Chapter 3 Application Software Chapter 3 Objectives Application

Chapter 3 Application Software Chapter 3 Objectives Application
Chapter 3 Objectives
Define application software
Identify the widely used
application software products
and explain their key features
Understand how system
software interacts with
application software
Identify various products
available as Web applications
Identify the role of the user
interface
Chapter 3
Application Software
Describe the learning aids
available with many software
applications
Explain how to start a software
application
Next
p. 3.2
Application Software
Application Software
What are the categories of application software?
What is application software?
• Programs that
perform specific
tasks for users
• Also called a
software
application or an
application
• Several reasons to
use application
software
To assist with
graphics and
multimedia
projects
To facilitate
communications
To serve as a
productivity/
business tool
To support
household activities,
for personal
business, or for
education
Next
Next
p. 3.2
p. 3.2 Fig. 3-1
Application Software
Application Software
What is system software?
• Programs that
control the
operations of
the computer
• Serves as the
interface
between the
user, the
application
software, and
the computer's
hardware
Next
p. 3.3 Fig. 3-2
What is an antivirus program?
• A utility that prevents, detects, and removes viruses
from a computer’s memory or storage devices
•
Some
viruses
destroy or
corrupt data
Next
p. 3.3 Fig. 3-3
1
Application Software
What is a menu?
• A menu
contains
commands
you can
select
What is an application window?
command
Start menu
All Programs
submenu
Application Software
Accessories
submenu
• A rectangular
area of the
screen that
displays a
program, data,
and/or
information
Next
Next
Start button
p. 3.6 Fig. 3-6
Paint
window
Application Software
Print
dialog box
What is a dialog box?
• A special window
that provides
information,
presents available
options, or
requests a
response
check box
text box
toolbar
shortcut
menu
Imaging program
command
p. 3.5 Fig. 3-5
title bar
Productivity Software
What is productivity software?
• Software
that assists
people in
becoming
more
effective
and
efficient
option buttons
Next
Next
p. 3.6 Fig. 3-7
command
buttons
p. 3.7 Fig. 3-8
Productivity Software
Productivity Software
What is word processing software?
• Allows users
to create
and
manipulate
documents
that contain
text and
graphics
Next
p. 3.8 Fig. 3-9
What is clip art?
• A collection of
drawings,
diagrams, and
photographs
that you can
insert into
documents
Word
window
printed
document
Next
p. 3.8 Fig. 3-9
2
Productivity Software
Productivity Software
What is a major advantage of using a word
processor?
What are some word processing features?
• You can easily
insert, delete, or
rearrange words,
sentences,
paragraphs or
entire sections
• Spelling and
grammar checker
Specify margins
Scrolling
Word wrap
Next
The house was deep in a
secluded
secluded
remote part of the
woods. The trees
surrounded the porch
in a protective circle.
Small clusters of pink
and white flowers lined
the walk leading up to
the door.
replace
replace
findor
or
find
search
search
Next
p. 3.8
p. 3.9
Productivity Software
Productivity Software
What are other popular word processing features?
What are the stages of developing a document?
autoformat
header/
footer
autocorrect
Formatting
columns
Editing
tables
collaboration
Creating
mail merge
macros
thesaurus
templates
tracking
changes
Web page
development
voice
recognition
Next
p. 3.9
Next
Saving
p. 3.10
Productivity Software
What is a font?
™
™
A name assigned to a
specific design of
characters
Font size specifies the
size or the characters in
a particular font in
points
• A single point is
about 1/72 of an inch
in height
Font style adds
emphasis to a font such
Next
as bold, italic, and
p. 3.10 Fig. 3-11
underline
Printing
Productivity Software
font size
What is a file?
font
Font styles
• A named
collection of data,
instructions, or
information
• Each file has a
file name
filename
nameon
on
file
titlebar
bar
title
™
Next
p. 3.10
3
Productivity Software
Productivity Software
What is voice recognition?
• The computer’s capability of distinguishing spoken
words
Step 6:
1:
2:
3:
4:
5:
Say,
Say,
Say,
Say,
“Voice
Say,
“Forty
“Dictation”
“Algerian”
“Green”
Command”
Say,
Eight”
“Font”.
and
and
toand
instruct
then
to
then
then
instruct
say,
say,
say,
the the
program
program
you
“Font
“Font
you
will
“End”.
will
Color”.
be
Size”.
dictating.
be issuingSay,
commands.
“Car for
Say,
sale”.
“Center”.
Next
What is spreadsheet software?
• Allows you to
organize data
• Performs
calculations
• Called a
worksheet or
spreadsheet
Next
p. 3.11 Fig. 3-12
p. 3.12 Fig. 3-13
Productivity Software
Productivity Software
What can a cell contain?
How is a spreadsheet organized?
™
Columns identified
by letters
columns
columns
v
No
Rows identified by
numbers
™ A cell is the
intersection of a
column and row
r
be
em
Expe
™
Total
Label
nses vings
Sa
23 .
781
Number
.2 1
-9 8
=SUM(A1:A5)
5
*4
9 Formula
A
=
rows
rows
cell
cell
Next
p. 3.12 Fig. 3-13
=C4+C5+C6+C7+C8
Next
p. 3.12
Productivity Software
Productivity Software
What is a function?
What is recalculation?
• A predefined formula that performs common
calculations
• The capability of recalculating the rest of the
worksheet when data in a worksheet changes
• What- if analysis
=C4+C5+C6+C7+C8
SU
=SUM(C4:C8)
E
PV
DAT
N
E
G
RA
LOG
AVE R RATE
MAX
O
V
E
PMT
U
N
D
I
T
RT
M
N
S
SU
SQ
D
M
FV
NOW
IF
LN
M
TI
M
E
AB
S
T
IN
PV
CO
UN
Next
T
p. 3.13
$52
.49
Newdata
data
New
entered
entered
Totals
Totals
recalculated
recalculated
Next
p. 3.13
Projected College Cash Flow Analysis
Expenses
Room & Board
Tuition & Books
Clothes
Entertainment
Miscellaneous
Total
Freshman Sophomore
Junior
Senior
$ 3,290.00 $ 3,454.50 $
3,627.23 $
3,808.59 $
4,850.00
5,092.50
5,347.13
5,614.48
10,000.00
10,500.00
11,000.00
11,500.00
490.00
514.50
540.23
567.24
635.00
666.75
700.09
735.09
325.00
341.25
358.31
376.23
9,590.00 $ 15,477.00
10,069.50 $ 16,225.86
10,572.99 $ 16,987.15
11,101.63 $
$ 14,740.00
Total
14,180.32
20,904.11
43,000.00
2,111.97
2,736.93
1,400.79
41,334.12
63,430.01
4
Productivity Software
Productivity Software
What is charting?
What is a database?
• Allows you to display spreadsheet data in graphical
form
column
column
chart
chart
linechart
chart
line
piechart
chart
pie
Next
• A collection of
data
organized in
a manner that
allows
access,
retrieval, and
use of that
data
Next
p. 3.14 Fig. 3-15
p. 3.15 Fig. 3-16
Productivity Software
Productivity Software
What are the parts of a database?
What is database software?
• Allows you to create, access, and manage a
database
• Also called a database management system
(DBMS)
add, change,
and delete data
sort and
retrieve data
create forms
and reports
using the data
Next
™
™
™
A table contains records
A record is a row in a table that contains information about a given
person, product, or event
A field is a column in a table that contains a specific piece of information
within a record
fields
fields
Itemtable
table
Item
records
records
Next
p. 3.16
Suppliertable
table
Supplier
p. 3.16 Fig. 3-16
Productivity Software
Productivity Software
What does the table structure contain for each
field?
How is a database organized?
• Records and fields in a table are described by
the table structure
field name
Itemtable
table
Item
structure
structure
field size
Suppliertable
table
Supplier
structure
structure
Next
p. 3.16 Fig. 3-17
data type
Next
p. 3.16
5
Productivity Software
How do you extract information from a
database?
• Sort records in a particular order
• Query database
Productivity Software
What is presentation graphics software?
• Used to create documents that communicate ideas and
messages
• Sometimes
called a slide
show
watch
Next
Next
p. 3.17 Fig. 3-19
p. 3.18 Fig. 3-20
Productivity Software
Productivity Software
What is slide sorter view?
What is a personal information manager (PIM)?
• View of small versions of all the slides
• An application that includes
an appointment calendar,
address book, and other
features
• Organize personal information
on both desktop and handheld
computers
• Synchronization
Next
Next
p. 3.18 Fig. 3-21
p. 3.20 Fig. 3-23
Productivity Software
Next
Productivity Software
What is a software suite?
What is project management software?
• A collection of individual applications sold as a
single package
• Two major advantages:
• Allows you to plan, schedule, track, and analyze
the events, resources, and costs of a project
lower cost
p. 3.20
handheld computer
ease of use
Next
p. 3.21 Fig. 3-24
6
Graphics and
Multimedia Software
Productivity Software
What is accounting software?
• Helps companies record and report their
financial transactions
What are some
popular graphics
and multimedia
software
products?
Computer-Aided Design
(CAD)
Desktop Publishing
(Professional)
Paint/Image Editing
(Professional)
Video and Audio Editing
Multimedia Authoring
Next
Web Page Authoring
Next
p. 3.21 Fig. 3-25
p. 3.22 Fig. 3-26
Graphics and
Multimedia Software
Graphics and
Multimedia Software
What is desktop publishing software?
What is computer-aided design (CAD)?
• Software that
allows you to
create
engineering,
architectural,
and scientific
designs
• Enables you to
design and
produce
sophisticated
documents that
contain text,
graphics, and
brilliant colors
Next
Next
p. 3.22 Fig. 3-27
p. 3.23 Fig. 3-28
Graphics and
Multimedia Software
Graphics and
Multimedia Software
What is paint/image editing software?
• Used to create and
modify graphical
images
• Sometimes called
illustration software
Next
p. 3.24 Fig. 3-29
What is video and audio editing software?
™
™
Video editing
software allows you
to modify a segment
of a video, called a
clip
Audio editing
software allows you
to modify audio clips
Next
p. 3.25 Fig. 3-30
7
Graphics and
Multimedia Software
What is multimedia authoring software?
Graphics and
Multimedia Software
What is Web page authoring software?
• Allows you to
create Web
pages
• Allows you to
combine text,
graphics, audio,
video, and
animation into an
interactive
presentation
• Also called
authorware
Next
Next
p. 3.25 Fig. 3-31
What software
products are
available for home,
personal, and
educational use?
p. 3.25
Software for Home,
Personal, and
Educational Use
Next
Software for Home,
Personal, and
Educational Use
What software facilitates communication?
™
E-mail
™
Web browsers
™
Chat rooms
™
Newsgroups
™
Instant messaging
™
Groupware
™
Videoconferencing
Next
p. 3.26 Fig. 3-32
p. 3.31
Applications on the
Web
What is a Web application?
• A software application that exists on a Web site,
such as maps and directions
• Some Web
applications
store your
data and
information at
their site
• Some are free
Next
p. 3.33 Fig. 3-41
Applications on the
Web
What is Web-based training (WBT)?
• Self-directed, self-paced instruction on a topic on the Web
•
Distance learning
(DL) is the delivery
of education at one
location while the
learning takes
place at other
locations
Next
p. 3.35 Fig. 3-44
8
Applications on the
Web
Learning Aids and
Support Tools Within an
Application
What is an application service provider (ASP)?
What is Online Help?
• Third party
organization that
manages and
distributes software
and services on the
Web
• Allows companies
to outsource
information
technology (IT)
needs
• Electronic equivalent of a
user manual
• Context- sensitive help
Next
Next
p. 3.35 Fig. 3-45
What is an FAQs page?
p. 3.36 Fig. 3-46a
Learning Aids and
Support Tools Within an
Application
• Frequently Asked Questions
•
Often
available on
a Web site
that
provides
updates
Next
What is a wizard?
Learning Aids and
Support Tools Within an
Application
• An automated assistant that helps you complete a
task
Next
p. 3.36 Fig. 3-46b
p. 3.36 Fig. 3-46c
Learning Aids and
Support Tools Within an
Application
How can I learn more about a software
package?
Summary of
Application Software
•
•
•
•
•
Application software
Productivity software
Developing a document
Graphics and multimedia software
Software for home, personal, and
educational use
• Software for communications
• Applications on the Web
• Learning aids and support tools within an
application
• Books
• Web
• School
Next
p. 3.37 Fig. 3-47
Next
Chapter 3 Complete
9
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