Chlamydia Ureaplasma M Hominis Real
For in Vitro Diagnostic Use
For Professional Use Only
Сhlamydia trachomatis/Ureaplasma/
M.hominis Real-TM
Handbook
Multiplex Real Time PCR kit for qualitative detection
of Chlamydia trachomatis, Ureaplasma species and
Mycoplasma hominis
REF B43-100FRT
100
Sacace™ Сhlamydia trachomatis/Ureaplasma/M.hominis Real-TM
VER 14.11.2011
NAME
Сhlamydia trachomatis/Ureaplasma/M.hominis Real-TM
INTRODUCTION
STDs (sexually transmitted diseases) refer to a variety of bacterial, viral and parasitic
infections that are acquired through sexual activity. Some STDs, such as syphilis and gonorrhea, have been known for centuries — while others, such as HIV, have been identified
only in the past few decades. STDs are caused by more than 25 infectious organisms. As
more organisms are identified, the number of STDs continues to expand. Common STDs
include: chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes, HIV, HPV, syphilis, gardnerella and trichomoniasis.
The Chlamydia trachomatis is nonmotile, gram-negative bacterial pathogen and is the
most common sexually transmitted bacterial agent. The prevalence of C. trachomatis
infection in sexually active adolescent women, the population considered most at risk,
generally exceeds 10%, and in some adolescent and STD clinic populations of women, the
prevalence can reach 40%. The prevalence of C. trachomatis infection ranges from 4 to
10% in asymptomatic men and from 15 to 20% in men attending STD clinics. Chlamydial
infections in newborns occur as a result of perinatal exposure; approximately 65% of
babies born from infected mothers become infected during vaginal delivery.
The development of tests based on nucleic acid amplification technology has been the
most important advance in the field of STD diagnosis. Because nucleic acid amplification
is exquisitely sensitive and highly specific, it offers the opportunity to use noninvasive
sampling techniques to screen for infections in asymptomatic individuals who would not
ordinarily seek clinical care.
INTENDED USE
Сhlamydia trachomatis/Ureaplasma/M.hominis Real-TM PCR kit is an in vitro nucleic
acid amplification test for multiplex detection of Chlamydia trachomatis, Ureaplasma
(parvum and urealyticum) and Mycoplasma hominis DNA in clinical materials (urogenital,
rectal and pharyngeal swabs; conjunctival discharge; prostate gland secretion; and urine
samples) by using real-time hybridization-fluorescence detection.
The results of PCR analysis are taken into account in complex diagnostics of
disease.
Sacace™ Сhlamydia trachomatis/Ureaplasma/M.hominis Real-TM
VER 14.11.2011
PRINCIPLE OF PCR DETECTION
C.trachomatis / Ureaplasma / M.hominis detection by the multiplex polymerase chain
reaction (PCR) is based on the amplification of pathogen genome specific region using
specific C.trachomatis / Ureaplasma / M.hominis primers. In real-time PCR, the amplified
product is detected using fluorescent dyes. These dyes are linked to oligonucleotide
probes which bind specifically to the amplified product during thermocycling. The real-time
monitoring of the fluorescence intensities during the real-time PCR allows the detection of
accumulating product without re-opening the reaction tubes after the PCR run. Сhlamydia
trachomatis/Ureaplasma/M.hominis Real-TM PCR kit is a qualitative test that contains
the Internal Control (IC). It must be used in the extraction procedure in order to control the
extraction process of each individual sample and to identify possible reaction inhibition.
Сhlamydia trachomatis/Ureaplasma/M.hominis Real-TM PCR kit uses “hot-start”, which
greatly reduces frequency of nonspecifically primed reactions. “Hot-start” is guaranteed by
chemically modified polymerase (TaqF), which is activated by heating at 95 ºC for 15 min.
CONTENT
Reagent
Description
Volume, ml
Quantity
PCR-mix-1-FL C.trachomatis /
Ureaplasma / M.hominis
colorless clear liquid
1.2
1 tube
PCR-mix-2-FRT
colorless clear liquid
0.3
2 tubes
Polymerase (TaqF)
colorless clear liquid
0.03
2 tubes
Positive Control (C+)
colorless clear liquid
0.2
1 tube
DNA-buffer
colorless clear liquid
0.5
1 tube
Negative Control (C–)*
colorless clear liquid
1.2
1 tube
Internal Control-FL (IC)**
colorless clear liquid
1.0
1 tube
*must be used in the extraction procedure as Negative Control of Extraction.
** add 10 µl of Internal Control-FL during the DNA extraction procedure directly to the sample/lysis mixture
(see DNA-sorb-A REF K-1-1/A protocol).
Sacace™ Сhlamydia trachomatis/Ureaplasma/M.hominis Real-TM
VER 14.11.2011
ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS
• DNA extraction kit.
• Transport medium.
• Disposable powder-free gloves.
• Pipettes (adjustable).
• Sterile pipette tips with aerosol barriers up to 200 µl.
• Tube racks.
• Vortex mixer.
• Desktop centrifuge with rotor for 2 ml reaction tubes.
• PCR box.
• Real Time PCR Instrument (for example, Rotor-Gene 6000/Q (Qiagen), iQ5 (BioRad),
Mx3005P (Agilent)
• Disposable polypropylene microtubes for PCR PCR-plate
• Refrigerator for 2–8 °C.
• Deep-freezer for ≤ –16 °C.
• Waste bin for used tips.
QUALITY CONTROL
In accordance with Sacace’s ISO 13485-Certified Quality Management System, each lot is
tested against predetermined specifications to ensure consistent product quality.
PRODUCT USE LIMITATIONS
All reagents may exclusively be used in in vitro diagnostics. Use of this product should be
limited to personnel trained in the techniques of DNA amplification (EN375). Strict
compliance with the user manual is required for optimal PCR results. Attention should be
paid to expiration dates printed on the box and labels of all components. Do not use a kit
after its expiration date.
Sacace™ Сhlamydia trachomatis/Ureaplasma/M.hominis Real-TM
VER 14.11.2011
WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Device
For In Vitro Diagnostic Use Only
1. Wear disposable gloves, laboratory coats and eye protection when handling specimens
and reagents. Thoroughly wash hands afterward.
2. Do not pipette by mouth.
3. Do not eat, drink, smoke, apply cosmetics, or handle contact lenses in laboratory work
areas.
4. Do not use a kit after its expiration date.
5. Dispose of all specimens and unused reagents in accordance with local regulations.
6. Biosafety Level 2 should be used for materials that contain or are suspected of
containing infectious agents.
7. Clean and disinfect all spills of specimens or reagents using a disinfectant such as
0,5% sodium hypochlorite, or other suitable disinfectant.
8. Avoid contact of specimens and reagents with the skin, eyes and mucous membranes.
If these solutions come into contact, rinse immediately with water and seek medical
advice immediately.
9. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) are available on request.
10. Use of this product should be limited to personnel trained in the techniques of DNA
amplification.
11. PCR reactions are sensitive to contamination. Measures to reduce the risk of
contamination in the laboratory include physically separating the activities involved in
performing PCR in compliance with good laboratory practice.
12. Workflow in the laboratory must proceed in a uni-directional manner, beginning in the
Extraction Area and moving to the PCR and Detection Area. Do not return samples,
equipment and reagents in the area where you performed previous step.
Some components of this kit contain sodium azide as a preservative. Do not use
metal tubing for reagent transfer.
Sampling of biological materials for PCR-analysis, transportation, and storage are
described in details in the handbook of the manufacturer. It is recommended that this
handbook is read before beginning of the work.
Sacace™ Сhlamydia trachomatis/Ureaplasma/M.hominis Real-TM
VER 14.11.2011
STORAGE INSTRUCTIONS
All components of the Сhlamydia trachomatis/Ureaplasma/M.hominis Real-TM PCR kit
are to be stored at 2–8 ºC when not in use. All components of the Сhlamydia
trachomatis/Ureaplasma/M.hominis Real-TM PCR kit are to be stable until the
expiration date. The shelf life of reagents before and after the first use is the same, unless
otherwise stated.
PCR-mix-1-FL C.trachomatis / Ureaplasma / M.hominis is to be stored in the
place protected from light.
Polymerase (TaqF) and PCR-mix-2-FRT are to be stored at the temperature
no more than minus 16 °C.
STABILITY
Сhlamydia trachomatis/Ureaplasma/M.hominis Real-TM is stable up to the expiration
date indicated on the kit label. The product will maintain performance through the control
date printed on the label. Exposure to light, heat or humidity may affect the shelf life of
some of the kit components and should be avoided. Repeated thawing and freezing of
these reagents should be avoided, as this may reduce the sensitivity.
SAMPLE COLLECTION, STORAGE AND TRANSPORT
Сhlamydia trachomatis/Ureaplasma/M.hominis Real-TM can analyze DNA extracted
from:
•
cervical, urethral, conjunctival swabs: insert the swab into the nuclease-free 1,5 ml
tube and add 0,2 ml of Transport medium. Vigorously agitate swabs for 15-20 sec.
•
urine sediment : collect 10-20 ml of first-catch urine in a sterile container. Centrifuge
for 30 min at 3000 x g, carefully discard the supernatant and leave about 200 µl of
solution. Resuspend the sediment. Use the suspension for the DNA extraction.
•
prostatic liquid stored in “Eppendorf” tube;
•
seminal liquid: maintain semen for 40 min in darkness until liquefaction. Use 100 µl for
the DNA extraction.
It is recommended to process samples immediately after collection. Store samples at 2–8
°C for no longer than 24 hours, or freeze at –20/80 °C. Transportation of clinical
specimens must comply with country, federal, state and local regulations for the transport
of etiologic agents.
Sacace™ Сhlamydia trachomatis/Ureaplasma/M.hominis Real-TM
VER 14.11.2011
DNA ISOLATION
The following isolation kit is recommended:
⇒ DNA-Sorb-A (Sacace, REF K-1-1/A).
Please carry out the DNA extraction according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Add 10
µl of Internal Control during the DNA isolation procedure directly to the sample/lysis
mixture. (Note: the Sacace Internal Control is the same for all urogenital infectious kits)
REAGENTS PREPARATION (REACTION VOLUME 25 µL):
The total reaction volume is 25 µl, the volume of DNA sample is 10 µl.
1. Prepare the required number of the tubes for amplification of DNA from clinical and
control samples.
2. For carrying out N reactions (including 2 controls), mix in a new tube: 10*(N+1) µl of PCRmix-1-FL C.trachomatis / Ureaplasma / M.hominis, 5.0*(N+1) µl of PCR-mix-2-FRT
and 0.5*(N+1) µl of polymerase (TaqF). Vortex the tube, then centrifuge shortly. Transfer
15 µl of the prepared mixture to each tube.
Unfreeze PCR-mix-2-FRT before mixing.
3. Using tips with aerosol barrier, add 10 µl of DNA obtained from clinical or control
samples at the DNA extraction stage to the prepared tubes.
4. Carry out the control amplification reactions:
NCA
C+
-Add 10 µl of DNA-buffer to the tube labeled NCA (Negative Control of
Amplification).
-Add 10 µl of Positive Control complex to the tube labeled C+ (Positive Control
of Amplification).
Amplification
1. Create a temperature profile on your instrument as follows:
Rotor type instruments
Step
Hold
Temperature,
°С
95
95
60
72
95
Time
Plate or modular type instruments
Cycles
Temperature,
°С
95
95
60
72
95
Time
Cycles
15 min
1
15 min
1
5s
5s
Cycling
20 s
5
20 s
5
15 s
15 s
5s
5s
20 s (fluore30 s (fluore40
60
40
Cycling 2
60
scence detection)
scence detection)
72
15 s
72
15 s
1
For example Rotor-Gene™ 6000/Q (Corbett Research, Qiagen)
2
For example, iQ5™ (BioRad); Mx3005P™ (Agilent), ABI® 7500 Real Time PCR (Applied),
SmartCycler® (Cepheid)
Fluorescence is detected at the 2nd step of Cycling 2 stage (60 °C) in FAM/Green,
JOE/Yellow/HEX/Cy3, ROX/Orange/Texas Red, and Cy5/Red fluorescence channels.
Sacace™ Сhlamydia trachomatis/Ureaplasma/M.hominis Real-TM
VER 14.11.2011
INSTRUMENT SETTINGS
Rotor-type instruments
Channel
Threshold
FAM/Green
JOE/Yellow
Rox/Orange
Cy5/Red
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
More Settings/
Outlier
Removal
0%
5%
5%
5%
Slope Correct
Off
Off
Off
Off
Plate-type instruments
For result analysis, set the threshold line at a level corresponding to 10–20% of the
maximum fluorescence signal obtained for Pos C+ sample during the last amplification
cycle.
DATA ANALYSIS
•
Chlamydia trachomatis DNA amplification product is detected in the FAM/Green
fluorescence channel,
•
Ureaplasma spp. (U.parvum and U.urealyticum) DNA is detected in the
JOE/Yellow/HEX channel,
•
Mycoplasma hominis DNA is detected in the ROX/Orange channel,
•
Internal Control is detected in the Cy5/Red channel.
Sacace™ Сhlamydia trachomatis/Ureaplasma/M.hominis Real-TM
VER 14.11.2011
RESULTS INTERPRETATION
The results are interpreted by the device software by the crossing (or not crossing) of the
fluorescence curve with the threshold line.
The results of the analysis are considered reliable only if the results obtained for Positive
and Negative Controls are correct.
Table 2. Results for controls
Control
Stage for control
C–
NCA
C+
DNA extraction
Amplification
Amplification
Ct channel
FAM/Green,
JOE/Yellow/HEX,
ROX/Orange
Neg
Neg
Pos (< 33)
Ct channel Cy5/Red
Interpretation
Pos (< 33)
Neg
Pos (< 33)
OK
OK
OK
1. The sample is considered to be positive for Chlamydia trachomatis if its Ct value is
defined in the results grid (the fluorescence curve crosses the threshold line) in the
FAM/Green channel.
2. The sample is considered to be positive for Ureaplasma spp. if its Ct value is defined in
the results grid (the fluorescence curve crosses the threshold line) in the
JOE/Yellow/HEX/Cy3 channel.
3. The sample is considered to be positive for Mycoplasma hominis if its Ct value is
defined in the results grid (the fluorescence curve crosses the threshold line) in the
ROX/Orange channel.
4. The sample is considered to be negative for Chlamydia trachomatis, Ureaplasma spp.
and Mycoplasma hominis if its Ct value is not defined in the results grid (the
fluorescence curve does not cross the threshold line) in FAM/Green, JOE/Yellow/HEX
and ROX/Orange channels and in the results grid in the Cy5/Red channel the Ct value
doesn’t exceed boundary value (Ct < 33).
QUALITY CONTROL PROCEDURE
A defined quantity of Internal Control (IC) is introduced into each sample and control at the
beginning of sample preparation procedure in order to control the extraction process of
each individual sample and to identify possible reaction inhibition.
A negative control of extraction (NCE), negative amplification control (NCA), positive
amplification control (C+) are required for every run to verify that the specimen
preparation, the amplification and the detection steps are performed correctly.
If the controls are out of their expected range (see table Results for Controls), all of the
specimens and controls from that run must be processed beginning from the sample
preparation step.
Sacace™ Сhlamydia trachomatis/Ureaplasma/M.hominis Real-TM
VER 14.11.2011
SPECIFICATIONS
Sensitivity
Clinical material
Urogenital swabs
Urine
Nucleic acid
extraction kit
Microorganism
DNA-sorb-A
Chlamydia
trachomatis
Ureaplasma spp.
DNA-sorb-A
Mycoplasma
hominis
Chlamydia
trachomatis
Ureaplasma spp.
Mycoplasma
hominis
Sensitivity,
copies/ml
2
5х10
3
10
3
10
3
10
3
2x10
3
2x10
The analytical sensitivity of each microorganism does not change even if two
other microorganisms are present at high concentrations.
Specificity
The analytical specificity of Сhlamydia trachomatis/Ureaplasma/M.hominis Real-TM
PCR kit is ensured by selection of specific primers and probes as well as stringent reaction
conditions. The primers and probes were checked for possible homologies to all
sequences published in gene banks by sequence comparison analysis.
Nonspecific responses were absent in tests of human DNA samples and DNA of the
following microorganisms: Gardnerella vaginalis, Lactobacillus spp., Escherichia coli,
Staphylococcus spp., Streptococcus spp., Candida albicans, Ureaplasma urealyticum,
Ureaplasma parvum, Mycoplasma genitalium, Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasma
hominis, Neisseria spp., Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Trichomonas vaginalis, Treponema
pallidum, Toxoplasma gondii, HSV types 1 and 2, CMV, and HPV.
Sacace™ Сhlamydia trachomatis/Ureaplasma/M.hominis Real-TM
VER 14.11.2011
TROUBLESHOOTING
1. Weak or no signal of the IC (Cy5 channel) for the Negative Control of extraction.
•
The PCR was inhibited.
⇒ Make sure that you use a recommended DNA extraction method
and follow to the manufacturer’s instructions.
⇒ Re-centrifuge all the tubes before pipetting of the extracted DNA for
2 min at maximum speed (12000-16000 g) and take carefully
supernatant. Don’t disturb the pellet, sorbent inhibit reaction.
•
The reagents storage conditions didn’t comply with the instructions.
⇒ Check the storage conditions
•
The PCR conditions didn’t comply with the instructions.
⇒ Check the PCR conditions and select for the IC detection the
fluorescence channel reported in the protocol.
•
The IC was not added to the sample during the pipetting of reagents.
⇒ Make attention during the DNA extraction procedure.
2. Weak or no signal of the Positive Control.
•
The PCR conditions didn’t comply with the instructions.
⇒ Check the amplification protocol and select the fluorescence
channel reported in the manual.
3. Any signal on Fam(Green), Joe (Yellow)/Hex/Cy3, Rox (Orange)/TexasRed
channels with Negative Control of extraction.
•
Contamination during DNA extraction procedure. All samples results are
invalid.
⇒ Decontaminate
all
surfaces
and
instruments
with
sodium
hypochlorite and ethanol.
⇒ Use only filter tips during the extraction procedure. Change tips
between tubes.
⇒ Repeat the DNA extraction with the new set of reagents.
4. Any signal with Negative Control of PCR (DNA-buffer).
•
Contamination during PCR preparation procedure. All samples results are
invalid.
⇒ Decontaminate
all
surfaces
and
instruments
with
sodium
hypochlorite and ethanol or special DNA decontamination reagents.
⇒ Pipette the Positive control at last.
⇒ Repeat the PCR preparation with the new set of reagents.
Sacace™ Сhlamydia trachomatis/Ureaplasma/M.hominis Real-TM
VER 14.11.2011
KEY TO SYMBOLS USED
List Number
Caution!
Lot Number
Contains sufficient
for <n> tests
For in Vitro Diagnostic
Use
Version
Store at
NCA
Negative Control of
Amplification
Manufacturer
C–
Negative control of
Extraction
Consult instructions for
use
C+
Positive Control of
Amplification
Expiration Date
IC
Internal Control
REFERENCES
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Role of Chlamydia trachomatis in Miscarriage. Baud D, Goy G, Jaton K, Osterheld MC, Blumer S, Borel N, Vial Y, Hohlfeld P,
Pospischil A, Greub G. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011 Sep;17(9):1630-5.
Molecular Diagnosis of Genital Chlamydia trachomatis Infection by Polymerase Chain Reaction. Khan ER, Hossain MA, Paul
SK, Mahmud MC, Rahman MM, Alam MA, Hasan MM, Mahmud NU, Nahar K. Mymensingh Med J. 2011 Jul;20(3):362-5.
Chlamydia trachomatis prevalence in unselected infertile couples.Salmeri M, Santanocita A, Toscano MA, Morello A, Valenti
D, La Vignera S, Bellanca S, Vicari E, Calogero AE. Syst Biol Reprod Med. 2010 Dec;56(6):450-6. Epub 2010 Sep 17.
Urine-based testing for Chlamydia trachomatis among young adults in a population-based survey in Croatia: feasibility and
prevalence. Božičević I, Grgić I, Židovec-Lepej S, Čakalo JI, Belak-Kovačević S, Štulhofer A, Begovac J. BMC Public Health.
2011 Apr 14;11:230.
Frequency of Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Mycoplasma genitalium, Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma
species in cervical samples. Rodrigues MM, Fernandes PÁ, Haddad JP, Paiva MC, Souza Mdo C, Andrade TC, Fernandes
AP. J Obstet Gynaecol. 2011;31(3):237-41.
Chlamydia trachomatis prevalence in unselected infertile couples. Salmeri M, Santanocita A, Toscano MA, Morello A, Valenti
D, La Vignera S, Bellanca S, Vicari E, Calogero AE. Syst Biol Reprod Med. 2010 Dec;56(6):450-6. Epub 2010 Sep 17.
Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis: results from the first national population-based survey in France. Goulet V, de
Barbeyrac B, Raherison S, Prudhomme M, Semaille C, Warszawski J; CSF group. Sex Transm Infect. 2010 Aug;86(4):263
*iQ5™ is a registered trademark of Bio-Rad Laboratories
* Rotor-Gene™ Technology is a registered trademark of Qiagen
* MX3005P® is a registered trademark of Agilent Technologies
*ABI® is a registered trademark of Applied Biosystems
Sacace Biotechnologies Srl
via Scalabrini, 44 – 22100 – Como – Italy Tel +390314892927 Fax +390314892926
mail: [email protected] web: www.sacace.com
Sacace™ Сhlamydia trachomatis/Ureaplasma/M.hominis Real-TM
VER 14.11.2011
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