TSC Standard
Technical Specifications for Solar Home
System (SHS)
IDCOL Solar Program
Technical Standards Committee
July 2014
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Technical Standards for IDCOL Solar Home System
Program
1. Solar Home System Hardware Description
1.1 The Solar Home System (SHS) is intended to provide the user with a convenient means of supplying
power for small electrical loads such as lights, radio/cassette players or TV. A typical SHS operates
at a rated voltage of 12 Vdc and provides power for fluorescent luminaries, radio/cassette players,
small black and white TV or similar low-power appliance for about three to five hours a day.
Additionally, other types of luminaries, 12 Vdc or lower voltage DC to DC converter outlets or a
DC/AC inverter may be supplied as options. Each SHS consists of one or more photovoltaic (PV)
modules, charging a 12 Vdc battery along with luminaries, related electronic and electrical
components and mounting hardware. In addition to the above, LED tv can be introduced.One fan
(not exceeding 15W) can be introduced for systems above 75Wp.
1.2 The system should be designed to have at least two days autonomy (i.e. can run for two consecutive
days without charging from the panel). However three days autonomy can also be considered.
1.3 The SHS is packaged to provide convenient installation at a remote customer home site by a qualified
technician. The system is constructed such that a user can perform routine maintenance such as
adding battery water and replacing light bulbs and fuses, and a technician can easily perform system
diagnostics or replace components.
2. Certification Requirements
2.1 Products to be used under IDCOL Solar Home System Program (PV Component) must have a typetest certificate from an accredited testing and certification organization as elaborated in Annex-1.
For local products, a certification from a TSC authorized institution is acceptable. In case the
IDCOL authority feels, they may ask for sample test of any component from those aforesaid
institutions.
2.2 The supplier provides the most appropriate system integration, components, assembly and packaging
that meet all the component specifications in Annex-1: Solar Home System Component
Specifications' and the 'Recommended Practices' described below.
3. Recommended Practices
This section provides a minimum set of requirements that shall be followed in the design, specification and
installation of the qualified SHS. They form a set of “Recommended Practices” which when followed will
ensure adequate levels of safety, performance, reliability and system lifetime.
3.1 PV Module Installation
PV module installation refers to the following:
(a) If more than one module is used, identical models shall be used and they shall be connected in
parallel.
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(b) For SHS installed permanently on a structure (in contrast with portable units):
i. The modules must ensure waterproof sealing for the solar cells. Modules must be framed in
such a way as to allow secure connection to the module mounting structure.
ii. The mounting structure will hold the photovoltaic module(s). The module(s) must be
mounted on a support structure made of corrosion resistant material that assures stable and
secure attachment.
iii. The PV array and support structure must be able to withstand wind gusts up to 160 km/hour
without damage.
iv. The structure must be mounted at a fixed angle and oriented to maximize the useful energy
supplied to the user over the year (for Bangladesh, the panel should be facing south with a
tilt angle of around 23 degrees with the horizon).
v. The structure will incorporate corrosion resistant hardware for all external connections.
vi. The modules can be roof or ground-mounted: In case of Roof-mounted modules, minimum
clearance between the PV module and the roofing material must be at least 20 cm. For
pole mounted modules it is recommended that the module mounting structure be supported
on top of a pole of at least 5m height. The mounting structure must be anchored to the
building and not to the roofing material. For ground-mounted modules, a metal, concrete
or treated wood pole must be used with the modules to be placed at the top of the pole.
The modules must be at least 4 meters off the ground and the pole must be anchored in
concrete or tightly packed soil at least one meter deep in the ground. The pole and
mounting structure must be sufficiently rigid to prevent twisting by the wind or if large
birds alight on the module.
The panel should be mounted clear of vegetation, trees and structure so as to assure that they are free of
shadow throughout day light hours during each season of the year. Furthermore, if more than one panel is
mounted on a support structure the panels should not be mounted such that one panel will not shade the
other module(s).
3.2 Circuit Protection and Charge Controls
Circuit protection and charge controls include the following:
(a) Systems must include a mean to protect users and system components from the following:
i. Battery overcharge and excessive water loss.
ii. Battery undercharge and excessive discharge.
iii. Circuit protection against short circuit of any load.
iv. Circuit protection against reverse polarity of module or battery.
v. Circuit protection against internal shorts in charge controller, inverter or other devices.
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vi. Circuit protection against damage by the high PV open circuit voltage when it is connected
to the controller without battery.
vii. Night time discharge of the battery due to reverse current through the module.
(b) Systems will provide appropriate protection by a charge controller incorporating a high voltage
disconnect (HVD), low voltage disconnect (LVD) and circuit protection.
3.3 System Monitoring
System monitoring includes the following:
(a) A display to indicate when the battery is in the charging mode must be provided.
(b) This device must, at a minimum, indicate when the battery condition is:
i. Suitable to operate loads
ii. Energy conservation required
(c) The chosen device must come appropriately labeled such that the user does not have to refer to
a manual to understand the existing battery condition.
3.4 Batteries
Recommended practices for batteries include the following:
(a) Batteries should be selected to offer at least five years of useful life.
(b) The batteries can be supplied in a dry-charged condition and all chemicals and electrolyte must
be supplied in accordance with battery supplier specifications. The battery and associated
containers should be packaged to handle transport down rough roads.
3.5 Equipment Enclosure
With regard to equipment enclosure, recommended practices comprise the following:
(a) The batteries and charge controller should be kept in properly designed protective enclosures.
(b) The batteries must be housed in a vented compartment. All parts of the compartment subject
to battery acid contact must be acid resistant. This compartment must be built strong enough to
accommodate the weight of the battery. Access to the battery compartment by children must
be prevented.
3.6 Wiring
Wiring practices include the following:
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(a) Stranded and flexible insulated copper wiring must be used. Sample of wires for the sub circuits
are as follows:
• From PV module to Charge Controller
: 2.5 sq. mm/1.5 sq. mm
• From Charge Controller to battery
: 4.0 sq. mm
• From Charge Controller to Socket Out-let : 4.0 sq. mm
• From Charge Controller to all other loads
: 1.5 sq. mm.
(b) All wiring must be sized to keep line voltage losses to less than 3% including each sub-circuit
and to allow the circuit to operate within the rating of the wire. It is to be noted that cables used
for wiring must have three years of warranty. The cables should be approved by the technical
standards committee (TSC) of IDCOL. The submitted test report from enlisted testing facilities
must have insulation and resistance test results.
(c) For SHS permanently installed on a structure, all exposed wiring (with the possible exception
of the module interconnects) must be in conduits or be firmly fastened to the building structure.
Wiring through roofing, walls and other structures must be protected through the use of
bushings. Wiring through roofing must form a waterproof seal.
(d) Field-installed wiring must be joined using terminal strips or screw connectors. Soldering or
crimping in the field must be avoided if at all possible. Wire knots are not allowed. The rated
current carrying capacity of the joint must not be less than the circuit current rating. All
connections must be made in junction boxes. Fittings for lights, switches, and socket outlets
may be used as junction boxes where practical.
3.7 Documentation
The component specifications should be summarized by the interested supplier in the form attached in
Annex-2 - Solar Home System Specification Data Sheet along with the required test certificates. Any
exceptions and variations to the specifications must be explicitly stated in a section entitled Exceptions and
Variations in Annex-2. The scope and reasons for each listed exception and variation must be fully
explained with supporting data.
4. Users Manual
The solar home system (SHS) supplier must provide a User’s Manual intended for the customers and will
be included with each of the packaged systems. The manual must be in Bangla. The User’s Manual
documentation should be simple and easy to understand. Sketches or graphics should be used to make the
manual easy to understand. The documentation is to include the following:
(a) How the SHS works: battery charging by the array, functions, battery low voltage protection,
and battery overcharge protection. The relationship between energy available on a daily basis
and sunlight conditions should be clearly and simply explained.
(b) A description of all user interactive hardware including disconnect switches and status
indicators.
(c) Procedures for proper system operation, including a list of load limitations and any problem
loads. These procedures should include suggested operation, including load conservation
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during periods of inclement weather, and/or a low voltage disconnect event. The adverse effect
of panel shading and the importance of preventing it must be explained.
(d) Any user maintenance items.
(e) Emergency shut down procedures and recommendations for extended periods of system nonuse.
(f) A user trouble-shooting guide.
(g) A block diagram showing the main components.
5. Technicians/Technical Manual
The supplier must provide a Technician’s Installation, Operations and Maintenance Manual to be used by
the service technicians. The manual must be in Bangla. The manual will include the specific details on
installation, operation and maintenance, such as:
(a) A detailed technical description of the system.
(b) A complete copy of the Users Manual.
(c) A complete list of all system components, with associated manufacturers literature,
specifications, and warranties.
(d) Complete installation instructions.
(e) Recommended post-installation acceptance test procedures, including all appropriate set points
and test procedures. They will include:
i. Verification of the installation of the photovoltaic array with regard to position, direction,
inclination and shading avoidance to maximize energy generation.
ii. Test all of the loads for proper operation.
iii. Make system-wide voltage drop measurements in the sub-circuits to verify that connections
meet the required maximum allowable voltage drop.
iv. Note all measurements in the installation log.
v. Explain to the user the system operating principles, load management requirements, impact of
shading of the array and how to check and avoid it, user maintenance checks and how to
conduct them.
(f) A recommended annual maintenance schedule, with complete maintenance instructions.
(g) A functional block diagram, electrical single-line drawing showing the placement of all
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hardware and ratings of all component and physical layout diagram.
(h) Emergency shut down procedures.
6. Packaging and Delivery
6.1 The SHS supplier/PO must obtain the PV system equipment and components, assemble and wire them
into integrated packaged SHS in accordance with the proposed design, and deliver the packaged
SHS to the user.
6.2 Each system must be packaged to prevent any shipping related damage. The supplier/PO will be
responsible for settling any shipping related damaged claims and will be responsible for replacing
damaged systems in a timely manner.
7. Maintenance
The supplier/PO must have the manpower and technical capability to trouble shoot and maintain the systems
installed.
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Annex-1
Solar Home Systems Component Specifications
1. General
1.1 The supplier will provide at a minimum of six-month warranty against manufacturers’ defects on
all system-integrated parts and labor excluding fuses or end-use devices such as luminaries or
lamps. On all major individual components, manufacturers’ warranties will be passed through
to the user for IDCOL. Specifically, the PV modules should be warranted for at least twenty (20)
years and must not experience more than 20 percent of rated capacity reduction in output over
its lifetime. The charge controller, switches-socket and other accessories-appliances should be
warranted for at least three years. The pole mount module supporting structure set with fitting
and fixture should be warranted for 10 years. The battery should be warranted for at least five
(5) years. Battery end-of-life will be determined when the battery capacity down to 1.75 V/cell
at 25o C drops to less than 80 percent of the initial rated capacity. All warranties become
effective from the day the system is accepted by the user for IDCOL. POs will prepare one
invoice for all the equipment sold to the customer and make two copies of that invoice; one to
share with customer and another to preserve for their own office use.
1.2
1.3
1.4.
Nominal system voltage (rated voltage) shall be 12 Vdc.
The main components should be integrated in such a way as to allow replacement (in case
of failure) with a similarly functioning component of a newer design or a different brand. This
will allow for future component evolution or variability of future component availability.
Each of the approved models of the components like solar panel, battery, charge controller,
connecting wires/cables, lamps and LEDs with their inverters/controller circuits should be
tested from IDCOL approved testing agencies every year (as per IDCOL schedule).
All components, including spares, will undergo full bench testing at the supplier factory or the originating
source factory with proper documentation supplied. All electrical settings (voltages, current, etc.) will be
verified and documented with the results dated and the records maintained at the suppliers facility.
2. Operating Environment
2.1 PV module should be able to withstand under the climate conditions stated below:Particular
Description
Climate
Tropical, intense sunshine, heavy rain
Maximum Temperature
45oC
Average isokeraunic level
80 days/yr
Relative Humidity
>90%
Average annual rainfall
3000 mm
Maximum wind velocity
160 km/ hour
Altitude
As per site
Atmospherical, Mechanical and chemical Moderately polluted
impurities
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Hail storm (Hail size)
25 mm
2.2 All wiring, enclosures, and fixtures that are mounted indoors must be resistant to high humidity
conditions, corrosion, insect, salinity and dust intrusion.
3. Photovoltaic Module
The following are applicable standards for PV modules:
• International Electrotechnical Committee (IEC) 61215: Crystalline Silicon Terrestrial PV
Modules Design Qualification and Type Approval
• IEC 61646: Thin Film Silicon Terrestrial PV Modules Design Qualification and Type Approval
IEC 60904-1: Photovoltaic Devices Part 1 Measurement of PV Current-Voltage
Characteristics
• IEEE 1262: Recommended Practice for Qualification of Photovoltaic Modules
• PV GAP Recommended Standards are preferred.
3.1 The photovoltaic array will consist of one or more flat-plate photovoltaic modules. Each module
should comprise of no less than 36 series-connected single or poly-crystalline silicon solar cells.
Flat plate thin-film modules could also be used.
3.2 The photovoltaic module should have a peak power output of at least 30 Wp.
3.3 All modules must be product tested and certified.
3.4 Each module must be factory equipped with weatherproof junction box with terminal strip that
allows safe and long lasting wiring connection to the module. Where applicable, protective diodes
should be used to avoid the effect of partial shading.
3.5 Each module must be labeled indicating at a minimum: Manufacturer, Model Number, Serial
Number, Peak Watt Rating, Voltage and Current at peak power, Open Circuit Voltage and Short
Circuit Current of each module.
3.6 Every year each model of PV module should be tested locally. Notable that, this will only be
applicable when testing facility exists in Bangladesh and the testing authority is approved by
IDCOL.
Warranty:
A. Two (2) Year Limited PV Module Warranty
PV Modules(s) should be warranted to be free from the defects and/or failures specified below for a period
not exceeding two (2) years from the date of sale to the original customer:
1) defects and /or failures due to manufacturing;
2) defects and/or failures due to materials;
3) cracking of the front glass surface due to foreign objects inside the glass; or
4) non-conformity with specifications due to faulty manufacturing and/or inspection processes.
If the PV Module(s) fails to conform to this warranty, PV module(s) should be immediately replaced.
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B. Limited Power Output Warranty
Any power loss is due solely to defects in materials or workmanship; IDCOL demands the warranty of the
power output of each type of PV Modules(s) as follows:
20 years (90% / 80%)
IDCOL demands that if, (a) within the first ten (10) years from the date of sale to the Customer, the PV
Modules(s) exhibits a power output of less than ninety percent (90%) of the original minimum rated power
specified at the time of sale, or (b) within twenty (20) years from the date of less than eighty percent (80%)
of the original minimum rated power specified at the time of sale, manufacturer will repair, fix ( by putting
additional panel) or replace the PV Modules(s) at their own cost or refund the Purchase Price taking into
account a yearly depreciation of five percent (5%) of the panel price. In case of the refund of the depreciated
price of the panel, the panel will remain with the user and company will not take it from him/her. The period
of power output warranty for these replaced modules(s) will be equal to the remaining warranty period of
the originally supplied module(s). Notably, respective POs will be responsible to arrange all the warranty
services from the respective suppliers.
4. Battery Storage
4.1 a) The battery should be 12V block, rechargeable flooded lead-acid battery (Lead-antimony grid),
heavy duty plate construction, deep-cycle, tubular positive plate should include explosion-proof
safety vent, carrying handle. The positive plate must be of tubular type.
4.1 b) Any other type of battery could be accepted if the manufacturer agrees to provide 5 years of
warranty and complies with other issues.
4.2 The maximum permissible self-discharge rate is 5 percent of rated capacity per month at 25oC .
4.3 Cycle life of the battery (i.e., before its residual life drops below 80 percent of the rated AH
capacity), at 25 degree C must exceed 1500 cycles when discharged down to an average depth of
discharge (DOD) of 70 percent at the discharge rate of 10 hours.
4.4 The inter-cell connection should not be exposed.
4.5 Size of the battery in AH should not be more than 1.5 times of panel size in Watt peak i.e. for 50wp
panel battery size should not be more than 75Ah.
Warranty:
Battery capacity will not be less than 80 percent of the rated capacity over the period for five (5) years
for battery capacity above 25 Ah. For battery capacity of 25 Ah and below, the warranty should be
three (3) years that the battery capacity will not be less than 80 percent of the rated over the warranted
period. In case of failure of the battery before the warranty period, the battery should be replaced.
5. Charge Controller & Energy Metering
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5.1 Charge controller
5.1.1. The charge controller set points must be factory preset with the set points applicable to the
specified battery characteristics. Charge Controllers should be dust and termite proof.
5.1.2. The charge controller input current rating has to be greater than 120% of the module's rated short
circuit current.
5.1.3. Maximum current draw of the controller, when no LED’s are lit should not exceed 20 mA and
50 mA with LED.
5.1.4. The model number, serial number, rated voltages and currents, and set points should be printed
on the visible side of the charge controller casing.
5.1.5. Battery, high voltage disconnect 14.3±0.2 volts (for lead acid batteries), or as specified by the
manufacturer. Charge controller specifications must include the type of the battery to be used
with it.
5.1.6. Reverse current leakage protection is recommended. Blocking diodes or logic-derived methods
are both acceptable. If blocking diodes are used, they must exhibit a low forward voltage drop.
5.1.7. The SHS must be protected against damage caused by short circuit at panel terminals and load
terminals when battery is connected to the charge controller, and reverse polarity of battery or
panel connections. Over-current protection must be provided. Lightning induced surge
protection is recommended.
5.1.8. Some means must be provided to safely disconnect the battery and the module during servicing
or repair by a technician.
5.1.9. The load must be controlled by a low voltage disconnect (LVD) device. The LVD must be
capable of handling at least 150 percent of the maximum expected continuous load (e.g.,
assuming all end use devices are simultaneously on). It should be factory preset to disconnect
and reconnect voltages corresponding to the safe operation of the battery under ambient
temperature conditions. For example, for a lead acid battery, a disconnect voltage of 11.6 Vdc
+/- 0.1 Vdc and reconnect voltage of 12.6 Vdc +/- 0.2 Vdc is required.
5.1.10 Each charge controller should be capable of handling at least 120 percent of the rated current at
PV, battery and load terminals for at least for 1 hour without being damaged. Overload of Charge
Controller will be the actual current that exceeds 120% of the rated current.
5.1.11 Charge Controller should be capable of withstanding 25V at PV terminal when battery and load
is disconnected.
5.1.12 The technical specification of the charge controller must mention the input voltage range (PV
panel side), input current (PV panel side), battery nominal voltage, LVD and HVD, rated output
current (load side).
5.1.13 The panel must have reverse polarity protection, output short circuit and over load protection.
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5.1.14 Efficiency of the charge controller should be at least 90%.
Warranty:
Charge controller or energy meter should be replaced in case of any performance deviation from the
specifications mentioned above over the period of 3 years.
5.2 Energy metering:
Energy metering will be mandatory for 2% of the systems. Each of the POs must keep a track of their
installed systems and use energy meters on 2% of their system installed. DC energy meters, either to be
connected separately or built within the charge controller have to be used. The energy meters should have
non-volatile memory so that the data does not get erased incase of disconnection from the power source.
Both input (on the panel side) and output energy (on the load side) needs to be metered. Accuracy of the
energy meters should be such that inaccuracy in the readings should be less than 2%.
Warranty:
Energy meter should be replaced in case of any performance deviation from the specifications mentioned
above over the period of 3 years.
6. Fluorescent Lamp Set
Each fluorescent luminary should have its own inverter (ballast).
6.1. The lamps should have the luminous efficacy of at least 45 lumen/watt over a voltage range 11.4V
to 14.4V.
6.2. The inverter electrical efficiency must be greater than 80 percent from 11.4 to 14.4 V when using
the fluorescent lamp specified by the supplier.
6.3. The minimum supply/operating voltage when the tube will strike (start) should be at 11.0V
6.4. Maximum continuous (tested for 1 hour without interruption) operating voltage without damage to
the inverter circuit must be at least 15V.
6.5. The minimum operating frequency should be 20 kHz.
6.6. The electrical waveform at the fluorescent lamp terminals must be symmetrical (the rms and
average value for each half cycles should not vary by more than 15% measured at 12 V DC,
taking rms value as the base).
6.7. The voltage crest factor (ratio of peak to RMS voltage of the waveform applied to the fluorescent
lamp) must be less than 2.0.
6.8. The input connections to the inverter should prevent the application of voltage with reverse
polarity, or the inverter should be protected against damage when the rated voltage is applied
with reverse polarity.
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6.9. Inverter or the luminary must be marked with the manufacturer model number; rated voltage,
wattage and date of manufacture or batch number.
Warranty:
Warranty for a fluorescent lamp will be 1 year.
7. LED Lamp/ Lantern (fixed/movable)
7.1. Minimum power (w) of LED lamp/Lantern should be 1 watt.
7.2. Minimum lumen output of LED Lamp/lantern should be 55 lumen/watt.
7.3. LED should provide minimum 80% of the initial lumen output after 3 years (or 5000 hours
considering the lower value of usage).
7.4. Color of LED light must be white.
7.5. Number of LED cluster in each lamp/lantern should not be more than 12 LEDs/watt. This issue
can be ignored in certain cases.
7.6. Movable lamp/lantern should have built-in rechargeable storage battery of appropriate capacity.
Minimum size of the battery will be 1.5 Ah per wattage of LED lantern.
7.7 Over the input voltage range of 11.6-14.4 V, input power of the LEDs must not vary by more than
15% of the rated power.
** Fixed LED lamp/lantern should not be placed at a height more 8 feet from the ground.
7.8 Temperature of the heat sink of the driver circuit of the LED luminaries should be tested and
at still air condition, increase in temperature of the heat sink should not be more than 20 Degree
Celsius after one hour operation.
Warranty:
Warranty for an LED should be 3 years.
8. DC to DC Converter
8.1. The rated input voltage will be determined by the proposed system (like 12V, 24V or 48V etc.)
and the rated output voltage should be maintained within the range of 110V-240V.
8.2. The tolerance of the rated output voltage should be +-5% and must not be lower than 110Volt
or higher than 240V.
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8.3. The Efficiency of the Converter at rated input voltage and rated load should be 90% or higher
at the ambient temperature condition.
8.4.Self-consumption of the DC-DC converter should be measured in no load condition at
the rated input voltage and should not exceed 25 mA.
8.5.The DC-DC converter must be able to withstand 50% higher voltage (rated voltage)
at the battery terminals.
If the DC-DC converter has built in charge controller:
8.6. The charging side of the converter must follow the LV and HV disconnect and reconnect
voltage range and other specifications of charge controller as per IDCOL specifications. (As
for example, if the battery voltage is 24 or 48 V, all the LV and HV disconnect or reconnect
voltages will be 2 or 4 times respectively corresponding to 12V system).
8.7. On the panel side it should operate within 10% of Maximum Power Point (VMPP to 0.9 VMPP)
8.8. The battery charging efficiency at the rated power of the panel should be equal or more than
90%.
8.9. On the panel side, the Charge Controller must be able to withstand a voltage 20% higher than
the open circuit voltage (VOC) of Panel.
Warranty:
Warranty for a DC to DC Converter should be 3 years.
9. Socket Outlet
A 12 Vdc socket outlet for a radio/cassette player, TV or similar appliance must be rated to carry the
maximum expected DC current. The outlet must be protected from reversing the polarity of the voltage
applied to the appliance.
10. General principle for acceptability of a tested component
Any SHS system will have system components like panels, batteries, charge controllers/DC-DC converter
and load components (used by the owner) like lamp, TV, mobile charger etc., it is a common observation
that all the components, when tested, show some degree of deviation from the rated value mentioned in the
specification of the component. Given below, are the guide lines regarding the acceptability for such
components.
In case of system components, individual specifications are to be mentioned and the rating mentioned in
the specification will have to be met quite precisely as the bare minimum. However, a value higher by 15%
will be considered acceptable (except for panel, for panel value higher than by 15% of the rated can be
considered). As for example, a 50Ah battery should show average capacity of minimum 50Ah. Up to 15%
higher value from the rated specification will be acceptable i.e., a 50Ah battery will be acceptable if the
average capacity over charging and discharging is up to 57.5Ah. This will be the upper limit for acceptance
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and higher than 57.5Ah will not be acceptable. Similar will be the case with all the system components as
they may have adverse effect on the designed values of the system component.
In case of the load components, the load must provide the minimum output as specified by the IDCOL
standard. For example, a 4W CFL must produce 4x45 = 180 lumen. If a 4W CFL, when tested consumes
3.5W but has a good luminous efficacy to produce more than 180 lumens, it will be considered acceptable.
But a load component must not consume power more than 110% of the rated value, irrespective of its actual
output.
Annex-2
Solar Home System (SHS) Specification Sheet
Photovoltaic Module(s)
(a) Model number_______________________________________________________________________
(b) Type (a-Si, Mono/Poly Crystalline Si, etc.)________________________________________________
(c) Number of cells in series_______________________________________________________________
(d) Open circuit voltage (Voc)__________________________________________________________V
(e) Short circuit current (Isc)_____________________________________________________________A
(f) Rated peak power (Pmax) __________________________Wp at STC, (Standard Testing Conditions)
(g) V max____________________________________________________________________________V
(h) I max_____________________________________________________________________________I
(i) NOCT (Nominal Operating Cell Temperature)
_____________________________________deg C
• Short Circuit Current Temp. Co efficient ________________________________________mA/ oC
• Open Circuit Voltage Temp. Co efficient ________________________________________mA/ oC
• Frame: The laminate should be fitted with a corrosion and torsion resistant anodised aluminium frame with
extremely high mechanical stability and convenient mounting access.
• JUNCTION Box: Weatherproof, suitable cable entry inlets/outlets, external grounding screw, +ve and -ve
terminal mark, UL/IEC certification.
(j) Test certification standard______________________________________________________________
(k) Test laboratory______________________________________________________________________
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(Please attach I-V Curve and copy of test certificates, if not supplied already.)
Support Structure
(a) Type______________________________________________________________________(roof/pole)
(b) Wind velocity withstand capacity __________________________________________________ km/h
(c) Material____________________________________________________________________________
Battery Storage
(a) Model number_______________________________________________________________________
(b) Nominal voltage ___________________________________________________________________V
• Battery low voltage _____________________________________________________________V
• Battery Gassing Voltage _________________________________________________________V
• Max. Charging Current (Continuous) _______________________________________________A
• Max. Discharging Current (Continuous) _____________________________________________A
(c) Structure and material of positive plate ___________________________________________________
(i) Positive plate thickness _____________________________________________________mm
(ii) Negative plate thickness ____________________________________________________mm
(d) Capacity per battery at C/10 down to 1.75/cell ___________________________________________Ah
(e) Self discharge rate ___________________________________________________________(%/month)
(f) Cycle life down to 75 percent of DOD ___________________________________________________
(g) Electrolyte volume _______________________________________________________________litres
(h) Certified to standard ______________________________________________ : ___________(Yes/No)
(Please attach I-V Curve, Temp. Effect on Battery and copy of test certificates, if not supplied already.)
Charge Regulator and Load Control
(a) Model number ______________________________________________________________________
(b) Rated voltage ______________________________________________________________________V
(c) High voltage disconnect
(i) Voltage regulation set point (Vr) ____________________________________________________
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(ii) Reconnect voltage (Vrr) ___________________________________________________________
(d) Charging indicator? ___________________________________________________________(Yes/No)
• Battery Status___________________________________________________________
• Charging Status __________________________________________________________
• System Connection status ___________________________________________________
• Other (specify) __________________________________________________________________
(e) Maximum current handling capacity ___________________________________________________A
(f) Type of current leakage protection ______________________________________________________
(g) Voltage drop between module and battery terminals at controller/regulator _____________________V
(h) Temperature compensation? ____________________________________________________(Yes/No)
(i) LVD maximum current handling capacity _______________________________________________A
(j) LVD set points
(i) Disconnect voltage ______________________________________________________________V
(ii) Reconnect voltage ______________________________________________________________V
(k) Current draw with and without LEDs ________________________, mA _____________________mA
(l) Short circuit protection? _______________________________________________________(Yes/No)
(m) Reverse polarity protection? ____________________________________________________(Yes/No)
(n) Electronic over current protection ________________________________________________(Yes/No)
(o) Lightening surge protection? ____________________________________________________(Yes/No)
(Please copy of test certificates, if not supplied already.)
System Monitoring
(a) Battery State-of-Charge indicator? _______________________________________________(Yes/No)
(b) Type of indicator ____________________________________________________________________
(c) Indicator settings
(i) Fully charged suitable to use ______________________________________________________V
(ii) Energy conservation _____________________________________________________________V
(iii) Other (explain) __________________________________________________________________
Equipment Enclosure
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(a) Type of battery enclosure
• Material ________________________________________________________________________
(b) Type of controller housing _____________________________________________________________
• Material ________________________________________________________________________
(c) Protection method against battery acid/fumes etc. ___________________________________________
Wiring
(a) Wire material type ___________________________________________________________________
Wire cross-sections
(b) PV module to controller ___________________________________________________________mm 2
• Voltage loss factor ____________________________________________________volt/amp/foot
• Insulation type ___________________________________________________________________
(c) Controller to battery ______________________________________________________________mm 2
• Voltage loss factor ____________________________________________________volt/amp/foot
• Insulation type ___________________________________________________________________
(d) Controller to loads_______________________________________________________________ mm 2
• Voltage loss factor ____________________________________________________volt/amp/foot
• Insulation type ___________________________________________________________________
Lengths of wired supplied? _______________________________________________________________
Lighting Fixtures
(a) Number of fixtures ___________________________________________________________________
(b) Number of fluorescent (CFL/TFL) lights _________________________________________________
For fluorescent lights:
(c) Model number(s) ____________________________________________________________________
(d) Wattage(s) _______________________________________________________________________W
(e) Lumen output(s) ___________________________________________________________________L
(f) Luminous efficacy _______________________________________________________________L/W
(g) Minimum striking voltage ____________________________________________________________V
(h) Maximum continuous operating voltage _________________________________________________V
(i) Operating frequency _____________________________________________________________kHz
(j) Electrical waveform voltage symmetry ___________________________________________________
(k) Maximum crest factor ________________________________________________________________
(l) Open circuit voltage protection? _________________________________________________(Yes/No)
(Please attach copy of test certificates, if not supplied already.)
Socket Outlet
(a) 12 Vdc socket outlet? _________________________________________________________(Yes/No)
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(b) Reverse polarity protection? ____________________________________________________(Yes/No)
(c) 6 and/or 9 V outlet? ___________________________________________________________(Yes/No)
Other Components/Features
(a) ___________________________________________________________________________________
(b) ___________________________________________________________________________________
(c) ___________________________________________________________________________________
(d) ___________________________________________________________________________________
(e) ___________________________________________________________________________________
Exceptions and Variations to the Specifications Taken and Explanations
(a) ___________________________________________________________________________________
(b) ___________________________________________________________________________________
(c) ___________________________________________________________________________________
(d) ___________________________________________________________________________________
(e) ___________________________________________________________________________________
Annex-3
Terms of Reference
Introduction
International Development Association and Global Environment Facility (GEF) funded Rural
Electrification and Renewable Energy Development (RERED) Project combines rural electrification and
business development. It encompasses the installation of around 64,000 Solar Home Systems (SHSs) in
various modes of use through a number of agents.
The program will be implemented and coordinated by REB and IDCOL and will be executed by selected
Palli Bidyut Samitis (PBSs), Microfinance Institutions (MFIs)/Non-government Organizations (NGOs),
and other private entities.
To determine the technical standards for solar photovoltaic (PV) panels and other hardware equipment
under the REREDP, a Technical Standards Committee (TSC) is to be formed. The Committee comprises
representatives from Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET), Local Government
Engineering Department (LGED), REB, and IDCOL (the list of TSC members is shown in Annex-4).
Objectives
The main objectives of this TSC are:
• Prepare technical specifications for the SHS and renewable energy equipment;
• Set up a database of technical information of products (systems and components) that qualify for the
program;
• Assist manufacturers and suppliers to participate in the program;
• Assist local actors (NGOs, REB) in qualification of manufacturers and suppliers;
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• Develop and execute regular sample quality checks on systems installed;
• Keep track of technological and product developments, at least over the period of 4 to 5 years in which
the program is expected to actively purchase products
• Operate on a rather intensive basis during the Phase 1 of the program (February - October 2002), in which
all procedures for procurement will be put in place, including the qualification of suppliers and their
product ranges and during which the first systems will be purchased.
• Convene on an extensive basis during Phase 2 (October 2002 – October 2008) on the basis of 'if-andwhen required'; execute periodical sample tests on newly purchased systems as well as post-installation
monitoring.
Annex-4
TSC Members
1.
Dr. M. Rezwan Khan
Vice Chancellor, United International University (UIU)
Chairman, TSC
2.
Mr. S. M. Zafar Sadeque
Member, TSC
Director, Renewable Energy, Rural Electrification Board
(REB)
3.
Mr. Partha Pradip Sarkar
Member, TSC
Project Manager, Local Government Engineering
Department (LGED)
4.
Mr. Md. Abdur Rouf Miah
Director, Sustainable Energy, Power Cell
Member, TSC
5.
Dr.Saiful Huque
Professor, University of Dhaka.
Member, TSC
6.
Dr. Mohammad Jahangir Alam
Member, TSC
Professor, Bangladesh University of Engineering &
Technology (BUET)
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