Dr.Web Anti
© Doctor Web, 2003-2012. All rights reserved.
This document is the property of Doctor Web. No part of this document
may be reproduced, published or transmitted in any form or by any
means for any purpose other than the purchaser's personal use without
proper attribution.
TRADEMARKS
Dr.Web, the Dr.WEB logo, SpIDer Mail, SpIDer Guard, CureIt!, CureNet!,
AV-desk are trademarks and registered trademarks of Doctor Web in
Russia and/or other countries. Other trademarks, registered trademarks
and company names used in this document are property of their
respective owners.
DISCLAIMER
In no event shall Doctor Web and its resellers or distributors be liable for
errors or omissions, or any loss of profit or any other damage caused or
alleged to be caused directly or indirectly by this document, the use of or
inability to use information contained in this document.
Dr.Web Anti-virus for Windows
Version 7.0
User Manual
25.10.2012
Doctor Web Head Office
2-12A, 3rd str. Yamskogo polya
Moscow, Russia
125124
Web site: www.drweb.com
Phone: +7 (495) 789-45-87
Refer to the official web site for regional and international office
information.
Doctor Web
Doctor Web develops and distributes Dr.Web® information
security solutions which provide efficient protection from
malicious software and spam.
Doctor Web customers can be found among home users from all
over the world and in government enterprises, small companies
and nationwide corporations.
Dr.Web antivirus solutions are well known since 1992 for
continuing excellence in malware detection and compliance
with international information security standards. State certificates
and awards received by the Dr.Web solutions, as well as the
globally widespread use of our products are the best evidence of
exceptional trust to the company products.
We thank all our customers for their support and
devotion to the Dr.Web products!
4
Table of Contents
1. Introduction
1.1. About This Manual
7
9
1.2. Document Conventions
10
1.3. System Requirements
11
1.4. Licensing
12
1.4.1. Key File
12
1.4.2. Get Key File
13
1.4.3. Renewing Registration
15
1.5. How to Test Anti-virus
17
1.6. Detection Methods
18
2. Installing Dr.Web Anti-virus
20
2.1. Installation Procedure
21
2.2. Reinstalling and Removing Dr.Web Anti-virus
31
2.3. Receiving Key Files
33
3. Getting Started
35
3.1. SpIDer Agent
38
3.2. General Settings
41
3.3. License Manager
47
3.4. Quarantine
49
4. Dr.Web Scanner
52
4.1. Scanning Your System
54
4.2. Neutralizing Detected Threats
57
4.3. Scanner Settings
59
User Manual
5
4.4. Scanning in Command Line Mode
63
4.5. Console Scanner
64
5. SpIDer Guard
65
5.1. Managing SpIDer Guard
66
5.2. SpIDer Guard Settings
67
6. SpIDer Mail
72
6.1. Managing SpIDer Mail
74
6.2. SpIDer Mail Settings
75
7. Dr.Web for Outlook
82
7.1. Configuring Dr.Web for Outlook
82
7.2. Treat Detection
84
7.2.1. Types of Threats
84
7.2.2. Configuring Actions
84
7.4. Logging
87
7.4.1. Event Log
87
7.4.2. Debug Text Log
88
7.5. Statistics
8. Dr.Web Firewall
90
91
8.1. Training Dr.Web Firewall
91
8.2. Managing Dr.Web Firewall
96
8.3. Firewall settings
98
8.3.1. Application Filter
98
8.3.2. Parent processes
104
8.3.3. Network Interfaces
106
8.3.4. Advanced settings
115
8.3.5. Restoring Defaults
118
User Manual
6
8.4. Event Logging
119
8.4.1. Active Applications
119
8.4.2. Application Filter Log
121
8.4.3. Packet Filter Log
124
9. Automatic Updating
126
9.1. Running Updates
126
Appendices
129
Appendix A. Command Line Parameters
129
Appendix B. Computer Threats and Neutralization
Methods
129
Appendix C. Naming of Viruses
137
Appendix D. Central Anti-virus Protection
Appendix E. Technical Support
0
142
User Manual
1. Introduction
1. Introduction
Dr.Web Anti-virus for Windows provides multi-level protection of
RAM, hard disks, and removable devices against viruses, rootkits,
Trojans, spyware, adware, hack tools, and other malicious programs.
The module architecture of Dr.Web Anti-virus is its significant
feature. The anti-virus engine and virus databases are common for all
components and different operating environments. At present, in
addition to Dr.Web products for Windows, there are versions of antivirus software for IBM® OS/2®, Novell® NetWare®, Macintosh®,
Microsoft Windows Mobile®, Android®, Symbian®, and several
Unix®-based systems (Linux®, FreeBSD®, and Solaris®).
Dr.Web Anti-virus uses a convenient and efficient procedure for
updating virus databases and program components via the Internet.
Dr.Web Anti-virus can detect and remove undesirable programs
(adware, dialers, jokes, riskware, and hacktools) from your computer.
To detect undesirable programs and perform actions with the files
contained in them, standard anti-virus components are used.
Dr.Web Anti-virus includes the following components:
Dr.Web Scanner for Windows (Scanner) is an anti-virus
scanner with graphical interface. The program runs on user
demand checks the computer for viruses. There is also a
command line version (Dr.Web Console Scanner for
Windows).
SpIDer Guard® for Windows (also called Monitor or
Guard) is an anti-virus guard. The program resides in the main
memory, checks files and memory on the fly, and detects viruslike activity.
SpIDer Mail® for Windows (Mail Guard) is an anti-virus
guard for e-mail. The program intercepts calls sent from mail
clients to mail servers through POP3/SMTP/IMAP4/NNTP
protocols (IMAP4 stands for IMAPv4rev1), and detects and
neutralizes mail viruses before a mail message is received by
the mail client or before a mail message is sent to the mail
server.
User Manual
7
1. Introduction
Dr.Web for Outlook is a plug-in that checks Microsoft Outlook
mail boxes for viruses.
Dr. Web Firewall protects your computer from unauthorized
access and prevents vital data from leaking through networks.
Dr.Web Updater allows registered users to receive updates of
the virus database and other program files as well as
automatically install them.
SpIDer Agent is a utility that lets you set up and manage Dr.
Web Anti-virus components.
User Manual
8
1. Introduction
1.1. About This Manual
This User Manual describes installation and effective utilization of
Dr.Web Anti-virus.
You can find detailed descriptions of all graphical user interface (GUI)
elements in the Help system of Dr.Web Anti-virus which can be
accessed from any component.
This User Manual describes how to install Dr.Web Anti-virus and
contains some words of advice on how to use the program and solve
typical problems caused by virus threats. Mostly, it describes the
standard operating modes of the program’s components (with default
settings).
The Appendices contain detailed information for experienced users on
how to set up Dr.Web Anti-virus.
Due to constant development, program interface of your installation
can mismatch the images given in this document. You can always
find the actual documentation at http://products.drweb.com.
User Manual
9
1. Introduction
1.2. Document Conventions
The following symbols and text conventions are used in this guide:
Convention
Description
Bold
Names of buttons and other elements of the
graphical user interface (GUI), and required user
input that must be entered exactly as given in the
guide.
Green and bold
Names of Dr.Web products and components.
Green and underlined
Hyperlinks to topics and web pages.
Monospace
Code examples, input to the command line and
application output.
Italic
Placeholders which represent information that must
be supplied by the user. For command-line input, it
indicates parameter values.
In addition, it may indicate a term in position of a
definition.
CAPITAL LETTERS
Names of keys and key sequences.
Plus sign ('+')
Indicates a combination of keys. For example,
ALT+F1 means to hold down the ALT key while
pressing the F1 key.
Exclamation mark
A warning about potential errors or any other
important comment.
The following abbreviations are used in this User Manual:
GUI – Graphical User Interface (GUI version of a program, a
version that utilizes the GUI)
OS – operating system
PC – personal computer
RAM – Random Access Memory
User Manual
10
1. Introduction
1.3. System Requirements
Before installing Dr.Web Anti-virus:
Install all critical updates recommended by the operating
system developer.
Uninstall all other anti-virus packages from the computer to
avoid possible incompatibility with their resident
components.
If you install Dr.Web Firewall, uninstall all other firewalls.
Specification
Requirement
OS
One of the following:
Microsoft® Windows® 2000 Workstation SP4
with Update Rollup 1
Windows® XP SP2 or SP3
Windows® Vista
Microsoft® Windows® 7
Microsoft® Windows® 8
Both 32-bit and 64-bit versions of operating systems
are supported.
You may need to download and install certain system
components from the official Microsoft website. If
necessary, the program will notify you about the
components required and provide download links.
Hard disk space
330 MB for Dr.Web Anti-virus components.
Files created during installation will require additional
space.
CPU
i686 compatible
RAM
Minimum 512 MB of RAM.
Other
Internet connection for updating virus databases and
Dr.Web Anti-virus components.
User Manual
11
1. Introduction
1.4. Licensing
The use rights for the Dr.Web Anti-virus are specified in the key file.
To use Dr.Web Anti-virus, obtain and install a key file.
For more information on licensing and types of key files, visit the
official Doctor Web website.
1.4.1. Key File
The key file contains the following information:
list of components a user is allowed to use
duration of the license
other restrictions (i.e., the number of computers on which a
program is allowed to be used)
The key file has the .key extension and, by default, should reside in
the program's installation folder.
The key file has a write-protected format and must not be edited.
Editing the key file renders it invalid. Therefore, it is not
recommended to open your key file with a text editor which may
accidentally corrupt it.
There are three types of key files:
License key file is purchased with the Dr.Web software and
allows a user to use the software and receive technical support.
Parameters of the license key file are set in accordance with the
software's license agreement. It also contains information about
the user and seller.
Demo key file is used to evaluate Dr.Web products. It is
completely free, provides full functionality of the software, but
has a limited duration – 30 days (if it is a promotion license key
file — 3 months).
User Manual
12
1. Introduction
Demo key files for the same computer cannot be obtained
more often than once in four months. For a promotion
license key file — only once a year.
Temporary key file is used if you do not install a license or demo
key file during installation. This key file provides full functionality
of Dr.Web Anti-virus components, however, updating is not
available until you have installed license or demo key file.
Furthermore, the My Dr.Web and Update items of SpIDer
Agent menu will be inaccessible.
A valid license key file satisfies the following criteria:
License is not expired
All anti-virus components required by Dr.Web Anti-virus are
licensed
Integrity of the license key file has not been violated
If any of the conditions are violated, the license key file becomes
invalid and Dr.Web Anti-virus stops detecting and neutralizing
malicious programs.
1.4.2. Get Key File
The key file can be delivered as a .key file or an archive containing
such a file.
You can receive key files in one of the following ways:
During installation
Via manual product registration on the official Doctor Web
website
Within the product distribution kit
On a separate data carrier provided by the seller
Key files received during installation or within the installation kit are
installed automatically. You need to install key files received in any
other way.
User Manual
13
1. Introduction
To acquire key files via manual registration:
To register and download key files, a valid Internet connection is
required.
To receive a license key file, a product serial number is required.
Without a serial number, you can only receive a demo key file
during installation.
1. Launch an Internet browser and go to the site specified on the
product registration card supplied with your copy of the
product.
2. Fill in the registration form.
3. Enter the serial number found on the registration card.
4. The license key file is archived and sent to the e-mail address
you specified in the registration form. After registration, you
can also download the license key file from the registration
page. Windows operating systems extract files from ZIParchives automatically. You do not need to purchase or install
additional software.
5. Install the key file.
To acquire key files during installation:
The key file can be delivered as a .key file or an archive containing
such a file. A user can receive a key file via the Dr.Web Updater
during installation or the first update. The utility registers the program
(after the serial number is provided) on the official website and
receives the key file. This procedure is available only for Dr.Web
programs that protect individual workstations. Without a serial
number, a user can only receive a demo key file. (See Receiving key
file).
It is recommended to keep the key file until it expires. If you re-install
a product or install it on several computers, you do not have to
register the serial number again; you can use the key file received
User Manual
14
1. Introduction
during the first registration.
Demo key file can be used only on that computer on which it was
registered.
Subsequent Registration
If a key file is lost, you must register again by inputting the personal
data you provided during the previous registration. You may use a
different e-mail address in which case the key file will be sent to the
address specified.
When recovering a demo key file, you will receive the same key file
as you received during the previous registration.
The number of times you can request a key file is limited. One serial
number can be registered no more than 25 times. If requests in excess
of that number are sent, no key file will be delivered. To receive a lost
key file, contact Technical Support , describe your problem in detail
and state personal data you entered when you registered the serial
number.
If no valid key file is found (either for a license or a demo), the
functionality of the program is blocked.
1.4.3. Renewing Registration
When your license expires or the security of your system is reinforced,
you may need to update the license. The new license should be
registered with the product. Dr.Web Anti-virus supports hot license
updates without stopping or reinstalling the product.
User Manual
15
1. Introduction
To renew license key files:
1. Open License Manager. To purchase a new license or renew an
existing one, you can also use your personal web page on the
Doctor Web website. To visit your page, use the My Dr.Web
option in the License Manager or SpIDer Agent menu.
2. If your current key file is invalid,
Dr.Web Anti-virus
automatically switches to the new license.
User Manual
16
1. Introduction
1.5. How to Test Anti-virus
The European Institute for Computer Anti-Virus Research (EICAR)
Test File helps test the performance of anti-virus programs that detect
viruses using signatures.
For this purpose, most anti-virus software vendors generally use a
standard test.com program. This program was specially designed to let
user test the reaction of newly installed anti-virus tools that detect
viruses without compromising the security of their computers.
Although the test.com program is not actually a virus, it is treated by
the majority of anti-viruses as if it were one. Upon detecting this
"virus", Dr.Web Anti-virus for Windows reports the following:
EICAR Test File (Not a Virus!). Other anti-virus tools
alert users in a similar way.
The test.com program is a 68-byte COM-file that prints the following
line on the console when executed: EICAR-STANDARD-ANTIVIRUSTEST-FILE!
The test.com file contains the following character string only:
X5O!P%@AP[4\PZX54(P^)7CC)7}$EICAR-STANDARD-ANTIVIRUS-TEST-FILE!$H+H*
To create your own test file with the "virus", you can create a new file
with this line and save it as test.com.
When you attempt to execute an EICAR file while SpIDer Guard is
running in the optimal mode, the operation is not terminated and
the file is not processed as malicious since it does not pose any
actual threat to your system. However, if you copy or create such a
file in your system, then it is detected by SpIDer Guard and
moved to Quarantine by default.
User Manual
17
1. Introduction
1.6. Detection Methods
Dr.Web anti-virus solutions use several malicious software
detection methods simultaneously, and that allows them to perform
thorough checks on suspicious files and control software behaviour:
1. The scans begin with signature analysis, which is performed
by comparing file code segments to the known virus
signatures. A signature is a finite continuous sequence of bytes
that is necessary and sufficient to identify a specific virus. To
reduce the size of the signature dictionary, Dr.Web anti-virus
solutions use signature checksums instead of complete
signature sequences. Checksums uniquely identify signatures
which preserves the correctness of virus detection and
neutralization. The Dr.Web virus databases are composed in
such a way that some entries can be used to detect not just
specific viruses but whole classes of threats.
2. On completion of signature analysis, Dr.Web anti-virus
solutions use the unique Origins Tracing™ method to
detect new and modified viruses that use known infection
mechanisms. Thus, Dr.Web users are protected against
viruses such as notorious blackmailer Trojan.Encoder.18 (also
known as gpcode). In addition to detecting new and modified
viruses, the Origins Tracing mechanism considerably
reduces the number of incidents of false triggering of the Dr.
Web heuristics analyzer.
3. The detection method used by the heuristics analyzer is based
on certain knowledge about the attributes that characterize
malicious code. Each attribute or characteristic has a weight
coefficient that determines the level of its severity and
reliability. Depending on the sum weight of a file, the heuristics
analyzer calculates the probability of unknown virus infection.
As with any system of hypothesis testing under uncertainty, the
heuristics analyzer may commit type I or type II errors (i.e., it
may omit viruses or raise false alarms).
While performing any of the aforementioned checks, Dr.Web antivirus solutions use the most recent information about known
malicious software. As soon as Doctor Web Virus Laboratory
User Manual
18
1. Introduction
experts discover new threats, they issue an update on virus signatures,
behaviour characteristics, and attributes. In some cases updates can
be issued several times per hour. Therefore even if a brand new virus
passes through the Dr.Web resident guards and penetrates the
system, then after update the virus is detected in the list of processes
and neutralized.
User Manual
19
2. Installing Dr.Web Anti-virus
2. Installing Dr.Web Anti-virus
Before installing the program, we strongly recommend to:
install all critical updates released by Microsoft for the OS
version used on your computer (they are available at the
company’s updating web site at http://windowsupdate.
microsoft.com);
check the file system with the system utilities, and remove the
detected defects;
close all active applications.
Dr.Web Anti-virus is not compatible with other anti-virus
software. Installing two anti-virus programs on one computer may
lead to a system crash and the loss of important data.
To begin installing Dr.Web Anti-virus on your computer, do one
of the following:
Execute the file, if supplied as a single executable file.
Insert the company disk into the CD/DVD drive. If autorun is
enabled, the installation procedure will start automatically. If
autorun is disabled, run the executable file of the distribution kit
manually.
Follow the dialog windows of the installation wizard. At any stage of
the installation (before the files are copied onto the computer), you
can return to the previous stage by clicking Back. To continue
installation, click Next. To abort installation, click Cancel.
User Manual
20
2. Installing Dr.Web Anti-virus
2.1. Installation Procedure
Only a user with administrative privileges can install Dr.Web Antivirus.
There are two installation modes of Dr.Web Anti-virus:
1. The background mode.
2. The usual mode.
Background Installation
To install Dr.Web Anti-virus in the background mode, enter in the
command line the executable file name with necessary parameters
(these parameters affect logging, reboot after installation, and Dr.
Web Firewall installation).
Installation
Parameters
No reboot. No logging.
/S /V/qn
Reboot. No logging.
/S /V"/qn REBOOT=Force"
or
/S /V"/qn REBOOT=F"
No reboot. Logging.
/S /V"/qn /lv* \"<path>\drwebsetup.log\""
Reboot. Logging.
/S /V"/qn /lv* \"<path>\drwebsetup.log\" REBOOT=F"
or
/S /V"/qn /lv* \"<path>\drwebsetup.log\" REBOOT=Force"
Dr.Web Firewall
installation. Reboot.
/S /V"/qn
REBOOT=F"
INSTALL_FIREWALL=1
or
/S /V"/qn INSTALL_FIREWALL=1
REBOOT=Force"
User Manual
21
2. Installing Dr.Web Anti-virus
For example, to install Dr.Web Anti-virus with logging and reboot
after installation, execute the following command:
C:\Documents and Settings\drweb-700-win-x86.exe
/S
/V"/qn
/lv*
\"%temp%\drweb-setup.
log\"REBOOT=F"
If particular language of the installation is required, use the following
additional parameter:
/L<language_code>
For example,
/L1049 /S /V"/qn REBOOT=Force"
The list of languages:
Code
Language
1026
Bulgarian
2052
Chinese (Simplified)
1028
Chinese (Traditional)
1033
English
1061
Estonian
1036
French (France)
1031
German
1032
Greek
1038
Hungarian
1040
Italian
1041
Japanese
1062
Latvian
1063
Lithuanian
1045
Polish
2070
Portuguese
1049
Russian
User Manual
22
2. Installing Dr.Web Anti-virus
Code
Language
1051
Slovak
1034
Spanish (Traditional Sort)
1055
Turkish
1058
Ukrainian
English will be installed in addition to whatever other language is
chosen.
Usual Installation
1. Select the language for the installation wizard. Regardless of
your choice English language will be installed in addition.
2. In the next window, you will be asked to read the License
agreement. To continue installation, you must accept its terms
and click Next.
3. The installation wizard will inform you of any possible
incompatibility between Dr.Web and other anti-viruses
installed on your computer and offer to uninstall or disable
them. If other anti-viruses are installed on your computer, it is
recommended to click Cancel and terminate installation,
delete or deactivate other anti-viruses, and then proceed with
installation.
To continue with the installation select the I confirm that no
other anti-virus software is installed on this computer
check box, and click Next.
User Manual
23
2. Installing Dr.Web Anti-virus
4. In the next window you will be offered to install Dr.Web
Firewall.
You can also participate in expansion of trusted applications
database for Dr.Web Firewall. Select the Send new rules to
Doctor Web checkbox to allow Dr.Web Firewall to send
created rules to Doctor Web.
User Manual
24
2. Installing Dr.Web Anti-virus
5. If in the previous step you selected the Install Dr.Web
Firewall check box, the installation wizard will inform you of
any possible incompatibility between Dr.Web and other
firewalls installed on your computer and offer to uninstall or
disable them. If other firewalls are installed on your computer,
it is recommended to click Cancel and terminate installation,
delete or deactivate other firewalls, and then continue with the
installation.
To continue installation select the I confirm that no other
firewall is installed on this computer check box and click
Next.
6. The installation program will bring up a warning window
requesting a key file (license or demo) required for the
program’s operation. If a key file is present on your hard drive
or on removable media, click Browse, select the key file and
click Next.
User Manual
25
2. Installing Dr.Web Anti-virus
If no key file is available, but you have a serial number, select
Receive key file during installation. Otherwise, select
Receive key file later (updating is not available in this mode)
and click Next.
Use only a Dr.Web Anti-virus key file which should have
the .key extension.
7. The installation wizard will let you choose the type of
installation. Default Installation implies installation of all
components and all secondary programs automatically up to
step 12. Custom Installation is meant for experienced users.
During custom installation you will be asked to select
components for installation and adjust proxy server settings
and some additional installation parameters.
User Manual
26
2. Installing Dr.Web Anti-virus
Once you choose the type of installation, click Next.
8. If you chose default installation type, go to step 12. In case of
custom installation, a window will open that allows you to
select – from the hierarchical list – the program components
you want install. You can also change the installation folder if
necessary.
User Manual
27
2. Installing Dr.Web Anti-virus
Click Next when
components.
you
finish
selecting
the
necessary
9. The window for selecting what shortcuts to Dr.Web Antivirus you want to create will open. Select the necessary
options, and click Next.
10. The window for adjusting proxy server settings will open.
If you do not use a proxy server, choose Do not use
proxy server.
If you want to specify settings for a proxy server, choose
Specify proxy server IP and Port manually.
User Manual
28
2. Installing Dr.Web Anti-virus
Click Next.
11. If in step 6 you specified a valid key file or selected Receive
key file during installation, then to download the latest
virus databases and anti-virus components, you may proceed
to the next step and select the Update during installation
checkbox.
User Manual
29
2. Installing Dr.Web Anti-virus
12. A window will open, informing you that the program is ready to
be installed. Click Install to start the installation process or
Back to change any of the installation parameters.
13. If in step 6 you selected the Receive key file during
installation option, the installation wizard will launch the
registration procedure. To receive the key file, your computer
should be connected to the Internet.
14. If in step 11 you selected the Update during installation
check box, or during default installation, after receiving the key
file virus databases and components of Dr.Web Anti-virus
will be updated automatically.
15. After installation is complete, Scanner will perform an express
scan. Avert any detected threats, and close Scanner after the
scanning process.
User Manual
30
2. Installing Dr.Web Anti-virus
Scanner is not compatible with Windows Blinds (an
application for adjusting Windows GUI). In order for Dr.
Web Anti-virus to operate correctly you must disable the
option to change the Dr.Web interface in the Windows
Blinds settings. To do this, add drweb32w.exe to the list
of excluded applications.
16. The program will ask you to reboot the computer; this is
required to complete the installation.
2.2. Reinstalling and Removing Dr.Web
Anti-virus
To modify, repair, or remove an installed version of Dr.Web Antivirus, start the installation wizard.
In the opened window:
1. Select Modify to change the set of installed components, and
click Next. The Custom Installation window will open. To
remove all the components, select Remove.
2. To remove the Dr.Web Anti-virus or to change the set of
installed components, you must disable Self-Protection by
entering the digits shown in the picture or password (if you set
Protect Dr.Web settings by password flag on Advanced
tab in SpIDer Agent settings).
3. At the end of the installation, reboot the computer when
prompted.
You can start the modification, repair, or removal procedure via the
standard Windows utility - Add/Remove Programs.
User Manual
31
2. Installing Dr.Web Anti-virus
User Manual
32
2. Installing Dr.Web Anti-virus
2.3. Receiving Key Files
The registration procedure for a new key file starts automatically
during installation or can be launched from the SpIDer Agent menu
once the installation is complete. This procedure helps you connect to
the official Doctor Web website and register your installation.
To obtain a key file:
1. During the first step of the procedure, you will be asked to
choose what type of key file you would like to obtain - either a
license or a demo key file.
If you received a serial number when you purchased your Dr.
Web product, select License key file, and enter the serial
number. If you want to install the product for demonstration
purposes, select Demo key file, and go to step 2.
User Manual
33
2. Installing Dr.Web Anti-virus
If you have used Dr.Web Anti-virus for Windows in the
past, you may be eligible for a 150-day extension to your
new license. To enable the bonus, enter your registered
serial number or provide the license key file.
Click Next. The registration data window opens.
2. Fill in all necessary fields in the registration form to receive a
key file, and click Next.
3. The procedure of receiving the license key will start. If the key
file is downloaded successfully, the window displays an
appropriate message and duration of the license. Otherwise, an
error message will appear.
User Manual
34
3. Getting Started
3. Getting Started
The installation program allows you to install the following Dr.Web
Anti-virus components on your computer:
Scanner (GUI and console versions)
SpIDer Guard
SpIDer Mail
Dr.Web for Outlook
Firewall
Automatic Updating Utility
SpIDer Agent
The components of Dr.Web Anti-virus use common virus databases
and anti-virus engine. In addition, uniform algorithms that detect and
neutralize viruses in scanned objects are implemented. However, the
methods of selecting objects for scanning differ greatly, which allows
these components to be used for absolutely different and mutually
supplementary PC protection policies.
For example, Scanner for Windows scans (on user demand or
according to schedule) certain files (e.g., all files, selected logical disks,
directories). By default, the main memory and startup files are scanned
too. Since it is the user who decides when to launch a task, there is no
need to worry about the sufficiency of computational resources needed
for other important processes.
SpIDer Guard constantly resides in the main memory of the PC and
intercepts calls made to the objects of the file system. The program
checks for viruses in files that are being launched, created, or changed
on the hard drives and those that are opened on removable media and
network drives. Due to a balanced approach to the level of the file
system scanning details the program hardly disturbs other processes
on the PC. However, this results in insignificant decrease of virus
detection reliability.
An advantage of the program is that it provides you with uninterrupted
control of the virus situation during the entire time a PC is running. In
User Manual
35
3. Getting Started
addition, some viruses can only be detected by the guard through their
specific activity.
SpIDer Mail also constantly resides in the memory. The program
intercepts all calls from your mail clients to mail servers via POP3/
SMTP/IMAP4/NNTP protocols and scans incoming and outgoing e-mail
messages before they are received (or sent) by the mail client.
SpIDer Mail is designed to check all current mail traffic going
through a computer. As a result, it becomes more efficient and less
resource-consuming to scan mailboxes. For example, you can control
attempts at mass distribution of a mail worm's functional copies to the
addresses specified in the user address book which is performed via
the worm's own mail clients. You can also disable scanning of e-mail
files for SpIDer Guard, which considerably reduces consumption of
computer resources.
Dr. Web Firewall protects your computer from unauthorized access
and prevents vital data from leaking through networks. Firewall
monitors connection attempts and data transfer and helps you block
unwanted or suspicious connections on both network and application
levels.
User Manual
36
3. Getting Started
Ensuring Protection Against Virus Threats
To ensure comprehensive anti-virus protection, we advise you to use
the Dr.Web Anti-virus components as follows:
Scan your computer file system with the default (maximum)
scanning detail settings.
Keep default settings of SpIDer Guard.
Perform complete e-mail scanning with SpIDer Mail.
Block all unknown connections with Dr.Web Firewall.
Perform a periodic complete scan of your PC that coincides with
when virus database updates are issued (at least once a week).
Immediately perform a complete scan whenever SpIDer Guard
has been temporarily disabled and the PC was connected to the
Internet or files were downloaded from removable media.
Anti-virus protection can only be effective if you update the virus
databases and other program files regularly (preferably every
hour). For more information, read Automatic Updating.
User Manual
37
3. Getting Started
3.1. SpIDer Agent
After Dr.Web Anti-virus has been installed, a SpIDer Agent icon is added to the taskbar notification area.
If you hover the mouse cursor over the icon, a pop-up appears with
information about the components that are running, the date of last
update, and amount of virus signatures in the virus databases.
Furthermore, notifications, which are adjusted in the settings (see
below), may appear above the SpIDer Agent icon.
The context menu of the icon allows to perform the main management
and settings functions of Dr.Web Anti-virus.
The About item opens a window showing information about your
version of Dr.Web Anti-virus.
The Register license item starts the registration procedure for
receiving a key file from Doctor Web servers.
The My Dr.Web item opens your personal web page on the Doctor
Web official website. This page gives information about your license
User Manual
38
3. Getting Started
(e.g., period of usage, serial number), and allows you to renew your
license, contact Technical Support, etc.
The Help item opens the Dr.Web Anti-virus help system.
The SpIDer Guard, SpIDer Mail and Update items allow you to
access the management and settings features of the corresponding
components.
The Scanner item runs Dr.Web Scanner.
The Disable/Enable Self-protection item allows you to disable/
enable protection of Dr.Web Anti-virus files, registry keys, and
processes from damage and deletion.
You cannot disable self-protection when in User mode. It is not
recommended to disable self-protection.
If any problems occur during operation of defragmentation
programs, disable self-protection temporarily.
To disable self-protection:
select Disable self-protection in the SpIDer Agent menu;
enter the text displayed in the picture.
The Enable self-protection item will appear.
To rollback to a system restore point, disable self-protection.
The Tools item opens a submenu that provides access to:
License Manager
General Settings of Dr.Web Anti-virus operation
Quarantine
Anti-virus Network
Report generation wizard.
Before contacting Doctor Web Technical Support, generate a
User Manual
39
3. Getting Started
report than indicates how your operating system and Dr.Web
Anti-virus are functioning.To adjust parameters, in the opened
window, click Report settings. The report will be stored as an
archive in the Doctor Web subfolder of the %USERPROFILE%
directory.
The Administrative/User mode item allows you to switch between
full-function Administrative mode and restricted User mode. In
User mode, access to settings of components is forbidden, as well as
disabling of all components and self-protection. License Manageris
not available, too. You need administrative rights to switch to
Administrative mode.
This item displays when you do not have administrative privileges.
For instance, this item displays when you log into Microsoft
Windows 2000 or Windows XP operating systems as a nonprivileged user, or when User Account Control of Windows Vista or
Microsoft Windows 7 operating system is enabled. Otherwise, the
item is hidden and Dr.Web Anti-virus operates in full-function
mode all the time.
User Manual
40
3. Getting Started
3.2. General Settings
General settings of Dr.Web Anti-virus operation is configured in the
Dr.Web Settings window. To open this window, click the SpIDer
Agent icon in the notification area, select Tools, and then select
Settings.
Settings Page
On this page you can specify the language of the Dr.Web Anti-virus
GUI by selecting the necessary language in the Language list. If you
choose language that hasn't been installed, Dr.Web Anti-virus will
suggest to install it.
Also in this window you can select the types of pop-up notifications
which appear above the SpIDer Agent icon in the taskbar notification
area. Components send notifications when a corresponding event
happens (i.e. when a threat is detected or an update is performed).
User Manual
41
3. Getting Started
Components Page
On this page you can configure automatic launching of Dr.Web Antivirus components on system startup.
Update Page
On this page you can configure Dr.Web Anti-virus update
parameters such as components that should be updated, an updating
source, update period, and update mirror.
User Manual
42
3. Getting Started
Update source
To select an update source, click Change. In the opened window
select one of the following update sources:
Internet (recommended) – updates are to be downloaded
from Doctor Web servers. This source is used by default;
Local or network folder – updates are to be downloaded from
a local or network folder, where updates were copied. To specify
the path to the folder, click Browse and select the required
folder, or enter the address manually. Enter the user name and
password if necessary;
Anti-virus Network – updates are to be downloaded from a
local network computer if Dr.Web product is installed and
update mirror is created on it.
Update mirror
To allow other local network computers with installed Dr.Web
products to use your computer as an update source, in the Update
mirror click Change and select Create update mirror in the
User Manual
43
3. Getting Started
opened window. Specify the path to the folder, where updates should
be copied. If your computer is connected to several networks, you can
specify IP-address available to computers of only one network. You
can also specify the port for HTTP connections.
Network access mode
On this page you can also configure network access. To do this, in the
Network access mode click Change and then select one of the
following modes:
If you do not use proxy server for Internet connections, select
Direct connection.
If you want to specify proxy server settings manually, select
User-defined and enter connection parameters.
Also you can set the Enable detailed logging flag to increase
change log detail level. All changes are logged into dwupdater.log, that
is located in %allusersprofile%\Application Data\Doctor Web\Logs\
folder (in Windows 7, %allusersprofile%\Doctor Web\Logs\).
User Manual
44
3. Getting Started
Advanced Page
On this page, you can specify self-protection parameters and disable
miscellaneous operations that may compromise security of your
computer.
If any problems occur during installation of important Microsoft
updates or installation and operation of programs (including
defragmentation programs), disable the corresponding options in
this group.
Doctor Web Certificate
You may need to scan data transmitted in accordance with SSL
protocol. For instance, you can set SpIDer Mail to receive and send
messages via POP3S, SMTPS, or IMAPS. These protocols use
encrypted SSL connections. In order for Dr.Web Anti-virus to scan
such encrypted traffic and maintain transparent integration with some
browsers and mail clients that do not refer to the Windows system
certificate storage, it may be necessary to import Doctor Web SSL
certificate into the application certificate storages. To save the
certificate from the system storage for future use in third party
applications, click Export and select a convenient folder.
User Manual
45
3. Getting Started
Password protection
Here you can configure the following options:
Allow remote access to Dr.Web Anti-virus on your computer
and set a password that will be required to connect to your antivirus from other computers.
Protect Dr.Web Anti-virus settings on your computer with a
password. Set a password that will be required to access
settings of Dr.Web Anti-virus.
User Manual
46
3. Getting Started
3.3. License Manager
License Manager shows information from the Dr.Web Anti-virus
key files in an understandable form.
The License Manager item is available in the menu when
operation in Administrative mode only.
To open License Manager, click the SpIDer Agent icon in the
notification area, select Tools, and then select License Manager.
Selected Dr.Web Anti-virus components for your license are
specified in the Dr. Web antivirus components group box.
The Online service My Dr.Web item opens your personal web page
on the official Dr.Web Anti-virus website. This page gives
information about your license (period of usage, serial number), allows
to renew your license, contact Technical Support, etc.
To start the registration procedure for receiving the key file from
User Manual
47
3. Getting Started
Doctor Web servers, click Get new licence and select from
Internet in the drop-down menu. That launches key file obtaining.
To add a key file
1. Click Get new licence. In the drop-down menu, select from
file.
2. Select the file in a standard window.
3. Dr.Web Anti-virus starts using the key file automatically.
If you received a key file during installation or in the distribution kit
complete set, installation of a key file is made automatically and does
not demand any additional actions.
To delete a key file from a list, select it and click Delete current
licence. Last used key cannot be removed.
By default, the license key file should be located in the Dr.Web
Anti-virus installation folder. Dr.Web Anti-virus verifies the file
regularly. Do not edit or otherwise modify the file to prevent the
license from compromise.
If no valid license or demo key file is found, Dr.Web Anti-virus
components are blocked. To receive a valid key file, select
Register License in the context menu of the SpIDer Agent .
User Manual
48
3. Getting Started
3.4. Quarantine
The Quarantine section of Dr.Web Anti-virus serves for isolation of
files that are suspicious as malware. Quarantine folders are created
separately on each logic disk where suspicious files are found. When
infected objects are detected at the portable data carrier accessible for
writing, the Quarantine folder will be created on the data carrier and
infected objects will be moved to this folder.
To open Quarantine Manager, click the SpIDer Agent icon in
the notification area, select Tools, and then select Quarantine
Manager.
In the center of the window the table with the quarantine state is
displayed. The following columns are included:
Name – name list of the objects in the quarantine
Threat – malware classification, which is assigned by Dr.Web
Anti-virus during automatic moving to the quarantine
Path – full path of the object before moving to the quarantine
User Manual
49
3. Getting Started
The bottom pane of the window displays detailed information about
the selected objects. You can also display this information in the table.
To configure table view:
1. Right-click the header of the table and select Customize
columns.
2. In the opened window, set the checkboxes next to those items
that you want to display in the table, or clear the checkboxes
next to those items that you want to hide. You can also do one
of the following:
To select checkboxes for all items, click Check all
To clear all checkboxes, click Uncheck all
3. Use Move up and Move down to change position of a
column in the table.
4. After editing, click OK to save the changes or Cancel to cancel
them.
The left pane serves to filter the quarantine objects to display. Click
the corresponding option to display all quarantine objects or just
specified groups: files, mail objects, web pages or all other objects, not
classified.
In the quarantine window only the users with access rights to the files
can see these that files.
Use the following buttons to manage the quarantine:
Add – add the file to the quarantine. Select the necessary file in
the opened file system browser
Restore – remove the file from the quarantine and restore the
original location of the file, i.e. restore the file to the folder
where it had resided before it was moved to the quarantine
Use this option only when you are sure that the objects are not
harmful.
In the drop-down menu you can choose Restore to – restore the
file to the folder specified by the user.
User Manual
50
3. Getting Started
Rescan – scan the file one more time. If during rescan file is
detected as clean, Quarantine Manager will suggest to
restore it.
Remove – delete the file from the quarantine and from the
system
Right-click anywhere in the table to access the following options:
Submit file to Doctor Web Laboratory – send a file to
Doctor Web Virus Laboratory for checking
Copy hash to clipboard – copy hash of the file, computed
using MD5 or SHA256 function, to clipboard
To manage several objects simultaneously, select necessary objects in
the quarantine window and select necessary action in the drop-down
menu.
In the bottom of the quarantine window the detailed information about
selected items is displayed.
To configure Quarantine parameters, click the Settings
button
in the Quarantine window. The Quarantine properties window will
be opened. In this window you can change the following parameters:
In the Set quarantine size section you can configure the
amount of disk space for Quarantine folder
In the View section, you can set the Show backup files
checkbox to display backup copies of Quarantine files in the
object table
Backup copies are created automatically during moving files to the
Quarantine. Even if Quarantine files are kept permanently, their
backup copies are kept temporarily.
User Manual
51
4. Dr.Web Scanner
4. Dr.Web Scanner
By default, the program scans all files for viruses using both the virus
database and the heuristic analyzer (a method based on the general
algorithms of virus developing allowing to detect the viruses unknown
to the program with a high probability). Executable files compressed
with special packers are unpacked when scanned. Files in archives of
all commonly used types (ACE, ALZIP, AR, ARJ, BGA, 7-ZIP, BZIP2,
CAB, GZIP, DZ, HA, HKI, LHA, RAR, TAR, ZIP, etc.), in containers (1C,
CHM, MSI, RTF, ISO, CPIO, DEB, RPM, etc.), and in mailboxes of mail
programs (the format of mail messages should conform to RFC822)
are also checked.
By default, Dr.Web Scanner uses all detection methods to detect
viruses and other malicious software. Information on all infected or
suspicious objects displays in the table where you can manually select
a necessary action.
The default settings are optimal for most cases. However, if necessary,
you can modify actions suggested upon threat detection by using Dr.
Web Scanner settings window. Please note that you can set custom
action for each detected threat after scan is completed, but common
reaction for a particular threat type should be configured beforehand.
User Manual
52
4. Dr.Web Scanner
User Manual
53
4. Dr.Web Scanner
4.1. Scanning Your System
Dr.Web Scanner is installed as a usual Windows application and can
be launched by the user or automatically (see Automatic Launch of
Scanning).
It is recommended for the scanner to be run by a user with
administrator rights because files to which unprivileged users have
no access (including system folders) are not scanned.
To launch Scanner:
Do one of the following:
Click the Dr. Web Scanner icon on the Desktop.
Click the Scanner item in the context menu of the
SpIDer Agent icon in the taskbar notification area (see
SpIDer Agent chapter).
Click the Dr.Web Scanner item in All Programs -> Dr.
Web directory of the Windows Start menu.
Run the corresponding command in the Windows
command line (read Command Line Scanning Mode).
When Scanner launches its main window opens.
There are 3 scanning modes: Express scan, Complete scan and
Custom scan. Depending on the selected mode, either a list of
objects which will be scanned or a file system tree is displayed at the
center of the window.
In Express scan mode the following objects are scanned:
Random access memory
Boot sectors of all disks
Autorun objects
Boot disk root directory
Windows installation disk root directory
Windows system folder
User Manual
54
4. Dr.Web Scanner
User documents folder ("My documents")
System temporary folder
User temporary folder
If scanning process is running under administrative privileges, then in
this mode Scanner also checks if rootkits are present in the system.
If Complete scan mode is selected, random access memory and all
hard drives (including boot sectors of all disks) are scanned. Scanner
also runs a check on rootkits.
Custom scan mode allows you to select objects for scanning: any
folders and files, and such objects as random access memory, autorun
objects, boot sectors, etc. To start scanning selected objects, click
Start scanning.
When scanning starts, Pause and Stop buttons become available.
You can do the following:
to pause scanning, click Pause button. To resume scanning
after pause, click Resume button;
to stop scanning, click Stop button.
User Manual
55
4. Dr.Web Scanner
The Pause button is not available at scanning processes and
RAM.
User Manual
56
4. Dr.Web Scanner
4.2. Neutralizing Detected Threats
By default, if known viruses or computer threats of other types are
detected during scanning, Dr.Web Scanner informs you about them.
You can neutralize all detected threats at once by clicking Neutralize.
In this case Dr.Web Scanner applies the most effective actions
according its configuration and treat type. When necessary, you can
apply actions separately or change default action for particular threats.
Threats to your security can be neutralized either by restoring the
original state of each infected objects (curing), or, when curing is
impossible, by removing the infected object completely from your
operating system (deleting).
To select an action:
1. Where necessary, select a custom action from the drop-down
list in the Action field. By default, Scanner selects a
recommended action for the type of detected threat.
User Manual
57
4. Dr.Web Scanner
2. Click Neutralize. Scanner applies all selected actions to the
detected threats.
Suspicious objects are moved to Quarantine and should be sent
for analysis to the anti-virus laboratory of Doctor Web. To send
the files, right-click anywhere in the Quarantine windows and
select Submit file to Doctor Web Laboratory.
There are some limitations:
For suspicious objects curing is impossible.
For objects which are not files (boot sectors) moving and
deletion is impossible.
For files inside archives, installation packages or attachments, no
actions are possible.
The detailed report on the program’s operation is saved in dwscanner.
log file that resides in the %USERPROFILE%\Doctor Web folder.
User Manual
58
4. Dr.Web Scanner
4.3. Scanner Settings
It is recommended for Scanner to be run by a user with
administrator privileges because files to which unprivileged users
have no access (including system folders) are not scanned.
Default program settings are optimal for most applications and they
should not be modified, if there is no special need for it.
To configure Scanner:
1. To open Scanner settings, click the Settings
icon on the
toolbar. This opens the Dr.Web Scanner settings window
which contains several tabs.
2. Make the necessary changes.
3. For more detailed information on the settings specified in each
tab use the Help
button.
4. When editing is finished click OK to save the changes made or
Cancel to cancel the changes.
User Manual
59
4. Dr.Web Scanner
Main Page
On this tab you can set general parameters of Scanner operation.
You can enable sound notifications on particular events, set Scanner
to apply recommended actions to detected threats automatically, and
configure Scanner interaction with the operating system.
It is recommended to run Scanner under an account with
administrative privileges. Otherwise, all folders and files that are not
accessible to unprivileged user including system folder are not
scanned. To run Scanner under an administrative account, select the
Run scanning process with administrative rights checkbox.
User Manual
60
4. Dr.Web Scanner
Actions Page
To set reaction on threat detection:
1. Select the Actions tab in the Scanner settings window.
2. In the Infected objects drop-down list, select the program’s
action upon detection of an infected object.
3. Select the program’s action upon detection of an incurable
object in the Incurable objects drop-down list. The range of
actions is the same as for infected objects, but the Cure action
is not available.
The Move to quarantine action is the best in most
cases.
4. In the Suspicious objects drop-down list select the
program’s action upon detection of a suspicious object (fully
similar to the previous paragraph).
5. Similar actions should be specified for detection of objects
containing Adware, Dialers, Jokes, Riskware and Hacktools.
6. The same way the automatic actions of the program upon
User Manual
61
4. Dr.Web Scanner
detection of viruses or suspicious codes in file archives,
installation packages and mailboxes, applied to these objects as
a whole, are set up.
7. To cure some infected files it is necessary to reboot Windows.
You can choose one of the following:
Restart computer automatically. It can lead to loss of
unsaved data.
Prompt restart
Log Page
In the Log page you can set up the parameters of the log file.
Most parameters set by default should be left unchanged. However,
you can change the details of logging (by default, the information on
infected or suspicious objects is always logged; the information on the
scanned packed files and archives and on successful scanning of other
files is omitted).
User Manual
62
4. Dr.Web Scanner
4.4. Scanning in Command Line Mode
You can run Scanner in the command line mode, then you can
specify settings of the current scanning session and list objects for
scanning as additional parameters. This mode provides automatic
activation of Scanner according to schedule.
To run scanning from command line:
Enter a command in the following format:
[<path_to_program>]drweb32w [<obj ects>] [<switches>]
The list of objects for scanning can be empty or contain several
elements separated with blanks.
The most commonly used examples of specifying the objects for
scanning are given below:
/FAST perform an express scan of the system (for more
information on the express scan mode see Scan Modes).
/FULL perform a full scan of all hard drives and removable data
carriers (including boot sectors).
/LITE perform a basic scan of random access memory, boot
sectors of all disks and startup objects.
Switches are command line parameters that specify program settings.
If no switches are defined, scanning is performed with the settings
specified earlier (or with the default settings if you have not changed
them).
Each switch begins with a forward slash (/) character and is separated
with a blank from other switches.
User Manual
63
4. Dr.Web Scanner
4.5. Console Scanner
Dr.Web Anti-virus also includes Console Scanner that provides
advanced settings.
Console Scanner moves suspicious files to Quarantine.
To run Console Scanner:
Enter the following command:
[<path_to_program>]dwscancl [<switches>] [<obj ects>]
The list of objects for scanning can be empty or contain several
elements separated with blanks.
Switches are command line parameters that specify program settings.
Several parameters are divided by spaces. For the full list of available
switches, refer to Appendix А.
Return codes:
0 – Scanning was completed successfully, infected objects were
not found
1 – Scanning was completed successfully, infected objects were
detected
10 – Invalid keys are specified
11 – Key file is not found or does not license Console Scanner
12 – Scanning Engine did not start
255 – Scanning was aborted by user
User Manual
64
5. SpIDer Guard
5. SpIDer Guard
By default, SpIDer Guard is loaded automatically at every Windows
startup and cannot be unloaded during the current Windows session.
If necessary, you can temporarily disable SpIDer Guard (for
example, when a task consuming too much processor resources is
performed in real time mode).
Only the user with administrator rights can temporarily disable
SpIDer Guard.
By default, SpIDer Guard performs on-access scanning of files that
are being created or changed on the HDD and all files that are opened
on removable media. It scans these files in the same way as the
Scanner but with "milder" options. Besides, SpIDer Guard
constantly monitors running processes for virus-like activity and, if
they are detected, blocks these processes.
By default, upon detection of infected objects SpIDer Guard supplied
with Dr.Web Anti-virus acts according to actions set on the
Actions tab.
You can set the program’s reaction to virus events by adjusting the
corresponding settings. A user can control it with the help of the
Statistics window and the log file.
User Manual
65
5. SpIDer Guard
5.1. Managing SpIDer Guard
Мain tools for setting and managing in SpIDer Guard reside in its
menu.
The Statistics menu item allows to open the Statistics window,
where the information on the operation of SpIDer Guard during the
current session is displayed (the number of scanned, infected or
suspicious objects, virus-like activities and actions taken).
The Settings menu item gives access to the main part of the program
parameters (for details, see SpIDer Guard Settings).
The Disable item allows to temporary disable program functions (for
users with administrator rights only).
Access to the SpIDer Guard settings is possible only for the user
with administrator rights.
To disable SpIDer Guard, enter confirmation code.
User Manual
66
5. SpIDer Guard
5.2. SpIDer Guard Settings
The main adjustable parameters of SpIDer Guard are in the
Settings panel. To receive help on parameters specified on a page,
select that page and click Help
.
When you finish editing the parameters click OK to save changes or
Cancel to cancel the changes made.
Some of the most frequently changed settings of the program are
described below.
Scanning Page
By default, SpIDer Guard is set in Optimal mode to scan files that
are being executed, created or changed on the hard drives and all files
that are opened on removable media.
In Paranoid mode SpIDer Guard scans files that are being opened,
created or changed on the hard drives, on removable media and
network drives.
Selecting the Use heuristic analysis checkbox enables the heuristic
analyser mode (a method of virus detection based on the analysis of
actions specific for viruses).
User Manual
67
5. SpIDer Guard
Certain external devices (e.g. mobile drives with USB interface) can
be identified by the system as hard drives. That is why such devices
should be used with utmost care and checked for viruses by the
Scanner when connected to a computer.
Disabled scanning of archives, even if SpIDer Guard is constantly
active, means that viruses can still easily penetrate a PC but their
detection will be postponed. When the infected archive is unpacked
(or an infected message is opened), an attempt to write the
infected object on the hard drive will be taken and SpIDer Guard
will inevitably detect it.
In Additional tasks group, you can configure SpIDer Guard
parameters to check the following objects:
Executables of running processes regardless of their location
Installation files
Files on network drives
Files and boot sectors on removable devices
These parameters are applied in any scan mode.
Also you can select Block autoruns from removable media check-
User Manual
68
5. SpIDer Guard
box to disable autoplay option for portable data storages such as CD/
DVD, flash memory etc. This option helps to protect you computer
from viruses transmitted via removable media.
If any problem occur during installation with autorun option, it is
recommended to remove Block autoruns from removable
media flag.
Exclusions Page
On this page folders and files to be excluded from checking are
specified.
In the Exluded folders and files field the list of folders and files to
be excluded from scanning can be set. These can be the quarantine
folder of the anti-virus, some program folders, temporary files (swap
files), etc.
To add a file, folder or mask to the list type its name into the entry
field and click Add. To enter an existing file name or folder you can
click Browse to the right and select the object in a standard file
browsing window.
To remove a file or folder from the list select it in the list and click
Remove.
Actions Page
On this page you can adjust SpIDer Guard reaction to infected
objects.
The Cure, Ignore, Delete and Move to quarantine actions are
similar to those of the Scanner. All actions with files are described in
Appendix B. Computer Threats and Neutralization Methods chapter.
User Manual
69
5. SpIDer Guard
To change the default actions in SpIDer Guard:
1. In the SpIDer Guard Settings window select the Actions
tab.
2. In the Infected objects drop-down list choose the program’s
action upon detection of an infected object. Cure action is
recommended.
3. In the Incurable objects drop-down list choose the
program’s action upon detection of an incurable object. Move
to quarantine action is recommended.
4. In the Suspicious objects drop-down list choose the
program’s action upon detection of a suspicious object. Move
to quarantine action is recommended.
5. In the Adware and Dialers drop-down lists choose the
program’s action upon detection of dangerous files. Move to
quarantine action is recommended.
6. The same procedure is used when setting the program’s
actions upon detection of objects containing jokes, riskware
and hacktools. Ignore action is recommended.
7. Click OK to apply changes and close the SpIDer Guard
Settings window.
User Manual
70
5. SpIDer Guard
Log Page
On this page, you can select the mode of keeping records in the log
file:
Standard – in this mode, SpIDer Guard logs the following
most important actions only:
Time of updates
Time of SpIDer Guard starts and stops
Detected errors and infections
Extended – in this mode, SpIDer Guard logs the most
important actions and the following additional data:
Names of scanned objects
Names of packers
Contents of scanned complex objects (archives, mail
boxes and file containers)
It is recommended to use this mode when determining objects
that SpIDer Guard checks most often.
Debugging – in this mode, SpIDer Guard logs all details on
its activity. This may result in considerable log growth.
The SpIDer Guard log is stored in the spiderg3.log file that is located
in folder %allusersprofile%\Application Data\Doctor Web\Logs\ (for
Windows 7, %allusersprofile%\Doctor Web\Logs). It is recommended
to analyze the log file periodically.
User Manual
71
6. SpIDer Mail
6. SpIDer Mail
By default, SpIDer Mail for Windows is included into the set of
installed components, constantly resides in the memory and
automatically reloads at Windows startup. You can disable the
automatic launch mode in SpIDer Agent settings.
By default, the program automatically intercepts all calls of any mail
programs on your computer to POP3 servers on port 110, to SMTP
servers on port 25, to IMAP4 servers on port 143 and to NNTP servers
on port 119.
Any incoming messages are intercepted by SpIDer Mail before they
are received by the mail client. They are scanned for viruses with the
maximum possible level of detail. If no viruses or suspicious objects
are found they are passed on to the mail program in a "transparent"
mode, as if it was received immediately from the server. Similar
procedure is applied for outgoing messages before they are sent to
servers.
By default, the program’s reaction upon detection of infected incoming
messages, as well as messages that were not scanned (e.g. due to
their complicated structure) is as follows:
Messages infected with a virus are not delivered; the mail
program receives an instructions to delete this message; the
server receives a notification that the message had been
received (this action is called deletion of the message).
Messages with suspicious objects are moved to the quarantine
folder as separate files; the mail program receives a notification
about this (this action is called moving the message).
Messages that were not scanned and safe messages are passed
on.
All deleted or moved messages are also deleted from the POP3
or IMAP4 server.
Infected or suspicious outgoing messages are not sent to the server; a
user is notified that a message will not be sent (usually the mail
program will save it).
User Manual
72
6. SpIDer Mail
If an unknown virus distributing through e-mail is resided on the
computer, the program can detect signs of a typical "behavior" for
such viruses (mass distribution). By default, this option is enabled.
The default program settings are optimal for a beginner, provide
maximum protection level and require minimum user interference. But
some options of mail programs are blocked (for example, sending a
message to many addresses might be considered as mass distribution
and mail will not be scanned for spam), useful information (from their
safe text part) becomes unavailable if messages are automatically
destroyed. Advanced users can modify mail scanning parameters and
the program’s reactions to virus events.
In certain cases automatic interception of POP3, SMTP, IMAP4 and
NNTP connections is impossible; in such situation the program allows
to set up manual interception of connections.
Dr.Web Scanner can also detect viruses in mailboxes of several
formats, but SpIDer Mail has several advantages:
Not all formats of popular mailboxes are supported by Dr.Web
Scanner. In this case, when using SpIDer Mail, the infected
messages are not even delivered to mailboxes.
The Scanner does not check the mailboxes at the moment of
the mail receipt, but either on user demand or according to
schedule. Furthermore, this action is rather resource-consuming
and takes a lot of time.
Thus, with all the components in their default settings, SpIDer Mail
detects viruses and suspicious objects distributed via e-mail first and
does not let them infiltrate into your computer. Its operation is rather
resource-sparing; scanning of e-mail files can be performed without
other components.
User Manual
73
6. SpIDer Mail
6.1. Managing SpIDer Mail
SpIDer Mail can be managed via the SpIDer Mail item in the
context menu of the SpIDer Agent icon (see SpIDer Agent).
If the Settings menu item is selected, a window with SpIDer Mail
settings will open (read Adjusting Certain Program Settings).
User should have administrator rights to change settings of the
SpIDer Mail interface.
If the Statistics menu item is selected, a window with information on
the program’s operation during current session (the number of
scanned, infected, suspicious objects and taken actions) will open.
The Disable/Enable item allows to start/stop SpIDer Mail.
User Manual
74
6. SpIDer Mail
6.2. SpIDer Mail Settings
To modify SpIDer Mail settings open the settings window as
described in Managing SpIDer Mail.
When editing the settings, use the program’s help system (general
help for each page is generated by pressing the Help
button; there
is also a context prompt for certain elements of the interface).
When adjusting is finished, click OK.
Most default settings are optimal for the majority of situations. The
most frequently used parameters, except the default ones are
described below.
User Manual
75
6. SpIDer Mail
To configure default actions:
1. In the Infected messages drop-down list choose the
program’s action upon detection of an infected message (Cure
action is recommended).
2. In the Incurable messages drop-down list choose the
program’s action upon detection of an incurable
message (Move to quarantine action is recommended).
Other actions with moved files are described in
Neutralizing Detected Threats.
3. In the Suspicious messages drop-down list choose the
program’s action upon detection of
a
suspicious
message. (Move to quarantine action is recommended).
4. In the Non checked messages and Malformed messages
drop-down lists choose the program’s action upon detection of
a non-checked or malformed message. (Ignore action is
recommended).
5. In the Adware and Dialers drop-down lists choose the
program’s action upon detection of adware and dilers. (Move
to quarantine action is recommended).
6. The same procedure is used when setting the program’s
actions upon detection of messages containing jokes, riskware
and hacktools. (Ignore action is recommended).
7. Click OK to apply changes and close the SpIDer Mail
Settings window.
Protection against suspicious messages can be disabled if a PC is
additionally protected by a constantly loaded SpIDer Guard
component.
Additionally, you can increase the default level of reliability of anti-virus
protection by selecting the Move to quarantine option in the Not
checked messages drop-down list. Files with moved messages
should be checked by the scanner.
You can enable the mode when the deleted or moved messages are
immediately deleted from the POP3/IMAP4 server. For this, set the
Delete modified messages on server check box in advanced
settings.
User Manual
76
6. SpIDer Mail
To get access to advanced settings, click Options
Exclusions Page
By default, SpIDer Mail intercepts e-mail traffic of all applications
running on your computer automatically. On this page, you can list
applications whose mail traffic you want to exclude from monitoring
with SpIDer Mail.
To add a file, folder or mask to the list type its name into the entry
field and click Add. To enter an existing file name or folder you can
click Browse to the right and select the object in a standard file
browsing window.
To remove a file or folder from the list select it in the list and click
Remove.
Interception Page
The interception parameters of connections are set up on the
Interception page.
User Manual
77
6. SpIDer Mail
By default, interception is carried out automatically. The list of
intercepted addresses can be viewed in an additional window. To open
it, click Parameters.
By default, the list of automatically intercepted messages includes all
IP addresses (specified by the asterisk * symbol) and the following
ports: 143 (standard IMAP4 port), 119 (standard NNTP port), 110
(standard POP3 port) and 25 (standard SMTP port).
To remove an element from the list, select it and click Remove.
To add a server or a group of servers to the list, specify its address (IP
User Manual
78
6. SpIDer Mail
address or domain name) in the Address field and the called port
number into the Port field and click Add.
The localhost address is not intercepted if the asterisk (*) is
specified. If necessary, this address should be specified in the
interception list explicitly.
To set up manual interception
1. On the Interception page, select Manual connections
setup and click Parameters. A window for setting up manual
connections opens.
2. Make up a list of resources (POP3/SMTP/IMAP4/NNTP servers)
connections to which should be intercepted. Number them one
after another starting from 7000. Hereinafter these numbers
will be called SpIDer Mail ports.
3. For every resource input the appropriate number into the
SpIDer Mail port entry field, a domain name or IP address of
the server into the Server address entry field and the port
number to which a connection is made into the Server port
entry field and click Add.
4. Repeat these actions for each resource.
5. Click OK.
User Manual
79
6. SpIDer Mail
In the settings of the mail client, instead of the address and port of
POP3/SMTP/IMAP4/NNTP server, specify the address localhost:
port_SpIDer_Mail, where port_SpIDer_Mail is the address assigned
to an appropriate POP3/SMTP/IMAP4/NNTP server.
Secure Connections
You can enable scanning of data transmitted via secure protocols such
as POP3S, SMTPS, or IMAPS. To check such data, select the Check
encrypted traffic (POP3S/SMTPS/IMAPS) checkbox under
Secure Connections. If your client application (a mail client) that
uses secure connections does not refer to the default Windows system
certificate storage, then you need to export Doctor Web SSL
certificate.
Log Page
On this page, you can select the mode of keeping records in the log
file:
Standard – (Suitable for most cases) in this mode, SpIDer
Mail logs the following most important actions only:
Time of updates
Time of SpIDer Mail starts and stops
Detected errors and infections
Extended – in this mode, SpIDer Mail logs the most
important actions and the following additional data:
Mail interception parameters
Names of scanned objects
Names of packers
Contents of scanned complex objects (archives, mail
boxes and file containers)
Debugging – in this mode, SpIDer Mail logs all details on its
activity. This may result in considerable log growth and reduce
system performance.
User Manual
80
6. SpIDer Mail
The SpIDer Mail log is stored in the netfilter.log file that is located in
folder %allusersprofile%\Application Data\Doctor Web\Logs\ (for
Windows 7, %allusersprofile%\Doctor Web\Logs\). It is recommended
to analyze the log file periodically.
User Manual
81
7. Dr.Web for Outlook
7. Dr.Web for Outlook
Dr.Web for Outlook plug-in performs the following functions:
Anti-virus check of e-mail attachments transferred via SMTP,
POP3 and HTTP protocols.
Check of e-mail attachments transferred via SSL encrypted
connections.
Detection and neutralizing of malicious objects.
Malware detection.
Heuristic analysis for additional protection against unknown
viruses.
7.1. Configuring Dr.Web for Outlook
You can configure Dr.Web for Outlook plug-in operation and review
statistics at the Microsoft Outlook mail application, in the Tools
Options
Dr.Web Anti-virus tab (in the Files
Options select
Dr.Web for Outlook and click Add-in Options button for Microsoft
Outlook 2010).
The Dr.Web Anti-virus tab of Microsoft Outlook parameters are
active only if user has permissions to change these settings.
On Dr.Web Anti-Virus tab, the current protection status is displayed
(enabled/disabled) and it provided the access to the following program
functions:
Log – allows to configure the program logging.
Check attachments – allows to configure the e-mails check and
to specify the program actions for the detected malicious
objects.
Statistics – allows to review the number of checked and
processed objects.
User Manual
82
7. Dr.Web for Outlook
User Manual
83
7. Dr.Web for Outlook
7.2. Treat Detection
Dr.Web for Outlook uses different detection methods. The
infected objects are processed according to the actions defined by
user: the program can cure the infected objects, remove them or
move them to Quarantine to isolate them from the rest of the system.
7.2.1. Types of Threats
Dr.Web for Outlook detects the following computer security threats
in the mail:
Infected objects
Bomb viruses in files or archives
Adware
Hacktools
Dialer programs
Joke programs
Riskware
Spyware
Trojan horses (Trojans)
Computer worms and viruses
7.2.2. Configuring Actions
Dr.Web for Outlook allows to specify reaction to detection of
infected or suspicious files and malicious objects during e-mail
attachments check.
To configure the virus check of e-mail attachments and to specify the
program actions for the detected malicious objects, in the Microsoft
Outlook mail application, in the Tools
Options
Dr.Web Antivirus tab (in the Files
Options select Dr.Web for Outlook and
click Add-in Options button for Microsoft Outlook 2010), click Check
User Manual
84
7. Dr.Web for Outlook
attachments.
In the Check attachments window, specify the actions for different
types of checked objects and also for the check failure. You can also
enable/disable checking the archives.
To set actions on virus threats detection, use the
following options:
The Infected drop-down list sets the reaction to the detection
of a file infected with a known virus.
The Not cured drop-down list sets the reaction to the detection
of a file infected with a known incurable virus (and in case an
attempt to cure a file failed).
The Suspicious drop-down list sets the reaction to the
User Manual
85
7. Dr.Web for Outlook
detection of a file presumably infected with a virus (upon a
reaction of the heuristic analyzer).
In the Malware section, set the reaction to the detection of
types of unsolicited software such as:
Dialers
Jokes
Riskware
Hakctools
The If checked failed drop-down list allows to configure
actions, if attachment can not be checked, e.g. if attached file is
corrupted of password protected.
The Check archives (recommended) flag allows to enable or
disable checking of attached archived files. Set this flag, to
enable checking, clear – to disable.
For different types of objects, actions are assigned separately.
The following actions for detected virus threats are
provided:
Cure (only for infected objects) – instructs to try to restore the
original state of an object before infection.
As incurable (only for infected objects) – means, that the
action specified for incurable objects will be performed.
Delete – delete the object.
Move to quarantine – move the object to the special
Quarantine folder.
Skip – skip the object without performing any action or
displaying a notification.
User Manual
86
7. Dr.Web for Outlook
7.4. Logging
Dr.Web for Outlook registers errors and application events in the
following logs:
Windows Event Log
Text Dr.Web debug log
7.4.1. Event Log
Dr.Web for Outlook registers the following information in the
Windows Event Log:
Plug-in starts and stops.
License key file parameters: license validation, license expiration
date (information is written during program launch, during
program operating and when key file is changed).
License errors: the key file is absent, permissions for usage of
program modules is absent in the key file, licence is blocked, the
key file is corrupted (information is written during program
launch and during program operating).
Parameters of program modules: Scanner, engine, virus bases
(information is written during program launch and modules
update).
Information on threats detection.
License expiration notifications (a message is registered in 30,
15, 7, 3, 2 and 1 days before expiration).
To view Event Log:
1. On the Control Panel, select Administrative Tools
Event Viewer.
2. In the tree view, select Application. The list of events,
registered in the log by user applications, will be opened. The
source of Dr.Web for Outlook messages is the Dr.Web for
Outlook application.
User Manual
87
7. Dr.Web for Outlook
7.4.2. Debug Text Log
The following information can be registered in the Dr.Web for
Outlook text log:
License validity status
Malware detection reports per each detected malicious object
Read-write errors or errors while scanning for archives or
password-protected files
parameters of program modules: Scanner, engine, Dr.Web
virus databases
Core failures
License expiration notifications (A message is registered in 30,
15, 7, 3, 2 and 1 days before expiration)
User Manual
88
7. Dr.Web for Outlook
Enabling the program logging in the Log file decreases server
performance, therefore it is recommended to enable logging only in
case of errors occurrence in operation of Dr.Web for Outlook.
To configure logging:
1. On Dr.Web Anti-virus tab, click Log. The window of log
settings will open.
2. Specify the detailing level (0 - 5) for logging:
level 0 corresponds to disable logging
level 5 means the maximum level of details for the
program logging
By default, logging is disabled.
3. Specify the maximum log file size (in kilobytes).
4. Click OK to save changes.
The Log window will be available only for users with administrative
rights.
For Windows Vista and later operating systems, after clicking Log:
if UAC is enabled: administrator is requested to confirm
program actions, user without administrative rights is
requested to enter accounting data of system administrator
if UAC is disabled: administrator can change program
settings, user does not have the access to change program
settings.
To view program log:
To open the text log, click Show in folder.
User Manual
89
7. Dr.Web for Outlook
7.5. Statistics
In the Microsoft Outlook mail application, in the Tools
Options
Dr.Web Anti-virus tab (in the Files
Options select Dr.Web for
Outlook and click Add-in Options button for Microsoft Outlook 2010
), statistic information about total number of objects, which have been
checked and treated by the program is listed.
These scanned objects are classified as follows:
Checked – total number of checked messages.
Infected – number of messages with viruses.
Suspicious – number of messages presumably infected with a
virus (upon a reaction of the heuristic analyzer).
Cured – number of objects successfully cured by the program.
Not checked – number of objects, which can not be checked
or error has occurred during scan.
Clear – number of messages, which are not infected.
Then the number of the following categories of treated objects is
specified:
Moved to quarantine – number of objects, which have been
moved to Quarantine.
Deleted – number of objects, deleted from the system.
Skipped – number of objects, skipped without changes.
By default, statistics file is drwebforoutlook.stat file that is
located
in
the
%USERPROFILE%\DoctorWeb
folder
(for
Windows 7, C:\Users\<username>\DoctorWeb). To clear statistics,
delete this file.
drwebforoutlook.stat statistics file is individual for each
system user.
User Manual
90
8. Dr.Web Firewall
8. Dr.Web Firewall
Dr.Web® Firewall protects your computer from unauthorized access
and prevents leak of vital data through networks. Dr.Web Firewall
monitors connection attempts and data transfer and helps you block
unwanted or suspicious connections both on network and application
levels.
Main Features
Dr.Web Firewall provides you with the following features:
Control and filtration of all incoming and outgoing traffic
Access control on application level
Network level packet filtering
Fast selection of rule sets
Event logging
8.1. Training Dr.Web Firewall
By default, once installation completes Dr.Web Firewall starts
learning usual behaviour of your operating system by intercepting all
new (unknown to the firewall) connection attempts and prompting you
to select the necessary action.
You can either select a temporary solution, or create a rule which will
be applied each time Dr.Web Firewall detects this type of
connection.
When running under limited user account (Guest) Firewall does
not prompt requests for network access attempts. Notifications are
then forwarded to the session with administrator privileges, if such
session is simultaneously active.
User Manual
91
8. Dr.Web Firewall
To process connection attempts
1. To make a decision, consider the following information
displayed in the notification:
Information
Description
Application name
The name of the application. Ensure that the Path
to the application executable file corresponds to
its usual location.
Application path
The full path to the application executable file and
its name.
Digital signature
Digital signature of the application.
Endpoint
The protocol used and the network address the
application is trying to connect to.
Port
The network ports used for the connection
attempt.
Direction
Connection type.
User Manual
92
8. Dr.Web Firewall
2. Once you make a decision, select an appropriate action:
To block this connection once, select Block
To allow this connection once, select Allow
To open a window where you can create a new
application filter rule, select Create new rule. In the
opened window you can either choose one of the
predefined rules or create your rule for application.
3. Click OK. Dr.Web Firewall executes the selected action and
closes the notification window.
In cases when connection was initiated by a trusted application (an
application with existing rules), but this application was run by an
unknown parent process, a corresponding notification will be
prompted:
User Manual
93
8. Dr.Web Firewall
To set parent processes rules
1. Consider the information about parent process displayed in the
notification.
To block this connection once, select Block
To allow this connection once, select Allow
To open a window where you can create a new
application filter rule, select Create new rule. In the
opened window you can either choose one of the
predefined rules or create your rule for parent process.
User Manual
94
8. Dr.Web Firewall
2. Click OK. Dr.Web Firewall executes the selected action and
closes the notification window.
When unknown process was run by another unknown process, a
notification will display corresponding details. If you click Create new
rule, the new window will appear, allowing you to create new rules for
this application and it's parent process:
User Manual
95
8. Dr.Web Firewall
You need administrative rights to create rules.
8.2. Managing Dr.Web Firewall
Dr.Web Firewall installs as a network component and loads on
Windows startup. If necessary, you can suspend Dr.Web Firewall
operation, review its statistics, or change settings.
After a session under limited user account (Guest) is open Firewall
displays an access error message. Firewall status is then displayed
as inactive in SpIDer Agent. However, Firewall is enabled and
operates with default settings or settings set earlier in
administrative mode.
You can configure
SpIDer Agent.
and
manage
Dr.Web
Firewall
using
User Manual
96
8. Dr.Web Firewall
To manage Dr.Web Firewall
1. Right-click the SpIDer Agent icon
.
2. Select Firewall, then select a required item:
Item
Select to
Statistics
Display information on events which Dr.Web Firewall
handled.
Settings
Access adjustable Dr.Web Firewall settings.
On the Restore Defaults page you can restore all settings
to their default values.
Disable
Suspend Dr.Web Firewall operation. This operation is
available for users with administrative privileges only.
Enable
Resume Dr.Web Firewall operation. This item is available
when Dr.Web Firewall is disabled only.
To disable Dr.Web Firewall, enter confirmation code.
Settings and Disable/Enable items are not available in User
mode.
User Manual
97
8. Dr.Web Firewall
8.3. Firewall settings
You need administrative rights to access Dr.Web Firewall
settings.
To start using Dr.Web Firewall, do the following:
Select operation mode
List authorized applications
Dr.Web Firewall loads on Windows startup and starts logging
events. By default, Dr.Web Firewall operates in learning mode.
If any problems occur with Internet Connection Sharing (i.e. access
to the Internet is blocked for computers that are connected to a
host computer), on the host computer specify packet filter rule that
allows all packets from the subnet, according to your local
configuration.
8.3.1. Application Filter
Application level filtering helps you control access of various
application and processes to network resources. You can create rules
for both system and user applications.
The Application filter settings page lists all applications and
processes for which there is an application filter rule set. Each
application is explicitly identified by the path to its executable
file. Dr.Web Firewall uses the SYSTEM name to indicate the rule set
applied to the operating system kernel (the system process for which
there is no unique executable file).
Dr.Web Firewall allows you to create no more than one set of
rules per each application.
User Manual
98
8. Dr.Web Firewall
To configure rule sets
In the Dr.Web Firewall settings window, select the Applications
page and do one of the following:
to add a new set of rules, click New.
to edit an existing set of rules, select the rule set in the list and
click Edit.
to add a copy of existing set of rules, select the rule set and click
Copy. The copy is added after the selected rule set.
to delete all rules for an application, select the appropriate rule
set and click Delete.
If the application file, for which the rule was created, changes (e.g.,
due to update installation) then Dr.Web Firewall asks to confirm
that the application is still allowed to access network resources.
Application Rules
The New application rule set (or Edit rule set) window lists types
of the filtering rule for application or process, and also a rule set, if the
Custom type is selected. You can change rule type, configure the list
User Manual
99
8. Dr.Web Firewall
by adding new rules for the application or modifying existing rules and
the order of their execution. The rules are applied according to their
order in the set.
For each rule in the set, the following information displays:
Column
Description
Enabled
Execution states for the rule.
Action
The action for Dr.Web Firewall to perform when
the connection attempt is detected:
Block packets
Allow packets
Rule name
The rule name.
Connection type
The party which initiates the connection:
Inbound – the rule is applied when
someone from the network attempts to
connect to the application on your
computer.
User Manual
100
8. Dr.Web Firewall
Column
Description
Outbound – the rule is applied when the
application on your computer attempt to
connect to the network.
Any – the rule is applied regardless of who
initiate the connection.
Description
The rule description.
To configure rules
1. If you select to create a new or edit an existing set of
application filter rules on the Application filter settings
page, in the opened window specify the application for which
you want the rules to apply:
To add a set of rules for a user program, click the Select
button and select the application executable
file.
To add a set of rules for a process, click arrow on the
Select
button, choose running application
and select the process.
2. Specify rule type:
Allow all – all connections will be allowed;
Block all – all connections will be blocked;
Custom – in this mode you can create a set of rules, that
will allow or block different connections.
3. If you chose Custom type, create filtering rules using the
following options:
To add a new rule, click New. The new rules is added to
the end of the list.
To modify a rule, select it and click Edit.
To add a copy of a rule, select the rule and click Copy.
The copy is added after the selected rule.
To delete a rule, select it and click Delete.
4. If you selected to create or edit a rule, configure rule settings
in the opened window.
5. Use the arrows next to the list to change the order of rules.
The rules are applied according to their order in the set.
User Manual
101
8. Dr.Web Firewall
6. When you finish adjusting the settings, click OK to save
changes or Cancel to reject them.
Rule Settings
Application filtering rules control interaction of a particular application
with certain network hosts.
To add or edit a rule:
1. Configure the following parameters:
Parameter
Description
General
Rule name
The rule name.
Description
The rule description.
State
One of the following execution states for
the rule:
Enabled – apply rule for
matching connection attempts.
all
User Manual
102
8. Dr.Web Firewall
Parameter
Description
Disabled – do not apply the rule
yet.
Connection type
The party which initiates the connection:
Inbound – apply the rule when
someone from the network attempts
to connect to the application on
your computer.
Outbound – apply the rule when
the application on your computer
attempt to connect to the network.
Any – apply the rule regardless of
who initiate the connection.
Action
The action for Dr.Web Firewall to
perform when the connection attempt is
detected:
Block packets
Allow packets
Rule Settings
Protocol
The network and transport level protocols
used for the connection attempt.
Dr.Web Firewall supports the following
network level protocols:
IPv4
IPv6
IP all – any version of IP protocol
Dr.Web Firewall supports the following
transport level protocols:
TCP
UDP
TCP & UDP – TCP or UDP protocol
User Manual
103
8. Dr.Web Firewall
Parameter
Description
Inbound/Outbound
address
The IP address of the remote host. You can
specify either a specific address (Equals)
or several IP addresses using a range (In
range), specific subnetwork mask (Mask),
or masks of all subnetworks, in which your
computer has network addresses (
MY_NETWORK).
To apply the rule for all remote hosts,
select Any.
Inbound/Outbound
port
The port used for connection. You can
specify either a specific port number (
Equals) or a port range (In range).
To apply the rule for all ports, select Any.
2. When you finish adjusting the settings, click OK to save
changes or Cancel to reject them.
8.3.2. Parent processes
To allow or forbid processes or applications to run other applications
you have to set up appropriate rules on Parent processes page.
User Manual
104
8. Dr.Web Firewall
To add rule for parent process
1. Choose parent process:
To add new rule for an application click New and browse
for program executable
To add new rule for an already running process click
arrow on New, choose running application and select
process
2. Set appropriate action:
Block to prevent application from running
processes
Allow to permit application to run other processes
other
New process is blocked by default.
When there is a rule for a parent process and the executable for
this parent process has been changed (e.g. after update), then
Firewall prompts you to reconfirm the rule and approve further
launched of applications by this parent process.
User Manual
105
8. Dr.Web Firewall
8.3.3. Network Interfaces
On the Interfaces page you can select a rule set to use for filtering
packets transmitted through different network interfaces.
On the Packet rules for interfaces page, you can select a packet
filtering ruleset to use for each network interface installed on your
computer.
To defile rule sets for network interfaces:
1. In the Dr.Web Firewall settings window, select Interfaces.
2. For an interface of interest, select the appropriate ruleset. If
the ruleset does not exist, you can create a new set of packet
filtering rules.
3. Click OK to save changes, or click Cancel to close the window
without saving changes.
To list all available interfaces, click All. This opens a windows where
you can selected interfaces that should be listed in the table
permanently. Active interfaces are listed in the table automatically.
To configure rules for interfaces, click Configure.
User Manual
106
8. Dr.Web Firewall
Packet Filter
Packet filtering allows you to control access to network regardless of
which program initiates connection. Dr.Web Firewall applies these
rules to network packets transmitted through network interfaces of
your computer.
Packet filtering allows you to control access to networks on a lower
level than the application filter thus providing you with more flexible
options.
Dr.Web Firewall provides you the following default filtering rule sets:
Allow all – this rule set configures Dr.Web Firewall to pass
through all packets.
Deny all – this rule set configures Dr.Web Firewall to block
all packets.
Default rule – this set includes rules describing the most
popular system configurations and preventing common network
attacks. This rule set is used by default for new
network interfaces.
For fast switching between filtering modes, you can create custom sets
of filtering rules.
To set rulesets for network interfaces:
1. In the Dr.Web Firewall settings window, select Packet filter
page.
2. Do one of the following:
Configure sets of filtering rules by adding new rules,
modifying or deleting existing ones, or changing order of
their execution.
Configure general filtering settings.
User Manual
107
8. Dr.Web Firewall
To configure sets of filtering rules:
Do one of the following:
To add a new rule set, click New. The new rule set is
added to the beginning of the list.
To edit an existing set of rules, select the rule set in the
list and click Edit.
To add a copy of existing set of rules, select the rule set
and click Copy. The copy is added after the selected rule
set.
To delete a selected rule set, click Delete.
To configure general settings
On the Packet Filter settings, use the following options:
User Manual
108
8. Dr.Web Firewall
Option
Description
Use TCP stateful
packet filtering
Select this checkbox to filter packets according
to the state of existing TCP connections. Dr.
Web Firewall will block packets that do not
match active connections according to the TCP
protocol specification. This option helps protect
your computer from DoS attacks (denial of
service), resource scanning, data injection and
other malicious operations.
It is also recommended to enable stateful
packet filtering when using complex data
transfer protocols such as FTP, SIP, etc.
Clear this checkbox to filter packets without
regard to state of TCP sessions.
Management of
fragmented IP
packets
Select this checkbox to ensure correct
processing of large amounts of data. The
maximum transmission unit (MTU) may vary for
different networks, therefore large IP packets
may be received fragmented. When this option
is enabled, Dr.Web Firewall applies the rule
selected for the first fragment of a large IP
packet to all other fragments.
Clear this checkbox to process fragmented
packets independently.
Packet Filter Rulesets
The New packet ruleset (or Edit ruleset) window lists packet
filtering rules for the selected rule set. You can configure the list by
adding new rules or modifying existing rules and the order of their
execution. The rules are applied according to their order in the set.
User Manual
109
8. Dr.Web Firewall
For each rule in the set, the following information displays:
Column
Description
Enabled
Execution states for the rule.
Action
The action for Dr.Web Firewall to perform when the
packet is intercepted:
Block packets
Allow packets
Rule name
The rule name.
Direction
The packet sender:
– the rule is applied when packet is received
from the network.
– the rule is applied when packet is sent into the
network from your computer.
– the rule is applied regardless of packet
transfer direction.
Log
The logging mode for the rule. This parameter defines
which information is stored in the Dr.Web Firewall log:
User Manual
110
8. Dr.Web Firewall
Column
Description
Log headers – the packet header only.
Entire packet – the whole packet.
No logging - no information is logged.
Description
The rule description.
You can configure the list by adding new rules for the application or
modifying existing rules and the order of their execution. The rules are
applied according to their order in the set.
To configure rulesets
1. If you select to create or edit an existing rule set on the
Packet filtering settings page, in the opened window,
specify the name for the rule set.
2. Use the following options to create filtering rules:
to add a new rule, click New. The new rules is added to
the beginning of the list.
to modify a rule, select it and click Edit.
to add a copy of a rule, select the rule and click Copy.
The copy is added after the selected rule.
to delete a rule, select it and click Delete.
3. If you selected to create or edit a rule, configure rule settings
in the opened window.
4. Use the arrows next to the list to change the order of rules.
The rules are applied according to their order in the set.
5. When you finish adjusting the settings, click OK to save
changes or Cancel to reject them.
Packets with no rules in a rule set are blocked automatically except
packets allowed by Application Filter rules.
User Manual
111
8. Dr.Web Firewall
Packet Filter Rules
To add or edit a rule:
1. In the packet filter rule set creation or modification window,
click New or Edit. This opens a rule creation or rule
modification window.
2. Configure the following parameters:
Parameter
Description
Action
The action for Dr.Web Firewall to
perform
when
the
packet
is
intercepted:
Block packets
Allow packets
Direction
The packet sender:
Inbound – apply the rule when
packet is received from the
network.
Outbound – apply the rule
when packet is sent into the
network from your computer.
User Manual
112
8. Dr.Web Firewall
Parameter
Description
Any – apply the rule regardless
of packet transfer direction.
Packet header
Packet header. E.g.
network protocol.
transport
or
Logging mode
The logging mode for the rule. This
parameter defines which information is
stored in the Dr.Web Firewall log:
Log headers – log packet
headers only.
Entire packet – log whole
packets.
No logging – do not log any
information.
Rule name
The rule name.
Description
The rule description.
3. When you finish adjusting the settings, click OK to save
changes or Cancel to reject them.
To configure extended filtering parameters:
Use the following options:
To add a new higher (or lower) level packet header, click
the Add
header.
button on the right (or left) of a packet
To configure a filed within the header, click the
corresponding Browse
button.
To remove a header or a field within a header, click the
corresponding Remove
button.
The Add
and Browse
buttons are inactive, when the
corresponding action is not available. For instance, when there is not
criteria for filtering by header fields for the selected packer header, or
filtering by higher (or lower) level headers is not possible.
User Manual
113
8. Dr.Web Firewall
Example:
Adding a packet filter that allows all packets from a sub-network, may
look as follows:
If you do not specify any fields within the IPv4 header, then the rule
will be passed for any packet that contains an IPv4 header and was
sent from a physical address of the local computer.
User Manual
114
8. Dr.Web Firewall
8.3.4. Advanced settings
On the Advanced settings page, you can select a default action,
which Dr.Web Firewall should execute when it detects a new
(unknown to the firewall) connection attempt, and configure advanced
settings. These rules are applied on the application level.
To set operation mode:
1. In the Dr.Web Firewall settings window, select Advanced.
2. Select one of the following operation modes:
Interactive learning mode
(Default) Training mode (create rules for known
applications automatically) – learning mode, when
rules for known applications are created automatically
Block unknown connections – restricted access mode,
when all unknown connections are blocked. For known
connections, Dr.Web Firewall applies the appropriate
rules
Allow unknown connections – free access mode,
when all unknown applications are permitted to access
networks
User Manual
115
8. Dr.Web Firewall
3. Click OK to save changes, or click Cancel to close the window
without saving changes.
Learning Mode
In this mode, you have total control over Dr.Web Firewall reaction
on unknown connection detection, thus training the program while you
working on computer.
When a user application or operating system attempts to connect to a
network, Dr.Web Firewall checks if there is a filtering rule set for the
application. If there are no filtering rules, Dr.Web Firewall prompts
you to select a temporary solution, or create a rule which will be
applied each time Dr.Web Firewall detects this type of connection.
Training Mode
In this mode, rules for known applications are created automatically.
For other apllications you have control over Dr.Web Firewall
reaction.
When a user application or operating system attempts to connect to a
network, Dr.Web Firewall checks if there is a filtering rule set for the
application. If there are no filtering rules, Dr.Web Firewall prompts
you to select a temporary solution, or create a rule which will be
applied each time Dr.Web Firewall detects this type of connection.
This mode is used by default.
Restricted Access Mode
In this mode, Dr.Web Firewall blocks all unknown connections to
network resources including the Internet automatically.
When a user application or operating system attempts to connect to a
network, Dr.Web Firewall checks if there is a filtering ruleset for the
User Manual
116
8. Dr.Web Firewall
application. If there are no filtering rules, Dr.Web Firewall blocks
network access for the application without displaying any notification
to the user. If there are filtering rules for the application, Dr.Web
Firewall processes the connection according to the specified actions.
Free Access Mode
In this mode, Dr.Web Firewall allows all unknown applications to
access network recourses including the Internet. No notification on
access attempt is displayed.
To configure advanced settings:
On the Application filter settings page, use the following
option:
Option
Description
Allow loopback
interface
Select this checkbox to allow all applications on
you computer to interconnect (i.e. allow
unlimited connections between application
installed on your computer). For this type of
connection, no rules will be applied.
Clear this checkbox to apply rules for
connections carried out both through the
network and within your computer.
Display
notifications in fullscreen mode
Select this checkbox to display notifications on
a separate desktop when some application is
running in full screen mode on your computer
(a game or a movie).
Clear this checkbox to display notification on
the same desktop where an application is
running in the full screen mode.
User Manual
117
8. Dr.Web Firewall
8.3.5. Restoring Defaults
On the Restore default settings page, you can restore Dr.Web
Firewall settings to their default values recommended by Doctor
Web.
To restore default settings:
1. In the Dr.Web Firewall settings window, select Restore
defaults.
2. Do one of the following:
To restore default application filter settings, in the
Application filter settings section, click Restore
defaults.
To restore default packet filter settings, in the Packet
filter settings section, click Restore defaults.
To set the default Dr.Web Firewall operation mode, in
the Advanced settings section, click Restore defaults.
3. Click OK to save changes, or click Cancel to close the window
without saving changes.
User Manual
118
8. Dr.Web Firewall
8.4. Event Logging
Dr.Web Firewall registers connection attempts and network packets
in the following logs:
Application Filter Log (Application journal), which contains
information on network connection attempts from various
applications and rules applied to process each attempt.
Packet Filter Log (Packet Filter journal), which contains
information on network packets processed by Firewall, rules
applied to process the packets, and network interfaces used to
transmit the packets. Details level depends on settings of each
packet application rule.
The Active applications page displays applications currently
connected to a network.
To open logs:
1. Click the SpIDer Agent icon
.
2. Select Firewall, then select Statistics.
8.4.1. Active Applications
The list of active applications displays information on programs
accessing network resources at the moment.
User Manual
119
8. Dr.Web Firewall
For each application, the following information on active connection is
available:
Column
Description
Name
The name of the application.
Direction
The party which initiated the connection:
Inbound – the rule is applied when
someone from the network attempted to
connect to the application on you
computer.
Outbound – the rule is applied when the
application on your computer attempted
to connect to the network.
Listening – the rule is applied when the
application on your computer is awaiting
for a connection attempt from the
network.
Protocol
The protocol used to transmit data.
Local address
The protocol and host address from which
comes an attempt to connect.
User Manual
120
8. Dr.Web Firewall
Column
Description
Remote address
The protocol and host address to which the
connection is attempted.
Sent
The number
connection.
Received
The number of bytes received through this
connection.
of
bytes
sent
through
this
In the active connections statistics window you can terminate any
active process by right-clicking the process in the table and selecting
Terminate process.
To terminate any active process you need administrative privileges.
Otherwise, you can terminate only those processes that are run
under your account .
From the context menu you can also block an active or unblock a
disabled connection. The blocked connections are marked with red in
the table.
8.4.2. Application Filter Log
The application filter log stores information on all attempts of
applications installed on your computer to connect to a network.
User Manual
121
8. Dr.Web Firewall
Column
Description
Time
The date and time of the connection attempt.
Application
The full path to the application executable file, its name
and process identification number (PID).
Rule name
The name of the rule applied.
Direction
The party which initiated the connection:
Inbound – someone from the network attempted
to connect to the application on you computer.
Outbound – the application on your computer
attempted to connect to the network.
Any – the rule was applied regardless of who
initiated the connection.
Action
The action Dr.Web Firewall performed when the
connection attempt was detected:
Block packets
Allow packets
Endpoint
The protocol, IP-address and the port used for the
connection.
User Manual
122
8. Dr.Web Firewall
On this page you can save the information to a file or clear the log.
To save application filter log:
Click Save, then enter the file name where to store the log.
To clear application filter log:
Click Clear. All information will be deleted from the log.
User Manual
123
8. Dr.Web Firewall
8.4.3. Packet Filter Log
The packet filter log stores information on packets transmitted through
all network interfaces installed on you computer, if Log headers or
Entire packet logging mode was set for these packets. If No
logging mode was set for a packet, no information is stored.
Column
Description
Time
The date and time when the packet was processed.
Direction
The packet sender:
– the packet was transmitted from the network
to your computer.
– the packet was transmitted from your
computer to the network.
– the packet sent from the network to your
computer was blocked.
– the packet sent from your computer to the
network was blocked.
Rule name
The name of the applied rule.
User Manual
124
8. Dr.Web Firewall
Column
Description
Interface
The interface used to transmit the packet.
Packet data
Packet details. The Logging mode setting of the rule
determines the amount of stored data.
On this page you can save the information to a file or clear the log.
To save packet filter log:
Click Save, then enter the file name where to store the log.
To clear packet filter log:
Click Clear. All information will be deleted from the log.
User Manual
125
9. Automatic Updating
9. Automatic Updating
Anti-virus solutions of Doctor Web use Dr.Web virus databases to
detect computer threats. These databases contain details and
signatures for all virus threats known at the moment of the product
release. However, modern virus threats are characterized by highspeed evolvement and modification. Within several days and
sometimes hours, new viruses and malicious programs emerge. To
mitigate the risk of infection during the licensed period, Doctor Web
provides you with regular updates to virus databases and product
components, which are distributed via the Internet. With the updates,
Dr.Web Anti-virus receives information required to detect new
viruses, block their spreading and sometimes cure infected files which
were incurable before. From time to time, the updates also include
enhancements to anti-virus algorithms and fix bugs in software and
documentation.
Dr.Web Updater helps you download and install the updates during
the licensed period.
9.1. Running Updates
You can run Updater in one of the following ways:
From the command line by running drwupsrv.exe file located in
the Dr.Web Anti-virus installation folder
By selecting Update in the SpIDer Agent menu
On launching, Updater displays a window with information on
relevance of Dr.Web virus databases and Dr.Web Anti-virus
components. If necessary, you can start an update process. Update
parameters can be configured on the Update page of Dr.Web Antivirus settings.
User Manual
126
9. Automatic Updating
If launching Dr.Web Updater automatically, changes are logged
into dwupdater.log file that is located in the %allusersprofile%
\Application Data\Doctor Web\Logs\ folder (in Windows 7, %
allusersprofile%\Doctor Web\Logs\).
Update Procedure
Before starting an update, Updater checks if you have a key file
registered (license or demo). If no key file is found, Updater suggests
you to obtain a key file on the Internet through the user registration
procedure.
If the key file is found, Updater checks its validity at Doctor Web
servers (the file can be blocked, if discredited, i.e. its illegal distribution
is uncovered). If your key file is blocked due to misuse, Updater
displays an appropriate warning, terminates the update, and blocks Dr.
Web components.
If the key is blocked, contact the dealer from which you purchased Dr.
Web Anti-virus.
After the key file is successfully verified, Updater downloads and
User Manual
127
9. Automatic Updating
installs all updated files automatically according to your version of Dr.
Web Anti-virus. If your subscription terms allow upgrade to newer
software versions, Updater also downloads and installs a new version
of Dr.Web Anti-virus when released.
After an update of Dr.Web Anti-virus executable files or libraries, a
program restart may be required. In such cases, Updater displays an
appropriate warning.
Scanner, SpIDer Guard and SpIDer Mail
updated databases automatically.
start using the
When the Updater is launched in the command line mode, the
command line parameters can be used (see Appendix A).
User Manual
128
Appendices
Appendices
Appendix A. Command Line Parameters
Additional command line parameters (switches) are used to set
parameters for programs which can be launched by opening an
executable file. This relates to Scanner, Console Scanner and to
Dr.Web Updater. The switches can set the parameters unavailable in
the configuration file and have a higher priority then the parameters
which are specified in it.
Switches begin with the forward slash (/) character and are separated
with blanks as other command line parameters.
Appendix B. Computer Threats and
Neutralization Methods
With the development of computer technologies and network solutions
malicious programs (malware) of different kinds, meant to strafe
users, become more and more widespread. Their development began
together with computer science and facilities of protection against
them progressed alongside. Nevertheless, there is still no common
classification for all possible threats due to their unpredictable
development character and constant improvement of applicable
technologies.
Malicious programs can be distributed through the Internet, local area
networks, e-mail and portable data mediums. Some of them rely on
the user’s carelessness and lack of experience and can be run in
completely automatic mode. Others are tools controlled by a computer
cracker and they can harm even the most secure systems.
This chapter describes all of the most common and widespread types
of malware, against which products of Doctor Web are aimed.
User Manual
129
Appendices
Classification of Computer Threats
Computer viruses
This type of malicious programs is characterized by the ability to
implement its code into the executable code of other programs. Such
implementation is called infection. In most cases the infected file
becomes a virus carrier itself and the implemented code does not
necessarily match the original. Most viruses are intended to damage or
destroy data on the system. Viruses which infect files of the operating
system (usually executable files and dynamic libraries) and activate
upon launching of the infected file are called file viruses.
Some viruses infect boot records of diskettes and partitions or master
boot records of fixed disks. Such viruses are called boot viruses. They
take very little memory and remain ready to continue performing their
tasks until a system roll-out, restart or shut-down occurs.
Macroviruses are viruses which infect documents used by the Microsoft
Office and some other applications which allow macro commands
(usually written in Visual Basic). Macro commands are a type of
implemented programs (macros) written in a fully functional
programming language. For instance, in Microsoft Word macros can
automatically initiate upon opening (closing, saving, etc.) a document.
A virus which has the ability to activate and perform the tasks assigned
by the virus writer only when the computer reaches a certain state (e.
g. a certain date and time) is called a memory-resident virus.
Most viruses have some kind of protection against detection.
Protection methods are being constantly improved and ways to
overcome them are developed.
Encrypted viruses, for instance, cipher their code upon every infection
to hamper their detection in a file, boot sector or memory. All copies of
such viruses contain only a small common code fragment (the
decryption procedure), which can be used as a virus signature.
Polymorphic viruses also encrypt there code, but besides that they
User Manual
130
Appendices
generate a special decryption procedure which is different in every
copy of the virus. This means that such viruses do not have byte
signatures.
Stealth viruses perform certain actions to disguise their activity and
thus conceal their presence in an infected object. Such viruses gather
the characteristics of a program before infecting it and then plant
these “dummy” characteristics which mislead the scanner searching for
modified files.
Viruses can also be classified according to the programming language
in which they are written (in most cases it is assembler, high-level
programming languages, scripting languages, etc.) or according to the
affected operating systems.
Computer worms
Worms have become a lot more widespread than viruses and other
malicious programs recently. Like viruses they are able to reproduce
themselves and spread their copies but they do not infect other
programs. A worm infiltrates the computer from the worldwide or local
network (usually via an attachment to an e-mail) and distributes its
functional copies to other computers in the network. It can begin
distributing itself either upon a user’s action or in an automatic mode,
choosing which computers to attack.
Worms do not necessarily consist of only one file (the worm’s body).
Many of them have an infectious part (the shellcode), which loads into
the main memory (RAM) and then downloads the worm’s body as an
executable file via the network. If only the shellcode is present in the
system, the worm can be rid of by simply restarting the system (at
which the RAM is erased and reset). However, if the worm’s body
infiltrates the computer, then only an anti-virus program can cope with
it.
Worms have the ability to cripple entire networks even if they do not
bear any payload (i.e. do not cause any direct damage) due to their
intensive distribution.
User Manual
131
Appendices
Trojan horses (Trojans)
This type of malicious program cannot reproduce or infect other
programs. A Trojan substitutes a high-usage program and performs its
functions (or imitates the programs operation). At the same time it
performs some malicious actions in the system (damages or deletes
data, sends confidential information, etc.) or makes it possible for
another person to access the computer without permission, e.g. to
harm the computer of a third party.
A Trojan’s masking and malicious facilities are similar to those of a
virus and it can even be a component of a virus. However, most
Trojans are distributed as separate executable files (through fileexchange servers, removable data carriers or e-mail attachments),
which are launched by a user or a system task.
Rootkits
It is a type of malicious program used to intercept system functions of
an operating system in order to conceal itself. Besides, a rootkit can
conceal tasks of other programs, registry keys, folders and files. It can
be distributed either as an independent program or a component of
another malicious program. A rootkit is basically a set of utilities, which
a cracker installs on a system to which she had just gained access.
There are two kinds of rootkits according to the mode of operation:
User Mode Rootkits (UMR) which operate in user mode (intercept
functions of the user mode libraries) and Kernel Mode Rootkits (KMR)
which operate in kernel mode (intercept functions on the level of the
system kernel, which makes it harder to detect).
Hacktools
Hacktools are programs designed to assist the intruder with hacking.
The most common among them are port scanners which detect
vulnerabilities in firewalls and other components of the computer’s
protection system. Besides hackers, such tools are used by
administrators to check the security of their networks. Occasionally,
common software which can be used for hacking and various
programs that use social engineering techniques are designated as
among hacktools as well.
User Manual
132
Appendices
Spyware
This type of malicious programs is designed to perform monitoring of
the system and send the gathered information to a third party –
creator of the program or some other person concerned. Among those
who may be concerned are: distributors of spam and advertisements,
scam-agencies, marketing agencies, criminal organizations, industrial
espionage agents, etc.
Spyware is secretly loaded to your system together with some other
software or when browsing certain HTML-pages and advertising
windows. It then installs itself without the user’s permission. Unstable
browser operation and decrease in system performance are common
side effects of spyware presence.
Adware
Usually this term is referred to a program code implemented into
freeware programs which perform forced display of advertisements to
a user. However, sometimes such codes can be distributed via other
malicious programs and show advertisements in internet-browsers.
Many adware programs operate with data collected by spyware.
Joke programs
Like adware, this type of malicious programs does not deal any direct
damage to the system. Joke programs usually just generate message
boxes about errors that never occurred and threaten to perform
actions which will lead to data loss. Their purpose is to frighten or
annoy a user.
Dialers
These are special programs which are designed to scan a range of
telephone numbers and find those where a modem answers. These
numbers are then used to mark up the price of telephoning facilities or
to connect the user to expensive telephone services.
All the above programs are considered malicious because they pose a
threat to the user’s data or his right of confidentiality. Programs that
do not conceal their presence, distribute spam and different traffic
User Manual
133
Appendices
analyzers are usually not considered malicious, although they can
become a threat under certain circumstances.
Among other programs there is also a class of riskware programs.
These were not intended as malicious, but can potentially be a threat
to the system’s security due to their certain features. Riskware
programs are not only those which can accidentally damage or delete
data, but also ones which can be used by crackers or some malicious
programs to do harm to the system. Among such programs are various
remote chat and administrative tools, FTP-servers, etc.
User Manual
134
Appendices
Below is a list of various hacker attacks and internet fraud:
Brute force attack – performed by a special Trojan horse
program, which uses its inbuilt password dictionary or generates
random symbol strings in order to figure out the network access
password by trial-and-error.
DoS-attack (denial of service) or DDoS-attack (distributed
denial of service) – a type of network attack, which verges on
terrorism. It is carried out via a huge number of service requests
sent to a server. When a certain number of requests is received
(depending on the server’s hardware capabilities) the server
becomes unable to cope with them and a denial of service
occurs. DDoS-attacks are carried out from many different IPaddresses at the same time, unlike DoS-attacks, when requests
are sent from one IP-address.
Mail bombs – a simple network attack, when a big e-mail (or
thousands of small ones) is sent to a computer or a company’s
mail server, which leads to a system breakdown. There is a
special method of protection against such attacks used in the Dr.
Web products for mail servers.
Sniffing – a type of network attack also called “passive tapping
of network”. It is unauthorized monitoring of data and traffic
flow performed by a packet sniffer – a special type of nonmalicious program, which intercepts all the network packets of
the monitored domain.
Spoofing – a type of network attack, when access to the
network is gained by fraudulent imitation of connection.
Phishing – an Internet-fraud technique, which is used for
stealing personal confidential data such as access passwords,
bank and identification cards data, etc. Fictitious letters
supposedly from legitimate organizations are sent to potential
victims via spam mailing or mail worms. In these letters victims
are offered to visit phony web sites of such organizations and
confirm the passwords, PIN-codes and other personal
information, which is then used for stealing money from the
victim’s account and for other crimes.
Vishing – a type of Phishing technique, in which war dialers or
VoIP is used instead of e-mails.
User Manual
135
Appendices
Actions Applied to Threats
There are many methods of neutralizing computer threats. Products of
Doctor Web combine these methods for the most reliable protection
of computers and networks using flexible user-friendly settings and a
comprehensive approach to security assurance. The main actions for
neutralizing malicious programs are:
Cure – an action applied to viruses, worms and trojans. It implies
deletion of malicious code from infected files or deletion of a malicious
program’s functional copies as well as the recovery of affected objects
(i.e. return of the object’s structure and operability to the state which
was before the infection) if it is possible. Not all malicious programs
can be cured. However, products of Doctor Web are based on more
effective curing and file recovery algorithms compared to other antivirus manufacturers.
Move to quarantine – an action when the malicious object is moved
to a special folder and isolated from the rest of the system. This action
is preferable in cases when curing is impossible and for all suspicious
objects. It is recommended to send copies of such files to the virus
laboratory of Doctor Web for analysis.
Delete – the most effective action for neutralizing computer threats.
It can be applied to any type of malicious objects. Note, that deletion
will sometimes be applied to certain files for which curing was
selected. This will happen if the file contains only malicious code and
no useful information. E.g. curing of a computer worm implies deletion
of all its functional copies.
Block, rename – these actions can also be used for neutralizing
malicious programs. However, fully operable copies of these programs
remain in the file system. In case of the Block action all access
attempts to or from the file are blocked. The Rename action means
that the extension of the file is renamed which makes it inoperative.
User Manual
136
Appendices
Appendix C. Naming of Viruses
Specialists of the Dr.Web Virus Laboratory give names to all
collected samples of computer threats. These names are formed
according to certain principles and reflect a threat's design, classes of
vulnerable objects, distribution environment (OS and applications) and
some other features. Knowing these principles may be useful for
understanding software and organizational vulnerabilities of the
protected system. In certain cases this classification is conventional, as
some viruses can possess several features at the same time. Besides, it
should not be considered exhaustive, as new types of viruses
constantly appear and the classification is made more precise. The full
and constantly updated version of this classification is available at the
Dr.Web web site.
The full name of a virus consists of several elements, separated with
full stops. Some elements at the beginning of the full name (prefixes)
and at the end of it (suffixes) are standard for the accepted
classification. Below is a list of all prefixes and suffixes used in Dr.
Web divided into groups.
Prefixes
Affected operating systems
The prefixes listed below are used for naming viruses infecting
executable files of certain OS's:
Win – 16-bit Windows 3.1 programs
Win95 – 32-bit Windows 95/98/Me programs
WinNT – 32-bit Windows NT/2000/XP/Vista programs
Win32 – 32-bit Windows 95/98/Me and NT/2000/XP/Vista
programs
Win32.NET – programs in Microsoft .NET Framework operating
system
OS2 – OS/2 programs
Unix – programs in various Unix-based systems
Linux – Linux programs
User Manual
137
Appendices
FreeBSD – FreeBSD programs
SunOS – SunOS (Solaris) programs
Symbian – Symbian OS (mobile OS) programs
Note that some viruses can infect programs of one system even if they
are designed to operate in another system.
Macrovirus prefixes
The list of prefixes for viruses which infect MS Office objects (the
language of the macros infected by such type of virus is specified):
WM – Word Basic (MS Word 6.0-7.0)
XM – VBA3 (MS Excel 5.0-7.0)
W97M – VBA5 (MS Word 8.0), VBA6 (MS Word 9.0)
X97M – VBA5 (MS Excel 8.0), VBA6 (MS Excel 9.0)
A97M – databases of MS Access'97/2000
PP97M – MS PowerPoint presentations
O97M – VBA5 (MS Office'97), VBA6 (MS Office 2000); this virus
infects files of more than one component of MS Office
Development languages
The HLL group is used to name viruses written in high level
programming languages, such as C, C++, Pascal, Basic and others.
HLLW – worms
HLLM – mail worms
HLLO – viruses overwriting the code of the victim program,
HLLP – parasitic viruses
HLLC – companion viruses
The following prefix also refers to development language:
Java – viruses designed for the Java virtual machine
Script-viruses
Prefixes of viruses written in different scrip languages:
VBS – Visual Basic Script
User Manual
138
Appendices
JS – Java Script
Wscript – Visual Basic Script and/or Java Script
Perl – Perl
PHP – PHP
BAT – MS-DOS command interpreter
Trojan horses
Trojan – a general name for different Trojan horses (Trojans).
In many cases the prefixes of this group are used with the
Trojan prefix.
PWS – password stealing Trojan
Backdoor
–
Trojan
with
RAT-function
(Remote Administration Tool
–
a
utility
for
remote
administration)
IRC – Trojan which uses Internet Relay Chat channels
DownLoader – Trojan which secretly downloads different
malicious programs from the Internet
MulDrop – Trojan which secretly downloads different viruses
contained in its body
Proxy – Trojan which allows a third party user to work
anonymously in the Internet via the infected computer
StartPage (synonym: Seeker) – Trojan which makes
unauthorized replacement of the browser’s home page address
(start page)
Click – Trojan which redirects a user’s browser to a certain web
site (or sites)
KeyLogger – a spyware Trojan which logs key strokes; it may
send collected data to a malefactor
AVKill – terminates or deletes anti-virus programs, firewalls, etc.
KillFiles, KillDisk, DiskEraser – deletes certain files (all files on
drives, files in certain directories, files by certain mask, etc.)
DelWin – deletes files vital for the operation of Windows OS
FormatC – formats drive C
FormatAll – formats all drives
KillMBR – corrupts or deletes master boot records (MBR)
KillCMOS – corrupts or deletes CMOS memory
User Manual
139
Appendices
Tools for network attacks
Nuke – tools for attacking certain known vulnerabilities of
operating systems leading to abnormal shutdowns of the
attacked system
DDoS – agent program for performing a DDoS-attack
(Distributed Denial Of Service)
FDoS (synonym: Flooder) – programs for performing malicious
actions in the Internet which use the idea of DDoS-attacks; in
contrast to DDoS, when several agents on different computers
are used simultaneously to attack one victim system, an FDoSprogram operates as an independent "self-sufficient" program
(Flooder Denial of Service)
Malicious programs
Adware – an advertising program
Dialer – a dialer program (redirecting modem calls to predefined
paid numbers or paid resources)
Joke – a joke program
Program – a potentially dangerous program (riskware)
Tool – a program used for hacking (hacktool)
Miscellaneous
Exploit – a tool exploiting known vulnerabilities of an O S or
application to implant malicious code or perform unauthorized
actions.
Generic – this prefix is used after another prefix describing the
environment or the development method to name a typical
representative of this type of viruses. Such virus does not
possess any characteristic features (such as text strings, special
effects, etc.) which could be used to assign it some specific
name.
Silly – this prefix was used to name simple featureless viruses
the with different modifiers in the past.
User Manual
140
Appendices
Suffixes
Suffixes are used to name some specific virus objects:
Origin – this suffix is added to names of objects detected using
the Origins Tracing algorithm.
generator – an object which is not a virus, but a virus generator.
based – a virus which is developed with the help of the specified
generator or a modified virus. In both cases the names of this
type are generic and can define hundreds and sometimes even
thousands of viruses.
dropper – an object which is not a virus, but an installer of the
given virus.
User Manual
141
Appendices
Appendix E. Technical Support
Support is available to customers who have purchased a commercial
version of Dr.Web products. Visit Doctor Web Technical Support
website at http://support.drweb.com/.
If you encounter any issues installing or using company products, take
advantage of the following Doctor Web support options:
Download and review the latest manuals and guides at http://
download.drweb.com/doc
Read the frequently asked questions at http://support.drweb.
com/
Browse Dr.Web official forum at http://forum.drweb.com/
If you have not found solution for the problem, you can request direct
assistance from Doctor Web Technical Support by filling in the
web-from in the corresponding section of the support site at http://
support.drweb.com/.
For regional office information, visit the official Doctor Web website
at http://company.drweb.com/contacts/moscow
User Manual
142
© Doctor Web, 2003-2012
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement