Mascot® LX
User’s Manual
Document 1286A
User’s Information for
Mascot ® LX
Wall-Mounted, Modulating
Boiler
Model MLXH
50, 75, 100, 125, 150, 175,
& 220 MBH
Combination Boiler
Model MLXC
125, 150 and 175 MBH
FOR YOUR SAFETY: This product must be installed and serviced by a professional service technician,
qualified in hot water boiler and heater installation and maintenance. Improper installation and/or operation
could create carbon monoxide gas in flue gases which could cause serious injury, property damage, or
death. Improper installation and/or operation will void the warranty.
WARNING
If the information in this manual is not
followed exactly, a fire or explosion may
result causing property damage, personal
injury or loss of life.
Do not store or use gasoline or other
flammable vapors and liquids in the vicinity
of this or any other appliance.
•
•
•
•
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS
Do not try to light any appliance.
Do not touch any electrical switch; do not
use any phone in your building.
Immediately call your gas supplier from a
nearby phone. Follow the gas supplier’s
instructions.
If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call
the fire department.
H2364100A
Installation and service must be performed
by a qualified installer, service agency, or gas
supplier.
AVERTISSEMENT
Assurez-vous de bien suivres les instructions
données dans cette notice pour réduire au
minimum le risque d’incendie ou d’explosion
ou pour éviter tout dommage matériel, toute
blessure ou la mort.
Ne pas entreposer ni utiliser d’essence ni
d’autres vapeurs ou liquides inflammables dans
le voisinage de cet appareil ou de tout autre
appareil.
QUE FAIRE SI VOUS SENTEZ UNE ODEUR DE GAZ:
• Ne pas tenter d’allumer d’appareils.
• Ne touchez à aucun interrupteur. Ne pas vous servir
des téléphones dansle bâtiment où vous êtes.
• Appelez immédiatement votre fournisseur de
gaz depuis un voisin. Suivez les instructions
du fournisseur.
• Si vous ne pouvez rejoindre le fournisseur de
gaz, appelez le sservice des incendies.
L’installation et l’entretien doivent être assurés par
un installateur ou un service d’entretien qualifié ou
par le fournisseur de gaz.
LAARS Heating Systems
MASCOT LX
LAARS Heating Systems
SECTION 1.
Contents
Pgs General
Information
Familiarizing
yourself to the Laars Mascot LX..............1
1. Caring For Your Mascot LX.......................................2
2. Filling, Shut Down and Restart................................2-3
3. The User Interface and the Digital Display.............4-5
START-UP
INSTRUCTIONS
WIRING
DIAGRAM
RATING PLATE
Figure 1. Opening the Mascot LX.
The top and bottom panels come off when
pulled forward. This is true for all sizes.
FAMILIARIZING YOURSELF TO THE
WARNING®
Mascot LX units must be installed in accordance with the procedures detailed in this manual, or the LAARS Heating
Systems warranty will be voided. The installation must conform to the requirements of the local jurisdiction having
authority, and, in the United States, to the latest edition of the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1/NFPA54. In
Canada, the installation must conform to the latest edition of CSA B149.1 Natural Gas and Propane Gas Installation
Code, and/or local codes. Where required by the authority having jurisdiction, the installation of Mascot LX boilers
must conform to the Standard for Controls and Safety Devices for Automatically Fired Boilers, ANSI/ASME CSD1. Any modifications to the boiler, its gas controls, or wiring may void the warranty. If field conditions require
modifications, consult the factory representative before initiating such modifications.
Mascot LX
LAARS Heating Systems
Page 2
Page 1
User’s Manual - Mascot LX Boilers and Water Heaters
1.5 Mascot LX, Overview
GAS SUPPLY
CENTRAL HEAT OUT
CONNECTION
(SUPPLY WATER)
LIFT
CENTRAL HEAT
IN CONNECTION
(RETURN WATER)
BOTTOM
VIEW
2 SCREWS
USER
INTERFACE
ON / OFF
SWITCH
TEMPERATURE /
PRESSURE GAUGE
2 SCREWS
LOW VOLTAGE
FIELD CONNECTION
TERMINALS
CENTRAL HEAT
IN CONNECTION
(RETURN WATER)
AUTOMATIC
AIR VENT
LOW WATER CUT OFF
(OPTIONAL)
WATER PRESSURE
SWITCH
BLOCKED VENT
PRESSURE SWITCH
DHW
HOT OUT
DHW
COLD IN
DHW FLAT PLATE
HEAT EXCHANGER
(COMBINATION BOILERS ONLY)
COMBUSTION INLET
EXHAUST
SERVICE HATCH
GAS SUPPLY
COMBUSTION
AIR FAN
( BLOWER )
GAS VALVE
HEAT EXCHANGER
ASME TAG
HEAT EXCHANGER
SHOWN WITH THE FRONT PANELS OFF,
AND A SIDE PANEL MISSING FOR VISUAL
PURPOSES.
3-WAY VALVE
PUMP
CENTRAL HEAT OUT
CONNECTION
(SUPPLY WATER)
CONDENSATE
TRAP
Figure
Location of
Figure 3.
2. Location
of Components
Components.
FOLDS DOWN
TO OPEN
HIGH VOLTAGE
FIELD CONNECTION
TERMINALS
Page 2
1. Caring For Your Mascot LX
Your Mascot LX will require very little
maintenance. However, as with any fine appliance
there are certain steps that should be taken to ensure
continuing optimum performance.
1.1 General Care
Keep the area around the Mascot LX clean and
free from combustible materials, gasoline and other
flammable liquids and vapors.
The Mascot LX must be completely isolated and
protected from any source of corrosive chemical fumes
such as trichlorethylene, perchlorethylene, chlorine,
etc.
Keep bottom and top openings on the boiler free
for proper ventilation of interior components.
Do not obstruct or block a free flow of air to the
boiler to ensure proper ventilation.
If desired, clean the jacket surfaces with a damp
cloth and mild detergent. Do not use flammable
cleaning materials.
If sidewall vented, keep the vent terminal clear
of obstructions — do not pile snow against the vent
terminal. Clean the intake screen often, and then
develop an appropriate maintenance schedule.
1.2 Annual Inspection of Flue and Vents
Visually inspect the vent pipe once a year. Should
any deterioration exist, have the affected parts replaced
by a qualified service person.
1.3 In the Event of a Power Failure
The Mascot LX can not be operated during
an electrical power outage. If there is an extended
power outage with danger from freezing, then the
Mascot LX (and all other water systems) should be
drained completely. When draining the boiler, turn
off main electrical disconnect switch. When placing
back in service, refer to Section 2 of this Manual for
instruction. All draining and filling must only be done
by a qualified service person.
1.4 Full Service Every Three (3) Years
In addition to the annual visual inspections, a
qualified service agency should conduct a detailed
inspection of all flue product carrying areas of the
boiler and its venting system.
2. Filling, Shut Down and Restart
2.1 Filling the Boiler System
1.Ensure the system is fully connected. Close all
bleeding devices and open make-up water valve.
Allow system to fill slowly.
2. Move manual lever on 3-way valve actuator to
LAARS Heating Systems
“open” position, allowing air to purge from boiler
loop. Valve is normally in DHW position until
there is a call for Central Heat via “T-T” contacts.
3. If a water pressure regulator is provided on the
make-up water line, adjust the pressure regulator
to provide at least 12 psi (81.8 kPa) at the highest
point in the heating loop.
4.Open bleeding devices on all radiation units at the
high points in the piping throughout the system,
unless automatic air bleeders are provided at such
points.
Note that there is an air bleed located on the left
side of Mascot LX, on top of the jacket.
5. Cycle the boiler pump on and off 10 times, 10
seconds on and 10 seconds off to remove all air
from the heat exchanger. Then run system and
appliance pump for a minimum of 30 minutes with
the gas shut off.
6. Using manual lever located on left side of 3-way
valve actuator, move from “open” position back to
closed position repeatedly. This process forces air
out of the internal DHW loop.
WARNING
Failure to remove all air from the heat exchanger could
lead to property damage, severe injury or death.
7. Recheck all air bleeders as described in Step 4.
8.Shut down the entire system and vent all radiation
units and high points in the system piping, as
described in Step 4.
9. Close make-up water valve and check strainer in
pressure reducing valve for sediment or debris from
the make-up water line. Reopen make-up water
valve.
10. Check gauge for correct water pressure and then
the system is ready for operation.
11. Refer to local codes and the make-up water valve
manufacturer’s instructions as to whether the
make-up water valve should be left open or closed.
12. After placing the unit in operation, the ignition
system safety shutoff device must be tested.
Shut off the manual gas valve, and call the unit for
heat. Main gas valve will be energized, attempting
to light, for four (4) seconds, and then will deenergize. The unit will go into lockout after the
required number of trial for ignition periods.
Press the manual reset button on the boiler control,
or the user display, open the manual gas valve and
allow the unit to light. While the unit is operating,
close the manual gas valve and ensure that power
to the main gas valve has been cut.
13. Within three (3) days of start-up, recheck all air
bleeders and the expansion tank as described in
Steps 4 and 8 above.
User’s Manual - Mascot LX Boilers and Water Heaters
WARNING
Improper adjustment may lead to poor combustion
quality, increasing the amount of carbon monoxide
produced. Excessive carbon monoxide levels may
lead to personal injury or death.
WARNING
Do not use this boiler if any part has been under
water. Immediately call a qualified service technician
to inspect the boiler and to replace any part of the
control system and any gas control which has been
under water.
FOR SERVICE
Contact your installing contractor, gas utility, Laars
dealer, or call Laars for the nearest authorized
representative in your area.
WARNING
If the information in these instructions is not
followed exactly, a fire or explosion may result
causing property damage, personal injury or
death.
Page 3
2.2 Shutting Down Mascot LX
1.Turn off the main electrical disconnect switch.
2. Close all manual gas valves.
3. If freezing is anticipated, drain Mascot LX and be
sure to also protect building piping from freezing.
All water must be removed from heat exchanger
and condensate trap or else damage from freezing
may occur.
This step to be performed by a qualified service person.
2.3 To Restart Mascot LX
I f drained, please refer back to section 2.1 of
this manual before restarting.
1.Turn off the main electrical disconnect switch.
2. Close all manual gas valves.
3. WAIT FIVE (5) MINUTES.
4.Set the aquastat or thermostat to its lowest setting.
5.Open all manual gas valves.
6. Reset all safety switches (pressure switch, manual
reset high limit, etc.).
7.Switch on electrical power.
8. Burner will go through a prepurge period and
ignitor warm-up period, followed by ignition.
AVERTISSEMENT
Assurez-vous de bien suivre les instructions
données dans cette notice pour réduire au minimum
le risque d’incendie ou d’explosion ou pour éviter
tout dommage matériel, toute blessure ou la mort.
— Do not store or use gasoline or other flammable
vapors and liquids in the vicinity of this or any
other appliance.
— Ne pas entreposer ni utiliser d’essence ou ni
d’autres vapeurs ou liquides inflammables à
proximité de cet appareil ou de tout autre appareil.
— WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS
• Do not try to light any appliance.
• Do not touch any electrical switch; do not use any
phone in your building.
• Immediately call your gas supplier from a
neighbor’s phone. Follow the gas supplier’s
instructions.
• If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call the fire
department.
— QUE FAIRE SI VOUS SENTEZ UNE ODEUR DE GAZ :
• Ne pas tenter d’allumer d’appareils.
• Ne touchez à aucun interrupteur. Ne pas vous
servir des téléphones dans le bâtiment où vous
vous trouvez.
• Appelez immédiatement votre fournisseur de
gaz depuis un voisin. Suivez les instructions du
fournisseur.
• Si vous ne pouvez rejoindre le fournisseur de gaz,
appelez le service des incendies.
— Installation and service must be performed by
a qualified installer, service agency or the gas
supplier.
— L’installation et l’entretien doivent être assurés par
un installateur ou un service d’entretien qualifié ou
par le fournisseur de gaz.
Page 4
3. T
he User Interface and the
Digital Display
LAARS Heating Systems
until U00 is displayed. Press ‘Select/OK’ again and then
release. Change the value to 15 and then press ‘Select/OK’
again. The Installer Mode Parameters will then be
accessible by pressing the Up or Down arrows.
NOTE: For the full list of ‘Installer Mode
Parameters’ and full details on using the User Interface,
please see the Mascot LX Installation and Operating
Manual (Document 1285), available on laars.com
Figure 3. The User Interface.
3.1Digital Display
The centerpiece of the User Interface is the Digital
Display. All of the needed parameters of the Mascot LX
can be viewed and adjusted on this Digital Display. All
controls can be adjusted using the ‘Select’ button and the
Up and Down arrows.
3.2 Controller Modes
Three control modes can be displayed:
User, Installer, and Service.
3.2A The User Mode
The User Mode is for a homeowner or service
technician to adjust the most common operating
parameters. In the USER Mode, when the boiler is
ON and operating normally, the USER can scroll Up
and Down using the Arrow Keys. Of the 7 viewable
parameters, 4 can be adjusted (depending on if they are
installed). The USER adjustable parameters are the Outlet
Temp, DHW Setpoint, and Outdoor Air Temp. If the
System Setpoint is installed, it can be adjusted, but then
the Outlet Temperature can no longer be adjusted.
These parameters can be adjusted in the USER
Mode by pressing the ‘Select/OK’ button (while in that
parameter) and then using the Up and Down arrows to
set to the desired temperature.
Once the desired parameter is displayed, always
press ‘Select/OK’ again to Save that setting.
3.2B The Installer Mode
The Installer Mode is an extensive set of
parameters that can be changed to suit the individual
installation and should only be accessed by a trained
service technician or installer.
To access the Installer Mode, hold
‘Select/OK’ and the down ˅ arrow key simultaneously
To change the value of that parameter, press Select/
OK button again. The parameter will blink. Pressing
the Up or Down arrows will increase or decrease the
parameter value. The value will be confirmed by pressing
Select/OK button and the blink will stop.
The parameter value will return to the previous setting
if you press the Cancel button.
Otherwise, Exit INSTALLER Mode by pressing and
holding ‘Select/OK’ for 3 seconds.
3.2C The SERVICE Mode
The Service Mode is intended for servicing and
troubleshooting of the unit by a Mascot LX trained
service technican. The ‘Service’ Mode can be activated by pressing
and holding the ‘Select/OK’ button and ‘Up Arrow’
simultaneously for five seconds. With an active call for
heat, the boiler will light and run at 100% of firing rate.
The boilers input can be adjusted in 20% rate increments
by pressing the ‘Up’ or ‘Down’ Arrows. You can also
toggle between Maximum Rate and Minimum Rate by
pressing the ‘Select/OK’ button. To exit SERVICE Mode
depress and hold the ‘Select/OK’ button for five seconds.
3.3Ignition Control- Sequence of Events
1. Call for heat
2.Safety chain check
3. Fan starts.
4. Prepurge timer is started.
5. Pre ignition time of 2 seconds to check the flame
sensor operation and status.
6.Trial for ignition starts by energizing the spark
ignition and opening the gas valve. If flame is
sensed, the control starts the burner to satisfy the
demand. If the flame is not established the control
enters a ‘retry’ starting again from step 2. If flame
is not established after 4 attempts, the control will
lockout with an E12 error code.
7. Call for heat complete.
8. Gas valve off.
9. Fan and pump over run times active to purge the system.
The sequence is the same for DHW or Central
Heat modes. Upon a call for Central Heat, the 3-way
valve will shift position, allowing boiler water to enter
User’s Manual - Mascot LX Boilers and Water Heaters
the building’s heating loop. Only after the value shifts
position will the firing sequence begin.
3.4Modulation Control
The control uses a PID algorithm to adjust
the firing rate of the boiler as the control point is
approached. The goal of the control is to operate at a
minimum firing rate to match the load on the appliance.
3.5Pump Control
The boiler pump is active anytime there is a call for
heat applied to the control. When there is a central heat
call the system pump relay is active. If there is a DHW
call while the central heat call is active the system pump
turns off. This happens because of domestic hot water
priority, which forces the control to satisfy the domestic
water demand prior to the hydronic demand. When the
last heat demand is satisfied the boiler pump enters an
overrun time.
3.6High Limit
The control uses a dual thermistor sensor to
monitor the Mascot LX’s maximum temperature. The
high limit sensor is installed in the outlet water. A dual
thermistor sensor is used, so that the two temperatures
can be monitored and compared to confirm accuracy.
The control will automatically reduce the firing of the
Mascot LX to prevent the high limit from tripping. The
high limit setpoint is not adjustable.
3.7 Stack Temperature
The stack temperature is a dual thermistor sensor
and is limit rated. The control compares each of the
temperature readings to determine accuracy. The stack
sensor is used as a limiting feature to avoid excessive
temperatures in the venting.
3.8 Domestic Hot Water Temperature
The domestic hot water temperature sensor is used
to control the DHW temperature. The DHW setpoint can
be adjusted through the Base / Home state and the User
Mode. On LX ‘C’ or Combi models, the DHW sensor is
pre-installed in the DHW exchanger. On LX ‘H’ or Heat
models the DHW can be can be controlled by an aquastat
or optional DHW sensor installed in an indirect tank.
3.9 Cascade Auto Configuration
To operate up to 8 boilers in cascade, the boilers
must be “daisy chained” together using Modbus
terminals A, B and GND, located on the boilers terminal
block. The wiring should be completed with at least
three wire shielded cable with ground. The ground wire
should be connected to a suitable chassis ground on one
end of the daisy chain only. Wire each boilers terminal
A in series with the next boilers terminal A until all are
Page 5
connected. Repeat this process for Terminal B and
GND.
To configure the control system, identify which
boiler is going to be the “master” boiler for the cascade
system and navigate to installer parameter P06,
“Cascade Address”. Set the address to “0” and press
and hold “select”. When “auto cfg” appears on the
display press “select” to start the auto configuration
process. The auto configuration process will find all
boilers connected to the “master” boiler and assign
addresses. When auto configuration is complete the
display should show “boilr #” where # is the total
number of boilers found in the cascade system.
The final steps are to set the individual setpoints
in the cascade system, which include P07 “Cascade
Setpoint”, P08 “Cascade off Hysteresis” and P09
“Cascade on hysteresis”. These variables must be set to
the appropriate values for the installation. When setting
P09 “cascade on hysteresis” the value should NOT be
less than P08 “Cascade off Hysteresis” as P09 references
the off point (P07+ P08) as the starting point for the on
hysteresis. An example of this is shown below.
Correct settings:
P07 = 120°F
P08 = 10°F
P09 = 20°F
With these setting the modulation point is 120°F
The off point is 120°F + 10°F = 130°F
The on point is 130°F – 20°F = 110°F
Incorrect settings:
P07 = 120°F
P08 = 10°F
P09 = 5°F
With these setting the modulation point is 120°F
The off point is 120°F + 10°F = 130°F
The on point is 130°F – 5°F = 125°F
In this case the boiler is turning back on prior to
reaching the modulation point, which could lead to
short cycling.
3.9.1 Cascade Manual Configuration
In some applications it may be necessary to
configure the cascade system manually. To do this, the
boilers should be wired as shown in the Auto Cascade
section of the manual. Then each individual control in
the cascade must have a specific address assigned by
adjusting P06 “ Cascade address” on each boiler. To
start, identify the boiler that will be the “master” boiler.
Navigate to parameter P06 “cascade address” set to
“0” and press “Select” (do NOT press and hold select).
Then press and hold select.
Repeat this process for each boiler in the cascade
setting each address to a unique number.
The last step is to adjust all of the setpoints
for the installation application as shown in the Auto
cascade section of the manual.
LAARS Heating Systems
H2364100A
Dimensions and specifications subject to change without notice in accordance with our policy of continuous product improvement.
Customer Service and Product Support: 800.900.9276 • Fax 800.559.1583
Headquarters: 20 Industrial Way, Rochester, NH 03867 • 603.335.6300 • Fax 603.335.3355
1869 Sismet Road, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada L4W 1W8 • 905.238.0100 • Fax 905.366.0130
www.Laars.com
Litho in U.S.A. © Laars Heating Systems 1410 Document 1286A
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