SCADALink SMX-900 Manual V1.00b

SCADALink SMX-900 Manual V1.00b
BENTEK SYSTEMS LTD
SCADA and Telemetry Solutions
SCADALink SMX-900 / SM-900
Wireless Modular RTU/Modem
User Manual
SCADALink SMX-900 / SM-900 Version 1.1B
Last Revised May 13, 2009
BENTEK SYSTEMS LTD
315, 3750 – 46 Avenue S.E. Calgary, Alberta, T2B 0L1 Ph: (403) 243-5135 Fax: (403) 243-5165
email: [email protected]
web: www.scadalink.com
NOTE: This is a draft manual and subject to change at any time.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1 GENERAL OVERVIEW ............................................................................ 4
2 HARDWARE OVERVIEW ....................................................................... 7
3
2.1. SMX-900 TRANSCEIVER DESCRIPTION ........................................................ 8
2.1.1 SMX-900 RF LINK LED: .............................................................................. 8
2.1.2 SMX-900 I/O MODULES, CONNECTION & ROTARY SWITCHES.... 8
2.2 SM-900 TRANSCEIVER DESCRIPTION.......................................................... 11
2.2.1 SM-900 RF LINK LED ................................................................................ 11
2.2.2 DIAGNOSTIC PORT................................................................................... 12
CONFIGURATION ....................................................................................... 13
3.1 CONFIGURATION OVERVIEW ........................................................................ 13
3.1.1 Hardware Configuration Overview ............................................................ 14
3.1.2 Software Configuration Overview.............................................................. 15
3.1.3 Configuration Steps ....................................................................................... 15
3.2 SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION ........................................................................ 16
3.2.1 Navigating the Software ............................................................................... 17
3.2.2 PULL DOWN MENUS................................................................................. 17
3.2.3 GROUP PARAMETERS ............................................................................. 19
3.2.4 RADIO PARAMETERS .............................................................................. 21
3.2.5 SAVING ALL PARAMETERS................................................................... 28
3.3 HARDWARE DIP SWITCH CONFIGURATION............................................... 30
3.3.1 SMX-900 / SM-900 Transceiver Configuration ......................................... 30
3.3.2 I/O Module Register Address / Rotary Switch Configuration.................. 31
3.3.3 Host and Serial Field Equipment Configuration ....................................... 32
3. 4 CONFIGURATION EXAMPLES........................................................................ 34
3.4.1 EXAMPLE 1: POLLED MB-RTU SYSTEM USING A8D4 (MODE 2).. 34
3.4.2 EXAMPLE 2: END-TO-END I/O TELEMETRY SYSTEM (MODE 4) 38
ASSEMBLY & BENCH TESTING ..................................................... 39
4
5 FIELD INSTALLATION ........................................................................... 43
6 WIRING DIAGRAMS ................................................................................. 45
7 SPECIFICATIONS ........................................................................................ 50
FCC Rules and Compliance ........................................................................... 53
APPENDIX A – Configuration Template ............................................. 54
APPENDIX B – MODULE TOP & SIDE DRAWINGS.............. 56
APPENDIX C – MODBUS & AB DF1 ADDRESS MAP............ 58
APPENDIX D – SMX-900 DIP SW. SETTINGS ............................. 61
APPENDIX E – AT COMMANDS /REMOTE
DIAGNOSTICS ..................................................................................................... 62
1 GENERAL OVERVIEW
The SMX family of modular wireless I/O devices is designed to enable users to easily
construct a SCADA or Telemetry system that will fit their specific needs. It is compact,
DIN rail-mounted and modular in design and the radio transceiver modules enable a
range of up to 20 miles using license-free 902-928Mhz Spread Spectrum. There are 2
different radio transceivers that can be used in an SMX system; the SMX-900 and the
SM-900. Their main difference is that the SMX-900 can interface to SMX I/O modules
and RS-485/RS-422/RS-232 serial devices while the SM-900 can only interface to RS232 serial devices. Other differences are detailed in the Hardware section of this manual.
The general features of the SMX family are:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Modbus RTU and Allen Bradley’s (AB) DF1 protocol support.
Transparent Serial for other protocols
Modular I/O Expansion module (SMX-900 only)
I/O Telemetry (SMX-900 only)
RS-232, RS-485 (SMX-900 only), RS-422 (SMX-900 only) ports
Up to 254 Slave address range.
Diagnostic Port (SM-900 only)
Using the SMX-900 or SM-900, the user can easily set up complex Modbus or Allen
Bradley DF1 SCADA communication systems. SMX-900 and SM-900 transceivers
interoperate and communicate seamlessly with each other and SM-900’s are less
expensive and generally used when only RS-232 Serial communications is required at the
remote site. This manual enables a user to configure and install the correct SCADA or
Telemetry system for his/her application. It is divided into the following sections:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
General Overview
Hardware Overview
Configuration
Assembly & Bench Testing
Field Installation
Wiring
Module Specifications.
Appendix
To begin the process of setting up an SMX-based system, look at Fig. 1 below to
determine which one of its 4 Operating Mode best fits your application:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Transparent Serial Communication.
Modbus RTU Serial Communication to Slave (PLC Emulation).
Allen Bradley DF1 Serial Communication to Slave (PLC Emulation).
End to End I/O Telemetry (SMX-900 only)
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Figure 1: Operating Modes
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Once you have determined which mode is best suited for your application, proceed to the
rest of this manual in the following order to configure, test and install your system for
this Operating mode:
1. Hardware Overview - to gain familiarity with the basic hardware.
2. Configuration - to configure the SMX system using Software or Hardware
configuration (if your system has already been fully factory configured by
Bentek Systems for your specific applications, you can skip this section).
3. Assembly & Bench Testing - to assemble and bench test the system.
4. Field Installation - to install system in field (including antenna wiring)
5. Wiring - to connect your field equipment to the SMX system.
If you are configuring a Modbus or Allen Bradley DF1 system, also make sure you have
an address plan for all you remote sites. For your convenience, a Hardware configuration
template is available in Appendix A. In the future, Bentek Systems will provide a
downloadable Software and Hardware Configuration Spreadsheet available at
www.scadalink.com
NOTE:
• Important Notes in this Guide are indicated in red & preceded by: “NOTE” or
“WARNING”.
• Commonly referred to Tables and Figures are found in the Appendices.
• DIP switch naming convention used in this guide is: DIP switch # - position. For
example DIP switch CONFIG1, position 2 is named CONFIG1-2.
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2 HARDWARE OVERVIEW
The SMX modular, wireless I/O family consists of a variety of rail-mounted radiomodem
and I/O modules that easily snap together to create a variety of SCADA architectures.
There are 2 types of transceiver modules (SMX-900 and SM-900), both operating on
license-free 902-928Mhz Spread Spectrum. The SMX-900 can interface to a variety of
serial devices and SMX I/O modules while the SM-900 only interfaces to RS-232 serial
devices. Both transceivers can communicate/interoperate with each other in the same
system but the SM-900 is less expensive than the SMX-900 so it is recommended when
only RS-232 serial communications or real time diagnostics at the Master is required.
Table 1: Differences between SMX-900 and SM-900 Transceiver
Properties
Active Ports
I/O Interface
Connectors
Configuration
Diagnostics
Usage
SMX-900
1 (configurable as RS-232,
485 or 422)
Yes
Terminal Blocks: Power,
RS485/RS4422, Link Failure
DB9F: RS232
MCX: Antenna
Hardware DIP Switches and
Software
No
Use when I/O is required at
site or to interface to a serial
device
SM-900
2 ( 1 User RS-232 and 1 dedicated
Radio Diagnostic RS-232)
No
Terminal Blocks: Power, Link Failure
DB9F: RS232
6 pin Mini DIN: Radio Diagnostic
MCX: Antenna
Software Only
Yes
Use to interface to a serial device or
when concurrent real-time diagnostics
of remote slave sites is required at the
Master site.
For full wiring details, see the Wiring section of this manual.
Figure 2: SMX-900 I/O Module Interconnection.
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2.1. SMX-900 TRANSCEIVER DESCRIPTION
The following figure shows the basic features of the SMX-900 transceiver:
Link Failure
Relay Output:
Dry Contact
switches on link
failure
9-30VDC
Input Power
DB9F – RS232
Left I/O Bus
Connector:
Male 5 pin
(SMX Model
only)
Right I/O Bus
Connector:
Female 5 pin
(SMX model
only)
MCX Female
Antenna
Connector
TX LED:
flashes to
indicate
outgoing data
RF Link
Status LEDs
(see
description
below)
RX LED:
Flashes to
indicate
incoming data
RS-485/422
Terminals
Figure 3: Basic SMX-900 Terminal Blocks, Connectors and LEDs
2.1.1 SMX-900 RF LINK LED:
Master: On Solid if transceiver receives good serial data from Host
Slave: On Solid when there is solid connection
Flashes 0.5 Hz when there is an RF link error
Flashes 1 Hz to indicate weak RF signal
Flashes quickly when there is a configuration parameter error
2.1.2 SMX-900 I/O MODULES, CONNECTION & ROTARY SWITCHES
This section describes the I/O Expansion modules, how to interconnect with the SMX900 and how to configure to Rotary switch.
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2.1.2.1 Basic Description
The I/O Expansion module provides Modbus RTU and Allen Bradley DF1 addressable
I/O to the SMX-900. There are 8 possible address ranges assignable to each module via
an 8 position rotary switch. This module needs to connect with the SMX-900 to receive
power and signal to operate. NOTE: I/O Modules only work with SMX-900 transceiver.
The SM-900 transceiver is standalone and does not have an I/O connector. The Table
below shows all the different available types of I/O modules. Full detailed description of
each module is given in the specifications section of this manual. Note that particular
modules have internal DIP switches for setting either output failure states (Digital
modules) or voltage or current ranges (Analog modules). Again, consult the
specifications.
2.1.2.2 Interconnection to SMX-900
Both the SMX-900 transceiver and I/O expansion modules each have a 5 pin male I/O
bus connector on the left and a 5 pin female I/O bus connector on the right. Modules
simply snap together by inserting the male left connector to the right female connectors.
Subsequently, I/O modules can connect to either side of the SMX-900.
8 Position
Rotary
switch for
assigning
I/O Module
address
I/O Bus
connector
left side: 5
pin Male
Figure 4: SMX-900 with I/O Expansion Modules connected to the right
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2.1.2.3 Rotary Switch Configuration
When an I/O module is connected, it must have its 8 position rotary switch set to a unique
position. This sets the Modbus or AB DF1 address range for the particular module. See
Appendix C for full address mapping details. In these Tables, the “Module #” is set by
the rotary switch position. WARNING: Setting 2 I/O modules to the same position will
result in an address conflict. Also, power to the I/O module must be reset before the
switch position is updated. Since the rotary switch only has 8 positions, each SMX-900
can have a maximum of 8 I/O expansion units connected to it. The Table below shows all
the different I/O modules that are available.
Table 2: SMX-900 I/O Modules.
Module
Name
DI8
DO8
AI4
DO4
A8D4
Type
Description
I/O Slots occupied
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
8 Digital Inputs
8 Digital Outputs
4 Analog Inputs
4 Analog Outputs
4 Analog / Digital Inputs,
4 Analog / Digital / Pulse
Inputs
4 Digital Outputs
1
1
1
1
5 (When an A8D4 is used, the
first 5 address slots must be
dedicated to it. Any other I/O
module occupy addresses
above it)
NOTE: Notice that the A8D4 module is a special high-density module and is actually
equivalent to 5 I/O module positions instead of one. This means that if an A8D4 module
is used, only 3 other modules can be added to give a maximum of 8 I/O expansion units.
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2.2 SM-900 TRANSCEIVER DESCRIPTION
Link Failure
Relay Output:
Dry Contact
switches on
link failure
DB9F – RS232
RF Link
Status LEDs
(see
description
below)
9-30VDC
Input Power
TX LED:
flashes to
indicate
outgoing data
RX LED:
Flashes to
indicate
incoming data
MCX Female
Antenna
Connector
Figure 5: SM-900 Transceiver
Diagnostic
Port: 6 Pin
Mini DIN
connector
The SM-900 is similar to the SMX-900 except that it doesn’t have the I/O Expansion
connector to connect I/O modules nor RS-485/422 terminals. It does have an extra RS232 port dedicated to remote diagnostics and accessed via a 6 pin mini DIN connector. It
is a standalone serial unit designed to interoperate with the SMX-900 but only supports
an RS-232 serial interface and no I/O modules.
2.2.1 SM-900 RF LINK LED
Master: On Solid if transceiver receives good serial data from Host
Slave: On Solid when there is solid connection
Flashes 0.5 Hz when there is an RF link error
Flashes 1 Hz to indicate weak RF signal
Flashes quickly when there is a configuration parameter error
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2.2.2 DIAGNOSTIC PORT
The SM-900 has a dedicated diagnostic port consisting of a 6 pin mini DIN connector on
one side. Use this port to provide online diagnostics of remote radios.
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3 CONFIGURATION
If Bentek Systems Ltd. has factory-configured the transceivers and I/O modules for your
specific application, you may not need to set anything. Check the Configuration
documents shipped with your system.
3.1 CONFIGURATION OVERVIEW
There are 2 ways to configure an SMX system:
1. Software: Windows-based software program.
2. Hardware: Internal DIP switches.
Software configuration is the most flexible and enables the user to configure all SMX
parameters. It is available on both the SMX-900 and the SM-900 transceiver. Hardware
configuration is useful for simple systems or when a Programming PC is not available. It
is only available on the SMX-900 transceiver.
NOTE:
1. The SMX-900 can be hardware or software configured.
2.The SM-900 can only be software configured EXCEPT that it’s RS232/RS485/RS422
setting MUST BE SET via hardware DIP switch CONFIG 3-2.
The limitation with hardware configuration is that it applies only to a subset of the total
available parameters. Consult the Table below to see if Hardware configuration is
suitable for your application.
Table 3: Hardware Configuration Limitations
Item
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Description
Repeater not supported
TX Rebroadcast not supported
Blocked Frequencies not supported
Retries not supported
Autorouting and Flush Time not supported
No Security ID supported
Roaming not supported
Only 1200, 2400, 9600 & 19200 Baud supported
Only (N,8,1) and (E,7,1) (Parity, Data bits, Stop bits) supported
Sleep mode not supported
Only PLC addresses 0 to 127 supported instead of 0 to 255
SMX-900 DIP switch CONFIG3-1 determines if hardware or software configuration is
used. For the SMX-900, this will usually be factory preset for software configuration
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unless otherwise specified by customer. For the SM-900, it must be set for hardware. If
you experience problems configuring your unit, this is one of the first things to check.
WARNING:
1. When hardware configuration is used the power MUST BE cycled in order to save the
parameters. This is the only way the DIP or Rotary switch settings will be read into
memory and saved.
2. The SM-900 cannot be programmed if it has been left on for more than 5 minutes; after
this time, it will automatically go from programming mode to data mode. This is a safety
time out. To continue programming, the power must be reset.
3.1.1 Hardware Configuration Overview
This consists of setting a combination of internal DIP switches. The Table below shows
the type, location and function of the switches used for hardware configuration. See
Appendix A for a full, detailed description of all switches. To configure the SMX-900
using switches, the user must configure the following:
1. SMX-900 Transceiver’s DIP switches CONFIG 1 to 4 are accessed by removing
the cover. These are necessary for configuring all the Operating Modes and radio
parameters.
2. The SMX-900 I/O Module DIP switches are accessed by removing the cover in
the same way. These switches are used for configuring Analog ranges of Analog
modules and Digital Fault states of Digital Output modules.
3. I/O Module Rotary switches are used to set the Modbus or Allen Bradley register
address range for the module’s mapped I/O.
Table 4: Hardware Configuration Switches
SWITCH
DIP
(inside
module)
Transceiver
module
Radio
parameters,
Operating mode,
addressing, port
settings
ROTARY
(on top of
module)
A8D4
module
Analog
range
AI4
module
DI8
Module
AO4
module
Output on
failure state
DO8
module
Output on
failure state
Fixed and
not
assignable
Register
address
Register
address
Register
address
Register
address
3.1.1.1 Removing the cover to access DIP switches
Since the DIP switches are inside the module, it is necessary to remove the cover to
access them for hardware configuration. The cover is snapped off by using a screwdriver
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to press on the housing indents just below the terminal block on either side then sliding
the cover away from the PCB. When configuration is finished, slide the cover back on.
NOTE : The cover is keyed so that it can only slide on one way.
Figure 6: Gaining Access to DIP Switches.
For further hardware details, please refer to the following sections:
•
•
•
•
•
Top & Side view of all modules -Appendix B
Module hardware details - Specifications section
Transceiver wiring details - Wiring section
Standard I/O module wiring details – Wiring section Fig. 21
A8D4 I/O module wiring details – Wiring section Fig. 22
3.1.2 Software Configuration Overview
This consists of using SCADALinkSM Windows-based configuration software to
download parameters to the SMX-900 or SM-900’s RS-232 port. For the advanced user,
there are also AT-commands via Terminal programming available (see Appendix D).
3.1.3 Configuration Steps
It is assumed that the user has already confirmed path reliability with an RF path study.
Before configuring a system, have the following information ready:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Operating Mode that best describes your system architecture
Port and Data settings
Description of type and quantity of I/O or Serial device at each site
PLC and register addresses
Photocopy of the SMX-900 Configuration template found in Appendix A
Use the Configuration Template to record all your configuration info for each site. With
this information, you’re now ready to perform the following step-by-step configuration.
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3.2 SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION
This section describes how to program the radio using SCADALinkSM Windows
configuration software. Advanced users are referred to Appendix D for terminal program
with AT commands). SCADALinkSM software is free and will be available for download
at www.scadalink.com.) Software configuration requires Windows 98, XP or 2000, 2MB
of hard drive space, minimum 600 by 800 screen resolution, and a RS232 serial port (or
USB port with a USB to RS232 converter).
To configure an SMX system using Software, it is required to:
1. Configure all the parameters in the SCADALinkSM software
2. Set the I/O address range of any I/O expansion modules used in the system via the
rotary switches located on the front of the module.
NOTES:
1. To enable software configuration, the SMX-900 transceiver DIP Switch CONFIG
3-1 must be set to zero. The SMX-900 usually ships with this switch set 0 so it is
unnecessary to open it up and set it yourself.
2. The SM-900 is only software configurable EXCEPT that it’s RS232/RS485/RS422
setting MUST BE SET via hardware DIP switch CONFIG 3-2. See Appendix D
3. Software configuration automatically overrides any hardware DIP switch
configuration.
4. If the I/O Module Rotary Switch position has been changed, power to the module
must be reset before it is updated in the memory.
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3.2.1 Navigating the Software
After running the software, the main menu screen will appear as follows:
Figure 7: Main Menu
The following description of software configuration is divided into 3 sections following
the SCADALinkSM software screen layout:
1.
2.
3.
Pull Down Menus (Project, Online Monitor & Help)
Group Parameters
Radio Parameters
3.2.2 PULL DOWN MENUS
3.2.2.1 PROJECT MENU
3.2.2.1.1 Configure PC COM Port…
Use this to set up the PC Serial port that is being used to program the SMX. First, select
the COM port the radio is attached to. If the radio is new, it will have default settings of
9600, N, 8, 1. If your SMX has already been configured to another setting, clicking on
the Auto Configure button will return the current COM settings of the radio.
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Figure 8: Configure COM Port Window
3.2.2.2.2 Get Local Radio Parameter
This allows you to upload the parameters from the current radio and display it in the
SCADALinkSM software.
3.2.2.2.3 Close Project
This closes the current project.
3.2.2.2.4 Create New Project
Projects are a convenient way to program many radios that use the same or a similar set
of parameters. To create a new project, click on Create New Project… This will open up
a Save As…window. Type in a filename; select the directory to save to and Save. Doing
this will expand the window to the right and add a new button called Save on the bottom
right of the menu. Now specify your parameters and when finished, click the Save button.
This will save the parameters to the file just created. Note that this toggles the button to a
new name: New. This allows you to create another new filename. This button toggles
between Save and New.
3.2.2.2.5 Load Project
By loading a saved project file, all parameters associated with that file are loaded into the
configuration software. Once the project file is loaded, download the parameters to the
radio by clicking the Set Radio button on the bottom of the main screen.
3.2.2.2.6 Exit
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This closes the entire SCADALinkSM program.
3.2.2.2 ONLINE MONITOR
The Online Monitor allows a master radio to access basic “health” information of each
slave radio. When the master radio is connected to the computer running SCADALinkSM
software, and a Project is loaded, the Online monitor will poll each slave radio and
display
•
•
•
Power supply voltage (Volts)
RSSI (dB)
Internal temperature (Deg. Celsius)
To turn on the Online Monitor, simply select “Online Monitor” from the pull down
menus. You will be prompted to open a Project file first. When a check mark appears,
the Online Monitor has been turned on.
All of the radios in the network will appear on the right of your screen with their labels.
If the radio symbol is red, it has not been polled or cannot be communicated with and
when it turns green it has been communicated with and values updated
NOTE: If you need to monitor these parameters without going offline, use the SM-900
instead of the SMX-900 at the master site. The SM-900 has 2 active serial ports so
normal data can flow in the primary one and online monitoring data can flow in the
secondary one. If an SMX-900 is used as a master instead, there is only 1 active serial
port and normal data must be taken offline to monitor voltage, RSSI or temperature at a
slave site.
Refer to Appendix D for more advanced information on using Terminal software and
diagnostics for Online Monitor.
3.2.2.3 HELP MENU
The Help pull down menu allows access to a Terminal program and the About screen.
The Terminal program can be useful to determine what commands the SCADALinkSM
software is sending to the radio and what responses the radio is sending back. Running
the Terminal program in the background with SCADALinkSM in the foreground can assist
in troubleshooting communication difficulties between the PC and the radio. The
Terminal program is also used if you desire to program the radios using AT commands.
See section 11 for more information on programming using AT commands.
3.2.3 GROUP PARAMETERS
As the name implies, these parameters are general ones that affect an entire group of
radios communicating with each other.
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Figure 9: Group Parameters
NOTE:
1.
2.
2 radios can only communicate with each other if they are on the same network.
This means that they are assigned the same Group ID, Security ID and RF Band.
In most cases, Bentek Systems will assign and provide the end user with the
specific Group ID, Security ID and RF Band they will use. Controlling the
assignment of these parameters minimizes the possibility of RF interference and
contention with other SMX-900 users who may happen to be in the vicinity.
3.2.3.1 RF Band
The SMX-900 divides the entire 902 to 928MHz ISM band into 4 separate interleaved
bands (interleaving prevents multi-pathing problems). The RF Band parameter
determines which of 4 RF Bands the network will use. Each band consists of 64 different
frequencies and no two bands use the same frequency (there are therefore a total of: 4
bands x 64 frequencies/band = 256 unique frequencies). Two neighboring networks
assigned to different RF bands are completely isolated from each other. A maximum of 4
different networks can coexist within radio range by use of the RF Band parameter.
When there are more than 4 networks within radio range of each other, it is necessary to
configure an additional parameter called the Group ID to distinguish all these networks.
3.2.3.2 Group ID
While the RF Band parameter selects 1 of 4 groups of 64 frequencies, the Group ID
parameter enables a user to assign 1 of 63 unique hopping patterns (1 to 63) to the
selected group of frequencies. If 2 networks use the same RF Band but different Group
ID’s, this ensures contention-free communications because 2 different hop patterns will
always ensure that 2 transmitters are never using the same transmit frequency at any one
time.
3.2.3.2 Security ID
The final measure to isolate 2 networks is a parameter called the Security ID. The
Security ID is an In-band parameter. This means that it is actually coded data that is
embedded into the transmitted data packet and decoded at the receiver. The transmitted
16 bit code ( between 1 and 65,535), must match the receivers programmed Security ID
before the receiver can accept and decode the data packet. If there is no match, it is
discarded. Even when RF Band and Group ID are the same, the Security ID will prevent
a message from another network from getting through.
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3.2.3.3 Flush Time
This parameter is only used if Auto-Routing is enabled. See Auto-Routing for a complete
description of this parameter.
3.2.3.4 Re TX Broadcasts
This parameter is used to increase performance in high interference environments or
where there are weak radio links to increase the reliability. When this parameter is
enabled, the master radio repeats all outbound messages twice, on different frequencies.
When not enabled, the master radio sends all outbound messages only once. When used,
there is a slight penalty in response time, as the master radio will take twice as long to
send an outbound message, when enabled.
3.2.3.5 Repeaters
Enable this if there are any repeaters configured in the network. All radios need to be
aware of any repeaters in the network.
3.2.3.6 Blocked MHz
The User can block known frequencies that may be interfering with SMX-900
communications. Clicking this button will pop up a window in which you can enter
frequencies to block.
Figure 10: Blocked Frequencies
The radio will not hop to any of the frequencies specified in this table. For example, if a
spectrum analyzer shows that a variable frequency drive or other piece of equipment is
emitting an interfering signal at a frequency in the 900 Mhz ISM band, entering into this
table can skip that frequency. This would increase the response time of equipment by
preventing the SMX-900 radio from re-transmitting data on a different frequency. Up to
12 frequencies can be blocked. Enter frequencies to the nearest 100KHz. (i.e.
905.6MHz)
3.2.4 RADIO PARAMETERS
The lower half of the main menu in the SCADALinkSM software sets the parameters unique to the
individual radio.
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Figure 11: Radio Parameters
3.2.4.1 Radio ID
Each radio in a network must have its own unique Radio ID ranging from 1 to 254. This
is used by the receiving radio to determine the source of the message and identifies which
radio the acknowledgement must be sent to.
3.2.4.2 Retries
3.2.4.2.1 Auto-Routing disabled
On a Slave or Repeater radio, this parameter determines how many times the slave will attempt to
send its message back to the master. The Master acknowledges all messages. If a Master radio
has not acknowledged the message, the slave will retry communications the number of times
specified. A higher setting is recommended for weak radio links and high interference
environments while a lower setting is recommended for strong radio links (i.e. Slaves that are
closer to the Master) and low interference areas.
3.2.4.2.2 Auto-Routing enabled
When Auto-Routing is enabled, Retries provide the maximum number of times the
Master will try to transmit to the Slave if previous messages have failed. See the
following Auto-Routing section for more information if programming a Master radio and
utilizing the Auto-Routing feature.
3.2.4.3 Retries
A radio can be configured as a Master, Slave or Repeater.
NOTE: Repeater is only configurable through software and not available in hardware
configuration.
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3.2.4.3.1 Master
A Master is responsible for sending out synchronization pulses that all Slaves will
synchronize to. This information is transparent to the end user. There can only be one
Master in any network but up to 254 Slaves and Repeaters that are synchronized to that
Master.
3.2.4.3.2 Slave
A Slave is responsible for receiving the Masters synchronization pulses and sending back
replies when queried by the Master. All Slaves that synchronize to the same Master and
said to be on the same network. The Slave will sync to the Master address specified in the
Master ID parameter found in the Roaming section of the menu. Alternatively, if
Roaming is set to Allowed parameter instead, this Slave will search for any Master within
radio range to lock onto. It will lock onto the first available Master it finds within radio
range.
3.2.4.3.3 Repeater
When a radio is configured as a repeater, it utilizes Store and Forward to transmit the data
beyond the range of a single radio. An important note is that all radios in the network
must know that there are repeaters, so that if they hear a weak signal direct from the
master radio, repeated by the repeater, they do not respond twice. This is a Group setting
called Repeaters. Click the Radio button on Yes if Repeaters are used in the network.
Repeaters also function as Slaves. A Repeater uses store-and-forward technology that is
transparent to the end user so that only a single radio is required for Repeater operation.
This allows for a cost effective network design and convenience since any Slave location
can also function as a Repeater for more distant slaves. There are no theoretical limits to
the number of Repeaters that can be used in a network. There are, however, practical
limitations. A repeater will slow the response time. With one repeater in a network,
slaves that pass data through that repeater will have double the response time. If a slave
is connected through 2 repeaters, the response time goes up 5 fold an 3 repeaters increase
the delay 6 fold.
If there are multiple paths that a slave radio can take to get its data to a master, by
allowing Roaming, the slave can take an alternate path if its primary path is blocked. It is
important to note that antenna selection must be reviewed to ensure that all possible paths
are within the beam width of the antennas.
NOTE: Repeater radios will typically require omni directional antennas, in the event
that its master and slave(s) are outside of the beam width of a yagi antenna.
3.2.4.4 Auto Routing
This only works with Modbus RTU or Allen Bradley’s DF1 protocol. Auto-Routing
increases communication reliability for these protocols in the following manner:
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1. During the first round of polling, the master radio monitors the message returned
by the Slave and builds a lookup table consisting of the PLC address associated
with the Slave radio’s address.
2. In subsequent polls, the master requests an acknowledgement from the Slave
radio. If the slave does not acknowledge the message, the master will re-send the
message the number of times specified in Retries. After all retries have been
attempted with no reply, the master will give up.
NOTE: Autorouting only works with Modbus RTU or AB DF1 and will not work with
other protocols.
Flush Time is another parameter related to Auto-Routing. Flush Time is the amount of
time the master radio stores the Auto-Routing table before discarding and re-constructing.
It is necessary to re-construct the table periodically in the event that a repeater has lost
power (or suffered some sort of failure) and the path is being re-routed through a
different repeater.
NOTE: During initial bench testing and system commissioning, it is recommended that
Auto-Routing be turned OFF since changing radio ID’s and PLC addresses will affect
Auto-Routing functionality and may cause the network not to function until the table
correlating the two has been discarded (flushed).
3.2.4.5 Roaming
When set to Allowed, this feature allows a slave radio to communicate to ANY repeater
within radio range. If it is set to Master ID, it will only lock to the specified master or
repeater. Most of the time, roaming is recommended, since it will allow a slave to reroute its data communications path automatically rather than lose communications.
However for slave radios that are very close to the master and another repeater, you may
wish to disable roaming and enter the master radio’s ID number. This will prevent the
possibility of the slave locking onto the repeater, and slowing its response time.
If Roaming is disabled, you must enter the Radio ID of the master or repeater. The slave
will then only be able to communicate with the radio with this ID.
NOTE: When designing the system, if roaming is enabled, antenna selection may have to
be modified so that the slave can communicate with other repeaters. Typically this
means using omni directional antennas.
3.2.4.6 Radio Model
This is not a user-configurable parameter that can be downloaded into the radio. Rather,
it is a status that is returned when the “Get Local Radio Parameters…” instruction from
the Project menu is executed. The software reads the radio and will set the appropriate
radio button for the SMX model. There are 2 models: SMX-900 and SM-900. For the
SMX-900, there are additional parameters available by clicking on the adjacent Setup
button.
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NOTE: If you force the program to a particular model of radio, and then attempt to
download it to the wrong model, you will experience communication errors.
3.2.4.7 Radio Model
This is the baud rate of the radio serial port. It must match the baud rate of the field serial
device connected to it. This baud rate is different and independent of the over-the-air
data rate.
3.2.4.8 Data Bits
This determines the number of binary bits used to represent each character. It must match
the data bits of the field serial device connected to it. Most protocols use 8 data bits.
3.2.4.9 Stop Bits
This determines the number of bits used to mark the end of a character. It must match the
stop bit of the field serial device connected to it. Most protocols use 1 stop bit.
3.2.4.10 Parity
A parity bit is a bit appended to the end of a character to provide a primitive kind of error
checking for the character. It must match the parity bit of the field device connected to it.
In general, it will detect an error in a character only 66% of the time, so in most
protocols, it isn’t used. (This radio modem also uses CRC16 error checking which will
catch errors 99.999% of the time).
3.2.4.11 Handshaking
Handshaking is signaling between an end serial device and its locally connected radio
serial port and not between two end devices over the radio link. If the radio serial port
baud rate exceeds the radio over-the-air baud rate, handshaking must be used to prevent
the radio buffer from overflowing. The radio buffer is 512 bytes deep, so handshaking
should be used when messages exceed 512 bytes. Handshaking is only available for RS232 and must be enabled on both transmitting and receiving devices to work properly.
The transmitting device asserts RTS and waits for the receiving device to acknowledge
with an asserted CTS before commencing data transmission.
3.2.4.12 Buffer Mode
A transmitting radio only sends a maximum of 22 bytes per message/hop. Therefore any
message larger than 22 bytes long is divided up and sent on several hops. At the
receiving radio the full message arrives in pieces that are 22 bytes or less and
reassembled to form the original message. There are 2 buffer modes that determine how
the message is reassembled.
3.2.4.12.1 Packet Mode
Many protocols use a characteristic gap in time to separate adjacent messages. Modbus
is an example of this type of protocol. If this is the case, Packet buffer mode is selected.
The adjacent 22-byte long radio messages are buffered until this gap is detected. When
detected, the radio interprets this as a protocol packet worth of data and sends it out the
serial port.
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3.2.4.12.2 Character Mode
If the protocol uses a special symbol to denote the end of a message or an encoded packet
size, then Character buffer mode must be selected. This setting sends the data out the
serial port as soon as it arrives over the air. Allen Bradleys DF1 is an example of a
protocol that requires a character buffer mode setting.
3.2.4.13 Defaults
Button sets all parameters on the menu screen back to their factory default values.
3.2.4.14 Set Radio
Button downloads the parameters from the SCADALinkSM software to the radio. If you
choose all your parameters, you must complete the configuration by clicking this button
otherwise, the radio is not updated with your new parameters.
3.2.4.15 Radio Parameters Specific to the SMX-900
There are additional parameters that are only applicable to the SMX-900 radio. They are
accessed by selecting the “Setup” button in the main menu just to the right of the SMX900 Radio button. A new submenu will appear as follows:
Figure 12: SMX-900 Click Setup Button for additional SMX-900 Parameters
Figure 13: SXM-900 Additional Parameters Menu
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3.2.4.15.1 Emulation Mode
There are four different modes the SMX-900 radio can operate in. See the General
Overview Fig.1 for a description of the different modes. All radios in a network must
have the same emulation mode
3.2.4.15.2 PLC Address
If operating in either Modicon PLC or Allen Bradley Emulation Mode, you must assign a
PLC address to all radios – whether they’re configured as a master, slave or repeater.
Each radio in the same system must have a unique PLC address. Values range from 0 to
254. NOTE: In hardware configuration, there are only 128 PLC addresses available.
3.2.4.15.3 Main Serial Port
This allows the SMX-900’s serial port to be configured as RS232, RS485 or RS422.
RS485 is a 2-wire half duplex standard whereas RS422 is a 4-wire full duplex standard.
If an SM-900 is used, there are 2 active serial ports and configuring the “Main” port will
cause the other port to be the remote diagnostic port. For instance, if the RS232 port is
selected as the primary port, the RS485/422 port becomes the remote diagnostics port. In
this case, all programming and data transfer occur through the primary RS232 port and
the online monitoring and diagnostics goes through the RS485/422 port.
NOTE:
1. For the SM-900, the secondary remote diagnostics port settings are not user
configurable. They are fixed at 19.2 KBaud, no parity, 8 data bits, one stop bit and no
handshaking.
2. For the SM-900, If you wish to program the radio through the RS232 port, but
wish to transfer data through the RS485 port, you should do all the programming
first with the DIP switches set to RS-232 and then set the DIP switches to
RS485/422.
3. For both the SMX-900 and SM-900, if you are programming the radio through its
RS232 port but desire to send data through the RS485/422 port, after you select
this port as your Main Serial Port and download these settings to the radio, you
will no longer be able to program it through the RS232 port. If you need to make
changes to the radios configuration through the SCADALinkSM software, you can
either program it through the RS485/422 port (via RS232/RS485 converter) OR
follow this procedure to reset the radio so the RS232 port is the Main Serial Port
for programming and data transfer
Procedure to reset RS232 as the Primary port:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Remove the plastic housing from the radio.
Set Config 3, switch 1 to the ON position.
Ensure that all other switches are in the OFF position.
Apply power to the radio for 10 seconds and then remove power.
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5. Set Config 3, switch 1 back to the OFF position and re-install the plastic housing.
6. The radio can now be programmed through its RS-232 port.
You can now program the radio through the RS232 port. Some of the other configuration
settings may be changed, so it will be important to review all settings in the software
before downloading them to the radio. The COM port settings for the radio will likely be
different from your previous settings. Therefore use the “Auto-Configure” capability to
determine these settings, under the “Projects”, “Configure Com Ports…” dialog box.
3.2.4.15.4 Sleep Mode
Radios programmed for slave operation can be put to “sleep” between polls to reduce
power consumption. There are two different sleep modes, “Wake up on PLC Poll” and
“Programmable”.
3.2.4.15.4.1 Wake Up on PLC Poll
If “Wake up on PLC Poll” is selected, the radio remains powered on at all times, however
it removes power from the I/O modules connected to it until that specific radio is polled
by the PLC. Once it has been polled, it will apply power to the I/O modules connected to
it for the time period specified in the Radio ON Time and Radio OFF Time.
3.2.4.15.4.2 Programmable
This is the lowest power consumption mode. If “Programmable” sleep mode is selected,
the radio and all I/O modules are put into a low power sleep mode turning both the radio
and I/O power off. When the module reaches the programmed “Start Time”, it wakes up
and powers the radio and the I/O modules at the Start Time. An onboard Watchdog
timer still requires power, so power should not be completely disconnected from the
radio. An on-board battery inside the SMX-900 will provide power to the timer but
cannot power the radio.
NOTE: the radio cannot be programmed or communicated with when in Programmable
sleep mode.
When using the “Programmable” sleep mode, the start time, relative to the Current Time
or PC clock, determines when the radio goes back to full power mode and can respond to
PLC polls. The radio will remain in full power mode until the Radio ON Time has
elapsed. At this point the Radio OFF Time begins and the radio will remain off until the
time entered has elapsed. The radio will continue to cycle on and off until the next Start
Time. At that point the cycle will reset and begin again.
When all parameters have been configured, click the Apply button to return to the main
menu. Clicking the Defaults button will reset all values in the sub menu back to their
factory default settings.
3.2.5 SAVING ALL PARAMETERS
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Finally, when ALL parameters have been configured, click the Set Radio button to
download all parameters to the radio.
NOTE: Unless the Set Radio button is clicked, none of the parameters will be uploaded
to the radio.
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3.3 HARDWARE DIP SWITCH CONFIGURATION
Hardware configuration consists of setting a number of switches to configure a system.
The logical sequence is:
1.
2.
3.
Transceiver configuration
I/O Module configuration
Host and Serial Field Equipment configuration
3.3.1 SMX-900 / SM-900 Transceiver Configuration
The first thing to configure is the transceiver DIP switches. Refer to the Fig.5 to see how
to remove the cover to access the DIP switches then use Appendix D, SMX-900 DIP
switch settings to configure each one.
3.3.1.1 Configure the Operating Mode
Consult General Overview Fig.1 to select the operating mode that best fits your system
requirements and set the appropriate set of DIP switches. The relevant DIP switches are
CONFIG3-5 and CONFIG4-1 and CONFIG4-8.
3.3.1.2 Configure each transceiver as a Master or a Slave
Every system requires one and only one Master but one or more Slaves. A typical PointMultipoint system will have one Master and many Slaves. The relevant DIP switches are
CONFIG3-3, 4 NOTE: Repeaters are only configurable through software.
3.3.1.3 Configure RF ID and Network ID
All transceivers communicating with each other must have the same RF ID and Network
ID’s (CONFIG1 and CONFIG2 DIP switches). If you are installing a second SMX-900
system in the same area as your first, you will need to set RF ID and Network ID of the
second system different than the first system to isolate them from each other.
3.3.1.4 Configure Port and Data Parameters
Set the primary serial port. For the SMX-900, there is only one serial port. Choose which
of RS232 or RS485/RS422 to configure. For the SM-900, there are 2 active serial ports.
Setting this DIP switch selects the primary serial port that will be used for primary data
communications. The other port is then used by the SM-900 as a remote diagnostic port.
If RS232 port is configured for any of the above, the RS232 port parameters such as
Baud Rate, Parity, Stop Bits must be also be configured. The relevant DIP switches are
CONFIG3-2, 6,7 & 8.
NOTE: For the SM-900, the secondary remote diagnostics port settings are not user
configurable. They are fixed at 19.2 KBaud, no parity, 8 data bits, one stop bit and no
handshaking
3.3.1.5 Configure the PLC addresses
If PLC Emulation mode (Mode 2 or 3) is used.
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PLC Emulation mode is the SMX-900’s most commonly used mode. In this mode, a Host
in a Point-to-Multipoint system can access field I/O connected to SMX-900 I/O modules
at the Slave site via Modbus RTU (Mode 2) or AB DF1 (Mode 3) protocols. A Host
polling the SMX-900 I/O modules treats them as if they were Modbus RTU or AB DF1
Slaves respectively. The relevant DIP switches are CONFIG4-2 to 8.
NOTES: It is recommended that the Master site PLC address be set to 0. Also, SMX-900
I/O modules are only accessible in PLC emulation mode.
When a Modbus or Allen Bradley DF1 polled system is configured (mode 2 or 3
respectively) the SCADA Host will access field I/O and two types of address information
are required:
•
•
PLC addresses for all the sites
PLC Register map for all the I/O modules used at each site
This information needs to be configured in 3 separate areas:
1. PLC addresses are configured into each transceiver (via DIP switch)
2. Register addresses are configured into each I/O module (via Rotary switch) for
the particular Slave site.
3. Both PLC and Register addresses are configured into the Host.
Transceiver PLC address configuration has already been discussed above. The following
2 sections discuss I/O module and Host configuration.
3.3.2 I/O Module Register Address / Rotary Switch Configuration
3.3.2.1 Rotary Switch Settings
On the top of each I/O module (except the A8D4) there is an 8-position Rotary switch
used to assign a specific register address range to the I/O module. There is a maximum of
8 ranges indicated by numbers 1 to 8. A range is selected by rotating the switch with a
NOTE: The A8D4
screwdriver until it clicks into the desired position (see Fig.4)
module is a special I/O module that has no Rotary switch to set. Instead the first 5
register address ranges are already pre-assigned.
For each Slave site, the maximum number of I/O modules is:
•
•
8 regular modules or
1 High Density A8D4 (5 positions) plus 3 regular modules.
When an A8D4 is used, it automatically takes up positions 1 to 5; leaving only positions
6 to 8 to choose for any remaining I/O module. In general, once an I/O module is set to a
switch position, no other module can be assigned to that position. For instance, if a DI8
module is assigned to position 1, then no other modules can be assigned to position 1.
Full details of the register addresses are given in Appendix C, Modbus and AB DF1 I/O
Module Address Mapping. Here, Module # is equivalent to Rotary Switch position.
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Successive modules must be assigned to the remaining positions that are available. See
configuration example 1 for a detailed example.
WARNING: Setting 2 I/O modules to the same rotary switch position (register address)
will result in an address conflict.
Figure 14: Setting the Rotary Switch
3.3.2.2 AO4 or DO8 Fault State Condition
If AO4 or DO8 module is used, it is necessary to specify how the outputs will react on a
RF signal failure. For each output, this can be configured for “Return to 0” or “Remain in
last state”. These are configured by DIP switches and shown in Fig.21. Open the cover to
access these switches.
3.3.2.3 A8D4 Analog Input Range
If A8D4 is used, each Analog input’s range can be set to either 4-20mA/1-5V or 0-20mA/
0-5V. These are configured by a DIP switch as shown in Fig.22. Open the cover to access
this switch. NOTE: If current inputs are required, it will be necessary to insert a
precision 250 ohm resistors to convert current to voltage as shown in Fig.22 as well.
3.3.3 Host and Serial Field Equipment Configuration
3.3.3.1 Serial Port Parameters
Configure the Host and Field Equipment (PC, PLC or RTU) Serial Port and Data
parameters to match the Master and Slave transceiver parameters respectively (which
were configured in Steps 1 above).
3.3.3.2 PLC Addresses
Enter all the transceiver PLC addresses that were configured in Step 1 above into the
Host PLC address table.
3.3.3.3 Register Addresses
The Rotary switch positions that were configured in Step 2 above are used to determine
the actual Register address used by the Host to access the field I/O. To do this, consult
Table 5 and 6 above to determine which register addresses are associated with each of the
Rotary switch positions you have set in Step 2 above. The Rotary switch position is
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indicated in these Tables by Module #. When an A8D4 I/O module is used, remember
that it automatically takes up the first 5 address ranges. In Table 5 and 6, the cells with
Asterisks indicate A8D4 address ranges. It is highly recommended to take a look at
configuration example 1 to learn the details of how to configure Register addresses into
the Host.
3.3.3.4 Analog Register Scaling
Scale all the analog inputs and outputs using the following formula:
All of the analog values are scaled using the following formulas:
(Register Value) * 5
Voltage Input = -----------------------------------V
32,767
(X V * 32,767)
Voltage Output = ------------------------------------V
5
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3. 4 CONFIGURATION EXAMPLES
It is strongly recommended to study the following examples to learn how to configure
properly. Hardware configuration with DIP switches is shown here. For Software
configuration, replace DIP switches with the equivalent software command.
•
•
Example 1 shows how to set up a Polled system via PLC Emulation (Mode 2 or 3)
Example 2 shows how to set up an End-to-End I/O Telemetry system (Mode 4)
3.4.1 EXAMPLE 1: POLLED MB-RTU SYSTEM USING A8D4 (MODE 2)
Configure a Modbus SMX-900 system to monitor : 2 Pulse Inputs, 4 4-20mA current
loops & 18 Switches and to control 4 Relays and 4 4-20mA current loops
Since Modbus RTU is used, we need to configure “Operating Mode 2” for both Master
and Slave transceiver and use the Modbus RTU Register Map in Appendix C
3.4.1.1 Determine the type and quantity of I/O Modules required for this site.
The A8D4 modules high I/O density makes it cost effective for this kind of application.
The A8D4 has 8 inputs and 4 outputs. They can be assigned like this:
8 inputs = 2 Pulse inputs + 4 current loops + 2 of the 18 switch inputs and 4 outputs = 4
relay coils. That leaves 16 switches to monitor and 4 loops to control. We can add 2 DI8
modules for the 16 switches and 1 AO4 module for the 4 current loops. The total
requirement is therefore: 1 A8D4, 2 DI8 & 1 AO4. NOTE: when configuring a system
that has an A8D4 module, configure it first since it occupies the first 5 I/O address blocks
1-5. Any additional I/O modules must have their I/O addresses (i.e. rotary switch
position) starting at 6 and ending at 8.
3.4.1.2 Determine which A8D4 terminals to connect Field I/O to
The A8D4 is a high-density module with multiple functions on each pin. It is necessary to
refer to the A8D4’s side label (see Fig.25) legend that shows the function of each input
pin. From this legend, we see that while all 8 inputs can be used for Loop (A) and Switch
(D), only the first 4 can be used for Pulse (P). If we use the first 2 inputs for Pulses, then
the remaining 6 inputs can be used for the Loop and Switch inputs:
1.
2.
3.
4.
2 Pulse Inputs to IN1 and IN2
4 Analog Inputs to IN3 to IN6
2 Digital Inputs to IN7 and IN8
4 Digital Outputs to DO1 to DO4
3.4.1.3 Determine the specific register address that needs to be configured in the
Host to access all the field I/O connected to the Slave site I/O modules.
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This is simple for a standard I/O module like the DI8 or AO4 module because each I/O
pin has only one register address associated with it. It is a bit more involved when an
A8D4 I/O module is used owing to its multiplexed pin function design. The Table below
shows this multiplexed function clearly. This Table is constructed by combining the
address range assignment information found on the top face of the A8D4 (Fig.24) with
the specific Modbus RTU address info found in the Modbus address Table in Appendix
C. A similar Table can be constructed if the A8D4 is used in an Allen Bradley DF1
system.
Table 5: A8D4: Modbus Register Addresses associated with each I/O Pin
Pin
Name
Field
I/O
IN1
IN2
IN3
IN4
IN5
IN6
IN7
IN8
DO1
DO2
DO3
DO4
PI
PI
AI
AI
AI
AI
DI
DI
DO
DO
DO
DO
AI Address /
module position
module
1
module
2
40017
40018
40019
40020
40033
40034
40035
40036
DI Address /
module position
normal
packed
module
10049
40151:0
3
10050
40151:1
10051
40151:2
10052
40151:3
10053
40151:4
10054
40151:5
40151:6
10055
40151:7
10056
DO Address /
module position
normal packed
PI Address /
module position
module
5
module
4
00065
00066
00067
00068
40081-40082
40083-40084
40085-40086
40087-40088
40153:1
40153:2
40153:3
40153:4
The above Table shows which I/O (and associated Modbus register address) is available
for any particular A8D4 pin. Each pin occupies one row while each type of I/O occupies
a column.
For example from looking at the table we can see that:
•
•
•
IN1-IN4 has 3 possible types of I/O: Analog, Digital and Pulse inputs
IN5-IN8 has 2 possible types of I/O: Analog or Digital inputs
DO1-DO8 has only 1: Digital output
When a particular type of I/O is connected to the A8D4 input pin, the corresponding
matching register address must be selected and configured into the Host. The “Field I/O”
column of the above Table shows our particular Field I/O pin assignment. In this Table,
the register addresses in bold are the ones which best match the input and are the ones we
would configure into the Host. For Pulse inputs, there are 2 counters occupying the
following address positions:
Table 6: A8D4 Pulse Input Mapping
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Pulse Counter
PI 1
PI 2
PI 3
PI 4
Input
Terminal
IN 1
IN 2
IN 3
IN 4
Low Counter
Addresses
40081
40083
40085
40087
High Counter
Addresses
40082
40084
40086
40088
Once the A8D4 register addresses have been determined, it is easy to determine the rest
of the I/O module’s register addresses. In this example, after the A8D4 module has been
configured, there are 3 modules left and 3 module positions. If we assign the 2 DI8’s to
module position 6 and 7 and the AO4 to position 8, we are finished.
The Table below shows the entire register mapping for all I/O modules used at this site in
this configuration example. The first module in the Table is the A8D4 followed by the
others in consecutive order. Each row is one Register address.
The greyed out I/O shows what’s available for that pin while an “X” marks the type of
Field I/O actually connected to the pin. Note that the table shows redundancy because
each module shows all the I/O pins plus the actual Field I/O connected to the I/O pin.
Each row that is bold is the module register address that is actually configured into the
Host. This Register address is the one that best matches the type of Field I/O connected to
the pin.
Bentek Systems Ltd.
page 36 of 71
SMX-900 / SM900 User Manual V1.00A
Table 7: Assigned Register Mapping for Configuration Example 1
I/O
Module
Module
#
Module
Type of I/O
Register
AI
DI
PI
Addresses
A8D4
1
no
40017
X
no
40018
X
YES
40019
X
Analog
YES
40020
X
no
40021
Inputs
N/A
no
40022
no
40023
no
40024
2
YES
40033
X
YES
40034
X
no
10035
X
Analog
no
10036
X
no
40037
Inputs
N/A
no
40038
no
40039
no
40040
3
no
10049
X
no
10050
X
no
10051
X
Digital
no
10052
X
no
10053
X
Inputs
no
10054
X
YES
10055
X
YES
10056
X
4
YES
00065
YES
00066
YES
00067
Digital
YES
00068
no
00069
Outputs no
N/A
00070
no
00071
no
00072
5
YES
40081-40082
X
YES
40083-40084
X
Pulse
no
40085-40086 X
Inputs
no
40087-40088 X
DI8
6
X
YES
10097-10104
DI8
7
YES
10113-10120
X
AO4
8
YES
10137
YES
10138
YES
10139
YES
10140
no
10141
N/A
no
10142
no
10143
no
10144
*Grey areas mark all the configurable I/O for that I/O pin.
Bentek Systems Ltd.
Host
Access
page 37 of 71
AO
DO
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
I/O
Pin
IN1
IN2
IN 3
IN 4
Field I/O
associated with
I/O pin
Pulse 1
Pulse 2
Input Loop1
Input Loop2
IN 5
IN 6
IN 7
IN 8
Input Loop3
Input Loop4
Switch 1
Switch 2
IN1
IN2
IN 3
IN 4
IN 5
IN 6
IN 7
IN 8
DO 1
DO 2
DO 3
DO 4
Pulse 1
Pulse 2
Input Loop1
Input Loop2
Input Loop3
Input Loop4
Switch 1
Switch 2
Relay Out 1
Relay Out 2
Relay Out 3
Relay Out 4
IN 1
IN 2
IN3
IN4
DI1-8
DI1-8
AO1-4
AO1-4
AO1-4
AO1-4
Pulse 1
Pulse 2
Input Loop1
Input Loop2
Switch 3-10
Switch 11-18
Output Loop1-4
Output Loop1-4
Output Loop1-4
Output Loop1-4
SMX-900 / SM900 User Manual V1.00A
3.4.2 EXAMPLE 2: END-TO-END I/O TELEMETRY SYSTEM (MODE 4)
8 AI at site A must be telemetered to site B and 4 DI at site B must be telemetered back
to site A. Configure a system to do this.
This simple I/O exchange between 2 sites is an example of an End-to-End I/O Telemetry
application so we must configure the SMX-900 transceiver DIP switches to Operating
Mode 4 (Fig.1 and Appendix D ).
One could use the following I/O modules:
•
•
2 AI4 & 1 DO8 at site A
2 A04 & 1 DI8 at site B
But it’s actually possible to use the higher density A8D4 in such applications as well. A
more cost effective solution utilizes an A8D4 module at one of the sites. At site A, we
can replace the 2 AI4 and 1 DO8 modules with 1 A8D4; the A8D4 exactly matches site
A’s I/O requirements of 8 AI and 4 DO.
Set Rotary switches of site B I/O modules to match the corresponding I/O in the site AN
A8D4. The A8D4 module’s fixed I/O register address settings are read off the Top face
of the module (Fig.24).
Table 8: A8D4 I/O Register Mapping
Site A
Module
A8D4
Fixed Module
Mapping
1
2
5
Site A
I/O
8 AI
4 DO
Site B
I/O
4 AO
4 AO
4 DI
Rotary
Switch
1
2
5
Site B
Module
AO4
AO4
DI8
The A8D4 Status LED can be used for troubleshooting Mode 4 operation:
•
•
•
•
ON SOLID when there is at least one correctly configured module in the (1-5)
range and no incorrectly configured modules on the opposite radio.
FLASHES at a 1Hz rate if there is any incorrectly configured module in the (1-5)
range on the opposite radio.
OFF when there are no modules in the (1-5) range on the opposite radio.
FLASHES at a 10Hz rate if the A8D4 board has not been ‘analog power’
configured. This is a factory configuration error and the module should be
returned to Bentek Systems to be reconfigured.
Bentek Systems Ltd.
page 38 of 71
SMX-900 / SM900 User Manual V1.00A
4 ASSEMBLY & BENCH TESTING
1. Connect a 50-Ohm dummy load to each antenna connector.
2. Connect a regulated 9 to 30VDC Power Supply to SMX-900 Master and Slave
Transceiver modules.
3. Apply power and check LED status:
Table 9: LED Status
UNIT
Master
Slave
RF LED
On solid
On solid
Flashing
period = 2 Hz
Flashing
period = 0.5
Hz
Status
OK
OK
Weak RF Link.
No RF Link
Things to Check
Check connections, measure RSSI,
move dummy loads closer together
Check configuration &
connections
4. Configure Host and Remote equipment
Look at the configuration documentation shipped with each SMX-900 / SM-900
transceiver and determine which unit is the Master and which ones are the Slaves (OR
if you are configuring yourself, refer to your own documentation). Configure your
Host equipment settings to match the Master (see Host Configuration section for
details) and any Field equipment settings to match the Slave configuration (i.e. baud
rates, protocol selected, Slave address info, type of Serial Port, etc…)
If there are SMX-900 I/O modules used at any Slave sites, configure the register
mapping of the I/O modules used at the respective Slave sites into your Host as well
(consult the Host Configuration section for detailed instructions).
5. Check Slave RSSI Signal Strength
In a Point-to-Multipoint system, the RSSI is measured on the Slave unit since only
one Master can talk to that Slave.
Measure RSSI Signal Levels on each Slave Transceiver by using a D.C. Voltmeter
with probe (+) on the RSSI Testpoint and probe (-) on GND. This testpoint gives a 05V Signal.
Bentek Systems Ltd.
page 39 of 71
SMX-900 / SM900 User Manual V1.00A
Figure 15: RSSI Measurements
Table 10: RSSI Values
RSSI MEASUREMENT
2.0 to 2.5
2.5 or greater
STATUS
Marginal RF Link
Solid RF Link
In a bench test, RSSI should definitely be 2.5V or greater.
6. Turn power off & connect Host and Remote Serial equipment
If the LEDs indicate good communications, turn the power off and connect the Host
and Remote serial equipment to the Master and Slave Transceivers respectively. See
the Wiring section for details.
7. If I/O modules are used, connect them together
If SMX-900 I/O modules are required at a Slave site, attach the module to the Slave
transceiver unit for that site. Each I/O module has a 5 pin molded male connector on
one side and a 5 pin molded female connector on the other. I/O modules are designed
to easily snap together as shown in the Figure below.
Figure 16: Module Interconnection
Bentek Systems Ltd.
page 40 of 71
SMX-900 / SM900 User Manual V1.00A
I/O modules are position-independent and can be attached to the left or right of the
Transceiver and in any physical order. A maximum of 8 standard I/O modules can be
attached to a single SMX transceiver. NOTE : When using an A8D4 I/O module, this
particular module takes up the equivalent of 5 slot positions so only 3 more standard
I/O modules can be added.
Figure 17: I/O Modules are Position Independent
8. If standard I/O modules are used, configure their rotary switches
Set the Rotary switch (found on the top faceplate of each standard I/O module):
•
•
•
One SMX transceiver (i.e. one site) can support a maximum of 8 regular I/O
modules.
Using a screwdriver, each I/O module is assigned to one unique address range
by setting the Rotary switch into 1 of 8 possible switch positions.
The A8D4 module is a special hi-density module. It doesn’t come with any
rotary switch and it’s I/O register mapping is fixed to the first 5 positions 1-5.
When an A8D4 is used, therefore, only 3 other I/O modules can be added
occupying Rotary Switch positions 6 to 8.
Figure 18: Setting Rotary Switch Position
Bentek Systems Ltd.
page 41 of 71
SMX-900 / SM900 User Manual V1.00A
9. Connect instrument cables to I/O modules
Connect Instrument cables to your I/O modules as per the Wiring drawings shown in
the Wiring section. NOTE : If you have field instruments presently installed in the
field, it may be more convenient during benchtop testing to simply use 4-20mA loop
calibrators and switches and relays to simulate your field devices).
10. Perform Host Polling Test
Power up the entire system; check for the proper status LED indications then begin a
Host test to poll all the SMX I/O. If you are reading field I/O and using field
simulators, simulate your analog and digital field values and check on your Host
program that you are reading the correct values. If you are writing I/O to the Slaves,
check your I/O devices to see if they see the analog or digital values coming through
on the Slave side. If you also have Serial equipment connected, perform a
communication test to your Serial device as well. Check to ensure you have proper
communication to all your field devices. Perform a steady polling test for a fixed
number of polls and check your statistics to see if you are getting good, consistent
polling.
11. Proceed to Field Installation
If the system passes all bench tests, then it is ready for field installation.
Bentek Systems Ltd.
page 42 of 71
SMX-900 / SM900 User Manual V1.00A
5 FIELD INSTALLATION
1. Connect antenna to each SMX-900 / SM-900 antenna connector. Use appropriate
cables and Lightning Arrestor.
2. Connect a regulated 9 to 30VDC Power Supply to SMX-900 Master and Slave
Transceiver modules.
3. Connect Antenna and Antenna cables
Yagi antennas must be used for a Point-to-Point system. For a Point-to-Multipoint
system, an Omni is used at the Master (Point) and Yagi’s are used at the Slaves
(Multipoint). Antenna leads should be as short as possible. If cable run is 100 ft. or
less, use LMR-400 or equivalent antenna cable. If cable run exceeds 100 ft., use
LMR-600 or equivalent cable. Ensure connectors are good quality and won’t pull off.
Consult Fig.23: Antenna Installation drawing in the back.
4. Apply power and check LED status
Make sure that the Master is turned on first before proceeding to Remote Slave sites.
Table 11: LED Status
UNIT
Master
Slave
RF LED
On solid
On solid
Flashing
period = 2 Hz
Status
OK
OK
Weak RF Link.
No RF Link
Flashing
period = 0.5
Hz
Things to Check
Check connections & measure
RSSI while aligning antenna
towards Master
Check configuration & antenna
connections
5. Check Slave RSSI Signal Strength
In a Point-to-Multipoint system, the RSSI is measured on the Slave unit since only
one Master can poll that Slave. Document the RSSI level for future reference.
Measure RSSI Signal Levels on each Slave Transceiver by using a D.C. Voltmeter
with probe (+) on the RSSI Testpoint and probe (-) on GND. This testpoint gives a 05V Signal.
Bentek Systems Ltd.
page 43 of 71
SMX-900 / SM900 User Manual V1.00A
Figure 19: RSSI Measurements
Table 12: RSSI Values
RSSI MEASUREMENT (Volts)
2.0 to 2.5
2.5 or greater
STATUS
Marginal RF Link
Solid RF Link
During a bench test, RSSI should definitely be 2.5V or greater. In the field, if it is
less, then antenna heights may need to increased or antenna direction checked if
YAGIs are used.
6. Turn power off & connect Host and Remote Serial equipment
If the LEDs indicate good communications, turn the power off and connect the Host
and Remote serial equipment to the Master and Slave Transceivers respectively. See
the Wiring section for details.
7. Connect instrument cables to any I/O modules that are used
Connect Instrument cables to your I/O modules as per the Wiring drawings shown in
the Wiring section.
8. Perform Host Polling Test
Power up the entire system, check for the proper status LED indications then begin a
Host test to poll all the SMX I/O. Check to ensure you have proper communication to
all your field devices. Perform a steady polling test for a fixed number of polls and
check your statistics to see if you are getting good, consistent polling. This is the final
step. The system is now ready to operate.
Bentek Systems Ltd.
page 44 of 71
SMX-900 / SM900 User Manual V1.00A
6 WIRING DIAGRAMS
Figure 20: SMX-900 Transceiver Wiring Diagram
Bentek Systems Ltd.
page 45 of 71
SMX-900 / SM900 User Manual V1.00A
Figure 21: SMX-900 / SM-900 Transceiver: RS-232 Wiring Details
Bentek Systems Ltd.
page 46 of 71
SMX-900 / SM900 User Manual V1.00A
Figure 22: SMX-900 I/O Module Wiring Diagram
Bentek Systems Ltd.
page 47 of 71
SMX-900 / SM900 User Manual V1.00A
0-5V/0-20mA
NOTE:
1-5V/4-20mA
RANGE DIP SWITCH
IS ACCESSIBLE BY
REMOVING COVER
250 OHM
+
LOOP POWERED
CURRENT
TRANSMITTER
-
+
24VDC
250 OHM
+
-
24VDC
SELF POWERED
CURRENT
TRANSMITTER
+
24VDC
RELAY COIL
+
24VDC
BENTEK SYSTEMS LTD.
#315, 3750 - 46th Ave S.E.
Calgary, AB, T2B 0L1
Tel: (403) 243-5135 Fax:(403) 243-5165
TITLE
SMX-900
A8D4 Wiring Diagram
DATE Feb 5/04
SCALE
NTS
COMPANY:
LOCATION:
.
.
REV
DRAWN BY
JW
CHECKED BY
JM
DA/MO/YR
DESCRIPTION
DRAWING No.
SMX900_wiring-A8D4
Figure 23: SMX-900 A8D4 Module Wiring Diagram
Bentek Systems Ltd.
page 48 of 71
SMX-900 / SM900 User Manual V1.00A
Figure 24: SMX Antenna & Field Installation Diagram
Bentek Systems Ltd.
page 49 of 71
SMX-900 / SM900 User Manual V1.00A
7 – SPECIFICATIONS
SMX-900 / SM-900 Transceiver - Radio Specifications
Range
Frequency
Transmit Power
Channel Hopping
Bit Error Rates
Rx Sensitivity
Unit ID
Antenna Connector
Antenna Impedance
Approved Antenna Gain
Radio Approvals
RSSI
15-20 miles line-of-sight with Yagi antennas, 10-15 miles with omni antennas
902 – 928MHz (North America License Free ISM Band)
1 Watt
FHSS – 256 channels
10e-6 BER at –106dBm without error correction
< -110dB
16 bit coding of each transceiver group
MCX (female)
50 ohms
6dB maximum
FCC ID (USA): IA9FHOEM900, ISC (Canada):1338104550A
0-5VDC from RSSI pin.
SMX-900 / SM-900 Transceiver - Serial Data
PLC Protocols
Serial Protocols & Ports
Baud Rates
Data Format
Flow Control
Modbus RTU and AB DF1 Half Duplex
RS-232: DB9F, RS-485/422 (2-wire or 4 wire half duplex): T.B. (SMX-900 only), RS232 for Diagnostics fixed at 19.2Kbd: 6 pin mini DIN (SM-900 only)
300 to 38,400 baud
Asynchronous – 7 Data, even parity or 8 Data, No parity; 1 stop bit
RTS/CTS or None
SMX-900 / SM-900 Transceiver - General
Power
Power Consumption
Protection
Wiring Connections
Link Failure Relay
Mounting
Dimensions
Case Material
Weight
Temperature Range
Environmental Rating
Approvals
LED RF Link
LED Tx Data
LED Rx Data
Switches
9 – 30VDC regulated
Average: 2.5 Watts
Peak:
4.1 Watts
Reverse Power and Power Line Surge
Screw type removable terminal blocks 12-24 AWG
NO Dry contact. Under normal operation with good RF, relay contact is energized and
closed. Under RF link failure condition, contact de-energizes and opens.
35mm DIN rail mount
3.9” x 1.2” x 4.6” (length x width x height) or (99mm x 30mm x 117mm)
Plastic
5.5 oz (175 grams)
-40 to 70C (-40 to 158F)
NEMA 1 (equivalent to IP 30)
Class I, Div 2, Groups A, B, C & D, UL and CSA (pending)
MASTER: ON SOLID if transceiver receives good serial data from Host
SLAVE: ON SOLID when there is solid connection
FLASHES 0.5 Hz when there is an RF link error
FLASHES 1 Hz to indicate weak RF signal
FLASHES quickly when there is a configuration parameter error
FLASHES to indicate data is being transmitted on the RF channel
FLASHES to indicate data is being received from the RF channel
4 Internal 8 positions DIP switches for general H/W config. Accessed by removing cover.
I/O Modules - Common Specifications
Temperature
Humidity
Power
Wiring Connections
Mounting
Dimensions
Case Material
Approvals
Environmental Rating
Bentek Systems Ltd.
-40 to 158F (-40 to 70C)
20% to 90% (non-condensing)
Supplied through transceiver
Screw type removable terminal blocks 12-24 AWG
35mm DIN rail mount
3.9” x 1.2” x 4.6” (length x width x height)
(99mm x 30mm x 117mm)
Plastic
Class I, Div 2, Groups A, B, C & D, UL/C (pending on Combination Module only)
NEMA 1 (equivalent to IP 30)
page 50 of 71
SMX-900 / SM900 User Manual V1.00A
AO4 - Analog Output Module Specifications
Outputs
Range
Register Addressing
Minimum Loop Voltage
Drop
LED
Weight
Channel Isolation
Short Circuit Protection
Repeatability
Resolution
Accuracy
Compatibility
Power Consumption
Switches
Four (4) Analog Outputs
4-20mA
Via front panel 8-position rotary switch. See Table 5 and 6
10V
One (1) Status LED
3.9 oz (125 grams)
Optically Isolated
Yes
0.02% of full scale
16 bit
0.12% of full scale
2-wire, 3-wire and 4-wire devices
100mA maximum
Internal 4 position DIP switches for Hardware configuration of Output Failure Mode
accessed by removing cover, 8 position Rotary switch for Register Address range
AI4 - Analog Input Module Specifications
Inputs
Range
Register Addressing
Input Impedance
LED
Weight
Channel Isolation
Reverse
Polarity
Protection
Repeatability
Resolution
Over-voltage rating
Accuracy
Compatibility
Power Consumption
Switch
Four (4) Analog Inputs
4-20mA
Via front panel 8-position rotary switch. See Table 5 and 6
< 200 ohms
One (1) Status LED
3.6 oz (115 grams)
None – power supply connections are common with the transceivers power supply
Yes
0.02% of full scale
16 bit
42VDC maximum
0.2% of full scale
2-wire, 3-wire and 4-wire devices
100mA maximum
8 position Rotary switch for Register Address range
DI8 - Discrete Input Module Specifications
Inputs
Input Voltage Range
Register Addressing
Input Impedance
LED
Weight
Channel Isolation
Over-voltage rating
Power Consumption
Switch
Eight (8) Discrete Inputs
5-36VAC/DC
Via front panel 8-position rotary switch. See Table 5 and 6
20K ohms
Nine (9) Status LED – one for module status and eight (8) for discrete channel status
3.7 oz (120 grams)
Optical Isolation
100VAC/DC maximum
30mA maximum
8 position Rotary switch for Register Address range
DO8 - Discrete Output Module Specifications
Outputs
Contact Ratings
Output Terminals
Register Addressing
LED
Weight
Channel Isolation
Power Consumption
Bentek Systems Ltd.
Eight (8) Discrete Relay Outputs
2A @ 250VAC / 30VDC Res.
Normally Open Dry Contacts
Via front panel 8 positions Rotary switch. See Table 5 and 6
Nine (9) Status LED – one for module status and eight (8) for discrete channel status
4.5 oz (145 grams)
Full Isolation
160mA maximum
page 51 of 71
SMX-900 / SM900 User Manual V1.00A
A8D4 - Combination Module Specifications
IN (1 – 4)
IN (5 – 8)
DO (1 – 4)
Wiring Connections
IN Input Impedance
IN Over-voltage rating
IN Accuracy
IN Repeatability
IN Resolution
IN Update Period (Min.)
IN Analog Input Range 1
IN Analog Input Range 2
IN Analog Input Range Selection
IN Analog Input Types and Wiring
IN Analog Input Current Loop
IN Digital Input Max. Voltage
IN Digital Input ON Threshold
IN Digital Input OFF Threshold
IN Digital Input
Absolute Max. Voltage
IN Pulse Input Max. Frequency
IN Pulse Input Min. High PW
DO Type
DO Max. Sw. Voltage
DO Max. Sink Current
DO Max. Leakage Current
Register Mapping
(See Table 5 and 6)
Power Consumption
LED
4 Multiplexed Analog, Digital or Pulse Inputs
4 Multiplexed Analog or Digital Inputs
4 Dedicated Digital Outputs
Screw type removable terminal blocks 12-24 AWG
10k ohms
42VDC maximum
+/- 10mVDC
0.02% of full scale
10 bit +/- 1 bit
50msec (averaged analog readings)
4-20mA / 1-5VDC (This module reads Voltage only. If a Current signal is used,
an external 250 Ohm resistor is required to convert to Voltage )
0-20mA / 0-5VDC (This module reads Voltage only. If a Current signal is used,
an external 250 Ohm resistor is required to convert to Voltage )
Via Internal 8 Channel DIP switch SW1: ON= AI Range 1, OFF=AI Range 2
Input is actually voltage. To read current, convert via resistor.
0-5VDC/1-5VDC: Direct, 0-20mA/4-20mA: Convert current to voltage via
external 250 Ohm resistor
2-wire, 3-wire and 4-wire devices
5VDC
2.6 VDC
2.4 VDC
40VDC
100 Hz (based on 50% Duty Cycle Waveform)
5 msec
Open Collector
40VDC
500 mA per Channel
100uA
Module 1: Analog Inputs 1 to 4
Module 2: Analog Inputs 5 to 8
Module 3: Digital Inputs 1 to 8
Module 4: Digital Outputs 1 to 4
Module 5: Pulse Inputs 1 to 4
30mA Max. @ 24VDC
AT POWER UP the LED shall flash ON for 0.6 seconds to indicate a successful
processor start up.
Mode 4: End-to-End I/O Telemetry Indication:
Switches
External Protection
Bentek Systems Ltd.
ON SOLID when there is at least one correctly configured module in the (1-5)
range and no incorrectly configured modules on the opposite radio.
FLASHES at a 1Hz rate if there is any incorrectly configured module in the (1-5)
range on the opposite radio.
OFF when there are no modules in the (1-5) range on the opposite radio.
FLASHES at a 10Hz rate if the board has lost its ‘analog power’ factory
configuration. Send back to Bentek Systems for reprogramming.
Internal 8 position DIP switches for H/W configuration of AI range accessed by
removing cover, 8 position Rotary switch for Register Address range
6V DC Zener Diode on IN Inputs if required.
page 52 of 71
SMX-900 / SM900 User Manual V1.00A
FCC Rules and Compliance
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept
any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. Changes or
modifications not expressly approved by Phoenix Contact will void the users’ authority to operate
the equipment. This product is intended for fixed installation applications. In order to comply
with FCC/ISC adapted RF exposure requirements, installation of the transmitter systems antennas
must be performed in a manner that will provide at least a 6 foot (2m) clearance from the front
radiating aperture to any user or member of the public.
FCC
Part 15.247
ISC
RSS 210
CSA/C & US/UL
Class I, Div 2 (Groups A, B, C, D – pending)
Bentek Systems Ltd.
page 53 of 71
SMX-900 / SM900 User Manual V1.00A
APPENDIX A – Configuration Template
Table 13: SMX-900 Hardware Switch Configuration Template
SWITCH
NAME
SMX-900/
SM-900
CONFIG
1
SMX-900/
SM-900
CONFIG
2
SMX-900/
SM-900
CONFIG
3
SMX-900/
SM-900
CONFIG
4
A8D4
DIP1
SWITCH
POSITION
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Bentek Systems Ltd.
USER
SETTING
FUNCTION
RF ID
Net ID
NOTES:
All transceivers must have RFID set the same
to communicate with each other.
All transceivers must have Network ID set the
same to communicate with each other.
000000 is illegal
Radio ID
Set differently for each radio in the same
system.
1111 1111 is illegal
Configuration
Port
Mas/Sla/Rep
PLC
Data Type
Data Rate
PLC Mode
PLC Add1
PLC Add2
PLC Add3
PLC Add4
PLC Add5
PLC Add6
PLC Add7 /mode
AI range
page 54 of 71
1=Enable Hardware(DIP), 0=Enable Software
1=RS485/422, 0=RS232
0 Master 0 Slave
0
1
1=Ena., 0=Dis.
1=(N,8,1),0=(E,7,1)
0 1200 0 2400 1 9600 1 19200 Bd
0 Bd
1 Bd
0 Bd
1
If CONFIG3-5=1 then
CONFIG4-1=0=MB RTU=Mode 2
CONFIG4-1=1=AB DF1= Mode 3
PLC Add bits Add1 to Add7:
If CONFIG3-5=1 then
CONFIG4-8 = PLC Add7
If CONFIG3-5=0 then:
CONFIG4-8=0=Mode 1=Transparent Serial
CONFIG4-8=1=Mode 4=End-to-End I/O
Telemetry
1= 4-20mA/1-5V, 0=0-20mA/0-5V
SMX-900 / SM900 User Manual V1.00A
SWITCH
NAME
AO4
DIP1
DO8
DIP1
AO4
Rotary sw
AI4
Rotary sw
DI8
Rotary sw
DO8
Rotary sw
SWITCH
POSITION
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1 to 8
USER
SETTING
FUNCTION
NOTES:
Fault State
1= Maintain Last State, 0=Off
Fault State
1= Maintain Last State, 0=Off
Register address
range
Consult Appendix C for Modbus RTU and AB
DF1 Register Mapping
1 to 8
No 2 modules can have the same Rotary switch
position.
1 to 8
If A8D4 is used, no other module can occupy
Rotary switch positions 1 to 5.
1 to 8
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APPENDIX B – MODULE TOP & SIDE DRAWINGS
Figure 25: Top Face of SMX-900 Modules
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Figure 26: Side Face of SMX-900 Modules
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APPENDIX C – MODBUS & AB DF1 ADDRESS MAP
Table 14: I/O Module MODBUS RTU Register Map (CONFIG4-1 = OFF)
Lower 3
bits of
Address
1
2
3
4-16
17-24
25-32
33-40
41-48
49-56
57-64
65-72
73-80
81-88
00XXX (Digital Outputs
and Pulse Counter
Clearing Outputs)
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
* Module #1 digital outputs
* Reserved
* Module #2 digital outputs
* Reserved
* Module #3 digital outputs
* Reserved
* Module #4 digital outputs
* Reserved
* Module #5 digital outputs
OR Pulse Clearing Register
PI1=81…PI4=84; to clear,
write “0” then write “1”
10XXX (Digital Inputs)
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
* Module #1 digital inputs
* Reserved
* Module #2 digital inputs
* Reserved
* Module #3 digital inputs
* Reserved
* Module #4 digital inputs
* Reserved
* Module #5 digital inputs
89-96
97-104
105-112
113-120
121-128
129-136
137-144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
* Reserved
Module #6 digital outputs
Reserved
Module #7 digital outputs
Reserved
Module #8 digital outputs
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
* Reserved
Module #6 digital inputs
Reserved
Module #7 digital inputs
Reserved
Module #8 digital inputs
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
40XXX (Analog Inputs,
Analog Outputs & Pulse
Inputs)
RSSI
Power Supply Voltage
Temperature
Reserved
* Module #1 analog inputs
* Module #1 analog outputs
* Module #2 analog inputs
* Module #2 analog outputs
* Module #3 analog inputs
* Module #3 analog outputs
* Module #4 analog inputs
* Module #4 analog outputs
* Module #5 analog inputs
OR Pulse Inputs:
Low address = counter low
word,
High address = counter high
word
PI1=(81-82),
PI2=(83-84),
PI3=(85-86), PI4=(87-88)
* Module #5 analog outputs
Module #6 analog inputs
Module #6 analog outputs
Module #7 analog inputs
Module #7 analog outputs
Module #8 analog inputs
Module #8 analog outputs
Reserved
Reserved
Module #1 digital inputs
Module #1 digital outputs
Module #2 digital inputs
Module #2 digital outputs
Module #3 digital inputs
Module #3 digital outputs
Module #4 digital inputs
Module #4 digital outputs
Module #5 digital inputs
Module #5 digital outputs
Module #6 digital inputs
Module #6 digital outputs
Module #7 digital inputs
Module #7 digital outputs
Module #8 digital inputs
Module #8 digital outputs
* NOTE: These positions are occupied by A8D4 module when it is used.
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Table 15: I/O Module Allen-Bradley DF1 Memory Map (CONFIG4-1 = ON)
Address
B3:0/0-15
B3:1/0-15
B3:2/0-15
B3:3/0-15
B3:4/0-15
B3:5/0-15
B3:6/0-15
B3:7/0-15
B3:8/0-15
B3:9/0-15
B3:10/0-15
B3:11/0-15
B3:12/0-15
B3:13/0-15
B3:14/0-15
B3:15/0-15
B3:16/0-15
B3:17/0-15
N7:0
N7:1
N7:2
N7:3-15
N7:16-23
N7:24-31
N7:32-39
N7:40-47
N7:48-55
N7:56-63
N7:64-71
N7:72-79
N7:80-87
N7:88-95
N7:96-103
N7:104-111
N7:112-119
N7:120-127
N7:128-135
N7:136-143
N8:0/0-15
N8:1/0-15
N8:2/0-15
N8:3/0-15
N8:4/0-15
N8:5/0-15
Bentek Systems Ltd.
Description
Reserved
Reserved
* Module #1 digital inputs
* Module #1 digital outputs
* Module #2 digital inputs
* Module #2 digital outputs
* Module #3 digital inputs
* Module #3 digital outputs
* Module #4 digital inputs
* Module #4 digital outputs
* Module #5 digital inputs
* Module #5 digital outputs OR B3:11/0-3 for clearing Pulse Counters:
Pulse Clearing Register:
PI1=0…PI4=3; to clear, write “0” then write “1”
Module #6 digital inputs
Module #6 digital outputs
Module #7 digital inputs
Module #7 digital outputs
Module #8 digital inputs
Module #8 digital outputs
RSSI
Power Supply Voltage
Temperature
Reserved
* Module #1 analog inputs
* Module #1 analog outputs
* Module #2 analog inputs
* Module #2 analog outputs
* Module #3 analog inputs
* Module #3 analog outputs
* Module #4 analog inputs
* Module #4 analog outputs
* Module #5 analog inputs OR Pulse Inputs:
Low address is low word of counter, hi address is hi word of counter
PI1=(80-81), PI2=(82-83), PI3=(84-85), PI4=(86-87)
* Module #5 analog outputs
Module #6 analog inputs
Module #6 analog outputs
Module #7 analog inputs
Module #7 analog outputs
Module #8 analog inputs
Module #8 analog outputs
Reserved
Reserved
Module #1 digital inputs
Module #1 digital outputs
Module #2 digital inputs
Module #2 digital outputs
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N8:6/0-15
N8:7/0-15
N8:8/0-15
N8:9/0-15
N8:10/0-15
N8:11/0-15
N8:12/0-15
N8:13/0-15
N8:14/0-15
N8:15/0-15
N8:16/0-15
N8:17/0-15
Module #3 digital inputs
Module #3 digital outputs
Module #4 digital inputs
Module #4 digital outputs
Module #5 digital inputs
Module #5 digital outputs
Module #6 digital inputs
Module #6 digital outputs
Module #7 digital inputs
Module #7 digital outputs
Module #8 digital inputs
Module #8 digital outputs
* NOTE: These positions are occupied by A8D4 module when it is used.
In the above Tables, Module # is determined by the Rotary switch position
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APPENDIX D – SMX-900 DIP SW. SETTINGS
Table 16: SMX-900 Transceiver DIP Switch Settings
DIP
SWITCH
NAME
CONFIG 1
DIP
SWITCH
POSITION
1-2
RF Address
& Network
Address
3-8
CONFIG 2
1-8
Radio
Address
CONFIG 3
1
Hardware
Or
Software
configure
enable
2
3
4
Master or
Slave
5
PLC mode
(2 & 3)
enable
6
Data
Settings
7
8
CONFIG 4
1
AB or MB
2-7
PLC
Address
8
Mode 1 or
4 select
Bentek Systems Ltd.
PARAMETER OPTIONS
RF ID
Set the same for all SMX-900’s that will be communicating with each other. In
order to isolate 2 SMX-900 systems operating in the same area, RF ID of
system 1 is set different from RF ID of system 2.
Network ID
• NOTE: At least one of these switches must be turned ON.
• Set the same for all SMX-900’s communicating with each other. In order
to isolate 2 SMX-900 systems operating in the same area, Network ID of
system 1 is set different from Network ID of system 2.
Radio ID
• Set uniquely for each SMX-900.
• Don’t use address 255 (all ON). NOTE: 255 is an illegal switch state!
DIP or Software Config
ON = Enable DIP switch configuration and overrides any kind of software
configuration.
OFF = Enable Software configuration and overrides any hardware config.
Enable Active Port
ON = Enable RS485/RS422
OFF = Enable RS232
Master or Slave NOTE: Repeater is not configurable by hardware
(CONFIG3-3,CONFIG3-4) = (0,0) = Master Mode
(CONFIG3-3,CONFIG3-4) = (0,1) = Slave Mode
(CONFIG3-3,CONFIG3-4) = (1,0) = Reserved
(CONFIG3-3,CONFIG3-4) = (1,1) = Reserved
PLC Emulation Enable
ON = PLC Emulation enabled
(Operating Mode 2 or 3)
OFF = PLC Emulation disabled (Operating Mode 1 or 4)
Packet Presets
ON = 8 data bits, no parity, 1 stop bit
OFF = 7 data bits, even parity, 1 stop bit
Data Rate
(CONFIG3-7,CONFIG3-8) = (0,0) = 1200 Baud
(CONFIG3-7,CONFIG3-8) = (0,1) = 2400 Baud
(CONFIG3-7,CONFIG3-8) = (1,0) = 9600 Baud
(CONFIG3-7,CONFIG3-8) = (1,1) = 19200 Baud
PLC Emulation Mode
ON = AB DF1 (Operating Mode 3)
OFF = Modbus RTU (Operating Mode 2)
PLC Address
For Master transceiver, typically set Address = 0.
If CONFIG3-5=ON, this is MSB of PLC address.
If CONFIG3-5=OFF then when this bit is:
ON = End-to-End I/O Telemetry mode (Operating Mode 4)
OFF=Transparent Serial (Operating Mode 1)
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APPENDIX E – AT COMMANDS /REMOTE
DIAGNOSTICS
The SMX-900 and SM-900 radios can be programmed using a specialized subset of the
industry standard AT commands through a terminal program. This is an alternate to
programming using the SCADALinkSM software (or the internal DIP switches on the
SM-900). Programming using AT commands is more complex and therefore
recommended only for advanced users.
E.1 Terminal Programs and Getting Connected
Use of the AT commands requires a Terminal program on your PC.
E.1.1 Using SCADALinkSM’s Terminal Program
There is a Terminal Program supplied with the SCADALinkSM software. It can be accessed from
the “Help” pull down menu. Set the Com Port settings on the PC to match the port settings on the
radio. The Com Port settings on the PC can be adjusted in the SCADALinkSM software from the
“Project” pull down menu.
E.1.2 Using HyperTerminal in Windows
Run the HyperTerminal program supplied with Windows and make the following settings:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Select “File”, “New Connection” from the pull down menu.
Enter a name and select a symbol.
Select the COM port the radio is connected to under “Connect Using…”
Under “Port Settings”, enter the baud rate, data bits, stop bits, parity and
handshaking. These settings must match the radios port settings. If using the
radio’s primary port, they can be adjusted by the user, with the factory default
values being 9600 baud, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, no parity and flow control
(handshaking) set to none. If using the secondary (or remote diagnostics port),
the port settings are fixed at 19,200 baud, 8 data bits, no parity, 1 stop bit and no
flow control.
E.1.3 Programming a Local Radio
Note: If your SMX-900/SM-900 has been powered on for more than 5 minutes, it can
only be programmed through the remote diagnostics port. Cycle power on the radio.
This feature was implemented to allow the radios to be compatible with telephone
modems for hybrid networks that have both telephone and radio modems.
E.1.3.1 Data Transfer and Configuration Modes
There are two modes of operation for the radio, Data Transfer and Configuration. When
in Data Transfer Mode, the content of the information sent to and from the radio is
ignored, and simply passed on through the RF port or serial port. When in Configuration
Mode the radio assumes a device is programming it and it analyzes the content of the
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message to see what parameter to adjust. NOTE: When a radio is first powered up, it
defaults to Data Transfer Mode.
The exception to the above is if you are configuring through the remote diagnostics port
(or secondary port) while data is being passed through the primary port. In this situation
the radio multi-tasks to handle the requests from both ports. See section E.1.5 for more
information on remote diagnostics.
The following commands can be used when programming a radio locally:
Table 17: AT Command Set for Local Radio Programming
Command
+++
AT
ATE0
ATE1*
ATI or ATI0
ATI1
ATI2
ATI3
ATI4
ATI5
ATSn=V
ATSn?
ATH
ATZ
AT&Z
AT&W
AT&R
Description
Radio enters Configuration Mode
Attention. Returns ‘OK’ when the radio is in configuration mode.
Disable echoing of characters when in configuration mode. Default.
Enable echoing of characters when in configuration mode.
Display software revision information.
Display radio configuration S-registers only. (S0…S49)
Display diagnostic S-registers only. (S50…S99)
Display radio manufacture information.
Display radio to PLC mapping information.
Display a list of error codes.
S register n is changed to value V. (n is a decimal number)
The value is S register n is output.
Data mode. Used to exit configuration mode and enter data transfer mode.
The configuration is loaded from EEPROM.
The configuration is reset to factory defaults.
The configuration is written to EEPROM.
Reset the radio’s microcontroller unit.
* NOTE: This command is automatically enabled when using the SCADALinkSM
Terminal program.
A carriage return <CR> (or enter key) must follow all commands.
Additional Command Notes:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Multiple commands are allowed on a single command line with the exception of
ATD, ATE and ATH.
Up to 40 characters are allowed on a single command line.
All command lines must be followed with a carriage return <CR>.
All white space characters within commands will be ignored.
All commands will return an “OK” upon completion with the exception of ATH
and AT&R.
A typical sequence for programming a local radio would be as follows:
1)
+++ <CR>
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Sets the radio to configuration mode.
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SMX-900 / SM900 User Manual V1.00A
2)
AT <CR>
Confirms the radio is in configuration mode. Radio should return
an “OK”.
3)
ATE1
Enables echoing of characters so that you can see on the screen
what characters are being typed. (not necessary with SCADALinkSM terminal program).
3)
ATS0=x
Sets S register “0” to value “x”. S register 0 is the Group ID and
therefore “x” can be a value ranging from 1 to 63 decimal.
1)
Repeat Step 3 with all other registers.
2)
AT&W
The configuration is written to the radios EEPROM.
3)
ATH
The radio is returned to data transfer mode.
4)
Cycle power to the radio for the new settings to take effect.
E.1.3.2 Radio Parameter S-Register Description and Quick Reference
Table 18: S-Register Parameters Reference Table
Radio
Description
S-Register
Parameter
Group ID
Each Group of radios that are to communicate with each other must
S0
have the same Group ID Number. Also changes hopping sequence.
For Details See Page xx
Radio ID
Each radio within a Group must have a unique Radio ID to identify
S1
it from the other radio's within the Group
For Details See Page xx
Security ID Each Group of radios must also share the same Security ID in order
S2
to communicate with each other
For Details See Page xx
Radio Mode This register defines the function of the radio, as Master, Slave or
S3
Repeater/Slave
For Details See Page xx
Repeater in
This parameter is selected on all radios whenever a Repeater/Slave
S4
Group
radio mode is present in the Group
For Details See Page xx
Retransmit
This parameter causes master radio and repeaters to send duplicate
S5
Broadcast
packets from master (and repeaters) radio
For Details See Page xx
RF Band
Selects the unique Frequency Band that the radio utilizes while in
S6
hopping sequence
For Details See Page xx
Roaming
Allows slave radio to roam to acquire any Master ID or Repeater
S7
within its' own Group
For Details See Page xx
Fixed Master This parameter can be set to specify a particular Master ID to use
S8
when Roaming is disabled
ID
For Details See Page xx
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Retries
This parameter sets the number of communication retries of a data
S13
packet before being discarded
For Details See Page xx
Wait Time
This parameter sets the maximum period of time that packetized
S14
data may be buffered prior to TX by radio
For Details See Page xx
Flush Timeout This parameter sets the max. time that the auto-routing tables are
S15
kept before being automatically rebuilt
For Details See Page xx
Compatibility This parameter can be set only on SM-900 radios to work with
S19
previous firmware releases V1.xx
For Details See Page xx
Baud Rate
This critical parameter sets radio port baud rate and MUST match
S20
baud rate of attached PC, controller, etc.
For Details See Page xx
Data Bits
Sets the radio data port for specific data bits per character of
S21
attached serial device
For Details See Page xx
Stop Bits
Sets the radio data port for specific stop bits per character of
S22
attached serial device
For Details See Page xx
Parity
This parameter is set to match serial port parity of attached serial
S23
device
For Details See Page xx
Handshaking This parameter allows radio to use hardware handshaking to
S24
attached serial device if required by application
For Details See Page xx
Auto-Routing A feature that increases reliability when using Modbus RTU or
S25
DF1 protocol by retransmitting errored packets
For Details See Page xx
Buffer Mode Determines if the receiving radio buffers the message or if it sends
S26
each byte out as they arrive
For Details See Page xx
Blocked
This parameter allows user to 'block' or avoid up to 12 specific
S30…S41
Frequencies frequencies used in radio hop pattern
For Details See Page xx
Emulation
Allows user to configure the SMX-900/SM-900 radio for point-toS100
Mode
point I/O, radio modem or PLC Emulation mode. Note that the
SM-900 cannot support any I/O functions like point-to-point I/O .
For Details See Page xx
PLC Address Once PLC emulation mode has been selected this parameter must
S101
be assigned to give I/O its polling address
For Details See Page xx
Main Serial This parameter allows user to designate primary port for
S102
Port
transporting user data, select RS232, 485 or RS422
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For Details See Page xx
Sleep Mode This parameter allows user to choose a power saving strategy for
SMX-900 /SM-900
For Details See Page xx
Current Time Current Time parameter is selectable in the configuration program
when using PLC emulation mode
For Details See Page xx
Start Time
Related to sleep mode, tells the SMX-900 / SM-900 radio what
time to wake up for its polling of internal I/O registers
For Details See Page xx
On Timer
'Interval' which keeps radio power on for a specified length of
time, 0-255 minutes, after Start Time occurs
For Details See Page xx
Off Timer
When radio timer has been turned on (S112) this parameter sets the
timer in minutes as to when to turn off
For Details See Page xx
S103
S110
S111
S112
S113
NOTE: Registers S100 and up (shaded area of chart) are only available on the SMX-900
/ SM-900.
E.1.4 Remote Radio Programming
A slave radio can be programmed through the master radio using AT commands. You
can connect to the master radio through either its primary or secondary (remote
diagnostics) port.
NOTE: the radio must have RF communications prior to being able to pass the
configuration changes to the slave. Therefore brand new radios that are straight out of
the box, cannot be programmed remotely since they will not have RF communications.
WARNING: Changes to a remote radios configuration can be made while the system is
passing data, however caution must be taken to ensure a parameter change does not
cause the radio to lose RF communications with the master. For example, if the Group
ID were changed on a slave and the change implemented (written to the slave’s
EEPROM and the microcontroller reset), that slave would lose RF communications with
the master, until the masters Group ID was changed to match the slave.
Similarly, if a port setting such as baud rate were to be changed on a slave, it might lose
the ability to communicate with the end serial device connected to it. Therefore caution
must be exercised when remotely programming a radio.
The following commands can be used when programming a radio remotely:
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SMX-900 / SM900 User Manual V1.00A
Table 19: AT Command Set for Remote Radio Programming
Command
+++
AT
ATE0
ATE1*
ATI or ATI0
ATSn=V
ATSn?
ATDn
ATH
ATZ
AT&W
AT&R
Description
Radio enters Configuration Mode
Attention. Returns ‘OK’ when the radio is in configuration mode.
Disable echoing of characters when in configuration mode. Default.
Enable echoing of characters when in configuration mode.
Display software revision information.
S register n is changed to value V. (n is a decimal number)
The value is S register n is output.
Specifies address of radio for remote diagnostics. (Command can be sent into a master
radio only). “n” is the Radio ID of the slave. If no “n” value is specified, the address of
the master radio is assumed.
Data mode. Used to exit configuration mode and enter data transfer mode.
The configuration is loaded from EEPROM.
The configuration is written to EEPROM.
Reset the radio’s microcontroller unit.
* NOTE: This command is automatically enabled when using the SCADALinkSM
Terminal program.
A carriage return <CR> (or enter key) must follow all commands.
Additional Command Notes:
1)
Multiple commands are allowed on a single command line with the exception of ATD,
ATE and ATH.
2)
Up to 40 characters are allowed on a single command line.
3)
All command lines must be followed with a carriage return <CR>.
4)
All white space characters within commands will be ignored.
5)
All commands will return an “OK” upon completion with the exception of ATH
and AT&R.
A typical sequence for programming a remote radio would go as follows:
1)
+++ <CR>
Sets the radio to configuration mode.
2)
AT <CR>
Confirms the radio is in configuration mode. Radio should return
an “OK”.
3)
ATE1
Enables echoing of characters so that you can see on the screen
what characters are being typed. (not necessary with SCADALinkSM terminal program).
4)
ATDn
Gets the attention of the remote radio where “n” is the Radio ID
3)
ATS13=x
Sets S register “13” to value “x”. S register 13 is the Retries and
therefore “x” can be a value ranging from 0 to 255 decimal.
5)
Repeat Step 3 with all other registers.
6)
AT&W
The configuration is written to the radios EEPROM.
7)
AT&R
The radio’s microcontroller is reset, causing it to read the
configuration data from EEPROM. Your new settings will now take effect and
the radio will automatically start up in data transfer mode (Therefore the ATH
command is not necessary).
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E.1.5 Remote Diagnostics
There are two methods of performing remote diagnostics; basic diagnostics through the
SCADALinkSM software or more comprehensive diagnostics using AT commands in a Terminal
program reading S registers. The SCADALinkSM software, through the master radio, allows a
user to view and change all configuration data on a slave or repeater and in addition, shows the
RSSI, power supply voltage and internal temperature.
By using the AT commands in a Terminal program, a user can view all of the above information,
and in addition access the following diagnostic information:
•
•
•
•
Number of valid packets received
Number of errored packets received
Maximum number of retries data is transmitted
Turn on/off a fixed frequency carrier for VSWR and power output tests
E.1.5.1 Remote Diagnostics and the SMX-900
A PC running Terminal or SCADALinkSM software can acquire diagnostic data from remote
SMX-900 and SM-900s. However, when configured as a Master, the SMX-900 cannot provide
online remote diagnostics. This is because it only has one active port that is used for normal data
to the SCADA host. The only way to get remote diagnostic data from an SMX-900 master is to
take the system offline and then go into the Terminal or SCADALinkSM software to poll the
remote radios for diagnostic data. When configured as a slave, however the SMX-900 can receive
and respond to both normal polled messages AND remote diagnostic messages
E.1.5.2 Remote Diagnostics and the SM-900
If online remote diagnostics is required, the SM-900 should be used at the Master. The SM-900
has two active data ports: one normal user port and the other a dedicated, real-time diagnostic
port operating at a fixed baud rate of 19.2kbd. The Table below shows the S-registers used for
remote diagnostics.
E.1.5.3 Remote Diagnostics using AT Commands
Using a subset of the industry standard AT commands, diagnostic information can be obtained
through the master radios secondary (remote diagnostics) port while data is passing through the
primary port. The network must have RF communications with all slaves.
Table 20: Diagnostic S-Registers
Register
S10
Name (Attributes)
RSSI
(read only)
S16
Power Supply
Voltage
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Description
This register contains the average signal strength (dBm) of all
packets received by the radio. The value in this register will
be a positive number. Add the (-) negative sign and dBm to
express in decibels. Note: A value of –151dBm indicates that
there is no RF link.
This register contains the power supply voltage +/-1V.
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SMX-900 / SM900 User Manual V1.00A
(read only)
Internal
Temperature
(read only)
S17
S51
Number of valid
packets received
(read only)
S52
Number if invalid
packets received
(read only)
S73, S93
Maximum Transmit
Retries
(read only)
S99
Continuous Carrier
Transmit Test Mode
(read/write)
This register contains the internal temperature in degrees
Celsius. Valid range is –40 to 70C.
Note: A value of –69C indicates there is no temperature
sensor installed.
This register contains the total number of packets that were
received by the radio with no errors since the radio was
powered on. Range is 0 to 65535. The register will
eventually overflow and reset to 0 once the maximum count
has been achieved. Slave radios receive transmission packets
from the master regardless if data is being sent through the
radio. The master radio will not receive anything from its
slaves unless data is put on the slave radios serial port. A
slave can expect to receive approximately 13 packets per
second.
This register contains the total number of packets that had a
CRC error since the radio was powered on. Range is 0 to
65535. By comparing registers S51 and S52, one can get a
measure of the percent of packets that arrive error free. This
aids in determining the response time, how much
interference/multi-pathing is occurring and what impact
features such as Re Tx Broadcasts, Auto-routing or Retries
might have or should be set to.
This register contains the maximum number of times a radio
had to retransmit a packet before it got through or gave up,
since the radio was powered on. This functions as a “high
water” marker by incrementing the value whenever a larger
number of retries has been attempted. This lets a user know
the worst-case scenario of actual retries. Valid range 0 to 49.
S73 contains the downstream count (master to repeater or
slave) and S93 contains the upstream count (slave to repeater
or master)
Writing a 1 to this register causes the radio to transmit on a
single frequency and not to hop. This is useful for
performing VSWR (voltage standing wave ratio) tests and
power output tests. Writing a 0 or cycling power to the radio
resets the register.
WARNING: This puts the radio into an illegal mode of
operation. This should only be done to quickly test the radio
and for a maximum of 15 minutes to minimize interference to
other ISM band users. Data cannot be received by a remote
radio in this test mode.
1. Connect to the master radio’s remote diagnostics port and run a terminal program.
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2. Set the serial port settings on the terminal program to 19,200 baud, N, 8, 1 with no
handshaking.
3. AT <CR>
Gets the master radios attention. Radio should return an “OK”.
4. ATE1
Enables echoing of characters so that you can see on the screen
what characters are being typed. (not necessary with SCADALinkSM terminal
program).
5. ATDn
Gets the attention of the remote radio where “n” is the remote Radio ID
6. ATS51? <CR> Queries register S51.
7. ATS52? <CR> Queries register S52.
8. ATS99=1 <CR>
9. ATS99=0 <CR>
Turns on the continuous carrier test mode.***
Turns off the continuous carrier test mode.
*** WARNING: This puts the radio into an illegal mode of operation. This should only
be done to quickly test the radio and for a maximum of 15 minutes to minimize
interference to other ISM band users. Data cannot be received by a remote radio in this
test mode.
E.1.5.4 Remote Diagnostics using SCADALinkSM Software
The SCADALinkSM software allows a user, through the master radio, to view all configuration
parameters of a slave or repeater. The network must have RF communications; therefore the
Group Parameters must already be set. To perform remote diagnostics, do the following:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
Connect your PC to the master radio’s remote diagnostics port and run the
SCADALinkSM software*
Set the Com port settings to 19,200 baud, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit and no parity. The
remote diagnostics port settings are fixed at these values.
Select “Project”, “Create New Project…” from the pull down menus.
Enter a file name for your project.
Enter the Group Parameters that your network uses.
Enter the Radio ID for each radio and a Radio Name. “Save” each radio, then select
“New Radio” to get a new screen for each radio.
NOTE: The “Save Radio” and “New Radio” functions use the same button. The function (and
description) of the button toggles when selected.
Figure 27: Online Monitoring of Slave Radios
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The radios that are part of this project will appear on a right-hand side window in the
SCADALinkSM software. The symbols mean:
•
•
•
•
•
“M” in a circle means the radio is a master
“S” means it is a slave
“R” means it is a Repeater
A green colored icon of the radio means that radio communications is successful
A red colored radio icon means that radio communications is not successful
To prevent the user from accidentally turning the communications off, the Group Parameters
controls are disabled and shown as being grayed out.
To begin remotely analyzing the radios, select Online Monitor from the pull down menus and
click on Monitor so that a check mark appears next to it. To turn off, uncheck Monitor. To view
individual radio parameters, highlight that radio. To change a radios parameters:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Highlight the radio
Edit the parameter
Click Save Radio to save those changes to the PC.
Click Set Radio to download those changes to the remote radio.
The figure below shows how the screen appears when monitoring online:
Figure 28: Online Monitoring Values
•
•
•
RSSI units in –dB. The value for the master radio is the average of all the slaves.
Voltage is the power supply voltage in units of volts, +/-1V.
Internal temperature in degrees Celsius. NOTE: It is normal for the master radio
to have a much higher internal temperature, due to the higher duty cycle of its
power amplifier than the slave radios.
NOTE: remote diagnostics communications functions are a lower priority to data
communications occurring through the primary port. Therefore updates will occur more
slowly if traffic on the primary port is heavy. In some cases diagnostics may not be
possible under extremely high duty cycles.
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SMX-900 / SM900 User Manual V1.00A
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