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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Revision
Date
Version
Changes
2007-04-02
1.00
Initial release
Page ii
Copyright
COPYRIGHT NOTICE
The information in this document is subject to change without prior notice in order to
improve reliability, design and function and does not represent a commitment on the part
of the manufacturer.
In no event will the manufacturer be liable for direct, indirect, special, incidental, or
consequential damages arising out of the use or inability to use the product or
documentation, even if advised of the possibility of such damages.
This document contains proprietary information protected by copyright. All rights are
reserved. No part of this manual may be reproduced by any mechanical, electronic, or
other means in any form without prior written permission of the manufacturer.
TRADEMARKS
IBM PC is a registered trademark of International Business Machines Corporation. INTEL
is a registered trademark of INTEL Corporation. Other product names mentioned herein
are used for identification purposes only and may be trademarks and/or registered
trademarks of their respective owners.
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Packing List
NOTE:
If any of the components listed in the checklist below are missing,
please do not proceed with the installation. Contact the IEI reseller or
vendor you purchased the PICOe-9452 from or contact an IEI sales
representative directly. To contact an IEI sales representative, please
send an email to [email protected]
The items listed below should all be included in the PICOe-9452 package.
1 x PICOe-9452 single board computer
1 x IDE cable
1 KB/MS PS/2 Y-cable
1 x SATA power cable
2 x SATA cables
1 x Dual RS-232 cable
1 x Dual USB cable
1 x Mini jumper pack
1 x Utility CD
1 x QIG (quick installation guide)
Images of the above items are shown in Chapter 3.
Page iv
Table of Contents
1
INTRODUCTION..................................................................................................... 1
1.1 INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................... 2
1.1.1 PICOe-9452 Benefits ......................................................................................... 2
1.1.2 PICOe-9452 Features ........................................................................................ 2
1.2 PICOE-9452 OVERVIEW ............................................................................................ 3
1.2.1 PICOe-9452 Overview Photo ............................................................................ 3
1.2.2 PICOe-9452 Peripheral Connectors and Jumpers............................................ 4
1.2.3 Technical Specifications..................................................................................... 5
2
DETAILED SPECIFICATIONS ............................................................................. 7
2.1 OVERVIEW ................................................................................................................. 8
2.2 DIMENSIONS .............................................................................................................. 8
2.2.1 Board Dimensions.............................................................................................. 8
2.2.2 External Interface Panel Dimensions ................................................................ 9
2.3 DATA FLOW ................................................................................................................ 9
2.4 COMPATIBLE PROCESSORS ........................................................................................11
2.4.1 Compatible Processor Overview ......................................................................11
2.4.2 Supported Processors .......................................................................................11
2.5 INTEL® 945GM NORTHBRIDGE CHIPSET.................................................................. 12
2.5.1 Intel® 945GM Overview................................................................................... 12
2.5.2 Intel® 945GM Memory Support ....................................................................... 13
2.5.3 Intel® 945GM PCIe x1 Bus: PCIe GbE Ethernet Controller........................... 14
2.5.4 Intel® 945GM Integrated Graphics ................................................................. 14
2.5.4.1 Intel® 945GM Analog CRT Support ......................................................... 14
2.5.4.2 Intel® 945GM LVDS Support ................................................................... 15
2.5.4.3 Intel® 945GM TV Out Support................................................................. 15
2.5.4.4 Intel® 945GM SDVO Support .................................................................. 15
2.5.5 Intel® 945GM Direct Media Interface (DMI) .................................................. 16
2.6 INTEL® ICH7-M SOUTHBRIDGE CHIPSET ................................................................. 16
2.6.1 Intel® ICH7-M Overview ................................................................................. 16
2.6.2 Intel® ICH7-M Audio Codec ’97 Controller.................................................... 17
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
2.6.3 Intel® ICH7-M Ethernet Connection ............................................................... 17
2.6.4 Intel® ICH7-M IDE Interface........................................................................... 18
2.6.5 Intel® ICH7-M Low Pin Count (LPC) Interface .............................................. 19
2.6.6 Intel® ICH7-M PCI Interface........................................................................... 19
2.6.7 Intel® ICH7-M PCIe x4 Bus............................................................................. 20
2.6.8 Intel® ICH7-M Real Time Clock ...................................................................... 20
2.6.9 Intel® ICH7-M SATA Controller ...................................................................... 20
2.6.10 Intel® ICH7-M USB Controller...................................................................... 21
2.7 LPC BUS COMPONENTS ........................................................................................... 21
2.7.1 LPC Bus Overview........................................................................................... 21
2.7.2 BIOS Chipset.................................................................................................... 22
2.7.3 Super I/O chipset.............................................................................................. 23
2.7.3.1 Super I/O LPC Interface ........................................................................... 23
2.7.3.2 Super I/O 16C550 UARTs ........................................................................ 24
2.7.3.3 Super I/O Enhanced Hardware Monitor ................................................... 24
2.7.3.4 Super I/O Fan Speed Controller................................................................ 24
2.7.3.5 Super I/O Parallel Port .............................................................................. 24
2.7.3.6 Super I/O Keyboard/Mouse Controller..................................................... 24
2.8 ETHERNET LAN CONTROLLERS .............................................................................. 25
2.8.1 Ethernet LAN Controllers Overview................................................................ 25
2.8.2 Intel® PC82573V PCIe GbE Ethernet Controller........................................... 25
2.8.2.1 Intel® PC82573V Overview..................................................................... 25
2.8.3 Intel® EP82562ET PCIe GbE Ethernet Controller......................................... 26
2.8.3.1 Intel® EP82562ET Overview ................................................................... 26
2.8.3.2 Intel® EP82562ET Ethernet Controller.................................................... 26
2.9 ENVIRONMENTAL AND POWER SPECIFICATIONS ....................................................... 27
2.9.1 System Monitoring ........................................................................................... 27
2.9.2 Operating Temperature and Temperature Control........................................... 28
2.9.3 Power Consumption......................................................................................... 28
2.10 EXPANSION OPTIONS.............................................................................................. 28
2.10.1 Expansion Options Overview......................................................................... 28
2.10.2 IEI Expansion PICOe Backplanes ................................................................. 28
2.10.3 IEI Chassis ..................................................................................................... 29
3
UNPACKING .......................................................................................................... 31
Page vi
3.1 ANTI-STATIC PRECAUTIONS ...................................................................................... 32
3.2 UNPACKING.............................................................................................................. 32
3.2.1 Unpacking Precautions.................................................................................... 32
3.3 UNPACKING CHECKLIST ........................................................................................... 33
3.3.1 Package Contents............................................................................................. 33
3.3.2 Optional Items.................................................................................................. 35
4
CONNECTOR PINOUTS...................................................................................... 37
4.1 PERIPHERAL INTERFACE CONNECTORS .................................................................... 38
4.1.1 PICOe-9452 Layout ......................................................................................... 38
4.1.2 Peripheral Interface Connectors ..................................................................... 39
4.1.3 External Interface Panel Connectors............................................................... 40
4.2 INTERNAL PERIPHERAL CONNECTORS ...................................................................... 41
4.2.1 +12V ATX Power Supply Connector ............................................................... 41
4.2.2 Audio Connector (9-pin) .................................................................................. 42
4.2.3 Backlight Inverter Connector .......................................................................... 43
4.2.4 Backplane to Mainboard Connector................................................................ 44
4.2.5 Compact Flash Socket...................................................................................... 45
4.2.6 Digital Input/Output (DIO) Connector............................................................ 48
4.2.7 Fan Connector (+12V) .................................................................................... 49
4.2.8 Front Panel Connector (8-pin) ........................................................................ 50
4.2.9 IDE Connector (44-pin)................................................................................... 52
4.2.10 Infrared Interface Connector (5-pin) ............................................................. 54
4.2.11 Keyboard/Mouse Connector........................................................................... 55
4.2.12 LVDS LCD Connector ................................................................................... 56
4.2.13 Parallel Port Connector ................................................................................ 58
4.2.14 SATA Drive Connectors ................................................................................. 59
4.2.15 Serial Port Connector (COM1 and COM2)................................................... 61
4.2.16 USB Connectors (Internal) ............................................................................ 62
4.3 EXTERNAL PERIPHERAL INTERFACE CONNECTOR PANEL ......................................... 64
4.3.1 LAN Connectors............................................................................................... 64
4.3.2 TV Connector ................................................................................................... 65
4.3.3 USB Connector ................................................................................................ 66
4.3.4 VGA Connector ................................................................................................ 66
5
INSTALLATION .................................................................................................... 69
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
5.1 ANTI-STATIC PRECAUTIONS ...................................................................................... 70
5.2 INSTALLATION CONSIDERATIONS ............................................................................. 71
5.2.1 Installation Notices .......................................................................................... 71
5.2.2 Installation Checklist ....................................................................................... 72
5.3 CPU, CPU COOLING KIT AND DIMM INSTALLATION ............................................. 73
5.3.1 Socket 479 CPU Installation............................................................................ 73
5.3.2 Cooling Kit CF-479B-RS Installation.............................................................. 76
5.3.3 DIMM Installation ........................................................................................... 78
5.3.4 CF Card Installation........................................................................................ 79
5.4 JUMPER SETTINGS .................................................................................................... 80
5.4.1 CF Card Setup ................................................................................................. 81
5.4.2 Clear CMOS Jumper........................................................................................ 82
5.4.3 LVDS Voltage Selection.................................................................................... 84
5.5 CHASSIS INSTALLATION ........................................................................................... 85
5.5.1 Airflow.............................................................................................................. 85
5.6 INTERNAL PERIPHERAL DEVICE CONNECTIONS........................................................ 86
5.6.1 Peripheral Device Cables ................................................................................ 86
5.6.2 IDE Cable Connection..................................................................................... 87
5.6.3 5.1 Channel Audio Kit Installation .................................................................. 88
5.6.4 7.1 Channel Audio Kit Installation .................................................................. 89
5.6.5 Keyboard/Mouse Y-cable Connector ............................................................... 91
5.6.6 Parallel Port Cable without Bracket ............................................................... 92
5.6.7 Dual RS-232 Cable with Slot Bracket.............................................................. 94
5.6.8 SATA Drive Connection ................................................................................... 95
5.6.9 USB Cable (Dual Port) with Slot Bracket ....................................................... 97
5.7 EXTERNAL PERIPHERAL INTERFACE CONNECTION ................................................... 99
5.7.1 LAN Connection (Single Connector) ............................................................... 99
5.7.2 S-video Cable Connection.............................................................................. 100
5.7.3 USB Device Connection (Single Connector) ................................................. 101
5.7.4 VGA Monitor Connection .............................................................................. 102
6
AMI BIOS.............................................................................................................. 105
6.1 INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................................... 106
6.1.1 Starting Setup................................................................................................. 106
6.1.2 Using Setup .................................................................................................... 106
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6.1.3 Getting Help................................................................................................... 107
6.1.4 Unable to Reboot After Configuration Changes............................................ 107
6.1.5 BIOS Menu Bar.............................................................................................. 107
6.2 MAIN ..................................................................................................................... 108
6.3 ADVANCED ............................................................................................................. 109
6.3.1 CPU Configuration.........................................................................................110
6.3.2 IDE Configuration ..........................................................................................112
6.3.2.1 IDE Master, IDE Slave ............................................................................113
6.3.3 Super IO Configuration...................................................................................119
6.3.4 Hardware Health Configuration.................................................................... 122
6.3.5 ACPI Configuration ....................................................................................... 127
6.3.5.1 General ACPI Configuration................................................................... 129
6.3.6 APM Configuration........................................................................................ 130
6.3.7 MPS Configuration ........................................................................................ 133
6.3.8 Remote Access Configuration ........................................................................ 134
6.3.9 USB Configuration......................................................................................... 138
6.4 PCI/PNP ................................................................................................................ 141
6.5 BOOT ..................................................................................................................... 148
6.5.1 Boot Settings Configuration........................................................................... 148
6.5.2 Boot Device Priority ...................................................................................... 151
6.5.3 Hard Disk Drives ........................................................................................... 153
6.6 SECURITY............................................................................................................... 155
6.7 CHIPSET ................................................................................................................. 156
6.7.1 NorthBridge Configuration............................................................................ 157
6.7.1.1 Video Function Configuration ................................................................ 163
6.7.2 SouthBridge Chipset Configuration............................................................... 165
6.8 EXIT ....................................................................................................................... 167
7
DRIVER INSTALLATION.................................................................................. 169
7.1 AVAILABLE SOFTWARE DRIVERS ............................................................................ 170
7.2 DRIVER CD AUTO-RUN .......................................................................................... 170
7.3 CHIPSET DRIVER INSTALLATION............................................................................. 172
7.4 INTEL GRAPHICS MEDIA ACCELERATOR DRIVER ................................................... 177
7.5 BROADCOM LAN DRIVER (FOR GBE LAN) INSTALLATION .................................. 183
7.6 REALTEK HD AUDIO DRIVER (ALC883) INSTALLATION ....................................... 189
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
7.6.1 BIOS Setup ..................................................................................................... 189
7.6.2 Driver Installation ......................................................................................... 189
7.7 REALTEK AC`97 AUDIO DRIVER (ALC665) INSTALLATION .................................. 193
7.7.1 BIOS Setup ..................................................................................................... 193
7.7.2 Driver Installation ......................................................................................... 193
7.8 INTEL MATRIX STORAGE MANAGER INSTALLATION ............................................... 201
A
BIOS OPTIONS .................................................................................................... 207
B
DIO INTERFACE..................................................................................................211
B.1 DIO INTERFACE INTRODUCTION ........................................................................... 212
B.2 DIO CONNECTOR PINOUTS ................................................................................... 212
B.3 ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE SAMPLES ........................................................................... 213
B.3.1 Enable the DIO Input Function..................................................................... 213
B.3.2 Enable the DIO Output Function .................................................................. 213
C
WATCHDOG TIMER .......................................................................................... 215
D
ADDRESS MAPPING.......................................................................................... 219
D.1 ADDRESS MAP ...................................................................................................... 220
D.2 1ST MB MEMORY ADDRESS MAP ......................................................................... 220
D.3 IRQ MAPPING TABLE ............................................................................................ 221
D.4 DMA CHANNEL ASSIGNMENTS ............................................................................. 221
E
INTEL® MATRIX STORAGE MANAGER ...................................................... 223
E.1 INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................................... 224
E.1.1 Precautions .................................................................................................... 224
E.2 FEATURES AND BENEFITS ...................................................................................... 225
E.3 ACCESSING THE INTEL® MATRIX STORAGE MANAGER .......................................... 225
E.4 RAID CONFIGURATION ......................................................................................... 226
E.4.1 Creating a RAID Volume ............................................................................... 226
E.4.2 Deleting a RAID Volume................................................................................ 231
E.4.3 Resetting a Disk to Non-RAID....................................................................... 233
E.4.4 Exiting the Matrix Storage Manager............................................................. 236
INDEX............................................................................................................................ 237
Page x
List of Figures
Figure 1-1: PICOe-9452 Overview [Front View] ...........................................................................3
Figure 1-2: PICOe-9452 Overview [Rear View].............................................................................4
Figure 2-1: PICOe-9452 Dimensions (mm) ...................................................................................8
Figure 2-2: External Interface Panel Dimensions (mm) ..............................................................9
Figure 2-3: Data Flow Block Diagram .........................................................................................10
Figure 2-4: 240-pin DDR2 DIMM Sockets ...................................................................................13
Figure 2-5: PCIe GbE LAN Chipset and Connector...................................................................14
Figure 2-6: 10Mbps or 100Mbps LAN Controller Chipset and Connector ..............................18
Figure 2-7: PCI Golden finger......................................................................................................19
Figure 2-8: PCIe x4 Golden finger...............................................................................................20
Figure 2-9: Onboard USB Implementation .................................................................................21
Figure 2-10: LPC Bus Components ............................................................................................22
Figure 4-1: Connector and Jumper Locations...........................................................................38
Figure 4-2: Connector and Jumper Locations (Solder Side) ...................................................39
Figure 4-3: +12V ATX Power Connector Location .....................................................................41
Figure 4-4: Audio Connector Pinouts (10-pin) ...........................................................................42
Figure 4-5: Panel Backlight Connector Pinout Locations ........................................................43
Figure 4-6: Backplane to Mainboard Connector Location .......................................................45
Figure 4-7: CF Card Socket Location .........................................................................................46
Figure 4-8: DIO Connector Connector Locations......................................................................48
Figure 4-9: +12V Fan Connector Location .................................................................................50
Figure 4-10: Front Panel Connector Pinout Locations .............................................................51
Figure 4-11: IDE Device Connector Locations...........................................................................53
Figure 4-12: Infrared Connector Pinout Locations ...................................................................54
Figure 4-13: Keyboard/Mouse Connector Location ..................................................................55
Figure 4-14: LVDS LCD Connector Pinout Locations ...............................................................57
Figure 4-15: Parallel Port Connector Location ..........................................................................58
Figure 4-16: SATA Drive Connector Locations ..........................................................................60
Figure 4-17: COM1 and COM2 Connector Pinout Locations ...................................................61
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Figure 4-18: USB Connector Pinout Locations .........................................................................63
Figure 4-19: PICOe-9452 External Peripheral Interface Connector .........................................64
Figure 4-20: RJ-45 Ethernet Connector......................................................................................65
Figure 4-21: VGA Connector........................................................................................................67
Figure 5-1: Make sure the CPU socket retention screw is unlocked ......................................74
Figure 5-2: Lock the CPU Socket Retention Screw...................................................................75
Figure 5-3: IEI CF-479B-RS Cooling Kit......................................................................................76
Figure 5-4: Cooling Kit Support Bracket ....................................................................................77
Figure 5-5: Connect the cooling fan cable.................................................................................77
Figure 5-6: Installing a DIMM .......................................................................................................78
Figure 5-7: CF Card Installation ..................................................................................................80
Figure 5-8: Jumper Locations .....................................................................................................80
Figure 5-9: CF Card Setup Jumper Location .............................................................................82
Figure 5-10: Clear CMOS Jumper ...............................................................................................83
Figure 5-11: LVDS Voltage Selection Jumper Pinout Locations..............................................85
Figure 5-12: IDE Cable Connection.............................................................................................87
Figure 5-13: 5.1 Channel Audio Kit .............................................................................................89
Figure 5-14: 5.1 Channel Audio Kit .............................................................................................90
Figure 1-45: Keyboard/mouse Y-cable Connection ..................................................................92
Figure 1-46: LPT Cable Connection............................................................................................93
Figure 1-47: Connect the LPT Device .........................................................................................94
Figure 1-48: Dual RS-232 Cable Installation ..............................................................................95
Figure 5-15: SATA Drive Cable Connection ...............................................................................96
Figure 5-16: SATA Power Drive Connection ..............................................................................97
Figure 1-54: Dual USB Cable Connection ..................................................................................98
Figure 1-58: LAN Connection ................................................................................................... 100
Figure 1-63: S-video Cable Connector .................................................................................... 101
Figure 1-63: USB Device Connection ...................................................................................... 102
Figure 5-17: VGA Connector..................................................................................................... 103
Figure 6-1: Video Function Configuration............................................................................... 163
Figure 7-1: Introduction Screen ............................................................................................... 171
Figure 7-2: Available Drivers .................................................................................................... 172
Figure 7-3: Chipset Driver Installation Program..................................................................... 173
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Figure 7-4: Chipset Driver Installation Welcome Screen....................................................... 174
Figure 7-5: Chipset Driver Installation License Agreement .................................................. 175
Figure 7-6: Chipset Driver Readme File Information ............................................................. 176
Figure 7-7: Chipset Driver Installation Complete ................................................................... 177
Figure 7-8: Select the Operating System ................................................................................ 178
Figure 7-9: VGA Driver .............................................................................................................. 179
Figure 7-10: GMA Driver Readme File ..................................................................................... 180
Figure 7-11: GMA Driver File Extraction.................................................................................. 180
Figure 7-12: GMA Driver Installation Welcome Screen.......................................................... 181
Figure 7-13: GMA Driver License Agreement ......................................................................... 182
Figure 7-14: GMA Driver Installing Notice............................................................................... 182
Figure 7-15: GMA Driver Installation Complete ...................................................................... 183
Figure 7-16: Access Windows Control Panel ......................................................................... 184
Figure 7-17: Double Click the System Icon............................................................................. 185
Figure 7-18: Double Click the Device Manager Tab ............................................................... 185
Figure 7-19: Device Manager List ............................................................................................ 186
Figure 7-20: Search for Suitable Driver ................................................................................... 187
Figure 7-21: Locate Driver Files ............................................................................................... 188
Figure 7-22: Location Browsing Window ................................................................................ 188
Figure 7-23: 4-AUDIO\AC-KIT883HD\Windows Folder ........................................................... 189
Figure 7-24: HD Audio Driver Setup Extracting Files............................................................. 190
Figure 7-25: HD Audio Driver Setup Welcome Screen........................................................... 191
Figure 7-26: HD Audio Driver Installation Complete .............................................................. 192
Figure 7-27: CD 4-AUDIO\AC-KIT08R\Windows Folder ......................................................... 194
Figure 7-28: AC`97 Audio Driver Install Shield Wizard Starting............................................ 194
Figure 7-29: AC`97 Audio Driver Setup Preparation .............................................................. 195
Figure 7-30: AC`97 Audio Driver Welcome Screen................................................................. 196
Figure 7-31: AC`97 Audio Driver Software Configuration ..................................................... 197
Figure 7-32: AC`97 Audio Driver Digital Signal....................................................................... 198
Figure 7-33: AC`97 Audio Driver Installation Begins ............................................................. 199
Figure 7-34: AC`97 Audio Driver Installation Complete ......................................................... 200
Figure 7-35: SATA RAID Driver Installation Program ............................................................. 201
Figure 7-36: SATA RAID Setup Program Icon ......................................................................... 202
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Figure 7-37: InstallShield Wizard Setup Screen ..................................................................... 202
Figure 7-38: Matrix Storage Manager Setup Screen .............................................................. 203
Figure 7-39: Matrix Storage Manager Welcome Screen ........................................................ 203
Figure 7-40: Matrix Storage Manager Warning Screen .......................................................... 204
Figure 7-41: Matrix Storage Manager License Agreement .................................................... 204
Figure 7-42: Matrix Storage Manager Readme File ................................................................ 205
Figure 7-43: Matrix Storage Manager Setup Complete.......................................................... 206
Page xiv
List of Tables
Table 1-1: Technical Specifications ..............................................................................................6
Table 2-1: Processor Features ....................................................................................................11
Table 2-2: Supported Processors ...............................................................................................12
Table 2-3: Supported HDD Specifications..................................................................................18
Table 2-4: Power Consumption ...................................................................................................28
Table 2-5: Compatible IEI PICOe Backplanes ............................................................................29
Table 2-6: Compatible IEI Chassis ..............................................................................................30
Table 3-1: Package List Contents................................................................................................34
Table 3-2: Optional Items .............................................................................................................35
Table 4-1: Peripheral Interface Connectors ...............................................................................40
Table 4-2: Rear Panel Connectors ..............................................................................................40
Table 4-3: +12V ATX Power Connector Pinouts.........................................................................42
Table 4-4: Audio Connector Pinouts (10-pin).............................................................................43
Table 4-5: Panel Backlight Connector Pinouts ..........................................................................44
Table 4-6: Backplane to Mainboard Connector Pinouts ...........................................................45
Table 4-7: CF Card Socket Pinouts .............................................................................................47
Table 4-8: DIO Connector Connector Pinouts ...........................................................................49
Table 4-9: +12V Fan Connector Pinouts .....................................................................................50
Table 4-10: Front Panel Connector Pinouts ...............................................................................51
Table 4-11: IDE Connector Pinouts .............................................................................................54
Table 4-12: Infrared Connector Pinouts .....................................................................................55
Table 4-13: Keyboard/Mouse Connector Pinouts......................................................................56
Table 4-14: LVDS LCD Port Connector Pinouts.........................................................................58
Table 4-15: Parallel Port Connector Pinouts..............................................................................59
Table 4-16: SATA Drive Connector Pinouts................................................................................60
Table 4-17: COM3 and COM4.......................................................................................................62
Table 4-18: USB Port Connector Pinouts ...................................................................................63
Table 4-19: LAN Pinouts...............................................................................................................64
Table 4-20: RJ-45 Ethernet Connector LEDs .............................................................................65
Table 4-21: TV1 Pinouts ...............................................................................................................66
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Table 4-22: USB Port Pinouts ......................................................................................................66
Table 4-23: VGA Connector Pinouts ...........................................................................................67
Table 5-1: Jumpers .......................................................................................................................81
Table 5-2: CF Card Setup Jumper Settings................................................................................81
Table 5-3: Clear CMOS Jumper Settings ....................................................................................83
Table 5-4: LVDS Voltage Selection Jumper Settings.................................................................84
Table 5-5: IEI Provided Cables ....................................................................................................86
Table 6-1: BIOS Navigation Keys ............................................................................................. 107
Page xvi
BIOS Menus
Menu 1: Main .............................................................................................................................. 108
Menu 2: Advanced ......................................................................................................................110
Menu 3: CPU Configuration.......................................................................................................111
Menu 4: IDE Configuration ........................................................................................................112
Menu 5: IDE Master and IDE Slave Configuration...................................................................114
Menu 6: Super IO Configuration ...............................................................................................119
Menu 7: Hardware Health Configuration ................................................................................. 123
Menu 8: ACPI Configuration ..................................................................................................... 128
Menu 9: General ACPI Configuration [Advanced\ ACPI Configuration] .............................. 129
Menu 10:Advanced Power Management Configuration ........................................................ 131
Menu 11: MPS Configuration.................................................................................................... 134
Menu 12: Remote Access Configuration [Advanced] ............................................................ 135
Menu 13: USB Configuration.................................................................................................... 139
Menu 14: PCI/PnP Configuration ............................................................................................. 143
Menu 15: Boot ............................................................................................................................ 148
Menu 16: Boot Settings Configuration .................................................................................... 149
Menu 17: Boot Device Priority Settings .................................................................................. 152
Menu 18: Hard Disk Drives ....................................................................................................... 154
Menu 19: Security ...................................................................................................................... 155
Menu 20: Chipset ....................................................................................................................... 157
Menu 21:NorthBridge Chipset Configuration ......................................................................... 158
Menu 22:SouthBridge Chipset Configuration......................................................................... 166
Menu 23:Exit............................................................................................................................... 167
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Glossary
AC ’97
Audio Codec 97
HDD
Hard Disk Drive
ACPI
Advanced Configuration and
IDE
Integrated Data Electronics
Power Interface
I/O
Input/Output
APM
Advanced Power Management
ICH4
I/O Controller Hub 4
ARMD
ATAPI Removable Media Device
L1 Cache Level 1 Cache
ASKIR
Shift Keyed Infrared
L2 Cache Level 2 Cache
ATA
Advanced Technology
LCD
Liquid Crystal Display
Attachments
LPT
Parallel Port Connector
BIOS
Basic Input/Output System
LVDS
Low Voltage Differential Signaling
CFII
Compact Flash Type 2
MAC
Media Access Controller
CMOS
Complementary Metal Oxide
OS
Operating System
Semiconductor
PCI
Peripheral Connect Interface
CPU
Central Processing Unit
PIO
Programmed Input Output
Codec
Compressor/Decompressor
PnP
Plug and Play
COM
Serial Port
POST
Power On Self Test
DAC
Digital to Analog Converter
RAM
Random Access Memory
DDR
Double Data Rate
SATA
Serial ATA
DIMM
Dual Inline Memory Module
S.M.A.R.T Self Monitoring Analysis and
DIO
Digital Input/Output
DMA
Direct Memory Access
SPD
Serial Presence Detect
EIDE
Enhanced IDE
S/PDI
Sony/Philips Digital Interface
EIST
Enhanced Intel SpeedStep
SDRAM
Synchronous Dynamic Random
Reporting Technology
Access Memory
Technology
FDD
Floppy Disk Drive
SIR
Serial Infrared
FDC
Floppy Disk Connector
UART
Universal Asynchronous
FFIO
Flexible File Input/Output
FIFO
First In/First Out
USB
Universal Serial Bus
FSB
Front Side Bus
VGA
Video Graphics Adapter
IrDA
Infrared Data Association
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Receiver-transmitter
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
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Page xix
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Chapter
1
1 Introduction
Page 1
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
1.1 Introduction
The half-size PICOe-9452 CPU card is a Socket 479 Intel® Core™2 Duo, Intel® Core™
Duo, Intel® Core™ Solo or Intel® Celeron M (Yohan core) CPU platform. The
PICOe-9452 has a maximum front side bus (FSB) frequency of 667MHz and supports
667MHz 2GB dual channel memory modules. The PICOe-9452 also comes with multiple
display options, dual PCI Express (PCIe) Gigabit Ethernet (GbE) and has flexible storage
options including support for two second-generation serial ATA (SATA) hard disk drives
(HDD), two IDE HDD and a CompactFlash® Type II (CF Type II) disk.
1.1.1 PICOe-9452 Benefits
Some of the PICOe-9452 benefits are listed below:
Multiple display output options
Storage flexibility with support for SATA II drives, IDE drives and
CompactFlash (CF) disks
DDR2 support enables faster data transfers
Multiple I/O interfaces provide connectivity to a broad range of external
peripheral devices
1.1.2 PICOe-9452 Features
Some of the PICOe-9452 features are listed below.
Support for the following Socket 479 processors:
o
o
o
o
Intel® Core™2 Duo
Intel® Core™ Duo
Intel® Core™ Solo
Intel® Celeron® M
Maximum FSB of 667MHz
Maximum of 4GB of memory supported with two 240-pin dual channel
400MHz, 533MHz or 667MHz 2GB DDR2 DIMMs
Two SATA II drives with transfer rates of 3.0Gb/s supported
Two Ultra ATA 100, Ultra ATA 66 or Ultra ATA 33 IDE HDDs supported
Five USB 2.0 devices supported
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Dual PCIe GbE Ethernet connectivity
Multiple display options including CRT,HDTV and dual-channel LVDS
Half-size form factor
RoHS compliant
Supports AT and ATX power supplies
1.2 PICOe-9452 Overview
1.2.1 PICOe-9452 Overview Photo
The PICOe-9452 has a wide variety of internal and external peripheral connectors. A
labeled photo of the peripheral connectors on the front of the PICOe-9452 is shown in
Figure 1-1.
Figure 1-1: PICOe-9452 Overview [Front View]
A labeled photo of the peripheral connectors on the back of the PICOe-9452 is shown in
Figure 1-1.
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Figure 1-2: PICOe-9452 Overview [Rear View]
1.2.2 PICOe-9452 Peripheral Connectors and Jumpers
The PICOe-9452 has the following connectors on-board:
1 x Audio connector
1 x Backplane power connector
1 x Compact flash connector
1 x Digital input/output connector
1 x Fan connector
1 x Front panel connector
1 x IDE disk drive connector
1 x Infrared interface connector
1 x Inverter connector
1 x Keyboard and mouse connector
1 x LVDS connector
2 x Serial port connectors (internal COM 1 and COM 2 RS-232)
1 x Parallel port connector
2 x Serial ATA (SATA) drive connectors
2 x USB connectors
The PICOe-9452 has the following external peripheral interface connectors on the board
rear panel
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
2 x Ethernet connectors
1 x USB port connectors
1 x TV Out Mini DIN connector
1 x VGA connector
The PICOe-9452 has the following on-board jumpers:
Clear CMOS
CF Card setup
LVDS voltage selection
1.2.3 Technical Specifications
PICOe-9452 technical specifications are listed in Table 1-1. See Chapter 2 for details.
Specification
PICOe-9452
Form Factor
Half-size
Socket 479 Intel® Core™2 Duo
Socket 479 Intel® Core™ Duo
System CPU
Socket 479 Intel® Core™ Solo
Socket 479 Intel® Celeron M (Yonah core)
Front Side Bus
400MHz, 533Mhz, or 667MHz
Northbridge: Intel® 945GM
System Chipset
Southbridge: Intel® ICH7-M
Two 240-pin DIMM sockets support two dual-channel
Memory
400MHz, 533MHz or 667MHz DDR2 DIMMs with a maximum
capacity of 2GB each
CRT: Integrated in the Intel® 945GM to support CRT
Display
LVDS: Dual channel 18-bit LVDS LCD panel
HDTV: Supported by component interface
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Specification
PICOe-9452
BIOS
AMI Flash BIOS
Audio
7.1 channel or 5.1 channel audio with an optional AC-KIT
Intel® 82573 PCIe GbE chipset
LAN
Intel® 82562 Ethernet chipset
COM
Two RS-232 serial ports
USB2.0
Four USB 2.0 devices supported
IDE
One 44-pin IDE connects to two Ultra ATA33/66/100 devices
SATA
Two 3.0Gb/s SATA drives supported
Keyboard/Mouse
One 6-pin connector connects to a keyboard
Super I/O
ITE IT8712FHX
Digital I/O
One 8-bit digital I/O connector (4-bit input / 4-bit output)
Infrared
One Infrared connector
SSD
CF Type II
Watchdog Timer
Software programmable 1-255 sec. by super I/O
Power Supply
AT and ATX supported
Temperature
0ºC – 60ºC (32ºF - 140ºF)
Humidity (operating)
5%~95% non-condensing
Dimensions (LxW)
185mm x 122mm
Weight (GW/NW)
1000g/ 171g
Table 1-1: Technical Specifications
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Chapter
2
2 Detailed Specifications
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
2.1 Overview
This chapter describes the specifications and on-board features of the PICOe-9452 in
detail.
2.2 Dimensions
2.2.1 Board Dimensions
The dimensions of the board are listed below:
Length:
185mm
Width:
122mm
Figure 2-1: PICOe-9452 Dimensions (mm)
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
2.2.2 External Interface Panel Dimensions
External peripheral interface connector panel dimensions are shown in Figure 2-2.
Figure 2-2: External Interface Panel Dimensions (mm)
2.3 Data Flow
Figure 2-3 shows the data flow between the two on-board chipsets and other components
installed on the motherboard and described in the following sections of this chapter.
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Figure 2-3: Data Flow Block Diagram
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
2.4 Compatible Processors
2.4.1 Compatible Processor Overview
The PICOe-9452 supports the following socket 479 processors:
Intel® Core™2 Duo Mobile processors
Intel® Core™ Duo processors
Intel® Core™ Solo processors
Intel® Celeron® M processors
All three of the above processors communicate with the Intel
®
945GM northbridge chipset
through a 667MHz front side bus (FSB). Features of the supported processors are listed in
Table 2-1.
CPU Features
Core™2 Duo Mobile
Core™ Duo
Core™ Solo
Celeron® M
Dual core
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
EM64T
Yes
No
No
No
Virtualization
Yes
Yes
No
No
Enhanced Halt State (C1E)
Enhanced Intel
®
®
Speedstep
Technolgy
Execute Disable Bit
®
Intel
®
Intel
Technology
Table 2-1: Processor Features
2.4.2 Supported Processors
Specifications for the compatible processors are listed in Table 2-2 below:
Family
CPU Speed Processor # Bus Speed
Mfg Tech
Stepping
Cache Size
Core™2 Duo Mobile
2.33 GHz
T7600
667 MHz
65 nm
B2
4 MB
2.16 GHz
T7400
667 MHz
65 nm
B2
4 MB
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Family
CPU Speed Processor # Bus Speed
Mfg Tech
Stepping
Cache Size
2 GHz
T7200
667 MHz
65 nm
B2
4 MB
1.83 GHz
T5600
667 MHz
65 nm
B2
2 MB
1.66 GHz
T5500
667 MHz
65 nm
B2
2 MB
2 GHz
T2500
667 MHz
65 nm
C0
2 MB
1.66 GHz
T2300E
667 MHz
65 nm
C0
2 MB
Core™ Solo
1.83 GHz
T1400
667 MHz
65 nm
C0
2 MB
Celeron® M
2 GHz
450
533 MHz
65 nm
D0
1 MB
1.86 GHz
440
533 MHz
65 nm
D0
1 MB
1.73 GHz
430
533 MHz
65 nm
C0
1 MB
1.73 GHz
430
533 MHz
65 nm
D0
1 MB
1.73GHz
530
533 MHz
65 nm
-
1 MB
1.60 GHz
520
533 MHz
65 nm
B2
1 MB
1.46 GHz
410
533 MHz
65 nm
C0
1 MB
Core™ Duo
Table 2-2: Supported Processors
2.5 Intel® 945GM Northbridge Chipset
2.5.1 Intel® 945GM Overview
The Intel® 945GM northbridge chipset has the Generation 3.1 Intel Integrated Graphics
Engine and the Intel® Graphics Media Accelerator 950 (Intel® GMA 950). The integrated
graphics and memory controller hub (GMCH) facilitates the flow of information primarily
between the following four interfaces:
Front Side Bus (FSB)
System Memory Interface
Graphics Interface
Direct Media Interface (DMI)
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
2.5.2 Intel® 945GM Memory Support
WARNING:
Only DDR2 memory module can be installed on the PICOe-9452. Do
not install DDR memory modules. If a DDR memory module is installed
on the PICOe-9452, the PICOe-9452 may be irreparably damaged.
The Intel® 945GM northbridge chipset on the PICOe-9452 supports two DDR2 240-pin
DIMMs with the following features:
Two 240-pin DIMMs
DDR2 only (DO NOT install a DDR DIMM)
Single-channel or dual-channel
Capacities of 256MB, 512MB, 1GB or 2GB
Transfer speeds of 400MHz, 533MHz or 667MHz
64-bit wide channel
The memory socket is shown in Figure 2-4.
Figure 2-4: 240-pin DDR2 DIMM Sockets
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
2.5.3 Intel® 945GM PCIe x1 Bus: PCIe GbE Ethernet Controller
One lane of the PCIe (PCIe x1) bus on the Intel® 945GM northbridge chipset is interfaced
to an external RJ-45 LAN connector (LAN1) through an Intel® PC82573V PCIe GbE
controller. The PCIe GbE controller and the LAN1 RJ-45 connector are shown in Figure
2-5. For more detailed information about the Intel® PC82573V PCIe GbE controller,
please refer to Section below.
Figure 2-5: PCIe GbE LAN Chipset and Connector
2.5.4 Intel® 945GM Integrated Graphics
The Intel® 945GM northbridge chipset has an Intel® Gen. 3.5 integrated graphics engine
that supports the following display devices:
Analog CRT
LVDS
TV-Out
S-DVO ports
2.5.4.1 Intel® 945GM Analog CRT Support
A DB-15 VGA connector on the external peripheral interface connector panel is interfaced
to the Intel® 945GM graphics engine. The Intel® 945GM internal graphics engine, with an
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
integrated 400MHz RAMDAC and hot plug CRT support, supports analog CRT monitors
up to QXGA.
2.5.4.2 Intel® 945GM LVDS Support
A 30-pin LVDS crimp connector is interfaced to the Intel® 945GM graphics engine. The
Intel® 945GM internal graphics engine supports LVDS displays with the following
features:
Up to UXGA monitors with a maximum resolution of 1600 x 1200
18-bit 25MHz to 112MHz single-channel or dual-channel LVDS screens
CPIS 1.5 compliant LVDS screens
2.5.4.3 Intel® 945GM TV Out Support
An external 7-pin DIN TV output connector is interfaced to the Intel® 945GM graphics
engine. The Intel® 945GM internal graphics engine has the following TV output features:
Three integrated 10-bit DACs
Macrovision support
Overscaling
NTSC and PAL formats supported
Supports RCA or S-VIDEO connectivity
Supports HDTV with the following resolutions:
o
o
o
o
480p
720p
1080i
1080p
2.5.4.4 Intel® 945GM SDVO Support
The Intel® 945GM internal graphics engine has the following SDVO output features:
Concurrent operation of PCIe x 1 with SDVO
Two SDVO ports supported
o
o
SDVO is muxed onto the PCIe pins
DVI 1.0 support for external digital monitor
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
o
o
o
Only Downstream HDCP support
Supports TV and DVD formats
Display hot plug support
2.5.5 Intel® 945GM Direct Media Interface (DMI)
Intel® 945GM northbridge GMCH is connected to the Intel® ICH7-M Southbridge Chipset
through the chip-to-chip Direct Media Interface (DMI). Features of the Intel® 945GM DMI
are listed below:
2GB/s (1GB/s in each direction) bus speed
32-bit downstream address
2.6 Intel® ICH7-M Southbridge Chipset
2.6.1 Intel® ICH7-M Overview
The Intel® ICH7-M southbridge chipset is connected to the Intel® 945GM northbridge
GMCH through the chip-to-chip Direct Media Interface (DMI). Some of the features of the
Intel® ICH7-M are listed below.
Complies with PCI Express Base Specification, Revision 1.0a
Complies with PCI Local Bus Specification, Revision 2.3 and supports 33MHz
PCI operations
Supports ACPI Power Management Logic
Contains:
o
o
o
Enhanced DMA controller
Interrupt controller
Timer functions
Integrated SATA host controller with DMA operations interfaced to four SATA
connectors on the PICOe-9452
Integrated IDE controller supports Ultra ATA 100/66/33
Supports the four USB 2.0 devices on the PICOe-9452 with four UHCI
controllers and one EHCI controller
Complies with System Management Bus (SMBus) Specification, Version 2.0
Supports Audio Codec ’97 (AC’97) Revision 2.3
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Supports Intel® High Definition Audio
Contains Low Pin Count (LPC) interface
Supports Firmware Hub (FWH) interface
Serial peripheral interface support
2.6.2 Intel® ICH7-M Audio Codec ’97 Controller
The Audio Codec ’97 (AC’97) controller integrated into the ICH7-M complies with AC’97
Component Specification, Version 2.3. The AC’97 controller is connected to the onboard
audio connector. The audio connector is connected to an optional 5.1 channel or 7.1
channel audio kit with an embedded AC’97 audio codec. The AC’97 controller supports up
to six PCM audio output channels. Complete surround sound requires six-channel audio
consisting of:
Front left
Front right
Back left
Back right
Center
Subwoofer
2.6.3 Intel® ICH7-M Ethernet Connection
An integrated PHY on the Intel® ICH7-M southbridge is interfaced to an Intel®
EP82562ET 10Mbps or 100Mbps Ethernet controller. The Intel® EP82562ET controller is
then connected to the LAN2 RJ-45 connector. See Figure 2-6 below. For more details on
the Intel® EP82562ET controller, please see below.
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Figure 2-6: 10Mbps or 100Mbps LAN Controller Chipset and Connector
2.6.4 Intel® ICH7-M IDE Interface
The integrated IDE interface on the ICH7-M southbridge supports two IDE hard disks and
ATAPI devices. PIO IDE transfers up to 16MB/s and Ultra ATA transfers of 100MB/s. The
integrated IDE interface is able to support the following IDE HDDs:
Ultra ATA/100, with data transfer rates up to 100MB/s
Ultra ATA/66, with data transfer rates up to 66MB/s
Ultra ATA/33, with data transfer rates up to 33MB/s
Specification
Ultra ATA/100
Ultra ATA/66
Ultra ATA/100
IDE devices
2
2
2
PIO Mode
0–4
0–4
0–4
PIO Max Transfer Rate
16.6 MB/s
16.6 MB/s
16.6 MB/s
DMA/UDMA designation
UDMA 3 - 4
UDMA 3 – 4
UDMA 2
DMA/UDMA Max Transfer
100MB/s
66MB/s
33MB/s
Controller Interface
5V
5V
5V
Table 2-3: Supported HDD Specifications
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
2.6.5 Intel® ICH7-M Low Pin Count (LPC) Interface
The ICH7-M LPC interface complies with the LPC 1.1 specifications. The LPC bus from
the ICH6 is connected to the following components:
BIOS chipset
Super I/O chipset
2.6.6 Intel® ICH7-M PCI Interface
The PCI interface on the ICH7-M is compliant with the PCI Revision 2.3 implementation.
Some of the features of the PCI interface are listed below.
PCI Revision 2.3 compliant
33MHz
5V tolerant PCI signals (except PME#)
Integrated PCI arbiter supports up to seven PCI bus masters
The PCI bus is connected to an interface gold finger on the bottom of the CPU cards and
supports four expansion PCI cards on the backplane.
Figure 2-7: PCI Golden finger
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
2.6.7 Intel® ICH7-M PCIe x4 Bus
The Intel® ICH7-M southbridge chipset has four PCIe lanes. The four PCIe lanes are
interfaced through a golden finger on the bottom of the CPU card through a compatible
half-size backplane to either four PCIe x1 expansion cards or one PCIe x4 expansion card
on. The PCIe x4 golden finger is shown in Figure 2-8 below.
Figure 2-8: PCIe x4 Golden finger
2.6.8 Intel® ICH7-M Real Time Clock
256 bytes of battery backed RAM is provided by the Motorola MC146818A real time clock
(RTC) integrated into the ICH6. The RTC operates on a 3V battery and 32.768KHz crystal.
The RTC keeps track of the time and stores system data even when the system is turned
off.
2.6.9 Intel® ICH7-M SATA Controller
The integrated SATA controller on the ICH7-M southbridge supports four SATA drives on
the PICOe-9452 with independent DMA operations. SATA controller specifications are
listed below.
Supports four SATA drives
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Supports 3Gb/s data transfer speeds
Supports Serial ATA Specification, Revision 1.0a
2.6.10 Intel® ICH7-M USB Controller
Up to five high-speed, full-speed or low-speed USB devices are supported by the ICH7-M
on the PICOe-9452. High-speed USB 2.0, with data transfers of up to 480MB/s, is enabled
with the ICH7-M integrated Enhanced Host Controller Interface (EHCI) compliant host
controller. USB full-speed and low-speed signaling is supported by the ICH7-M integrated
Universal Host Controller Interface (UHCI) controllers.
The five USB ports implemented on the PICOe-9452 are connected to two internal
connectors and one external connector. See Figure 2-9.
Figure 2-9: Onboard USB Implementation
2.7 LPC Bus Components
2.7.1 LPC Bus Overview
The LPC bus is connected to components listed below:
BIOS chipset
Super I/O chipset
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
The BIOS chipset and Super I/O chipset are shown in Figure 2-10 below.
Figure 2-10: LPC Bus Components
2.7.2 BIOS Chipset
The BIOS chipset has a licensed copy of AMI BIOS installed on the chipset. Some of the
BIOS features are listed below:
AMI Flash BIOS
SMIBIOS (DMI) compliant
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Console redirection function support
PXE (Pre-boot Execution Environment) support
USB booting support
2.7.3 Super I/O chipset
The iTE IT8712F Super I/O chipset is connected to the Intel® ICH7-M southbridge through
the LPC bus. The iTE IT8712F is an LPC interface-based Super I/O device that comes
with Environment Controller integration. Some of the features of the iTE IT8712F chipset
are listed below:
LPC Interface
PC98/99/2001, ACPI and LANDesk Compliant
Enhanced Hardware Monitor
Fan Speed Controller
SmartGuardian Controller
Single +5V Power Supply
Two 16C550 UARTs for serial port control
One IEEE 1284 Parallel Port
Floppy Disk Controller
Keyboard Controller
Watchdog Timer
Serial IRQ Support
Vbat & Vcch Support
Single +5V Power Supply
Some of the Super I/O features are described in more detail below:
2.7.3.1 Super I/O LPC Interface
The LPC interface on the Super I/O complies with the Intel® Low Pin Count Specification
Rev. 1.0. The LPC interface supports both LDRQ# and SERIRQ protocols as well as PCI
PME# interfaces.
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
2.7.3.2 Super I/O 16C550 UARTs
The onboard Super I/O has two integrated 16C550 UARTs that can support the following:
Two standard serial ports (COM1 and COM2)
IrDa 1.0 and ASKIR protocols
2.7.3.3 Super I/O Enhanced Hardware Monitor
The Super I/O Enhanced Hardware Monitor monitors three thermal inputs, VBAT
internally, and eight voltage monitor inputs. These hardware parameters are reported in
the BIOS and can be read from the BIOS Hardware Health Configuration menu.
2.7.3.4 Super I/O Fan Speed Controller
The Super I/O fan speed controller enables the system to monitor the speed of the fan.
One of the pins on the fan connector is reserved for fan speed detection and interfaced to
the fan speed controller on the Super I/O. The fan speed is then reported in the BIOS.
2.7.3.5 Super I/O Parallel Port
The Super I/O parallel port (LPT) supports standard mode, enhanced mode and
high-speed mode parallel port devices. The LPT is compliant with the following LPT
modes.
Standard mode
o
Bi-directional SPP compliant
Enhanced mode
o
o
EPP v1.7 compliant
EPP v1.9 compliant
High-speed mode
o
ECP, IEEE 1284 compliant
2.7.3.6 Super I/O Keyboard/Mouse Controller
The Super I/O keyboard/mouse controller can execute the 8042 instruction set. Some of
the keyboard controller features are listed below:
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
The 8042 instruction is compatible with a PS/2 keyboard and PS/2 mouse
Gate A20 and Keyboard reset output
Supports multiple keyboard power on events
Supports mouse double-click and/or mouse move power on events
2.8 Ethernet LAN Controllers
2.8.1 Ethernet LAN Controllers Overview
As described above (see Section 0 and Section 2.6.3), the PICOe has two Ethernet
controllers, the Intel® PC82573V and the Intel® EP82562ET. These two LAN controllers
are described below.
2.8.2 Intel® PC82573V PCIe GbE Ethernet Controller
2.8.2.1 Intel® PC82573V Overview
The Intel® PC82573V is a PCIe GbE Ethernet controller that interfaces the Intel® 945GM
northbridge chipset to the LAN1 RJ-45 connector. The Intel® 82573 Gigabit Ethernet
Controller provides a standard IEEE 802.3 Ethernet interface for 1000BASE-T,
100BASE-TX, and 10BASE-T applications (802.3, 802.3u, and 802.3ab, respectively).
2 Gbps peak bandwidth per direction
PCI Express Rev 1.0a specification
High bandwidth density per pin
Wide, pipelined internal data path architecture
Optimized transmit (Tx) and receive (Rx) queues
32 KB configurable Rx and Tx first-in/first-out (FIFO)
IEEE 802.3x*-compliant flow-control support with software controllable pause
times and threshold values
Programmable host memory Rx buffers (256 B-16 KB)
Descriptor ring management hardware for Tx and Rx
Mechanism for reducing interrupts from Tx/Rx operations
Integrated PHY for 10/100/1000 Mbps (full- and half-duplex)
IEEE 802.3ab* auto-negotiation support
IEEE 802.3ab PHY compliance and compatibility
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Tx/Rx IP, TCP, and UDP checksum offloading
Tx TCP segmentation
Advanced packet filtering
Intel SingleDriver™ technology
®
Alerting Standards Format 2.0 (82573V only)
Advanced Pass Through (82573V only)
Boot ROM Preboot eXecution Environment (PXE) Flash interface support
SDG 3.0, WfM 3.0 and PC2001 compliant
Wake on LAN support
2.8.3 Intel® EP82562ET PCIe GbE Ethernet Controller
2.8.3.1 Intel® EP82562ET Overview
The Intel® 82562ET is an IEEE 10BASE-T and 100BASE-TX Ethernet controller that
connects the Intel® ICH7-M southbridge chipset to the LAN2 RJ-45 connector. The Intel®
82562ET is designed for 10Mbps or 100Mbps Ethernet systems.
2.8.3.2 Intel® EP82562ET Ethernet Controller
Some features of the Intel® EP82562ET Ethernet controller are written below:
IEEE 802.3 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX compliant physical layer interface
IEEE 802.3u Auto-Negotiation support
Digital Adaptive Equalization control
Link status interrupt capability
XOR Tree mode support for board testing
3-port LED support (speed, link and activity)
10BASE-T auto-polarity correction
Diagnostic loopback mode
1:1 transmit transformer ratio support
Low power (less than 300 mW in active transmit mode)
Reduced power in “unplugged mode” (less than 50 mW)
Automatic detection of “unplugged mode”
3.3 V device
48-pin Shrink Small Outline Package
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Platform LAN connect interface support
2.9 Environmental and Power Specifications
2.9.1 System Monitoring
Three thermal inputs on the PICOe-9452 Super I/O Enhanced Hardware Monitor monitor
the following temperatures:
System temperature
Power temperature
CPU temperature
Eight voltage inputs on the PICOe-9452 Super I/O Enhanced Hardware Monitor monitor
the following voltages:
Vcore
+2.5V
+3.3V
+5.0V
+12.0V
DDR Vtt
+1.5V
5VSB
The PICOe-9452 Super I/O Enhanced Hardware Monitor also monitors the following
voltages internally:
VBAT
The PICOe-9452 Super I/O Enhanced Hardware Monitor also monitors the following fan
speeds:
CPU Fan speed
The values for the above environmental parameters are all recorded in the BIOS
Hardware Health Configuration menu.
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
2.9.2 Operating Temperature and Temperature Control
The maximum and minimum operating temperatures for the PICOe-9452 are listed below.
Minimum Operating Temperature: 0ºC (32°F)
Maximum Operating Temperature: 60°C (140°F)
A cooling fan and heat sink must be installed on the CPU. Thermal paste must be
smeared on the lower side of the heat sink before it is mounted on the CPU. Heat sinks
are also mounted on the northbridge and southbridge chipsets to ensure the operating
temperature of these chips remain low.
2.9.3 Power Consumption
Table 2-4 shows the power consumption parameters for the PICOe-9452 running with a
2.0GHz Intel® Core™2 Duo T2500 processor with a 667MHz FSB and 512MB of 667MHz
DDR2 memory.
Voltage
Current
3.3V
0.77A
5.0V
3.0A
12.0V
0.17A
Table 2-4: Power Consumption
2.10 Expansion Options
2.10.1 Expansion Options Overview
A number of compatible IEI Technology Corp. PICOe backplanes and chassis can be
used to develop and expanded system. These backplanes and chassis are listed below.
2.10.2 IEI Expansion PICOe Backplanes
The backplanes listed in Table 2-5 are compatible with the PICOe-9452 and can be used
to develop highly integrated industrial applications. All of the backplanes listed below have
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
24-pin ATX connector and a 4-pin ATX connector. For more information about these
backplanes please consult the IEI catalog or contact your vendor, reseller or the IEI sales
team at [email protected]
Expansion Slots
Model
Total Slots
PCIe
PCI
x4
x1
HPE-3S1
3
-
-
2
HPE-3S2
3
1
-
1
HPE-4S1
4
-
-
3
HPE-4S2
4
1
-
2
HPE-5S1
5
-
-
4
HPE-5S2
5
1
-
3
HPE-5S3
5
-
2
2
HPE-6S1
6
1
-
4
HPE-6S2
6
-
2
3
HPE-7S1
7
-
2
4
HPE-8S
7
-
2
4
Table 2-5: Compatible IEI PICOe Backplanes
2.10.3 IEI Chassis
IEI chassis available for PICOe-9452 system development are listed in Table 2-6.
For more information about these chassis please consult the IEI catalog or contact your
vendor, reseller or the IEI sales team at [email protected]
Model
PR-1300G
Slot SBC
Half-size
Mounting
Wall
Max Slots
3
Backplanes
HPE-3S1
HPE-3S2
PAC-54G
Half-size
Wall
3
HPE-3S1
HPE-3S2
PAC-42GH
Half-size
Wall
4
HPE-S1
HPE-4S2
Page 29
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Model
PACO-504H
Slot SBC
Half-size
Mounting
Wall
Max Slots
4
Backplanes
HPE-S1
HPE-4S2
PR-1500G
Half-size
Wall
5
HPE-5S1
HPE-5S2
HPE-5S3
PAC-400G
Half-size
Wall
5
HPE-5S1
HPE-5S2
HPE-5S3
PACK-500G
HPE-5S1
HPE-5S2
HPE-5S3
PACO-506H
Half-size
Wall
6
HPE-6S1
HPE-6S2
PACO-700G
Half-size
Wall
7
HPE-7S1
RACK-3400G
Half-size (4U)
Rack
10
HPE-8S
Table 2-6: Compatible IEI Chassis
Page 30
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Chapter
3
3 Unpacking
Page 31
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
3.1 Anti-static Precautions
WARNING:
Failure to take ESD precautions during the installation of the
PICOe-9452 may result in permanent damage to the PICOe-9452 and
severe injury to the user.
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) can cause serious damage to electronic components,
including the PICOe-9452. Dry climates are especially susceptible to ESD. It is therefore
critical that whenever the PICOe-9452, or any other electrical component is handled, the
following anti-static precautions are strictly adhered to.
Wear an anti-static wristband: - Wearing a simple anti-static wristband can
help to prevent ESD from damaging the board.
Self-grounding:- Before handling the board touch any grounded conducting
material. During the time the board is handled, frequently touch any
conducting materials that are connected to the ground.
Use an anti-static pad: When configuring the PICOe-9452, place it on an
antic-static pad. This reduces the possibility of ESD damaging the
PICOe-9452.
Only handle the edges of the PCB:- When handling the PCB, hold the PCB
by the edges.
3.2 Unpacking
3.2.1 Unpacking Precautions
When the PICOe-9452 is unpacked, please do the following:
Follow the anti-static precautions outlined in Section 3.1.
Make sure the packing box is facing upwards so the PICOe-9452 does not fall
out of the box.
Make sure all the components shown in Section 3.3 are present.
Page 32
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
3.3 Unpacking Checklist
NOTE:
If some of the components listed in the checklist below are missing,
please do not proceed with the installation. Contact the IEI reseller or
vendor you purchased the PICOe-9452 from or contact an IEI sales
representative directly. To contact an IEI sales representative, please
send an email to [email protected]
3.3.1 Package Contents
The PICOe-9452 is shipped with the following components:
Quantity
Item and Part Number
1
PICOe-9452
1
IDE-cable
Image
(P/N: 32200-008800)
1
KB/MS PS/2 Y-cable
(P/N: 32000-023800-RS)
2
SATA cables
(P/N: 32000-062800-RS)
1
SATA power cable
(P/N: 32100-088600-RS)
Page 33
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
1
Dual RS-232 cable
(P/N: 19800-000051-RS)
1
Dual USB cable (w bracket)
(P/N:CB-USB02-RS)
1
Mini jumper pack
1
Quick installation guide
1
Utility CD
Table 3-1: Package List Contents
Page 34
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
3.3.2 Optional Items
NOTE:
The items listed in this section are optional items that must be ordered
separately. Please contact your PICOe-9452 vendor, distributor or
reseller for more information or, contact iEi directly by sending an email
to [email protected]
The following optional items are available for the PICOe-9452.
Quantity
1
Item and Part Number
Image
Audio kit_ 5.1 Channel
(P/N: AC-KIT08R-R10)
1
Audio kit_ 7.1 Channel
(P/N: AC-KIT-883HD-R10)
1
Cooling Kit
(P/N: CF-479B-RS)
1
LPT cable (w/o bracket)
(P/N: 32200-015100-RS)
1
S-Video cable
(P/N:320000-083100-RS)
Table 3-2: Optional Items
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
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Page 36
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Chapter
4
4 Connector Pinouts
Page 37
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
4.1 Peripheral Interface Connectors
Section 4.1.2 shows peripheral interface connector locations. Section 4.1.2 lists all the
peripheral interface connectors seen in Section 4.1.2.
4.1.1 PICOe-9452 Layout
Figure 4-1 shows the on-board peripheral connectors, rear panel peripheral connectors
and on-board jumpers.
Figure 4-1: Connector and Jumper Locations
Page 38
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Figure 4-2: Connector and Jumper Locations (Solder Side)
4.1.2 Peripheral Interface Connectors
Table 4-1 shows a list of the peripheral interface connectors on the PICOe-9452. Detailed
descriptions of these connectors can be found below.
Connector
Type
Label
+12V ATX power supply connector
4-pin ATX connector
CPU12V1
Audio connector
9-pin header
J_AUDIO1
Backplane power connector
3-pin wafer
ATXCTL1
Compact Flash (CF) connector
50-pin header
CF1
Digital I/O connector
10-pin header
DIO1
Fan connector
3-pin wafer
CPU_FAN1
Front panel connector
8-pin header
F_PANEL1
IDE Interface connector
44-pin header
PIDE1
Infrared connector
5-pin header
IR1
Page 39
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Connector
Type
Label
Inverter power connector
5-pin header
INVERTER1
Keyboard and mouse connector
6-pin wafer
KB1
LVDS connector
30-pin crimp
LVDS1
Parallel port connector
26-pin header
LPT1
Serial ATA (SATA) connector
7-pin SATA connector
SATA1
Serial ATA (SATA) connector
7-pin SATA connector
SATA2
Serial port connector (COM 1)
10-pin header
COM1
Serial port connector (COM2)
10-pin header
COM2
USB connector
8-pin header
USB1_2
USB connector
8-pin header
USB3_4
Table 4-1: Peripheral Interface Connectors
4.1.3 External Interface Panel Connectors
Table 4-2 lists the rear panel connectors on the PICOe-9452. Detailed descriptions of
these connectors can be found in Section 0 on page 64
Connector
Type
Label
Ethernet connector
RJ-45
LAN1
Ethernet connector
RJ-45
LAN2
TV connector
Mini DIN
TV1
USB port
USB port
USB_C0
VGA port connector
Female DB-15
VGA1
Table 4-2: Rear Panel Connectors
Page 40
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
4.2 Internal Peripheral Connectors
Internal peripheral connectors are found on the motherboard and are only accessible
when the motherboard is outside of the chassis. This section has complete descriptions of
all the internal, peripheral connectors on the PICOe-9452.
4.2.1 +12V ATX Power Supply Connector
CN Label:
CPU12V1
CN Type:
4-pin ATX power connector (1x4)
CN Location:
See Figure 4-3
CN Pinouts:
See Table 4-3
The 4-pin +12V ATX power supply connector is connected to a +12V ATX power supply.
Figure 4-3: +12V ATX Power Connector Location
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
GND
2
GND
3
+12V
Page 41
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
4
+12V
Table 4-3: +12V ATX Power Connector Pinouts
4.2.2 Audio Connector (9-pin)
CN Label:
J_AUDIO1
CN Type:
9-pin header
CN Location:
See Figure 4-4
CN Pinouts:
See Table 4-4
An optional module can be connected to the 10-pin audio connector to provide the system
with a high quality AC’97 or Azalia compatible codec that provides a complete integrated
audio solution.
Figure 4-4: Audio Connector Pinouts (10-pin)
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
AC97_SYNC
2
AC97_BITCLK
3
AC97_SDOUT
4
AC97_PCBEEP
5
AC97_SDIN
6
AC97_RST#
7
AC97_VCC
8
AC97_GND
Page 42
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
9
AC97_12V
Table 4-4: Audio Connector Pinouts (10-pin)
4.2.3 Backlight Inverter Connector
CN Label:
Inverter1
CN Type:
5-pin wafer (1x5)
CN Location:
See Figure 4-5
CN Pinouts:
See Table 4-5
The backlight inverter connector provides the backlight on the LCD display connected to
the PICOe-9452 with +12V of power.
Figure 4-5: Panel Backlight Connector Pinout Locations
Page 43
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
PIN NO. DESCRIPTION
1
BRIGHTNESS
2
GROUND
3
+12V
4
GROUND
5
BACKLIGHT ENABLE
Table 4-5: Panel Backlight Connector Pinouts
4.2.4 Backplane to Mainboard Connector
CN Label:
CN29
CN Type:
3-pin wafer (1x3)
CN Location:
See Figure 4-6
CN Pinouts:
See Table 4-6
The backplane to mainboard connector closes the circuit between the mainboard and the
backplane in which it is installed. The backplane should have an ATX connector and be
powered by an ATX power supply.
Page 44
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Figure 4-6: Backplane to Mainboard Connector Location
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
GND
2
PS_ON#
3
5VSB
Table 4-6: Backplane to Mainboard Connector Pinouts
4.2.5 Compact Flash Socket
CN Label:
CF1 (solder side)
CN Type:
50-pin header (2x25)
CN Location:
See Figure 4-7
CN Pinouts:
See Table 4-7
A CF Type I or Type II memory card is inserted to the CF socket on the solder side of the
PICOe-9452.
Page 45
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Figure 4-7: CF Card Socket Location
Page 46
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
GROUND
26
VCC-IN CHECK1
2
DATA 3
27
DATA 11
3
DATA 4
28
DATA 12
4
DATA 5
29
DATA 13
5
DATA 6
30
DATA 14
6
DATA 7
31
DATA 15
7
HDC_CS0#
32
HDC_CS1
8
N/C
33
N/C
9
GROUND
34
IOR#
10
N/C
35
IOW#
11
N/C
36
VCC_COM
12
N/C
37
IRQ15
13
VCC_COM
38
VCC_COM
14
N/C
39
CSEL
15
N/C
40
N/C
16
N/C
41
HDD_RESET
17
N/C
42
IORDY
18
SA2
43
SDREQ
19
SA1
44
SDACK#
20
SA0
45
HDD_ACTIVE#
21
DATA 0
46
66DET
22
DATA 1
47
DATA 8
23
DATA 2
48
DATA 9
24
N/C
49
DATA 10
25
VCC-IN CHECK2
50
GROUND
Table 4-7: CF Card Socket Pinouts
Page 47
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
4.2.6 Digital Input/Output (DIO) Connector
CN Label:
DIO1
CN Type:
10-pin header (2x5)
CN Location:
See Figure 4-8
CN Pinouts:
See Table 4-8
The digital input/output connector is managed through a Super I/O chip. The DIO
connector pins are user programmable.
Figure 4-8: DIO Connector Connector Locations
Page 48
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
PIN NO. DESCRIPTION
PIN NO. DESCRIPTION
1
GND
2
VCC
3
Output 3
4
Output 2
5
Output 1
6
Output 0
7
Input 3
8
Input 2
9
Input 1
10
Input 0
Table 4-8: DIO Connector Connector Pinouts
4.2.7 Fan Connector (+12V)
CN Label:
J4
CN Type:
3-pin header
CN Location:
See Figure 4-9
CN Pinouts:
See Table 4-9
The cooling fan connector provides a 12V, 500mA current to a system cooling fan. The
connector has a "rotation" pin to get rotation signals from fans and notify the system so the
system BIOS can recognize the fan speed. Please note that only specified fans can issue
the rotation signals.
Page 49
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Figure 4-9: +12V Fan Connector Location
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
Fan Speed Detect
2
+12V
3
GND
Table 4-9: +12V Fan Connector Pinouts
4.2.8 Front Panel Connector (8-pin)
CN Label:
F_PANEL1
CN Type:
8-pin header (2x8)
CN Location:
See Figure 4-10
CN Pinouts:
See Table 4-10
Page 50
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
The front panel connector connects to external switches and indicators to monitor and
controls the motherboard. These indicators and switches include:
Power button
Reset button
Power LED
HDD LED
Figure 4-10: Front Panel Connector Pinout Locations
FUNCTION
PIN
DESCRIPTION
FUNCTION
PIN
1
PWRBTSW-
Power LED
2
Button
3
GND
HDD LED
5
VCC
7
HDD LED-
Power
Reset
DESCRIPTION
VCC
4
Ground
6
SYSRST-
8
GND
Table 4-10: Front Panel Connector Pinouts
Page 51
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
4.2.9 IDE Connector (44-pin)
CN Label:
IDE1
CN Type:
44-pin header (2x22)
CN Location:
See Figure 4-11
CN Pinouts:
See Table 4-11
One 44-pin IDE device connector on the PICOe-9452 supports connectivity to two hard
disk drives.
Page 52
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Figure 4-11: IDE Device Connector Locations
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
RESET#
2
GROUND
3
DATA 7
4
DATA 8
5
DATA 6
6
DATA 9
7
DATA 5
8
DATA 10
9
DATA 4
10
DATA 11
11
DATA 3
12
DATA 12
13
DATA 2
14
DATA 13
15
DATA 1
16
DATA 14
17
DATA 0
18
DATA 15
19
GROUND
20
N/C
21
IDE DRQ
22
GROUND
23
IOW#
24
GROUND
25
IOR#
26
GROUND
27
IDE CHRDY
28
GROUND
29
IDE DACK
30
GROUND–DEFAULT
31
INTERRUPT
32
N/C
Page 53
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
33
SA1
34
N/C
35
SA0
36
SA2
37
HDC CS0#
38
HDC CS1#
39
HDD ACTIVE#
40
GROUND
41
VCC
42
VCC
43
GROUND
44
N/C
Table 4-11: IDE Connector Pinouts
4.2.10 Infrared Interface Connector (5-pin)
CN Label:
CN19
CN Type:
5-pin header (1x5)
CN Location:
See Figure 4-12
CN Pinouts:
See Table 4-12
The infrared interface connector supports both Serial Infrared (SIR) and Amplitude Shift
Key Infrared (ASKIR) interfaces.
Figure 4-12: Infrared Connector Pinout Locations
Page 54
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
VCC
2
NC
3
IR-RX
4
GND
5
IR-TX
Table 4-12: Infrared Connector Pinouts
4.2.11 Keyboard/Mouse Connector
CN Label:
CN22
CN Type:
6-pin header (1x6)
CN Location:
See Figure 4-13
CN Pinouts:
See Table 4-13
The keyboard and mouse connector can be connected to a standard PS/2 cable or PS/2
Y-cable to add keyboard and mouse functionality to the system.
Figure 4-13: Keyboard/Mouse Connector Location
Page 55
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
+5V KB DATA
2
MS DATA
3
MS CLK
4
KB DATA
5
KB CLK
6
GROUND
Table 4-13: Keyboard/Mouse Connector Pinouts
4.2.12 LVDS LCD Connector
CN Label:
LVDS1
CN Type:
30-pin crimp (2x10)
CN Location:
See Figure 4-14
CN Pinouts:
See Table 4-14
The 30-pin LVDS LCD connector can be connected to single channel or dual channel,
18-bit LVDS panel.
Page 56
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Figure 4-14: LVDS LCD Connector Pinout Locations
PIN NO. DESCRIPTION
PIN NO. DESCRIPTION
1
GROUND
2
GROUND
3
LVDSA_Y0+
4
LVDSA_Y0-
5
LVDSA_Y1+
6
LVDSA_Y1-
7
LVDSA_Y2+
8
LVDSA_Y2-
9
LVDSA_CLK+
10
LVDSA_CLK-
11
N/C
12
N/C
13
GROUND
14
GROUND
15
LVDSB_Y0+
16
LVDSB_Y0-
17
LVDSB_Y1+
18
LVDSB_Y1-
19
LVDSB_Y2+
20
LVDSB_Y2-
21
LVDSB_CLK+
22
LVDSB_CLK-
23
N/C
12
N/C
25
GROUND
26
GROUND
27
VCC_LVDS
28
VCC_LVDS
Page 57
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
29
VCC_LVDS
30
VCC_LVDS
Table 4-14: LVDS LCD Port Connector Pinouts
4.2.13 Parallel Port Connector
CN Label:
LPT1
CN Type:
26-pin box header
CN Location:
See Figure 4-15
CN Pinouts:
See Table 4-15
The 26-pin parallel port connector connects to a parallel port connector interface or some
other parallel port device such as a printer.
Figure 4-15: Parallel Port Connector Location
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
STROBE#
2
DATA 0
3
DATA 1
4
DATA 2
5
DATA 3
6
DATA 4
7
DATA 5
8
DATA 6
Page 58
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
9
DATA 7
10
ACKNOWLEDGE
11
BUSY
12
PAPER EMPTY
13
PRINTER SELECT
14
AUTO FORM FEED #
15
ERROR#
16
INITIALIZE
17
PRINTER SELECT LN#
18
GROUND
19
GROUND
20
GROUND
21
GROUND
22
GROUND
23
GROUND
24
GROUND
25
GROUND
26
NC
Table 4-15: Parallel Port Connector Pinouts
4.2.14 SATA Drive Connectors
CN Label:
SATA1 and SATA2
CN Type:
7-pin SATA drive connectors
CN Location:
See Figure 4-16
CN Pinouts:
See Table 4-16
The two SATA drive connectors are each connected to a first generation SATA drive. First
generation SATA drives transfer data at speeds as high as 150Mb/s. The SATA drives can
be configured in a RAID configuration.
Page 59
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Figure 4-16: SATA Drive Connector Locations
PIN NO. DESCRIPTION
1
GND
2
TX+
3
TX-
4
GND
5
RX-
6
RX+
7
GND
Table 4-16: SATA Drive Connector Pinouts
Page 60
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
4.2.15 Serial Port Connector (COM1 and COM2)
CN Label:
COM1 and COM2
CN Type:
10-pin header (2x5)
CN Location:
See Figure 4-17
CN Pinouts:
See Table 4-17
The 10-pin serial port connector provides a second RS-232 serial communications
channel. The COM 2 serial port connector can be connected to external RS-232 serial port
devices.
Figure 4-17: COM1 and COM2 Connector Pinout Locations
Page 61
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
Data Carrier Detect (DCD)
6
Data Set to Ready (DSR)
2
Receive Data (RXD)
7
Request to Send (RTS)
3
Transmit Data (TXD)
8
Clear to Sent (CTS)
4
Data Terminal Ready (DTR)
9
Ring Indicator (RI)
5
Ground (GND)
10
N/C
Table 4-17: COM3 and COM4
4.2.16 USB Connectors (Internal)
CN Label:
USB1_2 and USB3_4
CN Type:
8-pin header (2x4)
CN Location:
See Figure 4-18
CN Pinouts:
See Table 4-18
The 2x4 USB pin connectors each provide connectivity to two USB 1.1 or two USB 2.0
ports. Each USB connector can support two USB devices.. Additional external USB ports
are found on the rear panel. The USB ports are used for I/O bus expansion.
Page 62
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Figure 4-18: USB Connector Pinout Locations
PIN NO. DESCRIPTION PIN NO. DESCRIPTION
1
VCC
2
GND
3
DATAN-
4
DATA1M+
5
DATAN+
6
DATAM-
7
GND
8
VCC
Table 4-18: USB Port Connector Pinouts
Page 63
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
4.3 External Peripheral Interface Connector Panel
Figure 4-19 shows the PICOe-9452 rear panel. The PICOe-9452 rear panel consists of
two RJ-45 Ethernet connectors, a PS/2 keyboard connector a USB port and a VGA
connector. These connectors are accessible when the PICOe-9452 is installed in a
chassis.
Figure 4-19: PICOe-9452 External Peripheral Interface Connector
4.3.1 LAN Connectors
CN Label:
LAN1 and LAN2
CN Type:
RJ-45
CN Location:
See Figure 4-19
CN Pinouts:
See Table 4-19
The PICOe-9452 is equipped with two built-in RJ-45 Ethernet controllers. The controllers
can connect to the LAN through two RJ-45 LAN connectors. There are two LEDs on the
connector indicating the status of LAN. The pin assignments are listed in the following
table:
PIN
DESCRIPTION
PIN
DESCRIPTION
1
TXA+
5
TXC-
2
TXA-
6
TXB-
3
TXB+
7
TXD+
4
TXC+
8
TXD-
Table 4-19: LAN Pinouts
Page 64
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Figure 4-20: RJ-45 Ethernet Connector
The RJ-45 Ethernet connector has two status LEDs, one green and one yellow. The green
LED indicates activity on the port and the yellow LED indicates the port is linked. See
Table 4-20.
STATUS
DESCRIPTION
STATUS
DESCRIPTION
GREEN
Activity
YELLOW
Linked
Table 4-20: RJ-45 Ethernet Connector LEDs
4.3.2 TV Connector
CN Label:
TV1
CN Type:
7-pin Mini-DIN
CN Location:
See Figure 4-19
CN Pinouts:
See Table 4-21
A 7-pin mini DIN connector (TV1) is located on the mounting bracket for easy connection
to a TV OUT cable.
Page 65
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
GND
2
BLUE_CVBS
3
GND
4
GREEN_Y
5
NC
6
RED_C
7
GND
Table 4-21: TV1 Pinouts
4.3.3 USB Connector
CN Label:
USB_C0
CN Type:
USB port
CN Location:
See Figure 4-19
CN Pinouts:
See Table 4-22
The PICOe-9452 has a one external USB 2.0 port. The port connects to both USB 2.0 and
USB 1.1 devices.
PIN NO. DESCRIPTION PIN NO. DESCRIPTION
1
USBV3L 5V
2
GND
3
USBP4N
4
USBP5P
5
USBP4P
6
USBP5N
7
GND
8
USBV3L 5V
Table 4-22: USB Port Pinouts
4.3.4 VGA Connector
CN Label:
VGA1
CN Type:
15-pin Female
Page 66
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
CN Location:
See Figure 4-19
CN Pinouts:
See Figure 4-21 and Table 4-23
The PICOe-9452 has a single 15-pin female connector for connectivity to standard display
devices.
Figure 4-21: VGA Connector
PIN
DESCRIPTION
PIN
DESCRIPTION
1
RED
2
GREEN
3
BLUE
4
NC
5
GND
6
GND
7
GND
8
GND
9
VCC / NC
10
GND
11
NC
12
DDC DAT
13
HSYNC
14
VSYNC
15
DDCCLK
Table 4-23: VGA Connector Pinouts
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Page 68
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Chapter
5
5 Installation
Page 69
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5.1 Anti-static Precautions
WARNING:
Failure to take ESD precautions during the installation of the
PICOe-9452 may result in permanent damage to the PICOe-9452 and
severe injury to the user.
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) can cause serious damage to electronic components,
including the PICOe-9452. Dry climates are especially susceptible to ESD. It is therefore
critical that whenever the PICOe-9452, or any other electrical component is handled, the
following anti-static precautions are strictly adhered to.
Wear an anti-static wristband: - Wearing a simple anti-static wristband can
help to prevent ESD from damaging the board.
Self-grounding:- Before handling the board touch any grounded conducting
material. During the time the board is handled, frequently touch any
conducting materials that are connected to the ground.
Use an anti-static pad: When configuring the PICOe-9452, place it on an
antic-static pad. This reduces the possibility of ESD damaging the
PICOe-9452.
Only handle the edges of the PCB:-: When handling the PCB, hold the PCB
by the edges.
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5.2 Installation Considerations
NOTE:
The following installation notices and installation considerations should
be read and understood before the PICOe-9452 is installed. All
installation notices pertaining to the installation of the PICOe-9452
should be strictly adhered to. Failing to adhere to these precautions
may lead to severe damage of the PICOe-9452 and injury to the
person installing the motherboard.
5.2.1 Installation Notices
WARNING:
The installation instructions described in this manual should be
carefully followed in order to prevent damage to the PICOe-9452,
PICOe-9452 components and injury to the user.
Before and during the installation please DO the following:
Read the user manual:
o
The user manual provides a complete description of the PICOe-9452
installation instructions and configuration options.
Wear an electrostatic discharge cuff (ESD):
o
Electronic components are easily damaged by ESD. Wearing an ESD cuff
removes ESD from the body and helps prevent ESD damage.
Place the PICOe-9452 on an antistatic pad:
o
When installing or configuring the motherboard, place it on an antistatic
pad. This helps to prevent potential ESD damage.
Turn all power to the PICOe-9452 off:
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
o
When working with the PICOe-9452, make sure that it is disconnected
from all power supplies and that no electricity is being fed into the system.
Before and during the installation of the PICOe-9452 DO NOT:
Remove any of the stickers on the PCB board. These stickers are required for
warranty validation.
Use the product before verifying all the cables and power connectors are
properly connected.
Allow screws to come in contact with the PCB circuit, connector pins, or its
components.
5.2.2 Installation Checklist
The following checklist is provided to ensure the PICOe-9452 is properly installed.
All the items in the packing list are present
The CPU is installed
The CPU cooling kit is properly installed
A compatible memory module is properly inserted into the slot
The CF Type I or CF Type II card is properly installed into the CF socket
The jumpers have been properly configured
The PICOe-9452 is inserted into a chassis with adequate ventilation
The correct power supply is being used
The following devices are properly connected
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
IDE device
SATA drives
Keyboard and mouse cable
Audio kit
Power supply
USB cable
Serial port cable
Parallel port cable
The following external peripheral devices are properly connected to the
chassis:
o
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
o
o
o
Keyboard
Mouse
RS-232 serial communications device
5.3 CPU, CPU Cooling Kit and DIMM Installation
WARNING:
A CPU should never be turned on without the specified cooling kit
being installed. If the cooling kit (heat sink and fan) is not properly
installed and the system turned on, permanent damage to the CPU,
PICOe-9452 and other electronic components attached to the system
may be incurred. Running a CPU without a cooling kit may also result
in injury to the user.
The CPU, CPU cooling kit and DIMM are the most critical components of the PICOe-9452.
If one of these component is not installed the PICOe-9452 cannot run.
5.3.1 Socket 479 CPU Installation
WARNING:
CPUs are expensive and sensitive components. When installing the
CPU please be careful not to damage it in anyway. Make sure the CPU
is installed properly and ensure the correct cooling kit is properly
installed.
To install a socket 479 CPU onto the PICOe-9452, follow the steps below:
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WARNING:
When handling the CPU, only hold it on the sides. DO NOT touch the
pins at the bottom of the CPU.
Step 1: Unlock the CPU retention screw. When shipped, the retention screw of the
CPU socket should be in the unlocked position. If it is not in the unlocked
position, use a screwdriver to unlock the screw. See Figure 5-1.
Figure 5-1: Make sure the CPU socket retention screw is unlocked
Step 2: Inspect the CPU socket. Make sure there are no bent pins and make sure the
socket contacts are free of foreign material. If any debris is found, remove it with
compressed air.
Step 3: Correctly Orientate the CPU. Make sure the IHS (integrated heat sink) side is
facing upwards.
Step 4: Correctly position the CPU. Match the Pin 1 mark with the cut edge on the
CPU socket. See Figure 5-1.
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Step 5: Align the CPU pins. Carefully align the CPU pins with the holes in the CPU
socket.
Step 6: Insert the CPU. Gently insert the CPU into the socket. If the CPU pins are
properly aligned, the CPU should slide into the CPU socket smoothly.
Step 7: Lock the retention screw. Rotate the retention screw into the locked position.
See Figure 5-2.Step 0:
Figure 5-2: Lock the CPU Socket Retention Screw
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5.3.2 Cooling Kit CF-479B-RS Installation
Figure 5-3: IEI CF-479B-RS Cooling Kit
An IEI Socket 479 CPU cooling kit can be purchased separately. The cooling kit comprises
a CPU heat sink and a cooling fan.
WARNING:
Do not wipe off (accidentally or otherwise) the pre-sprayed layer of
thermal paste on the bottom of the [Fan model#] heat sink. The thermal
paste between the CPU and the heat sink is important for optimum
heat dissipation.
To install the CF-479B-RS cooling kit, please follow the steps below.
Step 1: Place the cooling kit onto the CPU. Make sure the CPU cooling fan cable
can be properly routed when the cooling kit is installed.
Step 2: Properly align the cooling kit. Make sure its four spring screw fasteners can
pass through the pre-drilled holes on the PCB.
Step 3: Secure the cooling kit. From the solder side of the PCB, align the support
bracket to the screw threads on heat sink that were inserted through the PCB
holes. (See Figure 5-4)
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Figure 5-4: Cooling Kit Support Bracket
Step 4: Tighten the screws. Use a screwdriver to tighten the four screws. Tighten each
nut a few turns at a time and do not over-tighten the screws.
Step 5: Connect the fan cable. Connect the cooling kit fan cable to the fan connector
on the motherboard. Carefully route the cable and avoid heat generating chips
and fan blades. See Figure 5-5. Step 0:
Figure 5-5: Connect the cooling fan cable
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5.3.3 DIMM Installation
WARNING:
Using incorrectly specified DIMM may cause permanently damage the
PCIE-9452. Please make sure the purchased DIMM complies with the
memory specifications of the PCIE-9452. DIMM specifications
compliant with the PCIE-9452 are listed in Chapter 2.
To install a DIMM into a DIMM socket, please follow the steps below and refer to
Figure 5-6.
Figure 5-6: Installing a DIMM
Step 1: Open the DIMM socket handles. The DIMM socket has two handles that
secure the DIMM into the socket. Before the DIMM can be inserted into the
socket, the handles must be opened. See Figure 5-6.
Step 2: Align the DIMM with the socket. The DIMM must be oriented in such a way
that the notch in the middle of the DIMM must be aligned with the plastic bridge
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
in the socket. See Figure 5-6.
Step 3: Insert the DIMM. Once properly aligned, the DIMM can be inserted into the
socket. As the DIMM is inserted, the white handles on the side of the socket will
close automatically and secure the DIMM to the socket. See Figure 5-6.
Step 4: Removing a DIMM. To remove a DIMM, push both handles outward. The
memory module is ejected by a mechanism in the socket.Step 0:
5.3.4 CF Card Installation
Note:
The PICOe-9452 can support both CF Type I cards and CF Type II
cards. For the complete specifications of the supported CF cards
please refer to Chapter 2.
To install the a CF card (Type 1 or Type 2) onto the PICOe-9452, please follow the steps
below:
Step 1: Locate the CF card socket. Place the PICOe-9452 on an anti-static pad with
the solder side facing up. Locate the CF card.
Step 2: Align the CF card. Make sure the CF card is properly aligned with the CF
socket.
Step 3: Insert the CF card. Gently insert the CF card into the socket making sure the
socket pins are properly inserted into the socket. See Figure 5-7. Step 0:
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Figure 5-7: CF Card Installation
5.4 Jumper Settings
NOTE:
A jumper is a metal bridge used to close an
electrical circuit. It consists of two or three metal
pins and a small metal clip (often protected by a
plastic cover) that slides over the pins to connect
them. To CLOSE/SHORT a jumper means
connecting the pins of the jumper with the plastic
clip and to OPEN a jumper means removing the
plastic clip from a jumper.
Figure 5-8: Jumper Locations
Before the PICOe-9452 is installed in the system, the jumpers must be set in accordance
with the desired configuration. The jumpers on the PICOe-9452 are listed in Table 5-1.
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Description
Label
Type
CF card setup
J_CF1
3-pin header
Clear CMOS
J_CMOS1
3-pin header
LVDS voltage selection
J_VLVDS1
3-pin header
Table 5-1: Jumpers
5.4.1 CF Card Setup
Jumper Label:
J_CF1
Jumper Type:
3-pin header
Jumper Settings:
See Table 5-2
Jumper Location:
See Figure 5-9
The CF Card Setup jumper sets the CF Type I card or CF Type II cards as either the slave
device or the master device. CF Card Setup jumper settings are shown in Table 5-2.
AT Power Select
Description
Short 1-2
Slave
Short 2-3
Master
Default
Table 5-2: CF Card Setup Jumper Settings
The CF Card Setup jumper location is shown in Figure 5-9.
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Figure 5-9: CF Card Setup Jumper Location
5.4.2 Clear CMOS Jumper
Jumper Label:
J_CMOS1
Jumper Type:
3-pin header
Jumper Settings:
See Table 5-3
Jumper Location:
See Figure 5-10
If the PICOe-9452 fails to boot due to improper BIOS settings, the clear CMOS jumper
clears the CMOS data and resets the system BIOS information. To do this, use the jumper
cap to close pins 2 and 3 for a few seconds then reinstall the jumper clip back to pins 1
and 2.
If the “CMOS Settings Wrong” message is displayed during the boot up process, the fault
may be corrected by pressing the F1 to enter the CMOS Setup menu. Do one of the
following:
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Enter the correct CMOS setting
Load Optimal Defaults
Load Failsafe Defaults.
After having done one of the above, save the changes and exit the CMOS Setup menu.
The clear CMOS jumper settings are shown in Table 5-3.
AT Power Select
Description
Short 1 - 2
Keep CMOS Setup
Short 2 - 3
Clear CMOS Setup
Default
Table 5-3: Clear CMOS Jumper Settings
The location of the clear CMOS jumper is shown in Figure 5-10 below.
Figure 5-10: Clear CMOS Jumper
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5.4.3 LVDS Voltage Selection
WARNING:
Permanent damage to the screen and PICOe-9452 may occur if the
wrong voltage is selected with this jumper. Please refer to the user
guide that cam with the monitor to select the correct voltage.
Jumper Label:
J_LVDS1
Jumper Type:
3-pin header
Jumper Settings:
See Table 5-4
Jumper Location:
See Figure 5-11
The LVDS Voltage Selection jumper allows the LVDS screen voltage to be set. The LVDS
Voltage Selection jumper settings are shown in Table 5-4.
AT Power Select
Description
Short 1-2
+3V LVDS
Short 2-3
+5V LVDS
Default
Table 5-4: LVDS Voltage Selection Jumper Settings
The LVDS Voltage Selection jumper location. is shown in Figure 5-11.
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Figure 5-11: LVDS Voltage Selection Jumper Pinout Locations
5.5 Chassis Installation
5.5.1 Airflow
WARNING:
Airflow is critical to the cooling of the CPU and other onboard
components. The chassis in which the PICOe-9452 must have air
vents to allow cool air to move into the system and hot air to move out.
The PICOe-9452 must be installed in a chassis with ventilation holes on the sides allowing
airflow to travel through the heat sink surface. In a system with an individual power supply
unit, the cooling fan of a power supply can also help generate airflow through the board
surface.
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
NOTE:
IEI has a wide range of chassis available. Please refer to Chapter 2 in
this manual or contact your PICOe-9452 vendor, reseller or an IEI sales
representative
at
[email protected]
or
visit
the
IEI
website
(http://www.ieiworld.com.tw) to find out more about the available
chassis.
5.6 Internal Peripheral Device Connections
5.6.1 Peripheral Device Cables
The cables listed in Table 5-5 are shipped with the PICOe-9452.
Quantity
Type
1
IDE Cable
1
KB/MS cable
1
Dual RS-232 cable
2
SATA drive cables
1
SATA drive power cable
1
Dual USB cable
Table 5-5: IEI Provided Cables
Optional cables are listed below:
7.1 channel audio kit
5.1 channel audio kit
LPT cable
S-video cable
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5.6.2 IDE Cable Connection
The IDE flat cable connects to the PICOe-9452 to one or two IDE devices. To connect an
IDE HDD to the PICOe-9452 please follow the instructions below.
Step 1: Locate the IDE connector. The location/s of the IDE device connector/s is/are
shown in Chapter 3..
Step 2: Insert the connector. Connect the IDE cable connector to the onboard
connector. See Figure 5-12. A key on the front of the cable connector ensures it
can only be inserted in one direction.
Figure 5-12: IDE Cable Connection
Step 3: Connect the cable to an IDE device. Connect the two connectors on the other
side of the cable to one or two IDE devices. Make sure that pin 1 on the cable
corresponds to pin 1 on the connectorStep 0:
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5.6.3 5.1 Channel Audio Kit Installation
NOTE:
This is an optional item that must be ordered separately. For further
information please contact the nearest PICOe-9452 distributor, reseller
or vendor or contact an iEi sales representative directly. Send any
queries to [email protected]
The optional 5.1 channel audio kit connects to the 10-pin audio connector on the
PICOe-9452. The audio kit consists of three audio jacks. One audio jack, Mic In, connects
to a microphone. The remaining two audio jacks, Line-In and Line-Out, connect to two
speakers. To install the audio kit, please refer to the steps below:
Step 1: Connect the audio kit cable. The audio kit is shipped with a cable that
connects the audio kit to the PICOe-9452. Connect the cable to the connector
on the back of the audio kit. Make sure the pins are properly aligned (i.e. pin 1
connects to pin 1).
Step 2: Locate the audio connector. The location of the 10-pin audio connector is
shown in Chapter 3.
Step 3: Align pin 1. Align pin 1 on the onboard connector with pin 1 on the audio kit
cable connector. Pin 1 on the audio kit cable connector is indicated with a white
dot. See Figure 5-13.
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Figure 5-13: 5.1 Channel Audio Kit
Step 4: Mount the audio kit onto the chassis. Once the audio kit is connected to the
PICOe-9452, secure the audio kit bracket to the system chassis.
Step 5: Connect the audio devices. Connect one speaker to the line-in audio jack, one
speaker to the line-out audio jack and a microphone to the mic-in audio jack.
Step 6: Install the driver. If the 5.1 channel audio kit is used, the ALC655 Realtek
codec driver must be installed. Refer to Chapter 7 for driver installation
instructions.Step 0:
5.6.4 7.1 Channel Audio Kit Installation
NOTE:
This is an optional item that must be ordered separately. For further
information please contact the nearest PICOe-9452 distributor, reseller
or vendor or contact an iEi sales representative directly. Send any
queries to [email protected]
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The optional 7.1 channel audio kit connects to the 10-pin audio connector on the
PICOe-9452. The audio kit consists of five audio jacks. One audio jack, Mic In, connects to
a microphone. The remaining four audio jacks, Line-In, Front-Out, Rear-Out, and Center
Subwoofer, connect to speakers. To install the audio kit, please refer to the steps below:
Step 1: Connect the audio kit cable. The audio kit is shipped with a cable that
connects the audio kit to the PICOe-9452. Connect the cable to the connector
on the back of the audio kit. Make sure the pins are properly aligned (i.e. pin 1
connects to pin 1).
Step 2: Locate the audio connector. The location of the 10-pin audio connector is
shown in Chapter 3.
Step 3: Align pin 1. Align pin 1 on the onboard connector with pin 1 on the audio kit
cable connector. Pin 1 on the audio kit cable connector is indicated with a white
dot. See Figure 5-13.
Figure 5-14: 5.1 Channel Audio Kit
Step 4: Mount the audio kit onto the chassis. Once the audio kit is connected to the
PICOe-9452, secure the audio kit bracket to the system chassis.
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Step 5: Connect the audio devices. Connect one speaker to the line-in audio jack, one
speaker to the line-out audio jack and a microphone to the mic-in audio jack.
Step 6: Install the driver. If the 5.1 channel audio kit is used, the ALC655 Realtek
codec driver must be installed. Refer to Chapter 7 for driver installation
instructions.Step 0: Step 0:
5.6.5 Keyboard/Mouse Y-cable Connector
The PICOe-9452 is shipped with a keyboard/mouse Y-cable connector. The
keyboard/mouse Y-cable connector connects to a keyboard/mouse connector on the
PICOe-9452 and branches into two cables that are each connected to a PS/2 connector,
one for a mouse and one for a keyboard. To connect the keyboard/mouse Y-cable
connector please follow the steps below.
Step 1: Locate the connector. The location of the keyboard/mouse Y-cable connector
is shown in Chapter 3.
Step 2: Align the connectors. Correctly align pin 1 on the cable connector with pin 1 on
the PICOe-9452 keyboard/mouse connector. See Figure 5-15.
Step 3: Insert the cable connectors. Once the cable connector is properly aligned with
the keyboard/mouse connector on the PICOe-9452, connect the cable
connector to the onboard connectors. See Figure 5-15.
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Figure 5-15: Keyboard/mouse Y-cable Connection
Step 4: Attach PS/2 connectors to the chassis. The keyboard/mouse Y-cable
connector is connected to two PS/2 connectors. To secure the PS/2 connectors
to the chassis please refer to the installation instructions that came with the
chassis.
Step 5: Connect the keyboard and mouse. Once the PS/2 connectors are connected
to the chassis, a keyboard and mouse can each be connected to one of the
PS/2 connectors. The keyboard PS/2 connector and mouse PS/2 connector are
both marked. Please make sure the keyboard and mouse are connected to the
correct PS/2 connector. Step 0:
5.6.6 Parallel Port Cable without Bracket
The optional parallel port (LPT) cable respectively connects the onboard LPT 26-pin box
header to an external LPT device (like a printer). The cable comprises a 26-pin female
header, to be connected to the onboard LPT box-header, on one side and on the other
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side a standard external LPT connector. To connect the LPT cable, please follow the steps
below.
Step 1: Locate the connector. The LPT connector location is shown in Chapter 4.
Step 2: Align the connectors. Correctly align pin 1 on the cable connector with pin 1 on
the PCIE-9452 LPT box-header connector. See Error! Reference source not
found..
Step 3: Insert the cable connectors. Once the cable connector is properly aligned with
the 26-pin box-header connector on the PCIE-9452, connect the cable
connector to the onboard connector. See Figure 5-16.
Figure 5-16: LPT Cable Connection
Step 4: Attach the LPT connector to the chassis. To secure the LPT interface
connector to the chassis please refer to the installation instructions that came
with the chassis.
Step 5: Connect LPT device. Once the LPT interface connector is connected to the
chassis, the LPT device can be connected to the LPT interface connector. See
Figure 5-17Step 0:\
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Figure 5-17: Connect the LPT Device
5.6.7 Dual RS-232 Cable with Slot Bracket
The dual RS-232 cable slot connector consists of two connectors attached to two
independent cables. Each cable is then attached to a D-sub 9 male connector that is
mounted onto a slot. To install the dual RS-232 cable, please follow the steps below.
Step 1: Locate the connectors. The locations of the RS-232 connectors are shown in
Chapter 3.
Step 2: Insert the cable connectors. Insert one connector into each serial port box
headers. See Figure 5-18. A key on the front of the cable connectors ensures
the connector can only be installed in one direction.
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Figure 5-18: Dual RS-232 Cable Installation
Step 3: Secure the bracket. The dual RS-232 connector has two D-sub 9 male
connectors secured on a bracket. To secure the bracket to the chassis please
refer to the reference material that came with the chassisStep 0:
5.6.8 SATA Drive Connection
The PICOe-9452 is shipped with two SATA drive cables and one SATA drive power cable.
To connect the SATA drives to the connectors, please follow the steps below.
Step 1: Locate the connectors. The locations of the SATA drive connectors are shown
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in Chapter 3.
Step 2: Insert the cable connector. Press the clip on the connector at the end of the
SATA cable and insert the cable connector into the onboard SATA drive
connector. See Figure 5-19.
Figure 5-19: SATA Drive Cable Connection
Step 3: Connect the cable to the SATA disk. Connect the connector on the other end
of the cable to the connector at the back of the SATA drive. See Figure 5-20.
Step 4: Connect the SATA power cable. Connect the SATA power connector to the
back of the SATA drive. See Figure 5-20. Step 0:
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Figure 5-20: SATA Power Drive Connection
5.6.9 USB Cable (Dual Port) with Slot Bracket
The PICOe-9452 is shipped with a dual port USB 2.0 cable. To connect the USB cable
connector, please follow the steps below.
Step 1: Locate the connectors. The locations of the USB connectors are shown in
Chapter 3.
WARNING:
If the USB pins are not properly aligned, the USB device can burn out.
Step 2: Align the connectors. The cable has two connectors. Correctly align pin 1on
each cable connector with pin 1 on the PICOe-9452 USB connector.
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Step 3: Insert the cable connectors. Once the cable connectors are properly aligned
with the USB connectors on the PICOe-9452, connect the cable connectors to
the onboard connectors. See Figure 5-21.
Figure 5-21: Dual USB Cable Connection
Step 4: Attach the bracket to the chassis. The USB 2.0 connectors are attached to a
bracket. To secure the bracket to the chassis please refer to the installation.
Step 0:
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5.7 External Peripheral Interface Connection
The following external peripheral devices can be connected to the external peripheral
interface connectors.
RJ-45 Ethernet cable connectors
S-video display device
USB device
VGA monitor
To install these devices, connect the corresponding cable connector from the actual
device to the corresponding PICOe-9452 external peripheral interface connector making
sure the pins are properly aligned.
5.7.1 LAN Connection (Single Connector)
There are two external RJ-45 LAN connectors. The RJ-45 connectors enable connection
to an external network. To connect a LAN cable with an RJ-45 connector, please follow
the instructions below.
Step 1: Locate the RJ-45 connectors. The locations of the USB connectors are shown
in Chapter 4.
Step 2: Align the connectors. Align the RJ-45 connector on the LAN cable with one of
the RJ-45 connectors on the PICOe-9452. See Figure 5-22.
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Figure 5-22: LAN Connection
Step 3: Insert the LAN cable RJ-45 connector. Once aligned, gently insert the LAN
cable RJ-45 connector into the onboard RJ-45 connector. Step 0:
5.7.2 S-video Cable Connection
There is a single mini DIN TV out connector mounted on the CPU card as an external
connector. The optional S-video cable is able to connect the mini DIN connector on the
system with an external display device. To connect an external display device to the
system through the mini DIN connector with the S-video cable, please follow the
instruction below.
Step 1: Locate the TV-OUT DIN connector. The location of the TV-OUT DIN connector
is shown in Chapter 4.
Step 2: Align the connectors. Align the connector on the end of the S-video cable with
the mini DIN connector. See Figure 5-23.
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Figure 5-23: S-video Cable Connector
Step 3: Insert S-video cable connector. Once aligned, gently insert the S-video cable
connector into the onboard connector.
Step 4: Connect the cables to the display device. Connect the S-video connector and
the Pb, Y and Pr component connectors on the other end of the S-video cables
to the respective connectors on the display device. Step 0:
5.7.3 USB Device Connection (Single Connector)
There are two external USB 2.0 connectors. Both connectors are perpendicular to the
PICOe-9452. To connect a USB 2.0 or USB 1.1 device, please follow the instructions
below.
Step 1: Located the USB connectors. The locations of the USB connectors are shown
in Chapter 4.
Step 2: Align the connectors. Align the USB device connector with one of the
connectors on the PICOe-9452. See Figure 5-24.
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Figure 5-24: USB Device Connection
Step 3: Insert the device connector. Once aligned, gently insert the USB device
connector into the onboard connector. Step 0:
5.7.4 VGA Monitor Connection
The PICOe-9452 has a single female DB-15 connector on the external peripheral interface
panel. The DB-15 connector is connected to a CRT or VGA monitor. To connect a monitor
to the PICOe-9452, please follow the instructions below.
Step 1: Locate the female DB-15 connector. The location of the female DB-15
connector is shown in Chapter 3.
Step 2: Align the VGA connector. Align the male DB-15 connector on the VGA screen
cable with the female DB-15 connector on the external peripheral interface.
Step 3: Insert the VGA connector. Once the connectors are properly aligned with the
insert the male connector from the VGA screen into the female connector on the
PICOe-9452. See Figure 5-25.
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Figure 5-25: VGA Connector
Step 4: Secure the connector. Secure the DB-15 VGA connector from the VGA
monitor to the external interface by tightening the two retention screws on either
side of the connector. Step 0:
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Chapter
6
6 AMI BIOS
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6.1 Introduction
A licensed copy of AMI BIOS is preprogrammed into the ROM BIOS. The BIOS setup
program allows users to modify the basic system configuration. This chapter describes
how to access the BIOS setup program and the configuration options that may be
changed.
6.1.1 Starting Setup
The AMI BIOS is activated when the computer is turned on. The setup program can be
activated in one of two ways.
1. Press the DELETE key as soon as the system is turned on or
2. Press the DELETE key when the “Press Del to enter SETUP”
message appears on the screen. 0.
If the message disappears before the DELETE key is pressed, restart the computer and try
again.
6.1.2 Using Setup
Use the arrow keys to highlight items, press ENTER to select, use the PageUp and
PageDown keys to change entries, press F1 for help and press ESC to quit. Navigation
keys are shown in.
Key
Function
Up arrow
Move to previous item
Down arrow
Move to next item
Left arrow
Move to the item on the left hand side
Right arrow
Move to the item on the right hand side
Esc key
Main Menu – Quit and not save changes into CMOS
Status Page Setup Menu and Option Page Setup Menu -Exit current page and return to Main Menu
Page Up key
Increase the numeric value or make changes
Page Dn key
Decrease the numeric value or make changes
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Key
Function
F1 key
General help, only for Status Page Setup Menu and Option
Page Setup Menu
F2 /F3 key
Change color from total 16 colors. F2 to select color
forward.
F10 key
Save all the CMOS changes, only for Main Menu
Table 6-1: BIOS Navigation Keys
6.1.3 Getting Help
When F1 is pressed a small help window describing the appropriate keys to use and the
possible selections for the highlighted item appears. To exit the Help Window press ESC or
the F1 key again.
6.1.4 Unable to Reboot After Configuration Changes
If the computer cannot boot after changes to the system configuration is made, CMOS
defaults. Use the jumper described in Chapter 5.
6.1.5 BIOS Menu Bar
The menu bar on top of the BIOS screen has the following main items:
Main Changes the basic system configuration.
Advanced Changes the advanced system settings.
PCIPnP Changes the advanced PCI/PnP Settings
Boot Changes the system boot configuration.
Security Sets User and Supervisor Passwords.
Chipset Changes the chipset settings.
Power Changes power management settings.
Exit Selects exit options and loads default settings
The following sections completely describe the configuration options found in the menu
items at the top of the BIOS screen and listed above.
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6.2 Main
The Main BIOS menu (BIOS Menu 1) appears when the BIOS Setup program is entered.
The Main menu gives an overview of the basic system information.
BIOS Menu 1: Main
System Overview
The System Overview lists a brief summary of different system components. The fields in
System Overview cannot be changed. The items shown in the system overview include:
AMI BIOS: Displays auto-detected BIOS information
o
o
o
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Version:
Current BIOS version
Build Date: Date the current BIOS version was made
ID:
Installed BIOS ID
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Processor: Displays auto-detected CPU specifications
o
o
o
Type: Names the currently installed processor
Speed: Lists the processor speed
Count: The number of CPUs on the motherboard
System Memory: Displays the auto-detected system memory.
o
Size:
Lists memory size
The System Overview field also has two user configurable fields:
System Time [xx:xx:xx]
Use the System Time option to set the system time. Manually enter the hours, minutes
and seconds.
System Date [xx/xx/xx]
Use the System Date option to set the system date. Manually enter the day, month and
year.
6.3 Advanced
Use the Advanced menu (BIOS Menu 2) to configure the CPU and peripheral devices
through the following sub-menus:
WARNING:
Setting the wrong values in the sections below may cause the system
to malfunction. Make sure that the settings made are compatible with
the hardware.
CPU Configuration (see Section 6.3.1)
IDE Configuration (see Section 6.3.2)
SuperIO Configuration (see Section 6.3.3)
Hardware Health Configuration (see Section 6.3.4)
ACPI Configuration (see Section 6.3.5)
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APM Configuration (See Section 6.3.6)
MPS Configuration (see Section 6.3.6)
Remote Access Configuration (see Section 6.3.8)
USB Configuration (see Section 6.3.8)
BIOS Menu 2: Advanced
6.3.1 CPU Configuration
Use the CPU Configuration menu (BIOS Menu 3) to view detailed CPU specifications
and configure the CPU.
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BIOS Menu 3: CPU Configuration
The CPU Configuration menu (BIOS Menu 3) lists the following CPU details:
Manufacturer: Lists the name of the CPU manufacturer
Brand String: Lists the brand name of the CPU being used
Frequency: Lists the CPU processing speed
FSB Speed: Lists the FSB speed
Cache L1: Lists the CPU L1 cache size
Cache L2: Lists the CPU L2 cache size
The following CPU Configuration menu items can be configured.
Intel ® SpeedStep ™ tech.
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6.3.2 IDE Configuration
Use the IDE Configuration menu (BIOS Menu 4) to change and/or set the configuration
of the IDE devices installed in the system.
BIOS Menu 4: IDE Configuration
ATA/IDE Configurations [Compatible]
Disabled
(Default)
Compatible
Enhanced
Legacy IDE Channels [PATA Pri, SATA Sec]
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SATA Only
SATA Pri, PATA Sec
(Default)
SATA Only
IDE Master and IDE Slave
When entering setup, BIOS auto detects the presence of IDE devices. BIOS displays the
status of the auto detected IDE devices. The following IDE devices are detected and are
shown in the IDE Configuration menu:
Primary IDE Master
Primary IDE Slave
Secondary IDE Master
Secondary IDE Slave
The IDE Configuration menu (BIOS Menu 4) allows changes to the configurations for the
IDE devices installed in the system. If an IDE device is detected, and one of the above
listed four BIOS configuration options are selected, the IDE configuration options shown in
Section 6.3.2.1 appear.
6.3.2.1 IDE Master, IDE Slave
Use the IDE Master and IDE Slave configuration menu to view both primary and
secondary IDE device details and configure the IDE devices connected to the system.
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BIOS Menu 5: IDE Master and IDE Slave Configuration
Auto-Detected Drive Parameters
The “grayed-out” items in the left frame are IDE disk drive parameters automatically
detected from the firmware of the selected IDE disk drive. The drive parameters are listed
as follows:
Device: Lists the device type (e.g. hard disk, CD-ROM etc.)
Type: Indicates the type of devices a user can manually select
Vendor: Lists the device manufacturer
Size: List the storage capacity of the device.
LBA Mode: Indicates whether the LBA (Logical Block Addressing) is a
method of addressing data on a disk drive is supported or not.
Block Mode: Block mode boosts IDE drive performance by increasing the
amount of data transferred. Only 512 bytes of data can be transferred per
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interrupt if block mode is not used. Block mode allows transfers of up to 64 KB
per interrupt.
PIO Mode: Indicates the PIO mode of the installed device.
Async DMA: Indicates the highest Asynchronous DMA Mode that is
supported.
Ultra DMA: Indicates the highest Synchronous DMA Mode that is supported.
S.M.A.R.T.: Indicates whether or not the Self-Monitoring Analysis and
Reporting Technology protocol is supported.
32Bit Data Transfer: Enables 32-bit data transfer.
Type [Auto]
Use the Type BIOS option select the type of device the AMIBIOS attempts to boot from
after the Power-On Self-Test (POST) is complete.
BIOS is prevented from searching for an IDE disk
Not Installed
drive on the specified channel.
Auto
DEFAULT
The BIOS auto detects the IDE disk drive type
attached to the specified channel. This setting should
be used if an IDE hard disk drive is attached to the
specified channel.
CD/DVD
The CD/DVD option specifies that an IDE CD-ROM
drive is attached to the specified IDE channel. The
BIOS does not attempt to search for other types of
IDE disk drives on the specified channel.
ARMD
This option specifies an ATAPI Removable Media
Device. These include, but are not limited to:
ZIP
LS-120
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LBA/Large Mode [Auto]
Use the LBA/Large Mode option to disable or enable BIOS to auto detects LBA (Logical
Block Addressing). LBA is a method of addressing data on a disk drive. In LBA mode, the
maximum drive capacity is 137 GB.
BIOS is prevented from using the LBA mode control on
Disabled
the specified channel.
Auto
DEFAULT
BIOS auto detects the LBA mode control on the specified
channel.
Block (Multi Sector Transfer) [Auto]
Use the Block (Multi Sector Transfer) to disable or enable BIOS to auto detect if the
device supports multi-sector transfers.
BIOS is prevented from using Multi-Sector Transfer on the
Disabled
specified channel. The data to and from the device occurs
one sector at a time.
Auto
DEFAULT
BIOS auto detects Multi-Sector Transfer support on the
drive on the specified channel. If supported the data
transfer to and from the device occurs multiple sectors at
a time.
PIO Mode [Auto]
Use the PIO Mode option to select the IDE PIO (Programmable I/O) mode program timing
cycles between the IDE drive and the programmable IDE controller. As the PIO mode
increases, the cycle time decreases.
Auto
DEFAULT
BIOS auto detects the PIO mode. Use this value if the IDE disk
drive support cannot be determined.
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0
PIO mode 0 selected with a maximum transfer rate of 3.3MBps
1
PIO mode 1 selected with a maximum transfer rate of 5.2MBps
2
PIO mode 2 selected with a maximum transfer rate of 8.3MBps
3
PIO mode 3 selected with a maximum transfer rate of 11.1MBps
4
PIO mode 4 selected with a maximum transfer rate of 16.6MBps
(This setting generally works with all hard disk drives
manufactured after 1999. For other disk drives, such as IDE
CD-ROM drives, check the specifications of the drive.)
DMA Mode [Auto]
Use the DMA Mode BIOS selection to adjust the DMA mode options.
Auto
DEFAULT
BIOS auto detects the DMA mode. Use this value if the IDE
disk drive support cannot be determined.
SWDMA0
Single Word DMA mode 0 selected with a maximum data
transfer rate of 2.1MBps
SWDMA1
Single Word DMA mode 1 selected with a maximum data
transfer rate of 4.2MBps
SWDMA2
Single Word DMA mode 2 selected with a maximum data
transfer rate of 8.3MBps
MWDMA0
Multi Word DMA mode 0 selected with a maximum data
transfer rate of 4.2MBps
MWDMA1
Multi Word DMA mode 1 selected with a maximum data
transfer rate of 13.3MBps
MWDMA2
Multi Word DMA mode 2 selected with a maximum data
transfer rate of 16.6MBps
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Ultra DMA mode 0 selected with a maximum data transfer
UDMA1
rate of 16.6MBps
Ultra DMA mode 1 selected with a maximum data transfer
UDMA1
rate of 25MBps
Ultra DMA mode 2 selected with a maximum data transfer
UDMA2
rate of 33.3MBps
Ultra DMA mode 3 selected with a maximum data transfer
UDMA3
rate of 44MBps (To use this mode, it is required that an
80-conductor ATA cable is used.)
Ultra DMA mode 4 selected with a maximum data transfer
UDMA4
rate of 66.6MBps (To use this mode, it is required that an
80-conductor ATA cable is used.)
Ultra DMA mode 5 selected with a maximum data transfer
UDMA5
rate of 99.9MBps (To use this mode, it is required that an
80-conductor ATA cable is used.)
S.M.A.R.T [Auto]
Use the S.M.A.R.T option to auto-detect, disable or enable Self-Monitoring Analysis and
Reporting Technology (SMART) on the drive on the specified channel. S.M.A.R.T predicts
impending drive failures. The S.M.A.R.T BIOS option enables or disables this function.
Auto
DEFAULT
BIOS auto detects HDD SMART support.
Disabled
Prevents BIOS from using the HDD SMART feature.
Enabled
Allows BIOS to use the HDD SMART feature
32Bit Data Transfer [Enabled]
Use the 32Bit Data Transfer BIOS option to enables or disable 32-bit data transfers.
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Prevents the BIOS from using 32-bit data transfers.
Disabled
Enabled
DEFAULT
Allows BIOS to use 32-bit data transfers on supported
hard disk drives.
6.3.3 Super IO Configuration
Use the Super IO Configuration menu (BIOS Menu 6) to set or change the
configurations for the FDD controllers, parallel ports and serial ports.
BIOS Menu 6: Super IO Configuration
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Serial Port1 Address [3F8/IRQ4]
Use the Serial Port1 Address option to select the Serial Port 1 base address.
No base address is assigned to Serial Port 1
Disabled
3F8/IRQ4
DEFAULT
Serial Port 1 I/O port address is 3F8 and the interrupt
address is IRQ4
Serial Port 1 I/O port address is 3E8 and the interrupt
3E8/IRQ4
address is IRQ4
Serial Port 1 I/O port address is 2E8 and the interrupt
2E8/IRQ3
address is IRQ3
Serial Port1 Mode [Normal]
Use the Serial Port1 Mode option to select the transmitting and receiving mode for the
first serial port.
Normal
(Default)
Serial Port 1 mode is normal
Serial Port 1 mode is ASK IR
ASK IR
Serial Port2 Address [2F8/IRQ3]
Use the Serial Port2 Address option to select the Serial Port 2 base address.
No base address is assigned to Serial Port 2
Disabled
2F8/IRQ3
DEFAULT
Serial Port 2 I/O port address is 3F8 and the interrupt
address is IRQ3
3E8/IRQ4
Serial Port 2 I/O port address is 3E8 and the interrupt
address is IRQ4
2E8/IRQ3
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Serial Port 2 I/O port address is 2E8 and the interrupt
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
address is IRQ3
Serial Port2 Mode [Normal]
Use the Serial Port2 Mode option to select the Serial Port2 operational mode.
Normal
DEFAULT
Serial Port 2 mode is normal
IrDA
Serial Port 2 mode is IrDA
ASK IR
Serial Port 2 mode is ASK IR
Parallel Port Address [Disabled]
Use the Parallel Port Address option to select the parallel port base address.
Disabled
DEFAULT
No base address is assigned to the Parallel Port
378
Parallel Port I/O port address is 378
278
Parallel Port I/O port address is 278
3BC
Parallel Port I/O port address is 3BC
Parallel Port Mode [Normal]
Use the Parallel Port Mode option to select the mode the parallel port operates in.
Normal
DEFAULT
The normal parallel port mode is the standard mode
for parallel port operation.
Bi-directional
Parallel port outputs are 8-bits long. Inputs are
accomplished by reading 4 of the 8 bits on the
status register.
EPP
The parallel port operates in the enhanced parallel
port mode (EPP). The EPP mode supports
bi-directional communication between the system
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and the parallel port device and the transmission
rates between the two are much faster than the
Normal mode.
The
ECP
parallel
port
operates
in
the
extended
capabilities port (ECP) mode. The ECP mode
supports bi-directional communication between the
system and the parallel port device and the
transmission rates between the two are much faster
than the Normal mode
ECP+EPP
The parallel port is compatible with ECP and EPP
devices described above
Parallel Port IRQ [IRQ7]
Use the Parallel Port IRQ option to set the parallel port interrupt address.
IRQ5 is assigned as the parallel port interrupt address
IRQ5
IRQ7
DEFAULT
IRQ7 is assigned as the parallel port interrupt address
6.3.4 Hardware Health Configuration
The Hardware Health Configuration menu (BIOS Menu 7) shows the operating
temperature, fan speeds and system voltages.
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BIOS Menu 7: Hardware Health Configuration
CPU FAN Mode Setting [Full On Mode]
Use the CPU FAN Mode Setting option to configure the second fan.
Full On Mode
Automatic mode
DEFAULT
Fan is on all the time
Fan is off when the temperature is low
enough. Parameters must be set by the
user.
PWM Manual mode
Pulse width modulation set manually
When the CPU FAN Mode Setting option is in the Automatic Mode, the following
parameters can be set.
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CPU Temp. Limit of OFF
CPU Temp. Limit of Start
CPU Temp. Limit of Full
CPU Fan Start PWM
Slope PWM 1
When the CPU FAN Mode Setting option is in the PWM Manual Mode, the following
parameters can be set.
CPU Fan PWM control
CPU Temp. Limit of OFF [000]
WARNING:
Setting this value too high may cause the fan to stop when the CPU is
at a high temperature and therefore cause the system to be damaged.
The CPU Temp. Limit of OFF option can only be set if the CPU FAN Mode Setting option
is set to Automatic Mode. Use the CPU Temp. Limit of OFF option to select the CPU
temperature at which the cooling fan should automatically turn off. To select a value, select
the CPU Temp. Limit of OFF option and enter a decimal number between 000 and 127.
The temperature range is specified below.
Minimum Value: 0°C
Maximum Value: 127°C
CPU Temp. Limit of Start [020]
WARNING:
Setting this value too high may cause the fan to start only when the
CPU is at a high temperature and therefore cause the system to be
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damaged.
The CPU Temp. Limit of Start option can only be set if the CPU FAN Mode Setting
option is set to Automatic Mode. Use the CPU Temp. Limit of Start option to select the
CPU temperature at which the cooling fan should automatically turn on. When the fan
starts, it rotates using the starting pulse width modulation (PWM) specified in the Fan 3
Start PWM option below. To select a value, select the CPU Temp. Limit of Start option
and enter a decimal number between 000 and 127. The temperature range is specified
below.
Minimum Value: 0°C
Maximum Value: 127°C
CPU Temp. Limit of Full [080]
WARNING:
Setting this value too high may cause the fan to start rotating at full
speed only when the CPU is at a high temperature and therefore cause
the system to be damaged.
The CPU Temp. Limit of Full option can only be set if the CPU FAN Mode Setting option
is set to Automatic Mode. Use the CPU Temp. Limit of Full option to select the CPU
temperature at which the cooling fan starts to rotate at full speed. When the CPU
temperature exceeds the temperature specified in this option, the fan starts to rotate at full
speed. To select a value, select the CPU Temp. Limit of Full option and enter a decimal
number between 000 and 127. The temperature range is specified below.
Minimum Value: 0°C
Maximum Value: 127°C
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CPU Fan Start PWM [070]
The Fan 3 Start PWM option can only be set if the CPU FAN Mode Setting option is set
to Automatic Mode. Use the Fan 3 Start PWM option to select the PWM mode the fan
starts to rotate with after the temperature specified in the Temperature 3 Limit of Start is
exceeded. The Super I/O chipset supports 128 PWM modes. To select a value, select the
Fan 3 Start PWM option and enter a decimal number between 000 and 127. The
temperature range is specified below.
PWM Minimum Mode: 0
PWM Maximum Mode: 127
Slope PWM 1 [1 PWM]
The Slope PWM 1 option can only be set if the CPU FAN Mode Setting option is set to
Automatic Mode. Use the Slope PWM 1 option to select the linear rate at which the PWM
mode increases with respect to an increase in temperature. A list of available options is
shown below:
0 PWM
1 PWM
2 PWM
4 PWM
8 PWM
16 PWM
32 PWM
64 PWM
CPU Fan PWM Control [070]
The CPU Fan PWM Control option can only be set if the CPU FAN Mode Setting option
is set to Manual Mode. Use the CPU Fan PWM Control option to select PWM duty cycle
control. The PWM duty cycle specifies the width of the modulated pulse. A high value
ensures a wide pulse and a low value ensures a narrow pulse. To select a value, select
the CPU Fan PWM Control option and enter a decimal number between 000 and 127.
The PWM Duty Cycle control range is specified below.
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PWM Minimum Mode: 0
PWM Maximum Mode: 127
Hardware Health Monitoring
Use the Hardware Health Configuration menu (BIOS Menu 7) monitor system
environmental parameters. The following health parameters are monitored.
Temperature monitoring: The following system temperatures are monitored:
o
o
o
CPU Temperature
System Temperature
PWM Temperature
Fan Speed Monitoring: The following system fan speeds are monitored:
o
System FAN Speed
Voltage Monitoring: The following system voltages are monitored:
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
CPU Core
+1.8V
+3.30V
+5.00V
+12.0V
0.9V
1.5V
5VSB
VBAT
6.3.5 ACPI Configuration
The ACPI Configuration menu (BIOS Menu 8) configures the Advanced Configuration
and Power Interface (ACPI) and Power Management (APM) options.
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BIOS Menu 8: ACPI Configuration
ACPI Aware O/S [Yes]
Use the ACPI Aware O/S option to enable the system to configure ACPI power saving
options. ACPI can only be implemented if the system OS complies with the ACPI
standard. Windows 98, Windows 2000, and Windows XP all comply with ACPI.
Disables the ACPI support for the OS. This selection should
No
be disabled if the OS does not support ACPI
Yes
DEFAULT
Enables the ACPI support for the operating system. This
selection should be enabled if the OS does support ACPI
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6.3.5.1 General ACPI Configuration
Use the General ACPI Configuration menu (BIOS Menu 9) to select the ACPI state when
the system is suspended.
BIOS Menu 9: General ACPI Configuration [Advanced\ ACPI Configuration]
Suspend Mode [S1(POS)]
Use the Suspend Mode option to specify the sleep state the system enters when it is not
being used.
S1 (POS)
The system enters S1(POS) sleep state. The system
appears off. The CPU is stopped; RAM is refreshed; the
system is running in a low power mode.
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The system enters a S3(STR) sleep state. The CPU has
S3 (STR)
no power; RAM is in slow refresh; the power supply is in a
reduced power mode.
Auto
DEFAULT
The BIOS automatically selects a sleep state for the
system.
Repost Video on S3 Resume [No]
Use the Repost Video on S3 Resume to determine whether the VGA BIOS post will be
invoked after the system is roused from an S3 (STR) suspend state.
No
DEFAULT
Yes
The VGA BIOS post is not invoked
The VGA BIOS post is invoked
6.3.6 APM Configuration
The APM Configuration menu (BIOS Menu 10) allows the advanced power management
options to be configured.
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BIOS Menu 10:Advanced Power Management Configuration
Power Management/APM [Enabled]
Use the Power Management/APM BIOS option to enable access to the advanced power
management features. If this option is disabled, the only other option on the screen is the
Power Button Mode.
Disables the Advanced Power Management (APM)
Disabled
feature
Enabled
(Default)
Enables the APM feature
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Restore on AC Power Loss [Power Off]
Use the Restore on AC Power Loss BIOS option to specify what state the system returns
to if there is a sudden loss of power to the system.
The system remains turned off
Power Off
Power On
(Default)
The system turns on
The system returns to its previous state. If it was on, it
Last State
turns itself on. If it was off, it remains off.
Power Button Mode [On/Off]
Use the Power Button Mode BIOS to specify how the power button functions.
On/Off
(Default)
When the power button is pressed the system is either
turned on or off
When the power button is pressed the system goes into
Suspend
suspend mode
Resume on Ring [Disabled]
Use the Resume on Ring BIOS option to enable activity on the RI (ring in) modem line to
rouse the system from a suspend or standby state. That is, the system will be roused by
an incoming call on a modem.
Disabled
(Default)
Enabled
Wake event not generated by an incoming call
Wake event generated by an incoming call
Resume on PME# [Disabled]
Use the Resume on PME# BIOS option to enable activity on the PCI PME (power
management event) controller to rouse the system from a suspend or standby state.
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Disabled
(Default)
Wake event not generated by PCI PME controller
activity
Wake event generated by PCI PME controller activity
Enabled
Resume On RTC Alarm [Disabled]
Use the Resume On RTC Alarm option to specify the time the system should be roused
from a suspended state.
Disabled
(Default)
The real time clock (RTC) cannot generate a wake
event
If selected, the following appears with values that
Enabled
can be selected:
RTC Alarm Date (Days)
System Time
After setting the alarm, the computer turns itself on
from a suspend state when the alarm goes off.
Power Supply Mode [ATX]
Use the Power Supply Mode BIOS option to to select the power supply that is connected
to the system.
An AT power supply is connected to the system
AT
ATX
DEFAULT
An ATX power supply is connected to the system
6.3.7 MPS Configuration
Use the MPS Configuration menu (BIOS Menu 11) to select `he multi-processor table.
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BIOS Menu 11: MPS Configuration
MPS Revision [1.4]
Use the Multiprocessor Specification (MPS) for OS option to specify the MPS version
to be used.
MPS version 1.1 is used
1.1
1.4
DEFAULT
MPS version 1.4 is used
6.3.8 Remote Access Configuration
Use the Remote Access Configuration menu (BIOS Menu 12) to configure remote
access parameters. The Remote Access Configuration is an AMIBIOS feature and
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allows a remote host running a terminal program to display and configure the BIOS
settings.
BIOS Menu 12: Remote Access Configuration [Advanced]
Remote Access [Disabled]
Use the Remote Access option to enable or disable access to the remote functionalities
of the system.
Disabled
Enabled
DEFAULT
Remote access is disabled.
Remote access configuration options shown below
appear:
Serial Port Number
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Serial Port Mode
Flow Control
Redirection after BIOS POST
Terminal Type
VT-UTF8 Combo Key Support
These configuration options are discussed below.
Serial Port Number [COM1]
Use the Serial Port Number option to select the serial port used for remote access.
COM1
DEFAULT
COM2
System is remotely accessed through COM1
System is remotely accessed through COM2
NOTE: Make sure the selected COM port is enabled through the Super I/O configuration
menu.
Base Address, IRQ [3F8h,4]
The Base Address, IRQ option cannot be configured and only shows the interrupt
address of the serial port listed above.
Serial Port Mode [115200 8,n,1]
Use the Serial Port Mode option to select baud rate through which the console redirection
is made. The following configuration options are available
115200 8,n,1 DEFAULT
57600 8,n,1
38400 8,n,1
19200 8,n,1
09600 8,n,1
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Note:
Identical baud rate setting musts be set on the host (a management
computer running a terminal software) and the slave
Flow Control [None]
Use the Flow Control option to report the flow control method for the console redirection
application.
None
DEFAULT
No control flow,
Hardware
Hardware is set as the console redirection
Software
Software is set as the console redirection
Redirection After BIOS POST [Always]
Use the Redirection After BIOS POST option to specify when console redirection should
occur.
Disabled
The console is not redirected after POST
Boot Loader
Redirection is active during POST and during Boot
Loader
Always
DEFAULT
Redirection is always active (Some OSes may not
work if set to Always)
Terminal Type [ANSI]
Use the Terminal Type BIOS option to specify the remote terminal type.
ANSI
DEFAULT
The target terminal type is ANSI
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VT100
The target terminal type is VT100
VT-UTF8
The target terminal type is VT-UTF8
VT-UTF8 Combo Key Support [Disabled]
Use the VT-UFT8 Combo Key Support option to enable additional keys that are not
provided by VT100 for the PC 101 keyboard.
The VT100 Terminal Definition is the standard convention used to configure and conduct
emergency management tasks with UNIX-based servers. VT100 does not support all keys
on the standard PC 101-key layout, however. The VT-UTF8 convention makes available
additional keys that are not provided by VT100 for the PC 101 keyboard.
Disabled
Disables the VT-UTF8 terminal keys
DEFAULT
Enables the VT-UTF8 combination key. Support for
Enabled
ANSI/VT100 terminals
Sredir Memory Display Delay [Disabled]
Use the Sredir Memory Display Delay option to select the delay before memory
information is displayed. Configuration options are listed below
No Delay
DEFAULT
Delay 1 sec
Delay 2 sec
Delay 4 sec
6.3.9 USB Configuration
Use the USB Configuration menu (BIOS Menu 13) to read USB configuration
information and configure the USB settings.
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BIOS Menu 13: USB Configuration
USB Function [8 USB ports]
Use the USB Function BIOS option to enable or disable a specified number of USB ports.
If only two USB ports are being used, disabling the remaining six USB frees up system
resources that can be redirected elsewehere.
Disabled
USB function support disabled
2 USB Ports
Two USB ports are enabled
4 USB Ports
Four USB ports are enabled
6 USB Ports
Six USB ports are enabled
8 USB Ports
DEFAULT
Eight USB ports are enabled
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USB 2.0 Controller [Enabled]
Use the USB 2.0 Controller BIOS option to enable or disable the USB 2.0 controller
USB 2.0 controller disabled
Disabled
Enabled
DEFAULT
USB 2.0 controller enabled
Legacy USB Support [Enabled]
Use the Legacy USB Support BIOS option to enable USB mouse and USB keyboard
support.
Normally if this option is not enabled, any attached USB mouse or USB keyboard does not
become available until a USB compatible operating system is fully booted with all USB
drivers loaded. When this option is enabled, any attached USB mouse or USB keyboard
can control the system even when there is no USB driver loaded onto the system.
Legacy USB support disabled
Disabled
Enabled
DEFAULT
Legacy USB support enabled
Legacy USB support disabled if no USB devices are
Auto
connected
USB 2.0 Controller Mode [HiSpeed]
Use the USB 2.0 Controller Mode option to set the speed of the USB2.0 controller.
The controller is capable of operating at 12Mb/s
FullSpeed
HiSpeed
DEFAULT
The controller is capable of operating at 480Mb/s
BIOS EHCI Handoff
Use the BIOS EHCI Handoff option for systems running OSes that do not have EHCI
hand-off support. The EHCI ownership change is managed by the EHCI driver.
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Systems with OSes that do not support EHCI can
Disabled
use the EHCI handoff functionality.
Enabled
DEFAULT
Systems with OSes that do not support EHCI cannot
use the EHCI handoff functionality.
6.4 PCI/PnP
Use the PCI/PnP menu (BIOS Menu 13) to configure advanced PCI and PnP settings.
WARNING:
Setting wrong values for the BIOS selections in the PCIPnP BIOS
menu may cause the system to malfunction.
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BIOS Menu 14: PCI/PnP Configuration
Clear NVRAM [No]
Use the Clear NVRAM option to specify if the NVRAM (Non-Volatile RAM) is cleared
when the power is turned off.
No
DEFAULT
Yes
System does not clear NVRAM during system boot
System clears NVRAM during system boot
Plug & Play O/S [No]
Use the Plug & Play O/S BIOS option to specify whether system plug and play devices
are configured by the operating system or the BIOS.
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No
DEFAULT
If the operating system does not meet the Plug and Play
specifications, this option allows the BIOS to configure all the
devices in the system.
This setting allows the operating system to change the
Yes
interrupt, I/O, and DMA settings. Set this option if the system
is running Plug and Play aware operating systems.
PCI Latency Timer [64]
Use the PCI Latency Timer option to specify the PCI latency time. The latency time is
measured in units of PCI clock cycles for the PCI device latency timer register.
Configuration options are:
32
64
DEFAULT
96
128
160
192
224
248
Allocate IRQ to PCI VGA [Yes]
Use the Allocate IRQ to PCI VGA option to restrict the system from giving the VGA
adapter card an interrupt address.
Yes
No
(Default)
Assigns an IRQ to a PCI VGA card if card requests IRQ
Does not assign IRQ to a PCI VGA card even if the card
requests an IRQ
Palette Snooping [Disabled]
Use the Palette Snooping option to enable or disable the palette snooping function.
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Disabled
DEFAULT
Unless the VGA card manufacturer requires palette
snooping to be enabled, this option should be disabled.
PCI devices are informed that an ISA based Graphics
Enabled
device is installed in the system so the ISA based
Graphics card functions correctly. This does not
necessarily indicate a physical ISA adapter card. The
graphics chipset can be mounted on a PCI card. Always
check with the adapter card manual first, before
modifying the default settings in the BIOS.
PCI IDE BusMaster [Disabled]
Use the PCI IDE BusMaster BIOS option to enable or prevent PCI IDE busmastering.
Disabled
DEFAULT
Busmastering is prevented
IDE controller on the PCI local bus has mastering
Enabled
capabilities
OffBoard PCI/ISA IDE Card [Auto]
Use the OffBoard PCI/ISA IDE Card BIOS option to select the OffBoard PCI/ISA IDE Card.
Auto
DEFAULT
The location of the Off Board PCI IDE adapter card is
automatically detected by the AMIBIOS.
PCI Slot 1
PCI Slot 1 is selected as the location of the OffBoard
PCI IDE adapter card. Only select this slot if the
adapter card is installed in PCI Slot 1.
PCI Slot 2
PCI Slot 2 is selected as the location of the OffBoard
PCI IDE adapter card. Only select this slot if the
adapter card is installed in PCI Slot 2.
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PCI Slot 3 is selected as the location of the OffBoard
PCI Slot 3
PCI IDE adapter card. Only select this slot if the
adapter card is installed in PCI Slot 3.
PCI Slot 4 is selected as the location of the OffBoard
PCI Slot 4
PCI IDE adapter card. Only select this slot if the
adapter card is installed in PCI Slot 4.
PCI Slot 5 is selected as the location of the OffBoard
PCI Slot 5
PCI IDE adapter card. Only select this slot if the
adapter card is installed in PCI Slot 5.
PCI Slot 6 is selected as the location of the OffBoard
PCI Slot 6
PCI IDE adapter card. Only select this slot if the
adapter card is installed in PCI Slot 6.
IRQ# [Available]
Use the IRQ# address to specify what IRQs can be assigned to a particular peripheral
device.
Available
DEFAULT
The specified IRQ is available to be used by
PCI/PnP devices
Reserved
The specified IRQ is reserved for use by Legacy ISA
devices
Available IRQ addresses are:
IRQ3
IRQ4
IRQ5
IRQ7
IRQ9
IRQ10
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IRQ 11
IRQ 14
IRQ 15
DMA Channel# [Available]
Use the DMA Channel# option to assign a specific DMA channel to a particular PCI/PnP
device.
Available
DEFAULT
The specified DMA is available to be used by
PCI/PnP devices
The specified DMA is reserved for use by Legacy
Reserved
ISA devices
Available DMA Channels are:
DM Channel 0
DM Channel 1
DM Channel 3
DM Channel 5
DM Channel 6
DM Channel 7
Reserved Memory Size [Disabled]
Use the Reserved Memory Size BIOS option to specify the amount of memory that
should be reserved for legacy ISA devices.
Disabled
DEFAULT
No memory block reserved for legacy ISA devices
16K
16KB reserved for legacy ISA devices
32K
32KB reserved for legacy ISA devices
64K
54KB reserved for legacy ISA devices
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6.5 Boot
Use the Boot menu (BIOS Menu 15) to configure system boot options.
BIOS Menu 15: Boot
6.5.1 Boot Settings Configuration
Use the Boot Settings Configuration menu (BIOS Menu 15) to configure advanced system
boot options.
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BIOS Menu 16: Boot Settings Configuration
Quick Boot [Enabled]
Use the Quick Boot BIOS option to make the computer speed up the boot process.
No POST procedures are skipped
Disabled
Enabled
DEFAULT
Some POST procedures are skipped to decrease
the system boot time
Quiet Boot [Disabled]
Use the Quiet Boot BIOS option to select the screen display when the system boots.
Disabled
DEFAULT
Normal POST messages displayed
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OEM Logo displayed instead of POST messages
Enabled
AddOn ROM Display Mode [Force BIOS]
Use the AddOn ROM Display Mode option to allow add-on ROM (read-only memory)
messages to be displayed.
Force BIOS
DEFAULT
The system forces third party BIOS to display
during system boot.
The system displays normal information during
Keep Current
system boot.
Bootup Num-Lock [On]
Use the Bootup Num-Lock BIOS option to specify if the number lock setting must be
modified during boot up.
Does not enable the keyboard Number Lock automatically. To
Off
use the 10-keys on the keyboard, press the Number Lock key
located on the upper left-hand corner of the 10-key pad. The
Number Lock LED on the keyboard lights up when the Number
Lock is engaged.
On
DEFAULT
Allows the Number Lock on the keyboard to be enabled
automatically when the computer system boots up. This allows
the immediate use of the 10-key numeric keypad located on
the right side of the keyboard. To confirm this, the Number
Lock LED light on the keyboard is lit.
PS/2 Mouse Support [Enabled]
Use the PS/2 Mouse Support option adjusts PS/2 mouse support capabilities.
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PS/2 mouse support is disabled and prevented from
Disabled
using system resources.
Enabled
DEFAULT
Allows the system to use a PS/2 mouse.
The system auto-adjusts PS/2 mouse support.
Auto
LAN Boot ROM Support [Disabled]
Use the LAN Boot ROM Support option to enable the system to be booted from a remote
system.
Disabled
(Default)
Cannot be booted from a remote system through the
LAN
Enabled
(Default)
Can be booted from a remote system through the
LAN
6.5.2 Boot Device Priority
Use the Boot Device Priority menu (BIOS Menu 17) to specify the boot sequence from
the available devices. Possible boot devices may include:
1st FLOPPY DRIVE
HDD
CD/DVD
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BIOS Menu 17: Boot Device Priority Settings
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6.5.3 Hard Disk Drives
Use the Hard Disk Drives menu to specify the boot sequence of the available HDDs.
When the menu is opened, the HDDs connected to the system are listed as shown below:
1st Drive
[HDD: PM-(part number)]
2nd Drive
[HDD: PS-(part number)]
3rd Drive
[HDD: SM-(part number)]
4th Drive
[HDD: SM-(part number)]
NOTE:
Only the drives connected to the system are shown. For example, if only
two HDDs are connected only “1st Drive” and “2nd Drive” are listed.
The boot sequence from the available devices is selected. If the “1st Drive” option is
selected a list of available HDDs is shown. Select the first HDD the system boots from. If
the “1st Drive” is not used for booting this option may be disabled.
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BIOS Menu 18: Hard Disk Drives
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6.6 Security
Use the Security menu (BIOS Menu 19) to set system and user passwords.
BIOS Menu 19: Security
Change Supervisor Password
Use the Change Supervisor Password to set or change a supervisor password. The
default for this option is Not Installed. If a supervisor password must be installed, select
this field and enter the password. After the password has been added, Install appears
next to Change Supervisor Password.
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Change User Password
Use the Change User Password to set or change a user password. The default for this
option is Not Installed. If a user password must be installed, select this field and enter the
password. After the password has been added, Install appears next to Change User
Password.
6.7 Chipset
Use the Chipset menu (BIOS Menu 20) to access the NorthBridge and SouthBridge
configuration menus.
WARNING:
Setting the wrong values for the Chipset BIOS selections in the Chipset
BIOS menu may cause the system to malfunction.
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BIOS Menu 20: Chipset
6.7.1 NorthBridge Configuration
Use the NorthBridge Configuration menu (BIOS Menu 20) to configure the northbridge
chipset.
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BIOS Menu 21:NorthBridge Chipset Configuration
DRAM Frequency [Auto]
Use the DRAM Frequency option to specify the DRAM frequency or allow the system to
automatically detect the DRAM frequency.
400MHz
Sets the DRAM frequency to 400MHz
533MHz
Sets the DRAM frequency to 533MHz
667MHz
Sets the DRAM frequency to 667MHz
Auto
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DEFAULT
Automatically selects the DRAM frequency
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Configure DRAM Timing by SPD [Enabled]
Use the Configure DRAM Timing by SPD option to determine if the system uses the
SPD (Serial Presence Detect) EEPROM to configure the DRAM timing. The SPD
EEPROM contains all necessary DIMM specifications including the speed of the individual
components such as CAS and bank cycle time as well as valid settings for the module and
the manufacturer's code. The SPD enables the BIOS to read the spec sheet of the DIMMs
on boot-up and then adjust the memory timing parameters accordingly.
DRAM timing parameters are manually set using the
Disabled
DRAM sub-items
Enabled
DEFAULT
DRAM timing parameter are set according to the
DRAM Serial Presence Detect (SPD)
If the Configure DRAM Timing by SPD option is disabled, the following configuration
options appear.
DRAM CAS# Latency [3]
DRAM RAS# to CAS# Delay [5 DRAM Clocks]
DRAM RAS# Precharge [5 DRAM Clocks]
DRAM RAS# Activate to Precha [15 DRAM Clocks]
DRAM CAS# Latency [6
Use the CAS Latency Time configuration option to set the Column Address Strobe (CAS)
delay time. (To be able to change this configuration option the DRAM Latency Timing
configuration option must be set to “Manual”) The following configuration options are
available
6 nanoseconds
DEFAULT
5 nanoseconds
4 nanoseconds
3 nanoseconds
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DRAM RAS# to CAS# Delay [6 DRAM Clocks]
Use the DRAM RAS# to CAS# Delay option to specify the number of clock cycles must
elapse between sending a RAS (row address strobe) signal and the CAS (column address
strobe) signal. A pause is required between the RAS signal and the CAS signal to ensure
the memory is correctly addressed. (To be able to change this configuration option the
Configure DRAM Timing by SPD configuration option must be set to “Disabled”)
Configuration options are listed below:
2 DRAM Clocks
3 DRAM Clocks
4 DRAM Clocks
5 DRAM Clocks
6 DRAM Clocks
DEFAULT
DRAM RAS# Precharge [3 DRAM Clocks]
Use the DRAM RAS# Precharge option to set the speed at which the RAM terminates the
access of one row and start accessing another. (To be able to change this configuration
option the DRAM RAS# Precharge configuration option must be set to “Manual”) The
following configuration options are available
2 DRAM Clocks
3 DRAM Clocks
4 DRAM Clocks
5 DRAM Clocks
6 DRAM Clocks
DEFAULT
DRAM RAS# Activate to Precha [15 DRAM Clocks]
Use the DRAM RAS# Activate to Precha option to specify the length of the delay
between the activation and precharge commands for the RAS signal. That is how long
after activation can the access cycle be started again. This influences row activation time
that is considered when memory has hit the last column in a specific row, or when an
entirely different memory location is requested. (To be able to change this configuration
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option the Configure DRAM Timing by SPD configuration option must be set to
“Disabled”) The following configuration options are available:
4 DRAM Clocks
5 DRAM Clocks
6 DRAM Clocks
7 DRAM Clocks
8 DRAM Clocks
9 DRAM Clocks
10 DRAM Clocks
11 DRAM Clocks
12 DRAM Clocks
13 DRAM Clocks
14 DRAM Clocks
15 DRAM Clocks
DEFAULT
Memory Hole [Disabled]
Use the Memory Hole option to reserve memory space between 15MB and 16MB for ISA
expansion cards that require a specified area of memory to work properly. If an older ISA
expansion card is used, please refer to the documentation that came with the card to see if
it is necessary to reserve the space.
Disabled
15MB – 16MB
DEFAULT
Memory is not reserved for ISA expansion cards
Between 15MB and 16MB of memory is reserved for
ISA expansion cards
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Boots Graphics Adapter [PEG/PCI]
Use the Boots Graphics Adapter option to select the graphics controller used as the
primary boot device. Select either an integrated graphics controller (IGD) or a combination
of PCI graphics controller, a PCI express (PEG) controller or an IGD. Configuration
options are listed below:
IGD
PCI/IGD
DEFAULT
Internal Graphics Mode Select [Enable, 8MB]
Use the Internal Graphic Mode Select option to specify the amount of system memory
that can be used by the Internal graphics device.
Disable
1MB of memory used by internal graphics device
Enable, 1MB
Enable, 8MB
DEFAULT
8MB of memory used by internal graphics device
PEG Port [Enabled]
Use the PEG Port option to enable or disable the PCI Express port.
Installed PEG cards cannot function.
Disabled
Auto
DEFAULT
PEG card is detected automatically and functions
normally
PEG Force X1 [Disabled]
Use the PEG Force x1 option to convert a PCI express X16 slot into a PCI express X1
slot.
Disabled
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PCI express X16 slot runs in normal mode
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Enabled
DEFAULT
PCI express X16 slot runs in PCI express X1
mode
6.7.1.1 Video Function Configuration
Use the Video Function Configuration menu to configure the video device connected to
the system.
Figure 6-1: Video Function Configuration
DVMT Mode Select [DVMT Mode]
Use the DVMT Mode Select option to select the Intel Dynamic Video Memory Technology
(DVMT) operating mode.
Fixed Mode
A fixed portion of graphics memory is reserved as
graphics memory.
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DVMT Mode
DEFAULT
Graphics
memory
is
dynamically
allocated
according to the system and graphics needs.
A fixed portion of graphics memory is reserved as
Combo Mode
graphics memory. If more memory is needed,
graphics
memory
is
dynamically
allocated
according to the system and graphics needs.
DVMT/FIXED Memory
Use the DVMT/FIXED Memory option to specify the maximum amount of memory that
can be allocated as graphics memory. This option can only be configured for if DVMT
Mode or Fixed Mode is selected in the DVMT Mode Select option. If Combo Mode is
selected, the maximum amount of graphics memory is 128MB. Configuration options are
listed below.
64MB
128MB
DEFAULT
Maximum DVMT
Boot Display Device
Use the Boot Display Device option to select the display device used by the system
when it boots. Configuration options are listed below.
Auto
CRT
DEFAULT
TV
LFP
CRT + LFP
Flat Panel Type [640x480 18bit LVDS]
The Flat Panel Type BIOS option specifies the flat panel PC type being used.
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NOTE:
Please refer to the technical documents that came with the flat panel
PC to ensure the correct settings are selected.
The following options are available:
640x480 18bits
800x600 18bits
1024x768 18bits
1280x1024 36bits
1400x1050 36bits
1600x1200 36bits
1024x768 48bits
1440*900 36bits
1440*900 48bits
6.7.2 SouthBridge Chipset Configuration
The SouthBridge Chipset Configuration menu (BIOS Menu 22) the southbridge chipset to
be configured.
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BIOS Menu 22:SouthBridge Chipset Configuration
Audio Controller [AC`97 Audio]
The Audio Controller option allows selection of the audio controller to use.
The Intel® High Definition Audio controller is enabled
HD Audio
AC`97 Audio
DEFAULT
The on-board AC’97 controller is enabled
All audio controllers are disabled
All Disabled
PCIE Port n [Enabled]
Use the PCIE Port n option to determine enable or disable the nth PCIe port.
Auto
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DEFAULT
nth PCI Express port is detected automatically
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
Disabled
nth PCI Express port disabled.
Enabled
nth PCI Express port enabled.
6.8 Exit
Use the Exit menu (BIOS Menu 23) to load default BIOS values, optimal failsafe values
and to save configuration changes.
BIOS Menu 23:Exit
Save Changes and Exit
Use the Save Changes and Exit option to save the changes made to the BIOS options
and to exit the BIOS configuration setup program.
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Discard Changes and Exit
Use the Discard Changes and Exit option to exit the BIOS configuration setup program
without saving the changes made to the system.
Discard Changes
Use the Discard Changes option to discard the changes and remain in the BIOS
configuration setup program.
Load Optimal Defaults
Use the Load Optimal Defaults option to load the optimal default values for each of the
parameters on the Setup menus. F9 key can be used for this operation.
Load Failsafe Defaults
Use the Load Failsafe Defaults option to load failsafe default values for each of the
parameters on the Setup menus. F8 key can be used for this operation.
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Chapter
7
7 Driver Installation
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7.1 Available Software Drivers
Note:
The content of the CD may vary throughout the life cycle of the product
and is subject to change without prior notice. You may visit the IEI
website or contact technical support for the latest updates.
The following drivers can be installed on the system.
Chipset driver
VGA driver
LAN driver
Installation instructions are given below.
7.2 Driver CD Auto-run
All the drivers for the PICOe-9452 are on the CD that came with the system. To install the
drivers, please follow the steps below.
Step 1: Insert the CD into a CD drive connected to the system.
Step 2: The starts up automatically
Step 3: Select PICOe-9452 from the initial menu shown in Figure 7-1.
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Figure 7-1: Introduction Screen
Step 4: A new screen with a list of available drivers appears (Figure 7-2).
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Figure 7-2: Available Drivers
Step 5: Select the driver to install from the list in Figure 7-2. Step 0:
7.3 Chipset Driver Installation
To install the chipset driver, please follow the steps below:
Step 1: Select the INF driver from the list in Figure 7-2.
Step 2: A new window opens (Figure 7-3).
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Figure 7-3: Chipset Driver Installation Program
Step 3: Double click the infinst_Autol icon in Figure 7-3.
Step 4: The welcome screen in Figure 7-4 appears.
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Figure 7-4: Chipset Driver Installation Welcome Screen
Step 5: Click NEXT in Figure 7-4 to continue the installation process.
Step 6: The license agreement in Figure 7-5 appears.
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Figure 7-5: Chipset Driver Installation License Agreement
Step 7: Click YES to continue the setup.
Step 8: The Readme file in Figure 7-6 appears.
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Figure 7-6: Chipset Driver Readme File Information
Step 9: Click NEXT in Figure 7-6 to start the driver installation.
Step 10: After the driver installation process is complete, a confirmation screen (Figure
7-7) appears. Step 0:
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Figure 7-7: Chipset Driver Installation Complete
7.4 Intel Graphics Media Accelerator Driver
To install the chipset driver, please follow the steps below:
Step 1: Select the VGA driver from the list in Figure 7-2.
Step 2: A new window opens (Figure 7-8).
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Figure 7-8: Select the Operating System
Step 3: Select the operating system from those shown in Figure 7-8.
Step 4: A new window appears (Figure 7-9).
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Figure 7-9: VGA Driver
Step 5: Click the installation program icon in Figure 7-9.
Step 6: The Readme information file shown in Figure 7-10 appears.
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Figure 7-10: GMA Driver Readme File
Step 7: Click NEXT to extract the GMA driver files. See Figure 7-11.
Figure 7-11: GMA Driver File Extraction
Step 8: The welcome screen shown in Figure 7-12 appears.
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Figure 7-12: GMA Driver Installation Welcome Screen
Step 9: To continue the installation process, click NEXT.
Step 10: The license agreement in Figure 7-13 appears.
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Figure 7-13: GMA Driver License Agreement
Step 11: Click the YES in Figure 7-13 to continue.
Step 12: The installation notice shown in Figure 7-14 appears.
Figure 7-14: GMA Driver Installing Notice
Step 13: A confirmation screen shown in Figure 7-15 appears.
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Figure 7-15: GMA Driver Installation Complete
Step 14: After selecting when to restart the computer in Figure 7-15, click FINISH. Step 0:
7.5 Broadcom LAN Driver (for GbE LAN) Installation
To install the Broadcom LAN driver, please follow the steps below.
Step 1: Open Windows Control Panel (Figure 7-16).
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Figure 7-16: Access Windows Control Panel
Step 2: Double click the System icon (Figure 7-17).
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Figure 7-17: Double Click the System Icon
Step 3: Double click the Device Manager tab (Figure 7-18).
Figure 7-18: Double Click the Device Manager Tab
Step 4: A list of system hardware devices appears (Figure 7-19).
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Figure 7-19: Device Manager List
Step 5: Double click the listed device that has question marks next to it. (This means
Windows does not recognize the device).
Step 6: The Device Driver Wizard appears (Figure 7-20). Click NEXT to continue.
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Figure 7-20: Search for Suitable Driver
Step 7: Select “Specify a Location” in the Locate Driver Files window (Figure 7-21).
Click NEXT to continue.
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Figure 7-21: Locate Driver Files
Step 8: Select the proper OS folder under the “X:\3-LAN\BROADCOM BCM57xx
Drivers” directory (Figure 7-22) in the location browsing window, where “X:\” is
the system CD drive.
Figure 7-22: Location Browsing Window
Step 9: Click OK to continue. A driver files location menu window appears. Click NEXT to
continue. The driver is installed.Step 0:
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7.6 Realtek HD Audio Driver (ALC883) Installation
To install the Realtek High Definition (HD) Audio driver, please follow the steps below.
7.6.1 BIOS Setup
Step 1: Enter the BIOS setup. To do this, reboot the system and press DEL during POST.
Step 2: Go to the Southbridge Configuration menu. Set the Audio Controller option to
[Azalia]. See Chapter 6 for details.
Step 3: Press F10 to save the changes and exit the BIOS setup. The system reboots.
Step 0:
7.6.2 Driver Installation
Step 1: Insert the CD that came with the package.
Step 2: From the main driver menu, navigate to X:\4-AUDIO\AC-KIT883HD\Windows
(or other appropriate OS). X:\ represents the system CD drive. A new window
appears showing the folder contents (Figure 6-26).
Figure 7-23: 4-AUDIO\AC-KIT883HD\Windows Folder
Step 3: Double-click the WDM_R140 icon to begin the driver installation process.
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Step 4: Once the WDM_R140 icon is double clicked, the contents of the installation
package are extracted. See Figure 7-24.
Figure 7-24: HD Audio Driver Setup Extracting Files
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Step 5: The Welcome screen appears. Click NEXT. See Figure 7-25.
Figure 7-25: HD Audio Driver Setup Welcome Screen
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Step 6: The driver is automatically installed.
Step 7: After the driver installation process is complete, a confirmation screen shown in
Figure 7-26 appears.
Figure 7-26: HD Audio Driver Installation Complete
Step 8: The confirmation screen shown in Figure 7-26 allows you to restart the
computer immediately after the installation is complete or to restart the computer
later. For the settings to take effect the computer must be restarted. Once you
have decided when to restart the computer, click the “FINISH” button. Step 0:
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7.7 Realtek AC`97 Audio Driver (ALC665) Installation
To install the Realtek AC `97 audio driver, please follow the steps below.
7.7.1 BIOS Setup
Step 1: Enter the BIOS setup. To do this, reboot the system and press DEL during POST.
Step 2: Go to the Southbridge Configuration menu. Set the Audio Controller option to
[AC`97]. See Section Error! Reference source not found. for details.
Step 3: Press F10 to save the changes and exit the BIOS setup. The system reboots.
Step 0:
7.7.2 Driver Installation
Step 1: Insert the CD that came with the package.
Step 2: From the main driver menu, navigate to X:\4-AUDIO\AC-KIT08R\Windows (or
other appropriate OS). X:\ represents the system CD drive. A new window
appears showing the folder contents (Figure 7-27).
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Figure 7-27: CD 4-AUDIO\AC-KIT08R\Windows Folder
Step 3: Double-click the Setup.exe file to begin the driver installation process.
Step 4: Once you double click the Setup icon, the install shield wizard for the audio
driver starts. See Figure 7-28.
Figure 7-28: AC`97 Audio Driver Install Shield Wizard Starting
Step 5: The Realtek Audio Setup prepares the install shield to guide you through the
rest of the setup process. See Figure 7-25.
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Figure 7-29: AC`97 Audio Driver Setup Preparation
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Step 6: After the install shield is prepared, the welcome screen shown in Figure 7-30
appears. To continue the installation process, click the “NEXT” button. The install
shield starts to configure the new software as shown in Figure 7-31.
Figure 7-30: AC`97 Audio Driver Welcome Screen
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Figure 7-31: AC`97 Audio Driver Software Configuration
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Step 7: At this stage the “Digital Signal Not Found” screen appears (Figure 7-32). To
continue the installation process, click the “YES” button.
Figure 7-32: AC`97 Audio Driver Digital Signal
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Step 8: After clicking the “YES” button in Figure 7-32, the installation of the driver begins
(Figure 7-33).
Figure 7-33: AC`97 Audio Driver Installation Begins
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Step 9: After the driver installation process is complete, a confirmation screen shown in
Figure 7-34 appears.
Figure 7-34: AC`97 Audio Driver Installation Complete
Step 10: The confirmation screen shown in Figure 7-34 allows you to restart the
computer immediately after the installation is complete or to restart the computer
later. For the settings to take effect the computer must be restarted. Once you
have decided when to restart the computer, click the “FINISH” button. Step 0:
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7.8 Intel Matrix Storage Manager Installation
To install the Intel® Matrix Storage Manager driver, please follow the steps below:
Step 1: Select SATA from the list in Figure 7-2.
Step 2: A new window opens (Figure 7-35).
Figure 7-35: SATA RAID Driver Installation Program
Step 3: Double-click the INTEL folder.
Step 4: Double-click the iata62_cd.exe program icon in Figure 7-36.
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Figure 7-36: SATA RAID Setup Program Icon
Step 5:
Figure 7-37 shows the InstallShield Wizard preparing to guide the user
through the rest of the process.
Figure 7-37: InstallShield Wizard Setup Screen
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Step 6: Figure 7-38 shows the Matrix Storage Manager software configuring the
installation process.
Figure 7-38: Matrix Storage Manager Setup Screen
Step 7: Figure 7-39 shows the Matrix Storage Manager welcome screen.
Figure 7-39: Matrix Storage Manager Welcome Screen
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Step 8: Click NEXT and a warning appears (Figure 7-40). Read the warning carefully
and decide whether or not to continue the installation process.
Figure 7-40: Matrix Storage Manager Warning Screen
Step 9: Click NEXT and a license agreement appears (Figure 7-41).
Figure 7-41: Matrix Storage Manager License Agreement
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Step 10: Read the license agreement. To accept the terms and conditions stipulated in
the license agreement shown, click YES and the Readme information file shown
in Figure 7-42 appears.
Figure 7-42: Matrix Storage Manager Readme File
Step 11: Read the Readme file information and click NEXT.
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Step 12: After the driver installation process is complete, a confirmation screen appears
(Figure 7-43).
Figure 7-43: Matrix Storage Manager Setup Complete
Step 13: The confirmation screen offers the option of restarting the computer now or later.
For the settings to take effect, the computer must be restarted. Click FINISH to
restart the computer. Step 0:
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Appendix
A
A BIOS Options
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System Overview .............................................................................................................. 108
System Time [xx:xx:xx] .................................................................................................... 109
System Date [xx/xx/xx] ..................................................................................................... 109
ATA/IDE Configurations [Compatible] .............................................................................112
Legacy IDE Channels [PATA Pri, SATA Sec]....................................................................112
IDE Master and IDE Slave..................................................................................................113
Auto-Detected Drive Parameters......................................................................................114
Type [Auto] .........................................................................................................................115
ZIP........................................................................................................................................115
LS-120 .................................................................................................................................115
LBA/Large Mode [Auto].....................................................................................................116
Block (Multi Sector Transfer) [Auto] ................................................................................116
PIO Mode [Auto].................................................................................................................116
DMA Mode [Auto] ...............................................................................................................117
S.M.A.R.T [Auto].................................................................................................................118
32Bit Data Transfer [Enabled]...........................................................................................118
Serial Port1 Address [3F8/IRQ4]...................................................................................... 120
Serial Port1 Mode [Normal].............................................................................................. 120
Serial Port2 Address [2F8/IRQ3]...................................................................................... 120
Serial Port2 Mode [Normal].............................................................................................. 121
Parallel Port Address [Disabled] ..................................................................................... 121
Parallel Port Mode [Normal]............................................................................................. 121
Parallel Port IRQ [IRQ7].................................................................................................... 122
CPU FAN Mode Setting [Full On Mode] .......................................................................... 123
CPU Temp. Limit of OFF [000] ......................................................................................... 124
CPU Temp. Limit of Start [020]......................................................................................... 124
CPU Temp. Limit of Full [080] .......................................................................................... 125
CPU Fan Start PWM [070]................................................................................................. 126
Slope PWM 1 [1 PWM] ...................................................................................................... 126
CPU Fan PWM Control [070] ............................................................................................ 126
Hardware Health Monitoring ............................................................................................ 127
ACPI Aware O/S [Yes] ....................................................................................................... 128
Suspend Mode [S1(POS)]................................................................................................. 129
Repost Video on S3 Resume [No] ................................................................................... 130
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Power Management/APM [Enabled]................................................................................ 131
Restore on AC Power Loss [Power Off] ......................................................................... 132
Power Button Mode [On/Off]............................................................................................ 132
Resume on Ring [Disabled] ............................................................................................. 132
Resume on PME# [Disabled] ........................................................................................... 132
Resume On RTC Alarm [Disabled] .................................................................................. 133
RTC Alarm Date (Days)..................................................................................................... 133
System Time ...................................................................................................................... 133
Power Supply Mode [ATX] ............................................................................................... 133
MPS Revision [1.4]............................................................................................................ 134
Remote Access [Disabled]............................................................................................... 135
Serial Port Number ........................................................................................................... 135
Serial Port Mode................................................................................................................ 136
Flow Control ...................................................................................................................... 136
Redirection after BIOS POST........................................................................................... 136
Terminal Type .................................................................................................................... 136
VT-UTF8 Combo Key Support.......................................................................................... 136
Serial Port Number [COM1].............................................................................................. 136
Base Address, IRQ [3F8h,4]............................................................................................. 136
Serial Port Mode [115200 8,n,1] ....................................................................................... 136
Flow Control [None].......................................................................................................... 137
Redirection After BIOS POST [Always] .......................................................................... 137
Terminal Type [ANSI] ........................................................................................................ 137
VT-UTF8 Combo Key Support [Disabled] ....................................................................... 138
Sredir Memory Display Delay [Disabled]........................................................................ 138
USB Function [8 USB ports] ............................................................................................ 139
USB 2.0 Controller [Enabled]........................................................................................... 140
Legacy USB Support [Enabled]....................................................................................... 140
USB 2.0 Controller Mode [HiSpeed] ................................................................................ 140
BIOS EHCI Handoff ........................................................................................................... 140
Clear NVRAM [No]............................................................................................................. 143
Plug & Play O/S [No]......................................................................................................... 143
PCI Latency Timer [64] ..................................................................................................... 144
Allocate IRQ to PCI VGA [Yes]......................................................................................... 144
Palette Snooping [Disabled] ............................................................................................ 144
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PCI IDE BusMaster [Disabled] ......................................................................................... 145
OffBoard PCI/ISA IDE Card [Auto]................................................................................... 145
IRQ# [Available] .............................................................................................................. 146
DMA Channel# [Available]................................................................................................ 147
Reserved Memory Size [Disabled] .................................................................................. 147
Quick Boot [Enabled] ....................................................................................................... 149
Quiet Boot [Disabled] ....................................................................................................... 149
AddOn ROM Display Mode [Force BIOS] ....................................................................... 150
Bootup Num-Lock [On] .................................................................................................... 150
PS/2 Mouse Support [Enabled] ....................................................................................... 150
LAN Boot ROM Support [Disabled]................................................................................. 151
Change Supervisor Password ......................................................................................... 155
Change User Password.................................................................................................... 156
DRAM Frequency [Auto] .................................................................................................. 158
Configure DRAM Timing by SPD [Enabled] ................................................................... 159
DRAM CAS# Latency [6.................................................................................................... 159
DRAM RAS# to CAS# Delay [6 DRAM Clocks]............................................................... 160
DRAM RAS# Precharge [3 DRAM Clocks]...................................................................... 160
DRAM RAS# Activate to Precha [15 DRAM Clocks] ...................................................... 160
Memory Hole [Disabled] ................................................................................................... 161
Boots Graphics Adapter [PEG/PCI]................................................................................. 162
Internal Graphics Mode Select [Enable, 8MB] ............................................................... 162
PEG Port [Enabled]........................................................................................................... 162
PEG Force X1 [Disabled].................................................................................................. 162
DVMT Mode Select [DVMT Mode].................................................................................... 163
DVMT/FIXED Memory ....................................................................................................... 164
Boot Display Device ......................................................................................................... 164
Flat Panel Type [640x480 18bit LVDS]............................................................................. 164
Audio Controller [AC`97 Audio]....................................................................................... 166
PCIE Port n [Enabled]....................................................................................................... 166
Save Changes and Exit .................................................................................................... 167
Discard Changes and Exit................................................................................................ 168
Discard Changes............................................................................................................... 168
Load Optimal Defaults ...................................................................................................... 168
Load Failsafe Defaults ...................................................................................................... 168
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Appendix
B
B DIO Interface
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B.1 DIO Interface Introduction
The DIO connector on the PICOe-9452 is interfaced to GIO ports on the iTE Super I/O
chipset. The DIO has both 4-bit digital inputs and 4-bit digital outputs. The digital inputs
and digital outputs are generally control signals that control the on/off circuit of external
devices or TTL devices. Data can be read or written to the selected address to enable the
DIO functions.
NOTE:
For further information, please refer to the datasheet for the iTE Super
I/O chipset.
B.2 DIO Connector Pinouts
The following table describes how the DIO connector pins are connected to the Super I/O
GPIO port 1.
PIN NO. DESCRIPTION
PIN NO. DESCRIPTION
1
GND
2
VCC
3
Output 3
4
Output 2
5
Output 1
6
Output 0
7
Input 3
8
Input 2
9
Input 1
10
Input 0
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B.3 Assembly Language Samples
B.3.1 Enable the DIO Input Function
The BIOS interrupt call INT 15H controls the digital I/O. An assembly program to enable
digital I/O input functions is listed below.
MOV
AX, 6F08H
Sets the digital port as input
INT
15H
Initiates the INT 15H BIOS call
B.3.2 Enable the DIO Output Function
The BIOS interrupt call INT 15H controls the digital I/O. An assembly program to enable
digital I/O output functions is listed below.
MOV
AX, 6F09H
MOV
BL, 09H
INT
15H
Sets the digital port as output
Initiates the INT 15H BIOS call
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Appendix
C
C Watchdog Timer
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NOTE:
The following discussion applies to DOS environment. IEI support is
contacted or the IEI website visited for specific drivers for more
sophisticated operating systems, e.g., Windows and Linux.
The Watchdog Timer is provided to ensure that standalone systems can always recover
from catastrophic conditions that cause the CPU to crash. This condition may have
occurred by external EMI or a software bug. When the CPU stops working correctly,
Watchdog Timer either performs a hardware reset (cold boot) or a Non-Maskable Interrupt
(NMI) to bring the system back to a known state.
A BIOS function call (INT 15H) is used to control the Watchdog Timer:
INT 15H:
AH – 6FH Sub-function:
AL – 2:
Sets the Watchdog Timer’s period.
BL:
Time-out value (Its unit-second is dependent on the item “Watchdog
Timer unit select” in CMOS setup).
Table C-1: AH-6FH Sub-function
Call sub-function 2 to set the time-out period of Watchdog Timer first. If the time-out value
is not zero, the Watchdog Timer starts counting down. While the timer value reaches zero,
the system resets. To ensure that this reset condition does not occur, calling sub-function
2 must periodically refresh the Watchdog Timer. However, the Watchdog timer is disabled
if the time-out value is set to zero.
A tolerance of at least 10% must be maintained to avoid unknown routines within the
operating system (DOS), such as disk I/O that can be very time-consuming.
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NOTE:
When exiting a program it is necessary to disable the Watchdog Timer,
otherwise the system resets.
Example program:
; INITIAL TIMER PERIOD COUNTER
;
W_LOOP:
MOV
AX, 6F02H
;setting the time-out value
MOV
BL, 30
;time-out value is 48 seconds
INT
15H
;
; ADD THE APPLICATION PROGRAM HERE
;
CMP
EXIT_AP, 1
JNE
W_LOOP
;is the application over?
;No, restart the application
MOV
AX, 6F02H
;disable Watchdog Timer
MOV
BL, 0
;
INT
15H
;
; EXIT ;
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Appendix
D
D Address Mapping
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D.1 Address Map
I/O address Range
Description
000-01F
DMA Controller
020-021
Interrupt Controller
040-043
System time
060-06F
Keyboard Controller
070-07F
System CMOS/Real time Clock
080-09F
DMA Controller
0A0-0A1
Interrupt Controller
0C0-0DF
DMA Controller
0F0-0FF
Numeric data processor
1F0-1F7
Primary IDE Channel
2F8-2FF
Serial Port 2 (COM2)
378-37F
Parallel Printer Port 1 (LPT1)
3B0-3BB
Intel Graphics Controller
3C0-3DF
Intel Graphics Controller
3F6-3F6
Primary IDE Channel
3F7-3F7
Standard floppy disk controller
3F8-3FF
Serial Port 1 (COM1)
Table D-1: IO Address Map
D.2 1st MB Memory Address Map
Memory address
Description
00000-9FFFF
System memory
A0000-BFFFF
VGA buffer
F0000-FFFFF
System BIOS
1000000-
Extend BIOS
Table D-2: 1st MB Memory Address Map
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D.3 IRQ Mapping Table
IRQ0
System Timer IRQ8
RTC clock
IRQ1
Keyboard
IRQ9
ACPI
IRQ2
Available
IRQ10
LAN
IRQ3
COM2
IRQ11
LAN/USB2.0/SATA
IRQ4
COM1
IRQ12
PS/2 mouse
IRQ5
SMBus Controller IRQ13
FPU
IRQ6
FDC
IRQ14
Primary IDE
IRQ7
Available
IRQ15
Secondary IDE
Table D-3: IRQ Mapping Table
D.4 DMA Channel Assignments
Channel
Function
0
Available
1
Available
2
Floppy disk (8-bit transfer)
3
Available
4
Cascade for DMA controller 1
5
Available
6
Available
7
Available
Table D-4: IRQ Mapping Table
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Appendix
E
®
E Intel Matrix Storage
Manager
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E.1 Introduction
The Intel® ICH7-M chipset can provide data protection for serial ATA (SATA) disks via the
Intel® Matrix Storage Manager using one of three fault-tolerant RAID levels: RAID 1, 5 or
10. When using two hard drives, matrix RAID allows RAID 0 and RAID 1 functions to be
combined, where critical files can be stored on RAID 1, and RAID 0 can be used for
non-critical items such as software. RAID 5 and RAID 0 can be combined to provide
higher performance, capacity, and fault tolerance.
CAUTION!
A configured RAID volume (which may consist of multiple hard drives) appears
to an operating system as a contingent storage space. The operating system
will not be able to distinguish the physical disk drives contained in a RAID
configuration.
E.1.1 Precautions
One key benefit a RAID configuration brings is that a single hard drive can fail within a
RAID array without damaging data. With RAID1 array, a failed drive can be replaced and
the RAID configuration restored.
WARNING!
Irrecoverable data loss occurs if a working drive is removed when trying to
remove a failed drive. It is strongly recommended to mark the physical
connections of all SATA disk drives. Drive locations can be identified by
attaching stickers to the drive bays. If a drive member of a RAID array should
fail, the failed drive can then be correctly identified.
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CAUTION!
Do not accidentally disconnect the SATA drive cables. Carefully route the
cables within the chassis to avoid system down time.
E.2 Features and Benefits
Supports RAID levels 0, 1, 5 and 10
Supports connectivity to two or more disk drives
Supported Operating Systems include: Windows XP, Windows Server 2003
and Windows Vista
E.3 Accessing the Intel® Matrix Storage Manager
To access the Intel® Matrix Storage Manager, please follow the steps below.
Step 1: Connect SATA drives to the system. Connect two or more SATA drives to the
system. Make sure the drives have the same capacity, are the same type and
have the same speed.
NOTE:
Make sure the SATA drives are EXACTLY the same when they are configured
in a RAID configuration. If they are not the same size, disk drive capacity is
sacrificed and overall performance affected.
Step 2: Enable SATA drives in BIOS. Start the computer and access the BIOS setup
program. Enable SATA support for all IDE devices. Refer to the applicable BIOS
configuration section in this user manual.
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Step 3: Save and Exit BIOS. After the SATA support option is enabled, save and exit
the BIOS.
Step 4: Reboot the system. Reboot the system after saving and exiting the BIOS.
Step 5: Press Ctrl+I. During the system boot process, press Ctrl+I when prompted to
enter the RAID configuration software.
Step 6: Configure the RAID settings. Use the Intel® Matrix Storage Manager to
configure the RAID array. Brief descriptions of configuration options are given
below.
Step 7: Install the OS. After the RAID array has been configured, install the OS. To do
this, please refer to the documentation that came with the OS.Step 0:
E.4 RAID Configuration
E.4.1 Creating a RAID Volume
WARNING!
All data previously stored on the member drives of a RAID configuration are
destroyed during the RAID initialization process. If “used” drives are used to
create a RAID array, make sure the data has been moved or backed up
before creating a RAID array out of the disk drives.
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Step 1: Select “Create RAID Volume.” Use the arrow keys to highlight Create RAID
Volume and press ENTER. See Figure E-1.
Figure E-1: Matrix Storage Manager Main Menu
Step 2: Name the RAID volume. Enter a name for the RAID volume, or press ENTER to
accept the default volume name. Upper and lower case alphabetic, numeric,
space, and underscore characters are all applicable for naming an array. See
Figure E-2.
Figure E-2: Create RAID Volume Name
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Step 3: Choose the RAID level. Select a RAID level from the list. RAID levels include
RAID 0, 1, 5 and 10. See Figure E-3.
NOTE:
RAID 0 and RAID1 levels require a minimum of two hard drives.
RAID 10 level requires a minimum of four hard drives.
RAID5 level requires a minimum of three hard drives.
Figure E-3: Choose the Raid Level
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Step 4: Select the Stripe Size. Select a stripe size from the list. See Figure E-4.
Figure E-4: Select the Stripe Size
Step 5: Enter the Volume Capacity. Enter the volume capacity, or press ENTER to
accept the default capacity. See Figure E-5.
Figure E-5: Enter the Volume Capacity
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Step 6: Create the RAID Volume. Press ENTER to create the RAID volume as specified.
See Figure E-6.
Figure E-6: Create the RAID Volume
Step 7: Create RAID Volume Verification. After reading the warning, press Y to create
the RAID volume as specified, or N to return to the Create RAID Volume menu.
See Figure E-7. Step 0:
Figure E-7: Create RAID Volume Verification
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E.4.2 Deleting a RAID Volume
WARNING!
All data stored on the member drives of a RAID volume are destroyed during
the RAID deletion process. Make sure any data to be saved has been moved
or backed up before deleting a RAID volume.
Step 1: Select “Delete RAID Volume.” Use the arrow keys to highlight Delete RAID
Volume and press ENTER. See Figure E-8.
Figure E-8: Delete RAID Volume Menu
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Step 2: Select RAID Volume to be Deleted. Use the arrow keys to highlight the RAID
volume to be deleted and press ENTER. See Figure E-9.
Figure E-9: Select RAID Volume to be Deleted
Step 3: Delete Volume Verification. After reading the warning, press Y to delete the
specified RAID volume, or N to return to the Delete Volume menu.
See Figure E-10.
Figure E-10: Delete Volume Verification
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Step 4: Non-RAID Disks. After deleting the RAID volume, the disks belonging to the
volume will be shown as non-RAID disks. See Figure E-11. Step 0:
Figure E-11: Non-RAID Disks
E.4.3 Resetting a Disk to Non-RAID
WARNING!
All data stored on the disk drive of a RAID volume is destroyed when
resetting it to non-RAID. Make sure any data to be saved has been moved or
backed up before resetting a disk to non-RAID.
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Step 1: Select “Reset Disk to Non-RAID.” Use the arrow keys to highlight Reset Disk
to Non-RAID and press ENTER. See Figure E-12.
Figure E-12: Reset Disk to Non-RAID Menu
Step 2: Select Disks to Reset. Use the arrow keys to scroll through the disk drives and
press SPACE to select which drives are to be reset as non-RAID. After all the
disks to be reset have been chosen, press ENTER. See Figure E-13.
Figure E-13: Select Disk to Reset
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Step 3: Reset Disk Verification. After reading the warning, press Y to reset the
selected disks as non-RAID, or N to return to the Reset RAID Data menu.
See Figure E-14.
Figure E-14: Reset Disk Verification
Step 4: Disk Drive and RAID Volume Status. After the disk drives have been reset, the
Matrix Storage Manager Main menu is shown indicating the status of the RAID
volumes and disk drives. See Figure E-15. Step 0:
Figure E-15: Disk Drive and RAID Volume Status
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E.4.4 Exiting the Matrix Storage Manager
Step 1: Select “Exit.” Use the arrow keys to highlight Exit and press ENTER.
See Figure E-16.
Figure E-16: Exit Menu
Step 2: Exit Verification. Press Y to exit the Matrix Storage Manager, or N to return to
the Main menu. See Figure E-17. Step 0:
Figure E-17: Exit Verification
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F Index
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BIOS chipset ....................................... 21
+
+12V ATX power supply connector.... 41
location and pinouts ........................ 41
A
ACPI................................. 127, 128, 129
Advanced Power Management ...... 131
airflow ................................................. 85
anti-static precautions ................... 32, 70
anti-static pad ............................ 32, 70
anti-static wristband .................. 32, 70
handling..................................... 32, 70
self-grounding ........................... 32, 70
ASKIR interface.................................. 54
ATA flat cable................................ 88, 89
ATX power supply .............................. 44
Audio Codec ’97 ................................. 17
audio connector............................... 4, 42
location and pinouts ........................ 42
B
backlight inverter connector ............... 43
location and pinouts ........................ 43
backplane power connector................... 4
backplane to mainboard connector
location and pinouts ........................ 44
BIOS ...22, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111,
112, 113, 114, 119, 122, 123, 127, 128,
129, 130, 131, 133, 134, 135, 137, 138,
139, 141, 143, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152,
154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 165, 166, 167
Page 238
C
cables .................................................. 86
dual port USB ................................. 97
dual RS-232 cable ........................... 94
keyboard/mouse Y-cable ................. 91
LPT ................................................. 92
parallel port ..................................... 92
CF card.......................................... 45, 79
installation....................................... 79
location and pinouts ........................ 45
setup jumper.................................... 81
socket .............................................. 45
CF card setup jumper .......................... 81
location............................................ 81
settings ............................................ 81
chassis ................................................. 85
installation....................................... 85
chipset ................................................. 12
northbridge...................................... 12
chipset driver............................. 172, 177
clear CMOS jumper ........................ 5, 82
location............................................ 83
settings ............................................ 83
CMOS ................................................. 82
clear CMOS jumper ........................ 82
codec ................................................... 17
AC’97.............................................. 17
compact flash connector ....................... 4
CompactFlash ..................................... 45
socket location and pinouts............. 45
connectors, pinouts and location
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
+12V ATX power supply ................ 41
audio................................................ 42
backlight inverter ............................ 43
backplane to mainboard inverter..... 44
COM 2 serial port ........................... 61
CompactFlash ................................. 45
digital input/output.......................... 48
fan ................................................... 49
IDE.................................................. 52
infrared interface............................. 54
keyboard/mouse .............................. 55
LVDS LCD (30-pin) ....................... 56
parallel port ..................................... 58
serial port (COM 2)......................... 61
USB (internal)................................. 62
cooling................................................. 85
airflow ............................................. 85
cooling fan .............................. 49, 76, 77
cooling kit installation......................... 76
CPU
cooling fan ...................................... 76
heat sink .......................................... 76
installation....................................... 73
CPU......................................................11
compatible........................................11
CRT monitor ..................................... 102
D
DB-15 connector............................... 102
digital input/output connector ......... 4, 48
location and pinouts ........................ 48
dimensions ............................................ 8
board ................................................. 8
external peripheral interface connector
panel.............................................. 9
DIMM ................................................. 78
installation....................................... 78
specifcations.................................... 78
DIO connector....................................... 4
dual port USB cable ............................ 97
E
electrostatic discharge................... 32, 70
Enhanced Hardware Monitor.............. 24
Ethernet ............................................... 99
RJ-45 cable connector..................... 99
RJ-45 connector ................................ 5
Ethernet connectors............................. 64
Ethernet controllers............................. 64
external indicators............................... 51
external peripheral interface ............... 99
connection ....................................... 99
connectors ....................................... 99
external switches................................. 51
F
fan connector................................... 4, 49
location and pinouts ........................ 49
fan speed controller............................. 24
FDD ...................................................119
front panel connector ...................... 4, 51
location and pinouts ........................ 51
front side bus......................................... 2
FSB ....................................................111
H
hard disk drives
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
SATA............................................... 59
HDD LED ........................................... 51
heat sink .............................................. 76
I
IDE connector, 40-pin........................... 4
IDE connector, 44-pin......................... 52
location and pinouts ........................ 52
IDE device ........................ 87, 88, 89, 90
ATA flat cable............................ 88, 89
connector............................. 87, 88, 90
IDE flat cable .................................. 87
IDE flat cable ...................................... 87
IDE interface....................................... 18
infrared interface................................. 54
Amplitude Shift Key Infrared ......... 54
ASKIR............................................. 54
Serial Infrared ................................. 54
SIR .................................................. 54
infrared interface connector ............ 4, 54
location and pinouts ........................ 54
installation checklist............................ 72
inverter connector ................................. 4
IrDA ................................................. 121
J
jumper ................................................. 80
CF card setup .................................. 81
clear CMOS .................................... 82
jumper configuration....................... 80
LVDS voltage selection .................. 84
Page 240
K
keyboard.............................................. 55
keyboard connector............................... 4
keyboard controller ............................. 24
keyboard/mouse .................................. 91
cable connection.............................. 91
onboard connector........................... 91
Y-cable ............................................ 91
keyboard/mouse connector ................. 55
location and pinouts ........................ 55
L
LAN connection.................................. 99
LCD display ........................................ 43
backlight inverter connector ........... 43
LED
HDD................................................ 51
power .............................................. 51
LPC bus............................................... 21
LPC interface ................................ 19, 23
LPT
cable connection.............................. 93
LPT cable ............................................ 92
LPT connection................................... 92
LVDS ........................................ 164, 165
LVDS connector.................................... 4
LVDS display...................................... 84
voltage select................................... 84
LVDS LCD connector......................... 56
location and pinouts ........................ 56
LVDS panel......................................... 56
18-bit ............................................... 56
dual channel .................................... 56
PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
single channel.................................. 56
LVDS voltage selection jumper .......... 84
location............................................ 84
settings ............................................ 84
M
Matrix Storage Manager ................... 223
memory module installation ............... 78
memory support .................................. 13
mouse .................................................. 55
N
northbridge chipset.............................. 12
P
parallel port
cable connection.............................. 93
parallel port ......................... 24, 121, 122
parallel port cable................................ 92
parallel port connection....................... 92
parallel port connector ........................ 58
location and pinouts ........................ 58
parallel port connector .......................... 4
PCI interface ....................................... 19
peripheral connectors .......................... 41
peripheral device cables...................... 86
power button ....................................... 51
Power Button Mode .......................... 132
power LED.......................................... 51
power supply....................................... 41
ATX power supply .......................... 41
processors.............................................11
PS/2 cable............................................ 55
R
RAID................................................... 59
real time clock..................................... 20
reset button.......................................... 51
RJ-45 connection ................................ 99
single connector .............................. 99
RJ-45 Ethernet connector................ 5, 65
RJ-45 LAN connectors ....................... 64
RS-232 .......................................... 61, 94
cable connection.............................. 94
COM 2 location and pinouts ........... 61
connector location and pinouts ....... 61
dual cable ........................................ 94
serial port devices ........................... 61
RS-232 serial port devices .................. 61
S
SATA..................................................... 2
controller ......................................... 20
SATA drive.......................................... 95
cables .............................................. 95
connection ....................................... 95
power cable ..................................... 95
SATA drive connector ..................... 4, 59
location and pinouts ........................ 59
SATA drives ........................................ 59
serial port connector........................ 4, 61
location and pinouts ........................ 61
serial ports........................................... 24
SIR interface ....................................... 54
SiS964 ............................................... 165
socket 479 CPU
cooling kit ....................................... 76
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PICOe-9452 Half-size CPU Card
cooling kit installation..................... 76
installation....................................... 73
Super I/O chipset........................... 21, 23
S-video
S-video cable connection .............. 100
S-video .............................................. 100
S-video cable connection .................. 100
system voltages ................................. 122
T
technical specifications ......................... 5
temperature ....................................... 122
U
unpacking............................................ 32
unpacking checklist......................... 33
unpacking precautions .................... 32
USB................. 62, 63, 97, 138, 139, 140
cable
dual port ...................................... 97
cable ................................................ 97
cable connection.............................. 98
connectors ....................................... 97
controller ......................................... 21
devices............................................. 62
external USB device connection... 101
Page 242
port .................................................. 62
USB 1.1........................................... 62
USB 2.0........................................... 62
USB 1.1............................................... 62
USB 2.0....................................... 62, 140
USB 2.0 port ....................................... 66
USB cable
dual port .......................................... 97
USB connector, internal.................. 4, 62
location and pinouts ........................ 62
USB device connection..................... 101
single connector ............................ 101
V
VGA.................................................. 102
VGA connector ......................... 5, 64, 67
VGA monitor .................................... 102
connection ..................................... 102
W
warranty validation ............................. 72
Y
Y-cable ................................................ 55
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