REAL CHAMBERS CORPORATION CHAMBER USER`S MANUAL

REAL CHAMBERS CORPORATION CHAMBER USER`S MANUAL
Real Chambers Test Chambers
Overview
REAL CHAMBERS CORPORATION
CHAMBER USER’S MANUAL
11001199 REV. M
Overview
Real Chambers Test Chambers
Overview
o Service
The Real Chambers Test Chambers have been designed for years of safe and
dependable operation. In the event service is required, contact the nearest Real
Chambers authorized service center or contact Real Chambers at:
Real Chambers Corporation
10392 E. 48th Avenue
Denver, CO 80238 USA
Phone: 1-888-292-1552
www.realchambers.com
o Design Modification
DO NOT use this product in any manner not consistent with the instructions
outlined in this manual!
NEVER alter the design, or perform service that is not consistent with the
instructions outlined in this manual, without the prior written approval of Real
Chambers! Any service done without the approval of Real Chambers will result in
termination of product warranty.
o Additional Copies
Additional copies of this manual are available by contacting Real Chambers at the
address listed above.
No part of this document may be reproduced or copied in any form, or by any means,
without the prior written permission of Real Chambers Corporation
Copyright 2013
Real Chambers Corporation
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Overview
Real Chambers Test Chambers



The staff and employees of Real Chambers thank you for choosing our product.
Please don’t hesitate to call us with any questions or comments that you may
have. If after reading through this manual, you are not confident in carrying out
any task, please call Real Chambers Technical Service team at 1-888-292-1552.
This manual is intended for use by Real Chambers Corporation Test Chamber
customers. It is important to read and understand the information in this manual
before installing or operating the chamber system. This will result in safer operation,
longer equipment life, and more effective testing. This manual pertains to the REAL
model chambers. Other component manufacturers which provide their own manuals
are sent along with the chamber.
The Environmental Chamber system offers you the ability to expose your new
product to extreme temperatures at very rapid rates of change. This has proven to be
an extremely effective means of identifying failure-prone components and assemblies
in the shortest possible time. The unique characteristics of Real Chambers Test
Chamber systems are of key importance in achieving this effectiveness.
SAFETY FIRST!
Liquid Nitrogen is not harmful if handled properly. However, without proper handling,
severe frostbite and cryogenic burning can result.
o



During this process, you will need:
Safety glasses with side shields
Cryogenic insulated gloves
Hearing protection


Leather working gloves
Steel toed shoes
o Symbols and statements throughout this text and their meaning:
Text following this symbol needs extra attention.
NOTE: Text in this format is extra information helpful to the situation.
CAUTION: Text in this format is information to help avoid personal injury and/or
property damage.
WARNING!:
Text in this format is information to help avoid serious
personal injury or death, and property damage.
Table of Contents
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Table of Contents
Real Chambers Test Chambers
OVERVIEW ..................................................................................................................... II
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SERVICE ..................................................................................................................... II
DESIGN MODIFICATION.............................................................................................. II
ADDITIONAL COPIES .................................................................................................. II
DURING THIS PROCESS, YOU WILL NEED:................................................................... III
SYMBOLS AND STATEMENTS THROUGHOUT THIS TEXT AND THEIR MEANING: ........... III
DESCRIPTION OF SAFETY FEATURES ....................................................................2
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MAIN DISCONNECT SWITCH .......................................................................................2
EMERGENCY-STOP BUTTON........................................................................................2
EMERGENCY DOOR OPEN BUTTON (ONLY AVAILABLE ON 9 AND 16 SQ. FT. MODELS)3
DOOR INTERLOCK SWITCHES ......................................................................................4
TEMPERATURE HIGH/LOW LIMIT CONTROLLER .........................................................4
SPECIFICATIONS AND UTILITY REQUIREMENTS ..............................................5
PERFORMANCE ..................................................................................................................5
SYSTEM DETAILS...............................................................................................................6
DIMENSIONS AND UTILITIES ..............................................................................................7
FEATURES ........................................................................................................................8
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TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEM ..............................................................................8
AIR CIRCULATION FAN ...............................................................................................9
INSTRUMENTS .............................................................................................................9
OPTIONAL VIBRATION TABLE AND HAMMERS (REAL, TVC LINE) ...........................9
OPERATOR CONTROL SWITCHES .................................................................................9
CTI CONTROLLER .....................................................................................................11
SYSTEM INSTALLATION ...........................................................................................13
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LOCATION .................................................................................................................13
ELECTRICAL POWER HOOK-UP .................................................................................13
COMPRESSED AIR CONNECTION ...............................................................................13
LIQUID NITROGEN PLUMBING ...................................................................................14
EXHAUST GAS PLUMBING .........................................................................................14
INSTALLING CHAMBER LIGHTS .................................................................................14
LOCATION OF UTILITY CONNECTIONS ......................................................................15
START-UP PROCEDURE .............................................................................................15
OPERATION ...................................................................................................................18
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AIR SAFETY CONTROLLER OPERATION .....................................................................18
CHAMBER PLC CONTROLLER OPERATION................................................................19
OPTIONAL VIBRATION SYSTEM OPERATION ...................................................19
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Table of Contents
Real Chambers Test Chambers
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MOUNTING OF PRODUCT ...........................................................................................19
MANUAL MODE ........................................................................................................19
AUTOMATIC MODE ...................................................................................................19
ACCELEROMETER LIMITS..........................................................................................20
SYSTEM MAINTENANCE ...........................................................................................21
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MAINTENANCE TASKS TO BE PERFORMED ON A DAILY BASIS ..................................21
MAINTENANCE TASKS TO BE PERFORMED ON A MONTHLY BASIS ............................21
MAINTENANCE TASKS TO BE PERFORMED EVERY THREE MONTHS ..........................23
MAINTENANCE TASKS TO BE PERFORMED ON AN ANNUAL BASIS ............................23
REPLACEMENT PARTS ..............................................................................................24
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VALVES ....................................................................................................................24
SENSORS ...................................................................................................................26
ELECTRICAL ..............................................................................................................27
VIBRATION (TVC AND REAL MODELS ONLY) ..........................................................29
TROUBLESHOOTING ..................................................................................................31
o
COMPONENT IDENTIFICATION/LOCATION .................................................................33
DRAWINGS APPENDIX ...............................................................................................35
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Table of Figures
Real Chambers Test Chambers
Table of Figures
FIGURE 1 - LIGHT BULB RETENTION ....................................................................................15
FIGURE 2 - FAN ROTATION DIRECTION ................................................................................16
List of Tables
TABLE 1 - CHAMBER PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATIONS ..........................................................5
TABLE 2 - SYSTEM DETAILS..................................................................................................6
TABLE 3 – DIMENSIONS AND UTILITIES ................................................................................7
TABLE 4 - I/P VALVES.........................................................................................................24
TABLE 5 - LIQUID NITROGEN COOLING SOLENOID VALVE (REAL-20/REAL-20T) ...........24
TABLE 6 - COOLING SAFETY VALVES .................................................................................25
TABLE 7 - VIBRATION SAFETY SOLENOID ...........................................................................25
TABLE 8 - AIR PURGE SOLENOID ........................................................................................25
TABLE 9 - PROPORTIONAL LIQUID NITROGEN VALVE .........................................................26
TABLE 10 - REPLACEMENT THERMOCOUPLE ......................................................................26
TABLE 11 - REPLACEMENT RTD .........................................................................................27
TABLE 12 – REPLACEMENT DOOR GUARD SWITCH ............................................................27
TABLE 13 - REPLACEMENT LIGHT BULB .............................................................................27
TABLE 14 - SOLID STATE RELAY ........................................................................................27
TABLE 15 - REPLACEMENT HAMMERS ................................................................................29
TABLE 16 - REPLACEMENT ACCELEROMETER AND CABLE .................................................29
TABLE 17 - REPLACEMENT VOLUME BOOSTER ...................................................................29
TABLE 18 - REPLACEMENT AIR LUBRICATOR .....................................................................30
TABLE 19 - HAMMER AIR FITTINGS ....................................................................................30
TABLE 20 - TROUBLESHOOTING TABLE ..............................................................................31
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Safety Information
Real Chambers Test Chambers
Safety Information

Your Real Chambers equipment is provided with several safety systems designed to
help prevent accidental damage to product and equipment, and avoid injury to
personnel. Always operate this equipment in accordance with the procedures set
forth in the OPERATION section of this manual.

The safety systems described below should be checked at least once every 30 days,
and any inoperative or questionable conditions must be corrected before resuming
operation.

Servicing of this equipment and its associated utility service must be done only by
properly trained personnel!

Equipment servicing should be done only after shutting off the Main Disconnect
Switch and closing all air and nitrogen supply valves, and then only in accordance
with safe practices. (See MAINTENANCE, section of this manual for more
information).
Compressed air, liquid nitrogen, and high voltages can all cause severe injury or death
if not properly handled.
WARNING! -
EXTREME TEMPERATURES AND PRESSURES:
This equipment produces extreme temperatures and uses pressurized fluids.
Failure to follow instructions and use proper safety precautions can cause injury or
death.
WARNING! -
ASPHYXIATION HAZARD:
This equipment uses LIQUID NITROGEN (LN2) which can displace oxygen and
cause severe injury or death due to lack of oxygen. ALWAYS allow adequate time
for ventilation after opening chamber doors before entering workspace! NEVER
operate this equipment unless all exhaust ports are securely ducted to outside of
building. Real Chambers recommends utilizing an oxygen monitor in the vicinity of
the chamber to help protect personnel from potentially dangerous conditions.
CAUTION - HIGH SOUND LEVELS: The vibration hammers may produce
extreme sound levels which may cause temporary or permanent hearing
damage, particularly after prolonged exposure. Do not attempt to operate
vibration equipment with chamber or port doors open, unless adequate
hearing protection is worn by all effected personnel!
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Specs and Utility Requirements
Real Chambers Test Chambers
Description of Safety Features
On each unit, there are a number of features that help to ensure safe operation. These
features include:
o Main Disconnect Switch
Located on the door of the operator control console, this large black pistol grip switch
removes all electrical power to the equipment when placed in the OFF position. Note
that any power provided directly to product under test inside the equipment may not be
disconnected by this switch. This switch should be in the OFF position whenever the
control console door is open for servicing. Note that turning this switch off does not
remove the live voltage from the incoming power lines, but removes any live voltages
after the disconnect switch.
If maintenance work is to be done inside the control box, or on the chamber itself, it is
recommended to lock-out the power to the chamber. The disconnect handle has a tab that
can be retracted for lock-out purposes. If the control box door is closed properly, a padlock can be placed through the tab, which will prohibit personnel from accidentally
turning the chamber’s power on while a service technician is working in the chamber.
o Emergency-Stop Button
The E-Stop button is a red mushroom button on the front of the control panel. The
normal position for this button is pulled out. When the button is pushed in, all chamber
functions will stop. When the button is pushed in, the alarm horn will sound and the
silence button will blink until the alarm is acknowledged. The alarm event will be logged
in the alarm history screen of the PLC controller.
This button should only be used for emergency purposes. If the button is used, the event
causing the shut-down should be confirmed ok, then the E-Stop button should be turned
clockwise to resume normal chamber operation. If the E-Stop button was activated in the
middle of a profile, that profile will have to be started over from the beginning.
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Specs and Utility Requirements
Real Chambers Test Chambers
o Emergency Door Open Button (Only available on REAL-48 models)
The emergency door open button stops all chamber systems (fans, heat, cooling and
vibration) and opens automated doors. It is 2 ½” in diameter, stainless steel, and
mounted on the inside of the chamber opposite the plenum.
If the emergency door open button has been activated, the following procedure should be
used to return the chamber to operating condition:
1. Acknowledge the alarm by pressing the “Alarm Silence” button.
2. Open chamber doors completely open.
3. Turn Door Switch to the OPEN position. The door switch is located on the
control box below the touch-screen.
4. Pull the Emergency door open button out, away from the chamber wall to
disengage it.
5. Push the chamber doors closed as far as possible.
6. Be sure all personnel are clear of doors.
7. Turn the door switch to the CLOSE position.
Emergency door
open button

Do not use the Emergency door open button as a service tool. This is only a STOP
button - power is still live to the chamber. It is provided as a quick shutdown in the
event of an operational emergency. This button must be pulled back out for chamber
to run.
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Specs and Utility Requirements
Real Chambers Test Chambers
o Door Interlock Switches
Each door is equipped with a sensor, which will interrupt the circulation fans, heat, cool,
and optional vibration operation when the doors are open. These sensors are located on
top of each door. Don’t operate the equipment unless all door interlocks are functioning
properly. Proper status should be checked during scheduled maintenance.
NOTE: Access ports and plugs are not protected by door interlocks. Since they are provided for cables
and hoses supporting product under test, it will often be necessary to operate the equipment with
one or more of these ports open. Packing the port with foam or other material rated for
anticipated temperature ranges will greatly reduce heat leak and noise levels.
CAUTION: Be certain that no one is directly in front of an open access port before
switching on the optional vibration system!
o Temperature High/Low Limit Controller
A temperature limit controller is provided as an independent measure of safety against
thermal runaway (hot or cold) which could occur from, but not limited to, the following:






Programming error
Primary controller failure
Thermocouple breakage
LN2 control valve sticking open
SSR failure
Blower failure
The limit control is wired into the redundant safety devices (redundant heat contactor,
LN2 safety) via the touch-screen controller. An independent RTD is provided for the
limit control and located inside the air plenum.
To adjust the high temperature set point of this controller, use the following procedure:
1. Press the “D” button on the front of the controller (it will now flash SP).
2. Use the up and down arrows to select the high temperature alarm limit desired.
3. Press the “P” button on the front of the controller.
To adjust the low temperature set point of this controller, use the following procedure:
1. Press the “D” button on the front of the controller three times until AL-2 flashes.
2. Use the up and down arrows to select the low temperature alarm limit desired.
3. Press the “P” button on the front of the controller.
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Specs and Utility Requirements
Real Chambers Test Chambers
Specifications and Utility Requirements
Real Chambers builds multiple chamber sizes, with various optional features available.
Information shown is for standard models. Your chamber may vary if special requests
were made at time of purchase concerning workspace dimensions, product temperature
ramp rates, non-standard line voltages, or any other modifications.
Real Chambers systems are designed for use in typical laboratory or manufacturing
environments. Real Chambers systems are designed for use in temperatures from 50F to
100F (10C to 38C) and humidity levels below 30%.
Table 1 - Chamber Performance Specifications
P e r f o r m a n c e
Temperature
All Models
Change Rate
Up to 60C/min over range of
Range
-100 to +200C*
High Speed Blower Range
-100 to + 150°C*
Temperature Control
1C on Stabilization
Tri-Axial Vibration1
All Vibration Models
Level
Up to 60 gRMS on unloaded table
Range
5 to 5000 Hz
Control
1 gRMS within 1 min of settling
1
Tri-Axial vibration is only available on REAL model chambers.
* This range is consistent with the use of the chamber in HALT and HASS applications which include fast
thermal transitions and short periodic dwells only.
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Specs and Utility Requirements
Real Chambers Test Chambers
Table 2 - System Details
S y s t e m
REAL-20T/
REAL-20
D e t a i l s
REAL-30T
REAL-30
REAL-36T/
REAL-36
REAL-48T/
REAL-48
Cooling
LN2 On/Off
Control Direct
Atomization in
Plenum
LN2 Linear Valve
Control Direct
Atomization in
Plenum
LN2 Linear Valve
Control Direct
Atomization in
Plenum
LN2 Linear Valve
Control Direct
Atomization in
Plenum
Heating2
20kW Solid State
Time Proportional
control, zero firing
crossover
48kW Solid State
Time Proportional
control, zero firing
crossover
66kW Solid State
Time Proportional
control, zero firing
crossover
99kW Solid State
Time Proportional
control, zero firing
crossover
Doors
One Full Opening
Door, 12”x12”
Window 10”x10”
view area
Two Full Opening
Doors, 24”x24”
window/ea (22”x22”
view area)
Two Full Opening
Doors, 24”x24”
window/ea
(22”x22” view
area)
Bi-parting Front and
Back
14”x24” window/ea
(12”x22” view area)
Vibration
Table
Support
One set of four (4)
springs rated at
70lbs/31.8kgs ea
Total static load of
280 lbs/127 kg
One set of four (4)
springs rated at
250lbs/113.4kgs ea
Total static load of
1000 lbs/453.6 kg
One set of four (4)
springs rated at
250lbs/113.4 kgs
ea Total static load
of 1000 lbs/453.6
kg
One set of four (4)
springs rated at
250lbs/113.4kgs ea
Total static load of
1000 lbs/453.6 kg
Vibration
Table Size
20x20”/50.8x50.8
cm mounting
surface.
30x30”/96.2x91.2 cm
mounting surface.
36x36”/91.4x91.4
cm mounting
surface.
48x48”/121.9x121.9
cm mounting
surface.
3/8-16 s/s inserts
on 4” centers.
ThermobondSM
insulated surface.
3/8-16 s/s inserts on
4” centers.
ThermobondSM
insulated surface.
3/8-16 s/s inserts
on 4” centers.
ThermobondSM
insulated surface.
2
3/8-16 s/s inserts on
3” centers.
ThermobondSM
insulated surface.
Heating specifications based on power supply voltage of 480 VAC, three phase.
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Specs and Utility Requirements
Real Chambers Test Chambers
Table 3 – Dimensions and Utilities
D i m e n s i o n s a n d
U t i l i t i e s
REAL20T/
REAL-20
REAL-30T
REAL-30
REAL-36T/
REAL-36
REAL-48T
REAL-48
Int. Bare
Chamber
24”w x 24”d x
36”h
(61.0x61.0x58.4c
m)
36”w x 36”d x
55”h (91.5x 91.5x
140. cm)
42”w x 42”d x 59”h
(107 x107x 150 cm)
50”w x 54”d x 64”h
(127x137.2x
162.2cm)
Vibe in
Position
24”w x 24”d x
24”h
(61.0x61.0x58.4c
m)
36”w x 36”d x
38”h (91.5x 91.5x
96.5cm)
42”w x 42”d x 44”h
(107x107x112 cm)
50”w x 54”d x 32”h
(127x137x91.5cm)
Exterior
Chamber
47”w x 34.5”d x
81”h (119 x 87.75
x 206 cm)
77”w x 53.5”d x
95.5”h (195.5 x
136 x 242.5 cm)
82”w x 55”d
x98.5”h (209 x 140
x 251 cm)
98.75”w x 71”dx
107”h (249 x 180.5
x 272 cm)
Weight
900lbs/408kg
2,250lbs/1022kg
3,500lbs/1,497kg
4,500lbs/2,041 kg
Electrical
460 VAC 3 PH
460 VAC 3 PH
460 VAC 3 PH
460 VAC 3 PH
30 A
65 A
100 A
140 A
Liquid
Nitrogen
3/8” Supply
40 to 50 PSIG
2.1 to 3.4 barg
1/2” Supply
40 to 50 PSIG
2.1 to 3.4 barg
1” Supply
40 to 50 PSIG
2.1 to 3.4 barg
1” Supply
40 to 50 PSIG
2.1 to 3.4 barg
Comp Air
(REAL30T
&48T)
3/8” supply
3/8” supply
3/8” supply
3/8” supply
80 PSIG, 15 CFM
5.5 barg, 0.4
m3/min
80 PSIG, 15 CFM
5.5 barg, 0.4
m3/min
90 PSIG, 15 CFM
5.5 barg, 0.4 m3/min
90 PSIG, 15 CFM
5.5 barg, 0.4 m3/min
Comp Air
½” supply
¾” supply
¾” supply
¾” supply
90 PSIG, 50
SCFM
6.2 barg, 1.4
m3/min
100 PSIG, 70
SCFM
6.8 barg, 2.0
m3/min
120 PSIG, 80 SCFM
8.3 barg, 2.3 m3/min
120 PSIG
One (1)
4”/10.2cm port,
no fans or
restrictions
One (1)
Two (2) 6”/15.2cm
ports, no fans or
restrictions.
Can combine to
9”/22.9cm port
Two (2) 6”/15.2cm
ports, no fans or
restrictions.
Can combine to
9”/22.9cm port
Exhaust
6”/15.2cm port, no
fans or restrictions
140SCFM
8.3 barg, 3.9 m3/min
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Features
Real Chambers Test Chambers
Features
o Temperature Control System
The control of temperature is done by the CTI chamber controller. The controller
manages various events and thermal PID coefficients to give the thermal response desired
in the chamber. For specific information pertaining to the controller, refer to the
controller manual, which was supplied with the chamber.
Heating is accomplished with resistive electric elements, while cooling is accomplished
by direct injection of liquid nitrogen (LN2). Electric heaters are carefully selected and
arranged to provide extremely rapid rates of temperature change without exceeding the
safe design limits of heat elements.
Liquid nitrogen is injected using nozzles to quickly vaporize the liquid, providing
maximum cooling without exposing product under test to liquid nitrogen droplets. On
the REAL-20 chambers, the liquid nitrogen is injected through on/off control of solenoid
valves. Additionally, there is a cooling safety valve. This solenoid closes if various
safety features have tripped. This safety valve is up-stream of the cooling control valve.
On the Real Chambers systems, the liquid nitrogen controls consist of two valves. The
first valve is a cooling safety valve. The cooling safety valve closes if various safety
conditions occur. The valve is open under normal chamber cooling operations. The
second valve is a proportional control valve used for controlling the amount of liquid
nitrogen let into the chamber’s plenum. The cooling control valve receives variable
signals from the chamber’s controller, which instructs the valve to open the required
amount. Both of these valves are vacuum insulated to minimize any condensation/frost
build-up on the outside of the valves. The following is a picture of one of these valve
assemblies:
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Features
Real Chambers Test Chambers
Vacuum insulated,
pneumatically
actuated cooling
control valve.
Vacuum insulated
pneumatically
actuated cooling
safety valve.
Vacuum insulated
female bayonet
liquid nitrogen
connection.
o Air Circulation Fan
The chamber is equipped with non-corrosive air circulation fan(s), which provide air
circulation to distribute temperature controlled air and minimize chamber temperature
gradients. Baffles provide output air openings to direct the airflow in the chamber.
o Instruments
Product temperature and air temperature are controlled by a unique, temperature
controller/programmer. The inputs to the temperature controller/programmer are type T
thermocouples. One of the thermocouples is mounted in the airflow plenum and is not
directly visible. The second thermocouple is designed to monitor the temperature of the
device under test.
A temperature Hi/Lo limit control protects product and equipment against thermal
runaway due to a primary controller fault or control device failure. The input to the
Hi/Lo limit control is a three-wire resistance temperature device (RTD). The RTD is
mounted in the air-flow plenum and is not directly visible.
o Optional Vibration Table and Hammers
Vibration simulation is achieved using multiple pneumatically actuated pistons. These
pistons are oriented to act in conjunction with a carefully engineered vibration table.
This transmits broad frequency vibration patterns to the device under test as it
experiences six degrees of freedom at controlled intensity.
o
Operator Control Switches
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Features
Real Chambers Test Chambers
The control console has several selector switches and buttons. These switches/buttons
provide the following control:
1. Control Power (off, on)
Turns control power on and off. Note this does not remove power from the rest of the
chamber.
2. Alarm Silence (illuminated push-button)
Pushing this button will silence the alarm horn and signal the controller that the alarm
has been acknowledged at that time. To clear an alarm, push and hold the alarm
silence button for 2 seconds3.
3. Door Latch4 (Toggle)
Turing this switch pneumatically opens and closes the front and rear bi-parting
doors.
3
4
The alarm condition must no longer be present.
REAL-36/36T & REAL-48/48T models only.
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Features
Real Chambers Test Chambers
4. Emergency Stop (push/turn)
Pushing this red mushroom head button will stop all chamber functions and log the
alarm in the controller’s alarm history. All output functions will stop and any profile
will stop as chamber returns to an idle state. If a profile was running, it will need to
be re-started from the beginning if an E-Stop had been issued. To reset the E-Stop,
turn the button clockwise as indicated on the button.
o CTI Controller
The control system uses a process controller to facilitate numerous standard and optional
control functions. Inputs to the controller include:



Thermocouples
Operator function selector switches
Door-closed proximity switches



Temperature controller event status
Remote start status.
Auxiliaries from motor and heater
contactors.
The controller processes the input information and directly controls outputs to:




Fan starters
Proportional LN2 valve
Redundant electric heat contactors
Redundant LN2 safety valve



Door operators (REAL-36/REAL-48)
Optional vibration control solenoids
Optional vibration I/P valve
This control system enhances the safety and reliability of the equipment by interlocking
critical functions with safe-to-run input status signals as well as operator function
switches.
For complete documentation on the operation of the CTI controller, please refer to the
controller manual, which was supplied with the chamber.
o I/O Panel
The control panel comes equipped with an I/O panel that includes a connection point for
USB, serial, Ethernet, and a convenience outlet.
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Features
Real Chambers Test Chambers
Ethernet Port
Convenience
Outlet.
USB Port
Serial Port
The USB port can be used for a USB type mouse or other pointing device. This device
can be used to move a cursor on the touchscreen.
The serial port was used on older models for serial communication with the chamber.
The serial port is not currently used, and should not have any devices connected to it.
The Ethernet port can be used for communication with a PC that has Real Chambers
SCADA software installed. Only Ethernet cables should be used in this port.
The convenience outlet can be used to power test equipment or other low power devices.
The convenience outlet rating is 120VAC with a maximum current draw of 3A.
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System Installation
Real Chambers Test Chambers
System Installation
NOTE: Refer to the Real Chambers Site Preparation Manual for more information
regarding the system installation. The Site Preparation Manual is intended to be
read in its entirety well before the delivery of the chamber.
o Location
When deciding on a location to install the chamber, it is important to note which side or
sides of the unit will be against the wall, and the amount of clearance necessary for safe
operation and accessibility. Keep in mind how much space will be necessary to open the
doors, walk to and access/service the control panels, perform service, etc. The floor
should be level. If perfectly level floor space is not available, use a sturdy metal plate at
each leg necessary to shim the legs making the chamber level and secure. More
information and hints on chamber location is included in the Site Preparation Manual.
o Electrical Power Hook-Up
The electrical power needs to be hooked up from above and into the top of the control
box. A large hole is provided in the top of the control console for the entrance of the
power wires. The power specs are given in the Specifications section of this manual. It
is extremely important to run a properly sized ground wire. It is often beneficial to
provide a ground wire that is actually larger than conventional standards. Doing so may
aid in reducing any electrical noise problems. When running power there should be at
least one to two feet of flexible conduit before the chamber to leave room for expansion
and contraction of the floor as well as allow for slight variances in chamber placement.
More information and hints on the electrical installation are included in the Site
Preparation Manual.
Recommended external fault disconnect device should be rated to 110% of the
amperage rating of your chamber. Please contact Real Chambers directly to
determine your chambers amperage rating.
WARNING!:
Control box contains high voltage. Any work done on the
chamber with the control box door open should be done by
trained personnel only. Serious injury or death may result.
o Compressed Air Connection
For size and pressure/flow requirements, refer to the Specifications section of this
manual. Before final connection, be sure to purge the line to get unwanted debris out of
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Real Chambers Test Chambers
the system5. Refer to the Outline & Dimension (O&D) drawings at the end of this
manual for location of utility hook-ups. More information and hints on the compressed
air connection are included in the Site Preparation Manual.
o Liquid Nitrogen Plumbing
Along with the electrical power, the LN2 service should come from above for easy access
around the chamber. Refer to the Specifications section for size and pressure/flow
information. The location is shown on the Outline and Dimension (O&D) drawing at the
end of this manual. We recommend vacuum insulated piping for optimum performance
of the chamber’s cooling system. The cooling rates specified for the chamber are only
guaranteed if the LN2 supply is vacuum insulated and properly sized. If properly sized
and insulated lines are not used, the cooling specifications will not be met.
A line relief valve must be installed between the LN2 safety valve and the manual shutoff valve immediately before the chamber. This relief valve should be rated at a pressure
which is the lesser of 150 psig and the pressure rating of the LN2 supply piping. This
relief valve is not included with the chamber and should be taken care of at installation.
o Exhaust Gas Plumbing
For each unit, check the table labeled Dimensions and Utilities in the Specifications and
Utilities section. With this information, route the exhaust to the outside of the building.
No fans or restrictions should be placed in this line. Any fans or restrictions will
decrease chamber performance. It is important to vent the chamber to the outside of the
building for safety reasons. If the chamber is not vented to the outside of the building,
there is a risk of oxygen depleted atmosphere.
The exhaust plumbing should be straight up through the roof of the building for optimal
performance. Any bends and horizontal rooms will reduce the performance of the
chamber. In order to prevent any water/snow/debris from entering the chamber from the
outside into the chamber, make sure proper check valves are installed at the exit of the
exhaust gas plumbing.
o Installing Chamber Lights
The chambers are fully tested at the manufacture’s facility before they ship. This testing
includes testing the chamber lights. However, to minimize risk of the lights being
damaged in shipment, they are removed and shipped in the control box. The lights are
installed by aligning the two pins of the bulb with the holes in the fixture and simply
pushing the lights into the fixtures. It is recommended to use a small piece of wire6 to
secure the light bulb to the fixture. This piece of wire will protect from the bulb vibrating
out of the fixture during normal use of the chamber. The following figure shows a lamp
5
6
Any damage to equipment due to debris in the compressed air line is not covered under warranty.
The wire should have insulation which can withstand the full temperature range of the chamber.
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System Installation
Real Chambers Test Chambers
held into the fixture with the thin wires. The figure has highlighted the wires to make
them more visible.
Thin pieces of wire to
hold lamp in fixture.
Figure 1 - Light bulb retention
o Location of Utility Connections
The Appendix of this manual contains outline and dimension (O&D) drawings of the
standard chambers. Refer to these drawings for the most current utility connection
dimensions. Although the dimensions on these drawings are most current and accurate, it
is always a good idea to finish each utility connection in a flexible form to ease
installation.
o Start-Up Procedure
WARNING!:
Control box contains high voltage. Any work done on the
chamber with the control box door open should be done by
trained personnel only. Serious injury or death may result.
When starting to apply power, it should be done in steps for ultimate safety and to ensure
no damage was done in shipping. A copy of the manufacturing traveler is sent with the
chamber. The traveler is provided to compare measured values at installation with those
measured during manufacturing test-out. The following items should be measured, one at
a time in the following order. If any measurements do not closely match the factory, call
for technical support before starting the chamber.
CAUTION: It is very important to follow this procedure to ensure components are
working properly. Although all are important, special attention should be
paid to items #1, 2, 9, 10, 14, 15, 18, 20, 21 and Vibration #2 and 6.
1. Measure and record the resistances of all heaters, phase to phase.
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System Installation
Real Chambers Test Chambers

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
If these readings do not closely match factory measurements, STOP and call for
technical support. Do not start the chamber.
Measure the resistances of each heater leg to ground.
 If any of these readings are not infinite in resistance, STOP and call for technical
support. Do not start the chamber.
Measure and record the main line (460/575 VAC) voltage.
Measure and record the 120 vac voltage.
Measure and record voltage at all DC power supplies.
Turn Control Power ON.
Close doors and check that all proximity switches engage.
Turn on fan motor circuit breakers.
Put the controller in Manual Mode and turn on the Fans Event. Ensure fans are
rotating in the correct direction. With chamber doors closed, fan event on, control
power on and motor circuit breakers on, the fans should come on. Then, open the
chamber doors and look up at the fans to determine rotational direction. If the fans
are not rotating in the proper direction, the heaters will not get sufficient air flow and
cause premature burn-out and failure of the heater elements. If the fans are not
rotating in the proper direction, disconnect all power and switch two of the power
leads to the chamber, this should change the rotational direction. Both fans should be
either spinning correctly or incorrectly. You should not find that one is correct and
the other is not. The following diagram shows a view of the blower as looking up
from the bottom and the correct fan rotational direction:
ROTATION
DIRECTION
ROTATION
DIRECTION
Figure 2 - Fan rotation direction
10. After the fan rotational direction has been determined to be correct, measure and
record current draw of each fan motor.
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Real Chambers Test Chambers
11. Install light bulbs and verify their operation.
12. Adjust the high and low Site Air Temperature Alarm Limits7 to 60°C for high and
0°C for low.
13. Turn on the Heat and Cool Events.
14. Set chamber set point to 70°C and verify high temperature safety works.
15. Set chamber set point to -10°C and verify low temperature safety works.
16. Repeat steps 14-17 for Product Temperature Alarm Limits.
17. Properly set the Site Temperature Alarm limits.
18. Run multiple thermal ramps and measure and record the current draw of each heater.
19. Set chamber to ramp from –50°C to +100°C and measure and record full chamber
current draw while heating. Note that the controller must be giving 100% heating
output to make an accurate measurement.
20. File these values and production traveler in a safe place for future reference.
21. If any of the above measured and recorded values appears to not closely match that
previously recorded at the factory, call the factory for assistance.
If the chamber has vibration, complete the following:
1. Ensure the accelerometer is secure to the vibration table.
 Tighten the accelerometer-mounting block to the table.
 Tighten the accelerometer to the mounting block.
2. Ensure the accelerometer cable is attached at both ends.
3. Turn the Vibration Event on.
4. Enter a 5Grms set point in Manual Mode.
5. See that the controller controls to that level. If the system’s vibration continues to get
louder without settling on 5 Grms, push the red E-Stop button and examine all
connections again.
6. Check the oil injection rate (if so equipped). It should inject a drop of oil at a rate no
faster than one drop per 45 seconds. If it is injecting faster than that, slow it down by
turning the little red adjustment dial on the top of the oiling unit so that it injects one
drop per 45 seconds.
7
Refer to CTI manual for detailed information on operating the controller.
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Optional Vibration System Operation
Real Chamber Corporation Test Chambers
Operation
Check chamber functions and your understanding of the system by following these steps
with an empty chamber before installing the product to be tested.
1. Verify that all utilities are on-line before operating equipment. Compressed air is
required to operate control valves, cooling system, vibration system and safety
solenoids. Liquid nitrogen is required for proper cooling. (Empty or low LN2 tanks
produce a mixture of liquid and vapor, which will not properly cool the chamber.)
Proper voltage and phase electrical supply are necessary for full heating capability.
These are listed in the Specifications section.
2. Verify that all Emergency Stop palm buttons are pulled out (normal Position).
3. Open compressed air service valve and liquid nitrogen supply valve.
4. With all function switches in OFF position, turn on main disconnect switch if not
already on.
5. Turn the control power switch to the ON position.
6. Be sure all doors are closed securely. For REAL-36T/REAL-36 and REAL48T/REAL-48 models, close doors by manually pushing closed as far as possible.
The doors will close when power is turned on and door close switch activated.
7. Program or set-up profiles and test conditions as required, or operate the chamber in
Manual Mode.
o Air Safety Controller Operation
The air safety temperature controller is an independent temperature safety device. It is
designed to provide an added level of safety to ensure products under test are not
destroyed as a result of excessive heating or cooling. This controller monitors a three
wire RTD installed in the air plenum. The controller provides two alarms, one when the
temperature is above the high limit and one when the temperature is below the low limit.
If the temperature is above the high limit, the controller will disable the heating function
of the chamber by sending a signal to the input of the CTI controller. The alarm will be
identified in the CTI controller and will be visually evident by the “SP” no longer being
illuminated on the air safety controller. If the temperature goes below the low limit, the
controller will disable the cooling function of the chamber. The alarm will be identified
in the CTI controller and will be visually evident by the “A2” no longer being illuminated
on the air safety controller. If the temperature is between the high limit and the low limit,
the controller will display both “SP” and “A2.”
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Optional Vibration System Operation
o Chamber CTI Controller Operation
Complete documentation of the CTI touch-screen controller and its operation is contained
in a separate manual, which is supplied with the chamber.
Optional Vibration System Operation
o Mounting of Product
The vibration table has mounting points located in a grid pattern. These mounting points
are 3/8-16 threaded inserts in the table. The device to be tested should be securely
attached to the vibration table directly, or by use of a properly designed fixture. Any
holes that are not used for mounting the product must retain the mounting bolt and hold
down washer as supplied from the factory. The vibration system should not be run
without the mounting bolts and hold down washers securely in place. Running the
vibration system without the mounting washers and bolts in place will void the warranty
of the table.
o Manual Mode
Vibration can be run in Manual mode with the CTI controller with the following
procedure:
1. Put the controller in Manual Mode.
2. Turn on the Vibration Event.
3. Enter a vibration setpoint.
4. Turn the vibration section Run button to ON.
o Automatic Mode
The chamber’s vibration can also be controlled while in Automatic Mode. To do this,
enter vibration setpoints in the profile as it is being defined on the CTI. For each step
that has a vibration setpoint, be sure to turn the Vibration Event on.
Vibration can be controlled during a thermal ramp step, a thermal dwell step, or a step
with no thermal control at all (a “vibration only” step). A step will not control to a
temperature setpoint if the “NOT A #” button is turned to ON for that particular step. By
doing this, the technician can create a step that only controls vibration.
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Real Chamber Corporation Test Chambers
Optional Vibration System Operation
o Accelerometer Limits
The standard accelerometer supplied with the chamber is capable of operating at
temperatures below +121°C. If the chamber is going to operate at temperatures greater
than +121°C, the accelerometer should be removed. An optional accelerometer is
available that has an extended high temperature range. Consult the factory for details on
the optional high temperature accelerometer.
The low temperature limit of the accelerometer is -100°C, which is the same as the low
temperature design limit of the chamber.
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Replacement Parts
Real Chambers Test Chambers
System Maintenance
Maintenance of this equipment should be done by a qualified technician. High voltage
electrical systems, cryogenic plumbing, high pressure gas and mechanical systems all
represent a potential for injury or death. The main power must be turned off at the main
disconnect and all gas supplies should be turned off prior to servicing this equipment
It is a good practice to keep a maintenance log for the chamber. The log should contain
the tasks that must be accomplished and when they were performed.
Real Chambers Corporation does offer a service contract in which we will send a
technician out to do routine maintenance items. Different plans are available. If
interested, please call 1-888-292-1552 for details.
o Maintenance Tasks to be Performed on a Daily Basis
1. Check the high and low temperature settings of the Site Alarm Limits and Profile
Alarm Limits to insure that they are set to the appropriate settings for the product that
is being tested. The high temperature set point should never be any higher than
200C8. The low temperature set point should never be any lower than -100°C.
Entering set-points that exceed either of these limits will void the chamber
warranty.
2. Make sure that the LN2 supply is on and that there is sufficient LN2 to perform your
test. The pressure of the LN2 should also be verified and maintained near 50 psig.
3. Make sure that the compressed air to the chamber is turned on.
o Maintenance Tasks to be Performed on a Monthly Basis
1. The proper function of the safety control devices should be checked on a regular
basis. Replace any items that may be damaged or worn.
2. Check the operation of the Site Alarm Limits and the Profile Alarm Limits. To test
the high temperature alarm limits, enter a temperature set point that is 10°C greater
than the Alarm point. To test the low temperature alarm limits, enter a temperature
set point that is 10°C less than the Alarm point. The Air alarm limits and the Product
alarm limits should all be tested.
3. The electrical compartment should be kept clean and vacuumed if necessary.
8
Units with the high speed blower option must limit upper temperatures to below +150°C.
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Real Chambers Test Chambers
4. The current draws of the heaters and blower motors should be checked and recorded
for future reference to determine if there is any irregularity. Extreme caution must be
taken whenever working with high voltage components. Increased current draws may
be an early sign of heater problems. It is also recommended to record the heaters’
phase-to-phase resistances.
WARNING!:
Control box contains high voltage. Any work done
on the chamber with the control box door open should be done by trained
personnel only. Serious injury or death may result.
5. The chamber lights should be checked and replaced if burned out.
6. Check the door proximity switches by leaving the left hand door (for REAL48T/REAL-48) of the front of the chamber open and turning the door switch to the
closed position. Try starting chamber. If proximity switch is working properly, the
fans should not come on and an Alarm should sound. For single door models
(REAL-20, TVC-4 & REAL-30 & REAL-36) turn system on with the doors closed
and listen for the fan motor, open the door and listen for the fan to stop. If the fan
does not stop, then replace the proximity switch. Repeat the procedure on the rear
door.
7. The seals and gaskets on the doors and ports should be inspected for adequate sealing.
Remove any foreign materials that may be embedded in the gasket. Worn or
damaged gasket should be replaced.
8. Check all the fasteners on the chamber and tighten if necessary. Note that adjustment
should only be done when metal is at ambient temperatures (~+20°C).
9. For the vibration system, check lubricator (if so equipped) and add oil if necessary.
The oil level can be checked via the sight glass on the lubricator housing. If oil is
required, Marvel Mystery Oil (Real Chambers part number 11008462) should be
used.
10. Check lubricator (if so equipped) for proper oil injection rate. Lubricator should drop
one drop of oil every 90 seconds when vibration is running. Do NOT inject more oil
than one drop per 90 seconds.
11. Check operation of emergency door open button (applies to REAL-48T/REAL-48).
To do this, simply press in the button (on the inside of the chamber), close the doors
and attempt to start up the system. If it starts up, have the safety button valve
serviced and/or replaced. The system should not start up with the emergency door
open button pushed in.
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Real Chambers Test Chambers
12. Check function of the E-stop mushroom button. Chamber should shutdown its
functions when this is pushed in.
o Maintenance Tasks to be Performed Every Three Months
1. Heater banks should be removed and visually inspected for signs of excess droop in
the coiled heater wire. If heater wires have excess droop, they should be replaced
immediately. Failure to replace drooping wires may result in a short circuit and
damage to many other components.
2. Check and tighten set-screws and bottom retention bolt that hold the blower wheel
onto the motor shaft.
o Maintenance Tasks to be Performed on an Annual Basis
1. Calibrate the controller. Refer to controller manual for details on calibrating.
2. Calibrate I/P valves. Refer to the supplied I/P valve manual for details on calibrating.
3. The vibration hammers should be removed and cleaned.
4. The vibration hammer mounting bolts should be removed and anti-seize compound
should be re-applied. Not doing this can lead to premature failure of the spacers in
the vibration table.
 Bolts for large hammers should be torqued to 125 ft-lbs.
 Bolts for medium hammers should be torqued to 50 ft-lbs.
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Replacement Parts
Real Chambers Test Chambers
REPLACEMENT PARTS
If any parts are required, please call 1-888-292-1552 for pricing and availability. The
following information provides Real Chambers part numbers to assist in finding the
correct part.
o Valves
I/P Valves
These devices convert a 4-20mA control loop electrical signal into a regulated gas
pressure. There are two (2) different I/P9 valves on the chamber. One of the valves is
used for the control of the liquid nitrogen10. This valve is built into the positioner and
converts the 4-20mA control loop to regulate the gas pressure to the actuator from 3-15
psig. Replacing this valve will require replacement of the proportional valve (see Table
9). Chambers that have the optional vibration table use an I/P valve to control the
vibration. This valve converts the 4-20mA control loop and regulates the gas pressure
from 0-120 psig. The following table identifies these valves.
Table 4 - I/P Valves
I/P Valve
Liquid Nitrogen
Vibration
Pressure Span
3 -15 psig
0-120 psig
Real Chambers
P/N
See Table 9
11809243
Liquid Nitrogen Cooling Solenoid Valve (REAL-20/REAL-20T only)
This valve allows liquid nitrogen to flow into the REAL-20/REAL-20T chamber when it
is calling for cooling. The valve provides on/off control of the liquid nitrogen flow.
Table 5 - Liquid Nitrogen Cooling Solenoid Valve (REAL-20/REAL-20T)
Item
LN2 Cooling Solenoid
Valve
Real Chambers
P/N
10973287
Cooling Safety Solenoid (REAL-20/REAL-20T only)
The REAL-20/REAL20T has a solenoid valve that acts as a liquid nitrogen safety. The
valve operates when the doors of the chamber are open. The valve will stop liquid
nitrogen from entering the chamber while the doors are open. The following table
identifies these valves.
Table 6 - Liquid Nitrogen Cooling Safety Solenoid Valve (REAL-20/REAL-20T)
9
I stands for electrical current, P stands for gas pressure.
An I/P valve is not used for liquid nitrogen control on the TC/TVC-1.
10
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Real Chambers Test Chambers
Item
Real Chambers
P/N
LN2 Cooling Solenoid Valve
10973287
Cooling Safety Valve (REAL 30/36/48 & REAL-30T/36T/48T)
The chambers have cooling safety valves that acts as a liquid nitrogen safety. The valve
operates when the doors of the chamber are open. The valve will stop liquid nitrogen
from entering the chamber while the doors are open. The following table identifies these
valves.
Table 6 - Cooling Safety Valves
Item
REAL-36/36T, REAL-48/48T LN2 Safety
Valve (complete valve)
REAL-30/30T LN2 Safety Valve (complete
valve)
Real Chambers P/N
88-2548-01001
11531739
Vibration Safety Solenoid
This valve operates when the vibration event on the controller is turned on. When the
valve is energized, it allows gas pressure to flow to the volume booster. The valve is a
three-way valve with one branch open to atmosphere. When the valve is not energized,
the air line to the volume booster is routed to atmosphere.
Table 7 - Vibration Safety Solenoid
Item
Vibration Safety
Solenoid
Real Chambers
P/N
23001021
Air Purge Solenoid
When this valve is energized, it allows oxygenated airflow into the chamber. The valve
is a three-way valve with one branch open to atmosphere. It is used to help oxygenate the
air in the chamber before the chamber doors are opened.
Table 8 - Air Purge Solenoid
Item
Air Purge Solenoid
Real Chambers
P/N
23001021
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Real Chambers Test Chambers
Proportional Liquid Nitrogen Cooling Valve (not on REAL-20/REAL-20T)
This valve controls the flow of liquid nitrogen into the chamber based on the pressure
input to the top of the valve. If there is less than 3 psig pressure applied to the top of the
valve, the valve should not allow any liquid nitrogen flow into the chamber. If 15 psig is
applied to the top of the valve, the valve should be completely open. At pressures
between 3 and 15 psig, the valve will be somewhere between closed and wide open.
Table 9 - Proportional Liquid Nitrogen Valve
Item
REAL-36/36T, REAL-48/48T LN2
Proportional Valve (complete valve)
REAL-30/30T LN2 Proportional Valve
(complete valve)
Real
Chambers P/N
88-2548-01229
11531721
o Sensors
Product Temperature Thermocouple
This type T thermocouple is designed to be placed directly on the product under test. The
chamber will control such that this thermocouple measures the same temperature as the
set-point. The thermocouple runs from the product under test into the control box. If a
replacement thermocouple is installed, it is important to ensure that the sheathing is good
over a temperature range of -200°C to +300°C.
Table 10 - Replacement Thermocouple
Item
Replacement Thermocouple
Type
T
Real Chambers P/N
10987443
Air Temperature Thermocouple
This type T thermocouple is used as a second input to the controller. It helps control the
product under test temperature such that it achieves the set-point as quickly as possible
while minimizing any over-shoot. This second temperature input allows utilization of
cascade temperature control. This thermocouple is not directly visible as it is mounted in
the air-flow plenum and wired into the control box. If the thermocouple is replaced, it is
important to ensure that the sheathing is good over a temperature range of -200°C to
+300°C. Refer to the above table for a replacement thermocouple
RTD
The RTD monitors the air temperature as a backup safety device. The RTD is not
directly visible as it is mounted in the air-flow plenum area and wired to the air safety
device in the control box. When this device measures a temperature greater than the high
temperature set-point or less than the low temperature set-point, the air safety device
interrupts the heating/cooling of the chamber until the chamber is reset.
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Real Chambers Test Chambers
Table 11 - Replacement RTD
Item
Replacement RTD
Type
3-wire
Real Chambers P/N
14812624
Door Guard Switch
The door guard switch monitors the status of the doors and inputs into the controller. The
switches tell the controller if the chamber doors are open or closed. If the chamber doors
are open, the controller will shut down various controller outputs.
Table 12 – Replacement Door Guard Switch
Item
Door Guard Switch
Real Chambers P/N
11354921
o Electrical
Light Bulb
The chambers have halogen lamps inside to allow viewing of the product under test while
the test is in process. These lights are easily replaced should they burn out.
Table 13 - Replacement Light Bulb
Item
Halogen Bulb
Properties
12 Volt, 20 Watt
Real Chambers
P/N
10959063
Heater Solid State Relay (SSR)
The chamber uses time-proportional solid state relays to control the heating of the
chamber. The chamber has one SSR for each heater bank. The heater banks are in the
air-flow plenum while the SSR is mounted in the control box.
Table 14 - Solid State Relay
Item
Time Proportional Solid State
Relay (REAL-20/20T, REAL30/30T)
Time Proportional Solid State
Relay (REAL-36/36T, REAL48/48T)
Properties
480 VAC, 30 Amp
Real Chambers
P/N
11042767
480 VAC, 50 Amp
11035786
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Real Chambers Test Chambers
Replacement Fuses
The chamber uses a variety of fuses to help protect the electrical components. The
substitution of fuses, not approved for the application by Real Chambers, is extremely
dangerous and can cause significant damage to equipment. Contact Real Chambers, for
exact information on replacement parts.
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Real Chambers Test Chambers
o Vibration (TVC and REAL models only)
Vibration Hammers
The chambers utilize a pneumatic hammer that strikes the bottom of the vibration table to
produce the random vibration of the table and product under test. There are two different
size hammers used across the different chamber sizes. The following table gives part
numbers for the different sizes.
Table 15 - Replacement Hammers
Item
Medium Hammer
Large Hammer
Chamber Used On
REAL-20, REAL-36,
REAL-30, 48
REAL--30,
REAL-36, 48
Real
Chambers P/N
10954262
10954246
Accelerometer and Cable
The accelerometer measures the acceleration level on the vibration table. It sends its
signal through the accelerometer cable to the control box for controlling the vibration
level of the Device Under Test.
Table 16 - Replacement Accelerometer and Cable
Item
Connector
Accelerometer (standard temp)
Accelerometer (high temp)
Accelerometer Cable (10 Feet Long)
with Viton protective boot
Accelerometer Cable (15 Feet Long)
with Viton protective boot
Accelerometer Cable (25 Feet Long)
with Viton protective boot
10-32
10-32
10-32 to BNC
Real Chambers
P/N
10954300
11083198
11065141
10-32 to BNC
11042433
10-32 to BNC
11039082
Volume Booster
The volume booster allows larger quantities of air to flow at elevated pressures by
supplying it with a small quantity of air at the desired pressure. The volume booster acts
as a dome-loaded pressure regulator. The control air to the volume booster comes from
the vibration I/P valve. The higher quantity of air is passed to the pneumatic hammers,
which create the vibration.
Table 17 - Replacement Volume Booster
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Real Chambers Test Chambers
Item
Real Chambers P/N
REAL-20 Volume Booster
10963759
REAL-30, 36, 48 Volume Booster
10958360
Air Lubricator
This device supplies a controlled amount of oil to the compressed air line that is feeding
the pneumatic hammers of the vibration system. There is an adjusting dial on the top of
the unit that allows adjustment of the quantity of oil that is delivered to the system. This
should be set at no more than one drop of oil per 45 seconds of air flow.
Table 18 - Replacement Air Lubricator
Item
REAL-20 Compressed Air Lubricator
REAL-30, 36, 48 Compressed Air Lubricator
Real Chambers P/N
10963812
10957754
Air Fittings for Hammers
Each vibrator has two air fittings, which connect to the air supply and air exhaust hoses.
These fittings have a standard pipe thread on one side and a flare fitting on the other side.
The following table lists the vibrator size and the part numbers for the fittings required:
Table 19 - Hammer Air Fittings
Hammer Size
Medium
Large
Inlet Air Fitting P/N
11786029
11394893
Exhaust Air Fitting P/N
11786029
11394893
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Drawings Appendix
Real Chambers Test Chambers
Troubleshooting
Before doing any troubleshooting, the following items should be verified. The problem
may be found by checking these items first:
1. Ensure 460VAC (or 575VAC for Canada) power is supplied to chamber and main
disconnect is turned on.
2. Ensure compressed air supply is connected and there is pressure at the connection
point.
3. Verify liquid nitrogen supply is connected and working at the chamber.
WARNING!:
The chamber control system contains high voltage devices.
Extreme caution should be used when doing any service or
maintenance. Service or repair should be done only by
trained, qualified professionals. Failure to follow
instructions and use proper safety precautions can cause
injury or death.
The following table should be used to help troubleshoot the test chamber. For more
technical assistance, please call the factory 1-888-292-1552.
Table 20 - Troubleshooting Table
PROBLEM
Chamber controller doesn’t
power up
POSSIBLE CAUSE
Main disconnect not on
Ground fault interrupt tripped
Controller circuit breaker tripped
Doors won’t open/close (applies Doors not closed far enough prior to turning switch
to REAL-48/48T)
Palm button pushed in
Control power not on
24VDC control power fuse blown
Door solenoid valve not operating
No air pressure to chamber
Lights don’t turn on
Switch not turned on
Bulbs burned out
Light fuse blown
12VDC power supply failed
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11001199 Rev. M
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Drawings Appendix
Real Chambers Test Chambers
Fans don’t turn on
Chamber cools but doesn’t heat
Chamber heats but doesn’t cool
Chamber doesn’t heat or cool
Doors not closed
Control power not on
Fan Event on controller not on
Door guard switch(s) not engaged
Motor starter circuit breaker tripped
Control relay(s) not closed
Reset button not pressed (not illuminated)
Heat Event on controller not on
Air temperature high safety limit exceeded
Heater circuit breakers tripped
Controller not calling for heat
Controller internal limit exceeded
Controller not configured properly
Controller not giving output
Heater contactors not pulled in
SSR failed
Reset button not pressed (not illuminated)
Cooling Event on controller not turned on
Air temperature cold safety limit exceeded
Controller not calling for cool
Controller internal limit exceeded
Controller not configured properly
Controller not giving output
No air pressure
Cooling safety solenoid not open
Cooling I/P valve failed or needs calibration
Cooling control valve failed
Control power not on
Door(s) not closed
Fans not on
Reset button not pressed
Heat and Cool Events on controller not on
Controller has alarm error
Controller not configured properly
Timer relay not engaging
Air temperature limits exceeded
Air temperature safety controller not configured
properly
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11001199 Rev. M
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Drawings Appendix
Real Chambers Test Chambers
No vibration in Manual mode
Control power not on
Vibration Mode switch not in “Manual” position
No air supply to chamber
Individual hammer air valves turned off
Vibration safety solenoid not open
Vibration I/P valve failed or needs calibration
Volume booster failed
o Component Identification/Location
Door Guard Switch
The door guard switch is located at the top of the chamber door. The REAL-20/20T has
only one proximity switch while all other chambers have two. This switch is wired into
the control system and is used for safety measures. If the doors open, the controller gets
notified via the switch and disables various chamber functions. The following picture
shows the door guard switch:
Cable goes to
control box
Sensing part of
switch
Switch actuator
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11001199 Rev. M
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Drawings Appendix
Real Chambers Test Chambers
Emergency Palm Button
The emergency palm button is used on the REAL-48/48T. This button is an emergency
safety device. If the button is pushed in, the doors will automatically open and the
chamber will stop operation. To reset the chamber, the button needs to be pulled out
towards the center of the chamber. The following picture identifies the palm button on
the inside of the chamber:
Chamber access
port
Emergency palm
button
Cooling and Vibration I/P Valves
The cooling and vibration I/P valves convert the controller’s linear 4-20mA signal into a
proportional pressure signal. In the case of the cooling I/P valve, the 4-20mA signal is
converted to a pressure of 3-15 psig. For the vibration I/P valve, the 4-20mA signal is
converted to a pressure of 0-120 psig. Both of these valves should be calibrated at least
once a year. Note the REAL-20/20T does not have a cooling I/P valve as it uses time
proportional control of the cooling valve. Both I/P valves are located inside the control
box.
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Drawings Appendix
Real Chambers Test Chambers
DRAWINGS APPENDIX
ITEM
DRAWING NUMBER
Outline and Dimension Drawing REAL-20 ...................................B-10998281
Outline and Dimension Drawing REAL-30 ...................................B-11739901
Outline and Dimension Drawing REAL-36 ...................................B-10998290
Outline and Dimension Drawing REAL-48 ...................................B-10998302
Pneumatic Schematic REAL-20 .....................................................B-14136540
Pneumatic Schematic REAL-30 .....................................................B-14136558
Pneumatic Schematic REAL-36 .....................................................B-14136566
Pneumatic Schematic REAL-48 .....................................................B-14136574
Liquid Nitrogen Schematic REAL-20 ............................................A-11001586
Liquid Nitrogen Schematic REAL-30 ............................................C-14090431
Liquid Nitrogen Schematic REAL-36 ............................................C-14170836
Liquid Nitrogen Schematic REAL-48 ............................................C-14210447
Electrical Schematic
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11001199 Rev. M
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