BXP User Manual - Galileo Equipments
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THERMO HYBAID
Px2 Thermal Cycler
USER INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Head Office
Thermo Hybaid
Action Court
Ashford Road
Ashford
Middlesex TW15 1XB
Telephone: +44 (0) 1784 425 000
Facsimile: +44 (0) 1784 248 085
Internet: www.thermohybaid.com
STOCK CODE:
HB-PX2-MAN
FS31999
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Px2 THERMAL CYCLER
PCR License Registration
Authorised Thermal Cycler
This instrument, Serial No. ................................................ is an Authorised Thermal Cycler. Its
purchase price includes the up-front fee component of a license under United States Patent Nos.
4,683,195, 4,683,202 and 4,965,188, owned by Roche Molecular Systems, Inc., and under
corresponding claims in patents outside the United States, owned by F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd,
covering the Polymerase Chain Reaction (“PCR”) process, to practise the PCR process for internal
research and development using this instrument. The running royalty component of that license may
be purchased from Applied Biosystems or obtained by purchasing Authorized Reagents. This
instrument is also an Authorized Thermal Cycler for use with applications licenses available from
Applied Biosystems. Its use with Authorized Reagents also provides a limited PCR license in
accordance with the label rights accompanying such reagents. Purchase of this product does not
itself convey to the purchaser a complete license or right to perform the PCR process. Further
information on purchasing licenses to practice the PCR process may be obtained by contacting the
Director of Licensing at Applied Biosystems, 850 Lincoln Centre Drive, Foster City, California
94404, USA.
No rights are conveyed expressly, by implication or estoppel to any patents on real-time methods,
including but not limited to 5' nuclease assays, or to any patent claiming a reagent or kit.
Applied Biosystems does not guarantee the performance of this instrument.
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Chassis
Heated Lid Height Selector
Heated Lid
Large LCD Screen
Key Pad
Main Body
Stabilising Feet
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Px2 THERMAL CYCLER
Warranty
Thermo Hybaid guarantees that the Px2 Thermal Cycler you have received has been thoroughly
tested and meets its published specification.
This warranty is valid for 24 months only if the product and functions have been used according to
the instruction manual. No liability is accepted for loss or damage arising from the incorrect use of the
Px2 Temperature Cycling system. Thermo Hybaid's liability is limited to the repair or replacement of
the unit or refund of the purchase price at Thermo Hybaid's option. Thermo Hybaid is not liable for
any consequential damages.
The tube thermistor assembly supplied with your Px2 unit is guaranteed for 90 days.
Thermo Hybaid reserves the right to alter the specification of the Px2 without prior notice. This will
enable us to implement developments as soon as they arise.
The Thermo Hybaid Px2 is for research use only.
Read the Instruction Manual carefully before using the Px2 to ensure that you obtain the
best possible results from the machine.
NB: The Px2 should only be used by suitably qualified and trained people. If the Px2 is
not used as specified in this Manual, the protection provided by the equipment may
be impaired.
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Px2 THERMAL CYCLER
Contents
PCR LICENSE REGISTRATION.........................................................................................iii
Px2 DIAGRAM ...................................................................................................................... iv
WARRANTY........................................................................................................................... v
CHAPTER 1:
CHAPTER 2:
CHAPTER 3:
INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................1
1.1
Overview............................................................................................1
1.2
1.3
Px2 System.........................................................................................1
The 0.2ml Standard and Gradient Block Module ...................................1
The 0.5ml Standard and Gradient Block Module ...................................1
The Flat Block Module .........................................................................1
The 384 Well Block Module ................................................................2
Temperature Control Methods ..............................................................2
Heating and Cooling..............................................................................2
Programming and Operation..................................................................3
Pre-set Programs..................................................................................3
Advanced Edit – Temperature Ramping ................................................3
Advanced Edit – Time/Temperature Increment ......................................3
Advanced Edit – Gradient (optional) .....................................................4
Calibration of your Px2 .........................................................................4
The Heated Lid ..................................................................................4
1.4
Operating the Lid..................................................................................4
Input / Output Sockets .......................................................................6
1.5
Support Services ................................................................................6
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS..........................................................................7
2.1
General Safety Precautions ...............................................................7
2.2
Symbols and Conventions ..................................................................8
UNPACKING & INSTALLATION ...........................................................9
3.1
Unpacking...........................................................................................9
3.2
Packing List........................................................................................9
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3.3
Installation........................................................................................10
Choosing a Location...........................................................................10
Block Installation and Removal............................................................10
Thermistor Positioning.........................................................................11
Use in Cold Rooms.............................................................................11
CHAPTER 4:
CHAPTER 5:
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS .............................................................13
4.1
Initial Start Up..................................................................................13
4.2
Main Menu ......................................................................................13
4.3
Operating Keys ................................................................................14
4.4
Set Up Functions ..............................................................................14
4.5
Clock .................................................................................................14
Power Failure Resume ........................................................................15
Gradient Calculation........................................................................15
4.6
Running a Program..........................................................................16
4.7
Manual Operation............................................................................16
4.8
Programming Function.....................................................................17
4.9
Loading Samples and Heated Lid Operation .................................18
PROGRAMMING THE Px2 ..................................................................19
5.1
Introduction......................................................................................19
5.2
Directories........................................................................................19
5.3
Creating a New Directory...................................................................19
Editing a Directory Name....................................................................20
Erasing an Existing Directory...............................................................20
Programs ..........................................................................................21
5.4
Creating a New Program ....................................................................21
Editing an Existing Program.................................................................22
Viewing an Existing Program...............................................................24
Copying Programs ..............................................................................24
Erasing an Existing Program................................................................25
Advanced Edit Features ..................................................................25
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5.5
CHAPTER 6:
CHAPTER 7:
Time Advanced Worked Example.......................................................26
Temperature Advanced Worked Example...........................................27
Changing Ramp Rates.........................................................................28
Gradient Feature..............................................................................28
Gradient Programming Worked Example.............................................28
Invalid Gradient Parameters ................................................................29
Gradient Calculator Function...............................................................29
RUNNING A PROGRAM ON THE Px2................................................31
6.1
The Run Option................................................................................31
6.2
Running a Program on the Px2 – Short Instructions ......................31
6.3
Run Screens .....................................................................................32
6.4
Text Screen........................................................................................32
Power Failure Screen..........................................................................33
End of Run Screen..............................................................................33
Error Screen.......................................................................................33
Temperature Control Options .........................................................33
6.5
Active Tube Control (ACTIVE TUBE)...............................................33
Extension Lead for Tube Thermistor....................................................34
Simulated Tube Control (SIM TUBE).................................................35
Simulated Plate Control (SIM PLATE) ...............................................35
Simulated Slide Control (SIM SLIDE) ................................................36
Block Control.....................................................................................37
Heated Lid Preheat..........................................................................37
6.6
Heated Lid - Automatic Start..............................................................37
Heated Lid - Manual Start ..................................................................37
No Heated Lid ...................................................................................38
Hold and Pause Function.................................................................38
6.7
Aborting Programs ...........................................................................38
6.8
Program Completion........................................................................39
TROUBLESHOOTING............................................................................41
7.1
Programs Using ACTIVE Tube Control.........................................41
Check the Volume in the Tube Thermistor...........................................41
Check the Location of Thermistor within the Control Tube...................41
Check the Fit of the Tube in the Block.................................................41
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Check Through Program.....................................................................41
7.2
Programs Using SIM Temperature Control...................................42
Simulated Tube...................................................................................42
Simulated Plate...................................................................................42
Simulated Slide...................................................................................42
Power Failure during a Run.................................................................42
7.3
Transfer of Protocols from a Block Control Machine
to a Tube Control Machine Using the Thermistor
Lead Extension.................................................................................43
7.4
Optimisation of Protocols.................................................................44
Denaturation.......................................................................................44
Annealing............................................................................................44
Extension............................................................................................45
CHAPTER 8:
MAINTENANCE......................................................................................47
8.1
General Cleaning .............................................................................47
8.2
Decontamination..............................................................................47
8.3
Protection to the User......................................................................48
8.4
Protection of the Instrument............................................................48
Fuses..................................................................................................48
8.5
Tube Thermistor Care .....................................................................48
CHAPTER 9:
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS &
ORDERING INFORMATION ...............................................................51
APPENDIX I:
RECOMMENDED CONSUMABLES ...................................................57
APPENDIX II: SEALING SYSTEMS: THE OMNISEAL TD MAT & TD TAPE........59
APPENDIX III: IN SITU BLOCK APPLICATION NOTES ............................................63
APPENDIX IV: GLOSSARY OF TERMS.........................................................................65
APPENDIX V: PRE-SET PROGRAMS ON THE Px2 ....................................................69
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CHAPTER 1
Px2 THERMAL CYCLER
Introduction
1.1 Overview
Px2 is the essence of fast, accurate licensed thermal cycling. Px2 features high capacity, high speed
and sub-ambient blocks to perform oil-free thermal cycling with excellent dynamic uniformity and
precision control of sample temperature.
1.2 Px2 System
The Px2 System comprises a Control Chassis and an Interchangeable Block Module. Each control
chassis can operate one block module which can be changed according to the needs of the sample
format. There are six types of block module:
The 0.2ml Standard and Gradient Block Module
This block can hold any of the following:
• 1 x OmniUtra 96 well skirted polycarbonate plate
• 1 x OmniFast 96 well skirted polypropylene plate
• 1 x OmniTube 96 single piece polypropylene plate
• 96 x 0.2ml OmniStrip tubes
• 96 x 0.2ml individual OmniTubes
The 0.5ml Standard and Gradient Block Module
This block can hold the following:
• 48 standard 0.5ml individual OmniTubes
The Flat Block Module
This block accommodates up to four standard microscope slides.
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The 384 Well Block Module
This block accommodates 1 x OmniFast 384 well skirted polypropylene plate.
Temperature Control Methods
The temperature cycling blocks for the system are specially coated precision-machined aluminium.
This ensures excellent contact between the tubes and the block, enabling rapid and accurate heat
transfer from the block to the samples.
1. Active Tube Control
Accurate sample temperature control in 0.2ml and 0.5ml block types is achieved by Thermo Hybaid's
Active Tube Control software. A tube thermistor probe monitors the temperature within a dummy
sample tube and this information is fed back to precisely control the block temperature to achieve the
optimum cycling profile.
2. Simulated Tube/Plate Control
Alternatively, Simulated Tube Control or Simulated Plate Control may be used for reactions
when it is not appropriate to use the tube thermistor probe, for example in very small (<20µl)
reactions or reactions in 96 Well or 384 Well OmniPlates or racked OmniTubes. The temperature
control algorithm is similar to active tube control, but is based on calculated values for the sample
temperature rather than values fed back by the tube thermistor.
3. Simulated Slide Control
For the in situ module Simulated Slide Control should be selected. This operates on a similar
principle to Simulated Tube Control, but in this case the algorithm is based on achieving the set
temperatures at the top surface of a standard glass microscope slide (1mm thick).
Heating and Cooling
The Px2 sub-ambient blocks are built to proven designs, providing an accurate and reliable thermal
cycling system.
The sub-ambient aluminium block is heated and cooled by the latest in Peltier technology. With
proven durability, the block modules excel in performing applications such as RAPDs and Differential
Display, which require cycling temperatures close to ambient. The block modules will control the
temperature of the samples from 20°C to 99°C for cycling reactions in all reaction formats. In
addition, static incubation steps may be performed as low as 4°C.
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Programming and Operation
The combination of new keypad design and large screen display ensure user friendly programming and
operation. During programmed operation the display screens provide comprehensive information
relating to your protocol including sample temperature, number of cycles completed, estimated time
for completion, etc.
The Px2 can thus be programmed to perform all types of temperature controlled reactions, from
simple one step incubations, to complex multi-step temperature cycling protocols and temperature
gradient experiments*. Three additional temperature control software options are available to the user
in the Advanced Edit Menu: Temperature Ramping, Time Increment and Temperature Increment.
The unit has program space for up to 99 full cycling protocols including the pre-set protocols.
* With the gradient interchangeable block option.
Pre-set Programs
The Px2 is supplied with ten (non-editable) pre-set protocols, stored as programs 90-99 in the
F:THERMO directory, enabling users to run experiments immediately. These pre-set protocols cover
the most common thermal cycling techniques, and can be used to create customised protocols by
editing (see Appendix V).
Advanced Edit - Temperature Ramping
The temperature ramping (Ramp Rate) enables the rate of change of sample temperature (°C/second)
to be artificially slowed down.
Under normal circumstances the temperature cycling times are very rapid, which minimises nonspecific reactions. The rate of sample temperature change during temperature cycling is controlled so
that it is as fast as possible without affecting the block uniformity and accuracy. In some instances, it
may be advantageous to limit the rate of change of temperature, e.g. to allow limited extension of short
or degenerate primers between primer annealing and DNA synthesis steps to stabilise the
primer/template duplex.
Advanced Edit - Time/Temperature Increment
These features enable the time interval and/or the temperature of a specified programmed step to be
increased or decreased with successive temperature cycles. It may be advantageous to increment the
extension time interval to compensate for deterioration of enzyme activity in later cycles. Alternatively,
temperature decrements can be used, e.g. in Px2 cycling reactions where the annealing temperature is
decreased with successive cycles.
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Advanced Edit – Gradient (optional)
For rapid optimisation of primer annealing parameters the Px2 gradient feature should be used. A
maximum temperature gradient of 15°C can be programmed across the 96 well block.
Calibration of your Px2
Every machine is calibrated using miniature thermistor probes located in tubes or attached to
microscope slides. These are placed at several block positions simultaneously, ensuring the required
temperatures and incubation times achieved are identical in all samples.
1.3 The Heated Lid
The heated lid enables the running of temperature cycling protocols without the need for paraffin or
mineral oil overlays. Such vapour barriers are normally required to prevent evaporation before thermal
cycling is complete. This system is designed to be compatible with most reaction sample formats, i.e.
0.5ml, 0.3ml, 0.2ml tubes and 96/384 well plates. In most cases, the experimental protocol is largely
unchanged when switching to an oil-free format.
The heated lid operates by positioning a heated plate in contact with the top of the reaction tubes or
wells. This heated plate then heats the air temperature at the top of each reaction mixture to a
temperature that is permanently higher than the sample temperature. This elevated air temperature,
relative to the sample temperature, minimises evaporation so reducing condensation of the reaction
mixture as it is repeatedly heated and cooled. Condensation on the walls of the reaction vessels below
the level of the block is a feature of block based thermal cyclers. The level of this condensation is very
small and will not affect the reaction in most cases. In very small volume reactions it may however be
necessary to use an oil overlay.
Operating the Lid
Opening the Lid
The lid is opened by turning the knob so that the 'open lid' icon is aligned to the front of the unit (see
Figure 1.1). This releases the catches to raise the lid and expose the block recess.
Closing the Lid
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To close, gently lower the lid. At this point a ‘click’ should be heard as the catches are engaged. This
action lowers the heated lid onto the samples and closes the block, ensuring a tight contact.
The pressure; exerted by the lid can be adjusted for tubes or plates by rotating the knob so that the
relevant icon is aligned to the front of the unit (see Figure 1.1). It is defaulted to the tube pressure, for
the plate pressure turn the knob clockwise until the plate icon is aligned with the front of the unit.
Careful consideration should be taken in selecting which setting should be used. When using a 0.2ml
block, any consumable (including compression pad) whose height exceeds 10mm above the rim of the
block should be used on tube setting whether it is a plate or not. With a 0.5ml blocks, any
consumable (including compression pad) whose height exceeds 5mm above the rim of the block
should be used on tube setting whether it is a plate or not. Please note that the tube thermistor
must be removed before selecting the plate mode.
Figure 1.1:
Open Lid Icon
Tube Icon
Plate Icon
The temperature of the heating plate is set at 120°C (max. surface temperature) with power control
effected by the control chassis.
The heated plate inside the lid is switched on and off from within the program. The lid operates once a
program is activated, with a heating time of typically 2-3 minutes before cycling commences. During
this heating time, the block is automatically cooled to 4°C to maintain sample integrity. The block can
be operated with or without the lid being switched on (the lid is automatically deactivated in units fitted
with flat block modules).
WARNING: Both the tops of reaction vessels and the surfaces of the heated lid
assembly (in particular the inner surfaces), can become very hot during normal
operation. Touching the surfaces can cause burns. Do not touch the heated plate
without safety gloves.
1.4 Input / Output Sockets
•
The Px2 has a power input socket located on the back of the unit
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•
Communications to the unit may be facilitated by the RS232 / 485 Comm Port via 9 way D-Type
connector. The communication protocol may be selected using the slide switch adjacent to the
connector (located on the base of the unit). The position closet to the front of the unit
corresponds to the RS232, whilst the position closest to the back of the unit corresponds to
RS485.
1.5 Support Services
The Px2 has been designed for reliability and for ease of maintenance. Thermo Hybaid continues to
offer full service and technical support for all its products.
Thermo Hybaid Head Office:
Tel: +44 (0) 1784 425 000
Fax: +44 (0) 1784 248 085
Email: [email protected]
Alternatively, appropriate contact details for your local Thermo Hybaid subsidiary or authorised
distributor are provided on our website: www.thermohybaid.com
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CHAPTER 2
Px2 THERMAL CYCLER
Safety Precautions
2.1 General Safety Precautions
1. The Px2 should only be used by suitably qualified and trained personnel. The unit should only be
used for its intended purpose in accordance with the instructions and safety warnings contained
within this manual.
2. Before use, ensure that the unit has been set to the appropriate mains voltage.
3. The Px2 is a class 1 appliance. To minimise the risk of electric shock, the unit must be connected
to a protective earth via the supplied mains cord.
4. Replacement fuses must be of the correct rated current, voltage and type.
5. Do not operate the unit in an explosive environment.
6. Do not operate the unit if it appears to be damaged or if a liquid or foreign object has entered the
enclosure. Disconnect from the mains supply and contact an authorised service centre.
7. Do not attempt to dismantle the unit. To avoid the risk of personal injury and to ensure that the
safety features of this unit are maintained, servicing should only be carried out by authorised
service personnel.
8. The tops of the reaction vessels and the surfaces of the heated lid assembly (in particular the inner
surfaces) can become very hot during normal operation. Touching the surfaces can cause burns.
Do not touch the heated plate without safety gloves.
9. When positioning the unit ensure that there is no restriction to the power inlet. Special care should
be taken not to obstruct the vent underneath the unit, for example loose Benchcote or sheets of
paper.
10. When installing/removing the interchangeable block
• Ensure that the power to the instrument is turned off.
• The Block Heat Sink may be hot after use. Use gloves when changing blocks if the unit
has been used recently.
11. This product is fitted with RFI suppression circuitry. Testing of the electrical insulation should only
be carried out using a DC voltage. For more information please contact Thermo Hybaid.
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2.2 Symbols & Conventions
The Px2 has been designed for safe operation. The following symbols appear on the unit and their
meanings should be noted.
I
Indicates the ON position of the main power switch.
O
Indicates the OFF position of the main power switch.
Consult the manual for further information.
Consulter les documents d’accompagnement.
WARNING: Indicates a heating hazard. Proceed with caution to avoid burn injury.
ATTENTION: Surface chaude.
SAFETY NOTE: This symbol indicates high voltage. Risk of electric shock.
AVERTISSEMENT: Risqué de choc éléctrique.
In addition, the following conventions are adopted in the manual in respect of indicating safety hazard:
SAFETY NOTE: indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which could result in
death or serious injury.
WARNING: indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which could result in minor
or moderate injury to the user or damage to the instrument.
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CHAPTER 3
Px2 THERMAL CYCLER
Unpacking & Installation
3.1 Unpacking
Before unpacking the Px2, please make sure that the outer packaging is undamaged.
After unpacking, ensure all packaging and fixtures are retained. Should there ever be a requirement to
move the unit, it should always be transported in the original packing to avoid damage. Thermo
Hybaid cannot accept responsibility for any damage incurred if the unit is incorrectly packed and
transported.
N.B. If the unit is transported or stored in conditions of high humidity it must be allowed to
stabilise at normal ambient temperature before powering up the unit.
3.2 Packing List
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Px2 Control Chassis
Px2 Block Module (optional)
User Instruction Manual
Mains Lead
Control Thermistor Probe (0.2ml and 0.5ml gradient and standard block modules)
Control Thermistor Probe Extension Lead (0.2ml and 0.5ml gradient and standard block
modules)
Specific Consumable Pack
RS232 Lead
NB: The In Situ Flat Block Module includes a humidity chamber.
If any item is missing or damaged, contact the UK Service Department, or your local Thermo Hybaid
office/authorised distributor.
Ensure any padding between the plate inside the heated lid and the block is removed before using the
instrument.
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3.3 Installation
Choosing a Location
1.
Where possible, avoid connecting the Control Chassis to a mains supply subject to mains
voltage fluctuations, e.g. a socket shared by an ultracentrifuge or refrigerator.
2.
In Px2 systems, excess heat is removed from the system by a fan. The air intake for the fan is
located underneath the unit and air is expelled out of the back of the unit. To ensure correct
airflow around the unit, allow at least 8cm clearance between the sides of each module and
15cm of clearance at the back of the unit. Special care should be taken not to obstruct the
vent underneath the unit with, for example, loose Benchcote or sheets of paper. The
unit must not be covered during operation.
3.
All Px2 instruments should be placed on a stable and level surface, out of direct sunlight and
away from strong currents of hot or cold air. The heated lid should always be closed during
temperature cycling, even if the lid is not switched on.
4.
The Px2 is intended for indoor use at an ambient temperature of 4-34°C in conditions of up to
80% humidity. These specifications have been calculated for operations at between 0 and
2000m altitudes.
Block Installation and Removal
1.
Remove the Px2 Control Chassis and Block Module from the packaging and place on the
bench; do not connect to the mains supply immediately.
2.
Open the lid (by turning the knob anticlockwise to the open lid icon) to expose the block
recess.
3.
Supporting the block from the blue plastic moulding and the ring pull, position the back of the
block on the two lugs on the chassis.
4.
Lower the block, via the pull ring into the recess (see fig 3.1). Placing your thumb on the ring
pull (just beneath the hole) firmly push downwards until you hear the block click into place.
5.
Do not force the block if this does not happen: remove the block and check for obstructions in
the block recess. The following error screens will appear if the block has not been installed
properly or you attempt to run a program without a block in place:
SELF CHECK FAILED
BLOCK NOT PRESENT
or
SELF CHECK FAILED
BLOCK ID ERROR
Removal is the reverse procedure.
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Figure 3.1 Installing the Block Module
Thermistor Positioning
The control thermistor probe (when required) should be inserted into socket A2 to the left of the
block towards the rear of the instrument (see fig 3.2).
Ensure that the tube contains the same volume of mineral oil as the sample reaction volume, and that
the probe is immersed in the oil and not touching the wall of the reaction vessel.
Figure 3.2 Well Numbering Showing Tube Thermistor Positioning in A2
A
H
1
12
Use in Cold Rooms
The Px2 may be used in a cold room (down to 4°C). However, when removed to room temperature
the instrument should be allowed to equilibrate for at least two hours before being switched on. If
equilibration is not done, condensation may form within the unit and cause a short circuit.
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CHAPTER 4
Px2 THERMAL CYCLER
Operating Instructions
4.1 Initial Start Up
(a)
Switch on the Px2 using the power switch at the rear of the unit. When first switched on the unit
will complete a start up and self test routine.
(b)
After 5 seconds a screen will display “Self-check procedure in progress”.
The self-test routine checks the block thermistor, heating and cooling circuits and the heated lid. This
takes approximately 30 seconds. (As the block will become hot during the self-test procedure, please
keep the lid closed.)
4.2 Main Menu
After successful start up, the first menu to be displayed is the ‘Main’ Menu. It is possible to return
to this menu at any time by pressing ‘MENU’. The Main Menu displays the date, time and the
status of the block (active, inactive, or active resumed).
All aspects of the programming are accessed through the Main Menu.
Table 4.1 Summary of Main Menu Functions
RUN
Select RUN to run an existing program.
MAN
Select MAN to run a manual static incubation.
PROG
Select PROG to edit, copy, view or erase a program.
OPTS
Select SET UP to alter the time, date, and power resume function and display contrast
settings and to identify software version fitted.
Select CALC to access the gradient calculator software (only relevant to gradient
protocols).
Selection of the alternative ‘Main’ Menu functions is achieved by depressing the soft key directly
beneath the relevant display. These functions are discussed fully in the following chapters.
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4.3 Operating Keys
The Px2 software is designed to be intuitive; the following table gives a summary of the primary
functions of each of the operating keys.
Table 4.2 Function Keys
KEY
FUNCTION
ENTER KEY
-
Selecting Menu and program choices.
MENU KEY
-
Always moves to the Main Menu – (can be utilised as an “escape” key).
ALPHANUMERIC
-
Used for entering parameters
KEYS
-
Used for selecting programs
-
Alphanumeric naming of programs/directories
-
These keys alter function depending on the screen and the state of
SOFTKEYS
the block e.g. active or inactive
-
Start/Stop programs
-
Navigate around the screen
-
Navigate between screens
-
Used to toggle between options
4.4 Set Up Functions
Selecting OPTS at the Main Menu by pressing the relevant soft key gives access to the SETUP
menu.
Within the SETUP screen, information about the type of block fitted, the current software version
installed, the time and the date are displayed.
A flashing cursor beneath CLOCK now indicates that this application will be selected when ENTER
is pressed. The LEFT or RIGHT arrow keys can be used to alter the selection and a BACK button
is available to return to the previous screen
Clock
The time and date format of the clock display can be modified. To set the clock or alter the format,
select the SETUP screen followed by CLOCK
The American (MM/DD/YY) or European (DD/MM/YY) format can be selected using the
TOGGLE softkey.
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Press ENTER or use the PREVIOUS and NEXT softkeys to move to the time/date setting fields.
Use the number keys to enter time (hrs & mins) and day/month/year information. Press BACK to the
previous screen or ENTER to confirm changes and return to the Main Menu.
Power Failure Resume
If there is a power interruption during a run, the Px2 will switch back on automatically. The unit can
be set to resume a program (at the cycle and setpoint where the interruption occurred) or to abandon
the program.
Select POWER from the SETUP menu and press ENTER. The ABANDON or RESUME
options can be selected using the TOGGLE softkey.
Press the CONTINUE softkey to return to the Main Menu.
The instrument will record the duration of the interruption and the step, stage and cycle number at
which it occurred.
(Note that if there have been several breaks in the power supply, only the most recent
interruption is recorded.)
4.5 Gradient Calculation
Once you have run your samples on an agarose gel, the annealing temperature that corresponds to
your optimum gel result can be determined using the Gradient Calculator function.
•
To access the Gradient Calculator select OPTS from the MAIN MENU.
•
Using the left and right navigation keys, move the cursor to CALC and press ENTER.
•
The block type you are using will automatically be displayed. Enter the minimum annealing
temperature and gradient range used in your optimisation experiment, using the alphanumeric
keypad.
•
The well temperatures are displayed in sequence in a bar chart formation from column 1 to 12
with the calculated temperature for each column displayed to the left of the bar.
•
Press BACK to return to the Gradient Calculator screen to enter new parameters or alternatively
press MENU to return to the Main Menu screen.
The Gradient Calculator may be accessed at any time, even when the block is active. MENU should
be pressed to return to the Main Menu and the steps described above should be followed.
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4.6 Running a Program
Design of the Px2 software ensures that running a pre-stored protocol is easy.
•
At the Main Menu, select RUN by depressing the relevant softkey.
•
Select the source directory (e.g. F: THERMO) using the directional UP and DOWN softkeys and
press ENTER. Select the program number to be run using the number pad, or scroll through the
programs using the PREVIOUS and NEXT softkeys and press ENTER at the appropriate
choice. (Please note the UP and DOWN keys may be used to advance or return to a parameter
if necessary).
•
Once the relevant protocol is selected the settings for heated lid operation, holdstep, loading and
end run settings can be defined. The PREVIOUS and NEXT keys should be used to scroll
between the various possibilities, whilst the ENTER key can be used to select the relevant option.
•
Lastly, the temperature control method is selected by using the PREVIOUS and NEXT keys to
change to the appropriate method. A BACK button can be used to return to the previous screen
if necessary.
•
Pressing ENTER will now start the program.
Prior to starting the program, pressing the MENU key at any stage will return to the Main Menu.
More details can be found in Chapter 6.
4.7 Manual Operation
This option is used for static incubations when thermal cycling is not required, e.g. probe denaturations
and enzyme reactions. In this mode the unit will only operate under block control (see Chapter 6 for
details).
1.
Select MAN from the Main Menu by depressing the relevant softkey.
2.
Enter the name of the user or protocol if desired using the alphanumeric keys. Move to the
next/previous character using the LEFT and RIGHT arrow softkeys. Pressing ENTER moves
the cursor to the temperature selection (this occurs even if a user name has not been entered).
3.
Enter the temperature using the alphanumeric keys. Press ENTER to continue.
4.
Select the heated lid on (auto) or off using the LEFT and RIGHT softkeys.
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5.
Press ENTER to start the incubation. The screen displays the target temperature and actual
temperature of the block together with the elapsed time. The count-up timer will start when the
block reaches temperature.
NB: If the machine is started from ‘cold’, approximately two minutes will be required before
the heated lid is at operating temperature (based on 20°C ambient and 230V supply.
This may vary under different power conditions). Condensation may be experienced if
samples are loaded before the lid is at operating tempe rature.
6.
Press the STOP softkey followed by ABORT to cancel the program.
7.
Press the NEW TEMP softkey to change the set temperature, and then CONTINUE to
continue the program with a new temperature.
4.8 Programming Function
PCR protocols of varying degrees of complexity can easily be created using Px2. As with all
operations of the Px2, programming is accessed from the Main Menu.
Access the Program Menu by selecting PROG from the main menu. If at any time you wish to stop
programming, press MENU to return to the Main Menu. Four options are available for
programming. The LEFT or RIGHT arrow keys are used to move the cursor to the required menu
option. Press ENTER to then select that option:
1.
EDIT: To alter the details of an EXISTING program or to create a completely NEW
program or directory.
Note that if NEW is used, it will automatically move to the next available program
number.
2.
COPY: Use the screen prompts to copy between programs stored on the Px2.
3.
VIEW: To check the details of a previously stored program.
4.
ERASE: To erase the details of a program, setting the parameters to zero.
These are discussed in detail in Chapter 5.
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4.9 Loading Samples and Heated Lid Operation
The Px2 will produce identical cycling profiles whether 1 or 96 samples are to be analysed.
The following guidelines maximise the uniformity and thermal transfer characteristics of the block thus
ensuring optimal sample to sample reproducibility:
• Load samples uniformly across the block rather than in clusters. Spreading the samples spreads
the thermal load and helps maintain uniformity.
• If small numbers of samples are to be run, use dummy tubes to ensure that there is at least one tube
in each quadrant of the block. This facilitates even contact between the heated lid and the tops of
the tubes, allowing good thermal transfer.
• Care should be taken when matching block, consumable, control mode and sample number (see
Appendix I for a full list of recommended consumables).
• Ensure tube caps are properly closed before loading the block.
The heated lid is simple to operate. In one action, the lid is closed and the heated plate lowered to its
correct height and pressure setting.
The pressure exerted by the lid can be adjusted for tubes or plates by rotating the knob so that the
relevant icon is aligned to the front of the unit (see Figure 4.1). It is defaulted to the tube pressure; for
the plate pressure turn the knob clockwise until the plate icon is aligned with the front of the unit.
Careful consideration should be taken in selecting which setting should be used. When using a 0.2ml
block, any consumable (including compression pad) whose height exceeds 10mm above the rim of the
block should be used on tube setting whether it is a plate or not. When using a 0.5ml block, any
consumable (including compression pad) whose height exceeds 5mm above the rim of the block
should be used on tube setting whether it is a plate or not. Please note that the tube thermistor
must be removed before selecting the plate mode.
Figure 4.1:
Open Lid Icon
Tube Icon
Plate Icon
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CHAPTER 5
Px2 THERMAL CYCLER
Programming the Px2
5.1 Introduction
The Px2 has been designed to make programming user friendly and easy. The memory will hold up to
99 complete thermal cycling protocols including 10 pre-programmed template programs (Nos. 90-99
detailed in Appendix V). Programs are identified by a number (01-99) and a user defined name (up
to 7 characters). Each program protocol type may be assigned to a directory, enabling you to group
programs by user name.
To enter a new program you simply
i)
ii)
iii)
iv)
Enter or create a new directory
Name a program
Enter protocol parameters
Save the program
5.2 Directories
There are five directories A-E which can be individually named. The sixth directory, F is reserved
for pre-set programs.
Directories can also be erased and renamed as required.
Once assigned to a directory, a program can be copied to another program space in either the
same or a different directory.
Creating a New Directory
1.
From the Main Menu select PROG using the appropriate softkey.
2.
With the cursor highlighting EDIT, press ENTER.
3.
Use the LEFT and RIGHT navigation key to highlight NEW with the cursor and press
ENTER.
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4.
Use the LEFT and RIGHT navigation key to highlight NEW DIR with the cursor and press
ENTER.
5.
Select the desired target directory (A-E) using the UP and DOWN softkeys and then ENTER.
6.
You are now able to name the directory using the alphanumeric keypad. Use the PREVIOUS
and NEXT softkeys to move to the position of the cursor where the character is to be added.
Press ENTER only when the name is complete. If no characters are entered, the directory
name will remain blank. The BACK button may be used to return to the previous screen if
necessary.
Editing a Directory Name
To change the name of an existing directory simply retype the new directory name over the old one.
1. Select PROG from the Main Menu using the appropriate softkey.
2. The cursor should be flashing below EDIT, select this option by pressing ENTER.
3. Use the RIGHT softkey to move the cursor to NEW and select by pressing ENTER.
4. Use the RIGHT softkey to move the cursor to NEW DIR and select by pressing ENTER.
5. Use the UP and DOWN cursor to select the directory you wish to rename and press ENTER.
6. Use the alphanumeric keypad to enter the new directory name. Use the PREVIOUS and NEXT
softkeys to move to the next or previous character space. Press ENTER to save the new name
and return to the main menu.
Erasing an Existing Directory
Programs or complete directories may be erased to vacate program space for future use.
1. Select PROG from the Main Menu and then use the RIGHT arrow keys to move the cursor to
COPY from the program menu. Press ENTER to select.
2. Use the LEFT and RIGHT softkeys to move the cursor to ERASE DIR and press ENTER to
select.
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3. Select the relevant directory by moving the cursor with the UP and DOWN softkeys and press
ENTER.
4. A final confirmation screen allows you either KEEP or ERASE the directory.
5.3 Programs
The programs in the Px2 are divided into ‘stages’ and ‘steps’ when displayed on the screen. In a
simple PCR program a stage typically includes three steps where each step refers to the
temperatures and times within the protocol. E.g. Step 1: 95°C for 30 seconds, Step 2: 55°C for
30 seconds, Step 3: 72°C for 30 seconds. In addition each stage can be repeated up to 99 cycles
and a ‘hold’ added to the end of the stage.
The Px2 allows you to program up to 10 separate stages, each with up to 10 separate steps.
This means that even the most complex thermal cycling protocol may be saved in a single program
space.
Advanced editing features (adjusting ramp speeds, setting a gradient of annealing temperatures,
changing time/temperature with successive cycles) can be accessed by pressing the ADVANCED
softkey at the relevant step (see section 5.4 for further details).
Creating a New Program
1. From the Main Menu select PROG using the appropriate softkey.
2. Move cursor to EDIT, then press ENTER to select.
3. Move the cursor to NEW, then press ENTER to select.
4. Move the cursor to NEW PROG, then press ENTER to select.
5. Move the cursor to desired target directory and press ENTER to select.
6. The instrument allocates a program number of the next available program space. You are now
able to enter the user or protocol name, using the alphanumeric keypad. Use the PREVIOUS
and NEXT softkeys to move to the position of the cursor where the character is to be added.
Press ENTER only when the name is complete. If no characters are entered, the default NO
NAME will be entered. The BACK button may be used to return to the previous screen if
necessary.
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Note: If there are no free program spaces the Px2 will prompt you to overwrite an
existing program.
7. Enter temperature (e.g. 95°C) and time (hr:min:sec), as required. Use the LEFT softkey to move
the cursor as desired or ENTER to advance to the next step. The UP softkey can be used to
scroll backward to correct a mistake. The program will not allow you to advance to step 2 until a
valid temperature and time have been entered.
Note: Pressing the ADVANCED softkey at any step throughout the programming
provides access to the advanced edit features. These facilitate the creation of more
complex protocols including touchdown or gradient methods (see section 5.4 for more
details).
8. Continue to enter the desired time and temperature STEPS of this STAGE. If no more STEPS
are required in the STAGE press ENTER (leaving each parameter at 0:0) until you access the
number of cycles screen.
9. Enter the number of times you would like to cycle through the STAGE using the alphanumeric
keys. A hold step can also be programmed after each stage so once the cycles have been
completed the Px2 will wait at the specified temperature until manually advanced. This is
particularly useful for ‘hot start’ protocols. If a hold step is not required, press ENTER to reach
the next stage.
10. Continue adding steps to the new stage as per stage 1.
11. When all the steps have been entered in the last stage entering values of 0:0 will again bring access
to the number of cycles required screen. Enter the number of cycles. Enter a hold temperature if
required. If a hold temperature is not entered the instrument will cool to room temperature once
the protocol is finished. When ENTER is pressed, a new STAGE and STEP is displayed. By
ENTERING values of 0:0 in the first step of a new stage the SAVE screen is accessed.
12. Press SAVE to save the program or DISCARD to abort the program. Pressing MENU at any
time aborts the programming.
Editing an Existing Program
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Existing programs can be altered or overwritten by using the EDIT function. Please note that changes
made are permanent and the original program is not retained. If the original program is still required,
the COPY function should first be used to save the program to a different program space (see Section
5.3.4) and then the copy should be edited.
The program name can be edited or deleted at this stage although it will be saved unchanged if the
enter key is pressed without amending the current entry.
Advanced editing features (adjusting ramp speeds, setting a gradient of annealing temperatures,
changing time/temperature with successive cycles) can be accessed by pressing the ADVANCED
softkey at the relevant step (see section 5.4).
It is possible to edit programs whilst the Px2 is running a different protocol.
1. To edit and overwrite existing programs select PROG from the Main Menu using the appropriate
softkey.
2. Select EDIT from the Program Menu by pressing ENTER.
3. Select EXISTING from the Program Editing Menu by pressing ENTER.
4. Use the UP and DOWN keys to move the cursor to the appropriate source directory and press
ENTER to select. The BACK button may be used to return to the previous screen if necessary.
5. The keypad numbers or PREVIOUS and NEXT softkeys can be used to select the number of
the program to be edited. Press ENTER to select the program.
6. Use the alphanumeric keypad in combination with the PREVIOUS and NEXT softkeys to edit
the program name. Press ENTER to proceed or BACK to return to the previous screen.
7. Use ENTER to advance through the fields and the LEFT softkey to move across the menu. Time
and temperature parameters can be altered using the numerical keys as required. The UP softkey
can be used to move the cursor back to previous screens.
Note: To increase the number of steps in a stage, simply input values into the zero
time/temperature fields at the end of a stage. To decrease the number of steps in a stage
just input the new data over existing time/temperature values.
8. To complete editing stage 1, press ENTER with each parameter set at zero.
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9. Enter any changed cycle number or hold temperature values. Press ENTER to proceed to the
next stage.
10. Edit steps in further stages as required. Once changes are completed the SAVE button can be
pressed to access the save screen.
11. Press the SAVE softkey to save changes or IGNORE to keep the original program. Pressing
MENU at anytime aborts the editing.
Viewing an Existing Program
It is possible to view existing programs without altering the information contained within them.
1.
Select PROG from the Main Menu and then use the RIGHT arrow keys to move the cursor to
VIEW from the program menu. Press ENTER to select.
2.
Use the UP and DOWN softkeys to select the appropriate directory and then press ENTER.
3.
Use the PREVIOUS and NEXT softkeys to select the program and press ENTER.
4.
Use the NEXT softkey to scroll through the program information. Press QUIT or MENU at
any time to return to the Main Menu.
Copying Programs
Copying programs is necessary in, for example, modifying the pre-set programs described in
Appendix V.
1. Select PROG from the Main Menu and then use the RIGHT arrow keys to move the cursor to
COPY from the program menu. Press ENTER to select.
2. Move the cursor using the UP and DOWN softkeys to select the source directory and press
ENTER.
3. Choose the program to be copied by using the PREVIOUS and NEXT softkeys and press
ENTER to select.
4. Move the cursor using the UP and DOWN softkeys to select the target directory and press
ENTER.
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5. Scroll through the possible program locations using the PREVIOUS and NEXT softkeys and
press COPY. All empty file locations are marked as empty. It is possible to overwrite full program
locations. A confirmation screen checks whether you wish to overwrite the data; press COPY or
ABORT as desired.
Erasing an Existing Program
Programs or complete directories may be erased to vacate program space for future use.
1. Select PROG from the Main Menu and then use the RIGHT arrow key to move the cursor to
ERASE from the program menu. Press ENTER to select.
2. Again use the RIGHT arrow key to move the cursor to ERASE PROG and press ENTER to
select.
3. Select the directory containing the relevant program by moving the cursor with the UP and
DOWN softkeys and press ENTER.
4. Use the PREVIOUS and NEXT keys to choose the relevant program and press ERASE.
5. A final confirmation screen allows you either KEEP or ERASE the program.
5.4 Advanced Edit Features
The Advanced Edit features allow the creation of more complex cycling protocols in order to enhance
experimental data. It is possible to program:
• An incrementation or decrementation of both time and temperature on a cycle-by-cycle basis.
• The rate at which the temperature changes between two given temperatures.
• Gradient steps for gradient compatible blocks.
Advanced Edit features are accessed by pressing the ADVANCED softkey at the temperature step
at which the function is to take effect. If Advanced Edit data already exists for any step - <ADV> is
indicated on the screen.
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Enter and change Advanced Edit parameters using the number, arrow and ENTER keys. The
Advanced Edit feature can also be accessed from the normal EDIT program menu options if
Advanced Edit parameters are to be added to an existing program.
If desired, the Advanced Edit feature can be deleted for the current step. To do this, set all the
parameters back to zero. The <ADV> message will then not be shown in the temperature/time set up
screen, denoting that no Advanced Edit functions are operating.
Time Advanced Edit Worked Example
The user can specify the increment/decrement per cycle for each program stage.
Time increments can be used for example in high cycle number reactions to allow longer for
enzyme action with successive cycles.
Below is an example of a protocol where the extension step is fixed for the first 15 cycles of a 25cycle program and increased by 5 seconds/cycle for the next 10 cycles, to compensate for loss of
enzyme activity:
Stage 1:
Enter parameters to create:
95oC - 30s
55oC - 30s
x 14 Cycles
72oC - 30s
Stage 2:
Enter parameters to create:
95oC - 30s
55oC - 30s
x 11 Cycles
72oC - 30s + 5s/cycle
1. To enter the +5s/cycle, select PROG followed by EDIT.
2. In the EDIT mode (NEW or EXISTING) move Stage 2, Step 3 (relevant extension step) using
the navigation keys.
3. Press ADVANCED to access the Advanced Edit screen.
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4. Using the UP and DOWN softkeys, move the cursor through the fields until you reach the desired
parameter. Use the TOGGLE softkey to alternate between Increase (INC) and Decrease
(DEC) in set point time/cycle. Enter the amount by which the set point time per cycle should
change (min:sec) using the number keys. (E.g. an increase of 5 sec per cycle.)
Note: It is possible to alter both the RAMP speed and TEMP increment/decrement
parameters in this screen using the same keys. These altered parameters would also be
executed simultaneously during your experiment.
5. Use ENTER or BACK to get back to the Editing screen. <ADV> now appears on the screen
indicating an Advanced Edit function has been programmed.
Temperature Advanced Edit Worked Example
Temperature decrements can be used (for example in touchdown cycling reactions) where the
annealing temperature is decreased with successive cycles.
This example shows a protocol where the annealing step is fixed for the first 5 cycles of a 25 cycle
program and decreases by 1.0°C/cycle for the next 15 cycles, to reduce specificity and increase yield
as product accumulates (a “touchdown” protocol).
Stage 1:
Enter parameters to create:
95oC - 30s
65oC - 30s
x 4 Cycles
72oC - 30s
Stage 2:
Enter parameters to create:
95oC - 30s
65oC - 30s – 1.0°C/cycle
x 16 Cycles
72oC - 30s
Stage 3:
Enter parameters to create:
95oC - 30s
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50oC - 30s
x 5 Cycles
72oC - 30s
1. In the EDIT mode (NEW or EXISTING) move to the temperature step of interest (Stage 2, Step
2).
2. Press the ADVANCED softkey to access the Advanced Edit screen. Navigate through the
screen until you reach the TEMP field using the softkeys. Use TOGGLE to alternate between
Increase (INC) and Decrease (DEC) in set point temp/cycle. Enter the desired value by which
the set point temp per cycle should change (°C) using the number keys (minimum change is 0.1°C
per cycle).
3. Move back to the step screen using the ENTER or the BACK. <ADV> will now appear on
screen.
Changing Ramp Rates
Ramp rates can be altered in the Advanced Edit screen. The default ramp rate (0.00oC/sec) is “as fast
as possible”. The settable range is 0.01oC/sec to 9.99oC/sec, with the maximum practical setting
being 3.00oC/sec with current technologies.
The data entered refers to the ramp rate to the
CURRENT step from the PREVIOUS temperature set point.
For example, cycle sequencing of some targets requires the use of degenerate primers and a ramp rate
set at 1oC/second between the annealing temperature and extension temperature.
5.5 Gradient Feature
This feature is only available to those who have purchased a 0.2ml or 0.5ml gradient block for
temperature gradient cycling.
The gradient feature is designed to allow the rapid optimisation of annealing parameter (between 30 70°C) and can be accessed through the Advanced Edit function (see section 5.4). The minimum
temperature to be assessed is entered along with the gradient spread (maximum of 15°C). After a
gradient spread value has been entered in the GRAD section the number will be displayed on the
main programming screen. E.g. <G:15>.
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Gradient Programming Worked Example
1. In the EDIT mode (NEW or EXISTING) press ENTER to move to the relevant annealing
temperature step.
The annealing temperature entered in this step should be the lowest
temperature within the gradient. You must enter a time value as well in order to access the
gradient function in the Advanced Edit screen. Press ADVANCED to access the Advanced Edit
screen.
2. Enter your required gradient range from 1-15oC under GRAD.
3. The Program Edit screen will now display the gradient spread entered as <G:15>. If a time
increment/decrement has been activated then <ADV> will also be displayed on this screen.
Proceed though the programming as discussed in section 5.3.
Invalid Gradient Parameters
If the combination of the Set Annealing Temperature and Gradient results in the block operating
outside the temperature limits of 30 to 70oC, the Px2 alters the temperatures to remain within these
limits. E.g. SET TEMP = 60oC and GRAD = 15oC. The SET TEMP will be changed to 55°C.
If a temperature is entered that exceeds the 15oC gradient range then a ‘??’ error message will appear
beside the GRAD parameter. A gradient range from 1 – 15oC will need to be re-entered.
Gradient Calculator Function
Once you have run your samples on an agarose gel, the annealing temperature that corresponds to
your optimum gel result can be determined using the Gradient Calculator function.
1.
To access the Gradient Calculator select OPTS from the MAIN MENU.
2.
Move the cursor to CALC and press ENTER.
3.
The block type you are using will automatically be displayed. Enter the annealing temperature
and gradient range used in your optimisation experiment.
4.
The well temperatures are displayed in sequence in a bar chart formation from column 1 to 12
with the calculated temperature for each column displayed to the left of the bar.
5.
Press BACK to return to the Gradient Calculator screen to enter new parameters or alternatively
press MENU to return to the Main Menu screen.
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The Gradient Calculator may be accessed at any time, whether the block is active or inactive.
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CHAPTER 6
Px2 THERMAL CYCLER
Running a Program on the Px2
6.1 The Run Option
The RUN option in the Main Menu enables you to:
•
Run a previously stored program.
•
Choose the method of temperature control to be used with your protocol.
•
Choose whether to run your samples oil-free i.e. heated lid option.
Once a program is selected, the program name will be displayed and lid preheating (if selected) will
commence. It is possible to edit programs whilst the Px2 is running a different protocol (see Section
5.3).
If a program is selected and an inappropriate temperature control method is used (e.g. tube
control or simulated tube control for an in situ interchangeable block module; simulated
slide for an 02/05 module) then a warning message will appear and the program will be run
under the correct mode of control.
6.2 Running a Program on the Px2 – Short Instructions
Temperature control and heated lid functions are referred to in more detail in section 6.4.
1. Select RUN from the MAIN MENU.
2. Use the UP and Down softkeys to select the source directory and press ENTER.
3. Use the PREVIOUS and NEXT softkeys to select the program and press ENTER or the
DOWN softkey.
4. Select the heated lid operating method, whether the heated lid is on or off during the final hold
step, loading and end run settings, using the PREVIOUS and NEXT softkeys to scroll through
options and ENTER to confirm selection.
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5. Select the temperature control mode using the PREVIOUS and NEXT softkeys. Pressing
ENTER starts the run. BACK returns you to the previous screen if necessary.
6.3 Run Screens
When a program is running two different run screens can be displayed. The first screen is the text
screen, which contains all the information about the progress of the run together with the temperatures
achieved during the run. This allows the user to monitor the performance of the Px2 and to determine
the time of the end of the program. The second screen is the graphical display which shows the block
and tube / sim tube temperatures. The screens may be toggled between using the LEFT softkey
(TEXT / GRAPH).
These screens can be accessed from the Main Menu by pressing the RUN INFO softkey.
Text Screen
The current block performance screen displays the following:
• Program number and name.
• Status of the program.
• The temperature control mode being used.
• Target (programmed) temperature for a given step.
• The block and tube temperatures.
• Time remaining at current setpoint.
• The current stage and step of the running program.
• The total number of cycles completed and remaining.
• The maximum and minimum temperatures achieved during the run in the respective control mode.
• Time now.
• The calculated run end time (an estimated value which is updated throughout the run).
During a gradient step the run screen also displays the following:
•
Target temperature range of the set gradient.
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•
Temperature range achieved.
•
The actual sample temperature as defined by the tube thermistor in position A2 of the block (when
Active Tube Control has been selected for a run).
Power Failure Screen
This additional screen appears if the run has been interrupted by a power failure or power fluctuation
severe enough to affect the unit. It contains the following information: • The duration of the power failure.
• The stage in the run when the power failure occurred.
End of Run Screen
The Px2 displays a further screen at the end of the run, which provides the following:
• The program name and number.
• The total run time.
• The maximum and minimum temperatures recorded during the run.
• Power interrupt information if a power failure occurred.
Error Screens
A number of error screens may be displayed if a fault has been detected in the unit. Contact the
Thermo Hybaid Service Department or your local supplier for advice before attempting to use the
instrument further.
6.4 Temperature Control Options
Crucial to the accurate operation of a thermal cycler is an understanding of the temperature control
methodology.
Active Tube Control (ACTIVE TUBE)
Recommended for all reactions above 20µl volume in 0.5ml and 0.2ml tubes. This type of control
uses the remote thermistor probe mounted in an appropriate tube. A volume of mineral oil equivalent
to the total volume in the reaction tubes (including any oil overlay) must be present in the control tube.
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Note: Please do not use aqueous solutions in the control tube thermistor. We recommend
that mineral oil be used in the tube containing the thermistor because the software is tuned
to take into consideration the thermal conductivity of the mineral oil. In addition, PCR
buffer can often cause corrosion of the thermistor, thus reducing the life expectancy of the
probe.
The thermistor acts as a sample mimic, monitoring the sample temperatures as it changes during
cycling, feeding back this information to the Px2 processor. This feedback allows the unit to respond
to the sample temperature ensuring that the samples achieve the exact temperatures and times
programmed. To bring the sample to temperature rapidly, the block is heated/cooled beyond the set
temperature for the sample (Figure 6.1). When designing/transferring to a tube control program it is
essential to understand the difference between tube control and block control on a conventional
temperature cycling machine. With tube control, the actual samples are held at the programmed
temperature for the programmed time. With block control, either on the Px2 or a thermal cycler
without tube control, there will be a lag between the block reaching target temperature and the sample
reaching target temperature. Thus when transferring protocols from a block control machine the
incubation times may be reduced by up to 50%, and in some cases the temperatures adjusted slightly.
For Active Tube Control reactions, check that the tube thermistor is connected and located
in the block (the tube thermistor should be placed in position A2).
When you receive your unit, the thermistor is mounted in a HBTC3372 tube for 0.2ml blocks or a
HBTC3505 tube for 0.5ml blocks.
NB :
Do not disconnect a tube thermistor when a program utilising tube control is in progress. If this
does occur, the program will be abandoned and an error message will be displayed.
NB :
Tube thermistors from TouchDown, OmniGene and Omn-E instruments are not compatible
and CANNOT be used with Px2 thermal cyclers.
Extension Lead for the Tube Thermistor
The Px2 is provided with an extension lead for the thermistor. This should only be used for
transferring protocols from instruments that cannot use Active Tube Control. See Section 7.3 for
further details.
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Simulated Tube Control (SIM TUBE)
This temperature control method uses an algorithm similar to tube control. However, with simulated
tube control, the block temperature overheat characteristic which is used to eliminate the sample
temperature lag is based on calculated values, rather than the temperature monitored by the tube
thermistor.
Similar considerations apply when transferring protocols from a block control machine as discussed
above, and the extension lead can again be used.
Reactions using Simulated Tube Control do not require the tube thermistor to be connected, but
sample loading and volume details must be entered when prompted by the run screen. For all tube
reactions in a 0.2ml or a 0.5ml thin walled tube, the volume factor is the total reaction volume in µl
in one well, including any oil overlay.
Simulated Plate Control (SIM PLATE)
This mode of control operates on a similar principle to simulated tube control (see Figure 6.1).
However, in this case, the control algorithm has been adjusted so that the programmed temperature is
achieved in the volume inside a plate well. The system is optimised for the 0.2ml block with thin
walled polypropylene plate.
Figure 6.1 Modes of Control used with the Px2
a.
Active Tube Control
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b.
c.
Simulated Control (Tube, Plate, Slide)
Block Control
Simulated Slide Control (SIM SLIDE)
This mode of control operates on a similar principle to simulated tube control. However, in this case,
the control algorithm has been adjusted so that the programmed temperature is achieved on the top
surface of a standard microscope slide. The performance of the In Situ module has been measured
using miniature thermistor probes attached to the surface of slides. Optimum results in terms of
overshoot and uniformity across four standard glass microscope slides (0.8mm-1.0mm thickness) with
the humidity chamber in place, have been obtained using a calibration factor of 25 (the default value).
Using a higher calibration accelerates the approach to target temperature, but results in some degree
of overshoot. Conversely, a lower calibration factor slows the approach to target temperature.
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Block Control
Controls block temperature as on a conventional dry block machine. We do not recommend this
means of control for thermal cycling due to the variability in thermal profile obtained with different
sample volumes and consumable types.
6.5 Heated Lid Preheat
Once a program and block have been selected (and calibration factors entered where appropriate) the
program will proceed according to the setup conditions as outlined below. The heated lid typically
takes around 2 minutes to reach operating temperature. During this time, the block is controlled at
4°C.
WARNING: Both the tops of reaction vessels and the surfaces of the heated lid
assembly (in particular the inner surfaces) can become very hot during normal
operation. Touching the surfaces can cause burns. Do not touch the heated plate
without safety gloves.
Heated Lid - Automatic Start
This should be selected for robust cycling reactions, where the reactants can withstand being
incubated for the duration of the preheat (about 2 minutes) without the generation of spurious
products. After the program is selected, the Lid Heating indicator light will switch on, denoting
preheating of the lid. When the lid reaches operating temperature, the Ready/Working indicator light
will change to green and the temperature cycling will start automatically. In this mode, samples should
be loaded and the lid closed before starting the preheat.
Heated Lid - Manual Start
This should be used for sensitive cycling reactions, where the reactants will not tolerate being
incubated at low temperatures even for a short time, or where all risk of non-specific reactions must
be eliminated. After the program is selected, the Lid Heating indicator light will switch on, denoting
preheating of the lid. When the lid reaches operating temperature, the Ready/Working indicator light
will change to green. An alarm will sound (if activated) and the START key will need to be pressed
to start temperature cycling. In this mode, samples should be mixed, loaded and the lid closed after
the preheat is completed.
If, after 90 minutes, the CONTINUE key has not been pressed to start a program, a manual start
time out screen is displayed and the run is cleared.
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No Heated Lid
If the heated lid is switched off (for example to perform experiments with oil overlay present) the
temperature cycling will commence as soon as the program/control/calibration factors have been
entered.
NB: The Lid Heating indicator light will remain off in this mode, and the Ready/Working light will
come on immediately.
6.6. Hold & Pause Function
When entering a program the Px2 will give you the opportunity to enter a ‘Hold’ temperature at the
end of each stage. The samples will be held at this set temperature indefinitely. The screen will
display HOLD during a run. If a “Hold” is inserted between stages, the program can be advanced to
the next stage by pressing CONTINUE. If a “Hold” is inserted at the last stage, pressing
CONTINUE will switch to the run summary screen.
Common uses of the Hold step include the following: • Inserting an initial 95oC incubation at the start of the protocol to perform the ‘Hot Start’ procedure.
After the enzyme has been added, pressing CONTINUE will advance the program into the cycling
part of the protocol.
• A final low temperature (4-10oC) hold for the end of overnight runs. Although unnecessary for the
vast majority of protocols, some scientists prefer to have this step included.
• A final 72oC incubation to ensure completion of the final extension step of a reaction.
Pressing PAUSE during a cycling program will pause the program at the current or next target
temperature within the step. Pressing CONTINUE will continue the countdown for the step.
6.7 Aborting Programs
The program will run to completion unless interrupted by the pressing of either the PAUSE or STOP
keys whilst the appropriate run screen is displayed.
Pressing the STOP key once will display a verification screen (the program continues while this is
displayed). Pressing ABORT aborts the program and returns you to the Main Menu screen.
Pressing CONTINUE returns you to the Run screen and continues the run.
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6.8 Program Completion
At the end of the program the END OF RUN screen will be displayed. In this case, the heated lid will
be switched off automatically.
The alarm (if selected) will sound and the block will remain at 20°C for 30 minutes to drive the heated
lid plate temperature to ambient.
If a final HOLD temperature has been specified, the heated lid (if selected) will remain on.
For most thermal cycling applications a final HOLD at elevated temperature is not
necessary. Extended high temperature hold steps can lead to evaporation and condensation
problems, particularly with polycarbonate plates.
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CHAPTER 7
Px2 THERMAL CYCLER
Troubleshooting
7.1 Programs Using ACTIVE Tube Control
Check the Volume in the Tube Thermistor
Check the volume of mineral oil in the control tube (a vial of suitable mineral oil is provided
(alternatively Sigma molecular biology-grade mineral oil, M5904 or equivalent can be used). Do not
use aqueous solutions in the control tube as this can reduce the life expectancy of the
thermistor. Too much oil in the control tube will result in overshoots in the sample tube temperatures,
whilst too little oil there will result in a time lag in the samples achieving temperature. The volume of oil
in the control tube should match that in the reaction tubes (including any oil overlay). Repeated
overshoots at the denaturation temperature during temperature cycling will reduce the activity of the
thermostable enzyme resulting in poor yields of product. The correct position for the control tube is
position A2.
Check Location of Thermistor within the Control Tube
Always ensure the thermistor probe is located centrally in the control tube and immersed in the liquid.
If pushed against the side it will be measuring the temperature of the microcentrifuge tube and not the
sample temperature.
Check the Fit of the Tube in the Block
The Px2 block accommodates most types of reaction tubes. The tube thermistor supplied with the
Px2 is mounted on an OmniTube, which should be changed periodically, as the fit of the tube will
deteriorate with time. Reaction tubes should be distributed evenly in the block. If you are using a
reaction tube that has not been recommended, check its fit in the Px2 block before use. You should
also remount the thermistor probe in this tube to ensure that your samples and the control tube are
matched.
Check through the Program
Before running a program, use the VIEW function to check that the correct combination of
temperature and program number have been entered.
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7.2 Programs Using SIM Temperature Control
Simulated Tube
Enter the number of samples, including the thermistor and the total reaction volume per tube including
any oil overlay. 50µl should be added to the volume factor if thick walled tubes are used.
Use a setting of 96 samples and the correct reaction volume including oil overlay if a polypropylene
OmniTube 96 is used.
Simulated Plate
0.2ml blocks
For 96 well microplates, including OmniUltra 96, on a 0.2ml block the volume factor entered is the
individual sample volume. Note: Polypropylene OmniTube 96 should be run under Sim Tube Control.
0.5ml blocks
For 0.2ml OmniPlates on a 0.5ml block the volume factor entered is the total sample volume
multiplied by 10 (to a maximum of 500). This accommodates the non-optimal fit of the OmniPlate 96
in the 0.5ml block. Other 96 well plates, for example the Costar ThermowellH, may be used with
lower multiples of volume, but these need to be individually determined.
384 well blocks
For 384 well blocks the individual well volume should be used for the volume factor.
Simulated Slide
For 0.8mm - 1mm thick glass slides using simulated slide control the calibration factor is 25 (default
value), other thicknesses will need optimisation.
Check maximum and minimum values achieved during the run. This will give an indication of
unusual temperature performance.
Power failure during a run
A message will appear on the main menu screen. The machine will either restart automatically when
power is restored, or the program will be abandoned, as specified by the user on the SET UP menu
screen. Viewing the run screens for the block will indicate the time of the power failure and where
applicable the time the run resumed.
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7.3 Transfer of Protocols from a Block Control Machine to Tube Control
Using the Thermistor Lead Extension
The different modes of control should be considered before transferring protocols directly. E.g.,
consider a temperature cycling protocol consisting of 1 minute at 95°C followed by 1 minute at 65°C,
repeated 30 times. Using block control, the actual sample temperature is at 95°C for just 30 seconds
at each step, a total of 15 minutes overall. In contrast tube control will result in precise one minute
incubations at each step, a total of 30 minutes at the target denaturation temperature. Even though tube
control gives a more accurate representation of the program, transferring such a protocol directly
could result in lower yields because the enzyme is exposed to the high temperature for significantly
longer, thus reducing its activity in later cycles.
The most accurate way to transfer protocols is to use the control tube of the Px2 as a temperature
probe in the block control machine as follows:
1.
Set the Px2 to run a single program at a set temperature for an extended time. (e.g. 37°C for 4
hrs), ensuring that the heated lid is switched off and the instrument is set to block control. This
enables the tube thermistor to be used remotely.
2.
Connect the thermistor lead extension to the thermistor control tube and plug it into the Px2.
3.
Place the thermistor tube probe into the corresponding thermistor probe socket of the Px2, and
locate the tube in a well of the block control machine running the required protocol.
4.
After a short equilibration interval, the display on the Px2 will indicate the sample tube
temperature, which should be noted at regular time intervals (e.g. 10 seconds, for a number of
cycles). The actual length of time spent at each of the denaturation, annealing and elongation
stages should be recorded, as well as any temperature overshoot values where the
maximum/minimum temperature exceeds the target temperature or undershoots where the target
temperature is not actually reached.
5.
The temperature profile that the samples in the block control machine actually achieve, rather than
simply the block temperature, can be used to program your Px2. Doing this will significantly
reduce the total time required to run a protocol.
7.4 Optimisation of Protocols
The capability of the Px2 programming enables protocol optimisations to be performed very rapidly.
Typically, temperature cycling protocols may consist of three distinct stages:
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1.
Denaturation at an elevated temperature (usually 90-95°C).
2.
Annealing at a temperature dictated by the melting temperature (Tm) of the oligonucleotides.
3.
Enzymatic activity at a temperature dictated by the optimum temperature of the thermostable
enzyme being used.
These three steps are typically repeated for twenty to thirty cycles depending on the amount of starting
template.
Denaturation
The denaturation step at each cycle must be sufficient to denature the target DNA completely,
including G-C rich regions. However, the effect on the enzyme activity of repeated high temperature
incubations should also be considered. An extended initial denaturation step, (3 minutes, 95°C, before
enzyme addition) will denature complex high molecular weight DNA template, but for later cycles this
should be reduced to a maximum of 30 seconds at 92-95°C. Optimisation of the denaturation step is
the most critical factor when transferring a protocol from a block control machine to tube control.
Annealing
The annealing temperature depends on the size and nucleotide composition of the oligonucleotides
used. In general it varies between 50°C and 70°C and as a rough guide should be 5°C below the Tm.
This may be calculated approximately using the following formula:
Tm = 2 x (A + T) + 4 x (G + C)
A difference in the annealing temperature of as little as 1°C can affect the specificity of a reaction, it is
therefore recommended that a range of temperatures is tested to optimise the annealing temperature
for each primer and template combination. This is best performed using the gradient feature described
is section 5.5.
Extension
The extension temperature is largely dependent upon the optimum temperature of the enzyme chosen
and is usually in the range 70-75°C (see data sheet from manufacturer). The time required depends on
the length of product being synthesised.
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CHAPTER 8
Px2 THERMAL CYCLER
Maintenance
8.1 General Cleaning
Before using any cleaning or decontamination method except those recommended below, please
contact your local Thermo Hybaid office or authorised dealer to check that the proposed method will
not damage the equipment.
1.
All surfaces of the Px2 system and heated lid should be cleaned regularly with a soft cloth, hot
water and a mild detergent.
2.
It is important to thoroughly dry all surfaces after cleaning.
3.
The Px2 is not intended for use with aggressive chemicals and on no account should organic
solvents be used to clean this equipment.
4.
Dampened cotton buds can be used to remove dirt and debris from individual wells. The wells
should be kept clean to maintain optimum heat transfer performance.
8.2 Decontamination
When 35S labelled nucleotides are thermally cycled they break down into lower molecular weight
forms which are highly volatile and can leach through the walls of tubes and microtitre plates thus
contaminating the block and possibly the heater plate of the heated lid.
We therefore do not recommend the use of
is expensive.
35S labels, as replacing a dangerously contaminated block
If 35S labels are used, we recommend the following to minimise contamination.
1.
Use a mineral oil overlay in all reactions, even when the heated lid is used.
2.
If using tubes, use only the thick walled variety.
3.
Use the thermal cycler in a fume hood, to minimise air contamination.
4.
If using microtitre plates, coat the under surface with a thin layer of mineral oil.
5.
If radioactivity must be used, the thermal cycling block and heated lid surfaces can be
decontaminated using a 10 % v/v solution of Neutracon (Decon Laboratories Ltd, Conway
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Street, Hove, East Sussex BN3 3LY Tel: +44 (0) 1273 739 241, Fax: +44 (0) 1273 722 088)
or PCC-54 (Pierce Chemical Company). Complete decontamination is unlikely, but low level
counts can be achieved by repeated application of a fresh solution of 10% v/v Neutracon to the
"Hot" area.
All Control Chassis, Block Module, and Heated Lid components coming into contact with
radioactivity should be decontaminated before re-use or transportation. In the event of returning a
contaminated item please contact Thermo Hybaid’s Service Department so that the appropriate
handling arrangements can be made.
Thermo Hybaid recommends that if radioisotopes are to be used, equipment must be
located in a designated Radiation Area. Local Radiation Safety procedures must be
followed at all times.
The use of 35S labelled nucleotides is not covered under our warranty agreement
and requires special service arrangements.
8.3 Protection to the User
The Px2 has been designed with operation safety in mind. In the rare event of an instrument failure,
three levels of protection are built in to ensure the unit “fails safe”. First, the software sets normal
operating ranges for the block and lid. Should this fail, electrical circuitry is in place to ensure that safe
temperatures are not exceeded. In the unlikely event of this failing, thermal fuses are fitted to shut off
the power supply to damaged components.
The unit is fitted with an internal lithium battery containing a hazardous substance. This should be
replaced with the original type and disposed of with care.
8.4 Protection of the Instrument
Fuses
The Px2 mains power inlet is fitted with two T6.3A fuses (20mm x 5mm). If necessary these may be
replaced by a qualified person.
8.5 Tube Thermistor Care
The tube thermistor assembly ensures that the programmed temperature profile is accurately and
reproducibly achieved within all sample tubes. As a ‘sample mimic’, it is important that the thermistor
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is as close a representation as possible to the biological samples. To maintain accuracy and longevity
of the tube thermistor Thermo Hybaid recommends the following:
1. Do change the tube thermistor annually. It may be necessary to change the thermistor more often
under heavy use (e.g. frequent removal of the thermistor from the tube).
2. Do check that the mineral oil volume is the same as the reaction volume including any oil overlay.
3. Do check and replace the control tube if it is showing signs of thermal degradation.
4. Do use the same type of tube for the thermistor tube as for the biological samples.
5. Do make sure the sensor part of the thermistor probe is centrally located at the base of the tube
and is fully covered by mineral oil.
6. Don’t use aqueous solutions in the thermistor tube.
7. Don’t remove the control tube from the cap assembly by pulling the wire; gently lever the tube
from the cap.
8. Don’t kink the thermistor wire or crush the sensor part of the thermistor probe end.
9. Don’t remove the thermistor assembly from the instrument by pulling on the wire, pull from the
plug.
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CHAPTER 9
Px2 THERMAL CYCLER
Technical Specifications & Ordering Information
Description
Px2 with 0.5ml Block
Px2 with 0.2ml Block
Catalogue Number
HBPX2
HBPX2
Block Capacity
48 x 0.5ml tubes
96 x 0.2ml tubes
96 x 0.3ml tubes
1 OmniUltra Plate
1 x 96 well plate
Temperature Control
Available
Tube control
Tube control
Simulated tube control
Simulated tube control
Simulated plate control
Simulated plate control
Block control
Block control
Block Temperature
Range
4°C - 99°C
4°C - 99°C
Block Heating Rate
Up to 3°C/Sec
Up to 3°C/Sec
Block Cooling Rate
Up to 2°C/Sec
Up to 2°C/Sec
Precision Control
0.1°C
0.1°C
Block Uniformity
+ 0.4°C within 15 secs
+ 0.4°C within 15 secs
Heated Lid Temperature
Range
95°C - 120°C
95°C - 120°C
Display Resolution
0.1°C
0.1°C
Ingress Protection Rating
20
20
Standard Accessories
Tube Thermistor 0.5ml
Tube Thermistor 0.2ml
(HBPXTTM05)
(HBPXTTM02)
Interchangeable Block
Modules
HBPXB05
HBPXB02
Px2 Chassis
HBPX2
HBPX2
Performance
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Description
Px2 with In Situ Block
Px2 with 384 Well Block
Catalogue Number
HBPX2
HBPX2
Block Capacity
4 x microscope slides
1 x OmniPlate 384
(76 x 26 x 1mm)
Temperature Control
Available
Simulated slide control
Simulated plate control
Block control
Block control
Block Temperature Range
4°C - 99°C
4°C – 99°C
Block Heating Rate
Up to 3°C/Sec
Up to 3°C/Sec
Block Cooling Rate
Up to 2°C/Sec
Up to 2°C/Sec
Precision Control
0.1°C
0.1°C
Block Uniformity
+ 0.4°C within 15 secs
+ 0.4°C within 15 secs
Performance
Heated Lid Temperature Range 95°C - 120°C
95°C – 120°C
Display Resolution
0.1°C
0.1°C
Ingress Protection Rating
20
20
Standard Accessories
Humidity Chamber
Interchangeable Block
Modules
HBPXBFB
HBPXB384
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Description
Px2 with 0.5ml Gradient Block Px2 with 0.2ml Gradient Block
Catalogue Number
HBPX2
HBPX2
Block Capacity
48 x 0.5ml tubes
96 x 0.2ml tubes
96 x 0.3ml tubes
1 OmniUltra Plate
1 x 96 well plate
Temperature Control
Available
Tube control
Tube control
Simulated tube control
Simulated tube control
Simulated plate control
Simulated plate control
Block control
Block control
Block Temperature Range
4°C - 99°C
4°C – 99°C
Block Heating Rate
Up to 3°C/Sec
Up to 3°C/Sec
Block Cooling Rate
Up to 2°C/Sec
Up to 2°C/Sec
Precision Control
0.1°C
0.1°C
Block Uniformity
+ 0.4°C within 15 secs
+ 0.4°C within 15 secs
Heated Lid Temperature
Range
95°C - 120°C
95°C - 120°C
Display Resolution
0.1°C
0.1°C
Ingress Protection Rating
20
20
Standard Accessories
Tube Thermistor 0.5ml
Tube Thermistor 0.2ml
(HBPXTTM05)
(HBPXTTM02)
Interchangeable Block
Modules
HBPXBG05
HBPXBG02
Px2 Chassis
HBPX2
HBPX2
Performance
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PROGRAMMING (all unit variants)
Number of programs
99
Number of directories
6
Maximum number of program stages
10
Maximum number of steps per stage
10
Maximum programmed dwell time
9hr 59 mins 59 secs
Time increment/decrement
Yes
Temp increment/decrement
Yes
Temperature ramping
Yes
Pause facility
Yes
Autostart facility
Yes
Run “end time” calculations
Yes
File protection
Yes
Output
RS232 and RS485
Alphanumeric programming
Yes
Gradient software
Yes
Power
550W
Dimensions (WxDxH)
240mm x 390mm x 280mm
Weight
8.6kg
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Working Conditions
Ambient temperatures of 4°C to 35°C.
Power requirements: 550W at 115/230V a.c. + 10% and 50/60Hz.
Satisfies the requirements of BS EN 61010-1:1993.
NB:
When the Px2 thermal cycler is removed from a cold room, it should be left to equilibrate for
2-3 hours to avoid condensation.
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56
APPENDIX I
Px2 THERMAL CYCLER
Recommended Consumables
Consumables
Sealing
Systems
OptiTape with
Pack
Size
100
Dispenser
OptiTape Refill
Description
Sealing tape for OmniUltra Plate or other
Catalogue Number
HB-TCT-100
polycarbonate plates. Includes universal
250
dispenser.
HB-TCT-250
100
Refill roll of OptiTape sealing sheets for
HB-TCT-100R
250
OmniUltra or other polycarbonate plates
HB-TCT-250R
TDX Tape
100
Sealing tape for polypropylene plates
HB-TD-TAPE100
Compression
1
Foam pressure pad for use with tape sealing
HB-TD-SFOAM
Pad
system
OmniSeal TD
5
Reusable 96 well sealing mat
HB-TD-MTSRS5
Pack
Size
Description
Catalogue Number
25
Polycarbonate 96 well plate – robot compatible
HB-TC-25D
25
Polycarbonate 96 well plate – robot compatible
HB-TC-25N
OmniUltra Lid
25
Polycarbonate lids
HB-TC-25-NL
OmniFast 96
25
Polypropylene 96 well plate
HB-TC-8002N
OmniFast 384
50
Polypropylene 384 well plate
HB-TC-3840N
OmniTube 96
25
Single piece polypropylene plate
HB-TC-6002N
Mat
Plasticware
Consumables
Plates
OmniUltra Non Irradiated
OmniUltra - Gamma
Irradiated
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Tubes
OmniTube 0.2ml
1000 0.2ml individual tubes with integral domed caps
HB-TC-3372N
OmniTube 0.2ml
1000 0.2ml individual tubes with integral flat caps
HB-TC-6202N
OmniTube 0.5ml
1000 0.5ml individual tubes with integral domed caps
HB-TC-4895N
OmniTube 0.5ml
1000 0.5ml individual tubes with integral flat caps
HB-TC-3505N
OmniStrip 0.2ml
2000 0.2ml strips of 8 tubes & caps
HB-TC-2662N
OmniStrip 0.3ml
2000 0.3ml strips of 8 tubes & caps
HB-TC-4043N
Racked OmniTubes
25
For 0.3ml 96 well plates (caps not included)
HB-TC-4073N
OmniTube Caps
2400 For all 0.2ml and 0.3ml OmniTube products
HB-TC-6022N
We recommend that domed cap tubes are used when the temperature control is set to Active
Tube and flat cap tubes are used under Simulated Tube Control.
Polycarbonate can be affected by contact with formamide, DMSO and other organic
solvents; these should therefore be avoided when using the polycarbonate OmniUltra Plate
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APPENDIX II
Px2 THERMAL CYCLER
Sealing Systems: The OmniSeal TD Mat & OptiTape
Overview
Thermo Hybaid offers several sealing systems to suit individual preferences. OptiTape is an optically
clear single use adhesive tape suitable for use with 96 well polycarbonate plates, whilst the OmniSeal
TD Mat is a reusable silicone rubber mat also for use with 96 well plates. For polypropylene plates
we supply adhesive TDX Tape.
How to use the OptiTape and TDX Tape
OptiTape and TDX Tape are unique, single use sealing systems, designed for oil-free thermal
cycling in 96 well plates and to prevent cross contamination between wells. After a thermal cycling
reaction OptiTape or TDX Tape can be removed from the plate with ease.
OptiTape
Supplied on a roll (with optional dispenser) and designed for use with Thermo Hybaid’s OmniUltra
Plate, although will give an exceptional seal with other brands of polycarbonate plate.
TDX Tape
Clear in colour and designed for use with polypropylene plates such as OmniTube 96, OmniFast 96
or OmniFast 384.
OptiTape and TDX Tape cannot be interchanged, as the TDX Tape will bind irreversibly to
polycarbonate.
To secure contact with the heated lid of the thermal cycler the OptiTape and TDX Tapes must be
used in combination with the reusable TD Compression Pad.
Sealing a 96 Well Plate
1. The tape can be applied to 96 well plates by positioning over one of the short edges and peeling
back the lining material, allowing the adhesive layer to fall on to the plate. This should be possible
without introducing creases. However, before heating, the adhesive is soft enough to be
repositioned without adverse effects.
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2. The tape should be firmly anchored by pressing over each well. This can be done using a soft
roller or by finger pressure. Especially with the OptiTape, ensure that no air pockets can be seen
between the tape and the plate.
3. Once in the machine, the Compression Pad (HB-TD-SFOAM) must be placed on top of the
sealed plate. The Compression Pad performs a dual function. It ensures that the tops of the
sealed well reach the correct temperature and under compression it ensures the sealing between
wells is intact.
Place the sealed 96 well plate on the machine. Close the lid and select the ‘Plates’ icon. (Note: if an
OmniTube 96 Plate is being used, the ‘tubes’ icon should be selected as the heated lid setting).
Removing the Tape
Prior to removing the Tape or OmniSeal Mat from a plate, ensure there is no condensation of the
solution inside the wells or on the plugs of the tape by either:
1.
Removing the 96 well plate from the block and cooling to 4°C.
2.
Cooling down the PCR block to 4°C (if possible).
3.
Heating the sample to 35°C for 30 minutes.
This will minimise the risk of well-to-well contamination when removing the Tape from the 96 well
plate.
Tape is most easily removed while the 96 well plate is in a rack or still on the machine. The sheet
should be peeled back from one corner diagonally across the plate using a single smooth action.
Resealing Using OptiTape
OptiTape is designed for single use. Once heated and compressed, the backing conforms to the plate
and cannot be easily repositioned. Reuse is therefore not advised.
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OmniSeal TD Mat
Cleaning & Sterilisation Procedures
The OmniSeal TD Mat (Catalogue No: HB-TD-MT-SRS-5) is used to seal 96 well plates when using
the Px2 heated lid. Mats can be cleaned and sterilised using the procedures described below.
Soak for 1 minute in either 10% hypochlorite solution, or 0.1M hydrochloric acid solution and then
o
o
rinse with distilled water. Dry inside an oven at up to 80 C if required. Autoclave at 121 C for 15
minutes.
Sealing a 96 Well Plate
OmniSeal TD Mats have 96 plugs in the underside. They are spaced so that they fit into the wells of a
96 well plate.
The plugs are shaped to expand sideways in order to seal all 96 wells of a 96 well plate, when
sufficient pressure is exerted to the upper surface of the mat by the Px2 heated lid.
Figure 10.1: Showing how the OmniSeal TD Mat seals the wells of a 96 well plate.
Removing the OmniSeal TD Mat
To minimise the risk of well-to-well contamination, remove the OmniSeal TD Mat from the 96 well
plate whilst the plate is in a rack or on the machine.
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Reusability of the OmniSeal TD Mats
The OmniSeal TD Mat can be reused at least 5 times. Repeated washing and autoclaving of the Mats
causes them to crack around the edges. When this starts to happen, they should be discarded.
NB:
The number of times an OmniSeal TD Mat can be reused is reduced considerably if it is
cleaned with alcohols or detergents, or if exposed to UV irradiation.
Limitation of Microtitre Plate Operations
Some users have reported loss of volume when using microtitre plates for thermal cycling. Recent
experiments performed at Thermo Hybaid have demonstrated that volume loss is independent of
sample volume and occurs through the sides of the polycarbonate microtitre plate (all manufacturer
plates tested) and is not due to poor sealing. Typically volume loss of 3µl per well in a 30-cycle
reaction can be expected.
The Thermo Hybaid OmniUltra helps to address this problem to some extent. In our tests reaction
volumes of 10µl gave strong results. 5µl reaction volumes gave visible but faint results thus 10µl is the
minimum recommended sample volume for this plate.
This is because this plate is injection moulded which results in absolute well to well and plate to plate
consistency. The well wall thickness of conventional vacuum moulded plates is inconsistent resulting in
highly porous patches which allow large amounts of sample to pass through.
If you are working with sample volumes of less than 10µl and are using the OmniUltra, it may be
advisable to switch to polypropylene consumables instead. For polycarbonate plates supplied by other
manufacturers a minimum sample volume of 25µl should be observed to ensure adequate sample
remains after PCR.
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62
APPENDIX III
Px2 THERMAL CYCLER
In Situ Block Application Notes
Overview
The Px2 In Situ module with flat block has been designed for the precise control of temperature on up
to four standard microscope slides (dimensions 76mm x 26mm x 1mm). Flat blocks are supplied with
a Humidity Chamber, which can be used to reduce sample drying.
Temperature Control
The In Situ block can perform all the control functions of the standard Px2 reaction tube block with
the exceptions of Active Tube Control and Simulated Tube Control. Instead, the Simulated Slide
Control option is used which minimises the time lag between the block reaching target temperature
and the sample on the surface of the slide achieving target temperature. At the start of running a
program on an In Situ module the SIM SLIDE option should be selected as the control mode (see
Figure 5.1). The heated lid is not operational under this control mode.
The performance of the In Situ module has been measured using miniature thermistor probes attached
to the surface of slides. Optimum results across four standard slides (1mm thickness) with the
humidity chamber in place have been obtained using a calibration factor of 25. Using a higher
calibration factor accelerates the approach to target temperature, but results in a degree of overshoot.
Conversely, a lower calibration factor slows the approach to target temperature, but minimises any
overshoot. A calibration factor of zero would be equivalent to block control when using SIM
SLIDE.
Protocol Transfer
When transferring protocols from a conventional 'block control' machine, it is important to consider
the effect of using Px2's 'Simulated Slide' control. On conventional thermal cyclers, the programmed
temperatures commonly refer to the temperature achieved by the block and not the microscope slide.
Consequently, a sample on the top surface of a glass slide will be significantly cooler than the block
temperature. The Px2’s 'Simulated Slide' control overcomes this problem by using an algorithm to
ensure the temperature achieved by samples on the surface of the slides is as close as possible to the
programmed temperature.
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In practice this difference in achieved temperature between different control systems is most
pronounced at the denaturation step. As a guide, we recommend that when transferring protocols
from a conventional thermal cycler to the Px2 In Situ, the denaturation temperature is reduced by
3°C.
Programming
Programming and operation of the In Situ module are identical to the standard Px2 tube modules (see
Chapter 5) with the exceptions previously noted and also no heated lid operation is supported. For
simple fixed temperature incubations of the slides, manual control can be used (see section 4.7). For
more complex multi-step incubations or for temperature cycling reactions a protocol can be designed
and run using Simulated Slide Control (see Chapter 6).
Humidity Chamber
The polycarbonate Humidity Chamber has been designed to reduce drying out of the sample on the
slides. For accurate temperature performance, the In Situ module should be used with the Humidity
Chamber in place and the lid closed.
•
Fill the reservoirs with water.
•
Pre-heat the block with the Humidity Chamber in place. This allows the reservoir to warm up so
that evaporation of the solution can begin. Alternatively, preheat the reservoir solution to the
incubation temperature required.
•
For thermal cycling with extended/high temperature incubations, it is important to seal the reagents
under the cover slip. Thermo Hybaid recommends the use of EasiSeal sealing frames. These are
available in three sizes (25µl - HB-OS-SSEZ1E, 65µl - HB-OS-SSEZ2E, and 125µl - HB-OSSSEZ3E). They will completely seal the specimen area to prevent drying.
NB: If a petroleum based rubber compound is used for sealing cover slips in place, the compound
should be allowed to dry out completely before use with this system. If complete drying is not
allowed, the solvent vapour will damage the surface of the Humidity Chamber.
More information on the use of In Situ applications using Thermo Hybaid equipment can be
obtained from the Thermo Hybaid In Situ Hybridization Guide, which is available free upon
request.
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64
APPENDIX IV
Px2 THERMAL CYCLER
Glossary of Terms
Advanced Edit
Block Control
Block Module
Control Chassis
Copy
Edit
Erase
GRADIENT CALCULATOR
Software
HOLD
In Situ Module
Loading Factor
MAN
Manual Operation
Menu
OPTS
Allows the adjustment of the following:
1) Incrementation/decrementation of time and/or temperature
on a cycle-by-cycle basis.
2) Control of temperature ramping between set points.
The temperature of the cycling block is monitored and
controlled by the thermistor mounted on the block. Because
of the time lag between the block and sample reaching
temperature we recommend that tube control is used.
The interchangeable assembly comprising sample block, Peltier
array, heatsink and control thermistor.
The main body of the machine, incorporating keypad, control
and power functions, fan and display. The Heated Lid is fitted
to the control chassis.
Copy is used to make identical copies of stored programs,
prior to editing.
Edit is used to create new programs or to change existing
programs.
Erase is used to delete programs or create extra space for new
protocols.
Software for use in calculating optimised annealing
temperatures after gradient cycling.
A HOLD step may be specified at the end of a stage. Samples
are held at this temperature until CONTINUE is pressed to
resume the program. This function can be used to hold samples
at a fixed temperature while a reagent is added before
temperature cycling starts.
The Px2 Flat Block, for performing In Situ reactions on up to
four microscope slides.
To compensate for differing numbers of samples, enter the
number of tubes for each cycling run.
Manual operation is used for single temperature incubations
under block control. The incubation will proceed at the set
temperature until the STOP button is pressed; or until a new
temperature is specified.
The menu key allows the user to return to the main menu at any
time without making changes in the programming/operation of
the unit.
Allows the accessing of SETUP options or GRADIENT
CALCULATOR Software
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New Temperature
Peltier Device
Power Failure
PROGRAM
Ramp Rate
(Temperature Ramping)
RUN
Sample Volume
SET UP
Simulated Plate Control
Simulated Slide Control
Simulated Tube Control
Stage
A new temperature may be specified during a manual
incubation step. The manual program is interrupted and the
sample temperature rapidly changes to the newly specified
temperature.
A thermoelectric device incorporating a bismuth telluride semiconductor crystal array. On passing a current through the
crystal, one surface of the crystal is heated, the other cooled.
Reversing the current reverses the heat flow.
The Px2 has the facility to restart after a mains power supply
failure. There are two set up options for restarting after a
power failure:
1. Resume program at step that power failure
occurred.
2. Abandon program at power failure step.
One of the above should be specified using the SETUP menu.
Select PROG from the main menu to access the programming
menu.
Ramping precisely controls the rate of change of sample
temperature (ºC/sec). This is useful for limiting the rate of
change of temperature, to allow partial extension of short or
degenerate primers.
The RUN Option allows the user to run a stored program on
the block
When using simulated tube control methods, the sample is
entered to ensure precise block heating and cooling.
This function allows the default settings of the Px2 (set day and
time, power restart option and screen brightness) to be
modified.
Simulated Plate Control incorporates an algorithm to reduce
time to reach target temperature, using precise overshoots in
block temperature for each setpoint. Refer to Section 5.2 for
instructions on how to use this control option.
Simulated Slide Control incorporates an algorithm to reduce
the time to target temperature when performing temperature
cycling reactions using microscope slides on an In Situ block.
Simulated Tube Control incorporates an algorithm to reduce
the time to reach target temperature, using precise overshoots
in block temperature for each setpoint. The calculated sample
temperature inside sample tubes and block temperature are
displayed during the run.
One stage of a program consists of one or more steps up to a
maximum of 10. A stage may be repeated for temperature
cycling. Up to ten stages may be used in one program, and
stage-to-stage linking is automatic.
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Step
Sub-ambient Block
TEMP INC/DEC
Temperature Increment/Decrement
Thermistor
TIME INC/DEC
Time Increment/Decrement
Touchdown PCR
TUBE
(Active) Tube Control
HEATED LID
View
A step consists of a programmed temperature and time
interval. Time increment and ramp rate may also be specified if
required. Enter zero for each heading to specify the last step of
a particular stage, and enter zero for each heading at the first
step of the final stage.
The aluminium block used on sub-ambient Px2 systems. This
uses Peltier devices for heating and cooling. Operating range:
4°C to 99°C.
May be used to increase/decrease a temperature set point at
successive cycles. E.g. a decrement of 0.1°C will give 60,
59.9, 59.8, 59.7.... °C.
This is useful for touchdown PCR reactions where stringency
at the annealing step is decreased as the reaction proceeds.
A thermistor is a resistor whose resistance changes with
temperature. It can therefore be used as a very accurate
temperature probe with small liquid volumes.
May be used to change a time interval to each repeat cycle of
a specific step. E.g. an increment of 10 seconds on a 60
second step will give time intervals of 60, 70, 80, 90,
100....seconds. This is useful when increasing an incubation
step to allow for the depletion of an enzyme.
A gene amplification procedure where the annealing
temperature is high (e.g. 65°C) to achieve high specificity at
the start of the reaction. It can then be reduced with
successive cycles (by e.g. 0.5°C/Cycle) to increase yield once
high stringency is no longer required.
This type of software control is dependent upon the external
thermistor probe located in the microfuge tube. This allows
very accurate monitoring and control of sample tube
temperature. This feedback control loop allows the transition
to target temperature to be accelerated by creating a
temperature gradient between the block temperature and the
tube temperature.
A standard fitting which allows oil free cycling in 0.2, 0.3,
0.5ml tubes and 96/384 well plates. The auto-height adjusting
heated plate in contact with the top of the reaction vessels
maintains the temperature above 100ºC, preventing
evaporation of the sample.
The View function allows the contents of programs to be
accessed.
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APPENDIX V
Px2 THERMAL CYCLER
Pre-Set Programs on the Px2
Programs coded into the F:HYBAID Directory of the Px2 memory can be used directly or as building
blocks for other protocols using the COPY function.
PROGRAM F:90
3T_PCR
Stage 1
Step 1
94°C
0:01:00
Stage 2
Step 1
94°C
0:00:30
Step 2
55°C
0:00:30
Step 3
72°C
0:00:30
x 30
Step 1
72°C
0:05:00
x1
Hold
4°C
x1
Stage 3
x1
PROGRAM F:91
2T_PCR
Stage 1
Step 1
94°C
0:01:00
Stage 2
Step 1
94°C
0:00:10
Step 2
68°C
0:00:10
x 30
Step 1
72°C
0:05:00
x1
Hold
4°C
x1
Stage 3
PROGRAM F:92
LONGPCR
Stage 1
Step 1
94°C
0:02:00
Stage 2
Step 1
94°C
0:00:10
Step 2
65°C
0:00:30
Step 3
68°C
0:10:00
Step 1
94°C
0:00:10
Step 2
65°C
0:00:30
Step 3
68°C
0:10:00 + Time Inc. 0:20/cycle x 20
Step 1
68°C
0:07:00
Stage 3
Stage 4
x 10
x1
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PROGRAM F:93
CYCSEQ
Stage 1
Step 1
94°C
0:01:00
Stage 2
Step 1
94°C
0:00:10
Step 2
50°C
0:00:10
Step 3
60°C
0:04:00
x 25
Hold
10°C
x1
x1
PROGRAM F:94
TD_PCR
Stage 1
Step 1
94°C
0:01:00
Stage 2
Step 1
94°C
0:00:30
Step 2
65°C
0:00:30
Step 3
72°C
0:00:30
Step 1
94°C
0:00:30
Step 2
65°C
0:00:30 + Temp DEC-1.0°C /cycle
Step 3
72°C
0:00:30
Step 1
94°C
0:00:30
Step 2
50°C
0:00:30
Step 3
72°C
0:00:30
x5
Step 1
72°C
0:05:00
x1
Stage 3
Stage 4
Stage 5
x4
x 16
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PROGRAM F:95
RTPCR37
Stage 1
Step 1
37°C
1:00:00
Step 2
95°C
0:10:00
Hold
4°C
Step 1
95°C
0:00:30
Step 2
55°C
0:00:30
Step 3
72°C
0:00:30
x 40
Stage 3
Step 1
72°C
0:05:00
x1
PROGRAM F:96
RTPCR65
Stage 1
Step 1
65°C
1:00:00
Step 2
94°C
0:01:00
Step 1
94°C
0:00:15
Step 2
65°C
0:00:30
x 40
Stage 3
Step 1
65°C
0:07:00
x1
PROGRAM F:97
RAMP
Stage 1
Step 1
94°C
0:01:00
x1
Stage 2
Step 1
94°C
0:00:30
Ramp 1.0°C/Sec
Step2
55°C
0:00:30
Ramp 1.0°C/Sec
Step 3
72°C
0:00:30
Ramp 1.0°C/Sec
Step 1
72°C
0:05:00
x1
Stage 2
Stage 2
Stage 3
x1
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PROGRAM F:98
DIGEST
Stage 1
Step 1
PROGRAM F:99
CUT/KIL
Stage 1
37°C
4:00:00
Step 1
37°C
4:00:00
Step 2
95°C
0:15:00
Hold
4°C
x1
x1
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• HUNDREDS OF
MANUFACTURERS
SUPPORTED
• LEASING/MONTHLY
RENTALS
• ITAR CERTIFIED
SECURE ASSET SOLUTIONS
SERVICE CENTER REPAIRS
Experienced engineers and technicians on staff
at our full-service, in-house repair center
WE BUY USED EQUIPMENT
Sell your excess, underutilized, and idle used equipment
We also offer credit for buy-backs and trade-ins
www.artisantg.com/WeBuyEquipment
InstraView REMOTE INSPECTION
LOOKING FOR MORE INFORMATION?
Visit us on the web at www.artisantg.com for more
information on price quotations, drivers, technical
specifications, manuals, and documentation
SM
Remotely inspect equipment before purchasing with
our interactive website at www.instraview.com
Contact us: (888) 88-SOURCE | [email protected] | www.artisantg.com
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