PC0009_02 PS1 Technical Manual, Rev 02
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter
Charger
Technical Manual
Document: PC0009
Revision 02
Technical Manual
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Foreword
Thank you for purchasing a Selectronic PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger. The PS1 has
been designed and manufactured to exacting ISO9001 standards, by people with many years
experience in providing solutions to alternative and remote power needs.
Combined with a suitable generator, batteries and optionally renewable sources, the PS1 will
provide you with reliable power 24 hours a day. The quality of power the PS1 produces is as good
as, if not better than normal grid electricity. A powerful microprocessor uses Pulse Width
Modulation techniques combined with state of the art MOSFET technology to develop a low
distortion precise Sine Wave output.
Componentry used within the PS1 has been generously proportioned to ensure safe and reliable
operation for many years.
If not understood the PS1 can be a very complex product, please read this document thoroughly
before attempting to use the PS1 or request service.
It is extremely important that you and your installer follow all of the instructions set out in this
document; failure to do so may void your warranty.
Ensure you return your warranty information promptly and complete all details.
The PS1 has been thoroughly tested and packaged before leaving our factory. Should any damage
have occurred during transit please inform your installer/supplier immediately.
We trust you get many years of trouble free operation from your PS1.
© Selectronic Australia 2005
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Warranty
Your Selectronic PS1 product is warranted by the manufacturer for a period of 12 months from date
of purchase to the original purchaser only. The manufacturer will bear the cost of parts and labour
to repair any faults found within the terms and period of this warranty. Faulty product or parts must
be returned to Melbourne Australia for claim under warranty. No allowance is made for installers
labour or traveling time required to disconnect or reinstall faulty parts. Cost of freight to return parts
to the customer will be paid by the manufacturer, method of freight used will be determined by the
manufacturer.
Unless otherwise specified to the purchaser the benefits conferred by this voluntary warranty are
additional to all other conditions, warranties, guarantees, rights and remedies expressed or implied
by the Trade Practices Act in your state or territory.
All installation and user conditions as set down in the instruction manual must be strictly adhered to,
failure to do so may void your warranty.
This product is not to be used for Life Support equipment.
Any faults caused by lightning, water or moisture ingress, faulty installation, using the product in a
manner which it is not intended, vermin infestation, improper voltage, alteration which affects the
reliability or performance of the unit but not attributable to faulty manufacture, or faulty generator
sets will not be covered under warranty.
In the event of the product being out of service the manufacturer shall bear no responsibility for any
consequential losses or expenses.
The manufacturer will not be held responsible for any misleading or incorrect information conveyed
by the salesperson or installer.
If service is required please contact your installer/sales company first.
If your installation is signed off by a Selectronic Accredited PS1 installer your 12 month warranty will
become 24 months.
If you wish to extend your warranty further please see the warranty form for details.
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About This Manual
This manual (PC0009) contains information for installation, maintenance and troubleshooting of the
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger family. These activities should be performed by suitably
qualified and trained personnel only. A User Manual (PC0004) describing the operation is also
available. Refer to Appendix C for document and software revision information.
A PDF copy of this manual may be downloaded from the manufacturers’ web site (see below). To
read or print the PDF copy on A4 paper, use Adobe Acrobat Reader which you can download free
from www.adobe.com. The PDF copy includes many cross-reference hotlinks (underlined) to
facilitate moving around within the document. (If you have clicked one of these links and wish to
return to the place where you were previously reading, click on the “Go to Previous View” symbol
on the Acrobat Reader toolbar at the top of the document.)
Contact your supplier or the manufacturer (see below) to order a printed copy of this manual (see
manual details in page footer below).
In this manual, the symbol
indicates important information such as hazards and warnings.
If you have any suggestions for improvements to either this manual or any Selectronic Australia
product please contact us (see Manufacturers Details below).
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Warning
The equipment described in this manual may be hazardous. Before operating the
equipment please see §1 Precautions and Safety and ensure that you understand the
relevant information in the manual. Procedures in this manual require the PS1 front door to be
opened, only suitably qualified and trained installation, commissioning and maintenance personnel
should open the PS1 door or disturb the PS1 wiring.
Selectronic Australia shall have no obligation as to any equipment which has been improperly
installed, stored, or handled, or which has not been operated or maintained according to this
manual, nor for any operating mistakes and consequences arising therefrom.
This product is not to be used for Life Support equipment.
Manufacturers Details
Selectronic Australia Pty Ltd
Suite 5, 20 Fletcher Rd
Mooroolbark VIC 3138
Australia
Ph +61 3 9727 6600
Fax +61 3 9727 6601
www.selectronic.com.au/
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Contents
Foreword............................................................................................................................... 2
Warranty ............................................................................................................................... 3
About This Manual .............................................................................................................. 4
Warning................................................................................................................................. 5
Manufacturers Details......................................................................................................... 5
Contents ............................................................................................................................... 6
1
Precautions and Safety ............................................................................................... 9
1.1 PS1 .......................................................................................................................... 9
1.2 PS1 Auto restart ...................................................................................................... 9
1.3 Battery...................................................................................................................... 9
1.4 Generator............................................................................................................... 10
1.5 Solar Arrays ........................................................................................................... 10
2
General Guidelines..................................................................................................... 11
3
PS1 - RAP System Overview .................................................................................... 12
4
PS1 Operation............................................................................................................. 14
4.1 Generator Management........................................................................................ 14
4.1.1 Generator Automatic Running ....................................................................... 14
4.1.1.1 Generator Control based on SoC ...................................................15
4.1.1.2 Generator Scheduling.....................................................................19
4.1.1.3 Generator Start - AC Load..............................................................19
4.1.1.4 Generator Automatic Stopping .......................................................20
4.1.2 Generator Manual Running ........................................................................... 20
4.1.3 Generator Fault Recovery.............................................................................. 20
4.1.4 Generator Control Interface ........................................................................... 22
4.1.5 Synchronisation.............................................................................................. 23
4.2 System Power Flow .............................................................................................. 23
4.2.1 No Generator/PS1 switched ON.................................................................... 23
4.2.2 PS1 ON/ Generator Started........................................................................... 23
4.2.3 Generator ON/PS1 switched ON................................................................... 24
4.2.4 Load Sharing .................................................................................................. 24
4.2.5 Reverse Power............................................................................................... 24
4.2.6 Reactive Power .............................................................................................. 24
4.3 Battery Management............................................................................................. 25
4.3.1 Battery Charger Operation............................................................................. 25
4.3.2 Temperature Compensation.......................................................................... 27
4.3.3 Battery State of Charge (SoC)....................................................................... 27
4.4 Renewable Management...................................................................................... 28
4.4.1 Renewable Connection.................................................................................. 28
4.4.2 Shunt Connections......................................................................................... 28
4.5 Inverter External Alarm.......................................................................................... 30
5
PS1 Controls ............................................................................................................... 31
5.1 Overview of PS1 Controls..................................................................................... 31
5.2 Circuit Breakers ..................................................................................................... 32
5.3 User Interface ........................................................................................................ 33
5.3.1 ON/OFF Pushbutton ...................................................................................... 34
5.3.2 Pushbuttons & Navigation.............................................................................. 34
5.3.3 Generator Start/Stop – (OK Press & Hold) ................................................... 34
5.4 Front Panel LEDs .................................................................................................. 35
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6
PS1 Menus................................................................................................................... 40
6.1 User Menu Structure ............................................................................................. 40
6.2 User View Menus .................................................................................................. 41
6.2.1 View Readings................................................................................................ 41
6.2.1.1 View Diagnostics ............................................................................43
6.2.2 Summary Readings........................................................................................ 45
6.2.3 View Settings.................................................................................................. 46
6.2.4 Generator Schedules ..................................................................................... 53
6.3 User Edit Menus.................................................................................................... 55
6.3.1 Change Generator Schedules ....................................................................... 56
6.3.2 Change Settings............................................................................................. 58
6.3.2.1 Advanced User Settings .................................................................60
6.4 Event Log............................................................................................................... 62
6.4.1.1 Using the Event Log .......................................................................63
6.5 Installer Menus ...................................................................................................... 63
6.5.1 Battery Settings .............................................................................................. 64
6.5.2 Generator settings.......................................................................................... 66
6.5.3 AC Output settings ......................................................................................... 69
6.5.4 Shunt Settings ................................................................................................ 70
6.5.5 Charger Settings............................................................................................. 71
6.5.5.1 Advanced Charger Settings............................................................73
6.5.6 Additional Displays ......................................................................................... 73
7
PS1 Technical Description........................................................................................ 74
7.1 Inverter Internal View............................................................................................. 74
7.2 Inverter Block Diagram.......................................................................................... 76
8
PS1 Wiring................................................................................................................... 79
8.1 Inverter External Wiring......................................................................................... 79
8.1.1 External Wiring Schematic............................................................................. 79
8.1.2 DC Power Wiring............................................................................................ 80
8.1.3 AC Power Wiring............................................................................................ 81
8.1.4 Inverter Alarm Wiring...................................................................................... 82
8.1.5 Generator Control Interface Wiring................................................................ 82
8.1.6 Shunt Wiring ................................................................................................... 82
9
Installation Procedure................................................................................................ 83
10 Commissioning Procedure....................................................................................... 86
11 Inverter Troubleshooting........................................................................................... 89
11.1 System General Check ......................................................................................... 89
11.2 Inverter will not Start.............................................................................................. 89
11.3 No AC Power to Load while Generator Off .......................................................... 89
11.4 Inverter Not Charging Battery ............................................................................... 90
11.5 Inverter Shuts Down.............................................................................................. 90
11.6 Inverter Software Failure....................................................................................... 90
11.7 DC Circuit Breaker Trips ....................................................................................... 90
11.8 Inverter does not start Generator.......................................................................... 91
11.9 Inverter does not Synchronise to Generator ........................................................ 91
11.10 Inverter & Generator Load Sharing Incorrect ....................................................... 91
11.11 Generator Runs at the Wrong Times.................................................................... 91
11.12 The Generator Runs for a Long Time................................................................... 92
11.13 Incorrect Inverter AC Voltage................................................................................ 92
11.14 Incorrect Battery Charging .................................................................................... 92
11.15 Data Logging ......................................................................................................... 92
12 Inverter Shutdown & Isolation Procedures ............................................................ 93
12.1 Inverter Shutdown Procedure ............................................................................... 93
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12.2
12.3
12.4
12.5
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Inverter Isolation Procedure .................................................................................. 93
Inverter Discharge Procedure............................................................................... 94
Inverter De-isolation Procedure ............................................................................ 94
Inverter Startup Procedure.................................................................................... 94
Appendix A Specifications............................................................................................... 95
A.1 Product Specifications........................................................................................... 95
A.2 Generator Control Interface Specification ............................................................ 97
Control Relays .............................................................................................................. 97
Output functions............................................................................................................ 97
Control Inputs ............................................................................................................... 97
A.3 Battery Cable Recommendation........................................................................... 98
A.4 Battery Fuse Recommendation ............................................................................ 99
A.5 Mechanical Details .............................................................................................. 100
A.6 Standards Compliance........................................................................................ 103
Appendix B Definitions................................................................................................... 104
B.1 Settings Index...................................................................................................... 104
B.2 Event Definitions.................................................................................................. 105
Appendix C Revisions and Changes............................................................................ 108
C.1 Revisions to this Document ................................................................................ 108
C.2 Software Version Applicability............................................................................. 108
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1 Precautions and Safety
1.1 PS1
Hazardous voltages and energy are generated by the PS1, are fed into the PS1 by external wiring
from multiple sources, and may be stored in capacitors after the PS1 is switched off and
disconnected from external wiring. Only suitably qualified and trained personnel should open the
PS1 front door. Do not operate with the door open.
Procedures in this Technical Manual require the PS1 front door to be opened to access internal
wiring terminals and connectors, however, for safety reasons, all normal PS1 operations by users
should be performed with the door closed. This includes the front panel operation of all PS1
pushbuttons, displays and circuit breakers (see §5 PS1 Controls).
The PS1 requires adequate ventilation, away from hot equipment. Do not obstruct the airflow
through the ventilation holes in the PS1 case located on the sides and door top.
The PS1 must be located in a dry place away from water, electrolyte and corrosive aerosols. If the
PS1 is wall mounted the mounting method must be in accordance with the installation instructions
using the fasteners specified in the installation section of this manual.
The PS1 contains arcing contacts so must not be located where explosive gas mixtures could
occur, such as hydrogen from batteries or diesel fuel fumes. Installation requirements are defined
in the installation section of this manual and relevant standards.
1.2 PS1 Auto restart
WARNING: The PS1 automatically restarts and may restore power or start the generator at
any time.
If a fault or overload is detected the PS1 will shutdown and automatically attempt to restart at
varying intervals of up to several hours.
Never work on equipment or investigate a problem without following appropriate safety isolation
procedures, including turning off all isolating switches and circuit breakers and disconnecting the
generator start battery.
1.3 Battery
Batteries are very dangerous. Please read the safety information provided by the battery supplier.
Battery acid is dangerous.
Batteries can emit hydrogen gas, which is explosive.
Batteries connected in series can produce hazardous voltages.
Disconnecting a DC power connection (even on one battery cell) can cause dangerous highenergy DC arcs, which can cause serious burns and eject hot particles, and can be difficult to
extinguish.
Disconnecting a DC power connection can cause renewable sources to produce hazardous
voltages (much greater than the battery voltage) on battery terminals and DC wiring. Such voltages
can be lethal. They can also damage the PS1. Only suitably trained and qualified personnel
should disconnect any DC power connection, including battery cell connections, and only with
suitable procedures and safety precautions.
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1.4 Generator
Please read the safety information provided by the generator supplier.
The generator produces hazardous voltages.
The generator installation should follow relevant standards and practices for the installation of fuel
storage, for ventilation and dispersal of exhaust gas. Exhaust gas in enclosed spaces can kill.
The generator installation should include a means of isolating the generator automatic control
inputs from the PS1. The generator must be isolated from the PS1 during servicing.
WARNING: The PS1 automatically restarts and may restore power or start the generator at
any time.
Never work on equipment or investigate a problem without following appropriate safety isolation
procedures, including turning off isolating switches and disconnecting the generator start battery.
1.5 Solar Arrays
Please read the safety information provided by the solar array supplier.
Solar arrays can produce hazardous voltages.
Shorting or disconnecting array wiring which is energized or carrying current can produce
dangerous DC power arcs which are difficult to extinguish.
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2 General Guidelines
Following the guidelines below will help maintain the system reliability and maximise the life of the
PS1, generator and other components.
•
Reduce operating temperatures. All equipment will provide longer and more reliable
service if protected from high temperatures and regular wide temperature variations.
Generator and PS1 power capacity is reduced operating in high ambient temperatures;
battery life is seriously degraded by battery temperatures above 35°C.
•
In hot areas a shed or room with a shade roof above and on walls exposed to direct
sunlight and with reasonable ventilation will reduce maximum temperatures.
•
In areas with wide temperature variation between day and night, insulate the building and
fit ventilation controlled by internal room temperature to dispose of excess heat.
•
Install the generator in an area with good ventilation and well separated from the PS1 and
the batteries. Do not allow heat or exhaust from the generator to heat the PS1, the battery
or other equipment.
•
Follow the instructions for routine monitoring and maintenance.
•
Monitor the performance of the system by periodically reviewing the PS1 logged data.
•
Install a phone connection or other means by which data from the PS1 can be collected
and processed. This also allows experts to make adjustments to the system settings to
optimize performance and eliminate many problems. A remote connection can help
identify the cause of faults and often allow your system maintainer to remotely correct
problems.
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3 PS1 - RAP System Overview
Selectronic Australia RAPS (Remote Area Power System) inverters are typically used in
applications where no mains grid is available. The diagram below shows a RAP system
comprising a PS1 inverter, battery, generator and optional renewable source (solar array, wind
generator etc). The renewable source power output may vary with the season, the weather, the
time of day or night etc. The site load may similarly vary, and may have short peak loads due to
electric motor starting for example.
Temperature
Monitor
DC
Circuit
Breaker
Battery
Renewable
source
&
Regulator
Load
Circuit
Breaker
AC
Contactor
DC
AC
Power
Electronics
Generator
Contactor
Renewable
Monitor
Alarms
Remote Comms
PS1 INVERTER
Generator
Circuit
Breaker
AC load via
Site
Switchboard
Site
Generator
Generator
Control
Interface
Figure 1 PS1- RAP System
The PS1 inverter is the heart of the RAP system. It automatically manages the battery, the
generator and monitors the renewable resource to efficiently supply the load.
In normal operation the three circuit breakers located on the PS1 front panel, are manually closed.
The internal AC Contactor is automatically closed for power flow through the PS1, and the internal
Generator Contactor is automatically closed for power flow from the generator.
Power can flow through the PS1 in either direction, from AC to DC or from DC to AC. The PS1
supplies mains quality sine wave power to the load, converted from the renewable source and/or
the battery, and directly from the generator. The PS1 can supply DC to charge the battery from the
generator and monitor DC charging the battery from the renewable source if present.
The PS1 uses one internal shunt and an optional external shunt to monitor renewable power
sources and loads.
The PS1 automatically starts and stops the generator. It ensures efficient use of fuel by running the
generator only at medium to heavy loads, and normally for a selected part of the day to minimize
noise. It also starts the generator if the load increases beyond selected levels for a sustained time.
While the generator is running, it supplies power to the load and the PS1 charges the battery. If the
generator is unavailable or not required, the PS1 supplies the load from the renewable and battery.
For large loads, the PS1 and generator both supply the load, so load capacity is the sum of PS1
and generator ratings. A smaller generator can therefore be used compared with inverter charger
systems.
To minimize battery drain with infrequent loads, the PS1 Power Save mode supplies voltage to the
load only when the load exceeds a set value.
When the PS1 is switched off or shutdown, the Generator Contactor automatically closes whenever
generator voltage is present, enabling the manually started generator to supply the load.
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The LCD displays system readings and settings and supports adjustment of PS1 settings. System
status, fault and abnormal conditions are also displayed on the front panel LEDs. Pushbuttons
control which readings and settings are displayed and are also used to manually start or stop the
generator.
The PS1 logs (records) power, voltage and current variables, and time/date-tagged events (alarms,
generator start/stop, etc) for analysis of system operation and troubleshooting.
The PS1 is protected against fault conditions such as over-voltage and over-current, and on
start-up performs a self-test for internal faults. The PS1 can supply short-term overloads larger
than its continuous load rating and continues to supply fault over-current for up to ten seconds to
trip external circuit breakers. The PS1 automatically recovers from faults whenever possible.
If the battery is becoming excessively discharged due to abnormal operating conditions the PS1
shuts down (passes no power) to prevent battery damage, The PS1 restarts when the battery
charge has sufficiently recovered, for example by renewable charging.
The PS1 inverter family contains several models with various power ratings and nominal battery
voltages. All models have the same functionality except for minor differences described in the
manual. See §A.1 Product Specifications for the specifications of each model.
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4 PS1 Operation
This section of the manual contains detailed information about the PS1 operation related to
management of the generator, battery and renewables. It is highly recommended to read this
section before attempting to change any PS1 setting.
4.1 Generator Management
For generator details, please refer to the documentation supplied with it.
The PS1 connects to the generator via Generator Control Interface as described in §4.1.4. The
PS1 may be configured to automatically control the generator as required to supply the load and
charge the attached battery or to allow manual control of the generator by the user. Generally
automatic control of the generator is recommended for daily operation.
Typically, as part of the installation, the PS1 settings are configured to automatically run the
generator to:
•
Limit the depth of battery discharge, for maximum battery life.
•
Deliver energy efficiently by supplying sustained large loads direct from the generator.
•
Load the generator to the highest possible level while running, to efficiently convert fuel to
electricity.
•
Not frequently start and stop the generator, which would reduce its life and increase
maintenance.
•
Avoid noise by starting the generator late at night only for heavy loads or a deeply
discharged battery.
4.1.1
Generator Automatic Running
In the PS1 RAPS system, the PS1 automatically runs the generator for the following reasons:
•
Battery conditions, in particular state of charge (SoC), require the generator to charge the
battery (see §4.1.1.1 Generator Control based on SoC).
•
Time Schedules are set to regularly run the generator at times of expected peak loads or
at convenient times (see §4.1.1.2 Generator Scheduling).
•
Backup Schedules are set to run the generator in case of PS1 shutdown to power vital
equipment (see §4.1.1.2 Generator Scheduling).
•
Load conditions are such that the PS1 ratings are exceeded or a sustained load is large
enough to efficiently load up the generator hence running the generator will be the most
efficient method to supply the load. For loads exceeding the generator rating the PS1
draws power from the battery, adding its power output to that of the generator.
(see §4.1.1.3 Generator Start - AC Load).
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4.1.1.1
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Generator Control based on SoC
The PS1 may be configured to start the generator to charge the battery based on the battery State
of Charge (SoC). This method of generator control is recommended to efficiently and reliably
maintain the battery charge.
The battery SoC is estimated by the PS1 and displayed as a percentage of the battery capacity and
represented throughout this manual and in the menu system by the symbol SoC%. See §4.3.3
Battery State of Charge (SoC) for a details of state of charge estimation.
A daily profile of preferred generator start times and battery charge levels may be configured to
allow the PS1 to automatically start and stop the generator. The profile provides the flexibility to
accommodate for individual site characteristics such as renewable availability, usage patterns and
generator noise considerations.
Several PS1 settings are configured to divide the day into three periods (refer Figure 2):
•
Preferred Hour: The one hour when it is most preferable to run the generator. This is a
period starting at Begin Lvl 1 Hr, typically about 5 or 6pm. During this period the
generator is started if the battery is discharged below Level 1 SoC% to charge the
battery for overnight.
•
Preferred Period: The period when you prefer to run the generator if the battery state of
charge warrants it. The preferred period includes the preferred hour. This period starts at
Begin Lvl 2 hr and typically includes a large part of the day.
•
Non-Preferred Period: The period from Begin Lvl 3 Hr to Begin Lvl 2 Hr, when
you prefer the generator not to run. This period is usually overnight to avoid noise. During
this period the generator will be started only if the battery is seriously discharged (below
Level 3 SoC%) or if sustained heavy load occurs.
If the PS1 starts the generator within the non-preferred period it will run the generator for time
determined by the Gen:Min Run min setting. At other times, once the generator is started, it is
run until the battery is fully charged and the load drops to below the level set by the Gen:Min
Load kW setting.
If power is available from a renewable source, the generator is started only if the battery continues
to be discharged (the load exceeds the renewable supply). Typically the generator runs for a short
time infrequently.
The starting time for each of the periods (Begin Lvl 1 Hr , Begin Lvl 2 Hr and Begin
Lvl 3 Hr) can be set via the User menus. The battery state of charge levels (Level 1 SoC%
Level 2 SoC% and Level 3 SoC%) are set by the installer at the time of installation.
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The generator starting strategy depends on individual site requirements. In systems with high solar
contribution the Begin Lvl 2 hr could be delayed until later to provide an opportunity for solar
to charge the battery (see Figure 2 below).
SoC %
100
Level 1 SoC%
Level 1 SoC%
Gen. start
80
Level 2 SoC%
Power
Solar
Begin Lvl 1 Hr
kW
Load
Begin Lvl 3 Hr
Level 3 SoC%
Begin Lvl 2 Hr
60
Generator power
Non-preferred Period
12:00
Preferred Hour
24:00
Preferred Period
Figure 2 Typical Generator Day – High Solar
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In a generator/charger system, or systems with low solar contribution, this period would begin early
in the morning to start the generator and replace the charge used overnight (see Figure 3 below).
Level 1 SoC%
Gen. start
Level 2 SoC%
Gen. start
SoC %
100
Level 1 SoC%
80
Level 2 SoC%
Level 3 SoC%
60
Non-preferred
Period
Load
Solar
12:00
Preferred Hour
Begin Lvl 3 Hr
Generator power
Begin Lvl 1 Hr
Power
Begin Lvl2 Hr
kW
24:00
Preferred Period
Figure 3 Typical Generator Day – Low Solar
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Figure 4 illustrates a system with levels and times unsuited to the load requirements resulting in
failure to charge the battery adequately to accommodate the overnight load. The battery SoC falls
below the Level 3 threshold and the generator is started during the night to stop the battery
becoming excessively discharged. A better generator run strategy would be set the Level 1 or
Level 2 settings to cause a charge late in the day to fully charge the battery before the Level 3
period starts thus averting the generator start overnight.
SoC %
Level 3 SoC%
Gen. start
Level 2 SoC%
Gen. start
100
Level 1 SoC%
80
Level 2 SoC%
Level 3 SoC%
60
Non-preferred
Period
Load
Solar
12:00
Preferred Hour
Begin Lvl 3 Hr
Generator power
Begin Lvl 1 Hr
Begin Lvl2 Hr
Power
kW
Gen:Min Run
min
24:00
Preferred Period
Figure 4 Typical Generator Day – Overnight Load
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4.1.1.2
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Generator Scheduling
Two schedule types are available each with four configurable start times and durations.
•
Gen Run Schedule (Gen Run Schedule) for daily generator running intended to
accommodate day to day peak load periods. While the SoC method of generator control
(see §4.1.1.1 Generator Control based on SoC) is recommended to efficiently and reliably
maintain the battery charge, generator schedules may be used as an alternative generator
control method or as an adjunct to SoC control to cater for expected loads.
•
Backup Run Schedules (Backup Run Schedule) for emergency generator running
intended for use when the PS1 is in a shutdown state for an extended period due to some
abnormal condition as may be the case if the PS1 is unattended for long periods. The
backup schedule will periodically run the generator to power vital appliances such as
refrigerator or freezer etc.
Setting Run Schedules
Both Gen Run Schedules and Backup Run Schedules are configured by setting up to four start
times and associated run durations (see §6.2.4 Generator Schedules).
The start times may be set to any time but must be used in sequence; an unused start time
disables subsequent start times. For example, if two generator run periods per day are required
Start Time A and Start Time B must be used.
For each start time a generator run duration (Run Dur A - D) may be set in 15 minute
increments. The generator will run for the set duration regardless of other settings (except for a
duration of zero, see below). If start time/duration combinations cause an overlap in generator run
periods the generator will continue to run through both periods.
The run duration may be set to zero. The resultant operation differs for each schedule type as
follows:
Setting a Gen Run Schedule duration to zero either;
disables the associated start time if Scheduled Gen Run – Auto Stop is disabled,
or,
allows the generator to start at the scheduled time and automatically stop on completion of
a battery charge cycle and/or load power requirements if Scheduled Gen Run – Auto
Stop is enabled.
Setting a Backup Run Schedule duration to zero disables the associated start time (PS1 is in shut
down so cannot run a charge cycle).
Note: The Generator Schedule will override the generator minimum run time setting (Gen:Min
Run min). Consider the generator manufacturer’s recommendation regarding minimum run time
when setting schedules.
4.1.1.3
Generator Start - AC Load
The PS1 will automatically start and stop the generator based on the average power delivered to
the load over the time period of the limit. Two factory-configured and two installer configurable
settings (see §6.5.2 Generator settings) determine the power levels at which the generator will be
started.
•
The 30 second limit is factory set at 120% of the PS1 rating.
•
The 2 minute limit is factory set at 100% of the PS1 rating.
•
The 10 minute and 30 minute limits are installer configurable.
The generator will continue to run until the average load power falls below all start limits and all
other stop criteria are met (see §4.1.1.4 Generator Automatic Stopping).
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4.1.1.4
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Generator Automatic Stopping
The PS1 will automatically stop the generator when it is not required for charging the battery or
supplying the load.
If the generator is automatically started in the preferred period, the PS1 will stop it after completion
of a battery charge cycle unless:
•
A generator scheduled run is in progress (see §4.1.1.2 Generator Scheduling).
•
The average load kW exceeds one of the four configured start limits
(see §4.1.1.3 Generator Start - AC Load).
•
The minimum generator run time (Gen:Min Run min) has not expired
(see §6.3.2 Change Settings).
To prevent the generator running on light loads where efficiency is low, when the charge cycle is
complete, the PS1 will stop the generator if the power supplied by the generator to the load falls
below minimum value set by Gen:Min Load kW (see §6.5.2 Generator settings).
If the generator is automatically started in the non-preferred period, the generator will be stopped
after the minimum generator run time set by Gen:Min Run min.
4.1.2
Generator Manual Running
The generator can be manually controlled via:
•
The generator local controls. The PS1 automatic control enable signal (GEN_CNTLON/OFF) from the generator switch must be in the OFF position.
See §4.1.4 Generator Control Interface.
Note: To prevent reverse power flow into the generator, before manually stopping the
generator it is advisable to open the Generator AC Circuit Breaker and wait until the PS1
LEDs no longer indicate Inv Sync (see §5.4 Front Panel LEDs) . After the generator is
stopped, close the Generator Circuit Breaker ready for the next generator start. .
•
The OK pushbutton on the front panel (see §5.3.3 Generator Start/Stop – (OK Press &
Hold)). The PS1 automatic control enable signal (GEN_CNTL-ON/OFF) from the
generator switch must be in the ON position. See §4.1.4 Generator Control Interface.
•
A Remote Run input that can be wired from the PS1 to a switch in a convenient location
such as in a residence. Several such switches can be wired in parallel. The PS1
automatic control enable signal (GEN_CNTL-ON/OFF) from the generator switch must be
in the ON position. See §4.1.4 Generator Control Interface.
The Remote Run switch operates as follows:
•
A switch closure longer than 0.5 seconds and shorter than 2 seconds causes the PS1 to
start the generator. Another such closure stops it, else it is stopped automatically when the
battery reaches full charge and any sustained large load ceases. The switch is typically a
non-latching pushbutton.
•
A switch closure longer than 2 seconds causes the PS1 to start the generator, and stop it
when the switch is opened. The switch is typically a latching toggle.
Regardless of how the generator is started (manually or automatically), while the generator is
running the PS1 automatically charges the battery whenever sufficient generator power is available,
and when fully charged will hold the battery in float charge.
4.1.3
Generator Fault Recovery
If the PS1 fails three consecutive times to detect significant generator voltage for one minute after a
generator start or, if voltage is detected but fails to synchronise for five minutes, a Generator Fault
alarm will be asserted. The PS1 will then use the following sequence of generator start attempts:
•
After 15 minutes
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•
After 1 hour
•
Daily at the Begin Lvl 1 Hr (or 12 noon if Begin Lvl 1 Hr is disabled
A Gen Fail event will be generated and logged each time a start attempt fails.
Note: To allow the PS1 to immediately restart the generator switch the generator GEN_CNTLON/OFF switch to OFF then back to ON, use the OK pushbutton to start the generator, or manually
start the generator.
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4.1.4
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Generator Control Interface
The PS1 starts and stops the generator via the control signals shown below. The signals are wired
between the PS1 and the generator local control equipment. The PS1 supports several different
generator start/stop schemes, using some or all of the signals. The system supplier may modify
the generator local control equipment to create the signals, which may have different names within
the generator local control equipment.
REMOTE RUN
GEN_CNTL-ON/OFF
GEN RUN
GEN PULSE
GENERATOR
LOCAL
CONTROL
EQUIPMENT
PS1 INVERTER
GENERATOR
GEN FAULT
LOW FUEL
NO FUEL
Figure 5 Generator Control Signals
Below is a description of the interface operation, for specifications for the generator control interface
signals see Appendix A.2 Generator Control Interface Specification.
Generator Control On/Off Signal:
The Generator Control On/Off signal (GEN CNTL ON/OFF) indicates to the PS1 if the generator is
available for automatic control (ON) or not available (OFF). The signal typically comes from a
switch (often named AUTO/MAN or similar) on the generator local control equipment however, it
may come from other types of control equipment.
In the OFF position the generator is controlled locally via its own controls, and the PS1 will not try to
start or stop it. The front panel LEDs will indicate Gen Not Available (see §5.4 Front Panel LEDs).
In the ON position the generator is available for automatic control by the PS1 (see
§4.1.1Generator Automatic Running), for manual control via the PS1 OK pushbutton, and remote
control via the Remote Run input signal (see §4.1.2 Generator Manual Running).
Note: The PS1 may have been set up to not use this signal and assume the generator is always
available for control and hence will ignore this signal.
Generator Start/Stop Signals:
The PS1 uses the GEN RUN and GEN PULSE signals to start and stop the generator. One or
both of these signals may be used, depending on the generator local control equipment and PS1
setup:
•
If used, the GEN RUN signal remains active while the generator is to run and remains
inactive while the generator is not to run.
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•
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
If used, the GEN PULSE signal becomes active for a short period (“pulse”) to start and to
stop the generator, and is otherwise inactive. The duration of the pulse (typically several
seconds), and the relative timing between the GEN RUN and GEN PULSE signals where
both are used, is determined by PS1 settings configured during installation.
Generator Status Signals:
The GEN FAULT signal indicates a generator fault such as low oil pressure or overheating. The
actual conditions and recommended action should be listed in the generator or site documentation.
If the signal becomes active, the PS1 stops the generator. The PS1 front panel LEDs will indicate
Gen Fault (see §5.4 Front Panel LEDs). When the generator fault is fixed and the GEN FAULT
signal becomes inactive the PS1 will be restart the generator
(see §4.1.3 Generator Fault Recovery ).
The LOW FUEL signal indicates that the fuel tank needs filling as soon as possible. If the signal
becomes active, the PS1 raises a Non Urgent alarm (see §4.5 Inverter External Alarm).
The NO FUEL signal indicates that the generator is out of fuel. If the signal becomes active, the
PS1 stops the generator and raises an Urgent alarm (see §4.5 Inverter External Alarm). The PS1
front panel LEDs will indicate Gen Abnormal Stop (see §5.4 Front Panel LEDs).
4.1.5
Synchronisation
Whenever the generator and PS1 are both operating, the PS1 automatically synchronises to the
generator (adjusts its AC voltage and frequency to match the generator output) and controls the
power flow as described below. This occurs regardless of how the generator started (manually or
automatically). The PS1 will not synchronise to the generator, nor close its relevant contactor, if the
generator AC voltage or frequency is out of tolerance.
Once synchronised, the PS1 will close the Generator Contactor and the front panel LEDs will show
Inv:Sync. If the generator AC voltage or frequency become out of tolerance the PS1 will switch to
standalone mode and try to resynchronize. If unsuccessful for 5 minutes a Generator Fault alarm is
asserted and an automatic restart sequence started (see §4.1.3 Generator Fault Recovery).
To prevent the PS1 trying to stay synchronised to a generator that is spinning down, before
manually stopping the generator it is advisable to open the Generator Circuit Breaker and wait until
the PS1 LEDs no longer show Inv Sync. Similarly, if the PS1 automatically stops the generator it
will not try to re-synchronise to the generator for several minutes while it spins down. After this
period if generator voltage is still detected at the PS1 resynchronization will be attempted.
4.2 System Power Flow
4.2.1
No Generator/PS1 switched ON
While the PS1 and generator are both off, the AC Contactor and Generator Contactor are both
open. If the PS1 is then switched on (see §5.3 Inverter ON/OFF Pushbutton) it draws power from
the renewable and battery to generate AC voltage at nominal voltage and frequency, and closes its
AC contactor to supply the load.
4.2.2
PS1 ON/ Generator Started
While the PS1 is on with no generator voltage present, the AC Contactor remains closed and its
Generator Contactor remains open. If generator voltage is detected by the PS1 (e.g. due to
generator startup), it synchronises to the generator voltage (adjusts its AC voltage and frequency to
match the generator output) then closes its Generator Contactor. At this stage all of the load power
is supplied from the PS1 and zero power is drawn from the generator. The PS1 then gradually
transfers load onto the generator over a period of 30 to 90 seconds until the power supplied by the
inverter is zero. Power is then drawn from the generator to charge the battery.
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4.2.3
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Generator ON/PS1 switched ON
If the generator is running with the PS1 switched off, the AC Contactor is open, and the Generator
Contactor is closed while generator voltage is present, so the generator supplies the load. If the
PS1 is then switched on, it synchronises to the generator voltage (adjusts its AC voltage and
frequency to match those of the generator) then closes its AC Contactor, and draws generator
power to charge the battery.
4.2.4
Load Sharing
While the PS1 and generator are both on and synchronised, the PS1 charges the battery while the
load is below the generator power rating. If the load exceeds the generator rating, the PS1 does
not charge the battery but draws power from it, adding its power output to that of the generator to
supply the load, and limiting the power drawn from the generator.
4.2.5
Reverse Power
If the generator trips while running, for example due to running out of fuel or being manually
stopped, then AC power may flow into the generator. This is not a desirable condition. The PS1
detects this condition and opens its Generator Contactor.
4.2.6
Reactive Power
Reactive power flow (kVAr) occurs when the AC current in a circuit is out of phase with the AC
voltage. Reactive power flow consists of energy flowing back and forth in consecutive AC half
cycles. It performs no useful function, and increases the current above that due to real power flow
(kW) alone, so causing increased power loss and heating which may limit the real power available.
Reactive power flow occurs in reactive system loads such as induction motors. The PS1 shares
such reactive flows with the generator, by controlling the AC output voltage.
The amount of reactive power flow can be monitored using parameters Inv kVAr and Gen kVAr
(see §6.2.1.1 View Diagnostics ).
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4.3
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Battery Management
Please refer to the battery manufacturer’s documentation for recommendations regarding
settings for your particular battery. Inappropriate settings may have a detrimental affect on
your battery life and performance.
The PS1 provides comprehensive battery management settings to allow a charge regime to
achieve optimal battery life. Battery charger setting may be configured in the Installer section of the
menus. See §6.5.5 Charger Settings
PS1 battery management features include:
•
Five stage charge cycle: Initial, Bulk (0-90%), Absorption (90%~100%), Float and
Equalise.
•
Charging capability to PS1 continuous rating.
•
Charging initiated by battery voltage, battery state of charge, or both.
•
Shutdown on very low battery voltage, battery state of charge, or both.
•
Temperature compensation of charging voltage based on battery temperature.
The PS1 may be configured to automatically start the generator when a battery charge cycle is
required. Refer to §4.1.1.1 Generator Control based on SoC for details of automatically running
the generator to charge the battery based on the state of charge.
4.3.1
Battery Charger Operation
The PS1 charges the battery in a five-stage cycle with each stage controlled by voltage, current
and time settings. These settings are fully configurable in your unit (see §6.5.5 Charger Settings)
however they should not require changing after initial installation unless some aspect of the battery
installation changes. The configured value of each setting can be viewed on the LCD display (see
§6.2.3 View Settings ).
During stage 1 (initial), the PS1 charges at the initial charging current (Init:Chrg A) until the
battery voltage rises to the Initial Charge voltage (Init:Chrg V), holds this voltage for
Init:Time mins, then starts the Bulk stage.
During stage 2 (Bulk), the PS1 charges at the bulk charge current (Bulk:Chrg A) until the Bulk
Charge voltage (Bulk:Chrg V) is reached, then holds this voltage for at least Bulk:Time mins
and until the battery is approaching a high state of charge as indicated by the rate of change of
charging current falling to Chrg:End A/15m ). The Absorption stage is then started.
During stage 3 (Absorption), the PS1 supplies a constant current Absorb:Chrg A to the battery
while ensuring Absorb:Chrg V is not exceeded. The Absorption stage will continue for
Absorb:Time mins. At completion of this stage the charger will enter the Float stage unless a
battery Equalise cycle is due, in which case an Equalise cycle will complete before entering Float.
During stage 4 (Float), the PS1 attempts to hold the battery voltage at Float:Hold V.
Periodically, as set by Eqlise:Freq Day, the PS1 performs a equalise charge in which the
battery is held at a higher voltage between Eqlise:Chrg V and Eqlise:Limit V for several
hours (Eqlise:Time hrs). This restores to full charge any partially discharged cells in the series
battery bank. To disable the Equalise function Eqlise:Time hrs may be set to zero. The
Equalise cycle will be automatically delayed by one day for each day the battery has been in Float
for time set during installation.
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Eqlise:Limit V
Absorb:Chrg V
Eqlise:Chrg V
Battery Voltage
Bulk:Chrg V
Init:Chrg V
Float:Hold V
Absorb:Time mins
Init:Time mins
Init:Chrg A
Time
Battery Currentt
Bulk:Chrg A
Absorb:Chrg A
Eqlise:Chrg A
(Equalise)
Initial
Absorb
Bulk
Generator Available
Figure 6
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Battery Load
Float
Battery Charging Cycle
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4.3.2
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Temperature Compensation
The PS1 monitors the battery temperature via the sensor provided and compensates the charge
voltage set points for improved battery management. This improves battery performance and
prevents battery overheating. The battery temperature sensor is mounted in thermal contact with
the centre of the side of a battery. The compensation applied is --5mV/°C/cell with zero
compensation at 20°C.
4.3.3
Battery State of Charge (SoC)
The PS1 may be configured to automatically start the generator and initiate a charge cycle based
on the battery state of charge (SoC). The PS1 has no direct means of measuring the battery state
of charge; it uses measurements of the currents flowing in and out of the battery to estimate the
charge remaining in the battery. The resultant net current is expressed as a percentage of the
battery size set in the PS1 (Batt Size Ah).
Current into the battery during a charge cycle and current measured on either of the shunts, when
configured as Renewable, add to the battery state of charge estimate.
Current out of the battery to supply the load and current measured on either of the shunts, when
configured as Load, deduct from the battery state of charge estimate.
If the shunt is configured as Renewable (+) and Load (--) the net result is added to the battery state
of charge estimate.
At completion of charge cycle the battery SoC based on the estimation will be close to 100%, if it is
greater the estimate will be adjusted to 100%.
It is important that the battery manufacturer’s recommendation be adhered to for ongoing
monitoring and maintenance of batteries.
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4.4
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Renewable Management
The PS1 feeds renewable power to the AC load, and any excess is stored in the battery for later
usage. If the battery is fully charged and the DC load is not on, the excess is wasted (the
renewable power is reduced or disconnected by the regulator). Such waste can be reduced by
reducing the level to which the generator charges the battery, or particularly for solar renewable, by
not running the generator in the morning.
If battery charging is in progress and renewable output increases sufficiently to cause the generator
charge power to become negative when averaged over 2 minutes, the PS1 terminates the charge
cycle. If equalize charging was in progress, it is terminated and rescheduled for the next day Such
conditions occur when renewable output exceeds the sum of the load demand plus the required
charge power.
4.4.1
Renewable Connection
The following diagrams are indicative only. See §8.1 Inverter External Wiring for installation details
and recommendations.
As shown in the diagram below, the regulator output and the battery are connected in parallel, via
the PS1 Shunt 1 which may be used to measure the renewable current.
:
BATT
POS
Battery
Fuses
BATT
NEG
POS
Shunt 1
input
Renewable
source
+
Regulator
+
--
--
+
AC
Load
-PS1
Shunt 1
(internal)
NEG
Fuses
RENEW
NEG
Shunt 2
input
POS NEG
Figure 7 Renewable Connection
4.4.2
Shunt Connections
The PS1 provides one internal shunt connected between the Renewable Negative and Battery
Negative terminals as shown in Figure 8 above. There are two pairs of shunt inputs (Shunt 1 and
Shunt 2) for connection of the internal or external shunts. As standard the PS1 internal shunt is
internally connected to the Shunt 1 input however this may be disconnected to allow the Shunt 1
input to be wired to an external shunt. The Shunt 2 input is also available for connection to an
external shunt. See §8.1.6 Shunt Wiring for details of shunt connections.
Both Shunt 1 and Shunt 2 can be wired and configured to monitor a renewable source, a DC load
or both simultaneously resulting in a net current reading. See §6.5.4 Shunt Settings for details of
configuration options.
In Figure 8 below the internal shunt is used to monitor the renewable source using an internal shunt
via shunt input 1.. The Shunt 1 menu setting is configured to Renewable ON and DC Load OFF
hence will interpret the measure current as a renewable source current. A DC load connected to
the battery and regulator can be monitored by the PS1 using an external shunt via shunt input 2.
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The Shunt 2 menu setting is configured to DC Load ON and Renewable OFF and hence will
interpret the measure current as a load current.
BATT
POS
Battery
Fuses
BATT
NEG
POS
+
AC
Load
-PS1
Shunt 1
(internal)
Renewable
source
+
Regulator
+
NEG
Fuses
Shunt 2
input
--
--
POS NEG
DC Load
Shunt
+
--
Figure 8 Monitoring Renewable and DC Load
In Figure 9 below the internal shunt is used to monitor the renewable source and the DC load
using an internal shunt via shunt input 1. The Shunt 1 menu setting is configured to Renewable
ON and DC Load ON and hence will interpret a positive measure current as a renewable source
current and a negative measured current as a load current. The overall result is the net current into
the battery.
BATT
POS
Battery
Fuses
BATT
NEG
POS
+
AC
Load
-PS1
Shunt 1
(internal)
Renewable
source
+
Regulator
+
NEG
Fuses
--
--
Shunt 2
input
POS
DC Load
NEG
+
--
Figure 9 Monitoring Net Current with Shunt 1
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4.5
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Inverter External Alarm
The PS1 provides a single alarm output which can be wired to an external alarm buzzer or light etc.
An urgent alarm is indicated by a continuous ON condition and a non-urgent alarm is indicated by a
slow intermittent ON condition. If the PS1 is shutdown or OFF the urgent alarm output is be
asserted.
NON-URGENT conditions can be prevented from raising the alarm, via the LCD displays (see
§6.3.2.1 Advanced User Settings Alarm Out setting).
The URGENT and NON-URGENT alarms are also separately indicated on the front panel LEDs
(see §5.4 Front Panel LEDs). Short term and long term event counters are provided and the users
may set limits for each to generate alarms. Refer to settings S/Term Count and L/Term Count
(§6.2.1.1 View Diagnostics) and S/Term Limit and L/Term Limit §6.3.2.1
Advanced User Settings.
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PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
5 PS1 Controls
All controls required to operate the PS1 are located on the front panel. This section describes the
functionality and use of each of the controls.
5.1 Overview of PS1 Controls
The following system management facilities are used to manage the system:
•
The front panel ON/OFF pushbutton (see §5.3.1ON/OFF Pushbutton).
•
The front panel Circuit Breakers (see §5.2 Circuit Breakers).
•
The front panel LEDs, showing normal and abnormal operating states
(see §5.4 Front Panel LEDs).
•
The front panel Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) and associated pushbuttons. These allow
you to view measured and calculated values such as battery voltage and load power,
adjust system operation by editing relevant settings such as desired battery charging
currents and generator running times and to manually start and stop the generator,
(see §5.3 User Interface).
•
The Urgent and Non-urgent alarms, providing remote system alarm annunciations (see
§4.5 Inverter External Alarm).
Figure 10
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PS1 Front View
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5.2 Circuit Breakers
The PS1 has three manually operated circuit breakers on the front panel (see below).
The circuit breakers are:
•
The DC Circuit Breaker which switches the battery and renewable source to the PS1. It
is comprised of two ganged units for sufficient current rating. The circuit breaker will not
close if the battery voltage is too high, too low or of reversed polarity. This circuit breaker
will trip for various conditions including extremely low battery voltage, some internal faults,
and 15 minutes after the PS1 is switched off via its ON/OFF pushbutton.
•
The Generator Circuit Breaker which switches the Generator AC to the PS1.
•
The Load Circuit Breaker which switches the load to the PS1.
The circuit breakers incorporate over-current trip to protect the PS1 from electrical faults.
Figure 11 PS1 Circuit Breakers
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5.3 User Interface
The PS1 Front panel includes a Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) and four associated pushbuttons
for configuration and control of the PS1, plus one ON/OFF pushbutton
.
ON/OFF
Configuration Pushbuttons
Figure 12
LCD Display
Inverter Pushbuttons
The LCD display and pushbuttons are the main method of managing the PS1, they allow you to:
•
View measured and calculated values such as battery voltage and load power Readings
(see §6.2.1 View Readings).
•
View Summary Readings of measured system cumulative energy
(see §6.2.2 Summary Readings).
•
View system settings (see §6.2.3 View Settings).
•
View and change Generator schedules (see §6.2.4 Generator Schedules).
•
Change settings to adjust the system operation (see §6 User Edit Menus).
•
View system diagnostics such as battery and inverter temperatures and event counters
(see §6.2.1.1 View Diagnostics).
•
View logged events (see §6.2.4 Event Log).
•
Manually start and stop the generator (see §5.3.3 Generator Start/Stop).
•
With appropriate access allow installer settings to be configured
(see §6.5 Installer Menus).
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5.3.1
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
ON/OFF Pushbutton
Successive presses of the ON/OFF pushbutton switches the PS1 on or off.
When the PS1 is switched on:
•
The LCD will display a request to close the DC Circuit Breaker.
•
The AC Contactor closes automatically to supply the load.
When the PS1 is switched off:
•
The AC Contactor automatically opens, so no power can flow through the PS1 in either
direction.
•
Some internal electronics continue to function, consuming a small amount of standby DC
power.
•
The DC Circuit Breaker trips after 15 minutes to reduce battery discharge. Renewable
power can still charge the battery.
•
The Generator Contactor closes whenever generator voltage is present, enabling the
generator to supply the load.
5.3.2
Pushbuttons & Navigation
Four pushbuttons are used to navigate the menu structure and select settings. The functionality of
each button is context sensitive. The LCD displays the button function directly above the relevant
button depending on the particular menu being accessed. In general, the UP and DOWN buttons
are used to scroll through available screens, the OK button
a particular screen or option and the MENU button
return to the top level of the particular menu structure.
is used to select
is used to exit the current screen and
In screens without button function information displayed (eg within View Readings) the UP and
DOWN buttons
button
may be used to scroll through the available screens, the MENU
may be used to exit the current menu and return to the associated top level menu.
may be used at to start/stop the generator
The OK button
(see §5.3.3 Generator Start/Stop).
5.3.3
Generator Start/Stop – (OK Press & Hold)
The generator may be started or stopped using the OK button when the LCD is in a non-EDIT or
Event display (no EDIT in LCD above OK button). To start or stop the generator press and hold
the OK button for one second then release.
When EDIT Displays (EDIT in LCD above OK button) are on the LCD, the OK pushbutton is used
to operate the displays so does not control the generator.
See §4.1.2 Generator Manual Running.
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5.4 Front Panel LEDs
Several LEDs are provided on the PS1 front panel to indicate operation and system fault conditions
as described below. Each LED uses steady state and two flash rates to show various conditions.
LED Flash Rate Legend
LED ON
No Flash
LEDs
RAPS
10kW 48V
View Readings
PREV|NEXT
OK
Slow
1s ON,
0.4s OFF
Fast
0.2sON,
0.2s OFF
16:59
|EVNT
When the PS1 is switched on via its ON/OFF pushbutton, all the LEDs illuminate briefly then
Figure 13 Front Panel LEDs
display an upward moving flashing pattern while the PS1 performs a self-test to check for internal
faults. If the LEDs remain off, the PS1 failed to start.
If the PS1 passes self-test, the top LED is steady illuminated to indicate System OK, and the other
seven LEDs indicate various operating states according to their panel labels. The indicated states
can include successful operation and also abnormalities such as over temperature and shutdown
etc, as described in the table below.
If the PS1 self-test detects a fault, it will not pass power, and the top LED on the panel flashes to
indicate an Inverter Fault. The LCD will display the Self Test Fail message and a fault code that
identifies the fault. Make a note of the fault code then contact your supplier for further instructions.
The panel labelling for the LEDs does not apply in this situation.
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PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
LED 1 displays the system status
LEDs 2 – 4 display the system
operating state
LEDs 5 – 8 display shutdown and
abnormal conditions
Figure 14 LED Functions
Each LED has three labels on the panel as shown above. In general the top four green LEDs
indicate operational states and the lower four red/yellow LEDs indicate system fault conditions. The
table below identifies the PS1 system status for each LED condition.
SYSTEM STATUS
NOTES/SUGGESTED ACTION
INDICA
TION
ON
System OK.
No action required.
Slow
Flash
System Fault
Fast
Flash
Inverter Fault
OFF
The PS1 is switched OFF
ON
Inverter – Standalone
No action required.
The PS1 is running independent of the
attached generator and AC output is
available at the terminals.
Note: the PS1 will remain in
Standalone mode and this LED will
not flash if the inverter cannot
synchronise to the generator because
the generator voltage or frequency is
out of tolerance (see §4.1.5
Synchronisation). If generator
synchronisation is expected and is not
achieved.
See §11 Inverter Troubleshooting.
Inverter – Sync
No action required.
The PS1 is shutdown and not
available to supply the load because it
is in a fault state or recovering from an
overload.
The PS1 has detected an internal fault
during self test.
LED 2
LED 1 (Top)
Normal operation
Slow
Flash
The lower four LEDs (5 – 8) will show
the reason for the shutdown. Refer to
notes associated with these LEDs for
further recommended action.
Try to restart the inverter. Record the
fault code indicated on the LCD and
then contact your supplier for further
instructions.
The PS1 is correctly synchronised to
the generator.
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PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
No action required.
Inverter – Power Save
OFF
This is not a normal condition for this
LED. It may be OFF if an error
conditions exists.
Refer to other LEDs for error
condition.
ON
Renewable Charging
No action required.
The Renewable source is contributing
charge to the battery. The battery
charging process is presently in the
Initial, Bulk or Absorption phases of
charging.
See §4.3 Battery Management for
details.
Slow
Flash
Float
No action required.
The Renewable source is contributing
charge to the battery. The battery
charging process is presently in the
Float phase.
See §4.3 Battery Management for
details.
Fast
Flash
Equalise
No action required.
The Renewable source is contributing
charge to the battery. The battery
charging process is presently in the
Equalise phase.
See §4.3 Battery Management for
details.
OFF
The Renewable source is not
contributing charge to the battery.
If Renewable contribution is
See §11 Inverter Troubleshooting.
ON
Generator Charging
No action required.
The Generator is contributing charge
to the battery. The battery charging
process is presently in the Initial, Bulk
or Absorption phases of charging.
See §4.3 Battery Management for
details.
Slow
Flash
Float
No action required.
The Generator is contributing charge
to the battery. The battery charging
process is presently in the Float
phase.
See §4.3 Battery Management for
details.
Fast
Flash
Equalise
No action required.
The Generator is contributing charge
to the battery. The battery charging
process is presently in the Equalise
phase.
See §4.3 Battery Management for
details.
OFF
The Generator is not contributing
charge to the battery.
If Generator contribution is expected
See §11 Inverter Troubleshooting.
LED 4
LED 3
Fast
Flash
To save power the PS1 has reverted
to a standby mode ready to provide an
AC output at the terminals when a
load is detected.
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ON
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Battery Discharge
See §11 Inverter Troubleshooting.
Indicates the PS1 has shutdown due
to excessively discharged battery
Low DC
Indicates the PS1 has shutdown due
to battery under-voltage. This usually
occurs when the generator is
unavailable to charge the battery.
LED 5
Slow
Flash
Fast
Flash
High DC
Indicates that the PS1 has shut down
due to battery over-voltage. The
shutdown threshold is set during
installation.
Refer to LED 7 for generator
availability.
Check the battery voltage in View
Readings display.
Note: the battery voltage reading may
rise substantially higher due to
reduced load when the PS1 is
shutdown.
Check the battery voltage and causes
for overcharge.
The PS1 will restart when the voltage
falls to within tolerance.
OFF
Normal Condition
No action required.
ON
Over Temperature
Overheating may be due to sustained
high load, faulty cooling fans, blocked
ventilation, or high ambient
temperature.
LED 7
LED 6
Indicates that the PS1 has shut down
due to overheating. A heatsink
temperature of 100°C or transformer
temperature of 130°C will cause a
shutdown.
It will automatically restart when it has
cooled sufficiently.
Slow
Flash
Generator Frequency Error
Check generator operation
Fast
Flash
Generator Voltage Error
Check generator operation
OFF
Normal Condition
No action required.
ON
Generator Not Available
If the Generator is required to
automatically start check the
GEN_CNTL-ON/OFF switch is in the
ON position.
Indicates that the generator is not
available for automatic startup i.e. the
generator GEN_CNTL-ON/OFF
switch is in the OFF position (see
§4.1.1Generator Automatic Running).
Check that the generator is
operational. Check that the Generator
Circuit Breaker is closed.
With the generator GEN_CNTLON/OFF switch in the OFF position,
try starting the generator manually via
the controls at the generator. Is the
generator starting battery flat?
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PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Generator Fault
Fix the generator problem.
Indicates that the PS1 has stopped
the generator because the generators
GEN FAULT signal indicated a
generator fault (see §4.1.4
Generator Control Interface), or the
PS1 could not start the generator and
will commence a generator restart
sequence.
§4.1.1Generator Automatic Running).
Refer to generator manufacturers
documentation
Generator Abnormal Stop
Fix the generator problem.
Indicates that the generator stopped
unexpectedly while running under PS1
control. The most likely cause is that it
ran out of fuel.
Refer to generator manufacturers
documentation
OFF
Normal Condition
No action required.
ON
Non Urgent Alarm
Refer to other front panel LEDs,
Readings and Diagnostics screens for
fault identification.
Slow
Flash
Fast
Flash
LED 8
Indicates conditions where the PS1
system is functional but may require
attention.
Slow
Flash
Urgent Alarm
Indicates the PS1 system is nonfunctional or is likely to shut down in
the near future.
The PS1 will attempt to restart the
generator in 15 minutes then
commence a generator restart
sequence.
§4.1.1Generator Automatic Running).
Check whether the generators NO
FUEL signal is active (see §4.1.4
Generator Control Interface) which
would cause the PS1 to stop the
generator. Refill the fuel tank.
See §5.4 Front Panel LEDs
Refer to other front panel LEDs,
Readings and Diagnostics screens for
fault identification.
See §5.4 Front Panel LEDs
Fast
Flash
Charge Required
Indicates the battery requires charging
but the generator is not available.
Check why generator is unavailable.
The GEN_CNTL-ON/OFF switch may
be in the OFF position.
§4.1.1Generator Automatic Running
OFF
Normal Condition
No action required.
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PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
6 PS1 Menus
6.1
User Menu Structure
The PS1 provides two levels of menus to configure and manage the system. User Menus that are
used for day to day operation of the system and Installer Menus that are used to set up the system
and thereafter are not generally required by or accessible to the user. This section of the manual
describes the both levels,
The diagram below shows the menus structure for the PS1 settings and readings. The View
Readings menu is the home menu and will be displayed when the PS1 has completed power up.
and associated LCD text to navigate the
Use the four pushbuttons
menu structure. Refer to §5.3.2 Pushbuttons & Navigation).
The View Readings, Summary Readings, View Diagnostics, View Settings, Generator Schedules
and Event Log menus allow viewing of system settings, readings and event history without the
possibility of inadvertent modification. The information provided in these screens is sufficient to
monitor the day to day system operation and resolve system problems. See
§6.2 User View Menus
The Change Settings, Advanced Settings and Changes Schedules menu allow modification of the
PS1 User settings and generator run schedules. See §6.3 User Edit Menus.
The Battery Settings, Generator Settings, AC Output Settings, Shunt Settings, Charger Settings
and Advanced Charger Settings menus are only accessible with installer access.
See §6.5 Installer Menus.
Your maintenance provider may ask you to extract information from these menus for remote
diagnostic purposes. Familiarly with this information, while not mandatory for system operation, will
greatly enhance your ability to respond to any problems that may arise.
Event Log 6.4
Charger Settings 6.5.5
Shunt Settings 6.5.4
MENU|EVNT|
AC Output Settings 6.5.3
Advanced Charger
Settings 6.5.5.1
Generator Settings 6.5.2
Battery Settings 6.5.1
Generator Schedules 6.2.4
Change Settings 6.3.2
PREV|NEXT
View Settings 6.2.3
Change Schedules 6.3.1
Summary Readings 6.2.2
View Readings 6.2.1
Advanced Settings
6.3.2.1
View Diagnostics 6.2.1.1
User View Menus
User Edit Menus
Installer Menus
Figure 15 PS1 Menu Structure
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Page 40 of 108
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PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
6.2 User View Menus
User View Menus allow viewing of the PS1 Readings, Settings and Schedules. To change
Settings and Schedules see §6.3 User Edit Menus.
6.2.1
View Readings
The Readings screens provide measured and calculated values of all significant system
parameters. Most of the screens show four values. They provide an extensive view of the systems
operation and include measured values such as voltages and currents, and values calculated by
the PS1 from such measurements. For convenience the readings are grouped with related
readings hence some readings are repeated in a number of places.
RAPS
10kW 48V
View Readings
PREV|NEXT
16:59
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|EVNT
The values shown below are for illustration purposes only, actual values displayed will depend on
PS1 operating conditions.
Batt
Batt
Batt
Load
Volts
Amps
SoC%
kW
51.2
-3.3
96.5
1.35
View Readings=>
Batt Volts: measured DC battery voltage.
Note: Even with a good quality battery the voltage
may rise substantially during charging and fall soon
after charging ends.
Batt Amps: is the measured battery dc current
including inverter current and shunt currents.
Positive current charges battery, negative current
discharges battery
Batt SoC%: is the estimated battery state of charge
as a percentage of Batt Size Ah setting. The
value is near 100% when the battery is in a high
state of charge and will decrease as the battery is
discharged. During charging, the value may go
above 100%, this will be reset to 100% at completion
of the charge cycle. See §4.3.3 Battery State of
Charge (SoC).
Load kW: is the measured AC power currently
delivered to the load. It is the sum of the power
being provided by the generator power and the
power being provided by the inverter.
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Load kWh/Day
Load kW
Gen kW
Inv kW
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
1.81
1.35
1.68
-0.33
View Readings=>
Load kWh/Day: measured average energy
supplied per day for the past seven days. See
§6.2.2 Summary Readings for accumulated load
energy total.
Load kW: is the measured AC power currently
delivered to the load. It is the sum of the power
being provided by the generator power and the
power being provided by the inverter.
Gen kW: is the measured AC power from the
generator (load power plus power to charge battery).
See §6.2.2 Summary Readings for accumulated
generator energy total.
Inv kW: is the measured AC power from the
inverter. Positive is discharging the batteries and
negative is charging the batteries.
Batt SoC%
Inv Amp
Shunt1 Amp
Shunt2 Amp
96.5
3.3
0.0
0.0
View Readings=>
Batt SoC: is the estimated battery state of charge
as a percentage of Batt Size Ah setting. The
value is near 100% when the battery is in a high
state of charge and will decrease as the battery is
discharged. During charging, the value may go
above 100%, this will be reset to 100% at completion
of the charge cycle. See §4.3.3 Battery State of
Charge (SoC).
Inv Amps: is the measured inverter dc current.
Positive current charges battery, negative current
discharges battery
Shunt 1 Amp: is the measured current through
Shunt 1. The PS1 may interpret this current as a DC
load current (negative) or a renewable source current
(positive) depending on the configuration for Shunt 1.
See §6.2.2 Summary Readings for accumulated
Shunt 1 energy total.
Shunt 2 Amp: is the measured current through
Shunt 2. The PS1 may interpret this current either as
a DC load current (negative) or a renewable source
current (positive) depending on the configuration for
Shunt 2.
See §6.2.2 Summary Readings for accumulated
Shunt 2 energy total.
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Inv
Inv
Gen
Gen
VAC
Hz
VAC
Hz
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
249
50.02
249
50.02
View Readings=>
Inv VAC: is the measured inverter AC voltage
Inv Hz: is the measured inverter operating
frequency
Gen VAC: is the measured generator AC voltage
Gen Hz: is the measured generator frequency
Days to Eqlise
PREV|NEXT
6.2.1.1
7
|MENU
View Readings=>
Days to Eqlise: the number of days remaining
before the battery will be Equalised
(see §4.3 Battery Management).
View Diagnostics
The diagnostics readings provide an insight into the system performance and operating conditions.
RAPS
10kW 48V
View Diagnostics
PREV|NEXT
Heatsink C
Transformer C
Batt C
Internal C
22
22
21
22
16:59
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|EVNT
View Diagnostics=>
Heatsink C: measured PS1 internal heatsink
temperature. The PS1 will start the fans at heatsink
temperature of 50°C, start the generator and transfer
load at 70°C and shut down at a heatsink
temperature of 100°C. The inverter will restart at
85°C.
Transformer C: measured internal transformer
temperature. The PS1 will start the fans at
transformer temperature of 70°C, start the generator
and transfer load at 100°C and shut down at a
transformer temperature of 130°C. The inverter will
restart at 115°C.
Battery C: measured battery temperature from
the battery temperature sensor. The reading is used
to compensate battery charge settings.
See §4.3.2 Temperature Compensation).
Internal C: measured internal temperature.
If shutdown temperatures are approached refer to
the troubleshooting section.
See §11 Inverter Troubleshooting.
© Selectronic Australia 2005
Document PC0009 Revision 02
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Inv
Inv
Gen
Gen
kW
kVAr
kW
kVAr
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
-0.33
-0.32
0.47
0.37
View Diagnostics=>
Inv kW: is the measured AC output power from the
inverter.
Inv kVAr: is the measured reactive power from the
inverter.
Gen kW: is the measured AC power from the
generator.
Gen kVAr: is the measured reactive power from the
generator.
Gen:Avail kW
Gen kW
Delta Gen Hz
Gen Hz
8.33
0.47
0.00
50.01
View Diagnostics=>
Gen:Avail kW: is the estimated power available
from the generator based on the Gen:Max kW
setting and the variation of generator output voltage
and frequency from nominal. As the generator load
exceeds generator capacity to deliver power the
output voltage and/or frequency will reduce. The
PS1 will adjust the power drawn from the generator
to maintain nominal voltage and frequency.
Gen kW: is the measured AC power from the
generator.
Delta Gen Hz: the estimated variation in generator
output frequency.
Gen Hz: measured generator output frequency.
30s
2min
10min
30min
Avg
Avg
Avg
Avg
kW
kW
kW
kW
8.50
3.57
3.12
1.45
View Diagnostics=>
30s Avg kW: is the measured load power averaged
over the last 30 seconds. The resolution is
approximately 0.5kW
2min Avg kW: is the measured load power
averaged over the last 2 minutes.
10min Avg kW: is the measured load power
averaged over the last 10 minutes.
30min Avg kW: is the measured load power
averaged over the last 30 minutes.
The 10 minute and 30 minute average load power
may be set by the installer to trigger a generator
starting. See §6.2.3 View Settings
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Document PC0009 Revision 02
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S/Term Count
L/Term Count
PREV|NEXT
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
0
0
RESET|
View Diagnostics=>
S/Term Count: the Short Term count is a
continuous count of minor abnormal system events.
The count is reduced by one every 15 minutes. A
high frequency of such events may indicate a system
problem.
L/Term Count: the Long Term count is a
continuous count of minor abnormal system events.
The count is reduced by one every 6 hours.
Limits may be set for each of these counts. An
Urgent alarm will be generated if the S/Term count
exceeds the configured limits (see §6.3.2.1
Advanced User Settings ). The system will shutdown
for 15 minutes and then restart to clear the problem.
A Non Urgent alarm will be generated if the L/Term
threshold is exceeded. The system will not
shutdown due to this threshold.
Pressing RESET will clear both counters to zero and
clear the alarms.
See event information in Appendix B.2.
Sys Shtdwn
Ovr/Load Count
PREV|NEXT
0
0
|MENU
View Diagnostics=>
Sys Shtdwn: the System Shutdown will be one if
the PS1 is in shutdown state and zero if the PS1 is
operational. An automatic system restart will be
attempted 15 minutes after shutdown.
Ovr/Load Count : the Over Load count is the
number of inverter overloads. The counter is
reduced by one (1) every 15 minutes and hence is
an indication of recent inverter overloads
These counters can only be reset in Advanced User
Settings with installer access enabled.
V1.xx 10kW 48V
PS1 RAP xx 28-02-05
PREV|NEXT
6.2.2
16:59
View Diagnostics=>
|MENU
Software version information. This information will be
required when reporting any issues.
Summary Readings
The Summary Readings screens provide the cumulative measured energy usage/contribution for
each of the energy loads and sources over the lifetime of the PS1.
RAPS
10kW 48V
Summary Readings
PREV|NEXT
© Selectronic Australia 2005
16:59
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|EVNT
Document PC0009 Revision 02
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PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
The values shown below are for illustration purposes only, actual values displayed will depend on
PS1 operating conditions.
Load kWh
Gen kWh
Shunt 1 kWh
Shunt 2 kWh
1358
481
560
-128
Summary Readings=>
Load kWh: cumulative measured energy supplied to
the load.
Gen kWh: cumulative measured energy supplied by
the generator.
Shunt 1 kWh: cumulative net energy measured on
shunt 1.
Shunt 2 kWh: cumulative net energy measured on
shunt 2.
Note: Shunts may be configured as DC Load
(negative kWh) and/or Renewable (positive kWh).
Batt In kWh
Batt Out kWh
Gen Run Hrs
PREV|NEXT
1025
1005
56
|MENU
Summary Readings=>
Batt In kWh: cumulative measured energy
supplied to the battery.
Batt Out kWh: cumulative measured energy
supplied by the battery.
Gen Run Hrs: cumulative generator run time.
6.2.3
View Settings
The View Settings screens provide access to see settings that control the PS1 operation. They
provide an extensive view of the systems current configuration. To prevent unintended changes,
settings cannot be changed in the View Settings menus.
The majority of settings are configured as part of the installation procedure and are not alterable by
the User. User alterable settings are indicated in the text. To change these settings access the
Change Settings menus (see §6.3.2 Change Settings).
RAPS
10kW 48V
View Settings
PREV|NEXT
© Selectronic Australia 2005
16:59
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|EVNT
Document PC0009 Revision 02
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Technical Manual
Batt Size Ah
Gen:Max kW
Sync Tol VAC
Float:Hold V
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
1000
8.00
30
54.0
View Settings=>
Batt Size Ah: is the battery size in ampere-hours
configured in the system. It is typically set to the 10
hour (C10 ) battery rating.
Gen:Max kW: is the maximum generator power
configured in the system. It is the maximum power
the PS1 will cause to be drawn from the generator.
Note: this parameter is set in kW which is typically
0.8 times the kVA rating of the generator.
Sync Tol VAC: is the maximum generator AC
voltage excursion the PS1 will tolerate before
switching to standalone mode.
Float:Hold V: is the battery voltage maintained by
the PS1 after charging whilst still synchronised to the
generator.
Gen:Start V1
Gen:Start V2
Inv:Shtdwn V1
Inv:Shtdwn V2
46.4
44.4
44.4
42.4
View Settings=>
The purpose of this group of settings is to prevent
over-discharge of the battery
Gen:Start V1: is the battery voltage at which the
generator will be started on load less than 10% of
inverter power rating.
Gen:Start V2: is the battery voltage at which the
generator will be started on load more than 10% of
inverter power rating.
Inv:ShtdwnV1: is the battery voltage at which the
PS1 will shut down on load less than 10% of inverter
power rating.
Inv:ShtdwnV2: is the battery voltage at which the
inverter will shut down on load more than 10% of
inverter power rating.
Note: On heavier loads the battery voltage is
expected to be less than on lighter loads. If the PS1
is in shutdown the measured battery voltage may
rise above these shutdown values due to the
decreased load. The PS1 will restart when the
battery voltage rises above the restart voltage
Inv:Restart V set during installation.
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Document PC0009 Revision 02
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Technical Manual
Level 1 SoC%
Level 2 SoC%
Level 3 SoC%
Inv:Shtdwn SoC%
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
90
70
60
50
View Settings=>
See §4.1.1.1 Generator Control based on SoC.
Level 1 SoC%: the battery state of charge below
which the generator will start in the preferred
generator run hour. The preferred run hour starts at
the Begin Lvl 1 Hr and extends for 1 hour.
Level 1 is normally set highest of the three SoC%
levels. A setting of zero disables this level.
Level 2 SoC%: the battery state of charge below
which the generator will start during the preferred
generator run period. This period starts at the
Begin Lvl 2 Hr and extends to the Begin Lvl
3 Hr. Level 2 is normally set as the mid SoC%
level.
Level 3 SoC%: the battery state of charge below
which the generator will start during the nonpreferred generator run period. This period starts at
the Begin Lvl 3 Hr and extends to the Begin
Lvl 2 Hr. Level 3 is normally set as the lowest
SoC% level. A setting of zero disables this level.
Inv:Shtdwn SoC%: is the battery state of charge
below which the PS1 will be shut down to prevent
over-discharge of the battery. A value of zero means
that state of charge is not used to trigger PS1
shutdown.
See §4.1.1 Generator Automatic Running
Note: These settings are configured at the time of
installation and cannot be changed from the User
menus.
© Selectronic Australia 2005
Document PC0009 Revision 02
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Technical Manual
Begin Lvl 1 Hr
Begin Lvl 2 Hr
Begin Lvl 3 Hr
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
16:59
17
9
21
View Settings=>
See §4.1.1.1 Generator Control based on SoC.
Begin Lvl 1 Hr: Begin Level 1 Hour sets the
beginning of the preferred run hour which is a one
hour period when it is most preferable to have the
generator running. This would normally be set
around 5 or 6 PM to charge the battery for overnight
use. The preferred hour is within the preferred period
(see Begin Lvl 2 Hr below).
Begin Lvl 2 Hr: Begin Level 2 Hour sets the
beginning of the preferred period when it is
preferred to run the generator if the battery state of
charge warrants it. The preferred period includes the
preferred hour.
Begin Lvl 3 Hr: Begin Level 3 Hour sets the
beginning of the non-preferred period when it is not
desirable to run the generator. This would normally
include overnight or other times when generator
noise may be an issue, for example. However, the
generator will start in this period if the battery state of
charge warrants it.
Note: Each of these settings can be changed from
the Change Settings menus.
See §6.3.2 Change Settings.
Init:Chrg V
Bulk:Chrg V
Absorb:Chrg V
Eqlise:Chrg V
55.2
56.1
57.2
58.1
View Settings=>
Init:Chrg V: is the set point voltage during the
Initial stage of the charging cycle.
Bulk:Chrg V: is the set point voltage during the
Bulk stage of the charging cycle.
Absorb:Chrg V: is the set point voltage during
Absorption stage of the charging cycle.
Eqlise:Chrg V: is the set point voltage during
Equalisation stage of the battery charging cycle.
See §4.3.1 Battery Charger Operation
Note 1: Charge settings will automatically
compensate when the battery temperature varies
from 20°C (see §4.3.2 Temperature Compensation).
Note 2: These settings are configured at the time of
installation and cannot be changed from the User
menus.
© Selectronic Australia 2005
Document PC0009 Revision 02
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Technical Manual
Init:Chrg A
Bulk:Chrg A
Absorb:Chrg A
Eqlise:Chrg A
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
100
80
30
10
View Settings=>
Init:Chrg A: is the current limit during the Initial
stage of the battery charging cycle
Bulk:Chrg A: is the current limit during the Bulk
stage of the battery charging cycle
Absorb:Chrg A: is the current limit during the
Absorption stage of the battery charging cycle
Eqlise:Chrg A: is the set point current during the
Equalisation stage of the battery charging cycle
See §4.3.1 Battery Charger Operation
Note 1: These currents are the total charge current to
the battery from both the generator and the
renewable source combined.
Note 2: These settings are configured at the time of
installation and cannot be changed from the User
menus.
Init:Time mins
Bulk:Time mins
Absorb:Time mins
Eqlise:Time hrs
10
20
40
3.0
View Settings=>
Init:Time mins: time in the Initial stage of the
battery charging cycle once Init:Chrg V is reached.
Bulk:Time mins: minimum time in the Bulk stage
of the battery charging cycle once Bulk:Chrg V is
reached.
Absorb:Time mins: minimum time in the
Absorption stage of the battery charging cycle. once
Absorb:Chrg V is reached.
Eqlise:Time hrs: time in the Equalisation stage
of the battery charging cycle.
See §4.3.1 Battery Charger Operation
Note: Equalisation Time elapses when the battery
voltage is between Eqlise:Chrg V and
Eqlise:Limit V.
Note: These settings are configured at the time of
installation and cannot be changed from the User
menus.
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Technical Manual
Chrg:End A/15m
Eqlise:Limit V
Chrg:Max Hrs
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
20
63.6
20
View Settings=>
Chrg:End A/15m: Charge End Amperes per 15
minutes.
A slow rate of charge of the battery charging current
is an indicator that the battery is no longer absorbing
much of the charge current. If the rate of change of
the battery charge current falls below this level the
Bulk and Absorption stages of the battery charging
cycle will end and the charge cycle will enter the next
stage.
Eqlise:Limit V: Equalise Limit Voltage. During
battery equalization the battery voltage will not be
allowed to exceed this limit.
Chrg:Max Hrs: maximum time allowed for each
battery charge cycle to complete. After this duration
the current charge cycle stage will be terminated.
See §4.3.1 Battery Charger Operation
Note: These settings are configured at the time of
installation and cannot be changed from the User
menus.
30s
2min
10min
30min
Start
Start
Start
Start
kW
kW
kW
kW
12.0
10.0
8.0
4.0
View Settings=>
30s Start kW: 30 second average load power
setting to start the generator. This is a fixed system
setting.
2min Start kW: 2 minute average load power
setting to start the generator. This is a fixed system
setting.
10min Start kW: 10 minute average load power
setting to start the generator.
30min Start kW: 30 minute average load power
setting to start the generator.
Note 1: The generator will run for at least the
minimum generator run time (Gen:Min Run min)
and until the average power level is below the
threshold.
Note 2: These settings are configured at the time of
installation and cannot be changed from the User
menus.
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Technical Manual
Gen:Min Load kW
Gen:Min Run min
Load Search W
PREV|NEXT
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
7
22
20
|MENU
View Settings=>
Gen:Min Load kW: the minimum load power that
will continue to run the generator. This parameter is
set at the time of installation and cannot be changed
from the User menus.
Gen:Min Run min: the minimum generator run
time. If the generator is started it will run for at least
this time. To change this setting access the Change
Settings menus (see §6.3.2 Change Settings).
Load Search W: in Power Save mode this load
power or greater will cause the PS1 to switch to
continuous operation. To change this setting access
the Change Settings menus.
See §6.3.2 Change Settings).
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Technical Manual
6.2.4
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Generator Schedules
The generator run times can be scheduled to meet regular heavy load periods such as meal times
or other periods of high demand. Two schedule types are available each with four configurable
start times and durations. A normal Gen Run Schedule (Gen Run Schedule Start Time A
- D) for daily generator running and a Gen Backup Schedule (Backup Run Schedule Time
A - D) for emergency generator running if the PS1 shuts down for an extended period.
For further details of Generator Schedules see §4.1.1.2 Generator Scheduling.
The Generator Schedules screens provide access to view configured generator run and backup
schedules. All of these settings may be changed by the User. To change any of these settings
access the Change Schedule submenu (see §6.3.1 Change Generator Schedules).
RAPS
10kW 48V
Generator Schedules
PREV|NEXT
Start Time A
Run Dur A hrs
Start Time B
Run Dur B hrs
-:--:--:--:--
OK
16:59
|EVNT
Generator Schedules=>
Start Time A: scheduled generator start time A.
Run Dur A hrs: generator run duration from start
time A.
Start Time B: scheduled generator start time B.
Run Dur B hrs: generator run duration from start
time B.
Note 1: Zero duration disables the associated start
time unless Auto Stop is enabled in which case the
generator will run until the battery charge cycle is
complete and all other stop criteria are met. See
§4.1.1.4 Generator Automatic Stopping.
Note 2: The Start Time must be used in sequence.
An unused Start Time disables subsequent start
times.
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Start Time C
Run Dur C hrs
Start Time D
Run Dur D hrs
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
-:--:--:--:--
Generator Schedules=>
Start Time C: scheduled generator start time C.
Run Dur C hrs: generator run duration from start
time C.
Start Time D: scheduled generator start time D.
Run Dur D hrs: generator run duration from start
time D.
Note 1: Zero duration disables the associated start
time unless Auto Stop is enabled in which case the
generator will run until the battery charge cycle is
complete and all other stop criteria are met.
See §4.1.1.4 Generator Automatic Stopping.
Note 2: The Start Times must be used in sequence.
An unused Start Time disables subsequent Start
Times.
Backup Time A
Run Dur A hrs
Backup Time B
Run Dur B hrs
-:--:--:--:--
Generator Schedules=>
Backup Time A: generator start time A in case of
PS1 shutdown.
Run Dur A hrs: generator run duration from
backup start time A.
Backup Time B: generator start time B in case of
PS1 shutdown.
Run Dur B hrs: generator run duration from
backup start time B.
Note 1: Backup schedules are used to start the
generator to maintain essential power when PS1 is in
shutdown.
Note 2: Zero duration disables the associated start
time.
Note 3: The Backup Times must be used in
sequence. An unused Backup Time disables
subsequent Backup Times.
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Technical Manual
Backup Time C
Run Dur C Hrs
Backup Time D
Run Dur D hrs
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Generator Schedules=>
-:--:--:--:--
Backup Time C: generator start time A in case of
PS1 shutdown.
Run Dur C hrs: generator run duration from
backup start time C
Backup Time D: generator start time D in case of
PS1 shutdown.
Run Dur D hrs: generator run duration from
backup start time D.
Note 1: Backup schedules are used start generator
to maintain essential power when PS1 is in
shutdown.
Note 2: Zero duration disables the associated start
time.
Note 3: The Backup Times must be used in
sequence. An unused Backup Time disables
subsequent Backup Times.
6.3 User Edit Menus
This series of three menus allow you to change system settings and generator start/stop
schedules. The settings provided in these screens are sufficient to tailor the day to day system
operation. Familiarly with the use of these settings will allow you to meet your changing system
needs.
The menus are Change Settings, Advanced Settings and Change Schedules.
Settings may be changed by selecting EDIT while in the appropriate setting screen.
A ^ symbol will appear near the setting to be changed.
Use the INC (increase) and DEC (decrease) keys to change the setting
Use the OK key to implement and store the change
Use the CNCL (cancel) key to reject the change.
If no key is pressed for 10 seconds the EDIT screen will be exited without changing the setting.
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Technical Manual
6.3.1
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Change Generator Schedules
The generator run times can be scheduled to meet regular heavy load periods such as meal times
or other periods of high demand. Two schedule types are available each with four configurable
start times and durations. A normal Gen Run Schedule (Gen Run Schedule Start Time A D) for daily generator running and a Gen Backup Schedule (Backup Run Schedule Time
A - D) for emergency generator running if the PS1 shuts down for an extended period.
For further details of Generator Schedules see §4.1.1.2 Generator Scheduling.
This submenu allows access to change the generator run schedule and the backup schedule.
16:59
Change Schedule
PREV|EXT
Gen Run Schedule
Start Time A
>
0.00, <
PREV|NEXT
-:-24.00
EDIT|MENU
OK|MENU
Gen Run Schedule
Start Time A ^
>
0.00, <
INC|DEC
-.-24.00
OK |CNCL
Generator Schedules=>Change Schedule
Gen Run Schedule - Start Time A: This menu allows a regular generator start
schedule to be set. The generator will start at the set time and run for Run Dur A duration
(see next menu).
There are three other identical menus Start Time B, Start Time C and Start Time
D allowing four run periods per day.
Note 1: The Start Time must be used in sequence, A to D. An unused Start Time disables
subsequent start times.
Gen Run Schedule
Run Dur A
>
0.00, <
PREV|NEXT
-:-4.00
EDIT|MENU
Gen Run Schedule
Run Dur A
^
>
0.00, <
INC|DEC
-.-4.00
OK |CNCL
Generator Schedules=> Change Schedule
Gen Run Schedule – Run Dur A: Run Duration A sets the run duration for Start Time
A generator schedule.
There are three other identical menus Run Dur B, Run Dur C and Run Dur D allowing
four run periods per day. The generator will run for at least the configured duration and may
keep running past the scheduled stop depending on the Scheduled Gen Run – Auto
Stop setting (see next setting).
Note 1: If Scheduled Gen Run – Auto Stop is disabled, a zero duration disables the
associated start time.
Note 2: If Scheduled Gen Run – Auto Stop is enabled, a zero duration will allow the
generator to start at the scheduled time and auto stop on completion of a battery charge cycle
and system load conditions not longer require the generator to run.
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Technical Manual
Scheduled Gen Run
Auto Stop
PREV|NEXT
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Disabled
EDIT|MENU
Scheduled Gen Run
Auto Stop
INC|DEC
^ Disabled
OK |CNCL
Generator Schedules=> Change Schedule
Scheduled Gen Run – Auto Stop: Options Enabled, Disabled
If Auto Stop is disabled then the generator will run for the scheduled duration regardless of
other factors.
If Auto Stop is enabled the generator may continue to run for longer than the configured
duration (including zero duration) until the battery charge cycle is complete cycle and system
load conditions not longer require the generator to run.
See §4.1.1.4 Generator Automatic Stopping
Backup Run Schedule
Start Time A
>
0.00, <
PREV|NEXT
-:-24.00
EDIT|MENU
Backup Run Schedule
Start Time A ^
>
0.00, <
INC|DEC
-.-24.00
OK |CNCL
Generator Schedules=> Change Schedule
Backup Run Schedule - Start Time A: This menu allows an emergency generator
start schedule to be set. This schedule is active only when the PS1 is in a shutdown state for
an extended period due to some abnormal condition as may be the case if the PS1 is
unattended for long periods. The generator may be periodically run to power vital appliances
such as refrigerator or freezer etc.
The generator will start at the set time and run for Run Dur A duration (see next menu).
There are three other identical menus Start Time B, Start Time C and Start Time D
allowing four run periods per day.
Note 1: The Start Time must be used in sequence, A to D. An unused Start Time disables
subsequent start times.
Backup Run Schedule
Run Dur A
>
0.00, <
PREV|NEXT
-:-4.00
EDIT|MENU
Backup Run Schedule
Run Dur A
^
>
0.00, <
INC|DEC
-.-4.00
OK |CNCL
Generator Schedules=> Change Schedule
Backup Run Schedule – Run Dur A: Run Duration A sets the run duration for Start
Time A generator schedule.
There are three other identical menus Run Dur B, Run Dur C and Run Dur D allowing
four run periods per day.
Note 1: Zero duration disables the associated start time.
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Technical Manual
6.3.2
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Change Settings
These menus provide the primary user interface to configuration of system operational settings.
There is a top level menu (Change Settings) to access the most frequently used settings and a
submenu (Advanced User Settings) containing other less used settings.
RAPS
10kW 48V
Change Settings
PREV|NEXT
Time:Set Hour
>
0, <
PREV|NEXT
9
23
EDIT|MENU
16:59
OK
|EVNT
Time:Set Hour
>
0, <
INC|DEC
^
9
23
OK |CNCL
Change Settings=>
Time:Set Hour;
Sets the system time hour. The system time is the basis of many system functions. It should
be set to the correct local time of day.
Time:Set Min
>
0, <
PREV|NEXT
22
59
EDIT|MENU
Time:Set Min
>
0, <
INC|DEC
^
24
59
OK |CNCL
Change Settings=>
Time:Set Min;
Sets the system time minutes. The system time is the basis of many system functions. It
should be set to the correct local time of day.
Begin Lvl 1 Hr17
>
0, <
PREV|NEXT
23
EDIT|MENU
Begin Lvl 1 Hr^ 17
>
0, <
INC|DEC
23
OK |CNCL
Change Settings=>
See §4.1.1.1 Generator Control based on SoC.
Begin Lvl 1 Hr: Begin Level 1 Hour sets the beginning of the preferred run hour which is
a one hour period when it is most preferable to have the generator running. This would
normally be set around 5 or 6 PM to charge the battery for overnight use. It should always be
set during the Level 2 time (ie any time from Begin Lvl 2 Hr to Begin Lvl 3 Hr).
If the battery state of charge falls below Level 1 SoC% during the level 1 hour then the
generator will be started and will run to completion of a charge cycle. Setting this parameter to
zero will disable charging based on Level 1 SoC%. Charging based on SoC% can be totally
disabled using Set SoC%
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Document PC0009 Revision 02
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Technical Manual
Begin Lvl 2 Hr12
>
1, <
PREV|NEXT
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
23
EDIT|MENU
Begin Lvl 2 Hr^ 12
>
1, <
INC|DEC
23
OK |CNCL
Change Settings=>
See §4.1.1.1 Generator Control based on SoC.
Begin Lvl 2 Hr: Begin Level 2 Hour sets the beginning of the preferred period when it is
preferred to run the generator if the battery state of charge warrants it. In a system using solar
as the renewable energy source this would normally be set to begin mid afternoon to allow the
opportunity for the solar to charge the battery.
The Level 2 period includes the Level 1 hour.
If the battery state of charge falls below Level 2 SoC% during the level 2 period then the
generator will be started and will run to completion of a charge cycle. Charging based on
SoC% can be totally disabled using Set SoC%
Begin Lvl 3 Hr21
>
0, <
PREV|NEXT
23
EDIT|MENU
Begin Lvl 3 Hr^ 21
>
0, <
INC|DEC
23
OK |CNCL
Change Settings=>
See §4.1.1.1 Generator Control based on SoC.
Begin Lvl 3 Hr: Begin Level 3 Hour sets the beginning of the non-preferred period when
it is not desirable to run the generator. This would normally include overnight or other times
when generator noise may be an issue, for example. However, the generator will start in this
period if the battery state of charge warrants it.
If the battery state of charge falls below Level 3 SoC% during the level 3 period then the
generator will be started and will run until the Level 2 SoC% is reached and the minimum
generator run time has expired (Gen:Min Run min). Setting this parameter to zero will
disable charging based on Level 3 SoC%. Charging based on SoC% can be totally disabled
using Set SoC%
Gen:Min Run min30
>
5, <
PREV|NEXT
240
EDIT|MENU
Gen:Min Run min30
>
5, <
INC|DEC
240
OK |CNCL
Change Settings=>
Gen:Min Run min: Generator Minimum Run minutes sets the minimum time the generator
will run if it is automatically started for any reason. This prevents excessive starting and
stopping of the generator that can be detrimental to its reliability and efficiency.
This minimum run time should be set according to the generator manufacturers’
recommendation.
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Document PC0009 Revision 02
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Technical Manual
6.3.2.1
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Advanced User Settings
16:59
Advanced Settings
PREV|NEXT
Load Search
PREV|NEXT
Disable
EDIT|MENU
OK
|MENU
Load Search
INC|DEC
^ Disable
OK |CNCL
Change Settings=>Advanced Settings=>
Load Search: Options Enable, Disable
Enabling Load Search places the PS1 into Power Save mode. The PS1 pulses the load every
second and switches ON the AC output continuously when a load exceeding Load Search W
is detected.
Load Search W
PREV|NEXT
20
EDIT|MENU
Load Search W
INC|DEC
20
OK |CNCL
Change Settings=>Advanced Settings=>
Load Search W: Load Search Watts sets the load power level that will cause the PS1 to
supply continuous voltage to the load.
Load Search must be enabled (refer previous menu) for this setting to take effect.
Alarm Out
Urgent+NU
Alarm Out
PREV|NEXT
EDIT|MENU
INC|DEC
^ Urgent+NU
OK |CNCL
Change Settings=>Advanced Settings=>
Alarm Out: Options Urgent + NU, Urgent
Set the alarm to be output via the PS1 relay to an external audible and/or visual alarm. Only
urgent alarms or both urgent and non urgent (NU) alarms may be selected. Enabling output of
the NU alarm allows it to be used with the generator in manual control mode to signal when a
generator run is required to charge the battery.
See §4.5 Inverter External Alarm.
© Selectronic Australia 2005
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Technical Manual
S/Term Limit
>
1, <
PREV|NEXT
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
15
50
EDIT|MENU
S/Term Limit
>
1, <
INC|DEC
^
15
50
OK |CNCL
Change Settings=>Advanced Settings=>
S/Term Limit: Short Term Limit sets the number of minor abnormal events within a short
period that will trigger an PS1 shutdown and assert an Urgent alarm. Excessive such events in
a short period may be indicative of potential system problems. The PS1 will automatically
restart after 15 minutes. The current event count (S/Term Count) can be viewed and reset in
the View Diagnostics menu.
The S/Term Count is a continuous count, capped at the S/Term Limit value and reduced
by one every 15minutes.
L/Term Limit
>
1, <
PREV|NEXT
15
50
EDIT|MENU
L/Term Limit
>
1, <
INC|DEC
^
15
50
OK |CNCL
Change Settings=>Advanced Settings=>
L/Term Limit: Long Term Limit sets the number of events within a long period that will assert
a Non Urgent alarm. The current event count (L/Term Count) can be viewed and reset in the
View Diagnostics menu.
The L/Term Count is a continuous count to (L/Term Limit + 2) reduced by one every 6
hours.
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Technical Manual
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Inv:Hrs to OFF72
>
0, <
PREV|NEXT
Inv:Hrs to OFF^ 72
>
0, <
120
EDIT|MENU
INC|DEC
120
OK |CNCL
Change Settings=>Advanced Settings=>
Inv:Hrs to OFF: Inverter hours to OFF sets the number of hours the PS1 control electronics
will remain powered up while in the shutdown. The PS1 consumes a small standby current in
the shutdown state.
The control electronics must remain operational to enable the Backup Schedule. To prevent
excessive battery discharge, the PS1 will trip the DC circuit breaker and completely power down
after the battery voltage falls below the nominal battery voltage for the time set by this
parameter.
Passcode
>
0
255
0, <
PREV|NEXT
Passcode
>
EDIT|MENU
INC|DEC
0, <
0
255
OK |CNCL
Change Settings=>Advanced Settings=>
Passcode: Extended installer access.
6.4 Event Log
The Event log may be accessed from any top level menu using the EVNT function key. The log
contains 32 events beginning with the most recent event. Use the UP key may be used to scroll
backwards (in time) through the log, the DOWN key to scroll forward through the log. The forward
scroll, (DOWN) halts at the most recent event.
RAPS
10kW 48V
16:59
From Any Top Level Menu
PREV|NEXT
OK
|EVNT
Hi Load:Gen Start
Hi Load:Gen Strt: This is the event name.
#20
E048
#20: This is the event sequence number in the 32
event log.
Day#225 14:22:22
I12 S02 G00 C01
Day#225: This is the day the event occurred.
(Factory initialized to day of the year)
14:22:22: This is the time the event occurred.
E048: This is the event identification number. Refer
to Appendix B.2 for more information.
I12, S02, G00, C01: Selectronic use only.
© Selectronic Australia 2005
Document PC0009 Revision 02
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Technical Manual
6.4.1.1
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Using the Event Log
The event log in conjunction with the menus system is an invaluable tool in the diagnosis of system
issues and monitoring system performance. The log is a circular list of 32 events starting at event
#1. Generally, by the time the log is full the oldest event is no longer of interest and the next event
replaces it in the log. (Note: events are stored in an internal data log and may be retrieved by
service personnel if required).
The most recent event is first to be displayed when the event log is accessed.
Use the event name and time stamp of the most recent sequence of events to gain an
understanding of system behavior. Each event may have a number of different causes, for
example Hi Load Gen Strt may be due to one of four load levels. The event cause identification
number (E048 in the example) provides more information on the cause of the event (see
§Appendix B.2).
Regularly reviewing the event log to understand normal sequences of events for your system will
enhance your capability to respond to system problems.
6.5 Installer Menus
Installer settings are not accessible to the end user. Proper configuration of these settings requires
in-depth knowledge of the system requirements and parameters. Only suitably qualified and
trained installation, commissioning and maintenance personnel should access these menus.
To display the Installer menus:
1. Switch OFF the inverter using the ON/OFF pushbutton.
2. Open the inverter door and switch ON DIP2 switch 7 on the Control PCA
(see §7.1 Inverter Internal View).
3. Close the inverter door and switch ON using the ON/OFF pushbutton.
4. Edit the Passcode parameter in the Advanced User Settings menu.
5. Use the UP/DOWN buttons to enter the passcode and press OK.
6. The Installer menus will now be accessible for 2 hours.
7. The menus may be re-enabled after the 2 hours by repeating steps 4 and 5 above.
Subsequent unauthorised access to these menus by can be prevented by:
1. Switch OFF the inverter using the ON/OFF pushbutton.
2. Open the inverter door and switch OFF DIP2 switch 7 on the Control PCA
(see §7.1 Inverter Internal View).
3. Close the inverter door and switch ON using the ON/OFF pushbutton.
Failure to switch OFF DIP2 switch 7 will allow a user, will knowledge of the static passcode, access
to the installer menus.
© Selectronic Australia 2005
Document PC0009 Revision 02
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Technical Manual
6.5.1
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Battery Settings
Refer to the battery manufacturer’s recommendations when setting battery parameters. Battery
longevity may be adversely affected by incorrect settings.
16:59
Battery Settings
PREV|NEXT
Batt Size Ah
>
100, <
PREV|NEXT
Level 1 SoC%
>
50, <
PREV|NEXT
Level 2 SoC%
>
50, <
PREV|NEXT
Level 3 SoC%
>
20, <
PREV|NEXT
Inv:Shtdwn SoC%50
>
0, <
PREV|NEXT
1000
3200
EDIT|MENU
90
95
EDIT|MENU
70
95
EDIT|MENU
50
95
EDIT|MENU
100
EDIT|MENU
OK
|MENU
Battery Settings=>
Batt Size Ah: Battery size in Ampere-hours sets
the battery capacity connected to the inverter. It is
important to correctly configure this setting as main
internal calculations and system decisions are based
on it. Refer to the battery manufacturer’s
documentation when setting the parameter.
Typically it should be set to the 10 hour (C/10) rating
of the battery
Battery Settings=>
See §4.3.3 Battery State of Charge (SoC).
Level 1 SoC%: the battery state of charge below
which the generator will start in the preferred run
hour. The preferred run hour starts at the Begin
Lvl 1 Hr and extends for 1 hour. Level 1 is
normally set highest of the three SoC% levels.
Level 2 SoC%: the battery state of charge below
which the generator will start in the preferred run
period. This period starts at the Begin Lvl 2 Hr
and extends to the Begin Lvl 3 Hr. Level 2 is
normally set as the mid SoC% level.
Level 3 SoC%: the battery state of charge below
which the generator will start during the nonpreferred run period. This period starts at the
Begin Lvl 3 Hr and extends to the Begin Lvl
2 Hr. Level 3 is normally set as the lowest SoC%
level.
Inv:Shtdwn SoC%: is the battery state of charge
below which the inverter will be shut down to prevent
over-discharge of the battery. A value of zero means
that state of charge is not used to trigger inverter
shutdown.
© Selectronic Australia 2005
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Technical Manual
Inv:SoC Cntl
PREV|NEXT
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Enabled
EDIT|MENU
Battery Settings=>
Inv:SoC Cntl: Inverter State of Charge Control
enables or disables generator automatic starting
based on the battery state of charge. If set to disable
it overrides and disables the settings for parameters
Begin Lvl 1 Hr, Level 1 SoC%, Begin
Lvl 2 Hr, Level 2 SoC%, Begin Lvl 3 Hr
and Level 3 SoC%.
Note: It is recommended that SoC% be used as the
basis for battery charging and this setting remains
enabled.
Inv:Shtdwn V1
>
42.0, <
PREV|NEXT
Inv:Shtdwn V2
>
38.4, <
PREV|NEXT
Inv:Restart V
>
50.4, <
PREV|NEXT
Inv:Shtdwn HV
>
60.0, <
PREV|NEXT
46.0
48.0
EDIT|MENU
42.0
44.4
EDIT|MENU
52.3
62.4
EDIT|MENU
64.8
66.0
EDIT|MENU
Battery Settings=>
Inv:Shtdwn V1: Inverter Shutdown Voltage 1 is
the battery voltage at which the inverter will shut
down on load less than 10% of inverter rating to
prevent over-discharge of the battery.
Inv:Shtdwn V2: Inverter Shutdown Voltage 2 is
the battery voltage at which the inverter will shut
down on load more than 10% of inverter rating to
prevent over-discharge of the battery.
Inv:Restart V: Inverter Restart Voltage is the
battery voltage that must be reached to recover from
a Inv:Shtdwn V1 or V2 shutdown. Due to reduced
load the battery voltage is likely to rise as soon as the
inverter shuts down. Therefore this parameter
should be set substantially above Inv:Shtdwn V1
and Inv:Shtdwn V2 so that shutdown is not
reentered immediately a load is applied.
Normally battery recharge will be via renewable
source or external charger.
Inv:Shtdwn HV:.Inverter Shutdown High Voltage
is the upper limit of battery voltage. Above this limit
the inverter will go into shutdown until the voltage
returns below
Note: The configuration for the generator start
voltages (Gen:Start V1 and Gen:Start V2)
should be considered when setting these
parameters.
© Selectronic Australia 2005
Document PC0009 Revision 02
Page 65 of 108
Technical Manual
6.5.2
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Generator settings
16:59
Generator Settings
PREV|NEXT
Gen:Max kW
>
1.0, <
PREV|NEXT
10.0
20.0
EDIT|MENU
OK
|MENU
Gen:Max kW: Generator Maximum kW sets the
maximum power that can be delivered by the
generator connected to the inverter. It is important to
correctly configure this setting as many internal
calculations and system decisions are based on it.
Note: this setting is in kW and should be set to
approximately 0.8 times the KVA rating of the
generator.
The inverter will use this setting to estimate the
amount of power it can extract from the generator
based on generator voltage and frequency. See the
Gen:Max kW reading for the most recent estimate.
Gen:Start V1
>
44.4, <
PREV|NEXT
Gen:Start V2
>
42.0, <
PREV|NEXT
46.8
52.8
EDIT|MENU
44.4
48.0
EDIT|MENU
This group of menus control the generator starting
based on battery voltage.
Gen:Start V1: is the battery voltage (for five
minutes) below which the generator will be started on
load less than 10% of inverter rating to prevent overdischarge of the battery. The generator will run until
the battery recharge cycle is complete.
Gen:Start V2: is the battery voltage (for five
minutes) below which the generator will be started on
load more than 10% of inverter rating to prevent
over-discharge of the battery. The generator will run
until the battery recharge cycle is complete.
Note: The configuration for the inverter shutdown
voltages Inv:Shtdwn V1 and Inv:Shtdwn V2
should be set to lower values than the generator start
voltages Gen:Start V1 and Gen:Start V2
respectively.
10min Start kW
8.0
>
1.0, <
PREV|NEXT
30min Start kW
>
1.0, <
PREV|NEXT
© Selectronic Australia 2005
10.0
This group of menus control the generator starting
based on average inverter load
EDIT|MENU
10min Start kW: 10 minute average load power
setting to start the generator.
6.0
10.0
30min Start kW: 30 minute average load power
setting to start the generator.
EDIT|MENU
The generator will run until the average power level is
below the threshold or at least the minimum
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PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
generator run time (Gen:Min Run min).
Gen:Min Load kW
% Gen:Max kW
>
9, <
Gen:Revse kW
>
-10.00, <
PREV|NEXT
50
75
-1.20
-0.20
EDIT|MENU
Gen:Min Load kW: Generator Minimum Load kW
is a percentage of Gen:Max kW. It sets the
minimum load that will keep the generator running.
Below this load the generator will be stopped unless
other stop conditions, such as battery charge cycle
completion, are not met
Gen:Revse kW: Generator Reverse kW. If the
generator trips while running, for example due to
running out of fuel or is manually turned OFF, then
AC power may flow into the generator and drive it as
a motor. This parameter sets the level at which the
inverter detects this condition and disconnects the
generator. Refer to the generator manufacturer’s
documentation.
Note: It is recommended to disconnect the generator
using the front panel Generator circuit breaker
before manually stopping the generator.
Remote Gen Run
Auto Stop
PREV|NEXT
Disabled
EDIT|MENU
Remote Gen Run – Auto Stop: Options
Enabled, Disabled
This setting is active if the generator is started
remotely via the Remote Run input. (See §4.1.1
Generator Automatic Running).
If Auto Stop is disabled then the generator will run for
the scheduled duration regardless of other factors.
If Auto Stop is enabled the generator will continue to
run for longer than the configured duration until the
battery charge cycle is complete.
Note:1 The generator may continue to run due to
other settings.
Gen Avail
Follow I/P
PREV|NEXT
EDIT|MENU
Gen Avail: Options Follow Input, Always
If Generator Availability is set to Follow Input the
inverter will use the state of the Gen Cntl On/Off
(Auto/Man) input to determine if the generator is
available for automatic control.
If Generator Availability is set to Always the inverter
assume the generator is always available for
automatic control regardless of the state of the Gen
Cntl On/Off (Auto/Man) input.
© Selectronic Australia 2005
Document PC0009 Revision 02
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Technical Manual
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Ctrl Rlys
Standard
PREV|NEXT
EDIT|MENU
Gen:Pulse Delay2
>
1, <
PREV|NEXT
Ctrl Rlys: Options Standard, Transposed
10
EDIT|MENU
Gen:Pulse Time 2
>
1, <
PREV|NEXT
The inverter provides two relays for control of the
Gen:Run and Gen:Pulse signals for generator
starting. This group of menus customize the
operation of the inverter relays.
10
EDIT|MENU
Standard provides Gen:Run on DO1 and Gen:Pulse
on DO2
Transpose provides Gen:Run on DO2 and
Gen:Pulse on DO1
Gen:Pulse Delay: Adds delay from the transition
of the Gen:Run signal to the transition of the
Gen:Pulse signal. Units are seconds.
Gen:Pulse Time: Adjusts the ON duration of the
Gen:Pulse signal. Units are seconds.
See §A.2 Generator Control Interface Specification.
Gen Type
>
0, <
PREV|NEXT
Gen Type 3
Int Gain
>
EDIT|MENU
0, <
PREV|NEXT
Gen Type 3
Prop Gain
>
0
3
PREV|NEXT
Gen Type 3
Period Gain
>
-12, <
PREV|NEXT
Gen Type: Generator Type selects a set of
parameters for generator control. Types 0 – 2
parameters are fixed, type 3 has default parameters
that are configurable via these menus.
1
10
EDIT|MENU
0, <
This group of menus are used to customize dynamic
characteristics of the automatic generator control.
20
255
Gen
Type#
Generator
Type
Prop.
Gain
Integral
Gain
Period
Gain
0
Small
diesel
30
1
-4
1
Small
Petrol
30
1
-16
2
Large
diesel
mechanical
governor
64
1
-2
3
Large
diesel
electronic
governor
20
1
-1
EDIT|MENU
-1
0
EDIT|MENU
Note: The recommended procedure for adjusting
Type 3 parameters is to base the initial setting on the
best performing of types 0 to 3 and adjust individual
parameters in Type 3 to improve performance.
© Selectronic Australia 2005
Document PC0009 Revision 02
Page 68 of 108
Technical Manual
6.5.3
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
AC Output settings
The AC Output setting allows the inverter AC output voltage to be changed and adjustment of
generator tolerances.
16:59
AC Output Settings
PREV|NEXT
Inv:Nom VAC
>
210, <
PREV|NEXT
Sync Tol VAC
>
5, <
PREV|NEXT
Sync Hi Hz
>
50.10, <
PREV|NEXT
Sync Lo Hz
>
45.00, <
PREV|NEXT
© Selectronic Australia 2005
240
240
OK
|MENU
Inv:Nom VAC: sets the nominal output voltage of
the inverter.
EDIT|MENU
30
40
EDIT|MENU
55.00
55.00
EDIT|MENU
45.00
49.90
EDIT|MENU
This group of menus are used to control the inverter
tolerance to variations in the AC voltage from the
generator.
Sync Tol VAC: is the maximum generator AC
voltage excursion the inverter will tolerate before
switching to standalone mode.
Sync Hi Hz: is the maximum generator AC
frequency the inverter will tolerate before switching to
standalone mode.
Sync Lo Hz: is the minimum generator AC
frequency the inverter will tolerate before switching to
standalone mode.
Document PC0009 Revision 02
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Technical Manual
6.5.4
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Shunt Settings
The inverter provides two shunt inputs for monitoring of DC currents. These shunts can be used for
renewable or load shunts.
16:59
Shunt Settings
PREV|NEXT
Shunt 1
Renewable
ON
PREV|NEXT
EDIT|MENU
Shunt 1
DC Load
PREV|NEXT
Shunt 1:A/mV
>
0.0 <
PREV|NEXT
Shunt 1 Zero0.0
>
-5.0 <
OFF
EDIT|MENU
2.0
10.0
EDIT|MENU
5.0
EDIT|MENU
Shunt 2
Renewable
OFF
PREV|NEXT
EDIT|MENU
PREV|NEXT
Shunt 2:A/mV
>
0.0 <
PREV|NEXT
|MENU
This group of menus defines the type of shunts
connected to the inverter and whether the current
measured through each shunt id interpreted as a
load on the battery or a renewable source charging
the battery.
Shunt 1 Renewable: Options ON, OFF
If configured for ON the current measured on this
shunt will be considered as charging the battery.
Shunt 1 DC Load: Options ON, OFF
If configured for ON the current measured on this
shunt will be considered as a DC load on the battery.
Note If both of the above options are selected for
Shunt 1 the net current will be displayed.
PREV|NEXT
Shunt 2
DC Load
OK
OFF
EDIT|MENU
1.0
10.0
EDIT|MENU
Shunt 1 A/mV: Shunt 1 Amperes per millivolt
defines the type of shunt connected to Shunt 1 input.
It allows the inverter to interpret the measured
millivolts in terms of Amperes. The number to be
entered is calculated by dividing the shunt rated
current by the rated voltage
eg a 75mV/100A shunt = 100 ÷ 75 = 1.33A/mV
Shunt 1 Zero: Calibrates shunt 1.Recommended
calibration procedure:
Set Shunt 1 A/mV to 1.0
Set Renewable and DC load ON.
Read Shunt 1 Amps from the View Readings
menu.
Adjust Shunt 1 Zero to the negative of reading
value. (eg read +1.5 enter -1.5, read -2.5 enter
+2.5).
Set Shunt 1 A/mV as per the table above.
Set Renewable and DC load setting as required.
The table below list some common shunt types and
the associated setting:
Shunt
Setting
50mV/100A 2.0
75mV/100A 1.3
75mV/200A 0.6
50mV/50A
1.0
Shunt 2: All of the above information also relates to
Shunt 2.
© Selectronic Australia 2005
Document PC0009 Revision 02
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Technical Manual
6.5.5
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Charger Settings
16:59
Charger Settings
PREV|NEXT
OK
|MENU
Note: Charge settings will be automatically compensated when the battery temperature varies from
20°C. See §4.3.2 Temperature Compensation.
Init:Chrg V55.2
>
50.4, <
PREV|NEXT
Init:Chrg A
>
10, <
PREV|NEXT
Init:Time mins 5
>
1, <
PREV|NEXT
Bulk:Chrg V56.4
>
52.8, <
PREV|NEXT
Bulk:Chrg A
>
10, <
PREV|NEXT
Bulk:Time mins10
>
1, <
PREV|NEXT
© Selectronic Australia 2005
61.2
EDIT|MENU
120
150
EDIT|MENU
Init:Chrg V: is the set point voltage during the
Initial stage of the charging cycle.
Init:Chrg A: is the current limit during the Initial
stage of the battery charging cycle
Init:Time mins: time in the Initial stage of the
battery charging cycle once Init:Chrg V is
reached.
240
EDIT|MENU
61.2
EDIT|MENU
90
150
EDIT|MENU
Bulk:Chrg V: is the set point voltage during the
Bulk stage of the charging cycle.
Bulk:Chrg A: is the current limit during the Bulk
stage of the battery charging cycle
Bulk:Time mins: minimum time in the Bulk stage
of the battery charging cycle once Bulk:Chrg V is
reached..
240
EDIT|MENU
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Technical Manual
Absorb:Chrg V
>
52.8, <
PREV|NEXT
Absorb:Chrg A
>
10, <
PREV|NEXT
Absorb:Time mins
>
1, <
PREV|NEXT
Float:Hold V54.0
>
50.4, <
PREV|NEXT
Float:Time hrs
>
1.0, <
PREV|NEXT
Eqlise:Chrg V
>
50.4, <
PREV|NEXT
Eqlise:Chrg A
>
1, <
PREV|NEXT
Eqlise:Time hrs
>
0.2, <
PREV|NEXT
Eqlise:Limit V
>
52.8, <
PREV|NEXT
© Selectronic Australia 2005
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
57.6
61.2
EDIT|MENU
50
150
EDIT|MENU
Absorb:Chrg V: is the set point voltage during
Absorption stage of the charging cycle.
Absorb:Chrg A: is the current limit during the
Absorption stage of the battery charging cycle
Absorb:Time mins: minimum time in the
Absorption stage of the battery charging cycle once
Absorb:Chrg V is reached.
20
240
EDIT|MENU
57.6
EDIT|MENU
2.0
6.0
EDIT|MENU
58.8
62.4
EDIT|MENU
15
20
EDIT|MENU
3.0
48.0
EDIT|MENU
63.6
64.8
EDIT|MENU
Float:Hold V: After completion of a battery
charge cycle the charger will enter Float mode and
attempt to hold the battery voltage at this voltage.
This voltage should be set according to battery
manufacturer’s recommendations
Float:Time hrs: If the battery is floated for this
length of time in a 24 hour period a pending Equalise
cycle will be delayed by one day.
Eqlise:Chrg V: Equalise Charge Voltage is the
set point voltage during Equalisation stage of the
battery charging cycle.
Eqlise:Chrg A: Equalise Charge Current is the
set point current during the Equalisation stage of the
battery charging cycle
Eqlise:Time hrs: is the time in the Equalisation
stage of the battery charging cycle. Equalisation
Time elapses when the battery voltage is between
Eqlise:Chrg V and Eqlise:Limit V.
Eqlise:Limit V: Equalise Limit Voltage is the
upper limit of equalization the battery.
Eqlise:Limit V: Equalise Limit Voltage. During
battery equalization the battery voltage will not be
allowed to exceed this limit.
Document PC0009 Revision 02
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Technical Manual
6.5.5.1
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Advanced Charger Settings
16:59
Advanced Settings
PREV|NEXT
48.0
EDIT|MENU
Eqlise:Freq Days
>
2, <
PREV|NEXT
14
31
EDIT|MENU
Absorb:End A/15m
% Batt Size 2.0
>
0.5, <
PREV|NEXT
6.5.6
|MENU
Chrg:Max hrs: Maximum Charge time in hours.
Chrg:Max hrs20.0
>
0.0, <
PREV|NEXT
OK
20
10.0
EDIT|MENU
Sets the overall maximum time the battery can be
charged in each stage. The time starts when the
Initial stage is entered and includes all stages except
Float. It provides a safety mechanism in case
charging fails to terminate by normal means.
Eqlise:Freq Days:. Equalisation cycle
Frequency in Days.
Sets how often the battery is exposed to an
Equalisation cycle. Refer to the battery
manufacturer’s documentation for recommendations.
regarding Equalisation cycles.
Chrg:End A/15m: Charge End Amperes per 15
minutes.
A slow rate of charge of the battery charging current
is an indicator that the battery is no longer accepting
much charge. If the rate of change of the battery
charge current falls below this level the Bulk or
Absorption stage of the battery charging cycle will
end charge cycle will enter next stage.
Additional Displays
The following two additional menus are available in the Advanced User Settings submenu whilst in
the Installer mode.
S/Shtdwn Count
Ovr/Load Count
PREV|NEXT
0
0
RESET|
© Selectronic Australia 2005
Press RESET to reset both counters and force an
immediate restart attempt if the inverter is in
shutdown. Provided for service purposes so the
inverter may be restarted immediately a shutdown or
overload fault is cleared.
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PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
7 PS1 Technical Description
7.1 Inverter Internal View
This shows the view inside the inverter. The circuit breakers, DIN mounting rail and wiring looms
have been removed for clarity. The location is shown of the wiring terminations, connectors, quick
connects, mounting screws and nuts referred to elsewhere in this document.
The unlabelled connectors are not used. Connectors are shown with names as used on the
schematic, and numbers (J3 etc) as marked on the actual Printed Circuit Assemblies (PCA).
Wiring termination
B+
Connector
B-
Quick Connect
PCA mounting screw
AC2
AC1
+
PCA mounting nut
+
J11
J16
J15
Analog Tsense
+
J18
Pwr & Dig
Cntl
Txf J2 VTs J3 J1 Fan
RT
+
Cont J4
+
AC
Inv
Contactor Contactor
Earth
J5
+ CT
J9
Misc
J6 Gen
J8
Battery
TERMINATION
PCA
Battery
positive
snubber
J13
+
CT
J7
AuxCntl
+
B-
POWER
PCA
EMC
PCA
AC Brown
snubber Blue
Brown
Red
Unsw
J1
Red
+
Renew B- EMC
Neg
Earth
B+
INSIDE INVERTER
Figure 16
© Selectronic Australia 2005
Inside Inverter
Document PC0009 Revision 02
Page 74 of 108
Connector
Pwr J1
An
+ Earth
Quick Connect
+
CONTROL
PCA
+
+
J8
Term
Wiring termination
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
J19
Pwr-Dig
Technical Manual
PCA mounting screw
+
PCA mounting nut
SW2 SW1
Serial
port J16
+
+
+
BEHIND FRONT DOOR
Figure 17
© Selectronic Australia 2005
Behind Front Door
Document PC0009 Revision 02
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Technical Manual
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
7.2 Inverter Block Diagram
Battery
Pos
50Hz Txfmr
B+
DC CB
Choke
AC1
AC2
pwr
-dig
shunt
B- LM11
sense
ana tlog sense
EMC PCA
B+ snubber
aux
cntl
Renewable
Neg
B-
B+ LM12
FET
bridge
POWER PCA
temp
Battery
Neg
Unsw B+
LM7
AC
snubbers
Neutral
AC Contactor
LM17
LM1
Fan
Inverter
temp
sensor
Earth
Fan
LM3
LM9
LM6
pwr-an
term
pwr-dig
LM2
txf
cntl
cont
Load
CB
vt fan
ct
TERMINATION
ct
PCA
CONTROL PCA
batt
misc
Generator
Contactor
J6
serial port
Modem/PC
Battery
temp
sensor
Generator
control
signals
Remote
Run
switch
Generator
CB
Load
Active
Generator
Active
Inverter
external
alarm
Figure 18 Inverter Block Diagram
The block diagram above shows the main components in the inverter. It is described below.
The block diagram shows only a simplified view of the inverter wiring. Refer to §8.1 Inverter
External Wiring for inverter external wiring requirements.
DC and AC Power Circuits
These circuits are shown in heavy lines in Figure 18 Inverter Block Diagram above.
While the battery is supplying the load, DC power from the battery flows via the DC Circuit Breaker
into the Power PCA (Printed Circuit Assembly) where a FET (Field Effect Transistor) bridge chops it
at several kHz and feeds it via a filter choke to the 50Hz transformer. The FETs are turned on and
off by drive signals from the microprocessor on the Control PCA via wiring loom LM1. The
microprocessor software varies the chopping duty cycle (on-off ratio) so the average voltage fed to
the transformer is a 50Hz AC sine wave. The transformer steps up this AC voltage to the required
generator level, and isolates the battery/renewable circuits from the AC circuits. The AC power is
fed to the load via the AC Contactor and the Load Circuit Breaker.
AC power from the generator connects to the inverters Generator Active terminal. While the
generator is charging the battery, generator power flows into the inverter via the Generator Circuit
Breaker, Generator Contactor and AC Contactor through the 50Hz transformer into the Power PCA
where the FET bridge rectifies it to DC to charge the battery via the DC Circuit Breaker. The
© Selectronic Australia 2005
Document PC0009 Revision 02
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Technical Manual
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
software varies the FET drive signals to control the DC output voltage and current. The generator
can supply the load via the Generator Circuit Breaker, AC Contactor and Load Circuit Breaker.
If the software stops, the FETs are not driven, so the inverter passes no power in either direction.
The AC circuits pass through two Current Transformers (CTs) on the Termination PCA, for current
measurement. Note that the direction of the wiring through the CTs is important for correct
determination of AC power flows by the software.
The DC Circuit Breaker incorporates over-current trip for fault protection and (except the 24volt
model) a device to prevent closure in case of battery under-voltage or reversed battery voltage.
The Power PCA trips this Circuit Breaker via loom LM7 to isolate or shut down the inverter in case
of battery over-voltage. The software trips this Circuit Breaker via a signal in loom LM1 in case of
excessive battery discharge etc. The Circuit Breaker trip coil is powered from battery DC.
The Generator Circuit Breaker and Load Circuit Breaker incorporate over-current trip for fault
protection. The Control PCA software controls the AC Contactor and Generator Contactor via
signals in loom LM2 then LM6. The AC Contactor coil is powered by DC fed from the Power PCA
via looms LM1 and LM2. The Generator Contactor coil is powered by generator voltage from loom
LM9, and with the inverter switched off is energized so the load can be supplied from the generator.
While the generator is disconnected or not running, generator voltage is absent so the Generator
Contactor cannot close, thus inverter AC output voltage cannot become connected to the
generator. If generator outage occurs while the inverter is already connected to the generator, the
inverter software automatically detects the outage (due to power flow into the generator for
example) and disconnects the generator by opening the Generator Contactor.
Inverter Management
The Control PCA manages the inverter. It contains a microprocessor which runs the inverter
software, memory chips (which contain the software and logged data), and the inverter time/date
chip. The Control PCA also incorporates the front panel LCD display and buttons, and a serial port
for connection of inverter remote management via modem etc (see §11.15 Data Logging).
Via loom LM2 to the Termination PCA the software;
controls;
•
the AC Contactor and Generator Contactor.
•
the inverter cooling fans, running them only when needed. The fans are AC powered via
loom LM3 from the Generator Contactor.
•
the inverter external alarm and generator control outputs.
and monitors;
•
AC currents from the two Current Transformers (CTs) on the Termination PCA.
•
AC generator voltage and frequency from a Voltage Transformer (VT) on the Termination
PCA, fed via loom LM9 from the Generator Contactor.
•
the transformer AC voltage and temperature, from the transformer assembly via the
sensor wiring (part of the transformer assembly).
•
the inverter internal air temperature, from a sensor mounted on the sensor wiring
connector at the Termination PCA.
•
the battery temperature from a sensor mounted on the battery.
•
the generator control input signals and Remote Run switch.
The software monitors DC voltage and current from the Power PCA via signals in loom LM17.
From the measured voltages and currents, the software calculates other values such as AC power
flows and battery ampere-hours. Based on such measured and calculated values, the software
© Selectronic Australia 2005
Document PC0009 Revision 02
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Technical Manual
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
controls the contactors and adjusts the FET bridge drive signals as required to control inverter
synchronisation to the generator, battery charging and AC supply to the load. The software
displays important measured and calculated values on the LCD display and records them in the
data logging.
The software watches for unacceptable values, and takes appropriate action. For example it shuts
down the inverter for battery under-voltage or excessive inverter temperature, restarts the inverter
when the condition recovers, and displays the condition on the front panel LED indicators.
During inverter start-up self-test, the software similarly monitors inverter internal fault conditions
such as FET drive or bridge malfunction, aborts start-up if necessary, and displays the fault
condition on the front panel LEDs (see §5.4 Front Panel LEDs).
Power to the Inverter Electronics
The inverter internal electronics power supplies are derived on the Power PCA from the battery DC,
then flow via loom LM1 to the Control PCA, then via loom LM2 to the Termination PC. To initially
power the electronics before the DC Circuit Breaker is closed, power is obtained from the EMC
PCA (unswitched B+) and loom LM7 to the Power PCA.
The inverter will not run if the battery is disconnected or the battery voltage becomes too low.
Before the inverter will run, the batteries will need to be replaced or charged for example from
renewable power.
Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Filtering
The DC and AC power circuits are connected to the EMC PCA which snubs (absorbs) surges and
filters EMI to prevent interference with other electronic equipment.
EMI is also filtered by various ferrite cores, chokes and capacitors in the wiring looms and the
transformer assembly.
© Selectronic Australia 2005
Document PC0009 Revision 02
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Technical Manual
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
8 PS1 Wiring
Voltages generated by the equipment are lethal. The system should be installed and wired
only by suitably trained and qualified personnel. Please see §9 Installation Procedure for
the inverter installation procedure.
The recommendations herein apply to Australia and New Zealand, and are based on
standards AS3000, AS3001, AS3002, AS3004, AS3010 and AS3011. For other regions,
the installation and wiring should comply with relevant national standards and practices. If these
contradict the recommendations herein, please contact Selectronic service
[email protected] for clarification.
8.1 Inverter External Wiring
8.1.1
External Wiring Schematic
Figure 19 is a typical schematic of wiring connected to the inverter via the site switchboard. This
wiring scheme facilitates inverter bypass and also isolation of the inverter, generator and loads at
one location.
Note: This schematic is intended to guide the designers of systems using the inverters. Do
NOT use this typical schematic to trace actual site wiring, which may differ in detail from that
shown below.
Battery
temperature
sensor
Bundled
(see text)
Regulator
Switchboard
Solar Array
Array Pos
Array Neg
Load circuits
Pos
Neg
Batt Batt
Pos Neg
Inverter
Isolator
Bundled
(see text)
Load
Main
CB
Load
Residual
Current
CB
Load Active
Neutral
INVERTER
Bundled
(see text)
Renewable
fuse
Battery
fuses
Neutral Bar
MEN
Link
Earth
Renew Neg
Batt Pos
Batt Neg
4 fuses
ganged
(see text)
Load
Neutral
Bar
Control
PCA
Inverter
Bypass
Inverter
earth stake
Gen Active
Earth Bar
Generator
Isolator
Termination
PCA
A N E
Battery
Modem Battery
temp
or PC
sensor
etc
Generator
controls
Remote
Run
switch
Inverter
external
alarm
Switchboard
earth
stake
Generator
Figure 19 External Wiring Schematic 1
© Selectronic Australia 2005
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Figure 20 is a typical schematic of wiring connected to the inverter with the generator wiring
connected directly to the inverter rather than via the site switchboard. This wiring scheme facilitates
isolation of the inverter, generator and loads but does not allow inverter bypass. If the generator
alone supplies the load it does so via the inverter.
Note: This schematic is intended to guide the designers of systems using the inverters. Do
NOT use this typical schematic to trace actual site wiring, which may differ in detail from that
shown below.
Battery
temperature
sensor
Bundled
(see text)
Regulator
Switchboard
Solar Array
Array Pos
Array Neg
Load circuits
Pos
Neg
Batt Batt
Pos Neg
Inverter
Isolator
INVERTER
Bundled
(see text)
Load
Main
CB
Load
Residual
Current
CB
Load Active
Neutral
Link
Inverter
earth stake
Renew Neg
Batt Pos
Batt Neg
4 fuses
ganged
(see
Neutral Bar
Earth
Bundled
(see text)
Renewable
fuse
Load
Neutral
Bar
Earth Bar
Gen Active
Battery
fuses
Control
PCA
Battery
Termination
PCA
Modem Battery
temp
or PC
sensor
etc
Generator
controls
Generator
Isolator
Remote
Run
switch
Inverter
external
alarm
A N E
Switchboard
earth
stake
Generator
Figure 20 External Wiring Schematic 2
8.1.2
DC Power Wiring
See §7.1 Inverter Internal View for the location of DC Power Wiring terminals on the inverter.
Refer to §8.1.1 External Wiring Schematic. The battery fuses shown (or circuit breakers if desired)
are necessary to protect the DC wiring. The fuses should be rated to handle the maximum current
flow during normal operation. The renewable fuses should be rated to protect the wiring from
backfeed from the battery. The fuse ratings should be coordinated with conductor sizes and
temperature ratings. For recommended fuse sizes refer to §A.4 Battery Fuse Recommendation.
The high current wiring within the battery stack, and between the battery and the inverter, should be
as direct as possible, with the positive and negative cables bundled close together. This minimizes
the wiring inductance by minimizing the area enclosed by the path from the inverter Battery
Positive terminal through the batteries and back to the inverter Battery Negative terminal. For
recommended battery cable sizes refer to §A.3 Battery Cable Recommendation.
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Similarly the high current wiring between the battery and the renewable regulator, and between the
regulator and the renewable array, should be bundled and as direct as possible.
It must not be possible to supply renewable power to the inverter with the battery disconnected,
since the inverter can be damaged by uncontrolled sources which are not voltage-limited by the
battery. Therefore the renewable positive must connect to the battery as shown, not directly to the
inverter, and all four DC fuses should be “ganged” together in one physical assembly to ensure
they are all removed together.
The removable ganged fuse assembly also allows isolation of the renewable source, the battery
and the inverter from each other before working on them.
To prevent dangerous DC arcs, it must be possible to ensure that negligible DC current is made or
broken when connecting or disconnecting any DC Power Wiring. For example before working on
the battery wiring, the inverter is switched off via its On/Off button, the renewable regulator is
switched off, and the battery is isolated from the renewable source and from the inverter by
removing the ganged fuse assembly.
The system earthing strategy for lightning protection will depend on specific site characteristics
hence is left to the judgement of the system designer/installer. However, to reduce the risk of
accidental short circuits, earthing the DC Power Wiring is not recommended. If the DC wiring IS
earthed it is NOT recommended that this DC earth system be connected to earth via the inverter
earth or switchboard earth due to potentially excessive fault currents.
The battery temperature sensor provided with the inverter must be mounted in thermal contact with
the centre of the side of a battery cell (see §9 Installation Procedure).
8.1.3
AC Power Wiring
See §7.1 Inverter Internal View for the location of AC Power Wiring and Earth terminals on the
inverter. The terminals are also shown on the diagram on the back of the inverter front door.
Refer to Figure 19 which shows a typical arrangement with both the inverter and the generator
wired to an AC switchboard. The load is protected via the Load Main circuit breaker, a residual
current device and individual load circuit breakers. The circuit breakers should handle the
maximum current flow during normal operation, protect the wiring from faults, and their ratings be
coordinated with conductor sizes and temperature ratings. The schematic assumes the generator
incorporates its own circuit breaker to protect the generator and its wiring.
When working on the inverter and its AC wiring, the inverter isolator switch on the switchboard can
be used to isolate these from possible generator voltage present on the switchboard. When
working on the generator and its AC wiring, the generator isolator can be used to isolate these from
possible inverter voltage present on the switchboard. When working on the switchboard, both
isolators can be used to isolate the switchboard from possible generator and inverter voltages.
Various inverter procedures in this manual, for example inverter commissioning and servicing
procedures, require use of such isolation and bypass facilities outside the inverter.
Because of the multiple power sources (inverter and generator) it is recommended that a warning
label be fitted to all electrical power terminations at each location and to isolators feeding the
location, together with a basic electrical diagram indicating the power sources and isolators.
Suggested warning text:
WARNING: Multiple Hazardous Energy Sources.
Ensure that all energy sources are isolated before
working on the connected wiring.
The inverter bypass switch on the switchboard can be used to supply the load directly from the
generator, when the inverter is isolated.
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It is recommended the inverter be earthed to its own earth stake adjacent to the inverter, and also
to the switchboard earth as shown.
The inverter provides two Neutral terminals (one for the load circuits and one for the generator) for
situations where the generator is wired directly to the inverter (as shown in Figure 20) rather than to
a switchboard. In this case the generator earth lead is connected to the inverter Earth terminal.
8.1.4
Inverter Alarm Wiring
The PS1 supports one alarm output. The output is a relay NO/NC (normally open or normally
closed) contact. It is isolated from all other inverter internal circuitry. It may be wired so that the
contact is closed in the normal state and open in the alarm state, or open in the normal state and
closed in alarm state. The alarm relay is de-energised in the alarm state, so that the alarm is raised
if the inverter loses power.
The alarm is accessed via connector J9 on the Termination PCA as shown below in Figure 21.
See §7.1 Inverter Internal View for the connector location.
8.1.5
Generator Control Interface Wiring
The PS1 supports generator control via the signals described in §4.1.4 Generator Control Interface
and specified in §A.2 Generator Control Interface Specification. The signals are wired between the
PS1 and the generator local control equipment. The PS1 supports several different generator
start/stop schemes, using some or all of the signals. The system supplier may modify the
generator local control equipment to create the signals, which may have different names within the
generator local control equipment
The control signals are accessed via connectors J6 and J9 on the Termination PCA as shown
below in Figure 21. See §7.1 Inverter Internal View for the connector location.
8.1.6
Shunt Wiring
The PS1-RAPS inverter supports two shunts for monitoring renewable sources and loads. Shunt 1
is and internal shunt and Shunt 2 is external. See §4.4.2 Shunt Connections for a description of
shunt usage.
3 4 5
6
7
Figure 21
© Selectronic Australia 2005
1 2
3 4 5
7
ALM COM
ALARM NO
ALARM NC
DO 2 - NO.
DO COM
DO 2 - NC
6
8 9 10 11 12
0V
TEMP NEG
Shunt 2 NEG
Shunt 2 POS
TEMP POS
1 2
0V
J8
Shunt 1 NEG
Shunt 1 POS
J9
DI 5 & 6 COM
5 6
DI 6 Fuel Empty
3 4
DI 5 Low Fuel
1 2
DI 4
J6
DI 4 COM
DI COM
DI 3 Remote Run
DI 2 Fault
DI 1 Gen Cntl-On/Off
DO 1 - COM
DO 1 - NO
The shunts are wired via connector J8 on the Termination PCA as shown below in Figure 21. See
§7.1 Inverter Internal View for the connector location.
8 9 10 11 12
Termination PCA Connections
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9 Installation Procedure
PS1 installation should be performed only by suitably trained and qualified personnel.
The inverter is heavy (up to 98kg). Take care when lifting and moving it. Use appropriate
mechanical lifting aids to move it. The PS1 provides four (4) eye bolts for attaching a lifting
harness.
Unpacking and Inspecting the Inverter
Before shipment the PS1 was rigorously tested and dispatched in perfect working order. Due to
the freight distances and handling involved, the inverter should be inspected as follows before
installing it or connecting power to it:
1. Remove the PS1 from the shipping pallet by removing the two (2) bolts underneath the
pallet.
2. Examine the inverter case and ensure there are no obvious signs of damage.
3. With a suitable screwdriver unscrew the two front door retaining screws and open the door,
to view the various Printed Circuit Board Assemblies (PCA), interconnecting cables and
connectors.
4. Check all cable connectors to ensure they are properly seated in their sockets. Avoid
pulling on the cables or straining their connections.
5. Visually check all connections to circuit breakers and contactors.
6. If all connections are sound and there are no signs of damage to the inverter cabinet,
proceed with installation. If there are problems, please contact the inverter distributor.
7. Please retain the inverter packing material for use if the inverter needs to be shipped.
Site Selection and Preparation
The inverter performance rating is dependent on the environmental operating conditions, in
particular ambient temperature and ventilation. There are also safety considerations that must be
addressed. Appropriate site selection and preparation are fundamental to getting the optimum
performance from the PS1.
The site should be selected and prepared to provide:
1. A dedicated lockable power room/area for PS1 and associated equipment.
2. No access to unauthorized personnel or children.
3. Maintenance of the ambient temperature within the product specification (see Appendix A).
4. Adequate ventilation, away from hot equipment. Ensure unobstructed airflow through the
ventilation holes in the inverter case (sides and door top).
5. A dry location away from water, condensation, electrolyte and corrosive aerosols.
6. A location free from the risk of explosive gas mixtures occurring, such as hydrogen from
batteries or diesel fuel fumes. The inverter contains arcing contacts which may ignite such
mixtures. Never mount the PS1 above batteries.
7. Rodent proof.
8. A mounting surface and method suitable for the inverter weight with adequate safety
margin (see Appendix A.1 Product Specifications for unit weight). If the inverter is wall
mounted the mounting method must be in accordance with the installation instructions using
the fasteners specified.
9. Sufficient space available in front of the inverter to open the inverter door and work on the
inverter internals.
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Mounting the Inverter
Do not energise the inverter, nor connect it to energised wiring, during the installation
process below. Such energisation first occurs during the commissioning process (see
§10 Commissioning Procedure).
Ensure that the installation site is in accordance with the Site Selection and Preparation instructions
above.
All wiring to the inverter must pass through a cut-out in the inverter bottom. Suitable grommet
edging material should be fitted to the cut-outs to protect the wiring from sharp edges. Suitable
gland plates should be fitted to the cut-outs if necessary to keep out vermin. See Appendix A.5
Figure 26 Top View for cut-out details.
To ensure adequate airflow a minimum clearance of 15mm must be provided adjacent to the
ventilation inlet and outlet areas (see Appendix A.5 Figure 24 Side view for ventilation area details).
Airflow is not required through the bottom cut-outs.
The inverter can be shelf-mounted or wall-mounted:
•
For shelf-mounting, the inverter can simply sit on the shelf, or can optionally be bolted to
the shelf via bolts up into the inverters rubber feet. The shelf must allow for the wiring
beneath the inverter.
•
For wall-mounting, a wall-mounted hanging bracket is provided for attachment to the wall
(an optional Z-bracket mounting kit is also available).
The wall mounting must be on a concrete or masonry wall using at least five (5) 8mm bolt
diameter Dynabolt sleeved anchors or equivalent, evenly spaced and fitted according to
manufacturer’s instructions.
Wall-mounting procedure:
•
Tools required; 4mm hex key, drill and spanner to suit anchor bolts.
•
Refer Figure 22 Wall Mounting Brackets.
•
The cabinet mounting bracket and two rubber bumpers is attached to the rear of the PS1
during manufacture. Verify all bracket mounting bolts are tight.
•
Mount the Rear Hanging Bracket. Use the bracket as a template, with the bracket
horizontal mark the hole positions on the wall. At least five evenly spaced mounting holes
must be used.
• Install the anchors as per the anchor manufacturer’s recommendation.
•
Raise the PS1 and lower it onto the hanging bracket ensuring the location slots in the
cabinet mounting bracket mate with the hanging bracket location tongues.
•
Rest the lower portion of the PS1 against the wall on the two rubber buffers.
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Figure 22 Wall Mounting Brackets
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10 Commissioning Procedure
Hazardous voltages and energy are generated by the inverter, are fed into the inverter by
external wiring from multiple sources, and may be stored in capacitors after the inverter is
switched off and disconnected from external wiring. The procedures below are to be performed
only by suitably qualified and trained personnel, with suitable safety precautions.
To avoid safety hazards and possible equipment damage, before working inside the inverter
please read §Inverter Shutdown and Isolation Procedures.
All wiring connected to the inverter must comply with the requirements as described in
§8.1 Inverter External Wiring.
Wiring and Commissioning Procedure
1. Read and understand the procedure below before proceeding. The inverter may require
adjustment for correct behaviour during the procedure.
2. The inverter must be inspected and installed as described in §9 Installation Procedure
above.
3. Ensure that all the inverters front panel DC and AC circuit breakers are open.
4. Earth the inverter by connecting earth wiring from the switchboard earth stake to the
inverter earth stake, and from the inverter earth stake to the inverter Earth terminal.
DC Wiring
5. A battery temperature sensor is supplied pre-wired within the inverter. Pass the sensor
and its wiring out through the inverter bottom cut-out, and mount the sensor in thermal
contact with the centre of the side of a battery.
6. Connect the External Alarm wiring to the inverter (see §8.1 Inverter External Wiring). The
alarm should activate since the inverter is presently out of service.
7. Connect the Generator Control wiring to the inverter (see §8.1 Inverter External Wiring).
For control inputs to the inverter, check that correct signal voltage appears at the inverter
connections. For control outputs from the inverter, check that correct signal voltage (for
inverter out of service) appears at the generator control equipment.
8. Ensure that the ganged battery/renewable DC fuse assembly (or circuit breakers if used) is
opened to isolate DC power wiring. Connect the lugged battery negative lead to the
inverters Battery Negative terminal under the load washer ensuring the face of the lug is
directly against the PS1 contact surface. Tighten the nut with a calibrated torque wrench
to 8 NM.
9. Similarly connect the renewable negative lead to the inverters Renewable Negative
terminal.
10. Similarly connect the battery positive lead to the inverters Battery Positive terminal.
11. Apply DC power to the inverter wiring by closing the ganged battery/renewable DC fuse
assembly (or circuit breakers if used). Stop immediately and investigate if any fuse blows
or circuit breaker trips. The inverters front panel DC Circuit Breaker remains open during
this step. By measurement, verify the polarity of the DC voltage at the inverter terminals.
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Inverter Start
12. Press and release the inverter On/Off button. The inverter indicators will come on and
flash during self test.
13. When the LCD displays “Please close DC CB”, close the inverters front panel DC Circuit
Breaker. The inverter will start and buzz during operation. By measurement, verify that
mains-level AC voltage is present on the inside terminal of the inverters front panel Load
Circuit Breaker, which remains open at this time.
14. Verify that the DC wiring is not connected to earth, by measuring the resistance between
the inverters Earth terminal and the inverters Battery Negative terminal, and between the
inverters Earth terminal and the inverters Battery Positive terminal. If the resistance in
each case is not at least 10kohm, isolate and correct the fault before proceeding. Note
that a capacitor of several microfarad is present inside the inverter across each of these
resistance measurements, charged to about half the battery voltage. You may need to
wait a few seconds for the resistance reading to stabilize while the multimeter impedance
discharges the capacitor. If the multimeter is very high impedance, the discharge time
may be many minutes, and you may need to discharge the capacitor by briefly connecting
a resistor of several kΩ across the multimeter.
15. Turn off the inverter by pressing its On/Off button, then open the inverter front panel DC
Circuit Breaker. Do not be concerned if the inverter trips its DC Circuit Breaker after the
inverter has been off for 15 minutes – this is normal operation.
16. By measurement, verify that AC voltage is no longer present on the inside terminal of the
inverters front panel Load Circuit Breaker, which remains open at this time.
AC Wiring
17. Ensure the generator’s GEN CNTL-ON/OFF switch (a.k.a. AUTO/MAN) is in the OFF
(MAN) position, so the inverter will not try to control the generator.
18. Stop the generator if it is running.
19. Open the load circuit breakers on the switchboard.
20. Ensure that all AC Power leads (load and generator) to be connected to the inverter are
isolated from all external AC sources such as the generator.
21. Connect the AC load wiring to the inverter: neutral to the inverters Neutral terminal, and
active to the inverters front panel Generator Circuit Breaker.
22. Connect the AC generator wiring to the inverter: neutral to the inverters Neutral terminal,
and active to the inverters front panel Generator Circuit Breaker.
23. Remove the isolation of step 20.
Generator
24. Press and release the inverter On/Off button. The inverter indicators will come on and
flash during self test.
25. When the LCD displays “Please close DC CB”, close the inverters front panel DC Circuit
Breaker.
26. Set the generator’s automatic control switch GEN CNTL-ON/OFF (a.k.a. AUTO/MAN) to
ON (AUTO) position.
27. The PS1 Gen Not Available indicator should turn off.
28. Press and hold the OK pushbutton for about 2 seconds and release. The generator
should start.
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29. Close the inverters front panel Generator Circuit Breaker and front panel Load Circuit
Breaker. The inverters Generator Contactor should close.
30. Switch on the inverter by pressing its On/Off button. When the LCD displays “Please
close DC CB”, close the inverters front panel DC Circuit Breaker. The inverter should start
and synchronise to the generator, and the Inv-Sync indicator should flash.
31. Apply an AC load by closing load circuit breakers at the switchboard. Observe the kW
indications on the LCD display.
32. Disconnect the generator by opening the inverters front panel Generator Circuit Breaker,
and verify that the load is then supplied by the inverter. By measurement, verify that the
AC voltage supplied to the load is within acceptable limits.
33. After at least 2 minutes, close the Generator Circuit Breaker, and verify that the inverter resynchronises.
34. At this stage the inverter is operational using the factory set defaults. Disconnect the
generator by opening the inverters front panel Generator Circuit Breaker and manually
stop the Generator.
Inverter Settings
35. The PS1 is configured with default values for all settings, at least some of these are likely
to be unsuitable for your installation. Access the Installer menus via the front panel LCD
and set up the system parameters to suit the site requirements.
36. Importantly, before using the system, ensure that the settings for Batt Size Ah and
Gen:Max kW are configured to suit the battery and generator size installed, and that all
battery charger settings are suitable for the battery type installed and conform to the
battery manufacturer’s recommendations.
END OF PROCEDURE
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11 Inverter Troubleshooting
System problems in the field may be due to:
•
Incorrect generator or renewable adjustment.
•
Incorrect inverter settings.
•
Failure of the generator, renewable, battery, wiring, inverter, control equipment, etc.
11.1 System General Check
If the system is not operating correctly, perform a general check as follows:
1. Check if the inverter front panel LEDs indicate a problem, and take the recommended
action (see §5.4 Front Panel LEDs).
2. Switch off the inverter via its On/Off button for a few seconds then back on. Again check if
the LEDs indicate a problem, and take the recommended action.
3. With the inverter On/Off button switched off and the generator GEN CNTL ON/OFF switch
in the OFF position, check that the generator can be manually started via its own controls
and runs smoothly with customer load applied i.e. no fuel blockage, correct voltage and
frequency.
4. With the inverter On/Off button switched on and the generator GEN CNTL ON/OFF switch
in the AUTO position, check that the generator can be started and stopped using the OK
button on the inverter front panel (see inverter User section of this manual). If not, check
generator control signal wiring and signals.
5. Check the inverter AC voltage with the generator running and not running. If outside
normal tolerance, check the generator AC voltage under various loads.
6. If the inverter fails to synchronise and run with the generator, measure the frequency and
voltage of the generator AC output, and check the LCD display values to ensure the
generator voltage correctly reaches the inverter software. Check the inverter tolerance
limits settings Sync Tol VAC, Sync:Hi Hz and Sync:Lo Tol Hz.
7. If the inverter synchronises but then becomes unstable or disconnects, there may be a
problem with the generator governor, the fuel supply or the power output capability of the
generator. The generator may be unstable supplying small loads. Try adjusting the Gen
Type settings (see §6.5.2 Generator settings).
11.2 Inverter will not Start
If the LEDs remain off when the inverter is switched on via its On/Off button, the inverter did not
start.
This may occur if the battery is excessively discharged, since the inverter electronics are powered
from the DC (battery) side not the AC (generator) side. Check the battery voltage – if less than the
restart voltage (Inv:Restart V ), the inverter will not start. Turn off all loads to minimize battery
drain, and allow the battery several minutes to recover. If the inverter still will not start, the battery
must be at least partially recharged, from renewables for example. If the battery voltage is ok:
11.3 No AC Power to Load while Generator Off
Check if the inverter front panel LEDs indicate a problem, and take the recommended action as
described in §5.4 Front Panel LEDs. If no problem was indicated, switch the inverter On/Off button
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off for a few seconds then back on. If this does not restore normal operation, again check if the
front panel LEDs indicate a problem, and take the recommended action as described in §5.4
Front Panel LEDs.
11.4 Inverter Not Charging Battery
Check if the inverter front panel LEDs indicate a problem, and take the recommended action as
described in §5.4 Front Panel LEDs. If no problem is indicated, switch the inverter On/Off button
off for a few seconds then back on. If this does not restore normal operation, again check if the
front panel LEDs indicate a problem, and take the recommended action as described in §5.4
Front Panel LEDs.
Is the DC Fuse blown or DC circuit breaker tripped? (see procedure below)
Is the AC Contactor closed? (trace the AC voltage through the wiring)
11.5 Inverter Shuts Down
Whenever the inverter shuts down, it attempts to restart. If the cause persists and ten restarts have
accumulated within one minute, further restarts will be attempted once per minute.
The inverter shuts down automatically for the following conditions, which should be investigated:
•
Overload
•
DC over-voltage and under-voltage
•
Over-temperature
•
AC over-frequency and under-frequency
•
AC over-voltage and under-voltage
•
Excessive battery discharge
Check if the inverter front panel LEDs indicate a problem, and take the recommended action as
described in §5.4 Front Panel LEDs.
Starting a large motor, such as a several horsepower irrigation pump, may overload the inverter. If
the overload persists for more than 10 seconds, the inverter will shut down but will restart after
about 30 seconds.
11.6 Inverter Software Failure
If the software is not running, the LCD display and buttons will be dead, and no AC or DC power
will flow in the inverter.
Switch the inverter On/Off button off for a few seconds then back on. If this does not restore
normal operation, again check if the front panel LEDs indicate a problem, and take the
recommended action as described in §5.4 Front Panel LEDs. .
Is the DC Fuse blown or DC circuit breaker tripped? (see procedure below)
11.7 DC Circuit Breaker Trips
DC circuit breaker trip may be due to battery undervoltage. Check if the front panel LEDs indicate a
problem, and take the recommended action as described in §5.4 Front Panel LEDs.
Are the battery connections to the inverter reversed?
Inspect for a short circuit in the inverter DC wiring.
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May be due to a very high DC current which cannot be controlled electronically. The inverter will
stop operating, and may be faulty. Switch off the inverter On/Off button, and run the generator
manually to supply the loads.
11.8 Inverter does not start Generator
1. Check that when the generator GEN CNTL ON/OFF switch is in the AUTO position, the
inverter front panel Generator LED indication is steady ON. If not, the inverter cannot
control the generator.
2. Check if the inverter front panel LEDs indicate a problem, and take the recommended
action as described in §5.4 Front Panel LEDs.
3. Switch the inverter On/Off button off for a few seconds then back on. If this does not
restore normal operation, check if the front panel LEDs now indicate a problem, and take
the recommended action as described in §5.4 Front Panel LEDs.
4. With the inverter switched off and the generator GEN CNTL ON/OFF switch in the OFF
position, check that the generator can be manually started via its own controls and runs
smoothly with customer load applied i.e. no fuel blockage, correct voltage and frequency.
5. With the inverter switched on and the generator GEN CNTL ON/OFF switch in the ON
position, check that the generator can be started and stopped using the OK button on the
inverter front panel. If not, check wiring and interface signals.
6. Check that the generator running requirements are correctly set up (see §6.5.2 Generator
settings).
11.9 Inverter does not Synchronise to Generator
The inverter cannot synchronise to the generator because the generator AC voltage or frequency is
too high or low. Check the LCD displays of measured generator voltage, frequency and frequency
variation (readings Gen VAC, Gen Hz and Gen var Hz ).
Check the inverter tolerance settings Sync Tol VAC, Sync Hi Hz and Sync Lo Hz in §6.5.3
AC Output settings.
The generator governor speed setting or AC voltage may need adjustment. It may help to put
some load on the generator to stabilize its voltage and frequency.
11.10 Inverter & Generator Load Sharing Incorrect
Is the load within the combined rating of inverter plus generator?
Switch off the inverter On/Off button, manually run the generator, and check whether the generator
supplies the load in a stable manner. The generator governor speed setting may need adjustment.
Is the inverter setup correct? Check relevant settings in the menu system.
Is the generator AC voltage or current measurement faulty? (see §11 Inverter Troubleshooting)
Is the inverter AC voltage or current measurement faulty? (see §11 Inverter Troubleshooting)
11.11 Generator Runs at the Wrong Times
For example, the generator starts late at night and then never starts until the middle of the day.
The time of day clock may be incorrectly set (see settings Time:Set Hour and Time:Set Min).
Check that the overnight load is not excessive, and that the battery has not lost capacity and is
forcing the generator to start prematurely.
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11.12 The Generator Runs for a Long Time
It may be doing a Equalise charge which can take some hours to complete; check if the Equalise
indicator is flashing. The charging setup may need adjustment (see §4.3 Battery Management).
There may be a sustained load on the system. Check to see that appliances have not been left on.
If you need to manually stop the generator, see §4.1.1.4 Generator Automatic Stopping. If the
generator restarts a minute or so later then the battery is discharged, the battery volts are low or a
load is present. You can shut the generator down permanently by switching the GEN CNTL
ON/OFF switch on the generator to OFF.
11.13 Incorrect Inverter AC Voltage
Check the setting for Inv:Nom VAC in the menu system (see §6.5.3 AC Output settings).
11.14 Incorrect Battery Charging
Check that the inverter battery charging requirements are correctly set up (see §4.3.1 Battery
Charger Operation).
Check that the renewable battery charger is correctly set up (see §4.3.1 Battery Charger
Operation).
Are the inverters DC voltage or current measurements faulty? (see §11 Inverter Troubleshooting)
11.15 Data Logging
Every 15 minutes the inverter automatically logs (records) a set of voltage, current, power and
temperature values. Most values are logged as average values for the 15 minute period, and some
as minimum and maximum values for the period. The inverter stores 8 days (8x24x4 = 768
periods) of data in battery-backed memory i.e. the data is not lost when inverter power is removed.
As each new day’s data is logged, it overwrites the oldest day's data.
The logged data also includes a record of inverter events such as the times at which the inverter
was switched on, battery charging started and stopped, etc. Each event is recorded with its time
and date from the inverters internal battery-backed time/date clock in the Control PCA.
The logged data allows system performance analysis and problem diagnosis. Using a PC
connected to the inverters serial port either directly or remotely via a modem.
Hazardous voltages and energy exist inside the inverter, and are fed into the inverter by
external wiring, and may be stored in capacitors after the inverter is switched off and
disconnected from external wiring. Only qualified electricians should open the inverter
enclosure to connect/disconnect the serial port.
The PC runs a standard terminal program such as TELIX or the Windows HyperTerminal
accessory. The terminal program must be able to capture a text file of logged data from the
inverter. Via the terminal program, a single day’s data or all logged data can be retrieved into a file
in the PC. Contact your supplier for further information on remote access to logged data.
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12 Inverter Shutdown & Isolation Procedures
Hazardous voltages and energy are generated in the inverter, are fed into the inverter by
external wiring from multiple sources, and may be stored in capacitors after the inverter is
switched off and disconnected from external wiring. The procedures below are to be performed
only by suitably qualified and trained personnel, and only with suitable safety precautions. Before
performing any work on the inverter or opening its front door, please refer to §1 Precautions and
Safety.
To avoid safety hazards or inverter damage, perform the §12.2 Inverter Isolation Procedure
and the §12.3 Inverter Discharge Procedure below before disconnecting/reconnecting any
cables in the inverter.
12.1 Inverter Shutdown Procedure
Use this procedure to shut down the inverter:
1. Switch off the inverter by pressing the inverter On/Off button for a second, checking all the
LEDs go off.
2. Unless the generator is to supply the load via the inverters Generator Contactor, open the
GENERATOR AC and LOAD circuit breakers.
3. Open the DC circuit breaker if desired (in any case, it will trip automatically 15 minutes after
the inverter is switched off.)
To shut down and isolate the inverter from all energy sources, for example to work on it or replace
it, use the Inverter Isolation Procedure below.
12.2 Inverter Isolation Procedure
Before working inside the inverter, or on the external wiring connected to its AC and DC power
terminals, use this procedure to isolate the inverter and the wiring from all external AC and DC
energy sources:
1. Switch OFF the inverter using the On/Off button, and check all LEDs go off.
generator may still be supplying the load via the inverters Generator Contactor.
The
2. If the generator is to supply the load while the inverter is isolated, close the inverter bypass
switch on the switchboard (if fitted).
3. Remove AC voltage from the inverter terminals, by opening the inverter isolator on the
switchboard.
4. Open the GENERATOR AC and LOAD circuit breakers.
5. Open the DC circuit breaker, to stop any large DC current flowing in the inverter DC wiring.
6. If the ganged DC fuse assembly does not support on-load extraction/insertion, switch off
the renewable regulator to stop DC current flow through the ganged fuse assembly.
7. Open the ganged DC fuse assembly (or ganged circuit breaker if used), to remove battery
and renewable voltage from the inverter terminals.
8. Open the inverter front door. Confirm with a voltmeter or voltage detector that negligible
AC voltage is present on the inverter AC terminals, and that negligible DC voltage is
present on the inverter DC terminals.
9. Hazardous DC voltage may remain on capacitors inside the inverter. Before working
inside the inverter, discharge the capacitors using §12.3 Inverter Discharge Procedure.
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12.3 Inverter Discharge Procedure
When the inverter has been isolated using §12.2 Inverter Isolation Procedure, use the following
procedure to discharge the Power PCA capacitors:
1. To prevent electrostatic damage to electronic components inside the inverter, discharge
yourself by touching the earthed unpainted inverter frame.
2. Momentarily join the two pins of J11 on the Power PCA (see §7.1 Inverter Internal View)
for J11 location on the PCA). This will cause the Power PCA to discharge the capacitors.
3. Wait for about 30 seconds for the capacitors to discharge to a low level.
4. Ensure the capacitors have been discharged, by measuring their DC voltage between the
inverters Battery Negative terminal and the inverter side of the DC circuit breaker.
12.4 Inverter De-isolation Procedure
After the inverter and its wiring have been isolated using §12.2 Inverter Isolation Procedure, use
this procedure to remove the isolation and restore the inverter to service:
1. Ensure the inverters DC circuit breaker is open.
2. Close the inverters LOAD and GENERATOR AC Circuit Breakers.
3. Close the inverter isolator on the switchboard.
4. Open the inverter bypass switch on the switchboard. If the generator is running it will now
be supplying the load via the inverters Generator Contactor.
5. If the ganged DC fuse assembly does not support on-load extraction/insertion, switch off
the renewable regulator to stop DC current flow through the ganged fuse assembly.
6. Close the ganged fuse assembly (or ganged circuit breaker if used). Switch on the
renewable regulator.
7. Switch on the inverter using the On/Off button, and check that the LEDs show successful
inverter self-test and startup.
8. Close the DC circuit breaker when requested by the LCD display.
12.5 Inverter Startup Procedure
Use this procedure to start up the inverter:
1. If not already closed, close the Generator Circuit Breaker.
2. If not already closed, close the LOAD circuit breaker.
3. Switch on the inverter by pressing the inverter On/Off button for a second, checking the
LEDs then indicate startup (see inverter User section of this manual). If the inverter had
shut down from an abnormal cause, it may be necessary to operate the On/Off button
several times.
4. When the inverters' internal capacitors have pre-charged, the LCD will display "Please
close DC CB below". Then close the DC circuit breaker.
5. The self-test will run, and when complete, the inverter will start running and synchronise to
the generator.
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Appendix A Specifications
A.1 Product Specifications
Parameter
Product
PS1 5/24
PS1 6/48
PS1 10/48
Battery voltage nominal
Battery voltage default range
Continuous output power @ 25˚C
24V DC
22-34V DC
5kW
48V DC
44-68V DC
6kW
48V DC
44-68V DC
10kW
Continuous output power @ 30˚C
4.5kW
5.5kW
9kW
PS1 12/120
(11/108 1)
Inverter Mode
108V DC
120V DC
98-170V DC
11kW
10kW
12kW
11kW
Continuous output power @ 40˚C
4kW
5kW
8kW
Continuous output power @ 50˚C
Continuous output power @ 60˚C
3.2kW
2kW
4kW
2.5kW
6.4kW
4kW
9kW
7.2kW
5kW
10kW
8kW
5.5kW
Max output power five minutes @
25˚C (initial power <1kW)
6.5kW
8kW
13kW
14kW
16kW
Maximum overload 0~5 seconds
8kW
10kW
16kW
20kW
22kW
Maximum continuous output interactive mode @ 25˚C
5kW +
generator
output
6kW +
generator
output
10kW +
generator
output
11kW +
generator
output
12kW +
generator
output
Maximum continuous AC output
current
21A +
generator
current
(max 63A)
25A +
generator
current
(max 63A)
42A +
generator
current
(max 125A)
46A +
generator
current
(max
125A)
50A +
generator
current
(max
125A)
Maximum continuous DC
input/output current
250A DC
150A DC
250A DC
120A DC
DC input inverter in auto search, no
AC load
0.6A/15W
0.3A/15W
0.3A/15W
0.12A/15W
DC Input inverter ON, no AC load
< 2.5A/
60W
< 1.35A/
65W
< 1.9A/ 90W
< 105W
Auto search sensitivity range
5-40W
5-40W
5-40W
5-40W
240 +14%, 50Hz
+/- .01%
240 +14%, 50Hz
+/- .01%
240 +1- 4%,
50Hz +/.01%
240 +1- 4%, 50Hz +/.01%
Output voltage/frequency - invert
mode, zero to max load
Total harmonic distortion, zero to
max load
1
<4%
Configurable via Settings Menu
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Interactive Mode
Changeover time, invert to
generator
Maximum supported generator
capacity
Load switched to generator in fault
mode
Max inverter charge rate,
adjustable
Max inverter charge power
No of charge stages
Charge type
Charge settings
Generator Start Parameters
zero
10kVA
15kVA
20kVA
30kVA
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
0-200A
0-120A
0-200A
0-100A
Continuous output power of inverter (ref above)
Four stages plus equalise
Unity PF: 4-state constant voltage with current and power limiting
Adjustable to suit all battery types
4 x time of day, 3 x state of charge
2 x adjustable power limits, 4 x back up times
Battery voltage, inverter shutdown
Inverter temperature
2 or 3 wire, pulsed and/or run signal (adjustable)
Generator start method
General
Weight
Weight packed
Dimensions
Communications serial interface
Memory retention of settings and
logged data
72kg
79kg
73kg
87kg
93kg
80kg
94kg
100kg
585H, 400W (430 incl. mtg flanges), 420D (mm)
RS232 x 2400 bps
Permanent via on board battery backed RAM, and EEPROM
Number of shunts
Circuit breaker for generator input
Circuit breaker for AC output
63A
63A
Circuit breaker for DC battery input
250A
125A with
electronic
trip
250A with
electronic
trip
125A with electronic
trip
400mA
245mA
245mA
120mA
20mA
20mA
Standby battery current, inverter
shutdown (DC CB closed)
Battery current, DC CB tripped
Standards
Efficiency @10% nominal Load
@30% nominal Load
@50% nominal Load
@100% nominal Load
Safety isolation
Power factor charging
Power factor inverting
One x 100A internal / one optional external
63A
125A
125A
63A
125A
125A
20mA
20mA
Ctick, AS3100
87.0%
85.0%
91.0%
90.0%
90.0%
91.0%
93.0%
96.0%
95.0%
95.0%
91.0%
93.0%
96.0%
96.0%
96.0%
90.0%
92.0%
93.0%
94.0%
94.5%
AC output to chassis & battery 5kV, battery to chassis 1kV
Unity
0 to 1
Enclosure rating
IP40
Cooling method
Thermostatically controlled fans
Circuit breakers on all external power connections, plus electronic
trip of DC breaker* providing reverse battery protection
Records over 200 events, alarms and data which can be accessed
remotely via serial port/modem. Current day on LCD
Configuration parameters, Batt Volts, Net Batt Amps, AC Load kW,
Gen kW/Volts/Freq, Av daily kWh, Shunt 1 & 2 Amps, Event log,
Charge Amps, State of Charge
Protection
On board log
Four line alphanumeric backlit LCD
displays:
* no electronic breaker trip on 24V model
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A.2 Generator Control Interface Specification
See §4.1.4 Generator Control Interface for description of the interface signals operation.
Control Relays
Digital Out1 (DO1) – NO contact – J6 pins 1, 2 – Termination PCA
Digital Out2 (DO2) – NO/NC contact – J9 pins 7, 8 & 9 – Termination PCA
Output functions
GEN RUN – DO1 or DO2 (default DO1 when Ctrl Rlys set to Standard)
GEN PULSE – DO2 or DO1 (default DO2 when Ctrl Rlys set to Standard)
Diagram indicates coil state.
Start Sequence
Stop Sequence
Energised
GEN RUN
De-energised
GEN PULSE
Gen:Pulse Delay
Gen:Pulse Time
Gen:Pulse Time
Gen:Pulse Delay – Pulse delay time: 1 – 10 seconds (default 2 seconds)
Gen:Pulse Time – Pulse time: 1 – 10 seconds (default 2 seconds)
Control Inputs
Control Inputs
Termination board
connection
Function
DI1
J6 pins 3, 6
Run Mode
DI2
J6 pins 4, 6
Fault
DI3
J6 pins 5, 6
Remote Run
DI5
J9 pins 3, 5
Low Fuel
DI6
J9 pins 4, 5
Fuel Empty
Control Input Parameter
Limit
Minimum ON time
0.5 sec
Maximum ON time for pulse
2.0 sec
Maximum voltage recognised as
In-active
3VDC - Polarity
independent
Minimum voltage recognised as
Active
8VDC - Polarity
independent
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Maximum voltage recognised as
Active
30VDC - Polarity
independent
Automatic
Manual
Run
Active
In-active
Fault
No Fault
Fault
Remote Run
0.5 – 2 seconds
Low Fuel
Low Fuel
Fuel Ok
No Fuel
Fuel Ok
No Fuel
Figure 23
Control Inputs
A.3 Battery Cable Recommendation
Recommended Battery Cable Sizes:
Total distance of one
conductor from PS1
to Battery terminals
Battery Cable Minimum Size in mm2 and (% power loss).
(V- 75, V-90 or V-90HT insulation)
PS1
5/24
PS1
6/68
PS1
10/48
PS1
11/108
PS1
12/120
<2m
2 x 50
(1.3)
70 (0.5)
2 x 50
(0.3)
70 (0.2)
70 (0.2)
2 - 5m
Note 1
2 x 50
(0.9)
2 x 50
(0.6)
70 (0.5)
70 (0.4)
5 -10m
Note 1
2 x 50
(1.8)
2 x 50
(1.6)
70 (1.0)/
2 x 50
(0.7)
70 (0.9) )/
2 x 50
(0.6)
>10m
Note 1
Note 1
Note 1
Note 1
Note 1
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Note 1: This cable length/product combination is not recommended.
A.4 Battery Fuse Recommendation
Recommended Battery Fuse Sizes:
Product
PS1
5/24
PS1
6/68
PS1
10/48
PS1
11/108
PS1
12/120
Battery Fuse
Rating (A)
315
200
315
200
200
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A.5 Mechanical Details
Figure 24 Side view
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Figure 25 Front View
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Figure 26 Top View
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A.6 Standards Compliance
AS/NZS 3100:2000
Approval and Test Specification – General Requirements for Electrical
Equipment
AS/NZS 1044:1995
Amendment 1:1997
Amendment 2:2000
Limits and methods of measurements of radio disturbance characteristics
of electrical motor-operated and thermal appliances for household and
similar purposes, electric tools and similar electric apparatus.
Ctick Australia
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Appendix B Definitions
B.1 Settings Index
10min Avg kW, 44
10min Start kW, 51, 66
2min Avg kW, 44
2min Start kW, 51
30min Avg kW, 44
30min Start kW, 51, 66
30s Avg kW, 44
30s Start kW, 51
Absorb:Chrg A, 25, 50, 72
Absorb:Chrg V, 25, 49, 72
Absorb:End A/15m, 25
Absorb:Time mins, 50, 72
Alarm Out, 30, 60
Backup Run Schedule, 19
Backup Run Schedule – Run Dur A, 57
Backup Run Schedule - Start Time A, 57
Backup Run Schedule Time, 53
Backup Time A, 54
Backup Time C, 55
Backup Time D, 55
Batt Amps, 41
Batt In kWh, 46
Batt Out kWh, 46
Batt Size Ah, 41, 42, 47, 64
Batt SoC%, 41, 42
Batt Volts, 41
Battery C, 43
Begin Lvl 1 Hr, 15, 21, 49, 58, 65
Begin Lvl 2 Hr, 15, 49, 59, 65
Begin Lvl 3 Hr, 15, 49, 59, 65
Bulk:Chrg A, 50, 71
Bulk:Chrg V, 25, 49, 71
Bulk:Time mins, 25, 50, 71
Chrg:End A/15m, 51
Chrg:Max hrs, 73
Chrg:Max Hrs, 51
Ctrl Rlys, 68
Days to Eqlise, 43
Delta Gen Hz, 44
Eqlise:Chrg A, 50, 72
Eqlise:Chrg V, 25, 49, 72
Eqlise:Freq Day, 25
Eqlise:Freq Days, 73
Eqlise:Limit V, 25, 51, 72
Eqlise:Time hrs, 25, 50, 72
Float:Hold V, 47
Gen Avail, 67
Gen Hz, 43, 44
Gen kVAr, 24, 44
Gen kW, 42, 44
Gen kWh, 46
Gen Run Schedule, 19
Gen Run Schedule – Run Dur A, 56
© Selectronic Australia 2005
Gen Run Schedule - Start Time A, 56
Gen Run Schedule Start Time, 53
Gen Type, 68
Gen VAC, 43
Gen:Avail kW, 44
Gen:Max kW, 47, 66, 67
Gen:Min Load kW, 15, 52, 67
Gen:Min Run min, 15, 19, 20, 51, 52, 59, 66
Gen:Pulse Delay, 68
Gen:Pulse Time, 68
Gen:Revse kW, 67
Gen:Start V1, 47, 66
Gen:Start V2, 47, 66
Heatsink C, 43
Init:Chrg A, 25, 50, 71
Init:Chrg V, 25, 49, 71
Init:Time mins, 25, 50, 71
Internal C, 43
Inv: Restart V, 47
Inv Amps, 42
Inv Hz, 43
Inv kVAr, 24, 44
Inv kW, 42, 44
Inv VAC, 43
Inv:Hrs to OFF, 61, 62
Inv:Nom VAC, 69
Inv:Restart V, 65
Inv:Shtdwn HV, 65
Inv:Shtdwn SoC%, 48, 64
Inv:Shtdwn V1, 65, 66
Inv:Shtdwn V2, 65, 66
Inv:ShtdwnV1, 47
Inv:ShtdwnV2, 47
Inv:SoC Cntl, 65
L/Term Count, 45, 61
L/Term Limit, 61
Level 1 SoC%, 15, 48, 64, 65
Level 2 SoC%, 48, 64, 65
Level 3 SoC%, 15, 48, 64, 65
Load kW, 41, 42
Load kWh, 46
Load kWh/Day, 42
Load Search, 60
Load Search W, 52, 60
Ovr/Load Count, 45
Passcode, 62
Remote Gen Run – Auto Stop, 67
Run Dur A hrs, 53
Run Dur B hrs, 53
Run Dur C hrs, 54, 55
Run Dur D hrs, 54, 55
S/Term Count, 45, 61
S/Term Limit, 61
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Scheduled Gen Run – Auto Stop, 19, 57
Set SoC%, 58, 59
Shunt 1 A/mV, 70
Shunt 1 Amp, 42
Shunt 1 DC Load, 70
Shunt 1 kWh, 46
Shunt 1 Renewable, 70
Shunt 1 Zero, 70
Shunt 2, 70
Shunt 2 Amp, 42
Shunt 2 kWh, 46
Start Time A, 53
Start Time B, 53
Start Time C, 54
Start Time D, 54
Sync Hi Hz, 69
Sync Lo Hz, 69
Sync Tol VAC, 47, 69
Sys Shtdwn, 45
Time:Set Hour, 58
Time:Set Min, 58
Transformer C, 43
B.2 Event Definitions
E#
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
13
14
15
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
25
26
27
31
34
35
38
39
40
41
42
43
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
Event Cause
Generator did not start when required
Generator started but inverter could not synchronise
Illegal Scheduler state - Reset Scheduler
Illegal Generator Control state - Reset Generator Control
Illegal Inverter state - Reset inverter
Generator did not shutdown when required
Generator manually started via front panel control
Generator manually stopped via front panel control
Generator not under inverter control
Generator under inverter control
Hardware DC over current
Hardware bridge over current shutdown
Hardware DC over voltage shutdown
Control PCA initiated shutdown
Software initiated shutdown
Power PCA initiated shutdown
Sustained shutdown input
Recurring shutdown input
I2T 10 sec overload shutdown
Sustained current limit shutdown
Command port overflow
I2T 32 sec overload shutdown
AC overvoltage shutdown
Generator start on low DC volts, high load
Battery volts high shutdown
Battery volts were high now OK
Generator controller, shutdown on fault input
Generator controller, retry generator start
Generator controller, no start after 3 retries
Generator started using remote start
Generator stopped using remote start
Generator controller, no pulse signal, volts present
Generator start on low DC volts, low load
Scheduler generator start on 30 sec load
Scheduler generator start on 2 min load
Scheduler generator start on 10 min load
Scheduler generator start on 30 min load
Scheduler start on level 2 SoC
Scheduler start on level 1 SoC
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52
53
54
55
56
57
61
63
64
65
66
67
69
70
73
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
98
99
100
101
103
104
106
109
110
111
112
118
119
120
122
123
124
125
126
134
135
138
139
144
146
151
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Scheduler start on level 3 SoC
Low battery restart with AC volts
Generator disconnect due to reverse power
Generator disconnect due to bad ACV or Freq
Generator disconnect due to current limit
Generator disconnect due to very low AC volt
Low battery reset with renewable recovery
Fuel Low Alarm
Fuel Low Alarm reset
Fuel Empty Generator shutdown
Fuel Empty reset
System restart by internal reset
Generator started, 14 days since last run
Generator stopped during charge cycle
Generator shutdown - midnight low load
Setting store corrupt, reloaded default values
First block of setting store bad - restored from parameter ram
Second block of setting store bad - restored from parameter ram
Setting store missing or bad settings, reloaded default values
Restart after power up or micro reset
Equalise manually initiated
Equalise or Generator run manually stopped
Generator disconnect due to sustained power error
Generator supplying load, inverter inhibited
Settings loaded OK
Setting store failed
Setting edit timed out, setting unchanged
Setting modified
Equalise terminated on max time
Equalise terminated normally
Equalise charge started
Equalise automatically initiated
Initial charge started
Over temperature shutdown
Permanent data erased
State of charge shutdown
Low battery voltage shutdown
Self test completed OK
Renewable battery float achieved, equalisation deferred one day
Generator start from OK pushbutton
Generator stop from OK pushbutton
Time of day changed
Data logging restarted
Remote start Generator command
Remote stop Generator command
Remote initiate Equalise command
Remote finish Equalise command
Generator start, high temp
Generator start, overload shutdown
Shutdown repetitive minor events
Non urgent alarm asserted
Generator shutdown due to frequency shift
Normal generator shutdown
Abnormal charge end, excess Ahr
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152
154
155
174
175
176
180
181
195
197
200
201
202
203
204
206
207
210
211
215
216
220
221
222
223
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
240
241
PS1 Sinewave Interactive Inverter Charger
Normal charge end
Abnormal Equalise end, excess Ahr
Abnormal charge end, reverse Generator power
Run time completed in non-preferred period
Generator run request after overload shutdown
Emergency reset & Generator run, battery very low
Skipped midnight shutdown, load high
Skipped midnight shutdown, equalise in progress
DC Circuit Breaker open, inverter shutdown
Scheduled generator start
Inverter fault shutdown - 15V supply fail
Power board MOSFET control shutdown
CB open shutdown - current sustained after disable
Heatsink temperature high shutdown
TX temperature high shutdown
Generator contactor fault
Processor turning power off
Overcharge adjusted
Undercharge adjusted
Battery temperature senor FAILED
Battery temperature senor OK
Scheduled Generator stop
Backup Generator start
Backup Generator stop
Self test fail
Generator request ignored - Generator not in auto
Setting store - detected write failure
Setting store - cleared write failure
Inverter out of service
Bulk charge started
Absorb charge started
Absorb charge complete
Charge stage timeout
Equalise state aborted
Manual mode Inverter auto disconnect from Generator
Over temperature Generator Start
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Appendix C Revisions and Changes
C.1 Revisions to this Document
Revision
Date
Description
01
31 Mar 2005
Initial release
02
23 May 2005
Revised specification & minor clarifications.
C.2 Software Version Applicability
This manual is applicable to the following software versions:
Version
2.AD, 2.BD,
2.CD, 2.DD
Description
Initial release
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