National GHG calculators – harmonized in co

National GHG calculators – harmonized in co
National GHG calculators –
harmonized in co-operation with
BioGrace
Simone te Buck
Agentschap NL
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
Contents
1. Introduction
2. Dutch GHG calculator
3. German GHG calculator
4. Spanish GHG calculator
5. UK GHG calculator
6. Conclusions
Slide 2
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
Introduction
Rules and methodology for GHG calculations
• RED article 19: Economic operators may use
o default values (19.1.a)
o actual values calculated according to Annex V.C (19.1.b)
o sum of actual value and disaggregated default value (19.1.c)
• RED Annex V.C + June communications: Methodology
Making actual calculations not straightforward
• Some kind of tool or software is needed
o Some companies will develop own tools
o Many others will use publicly available tools
Several GHG calculators available
Project BioGrace will ensure that all calculators will give
the same result
Slide 3
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
Contents
1. Introduction
2. Dutch GHG calculator
3. German GHG calculator
4. Spanish GHG calculator
5. UK GHG calculator
6. Conclusions
Slide 4
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
Dutch tool - General information
Background
o
o
Dutch government prepared a reporting obligation on
sustainability for biofuels to start per 1-1-2009
This was abandoned after the publication of the draft Renewable
Energy Directive (RED).
The Dutch GHG calculator
o
o
o
o
Slide 5
was developed in 2007/2008 by consultants EcoFys and CE
has been available for (Dutch) stakeholders to make GHG
calculation on biofuels
has not been used extensively due to lack of legal framework in
2008 – 2010
was recently updated and made “RED”- proof by Agency NL
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
Dutch GHG tool
Reference:
Diesel
Biofuel:
Biodiesel
Biodiesel
Feedstock:
Rapeseed
Rapeseed
Load Default Values
Chain management
1
Calculate Results
Disclaimer
1
Adapt Chain
D = Default; U = User input
shtBioRapeseed
Current chain: Biodiesel from Rapeseed (not saved by user)
Feedstock production
Yield main product
Main product
Material & energy use
Material & energy use
Material & energy use
Material & energy use
Material & energy use
Material & energy use
Material & energy use
Field emissions
Field emissions
Raw rapeseed
Moisture content
Diesel
N fertilizer
CaO fertilizer
K2O fertilizer
P2O5 fertilizer
Pesticides
Seeding material - rapeseed
Field N2O emissions
Direct Land Use Change
Feedstock drying
Yield main product
Main product
Material & energy use
Material & energy use
Transport feedstock
Yield main product
Main product
Transport
Extraction in oil mill Public workshop
SlideYield
6 main product
March 21, 2011
Yield by-product
Version 3.1 - aug
3113
0,10
2963
137,4
19,00
49,46
33,67
1,230
6,000
3,103
kg / (ha*yr)
kg / kg
MJ / (ha*yr)
kg N / (ha*yr)
kg CaO / (ha*yr)
kg K2O / (ha*yr)
kg P2O5 / (ha*yr)
kg / (ha*yr)
kg / (ha*yr)
kg / (ha*yr)
g CO2/MJbiofuel
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
Dried rapeseed
Moisture content
Diesel
Electricity (EU-mix, LV)
1,000
0,10
0,181
3,079
MJdried rapeseed / (MJraw rapeseed)
kg / kg
MJ / (GJdried rapeseed)
MJ / (GJdried rapeseed)
D
D
D
D
Dried rapeseed
Moisture content
Truck for dry product (Diesel)
0,990 MJdried rapeseed / (MJdried rapeseed)
0,10 kg / kg
50 km
D
D
D
0,613 MJcrude oil / (MJdried rapeseed)
0,387 MJrapeseed cake / (MJdried rapeseed)
D
D
No
Utrecht
Crude vegetable oil
Rapeseed cake
Dutch GHG tool
Summary Input
Biofuel
Feedstock
Process
Reference
Summary output
Biodiesel
Rapeseed
Diesel
Feedstock production
Transport actions
Conversion operations
Print summary results
End use
Fossil indirect
Total
% Reduction
Show detailed results
Return to input
Biodiesel from Rapeseed
Energy use (per MJ)
GHG emissions (kg/MJ)
(MJ)
(% of ref.) (g CO2-eq.) (% of ref.)
0,1672
14%
28,7496
34%
0,0233
2%
1,4345
2%
0,3677
32%
21,5636
26%
0,5582
48,3%
51,7%
51,7477
Avoided emission (tonne CO2/ha/yr)
61,8%
38,2%
Reference: Diesel
Energy use (per MJ)
GHG emissions (kg/MJ)
(MJ)
(%)
(g CO2-eq.)
(%)
1,0000
0,1550
1,1550
87%
13%
100%
70,1047
13,6953
83,8000
84%
16%
100%
0%
1371,5
Biofuels greenhouse gas calculator
GHG emissions [% of reference]
120%
Energy use [% of reference]
120%
100%
100%
100%
100%
80%
80%
61,8%
60%
Fossil indirect
60%
End use
48,3%
Conversion
operations
Transport actions
40%
40%
20%
20%
Public workshop Utrecht
2011
Reference: Diesel
0%Slide 7
March 21,
Biodiesel from Rapeseed
0%
Biodiesel from
Rapeseed
Reference: Diesel
Dutch GHG tool
Biofuel
Feedstock
Process
Reference
Biodiesel
Rapeseed
Diesel
Energy use
[MJ fossil fuel/
MJ biofuel]
Feedstock production
Diesel
N fertilizer
CaO fertilizer
K2O fertilizer
P2O5 fertilizer
Pesticides
Seeding material - rapeseed
Field N2O emissions
Direct Land Use Change
Total Feedstock production
0,047
0,092
5,13E-04
6,55E-03
7,02E-03
4,52E-03
6,46E-04
0,00E+00
0,159
Return to overview results
Absolute Numbers (including allocation)
Emission CO2
Emission N2O
Emission CH4
[kg CO2/
[kg CO2-eq/
[kg CO2-eq/
MJ biofuel]
MJ biofuel]
MJ biofuel]
3,555
5,319
0,031
0,363
0,445
0,166
0,034
0,00E+00
0,00E+00
9,914
0,00E+00
5,370
1,41E-03
2,47E-03
7,03E-03
8,38E-03
0,024
12,575
17,989
Allocation burden of this and previous steps to main product Raw rapeseed
Allocation burden of this and previous steps to by-product Raw rapeseed
Allocation burden of this step to Biodiesel at end-of-chain
Feedstock drying
Diesel
Electricity (EU-mix, LV)
Total Feedstock drying
2,13E-04
8,51E-03
8,72E-03
0,016
0,377
0,393
Slide 8
2,29E-03
2,29E-03
0,173
0,173
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
0,00E+00
0,376
1,29E-03
0,024
0,014
9,89E-03
1,72E-03
0,00E+00
0,427
Relative contribution (including allocation)
Emission CO2
Emission N2O
Emission CH4
[%]
[%]
[%]
Emission GHG
[kg CO2-eq/
MJ biofuel]
Energy use
[%]
3,555
11,065
0,034
0,390
0,466
0,185
0,060
12,575
0,00E+00
28,331
8,4%
16,5%
0,1%
1,2%
1,3%
0,8%
0,1%
0,0%
28,4%
6,9%
10,3%
0,1%
0,7%
0,9%
0,3%
0,1%
0,0%
0,0%
19,2%
0,0%
10,4%
0,0%
0,0%
0,0%
0,0%
0,0%
24,3%
34,8%
0,0%
0,7%
0,0%
0,0%
0,0%
0,0%
0,0%
0,0%
0,8%
0,016
0,403
0,419
0,0%
1,5%
1,6%
0,0%
0,7%
0,8%
0,0%
0,0%
0,0%
0,0%
0,0%
0,0%
0,173
0,173
0,4%
0,4%
0,3%
0,3%
0,0%
0,0%
0,0%
0,0%
100,0%
0,0%
58,6%
0,00E+00
5,05E-03
5,05E-03
Allocation burden of this and previous steps to main product Dried rapeseed
Allocation burden of this and previous steps to by-product Dried rapeseed
Allocation burden of this step to Biodiesel at end-of-chain
Transport feedstock
Truck for dry product (Diesel)
Total Transport feedstock
Return to input
0,00E+00
0,00E+00
0,00E+00
0,021
0,021
100,0%
0,0%
58,6%
2,43E-04
2,43E-04
Dutch GHG tool
DIRECT LAND USE CHANGE CALCULATION
Return to input
1. Standard Soil Carbon stock in mineral soil (SOCST)
Climate region
Soil type
Boreal
High activity clay soils
See figure 1
See figure 3 & 2
The blue fields are drop down boxes.
SOCST
Result
68 ton C / ha
2. Factors reflecting the difference in Soil Organic Carbon (SOC) compared to the Standard Soil Organic Carbon (SOCST)
Actual land use
Type of land
Climate region
Land use FLU
Management FMG
Input FI
Reference land use
Default=Calculate with standard values Default
User = Own calculation incl. measured value
Cropland
Temperate/Boreal, dry
Cultivated
Full-tillage
Low
See tables 3, 6 and 8
0,8
1
0,95
SOCA
Result
Type of land
Climate region
Land use FLU
Management FMG
Input FI
Default=Calculate with standard values Default
User = Own calculation incl. measured value
Cropland
Temperate/Boreal, dry
Cultivated
Full-tillage
Low
0,8
1
0,95
SOCref
Result
51,68 ton C / ha
See tables 3, 6 and 8
51,68 g C / ha
3. Above and below ground vegetation (Cveg)
Actual land use
Type of land
Domain
Climate region
Ecological zone
Continent
Crop type
Reference land use
Default=Calculate with standard values Default
User = Own calculation incl. measured value
Type of land
Domain
Climate region
Ecological zone
Continent
Crop type
Cropland (General)
Result
CVEG,A
Default=Calculate with standard values Default
User = Own calculation incl. measured value
Forest 10-30% canopy cover, excl plantations
Temperate
Temperate continental forest
Asia, Europe (<= 20 y)
Result
0 ton C / ha
CVEG, ref
2 ton C / ha
4. Bonus (eb) for cultivation on restored degraded land under the conditions provided for in point 8 of Annex V of directive.
Bonus
No
No = 0 g CO2/MJ
Yes = -29 g CO2/MJ
Total results
Public workshop Utrecht
Result: CO
Slide
9 emission caused by direct land use change 8,5625592 g CO /MJ biofuel
March 21, 2011
2
2
Calculate Results
Re-calculate the results if you changed the values here or at the input page.
Dutch tool - Summary
Contents
o
o
Excel-based tool
Tool is rather similar to BioGrace Excel sheets, but
−
−
o
It is more user-friendly:
no calculations details, results in graphs
DLUC calculations are user-friendly
The software programming makes it less flexible
−
More difficult to modify pathways or build new ones
Status
o
o
o
Slide 10
Tool is available on-line via
www.senternovem.nl/gave_english/ghg_tool
All 22 chains (BioGrace) are included
Updates follow updates of BioGrace Excel sheet
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
Contents
1. Introduction
2. Dutch GHG calculator
3. German GHG calculator
4. Spanish GHG calculator
5. UK GHG calculator
6. Conclusions
Slide 11
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
German tool - general information
Background
o
o
No public tool has been available so far in Germany
Aim: to facilitate stakeholders calculating actual values
(combination of actual values and disaggregated default
values)
The German GHG calculator
o
o
o
o
Slide 12
is made by IFEU, contracted by BMU
should be finalised mid 2011
should be in line with BLE Guidance
is strongly linked to economic operators: 1 sheet dedicated
for cultivators, mill operators, refinery operators, etc.
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
German GHG tool
Slide 13
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
German GHG tool
Slide 14
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
German GHG tool
I. Market actor: Plantation operator, first purchaser
Step-by-step manual for calculating GHG emissions of oil palm cultivation
The CO2 emissions from
oil palm cultivation amount to
123,7 g CO2eq/kg FFB
Size of the FFB batch
0 kg
Enter your operating data in step 1-4 to calculate CO2 emissions of your FFB batch
STEP 1 - GHG emissions from land use changes
Do FFB´s originate from plantation areas that were plantation areas before january 1st 2008?
yes
Emissions from land use change are
zero.
Click here to calculate emissions in
sheet "land use changes"
Which emissions arose from land use changes?
0 kg CO2eq per ha per year
Slide 15
Public workshop Utrecht
March
21, 2011
STEP 2 - GHG emissions from cultivation
German GHG tool
I. Market actor: Plantation operator, first purchaser
Step-by-step manual for calculating CO2 emissions from land use change
The European Commission has published guidelines for the calculation of land carbon stocks (notified under document C (2010) 3751).
These consist of tables with values for carbon stock in soils, above and below ground biomass for different soil types, climate regions,
vegetation types etc.
#WAARDE!
kg CO2eq per ha per year
Specify the parameters in step 1-4 to calculate CO2 emissions from land use changes
STEP 1 - Carbon stock in above and below ground biomass on 01.01.2008 (CSR)
Please select:
Vegetation type
Forest (10-30% canopy cover)
Domain
Climate region
Ecological zone
Continent
Above and below ground carbon on 01.01.08
Please make a valid selection
t C/ha
STEP 2 - Soil carbon on 01.01.2008 (CSR)
Climate region
Slide 16
Please
select:
Public
workshop
Utrecht
Soil type
MarchStandard
21, 2011
soil carbon t C/ha
Tropical, moist
Low activity clay soils
47
German GHG tool
I. Market actor: Plantation operator, first purchaser
Step-by-step manual for calculating GHG emissions of oil palm cultivation
The CO2 emissions from
oil palm cultivation amount to
123,7 g CO2eq/kg FFB
Size of the FFB batch
0 kg
Enter your operating data in step 1-4 to calculate CO2 emissions of your FFB batch
2 - GHG emissions from land
cultivation
STEP 1
use changes
Do
FFB´s
originate
fromper
plantation
areas that were plantation areas before january 1st 2008?
What
is your
FFB yield
ha per year?
from
use change are
yes
19.000 Emissions
kg FFBs per
ha land
per year
zero.
What is the size of your cultivation area?
Click here to calculate emissions in
"land use changes"
28 sheet
ha
How much fertilizer did you apply per ha per year? Please enter the amount for each of the following fertilizers.
Which emissions arose from land use changes?
N-fertiliser
Slide 17
per
hayear
per year
0 kg
2eqha
128,0
kg CO
N per
per
P2O5-fertiliser
Public
workshop Utrecht
144,0 kg P2O5 per ha per year
March
21,
2011emissions from 200,0
kg K2O per ha per year
K2O-fertiliser
STEP
2 - GHG
cultivation
German GHG tool
Slide 18
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
German GHG tool
Slide 19
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
German GHG tool
II. Market actor: Oil mill operator
Step-by-step manual for calculating CO2 emissions of CPO production
The CO2 emissions from
palm oil mill amount to
1517 g CO2eq/kg CPO
Size of the CPO batch
30000 kg
Enter your operating data in step 1-4 to calculate CO2 emissions of your CPO batch
STEP 1 - GHG emissions of pre-products
What GHG emissions arose from the production of the FFBs? Indicate whether you want to use the default value or a calculated
value.
Click here to use default value "126" g CO2eq/kg FFB in the field below
Click here to calculate your emissions in g CO2eq/kg FFB.
126 g CO2eq/kg FFB
STEP 2 - GHG emissions from oil mill operation
Slide 20
Public
Utrecht
How workshop
many tons of FFB´s
did you process per year?
March 21, 2011
10.000 t FFB/year
German GHG tool
Mixing CPO batches from several suppliers and averaging GHG emissions
Overall quantity
metric tonnes
Overall GHG value
g CO2eq/kg FFB
0
Supplier#
Slide 21
Public
March
Plantation name
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
workshop
19
20
21, 2011
Utrecht
FFB quantitity
metric tonnes
0
GHG value
g CO2eq/kg FFB
German GHG tool
Slide 22
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
German tool - Summary
Contents
o
o
Excel-based tool
Tool differs from BioGrace Excel sheets:
−
−
o
Pathways are split in partial calculations
DLUC calculations are user-friendly
The software programming makes it inflexible
−
Not possible to modify pathways or build new ones
Status
o
o
o
Slide 23
Tool is available on-line via www.ifeu.de/english
Currently one chain available: palm oil
Cereals-to-ethanol and oil_seeds-to-biodiesel chains
are ready but not available on line
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
Contents
1. Introduction
2. Dutch GHG calculator
3. German GHG calculator
4. Spanish GHG calculator
5. UK GHG calculator
6. Conclusions
Slide 24
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
Spanish tool - general information
Background
o
o
No public tool has been available so far in Spain
Aim: to provide stakeholders (especially farmers and small
biofuel companies) with a tool to calculate the GHG
emissions required by the RED
The Spanish GHG calculator
o
o
o
Slide 25
being developed by CIEMAT, contracted by IDAE
focuses on agricultural stages
uses data from NUTS study (actual values or averages
calculated for smaller geographical areas)
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
Spanish GHG tool
Slide 26
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
Spanish GHG tool
Biofuel and raw material selection screen
Slide 27
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March 21, 2011
Spanish GHG tool
Agricultural county selection screen
NUTs2
Slide 28
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March 21, 2011
NUTs3
NUTs4
Spanish GHG tool
Fertilization data input screen
Typical values for the agricultural county selected are uploaded
Slide 29
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March 21, 2011
Values to reproduce the default values of the RED are uploaded
Spanish GHG tool
Transformation data input screen
Slide 30
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
Values to reproduce the default values of the RED are uploaded
Spanish GHG tool
Results screen
Slide 31
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March 21, 2011
Spanish tool - Summary
Contents
o Tool build in Java
o Focus on Spain:
−
−
o
o
Contains data on agricultural inputs and yields for 6 crops used to
produce biofuels in Spain at the level of agrarian county (NUTs4)
Any farmer in the country can select his/her county and crop and the
corresponding values regarding agricultural inputs and yields will
appear in the tool.
For processing and transport: RED default values
Standard values from BioGrace
Status
o Biodiesel from rapeseed, rapeseed HVO and ethanol from
wheat CHP chains ready
o Final version expected mid-2011
Slide 32
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
Contents
1. Introduction
2. Dutch GHG calculator
3. German GHG calculator
4. Spanish GHG calculator
5. UK GHG calculator
6. Conclusions
Slide 33
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
UK tool - general information
Background
o
o
o
UK GHG calculator was developed under RTFO reporting
scheme
Calculator existing since 2008, regularly updated
Aim is to facilitate stakeholders calculating actual values
under RTFO reporting
The UK GHG calculator
o
o
o
o
Slide 34
was made and is regularly updated by consultant E4Tech,
contracted by RFA
has recently been made “RED-proof”
strongly linked to RTFO reporting scheme
provides more “standard values” as compared to BioGrace
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
UK GHG tool
Slide 35
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March 21, 2011
UK GHG tool
Slide 36
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
UK GHG tool
Slide 37
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
UK tool - Summary
Contents
o
o
o
Tool build in LCA-software package
Tool can produce supplier monthly and annual C&S reports
Tool differs from BioGrace Excel sheets:
−
−
o
More than 250 biofuel production pathways included
DLUC calculations not included
The software programming makes it flexible
−
Rather easy to modify pathways or build new ones
Status
o
o
Slide 38
Tool on-line via www.renewablefuelsagency.gov.uk
including a user manual
All chains available (and more) but not all chains give same
result (yet) as compared to RED defaults
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
Contents
1. Introduction
2. Dutch GHG calculator
3. German GHG calculator
4. Spanish GHG calculator
5. UK GHG calculator
6. Comparison of results
7. Conclusions
Slide 39
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
Comparison of results
Slide 40
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
Contents
1. Introduction
2. Dutch GHG calculator
3. German GHG calculator
4. Spanish GHG calculator
5. UK GHG calculator
6. Comparison of results
7. Conclusions
Slide 41
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
Conclusions
Several GHG calculators available
o
o
o
Two exist since 2008, three (including BioGrace Excel
sheets) are newly developed
Project BioGrace will ensure that all calculators will give
the same result
Some allow to modify or build new pathways, others don’t
National GHG calculators have different aims
o
o
Some are more focussed on national data or national
reporting, others are more international oriented
Focus on different aspects
−
−
Slide 42
Agricultural stages (Spain)
Supply of data through the chain of custody (Germany)
Public workshop Utrecht
March 21, 2011
Thank you for your attention
The sole responsibility for the content of this presentation lies with the authors. It does not necessarily reflect
the opinion of the European Union.
The European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.
Slide 43
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March 21, 2011
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