HEALTH, SAFETY & ENVIRONMENT MANUAL

HEALTH, SAFETY & ENVIRONMENT MANUAL
HEALTH, SAFETY &
ENVIRONMENT MANUAL
FEBRUARY 2015
Alberta Fire and Flood
Employee Health and Safety Manual
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
1
TAKE COMMAND
Assign the following duties to specific personnel.
2
PROVIDE PROTECTION
Protect the accident scene from continuing or further
hazards – for instance, traffic, operating machinery,
fire or live wires.
GIVE FIRST AID
3
Give first aid to the injured as soon as possible.
Information on basic first aid is included in this
manual.
CALL AN AMBULANCE
4
Call an ambulance and any other emergency services
required. In some locales, dialing 911 puts you in
touch with all emergency services. Meet and direct
the ambulance to the accident scene
GET NAME OF HOSPITAL
5
For follow-up, find out where the injured is being
taken.
ADVISE MANAGEMENT
6
Inform senior management. They can then contact
relatives, notify authorities, and start procedures for
reporting and investigating the accident.
ISOLATE THE ACCIDENT SCENE
7
Barricade, rope off or post a guard at the scene to
make sure that nothing is moved or changed until
authorities have completed their investigation.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
Alberta Fire and Flood
Employee Health and Safety Manual
Emergency Contact Numbers
FIRE/POLICE/EMS
Alberta One Call
911
1.800.242.3447
Atco Gas 24 Hour Emergency
Dangerous Goods
403.245.7222
1.800.272.9600
Enmax Emergency Calls
403.514.6100
Environmental Spills, etc.
1.800.222.6514
Poison Control
403.944.1414
Owner - Wayne Gamester
403.862.4143
Owner - Fletcher Armstrong
403.828.4143
Owner - Dave Smith
403.815.4143
General Manager: Pat Martens
403.808.2561
Calgary Hospitals
Foothills
Peter Lougheed
Rockyview General
1403 – 29 St. N.W.
3500 - 26Ave. N.E.
7007 – 14 St. S.W.
403.944.1312
403.943.4999
403.943.3449
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
Alberta Fire and Flood
Employee Health and Safety Manual
HEALTH & SAFETY MANUAL
FOR EMPLOYEES AND CONTRACTORS
This book is issued to:
_____________________________________
Date of issue:
___________________________________________
Keep this copy in your work area as a resource to help you
work safely.
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Alberta Fire and Flood
Employee Health and Safety Manual
Table of Contents
SECTION 1 - COMPANY SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM...................... 1
CORPORATE HEALTH AND SAFETY POLICY ............................................................. 6
SECTION 2 - JOB SITE HAZARD ASSESSMENTS........................................ 14
CONDUCTING A HAZARD ASSESSMENT ................................................................. 16
WORKPLACE HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INFORMATION SYSTEM (WHMIS)............ 21
MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS - (MSDS)........................................................ 22
SECTION 3 - SAFE WORK PRACTICES ......................................................... 23
WORKING ALONE................................................................................................. 23
WORKPLACE VIOLENCE ....................................................................................... 24
WORKING ON OR AROUND MOVING MACHINERY .................................................. 25
FIRE EXTINGUISHERS ........................................................................................... 25
USE OF CLEANING SOLVENTS AND FLAMMABLES ................................................. 27
DEFECTIVE TOOLS ............................................................................................... 28
WELDING, CUTTING AND BURNING ...................................................................... 29
CONTACT WITH AN ENERGIZED POWER LINE ........................................................ 30
MOULD ABATEMENT AND REMEDIATION.............................................................. 31
WORKING AT HEIGHTS OVER 1.2 METERS ............................................................. 33
WORKING AT HEIGHTS AND FALL PROTECTION ..................................................... 33
PROCEDURE – BASED FALL PROTECTION SYSTEM ................................................ 35
PORTABLE TURBODRYERS .................................................................................... 37
DRI-EAZ TURBO BLOWERS ................................................................................ 38
PORTABLE AIR SCRUBBERS .................................................................................. 39
H.E.P.A. SYSTEM ................................................................................................ 42
HYDROXYL MACHINE .......................................................................................... 44
DEHUMIDIFIERS ................................................................................................... 45
PRESSURE WASHER EQUIPMENT ........................................................................... 49
ELECTRIC STAPLER .............................................................................................. 49
CTV WET/DRY VAC ............................................................................................ 51
OZONE ROOMS ..................................................................................................... 53
COMPRESSED AIR ................................................................................................. 54
BENCH GRINDER .................................................................................................. 55
GRINDING MACHINES........................................................................................... 56
PORTABLE GRINDERS ........................................................................................... 56
PORTABLE GRINDING MACHINES ......................................................................... 57
STEP LADDERS ..................................................................................................... 58
EXTENSION LADDERS ........................................................................................... 58
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
Alberta Fire and Flood
Employee Health and Safety Manual
WORKING ON ROOFS AND LADDERS ..................................................................... 59
CONFINED SPACE ENTRY ..................................................................................... 62
COMMON SEWER HAZARDS.................................................................................. 63
LOCKOUT / TAG OUT ............................................................................................ 65
MANUAL LIFTING ................................................................................................ 66
BATTERIES ........................................................................................................... 67
BOOSTING EQUIPMENT ......................................................................................... 67
BATTERY CHARGERS ........................................................................................... 68
FORK LIFT ........................................................................................................... 68
MOTOR VEHICLE OPERATION ............................................................................... 69
GENERAL HOUSEKEEPING .................................................................................... 70
OBLIGATION OF WORKERS TO REFUSE UNSAFE WORK ......................................... 70
PROTECTING EMPLOYEES, CO-WORKERS AND THE PUBLIC .................................... 74
CHEMICAL / BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS AND HARMFUL SUBSTANCES ......................... 75
TRANSPORTATION OF DANGEROUS GOODS ........................................................... 77
EMPLOYER’S RESPONSIBILITIES ........................................................................... 77
RISK GROUPS ....................................................................................................... 84
FIT FOR WORK ..................................................................................................... 88
EXCAVATIONS AND TRENCHING ........................................................................... 91
RESPIRATORY PROTECTION .................................................................................. 95
BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS ................................................................................... 98
HEALTH CARE AND BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS ........................................................ 101
SECTION 4 - SAFE WORK PROCEDURES................................................... 103
CONFINED SPACE ............................................................................................... 103
MOULD ABATEMENT AND REMEDIATION ........................................................... 105
HYDROXYL MACHINE ........................................................................................ 107
STEP LADDER SET UP ........................................................................................ 108
ANGLE GRINDERS .............................................................................................. 109
MANUAL LIFTING .............................................................................................. 109
HAZARDOUS COMMUNICATION PLAN ................................................................. 110
HAND AND PORTABLE POWER TOOLS ................................................................. 113
ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS- BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS ..................................... 119
BIOHAZARDS AND TOXIN DECONTAMINATION & SPILL CLEAN-UP...................... 120
CHEMICAL/BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS AND HARMFUL SUBSTANCES ........................ 122
EMERGENCY VEHICLE RESPONSE GUIDELINES ..................................................... 124
SECTION 5 - COMPANY RULES .................................................................... 128
ALCOHOL AND/OR ILLEGAL DRUG USE POLICY .................................................. 128
ZERO TOLERANCE OFFENSES ............................................................................. 128
SUBSTANCE ABUSE POLICY ................................................................................ 129
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Employee Health and Safety Manual
SMOKING POLICY ............................................................................................... 129
GENERAL SAFETY RULES ................................................................................... 130
MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS ............................................................................ 131
PROHIBITIONS .................................................................................................... 131
HEALTH AND SAFETY ENFORCEMENT POLICY .................................................... 131
SECTION 6 - PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT............................. 133
FOOT PROTECTION ............................................................................................. 135
EYE AND FACE PROTECTION ............................................................................... 135
HEARING PROTECTION ....................................................................................... 137
HEAD PROTECTION ............................................................................................ 137
LIMB AND BODY PROTECTION ............................................................................ 139
RESPIRATORY PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT ............................................................. 140
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING ...................................................................................... 142
SECTION 7 - PREVENTATIVE MAINTENANCE PROGRAM.................... 144
VEHICLE AND EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE .......................................................... 144
VEHICLE AND EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES .................................... 145
VEHICLE INSPECTION POLICY ............................................................................. 145
PREVENTATIVE MAINTENANCE PROCEDURE ....................................................... 149
CARE, CONTROL AND CUSTODY OF CUSTOMER VEHICLES .................................. 150
EMERGENCY VEHICLE DRIVER ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ......................................... 152
ALBERTA FIRE AND FLOOD’S DRIVER POLICY .................................................... 152
SECTION 8 - TRAINING AND COMMUNICATIONS.................................. 154
SAFETY TRAINING .............................................................................................. 154
SAFETY ORIENTATION FOR NEW EMPLOYEES TRAINING OUTCOME .................... 156
JOB-SITE TOOLBOX MEETING............................................................................. 159
SUB-CONTRACTOR SAFETY AGREEMENT ............................................................ 160
SECTION 9 - INSPECTIONS ............................................................................ 162
SAFETY INSPECTIONS ......................................................................................... 163
SECTION 10 - INVESTIGATIONS .................................................................. 164
INVESTIGATION POLICY ...................................................................................... 164
INCIDENT REPORTING AND INVESTIGATION ........................................................ 164
SECTION 11 - EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS .......................................... 167
FIRE CALLS ........................................................................................................ 168
DANGEROUS GOODS SPILL ................................................................................. 168
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
Alberta Fire and Flood
Employee Health and Safety Manual
MEDICAL AID CALLS ......................................................................................... 169
VEHICLE ACCIDENT ........................................................................................... 169
HEART ATTACK!!............................................................................................... 169
EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN ............................................................................ 169
SECTION 12 - RECORDS, STATISTICS AND MODIFIED DUTY............. 171
STATISTICS AND RECORD KEEPING..................................................................... 171
MODIFIED WORK PROGRAM ............................................................................... 171
SECTION 13 - WASTE MANAGEMENT & ENVIRONMENT.................... 174
ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (EMS) .................................................. 174
ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY STATEMENT ............................................................... 175
HAZARDOUS WASTE CONTAINMENT .................................................................. 176
EMPLOYEE SELF-ASSESSMENT & VALIDATION CONTAINMENT UNIT QUESTIONS 179
SOIL EROSION CONTROL .................................................................................... 181
APPENDIX A - TRAFFIC CONTROL (TEMPORARY) ............................... 186
APPENDIX B - ASBESTOS MANAGEMENT SYSTEM ............................... 202
APPENDIX C - RESPIRATOR GUIDE ........................................................... 222
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Alberta Fire and Flood
Employee Health and Safety Manual
SECTION 1 - COMPANY SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
CORPORATE HEALTH & SAFETY
MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
Part A: Health and Safety Management System policy statement
Alberta Fire and Flood’s health and safety policy is a statement of principles and
general rules that serve as guides for action. Senior management is committed to
ensuring that the policy is carried out with no exceptions. The health and safety
policy has the same importance as the other policies of the organization.
The policy statement should include:
1. management's commitment to protect the safety and health of employees
2. the objectives of the program
3. the organization's basic health and safety philosophy
4. who is accountable for occupational health and safety programs
5. the general responsibilities of all employees
6. that health and safety shall not be sacrificed for expediency
7. that unacceptable performance of health and safety duties will not be
tolerated
Part B: The Health and Safety Management System contains the
following elements
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Individual responsibility
Joint occupational health and safety committee
Health and safety rules
Correct work procedures
Employee orientation
Training and Development
Workplace inspections
Reporting and investigating accidents/incidents and near misses
Emergency Response Procedures (ERP)
Medical and first aid
Health and safety promotion
Workplace specific items
Part C: The Health and Safety Management System identifies
responsibilities
1.
Health and safety is the joint responsibility of management and workers.
Management is accountable for non-compliance to health and safety
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Employee Health and Safety Manual
2.
3.
4.
5.
legislation. All health and safety activities are based on specific individual
responsibilities, most of which can be found in the pertinent legislation.
However, often these duties are not well known. This situation can be
improved by including details of specific individual responsibilities in the
safety program.
Responsibility may be defined as an individual's obligation to carry out
assigned duties. Authority implies the right to make decisions and the
power to direct others. Responsibility and authority can be delegated to
subordinates, giving them the right to act for superiors. It is important to
note that, while some responsibilities can be delegated, the superior
remains accountable for seeing that they are carried out.
Individual responsibilities apply to every employee in the workplace,
including Senior Management. When a safety coordinator has been
appointed, it is best to spell out his/her responsibilities as well. All
employees will then know exactly what is expected of each individual in
health and safety terms.
To fulfill their individual responsibilities, the people must:
a. know what these responsibilities are (communication required)
b. have sufficient authority to carry them out (organizational issue)
c. have the required ability and competence (training or
certification required)
Once all these criteria have been met, safety performance can be assessed
by each individual's supervisor on an equal basis with other key job
elements. Health and safety is not just an extra part of an employee's job:
it is an integral, full-time component of each individual's responsibilities.
Part D: Health and Safety Responsibilities for Front-Line Workers
1.
Using personal protection and safety equipment as required by the
employer.
2. Following safe work procedures and safe work practices.
3. Knowing and complying with all regulations.
4. Reporting any injury or illness immediately.
5. Reporting unsafe acts and unsafe conditions.
6. Participating in joint health and safety committees.
7. Participating in all tail gate safety meeting.
8. Participating in all monthly safety meeting.
9. Ensuring that they are competency in performing the tasks that have
been assigned to them by their immediate supervisor.
10. Ensuring that their competencies have been validated by a Project
Manager.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
2
Alberta Fire and Flood
Employee Health and Safety Manual
Part E: Health and Safety responsibilities for Front Line Supervisors
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Instructing workers to follow safe work practices.
Enforcing health and safety regulations.
Correcting unsafe acts and unsafe conditions.
Ensuring that only authorized, adequately trained and competent
workers operate equipment.
Reporting and investigating all accidents/incidents/near misses.
Inspecting own area and taking remedial action to minimize or
eliminate hazards.
Ensuring equipment is properly maintained.
Promoting safety awareness in workers.
Assessing and validating front line workers in their area.
Part F: Health and Safety Responsibilities for Management
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Providing a safe and healthy workplace
Establishing and maintaining a health and safety program
Ensuring workers are trained or certified, as required
Reporting accidents and cases of occupational disease to the
appropriate authority
Providing medical and first aid facilities
Ensuring personal protective equipment is available
Providing workers with health and safety information
Supporting front line supervisors in their health and safety activities
Evaluating health and safety performance of supervisors
Part G: Health and Safety Responsibilities for Safety and Quality
Manager
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Advising all employees on health and safety matters
Coordinating health and safety activities
Collecting and analyzing health and safety statistics
Providing and coordinating health and safety training
Conducting research on special health and safety issues
Conducting workplace health and safety assessments
Ensuring that AFF meets and/or exceeds the rules and regulations of
the regulatory bodies.
Coordinating the monthly Safety Meetings
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Employee Health and Safety Manual
Part H: The Joint Health and Safety committee shall include:
1.
2.
3.
Representatives of all workers and are active participants in the
development, implementation, and monitoring of all phases of the health
and safety program
The Terms of Reference for the Joint Health and Safety Committee could
include:
a. senior management's commitment to act on the committee's
recommendations
b. how long a person will serve on the committee
c. how a committee member will be chosen, etc.
d. duties and responsibilities of the committee members
e. meeting schedule for the committee/minutes, etc.
f. identify the health and safety issues in the workplace and coordinate
the corrective actions need to remedy the unsafe conditions
Safety and Quality Manager will serve as the chairperson for the
committee and will report directly to Senior Management.
Part I: Establishing Safe Job Procedures
1.
2.
3.
Governmental health and safety regulations represent minimum
requirements. In almost all cases, organizations will have to augment these
regulations with specific rules. These rules must be followed to achieve a
healthful and safe workplace.
Guidelines for establishing workplace health and safety rules:
a. rules should be specific to health safety concerns in the workplace
b. the joint occupational health and safety committee should participate
in their formulation
c. rules should be stated in clearly understandable terms
d. rules are best stated in positive terms ("employees shall" not
"employees shall not")
e. the reasons for the rule should be explained
f. rules must be enforceable, since disregard for one rule will lead to
disregard for others
g. rules should be available to all employees in written form, in the
languages of communication of employees
h. rules should be periodically reviewed to evaluate effectiveness and to
make changes for improved effectiveness
Compliance with health and safety rules are a condition of employment.
Rules must be explained to new employees when they start work or if they
are transferred or retrained. After a suitable interval, these employees
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
4
Alberta Fire and Flood
Employee Health and Safety Manual
4.
should be briefed to ensure they understand the rules applicable to their
work.
The employer must establish procedures for dealing with repeat rule
violators. Supervisors are responsible for correcting unsafe acts, such as a
breach of rules, and they must be supported in this duty. Points that should
be considered in establishing procedures on this issue are:
a. ensure that employees are aware of the rule
b. ensure that employees are not encouraged, coerced, or forced to
disregard the rule by fellow employees
c. all rules are to be observed
d. no violation will be disregarded
e. the role of discipline is that of education, not punishment
f. action is taken promptly
g. while having guidelines for penalties for the first offence or
infractions may be desirable, some flexibility is required when
applying the guidelines since each case will vary in its circumstances
h. action is taken in private, and recorded.
Part J: How do you establish correct work procedures?
1.
2.
3.
4.
Correct work procedures are the safest way of doing a job, job instruction,
monitoring performance, and accident investigation.
Job safety analysis (JSA), also known as "job hazard analysis", is the first
step in developing the correct procedure. In this analysis, each task of a
specific job is examined to identify hazards and to determine the safest
way to do the job. Job safety analysis involves the following steps:
a. select the job
b. break down the job into a sequence of steps
c. identify the hazards
d. define preventive measures
The analysis should be conducted on all critical tasks or jobs as a first
priority. Critical jobs include:
a. those where frequent accidents and injuries occur
b. those where severe accidents and injuries occur
c. those with a potential for severe injuries
d. new or modified jobs
e. infrequently performed jobs, such as maintenance
Steps in conducting a Job Safety Analysis
a. Job safety analysis is generally carried out by
i.
observing a worker doing the job
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Employee Health and Safety Manual
ii.
5.
identifying all the tasks that a worker performs in the
workplace including technical and non-technical
iii.
separating the critical to safety tasks from the non-critical
tasks
iv.
identify the knowledge, skills and abilities that is required by
the worker to safely and successfully complete the assigned
tasks
v.
validate the Job Safety Analysis with other senior employees
Steps when Developing Effective and Safe Work Procedures
a. A work procedure may consist of more than one specific task. In such
cases, each separate task should be analyzed to complete a job safety
analysis for that procedure.
b. The final version of the correct work procedure should be presented
in a narrative style format that outlines the correct way to do the job
in a step-by-step outline.
c. The steps are described in positive terms, pointing out the reasons
why they are to be done in this way.
d. Reference may be made to applicable rules and regulations and to the
personal protective equipment required, if any.
e. Employees who carry out the tasks should be consulted when
developing the procedure
Corporate Health and Safety Policy
The management of Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. (AFF) is committed to safety on and
off the worksite. This includes the protection of personnel, equipment, material and
the environment against accidental or deliberate loss caused by injuries or accidents.
In fulfilling this commitment, Alberta Fire and Flood Ltd. will comply with all
municipal, provincial and federal legislation.
Alberta Fire and Flood Ltd. has developed a comprehensive Health and Safety
Manual outlining company policies, safe job procedures, safe work practices and
programs to ensure adequate hazard identification, control and worker training is
adhered to.
The management is dedicated to the maintenance of a safe and healthy work
environment and will co-operate with and support the efforts of employees to
achieve this goal.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
6
Alberta Fire and Flood
Employee Health and Safety Manual
Employees at every level, including management, are responsible and accountable
for the company’s overall safety initiatives. Complete and active participation by
everyone, every day, in every job, is necessary for the safety excellence this
company expects. Management supports the co-ordination and co-operation of all
workers concerning safety on the job site.
An accident and injury free workplace is our goal. Through continuous safety and
loss control effort, we can accomplish this.
™ The safety information in this policy does not take precedence
over applicable government legislation, with which all
employees should be familiar.
PROJECT MANAGERS
1.
2.
3.
4.
Contribute to policies and procedures relating to the Alberta Fire and
Flood Ltd. Safety Program. Maintains a commitment and philosophy that
sets levels of expectations for safety performance throughout the
corporation.
Maintains overall control of the safety and loss prevention program
direction.
Ensures all established safety policies are administered and enforced in all
areas.
Ensures that all field operations personnel are aware of and effectively
practice the policies and procedures set out in this safety program.
SAFETY MANAGER
1.
2.
3.
Responsible for daily administration of safety program.
Post all safety bulletins, safety posters and safety rules and regulations.
Complete all accident investigations, analysis and preparation of accident
reports and summaries.
4. Ensure that pertinent safety reports are submitted as required.
5. Ensure that hazard assessments are performed on a regular and timely
basis and are submitted to the safety coordinator.
6. Prepare description of identified unsafe conditions and the steps taken to
correct these conditions.
7. Conducts site inspections on a regular basis.
8. Maintain a list of safety equipment purchased.
9. Will ensure all new employees have been orientated confirm and record
all training received.
10. Prepare a copy of inspection reports on equipment.
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Employee Health and Safety Manual
11. Prepare a copy of filed safety inspection check lists.
12. Ensure that corrective action has been taken whenever deficiencies are
identified.
13. Conduct all safety seminars, training and keep records of the same.
14. Maintain current knowledge of safety literature, regulations and codes of
practice.
15. Chair monthly safety meetings, take minutes and provide management
with copy.
16. Review safety and accident reports with the manager and Supervisor at
least once a month.
17. Provide health education material or instruction to all onsite employees as
required.
18. Develop agendas for Safety Agendas for Safety Meetings with input from
management and workers.
19. Accompany OH&S officials during inspections or investigations.
SUPERVISORS (Crew Chiefs)
1.
Hold regular toolbox meetings with the employees to review safety
conditions and discuss safety concerns.
2. Provide a good example for employees by always directing and
performing work in a safe manner.
3. Ensure that all subcontractors attend Alberta Fire and Flood Ltd. safety
meetings.
4. Make daily observations of safety activities on the projects.
5. Be aware of hazards that exist for the short term. Temporary and new hire
workers who are new to our industry should work with a competent
worker to learn Alberta Fire & Flood policies and procedures.
6. Correct physical conditions, which are liable to cause or have caused
incidents or near misses.
7. Report all accidents, incidents or near misses to determine the underlying
causes.
8. Conduct regular inspections for unsafe practices and conditions and ensure
prompt corrective action to eliminate causes of accidents.
9. Assist the Safety Manager to determine if safe work practices and safe job
procedures are adhered to.
10. Provide each employee with information about the hazards on the job and
how to avoid them.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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Alberta Fire and Flood
Employee Health and Safety Manual
11. Maintain a good housekeeping standard and assign responsibilities to
workers for housekeeping and emergency response plans.
12. Report safety violations to the Safety Manager.
13. Ensure all worksites are equipped with mandatory safety equipment and
all informational “posts” are visible and understood
WORKERS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
To read, understand, and comply with this company’s safety policy, safe
work practices, procedures and rules.
To wear the safety equipment, personal protective devices and clothing
required by regulations and Alberta Fire and Flood Ltd.
To notify the Supervisor of any unsafe conditions or acts that may be of
danger to other workers or himself / herself.
To report all accidents and injuries to the Supervisor as soon a possible.
To take every reasonable precaution to protect the safety of other workers
and himself / herself.
To know the location and use of all emergency and safety equipment on
the worksite.
To know his or her role in an emergency situation.
Not to perform work without proper training or experience.
FIRST AID PERSONNEL
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
For all jobs the Safety Manager will appoint adequate person(s) to
provide such first aid services as may be required given the nature of
our industry and government regulations. The person(s) appointed to
this position shall possess an appropriate certificate in first aid in
accordance with the relevant Occupational Health and Safety
regulations and must be available at all times to administer first aid.
Each worksite will have a certified first aid provider on site.
Administer first aid as required.
Maintain a first aid log.
Requisition first aid supplies and equipment to the Safety
Manager/Supervisor.
Coordinate the transportation of injured employees to a physicians’
office or hospital.
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Employee Health and Safety Manual
SUB CONTRACTORS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Must read, understand and comply with Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd.
safety policy, safe work practices, procedures and rules.
Must provide documentation to Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. confirming
all employees are properly trained.
Must wear the safety equipment, personal protective devices and
clothing required by Alberta Occupational Health & Safety
Regulations and Act.
Must provide information, instructions and assistance to Alberta Fire
& Flood Ltd. staff in order to protect the health and safety of all
workers.
Must begin work on developing a health and safety program for their
company if one is not available while working on an Alberta Fire &
Flood Ltd. job site.
Must notify Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. of any unsafe conditions or
act’s that may exist on the project.
Must report all accidents, in writing immediately to Alberta Fire &
Flood Ltd. and to investigate all accidents fully, and to advise Alberta
Fire & Flood Ltd. on how to prevent similar accidents in the future.
Must carry out safety inspections / hazard assessments of their work
site area to ensure a safe and healthy environment for all workers.
These safety inspections / hazard assessments must be performed at
least weekly or sooner depending on the work site situation. A copy
of the safety inspections / hazard assessments must be delivered to
Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. within 72 hours.
Must be in attendance at required safety meetings.
Must conduct regularly tool box / tailgate meetings with their
employees.
Must take every reasonable precaution to protect the safety of all
workers on site.
Must cooperate with Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. on safety issues to the
best of their ability.
Must work in a conscientious manner and with regards to the health
and safety of other workers who may be affected by their actions.
Must only perform the tasks that they are qualified for.
Must know the location and use of all emergency and safety
equipment on the work site.
Must provide Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. with a list of all employees
trained in first aid, as well as any additional emergency training.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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Alberta Fire and Flood
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Written Inspection
Schedule
Main Facility Inspection
Review of Previous
Inspection of a Main
Facility by Safety
Manager
Written Safety Meeting
Schedule
General Safety Meetings
Agenda for Safety
Meetings
Operations Safety
Report by Project
Management Response
to Monthly Safety
Report
Emergency Respirator
Equipment Check
Respirator Maintenance
Ladder Inspection
Fall Arrest Equipment
Personal Protective
Equipment
Annual
SemiAnnually
Quarterly
Bi-Monthly
Monthly
Bi-Weekly
Weekly
Administration - Safety Program Schedules
First
Quarter
Annually
Annually
1st
Quarter
¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
As per Manufacturer's Specifications
Prior to Use
Before Each Shift
Prior to Use
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Powered Mobile
Equipment
Scaffolds and
Temporary Work
Platforms
Tools, Equipment and
Machinery
MSDS updates
Emergency Showers and
Eyewash Stations
Emergency Response
Drills
Incident/Accident and
Loss Statistics Analysis
Compilation
Management Participate in Safety
Meetings
Management Participate in Planned
Inspections
Annual
SemiAnnually
Quarterly
Bi-Monthly
Monthly
Bi-Weekly
Weekly
Administration - Safety Program Schedules
As per Manufacturer's Specifications
Before First Use and every 30 calendar
days during use
Prior to use and as per Manufacturer's
Specifications
Within 90 days if new hazard
information becomes available
¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
Management Participate in ERP drills
Management - Review
ERPs
¥
¥
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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Supervisors - Assist in the
Development of Health and
Safety Plans
Annual
SemiAnnually
Quarterly
Bi-Monthly
¥
Supervisors - Attend Safety
Meetings
Supervisors - Identify and
update individual training
needs
As per Schedule
¥
Workers - Inspect, repair and
maintain all emergency/rescue
equipment
¥
Workers - Participate in an
Emergency Response Drill
¥
Workers - Participate in all
safety meetings
Contractors - Site Orientations
Contractors - Inspect worksites,
equipment, tools and vehicles
WHMIS Certification
First Aid and CPR
TDG Certification
Fire Extinguisher Training
Monthly
Bi-Weekly
Weekly
Administration - Safety Program Schedules
Must attend at least 80% of all safety
meetings
Every new job site
¥
Every three years
Every three years
Every three years
Within first year, and every three years
thereafter
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SECTION 2 - JOB SITE HAZARD ASSESSMENTS
HAZARD ASSESSMENT IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL POLICY
This section will discuss the policies and procedures of Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd.
regarding Hazard Assessment Identification and Control. Alberta Fire & Flood uses
hazard assessment as a means of determining and prioritizing hazards that may be
present on the job. Hazard identification and control is critical in development of
Safe Work Practices and Job Procedures and are an important step in the balance of
safety within our organization and on our sites. It is through hazard identification,
assessment, elimination and control that the frequency and severity of accidents
(risk) is reduced or removed. Reducing risk to people, property or the environment,
results in a reduction in both human and financial costs.
By reviewing projects, potential hazards can be predetermined and addressed prior
to putting any staff on site. This also gives Alberta Fire & Flood the ability to inform
workers of any existing or potential hazards. Hazard Assessments help us to identify
areas that continue to cause concern and this allows Alberta Fire & Flood to
establish administrative or engineered controls or Safe Work Practices or specific
PPE to decrease or eliminate any potential for loss.
Hazard Assessments consist of three parts:
1. Identifying the task (drywall, mould removal, scaffolding).
2. Identifying exposure to people, property or environment (for instance
when the sheets of drywall are being brought into the house).
3. Identifying the action(s) required to eliminate or reduce the risk (PPE, prejob planning).
Hazard Classes
Hazards are separated into three classes:
Class A Hazard: Conditions or practices with the potential for permanent
disability, loss of life or body art and/or extensive loss of structure, equipment or
material. This type of hazard may require shutting down a portion of the work or a
piece of equipment.
Class B Hazard: Conditions or practices with a potential for serious injury or
property damage that is disruptive, but less severe than ‘Class A’.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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Class C Hazard: Conditions or practices with the potential for minor injury of
illness of non-disruptive property damage.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Hazard Assessments will be performed on all job sites. All workers will be
trained to identify and implement the necessary control or inform the Crew
Chief for further assessment and control. All workers will be informed of
Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. Policy and Procedure. Every worker is required to
perform Hazard Assessments regularly. If a worker is untrained in proper
procedures, he will perform the Hazard Assessment with a competent worker.
Every job will have at least one Hazard Assessment performed. No job is too
minor to determine hazards.
Hazard Assessments will be done on a daily basis, prior to work commencing
and/or whenever the scope of work changes.
Hazard Assessments will be dated and the job site number and location will be
on it. Hazard Assessments will be signed by all workers who performed it.
Corrective Actions should be on the Hazard Assessment.
Hazard Assessments will be discussed with ALL of the workers present and
will be posted in a prominent place and readily available.
Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. Hazard Assessment Policy will be posted at all
jobsites.
All visitors to the jobsite will be immediately directed to the Hazard
Assessment by their escort and existing and/or potential hazards discussed. The
Jobsite Visitor Sign-In Sheet will acknowledge that visitors are aware of the
hazards.
Responsibilities
Safety Manager
1.
2.
3.
The Safety Manager has the prime responsibility for ensuring that controls are
continually being developed and implemented and that compliance is achieved.
All Hazard Assessments will be reviewed by the Safety Manager to ensure
appropriate content and quality and to confirm that appropriate measures have
been taken to eliminate or control the risks.
The Safety Manager is also responsible to ensure that staff is trained to better
assess the hazards and properly document the information obtained.
Crew Chiefs
1.
Crew Chiefs are responsible to ensure that all workers are trained in performing
Hazard Assessments and the reporting process.
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2.
3.
4.
Crew Chiefs are responsible to review and sign all Hazard Assessments prior to
submission to the Safety Coordinator and to ensure that submission of Hazard
Assessments is done on no less than a weekly basis.
When a hazard has been identified, the Crew Chief should be notified
immediately and he will investigate the hazard and/or control implemented.
The Crew Chief will contact the Project Manager to discuss elimination or
control of all Priority 1 Hazards identified if these hazards have not been predetermined and addressed prior to the start of the job/task.
Workers
1.
2.
3.
Workers are responsible to inform their Crew Chief or Safety Manager if they
feel they are not adequately trained in the Hazard Assessment process.
Workers are responsible for identifying and reporting any and all existing or
potential hazards that they may encounter during the workday.
If a worker is uncertain or uncomfortable with a hazard or the control of that
hazard, they must inform the Crew Chief or Project Manager prior to starting or
returning to the task.
Sub-Contractors
1.
2.
3.
Sub-contractors are required to perform Hazard Assessments in accordance
with Alberta Fire & Flood Hazard Identification and Control Policy.
Sub-contractors are required to discuss with the Alberta Fire & Flood Crew
Chief any hazards identified and furthermore, are required to submit a copy of
their Hazard Assessment to Alberta Fire & Flood on no less than a weekly
basis.
Sub-contractors are responsible in ensuring that their workers are trained in
Hazard Identification and Assessment/Control.
™ The safety information in this policy does not take precedence
over applicable government legislation, with which all
employees should be familiar.
Conducting a Hazard Assessment
Proceed as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Assemble all personnel to be involved.
Discuss possible hazards prior to starting.
Tour the entire operation.
Look for possible hazards originating with environment, material,
equipment and people.
Keep asking yourself
“ WHAT IF ”
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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6.
7.
8.
9.
Mark every area on the assessment form that pertains to your operation.
Review your findings.
Rank the items on a “ WORST FIRST ” basis.
Using the company safety manual, start setting up a plan to control the
hazards that have been identified.
Hazard Control
An effective safety program will use three general approaches to hazard
control.
A. Administrative Control
B. Engineering Control
C. Personal Protective Equipment
Equipment
The administrative control of this assessment generally deals with directing
people and includes broad topics such as policies procedures and training
generally brought forward and put into place by management.
Hazard Symbols
Memorize and Recognize, Your Health Depends On It.
There are six classes of hazards. They are compressed gas, flammable and
combustible material which contains 6 separate divisions, oxidizing material,
poisonous and infectious material, which contains 3 separate sub-classes,
corrosive materials and dangerously reactive material. Each of the classes is
represented by a hazard symbol.
CLASS A: COMPRESSED GAS
This class includes compressed gases,
dissolved gases, and gases liquefied by
compression or refrigeration.
Example: Acetylene and Oxygen are gases at room temperature.
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CLASS B: FLAMMABLE AND
COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL
This class includes solids, liquids, and gases
capable of catching fire in the presence of a
spark or open flame under normal working
conditions.
This class includes:
Division 1: Flammable gas
Division 2: Flammable liquid (Flash Point below 37.8 degrees C)
Division 3: Combustible liquid (Flash Point greater than 73.8 degrees C )
Division 4: Heat or Friction (Can Ignite flammable solid)
Division 5: Flammable aerosol
Division 6: Reactive flammable material (Flammable in air)
CLASS C: OXIDIZING MATERIAL
These materials increase the risk of fire if they
come in contact with flammable or
combustible materials.
This substance will cause another substance to burn.
Example: bleach, when poured onto a combustible material may cause combustible
materials to burn more quickly.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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CLASS D: POISONOUS AND
INFECTIOUS MATERIAL
Division 1: Materials Causing Immediate
and Serious Toxic Effects
These materials can cause death or immediate
injury when a person is exposed to small
amounts. Examples: sodium cyanide, hydrogen
sulfide
Sub-Class 1
Materials causing immediate and serious toxic effects. These are materials,
which cause harmful effects, including death, within a short period after
exposure
CLASS D: POISONOUS AND
INFECTIOUS MATERIAL
Division 2: Materials Causing Other Toxic
EFFECTS
These materials can cause life-threatening and
serious long-term health problems as well as
less severe but immediate reactions in a person
who is repeatedly exposed to small amounts.
Materials, which can cause cancer, are included here.
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CLASS D: POISONOUS AND
INFECTIOUS MATERIAL
Division 3: Bio-hazardous Infectious
MATERIAL
These materials contain harmful microorganisms that have been classified into Risk
Groups 2, 3, and 4 as determined by the World
Health Organization (WHO) or the Medical
Research Council of Canada.
An organism or its toxins that may cause serious infectious disease.
Example: Anthrax (Meat handling and tanning) bacteria-laden cotton dust
(cotton processing) or waste water treatment plants.
CLASS E: CORROSIVE MATERIAL
This class includes caustic and acid materials
that can destroy the skin or eat through metals.
Examples: sodium hydroxide, hydrochloric
acid, nitric acid
EXAMPLE: Chromic acid.
CLASS F: DANGEROUSLY REACTIVE
MATERIAL
These products may self-react dangerously (for
example, they may explode) upon standing or
when exposed to physical shock or to increased
pressure or temperature, or they emit toxic
gases when exposed to water.
Example: benzyl peroxide will decompose and explode if it is heated or dropped.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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Employee Health and Safety Manual
Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS)
RESPONSIBILITIES OF SUPPLIERS, EMPLOYERS AND WORKERS
LABELS
SUPPLIER
1. Must develop or obtain supplier labels for all controlled products.
2. Must apply labels to the container of a controlled product before it is
sold.
3. Must revise the label and apply the revised label to all subsequent
sales of the controlled product if new information becomes available.
EMPLOYER
1. Must ensure all containers of a controlled product entering the
workplace are labeled.
2. Must apply supplier labels to the inner containers of multi-container
shipments.
3. Must apply supplier label and apply to a controlled product when a
container has arrived at workplace without a supplier label.
4. Must see that no person removes, alters or defaces a required label,
and if so, to replace it as soon as possible with either a supplier label
or workplace label.
5. Must advise workers as to the relevance of other meanings or
labeling such as color coding, placards, etc.
6. Must ensure workers can understand the information on the label and
are aware of the need to review the applicable MSDS.
WORKER
1.
2.
3.
Must ensure they can understand the information on the label and are
aware of the need to review the applicable MSDS.
Must report to the Supervisor where labels are unreadable or have
been removed, altered or defaced.
Must follow employer’s direction to avoid removing, altering or
defacing labels.
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Material Safety Data Sheets - (MSDS)
SUPPLIER
1. Must develop or obtain a Material Safety Data Sheet for each controlled
product imported or sold for use in the workplace.
2. Must ensure that the information is current and was prepared not more than 3
years previous to sale or importation.
3. Must provide a copy to the purchaser on or before date of sale.
4. Must make available MSDS in English and French.
EMPLOYER
1. Must ensure a copy of the MSDS is obtained on or before the date of receipt on
the workplace.
2. Must ensure a copy of the MSDS is readily available on the workplace before
use of the controlled product by workers.
3. Must update MSDS every 3 years of within 90 days of receipt of new
information.
4. Must ensure workers are aware of the location of the MSDS and can
understand the information and significance of the MSDS.
WORKERS
1. Must refer to or be familiar with the applicable MSDS before using a controlled
product.
______________________________________________
LOCATION OF MSDS INFORMATION
READ THE LABELS
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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Employee Health and Safety Manual
SECTION 3 - SAFE WORK PRACTICES
Definition
Safe Work Practices identify how to carry out the specific task, inform the worker
about hazards present and provide direction on how to safeguard against those
hazards. They are guidelines to safely perform specific tasks.
1. Alberta Fire & Flood requires and encourages all employees and subcontractors to use Safe Work Practices every day in every task performed on
our jobsites. Some of these Safe Work Practices have been developed by our
staff and incorporated into this manual while others are recognized as standard
industry practices. We believe that with on-going employee training and staff
involvement in the development of Safe Work Practices we will be prepared to
control workplace hazards. The consistent use of Safe Work Practices within
our company will help reduce the hazards faced by workers. Safe Work
Practices are guidelines for correct performance and reflect pertinent legislation
and regulations.
2. Safe Work Practices will be reviewed annually or whenever an incident
occurs.
3. Safe Work Practices shall be in writing and maintained in the company Health
& Safety Manual.
4. All workers are required to ensure they understand and comply with the Safe
Work Practices that apply specifically to the task they are about to perform.
5. Crew Chiefs are to ensure employees are aware of task specific Safe Work
Practices and are following appropriate procedures under the guidance of
competent supervision.
6. All Safe Work Practices must meet or exceed all applicable legislation, industry
and Alberta Fire & Flood standards. These standards and safety regulations are
to be used as a guideline when preparing these practices.
™ The safety information in this policy does not take precedence
over applicable government legislation, with which all employees
should be familiar.
Working Alone
Purpose: To protect workers when working alone.
Employers Obligations to Working Alone:
1.
2.
Must, ensure a hazard assessment is conducted for workers working alone;
Must provide an effective communication system consisting of radios, landline
or cellular telephone or other effective means of electronic communications;
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Employee Health and Safety Manual
3.
4.
Must ensure the communication system includes regular contact by the
employer or designate at intervals appropriate to the nature of hazard associated
with the worksite;
Must ensure the employer or designate visits the worker or the worker contacts
the employer or designate at intervals appropriate to the nature of the hazard
associated with the work if effective electronic communication is not
practicable.
Workers Obligations include:
1.
Must contact the employer or designate at intervals appropriate to the nature of
the hazard associated with the work if effective electronic communication is
not practicable.
Workplace Violence
Purpose: To protect workers from workplace violence.
Employers Obligations to Worker Protection from Workplace Violence
include:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Conduct a hazard assessment for workplace violence;
Must, develop a policy and procedures respecting potential workplace violence;
Must, for instructions to workers:
a. Ensure they know how to recognize workplace violence;
b. Ensure they are instructed in the policy, procedures, and workplace
arrangements that effectively minimize or eliminate workplace
violence;
c. Ensure they are instructed in the procedures for reporting,
investigating and documenting incidents of workplace violence.
Must, for response to incidents:
a. Ensure the worker is advised to consult a health professional of the
worker’s choice of treatment/referral, if an injury or adverse
symptom resulting from workplace violence is reported or exposed to
workplace violence.
Workers Obligations include:
1.
Must take the training provided by the employer in how to recognize
workplace violence, the policy, procedures and workplace arrangements in
place that minimize or eliminates workplace violence, and how to respond,
obtain assistance as well as procedures for reporting, investigating and
documenting workplace violence incidents.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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Employee Health and Safety Manual
Working on or around Moving Machinery
When working on or around moving equipment, operators and ground
personnel to be sure of a safe working area must take care to:
1. Make sure a vehicle is in park or neutral and that the park brake is
engaged before leaving the vehicle.
2. Shut off engine before any maintenance work is performed.
3. Do a walk around prior to moving the machine while looking for unseen
hazards.
4. When working around moving equipment, always be alert and stay clear
of this equipment.
5. Never run in front of or behind moving equipment.
6. Equipment operators should always be alert of personnel working around
their equipment.
7. Never park on a hill without blocking wheels.
8. Authorized passengers only (in passenger vehicles).
9. Only authorized personnel allowed to operate equipment
Fire Extinguishers
Good housekeeping is essential in the prevention of fires. Fires can start
anywhere and at any time. This is why it is so important to know which fire
extinguisher to use and how to use it.
Always keep the fire extinguisher visible and easy to get at. Fire extinguishers
have to be properly maintained to do the job. Where temperature is a factor,
ensure that care is taken in selecting the right extinguisher.
Safety is always top priority. Use extreme caution. If you are unable or unsure
as to whether or not you can extinguish the fire call for help or backup.
Rule of thumb: Life first, Property second
TYPES OF FIRES
CLASS A
Wood, paper, rags, rubbish and other ordinary combustible materials
Rule of thumb: anything that would leave an ash.
RECOMMENDED EXTINGUISHERS
Water from a hose or can, pressurized water extinguisher, foam and ABC dry
chemical extinguishers.
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Employee Health and Safety Manual
FIGHTING THE FIRE
When extinguishing a fire with water, use extreme caution.
1. Approach upwind.
2. Apply water to the leading edge of the fire.
3. Soak the fire completely
4. Overhaul the smoking ember completely.
When extinguishing a fire with ABC dry chemical, use extreme caution.
1. Approach upwind
2. Apply dry chemical 3 meters in front of the leading edge in a
sweeping motion.
a. (pressurized extinguishers can spread the embers if applied
to close)
3. Overhaul the smoking embers when safe to do so.
CLASS B
Flammable Liquids, oil, grease, paint etc.
Rule of thumb: anything that comes in a barrel.
RECOMMENDED EXTINGUISHERS
ABC dry powder extinguishers, BC dry powder extinguishers, foam
extinguishers.
FIGHTING THE FIRE
When extinguishing a Class B fire with dry chemical extinguishers, use extreme
caution.
1. Approach upwind.
2. Apply dry chemical 3 meters from leading edge in a rapid sweeping
motion - pressurized extinguishers can spread the combustible
materials if applied to close.
3. Always back away from the fire in case it flares up a second time.
When extinguishing a Class B fire with foam, use extreme caution.
1. Approach upwind.
2. Deflect foam into the fire to avoid splashing.
3. Cover the entire surface area with foam before moving upward.
4. Always back away from the fire in case it flares up a second time.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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CLASS C
Electrical Fires
Rule of thumb: Anything that has a current.
RECOMMENDED EXTINGUISHERS
ABC and BC dry chemical, Carbon Dioxide extinguishers.
FIGHTING THE FIRE
When Extinguishing a Class C fire with dry chemical extinguishers, use
extreme caution.
1. Approach up wind.
2. Apply Dry Chemical to leading edge of fire.
3. Always back away from the fire in case it flares up a second time.
When extinguishing a Class C fire with Carbon Dioxide extinguishers, use extreme
caution.
1. Approach upwind.
2. Apply Carbon Dioxide in short bursts using a sweeping motion.
3. Always back away from the fire in case it flares up a second time.
Use of Carbon Dioxide as an extinguishing agent, displaces oxygen and may
cause an oxygen deficiency.
Use extreme caution.
Use of Cleaning Solvents and Flammables
Cleaning solvents are used in the day-to-day operation to clean tools and equipment.
Specialized care must be taken to protect the worker for hazards, which may be
created from the use of these liquids. Wherever possible, solvents should be
nonflammable and nontoxic.
The foreman must be aware of all solvents / flammables that are used on the job, and
be sure that all workers who use these materials have been instructed in their proper
use and the hazards they pose.
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Employee Health and Safety Manual
THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS OR RULES APPLY WHEN
SOLVENTS AND FLAMMABLES ARE USED:
1.
2.
USE NONFLAMMABLE SOLVENTS FOR GENERAL CLEANING.
When flammable liquids are used, make sure that no hot work is permitted in
the area.
3. Store flammables and solvents in special storage containers and special storage
areas.
4. Check toxic hazards of all solvents before use ( MSDS )
5. Provide adequate ventilation where all solvents and flammables are being used.
6. Use goggles or face shield to protect the face and eyes from splashes or sprays.
7. Use approved rubber gloves to protect hands.
8. When breathing hazards exist, use the appropriate respiratory protection.
9. Never leave solvents in open tubs or vats – return them to storage drums or
tanks.
10. Ensure that proper containers are used for transportation, storage and field use
of solvents and flammables.
11. Where solvents are controlled products, ensure all employees using or in the
vicinity of storage are trained and certified in the Workplace Hazardous
Materials Information System. Ensure that all WHMIS requirements are met.
Defective Tools
Defective tools can cause serious and painful injuries. If a tool is defective in some
way,
“DO NOT USE IT”.
BE AWARE OF PROBLEMS LIKE:
1. Chisels and wedges with mushroomed heads.
2. Split or cracked handles.
3. Chipped or broken drill bits.
4. Wrenches with worn out jaws.
5. Tools, which are not complete, such as files without handles.
TO ENSURE THE SAFE USE OF HAND TOOLS, REMEMBER:
1. Never use a defective tool.
2. Double check all tools prior to use.
3. Ensure defective tools are repaired.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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AIR, GASOLINE OR ELECTRIC POWER TOOLS, REQUIRE SKILL AND
COMPLETE ATTENTION ON THE PART OF THE USER EVEN WHEN
THEY ARE IN GOOD CONDITION.
DO NOT USE ANY POWER TOOL WHEN THEY ARE DEFECTIVE IN
ANY WAY.
WATCH FOR PROBLEMS LIKE:
1. Broken or defective guards.
2. Insufficient or improper grounding due to damage on double insulated
tools.
3. No ground wire (on plug) or cords of standard tools.
4. Tool blade is cracked.
5. The wrong grinder wheel is being used.
6. The guard has been wedged back on a power saw.
NEVER USE DEFECTIVE TOOLS!
Welding, Cutting and Burning
Work involving welding, cutting or burning can increase the fire and breathing
hazard on any job, and the following should be considered prior to the start of work:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Always ensure that adequate ventilation is supplied since hazardous fumes
can be created during welding, cutting or burning.
Where other workers may be exposed to hazards created by welding,
cutting or burning, they must be alerted to these hazards or protected from
them by the use of “screens” on hand before starting welding, cutting or
burning.
Never start work without proper authorization.
Always have fire fighting or preventative equipment on hand before
starting welding, cutting or burning.
Check the work area for combustible material and possible flammable
vapors before starting work.
A welder should never work alone. A spark or fire-watch should be
maintained.
Check cables and hoses to protect them from slag or sparks.
Never weld or cut lines, drums, tanks, etc. that have been in service
without making sure that all precautions have been carried out and permits
obtained.
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9.
Never enter, weld or cut in a confined space without proper gas tests and
required safety lookout.
10. When working overhead, use fire resistant materials (blanket or tarps) to
control or contain slag and sparks.
11. Cutting and welding MUST NOT be performed where sparks and cutting
slag will fall on cylinders (move all cylinders and all flammables away to
one side).
12. Open cylinder valves slowly. The wrench used for opening the cylinder
valves should always be kept on the valve spindle when the cylinder is in
use.
Contact with an Energized Power Line
When an energized power line is contacted:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
The operator shall always remain with the machine. Do not touch
anything that could be in contact with the ground.
Warn others to stay back. Tell them not to touch the load, lines, boom,
bucket or anything else connected to the equipment.
Have someone call the utility company and fire department.
If possible break contact by backing the machine out of the power lines.
If fire erupts and you Must abandon the machine, jump clear, never step
down to avoid becoming part of the lethal circuit.
Jump with both feet together and hop away from machine. DO NOT
WALK, because the voltage differential in soil can vary. Stepping
between these invisible high and low voltage areas can cause fatal injuries.
Stay a minimum of 10 meters away from overhead power lines
WARNING:
1.
2.
3.
Most power lines have relays. After breakers are tripped, relays may be
triggered to reactive the power and any item or person with it.
When a casualty is in contact with a power line, call the fire department
immediately and have them perform the rescue.
Know your allowance levels of approach. Have the owner of the utility
determine the approach distance.
Call the Utility Company
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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Mould Abatement and Remediation
Although few specific provincial and/or federal safety and health regulations related
to mould and microbiological remediation exist, there are safety and health
regulations that are applicable to businesses that perform such work. Each employer
is responsible for complying with these safety and health regulatory requirements.
Remediation firms must comply with Construction Industry Standards as well as
regulations established by the local authorities having jurisdiction, when working at
their jobsites in the field.
Specific items addressed by these groups of regulations include, but are not limited
to, the following:
1. Emergency Action and Fire Prevention Plans
2. Personal Protective Clothing
3. Respiratory Protection
4. Asbestos
5. Lead
6. Heat Disorders and Health Effects
7. Confined Spaces
8. Hazard Communication
9. Lockout/Tag out Procedures and Electrical Safety Disorders
10. Fall Protection
11. Noise Exposure
12. Scaffolds
Although the health effects of exposure to certain types of moulds in the outdoor
environment have long been recognized and described in the medical literature, the
specific effects of the exposure to those that arise in the indoor environment are only
a relatively recent area of concern and investigation. The complexity of fungal
contamination in indoor environments, including the variety of moulds, the changing
conditions ( moisture, temperature, building envelope and mechanical ventilation
dynamics), concentrations and forms (hyphae, spores), presents unique challenges in
assessing occupant health risks. Understanding the types and relative significance of
actual health risks is critical as well as a public health perspective.
Note:
Alberta Fire and Flood Ltd. policy requires all employees to use extreme
precautions when working in and around mould abatement and remediation job
sites.
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Metal Scaffolds
There are various types of metal scaffolds and they all have a right way and
wrong way to be erected.
The misuse of scaffolding is the cause of numerous serious injuries. Every
worker who designs or constructs a scaffold should be competent and know
what the manufacturer’s specifications are for that type of scaffold.
The scaffold type, which will be best suited for the job and capable of
withstanding the loads to be imposed on it must be determined before the job
begins.
Ensure that:
1. The scaffold you intend to use is the correct one for the job.
2. The location in which the scaffold is to be constructed is level or is
capable of presenting secure footing by use of mudsills or some other
device.
3. Only competent workers will erect the scaffold.
4. Legislative and manufacturer’s requirements have been complied with.
Safe access and egress to both the scaffold and general area has been
provided. Leveling adjustment screws have not been over extended.
5. Tower scaffolds have outriggers or are guyed and have all component
parts secured in place (i.e. cross braces, pins, lateral braces).
6. Scaffold work platforms have perimeter guardrail.
a. Horizontal Rail
i.
0.92 meters to 1.07 meters above the platform
b. Intermediate Rail
i.
Horizontal rail midway between scaffold platform and top rail
c. Toe Board
i.
Horizontal platform level no less than 140 mm in height above
platform level.
7. Scaffold planks are number one grade materials with maximum spans of
3.1 meters on light duty and 2.3 meters on heavy duty with a maximum
projection beyond the ledger of no more than 300 mm.
FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE THE APPROPRIATE CURRENT
OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY REGULATIONS
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
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Working at heights over 1.2 Meters
An employer shall ensure that where it is possible for a worker to fall a vertical
distance greater than 3.5 meters from a temporary work area or 1.2 meters from
a permanent work area, the worker is protected from falling by:
1. A guardrail around the work area.
2. A safety net.
3. A fall arrest device.
4. A safety belt or harness securely attached to an anchor point.
The following personal protective equipment is required before starting this
procedure: hard hat, safety harness, lifeline or lanyard, C.S.A. steel toe work boots,
safety glasses, gloves and hearing protection if working in a noisy area,
1. There is to be two workers located in the work area when working 1.2 meters
or higher using a safety harness and lanyard in the event of an accident.
2. Under no circumstances is worker to perform or engage in any work, unless
all personal protective equipment is available and worn by the workers.
3. This procedure also applies when changing rollers on conveyor belts.
4. This procedure further applies to subcontractors, suppliers and any other
company or person engaging in work on company premises.
Working at heights and Fall Protection
An employer shall ensure that where it is possible for a worker to fall a vertical
distance greater than 3 meters from a temporary work area or there is unusual
possibility of injury if a worker falls less than 3 meters:
1. A guardrail around the work area.
2. A safety net
3. A fall arresting device.
4. A safety belt or harness attached to an anchor point.
The following personal protective equipment is required before starting this
procedure: hard hat, safety harness, lifeline or lanyard, C.S.A. steel toe work boots,
safety glasses, gloves and hearing protection if working in a noise area
1. There is to be two workers located in each work area when working 1.2
meters or higher using a safety harness and lanyard in the event of an
accident.
2. Under NO circumstances is a worker to perform or engage in any work,
unless all personal protective equipment is available and worn by workers.
3. This procedure also applies when changing rollers on conveyor belts.
4. This procedure further applies to sub-contractors, suppliers and any other
company or person engaging in work on company premises.
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5.
Rescue personnel involved in training or in providing emergency rescue
services may use equipment and practices other than those specified in this
part.
6. An employer must ensure that workers use a fall protection system at a
temporary or permanent work area if:
a) A worker may fall 3 meters or more, or
b) There is an unusual possibility of injury if a worker falls less than 3
meters
7. For the purposes of this section, there is an unusual possibility of injury if
the injury may be worse than an injury from landing on a solid flat
surface.
8. An employer must ensure that a worker at a permanent work area is
protected from falling by a guardrail if the worker may fall a vertical
distance of more than 1.2 meters and less than 3 meters.
9. Despite subsection (3), if the use of a guardrail is not reasonably
practicable, an employer must ensure that a worker uses a travel restraint
system.
10. Despite subsection (4), if the use of a travel restraint system is not
reasonably practicable, an employer must ensure that the worker uses an
equally effective means that protects the worker from falling.
11. A worker must use or wear the fall protection system the employer
requires the worker to use or wear in compliance with this Code.
Anchor Points
1.
If a worker uses personal fall arrest system or travel restraint system, the
worker must ensure that it is safely secured to an anchor point or plate that
meets the requirements of this Part.
Special Protection
1.
2.
3.
An employer must ensure that a worker on an elevating work platform or
aerial device uses a travel restraint system.
Subsection (1) does not apply to a worker on a scissor lift, or an elevating
work platform with similar characteristics, that is operating on a firm,
substantially level surface with all the manufacturer’s guardrails and
chains in place.
If a fork-mounted work platform is elevated to a height of 3 meters or
more above the ground or any portion of the guardrail system has been
removed, an employer must ensure that the worker on the platform uses a
travel restraint system.
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4.
5.
6.
Despite subsections (1) and (3) if a worker’s movement cannot be
adequately restricted in all directions, the employer must ensure that the
worker uses a personal fall arrest system.
An employer must ensure that a worker who is being raised or lowered in
a man basket uses a personal fall arrest system.
An employer must ensure that a worker who is working from a portable
ladder referred to in section 137 uses a personal fall arrest system.
Procedure – Based Fall Protection System
The OH&S Code defines fall protection system as:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
A personal fall arrest system,
A travel restraint system,
A safety net,
A control zone, or
Another system approved by a Director of Inspection
Alberta Human Resources and Employment recognizes that in a very limited
number of circumstances, it is impracticable or impossible to provide or use one of
the fall protection systems listed as (a) through (d). The use of one of these systems
could also result in a greater hazard to workers than if an alternate system were used.
Option (e) allows the use of “another system approved by a “Director of Inspection”.
One such system involves the use of administrative procedures, in the limited
number of situations described below, subject to specific conditions. A procedure –
based fall protection system can be used in the following situations:
1.
Installation or removal of fall protection equipment (first person up / last
person down) – typical examples may involve installing a fall arrest anchor at
the peak of a roof, installing a perimeter guard rail system on a flat roof,
installing a portable fall arrest post at height, etc.;
2.
Roof inspecting or estimating – applies to both flat and sloped roofs; and
3.
Emergency repairs – this does not include normal maintenance and service
tasks. Emergency repairs must involve light duty tasks of limited duration.
Workers engaged in these three types of activities at height are exposed to fall
hazards for very short periods of time, if at all, since they are most likely to
accomplish their work without going near the danger zone i.e. within 2 meters
of the edge in case of roofs. Workers in such case are not continually or
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routinely exposed to fall hazards. As a result, they tend to be very focused on
their footing, alert and aware of the falling hazards associated with falling i.e.
more aware of their position than, for example, a roofer who is moving
backwards while operating a felt laying machine, or plumber whose attention is
on an overhead pipe and not on a floor edge.
If an employer wishes to use the procedure –based fall protection system, all of the
following conditions must be met:
1.
Written Hazard Assessment
A written hazard assessment specific to the work site and work being
performed must be completed.
This reinforces the requirements of Part 2 of the OH&S Code for the hazard
assessment.
2.
Written Procedures
The procedures to be followed by workers while performing the work must be
in writing and available to workers before the work begins. Workers must
understand each activity they are about to undertake. The procedures must be
part of the fall protection plan required by section 143 of the OH&S Code.
3.
Fall Protection System Must be Used if Practicable
If the use of a fall protection system is listed in a) through d) above is
practicable, it must be used e.g. if anchor points are available or a fall
protection system can be rigged without exposing the workers to a greater
hazard, then a fall protection system must used. The option of using an
administrative procedure is not intended to allow an employer or worker to
avoid using a fall protection system or some type of elevated work platform
just because doing so may be inconvenient or take more time than using an
administrative procedure.
4.
Limit Number of Workers Exposed to Fall Hazard
The work must be carried out in such a way that minimizes the number of
workers exposed to the fall hazard while work is being performed.
5.
Limit Worker Exposure to Undue Harm
Use of a procedure-based system must not expose a worker to undue harm.
Working at heights has inherent risks. Undue harm involves exposing a worker
to a greater potential harm and is not an acceptable practice e.g. having a
worker free climb a severely sloped metal clad roof to install an anchor at the
peak, having a worker inspect a difficult –to-access equipment location that
could be inspected from another location using other means i.e. elevating work
platform or nearby structure using optical equipment. The work must not
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expose workers to an undue hazard resulting from poor environmental
conditions e.g. high winds, ice footing, etc., roof slope or surface finish.
6.
Light Duty Tasks of Limited Duration
The work must be limited to light duty of limited duration. As with work
performed from a portable ladder (see the explanation in section 137) certain
conditions apply:
a. The work must be a “light duty tasks” such as inspection, estimating, or
simple emergency repairs e.g. membrane repair on a flat roof (the repair
of insulation below the waterproofing membrane is not a light duty
task), installation of perimeter sheet metal roof flashing, etc. The work
done must be less than approximately 15 minutes in duration, and
b. While doing the task, the worker should not turn his or her back to the
edge and must keep the edge in site. If either of these conditions cannot
be met, a procedure-based system cannot be used.
7.
Worker Competency
The worker performing the work must be competent to do so, which means that
they have the knowledge, skill and experience to complete the task
8.
Limitations on Inspection, Investigation and Assessment
Activities
If the procedure-based approach is used for inspection, investigation or
assessment activities, the activities must take place prior to the actual start of
work or after work has been completed. If the activities take place while work
is going on e.g. during a construction of a roof or structure, the fall protection
requirements of
Part 9 of the OH&S Code apply to ALL workers exposed to fall hazard.
The use of a procedure-based approach in these circumstances recognizes that
before work begins, or after all work has been completed and workers have left the
area, there may be a need for building inspectors, owner, etc. to inspect the area and
/ or the work. All fall protection equipment such as perimeter guardrail systems or
safety nets may have been removed following completion of the work. The system
need not be reinstalled a second time for inspectors.
Portable Turbodryers
Turbo Dryers are high-performance air movers for speed drying of building
structures and contents. They are designed for a balance of static pressure and
airflow.
Keep Unit Grounded: Always operate the unit with a grounding plug and a
grounded electrical outlet.
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Protect Power Cord from Damage: Never operate a unit with a damaged power
cord, as this may lead to electrical or fire hazards.
Run on Stable Surface: Always operate the unit on a stable, level surface, like the
floor or a strong counter, so it cannot fall or cause injury.
Keep Air- Intakes Clear: Do not clog or block air intakes, as may happen if
operated too close to draperies or similar materials. Do not allow dust, dirt or other
particles to be drawn into the
air- intakes. Any blockage of air- intakes can cause the unit to overheat, resulting in
a fire or electrical hazard.
Allow Repair Only by Qualified Person: Do not attempt to disassemble or repair
the unit if you are not qualified to do so.
DRI-EAZ Turbo Blowers
Positioning Turbo Dryers:
1. When drying in a building, place at least one Turbo Dryer per room, or
one for every 200 square feet. Place as many as needed for a maximum
airflow across all wet areas of the floor.
2. Ensure that all wet surfaces receive good air flow. Open interior doors to
maintain good air circulation. Doors may need to be braced to prevent
them from blowing shut.
Control the Humidity:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Using Turbo Dryers to speed the rate of evaporation in a building usually
causes the humidity to rise immediately. When this occurs, the air
movement becomes less effective and the rate of drying slows. It is vital
that Turbo Dryers be used with adequate dehumidification. Keep indoor
humidity below 60% to help control mould growth.
Lower humidity (25-40% Rh) will speed the drying of dense materials
such as lumber.
To improve drying, close off the area being dried from the rest of the
structure. Regulate the heating at (20- 27degrees C).
When dehumidifiers are not available, run exhaust fans in the attic,
kitchen and bathroom to remove some humidity.
Check if Materials are Dry:
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
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1.
Monitor the moisture conditions of wet materials with moisture meters. To
check how completely materials have dried out, compare your readings to
readings you take on similar materials you know are dry.
Cooling & Ventilation
1.
Over-heated rooms can be cooled with high volume air flow from a Turbo
Dryer. Place the air mover on the floor or other flat surface and direct the
air from cooler areas or the outdoors.
Portable Air Scrubbers
REQUIREMENTS FOR SAFE OPERATION:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
ONLY trained personnel shall be authorized to operate the unit at any
time.
Anyone operating the Portable Air Scrubber shall wear the appropriate
personal protective equipment and follow Alberta Fire and Flood Ltd. safe
work practices in accordance with acts and regulations by the governing
bodies having jurisdiction.
Check the condition of power cord (s) before using them.
Power cords should never be exposed to water, heat, sharp or abrasive
objects; in addition, they should never be kinked or crushed.
Never pull the unit by the cord.
Avoid running over the power cords with utility equipment and vehicles.
Caution: As with any piece of electrical equipment, always make sure the unit is
turned “OFF” prior to connecting the power cord to an electrical outlet or
disconnecting from an electrical outlet. Failure to do so will cause “arcing” and
could result in personal injury, fire hazards or damage to the machine.
Warning: The PRED1200 is equipped with an automatic restart motorized
impeller that will start without warning after a temporary power outage or
recovery from thermal overload (overheating) condition. Keep clear of the
motorized impeller at all times to reduce the risk of injury.
Warning: These units are not “intrinsically safe” for use in hazardous
environments.
Before operating the unit, note the following:
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1.
2.
3.
4.
Inspect and tighten any HEPA filter retaining nuts that may have loosened
during transportation. Inspect the filters for any material or structural
damage prior to use and replace any damaged filters before operating the
unit. Be sure to replace the filters with the airflow indicators pointed in the
right direction.
A with any air filtration system, external air flow losses not attributable to
the air filtration unit will reduce the airflow of the system. The following
recommendations can minimize airflow losses created by external static
resistance.
a. Always use the right length of ducting possible with the fewest
number of turns and bends.
b. Rigid metal ducting creates less turbulence and consequently less
airflow losses than flexible ducting.
c. If flexible ducting is used, it must be kept as taut as possible to avoid
flattening.
To start the unit, plug the power cord into 120 volt, 15 amp supply circuit.
The power indicator will illuminate, indicating that the unit is connected to
a power supply.
Select the desired speed setting and press the corresponding Speed Control
button.
FILTER CHANGE INDICATORS
1.
2.
“Change Pre-filter” light “ON” indicates one or more of the following:
a.
Loaded Pre-filters (refer to filter change procedures)
b.
Restrictions on air intake. Refer to trouble shooting guide.
“Change HEPA” light “ON” indicates the following:
a. Loaded HEPA filter. Refer to filter change procedures.
b. Excessive restrictions on air exhaust. Refer to trouble shooting guide.
FILTER REPLACEMENT
Alberta Fire and Flood Ltd. safe work policy requires that personnel responsible for
changing filters, servicing units or relocating units wear the proper personal
protective equipment in accordance with the authorities having jurisdiction,
governing the federal or provincial acts and regulations.
NOTE: Filters being replaced must be disposed of in accordance to local, provincial
and federal regulations.
NOTE: Filters are not reusable, therefore, DO NOT ATTEMPT TO CLEAN AND
REUSE THEM.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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Employee Health and Safety Manual
To change the First Stage Filter:
1.
2.
3.
4.
With the unit operating, turn the latch on pre-filter access door
counterclockwise, and open the door
Remove first stage filter and replace with new one.
Close door and latch. Make sure the door is flush against the cabinet
before closing latch.
If the “Change Pre-filter” light remains “ON” after changing the first stage
filter, the second stage filter should be replaced.
To change the Second Stage Filter:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Open the pre-filter access door.
Remove the second stage filter and replace with new one.
Close the door and lock it in position.
If the “Change Pre-filter” light remains “ON” after changing the second
stage filter, the optional third stage filter should be changed. The light
would remain “ON” only if the third filter is in use and has become
loaded.
To change the optional Third Stage Filter:
1. Open the pre-filter access door.
2. Remove the third stage filter and replace with a new one.
3. Close the door in the lock position.
NOTE: If an optional Vapor-Lock filter is being used, be sure to remove it from its
poly bag before installing it in the unit. Vapor-Lock filters are packaged in poly bags
to preserve the integrity of the carbon granules.
To change the HEPA Filter:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press the large red button on the control panel to turn the unit “OFF”, and
disconnect the unit’s power cord from the electrical outlet.
Remove the screws that hold the HEPA filter access panel in place and set
panel aside.
Remove the wing nuts that secure the HEPA filter retaining bracket in
place, slide the bracket off the long filter retaining bolts and remove the
HEPA filter.
Carefully place a new HEPA filter into the cabinet, making sure that it
rests on the curved section of the cabinet base, which is just behind the
long, retainer bolt. The foam seal should be aligned with the exhaust
outlet.
Replace all components in original location.
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H.E.P.A. System
SET-UP
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Only use a three prong plug to supply power to the Phoenix Guardian
H.E.P.A. system.
Use a power circuit dedicated only for the H.E.P.A. unit.
If an extension cord is required, it must have a minimum of 12 gauge
conductors if 25 feet long or less and 10 gauge conductors if greater than
25 feet long.
The unit must be operated with all three filters and the top in place.
The unit is designed to be used INDOORS ONLY.
AIR DUCTING
1.
Inlet Ducting
a. Occasionally the area to be filtered is difficult to access and/or the
unit cannot be located in the area. In such cases, the air can be ducted
to the unit’s inlet.
b. A round 18” diameter flex duct can be attached to the unit inlet on
top. It connects by hooking the spiral wire of the flex duct under the
four outside tabs inside the perimeter of the inlet opening.
2.
Outlet Ducting
a. Three rectangular wire-form collars are supplied that will allow
round lay-flat plastics to be attached to the Phoenix Guardian outlet.
Negative Air Ducting
a. The Phoenix Guardian can be used to filter and exhaust air from a
space. By exhausting to outside the space, the space will be under a
slight negative pressure.
b. Exhausting too much air from a space with open combustion devices
(e.g. furnace, fireplace or water heater) can cause those devices to
back-draft.
3.
PHOENIX GUARDIAN H.E.P.A. System
SET UP
1. The Phoenix Guardian is designed for INDOOR USE ONLY.
ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS
1.
The Phoenix Guardian must be grounded with a three prong plug-in,
plugged into a grounded 15 amp circuit.
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Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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2.
Power extension cords of less than 25 feet in length must be of 12 gauge
conductors. Power extension cords greater than 25 feet in length must be
of 10 gauge conductors.
MAINTENANCE
AIR FILTERS
1.
2.
The filters must be checked regularly. Operating the unit with dirty filters
will reduce the airflow and current draw, but will do no harm to the unit.
There are three types of filters:
a. Polyester media pad pre-filter. The white side faces up
b. 25 – 30% efficient (per ASHRAE 52.1-1991) pleated fabric filter.
c. 99.97% DOP efficient HEPA filter.
Activated Carbon/Potassium Permanganate Filters
There are two optional gas phase filters, a disposable and a refillable. Each uses a
blend of activated carbon and potassium permanganate. The carbon removes the
heavier volatile organic compounds and the potassium permanganate removes the
lower molecular weight contaminants.
The life of the media depends on the hours used and the contamination levels.
The advantage of blended media versus activated carbon only is that part of the
blend changes colour as it loads up with contaminants. It starts out black, then turns
pink, then brown and finally white.
When these filters are installed, the pad filter does not have to be installed above
them. This allows the operator to check the media colour through the top of the grill
without removing the top.
These filters are the same size as the pleated fabric filter. They are installed above
the pleated fabric filter. The pleated fabric filter catches the carbon dust before it
reaches the HEPA filter.
The disposable filter contains 7 ½ pounds of active media.
CHECKING AIRFLOW
An inclined tube manometer attached to the unit, measures the negative static
pressure between the lower inlet and the HEPA filter outlet.
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To check airflow:
1. Remove any inlet or outlet ducting, but leave all the top filters in place.
2. Turn the unit on to high speed for at least 15 minutes. Read the number
values at the center of both tubes.
3. Subtract the lower tube number from the upper tube number. Match this
difference to the chart on the manometer label to establish the percentage
of clean air flow.
If the operator determines the filters should be changed due to airflow, it is most
economical to change them in the following order:
1.
2.
3.
Change the pad pre-filter (top) first. Recheck the airflow. If it is
acceptable, no other filters need to be changed.
Change the pleated fabric filter (middle) second. Recheck the airflow. If
acceptable, the HEPA filter does not need changing.
If the airflow is too low, the HEPA filter must be changed.
Hydroxyl Machine
Operating Instructions
1.
2.
DO read all instructions before using the appliance.
DO plug the appliance directly into a 120 V AC electrical outlet in order
to avoid fire or a shock hazard.
3. DO remove the plastic covering before using the appliance.
4. DO keep the cord out of heavy traffic areas. To avoid fire hazard, never
put the cord under rugs, near heat registers, radiators, stoves or heaters.
5. DO NOT immerse in water or other liquids.
6. DO NOT use near water.
7. DO NOT drop or insert any object into any openings.
8. DO NOT use an extension cord as doing so can create potential safety
hazards.
9. DO NOT operate any appliance with a damaged cord or plug. If motor fan
fails to rotate, after the appliance malfunctions or it has been dropped or
damaged in any manner. Return appliance to manufacturer or authorized
repair facility for examination, electrical or mechanical adjustment or
repair.
10. DO use the appliance for the intended use as described in the owner’s
manual.
11. DO not use outdoors.
12. DO NOT block air openings, grills/outlets or place on a soft surface.
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13. DO keep unit away from heated surfaces and open flames.
14. DO NOT attempt to repair or adjust any electrical or mechanical
functions.
15. DO NOT place anything on top of unit.
16. DO NOT plug the cord in with wet hands: electric shock could result.
17. DO plug the unit’s three prong plug into a grounded outlet.
18. DO Not under any circumstances cut or remove the third (ground) prong
from power cord.
Dehumidifiers
GENERAL
The Dri-Eaz refrigerant humidifiers operate by pulling moist air in across a very
cold evaporator core. The moisture condenses (freezes) on the coil. At intervals, the
machine will go into defrost mode, warming the frost back to water. The water
collects in a tray and leaves the unit through a drain hose or pump.
SET UP
Always use a grounded three prong plug to supply power to the unit. Do not use an
adaptor.
Do not operate the dehumidifier if the temperature is above 32 degrees C. Over
dried materials (especially wood products) may crack, shrivel or discolour.
Dehumidifiers that have been transported to a jobsite must be set upright for at least
30 minutes before you turn it on.
Uncoil and straighten the entire drain hose. Do not leave any portion of the hose
coiled on the unit.
USE and OPERATION
1.
2.
3.
4.
Always use a grounded three prong plug-in. Do not use any adapters.
You should operate dehumidifiers in an enclosed area, as this creates a
drying chamber. Close all doors, windows or areas that open to the outside
to maximize the units’ water removal efficiency. Keep traffic through the
drying chamber to a minimum.
Place the dehumidifier in the middle of the room away from walls and
contents.
Keep the dehumidifier away from anything that could prevent airflow into
and out of the unit.
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MANAGING TEMPERATURE RISE
1.
2.
Optimal drying temperatures range from 20- 29 degrees Celsius.
If the temperature rises to unsafe levels (over 32 degrees C) you can use
the structures HVAC (air conditioning) system to bring the temperature
down. Just set it to 27 degrees C and continue to operate the dehumidifier.
PURGING
1.
2.
3.
During normal operation, the pump purges automatically every six
minutes, or whenever the unit is full.
To purge the pump manually turn the power off using the OFF key, and let
the unit sit for about 10 minutes. This allows water to drip from the coils.
Press PURGE to remove residual water.
MAINTENANCE
1.
2.
Inspect the electrical cord for damage, checking for fraying cuts, etc.
Inspect the filter. Look for accumulated dust and dirt that would restrict
airflow through the filter into the unit. If any is visible, vacuum out the
debris. Do not wash the filter, as this will reduce the effectiveness of the
electrostatic material.
MONTHLY MAINTENANCE
1.
2.
3.
4.
Check coils, and clean when visibly dirty.
Check catch basin tray, and clean when dirt and debris are present.
Check the drain hose.
Inspect the filter cover.
Portable Pressure Washer
High pressure spray can cause serious injury. ONLY personnel that have been
instructed in the safe use of this machine shall operate the machine. Observe all
warnings when you operate, maintain or repair the pressure washer.
Use this equipment in well ventilated areas and free of combustible materials,
combustible fumes or dust.
To prevent injury wear the following personal protective equipment:
1. Gloves ( Leather or gauntlet)
2. Hard Hat
3. Mask
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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Employee Health and Safety Manual
4.
5.
6.
Work boots ( CSA approved leather boots or rubber boots)
Ear Plugs
Safety Goggles (Vented and Chemical resistant)
INJECTION HAZARD
Fluids under high pressure from spray or leaks can penetrate the skin and cause
extremely serious injury, including death or the need for amputation. You must
observe these precautions:
1. NEVER point a spray gun at people, animals or plants.
2. NEVER put your hands or fingers over the spray tip.
3. NEVER try to stop or deflect leaks with your hands or body.
4. NEVER purchase or use chemicals that are toxic, flammable or high
in acidic/alkaline base and always request a material safety data sheet
(MSDS) for the product you are purchasing.
5. NEVER use a powder type detergent or chemical that is not
manufactured for pressure washer use.
GENERAL WARNINGS
Get emergency medical help immediately if any fluid seems to penetrate
your skin, even if the wound does not appear serious. Tell the attending
physician exactly what fluid was injected and give him the (MSDS) for the
detergent or chemical being used.
1.
Be sure that all system components and accessory items are original
equipment or equivalent.
2. Be sure the equipment is properly located for safe operation.
3. NEVER alter or modify the pressure washer and void any
manufactures’ warranty.
4. NEVER locate the equipment near combustible materials,
combustible fumes or dust.
5. NEVER spray flammable liquids or toxic chemicals (such as
insecticide or weed killer).
6. NEVER allow untrained personnel to operate the machine.
7. NEVER wear loose clothing and keep your body and clothing clear
of moving parts when the machine is operating.
8. NEVER leave the pressure washer unattended, if you must leave
follow the complete shut- down procedures to prevent unauthorized
or untrained personnel from operating the machine.
9. NEVER move the machine by pulling the hose.
10. NEVER activate the gun without a nozzle in the wand.
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11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
NEVER put a type of trigger lock onto the gun.
NEVER place hands on motor or pump when the unit is running.
NEVER allow children or animals around your working area.
ALWAYS face the nozzle and wand to the ground when testing.
NEVER exceed pressure rating of the unit’s recommended pressure.
NEVER change quick couple nozzles with the nozzle under pressure
and without the gun safety in the “on” or “lock” position.
17. NEVER clean the machine by using its own spray wand.
18. NEVER run the machine without water
LOCATION WARNINGS
Alberta Fire and Flood Ltd. require all personnel using the pressure washer to be
trained and competent in the use of this equipment.
The pressure washer should be located as close s possible to the water supply and be
on a solid, stable, level surface.
Locate the machine:
1. In a well ventilated area and away from flammable materials or fumes.
2. So the operator has easy access to the controls.
3. So that the machine is protected from external damage.
4. So the hose does not cross traffic areas to prevent damage and extensive
hose wear.
GAS ENGINE PRECAUTIONS
A fire or explosion can occur resulting in personal injury. Alberta Fire and Flood
Ltd. requires the operator to follow these procedures:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
DO NOT fill gasoline tank while engine is running.
DO NOT operate the engine when an odour of gasoline is present, or
other explosive conditions exist.
If gasoline is spilled, move the machine away from the spill area and
avoid creating an ignition source until the gasoline has evaporated.
DO NOT store, spill or use gasoline near an open flame or any devises
which may create a spark.
REFUEL OUTDOORS preferably or in well ventilated areas with
unleaded gas only
DO NOT operate engine without a muffler.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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Alberta Fire and Flood
Employee Health and Safety Manual
7.
DO NOT operate engine without air cleaner or cover directly over the
carburetor if the air intake is removed
8.
DO NOT tamper with engine speed selected by the original equipment
manufacturer.
READ THE ENGINE OWNERS/OPERATORS MANUAL BEFORE
USING OR ATTEMPTING TO SERVICE THE MACHINE.
9.
Pressure Washer Equipment
Alberta Fire and Flood Ltd. require all personnel operating the pressure
washing equipment to follow these procedures:
START UP PROCEEDURE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Check engine oil levels.
Check fuel tank and fill if necessary with unleaded gas only.
Attach high pressure hose to outlet M22 Quick-Connect fitting on
frame.
Attach garden hose to inlet connector and turn water on.
Pull trigger on gun to purge system of air until steady stream of water
comes out of the nozzle.
Slide throttle control left to FAST position.
Push primer bulb 3 times.
While holding gun trigger open with one hand, pull starter cord on
engine.
SHUT DOWN PROCEEDURE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Turn ON/OFF switch to “OFF”.
Turn off water source.
Pull trigger to release water pressure from system.
Disconnect garden hose from attachment on pump.
Disconnect high pressure hose from quick connection on pump
outlet.
Electric Stapler
Notice: Never point the stapler at another person or towards anything you
do not want to staple. Severe bodily injury can occur. Always have the
stapler head securely seated on objects to be stapled before pulling the
trigger. Unplug when not in use.
1.
2.
Use only 20 gauge 3/16” crown staples.
Check power source to be sure the power supply is of the same
voltage as specified on the stapler tool.
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Employee Health and Safety Manual
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Ensure the ground plug is in place to avoid electric shocks.
DO NOT use tool on hard surfaces; i.e. Concrete or rock.
Take special precautions when using tool on thin material.
During operation the tool head may become warm. However if the
tool head begins to feel hot, slow down the tacking speed. If the unit
continues to be hot, discontinue use until it cools.
DO NOT drive fasteners too close to the edge of the work materials.
Alberta Fire and Flood Ltd. safe work policy forbids any horseplay with the electric
staple gun. Any disregard of this policy will be deemed as just cause for immediate
dismissal.
LOADING STAPLES
1.
2.
3.
4.
Disconnect power supply
Depress the magazine latch. Pull back on the magazine cover.
Insert a strip of fasteners into the magazine. Make sure the staple’s crown
is resting on the magazine.
Push the magazine forward until the latch catches.
MAINTENANCE & INSPECTION
1.
Clearing Fastener Jams inside the Magazine
a. Disconnect power supply.
b. Press down latch and pull back on the magazine.
c. Remove jammed fasteners using needle nose or standard pliers.
d. Reinsert staples in magazine.
e. Push the magazine cover forward until the latch catches
f. Reconnect power supply.
2.
Clearing Fastener Jammed in the Discharge Area
a. Disconnect the power supply.
b. Remove jammed fasteners using needle nose or regular pliers.
c. If fastener cannot be reached from the discharge area, refer to
“Clearing Fastener Jams inside the Magazine” above.
d. Reinsert staples in magazine.
e. Push the magazine cover forward until the latch catches.
f. Reconnect the power supply.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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Alberta Fire and Flood
Employee Health and Safety Manual
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
1.
2.
3.
4.
Keep all screws tight. Loose screws could result in unsafe operations and
breakage of parts.
Occasionally wipe the inside of the magazine and the “nose” with light oil.
Make sure dirt and debris is removed from the trigger area magazine and
the staple “chute”.
Wipe tool clean daily and inspect for wear. Use non-flammable cleaning
solutions only if necessary.
Keep fastener discharge area clean at all times. Any residues could cause
jamming.
CTV Wet/Dry Vac
To reduce the risk of fire, electric shock, or injury:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Do not leave machine when plugged in. Unplug the unit when not in use
and before servicing.
To reduce the risk of electric shock use indoors only.
Use only as described in the manual. Use only manufacture’s
recommended attachments.
Do not use with damaged cord or plug. If machine is not working to full
potential return it to a service center.
Do not unplug by pulling on cord, use the cord as a handle, close a door on
the cord, or pull cord around sharp edges or corners.
Do not unplug by pulling on the cord. To unplug, grasp the plug, not the
cord.
Do not handle plug or machine with wet hands.
Do not put any object into openings.
Keep hair, loose clothing, fingers and all parts of the body away from
opening and moving parts.
The following materials must not be picked up with the machine:
a. Hot materials (hot ashes, glowing cigarettes)
b. Flammable, explosive or aggressive fluids(Gasoline, solvents, acids,
alkalines)
c. Inflammable, explosive dusts (magnesium or aluminum dust)
Do not use without dust bag and/or filters in place.
Turn off all controls before unplugging.
Connect to properly grounded outlet.
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This machine has a float shut-off. When the water raises the float, the air stops
moving through the machine and the machine shuts off.
There are no user serviceable parts. All repairs must be done by authorized
personnel only.
Changing Bag Type Filter
1.
2.
3.
Pull the bag-type filter off the inlet fitting.
Dispose of the used bag-type filter in accordance with local waste disposal
regulations.
Place a new bag-type filter into the tank as described in the instructions
printed on the filter.
Replacing Filter Element
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Switch the machine off and remove plug from power circuit.
Remove the machine top section from the dirt tank and place to one side
with the filter facing upwards.
Remove the outside strainer filter bag.
Unscrew the filter retaining nut and remove.
Pull off the filter element and replace with new filter element.
Fit the filter retaining washer and tighten retaining nut.
Dispose of used filter in accordance with the local waste disposal
regulations.
OASIS – Plus Ozone Machine
Ozone is a powerful oxidizer and must be used with extreme care. Ozone
attacks organic matter. Limited exposure can cause irritation to eyes,
throat, and nose and may cause nausea. DO NOT re-inhabit a treated
area until it has been well ventilated.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
USE IN UNINHABITED AREAS ONLY.
To avoid electric shock, do not expose to rain or snow.
Only use the manufacture’s recommended attachments.
Do not use with damaged cord or plug. If machine is not working as it
should, or damaged, return it to an authorized service center for repair.
Do not pull by the cord, use the cord as a handle, close the door on a cord,
or pull the cord around sharp edges or corners. To unplug, grasp the plug,
not the cord.
Do not handle the plug, the cord or the machine with wet hands.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
52
Alberta Fire and Flood
Employee Health and Safety Manual
7.
8.
9.
Extension cords must be 12/3 and no longer than 50 feet. Replace the cord
immediately if the ground prong becomes damaged.
Do not put any objects into openings. Do not use with any opening
blocked; keep free of dust, lint, hair and anything that may reduce airflow.
Connect to properly grounded outlet only.
NOTE: OZONE IS A TOXIC GAS, FOLLOW ALL SAFETY
PRECAUTIONS.
OPERATION:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Make sure all people, pets and plants are out of the area. Close all
windows and doors.
Make sure the filter in front of the cooling fan is installed and is clean.
Place Oasis-plus unit on shelf or table top as high as possible in the area to
be treated.
Plug the power cord into a grounded, 3 prong outlet.
Set the timer to the desired length of time. The maximum time setting is
29:59 hours. After reaching the maximum time, the timer will wrap back
to 0:00.
Select the desired power level. 25%, 50%, 75%, 100%. The Oasis-Plus
always defaults to 100% initially. When the output level is set to 100%,
the machine makes ozone continuously until the timer runs out or the OFF
button is pressed. At other power level settings, the machine will produce
ozone for the fraction of a minute the level is set at.
Turn the unit on by pressing the ON button. LEAVE THE AREA.
When returning to area where the ozone machine has been running and the
elapsed time has shut the machine off, ALWAYS use proper personal
protective equipment before entering to retrieve the ozone machine.
When treatment is complete, unplug the ozone machine and ventilate the
area completely until the smell of ozone is gone. DO NOT allow people,
pets or plants back in the area until all smell of ozone is dissipated.
Ozone Rooms
Before entering ozone rooms to remove or place items in, ensure that the GREEN
light above or beside the doors is on. If the GREEN light is on it is safe to enter and
the ozone has been removed. If there are no lights on then the room is inactive. DO
NOT ENTER if the RED light is on, this means that there are harmful amounts of
ozone still left in the room.
If you need to access the room and the RED light is on you must turn the ozonaters
off with the switch by the door and turn on the fan (switch by the door) to vent out
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Employee Health and Safety Manual
the ozone, the GREEN light will come on as soon as you start the fan, you must at
least wait 20 or more minutes before entering, turn off the fan. Because of the
suction created by the fan the door will not open. If you can still smell the ozone,
then the room may need more venting, close the door and turn on the fan and wait a
few more minutes.
OZONATORS
This equipment uses ultraviolet light to create ozone, and should never be looked at
with the naked eye, severe eye damage will occur as a result. Employees shall not
enter the ozone room while functioning; doing so can cause damage to the lungs,
eyes, irritate the skin and worsen respiratory illness.
PPE Requirements
There are no special PPE for the ozone rooms at Alberta Fire and Flood Ltd. There
is no need for more than a brief exposure to residual ozone.
First Aid Measures
If first aid is required, the steps are as follows:
1.
Minor
a.
For minor eye irritation flush eye with water for 15 minutes, send to
eye doctor for follow up. If skin irritation occurs then wash the skin
with mild soap and run under water for 15 minutes and monitor.
2.
MAJOR ( semi or unconscious)
a.
Call 911
b. Get person to fresh air, monitor for breathing
c.
If breathing, place in recovery position and monitor closely
d. If not breathing, give artificial respiration (AR) or oxygen (if trained)
e.
If person starts to breathe on thier own, place in recovery position
and monitor closely.
Compressed Air
Air powered tools range from stapling guns to jack hammers. If not treated with
respect, these tools can become a powerful enemy rather than a servant.
1.
2.
Compressed air must not be used to blow debris or clear dirt from any
workers clothes.
Ensure that the air pressure has been turned off and the line pressure
relieved before disconnecting the hose or changing tools.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
54
Alberta Fire and Flood
Employee Health and Safety Manual
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
All hose connectors must be of a quick disconnect pressure release type
with a “SAFETY CHAIN / CABLE”.
Wear personal protective equipment such as eye protection and face
shields, and insure other workers in the area are made aware of or have
restricted access to the hazard area.
Hoses must be checked on a regular basis for cuts, bulges or other
damage. Ensure that defective hoses are repaired or replaced before
turning on air pressure.
A proper pressure regulator and relief device must be in the system to
ensure the correct desired pressures are maintained.
The correct supply hoses must be used for the tool / equipment being used.
The equipment must be properly maintained according to the
manufacturers’ requirements.
Bench Grinder
Severe injury may occur if proper protective equipment is not used and properly
maintained.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Check the tool rest for the correct distance from the abrasive wheel,
maximum 1/8” or 3 mm.
Replace grindstone when adjustment of the rest cannot provide 1/8” or
3mm.
If the wheel has been abused and ground to an angle or grooved, reface the
wheel with the appropriate surfacing tool.
Protect your eyes with goggles or a face shield at all times when grinding.
Each time a grinding wheel is mounted: the maximum approved speed
stamped on the bladder should be checked against the shaft rotation speed
of the machine to ensure the safe peripheral speed in not exceeded. A
grinding wheel must not be operated at peripheral speed exceeding the
manufacturer’s recommendation.
The flanges supporting the grinding wheel should be a maximum of 1/3”
the diameter of the wheel, and must fit the shaft rotating speed according
to the manufacturer’s recommendation.
Bench grinders are designed for peripheral grinding. Do not grind in the
side of the wheel.
Do not stand directly in front of the grinding wheel when it is first started.
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Employee Health and Safety Manual
Grinding Machines
DISKS AND WHEELS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Use only the exposed flat side of an abrasive disk for grinding. It is
mounted on the machine faceplate of a grinding machine.
Use only the periphery or circumference of an abrasive wheel for grinding.
It is mounted either directly or with adapters, on the spindle or arbor of a
grinding machine.
Do not operate machines unless a safety guard is in place. The safety
guard’s main function is to retain the pieces of the disk or wheel if it
should break in operation.
To avoid breaking wheels ensure the work does not become wedged
between the work rest and the wheel.
Use a work rest and locate it not more than 3 mm from the wheel.
Wear a face shield over safety glasses for protection against heavy
particles.
Never adjust the work rest while the wheel is in motion as the rest may
slip and strike the wheel and break it or a finger could get caught between
the wheel and the rest.
Use the work rest to support and guide dressing tool. Use a hand stone to
round off the wheel edges before and after dressing, to prevent the edges
from chipping.
Portable Grinders
Abrasive wheels can cause severe injury. Proper storage of new wheels, proper use
of wheels and proper maintenance of wheels must be observed.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Familiarize yourself with the grinder operation before commencing work.
Ensure proper guards are in place and that safety glasses, face shields,
gloves and safety boots are worn when using portable grinders.
Never exceed the maximum wheel speed (every wheel is marked). Check
the speed marked on the wheel and compare it to the speed on the
grinder.
When mounting the wheels, check them for cracks and defects, ensure
that the mounting flanges are clean and the mounting blotters are used.
Do not over tighten the mounting nut.
Before grinding, run the newly mounted wheels at operating speed to
check for vibrations.
Do not use grinders near flammable materials.
Never use the grinder for jobs for which it is not designed, such as
cutting.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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Employee Health and Safety Manual
CAUTION: EYE PROTECTION REQUIRED
Portable Grinding Machines
DISKS AND WHEELS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Use only the exposed flat side of an abrasive disk for grinding. It is
mounted on the machine faceplate of a grinding machine.
Use only the periphery or circumference of an abrasive wheel for
grinding. It is mounted either directly or with adapters, on the spindle
or arbor of a grinding machine.
Do not operate machines unless a safety guard is in place. The safety
guard’s main function is to retain the pieces of the disk or wheel if it
should break in operation.
To avoid breaking wheels ensure the work does not become wedged
between the work rest and the wheel.
Use a work rest and locate it not more than 3 mm from the wheel.
Wear a face shield over safety glasses for protection against heavy
particles.
Never adjust the work rest while the wheel is in motion as the rest
may slip and strike the wheel and break it or a finger could get caught
between the wheel and the rest.
Use the work rest to support and guide dressing tool. Use a hand
stone to round off the wheel edges before and after dressing, to
prevent the edges from chipping.
PORTABLE GRINDERS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Do not grind on the flat side of straight wheels or force wheels against the
work, this will damage a wheel even when properly mounted and
guarded.
Check grinder for excessive vibration before using.
Never clamp grinders in a vise before using.
Never use a liquid coolant while operating a portable grinder.
Never use a grinder without guard.
Stand away from the wheel when first starting the grinding machine,
especially if using portable equipment that has a high risk of damage
from handling.
Perform the ring test (when installing new flat grinding wheel on portable
grinder).
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57
Alberta Fire and Flood
Employee Health and Safety Manual
8.
Suspend the new disk from your finger by the centre hole before
installing on the grinder.
9. Tap the wheel gently with a non-metallic object about 45 degrees to
either side of the vertical axis about two inches from the outside edge.
10. Listen for a metallic ring; if no ring but a dead sound the disk is cracked.
If you get a ring perform the test about 45 degrees and repeat test.
11. Store grinding wheels in a dry room not subject to extreme temperature
changes.
Step Ladders
As with all ladders, make sure the step ladder is in good condition, and is the right
ladder for the job to get done.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Stepladders are to be used only on clean and even surfaces.
No work is done from the top two steps of a stepladder, counting the top
step as a rung.
When in an open position ready for use, the incline of the front step
section shall be one (1) horizontal to six (6) vertical.
The step ladder in only to be used in the opened position with the spreader
bars locked.
Do not overreach while on the ladder. Climb down and move the ladder to
a new position.
Only CSA standard ladders are to be used
If the ladder is damaged discard as soon as possible.
Extension Ladders
As with all ladders, make sure the extension ladder is in good condition, and is the
right ladder for the job to get done.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Extension ladders are to be used only on clean and even surfaces.
No work is done from the top two rungs of the extension ladder.
When working on roof tops, the top of the extension ladder shall extend a
minimum 3 rungs above the roof line.
Make sure the anti-slip control pads are good condition and in proper
position before ascending up the extension ladder.
Anchoring can per performed by a fellow employee standing at the base,
until the person ascending can tie off the ladder, to a stable anchor point.
To descend, have the first person descend, then anchor the ladder at the
base, while the person on top removes the tie down and then descends
downward.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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Alberta Fire and Flood
Employee Health and Safety Manual
7.
8.
9.
Do not overreach while on the ladder. Climb down and move the ladder to
a new position.
Only CSA standard ladders are to be used.
If the ladder is damaged discard as soon as possible.
Working on Roofs and Ladders
RESIDENTIAL ROOFING PROCEDURES
APPLICATION
1.
2.
3.
This part applies to residential construction projects where roofing
materials are applied or removed.
Despite subsection (1), this part does not apply if the fall height is less
than 3 meters.
Section 139 does not apply to residential construction projects if the slope
of the roof deck is 4 in 12 or less.
DAILY INSPECTION
1.
2.
3.
An employer must ensure that roof surfaces are inspected daily by a
competent worker for fall hazards and slipping hazards and the inspection
repeated during the day as often as necessary.
An employer must ensure that a hazard found during inspection is
eliminated or, if it cannot be eliminated, effective measures are taken to
have workers avoid it.
An employer must ensure that workers are aware of a hazard found during
an inspection that cannot be eliminated.
PLACEMENT OF MATERIALS
1.
2.
An employer must ensure that supplies and roofing materials stored on the
roof are located not less than 2 meters from the roof edge.
An employer must ensure that the weight of supplies and roofing materials
stored on the roof be uniformly distributed.
SECURING ROOF BRACKETS
An employer must ensure that roof brackets are securely attached to and bear a solid
surface.
SLIDE GUARD HEIGHT
An employer must ensure that a slide guard extends at least 150 millimeters above
the roof deck when measured perpendicularly to the roof deck.
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ROOF SLOPES
1.
2.
3.
4.
If a roof deck has a slope greater than 4 in 12 up to and including 6 in 12,
an employer must provide:
a. Slide guards that are installed
i. Continuously along the length of the eave, and
ii. Below the work area intervals of not more than 2.4 meters as
measured along the roof deck,
b. Guardrails or
c. A fall protection system
If a roof deck has a slope greater than 6 in 12, an employer must provide:
a. Guardrails or
b. A fall protection system
If a roof slope varies at different locations along a roof deck, subsections
(1) and (2) apply to each location individually
A worker must use the slide guards, guardrails or fall protection system
provided by the employer as required in subsection (1) and (2).
PORTABLE LADDER PROCEDURES
PROHIBITION
1. A worker must not perform work from either of the top 2 rungs, steps or
cleats of a portable ladder unless the manufacturer’s specifications allow
the worker to do so.
2. Despite subsection (1), a worker may work from either the top 2 rungs,
steps or treads of a step ladder if
a. The step- ladder has a railed platform at the top, or
b. The manufacturers’ specifications for the ladder permit it.
CONSTRUCTED PORTABLE LADDER
1.
An employer must ensure that a constructed portable ladder
a. Is constructed of lumber that is free of loose knots and knot holes,
b. With a length of 5 meters or less has side rails constructed of
lumber measuring not less than 38 millimeters by 89 millimeters,
c. More than 5 meters long has side rails constructed of lumber
measuring not less than 38 millimeters by 140 millimeters,
d. Has side rails that are not notched, dapped, tapered or spliced,
e. Has side rails at least 500 millimeters apart at the bottom and
f. Has rungs that are:
i. Constructed of lumber measuring not less than 21
millimeters by 89 millimeters
ii. Held by filler blocks or secured by a single continuous wire
and
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Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
60
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Employee Health and Safety Manual
2.
iii. Uniformly spaced at a center to center distance of 250
millimeters to 300 millimeters.
An employer must ensure that a 2-way constructed portable ladder that is
wide enough to permit traffic in both directions at the same time,
a. Has a center structural rail along the length of the ladder
b. Is at least 1 meter wide, and
c. Is constructed of materials that are substantial enough to
accommodate the maximum intended load.
MANUFACTURED PORTABLE LADDER
Employer must ensure that a portable ladder complies with:
1.
2.
3.
4.
CSA standard CAN3-Z11- M81 (R201), Portable Ladders
ANSI Standard A14.1-2000, American National standard for Ladders –
Wood – Safety Requirements
ANSI Standard A14.2-2000, American National Standard for LaddersPortable Ladders- Safety requirements or
ANSI Standard A14.5-2000, American National Standard for Ladders –
Portable Reinforced Plastic – Safety Requirements
SECURING AND POSITIONING
Workers must ensure that
1. A portable ladder is secured against movement and placed on a base that is
stable,
2. The base of an inclined portable ladder is no further from the base of the
wall or structure than of the height to where the ladder contacts the wall or
structure and
3. The side rails of a portable ladder extend at least 1 meter above a platform,
landing or parapet if the ladder is used as a means of access to the
platform, landing or parapet.
FALL PROTECTION
1.
2.
An employer must ensure that the worker working from a portable ladder
from which the worker may fall more 3 meters or more uses a personal fall
arrest system.
Subsection (1) does not apply while the worker is moving up or down the
portable ladder.
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3.
Despite subsection (1), if it is not reasonably practical to use a fall arrest
system, a worker may work from a portable ladder with- out fall
protection if
a) The work is light duty task of short duration at each location
b) The worker’s center of balance is at the center of the ladder at
all times even with an arm extended beyond the side rails of the
ladder and
c) The worker generally has one hand available to hold on to the
ladder or other support.
Confined Space Entry
“Confined Space” is defined as any space having restricted egress.
Examples: Tanks, manholes, sewers. Roofs, excavations etc.
Secure the site by erecting signs, barricades and any other traffic control device
required to protect workers from traffic.
1. Ensure that all equipment necessary is at the site and ready for use;
a. Certified testing equipment
b. Certified 5 point body harness
c. Intrinsically safe communication device (if required)
d. Lifeline
e. Rescue equipment
2. Ensure that any atmospheric hazards present are identified and
controlled. Use ventilation techniques to remove any harmful
substances; where ventilation is not practical, a competent worker
must carry out tests until the work is completed.
3. If harmful substances are present or the air is deficient of oxygen,
ensure the worker is:
a. Competent
b. Protected by breathing apparatus (SCBA or SABA)
c. Attended by and in communication with another worker
d. Has properly donned protective rescue equipment
e. Physically capable of effecting a rescue
4. Check for any physical hazards in the work area where the work will
be carried out.
5. Ensure that all workers know what procedures to follow in case of an
emergency.
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CONFINED SPACE
Overview
The Health and Safety Hazards associated with confined space includes the
following:
x
Chemical hazards: gases, vapours, dust, solvents, fumes and mists;
x
Physical hazards: noise, temperature, air quality and illumination;
x
Biological hazards: fungus, moulds, and parasites;
x
Ergonomic hazards: awkward postures;
x
Machine hazards: moving machinery and equipment;
x
Energy hazards: electricity, heat, gravity and kinetic;
x
Confined space hazards: restricted entry/exit and hazardous atmosphere;
x
Work practice hazards: following safe work practices and procedures.
Safe Work Practices
x
Only workers who have completed a confined space entry program are
permitted to work in a confine space.
x
A confined space should be considered hazardous unless determined
otherwise by a comprehensive hazard assessment.
x
Workers who have to work in confined spaces must be advised of the
existence of and dangers posed by confined spaces.
x
Workers are not permitted to enter or remain in a confined space that
contains or is likely to contain an explosive or flammable gas or vapour.
x
Do not enter a confined space if a new hazard is present that was not
identified by the initial hazard assessment.
x
Do not create an obstruction by storing materials near or adjacent to a
confined space/egress.
Common Sewer Hazards
HYYDROGEN SULPHIDE H2S
This gas is commonly found in sewers, cisterns, oil tanks etc., which can be created
by decomposition of organic matter. The putrid rotten egg smell is associated with
concentrations as low as 1 ppm. At higher concentrations the odour may not be
detected since the gas affects the sense of smell. Unconsciousness will result in a
few seconds if the concentration level exceeds 700 ppm. If the victim is not
immediately removed to fresh air, death will follow quickly.
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Use extreme caution when working in these environments.
CARBON MONOXIDE
This gas is colourless, odourless and deadly. Overexposure may result in a worker
experiencing ringing in the ears, nausea, headaches and sleepiness.
ENTERING TANKS OR MANHOLES
Entering a confined space can be extremely hazardous. The following hazards are
commonly encountered and must be considered for confined space entry:
1. Toxic vapours
2. Fumes
3. Flammable liquids and gases
4. Explosions
5. Lack of or excess oxygen
6. Electricity including static corrosive or hazardous chemicals.
7. Physical hazards
8.
Noise, Dust, excessive heat and cold
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
Where the atmosphere in a confined space cannot be guaranteed to be suitable for
workers, breathing apparatus must be used as directed.
Workers required to don breathing apparatus must be trained and
competent.
Workers must also wear industry standard work wear and personal protective
equipment. It must not however be a substitute for proper cleaning and job
preparation. Safety harnesses and lifelines must be of the type approved by the O.H.
& S. Regulations.
TRAINING
A supervisor who is thoroughly familiar with the hazards that may be encountered
including accident prevention requirements, must direct the work. First aid and
rescue measures must be implemented.
Before entry the supervisor must inform all workers connected with or working in
the confined space of the following hazards they may encounter, precautionary
measures required and rescue methods needed in an emergency. All workers
involved with confined space work must be thoroughly trained in the use of
respiratory equipment and other safety equipment pertaining to the job.
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SAFE PROCEDURE FOR ENTERING CONFINED SPACES:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Supervisor’s approval and presence is to be obtained prior to entry.
Equipment to be assembled and checked by supervisor and individual
operator.
Supervisor to brief personnel on the operation procedure and each
person’s responsibility.
Safety line to be tended by experienced and trained person.
Training to include emergency rescue procedure.
Put on harness and check the buckles, lanyards and safety lines. Tether the
safety line by making two wraps around FIXED object outside confined
space area.
Safety line to be tended and kept snug at all times while person is in the
confined space.
All tools will be lowered and removed using a basket and hand line.
Personal Protective Equipment will be worn at all times.
Lockout / Tag out
Whether oiling, greasing, doing confined space entry or doing maintenance on
company equipment the following procedure must be followed by the operator
and / or the worker.
1. Shut off equipment
2. Turn off electrical supply to the equipment being worked on.
3. Attach personal “LOCK OUT” lock to the electrical panel switch.
4. Return to the equipment locked out and attempt to start the equipment, if it
does not start, proceed to service equipment.
5. If more than one person is working on the same piece of equipment, all
persons must “LOCK OUT”.
6. In the event two locks will not fit on the electrical panel shut off switch,
then one person must use an “OUT OF SERVICE” tag.
7. All keys must be turned into your supervisor before going home after your
work shift.
DO NOT REMOVE ANOTHER PERSONS’ LOCK OUT TAG
After all locks or tags have been removed, the operator may start equipment.
NOTE: Should an employee go home and leave their lock or tag attached after
completion of service, they could be called back to work to remove it.
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In extreme cases, vacation, sickness, etc., the supervisor may remove the lock or tag
after he /she has made a careful inspection of the equipment.
Manual Lifting
The most common injury sustained by workers is back injury. This is caused by
improper lifting practices. Whenever possible use equipment to lift and move
objects.
OPERATION
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Size up the load, if you think you need help, ask for it.
Get good footing.
Bend your knees; get a good grip on the object to be lifted.
Keep your back straight, lift with your legs, and keep the object being
lifted close to your body.
Keep your balance and do not twist or turn as you lift.
To put object back down again, do not bend at the waist. Keep your back
straight and bend your knees, keep the object close to your body until it is
placed in a secure position.
EVALUATING THE LOAD
Determine the weight of the object or load before a lift to make sure that lifting
equipment can operate within its capabilities.
BALANCE LOADS
Estimate the center of gravity or point of balance. The lifting device should be
positioned immediately above the estimated center of gravity.
LANDING THE LOAD
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Prepare a place to land the load, lower the load gently and make sure it is
stable before slackening the sling or chain.
Select only alloy chain slings and NEVER exceed the working limits.
Make sure the hoist or crane is positioned directly over the load.
Use slings of proper reach. Never shorten a line by twisting or knotting.
Never use bolts or nuts with chain slings.
Never permit anyone to ride the lifting hook or the load.
Make sure all personnel stand clear from the load being lifted.
Never work under a suspended load, unless the load is properly supported.
Never leave a load suspended when the hoist or crane is unattended.
Inspect all slings thoroughly at specific intervals and maintain them in good
condition.
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10. Inspect each chain or slings for cuts, nicks, bent links, bent hooks, etc.,
before each use. If in doubt, do not use it.
11. Ensure the safety latches on hooks are in good working condition.
12. Make sure a tagline is used to control the load.
Batteries
1.
2.
3.
Battery charging room must be clear of all flammable liquids and all
sources of ignition.
Splash proof goggles; rubber apron and rubber gloves must be worn when
handling batteries and battery acid.
An eye wash station and fire extinguisher must be available within or just
outside the door of the charging room.
USE OF JUMPER CABLES
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
When using jumper cables on a disabled battery there is always danger of
a hydrogen gas explosion.
Connect one cable to the positive post of each battery.
Connect one end of the other cable to the negative post of the booster
battery.
Connect the other end to a clean unpainted area of the disabled vehicle,
preferably on the side opposite the battery.
Make sure vehicles are not touching.
Turn off all battery operated accessories.
Make sure cables are properly attached to the battery posts, so they cannot
fall off and touch other parts of the engines.
Start the booster vehicle.
Start the disabled vehicle.
Boosting Equipment
OPERATION
1.
2.
3.
1. Before boosting check to see whether the boosting vehicle has the same
ground as the vehicle to be boosted and they are the same voltage.
If both negative ground connect the ends of one cable to the positive
terminal of each battery.
Connect one of the other cables to the negative terminal of the strong
battery and to the engine block of the other vehicle being started. “DO
NOT” connect the cable to the negative terminal of the weak battery. You
risk an explosion.
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4.
5.
6.
7.
If both vehicles are positively grounded connect the ends of one cable to
the negative terminals of each battery.
a. When boosting a positive vehicle with a negative grounded
vehicle the following procedures are to be followed
b. Never allow any part of one vehicle to touch the other.
Attach one end of the cable to the positive terminal of the negative
grounded vehicle; attach the other end to the engine block of the positively
grounded vehicle.
Attach one end of the other cable to the negative terminal of the vehicle.
Disconnect by reversing the above procedure.
Battery Chargers
When connecting to a battery, if the battery charger does not have an on / off
switch, unplug the charger prior to connecting. Current flowing in the circuit
can cause sparks and arching, resulting in undesirable pitting of the contact
surfaces.
DISCONNECTING and INSTALLING BATTERY
1.
2.
3.
When removing a cable from a battery, always remove the cable from the
grounded post first.
When installing a battery always connect the cable to the ungrounded post
before the grounded post.
When installing or removing a battery ensure there is no current dray in the
battery circuit. In other words turn off all accessories such as lights, radios, fan,
door lights etc.
Fork Lift
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Operator shall have an orientation prior to operation of lift and shall be
trained by an experienced employee.
Employee’s being trained in the operation shall show competency in the
use of the lift prior to actual use by an experienced employee, assigned in
the training of the lift.
There is absolutely NO riding on a lift at any time for any reason.
There is absolutely NO using the lift as a ladder; no person is to be on the
lift ever.
The lift should be fully charged before use to avoid any malfunctions
while lifting is in progress.
There is an emergency stop located in the center of the operating stick, the
red button will cease forward or backward motion of the lift if a person
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becomes pinned or presses it and a horn will sound. There is also a horn
located under the red button to sound to warn others.
7. When lifting, ensure that there are no people directly under the lift and a
safe distance from the load itself.
8. All materials being lifted must be secured in place via rope, harness, box
or shrink wrap.
9. Loads must be centered and weight evenly distributed. Ratchet straps are
supplied and located in the red tool box attached to the lift.
10. A quick visual inspection should be conducted of the lift as well as a
check of the controls.
11. No maintenance is to be conducted on the lift while in operation; the unit
must be tagged out before any maintenance or short repairs.
Motor Vehicle Operation
Always drive defensively and do not make assumptions regarding the other driver’s
behavior. Be prepared for the unpredictable action of other drivers. Our company
signs on the vehicles are our advertising and we want to leave a good impression to
the general public.
Obey all traffic laws and govern speed by traffic, weather and road
conditions.
Company vehicles should be maintained regularly by:
1) Checking the brakes.
2) Maintaining correct levels of brake fluid, oil and coolant.
3) Check the battery periodically for fluid levels.
4) Replace tires when wear becomes excessive, maintain correct air pressure
and ensure the spare is always serviceable.
5) Change oil and filters on a regular basis.
6) Ensure all lights are working (carry spare bulbs).
7) Ensure windshield wipers work and maintain an ample supply of washer
fluid.
Use the seat belt.
It’s the Law.
A survival kit consisting of the following equipment is recommended for all
vehicles:
1. Axe Shovel,
2. Gas Line Anti-freeze,
3. Booster Cables,
4. Candles and Matches,
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5.
6.
7.
Towrope,
Blanket,
Canned or dehydrated food should be carried in the event you are
stranded for a few days.
Drive with headlights on at all times to reduce accidents.
Compliance with the drug & alcohol policy is required at all times.
General Housekeeping
1. As work is proceeding, be sure area is cleaned up behind you. Other contractors
2.
3.
4.
may have activities in the same area.
Do not leave tools where they may be forgotten, stolen or may present a
tripping or falling hazard.
Store all material in an area away from where they could cause tripping or
cluttering.
Make sure all materials are sealed, weather proof and safe before leaving the
work area for the day.
Housekeeping is Everyone’s Responsibility
Obligation of Workers to Refuse Unsafe Work
Overview: Bill C 45 states that workers do not have to perform tasks for
which they feel that they are not competent to safely and successfully
complete.
Part A: Worker Can I refuse to do work I think is unsafe?
When you've talked to your supervisor (and maybe others), and you still have reason
to believe that the work you have been asked to do may endanger your safety or the
safety of those around you, you have the right under the Occupational Health and
Safety Act to refuse to perform the work.
There are times when the supervisor might not agree with you, doesn't take what
you're saying seriously or politely ignores you. If the problem isn't properly
addressed and you still feel you could be injured say "NO" to the work. You have
the legal right to refuse unsafe work.
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How can I refuse to work?
Tell your supervisor that you believe that the situation is not safe, and that you will
not continue the work until the situation is made right. If necessary, let them know
that you are exercising your right under the Occupational Health and Safety Act to
refuse work.
Make sure there's no doubt that it's not a discussion or a complaint investigation, but
that you're refusing to perform the work until they do something about your
concerns. At this point your boss or supervisor may not agree with you, but once
you have "refused to work" under the Act, you can't be ordered or forced to do the
work and you can't be disciplined for refusing the unsafe work.
This is a serious thing to do and should not be done lightly or be a routine
method of solving problems. However, you should not be afraid to exercise your
rights when you really think you or your co-workers could be in danger.
Above all, you have the right to go home from work in the same condition you
condition you were in when you arrived for the start of your shift.
Are there rules to follow?
There is a set procedure that the worker member of the health and safety committee
or a health and safety representative and your supervisor will be required to follow.
1. The rules say they must investigate the problem.
2. You will wait in a safe place while they do this.
3. You will be an important part of the investigation, as you will be the one
to decide if the problem that caused you to refuse to work has been fixed.
4. If the problem is resolved, and most are, you return to work.
If they finish the investigation and let you know that they feel the work is safe and
you have reasonable grounds to believe the work is still unsafe and if it can't be
resolved through the internal investigation, a Ministry of Labour inspector is called
to investigate.
While the Ministry of Labour investigation is underway, you may be assigned to
another job. The inspector will decide if the original job is safe. That decision will
determine if you return to your job or if changes must be made before you resume
the work.
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Do all workers have the right to refuse unsafe work, even young workers
who are just starting out?
Yes, but for some occupations, the right is restricted. For example, the Act prohibits
police officers, firefighters, corrections officers and some health care workers (this
is specified in section 43 of the Act) from refusing work when the danger is a
normal part of their job or if the refusal would directly endanger the life, health or
safety of another person.
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Here's a flow chart that shows the work refusal process:
Section 43 of the Occupational Health and Safety Act describes the procedures.
Can I be disciplined or fired for refusing to work or raising concerns?
It is against the law for an employer to punish or fire a worker for refusing work that
the worker thinks is unsafe.
There are provisions under the Act to protect you from "reprisals".
If you feel you have been disciplined (e.g. sent home without pay, had your hours
drastically cut or were fired), you can report it to the Ministry of Labour, who will
guide you either to your union (if there is one) or to the Ontario Labour Relations
Board (OLRB) who will rule on the situation. The Ministry doesn't make any rulings
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or decisions in these situations. The union or the OLRB will handle the process. Be
aware that it may take some time to resolve.
Even if you only feel that after a refusal you were treated differently, remember that
the loss of a job is nothing compared to losing a finger, getting burned or perhaps
losing your life. Give yourself a pat on the back for exercising your rights and
protecting yourself and your co-workers. It probably isn't a great place to work if
your employer reacts by punishing you.
Protecting Employees, Co-workers and the Public
The code of practice has been developed to protect employees, co-workers and
the public.
Part A; Exterior Protection Requirement
Employers shall:
Keep sidewalks, entrances to buildings, lobbies, corridors, aisles, doors and exists
free and clear of all obstructions to permit safe entrance and exit at all times.
Clearly, post appropriate warning and instructional safety signs.
1. Use a signal person to control the movement of motorized equipment in
areas where traffic might create a danger to persons.
2. Provide adequate sidewalks, sheds, canopies, catch platforms and
appropriate fences when it is necessary to maintain public pedestrian
traffic adjacent to the erection, demolition, or alteration of outside walls.
3. Provide temporary ridged fencing, at least 2.4 m high, around the
perimeter of work adjacent to public areas. All guardrails must meet
current legislative requirements.
4. Provide guardrails on both sides of vehicular and pedestrian bridges,
ramps, runways and platforms.
5. Provide adequate barricades to separate work area from employees and the
public.
6. Provide adequate barricades and secure barriers around all excavations.
7. Secure barricades to prevent accidental displacement and maintain them
except where temporary removal is necessary to perform work. During the
period a barricade is temporarily removed for work, a worker must be
positioned at each opening.
8. Always barricade an area where work is being done overhead.
9. Provide temporary sidewalks when a permanent sidewalk is obstructed by
work.
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Interior Protection Requirement
Employer shall:
1. Before starting work in an occupied building, contractor must include
steps in the work plans to provide protection for people and property in
areas that might be affected by the work.
2. Risks that might be considered in the plan include: electricity or gas
outages, excessive noise generation, dust, chemical fumes, asbestos
fibre release, mould, and fire exit blockages.
Chemical / Biological Hazards and Harmful Substances
This Safe Work Practice is to protect workers exposed to chemical/biological
and harmful substances
Employer obligations to Worker Exposure to Harmful Substances:
1.
2.
Must ensure worker exposure is kept as low as reasonably achievable;
Must ensure worker exposure does not exceed occupational exposure limits,
including coal dust;
3. Must ensure that is no occupational exposure limit for a harmful substance is
established, worker exposure to that substance is kept as low as reasonably
achievable;
4. Must ensure worker exposure to a substance does not exceed that substance’s
ceiling limit;
5. Must ensure for exposure to multiple substances with similar toxicological
effects;
a. During a single work shift, utilize the formula in Alberta OH&S code
2009 Part 4, Clause 17 for calculations of occupational exposure limit
values.
b. During shifts longer than 8 hours, utilize the formula in Part 4, Clause
18(1) to ensure equivalent protection from adverse health effects is
achieved by adjusting the 8 hour limit.
c. Ensure that airborne concentrations measurements are conducted in
accordance with standard test methods.
6. Must, for potential worker exposure:
a. Identify health hazards, assess exposure and inform the worker;
b. Inform the worker of any measurements made of airborne concentrations;
c. Train the worker in procedures to minimize exposure;
d. Ensure the worker understands procedures developed by the employer to
minimize exposure.
7. Must, for worker overexposure:
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a.
Immediately conduct measurements of the substance concentrations at
the site;
b. Identify the cause;
c. Protect the worker from any further exposure;
d. Eliminate any other worker exposure;
e. Explain to the exposed worker the nature and extent;
f. Ensure that measurements taken are kept for a period of 3 years.
8. Must, for worker decontamination:
a. Provide facilities including showers to remove the contamination
before the worker leaves the worksite;
b. Ensure that those articles and clothing taken by the worker have been
properly decontaminated or cleaned;
c. Ensure that workers have access to emergency baths, showers, eye
wash equipment or other equipment at a work site where chemicals
harmful to the eyes or skin are used;
d. Ensure that workers do not eat, drink or smoke in a part of a work site
contaminated by a harmful substance;
9. Must for storage, handling, use and disposal of a substance listed in Schedule
1, Table 1:
a. Have a code of practice for a pure substance exceeding 10 kg and a
concentration of 0.1% by weight or more;
b. Include measures to prevent the uncontrolled release of the substance;
c. Include procedures to be followed if there is an uncontrolled release
(See ERP);
10. Must ensure that harmful substances used or stored at a work site are clearly
identified, used and stored such that the use or storage is not a hazard to
workers;
a. For asbestos, silica, coal dust and lead refer to OH&S Part 4, Clauses
28 to 48 (6);
b. Ensure that a worker’s exposure to mould is controlled.
Workers:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Must be trained in, understand, and appropriately utilize procedures
developed by the employer to minimize exposure;
Cannot exceed occupational exposure limits of substance or concentrations
exceeding their ceiling limit;
Must not eat, drink or smoke in part of a work site contaminated by a
harmful substance;
Must not use materials containing crocidolite asbestos in an existing or new
building;
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5.
6.
Must not apply materials containing asbestos by spraying them;
Must not use asbestos in an air distribution system or equipment in a form in
which, or in a location where, asbestos fibres could enter the air supply or
return air systems;
7. Must, if having received a health assessment from a previous employer
within the immediate preceding two years, inform the present employer of
the date or approximate date of that health assessment at the earliest possible
time;
8. May refuse to undergo part of all of a health assessment by giving the
employer a written statement refusing it;
9. Must follow the company’s lead exposure control plan and practice the
personal and work site hygiene practices established by the employer to
minimize lead exposure at the work site;
10. May refuse to undergo lead blood level testing, by giving the employer a
written statement refusing it.
Transportation of Dangerous Goods
Overview of Safe Work Practice
The Federal Government of Canada passed the Transportation of Dangerous Goods
Act on July 17, 1980 and a revised Act was passed in 1992. The Transportation of
Dangerous Goods Regulations was enacted on July 1, 1985 to allow for greater
public safety. The Regulations (TDGR) is a corresponding document that translates
the Act into its operative form by describing the various safety requirements relative
to handling, offering for transport and the transportation of dangerous goods. These
Acts and Regulations were introduced to promote public safety when transported by
road, rail, sea or air. In case of an accidental release, the documentation, safety
marks and labels provide the necessary information for emergency personnel to
identify those dangerous goods and to clean up the spill in the safest manner
possible.
Employer’s Responsibilities
1.
2.
3.
Employers: are responsible for training and certifying employees to
transport dangerous goods.
They are also responsible for developing procedures that ensure
compliance with the regulations in their particular workplace.
An employer must not direct or allow an employee to handle or offer for
transport dangerous goods, unless the employee has been adequately
trained and holds a training certificate or performs those activities in the
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4.
presence or under the direct supervision of a person, who is adequately
trained and holds a training certificate.
Employers must provide an Emergency Response Plan if a dangerous
occurrence takes place.
Consignors (shippers)
Must be trained and certified to handle or offer for transport dangerous goods.
Consignors are responsible for:
1. Identifies: makes a decision as to whether or not the article or substances
being shipped are identified as dangerous goods (i.e. determines if a
specimen or culture is a dangerous good or a diagnostic specimen).
2. Classifies: determines the class of the dangerous good (infectious
substance Class 6.2), and Risk Group.
3. “In the case of infectious substances this activity is normally done by, a
doctor, scientist, veterinarian, epidemiologist, genetic engineer,
microbiologist, pathologist, nurse, coroner or laboratory technologist or
technician.”
4. Means of containment: selects packaging and ensures that it is in
compliance with regulations.
5. Marks: ensures all appropriate labels are on the package, such as addresses
of the consignor and the consignee, as well as the proper shipping names.
6. Labels: ensures all appropriate labels are on the package, such as i
infectious label.
7. Documents: ensures all proper documentation accompanies the package.
A copy of the shipping document must be able to be produced, for two
years after the date the shipping document was prepared.
The Consignor’s responsibility is complete when the package arrives
intact at its final destination and the consignee accepts it.
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Carrier
Must be trained and certified to handle and transport dangerous goods. They must
ensure that the TDG shipping document is complete and that all information,
including safety marks agrees with the consignment. They must also replace any
safety labels that become damaged during transport. A copy of the shipping
document must be within reach of the driver at all times. If a package is being
transferred from one driver to the next, a copy of the document must also be
transferred along with the package.
The carrier delivers the package and document to the consignee. The carrier must
report any dangerous occurrence, lost or stolen packages to the local police. The
drivers must retain a copy of the shipping document for 2 years.
Consignee (Receiver)
Must be trained and certified to handle dangerous goods. They must ensure that the
TDG shipping document is complete and that all information, including safety
marks agrees with the consignment. They must inspect the package for leakage or
damage. The consignee must report any dangerous occurrence and lost or stolen
packages to the local police or to the provincial regulatory agency. They must also
retain their copy of the shipping document for 2 years.
Employee Training and Competency Validation
A person, who handles, offers for transport or transports dangerous goods must be
trained and certified. They need to be adequately trained or work under the direct
supervision of a person who is adequately trained and holds a training certificate.
Direct supervision may mean within audible and visual distance. After the date of
issuance, training certificates are valid for 36 months for road transport and 24
months for air transport. An employer must keep a record or copy of the certificate
from the date of issuance until two years after expiry.
The training must be directly related to the person’s duties. If the employee only
handles or offers for transport Class 6.2 or Class 9, then adequate training would
consist of these areas.
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Employee Training Requirements:
A person is adequately trained and competent when they have a sound knowledge
of:
1. Classification criteria;
2. Shipping names;
3. Shipping documentation;
4. Dangerous goods safety marks;
5. Means of containment and certification marks;
6. Emergency response assistance plan requirements;
7. Accidental release report requirements;
8. The proper use of any equipment used to handle or transport dangerous
goods;
9. The safe handling and transportation practices; and
10. The reasonable emergency measures a person must take to reduce or
eliminate any danger to the public
A person is considered trained and competent when his employer is satisfied that
adequate training has been received and has been validated by an industry expert
and issues him a training certificate. The training certificate must include:
1. The name and address of the place of business of the employer;
2. The employees name and signature;
3. The training requirements must be listed;
4. The date the training certificate expires; and
5. The signature of the employer acknowledging the individuals competency
in the training requirements for the Transportation of Dangerous Goods.
A person must produce their certificate to an
inspector immediately upon request.
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CLASSIFICATION
There are nine classes of Dangerous Goods. The numbers do not signify the degree
of hazard. Some classes are further divided into divisions.
Classes and Divisions are stated as follows:
CLASS
DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLES
Class 1
Mass explosion hazard
TNT
Projection hazard, but not a mass explosion
Hand grenade
EXPLOSIVES
hazard
Smokeless powder,
Fire hazard along with a minor blast hazard
and/or a minor projection hazard, but does
serial flares
Fireworks
not have a mass explosion hazard
Blasting agents
A minor explosion hazard-explosion effects
are localized to immediate surroundings
Very insensitive substances with a mass
explosion hazard
An extremely insensitive substance with no
mass explosion hazard
Class 2
GASES
A flammable gas which is easily
ignited and burns
Propane
Nitrogen,
A non-flammable, non-poisonous, non-
refrigerated liquid,
corrosive gas
anhydrous
A corrosive or toxic gas harmful to
living beings
ammonia
Ammonia solution
>50%
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CLASS
Class 3
DESCRIPTION
Have a flash point <or= 60.5
FLAMMABLE
SOLIDS;
A flammable solid under normal conditions
Molten sulphur,
of transport, liable to cause a fire through
safety matches
friction; solid desensitized explosives
SUBSTRANCES
Substances liable to spontaneous
LIABLE TO
combustion which consists of pyrophoric
SPONTANEOUS
substances that ignite within 5 minutes of
COMBUSTION;
coming into contact with air; self-heating
SUBSTANCES
substances that when in large amounts,
THAT ON
spontaneously ignite on contact with air
CONTACT
after long period of time
WITH WATER
Gasoline
Heating oil
FLAMMABLE
LIQUIDS
Class 4
EXAMPLES
Activated charcoal
Calcium carbide
Water-reactive substances
EMIT
FLAMABLE
GASES
Class 5
OXIDIZERS;
ORGANIC
PEROXIDES
Substances that yield oxygen that
contributes to the combustion of other
material An organic peroxide, a strong
oxidizing agent which releases oxygen very
readily and may be liable to explosive
decomposition, burn rapidly, sensitive to
impact or friction, react dangerously with
other substances, causes damage to eyes
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Benzyl peroxide
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CLASS
DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLES
Class 6
A poisonous substance
Strychnine
POISONOUS;
INFECTIOUS
SUBSTANCES
An infectious substance
Bacteria; viruses
Class 7
A radioactive material
Uranium
A corrosive material, either
Sulphuric acid
RADIOACTIVE
MATERIAL
Class 8
CORROSIVE
acid or alkaline
SUBSTANCE
Class 9
MISC. DANGEROUS
GOODS
A miscellaneous substance or
product presenting dangers
Dry Ice, asbestos
DDT
sufficient to warrant regulation
in transport but which cannot
Acid sludge
be ascribed to any other class
An environmentally hazardous
substance that cannot be
ascribed to any other class
A dangerous specified waste
Shipping Names
The proper shipping name must be used on all shipping documents and packaging.
The United Nations Committee of Experts on the Transportation of Dangerous
Goods has assigned all dangerous goods a number to aid in identification. UN or ID
must always precede the number given by the United Nations. This number is also
known as the Product Identification Number (PIN). The PIN numbers are always
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used in conjunction with shipping names. The PIN numbers and shipping names for
infectious substances and dry ice are stated as follows:
UN2814 INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCE, AFFECTING HUMANS
UN1845 DRY ICE (CARBON DIOXIDE)(SOLID)
Risk Groups
To aid in classifying and identifying infectious substances, Canada has adopted the
World Health Organization (WHO) system of assigning pathogenic microorganisms to various Risk Groups. Micro-organisms are categorized according to
Risk Groups depending on the severity of the disease caused, routes of infection,
virulence and infectivity. Risk Group 4 is the greatest danger and Risk Group 1 is
the least dangerous.
Risk Groups are used along with the shipping names. The shipping name in this case
is:
“INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCE, AFFECTING HUMANS”
Risk Group 1 - Micro-organisms are innocuous (harmless) and are not subject to
the TDG regulations as an infectious substance
Risk Group 2 - Moderate individual risk, low community risk
Risk Group 3 - High individual risk, low community risk (i.e. HIV)
Risk Group 4 - High individual risk, high community risk
Packing Groups
Once the shipper has identified the dangerous good by Class, shipping name,
technical name, and risk group, they now must, where relevant, assign each item of
dangerous goods to one of the three packing groups within the assigned class or
division. Dangerous Goods are assigned to relevant packing groups according to the
degree of hazard they present. Degree of hazard refers to how long after exposure
“visible death of skin” occurs.
Packing Group I - great danger (0 – 3 Minutes)
Packing Group II - medium danger (3 – 60 Minutes)
Packing Group III - minor danger (1 – 4 Hours)
Infectious substances have not been put into packing groups, instead they have been
placed into Risk Groups.
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PACKING
Shippers of biological products and diagnostic specimens, where a relatively low
probability exists that infectious substances are present, must ensure that their
shipments will arrive at their destination in good condition and will present no
hazard to humans or animals during transport.
Three types of packaging are described above. The packaging type necessary will
depend on whether the shipment is a culture, specimen or waste product. Whether
the specimen(s) contains an infectious organism and if so, what risk group the
organism falls into and mode of transportation.
PACKAGING (PACKING INSTRUCTION
1.
Packaging required for infectious substances:
a. Watertight primary container (vacutainer tube)
b. Watertight secondary container (sealed biohazard bag)
c. Enough absorbent material to absorb the entire content of the primary
container. If multiple primary receptacles are placed in a single secondary
container, the primaries will be individually wrapped or separated to
prevent contact between the receptacles.
d. Strong outer packaging of adequate strength for its capacity, mass and
intended use of which the smallest external dimension is 100mm.
Before a package can be said to meet the requirements of 1A packaging, it must
undergo a series of tests. A Package Design Report must be filed and Transport
Canada must issue a “Certificate of Registration”. The outer surface of the package
that meets the requirements is marked with the United Nations packaging symbol,
code design, ‘CLASS 6.2’, manufactured year last 2 digits, state authorization
‘CAN’, manufacturer’s symbol and the Transport Canada Registration Number. 1A
packaging must be purchased from a vendor who has already gone through the steps
of having their packages tested and certified.
MARKING, LABELING AND SHIPPING
It is the consignors and the carrier’s responsibility to ensure that all required marks
and labels are on the outside package.
Safety Marks
The marking and labeling of an infectious substance package are as follows:
1. Hazard label(s)
a. Shipping name (upper case)
b. Risk group
c. UN number
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EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN (ERP) REQUIREMENTS:
An Emergency Response Plan is required for any amount of Dangerous Goods
classified as, Class 6.2 Risk Group 4 infectious substances, when transported in
Canada. The consignee must be contacted and informed of the consignment's
contents and expected arrival details.
The ERP is a plan that outlines what is to be done if there is an accident involving a
dangerous good. Health Canada issues a reference number once the ERP is
approved. This reference number for Class 6.2 Risk Group 4 infectious substances is
#ERAP2-0746 and must be on the shipping document.
In the event of an accidental release, spill, leak or imminent emission of Class 6.2
Risk Group 4 infectious substances from a means of containment, the person who
has possession of the dangerous goods, must report the discovery to Health Canada
Duty Officer at ERAP 1-800-545-7661, then the response plan # ERP2-0746 will be
implemented. There is a provincially trained ERAP team in place to respond to spills
and they will be notified by Health Canada’s Duty Officer.
IMMEDIATE RESPONSE
In the event of an accidental or imminent release of dangerous goods excluding
Class 6.2 Risk Group 4, a person who has possession of the dangerous goods must
immediately report the incident by contacting:
1. The appropriate provincial authority
2. The person’s employer.
3. The consignor of the dangerous goods.
4. For a road vehicle, the owner, lessee or charterer of the road vehicle.
5. For Class 6.2, Infectious Substances, CANUTEC at (613) 996-6666.
The immediate report must include:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
The shipping name or UN number of the dangerous good.
The quantity of the dangerous good that was originally contained in the means
of containment and the amount known or suspected to have been released.
A description of the condition of the means of containment, including details as
to whether the conditions of transport were normal when the means of
containment failed.
The location of the accidental release.
The number of deaths and injuries resulting from the accidental release.
The number of people evacuated from the area.
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30-DAY FOLLOW-UP REPORT
A follow-up report must be made by the employer of the person who had possession
of the dangerous goods at the time of the accidental release. The follow-up report
must be made in writing to the Director General within 30 days after the occurrence
of the accidental release, and must include the following information:
1. The name and address of the business, and the name and telephone
number of the person providing the information.
2. The date and time and location of the accidental release.
3. The name and address of the business of the consignor.
4. The classification of the dangerous good.
5. The estimated quantity of the dangerous goods released and the total
quantity of the means of containment.
6. A description of the means of containment involved based on the
identification markings and a description of the failure or damage to the
means of containment, including how the failure or damage occurred.
7. The number of deaths and injuries resulting from the accidental release.
8. An estimate of the number of people evacuated from the area.
9. If an emergency response assistance plan was activated, the name of the
person who responded to the emergency in accordance with the
emergency response assistance plan.
Managing the Control of Hazardous Energy
The purpose of the job procedure is to protect workers from hazardous energy in the
workplace.
Part A: An employer’s obligation to worker protection from Hazardous
Energy includes:
1.
For Isolation:
a. Ensure no worker performs servicing, repairs, tests, adjustments or
inspection on machinery, equipment or powered mobile equipment until it
has come to a complete stop and:
i. All hazardous energy at the location at which the work is to be
carried out is isolated by activation of an energy-isolating device,
which is secured with a personal lock, or;
ii. Machinery, equipment or powered mobile equipment is otherwise
rendered inoperative in a manner that prevents accidental activation
and provides equal or greater protection;
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b.
2.
3.
Develop and implement safe work procedures and controls that ensure
machinery, equipment or powered mobile equipment is services, repaired,
tested, adjusted or inspected safely if manufacturer’s specifications require
them to remain in operation while being serviced, repaired, tested,
adjusted or inspected, or it is reasonably practicable to stop or render them
inoperative.
c. Ensure no worker services, repairs, tests, adjusts or inspects
piping/pipeline/process systems containing a harmful substance under
pressure until flow has been stopped, or regulated to a safe level and the
location at which work is to be carried out is isolated and secured.
For securing remotely controlled systems ensure that control system isolating
devices and procedures for applying and securing them provide equal or greater
protection.
For returning to operation:
a. Ensure a worker does not remove a personal lock or other security device
unless it is the worker who installed it.
b. In an emergency, implement procedures that include verifying that no
worker will be in danger due to removal of a lock or other securing device
before a worker removes a lock or other securing device.
c. Ensure securing devices are not removed until:
i. Each involved worker is accounted for;
ii. Any personal locks placed by workers are removed;
iii. Procedures are implemented to verify no worker is in danger before
retuning machinery, equipment, powered mobile equipment, piping,
pipeline, or process to operations.
Part B Workers expectations include the following:
1.
Must not perform work on machinery, equipment or powered mobile
equipment to be serviced, repaired, adjusted or inspected until it has come
to a complete stop, is isolated and secured with a personal lock;
2.
Must attach a personal lock to each energy-saving device and verify the
hazardous energy source has been effectively isolated.
Fit for Work
Fit for work means than an individual is in a state (physically and psychologically)
to perform tasks assigned to them competently and in a manner which does not
compromise the safety or health of themselves or others.
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An individual’s fitness for work may be impaired by a variety of factors including
the adverse effects of medical conditions, level of physical fitness, fatigue, stress or
the use of alcohol or other drugs.
Where it is believed that an individual may not be fit for work then intervention is
required to ensure that the risk to health or safety is tolerable.
Five Requirements to Manage Fit for Work
Part 1: Fit for Work Management
The existence of a system for managing fit for work that clearly identifies the
resources, training and competencies, responsibilities and procedure required.
Organization, Resources and Documentation
1.
A management structure for fit for work shall be in place that:
a. Clearly identifies those people who have an active responsibility in the
management of the fit for work and state what those responsibilities are;
b. Ensures that contractors and sub-contractors have a management system in
place consistent with this standard;
c. Maintains procedures to ensure that the employees, contractors, partners,
and others are aware of the requirements to manage fit for work;
d. Ensures that communication is designed to bridge cultural and language
difficulties;
e. Ensures an intervention and rehabilitation process is in place; and
f. Ensures all person and medical information remains secure and
confidential.
Competence
2.
The management system shall define the standards required for critical roles
and the process for assuring the competency of those involved in the
management of the fit for work.
Records
3.
4.
5.
6.
All personnel records which relate to this standard shall be retained in a secure
location for a minimum of one year from termination of service.
All medical records shall be retained at the point of examination and in
accordance with provincial regulations on storage of medical data.
All personnel medical information shall remain confidential in accordance with
local regulations (FOIP), company standards and procedures.
Contractors shall retain additional records as required in the terms of their
specific contract.
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Part 2: Medical and Physical Assessment
A risk based approach applied to define medical and physical assessments to ensure
all personnel are medically and physically fit to perform their job functions.
Pre-employment – Employees and Contractors
1. Pre-employment assessments, against risk based determined criteria, shall be
conducted to measure a prospective employee’s or contractor’s fit for work
prior to any offer of contract or employments.
2. Where there are not specific fit for work medical or physical assessment
requirements, the prospective employee shall be required to sign a medical
declaration, to state that they are fit undertake the requirements of their
position.
Return to Work
3.
Personnel returning to work from illness or injury that necessitated a prolonged
absence (greater than 10 working days) or surgical intervention shall be
required to provide a medical clearance.
Part 3: Fatigue Management
The potential for fatigue shall be identified and the associated risk is managed for
work.
Fatigue Management for all Personnel
1.
2.
3.
4.
All personnel shall be educated on fatigue hazards and prevention during
the need to avoid driving after prolonged work or travel.
Work and travel patterns shall take into account the potential for fatigue
on personnel’s fit for work.
Personnel traveling for work purposes shall ensure they have adequate
recuperative rest before returning to work.
Personnel working over and above 12 hours shall be required to have:
a. A fatigue risk assessment and management plan in place; and
b. Authorization for even event from a senior manager who is above
that of the direct supervisor;
c. Transportation home to a normal place of residence shall be provided
when requested to work greater than 12 hours.
Part 4: Occupational Stress
The potential for stress shall be identified and the associated risk is managed in the
workplace.
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Management of Occupational Stress
1.
2.
Managers and supervisors shall assess the hazards of stress-related ill
health arising from work activities, and take measures to manage the risk
in relation to health and safety to personnel.
Where stress occurs the supervisor shall ensure that a rehabilitation
program is developed through a medical advisor.
Part 5: Alcohol and other drugs
Personnel shall ensure that they are fit for work by managing their alcohol and other
drug use.
Alcohol and Other Drugs
1.
2.
Alcohol shall not be permitted on any operational or construction site or
AFF vehicles.
All personnel working on or visiting an Alberta Fire and Flood site
(operational or construction site and including AFF vehicles) shall:
a.
Have a blood alcohol concentration of 0.00%.
b. Not possess or use any illegal drug, controlled substance on
mood/mind-altering substance, and
c. Not exceed the maximum allowable concentrations of other drugs
detected by immunoassay of urine.
d. Individuals shall ensure that any prescription or non-prescription
medication is taken safely without risk of impairment. This
requires that individuals:
i. Discuss with their medical practitioner the nature of their
duties to identify any possible side effects from the prescribed
medication which may impact on their fitness for work: and
ii. Notify their supervisor of the likelihood of their prescribed
medication impacting on their fitness for work.
Quality Assurance
Quality assurance of this standard shall be undertaken with the requirements of the
Alberta Fire and Flood Health and Safety Management System.
Excavations and Trenching
THIS CODE OF PRACTICE HAS BEEN DEVELOPED TO PROTECT
WORKERS AND THE PUBLIC WHILE THEY ARE EXCAVATING AND
TRENCHING AT THE WORK SITE.
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PART A: Employer obligations to Worker Protection when excavating
or trenching:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Refer to Part 32 of the OH&S Code for disturbing the ground and soil type
classification.
For soil stabilization of an excavation, tunnel or underground shaft:
a. Stabilize the soil by shoring or cutting back or open pit mine by shorting.
b. Must not use natural freezing of the soil as an alternative/partial
alternative to be a temporary protective structure or to stabilize the soil.
May stabilize the soil using an artificial soil stabilization technique, including
freezing soil by artificial means if the process designed by professional
engineer to control soil conditions and is performed according to the
professional engineer’s specifications.
Must, for marking an excavation, ensure workers are made aware of the
excavation through flagging, marking, safeguards or other appropriate/effective
means.
Must, for water hazard, ensure an excavation is kept free of water that may
pose a hazard to workers.
Must, for worker access to an excavation, tunnel or underground shaft:
a. Provide workers with a safe means of entering or leaving.
b. Ensure a worker does not enter an excavation, tunnel or underground shaft
if it does not comply with Part 32 of the Code.
Must, before the ground is disturbed, for locating buried or concreteembedded facilities:
a. Contact the owner or owner’s designate of a pipeline that is within 30 m of
the work site and any other facility that may be affected by the ground
disturbance.
b. Advise the owner or owner’s designate of the proposed activities.
c. Ask the owner or owner’s designate to identify and mark the location of
facilities.
d. Ensure workers are aware of local marks.
e. Ensure steps are taken to re-establish locate marks if moved or destroyed.
f. Ensure as-built record drawings are certified by the owner of the facility as
the most current drawings of record that indicate constructed location of
the facility before using them.
Must, for exposing buried facility:
a. Ensure work with mechanical equipment is not permitted within the hand
expose zone until it has been exposed to sight by hand digging, by a nondestructive technique acceptable to the owner or by an equivalent method.
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b.
Ensure that, if using mechanical excavation, it does not present a hazard;
if the facility is not an electrical cable or conduit, ensure it is no longer in
use and the owner has given written permission to excavate or remove
the facility.
c. Ensure a high pressure pipeline is not governed by the Pipeline Act and
written approval from the owner is obtained prior to reducing the width
of hand expose zone to within 1 m on each side of the pipeline locate
marks.
d. Contact the operator or licensee of the pipeline and obtain their consent
before disturbing the ground that lies within a pipeline right-of-way.
e. Not allow the use of mechanical equipment within 600 mm of a buried
pipeline unless the use of mechanical equipment is under the direct
supervision of a representative of the owner of the pipeline.
f. Ensure any exposed buried facilities are protected and supported to
prevent injury to workers.
g. Notify the pipeline owner or licensee before backfilling the excavation.
9. The employer is exempt from the above requirements is he, on behalf of an
electric utility, undertakes emergency work that involves ground disturbance to
a depth of not more than 500 mm, is on the horizontal alignment/right of way
of an electric utility structure and is determined to be in a location where no
buried facilities are present in the area affected by the work.
10. Must, for methods of protection in an excavation that is more than 1.5 m deep:
a. Ensure workers are protected from cave-ins or sliding or rolling materials
by:
b. Cutting back the walls to reduce the height of the remaining vertical walls
to no more than 1.5 m for “hard and compact soil” and “likely to crack or
crumble soil”.
c. Installing temporary protective structures.
d. Using a combination of the above methods.
11. Methods for cutting back walls:
a. Ensure they are sloped to within 1.5 m. of the bottom of the bottom at a
minimum 30 degree angle from the vertical if the soil is classified as “hard
and compact”.
b. Ensure they are sloped to within 1.5 m of the bottom at a minimum 45
degree angle from the vertical if the soil is classified as “likely to crack or
crumble”.
c. Ensure they are sloped from the bottom at a minimum 45 degree angle
from the vertical is the soil is classified as “soft, sandy or loose”.
12. Must, for loose materials, ensure they are scaled and trimmed from the sides of
an excavation.
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13. Must, for spoil piles:
a. Ensure they are piled so that the leading edge is at least 1 m away from the
edge of the excavation, the slope is at an angle of not more than 45
degrees from horizontal and loose materials are scaled and trimmed from
the pile.
14. Must, for power pole support:
a. Ensure that work that disturbs the ground in the vicinity of an overhead
power line is performed in a manner that does not reduce the original
support provide for power line poles.
15. Must, for safe entry and exit:
a. Ensure a safe point for entering/leaving is no more than 8 m from a worker
is the trench is more than 1.5 m deep.
b. Ensure if the trench is more than 1.5 m deep, it is supported or sloped so
the worker can reach the safe point in order to enter or leave.
16. Must, for temporary protective structures in an excavation:
a. Ensure they are of sufficient strength to prevent cave-in or collapse if the
excavation is 3 m deep or less.
b. Ensure they are designed, constructed and installed according to
professional engineer specifications (size, specifications of structure
including type/grade of materials used and loads for which it is designed)
if more than 3 m deep.
c. Ensure that before beginning an excavation, a foundation that may be
affected is supported by a structure designed, constructed and installed
according to the professional engineering specifications.
17. For alternatives to temporary protective structure refer to the Code, Part 32,
and Page 32-8.
18. Must, for installation/removal of shoring, stringers or bracing in a trench:
a. Ensure workers use a ladder and work down from the top, installing each
brace in descending order.
b. Ensure workers use a ladder and work upwards from the bottom, removing
each brace in ascending order.
c. Ensure that if the quality of the ground in which the trench has been dug
deteriorates to the extent that it becomes unsafe to use the methods above:
they are removed using a method that does not require workers to be in the
trench.
19. Must, for access for powered mobile equipment:
a. Ensure that the open side of the excavation or a route used by the
equipment to gain access to an excavation has a barrier high enough
to stop the equipment from sliding or rolling into the excavation.
20. Must, for a dumping block:
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a.
21.
22.
Ensure that if powered mobile equipment may go over a bank or
enter a dump opening while it is discharging its load, the equipment
is effectively stopped or controlled by an anchored block, ridge of
material acting as a backstop or a designated signaler with a stop
signal.
For underground shafts, drilled or bored underground shafts and tunnels
refer to the Code, Part 32, and Pages 32-9, 32-10, and 32-11.
The requirement above are exempt is a professional engineer certifies that the
ground information is and will remain stable, free from cave-ins, sliding or
rolling materials and other hazards associated with working that may
compromise worker safety.
Part B: Workers
1. Must not enter an excavation, tunnel or underground shaft that does not
2.
comply with Part 32 of the Code.
Must install/remove shoring, stringers, or bracing by using a ladder and
work from the top/bottom of the trench when installing/removing each
brace in descending/ascending order.
Respiratory Protection
POLICY STATEMENT
Alberta Fire and Flood strives to protect the health and safety of our co-workers and
all of those related to our operations by offering a safe and healthy workplace.
Whenever possible, suitable engineering or administrative controls will be used to
prevent an exposure to harmful chemicals, dust or reduced oxygen in the air. When
these methods are not possible, Alberta Fire and Flood will provide, maintain and
store the appropriate equipment and ensure that it is properly fitted for each
individual employee.
Note: This Code of Practice is applicable to all employees and contractors working
for Alberta Fire and Flood.
PROCEDURES
1.
Hazard Identification
Every manager/supervisor is responsible for identifying the specific
hazards on their job sites, which would require respiratory protection.
These include: an airborne contaminant, a biological contaminant, a
process that gives off a dust, fume, gas, mist, aerosol, smoke, or vapour of
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2.
3.
any kind or quantity that can be hazardous to workers, or an atmosphere
containing less than 19.5% or more than 23 % by volume of oxygen.
Methods of Control
Engineering methods such as local exhaust ventilation, addition of clean
air to oxygen-deficient spaces, enclosure of a process producing the
airborne contaminant and/or substitution of a less hazardous material
should be considered.
Administrative procedures such as safe work procedures may be used
when air contaminants are present
Selecting the Respiratory Protective Equipment
The manager/supervisor needs to consider the following in order to
purchase the most appropriate respiratory protective equipment. Most
safety supply companies have qualified Occupational Hygienists to guide
employers in selecting the correct equipment.
a.
b.
There are two main categories of respiratory protection. One type is for
conditions that may be Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health (IDLH).
The other category is for non-IDLH.
IDLH
The following need to be identified and reassessed whenever changes in
the products or the process are made:
i. Identification of airborne contaminant(s). The chemical name needs
to be known - so the most appropriate filter is selected.
ii. Concentration of airborne contaminant(s). The average workday
concentration and the highest short-term concentrations should be
determined.
iii. Concentration of oxygen. Workers working in an oxygen-deficient
atmosphere require atmosphere-supplying respiratory protective
equipment.
Non IDLH
The following factors determine the choice of respiratory protective
equipment for non-IDLH situations. These factors need to be reassessed
every time products or processes change.
i. Oxygen deficiency. This situation is where the air has reduced
oxygen content and is not IDLH - but is hazardous to health. An
atmosphere supplying respirator must be used.
ii. Physical form. Identify all the physical forms that may be present;
dust, mist, fume, fibre, gas, vapour, etc.
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4.
5.
6.
iii. Occupational Exposure Limits (OELs). These determine how great a
protection factor is required.
iv. Length of time during which the respirator will be needed. Certain
types are effective for longer periods of time than others.
v. Toxic properties. By recognizing the full hazard, a full facepiece
rather than a half mask respirator should be chosen for protection
against eye irritants.
vi. Warning properties. If workers are aware of a substance because they
detect a smell or their nose, eyes or throat become irritated, they will
be aware that there is a poor fit of the mask or that the cartridges are
exhausted.
vii. Need for emergency escape.
In Alberta, respiratory protective equipment must be approved by the National
Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) or by another standards
setting and equipment testing organization or combination of organizations
acceptable to Alberta Human Resources and Employment, Workplace Health
and Safety. The Canadian Standards Association Standard (CSA) Z94.4 is the
standard for comprehensive qualitative and quantitative fit testing.
There is more than one size of face piece in most models. If a satisfactory fit
cannot be achieved, a different type of respirator must be used.
However, it must have a protection factor equal to or greater than the original
respiratory protective equipment
a. Worker comfort should be accommodated wherever possible to ensure
compliance with the Code. Hot, cold or confined working conditions are
uncomfortable and the use of respirators will intensify the discomfort
b. Respiratory protection is provided only if the face piece provides a proper
seal. The worker must be clean- where the face piece contacts the face
skin. Unusual facial contours, scars, skin conditions, eyeglasses and
missing dentures will interfere with the seal. The seal should be tested and
a “user seal check” should be obtained prior to each use. Manufactures
should provide instructions on how to complete the “user seal test”.
Medical Aspects
a. Respiratory protective equipment should only be used by workers
physically capable of working while wearing it
b. Employees should complete a medical history form prior to using
respiratory protective equipment. The Safety Manager will review the
history. If there are areas of concern, the Safety Manager will request a
medical consultation. Written approval by for wearing respiratory
equipment must be obtained prior to wearing the equipment.
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7.
8.
Maintenance of Respiratory Protective Equipment
a. Respiratory Protective Equipment must be inspected for damage or
deterioration, and cleaned according to manufacturer’s instructions after
each use
b. If more than one person might be using a respirator, it must be sanitized
between uses.
c. Cartridges and canisters that are near the end of their service life require
replacement
d. Worn or damaged valves, straps and other parts should be replaced exactly
as specified by the manufacturer. Repairs on self-contained breathing
apparatus must only be done by persons trained and certified by the
manufacturer
e. Equipment should be stored in ready-to- use condition in a clean and dry
location
f. Disposable respiratory equipment should be disposed of after use
according to manufacturer’s instructions
Training of those wearing Respiratory Protective Equipment
Training will be arranged by the Safety Manager/supervisor and must include:
a. Information about the airborne contaminants, including potential health
effects, warning properties, etc.
b. Why the particular respiratory protective equipment was chosen, its
capabilities and its limitations
c. How to properly put on and take off the respirator
d. How to test for a satisfactory fit; and
e. Familiarization with the Code of Practice
f. Training should be reviewed at least every two years and/or whenever
there are changes in the products used or the processes involved
If there any concerns, consultation with the Safety Manager and/or the supplier of
the product is available for employees.
Bloodborne Pathogens
Overview
Bloodborne pathogens are infectious microorganisms present in blood than can
cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B
virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the
virus that causes AIDS. Workers exposed to Bloodborne pathogens are at risk for
serious or life-threatening illnesses.
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The standard protects workers and others who can reasonably be anticipated to come
into contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIM) as a result
of doing their jobs.
In general, the standard requires employers to:
x
Establish an exposure plan. This is a written plan to eliminate or minimize
occupational exposures. The employer must prepare an exposure
determination that a list of job classifications in which all workers have
occupational exposure and a list of job classifications in which some
workers have occupations exposures, along with a list of the tasks and
procedures performed by those works that result in their exposure.
x
Employers must update the plan annually to reflect changes in tasks,
procedures, and positions that affect occupational exposure. In addition,
employers must annually document in the plan that they have considered
and begun using appropriate, commercially-available effective medical
devices designed to eliminate or minimize occupational exposure.
Employers must also document that they have solicited input from front
line workers in identifying, evaluating, and selecting effective engineering
and work practice controls.
x
Implement the use of universal precautions (treating all human blood and
OPIM as if known to be infectious for Bloodborne pathogens.)
x
Identify and use engineering controls. These are devices that isolate or
remove the Bloodborne pathogen hazard from the workplace. They
include sharps disposal containers, self-sheathing needles, and safer
medical devices, such as sharps with engineered sharps-injury protection
and needleless systems.
x
Identify and ensure the use of work practice controls. These are practice
that reduce the possibility of exposure by changing the way a task is
performed, such as appropriate practices for handling and disposing of
contaminated sharps, handling specimens, handling laundry, and cleaning
contaminated surfaces and items.
x
Provide personal protective equipment (PPE), such as gloves, gowns, eye
protection and masks. Employers must clean, repair, and replace this
equipment as needed. Provision, maintenance, repair, and replacement are
no cost to worker.
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x
Make available Hepatitis B vaccinations to all workers with occupational
exposure. This vaccination must be offered after the worker has received
the required Bloodborne pathogens training and within 10 days of initial
assignment to a job with occupational exposure.
x
Make available post-exposure evaluation and follow-up to any
occupational exposed worker who experiences an exposure incident. An
exposure incident is a specific eye, mouth, other mucous membrane, nonintact skin, or parenteral contact with blood or OPIM. This evaluation and
follow-up must be at no cost t the worker and includes documenting the
route(s) of exposure and the circumstances under which the exposure
incident occurred; identifying and testing the source individual for HBV
and HCV infectivity, if the source individual consents or the law does not
require consent; collecting and testing the exposed worker’s blood, if the
worker consents; offering post-exposure prophylaxis; offering counselling;
and evaluating reported illnesses. The healthcare professional will provide
a limited written opinion to the employer and all diagnoses must remain
confidential.
x
Use labels and signs to communicate hazards. Warning labels must be
affixed to containers of regulated wastes; containers of contaminated
reusable sharps; refrigerators and freezers containing blood or OPIM;
other containers used to store, transport, or shop blood or OPIM;
contaminated equipment that is being shipped or serviced; and bags or
containers of contaminated laundry, except as provided in the standard.
Facilities may use red bags or red containers instead of labels.
x
Provide information and training to workers. Employers must ensure that
their workers receive regular training that covers all elements of the
standard including, but not limited to: information on Bloodborne
pathogens and diseases, methods used to control occupational exposure,
hepatitis B vaccine, and medical evaluation and post-exposure follow-up
procedures. Employers must offer this training on initial assignment, at
least annually thereafter, and when new or modified tasks or procedures
affect a worker’s occupational exposure. Also, training must be presented
at an educational level that workers understand.
x
Maintain worker medical and training records. The employer also must
maintain a sharps injury log.
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For additional information regarding the SOP’s and SJP’s regarding the Bloodborne
Pathogens go the company’s web page and check the online Health and Safety
Manual.
Health Care and Biological Hazards
Applicable Legislation: Alberta OH&S Code 2009 Part 35
Purpose: The purpose of this procedure is to protect workers from exposure to
blood borne pathogens or other biohazardous material.
Employer obligations to Worker Protection from Exposure to Blood Borne
Pathogens or other biohazardous materials, i.e. feces, urine, etc.
x
Must, for medical sharps:
x
Provide and ensure that any medical sharp is a safety-engineered medical
sharp.
x
Develop and implement safe work procedures for the use and disposal of
medical sharps if a worker is required to use or dispose of a medical sharp.
x
Ensure a worker who is required to use and dispose of a medical sharp is
trained in the safe work procedures, and such training must include:
o Hazards associated with the use and disposal of medical sharps;
o Proper use and limitations of safety-engineered medical sharps;
o Procedures to eliminate accidental contact with medical sharps;
o Any other relevant information.
x
Must, for Sharp Containers:
o Provide sharps containers and ensure that they are located as
close as is reasonably practicable to where the sharps are used;
o Ensure that sharps containers have a clearly defined fill line and
are sturdy enough to resist puncture under normal circumstances
of use and handling.
x
Must, for Recapping Needles:
o Ensure workers do not recap needles.
x
Must, for Policies and Procedures:
o Establish policies and procedures dealing with storing, handling,
using and disposing of biohazardous materials;
o Ensure that workers are informed of the health hazards
associated with exposure to the biohazardous material.
x
Must, for Limited Exposure:
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Ensure that worker exposure to biohazardous materials is kept as
low as reasonably practicable.
Must, for Post-Exposure Management:
o Establish policies and procedures for the post-exposure
management of workers exposed to biohazardous material.
o
x
Workers obligations from Exposure to Blood Borne Pathogens or other
biohazardous materials, i.e. feces, urine, etc.:
x
Must use and dispose of medical sharps in accordance with the training
provided by the employer;
x
Must use the sharps containers as provided;
x
Must not recap needles.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
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SECTION 4 - SAFE WORK PROCEDURES
Definition
A Safe WORK Procedure is a step-by-step description of how to proceed from start
to finish in performing a job or task properly. It is the practice of Alberta Fire &
Flood Ltd. to use Safe Job Procedures as a means of controlling hazards and
performing tasks with minimal risk to people and property. Written work procedures
are used to train new workers or workers that are moved to new jobs and as a
reference by workers particularly for complex, hazardous jobs or jobs that are not
performed routinely.
1. Safe Work Procedures will be reviewed annually or whenever an incident
occurs.
2. Safe Work Procedures shall be in writing and maintained in the company
Health & Safety Manual.
3. All workers are required to ensure they understand and comply with the
Safe Work Procedures that apply specifically to the job they are about to
perform.
4. Crew Chiefs are to ensure employees are aware of task specific Safe Job
Procedures and are following appropriate procedures under the guidance
of competent supervision.
5. All Safe Job Procedures must meet or exceed all applicable legislation,
industry and Alberta Fire & Flood standards. These standards and safety
regulations are to be used as a guideline when preparing these practices.
™
The safety information in this policy does not take precedence
over applicable government legislation, with which all employees
should be familiar.
Confined Space
Overview
A confined space is any enclosure such as a sewer, silo, and bag house, hopper
which has very limited access, poor natural ventilation, is oxygen deficient, and is
not meant for human occupancy. They may contain potentially life threatening
hazards which cannot be seen or smelled such as toxic gases or explosive mixtures.
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Safe Job Procedures
Determine if the space is defined as a “confined space” as per the O H & S
legislation.
Ensure the confined space is clearly identified with appropriate signage.
A worker is not permitted to enter a confined space until a person with adequate
knowledge, training and experience has completed a formal assessment and the
Confined Space Assessment Form.
1.
Confined Space Entry is a two person procedure. One person participates
as an Attendant and the Entrant is the person entering the confined space.
2. A worker is not permitted to enter a confined space without a valid entry
permit.
3. The completed and signed entry permit must be posted at the entry portal
to the confined space.
4. Do not smoke or permit open flames or sparks in the work area. If lights
are required inside the confined space, explosion proof lights must be
used.
5. Test for oxygen, explosive or poisonous gases using an electronic tester.
6. Ventilate the confined space for 15 minutes using an air mover of suitable
capacity if any hazardous gases or lack of oxygen is anticipated or
indicated. Be careful not to set the intake near any exhaust or running
vehicle/equipment.
7. If tested indicates all gases have been dispersed and oxygen levels are
satisfactory, continue to ventilate the space and take the tester in every
time the space is re-entered. If the tester alarms, get out immediately.
8. Re-test the confined space after work breaks or before re-entering on
subsequent work.
9. If the tester alarm indicates the presence of explosive gases, do not enter.
Call the fire department and provide the exact locations of the worksite.
Until the source of the explosive gas is determined, and the problem is
remedied, no further work can take place.
10. If the atmosphere cannot be cleared with the ventilator, enter wearing a
positive pressure breathing apparatus connected to a source of breathable
air.
11. Wear the appropriate Personal Protective Equipment when entering a
confined space. This can include a full body harness connected to a life
line.
12. The Attendant and the Entrant must be in constant communications with
each other.
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13. The Attendant must be provided with a communications device for
summoning adequate rescue response.
14. After complete confined space work is completed, remove soiled clothing,
wash hands and face and/or shower after work to minimize the microorganism health hazards.
Mould Abatement and Remediation
GENERAL
Protection of safety and health of mould remediation workers and building
occupants is of paramount importance in mould remediation projects. It is the
employer’s responsibility to ensure that his or her employees entering or working in
remediation work areas, or in designated areas where contaminated contents are
cleaned or handled, have received the appropriate training, instruction and personal
protective equipment.
Preliminary Steps
In order to implement or verify the remediation protocol, it is highly recommended
that the abatement contractor conduct a pre-remediation inspection to ascertain work
site conditions and establish project scheduling. Clearly determine who is
responsible for identifying and eliminating water/moisture sources.
Containment Set-up
Determine where isolation barriers or contained work areas are to be established
(primary and secondary containment). Regulated materials, such as lead or asbestos,
require specific mitigation and/or remediation protocols. Establish an appropriate
entry and exit to the decontamination area (primary) and a transitional space
between work areas and unaffected areas of the building (secondary containment).
Where possible establish negative air pressure differentials and maintain with a
sufficient amount of air scrubbers set up in negative-air mode.
Track mats may be placed immediately outside the entrance of the decontamination
chamber to limit contaminants from being tracked into unaffected areas.
Suit Up and Entry
Contractors and workers must be aware that entry into a confined space may require
additional measures to meet regulations and safety requirements. Depending on the
extent of mould contamination and associated hazards, appropriate PPE must be
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worn for worker safety. Suit up with appropriate disposable protective clothing with
attached hoods, gloves, respirator and eye protection.
Demolition and Surface Cleaning
Preference should be given to removal of contaminated materials in as large a
section as possible, for possible bagging or wrapping, preferably in heavy-gauge
poly, such as 6-mil disposal bags; or they may be securely wrapped in 6-mil poly
sheeting. When mould remediation occurs concurrently with asbestos abatement or
other types where misting water is required, the mould remediation work must be
performed with adequate engineering controls in place to limit the release or spread
of moulds spores within the work environment, or in other parts of the building, to
prevent the development of new mould.
It is highly recommended that the work area be maintained as free from dust as
possible by using a HEPA vacuum cleaner and by bagging the debris immediately.
This significantly reduces the amount of time and effort necessary for the final
cleanup of the containment, and it helps prevent failing post remediation
verification.
Bagged materials are to be sealed inside a second bag before removing them outside
the containment area.
Clean Up
To achieve a Condition 1 status in the work area after the demolition has been
completed, it is important to clean it adequately by thoroughly removing dust and
debris. Cleaning procedures inside a containment area start from the clean area and
work towards the dirty areas in the following manner:
1. Clean from top to bottom.
2. Clean from the source of makeup air to the air scrubber.
Thorough cleaning consists of combining HEPA vacuuming with damp wiping so
that minimum moisture remains on the surface. Provide the necessary time for dust
and spore settling between cleaning rounds.
Using encapsulation and sealants are not permissible. Use of encapsulation may
impede, mask or invalidate an inspection for dust and debris. These compounds may
contain nitrogen that helps support future mould growth.
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Containment Exit Protocol
After bagging demolition debris, move it to the exit chamber. HEPA vacuum or
damp wipe the outside of the bags and place in secondary bag and seal before they
are removed from the exit chamber. Disposable coveralls and disposable gloves are
to be disposed in the same manner.
Post-Remediation Evaluation
Post remediation evaluation should be conducted by the contractor to confirm the
remediation process has been completed, prior to post-remediation verification.
Breakdown of Containment
Before breaking down the containment, thoroughly inspect the cleaned containment
area. Post remediation verification often is required and it is highly recommended
that the containment pass the verification process before it is dismantled. HEPA
vacuum and damp wipe the containment before dismantling.
Hydroxyl Machine
Operating Instructions
1. Read the Safe Work Practices and Safe Job Procedures before beginning
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
operations.
Do not exhaust into indoor occupied spaces because it may be injurious to
your health.
Note: This step is for the larger SOL-AIR unit and does not refer to the
smaller ODOROX Boss 3 unit as it can be operating in occupied spaces.
The SOL-AIR unit is for Commercial use ONLY and not for Residential use.
The smaller OXOROX Boss 3 can be use for both Commercial and
Residential use.
Switch off power and DISCONNECT the system from the electrical power
source before performing any maintenance on the system.
AVOID direct eye exposure to a lit UV lamp. Repeated or prolonged eye
exposure can cause serious eye damage.
AVOID direct skin exposure to a lit UV lamp. Repeated or prolonged skin
exposure can cause serious burns and skin tissue injuries.
AVOID handling the UV lamps immediately following operation of the
system. UV lamps are hot during operation of the system and should be
allowed to cool sufficiently before handling.
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9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
For odor abatement where the contaminant such as mold, mildew, and smoke
is present, position the machine so the exhaust is blowing directly on the
contaminant.
For odor abatement where it is important the contaminant and its fumes, such
as chemical or sewage spillovers are not spread around, position the unit so
the contaminant is sucked in the air intake.
For more efficient and effective operation, position fans in such a way as to
create a vortex of air movement so that all contaminants in the facility are
exposed to the Hydroxyl ions.
Evacuate the air in the room after the machine has finished to remove the
byproducts of the hydroxyl process.
Do not move the machine immediately following operation of the system, as
the hot bulbs could be damaged with any sudden jarring, etc.
Step Ladder Set Up
Objective(s):
1. To inspect 6 foot ladder for safety verification.
2. To demonstrate proper set up of 6 foot ladder.
3. To demonstrate proper use of ladder.
Procedure:
Inspection
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Remove ladder from storage area.
Visually inspect ladder for any damaged or broken rungs.
Check to insure locking mechanisms are in proper working order.
Check the toe of the ladder for possible damaged grippers.
Report inspection on job hazard assessment from and submit form to
Safety Officer.
Set Up
6.
7.
8.
9.
Check area where setting up the ladder for level and footing stability.
Check area for possible hazards such as overhead power lines etc.
Open ladder fully.
Set locking mechanism in place.
Proper Use
10. To ascend up the ladder use three point contact.
11. Do Not use the top two rungs as a working platform. If unable to reach get
a bigger ladder.
12. Do Not work from or stand on top rung.
13. To descend the ladder use three point contact.
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Demobilization and Storage
14.
15.
16.
17.
Clean the ladder at the end of each use. Remove possible debris etc.
Carefully release locking mechanisms, watch for pinch hazard.
Close up ladder.
Return to the appropriate storage area.
Angle Grinders
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Ensure that the working area is free of debris and obstructions.
Place yourself in stable position.
Check the grinder wheel for chips and cracks.
Ensure that the disc is rated for the maximum rpm of the grinder.
Ensure that all PPE is worn.
Ensure that all guards and handles are in place.
Check electrical cord for damages such as cuts or cracks.
Set grinder against the area that is to be ground at the angle specified by the
manufacturer of the disc.
Start the grinder and begin work.
To change the grinding disc the following procedure should be followed:
1. Unplug the grinder.
2. Using the wrenches supplied by the manufacturer, remove the retaining nut
from the spindle.
3. Remove disc.
4. Select the proper grinding disc for the job required, checking for cracks or
chips.
5. Slide new disc over spindle and thread retainer nut.
6. Tighten the retainer nut as recommended by the manufacturer’s specs.
7. Discard the used disc in the garbage.
Manual Lifting
Manual lifting is a concern to all work environments and workers need to develop
proper lifting skills. To improve lifting skills ensure that any lifting is done by following
the same precautionary steps each time you lift.
1. Size up the load. If you think you need help, ask for it.
2. Ensure the entire walkway is clear.
3. Get good footing and keep one foot slightly ahead of the other.
4. Bend you knees and get a good grip on the object.
5. Keep your back straight and as close to upright as possible.
6. Lift with your legs at this point.
7. Keep the object close to your body.
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8. Maintain your balance.
9. Bend your knees to set object down.
10. Keep your back as straight as possible.
Hazardous Communication Plan
Overview
The management of Alberta Fire and Flood is committed to preventing accidents
and ensuring the safety and health of our employees and others at our worksites. We
will comply with all applicable Federal, Provincial and Municipal health and safety
rules and provide a safe, healthful environment for all our employees. This written
hazard communication plan is available at the following location for review by all
employees: main office at 4801 32nd St. S.E.
Note: Asbestos has been identified by Alberta’s Occupational Health and
Safety and the MSDS for the three types of asbestos are part of the regulatory
compliance for sites where asbestos has been found and have to be abated. For
this reason, all the sections below refer to asbestos as well. Mould has been
identified as a workplace hazards and for this reason mould is also a part of the
Hazardous Communications Plan.
Identifying hazardous materials and chemicals
A list is included in the Job Site Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment and Control
sheets that identifies all the hazards with a potential for employee exposure at this
workplace. Detailed information about the physical, health, and other risks for each
of the hazards is included in a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS); the product
identifier for each chemical on the list matches and can be easily cross-referenced
with the product identifier on its label and on its Material Safety Data Sheet.
Identifying containers of hazardous chemicals
All hazardous chemical containers used at this workplace will have either the
original manufacturer’s label --that includes a product identifier, an appropriate
signal word, hazard statement(s), pictogram(s), precautionary statement(s) and the
name, address, and telephone number of the chemical manufacturer, importer, or
other responsible party -- OR a label with the appropriate label elements just
described; OR workplace labeling that includes the product identifier and words,
pictures, symbols, or combination that provide at least general information regarding
the hazards of the chemicals.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
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The Alberta Fire and Flood’s Site Supervisor will ensure that all containers are
appropriately labeled. No container will be released for use until this information is
verified. Workplace labels must be legible and in English.
Keeping Material Safety Data Sheets
Material Safety Data Sheets are readily available to all employees and others at the
worksite during their work shifts. Employees and others can review the Material
Safety Data Sheets for all hazardous materials and controlled products used and/or
found at this workplace. The MSDS sheets can be found at the Emergency
Communication Centre located at the entrance to the worksite.
The Materials Safety Data Sheets are updated and managed by Alberta Fire and
Flood’s Health and Safety Manager. If a Material Safety Data Sheet is not
immediately available for a hazardous material or chemical, employees can obtain
the required information by calling Patrick Martens, Health and Safety Manager @
403.204.2259.
Training employees about Hazardous Materials and Chemicals
Before they start their jobs or are exposed to new hazardous materials and
chemicals, employees must attend a hazard communication training that covers the
following topics:
x
An overview of the requirements in the hazard communication rules.
x
Hazardous materials and chemicals present in their workplace.
x
Any operations in their work area where hazardous chemicals are used.
x
The location of the written hazard communication plan and where it may be
reviewed.
x
How to understand and use the information on labels and in Material Safety
Data Sheets.
x
Physical and health hazards of the materials and chemicals in their work areas.
x
Methods used to detect the presence or release of hazardous chemicals in the
work area.
x
Steps we have taken to prevent or reduce exposure to these chemicals.
x
How employees can protect themselves from exposure to these hazardous
materials and chemicals through use of engineering controls/work practices and
personal protective equipment.
x
An explanation of any special labeling present in the workplace.
x
Emergency procedures to follow if an employee is exposed to these chemicals.
Patrick Martens, Alberta Fire and Flood’s Health and Safety Manager is responsible
to ensure that employees receive this training. After attending the training,
employees will sign a form verifying that they understand the above topics and how
the topics are related to our Hazard Communication Plan.
Work Site Daily Toolbox Meetings
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At the start of each shift, toolbox meetings are held at the entrance to the job site and
all parties at the site must attend. The topics usually include the following:
x
x
x
x
x
x
Job tasks that are to be completed that day and by whom;
All potential hazards are identified
Risk Assessments are completed for each hazard;
Controls are identified for each hazards with the goal to either eliminate or
reduce the probability and/or severity of an occurrence.
The Toolbox minutes are recorded and everyone present must sign the
completed form.
The Toolbox minutes are posted at the entrance of the worksite.
Informing employees who do special tasks
Before employees perform special (non-routine) tasks that may expose them to
hazardous materials and chemicals, their supervisors will inform them about the
potential hazards. Their supervisors also will inform them about how to control
exposure and what to do in an emergency. The employer will evaluate the hazards
of these tasks and provide appropriate controls including Personal Protective
Equipment additional training as required.
Informing employees about hazardous materials and chemicals in or around pipes
Before working in areas where hazardous chemicals are transferred through
unlabeled pipes or where pipes are insulated with asbestos-containing material,
employees will contact Patrick Martens @ 403.204.2259 for the following
information:
x
The chemicals in the pipes.
x
The physical or health hazards of the chemicals present.
x
The safe work practices necessary to prevent exposure.
Informing Calgary Housing Company (CHC) and others in the workplace about the
hazardous materials and chemicals
If CHC officials or others at the worksite may be exposed to hazardous materials or
chemicals at the worksite it is the responsibility of the Project Manager and/or Site
Supervisor to provide CHC and others at the worksite the following information:
x
The identity of the hazardous materials and chemicals,
x
How to review our Material Safety Data Sheets;
x
An explanation of the location(s) of the hazardous materials and/or chemicals,
etc.;
x
Safe Work Practices to prevent exposure;
x
The accompanying Safe Job Procedures;
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x
Organize an on-site health and safety meeting with all stakeholders to discuss
the extent of the hazardous situation and whether or not an Emergency
Response Plan should be implemented with the possible temporary evacuation
of the worksite. The meeting would also include the development of a work
plan to quickly mitigate the situation and not jeopardize the health and safety of
the tenants, CHC officials and the workers.
Hand and Portable Power Tools
Alberta Fire and Flood shall ensure that all hand tools are used properly, safely and
in accordance with all manufacturer’s guidelines.
Authority and Responsibility
Health and Safety is responsible for:
1. Assisting supervisors in identifying hazardous conditions in regards to
hand/power tools;
2. Inspecting areas to ensure that this policy is being adhered to; and
3. Providing safety awareness training, as needed.
Supervisors are responsible for:
1. Anticipating all work hazards;
2. Ensuring that all safeguards are utilized;
3. Working with Environmental Health and Safety to initiate any necessary
administrative action required to enforce safe work practices;
4. Replacing all damaged tools;
5. Ensuring that tools are being properly maintained by instituting an
inspection program;
6. Ensuring employees are trained to use tools properly and in accordance
with the manufacturer’s instructions; and
7. Taking the appropriate corrective action in accordance with the Alberta
Fire and Flood Personnel Policy on for employees not complying with this
policy.
Employees are responsible for:
1. Anticipating all work hazards;
2. Ensuring that all safeguards are utilized;
3. Conducting routine inspections to ensure that tools are properly
maintained;
4. Reporting to their supervisor any tool that needs to be replaced;
5. Following all safety guidelines for the use of hand/power tools and
according to manufacturer’s instructions; and
6. Participating in training provided by the department and/or University.
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General Safety Precautions
Employees who use hand and power tools and who are exposed to the hazards of
falling, flying, abrasive and splashing objects, or exposed to harmful dusts, fumes,
mists, vapors, or gases must be provided with the appropriate equipment needed,
including Personal Protective Equipment, to protect them from the hazard. Refer to
Personal Protective Equipment policy.
All hazards involved in the use of power tools can be prevented by following some
basic safety rules:
x Keep all tools in good condition with regular maintenance;
x Use the right tool for the job;
x Examine each tool for damage before use;
x Operate according to the manufacturer’s instructions;
x Utilize the proper protective equipment. Refer to Personal Protective
Equipment Policy; and
x Participating in safety training.
Employees and employers have a responsibility to work together to establish safe
working procedures. If a hazardous situation is encountered, it shall be brought to
the attention of the Site Supervisor and/or Health and Safety Manager for evaluation
and corrective action.
Hand Tools
Hand tools are non-powered. They include anything from axes to wrenches. The
greatest hazards posed by hand tools result from misuse and improper maintenance.
Some examples of misuse include the following:
x Using a screwdriver as a chisel may cause the tip of the screwdriver to
break and fly, hitting the user or other employees;
x Using a tool with a wooden handle (e.g., hammer) if the handle is loose,
splintered, or cracked, the head of the tool may fly off and strike the user
or another worker;
x Using a wrench if its jaws are sprung, because it might slip; and
x Using impact tools (e.g., chisels, wedges) if they have mushroomed heads,
the heads might shatter on impact, sending sharp fragments flying.
Hand tool precautions including the following:
x Employers shall caution employees that saw blades, knives or other tools
be directed away from aisle areas and other employees working in close
proximity. Knives and scissors shall be sharp. Dull tools can be more
hazardous than sharp ones;
x Floors shall be kept as clean and dry as possible to prevent accidental slips
with or around dangerous hand tools; and
x Around flammable substances, sparks produced by iron and steel hand
tools can be a dangerous ignition source. Where this hazard exists, sparkresistant tools made from brass, plastic, aluminum or wood shall be used.
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Power Tools
Power tools can be hazardous when improperly used. There are several types of
power tools, based on the power source they use: electric, pneumatic, liquid fuel,
hydraulic and powder-actuated.
The following general precautions shall be observed by power tool users:
x Never carry a tool by the cord or hose;
x Never remove prongs from any cords;
x Never stand in or near water when using tools;
x Always use a Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) with electrical tools
if working in a wet environment;
x Never “yank” the cord or the hose to disconnect it from the receptacle;
x Keep cords and hoses away from heat, oil and sharp edges;
x Replace all frayed and/or damaged extension cords. Do not try to tape
cords;
x Disconnect tools when not in use, before servicing and when changing
accessories such as blades, bits and cutters;
x All observers shall be kept at a safe distance away from the work area;
x Secure work with clamps or a vise, freeing both hands to operate the tool;
x Avoid accidental starting. The worker shall not hold a finger on the switch
button while carrying a plugged-in tool;
x Tools shall be maintained with care. They shall be kept sharp and clean for
the best performance. Follow instructions in the user’s manual for
maintenance, lubricating and changing accessories;
x Maintain good footing and balance;
x Avoid loose fitting clothes, ties or jewelry such as bracelets, watches or
rings, which can become caught in moving parts;
x Use tools that are either double-insulated or grounded (three-pronged);
x Keep work area well lighted when operating electric tools;
x Ensure that cords and hoses do not pose as a tripping hazard; and
x All portable electric tools that are damaged shall be removed from use and
tagged “Do Not Use”. This shall be done by supervisors and/or
employees.
Guards
Hazardous moving parts of a power tool need to be safeguarded. For example, belts,
gears, shafts, pulleys, sprockets, spindles, drums, fly wheels, chains, or other
reciprocating, rotating, or moving parts of equipment shall be guarded if such parts
are exposed to contact by employees.
Guards, as necessary, shall be provided to protect the operator and others from the
following:
x Point of operation;
x Nip points;
x Rotating parts;
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x
x
Flying chips; and
Sparks.
Safety guards shall never be removed when a tool is being used. For example,
portable circular saws shall be equipped with guards. An upper guard shall cover the
entire blade of the saw. A retractable lower guard shall cover the teeth of the saw,
except when it makes contact with the work material. The lower guard shall
automatically return to the covering position when the tool is withdrawn from the
work.
Safety Switches
The following hand-held power tools shall be equipped with a momentary contact
“on-off” control switch: drills, tappers, fastener drivers, horizontal, vertical and
angle grinders with wheels larger than two inches in diameter, disc and belt sanders,
reciprocating saws, saber saws and other similar tools. These tools also may be
equipped with a lock-on control provided that turnoff can be accomplished by a
single motion of the same finger or fingers that turn it on.
The following hand-held powered tools may be equipped with only a positive “onoff” control switch: platen sanders, disc sanders with discs two inches or less in
diameter; grinders with wheels two inches or less in diameter; routers, planers,
laminate trimmers, nibblers, shears, scroll saws and jigsaws with blade shanks
quarter inch wide or less.
Other hand-held powered tools such as circular saws having a blade diameter greater
than two inches, chain saws and percussion tools without positive accessory holding
means shall be equipped with a constant pressure switch that will shut off the power
when the pressure is released.
Electric Tools
Employees using electric tools shall be aware of several dangers with the most
serious being the possibility of electrocution.
Among the chief hazards of electric-powered tools are burns and slight shocks
which can lead to injuries or even heart failure.
To protect the user from shock, tools shall either have a three-wire cord with ground
and be grounded, be double insulated or be powered by a low-voltage isolation
transformer. Anytime an adapter is used to accommodate a two-hole receptacle, the
adapter wire shall be attached to a known ground. The third prong shall never be
removed from the plug.
Tools shall be shut down before cleaning, repairing or oiling. Disconnect or use
Lockout/Tagout Procedures. Refer to
Lockout/Tagout Program
These general practices shall be followed when using electric tools:
x Electric tools shall be operated within their design limitations;
x Gloves, eye protection, and safety footwear are recommended during use
of electric tools;
x When not in use, tools shall be stored in a dry place;
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x
x
Electric tools shall not be used in damp or wet locations; and
Work areas shall be well lit, even if this means the operators has to
augment the work surface illumination by other appropriate means.
Powered Abrasive Wheel Tools
Powered abrasive grinding, cutting, polishing and wire buffing wheels create special
safety problems because they may throw off flying fragments or excessive dust.
Before an abrasive wheel is mounted, it shall be inspected closely and sound- or
ring-tested to ensure that it is free from cracks or defects. To test, wheels shall be
tapped gently with a light non-metallic instrument. If the wheel sounds cracked or
dead, they could fly apart in operation and shall not be used. A sound and
undamaged wheel will give a clear metallic tone or “ring.” To prevent the wheel
from cracking, the user shall be sure it fits freely on the spindle. The spindle nut
shall be tightened enough to hold the wheel in place, without distorting the flange.
Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations. Care shall be taken to ensure that the
spindle wheel does not exceed the abrasive wheel specifications.
Due to the possibility of a wheel disintegrating (exploding) during start-up, the
employee shall never stand directly in front of the wheel as it accelerates to full
operating speed.
Portable grinding tools need to be equipped with safety guards to protect workers
not only from the moving wheel surface, but also from flying fragments in case of
breakage.
In addition, when using a power grinder:
x Always use eye protection and a dust mask;
x Turn off the power when not in use; and
x Never clamp a hand-held grinder in a vise.
Pneumatic Tools
Pneumatic tools are powered by compressed air and include chippers, drills,
hammers, and sanders.
There are several dangers encountered in the use of pneumatic tools. The main one
is the danger of getting hit by one of the tool’s attachments or by some kind of
fastener the worker is using with the tool.
Eye protection is required and face protection is recommended for employees
working with pneumatic tools. When sanders are used, dust masks shall also be
worn.
Noise is another hazard. Working with noisy tools (e.g. jackhammers) requires
proper, effective use of hearing protection.
When using pneumatic tools, employees shall ensure they are fastened securely to
the hose to prevent them from becoming disconnected. A short wire or positive
locking device attaching the air hose to the tool will serve as an added safeguard.
A safety clip or retainer shall be installed to prevent attachments, such as chisels on
a chipping hammer, from being unintentionally shot from the barrel.
Screens shall be set up to protect nearby workers from being struck by flying
fragments around chippers, riveting guns, staplers or air drills.
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Compressed air guns shall never be pointed toward anyone. Users shall never “deadend” it against themselves or anyone else. It is recommended to use air guns
equipped with safety tips that have relief ports to reduce pressure if blockage or
dead-ending occurs.
Powder-Actuated Tools
Powder-actuated tools operate like a loaded gun and shall be treated with the same
respect and precautions. The use of powder-actuated tools is prohibited until
approved by Environmental Health and Safety.
Safety precautions to remember include the following:
x These tools shall not be used in an explosive or flammable atmosphere;
x Before using the tool, the worker shall inspect it to determine that it is
clean, all moving parts operate freely, and the barrel is free from
obstructions;
x Employees shall not modify tools;
x The tool shall never be pointed at anybody;
x The tool shall not be loaded unless it is to be used immediately. A loaded
tool shall not be left unattended, especially where it could be available to
unauthorized persons;
x Hands shall be kept clear of the barrel end;
x To prevent the tool from firing accidentally, two separate motions are
required for firing: one to bring the tool into position and another to pull
the trigger;
x The tools shall not be able to operate until they are pressed against the
work surface with a force of at least five pounds greater than the total
weight of the tool;
x If a powder-actuated tool misfires, the employee shall wait at least 30
seconds, then try firing it again;
x If it still will not fire, the user shall wait another 30 seconds so that the
faulty cartridge is less likely to explode then carefully remove the load.
The bad cartridge shall be put in water;
x Suitable eye and face protection are essential when using a powderactuated tool;
x The muzzle end of the tool shall have a protective shield or guard centered
perpendicularly on the barrel to confine any flying fragments or particles
that might otherwise create a hazard when the tool is fired. The tool shall
be designed so that it will not fire unless it has this kind of safety device;
x All powder-actuated tools shall be designed for varying powder charges so
that the user can select a powder level necessary to do the work without
excessive force; and
x If the tool develops a defect during use, it shall be tagged and taken out of
service immediately until it is properly repaired.
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Hydraulic Power Tools
The fluid used in hydraulic power tools shall be an approved fire-resistant fluid and
shall retain its operating characteristics at the most extreme temperatures to which it
will be exposed.
The manufacturer’s recommended safe operating pressure for hoses, valves, pipes,
filters and other fittings shall not be exceeded.
Ergonomics
The use of hand and portable power tools may be the source of certain ergonomic
stressors, which may lead to the development of musculoskeletal disorders.
Environmental hazards- bloodborne pathogens
What are bloodborne pathogens?
Bloodborne pathogens are infectious microorganisms in human blood that can cause
disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B
(HBV), hepatitis C (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Needle sticks
and other sharps-related injuries may expose workers to bloodborne pathogens.
Workers in many occupations, including first aid team members, housekeeping
personnel in some industries, nurses and other healthcare personnel may be at risk of
exposure to bloodborne pathogens.
What can be done to control exposure to bloodborne pathogens?
In order to reduce or eliminate the hazards of occupational exposure to bloodborne
pathogens, an employer must implement an exposure control plan for the worksite
with details on employee protection measures. The plan must also describe how an
employer will use a combination of engineering and work practice controls, ensure
the use of personal protective clothing and equipment, provide training , medical
surveillance, hepatitis B vaccinations, and signs and labels, among other provisions.
Engineering controls are the primary means of eliminating or minimizing employee
exposure and include the use of safer medical devices, such as needleless devices,
shielded needle devices, and plastic capillary tubes.
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CAUTION!
I f y o u ar e s t uc k by a n e e dl e or o t he r s ha r p o r g e t bl o o d or
o t h e r po t e n t i a l l y i n f e c t i o u s ma t e r i a l s i n y o ur e y e s , n o s e ,
m o u t h, o r o n br o ke n s ki n , i m m e d i a t e l y f l o o d t h e e x pos e d ar e a
w i t h w at e r a n d c l e a n a ny w o u n d w i t h s o a p a n d w a t e r o r a s ki n
disinfectant if available. Report this i mmediately to your
e mp l oy e r a n d s e e k i m me di a t e me d i c a l a t t e nt i o n.
Biohazards and Toxin Decontamination & Spill Clean-up
Background:
Decontamination is any process that reduces biohazardous material (infectious
agents, rDNA material, human material, biological toxins, etc) to an acceptable
level, one that is below the level necessary to cause disease. Acceptable levels will
depend on the biohazardous material in question and the type of work being done.
In order to select the proper decontamination procedure one must consider many
factors including; the biohazard’s concentration and resistance to disinfectants,
chemical compatibility with other materials present, surface being decontaminated,
and hazards to humans and the environment associated with the disinfectant.
Ineffective decontamination can provide a false sense of security and spread disease.
Acceptable levels of decontamination, along with methods used to decontaminate,
should be determined before work is begun.
Note: All rDNA containing waste must be decontaminated prior to disposal or
disposed of as biohazard waste before being released from the worksite.
Definitions:
x
x
x
x
Sanitizing - reduces the number of microbes to a safe level.
Antiseptics - destroy microorganisms on living tissue.
Disinfectants - destroy microorganisms on inanimate objects.
Sterilization - kills all microbes.
Operating Procedures
Cleaning up blood, bodily fluids & fecal material from hard, carpeted or
upholstered surfaces.
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1. Secure the area to be cleaned and set up “Wet Floor or Out of Order” signs.
Ensure adequate ventilation is present. If using a fan ensure that it is facing out of
the room not blowing into the contaminated area.
2. Don all personal protective equipment including two pairs of disposable nitrile
gloves or a single pair of heavier reusable neoprene / butyl rubber / etc., and safety
glasses. Disposable N95 respirator and Tyvek / booties are optional, however, are
highly recommended depending on the circumstances.
3. Prepare the sanitizing solution - Turn on the cold water and use the dispensing
unit to distribute the appropriate concentration into a bucket and or spray bottle.
4. Bring equipment to the area (dust pan and brush, paper towels, garbage bags, mop
and pail, spray bottle, diluted disinfectant, additional mop and pail for rinsing and
final clean up, an additional pail of disinfectant for clean-up of equipment). If sharps
are present you will need additional items such as tongs or forceps and a sharps
container.
5. Cover and protect any carpeted areas next to the contaminated area. Protect any
uncontaminated surfaces (especially carpets) using disposable garbage bags. If you
need to bring in a mop and pail into a heavily contaminated area, place a garbage
bag around the base of the pail to protect the wheels from becoming contaminated.
6. The spill area must be cleaned of visible organic material (blood, vomit, feces)
before applying any disinfectant. Care must be taken to avoid splashing or
generating aerosols during the clean-up. Change gloves as often as needed.
a) For Fluids (vomit, blood, urine, etc.) - In large or excessive quantities, use an
absorbent such as a mess kit, super sorb, spill king etc. to absorb the bulk of the
liquid. Do not walk into the contaminated area. Start at the door and work your way
into the room, sprinkling the absorbent as you go. Let it sit until the majority of the
liquid has been absorbed. For smaller quantities, use paper towels to absorb the
liquid and dispose into a garbage bag.
b) For feces - Where feces have been spread onto the floor, protective Tyvek booties
may be required to prevent cross contamination of other work areas. Work your way
into the room starting at the doorway, removing feces using paper towels. Multiple
wipes with paper towels may be required to remove the majority of the feces. Place
the paper towel over the feces and scoop to contain as much as possible. If on the
walls, work your way from top to bottom scooping from below. Remove the bulk of
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the solids with paper towels and place the soiled towels into disposable garbage
bags.
7. Any glass, needles, other sharp objects, condoms, or any other items that may be
contaminated must be picked by using tongs or other mechanical means and placed
into a sharps container.
Chemical/Biological Hazards and Harmful Substances
Applicable Legislation: Alberta OH&S Code 2009 Part 4 and Schedule 1, Table 2 –
Chemical Substances
Purpose: To protect workers and others on site exposed to chemical/biological
hazards and harmful substances.
Employer obligations to Worker Exposure to Harmful Substances:
x
Must, ensure worker exposure is kept as low as reasonably achievable.
x
Must, ensure worker exposure does not exceed occupational exposure
limits.
x
Must ensure that is no occupational exposure limit for a harmful substance
is established, worker exposure to that substance does not exceed the
substance’s ceiling limit.
x
Must, for exposure to multiple substances with similar toxicological
effects:
o During a single work shift, utilize the formula in Part 4, Clause
17 for calculations of occupational exposure limit values.
o During shifts longer than 8 hours, utilize the formula in Part 4,
Clause 18(1) to ensure equivalent protection from adverse health
effects is achieved by adjusting the 8 hour exposure limit.
o Ensure that airborne concentration measurements are conducted
in accordance with one of the standard test methods referenced
in Part 4, Clause 20 and 21.
x
Must, for potential worker exposure:
o Identify health hazards, assess exposure and inform the worker.
o Inform the worker of any measurements made of airborne
concentrations.
o Training the worker in procedures to minimize exposure.
o Ensure the worker understands procedures developed by the
employer to minimize exposure.
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x
x
x
x
x
x
Must, for worker overexposure:
o Immediately conduct measurements of the substance
concentrations at the site.
o Identify the cause.
o Must protect the worker from any further exposure.
o Eliminate any other worker exposure.
o Explain to the exposed worker the nature and extent.
o Ensure that measurements taken are kept for a period of 3 years.
Must, for worker decontamination:
o Provide facilities including showers to remove contamination
before the worker leaves the site.
o Ensure that those articles of clothing taken by the worker have
been properly decontaminated or cleaned.
Must ensure that workers have immediate access to emergency baths,
showers, eye wash equipment or other equipment at a work site where
chemicals harmful to the eyes or skin are used.
Must ensure that workers do not eat or drink in a part of the work site
contaminated by a harmful substance.
Must, for storage, handling, use and disposal of a harmful substance listed
in Schedule 1, Table 1;
o Have a code of practice for a pure substance over 10 kg.
o In a mixture in which the amount of the substance exceeds 10 kg
and at a concentration of 0.1% by weight or more.
o Include measures to prevent the uncontrolled release of the
substance.
o Include procedures to be followed if there is an uncontrolled
release.
o Must ensure that harmful substances used or stored at a work
site are clearly identified, used and stored such that the use or
storage is not a hazard to workers.
Must ensure that a worker’s exposure to mould is controlled.
Worker’s obligations to Worker Exposure to Harmful Substances:
x
Must be trained in, understand, and appropriately utilize procedures
developed by the employer to minimize exposure.
x
Cannot exceed occupational exposure limits of substances or
concentrations exceeding their ceiling limit.
x
Must not eat or drink in a part of the work site contaminated by a harmful
substance.
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Emergency vehicle response guidelines
Overview
In today’s disaster restoration organizations, there is a growing need for the
development and use of standard operating guidelines and issue specific
training. One of the areas that requires a great deal of attention is the
operation of emergency vehicles.
Drivers, need to recognize the fact that the emergency vehicle response is
the basis for the success or failure of all other emergency responses.
Without the safe conveyance of these vehicles to the emergency scene, the
disaster restoration company cannot achieve its’ mission of protecting
property.
Having sound emergency vehicle response guidelines in place will assist the
disaster restoration companies in providing sound direction to its drivers.
Purpose
Responding to any emergency call, places a great deal of responsibility on
the drivers of our emergency vehicles. Not only must emergency vehicle
drivers provide prompt conveyance of the equipment, and personnel to
provide service to those in need, but as importantly, must accomplish this
task in the safest and most prudent manner possible.
Emergency vehicle drivers have in their care, custody and control most of
the major assets possessed by this organization (the vehicle, equipment, and
personnel).
Emergency vehicle drivers also have a higher standard of care to provide to
the general motoring public and must make every attempt possible to
provide due regard for the safety of others. Drivers must constantly monitor
and reduce the amount of risk and exposure to potential losses during each
and every response. Safe arrival at the emergency shall be, and must always
remain, the first priority of all emergency vehicle drivers.
In order to accomplish this enormous task all emergency vehicles drivers
shall become familiar with, and constantly abide by the following policies
and procedures.
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1. Circle of safety
Prior to entering the cab and starting the vehicle, the emergency vehicle
driver shall make a circle of safety around the vehicle to see that all
equipment is secured, that all compartment doors are securely closed and
any physical obstructions moved out of the way. During the circle of safety
the emergency vehicle driver shall encircle the vehicles and visually inspect
all 4 sides and the top of the vehicle before entering the cab. He/she should
also verify right side and rear clearance with the person riding in the officer
position. This shall be conducted prior to moving the vehicle regardless of
whether or not the vehicle is about to leave on an emergency or nonemergency.
2. Vehicle control
All drivers shall attempt to maintain control of the vehicle that they are
operating in such a manner as to provide the maximum level of safety for
both their passengers and the general public. The emergency vehicle driver
shall be aware of his/her rate of closure on other vehicles and pedestrians at
all times to make sure that a safe following distance is established and
maintained. All drivers shall follow the rule for safe following distance and
allow 1 second of following distance for every 10 feet of vehicle length for
speeds under 60 km/h and add 1 additional second for each 10 km/h for
speeds over 60 km/h.
3. Response speeds
When responding to an emergency only, drivers shall operate the vehicle
they are driving at as close to the posted speed limit as possible, but not to
exceed ten (10) km/h over the posted speed limit, conditions permitting.
Examples of conditions requiring slower response speeds include but are
not limited to;
•
•
•
•
•
slippery road conditions
inclement weather
poor visibility
heavy or congested traffic conditions
sharp curves
4. Ordinary travel procedures
All drivers shall obey all traffic laws and traffic control devices when
driving any company vehicle under ordinary travel conditions. Any driver
observed breaking any traffic laws or driving any vehicle in an aggressive
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manner will be subject to disciplinary action including, suspension of
driving privileges.
5. Riding policy
The company requires all persons to be seated in approved riding positions
and be secured to the vehicle by seat belts whenever the vehicle is in
motion. The emergency vehicle driver and/or the person riding in the officer
position shall verify that all personnel are personnel are properly seated and
in seat belts before the vehicle is moved. Standard communication signals
should be formulated and utilized by all personnel.
6. Backing
The company recognizes that backing emergency vehicles is made
hazardous by the fact that the driver cannot see much of where he/she
intends to go. The company recommends that whenever possible drivers
should avoid backing as the safest way to back up a vehicle is not to back
up at all.
When it is necessary to back-up any company vehicle all drivers shall
follow one of the following two measures.
•
The company’s first choice of backing procedures is that before
any vehicle is put into reverse and backed that a spotter be put in
place near the rear of the vehicle. The spotter should be safely
positioned so that the emergency vehicle driver can see them at all
times. If at any time the emergency vehicle driver loses sight of the
spotter, he/she shall stop immediately until the spotter makes
himself/herself visible again.
•
If conditions exist that make use of spotters impossible, all drivers,
before attempting to back up any fire company vehicle, shall will
make a circle of safety to see that; no person or persons are directly
behind the vehicle or in its intended path of travel; all equipment is
secured and that all compartment doors are securely closed; any
physical obstructions are moved out of the way. The emergency
vehicle driver should also note all potential obstructions in the
intended path of travel.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
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ACKNOWLEDGMENT
I, _________________________ acknowledge that I have received a copy
of the Emergency Vehicle Response Plan and have also been and
understand the instructions contained in the policy. I also understand the
importance of the safe operational procedures of the company vehicles, and
will abide by all of the operating guidelines contained in this document.
Driver: ______________________________________________________
Date: _____________________
General Manager: _____________________________________________
Date: _____________________
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SECTION 5 - COMPANY RULES
COMPANY RULES
Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. Mandatory and General Company Rules and Regulations.
1. All Alberta Fire & Flood employees, sub-trades and visitors shall comply
with all requirements of Workplace Health & Safety (WH&S) regulations
and the Alberta Fire & Flood Company Safety Policy Manual.
2. Supervisors and Management are to issue employee written warnings and
non-compliance reports to employees and sub-trades when they are not
complying with Alberta Fire & Flood safety policies.
3. All unsafe acts, unsafe conditions and Near Miss Incidents must be
reported to the Crew Chief, Safety Coordinator and Project Manager.
4. All injuries and damage accidents must be reported to the Crew Chief,
Safety Coordinator and Project Manager.
5. All work must be performed in accordance with Alberta Fire & Flood Safe
Job Procedures and Safe Work Practices or as directed by the Crew Chief
or Project Manager.
6. All Alberta Fire & Flood employees and sub-trades are responsible for
keeping their work area clean and tidy (housekeeping).
Alcohol and/or Illegal Drug Use Policy
The following offenses are unacceptable on Alberta Fire & Flood worksites.
This applies to all personnel, including clients (or representatives), visitors,
sub-trades and workers. If there is at any time a breach of the Alberta Fire &
Flood Ltd. general Company Rules, the person(s) involved will be issued a
written warning and asked to leave the premises immediately. Depending on
the offense, a written warning can also be issued “without prejudice”,
informing the person that the time off will be without pay. The Project Manager
will assess the offence committed and determine if the “without pay” action is
necessary.
Zero Tolerance Offenses
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Possession, sale or consumption of alcohol or illegal drugs (ZERO
TOLERANCE).
Possession of firearms.
Fighting, horseplay, practical jokes.
Theft or vandalism.
Damaging, disabling or interfering with safety, firefighting or first aid
equipment.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
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6.
7.
8.
Arriving for work or remaining at work when the ability to perform your
job safely is impeded by alcohol or illegal drug consumption. The Project
manager has discretionary authority in this situation when the drugs are
legally prescribed, but in your condition, you will be sent home without
pay.
Use of iPods or portable radios with headsets is prohibited. Hearing must
not be obstructed.
Personal cell phone use is restricted to coffee breaks, lunch hour and
before and after work hours. Limit the use of your cell phone to work
related issues while on Company time.
This notice is to be posted at all Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. worksites.
Substance Abuse Policy
Any employee in the possession of and/ or consumption of alcohol, illegal
drugs and / or the misuse of prescription drugs is prohibited from Alberta Fire
& Flood Ltd. jobsites including company vehicles.
Any employee taking a prescription drug which is known to possibly impair his
/ her judgment, co-ordination or perception so as to adversely affect the ability
to perform work in a safe manner must notify their supervisor immediately.
When an employee is taking prescription drugs, the supervisor will determine
whether work restrictions apply.
Possession or use of intoxicating beverages or unauthorized drugs on the job is
strictly forbidden.
Disciplinary action will be taken by management, in accordance with
guidelines established by the Human Rights Commission for violators.
Smoking Policy
Government Legislation prohibits smoking in public places and locations
where employees can be exposed to second hand smoke. Alberta Fire & Flood
Ltd. non-smoking policy includes the office, warehouse facility, company
vehicles and Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. jobsites.
™
The information in this policy does not take precedence over
applicable government legislation, with which all workers should be
familiar.
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General Safety Rules
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
Accidents, injuries or “near misses”, regardless of their nature, shall be
promptly reported to the Safety Manager.
Approved hardhats shall be worn where required on the job by all
personnel.
“STRIKE ANYWHERE” matches are prohibited.
Running is not permitted anywhere, except in the case of an extreme
emergency.
Safety glasses, goggles and face shields shall be worn when, metal
chipping, welding, grinding and for other operations where eye protection
is required.
Hand tools shall not be used for the purpose other than that intended. All
damaged or worn parts shall be promptly repaired or replaced.
Only authorized personnel shall operate power tools, with guards
furnished by the manufacturer “in place”.
All electrical hand tools shall be grounded or double insulated.
Explosive / power actuated tools shall be used only by persons who have
been instructed and trained in their safe use.
Compressed gas cylinders shall be in an upright position.
Possession or use of intoxicating beverages or unauthorized drugs on the
job is strictly forbidden and constitutes grounds for DISMISSAL.
Riding on equipment is prohibited. No person shall ride any hook, hoist or
other material handling equipment, which is used strictly for handling
material and not specifically designed to carry riders.
ONLY authorized personnel with appropriate personal protective
equipment shall carry out welding and burning operations.
Horseplay, fighting, gambling and possession of firearms are strictly
forbidden on any Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. jobsite. Violation of the safety
policy will be dealt with accordingly by management.
Consuming or being in possession of alcohol or illegal drugs on any
Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. job work site is strictly prohibited.
All unsafe acts and conditions, including “NEAR MISS” incidents, are to
be reported to the Safety Manager promptly.
All incidents that result in damage or injury are to be reported to the
Safety Manager immediately.
First aid treatment is to be obtained promptly for any/ all injuries.
Safety boots and other personal protective equipment is to be worn on all
jobsites where required.
All work shall be carried out in accordance with appropriate safe work
practices and your Safety Manager’s direction.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
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21. Damaging, disabling or interfering with safety, firefighting or first aid
equipment is prohibited and constitutes reason for DISMISSAL.
22. Only those tools that are in good repair, with all guards and safety devices
in place, shall be used.
23. Every worker shall keep his/her work area clean, neat and orderl
Mandatory Requirements
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Report to your Safety Manager all-unsafe acts, unsafe conditions and near miss
incidents.
Report all injuries or accidents immediately.
Perform all work in accordance with safe work practices and your Safety
Manager’s direction.
Maintain good housekeeping in your work area at all times.
Operate all vehicles and mobile equipment in accordance with site rules and
highway regulations.
Vehicles are to be kept clean inside and outside at all times.
Prohibitions
The following are prohibited at all times on all company job– sites:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Possession or consumption of alcohol or illegal drugs.
Possession of firearms.
Fighting, horseplay, practical jokes.
Theft, vandalism.
Damaging, disabling, or interfering with safety, firefighting or first aid
equipment.
Arriving for work or remaining at work when ability to perform the job safely
is impaired.
YOU ARE ACCOUNTABLE
FOR YOUR ACTIONS
Health and Safety Enforcement Policy
The management of Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. is committed to the health and safety
excellence of its workers by providing an injury and accident free workplace. All
workers are to abide by the regulations, company rules, and the use of safe work
practices and safe job procedures.
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Violations will be handled in an objective but firm manner. Documentation is
required at each stage.
The steps of the enforcement progression are:
1. Verbal Warning
2. Written warning
3. Suspension
4. Dismissal
Any measure or combination of measure deemed appropriate to the circumstance
can be used.
™
The information in this policy does not take precedence over applicable
government legislation, with which all workers should be familiar.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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SECTION 6 - PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
It is the policy of Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. to always ensure that the proper and
appropriate personal protective equipment is used consistently by all workers and
employees.
It is the responsibility of every worker to ensure that he/she is wearing proper PPE
when working with any tool or piece of equipment. Proper PPE can be determined
by checking Safe Work Practices, Safe Job Procedures or the manufacturer’s
instructions.
It is required at all jobsites that all workers, employees, sub-trades and visitors wear
or use the appropriate and proper personal protective equipment.
This includes, at a minimum:
1. CSA approved steel-toed work boots (100% of the time until final
flooring is put down, 100% of the time when on exterior of structure).
Work boots can be removed at the front door of a private residence, but
must be put back on or replaced with CSA approved footwear once at the
interior jobsite location except during final clean-up operations and with
Crew Chief approval.
2. CSA approved safety glasses if the worker’s eyes may be injured or
irritated at the jobsite.
3. CSA approved hardhat (100% of the time until interior boarding is
complete and ceiling is hung. 100% of the time when on exterior of
project).
4. Fall Protection is required for work above 3m on a temporary platform
and for all work above 1.2m on a permanent platform. Adequate fall
protection includes guardrails, handrails, fall restraint, fall arrest, etc.
5. Full Face Shields will be provided to and worn by workers when required
in the operation of tools such as chainsaws, grinders, etc.
6. Hearing Protection will be provided and worn by workers when exposed
to excessive noise.
7. Limb Protection - Employees are required to wear a minimum of long
pants and short sleeved shirt at all times.
8. Respiratory Equipment will be provided and worn by workers in
accordance with OH&S Regulations as determined by the Safety
Coordinator. PPE concerns should be addressed on Hazard Assessments
and posted as per Hazard Assessment Policy.
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9.
Fall Protection Plans are to be submitted to Alberta Fire & Flood or the
Prime Contractor by each trade where required. Refer to OH&S
Regulations.
As Alberta Fire & Flood is a restoration company, frequently our PPE is very
specialized. Every project must be assessed and, in the case of possible biohazards
(E-coli, mould) and/or other critical task (asbestos, obstacle removal) projects,
visited by the Safety Coordinator to ensure proper selection and fit of PPE. The
Safety Coordinator will inform the Project Manager.
All sub-contractors shall be contacted by the Project Manager if it is deemed by the
Safety Coordinator that specialized PPE is necessary. It is the responsibility of each
sub-contractor to provide their workers with all necessary and appropriate PPE as
deemed by the Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. Safety Coordinator. If a sub-contractor
arrives without the proper PPE, it may be provided and charged to the subcontractor.
Anyone caught damaging, disabling or interfering with safety equipment, fire
fighting or first aid equipment will be immediately dismissed.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
It is Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. policy to have all workers use the proper
personal protective equipment when and where required.
All employees and visitors are to wear the necessary equipment on all
Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. jobsites.
All personal protective equipment used will be in good condition and
maintained according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
Company supplied personal protective equipment that is of questionable
reliability, damaged or in need of service or repair will be removed from
service immediately.
All personal protective equipment that is of questionable reliability,
damaged, or in need of service or repair will be removed from service
immediately.
All personal protective equipment that has been removed from service will
be tagged “out of service” and will not be returned to service until repaired
and inspected by a qualified Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. employee.
™ The information in this policy does not take precedence over
applicable government legislation, with which all workers should
be familiar.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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Foot Protection
GENERAL
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Safety footwear is designed to protect against foot hazards in the work place.
Safety footwear protects against compression, puncture injuries and impact.
Safety footwear is divided into three grades, which are indicated, by colored
tags and symbols.
The TAG COLOR tells the amount of resistance the toe will supply to
different weights dropped from different heights.
The symbol indicates the strength of the sole. For example, a TRIANGLE
means puncture resistant sole able to withstand 135 kg (300-ft. lbs.) of pressure
without being puncture by a 5-cm (2 inch) nail. For more information, look at
Alberta’s O.H.S. Statute and Regulations or CSA Standard “Protective
Footwear” Z195-M1981.
It is recommended that only the GREEN TRIANGLE grade footwear, which
also gives ankle support, be used.
Your choice of protective footwear should always over protect, not under
protect.
ALWAYS
1.
2.
3.
4.
Choose footwear according to the job hazard and CSA Standards.
Lace up boot and tie laces securely; boots don’t protect if they are a tripping
hazard or fall off.
Use a protective boot dressing to help the boot last longer and provide greater
water resistance (wet conducts current).
Choose a high cut boot to provide ankle support ( less injuries).
NEVER
1.
2.
Wear defective safety footwear (i.e. expose steel toecaps)
Under protect your feet or modify safety footwear.
Eye and Face Protection
GENERAL
This personal protective equipment is designed to protect the worker from such
hazards as:
1. Flying objects and particles.
2. Molten metals.
3. Splashing liquids.
4. Ultraviolet, infrared and visible radiation (welding)
This personal protective equipment has two types.
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The first type, “BASIC EYE PROTECTION” includes:
1. Eyecup goggles.
2. Mono-frame goggles and spectacles with or without side shields.
The second type, “FACE PROTECTION” includes:
1. Metal mesh face shields for radiant heat or hot and humid conditions.
2. Welders’ shields or helmets with specified cover filter plates and lens.
HARDENED GLASS, PRESCRIPTION LENS AND SPORT GLASSES
ACCEPTABLE SUBSTITUTE FOR PROPER, REQUIRED INDUSTRIAL
SAFETY EYE PROTECTION
1. Comfort and fit are very important in the selection of safety eyewear. Lens
coating, venting or fittings may be needed to prevent fogging or to fit with
regular prescription eyeglasses.
2. Contact lens should NOT be worn at the work-site. Contact lens may trap or
absorb particles or gases causing irritation or blindness. Hard contact lens
may break into the eye when hit and cause severe eye damage.
3. Basic eye protection should be worn with face shields. FACE SHIELDS are
often not enough to fully protect the eyes from work hazards. When eye and
face protection is required, advice from the O. H. & S. office, Material
Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) or your supplier will help in your selection.
For more information, look at:
Alberta’s O.H. & S. Statute and Regulations.
CSA Standard “Industrial Eye and Face Protectors” Z94.3-M1982
ALWAYS
1.
2.
3.
4.
Ensure your eye protection fits properly (close to face)
Clean safety glasses daily, more often if needed.
Store safety glasses in a safe, clean, dry place when not in use.
Replace pitted, scratched, bent and poorly fitted PPE (damaged eye / face
protection interferes with vision and will not provide the protection it was
designed to deliver).
NEVER
1.
2.
Modify eye / face protection.
Use eye / face protection which does not have a CSA certification (CSA
stamp for the safety glasses is usually on the frame inside the temple near
the hinges of the glasses).
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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EYE PROTECTION FOR WELDERS
Welders and welders’ helpers should wear the prescribed equipment. Anyone else
working in the area should also wear eye protection where there is a chance they
could be exposed to a flash.
Hearing Protection
Hearing protection is designed to reduce the level of sound energy reaching the
inner ear.
The “rule of thumb” for hearing protection is: use hearing protection when you
can’t carry on a conversation at a normal volume when you are 3 feet apart.
1. Remember that this is only a rule of thumb. Any sound over 80 decibels
requires hearing protection. Hearing loss can be very gradual, usually
happening over a number of years.
2. The most common types of hearing protection are earplugs and earmuffs.
If you choose to use other types of hearing protection, ask your safety
supplier or O.H. & S. office for further information.
3. It is important to have different styles of hearing protection available.
Different styles allow a better chance of a good fit. Each person’s head,
ear shape and size are different. One style may not fit every person on
your crew. If hearing PPE does not fit properly or is painful to use, the
person will likely not use it. If hearing protection is not fitted, it will not
supply the level of protection it was designed to deliver.
4. Most earplugs, if properly fitted, generally reduce the noise to the point
where it is comfortable (takes the sharp edge off the noise).
5. Workers should have their hearing tested at least every year, twice a year
if they work in a high noise area.
If your hearing protection does not take a sharp edge off the noise, or if
workers have ringing, pain, headaches or discomfort in the ears, your operation
requires the advice of an expert.
For further information, look at the CSA Standard “Hearing Protectors” Z94.2
M1984
Head Protection
Safety headgear is designed to protect the head from impact from falling objects,
bumps, splashes from chemicals or harmful substances, and contact with energized
objects and equipment.
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The recommended type of headgear is the Class B hard hat, which has the required
“dielectric strength”. There are many designs but they all must meet the CSA
requirements for Class B industrial head protection.
Most head protection is made up of two parts:
1. The shell (light and rigid to deflect blows).
2. The suspension (to absorb and distribute the energy of the blow).
Both parts of the headgear must be compatible and maintained according to
manufacturer’s instructions. If attachments are used with headgear, they must be
designed specifically for use with the specific headgear used. Bump caps are not
considered a helmet. In Alberta they can only be used when the only hazard is where
the worker might strike his / her head against a stationary object.
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
Proper care is required for headgear to perform efficiently. The service life is
affected by many factors including temperature, chemicals, sunlight and ultraviolet
light (welding). The usual maintenance for headgear is simply washing with a mild
detergent and rinsing thoroughly.
ALWAYS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Replace headgear that is pitted, holed, cracked or brittle.
Replace headgear that has been subjected to a blow even though damage
cannot be seen.
Remove from service any headgear if its serviceability is in doubt.
Replace headgear and components according to manufacturer’s
instructions.
Consult O.H. & S. or your supplier for information on headgear.
NEVER
1. Drill, remove peaks and alter the shell or suspension in any way.
2. Use solvents or paints on the shell (makes shells break down).
3. Put chinstraps over the brims of Class B headgear.
4. Use any liner that contains metal or conductive material.
5. Carry anything in the hardhat while wearing the hardhat.
Refer to Occupational Health and Safety Act General Safety Amendment
Regulation 34 / 95
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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Limb and Body Protection
Due to the number of different hazards, it is not possible to cover specialized limb
and body protection in detail. These types of hazards are known as “JOB
EXPOSURES” (exposure to fire, temperature extremes, body impacts, corrosives,
molten metals, cuts from sharp or abrasive materials).
Personal Protective Equipment in this category would be items such as:
1. Leg, arm, chin and belly guards.
2. Specialty hand pads and grips.
3. Leather aprons and leggings.
4. Full body suits.
5. Flame and Chemical Resistant clothing.
6. Various types of plastic boot covers and overshoes.
For more information on the type of specialty personal protective equipment you
require, check your local O.H. & S. office. With all personal protective equipment,
following the manufacturer’s instructions on its use, care and cleaning is critical and
will help you get the full service life from your personal protective equipment.
GLOVES AND MITTS
Personal protective equipment for the hands includes finger guards, thimbles and
cots, hand-pads, mitts, gloves and barrier creams. Choose hand personal protective
equipment that will protect against the job hazard. Gloves should fit well and be
comfortable. This type of personal protective equipment has to be protected against
chemicals, scrapes, abrasions, heat and cold, punctures and electrical shocks.
TYPES
Personal protective equipment for the hands comes in many forms, each designed to
protect against certain hazards. Gloves most commonly used are made from leather,
cotton, rubber, synthetic rubbers and other man-made materials or combinations of
materials.
Vinyl coated or leather gloves are good for providing protection while handling
wood and metal objects. When selecting personal protective equipment, keep the
following in mind: look for anything at the job-site that may be a hazard to the
hands. If gloves are to be used, select the proper type of glove for the job to be done.
Inspect and maintain hand personal protective equipment on a regular basis. If in
doubt about the selection or need for a glove or personal hand protective equipment
consult your safety supplier, Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) or local O. H. & S.
office.
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ALWAYS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Inspect hand personal protective equipment for defects before use.
Wash all chemicals and fluids off gloves before removing them.
Ensure that gloves fit properly.
Use proper hand personal protective equipment for the job.
Follow manufacturer’s instructions on the care and use of the personal
protective equipment you are using.
Ensure exposed skin is covered (no gap between the sleeve and the hand
personal protective equipment).
NEVER
1.
2.
3.
Wear gloves when working with moving machinery (gloves can get
caught or tangled).
Wear hand personal protective equipment with metal parts near electrical
equipment.
Use gloves or hand protection that is worn out or defective.
Respiratory Protective Equipment
Respiratory protection falls into two categories.
1. The second category is ATMOSPHERE SUPPLY RESPIRATORS,
including self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) or supplied air
breathing apparatus (SABA) airline systems and protective suits that
completely enclose the worker and incorporate a life support system.
2. Only APRs will be dealt with here. The second category of respirators
requires much more specific information and training. If you need to use
atmosphere-supplying respirators, you should get expert advice.
APRs
There are two basic types of APRs:
1. Disposable filter type with or without charcoal or chemical filter “buttons”.
2. The reusable rubber facemask type with disposable or rechargeable cartridges.
The choice depends on your job, labour, cost and maintenance facility.
It is important to remember that APRs are limited to the areas where there is
sufficient oxygen to support life. APRs do not supply or make oxygen.
The service life is affected by the type of APR, the wearer’s breathing demand and
the concentration of airborne contaminants. When an APR is required, consult the
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS), OH&S or the supplier for the exact
specifications for the APR.
Facial hair can prevent a good seal and fit of an APR:
One to three days growth is the worst.
Follow the manufacturer’s instructions to the letter regarding the mask, filters,
cartridges and other components. Workers who must use respiratory protection
should be clean-shaven.
Rule of thumb “no more than 2 day’s growth”
An APR is only as good as its seal and the ability to filter out the contaminants it
was designed to filter.
COMBINATION RESPIRATORS
This type of APR combines separate chemical and mechanical filters. This allows
for the change of the different filters when one of them becomes plugged or
exhausted before the other filter (usually dust filter plugs up before the chemical
filter). This type of respirator is suitable for most spray painting and welding.
For more information:
1. Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS).
2. Alberta OH&S Statute and Regulations.
3. The local OH&S office.
4. The safety equipment supplier.
5. CSA Standards “Compressed Breathing Air” Z180.1-M1978.
6. “Selection, Care and Use of Respirators” Z94.4-M1982.
7. Chemical Hazards Regulations (Alberta Reg.8/82).
ALWAYS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Train workers very carefully in the APR’s use, care and limitations.
Ensure that respirators are properly cleaned and disinfected after each
shift, according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
Dispose of exhaust cartridges and masks in sealed bags or containers.
Keep new, unused filters separate from old, used filters.
Monitor APR use; they are useless just hung around the workers neck.
Replace filters when breathing becomes difficult.
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NEVER
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Use for protection against materials, which are toxic in small amounts.
Use with materials that are highly irritating to the eyes.
Use with gases that can’t be detected by odour, throat or nose irritation.
Use with gases not effectively halted by chemical cartridges regardless of
concentration (read the cartridge label).
Use respirators or masks if the serviceability is in doubt.
Use APRs where oxygen content in the air is less than 16% or 18
kilopascals (partial pressure or greater).
Protective Clothing
Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. will ensure that whenever an employee is in potential
danger from physical, chemical and / or biological hazards, the employee will wear
suitable protective clothing to protect his body from injury.
Information about specific protection from chemicals can be obtained from the
respective Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS).
For protection from cold temperatures, employees and sub-contractors are
recommended to wear layered clothing that can be removed or added as required.
Long sleeve clothing should be worn at all times for protection from sunburns,
scratches, insects and excessive dirt.
Baggy, loose or torn clothing will not be permitted on the worksite.
GLOVES
Gloves may be required to provide hand protection for the employee. For normal
work, cotton or leather gloves are appropriate.
Specialized gloves will be required to protect the employee against the effects of
chemicals, heat and cold, sharp objects, electric shock or abrasions.
Information on the type of hand protection required to prevent chemical exposure
can be found in the Materials Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) manual.
FIRE RESISTANT WORKWEAR
Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. will require employees and sub-contractors to have
available, and wear, suitable Fire- resistant clothing whenever they are potentially
exposed to a flammable and / or combustible atmosphere.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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FIRE RESISTANT CLOTHING
Workers involved on worksites or in operations that have been classed, or having a
fire and explosion hazard, will be required to wear the following:
OUTER CLOTHING
Materials that is inherently non-flammable and does not melt when exposed to heat.
Material that does not cause a build-up of static electricity.
EXAMPLES:
1. Nomex 111, Proban Cotton
2. PBI (Polybenzimidazole Fiber), Flamex, Cotton
3. Wool, Melton, Leather
Hardhat liners will also be required to be fire resistant.
INNER CLOTHING
Material that does not melt when exposed to heat:
EXAMPLES
Cotton / Denim / Silk
NOTE: Nylon and 100% polyester clothing will not be accepted as inner or
outer clothing on an industrial worksite.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Every worker shall provide and wear clothing suitable for the conditions
and work being performed.
Shirts and full length trousers or pants shall be worn at all times while on
the job.
Close fitting and clean-cut clothing shall be worn.
Head and facial hair shall be completely confined or cut short.
Dangling neckwear, neckties, jewelry, rings or other similar items shall
NOT be worn.
Hard hats must be worn at all times (except while operating mobile
equipment).
Proper goggles, face shields and other eye protection must be worn when
engaged in work where there is an eye hazard.
A worker shall wear CSA approved work boots.
Workers shall wear suitable protective clothing when handling harmful
substances injurious to the skin.
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SECTION 7 - PREVENTATIVE MAINTENANCE
PROGRAM
Vehicle and Equipment Maintenance
Overview of Code of Practice
This COP contains the basic practices of vehicle and equipment maintenance to be
implemented at the main corporate office. The purpose of this COP is to provide a
set of guidelines for the workers regarding vehicle maintenance and the maintenance
of equipment used in the business operations.
Standards and Specifications
1.
2.
3.
4.
Conduct vehicle maintenance operation only with designated service
agencies.
Whenever possible, perform all vehicle and equipment maintenance
activities at an indoor location with a concrete floor.
Always use drip pans.
Absorbent spill clean-up materials shall be available in maintenance areas
and shall be disposed of properly after use.
Waste Management – Spill Prevention, Containment and
Countermeasures
1.
2.
3.
Do not dump or dispose of oils, grease, fluids and lubricants onto the
ground.
Do not dump or dispose of batteries, used oils, antifreeze and other toxic
fluids into a storm drain or any other watercourse.
Collect wastes in properly labelled containers and dispose of them
properly.
Spill Response and Reporting
1.
2.
3.
Conduct cleanups of any fuel spills immediately after discovery.
Spills are to be cleaned up using dry cleaning methods only. Spills shall be
cleaned with a dry, absorbent material and the area is to be swept clean.
Collected waste is to be disposed of properly.
Maintenance and Inspection
1.
Periodically check for leaks and damaged equipment and make repairs as
necessary.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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Vehicle and Equipment Maintenance Procedures
Vehicle Inspection
1.
2.
Using the vehicle inspection form, ensure daily pre and post trip inspections
take place.
File Vehicle Inspection Forms in a separate Vehicle Inspection File for each
vehicle.
Vehicle Maintenance
1.
2.
Create a Vehicle Maintenance File for each vehicle.
Attach to front of each Vehicle Maintenance File a schedule of
preventive maintenance to be accomplished.
3. Attach to front of Vehicle Maintenance File a log summarizing all
scheduled and unscheduled maintenance activities which were
accomplished.
4. Utilize the Preventive Maintenance Form for all scheduled maintenance.
Have maintenance provider indicate on form what scheduled maintenance
took place.
5. Attach to Preventive Maintenance Form any work orders, purchase
orders and/or invoices related to that particular piece of scheduled
maintenance work.
6. File in the vehicle maintenance file the Preventive Maintenance Form
with attachments.
7. When a running maintenance problem occurs and the maintenance
required is not scheduled, have the driver fill out the top part of the
Vehicle Defect Form.
8. Have the maintenance provider fill out the bottom of the Vehicle Defect
Form indicating how the problem was corrected.
9. Attach to the Vehicle Defect Form any work orders, purchase orders
and/or invoices related to that particular piece of unscheduled maintenance
work.
10. File in the Vehicle Maintenance File the Vehicle Defect Form with
attachments.
11. Keep Vehicle Maintenance File for each vehicle in chronological order
or maintenance activities which took place.
Vehicle Inspection Policy
In keeping with current legislation and safety considerations, Alberta Fire & Flood
has adopted a Vehicle Inspection Policy.
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1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
™
All personnel driving company vehicles are responsible for the health
and safety of any passengers. There is NO SMOKING in any company
vehicles.
Driving a company vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or
drugs is reason for immediate dismissal.
If your driver’s license is suspended for any reason, inform your Crew
Chief and Safety Coordinator as soon as possible.
Each vehicle will be equipped with a 2lb fire extinguisher and First Aid
Kit with visible signage in the rear window, a driver hazard vest and
emergency triangles.
Every vehicle will have an informal inspection performed daily, prior to
use. Walk around your vehicle. This inspection should include tires,
brakes, gas, head and tail lights. This inspection should be noted in your
daily operations reporting.
A formal inspection should be done monthly using the Vehicle
Inspection Form. This should be passed in to the Safety Coordinator for
perusal and major repair decisions. Minor repairs, tires and servicing are
to be booked by the driver, with the authorization of Management.
The information in this policy does not take precedence over applicable
government legislation, with which all workers should be familiar.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
146
¥
20 000 km or 12 months
¥
25 000 km or 15 months
¥
30 000 km or 18 months
¥
35 000 km or 21 months
¥
40 000 km or 24 months
¥
45 000 km or 27 months
¥
50 000 km or 30 months
¥
55 000 km or 33 months
¥
60 000 km or 36 months
¥
65 000 km or 39 months
¥
70 000 km or 42 months
¥
75 000 km or 45 months
¥
80 000 km or 48 months
¥
85 000 km or 51 months
¥
90 000 km or 54 months
¥
95 000 km or 57 months
¥
100 000 km or 60 months
¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
Transmission Service
15 000 km or 9 months
Engine Service
¥
Cooling System
10 000 km or 6 months
Brake Inspection
¥
Wheel Balancing
5 000 km or 3 months
Tire Rotation
Number
of
Kilometers
Oil Change
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¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
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Cleaning
Testing
Equipment
Safety Check
Cleaning
Testing
Equipment
Safety Check
Equipment Preventative Maintenan
Fork Lift
¥
Extension Cords
¥
¥
Scissor Lifts
¥
Wobble Lights
¥
¥
Dehumidifiers
¥
¥
Power Drills
¥
¥
Fans
¥
¥
Table Saw
¥
¥
Blowers
¥
¥
Air Tools
¥
¥
Vacuum Cleaners
¥
¥
Framing Nailers
¥
¥
Ozone Machine
¥
¥
Fencing Trailer
¥
Scrubbers
¥
¥
Trailers
¥
¥
¥
Hydoxyl
Machine
¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
NIKRO Hepa
Scrubber
¥
¥
¥
¥
¥
Extension
Ladders
¥
Texture Machine
Paint Machines
Step Ladders
¥
Tested only if machines are used on mould jobs.
Safety Checks are done before the equipment is used on any job
Equipment is cleaned immediately when it is returned to the shop.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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Preventative Maintenance Procedure
The Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. Policy for Tools and Equipment and Maintenance
espouses that quality work requires quality equipment. Regular inspection, cleaning
and maintenance of tools and equipment is the responsibility of all Alberta Fire &
Flood employees. All tools and equipment must be kept in an excellent state of
repair at all times.
1.
Tools or equipment needing repair are to be tagged out and placed in the
Tool Repair Bin. Defective Tools or equipment shall then be repaired by a
Manufacturer’s authorized repair person.
All tools and equipment shall be inspected upon return to the shop.
No worker should re-start a tool without a basic visual inspection.
All Crew Chiefs must ensure their workers are aware of this policy and the
process to follow if a tool needs repair.
Crew Chiefs will monitor workers to ensure the program is being adhered to.
All workers must be familiar with the manufacturer requirements for safe
operation shall ensure their tools are used in accordance with manufacturer
and regulatory standards.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Regular inspection, cleaning and maintenance of tools and equipment is the
responsibility of all Alberta Fire & Flood workers. All tools and equipment must be
maintained in an excellent state of repair at all times, as per applicable legislation.
There is a clearly marked ‘Repair’ bin for those tools that need servicing.
Inspection & Repair Policy
1.
2.
3.
4.
Formal tool and equipment inspections will be done as per the schedule.
All tools and equipment shall be cleaned and inspected upon return to the
shop. An Equipment Sign-out Sheet is available to check-in/check-out
items and these must be dated and signed by the worker taking the
equipment. The worker who signed the check-out sheet is responsible to
return the item clean and in good working condition.
Check prior to use: electrical cords, On/Off switches, Safe guards, fluids,
shafts, casing, blade/disc condition, batteries and all components and/or
accessories
Visual inspection of equipment and tools should be done each time you
return to work (in the morning, after lunch). Defective equipment must be
given a repair tag and removed from service. Tools/
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5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Tools/ equipment requiring service shall be tagged with a “Repair” tag, the
date, worker’s name and the problem written on the tag. Any necessary
comments should also be written on this tag. The Safety Coordinator will
keep a log of all tools sent out for servicing, when and where and the date
of return.
Tools/equipment requiring re-certification will be tagged with a ‘Re-Cert’
tag and brought to the Repair bin for action by the Crew Chief. The Safety
Coordinator will send the item out to an authorized dealer or
dealer/manufacturer approved repair shop. A log of all tools/equipment
sent out for re-certification will also be kept by the Safety Coordinator.
All servicing of tools and equipment will be done by authorized
dealer/manufacturer approved repair facilities.
It is the responsibility of the Orientation to ensure that all workers are
familiar with this system and the responsibility of the Crew Chief to
ensure this system is followed by all workers.
It is the responsibility of every worker to ensure that he/she is wearing
proper PPE when working with any tool or piece of equipment. Proper
PPE can be determined by checking Safe Work Practices, Safe Job
Procedures or manufacturer’s instructions.
The Vehicle Inspection Policy is covered under that section of this manual.
™
The information in this policy does not take precedence over applicable
government legislation, with which all workers should be familiar.
Care, Control and Custody of Customer Vehicles
Introduction
Emergency vehicle drivers have in their care, custody and control most of the major
assets possessed by the Emergency Response services (the vehicle and all the
portable medical equipment). Emergency vehicle drivers also have a higher standard
of care to provide and must make every attempt possible to provide due regard for
the health and safety of others. Drivers must constantly monitor and reduce the
amount of risk and exposure to potential losses during each and every trip. In order
to accomplish this, all emergency vehicle drivers shall become familiar with, and
constantly abide by the following procedures.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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Procedures
1.
2.
3.
Circle of Safety
a. Prior to entering and starting the vehicle, the emergency vehicle
driver shall make a circle of safety around the vehicle to see that all
equipment is secured, that all doors are securely closed and physical
obstructions moved out of the way. During the circle of safety the
emergency vehicle driver shall encircle the vehicles and visually
inspect all four sides before entering the vehicle.
Vehicle Control and Right-of-Way
a. All drivers shall attempt to maintain control of the vehicle that they
are operating in such a manner as to provide the maximum level of
safety for both themselves and the general public.
b. All drivers shall follow the rule for safe following distance and allow
1 second of following distance for every 3 meters of vehicle length
for speeds under 50 kilometres per hour and add 1 additional second
for each 10 kilometres per hour for speed over 50 kilometres per
hours.
Ordinary Travel Procedures
a. All drivers shall obey all traffic laws and traffic control devices when
driving any emergency vehicle under ordinary travel conditions. Any
driver observed breaking any traffic laws or driving any vehicle in an
aggressive manner will be subject to disciplinary action, including
suspension of driving privileges.
Emergency Vehicle Driver Acknowledgement
4.
Backing Up the Emergency Vehicle
a. We recognize that backing emergency vehicles is made hazardous by
the fact that the driver cannot see much of where he/she intends to go.
We recommend that whenever possible drivers should avoid backing
up as the safest way to back up a vehicle is not to back up at all.
When it is necessary to back-up any emergency vehicle all drivers
shall follow one of the two following measures.
b. Our first choice is that before any vehicle is put into reverse and
backed up that a spotter be put in place near the rear of the vehicle.
The spotter should be safely positioned so that the emergency vehicle
driver can them him/her at all times. If at any time the emergency
vehicle driver loses sight of the spotter, he/she shall stop immediately
until the spotter makes himself/herself visible again.
c. If conditions exist that make the use of spotters impossible, all
drivers, before attempting to back up any emergency vehicle, shall
make a circle of safety to see that:
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i.
ii.
iii.
No person or persons are directly behind the vehicle or in its
intended path of travel;
All equipment is secured and that all compartment doors are
securely closed;
Any physical obstructions are moved out of the way. The
emergency vehicle driver should also note all potential
obstructions in the intended path of travel.
Emergency Vehicle Driver Acknowledgement
I, _____________________________________ acknowledge that I have received a
copy of the Alberta Fire and Flood’s Code of Practice for the Care, Control and
Custody of Emergency Vehicles and have also been trained and understand the
items and instructions contained in this COP. I also understand the importance of
safe operation of the Emergency vehicles and will abide by all of the tactical and
administrative operating guidelines contained in this document.
Signed: ______________________________________
Date: ________________________________________
Original: Personnel File
Copy: Alberta Fire and Flood’s authorize driver
Alberta Fire and Flood’s Driver Policy
All personnel who will be certified to operate a motorized vehicle with Alberta Fire
and Flood will meet the following requirements:
1. AFF will obtain a driving record on all employees at their time of hire.
Employment will be dependent on your driving record. Current driving
records on employees will be maintained by AFF management;
2. Must be at least eighteen years of age;
3. Must have the approval of Management before beginning Defensive
Driver training.
4. Must successfully complete a Defensive Driving Course;
5. Must not have accumulated more than 6 traffic demerit points during the
two years prior to the start of your employment at AFF;
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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6.
7.
Have not been convicted of any of the following violations within the last
5 years immediately prior to the start of their employment at AFF:
a. Driving while intoxicated;
b. Impaired driving;
c. Reckless driving;
d. Driving while under the influence of drugs and/or alcohol.
You must notify management of any changes in the status of your driving
record, such as tickets, restrictions, suspensions, etc. Failure to notify
management of these changes will result in disciplinary action up to and
including termination of employment.
ALL PERSONNEL MUST HAVE AND CONTINUE TO MEET THE REQUIREMENTS OF THIS
POLICY TO OPERATE AN AFF OWNED MOTOR VEHICLE. FINAL APPROVAL,
DISAPPROVAL, REVOCATION OF A DRIVER’S PRIVILEGE WILL RESIDE WITH THE
MANAGEMENT OF AFF.
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SECTION 8 - TRAINING and COMMUNICATIONS
Safety Training
Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. is committed to the ongoing education of its workers
maintaining a workforce that is properly trained and competent.
The purpose of this policy is to ensure that all employees of Alberta Fire & Flood
receive sufficient general and specialized training and that productive safety
meetings are held regularly throughout the company.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
It is required that all new employees participate in an orientation and pass a
comprehension quiz regarding that orientation prior to beginning work at
Alberta Fire & Flood jobsites.
Training records will be maintained for each employee along with expiration
dates. It is the responsibility of the Safety Manager to ensure that employee
certifications are maintained current.
New employees will be asked to produce proof of training and AB Driver’s
License.
The First Aid Training Policy is that one in four of all employees shall be
trained in Standard First Aid w/CPR, 2 day course. As a condition of
employment, Alberta Fire & Flood requires every new employee to certify or
re-certify in this first aid course. Upon successful completion of the 90
Probationary period, and with submission of a paid receipt, Alberta Fire &
Flood will reimburse the new employee for the cost of the course.
It shall be the responsibility of the Safety Manager to evaluate the training
needs of employees on a regular basis and to implement training as required.
Project Managers are required to consult with the Safety Manager at the project
planning stage if specialized training needs are foreseeable.
All in-house (on-site or otherwise) training will be performed by competent
individuals.
All workers will receive their general WHMIS as it is required on most of our
jobsites. The Safety Manager will be responsible to train new employees in
WHMIS.
Workers must be trained in the safe operation of the equipment they are
required to operate.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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Safety Meetings
1.
Alberta Fire & Flood Crew Chiefs are responsible for leading and documenting
Toolbox Safety Meetings. Documentation includes the date, the location or job
number, topics discussed and the printed names and signatures of every
participant.
2. A Toolbox Safety Meeting will take place at the beginning of every job,
with attendance being mandatory.
3. The Safety Manager will formulate an Agenda for, and schedule Monthly
Safety Meetings.
4. Monthly mandatory Safety Meetings will be held and will include the
review of at least one SWP or SJP. All attendees will sign the attendance
sheet and minutes will be taken and posted.
5. It is the sub-contractors responsibility to ensure that all sub-trade workers
are adequately trained to perform their job duties safely.
Courses
Alberta Fire & Flood will assume all costs associated with improving the quality and
standards of service and safety subject to the following:
1. Management approval must be obtained prior to course enrollment.
2. Employee must successfully complete the course.
Furthermore:
If it is determined by management that an employee requires job specific
training, he/she will receive his/her regular hourly wage; however, if the
employee has requested training outside of the necessary to perform his
assigned duties, he/she may not be paid his regular wage. Management will
review each request individually and a decision will be made on, among other
factors, merit and applicability to current and future projects.
The information in this policy does not take precedence over applicable
government legislation, with which all workers should be familiar.
TRAINING REQUIREMENTS
As a requirement of current Alberta regulations, employers are required to provide
training for workers who may be exposed to a harmful environment at a work site.
All Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. employees will require training in the following
programs:
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TRAINING PROGRAMS and FREQUENCY
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
WHMIS ( Workplace Hazardous Material Information System)
Fire Extinguisher, Use and Maintenance
Hearing Conservation
Emergency Response Procedure
Standard / Emergency First Aid
Specific Safe Job procedures
Incident / Accident Reporting
H2S training
Confined Space Training
3 years
3 years
As required
As required
3 years
As required
As required
3 years
3 years
When the term “as required” is used to determine the frequency of re-training, it is
assumed that the worker will have or, will receive the initial training as he/she is
hired. The management will determine the need for any subsequent training.
Many of the required training courses can be procured from independent consulting
firms or training institutions. These courses however, tend to provide general
information only.
Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. will evaluate each course syllabus to determine the
effectiveness of the course material. Additional on-site training may be required to
complete the training requirements.
A training record will be maintained on each employee. The records will be checked
semi-annually to determine the requirements for employee training.
Unless special arrangements are made, Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. will not be
required to provide safety training for sub-contractors. All contractors have the
responsibility to ensure that they and their employees have received adequate
training acceptable to Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. standards before commencing a
task.
Safety Orientation for New Employees Training Outcome
Alberta Fire & Flood will provide a high quality Safety Orientation to all newly
hired employees.
The orientation is to include the review of the sections of the Safety Manual with the
new hire and getting him/her to sign off that they have understood the information
explained to them. This is done with the use of a quiz.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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The Safety Orientation is to inform them of their rights and obligations and the
company expectation of employee conduct regarding health and safety on the job.
A new hire Safety Orientation is mandatory by Company Policy.
Safety orientation will give the Safety Manager a chance to get a better
understanding for the new hire’s experience and common knowledge of safety in
construction.
There are 13 sections to the Alberta Fire & Flood Safety Manual:
1. Company Policy
This is the statement informing the new hire that the company will never
knowingly put them at risk or make them perform any unsafe tasks. Discuss
the Refusing Unsafe Work and the requirement to report all unsafe acts.
2. Hazard Assessment
This section let the new hire know that Alberta Fire & Flood performs
scheduled hazard assessments, at the start of projects and whenever the scope
of work changes. The new hire needs to know that he will be expected to
participate in the Hazard Assessment process.
3. Practices & Procedures
Let the new hire know that he/she is to review the SWP and SJP prior to
performing a task that may be foreign to them or if they are uncertain of how
Alberta Fire & Flood wants the task done. Inform the new hire that a copy is
in the Safety Manual and a copy of the Safety Manual is available at the head
office for referencing. Questions will be promptly answered.
4. Rules & Regulations
The WH&S Regulations are the rules that Alberta Fire & Flood complies
with and the new hire is to comply with these regulations as instructed by the
Crew Chief. Inform the new hire that a copy of the Red Book (show it) is
available at the office. Cover the Alberta Fire & Flood Company Rules and
discuss expectations briefly. Discuss the 3-strike rule. Discuss the
Harassment Policy.
5. Personal Protective Equipment
The new hire should know that they are expected to wear appropriate
clothing for a construction site. Discuss no shorts, undershirts (muscle
shirts), sneakers, etc. An acceptable shirt would be a t-shirt with an approx.
6” sleeve. Discuss mandatory PPE (HH/glasses/boots) and Alberta fire &
Flood funding policy for CSA approved boots. Specialized PPE will be
supplied at Alberta Fire & Flood’s cost. Training will be provided when
necessary. Discuss that not wearing PPE carries consequences.
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6.
7.
8.
9.
Preventative Maintenance
Simple: If it is broken, Alberta Fire & Flood will take action to have it fixed.
Explain the tag-out system and show them the repair bin. Explain the need
for pre-use inspection, not using damaged extension cords, not using tools
with improper, removed or broken safety devices. Never work with damaged
tools or equipment.
If the new hire will be issued a vehicle, discuss the Vehicle Inspection
Policy.
Training & Communication
The new hire needs to understand that company training ranges from
Toolbox Meetings to Mould or Asbestos Awareness. Discuss mandatory
attendance at Safety Meetings and the H&S Committee and their duties.
Discuss the Working Alone Policy.
Alberta Fire & Flood cooperates with the ACSA in their effort to establish a
training program and all training is reported to them. This will enable
companies to confirm worker training even when certificates are lost or not
issued.
Alberta Fire & Flood will pay for any specialized training required by the
company. Discuss Toolbox Meetings and their training value.
It is very important that you discuss the Modified or Light Duties Program. If
Modified or Light duties are assigned and refused, the worker runs the risk of
losing WCB benefits and his employment. A company is not allowed to
assign demeaning modified duties.
ALL WORKERS MUST BE WHMIS TRAINED.
Safety Inspections
Discuss the Inspection Policy with the new hire and that all results will be
posted. Let the employee know that he/she will be expected to take part in
inspections from time to time.
Incident & Accident Investigations
Inform the new hire that all accidents and incidents, including near miss
incidents are reported. That by reporting and tracking these incidents we can
establish the areas where more training is required or proper PPE is not being
used, etc. We can also prevent re-occurrence.
Alberta Fire & Flood cooperates with the ACSA in their effort to establish a
statistical database of accidents and incidents, therefore, all accidents or
incidents are reported to them voluntarily. This will help companies to train
prior to necessity.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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10.
11.
12.
13.
All employees are expected to cooperate during an investigation and will be
expected to provide all and any pertinent information they may have, have
heard, or have seen, to the investigator.
Emergency Preparedness
Discuss the air horn and the emergency signals. Discuss the Muster Point
and Emergency Response Plan and procedure. Let them know they may be
given a supporting role (ie: directing the ambulance from the main road).
Discuss Fire Extinguishers and how to use them. Evacuation or return to
work is established at the Muster Point by the Crew Chief.
WCB forms must be filled out for all injuries whether you have lost time or
not, along with an Accident/Injury Report.
Records & Statistics
As a company we keep track of information to measure our performance. We
cooperate with ACSA efforts to establish databases for easy referencing.
Environment
Let the new hire know that Alberta Fire & Flood complies with all
environmental laws as we frequently work with contaminated materials. We
dispose of contaminated materials as required.
H&S Committee
Briefly discuss the role and duties of the members of the H&S Committee
and frequency of meeting.
SAFETY MEETINGS
Safety meetings are important forums where information and ideas can be
transferred from management to the employees and vice versa. The singular
objective at all safety meetings should be to enhance the safety awareness of the
participants. There are two (2) types of safety meetings currently in use at Alberta
Fire & Flood Ltd.
Scheduled Safety Meetings and Job-Site Toolbox Meetings
1.
2.
3.
Safety meetings will be held every month or sooner, depending on
company operations or unforeseen circumstances.
These meetings will be held at a convenient time and location to ensure
that the majority of employees can attend.
Either the Safety Manager or his designate will chair the safety meetings.
All employees are encouraged to participate at the meeting.
Job-Site Toolbox Meeting
Before starting any job involving more than one employee and where there is a
reasonable possibility that, employees could be injured, a job-site toolbox meeting
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will be held. The senior Alberta Fire and Flood Ltd. representative on the worksite
will direct the meeting.
The topics included in the pre-job toolbox meeting include:
1. A complete list of Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. employees and subcontractors
working on the jobsite. (All personnel must print and sign in)
2. Date, address and job or file number must be included
3. Description of the job, including any possible interference. (work permit).
4. Expected time (duration of job)
5. Specific employee’s responsibility during normal operations and during an
emergency. (perform a head count)
6. Availability and location of site and personal protective equipment.
7. Contingency plan.
8. Emergency response.
Sub-Contractor Safety Agreement
Alberta Fire & Flood is committed to providing the best most efficient service
available. In keeping with this, we are instituting a Safety Policy to manage jobsite
safety and reporting obligations. Frequently Alberta Fire & Flood will perform
Prime Contractor duties.
As such, certain requirements are necessarily performed by our sub-contractors.
1. No sub-trade will be on an Alberta Fire & Flood jobsite without a certified
Journeyman present at all times.
2. All sub-contractors are required to adhere to the Alberta Fire & Flood Safety
Manual minimally.
3. Fall Protection Plans are to be forwarded to our Safety Manager prior to
commencing work.
4. Work boots, hardhat and safety glasses are the minimum PPE and all workers
must wear them or have them readily available.
5. Appropriate clothing must be worn by all workers on site. CSA approved work
boots, jeans or workpants, t-shirts with an approx. 6” sleeve and work shirts are
appropriate. Not appropriate are: sneakers or any other non-CSA approved
footwear, undershirts (muscle shirts), shorts and extremely baggy jeans.
6. All workers must receive a Site Safety Orientation prior to entering the
worksite.
7. All visitors must sign in and out and be provided with the necessary PPE.
8. Toolbox Safety Meetings: The Crew Chief of all sub-trades MUST attend
Alberta Fire & Flood Safety Meetings. If his crew does not attend these
meetings, the sub-trade Crew Chief must hold a Safety Meeting and cover at
least those topics covered in the Alberta Fire & Flood Meeting. A copy of the
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9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
Minutes of the sub-trade meeting, along with written attendance must be
provided to Alberta Fire & Flood.
Copies of all training certificates must be provided to Alberta Fire & Flood
prior to a worker entering the worksite.
Sub-trade workers must be trained in WHMIS.
Sub-trades are required to immediately provide MSDS to the Crew Chief for all
hazardous goods brought on site.
Sub-trade workers must be trained in First Aid if not accompanied by a first aid
trained Alberta Fire & Flood worker.
Hazard Assessments must be done at the start of the job and every time the
scope of work changes. Copies of All Hazard Assessments must be provided to
Alberta Fire & Flood.
Alberta Fire & Flood has adopted a 3-Strike disciplinary action plan. This
policy will also apply to all sub-trades.
Housekeeping – all sub-trades are to maintain a clean work area. All garbage
must be disposed of and tools put away nightly. It is the policy of Alberta Fire
& Flood to clean and/or sweep their work area prior to going home at night.
All incidents, including Near-Miss Incidents will be reported to the Alberta Fire
& Flood Crew Chief.
Any and all tools and equipment brought onto the worksite by the sub-trade
shall be in safe operating condition and used only by competent workers.
Sub-contractor Name: ____________________________________________
Address: ______________________________________________________
Authorized Signature of Acceptance:
_____________________________________________
Print Name/Title:
_________________________________________________________
Date: _______________________________________________________
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SECTION 9 - INSPECTIONS
The purpose of this Safety Inspections Policy is to control the loss of human and
physical resources by identifying and correcting unsafe actions and conditions.
Inspections aid in enhancing compliance to legislated requirements and worker
compliance to company policy. Inspections also help management identify where
improvements can be made. By observing work practices and physical conditions,
we are able to identify situations where a potential for injury or loss may occur.
Inspections of construction activities will document and verify compliance with
Federal, Provincial OH&S and Municipal regulations.
Definition
Inspection: A physical condition evaluation of a work area or process to identify
levels of compliance with established safe work practices, procedures, general rules
and safety standards.
Safety Audit: An evaluation used to determine an organization’s compliance to its
established Safety System. Audits include inspections as part of its overall
evaluation.
An inspection will cause the recognition, assessment and control of sub-standard
acts, conditions, practices or procedures observed while performing site duties.
Information gathered during inspections will be used as a learning tool to help in the
development of better controls and to help us recognize hazardous situations and
minimize or eliminate them.
Since Alberta Fire & Flood generally performs work of a short duration (days rather
than weeks), an alternate schedule has been adopted. Informal Inspections are to be
performed quarterly with Formal Yearly Inspections taking place as per the
Inspection Policy.
All inspections will be reviewed by the Safety Manager and the Project Manager
and any concerns will be addressed immediately. The Safety Manager will monitor
the reporting to determine if the findings indicate a need for specific or additional
action or training.
The information in this policy does not take precedence over applicable
government legislation, with which all workers should be familiar.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
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Safety Inspections
Safety inspections of company activities and company owned worksites will be
performed periodically to identify unsafe acts and conditions that could potentially
cause or create injuries or property damage.
The inspections are a gauge by which the employees and subcontractors can
determine how effective they are in promoting safety attitudes and actions in the
workplace. The inspections will be performed by Supervisors and are designed to
acknowledge good, acceptable performances as well as unacceptable performances.
The inspection report is designed for company use and is not intended to replace
accepted reports or inspection forms developed for specific situations or designed to
comply with specific Alberta Regulations.
Responsibilities
The Safety Manager is responsible for the overall operation of the program.
The Safety Manager is responsible for directing formal inspections on job sites that
they control and for involving workers in such inspections.
Supervisors are responsible for conducting ongoing informal inspections of areas
where their crews are working.
Workers are responsible for participating in and contributing to the Inspection
Program.
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SECTION 10 - INVESTIGATIONS
Investigation Policy
Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. requires all incidents or accidents involving employees
and/or equipment to be reported and investigated, as per applicable legislation.
Timely and accurate reporting is. Reporting and investigations are critical in the
prevention of similar occurrences. Investigations are intended to determine the root
cause of an incident, not to assign blame.
The following types of accidents will be formally investigated:
1. Accidents that result in injuries requiring off-site medical aid.
2. Accidents that cause property damage or interrupt operation with potential
loss exceeding $2,000.
3. Injuries that have the potential to result in one or both of the above.
4. All incidents that, by regulation must be reported to WH&S, WCB or
regulatory agencies.
5. Formal investigations are required any time the Fire Department, Police or
ambulance or any other emergency response service has been called. The
Crew Chief is required to report to the Safety Coordinator immediately if
any of the above services have been called to an Alberta Fire & Flood
worksite. The Safety Coordinator will then report to the appropriate
agencies and management, as required.
Alberta Fire & Flood will investigate incidents so that root causes can be
determined and corrective actions can be implemented to prevent recurrence.
1. Investigations are to include the worker involved if possible, the Crew
Chief, Project Manager and, depending on the severity of the incident, the
Safety Coordinator.
2. In situations involving substantial injury or loss, preserve the accident
scene to ensure important evidence is not disturbed or lost and details are
not forgotten. This is required by law for any serious injury or accident.
The information in this policy does not take precedence over applicable
government legislation, with which all workers should be familiar.
*The safety information in this policy does not take precedence
Incident Reporting and Investigation
An “incident” is defined as any downgrading, unforeseen occurrence that causes or
has the potential to cause:
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Personal Injury; and / or Property Damage
Incidents are classified in the following ways:
1. First Aid Injury.
2. Lost Time Injury.
3. Partial or Permanent Disability.
4. Property Damage Above a Certain Cost.
5. Environmental and / or Social Impact.
All incidents exact a price; this price can be manifested in reduced efficiency, pain
and suffering and / or loss of money and time.
The reason for an incident investigation is to determine the cause of an incident in
order to prevent the incident from recurring. It is not designed to lay blame.
The size of incident is not important. It has been proven that large, serious incidents
were preceded by a number of seemingly unimportant small incidents.
NOTIFICATION OF NEXT – OF - KIN
Under no circumstances should the name of an accident victim or fatality
be released without permission from the management of our company
and/ or the R.C.M.P.
It is important that the employee’s next of kin be notified as soon as possible. The
names, addresses and telephone numbers of next of kin are included in the
employee’s personnel file.
FATAL INJURY
This notification should only be made in person and only with the family, clergy,
doctor or friend. The R.C.M.P. or city police will assist with the notification
whenever possible and will ensure the notification is complete.
Never release the victim’s name until the next of kin is notified.
MEDIA RELATIONS
If the company should arrive at the scene of an emergency before the company has
prepared a statement, the senior Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. representative at the
scene of the emergency is authorized to release the following statement:
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“We are currently dealing with the emergency situation to ensure the
safety of personnel, property, public and the environment. A more
comprehensive statement will be released as soon as more factual
information has been determined”.
Do not speculate on the cause of the emergency or provide the media with any type
of statement that is “OFF THE RECORD”.
Before admitting the media onto Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. property, the senior
Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. representative shall ensure that the area is absolutely safe
and admittance will not hamper emergency services or investigations. The media
shall always be accompanied while on Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. property or any
site or property under the care, custody and control of Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd.
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SECTION 11 - EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS
The first priority in any emergency response situation is the health and safety of our
employees, sub-contractors and the general public.
A viable emergency response plan (ERP) shall be in place on all of our jobsites and
all company offices. This plan shall be an integral part of all job pre-planning
processes. These plans shall be designed to reduce or eliminate the effects of
accidents or incidents related to the failure of administrative or engineered controls
put in place by Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd., our sub-contractors or our clients. All
projects shall be reviewed to identify their specific emergency preparedness
requirements.
First Aid personnel and equipment shall meet or exceed all relevant legislation.
Included in the Emergency Response Plan will be:
1. the address of the location of the jobsite,
2. the emergency phone numbers for all pertinent utilities: gas, water,
electricity,
3. the office phone number, along with home or cell phone numbers for the
Safety Coordinator and the Project Manager, and
4. a map clearly showing where the site Muster Point shall be or definitive
and noted discussion during the initial Safety Meeting of its location,
along with building exits.
This Emergency Response Plan will be prominently posted and reviewed, along
with air horn signals and procedures, with all workers at the pre-commencement
Toolbox Safety Meeting.
The Project Manager and Crew Chief, in cooperation with the Safety Manager is
responsible for the formulation and posting of the Site Emergency Response Plan.
The Crew Chief is responsible to review the ERP as the scope of work changes to
ensure continued effectiveness.
A pro-active Emergency Response Plan pre-planning process will reduce the
potential for accidents, incidents and injuries.
The information in this policy does not take precedence over applicable
government legislation, with which all workers should be familiar.
**The safety information in this policy does not take precedence **
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A properly executed response to an emergency will minimize the negative effect on
people, property, the environment and the daily operation of Alberta Fire & Flood.
Identify the risks that occur in our workplace based on the type of work and tasks
performed that have the potential for loss. Once we identify the associated risks, we
can look at emergency scenarios and ensure that:
1. an effective communication system is in place for both onsite and offsite
communication,
2. the appropriate level of first aid and transportation requirements,
particularly in remote locations,
3. every worker involved in the project is aware of their Emergency
Response role.
Check and maintain all emergency equipment including Fire Extinguisher inspection
and tags, First Aid Kit stock and air horn reliability.
Classify the emergency so everyone knows what they will be dealing with.
1. Minor: can be handled by on site First Aid station. Has the potential of
danger to personnel, the public, environment or equipment.
2. Serious: Injuries that include off-site medical aid and loss time accidents.
3. Major: Death, dismemberment, long term loss time, explosion, fire, flood,
crane failing and two or more days in the hospital require reporting to the
WCB and/or OH&S.
Fire Calls
1. Is everyone out of the building?
2. If not, where in the building are they located?
3. Where is the fire located in the building?
4. Tell the operator if any chemicals are in the building.
5. Is an ambulance required?
6. Have someone meet the fire crew/ambulance.
Dangerous Goods Spill
1. Are there any injuries?
2. What product was spilled?
3. How many liters?
4. Exact location of accident.
5. Is an ambulance required?
6. Is spill under control?
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Medical Aid Calls
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Patient complaint.
Is patient conscious?
yes / no
Is patient alert?
yes / no
Difficulty breathing?
yes / no
Approximate age of patient?
Male or female?
Vehicle Accident
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
Are there any injuries?
If so, how many?
Ambulance required?
Are there any fuel leaks?
How many vehicles are involved?
Location of accident?
Heart Attack!! Tell operator if someone has first aid and has started CPR.
Tell operator if someone has first aid and has started CPR.
Emergency Response Plan
STAY CALM
NOTIFY ALL SITE PERSONNEL
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Stop all work.
Lower all loads.
Shut down all equipment and tools.
Evacuate the site and assemble at muster station.
Work to be resumed only under the direction of Prime Contractor.
SUPERVISORS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Call the Construction Manager or Superintendent.
Designate personnel to direct traffic on site.
Assign person to meet emergency vehicles(s).
Perform name check-off at muster station.
Assist with emergency (but do not hinder).
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COMMUNICATIONS DESIGNATE
Under the direction of Supervisors – Call for necessary emergency vehicles giving:
1. Your name.
2. Location.
3. Type of emergency.
4. Entrance route scene.
PROJECT FIRST AIDERS
1.
2.
3.
Perform the necessary First Aid.
Phone for any needed materials or information.
Assist with the emergency.
**This emergency plan is only to be used if the Prime Contractor has not
provided one on site**
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SECTION 12 - RECORDS, STATISTICS and MODIFIED DUTY
Statistics and Record Keeping
Alberta Fire & Flood has instituted a record keeping system to keep an inventory of
tools and equipment and tracks and records all scheduled tools/equipment
maintenance and all tools/equipment requiring regulatory re-certification.
Training records will be maintained for each employee along with expiration dates.
It is the responsibility of the Safety Coordinator to ensure that employee
certifications are maintained current.
The Office Administrator will be the WCB contact and will provide relevant reports
to the Safety Coordinator on a monthly basis that has been generated by WCB.
A copy of our WCB Clearance Letter will be on file at all times in the main office.
A copy of our WCB Performance Ratio will be kept on file in the main office.
It is important that Alberta Fire & Flood maintain records and statistics as this will
aid in identifying where training is required.
The terms, record keeping and statistics refer to the methods of recording and
tracking the safety and performance of Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. All documentation
pertaining to the safety program will be retained in the company’s Master Safety
Manual at the main office for further reference.
The information in this policy does not take precedence over applicable
government legislation, with which all workers should be familiar.
**The safety information in this policy does not take precedence **
Modified Work Program
Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. has developed a Modified Work Program for injured
workers.
When a worker cannot perform his duties due to a work related injury, it is to the
worker’s advantage that they remain on the job. Alberta Fire & Flood will assist in
the rehabilitation of the injured worker by assigning him, if possible and available,
work that he/she is capable of performing.
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There will be no salary adjustment while participating in the Modified Work
Program.
Types of modified work are:
1. modifying an existing job;
2. providing transitional work;
3. providing alternate duties;
4. providing a training opportunity;
5. All or any combination of the above.
Modified Work Procedures
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Provide the information package. When an injury requires medical
treatment, provide the employee with the WCB package to take to the
physician and have him return the package.
Collect all documents and forward to WCB and inform them that Alberta
Fire & Flood does have a Modified Work Program.
Make an offer of Modified Work. Present a written offer to the employee
stating the specific job to be performed, the hours of employment and the
length of placement. Rate of pay will not change. The offer should be
signed by the employee and Management and forwarded to WCB
immediately.
Refusal of Offer: Any refusal by an employee to participate in the
Modified Work Program shall be dealt with immediately. Interview the
employee and record the reasons for not participating. Inform the WCB
Case manager immediately.
Monitor the return to work. Once placed on modified work, the WCB
Case manager and Alberta fire & Flood Management will monitor the
progress of the employee and address any concerns immediately.
Return to Regular Duties. When medical clearance for return to regular
duties is received, inform the WCB. The Case Manager will continue to
monitor the employee’s return to regular duties.
The information in this policy does not take precedence over applicable
government legislation, with which all workers should be familiar.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
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MODIFIED WORK PROGRAM
This program was designed by the Workers Compensation Board to help workers
who become injured on the job. There are a number of companies that have
implemented this program into their safety program and have found it very
successful.
The way the program works, is that when a worker is injured he/she must report the
injury immediately to their Supervisor. The next step is for the worker to see their
physician as to the severity of the injury. The worker must indicate to their physician
that the company has a light duty modified work program. The physician will then
indicate on the medical report whether the injured worker is capable of doing the
following:
Extreme Light Duties include: duties performed in an office setting such as filing,
answering phones etc. there is no physical work or lifting.
Light Duty means: working in the shop, plant etc. sweeping floors, painting, light
warehouse duties. the employee may be required to lift up to 5-kgs in weight.
Moderate Duty means: work in the shop or plant doing general janitorial duties the
employee may be required to lift up to 15-kgs in weight.
In order for this program to be effective, we need your co-operation. Statistics have
proven that an injured worker on a modified light duty program recovers sooner than
staying at home.
In case of an injury, you must take the company medical assessment form to your
physician at the time of your first visit. The top section is to be completed by your
Supervisor and your physician will complete the bottom section. Remember to
return this form to your Supervisor after your visit to the Doctor.
Remember the final decision as to whether you qualify to go on this program is
between your physician, yourself and the Workers Compensation Board physicians.
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SECTION 13 - WASTE MANAGEMENT & ENVIRONMENT
Environment Management System (EMS)
Introduction
An environmental management system is the part of Alberta Fire and Floods overall
management system pertaining to the development, implementation, achievement,
review, and maintenance of the organization's environmental policy.
For many industries, environmental concerns are at the forefront of corporate issues
today. Having a documented environmental management system ensures that your
policies are effectively understood and implemented, and that your environmental
management system is an integral part of your overall management system.
The Seventeen (17) Requirements of the EMS
1.
Environmental Policy – a statement of the organization’s commitment to
the environment
2. Environmental Aspects and Impacts - identify environmental attributes
of products, activities and services and their effects on the environment
3. Legal and Other Requirements - identify and ensure access to relevant
laws and regulations
4. Objectives and Targets and Environmental Management Program set environmental goals for the organization and plan actions to achieve
objectives and targets
5. Structure and Responsibility - establish roles and responsibilities within
the organization
6. Training, Awareness and Competence - ensure that employees are
aware and capable of their environmental responsibilities
7. Communication - develop processes for internal and external
communication on environmental management issues
8. EMS Documentation - maintain information about the EMS and related
documents
9. Document Control - ensure effective management of procedures and
other documents
10. Operational Control - identify, plan and manage the organization’s
operations and activities in line with the policy, objectives and targets, and
significant aspects
11. Emergency Preparedness and Response - develop procedures for
preventing and responding to potential emergencies
12. Monitoring and Measuring - monitor key activities and track
performance including periodic compliance evaluation
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13. Evaluation of Compliance - develop procedure to periodically evaluate
compliance with legal and other requirements
14. Nonconformance and Corrective and Preventive Action - identify and
correct problems and prevent recurrences
15. Records - keep adequate records of EMS performance
16. EMS Audit - periodically verify that the EMS is effective and achieving
objectives and targets
17. Management Review – annually review the EMS as per the Safety
Management Schedule.
The Environment Management System’s Code of Practice meets the
requirements of the ISO 14000 – 2004 Standards.
Environmental Policy Statement
Alberta Fire & Flood believes that a healthy environment is essential throughout all
stages of construction and is committed to minimizing or eliminating harmful
environmental effects associated with our operations.
We require that all products and processes that may have a negative effect on the
environment, are used, handled, stored and disposed of in a manner compliant with
all appropriate legislation and best work practices.
MSDS are kept in each work vehicle and in the shop. All employees will be
WHMIS trained.
Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. will follow all applicable legislation and regulations.
Copies of the Occupational Health & Safety Handi-Guide Regulation & Code are
readily available in both the office/shop and each work vehicle.
Alberta Fire & Flood Ltd. is committed to protecting human health and the
environment through regulatory compliance and the continuous review of our
operations.
We intend to meet this commitment through the application of the following
principles:
1. Introduction of environmental requirements as an integral part of our
business operations,
2. Minimization of health hazards,
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3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Evaluation and assessment of our construction operations to provide
environmental protection,
Assessment of potential environmental risks,
Evaluation and monitoring of our environmental performance to
applicable standards,
Providing education and training, and
Maintaining an effective communication and reporting system.
The information in this policy does not take precedence over applicable
government legislation, with which all workers should be familiar. *The
safety information in this policy does not take precedence
Hazardous Waste Containment
The Containment Unit’s role is to control and contain liquid spills. The Containment
Unit will need to verify, assess the spill and isolate the leak. They should use the
following procedures, which can also be found in the Western Canadian Spill
Services Manual:
SPILL RESPONSE ACTIONS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Clear the area – remove everyone from the area who could be affected by
the spill
Assess the situation – determine level of response required, and the
appropriate action, material and PPE required for handling the situation
Stop the spill – if possible and safe, shut off the source of the spill
Contain the spill (Diking and absorbents) – prevent any flow off of
location if possible. If not possible, try to keep spilled product from
flowing into a watercourse. Do not endanger unit personnel in attempting
to stop / change the flow of spilled product
Record – As soon as possible after the situation has been assessed and a
response initiated.
Report the spill – As part of your communications / reporting procedures
with Superiors.
Spill Responders should consider taking the following assessment
equipment:
a. Appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE)
b. Camera and film
c. Combustible / toxic / O2 deficiency monitors
d. Copy of the Emergency Response Plan (ERP)
e. Communications equipment
f. Colored ribbon and hazard warning ribbon
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g.
h.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
Compass
Emergency Response Map detailing pipelines, Emergency Shut
down (ESD) Valves, or Block Valves, Resident locations, etc.
i. Measuring device (tape, topofil, chain)
j. Note book / tape recorder
k. Plywood / plastic to block culvert if appropriate
l. Shovel
m. Soils and topographic maps
n. Soil sampling equipment and containers
o. Sorbent boom if appropriate and available
p. Quantabs for produced water spills
Determine initial manpower and equipment needs following assessment.
Pass manpower and equipment needs to the Hazmat / Spill Supervisor.
Conduct initial hazard assessment and implementation of safety controls
Establish site perimeter / security
Implement initial containment if safe to do so
Coordinate with Hazmat / Spill Supervisor a safe location to be used as a
staging area for manpower and equipment
Determine type of spilled product, volume spilled and concerns related to
its location through sampling and analysis of the spill material
Identify product characteristics and concerns (MSDS)
Identify areas where flammable and / or toxic vapours may be a concern
Identify areas that may be oxygen deficient
Identify potential consequences of an uncontrolled ignition
Identify confined spaces
Identify slippery and / or unstable surfaces, overhead / underground power
lines, pipelines and utilities and other physical hazards
Install warning signs, barricades, barriers and markers as necessary
Identify the area impacted by the spill and implement zones of control
(Hot Zone – Hazard Area, Warm Zone – Limited Access, Cold Zone –
Support Zone
Identify an escape route in the event of a vapour plume shift or
uncontrolled ignition
Identify spill boundary and land uses in the area(s) affected by the spill
Continuously monitor weather conditions
Develop a safe approach plan
Develop a containment plan to prevent spilled product from migrating
from the site
Implement containment plan using appropriate containment methods
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28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
Following detailed site assessment, select one of, or a combination of the
following containment techniques:
a. Culvert blocks
b. Bell holes / trenches
c. Dikes / inverted weirs
d. Water flushing
e. In situ burning
f. Sorbents for residual oil
g. Equipment
Regardless of technique chose, remember that SAFETY is the number
one priority
Utilize a culvert block to contain spilled product from migrating through
the culvert
Utilize bell holes / trenches to contain a spill, prevent further migration of
fluids and to collect fluids for recovery by vacuum, tank truck or pump
suction hose
Utilize dikes and inverted weirs to contain and recover fluids
In forested soils or soils with high organic matter content, a low-pressure
cold water flush may be appropriate to direct produced water (salt water)
spills to a recovery area
Utilize hot water flushing to direct oil to a recovery area
Utilize in-situ burning of an oil spill, as a containment method, when:
a. Regulatory approval has been given
b. It is unsafe to contain and recover the product with men and
equipment
c. Burning would prevent immediate contamination of a sensitive
area
d. Equipment usage would cause a greater overall negative impact
e. Oil on water or thin / broke ice is of an adequate thickness and insitu burning is the best response
f. Further mechanical cleanup is unfeasible
A controlled burn is possible
Controls are in place to ensure safe, effective burn and it is contained to
spill site
Use of sorbents for recovery of residual oil – normally handled by the
Clean up Unit
Use of appropriate containment equipment (backhoes, dozers, pumps,
skimmers)
Watercourses – containment
Determine appropriate control point for containment operations
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42.
Select the exact location in the control point area to deploy containment
equipment
Lakes and sloughs - containment
Predict locations where oil will contact shore
Ensure safety of workers
Contain spilled oil
Ice-covered watercourses – containment
Following site assessment, determine ice slot location
Determine location for series of deflection boards and oil recovery hole
Choose appropriate equipment to create ice slot or deflection board slot
Remove ice blocks from slot, if using ice slotting technique
Conduct routine site condition assessments and modify containment plan
accordingly
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
CONTAINMENT AND CONTROL
Safety Defensive Containment (contain as close to the source as safe and practical)
1. Retain (let collect in a natural low area or sump)
2. Isolate (deny entry via safe distance from spilled material)
3. Dike (make small curb with dirt around drain)
4. Dam (build overflow dam for product that sinks in water)
5. Divert (build small berm to change direction of flow)
6. Disperse (apply fog spray in chlorine cloud)
7. Dilute ( apply water to water soluble material)
8. Cover (lay salvage cover over powder spill)
9. Foam (apply to large gasoline spill)
10. Other (shovels, sand bags, heavy earth moving equipment, absorbents,
booms, etc.)
Safety Offensive Containment requires the following activities:
1. Plug and patch (fix faulty valve or hole in drum)
2. Absorb (applying absorbent pads to oil spill)
3. Transfer (removing product to waste truck or new container)
4. Containerize (put leaking drum into over pack drum)
5. Re-position (upright or roll and chock leaking container)
6. Other (hot-tap, vent and burn, flaring)
Employee Self-Assessment & Validation Containment Unit Questions
1.
What types of containment methods are used by the Containment Unit?
a. Booms, absorbent curtains, dikes or trenches
b. Sump pumps, isolation booms, diversion curtains
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c.
d.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Sump and recover pumps, air booms, damming booms
Land, Marine / Aquatic, Under Ice
Dikes or trenches are built:
a. To absorb or dilute a spill
b. No larger than required
c. Around the entire perimeter of the spill
d. To divert or disperse the spill
One of the priorities of the Containment Unit is:
a. To assess the situation and recommend sheltering
recommendations
b. To establish minimums and define boundaries
c. To contain the spill
d. To establish perimeter security
As a member of the Containment Unit, you must have a valid Surface
Water Oil Spill Containment and Recovery Certificate. As part of this
course, you will be provided information on spill response techniques and
equipment deployment options for various environmental and climatic
conditions. Identify three of the following spill containment techniques:
a. Culvert blocks
b. Double bale seam insertion
c. Transient Vapour Zone Containment
d. Bell holes / trenches
e. Inverted culvert
f. Culvert Discharge
g. Soil dispersion method
h. Dikes / Inverted Weirs
i. Cold water flushing
The 15 minute occupational exposure limit for SO2 in Alberta is:
a. 5 ppm
b. 2 ppm
c. 15 ppm
d. 10 pm
The Containment Unit is responsible for:
a. Spill clean up according to the Spill Control Plan
b. Containment of spill according to the Spill Control Plan
c. Containment and clean up of spill according to the Spill Control
Plan
d. Containment of spill according to the Emergency Response Plan
What is NOT one of the containment methods on land?
a. Diversion of streams
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8.
9.
10.
11.
b. Diking and damming
c. Retention and isolation
d. Sump and recover
What is one of the containment methods under ice?
a. Absorption or dispersion
b. Diversion of clean streams
c. Covering or foaming
d. Bring spill material to water surface
Who is responsible for ordering WCSS resources?
a. Hazmat / Spill Director
b. Site Director
c. Source Control Supervisor
d. Hazmat / Spill Supervisor
There are six containment methods on land. Name four:
a. Retention and recovery
b. Sump and recovery
c. Covering or isolation
d. Diking and damming
e. Diversion or absorption
f. Absorption or dispersion
g. Retention and isolation
h. Absorption or dilution
i. Retention and dispersion
j. Dilution and isolation
What is one of the problems caused by hot water vapour when attempting
hot water flushing to direct oil to a recovery area?
a. Exposure to water vapour requires specialized personal protective
equipment
b. Fire equipment and resources must be on stand-by at the site
c. Exposure to water vapour may impair or render monitor sensors
inoperative
d. Exposure to water vapour may cause recovered fluids to escape the
containment area
Soil Erosion Control
Introduction
Runoff from construction sites can contribute significant sediment loads to receiving
water. Thus, effective erosion and sediment control at construction sites are crucial
in storm water management. This Code of Practice focuses on the development of
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erosion and sediment control plans at construction sites. Good planning is the first
step in preventing sediments from damaging the receiving water ecosystem.
However, it is equally important to ensure erosion and sediment control measures
are correctly installed and maintained on site.
Water Erosion
Water-induces soil erosion is caused primarily by falling raindrops which dissipate
their energy and the shearing force of surface runoff. The whole process involves
detachment of soil materials, transport of soil materials and deposition of eroded
materials.
There are four main erosion types as described below.
1. Raindrop erosion is caused by the direct impact of falling rain drops on
soil particles. This impact dislodges soil particles and splashes them into
the air. The dislodged soil particles can then be easily transported by the
flow of surface runoff.
2. Sheet erosion is referred to the removal of a layer of exposed surface soil
by the action of raindrop splash and runoff. The water moves in broad
sheets over the land and is not confined in small depressions.
3. Rill and gully erosion is caused by concentrated runoff in rivulets, cutting
several inches deep into the soil surface. These grooves are called rills.
Gullies may develop in unrepaired rill or in other areas where a
concentrated flow of water moves over the soil.
4. Steam and channel erosion is caused by increases in the volume and
velocity of the runoff.
Erosion Control Planning (ESC)
The principles of ESC are prevention of erosion and control of sediments from
leaving the construction site. Erosion prevention should be the primary objective of
ESC planning. However, conventional approach to ESC planning is still focused on
sediment control unless regulatory agencies enact strict regulation on erosion
prevention.
The typical steps of ESC planning are identification of problem areas, selection of
erosion and sediment control measures, and preparation of documents and drawings.
Problem Areas
The typical areas at construction sites where erosion and sediment are likely to occur
are:
1. Unprotected steep slopes which are prone to erosion as runoff velocity is high;
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2.
Any construction works near or at streams or waterways where dislodged
sediments can enter the water directly;
Unprotected drainage ways such as ditches which are a source of sediments as
runoff concentrates and moves quickly;
Storm inlets which should be protected from sediment laden runoff and may
clog underground storm sewers. High discharge velocity at a storm sewer
outfall may cause significant erosion downstream.
Large flat exposed areas are prone to sheet erosion and should be protected.
Borrow and stockpile locations are exposed areas which are disturbed
continuously over the construction period.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Principles of ESC
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Plan the development to fit the site characteristics.
Site characteristics such as topography, soils, drainage patterns and covers
should be considered when developing a site. Areas which are prone to
erosion should be left undisturbed and undeveloped if possible. Entrance and
exit point for runoff should be protected from erosion and equipped with
sediment control devices.
Minimize the extent of the disturbed area and the duration of exposure
and stabilize disturbed areas as soon as possible.
Conventional land development practices favour grading of the whole site in
the beginning of the project. Sometimes, a development may take years to
complete. Thus, we have these disturbed areas which may last a long time
and subject to erosion. The key of ESC is to minimize the extent of disturbed
areas by phasing. Grading of development site should be consistent with the
development plan. By staging construction and preserving existing
vegetation, erosion can be reduced significantly. Once a land surface is
disturbed, we should minimize the duration of exposure by protecting it from
erosion if possible. Typically, if an area is not going to be worked on for
more than 45 days, it should be protected by erosion control mats.
Keep runoff velocity low.
Runoff velocity should be kept as low as possible. For drainage ways such as
ditches, high velocity can be reduced by a series of rock check dams which
break the flow velocity. Overland flow velocity can be reduced by
minimizing slope length and steepness.
Direct the runoff from problem areas.
Concentrated flows should be diverted away from areas as discussed in the
last section.
Retain sediment within the site area.
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6.
7.
Sediment control devices such as sediment control ponds should be used to
retain sediments from leaving the site.
Implement a thorough maintenance and follow-up program.
Poorly maintained ESC devices are not going to work effectively. Budgets
should be allocated for inspection and maintenance of ESC devices over the
construction period.
Planning should be focused on pre-grading, after grading, during
construction, and after construction phases.
Different techniques may be required for each phase of development.
Erosion Control Devices
1.
Erosion control devices include:
a. Temporary seeding;
b. Temporary mulching;
c. Permanent sodding;
d. Temporary or permanent erosion control blankets;
e. Permanent vegetative buffer strips.
2.
Sediment control devices include:
a. Site fencing;
b. Straw bakes;
c. Sediment basins;
d. Sediment traps;
e. Storm inlet traps;
f. Rock check dams;
g. Interception berms/swales
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The ESC Plan
1.
2.
An ESC plan is:
a. A written descriptive portion and a visual component of maps and
plans;
b. Details depend upon the construction site and the surrounding steams
and lands;
c. It is often integrated with storm water management or drainage
reports;
d. Location maps and property lines;
e. Limits of disturbance;
f. Existing site information;
g. Proposed grading;
h. Control measure details;
i. Construction schedule;
j. Stabilization details.
The reasons for a failed ESC plan may be:
a. The E & S plan did not address all stages of construction;
b. Changes occurred on adjacent sites;
c. On-site changes were made;
d. Devices were improperly installed;
e. Maintenance activities were not conducted;
f. Excessive rainfall occurred.
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APPENDIX A - Traffic Control (Temporary)
GENERAL
Traffic control is required when traffic must be moved through or around highway
or street construction, maintenance operations or utility work on or adjacent to a
roadway. The traffic control described and illustrated herein is generally the
minimum required. No one standard sequence of signs or other control devices can
be set up as an inflexible arrangement for all conditions and locations, due to the
variety of conditions encountered. It should also be recognized that while the Traffic
Control Safe Job Procedures contains mandatory language such as “shall” there may
be circumstances where strict compliance with such requirements is not reasonable
and it will be necessary to deviate from the requirements.
Throughout this Safe Job Procedure, the term “work zone” means an area in which
construction, maintenance or utility activities take place, on or adjacent to a
roadway, to the extent that the passage of public traffic may be influenced. Where
cyclists and/or pedestrians are likely to be present in work zones, due consideration
must also be given to their safety requirements.
This Safe Job Procedure sets forth basic principles and prescribes standards for the
design, application, installation and maintenance of the various types of traffic
control through work zones. These include signs, signals, lighting devices,
markings, barricades, channelization, and hand signaling devices. Minimum
standards of application are prescribed for typical situations and for methods of
controlling traffic through work zones. A number of typical situations are illustrated
to show the recommended application of standard protective devices for preplanned, scheduled, work on roads and streets in Calgary.
It is understood that in emergency situations it may not be possible to meet these
minimum standards.
FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES
All traffic control devices used in work zones should closely conform to the
applicable specifications of this Safe Job Procedure.
Work zones can present motorists, cyclists and pedestrians with unexpected or
unusual situations as far as traffic operations are concerned. Because of this, special
care should be taken in applying traffic control techniques.
Principles and procedures which experience has shown to enhance the safety of road
users and workers in the vicinity of work areas include the following:
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1.
2.
3.
Traffic safety in construction zones is an integral and high priority element
of every project from planning through design and construction. Similarly,
maintenance and utility work should be planned and conducted with the
safety of road users and workers kept in mind at all times.
a) The basic safety principles governing the use of permanent traffic
control on undisturbed roadways and roadsides should also govern
the design of traffic control in work zones. The goal should be to
route traffic through such zones with traffic control devices as nearly
as possible comparable to those for normal situations.
b) A traffic control plan in detail appropriate to the complexity of the
project should be prepared and understood by all responsible parties
before work begins. Any changes in the agreed traffic control plan
should be pre-approved by the road authority before implementation.
Traffic movement should be inhibited as little as possible.
a) The traffic control plans for work zones should be designed on the
assumption that motorists will only reduce speed if they clearly
perceive a need to do so. Reduced speed zones should only be used
where a clearly demonstrated need exists.
b) Any changes in traffic pattern, such as lane narrowings, dropped
lanes or other main roadway transitions requiring rapid maneuvers,
should be avoided.
c) Where emergency vehicles will pass through a work zone it may be
necessary to make special provision for such vehicles especially on
high speed or high volume roadways.
d) Construction time should be minimized to reduce exposure to
potential hazards.
Motorists should be guided in a clear and positive manner while
approaching and traversing work zones.
a) Adequate warning, delineation and channelization by means of
proper pavement marking, signing and use of other devices which are
effective under varying conditions of light and weather should be
provided to assure motorists of positive guidance in advance of and
through work zones.
b) Inappropriate pavement markings should be removed for long
duration work to eliminate any misleading cues to drivers in all
conditions of light and weather. On short term maintenance projects,
however, it may be determined that such removal is more hazardous
than leaving the existing markings in place. If so, special attention
must be paid to providing additional guidance by other traffic control
measures.
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c)
4.
5.
Traffic control persons (TCPs), when used, can provide positive
guidance to motorists traversing work zones. TCPs must be employed
when all other methods of controlling traffic are considered
inadequate to warn, direct and regulate drivers.
To ensure acceptable levels of operation, routine inspection of traffic
control devices should be performed.
a) Individuals who are trained in the principles of traffic control should
be assigned responsibility for safety at work sites. The most
important duty of these individuals is to ensure that all traffic control
devices are in conformity with the traffic control plan and are
effective in providing safe conditions for motorists, pedestrians,
cyclists and workers.
b) From time to time, modification of traffic controls may be required in
order to expedite traffic movement and to ensure safety. It is essential
that the individual responsible for traffic control also has the
authority to control the progress of work on the project in its relation
to maintaining safe conditions, including the authority to modify
controls or halt work until remedial safety measures are taken.
c) Work sites should be carefully monitored under varying conditions of
traffic volume, light and weather to ensure that traffic control
measures are operating effectively and that all devices used are
appropriate, clearly visible, clean and in good repair.
d) When activity in a work zone ceases, for whatever reason or duration,
it is very important that adequate traffic control is maintained to
guide, warn and regulate public traffic through any hazards or
unusual traffic patterns; keeping in mind the most adverse conditions
that could reasonably be expected to occur, prior to the
recommencement of work.
e) When warranted, an engineering analysis should be made of all
accidents occurring within work zones. Work zones should be
monitored to identify and analyze traffic accidents or conflicts. As
examples, skid marks or damaged traffic control devices may indicate
needed changes in the traffic control.
f) Work zone accident records should be analyzed periodically to guide
officials in improving work zone operations.
g) When no longer needed, traffic control devices must be removed
or covered.
The maintenance of roadside safety requires constant attention during the
life of the work zone because of the potential increase in hazards.
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a)
b)
c)
To accommodate errant and disabled vehicles, it is desirable to
provide an unencumbered roadside recovery area that is as wide as
practicable.
Channelization of traffic should be accomplished by the use of
pavement markings and signing, flexible posts or drums, delineators,
cones, barricades and other lightweight devices which will yield if hit
by errant vehicles.
Whenever practicable, construction equipment and materials should
be stored clear of the travelled roadway. If this is not possible, such
obstructions should be clearly marked and the path around them
delineated.
Traffic Control Procedures
Role of Traffic Control Person
As a traffic control person, you have an important job on construction maintenance,
and utility projects. You regulate the traffic at temporary workplaces to keep it safe
for worker and motorists.
Your role is to:
1. Warn workers of any danger.
2. Safely direct traffic through temporary workplaces.
3. Make sure that public traffic has priority over work-related traffic.
4. Allow work to continue safely and efficiently.
5. Stop traffic whenever needed by the work situation.
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Clothing and Accessory Requirements
You must wear at all time:
1. A hard hat CSA certified Class E or G.
2. A shirt with sleeves.
3. A safety vest which must meet the requirement of a Class 2 vest as
described in CSA Z96-02. It must have fluorescent background materials
and Level 2 retrorelfective striping which contrasts the background
material. It must cover the upper body to the belt-line, and be worn over
the clothing.
4. Arm cuffs (2) which must be made from material meeting the same
standards as the safety vest. Each cuff must be 175 mm long with two 50
mm wide retroreflective stripes evenly spaced along the length.
5. Full length pants.
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6.
Safety footwear CSA certified Grade 1 (these have a green triangular CSA
patch on the outside and a green rectangular label on the inside).
AT NIGHT
You must:
1. Use a flashlight with a red cone attachment.
Recommended:
2. Stand under a streetlight if one is available or use temporary overhead
lighting. If using temporary overhead lighting made sure that it does not
cause glare for oncoming traffic.
3. Wear a retrorelfective band, ASTM Type III (high intensity) on hard hats.
4. If using two-way radio, they should have voice activated microphones so
that you have a free hand for your flashlight.
5. Wear white overalls, or light colored clothing.
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IN THE SUN
You must:
1. Wear CSA certified sunglasses when a hazard is creating by blinding sun.
Recommended:
2. Wear a long sleeved shirt that you cannot easily see through to protect
your skin.
3. Wear long pants that you cannot easily see through to protect your skin.
4. Wear a sun screen protector (SPF) of 15 or more on all exposed skin.
5. Carry drinking water.
IN CONDITION HAZARDOUS TO THE EYES
x
You must wear: CSA approved eye protection.
IN THE RAIN
Recommended:
x
x
Rain gear in highly visible color or orange or yellow.
CSA certified Grade 1 footwear.
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IN THE COLD
Recommended:
x
x
x
Hard hat liner
Layered clothing
Gloves.
IN THE SUMMER
Recommended
x
Insect repellant
AT ALL TIMES:
You must have:
x
x
Pen or pencil
Paper or notebook
Note: Traffic Control Persons must know the name and contact information for
their immediate supervisor responsible for the workplace.
EQUIPMENT
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ON THE JOB BASICS
THE CONTROL POSITION
Your control position beside the road must:
1. Allow you to see and be seen by oncoming traffic;
2. Permit traffic enough time to stop safely; (Check vehicle stopping
distances)
3. Provide you with an escape route if a driver makes a mistake;
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4.
Be just outside the travel lane, with the sign paddle resting on the edge
line.
5. Never be in a group, beside a vehicle, or beside or near a distraction;
6. Be halfway between the beginning of the Taper and the Traffic Control
Person sign. Don’t stand too close to the taper.
7. Allow you to see the other Traffic Control Person if there are no radios.
When a Third Traffic Control Person is needed for visual signaling, they must stand
outside the travel lanes and be visible to both other Traffic Control Persons.
You must take the control position when:
x
The Traffic Control Person sign goes up, not before.
You must not leave the control position unless:
1. Relieved by another Traffic Control Person;
2. The job ends, the road is cleared of workers and equipment, and normal
traffic flow has been restored.
3. You are moving to avoid an accident.
ORDER OF TRAFFIC
It is important not to hold up public traffic longed than needed. Make sure that the
conditions are safe for both moving and waiting traffic. It is dangerous for backups
to occur over railway crossing and into intersections.
There are three types of traffic. In order of importance they are:
1. Emergency vehicles when responding to an emergency;
2. General public traffic is given priority when there are no emergency
vehicles;
3. Construction traffic.
SETTING UP THE TEMPORARY WORKPLACE
LAYING OUT SIGNS AND TAKING THE CONTROL POSITION
This procedure explains how Traffic Control Persons take the Control Position while
workers are laying out signs. This is one example of how to set up a workplace.
1. Workers begin on the shoulder of the road, on the same side of the road
and in front of Work Area.
2. Workers lay out signs by offloading from the side of the vehicle that is
farthest from the open traffic land.
3. Following the set-up of the Traffic Control Person sign the first Traffic
Control Person takes the Control Position with the Stop sign directed to
the ditch (check for escape route).
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4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Workers pass the Work Area and continue laying out signs.
Make a safe and legal turn.
On the opposite side of the road from, and approaching the Work Area
along the right shoulder, workers lay out signs.
Following the set-up of the second Traffic Control Person the second
Traffic Control Person takes the Control Position in advance of the Work
Area with the Stop sign directed to the ditch (check for escape route).
Workers end by placing the last sign. All signs and Traffic Control
Persons are now in place.
LAYING OUT DRUMS AND CONES
This procedure explains how Traffic Control Persons protect workers that are laying
out drums and cones. In this example, at the start of laying out drums and cones, all
signs and Traffic Control Persons are in place.
1. Workers begin on the shoulder of the road, on the same side of the road as,
and in front of the work area.
2. The Traffic Control Person on the same side of the road as the Work Area
stops traffic. The other Traffic Control Person allows traffic to flow.
3.
The Service Vehicle moves into the middle of the lane to be closed.
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4.
Workers lay out the drums for the approach transition tape; they start at
the road should and work towards the center line.
5.
The Service Vehicle drives through he drums and takes a position inside
the approach transition taper.
6.
The Traffic Control Persons may now regulate traffic through the Traffic
Control Person Zone.
The Service Vehicle moves forward as cones are laid out; to finish with
the termination taper.
7.
8.
Workers position a flashing light unit at the termination taper, and the
approach transition taper.
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PICKING UP DRUMS AND CONES
This procedure explains how Traffic Control Persons protect workers that are
picking up the drums and cones. Before picking up drums and cones workers must
make sure the road is safe to open to traffic. A typical starting position is shown in
the drawing below.
1. Workers remove the flashing light unit starting at the termination taper.
2.
Workers with a service vehicle remove all cones; they begin with the
termination taper and end at the approach transition taper.
3.
The Traffic Control Person on the same side of the road as the Work Area
stops traffic flow.
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4.
5.
The Service Vehicle takes a position in the middle of the closed lane. It
should be placed approximately half way between the Traffic Control
Person and the beginning of the approach transition taper.
Starting at the center line, and working toward the edge of the road,
workers remove the drums in the approach transition taper.
6.
When all obstacles and workers are off the travel lane, the Service Vehicle
leaves the lane.
7.
8.
When the lanes are cleared, the Traffic Control Persons stand down.
Drums, cones, work vehicles and warning lights are now off the travel
lanes and normal traffic flow has been restored.
EMERGENCY VEHICLE APPROACH
An emergency vehicle is to be given the highest priority and every reasonable
help to pass the workplace safely and without delay.
At the approach of an emergency vehicle you must:
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1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Warn the other Traffic Control Person by: signaling with Stop/Slow
Paddle or by radio message;
Turn both Paddle Signs to show Stop Sign, given traffic time to stop
safely;
Allow the Traffic Control Person Zone to clear;
Check the safety of the Traffic Control Person Zone;
Allow the emergency vehicle to pass the Stop sign. Do not wave the driver
through. The emergency vehicle driver must judge workplace safety on
their own and pass the Stop sign without your signal.
Check for other emergency vehicles before starting normal traffic flow.
Important: when using Stop/Slow Paddles for visual signaling, Traffic Control
Persons must know in advance who will turn their paddle to Slow first, to
restore traffic flow.
FORBIDDEN BEHAVIOR
Traffic Control Persons regulating traffic must NOT:
1. Be assigned or attempt to carry out any other work;
2. Permit the Traffic Control Person sign to be displayed when a Traffic
Control Person is not regulating traffic.
3. Stand near any other person or object (to do so reduces visibility and
effectiveness);
4. Carry out a conversation that is not related to traffic control;
5. Sit or lean on anything: tree, post, vehicle, etc.;
6. Use a T.V., radio (other than a two-way radio),tape player, MP3 or any
device that limits sight, hearing and causes distraction;
7. Turn their back to oncoming traffic;
8. Become impatient or lose their temper;
9. Try to slow traffic by displaying the Stop sign and then flipping t show the
Slow;
10. Leave their post without being replaced.
11. Allow the Stop/Slow paddle to be supported. It must be freestanding and
held in position only by the Traffic Control Person.
Traffic Control Persons must not regulate traffic if their judgment is impaired in any
way, or if for any reason they have suffered a reduction in their performance that
could increase the hazard to themselves, road workers or road users.
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APPENDIX B - Asbestos Management System
Asbestos Management System
Asbestos: Controls for Construction, Renovation and Demolitions
OVERVIEW
Asbestos is a generic term describing a number of naturally occurring fibrous
minerals that have been used in a wide range of products because of their insulating
acoustical, fire protection and chemical resistant properties. There are different types
of asbestos which include:
1.
Chrysotile – natural rock serpentinite is the raw material from which chrysolite
asbestos is obtained. Another old and not less romantic name is fossil flax, all
because asbestos readily separates into long thin flexible fibers of down to 0.5
millimeters in diameter.
The new asbestos regulations in Canada contain an important
change. They now state that not only do you have to know
where asbestos might be contained, but also need to identify
what type of asbestos it might be.
As there is no way to tell what type of asbestos is present in
most materials by looking at them, this now means that more
testing is required than previously and therefore, a type one
and a half is the best option for most premises.
2.
Amosite – more commonly referred to as brown asbestos and sometimes gray
asbestos. This form of asbestos was found and is mined in South Africa and is
considered to be one of the most hazardous forms of the material, second only
to the blue asbestos, In fact, a large portion of South Africans who worked in
the many asbestos mines there have been sickened with some sort of asbestos
related disease. Countless numbers have died.
a. From the amphibole group, which is naturally more hazardous than
serpentine asbestos, amosite asbestos was, at one time, the second
most prevalent type of asbestos found in building materials,
accounting for about 5% of all asbestos used in factories and other
commercial building. Its color comes from the natural presence of
iron and magnesium found in this form of asbestos.
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b.
3.
The amosite variety of asbestos was used primarily as a fire retardant
in thermal insulation products like, ceiling tiles. Brown asbestos is
now banned in most countries and has been for a number of years,
but it can still be found in older products and structures, therefore still
posing potential dangers, especially because this form of asbestos is
highly friable. That means it crumbles easily when damaged,
therefore releasing airborne
Anthophyllite, Tremolite, and Actinolite – These three types are rare and
found mainly as contaminants in other minerals.
The three most common types of asbestos that were mainly used in
wide range of products are Chrysotile (white asbestos), Crocidolite
(blue asbestos) and Amosite (brown or gray asbestos).
Until the late 1960’s, industry used both serpentine (75%) and amphibole
(25%) asbestos. Subsequently, the use of chrysolite increased to approximately
95% while blue and gray asbestos declined to 5%. Asbestos is one of the most
useful and versatile minerals known to man mainly because of its unique
properties, flexibility, tensile strength, insulation (from heat and electricity) and
chemical inertness. It is the only natural mineral that can be spun and woven
like cotton or wool into useful fibers and fabrics.
More than 3 000 products and their uses have been identified. Most
homes/commercial building prior to 1990 many contain asbestos products in one
form or another. Asbestos products have been used in thousands of commercial and
private buildings. Some other uses of asbestos include fencing, asbestos pipes,
thermal insulation, fire proofing, as an additive in paints and sealants, in textiles
such as felts and theatre curtains, in gaskets, and in friction products like brake
linings and clutches. During the peak building years i.e. 1950’s, 1960’s, 1970’s,
asbestos found its way into most public building, for example, hospitals, schools,
libraries, office blocks and factories. Workplaces such as ship engine rooms, and
power stations were heavily insulated with sprayed limpet insulation.
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Type 1 Asbestos OPERATION
What are Type 1 Operations?
Type 1 operations include the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Installing or removing less that 7. 5 square meters of ceiling tiles
containing asbestos or 8 square feet or ten 4-foot by 2-foot ceiling tiles
without it being broken, cut, drilled, abraded, ground, sanded, or vibrated.
Installing or removing non-friable asbestos-containing material other than
ceiling tiles, with it being broken, cut, drilled, abraided, ground, sanded, or
vibrated.
Breaking, cutting, drilling, abrading, grinding, sanding, or vibrating nonfriable asbestos containing materials if a)you wet the material AND b) you
use only non-powered hand tools.
Removing less that one square meter of drywall where asbestos jointfilling compound was used.
DRYWALL JOINT FILLING COMPOUND
Early drywall joint-filling compounds contained
significant amounts of asbestos fibers. This particular
use was specifically prohibited in 1980. Still, it may be
found in building constructed several years later.
If these operations are done properly, it is unlikely that exposure will exceed
acceptable limits. This is why the use of respirators is optional for Type 1 work.
Controls for Type 1 Work
1.
2.
Eating, drinking, smoking and chewing gum are prohibited.
If a worker requests a respirator and protective clothing for Type 1
operations, the employer must provide them. The respirator must be the
proper type with filters suitable for asbestos. Once the worker s request
respirators, they must wear them. Protective clothing must be impervious
to asbestos fibers. Once workers request protective clothing, they must
also wear them.
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a.
3.
4.
5.
Protective clothing is used for two reasons:
i. To prevent transfer of dust and waste into clean areas; and
ii. To guard unprotected workers, their families, and the public
from secondary exposure to asbestos.
Before beginning work, visible dust must be removed by wiping with a
damp cloth or by vacuuming with a special HEPA filtered vacuum.
a. HEPA (High Efficiency Particulate Aerosol) vacuums are specially
designed to trap very small particles. They catch at least 99.97% of
all particles 0.3 microns or larger.
Never use compressed air to clean asbestos dust off surfaces. This just
blows the fibres into the air.
When you with to cut, shape or drill the non-friable materials, you must
wet the work (water plus wetting agent and use only hand tools such as
nibblers, rasps, files, shears, knives, hand drills or hand saws. Using hand
tools may create some dust, but wetting the material will prevent the dust
particles from becoming airborne.
WETTING AGENT
Water alone is not sufficient to control dust and fibres. You must
add a “wetting agent” to reduce the water’s surface tension. This
increases the water’s ability to penetrate the material and get
into nooks and crannies. To make this “amended” water you can
use ordinary dishwasher detergent...one cup of detergent for
every 20 liters of water.
6.
You must use a dropsheet (typically 6 mil polyethylene) below the work
area to help control the dust.
7. All asbestos dust and waste must be cleaned up regularly and frequently
(before it dries out) using a HEPA vacuum or by damp-mopping or wetsweeping.
8. Before leaving the work area, workers must damp-wipe or HEPA vacuum
their protective clothing to remove any surface contamination. Workers
must damp-wipe their respirators before taking them off.
9. Asbestos waste and disposable coveralls must be placed in dust-tight
containers and labeled with warning signs.
10. You must never reuse dropsheets. After the work is done, dropsheets must
be wetted or damp-wiped and then folded so that any residual dust or
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11.
12.
13.
14.
scrap is contained inside the folds. Dispose of dropsheets as asbestos
waste.
Barriers and portable enclosures that are rigid and will be reused must be
cleaned by damp-wiping or HEPA vacuuming. Barriers and enclosures
that are not rigid or cannot be cleaned must not be reused.
Containers must be cleaned by damp wiping or HEPA vacuuming before
being removed from the work area.
You must dispose of waste at a landfill site that will accept asbestos
material.
A washbasin, soap, water and towels – or a similarly equipped clean-up
facility – must be provided for workers so that they can wash their hands
and faces before leaving the work area. Workers must also wash before
eating, drinking, smoking or any such activities. This will help reduce
secondary exposure to asbestos.
Type 2 Asbestos OPERATIONS
What are Type 2 Operations?
Exposure to asbestos is likely in Type 2 operations. You need controls to protect
workers and others nearby. Type 2 operations include the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Removing all or part of a false ceiling in buildings containing sprayed
asbestos fireproofing if it is likely that asbestos fibers are resting on top of
the ceiling. This is likely when fireproofing is deteriorating or damaged;
Removing or disturbing less that 1 square meter of friable asbestos
materials – for example, repairing an insulated pipe joint or removing
some fireproofing to fasten a new pipe hanger;
Enclosing friable asbestos insulation to prevent further damage or
deterioration;
Applying tape, sealant, or other covering (by means other than spraying)
to pipe or boiler insulation;
Installing or removing more than 7.5 square meters of ceiling time
containing asbestos, without it being broken, cut, drilled, abraded, ground,
sanded or vibrated;
Breaking, cutting, drilling, abraded, grinding, sanding or vibrating nonfriable asbestos containing materials if the material is not wetted and the
work is done only with non-powered hand-held tools.
Removing one square meter or more of drywall where the joint-filling
compound contains asbestos;
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8.
Working on non-friable asbestos with power tools that are attached to dust
collecting devices equipped with HEPA filters. If you need t power-grind
or machine the asbestos product and your tools are not equipped with
HEPA –filtered dust collectors refer to next section.
9. Using a glove bag to remove asbestos containing insulation;
10. Cleaning or removing filters used in air-handling equipment in a building
with sprayed asbestos fireproofing;
11. Any other operation that is not Type 1 or Type 3, but one that may cause
exposure to asbestos.
To prevent an electric shock, any power tools used around
water must be equipped with a ground fault circuit
interrupter and be maintained properly. If leading currents
are detected, the ground fault circuit interrupter switches off
the power to that circuit to prevent a lethal dose of
electricity.
Controls for Type 2 Operations
1.
Workers involved in Type 2 operations must wear a NIOSH-approved
respirator. The employer must provide workers with training on the
individual respirators they will be using. The training must cover:
a. Selection of respirator
b. Fitting
c. Inspection
d. Use
e. Care and Maintenance
f. Cleaning and Disinfecting
g. Limitations of the Respirator
The equipment must be maintained according to the employer’s written procedures
and must be consistent with the manufacturer’s instructions. The manufacturer can
provide cleaning and disinfecting products which will not damage the respirator.
Any damaged or worn parts must be replaced before a worker uses the equipment.
Wherever possible, the respirators should be assigned to individual workers for their
exclusive use. Otherwise, the respirators must be properly cleaned and disinfected
before being used by someone else.
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Refer to the Safety Manual for more information on the use, care, and disposal of
respirators and protective equipment.
2.
Workers must wear protective clothing impervious to asbestos with tightfitting cuffs at the wrists, ankles and neck as well as a hood or head cover.
This usually means one-piece disposable coveralls – ones which are easy to
clean of surface contamination before you throw them away. Torn or
damaged clothing must be repaired or replaced. We recommend you use
laceless pull-on rubber boots or Buffalo boots. They can washed or disposed
of as contaminated waste
Protective clothing is required for two reasons:
a. To prevent transfer of dust and waste into clean areas; and
b. To guard unprotected workers, their families and the public from
secondary exposure to asbestos.
3.
Only those workers wearing the required respirators and protective clothing
are permitted in the work area.
4.
You must never eat, drink, smoke, or chew gum in the work area.
5.
Never use compressed air to remove asbestos dust from a surface.
6.
You must wet asbestos-containing material before you remove it to lessen
the chance of creating dust – unless wetting would cause a hazard or damage.
7.
You must add a wetting agent to the water.
8.
Any dust on exposed surfaces must be cleaned by damp-wiping or HEPA
vacuuming before starting work which may disturb the dust.
9.
Warning signs are required for all Type 2 activities.
10. For ceiling removal (to gain access to a work area) and for removal of less
than 1 square meter of friable asbestos-containing material indoors, an
enclosure must be erected around the area to prevent the spread of asbestos
dust. If your enclosure is opaque, it must have a transparent window to allow
observation of the work. The ventilation system must be disabled and sealed
off if the inlets or exhausts are within the enclosed area. For other Type 2
operations, 6-mil polyethylene dropsheets should be adequate.
11. You must put waste asbestos, disposable clothing, the enclosure and the
barrier materials (such as polyethylene sheeting0 and any other contaminated
items into dust-tight containers labeled with warning signs. The containers
must be damp-wiped or HEPA-vacuumed to remove any surface
contamination before you take the containers out of the work area.
12. Any dust or waste must be cleaned up by damp-wiping or HEPA-vacuuming
before it can dry out and pose a hazard. You must never reuse dropsheets.
Drop sheets and enclosures must be decontaminated and wetted before
disposal.
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13. After the work is completed, barriers and portable enclosures that are rigid
and that will be reused must be cleaned by damp-wipe or HEPA
vacuuming. Barriers and portable enclosures must not be reused unless
they are rigid and can be cleaned.
14. Before leaving the work area, workers must damp-wipe or HEPA vacuum
their protective clothing to remove any surface contamination. Workers
must damp-wipe their respirators before taking them off.
15. A washbasin, water, soap, and towels must be provided for workers to
wash their hands before leaving the work area. Workers must also wash
before eating, drinking, smoking, or any such activities.
Glove Bag Operations
All the procedures t hat apply to Type 2 operations also apply to glove bag
operations. If addition, you must do the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Separate the work area from the rest of the workplace by walls, barricades,
fencing or other suitable means;
Disable the mechanical ventilation system serving the work area and seal
all openings or voids, including ventilation ducts and windows to and from
the work area.
Place polyethylene dropsheets below the work area.
The glove bag must be strong and large enough to hold the material you
are removing.
You must use a glove bag if you can’t make a proper seal because of the
condition of the insulation, the temperature of the surface, or the type of
jacketing.
Check the glove bag for damage or defects.
Be careful not to puncture the glove bag.
When you’ve finished removing the asbestos:
a. Damp-wipe and HEPA vacuum the tools;
b. Wet down the inside walls of the glove bag;
c. Thoroughly wet the material inside the glove bag;
d. Wipe down the pipe (or whatever the asbestos was r removed from)
and seal it with suitable encapsulant;
e. Evacuate air from the bag using a HEPA vacuum and place the glove
bag, with the waste inside, in a suitable dust-tight container;
f. Clean up the work area by damp-wiping or DEPA vacuuming.
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TYPE 3 ASBESTOS OPERATIONS
What are Type 3 Operations?
Type 3 operations include the following:
1. Removing or disturbing more than 1 square meter of friable asbestoscontaining material;
2. Spraying a sealant onto friable asbestos material;
3. Cleaning or removing air-handling equipment in building with sprayed
asbestos fireproofing;
4. Repair, alteration, or demolition of kilns, metallurgical furnaces, and other
installations with asbestos refractory material;
5. Disturbing non-friable asbestos material in any way with power tools not
attached to dust collection equipped with HEPA vacuums;
6. Repair, alteration, or demolition of building which are or were used to
manufacture asbestos products unless the asbestos was cleaned up and
removed before March 15, 1986.
Controls for Type 3 Operations
Type 3 operations require the most precautions because they can release substantial
amounts of asbestos dust. Controls for Type 3 operations include requirements for:
1. Worker protection including protective clothing respiratory protection and
decontamination facilities;
2. Site preparation including enclosure and isolation of the work area and
negative air units;
3. Removal, clean-up, and disposal of waste including dust-suppression
techniques.
The following sections provide all the details.
Worker Protection
A: Protective Clothing
Protective clothing is required for two reasons:
1. To prevent transfer of dust and waste into clean areas;
2. To guard unprotected workers, their families, and the public from
secondary exposure to asbestos.
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Protective clothing must:
1. Fit the worker;
2. Not readily retain asbestos dust or allow it to penetrate. Although it is not
a regulatory requirement, we recommend one-piece disposable coveralls
with hood for Type 3 operations;
3. Have tight fitting cuffs at the wrists and ankles and on the hoods of
overalls;
4. Cover the head and feet. Although it is not a regulatory requirement, we
recommend laceless rubber boots because they are very easy to clean
when leaving the work area. Footwear with laces will trap asbestos fibers
between the laces and should not be used.
5. Be immediately repaired or replaced if torn.
Head coverings should be close-fitting and cover the parts of the head and neck not
covered by the respirator. The head straps of respiratory equipment should be worn
under the head covering.
Street clothes must not be worn under coveralls.
Any protective clothing (including rubber boots, reusable coveralls, and disposable
coveralls) exposed to the work area must be cleaned either by damp-wiping or
HEPA vacuuming before leaving the work area. If contaminated reusable coveralls
are to be laundered, they should first be placed in dust-tight bags which are soluble
in hot water can be loaded, unopened, into a washing machine. These inner bags
should then be placed inside a second bag which is sealed and labeled prior to being
sent to laundry facilities that specialize in cleaning asbestos-contaminated clothing.
Disposable coveralls that will not be reused must be disposed of as describe in the
next section.
IT CAN GET HOT IN THERE!
Protective clothing can contribute to a worker’s heat stress,
especially in summer.
B: Respiratory Protection
The primary means of exposure to asbestos fibers is inhalation. Despite the use
of other control measures such as wet removal, workers involved in Type 3
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operations will still encounter airborne asbestos. For this reason, respirators are
an important control method.
The respirator requirements for Type 3 operations vary according to:
1. The size of the operation;
2. Whether the ACM is friable or non-friable;
3. They type of asbestos present (chrysotile, or asbestos other than
chrysotile);
4. Whether the ACM is wet or dry;
5. Whether power tools or non-power tools are used for the removal;
6. Whether the power tool is attached to a dust-collecting device equipped
with a HEPA filter or not.
All workers required to wear a respirator must follow the written procedures
developed by Alberta Fire and Flood that are located in the Safety Manual.
Wherever possible, the respirators should be assigned to
individual workers for their exclusive use. Otherwise the
respirators must be properly sanitized before being used by
someone else.
Workers cannot be assigned to an asbestos work operation unless they are physically
able to perform the operation while wearing the respirator.
Site Preparation – indoor projects
Indoor Type 3 operations require strict controls to prevent asbestos dust from
contaminating other areas. The work area must be completely enclosed and isolated
from the rest of the location in order to:
1.
2.
3.
Prevent and contain the spread of asbestos dust;
Prevent other people in the rest of the building from being exposed to
asbestos;
Restrict access of authorized personnel.
Requirements for site preparation
1.
Polyethylene sheeting or other suitable material that is impervious to asbestos,
held in place with appropriate tape and adhesive, is normally used to build the
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2.
enclosure. Typically, 6 mil polyethylene is used on the walls and heavier
polyethylene is used on the floor. (It must withstand foot traffic.)
a. When existing walls aren’t appropriate for the enclosure, it may be
necessary to erect temporary walls to which the plastic barrier can be
attached.
b. All joints must overlap and be taped to ensure the area is completely
sealed off. Regulations require you to have one or more transparent
observational windows when you’re using opaque enclosures for
operations where non-friable asbestos is disturbed in any way with power
tools not attached to dust collectors equipped with HEPA vacuums. Keep
the windows clean and unobstructed.
During the construction of the enclosure, asbestos material should not be
disturbed until the enclosure is complete and negative air in place. In situations
where asbestos debris or dust is lying on any surface of the work area and will
be disturbed during the construction of the enclosure then the area must be
precleaned using a damp cloth, or by using a vacuum equipped with a HEPA
filter, before the enclosure is built. Suitable protective equipment, including
respirators, should be worn during precleaning and during all work which
disturbs asbestos during the building of the enclosure.
Wet Wiping Procedures
x Wet wipe with clean water and paper towels to remove
any residue.
x Dispose of paper towels as asbestos waste.
HEPA Vacuum Procedures
x Vacuum the contaminated area in parallel passes with
each pass overlapping the previous pass.
x Vacuum the area a second time, in the same manner, in
passes at right angles to the first passes.
Never use compressed air to clean asbestos dust off surfaces –
it is prohibited. It just blows the fibers into the air.
3.
The ventilation system serving the work area must be shut down and sealed off.
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4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Any furnishings that can be removed must be damp-wiped or HEPA vacuumed
if dusty and taken out of the enclosure before other work begins. Items which
cannot be moved must be cleaned and sealed with polyethylene sheeting.
If scaffolding is used during the asbestos removal operations the open ends of
the scaffold must be sealed.
Any openings such as stairways, doors (including elevator doors0, windows,
and pipe/conduit penetrations must be sealed off.
If asbestos is being removed from an entire floor, the elevators must be
prevented from stopping at that floor.
With two exceptions, all Type 3 operations require a negative pressure of 0.02
inches of water inside the enclosure relative to the area outside the enclosure.
You can do this by:
a. Running negative air units equipped with HEPA filters inside the
enclosure and venting them outside, and
b. Making sure that the enclosure is sealed from the surrounding area. The
better the area is sealed, the easier it will be to maintain a negative
pressure.
Air always moves from positive pressure to negative pressure. By maintaining
negative air pressure, air will always move from the non-contaminated or
“clean” area into the enclosure, instead of the other way. Without negative air
pressure, dust could get out of the enclosure through cracks, tears, ducting, or
even through the door enclosures.
A competent worker must measure the pressure difference between the inside
and outside of the enclosure at regular intervals. A digital pressure monometer
will measure the differential pressure. Because air pressures can vary within a
large enclosure it is recommended that the differential pressure be measured in
a variety of locations.
Warning signs must be posted outside and at every entrance to the work area.
If you plan to use the wet removal methods, the electrical power supply to the
area should be shut down, isolated, locked, and tagged to prevent electrical
shock.
Any temporary power supply for tools or equipment should have a ground fault
circuit interrupter (GFCI).
A competent worker must inspect the work area for defects in the enclosure at
the beginning and end of each shift. Any defect must be repaired immediately –
no work is allowed until the defect is repaired.
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Entry/Decontamination Facility
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
You must set up an entry/decontamination facility that keeps airborne asbestos
within the dirty area and provides a place for workers to contaminate
themselves as well as their tools, materials, and equipment.
The facilities will need to have a separate “dirty” changing room for
contaminated work clothing, and a separate “clean” changing room for clean or
personal clothing. The showers should be located between the two changing
rooms so that it is necessary to pass through them when going from one
changing room to the other. The clean and dirty ends should be fitted with
adequate seating and be of sufficient size for changing purposes.
The doorway should be fitted with overlapping polyethylene curtains on each
side so that they close behind workers passing through. This “airlock” will help
the spread of dust.
There must be a temporary shower with hot and cold running water so workers
can wash off residual asbestos before they leave the contaminated area.
A competent worker must inspect the work area for defects in the
decontamination facility at the beginning and end of each work shift. Any
defect must be repaired immediately – no work is allowed until the defect is
repaired.
Procedure for entry and decontamination
These entry and decontamination procedures must be followed every time workers
enter or exit the work area.
Part A: Entry Procedures
1.
2.
3.
4.
Workers enter the clean change room and:
a. Remove street clothes
b. Put on disposable coveralls
c. Inspect their respirators
d. Replace filter and perform other maintenance
e. Put on and seal-check respirators
f. Go to the curtained doorway
Workers enter the shower room and go (without showering) into the
equipment room.
Here, they put on their boots, hardhats, and other equipment from the
previous shift.
Workers enter the dirty work area through the fast curtained doorway.
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Part B: Decontamination Procedures
1. Workers enter the dirty change room and remove any visible dust from
their protective clothing by damp-wiping or HEPA vacuuming.
2. Workers remove and discard disposable coveralls and store the protective
equipment, tools, and equipment to be reused. They continue to wear their
respirators.
3. Workers enter the shower area via the curtained doorway and shower with
their respirators on, rinsing off the respirator. They then remove the
respirator and continue showering. With most respirators, the filters,
blowers, and battery pack must be kept out of the shower to prevent
damage. Damp wipe them before taking them off.
4. Workers must exit the clean side, and enter the change room via the
curtained doorway, and change into their street clothes.
5. Used towels should be treated as asbestos waste and put into a sealable
container.
6. Any tools or equipment used in the work area should be decontaminated
by damp-wiping or HEPA vacuuming before taken out of the area.
7. If necessary, arrangements must be made so that female workers can
decontaminate themselves separately from make workers.
A: Removal
1. Wherever possible, asbestos containing materials (ACM) should be wetted
before removal starts. Unless wetting creates a hazard, it is not
recommended to remove ACM material when the material is dry. To
improve penetration of the water and reduce runoff and dry patches a
wetting agent must be added to the water. You need to spray this amended
water repeatedly to penetrate the ACM and to keep it wet. High pressure
water spray should not be used.
2. Any electric tools and equipment used in wet removal operations must be
equipped with a GFCI to prevent shock.
B: Clean-up and Storage
1. Asbestos waste must be cleaned up frequently and regularly by HEPA
vacuuming, damp mopping, or wet-sweeping before it dries out. It might
be necessary to spray down asbestos debris with amended water to keep it
damp after it is removed.
2. Asbestos waste and protective clothing that will not be reused and must be
place in a suitable container for disposal. Dropsheets, polyethylene sheets,
and enclosure materials must be wetted before they are place in a suitable
container for disposal.
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3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
A suitable container is:
a. Dust tight
b. Suitable for the type of waste (if the waste is sharp, such as floor
tiles, the container must be rigid and puncture proof). Examples of
suitable containers are 6 mil polyethylene bags (always double bag
them) or polyethylene drums.
You must always damp-wipe or HEPA vacuum the surface of the
container to remove asbestos dust before taking it out of the work area.
Containers must be removed from the workplace frequently and at regular
intervals.
Before sealing the first 5 mil polyethylene bag, use a HEPA vacuum to
suck any excess air out of it. Seal the bag by twisting the top tightly,
folding it over, and sealing it with duct tape. Damp-wipe or HEPA
vacuum the outside of the bag before it is moved from the work area to the
decontamination area. Once in the decontamination area, place the bag
into a second 6 mil polyethylene bag and seal it.
Don’t place waste materials with sharp edges – such as floor, wall, or
ceiling tiles – into a bag. These items should be neatly stacked together.
Wrap each stack in 2 layers of 6 mil polyethylene. Then place it in a
suitable container for asbestos waste.
After cleaning up and removing the asbestos waste, the work area must be
thoroughly washed down with amended water it is possible to do so.
Once all the asbestos has been removed, tools and equipment – including
scaffolding, ladders, etc. – must be thoroughly cleaned by damp-wiping or
HEPA vacuuming to remove any settled asbestos dust. The negative air
units must keep operating during this time.
C: Visual Inspection
1. A competent worker must conduct a visual inspection to ensure that the
enclosure and the work area inside the enclosure are free from visible
asbestos –containing material. A thorough visual inspection consists of
verifying that there is not debris or residue from removed ACM and that
all the visible dust or debris in the work area has been cleaned up. If
visible residue, dust or debris remain, it must be cleaned up using wet
wiping or HEPA vacuuming before lockdown (gluedown) is applied and
clearance sampling is started.
2. The visual inspection should be standard operating procedures for Visual
Inspections of Asbestos Abatement Projects.
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D: Lockdown/gluedown
1. Although it is not a regulated requirement, it is a standard industry
practice to apply a lock-down sealant throughout the containment area to
seal down any invisible dust and fibers undetected during the visual
inspection after the removal activities.
2. The lockdown sealant needs to be compatible with any materials that will
be installed over the sealant such as fireproofing material. The supervisor
will verify this with the manufacturer.
3. The sealant should be applied in accordance with the manufacturer’s
recommendations.
4. There are a number of lockdown sealants available and the one you choose
must be appropriate for the intended use.
5. Lockdown sealants are available in clear and color mixtures. They will
require different drying time, depending on the manufacturer.
6. After the first coat, an inspection should be conducted to see if a second
coat is necessary.
7. If applying two coats, consider using a different color to ensure complete
coverage. You will be able to see the areas where only one coat has been
applied.
8. Certain lockdown sealants can pose a health risk if used in a confined
space.
9. Review the MSDS for hazards, required PPE and control measure to use
when applying the sealant.
10. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
E: Clearance Air Testing
1. Clearance air testing must be performed upon completion of Type 3
removal or repair operations except under any of the following conditions:
a. The operation involves work only on non-friable ACM using a
power tool not equipped with a HEPA filtered vacuum.
b. The work is done outdoors
c. The work is done in a building that will be demolished and only
the asbestos removal and demolition workers will enter the
building.
2. Only a competent worker can conduct clearance air testing after an
acceptable visual inspection and after the work are inside the enclosure is
dry. You must keep the barriers, enclosure, decontamination facility, and
negative air pressure units operating until the work area inside enclosure
passes the clearance air test (less that 0.01 fibers/cubic centimeter). If the
work area does not pass the test, cleaning, decontamination, inspection
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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3.
and lockdown measures inside the enclosure must be repeated before
retesting.
Within 24 hours after receiving the clearance air testing results, the owner
and the employer must post a copy of the results.
F: Teardown
1. All polyethylene used for lining and in enclosures must be wetted,
disposed of as asbestos waste, and not be reused. Drop sheets must be
wetted and then folded so that any residual dust or scrap is contained
inside the folds. Dispose of dropsheets as asbestos waste.
2. After the work is completed, barriers and portable enclosures that are rigid
and that will be reused must be cleaned by damp-wiping or HEPA
vacuuming. Barriers and portable enclosures must not be reused unless
they are rigid and can be cleaned.
3. After the work area has passed both the visual inspection and air-clearance
test, you can shut down the negative air filtration units. The negative air
system must be completely decontaminated. All pre-filters must be
removed and disposed of as asbestos waste. Seal the inlet and outlet with 2
layers of 6 mil polyethylene.
4. Teardown should be done as a Type 2 operation and workers must be
adequately protected.
G: Disposal of Asbestos-Containing Materials (ACM)
1. A regulation describes types of containers, labeling, and disposal
procedures. There are also regulations concerning the transportation of
dangerous goods (TDG).
2.
Some municipalities will not accept asbestos waste at their
landfills. Check with your local authorities to find the
nearest disposal site.
Sampling of Materials Suspected to Contain Asbestos
Bulk Sampling
If is considered to be a low risk activity and the appropriate procedures need to be
followed.
1.
2.
Sample materials when the immediate area is not in use and there are no
unprotected workers nearby. (Only the persons doing the sampling should
be in the immediate area.)
Spray the material with a light mist of water.
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Employee Health and Safety Manual
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Take the sample in a manner that avoids disturbing it any more than necessary.
If there is a cover over the suspected asbestos which must be damaged for
access, it must be properly repaired immediately after the sample is collected.
Take a representative sample from within the material by penetrating the entire
depth of the material, since materials may have been applied in more than one
layer or covered with paint or another protective coating.
Ensure that materials having different appearances, colors, or textures are
sampled.
Place the samples in sealable, impervious containers and label them as
laboratory samples.
The containers should have WHMIS labels that contain the following
information (sample quantity less than 10 kg):
a. Product identifier;
b. A statement to the effect that the material may contain asbestos;
c. The statement “Hazardous laboratory sample. For hazard information or
in an emergency call…” and an emergency telephone number’
If pieces of the material break during sampling, clean the contaminated area
with a HEPA vacuum or by wet-wiping.. Where necessary, polyethylene drop
cloths should be placed under the sample area to catch and contain loose waste
generated during sampling.
The workers doing the sampling must war an appropriate respirator (at least a
half mask air purifying respirator equipped with high efficiency particulate
filters) and should also wear disposable gloves and change gloves each time a
sample is collected. The gloves will be disposed of as asbestos waste.
Ensure that sampling tools and other equipment used during sampling are
properly decontaminated.
Put waste materials into labeled bags appropriate for asbestos work.
Samples should be collected at random locations and need to be representative
of the materials sampled.
For any homogeneous materials which includes: fireproofing, drywall joint
compound, ceiling tiles, stucco, acoustical and stipple finishes and visually
similar floor tiles the following must be collected:
a. 3 samples for less than 1 000 square feet;
b. 5 samples for areas between 1 000 and 5 000 square feet;
c. 7 samples for areas greater than 5 000 square feet.
One quality assurance/quality control sample should be collected every 20
samples or per building.
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
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Alberta Fire and Flood
Employee Health and Safety Manual
For Vermiculite Samples
Procedures for sampling vermiculite insulation are somewhat different than for
other asbestos containing materials. The objective is to determine whether or
not the product is of the type that is asbestos contaminated rather than
determine how much asbestos is present. There are three important factors that
must be considered when sampling this material.
1.
2.
3.
The concentration of asbestos in the product is highly variable, so more
than one sample is required.
Because asbestos fibers can be present at low concentration, typically, a
larger sample size is required.
Asbestos fibers tend to fall off from the product and settle at the bottom of
the insulation layer. Samples must be taken that represent the entire
thickness of the insulation layer. The sampling procedure should follow
the basic steps outlined below. This procedure may need to be modified,
depending on where and how the material is installed.
Equipment
1. 4 liter plastic bag (such as a large heavy duty zip lock freezer bag)
2. Metal scoop with a flat edge
3. Appropriate protection equipment (gloves, coveralls, half-mask respirator
with high efficiency particulate filters such as P 100s).
Procedure
1. Insert the scoop into the insulation until it reaches the bottom substrate,
move it along the bottom and raise it through the remaining material.
Deposit the material collected into the plastic bag.
2. Collect multiple scoops at random spots to make up the sample.
3. Seal the bag and wipe the outside with a damp cloth (or place bag into
another bag).
4. Label the samples
5. At least 4 liter samples should be taken at each sampling site. The scoop
should be cleaned between samples.
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221
Alberta Fire and Flood
Employee Health and Safety Manual
APPENDIX C - Respirator Guide
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
222
Alberta Fire and Flood
Employee Health and Safety Manual
HEALTH AND SAFETY MANUAL
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT FORM
I, _________________________________________________
(Print Name)
of_________________________________________________
(If not an AFF employee, print name and address of company)
Acknowledge that I have received the Alberta Fire and Flood
Health and Safety Manual for Employees and Contractors and
have familiarized myself with the relevant sections.
Further, I acknowledge that I understand my responsibilities
pertaining to health, safety and the environment.
Date: ____________________________________________
Signature of AFF
Employee or contractor: ______________________________
Signature of AFF
Representative: _____________________________________
Return the completed form to the
AFF Health and Safety Manager
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Alberta Fire and Flood
Employee Health and Safety Manual
The information contained herein does not take precedence over the
Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations
ACCIDENT safety combustible near miss
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COMMUNICATIONS CENTER
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BIO-HAZARDS
right to
know hazards assessments PPE COR
competency
Prime Contractor
Controlled Product FIRST
AID
flammable
corrosive right to refuse OEL Flammable
INGESTION LOTO MSDS RELATIVE
HUMIDITY Risk Management Solvent
Musculo-Skeletal right to participate Toxic
Exposure Limit Carcinogen Chronic
CORROSIVE Ergonometric
ACCIDENT Violence
Hazmat GFCI
Combustible
Fatigue
&
Asbestosis
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Calgary, AB
T2H 0T3
Phone:
Fax:
403.204.2259
403.204.3398
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