AnaGate CAN uno (incl. DIN rail case version) - Manual

AnaGate CAN uno (incl. DIN rail case version) - Manual
AnaGate CAN uno
User Manual
Analytica GmbH
A. Schmidt, Analytica GmbH
AnaGate CAN uno: User Manual
Analytica GmbH
by A. Schmidt
This document was generated with DocBook at 2014-10-31 12:46:57.
PDF-Datei (dtsch.): AnaGate-CAN-uno-1.9.pdf
PDF-Datei (engl.): AnaGate-CAN-uno-1.9-EN.pdf
Publication date 09. Juni 2014
Copyright © 2007-2014 Analytica GmbH
Abstract
This manual describes the intefaces and modes of operation of a AnaGate CAN uno.
All rights reserved. All the information in this manual was compiled with the greatest of care. However, no warranty
can be given for it.
No parts of this manual or the program are to be reproduced in any way (printing, photocopying, microfilm or any
other process) without written authorisation. Any processing, duplication or distribution by means of any electronic
system is also strictly prohibited.
You are also advised that all the names and brand names of the respective companies mentioned in this documentation
are generally protected by brand, trademark or patent laws.
Analytica GmbH
Vorholzstraße 36
76137 Karlsruhe
Germany
Fon +49 (0) 721-43035-0
Fax +49 (0) 721-43035-20
<[email protected]>
www.analytica-gmbh.de [http://www.analytica-gmbh.de]
www.anagate.de [http://www.anagate.de]
Revision History
Revision
1.0
08.02.2008
Uwe
Initial version
Revision
1.1
23.07.2008
Uwe
Integration AnaGate CAN duo
Revision
1.2
17.04.2009
ASc
Integration AnaGate CAN quattro
Revision
1.3
18.05.2009
ASc
Description Firmware-Update added
Revision
1.4
10.08.2010
ASc
Manual changed to DocBook format
Revision
1.5
09.08.2011
ASc
The AnaGate CAN uno DIN rail supports digital inputs/outputs.
Revision
1.6
04.10.2011
ASc
New option Boot with operational mode on web configuration page CAN
settings (FW 1.3.16).
Revision
1.7
14.08.2013
ASc
Description of advanced unit settings on web configuration page
Advanced settings (FW 1.3.19) and the informational Status page.
Revision
1.8
22.05.2014
ASc
Support of CANopen Conformance Test Tool of the CiA.
Revision
1.9
09.06.2014
ASc
Description of the new network parameters Name Server and Local
Domain.
Table of Contents
Introduction ........................................................................................... vii
1. Description ........................................................................................... 1
1.1. Features ..................................................................................... 1
1.2. Specification ................................................................................ 2
1.3. Scope of delivery ......................................................................... 2
1.4. Interfaces and plugs ..................................................................... 3
2. Configuration ........................................................................................ 7
2.1. Initial installation ......................................................................... 7
2.2. Network settings .......................................................................... 8
2.3. CAN settings ............................................................................... 9
2.4. Advanced settings ...................................................................... 10
2.5. Device status ............................................................................. 11
2.6. Functional extensions based on Lua .............................................. 13
2.7. Digital IO .................................................................................. 15
2.8. Factory reset ............................................................................. 16
2.9. Firmware update ........................................................................ 17
3. Fields of application ............................................................................. 20
3.1. Gateway mode ........................................................................... 20
3.2. Bridge mode .............................................................................. 21
3.3. CANopen Conformance Test Tool .................................................. 23
A. FAQ - Frequently asked questions .......................................................... 24
B. Technical support ................................................................................ 28
Abbreviations .......................................................................................... 29
Bibliography ........................................................................................... 30
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List of Figures
1.1. Front view, AnaGate CAN uno .............................................................. 3
1.2. AnaGate CAN uno, back panel .............................................................. 4
1.3. Top view AnaGate CAN uno (DIN rail) ................................................... 5
2.1. HTTP interface, AnaGate CAN uno ......................................................... 7
2.2. HTTP interface, network settings .......................................................... 8
2.3. HTTP interface, CAN settings ................................................................ 9
2.4. HTTP interface, CAN settings .............................................................. 11
2.5. HTTP interface, Status ....................................................................... 12
2.6. HTTP interface, Lua settings ............................................................... 14
2.7. Pin layout, digital IO plug (desktop model) ........................................... 15
2.8. Pin layout, digital IO plug (DIN rail model) ........................................... 16
2.9. AnaGate CAN Gateway, Example blinking output ................................... 17
2.10. HTTP interface, AnaGate CAN uno ..................................................... 18
2.11. HTTP interface, firmware update ....................................................... 18
3.1. AnaGate CAN Gateway in gateway mode ............................................. 20
3.2. AnaGate CAN Gateway in bridge mode ................................................ 21
3.3. Bridge mode: Setting for device which initiates the bridge (here AnaGate
CAN uno) ............................................................................................... 22
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List of Tables
1.1.
1.2.
1.3.
A.1.
Technical data, AnaGate CAN uno ......................................................... 2
Pin layout, CAN plug, box case ............................................................. 3
Pin layout, CAN plug, DIN rail case ....................................................... 6
Using AnaGate hardware with firewall .................................................. 25
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List of Examples
3.1. Settings.ini ....................................................................................... 23
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© 2007-2014 Analytica GmbH
Introduction
This document describes the features and objectives of the CAN-Ethernet gateway
AnaGate CAN uno.
This device is part of a product line, whose single devices only differ in the number
of CAN interfaces and/or the device case.
In this manual the term AnaGate CAN Gateway is uniformly used, if no specific model
is addressed or it is not necessary to differentiate. Otherwise the full product name
is used, like AnaGate CAN USB, AnaGate CAN uno, AnaGate CAN duo, AnaGate CAN
quattro, AnaGate CAN X2, AnaGate CAN X4 or AnaGate CAN X8.
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Chapter 1. Description
The AnaGate CAN Gateway connects a PC, an embedded PC or an other general
device to one or more CAN busses via the TCP/IP network protocol. It basically works
as a CAN master with no own CAN identifier on the bus.
For this reason the AnaGate CAN uno provides an ethernet interface and a single
electrically isolated CAN interface.
Controlling and configuration of an AnaGate CAN Gateway is made through TCP/IP.
The application protocol itself is described in detail (see [TCP-2010]). Thus the access
to the device can be programmed via native calls to the TCP/IP socket interface. This
means that any communication partner with a LAN interface is able to communicate
to the device. Accessing the device with the supplied application libraries for Windows
and Linux is much comfortable. The libraries includes the entire range of device
functions and can be used with conventional programming languages.
In bridge mode the AnaGate CAN Gateway can interconnect two physically
independent CAN networks via LAN/Ethernet (LAN bridge mode). With the coupling
over LAN/Ethernet it is possible to connect separate CAN buses with different baud
rates over long distances.
Note
The AnaGate CAN duo, AnaGate CAN quattro, AnaGate CAN X2, AnaGate
CAN X4 and AnaGate CAN X8 can additionally interconnect two internal
CAN interfaces. The AnaGate CAN uno do not support this so called
internal bridge mode.
1.1. Features
• The AnaGate CAN uno can send and receive CAN messages via its CAN interface.
This can be done using a device that supports TCP sockets (like a personal
computer or a PLC).
• Variable CAN bus speed per interface (10, 20, 50, 62.5, 100, 125, 250, 500, 800
or 1000 kbps).
• Software configurable bus termination for the CAN interface.
• Two different plugs for voltage supply. The DIN rail case model of the AnaGate CAN
uno has only one plug for power supply.
• System is addressed using a proprietary network protocol.
• Static or dynamic assignment (DHCP) of IP address.
• 2/4 digital inputs and outputs, which can be accessed via LAN/Ethernet.
• Several simultaneous network connections (5x TCP and 1x UPD) are supported on
each existing CAN interface.
• Coupling of two independent CAN networks via LAN/internet bridge over two
seperate devices. All devices of the AnaGate product line except the AnaGate CAN
USB support this feature.
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Description
1.2. Specification
Technical aspect
Measurements
CAN bus
1
Digital IO
LAN interface
Voltage supply
Ambient
temperature
Specfication
Desktop casing
155mm x 105mm x 40mm
DIN rail casing
100mm x 125mm x 50mm
Weight
approx. 285g/202g
Baud rate
10, 20, 50, 62.5, 100, 125, 250, 500, 800 or
1000 kbps, software configuration
CAN controller
1x Microchip MCP 2515
CAN interface
1x ISO 11898-2, galvanic decoupled
Interface
1x DB9 plug incl. CAN_H, CAN_L and GND
Inputs
4, galvanic decoupled (3,3 – 24V)
Outputs
4, galvanic decoupled, 3,3 – 24V (Itotal max =
0,5A)
Baud rate
10/100 Mbps
TCP/IP
Static or dynamic (DHCP) IP address
Interface
RJ45 socket
Voltage
VInput=9-28V direct current
Power consumption
max. 350 mA (9V) without plugged USB
consumers
Storage
0 .. 85 °C
In operation
0 .. 60 °C (industrial version : -20 .. 70°C)
2
1
The din rail version of the AnaGate CAN uno has only 2 digital inputs/outputs without galvanic decoupling.
The voltage level depends on the supplied voltage of the device.
2
The din rail version of the AnaGate CAN uno is only available with industrial temperature range.
Table 1.1. Technical data, AnaGate CAN uno
Note
Protect the AnaGate CAN Gateway from direct sunlight.
1.3. Scope of delivery
The AnaGate CAN Gateway is supplied with the following components:
• 1x AnaGate CAN uno
• 1x CD with manual, programming API for Windows/Linux and CANopen driver for
CANFestival
• 1x 1,8 m Cat. 5 LAN cable (standard, not crossed)
Only included with desktop casing:
• 1x 10 pole plug connector (for digital IO)
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Description
• 1x 2 pole plug connector (for external power supply)
• 1 x plug-in power supply unit, compatible with country of delivery: EU, US or UK.
Only included with DIN rail casing:
• 1x 4 pole plug connector with screw terminals for digital IO
• 1x 4 pole plug connector with screw terminals for CAN interface
• 1x 2 pole plug connector with screw terminals (for external power supply)
1.4. Interfaces and plugs
1.4.1. AnaGate CAN uno - front view
Figure 1.1. Front view, AnaGate CAN uno
The front panel of the AnaGate CAN Gateway features for each existing CAN interface,
the following connectors and LEDs (from left to right):
Activity LED
This green LED lights up on activity on the relevant CAN line.
CAN port
9 pole D-Sub plug to connect the CAN bus (CiA recommondation
DS 102).
The pin allocation of the plug can be inferred from the following
table.
Pin
Description
3
GND
2
CAN_L
1,4-6,8,9 not connected
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Description
Pin
7
Description
CAN_H
Table 1.2. Pin layout, CAN plug, box case
1.4.2. AnaGate CAN uno - rear view
Figure 1.2. AnaGate CAN uno, back panel
The rear panel of the AnaGate CAN Gateway features the following connectors and
LEDs (from left to right):
Power LED
This green LED lights up when voltage is being supplied.
Power supply
The AnaGate CAN Gateway can be power supplied in two different
ways.
For the use as desktop device the barrel connector socket is
intended, in order to supply the device via a plug power supply
For the use in a switchboard the two-pole Wago clamping socket can
be used to connect an external power supply.
Warning
Be sure to use only one power supply.
LAN
Via the RJ45 socket the AnaGate CAN Gateway is connected with
the Ethernet. The device can be connected to a network component
like a hub or a switch. For a direct connection to a PC a crossover
network cable has to be used.
USB Hosts
The AnaGate CAN Gateway has two USB 1.1 interfaces for further
extensions or customer specific solutions.
Digital IO
The AnaGate CAN Gateway has 4 digital inputs and 4 digital outputs
which can be used freely. The digital io are galvanically decoupled
from the device and must be externally power supplied from 3,3V
to 24V (see Section 2.7, “ Digital IO”).
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Description
Reset
The AnaGate CAN Gateway can be reset to the factory settings using
this button (see Section 2.8, “ Factory reset” for further details).
Activity LED
This yellow LED lights up when the AnaGate CAN Gateway is
processing incoming CAN messages.
1.4.3. AnaGate CAN uno DIN rail case
Figure 1.3. Top view AnaGate CAN uno (DIN rail)
The upper connector strip of the AnaGate CAN uno (DIN rail) features the following
connectors and LEDs (from left to right):
LAN
Via the RJ45 socket the AnaGate CAN Gateway is connected with
the Ethernet. The device can be connected to a network component
like a hub or a switch. For a direct connection to a PC a crossover
network cable has to be used.
Digital IO
The AnaGate CAN Gateway has 2 digital inputs and 2 digital
outputs which can be used freely. The digital io are not galvanically
decoupled from the device and are internally power supplied (see
???).
Power supply
The two-pole clamping socket can be used to connect an external
power supply.
Power LED
This green LED lights up when voltage is being supplied.
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Description
The lower connector strip of the AnaGate CAN uno (DIN rail) features the following
connectors and LEDs (from left to right):
USB Host
The AnaGate CAN Gateway has a USB 1.1 interface for further
extensions or customer specific solutions.
Reset
The AnaGate CAN Gateway can be reset to the factory settings using
this button. (see Section 2.8, “ Factory reset” for further details)
Fault LED
Reserved for future use.
Activity LED
This yellow LED lights up when the AnaGate CAN Gateway is
processing incoming CAN messages.
CAN port
4 pole plug to connect the CAN bus. The corresponding connector
plug is included in delivery (screw terminal up to 1,5mm²). The pin
allocation of the plug can be inferred from the following table.
Pin
Description
1
GND
2
CAN_L
3
not connected
4
CAN_H
Table 1.3. Pin layout, CAN plug, DIN rail case
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Chapter 2. Configuration
2.1. Initial installation
First the AnaGate CAN Gateway must be supplied via the power plug with a tension
from 9 to 24 V.
Insert the included LAN cable into the plug labelled LAN and connect it either to a
hub or switch. If connecting directly to a PC use a crossover LAN cable (not in scope
of delivery) instead of the included LAN cable.
2.1.1. Factory settings
The AnaGate CAN Gateway is delivered with the following initial network settings:
IP address
Address type
Network mask
Gateway
192.168.1.254
static
255.255.255.0
192.168.1.1
The device can now be configured using a standard browser (Internet Explorer,
Firefox, etc.) by using http://192.168.1.254 .
Figure 2.1. HTTP interface, AnaGate CAN uno
Note
The PC used for the configuration must be in the 192.168.1.x network.
The static IP address 192.168.1.2 with the subnet mask 255.255.255.0
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Configuration
can be e.g. used. If neccessary the settings of the network interface on
the configuration pc has to be changed temporarily.
2.2. Network settings
On the page IP Settings the following settings can be changed.
DHCP
Here you can switch between static IP and dynamic (via DHCP)
addresses. If DHCP is being used, the remaining fields are ignored,
because this information is retrieved from the DHCP server.
In this case, a DHCP server must be available and accessible in the
network.
IP address
The IP address of the AnaGate CAN Gateway is entered in dot format
(e.g. 192.168.1.200).
Subnet mask
The subnet mask is entered in dot format (e.g. 255.255.255.0).
Gateway
The default gateway is entered in dot format (e.g. 192.168.1.1).
Leave blank or enter 0.0.0.0 if a default gateway is not required.
Name Server
The IP adress of a name server, which resolves domain names (in
dot format). If a name server is set, the end point of a IP bridge can
be entered as domain name (see Section 2.3, “ CAN settings”).
Local domain
Local domain name. Most queries for names within this domain can
use short names relative to the local domain in the end point field
of a CAN/IP bridge. The domain part is taken to be everything after
the first '.'. Is xyz.local the local domain name, the short name
dest will extended to dest.xyz.local.
Figure 2.2. HTTP interface, network settings
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Configuration
The inputs will be taken over immediately after clicking the button Save settings
and saved permanently on the AnaGate CAN Gateway . A restart of the device is not
necessary for activation of the settings.
Note
Maybe the ARP cache of the PC has to be deleted to find the device with
the changed IP address.
2.3. CAN settings
On the page CAN Settings the global settings for all existing CAN interfaces are
displayed and can be changed individually.
Figure 2.3. HTTP interface, CAN settings
Baudrate
The baud rate can be selected easily via a list box
containing all supported values.
Termination
Use the check box to switch on/off the internal
termination resistor.
High Speed
Activates/deactivates the Highspeed mode. In this
operating mode all incoming/outgoing CAN telegrams
are not longer confirmed by the opposite LAN side to
accelerate process throughput. Software-Filters are
switched off too in this mode.
Boot with operational mode
Initial operating mode of the CAN controller. Default
value is offline.
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Configuration
offline
The CAN controller is not active on the
CAN bus (offline).
normal
Normal operating mode. The default
setting of CAN baud rate is used.
listen
In listen mode the CAN
passive. CAN messages are
no messages can be sent
error). The default setting
rate is used.
loopback
In loopback mode every sent CAN
message is mirrowed back by the CAN
controller (no ACK, no errors). The default
setting of CAN baud rate is used.
controller is
received, but
(no ACK, no
of CAN baud
A more detailed description of the operating modes
can be found in the data sheet of the CAN controller
(Microchip MCP2515).
Bridge
Activates/deactivates
the
bridge
Section 3.2, “ Bridge mode”).
mode
(see
to IP
IP address of the partner device, to which a
connection (bridge) is to be made. The IP address has
to be entered in dot notation. A domain name can
be entered only if a name server is entered in the IP
settings (see Section 2.2, “ Network settings”). (only
Bridge Modus).
at Port
Port of the partner device, to which a connection
(bridge) is to be made (only Bridge Modus).
Remote-Baudrate
Baudrate of the partner device, to which a connection
(bridge) is to be made (only Bridge Modus).
Remote-Termination
Terminierung of the partner device, to which a
connection (bridge) is to be made (only Bridge
Modus). On destination devices, which can not
software-configure the CAN bus termination (like the
CAN X2/X4/X8), this setting is ignored.
The inputs will be taken over immediately after clicking the button Save settings
and saved permanently on the AnaGate CAN Gateway. A restart of the device is not
necessary for activation of the settings.
2.4. Advanced settings
On the page CAN Settings the advanced settings of the unit are displayed and can
be changed individually.
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Configuration
Figure 2.4. HTTP interface, CAN settings
Reception timer interval
This value specifies the frequency which is used
to examine if new CAN telegrams are available in
the internal driver buffer. The more frequently this
examination is done, the shorter is the latency of
the re-transmission of the CAN data via ethernet. On
the other hand, its maximum message throughput is
decreased.
The interval is defined in micro seconds, default value
is 3000. To give control immediately to the firmware
after a CAN telegram is received by the CAN driver,
the value 0 has to be set.
The inputs will be taken over immediately after clicking the button Save settings
and saved permanently on the AnaGate CAN Gateway. A restart of the device is not
necessary for activation of the settings.
2.5. Device status
On the page Status the device dependand status information is shown.
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Configuration
Figure 2.5. HTTP interface, Status
TCP Receive
Number of via TCP/UDP received CAN messages (CAN
firmware)
TCP Transmit
Number of via TCP/UDP transmitted CAN messages (CAN
firmware)
CAN Receive
Number of received CAN messages (CAN bus, CAN driver)
CAN Transmit
Number of transmitted CAN messages (CAN bus, CAN driver)
CAN Discard
• Timeout sending CAN telegram (1s)
This indicates that no active partner is connected to the
CAN bus (no ACK received). Also a wrong baud rate or
missing termination can cause this error.
• A CAN telegram received from CAN bus is discared because
the receive buffer is full (600 entries)
This happens when the CAN firmware does not read
telgrams fast enough out of the driver receive buffer. This
may be the case even if CAN telegrams routed via TCP/UPD
can not received fast enough by the connected ethernet
client(PC,PLC) because of load problems (e.g. full receive
TCP buffers).
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Configuration
• The firmware discards outgoing CAN telegrams because
the send buffer is running full (1000 entries)
This happens when CAN telegrams are not sent fast enough
successfully to CAN bus. This may be a resultant problem
of timeouts during transmission or of overloading the CAN
bus concerning the current used baud rate.
CAN Receive Error
Register Rx-Err-Count of the CAN-Transceiver
CAN Transmit Error
Register Tx-Err-Count of the CAN-Transceiver
Network Error
TCP/UPD transmit error (CAN firmware)
After clicking the button Clear all saved diagnosis entries are deleted on the device.
To reset the system counters the device must be switched off.
2.6. Functional extensions based on Lua
On an AnaGate CAN uno it is possible to execute self-created applications with an
installed Lua script interpreter (see [Prog-2013] for a detailed description of all
programming features).
On the page Lua Lua script files can be uploaded to the device and executed locally.
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Configuration
Figure 2.6. HTTP interface, Lua settings
Browse...
Opens a file upload dialog to select a Lua script file.
Upload
Uploads the selected script file to the device.
Clear
Clears the current script file selection.
Boot script
Script file executed on system startup. Via the button Delete
the boot script can be deactivated. Only one boot script is
allowed.
Running script
Displays the currently executing script file. Via the button
Stop the execution can be cancelled.
Available scripts
Displays all scripts which are currently available on the
device.
To start the execution of a script click on the button Start.
Via button Delete a script can be deleted on the device and
via Boot a script can be defined as boot script.
script output area
In this text area the standard output (stdout) of the currently
executing script is displayed. Via the button Clear this text
area can be cleared.
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Configuration
error output area
In this text area the standard error output (stderr) of the
currently executing script is displayed. Via the button Clear
this text area can be cleared.
Tip
The text areas for script and error output are not refreshed automatically.
A manual page reload of the current page refreshes both text areas.
2.7. Digital IO
The desktop and DIN rail case model version of the AnaGate CAN uno are not
implemented identically concerning digital io. There are only 2 inputs and 2 outputs
installed on the DIN rail version, on the desktop modell are 4 inputs and 4 outputs
present.
2.7.1. Pin layout of plug (desktop model)
Over the 10-pole pin row on the back of the AnaGate CAN Gateway four digital inputs
and four digital outputs are led out, which can be used freely. Since the IO's are
electrically isolated from the device, they must be separately supplied via the pins
1 us 2 with a voltage by 3,3V - 24V DC.
Figure 2.7. Pin layout, digital IO plug (desktop model)
2.7.1.1. Connecting the digital inputs
At the inputs IN1 to IN4 any external voltage between VCC and GND can be applied.
As soon as the voltage difference between INx and GND is more than 1.0 V, the
AnaGate CAN Gateway interprets the input as logically HI otherwise LOW.
2.7.1.2. Connecting the digital outputs
The outputs are implemented as open collector drivers. If a output is active, it is
pulled down to GND. In the inactive condition the output is floating.
In principle the maximum current of each individual output is 400mA. For thermal
reasons is the sum of all output currents is limited to 500mA. The outputs not shortcircuit proofed, and must be protected with a pre-resistor.
Warning
The outputs are not short-circuit-safe!
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Configuration
2.7.2. Pin layout of plug (DIN rail model)
Over the 4-pole pin row on the upper connector strip of the AnaGate CAN Gateway
two digital inputs and two digital outputs are led out, which can be used freely.
The IO's are internally power supplied, so they are not electrically isolated from the
AnaGate CAN Gateway.
Figure 2.8. Pin layout, digital IO plug (DIN rail model)
2.7.2.1. Connecting the digital inputs
The inputs IN1 to IN2 are optimized for 24V level. A voltage level greater than 12V
is interpreted as logically HI, a voltage level less than 12V is interpreted as LOW.
-
min
typical
max
VIN high
13V
24V
30V
VIN low
0V
0V
11V
IIN high(@24V)
4,2mA
2.7.2.2. Connecting the digital outputs
The outputs are implemented as open drain outputs. If an output is active, the supply
voltage is switched. The output is potenial-free, if not active.
Warning
The outputs are not short-circuit-safe!
2.8. Factory reset
In order to restore the default factory settings, hold the RESET for approx. 10
seconds. If the device is reset successfully, the yellow LED blinks until the RESET
is released.
The default factory settings are activated immediately without a restart of the device:
IP address
Address type
192.168.1.254
static
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Configuration
Network mask
Gateway
255.255.255.0
192.168.1.1
Important
If the RESET push-button is pressed too briefly, the actual IP address and
network mask is pulsed via the yellow LED (Morse code). A second push
of the RESET terminates the pulsing, the device is not reset.
Note
The factory reset is not possible directly after power on until complete
loading of the operating system and the firmware of the device. This
initialization period is signalled via the yellow activity LED. On power on
the LED is switched on and after initialization the LED is switched off.
Note
Maybe the ARP cache of the PC has to be deleted to find the device with
the changed IP address.
2.8.1. Examining the network settings
It is possible to check the current network settings directly on the device.
After pressing shortly the RESET button the device starts to pulse out the current
n settings via the yellow activity LED. Pressing again the buttons stops the pulsing
immediately.
The IP address and subnet mask are pulsed out, one after the other. Following pulse
codes are used:
• Digits 1, 2, 3, ...., 9: 1x, 2x, ...9x Flashing (200ms delay between each flash)
• Digit 0: 10x flashing (200ms delay between each flash)
• Dot: 1x very fast flash
Between two single digits a delay of 1 seconds is made, and between the IP address
and subnet mask two fast flashes are pulsed out.
Figure 2.9. AnaGate CAN Gateway, Example blinking output
2.9. Firmware update
The device firmware of the AnaGate CAN Gateway is updated via the integrated web
server of the device.
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Configuration
On the home page of the web server the current firmware information is displayed.
Figure 2.10. HTTP interface, AnaGate CAN uno
Proceed please as follows, in order to install the firmware on the AnaGate CAN
Gateway :
• Click Firmware on the left navigation bar to navigate to the Firmware-Upload page.
Figure 2.11. HTTP interface, firmware update
• Select the update package (file extension *.upd) via the Browse button.
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Configuration
• Clicking on the button Upload loads the update file to the device and starts the
update process.
• During the update process several installation messaged are displayed on the
website. If the update is successfully finished, Update done! is displayed.
When the update is finished the browser navigates back to the home page. Check,
if the new firmware version is display here.
Warning
If the firmware could not be flashed correctly on the device, the AnaGate
may not longer ready for operation.
Please visit our web site http://www.anagate.de for further information.
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Chapter 3. Fields of application
If the AnaGate CAN Gateway is connected to the CAN bus, mind the following facts:
• CAN_L: This line has to be connected to the CAN_Low line of the CAN bus.
• CAN_H: This line has to be connected to the CAN_High line of the CAN bus.
• GND: This line can be connected optionally to GND of the other bus devices.
3.1. Gateway mode
In gateway mode the CAN messages are transferred transparently over TCP/IP
between the CAN network and the host platform (e.g. PC) in both directions. The
AnaGate CAN Gateway uses no unique CAN ID when sending telegrams, this ID has
to be set explicitly for each transmitted message.
All CAN messages received by the device are transmitted to all active LAN-connected
host systems. It is possible to discard all incoming messages in general or to set
individual software filters to reduce the message traffic to the host systems.
Figure 3.1. AnaGate CAN Gateway in gateway mode
The AnaGate CAN Gateway can be accessed via the following interfaces:
• The software program CAN Monitor, which is included on the documentation CD,
can be used to monitor a CAN bus or to create single CAN telegrams.
• Application programs which are using the included software API inteface.
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Fields of application
• Self-created batch files which are executed via the included Lua interpreter with
integrated AnaGate software API.
3.2. Bridge mode
In the bridge mode two arbitrary CAN networks can be interconnected by two
AnaGate CAN Gateways. The CAN messages are exchanged transparently over TCP/
IP between the two devices in both directions.
It is possible to mix different AnaGate CAN Gateway models in bridge mode.
Important
It is recommended to use unique CAN identifiers in the interconnected
CAN networks.
Via HTTP interface both AnaGate CAN Gateway are configured as usual.
Subsequently one of the two devices has to be configured for the bridge mode. This
can be done by the page CAN Settings of the web interface (see Section 2.3, “ CAN
settings”). This device acts in a manner of speaking as master and establishes the
network connection to the second device and manages connection control. Basically
a bridge can be created for each existing CAN interface of the device.
Figure 3.2. AnaGate CAN Gateway in bridge mode
The following additional parameters can be set for the device:
• IP address of the partner device, which is to be connected.
• CAN port of the partner device, which is to be connected (see Table A.1, “ Using
AnaGate hardware with firewall ”).
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Fields of application
• The baudrate of the partner device. The baudrate of the parter device is
independant of the own baudrate and has to be configured separatly. So, it is
possible to interconnect networks with different baudrates.
• The internal termination resistor is to be set on/off for the CAN port of the parter
device. On destination devices, which can not software-configure the CAN bus
termination (like the AnaGste CAN X2/X4/X8), this setting is ignored.
When the AnaGate CAN Gateway establishes the connection to the partner device
succesfully, the specified baud rate and integrated termination option is automatically
set on the partner device.
Tip
It is recommended to configure the operational mode of the AnaGate
CAN Gateway, which is connected by the active device, to offline or
normal (together with the valid baud rate). This reduces the risk that
error frames are created on the local CAN network, because of an invalid
configured baud rate during startup phase until the successful established
TCP interconnection.
Figure 3.3. Bridge mode: Setting for device which initiates the
bridge (here AnaGate CAN uno)
Note
On the models with more than one CAN interface, it is possible to
interconnect one CAN interface to another interface of the same device
(this is called internal bridge).
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Fields of application
To interconnect the two CAN interface on a single device, the own IP
address or 127.0.0.1 has to be used. In this case the specified remote
baud rate and termination is used on the interconnected interface.
3.3. CANopen Conformance Test Tool
The CANopen Conformance Test Tool (CCT) is a software tool, which is created
and supported by the CAN in Automation (CiA). It is used by the CiA to certificate
CANopen devices. The Windows tool needs a hardware device to get access to the
CAN bus and a manufacturer-specific application library called COTI.dll.
All CAN ethernet gateways and the CAN USB gateway offered by Analytica GmbH
can be used by the CANopen Conformance Test Tool of the CiA.
To use the AnaGate CAN Gateway with the CCT the AnaGate-COTI extension must be
copied to the installation path of the CCT. The COTI extension files can be find on the
AnaGate CD in the path Tools\COTI. In addition, the configuration file Settings.ini
must be customized. The configuration file must also be placed in the installation
path of the CCT, it can be edited by a standard text editor like Notepad.
The following entries are contained in the file Settings.ini:
[Interface0]
IP=192.168.2.1
Port=0
Example 3.1. Settings.ini
IP
IP-Address of the used AnaGate CAN Gateway.
Default address is 192.168.1.254, this is the standard network address of all
models with Ethernet interface.
Port
Used CAN Port of the AnaGate CAN Gateway.
Following settings are to be used:
Port A,
Port 1
Port=0
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Appendix A. FAQ - Frequently asked
questions
Here is a list of frequently asked questions.
A.1. Common questions
Q:
No network connection (1)
A:
Please check the physical connection to the device first. In general the AnaGate
has to be connected directly to a personal computer or to an active network
component (hub, switch). If the AnaGate device is connected to a personal
computer a cross-wired network cable must be used to connect the device,
otherwise the included network cable is to be used.
The physical interconnection is OK if the yellow link LED turns on when LAN
cable is plugged in. The yellow light stays on until the connection breaks down.
On some hardware models the link LED flickers synchronously to the green
activity LED if there is traffic on the network line.
If the link LED is always off then please check the wiring between the AnaGate
and the hub, switch or the personal computer.
Q:
No network connection (2)
A:
If the link LED indicates a proper Ethernet connection (see previous FAQ) but
you still can't connect to the AnaGate then please try the following:
1.
Check if the AnaGate can be reached via ping. To do so in Windows, open
a command prompt and enter the command ping a.b.c.d, where a.b.c.d
is the device IP address.
2.
In case the AnaGate is unreachable via ping, reset the device to factory
settings. Set the IP address of your PC to 192.168.1.253 and the subnet
mask to 255.255.255.0. Check if the AnaGate can be reached via ping
192.168.1.254.
3.
If the device can be reached via ping then the next step is to try if you can
open a TCP connection to port 5001. Open a Windows command prompt
and enter telnet a.b.c.d 5001, where a.b.c.d is the device IP address. If
this command fails check if a firewall runs on your PC or if there is a packet
filter in the network between your PC and the AnaGate.
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FAQ - Frequently
asked questions
Q:
No network connection after changing the network address
A:
After changing the network address of the AnaGate device via web interface
the device is not longer reachable. The used internet browser displays only an
empty web page, additional error messages are not available.
Please check if your anti-virus software has blocked the new network address.
After changing the network address you are redirected to the new network
address in the browser. Such activity is suspicious for some anti-virus software
so they block the new web page, sometimes even without notification of the
user.
Q:
Connection problems using multiple devices
A:
If multiple devices with identical IP addresses are used in a local area network
at the same time the connections to the devices are not stable. Because of this
behaviour it is necessary to use different IP addresses.
This problem can also occur if devices with identical IP addresses are used not
concurrently but within short intervals. For example this can arise if some new
devices which have the default IP address 192.168.1.254 are configured from
a single PC.
The Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) is used in IPv4 networks to
determine the MAC address of a given IP address. The necessary information
is cached in the ARP table. If there is a wrong entry in the ARP table or even
an entry which is not up-to-date it is not possible to communicate with the
corresponding host.
An entry in the ARP table is deleted if it is not used any more after a short period
time. The time interval used depends on the operating system. On a current
Linux distribution an unused entry is discarded after about 5 minutes. The ARP
cache can be displayed and manipulated with the arp on Windows and Linux.
C:\>arp -a
Schnittstelle: 10.1.2.50 --- 0x2
Internetadresse
Physikal. Adresse
192.168.1.254
00-50-c2-3c-b0-df
Typ
dynamisch
The command arp -d can be used to empty the ARP Cache.
Note
Possibly the ARP cache of the PC has to be deleted if the IP address
of a device is changed.
Q:
Using a firewall
A:
When working with a firewall a TCP port has to be opened for communication
with the AnaGate device:
Device
Port number
AnaGate I2C
5000
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FAQ - Frequently
asked questions
Device
Port number
AnaGate I2C X7
5100, 5200, 5300,
5500, 5600, 5700
AnaGate CAN
5001
AnaGate CAN USB
5001
AnaGate CAN uno
5001
AnaGate CAN duo
5001, 5101
AnaGate CAN quattro
5001, 5101, 5201, 5301
AnaGate CAN X1
5001
AnaGate CAN X2, AnaGate CAN-FD X2
5001, 5101
AnaGate CAN X4, AnaGate CAN-FD X4
5001, 5101, 5201, 5301
AnaGate CAN X8
5001, 5101, 5201, 5301,
5401, 5501, 5601, 5701
AnaGate SPI
5002
AnaGate Renesas
5008
AnaGate Universal Programmer UP/UPP
5000, 5002, 3333, 4444, 20,
21
AnaGate Universal Programmer UPR
5000, 5002,
4444, 20, 21
AnaGate Universal Programmer UP 2.0
5000, 5002, 3333, 4444, 20,
21
5008,
5400,
3333,
Table A.1. Using AnaGate hardware with firewall
A.2. Questions concerning AnaGate CAN
Q:
What is the value of the termination resistor when the termination option of
the device is activated?
A:
The termination resistor of the AnaGate is driven by a FET transistor. The resistor
itself has 110 Ohm while the internal resistance of the FET is 10 Ohm if the FET
is activated. So the resulting resistance is 120 Ohm, as required by the CAN bus.
Q:
Does Analytica offer a CAN gateway which does not have a galvanically isolated
CAN interface?
A:
Any device that is actively connected to a CAN bus should be galvanically
isolated. Especially when using USB-operated devices (like the AnaGate USB)
it is essential to have a galvanically isolated device because the device is power
supplied by the PC.
Q:
How to directly interconnect two CAN ports!
A:
If you want to interconnect two AnaGate CAN just via a direkt link CAN cable,
you have to switch on the internal termination on both AnaGate CAN devices.
A CAN bus network must have a termination on each side.
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FAQ - Frequently
asked questions
Note
it may work with lower baud rates without termination, but it is
recommended to use a termination.
Q:
Receiving a NAK when sending a CAN telegram.
A:
If no CAN partner is connected to the AnaGate CAN (aka the CAN network),
it is not possible to send CAN telegrams. The AnaGate CAN gets a NAK from
the CAN controller. These NAK errors are sent to the AnaGate client via a data
confirmation telegram.
Warning
If data confirmations are switched off no errors are sent to the
client. The option confirmations for data requests can be set via the
CANSetGlobals function. In High Speed Mode data confirmations are
always disabled.
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Appendix B. Technical support
The AnaGate hardware series, software tools and all existing programming interfaces
are developed and supported by Analytica GmbH. Technical support can be requested
as follows:
Internet
The AnaGate web site [http://www.anagate.de/en/index.html] of Analytica GmbH
contains information and software downloads for AnaGate Library users:
• Product updates featuring bug fixes or new features are available here free of
charge.
E-Mail
If you require technical assistance over the Internet please send an e-mail to
<[email protected]>
To help us provide you with the best possible support please keep the following
information and details at hand when you contact our support team.
• Version number of the used programming tool or AnaGate library
• AnaGate hardware series model and firmware version
• Name and version of the operating system you are using
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Abbreviations
I2C
Inter-Integrated Circuit
SCL
Serial Clock Line
SDA
Serial DAta Line
SPI
Serial Peripheral Interface
CLK
Clock
MISO
Master In Slave Out
SS
Slave Select
MOSI
Master Out Slave In
TRST
Test Reset
SRST
Slave Reset
JTAG
Joint Test Action Group
TDI
Test Data Input
TDO
Test Data Output
TMS
Test Mode Select Input
TCK
Test Clock
DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
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© 2007-2014 Analytica GmbH
Bibliography
Books
[LuaRef2006-EN] Roberto Ierusalimschy, Luiz Henrique Figueiredo, and Waldemar Celes.
Copyright © 2006 R. Ierusalimschy, L. H. de Figueiredo, W. Celes. ISBN 85-903798-3-3.
Lua.org. Lua 5.1 Reference Manual.
[LuaProg2006-EN] Roberto Ierusalimschy. Copyright © 2006 Roberto Ierusalimschy, Rio de
Janeiro. ISBN 85-903798-2-5. Lua.org. Programming in Lua (second edition).
[LuaProg2013-EN] Roberto Ierusalimschy. Copyright © 2013 Roberto Ierusalimschy, Rio de
Janeiro. ISBN 85-903798-5-X. Lua.org. Programming in Lua, Third Edition.
Other publications
[NXP-I2C] NXP Semiconductors. Copyright © 2007 NXP Semiconductors. UM10204. I2C-bus
specification and user manual. Rev. 03. 19.06.2007.
[TCP-2010] Analytica GmbH. Copyright © 2010 Analytica GmbH.
communication . Version 1.2.6. 15.05.2008.
[Prog-2013] Analytica GmbH. Copyright © 2013 Analytica GmbH.
Programmer's Manual . Version 2.0. 15.05.2013.
Manual TCP-IP
AnaGate API 2 .
[CiA-DS301] Copyright © 2002 CAN in Automation (CiA) e. V.. CAN in Automation (CiA) e.V..
13.02.2002. Cia 301, CANopen Application Layer and Communication Profile.
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© 2007-2014 Analytica GmbH
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