Reference Guide
CloudX™ VMware vCloud 5.5
Reference Guide
Rev 1.0
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Mellanox Technologies
Table of Contents
Rev 1.0
Table of Contents
About this Manual ................................................................................................................................. 5
1
Overview .......................................................................................................................................... 7
1.1
1.2
2
Solution Components ............................................................................................................. 7
1.1.1
Hardware Requirements ........................................................................................... 7
1.1.2
Software Components .............................................................................................. 7
1.1.3
Deployment Components ......................................................................................... 7
Setup Diagram ........................................................................................................................ 8
Network Installation ........................................................................................................................ 9
2.1
Networks Allocation ................................................................................................................ 9
2.2
Configuring 1Gbps WAN/Public Switch .................................................................................. 9
2.3
Configuring 40Gbps Switching Fabric (MLAG, VLANs) ......................................................... 9
3
Host Installation and Configuration ............................................................................................ 11
4
vShield Manager Appliance Installation ..................................................................................... 19
5
VXLAN Configuration ................................................................................................................... 22
6
Virtual Tunnel Endpoint IP Configuration .................................................................................. 24
7
vCloud Director Deployment ....................................................................................................... 26
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Table of Contents
List of Tables
Table 1: Related Documents ................................................................................................................... 5
Table 2: Network Allocation Example ...................................................................................................... 9
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CloudX™ VMware vCloud 5.5 Reference Guide
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About this Manual
Mellanox CloudX™ is a group of reference architectures that allows companies to build the
most efficient, high performance and scalable clouds based on Mellanox's superior
interconnect and off-the-shelf building blocks (servers, storage, interconnect, and software).
This document covers CloudX™ reference architecture for the most efficient cloud
infrastructure based on VMware® vCloud solutions while running on Mellanox interconnect
technology.
Audience
This document is intended for cloud, virtualization and network architects who are interested
in deploying VMware based cloud solutions using Mellanox up to 56GbE NIC and switch
products.
Document Conventions
The following lists conventions used in this document.
NOTE: Identifies important information that contains helpful suggestions.
CAUTION: Alerts you to the risk of personal injury, system damage, or loss of data.
WARNING: Warns you that failure to take or avoid a specific action might result in
personal injury or a malfunction of the hardware or software. Be aware of the hazards
involved with electrical circuitry and be familiar with standard practices for preventing
accidents before you work on any equipment.
Related Documents
For additional information, see the following documents:
Table 1: Related Documents
Document
Location
VMware® VXLAN Deployment
Guide
http://www.vmware.com/files/pdf/techpaper/VMwareVXLAN-Deployment-Guide.pdf
VMware® Network Virtualization
Design Guide
http://www.vmware.com/files/pdf/techpaper/Virtual-NetworkDesign-Guide.pdf
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Overview
Document
Location
How To Configure MLAG on
Mellanox Switches
https://community.mellanox.com/docs/DOC-1434
MLNX-OS User Manual
http://support.mellanox.com/
NOTE: Active support account required to access manual.
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1
Rev 1.0
Overview
CloudX™ for VMware vCloud is a private implementation of cloud reference design based
on VMware vCloud Suite and Mellanox advance interconnect NIC and switch products.
This CloudX takes advantage of Virtual eXtensible Local Area Network (VXLAN) offload
capabilities of Mellanox ConnectX®-3 Pro NIC device to provide both the scalability and
efficiency of VXLAN without the associated penalties: significant drop of network
throughput and increase of CPU utilization.
In addition, this reference design takes advantage of Mellanox 40Gbps end-to-end
interconnect to provide ample IO services for the VMs running on each Hyper-V hypervisor
increasing the VM density and the overall performance of the cloud.
1.1
Solution Components
1.1.1
Hardware Requirements
• All server platform shall be compatible with the VMware ESXi 5.5 U2 requirements.
• An available PCI Express v3.0 x8
• Mellanox ConnectX-3Pro EN / VPI dual port adapter 1
• Mellanox SwitchX products with 40Gbps Ethernet support
1.1.2
Software Components
The following components: installation and configuration are covered in this document
• VMware ESXi 5.5 U2
• VMware vCloud Networking and Security 5.5.4-2504419
• VMware vCloud Director 5.5.3-2578696
Prerequisites: We assume the components below are already installed and configured on
your system. We will run there components as VMs on dedicated, standalone ESXi server
(MISC-MGMT server)
• Active Directory domain controller with DHCP and DNS server (based on Windows
Server 2012R2)
• SQL server 2014 (for vCenter and vCloud DB)
• VMware vCenter 5.5 U2
1.1.3
Deployment Components
• Switch Fabric:
•
1
2
•
Six MSX6710 switches for cloud internal networks 2
•
1Gbps switch for WAN/External network connectivity
Two compute clusters Gold and Bronze in the same vCenter datacenter:
For Bronze and Gold clusters a single port adapter can be used too.
Mellanox SwitchX VPI switches can be used too.
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Overview
•
Four hosts per cluster
•
One Top of the Rack switch per cluster
•
One 40/56GbE ConnectX®-3 Pro VPI Dual-Port Adapter network interface cards per
host1
•
Two Virtual Distributed Switches (External, VXLAN)
• Management cluster:
1.2
•
3 hosts in the cluster
•
2 Top of the Rack switches
•
vCloud Director
•
vCloud Networking and Security Manager
•
One Virtual Distributed Switch
Setup Diagram
Figure 1 presents the cloud topology.
Figure 1: Cloud Topology
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Network Installation
2.1
Networks Allocation
Rev 1.0
The example in this document is based on the network allocation defined in this table:
Table 2: Network Allocation Example
Network
Switching
Fabric
Subnet/Mask
Gateway
VLAN ID
Management
and Storage
Mellanox
40Gbps
10.142.200.0/24
10.142.200
.1
101
vMotion
Mellanox
40Gbps
10.142.201.0/24
N/A
102
VXLAN
Mellanox
40Gbps
10.142.202.0/24
N/A
103
WAN/Public
1Gbps
switch
10.144.255.41-53/16
10.144.0.1
Public network used to connect
Cloud nodes to an external network.
Note: In the examples used in this
document, Lab network is used as
WAN/Public.
2.2
Configuring 1Gbps WAN/Public Switch
• No specific configuration is required
• Each server in Bronze and Gold clusters should be connected to the network
• The range of IP addresses within the WAN/Public network to be used by the cloud should
be allocated by the Network administrator
2.3
Configuring 40Gbps Switching Fabric (MLAG, VLANs)
• Left and Right spine switches
•
Set the MTU to at least 1600 for all ports. In our setup we set to 9000.
•
Disable the STP protocol
•
Create an MLAG between the spine switches
•
Set up an "mlag-port-channel" interface for each uplink from the TOR switch
•
Set all "mlag-port-channel" interfaces to trunk mode with pass-through all VLANs
•
Save the running configuration
•
Bronze and Gold cluster switches
•
Set the MTU to at least 1600 for all ports. In our setup we set to 9000.
•
Disable the STP protocol
•
Create a LAG interface between the uplinks and the spine switches
•
Save the running configuration
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Network Installation
• Management cluster switches
•
Set the MTU to at least 1600 for all ports. In our setup we set to 9000.
•
Disable the STP protocol
•
Create an MLAG between the management switches
•
Set up an "mlag-port-channel" interface for each uplink from the TOR switch to the
spine switch
•
Set all "mlag-port-channel" interfaces to trunk mode with pass-through all VLANs
•
Create an "mlag-port-channel" interface for each management server connection
port and set it to hybrid mode with default VLAN 101 and tagged VLAN 102
•
Save the running configuration
NOTE: For further information of switch configuration, please refer to the MLNX-OS
User Manual (See Table 1: Related Documents).
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Host Installation and Configuration
In order to deploy the host, please follow these steps:
1. Install ESXi 5.5 U2 on all the servers.
2. Configure vCenter server to connect to each ESXi host for GUI/WEB management.
3. Log into your vCenter Server via the vSphere Client or vSphere Web Client and create
two datacenters (MGMT, CloudX) with three clusters (Management, VX-Bronze, VXGold).
4. Drag your hosts to the corresponding cluster.
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Host Installation and Configuration
5. Manually upgrade the MLNX-EN-ESX Driver for VMware ESX 5.5.
a. Download the latest Mellanox driver from VMware site. In our example we use MELmlnx-en-1.9.9.4-1OEM.550.0.0.1331820-offline_bundle-2349568.zip.
b. Enable SSH and ESXi Shell on each host in Security Profile services via vSphere
Web Client.
(Select Hosts and Clusters
 Select the desired server  Manage Tab 
Settings Tab  Security Profile  Scroll down to the Services section and press Edit)
In edit window start ESXi Shell and SSH services.
Click OK.
c. Copy the driver to each host in the /tmp folder using a secure shell copy application.
For example WinSCP .
d. Install the driver.
Run from each host's console the following command:
"esxcli software vib install -d /tmp/MEL-mlnx-en-1.9.9.41OEM.550.0.0.1331820-offline_bundle-2349568.zip & reboot"
6. Create the distributed switches.
•
NSX_DVSwitch – A single uplink with two port groups NSX-MGMT,
NSX_vMotion
•
WAN_DVSwitch – A single uplink with port group WAN_DPG
•
MGMT_DVS - Two active uplinks (Load balancing: Route based on IP hash) with
two port groups DPortGroup_MGMT, DPortGroup_vMotion
Note: Networks CloudX-LAN and LAB Network used by the Misc management
server and without specific settings.
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7. Migrate management interface from the standard vSwitch to NSX_DVSwitch vSphere
distributed switch (DVS).
(Select Networking
 Distributed Switch
Settings Tab  Topology  Add and Manage Hosts
Manage Tab 
)
a. Choose Add host and manage host networking (advanced)
Click Next.
b. Press New hosts… and select hosts.
Click OK and Next.
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Host Installation and Configuration
c. Select any host as your Template host.
Click Next.
d. Choose the first 3 options.
Click Next.
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e. Assign the Mellanox interface as the uplink on the template host and
press Apply to all.
Click Next.
f. Assign an NSX_MGMT port group and press Apply to all.
Click Next until Finish.
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Host Installation and Configuration
8. Set up the WAN_DSwitch vSphere distributed switch.
Repeat steps 6.a – 6.f with the following changes:
•
In “Step e” choose 1 Gbps interface connected to WAN/Public network.
•
In “Step f” choose WAN_PG port group.
Once completing these steps, the window below will display your results.
9. Configure VMkernel interface for vMotion Port Group on each server in both Bronze and
Gold cluster.
(Click the Home button
on vSphere Web Client and select Hosts and Clusters
 CloudX datacenter  Related Objects  Hosts Tab)
a. Select the desired host.
b. Select the Manage Tab  Networking  VMkernel adapters and add the VMkernel
Network Adapter
.
Click Next.
c. Select target port group.
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Click Next.
d. Enable vMotion traffic and click Next.
e. Specify VMkernel IPv4 settings.
Click Next and Finish.
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Host Installation and Configuration
10.Migrate management interface from the standard vSwitch to MGMT_DVS vSphere
distributed switch and set up VMkernel interface for vMotion Port Group in the
Management cluster.
Repeat steps 6.a – 6.f with the following changes:
•
In “Step e” choose two Mellanox interfaces.
•
In “Step f” choose DPortGroup_MGMT port group.
Repeat steps 8.a – 8.e for each on the servers in the cluster.
Once completing these steps, the window below will display your results.
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vShield Manager Appliance Installation
1. Download the vShield Manager Appliance from the VMware website.
2. Install the vShield Manager Appliance on the Management cluster, from the vShield Web
Client.
(Actions  Deploy OVF Template)
3. Complete the remaining steps in the wizard to install the vShield Manager Appliance to a
location of your choosing. After finishing the setup wizard, a new vShield Manager VM
should appear in your Hosts and Clusters inventory window.
4. Power on the Virtual Machine.
5. Click Open with VMRC.
6. Log in using admin credentials.
7. Type enable in the Command Line prompt and re-enter admin password.
8. Type setup to configure the vShield Manager VM networking settings in Management
and Storage network.
In this document, vShield Manager VM is referred as vsm-01.cloudx-vmw.mlnx.
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vShield Manager Appliance Installation
9. Open a web browser and navigate to: https://vsm-01.cloudx-vmw.mlnx
10.Log in using admin credentials.
11.Link the vShield Manager to your vCenter server.
a. Navigate to Settings & Reports on the left pane. Under the Configuration tab on the
right pane.
b. Edit the information listed under vCenter Server to match your vCenter Server's
network configuration.
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12. Add an SSL Certificate to identify the vShield Manager Web Service to disable the
Certificate error warning.
a. Click on the SSL Certificate under the Configuration tab on the right pane.
b. Generate a Certificate Signing Request, download it, sign in a local CA and import the
signed certificate.
13.Reboot the vShield Manager Appliance.
14.Re-open a web browser and navigate to: https://vsm-01.cloudx-vmw.mlnx
15.Verify the vShield Manager Web Service certificate is valid.
NOTE: For more information please refer to:
http://www.vmware.com/pdf/vshield_55_install.pdf
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5
VXLAN Configuration
VXLAN Configuration
1. Log into the vShield Manager (VSM) via a web browser.
2. Select your CloudX datacenter in the left pane.
3. Navigate to the Network Virtualization tab on the right pane.
4. Press the Preparation link and add the Clusters you want to participate in VXLAN
networking, and then press Edit….
a. Choose a distributed switch and set the VLAN ID.
Click Next.
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b. Set the desired teaming policy and MTU to 1600.
In this setup there is no teaming and servers connected through single 40Gbps link.
5. Click Finish to begin preparing your hosts for VXLAN networking.
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Virtual Tunnel Endpoint IP Configuration
Virtual Tunnel Endpoint IP Configuration
1. The IP configuration is required for Virtual Tunnel Endpoint (VTEP) VMkernel interface
on each host in CloudX datacenter. The configuration may be either provided by the
DHCP server or configured manually.
In this setup, there is no DHCP infrastructure available so VTEP VMkernel interfaces
were configured manually.
The figure below shows the final configuration for one VTEP VMkernel interface.
2. After setting up VTEP VMkernel interfaces on all hosts, refresh the Preparation page to
see that all Clusters are VXLAN ready.
3. Set up the Segment ID Pool and Multicast Group Address Range configuration.
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Click the Segment ID button and then press Edit….
Click OK.
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vCloud Director Deployment
vCloud Director Deployment
1. Deploy vCloud Director.
For information on how to do so, please refer to:
http://pubs.vmware.com/vcd-55/topic/com.vmware.ICbase/PDF/vcd_55_install.pdf
http://pubs.vmware.com/vcd-55/topic/com.vmware.ICbase/PDF/vcd_55_admin_guide.pdf
The screenshot below displays the complete VM with the deployed vCloud director.
In this setup, vCloud Director Hostname is vcloud-01.cloudx-vmw.mlnx.
2. After installing vCloud Director, open up a web browser and navigate to:
https://vcloud-01.cloudx-vmw.mlnx/
and complete the remaining steps in the wizard.
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