Shark 100-S Submeter User Manual V.1.11r

Shark 100-S Submeter User Manual V.1.11r
Shark100-S
Electronic Submeter with Advanced WIFI Ethernet Capability
Installation & Operation Manual
Revision 1.11
August 3, 2009
Doc #: E145721 V1.11
e
Electro Industries/GaugeTech
1800 Shames Drive
Westbury, New York 11590
Tel: 516-334-0870 X Fax: 516-338-4741
[email protected] X www.electroind.com
“The Leader in Power Monitoring and Control”
e Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc # E145721
Shark® 100-S Submeter
User Manual
Version 1.10
Published by:
Electro Industries/GaugeTech
1800 Shames Drive
Westbury, NY 11590
All rights reserved. No part of this
publication may be reproduced or
transmitted in any form or by any
means, electronic or mechanical,
including photocopying, recording,
or information storage or retrieval
systems or any future forms of
duplication, for any purpose other
than the purchaser’s use, without the
expressed written permission of
Electro Industries/GaugeTech.
© 2009
Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Shark® is a registered trademark of
Electro Industries/Gauge Tech.
Printed in the United States ofAmerica.
e Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc # E145721
i
Customer Service and Support
Customer support is available 9:00 am to 4:30 pm, eastern standard time, Monday through Friday.
Please have the model, serial number and a detailed problem description available. If the problem
concerns a particular reading, please have all meter readings available. When returning any merchandise
to EIG, a return authorization number is required. For customer or technical assistance, repair or
calibration, phone 516-334-0870 or fax 516-338-4741.
Product Warranty
Electro Industries/GaugeTech warrants all products to be free from defects in material and workmanship
for a period of four years from the date of shipment. During the warranty period, we will, at our option,
either repair or replace any product that proves to be defective.
To exercise this warranty, fax or call our customer-service department. You will receive prompt
assistance and return instructions. Send the instrument, transportation prepaid, to EIG at 1800 Shames
Drive, Westbury, NY 11590. Repairs will be made and the instrument will be returned.
Limitation of Warranty
This warranty does not apply to defects resulting from unauthorized modification, misuse, or use for any
reason other than electrical power monitoring.
Our products are not to be used for Primary Over-Current Protection. Any protection feature in our
products is to be used for Alarm or Secondary Protection only.
THIS WARRANTY IS IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. ELECTRO INDUSTRIES/GAUGETECH
SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES ARISING FROM ANY AUTHORIZED OR UNAUTHORIZED USE OF ANY
ELECTRO INDUSTRIES/GAUGETECH PRODUCT. LIABILITY SHALL BE LIMITED
TO THE ORIGINAL COST OF THE PRODUCT SOLD.
Statement of Calibration
Our instruments are inspected and tested in accordance with specifications published by Electro
Industries/GaugeTech. The accuracy and a calibration of our instruments are traceable to the National
Institute of Standards and Technology through equipment that is calibrated at planned intervals by
comparison to certified standards.
Disclaimer
The information presented in this publication has been carefully checked for reliability; however, no
responsibility is assumed for inaccuracies. The information contained in this document is subject to
change without notice.
e Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc # E145721
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About Electro Industries/GaugeTech
History
Founded in 1973 by engineer and inventor Dr. Samuel Kagan, Electro Industries/GaugeTech changed the
face of power monitoring forever with its first breakthrough innovation: an affordable, easy-to-use AC
power meter. A few of our many Technology Firsts include:
1978: First microprocessor-based power monitor
1986: First PC-based power monitoring software for plant-wide power distribution analysis
1994: First 1 Meg Memory high performance power monitor for data analysis and recording
1999: NexusTM Series generation power monitoring with industry-leading accuracy
2000: First low profile socket meter with advanced features for utility deregulation
Today
Over thirty years later, Electro Industries/GaugeTech, the leader in Web-Accessed Power Monitoring,
continues to revolutionize the industry with the highest quality, cutting edge power monitoring and
control technology on the market today. An ISO 9001:2000 certified company, EIG sets the standard for
web-accessed power monitoring, advanced power quality, revenue metering, artificial intelligence
reporting, industrial submetering and substation data acquisition and control. EIG’s products can be
found on site at virtually all of today’s leading manufacturers, industrial giants and utilities.
World Leader
In fact, EIG products are used globally and EIG is accepted as the world leader in power monitoring and
metering technology. With direct offices in the United States, Turkey, Brazil, Mexico, Guatemala,
Croatia and the Phillipines, EIG support is available in most regions around the world. Our worldwide
support, advanced technology and quality manufacturing standards make EIG the superior choice when
dependable, reliable service is paramount.
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Table of Contents
EIG Warranty
ii
Chapter 1: Three-Phase Power Measurement
1.1: Three-Phase System Configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
1.1.1: Wye Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
1.1.2: Delta Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
1.1.3: Blondell’s Theorem and Three Phase Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
1.2: Power, Energy and Demand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
1.3: Reactive Energy and Power Factor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8
1.4: Harmonic Distortion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
1.5: Power Quality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
Chapter 2: Shark® 100-S Submeter Overview and Specifications
2.1:
Hardware Overview . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1.1: Voltage Inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1.2: Model Number plus Option Numbers . . . . .
2.1.3: V-SwitchΤΜ Technology . . . . . . . . . .
2.1.4: Measured Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1.5: Utility Peak Demand . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.2:
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3:
Compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.4:
Accuracy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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. 2-1
. 2-2
. 2-2
. 2-2
. 2-3
. 2-3
. 2-4
. 2-6
. 2-6
Chapter 3: Mechanical Installation
3.1:
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
3.2:
Install the Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
3.3:
Secure the Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Chapter 4: Electrical Installation
4.1:
Considerations When Installing Meters
4.2:
Voltage and Power Supply Connections
4.3:
Ground Connections . . . . . . . .
4.4:
Voltage Fuses . . . . . . . . . . .
4.5:
Electrical Connection Diagrams . . .
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. 4-1
. 4-2
. 4-2
. 4-2
. 4-3
Chapter 5: Communication Installation
5.1:
Shark® 100-S Meter Communication . . . . . .
5.1.1: IrDA Port (Com 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.1.1.1: USB to IrDA Adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.1.1.2: USB to IrDA Adapter Installation Steps . . . . . .
5.1.2: RS-485 Communication Com 2 (485 Option) . . .
5.1.3: KYZ Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.1.4: Ethernet Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2:
Meter Communication and Programming Overview
5.2.1: How to Connect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2.2: Shark® Meter Profile Settings . . . . . . . . .
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. 5-1
. 5-1
. 5-2
. 5-2
. 5-3
. 5-4
. 5-5
. 5-6
. 5-6
. 5-7
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v
Chapter 6: Ethernet Configuration
6.1: Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.2: Factory Default Settings . . . . . . .
6.2:1 Modbus/TCP to RTU Bridge Setup . .
6.3.: Configure Network Module . . . . .
6.3.1: Configuration Requirements . . . . .
6.3.2: Configuring the Ethernet Adapter . . .
6.3.3: Detailed Configuration Parameters . .
6.3.4: Setup Details . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.3.4.1: Encryption Key . . . . . . . . . .
6.4.: Network Module Hardware Initialization
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. 6-1
. 6-2
. 6-2
. 6-3
. 6-3
. 6-3
. 6-5
. 6-6
. 6-8
. 6-9
Chapter 7: Using the Meter
7.1: Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.1.1: Submeter Face Elements . . . . . . . .
7.1.2: Submeter Face Buttons . . . . . . . . .
7.2: % of Load Bar . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.3: Watt-Hour Accuracy Testing (Verification)
7.3.1: KYZ Pulse Constants . . . . . . . . .
7.4: Upgrade the Submeter Using V-Switches .
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. 7-1
. 7-1
. 7-1
. 7-2
. 7-3
. 7-3
. 7-4
Chapter 8: Configuring the Shark® 100-S Meter Using the Front Panel
8.1: Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
8.2: Start Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
8.3: Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2
8.3.1: Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2
8.3.2: Reset Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2
8.3.2.1: Enter Password (ONLY IF ENABLED IN SOFTWARE) . . . . . . . . . . 8-3
8.3.3: Configuration Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
8.3.3.1: Configure Scroll Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
8.3.3.2: Program Configuration Mode Screens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-5
8.3.3.3: Configure CT Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-6
8.3.3.4: Configure PT Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
8.3.3.5: Configure Connection (Cnct) Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-8
8.3.3.6: Configure Communication Port Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-9
8.3.4: Operating Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-10
Appendix A: Shark® 100-S Meter Navigation Maps
A.1: Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-1
A.2: Navigation Maps (Sheets 1 to 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-1
Main Menu Screens (Sheet 1)
Operating Mode Screens (Sheet 2)
Reset Mode Screens (Sheet 3)
Configuration Mode Screens (Sheet 4)
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Appendix B: Modbus Mapping for Shark® 100-S Submeter
B.1: Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B.2: Modbus Register Map Sections . . . . . .
B.3: Data Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B.4: Floating Point Values . . . . . . . . . . .
B.5: Modbus Register Map (MM-1 to MM-8) . .
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. B-1
. B-1
. B-1
. B-2
. B-2
Appendix C: DNP Mapping for Shark® 100-S Submeter
C.1: Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-1
C.2: DNP Mapping (DNP-1 to DNP-2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-1
Appendix D: DNP Protocol Assignments for Shark® 100-S Submeter
D.1: DNP Implementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-1
D.2: Data Link Layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-1
D.3: Transport Layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-2
D.4: Application Layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-2
D.4.1: Object and Variation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-3
D.4.1.1: Binary Output Status (Obj. 10, Var. 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-3
D.4.1.2: Control Relay Output Block (Obj. 12, Var. 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-4
D.4.1.3: 32-Bit Binary Counter Without Flag (Obj. 20, Var. 5) . . . . . . . . . . . D-5
D.4.1.4: 16-Bit Analog Input Without Flag (Obj. 30, Var. 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . D-6
D.4.1.5: Class 0 Data (Obj. 60, Var. 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-10
D.4.1.6: Internal Indications (Obj. 80, Var. 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-10
Appendix E: Using the USB to IrDA Adapter
E.1: Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E-1
E.2: Installation Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E-1
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e Electro Industries/GaugeTech
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Chapter 1
Three-P
Phase Power Measurement
This introduction to three-phase power and power measurement is intended to provide only a brief
overview of the subject. The professional meter engineer or meter technician should refer to more
advanced documents such as the EEI Handbook for Electricity Metering and the application standards
for more in-depth and technical coverage of the subject.
1.1: Three-P
Phase System Configurations
Three-phase power is most commonly used in situations where large amounts of power will be used
because it is a more effective way to transmit the power and because it provides a smoother delivery
of power to the end load. There are two commonly used connections for three-phase power, a wye
connection or a delta connection. Each connection has several different manifestations in actual use.
When attempting to determine the type of connection in use, it is a good practice to follow the
circuit back to the transformer that is serving the circuit. It is often not possible to conclusively
determine the correct circuit connection simply by counting the wires in the service or checking
voltages. Checking the transformer connection will provide conclusive evidence of the circuit
connection and the relationships between the phase voltages and ground.
1.1.1: Wye Connection
Q
The wye connection is so called because when you look at the phase relationships and the winding
relationships between the phases it looks like a wye (Y). Fig. 1.1 depicts the winding relationships
for a wye-connected service. In a wye service the neutral (or center point of the wye) is typically
grounded. This leads to common voltages of 208/120 and 480/277 (where the first number represents
the phase-to-phase voltage and the second number represents the phase-to-ground voltage).
Phase B
Phase C
Phase A
Figure 1.1: Three-Phase Wye Winding
Q
The three voltages are separated by 120o electrically. Under balanced load conditions with unity
power factor the currents are also separated by 120o. However, unbalanced loads and other
conditions can cause the currents to depart from the ideal 120o separation.
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1-1
Three-phase voltages and currents are usually represented with a phasor diagram. A phasor diagram
for the typical connected voltages and currents is shown in Figure 1.2.
Fig 1.2: Phasor diagram showing Three-phase Voltages and Currents
Q
The phasor diagram shows the 120o angular separation between the phase voltages. The phase-tophase voltage in a balanced three-phase wye system is 1.732 times the phase-to-neutral voltage. The
center point of the wye is tied together and is typically grounded. Table 1.1 shows the common
voltages used in the United States for wye-connected systems.
Phase-to-Ground Voltage
Phase-to-Phase Voltage
120 volts
208 volts
277 volts
480 volts
2,400 volts
4,160 volts
7,200 volts
12,470 volts
7,620 volts
13,200 volts
Table 1.1: Common Phase Voltages on Wye Services
Q
Usually a wye-connected service will have four wires; three wires for the phases and one for the
neutral. The three-phase wires connect to the three phases (as shown in Fig. 1.1). The neutral wire
is typically tied to the ground or center point of the wye (refer to Figure 1.1).
In many industrial applications the facility will be fed with a four-wire wye service but only three
wires will be run to individual loads. The load is then often referred to as a delta-connected load but
the service to the facility is still a wye service; it contains four wires if you trace the circuit back
to its source (usually a transformer). In this type of connection the phase to ground voltage will be
the phase-to-ground voltage indicated in Table 1.1, even though a neutral or ground wire is not
physically present at the load. The transformer is the best place to determine the circuit connection
type because this is a location where the voltage reference to ground can be conclusively identified.
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Doc # E145721
1-2
1.1.2: Delta Connection
Q
Delta connected services may be fed with either three wires or four wires. In a three-phase delta
service the load windings are connected from phase-to-phase rather than from phase-to-ground.
Figure 1.3 shows the physical load connections for a delta service.
Phase C
Phase A
Phase B
Figure 1.3: Three-Phase Delta Winding Relationship
In this example of a delta service, three wires will transmit the power to the load. In a true delta
service, the phase-to-ground voltage will usually not be balanced because the ground is not at the
center of the delta.
Fig. 1.4 shows the phasor relationships between voltage and current on a three-phase delta circuit.
In many delta services, one corner of the delta is grounded. This means the phase to ground voltage
will be zero for one phase and will be full phase-to-phase voltage for the other two phases. This is
done for protective purposes.
Vca
Ic
Vbc
Ia
Ib
Vab
Figure 1.4: Phasor diagram showing three-phase voltages, currents delta connected.
Q
Another common delta connection is the four-wire, grounded delta used for lighting loads. In this
connection the center point of one winding is grounded. On a 120/240 volt, four-wire, grounded
delta service the phase-to-ground voltage would be 120 volts on two phases and 208 volts on the
third phase. Figure 1.5 shows the phasor diagram for the voltages in a three-phase, four-wire delta
system.
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Doc # E145721
1-3
Fig 1.5: Phasor diagram showing Three-phase, Four-wire Delta Connected System
1.1.3: Blondell’s Theorem and Three Phase Measurement
In 1893 an engineer and mathematician named Andre E. Blondell set forth the first scientific basis
for poly phase metering. His theorem states:
Q
If energy is supplied to any system of conductors through N wires, the total power in the system is
given by the algebraic sum of the readings of N wattmeters so arranged that each of the N wires
contains one current coil, the corresponding potential coil being connected between that wire and
some common point. If this common point is on one of the N wires, the measurement may be made
by the use of N-1 wattmeters.
The theorem may be stated more simply, in modern language:
Q
In a system of N conductors, N-1 meter elements will measure the power or energy taken provided
that all the potential coils have a common tie to the conductor in which there is no current coil.
Q
Three-phase power measurement is accomplished by measuring the three individual phases and
adding them together to obtain the total three phase value. In older analog meters, this
measurement was accomplished using up to three separate elements. Each element combined the
single-phase voltage and current to produce a torque on the meter disk. All three elements were
arranged around the disk so that the disk was subjected to the combined torque of the three elements.
As a result the disk would turn at a higher speed and register power supplied by each of the three
wires.
Q
According to Blondell's Theorem, it was possible to reduce the number of elements under certain
conditions. For example, a three-phase, three-wire delta system could be correctly measured with
two elements (two potential coils and two current coils) if the potential coils were connected
between the three phases with one phase in common.
In a three-phase, four-wire wye system it is necessary to use three elements. Three voltage coils are
connected between the three phases and the common neutral conductor. A current coil is required in
each of the three phases.
Q
In modern digital meters, Blondell's Theorem is still applied to obtain proper metering. The
difference in modern meters is that the digital meter measures each phase voltage and current and
calculates the single-phase power for each phase. The meter then sums the three phase powers to a
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single three-phase reading.
Some digital meters calculate the individual phase power values one phase at a time. This means the
meter samples the voltage and current on one phase and calculates a power value. Then it samples the
second phase and calculates the power for the second phase. Finally, it samples the third phase and
calculates that phase power. After sampling all three phases, the meter combines the three readings to
create the equivalent three-phase power value. Using mathematical averaging techniques, this method
can derive a quite accurate measurement of three-phase power.
More advanced meters actually sample all three phases of voltage and current simultaneously and
calculate the individual phase and three-phase power values. The advantage of simultaneous sampling
is the reduction of error introduced due to the difference in time when the samples were taken.
C
Phase B
B
Phase C
Node “n”
A
Phase A
N
Figure 1.6:
Three-Phase Wye Load illustrating Kirchhoff’s Law
and Blondell’s Theorem
Blondell's Theorem is a derivation that results from Kirchhoff's Law. Kirchhoff's Law states that the
sum of the currents into a node is zero. Another way of stating the same thing is that the current into a
node (connection point) must equal the current out of the node. The law can be applied to measuring
three-phase loads. Figure 1.6 shows a typical connection of a three-phase load applied to a threephase, four-wire service. Krichhoff's Laws hold that the sum of currents A, B, C and N must equal zero
or that the sum of currents into Node "n" must equal zero.
If we measure the currents in wires A, B and C, we then know the current in wire N by Kirchhoff's
Law and it is not necessary to measure it. This fact leads us to the conclusion of Blondell's Theorem
that we only need to measure the power in three of the four wires if they are connected by a common
node. In the circuit of Figure 1.6 we must measure the power flow in three wires. This will require
three voltage coils and three current coils (a three element meter). Similar figures and conclusions
could be reached for other circuit configurations involving delta-connected loads.
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1.2: Power, Energy and Demand
Q
It is quite common to exchange power, energy and demand without differentiating between the
three. Because this practice can lead to confusion, the differences between these three
measurements will be discussed.
Q
Power is an instantaneous reading. The power reading provided by a meter is the present flow of
watts. Power is measured immediately just like current. In many digital meters, the power value is
actually measured and calculated over a one second interval because it takes some amount of time to
calculate the RMS values of voltage and current. But this time interval is kept small to preserve the
instantaneous nature of power.
Q
Energy is always based on some time increment; it is the integration of power over a defined time
increment. Energy is an important value because almost all electric bills are based, in part, on the
amount of energy used.
Q
Typically, electrical energy is measured in units of kilowatt-hours (kWh). A kilowatt-hour
represents a constant load of one thousand watts (one kilowatt) for one hour. Stated another way, if
the power delivered (instantaneous watts) is measured as 1,000 watts and the load was served for a
one hour time interval then the load would have absorbed one kilowatt-hour of energy. A different
load may have a constant power requirement of 4,000 watts. If the load were served for one hour it
would absorb four kWh. If the load were served for 15 minutes it would absorb ¼ of that total or
one kWh.
Q
Figure 1.7 shows a graph of power and the resulting energy that would be transmitted as a result of
the illustrated power values. For this illustration, it is assumed that the power level is held constant
for each minute when a measurement is taken. Each bar in the graph will represent the power load
for the one-minute increment of time. In real life the power value moves almost constantly.
Q
The data from Figure 1.7 is reproduced in Table 2 to illustrate the calculation of energy. Since the
time increment of the measurement is one minute and since we specified that the load is constant
over that minute, we can convert the power reading to an equivalent consumed energy reading by
multiplying the power reading times 1/60 (converting the time base from minutes to hours).
Kilowatts
100
80
60
40
20
Time (minutes) Æ
Figure 1.7: Power use over time
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Time Interval
(Minute)
Power (kW)
Energy (kWh)
Accumulated
Energy (kWh)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
30
50
40
55
60
60
70
70
60
70
80
50
50
70
80
0.50
0.83
0.67
0.92
1.00
1.00
1.17
1.17
1.00
1.17
1.33
0.83
0.83
1.17
1.33
0.50
1.33
2.00
2.92
3.92
4.92
6.09
7.26
8.26
9.43
10.76
12.42
12.42
13.59
14.92
Table 1.2: Power and energy relationship over time
As in Table 1.2, the accumulated energy for the power load profile of Figure 1.7 is 14.92 kWh.
Q
Demand is also a time-based value. The demand is the average rate of energy use over time. The
actual label for demand is kilowatt-hours/hour but this is normally reduced to kilowatts. This makes
it easy to confuse demand with power. But demand is not an instantaneous value. To calculate
demand it is necessary to accumulate the energy readings (as illustrated in Figure 1.7) and adjust the
energy reading to an hourly value that constitutes the demand.
In the example, the accumulated energy is 14.92 kWh. But this measurement was made over a
15-minute interval. To convert the reading to a demand value, it must be normalized to a 60-minute
interval. If the pattern were repeated for an additional three 15-minute intervals the total energy
would be four times the measured value or 59.68 kWh. The same process is applied to calculate the
15-minute demand value. The demand value associated with the example load is 59.68 kWh/hr or
59.68 kWd. Note that the peak instantaneous value of power is 80 kW, significantly more than the
demand value.
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Q
Figure 1.8 shows another example of energy and demand. In this case, each bar represents the
energy consumed in a 15-minute interval. The energy use in each interval typically falls between 50
and 70 kWh. However, during two intervals the energy rises sharply and peaks at 100 kWh in
interval number 7. This peak of usage will result in setting a high demand reading. For each interval
shown the demand value would be four times the indicated energy reading. So interval 1 would have
an associated demand of 240 kWh/hr. Interval 7 will have a demand value of 400 kWh/hr. In the
data shown, this is the peak demand value and would be the number that would set the demand
charge on the utility bill.
Kilowatt-hours
100
80
60
40
20
Intervals Æ
Figure 1.8: Energy use and demand
Q
As can be seen from this example, it is important to recognize the relationships between power,
energy and demand in order to control loads effectively or to monitor use correctly.
1.3: Reactive Energy and Power Factor
Q
The real power and energy measurements discussed in the previous section relate to the quantities
that are most used in electrical systems. But it is often not sufficient to only measure real power and
energy. Reactive power is a critical component of the total power picture because almost all real-life
applications have an impact on reactive power. Reactive power and power factor concepts relate to
both load and generation applications. However, this discussion will be limited to analysis of
reactive power and power factor as they relate to loads. To simplify the discussion, generation will
not be considered.
Q
Real power (and energy) is the component of power that is the combination of the voltage and the
value of corresponding current that is directly in phase with the voltage. However, in actual practice
the total current is almost never in phase with the voltage. Since the current is not in phase with the
voltage, it is necessary to consider both the inphase component and the component that is at
quadrature (angularly rotated 90o or perpendicular) to the voltage. Figure 1.9 shows a single-phase
voltage and current and breaks the current into its in-phase and quadrature components.
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IR
IX
V
I
Angle θ
Figure 1.9: Voltage and complex current
Q
The voltage (V) and the total current (I) can be combined to calculate the apparent power or VA.
The voltage and the in-phase current (IR) are combined to produce the real power or watts. The voltage and the quadrature current (IX) are combined to calculate the reactive power.
The quadrature current may be lagging the voltage (as shown in Figure 1.9) or it may lead the
voltage. When the quadrature current lags the voltage the load is requiring both real power (watts)
and reactive power (VARs). When the quadrature current leads the voltage the load is requiring real
power (watts) but is delivering reactive power (VARs) back into the system; that is VARs are
flowing in the opposite direction of the real power flow.
Q
Reactive power (VARs) is required in all power systems. Any equipment that uses magnetization to
operate requires VARs. Usually the magnitude of VARs is relatively low compared to the real power
quantities. Utilities have an interest in maintaining VAR requirements at the customer to a low value
in order to maximize the return on plant invested to deliver energy. When lines are carrying VARs,
they cannot carry as many watts. So keeping the VAR content low allows a line to carry its full
capacity of watts. In order to encourage customers to keep VAR requirements low, most utilities
impose a penalty if the VAR content of the load rises above a specified value.
A common method of measuring reactive power requirements is power factor. Power factor can be
defined in two different ways. The more common method of calculating power factor is the ratio of
the real power to the apparent power. This relationship is expressed in the following formula:
Total PF = real power / apparent power = watts/VA
This formula calculates a power factor quantity known as Total Power Factor. It is called Total PF
because it is based on the ratios of the power delivered. The delivered power quantities will include
the impacts of any existing harmonic content. If the voltage or current includes high levels of
harmonic distortion the power values will be affected. By calculating power factor from the power
values, the power factor will include the impact of harmonic distortion. In many cases this is the
preferred method of calculation because the entire impact of the actual voltage and current are
included.
A second type of power factor is Displacement Power Factor. Displacement PF is based on the
angular relationship between the voltage and current. Displacement power factor does not consider
the magnitudes of voltage, current or power. It is solely based on the phase angle differences. As a
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result, it does not include the impact of harmonic distortion. Displacement power factor is calculated
using the following equation:
Displacement PF = cos θ,
where θ is the angle between the voltage and the current (see Fig. 1.9).
In applications where the voltage and current are not distorted, the Total Power Factor will equal the
Displacement Power Factor. But if harmonic distortion is present, the two power factors will not be
equal.
1.4: Harmonic Distortion
Q
Harmonic distortion is primarily the result of high concentrations of non-linear loads. Devices such
as computer power supplies, variable speed drives and fluorescent light ballasts make current
demands that do not match the sinusoidal waveform of AC electricity. As a result, the current
waveform feeding these loads is periodic but not sinusoidal. Figure 1.10 shows a normal, sinusoidal
current waveform. This example has no distortion.
A Phase Current
1500
1000
500
0
-500
1
33
65
-1000
-1500
Figure 1.10: Non-distorted current waveform
Q
Figure 1.11 shows a current waveform with a slight amount of harmonic distortion. The waveform is
still periodic and is fluctuating at the normal 60 Hz frequency. However, the waveform is not a
smooth sinusoidal form as seen in Figure 1.10.
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Total A Phase Current with Harmonics
1500
1000
500
0
-500
1
33
65
-1000
-1500
Figure 1.11: Distorted current wave
Q
The distortion observed in Figure 1.11 can be modeled as the sum of several sinusoidal waveforms
of frequencies that are multiples of the fundamental 60 Hz frequency. This modeling is performed
by mathematically disassembling the distorted waveform into a collection of higher frequency
waveforms. These higher frequency waveforms are referred to as harmonics. Figure 1.12 shows the
content of the harmonic frequencies that make up the distortion portion of the waveform in Figure
1.11.
Expanded Harm onic Currents
250
200
150
100
39
37
35
33
31
29
27
25
23
21
19
17
15
13
9
7
5
11
-50
3
0
1
Amps
50
-100
-150
-200
-250
2 Harmonic Current
3 Harmonic Current
7 Harmonic Current
A Current Total Hrm
5 Harmonic Current
Figure 1.12: Waveforms of the harmonics
The waveforms shown in Figure 1.12 are not smoothed but do provide an indication of the impact of
combining multiple harmonic frequencies together.
When harmonics are present it is important to remember that these quantities are operating at higher
frequencies. Therefore, they do not always respond in the same manner as 60 Hz values.
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Q
Inductive and capacitive impedance are present in all power systems. We are accustomed to thinking
about these impedances as they perform at 60 Hz. However, these impedances are subject to
frequency variation.
XL = jωL
and
XC = 1/jωC
At 60 Hz, ω = 377; but at 300 Hz (5th harmonic) ω = 1,885. As frequency changes impedance
changes and system impedance characteristics that are normal at 60 Hz may behave entirely
different in presence of higher order harmonic waveforms.
Traditionally, the most common harmonics have been the low order, odd frequencies, such as the
3rd, 5th, 7th, and 9th. However newer, non-linear loads are introducing significant quantities of
higher order harmonics.
Q
Since much voltage monitoring and almost all current monitoring is performed using instrument
transformers, the higher order harmonics are often not visible. Instrument transformers are designed
to pass 60 Hz quantities with high accuracy. These devices, when designed for accuracy at low
frequency, do not pass high frequencies with high accuracy; at frequencies above about 1200 Hz
they pass almost no information. So when instrument transformers are used, they effectively filter
out higher frequency harmonic distortion making it impossible to see.
Q
However, when monitors can be connected directly to the measured circuit (such as direct
connection to 480 volt bus) the user may often see higher order harmonic distortion. An important
rule in any harmonics study is to evaluate the type of equipment and connections before drawing a
conclusion. Not being able to see harmonic distortion is not the same as not having harmonic
distortion.
Q
It is common in advanced meters to perform a function commonly referred to as waveform capture.
Waveform capture is the ability of a meter to capture a present picture of the voltage or current
waveform for viewing and harmonic analysis. Typically a waveform capture will be one or two
cycles in duration and can be viewed as the actual waveform, as a spectral view of the harmonic
content, or a tabular view showing the magnitude and phase shift of each harmonic value. Data
collected with waveform capture is typically not saved to memory. Waveform capture is a real-time
data collection event.
Waveform capture should not be confused with waveform recording that is used to record multiple
cycles of all voltage and current waveforms in response to a transient condition.
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1.5: Power Quality
Q
Power quality can mean several different things. The terms ‘power quality’ and ‘power quality
problem’ have been applied to all types of conditions. A simple definition of ‘power quality
problem’ is any voltage, current or frequency deviation that results in mis-operation or failure of
customer equipment or systems. The causes of power quality problems vary widely and may
originate in the customer equipment, in an adjacent customer facility or with the utility.
In his book “Power Quality Primer”, Barry Kennedy provided information on different types of
power quality problems. Some of that information is summarized in Table 1.3 below.
Cause
Disturbance Type
Source
Impulse Transient
Transient voltage disturbance,
sub-cycle duration
Lightning
Electrostatic discharge
Load switching
Capacitor switching
Oscillatory transient
with decay
Transient voltage, sub-cycle
duration
Line/cable switching
Capacitor switching
Load switching
Sag / swell
RMS voltage, multiple cycle
duration
Remote system faults
Interruptions
System protection
RMS voltage, multiple second or Circuit breakers
longer duration
Fuses
Maintenance
Undervoltage /
Overvoltage
RMS voltage, steady state,
multiple second or longer
duration
Motor starting
Load variations
Load dropping
Voltage flicker
RMS voltage, steady state,
repetitive condition
Intermittent loads
Motor starting
Arc furnaces
Harmonic distortion
Steady state current or voltage,
long term duration
Non-linear loads
System resonance
Table 1.3: Typical power quality problems and sources
Q
It is often assumed that power quality problems originate with the utility. While it is true that may
power quality problems can originate with the utility system, many problems originate with
customer equipment. Customer-caused problems may manifest themselves inside the customer
location or they may be transported by the utility system to another adjacent customer. Often,
equipment that is sensitive to power quality problems may in fact also be the cause of the problem.
Q
If a power quality problem is suspected, it is generally wise to consult a power quality professional
for assistance in defining the cause and possible solutions to the problem.
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Chapter 2
Shark® 100-S
S Submeter Overview and Specifications
2.1: Hardware Overview
Q
The Shark® 100-S multifunction submeter is designed
to measure revenue grade electrical energy usage and
communicate that information via various communication
media. The unit supports RS485, RJ-45 Ethernet or IEEE
802.11 Wi-Fi Ethernet connections. This allows the unit to
be placed anywhere within a complex and it communicates
back to central software quickly and easily. The unit also
has an IrDA Port for direct PDA interface.
The unit is designed with advanced meaurement
capabilities, allowing it to achieve high performance
accuracy. The Shark® 100-S meter is specified as a 0.2%
class energy meter for billing applications. To verify the
submeter’s performance and calibration, power providers
use field test standards to ensure that the unit’s energy
measurements are correct. The Shark® 100-S meter is a
traceable revenue meter and contains a utility grade test
pulse to verify rated accuracy.
Q
Shark® 100-S Meter Features detailed in this manual are:
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
Figure 2.1: Shark 100-S
Submeter
0.2% Class Revenue Certifiable Energy and Demand Submeter
Meets ANSI C12.20 (0.2%) and IEC 687 (0.2%) Classes
Multifunction Measurement including Voltage, Current, Power, Frequency, Energy, etc.
Power Quality Measurements (%THD and Alarm Limits)
3 Line 0.56” Bright Red LED Display
V-SwitchTM Technology - Field Upgrade without Removing Installed Meter
Percentage of Load Bar for Analog Meter Perception
Modbus RTU and Modbus TCP (Over Ethernet)
Serial RS485 Communication
Ethernet and Wireless Ethernet (Wi-Fi)
Easy to Use Faceplate Programming
IrDA Port for PDA Remote Read
Direct Interface with Most Building Management Systems
DNP 3.0
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The unit uses standard 5 or 1 Amp CTs (either split or donut). It surface mounts to any wall and is
easily programmed in minutes. The unit is designed specifically for easy installation and advanced
communication.
2.1.1: Voltage Inputs
Q
Universal Voltage Inputs
Voltage Inputs allow measurement to 416 Volts Line-to-Neutral and 721 Volts Line-to-Line. This
insures proper meter safety when wiring directly to high voltage systems. One unit will perform to
specification on 69 Volt, 120 Volt, 230 Volt, 277 Volt, 277 Volt and 347 Volt power systems.
2.1.2: Model Number plus Option Numbers
Model
Frequency
Current
Class
V-Switch™
Key Pack
Power
Supply
Shark® 100-S - 50
Submeter
50 Hz
System
- 10
5 Amp
Secondary
- V3
- D2
Default with
(90 - 400)V ac
Energy Counters (100 - 370)V dc
- 60
60 Hz
System
-2
1 Amp
Secondary
- V4
Above with
Harmonics & Limts
Example:
Shark 100-S
- 60
- 10
- V3
Communication
Format
- 485
RS-485
-WIFI
Wireless and
LAN Based
Ethernet
(also configurable
for RS-485)
- D2
- 485
2.1.3: V-S
SwitchTM Technology
The Shark® 100-S meter is equipped with EIG’s exclusive V-SwitchTM technology. V-SwitchTM
technology is a virtual firmware-based switch that allows you to enable meter features through communication, allowing the unit to be upgraded after installation to a higher model without removing
the unit from service.
Q
Available V-SwitchTM Keys
V-Switch™ key 3 (-V3): Volts, Amps, kW, kVAR, PF, kVA, Freq., kWh, kVAh, kVARh & DNP 3.0
V-Switch™ key 4 (-V4): Volts, Amps, kW, kVAR, PF, kVA, Freq., kWh, kVAh, kVARh, %THD
Monitoring, Limit Exceeded Alarms & DNP 3.0
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2.1.4: Measured Values
The Shark® 100-S meter provides the following Measured Values all in Real Time and some
additionally as Avg, Max and Min values.
Shark 100-S Measured Values
Measured Values
Real Time
Avg
Max
Min
Voltage L-N
X
X
X
Voltage L-L
X
X
X
Current Per Phase
X
X
X
X
Current Neutral
X
Watts
X
X
X
X
VAR
X
X
X
X
VA
X
X
X
X
PF
X
X
X
X
+Watt-Hr
X
- Watt-Hr
X
Watt-Hr Net
X
+VAR-Hr
X
-VAR-Hr
X
VAR-Hr Net
X
VA-Hr
X
Frequency
X
X
X
%THD
X
X
X
Voltage Angles
X
Current Angles
X
% of Load Bar
X
2.1.5: Utility Peak Demand
The Shark® 100-S meter provides user-configured Block (Fixed) Window or Rolling Window
Demand. This feature allows you to set up a Customized Demand Profile. Block Window Demand
is demand used over a user-configured demand period (usually 5, 15 or 30 minutes). Rolling
Window Demand is a fixed window demand that moves for a user-specified subinterval period.
For example, a 15-minute Demand using 3 subintervals and providing a new demand reading every
5 minutes, based on the last 15 minutes.
Utility Demand Features can be used to calculate kW, kVAR, kVA and PF readings. All other
parameters offer Max and Min capability over the user-selectable averaging period. Voltage
provides an Instantaneous Max and Min reading which displays the highest surge and lowest sag
seen by the meter
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2.2: Specifications
Q
Power Supply
•
•
Q
Q
Q
Universal, (90 to 400)V ac @50/60Hz or (100 to 370)V dc
16 VA Maximum
Voltage Inputs (Measurement Category III)
•
•
Range:
Supported hookups:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Input Impedance:
Burden:
Pickup Voltage:
Connection:
Input Wire Gauge:
Fault Withstand:
Reading:
Universal, Autoranging up to 416V AC L-N, 721V AC L-L
3 Element Wye, 2.5 Element Wye
2 Element Delta, 4 Wire Delta
1M Ohm/Phase
0.36VA/Phase Max at 600V, 0.0144VA/Phase at 120V
10V AC
Screw terminal (Diagram 4.1)
AWG#16 - 26
Meets IEEE C37.90.1 (Surge Withstand Capability)
Programmable Full Scale to any PT Ratio
Current Inputs
•
•
•
•
Class 10:
Class 2:
Burden:
Pickup Current:
5A Nominal, (0-11) Amp
1A Nominal Secondary, (0-2) Amp
0.005VA Per Phase Max at 11 Amps
0.1% of Nominal
•
Connections:
Screw terminal - #6-32 screws (Diagram 4.1)
•
•
Fault Withstand:
Reading:
20A/10sec., 60A/3sec., 100A/1sec.
Programmable Full Scale to any CT Ratio
Isolation
•
Q
Range:
Power Consumption:
All Inputs and Outputs are galvanically isolated and tested to 2500V AC
Environmental Rating
0
•
Storage:
(-40 to +85) C
•
•
•
Operating:
Humidity:
Faceplate Rating:
(-30 to +70) C
to 95% RH Noncondensing
NEMA12 (Water Resistant)
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Q
Q
Measurement Methods
•
•
Voltage, Current:
Power:
•
•
Harmonic %THD
A/D Conversion:
Update Rate
•
•
Q
True RMS
Sampling at 400+ Samples per Cycle on All Channels Measured
Readings Simultaneously
% of Total Harmonic Distortion
6 Simultaneous 24 bit Analog to Digital Converters
Watts, VAR and VA:
All other parameters:
100 milliseconds (Ten times per second)
1 second
Communication Format
1. RS485
2. IrDA Port through Face Plate
Q
•
Protocols:
•
•
•
Com Port Baud Rate:
Com Port Address:
Data Format:
Wireless Ethernet (Optional)
•
•
•
Q
Modbus RTU, Modbus ASCII, DNP 3.0, Modbus TCP
(Ethernet)
9600 to 57,600 b/s
001-247
8 Bit, No Parity
802.11b Wireless or
10/100BaseT Ethernet
128 bit WEP Encryption
Modbus TCP Protocol
WiFi or RJ-45 Connection
128 bit Wireless Security
Mechanical Parameters
•
Dimensions:
(H7.9 x W7.6 x D3.2) inches, (H200.1 x W193.0 x
D81.3) mm
•
Weight:
4 pounds
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2.3: Compliance
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
IEC 687 (0.2% Accuracy)
ANSI C12.20 (0.2% Accuracy)
ANSI (IEEE) C37.90.1 Surge Withstand
ANSI C62.41 (Burst)
IEC1000-4-2: ESD
IEC1000-4-3: Radiated Immunity
IEC1000-4-4: Fast Transient
IEC1000-4-5: Surge Immunity
UL Listed
Meter Accuracy by Measured Parameters
Measured Parameters
Accuracy % of
Reading*
Display Range
Voltage L-N
0.1%
0-9999 V or kV Autoscale
Voltage L-L
0.1%
0-9999 V or kV Autoscale
Current Phase
0.1%
0-9999 A or kA Autoscale
Current Neutral (Calculated)
2.0% F.S.
0-9999 A or kA Autoscale
+/- Watts
0.2%
0-9999 Watts, kWatts, MWatts
+/- Wh
0.2%
5 to 8 Digits Programmable
+/- VARs
0.2%
0-9999 VARs, kVARs, MVARs
+/- VARh
0.2%
5 to 8 Digits Programmable
VA
0.2%
0-9999 VA, kVA, MVA
VAh
0.2%
5 to 8 Digits Programmable
PF
0.2%
+/- 0.5 to 1.0
Frequency
+/- 0.01 Hz
45 to 65 Hz
% THD
2.0% F.S.
0 to 100%
% Load Bar
1 - 120%
10 Segment Resolution Scalable
* Accuracy stated for 5 amp secondary WYE or Delta connections. For 1 amp secondary
or 2.5 element connections, add 0.1% of Full Scale + 1 digit to accuracy specification.
e Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc #: E145721
2-6
Chapter 3
Mechanical Installation
3.1: Overview
Q
The Shark® 100-S meter can be installed on any wall The various models use the same installation.
See Chapter 4 for wiring diagrams.
Q
Mount the meter in a dry location, which is free from dirt and corrosive substances.
3.2: Install the Base
1. Determine where you want to
install the submeter.
Front
Cover
Support
2. Then, with the submeter power off,
open the top of the submeter. Use the
Front Cover Support to keep the cover
open as you perform the installation.
CAUTIONS!
Remove the antenna before opening the
unit.
Q Only use the front cover support if you
are able to open the front cover to the
extent that you can fit the front cover
support into its base. DO NOT rest the
front cover support on the inside of the
meter, even for a short time - by doing
so, you may damage components on the
board assembly.
Screws
3. Find the 4 Installation
Slots and insert screws through
each slot into the wall or panel.
Fasten securely.
DO NOT overtighten.
Q
e Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Figure 3.1: Shark® 100-S Meter Opened
Doc # E145721
3-1
3.2.1: Mounting Diagrams
12”
304.80 mm
(Space needed
for cover to be
opened.)
12”
304.80 mm
(Space needed
for cover to be
opened.)
Figure 3.2: Mounting Dimensions
12”
304 mm
Figure 3.5: Bottom View with Access Holes
Figure 3.4: Open Cover View
Figure 3.3: Side View
e Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc # E145721
3-2
3.3: Secure the Cover
1. Close the cover, making sure that
power and communications wires
exit the submeter through the openings
at the base.
Screw
CAUTION!
To avoid damaging components on
the board assembly, make sure the
front cover support is in the upright
position before closing the front
cover.
2. Using the 3 enclosed screws, secure
the cover to the base in three places.
Do not overtighten (you may damage
the cover).
The unit can be sealed after the front cover is
closed. To seal the unit, thread the seal tag through
the housing located between the bottom access
holes.
Seal Housing
Figure 3.5: Shark® 100-S Meter Closed
3. Reattach the antenna, if appropriate.
Q
Recommended Tools for Shark® 100-S Meter Installation: #2 Phillips screwdriver and wire cutters.
e Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc #: E145721
3-3
e Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc #: E145721
3-4
Chapter 4
Electrical Installation
4.1: Considerations When Installing Meters
Q
Installation of the Shark® 100-S meter must be performed by only qualified personnel
who follow standard safety precautions during all procedures. Those personnel
should have appropriate training and experience with high voltage devices.
Appropriate safety gloves, safety glasses and protective clothing are recommended.
Q
During normal operation of the Shark® 100-S meter, dangerous voltages flow through
many parts of the meter, including: Terminals and any connected CTs (Current
Transformers) and PTs (Potential Transformers), all I/O Modules (Inputs and
Outputs) and their circuits. All Primary and Secondary circuits can, at times, produce
lethal voltages and currents. Avoid contact with any current-carrying surfaces.
Q
Do not use the meter or any I/O Output Device for primary protection or in an
energy-limiting capacity. The meter can only be used as secondary protection. Do
not use the meter for applications where failure of the meter may cause harm or death.
Do not use the meter for any application where there may be a risk of fire.
Q
All meter terminals should be inaccessible after installation.
Q
Do not apply more than the maximum voltage the meter or any attached device can
withstand. Refer to meter and/or device labels and to the Specifications for all
devices before applying voltages. Do not HIPOT/Dielectric test any Outputs, Inputs
or Communications terminals.
Q
EIG recommends the use of Shorting Blocks and Fuses for voltage leads and power
supply to prevent hazardous voltage conditions or damage to CTs, if the meter needs
to be removed from service. CT grounding is optional.
NOTE: IF THE EQUIPMENT IS USED IN A MANNER NOT SPECIFIED
BY THE MANUFACTURER, THE PROTECTION PROVIDED BY THE
EQUIPMENT MAY BE IMPAIRED.
NOTE: THERE IS NO REQUIRED PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE OR
INSPECTION NECESSARY FOR SAFETY. HOWEVER, ANY REPAIR OR
MAINTENANCE SHOULD BE PERFORMED BY THE FACTORY.
E Electro Industries/GaugeTech Doc # E145721
4-1
DISCONNECT DEVICE: The following part is considered the equipment
disconnect device.
A SWITCH OR CIRCUIT-BREAKER SHALL BE INCLUDED IN THE END-USE
EQUIPMENT OR BUILDING INSTALLATION. THE SWITCH SHALL BE IN
CLOSE PROXIMITY TO THE EQUIPMENT AND WITHIN EASY REACH OF THE
OPERATOR. THE SWITCH SHALL BE MARKED AS THE DISCONNECTING
DEVICE FOR THE EQUIPMENT.
4.2: Electrical Connections
Q
All wiring for the Shark® 100-S meter is done through the front of the unit (lifting the cover
with the power to the unit OFF) so that the unit can be surface mounted. Connecting
cables exit the unit via two openings in the base plate.
Wireless Ethernet Connection
Current
Inputs
Electronic Circuits
Ethernet, RJ-45
Jack
RS-485 Output
(Do not put the
Voltage on these
terminals!)
Ia Ia Ib Ib Ic Ic
(+) (-) (+) (-) (+) (-)
Va Vb Vc Vn L1 L2 PE
Z K Y A B SH
(+)(-)
RS-485
KYZ Pulse
Output
Voltage
Inputs
Power Supply
Inputs (Inputs
are unipolar)
Access Holes for
Wiring
Figure 4.1: Submeter Connections
E Electro Industries/GaugeTech Doc # E145721
4-2
4.3: Ground Connections
Q The meter’s Ground Terminal (PE) should be connected directly to the installation’s protective earth
ground.
4.4: Voltage Fuses
Q EIG recommends the use of fuses on each of the sense voltages and on the control power, even
though the wiring diagrams in this chapter do not show them.
Use a 0.1 Amp fuse on each voltage input.
Use a 3 Amp fuse on the power supply.
4.5: Electrical Connection Diagrams
Choose the diagram that best suits your application. Make sure the CT polarity is correct.
1.
Three Phase, Four-Wire System Wye with Direct Voltage, 3 Element
2.
Three Phase, Four-Wire System Wye with Direct Voltage, 2.5 Element
3.
Three-Phase, Four-Wire Wye with PTs, 3 Element
4.
Three-Phase, Four-Wire Wye with PTs, 2.5 Element
5.
Three-Phase, Three-Wire Delta with Direct Voltage (No PTs, 2 CTs)
6.
Three-Phase, Three-Wire Delta with Direct Voltage (No PTs, 3 CTs)
7.
Three-Phase, Three-Wire Delta with 2 PTs, 2 CTs
8.
Three-Phase, Three-Wire Delta with 2 PTs, 3 CTs
9.
Current Only Measurement (Three Phase)
10. Current Only Measurement (Dual Phase)
11. Current Only Measurement (Single Phase)
E Electro Industries/GaugeTech Doc # E145721
4-3
1. Service: WYE, 4-Wire with No PTs, 3 CTs
A
B
C
N
Wireless Ethernet Connection
Ic
Ib
Electronic Circuits
Ia
Ethernet, RJ-45
Jack
Ia Ia Ib Ib Ic Ic
(+) (-) (+) (-) (+) (-)
Va Vb Vc Vref L1 L2 PE
Z K Y A B SH
(+)(-)
RS-485
KYZ Pulse
Output
Power Supply Inputs
A
B
C
N
C
.
A
B
Select: “3 EL WYE” (3 Element Wye) in Meter Programming setup.
E Electro Industries/GaugeTech Doc # E145721
4-4
2. Service: 2.5 Element WYE, 4-Wire with No PTs, 3 CTs
A
B
C
N
Wireless Ethernet Connection
Ic
Ib
Electronic Circuits
Ia
Ethernet, RJ-45
Jack
Ia Ia Ib Ib Ic Ic
(+) (-) (+) (-) (+) (-)
Va Vb Vc Vref L1 L2 PE
Z K Y A B SH
(+)(-)
RS-485
KYZ Pulse
Output
Power Supply Inputs
A
B
C
N
C
.
A
B
Select: “2.5 EL WYE” (2.5 Element Wye) in Meter Programming setup.
E Electro Industries/GaugeTech Doc # E145721
4-5
3. Service: WYE, 4-Wire with 3 PTs, 3 CTs
A
B
C
N
Wireless Ethernet Connection
Ic
Ib
Electronic Circuits
Ia
Ethernet, RJ-45
Jack
Ia Ia Ib Ib Ic Ic
(+) (-) (+) (-) (+) (-)
Va Vb Vc Vn L1 L2 PE
Z K Y A B SH
(+)(-)
RS-485
KYZ Pulse
Output
Power Supply Inputs
A
B
C
N
C
.
A
B
Select: “3 EL WYE” (3 Element Wye) in Meter Programming setup.
E Electro Industries/GaugeTech Doc # E145721
4-6
4. Service: 2.5 Element WYE, 4-Wire with 2 PTs, 3 CTs
A
B
C
N
Wireless Ethernet Connection
Ic
Ib
Ia
Ethernet, RJ-45
Jack
Ia Ia Ib Ib Ic Ic
(+) (-) (+) (-) (+) (-)
Va Vb Vc Vref L1 L2 PE
Z K Y A B SH
(+)(-)
RS-485
KYZ Pulse
Output
Power Supply Inputs
A
B
C
N
C
.
A
B
Select: “2.5 EL WYE” (2.5 Element Wye) in Meter Programming setup.
E Electro Industries/GaugeTech Doc # E145721
4-7
5. Service: Delta, 3-Wire with No PTs, 2 CTs
A
B
C
Wireless Ethernet Connection
Ia
Electronic Circuits
Ic
Ethernet, RJ-45
Jack
Ia Ia Ib Ib Ic Ic
(+) (-) (+) (-) (+) (-)
Va Vb Vc Vref L1 L2 PE
Z K Y A B SH
(+)(-)
RS-485
KYZ Pulse
Output
Power Supply Inputs
A
B
C
C
C
or
B
.
A B
A
Select: “2 Ct dEL” (2 CT Delta) in Meter Programming setup.
E Electro Industries/GaugeTech Doc # E145721
4-8
6. Service: Delta, 3-Wire with No PTs, 3 CTs
A
B
C
Wireless Ethernet Connection
Ia
Ib
Electronic Circuits
Ic
Ethernet, RJ-45
Jack
Ia Ia Ib Ib Ic Ic
(+) (-) (+) (-) (+) (-)
Va Vb Vc Vref L1 L2 PE
Z K Y A B SH
(+)(-)
RS-485
KYZ Pulse
Output
Power Supply Inputs
A
B
C
C
C
or
B
.
A B
A
Select: “2 Ct dEL” (2 CT Delta) in Meter Programming setup.
E Electro Industries/GaugeTech Doc # E145721
4-9
7. Service: Delta, 3-Wire with 2 PTs, 2 CTs
A
B
C
Wireless Ethernet Connection
Ia
Electronic Circuits
Ic
Ethernet, RJ-45
Jack
Ia Ia Ib Ib Ic Ic
(+) (-) (+) (-) (+) (-)
Va Vb Vc Vref L1 L2 PE
Z K Y A B SH
(+)(-)
RS-485
KYZ Pulse
Output
Power Supply Inputs
A
B
C
C
C
or
B
.
A B
A
Select: “2 Ct dEL” (2 CT Delta) in Meter Programming setup.
E Electro Industries/GaugeTech Doc # E145721
4-10
8. Service: Delta, 3-Wire with 2 PTs, 3 CTs
A
B
C
Wireless Ethernet Connection
Ia
Electronic Circuits
Ib
Ic
Ethernet, RJ-45
Jack
Ia Ia Ib Ib Ic Ic
(+) (-) (+) (-) (+) (-)
Va Vb Vc Vref L1 L2 PE
Z K Y A B SH
(+)(-)
RS-485
KYZ Pulse
Output
Power Supply Inputs
A
B
C
C
C
or
B
.
A B
A
Select: “2 Ct dEL” (2 CT Delta) in Meter Programming setup.
E Electro Industries/GaugeTech Doc # E145721
4-11
9. Service: Current Only Measurement (Three Phase)
A
B
C
N
Wireless Ethernet Connection
Ic
Ib
Electronic Circuits
Ia
Ethernet, RJ-45
Jack
Ia Ia Ib Ib Ic Ic
(+) (-) (+) (-) (+) (-)
Va Vb Vc Vref L1 L2 PE
Z K Y A B SH
(+)(-)
RS-485
KYZ Pulse
Output
Voltage AN
Input
needed for
Frequency
Reference
A
B
C
Power Supply Inputs
N
Select: “3 EL WYE” (3 Element Wye) in Meter Programming setup.
NOTE:
Even if the meter is used for only amp readings, the unit requires a Volts AN reference.
Please make sure that the voltage input is attached to the meter.
AC Control Power can be used to provide the Reference Signal.
E Electro Industries/GaugeTech Doc # E145721
4-12
10. Service: Current Only Measurement (Dual Phase)
A
B
N
Wireless Ethernet Connection
Ib
Electronic Circuits
Ia
Ethernet, RJ-45
Jack
Ia Ia Ib Ib Ic Ic
(+) (-) (+) (-) (+) (-)
Va Vb Vc Vref L1 L2 PE
Z K Y A B SH
(+)(-)
RS-485
KYZ Pulse
Output
Voltage AN
Input
needed for
Frequency
Reference
A
B
Power Supply Inputs
N
Select: “3 EL WYE” (3 Element Wye) in Meter Programming setup.
NOTE:
Even if the meter is used for only amp readings, the unit requires a Volts AN reference.
Please make sure that the voltage input is attached to the meter.
AC Control Power can be used to provide the Reference Signal.
E Electro Industries/GaugeTech Doc # E145721
4-13
11. Service: Current Only Measurement (Single Phase)
A
N
Wireless Ethernet Connection
Electronic Circuits
Ia
Ethernet, RJ-45
Jack
Ia Ia Ib Ib Ic Ic
(+) (-) (+) (-) (+) (-)
Va Vb Vc Vref L1 L2 PE
Z K Y A B SH
(+)(-)
RS-485
KYZ Pulse
Output
Voltage AN
Input
needed for
Frequency
Reference
A
Power Supply Inputs
N
Select: “3 EL WYE” (3 Element Wye) in Meter Programming setup.
NOTE:
Even if the meter is used for only amp readings, the unit requires a Volts AN reference.
Please make sure that the voltage input is attached to the meter.
AC Control Power can be used to provide the Reference Signal.
E Electro Industries/GaugeTech Doc # E145721
4-14
Chapter 5
Communication Installation
5.1: Shark® 100-S Communication
Q
The Shark® 100-S submeter provides two independent Communication Ports plus
KYZ Pulse Output. (For information on Ethernet configuration, see Chapter 6.)
The first port, Com 1, is an IrDA Port, which uses Modbus ASCII. The second port,
Com 2, provides RS-485 or RJ-45 Ethernet or WI-FI Ethernet Communication.
5.1.1: IrDA Port (Com 1)
Q
The Shark® 100-S submeter’s Com 1 IrDA Port is on the face of the submeter. The
IrDA Port allows the unit to be set up and programmed with any device capable of
IrDA communication, including a PDA with CoPilot, some laptops and USB/IrDA
wands (such as the USB to IrDA Adapter [CAB6490] described in Appendix E).
Just point at the meter with an IrDA-equipped PC or PDA and configure it.
Q
Communicator EXT CoPilot is a Windows Mobile software package for a PDA that
can communicate with the meter to configure settings and poll readings. Refer to
the Communicator EXT User’s Manual for details on programming and accessing
readings.
Q
IrDA port settings are:
Address:
Baud Rate:
Protocol:
1
57.6k
Modbus ASCII
Figure 5.1: Simultaneous Dual Communication Paths
E Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc # E145721
5-1
5.1.1.1: USB to IrDA Adapter
PC
USB
Port
USB
Extension
Cable
IrDA
Enabled
Device
USB to IrDA Adapter
IrDA
Module
Figure 5.2: USB to IrDA Adapter
The USB to IrDA Adapter (CAB6490) enables IrDA wireless data communication
through a standard USB port. The adapter is powered through the USB bus and
does not require any external power adapter. The effective data transmission
distance is 0 to .3 meters (approximately 1 foot).
The USB to IrDA Adapter enables wireless data transfer between a PC and the
Shark. The adapter can also be used with other IrDA-compatible devices.
The adapter is fully compatible with IrDA 1.1 and USB 1.1 specifications.
System Requirements: IBM PC 100 MHz or higher (or compatible system),
available USB port, CD-ROM drive, Windows® 98, ME, 2000 or XP.
See Appendix E for instructions on using the USB to IrDA Adapter.
E Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc # E145721
5-2
5.1.2: RS485 Communication Com 2 (485 Option)
The Shark® 100-S submeter’s RS485 port uses standard 2-Wire, Half Duplex
Architecture. The RS485 connector is located on the front of the meter, under the cover.
A connection can easily be made to a Master device or to other Slave devices, as shown
below.
Care should be taken to connect + to + and - to - connections.
Wireless Ethernet Connection
Electronic Circuits
JP2: Must be in
position 1-2 for
RS485
Ia Ia Ib Ib Ic Ic
(+) (-) (+) (-) (+) (-)
Va Vb Vc Vn L1 L2 PE
Z K Y A B SH
(+)(-)
RS485
To Other
Devices
Pulse Contacts
The Shark® 100-S submeter’s RS485 can be programmed with the buttons on the
face of the meter or by using Communicator EXT software.
Standard RS485 Port Settings:
Address:
Baud Rate:
Protocol:
001 to 247
9.6, 19.2, 38.4 or 57.6
Modbus RTU, Modbus ASCII, DNP 3.0
E Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc # E145721
5-3
5.1.3: KYZ Output
The KYZ Pulse Output provides pulsing energy values that verify the submeter’s
readings and accuracy.
The KYZ Pulse Output is located on the face of the meter, under the cover
and just below the RS485 connection.
See section 2.2 for the KYZ Output Specifications.
See section 7.3.1 for Pulse Constants.
Wireless Ethernet Connection
Electronic Circuits
Ia Ia Ib Ib Ic Ic
(+) (-) (+) (-) (+) (-)
Va Vb Vc Vn L1 L2 PE
Z K Y A B SH
(+)(-)
RS-485
To Other
Devices
Pulse Contacts
E Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc # E145721
5-4
5.1.4: Ethernet Connection
In order to use the Ethernet capability of the Shark® 100-S submeter, the Ethernet
Module must be installed in your meter, and the JP2 must be set to positions 2-3. You
can use either wired Ethernet, or Wi-Fi.
For wired Ethernet, use Standard RJ-45 10/100Base T cable to connect to the
Shark® 100-S submeter. The RJ-45 line is inserted into the RJ-45 Port of the
meter.
For Wi-Fi connections, make sure you have the correct antenna attached to the
meter.
Wireless Ethernet Connection
Ethernet Module
Electronic Circuits
RJ-45 Port
JP2: Must be in
position 2-3 for
Ethernet (RJ-45 or
WiFi)
Ia Ia Ib Ib Ic Ic
(+) (-) (+) (-) (+) (-)
Va Vb Vc Vn L1 L2 PE
Z K Y A B SH
(+)(-)
RS-485
To Other
Devices
Refer to Chapter 6 of this manual, Ethernet Configuration, for instructions on how to set
up the Network Module for the Shark® 100-S Submeter.
E Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc # E145721
5-5
5.2: Meter Communication and Programming Overview
Q
Programming and communication can utilize the RS485 connection as shown in Section 5.1.2 or the
RJ-45/Wi-Fi connection as shown in Section 5.1.4. Once a connection is established,
Communicator EXT software can be used to program the meter and communicate to other devices.
Q
Meter Connection
To provide power to the meter, use one of the wiring diagrams in Chapter 4 or attach an Aux cable
to GND, L(+) and N(-).
The RS485 cable attaches to SH, B(-) and A(+) as shown in Section 5.1.2.
5.2.1: How to Connect
Connect Button
1. Open Communicator EXT software.
2. Click the Connect button on the Icon bar.
The Connect screen opens, showing the Initial settings.
Make sure your settings are the same as those shown here.
NOTE: The settings you make will depend on whether you are
connecting to the meter via Serial Port or Network. Use the pulldown windows to make any necessary changes.
Serial Port Connection
Network Connection
3. Click the Connect button on the screen.
You may have to Disconnect power,
Reconnect power and then click Connect.
The Device Status screen appears,
confirming a connection.
Click OK.
e Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc #: E145721
5-6
The main screen of Communicator EXT software reappears.
Profile
Button
4. Click the Profile button on the toolbar.
You will see the Shark® meter’s Profile screen.
5.2.2: Shark® Meter Device Profile Settings
Click the tabs to access the settings for the Shark® meter’s Device Profile.
Q
Communication Settings
COM1 (IrDA)
Response Delay (0-750 msec)
COM2:
(For RS485)
Address (1-247)
Protocol (Modbus RTU, ASCII or DNP)
Baud Rate (9.6 to 57.6)
Response Delay (0-750 msec)
(For Ethernet)
Address (1)
Protocol (Modbus RTU)
Baud Rate (57600)
Response Delay (No Delay)
Use pull-down menus to change
settings, if desired.
6. When changes are complete, click the
Update button to send the new profile to the Shark® meter.
7. Click Cancel to exit the Profile; click other tabs to update other settings of the Profile.
e Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc #: E145721
5-7
Q
Scaling (CT, PT Ratios and System Wiring)
CT Numerator:
CT Denominator:
CT Multiplier:
CT Face Plate Value:
Calculation Based on Selections
PT Numerator:
PT Denominator:
PT Multiplier:
PT Face Plate Value
Calculation Based on Selections
System Wiring:
Number of Phases: One, Two or Three
NOTE: VOLTS FULL SCALE = PT Numerator x PT Multiplier
Example:
A 14400/120 PT would be entered as:
Pt Numerator
1440
Pt Denominator
120
Pt Multipler
10
This example would display a 14.40kV.
WARNING: You must specify Primary and Secondary Voltage in Full Scale. Do not use ratios!
Q
Q
Example CT Settings:
200/5 Amps:
800/5 Amps:
2,000/5 Amps:
10,000/5 Amps:
Set the Ct-n value for 200, Ct-Multiplier value for 1.
Set the Ct-n value for 800, Ct-Multiplier value for 1.
Set the Ct-n value for 2000, Ct-Multiplier value for 1.
Set the Ct-n value for 1000, Ct-Multiplier value for 10.
Example PT Settings:
277/277 Volts
14,400/120 Volts:
138,000/69 Volts:
345,000/115 Volts:
345,000/69 Volts:
Pt-n value is 277, Pt-d value is 277, Pt-Multiplier value is 1.
Pt-n value is 1440, Pt-d value is 120, Pt-Multiplier value is 10.
Pt-n value is 1380, Pt-d value is 69, Pt-Multiplier value is 100.
Pt-n value is 3450, Pt-d value is 115, Pt-Multiplier value is 100
Pt-n value is 345, Pt-d value is 69, PT-Multiplier value is 1000.
NOTE: Settings are the same for Wye and Delta configurations.
e Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc #: E145721
5-8
Q
Energy and Display
Power and Energy Format
Power Scale
Energy Digits
Energy Decimal Places
Energy Scale
(Example Based on Selections)
Power Direction: View as Load
Demand Averaging
Averaging Method: Block or Rolling
Interval (Minutes)
Sub Interval
Auto Scroll: Click to Activate
Display Configuration:
Click Values to be displayed.
NOTE: You MUST have at lease ONE selected.
NOTE: If incorrect values are entered on this screen the following message appears:
WARNING: Current, CT, PT and Energy Settings will cause invalid energy accumulator values.
Change the inputted settings until the message disappears.
e Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc #: E145721
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Q
Settings
Password
(Meter is shipped with Password Disabled and
there is NO DEFAULT PASSWORD)
Enable Password for Reset
Enable Password for Configuration
Change Password
Change VSwitch
(Call Electro Industries for Update Information)
Change Device Designation
Q
Limits (VSwitchTM Key 4 Only)
For up to 8 Limits, Set:
Address: Modbus Address (1 based)
Label: Your Designation
High Set Point: % of Full Scale
Example: 100% of 120VFS = 120V
90% of 120V FS = 108V
Return Hysteresis: Point to go back in Limit
Example: High Set Point = 110%
(Out of Limit at 132V)
Return Hysteresis = 105%
(Stay Out until 126V)
Low Set Point: % of Full Scale
Return Hysteresis: Point to go back in Limit
Settings appear in the Table at the bottom
of the screen
NOTE: If Return Hysteresis is > High Set Point,
the Limit is Disabled.
Click Update to send a new Profile.
NOTE: If the Update fails, the software will ask you if you want to try again to Update.
Click Cancel to Exit the Profile.
Use Communicator EXT to communicate with the device and perform required tasks.
NOTE: Refer to the Communicator EXT User’s Manual for more details and additional
instructions.
e Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc #: E145721
5-10
Chapter 6
Ethernet Configuration
6.1: Introduction
The Shark® 100-S submeter has an option for a Wi-Fi (Wireless) or RJ-45 Ethernet
connection. This option allows the submeter to be set up for use in a LAN (Local Area
Network), using standard Wi-Fi base stations. Configuration for these connections is easily
accomplished through your PC using Telnet connections. Then you can access the submeter
to perform meter functions directly through any computer on your LAN: the Shark® 100-S
meter does not need to be directly connected (wired) to these computers for it to be accessed.
This chapter outlines the procedures you use to set up the Shark® 100-S submeter to function
via its Ethernet configuration.
IMPORTANT!
• These instructions are for Shark® 100-S meters that have a Reset button, located on
the main board. You can easily tell whether or not your meter has a Reset button: open
the front cover of the Shark® 100-S meter. The Reset button is located at the top, right of
the main board. Refer to the figure below.
• Some earlier versions of the Shark® 100-S meter are not equipped with a Reset
button. The instructions for Ethernet configuration are slightly different for these meters.
If your meter does not have a Reset button, please call EIG’s Technical Support
department (at 516-334-0870) to obtain configuration instructions for your meter’s
Ethernet connection.
Reset button on the Main Board
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6.2: Factory Default Settings
The settings shown in Section 6.2.1 are the default settings for your Shark® 100-S meter: they
are the settings programmed into your meter when it is shipped to you. You may need to modify
some of these settings when you set up your Ethernet configuration.
NOTES:
Change Settings 1 and 6 ONLY. Settings 2, 3, and 4 must be the same as shown in
Section 6.2.1. If they are not, reset them to the values shown in Section 6.2.1.
If setting 3 is not CP0..! Defaults (In), the procedure for Network Module Hardware
Initialization (Section 6.3.4) will not work.
6.2.1: Modbus/TCP to RTU Bridge Setup
1) Network/IP Settings:
Network Mode…………Wired Only
IP Address ...............….. 10.0.0.1
Default Gateway ............ --- not set --Netmask .................... …255.255.255.0
2) Serial & Mode Settings:
Protocol ................... Modbus/RTU,Slave(s) attached
Serial Interface ........... 57600,8,N,1,RS232,CH1
3) Modem/Configurable Pin Settings:
CP0..! Defaults (In) CP1..! GPIO (In) CP2..! GPIO (In)
CP3..! GPIO (In) CP4..! GPIO (In) CP5..! GPIO (In)
CP6..! GPIO (In) CP7..! GPIO (In) CP8..! GPIO (In)
CP9..! GPIO (In) CP10.! GPIO (In)
RTS Output ................. Fixed High/Active
4) Advanced Modbus Protocol settings:
Slave Addr/Unit Id Source .. Modbus/TCP header
Modbus Serial Broadcasts ... Disabled (Id=0 auto-mapped to 1)
MB/TCP Exception Codes ..... Yes (return 00AH and 00BH)
Char, Message Timeout ...... 00050msec, 05000msec
6) WLAN Settings:
WLAN ....................... Disabled, network:LTRX_IBSS
Topology……………. AdHoc, Country: US, Channel: 11
Security……………… none
TX Data rate………… 11 Mbps auto fallback
Power management….. not supported in ad hoc mode
D)efault settings, S)ave, Q)uit without save
Select Command or parameter set (1..6) to change:
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6.3: Configure Network Module
These procedures detail how to set up the Shark® 100-S meter on the Network Module.
Only one person at a time can be logged into the network port. This eliminates the possibility
of several people trying to configure the Ethernet interface simultaneously.
6.3.1: Configuration Requirements
You may want to consult your network administrator before performing these procedures.
Some functions may be restricted to the network administrator.
If you have only one Ethernet adapter (network card), the screen displays only that
configuration. You will use this Ethernet adapter to access the Shark® 100-S meter’s
Network Module. You may have to configure the Ethernet adapter in order to use it with
the Shark® 100-S meter’s Network Module, using the instructions in Section 6.4.2.
If you have multiple Ethernet adapters (network cards) installed on your computer, you
must choose, configure and use the correct one to access the Network Module.
The Ethernet Adapter must be set up for point-to-point connection in order for it to
connect to the Shark® 100-S meter’s Network module, as follows:
IP Address should be 10.0.0.2
Subnet Mask should be 255.255.255.0
These settings can be made in the Ethernet Adapter. Follow the procedure in Section
6.3.2.
6.3.2: Configuring the Ethernet Adapter
1. From the Start Menu, select Settings>Network Connections. You will see the
screen shown below.
2. Right click on the Local Area Network Connection you will be using to connect to
the Shark® 100-S meter, and select Properties from the pull-down menu. You will
see the screen shown on the next page.
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3. Select Internet Protocol [TCP/IP] from the middle of the screen and click the
Properties button. You will see the screen shown below.
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4. Click the Use the Following IP Address radio button. The screen changes to allow
you to enter the IP Address and Subnet Mask.
a. Enter 10.0.0.2 in the IP Address field.
b. Enter 255.255.255.0 in the Subnet Mask field.
5. Click the Okay button.
6. You can now close the Local Area Connection Properties and Network
Connection windows.
6.3.3: Detailed Configuration Parameters
Certain parameters must be configured before the Ethernet Interface can function on a network.
The Ethernet Interface can be locally or remotely configured using the following procedures:
Use a Telnet connection to configure the unit over the network. The Ethernet Interface's
configuration is stored in memory and is retained without power. The configuration can be
changed at any time. The Ethernet Interface performs a reset after the configuration has been
changed and stored.
As mentioned above, to configure the Ethernet Interface over the network, establish a Telnet
connection to port 9999. Follow this procedure:
1. From the Windows Start menu, click Run and type 'cmd’.
2. Click the OK button to bring up Windows's Command Prompt window.
3. In the Command Prompt window, type:
'telnet 10.0.0.1 9999' and press the Enter key.
Microsoft Windows XP [Version 5.1.2600]
(C) Copyright 1985-2001 Microsoft Corp.
C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator>telnet 10.0.0.1 9999
NOTE: Be sure to include a space between the IP address and 9999.
The following parameters appear; for example:
Serial Number 5415404 MAC Address 00:20:4A:54:3C:2C
Software Version V01.2 (000719)
Press Enter to go into Setup Mode
4. Press ENTER again quickly.
After entering Setup Mode (confirm by pressing Enter), you can configure the parameters
for the software you are using by entering one of the numbers on the Change Setup
Menu, or you can confirm default values by pressing Enter. Be sure to store new
configurations when you are finished. The Ethernet Interface will then perform a power
reset.
5. The Factory Default Settings will display again (refer to Section 6.2.1).
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6.3.4: Setup Details
This section illustrates how each Section of settings appears on the screen, if you press Y (Yes) to
change one or more of the settings.
NOTE: Change Settings 1 and 6 ONLY. Settings 2, 3, and 4 must be the same as shown in
Section 6.2.1. If they are not, reset them to the values shown in Section 6.2.1.
Network IP Settings Detail (1) (Set device with static IP Address.)
Network Mode: 0=Wired only, 1=Wireless Only <0> ? 1
IP Address <010> 192.<000> 168.<000> .<000> .<001>
Set Gateway IP Address <N> ? Y
Gateway IP Address : <192> .<168> .<000> .<001>
Set Netmask <N for default> <Y> ? Y
<255> .<255> .<255> .<000>
Change telnet config password <N> ? N
Serial & Mode Settings (2) (Make sure these settings match those shown in Section 6.2.1.)
Attached Device (1=Slave 2=Master) (1) ? 1
Serial Protocol (1=Modbus/RTU 2=Modbus/ASCII) (1) ? 1
Use serial connector (1=CH1 2=CH2) (1) ? 1
Interface Type (1=RS232 2=RS422/RS485+4-wire 3=RS485+2-wire) (1) ? 1
Enter serial parameters (57600,8,N,1) 57600, 8, N, 1
Modem/Configurable Pin Settings (3) (Make sure these settings match those shown in
Section 6.2.1.)
CAUTION! You must configure this setting correctly in order to be able to use the
Network Module Hardware Initialization procedure (Section 6.3.4).
Press 3. The following appears on the screen:
CP0 Function (hit space to toggle) GPIO (In)
Press the Space bar until the following appears on the screen:
CP0 Function (hit space to toggle) Defaults(In)
Press Enter. The following appears on the screen:
Invert (active low) (Y) ?
Press Y.
Ignore other settings (press Enter through the rest of Setting 3).
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Advanced Modbus Protocol settings (4) (Make sure these settings match those shown in
Section 6.2.1.)
Slave address (0 for auto, or 1..255 fixed otherwise) (0) ? 0
Allow Modbus Broadcasts (1=Yes 2=No) (2) ? 2
Use MB/TCP 00BH/00AH Exception Responses (1=No 2=Yes) (2) ? 2
Disable Modbus/TCP pipeline (1=No 2=Yes) (1) ? 1
Character Timeout (0 for auto, or 10-6950 msec) (50) 50
Message Timeout (200-65000 msec) (5000) 5000
Serial TX delay after RX (0-1275 msec) (0) 0
Swap 4x/0H to get 3x/1x (N) ? N
Local slave address for GPIO (0 to disable, or 1..255) (0) ? 0
WLAN Settings Detail (6)
(The settings shown are recommended by EIG for use with Shark® 100-S meter.)
Topology: 0=Infrastructure, 1=Ad-Hoc <1> ? 0
Network name <SSID> <LTRX_IBSS> ? EIG_SHARKS
Security suite: 0=none, 1=WEP, 2=WPA, 3=WPA2/802.11i <0> ? 0
TX Data rate: 0=fixed, 1=auto fallback <1> ? 1
TX Data rate: 0=1, 1=2, 2=5.5, 3=11, 4=18, 5=24, 6=36, 7=54 Mbps <3> ? 7
Enable power management <N> ? Y
IMPORTANT NOTES:
The settings for the Wireless Access Point should be IDENTICAL to the settings for
LWAN above. For programming, see the User’s Manual for the Wireless Access Point in
use.
See Section 6.3.4.1 for information on using an Encryption key.
Exiting the screen
CAUTION! DO NOT PRESS ‘D.’
Press ‘S’ to Save the settings you’ve entered.
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6.3.4.1: Encryption Key
EIG recommends that you use 128-bit encryption when setting up your Ethernet configuration.
In the WLAN Settings (6), set Security WEP (1), Authentication shared (1), WEP128 (1) and
Change Key (Y).
When Change Key (Y) is entered, you are required to enter an Encryption Key. You can
manually enter 26 hexadecimal characters (required for 128-bit encryption) or you can use a WEP
Key provider online (example: www.powerdog.com/wepkey.cgi). WEP Key providers should
note on their website that their encryption algorithm is for the Wired Equivalent Privacy portion
of IEEE 802.11b/g.
WEP Key Provider Steps
1. Input 26 alphanumeric characters as your Passphrase.
Remember your Passphrase.
PASSPHRASE TO HEXADECIMAL WEP KEYS
2. Click the Generate Keys button.
Enter the passphrase below.
1009egbck001036ab
1009egbck001036ab
Your Hexadecimal WEP
Keys appear.
Generate keys
PASSPHRASE TO HEXADECIMAL WEP KEYS
The passphrase 1009egbcke001306ab produces the following keys:
64-BIT (40-BIT KEYS)
1. AA43FB768D
2. 637D8DB9CE
3. AFDE50AF61
4. 0c35E73E25
128-BIT (104-BIT) KEY
041D7773D8B2C1D97BE9531DC
3.
Input the 128-bit Key in the Change Key section of the WLAN Settings (6).
Continue inputting settings.
4.
Press ‘S’ to Save your settings.
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6.4: Network Module Hardware Initialization
If you don’t know your current Network Module settings, or if the settings are lost, you can use
this method to initialize the hardware with known settings you can then work with.
Right Side of Main Board
Reset
Button
JP3
JP2
1.
Place a shorting block on JP3 and press the Reset button on the main board.
NOTE: JP3 is located at the right hand side, upper corner of the main board. The
shorting block can be “borrowed” from JP2, located at the middle, right hand side. See the
figure shown above.
2. After you press the Reset button, relocate the jumper back to JP2.
3. Make sure your settings are the same as those in Section 6.2.1. Follow the steps in Section 6.3
to configure the Network Module.
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Chapter 7
Using the Submeter
7.1: Introduction
Q
The Shark® 100-S Submeter can be configured and a variety of functions can be accomplished simply by using the Elements and the Buttons on the submeter face. This chapter will review Front
Panel Navigation. Complete Navigation Maps can be found in Appendix A of this manual.
7.1.A: Submeter Face Elements
•
•
•
•
•
•
Reading Type Indicator:
Indicates Type of Reading
IrDA Communication Port:
Com 1 Port for Wireless
Communication
% of Load Bar:
Graphic Display of Amps
as % of the Load
Parameter Designator:
Indicates Reading Displayed
Watt-Hour Test Pulse:
Energy Pulse Output to Test
Accuracy
Scale Selector:
Kilo or Mega multiplier of
Displayed Readings
Parameter
Designator
Reading Type
Indicator
IrDA
Comm
Port
Watt-Hour
Test Pulse
% of
Load Bar
Scale
Selector
Figure 7.1: Face Plate of 100-S with Elements
7.1.B: Submeter Face Buttons
Q
Using Menu, Enter, Down and Right
Buttons, perform the following functions:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
View Submeter Information
Enter Display Modes
Configure Parameters
(Password Protected)
Perform Resets
Perform LED Checks
Change Settings
View Parameter Values
Scroll Parameter Values
View Limit States
Menu
Enter
Down
Right
Figure 7.2: Face Plate of 100-S with Buttons
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Q
Enter Button:
Press and release to enter one of four Display Modes
Operating Mode (Default),
Reset Mode (ENTER once, then Down)
Settings Mode (ENTER twice, then Down) and
Configuration Mode (ENTER three times, then Down)
Q
Menu Button:
Press and release to navigate Config Menu, return to Main Menu
Q
Right Button:
Operating Mode - Max, Min, %THD, Del kW, Net kW, Total kW
Reset Mode - Yes, No
Settings Mode - On, Off, Settings
Config Mode - Password Digits, Available Values, Digits
Q
Down Button:
Scroll DOWN through Mode menus
Q
Use Buttons in Modes of Operation:
Operating Mode (default): View Parameter Values
Reset Mode: Reset Stored Max and Min Values
Settings Mode: View Submeter Setting Parameters and Change Scroll Setting
Configuration Mode: Change Submeter Configuration (Can be Password Protected)
NOTE: The above is a brief overview of the use of the Buttons. For Programming, refer to Chapter 8.
For complete Navigation Maps, refer to Appendix A of this manual.
7.2: % of Load Bar
Q
The 10-segment LED bargraph at the bottom of the submeter display provides a graphic representation of Amps. The segments light according to the load in the %Load Segment Table below.
When the Load is over 120% of Full Load, all segments flash “On” (1.5 secs) and “Off” (0.5 secs).
% Load Segment Table
Segments
Load >= % Full Load
none
no load
1
1%
1-2
15%
1-3
30%
1-4
45%
1-5
60%
1-6
72%
1-7
84%
1-8
96%
1-9
108%
1 - 10
120%
All Blink
>120%
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7.3: Watt-H
Hour Accuracy Testing (Verification)
Q
The Shark® 100-S meter has a Watt-Hour Test Pulse on the face of the submeter. This is an infrared
pulse that can be read easily to test for accuracy.
Q
To be certified for revenue metering, power providers and utility companies have to verify that the
billing energy submeter will perform to the stated accuracy. To confirm the submeter’s performance
and calibration, power providers use field test standards to ensure that the unit’s energy measurements are correct. Since the Shark® 100-S meter is a traceable revenue submeter, it contains a utility grade test pulse that can be used to gate an accuracy standard. This is an essential feature
required of all billing grade meters and submeters.
Refer to Figure 5.2 below for an example of how this process works.
Refer to the Table below for the Wh/Pulse Constant for Accuracy Testing.
Figure 7.3: Using the Watt-Hour Test Pulse
7.3.1: KYZ Pulse Constants
Infrared & KYZ Pulse Constants for Accuracy Testing
Voltage Level
Class 10 Models
Class 2 Models
Below 150V
0.2505759630
0.0501151926
Above 150V
1.0023038521
0.2004607704
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7.4: Upgrade the Submeter Using V-S
SwitchΤΜ Technology
Q
The Shark® 100-S meter is equipped with V-SwitchΤΜ technology. V-SwitchΤΜ technology is a
virtual firmware-based switch that allows you to enable submeter features through communication.
This allows the unit to be upgraded after installation to a higher model without removing the unit
from service.
Q
Available V-SwitchΤΜ keys
V-Switch 3 (-V3): Volts, Amps, kW, kVAR, PF, kVA, Freq., kWh, kVAh, kVARh & DNP 3.0
V-Switch 4 (-V4): Volts, Amps, kW, kVAR, PF, kVA, Freq., kWh, kVAh, kVARh, %THD
Monitoring, Limit Exceeded Alarms & DNP.3.0
Q
To change the V-SwitchΤΜ key, follow these simple steps:
1. Install Communicator EXT 3.0 in your computer.
2. Set up the Shark® 100-S submeter to communicate with your computer (see Chapter 5);
power up your submeter.
3. Log on to Communicator EXT 3.0 software.
4. Click on the Profile Icon. A set of screens appears.
5. The first screen is the Settings screen.
Click CHANGE V-SWITCH.
A small screen appears that requests a
code (shown here).
7. Enter the code which EIG provides.
7. Click OK.
The V-SwitchΤΜ key has been changed and
the submeter resets.
NOTE: For more details on software configuration,
refer to the Communiator EXT 3.0 User Manual.
Q
How do I get a V-SwitchΤΜ key?
V-SwitchΤΜ keys are based on the particular serial number of the ordered submeter. To obtain a
higher V-SwitchΤΜ key, you need to provide EIG with the following information:
1. Serial Number or Numbers of the submeters for which you desire an upgrade.
2. Desired V-SwitchΤΜ key upgrade.
3. Credit Card or Purchase Order Number.
Contact EIG’s inside sales staff with the above information at [email protected] or
(516) 334-0870 (USA) and EIG will issue you the Upgrade Code.
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Chapter 8
Configuring the Shark® 100-S
S Meter with the Front Panel
Reading Type Indicator
Parameter Designator
8.1: Overview
Q
The Shark® 100-S meter’s front panel
can be used to configure the submeter.
The front panel has three MODES:
IrDA
Operating Mode (Default),
Comm
Reset Mode and
Port
Configuration Mode.
The MENU, ENTER, DOWN and
RIGHT buttons navigate through the
MODES and navigate through all the
SCREENS in each mode.
In this chapter, a typical set up is
demonstrated. Other settings are
possible. The complete Navigation
Map for the Display Modes is in
% of Load Bar
Scale Selector
Appendix A of this manual. The submeter can also be configured with software
Figure 8.1: Shark® 100-S Meter Label
(see Communicator EXT 3.0 Manual).
WattHour
Test
Pulse
8.2: Start Up
Q
Upon Power Up, the submeter will display a sequence of
screens. The sequence includes the following screens:
Lamp Test Screen where all LEDs are lighted
Lamp Test Screen where all digits are lighted
Firmware Screen showing build number
Error Screen (if an error exists)
The Shark® 100-S meter will then automatically Auto-Scroll
the Parameter Designators on the right side of the front
panel. Values are displayed for each parameter.
The KILO or MEGA LED lights, showing the scale
for the Wh, VARh and VAh readings.
An example of a Wh reading is shown here.
Q
Figure 8.2: Wh Reading Detail
The meter will continue to scroll through the Parameter Designators, providing readings until one of
the buttons on the front panel is pushed, causing the submeter to enter one of the other MODES.
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8.3: Configuration
8.3.1: Main Menu
Q
Push MENU from any of the Auto-Scrolling Readings. The MAIN MENU Screens appear.
The String for Reset Mode (rSt) appears (blinking) in the A Screen.
If you push DOWN, the MENU scrolls and the String for Configuration Mode (CFG) appears
(blinking) in the A Screen.
If you push DOWN again, the String for Operating Mode (OPr) appears (blinking) in the A
Screen.
If you push DOWN again, the MENU scrolls back to Reset Mode (rSt).
If you push ENTER from the Main Menu, the submeter enters the Mode that is in the A Screen
and is blinking. See Appendix A for the Navigation Map.
8.3.2: Reset Mode
Q
If you push ENTER from the Main Menu, the submeter enters the Mode that is in the A Screen and
is blinking. Reset Mode is the first mode to appear on the Main Menu. Push ENTER while (rSt) is
in the A Screen and the “RESET ALL? no” screen appears. Reset ALL resets all Max and Min
values. See Appendix A for Navigation Map.
If you push ENTER again, the
Main Menu continues to scroll.
The DOWN button does not
change the screen.
If you push the RIGHT button, the
RESET All? YES screen appears.
To Reset All, you must enter a
4-digit Password, if Enabled in the
software.
Push ENTER; the following
Password screen appears.
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8.3.2.1: Enter Password (ONLY IF ENABLED IN SOFTWARE)
Q
To enter a Password:
If PASSWORD is Enabled in the software (see Communicator EXT section 5.22 to Enable/
Change Password), a screen appears requesting the Password. PASS appears in the A
Screen and 4 dashes in the B Screen. The LEFT digit is flashing.
Use the DOWN button to scroll from 0 to 9 for the flashing digit. When the correct number
appears for that digit, use the RIGHT button to move to the next digit.
Example: On the Password screens below:
On the left screen, four dashes appear and the left digit is flashing.
On the right screen, 2 digits have been entered and the third digit is flashing.
Q
PASS or FAIL
When all 4 digits have been entered, push ENTER.
If the correct Password has been entered, “rSt ALL donE” appears and the screen returns to
Auto-Scroll the Parameters.
(In other Modes, the screen returns to the screen to be changed. The left digit of the
setting is flashing and the Program (PRG) LED flashes on the left side of the
submeter face.)
If an incorrect Password has been entered, “PASS ---- FAIL” appears and the screen returns to
Reset ALL? YES.
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8.3.3: Configuration Mode
Q
The next Mode on the Main Menu is Configuration Mode. See Appendix A for Navigation Map.
To reach Configuration Mode, push the MENU Button from any of the Auto-Scrolling Readings,
then push the DOWN button to reach the String for Configuration Mode (CFG).
Push ENTER and the Configuration Parameters scroll, starting at the “SCROLL, Ct, Pt” screen.
Push the DOWN Button to scroll all the parameters: Scroll, CT, PT, Connection (Cnct) and Port.
The ‘Active” parameter is in the A Screen and is flashing.
8.3.3.1: Configure Scroll Feature
Push ENTER and the Scroll no screen appears.
Push RIGHT and changes to Scroll YES.
When in Scroll Mode, the unit scrolls each parameter for 7 seconds on and 1 second off. The
submeter can be configured through software to display only selected screens. If that is the case, it
will only scroll the selected display. Additionally, the submeter will only scroll the display enabled
by the V-Switch that is installed.
Push ENTER (YES or no) and the screen scrolls to the Ct Parameters.
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8.3.3.2: Program Configuration Mode Screens
Q
To program the screens in Configuration Mode, other than SCROLL:
1. Push DOWN or RIGHT button (Example Ct-n screen below).
2. The Password screen appears, if Enabled (see section 5.22). Use the DOWN and RIGHT buttons
to enter the PASSWORD. See section 8.3.2.1 for all Password steps.
Once the correct password is entered, push ENTER. The Ct-n screen reappears. The Program
(PRG) LED flashes on the left side of the submeter face.
The first digit of the setting will also flash.
3. Use the DOWN button to change the digit.
Use the RIGHT Button to move to the next digit.
4. When the new setting is entered, push MENU twice.
The STORE ALL screen appears.
5. Use the RIGHT Button to scroll
from YES to no.
6. While in STORE ALL YES, push
ENTER to change the setting.
Store All Done appears.
Then, the submeter RESETS.
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8.3.3.3: Configure CT Setting
Push the DOWN Button to scroll all the parameters in Configuration Mode: Scroll, CT, PT,
Connection (Cnct) and Port. The ‘Active” parameter is in the A Screen and is flashing.
Push ENTER when CT is the ‘Active’ parameter and the Ct-n (Numerator) screen appears.
Push ENTER and the screen changes to Ct-d (Denominator).
The Ct-d screen is PRESET to a 5 or 1 Amp value at the factory and cannot be changed.
ENTER again changes the screen to Ct-S (Scaling). The Ct-S setting can be ‘1’, ‘10’ or ‘100’.
To program these settings (except Ct-d), see section 8.3.3.2 above.
NOTE: Ct-d
is FIXED to
a 5 or 1 Amp
Value.
Example Settings:
200/5 Amps:
800/5 Amps:
2,000/5 Amps:
10,000/5 Amps:
Set the Ct-n value for 200 and the Ct-S value for 1.
Set the Ct-n value for 800 and the Ct-S value for 1.
Set the Ct-n value for 2000 and the Ct-S value for 1.
Set the Ct-n value for 1000 and the Ct-S value for 10.
NOTE: The value for Amps is a product of the Ct-n value and the Ct-S value.
Q
Push ENTER and the screen scrolls through the other CFG parameters.
Push DOWN or RIGHT and the Password screen appears (see section 8.3.2.1).
Push MENU and you will return to the MAIN MENU.
NOTE:
Ct-n and Ct-S are dictated by Primary Current.
Ct-d is Secondary Current.
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8.3.3.4: Configure PT Setting
Push the DOWN Button to scroll all the parameters in Configuration Mode: Scroll, CT, PT,
Connection (Cnct) and Port. The ‘Active” parameter is in the A Screen and is flashing.
Push ENTER when PT is the ‘Active’ parameter and the Pt-n (Numerator) screen appears.
Push ENTER and the screen changes to Pt-d (Denominator).
ENTER again changes the screen to Pt-S (Scaling). The Pt-S setting can be ‘1’, ‘10’ or ‘100’.
To program any of these settings, see section 8.3.3.2 above.
Example Settings:
14,400/120 Volts:
138,000/69 Volts:
345,000/115Volts:
345,000/69 Volts:
Q
Pt-n value is 1440, Pt-d value is 120, Pt-S value is 10.
Pt-n value is 1380, Pt-d value is 69, Pt-S value is 100.
Pt-n value is 3450, Pt-d value is 115, Pt-S value is 100.
Pt-n value is 345, Pt-d value is 69, Pt-S value is 1000.
Push ENTER and the screen scrolls through the other CFG parameters.
Push DOWN or RIGHT and the Password screen appears (see section 8.3.2.1).
Push MENU and you will return to the MAIN MENU.
NOTE:
Pt-n and Pt-S are dictated by Primary Voltage.
Pt-d is Secondary Voltage.
e Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc # E145721
8-7
8.3.3.5: Configure Connection (Cnct) Setting
Push the DOWN Button to scroll all the parameters in Configuration Mode: Scroll, CT, PT,
Connection (Cnct) and Port. The ‘Active” parameter is in the A Screen and is flashing.
Push ENTER when Cnct is the ‘Active’ parameter and the Connection screen appears for your
submeter. To change this setting, use the RIGHT button to scroll through the three settings. Select
the setting that is right for your submeter.
Q
The possible Connection configurations include:
•
•
•
3 Element WYE
2.5 Element WYE
2 CT Delta
3 Element Wye
Q
2.5 Element Wye
2 CT Delta
Push ENTER and the screen scrolls through the other CFG parameters.
Push DOWN or RIGHT and the Password screen appears (see section 8.3.2.1).
Push MENU and you will return to the MAIN MENU.
e Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc # E145721
8-8
8.3.3.6: Configure Communication Port Setting
Push the DOWN Button to scroll all the parameters in Configuration Mode: Scroll, CT, PT,
Connection (Cnct) and Port. The ‘Active” parameter is in the A Screen and is flashing.
Push ENTER when PORT is the ‘Active’ parameter and your submeter’s POrt screens appear.
Q
To program the PORT screens, see section 8.3.3.2.
Q
The possible PORT configurations include:
Address (Adr) (Three digit number)
BAUD (bAUd) 9600, 19.2, 38.4, 57.6
Protocol (Prot): DNP 3.0 (dnP)
Modbus (Mod) RTU (rtU)
Modbus (Mod) ASCII (ASCI)
Q
The first PORT screen is Address (Adr).
The current Address appears on the screen.
Follow the Programming steps in section 8.3.3.2 to change the Address.
Address 005
Q
The Baud Rate (bAUd) appears next. The current Baud Rate appears on the screen. To change the
setting, follow the Programming steps in section 8.3.3.2. Possible screens appear below.
Q
The Protocol (Prot) appears next. The current Protocol appears on the screen. To change the
setting, follow the Programming steps in section 8.3.3.2. Possible screens appear below.
NOTE: JP2 must be in positions 1-2 for RS485 or positions 2-3 for Ethernet. Refer to Chapter 5 of
this manual, sections 5.1.2, 5.1.4, and 5.2.2 for related Communication instructions.
Baud Rate 9600
Modbus RTU Protocol
Q
Baud Rate 19,200
Baud Rate 38,400
Modbus ASCII Protocol
Baud Rate 57,600
DNP 3.0 Protocol
Push ENTER and the screen scrolls through the other CFG parameters.
Push DOWN or RIGHT and the Password screen appears (see section 8.3.2.1).
Push MENU and you will return to the MAIN MENU.
e Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc # E145721
8-9
8.3.4: Operating Mode
Q
Operating Mode is the Shark® 100-S submeter’s Default Mode. After Start Up, the submeter
automatically scrolls through these parameter screens, if scrolling is enabled. The screen changes
every 7 seconds. Scrolling is suspended for 3 minutes after any button is pressed.
Q
Push the DOWN Button to scroll all the parameters in Operating Mode.
The ‘Active” parameter has the Indicator light next to it on the right face of the submeter..
Push the RIGHT Button to view additional readings for that Parameter.
A Table of the possible readings for Operating Mode is below.
See Appendix A (Sheet 2) for the Operating Mode Navigation Map.
OPERATING MODE PARAMETER READINGS
Parameter
Designator
Available by
V-Switch Key
Possible Readings
VOLTS L-N V1-4 VOLTS_LN
VOLTS_LN_ VOLTS_LN_
MAX
MIN
VOLTS L-L V1-4
VOLTS_LL_ VOLTS_LL_
MAX
MIN
AMPS
V1-4
VOLTS_LL
AMPS
AMPS_
NEUTRAL
V4 Only
VOLTS_LN
_THD
AMPS_MAX AMPS_MIN
W/VAR/PF V2-4 W_VAR_PF
W_VAR_PF W_VAR_PF W_VAR_PF W_VAR_PF
_MAX_POS _MIN_POS _MAX_NEG _MIN_NEG
VA/Hz
V2-4
VA_FREQ
VA_FREQ_ VA_FREQ_
MAX
MIN
Wh
V3-4
KWH_REC
KWH_DEL
KWH_NET
KWH_TOT
VARh
V3-4
KVARH_
POS
KVARH_
NEG
KVARH_
NET
KVARH_
TOT
VAh
V3-4
KVAH
AMPS_THD
NOTE: Reading or Groups of readings are skipped if not applicable to the submeter type or hookup, or
if explicitly disabled in the programmable settings.
NOTE: AMPS_NEUTRAL (Neutral Current) appears for Wye hookups only.
e Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc # E145721
8-10
Appendix A
Navigation Maps for the Shark® 100-S Meter
A.1: Introduction
Q
The Shark® 100-S meter can be configured and a variety of functions performed using the
Buttons on the meter face.
• An Overview of the Elements and Buttons on the meter face can be found in
Chapter 7.
• An Overview of Programming using the Buttons can be found in Chapter 8.
• The meter can also be programmed using software (see the Communicator EXT 3.0
User Manual).
A.2: Navigation Maps (Sheets 1 to 4)
Q
The Shark® 100-S meter’s Navigation Maps begin on the next page.
They illustrate how to move from one screen to another, and from one Display Mode to
another, using the buttons on the face of the meter.
NOTE: After 10 minutes without user activity, the display automatically returns to
Operating Mode
Q
Shark® 100-S meter Navigation map titles:
Main Menu Screens (Sheet 1)
Operating Mode Screens (Sheet 2)
Reset Mode Screens (Sheet 3)
Configuration Mode Screens (Sheet 4)
E Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc # E145721
A-1
Main Menu Screens (Sheet 1)
STARTUP
sequence run once at meter
startup. 2 lamp test screens,
hardware information screen,
firmware version screen, error
screen (conditional)
sequence completed
10 minutes with no user activity
OPERATING MODE
10 minutes
with no user
activity
MENU
10 minutes with no user activity
grid of meter data
screens See Sheet 2
ENTER
MENU
MENU
CONFIGURATION MODE*
grid of meter settings
screens with passwordprotected edit capability.
See Sheet 4
RESET MODE
ENTER
MAIN MENU:
CFG (blinking)
OPR
RST
DOWN
DOWN
MAIN MENU:
OPR(blinking)
RST
CFG
MAIN MENU:
RST (blinking)
CFG
OPR
ENTER
sequence of screens to
get password, if required,
and reset meter data.
See Sheet 3
DOWN
MENU
*Configuration Mode is not
available during a
Programmable Settings
update via a COM Port.
MAIN MENU Screen
MAIN MENU screen scrolls through 3 choices, showing all 3 at once. The top choice is always the "active"
one, which is indicated by the blinking legend.
MENU
BUTTONS
Returns to previous menu from any screen in any mode.
ENTER
Indicates acceptance of the current screen and advances to the next one.
DOWN, RIGHT
Navigation:
Navigation and Edit buttons
No digits or legends are blinking. On a menu, DOWN advances to the next menu selection, RIGHT does nothing.
In a grid of screens, DOWN advances to the next row, RIGHT advances to the next column.
Rows, columns and menus all navigate circularly.
A digit or legend is blinking to indicate that it is eligible for change. When a digit is blinking, DOWN increases
the digit value, RIGHT moves to the next digit. When a legend is blinking, either button advances to the next
choice legend.
Editing:
single
screen
all screens
for a display
mode
group of
screens
E Electro Industries/GaugeTech
action
taken
button
Doc # E145721
A-2
Operating Mode Screens (Sheet 2)
See Notes 1 & 3
RIGHT
VOLTS_LN
RIGHT
VOLTS_LN_
MAX
DOWN2
(from any VOLTS_LN
screen)
VOLTS_LN_
MIN
RIGHT
VSwitch 4
Only
VOLTS_LN_
THD
RIGHT
DOWN2
SeeNote
Note11
See
RIGHT
VOLTS_LL
RIGHT
VOLTS_LL_
MAX
VSwitches 1 - 4
VOLTS_LL_
MIN
RIGHT
DOWN2
(from any VOLTS_LL
screen)
See Note 1
See Note 1
RIGHT
AMPS
See Notes 1 & 3
AMPS_
NEUTRAL
RIGHT
RIGHT
AMPS_MAX
RIGHT
See Note 1
AMPS_MIN
RIGHT
VSwitch 4
Only
AMPS_THD
DOWN2
(from any AMPS screen)
DOWN2
See Note 1
RIGHT
DOWN2
W_VAR_PF
W_VAR_PF
_MAX_POS
RIGHT
RIGHT
W_VAR_PF
_MIN_POS
RIGHT
W_VAR_PF
_MAX_NEG
W_VAR_PF
_MIN_NEG
RIGHT
DOWN2
(from any W_VAR_PF screen)
KEY:
See Note 1
RIGHT
VA_FREQ
RIGHT
VA_FREQ_
MAX
RIGHT
VSwitches 1-4
VSwitches 2-4
VSwitches
2-4
VA_FREQ_
MIN
VSwitches 3-4
VSwitch 4 Only
DOWN2
(from any VA_FREQ screen)
RIGHT
KWH_RE C
RIGHT
KWH_DEL
RIGHT
See Note 1
KWH_NET
RIGHT
VSwitches 3 - 4
KWH_TOT
DOWN2
(from any KWH screen)
RIGHT
KVARH_POS
RIGHT
KVARH_NEG
RIGHT
See Note 1
KVARH_NET
RIGHT
KVARH_TOT
DOWN2
(from any KVARH screen)
See Note 1
KVAH
NOTES
1. Group is skipped if not applicable to the meter type or hookup, or if explicitly
disabled via programmable settings.
2. DOWN occurs without user intervention every 7 seconds if scrolling is enabled.
3. No Volts_LN screens for Delta 2 CT hookup.
4. Scrolling is suspended for 3 minutes after any button press.
5. AMPS_NEUTRAL appears for WYE hookups.
MENU
(from any
operating mode
screen)
E Electro Industries/GaugeTech
to Main Menu
(see Main Menu
for overview)
Doc # E145721
A-3
Reset Mode Screens (Sheet 3)
from MAIN MENU
RESET_NO:
RST
ALL?
no (blinking)
RESET_YES:
RST
ALL?
yes (blinking)
RIGHT
RIGHT
ENTER
2 sec
is password
required?
no
yes
increment
blinking digit
DOWN
ENTER
RESET_ENTER_PW:
PASS
#### (one # blinking)
make next
digit blink
RIGHT
ENTER
reset all max
& min values
yes
is password
correct?
no
RESET_PW_FAIL:
PASS
####
FAIL
RESET_CONFIRM:
RESET
ALL
DONE
2 sec
to previous operating
mode screen
see sheet 2
Menu
(from any reset
mode screen)
to Main Menu
see sheet 1
E Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc # E145721
A-4
Configuration Mode Screens (Sheet 4)
See Note 1
CONFIG_MENU:
SCRL ( blinking)
CT
PT
ENTER
SCROLL_EDIT:
SCRL
yes or no
DOWN or
RIGHT3
(choice blinking if edit)
toggle
scroll
setting
DOWN
ENTER
MENU
ENTER
CONFIG_MENU:
CT( blinking)
PT
CNCT
DOWN
DOWN
increment
blinking
digit
MENU
ENTER
CTD_EDIT:
CT-N
####
ENTER
RIGHT
blink
next
digit
(one # blinking if edit)
CT_MULT_EDIT:
CT-S
1 or 10 or 100
CTD_SHOW:
CT-D
1 or 5
DOWN or
RIGHT
(choice blinking if edit)
show
next
choice
ENTER
ENTER
CONFIG_MENU:
PT( blinking)
CNCT
PORT
ENTER
DOWN
DOWN
increment
blinking
digit
MENU
DOWN
CONFIG_MENU:
CNCT( blinking)
PORT
PASS2
RIGHT
blink
next
digit
(one # blinking if edit)
increment
blinking
digit
CONNECT_EDIT:
CNCT
1 of 3 choices
MENU
PT_MULT_EDIT:
PT-S
1, 10, 100 or 1000
RIGHT
(one # blinking if edit)
DOWN
or RIGHT
(choice blinking if edit)
show
next
choice
CNCT choices:
3 EL WYE,
2 CT DEL,
2.5 EL WYE
Protocol Choices:
RTU, ASCI, DNP
ENTER
DOWN
MENU2
increment
blinking
digit
CONFIG_MENU:
PASS2 ( blinking)
SCRL
CT
ADDRESS_EDIT:
ADR
###
DOWN
increment
blinking
digit
ENTER
RIGHT
blink
next
digit
(one # blinking )
ENTER
CONFIG_MENU screen
scrolls through 6 choices,
showing 3 at a time. The
top choice is always the
"active" one, indicated by
the blinking legend.
BAUD_EDIT:
BAUD
##.#
DOWN or
RIGHT
show
next
choice
(choice blinking if edit )
PROTOCOL_EDIT:
PROT
1 of 3 choices
DOWN or
RIGHT
show
next
choice
(choice blinking if edit)
ENTER2
PASSWORD_EDIT:
PASS
####
Notes:
1. Initial access is view only. View access shows the existing settings. At the
first attempt to change a setting (DOWN or RIGHT pressed), password is
requested(if enabled) and access changes to edit. Edit access blinks the
digit or list choice eligible for change and lights the PRG LED.
2. Skip over password edit screen and menu selection if access is view only.
3. Scroll setting may be changed with view or edit access.
4. ENTER accepts an edit; MENU abandons it.
RIGHT
blink
next
digit
(one # blinking )
first DOWN or RIGHT in view
access (if password required)
See Note 1
MENU
MENU
(per row of the originating screen)
SAVE_YES:
STOR
ALL?
yes
yes
ENTER
DOWN
save new
configuration
increment
blinking
digit
yes (blinking )
no
MENU
RIGHT
RIGHT
SAVE_CONFIRM:
STOR
ALL
DONE
2 sec
to Main Menu
see sheet 1
show
next
choice
ENTER
DOWN2
any
changes?
DOWN or
RIGHT
(choice blinking if edit)
blink
next
digit
ENTER
ENTER
CONFIG_MENU:
PORT( blinking)
PASS2
SCRL
ENTER
PTD_EDIT:
PT-D
####
DOWN
ENTER
MENU
DOWN
PTN_EDIT:
PT-N
####
MENU
SAVE_NO:
STOR
ALL?
no (blinking )
CFG_ENTER_PW:
PASS
### (one # blinking )
ENTER
is password
correct?
RIGHT
yes
blink
next
digit
to the originating
EDIT screen
no
reboot
ENTER
E Electro Industries/GaugeTech
to previous operating
mode screen
see sheet 2
Doc # E145721
A-5
E Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc # E145721
A-6
Appendix B
Modbus Mapping for Shark® 100-S Meter
B.1: Introduction
Q
The Modbus Map for the Shark® 100-S meter gives details and information about the possible
readings of the meter and about the programming of the meter. The Shark® 100-S meter can be
programmed using the buttons on the face plate of the meter (Chapter 8). The meter can also be
programmed using software. For a Programming Overview, see section 5.2 of this manual. For
further programming details, see the Communicator EXT 3.0 User Manual.
B.2: Modbus Register Map Sections
Q
The Shark® 100-S meter's Modbus Register Map includes the following sections:
Fixed Data Section, Registers 1- 47, details the Meter’s Fixed Information described in Section 8.2.
Meter Data Section, Registers 1000 - 5003, details the Meter’s Readings, including Primary
Readings, Energy Block, Demand Block, Maximum and Minimum Blocks, THD Block, Phase Angle
Block and Status Block. Operating Mode readings are described in Section 8.3.4.
Commands Section, Registers 20000 - 26011, details the Meter’s Resets Block, Programming Block,
Other Commands Block and Encryption Block.
Programmable Settings Section, Registers 30000 - 30067, details the Meter’s Basic Setups.
Secondary Readings Section, Registers 40001 - 40100, details the Meter’s Secondary Readings
Setups.
B.3: Data Formats
Q
ASCII:
Q
SINT16/UINT16: 16-bit signed/unsigned integer.
Q
SINT32/UINT32: 32-bit signed/unsigned integer spanning 2 registers. The lower-addressed
register is the high order half.
Q
FLOAT:
ASCII characters packed 2 per register in high, low order and without any
termination charcters.
Example: “Shark 100” would be 4 registers containing 0x5378, 0x6172,
0x6B31, 0x3030.
32-bit IEEE floating point number spanning 2 registers. The lower-addressed
register is the high order half (i.e., contains the exponent).
eElectro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc # E145721
B-1
B.4: Floating Point Values
Q
Floating Point Values are represented in the following format:
0
Register
1
0
Byte
1
0
1
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
7
6
Meaning
s
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m
4
3
2
1
0
7
6
5
4
exponent
sign
Q
5
3
2
1
0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
m m m m
mantissa
The formula to interpret a Floating Point Value is: -1sign x 2exponent-127x1.mantissa = 0x0C4E11DB9
−1sign x 2137 −127 x1i11000010001110110111001
−1x 210 x1.75871956
−1800.929
0x0C4E1
Register
Bit
Meaning
Q
0x01DB9
0x0C4
Byte
0x0E1
0x01D
0x0B91
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
0
1
1
1
0
0
1
s
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m
sign
exponent
mantissa
1
0x089 = 137
0b011000010001110110111001
Formula Explanation
C4E11DB9 (hex)
11000100 11100001 00011101 10111001 (binary)
The sign of the mantissa (and therefore the number) is 1, which represents a negative value.
The Exponent is 10001001 (binary) or 137 decimal.
The Exponent is a value in excess 127. So, the Exponent value is 10.
The Mantissa is 11000010001110110111001 binary.
With the implied leading 1, the Mantissa is (1).C23B72 (hex).
The Floating Point Representation is therefore -1.75871956 times 2 to the 10.
Decimal equivalent: -1800.929
NOTE:
Exponent = the whole number before the decimal point.
Mantissa = the positive fraction after the decimal point.
B.5: Modbus Register Map (MM-1
1 to MM-8
8)
Q
The Shark® 100-S meter's Modbus Register Map begins on the following page.
eElectro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc # E145721
B-2
Modbus Address
Hex
Description1
Decimal
Format
Range6
Units or
Resolution
#
Reg
Comments
Fixed Data Section
Identification Block
0000 - 0007
1 - 8
0008 - 000F
9 - 16
0010 - 0010
17 - 17
read-only
Meter Name
Meter Serial Number
Meter Type
ASCII
ASCII
UINT16
16 char
16 char
bit-mapped
none
none
-------t -----vvv
0011 - 0012
0013 - 0013
0014 - 0014
18 - 19
20 - 20
21 - 21
Firmware Version
Map Version
Meter Configuration
ASCII
UINT16
UINT16
4 char
0 to 65535
bit-mapped
none
none
-------- --ffffff
0015 - 0015
0016 - 0026
0027 - 002E
22 - 22
23 - 39
40 - 47
ASIC Version
Reserved
GE Part Number
UINT16
0-65535
none
ASCII
16 char
none
8
8
1
t = transducer model (1=yes, 0=no),
vvv = V-switch(1 to 4)
2
1
1
ffffff = calibration frequency (50 or 60)
Block Size:
1
17
8
47
Meter Data Section 2
Primary Readings Block, 6 cycles (IEEE Floating Point
0383 - 0384
900 - 901
Watts, 3-Ph total
0385 - 0386
902 - 903
VARs, 3-Ph total
0387 - 0388
904 - 905
VAs, 3-Ph total
read-only
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
-9999 M to +9999 M
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
VARs
VAs
Block Size:
Primary Readings Block, 60 cycles (IEEE Floating Point)
03E7 - 03E8
1000 - 1001
Volts A-N
03E9 - 03EA 1002 - 1003
Volts B-N
03EB - 03EC 1004 - 1005
Volts C-N
03ED - 03EE 1006 - 1007
Volts A-B
03EF - 03F0
1008 - 1009
Volts B-C
03F1 - 03F2
1010 - 1011
Volts C-A
03F3 - 03F4
1012 - 1013
Amps A
03F5 - 03F6
1014 - 1015
Amps B
03F7 - 03F8
1016 - 1017
Amps C
03F9 - 03FA 1018 - 1019
Watts, 3-Ph total
03FB - 03FC 1020 - 1021
VARs, 3-Ph total
03FD - 03FE 1022 - 1023
VAs, 3-Ph total
03FF - 0400
1024 - 1025
Power Factor, 3-Ph total
0401 - 0402
1026 - 1027
Frequency
0403 - 0404
1028 - 1029
Neutral Current
read-only
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
-9999 M to +9999 M
-9999 M to +9999 M
-9999 M to +9999 M
-1.00 to +1.00
0 to 65.00
0 to 9999 M
volts
volts
volts
volts
volts
volts
amps
amps
amps
watts
VARs
VAs
none
Hz
amps
Block Size:
read-only
Primary Energy Block
e Electro Industries/GaugeTech
2
2
2
6
Doc# E145721
MM-1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
30
Modbus Address
Description1
Hex
Decimal
044B - 044C
1100 - 1101
W-hours, Received
SINT32
044D - 044E
1102 - 1103
W-hours, Delivered
SINT32
044F - 0450
0451 - 0452
0453 - 0454
1104 - 1105
1106 - 1107
1108 - 1109
W-hours, Net
W-hours, Total
VAR-hours, Positive
SINT32
SINT32
SINT32
0455
0457
0459
045B
1110
1112
1114
1116
VAR-hours, Negative
VAR-hours, Net
VAR-hours, Total
VA-hours, Total
SINT32
SINT32
SINT32
SINT32
-
0456
0458
045A
045C
-
1111
1113
1115
1117
Primary Demand Block (IEEE Floating Point)
07CF - 07D0 2000 - 2001
Amps A, Average
07D1 - 07D2 2002 - 2003
Amps B, Average
07D3 - 07D4 2004 - 2005
Amps C, Average
07D5 - 07D6 2006 - 2007
Positive Watts, 3-Ph, Average
07D7 - 07D8 2008 - 2009
Positive VARs, 3-Ph, Average
07D9 - 07DA 2010 - 2011
Negative Watts, 3-Ph, Average
07DB - 07DC 2012 - 2013
Negative VARs, 3-Ph, Average
07DD - 07DE 2014 - 2015
VAs, 3-Ph, Average
07DF - 07E0
2016 - 2017
Positive PF, 3-Ph, Average
07E1 - 07E2
2018 - 2019
Negative PF, 3-PF, Average
Format
Range6
0 to 99999999 or
0 to -99999999
0 to 99999999 or
0 to -99999999
-99999999 to 99999999
0 to 99999999
0 to 99999999
Units or
Resolution
Wh per energy format
Wh per energy format
#
Reg
Comments
* Wh received & delivered always have
opposite signs
* Wh received is positive for "view as load",
delivered is positive for "view as generator"
Wh per energy format
Wh per energy format
* 5 to 8 digits
VARh per energy format
* decimal point implied, per energy format
0 to -99999999
VARh per energy format * resolution of digit before decimal point =
-99999999 to 99999999 VARh per energy format units, kilo, or mega, per energy format
0 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
0 to 99999999
VAh per energy format * see note 10
Block Size:
e Electro Industries/GaugeTech
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
18
read-only
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
-9999 M to +9999 M
-9999 M to +9999 M
-9999 M to +9999 M
-9999 M to +9999 M
-9999 M to +9999 M
-1.00 to +1.00
-1.00 to +1.00
amps
amps
amps
watts
VARs
watts
VARs
VAs
none
none
Block Size:
Primary Minimum Block (IEEE Floating Point)
0BB7 - 0BB8 3000 - 3001
Volts A-N, Minimum
0BB9 - 0BBA 3002 - 3003
Volts B-N, Minimum
0BBB - 0BBC 3004 - 3005
Volts C-N, Minimum
0BBD - 0BBE 3006 - 3007
Volts A-B, Minimum
0BBF - 0BC0 3008 - 3009
Volts B-C, Minimum
0BC1 - 0BC2 3010 - 3011
Volts C-A, Minimum
0BC3 - 0BC4 3012 - 3013
Amps A, Minimum Avg Demand
0BC5 - 0BC6 3014 - 3015
Amps B, Minimum Avg Demand
0BC7 - 0BC8 3016 - 3017
Amps C, Minimum Avg Demand
0BC9 - 0BCA 3018 - 3019
Positive Watts, 3-Ph, Minimum Avg Demand
0BCB - 0BCC 3020 - 3021
Positive VARs, 3-Ph, Minimum Avg Demand
0BCD - 0BCE 3022 - 3023
Negative Watts, 3-Ph, Minimum Avg Demand
0BCF - 0BD0 3024 - 3025
Negative VARs, 3-Ph, Minimum Avg Demand
0BD1 - 0BD2 3026 - 3027
VAs, 3-Ph, Minimum Avg Demand
0BD3 - 0BD4 3028 - 3029
Positive Power Factor, 3-Ph, Minimum Avg Demand
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
20
read-only
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
0 to +9999 M
0 to +9999 M
0 to +9999 M
0 to +9999 M
-9999 M to +9999 M
-1.00 to +1.00
Doc# E145721
volts
volts
volts
volts
volts
volts
amps
amps
amps
watts
VARs
watts
VARs
VAs
none
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
MM-2
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
0BD5 - 0BD6
0BD7 - 0BD8
3030 - 3031
3032 - 3033
Description1
Negative Power Factor, 3-Ph, Minimum Avg Demand
Frequency, Minimum
Format
FLOAT
FLOAT
Range6
-1.00 to +1.00
0 to 65.00
Units or
Resolution
#
Reg
Comments
none
Hz
Block Size:
read-only
Primary Maximum Block (IEEE Floating Point)
0C1B - 0C1C 3100 - 3101
Volts A-N, Maximum
0C1D - 0C1E 3102 - 3103
Volts B-N, Maximum
0C1F - 0C20 3104 - 3105
Volts C-N, Maximum
0C21 - 0C22 3106 - 3107
Volts A-B, Maximum
0C23 - 0C24 3108 - 3109
Volts B-C, Maximum
0C25 - 0C26 3110 - 3111
Volts C-A, Maximum
0C27 - 0C28 3112 - 3113
Amps A, Maximum Avg Demand
0C29 - 0C2A 3114 - 3115
Amps B, Maximum Avg Demand
0C2B - 0C2C 3116 - 3117
Amps C, Maximum Avg Demand
0C2D - 0C2E 3118 - 3119
Positive Watts, 3-Ph, Maximum Avg Demand
0C2F - 0C30 3120 - 3121
Positive VARs, 3-Ph, Maximum Avg Demand
0C31 - 0C32 3122 - 3123
Negative Watts, 3-Ph, Maximum Avg Demand
0C33 - 0C34 3124 - 3125
Negative VARs, 3-Ph, Maximum Avg Demand
0C35 - 0C36 3126 - 3127
VAs, 3-Ph, Maximum Avg Demand
0C37 - 0C38 3128 - 3129
Positive Power Factor, 3-Ph, Maximum Avg Demand
0C39 - 0C3A 3130 - 3131
Negative Power Factor, 3-Ph, Maximum Avg Demand
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
0 to +9999 M
0 to +9999 M
0 to +9999 M
0 to +9999 M
-9999 M to +9999 M
-1.00 to +1.00
-1.00 to +1.00
0C3B - 0C3C
FLOAT
0 to 65.00
3132 - 3133
Frequency, Maximum
volts
volts
volts
volts
volts
volts
amps
amps
amps
watts
VARs
watts
VARs
VAs
none
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
none
Hz
Block Size:
THD Block7, 13
0F9F - 0F9F
0FA0 - 0FA0
0FA1 - 0FA1
0FA2 - 0FA2
0FA3 - 0FA3
0FA4 - 0FA4
0FA5 - 0FA5
0FA6 - 0FA6
0FA7 - 0FA7
0FA8 - 0FA8
0FA9 - 0FA9
0FAA - 0FAA
0FAB - 0FAB
0FAC - 0FAC
0FAD - 0FAD
0FAE - 0FAE
2
2
34
2
34
read-only
4000
4001
4002
4003
4004
4005
4006
4007
4008
4009
4010
4011
4012
4013
4014
4015
-
4000
4001
4002
4003
4004
4005
4006
4007
4008
4009
4010
4011
4012
4013
4014
4015
Volts A-N, %THD
Volts B-N, %THD
Volts C-N, %THD
Amps A, %THD
Amps B, %THD
Amps C, %THD
Phase A Current 0th harmonic magnitude
Phase A Current 1st harmonic magnitude
Phase A Current 2nd harmonic magnitude
Phase A Current 3rd harmonic magnitude
Phase A Current 4th harmonic magnitude
Phase A Current 5th harmonic magnitude
Phase A Current 6th harmonic magnitude
Phase A Current 7th harmonic magnitude
Phase A Voltage 0th harmonic magnitude
Phase A Voltage 1st harmonic magnitude
e Electro Industries/GaugeTech
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
0 to 9999, or 65535
0 to 9999, or 65535
0 to 9999, or 65535
0 to 9999, or 65535
0 to 9999, or 65535
0 to 9999, or 65535
0 to 65535
0 to 65535
0 to 65535
0 to 65535
0 to 65535
0 to 65535
0 to 65535
0 to 65535
0 to 65535
0 to 65535
Doc# E145721
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
none
none
none
none
none
none
none
none
none
none
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
MM-3
Modbus Address
Hex
0FAF
0FB0
0FB1
0FB9
0FBD
0FC5
-
0FAF
0FB0
0FB8
0FBC
0FC4
0FC8
Description1
Decimal
4016
4017
4018
4026
4030
4038
-
4016
4017
4025
4029
4037
4041
Format
Phase A Voltage 2nd harmonic magnitude
Phase A Voltage 3rd harmonic magnitude
Phase B Current harmonic magnitudes
Phase B Voltage harmonic magnitude
Phase C Current harmonic magnitudes
Phase C Voltage harmonic magnitude
UINT16
UINT16
Range6
0 to 65535
0 to 65535
Units or
Resolution
#
Reg
Comments
none
none
same as Phase A Current 0th to 7th harmonic magnitudes
same as Phase A Voltage 0th to 3rd harmonic magnitudes
same as Phase A Current 0th to 7th harmonic magnitudes
same as Phase A Voltage 0th to 3rd harmonic magnitudes
Block Size:
Phase Angle Block14
1003 - 1003
4100
1004 - 1004
4101
1005 - 1005
4102
1006 - 1006
4103
1007 - 1007
4104
1008 - 1008
4105
1
1
8
4
8
4
42
read-only
-
4100
4101
4102
4103
4104
4105
Phase A Current
Phase B Current
Phase C Current
Angle, Volts A-B
Angle, Volts B-C
Angle, Volts C-A
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
-1800 to +1800
-1800 to +1800
-1800 to +1800
-1800 to +1800
-1800 to +1800
-1800 to +1800
0.1 degree
0.1 degree
0.1 degree
0.1 degree
0.1 degree
0.1 degree
Block Size:
Status Block
1387 - 1387
5000 - 5000
Meter Status
UINT16
bit-mapped
--exnpch ssssssss
1388 - 1388
5001 - 5001
Limits Status7
UINT16
bit-mapped
87654321 87654321
1389 - 138A
5002 - 5003
Time Since Reset
UINT32
0 to 4294967294
4 msec
read-only
exnpch = EEPROM block OK flags
(e=energy, x=max, n=min, p=programmable
settings, c=calibration, h=header),
ssssssss = state (1=Run, 2=Limp, 10=Prog
Set Update via buttons, 11=Prog Set
Update via IrDA, 12=Prog Set Update via
COM2)
high byte is setpt 1, 0=in, 1=out
low byte is setpt 2, 0=in, 1=out
wraps around after max coun
1
1
1
1
1
1
6
1
1
Block Size:
2
4
Commands Section 4
Resets Block9
4E1F - 4E1F 20000 - 20000
4E20 - 4E20 20001 - 20001
write-only
Reset Max/Min Blocks
Reset Energy Accumulators
UINT16
UINT16
password5
password5
Block Size:
Meter Programming Block
55EF - 55EF 22000 - 22000
55F0 - 55F0 22001 - 22001
55F1 - 55F1
22002 - 22002
Initiate Programmable Settings Update
UINT16
UINT16
3
Terminate Programmable Settings Update
3
Calculate Programmable Settings Checksum
e Electro Industries/GaugeTech
password5
any value
UINT16
Doc# E145721
read/conditional write
meter enters PS update mode
meter leaves PS update mode via reset
meter calculates checksum on RAM copy
of PS block
MM-4
1
1
2
1
1
1
Modbus Address
Description1
Hex
Decimal
55F2 - 55F2
22003 - 22003
Programmable Settings Checksum3
UINT16
55F3 - 55F3
22004 - 22004
Write New Password3
UINT16
Format
Range6
Units or
Resolution
#
Reg
Comments
read/write checksum register; PS block
saved in EEPROM on write8
0000 to 9999
1
1
write-only register; always reads zero
59D7 - 59D7 23000 - 23000
Initiate Meter Firmware Reprogramming
UINT16
password5
Block Size:
Other Commands Block
61A7 - 61A7 25000 - 25000
read/write
Force Meter Restart
UINT16
5
1
password
causes a watchdog reset, always reads 0
Block Size:
Encryption Block
658F - 659A 26000 - 26011
1
6
Perform a Secure Operation
read/write
encrypted command to read password or
change meter type
Block Size:
UINT16
1
12
12
Programmable Settings Section
Basic Setups Block
752F - 752F
30000 - 30000
CT multiplier & denominator
UINT16
bit-mapped
dddddddd mmmmmmmm
7530
7531
7532
7533
30001
30002
30003
30004
CT numerator
PT numerator
PT denominator
PT multiplier & hookup
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
1 to 9999
1 to 9999
1 to 9999
bit-mapped
none
none
none
mmmmmmmm MMMMhhhh
-
7530
7531
7532
7533
-
30001
30002
30003
30004
write only in PS update mode
high byte is denominator (1 or 5, read-only),
low byte is multiplier (1, 10, or 100)
MMMMmmmmmmmm is PT multiplier (1,
10, 100, 1000),
hhhh is hookup enumeration (0 = 3 element
wye[9S], 1 = delta 2 CTs[5S], 3 = 2.5
element wye[6S])
1
1
1
1
1
7534 - 7534
30005 - 30005
Averaging Method
UINT16
bit-mapped
--iiiiii b----sss
iiiiii = interval (5,15,30,60)
b = 0-block or 1-rolling
sss = # subintervals (1,2,3,4)
1
7535 - 7535
30006 - 30006
Power & Energy Format
UINT16
bit-mapped
pppp--nn -eee-ddd
pppp = power scale (0-unit, 3-kilo, 6-mega,
8-auto)
nn = number of energy digits (5-8 --> 0-3)
eee = energy scale (0-unit, 3-kilo, 6-mega)
ddd = energy digits after decimal point (0-6)
See note 10.
1
e Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc# E145721
MM-5
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
7536 - 7536
30007 - 30007
Description1
Format
Range6
Units or
Resolution
#
Reg
Comments
Operating Mode Screen Enables
UINT16
bit-mapped
00000000 eeeeeeee
eeeeeeee = op mode screen rows on(1) or
off(0), rows top to bottom are bits low order
to high order
7537 - 753D 30008 - 30014
753E - 753E 30015 - 30015
Reserved
User Settings Flags
UINT16
bit-mapped
---g--nn srp--wf-
g = enable alternate full scale bargraph
current (1=on, 0=off)
nn = number of phases for voltage &
current screens (3=ABC, 2=AB, 1=A,
0=ABC)
s = scroll (1=on, 0=off)
r = password for reset in use (1=on, 0=off)
p = password for configuration in use
(1=on, 0=off)
w = pwr dir (0-view as load, 1-view as
generator)
f = flip power factor sign (1=yes, 0=no)
753F - 753F
30016 - 30016
Full Scale Current (for load % bargraph)
UINT16
0 to 9999
none
If non-zero and user settings bit g is set,
this value replaces CT numerator in the full
scale current calculation.
7540 - 7547
7548 - 7548
30017 - 30024
30025 - 30025
Meter Designation
COM1 setup
ASCII
UINT16
16 char
bit-mapped
none
----dddd -0100110
7549 - 7549
30026 - 30026
COM2 setup
UINT16
bit-mapped
----dddd -ppp-bbb
754A - 754A 30027 - 30027
754B - 754B 30028 - 30028
COM2 address
Limit #1 Identifier
UINT16
UINT16
1 to 247
0 to 65535
none
754C - 754C 30029 - 30029
Limit #1 Out High Setpoint
SINT16
-200.0 to +200.0
0.1% of full scale
754D - 754D 30030 - 30030
Limit #1 In High Threshold
SINT16
-200.0 to +200.0
0.1% of full scale
754E - 754E 30031 - 30031
Limit #1 Out Low Setpoint
SINT16
-200.0 to +200.0
0.1% of full scale
754F - 754F
30032 - 30032
Limit #1 In Low Threshold
SINT16
-200.0 to +200.0
0.1% of full scale
7550
7555
755A
755F
7564
30033
30038
30043
30048
30053
Limit #2
Limit #3
Limit #4
Limit #5
Limit #6
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
-
7554
7559
755E
7563
7568
-
30037
30042
30047
30052
30057
e Electro Industries/GaugeTech
same as Limit #1
Doc# E145721
same as Limit #1
dddd = reply delay (* 50 msec)
ppp = protocol (1-Modbus RTU, 2-Modbus
ASCII, 3-DNP)
bbb = baud rate (1-9600, 2-19200, 438400, 6-57600)
use Modbus address as the identifier (see
notes 7, 11, 12)
Setpoint for the "above" limit (LM1), see
notes 11-12.
Threshold at which "above" limit clears;
normally less than or equal to the "above"
setpoint; see notes 11-12.
Setpoint for the "below" limit (LM2), see
notes 11-12.
Threshold at which "below" limit clears;
normally greater than or equal to the "below
setpoint; see notes 11-12.
1
7
1
1
8
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
5
5
5
5
5
same as Limit #1
MM-6
Modbus Address
Hex
Description1
Decimal
7569 - 756D 30058 - 30062
756E - 7572 30063 - 30067
Limit #7
Limit #8
Format
Units or
Resolution
Range6
#
Reg
Comments
SINT16
SINT16
Block Size:
5
5
68
12-Bit Readings Section
12-Bit Block
9C40
9C41
9C42
9C43
9C44
9C45
9C46
9C47
9C48
9C49
9C4A
-
9C40
9C41
9C42
9C43
9C44
9C45
9C46
9C47
9C48
9C49
9C4A
40001
40002
40003
40004
40005
40006
40007
40008
40009
40010
40011
-
40001
40002
40003
40004
40005
40006
40007
40008
40009
40010
40011
System Sanity Indicator
Volts A-N
Volts B-N
Volts C-N
Amps A
Amps B
Amps C
Watts, 3-Ph total
VARs, 3-Ph total
VAs, 3-Ph total
Power Factor, 3-Ph total
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
0 or 1
2047 to 4095
2047 to 4095
2047 to 4095
0 to 4095
0 to 4095
0 to 4095
0 to 4095
0 to 4095
2047 to 4095
1047 to 3047
none
volts
volts
volts
amps
amps
amps
watts
VARs
VAs
none
9C4B - 9C4B 40012 - 40012
Frequency
UINT16
0 to 2730
Hz
9C4C
9C4D
9C4E
9C4F
9C50
9C51
9C52
9C53
9C54
9C55
9C57
-
9C4C
9C4D
9C4E
9C4F
9C50
9C51
9C52
9C53
9C54
9C56
9C58
40013
40014
40015
40016
40017
40018
40019
40020
40021
40022
40024
-
40013
40014
40015
40016
40017
40018
40019
40020
40021
40023
40025
Volts A-B
Volts B-C
Volts C-A
CT numerator
CT multiplier
CT denominator
PT numerator
PT multiplier
PT denominator
W-hours, Positive
W-hours, Negative
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT32
UINT32
2047 to 4095
2047 to 4095
2047 to 4095
1 to 9999
1, 10, 100
1 or 5
1 to 9999
1, 10, 100
1 to 9999
0 to 99999999
0 to 99999999
volts
volts
volts
none
none
none
none
none
none
Wh per energy format
Wh per energy format
9C59
9C5B
9C5D
9C5F
9C60
9CA3
-
9C5A
9C5C
9C5E
9C5F
9CA2
9CA3
40026
40028
40030
40032
40033
40100
-
40027
40029
40031
40032
40099
40100
VAR-hours, Positive
VAR-hours, Negative
VA-hours
Neutral Current
Reserved
Reset Energy Accumulators
UINT32
UINT32
UINT32
UINT16
N/A
UINT16
0 to 99999999
0 to 99999999
0 to 99999999
0 to 4095
N/A
VARh per energy format
VARh per energy format
VAh per energy format
amps
none
read-only except as noted
0 indicates proper meter operatio
2047= 0, 4095= +150
volts = 150 * (register - 2047) / 2047
0= -10, 2047= 0, 4095= +10
amps = 10 * (register - 2047) / 2047
0= -3000, 2047= 0, 4095= +3000
watts, VARs, VAs =
3000 * (register - 2047) / 2047
1047= -1, 2047= 0, 3047= +1
pf = (register - 2047) / 1000
0= 45 or less, 2047= 60, 2730= 65 or more
freq = 45 + ((register / 4095) * 30)
2047= 0, 4095= +300
volts = 300 * (register - 2047) / 2047
CT = numerator * multiplier / denominator
PT = numerator * multiplier / denominator
* 5 to 8 digits
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
* decimal point implied, per energy format
password5
* resolution of digit before decimal point =
units, kilo, or mega, per energy format
* see note 10
see Amps A/B/C above
write-only register; always reads as 0
Block Size:
e Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc# E145721
MM-7
2
2
2
1
67
1
100
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description1
Format
Range6
Units or
Resolution
#
Reg
Comments
End of Map
Data Formats
ASCII
SINT16 / UINT16
SINT32 / UINT32
FLOAT
Notes
1
ASCII characters packed 2 per register in high, low order and without any termination characters. For example, "Shark100" would be 4 registers containing 0x5378, 0x6172, 0x6B31,
0x3030.
16-bit signed / unsigned integer.
32-bit signed / unsigned integer spanning 2 registers. The lower-addressed register is the high order half.
32-bit IEEE floating point number spanning 2 registers. The lower-addressed register is the high order half (i.e., contains the exponent).
All registers not explicitly listed in the table read as 0. Writes to these registers will be accepted but won't actually change the register (since it doesn't exist).
2
Meter Data Section items read as 0 until first readings are available or if the meter is not in operating mode. Writes to these registers will be accepted but won't actually change the register.
3
Register valid only in programmable settings update mode. In other modes these registers read as 0 and return an illegal data address exception if a write is attempted.
4
Meter command registers always read as 0. They may be written only when the meter is in a suitable mode. The registers return an illegal data address exception if a write is attempted in an incorrect
mode.
If the password is incorrect, a valid response is returned but the command is not executed. Use 5555 for the password if passwords are disabled in the programmable settings.
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
M denotes a 1,000,000 multiplier.
Not applicable to Shark 100, V-Switch 1, 2, or 3
Writing this register causes data to be saved permanently in EEPROM. If there is an error while saving, a slave device failure exception is returned and programmable settings mode automatically
terminates via reset.
Reset commands make no sense if the meter state is LIMP. An illegal function exception will be returned.
Energy registers should be reset after a format change.
Entities to be monitored against limits are identified by Modbus address. Entities occupying multiple Modbus registers, such as floating point values, are identified by the lower register address. If any of
the 8 limits is unused, set its identifier to zero. If the indicated Modbus register is not used or is a non-sensical entity for limits, it will behave as an unused limit.
There are 2 setpoints per limit, one above and one below the expected range of values. LM1 is the "too high" limit, LM2 is "too low". The entity goes "out of limit" on LM1 when its value is greater than the
setpoint. It remains "out of limit" until the value drops below the in threshold. LM2 works similarly, in the opposite direction. If limits in only one direction are of interest, set the in threshold on the "wrong"
side of the setpoint. Limits are specified as % of full scale, where full scale is automatically set appropriately for the entity being monitored:
current FS = CT numerator * CT multiplier
voltage FS = PT numerator * PT multiplie
power FS = CT numerator * CT multiplier * PT numerator * PT multiplier * 3 [ * SQRT(3) for delta hooku
frequency FS = 60 (or 50)
power factor FS = 1.0
percentage FS = 100.0
angle FS = 180.0
13
THD not available shows 65535 (=0xFFFF) in all THD and harmonic magnitude registers for the channel when V-switch=4. THD may be unavailable due to low V or I amplitude, or delta hookup (V only).
14
All 3 voltage angles are measured for Wye and Delta hookups. For 2.5 Element, Vac is measured and Vab & Vbc are calculated. If a voltage phase is missing, the two voltage angles in which it
participates are set to zero. A and C phase current angles are measured for all hookups. B phase current angle is measured for Wye and is zero for other hookups. If a voltage phase is missing, its
current angle is zero.
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Doc# E145721
MM-8
Appendix C
DNP Mapping for Shark® 100-S Meter
C.1: Introduction
Q
The DNP Map for the Shark® 100-S meter shows the client-server relationship in its use of
DNP Protocol.
C.2: DNP Mapping (DNP-1
1 to DNP-2
2)
Q
The Shark® 100-S meter's DNP Point Map begins on the third page of this chapter.
Binary Output States, Control Relay Outputs, Binary Counters (Primary) and Analog Inputs
are described on Page 1.
Internal Indication is described on Page 2.
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C-1
eElectro Industries/GaugeTech
Doc #: E145721
C-2
Object Point Var
Description
Binary Output States
10
0
2 Reset Energy Counters
10
1
2 Change to Modbus RTU
Protocol
Control Relay Outputs
12
0
1 Reset Energy Counters
Format
Range
Multiplier
Units
BYTE
BYTE
Always 1
Always 1
N/A
none
N/A
none
Read via Class 0 only
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
none
Responds to Function 5 (Direct Operate),
Qualifier Code 17x or 28x, Control Code 3,
Count 0, On 0 msec, Off 1 msec ONLY.
none
Responds to Function 6 (Direct Operate No Ack), Qualifier Code 17x, Control Code
3, Count 0, On 0 msec, Off 1 msec ONLY.
multiplier = 10 ,
where n and d are
derived from the
energy format. n = 0,
3, or 6 per energy
format scale and d =
number of decimal
places.
W hr
example:
W hr
energy format = 7.2K and W-hours counter
= 1234567
N/A
12
1
1 Change to Modbus RTU
Protocol
N/A
Binary Counters (Primary)
20
0
4 W-hours, Positive
20
20
20
20
1
2
3
4
30
30
8
9
Read via Class 0 only
4 W-hours, Negative
4 VAR-hours, Positive
4 VAR-hours, Negative
4 VA-hours, Total
Analog Inputs (Secondary)
30
0
5 Meter Health
30
1
5 Volts A-N
30
2
5 Volts B-N
30
3
5 Volts C-N
30
4
5 Volts A-B
30
5
5 Volts B-C
30
6
5 Volts C-A
30
7
5 Amps A
5 Amps B
5 Amps C
eElectro Industries/GaugeTech
Comments
UINT32
0 to 99999999
UINT32
0 to 99999999
(n-d)
UINT32
UINT32
UINT32
0 to 99999999
0 to 99999999
0 to 99999999
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
0 or 1
0 to 32767
0 to 32767
0 to 32767
0 to 32767
0 to 32767
0 to 32767
0 to 32767
N/A
(150 / 32768)
(150 / 32768)
(150 / 32768)
(300 / 32768)
(300 / 32768)
(300 / 32768)
(10 / 32768)
none
V
V
V
V
V
V
0 = OK
A
Values above 10A secondary read 32767.
SINT16
SINT16
0 to 32767
0 to 32767
(10 / 32768)
(10 / 32768)
A
A
VAR hr
VAR hr
VA hr
n=3 (K scale), d=2 ( 2 digits after decimal
(3-2)
= 101 = 10, so
point), multiplier = 10
energy is 1234567 * 10 Whrs, or 12345.67
KWhrs
Read via Class 0 only
Doc # E145721
Values above 150V secondary read 32767.
Values above 300V secondary read 32767.
DNP-1
Object Point Var
Description
30
10
5 Watts, 3-Ph total
30
11
5 VARs, 3-Ph total
30
12
5 VAs, 3-Ph total
30
13
5 Power Factor, 3-Ph total
30
14
5 Frequency
30
15
5 Positive Watts, 3-Ph,
Maximum Avg Demand
30
16
5 Positive VARs, 3-Ph,
Maximum Avg Demand
30
17
5 Negative Watts, 3-Ph,
Maximum Avg Demand
30
18
5 Negative VARs, 3-Ph,
Maximum Avg Demand
30
19
5 VAs, 3-Ph, Maximum Avg
Demand
30
20
5 Angle, Phase A Current
30
21
5 Angle, Phase B Current
30
22
5 Angle, Phase C Current
30
23
5 Angle, Volts A-B
30
24
5 Angle, Volts B-C
30
25
5 Angle, Volts C-A
30
26
5 CT numerator
30
27
5 CT multiplier
30
28
5 CT denominator
30
29
5 PT numerator
30
30
5 PT multiplier
30
31
5 PT denominator
30
32
5 Neutral Current
Internal Indication
80
0
1 Device Restart Bit
eElectro Industries/GaugeTech
Format
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
Range
-32768 to +32767
-32768 to +32767
0 to +32767
-1000 to +1000
0 to 9999
-32768 to +32767
Multiplier
(4500 / 32768)
(4500 / 32768)
(4500 / 32768)
0.001
0.01
(4500 / 32768)
SINT16
-32768 to +32767
(4500 / 32768)
SINT16
-32768 to +32767
(4500 / 32768)
SINT16
-32768 to +32767
(4500 / 32768)
SINT16
-32768 to +32767
(4500 / 32768)
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
-1800 to +1800
-1800 to +1800
-1800 to +1800
-1800 to +1800
-1800 to +1800
-1800 to +1800
1 to 9999
1, 10, or 100
1 or 5
1 to 9999
1, 10, or 100
1 to 9999
0 to 32767
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
(10 / 32768)
degree
degree
degree
degree
degree
degree
none
none
none
none
none
none
A
N/A
N/A
N/A
none
Doc # E145721
Units
W
VAR
VA
none
Hz
Comments
W
VAR
W
VAR
VA
CT ratio =
(numerator * multiplier) / denominator
PT ratio =
(numerator * multiplier) / denominator
For 1A model, multiplier is (2 / 32768) and
values above 2A secondary read 32767.
Clear via Function 2 (Write), Qualifier Code
0.
DNP-2
Appendix D
DNP 3.0 Protocol Assignments for Shark®100-S Meter
D.1: DNP Implementation
Q
PHYSICAL LAYER
The Shark® 100-S submeter is capable of using RS485 as the physical layer. This is accomplished by
connecting a PC to the Shark® 100-S meter with the RS485 connection on the face of the submeter.
Q
RS485
RS485 provides multi-drop network communication capabilities. Multiple submeters may be placed
on the same bus, allowing for a Master device to communicate with any of the other devices.
Appropriate network configuration and termination should be evaluated for each installation to
insure optimal performance.
Q
Communication Parameters
Shark® 100-S submeters communicate in DNP 3.0 using the following communication settings:
• 8 Data Bits
• No Parity
• 1 Stop Bit
Q
Baud Rates
Shark® 100-S submeters are programmable to use several standard baud rates, including:
•
9600 Baud
• 19200 Baud
• 38400 Baud
• 57600 Baud
D.2: Data Link Layer
Q
The Data Link Layer as implemented on Shark® submeters is subject to the following considerations:
Q
Control Field
The Control Byte contains several bits and a Function Code. Specific notes follow.
Control Bits
Communication directed to the submeter should be Primary Master messages ( DIR = 1, PRM = 1 ).
Response will be primary Non-Master messages ( DIR = 0, PRM = 1 ). Acknowledgment will be
Secondary Non-Master messages ( DIR = 0, PRM = 0 ).
Q
Function Codes
Shark® 100-S submeters support all of the Function Codes for DNP 3.0. Specific notes follow.
Reset of Data Link ( Function 0 )
Before confirmed communication with a master device, the Data Link Layer must be reset. This is
necessary after a submeter has been restarted, either by applying power to the submeter or
reprogramming the submeter. The submeter must receive a RESET command before confirmed
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D-1
communication may take place. Unconfirmed communication is always possible and does not
require a RESET.
User Data ( Function 3 )
After receiving a request for USER DATA, the submeter will generate a Data Link
CONFIRMATION, signaling the reception of that request, before the actual request is processed. If
a response is required, it will also be sent as UNCONFIRMED USER DATA.
Unconfirmed User Data ( Function 4 )
After receiving a request for UNCONFIRMED USER DATA, if a response is required, it will be
sent as UNCONFIRMED USER DATA.
Address
DNP 3.0 allows for addresses from 0 - 65534 ( 0x0000 - 0xFFFE ) for individual device
identification, with the address 65535 ( 0xFFFF ) defined as an all stations address. Shark 100-S
submeters' addresses are programmable from 0 - 247 ( 0x0000 - 0x00F7 ) and will recognize address
65535 ( 0xFFFF ) as the all stations address.
D.3: Transport Layer
The Transport Layer as implemented on Shark® submeters is subject to the following considerations:
Transport Header
Multiple-frame messages are not allowed for Shark® 100-S submeters. Each Transport Header should
indicate it is both the first frame ( FIR = 1 ) as well as the final frame ( FIN = 1 ).
D.4: Application Layer
The Application Layer contains a header ( Request or Response Header, depending on direction )
and data. Specific notes follow.
Q
Application Headers
Application Headers contain the Application Control Field and the Function Code.
Q
Application Control Field
Multiple-fragment messages are not allowed for Shark® 100-S submeters. Each Application Header
should indicate it is both the first fragment ( FIR = 1 ) as well as the final fragment ( FIN = 1 ).
Application-Level confirmation is not used for Shark® 100-S submeters.
Q
Function Codes
The following Function codes are implemented on Shark® 100-S submeters.
Read ( Function 1 )
Objects supporting the READ function are:
• Binary Outputs ( Object 10 )
• Counters ( Object 20 )
• Analog Inputs ( Object 30 )
• Class ( Object 60 )
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These Objects may be read either by requesting a specific Variation available as listed in this
document, or by requesting Variation 0. READ request for Variation 0 of an Object will be fulfilled
with the Variation listed in this document.
Write ( Function 2 )
Objects supporting the WRITE function are:
•
Internal Indications ( Object 80 )
Direct Operate ( Function 5 )
Objects supporting the DIRECT OPERATE function are:
•
Control Relay Output Block ( Object 12 )
Direct Operate - No Acknowledgment ( Function 6 )
Objects supporting the DIRECT OPERATE - NO ACKNOWLEDGMENT function are:
•
Change to MODBUS RTU Protocol
Response ( Function 129 )
Application responses from Shark® 100-S submeters use the RESPONSE function.
Q
Application Data
Application Data contains information about the Object and Variation, as well as the Qualifier
and Range.
D.4.1: Object and Variation
The following Objects and Variations are supported on Shark® 100-S submeters:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Binary Output Status ( Object 10, Variation 2) †
Control Relay Output Block ( Object 12, Variation 1 )
32-Bit Binary Counter Without Flag ( Object 20, Variation 5 ) †
16-Bit Analog Input Without Flag ( Object 30, Variation 4 ) †
Class 0 Data ( Object 60, Variation 1 ) †
Internal Indications ( Object 80, Variation 1 )
† READ requests for Variation 0 will be honored with the above Variations.
D.4.1.1: Binary Output Status (Obj. 10, Var. 2 )
Binary Output Status supports the following functions:
Read ( Function 1 )
A READ request for Variation 0 will be responded to with Variation 2.
Binary Output Status is used to communicate the following data measured by Shark® submeters:
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D-3
Q
Energy Reset State
Change to MODBUS RTU Protocol State
Energy Reset State ( Point 0 )
Shark® 100-S submeters accumulate power generated or consumed over time as Hour Readings,
which measure positive VA Hours and positive and negative W Hours and VAR Hours. These
readings may be reset using a Control Relay Output Block object ( Obj. 12 ). This Binary
Output Status point reports whether the Energy Readings are in the process of being reset, or if
they are accumulating. Normally, readings are being accumulated and the state of this point is
read as '0'. If the readings are in the process of being reset, the state of this point is read as '1'.
Change to Modbus RTU Protocol State ( Point 1 )
Shark® 100-S submeters are capable of changing from DNP Protocol to Modbus RTU Protocol.
This enables the user to update the Device Profile of the submeter. This does not change the
Protocol setting. A submeter reset brings you back to DNP. Status reading of "1" equals Open,
or de-energized. A reading of "0" equals Closed, or energized.
D.4.1.2: Control Relay Output Block (Obj. 12, Var. 1 )
Control Relay Output Blocks support the following functions:
Direct Operate ( Function 5 )
Direct Operate - No Acknowledgment ( Function 6 )
Control Relay Output Blocks are used for the following purposes:
Q
Energy Reset
Change to MODBUS RTU Protocol
Energy Reset ( Point 0 )
Shark® 100-S submeters accumulate power generated or consumed over time as Hour Readings,
which measure positive VA Hours and positive and negative W Hours and VAR Hours. These
readings may be reset using Point 0.
Use of the DIRECT OPERATE ( Function 5 ) function will operate only with the settings of
Pulsed ON ( Code = 1 of Control Code Field ) once ( Count = 0x01 ) for ON 1 millisecond and
OFF 0 milliseconds.
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D-4
•
Change to Modbus RTU Protocol ( Point 1 )
Shark® 100-S submeters are capable of changing from DNP Protocol to Modbus RTU Protocol.
This enables the user to update the Device Profile of the submeter. This does not change the
Protocol setting. A submeter reset brings you back to DNP.
Use of the DIRECT OPERATE - NO ACKNOWLEDGE ( Function 6 ) function will operate
only with the settings of Pulsed ON ( Code = 1 of Control Code Field ) once ( Count = 0x01 )
for ON 1 millisecond and OFF 0 milliseconds.
D.4.1.3: 32-B
Bit Binary Counter Without Flag ( Obj. 20, Var. 5 )
Counters support the following functions:
Read ( Function 1 )
A READ request for Variation 0 will be responded to with Variation 5.
Counters are used to communicate the following data measured by Shark 100-S submeters:
Hour Readings
Q
Hour Readings (Points 0 - 4)
Point
Readings
Unit
0
+W Hour
Wh
1
-W Hour
Wh
2
+VAR Hour
VARh
3
-VAR Hour
VARh
4
+VA Hour
VAh
* These readings may be cleared by using the Contol Relay Output Block.
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D-5
D.4.1.4: 16-B
Bit Analog Input Without Flag ( Obj. 30, Var. 4 )
Analog Inputs support the following functions:
Read ( Function 1 )
A READ request for Variation 0 will be responded to with Variation 4.
Analog Inputs are used to communicate the following data measured by Shark 100-S submeters:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Health Check
Phase-to-Neutral Voltage
Phase-to-Phase Voltage
Phase Current
Total Power
Three Phase Total VAs
Three Phase Power Factor Total
Frequency
Three Phase +Watts Max Avg Demand
Three Phase + VARs Max Avg Demand
Three Phase -Watts Max Avg Demand
Three Phase -VARs Max Avg Demand
Three Phase VAs Max Avg Demand
Angle, Phase Power
Angle, Phase-to-Phase Voltage
CT Numerator, Multiplier, Denominator
PT Numerator, Multiplier, Denominator
Q
Health Check ( Point 0 )
The Health Check point is used to indicate problems detected by the Shark 100-S submeter. A value
of zero ( 0x0000 ) indicates the submeter does not detect a problem. Non-zero values indicate a
detected anomaly.
Q
Phase-to-Neutral Voltage ( Points 1 - 3 )
Point
Reading
1
Phase AN Voltage
2
Phase BN Voltage
3
Phase CN Voltage
These points are formatted as 2's complement fractions. They represent a fraction of a 150 V
Secondary input. Inputs of above 150 V Secondary will be pinned at 150 V Secondary.
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D-6
Q
Phase-to-Phase Voltage ( Points 4 - 6 )
Point
Reading
4
Phase AB Voltage
5
Phase BC Voltage
6
Phase CA Voltage
These points are formatted as 2's complement fractions. They represent a fraction of a 300 V
Secondary input. Inputs of above 300 V Secondary will be pinned at 300 V Secondary.
Q
Phase Current ( Points 7 - 9 )
Point
Reading
7
Phase A Current
8
Phase B Current
9
Phase C Current
These points are formatted as 2's complement fractions. They represent a fraction of a 10 A
Secondary input. Inputs of above 10A Secondary will be pinned at 10 A Secondary.
Q
Total Power ( Points 10 - 11 )
Point
Reading
10
Total Watt
11
Total VAR
These points are formatted as 2's complement fractions. They represent a fraction of 4500 W
Secondary in normal operation, or 3000 W Secondary in Open Delta operation. Inputs above/below
+/-4500 or +/-3000 W Secondary will be pinned at +/-4500 or +/-3000 W Secondary, respectively.
Q
Total VA (Point 12 )
Point
Reading
12
Total VA
This point is formatted as a 2's complement fraction. It represents a fraction of 4500 W Secondary
in normal operation, or 3000 W Secondary in Open Delta operation. Inputs above/below +/-4500 or
+/-3000 W Secondary will be pinned at +/-4500 or +/-3000 W Secondary, respectively.
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Q
Power Factor ( Point 13 )
Point
Reading
13
Power Factor Total
This point is formatted as a 2's complement integer. It represents Power Factors from -1.000
( 0x0FC18 ) to +1.000 ( 0x003E8 ). When in Open Delta operation, Total Power Factor
( Point 13 ) is always zero.
Q
Frequency ( Point 14 )
Point
Reading
14
Frequency
This point is formatted as a 2's complement fraction. It represents the Frequency as measured on
Phase A Voltage in units of cHz ( centiHertz, 1/100 Hz ). Inputs below 45.00 Hz are pinned at 0
( 0x0000 ), while inputs above 75.00 Hz are pinned at 9999 (0x270F ).
Q
Maximum Demands of Total Power ( Points 15 - 19 )
Point
Reading
15
Maximum Positive Demand Total Watts
16
Maximum Positive Demand Total VARs
17
Maximum Negative Demand Total Watts
18
Maximum Negative Demand Total VARs
19
Maximum Average Demand VA
These points are formatted as 2's complement fractions. They represent a fraction of 4500 W
Secondary in normal operation, or 3000 W Secondary in Open Delta operation. Inputs above/below
+/-4500 or +/-3000 W Secondary will be pinned at +/-4500 or +/-3000 W Secondary, respectively.
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D-8
Q
Phase Angle ( Points 20 - 25 )
Point
Reading
20
Phase A Current Angle
21
Phase B Current Angle
22
Phase C Current Angle
23
Volts A-B Angle
24
Volts B-C Angle
25
Volts C-A Angle
0
These points are formatted as 2's complement integers. They represent angles from -180.0
0
(0x0F8F8) to +180.0 (0x00708).
Q
CT & PT Ratios ( Points 26 - 31 )
Point
Value
26
CT Ratio Numerator
27
CT Ratio Multiplier
28
CT Ratio Denominator
29
PT Ratio Numerator
30
PT Ratio Multiplier
31
PT Ratio Denominator
These points are formatted as 2's complement integers. They can be used to convert from units in
terms of the Secondary of a CT or PT into units in terms of the Primary of a CT or PT. The ratio of
Numerator divided by Denominator is the ratio of Primary to Secondary.
Shark 100-S submeters typically use Full Scales relating Primary Current to 5 Amps and Primary
Voltage to 120 V. However, these Full scales can range from mAs to thousands of kAs, or mVs, to
thousands of kVs. Following are example settings:
CT Example Settings:
200 Amps:
800 Amps:
2,000 Amps:
10,000 Amps:
Set the Ct-n value for 200 and the Ct-S value for 1.
Set the Ct-n value for 800 and the Ct-S value for 1.
Set the Ct-n value for 2000 and the Ct-S value for 1.
Set the Ct-n value for 1000 and the Ct-S value for 10.
NOTE: CT Denominator is fixed at 5 for 5 ampere unit.
CT Denominator is fixed at 1 for 1 ampere unit.
PT Example Settings:
120 Volts (Reads 14,400 Volts):
69 Volts (Reads 138,000 Volts):
115 Volts (Reads 347,000 Volts):
69 Volts (Reads 347,000 Volts):
e Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Pt-n value is 1440, Pt-d value is 120, Pt-S value is 10.
Pt-n value is 1380, Pt-d value is 69, Pt-S value is 100.
Pt-n value is 3450, Pt-d value is 115, Pt-S value is 100.
Pt-n value is 345, Pt-d value is 69, Pt-S value is 1000.
Doc # E145721
D-9
D.4.1.5: Class 0 Data (Obj. 60, Var. 1 )
Class Data support the following functions:
Read ( Function 1 )
A request for Class 0 Data from a Shark 100-S submeter will return three Object Headers.
Specifically, it will return 16-Bit Analog Input Without Flags ( Object 30, Variation 5 ), Points 0
- 31, followed by 32-Bit Counters Without Flags ( Object 20, Variation 4 ), Points 0 - 4,
followed by Binary Output Status ( Object 10, Variation 2 ), Points 0 - 1.
(There is NO Object 1.)
A request for Object 60, Variation 0 will be treated as a request for Class 0 Data.
D.4.1.6: Internal Indications ( Obj. 80, Var. 1 )
Internal Indications support the following functions:
·
Write ( Function 2 )
Internal Indications may be indexed by Qualifier Code 0.
Q
Device Restart ( Point 0 )
This bit is set whenever the submeter has reset. The polling device may clear this bit by Writing
( Function 2 ) to Object 80, Point 0.
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D-10
Appendix E
Using the USB to IrDA Adapter (CAB6490)
E.1: Introduction
Com 1 of the Shark® 100-S submeter is the IrDA port, located on the face of the meter. One way to
communicate with the IrDA port is with EIG’s USB to IrDA Adapter (CAB6490), which allows you to
access the Shark® 100-S meter’s data from a PC. This Appendix contains instructions for installing the
USB to IrDA Adapter.
E.2: Installation Procedures
The USB to IrDA Adapter comes packaged with a USB cable and an Installation CD. Follow this
procedure to install the Adapter on your PC.
1. Connect the USB cable to the USB to IrDA Adapter, and plug the USB into your PC’s USB port.
2. Insert the Installation CD into your PC’s CD ROM drive.
3. You will see the screen shown below. The Found New Hardware Wizard allows you to install the
software for the Adapter. Click the Radio Button next to Install from a list or specific location.
4. Click Next. You will see the screen shown on the next page.
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Select these
options
5. Make sure the first Radio Button and the first Checkbox are selected, as shown in the above
screen. These selections allow the Adapter’s driver to be copied from the Installation disk to your
PC.
6. Click Next. You will see the screen shown below.
7. When the driver for the Adapter is found, you will see the screen shown on the next page.
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8. You do not need to be concerned about the message on the bottom of the screen. Click Next to
continue with the installation.
9. You will see the two windows shown below. Click Continue Anyway.
10. You will see the screen shown on the next page while the Adapter’s driver is being installed on
your PC.
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11. When the driver installation is complete, you will see the screen shown below.
12. Click Finish to close the Found New Hardware Wizard.
IMPORTANT! Do NOT remove the Installation CD until the entire procedure has been
completed.
13. Position the USB to IrDA Adapter so that it points directly at the IrDA on the front of the Shark®
100-S submeter. It should be as close as possible to the meter, and not more than 15 inches/38 cm
away from it.
14. The Found New Hardware Wizard screen opens again.
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This time, click the Radio Button next to Install the software automatically.
15. Click Next. You will see the screen shown below.
16. Make sure the first Radio Button and the first Checkbox are selected, as shown in the above
screen. Click Next. You will see the two screens shown on the next page.
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17. When the installation is complete, you will see the screen shown on the next page.
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Click Finish to close the Found New Hardware Wizard.
18. To verify that your Adapter has been installed properly, click Start>Settings>Control
Panel>System>Hardware>Device Manager. The USB to IrDA Adapter should appear under both
Infrared Devices and Modems (click on the + sign to display all configured modems). See the
example screen below.
NOTE: If the Adapter doesn’t show up under Modems, move it away from the meter for a minute
and then position it pointing at the IrDA, again.
19. Double-click on the Standard Modem over IR link (this is the USB to IrDA Adapter). You will
see the Properties screen for the Adapter.
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20. Click the Modem tab. The Com Port that the Adapter is using is displayed in the screen.
21. Use this Com Port to connect to the meter from your PC, using the Communicator EXT software.
Refer to Chapter 5 of the Communicator EXT 3.0 User’s Manual for detailed connection
instructions.
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