10A~30A
Power Master Elite SERIES
SOLAR CHARGE CONTROLLER
10Amp/ 20Amp/ 30Amp
Installation and Operation Manual
USER MANUAL
Solar Battery Charging
Load Control
Lighting Control
VER.C/980729
CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Elite series Installation ................................................................................... 3
1-1 Introduction ........................................................................................................ 3
1-2 Safety Instruction ............................................................................................... 3
1-3 Specifications....................................................................................................... 4
1-4 PM-SCC-10AE, PM-SCC-20AE, PM-SCC-30AE Mounting Dimension...... 5
1-5 RP-Elite Remote Panel Dimension.................................................................... 5
1-6 Installation Overview ......................................................................................... 6
1-7 Installation Steps................................................................................................. 9
Chapter 2 Elite series Operation ....................................................................................11
2-1 Operating Modes ...............................................................................................11
2-2 Adjustability of Solar Battery Charging .........................................................11
2-3 Adjustability of Load Control ......................................................................... 18
2-4 Adjustability of Lighting Control ................................................................... 20
2-5 Troubleshooting ................................................................................................ 22
2
Chapter 1 Elite series Installation
1-1 Introduction
The Elite is an advanced design using a microcontroller for digital accuracy and fully
automatic operation. Each model unit can be used for 12V, 24V and 48V system and can
be operated at three major functions including solar charging, load control and lighting
control. The PWM battery charging has been optimized for longer battery life and the
state-of-the-art auto detector of day and night has been precisely applied to log the
different length of night hours for lighting control no matter where and when (the North
or the South, winter or summer) Elite is installed. Many specifications of the Elite are
unique and designed for user-friendly operation. Please take the time to read this
operator’s manual and follow the instruction step by step to help you make full use of
many functions that the Elite can provide to your solar lighting system.
1-2 Safety Instruction
This manual contains important instructions that should be followed during
installation and maintenance of the Elite controller.
Be very careful when working with batteries. Lead acid batteries can generate
explosive gases, and short circuits can draw thousands of amps from the battery.
Read all instructions provided with the battery.
Do not exceed the rated current ratings of the controller.
Do not exceed a battery voltage of 48V (nominal). Do not use a battery less than
12V.
Charge only 12, 24, or 48 volt lead-acid batteries when using the standard battery
charging programs or NI-CAD batteries when DIP Switch number 3~5 is in the ON
position in the Elite.
DO NOT short circuit the PV array or load while connected to the controller. This
will damage the controller.
The controller should be protected from direct sunlight. Ensure adequate space for
air flow around the controller.
Do not install a Elite in a sealed compartment with batteries.
Never allow the solar array to be connected to the Elite with the battery
disconnected. This can be a dangerous condition with high open-circuit solar voltage
present at the terminals.
Pressure terminal connectors are not required. Use only copperwire with minimum
75°C insulation rating and between 10 AWG (5.2 mm2) and 14 AWG (2.1 mm2)
gage.
The negative system conductor should be properly grounded. Grounding should
comply with local codes.
3
1-3 Specifications
MODEL
ELECTRICAL
System voltage ratings
Current ratings-Battery Charge
Control
Current ratings-Load Control/
Lighting Control
PM-SCC-10AE
PM-SCC-20AE
PM-SCC-30AE
12, 24, 48 Vdc
10A
20A
30A
10A
20A
30A
12/24V:≦0.1 % ± 50 mV
48V:≦0.1 % ± 100 mV
Min. voltage to operate
9V
Max. solar array Voc
140 V
Max. operating voltage
68 V
Total current consumption
While operating -25mA, at idle -3mA
90ºC disconnect solar
High temp shutdown
90ºC disconnect load / diversion load
70ºC reconnect solar / load / diversion load
11.1V (initial setting)
User select: 10.5V, 11.3V, 11.5V, 11.7V, 11.9V, 12.1V,
LVD
12.3V for 12V system
Twice or four times of 12V is for 24V and 48V system
12.6V (initial setting)
User select: 12.0, 12.8V, 13.0V, 13.2V, 13.4, 13.6, 13.8
LVR
for 12V system
Twice or four times of 12V is for 24V and 48V system
Overload Capacity
150% of rated current for transient surge
BATTERY CHARGING / Built-in BTS
Charge algorithm
PWM, constant voltage
Temp comp. coefficient
–5mV/ºC / cell (25ºC ref)
Temp comp. range
0ºC to +50ºC
Temp comp. setpoints
PWM, float, equalize (with BTS)
MECHANICAL
Weight
0.3 Kgs
0.4 Kgs
Power terminals
10A Rated
20A Rated
30A Rated
ENVIRONMENTAL
Ambient temperature
–40 to +45ºC
Storage temperature
–55 to +85ºC
Humidity
100% (NC)
Enclosure
Indoor & vented, (powder coated steel)
OPTIONS
Remote Panel
Optional LCD display for PM-SCC-30AE only
Specifications subject to change without notice
Accuracy
4
1-4 PM-SCC-10AE, PM-SCC-20AE, PM-SCC-30AE Mounting
Dimension
Unit: mm
Length
Model
PM-SCC-10AE
PM-SCC-20AE
PM-SCC-30AE
L
L1
168 mm
161 mm
236 mm
229 mm
1-5 RP-Elite Remote Panel Dimension
5
1-6 Installation Overview
The installation is straight forward but it is important that each step is done correctly and
safely. A mistake can lead to dangerous voltage and current levels. Be sure to carefully
follow the following instructions for all the terminal connection.
DIP
Switches
PV+
Battery
Pos +
PV–
Battery
Neg–
Load+/
Light+
Charge
Status
LED
Load
Status
LED
Lighting
Control
Switch
Manual
EQU/LVR
Light
Test
BVS BTS
+ —
Load–/
Light–
Control Terminal Connection
Name
Description
PV+
Connecting terminal for Solar Array Positive
PV–
Connecting terminal for Solar Array Negative
Battery +
Connecting terminal for Battery cable Positive
Battery–
Connecting terminal for Battery cable Negative
Load + / Light +
Connecting terminal for DC Load / Light Positive
Load– / Light –
Connecting terminal for DC load / Light Negative
Dip Switch 1, 2
Selection of battery voltage for 12V or 24V or 48V system
Dip Switch 3, 4, 5,
Battery charge control mode: Battery charging algorithm
Dip Switch 6
Battery charge control mode: Auto / Manual Equalization
Load control mode: Auto / Manual Reconnect
Dip Switch 7
ON: Lighting control
6
Remote
Panel
OFF: Load Control
Lights remain turned off.
OFF:
2,4,6,8,10:
Lighting control
Switch
Hours light is turned on after sunset.
2/1, 3/1, 4/1, Light is turned on after sunset, turned off after the selected
6/1, 2/2, 3/2, lasting hours, and turned on again before sunrise.
2/1: Light is turned on for two hours after sunset, turned off
4/2, 6/2,
after two hours and turned on again one hour before sunrise.
8/2:
D/D:
Remote Panel
BVS + /–
BTS
Dusk-to-Dawn, light is on all night
Connecting port for the optional LCD remote panel for PM-SCC-30AE
model
Connecting terminal for Battery Voltage Sensor to compensate for voltage
loss due to cable resistance.
Battery Temperature Sensor is built in Elite for temperature compensation
LED Status Indicators
Blinking Green: Charging is in the state of Bulk or Absorption
Solid Green: Charging is in the state of Float
Charge Status LED Solid Orange: Charging in the state of Equalization
Solid Red: Charging in the state of fault: Over Current
Blinking Red: Charging in the state of fault: Over Temp.
Blinking Green:
If the battery charge state falls below the disconnect setpoint voltage (Initial
setting: 11.1V for 12V system, 22.2V for 24V system and 44.4V for 48V
system) lasting for six minutes, the green LED will blink to be ready for load
disconnection.
Solid Orange:
After six minutes of battery voltage under setpoint, the orange LED will lit to
show the low voltage disconnection for loads.
Blinking Orange:
When the battery voltage recovers to above the reconnect setpoint (Initial
Load Status LED
setting: 12.6V for 12V system, 25.2V for 24V system and 50.4V for 48V
system), the orange LED will blink to be ready for reconnection for six
minutes.
Solid Green:
Battery discharges to DC load; after six minutes of reconnection process, the
green LED will be lit to show battery successfully discharges to DC load
Solid Red:
Load control in fault: Load Over Current
Blinking Red:
Load control in fault: Over Temperature
7
Push Buttons
Press the Light Test Push Button to enter the testing mode to check if the
Lighting Control Switch has been correctly set in order to control the lights
based on desired timer.
Light Test
Procedure:
1. Select Dip Switch 7 to be ON
2. Press LIGHT TEST push button until the LOAD LED blinking in green
and red in turns.
3. Count 24 hours a day as 24 seconds so 1 hour equals to 1 second and 12
seconds for day time and 12 seconds for night time.
4. If the Lighting Control Switch is placed at 2, the light load will light for 2
seconds for testing.
5. If the Lighting Control Switch is placed at 3/1, the light load will light for 3
seconds and then stop for 8 seconds and light again for 1 second.
6. Press LIGHT TEST push button to return to charge battery/load control
state.
PUSH
Manual
Equalize/LVR
When there is a fault occurring, push Manual Equalize/LVR to reset it.
HOLD
Manual
Equalize/LVR
Battery charge control mode: Hold Manual Equalize/LVR to start equalization
and press it again to stop equalization.
※ Optional Remote LCD Meter for PM-SCC-30AE
One Remote LCD Meter can be added to the PM-SCC-30AE at any time during or
after installation. The display is a 2x16 LCD meter with backlighting. One
pushbuttons is
used to scroll through the displays function.
There are a series of display screens that provide information such as:
• Operating information and data
• Reset Amp-Hours
8
1-7 Installation Steps
This section provides a brief overview of how to get started using the Elite controller.
However, please review the entire manual to ensure best performance and years of
trouble-free service.
NOTES:
The Elite prevents reverse current leakage at night, so a blocking diode is not
required in the system.
The connector terminals will accept a maximum wire size of AWG #10 (up to 5.2
mm2). A flathead screwdriver is required. (Some #10 spade connectors may not fit in
this terminal.)
Tighten each terminal clamping screw to 20 inch-pounds of torque.
The Elite is designed to regulate power from a PV array. Other generators can be
connected directly to the battery, however, with no effect on the Elite.
STEPS:
1. Mount the Elite on to a vertical surface. Allow a minimum of 5 cm (2 inches) space
above and below the controller for air flow.
2. Make sure the PV and load currents will not exceed the ratings of the Elite model
being installed.
3. The connections to the Elite terminals are shown in the panel drawing.
4. Connect the BATTERY first. Be careful that bare wires do not touch the metal case of
the controller.
※ The BATTERY must be connected before the SOLAR to properly start the
microcontroller.
※ If the battery voltage is below LVD (low voltage disconnect) which can be selected by
MANUAL EQU/LVR and LIGHT TEST buttons, the load has been automatically
disconnected due to a very low battery charge condition, and the battery must be
recharged.
※ A battery below 10 volts may not start the microcontroller properly. Make sure the
battery is charged before installing the system.
5. Connect the SOLAR (PV array) next. The green LED indicator will light if the array is
9
connected during the daytime and the array is wired correctly.
※ If the SOLAR is disconnected during installation, the controller will see this as the
first night and the length of night will be too short. This will only affect ON/OFF/ON
settings, and will automatically be corrected over 4 days. If the PV array is
disconnected, it is best to disconnect the battery and restart the microcontroller before
leaving the site.
※ Remember that the Solar array will generate power whenever in sunlight. Also, be
careful not to shortcircuit the PV array while connected to the controller, since this
will damage the controller.
6. Connect the LIGHT last. If the red LED indicator lights, the battery capacity is low
and should be charged before completing the system installation
7. Set the DIP Switch 1 and 2 for the voltage system, set the DIP Switch 3, 4, 5 for
battery charging algorithm, set the DIP Switch 6 for Auto/Manual Equalization or
Load reconnect, set the DIP Switch 7 for Light or Load Control
8. For most effective surge protection, it is recommended that the negative system
conductor be properly grounded.
9. Turn the rotary LIGHTING CONTROL switch to the lighting option desired.
10
Chapter 2 Elite series Operation
2-1 Operating Modes
There are three distinct operating modes programmed into each Elite. Different from
Premium, only one mode of operation being selected for an individual unit, Elite can be
operated at Solar Battery Charging mode and DC Load Control or Lighting control mode
at the same time.
Solar Battery Charging
The energy output of a solar array is used for recharging the system battery.
The Elite manages the charging process to be efficient and to maximize the life of the
battery. Charging includes a bulk charging stage, PWM absorption, float and
equalization.
DC Load Control
When set for DC load control, the Elite powers loads from the battery, and protects the
battery from over-discharge with a current compensated LVD (low voltage load
disconnect).
Lighting Control
When set for lighting control, the Elite would detect day and night and measure the
length of night at different time and area zone. The desired lighting hours can be set for
the precise control to turn on and turn off the light in order to achieve power saving.
2-2 Adjustability of Solar Battery Charging
Seven DIP switches permit the following parameters to be adjusted at the installation site:
DIP Switch
1
OFF
ON
OFF
3~5
6 (OFF)
(ON)
7 (OFF)
(ON)
Solar battery charging
2
OFF
OFF
ON
Select Battery Voltage
48V system
24V system
12V system
Standard battery charging programs
Manual Equalization
Auto Equalization
Load Control
Lighting control
PWM Battery Charging
PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) battery charging is the most efficient and effective
method for recharging a battery in a solar system.
Selecting the best method for charging your battery together with a good maintenance
11
program will ensure a healthy battery and long service life. Although the Elite’s battery
charging is fully automatic, the following information is important for getting the best
performance from your Elite controller and battery.
VOLTAGE
Four Stages of Solar Charging
3
EQUALIZE
NIGHT
1
BULK
CHARGING
2
PWM
ABSORPTION
4
FLOAT
NIGHT
TIME
Solar Charging Stages
1. Bulk Charging: In this stage, the battery will accept all the current provided by the
solar system.
2. PWM Absorption: When the battery reaches the regulation voltage, the PWM begins
to hold the voltage constant. This is to avoid over-heating and over-gassing the battery.
The current will taper off to safe levels as the battery becomes more fully charged.
3. Equalization: Many batteries benefit from a periodic boost charge to stir the
electrolyte, level the cell voltages, and complete the chemical reactions.
4. Float: When the battery is fully recharged, the charging voltage is reduced to prevent
further heating or gassing of the battery.
Battery Charging Notes
The Elite manages many different charging conditions and system configurations.
Some useful functions to know follow below.
Solar Overload: Enhanced radiation or “edge of cloud effect” conditions can generate
more current than the controller’s rating. The Elite will reduce this overload up to 130%
of rated current by regulating the current to safe levels. If the current from the solar array
exceeds 150%, the controller will interrupt charging.
Battery Temperature Compensation: All charging setpoints are based on 25°C (77°F).
If the battery temperature varies by 5°C, the charging will change by 0.15 volts for a 12
volt battery. This is a substantial change in the charging of the battery.
12
Day-Night Detection: The Elite will automatically detect day and night conditions. Any
functions that require measuring time or starting at dawn, for example, will be automatic.
Battery Types: The Elite’s standard battery charging programs are suitable for a wide
range of lead-acid battery types. These standard programs are select by DIP Switch 3~5.
Standard Battery Charging Programs
The Elite provides 8 standard battery charging algorithms (programs) that are selected
with the DIP switches. These standard algorithms are suitable for lead-acid batteries
ranging from sealed (gel, AGM, maintenance free) to flooded to L-16 cells and Ni-cad
etc.
The table below summarizes the major parameters of the standard charging algorithms.
Note that all the voltages are for 12V systems (24V = 2X, 48V = 4X).
All values are 25ºC (77ºF).
A
B
DIP
Switches
Battery
Bulk
Type
Voltage
(3-4-5)
off-off-off 1 – Sealed
14.0
off-off-on 2 – Sealed
14.1
off-on-off 3 - Sealed
14.3
off-on-on 4 - Flooded
14.4
on-off-off 5 - Flooded
14.6
on-off-on 6 - Flooded
14.8
on-on-off 7 - L-16
15.0
on-on-on
8-NiCad
16.0
Standard Battery Charging Programs
C
D
Float
Voltage
13.4
13.4
13.4
13.4
13.4
13.4
13.4
14.5
Equalize
Voltage
None
14.2
14.4
15.1
15.3
15.3
15.3
None
E
Equalize
Time
(hours)
1
2
3
3
3
3
-
F
Equalize
Interval
(days)
28
28
28
28
28
14
-
A. Battery Type– These are generic lead-acid and Ni-cad battery types.
B. BULK Voltage–This is the PWM Absorption stage with constant voltage charging.
The “PWM voltage” is the maximum battery voltage that will be held constant. As the
battery becomes more charged, the charging current tapers off until the battery is fully
charged.
C. Float Voltage–When the battery is fully charged, the charging voltage will be reduced
to 13.4 volts for all battery types.
D. Equalization Voltage–During an equalization cycle, the charging voltage will be held
constant at this voltage.
E. Equalization Time–The charging at the selected equalization voltage will continue
for this number of hours. This may take more than one day to complete.
13
F. Equalization Interval–Equalizations are typically done once a month. Most of the
cycles are 28 days so the equalization will begin on the same day of the month. It can
be set by Dip Switch 3~5 for different interval days. Each new cycle will be reset as
the equalization starts so that a setting day period will be maintained.
Temperature Effects
Battery Temperature Sensor (BTS)
A sensor next to the remote panel is used for temperature compensated battery charging.
As the battery gets warmer, the gassing increases. As the battery gets colder, it becomes
more resistant to charging. Depending on how much the battery temperature varies, it
may be important to adjust the charging for temperature changes.
There are three battery charging parameters that are affected by temperature:
PWM Absorption
This is the most important part of charging that is affected by temperature because the
charging may go into PWM absorption almost every day. If the battery temperature is
colder, the charging will begin to regulate too soon and the battery may not be recharged
with a limited solar resource. If the battery temperature rises, the battery may heat and
gas too much.
Equalization
A colder battery will lose part of the benefit of the equalization. A warmer battery may
heat and gas too much.
Float
Float is less affected by temperature changes, but it may also undercharge or gas too
much depending on how much the temperature changes.
The BTS corrects the three charging setpoints noted above by the following values:
• 12 volt battery: –0.030 volts per °C (–0.017 volts per °F)
• 24 volt battery: –0.060 volts per °C (–0.033 volts per °F)
• 48 volt battery: –0.120 volts per °C (–0.067 volts per °F)
Variations in battery temperature can affect charging, battery capacity, and battery life.
The greater the range of battery temperatures, the greater the impact on the battery. For
example, if the temperature falls to 10°C (50°F) this 15°C (27°F) change in temperature
will change the PWM, equalization and float setpoints by 1.80V in a 48V system.
Temperature
12 Volt
24 Volt
48 Volt
50ºC / 122ºF
– 0.75 V
–1.50 V
– 3.00 V
45ºC / 113ºF
– 0.60 V
– 1.20 V
– 2.40 V
40ºC / 104ºF
– 0.45 V
– 0.90 V
– 1.80 V
35ºC / 95ºF
– 0.30 V
– 0.60 V
– 1.20 V
30ºC / 86ºF
– 0.15 V
– 0.30 V
– 0.60 V
25ºC / 77ºF
0V
0V
0V
20ºC / 68ºF
+ 0.15 V
+ 0.30 V
+ 0.60 V
15ºC / 59ºF
+ 0.30 V
+ 0.60 V
+ 1.20 V
14
10ºC / 50ºF
+ 0.45 V
5ºC / 41ºF
+ 0.60 V
0ºC / 32ºF
+ 0.75 V
Temperature Compensation
+ 0.90 V
+ 1.20 V
+ 1.50 V
+ 1.80 V
+ 2.40 V
+ 3.00 V
Equalization
Routine equalization cycles are often vital to the performance and life of a battery —
particularly in a solar system. During battery discharge, sulfuric acid is consumed and
soft lead sulfate crystals form on the plates. If the battery remains in a partially
discharged condition, the soft crystals will turn into hard crystals over time. This process,
called “lead sulfation,” causes the crystals to become harder over time and more difficult
to convert back to soft active materials.
Sulfation from chronic undercharging of the battery is the leading cause of battery
failures in solar systems. In addition to reducing the battery capacity, sulfate build-up is
the most common cause of buckling plates and cracked grids. Deep cycle batteries are
particularly susceptible to lead sulfation.
Normal charging of the battery can convert the sulfate back to the soft active material if
the battery is fully recharged. However, a solar battery is seldom completely recharged,
so the soft lead sulfate crystals harden over a period of time. Only a long controlled
overcharge, or equalization, at a higher voltage can reverse the hardening sulfate crystals.
In addition to slowing or preventing lead sulfation, there are also other benefits from
equalizations of the solar system battery. These include:
Balance the individual cell voltages.
Over time, individual cell voltages can drift apart due to slight differences in the cells.
For example, in a 12 cell (24V) battery, one cell is less efficient in recharging to a final
battery voltage of 28.8 volts (2.4 V/c). Over time, that cell only reaches 1.85 volts, while
the other 11 cells charge to 2.45 volts per cell. The overall battery voltage is 28.8V, but
the individual cells are higher or lower due to cell drift. Equalization cycles help to bring
all the cells to the same voltage.
Mix the electrolyte.
In flooded batteries, especially tall cells, the heavier acid will fall to the bottom of the cell
over time. This stratification of the electrolyte causes loss of capacity and corrosion of the
lower portion of the plates. Gassing of the electrolyte from a controlled overcharging
(equalization) will stir and remix the acid into the battery electrolyte.
NOTE: Excessive overcharging and gassing too vigorously can damage the battery
plates and cause shedding of active material from the plates. An equalization that is
too high or for too long can be damaging. Review the requirements for the
particular battery being used in your system.
15
Standard Equalization Programs
Both automatic and manual equalizations can be performed using the standard charging
programs.
Manual Equalization
The Elite is shipped with the DIP switch set for manual equalization only. This is to avoid
an unexpected or unwanted automatic equalization. In the manual mode, the pushbutton
is used to both start or stop a manual equalization. Hold the pushbutton down for 5
seconds to start or stop an equalization (depending on whether an equalization is in
progress or not).
There are no limits to how many times the pushbutton can be used to start and stop
equalizations. Equalizations will be terminated automatically as per the charging program
selected if the pushbutton is not used to manually stop the equalization.
Automatic Equalization
If the equalization DIP switch is moved to the ON position), the equalizations will begin
automatically as per the charging program selected. Other than starting, the automatic and
manual equalizations are the same and follow the standard charging program selected.
The pushbutton can be used to start and stop equalizations in both the manual and
automatic mode.
Typical Equalizations
The automatic equalizations will occur at the selected charging program from Dip Switch
3~5. When an equalization begins (auto or manual), the battery charging voltage
increases up to the equalization voltage (Veq). The battery will remain at Veq for the
time specified in the selected charging program.
The equalization process will continue until the voltage has been held above the bulk
setting for a cumulate period of two hours. A second manual equalization cycle can be
started with the pushbutton if needed.
If the equalization cannot be completed in one day, it will continue the next day or days
until finished. After an equalization is completed, charging will return to PWM
absorption.
When to Equalize
The ideal frequency of equalizations depends on the battery type (leadcalcium,
lead-antimony, etc.), the depth of discharging, battery age, temperature, and other factors.
One very broad guide is to equalize flooded batteries every 1 to 3 months or every 5 to 10
deep discharges. Some batteries, such as the L-16 group, will need more frequent
equalizations.
The difference between the highest cell and lowest cell in a battery can also indicate the
need for an equalization. Either the specific gravity or the cell voltage can be measured.
16
The battery manufacturer can recommend the specific gravity or voltage values for your
particular battery.
Float
When a battery becomes fully charged, dropping down to the float stage will provide a
very low rate of maintenance charging while reducing the heating and gassing of a fully
charged battery. When the battery is fully recharged, there can be no more chemical
reactions and all the charging current is turned into heat and gassing.
The purpose of float is to protect the battery from long-term overcharge. From the PWM
absorption stage, charging is dropped to the float voltage. This is typically 13.4V.
17
2-3 Adjustability of Load Control
When setting in the load control mode, DIP Switch 7 should be placed at OFF. The LVD
(low voltage disconnect) and LVR (low voltage reconnect) are important setpoints to
protect the system battery from deep discharges that could damage the battery.
The Procedure of LVD/LVR Selection
Step 1: Press MANUAL EQU/LVR push button and LIGHT TEST push button at the
same time until the CHARGE LED turns red and LOAD LED turns green in
turns.
Step 2: Press LIGHT TEST push button at one time and observe the CHARGE LED
color and LOAD LED color changing in the following order to select the LVD
and LVR level.
CHARGE LED
LOAD LED
Voltage System
Red
Red
Red
Green
Green
Red
Green
Green
Green
Orange
Orange
Green
Orange
Orange
Orange
Red
12V
12.6
12.8
13.0
13.2
13.4
13.6
13.8
12.0
LVR
24V
25.2
25.6
26.0
26.4
26.8
27.2
27.6
24.0
48V
50.4
51.2
52.0
52.8
53.6
54.4
55.2
48.0
12V
11.1
11.3
11.5
11.7
11.9
12.1
12.3
10.5
LVD
24V
22.2
22.6
23.0
23.4
23.8
24.2
24.6
21.0
48V
44.4
45.2
46.0
46.8
47.6
48.4
49.2
42.0
Step 3: Press MANUAL EQU/LVR to finish the LVD/LVR level setting procedure.
Inductive Loads (Motors)
For dc motors and other inductive loads, it is strongly recommended to install a diode
near the controller. Inductive loads can generate large voltage spikes that might damage
the controller’s lightning protection devices.
The diode should be installed near the controller, and in the orientation shown in the
diagram below:
Diode Protection
18
The specifications for the diode follow:
• a power diode
• rated equal or greater than 80 volts
• rated equal or greater than 10 amps (PM-SCC-10AE) or 20 amps (PM-SCC-20AE) or
30 amps (PM-SCC-30AE)
For large inductive loads, a heat sink for the diode may be necessary.
General Load Control Notes
In addition to the inductive loads discussed above, there are a few other load issues that
require attention:
Inverters
Inverters should never be connected to the Elite
Reverse Polarity
If the battery is correctly connected (LEDs are on), the load should be connected very
carefully with regard to polarity (+ / –).
If the polarity is reversed, the controller cannot detect this. There are no indications.
Loads without polarity will not be affected.
Loads with polarity can be damaged. It is possible that the Elite will go into short circuit
protection before the load is damaged. If the LEDs indicate a “Fault”, be certain to check
for both shorts and reversed polarity connections.
If the controller does not go into short circuit protection, the loads with polarity will be
damaged.
CAUTION: Carefully verify the polarity (+ and –) of the load connections before
applying power to the controller.
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2-4 Adjustability of Lighting Control
When setting in the lighting control mode, DIP Switch 7 should be placed at ON. After
completing the system connections, select the desired LIGHTING CONTROL switch
option. The brief description of the options follows below:
2,4,6,8,10:
Lights remain turned off.
Hours light is turned on after sunset.
2/1, 3/1, 4/1,
6/1, 2/2, 3/2,
4/2, 6/2, 8/2:
Light is turned on after sunset, turned off after the selected
lasting hours, and turned on again before sunrise.
2/1: Light is turned on for two hours after sunset, turned off
after two hours and turned on again one hour before sunrise.
D/D:
Dusk-to-Dawn, light is on all night
OFF:
Lighting control
Switch
To select a lighting control option, turn the rotary digital switch to the desired position.
An arrow in the rotary switch will point to the selected position. This is a digital switch,
so it will click into each of the sixteen positions.
To confirm correct selection of the desired control option, press the LIGHT TEST button
to enter the testing mode.
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LIGHT TEST Button
Press the LIGHT TEST button to enter the testing mode to check if the Lighting Control
Switch has been correctly set in order to control the lights based on desired timer. The
procedure is listed as below.
STEPS:
1. Select Dip Switch 7 to be ON
2. Press LIGHT TEST push button until the CHARGE LED blinks in red and green in
turns.
3. Count 24 hours a day as 24 seconds so 1 hour equals to 1 second and 12 seconds for
day time and 12 seconds for night time.
4. If the Lighting Control Switch is placed at 2, the light load will light for 2 seconds for
testing.
5. If the Lighting Control Switch is placed at 3/1, the light load will light for 3 seconds
and then stop for 8 seconds and light again for 1 second.
6. After 24 seconds, another cycle of test will continue to activate.
7. Press LIGHT TEST button to return to charge battery/load control state.
Auto Detector for Day and Night
The Elite uses the solar array to detect day and night. The transition to night requires a
solar insulation level less than 2 percent. The transition back to day requires a high solar
array open-circuit voltage. Both state changes require 10 minutes of continuous transition
values before making the change. These constraints avoid false transitions due to
lightning or dark storm clouds.
Measure Night Length
The LIGHTING CONTROL options that turn the lights on again before sunrise require
that the Elite measure the length of the night. Therefore, the controller cannot turn the
lights on before sunrise the first night after installation (or after reconnecting
the battery). If the solar array is disconnected during service, the controller will then
measure a faulty night length. Either reset the controller by reconnecting the battery, or
this short “night” will be automatically corrected by the controller after 4 days of
service.
NOTE: The Elite uses the open circuit voltage of the PV panel to determine the correct
time for dawn and dusk. If the PV panel is covered with debris (e.g. snow, leaves, dirt),
the PV panel voltage may be too low which can cause load timing errors. If the load is
operating erratically, make sure the PV panels are clean, there are no obstructions shading
the array, and the PV panels are oriented to the sun correctly. The Elite will automatically
correct load timing errors within 4 days of clearing the array.
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2-5 Troubleshooting
The Elite is very rugged and designed for the most extreme operating conditions. Most
PV system problems will be caused by connections, voltage drops, and loads.
Troubleshooting the Elite controller is simple. Some basic troubleshooting procedures are
listed below.
CAUTIONS:
1. Troubleshooting should be done by qualified personnel only.
2. Remember that a battery can cause serious damage if shorted.
3. There are no user serviceable parts, fuses or circuit breakers inside the Elite.
4. Observe all normal precautions when working with energized circuitry.
1. BATTERY IS NOT CHARGING
Check the green LED indicator. The green CHARGING LED should be on if it is
daytime.
Check that the proper battery charging has been selected by DIP Switches.
Check that all wire connections in the system are correct and tight. Check the
polarity (+ and –) of the connections.
Measure the PV array open-circuit voltage and confirm it is within normal limits. If
the voltage is low or zero, check the connections at the PV array itself. Disconnect
the PV from the controller when working on the PV array.
Check that the load is not drawing more energy than the PV array can provide.
Check if there are excessive voltage drops between the controller and the battery.
This will cause undercharging of the battery.
Check the condition of the battery. Determine if the battery voltage declines at
night with no load. If unable to maintain its voltage, the battery may be failing.
Measure the PV voltage and the battery voltage at the Elite terminals. If the voltage
at the terminals is the same (within a few tenths of volts) the PV array is charging
the battery. If the PV voltage is close to the open circuit voltage of the panels and
the battery voltage is low, the controller is not charging the batteries and
may be damaged.
2. BATTERY VOLTAGE IS TOO HIGH
First check the operating conditions to confirm that the voltage is higher than
specifications.
Check that the proper battery charging has been selected by DIP Switches.
Check that all wire connections in the system are correct and tight.
Disconnect the PV array and momentarily disconnect the lead from the BATTERY
positive terminal. Reconnect the battery terminal and leave the PV array
disconnected. The Green charging light should not be lit. Measure the voltage at the
SOLAR terminals (with the array still disconnected). If the Green charging light is
on or battery voltage is measured at the SOLAR terminals, the controller may be
damaged.
3. LOAD NOT OPERATING PROPERLY
Press the LIGHT TEST button to turn the lights on. This will assist in
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troubleshooting the problem.
Check that the load is turned on. Check that no system fuses are defective. Check
that no system circuit breakers are tripped. Remember that there are no fuses or
circuit breakers inside the Elite.
Check connections to the load, and other controller and battery connections. Make
sure voltage drops in the system wires are not too high.
Check for proper LED indications on the Elite. If the solid orange LOAD
DISCONNECT LED is on, the load has been disconnected due to low battery
voltage. This is generally a normal state when the load exceeds the PV array output
due to weather and other sunlight conditions.
Check the PV array voltage under direct sun, with the array leads disconnected. The
voltage should be close to the expected open circuit voltage for the panel type used.
Visually inspect the PV array and verify that the array is clear of debris (e.g. leaves,
snow, dirt) and that it is oriented correctly for the installation location
Measure the voltage at the controller BATTERY terminals. If this voltage is above
the LVD, the load should have power. Press the MANUAL EQU/LVR button and
then measure the voltage at the controller LOAD terminals, and if there is no voltage
present, the controller may be defective.
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