Installer manual

Installer manual
HRU ECO 4
installer manual
205-0188/0711/ED
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Table of contents
1.
General information
1.1
Introduction
1.2
Warranty and liability
1.3
Safety
2.
Technical information
2.1
General description
2.2
Description of parts
2.3
Dimensional sketch
2.4
Bypass and frost protection
2.5
Specifications
2.6
Capacity graph
2.7
Sound data
2.8
Dipswitches
6
6
6
7
7
9
9
10
10
Installation regulations
3.1
Installation terms and conditions
3.2
Check upon delivery
3.3
Turning the unit
3.4
Mounting the unit
3.5
Duct connections
3.6
Connecting the condensation
discharge
3.7
Capacity settings
3.8
Control using RFT Switch
3.9
Hard wired 3 position switch
3.10 Registration of the RFT Operation
switch
11
11
11
11
12
12
3.
4
4
4
5
Maintenance
4.1
Filters
4.2
Heat exchanger service
4.3
Maintenance of Ducting
4.4
Motor module
4.5
Fans
4.6
Control printed circuit board
15
15
15
16
16
16
17
5.
Troubleshooting
5.1
Operation troubleshooting
5.2
Table of possible faults
5.3
Table of causes
5.4
Table of solutions
18
18
18
18
18
13
14
14
14
14
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1
General information
1.1
Introduction
This installer manual was compiled for the installation
and maintenance of the Itho Ventilation Limited supplied
Itho heat recovery unit HRU ECO 4, which includes the
following types:
HRU ECO 4 (House).
HRU ECO 4 (Apartment).
each of the others a further 4 l/s must be added to the
extract rate. Also, there is an addition of an allowance
to be calculated for air infiltration. The system provides
quiet, uninterrupted extract ventilation from the dwelling,
removing warm stale air via all of the “wet” rooms,
creating a permanent air path through the property from
the “dry” habitable rooms.
Air, drawn into the property by the fan is routed through
an integral high-efficiency synthetic heat exchanger
where warmth from the extracted air is transferred
to the incoming fresh air before it is supplied to the
habitable rooms.
In employing this type of system, there is no need to install
background ventilators in the dwelling – an ideal solution
to “noisy” sites.
1.2
Introduction
Warranty
The HRU ECO 4 warranty is valid for 3 years after
installation date.
The warranty does not apply to:
- Disassembly and assembly costs.
- Faults which are, in the opinion of Itho B.V. and/or
Itho UK Ltd, caused by incorrect treatment, negligence
or an accident.
- Faults that have been caused by repairs or intended
repairs by third parties without authorisation from
Itho UK Ltd.
The objectives of this installer manual are to:
- Ensure optimum safety during installation and use.
- Ensure thorough maintenance.
- Provide reference material in the event of a failure.
Although this manual was created with great care,
no rights can be derived from it. These products are in
continuous development. Itho B.V. and/or Itho UK Ltd
reserve the right to modify this manual without prior
notice.
If the appliance does not function correctly or develops
a fault, contact Itho UK Ltd immediately. Ensure that only
genuine spares are used for any repairs.
Compliance with Building Regulations
The 2010 Edition of the U.K Building Regulations Approved
Document F1: Means of Ventilation (applicable in England
and Wales) details 4 clearly defined systems of ventilation
to dwellings. System 4 - Continuous mechanical extract
with heat recovery (MVHR) is complied with by the new
HRU ECO 4 ultra-high efficiency whole house heat recovery
ventilation system.
Liability
The HRU ECO 4 was designed for balanced ventilation
systems for both high-rise and low-rise dwellings.
Itho UK Ltd is not liable for any other type of application
that has not been discussed and approved by them.
Itho UK Ltd is not liable for any damages caused by:
- Improper use.
- Normal wear and tear.
- Not following the instructions in this manual concerning
safety, operation and/or maintenance.
- The use of parts which have not been supplied by Itho
UK Ltd or their approved resellers.
System 4 - Continuous Mechanical Supply & Extract with
Heat Recovery requires a “minimum high rate” in each wet
room to be achieved (Kitchens 13 l/s and both utilities and
bathrooms 8 l/s (sanitary only 6 l/s).
The “minimum low rate” is calculated by taking the
number of bedrooms in the dwelling and applying the
l/s value from Table 1.1b. In addition the rate should
be no less than 0.3 l/s per m2 of internal floor area (all
storeys) plus for each additional occupant over and above
the anticipated two for the first bedroom and one for
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1.3
Safety
General Safety
The HRU ECO 4 heat recovery unit has been designed for
integration into a ventilation installation.
- Do not use the appliance to control activation of water
heaters, room heaters etc., nor should it discharge into
the flues of any such appliances.
- Ensure that the appliance discharges into a single
duct (dedicated to this product) which is routed to the
outside.
- The air to be extracted from the dwelling must be clean
(i.e. free of grease, soot, chemical and corrosive agents,
explosive or flammable mixtures).
- Keep the appliance intake and outlet grilles free to
ensure optimum airflow at all times.
WARNING
- Do not use this appliance for functions other than those
described in the booklet.
- After removing the appliance from its packaging, ensure
that it is complete and undamaged. If in doubt contact
Itho UK Ltd. Do not leave the packaging within reach of
children or the infirm.
- Certain fundamental rules must be observed when
using any electrical appliance, including a) never touch
appliances with wet or damp hands; b) never touch
appliances while barefoot; c) do not allow children to
use the appliance without supervision; d)supervise
infirm persons when using the appliance.
- Store the appliance out of the reach of children and
infirm persons if you decide to disconnect it from the
power supply and no longer use it.
- Do not operate the appliance in the presence of
inflammable substances or vapours (alcohols,
insecticides, petrol, etc).
To ensure that the installation complies with the applicable
CE Directives, the electric connections of the heat recovery
unit HRU ECO 4 should be installed according to the
applicable standards.
The device has to be assembled “safe-to-touch”. This
means, that under normal operation no-one can come
near any turning parts without a deliberate action, such as:
- Disassembly of the casing with appropriate tools.
- Taking out the heat exchanger after disassembling the
casing.
- Removing the motor module after disassembling the
casing.
CAUTIoN
The following general instructions are important:
- Follow the safety instructions to prevent fan damage
and personal injuries.
- Maintenance instructions must be followed to prevent
damage and/or excessive wear and tear.
- The specifications in this manual may not be modified.
- The fans may not be modified.
- The motor module is only suitable for a 230 V 50 Hz
a.c system.
- Do not expose the appliance to the weather (rain, sun,
etc).
- Do not place objects on top of the appliance.
- Regularly inspect the appliance for visible defects. If any
faults are found, contact Itho UK Ltd immediately.
- The appliance must only be installed by a professionally
qualified person.
- Ensure that the electrical system to which the appliance
is connected complies with applicable standards.
- Use a multi-polar switch with a minimum contact gap of
3 mm to install the appliance.
- The appliance should be switched off at the main switch
if:
a) the appliance does not function take out full stop
correctly;
b) cleaning the outside of the appliance;
c) the appliance is not to be used for any length of time.
- Be careful to avoid damaging the electric circuit.
Safety measures
- The HRU ECO 4 has been designed and constructed
such that it is impossible to come into contact with
moving parts or parts under voltage when the system is
used in a normal way and without deliberate action.
- The HRU ECO 4 meets the legal requirements for
electrical devices.
The following safety measures should be taken into
account:
- Before starting maintenance activities, always
electrically discharge the device by isolating the product
from the power supply.
- Use appropriate and suitable tools.
- Only use the device for an application for which it was
designed as indicated in Section 1.2 Warranty and
liability.
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2 Technical information
2.1
General description
The purpose of the HRU ECO 4 is optimum ventilation of
homes with minimal energy loss. Air is extracted from the
kitchen, bathrooms, ensuites, utility rooms and the toilet
and, if required, from a storage room. Air is supplied to the
bedrooms and living room. The volumes of air are specified
in the Building Regulations Part F1: Means of Ventilation
(ADF). The total volume of air extracted and supplied
is equal.
The air flows are completely separated and filtered.
The energy of the discharge air is transferred to the fresh
air supply at a high efficiency of approximately 91%.
Condensation can be caused by the discharged air. This
must be discharged through the waste water drain.
The HRU ECO 4 can be operated from, for example, the
kitchen, using an RFT switch. Correct application of the
ventilation system creates an optimum, healthy and
comfortable home climate with minimum energy use.
This compartmentalisation section consists of four
high-quality polypropylene parts and is completely
recyclable. The result of the shape and material of the
separate compartments is maximum thermal isolation
and minimum internal air leakage. The cooling of the
discharged air flow in the heat exchanger may cause
condensation. The heat exchanger has a catch tray for
the condensation which must be connected to the waste
water system.
heat exchanger
This counterflow heat exchanger consists of triangular
channels. Each channel is, therefore, surrounded by three
channels which flow in the opposite direction. This special
construction contributes to an average temperature
efficiency of over 91%. The efficiency depends on air
volume.
2.2
Description of parts
The most important parts of the HRU ECO 4 are the
following:
Casing
The patented casing consists of an aluminium casing
construction that clasps the synthetic inner parts around
the heat exchanger. This creates an optimum leak-proof
construction.
The front and back of the heat exchanger are sealed by
a soft synthetic disk with a bayonet catch. The front of
this disk is integrated into the front door.
The colour of the casing construction is RAL 9002, the
colour of the front panel is RAL 5014 and the colour
of the front door is RAL 9002. The total unit weighs
approximately 25 kg.
Compartmentalisation section
The internal construction for the distribution of the
separate air flows is the compartmentalisation section.
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2.3
Dimensional sketch
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2.4
Bypass and frost protection
Bypass
The heat recovery unit HRU ECO 4 is delivered as standard
with a fully integrated bypass valve. This valve is fully
automatic. The bypass ensures that the air from outside
is fed around the heat exchanger. It seals the path to the
heat exchanger completely. The return air flow still passes
through the heat exchanger.
- The outside temperature is higher than approximately
19 °C for a sufficient time (how long the bypass stays on
depends on the exact outside temperature).
The outside temperature and the inside temperature
are measured in the HRU ECO 4. The development of the
temperatures allows the fan to recognise a summer day.
The bypass will be closed automatically as soon as one of
these conditions is no longer met.
The fresh outside air is, therefore, not heated but blown
directly into the home. This is an advantage on hot summer
nights. In these circumstances, the outside air is often
cooler than the air within the home. In bypass mode the
returning air is filtered but the intake air is not.
The power with which the bypass valve discharges heat,
this depends on the temperature of the air inside and the
temperature of the air outside. It also depends on the air
volume discharged by the HRU ECO 4. The rule of thumb
for the HRU ECO 4 is to discharge 50 W thermal power per
degree of temperature difference at 150 m3/h (medium
mode). If the inside temperature is 25 °C and the outside
temperature is 15 °C, 500 W will be discharged in the
medium mode.
The purpose of the bypass is to ventilate the house without
transferring heat. This is only desirable when the following
conditions are met:
- The inside temperature is higher than desired.
- The inside temperature is higher than the outside
temperature.
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Frost protection
The heat recovery unit HRU ECO 4 is delivered as standard
with frost protection. The frost protection consists,
amongst other things, of a unique frost valve integrated at
the top of the unit. This protection prevents the unit from
freezing (internally) during the winter. The operation of
the frost protection is fully automatic.
Should the outside air temperature become even lower,
the intake fan will turn more slowly (the fan is revved down)
until it reaches a minimum. If the temperature drops even
further, the discharge fan will be revved up and the intake
fan will keep turning at the minimum rate.
If the outside temperature drops to an extreme low, the
intake fan will be turned off but the discharge fan will
remain in operation. The frost valve will also be closed.
After some time, the intake fan will turn at minimum speed
and the frost valve will be reopened to check whether the
risk of freezing has passed. If the outside temperature
rises, the above measures are taken in reverse order until
the risk of freezing has passed.
The resident “always” determines the air volume that is
discharged.
Frost protection operation
The air discharged from the house is used to heat up
the fresh air coming from outside. The air in the heat
exchanger, therefore, cools down. During a period of frost,
the frost protection ensures that the heat exchanger in
the unit cannot freeze.
If the temperature of the discharge air in the heat
exchanger nears freezing, the device will open the frost
valve at the top of the unit regularly and take in warm air
from the area in which the unit is located.
This warm air is mixed with the cold air coming from
outside.
The frost valve can be easily removed from the top of the
HRU ECO 4 without tools.
Push the frost valve open (into the unit) using four fingers
against each other (with fingernail side up). Make sure your
thumb presses the black foam outside the unit (between
the valve housing and the adjacent nozzle). Carefully pull
the valve housing upwards while sliding it in the horizontal
direction of the nozzle. The motor and other bypass parts
can now be inspected. The servomotor can be replaced,
if required, by uncoupling the connector and unscrewing
the two Phillips screws.
At the same time, the intake fan will turn faster (the fan
is revved up) to ensure the volume of fresh outside air
remains the same. The pre-heating of the fresh cold
outside air ensures that the warm air discharged from the
home does not have to warm the cold outside air too much.
The temperature of the discharge air in the heat exchanger
thus remains safely above freezing.
Important!
Make sure nothing is ever placed on top of the frost
valve. This would hinder the proper operation of the frost
protection.
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2.5
Specifications
Capacity
Pressure
Power
Current
Voltage
Cosphi
Thermaleffiiency
[m3/h]
[Pa]
[W]
[A]*
[V]*
*
[%]
Mode 1 Minimum mode
50
10
8
0,05
230
0,07
98
Mode1Lowmode
75
20
12
0,1
230
0,55
98
Mode 2 Medium mode
150
40
29
0,24
230
0,53
96,2
Mode2Mediummode
150
80
38
0,31
230
0,53
96,2
Mode 3 High mode
225
100
74
0,59
230
0,59
94
Mode3Highmode
225
150
88
0,69
230
0,56
94
Mode 3 High mode
275
100
106
0,83
230
0,56
93
Mode 3 High mode
275
150
126
0,99
230
0,56
93
Mode 3 Maximum mode
325
100
156
1,22
230
0,56
92
Mode 3 Maximum mode
325
150
176
1,36
230
0,56
92
* Values to be entered in the EPC calculation according to NEN 5128.
The thermal efficiency of the HRU ECO 4 has been
determined by TNO at 96.2%, reference number TNO-MEP
2002KTW/534.
Weight:
Dimensions:
other technical data
Temperature efficiency with
qual mass flows:
Duct diameter:
96.2% (measured according
to NEN 5138)
230 V ± 5%
50 Hz
Supply voltage:
Frequency:
40 mm (outer)
IP31
EU3
Capacity graph
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Condensation discharge
diameter:
Degree of protection:
Filter classification:
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2.6
24 kg + 1 kg
848 mm (H)
730 mm (W)
477 mm (D)
150 mm (inner) and
180 mm (outer)
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2.7
Sound data
Radiation
Sound level Lw(A)
Total
63Hz
125Hz
250Hz
2000Hz
4000Hz
8000Hz
[dB(A)]
[dB]
[dB]
[dB]
500Hz 1000Hz
[dB]
[dB]
[dB]
[dB]
[dB]
25 m3/h
20 Pa
<23.5
47.2
30.4
23.3
21.4
13.2
11.5
4.7
9.4
75 m3/h
20 Pa
30.5
45.2
34.2
32.1
29.6
24.2
18.1
5.6
9.3
150 m3/h
80 Pa
46.5
46.6
44.9
46.3
44.8
40.9
39.4
25.1
15.4
225 m3/h
100 Pa
53.8
50.0
48.1
52.7
52.2
47.8
47.3
35.7
24.1
225 m3/h
150 Pa
55.0
53.6
48.7
53.0
53.8
48.9
48.7
38.6
29.5
275 m3/h
100 Pa
57.5
58.2
49.6
56.4
55.7
51.5
50.8
41.3
29.4
275 m3/h
150 Pa
58.5
61.8
50.4
56.8
56.7
52.5
51.8
43.4
38.4
325 m3/h
100 Pa
60.5
58.6
50.4
58.9
58.1
54.7
53.7
45.6
33.7
325 m3/h
150 Pa
61.5
54.7
51.8
59.2
59.3
55.6
54.5
47.2
37.0
Exhaust
Sound level Lw(A)
Total
63Hz
125Hz
250Hz
2000Hz
4000Hz
8000Hz
[dB(A)]
[dB]
[dB]
[dB]
500Hz 1000Hz
[dB]
[dB]
[dB]
[dB]
[dB]
25 m3/h
20 Pa
20.5
46.2
19.7
22.6
15.2
10.3
7.1
4.3
9.0
75 m3/h
20 Pa
28.5
46.7
28.8
33.0
25.4
22.3
12.1
4.7
8.8
150 m3/h
80 Pa
42.5
45.9
37.3
46.9
40.0
37.0
30.6
15.1
12.5
225 m3/h
100 Pa
49.5
47.0
41.8
53.7
47.6
43.2
37.7
25.3
14.3
225 m3/h
150 Pa
50.5
46.8
43.2
53.6
49.4
44.1
38.9
27.0
14.9
275 m3/h
100 Pa
53.5
46.8
43.6
58.4
50.8
46.9
40.9
30.7
16.8
275 m3/h
150 Pa
54.0
46.8
46.1
58.1
52.1
47.8
42.0
32.5
17.4
325 m3/h
100 Pa
56.5
47.2
44.7
61.4
53.6
49.9
43.8
35.1
19.8
325 m3/h
150 Pa
57.0
48.6
46.5
60.6
54.9
50.6
44.5
36.3
20.6
Inlet
Sound level Lw(A)
Total
63Hz
125Hz
250Hz
2000Hz
4000Hz
8000Hz
[dB(A)]
[dB]
[dB]
[dB]
500Hz 1000Hz
[dB]
[dB]
[dB]
[dB]
[dB]
25 m3/h
20 Pa
30.0
33.6
29.4
29.5
29.7
22.7
21.7
7.2
12.0
75 m3/h
20 Pa
40.5
47.3
40.8
40.8
40.2
35.3
28.1
13.4
12.7
150 m3/h
80 Pa
56.5
50.0
51.9
56.7
54.9
51.3
48.9
36.2
22.9
225 m3/h
100 Pa
65.3
50.7
56.0
64.4
65.6
58.6
57.5
47.0
33.6
225 m3/h
150 Pa
66.0
51.4
56.7
64.7
65.5
59.7
59.1
48.9
35.5
275 m3/h
100 Pa
69.5
52.1
57.2
68.0
69.6
62.4
61.1
52.7
39.1
275 m3/h
150 Pa
70.5
53.0
58.0
58.8
70.6
63.3
62.2
54.6
40.5
325 m3/h
100 Pa
73.0
53.2
57.7
70.3
72.9
65.9
64.2
57.2
43.6
325 m3/h
150 Pa
74.0
54.1
58.7
71.3
74.1
67.0
65.0
58.7
45.0
2.8
Dipswitches
- VKK dipswitch (not for UK market)
Dipswitch must be set OFF.
- AWW dipswitch.
OFF
ON
VKK (1)
AWW (2)
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3 Installation regulations
3.3
Turning the unit
The HRU ECO 4 is delivered as standard with the motor
module at the left. The unit can be easily turned without
using tools before it is mounted if this is preferable with
regards to the position of the duct system. If the unit does
not require turning, please continue with the instructions
in Section 3.4. If the unit does require turning, follow the
instructions below.
- Remove the filters holders q.
- Turn the front door q with bayonet catch 90 degrees
anticlockwise and remove it.
3.1
Installation requirements
The HRU ECO 4 should be installed following the general
and local safety and installation regulations and the
instructions in this manual:
- The HRU ECO 4 should be located on a suitable wall.
- The HRU ECO 4 requires 230 V 50 Hz mains voltage.
The tolerance for the mains voltage is 5 %.
If fitted on the ring main, the unit needs to fitted with a
3 Amp fuse.
- A two pole isolating switch with a minimum contact gap
of 3 mm must be fitted.
- The feeder cable is 1.5 m long and the connection
is located at the left side of the unit. If the unit is
assembled backwards, this connection is at the right
side of the unit.
- The ducts should be of the correct dimensions.
- The ducts to and from the exterior should be thermally
insulated and damp proof.
- The HRU ECO 4 should be mounted on a wall with a wall
mass of at least 200 kg/m2.
- The supplied silencer (D = 180 mm, L = 50 cm) should
be added to the supply duct to the home to achieve the
optimum comfort level in the home.
- The HRU ECO 4 has a condensation discharge that
should be connected to the house waste system.
(Refer to Section 3.6.)
- The HRU ECO 4 has to be mounted vertically and level
due to the catch tray.
- The HRU ECO 4 should be accessible for service and
maintenance work. Make sure there is 500 mm open
space at the front of the unit. This means that a distance
of a metre from the wall should be available at the
location where the unit is to be placed. That space is
required to be able to slide the service module, the heat
exchanger and the filters out of the unit. The bottom
of the unit and the electrical connections at the side
should also be accessible for service work.
q
w
- Turn the bayonet catch at the rear 90 degrees
anticlockwise as well and remove it.
- Move the front plate w with your right hand (without
turning it) to the other side and correctly place the
plate by pressing the edge under the black edge of
the housing. This is easiest when the unit is flat on the
floor. Make sure the floor surface is level to ensure the
aluminium casing is not damaged.
- Place the front door at the new front of the unit. Refer to
the picture. Turn the front door 90 degrees clockwise
until it is vertical. Make sure that the round foam disk is
in place in the hole against the heat exchanger between
the front door and the exchanger.
- Place the bayonet catch in the new back in the same
way. Make sure that the foam disk between the heat
exchanger and the bayonet catch is in place.
3.2
Check upon delivery
Check the unit upon delivery to discover any faults prior to
assembly. This ensures the unit can be easily exchanged
without requiring additional work.
- Check whether the name plate data and the sticker on
the box are correct before removing the packaging.
- Take the unit carefully out of the box. The unit can best
be placed on the nozzles at the bottom or top. Check the
unit for visible damage.
- The condensation coupling and the user manual should
be included in the box.
The unit has been turned and is ready for assembly.
The front is now the rear and vice versa. The electrical
connections are now located at the right of the unit.
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3.4
Mounting the unit
Frost protection valve
Fresh air intake
from atmosphere
Exhaust to atmosphere
Extract from dwelling
Supply to dwelling
(High-Rise Building)
The HRU ECO 4 is delivered as standard with a mounting
set. The mounting materials are to be procured elsewhere.
The location of the drill holes is indicated in the drawing.
The edge of the mounting set corresponds with the centrelines of the ducts. The notch at the bottom of the mounting
set indicates the location of the condensation discharge
(left for the standard unit and right for the turned unit).
- Determine the exact location for the unit, keeping the
mounting requirements in mind.
- Attach the mounting set to the wall using appropriate
mounting material.
- Place the unit on the lower supports and push the
unit against the wall at the top in such a way that the
mounting strip fits into the unit.
- Lower the unit until the lower part of the unit is
supported by the mounting set supports.
Electrical conections
Supply to dwelling
(Low-Rise Building)
Diagram 1, standard version.
Supply to dwelling
(Low-Rise Building)
Extract from
dwelling
Condensation
discharge
Standard version.
[¡PP
[¡PP
[¡PP
Diagram 2, turned version.
Electrical conections
Place holder for
user manual
Filterholders
Supply to dwelling
(High-Rise Building)
Exhaust to atmosphere
Frost protection valve
Extract from dwelling
Fresh air intake
from atmosphere
Extract from
dwelling
Condensation
discharge
3.5
Duct connections
The HRU ECO 4 is delivered as standard with the motor
module at the left. Diagram 1 shows the duct connections
for the standard version.
Diagram 2 shows the duct connections for the turned
version.
All exhaust and supply air connections have an internal
diameter of 150 mm and external 180 mm. The connections
can be used to attach Itho modular rigid ducting and
insulated flexible aluminium ducts and accessories.
Each connection is provided with an illustration that
shows the direction and source of the air.
Filterholders
Place holder for
user manual
[¡PP
Turned version.
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Supply to home in high-rise building
The connection is at the top for a high-rise building unit.
The supply nozzle for a low-rise building is not used.
Suction of fresh outside air
This nozzle is used for the intake of outside air. This duct
should be thermally insulated and damp proof to prevent
condensation on the outside of the duct.
Return from home for low-rise and high-rise buildings
These nozzles are used for the air sucked from the home.
The ducts do not require thermal insulation. These two
nozzles are connected internally. The selection of one of
the two nozzles for the return air connection is; therefore,
open to the installer for both the low-rise and high-rise
buildings. It is also possible to use both nozzles, which has
a positive influence on the resistance of the duct system.
The red cap is used to close off the unused nozzle.
Discharge to outside
This nozzle is used for the discharge of air. This duct
should be thermally insulated and damp proof to prevent
condensation on the inside and outside of the duct.
If venting to the roof, we recommend using a lead-through
for the roof that does not allow condensation or rain to
enter. If this is not the case, the parts of the duct system
between the discharge nozzle and the lead-through in
the roof should be water-tight. The unit discharges any
condensed water through the condensation discharge.
3.6
Connecting the condensation discharge
The condensation discharge piping is located at the
bottom of the HRU ECO 4. Connect this properly to prevent
damage to the unit by condensation. The exterior diameter
of the glued joint of the supplied condensation discharge
coupling is 40 mm. All other materials are to be procured
elsewhere.
This condensation discharge can be mounted to a hose
column using a glued joint. A hose with an inner diameter
of at least 20 mm should be mounted. Make sure that
the hose is placed sufficiently deep into the air trap
(at least 30 mm below water level). Cut the end of the
hosediagonally.
Supply to home in low-rise building
Heated air is supplied to the home through this nozzle.
The connection is at the bottom for a low-rise building unit.
The supply nozzle for a high-rise building unit is not used.
The silencer duct should be added to the supply duct to the
home to achieve the optimum comfort level in the home.
The condensation discharge can also be connected using
PVC house waste water material. A provision to be able to
refill the air trap should be added in that case.
Pour water into the air trap and check the condensation
discharge for leakage.
Make sure that the air trap is not completely glued
together to allow for the cleaning of the air trap.
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3.7
Capacity settings
The standard version of the plastic connection cover of the
HRU ECO 4 has two potentiometers for the low mode and
the high mode, respectively. These are used to determine
the ventilation capacity for the low mode and the high
mode. The medium mode is set to the arithmetic average
of the low mode and the high mode. As standard, the high
mode is set to 225 m3/h.
The time setting depends on the number of times the timer
button is pressed consecutively:
- Press the timer button once to set the ventilation unit to
high mode for 10 minutes.
- Press the timer button twice to set the ventilation unit to
high mode for 20 minutes.
- he timer button three times to set the ventilation unit to
high mode for 30 minutes.
If the operation switch is used by choosing mode 1, 2 or 3
while the timer is in operation, the timer is switched off
and the ventilation unit operates in the chosen mode.
The radio frequency operation does not require additional
cabling.
CAUTIoN! The range of the RFT operation switch
(transmitter) is 100 metres in a free field.
The distance at which the RFT operation switch can
function properly depends on the obstacles interfering
with the RFT signal, i.e., the walls and floors between
the RFT operation switch and the receiver.
The ventilation volume may only be increased using
the trimmer if and when the required air volume is not
attained when the valves are set and the valves are already
completely open. This ensures that as little energy as
possible is used.
3.8
3.9
Control using RFT Switch
hard wired 3 position switch
The HRU ECO 4 can be operated using the 3 position switch
HRS-3. Step one is used at night, step two during the
day when there are people at home and step three when
cooking, showering or bathing.
The HRU ECO 4 can be operated using the RFT Switches.
These are used to switch between low, medium and high
mode. The low mode is used at night, the medium mode
during the day when there are people at home and the high
mode when cooking, showering or bathing.
The RFT Switches are often placed in the wet rooms,
(kitchen, bathroom etc). The RFT operation switch can be
used to operate the ventilation from multiple locations
(refer to Section 3.10). Up to 20 wireless RFT operation
switches can be used to operate the HRU ECO 4.
The RFT operation switch (transmitter) can be used to set
the ventilation unit to one of the three ventilation modes
(capacities): low, medium and high. The switch also has
a timer. The ventilation unit is switched to high mode for
a predetermined time when the timer button is pressed.
The timer automatically switches the ventilation unit to
low mode after the time has elapsed.
Additional wording:
The RTF unit comes with a 5 core cable, Live, Neutral and
Earth.
To be fitted on a 3 amp fuse if on the main ring circuit or on
the 5 amp lighting circuit.
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3.10
Registration of the RFT operation switch
Additional paragraph:
The hard wired version comes with a 5 core cable, Live,
Neutral, Earth and 2 switch lives for medium and high
speed.
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4 Maintenance
Insect filter
Once a year, the mosquito filter must be cleaned.
The occupant can do this him / herself. First, remove the
power cable. Remove the yellow cap at the top of the unit.
Now insert the nozzle of the vacuum cleaner into the hole
and turn on the vacuum cleaner. This way the vacuum
cleaner removes any mosquitoes and suchlike present.
Replace the yellow cap and switch the unit on again.
4.1
Cleaning grilles without filters
Grilles without filters can be taken out of the duct opening
(twist to the left). Before you clean the grille in warm
water (with detergent), remove the foam plastic ring. After
cleaning, the grille can be replaced in the duct opening
with a twist to the left. Always make sure you replace a
grille in the same room.
The filters
For the user,
maintenance is limited
to cleaning the filters. In
order to safeguard the
proper functioning of
the unit, the filters will
have to be cleaned or
replaced on an annual
basis. This may differ
per situation depanding
on the environmental
pollution from industry or traffic and also activities within
the dwelling.
4.2
heat exchanger service
The long-term efficiency of the heat exchanger may
decrease due to the insulation effect of contamination that
got past the filters. How often the heat exchanger should
be cleaned depends on the maintenance of the filters.
The heat exchanger will need inspecting and cleaning
every 6 years.
The heat exchanger can be cleaned as follows:
- Remove the filters from the unit as described in Section
4.1.
- Unscrew the two nuts at the bottom of the unit but make
sure the nuts remain on the bolt.
Replace the filters in this order:
- Take the power cable
out of the socket or
switch off the current at
the main switch.
- Pull the filter holders
out of the unit.
- Remove the old filter from the filter holder.
- Clean the old filter or take the new one from the
packaging (filters can be cleaned with a vacuum
cleaner).
- Place the new filter in the filter holder.
- Put the power cable back in the socket.
- Remove the heat exchanger from the unit by pulling the
clamping strip. This action causes friction because the
unit has to be as leak-proof as possible. Hold the bottom
of the unit to ensure it stays against the wall. Use the
clamping strip to carry the heat exchanger. Do not use
the green surfaces to carry it.
CAUTIoN! The heat exchanger may leak condensation.
This is normal and is not a problem.
- Rinse the heat exchanger using a soap solution.
- Slide the heat exchanger back into the unit without
tilting it. The green surface should be parallel to the
edge of the housing.
- Slide the filters into the unit until the filter no longer
protrudes from the surface of the heat exchanger.
- Fasten the two nuts on the bottom of the unit.
- If the sealing disk is not attached to the front door,
it should be placed against the heat exchanger.
- Put the front door back by pushing it horizontally into
the hole.
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- Disconnect the electric cable from the bypass frost valve
motor. This has to take place near the supply fan.
- Slide the motor module from the unit while holding the
housing to ensure the unit stays mounted on the wall.
Follow the instructions in reverse order to mount
the motor module:
- Slide the motor module into the ventilation unit.
Push the casing a little outwards to make it easier
to slide the motor module into the unit. The motor
module will encounter some resistance when it is at
approximately 3 cm from the fully inserted position.
Press the motor module a little outwards from the
inside of the unit.
- Slide the motor module until the edge of the housing is
level with the module.
- Reconnect the bypass cable and the connector.
- Position the heat exchanger.
- Fasten the two nuts on the bottom of the unit.
- Place the filters.
- Place the sealing disk.
- Mount the front door.
- Connect the communication cables.
- Place the feeder cable in the wall socket.
- The unit is now ready for use.
- Turn the front 90 degrees clockwise until the front door
is vertically in the unit.
- Place the feeder cable in the wall socket.
- The HRU ECO 4 is ready for use.
Replacement Heat Exchangers are available from Itho
UK Ltd.
4.3
Maintenance of Ducting
It is our recommendation that the ducting connected to the
Extract Terminals (located in Kitchens, Utilities, Bathrooms
and En-suites) needs to be inspected every 3 years and
cleaned every 6 years. Cleaning of the grille and ducting
can be carried out with a damp cloth.
4.5
Fans
The unit has two energy-saving direct current motors.
The fans have a permanent magnet motor and, therefore,
the required energy supply is minimal. The blades are
robust and bent backwards. The shape of the blades
ensures the fan is less susceptible to long-term
contamination. The maintenance frequency for the
cleaning of the blades is normally once every six years,
but this depends on the maintenance of the filters.
4.4
Motor module
All moving parts, except the bypass and the frost
protection, are located in the motor module. The motor
module can be replaced or repaired outside the unit in
case of malfunction. The motor module consists of a hard
synthetic plate. The fans and the control are mounted on
this plate. This hard synthetic plate is jammed in the black
synthetic foam housing.
Follow these instructions to assemble and disassemble
the fans:
- Remove the two screws which secure the printed circuit
board module to the motor module.
- Remove the insulation plate.
- Turn the printed circuit board module and pull the
connector from the frost protection sensors and the
connector from the bypass. These are the connectors to
the cables that are led through the black foam synthetic
housing.
- The hard synthetic plate including the fans, power
supply and control can now be separated from the black
foam synthetic housing.
- The fans can now be removed:
- Remove the cable seal from the hole.
- Disconnect the connector from the printed circuit board.
- Loosen the four M4 nuts.
- Remove the fan including the vibration dampers from
Follow these instructions for replacing the motor module:
- Isolate the product from the electrical supply
- Remove the communication cables from the unit
connectors.
- Remove the filters and the heat exchanger as described
in Section 4.2.
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the motor plate and pull the cable with the connector
through the hole in the motor plate.
- The fan is now ready for cleaning or replacement.
Follow the instructions in reversed order to mount
the fans:
- Pull the cable with the connector through the
corresponding opening in the motor plate.
- Put the ventilator in position by pushing the studs of
the four vibration dampers through the motor plate.
- Add a blocker ring to every vibration damper. This
prevents loosening through vibration.
- Fasten the four M4 nuts.
- Add the cable seal.
- Connect the connector to the printed circuit board.
Attention: The upper fan should be connected to the
lower connector. The lower fan should be connected
to the upper connector. The frost protection does not
function if this is the other way around. Reconnect
the frost protection sensors connector and the bypass
connector. Refer to Section 4.5 for instructions on
connecting the printed circuit board.
4.6
Control printed circuit board
The control does not require maintenance. An overview
of the functions of the critical parts is provided to help
solve the problem in the event of malfunction:
1. Feeder cable connector.
2. Glass fuse T2A/250 V (20 x 5 mm).
3. Potentiometer low speed.
4. Potentiometer high speed.
5. Dipswitch VKK (1) and AWW (2) - VKK not for UK market.
6. Connector I2C.
7. Connector control printed circuit board.
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5 Troubleshooting
5.1
Troubleshooting work method
The following table contains a list of possible problems.
Each problem is followed by a number. This is the number
of the possible cause of the problem. This number can
be used to find the possible cause in the table of causes.
Each cause is also followed by a number. This is the
number of the possible solution. Follow the instructions
specified in the table.
5.2
5.4
Table of solutions
No.
Possiblesolutionorexplanation
1
Check whether the wall socket has supply voltage and
repair if required. Check the operation of the unit.
2
Check whether the plug has been fitted correctly to
the unit connector. Check the operation of the unit.
3
Remove the motor module (refer to Section 4.3).
Check the other parts to find the cause of the
triggering of the fuse. Correct any defects and replace
Table of possible problems
the fuse T2A /250 V (20 x 5 mm). Check the operation
No.
Possibleproblem
Numberofcause
1
Neither fan functions.
2
Only the intake fan functions.
3
Only the discharge fan functions.
5; 4
4
The unit is leaking water.
6; 7
5
The duct is leaking water.
8; 9
6
The unit is making a noise.
10; 11
Check whether the connector of the intake fan has not
7
The valves are making a noise.
12; 13
been exchanged with the connector of the discharge
8
The air quality in the home is bad.
9
The unit does not respond to the
of the unit.
4
1; 2; 3
correctly to the printed circuit board. Check the
operation of the unit.
5
Remove the motor module (refer to Section 4.3).
fan (chapter 5.4). Check the operation of the unit.
13
6
3-position mode switch.
Remove the motor module (refer to Section 4.3).
Check whether the fan connector had been fitted
4
Switch the control of the intake fan off in case of very
low outside temperature to avoid frost problems.
14
When the outside temperature rises again, the intake
5.3
fan will automatically be switched on. This is not a
Table of causes
fault.
No.
Possibleproblem
Numberofcause
1
No power supply to the wall socket.
2
The supply cable is not fitted correctly
7
Moisture may enter the heat exchanger due to
differences in air temperature. This is normal.
1
Connect the condensation discharge.
to the unit connector.
2
8
Remove the obstacle in the condensation discharge.
3
The fuse on the printed circuit board is faulty.
3
9
Insulate the ducts thermally and make sure they are
4
The fan’s connector on the printed circuit
board is not fitted correctly.
5
The frost protection is active.
6
The condensation discharge has not
damp proof.
7
7
The condensation discharge is clogged.
8
8
The ducts have not been insulated thermally
9
11
Ensure the unit is mounted on a wall with a mass of
12
Close off the unused nozzle using a cap.
13
Mount the sound insulation duct.
14
Synchronise the valves using the air balance
at least 200 kg/m2.
9
A roof lead-through has been applied which
calculation.
is not rain-tight, thermally insulated or
damp proof.
Use a rain-tight, thermally insulated and damp proof
roof lead-through.
6
been connected.
or are not damp proof.
10
4; 5
15
Replace the 3-position mode switch.
10
10
The unit has been mounted on a wall with a
mass less than 200 kg/m2.
11
11
The unused nozzle has not been capped.
12
12
An sound insulation hose has NOT been mounted. 13
13
The valves have not been synchronised correctly.
14
14
The 3-position mode switch is faulty.
15
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Notes
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Climate
for life
Itho strives at all times to offer people
harmoniously together. We want a more
with very little effort. You can recognise
an enjoyable living and working
comfortable and healthier living
these solutions by the Itho Living Blue
environment with its innovative solutions
environment but at the same time, we
label. Our aim is to develop climate
in climate systems. These are solutions
aim for lower energy consumption.
systems that respect the world around
for temperature, clean air and hot
With sustainable technologies and
us. Your wishes become our inspiration
water in the domestic environment in
innovations, Itho proves that seemingly
and Itho works constantly to achieve
which people and environment go
opposite objectives can be combined
this: Climate for life.
211.0601 Instalhandl 205-0188 HRU_ECO4.indd 1
205-0188/0711/ED
Itho UK Ltd
10 Faraday Court
First Avenue
Burton on Trent
DE14 2WX
T +44 (0) 845 250 8090
F +44 (0) 845 250 8091
E [email protected]
I www.itho.co.uk
25-07-11 14:02
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