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PJ502C-LCD PJ702C-LCD
USER MANUAL
VOLUME1
Manufactured by R.V.R ELETTRONICA S.p.A. Italy
File Name:
PJ502_702C-LCD_GREEN-LINE_ING_1.0.indb
Version:
1.0
Date:
22/03/2012
Revision History
Date
Version
22/03/2012 1.0
Reason
First Version
Editor
J. H. Berti
PJ502C-LCD PJ702C-LCD - User Manual
Version 1.0
© Copyright 2012
R.V.R. Elettronica SpA
Via del Fonditore 2/2c - 40138 - Bologna (Italia)
Telephone: +39 051 6010506
Fax: +39 051 6011104
Email:
[email protected]
Web:
www.rvr.it
All rights reserved
Printed and bound in Italy. No part of this manual may be reproduced,
memorized or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic
or mechanic, including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval system, without written permission of the
copyright owner.
PJ502/702C-LCD
Table of Contents
1.
2.
3.
3.1
3.2
4.
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
5.
5.1 5.2
5.3
5.4
6.
6.1 7.
7.1
7.1
7.3
7.4 7.5
7.6
7.7
Preliminary Instructions
Warranty
First Aid
Treatment of electrical shocks
Treatment of electrical Burns
General Description
Unpacking
Features
Frontal Panel Description
Rear Panel Description
Connectors Description
Technical Description
Quick guide for installation and use
Preparation
First power-on and setup
Operation
Management Firmware
Identification and Access to the Modules
Identification of the Modules Working Principles
Panel board Telemetry board Power Supply
Power Amplifier
Control Board
Low Pass Filter Card
Bias Card
User Manual
Rev. 1.0 - 23/03/12
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Rev. 1.0 - 23/03/12
User Manual
PJ502/702C-LCD
IMPORTANT
The symbol of lightning inside a triangle placed on the product, evidences the operations for
which is necessary gave it full attention to avoid risk of electric shocks.
The symbol of exclamation mark inside a triangle placed on the product, informs the user
about the presence of instructions inside the manual that accompanies the equipment, important for the efficacy and the maintenance (repairs).
Make sure both are properly connected.
1. Preliminary Instructions
Operation of this equipment in a residential area may cause
radio interference, in which case the user may be required
to take adequate measures.
• General Warnings
This equipment should only be operated, installed and
maintained by “trained” or “qualified” personnel who are familiar
with risks involved in working on electric and electronic circuits.
“Trained” means personnel who have technical knowledge of
equipment operation and who are responsible for their own
safety and that of other unqualified personnel placed under
their supervision when working on the equipment.
“Qualified” means personnel who are trained in and
experienced with equipment operation and who are
responsible for their own safety and that of other unqualified
personnel placed under their supervision when working on
the equipment.
The specifications and data contained herein are provided
for information only and are subject to changes without prior
notice. R.V.R. Elettronica S.p.A. disclaims all warranties,
express or implied.While R.V.R. Elettronica S.p.A.
attempts to provide accurate information, it cannot accept
responsibility or liability for any errors or inaccuracies in this
manual, including the products and the software described
herein. R.V.R. Elettronica S.p.A. reserves the right to make
changes to equipment design and/or specifications and to
this manual at any time without prior notice.
WARNING: Residual voltage may be present inside
the equipment even when the ON/OFF switch is set to
Off. Before servicing the equipment, disconnect the
power cord or switch off the main power panel and
make sure the safety earth connection is connected.
Some service situations may require inspecting the
equipment with live circuits. Only trained and qualified
personnel may work on the equipment live and shall be
assisted by a trained person who shall keep ready to
disconnect power supply at need.
This product is a radio transmitter suitable for frequencymodulation audio radio broadcasting. Its operating
frequencies are not harmonised in designated user countries.
Before operating this equipment, user must
obtain a licence to use radio spectrum from the
competent authority in the designated user country.
Operating frequency, transmitter power and other
characteristics of the transmission system are subject to
restrictions as specified in the licence.
R.V.R. Elettronica S.p.A. shall not be liable for injury to
persons or damage to property resulting from improper use
or operation by trained/untrained and qualified/unqualified
persons.
WARNING: The equipment is not water resistant.
Any water entering the enclosure might impair proper
operation. To prevent the risk of electrical shock or
fire, do not expose this equipment to rain, dripping or
moisture.
Please observe local codes and fire prevention rules when
installing and operating this equipment.
WARNING: This equipment contains exposed
live parts involving an electrical shock hazard. Always
disconnect power supply before removing any covers
or other parts of the equipment.
Ventilation slits and holes are provided to ensure reliable
operation and prevent overheating; do not obstruct or
cover these slits. Do not obstruct the ventilation slits under
any circumstances. The product must not be incorporated
in a rack unless adequate ventilation is provided or the
manufacturer’s instructions are followed closely.
WA R N I N G : T h i s e q u i p m e n t c a n r a d i a t e
radiofrequency energy and, if not installed in compliance
with manual instructions and applicable regulations,
may cause interference with radio communications.
WARNING: This equipment is fitted with earth
connections both in the power cord and for the chassis.
User Manual
• Notice concerning product intended purpose and use
limitations.
2. Warranty
La R.V.R. Elettronica S.p.A. warrants this product to be free
from defects in workmanship and its proper operation subject
to the limitations set forth in the supplied Terms and Conditions.
Please read the Terms and Conditions carefully, as purchase
of the product or acceptance of the order acknowledgement
imply acceptance of the Terms and Conditions.
For the latest updated terms and conditions, please visit our web
site at WWW.RVR.IT. The web site may be modified, removed
or updated for any reason whatsoever without prior notice.
The warranty will become null and void in the event the
product enclosure is opened, the product is physically
damaged, is repaired by unauthorised persons or is used for
purposes other than its intended use, as well as in the event
of improper use, unauthorised changes or neglect. In the event a defect is found, follow this procedure:
1 Contact the seller or distributor who sold the equipment;
provide a description of the problem or malfunction for
the event a quick fix is available. Sellers and Distributors can provide the necessary
information to troubleshoot the most frequently encountered
problems. Normally, Sellers and Distributors can offer a
faster repair service than the Manufacturer would. Please
note that Sellers can pinpoint problems due to wrong
installation.
2 If your Seller cannot help you, contact R.V.R. Elettronica
S.p.A. and describe the problem; if our staff deems it
appropriate, you will receive an authorisation to return
the equipment along with suitable instructions;
3 When you have received the authorisation, you may
return the unit. Pack the unit carefully before shipment;
use the original packaging whenever possible and seal
the package perfectly. The customer bears all risks of
loss (i.e., R.V.R. shall not be liable for loss or damage)
until the package reaches the R.V.R. factory. For this
reason, we recommend insuring the goods for their full
value. Returns must be sent on a C.I.F. basis (PREPAID)
to the address stated on the authorisation as specified
by the R.V.R. Service Manager.
Rev. 1.0 - 23/03/12
/ 26
PJ502/702C-LCD
Units returned without a return authorisation may
be rejected and sent back to the sender.
4 Be sure to include a detailed report mentioning all
problems you have found and copy of your original
invoice (to show when the warranty period began) with
the shipment.
Please send spare and warranty replacement parts orders to
the address provided below. Make sure to specify equipment
model and serial number, as well as part description and
quantity.
3.1.2
R.V.R. Elettronica S.p.A.
Via del Fonditore, 2/2c
40138 BOLOGNA ITALY
Tel. +39 051 6010506
3. First Aid
All personnel engaged in equipment installation, operation
and maintenance must be familiar with first aid procedures
and routines.
3.1
Electric shock treatment
3.1.1
If the victim is unconscious
Lay the victim down on his/her back on a firm
surface.
•
the neck and tilt the head backwards to free
Do not stop chest compressions while giving
artificial breathing.
•
Call for medical help as soon as possible.
If the victim is conscious
•
Cover victim with a blanket.
•
Try to reassure the victim.
•
Loosen the victim’s clothing and have him/her
lie down.
•
Call for medical help as soon as possible.
3.2
Treatment of electric burns
3.2.1
Large burns and broken skin
Follow the first aid procedures outlined below.
•
•
•
Cover affected area with a clean cloth or
linen.
•
Do not break any blisters that have formed;
remove any clothing or fabric that is stuck to
the skin; apply adequate ointment.
•
Administer adequate treatment for the type of
accident.
•
Get the victim to a hospital as quickly as
possible.
•
Elevate arms and legs if injured.
If medical help is not available within an hour, the victim is
conscious and is not retching, administer a solution of table
salt and baking soda (one teaspoon of table salt to half
teaspoon of baking soda every 250 ml of water).
the airway system (Figure 1).
Have the victim slowly drink half a glass of solution for four
times during a period of 15 minutes.
Stop at the first sign of retching.
Do not administer alcoholic beverages.
Figure 1
•
If needed, open the victim’s mouth and check
for breathing.
•
If there is no breathing, start artificial respiration
without delay (Figure 2) as follows: tilt the head
backwards, pinch the nostrils, seal your mouth
around the victim’s mouth and give four fast
rescue breaths.
3.2.2 Minor burns
•
Apply cold (not ice cold) strips of gauze or dress
wound with clean cloth.
•
Do not break any blisters that have formed;
remove any clothing or fabric that is stuck to
the skin; apply adequate ointment.
•
If needed, have the victim change into clean,
dry clothing.
•
Administer adequate treatment for the type of
accident.
•
Get the victim to a hospital as quickly as
possible.
•
Elevate arms and legs if injured.
Figure 2
•
/ 26
Check for heartbeat (Figure 3); if there is
no heartbeat, begin chest compressions
immediately (Figure 4) placing your hands in
the centre of the victim’s chest (Figure 5).
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
•
One rescuer: give 2 quick rescue breaths after
each 15 compressions.
•
Two rescuers: one rescue breath after each 5
compressions.
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User Manual
PJ502/702C-LCD
4. General Description
The PJ502/702C-LCD is an radio broadcasting amplifier manufactured by R.V.R.
Elettronica SpA featuring adjustable RF power output up to 500/700 W under 50
Ohm standard load and less than 15 W drive power requirement.
The PJ502/702C-LCD are designed to being contained into a 19” rack box of
2HE.
4.1 Unpacking
The package contains:
1 PJ502C-LCD or PJ702C-LCD
1 User Manual
1 Mains power cables
The following accessories are also available from Your R.V.R. Dealer:
• Accessories, spare parts and cables
4.2 Features
The amplifier incorporates a low-pass filter to keep harmonics below the limits
provided for by international standards (CCIR, FCC or ETSI).
Two major features of PJ502/702C-LCD are compact design and user-friendliness.
Another key feature is its modular-concept design: the different functions are
performed by modules with most connections achieved through male and female
connectors or through flat cables terminated by connectors. This design facilitates
maintenance and module replacement.
The RF power section uses two one MOSFET module (MRF6VP11KH) able to
deliver over 500 or 700W depending the version.
An LCD on the front panel and a push-button panel provide for user interfacing with
the microprocessor control system, which implements the following features:
• Output power setup.
• Power output enable/disable.
• User-selectable threshold settings for output power alarm (Power Good
feature)
• Measurement and display of amplifier operating parameters.
• Communication with external devices such as programming or telemetry
systems via RS232 serial interface or I2C.
User Manual
Rev. 1.0 - 23/03/12
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PJ502/702C-LCD
Four LEDs on the front panel provide the following status indications: ON, FAULT,
FOLDBACK and RF MUTE.
The amplifier management firmware is based on a menu system. User has four
navigation buttons available to browse submenus: ESC , , , ed ENTER.
The rear panel features the mains input connectors, RF power input and output
connectors, remote connector, protection fuse, interlock input and interlock output
connectors and a BNC connector that provides an RF test point with level being
-60 dBc lower than power ouput.
/ 26
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User Manual
PJ502/702C-LCD
4.3 Frontal Panel Description
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
AIR FLOW ON
FAULT
FOLDBACK
[5] R.F. MUTE
[6] CONTRAST
[7] ESC
[8]
[9]
[10] ENTER
[11] DISPLAY
[12] POWER
User Manual
Air flow for the forced ventilation.
Green LED, lit when the amplifier is working.
Red led, lit when the machine is in permanent fault lock-out mode.
Yellow LED, lit when the foldback current limiting (Automatic Gain
Control) is intervened
Yellow LED, lit when the amplifier’s power output is inhibited by an
external interlock command.
Display contrast adjusting trimmer (on the top of the equipment).
Press button to exit from a menu.
Press button to move in the menu system and to modify the
parameters.
Press button to move in the menu system and to modify the
parameters.
Press button to confirm a parameter and to enter in a menu.
Liquid Crystals Display.
AC mains ON/OFF switch.
Rev. 1.0 - 23/03/12
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PJ502/702C-LCD
4.4 Rear Panel Description
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
PLUG
FAN
R.F. OUTPUT REMOTE
FUSE BLOCK
[6] R.F. TEST
[7] I2C BUS
[8] SERVICE
[9] INPUT PWR [10]INTERLOCK OUT
[11]INTERLOCK IN
/ 26
VDE plug for mains supply, 80 - 260V 50-60 Hz.
Fan for the forced ventilation of the amplifier.
RF output connector, N-type, 50Ω.
DB25 connector for telemetry of the machine.
Fuse carrier. Use a screwdriver to access the fuse. Contains
the general protection fuse rated 8AT 5x20.
RF test output, approx. -60 dBc
DB9 connector for I2C bus networking.
DB9 connector for interconnection with other devices
and for factory parameters programming (only for factory
programming).
RF input connector, N-type, 50Ω.
Interlock output BNC connector: to inhibit an external
device, as an exciter. In case of fault, the inner connector is
shorted to ground.
Interlock input BNC connector: to inhibit the amplifier from
an external device, like an exciter.
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User Manual
PJ502/702C-LCD
4.5 Connectors Description
4.5.1 Remote
Type: Female DB25
1
NC
2
RF power amplifier voltage
3,9V x 40V
3
GND
GND
3.9V x 50/50W
4
Reflected Power
(depend of models)
5
Interlock 6
Set 4
7
GND
GND
8
“On” Command 9
Set 1
10 WAIT
11 Reset alarm
12 OFF
13 Interlock
14 NC
3.9V x 20/20A
15 RF power amplifier current (depend of models)
16 Forward Power
3.9V x 500/700W
(depend of models)
17 FAULT
18 Set 3
19 NC
20 “OFF” Command
21 GND
GND
22 Set 2
23 LOC
24 +Vcc
25 ON
4.5.2 I2C Bus
Type: Male DB9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
User Manual
NC
SDA
SCL
NC
GND
NC
NC
NC
NC
Serial DAta
Serial CLock
GND
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PJ502/702C-LCD
4.5.3 Service (for programming of factory parameters)
Type: Female DB9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
/ 26
NC
TX_D
RX_D
Internally connected with 6
GND
Internally connected with 4
Internally connected with 8
Internally connected with 7
NC
Rev. 1.0 - 23/03/12
User Manual
PJ502/702C-LCD
4.6 Technical Description
Parameters
GENERALS
Frequency range
Rated output power
Input power for rated output
Power supply type
AC Supply Voltage
DC Supply Voltage
AC Apparent Power Consumption
Active Power Consumption
RF Fan active Power consumption
RF module efficiency
Overall efficiency
Input device
Display
Overall Phisical Dimensions
Ambient working temperature
Spurious & harmonic suppression
Conditions
Mains input voltage range
CPU backup Input Voltage
Front panel width
Front panel height
Overall depth
PJ502C-LCD
PJ702C-LCD
U.M.
Value
Value
MHz
W
W
87.5 ÷ 108
500
15
Mono phase
230 ±15%
87.5 ÷ 108
700
15
Mono phase
230 ±15%
700
1010
694
1000
13
85
72
4 pushbutton
Alphanumerical LCD - 2 x 16
483
2
520
0 to + 50 (operational -10)
13
85
72
4 pushbutton
Alphanumerical LCD - 2 x 16
483
2
520
0 to + 50 (operational -10)
<75 (80 typical)
<75 (80 typical)
Ohm
W
N type
50
15
N type
50
15
W
20
20
N female type
50
BNC
50
approx. -60 dBc
N female type
50
BNC
50
approx. -60 dBc
Referred to the RF output
BNC
BNC
BNC
BNC
For remote power inhibition (short is RF off)
For remote power inhibition (short is RF off)
DB9 F
DB9 F
DB9 F
DB9 F
Factory reserved for firmware program
DB25F
DB25F
VAC
VDC
VA
W
W
%
%
mm
HE
mm
°C
dBc
Meets or exceeds all FCC and CCIR rules
RF INPUT
RF Input
Driver power for rated output
Connector
Impedance
Max input power before protection
RF OUTPUTS
RF Output
RF Monitor
Connector
Impedance
Ohm
Connector
Impedance
Output Level
Ohm
dB
AUXILIARY CONNECTIONS
Interlock Input
Interlock Output
RS232 Serial Interface
Service
I2Cbus
Modem
RS485 Serial Interface
Remote Interface
Telemetry Interface
Connector
Connector
Connector
Connector
Connector
Connector
Connector
Connector
Connector
POWER REQUIREMENTS
AC Power Input
AC Supply Voltage
VAC
230 ±15%
230 ±15%
AC Apparent Power Consumption
VA
W
700
694
0,98
morsettiera
1010
1000
0,98
morsettiera
1 External fuse F 8 T - 5x20
mm
1 External fuse F 8 T - 5x20
mm
483 (19")
88(xxx")
390
370 (xxxx)
about 10
483 (19")
88(xxx")
390
370 (xxxx)
about 10
Command ON
Command OFF
Alarm Reset
FWD power
REF power
Command ON
Command OFF
Alarm Reset
FWD power
REF power
VPA
IPA
VPA
IPA
Status ON
Status OFF
Power Good 1
Power Good 2
Status ON
Status OFF
Power Good 1
Power Good 2
Wait
Fault
Local
Interlock
I2Cbus
Wait
Fault
Local
Interlock
I2Cbus
Forced, with internal fan
200
Forced, with internal fan
300
<75
<75
EN60215
EN 301 489-11
EN60215
EN 301 489-11
Active Power Consumption
Power Factor
Connector
DC Power Input
DC Supply Voltage
DC Current
VDC
ADC
(*) Full range (**) Internal switch
FUSES
On Mains
On services
On PA Supply
On Aux VDE socket
MECHANICAL DIMENSIONS
Front panel width
Phisical Dimensions
Front panel height
Overall depth
Chassis depth
Weigh
mm
mm
mm
mm
kg
19" EIA rack
OPTIONS
code
code
TELEMETRY / TELECONTROL
Telemetry connector inputs
Remote connector outputs
Remote connector others
Pulse
Pulse
Pulse
Analogical level
Analogical level
Analogical level
Analogical level
Analogical level
Analogical level
Analogical level
Open Collector
Open Collector
Open Collector
Open Collector
Open Collector
Open Collector
Open Collector
Open Collector
ON / OFF level
VARIOUS
Cooling type
Potenza dissipata in calore
Acoustic Noise
W
dBA
Leq 3 min @ 1 m
STANDARD COMPLIANCE
Safety
EMC
Spectrum Optimization
User Manual
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PJ502/702C-LCD
5. Quick guide for installation and use
This section provides a step-by-step description of equipment installation and
configuration procedure. Follow these procedures closely upon first power-on
and each time any change is made to general configuration, such as when a new
transmission station is added or the equipment is replaced.
Once the desired configuration has been set up, no more settings are required
for normal operation; at each power-up (even after an accidental shutdown),
the equipment defaults to the parameters set during the initial configuration
procedure.
The topics covered in this section are discussed at greater length in the next
sections, with detailed descriptions of all hardware and firmware features and
capabilities. Please see the relevant sections for additional details.
IMPORTANT: When configuring and testing the transmitter in which the equipment
is integrated, be sure to have the Final Test Table supplied with the equipment ready
at hand throughout the whole procedure; the Final Test Table lists all operating
parameters as set and tested at the factory.
5.1 Preparation
5.1.1 Preliminary checks
Unpack the amplifier and immediately inspect it for transport damage. Ensure that
all connectors are in perfect condition.
The main fuse can be accessed from the outside on the rear panel. Extract the fuse
carrier with a screwdriver to check its integrity or for replacement, if necessary.
The following fuses are used:
@ 230 ±15% Vac
Main Fuse
8A-T type 5x20
(fig. 6.2 – item [9])
Table 5.1: Fuse
The main power supply unit is the full-range type and requires no voltage setup.
Provide for the following (applicable to operating tests and putting into service):
√ Single-phase 230 ±15% Vac mains power supply for PJ502/702C-LCD, with
adequate earth connection.
√ For operating tests only: dummy load with 50 Ohm impedance and adequate
capacity (500W for PJ502C-LCD or 700W for PJ702C-LCD as a minimum).
√ Connection cable kit including:
10 / 26
Rev. 1.0 - 23/03/12
User Manual
PJ502/702C-LCD
• Mains power cable.
• Coaxial cable with BNC connectors for interlock signal connection between
exciter and amplifier.
• RF cable for output to load / antenna (50 Ohm coaxial cable with N-type
connector).
5.1.2 Connections
Connect the output of a suitable FM exciter (for instance, TEX30LCD exciter
available from R.V.R. Elettronica) to the RF input using a 50 Ohm coaxial cable
with “N”-type connectors. To begin with, set exciter to minimum output power and
switch if off.
Connect the amplifier INTERLOCK OUT output to the matching INTERLOCK IN
input fitted on all R.V.R. Elettronica exciters as standard; if your exciter is a different
brand, identify an equivalent input.
Connect the RF output to an adequately rated dummy load or to the antenna.
Figure 5.2: connections with amplifier
WARNING: Electric shock hazard! Never handle the RF output connector
when the equipment is powered on and no load is connected. Injury or death
may result.
Ensure that the POWER switch on the front panel is set to “OFF”.
Connect the mains power cable to the MAINS terminal board on the rear panel.
Note : The mains must be equipped with adequate ground connection properly
User Manual
Rev. 1.0 - 23/03/12
11 / 26
PJ502/702C-LCD
connected to the machine. This is a pre-requisite for ensuring operator safety and
correct operation.
WARNING: The power supply connector is a terminal board. Ensure the wire
is not live before performing the connection.
5.2 First power-on and setup
Follow this procedure upon first power-on and after making changes to the
configuration of the transmitter in which the amplifier is integrated.
Note : Standard factory settings are RF output power off (Pwr OFF) and regulated
output power set to upper limit (unless otherwise specified by customer).
5.2.1
Pilot exciter setup
Set up the pilot exciter so that the output power it delivers to a matched load equals
the maximum input power indicated in the amplifier final test table, switch off the
exciter and connect it to the amplifier.
5.2.2 Power-on
When you have performed all of the connections described in the previous
paragraph, power on the amplifier using the suitable power switch on the front
panel. Power on the pilot exciter.
5.2.3 Power check
Ensure that the ON light turns on. Machine name should appear briefly on the
display, quickly followed by forward and reflected power readings (figure 5.2 - menu
1). If RF output is disabled, these readings will be zero.
5.2.4 How to enable the RF output
Check current mode setting and enable Local mode (if not already enabled)
following menu path Fnc ⇒ Loc ⇒ Local (figure 5.2): if left disabled, the machine
will not accept the next commands.
Check current RF output setting and enable output (if not already enabled) following
menu path Fnc ⇒ Pwr ⇒ ON (figure 5.2 - menu 4).
Check output power level and set to maximum level (if not already set to maximum)
from the Power Setup Menu, which you can call up by pressing these keys in the
order: ESC (opens Default Menu) ⇒ ENTER (hold down for 2 seconds) ⇒ SET
⇒ use key to set bar to maximum limit (figure 5.2 - menu 2).
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User Manual
PJ502/702C-LCD
5.2.5 RF output power level control
IMPORTANT: The amplifier incorporates Automatic Gain Control and output
power is modulated based on the power level set by the user and actual operating
conditions, such as temperature, reflected power and other parameters. Drive
power must be kept steady at maximum output power capacity. Please read section
5.3 for more details of RF power modulation.
Open the Power setup menu (figure 5.2 - menu 2) pressing the following keys
in the order:
ESC (opens Default Menu) ⇒ ENTER (hold down for 2 seconds)
Use SET menu
and
keys to set the desired amplifier output power; the SET
bar at the side provides a graphic display of set power, whereas the forward power
value shown on the display (Fwd: xxxx W) gives actual output power reading,
and may be lower than set power if an Automatic Gain Control is in limitedpower mode (please read section 5.3 concerning RF power modulation for more
details”.
Note : Output power can also be set in a Pwr OFF condition; in this condition,
(Fwd) output power reading on the display will be 0 (zero), whereas the SET bar,
which you can control using the keys, provides a graphic display of the amount of
power that will be delivered the moment you switch back to Pwr ON state.
5.2.6 Changing the Power Good alarm threshold
Change Forward Power Good alarm setting PgD from the Fnc menu as desired
(factory setting is 50%).
5.2.7 Setting equipment I2C address
Change the IIC address in the MIX (Miscellaneous) menu as desired (factory
setting is 01).
5.2.8 How to enable Remote mode
If you wish to use the telemetry control feature, enable Remote control in the Fnc
menu (see section 5.3.1 for details).
Note : In the Remote mode, all local push-button controls except Remote/Local
(for switching back to Local mode) are disabled . Operating parameter readings
are available.
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PJ502/702C-LCD
5.3 Operation
NOTE: For better clarity, only the typical screens of PJ702C-LCD are reported
below. PJ502C-LCD screens look the same except that full scale values are
different.
1) Power on the amplifier (chap. 6.1) and ensure that the ON light turns on (chap.
6.1). Machine name should appear briefly on the display, quickly followed by
forward and reflected power readings (Menu 1), provided that the amplifier is
delivering output power.
Menu 1
1b) To modify power level setting, hold down the ENTER button until opening
the power setup menu.
The edit screen will look like this:
Menu 2
Next to SET indication, a bar provides a graphic display of preset output power.
The filled portion of the bar is proportional to set power level. Example
100% output power
Full bar
50% output power
Half bar
25% output power
1/4 bar
≅ 700W in uscita
(mod.PJ702C-LCD)
≅ 500W in uscita
(mod.PJ502C-LCD)
≅ 350W in uscita
(mod.TEX702LCD)
≅ 250W in uscita
(mod.PJ502C-LCD)
≅ 175W in uscita
(mod.PJ702C-LCD)
≅ 125W in uscita
(mod.PJ502C-LCD)
The bottom line provides instantaneous power reading (697W in this instance);
press button
to increase level, press
to decrease it. When you have achieved
the desired level, press ENTER to confirm and exit the default menu. Please note
that the setting is stored automatically; in other words, if you press ESC or do not
press any keys before the preset time times out, the latest power level set will be
retained.
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NOTE: This feature prevents the machine from delivering maximum power as
soon as output is enabled from menu 4, or in the event the machine is already
set to ON and energised.
2) Ensure that machine is not in a locked-out state. Press the ESC key (chap.
6.1) to call up the selection screen (Menu 3). Highlight Fnc and press ENTER
to confirm (chap. 6.1) and access the appropriate menu (menu 4).
If LOC is set to REMOTE (machine remote control), move cursor to LOC and
press ENTER (chap. 6.1); label will change to LOCAL, i.e. local control operation
mode.
In the same menu, ensure that power limiting is disabled: if PWR is set to OFF,
i.e. power output is disabled, move cursor to PWR. Press ENTER (chap. 6.1
- [9]) and label will switch to ON, i.e. power output enabled.
Press ESC (chap. 6.1) twice to go back to the default menu (menu 1).
3) Fine tune power setting from menu 2 (see description of item 1b) until achieving
the desired value.
WARNING: Machine is capable of delivering more than rated output power
(500/700 W); however, never exceed the specified power rating.
NOTE: Exciter drive power setting should never exceed 20 W, or it will trigger
an Overdrive Alarm.
NOTE: If power is set to 0 W in the edit mode, the INTERLOCK OUT contact
(chap. 6.2) trips and external exciter power is immediately inhibited.
Next, you can review all operating parameters of the machine through the
management firmware.
Normally, the machine can run unattended. Any alarm condition is handled
automatically by the safety system or is signalled by the LED indicators on the
panel or by display messages.
NOTE: Standard factory settings are: output power set to upper limit (unless
otherwise specified by customer) and OFF.
5.4 Management Firmware
The machine features an LCD with two lines by 16 characters that displays a set
of menus. Figure 5.2 below provides an overview of machine menus.
The symbols listed below appear in the left portion of the display as appropriate:
(Cursor) - Highlights selected (i.e. accessible) menu.
(Filled arrow) - Editable parameter marker. This symbol appears in menus that
take up more than two lines to aid browsing.
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PJ502/702C-LCD
(Three empty arrows) - Parameter is being edited.
(Empty arrow) - Current line marker; the parameter in this line cannot be
edited. This symbol appears in menus that take up more than two lines to aid
browsing.
Menu2
Menu1
Default Menu
Power Setup Menu
Menu3
Selection Screen
Menu4
Operation Menu
Menu5
Power Menu
Menu6
P.A. Menu
Menu7
Alarm Menu
Menu8
Miscellaneous menu
Menu9
Version Menu
Figure 5.2
When the display is off, touching any key will turn on backlighting.
When the display is on, pressing the ESC button (chap. 6.1) from the default
menu (menu 1) calls up the selection screen (menu 3), which gives access to
all other menus:
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Menu 3
To gain access to a submenu, select menu name (name is highlighted by cursor)
using button
or
and press the ENTER button (chap. 6.1).
Press ESC again (chap. 6.1) to return to the default menu (menu 1).
5.4.1 Operation Menu (Fnc)
In this menu, you can set power output On/Off, toggle between “Local” or “Remote”
control mode and set the Forward Power Good (PgD) threshold rate.
To edit an item, highlight the appropriate line using the UP and DOWN buttons and
then press and hold the ENTER button (chap. 6.1) until the command is accepted.
This way, Pwr setting is toggled between On and Off and Mod setting is toggled
between “x1” and “x10”. To edit the Power Good rate, simply select item “PgD”
and edit its value using buttons
and
; finally, press ENTER to confirm (chap.
6.1).
Menu 4
Pwr
Enables (ON) or disables (OFF) amplifier power output.
Loc
Modifies machine operation. In the LOCAL mode, the machine can read
and modify its operating parameters through the navigation keys and the
management firmware, whereas all other sources are locked out. In the
REMOTE mode, the machine can only read its operating parameters;
parameters are modified based on the commands received from other
connected telemetry systems.
PgD
Modifies Power Good (forward power) threshold. The Power Good rate
is a percent of machine rated power (500W for PJ502C-LCD and 700
W for PJ702C-LCD), not of forward output power. This means that this
threshold set at 50% will give 250 or 350 W regardless of set power level.
The Power Good feature enables output power control and reporting.
When output power drops below set Power Good threshold, the machine
changes the state of pin [7] of the DB15 “Remote” connector located
on the rear panel (figure 6.3.2 - [6]).
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PJ502/702C-LCD
5.4.2 Power Menu (Pwr)
This screen holds all readings related to machine output power:
Menu 5
Fwd
Rfl
Inp
Forward power reading.
Reflected power reading.
Input power reading.
Note that these are readings, rather than settings, and cannot be edited (note
the empty arrow). To change power setting, go to the default menu (menu 1) as
outlined earlier.
5.4.3 Power Amplifier (P.A) Menu
This screen is made up of four lines that can be scrolled using the buttons
, shows the readings relating to final power stage:
and
Menu 6
Note that these are readings, rather than settings, and cannot be edited (note the
empty arrow).
VPA
IPA
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Voltage supplied to amplifier module.
Current absorbed to amplifier module.
Eff
Efficiency based on ratio of forward power to amplifier module power in percent ( FWD PWR/(Vpa x Ipa) % ).
Tmp
Machine internal temperature.
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PJ502/702C-LCD
5.4.4 Alarm Menu (Alm)
This menu shows any alarm conditions occurring during machine operation. Alarm
thresholds are preset at the factory.
Menu 7
FWD
RFL
INP
Counter of alarm conditions triggered by forward power.
Counter of alarm conditions triggered by reflected power.
Counter of alarm conditions triggered by input power.
Reset Alm Alarm counter reset.
Alarm conditions are numbered from 1 to 10 and reflect the following situations:
forward output power too high, reflected output power too high and input power
too high.
Alarm monitoring cycle is as follows: when an alarm condition is detected, alarm
counter increases by 1 unit, machine goes into lock-out state and the display shows
the cause for the stop (chap. 5.3.4.1). After 15 seconds, the machine attempts
to re-start; if a new alarm condition is detected, cycle is repeated over and over
again up to 10 times maximum.
If machine re-starts successfully, all alarm counters are reset after 30 minutes’
regular operation. After 10 alarm conditions triggered by the same cause, the
machine goes into fault lock-out mode, a lock-out mode warning appears on the
display and the “FAULT” LED turns on (chap. 6.1).
After the alarm condition has been rectified, the counter can be reset by highlighting
“Reset Alm” and holding down the ENTER key for some time (chap. 6.1).
5.4.4.1 Alarms and Faults
There are three types of alarms that can cause a machine lock-out and trigger
a “FAULT/LOCK” indication. When any one of the three alarm thresholds is
exceeded, the system will automatically switch to the warning screen (even
though the user is browsing system menus) and the following messages
are displayed:
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PJ502/702C-LCD
1. Over Forward Power
Forward power threshold exceeded.
Alarm 1
2. Over Reflected Power
Reflected power threshold exceeded.
Alarm 2
3. Over Input Power
Input power threshold exceeded.
Alarm 3
Monitoring cycle is as follows:
• An alarm condition occurs;
• Alarm is displayed and device is locked out for 15 sec.;
• Operating conditions are restored;
• Verification.
Upon reaching the 10 cycle limit, a “FAULT” indication is triggered and the device
goes into lock-out mode; the appropriate LED turns on (figure 6.1) and this screen
is displayed:
I. Over Forward Power
Forward power alarm display.
Stop 1
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II. Over Reflected Power
Reflected power alarm display.
Stop 2
III.Over Input Power
Input power alarm display.
Stop 3
Once the machine goes into “FAULT” mode, it will no longer attempt to re-start;
choose the appropriate reset procedure according to current machine setting:
• Machine set to LOCAL control mode - press “Reset Alm” in the alarm menu
(menu 7) or power off and back on again using the POWER switch (chap.
6.2).
• Machine set to REMOTE control mode - power off and back on again sending
the appropriate command via the DB15 connector (chap. 6.3.2 - item [14] and
[15]).
There is a fourth alarm that does not trigger a “FAULT” condition, but allows some
time until correct operating conditions are restored. When the temperature alarm
threshold is exceed (about 85°C), the following screen appears:
4. Over Temperature
Temperature power threshold exceeded.
Alarm 4
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PJ502/702C-LCD
5.4.5 Miscellaneous Menu (Mix)
This menu lets you set machine address in an I2C bus serial connection:
Menu 8
IIC
I2C address setting. The I2C network address becomes significant when
the exciter is connected in an RVR transmission system that uses this
protocol. Do not change it unless strictly required.
5.4.6 Version Menu (Vrs)
This screen holds machine version/release information:
Menu 9
Note that these are readings, rather than settings, and cannot be edited (note the
empty arrow).
Rel
Dat
Tab
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Firmware release information.
Release date.
Shows table loaded in the memory.
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PJ502/702C-LCD
6. Identification and Access to the Modules
6.1 Identification of the Modules
The PJ502/702C-LCD is made up of various modules linked to each other through
connectors so as to make maintenance and any required module replacement
easier.
The figure below shows the equipment upper view with the various components
pointed out.
figure 8.1
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
[6]
[7]
Telemetry Card
Interlock Output Interface Card
Bias Card, Low Pass Filter Card & Power Amplifier
Power Supply Input Power Measure Card Panel Card
Control Card User Manual
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PJ502/702C-LCD
7. Working Principles
7.1 Panel board
The panel board contains the microcontroller (PIC18F452) that implements the
equipment control software, the display and the other components needed to
interface with the user.
The board is connected with the other machine modules, both for power supply
distribution and for the control and measures.
7.2 Telemetry board
This board is designed to inform the user of the equipment operation state. All
input and output signals are available on the DB15 connector.
The same board also features the “INTERLOCK” BNC connector for disabling the
device. By grounding the central pin, the output power is reduced to zero until the
connection is removed.
When an R.V.R. amplifier is used, this connector is linked to the power amplifier
REMOTE or INTERLOCK by means of a BNC-BNC connection. In case of amplifier
faults, the central conductor is grounded thus forcing the machine to enter in
stand-by mode.
7.3 Power Supply
The PJ502/702C-LCD power supply unit is a switching-type unit whose +50 V main
stabilizers for generating continuous +5 V, +18 V and -18 V voltages for supplying
the other equipment circuits. Note that the power supply is a “direct from mains”
type, or rather it is without a transformer, and it can be connected to any voltage
between 90 and 260 V without any adjustments or manual settings.
7.4 Power Amplifier
The final power stage is enclosed in a totally shielded metal container fastened
in the centre of the device.
The RF signal coming from input power connectors, is measured by input directional
coupler card and is then sent to the final stage that sees to its final amplifications
up to 500W (for PJ502C-LCD model) or up to 700W (for PJ702C-LCD model).
The amplification stage consists of two main blocks with low pass filter inside.
In addition to the actual RF amplification, this circuit carries out the following
functions:
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• Control of the power level in output, depending on the setting
• Reduction of the power supplied when in presence of high-level reflected
power
• Measures of the current absorbed by the power amplifier
• Measures of the temperature
This board also features an RF sampling of approximately -50dB RF with respect
to the output, which is available on a BNC connector below the transmitter output
connector. This sample is is useful for verifying the characteristics of the carrier,
but not for verifying those of the upper harmonics.
7.5 Control Board
The main function of this board is to check and correct the MOSFET polarization
voltage of the RF amplifier section.
If no alarms are present, the voltage is adjusted only depending on the set output
power, with a feedback mechanism based on the reading of the power really
delivered (AGC).
The voltage is also affected by other factors, such as:
• Excess of reflected power.
• External AGC signals (Ext. AGC FWD, Ext. AGC RFL).
• Excess of temperature.
• Excess of absorbed current from the RF module.
7.6 Low Pass Filter Card
This card provide the low-pass filtering of the RF signal in output and measure the
reflected and forward power output.
7.7 Bias Card
This card controls the bias voltage and contains AGC networks for forward power,
reflected power, temperature, current and EXT AGC.
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R.V.R Elettronica S.p.A.
Via del Fonditore, 2 / 2c
Zona Industriale Roveri · 40138 Bologna · Italy
Phone: +39 051 6010506 · Fax: +39 051 6011104
e-mail: [email protected] ·web: http://www.rvr.it
ISO 9001:2000 certified since 2000
The RVR Logo, and others referenced RVR products and services are trademarks of RVR Elettronica S.p.A. in Italy, other countries or both. RVR ® 1998 all rights reserved.
All other trademarks, trade names or logos used are property of their respective owners.
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