VOCpro Manual
VOC Pro
Hand Held
Photoionisation Air Monitor
User Guide
Warning: Limitation of Liability
The ultimate responsibility of the consequences of use of toxic compounds
rests with the user. Casella CEL’s role is as a supplier of instrumentation to
assist in the early detection of hazardous conditions involving such
compounds.
It is vitally important to ensure that the VOC Pro is maintained in
accordance with Casella CEL’s instructions and that proper calibration is
regularly performed.
As with any complex device, the VOC Pro is subject to failure and, while
Casella CEL has taken, and continues to take, all possible precautions to (a)
reduce the possibility of failure, and (b) warn the user in the event of failure,
circumstances may occasionally occur in which there is a failure despite
such precautions on Casella CEL’s part. Casella CEL regrets that it cannot
accept liability for damages of any kind caused as a result of either failure of
the user to follow instructions or of the VOC Pro to perform.
Casella CEL
VOC Pro
Portable Photo-ionisation Monitor
Casella CEL Ltd, Kempston, Beds, MK42 7JY, England
+44 (0) 1234 844100
www.casellacel.com
RELEASE HISTORY
Part Number: G202033
Revision: A
Publication date: January, 2005
User Assistance
Casella CEL,
Regent House
Wolseley Road
Kempston
Beds
MK42 7JY
England
+44 (0) 1234844100
www.casellacel.com
[email protected]
Notices
The information contained in this document is subject to change without notice.
Casella CEL makes no warranty of any kind with regard to the material, including,
but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a
particular purpose.
Casella CEL shall not be liable for errors contained herein for incidental or
consequential damages in connection with furnishing, performance or use of this
material.
Copyright Information
This document contains proprietary information that is protected by copyright. All
rights are reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form
whatsoever or translated into any language without the prior, written permission of
Casella CEL,
Trademarks
Registered names, trademarks, etc. used in this document, even when not
specifically marked as such, are protected by law.
Contents
Contents
Figures ........................................................................................ vi
Tables ........................................................................................ vii
1.
Notices and Warnings ......................1
FCC Warning .............................................................................. 3
The VOC Pro Intrinsic Safety (I/S) Notice ................................. 3
ATEX Directive and EMC Directive .......................................... 8
2. Introduction .....................................................13
About this Manual ..................................................................... 15
Warnings and Safety Practices .................................................. 16
Approved Models of the VOC Pro ............................................ 16
Excessive Heat and Cold ........................................................... 17
VOC Pro Overview ................................................................... 18
General Operation ..................................................................... 20
Photoionisation Detector ........................................................... 21
Unpacking Instrument ............................................................... 23
Support Equipment and Consumables....................................... 23
3. Using the VOC Pro..........................................25
Battery Charging ....................................................................... 27
Display....................................................................................... 31
Keys........................................................................................... 34
Beginning Operation ................................................................. 35
User Interface – Basic Menu ..................................................... 41
Operation Modes ....................................................................... 41
Datalogger ................................................................................. 44
iii
VOC Pro User Manual
Unit Setup Functions ................................................................. 48
Response Factor Library............................................................ 54
Calibration Technical Description............................................. 58
Calibration Introduction ............................................................ 58
Calibration Using the Regulator................................................ 61
Calibrating the VOC Pro with a Gas Bag.................................. 64
Preparing for Field Operation.................................................... 65
4. Connecting Accessories ................................67
Computer ................................................................................... 69
Wrist Strap................................................................................. 71
DC Power Cord ......................................................................... 71
Belt Clip Holster........................................................................ 72
11.7 eV UV Lamp ..................................................................... 72
Off-Line Charger....................................................................... 75
5. Routine Maintenance......................................79
Battery Charging ....................................................................... 81
Maintenance of the UV Lamp ................................................... 83
Replacing the Sample Inlet Filter .............................................. 87
6. Troubleshooting..............................................91
General Information .................................................................. 93
Troubleshooting......................................................................... 94
General Questions ..................................................................... 97
7. Appendices ...................................................101
Specifications .......................................................................... 103
Warranty.................................................................................. 106
Contacting Casella CEL .......................................................... 107
iv
Contents
Installing Alternate AC Plug on the Battery Charger.............. 108
Calibration Gas Supplier ......................................................... 108
Using the Gas Bag ................................................................... 108
System Fuse Values................................................................. 110
Response Factors..................................................................... 110
Presets...................................................................................... 115
References ............................................................................... 119
8. Index ..............................................................121
v
VOC Pro User Manual
Figures
Figure 1. The VOC Pro Instrument ........................................................ 18
Figure 2. The VOC Pro Block Diagram ................................................ 20
Figure 3. Photoionisation Detector......................................................... 22
Figure 4. Battery Pack Removal and Replacement ................................ 28
Figure 5. The VOC Pro Display ............................................................ 31
Figure 6. User Menu.............................................................................. 33
Figure 7. Logging Off Mode Display.................................................... 36
Figure 8. Tag Mode Display.................................................................. 36
Figure 9. Interval Mode Display ........................................................... 37
Figure 10. Unit Setup Map .................................................................... 48
Figure 11. Setting the Time .................................................................. 51
Figure 12. Calibration with Gas Regulator............................................ 62
Figure 13. Removing the UV Lamp ...................................................... 84
Figure 14. Replacing the Inlet Filter...................................................... 88
Figure 15. Using the Gas Bag.............................................................. 109
vi
Contents
Tables
Table 1. System Alerts ........................................................................... 39
Table 2. Averaging Intervals and Period STEL, TWA, and PEAK
Operation ........................................................................................ 46
Table 3. Check List for Field Operation................................................ 65
Table 4. Additional Field Items............................................................. 66
Table 5. Serial Port Signals ................................................................... 70
Table 6. Contact Information .............................................................. 107
Table 7. Response Factors.................................................................... 111
Table 8. Library Entries....................................................................... 115
vii
Notices and Warnings
Notices and
Warnings
1
Notices and Warnings
FCC Warning
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
Class B Digital Device, pursuant to Subpart B, Class B of Part 15 of the
FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a
commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate
radio frequency energy and if not installed and used in accordance with the
instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely
to cause harmful interference in which case the user will be required to
correct the interference at their expense.
The VOC Pro Intrinsic Safety (I/S) Notice
THE VOC Pro IS CLASSIFIED FOR USE IN CLASS I, DIVISION 1,
GROUPS A, B, C, D HAZARDOUS LOCATIONS. T4 (135°C) RATING.
It has been listed by MET® to comply with Underwriters Laboratories®
Inc. UL® 913 Standard for Intrinsically Safe Apparatus and Associated
Apparatus for use in Class I, Division 1, Groups A, B, C, D Hazardous
(Classified) Locations, Sixth Edition when powered by G202029 Battery
Pack. THE VOC Pro IS NOT INTENDED TO DETECT COMBUSTIBLE
LEVELS OF GASES. THE VOC Pro IS CLASSIFIED FOR USE IN
ATMOSPHERES CONTAINING COMBUSTIBLE LEVELS OF GASES.
3
These accessories are for use with the VOC Pro in a hazardous location:
G202019
Calibration Regulator
G202037
Wrist Strap
G202018
Belt-Clip Holster
G202020
Carrying Case
G202036
User’s Reference Card
G202032
Short Sample Probe
Do not use any other accessories with the VOC Pro in a hazardous location.
Substitution of components may affect safety rating.
CAUTION
To reduce the risk of fire or injury to persons, read
and follow these instructions:
1. All calibration, maintenance and servicing
of this device, including battery charging,
must be performed in a safe area away
from hazardous locations. Disconnect all
power before servicing.
2. There are no operator replaceable parts
inside the VOC Pro except the battery
pack, UV lamp and sample inlet filter.
3. There are no operator serviceable parts
inside the VOC Pro.
4
Notices and Warnings
WARNING
1. For replacement battery pack use only
Part No. G202029.
2. Do not dispose of the battery pack in a
fire. The cells may explode. The battery
pack must be disposed of properly. Check
with local codes for possible special
disposal instructions.
3. Do not open or mutilate the battery pack.
If the VOC Pro is used in a manner not
specified, the protection provided by the
VOC Pro may be impaired.
4. Exercise care in handling battery packs in
order not to short the terminals with
conducting materials such as rings,
bracelets and keys. The battery or
conductor may overheat and cause burns.
5. Do not defeat proper polarity orientation
between the battery pack and battery
charger.
6. Charging the battery is only to be done in
a non-hazardous area.
7. Charge the battery pack using the AC
adapter provided with or identified for use
with this product only in accordance with
the instructions and limitations specified
in this manual. For AC adapter use only
Part No. G202007 (115 / 220V) When
using the AC adapter do not block access
to AC outlet in use with adapter. AC
adapter is not to be used in a hazardous
area.
5
ATTENTION
VOC Pro EST CLASSIFIÉ POUR USAGE DANS LES
EMPLACEMENTS DANGEREUX DE CLASSE I,
DIVISION 1, GROUPES A, B, C, D. ÉVALUATION
T4 (135ºC).
VOC Pro est conforme à la norme des Underwriters
Laboratories Inc. UL 913 Standard for Intrinsically
Safe Apparatus and Associated Apparatus for use in
Class I, Division 1, Groups A, B, C, D Hazardous
(Classified) Locations. Quatrième édition.
VOC Pro est conforme à la norme de CSA Standard
22.2 No. 157-92 - Intrinsically Safe and Non-Incendive
Equipment for Use in Hazardous Locations.
VOC Pro EST NE PAS INTENDER POUR
DÉTECTER DES NIVEAUX DE COMBUSTION
DES GAZ. CET APPAREIL EST CLASSIFIÉ POUR
USAGE DANS DES ATMOSPHÈRES CONTENANT
DES NIVEAUX DE COMBUSTION DES GAZ.
Les accessoires suivants peuvent également être utilisés
avec l’appareil dans un emplacement dangereux:
G202019
Régulateur de calibration
G202037
Sangle de poignet
G202018
Étui de ceinture
G202020
Étui de transport
G202036
Carte de référence
G202032
Petite Gamme d’échantillons
Ne pas utiliser d’autres accessoires avec cet appareil
dans un emplacement dangereux.
La substitution des composantes peut nuire à la sécurité
d’emploi.
6
Notices and Warnings
ATTENTION
Pour réduire le risque de feu ou blessures, lisez
attentivement ces directive:
1. Tout étalonnage et entretien, incluant le
chargement de la batterie, doit être fait dans
un endroit sécuritaire et non-explosif.
L’alimentation électrique doit être mis horsservice.
2.
Aucune pièce ne peut être changée par
l’utilisateur à part la batterie.
3. Aucun entretien ne peut être fait par
l’utilisateur.
7
ATTENTION
1. Utilisez seulement des batteries
rechargeables de type nickel cadmium
avec un chargeur 12 Volts DC (Pièce
G202029).
2. Ne jetez pas les batteries dans le feu. Elles
pourraient exploser Vérifiez avec la
réglementation locale avant d’en disposer.
3. Ne pas ouvrir ou briser la batterie. La
protection offerte par le VOC Pro sera
alors inutile.
4. La manutention de la batterie nécessite
d’éviter les produits conducteurs comme
des anneaux, bracelets ou clés pour éviter
tout court- circuit La batterie pourrait
surchauffer et causer des brûlures.
6. Ne pas modifier la polarité entre la
batterie et le chargeur.
7. Utilisez seulement l’adaptateur AC
spécifié dans le manuel. (Pièces G202007
(115 / 220 Volts AC),. Ne pas bloquer la
sortie de l’adaptateur AC.
8
Notices and Warnings
ATEX Directive and EMC Directive
EC Declaration of Conformity
We
Casella CEL Ltd
Regent House, Wolseley Road
Kempston, Bedford, England MK42 7JU
declare that:
Equipment:
Model name:
Photoionization Monitor
VOCpro
In accordance with the following Directives:
94/9/EEC
89/336/EEC
ATEX Directive
The Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive
has been designed and manufactured to the following standards:
Safety:
EN61010-1:2001
EMC:
EN61326:1997:A1:1998 and A2:2001
Explosive
Atmosphere: EN50014:1998 and EN50020:2002
I hereby declare that the equipment named above has been designed to
comply with the relevant sections of the above reference standards and all
essential requirements of the Directives.
Signed by:
Name:
Title:
Done at:
On:
Steve Tearle
Technical Director
Kempston, Bedford, England
21st January 2005
9
WARNING
1. All calibration, maintenance and servicing of
this device, including battery charging, must
be performed in a safe area away from
hazardous locations.
2. Disconnect all power before servicing.
3. Do not open UV Lamp Cap when unit is
energized.
4. Only use the AC Adapter in a safe area away
from hazardous locations
5. Only use the Serial Port in a safe area away
from hazardous locations.
10
Notices and Warnings
CAUTION
To reduce the risk of fire or injury to persons, read and follow these
instructions:
1. There are no operator replaceable parts inside the VOC Pro except the
battery pack, UV lamp and sample inlet filter.
2. For replacement battery pack use only Casella CEL Part No. G202029.
3. There are no operator serviceable parts inside the VOC Pro.
4. Do not dispose of the battery pack in a fire. The cells may explode. The
battery pack must be disposed of properly. Check with local codes for
possible special disposal instructions.
5. Do not open or mutilate the battery pack. If the VOC Pro is used in a
manner not specified, the protection provided by the VOC Pro may be
impaired.
6. Exercise care in handling battery packs in order not to short the
terminals with conducting materials such as rings, bracelets and keys.
The battery or conductor may overheat and cause burns.
7. Do not defeat proper polarity orientation between the battery pack and
battery charger.
8. Charge the battery pack using the AC adapter provided with or
identified for use with this product only in accordance with the
instructions and limitations specified in this manual. For AC adapter
use only Part No.G202007 (115/220 Volts AC),. When using the AC
adapter do not block access to AC outlet in use with adapter. AC
adapter is not to be used in a hazardous area.
11
These optional accessories may be used with the VOC Pro in a hazardous
location:
G202019
Calibration Regulator
G202037
Wrist Strap
G202018
Belt-Clip Holster
G202020
Carrying Case
G202036
User’s Reference Card
G202032
Short Sample Probe
Do not use any other accessories with the VOC Pro in a hazardous location.
12
Introduction
Introduction
2
Introduction
About this Manual
This manual provides detailed instructions for setup, operation and
maintenance of the VOC Pro Portable Photoionisation Monitor.
Before unpacking the instrument, please read Warnings and Safety Practices
on page 16. This section describes possible hazards that might injure the
user, damage the instrument or compromise its operation. Some general
safety information is also provided.
To help you learn to use the VOC Pro quickly, this manual is organized by
tasks beginning with Using the VOC Pro in Chapter 3. Accessories are
covered in Chapter 4. Routine maintenance is covered in Chapter 5.
Troubleshooting techniques are covered in Chapter 6.
The VOC Pro manual uses a few conventions for key names on the keypad
and for text that is shown on the display.
UPPERCASE
Fixed key names are denoted by uppercase text.
“Display Text”
Text that appears on the VOC Pro status display
is in quotation marks.
Soft key names are also shown in quotation
marks.
15
VOC Pro User Manual
In the text you will find various warnings and notes.
A warning indicates an operation that could cause personal
injury if precautions are not followed.
WARNING
A caution indicates an operation that could cause
instrument damage if precautions are not followed..
CAUTION
NOTE: A note indicates significant information.
Warnings and Safety Practices
Please read the Notices and Warnings section of this user’s manual before
operating the VOC Pro.
Approved Models of the VOC Pro
This manual provides operational information for all models of the VOC
Pro. The VOC Pro is intrinsically safe and approved for use in hazardous
locations. Refer to the Notices and Warnings section of this manual for
details of each approval.
16
Introduction
Throughout the manual, notes are provided to inform you of the limitations
of usage for the VOC Pro models.
If the VOC Pro you are using is not specifically identified as
intrinsically safe with a label on the VOC Pro, do not use it
in a location where flammable concentrations of gases and
vapours may exist.
WARNING
Excessive Heat and Cold
Do not expose the instrument to intense sunlight for prolonged periods.
Exposure to excessive heat or cold may result in erroneous readings.
17
VOC Pro User Manual
VOC Pro Overview
CHA
RM
ALA
CHA
ALA RM
RGE
P
VOC
ro
RGE
VOC
Pro
Figure 1. The VOC Pro Instrument
The VOC Pro measures the concentration of airborne gases and vapours that
can be ionised by a photoionisation detector. The VOC Pro automatically
18
Introduction
displays and can record these concentrations. The VOC Pro does not
distinguish among individual compounds. The reading displayed
represents the total concentration of all photoionisable chemicals present in
the sample. The VOC Pro is factory-set to display concentration in units of
ppm.
The VOC Pro operates automatically. The VOC Pro display updates itself
once per second. You can read concentrations directly from the display. If
you are using the dilution probe (Part No. G202023), you must multiply the
displayed reading by the dilution factor.
The VOC Pro will perform short-term exposure limit (STEL), timeweighted average (TWA) and PEAK calculations when it is in INTERVAL
mode. You can view any of these results in INTERVAL mode.
The VOC Pro has two data logging options, Tag and Interval mode. Tag
mode allows the user to manually tag and store readings during a
walkthrough. Interval mode allows the user to datalog at selectable intervals
of 15 seconds, 1 minute, 2 minutes, 5 minutes, and 10 minutes. In Interval
mode, the STEL, PEAK and TWA are calculated. If you select Interval
mode, these values are automatically recorded in the VOC Pro’s memory.
The VOC Pro can log up to 15,000 entries.
In Tag mode operation, the VOC Pro prompts you to locate a site and then
to record a background and sample reading for the site. You can record up to
15,000 manual entries. There is no averaging of data in Tag mode. Tags are
set via the PC using the VOC Pro Comm software.
Recorded data can be reviewed on the display or downloaded to a computer.
Data are recorded by date and time.
The VOC Pro has 5 keys for instrument operation. The keys are used to set
up and calibrate the VOC Pro. All information entered with the keys and
stored in the VOC Pro’s memory is retained when the instrument is
switched off. The clock and calendar continue to operate and do not need to
be reset when the VOC Pro is turned on.
19
VOC Pro User Manual
General Operation
The VOC Pro is a microprocessor-controlled air monitor for measuring the
presence of photoionisable compounds in air at parts-per-million levels. The
block diagram in Figure 2 shows the main components of the VOC Pro.
Sample Out
Sample In
Inlet
Filter
Power
Supply
Photoionization
Detector
Microprocessor
Pump
Display and
I/O Connector
Keypad
Electrical Connections
Gas Connections
Figure 2. The VOC Pro Block Diagram
The microprocessor controls the components of the instrument and
interprets and records the signal generated by the photoionisation detector
(PID). Recorded data and setup information entered into the
microprocessor’s memory are retained when the VOC Pro is turned off.
A pump continuously pulls the air under test through the VOC Pro’s PID.
The PID converts the concentration of photoionisable compounds in the
sample into an electrical signal. The microprocessor subtracts any
background from the signal and divides this signal by a sensitivity obtained
by calibrating with a standard gas of known concentration. This
concentration appears on the VOC Pro’s display and, depending on the
values entered through the VOC Pro’s keypad, an alarm status may be
displayed and an audio signal may be heard.
20
Introduction
The VOC Pro can detect thousands of different types of airborne gases and
vapours and its response depends on the characteristics as well as the
concentration of each compound. The VOC Pro does not distinguish one
type of compound from another, but displays a number indicating the
total concentration of all photoionisable compounds in the sample.
A standard of isobutylene at a known concentration may be used for setting
the sensitivity. If the VOC Pro is calibrated with isobutylene, it displays
concentrations in units equivalent to ppm of isobutylene. If isobutylene were
the only photoionisable chemical in the sample, then the VOC Pro would
display its concentration directly.
The VOC Pro responds more or less readily to other chemicals than it does
to isobutylene. Because it has a medium sensitivity to isobutylene, this gas
has been chosen as a reliable means of reporting an average concentration of
total ionisable compounds present.
Gases other than isobutylene can be used to calibrate the VOC Pro.
However, all response factors are based on an isobutylene calibration.
Photoionisation Detector
The VOC Pro’s PID is shown in Figure 3. The PID measures the
concentration of photoionisable chemicals in the gas stream from the sample
inlet and produces an electrical signal for the microprocessor.
A UV lamp generates photons which ionise specific molecules in the gas
stream. The permanent air gases (argon, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, oxygen,
water vapour, etc.) require a relatively high energy for ionisation, and are
not ionised by the UV photons. Many of the compounds considered
pollutants, including most hydrocarbons, are ionised.
The gas stream is directed into the PID through a small port at the center of
the UV lamp window and through a series of larger ports around the
perimeter of the lamp window. This arrangement permits a high sample
flow rate and short response time.
21
VOC Pro User Manual
Lamp Power
Supply
Sample Out
Lamp Driver
Circuit
Lampholder
UV Lamp
Microprocessor
High Voltage
Plates
Light Sensor
Electrometer
+125 Volts
Detector Cell
Sample In
UV Lamp
UV Light
Repeller Electrode
Collector Electrode
M + hν
M
M
Sample
+
M + e-
Ionized Molecule
M
M
Figure 3. Photoionisation Detector
The ionised molecules in the detector cell are subjected to a continuous
electric field between the repeller electrode and the collector electrode. The
ions move in the electric field, generating a current which is proportional to
the concentration of the ionised molecules in the detector cell. An
electrometer circuit converts the current to a voltage which is then fed to the
microprocessor.
The UV lamp is operated by a high voltage lamp driver circuit which
delivers high voltage energy to the lamp through plates in the lamp holder.
The lamp driver power supply is controlled by the microprocessor based on
a feedback signal from a light sensor on the driver circuit board.
22
Introduction
Unpacking Instrument
Remove the VOC Pro from its shipping box. The following accessories are
included with the VOC Pro:
1. Sample Probe
2. Instrument Manual
3. Multi-Tool
4. AC Adapter or AC Adapter with AC Line Cord
5. Wrist Strap
6. Replacement Sample Inlet Filters (10 pieces)
7. Reference Card
Ensure that all of these accessories have been included with the instrument.
If any items are missing or damaged, contact Casella CEL immediately.
Support Equipment and Consumables
Calibration
For normal operation these items are required:
1. Calibration Gas Regulator (Part No. G202019).
2. Calibration gas containing 100 ppm isobutylene (Part No.
G202006). Other concentrations of the calibration gas may be
required. This will depend on your application.
3. Zero air. Clean, ambient air is suitable for calibration.
23
VOC Pro User Manual
Alternatively, you can use a gas sampling bag and a source of
hydrocarbon free air. Air should not have more than 0.1 ppm
total hydrocarbons (THC).
If you will be using large tanks of gas, specify a single stage,
high purity regulator with a CGA 590 connection at the inlet.
The regulator should also have a 1/8” parallel, compression
fitting with which to connect the regulator to the gas bag
adapter. The delivery pressure must be adjustable to between 5
psig (34.5 kPa). You may require a gas bag and gas bag adapter
(Part No. G202004).
4. If compound threshold limit values (TLVs) are exceeded, you
should use a gas bag for sampling and calibration.
To determine the TLV of the compounds contained in the
calibration gas, refer to the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
supplied with your calibration gas cylinder.
Field Operation
For field operation, the VOC Pro Field Kit (Part No. G202041) is available.
The field kit includes a cable kit, a carrying case and a calibration regulator,
a spare battery pack and a cylinder of 100 ppm isobutylene calibration gas.
Refer to the check list in on page 65 to ensure you have all the necessary
accessories and equipment before beginning field operation.
Computer
The VOC Pro may also be connected to a computer. The computer must be
a WindowsTM-based PC. Use the cable kit (Part No. G202028) to connect
the VOC Pro to the computer.
NOTE: The VOC Pro is not classified for use in hazardous locations when
connected to a computer
24
Using the VOC Pro
3
25
VOC Pro User Manual
Using the VOC Pro
Battery Charging
Before beginning operation of the VOC Pro, the battery pack must be
charged. You can also remove the battery pack and replace it with a fully
charged spare battery pack (Part No. G202029).
NOTE: You must use the 115 / 220 V battery charger (Part No. G202007)
in order to comply with the requirements of the applicable Council
Directives.
Removing and Replacing the Battery Pack
NOTE: Do not remove or recharge the battery pack in a hazardous
location.
To remove the battery pack
1. If the VOC Pro has been turned on, turn it off by pressing the
ON/OFF key for five seconds and then releasing it.
NOTE: If you do not turn the VOC Pro off before removing the battery
pack, you will reset the instrument and you will lose all logged data and
setup parameters.
2. Locate the battery hatch on the back of the instrument. See
Figure 4.
3. Loosen the two Phillips screws in the top of the battery hatch.
4. The battery hatch can now be removed.
5. Lift the battery pack out of the case and carefully disconnect the
battery pack connector from the VOC Pro.
6. Attach the connector from the charged battery pack to the VOC
Pro.
27
VOC Pro User Manual
Figure 4. Battery Pack Removal and Replacement
NOTE: The connector is polarized. It will only fit one way. Do not force the
connection.
7. Place the battery pack in the VOC Pro case. Ensure the battery
wires are not pinched or strained.
8. Ensure the wrist strap ring is in proper position. This ring holds
the wrist strap in place.
9. Replace the battery hatch and then replace the two screws. Do
not over-tighten the screws as you will damage the case.
28
Using the VOC Pro
Charging the Battery Pack
NOTE: Only use the AC adapter specified for use with the VOC Pro. Using
another AC adapter will result in damage to the battery pack, the VOC Pro
or the adapter itself.
To charge the battery pack:
1. Plug the AC adapter into the jack located on the bottom of the
VOC Pro.
2. Plug the AC adapter into an AC outlet. If you are using the
European AC adapter, ensure the correct plug is installed on the
line cord. If it is not correct for the wall outlet in your area, then
it must be replaced.
3. The Charge LED on the VOC Pro indicates the charge state.
Red indicates the battery is being charged. Green indicates the
battery is fully charged and ready for use.
It is normal for a fully charged battery to indicate it is charging
(red light) when first plugged in. The Charge LED will turn
green within a few minutes to indicate the battery is fully
charged.
4. When the battery pack is fully charged, remove the AC adapter
first from the wall outlet and then from the VOC Pro.
Charging a fully discharged battery pack will take approximately 4 hours.
Optionally you can use the off line charger (Part No. G202027) to charge
the battery pack when not installed in the VOC Pro.
If you are charging the battery pack in the instrument you can use all the
features of the VOC Pro while the battery pack is being charged.
29
VOC Pro User Manual
Leaving the AC adapter connected to the VOC Pro will not harm the battery
or the AC adapter in any way. If the VOC Pro is to be left unused for an
extended period of time, leave it connected to the AC adapter so that the
battery will be fully charged and ready for operation.
On average a fully charged battery pack will provide 8 hours of continuous
operation. Battery life is shorter if the instrument is turned off and then on
again repeatedly, or if the backlighting is turned on.
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Using the VOC Pro
Display
The VOC Pro has a graphic display for reporting the detected concentration
and to guide you through configuration options. All functions of the VOC
Pro will be reported on the display.
Graphic Display
The VOC Pro uses a 128 by 64 graphic display. The display will always be
used for reporting the detected concentration. In order to accommodate the
range of concentrations, the VOC Pro can detect the meter reading will be
reported using one of 2 resolutions. A resolution of 0.1 will be used for
concentrations below 100 ppm, and a resolution of 1 will be used for
concentrations above 100 ppm.
Figure 5. The VOC Pro Display
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VOC Pro User Manual
The display reports instantaneous concentration at all times when the pump
is on. In Interval mode, the display will report instantaneous concentrations
as well as PEAK, STEL or TWA.
The VOC Pro is designed for ease of use with a logically organized internal
menu structure/user interface. The VOC Pro User Menu is shown in Figure
6.
The VOC Pro has three soft keys under the graphic LCD display, which
always show the available functions of the soft keys in any screen.
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Using the VOC Pro
VOC Pro
Menu Tree
Figure 6. User Menu
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VOC Pro User Manual
Keys
Fixed Keys
The VOC Pro has two fixed keys. The first fixed key is the ON/OFF key.
The second fixed key is the dedicated calibration key. Pressing the CAL
key will start calibration in almost any mode.
The ON/OFF key is used to both turn power on to the VOC Pro as well as
the turn the power off. To turn on the VOC Pro, press the ON/OFF key. To
turn the power off, press the ON/OFF key and hold it down for 5 seconds,
and then release it. This is done to prevent accidental power off.
Soft Keys
The three soft keys on the VOC Pro are located directly below the display.
Each key has varying functions for configuring the VOC Pro, editing the
data, and controlling the display. Since only three soft keys are available,
each function is broken down into a path. A map, showing each path and the
resulting functions, is shown in Figure 6.
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Using the VOC Pro
Beginning Operation
Turning the VOC Pro On
1. Turn the VOC Pro on by pressing the ON/OFF key. See Figure
1 for the location of the ON/OFF key.
2. The VOC Pro will display the instrument’s software version
number. Next the VOC Pro will proceed to the mode display.
3. The VOC Pro has an instant-on lamp. For maximum accuracy
and stability, allow the VOC Pro to warm-up for 10 minutes
prior to calibration.
Default Display
The display shows the last mode in which the VOC Pro was used. The
resolution of the display changes with the magnitude of the reading. A
reading of 0 to 99.9 will be displayed with a resolution of 0.1 ppm. A
reading greater than 99.9 will be shown with a resolution of 1 ppm. The
meter will display concentrations up to 2000 ppm.
The VOC Pro can power up in Logging Off, Tag, or Interval mode
depending on the mode that was set by the previous user. The current mode
is shown in the upper right-hand corner of the display.
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VOC Pro User Manual
Figure 7. Logging Off Mode Display
Figure 8. Tag Mode Display
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Using the VOC Pro
Figure 9. Interval Mode Display
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VOC Pro User Manual
Numeric Value, Duration, Time and Date
Entry
In cases where the system requires the user to enter a number, duration,
time, or date, the following mechanism is used. The number of digits to be
entered depends on the type of value being entered. Upon entering a value
entry screen, a bar icon below the left most digit highlights it as the active
digit. The up (middle soft button) and down (left soft button) arrows are
used to increase/ decrease the digit. The bar icon is moved to the next digit
to the right using the right soft button. Once the user has finished entering
the value they use the right soft button to move the bar icon to the far right
to highlight the check mark. When the bar is under the check mark, the left
soft button changes to ‘done’. The user is then able to input the value.
Pressing the right soft button while the check mark is highlighted will return
the bar icon to the left most digit.
In some cases, units may be specified (e.g., ppm or hh:mm); in others there
may be no units.
No cancel option is available to the user. They must input a value.
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Using the VOC Pro
Instrument Status
The instrument status is shown on the left of the first line of the status
display. Each status has a priority assigned to it. If more than one status is in
effect, then the status with the highest priority is displayed until the
condition is corrected or until the option is turned off. Table 1 is a list of the
possible system alerts.
Table 1. System Alerts
VOC Pro Display
Zero Air Error
Span Gas Error
Pump Error
UV Lamp Error
Blocked Filter
Low Battery Icon
Data Log Full
Unit is Locked. Enter
Passcode to Unlock.
The Unit is
Communicating with
the PC
Instrument Over
Range
Alarm + R Icon
Alarm + T Icon
Alarm + S Icon
Description
Zero gas too high
Span gas too low
Pump fault
UV lamp fault
Blocked sample inlet filter
Low battery
Data memory full
Unit locked by passcode
Instrument communicating with PC
Sample concentration over instrument
operating range
Real time concentration alarm
TWA concentration alarm
STEL concentration alarm
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VOC Pro User Manual
System Alerts and Alarms
While operating the instrument, system alerts can occur. To accurately
identify the source of the alarm, each type of alarm has been given a unique
status.
In addition to the status, the VOC Pro also has an audio alarm and an alarm
LED. To conserve power, the VOC Pro alternates between the LED and
audio. Different alarms are identified by the frequency at which the VOC
Pro alternates between the audio and LED; Peak alarm is 5 times per
second, STEL alarm is 2.5 times per second, and TWA alarm is 1.25 times
per second.
A soft key is used for acknowledging alarms and is named “Accept”. If no
alarm exists, then the “Accept” key is not shown. To clear the alarm, press
the “Accept” key. Once acknowledged, the alarm indicators are cleared. The
alarm status will remain until the alarm condition clears.
The VOC Pro updates the instantaneous concentration once every second.
Following every update, the instantaneous concentration is compared to the
peak alarm level, and if exceeded, an alarm is triggered.
In Interval mode, if a 15-minute average exceeds the STEL, a STEL alarm is
generated. The TWA alarm is generated when the current average of
concentration, since the TWA was last cleared, has exceeded the TWA
exposure limit.
During calibration, all alarms are disabled. Once the calibration is complete,
the alarms are re-enabled.
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Using the VOC Pro
User Interface – Basic Menu
The VOC Pro is designed for ease of use with a logically organized internal
menu structure/user interface. The VOC Pro User Menu is shown in Figure
6.
The VOC Pro has three soft keys under the graphic LCD display which
always show the available functions of the soft keys in any screen.
Operation Modes
Logging Off Mode
Logging Off mode is identified by the word “LOG” with a diagonal line
through the word “LOG” in the upper right corner of the VOC Pro display.
Logging Off will continuously display the concentration of total volatile
compounds present that the VOC Pro can ionise. The reading is updated
approximately once per second. In Logging Off mode, the only soft key
displayed is MENU.
MENU selects the VOC Pro’s internal menu for the instrument setup by the
user.
Tag Mode
Tag mode is identified by the word “TAG” in the upper right-hand corner of
the VOC Pro display. Tag mode will continuously display the instantaneous
concentration of total volatile compounds. Tag mode also allows the user to
manually tag and datalog readings. Tag mode allows the user to datalog a
background reading, a sample reading and assign Site Codes to readings.
Site Codes are set using the VOC Pro Comm software. See Chapter 4,
Connecting Accessories, for more information on how to use the VOC Pro
Comm software. In Tag mode, the soft keys are VIEW, TAG and MENU.
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VOC Pro User Manual
VIEW selects datalogger review.
TAG selects “No Label”, “Background”, or “Sample”.
MENU selects the VOC Pro’s internal menu for the VOC Pro setup by the
user.
Interval Mode
Interval displays the instantaneous readings as well as STEL, TWA, and
PEAK readings. Interval mode is identified by the letters “INT” in the
upper right-hand corner of the VOC Pro display. Interval automatically
calculates and updates STEL, TWA, and PEAK readings. Interval mode
also automatically stores these readings in the VOC Pro’s memory at a
preset interval selected by the user. In Interval mode, the soft keys are
VIEW, CLEAR and MENU.
VIEW selects datalogger review.
CLEAR selects clearing the values for “TWA”, “PEAK”, “ALL”.
MENU selects the VOC Pro’s internal menu for the VOC Pro setup
by the user.
Short-Term Exposure Limit (STEL) Mode
The Short-Term Exposure Limit (STEL) mode displays the concentration as
a 15-minute moving average. The VOC Pro maintains 15 samples, each
representing a one-minute averaging interval.
Once every minute, the oldest of the 15 samples is replaced with a new oneminute average. This moving average provides a 15-minute average of the
last 15 minutes with a one-minute update rate. Since the average is
calculated using 15 one-minute averages, the meter display will only update
once every minute.
STEL is set to zero each time the instrument is turned on. Since STEL is a
15-minute moving average, there is no need to clear or reset the STEL.
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Using the VOC Pro
STEL calculations are always being performed by the VOC Pro. You can
display the results of the calculations by selecting Interval Mode.
Time-Weighted Average (TWA) Mode
The TWA accumulator sums concentrations every second until 8 hours of
data have been combined. If this value exceeds the TWA alarm setting, a
TWA alarm is generated. The TWA is not calculated using a moving
average. Once 8 hours of data have been summed, the accumulation stops.
In order to reset the TWA accumulator, press the “Clear” key, then select
“TWA” using the “Down Arrow” key, then press “Clear”.
This sum will only be complete after 8 hours, so the meter displays the
current sum divided by 8 hours.
TWA calculations are always being performed by the VOC Pro. You can
display the results of the calculations by selecting Interval mode.
PEAK Mode
The PEAK mode displays the current detected concentration. The reading is
updated once a second. In the background, the VOC Pro datalogger is
sampling the concentration and measuring minimum, maximum, and
average concentrations for the selected averaging interval. At the end of
every interval, one entry is placed in the datalogger until the datalogger is
full.
In order to reset the PEAK reading, press the “Clear” key then select
“PEAK” using the “Down Arrow” key then press “Clear”.
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VOC Pro User Manual
Datalogger
Interval Operation
The microprocessor accumulates all readings in an averaging interval that
you select, and determines the minimum, average and maximum readings. It
stores these numbers along with the highest priority instrument status and
the most recent time and date.
These recorded data can now be reviewed and edited. Recorded data can
also be printed using the PC. For each averaging interval, the VOC Pro
prints the minimum of all the minima, the average of all the readings for the
interval and the maximum of all the maxima.
In PEAK mode, the reading is updated once a second. In the background,
the VOC Pro datalogger is sampling the concentration and measuring min,
max, and average concentrations for the selected averaging interval. At the
end of every interval, one entry is placed in the datalogger until the
datalogger is full.
In STEL mode, 15 samples are combined to form a 15-minute average.
Once every minute, the oldest of the 15 samples is replaced with a new oneminute average. This moving average provides a 15-minute average with a
one-minute update rate so the meter display will only update once every
minute. STEL is set to zero each time the instrument is turned on.
STEL calculations are always being performed by the VOC Pro. You can
display the results of the calculations by selecting STEL as the Display
mode.
TWA mode sums concentrations every second until 8 hours of data have
been accumulated. Once 8 hours of data have been summed, the
accumulation stops.
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Using the VOC Pro
This sum will only be complete after 8 hours, so the meter displays the
current sum divided by 8 hours. While you are in TWA mode, the time on
the status display will show the number of minutes and hours of data that
TWA has accumulated. When this reaches 8 hours, the VOC Pro stops
accumulating data and the TWA is complete.
TWA calculations are always being performed by the VOC Pro. You can
display the results of the calculations by selecting TWA as the Display
mode.
Interval mode logs readings at user-selected intervals of 15 seconds, 1
minute, 2 minutes, 5 minutes, and 15 minutes. Interval simultaneously
displays the STEL, TWA, and PEAK reading along with the instantaneous
reading. The VOC Pro’s datalogger can store 15,000 entries. The interval
you select will determine the period of operation. At the end of the period,
the datalogger will be full and you will see the “Data Log Full” status.
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VOC Pro User Manual
Table 2. Averaging Intervals and Period
STEL, TWA, and PEAK Operation
Averaging
Interval
Hours of Operation to
Fill the Datalogger
15 sec
62.5
1 min
250
2 min
500
5 min
1250
15 min
3750
The VOC Pro’s display can show four values in Interval mode: STEL,
TWA, and PEAK, plus the instantaneous reading.
Erasing or Downloading Data
There are two options for data manipulation under the “Erase/Download”
Data selection.
“Clear Data Log” deletes all readings in the VOC Pro memory.
NOTE: Deleted information cannot be recovered. You should play back and print or
download the contents of the datalogger before deleting any information.
To empty the data logger in the VOC Pro:
1. Press the MENU key.
2. Use the DOWN ARROW key to choose “Data Logger Options”,
and then press the SELECT key.
3. Choose “Clear Data Log”, and then press the SELECT key.
4. Press either the YES or NO key in response to “Are you sure you
want to clear all data?”.
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Using the VOC Pro
“Download to PC” begins download of stored data from the VOC Pro to the
PC. The VOC Pro computer cable, G202028, must be connected between
the VOC Pro and the PC before beginning the data download. The VOC
Pro software package, the VOC Pro Comm, must be installed and running
on the PC prior to download.
To download data:
1. Press the MENU key.
2. Use the DOWN ARROW key to choose “Data Log Options” the
press the SELECT key.
3. Use the DOWN ARROW key to choose “Download to PC”, then
press the SELECT key.
4. Press the NEXT key at the “Connect Instrument to PC” prompt.
5. The display will show “Downloading Data” and data will now
download to the PC. Press the DONE key to stop the download at
any time.
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VOC Pro User Manual
Unit Setup Functions
Unit setup functions are used to select the VOC Pro features. There are five
functions which can be set on the VOC Pro; Pump, Backlight, User Mode,
Clock and Passcode. Figure 10 shows a menu detailing the User Setup
functions. Press the MENU key in any operating mode to access “Unit
Setup”.
Figure 10. Unit Setup Map
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Using the VOC Pro
Pump
The Pump function turns the pump on and off.
The detector is turned off when you turn the pump off. This prevents the
detector from being damaged when there is no sample flowing through the
detector.
When the pump and the detector are off, the meter display will read “Pump
Off”. Turn the pump and detector off when concentration measurements are
not necessary, and the VOC Pro will only be used for setup or reviewing
data. By operating the instrument with the pump and detector off when you
do not need them, you will conserve the battery and ultraviolet (UV) lamp.
To turn the pump on:
1. Press the MENU soft key, “Unit Setup”, press SELECT,
“Pump”, press SELECT, “On”, then press SELECT.
To turn the pump off:
2. Press the MENU soft key, “Unit Setup”, press SELECT,
“Pump”, press SELECT, “Off”, then press SELECT.
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VOC Pro User Manual
Backlight
The backlight function is used to switch the backlighting on and off when
there is insufficient light to read the display.
To switch the backlighting on and off:
1. Press the MENU soft key and select “Unit Setup”.
2. Select BACKLIGHT and then press the SELECT soft key.
Press the DOWN ARROW soft key to either turn the backlight
on or off.
3. Press SELECT soft key to return to the main display.
To extend the operating life of the battery pack, turn the backlighting off
when it is not required.
User Mode
User mode selects one of the three logging modes. The three logging modes
are Logging Off, Tag and Interval mode.
Logging Off mode displays instantaneous readings only. The display is
updated continuously and readings are not datalogged.
Tag mode displays instantaneous readings. The user has the option to
manually store the instantaneous reading as either a data point without a tag,
a background reading, or a sample reading.
Interval mode displays the instantaneous reading, STEL, TWA and PEAK
readings. In interval mode data is logged at a preset interval of 15 seconds,
1 minute, 2 minutes, 5 minutes or 15 minutes selected by the user.
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Using the VOC Pro
Clock
The Clock function is used to set both the current date and time.
Entering Numbers with the Soft Keys to Set the Clock
For all information that you must enter, the left, center and right soft keys
correspond to the up, down, and right arrow. See Figure 11.
The up and down arrows are used to change the character highlighted by the
cursor. The right arrow is used to advance the cursor to the next character on
the right. When the cursor is advanced past the right most character or
symbol 9, it wraps around to the first character again. To accept the
changes, press the DONE soft key when the checkmark is highlighted.
Figure 11. Setting the Time
The soft keys are defined on the bottom line of the display.
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VOC Pro User Manual
To set the time and date:
1. Press the MENU soft key.
2. With “Unit Setup” highlighted, press the SELECT soft key.
3. Using the DOWN ARROW soft key, highlight “Clock”. Press
the SELECT soft key.
The up and down arrow soft keys are used to change the
character underlined by the cursor. The right arrow is used to
advance the cursor to the next character on the right. When the
cursor is advanced past the right most character, it wraps around
to the first character again.
Formatting characters, such as the colon (:) in the time, the
decimal (.) in a concentration, and the slash (/) in date are
skipped when advancing the cursor.
4. Use the “arrow keys” to enter the correct time. The time is
formatted as Hour:Minute.
5. Use the RIGHT ARROW soft key until the “Checkmark” on the
display is highlighted. Press the DONE soft key to confirm the
time and move to the date option.
6. When setting the date, the VOC Pro prompts you for the current
date formatted as Month/Day/Year. Use the ARROW KEYS to
enter the correct date.
7. Press the DONE soft key to confirm the date and the display
will return to the main screen.
Passcode
The “Lock” key is used to prevent access to the VOC Pro’s sensitive
options. Sensitive options are those which can affect the VOC Pro’s
readings. If any of these functions is selected when the instrument is locked,
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Using the VOC Pro
the VOC Pro will prompt you to unlock the instrument before you can
access the functions.
To lock the VOC Pro:
1. Press the MENU soft key. Highlight UNIT SETUP and press
the SELECT soft key. Use the DOWN ARROW soft key to
highlight PASSCODE, the press the SELECT soft key.
2. Choose either UNLOCK, CHANGE or LOCK soft keys. You
will be prompted for a passcode. Using the UP, DOWN and
RIGHT ARROW soft keys, enter the passcode. Press the
RIGHT ARROW soft key until the CHECKMARK is
highlighted and select the DONE soft key.
NOTE: If you change the passcode, make sure you record the setting. If you
cannot remember your passcode once the instrument is locked, there is no
way to unlock it without losing all your data log contents.
Date Format
The Date Format function is used to select one of the two available date
formats.
MM/DD/YYYY or
DD/MM/YYYY
Using the DOWN ARROW soft key to move the cursor to the date format
you desire then press the SELECT soft key to select that format.
Language
The Language function is used to select one of the available languages. All
messages and menus will be displayed in the language selected.
Using the DOWN ARROW soft key move the cursor to the language you
desire then press the SELECT soft key to select that language.
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VOC Pro User Manual
Response Factor Library
The response of a PID to a compound is dependent on its ionisation
potential. In certain situations when the user is confident that only a single
specific compound exists, they can set up the VOC Pro using an
isobutylene calibration to mimic the VOC Pro response as if the VOC Pro
was calibrated using that specific single compound.
General Information
In situations where only a single pure compound is present in air, the VOC
Pro should be calibrated with a standard of that specific compound as span
gas. The VOC Pro’s 15 memory slots can be used to store calibration
information for 15 different span gases.
The VOC Pro will always detect all ionisable compounds present in a
sample regardless of the response factor (RF) selected.
NOTE: Even if the VOC Pro has been calibrated with a specific compound,
its response is not specific and the presence of another ionisable impurity
may render the numerical result invalid.
It is often impractical to carry a range of different standards into the field.
Approximate results can be obtained by calibrating the VOC Pro with the
recommended span gas and entering the appropriate response factor. The
response factor is based on the ratio of the response of the specific
compound to the response of the span gas. The response factor multiplies
the VOC Pro’s reading, then displays and records it.
Table 7 on page 110 provides a list of response factors. This list should be
used only for concentrations up to 500 ppm of the specific compound, as
response factors change with concentration.
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Using the VOC Pro
WARNING
The VOC Pro is a total VOC instrument and will ALWAYS
respond to all ionisable compounds present in a sample.
The VOC Pro will NEVER respond only to a specific
compound if an RF is programmed. It is the responsibility
of the user to be aware of the limitations of PID
instruments.
Response Factors and Memory Slots
Response factors built into the VOC Pro are used to correct for the response
of the PID to a specific compound. These correction factors are often called
response factors (RF). The VOC Pro has 15 memory slots. Each memory
slot can store one preset RF. Library/RF selections simplify Memory Slot
programming and provide standard response factors for approximately 100
compounds. CHOOSE FROM PRESETS allows you to select an entry from
a pre-programmed Library. The name, response factor and three alarm
levels are all set from the library.
To select a preset to program the selected Memory Slot:
Press MENU, choose “Memory Slots”, and then use the DOWN
ARROW soft key to highlight “Memory Slots”, then press the
SELECT soft key.
To select a memory slot:
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VOC Pro User Manual
Press the DOWN ARROW key until the memory slot you wish
to use is highlighted. Press the SELECT key.
The memory slot compound, RF, TWA, STEL, and Real-time
Alarm value are displayed. Press the DONE key to return to the
main menu.
To edit a memory slot:
1. Press MENU, then the DOWN ARROW key to highlight “Memory
Slot”, then press SELECT.
2. Press the SELECT key to view the “Memory Slot” content and then
press the DONE key to return to the Main Menu.
3. Press the EDIT key to change the value for Relative Response
Factors (RRF) or the REAL, STEL and TWA alarms.
4. Press the EDIT soft key, highlight either Name, RRF, STEL, TWA,
or REAL using the DOWN ARROW key, then press the SELECT
soft key.
5. Use the up, down and right arrows soft keys to enter the desired
number.
6. Highlight the CHECKMARK and press the DONE soft key.
7. Press the DONE soft key to return to the main display or press the
SELECT soft key to edit another value.
8. To return to the Main Menu, press SELECT then DONE.
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Using the VOC Pro
To select a pre-programmed compound stored in the VOC Pro’s Preset RF
library:
1. Press the MENU key.
2. Choose “Memory Slots”, then press the SELECT key.
3. Press the EDIT key.
4. Press the PRESET key.
5. Use the DOWN ARROW key to choose the alpha range of the
compound of interest, then press the SELECT key.
6. Choose the compound of interest using the DOWN ARROW key
and press the SELECT key.
7. Press the SELECT key to accept the choice or press EDIT to modify
the preset values for STEL, TWA and real time alarm as shown
above.
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VOC Pro User Manual
Calibration Technical Description
Periodic calibration is required to compensate for the VOC Pro output
changes due to inlet filter restriction, ionisation chamber contamination,
lamp cleanliness, pump wear and other factors.
During calibration, the VOC Pro is first exposed to zero air. A small (zero)
signal is generated. This zero signal is stored by the microprocessor.
The VOC Pro is next exposed to span gas. This span gas signal is stored by
the microprocessor. The microprocessor subtracts the zero signal from the
span gas signal and divides the difference by the user-entered span gas
concentration. The resulting sensitivity is stored in the selected Memory
Slots with the zero signal and the alarm levels. This number is then
multiplied by the response factor and displayed.
The VOC Pro readings are always relative to the calibration gas. After
calibration with isobutylene, the VOC Pro will respond directly in units
equivalent to isobutylene. Most volatile organic compounds will be detected
by the VOC Pro. It cannot distinguish between isobutylene and other
ionisable compounds. A reading of 10 ppm indicates all ionisable
compounds that are present have generated an ion current proportional to 10
ppm of isobutylene. The reading is actually 10 ppm isobutylene equivalent
units. The VOC Pro readings give an indication of the total ionisables
present and their concentration relative to the calibration gas.
Calibration Introduction
The VOC Pro must be calibrated in order to display concentration in ppm
units equivalent to the calibration gas. First, a supply of zero air, which
contains no ionisable gases or vapours, is used to set the VOC Pro’s zero
point. Then, a calibration gas, containing a known concentration of a
photoionisable gas or vapour, is used to set the sensitivity.
Clean indoor ambient air may be substituted for a cylinder of zero air. Due
to the VOC Pro’s sensitivity, outdoor air is usually unsuitable for
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Using the VOC Pro
calibration. For best accuracy, use a commercial source of zero grade air and
a second regulator. Zero air should have not more than 0.1 ppm total
hydrocarbons (THC).
If compound threshold limit values (TLVs) are exceeded, you should use a
gas bag for sampling and calibration.
To determine the TLV of the compounds contained in the calibration gas,
refer to the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) supplied with your
calibration gas cylinder.
NOTE: Disconnect the VOC Pro from the AC adapter before beginning
calibration.
Compressed Gases
Cylinders of compressed gas, such as calibration gas, must be handled with
extreme care. For safety, the calibration gas cylinders must be secured
before use.
Please observe the following handling procedures:
•
Mark each new regulator with its intended gas service and never use a
regulator for more than one service. To ensure safety and avoid
contamination, regulators should be dedicated to one service. Do not
change gas service or adapt equipment without consulting your gas
supplier.
•
Do not heat or expose cylinders or regulators to temperatures above
52°C (125°F). The cylinders may rupture at high temperatures.
•
Use only the specified regulator for the calibration gas. Confirm
regulator type and material with your specialty gas supplier.
•
Always secure cylinders before removing the cylinder valve protection
cap.
•
Do not drag or roll cylinders. Large cylinders should only be moved on
carts designed for compressed gas cylinders. Do not move cylinders
without the valve protection cap in place.
•
Wear safety glasses when working with compressed gases.
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VOC Pro User Manual
•
Do not store cylinders in a hazardous location. Store cylinders in an
upright position away from possible sources of heat or sparks.
•
Never plug, obstruct or tamper with safety relief devices.
Regulators for Compressed Gases
When connecting a regulator to a large cylinder:
•
Ensure cylinder valve and regulator connection match.
•
Ensure regulator construction materials are compatible with the gas, and
that the cylinder pressure gauge will withstand the cylinder pressure.
•
Never use the regulator as a shut-off valve. Close the cylinder when it is
not in use.
•
Do not subject the regulator to an inlet pressure greater than
recommended.
•
Do not move or detach the regulator when it is pressurised or when it is
in use.
•
Before connection, ensure the gas cylinder valve and the regulator CGA
connection are clean.
•
Turn the pressure control valve on the cylinder all the way off (close the
cylinder). Turn the regulator outlet to off. Open the gas cylinder valve
slowly and check for leaks. Adjust the delivery pressure and then open
the regulator outlet valve.
Calibration Gas
Adequate ventilation must be provided when the VOC Pro is being
calibrated.
If compound threshold limit values (TLV) are exceeded, you should use a
gas bag for sampling and calibration.
To determine the TLV of the compounds contained in the calibration gas,
refer to the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) supplied with your
calibration gas cylinder
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Using the VOC Pro
Calibration Using the Regulator
Connecting the Regulator to the Cylinder
Observe proper handling procedure for all gases!
WARNING
To connect the regulator to the gas cylinder:
1. Connect the regulator to the calibration gas cylinder.
2. If you are using a portable tank of calibration gas (Part No.
G202006), connect the regulator (Part No. G202019) directly to the
tank.
3. When the regulator is connected properly, you can read the cylinder
contents from the regulator gauge.
4. Connect the adapter tubing to the regulator.
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VOC Pro User Manual
Figure 12. Calibration with regulator
Calibrating the VOC Pro with the
Regulator
1. Ensure that the short sample probe is connected to the VOC Pro
inlet. If you are using the long probe for sampling, then ensure
the long probe is connected to the VOC Pro.
NOTE: Ensure the sample probe is free of any contamination as this will
affect the calibration.
2. Press the CAL key.
3. Follow the instructions on the display and connect the VOC Pro
to zero air or leave the instrument unconnected so it can sample
clean ambient air. Then press the “Next” key. The VOC Pro will
take 60-90 seconds to set the zero point for calibration.
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Using the VOC Pro
4. The VOC Pro display will show “Zero air calibrated. Continue
calibration?” Press the “Next” key.
5. Enter the span gas concentration if the concentration displayed
on the VOC Pro is different than the concentration of the span
gas cylinder. Press the “New” key and follow the display
prompts. For further information see page 38 for numeric
value, duration, time, and date entry. If the span concentration
matches the span gas cylinder concentration, press the “Next”
key. To exit calibration, press the “Cancel” key.
6. Ensure the calibration gas cylinder is upright and open the
regulator by turning the valve counter clockwise. Open the
regulator until the ball is 1/8” (3mm) from its rest position.
7. The VOC Pro will take 60-90 seconds to set the span set point.
When finished with the calibration, the VOC Pro will display
“Calibration complete”.
NOTE: If you are not using the Casella CEL Regulator, ensure that the
inlet pressure is less than 5 psi when calibrating.
NOTE:
While the Cal status is active, all alarms are deactivated.
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VOC Pro User Manual
Calibrating the VOC Pro with a Gas Bag
1. Ensure the short sample probe is connected to the VOC Pro inlet. If
you are using the long probe for sampling, then ensure the long
probe is connected to the VOC Pro.
NOTE: Ensure the sample probe is free of any contamination as this will
affect the calibration
2. Press the CAL key.
3. Follow the instructions on the display and connect the VOC Pro to
zero air sample bag or leave the instrument unconnected so it can
sample clean ambient air. Then press the “Next” key. The VOC Pro
will take 60-90 seconds to set the zero point for calibration.
4. The VOC Pro display will show “Zero air calibrated. Continue
calibration?” Press the “Next” key.
5. Enter the span gas concentration if the concentration displayed on
the VOC Pro is different than the concentration of the span gas
cylinder. Press the “New” key and follow the display prompts. If
the span concentration matches the span gas cylinder concentration,
press the “Next” key.
6. Connect the VOC Pro to the sample bag containing the span gas.
The VOC Pro will take 60-90 seconds to set the span set point.
When finished with the calibration, the VOC Pro will display
“Calibration complete”.
NOTE: While the Cal status is active, all alarms are deactivated.
64
Using the VOC Pro
Preparing for Field Operation
Field Check List
When using the VOC Pro for field operation, the following items should be
carried into the field to reduce or eliminate down time of the instrument.
If you are going to be in the field for a single 8-10 hour day, then you should
include the following accessories:
Table 3. Check List for Field Operation
9 Spare battery pack (Part No. G202029)
9 Spare 10.6 UV lamp (Part No. G202002)
9 VOC Pro multi-tool (Part No. G202026)
9 Short sample probe (Part No. G202032)
9 Calibration regulator (Part No. G202019)
9 Tank(s) of calibration gas (Part No. G202006)
9 Spare inlet filters (Part No. G202030) pack of 25
9 Carrying case (Part No. G202020)
9 Instrument manual (Part No. G202033)
9 DC power cord (Part No. G202021)
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VOC Pro User Manual
If you will be in the field for more than one day, you should include the
following additional items:
Table 4. Additional Field Items
9 Switchable 115/ 220 VAC adapter (Part No.G202007 )
9 Cable kit (Part No. G202028)
9 Computer and associated cables
Operational Check List
Before beginning field work, set up and calibrate the VOC Pro for your
particular application.
To ensure the instrument is in working order before heading into the field:
1. Ensure the battery pack is fully charged. If you are unsure about
the status of the battery, replace the battery pack with one that is
fully charged. See Battery Charging on page 27.
2. After calibration is complete, sample the calibration gas and the
bag of zero air to ensure the VOC Pro has been calibrated
correctly.
3. Select the correct operating mode. See Section regarding
Operation Modes page 41.
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Using the VOC Pro
Connecting
Accessories
4
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VOC Pro User Manual
Connecting Accessories
Computer
The VOC Pro will download information stored in its datalogger to a
Windows® based computer. This option may be used if you need to prepare
reports based on the VOC Pro’s recorded data. This feature may also be
used if you need the recorded data in a format that can be imported into a
spreadsheet or database for further calculations.
NOTE: The VOC Pro is not classified for use in hazardous locations when
connected to any computer.
The instructions below will provide you with the basic information for using
the VOC Pro with the VOC Pro communications software, the VOC Pro
Comm. In order to use these instructions, you must be familiar with
Microsoft Windows and it must be installed and running on your computer.
To initiate communications between the VOC Pro and a PC:
1. Turn the VOC Pro off.
NOTE: You must turn the instrument off before connecting or disconnecting
the computer cable.
2. The VOC Pro must be connected to a serial port. Use the computer
cable (Part No. G202028) to connect the VOC Pro to one of the
computer’s serial ports. Remember which serial port you are using
as you will need this information when you set up the VOC Pro
Communications software. Normally you will use Com1 or Com2.
3. If the VOC Pro printer cable plugs directly into the port on the
computer without the gender changer or the 9 to 25-pin adapter, you
are most probably connected to a parallel port. You will need at
least one of the adapter cables to connect the VOC Pro to a serial
port. Once all connections have been made, turn on the VOC Pro
instrument.
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VOC Pro User Manual
4. Start the VOC Pro Comm software as you would any Windows®
program. The VOC Pro Comm splash screen will appear on the PC.
Once the VOC Pro Comm software is running, the PC is ready to
receive data from the VOC Pro.
5. On the VOC Pro, the number of data bits has been fixed at 8, stop
bits has been fixed at 1. Parity has been set at None and the Flow
control is Xon/Xoff. These values are set automatically by the VOC
Pro Comm software.
6. On the VOC Pro, press the MENU key, choose “Data Log Options”,
then press the SELECT key.
7. Choose the “Download to PC” option using the DOWN ARROW
key and press the SELECT key.
8. Follow the VOC Pro prompts to start the data download.
For your reference, the pin assignments for all serial port signals are listed
below.
Table 5. Serial Port Signals
70
Pin #
Function
VOC Pro
2
RXD
Output to PC
3
TXD
Input from PC
5
GND
Ground
6
CTS
Output to PC
8
DCE
Output to PC
Connecting Accessories
Wrist Strap
To use the wrist strap:
1. Turn off the VOC Pro and then remove the battery cover. See
Removing and Replacing the Battery Pack on page 27.
2. Place the metal ring of the wrist strap in the circular notch
located on the battery door.
3. Replace the battery cover.
4. Adjust the strap length as necessary.
DC Power Cord
The VOC Pro can be connected to a car battery through the cigarette lighter
with the DC power cord. While the VOC Pro is connected to the car battery,
the VOC Pro battery is being charged.
NOTE: The VOC Pro is not classified for use in hazardous locations with a
DC power cord.
To connect the VOC Pro to a DC power supply:
1. Turn the instrument off by pressing the ON/OFF key for five
seconds.
2. Connect the DC power cord (Part No. G202021) to the VOC
Pro AC adapter jack on the rear of the instrument.
3. Connect the other end of the DC power cord to the cigarette
lighter in the car.
4. Turn the instrument on again by pressing the ON/OFF key.
If the vehicle is running, ensure the engine exhaust does not contaminate
your samples.
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VOC Pro User Manual
Belt Clip Holster
Use the belt clip holster (Part No. G202018) to protect the instrument and to
mount the instrument to a belt.
1. Insert the VOC Pro into the holster.
11.7 eV UV Lamp
General Information
The VOC Pro is equipped with a standard 10.6 eV UV lamp. An 11.7 eV
UV lamp (Part No. G202003) is available for special applications.
Install this lamp as outlined in Removing and Replacing the UV Lamp on
page 83. When you install a UV lamp other than the standard 10.6 eV lamp,
all the response factors become invalid. You must set the response factor for
the current cal memory to 1. Contact Casella CEL’s Applications
Department for further information.
NOTE: Do not use the 11.7 eV lamp in conjunction with the dilution probe.
Limitations of Lithium Fluoride Lamp
Window
This lamp is intended for special applications only. It is not suitable for
normal operation, due to limitations of the lamp window material.
The 11.7 eV lamp window material is lithium fluoride (LiF). LiF is
composed of two light elements which are easily disrupted within the crystal
72
Connecting Accessories
lattice by the UV light generated by the lamp. Disruption of the lattice
causes the crystal to turn a yellowish color, and performance may decline.
Unlike other lamp windows, LiF readily absorbs water from atmospheric
humidity. When contaminated by moisture, the window loses its ability to
transmit UV light.
NOTE: Do not touch the lamp window or handle it near water.
Using the 11.7 eV UV Lamp
With an 11.7 eV lamp installed, your instrument functions as a detector
responding to compounds which ionise at 11.7 eV or less. The 11.7 eV lamp
may be useful for detecting compounds not ionised by the standard 10.6 eV
lamp.
Due to the LiF lamp window limitations, the lifetime of the 11.7 eV lamp
may be shortened and it should be used sparingly according to the following
instructions.
To use the 11.7 eV lamp in your the VOC Pro:
1. Remove the 11.7 eV lamp from the supplied desiccant bottle
and install the lamp as outlined in Removing and Replacing the
UV Lamp on page 80.
NOTE: Do not remove or replace any detector lamp in a hazardous
location.
2. Turn the instrument on and wait for the ready status. If the lamp
cannot be started, contact Casella CEL’s Technical Support
Department.
3. Calibrate the VOC Pro. See Calibration Using the Regulator
on page 61.
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VOC Pro User Manual
4. All response factors are invalid when an 11.7 eV lamp is
installed. The response factor must be set to 1.
5. Recalibrate the instrument every 15 minutes of operation.
6. Every hour of operation, switch off the instrument, remove the
lamp and examine the window for yellowing. If the window is
yellow, then regenerate the window according to the procedure
in Cleaning the Lithium Fluoride Window on page 87.
7. After use, remove the lamp and store it in the supplied desiccant
bottle.
Do not leave the 11.7 eV lamp in the instrument when you turn it off.
Always remove the 11.7 eV lamp and store it in the supplied desiccant
bottle.
74
Connecting Accessories
Off-Line Charger
General Information
The off-line charger (Part No. G202027) allows you to charge a battery pack
independently of the VOC Pro. To charge a battery pack without removing
it from the VOC Pro, see Battery Charging on page 27.
The off-line charger requires one of the following the VOC Pro accessories
for operation:
• AC Adapter (Part No. G202010 - North America)
•
AC Adapter (Part No. G202009 - Europe)
•
AC Adapter (Part No G202008- UK)
•
DC Power Cord (Part No. G202021)
Use only the AC adapter specified for use with the VOC Pro. Using another
AC adapter will result in damage to the battery pack, the off-line charger, or
the adapter.
Charging from an AC Source
NOTE: Do not charge the battery pack in a hazardous location.
To re-charge your battery pack:
1. Remove the battery pack as outlined in Battery Charging on
page 27.
2. Attach the connector from the battery pack to the socket on the
off line charger.
NOTE: The connector is polarized. It will only fit one way. Do not force the
connection.
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VOC Pro User Manual
3. Plug the AC adapter into the jack on the opposite face of the
off-line charger.
4. Plug the AC adapter into an AC outlet. If you are using the
European AC adapter, ensure the correct plug is installed on the
line cord. If it is not correct for the wall outlet in your area, then
it must be replaced.
5. The LED on the upper face of the off-line charger indicates the
charge state of the battery pack. Red indicates the battery is
being charged. Green indicates the battery is fully charged.
6. Charging a fully discharged battery pack will take
approximately four hours.
7. It is normal for a fully charged battery pack to indicate it is
charging (red light) when first plugged in. The LED will turn
green within a few minutes to indicate the battery is fully
charged.
8. When the battery pack is fully charged, remove the AC adapter,
first from the wall outlet, then from the off line charger.
9. Remove the battery pack connector from the socket on the offline charger.
10. Replace the battery pack in the VOC Pro as outlined in
Removing and Replacing the Battery Pack on page 279.
You can keep the battery pack fully charged indefinitely, without
overcharging it, by leaving it connected to the off-line charger while the
charger is operating.
Charging from a DC Source
To re-charge your battery pack:
1. Remove the battery pack as outlined in Removing and
Replacing the Battery Pack on page 27.
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Connecting Accessories
2. Attach the connector from the battery pack to the socket on the
off-line charger.
NOTE: The connector is polarized. It will only fit one way. Do not force the
connection.
3. Plug the DC power cord into the jack on the opposite face of the
off-line charger.
4. Plug the DC power cord into a vehicle auxiliary 12 VDC or
cigarette lighter socket.
5. The LED on the upper face of the off line charger indicates the
charge state of the battery pack. Red indicates the battery is
being charged. Green indicates the battery is fully charged.
6. Charging a fully discharged battery pack will take
approximately 4 hours.
7. It is normal for a fully charged battery pack to indicate it is
charging (red light) when first plugged in. The LED will turn
green within a few minutes to indicate the battery is fully
charged.
8. When the battery pack is fully charged, remove the DC power
cord, first from the vehicle auxiliary 12 VDC or cigarette lighter
socket, then from the off-line charger.
9. Remove the battery pack connector from the socket on the offline charger.
10. Replace the battery pack in the VOC Pro as outlined in Battery
Charging on page 27.
You can keep the battery pack fully charged indefinitely, without
overcharging it, by leaving it connected to the off line charger while the
charger is operating.
77
Routine
Maintenance
5
Routine Maintenance
Battery Charging
A fully charged battery pack powers the VOC Pro for approximately 8
hours. If the instrument is to be used for more than 8 hours, carry a spare
battery pack (Part No. G202029). When the first one has been discharged,
replace it with the spare.
NOTE: If you do not turn the VOC Pro off before removing the battery
pack, you will reset the instrument and you will lose all logged data and
setup parameters.
When the VOC Pro displays the low battery symbol, the battery pack
requires charging. When the low battery symbol is displayed, you have 30
minutes of operation left. The VOC Pro will turn itself off before the battery
pack becomes critically low.
Do not remove or recharge the battery pack in a hazardous
location.
WARNING
Upon return from field work, charge the battery packs as outlined in Battery
Charging on page 27. Use only the AC adapter specified for use with the
VOC Pro. Optionally you can use the off-line charger to charge the battery
pack independently of the instrument. See Off-Line Charger on page 75.
NOTE: You must use the 115 / 220 V battery charger (Part No. G202007)
in order to comply with the requirements of the applicable Council
Directives.
If you do not require portable operation, you can use the VOC Pro while it is
connected to the AC adapter.
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VOC Pro User Manual
The VOC Pro is not intrinsically safe when connected to an
AC adapter.
WARNING
The AC adapter automatically charges at a high charge rate until the battery
pack is fully charged. It then maintains the full charge with a low continuous
charge rate indefinitely so there is no danger of over-charging.
When the Charge LED on the top of the VOC Pro is red, the battery is
charging. When the Charge LED turns green, the battery is fully charged.
Battery Pack Care
Leaving the VOC Pro for more than 3 months without charging the batteries
may result in the loss of recorded data and setup parameters. If the VOC Pro
is not used for long periods of time, recharge the battery for a few hours
every 30 days to avoid loss of data. See Battery Charging on page 27 for
instructions on charging the battery.
Please observe the following:
•
For replacement battery pack use only Part No. G202029.
•
Do not dispose of the battery pack in a fire. The cell may explode.
•
The battery pack is 24% cadmium (Cd) by weight. This battery pack
must be disposed of properly. Check with local codes for special
disposal instructions.
•
Do not open or mutilate the battery pack.
•
Exercise care in handling battery packs in order not to short the
terminals with conducting materials such as rings, bracelets and keys.
The battery or conductor may overheat and cause burns.
82
Routine Maintenance
•
Charge the battery pack using the AC adapter provided with or
identified for use with this product only in accordance with the
instructions and limitations specified in this manual. For AC adapter use
only Part No. G202010 (North America) or G202009 (Europe), or
G202008 for UK.
Maintenance of the UV Lamp
Removing and Replacing the UV Lamp
NOTE: Do not remove or replace the UV lamp in a hazardous location.
To remove the UV lamp from your instrument:
1. Ensure the instrument is turned off.
You must turn the instrument off before removing the lamp
cover.
WARNING
2. Remove the lamp housing cover.
3. Tilt the VOC Pro slightly and remove the UV lamp.
Do not touch the wire grid inside the detector cell. Any dust
or dirt in the detector cell can be blown out with a gentle jet
of compressed air.
WARNING
Do not insert any object, other than the UV lamp, into the
lampholder.
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VOC Pro User Manual
4. Without touching the lamp window, place the new lamp into the
VOC Pro lamp holder, window first. See Figure 13.
Figure 13. Removing the UV Lamp
NOTE: Do not force the lamp into the lampholder.
5. Replace the lamp housing cover. Tighten the cover down. Do
not overtighten.
6. Calibrate the VOC Pro and then continue normal operation.
84
Routine Maintenance
Cleaning the UV Lamp Window
During the course of normal operation, a film builds up on the window of
the UV lamp. The rate at which the film develops depends on the type and
concentration of the gases and vapours being sampled and results from the
UV light interacting with them.
Hot gases and vapours may contribute to a decrease in sensitivity because
they may condense on the lamp window. Condensation may eventually
evapourate off the window, but it will usually leave a residue that must be
removed by cleaning the lamp window.
Since some UV inhibiting deposits are invisible to the eye, regular cleaning
of the lamp window is strongly recommended. Clean the lamp frequently to
prevent a heavy buildup of deposits that may be difficult to remove.
Do not remove the UV lamp in a hazardous location.
WARNING
The UV lamp cleaning kit (Part No. G202025) includes aluminum oxide
powder (3.0-micron powder) and cotton swabs. Additionally, you will
require approximately 10 mL of methanol. When ordering methanol, specify
purge and trap grade.
The instructions provided below are for 10.6 eV lamps. Refer to Cleaning
the Lithium Fluoride Window for special instructions to clean the 11.7 eV
lamp window.
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VOC Pro User Manual
Never touch the UV lamp window with your fingers.
WARNING
To clean the UV lamp:
1. Remove the lamp as outlined in Removing and Replacing the
UV Lamp on page 83.
2. Allow the lamp to cool to room temperature to avoid thermal
shock, which could crack the window.
3. Dampen a cotton swab in methanol and dab it into the cleaning
compound. Allow a small amount of the cleaning compound to
adhere to the cotton tip.
Do not use methanol to clean the 11.7 eV lamp window.
WARNING
4. Using small circular motions, rub the cleaning compound onto
the lamp window. Do not exert excessive force onto the
window, since the window can be permanently damaged by
misuse.
5. Continue cleaning for approximately one minute.
6. Dampen a new cotton swab with methanol and remove any
trace amounts of the cleaning compound from the lamp
window.
86
Routine Maintenance
7. Wipe the window and the lamp with a dry, lint free tissue to
remove any trace amounts of the cleaning compound and
methanol. All traces of cleaning compound must be removed.
8. Without touching the lamp window, replace the lamp as
outlined in Removing and Replacing the UV Lamp on page 83.
Cleaning the Lithium Fluoride Window
To clean the 11.7 eV lamp window:
1. Clean the lamp window with dry aluminum oxide powder on a
dry cotton swab. Do not use methanol or water.
2. Wipe the window and the lamp with a dry, lint free tissue to
remove any trace amounts of the cleaning compound and
methanol. All traces of cleaning compound must be removed.
3. The lamp window can also be regenerated by storing the lamp
in a desiccant for at least 5 days.
NOTE: You may not be able to fully clean the 11.7 eV lamp window.
Replacing the Sample Inlet Filter
The VOC Pro is equipped with a combined dust and water filter to reduce
detector contamination. As the filter collects dust, the VOC Pro’s inlet flow
rate and sensitivity decrease. The filter will not allow water to pass through,
but the filter will not stop all solvents.
NOTE: Do not aspirate liquid samples with the VOC Pro!
Replace the filter on a weekly basis, or more frequently if the VOC Pro is
used in a dusty or wet environment. You must replace the filter if the VOC
Pro has been exposed to water. If you are sampling hot gases or vapours,
condensation in the sample line may also affect the filter.
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VOC Pro User Manual
Do not replace the inlet filter in a hazardous location.
WARNING
To replace the inlet filter:
1. Turn the instrument off. Unscrew the filter housing from the
detector housing. Be careful not to lose the
O-ring seal.
2. Remove the Teflon/Polypropylene filter and install the new
filter (Part No. G202030). Place the filter so that the Teflon side
is facing down in the filter housing and the mesh side is facing
the VOC Pro.
Figure 14. Replacing the Inlet Filter
88
Routine Maintenance
Handle the filter disk only by the edges. The mesh may be
damaged or contaminated by excessive handling. Use forceps if
possible.
3. Replace the filter housing.
4. Recalibrate and then continue normal operation.
89
Troubleshooting
6
Troubleshooting
General Information
If you have a service-related question about the VOC Pro, consult this
manual first. If you cannot find the answer in this documentation, contact
Casella CEL’s Technical Support Department.
When you call, please have the following information ready:
1. A description of what happened and what you were doing when
the problem occurred.
2. Any corrective action that you have tried.
3. The exact wording of any messages that appeared on the
display.
Do not service the VOC Pro in a hazardous location.
WARNING
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VOC Pro User Manual
Troubleshooting
Situation
Cause
Action
Zero Air Error
Contamination of sample
lines, sample probe, inlet
filter or fittings before the
detector
Clean or replace contaminated
item
Span gas and zero air are
mixed up.
Ensure that clean air is used to
zero the VOC Pro. If you are
using gas bags, mark the zero
air and span gas bags clearly.
Ambient air is
contaminated.
If you are not sure of the
cleanliness of the ambient air,
use a commercial zero grade
air to zero the VOC Pro.
Span gas and zero air are
mixed up.
Ensure that clean air is used to
zero the VOC Pro. If you are
using gas bags, mark the zero
air and span gas bags clearly.
Span gas concentration is
too low.
Span gas concentration should
be higher than 25 ppm.
UV lamp window is dirty.
Clean the lamp window.
See page 85.
UV lamp is failing.
Install a new lamp. See
Removing and Replacing the
UV Lamp on page 83.
The concentration and
sample gas are not compatible with the VOC Pro.
Contact Casella CEL for
assistance.
Span Gas
Error
94
Troubleshooting
UV Lamp
Error
UV lamp has not started
immediately.
This fault may occur momentarily
when the VOC Pro is first turned
on. Allow 60 seconds for UV
lamp to start and fault to clear.
Turn the VOC Pro off then on
again. Wait 60 seconds for UV
lamp to start.
Pump Error
UV lamp is not installed
Install UV lamp. See
Removing and Replacing the
UV Lamp on page 83.
Incorrect lamp is installed.
Use only a getterless UV lamp.
G202002 or G202003
Electronic problem
Contact Casella CEL for
assistance.
If the pump sounds labored,
the pump is operating
outside its normal operating
range.
Check for obstructions in the
sample line.
Verify that the sample line,
sample probe and inlet filter
are not blocked.
Ensure that the sample outlet
is not blocked.
The VOC Pro has aspirated a Contact Casella CEL for
liquid.
assistance.
The pump has failed.
Blocked
Filter
Contact Casella CEL for
assistance.
Replace the inlet filter Casella
CEL Part No. G202030.
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VOC Pro User Manual
Instrument
over range.
Display will
read ∧∧∧∧.
96
High concentrations of
gases will saturate the
detector and electronics.
Wait until the display returns
to normal. PIDs are designed
to detect relatively low levels
of gases.
The detector has become
saturated.
Move the VOC Pro to a
location where it can sample
clean air. Sample clean air
until the readings stabilize at a
low level.
Detector has been shortcircuited by foreign matter
in the cell.
Contact Casella CEL for
assistance.
Troubleshooting
General Questions
Very low or no
instrument
response
detected, yet
compounds are
known to be
present
The VOC Pro has not been
properly calibrated.
Verify the concentration of the
span gas. Calibrate the VOC
Pro. See page 58.
Memory slots are not set
up correctly.
Program the memory slots.
See page 55.
Response Factor has been
set to zero.
Set Response Factor to 1.0 or
refer to Table 7 for correct
response factor.
Detector is leaking.
Ensure the UV lamp is
correctly installed.
Ensure the lamp cover is tight.
Do not over tighten.
Ensure the O-ring seal on the
lamp cover is positioned
correctly.
UV lamp is the incorrect
size.
Contact Casella CEL for
correct lamp.
Sampling environment is
extremely humid or it is
raining.
Water vapour is not ionised by
the PID. Water vapour does
scatter and absorb light that
causes a higher or lower
reading. The VOC Pro has
been designed to work in a
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VOC Pro User Manual
humid environment but you
may notice a decreased
response.
Erroneous
high readings
Date and time
setting are not
retained
98
UV lamp is failing.
Install a new UV lamp. See
page 83.
High concentrations of
non-ionisable compounds.
Chemical compounds with an
ionisation potential higher than
10.9 eV or 11.9 eV scatter and
absorb UV light. Sensitivity
may be decreased. Contact
Casella CEL for more
information.
Sampling environment is
very humid.
Water vapour may contain
mineral salts which carry a
charge. The water vapour
becomes an electrolytic
solution which becomes
ionised when it enters the
detector.
The VOC Pro is not
properly calibrated.
Ensure that the calibration gas
is the correct concentration
and calibrate the VOC Pro as
described on page 58.
Memory Slots have not
been properly
programmed.
Program the memory slots.
See page 55.
Detector has been shortcircuited by foreign
material.
Contact Casella CEL for
assistance.
The battery pack was
removed before the VOC
Pro was turned off.
Replace the battery pack and
reset the time and date. See
page 27.
Troubleshooting
Display is
blank
Sample flow is
less than 300
ml/min/
Liquid has
been aspirated.
Cannot
download data
to PC
The VOC Pro has not been
used for 3 months or more.
Connect the VOC Pro to the
battery charger and recharge
the battery. Reset the date and
time.
Battery pack is critically
low.
Recharge or replace the battery
pack.
The battery pack is not
connected to the VOC Pro
properly.
Ensure the battery pack
connector is securely attached
to the VOC Pro.
Inlet filter is plugged.
Replace the inlet filter. See
page 87.
Inlet filter is incorrectly
installed.
Ensure the inlet filter is
installed correctly.
See page 87.
Sample outlet is blocked.
Clear blockage from sample
outlet.
Pump has been damaged.
Contact Casella CEL for
assistance.
The VOC Pro has been
exposed to a solvent that
can pass through the inlet
filter.
Contact Casella CEL for
assistance.
Very corrosive gases have
been sampled.
Contact Casella CEL for
assistance.
Cable is not connected.
Connect the VOC Pro to the
PC. See page 69.
99
Troubleshooting
Appendices
7
101
VOC Pro User Manual
102
Appendices
Specifications
Size:
9” (228.6 mm) long x 3” (76.2 mm)
deep x 4.25” (107.9 mm) wide at display
tapering to 2.6” (66 mm) at handle
Weight:
1.9 pounds (0.86 kg)
Detector:
Instant on photoionisation detector with
standard 10.6eV UV lamp, optional 11.7
eV lamp available
Keypad:
5 keys with tactile feedback.
Display:
128 x 64 LCD display for alphanumeric
readouts and soft key display
Datalogger
memory:
15,000 entries
Serial output:
RS-232, 9600 baud, 8 data bits with no
parity, for connection to a WindowsTM
compatible computer
Audio output:
80 decibels @ 2048 Hz, on Alarm
Inlet connection:
1/8” (3.175 mm) fitting
Battery type:
Nickel cadmium rechargeable cell with
intelligent charger. The battery pack is
24% cadmium (Cd) by weight.
Charge/discharge
time:
4 hr/8 hr
Input Power:
12 VDC, 1.0 A
Battery charger:
Automatically charges and maintains
full charge in battery pack.
103
VOC Pro User Manual
Casella CEL Part No U.S. and Canada –. G202010 / G202008 –
UK / G202009 (Eur)
Input:
120VAC 60 Hz 21W
Output:
+12VDC 1000mA
Regulatory Approvals:
CSA, UL
All other Countries – Casella CEL
Part No. G202007
Input:
100-250VAC 50-60 Hz 0.5-0.3A
Output:
+12VDC 2.08A
Regulatory Approvals: CE Mark, CSA, UL
Materials in
sample stream:
Stainless steel, Teflon,
Viton®, polypropylene, nitrile
chorobutadiene rubber, nickel.
Inlet filter:
Replaceable Teflon/Polypropylene, 1 µm
Inlet flow rate:
Greater than 300 mL/min
Operating
temperature
range:
0 to 40°C (32 to 105°F)
Operating
humidity range:
0 to 95% relative humidity
(non-condensing)
Operating
altitude
range:
Up to 10,000 ft (3000 m)
Storage
temperature
range:
-10 to 65°C (14 to 149°F)
Storage
humidity range:
condensing)
104
0 to 100% relative humidity (non-
Appendices
Storage
altitude
range:
Up to 15,000 ft (4570 m)
Operating
concentration
range:
0.5 to 2000 ppm, isobutylene
Accuracy:
+/-10% or +/-2 ppm, whichever is
greater
Precision:
1% of calibration (calibrated with 100
ppm isobutylene)
Response time:
Less than 3 seconds to 90%
Detection limit:
0.5 ppm isobutylene
Dilution probe:
Normal calibration: concentrations
between 100 to 20,000 ppm +/- 20%
High accuracy calibration:
concentrations between 100 to 1000
ppm +/- 15%. Concentrations between
1000 to 20,000 ppm +/- 20%
NOTE: Specifications subject to change without notice.
105
VOC Pro User Manual
Warranty
The VOC Pro is warranted for one year against defects in materials and
workmanship.
Casella CEL warranties that its manufactured product will be free from
defects in materials and workmanship for a period of one (1) year from the
date of shipment by Casella CEL. This may be voided if, in the opinion of
Casella CEL, the product has been abused or treated in a negligent manner
so as to cause damage or failure. Negligent use includes, but is not limited
to, exposure of the internal parts of the equipment to water. Damage caused
thereby is expressly excluded from this Warranty.
Consumable supplies and parts routinely replaced are not warranted.
Casella CEL and its vendors disclaim any implied warranty of
merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. Casella CEL and its
vendors will not be liable for any indirect, special, incidental, or
consequential damages, irrespective of whether Casella CEL or the vendor
has advance notice of the possibility of such damages.
Casella CEL’s sole liability under this warranty is limited to the repair or
replacement of the product at Casella CEL’s discretion at its Service/Repair
facility and return to the Customer.
The customer is responsible for insurance and shipping to the designated
Casella CEL Service/Repair facility.
106
Appendices
Contacting Casella CEL
To place an order,
check the status of an
order, obtain current
pricing and availability
+ 44 (0) 1234 844100
Service and repair of
your instrument
Technical Support
Department
+44 (0) 1234 844100
Customer Service
Casella CEL Ltd
Worldwide:
Regent House
Wolseley Road
Kempston
Beds
MK42 7Jy
England
+44 (0) 1234844100
www.casellacel.com
[email protected]
Table 6. Contact Information
107
VOC Pro User Manual
Installing Alternate AC Plug on the Battery
Charger
In most cases the VOC Pro will be shipped with an AC line cord that will fit
the AC wall outlet in your area. If this cannot be done, you may need to
obtain an AC line cord suitable for the AC receptacle in your area.
The AC line cord, attached plug and receptacle must be marked with your
country’s certification mark and the cord must have a Harmonization (HAR)
mark.
The line cord must be rated for either 100 to 120 VAC at 60 Hz or 220 to
240 VAC at 50 Hz. The voltage rating will depend on the voltage in your
area.
Contact your Casella CEL representative to obtain more information.
Calibration Gas Supplier
The recommended span gas is isobutylene in air. 100 ppm isobutylene in air
may be obtained from Casella CEL.
The exact concentration will be determined by your application. Other
concentrations and other gases may be obtained from your local gas
supplier. If you cannot locate a local gas supplier, contact Casella CEL’s
Technical Support Department.
Using the Gas Bag
To fill gas bag:
1. Turn the knurled plastic knob counter clockwise to unlock it.
Use the knurled collar on the valve tube to gently push the valve
tube down, toward the bag.
108
Appendices
2. Turn the knurled plastic knob clockwise to lock the valve tube
in place.
3. Turn the regulator knob counter clockwise about half a turn to
start the flow of gas. Fill the gas bag about half full and then
close the regulator.
4. Open the syringe port and empty the bag. Flush the bag a few
times with the calibration gas and then fill it.
5. To close the gas bag valve, turn the knurled plastic knob
counter-clockwise to unlock it. Gently pull the valve tube up to
close the valve. Turn the knurled plastic knob clockwise to
tighten it against the valve tube.
Once the bag has been filled, use the bag and sample as soon as possible.
NOTE: Do not use gas bags to sample unstable or highly reactive
compounds. Do not use Tedlar® bags for storage of hazardous materials.
Tube Stub
Septum Retainer
Locking Ring
Gas Bag Valve
Injection Port
Replacing the Septum
Remove retainer and
replace silicone septum.
Place septum with
Teflon side down.
Replace septum after
5-10 injections.To replace
septum, turn retainer counterclockwise. For replacement
septa order Teflon bonded to
Silcone, diameter = .375" (9.5 mm)
Replace retainer
Do not overtighten.
Overtightening may result
in needle blocakge
Figure 15. Using the Gas Bag
109
VOC Pro User Manual
System Fuse Values
Module
Fuse
Voltage, Current, Type
Battery Pack
F1
125VDC, 750 mA, Very Fast Acting
Microcontroller Board
F1
125VDC, 1.5 A, Very Fast Acting
Display Board
F1,F2
125VDC, 125 mA, Very Fast Acting
Display Board
F3
125VDC, 100 mA, Very Fast Acting
Response Factors
The response factors were determined over the range 5 - 500 ppm, based on
a 100-ppm isobutylene calibration. Isobutylene RF = 1.0. The following
formula was used for calculation of response factors:
Response Factor =
Actual Concentration
VOC Pro Response
A response factor less than 1.0 indicates a compound response better than
that of isobutylene. A response factor greater than 1.0 indicates a lower
response than that of isobutylene.
NOTE: It does not matter which response factor is entered. The VOC Pro’s
response is not specific to any one compound. The reading displayed
represents the total concentration of all ionisable compounds in the sample.
When using response factors, results are expected to be accurate to +/- 10
ppm or +/- 25%, whichever is greater.
110
Appendices
Table 7. Response Factors
Compound
Acetaldehyde
Response Factor
10.5
Acetone
1.2
Acetophenone
2.0
Acrolein (2-Propenal)
4.0
Acrylic Acid
Acrylonitrile
10.9
ND3
Allyl Chloride (3-Chloro-1-Propene)
3.9
Benzene
0.5
Bromoform (Tribromomethane)
2.0
1,3-Butadiene
0.7
n-Butane
0.2
n-Butanol
3.4
n-Butyl Acetate
2.3
Butyl Acrylate
1.8
Butyl Cellosolve
3.1
n-Butyl Acrylate
1.8
n-Butyl Mercaptan (Butanethiol)
0.6
Carbon Disulfide
1.3
Chlorobenzene
0.4
Crotonaldehyde (2-Butenal)
1.2
Cumene (Isopropylbenzene)
0.6
Cyclohexane
1.3
111
VOC Pro User Manual
Cyclohexanol
3.4
Cyclohexanone
0.9
Diacetone alcohol
1.8
1,2-Dichlorobenzene (ortho-)
0.5
cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene
0.8
trans-1,2-Dichloroethylene
0.4
N,N-Dimethylformamide (DMF)
0.8
1,4-Dioxane
1.3
Epichlorohydrin
6.5
Ethanol
8.8
Ethyl Acetate
3.8
Ethyl Acrylate
2.3
Ethylbenzene
0.5
Ethyl Cellosolve (2-Ethoxyethanol)
1.3
Ethylene Glycol
0.1
Ethyl Ether (Diethyl Ether)
1.2
Ethyl Mercaptan (Ethanethiol)
0.6
Ethylene
112
10.1
n-Heptane
2.4
n-Hexane
4.7
2-Heptanone
2.1
Hydrogen Sulfide
3.3
Isoamyl Acetate
1.8
Isobutyl Acetate
2.6
Isobutyl Alcohol
0.3
Appendices
Isobutyraldehyde
1.1
Isopentane
8.2
Isoprene (2-Methyl-1,3-Butadiene)
0.6
Isopropanol
4.4
Isopropyl Acetate
2.6
Isopropyl Ether
0.8
Mercaptopropionic Acid
0.1
Methacrylic Acid
0004
Methyl n-Amyl Ketone (2-heptanone)
2.1
Methyl Bromide (Bromomethane)
1.6
Methyl Chloroform (1,1,1 – TCA)
0004
Methylene Chloride
0004
Methyl Ethyl Ketone (2-Butanone)
0.8
Methyl Isobutyl Ketone
1.0
Methyl Mercaptan
0.5
Methyl Methacrylate
1.4
Methyl tert-Butyl Ether (MTBE)
0.8
Monomethylamine
1.3
n-Nonane
1.4
iso-Octane (2,2,4-Trimethylpentane)
1.2
n-Pentane
Polypropylene
Propane
n-Propanol
Propionaldehyde (Propanal)
10.4
0.8
0004
5.1
14.8
113
VOC Pro User Manual
n-Propyl Acetate
3.1
Propylene
1.2
Propylene Oxide
5.8
Styrene
0.4
Syltherm XLT
9.8
Tetrachloroethylene (Perchloroethylene)
0.5
Tetrahydrofuran
1.5
Therminol
Toluene
114
0004
0.5
1,1,1 – Trichloroethane
0004
Triethanolamine
ND3
Trichloroethylene (TCE)
0.5
Trimethylamine
0.9
1,2,4 – Trimethyl Benzene
2.3
1.3.5 – Trimethyl Benzene
1.7
Vinyl Acetate
1.2
Vinyl Bromide
0.4
Vinyl Chloride (Chloroethylene)
1.7
Vinylidene Chloride (1,1-DCE)
0.8
meta –Xylene
0.5
ortho –Xylene
0.5
para-Xylene
0.5
Appendices
Presets
Presets simplify Memory Slot programming, and provide standard response
factors and alarm levels for approximately 100 compounds. The name,
response factor and three alarm levels are all set from the preset.
You can change any of the values entered in the Memory Slots. Changes
made to the library information that has been loaded into a Preset will have
no effect on the original library entry.
NOTE: It does not matter which response factor is entered. The VOC Pro’s
response is not specific to any one compound. The displayed reading
represents the total concentration of all ionisable compounds in the sample.
Table 8. Library Entries
Compound
Acetaldehyde
Acetone
Acrolein (2-Propenal) 5
Allyl Chloride (3-Chloro-1-Propene) 5
Benzene
Bromoform (Tribromomethane) 5
1,3-Butadiene
n-Butanol
n-Butyl Acetate
n-Butyl Acrylate
n-Butyl Mercaptan (Butanethiol) 6
Carbon Disulfide
Chlorobenzene
Crotonaldehyde (2-Butenal)
Code
ACETAL
ACETONE
ACROLEIN
ALLCHLOR
BENZENE
BROMFORM
13BUTADI
nBUTANOL
nBUTACET
nBUTACRY
nBUTMERC
CS2
CHLOBENZ
CROTONAL
RF
10.5
1.2
4.0
3.9
0.5
2.0
0.7
3.4
2.3
1.8
0.6
1.3
0.4
1.2
115
VOC Pro User Manual
Cumene (Isopropylbenzene)
Cyclohexane
Cyclohexanone
1,2-Dichlorobenzene (ortho-)
cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene
trans-1,2-Dichloroethylene
N,N-Dimethylformamide (DMF)
1,4-Dioxane
Epichlorohydrin 5
Ethanol
Ethyl Acetate
Ethyl Acrylate
Ethylbenzene
Ethyl Cellosolve (2-Ethoxyethanol)
Ethyl Ether (Diethyl Ether)
Ethyl Mercaptan (Ethanethiol) 6
Ethylene 7
n-Heptane
n-Hexane
Hydrogen Sulfide
Isoamyl Acetate
Isobutyl Acetate
Isobutylene
(Calibration)
Isobutyraldehyde 6
Isopentane
Isoprene (2-Methyl-1,3-Butadiene) 8
Isopropanol
Isopropyl Acetate
Isopropyl Ether
Methyl Bromide (Bromomethane)
116
CUMENE
0.6
CYCHEXAN 1.3
CYCHEXON 0.9
12DCBENZ
0.5
cis12DCE
0.8
trn12DCE
0.4
N,N-DMF
0.8
DIOXANE
1.3
EPICLHYD
6.5
ETHANOL
8.8
ETHYACET 3.8
ETHYACRY 2.3
ETBENZEN
0.5
ETHCELLO
1.3
ETHETHER
1.2
ETHMERC
0.6
ETHYLENE 10.1
nHEPTANE
2.4
nHEXANE
4.7
H2S
3.3
IAMYACET 1.8
IBUTACET
2.6
ISOBUTYL
1.0
IBUTALDE
1.1
IPENTANE
8.2
ISOPRENE
0.6
IPA
4.4
IPACETAT
2.6
IPROPETH
0.8
MeBROM
1.6
Appendices
Methyl Ethyl Ketone
Methyl Isobutyl Ketone
Methyl Mercaptan (Methanethiol) 6
Methyl Methacrylate
Methyl tert-Butyl Ether (MTBE)
Monomethylamine
n-Nonane
iso-Octane (2,2,4-Trimethylpentane)
n-Pentane
n-Propanol
Propionaldehyde (Propanal) 5
n-Propyl Acetate
Propylene 7
Propylene Oxide
Styrene
Tetrachloroethylene (PCE)
Tetrahydrofuran
Toluene
Trichloroethylene
Trimethylamine
Vinyl Acetate
Vinyl Bromide
Vinyl Chloride (Chloroethylene)
Vinylidene Chloride (1,1-DCE)
meta-Xylene
ortho-Xylene
para-Xylene
MEK
0.8
MIBK
1.0
METHMERC 0.5
MeMeACRY 1.4
MTBE
0.8
MMeAMINE 1.3
nNONANE
1.4
IOCTANE
1.2
nPENTANE 10.4
nPA
5.1
PROPANAL 14.8
nPROACET
3.1
PROPYLEN
1.2
PROPOXID
5.8
STYRENE
0.4
PCE
0.5
THF
1.5
TOLUENE
0.5
TCE
0.5
TRMeAMIN 0.9
VINACET
1.2
VINBROM
0.4
VINCHLOR
1.7
1,1-DCE
0.8
mXYLENE
0.5
oXYLENE
0.5
pXYLENE
0.5
117
VOC Pro User Manual
NOTES:
1.
Peak alarm levels have been established as the
TLV-Ceiling concentration, or the TLV-STEL concentration in those
cases where no TLV-Ceiling value exists.
2.
In those cases where no STEL exists for a compound, the STEL value
has been established as equivalent to the TWA value.
3.
Compound is Not Detectable (ND) by the VOC Pro. Please contact
Casella CEL Applications Department for further details.
4.
Response factor for this compound using the 10.6 eV lamp is equal
to 0.00 because the 11.7 eV lamp is required to ionise and detect
this compound. Please contact Casella CEL Applications
Department for further details.
5.
In cases where recommended exposure limits are below the
detection limit for the compound in question, the estimated lower
limit of detection has been substituted for those values.
6.
The VOC Pro is not suitable for monitoring these compounds at
ACGIH recommended levels.
7.
A 1000-ppm TWA has been established for those compounds which
are “Simple Asphyxiants” and for which no exposure value exists.
8.
For those compounds, which lack established exposure levels, an
arbitrary value of 200 ppm has been established for the TWA, STEL
and PEAK alarms.
118
Appendices
References
1. Maslansky, Carol J. and Steven P. Maslansky. Air Monitoring
Instrumentation. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1993.
2. American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists.
Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical
Agents and Biological Exposure Indices (1994-1995). Reprinted
with permission.
NOTE: The TLV/BEI™ publication is revised annually.
3. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).
Recommendations for Occupational Safety and Health,
Compendium of Policy Documents and Statements, January
1992.
119
Index
Index
121
Index
AC
Adapter .........................5,29,75,80
Off Line Charger Operation ......70
AC Plug .......................................108
Accept Key ....................................51
Accessories
Computer .........................24,47,69
DC Power Cord .........................71
Off Line Charger .......................75
Standard..................................4,23
Accumulator
TWA..........................................43
Accuracy
VOC Pro ..................................105
Adapter
AC ..................................66,75, 82
CGA Fittings ........................24,62
Gas Bag ........................24, 64,108
Tubing for Regulator .................61
Alarm
Description .........................39,103
STEL .........................................39
TWA..........................................39
Appendix
Alternate AC Plug ...................108
Calibration Gas Supplier .........108
Contacting Casella...................107
Gas Bag ...................................108
Library Entries.........................115
Response Factors .....................110
Warranty..................................106
Applications
Casella ................................72,113
Averaging Interval
Technical Description......37,40,42
Backlight........................................50
Battery Charger
Alternate AC Plug ................... 108
Line Cord ........................... 29,108
Off Line Charger .......................75
Specifications .......................... 103
Battery Pack
Charging..........................27-29,81
Connector .......................27, 75-76
Cover.........................................27
Critically Low ...........................81
Disposal.....................................82
Handling....................................82
LED................................ 29, 40,76
Life ....................................... 30,50
Off Line Charger .......................70
Recycling ..................................80
Removing ............................ 27, 69
Replacing ............................ 27, 69
Specifications .......................... 103
Cadmium ................................ 82,101
Calibration
Gas Bags .....................64,108-109
Instructions...........................58-64
Support Equipment....................23
Calibration Gas ...................23, 58-60
Material Safety Data Sheet... 24,59
Regulator ........................24, 59-61
Specifications ....................... 23,24
Supplier ................................... 108
Carrying Case ................................24
CGA
590 for Calibration Gas ........ 24,60
Using with Regulator ................60
Check List
Field Accessories ......................66
Operational................................66
Clear Key.................................. 40,42
Clock ........................................ 48,51
Compound
Threshold Limit Values. 24, 54, 57
123
VOC Pro User Manual
Compressed Gases
Handling ....................................59
Computer
Communication .........................69
Condensation ............................85,87
Consumables..................................23
Contamination
Detector ...........................58,59,87
UV Lamp Window ....................83
Conventions
Manual.......................................15
Customer Service .........................107
Cylinder
Calibration Gas........................108
Contents.....................................58
Safety Practices ....................24,60
Data
Reviewed ...................................19
Data Bits ........................................70
Datalogger
Averaging Interval.....................46
Interval Mode ..................19,35,40
Memory ...........................42,54,55
Options .................................19,20
Technical Description................44
Date
Setting........................................51
DC
Off Line Charger Operation ......75
Power Cord..........................69, 75
Default Display ..............................35
Detection Limit ............................105
Detector
Cell .......................................49,83
Contamination ...........................87
Photoionisation ..........................21
Technical Description................21
Turning Off................................49
Dilution Probe
Specifications ..........................105
Dimensions ..................................103
Display
Default .......................................35
124
Resolution ............................ 31,35
Specifications .......................... 105
Status.........................................39
Exposure
to Excessive Heat ......................17
to Intense Sunlight.....................17
Field Kit.................................... 24,65
Field Operation ..............................24
Accessories Check List .............65
Filter
Sample Inlet ..............................87
Water.........................................87
Functions
Map ...........................................34
Set..............................................48
Gas Bag .........................................24
Adapter................................ 24, 64
Contamination ...........................64
Filling ................................ 64, 109
Preparation ........................ 64, 109
Valve ....................................... 109
Gases
Compressed Handling Procedures
..............................................59
Response Factors..................... 110
Harmonization Mark.................... 108
Hazardous Location....................4-12
Charging Battery Pack .... 12,27,75
Computer.............................. 24,69
DC Power Cord ...........................7
Replacing Inlet Filter.................87
Humidity
Operating Range...................... 104
Inlet
Connection ................................99
Filter Specifications................. 100
Flow Rate ................................ 100
Replacing Filter.........................85
Instrument Status ...........................38
Interval
Averaging..................................46
Intrinsic Safety...............................16
I/SC Notice..................................3
Index
Isobutylene.....................................21
Keypad
Fixed Keys.................................34
Key Names ...........................15,19
Soft Keys ...................................32
Specifications ..........................103
LED
Battery Pack ..................29, 40, 76
Off Line Charger .......................75
Library Entries ........................54,115
Maintenance
Battery. ......................................81
Inlet Filter ..................................87
UV Lamp...................................82
Map
VOCPro Functions ....................33
Set Functions .............................48
Material Safety Data Sheet
Calibration Gas....................24, 59
MAX
Mode..........................................43
Microprocessor ..............................58
Mode
Interval.......................................19
MAX..........................................43
Peak .....................................43, 44
STEL .........................................41
TWA....................................42, 43
Model VOC Pro
Function Map ............................33
Overview ...................................18
Response.....................54,105, 115
Specifications ..........................103
Warranty..................................106
MSDS ......................................24, 59
Off Line Charger............................70
ON/OFF Key......................27, 33, 34
Operating
Humidity Range.......................104
Instructions ................................31
Temperature Range .................104
Operation
11.7 eV UV Lamp .....................72
Check List .................................66
From Car Battery.......................71
O-Ring ...........................................88
Output
Audio....................................... 103
Serial ....................................... 103
Password........................................52
Peak
Mode ................................... 43, 44
Photoionisation
Detector.....................................21
Technical Description ...............21
Casella, CEL
Applications Department......... 106
Contacting ............................... 106
Service Department ...................89
Warranty.................................. 106
Precision ...................................... 105
Pump..............................................20
ON /OFF ...................................49
Range
Operating Humidity................. 104
Operating Temperature ........... 104
References ................................... 115
Regulator
Calibration Gas.....................60-63
CGA ..........................................24
Connecting ...........................58-60
Contamination ...........................58
Delivery Pressure ......................58
Regulator ...................................61
Reset VOC Pro ......................... 28,81
Response Time ............................ 105
Response Factor........................... 110
Safety
Glasses ......................................59
Intrinsic .....................................16
Practices ....................................16
Sensitivity ......................................20
Decreased ..................................87
Serial
Output...................................... 103
125
VOC Pro User Manual
Service
Contacting ...............................106
Set
Clock .........................................52
Functions ...................................48
Pump..........................................49
Short Term Exposure Limit .........See
STEL
Signal
From Span Gas ..........................58
From Zero Air............................58
Size ..............................................103
Soft Key .........................................33
Entering Text........................38,51
Names........................................15
Specifications...............................103
Calibration Gas............... 23,58-60
Computer ...................................24
Isobutylene Calibration Gas ......23
STEL
Alarm................................... 39-40
Calculations ......................... 42-43
Description ................................42
Mode..........................................42
Stop Bits.........................................70
Support Equipment ........................23
Temperature Range......................103
Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) ...24,
57, 58
Time
Entering .....................................38
126
Weighted Average......... See TWA
Troubleshooting.............................91
TWA
Alarm ........................................40
Calculations...............................43
Mode ................................... 42, 43
UV Lamp
11.7 eV ......................................72
Cleaning Window......................83
Replacing ..................................80
Technical Description ...............21
Valve
Gas Bag ................................... 108
Warnings........................................16
Warranty ...................................... 106
Water
Exposure To ..............................87
Filter ..........................................87
Weight ...........................................99
Wrist Strap.....................................28
VOCPro
Approved Models......................16
Function Map ............................48
Intrinsic Safety ............................3
Overview ...................................18
Response ....................... 21,54,110
Specifications .......................... 103
Warranty.................................. 106
Zero Air .........................................59
Regulator ...................................23
Specifications ............................23
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