2: Identify and describe which Personal Protective and Safety
Equipment are required to be worn and utilised during Ship Dismantling job tasks.
Learning Outcome 3: Demonstrate and explain the importance of wearing and/or
utilising Personal Protective and Safety Equipment in the correct manner.
© Ship DIGEST 2013
1 Describe why it is important and a legal requirement to wear the
correct Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
1.1 Legal Requirements of the worker with regards to PPE and safety
equipment
Property, supply, usage and principles and procedures with regards to other issues of PPE
is determined by “Directive of Using Personal Protective Equipment at Work” which is
published and inured on dated 11.02.2004 when in cases preventing the risk at work or
decreasing risks to acceptable level are not ensured with collective protection based on
technical measures or work organization or working methods.
According to Directive personal protective equipment is defined as all equipment, means
and device which are designed for protect worker against one or more potentially
simultaneous risks which due to work undertaken at the workplace and affect health and
safety, worn or held by worker.
Also within the scope of this definition following the below is counted as PPE;
a) A unit constituted by several devices or appliances, which have been integrally
combined by the manufacturer for the protection of the individual against at the same time
one or more potentially simultaneous risks.
b) A protective device or appliance combined, separable or inseparable, with
personal non-protective equipment worn or held by an individual for the execution of a
specific activity,
c) Also iinterchangeable PPE components which are essential to its satisfactory
functioning and used exclusively for such equipment.
For PPE can be used by worker one of the important point is of course the worker’s
obligations in this regard. So, as required by article 19 of law no 6331 Occupational Health
and Safety Law, in accordance with his training and the instructions given by the employer
workers are obliged to:
a) make correct use machinery, apparatus, tools, dangerous substances, transport
equipment and other means of production, use such safety devices correctly, refrain from
changing or removing arbitrarily safety devices fitted,
b) make correct use of the personal protective equipment supplied to them and protect the
PPE.
Also according to article 8 of “Directive of Using Personal Protective Equipment at Work”
workers are obliged to inform the employer about any fault or shortcomings in PPE.
If worker fails to fulfil its legal obligation regarding using PPE, worker may be fined in
accordance with article 38 of law no 4857 Labour Law with topic of deductions of fines from
wages. But no employer may impose a fine on an worker’s wage for reasons other than
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those indicated in the employment contract/collective agreement. To give worker a fine, with
employment contract/collective agreement or internal directive, determining such behavior
objectively, it is necessary to know that which behaviour as a result of the how many will be
the amount of the fine.
Deductions which must not exceed two days’ wages in any one month, or in the case of
piece work or amount of work to be done, the wages earned by the worker in two days are
ensure with law no 4857 Labour Law. No doubt, the amount of the fine to be may exceed
two days’ wages of worker, but the amount of the deduction will be done in one mount, may
not exceed two days’ wages of worker. Deductions will be done as a penalty from worker's
wages immediately must be reported to worker on grounds.
1.1.1
Practise Test
1) Which of the following legal obligations related to using the PPE by worker is not?
a) Use machinery, apparatus, tools, dangerous substances, transport
equipment and other means of production according to the rules at work
b) Make correct use and maintain PPE is provided to them
c) Determine the suitable PPE when needs to be used
d) Inform the employer about any fault or shortcomings in PPE
1.1.2
5
PowerPoint Notes
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Ship Dismantling Insight by Generating Environmental and Safety Training
Personal Protective and Safety
Equipment
Legal requirements of the worker
with regards to PPE and safety
equipment
6
© Ship DIGEST 2013
What is PPE?
PPE-Personal Protective Equipment
is defined as all equipment, means and device which are designed for
protect employees against one or more potentially simultaneous risks
which due to work undertaken at the workplace and affect health and
safety, worn or held by employees.
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The use of personel protective equipment
and safety equipment
WHAT THE LAW SAYS?
According to the article 19 of law no 6331 Occupational Health and Safety
Law, in accordance with his training and the instructions given by the
employer, workers are obliged to;
a) make correct use
machinery, apparatus, tools, dangerous
substances, transport equipment and other means of production, use
such safety devices correctly,
refrain from changing or
removing arbitrarily safety devices fitted,
b) make correct
use of the personal protective equipment supplied to
them and protect the PPE.
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The use of personel protective equipments
and safety equipments
Also, according to the Article 8 of the Directive on the Use of Personel
Protective Equipment in Workplaces ;
-Employees are obligated to use of the personal protective equipment
supplied to them in accordance with their training and the instructions.
are going to inform the employer
fault or shortcomings in PPE.
-Employees
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about
any
If we do not use PPE?
•
Article 38 of law no 4857 Labor Law, with the title of fines from wages,
fine which will be given to employee for his crime is linked to specific
provisions.
•
Deductions which must not exceed two days’ wages in any one month,
or in the case of piece work or amount of work done, the wages earned
by the employee in two days are taken under the terms with law no
4857 Labor Law.
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If we do not use helmets?
If we do not use ear plug?
If we do not use googles?
If we do not?
(VIDEO)
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In which situations PPE is used?
•
PPE is used when the risks can not be prevented or exactly limited with
technical measures or work organization and working methods to ensure
public protection.*
•
PPE is used to prevent occupational accident and occupational disease,
avoid the health and safety risks, improve health and safety conditions.*
•
The employer give priority based on collective protection measures than
personal protection measures.*
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* Directive on the Use of Personel Protective Equipment in Workplaces
© Ship DIGEST 2013
GENERAL PROVİSİONS
 Personal protective equipment is given
free
by the employer,
maintenance, repair and periodic checks are
made in accordance with the instruction manual provided by the
manufacturer and needed parts are replaced and the PPE is protected
under hygenic conditions and kept ready for use.
 Employer informs employees about the use of personal
protective equipment against to which risks.
 The employer ensures the giving practical
personal protective equipment.
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training on the use of
Where?
Which PPE?
Employer determines occupational health and safety measures to
be taken as a result of risk assessment and the personal
protective equipment which should be used.
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1.2 Legal requirements of the worker’s employer with regards to PPE
and safety equipment
GENERAL PROVISIONS
 Related to the use of personal protective equipment in workplaces shall be complied
to the following subjects:
All PPE;
1) Suitable to prevent the associated risk without creating additional risk.
2) Suitable for the existing conditions at work.
3) Suitable for ergonomic requirements and health of worker.
4) Fits to worker perfectly when necessary adjustments are done.
5) Has CE mark and Turkish user manual in accordance with Directive of PPE.
 In cases where more than one source of risk and worker necessary use at the same
time more than one PPE against those risks, PPE that are compatible with
combination and their protection not be affected against that risks are selected.
 When determining the conditions of use of PPE and especially usage duration,
degree of risk, frequency of exposure, characteristics of workplace of worker and
performance of PPE are taken into account.
 When PPE which is suitable for using by a single person is used by several persons,
to against health and hygiene problems due to that using every precautions are
taken.
 At work, adequate information which are related to issues laid down in lines (a) and
(b) of the this Article stated for every PPE and this information can be reached easily.
 PPE are given free by the employer, maintenance, repair and periodic checks are
made in accordance with the instruction manual which is provided by the
manufacturer and parts are replaced in need and are protected in hygienic conditions
and are kept ready for use.
 The employer shall inform workers about using PPE against to which risks.
 The employer shall ensure that giving practical training in the use of PPE.
 PPE except in exceptional and specific circumstances are only used for the purposes
of.
 PPE are stocked adequate amount and in place where worker can reach easily.
 PPE are used in accordance with the instruction, maintenance and cleaning are
made. Instruction must be understood by workers.
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Informing of Workers
 In using PPE in accordance with articles 4 and 16 of Occupational Health and Safety
Law, the employer shall give information to workers and workers' representatives
about precautions to be taken in terms of health and safety.
Consultation with and Participation of Workers
 In accordance with articles 4 and 16 of law no 6331 Occupational Health and Safety
Law the employer consults with and participates of workers or workers’
representatives about matters referred to in this Directive and its annexes.
 The employer in advance shall ensure to take the consults of support staff and
workers' representatives about issues of determining PPE should be used.
1.2.1
16
PowerPoint Notes
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Ship Dismantling Insight by Generating Environmental and Safety Training
Legal requirements of the worker’s
employer with regards to PPE and
safety equipment
17
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İçerik
Kişisel koruyucu donanımlara ilişkin yasal
yükümlülükler




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Kişisel Koruyucu Donanımların Kullanımı
İşverenlerin Yükümlülükleri
Çalışanların Bilgilendirilmesi
Çalışanların görüşlerinin alınması ve katılımının sağlanması
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Bölüm 2
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Mevzuat
Kişisel Koruyucu Donanımların
İşyerlerinde Kullanılması
Hakkında Yönetmelik
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Resmi Gazete Sayısı: 25370
Resmi Gazete Tarihi: 11.02.2004
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Kişisel koruyucu donanımların kullanımı
 Kişisel koruyucu donanım, risklerin, toplu korumayı sağlayacak teknik
önlemlerle veya iş organizasyonu ve çalışma yöntemleriyle önlenemediği
veya tam olarak sınırlandırılamadığı durumlarda kullanılır. Kişisel koruyucu
donanım, iş kazası ya da meslek hastalığının önlenmesi, sağlık ve güvenlik
risklerinden korunma, sağlık ve güvenlik koşullarının iyileştirilmesi amacıyla
kullanılır. İşveren, toplu korunma tedbirlerine, kişisel korunma tedbirlerine
göre öncelik verir.
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Kişisel Koruyucu Donanımlar
(İşverenin Yükümlülükleri)
İşveren, yapılacak risk değerlendirmesi
sonucu alınacak iş sağlığı ve güvenliği tedbirleri ile
kullanılması gereken kişisel koruyucu donanımı
belirler.
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GENEL HÜKÜMLER
Tüm kişisel koruyucu donanımlar;
 Kendisi ek risk yaratmadan ilgili riski önlemeye uygundur.
 İşyerinde var olan koşullara uygundur.
 Kullanan çalışanın ergonomik gereksinimlerine ve sağlık durumuna
uygundur.
 Gerekli ayarlamalar yapıldığında kullanana tam uyar.
 KKD Yönetmeliğine uygun şekilde CE işareti ve Türkçe kullanım
kılavuzu bulunur.
 Birden fazla riskin bulunduğu ve çalışanın bu risklere karşı aynı anda
birden fazla kişisel koruyucu donanımı kullanmasının gerektiği durumlarda,
bir arada kullanılması uyumlu olan ve söz konusu risklere karşı
koruyuculuğu etkilenmeyen kişisel koruyucu donanımlar seçilir.
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GENEL HÜKÜMLER
 Kişisel koruyucu donanımların kullanım şartları ve özellikle
kullanılma süreleri belirlenirken riskin derecesi, maruziyet sıklığı,
her bir çalışanın iş yaptığı yerin özellikleri ve kişisel koruyucu
donanımın performansı dikkate alınarak belirlenir.
 Tek kişi tarafından kullanılması esas olan kişisel koruyucu
donanımların, zorunlu hallerde birkaç kişi tarafından kullanılması
durumunda, bu kullanımdan dolayı sağlık ve hijyen problemi
doğmaması için her türlü önlem alınır.
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GENEL HÜKÜMLER
 Kişisel koruyucu donanımlar, işveren tarafından ücretsiz verilir, imalatçı
tarafından sağlanacak kullanım kılavuzuna uygun olarak bakım, onarım
ve periyodik kontrolleri yapılır ve ihtiyaç duyulan parçaları değiştirilir ve
hijyenik şartlarda muhafaza edilir ve kullanıma hazır bulundurulur.
 İşveren, çalışanı kişisel koruyucu donanımları hangi risklere karşı
kullanacağı konusunda bilgilendirir.
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GENEL HÜKÜMLER
 İşveren, kişisel koruyucu donanımların kullanımı konusunda
uygulamalı olarak eğitim verilmesini sağlar.
 Kişisel koruyucu donanımlar, istisnai ve özel koşullar hariç,
sadece amacına uygun olarak kullanılır. Kişisel koruyucu
donanımlar çalışanların kolayca erişebilecekleri yerlerde ve
yeterli miktarlarda bulundurulur.
 Kişisel koruyucu donanımlar talimatlara uygun olarak kullanılır,
bakımı ve temizliği yapılır. Talimatlar çalışanlar tarafından
anlaşılır olmalıdır.
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Çalışanların bilgilendirilmesi
 İşveren kişisel koruyucu donanım kullanımında,
sağlık ve güvenlik yönünden alınması gerekli
önlemler hakkında çalışanlara ve
temsilcilerine bilgi ve eğitim verir.
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Çalışanların görüşlerinin alınması ve
katılımının sağlanması
 İşveren, çalışanların veya temsilcilerinin görüşlerini
alır ve katılımlarını sağlar.
 İşveren, destek elemanları ile çalışan temsilcilerinin,
kullanılması gereken kişisel koruyucu donanımların
belirlenmesi konularında önceden görüşlerinin
alınmasını sağlar.
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1.3 Potential harm that can be caused through individuals not
wearing/not correctly wearing PPE and safety equipment
1.3.1
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PowerPoint Notes
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Ship Dismantling Insight by Generating Environmental and Safety Training
Personal Protective and Safety
Equipment
30
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Training of Personal Protective and
Safety Equipment
• This training program will deliver an overview of
personal protective and safety equipments and the
situations when they are not worn correctly . After
completing this training, the student will;
– Explain the potential harm that can be caused through
individuals not wearing/not correctly wearing PPE and
safety equipment
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1.3. Explain the potential harm that can be caused
through individuals not wearing/not correctly
wearing PPE and safety equipment
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Personal Protective and Safety
Equipment
PPE is equipment that will protect the user
against health or safety risks at work. It can
include items such as safety helmets, gloves,
eye protection, high-visibility clothing, safety
footwear and safety harnesses. It also includes
respiratory protective equipment.
33
http://www.hse.gov.uk/toolbox/ppe.htm
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Personal Protective and Safety
Equipment
• The purpose of personal protective
equipment is to reduce employee exposure to
hazards when engineering and administrative
controls are not feasible or effective to reduce
these risks to acceptable levels.
• Any item of PPE imposes a barrier between
the wearer/user and the working
environment.
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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Personal_protective_equipment
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Personal Protective and Safety
Equipment
• Personal protective equipment can be categorized
by the area of the body protected, by the types of
hazard, and by the type of garment or accessory
• A single item, for example boots, may provide
multiple forms of protection: a steel toe cap and
steel insoles for protection of the feet from crushing
or puncture injuries, impervious rubber and lining for
protection from water and chemicals, high
reflectivity and heat resistance for protection from
radiant heat, and high electrical resistivity for
protection from electric shock.
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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Personal_protective_equipment
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Personal Protective and Safety
Equipment
• ALWAYS
– Ensure your PPEs are maintained in good
condition
– Check your PPEs for any damage
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PPE by type
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Head protection
Eye and face protection
Hand and arm protection
Protective clothing
High-visibility clothing
Foot protection
Drowning protection
Personal fall protection
Hearing protection
Respiratory protective equipment
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Head protection
• A single head injury can handicap an employee for life, or it
can be fatal!
• Falling, flying or thrown objects, are common causes of
head injuries, as well as falling or walking into hard, fixed
objects. These injuries include scrapes, lacerations, neck
sprains, concussions, skull fractures, and even fatalities.
• Accidents involving electricity result in electrical shocks and
burns.
• Potential splashes, spills and drips of toxic liquids such as
acids, caustics, and molten metals that can burn or irritate
skin, and scalp.
• There is also potential flammability and hair risk that fire
may spatter to workers head or workers’ hair may get
caught or drawn into machine parts.
38
http://www.tuffrhino.com/articles.asp?Id=128
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Eye and face protection
• Consequences of not wearing/ not correctly wearing could
result in minor injuries such as particles in the eye,
scratches or abrasion on the face and in some cases,
burns to the eye or face.
• More serious injuries could involve projectiles lodged in the
eye or face, severe burns to the eye or face from molten
matter or chemical/acid splash.
• It is not beyond the realm of believability that any contact
with the eye or face from an errant chip or particle could
cause the most serious of injuries — DEATH.
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http://www.ishn.com/articles/print/94820-how-to-handle-eye-face-protection-resistance
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Hand and arm protection
Aside from the head, hands and arms are the most exposed
part of the body and can fall victim to a laundry list of injuries,
such as:
• Traumatic injuries: Hands, fingers and arms can get caught, pinched,
crushed and amputated in chains, wheels, rollers, gears or other types
of machinery. They can be punctured, torn or cut by spiked or jagged
tools and edges that shear or chop.
• Contact injuries: Hands and arms are injured through contact with
solvents, acids, cleaning solutions, flammable liquids and other
substances that can cause burns or injure tissue.
• Repetitive motion or musculoskeletal injuries: Hands and arms
become injured when tasks require repeated, rapid hand movements
for long periods of time, resulting in strains and sprains of the upper
extremities.
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http://ehstoday.com/ppe/hand-protection/ehs_imp_79476
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Protective clothing
Examples of hazards which may require protective
clothing
• Heat,
• Chemical or metal splash,
• Spray from pressure leaks or spray guns,
• Contaminated dust,
• Electrical hazards,
• Impact or penetration, cuts and hazards working
with knives, machinery etc.
• Excessive wear or entanglement of own clothing
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http://www.hse.gov.uk/toolbox/ppe.htm
© Ship DIGEST 2013
High-visibility clothing
In rainy days,
At night times,
When there is low light or poor visibility
There is high possibility risk that vehicles
may crush workers which cause from
minor injuries to even DEATH
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© Ship DIGEST 2013
Foot protection
• A heavy object falling on the foot
• A heavy object rolling over the foot;
• A sharp object penetrating the sole of the foot or cutting through
the top
• Ignition of flammable or explosive vapours or dusts from static
electricity discharged between the foot and walking surface
• Accidental contact with low or high voltage electrical systems
• Chainsaw usage (or similar cut hazard);
• Contact with chemicals, potentially infectious fluids
• Molten metals splashing on the foot
• Slips or falls due to wet or slippery surfaces, or rough terrain
• Environmental conditions (e.g., extreme heat/cold, etc.).
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http://ehs.unl.edu/sop/s-foot_protection.pdf
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Drowning protection
• Disorientation from sun, wind, noise, or carbon monoxide is
a contributing factor to a fall overboard.
• If the water is cold, the shock of immersion makes you
gasp involuntarily and when this happens under the water
that gasp can be your last breath.
• If you are able to survive sudden immersion and manage
the first terrifying moments of hyperventilation you can still
find your muscles seizing up and the simple act of keeping
your head above the waves next to impossible.
• After a short time your limbs do not function properly and
your feet sink. This condition is called swim failure and
those who study the phenomenon have found that it
happens to the strongest among us and the best of
swimmers too.
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Personal fall protection
Working at height without any protection may
lead from minor injuries such as broken leg to
major injuries and sometimes even DEATH
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© Ship DIGEST 2013
Personal fall protection
Personal fall protectors (such as full body harness)
that are supposed to save people can also cause
death after a fall.
– Suspension Trauma
• Occurs when a person suspended in air has been dangling in an
upright position for more then five minutes. The blood
accumulates at the bottom of the legs it deprives the heart of
blood, causing the heart to malfunction and in some cases
results in death, with the underlying cause called orthostatic
incompetence.
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http://www.ehow.com/list_7453541_hazards-using-safety-harnesses.html
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Personal fall protection
– Lanyard Attachment
• A back attachment of a safety harness lanyard does not allow a
secure self-rescue in the event of a problem. Having the
attachment in the front can make the job itself difficult due to the
rope getting in the way, but this can also save a life being.
Always have another person lowering the rope and checking the
consciousness of the person in the harness.
– Harness Straps
• Harness straps can put pressure on the leg veins, reducing the
blood flow back to the heart. This can be dangerous because
the straps need to be tightened to just the right tension for them
to work properly without cutting off the blood supply.
47
http://www.ehow.com/list_7453541_hazards-using-safety-harnesses.html
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Hearing protection
Noise
a combination of sound level and duration of
exposure, very high-level sounds are a hazard
even with short duration
When noise is too loud, it begins to kill the nerve endings in
the inner ear. Prolonged exposure to loud noise destroys
nerve endings. As the number of nerve endings decreases,
so does your hearing. There is no way to restore life to dead
nerve endings; the damage is permanent. The longer you are
exposed to a loud noise, the more damaging it may be. Also,
the closer you are to the source of intense noise, the more
damaging it is.
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http://www.entnet.org/HealthInformation/hearingProtection.cfm
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Respiratory protective
equipment
• Respiratory hazards can include airborne
contaminants such as:
– biological contaminants,
– dusts,
– mists,
– fumes,
– gases, or
– oxygen-deficient atmospheres
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© Ship DIGEST 2013
2 Identify and describe which Personal Protective and Safety
Equipment are required to be worn and utilised during Ship
Dismantling job tasks.
2.1.1
50
PowerPoint Notes
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Ship Dismantling Insight by Generating Environmental and Safety Training
Identify and Describe which Personal
Protective and Safety Equipment are
required to be worn and utilised during
Ship Dismantling job tasks
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© Ship DIGEST 2013
Scope of Presentation
1. Identification of Personal Protective and Safety
Equipment required for general Ship
Dismantling job tasks
2. Identification of Personal Protective and Safety
Equipment required for specialised Ship
Dismantling job tasks
3. Identify and describe the required Personal
Protective and Safety Equipment required for
Emergency situations
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© Ship DIGEST 2013
Personal Protective and Safety
Equipment
• Head protection
• Eye and face
protection
• Hand and arm
protection
• Protective clothing
• High-visibility
clothing
• Foot protection
53
• Drowning
protection
• Personal fall
protection
• Hearing protection
• Respiratory
protective
equipment
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Head Protection
» Objects might fall from above and strike them on the head
» You might bump your heads against fixed objects, such as
exposed pipes or beams
» There is a possibility of accidental head contact with electrical
hazards
54
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Head Protection
ALWAYS
»Use an adjustable chinstrap
»Clean the inside of the helmet
»Check regularly that any damage to the
outside is no more than shallow scratches
»Throw head protection away after significant
impact by a fixed or falling object
»Wear the helmet so that the brim is level when
the head is upright
55
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Head Protection
»Never use the hard hats with cracking or
deformity
»Never use the hard hats with indication of
exposure heat, chemicals
»Never use bump heads
»Never wear head protection back to front
»Never wear it sloping up or down
»Never customise head protection
56
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Eye and Face Protection
» Safety spectacles
• These may be separate lenses in a metal or
plastic frame or have a single lens/frame
moulding
» Goggles
• These are made with a flexible plastic frame and
one or two lenses with a flexible elastic headband.
» Face shields
• These have one large lens with a frame and
adjustable head harness or are mounted on a
helmet.
57
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Eye and Face Protection
ALWAYS
» Make sure the eye/face protection fits the user
and does not fall off easily
» Use eye and face protections on a personal basis
» Consider misting/fogging. Make anti-mist and
ventilated eye protection is available
» Store eye protection in a protective case
» Follow the manufacturer’s instructions on
cleaning, not forgetting headbands and frames
58
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Eye and Face Protection
» Never use when visibility is noticeably reduced (eg
the lenses are deeply scratched or worn) or the
frame, headband or harness is deformed. Throw
them away and replace them.
» Never use sunglasses because they do not filter the
extreme ultraviolet light as effectively. The plastic
used in sunglass lenses will not protect your eyes
from sparks.
59
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Hand and Arm Protection
»
»
»
»
Protection from cuts and abrasions
To keep hands warm in cold weather
Danger from electrical hazards
Handling or coming into contact with
chemicals
» Handling radioactive materials
» Handling hot or cold materials and work
involving accidental contact with naked
flames
60
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Hand and Arm Protection
ALWAYS
» Ensure they fit the wearer properly and are worn
correctly for cutting job
» Ensure users can handle and remove the gloves
carefully to avoid contamination of the hands and the
inside of the glove
» Ensure users clean their hands thoroughly when they
change gloves and moisturise their hands at least
once a day
» Do not wear a glove for extended periods as this can
lead to the development of excessive moisture
61
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Hand and Arm Protection
» Never Wear a glove for extended periods
» Never use pre-work creams, sometimes sold as barrier creams,
as a replacement for carefully selected gloves. They are not
PPE because:
•
•
•
•
62
they do not provide protection against hazards
workers may not apply them properly, leaving part of their skin
uncovered
there is no information available on the rate of penetration of
substances through pre-work creams
protection may be removed while working without workers noticing
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Body Protection
Clothing
can
provide
sufficient coverage, and be
made of suitable materials, to
minimize skin burns caused
by
sparks,
spatter,
or
radiation
If disposable outer coveralls
are used to protect a
reusable coverall, ensure that
they are also flame retardant
63
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Body Protection
ALWAYS
» Wear oil-free protective clothing made of wool or
heavy cotton
» Choose clothing that allows freedom of movement
and covers all areas of exposed skin
» Wear long sleeved shirts (no t-shirts), and button the
cuffs, pockets, and collar
» Keep clothing dry
» Remove all flammables and matches and cigarette
lighters from your pockets
64
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Body Protection
» Never wear synthetic (man-made) fabrics because
they may burn easily, melt, stick to your skin, and
cause serious burns
» Never assume that fire protective clothing will always
self-extinguish and make other provision available for
extinguishing flame
» Never exceed the highest temperature recommended
by the manufacturer during laundering
» Never use more aggressive cleaning agents
65
© Ship DIGEST 2013
High-visibility Clothing
» Most high-visibility clothing
has a fluorescent yellow or
orange background, made
from materials impregnated
with fluorescent pigments,
with
bands
of
shiny
retroflective material
» It is designed to make the
wearer easy to see under
any light conditions in the
day and under illumination,
for example by vehicle
headlights in the dark
66
© Ship DIGEST 2013
High-visibility Clothing
» Select high-visibility clothing suitable for the task.
Clothing that protects from other hazards such as
cold weather is often available with a highvisibility
option. Outdoor workers may need different
clothing at different times of the year
» Inspect before use for wear and tear, or loose
seams.
» Ensure only correct cleaning materials are used.
Lack of cleanliness is a significant factor in loss
of visibility
67
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Foot Protection
» Safety boots or shoes
• These are the most common type of safety
footwear. They normally have protective
toecaps and may also have other safety
features including slip resistant soles,
penetration resistant midsoles and insulation
against extremes of heat and cold
» Wellington boots
• These are usually made of rubber and used for
working in wet conditions. They are also useful
in jobs where the footwear needs to be washed
and disinfected for hygiene reasons
68
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Foot Protection
ALWAYS
» Consider the comfort factors for the wearer
» Inspect for wear and tear and loose seams
before use
» Measure both feet. “Most people are righthanded, and, usually, their right foot is a little
bigger.”
» Wear a normal work sock
» Rotate between old and new shoes. When you
get to three months, go get another pair and then
start rotating them
69
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Foot Protection
» Never let your feet or legs get too close to moving
parts
» Never wear sandals or other shoes that expose any
part of your feet
» Never stand in the path of vehicles or other moving
equipment that could run over your feet or toes and
cause serious injury
» Never jump from tractors or other equipment. That
could lead to an awkward landing
» Never wear leather-soled shoes that may cause you
to slip
70
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Drowning Protection
Buoyancy aids - Life jackets
Life jackets or buoyancy aids should be worn where there is a
foreseeable risk of drowning when working near water.
Buoyancy aids
Buoyancy aids are worn to provide extra buoyancy to help a conscious
person keep afloat. However, they will not turn over an unconscious
person from a facedown position.
Life jackets
Life jackets provide enough buoyancy to turn even an unconscious person
face upwards within five seconds (ten seconds if automatically inflated).
The person’s head should be supported with the mouth and nose clear of
the water
71
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Drowning Protection
Immersion suits
» Immersion suits provide extended survival time in water by reducing the
risk of cold shock and delaying the onset of hypothermia
» They also make it easier to propel and get the wearer out of the water
and make the wearer easier to find in the water to help aid recovery
» Immersion suits come in two main types – constant wear and
abandonment. Suits may be already insulated, or insulation may be
provided by an inflatable liner. Uninsulated suits may be provided with
a removable inner garment, or may require that specified clothing be
worn to provide sufficient insulation to achieve expected survival times
72
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Personal Fall Protection
» Work restraint systems
» Work positioning systems
» Rope access systems
» Rescue systems
» Fall arrest systems
73
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Work restraint systems
Work-restraint
systems prevent the
user from reaching
zones where the risk
of a fall exists. Such
systems are usually
incorrectly called ‘fall
restraint’
74
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Work positioning systems
Work positioning systems support
the user in tension or suspension
while a task is being undertaken in
such a way that a fall is prevented
or restricted.
Such systems allow the user to
have both hands free for working.
However, work positioning systems
must always incorporate a backup
system (typically a fall arrest
system) designed to protect the
user if the primary work positioning
system fails
75
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Rope access systems
Rope access systems use two
separately secured subsystems,
one as the means of support and
the other as a safety backup for
(specifically) getting to and from the
place of work. Such systems
become work positioning systems
when the user is at the place of
work. It is important to note that in
such a system both ropes are static
while the user moves up and down
the rope. If the rope supporting the
user moves with the user the
system is a work positioning
system not a rope access system
76
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Fall arrest systems
Fall arrest systems are personal
protective systems where the fall is
arrested to prevent the user
colliding with the ground or
structure.
Such
systems
have
energy
absorbance capacity built into the
system and are designed to limit
the forces on the human body to no
greater than 6 kN.
Examples are energy absorbing
lanyards, inertia reel devices (when
used
correctly,
ie
anchored
vertically above the user) or lead
climbing using dynamic rope
77
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Key Points
» Consider all elements when selecting suitable
equipment – the maximum descent height
and load; safe and secure anchorage points;
the length, type and number of ropes and
lanyards
» Inspect equipment at regular intervals
» Special care needs to be taken when
inspecting components made from webbing
and rope because of the deterioration that
can take place in these materials
78
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Ear Protection
» Earplugs
• These fit into or cover the ear canal, to
form a seal. They can be permanent
(indefinite use), reusable (use only a few
times) or disposable (use once).
» Earmuffs
• These are normally hard plastic cups,
which fit over and surround the ears. They
can be headband or helmet mounted and
some can have communication equipment
built into them.
79
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Ear Protection
ALWAYS
» Check hearing protection regularly for wear and tear.
» Replace ear cushions or plugs that are no longer
pliable.
» Replace a unit when head bands are so stretched
» Wash ear muffs with a mild liquid detergent in warm
water, and then rinse in clear warm water
» Use a soft brush to remove skin oil and dirt
» Squeeze excess moisture from the plugs or cushions
and then place them on a clean surface to air dry
80
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Ear Protection
» Never stand too close to noisy machinery for
a long time
» Never reuse disposable earplugs
» Never share earplugs with your co-workers
» Never use too loose or too tight earmuffs
» Never use earmuffs with cracks or other
damage
» Never stuff cotton in your ears in place of
earplugs
81
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Respiratory Protection
Respirators that rely on filtering contaminants
from workplace air
» Simple filtering face pieces
» Respirators
» Power assisted respirators
82
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Respiratory Protection
ALWAYS
»
»
»
»
»
»
Use respirators in good working condition
Use all the straps provided
Fit two identical filters to a twin-filter respirator
Clean and store the respirators properly
Change filters as instructed by the manufacturer
Always check the fan is providing enough airflow
before you use the device
» Change all the filters on a multi-filter unit together
83
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Respiratory Protection
» Never use in oxygen-deficient atmospheres
» Never use particle-only filters against
gas/vapour, or gas/vapour-only filters against
particulates
» Never use if dirty, damaged or incomplete, or
if not providing enough air
» Never keep working if the fan stops or the
flow rate falls. Leave the work area
immediately
84
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Tower Scaffolds
Mobile access towers are
widely used and can
provide an effective and
safe means of gaining
access to work at height
Never use a tower
» As a support for ladders,
trestles
or
other
access
equipment
» In weather conditions which are
likely to make it unstable
» With broken or missing parts
» With incompatible components
85
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Mobile Elevating Work Platforms
(MEWP)
Mobile elevating work platforms
(MEWPs) can provide a safe
way of working at height. They:
» allow the worker to reach the
task quickly and easily
» have guard rails and toe
boards which prevent a
person falling
» can be used in-doors or out
86
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Mobile Elevating Work Platforms
(MEWP)
These types of MEWPs,
commonly known as cherry
pickers, are designed to work in
a variety of planes such that
they can evade obstacles by
deviating from the vertical
plane. They come in a variety of
sizes, boom reaches, traction
set-ups and offer quick and
easy access to working at
height
87
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Podium Steps
Podiums provide lowlevel height access
offering a firm platform
with adjustable height,
and guardrail. Can be
tubular self-erecting or
folded
prior
to
erection, so as to pass
through
standard
doors and corridors
88
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Leaning Ladder
» Don’t use any other ladder,
including any brought from
home or belonging to other
companies
» Every time you use a ladder
check it beforehand to make
sure it is safe to use
» When erected, the ladder
must be at an angle of 75°
as this is the best angle for
stability
» If you cannot achieve this
angle, because the ladder is
too short, too long or
something is in the way, then
don’t use it
89
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Stepladder
A stepladder is a self supporting
ladder providing swift access to
low risk and short duration work
» Only work on a stepladder for a
maximum of 15 - 30 minutes at
a time
» Only carry light materials and
tools (up to 10 kg)
» Do not overreach - make sure
your belt buckle (navel) stays
within the stiles
» Keep both feet on the same
rung or step throughout the task
» Make sure you have a safe
handhold available on the steps
90
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Trestle and Hop up
» Trestles can be used if
the risk assessment
shows that the risk of a
person
falling
and
injuring themselves is
low and the work on top
of the trestle is in short
bursts
» 'Hop up' type platforms
are intended for lowlevel
access
requirements
91
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Key Messages
» Follow the risk assessments you have carried out for work
at height activities and make sure all work at height is
planned, organised and carried out by competent persons
» Follow the hierarchy for managing risks from work at
height - take steps to avoid, prevent or reduce risks
» Choose the right work equipment and select collective
measures to prevent falls (such as guardrails and working
platforms) before other measures which may only mitigate
the distance and consequences of a fall (such as nets or
airbags) or which may only provide personal protection
from a fall
92
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Key Messages
make sure that PPE:
» is effective and gives adequate protection against the hazards in
the workplace
» is suitable and matches the wearer, the task and the working
environment, so it does not get in the way of the job being done
or cause any discomfort; does not introduce any additional
risks, e.g. limits visibility;
» is CE marked to confirm that it has been made to an appropriate
standard;
» is compatible with any other PPE that has to be worn. Safety
spectacles may interfere with the fit of some respirators.
93
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Emergency Situations
»Fire
»Explosion
»Oil spill
»Fall from height
»Drowning
»Fainting
94
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Fire and Explosion
» Take ALL fire alarms seriously and
leave the ship immediately. Do not stop
» Stay low when there is smoke, where
the air is cleaner and cooler
» If the alarm is on your way out, pull it
» If your clothes are on fire, stop, drop,
and roll
» Quickly cool any burns with water and
seek medical attention
95
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Oil Spill
» Contain the spill with booms and
collect it from the water surface
using skimmer equipment. Spilt oil
floats on water and initially forms
a slick that is a few millimetres
thick
» Use dispersants to break up the
oil and speed its natural
biodegradation
» Introduce biological agents to the
spill to hasten biodegradation
96
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Fall from Height
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
97
Assess the situation before commencing a rescue operation
Request medical assistance
Identify proper position from which to carry out the operation.
Identify a point of safety to move the casualty to
Make sure all involved are aware of the procedure to be carried
out and their role within it
Ensure personnel have been trained in rescue procedures are
competent to carry out their role.
Carry out the rescue steadily and in a controlled manner.
Make sure communication is maintained at all times
Monitor the casualty’s condition at all times and where possible
provide the necessary first aid
Conduct a review of the whole situation identifying areas of
improvement for the future
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Drowning
» Identify a drowning victim
–
–
–
–
»
»
»
»
»
»
98
Unable to call for help
Thrashing arms
Vertical in the water
Body is very low in the water, with the mouth just above the
surface.
Alert help, if possible
Get a flotation device, if available
Begin the rescue
Place your arms under the victim’s
Reassure the victim
Monitor the victim
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Drowning
» If the victim is close to the edge of the water, you can
pull them to safety by:
– Laying face down on the ground and reaching your hand or a
flotation device out to the victim
– Sitting on the ground and extending your leg out
– Using a towel, shirt, fun noodle, tube, ring, etc. to reach to the
victim
» React quickly. It is important that you react quickly to
an active drowning victim. It can take less than 1
minute for a victim to sink below the surface of the
water
» If the victim starts to drown you, swim downwards;
they will not follow
99
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Drowning
» Do not rescue a victim if you cannot swim yourself! It
would not be helpful to the victim or safe for you if
you try to rescue a victim without knowing how to
swim. Get help or throw a flotation device to the
victim
» Do not rescue a victim if you feel the victim is too
large for you to bring to safety. It would not be helpful
if you reach the victim but cannot move him/her
» Do not leave an active drowning victim while you go
to get help. Remember, it takes less than 1 minute for
someone to drown
100
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Fainting
Before fainting, a person may experience
the following:
•
•
•
•
•
101
Nausea
Giddiness
Excessive sweating
Dim vision
Rapid heart beat or palpitations
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Fainting
»
»
»
»
»
Make them sit down or lie down
If sitting, position head between knees
When a person faints, position him on his back
Check to see if airways are clear
Restore blood flow by loosening
clothing/belts/collars
» Elevate feet above head level
» Patient should become normal within a minute
» If not, seek medical help
102
© Ship DIGEST 2013
3 Demonstrate and explain the importance of wearing and/or
utilising Personal Protective and Safety Equipment in the
correct manner.
3.1.1
103
PowerPoint Notes
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Ship Dismantling Insight by Generating Environmental and Safety Training
Demonstration and Explanation of the
Importance of Wearing and/or Utilising
Personal Protective and Safety
Equipment in the Correct Manner
104
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Presentation Outline
» The dangers of not wearing and/or utilising Personal
Protective and Safety Equipment in the correct
manner
» Why it is imperative that Personal Protective and
Safety Equipment is to the required international
standard and is customised to the individual and/or
circumstance
» Demonstration how to wear and/or utilise Personal
Protective and Safety Equipment in the correct
manner
105
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Basic Health and Safety
Requirements
Ergonomics
The PPE must be so designed and manufactured that in
the foreseeable conditions of use for which it is intended
the user can perform the risk-related activity normally
whilst enjoying appropriate protection of the highest
possible level
Highest level of protection possible
The optimum level of protection to be taken into account
in the design is that beyond which the constraints
imposed by the wearing of the PPE would prevent its
effective use during the period of exposure to the risk or
normal performance of the activity
106
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Basic Health and Safety
Requirements
Absence of risks and other "inherent"
factors of nuisance effect
PPE must be so designed and manufactured as to
preclude risks and other nuisance factors under
foreseeable conditions of use
Suitable constituent materials
PPE materials and parts, including any of their
decomposition products, must not adversely affect user
hygiene or health. The materials constitutive of PPE
and their possible products breakdown should not have
harmful effects on hygiene or health of the user
107
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Basic Health and Safety
Requirements
Suitable constituent materials
PPE materials and parts, including any of their
decomposition products, must not adversely affect user
hygiene or health. The materials constitutive of PPE
and their possible products breakdown should not have
harmful effects on hygiene or health of the user
Satisfactory surface condition of all PPE
parts in contact with the user
Any PPE part in contact or in potential contact with the
user when such equipment is worn must be free of
roughness, sharp edges, projections and the like which
could cause excessive irritation or injuries
108
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Basic Health and Safety
Requirements
Maximum permissible user impediment
Any impediment caused by PPE to movements to be
made, postures to be adopted and sensory perception
must be minimized; nor must PPE cause movements
which endanger the user or other persons
Adaptation of PPE to the user morphology
PPE must be so designed and manufactured as to
facilitate correct positioning on the user and to remain in
place for the foreseeable period of use, bearing in mind
ambient factors, movements to be made and postures
to be adopted.
109
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Basic Health and Safety
Requirements
Lightness and design strength
PPE must be as light as possible without prejudicing
design strength and efficiency. Apart from the specific
additional requirements, PPE must be capable of
withstanding the effects of ambient phenomena inherent
under the foreseeable conditions of use
Compatibility of different classes or types
of PPE designed for simultaneous use
If the same manufacturer markets several PPE models
of different classes or types in order to ensure the
simultaneous protection of adjacent parts of the body,
these must be compatible
110
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Basic Health and Safety
Requirements
Information supplied by the manufacturer
In addition to the name and address of the
manufacturer established in the Community, the notes
that must be drawn up by the former and supplied when
PPE is placed on the market must contain all relevant
information on
» storage, use, cleaning, maintenance, servicing and disinfection.
Cleaning, maintenance or disinfectant products recommended
by manufacturers must have no adverse effect on PPE or users
when applied in accordance with the relevant instructions
» performance as recorded during technical tests to check the
levels or classes of protection provided by the PPE in question
111
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Basic Health and Safety
Requirements
» suitable PPE accessories and the characteristics of appropriate
spare parts
» the classes of protection appropriate to different levels of risk
and the corresponding limits of use
» the obsolescence deadline or period of obsolescence of PPE or
certain of its components;
» the type of packaging suitable for transport
» the significance of any markings
» the name, address and identification number of the notified body
involved in the design stage of the PPE
112
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Additional Requirements
PPE incorporating adjustment systems
If PPE incorporates adjustment systems, the latter must
be so designed and manufactured as not to become
incorrectly adjusted without the user's knowledge under
the foreseeable conditions of use
PPE 'enclosing' the parts of the body to
be protected
As far as possible, PPE 'enclosing' the parts of the body
to be protected must be sufficiently ventilated to limit
perspiration resulting from use; if this is not the case, it
must if possible be equipped with devices which absorb
perspiration
113
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Additional Requirements
PPE for the face, eyes and respiratory
tracts
Any restriction of the user's field of vision or sight by
PPE for the face, eyes or respiratory tract must be
minimized. The degree of optical neutrality of the vision
systems of these PPE classes must be compatible with
the type of relatively meticulous and/or prolonged
activities of the user. If necessary, they must be treated
or provided with facilities to prevent moisture formation.
PPE models intended for users requiring sight
correction must be compatible with the wearing of
spectacles or contact lenses
114
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Additional Requirements
PPE subject to ageing
If it is known that the design performances of new PPE may be
significantly affected by ageing, the date of manufacture and/or, if
possible, the date of obsolescence, must be indelibly inscribed on
every PPE item or interchangeable component placed on the
market in such a way as to preclude any misinterpretation; this
information must also be indelibly inscribed on the packaging
If a manufacturer is unable to give an undertaking with regard to
the useful life of PPE, his notes must provide all the information
necessary to enable the purchaser or user to establish a
reasonable obsolescence date, bearing in mind the quality level of
the model and the effective conditions of storage, use, cleaning,
servicing and maintenance
115
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Additional Requirements
PPE subject to ageing
Where appreciable and rapid deterioration in PPE performance is
likely to be caused by ageing resulting from the periodic use of a
cleaning process recommended by the manufacturer, the latter
must, if possible, affix a mark to each item of PPE placed on the
market indicating the maximum number of cleaning operations that
may be carried out before the equipment needs to be inspected or
discarded; failing that, the manufacturer must give this information
in his notes
PPE which may be caught up during use
Where the foreseeable conditions of use include in particular the
risk of the PPE being caught up by a moving object, the PPE must
possess an appropriate resistance threshold above which a
constituent part will break and eliminate the danger
116
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Additional Requirements
PPE for use in explosive atmospheres
PPE intended for use in explosive atmospheres must be so
designed and manufactured that it cannot be the source of an
electric, electrostatic or impact-induced arc or spark likely to cause
an explosive mixture to ignite
PPE intended for emergency use or rapid
installation and/or removal
These PPE classes must be so designed and manufactured as to
minimize the time required for attachment and (or) removal. Any
integral systems permitting correct positioning on, or removal from,
the user must be susceptible of rapid and easy operation
117
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Additional Requirements
PPE for use in very dangerous situations
The information notes supplied by the manufacturer together with
PPE for use in the very dangerous situations must include, in
particular, data intended for the exclusive use of competent trained
individuals who are qualified to interpret them and ensure their
application by the user.
They must also describe the procedure to be adopted in order to
verify that PPE is correctly adjusted and functional when worn by
the user. If PPE incorporates an alarm which is activated in the
absence of the level of protection normally provided, this must be
so designed and accommodated as to be perceived by the user in
the conditions of use for which the PPE is marketed
118
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Additional Requirements
PPE incorporating components which can
be adjusted or removed by the user
Any PPE components which can be adjusted or removed by the
user for the purpose of replacement must be so designed and
manufactured as to facilitate adjustment, attachment and removal
without tools
PPE for connection to another, external
complementary device
If PPE incorporates a system permitting connection to another,
complementary, device, the attachment mechanism must be so
designed and manufactured as to enable it to be mounted only on
appropriate equipment
119
© Ship DIGEST 2013
Additional Requirements
PPE incorporating
system
a
fluid
circulation
If PPE incorporates a fluid circulation system, the latter must be so
chosen, or designed, and incorporated as to permit adequate fluid
renewal in the vicinity of the entire part of the body to be protected,
irrespective of user gestures, posture or movement under the
foreseeable conditions of use
120
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Additional Requirements
PPE bearing one or more identification or
recognition marks directly or indirectly
relating to health and safety
The identification or recognition marks directly or indirectly relating
to health and safety affixed to these types or classes of PPE must
preferably take the form of harmonized pictograms or ideograms
and must remain perfectly legible throughout the foreseeable useful
life of the PPE. In addition, these marks must be complete, precise
and comprehensible so as to prevent any misinterpretation; in
particular, when such marks incorporate words or sentences, the
latter must appear in the official language(s) of the Member State
where the equipment is to be used.
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Additional Requirements
PPE in the form of clothing capable of
signalling the user's presence visually
PPE in the form of clothing intended for foreseeable conditions of
use in which the user's presence must be visibly and individually
signalled must have one (or more) judiciously positioned means of
or devices for emitting direct or reflected visible radiation of
appropriate luminous intensity and photometric and colorimetric
properties
Multi-risk' PPE
All PPE designed to protect the user against several potentially
simultaneous risks must be so designed and manufactured as to
satisfy, in particular, the basic requirements specific to each of
those risks
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