User Manual - Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl

User Manual - Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
The Electronic Program Guide is one of
the basic functions most useful to enrich
the transmission of audio and video for a
digital broadcaster
EPG
14:00
Electronic Program Guide
16:00
EPG: Electronic Program Guide
User manual
EPG User Manual
1/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
Index
Table of Contents
EPG: Electronic Program Guide..........................................................................................................1
Index................................................................................................................................................2
Revisions:.........................................................................................................................................3
Introduction..........................................................................................................................................4
Objectives.............................................................................................................................................6
System features.....................................................................................................................................7
System usage........................................................................................................................................7
Calendar definition..........................................................................................................................7
Users and rights...............................................................................................................................8
Log In...............................................................................................................................................9
System access and browsing..........................................................................................................10
Object Event...................................................................................................................................11
Navigation Bar...............................................................................................................................12
Week view......................................................................................................................................12
Day View.......................................................................................................................................14
Month view....................................................................................................................................15
Generation of an event...................................................................................................................16
Service management......................................................................................................................18
Portal administration......................................................................................................................19
Event search...................................................................................................................................20
Configure ONID TSID and SID....................................................................................................21
Remove a calendar ........................................................................................................................21
Add a calendar ..............................................................................................................................22
Database backup and restore..........................................................................................................23
How to verify settings and tables...................................................................................................23
Appendix A: Optional extensions.......................................................................................................26
EPG multiplexing of services imported from other DVB TS........................................................26
Automatic insertion of events........................................................................................................26
Export to HTML pages..................................................................................................................26
Export to teletext............................................................................................................................27
Export to MHP application............................................................................................................28
Appendix B: EIT Generation internals...............................................................................................29
PHP acces to the DB......................................................................................................................30
EPG User Manual
2/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
Revisions:
Author:
Revision:
Date:
Notes:
Lorenzo Pallara
1.4E
02.03.2011
English version, new index
Thomas Pavani
1.4
01.03.2011
Update images
Thomas Pavani
1.3
21.02.2011
Update images
Andrea Venturi
1.2
21.02.2011
Release
Thomas Pavani
01.00.00
01.02.2011
First version
EPG User Manual
3/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
Introduction
The Electronic Program Guide is one the basic function most useful over audio and video for a
digital television operator. EPG sends to the decoders information on the events currently on air and
on the following one already scheduled; information not only about the currently showing service
but also about all the others present in the multiplex.
In the following image it is shown how the information sent through EPG are a valid hint to support
choice to watch an event or another.
The firsts images show how information relative to the event present-following help the watcher to
understand what is on-air and how to get more information about the event.
On the other side Fig. 3 shows how the missing of such information leaves the watcher puzzled
about what is on-air.
Figure 1: Example of an event with EPG information present-following
EPG User Manual
4/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
Figure 2: Example of detailed event information
Figure 3: Event without EPG information
EPG can also send information regarding also future events not only current and following. Most of
the decoder and TV with digital receivers are able to parse the data and show a complete guide on
the events broadcast in the next days: Fig. 4 shows such an example
EPG User Manual
5/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
Figure 4: Example of guide with scheduled events
Objectives
The manual is meant for the operational of the Graphics User Interface of data entry of events in the
server.
Operators working on the GUI directly are recognized in 4 roles:
1.
2.
3.
4.
System integrator of the platform in the multiplexer
System administrator creating the services
Data entry operator (each event at its scheduled time)
Monitoring operator overlooking correct functioning
The manual is meant for the last three roles using the system on daily base. The typical routine
regards data entry and modification of events and their schedules as the change of the services
configured on the multiplexer should be considered a unique and rare event.
EPG User Manual
6/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
System features
Avalpa EPG configuration system is based on a database (typically on a mysql) that is populated
through a PHP application running on Apache server web and implementing a web interface.
This allows configuration on local or remote network in a totally transparent way without any need
to install any software rather than a web browser on the operator's computer.
A software extracts data present on the database to inject them into the playout system based on
OpenCaster that will take care to broadcast them in DVB format.
It is possible also to easily implement integration scripts with third parties platform to inject and
extract data.
Avalpa's EPG is currently at version 1.0 and supports the following functions:
• event description, title and synopsis
• parental control
• present following events
• schedule events up to many days in front
System usage
To connect to the system you will a personal computer with web browser (Firefox, Explore,
Chrome, Opera, ...)
System will ask for credentials and user will have different rights; this information is established at
installation o later but has to be carefully secretly kept.
Without authentication you will be able to access the system as read-only.
Have a look to an EPG creation tool available at this address: http://epg.avalpa.org/cool
Calendar definition
A calendar is a mysql object organized in days, weeks, months and so on. For every calendar is
possible to define the events and their occurrences: when the the event goes on air. Every calendar
should be bound at least to a service defined by the triplet ONID-TSID-SID as specified by DVB,
however the presence of different services sharing the same audio and video make possible the
these services share the same calendar so a calendar can be related to more than one service.
A calendar is defined by the following fields:
cid – unique calendar id
calendar_title
week_start
subject_max
timezone
EPG User Manual
7/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
“Event” definition
The data is memorized into the database with the following fields:
cid – unique calendar id to which the event belongs to
eid – unique event id
subject
description
category
country_code
rating
image
for every event there is at least one occurrence, that is when it is going to be aired. An occurrence is
defined as following:
eid – unique event id
oid – unique occurrence id
start (time stamp UTC)
end (time stamp UTC)
The same event can be aired more than once with different star-end time.
For example the event News can be aired more than once per day every day so it is possible to
define a single event News with its own field like description, type, image and so on and multiply
the number of occurrences bound to the event. All the occurrences will have the same eid referring
News but will have unique oid. Every occurrence will have also its own start and end time.
Please note that start and end are stored in UTC format, i.e. the number of seconds elapsed sinc
00:00:00 1st of 1970
Users and rights
EPG Avalpa Server allows different roles to access database data, we look at them like 3 groups:
•
public
•
data entry
•
administrator
Rights are increasing from public to administrator, the public roles can visualize data and on some
specific case is allow to add events.
Data entry is the role to access data to add and change information event but is now allow to
change service objects and users.
Administrator has all the rights and can modify, create and delete events, services and others users.
EPG User Manual
8/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
EPG Server is deployed original with a public access limited to two roles with higher privileges:
user: dataentry
password: epg
level → data entry
user: epg
password: epg
level → administrator
It is suggested to change the default password and to create new profile for access with privileges
based on your use case.
Log In
Through this page is possible to access and log-in so to gain rights over public access:
Figure 5: Log-in
EPG User Manual
9/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
System access and browsing
To access the system you need only to open the browser at the address:
http://epg.avalpa.org/cool
You should find an image looking like the following one:
Figure 6: Entrance page
Web interface is the synthesis of EPG status, clean and without decorations to express maximum
information at first glance.
We can quickly identify different information:
• on top there is the title of the service currently selected, default is the first service. In thie
case we have just “Canale 1” that is “Service 1”
• under the service name there is the navigation bar presenting some options like: Add Event,
Search, … that will explain later on.
• third row is where day and time is set, that is currently when you open the page, date and
time are related to tue current date and time
• the main area of the screen is reserved for a table where every row is a service configure in
the multiplexer with its name
• for every service, on its row, we fine the first the event related: present and following
• if the first service is running you should see a progress bar changing color and filling up
From the main page is possible to move to other pages where a number of actions are possible like:
insert, visualize, modify and so on. Most of the actions are carried out with simple graphic
commands.
EPG User Manual
10/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
Object Event
In any moment is possible to get information with more details on a event just passing the mouse
over the event title box, this will open a tool-tip with the detailed informations (Fig. 6 e 8).
A single click on the box with the title event will present a page with even more details and it allows
to modify the information
Figure 7: Visualize details of an event
EPG User Manual
11/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
Navigation Bar
Using the navigation bar in the main page is possible to access other functions of the EPG Server
that allows actions on database data.
Please note that all the actions refers to the service shown as title in the first row.
In brief :
• Add Event: move to the event creation page;
• Search: move to the search event page;
• View Month: move to the month view
• View Week: move to the week view
• Log out: stop using the current permissions and fall back to public access rights
• Service Admin: Service administration page
• Admin: Portal administration page
Every single time page is change the navigation bar is slightly changed: currently show action is
replaced by “View Control Deck” to move back to the main portal.
In the main portal page is possible to change view to a week base view of a service with a click on
the service's name. Please note that the choose service become the selected service so the service
name in the top will be change becoming the selected service and all the actions will refer to it.
Week view
The view shows the event of the selected service on a week base view. There are seven columns one
for each day of the current week; every day shows row by row the event ordered by starting time.
Every column shows only the events started that day, this means events in between two days are
shown only in their starting day.
Note: starting time and end time of an event is in the timezone of the service, the timezone is visible
after the week number. (check Fig. 8 timezone is Europe/Rome).
Some conventions worth mentioning:
– The weeks starts on Monday (this can be change on service base, check Service Managment
).
– The current day has a white background, past days has a grey background and future days
has a light gray background.
– The week number is defined following ISO.8601 standard where the week includes the first
Thursday of the year
EPG User Manual
12/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
Figure 8: Week view of the events
Under the navigation bar there is another bar with all the week of the year starting from 1 to 53
(ISO-8601 year 53th week is in-between end of the year and next).
Inside the column identifying every single day there are two commands:
• the first, identified the day number, moves the the daily base view (check paragraph Day
View)
• the second, identified by a symbol shaped like a +, moves to the interface to generate a new
event( check paragraph “Generation of an event”) where the parameters relative to a date
will be set from the choose day.
EPG User Manual
13/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
Day View
This view shows all the events of a give date, i.e. all the events starting that day.
The date is shown in the view right after the navigation bar.
Events are shown row by row, ordered by increasing starting time.
The table has 3 coloumns:
• Title: has a tick-able box, a link to access to the event modify function (Modify) and the
title text that can be show more information on the event if clicked
• Time: starting time and ending time of the event (always refered to the timezone of the
service)
• Description: the extended description field of the event
Figure 9: Day View
In the last row of the table is present an option that allows with a single click to delete all the
occurrences selected with the boxes on the left most column
EPG User Manual
14/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
Month view
This view shows all the occurences of the events relative to the selected service present in the
choose month
Figure 10: Month view
In a similar way than the week view all the occurences of the events are shown in different boxes,
each of the them for a single day. A click on the number of the day makes possible to move to the
day view of the choose date, it is also possible to browse among months and years using the labels
just under the navigation bar.
EPG User Manual
15/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
Generation of an event
To insert a new event there is a specifi form to help filling up all the necessary information to define
an event and its occurences
Figure 11: Event generation form
The form asks you to insert:
• Subject: title of the event like News or a Movie title;
• Description: event description, usually reports about year,director, actors, plot and so on;
• Parentral Control: the minum age require to watch an event in a chosen country
• Category: lets you define to which Category the events belong to (news, movie,
documentary, …)
The from “When” is more complex and defines the occurrences of the event: some events are
suppose to be aired only once while others will have a period, for example the event News is
repeated every day at every time.
For an event without multiple repetitions the form to fill up is as shown on Fig. 11, where it is
enough to set date and time of start and end of the event.
If you need to broacast an event with repeated occurrences it is necessary to modify the “Repeats”
from Never to one of the possible choices:
• daily
• weekly
EPG User Manual
16/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
•
•
monthly
yearly
This way the form is going to expand and will allow to insert repetition information.
For example if we choose “daily” the form will let you insert a numeric value showing how often
the event is repeated (1=every day, 2=every two days, …) and up to which date the repetion will
occur.
Figure 12: Add repetition occurrences for an event
After the event data entry is completed it can be submit for storage clicking on “Submit Event”, the
event and all the occurrences are saved in the database and will be shown in the different views.
Note 1: all the time and date information refers to the selected service timezone
Note 2: EPG Server gives big freedom to the user to insert information and doesn't prevent events
with times overlap, it is up to the user a correct data entry.
EPG User Manual
17/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
Service management
From this page is possible to change the service features, available fields are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
First day of the week
Reference timezone
Name of the service
Maximum length for events' titless
User grants for public access
User Permissions allows to change grants and rights for every user accessing the database.
Figure 13: Management of service parameters
EPG User Manual
18/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
Portal administration
This page allows to manage generate/modify/delete of services and user profiles.
Figure 14: Administration Panel
EPG User Manual
19/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
Event search
The page allow to search the database for events starting from a string and temporal markers
Figure15: Form for event search
Search is carried out looking for a match from the sentence inserted int the title or in the desciption
fields of the event inside the time range.
For example looking for “Film” will probably give a result like:
Figure 16: Example of search result
More options are available to define sorting of the events in the result set.
EPG User Manual
20/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
Configure ONID TSID and SID
Calendars are memorized in the database and are bound to aired services in a 1 to many way.
If a calendar presents events related to an audio/video stream; that stream can be shared among
different services to manage service numbering without bandwidth lost, a typical example is “The
service will start soon”
To allow this capability the script allows a header where Original Network ID, Transport Stream ID
and Service ID that are the only standard way to identify a service are specified and bound to a
Calendar ID:
# onid of mux
tsid=8572
# tsid of mux
tsid=12345
# list of phpcalendar id
cids="1 2 3 4 5"
sids_1="1001 1010 1011"
sids_2="1101 1201"
sids_3="1301"
sids_4="1401"
sids_5="1701"
#
#
#
#
#
#
cid
1
2
3
4
5
ServiceName
Canale 1
Canale 2
Canale 3
Canale 4
Canale 5
Thie example shows 3 service aired with triplets onid.tsid.sid:
8572.12345.1001, 8572.12345.1010, 8572.12345.1011,
and bound to the single cid=1
The script start-epgnew-v3.sh will extract data for the three service and will query the database for
only the Calendard ID 1, then will generate events starting from sids_1 service list.
First it will generate EIT present-following and the schedule per the three services.
Note: even if you can share audio and video among different services, this is not allow by standard
EIT so the EPG information will linearly growup with the repetition of the same audio-video,
however the bitrate absolute value is still very small.
To modify sid references a calendar it is only necessary to modify the list relative to its CID. For
example to add SID 1252 among CalendarId = 2 you should apply the following change from:
sids_2="1101 1201"
#
2
Canale 2
sids_2="1101 1201 1251"
#
2
Canale 2
to:
and the script will add the “Canale 2” three versions, each with its EIT and different SID
Remove a calendar
If it is necessary to remove a calendar from the database to stop extraction script from building
EPG User Manual
21/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
empty tables it is necessary to change the header of the script. In detail you just need to modify the
list defined in cids. For example if you want to delete Canale 4 (cid=4) you should change this:
# list of phpcalendar id
cids="1 2 3 4 5"
into this:
# list of phpcalendar id
cids="1 2 3 5"
In the following table, where Canale 4 sid are defined, will be ignored and can be removed or not as
you prefer.
Add a calendar
If it is necessary to add a calendar to the database the extraction script needs to change accordingly.
Most of the information is actually in the header and you will need to moify two lines:
in the cids list is necessary to add a new cis (order is not important) For example to add the Canale
Nuovo (cid=8) you need to change this:
# list of phpcalendar id
cids="1 2 3 4 5"
into this:
# list of phpcalendar id
cids="1 2 3 4 5 8"
More over, in the followinig table it necessary to add a new sid list, syntax is:
sids_<cid>=”<sid1> [<sid2> <sid3> …]”
following the example if the Canale Nuovo is broadcast with 2 sid 1801 and 1802, the resulting line
will be:
sids_8="1801 1802"
Final result will look like:
# onid of mux
tsid=8572
# tsid of mux
tsid=12345
# list of phpcalendar id
cids="1 2 3 4 5 8"
sids_1="1001 1010 1011"
sids_2="1101 1201"
sids_3="1301"
sids_4="1401"
#
#
#
#
#
cid
1
2
3
4
EPG User Manual
ServiceName
Canale 1
Canale 2
Canale 3
Canale 4
22/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
sids_5="1701"
sids_8="1801 1802"
#
5
Canale 5
Note: comments follow always the # char, can be added as needed and are not mandatory.
Database backup and restore
To backup the data you can proceed as following:
mysqldump -u calendar -p calendar > dump.sql
Restore process is also a single command line:
mysql
-u calendar -p calendar < dump.sql
Note: restore delete ad adds tables so every changes between a backup and its restore will be lost.
How to verify settings and tables
It is possible to check DVB stream with some simple commands and verify if generated tables and
selected settings are correctly managed.
The first step is to record the DVB stream. A simple command is:
tsasirecord stream.ts -x 20
this will allow to record 20MB of DVB stream
Analysis can be accomplished using dvbsnoop tool, the command is the following:
dvbsnoop -tsraw -s ts -tssubdecode -if
stream.ts 18 > analisi.txt
this will analyze il PID 18, where EPG information is broadcast
Note: it is suggested to redirect ouput on file, like in the exampl, output command can be quite large
and not easy to read.
A typical result is the following:
dvbsnoop V1.4.50 -- http://dvbsnoop.sourceforge.net/
-----------------------------------------------------------TS-Packet: 00000001
PID: (Full TS read), Length: 188 (0x00bc)
from file: stream.ts
-----------------------------------------------------------0000: 47 40 12 14 00 4e b0 5e 03 e9 c3 00 01 01 00 01
[email protected]^........
0010: 00 01 4e 07 22 d8 5d 12 00 00 04 00 00 80 43 4d
..N.".].......CM
0020: 3b 69 74 61 0d 53 68 6f 70 70 69 6e 67 20 74 69
;ita.Shopping ti
0030: 6d 65 29 43 6f 6e 73 69 67 6c 69 20 75 74 69 6c
me)Consigli util
0040: 69 20 70 65 72 20 74 75 74 74 69 20 69 20 74 75
i per tutti i tu
0050: 6f 69 20 61 63 71 75 69 73 74 69 2e 55 04 69 74
oi acquisti.U.it
0060: 61 00 5f f9 c6 d2 ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff
a._.............
0070: ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff
................
0080: ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff
................
0090: ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff
................
EPG User Manual
23/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
00a0:
00b0:
ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff
ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff
ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff
ff ff ff ff
................
............
Sync-Byte 0x47: 71 (0x47)
Transport_error_indicator: 0 (0x00) [= packet ok]
Sync-Byte 0x47: 71 (0x47)
Transport_error_indicator: 0 (0x00) [= packet ok]
Payload_unit_start_indicator: 1 (0x01) [= Packet data starts]
transport_priority: 0 (0x00)
PID: 18 (0x0012) [= DVB Event Information Table (EIT)]
transport_scrambling_control: 0 (0x00) [= No scrambling of TS packet payload]
adaptation_field_control: 1 (0x01) [= no adaptation_field, payload only]
continuity_counter: 4 (0x04) [= (sequence ok)]
Payload: (len: 184)
==> pointer_field: 0 (0x00)
==> Section table: 78 (0x4e) [= Event Information Table (EIT) - actual
transport stream, present/following]
Data-Bytes:
0000: 00 4e b0 5e 03 e9 c3 00 01 01 00 01 00 01 4e 07
.N.^..........N.
0010: 22 d8 5d 12 00 00 04 00 00 80 43 4d 3b 69 74 61
".
].......CM;ita
0020: 0d 53 68 6f 70 70 69 6e 67 20 74 69 6d 65 29 43
.Shopping
time)C
0030: 6f 6e 73 69 67 6c 69 20 75 74 69 6c 69 20 70 65
onsigli
utili pe
0040: 72 20 74 75 74 74 69 20 69 20 74 75 6f 69 20 61
r tutti i
tuoi a
0050: 63 71 75 69 73 74 69 2e 55 04 69 74 61 00 5f f9
cquisti.U.ita._.
0060: c6 d2 ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff
................
0070: ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff
ff
................
0080: ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff
ff
................
0090: ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff
ff
................
00a0: ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff
ff
................
00b0: ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff
==========================================================
ff
ff
ff
ff
ff
ff
........
TS sub-decoding (1 packet(s) stored for PID 0x0012):
=====================================================
TS contains Section...
SI packet (length=97):
PID: 18 (0x0012) [= assigned for: DVB Event Information Table (EIT)]
Guess table from table id...
EIT-decoding....
Table_ID: 78 (0x4e) [= Event Information Table (EIT) - actual transport
EPG User Manual
24/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
stream, present/following]
section_syntax_indicator: 1 (0x01)
reserved_1: 0 (0x00)
reserved_2: 3 (0x03)
Section_length: 94 (0x005e)
Service_ID: 1001 (0x03e9) [= --> refers to PMT program_number]
reserved_3: 3 (0x03)
Version_number: 1 (0x01)
current_next_indicator: 1 (0x01) [= valid now]
Section_number: 0 (0x00)
Last_Section_number: 1 (0x01)
Transport_stream_ID: 256 (0x0100)
Original_network_ID: 256 (0x0100) [= ExpressVu | ExpressVu Inc.]
Segment_last_Section_number: 1 (0x01)
Last_table_id: 78 (0x4e) [= Event Information Table (EIT) - actual
transport stream, present/following]
Event_ID: 1826 (0x0722)
Start_time: 0xd85d120000 [= 2010-07-12 12:00:00 (UTC)]
Duration: 0x0040000 [= 04:00:00 (UTC)]
Running_status: 4 (0x04) [= running]
Free_CA_mode: 0 (0x00) [= unscrambled]
Descriptors_loop_length: 67 (0x43)
DVB-DescriptorTag: 77 (0x4d) [= short_event_descriptor]
descriptor_length: 59 (0x3b)
ISO639_2_language_code: ita
event_name_length: 13 (0x0d)
event_name: "Shopping time" -- Charset: Latin alphabet
text_length: 41 (0x29)
text_char: "Consigli utili per tutti i tuoi acquisti." -Charset: Latin alphabet
…
DVB-DescriptorTag: 85 (0x55) [= parental_rating_descriptor]
descriptor_length: 4 (0x04)
Country_code: ita
Rating: 0 (0x00) [= undefined]
It is possible to verify, among other things, that PID is actually 18 and ONID, TSID and SID are
correctly reported.
It is also possible to verify every single data regarding a single event:
Event_ID: 1826 (0x0722)
Start_time: 0xd85d120000 [= 2010-07-12 12:00:00 (UTC)]
Duration: 0x0040000 [= 04:00:00 (UTC)]
...
event_name: "Shopping time" -- Charset: Latin alphabet
...
text_char: "Consigli utili per tutti i tuoi acquisti." -Charset: Latin alphabet
...
Country_code: ita
Rating: 0 (0x00) [= undefined]
EPG User Manual
25/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
Appendix A: Optional extensions
More options are availables to the basic platform described so far:
EPG multiplexing of services imported from other DVB TS
Digital tv operators often needs to broadcast content coming from others platform like satellite or
iptv
If incoming services already have EIT information it is necessary to reschedule them in the Avalpa
Server. For this purpose a scheduler extension is available
The advanced scheduler collects and re-insert also the tables of re-multiplexed service and can
also modify TSID ONID SID accordingly to the new multiplex.
Automatic insertion of events
Most of the scheduled events are describe with file formats like XML, CSV, XLS, TXT agreed upon
user request and they are automatically inserted into the database and are available later on the web
interface as if the were data inserted manually
Export to HTML pages
Data information of the events aired by the services are automatically exported and always updated
to tables and pages in HTML format useful to insert in the broadcaster web site. A typical example
will look like:
Figure 17: Example of html table generated by the system
EPG User Manual
26/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
Export to teletext
Data information on the events aired by the services are automatically exported and always updated
into elementary stream for DVB teletext.
Figure 18: Example of EPG data inserted into teletext
EPG User Manual
27/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
Export to MHP application
Data information are automatically exported and always updated into an MHP Java application.
MHP decoders will be able to present not only text but also graphics related to the event like: event
logos or movies posters
into elementary stream for DVB teletext.
Figure 19: Example of MHP EPG
EPG User Manual
28/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
Appendix B: EIT Generation internals
PHP scripts take care to extract event data from the DB and EIT table structure is generated for
present-following and scheduled events.
Basic schema is the following:
Data entry on the DB is through web browser and Server Web interface. A timed script periodically
read the DB from a PHP interface and read the necessary information to generate OpenCaster input
for the single EITs. OpenCaster will then generate the output transport stream
EPG User Manual
29/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
PHP access to the DB
The PHP script access the DB with the following call:
phpc2epg-full-v2.php?service=$cid
NOTE: using a web browser is possible to view the script output using the following address:
http://epg.avalpa.org/demo/phpc2epg-full-v3.php?service=$cid
The script access the DB generate a text file in python format with most of the information needed
by OpenCaster to generate the EIT. This information are the structs: event_information_section (
just “section” from now on) referring the calendar identified with $cid. Sections are build with two
subtable:
• actual present-following
• actual schedule
The PHP script finds out all the events with occurrences starting from midnight UTC.
NOTE: the script allows to pass an UTC “timestamp” to choose a different stating time, in this case
the syntax call will be:
phpc2epg-full-v3.php?service=$cid&timestamp=1297072111
EPG User Manual
30/31
Avalpa Digital Engineering Srl
Sede
Via dell'Arcoveggio 49/5
P.IVA e C.F. Registro imprese Bologna 02831521204
I-40129 Bologna
Tel +390514187531 Fax +390514173985
www.avalpa.com [email protected]
The script will then find out the present-following events of the generation of the present-following
EIT table, the table is formed by two sections, one for the present event and one for the following
event.
Standards suggests also that if an event does not exists because of a gap a blank section should be
generated. Following event is generated in the same way.
The next step is the generation of the EIT schedule table. By standard the table manages up to 256
sections divided int 32 segments. Every segment has data to describe 3 hours time span, so 32
segments are 96 hours, i.e. 4 days starting from UTC midnight.
NOTE: the 32 segment is the default value for the PHP script, it is also possible to use smaller
values but still 1 segment will always be 3 hours time span:
phpc2epg-full-v3.php?service=$cid&maxsegment=n
Every segment can use up to eight sections, the number of section of a single section depends on
how much data the event descriptors use. A single section is maximum 4096 byte.
Section numbering by standard is as follow:
segment 0
sections 0-7
segment 1
sections 8-15
segment 2
sections 16-23
..
....
segment 31 sections 248-255
It can happen that events for a 3 hours time stamp don't get enough data so high to fill up all the
sections so it is not necessary for all the sections number to be there, still the maximum will always
be 255 and minimum 0.
EPG User Manual
31/31
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement