APP 1.5-3.5 - Depco Pump Company
MAKING MODERN LIVING POSSIBLE
User manual
Installation, Operation and
Maintenance Manual
APP pumps (APP 1.5-3.5)
APP 1.5-3.5
ro-solutions.com
User manual
Installation, Operation and Maintenance APP Pumps (APP 1.5-3.5)
Table of Contents
Validity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
EU Declaration of Conformity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1.Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.1General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.2Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.3
Manufacturer and customer service address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6
6
6
7
2.Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1
General information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.2
Preferred system design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3
Commissioning and servicing the unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.4
Adhere to the following important points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.5
In case of doubt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7
7
7
8
8
8
3.
Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1
Approved applications and operational limits for the pumps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2
Application range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.3
Electric motor data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.4
Noise and vibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.5
Dimension drawings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.6
Space requirement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.7Filtration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.8
Properties of water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.9
Air bubbles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.10Chemicals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
9
9
9
9
4.
Arrival inspection, transportation, handling, lifting and storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
4.1
Arrival inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
4.2Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
4.3
General safety information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
4.4
Transport and handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
4.5
Return to supplier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
4.6Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
5.
Installation and commissioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.1
Important dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2Cleanliness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3
Fluid temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.4
Electrical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.5
Local regulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.6
Pre mounting checklist, based on Danfoss preferred system design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.7
Lifting and positioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.8
Mount the different equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.9Electrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.10Instrumentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.11Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.12
Ensure free flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.13
Verify setting of safety/relief valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.14
Flush the pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.15
Bleed and remove air from the pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.16
Verify direction of rotation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.17Commissioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.18
Check the filter condition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.19
Instruct operator and maintenance personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.
6.1
6.2
2
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
12
12
12
12
12
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
Operation of pump unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
General safety information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
What to listen and look for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
180R9267 / IOM APP Pumps - v02 / 09.2013
User manual
Installation, Operation and Maintenance APP Pumps (APP 1.5-3.5)
7.
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.8
Maintenance and service of the pump unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General safety information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Service and inspection interval for the pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shut down of the system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disassembling and assembling the pump unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Assembling the pump unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Procedure for mounting the pump onto the electric motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Getting the pump unit back into operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Storage of the pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14
14
14
14
15
15
15
15
15
8.
Troubleshooting and scrapping criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.1
General safety information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.2
Operational conditions which can cause pump failures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.3
Mechanical failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.4
Electrical failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.5Responsibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.6
Scrapping criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
Subject index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Appendices for Installation, Operation and Maintenance Manual
1.
Data sheet for APP 1.5-3.5 pumps (521B0850) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2.
APP pump instruction APP 0.6-3.5 (180R9065) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
3.
IOM Electric motors (180R9230) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
4.
Recommended service intervals for APP pumps (180R9199) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
5.
APP parts list (521B0941) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
6.
Trouble shooting guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
7.
Right and wrong (180R9042) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
180R9267 / IOM APP Pumps - v02 / 09.2013
3
User manual
Installation, Operation and Maintenance APP Pumps (APP 1.5-3.5)
Validity
This manual is valid for APP pumps with the following code numbers/serial numbers:
APP 1.5
APP 1.8
APP 2.2
APP 2.5
APP 3.0
APP 3.5
4
Code no.
180B3043
Serial no.
02
Code no.
180B3044
Serial no.
02
Code no.
180B3045
Serial no.
02
Code no.
180B3046
Serial no.
02
Code no.
180B3030
Serial no.
02
Code no.
180B3032
Serial no.
02
180R9267 / IOM APP Pumps - v02 / 09.2013
EU Declaration of Conformity
180R9267 / IOM APP Pumps - v02 / 09.2013
5
User manual
Installation, Operation and Maintenance APP Pumps (APP 1.5-3.5)
1.Introduction
1.1General
The APP pumps and pump units are manufactured by Danfoss A/S, and are sold and marketed
by a net of authorized distributors world wide.
This manual contains the necessary instructions
for the installation, operation and service of the
pumps used in a Sea Water Reverse Osmosis
(SWRO) system or Brackish Water Reverse
Osmosis (BWRO) system.
•
I f any changes are made without written
approval the warranty will automatically
become void.
It is important that these instructions are
always available to the personnel concerned.
1.2Symbols
In case the pump delivered is ATEX certified, the
additional ATEX instruction must also be read.
Indicates something to be noted by the
reader
The APP pumps must not be used for other
purposes than those recommended and
specified without first consulting your local
pump distributor.
Indicates a situation which will or could
result in damage to the pump and its
function
Use of the pump in other applications that are
not suitable for the pump unit can cause
damages to the pump unit, with risk of personal
injury.
Indicates a situation which will or could
result in personal injury and/or damage
to the pump
Electrical hazard - Indicates a high-­
voltage warning
All personnel being responsible for operation
and maintenance of the pump unit must read
and fully understand these instructions,
especially the section “Safety”, before:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Transportation of the pump unit
Lifting the unit
Installing the pump unit
Connecting the pump unit to the water
system
Connecting the electric motor and instrumentation
Commissioning the unit
Servicing the pump unit, mechanical and
electrical parts
Decommissioning the pump unit
The pump must always be installed and used in
accordance with existing national/local
sanitary, safety regulations and laws.
Safety glasses required
Hearing protection required
Safety shoes required
Safety helmet required
!
Protective
garments
must be worn
It is the responsibility of the safety officer or
the chief operator to assure compliance with all
local regulations that are not taken into
account in this manual.
Danger HOT.
Do not touch
Electrical
hazard
Changing the pumps’ or pump units’ operational limits and hardware:
•
•
6
hanges to the delivered pump or motor
C
pump unit may only be done with a written
approval from Danfoss High Pressure Pumps.
Operation outside the Danfoss specifications
requires a written approval from Danfoss
High Pressure Pumps.
180R9267 / IOM APP Pumps - v02 / 09.2013
Protective garments
must be worn
Electrical hazard
User manual
Installation, Operation and Maintenance APP Pumps (APP 1.5-3.5)
1.3Manufacturer and customer service
address
Danfoss A/S
Danfoss High Pressure Pumps
RO Solutions
Nordborgvej 81, D25
DK-6430 Nordborg
Denmark
Telephone: +45 7488 4024
Fax:
+45 7445 3831
Email:[email protected]
Homepage:www.ro-solutions.com
Your local Danfoss pump distributor can be
found on our homepage.
Data sheets and instructions on all accessories
are available on www.ro-solutions.danfoss.com
EC Declaration of Conformity can be found on
page 5.
2.Safety
2.1 General information
Dangers that can arise from not following the
instructions:
When the pump or pump unit is managed by
untrained personnel, there is a danger of:
•
•
Death or fatal injuries
Costly damages and claims
Electrical
hazard
All electrical installation work must only be
carried out by authorized personnel in
­accordance with EN60204-1 and/or local
regulations.
It is recommended to install a lockable circuit
breaker to avoid inadvertent starting and/or
electrical hazard. The lockable circuit breaker
must be used during installation, operation and
maintenance.
It is recommended to place a local safety switch
nearby the pump, enabling service personnel to
cut power for the electric motor.
Protect the motor and other electrical equipment from overloads with suitable equipment.
In case the pump delivered is ATEX certified, the
additional ATEX instruction must also be read.
!
Protective
garments
must be worn
Always wear suitable safety clothing when
handling the pump.
When working near the pump system, safety
shoes, safety glasses, hearing protection and
safety helmet must always be worn.
180R9267 / IOM APP Pumps - v02 / 09.2013
Under certain operational conditions the surface
of the pump can be above 60°C / 140°F. Under
these conditions the pump must be labelled with
a “Danger Hot” sign.
When using an electric motor, the motor must
always be supplied with adequate cooling
ventilation.
When using an electric motor together with a
VFD, the motor must be designed for operation
with a VFD.
VFD operation may increase the temperature
inside the electric motor if the motor is not
designed for VFD operation. This can damage
the motor and cause unintended breakdown.
Before start-up, the settings for all protective
devices, such as sensors/switches and safety
valves must be verified and free flow from safety
valves must be ensured.
All pipe and hose connections must be stressfree mounted, securely fastened to the pump
and well supported. Improper installation will or
can result in personal injury and/or damage to
the pump.
Use of this manual does not relieve operation
and maintenance personnel of the responsibility of applying good judgment when operating
and maintaining the pump and its components.
2.2 Preferred system design
Danfoss recommends to build systems with a
high degree of safety. Danfoss preferred system
design and P&ID are found in appendix 1, Data
sheet, and appendix 2, Instruction.
7
User manual
Installation, Operation and Maintenance APP Pumps (APP 1.5-3.5)
It is always the system builders´ responsibility
that the system design does not cause any kind
of hazard and is adapted to local regulations and
standards.
Proper installation, proper start up and shutdown devices as well as high-pressure protection
equipment is essential.
2.3 Commissioning and servicing the unit
It is recommended that commissioning and
servicing are carried out by a minimum of two
people, where one is acting as a supervisor.
2.4Adhere to the following important
points
•
3.
efore using the pump/pump unit it is very
B
important to read and understand this user
manual.
Technical data
•
•
•
•
•
•
o not try to lift the pump unit manually;
D
most of the pumps weigh more than
20 kilos, see specific weight for the pump
in the appendix 1, Data sheet.
Always bleed the pump prior to initial
start-up.
Do not mount the pump without the bell
housing and a flexible coupling.
Do not try to start the unit before the
system components are mounted, bleeded
and adjusted.
Flush the system throughly before
connecting the pump or pump unit.
Check rotation direction of the motor
before mounting the pump.
2.5 In case of doubt
Please contact Danfoss A/S in case of doubt.
Contact information is listed in section 1.3,
Manufacturer and customer service address.
3.2 Application range
See appendix 1, Data sheet.
3.3 Electric motor data
See recommended motor in appendix 1, Data
sheet or appendix 3, IOM for motors. The motors
mentioned are the most common used motors
by Danfoss High Pressure Pumps.
3.4 Noise and vibration
Noise level for a pump unit with a ”standard”
motor measured according to EN ISO 3744: 2010,
see appendix 1, Data sheet. Possibilities to
reduce noise and vibration are described in the
same Data sheet.
3.1Approved applications and operational
limits for the pumps
The pump and the pump units are designed for
the use in a Sea Water Reverse Osmosis (SWRO)
or Brackish Water Reverse Osmosis (BWRO)
systems and Brackish Water Reverse Osmosis
(BWRO) system.
The APP pumps must not be used for other
purposes than those recommended and
specified without first consulting your local
pump distributor.
Use of the pump in other applications not
suitable for the pump unit can cause damages
to the pump unit, with risk of personal injury.
For system integration of the pump, please see
appendix 1, Data sheet and appendix 2,
Instruction.
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180R9267 / IOM APP Pumps - v02 / 09.2013
3.5 Dimension drawings
Dimensions of the different pumps can be found
in appendix 1, Data sheet.
3.6 Space requirement
When doing service or replacing the complete
pump unit, it is recommended to have sufficient
space available around the pump in order to
ensure easy access. Sufficient space means at
least 1 meter/40 inches around the pump. When
working with high pressures, it is important to
have the right space available around the pump
as stated in the safety requirements.
User manual
Installation, Operation and Maintenance APP Pumps (APP 1.5-3.5)
3.7Filtration
(10µm absolute [ß10 ≥ 5000])
Requirements are specified in appendix 1, Data
sheet and in appendix 2, Instruction.
3.9 Air bubbles
Large bubbles in a pressurised RO system can
result in damage to piping, equipment and the
pump.
Danfoss recommends not to build a filter bypass
function or to use filters with an integrated
bypass. If the above recommendation is not
followed the warranty for the pump will
automatically become void.
All air must be bleeded from both the low-­
pressure and high-pressure side before the RO
system is pressurised. Special consideration
should be given in order to minimize air bubbles
in the feed flow. Air bubbles can cause cavitation.
It should be possible to monitor the condition of
the filter via the differential/delta pressure across
the filter.
Using insufficient filtration or a filter bypass
can cause a failure or decreased service life of
the pump.
3.10Chemicals
The pump should not be exposed to any
chemicals as it can result in damage to piping,
equipment and internal parts in the pump.
3.8 Properties of water
It is recommended NOT to use the pumps in feed
water concentrations higher than 50,000 ppm
TDS without consulting your local Danfoss pump
distributor.
4.Arrival inspection,
transportation,
handling, lifting and
storage
4.1 Arrival inspection
The pump is packed in a cardboard or wood box
with plugs in the port connections to protect the
pumps from damage during transportation.
When the shipment has arrived it is important to
check the pump for any damages. The name
plate/type designation must be in accordance
with the delivery note and your order.
4.4 Transport and handling
Small pumps which have a weight below 20 kilos
(weight can be found in appendix 1, Data sheet).
can be handled by hand if they are not mounted
together with an electric motor. The weight of a
small pump with a motor will be above 20 kilos.
In case of damage and/or missing parts, a report
should be documented and presented to the
carrier at once.
4.2Warning
Before any lifting operation is performed,
environmental conditions must be taken into
consideration (Ex-rated areas, wind speed, wet/
dry conditions, lifting height, etc.).
4.3 General safety information
Personnel involved in lifting and transporting the
equipment (see Safety, chapter 2) must be
trained in handling and in safety procedures for
lifting heavy loads. Many of the pumps and
pump units weigh more than 20 kilos, which
requires lifting slings and suitable lifting devices;
e.g. an overhead crane or industrial truck to be
used as minimum.
180R9267 / IOM APP Pumps - v02 / 09.2013
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User manual
Installation, Operation and Maintenance APP Pumps (APP 1.5-3.5)
Pumps which have a weight above 20 kilos (see
appendix 1, Data sheet) must be handled by
using lifting eyes and slings.
Wrong lifting:
When lifting the pump unit, one sling must be
attached to the electric motor and one sling
around the pump.
Some motors and pumps have specific lifting
eyes.
Do not use connections/nozzles for lifting!
Do not use only one sling!
Never use only one sling and make sure the
slings does not slip off the pump.
When the pump is mounted together with an
electric motor, the pump unit always weigh more
than 20 kilos and must be handled by using
slings around the pump unit.
See below examples of where to/not to attach
the lifting slings on the pump unit:
Correct lifting with 2 separate slings:
Make sure that the unit/load is balanced before
lifting. The centre of the mass varies from pump/
pump unit size to pump/pump unit.
How to mount the pump and the electric motor
correctly, see appendix 1, Data sheet or appendix
2, Instruction.
Incorrect lifting can result in personal injury
and/or damage to the pump unit, see appendix
2, Instruction.
4.5 Return to supplier
Please see maintenance chapter 7.
4.6Storage
Each pump is tested before shipment, and will
therefore contain water. For storage temperature
and frost protection see appendix 2, Instruction.
The pumps are NOT delivered frost protected
from the factory.
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180R9267 / IOM APP Pumps - v02 / 09.2013
User manual
5.Installation and
commissioning
Installation, Operation and Maintenance APP Pumps (APP 1.5-3.5)
5.1 Important dimensions
Physical dimensions and connections of the
pump unit are described in appendix 1, Data
sheet.
5.4 Electrical data
Check voltage, current frequency and rated
power on the electric motor and VFD settings on
the name plate placed on both the motor and
the VFD.
5.2Cleanliness
It is very important that the tubes and pipes are
completely clean: no dirt, chips or burrs are
allowed. Flush all piping before connecting the
high-pressure pump to ensure the system is
clean. Internal surfaces of the piping must not be
corroded. If dirt or rust is not removed, the pump
and the valves can be damaged. In worst case
the pump can be damaged beyond repair!
5.5 Local regulations
Commissioning must always be done in
­accordance with valid regulations and local
standards.
5.3 Fluid temperature
Before start-up, the fluid and pump housing
temperature must be within the specified
temperature range listed see appendix 1, Data
sheet.
Schematic 1: Recommended system design
Media filter
Feed
PI
1
PI
1
9
PI
M
PI
3
PT
8
PI
2
7
Permeate
4
5
6
PT
Brine
180R9267 / IOM APP Pumps - v02 / 09.2013
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User manual
Installation, Operation and Maintenance APP Pumps (APP 1.5-3.5)
5.6Pre mounting checklist, based on Danfoss preferred system design
Table 1: Check points when assembling and commissioning system
Check points
Comment
CP1
Ensure that the environmental conditions are safe.
See Arrival inspection,
transportation, handling,
lifting and storage, chapter 4.
CP2
Minimum and maximum start-up temperature for fluid and
pump.
See Data sheet or Instruction,
appendices 1 and 2.
CP3
Filtration condition (10 µm absolute (ß10 ≥ 5000)
See Danfoss requirements in
Data sheet and Instruction,
appendices 1 and 2
CP4
Power supply for electric motor and VFD.
See Data sheet for the used
motor and VFD.
CP5
Safety circuit / breaker must be sized for the motor and
environment (corrosion and humidity)
See Data sheet for the used
safety circuit.
CP6
Bolts and screws must conform to environmental conditions
as well as fluid and torque requirements.
CP7
Instrumentation, pressure switch should be designed to
conform to the environment (corrosion and humidity).
See Data sheet for the used
equipment.
CP8
Check the factory settings of the safety/relief valves or
pressure relief valves (8 & 9).
See Data sheets for the used
valves.
CP9
Check the settings of the pressure transmitter/switch (3) set
at min. inlet pressure.
See Data sheet or Instruction,
appendices 1 and 2.
CP10
Check that all pressure indicators (PI) are selected to be able
to measure the system pressure range.
Scaling should at least be 1 Bar
or more precise.
CP11
Check coupling distance ( air gab – movement of the spider )
3 – 5 mm
CP12
Check correct connections on the pump ( in & outlet)
CP13
Check piping for possible air gaps.
5.7 Lifting and positioning
Lift the pump unit onto base (Remember
vibration dampeners, if needed). Fasten the
motor to the base.
See also chapter 4, Arrival inspection, transportation, handling, lifting and storage.
5.8Mount the different equipment
­(connections, pipes, tubes, check and safety/relief
valves, etc.)
•
•
•
•
•
12
T he hard piping and flexible hoses used,
must be of proper design and must be
installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations. (see also Data sheet
for Hose and hose fittings and Instruction for
Assembling Hose kit - both available on
www.ro-solutions.danfoss.com).
Misalignment of the hard pipes may give
unintended stress on the pump port
connections and may damage the pump.
Prevent excessive external pipe load.
Do not connect piping by applying external
force (use of wrenches, crane, etc.) Piping
must be aligned without residual stress.
Do not mount expansion joints so that their
force applies internal pressure on the pump
connections.
180R9267 / IOM APP Pumps - v02 / 09.2013
OK ?
5.9Electrics
All electrical installation work must be carried
out by authorized personnel in accordance with
EN60204-1 and/or local regulations. (see also
Safety, chapter 2)
Turn off the safety circuit breaker and lock it.
Mount the power cable on the electric motor.
If a VFD is used, adjust the protective motor
switch/VFD to the current limits found on the
name plate of the electric motor.
5.10Instrumentation
The pressure switch/sensor should be mounted
as close to the pump as possible. It is recommended to test the pressure/sensor switch via an
instrumentation manifold.
Mount the pressure switch/sensors according to
the manufacturer’s instructions.
5.11Connections
Mount and tighten connections and check
valve(s) as specified.
User manual
Installation, Operation and Maintenance APP Pumps (APP 1.5-3.5)
5.12Ensure free flow
Ensure free flow from the safety/relief valves 8
and 9 (figure 1, item 5.6). A blocked safety/relief
valve can cause excessive build-up of pressure
and thereby cause dangerous situations and
damage to the whole system.
5.13Verify setting of safety/relief valves
Make sure, the safety/relief valves 8 and 9 are
placed correctly.
Check the pressure settings on the name plates
of the safety/relief valves. If they are within
specifications, you can continue.
5.14 Flush the pump
Fully open the pressure valve at the brine outlet.
Close all the bleeding and draining plugs on the
high-pressure pump.
Start the feed pump and ensure free flow to the
high-pressure pump.
5.15Bleed and remove air from the pump
Open the bleeding plugs. Keep the plugs open
until the high-pressure pump is bleeded.
5.16Verify direction of rotation
The direction of rotation must always follow the
arrow. The arrow is placed on the pump or pump
unit.
Check the direction of rotation before mounting
the pump.
Unlock the safety circuit breaker. Start the motor
for 1 second and observe the direction of
rotation either looking at the fan of the motor or
the coupling through the inspection hole in the
bell housings (not available on all bell housings).
If the motor is turning the wrong direction,
switch two phases in the connection box of the
motor or reprogram the direction in VFD.
5.17Commissioning
•
Close all the bleeding and draining plugs.
•
Open the pressure valve at the brine site.
•
Switch the safety circuit breaker on for both
motor(s) and VFD(s).
•
Start the feed pump.
•
Start the high-pressure pump.
•
If a VFD or a soft starter is used a ramp up
time of minimum 10 seconds is required to
avoid damage of the pump.
•
Monitor the inlet and outlet pressure of the
high-pressure pump and look for leakages.
•
Check the function of the pressure
indicators by slowly closing the valves. The
pump unit should stop when the minimum
inlet pressure and maximum outlet
pressure has been reached.
•
Adjust the pressures to the specified inlet
and outlet pressure for the system and let
the pump unit run until the electric motor
and pump temperature is stable.
•
If the system is running within the system
design limits, the system is released for
operation.
5.18Check the filter condition
Evaluate contamination found in filter, replace
filter elements, if necessary.
5.19Instruct operator and maintenance
personnel
Before using the pump/pump unit, the personnel
must be instructed in using the pump/pump
unit, its function, components, documentation
and safety.
Danfoss offers commissioning and service at
system manufacturer’s location. Rate quotes are
offered upon request.
When the motor is turning in the right direction,
the pump can be mounted.
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User manual
6.Operation of pump
unit
Installation, Operation and Maintenance APP Pumps (APP 1.5-3.5)
6.1 General safety information
Before inspecting the pump unit, read the Safety
chapter 2 in this user manual.
6.2 What to listen and look for
If one or more of the following examples are
observed, please act as indicated:
A)Loose bolts – check all bolts and, if
necessary, contact the maintenance
department in order to have all bolts
tightened to the specified torque(s).
B)Leakage – if a small leakage from the bell
housing is observed. Contact the maintenance department.
C)Leakage – if there is a large leak, the unit
should be stopped immediately. Contact
the maintenance department.
D)High frequency tones – safety/relief valves
are either damaged or running very close
to their design pressure, stop the unit
immediately. Contact the maintenance
department.
E)Increased noise or vibration – requires the
unit to be stopped immediately. Contact
the maintenance department.
F)Very high temperatures – may indicate that
one or more parts are damaged inside the
pump. The pump must be stopped
immediately and inspected before it is
restarted. Contact the maintenance
department.
7.Maintenance and
service of the pump
unit
7.1General safety information
Before servicing the pump unit, it is necessary to
read and understand this user manual, especially
the Safety, chapter 2. Remember to wear suitable
safety equipment according to Safety, chapter 2.
7.2Service and inspection interval for the
pump
Maintenance and service intervals are depending
on the cleanliness level of the water, hydraulic
load and temperature of the pump unit. The
most important parameter is the filtration of the
water.
See the section Service and warranty in the
appendix 1, Data sheet, in appendix 2, Instruction and appendix 4, Instruction for recommended service intervals.
For spare parts and service tools, please see
appendix 3, Parts list.
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180R9267 / IOM APP Pumps - v02 / 09.2013
G)Drop in flow and/or pressure – may indicate
wear on one or more parts inside the
pump. The pump must be stopped
immediately and inspected before it is
restarted. Contact the maintenance
department.
H)Other observations or troubles, please see
appendix 7, Right and Wrong or appendix
6, the Trouble shooting guide.
Both appendices give good advises
regarding design, installation, wiring and
troubleshooting.
See also service and warranty section in
appendix 1, Data sheet and appendix 2,
Instruction.
If the pump is not stopped for inspection as
recommended, it can lead to damage of the
pump or break-down. See also service and
warranty section in the appendix 1, Data sheet,
in appendix 2, Instruction or appendix 4,
Instruction for recommended service intervals.
Danfoss offers service of the pump at the system
manufacturer’s location as well as we offer
training in how to service the pump. Quotes are
offered upon request.
Danfoss recommends simultaneously to check
the filter and membrane condition and to
evaluate contamination; filter and membrane
elements must be replaced if necessary.
Danfoss offers service of the pump at the system
manufacturer’s location and training in how to
service the pump. Quotes are offered upon
request.
7.3 Shut down of the system
A)Open the pressure valves at the brine site
to release the pressure.
B)
Stop the high-pressure pump.
C)
Stop the feed pump.
D)Switch off the safety circuit breaker for
both the high-pressure pump, feed pump
and VFD and lock them. Only personnel
servicing the pump unit should be able to
unlock/activate the switch again.
E)Open bleeding and drain plugs. Wait until
the pump and system are emptied for
water.
User manual
Installation, Operation and Maintenance APP Pumps (APP 1.5-3.5)
F)Slowly unscrew and remove the bolts and
gaskets from the inlet/outlet hoses or
pipes, be careful about jets of water.
Beware that the system can be pressurized!
G)Attach the lifting equipment to the pump
unit. For instructions on lifting the
complete pump unit, see chapter 4, Arrival
inspection, transportation, handling, lifting
and storage.
H)For the small pumps, unscrew the bolts
holding the pump to the bell housing. For
the bigger pumps, unscrew the bolts/nuts
from the pump and bell housing to the
motor. Afterwards unscrew the bolts/nuts
holding the pump and bell housing.
I)Carefully pull the pump out of the bell
housing by using lifting equipment, if
necessary.
J)Hold the pump in different positions above
a drip tray; this should allow most of the
water trapped in the pump to drain. Clean
and dry the pump surface and plug the
bleeding and draining plugs.
K)Move the pump to a clean and safe location
where the pump can be inspected/
serviced.
7.4Disassembling and assembling the
pump unit
A) Remove all connections from the pump.
B)Disassemble the pump according to the
Disassembling and Assembling Instruction
(available at www.ro-solutions.danfoss.com)
Clean all parts and surfaces with a fluid
compatible with the materials found in the
pump. Wipe the parts clean and dry with a
lint-free clothing.
Returns without a return number will be
rejected !!!
7.5 Assembling the pump unit
Assemble the pump according to the Dis­
assembling and Assembling Instruction
(available at www.ro-solutions.danfoss.com).
7.6Procedure for mounting the pump onto
the electric motor
Mount the flexible coupling and bell housing
according to appendix 2, Instruction.
7.7Getting the pump unit back into
operation
Find instructions of how to put the pump unit
back into operation in chapter 4, Arrival inspection, transportation, handling, lifting and storage
and Installation and commissioning, chapter 5.
7.8 Storage of the pump
If the pump has to be shut down for a longer
period, instructions can be found in appendix 2,
Instruction.
C)Inspect all parts including shaft seal and if
necessary, replace them; see appendix 3,
Parts list.
D)If the pump is going to be returned to
Danfoss for repair or a warranty claim, it is
important to contact Danfoss in order to
receive a return number and a form to fill
out with product information. A copy of the
form together with contact information
and reason for returning should be sent to
the email address on the form. The same
documents should be attached to the
shipment.
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15
User manual
8.Troubleshooting and
scrapping criteria
Installation, Operation and Maintenance APP Pumps (APP 1.5-3.5)
8.1 General safety information
Before inspecting the pump unit, it is necessary
to read and understand this user manual,
especially the Safety chapter 2.
Remember to wear suitable safety equipment
according to Safety chapter 2.
Electrical
hazard
8.2Operational conditions which can cause
pump failures
The following conditions can cause a pump
failure :
8.4 Electrical failure
If the wiring of the electric motor is incorrect or
the ground connection is missing, it can cause
electric shock, burn damages, fire or even death.
•
The pump is running dry.
•
The inlet pressure is too high.
•
The inlet pressure is too low.
•The temperature of the fluid is too high.
•
The ambient temperature is too high.
•The pump is running against a blocked
port/closed manual valve.
•The pump is operating at a pressure out of
specification.
•The pump is running with a non-specified/
approved fluid.
•The pump is running in the wrong
direction.
•
The filtration is insufficient.
•The pump is not being serviced according
to Danfoss specifications (end of life).
•There is excessive mechanical load on the
shaft coupling and piping.
If a VFD is used and wrongly programmed, it can
damage the pump and lead to high temperatures or other dangers.
8.3 Mechanical failure
If the pump is running dry, the temperature will
quickly increase which can cause burns.
If there is any leakage at start-up or during
operation, a high pressure jet can cause eye or
skin damage.
Leakage can result in flooding, which can cause
slipping, tripping or falling.
16
If water is leaking into the electric motor; it can
cause electric shock, fire, short circuit or even
death. When mounting the pump vertically
always mount the motor above the pump to
avoid water leaking into the electric motor.
180R9267 / IOM APP Pumps - v02 / 09.2013
All electrical installation must be carried out by
authorized personnel in accordance with
EN60204-1 and/or local regulations.
8.5Responsibility
Danfoss takes no responsibility for any abnormal
injuries, risks or damages that could arise caused
by abnormal conditions, vibrations, corrosion,
abrasives, foreign objects or excessive temperatures and shall not be liable for any consequential or incidental damages.
8.6 Scrapping criteria
Whether the pump can be repaired or need to be
scrapped, depends on in which conditions the
internal parts are, or how damaged the whole
unit is. Please use appendix 6, Trouble shooting
guide as guideline or send the pump to Danfoss
headquarter in Denmark for evaluation.
For other observations or troubles, please see
appendix 7, Right and Wrong which gives good
advises regarding design, installation, wiring and
troubleshooting.
In case the pump needs to be scrapped, please
follow your local environmental rules.
User manual
Installation, Operation and Maintenance APP Pumps (APP 1.5-3.5)
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Installation, Operation and Maintenance APP Pumps (APP 1.5-3.5)
Subject index
A
Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7, 8, 15
Air bubbles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Appendix . . . . . . . . 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16
Application range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Approval . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Arrival . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9, 12, 15
Assembling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12, 15
B
Bleed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8, 9, 13, 15
C
Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Check points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Chemicals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Cleanliness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 14
Commissioning . . . . . . 6, 8, 11, 12, 13, 15, 16
Connections . . . . . . . . . . 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15
Coupling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8, 12, 13, 15, 16
D
Danger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6, 7, 13, 16
Data sheet . . . . . . . . . . 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14
Declaration of Conformity . . . . . . . . . .5, 7
Design . . . . . . . . . . 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 16
Distributor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6, 7, 8, 9
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8, 11
Disassembling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
E
EC Declaration of Conformity . . . . . . . .5, 7
Electric motor . . 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 16
Electrical failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Electrical hazard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6, 7
Electrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
F
Failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8, 16
Filter condition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Filtration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9, 12, 14, 16
Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7, 9, 13, 14
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 12, 15, 16
Flush . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8, 11, 13
G
General information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Guideline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
H
Handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7, 9, 12, 15
I
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13, 14
Installation . . . . . . . 6, 7, 8, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16
Instruction . . . . . . . . 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15
Instrumentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6, 12
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
M
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . 6, 7, 10, 13, 14
Mechanical failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8, 11, 13, 15
N
Name plate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9, 11, 12, 13
Noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8, 14
L
Leaking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Lifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6, 9, 10, 12, 15
Local regulations . . . . . . . . 6, 7, 8, 11, 12, 16
S
Safety . . . . . . . . . . . 6, 7, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 16
Safety valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Scrapping criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Serial number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6, 8, 14
Shut down . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14, 15
Space requirement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Spare part . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Start up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9, 10, 12, 15
Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
System . . . . . . . . . . . 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14
Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7, 8
T
Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Temperature . . . . . . . 7, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 16
Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6, 9, 12, 15
Trouble shooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14, 16
V
Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7, 11, 12, 13, 14, 16
W
Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6, 9
O
Operation . . . . . . . . . 6, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14, 15, 16
Operational conditions . . . . . . . . . . . 7, 16
P
Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9, 11, 12, 16
Positioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Preferred system design . . . . . . . . . . 7, 11
Pre mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6, 7, 8, 10
R
Relief valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12, 13, 14
Responsibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6, 7, 8, 16
Return . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10, 15
Rotation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8, 13
Danfoss A/S
High Pressure Pumps
DK-6430 Nordborg
Denmark
Danfoss can accept no responsibility for possible errors in catalogues, brochures and other printed material. Danfoss reserves the right to alter its products without notice.
This also applies to products already on order provided that such alterations can be made without subsequential changes being necessary in specifications already agreed.
All trademarks in this material are property of the respective companies. Danfoss and the Danfoss logotype are trademarks of Danfoss A/S. All rights reserved.
18
180R9267 / IOM APP Pumps - v02 / 09.2013
MAKING MODERN LIVING POSSIBLE
Front page for Appendices
User manual
Appendices for Installation,
Operation and Maintenance Manual
APP pumps (APP 1.5-3.5)
APP 1.5-3.5
ro-solutions.com
User manual
Appendices for IOM APP Pumps (APP 1.5-3.5)
Table of Contents
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
2
180R9267 / IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices - v04 / 11.2013
Data sheet for APP 1.5-3.5 pumps (521B0850) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
APP pump instruction APP 0.6-3.5 (180R9065) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
IOM Electric motors (180R9230) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Recommended service intervals for APP pumps (180R9199) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
APP parts list (521B0941) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Trouble shooting guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Right and wrong (180R9042) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
MAKING MODERN LIVING POSSIBLE
1. Data sheet for APP
1.5-3.5 pumps (521B0850)
Data sheet
APP pumps
APP 1.5-3.5
ro-solutions.com
Data sheet
APP pumps - APP 1.5-3.5
Data sheet for
APP 1.5-3.5 pumps
(521B0850)
1.
General information
2.
Benefits
Table of Contents
3.
Technical data
4.
Flushing valve
5.
Flow at different rpm
6.
Power requirements
7.
7.1
7.2
Temperature and corrosion
Operation
Storage
8.
Noise level
9.
Filtration
10.
10.1
10.2
Dimensions
Pump
Complete unit
11.
11.1
11.2
11.3
Installation
Mounting
Open-ended system with direct water supply
RO system with APP pump
12.
12.1
12.2
12.3
Service
Warranty
Maintenance
1. General information
Repair
1.
General information
APP 1.5, APP 1.8, APP 2.2, APP 2.5, APP 3.0 and
APP 3.5 pumps are designed to supply low
viscosity and corrosive fluids under high
pressure, e.g. in seawater reverse osmosis
filtration applications and for high-pressure
saltwater pumping.
DATA SHEET
Water Pumps
APP1.5 - 3.5
All parts included in the pumps are designed to
provide long service life, i.e. long service life with
a constantly high efficiency and minimum of
service required.
The pumps are fixed displacement pumps in
which the flow is proportional to the number of
APP1.5, on
APP1.8,
APP3.0 and APP3.5 pumps
are designedof
to supply
low viscosity
corrosive
uids under high
revolutions
the input
shaftandand
theflpump
The pumps are based
theAPP2.2,
axialAPP2.5,
piston
pressure, eg in seawater reverse osmosis filtration applications and for high-pressure salt water pumping.
displacement, regardless of any counter-pressure.
principle enabling a very light and compact
The pumps are based on the axial piston principle enabling a very light and compact design. The design ensures that lubrication of
design. The design
ofby the fluid itself. No oil lubrication is thus required.
the ensures
moving partsthat
in thelubrication
pumps is provided
The pumps are supplied with an integrated
the moving parts in the pumps is provided by
All parts included in the pumps are designed to provide long service life, ie long service life with a constantly high efficiency and
flushing valve that allows the salt water to flow
the fluid itself. Nominimum
oil lubrication
is thus required.
of service required.
to the
outlet,
the of
pump
isshaft
notand the
The pumps are fixed displacement pumps in which thefrom
flow isinlet
proportional
to the
numberwhen
of revolutions
the input
pump displacement, regardless of any counter-pressure.
running.
The pumps are supplied with an integrated flushing valve that allows the salt water to flow from inlet to the outlet, when the pump
is not running.
6
7
2
12
11 4
1
1:
2:
3:
4:
5:
6:
7:
8:
9:
10:
11:
12:
Shaft sealing
Mounting flange
Retaining ring
Piston/shoe1:
Shaft sealing
Valve plate2:
Mounting flange
Retaining ring
Swash plate3:
4:
Piston/shoe
Cylinder barrel
5:
Valve plate
6:
Swash plate
Spring
7:
Cylinder barrel
Port plate 8:
Spring
9:flange
Port plate
Connecting
10:
Connecting flange
Housing with
11: bearing
Housing with bearing
12:
Flushing valve Flushing valve
10
2.
42
5
11
8
3
Benefits
of the
and/lightest
pumps on the market.
180R9267
IOM APP •1.5-3.5One
Appendices
- v04
11.2013
521B0850 / DKCFN.PD.013.FA6.02
/ smallest
09.2012
•
Can be powered by a combustion engine.
•
•
•
•
•
9
Long service life / No preventive maintenance required in the warranty period.
Generates insignificant pulsations in the high-pressure line.
No oil lubricant required.
Integrated flushing valve
All parts of the pump are made of high corrosion resistant materials eg Duplex (EN1.4462/UNS S31803-S32205) and
Super-duplex (EN1.4410/UNS S32750) stainless steel and carbon reinforced PEEK
Data sheet
APP pumps - APP 1.5-3.5
2.
•
Benefits
•
•
•
3.
Technical data
One of the smallest and lightest pumps on
the market.
Can be powered by a combustion engine.
Long service life / No preventive
maintenance required in the warranty
period.
Generates insignificant pulsations in the
high-pressure line.
APP pumps
APP 1.5
Code number
•
•
•
•
APP 1.8
No oil lubricant required.
Integrated flushing valve
All parts of the pump are made of high
corrosion resistant materials; e.g. Duplex
(EN1.4462/UNS S31803-S32205) and Super
Duplex (EN1.4410/UNS S32750), stainless
steel and carbon reinforced PEEK
High efficiency
APP 2.2
APP 2.5
APP 3.0
APP 3.5
180B3043
180B3044
180B3045
180B3046
180B3030
180B3032
cm3
9.3
10
12.5
15.3
17.7
20.5
in3/rpm
0.56
0.61
0.76
0.93
1.08
1.25
m3/h
1.5
1.7
2.1
2.6
3.0
3.5
gpm
6.6
7.5
9.2
11.4
13.2
15.4
bar
20
20
20
20
20
20
psi
290
290
290
290
290
290
Outlet max. pressure,
continuous 3)
bar
80
80
80
80
80
80
psi
1160
1160
1160
1160
1160
1160
Outlet max. pressure,
intermittent 4)
bar
100
100
100
100
100
100
psi
1450
1450
1450
1450
1450
1450
Inlet min. pressure
bar
0.5
0.5
0.5 5)
0.5
0.5 5)
0.5
psi
7.3
7.3
7.3
7.3
7.3
7.3
Inlet max. pressure,
continuous
bar
5
5
5
5
5
5
psi
72.5
72.5
72.5
72.5
72.5
72.5
Inlet max. pressure,
peak
bar
10
10
10
10
10
10
psi
145
145
145
145
145
Max. speed continuous
rpm
3450
3450
3450
3000
3450
Min. speed continuous
rpm
700
700
700
700
700
700
Power requirement at
80 bar and 3000 rpm
kW
4.5
4.8
6.0
7.2
8.4
9.8
hp
6
6.3
7.9
9.6
11.3
13.1
Torque at 80 bar
Nm
14,2
15.3
19
23
25.6
29.7
lbf-ft
10.5
11.3
14
17
18.8
21.9
Kg
8.6
8.6
8.6
8.6
8.6
8.6
lb
17
17
17
17
17
17
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
Geometric displacement
Rated flow (3000 rpm) 1)
Outlet min. pressure
2)
Weight
Integrated flushing valve
1) Typical average flow at 80 bar (1160 psi).
2) For lower pressure, please contact
Danfoss RO Sales Organization.
3) For higher pressure, please contact
Danfoss RO Sales Organzation.
180R9267
IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices
- v04 / 11.2013
521B0850 / DKCFN.PD.013.FA6.02
/ 09.2012
5)
145
5)
3000
4) Intermittent pressure is acceptable for less than
10 seconds per minute.
5) For speeds above 3000 rpm the pump must be
boosted at a pressure of 2-5 bar (29.0 - 72.5 psi).
53
at 80 bar and 3000 rpm
(hp)
Nm
(lbf-ft)
Torque at 80 bar
Kg
(lb)
Weight
Integrated flushing valve
(6)
(6.3)
(7.9)
(9.6)
(11.3)
(13.1)
14,2
(10.5)
15.3
(11.3)
19
(14)
23
(17)
25.6
(18.8)
29.7
(21.9)
8.6
(17)
8.6
(17)
8.6
(17)
8.6
(17)
8.6
(17)
8.6
(17)
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
Data sheet
Typical average
flow at
80 bar (1160 psi).
APP1) pumps
- APP
1.5-3.5
4.
The diagram shows pressure differences across
4.
Flushing valve
the flushing
valve:
The diagram shows pressure difference across flushing valve
Flushing valve
4) Intermittent pressure is acceptable for less than
10 seconds per minute.
5) For speeds above 3000 rpm the pump must be
boosted at a pressure of 2-5 bar (29.0 - 72.5 psi).
2) For lower pressure, please contact Danfoss RO Sales Organization.
3) For higher pressure, please contact Danfoss RO Sales Organzation.
APP 1.5-3.5
flushing
characteristic
APP1.5-3.5
flushingvalve
valve characteristic
20
20
18
18
16
16
Flow[l/min]
Flow [l/min)
14
14
12
12
10
10
8
8
8
6
4
4
2
2
0
00
22
11
33
44
55
Pressure [bar]
[bar]
Pressure
2
5.
Flow at different rpm
DKCFN.PD.013.FA6.02
521B0850
Using the diagram shown below, it is easy to
select the pump which fits the application best if
the flow required and the rotation speed (rpm) of
5.
Flow at different rpm
the pump
are known.
Using the diagram shown below, it is easy to select the pump which fits the application best if the flow required and the rotation
speed (rpm) of the pump are known.
m³/h
4
APP3.5
3,5
APP3.0
3
APP2.5
2,5
APP2.2
APP1.8
2
APP1.5
1,5
1
0,5
0
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
3500
rpm
Furthermore, this diagram shows that the flow can be changed by changing the rotation speed of the pump. The flow/rpm ratio is
constant, and the “required “ flow can be obtained by changing the rotation speed to a corresponding value. Thus, the required rpm
Furthermore,
can
be determined as: this diagram shows that the flow
Required flow × Rated rpm
can be controlled by changing
therpm
rotation
Required
=
Rated flow
speed of the pump. The flow/rpm ratio is
6.constant,
Powerand
requirements
the “required“ flow can be
obtained
Pump model by changing the
Flow rotation speed to a
corresponding value. Thus, the required rpm
can
60 bar
be determined
as:
l/min
m /h
gpm
870 psi
25.11
APP1.5
30.17
APP1.8
Required
rpm26.78
=
46
70 bar
80 bar
rpm
Calc. factor
1015 psi
1160 psi
3.21 kW
3.75 kW
4.29 kW
2890
468.6
1.81 flow × Rated
7.97
3.86 kW
Required
rpm
4.51 kW
5.15 kW
3470
468.6
3
APP1.5
Pressure
1.51
1.61
1.93
Rated flow
6.63
7.07
3.43 kW
4.00 kW
4.57 kW
2890
463.2
8.50
4.12 kW
4.81 kW
5.49 kW
3470
463.2
468.6
APP1.8
32.18
APP2.2
33.48
2.01
8.84
4.29 kW
5.00 kW
5.71 kW
2900
APP2.2
40.22
2.41
10.63
5.15 kW
6.01 kW
6.87 kW
3480
468.6
APP2.5
41.94
2.52
11.08
5.07 kW
5.92 kW
6.77 kW
2900
484.8
180R9267
IOM 48.2
APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices
-12.7
v04 / 11.2013
521B0850
// DKCFN.PD.013.FA6.02
/ 09.2012
APP3.0
2.9
6.2 kW
7.2 kW
8.2 kW
2930
470.0
8.4 kW
9.6 kW
2930
470.0
APP3.5
56.0
3.4
14.8
7.2 kW
The power requirements can be determined using one of the following guiding equations:
Data sheet
6.
Power requirements
APP pumps - APP 1.5-3.5
Pump
model
Flow
APP 1.5
Pressure
60 bar
70 bar
80 bar
l/min
m3/h
gpm
870 psi
1015 psi
1160 psi
25.11
1.51
6.63
3.21 kW
3.75 kW
4.29 kW
rpm
Calc.
factor
2890
468.6
APP 1.5
30.17
1.81
7.97
3.86 kW
4.51 kW
5.15 kW
3470
468.6
APP 1.8
26.78
1.61
7.07
3.43 kW
4.00 kW
4.57 kW
2890
463.2
APP 1.8
32.18
1.93
8.50
4.12 kW
4.81 kW
5.49 kW
3470
463.2
APP 2.2
33.48
2.01
8.84
4.29 kW
5.00 kW
5.71 kW
2900
468.6
APP 2.2
40.22
2.41
10.63
5.15 kW
6.01 kW
6.87 kW
3480
468.6
APP 2.5
41.94
2.52
11.08
5.07 kW
5.92 kW
6.77 kW
2900
484.8
APP 3.0
48.2
2.9
12.7
6.2 kW
7.2 kW
8.2 kW
2930
470.0
APP 3.5
56.0
3.4
14.8
7.2 kW
8.4 kW
9.6 kW
2930
470.0
The power requirements can be determined using one of the following guiding equations:
Required power =
1 hp
1 kW
1 gpm
1 l/min
1 m3/h
1 gpm
7.
Temperature and
corrosion
7.1
=
=
=
=
=
=
l/min × bar
Calc. factor
[kW] or
16.7 × m3/h × bar
Calc. factor
[kW] or
0.26 × gpm × psi
Calc. factor
[kW]
0.75 kW
1.34 hp
3.79 l/min
0.26 gpm
4.40 gpm
0.23 m3/h
Operation
Fluid temperature:
+2° C to +50° C (+35.6° F to 122° F) dependent on
the NaCl concentration
The chart below illustrates the corrosive
resistance of different types of stainless steel
related to NaCl concentration and temperature.
All critical parts of the APP water pump is made
of Super Duplex.
180R9267 / DKCFN.PD.013.FA6.02
IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices
- v04 / 11.2013
521B0850
/ 09.2012
Ambient temperature:
+2° C to +50° C (+35.6° F to 122° F)
If the water pump is operated at high salinity,
always flush the water pump with fresh water at
operation stop in order to minimize the risk of
crevice corrosion.
7
5
Data sheet
APP pumps - APP 1.5-3.5
7.2
Storage
Storage temperature:
-40°C to +70°C (+40°F to 158°F) provided that
the pump is drained of fluid and stored
”plugged”.
8.
Noise level
The table indicates the approximate noise level
in dB(A) measured at a distance of 1 m from the
pump in a reverberation room.
Type
60 bar (870 psi) 1500 rpm
60 bar (870 psi) 3000 rpm
APP 1.5
75
76
APP 1.8
75
76
APP 2.2
75
76
APP 2.5
76
77
APP 3.0
72
77
APP 3.5
72
77
Generally, noise will be reduced if speed is
reduced and vice versa. Use flexible hoses in
order to minimize vibrations and noise.
Since the pump is typically mounted on a bell
housing or frame, the noise level must be
determined for the complete unit (system).
It is therefore very important that the motor/
pump unit is mounted correctly on a frame with
antivibration isolation to minimize vibrations and
noise.
9.
Filtration
As water has very low viscosity, the APP pumps
have been designed with very narrow clearance
in order to control internal leakage rates and
improve component performance. Therefore it is
important that the inlet water is filtered properly
to minimize the wear of the pump.
The main filter must have a filtration efficiency of
99.98% at 10 μm. We recommend to use precision
depth filter cartridges rated 10μm abs. ß10>5000
(equivalent to a filtration efficiency of 99.98%).
Bag filters and string wound filter cartridges
typically have only 50% filtration efficiency. This
means that for each 100,000 particles reaching
86
Frost protection is required at temperatures
below 2°C. Danfoss recommends to use DOWFROST from DOW Chemical Company or Chilsafe
mono propylene glycol from Arco Chemical
Company.
180R9267
IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices
- v04 / 11.2013
521B0850 / DKCFN.PD.013.FA6.02
/ 09.2012
The noise level is influenced by:
•
The speed of the pump, high rpm create
more noise than low rpm
•
Rigid mounting of the pump generates
more noise than flexible mounting
•
Pipe mounting direct to the pump
increases the noise level compared to a
flexible hose
the filter, 50,000 particles pass through it
compared to only 20 particles in a filter with an
efficiency of 99.98%.
For more information on the importance of
proper filtration, please consult our publication
“Filtration” (code number 521B1009), which also
will provide you with an explanation of filtration
definitions and a guidance on how to select the
right filter.
Data sheet
APP pumps - APP 1.5-3.5
10.
10.1 Pump
Dimensions
Description
A
B
Port position
Port position
C
D
E
Parallel key, DIN 6885
APP 1.5 - APP 3.5
mm
21.0
in
0.83
mm
21.0
in
0.83
mm
Ø 105
in
4.1
mm
166
in
6.5
mm
5 × 5 × 20
in
0.20 × 0.20 × 0.78
F
Bleeding
M6, Hexagon AF = 5 mm
I
Inlet connection
BSP G¾”; 15 (0.59) deep
O
Outlet connection
BSP G¾”; 17 (0.67) deep
Pump mounting flange
180R9267
IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices
- v04 / 11.2013
521B0850 / DKCFN.PD.013.FA6.02
/ 09.2012
SAE A 2
97
Data sheet
APP pumps - APP 1.5-3.5
10.2 Complete unit
11.
Installation
Pump
A
(mm)
B
(mm)
C
(mm)
D
(mm)
E
(mm)
F
(mm)
G
(mm)
H
(mm)
IEC Electric motor
APP 1.5
250
260
100
160
140
325
120
166
3.0 kW, IEC 100L-2
APP 1.8
250
290
112
190
140
340
120
166
4.0 kW, IEC 112M-2
APP 2.2
300
338
132
216
140
403
144
166
5.5 kW, IEC 132S1-2
APP 2.5
300
338
132
216
178
403
144
166
7.5 kW, IEC 132S2-2
APP 3.0
350
422
160
254
210
505
188
166
11 kW, IEC 160M1-2
APP 3.5
350
422
160
254
210
505
188
166
11 kW, IEC 160M1-2
11.1 Mounting
The figure below illustrates how to mount the
pump and connect it to electric motor/combustion engine.
A:
B:
C:
To ensure easy mounting of the flexible coupling
without using tools, the tolerances must be
dimensioned accordingly.
Note: Any axial and/or radial loads on the shaft
must be avoided.
Flexible coupling
Bell housing
Motor shaft
The pump should be connected to the rest of the
plant with flexible hoses.
If alternative mounting is required, please
contact Danfoss Sales Organization for further
information.
Min. 5 mm
A
10
8
B
180R9267
IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices
- v04 / 11.2013
521B0850 / DKCFN.PD.013.FA6.02
/ 09.2012
C
Data sheet
APP pumps - APP 1.5-3.5
11.2 Open-ended system with direct water
supply
In order to eliminate the risk of cavitation, a
positive inlet pressure is always to be maintained. Please see technical data (part 3.) for
specific pressure values.
1.
Place the filter (1) in the water supply line in
front of the pump.
2.
Place a monitoring pressure switch (2) - set
at min. inlet pressure - between filter and
pump inlet. The monitoring switch must
stop the pump at pressures lower than min.
inlet pressure. Please see technical data
(part 3.) for specific pressure values.
11.3 RO system with APP pump
1.
Dimension the inlet line to obtain minimum pressure loss (large flow, minimum
pipe length, minimum number of bends/
connections and fittings with small
pressure losses).
2.
Place an inlet filter (1) in front of the APP
pump (2). Please consult section 9,
“Filtration” for guidance on how to select
the right filter. Thoroughly clean pipes and
flush system prior to start-up.
3.
Place a monitoring pressure switch (3) set
at min. inlet pressure between filter and
pump inlet. The monitoring switch must
stop the pump at pressures lower than
minimum pressure.
4.
Use flexible hoses (4) to minimize vibrations
and noise.
5.
In order to eliminate the risk of damage
and cavitation, a positive pressure at the
inlet (5) is always to be maintained at min.
inlet pressure and max. inlet pressure.
180R9267
IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices
- v04 / 11.2013
521B0850 / DKCFN.PD.013.FA6.02
/ 09.2012
6.
For easy system bleeding and flushing, a
bypass non-return valve (6) is integrated in
the APP pump.
7.
A non-return valve (7) in outlet can be
installed in order to avoid backspin of the
pump. The volume of water in the
membrane vessel works as an accumulator
and will send flow backwards in case of the
pump stops momentarily.
8.
A safety valve (8) can be installed in order
to avoid system damage as the Danfoss
APP pump creates pressure and flow
immediately after start-up, regardless of
any counter-pressure.
119
Data sheet
APP pumps - APP 1.5-3.5
12.
12.1 Warranty
Danfoss APP pumps are designed for long
operation, low maintenance and reduced
lifecycle costs.
Service
12.3 Repair
In case of irregular function of the APP, please
contact the Danfoss RO Solutions Sales Organisation.
Provided that the pump has been running
according to the Danfoss specifications, Danfoss
guarantees 8,000 hours service-free operation,
however, max. 18 months from date of production.
If Danfoss recommendations concerning
system-design are not followed, it will strongly
influence the life of the APP pumps.
12.2 Maintenance
After 8,000 hours of operation it is strongly
recommended to inspect the pump and
change any worn parts, e.g. pistons and shaft
seal. This is done in order to prevent a potential
breakdown of the pump.
If the parts are not replaced, more frequent
inspection is recommended according to our
guidelines.
Standstill
The APP pumps are made of Duplex/Super
Duplex materials with excellent corrosion
properties. It is, however, always recommended
to flush the pump with freshwater when the
system is shut down.
Danfoss A/S
High Pressure Pumps
DK-6430 Nordborg
Denmark
Danfoss can accept no responsibility for possible errors in catalogues, brochures and other printed material. Danfoss reserves the right to alter its products without notice.
This also applies to products already on order provided that such alterations can be made without subsequential changes being necessary in specifications already agreed.
All trademarks in this material are property of the respective companies. Danfoss and the Danfoss logotype are trademarks of Danfoss A/S. All rights reserved.
12
10
180R9267
IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices
- v04 / 11.2013
521B0850 / DKCFN.PD.013.FA6.02
/ 09.2012
MAKING MODERN LIVING POSSIBLE
2. APP pump instruction
APP 0.6-3.5 (180R9065)
Instruction
APP pump instruction
APP 0.6-1.0, APP 1.5-2.5 and
APP 3.0-3.5
ro-solutions.com
Instruction
APP pump instruction APP 0.6-1.0, APP 1.5-2.5 and APP 3.0-3.5
APP pump instruction
APP 0.6-3.5 (180R9065)
1.
Identification
2.
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
System design
Open-ended systems with water supply from a tank
Open-ended systems with direct water supply
Problems with reversing pumps
General guidelines for calculation of pressure losses
General comments on
3.
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
Building up the pump unit
Mounting
Direction of rotation
Orientation
Protection from too high pressures
Connections
4.
Initial start-up
5.
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.5.1
5.5.2
Operation
Temperature
Pressure
Dry running
Disconnection
Storage
Open-ended systems with water supply from tank
Open-ended systems with direct water supply
6.
6.1
6.2
Service
Periodic maintenance
Repair
Table of Contents
14
2
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APP 1.5-3.5
Appendices - v04/ 09.2012
/ 11.2013
180R9065 // IOM
521B0733
/ DKCFN.PI.013.C4.2T
Instruction
1.
Identification
2.
System design
APP pump instruction APP 0.6-1.0, APP 1.5-2.5 and APP 3.0-3.5
The design of the system must ensure that self
emptying of the pump during standstill is
avoided.
The inlet pressure of the pump must never
exceed the outlet pressure. This may typically
occur in boosted or open-ended systems with
direct water supply.
2.2 Open-ended systems with direct water
supply
The pump is supplied with water direct from a
booster pump.
The water pressure must not exceed 5 bar abs.
(72.5 psi).
In order to avoid this it is recommended to install
a pre-stressed check valve or a pressure switch in
the pump inlet.
The opening pressure of the check valve must be
bigger or equal to the inlet pressure.
2.1
Open-ended systems with water supply
from a tank
(The numbers 1-3 refer to the drawing below.)
In order to eliminate the risk of cavitation,
observe the following guidelines:
1)
Place the tank above the pump (water level
in the tank should always be above the
pump).
2)
Place the inlet filter before the tank.
3)
Dimension the inlet line to obtain minimum pressure loss (large flow area,
minimum pipe length, minimum number
of bends/connections, fittings with small
pressure losses).
6 bar
[87 psi]
2.3 Problems with reversing pumps
If exposed to high pressure in the outlet while
the electric motor is not energized, the pumps
will start spinning backwards. This will not harm
the pumps as long as the pressure in the inlet
does not exceed the max. pressure of 5 bar.
If a non-return valve is mounted in the inlet line,
a low-pressure relief valve will also be required.
Alternatively a high-pressure check valve could
be mounted in the pump discharge line to
prevent the pump from reversing.
The dotted setup ensures that the inlet pressure
does not exceed the 5 bar abs., when a nonreturn valve is mounted in the inlet.
180R9267
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/ 11.2013
180R9065 // IOM
521B0733
/ DKCFN.PI.013.C4.2T
153
Instruction
APP pump instruction APP 0.6-1.0, APP 1.5-2.5 and APP 3.0-3.5
2.4 General guidelines for calculation of
pressure losses
In order to avoid the risk of cavitation, the inlet
pressure at the pump must be in accordance
with the specifications mentioned in Data
sheet (521B0850).
The inlet line connection must be properly
tightened, as possible entrance of air will cause
cavitation.
The suction conditions can be optimized
according to below guidelines.
In smooth pipes and hoses
In 90° bends
2.5 General comments on
Filtration
A good filtration is vital to ensure a long and
trouble free life of the pump.
When selecting a filter or strainer, please note
that filter materials should be compatible with
water, i.e. should neither corrode or dissolve. Also
be aware of the electrochemical series of the
applied materials.
Main filter must have a fineness of 10 μm abs.
ß 10 >5000. The pressure loss across the filter
should be monitored.
16
4
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APP 1.5-3.5
Appendices - v04/ 09.2012
/ 11.2013
180R9065 // IOM
521B0733
/ DKCFN.PI.013.C4.2T
Water tank
Must be made of corrosion-proof material such
as stainless steel or plastic and must be sealed to
prevent entrance of impurities from the environment.
Instruction
APP pump instruction APP 0.6-1.0, APP 1.5-2.5 and APP 3.0-3.5
Automatic pressure equalization between tank
and surroundings must be ensured.
Inlet from the water supply and inlet to the
pump should be placed in opposite ends of the
tank to calm and deaerate the water, and to
ensure optimum opportunity for particles to
settle.
Pump suction line should be placed relatively
high above the tank bottom in order to prevent
settled particles from being led into the pump.
We recommend a separation (“wall”) to separate
the inlet from the outlet end of the tank.
Monitoring
It is recommended to continuously monitor the
following conditions:
•
Water level in the tank
•
Filter contamination
•
Pressure (inlet- and outlet side of the
pump)
3.
Building up the pump
unit
3.1 Mounting
(Please also see hints in “Right and Wrong”)
If alternative mounting is desired, please contact
the Danfoss Sales Organization.
Choose proper tolerances to ensure an easy
mounting of the elastic coupling without use of
tools.
Please take care to observe the recommended
length tolerances of the chosen coupling, as an
axial force on the pump will damage the pump.
A
B
C
Elastic coupling
Ball housing
Motor shaft
A
B
C
max. 0.25 mm
max. 0.01 inch
3.2 Direction of rotation
Is indicated by means of an arrow at the inlet side
of the pump.
P
T
180R9267
APP 1.5-3.5
Appendices - v04/ 09.2012
/ 11.2013
180R9065 // IOM
521B0733
/ DKCFN.PI.013.C4.2T
Outlet
Inlet
175
Instruction
APP pump instruction APP 0.6-1.0, APP 1.5-2.5 and APP 3.0-3.5
3.3 Orientation
The pump can be mounted/oriented in any
horizontal direction. Vertically only with the shaft
pointing upwards.
3.4 Protection from too high pressures
The pump should be protected against too high
pressure by means of a pressure relief valve or a
bypass/unloading valve placed on the pressure
side.
The valve should be placed as close to the pump
as possible. The opening characteristics of the
valve must not result in peak pressures higher
than 200 bar (2900 psi).
The valve outlet must not be connected
directly to the pump suction line. It shall be
connected directly to the tank.
3.5 Connections
P
T
C
D
APP 0.6-1.0
Pressure
Tank
Bleeding
Parallel key 5 × 5 × 20,
DIN 6885
APP 1.5-2.5 and APP 3.0-3.5
P
T
C
P
T
C
Thread size
G 1/2 × 15
G 1/2 × 15
M6 Hexagon
NV 4
G 1/2 × 15
G 3/4 × 17
G 1/4, NV 6
14 deep
Max tighten
torque
25 Nm
18 (lbf ft)
25 Nm
18 (lbf ft)
5 Nm
3.5 (lbf ft)
25 Nm
18 (lbf ft)
25 Nm
18 (lbf ft)
15 Nm
11 (lbf ft)
Recommended torque values refer to steel washers containing a rubber sealing element.
618
180R9267 / 521B0733
IOM APP 1.5-3.5
Appendices - v04
/ 11.2013
180R9065
/ DKCFN.PI.013.C4.2T
/ 09.2012
Instruction
APP pump instruction APP 0.6-1.0, APP 1.5-2.5 and APP 3.0-3.5
4.
Before start-up, loosen the top bleeding plug “C”.
When water appears from the bleeding plug,
retighten the plug. With its inlet line connected
to the water supply or the tank, the pump is now
started with open outlet port.
Initial start-up
At the initial start of the system, the pump
should be run without pressure for about
5 minutes, thus removing possible impurities
from pipes, hoses, etc. However, the system
should be flushed before start-up – without the
connected pump.
WARNING:
Make sure that the direction of rotation of the
electric motor corresponds to the direction of
rotation of the pump. Otherwise the pump will
be damaged if a check valve is placed between
pump and tank.
5.
Operation
5.1
Temperature
Fluid temperature:
Min. +3° C to max. +50° C
Ambient temperature:
Min. 0° C to max. 50° C
In case of lower operating temperatures, please
contact the Danfoss Sales Organization.
5.2 Pressure
The inlet pressure must be min. 0.9 bar (13 psi)
and max. 5 bar (72.5 psi) abs. At lower pressures
the pump will cavitate, resulting in damage to
the pump.
Max. pressure on the pump’s outlet line should
be limited at 80 bar (1160 psi) continuously.
Short-term pressure peaks (e.g. in connection
with closing of a valve) of up to 100 bar (1450 psi)
are acceptable.
NB:
The pump unit should include a pressure
gauge on the high pressure side.
5.3 Dry running
When running, the pump must always be
connected to the water supply in order to avoid
damage if it should run dry.
5.5 Storage
Storage temperature:
Min. -40° C to max. +70° C
When preparing the pump for long-term storage
or for temperatures below the freezing point,
flush the pump with an anti-freeze medium type
monopropylene glycol to prevent internal
corrosion or frost in the pump.
For further information on anti-freeze media,
please contact the Danfoss Sales Organization.
Recommended procedure:
5.5.1 Open-ended systems with water supply
from tank
1.
Empty the tank of water and empty the
pump housing through the lower bleeding
plug. When the pump is empty, retighten
the plug.
2.
Through the upper bleeding plug, fill the
pump housing with anti-freeze medium.
Pour anti-freeze medium into the tank.
Connect a hose to the outlet of the pump
and lead the other end of the hose back to
tank.
3.
Quickly start and stop the pump. Make sure
that the pump does not run dry. The pump
is now protected against internal corrosion
and frost.
In systems with water tank it is recommended to
build in a level gauge in the tank to avoid the risk
of running dry.
5.4 Disconnection
If the inlet line is disconnected from the water
supply, the pump will be emptied of water
through the disconnected inlet line.
When starting up again, follow the bleeding
procedure described under section 4: Initial start
up.
180R9267 / IOM
APP 1.5-3.5
Appendices - v04
/ 11.2013
180R9065
521B0733
/ DKCFN.PI.013.C4.2T
/ 09.2012
19
7
Instruction
APP pump instruction APP 0.6-1.0, APP 1.5-2.5 and APP 3.0-3.5
5.5.2 Open-ended systems with direct water
supply
1.
Disconnect the water supply to the pump.
2.
Through the lower bleeding plug, empty
the pump housing of water and close it
again.
3.
Connect the pump to a tank of e.g. 25 litre
6 gal. of anti-freeze additive. Connect a
6.
Service
6.1 Periodic maintenance
The APP pump is designed so that lubrication
follows from the water itself and there is thus no
oil in the pump.
4.
hose to the inlet port of the pump and via
another hose return the flow from the
outlet port to the tank with anti-freeze
additives.
Quickly start and stop the pump. Make sure
that the pump does not run dry. The pump
is now protected against internal corrosion
and frost.
6.2 Repair
In case of irregular function in the pump, please
contact the Danfoss Sales Organisation.
The pump requires no periodic replacements of
seals and valve parts.
Danfoss A/S
High Pressure Pumps
DK-6430 Nordborg
Denmark
Danfoss can accept no responsibility for possible errors in catalogues, brochures and other printed material. Danfoss reserves the right to alter its products without notice.
This also applies to products already on order provided that such alterations can be made without subsequential changes being necessary in specifications already agreed.
All trademarks in this material are property of the respective companies. Danfoss and the Danfoss logotype are trademarks of Danfoss A/S. All rights reserved.
20
8
180R9267
APP 1.5-3.5
Appendices - v04/ 09.2012
/ 11.2013
180R9065 // IOM
521B0733
/ DKCFN.PI.013.C4.2T
3. IOM Electric motors
(180R9230)
Electric Motors
Motor Manual
hoyermotors.com
Manual
180R9262 / IOM APP 0.6-1.0 Appendices - v01 / 09.2012
21
Motor Manual
1. General
This manual concerns the following types of standard
induction motors from Hoyer:
HMA2, HMC2, HMD, HMT, MS, Y2E1, Y2E2, YDT
These motors are manufactured in accordance with IEC/EN
60034-4 and IEC/EN 60072.
Motors are rated for the ambient temperature range -20°C
to +40°C and site altitudes ≤1000 m above sea level.
Low-voltage motors are components for installation in
machinery. They are CE marked according to the Low
Voltage Directive 2006/95/EC
2. Transport and storage
Check the motor for external damage immediately upon
receipt and, if found, inform the forwarding agent right
away. Check all rating plate data, and compare it with the
requirement of the motor.
Turn the shaft by hand to check free rotation, remove
transport locking if used.
Transport locking must be used again for internal transport
also. It is also important that transport locking is used when
motors are transported mounted on equipment.
All motors should be stored indoors, in dry, vibration- and
dust-free conditions.
Lifting eyebolts must be tightened before use. Damaged
eyebolts must not be used, check before use. Lifting eyes at
motor must not be used to lift the motor when it is attached
to other equipment.
Before commissioning, measure the insulation impedance.
If values are ≤ 10MΩ at 25°C, the winding must be oven dried.
The insulation resistance reference is halved for each 20°C
rise in motor temperature.
It is recommended that shafts are rotated periodically by
hand to prevent grease migration.
3. Installation
The motor must be fixed on a stable, clear and flat foundation. It must be sufficiently rigid to withstand possible short
circuit forces.
It is important to ensure that the mounting conditions do
not cause resonance with the rotational frequency and the
doubled supply frequency.
Only mount or remove drive components (pulley, coupling,
etc.) using suitable tools, never hit the drive components
with a hammer as this will cause damage to the bearing.
The motor are balancing with half key, ensure that the drive
components are also the same.
2
22
Correct alignment is essential to avoid bearing, vibration
and shaft failure.
Use appropriate methods for alignment.
Re-check the alignment after the final tightening of the
bolts or studs.
Check that drain holes and plugs face downwards. We
recommend opening the drain hole for motors placed
outdoors and not running 24 hours / day, so that the motor
can breathe, thus ensuring a dry motor.
4. Electrical connection
Work is only permitted to be carried out by qualified
specialists and must to be carried out in accordance with
local regulations.
Before work commences, ensure that all power is switched
off and cannot be switched on again. This also applies to the
auxiliary power circuits, e.g. anti-condense heaters.
Check that supply voltage and frequency are the same as
rated data.
Motors can be used with a supply deviation of ± 5% voltage
and ± 2% frequency, according to IEC60034-1
Connection diagrams for main supply and accessory as PTC
or heater are located inside the terminal box.
Connections must be made in such a way as to ensure that
a permanently safe electrical connection is maintained,
both for the main supply and the earth connection.
We recommend that crimped connections are made in
accordance with IEC 60352-2.
Tightening torques for terminal board screws:
Thread
M5
M6
M8
M10
M12
M16
M20
T.(Nm)
2.5
3.5
7
12
18
35
55
Ensure that the terminal box is clean and dry.
Unused glands must be closed.
Check the terminal box gasket before it is remounted.
5. Maintenance
Inspect the motor at regular intervals, keep it clean and
ensure free ventilation air flow, check the condition of
shaft seals and replace if necessary. Both electrical and
mechanical connections must be checked and tightened if
necessary.
Hoyer Motors, Motor Manual,
October
180R9267
/ IOM 2011
APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices - v04 / 11.2013
Motor Manual
Bearing size and type are specified on the rating plate.
Motor types HMA2 and HMC2 is as standard with lifetime
greased bearing with motor size ≤225.
Motor types MS and Y2E is as standard with lifetime greased
bearing with motor size ≤160.
The table values are based on an ambient temperature of
25°C. The values must be halved for every 15K increase in
bearing temperature.
Higher speed operations, e.g. frequency converter drive will
require shorter greasing intervals. Typically, doubling the
speed will reduce the values by 50%.
Typical duty hours for lifetime lubricated bearings.
Frame size
Poles
Typical lifetime
56 – 160
2–8
40.000h
180
2
35.000h
200
2
27.000h
225
2
23.000h
180 – 225
4–8
40.000h
6. Special note for Atex Zone 22 motors.
Notice for the use of electrical equipment in areas with
combustible dust.
Designation of motor according to EC directive:
Ex II 3D T125°C, IP55.
Motors with a re-greasing system must be lubricated with
high quality lithium complex grease, NLGI grade 2 or 3, with
a temperature range of between -40°C to +150°C.
Motors are normal fitted with a data plate with greasing
information; if it is missing use the following re-greasing
intervals.
Frame
size
Grease
(g)
2 pole
(h)
4 pole
(h)
6 pole
(h)
8 pole
(h)
160
20
4200
7000
8500
8500
180
20
4200
7000
8500
8500
200
25
3100
6500
8500
8500
225
25
3100
6500
8500
8500
250
35
2000
6000
7000
7000
280
35
2000
6000
7000
7000
315
50
1500
5500
6500
6500
355
60
1000
4000
5000
6000
400
80
800
3000
4000
6000
Grease the motor while running, open the grease outlet plug
and let the motor run 1-2 hours before the outlet grease
plug is closed again.
Grease the motor for the first time during commissioning.
The following applies in general for both lifetime lubricated
and re-lubricated bearings:
At 60Hz the time will be reduced by app. 20%.
Data for vertically mounted motors are half of the above
values.
The dust hazardous 3-phase asynchronous motors are
in accordance with European standard EN 50281-1-1.
Combustible dust areas will be found in agricultural areas
and in industrial environments.
Only one electrical installation may be installed in one
specified area (zone).
Only certificated cable glands for category 2D may be used.
Unused glands must be closed.
Connections must be made in such a way as to ensure that
a permanently safe electrical connection is maintained,
both for the main supply and earth connection.
Installations must be in accordance with actual standards
for installation in the Zone 22 area.
It is recommended that EN 50281-2 is followed according
temperature and dust on the motor surface.
The use of motors with so much surface dust that the
motor temperature increases is not permitted.
Regularly cleaning is recommended.
The radial shaft sealing ring is part of the ATEX certification.
It is important that the ring is always intact.
The shaft sealing must be regularly checked, and if dry
it must be lubricated. It is recommended that the seal is
re-lubricated regularly.
Always use the original seal ring when replaced.
Replacing bearings also means replacing the seals.
All machines must be inspected regularly for mechanical
damage.
The user is responsible for changing parts in accordance
with the lifetime of parts, in particular:
bearings, grease and lubrication of shaft sealing.
Maintenance, repairs and replacement on zone 22 motors
must only be carried out by qualified specialists.
180R9267 / IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices - v04 / 11.2013
Hoyer Motors, Motor Manual, October 2011
3
23
Motor Manual
IOM electromotor - Hoyermotors
1. General
This manual concerns the following types of standard
induction motors from Hoyer:
HMA2, HMC2, HMD, HMT, MS, Y2E1, Y2E2, YDT
These motors are manufactured in accordance with IEC/EN
60034-4 and IEC/EN 60072.
Motors are rated for the ambient temperature range -20°C
to +40°C and site altitudes ≤1000 m above sea level.
Low-voltage motors are components for installation in
machinery. They are CE marked according to the Low
Voltage Directive 2006/95/EC
2. Transport and storage
Check the motor for external damage immediately upon
receipt and, if found, inform the forwarding agent right
away. Check all rating plate data, and compare it with the
requirement of the motor.
Turn the shaft by hand to check free rotation, remove
transport locking if used.
Transport locking must be used again for internal transport
also. It is also important that transport locking is used when
motors are transported mounted on equipment.
All motors should be stored indoors, in dry, vibration- and
dust-free conditions.
Lifting eyebolts must be tightened before use. Damaged
eyebolts must not be used, check before use. Lifting eyes at
motor must not be used to lift the motor when it is attached
to other equipment.
Before commissioning, measure the insulation impedance.
If values are ≤ 10MΩ at 25°C, the winding must be oven dried.
The insulation resistance reference is halved for each 20°C
rise in motor temperature.
It is recommended that shafts are rotated periodically by
hand to prevent grease migration.
3. Installation
The motor must be fixed on a stable, clear and flat foundation. It must be sufficiently rigid to withstand possible short
circuit forces.
It is important to ensure that the mounting conditions do
not cause resonance with the rotational frequency and the
doubled supply frequency.
Only mount or remove drive components (pulley, coupling,
etc.) using suitable tools, never hit the drive components
with a hammer as this will cause damage to the bearing.
The motor are balancing with half key, ensure that the drive
components are also the same.
4
2
24
Correct alignment is essential to avoid bearing, vibration
and shaft failure.
Use appropriate methods for alignment.
Re-check the alignment after the final tightening of the
bolts or studs.
Check that drain holes and plugs face downwards. We
recommend opening the drain hole for motors placed
outdoors and not running 24 hours / day, so that the motor
can breathe, thus ensuring a dry motor.
4. Electrical connection
Work is only permitted to be carried out by qualified
specialists and must to be carried out in accordance with
local regulations.
Before work commences, ensure that all power is switched
off and cannot be switched on again. This also applies to the
auxiliary power circuits, e.g. anti-condense heaters.
Check that supply voltage and frequency are the same as
rated data.
Motors can be used with a supply deviation of ± 5% voltage
and ± 2% frequency, according to IEC60034-1
Connection diagrams for main supply and accessory as PTC
or heater are located inside the terminal box.
Connections must be made in such a way as to ensure that
a permanently safe electrical connection is maintained,
both for the main supply and the earth connection.
We recommend that crimped connections are made in
accordance with IEC 60352-2.
Tightening torques for terminal board screws:
Thread
M5
M6
M8
M10
M12
M16
M20
T.(Nm)
2.5
3.5
7
12
18
35
55
Ensure that the terminal box is clean and dry.
Unused glands must be closed.
Check the terminal box gasket before it is remounted.
5. Maintenance
Inspect the motor at regular intervals, keep it clean and
ensure free ventilation air flow, check the condition of
shaft seals and replace if necessary. Both electrical and
mechanical connections must be checked and tightened if
necessary.
Hoyer Motors, Motor Manual, October 2011
180R9267 / IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices - v04 / 11.2013
180R9230 / 521B1189 / DKCFN.PI.000.A1.02 / 10.2011
180R9267 / IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices - v04 / 11.2013
25
SVEND HØYER A/S
Chains · Gears · Motors
Tlf. (+45) 86 98 21 11
Main office:
Svend Høyer A/S
Over Hadstenvej 42 · DK 8370 Hadsten
Tel. (+45) 86 98 21 11 · Fax (+45) 86 98 17 79
E-mail: [email protected] · http://www.svendhoyer.dk
Sverige:
Svend Høyer AB
Malmövägen 18 · S-331 42 Värnamo
Tel. (+46) 37 04 77 13 · Fax (+46) 37 01 00 46
E-mail: [email protected] · http://www.svendhoyer.se
Norge:
Svend Høyer AS
Torvet 1 · N-3256 Larvik
Tel. (+47) 33 18 00 11 · Faks: (+47) 33 18 00 13
e-mail: [email protected] · http://www.svendhoyer.no
Deutschland:
Svend Höyer A/S
Over Hadstenvej 42 · DK 8370 Hadsten
Tlf. 0800 1890415 · Fax (+45) 87 61 21 19
E-mail: [email protected] · http://www.svendhoyer.de
motorinA5-10 OUTL.indd 40
16/11/05 11:58:16
Svend Hoyer A/S · Over Hadstenvej 42 · DK-8370 Hadsten
T +45 86 98 21 11 · F +45 86 98 17 79 · [email protected] · svendhoyer.com
MAKING MODERN LIVING POSSIBLE
4. Recommended service
intervals for APP pumps
(180R9199)
Instruction
Recommended service intervals
for APP pumps
ro-solutions.com
Instruction
Recommended service intervals for APP pumps
Table of Contents
1.
General information
Recommended service
intervals for APP pumps
(180R9199)
2.
Design/features
3.
Appendix 1
1.
General information
This guideline provides information on the
recommended service intervals. The recommendation is based upon good engineering practice
and on experience gained from operation even
under extreme conditions.
The recommendation is for guidance only.
2.
Design/features
Danfoss APP pumps are designed for long
operation and low maintenance and life cycle
costs.
If the Danfoss recommendations concerning
system-design (see our data sheet) are not
followed, the service life of the APP pumps might
be affected.
Danfoss guarantees 8,000 hours service free
operation, however max. 18 months from date of
production. After 8,000 operation hours it is
recommended to inspect the pump and replace
worn parts, if any.
Pos.
Qty.
Description
Material
Service interval
1
1
Housing, main bearing
Duplex, PEEK
No need for service
11, 125,
211*
1
Mounting flange/
end flange
Wetted part: Duplex
Dry part: AISI 316L
No wear part
121, 181*
1
Port flange
Duplex
No wear part
31
1
Swash plate
Super Duplex
40,000 hours
66
5/7/9
Piston
Super Duplex and PEEK
Recommended inspection
on a yearly basis and
evaluated acc. to app. 1
92
1
Valve plate
Super Duplex
24,000 hours
91
1
Port plate
Super Duplex, PEEK
24,000 hours
61
1
Cylinder barrel
Super Duplex
40,000 hours
65
1
Retainer plate
Super Duplex
24,000 hours
64
1
Retainer ball
Super Duplex
40,000 hours
71
1
Retainer guide
Super Duplex
40,000 hours
62
1/4
Spring
Duplex
40,000 hours
63
1
Spring guide
Duplex or PP
40,000 hours
142
1
Stop for shaft seal
PP
No wear part
124, 215*
1
Shaft seal
Hastelloy and NBR
It is good practice to
change the seal after each
disassembly of the pump
125
1
Cover/flange for shaft seal
Super Duplex
No wear part
93
5/7/9
Back-up ring
PTFE
24,000 hours
*
O-ring (overall)
NBR
24,000 hours
*
Screw (overall)
AISI 316
No wear part
*
*
28
2
The recommended service intervals on the
different parts in the APP pumps appear from the
table below:
Pin (overall)
AISI 316, Duplex or PEEK
No wear part
152
1
Valve cone (flushing valve)
Duplex or PEEK
40,000 hours
3, 129*
2
Bleeding screw
Duplex
No wear part
67
1
Key
AISI 316
40,000 hours
depends on pump size
180R9267
APP 1.5-3.5
Appendices - v04
/ 11.2013
180R9199 / IOM
521B1135
/ DKCFN.PI.013.C1.02
/ 01.2013
Instruction
Recommended service intervals for APP pumps
3.
Pistons:
The pistons are the heart of the pump regarding
service.
Appendix 1
If the pistons break down, the pump will suffer a
breakdown.
In case of doubt - the pistons must be replaced.
The pictures below is ment as a guideline for
evaluating the wear of the sliding surface.
Cavitation of the piston shoes.
New inspection is required in 3,000-4,000 hours.
Cavitation of the piston shoes.
All pistons must be replaced within the next
500-1,000 hours.
Cavitation of the piston shoes.
All pistons must be replaced within the next
100-200 hours.
Cavitation of the piston shoes.
All pistons must be replaced immediately.
Abrasive wear of the piston shoes.
All pistons must be replaced immediately.
180R9267
APP 1.5-3.5
Appendices - v04
/ 11.2013
180R9199 / IOM
521B1135
/ DKCFN.PI.013.C1.02
/ 01.2013
293
Instruction
Recommended service intervals for APP pumps
Danfoss A/S
High Pressure Pumps
DK-6430 Nordborg
Denmark
Danfoss can accept no responsibility for possible errors in catalogues, brochures and other printed material. Danfoss reserves the right to alter its products without notice.
This also applies to products already on order provided that such alterations can be made without subsequential changes being necessary in specifications already agreed.
All trademarks in this material are property of the respective companies. Danfoss and the Danfoss logotype are trademarks of Danfoss A/S. All rights reserved.
4
30
180R9199 / IOM
521B1135
/ DKCFN.PI.013.C1.02
/ 01.2013
180R9267
APP 1.5-3.5
Appendices - v04
/ 11.2013
MAKING MODERN LIVING POSSIBLE
5. APP parts list
(521B0941)
Parts list
APP Pumps
1.5-3.5/ APM 0.8-2.9 /
APP 0.6-43
APMW
1.8-2.9
APP
5.1- 10.2
APP 1.5-3.5
ro-solutions.com
Parts list
APP 0.6-43 / APM 0.8-2.9 / APP W 5.1-10.2
Table of Contents
1.
General
Parts list APP 21-43
(521B0941)
2.
Parts list APP 0.6 - 1.0 Compact
3.
Exploded view APP 0.6 - 1.0 Compact
4.
Parts list APP 0.6 - 1.0 and APM 0.8 - 1.2
5.
Exploded view APP 0.6 - 1.0 and APM 0.8 - 1.2
6.
Parts list APP 1.5 - 2.5 and APM 1.8 - 2.9
7.
Exploded view APP 1.5 - 2.5 and APM 1.8 - 2.9
8.
Parts list APP 3.0 - 3.5
9.
Exploded view APP 3.0 - 3.5
10.
Parts list APP 5.1 - 10.2
11.
Exploded view APP 5.1 - 10.2
12.
Parts list APP W 5.1 - 10.2
13.
Exploded view APP W 5.1 - 10.2
14.
Parts list APP 11 - 13
15.
Exploded view APP 11 - 13
16.
Parts list APP 16 - 19
17.
Exploded view APP 16 - 19
18.
Parts list APP 22
19.
Exploded view APP 22
20.
Parts list APP 21 - 26
21.
Exploded view APP 21 - 26
22.
Parts list APP 30 - 43
23.
Exploded view APP 30/1200 and APP 43/1700
24.
Tool sets
32
2
180R9267 / DKCFN.PC.073.A13.02
IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices
- v04 / 11.2013
521B0941
/ 10.2013
Not included
Parts list
PAHT and PAHT G pumps
1.
This parts list provides an overview of the
content of the various service sets for the
General
•
•
PAHT 2-6.3
PAHT G 2-6.3
•
•
PAHT 10-12.5
PAHT G 10-12.5
•
•
PAHT 20-32
PAHT G 20-32
•
•
PAHT 50-90
PAHT G 50-90
•
•
PAHT 256-308
PAHT G 256-308
as well as exploded views of the pumps.
180R9267 / IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices - v04 / 11.2013
521B1237 / DKCFN.PY.011.A1.02 / 10.2013
33
3
6.
Note:
The parts listed are not sold separately, only in
various kits
Super Duplex / PEEK
62
1
Spring
Duplex
x
x
63
1
Spring guide
PEEK
x
x
64
1
Retainer ball
Super Duplex
x
x
65
1
Retainer plate
Super Duplex
x
x
66
5
Piston
Super Duplex / PEEK
67
1
Key (5x5x20)
AISI 316
91
1
Port plate
Super Duplex / PEEK
x
x
92
1
Valve plate
Super Duplex
x
x
93
5
Back-up ring
PTFE
x
x
x
94
5
O-ring (Ø13x2)
NBR
x
x
x
121
1
Port flange
Duplex
122
1
O-ring (Ø83x2)
NBR
x
123
1
O-ring (Ø40x2)
NBR
x
124
1
Shaft seal
AISI 316 / NBR
x
1
Mounting flange
Wetted part: PP
Dry part: AISI 316
126
1
Pin (Ø6x10)
PEEK
x
127
4
Screw (M6x45)
AISI 316
x
128
2
Screw (M6x16)
AISI 316
x
129
2
Bleeding plug
Duplex
x
152
1
Valve cone
PEEK
x
153
1
Spring
Duplex
x
154
1
Plug/guide
Duplex
x
155
1
O-ring (Ø11.11x1.78)
NBR
1
Instruction
1
Housing
Duplex / PEEK
180R9267 / DKCFN.PC.073.A13.02
IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices
- v04 / 11.2013
521B0941
/ 10.2013
180B4147 – Seal set (APP 1.5-3.5)
Material
1
125
34
8
Designation
180B4136 – Flushing valve set (APP 1.5 - 3.5)
AISI 316
Cylinder barrel
Qnt.
180B4143 – Piston set (APP 1.5-2.5)
Pin (Ø4x14)
1
Pos.
180F4007 – Valve plate set (APM 1.8 - 2.9)
1
Exploded view, see next page.
180B4145 – Valve plate set (APP 1.5-2.5)
2
61
Parts for APM 1.8-2.9 are equivalent to the
parts for APP 1.5-2.5 except for the valve plate
sets.
180B4146 – Cylinder barrel set (APP 1.5-2.5)
Parts list
APP 1.5 - 2.5 and
APM 1.8 - 2.9
180B4144 – Retainer set (APP 2.2-2.5 - APM 2.5-2.9)
APP 0.6-43 / APM 0.8-2.9 / APP W 5.1-10.2
180B4177 – Retainer set (APP 1.5-1.8 - APM 1.8-2.0)
Parts list
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Parts list
[8.85 lbf ft
± 2.21 lbf ft]
[2.95 lbf ft ± 0.74 lbf ft]
Exploded view
APP 1.5 - 2.5 and APM 1.8 - 2.9
[2.95 lbf ft
± 0.74 lbf ft]
7.
APP 0.6-43 / APM 0.8-2.9 / APP W 5.1-10.2
180R9267
IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices
- v04 / 11.2013
521B0941 / DKCFN.PC.073.A13.02
/ 10.2013
35
9
10
Housing
Duplex / PEEK
2
1
Pin (Ø4x14)
AISI 316
31
1
Swash plate
Super Duplex
x
x
32
1
Centre bolt
Duplex
x
x
33
1
Pin (Ø6x10)
PEEK
x
x
61
1
Cylinder barrel
Super Duplex / PEEK
62
1
Spring
Duplex
x
63
1
Spring guide
PEEK
x
64
1
Retainer ball
Super Duplex
x
65
1
Retainer plate
Super Duplex
x
66
7
Piston
Super Duplex / PEEK
67
1
Key (5x5x20)
AISI 316
91
1
Port plate
Super Duplex / PEEK
x
92
1
Valve plate
Super Duplex
x
93
7
Back-up ring
PTFE
x
x
94
7
O-ring (Ø13x2.0)
NBR
x
x
121
1
Port flange
Duplex
122
1
O-ring (Ø83x2)
NBR
x
123
1
O-ring (Ø40x2)
NBR
x
124
1
Shaft seal
AISI 316 / NBR
x
Qnt.
Designation
Material
x
x
x
x
x
125
1
Mounting flange
Wetted parts: PP
Dry parts: AISI 316L
126
1
Pin (Ø4x9)
PEEK
x
127
4
Screw (M6x45)
AISI 316
x
128
2
Screw (M6x16)
AISI 316
x
129
2
Bleeding plug
Duplex
x
130
2
O-ring (Ø4.5x1.5)
NBR
x
152
1
Valve cone
PEEK
x
153
1
Spring
Duplex
x
154
1
Plug/guide
Duplex
x
155
1
O-ring (Ø11.11x1.78)
NBR
Instruction
36
180B4136 – Flushing valve set (APP 3.5)
180B4135 – Swash plate set (APP 3.5)
1
Pos.
180B4149 – Piston set (APP 3.0-3.5)
1
Exploded view, see next page.
180B4153 – Seal set (APP 3.0-3.5)
180B4134 – Swash plate set (APP 3.0)
Note:
The parts listed are not sold separately, only in
various kits.
Parts list
APP 3.0 - 3.5
180B4150 – Retainer set (APP 3.0-3.5)
8.
180B4151 – Valve plate set (APP 3.0-3.5)
APP 0.6-43 / APM 0.8-2.9 / APP W 5.1-10.2
180B4152 – Cylinder barrel set (APP 3.0-3.5)
Parts list
/ IOM APP 1.5-3.5
Appendices - v04 / 11.2013
521B0941180R9267
/ DKCFN.PC.073.A13.02
/ 10.2013
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Parts list
[2.95 lbf ft ± 0.74 lbf ft]
[8.85 lbf ft ± 0.74 lbf ft]
[5.90 lbf ft ± 0.74 lbf ft]
Exploded view
APP 3.0 - 3.5
[8.85 lbf ft ± 2.21 lbf ft]
[2.95 lbf ft ± 0.74 lbf ft]
9.
APP 0.6-43 / APM 0.8-2.9 / APP W 5.1-10.2
180R9267 / DKCFN.PC.073.A13.02
IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices
- v04 / 11.2013
521B0941
/ 10.2013
37
11
24. Tool sets
Note:
The parts listed are not sold
separately, only in various kits.
x
Shaft bush (Ø35)
x
Shaft seal extractor (Ø35)
x
x
Press bush (Ø35)
x
x
Adjustable pin wrench
x
Combination wrench (10 mm)
x
x
Press bush (Ø18)
x
x
Allen key (4 mm)
x
180B4172 – Tool set (APP 21-43)
x
180B4222 – Tool set (APP 16-22)
Shaft bush (Ø18)
180B4230 – Tool set (APP 11-13)
180B4148 – Tool set (APP 1.5-3.5)
Allen key (6 mm)
180B4142 – Tool set (APP 0.6-1.0)
180B4162 – Tool set (APP 5.1-10.2)
APP 0.6-43 / APM 0.8-2.9 / APP W 5.1-10.2
180B4188 – Tool set (APP 0.6-1.0 Compact)
Parts list
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Combination wrench (13 mm)
x
x
x
Nut (M8x6.5x13)
x
x
x
Guide bolt (M8x140)
x
Designation
Shaft bush
x
Press bush
x
Drift
x
Torx (T30)
x
Allen key (5 mm)
x
x
Shaft seal extractor (Ø45)
x
x
Press bush (Ø45)
x
x
Eye bolt (M8)
x
Press bush for valve plate
x
x
Stop for retainer plate
Screw (M8x20)
Screw (M8x70)
Danfoss A/S
High Pressure Pumps
DK-6430 Nordborg
Denmark
Danfoss can accept no responsibility for possible errors in catalogues, brochures and other printed material. Danfoss reserves the right to alter its products without notice.
This also applies to products already on order provided that such alterations can be made without subsequential changes being necessary in specifications already agreed.
All trademarks in this material are property of the respective companies. Danfoss and the Danfoss logotype are trademarks of Danfoss A/S. All rights reserved.
38
26
180R9267 / DKCFN.PC.073.A13.02
IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices
- v04 / 11.2013
521B0941
/ 10.2013
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
MAKING MODERN LIVING POSSIBLE
6.
Trouble shooting guide
Guideline
Trouble shooting guide
for APP and APP S 674 pumps
ro-solutions.com
Instruction
Trouble shooting guide for APP and APP S 674 pumps
Table of Contents
Trouble shooting fish bone chart
Trouble shooting guide for
APP and APP S 674 pumps
1.
No flow/no pressure
2.
Reduced flow/reduced pressure
3.
High torque on electric motor
4.
Noise from pump
5.
Noise from installation
6.
6.1
6.2
6.3
Typical signs of wear
Valve plate
Port plate
Swash plate
240
180R9267 / IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices - v04 / 11.2013
06.2013
180R9267 / IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices - v04 / 11.2013
06.2013
3.4 Water pump damage
3.3 Constant torque
3. High torque on el. motor
4.7 Soft start/stop
4.6 Outlet pressure
4.5 High rotation speed (RPM)
4.4 Pump reversing
4.3 Min/max nominal
inlet pressure
4. Noise from pump
4.2 Bleeding conditions of pump
4.1 Air in fluid
5.4 Hoses/pipes mounted
directly on frame
5.3 Hose stiffness
5.2 Length/dimensions of
inlet/outlet line
5. Noise from installation
5.1 Inlet/outlet connections
(hoses/pipes)
2.3 RPM
2.2 Low inlet pressure
5.5 Vibration damper under the
electric motor
2.1.8 High fluid temperature
2.1.7 Fluid type
2.1 Wear in pump
(internal leakage)
2.1.6 Main filtration
2.1.5 Pre-treatment
2. Reduced flow/pressure
PUMP FAILED
Trouble shooting
fish bone chart
3.2 Pump starts against pressure
3.1 Too high outlet pressure
from pump
1.6 Pump damage
1.5 Axial force on pump shaft
1.4 No rotation of pump
1.3 No rotation of electric motor
1.2 Pump reversing
1.1 Dry running
1. No flow/pressure
Instruction
Trouble shooting guide for APP and APP S 674 pumps
41
3
Instruction
1.
Trouble shooting guide for APP and APP S 674 pumps
No flow/no pressure
Cause
Remedy
Comments
1.1 Dry running
(no water supply to the pump)
If no water comes out of the pump:
Mount a low pressure switch in front of the
pump and check its set point/ function. The low
pressure switch ensures that the pump does
not start until the inlet pressure has reachedminimum inlet pressure (see User manual).
1.2 Pump reversing
(electric motor is running the wrong direction,
i.e. counter-clockwise)
1.2.1 Change the phase on the electric motor to
make it run clockwise.
1.3 No rotation of electric motor
1.3.1
1.3.2
1.3.3
1.3.4
1.3.5
1.3.6
1.4 No rotation of pump
1.4.1 Ensure that coupling between electric
motor and pump is connected.
1.4.2 Check if coupling is damaged.
1.4.3 Check that electric motor is sized correctly.
1.4.4 Check that the electrical installation is
correctly sized.
1.4.5 Contact Danfoss Sales office for guidelines
in how to troubleshoot internal pump
parts.
1.5 Axial load on pump shaft
(may cause high internal leakage)
Only applying to
APP 0.6 to APP 3.5 and
APP 21 to APP 26 only.
Also applying to APP S 674 pumps.
1.5.1 Ensure that the air gap between the two
To ensure easy mounting of the flexible
coupling parts is min 5 mm. It should
coupling without using tools, the tolerances
always be possible to move the plastic part must be dimensioned accordingly.
on the coupling at least 3 mm.
WARNING:
Any axial and/or radial loads on the shaft
must be avoided. Any axial or radial load will
cause breakdown.
1.1.1 Check that inlet valve is open.
1.1.2 Check that booster pump is running.
WARNING:
- The pump must not run without water for
more than a few seconds.
- If the pump takes in water from the highpressure outlet line, it builds up pressure in
pump housing and will eventually break
down.
Check that main switch is switched on.
Check the electricity at the facility.
Ensure that motor relay is switched on.
Ensure that fuse is not blown.
Ensure that booster pump is started.
Check that the monitor switches are
working correctly.
1.3.7 Disconnect pump from electric motor and
check that the motor is capable of running
with no load.
Rotation direction for the APP or APP S 674
pump is shown by an arrow on the label on the
pump.
If motor-type relay or the electrical fuse is
blown, check that electric motor is sized
correctly.
A - Bell housing
B - Flexible coupling
C - Motor shaft
A
1.6 Pump damage
(the internal parts may be damaged)
42
4
1.6.1 Contact Danfoss sales office for guidelines
in how to troubleshoot internal pump
parts.
180R9267
06.2013 / IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices - v04 / 11.2013
B
C
Instructions on internal elements
180R9092/180R9085 for APP 0.6-1.0
180R9091/180R9147/180R9089 for APP 1.5-3.5
180R9093/180R9090 for APP 5.1-10.2
180R9228/180R9227 for APP 11-13 and APP 16-22
180R9121/180R9139 for APP 21-43
180R9281 for APP S 674 3.0-3.5
180R9280 for APP S 674 5.1-9.0
180R9278 for APP S 674 21-38
– are available on www.ro-solutions.com.
Instruction
2.
Trouble shooting guide for APP and APP S 674 pumps
Reduced flow/reduced pressure
Cause
Remedy
Comments
2.1 Wear on pump
Large internal leakage due to:
2.1.1 Dismantle the pump.
2.1.2 Check valve plate.
Valve plate has marks/scratches on the
surface facing the port plate. Minor wear
on valve plate can cause large internal
leakage. See Index 6.1.
2.1.3 Check port plate.
Port plate has marks/scratches on the
surface facing the valve plate. Minor wear
on port plate can cause large internal
leakage. See Index 6.2.
2.1.4 Check cylinder barrel.
Liners in cylinder barrel may be scratched
or worn. Insert a piston in the liner and
check the fit. If there is any space
(clearance) between liner and piston, liner
or piston is worn.
2.1.5 Pre-treatment
Analyse fluid for content of particles.
- Check that filters are OK and working
correctly.
2.1.6 Main filtration
Check that the correct filter type is used
(particles in fluid must not exceed 10 μm).
Danfoss High Pressure Pumps supplies
filters, please contact the sales office.
Typical signs of wear:
Polished surface all over the swash plate.
Normally, only half of the swash plate = the
pressure side is polished. See index 6.3.
2.1.7 Fluid type
The APP and APP S 674 pumps are designed
for seawater operation; for any other fluid,
please contact Danfoss High Pressure
Pumps sales office for further help.
-
2.1.8 High fluid temperature
If fluid temperature is above 50°C, stop the
pump immediately.
If the ring is missing, the piston is very worn.
The filters can be bypassed, even if they are
correctly mounted. Some filters can create
channelling where particles can pass through
the filter in tunnels. String wounded filters are
typically channelling filters. A string wounded
filter may have a filtration efficiency of only
50%, which will cause internal wear and must
always be followed by a main filter.
Insufficient filtration means that too many or
too large hard particles can pass the main filter
because it is damaged, bypassed or simply too
poor. Filtration efficiency must be 99.98%
(Beta = 5000) at 10 μm to prevent abnormal
wear of the pump.
Temperature > 50° C will cause wear on internal
pump parts. Mount a temperature switch and
check its set point / function. The temperature
switch will ensure that the pump stops at fluid
temperatures > 50° C.
- Check internal parts (see above).
2.2 Low inlet pressure
2.2.1 Check that booster pump supplies the
right pressure/flow.
2.2.2 Check if filters require replacement.
If the pressure drop across the filters is too high,
the booster pump does not deliver sufficient
flow/pressure. No pressure or low pressure
results in cavitation and insufficient internal
lubrication causing wear on internal pump
parts.
Mount a low-pressure switch in front of the
pump and check its set point/ function. The
low-pressure switch ensures that the pump
does not start until the inlet pressure has
reached 1 bar.
2.3 Rotation speed (rpm)
2.3.1 If VFD-operated, check frequency.
2.3.2 Check that rotation speed of the electric
motor is as stated on name plate on
electric motor. Check that the motor rotor
winding is not damaged.
180R9267
06.2013 / IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices - v04 / 11.2013
Speeds below min. limit (see User manual)
result in insufficient internal lubrication causing
wear on the internal pump parts.
435
Instruction
3.
Trouble shooting guide for APP and APP S 674 pumps
High torque on electric motor
Cause
Remedy
Comments
3.1 Too high outlet pressure from pump
3.1.1 Check fluid salinity.
3.1.2 Check temperature.
3.1.3 Check pressure drop across RO membrane.
Pump conditions may change (more salt, lower
water temperature or scaling of RO membrane)
causing higher pressure, resulting in higher
motor torque.
3.2 Pump starts against pressure
3.2.1 Check that electric motor is correctly sized. Pumps run in parallel with cascade start, may
3.2.2 Check internal parts (see item 2.1).
switch off the motor relay due to too high
3.2.3 Systems with more than one electric
torque caused by high outlet pressure.
motor installed:
Start motors simultaneously.
3.3 Constant torque
3.3.1 Please contact Danfoss High Pressure
Pumps sales office.
If the electric motor is too small for the APP or
APP S 674 pump, it cannot provide sufficient
torque.
3.4 Water pump damage
3.4.1 Dismantle pump and check for wear.
Too heavy damage in the pump will increase
friction causing a high torque (see item 6,
Typical signs of wear).
44
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180R9267
06.2013 / IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices - v04 / 11.2013
Instruction
4.
Trouble shooting guide for APP and APP S 674 pumps
Noise from pump
Cause
Remedy
Comments
4.1 Air in fluid
4.1.1 Ensure that the entire inlet line is bled
before starting up the system.
4.1.2 Ensure that air cannot enter into the inlet
line.
Small air bubbles will accumulate and create
large bubbles causing internal cavitation and
thus making the pump very noisy.
4.2.1 Follow the instructions “Initial start-up”
supplied with the new pump.
4.2.2 Ensure that the pump is completely bled
before start-up.
The pump and the inlet line must be completely bled before start-up, otherwise the
pump will cavitate and make high noise.
4.3.1 Ensure that inlet pressure is within the
limits specified in the User manual.
4.3.2 Check the pump for internal damage.
Too high inlet pressure causes too high
pressure inside the pump damaging the pistons
and eventually the pump.
4.2 Bleeding conditions of pump
4.3 Min/max nominal inlet pressure
WARNING:
The pump can only run few minutes with air in
the fluid without being damaged.
WARNING:
The pump can only run few minutes with air in
the fluid without being damaged.
Inlet pressure below min. limit causes cavitation
and insufficient internal lubrication resulting in
wear on internal pump parts.
Mount a low-pressure switch in front of the
pump and check its set point/ function. The
low-pressure switch will ensure that the pump
does not start until the min. inlet pressure has
been reached.
4.4 Pump reversing
4.4.1 Dismantle pump and check if anything is
broken or worn (See “1. No flow”, item 1.2
Pump reversing”).
WARNING:
The pump must not run without water
for more than a few seconds. If the pump
takes in water from the high-pressure
outlet line, it builds up pressure and will
eventually be damaged.
4.5 High rotation speed (rpm)
4.5.1 If electric motor rpm is too high, dismantle
pump and check for damage.
4.5.2 If the rpm is within the specified range of
the pump data sheet and abnormal noise
remains, dismantle pump and check for
damage.
If pump rotates in wrong direction, it will take in
water from the high-pressure outlet line.
Pressure will be built up inside the pump and it
will eventually be damaged.
Higher rpm than specified in the pump data
sheet results in wear of the pistons, i.e. pistons
may be damaged.
High rpm will also increase pressure pulsations
from the pump, and the noise level will
increase.
If rpm is changed, noise frequency will also
change.
4.6 Outlet pressure
4.7 Soft start/stop
4.6.1 If outlet pressure is too low, check set
point of outlet pressure valve.
4.6.2 If outlet pressure is lower than mentioned
in the pump data sheet, please contact
Danfoss High Pressure Pumps technical
support.
4.6.3 If outlet pressure has exceeded its
maximum, check set point of outlet
pressure valve.
4.6.4 Check internal parts for wear/damage.
At too low outlet pressure, the pump will create
higher pressure pulsations and thus make
noise. Too low pressure also causes insufficient
internal lubrication and wear on internal parts.
Pump may eventually be damaged.
4.7.1 Check if noise is normal when the pump is
running at operation speed.
4.7.2 If noise is abnormal at operation speed,
check internal parts (see above).
Noise frequency changes during soft start-up/
stop.
180R9267
06.2013 / IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices - v04 / 11.2013
Too high outlet pressure may damage the
pump.
457
Instruction
5.
Trouble shooting guide for APP and APP S 674 pumps
Noise from installation
Cause
Remedy
Comments
5.1 Inlet/outlet connections (hoses/pipes)
5.1.1 Use flexible hoses at inlet/outlet connections. Danfoss can provide flexible hoses.
Please contact Danfoss High Pressure
Pumps sales office for further information.
5.1.2 Mount the connections to the frame by a
vibration dampener mounting plate.
Non-flexible connections mounted directly on
the frame will cause even small pressure
pulsations from pump and create vibrations in
the system/plant.
5.2 Length/dimension of inlet/outlet line
5.2.1 Increase pipe diameter and/or reduce the
number of bends.
Too small pipes or too many bends may create
too fast flow/turbulence through the pipes and
thus increase the noise level.
5.3 Hose stiffness
5.3.1 Use a more flexible hose. Danfoss can
provide flexible hoses. Please contact
Danfoss High Pressure Pumps sales office
for further information.
Too stiff hoses cannot dampen the small
pressure pulsations from the pump, and
subsequently vibrations occur in the system/
plant.
5.4 Hoses/pipes mounted directly on frame
5.4.1 Mount the connections to the frame by a
vibration dampener mounting plate.
If the hoses are mounted directly on the frame,
the small pressure pulsations from the pump
can be transferred to the frame and the rest of
the system/plant.
5.5 Vibration dampener under the electric
motor
5.5.1 Mount a vibration dampener below the
motor/pump.
When no dampener is installed below the
electric motor, vibrations from the motor and
pump may be transferred to the frame and the
rest of the system/plant.
46
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180R9267
06.2013 / IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices - v04 / 11.2013
Instruction
6.
6.1
Trouble shooting guide for APP and APP S 674 pumps
Typical signs of wear
Valve plate
Picture 1
A normally worn valve plate has no marks/scratches but only a slightly
polished surface.
No scratches or marks should be felt. The surface must be flat and level.
Picture 2
A worn valve plate has scratches, and/or a polished surface. Even small
scratches will give a loss of flow.
Scratches
Picture 3
A good way to identify a worn valve plate is to hold a straight knife edge
over the valve plate. When holding it up to the light, it will be possible to
see any space between the knife edge and the valve plate. See picture 3.
If any light can be seen between the two arrows on the picture, the valve
plate is worn.
If any scratches or marks can be felt by running a fingernail over the surface,
the valve plate is worn.
The valve plate on picture 3 is highly damaged.
180R9267
06.2013 / IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices - v04 / 11.2013
479
Instruction
Trouble shooting guide for APP and APP S 674 pumps
6.2 Port plate
Picture 1
If the port plate has scratches, level differences or both between the arrows,
the port plate must be replaced.
S cr
atc
Even small scratches or wear will cause loss of flow.
h es
To check: See item 6.1, picture 3
L ev
dul el diff
l an e re
d sh nce
inin s b e
g P t we
E EK e n
6.3 Swash plate
Picture 1
If the swash plate is polished 360°, it is an indication of insufficient filtration.
The surface of the swash plate must be plane and even at same level all
over. To check this, please see item 6.1, picture 3.
If the surface has any marks/scratches, it is worn/damaged and a new one
is required.
Please contact Danfoss High Pressure Pumps sales office for further information.
Danfoss A/S
High Pressure Pumps
DK-6430 Nordborg
Denmark
Danfoss can accept no responsibility for possible errors in catalogues, brochures and other printed material. Danfoss reserves the right to alter its products without notice.
This also applies to products already on order provided that such alterations can be made without subsequential changes being necessary in specifications already agreed.
All trademarks in this material are property of the respective companies. Danfoss and the Danfoss logotype are trademarks of Danfoss A/S. All rights reserved.
48
10
180R9267
06.2013 / IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices - v04 / 11.2013
MAKING MODERN LIVING POSSIBLE
7. Right and wrong
(180R9042)
Right and wrong
Trouble shooting guide for water hydraulic systems
danfoss.high-pressurepumps.com
180R9042
4.
Pump location
Design
Pump always to be placed below water
surface level
1.
Always use system components made
of corrosion proof materials
Non-corrosion proof materials
may cause damage
Return filter with bypass valve and
poorer filterability than 10 m will
damage the system
Filter location
Locate the return filter in the return line
immediately before the tank
Poor suction conditions will cause
malfunction and damage the pump
Pressure Relief valve
> 10 mm
< 10 mm abs.
3.
System to be dimensioned to provide
a suction pressure of the pump inlet of
max. 0.1 bar vacuum
6.
Choice of filter
Install a 10 micron absolute filter with
pressure switch
Suction conditions
. Iron
. Copper
. Brass
. Aluminium
. Rubber
. Plastic
. Stainless steel
2.
5.
Choice of material
Pump location above water surface
level will cause damage
Placing the return filter upstream of the
final load may damage the pump
Pressure relief valve to be mounted
vertically or with vertical outlet and
connected to return hose or tank
7.
System to be filled via filter
Coupling the pressure relief valve outlet
directly to the pump inlet may damage
the pump
Water supply
Filling system with unfiltered
water causes damage
Installation
8.
Impurities
Prior to installation, burrs and chips and
other impurities must be removed from
pipes and hoses, eg with a felt plug
9.
Chips or other impurities in the system
may cause damage
Sealing
11.
Assembly of coupling
The coupling must be easy and simple
to assemble (see product instruction)
Never use force when assembling the
coupling parts, as this will damage the
motor/pump
Coupling
12.
= min. 3 mm
Fittings in screwed components to be
sealed with O-rings or bonded seals
10.
Correctly limited quantities of grease
prevent seizing
Using teflon tape or packing yarn in
joints may cause damage
Grease
Too much grease may develop
biofilm causing operational failures
0 mm
Ensure always to have 3 mm distance
between coupling flanges
13.
Insufficient distance and/or misalignment between the coupling flanges
will damage the pump
Water supply
Fill system with water before starting
to ensure lubrication and cooling
Starting without water will cause
damage
Wiring
Starting procedure
Cleaning procedure
Level indicator
14.
1. Fill cold water into the system via the return filter and
bleed the pump (Power Packs PPH 4 - 6.3 - 10 and 12.5 are
self-bleeding)
2. Start and bleed the system -without pressure by opening
the bypass valve
3. Add the cleaning agent to give 3% agent/water solution
4. Run the system for 60 min. and activate all components as
often as possible to ensure effective flushing with the
cleaning agent
Level and temperature indicators
must be fitted. Follow installation
instructions
Missing or incorrectly connected level
and temperature indicators cause
damage
5. Empty the system of the cleaning agent solution
Flushing procedure
15.
1
Rotation direction
?
2
6. Fill cold water through the return filter and bleed the
pump (Power Packs PPH 4 - 6.3 - 10 and 12.5 are
self-bleeding)
7. Run the system for 30 min. and activate all components as
often as possible
8. Empty the system of the water
9. Alternatively the system may be flushed by running the
unit without the return hose while continuously filling up
water. The flushing should continue until there is no trace
of cleaning agent in the return water
Check pump drive motor rotation
direction matches that of the pump
prior to installation
Incorrect rotation direction will
damage the pump
10. Change the return filter element, fill cold water through
the return filter and bleed the pump during start up
11. The system is now ready for operation
16.
Bleeding
Starting procedure
60 min.
Bleeding the pump will ensure correct
cooling and lubrication
Insufficient bleeding may cause damage (not applicable to Power Packs)
Observing the starting procedure will
ensure problem-free operation
2-3
days
If the system is not cleaned before
starting, the filter will clog
Trouble shooting
Open ended water systems
No water supply
No
. Is the water supply ok?
. Is water supplied to the pump?
Yes
. Is water coming
No
. Is the electric motor of
the pump unit rotating?
out of the tap?
. Are all taps open?
. Is the water in the tank
No
o
very hot? Ie above 50
Yes
Yes
Yes
. Lower inlet
temperature or
provide better cooling
No
. Is the control light
. Is the power supply ok?
. Are control lights on?
for “low pump suction
Yes
pressure” on?
. The filter is clogging
No
Yes
No
No
. Is water coming
through the filter?
Yes
. Is the filter clogged?
. Is the filter control
light on?
Yes
. A blown fuse / or short
No
circuit?
. Replace filter element
. Replace filter element
. Check power supply
and fuses and contact
electrician
Contact serviceman
. Turn on the tap for
water supply
Stamp
Trouble shooting
Closed water systems
The system
does not work
No
. Is there sufficient water
in the tank?
Yes
. Is the electric motor of
the pump unit rotating?
. Is the water in the tank
No
very hot? Ie above 50o
Yes
No
Yes
. At temperatures
No
o
higher than 50 the
pump drive cuts out.
Consequently the
cooler must be
checked/cleaned
. Is the power supply ok?
. Are control lights on?
Yes
. A blown fuse/or short
circuit?
. Check power supply
. Fill water into the system
and fuses and contact
electrician
. Is the filter clogged?
. Is the filter control
Yes
. Replace filter element
light on?
No
Contact serviceman
. Trace leakage, if any
Stamp
DKCFN.PI.000.C2.02
180R9042
521B0288
User manual
Appendices for IOM APP Pumps (APP 1.5-3.5)
180R9267 / IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices - v04 / 11.2013
55
User manual
Appendices for IOM APP Pumps (APP 1.5-3.5)
Contact information Danfoss A/S
Danfoss A/S
High Pressure Pumps
DK-6430 Nordborg
Denmark
Danfoss can accept no responsibility for possible errors in catalogues, brochures and other printed material. Danfoss reserves the right to alter its products without notice.
This also applies to products already on order provided that such alterations can be made without subsequential changes being necessary in specifications already agreed.
All trademarks in this material are property of the respective companies. Danfoss and the Danfoss logotype are trademarks of Danfoss A/S. All rights reserved.
56
180R9267 / IOM APP 1.5-3.5 Appendices - v04 / 11.2013
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