Operator`s Manual
Operator’s Manual
RNL Insertion Style Flow Meter
RWL Wafer Style Flow Meter
RUN
PROGRAM
RELAY 1
RELAY 2
RUN
PROGRAM
RELAY 1
RELAY 2
WARNING
TAMPERING
WITH COVER
WILL VOID
WARRANTY
CONTENTS MAY BE
UNDER PRESSURE
Racine Federated Inc.
8635 Washington Avenue
Racine, WI 53406-3738 USA
Racine is a trademark of Racine Federated Inc.
Tel: 262-639-6770
RV-1004
Toll Free: 888-572-2463
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................................. 1
SPECIFICATIONS................................................................................................................................ 2
INSTALLATION..................................................................................................................................... 2
Mechanical Installation................................................................................................................... 2
Installation Location........................................................................................................................ 2
Flow Meter Installation.................................................................................................................... 7
Electrical Installation....................................................................................................................... 8
Flow Meter Wiring........................................................................................................................... 8
Pulse Output Line........................................................................................................................... 9
Cable Installation............................................................................................................................ 9
±4-20 mA Terminals........................................................................................................................ 9
OPERATING THE MONITOR..............................................................................................................11
Basic Flow Programming...............................................................................................................11
Entering Programming Mode.................................................................................................. 12
ID Unit..................................................................................................................................... 12
Pipe ID.................................................................................................................................... 12
Display Function..................................................................................................................... 12
Rate Unit................................................................................................................................. 12
Rate Interval........................................................................................................................... 13
Totalizer Unit........................................................................................................................... 13
ADDITIONAL SCALING PARAMETERS............................................................................................ 13
Specific Gravity....................................................................................................................... 13
Low Flow Cutoff...................................................................................................................... 13
Damping................................................................................................................................. 13
Set 4 mA................................................................................................................................. 13
Set 20 mA............................................................................................................................... 13
20 mA Calibration................................................................................................................... 14
4 mA Adjust....................................................................................................................... 14
20 mA Adjust..................................................................................................................... 14
4-20 mA Test........................................................................................................................... 14
Password................................................................................................................................ 14
Advanced Setup..................................................................................................................... 14
Scale Factor...................................................................................................................... 15
Totalizer Pulse................................................................................................................... 15
Linearization...................................................................................................................... 15
Totalizer Functions.................................................................................................................. 16
TROUBLESHOOTING....................................................................................................................... 20
Preliminary Checks....................................................................................................................... 20
INSERTION DEPTH CALCULATION................................................................................................. 22
WARRANTY STATEMENT................................................................................................................. 30
LIST OF TABLES
TABLE
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
TITLE
PAGE
Specifications.................................................................................................................................. 3
Flow Ranges................................................................................................................................... 4
Minimum Piping Requirements Line Resistance for AWG Wire Gages.......................................... 8
Line Resistance for AWG Wire Gages............................................................................................ 9
Exponent Multipliers..................................................................................................................... 13
Maximum Fluid Velocity VS Insertion Depth................................................................................. 22
Flow Profile (Raw Data)................................................................................................................ 23
Flow Profile (Normalized Data)..................................................................................................... 23
Pipe Data...................................................................................................................................... 25
FIGURE
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
LIST OF FIGURES
TITLE
PAGE
Back Pressure Calculation........................................................................................................... 4
Outline Dimensions for RWL Series Flow Meters........................................................................ 5
Outline Dimensions for RNL Series Flow Meters........................................................................ 6
Internal Alignment of RWL Series Flow meters........................................................................... 7
Flow meter Terminal Functions.................................................................................................... 8
Load Resistance vs. Supply Voltage........................................................................................... 9
Basic Hookups........................................................................................................................... 10
Receiver and Power Supply Combined Hookups...................................................................... 10
Separate Receivers and Power Supply Hookups.......................................................................11
4-20 mA Adjustment Setup........................................................................................................ 14
Programming Flow Chart........................................................................................................... 17
APPENDIXES
APPENDIX
TITLE
PAGE
A
ADDITIONAL INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS .................................................................... 18
Introduction ............................................................................................................................ 18
Turbulence ............................................................................................................................. 18
Swirl ....................................................................................................................................... 18
Sonic Noise . .......................................................................................................................... 19
Velocity Profile ....................................................................................................................... 19
Straight-Run Piping Considerations . ..................................................................................... 19
Temperature & Pressure Tap Locations . ............................................................................... 20
Sensor Installation ................................................................................................................. 20
Insertion Style Sensor Installations . ...................................................................................... 20
Hot Tap Insertion Flow meter Installation . ............................................................................. 21
Insertion Depth Calculation . .................................................................................................. 22
Flow Profiling ......................................................................................................................... 23
Reducing the Pipe Diameter . ................................................................................................ 23
Figure A1
Figure A2
Figure A3
Figure A4
Figure A5
Figure A6
Turbulence..................................................................................................................... 18
Swirl............................................................................................................................... 18
Sonic Noise.................................................................................................................... 19
Hot Tap Installation........................................................................................................ 21
Insertion Depth Example................................................................................................ 22
Pipe Reduction............................................................................................................... 24
INTRODUCTION
The RxL series flow meters are designed to provide accurate and repeatable liquid flow measurement in designated engineering units. The flow meters employ a patented ultrasonic technique to
measure a form of turbulence created in the flow stream. This turbulence, know as Von Karman
Vortex Street, is related to the volumetric flow through the pipe.
The flow meters primary output is a 4-20 milliampere (mA) current source whose current output is
proportional to the flow. The secondary output is a pulse train whose frequency is directly proportional to the flow.
Each RxL series flow meter is calibrated against flow standards traceable to NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology).
The RWL series flow meters are for pipe inside diameters of 1, 1½, 2 and 3 inches.
The RNL Flow meter is an insertion style retractable flow meter that is installed through a 2” full
port isolation valve, which permits the unit to be retracted or inserted manually without shutting
down the system.
These flow meters are calibrated in actual volumetric flow rates, such as gallons per minute
(GPM).
Page 1
INSTALLATION
Mechanical Installation
The flow meter has been shipped completely assembled, tested and ready to install and operate
in its permanent location. See Figures 2 and 3 for the applicable outline dimensions for the flow
meter.
Installation Location
The RxL series flow meters use a combination of ultrasonic and vortex shedding technologies
to measure volumetric flow. An ultrasonic noise can interfere with this technique, therefore high
intensity ultrasonic noise sources should not be located upstream or downstream from the sensor.
Common ultrasonic noise sources include the following:
1. Slightly open valves operating with large pressure drops.
2. Small pipe leaks in high pressure systems.
3. Venturis operating at near-sonic flow rates.
4. Sonic nozzles.
If these ultrasonic noise sources cannot be eliminated, the meter should be mounted with at least
one elbow between the flow meter and the noise source.
The sensor should be installed with at least 20 pipe diameters of straight pipe upstream and 10
pipe diameters downstream. This condition provides a fully developed, symmetrical flow profile
that is necessary to obtain accurate and repeatable results. Shorter upstream/downstream piping
may be used, although a shift in calibration may occur. If severe turbulence or distorted flow profiles are present, flow straighteners should be used.
Consult Racine Federated for shorter upstream/downstream configurations. See Appendix for additional installation information.
When installing the flow meter in a newly constructed process line, a strainer should be installed
upstream of the meter to prevent foreign material from damaging the strut or obstructing the flow.
Excessive damage to the strut could affect the accuracy of the meter.
In order to prevent cavitation, it is important that the required back pressure be maintained. The
minimum required back pressure varies with temperature. See the back pressure calculations
in Figure 1. The sensor should be installed using the minimum piping requirements indicated in
Table 2.
Page 2
TABLE 1 - SPECIFICATIONS
MEASURED
Liquid in pipe from ½” (13 mm) diameter
FLOW RATE MEASURED
For RNL Series 2 to 16 FPS (0.61 to 4.9 MPS)
For RWL Series 2 to 20 FPS (0.61 to 6.1 MPS)
see applicable FLOW RANGE charts
PROCESS TEMPERATURE
For RNL Series
For RWL Series
Maximum 250 °F (121 °C)
-20 °F to 300 °F (-29 °C to 148 °C)
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
LIMITS
For RNL Series
For RWL Series
-20 °F to 110 °F (-29 °C to 43 °C)
-20 °F to 150 °F (-29 °C to 66 °C)
PROCESS PRESSURE
For RNL Series
For RWL Series
Up to 250 PSIG (17 BARg)
Maximum @ 100 °F: 300 PSIG (20 BARg)
Maximum @ 300 °F: 200 PSIG (14 BARg)
MINIMUM BACK PRESSURE
See Figure A - BACK PRESSURE CALCULATIONS
MAXIMUM VISCOSITY
10 centistokes
ACCURACY
For RNL Series
For RWL Series
REPEATABILITY
±0.5% of reading
RESPONSE TIME
1 second
INPUT POWER
4-20 mA Loop Powered
+10 to +30 VDC , 25 mA max
DISPLAY
8 digit, .75” high numeric display
8 character, .38” high alphanumeric
ANALOG OUTPUT
4-20 mA Current loop
Resolution
1:4000
Transient Overvoltage: Category 3, in accordance with IEC 664
PULSE OUTPUT
Outputs one pulse for each increment of the least significant digit of totalizer
Pulse Type:
Opto-Isolated open collector transistor
Max. Voltage:
30 VDC
Pulse Width ON State:
20 ms / Max pulse rate 25 Hz
Current (ON State):
0.9 V drop @ 5.0 mA
or 0.7 V drop @ 0.1 mA
CONSTRUCTION
For RNL Series NEMA 4 rated electronics housing
Stainless steel w/PPS transducer assembly
Standard: 2” ANSI 150 lb flange
Optional: 300 lb flange or
¾ NPT x 2 NPT Bushings
For RWL Series NEMA 4 rated electronics housing
Flange Compatibility ANSI 150, 300, 600 lb flanges
DN 25 - 40 - 50, 80 flanges
ENVIRONMENTAL
Operating Temperature: -22 °F (-30 °C) to 158 °F (70 °C)
Humidity:
0-90% Non-condensing
Page 3
±2.0% of reading
±1.0% of reading
TABLE 2 - FLOW RANGES
NOMINAL
SIZE
INCH (mm)
GALLONS PER MINUTE (GPM)
Minimum Flow
4.0 (100)
6.0 (152)
8.0 (203)
10.0 (254)
12.0 (305)
14.0 (356)
16.0 (406)
18.0 (457)
20.0 (508)
1.0 (25)
1.5 (40)
2.0 (50)
3.0 (80)
Maximum Flow
LITERS PER MINUTE (LPM)
Minimum Flow
Maximum Flow
79
180
312
492
698
843
1,102
1,394
1,733
RNL Series
635
1441
2,495
3,933
5,582
6,746
8,813
11,155
13,864
300
682
1,181
1,861
2,641
3,192
4,170
5,278
6,560
2,403
5,454
9,444
14,886
21,130
25,537
33,360
42,226
52,481
3.7
9.3
15
37
RWL Series
38
93
150
370
14
35
57
140
142
350
568
1,402
BASED ON WATER AT 1 CENTISTOKE AT 73 °F, SCHEDULE 40 PIPE 1 TO 20 FPS (0.3 TO 6 MPS)
FOR REFERENCE ONLY, CONSULT RACINE FEDERATED SIZING PROGRAM FOR TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE CONDITIONS
OTHER THAN THOSE LISTED HERE
Back Pressure Calculations
At high flow rates, cavitation may occur, causing a flow meter to be inaccurate. Cavitation can be
prevented by increasing the back pressure. The following equation determines the minimum back
pressure required to prevent cavitation:
P1 = PVP + 0.03 V²
where: P1 =
PVP =
V =
line pressure at the meter PSIA
vapor pressure of the liquid PSIA
line velocity FPS
EXAMPLE: In water at 65 °F flowing with a speed of 25 fps, the vapor pressure is 0.3 PSIA.
P1 = 0.3 + 0.03 (25)2 = 19.05 PSIA
If atmospheric pressure is 14.69 PSIA,:
Then P1 = 19.05 PSIA - 14.69 PSIA = 4.36 PSIG
Maintaining a back pressure of 5 PSIG or greater will prevent cavitation.
FIGURE 1 - BACK PRESSURE CALCULATIONS
Page 4
3.93"
5.75"
RUN
PROGRAM
RELAY 1
RELAY 2
7.00"
Raised Surface
C Dia Both Sides
D +.12
-.00
WARNING
TAMPERING
WITH COVER
WILL VOID
WARRANTY
Flow
CONTENTS MAY BE
UNDER PRESSURE
A Dia
.06
E
.06
B Dia
MODEL
NOMINAL
SIZE
A
B
C
D
RWL10
RWL15
RWL20
RWL30
1.00 (25)
1.50 (38)
2.00 (51)
3.00 (76)
0.88 (22)
1.38 (35)
1.75 (45)
2.75 (70)
2.62 (67)
3.37 (86)
4.00 (102)
5.00 (127)
2.62 (67)
3.37 (86)
4.00 (102)
5.00 (127)
7.34 (186)
7.71 (196)
8.03 (204)
8.53(217)
All dimensions are in inches (mm)
FIGURE 2 - Outline Dimensions for RWL Series Flow meters
Page 5
E
2.12 (54)
2.38 (61)
RUN
PROGRAM
RELAY 1
RELAY 2
3.93"
5.75"
RUN
PROGRAM
RELAY 1
RELAY 2
7.00"
C Maximum
Retracted
9.75" Maximum
at Maximum
Insertion
.75"
4.00" Maximum
Retracted
A
B Maximum
Insertion
4.50"
Maximum
A
12.00 (305)
24.00 (610)
36.00 (914)
Flow
B
13.125 (333)
25.125 (638)
37.125 (943)
C
18.83 (478)
30.83 (783)
42.83 (1088)
All dimensions are in inches (mm)
FIGURE 3 - Outline Dimensions for RNL Series Flow meters
Page 6
Flow meter Installation
RWL Series Flow meters
The RWL Series Flow meters are designed to mount between two ANSI flanges using the appropriate bolts. The flow meter should be mounted so its inside diameter is centered inside the pipe
(See Figure 4). The labeling of the flow direction on the flow meter should be aligned with the flow
in the pipe
Note: Gaskets (not provided) are necessary between the ANSI flanges. Insure that these gaskets are properly
installed and do not protrude into the flow stream.
CAUTION: Avoid bending the vortex strut or damaging the transducers during installation. Do not remove cover plates while unit is operating
Note: See Appendix A for additional installation information.
CORRECT
(Meter Centered In Pipe)
INCORRECT
(Meter Not Centered In Pipe)
Flow
Flow
FIGURE 4 - Internal Alignment of RWL Series Flow meters
RNL Series Flow metes
The RNL Series flow meters are designed to mount on a standard ANSI 150 lb., 2” pipe flange. It
is recommended that the customer conduct a flow profile survey and place the probe at the optimum point. The labeling of the flow direction on the sensor should be aligned with the flow in the
pipe. Maximum insertion depth is a product of pipe size and fluid velocity, see Appendix Table 6
for Insertion Depth Chart.
CAUTION: Avoid bending the vortex strut or damaging the transducers during installation. The torque value for the Conax fitting is 90-100 ft. lbs.
Note: See Appendix A for further information on installation.
Page 7
Table 3 - Minimum Piping Requirements
Upstream Obstruction
90° Elbow
Two 90° Elbows, Same Plane
Two 90° Elbows, Different Planes
Flow Straightener
(recommended when ever an axial swirl exists in the flow stream)
Fully Open Shut-off Valve
Downstream Obstruction
Control Valve
Page 8
Minimum Required
Straight-run Pipe Diameters Upstream from Meter
10
15
20
10
5
Minimum Required
Straight-run Pipe Diameters Downstream from
Meter
5
Electrical Installation
TP1
TP2
TP3
Black
White
Green
Label Denoting
Receiving
Transducer Cable
Green
Black
White
TRANSDUCER
CONNECTIONS
XMIT
RECV
4-20
Pulse
PULSE
OUTPUT
R
LOOP POWER
CONNECTIONS
FIGURE 5 - Flow meter Terminal Functions
RWL and RNL Series Flow Meters
Electrical connections for the flow meter are made using screw-type terminals located inside the
electronics enclosure. To expose these terminals, open the cover. The functions of these terminals
are illustrated in Figure 5.
Flow Meter Wiring
A two conductor cable of 16 to 24 AWG solid or stranded wire is required to make connections to
the flow meter. It is recommended that a shielded interconnecting cable be used. The maximum
cable length for the power depends on the supply voltage lines required to drive the flow meter
and the current meter being used to monitor the current output of the flow meter. The maximum
length of the cable is determined by using Figure 6 to calculate the maximum load (resistance
in Ohms) that can be driven using the known power supply voltage. In determining this value the
voltage drop across the meter being used to monitor the current output of the flow meter must be
considered. After this value has been found, Table 4 can be used to calculate the resistance in the
cable being used and adjust the input voltage as required.
Page 9
0.00420 Ohm/Ft
0.00651 Ohm/Ft
0.01035 Ohm/Ft
0.01310 Ohm/Ft
0.02620 Ohm/Ft
Vloop - 6V
20 mA
=
=
=
=
=
Rt MAX =
16 AWG
18 AWG
20 AWG
22 AWG
24 AWG
Rt MAX (W)
TABLE 4 - Line Resistance
for Current Lines
Ohms/Ft Related to Wire Size (AWG)
1300
1200
1100
1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
10
15
20
25
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (30 VDC MAX)
FIGURE 6 - Load Resistance
vs. Supply Voltage
Pulse Output
The pulse output is a secondary output and is not
intended for long transmission. The load on the line must be 50 KΩ minimum and 1,000 picofarads (pf) maximum.
The maximum length of shielded cable that can be attached to this output is 100 feet.
Cable Installation
To install the cable in the flow meter, route the cable through the cable gland located on the electronics enclosure.
The wiring of the other end of the cable will vary depending on the specific installation requirements. Figures 7,8, and 9 show the wiring diagram for variations of flow meter installation.
The flow meter’s 4 position terminal strip provides all the connections needed to operate the flow
meter.
+ 4-20 mA Terminals
The + 4-20 mA terminals are used for the flow meter’s power supply. This power supply should
be 10 to 30 VDC and be capable of supplying 25 mA to the flow meter. Because this meter has a
built-in display no additional wiring is necessary for basic operation (See Figure 7).
Page 10
30
Pulse
4-20
-
+
XMIT
RECV
2 CONDUCTOR
SHIELDED CABLE
10-30 VDC
POWER SUPPLY
+
CURRENT OUTPUT 2 WIRE HOOKUP
STAND ALONE POWER SUPPLY
4-20
Pulse
FIGURE 7 - examples of rNl and RWL flow meter hookups
Loop power, basic configuration
RECV
+
XMIT
-
2 CONDUCTOR
SHIELDED CABLE
+
4-20 mA
RECEIVER
CURRENT OUTPUT 2 WIRE HOOKUP
RECEIVER AND POWER SUPPLY COMBINED
FIGURE 8 - examples of rNl and RWL flow meter hookup
Loop power, Receiver combined with power supply
If the current loop is used to transmit data the receiving device may also be the current source for
the instrument (See Figure 8).
Finally the device used to measure the current can be installed in series with the return line as
illustrated in Figure 9. This output is a standard 4 to 20 mA output, where 4 mA corresponds to no
flow and 20 mA indicates 100% (full scale) flow.
Page 11
4-20
Pulse
4-20 mA
RECEIVER
-
RECV
+
XMIT
+
-
2 CONDUCTOR
SHIELDED CABLE
+
10-30 VDC
POWER SUPPLY
CURRENT OUTPUT 2 WIRE HOOKUP
SEPARATE RECEIVER AND POWER SUPPLY
FIGURE 9 - example of rNl Or RWL flow meter hookup
Loop power, Receiver and power supply separate.
If the pulse output function is to be used the receiving device must conform to the output parameters as described in the specifications section. Attach a cable as describe in to the Pulse output
terminal and terminate the other end of the cable at the desired location.
Operating The Monitor
The monitor has two modes of operation, referred to as the RUN mode and the PROGRAM mode.
Both the run mode and the program mode display screen enunciators confirming the state of the
monitor. A quick glance at the lower left hand corner of the LCD screen will confirm operating status. Normal operation will be in the run mode. To access the programming mode, press the MENU
key once. The programming indicator will appear signaling that the display is ready to accept programming inputs. After programming the display with the necessary information, a lock out feature
can be turned on to prevent unauthorized access or changing the meter's setup parameters.
Basic Programming Mode
Keys:
Modes:
RUN – Normal operating mode.
PROGRAM – Used to program variables into the display
MENU - Switches to PROGRAMMING mode.
Up Arrow () - Scrolls forward through the parameters choices and increments
numeric variables.
Right Arrow () - Scrolls backward through the parameters choices and moves the
active digit to the right.
ENTER - Used to save programming information, advance to the next programming
parameter, and in the reset process.
Page 12
Entering Programming Mode – Change to programming mode by pressing the MENU key once.
The mode indicator will change from RUN to PROGRAM
Select The ID Unit– At the ID UNIT prompt press the ENTER key once. The current ID (inside
diameter) unit will begin to flash. Using the arrow keys choose INCH for US measurements or MM
for metric measurements. Press ENTER once to save the meters ID Unit choice and advance to
the pipe ID selection.
Select The Pipe ID – At the ID prompt press the ENTER key once. The current meter ID (inside
diameter) will begin to flash. Using the arrow keys enter the pipe inside diameter. Press ENTER
once to save the pipe ID.
Note: Specification charts for common types of pipes can be found in the appendix of this manual.
Select The Display Function – The monitor can display RATE or TOTAL or alternate between
BOTH rate and total. At the DISPLAY prompt press the ENTER key once. The monitor now shows
the display mode currently in effect. If the current selection is correct, press the ENTER key to advance to the next parameter. To change to an alternate display mode, use the arrow keys to scroll
to the desired display mode and press ENTER to save the choice.
A TEST function is also available in the Display Function sub-menu. With the test function selected the display acts like a frequency counter and displays the raw input frequency being supplied to the frequency input terminals. The second line of the test screen shows transducer signal
strength.
Select The Rate Unit – The monitor can
display rate in any of the following units
Velocity*
If the current selection is correct, press the
ENTER key to advance to the next parameter. To change to an alternate rate unit, use
the arrow keys to scroll to the desired display
units and press ENTER to save the choice.
*- Velocity measurements not available as totalizer
units.
**- Mass units require entry of specific gravity.
Feet
Meters
VEL FEET
VEL MTRS
Volumetric
Gallons
Liters
Millions of Gallons
Cubic Feet
Million Cubic Feet
Cubic Meters
Million Cubic Meters
Acre Feet
Oil Barrels (42 GAL)
Liquid Barrels (31.5 GAL)
Mass**
Kilograms
Pounds
Page 13
GALLONS
LITERS
MGAL
CUBIC FT
M CU FT
CUBIC ME
MEGL TRS
ACRE FT
OIL BARR
LIQ BARR
KGS
LBS
Select The Rate Interval – The monitor can display rate
interval in any of the units listed at the right.
If the current selection is correct, press the ENTER key to
advance to the next parameter. To change to rate interval,
use the arrow keys to scroll to the desired interval and
press ENTER to save the choice.
Interval
Seconds
Minutes
Hours
Days
Displayed as
SEC
MIN
HOUR
DAY
Select the Totalizer Units - The flow totalizer unit is used to set the flow totalizer exponent. This
feature is useful for accommodating a very large accuTable 5 - Exponent Multipliers
mulated flow. The exponent is a x10n multiplier, where
Exponent
Display Multiplier
“n” can be from -1 (x0.1) to +6 (x1,000,000). Table 5
E-1
x 0.1
should be referenced for valid entries and their influence on the display.
E0
x 1 (no multiplier)
E1
x 10
If the current selection is correct, press the ENTER
E2
x 100
key to advance to the next parameter. To change to
E3
x 1,000
rate interval, use the arrow keys to scroll to the desired
E4
x 10,000
interval and press ENTER to save the choice.
E5
x 100,000
This completes the basic setup for the meter.
E6
x 1,000,000
Additional Scaling Parameters
Specific Gravity (SP GRAV)- The specific gravity for the fluid being measured must be entered
if mass readings are desired. The SP GRAV (specific gravity) prompt will only be displayed when
one of the mass Rate Units is chosen.
Low Flow Cutoff (FL C OFF) - The low flow cutoff is entered as a percentage between maximum
flow and minimum flow and influences how the flow meter will act at flows very near zero. Generally, an entry of 2% provides for a stable zero indication. When the flow rate drops below the
entered percentage value, the meters’s display will read zero.
Damping (DAMPING) - The damping value is increased to increase stability of the flow rate readings. Damping values are decreased to allow the flow meter to react faster to changing flow rates.
Flow 4 mA Setting (FLOW 4MA) - If the 4-20 mA analog output is to be used the flow rate that
corresponds to 4 mA must be set. If the current selection is correct, press the ENTER key once to
advance to the next parameter. If adjustment is required, use the arrow keys to input the correct
4 mA setting. The  arrow key moves the active digit one place to the right for each press of the
key. The  arrow key increments the active digit one integer for each press of the key. When the
correct 4 mA flow rate has been entered press ENTER once to store this value and move to the
next parameter.
Flow 20 mA Setting (FLOW20MA) - If the 4-20 mA analog output is to be used the flow rate that
corresponds to 20 mA must be set. If the current selection is correct, press the ENTER key once
to advance to the next parameter. If adjustment is required, use the arrow keys to input the correct
Page 14
20 mA setting. The  arrow key moves the active digit one place to the right for each press of the
key. The  arrow key increments the active digit one integer for each press of the key. When the
correct 20 mA flow rate has been entered press ENTER once to store this value and move to the
next parameter.
4-20 mA Calibration (4-20CAL?) - The 4-20 mA calibration menu allows the fine adjustment of the 4-20 mA output. The 4 mA setting is typically between 35 and 50. To set the 4 mA value, connect an ammeter in
series with the loop power supply. At the 4-20CAL? prompt press ENTER once. The display will now show a steady NO indication. Press the
 arrow key to change to a YES display. Press ENTER once to access
the 4 mA fine adjustment.
AC+DC
0
0
AutoHOLD
FAST MIN MX
HOLD
MIN MAX
LOGGING
SAVE
Hz % ms
RANGE
SETUP
YES
REL
CANCEL
NO
nS
mV
W
ac+dc
°F
°C
V
ac+dc
A
mA
mV
µA
V
A
mA
dB
dB
ac+dc
µA
OFF
While monitoring the ammeter, adjust the 20 mA
value to obtain a 20 mA reading. The  arrow
key increments the value and the  arrow key
decrements the value. When a steady 20 mA
reading is obtained on the ammeter press the
Enter key to lock in this value and move to the
next parameter.
mA
µA
A
COM
400mA
FUSED
W
V
CAT III
1000V
4-20
Pulse
10A MAX
FUSED
+
RECV
20 mA Adjustment (20MA OUT) - The 20 mA
adjustment is preformed using the same procedure as the 4 mA adjustment.
TEMPERATURE
-
10-30 VDC
POWER SUPPLY
XMIT
4 mA Adjustment (4MA OUT) - While monitoring the ammeter,
adjust the 4 mA value to obtain a 4 mA reading. The  arrow key
increments the value and the  arrow key decrements the value. When a steady 4 mA reading is obtained on the ammeter press the Enter
key to lock in this value and move to the 20 mA
adjustment.
ac+dc
VIEW MEM
CLEAR MEM
4-20 mA Test (4-20TEST)- The monitor contains a diagnostic routine that allows the simulation
of mA values between 4 and 20 to check output tracking. At the 4-20TEST prompt the arrow keys
change the simulated mA output in increments of 1 mA. The ammeter should track the simulated
mA output. If a 4-20 mA test is not necessary press MENU once to move to the next parameter.
Password (PASSWORD) - Password protection prevents unauthorized users from changing
programming information. Initially the password is set to all zeros. To change the password press
ENTER once at the password prompt. The first digit of the password value will begin to flash. Using the arrow keys as previously described enter the password value. Pressing ENTER will store
the password and exit to run mode.
Page 15
Advanced Setup (ADV STUP) - The advances setup menu allows access to entries for applying
scaling factors, enabling or disabling the pulse output, and adding linearization points.
At the ADV STUP prompt press ENTER once. The display will now show a steady NO indication.
Press the  arrow key to change to a YES display. Press ENTER once to access the first parameter.
Scale Factor (SCALE F) - At the SCALE F prompt press the ENTER key once. The current
scale factor will begin to flash. If the current selection is correct, press the ENTER key to advance to the next parameter.
The scale factor is used to force a global change to all variables. For example, under operating
conditions the display is reading a consistent 3% below the expected values at all flow rates.
Rather than changing all parameters individually the scale factor can be used to compensate
for the 3% offset. The scale factor would be set to 1.03 to correct the readings.
The range of scale factors is from 0.5 to 1.5. The default scale factor is 1.00. A scale factor is
used to correct (correlation adjustment) or change the flow value displayed on the LCD.
A correlation adjustment allows the user to “force” the display to read a flow value different
from the factory calibrated value. This procedure is only valid for an “offset” difference. In other
words the readings must be off by a constant value or percentage for the entire measurement
range.
Totalizer Pulse Output (PULS OUT) - The pulse output parameter can be either enabled or
disabled. When enabled this output generates a 20 mS duration pulse for every time the least
significant digit of the totalizer increments. The amplitude of the pulse is dependent on the voltage level of the supply connected to the pulse output and is limited to a maximum 30 VDC.
Linearization (LINEAR) - Enhanced accuracy can be obtained by linearization of the display.
The linearization routine will accept a maximum of ten points. Linearization requires additional
calibration data from the sensor to be used with the monitor. Typically calibration information is
obtained for three, five, or ten points.
Number of Points - At the LINEAR prompt press ENTER once. The first display number
will begin to flash. Again the  arrow key increments the value and the  arrow moves the
cursor between digits. Enter the number of linear points to be used. When the number of
points has been input press the ENTER key once to move to the first linear segment.
Press the ENTER key once and the first linear point's frequency input will begin to flash
FREQ 1. Enter the frequency for the first linear point using the arrow keys. When the frequency value input is completed, press ENTER once again to change to the coefficient
value for the first linear point.
At the COEFF 1 prompt enter the coefficient that corresponds to the frequency value previously entered. Press ENTER once to move to the next scaling point.
Continue entering pairs of frequency and coefficient points until all data has been entered.
Page 16
Totalizer Functions
Reset Total - To reset the monitor total display, in run mode press MENU and ENTER simultaneously until TOTAL RST starts to flash. The TOTAL RST will stop flashing and the display will
return to run mode at the conclusion of the reset procedure.
Store Total - The current total can be manually stored in the monitors flash memory. Press and
hold the ENTER key for 2 seconds. The display will respond with a flashing TOTALSVD and then
start a display test. At the end of the test the instrument will return to run mode.
Automatic Store Total - The monitor is equipped with a store total feature that works automatically saving the current total to flash memory once every ten minutes.
TROUBLESHOOTING
The RxL series flow meters are designed to ensure long term accuracy and reliability. The material used for construction and self-cleaning strut are specifically designed to withstand the rigors of
industrial environments.
As a result, periodic adjustments or re-calibration is not required. The following section is intended
as a guide to eliminating common problems found with the installation of the flow meters. Technical assistance is also available directly from Racine Federated, who also provides complete recalibration and repair service for the RxL series flow meter at nominal cost.
Preliminary Checks
The troubleshooting guide of the next section can be used to help locate problems associated with
the RxL series flow meter. Before using this guide, the following checks should be made:
1) Is the flow meter cable installed correctly?
2) Is the proper power supplied to the correct terminals?
3) Is the flow meter installed with the flow direction arrow aligned with flow in the pipe?
4) For insertion style flow meters has the sensor head been inserted to the optimum depth?
Page 17
Figure 11 - PROGRAMMING FLOW CHART
Page 18
OR
For mm
Note: Only available when either
KGS or LBS are Selected
For INCHES
See Note
Not Available as
Totalizer Units
APPENDIX A - ADDITIONAL INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS
Introduction
Installing a flow meter is something which requires careful consideration. It cannot just be placed in a line somewhere and be expected to
fulfill its purpose adequately. The geometry and condition of the pipe
runs in the area of the installation must be considered to ensure the
best and most accurate operation of the flow-meter. This appendix
provides suggestions for optimum installations.
Most flow meter manufacturers define installation
conditions in terms of upstream and downstream
straight pipe lengths from the point of installation.
Unfortunately this is not the only requirement, and
one needs to consider other peripheral conditions,
such as proximity and style of bends, and other
equipment installed in the line. By doing this, problems of turbulence, swirl, and sonic noise may be
avoided.
RUN
PROGRAM
RELAY 1
RELAY 2
WARNING
TAMPERING
WITH COVER
WILL VOID
WARRANTY
CONTENTS MAY BE
UNDER PRESSURE
Figure - A1
Turbulence
Turbulence is a disturbance of the flow caused by bends and obstructions in the flow stream (it is
this phenomenon which makes the vortex flow meter work). Fortunately turbulence dies out fairly
quickly, so by positioning the flow meter well away from bends and obstructions this potential
problem of measuring flow in turbulent conditions is overcome (See Figure A1).
Swirl
Unlike turbulence, swirl will not die away. Once created it will continue until dissipated on the
next pipe bend in the system. Swirl occurs after two bends, in close
proximity, which are at an angle to each other. When designing an installation, keep the flow meter out of
any line which has two adjacent bends
upstream. (See Figure A2).
Figure - A2
Page 19
Sonic Noise
Sonic noise is created by valves (either flow control
or pressure control valves) which are slightly
open. Like swirl, sonic noise will only
dissipate on a bend so it is important to
install flow meters out of line of sight of
valves. Sonic noise is caused by liquid obtaining sonic velocities through a
slightly open valve which has a pressure
Figure A3
difference across it. This noise travels
both up and down stream from the valve therefore the flow meter must be installed well away from
the valve, preferably around a bend (See Figure - A3).
Velocity Profile for RNL Insertion Meters
When using an RNL series insertion flow meter, it is necessary to consider the effects of the velocity profile across the pipe or duct to optimize accuracy.
In large pipes, the flow moves slowly at the pipe walls but is at maximum velocity in the center of
the pipe creating a continuously variable velocity across the pipe. This velocity variation is called
the velocity profile of the pipe, and can be measured and plotted by using the insertion flow meter
to measure velocities at various noted positions across the pipe. As the maximum velocity is in the
center of the pipe, it follows that if the flow meter is positioned in the center, it will not measure average flow. The “rule of thumb” position is 25% of the pipe ID into the pipe, but the optimum position can only be obtained by measuring the profile and working out the correct position from that.
Straight-Run Piping Considerations
The sensor should be installed with 20 diameters, or more, of straight, unobstructed, full area pipe
upstream of the flow meter installation and 10 diameters, or more, downstream. This condition
provides a fully developed, symmetrical flow profile that is necessary to obtain accurate and repeatable results. The first obstruction up and downstream should be a full area elbow. If the minimum straight run is not possible, the general rule is to have 80% of the straight run upstream and
20% downstream from the flow meter installation.
High intensity ultrasonic noises should not be located upstream or downstream from the sensor.
Common ultrasonic noise sources include the following:
● Slightly cracked valves operating with large pressure drops.
● Small pipe leaks in high pressure systems.
● Venturies operating at near-sonic flow rates.
● Sonic nozzles.
If these ultrasonic noise sources cannot be eliminated, the meter should be mounted with at least
one elbow between the flow meter and the noise source.
Page 20
Temperature and Pressure Tap Locations
User supplied pressure and temperature sensors should be mounted downstream from the flow
meter. The pressure sensor should be approximately 3-5 pipe diameters and the temperature sensor approximately 4-8 pipe diameters downstream.
Sensor Installation
The flow meter is shipped completely assembled, tested and ready to install and operate in its
permanent location. The RWL wafer style flow meters are designed to mount between two ANSI
flanges. The flow meter should be mounted so its inside diameter is centered inside the pipe. The
labeling of the flow direction of the flow meter should be aligned with the flow in the pipe. Gaskets
(not provided) are necessary between the sensor and the ANSI flanges. Insure that these gaskets
are properly installed and do not protrude into the flow stream.
RNL Insertion Style Meter Installation
The RNL series flow meter is shipped completely assembled, tested and ready to install and operate in its permanent location.
If the main line can be depressurized easily without undue user inconvenience, then a simple
installation, consisting of a 2” (51 mm) nozzle and a standard ANSI 150 lb, 2” pipe flange may be
used. This permits the shortest shaft length to be used, which keeps clearance space requirements for insertion and removal to a minimum. Gaskets (not provided) are necessary between the
sensor and ANSI flange. It is recommended that the customer conduct a flow profile survey prior
to installing flow meter.
DANGER - Caution should be used when inserting or retracting at pressures exceeding
60 PSIG (4.14 BARg).
Page 21
Hot Tap Insertion Flow Meter Installation
Where de-pressurizing the line for flow meter maintenance is impossible or undesirable, the “hot
tap” method of installation is used. This method involves inserting the flow meter through a 2”
(50.76 mm) spool piece and a 2” (50.76 mm) full port valve and will require a longer shaft length
as well as greater clearance space for removal and installation.
DANGER - Caution should be used when inserting or retracting at pressures exceeding
60 PSIG (4.14 BARg).
Figure A4 shows a sample hot tap installation. With
the exception of the spool piece, which must be a
minimum of 6 inches (152 mm) in length, all of the
dimensions are suggestions only. Actual dimensions
may vary depending on customer’s own hot tap configuration.
To calculate the insertion flow meter stem length for
the installation, it will require:
RUN
PROGRAM
RELAY 1
RELAY 2
5.75"
Determined
By Stem
Length
10.75" Maximum
at Maximum
Insertion
For pipe diameters less than 24” (609 mm):
Calculate the distance from the center line of the
pipe to the top of the flow meter mounting flange.
For pipe diameters greater than 24” (609 mm):
Calculate the distance from the top of the flow meter flange to a point ¼ of the pipe diameter.
RUN
PROGRAM
RELAY 1
RELAY 2
7.00"
Standard ANSI
2 Inch 150 Lb. Flange
4.50" Maximum
Retracted
Spool Piece
4.00" Minimum
Where a flow profile is desirable, calculate the distance from the bottom of the pipe to the top of the flow
meter mounting flange and subtract 2” (50.76 mm).
Round this distance up to the next largest 12” (305
mm) increment. This is the stem length that should be
ordered.
Determined
By Stem
Length
2" Full Port
Valve
DANGER - Caution should be used when
inserting or retracting at pressures exceeding 60 PSIG (4.14 BARg).
4.50"
Maximum
Flow
Figure A4
Page 22
L1 = Distance from bottom of flow meter flange to center
of vortex strut.
RUN
PROGRAM
RELAY 1
RELAY 2
L2 = Distance from bottom of flow meter flange to top
inside wall of pipe
1) Find the appropriate L1 distance for your application in the first column.
2) Once the L1 distance is identified, move across
the row until the appropriate L2 distance is located for the application. The resulting number
is the maximum fluid velocity.
L2
L1
EXAMPLE: L1 length = 24, and L2 length = 12.
The resulting maximum fluid velocity is 13
ft/sec.
Flow
Figure A5
Table A1 - INSERTION DEPTH
Maximum Fluid Velocity (ft/sec)
L1
Inches
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
L2 (INCHES)
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
26
22
20
18
16
15
13
13
12
11
10
10
9
9
28
24
21
18
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
10
9
9
25
22
19
17
15
14
13
12
11
11
10
10
9
24
20
18
16
15
13
12
12
11
10
10
9
22
19
17
15
14
13
12
11
10
10
9
21
18
16
15
13
12
11
11
10
9
20
17
15
14
13
12
11
10
10
19
16
15
13
12
11
11
10
18
16
14
13
12
11
10
17
15
14
12
11
11
17
15
13
12
11
16
14
13
12
15
14
12
Operating at velocities higher than the values listed in the table may result in bending the stem of the insertion meter.
Page 23
Flow Profiling
If the purchased flow meter is long enough to be inserted to the far side of the pipe, the flow
through the pipe may be profiled at various flow rates. The goal is to find a point in the pipe that
remains a consistent percentage of the average flow rate over a wide range of flow. A sample flow
profile is shown in Table 7. In this example, the flow rate of a 48 inch pipe is measured every six
inches across the diameter of the pipe beginning and ending 3 inches from the near and far sides
of the pipe. The distance in inches from the nearside of the pipe is shown. Measurements are
taken at a low, medium and high average flow. In Table 8 the flow rate at each measurement point
has been converted to a percentage of the average flow. It can be seen that point number three
(15 inches from the near side of the pipe) reads a consistent 102 percent of the average flow. The
meter should be placed in this position and the output should be divided by 1.02 to obtain the correct reading. Flow profiling should be done for all insertion meter installations.
Reducing the Pipe Diameter
To decrease the variation of flow profile, the piping can be narrowed at the flow meter as shown
in Figure A6. This will smooth the flow and increase the effectiveness of flow profiling. Nearly any
angle can be used on the down-stream side of the meter to restore the original pipe diameter.
However, if the angle of piping is seven degrees or less, nearly all the pressure drop caused by
the narrow pipe section will be recovered.
TABLE 7 - Flow Profile (Raw Data)
FLOW
FLOW RATE AT MEASUREMENT POINT (F/S)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
AVERAGE (ft/s)
LOW FLOW
1.90 2.00 2.04 2.06 2.06 2.04 2.00 1.90
MEDIUM FLOW 5.58 5.91 6.12 6.21 6.24 6.18 6.06 5.70
HIGH FLOW
10.92 11.70 12.24 12.48 12.60 12.48 12.18 11.40
DISTANCE
3
9
15
21
27
33
39
45
2.0
6.0
12.0
INCHES
TABLE 8 - Flow Profile (Normalized Data)
FLOW
FLOW RATE AT MEASUREMENT POINT (%)
1
LOW FLOW
95.0
MEDIUM FLOW 93.0
HIGH FLOW
91.0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
100.0 102.0 103.0 103.0 102.0 100.0 95.0
98.5 102.0 103.5 104.0 103.0 101.0 95.0
97.5 102.0 104.0 105.0 104.0 101.5 95.0
Page 24
Page 25
Outside
Diameter
1.315
1.660
1.900
2.375
2.875
3.500
4.000
4.500
5.563
6.625
8.625
10.75
12.75
14.00
16.00
18.00
20.00
24.00
30.00
36.00
42.00
48.00
Nominal
Pipe Size
Inches
1
1.25
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
24
30
36
42
48
12.42
3.834
4.334
5.345
6.407
8.407
10.482
ID
1.185
1.53
1.77
2.245
2.709
3.334
0.165
0.083
0.083
0.109
0.109
0.109
0.134
Wall
0.065
0.065
0.065
0.065
0.083
0.083
SCH 5
29.37
35.37
12.39
13.50
15.50
17.50
19.50
23.50
3.760
4.260
5.295
6.357
8.329
10.42
0.315
0.315
0.180
0.250
0.250
0.250
0.250
0.250
0.120
0.120
0.134
0.134
0.148
0.165
SCH 10
(Lt Wall)
ID
Wall
1.097
0.109
1.442
0.109
1.682
0.109
2.157
0.109
2.635
0.120
3.260
0.120
29.00
35.00
12.25
13.37
15.37
17.37
19.25
23.25
8.125
10.25
ID
0.500
0.500
0.250
0.315
0.315
0.315
0.375
0.375
0.250
0.250
Wall
SCH 20
29.00
35.00
12.09
13.25
15.25
17.12
19.25
23.25
8.071
10.13
ID
0.500
0.500
0.330
0.375
0.375
0.440
0.375
0.375
0.277
0.310
Wall
SCH 30
“STEEL, STAINLESS STEEL, P.V.C. PIPE”
STANDARD CLASSES
29.25
35.25
41.25
47.25
12.00
13.25
15.25
17.25
19.25
23.25
3.548
4.026
5.047
6.065
7.981
10.02
ID
1.049
1.380
1.610
2.067
2.469
3.068
Wall
0.375
0.375
0.375
0.375
0.375
0.375
0.375
0.375
0.375
0.375
0.237
0.258
0.280
0.322
0.365
STD
29.25
35.25
41.25
47.25
11.938
13.124
15.000
16.876
18.814
22.626
3.548
4.026
5.047
6.065
7.981
10.02
ID
1.049
1.380
1.610
2.067
2.469
3.068
0.375
0.375
0.375
0.375
0.406
0.438
0.500
0.562
0.593
0.687
0.226
0.237
0.258
0.280
0.322
0.365
Wall
0.133
0.140
0.145
0.154
0.203
0.216
SCH 40
Page 26
Outside
Diameter
1.315
1.660
1.900
2.375
2.875
3.500
4.000
4.500
5.563
6.625
8.625
10.75
12.75
14.00
16.00
18.00
20.00
24.00
30.00
36.00
42.00
48.00
Nominal
Pipe Size
Inches
1
1.25
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
24
30
36
42
48
11.626
12.814
14.688
16.564
18.376
22.126
7.813
9.750
ID
0.562
0.593
0.656
0.718
0.812
0.937
0.406
0.500
Wall
SCH 60
29.00
35.00
41.00
47.00
11.75
13.00
15.00
17.00
19.00
23.00
3.364
3.826
4.813
5.761
7.625
9.75
ID
0.957
1.278
1.500
1.939
2.323
2.900
0.500
0.500
0.500
0.500
0.500
0.500
0.500
0.500
0.500
0.500
0.318
0.337
0.375
0.432
0.500
0.500
Wall
0.179
0.191
0.200
0.218
0.276
0.300
X STG.
11.37
12.50
14.31
16.12
17.93
21.56
3.364
3.826
4.813
5.761
7.625
9.562
ID
0.957
1.278
1.500
1.939
2.323
2.900
0.690
0.750
0.845
0.940
1.035
1.220
0.318
0.337
0.375
0.432
0.500
0.594
Wall
0.179
0.191
0.200
0.218
0.276
0.300
SCH 80
11.06
12.31
13.93
15.68
17.43
20.93
7.437
9.312
ID
0.845
0.845
1.035
1.160
1.285
1.535
0.594
0.719
Wall
SCH 100
“STEEL, STAINLESS STEEL, P.V.C. PIPE”
STANDARD CLASSES
10.75
11.81
13.56
15.25
17.00
20.93
3.624
4.563
5.501
7.178
9.062
ID
1.000
1.095
1.220
1.375
1.500
1.535
0.438
0.500
0.562
0.719
0.844
Wall
SCH 120/140
10.12
11.18
12.81
14.43
16.06
19.31
3.438
4.313
5.187
6.183
8.500
ID
0.815
1.160
1.338
1.687
2.125
2.624
1.315
1.410
1.595
1.785
1.970
2.345
0.531
0.625
0.719
1.221
1.125
Wall
0.250
0.250
0.281
0.344
0.375
0.438
SCH 180
Page 27
20”
18”
16”
14”
12”
10”
8”
6”
4”
3”
0.64
18.22
21.60
0.67
20.26
I.D.
O.D.
Wall
I.D.
19.50
O.D.
Wall
0.60
16.20
17.40
O.D.
I.D.
14.16
I.D.
Wall
0.57
15.30
O.D.
Wall
12.12
13.20
O.D.
I.D.
10.10
I.D.
0.54
0.50
Wail
Wall
11.10
O.D.
8.13
I.D.
9.05
O.D.
0.46
6.02
Wall
0.44
I.D.
6.90
O.D.
Wall
3.96
I.D.
4.80
O.D.
0.42
3.02
I.D.
Wall
0.39
3.80
A
Wall
O.D.
Size
(Inches)
20.00
0.80
21.60
18.00
0.75
19.50
16.00
0.70
17.40
13.98
0.66
15.30
11.96
0.62
13.20
9.96
0.57
11.10
8.03
0.51
9.05
6.14
0.48
7.10
4.10
0.45
5.00
3.12
0.42
3.96
B
20.22
0.92
22.06
18.18
0.87
19.92
16.20
0.80
17.80
14.17
0.74
15.65
12.14
0.68
13.50
10.16
0.62
11.40
8.18
0.56
9.30
6.08
0.51
7.10
4.04
0.48
5.00
3.06
0.45
3.96
C
20.00
1.03
22.06
18.00
0.96
19.92
16.02
0.89
17.80
14.01
0.82
15.65
12.00
0.75
13.50
10.04
0.68
11.40
8.10
0.60
9.30
6.00
0.55
7.10
3.96
0.52
5.00
3.00
0.48
3.96
20.24
1.15
22.54
18.20
1.07
20.34
16.20
0.98
18.16
14.18
0.90
15.98
12.14
0.82
13.78
10.12
0.74
11.60
8.10
0.66
9.42
6.06
0.58
7.22
Class
D
E
20.00
1.27
22.54
18.00
1.17
20.34
16.00
1.08
18.16
14.00
0.99
15.98
12.00
0.89
13.78
10.00
0.80
11.60
8.10
0.66
9.42
6.00
0.61
7.22
F
20.24
1.39
23.02
18.22
1.28
20.78
16.18
1.18
18.54
14.18
1.07
16.32
12.14
0.97
14.08
10.12
0.86
11.84
8.10
0.75
9.60
6.08
0.65
7.38
G
20.00
1.51
23.02
18.00
1.39
20.78
16.00
1.27
18.54
14.00
1.16
16.32
12.00
1.04
14.08
10.00
0.92
11.84
8.00
0.80
9.60
6.00
0.69
7.38
H
84”
72”
60”
54”
48”
42”
36”
30”
24”
1.72
84.10
I.D.
87.54
O.D.
Wall
1.62
72.10
75.34
O.D.
I.D.
60.02
I.D.
Wall
1.39
62.80
O.D.
Wall
53.96
56.66
O.D.
I.D.
47.98
I.D.
1.35
1.26
Wall
50.55
Wall
42.00
I.D.
O.D.
1.10
44.20
O.D.
Wall
0.99
35.98
37.96
O.D.
I.D.
29.98
I.D.
Wall
0.88
31.74
O. D.
Wall
24.28
0.76
25.80
A
I.D.
Wall
O.D.
Size
(Inches)
Cast Iron Pipe (Standard Classes)
84.10
2.22
88.54
72.10
1.95
76.00
60.06
1.67
63.40
54.00
1.55
57.10
47.96
1.42
50.80
41.94
1.28
44.50
36.00
1.15
38.30
29.94
1.03
32.00
24.02
0.98
25.80
B
72.10
2.39
76.88
60.20
2.00
64.20
54.00
1.90
57.80
47.98
1.71
51.40
42.02
1.54
45.10
35.98
1.36
38.70
30.00
1.20
32.40
24.22
1.05
26.32
C
60.06
2.38
64.28
53.94
2.23
58.40
48.00
1.99
51.98
42.02
1.78
45.58
36.00
1.58
39.16
30.00
1.37
32.74
24.00
1.16
26.32
36.00
1.80
39.60
30.00
1.55
33.10
24.28
1.31
26.90
Class
D
E
36.00
2.02
40.04
30.00
1.73
33.46
24.00
1.45
26.90
F
24.26
1.75
27.76
G
24.00
1.88
27.76
H
Page 28
16”
14”
12”
10”
8”
6”
4”
3”
51
0.34
16.72
I.D.
17.40
O.D.
Wall
14.64
I.D.
15.30
O.D.
0.33
12.58
I.D.
Wall
0.31
13.20
Wall
O.D.
11.10
O.D.
10.32
8.51
I.D.
I.D.
0.27
Wall
0.39
9.05
O.D.
Wail
6.40
I.D.
16.66
0.37
17.40
14.58
0.36
15.30
12.52
0.34
13.20
10.46
0.32
11.10
8.45
0.30
9.05
6.34
0.28
6.90
O.D.
0.25
4.28
I.D.
Wall
0.26
4.80
O.D.
Wall
3.46
I.D.
3.96
0.25
6.90
50
Wall
O.D.
Size
(Inches)
16.60
0.40
17.40
14.52
0.39
15.30
12.46
0.37
13.20
10.40
0.35
11.10
8.39
0.33
9.05
6.28
0.31
6.90
4.22
0.29
4.80
3.40
0.28
3.96
16.54
0.43
17.40
14.46
0.42
15.30
12.40
0.40
13.20
10.34
0.38
11.10
8.33
0.36
9.05
6.22
0.34
6.90
4.16
0.32
4.80
3.34
0.31
3.96
16.48
0.46
17.40
14.40
0.45
15.30
12.34
0.43
13.20
10.28
0.41
11.10
8.27
0.39
9.05
6.16
0.37
6.90
4.10
0.35
4.80
3.28
0.34
3.96
Class
52
53
54
55
16.42
0.49
17.40
14.34
0.48
15.30
12.28
0.46
13.20
10.22
0.44
11.10
8.21
0.42
9.05
6.10
0.40
6.90
4.04
0.38
4.80
3.22
0.37
3.96
56
16.36
0.52
17.40
14.28
0.51
15.30
12.22
0.49
13.20
10.16
0.47
11.10
8.15
0.45
9.05
6.04
0.43
6.90
3.93
0.42
4.80
3.14
0.41
3.96
Std . 0.1875
Dbl. 0.375
Std . 0.1875
Dbl. 0.375
Std. 0.123
Dbl. 0.250
Std. 0.123
Dbl. 0.250
Std. 0.123
Dbl. 0.250
Std. 0.123
Dbl. 0.250
Std. 0.123
Dbl. 0.250
Std. 0.123
Dbl. 0.250
Mortar
Lining
54”
48”
42”
36”
30”
24”
20”
18”
50
0.57
55.96
I.D.
57.10
O.D.
Wall
49.78
I.D.
50.80
O.D.
0.51
43.56
I.D.
Wall
0.47
Wall
44.50
38.30
O.D.
O.D.
31.22
I.D.
37.44
0.39
Wall
I.D.
32.00
O. D.
0.43
25.04
I.D.
Wall
0.38
25.80
O.D.
Wall
20.88
I.D.
0.36
21.60
O.D.
Wall
18.80
0.35
19.50
I.D.
Wall
O.D.
Size
(Inches)
Ductile Iron Pipe (Standard Classes)
51
55.80
0.65
57.10
49.64
0.58
50.80
43.44
0.53
44.50
37.34
0.48
38.30
31.14
0.43
32.00
24.98
0.41
25.80
20.82
0.39
21.60
18.74
0.38
19.50
55.64
0.73
57.10
49.50
0.65
50.80
43.32
0.59
44.50
37.06
0.62
38.30
31.06
0.47
32.00
24.92
0.44
25.80
20.76
0.42
21.60
18.68
0.41
19.50
55.48
0.81
57.10
49.36
0.72
50.80
43.20
0.65
44.50
37.14
0.58
38.30
30.98
0.51
32.00
24.86
0.47
25.80
20.70
0.45
21.60
18.62
0.44
19.50
55.32
0.89
57.10
49.22
0.79
50.80
43.08
0.71
44.50
37.40
0.45
38.30
30.90
0.55
32.00
24.80
0.50
25.80
20.64
0.48
21.60
18.56
0.47
19.50
Class
52
53
54
55
55.16
0.97
57.10
49.08
0.86
50.80
42.96
0.77
44.50
36.94
0.68
38.30
30.82
0.59
32.00
24.74
0.53
25.80
20.58
0.51
21.60
18.50
0.50
19.50
56
55.00
1.05
57.10
48.94
0.93
50.80
42.84
0.83
44.50
36.48
0.73
38.30
30.74
0.63
32.00
24.68
0.56
25.80
20.52
0.54
21.60
18.44
0.53
19.50
Std. 0.250
Dbl. 0.500
Std. 0.250
Dbl. 0.500
Std. 0.250
Dbl. 0.500
Std. 0.250
Dbl. 0.500
Std. 0.250
Dbl. 0.500
Std . 0.1875
Dbl. 0.375
Std . 0.1875
Dbl. 0.375
Std . 0.1875
Dbl. 0.375
Mortar
Lining
Page 29
3”
2 ½”
2”
1-½”
1-¼”
1”
3/4”
5/8”
1/2”
0.109
2.907
I.D.
3.125
O. D.
Wall
2.435
I.D.
2.625
O. D.
0.095
1.959
I.D.
Wall
0.083
2.125
O. D.
Wall
1.481
I.D.
1.625
O. D.
0.072
1.245
I.D.
Wall
0.065
1.375
O. D.
Wail
0.995
I.D.
1.125
O. D.
0.065
0.745
I.D.
Wall
0.065
0.875
O. D.
Wall
0.652
I.D.
0.750
O. D.
0.049
0.527
I.D.
Wall
0.049
0.625
K
2.945
0.090
3.125
2.465
0.080
2.625
1.985
0.070
2.125
1.505
0.060
1.625
1.265
0.055
1.375
1.025
0.050
1.125
0.785
0.045
0.875
0.666
0.042
0.750
0.545
0.040
0.625
Type
L
M
2.981
0.072
3.125
2.495
0.065
2.625
2.009
0.058
2.125
1.571
0.027
1.625
1.291
0.042
1.375
1.055
0.035
1.125
0.811
0.032
0.875
0.690
0.030
0.750
0.569
0.028
0.625
COPPER TUBING
Wall
O. D.
Nominal
Diameter
3.062
0.219
3.500
2.500
0.188
2.875
2.062
0.157
2.375
1.600
0.150
1.900
1.368
0.146
1.660
1.062
0.127
1.315
0.822
0.114
1.050
0.625
0.108
0.840
Copper &
Brass Pipe
2.900
0.050
3.000
2.400
0.050
2.500
ALUMINUM
10”
8”
7”
6”
5”
4-½”
4”
3½”
I. D.
Wall
0. D.
I. D.
Wall
OD
I. D.
Wall
O. D
ID.
Wall
0. D.
I. D.
Wall
0. D.
I. D.
Wall
O D.
I. D.
Wall
O. D.
I.D.
Wall
O. D.
Nominal
Diameter
7.583
0,271
8.125
5.741
0.192
6.125
4.805
0.160
5.125
3 874
0.063
4.125
3.385
0.120
3.625
K
7.725
0.200
8.125
5.845
0.140
6.125
4.875
0.125
5.125
3.857
0.134
4.125
3.425
0.100
3.625
Type
L
M
7.785
0.170
8.125
5.881
0.122
6.125
4.907
0.109
5.125
3.905
0.110
4.125
3.459
0.083
3.625
COPPER TUBING
9.812
0.094
10 000
8.000
0.313
8.625
7.062
0.282
7.625
6.125
0.250
6.625
5.063
0.250
5.563
3.935
0.095
4.500
3.500
0.250
4.000
Copper &
Brass Pipe
7.812
0.094
8 000
6.844
0.078
7.000
5.874
0.063
6.000
4.874
0.063
5.000
4.500
0.250
5.000
4.000
0.250
4.000
ALUMINUM
RUN
PROGRAM
RELAY 1
RELAY 2
D
30°
Flow
d
3d
1d
7°
FIGURE A6 - Insertion Flow meter Installed in a Reduced Pipe
Page 30
A division of Racine Federated Inc.
Limited Warranty and Disclaimer
Racine, division of Racine Federated Inc. warrants to the end purchaser, for a period
of one year from the date of shipment from the factory, that all flow meters, electronic
accessories and other products manufactured by it are free from defects in materials
and workmanship. This warranty does not cover products that have been damaged
due to abnormal use, misapplication, abuse, lack of maintenance, or improper installation. Racine’s obligation under this warranty is limited to the repair or replacement
of a defective product, at no charge to the end purchaser, if the product is inspected
by Racine and found to be defective. Repair or replacement is at Racine’s discretion.
An authorization number must be obtained from Racine before any product may be
returned for warranty repair or replacement. The product must be thoroughly cleaned
and any process chemicals removed before it will be accepted for return.
The purchaser must determine the applicability of the product for its desired use and
assumes all risk in connection therewith. Racine assumes no responsibility or liability
for any omissions or errors in connection with the use of its products. Racine will under no circumstances be liable for any incidental, consequential, contingent or special
damages or loss to any person or property arising out of the failure of any product,
component or accessory.
All expressed or implied warranties, including the implied warranty of merchantability and the implied warranty of fitness for a particular purpose or application are expressly disclaimed and shall not apply to any products sold or services
rendered by Racine.
The above warranty supersedes and is in lieu of all other warranties, either expressed
or implied and all other obligations or liabilities. No agent or representative has any
authority to alter the terms of this warranty in any way.
8635 Washington Avenue
Racine, WI 53406-3738 USA
262-639-6770
888-572-2463
e-mail [email protected]
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