OWNER`S MANUAL
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Introduction
This manual has been provided by the manufacturer’s to provide instructions covering the operation and
maintenance of the appliances and equipment contained within your recreational vehicle.
Nothing in this manual creates any warranty, either express or implied.
The only warranty offered by the manufacturer is set forth in the limited warranty applicable to your vehicle.
The limited warranty provided by the manufacturer and the limited warranties issued by component manufacturers require
periodic service and maintenance, and the owner’s failure to provide this service and/or maintenance may result in
the loss of warranty coverage for that item. The owner should review the manufacturer’s limited warranty
and the limited warranty of all other manufacturers.
Included in this manual are instructions for operating some components which may be optional on your vehicle.
This manual is devoted to instructions on travel trailers and fifth wheels.
We hope you will have many years of vacationing pleasure.
Some items described in this manual may or may not pertain to your particular unit.
Standard items and/or options may vary.
1
Dear Valued Customer,
Thank you for purchasing a Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc. product! The following manual outlines the
THOR Exclusive One Year Bumper to Hitch Limited Warranty, Two Year Structural and Appliance
Limited Warranty simply and clearly detailing the most impressive coverage in the industry for towable
products.
We are confident that you followed the Product Delivery Inspection procedures with your selling dealer; received an extensive walk through and
demonstration of your purchase, and had the warranty statement contained in this manual explained to you. The desired ed result is that you are
confident that you have been informed of the warranty provided with the product, the operation, the maintenance required, and details of the
responsibilities of the manufacturer, dealer, and retail partnership.
At Dutchmen Manufacturing, we want you to be able to enjoy your new travel trailer or fifth wheel to the fullest. In the following pages, you will
learn about the warranty, the features, and maintenance responsibilities of the product. We encourage owners to review and pay special attention to
the following:
•
Warranty Statement - please read full warranty statement
•
Weight rating - please review the proper loading, hitching, and pulling instructions
•
Care and Maintenance - review sealant maintenance requirements
•
Slide Room Operation - review operation instructions, maintenance, adjustments
•
LP and Appliances - review function and safety equipment provided
•
Tire and Lug Nut - review inflation and lug nut torque specifications
•
Modifications /Deviations - review that changes or alterations can void the warranty
•
Condensation - review causes and advice on how to reduce and control
Your unit has been inspected by the factory, and received a final inspection at the dealership, and then by yourself during the walk through and
demonstrations, but we know that sometimes things can go wrong on the road. Please allow your dealership to assist you in remedying any
warrantable issues, and should you need to contact our Goshen, Indiana, service facility, please contact us at: 1-574-537-0700.
We wish you many seasons of camping with your Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc. product. Best Regards,
Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc.
Warranty Department
2
INTRODUCTION..................................................................................................................................................................... 1
USING THIS MANUAL............................................................................................................................................................ 8
Caution and Information Symbols ........................................................................................................................................... 8
Separate Component Manuals ............................................................................................................................................... 8
Reporting Safety Defects ........................................................................................................................................................ 8
DUTCHMEN WARRANTY ...................................................................................................................................................... 9
INSPECTION ........................................................................................................................................................................ 12
UNIT INFORMATION PACKET ............................................................................................................................................ 12
OWNER REGISTRATION .................................................................................................................................................... 12
OBTAINING WARRANTY SERVICE.................................................................................................................................... 12
GET TO KNOW YOUR UNIT BEFORE HEADING OUT...................................................................................................... 12
IF YOU NEED TO MAKE AN APPOINTMENT..................................................................................................................... 12
Call Ahead............................................................................................................................................................................. 12
Be Prepared .......................................................................................................................................................................... 12
Make a List ............................................................................................................................................................................ 12
While Waiting ........................................................................................................................................................................ 12
About Service Calls............................................................................................................................................................... 12
Can’t Find A Dealer? Have An Emergency?......................................................................................................................... 13
Inspecting Your Repairs........................................................................................................................................................ 13
WEIGHT RATING ................................................................................................................................................................. 13
WEIGHT RATINGS - DEFINITIONS..................................................................................................................................... 13
WEIGHT RATINGS - LABELS .............................................................................................................................................. 13
WEIGHT RATINGS - LOCATIONS....................................................................................................................................... 13
Federal Certification Tag....................................................................................................................................................... 13
RVIA Weight Label................................................................................................................................................................ 13
WEIGHING THE TRAILER ................................................................................................................................................... 13
Travel Trailers ....................................................................................................................................................................... 13
Fifth Wheels .......................................................................................................................................................................... 14
APPROXIMATE HEIGHTS ................................................................................................................................................... 14
TIRES AND WHEELS........................................................................................................................................................... 14
Tire Inspection....................................................................................................................................................................... 14
Tire Changing Basics ............................................................................................................................................................ 15
Wheel Nut Torque ................................................................................................................................................................. 15
Wheel Compatibility .............................................................................................................................................................. 16
HITCHING ............................................................................................................................................................................. 16
Hitching a Travel Trailer ........................................................................................................................................................ 16
Safety Chains ........................................................................................................................................................................ 17
Hitching a Fifth Wheel Trailer................................................................................................................................................ 17
BREAKAWAY SWITCH ........................................................................................................................................................ 17
7-PIN PLUG .......................................................................................................................................................................... 18
3
BRAKES, ELECTRIC............................................................................................................................................................ 18
Adjusting the Brakes ............................................................................................................................................................. 19
Braking Tips .......................................................................................................................................................................... 19
LOADING .............................................................................................................................................................................. 19
LIGHTS ................................................................................................................................................................................. 19
MIRRORS ............................................................................................................................................................................. 19
TOWING................................................................................................................................................................................ 20
Backing Up ............................................................................................................................................................................ 20
Passing.................................................................................................................................................................................. 21
Sharply Winding and Narrow Roads..................................................................................................................................... 21
Steep or Long Grades........................................................................................................................................................... 21
Slippery Pavement ................................................................................................................................................................ 21
Freeways and Highways ....................................................................................................................................................... 21
Turning Corners .................................................................................................................................................................... 21
Mud and Sand ....................................................................................................................................................................... 21
Parking .................................................................................................................................................................................. 21
Level Towing ......................................................................................................................................................................... 21
SET UP ................................................................................................................................................................................. 21
Leveling and Stabilization ..................................................................................................................................................... 21
Travel Trailer Leveling Procedures ................................................................................................................................... 21
Fifth Wheel Leveling Procedures ...................................................................................................................................... 22
Jacks and Stabilizers ............................................................................................................................................................ 22
Slide Out Systems................................................................................................................................................................. 22
General Tips Concerning Slide Rooms................................................................................................................................. 22
ELECTRIC SLIDE-OUT SYSTEM ........................................................................................................................................ 23
Electrical maintenance ....................................................................................................................................................... 23
Manual Override System....................................................................................................................................................... 23
HAND CRANK SLIDE OUT SYSTEM .................................................................................................................................. 23
MANUAL SLIDE-OUT SYSTEM ........................................................................................................................................... 23
SLIDE ROOM SET UP AND ADJUSTMENTS ..................................................................................................................... 23
BUNK TENT ROOMS ........................................................................................................................................................... 23
Set Up ................................................................................................................................................................................... 23
REAR DOOR/LOADING RAMP OPERATION (SRV Models).............................................................................................. 23
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM ........................................................................................................................................................ 24
12 VOLT SYSTEM-DC.......................................................................................................................................................... 24
120 VOLT SYSTEM (ALSO REFERRED TO AS 110VA/C)................................................................................................. 24
GFCI – (Ground Fault) Circuit Interrupter......................................................................................................................... 24
POWER CORD / SHORE CORD.......................................................................................................................................... 24
30 AMP SERVICE................................................................................................................................................................. 25
50 AMP SERVICE (OPTIONAL) ........................................................................................................................................... 25
AVAILABLE POWER ............................................................................................................................................................ 25
4
CONVERTER........................................................................................................................................................................ 25
LP GAS SYSTEM ................................................................................................................................................................. 25
GENERAL INFORMATION................................................................................................................................................... 25
LP REGULATOR .................................................................................................................................................................. 26
Care & Maintenance ............................................................................................................................................................. 26
LP BOTTLES......................................................................................................................................................................... 26
Filling LP Bottles ................................................................................................................................................................... 26
SPLIT-BOTTLE SYSTEMS – (Primarily on Fifth Wheels) .................................................................................................... 27
LP Gas Lines........................................................................................................................................................................ 27
Bleeding Air from LP Gas Lines ............................................................................................................................................ 27
LP GAS LEAK DETECTOR .................................................................................................................................................. 27
When to Test Detector .......................................................................................................................................................... 27
When the Alarm Sounds….................................................................................................................................................... 27
PLUMBING SYSTEM............................................................................................................................................................ 27
GENERAL INFORMATION................................................................................................................................................... 27
MONITOR PANEL ................................................................................................................................................................ 27
Operation............................................................................................................................................................................... 28
Erroneous Readings ............................................................................................................................................................. 28
FRESH WATER TANK ......................................................................................................................................................... 28
Fresh Water Fill ..................................................................................................................................................................... 28
City Water Fill ........................................................................................................................................................................ 28
Sanitizing the Fresh Water System....................................................................................................................................... 28
Vibration While Traveling ...................................................................................................................................................... 28
Water Pump .......................................................................................................................................................................... 28
Water Heater ......................................................................................................................................................................... 29
Care & Maintenance ............................................................................................................................................................. 29
Pressure Relief Valve-Weeping or Dripping ......................................................................................................................... 29
Replenishing the Air Pocket .................................................................................................................................................. 29
Water Supply and Odor......................................................................................................................................................... 29
Draining & Storage................................................................................................................................................................ 30
To Drain the Water Heater .................................................................................................................................................... 30
By-Pass Kit............................................................................................................................................................................ 30
Winterization.......................................................................................................................................................................... 30
Method 1 (With By-Pass Kit installed)................................................................................................................................... 30
Method 2 (With By-Pass Kit installed)................................................................................................................................... 30
Removing Antifreeze............................................................................................................................................................. 31
WASTE WATER SYSTEM.................................................................................................................................................... 31
Toilet...................................................................................................................................................................................... 31
Holding Tanks ....................................................................................................................................................................... 31
Dumping Instructions ............................................................................................................................................................ 32
No Fuss Flush (Optional) ...................................................................................................................................................... 32
5
Solid Build Up........................................................................................................................................................................ 32
GAS FURNACE .................................................................................................................................................................... 32
APPLIANCES........................................................................................................................................................................ 32
Air Conditioner....................................................................................................................................................................... 32
Kitchen Range and Oven ...................................................................................................................................................... 33
Range Exhaust hood............................................................................................................................................................. 33
Microwave ............................................................................................................................................................................. 33
Refrigerator (self contained models)..................................................................................................................................... 33
TV Antenna (optional) ........................................................................................................................................................... 33
AM/FM Radio with Cassette or CD Players .......................................................................................................................... 33
PROLONGED OCCUPANCY ............................................................................................................................................... 33
VENTILATION AND MOISTURE CONTROL ....................................................................................................................... 33
Dripping Ceiling Vents........................................................................................................................................................... 34
MOLDS.................................................................................................................................................................................. 34
CARE AND MAINTENANCE ................................................................................................................................................ 34
EXTERIOR ............................................................................................................................................................................ 34
SEALS & ADHESIVES.......................................................................................................................................................... 34
WINDOWS (EXTERIOR) ...................................................................................................................................................... 35
FIBERGLASS / GEL COAT FINISH...................................................................................................................................... 35
METAL .................................................................................................................................................................................. 35
ABS PLASTIC / MOLDED PARTS ....................................................................................................................................... 35
ROOF .................................................................................................................................................................................... 35
FRAME & CHASSIS ............................................................................................................................................................. 36
Frame & Bumper................................................................................................................................................................... 36
Steps ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 36
Hitch Couplers....................................................................................................................................................................... 36
Fifth Wheel Coupler .............................................................................................................................................................. 36
Safety Chains ........................................................................................................................................................................ 36
Jacks ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 36
TIRES & WHEELS ................................................................................................................................................................ 36
Wheel Bearing Lubrication .................................................................................................................................................... 36
Brake Adjustment.................................................................................................................................................................. 37
BATTERY.............................................................................................................................................................................. 37
Inspection .............................................................................................................................................................................. 37
Battery Storage ..................................................................................................................................................................... 37
APPLIANCES ....................................................................................................................................................................... 37
MISCELLANEOUS................................................................................................................................................................ 37
Bed Spreads.......................................................................................................................................................................... 37
Blinds and Shades ................................................................................................................................................................ 37
Cabinet Doors and Drawers (Solid Hardwoods) ................................................................................................................... 38
Carpeting............................................................................................................................................................................... 38
6
Ceilings and Walls................................................................................................................................................................. 38
Countertops........................................................................................................................................................................... 38
Draperies............................................................................................................................................................................... 38
Faucets and Fixtures............................................................................................................................................................. 38
Flooring, Vinyl........................................................................................................................................................................ 38
Glass & Mirrors...................................................................................................................................................................... 38
Fabric & Upholstery............................................................................................................................................................... 38
Sinks, Tubs, and Toilets........................................................................................................................................................ 38
GENERAL MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE ............................................................................................................................. 39
MAINTENANCE & SERVICE RECORDS............................................................................................................................. 42
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USING THIS MANUAL
Reporting Safety Defects
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a
crash or could cause injury or death, you should immediately inform
the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in
addition to notifying the manufacturer.
Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc has provided this manual solely for
the purpose of providing instructions about the operation and
maintenance of its recreational vehicle. Nothing in this manual
creates any warranty, either express or implied. The only warranty
offered by Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc is set forth in the Limited
Warranty applicable to your vehicle.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation,
and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may
order a recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot
become involved in individual problems between you, your dealer or
the manufacturer.
Caution and Information Symbols
Through out this manual we have placed special emphasis on items
that require special attention. Denotes information that the user
should be highly aware of, as failure to heed these cautions or
warnings may result in product damage, property damage, serious
injury or fatality.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline tollfree at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in the Washington, DC area) or
write to: NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington,
DC 20590. You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the Hotline.
SPECIAL ATTENTION SHOULD BE GIVEN
TO ALL INFORMATION PRECEDED BY
THIS SYMBOL. FAILURE TO DO SO MAY
RESULT
IN
PRODUCT
DAMAGE,
PROPERTY DAMAGE, SERIOUS INJURY,
OR FATALITY.
Instructions included in this manual are for operating some
components, which may be optional on your vehicle. This manual is
devoted to instructions on travel trailers and fifth wheels.
We hope you will have many years of vacationing pleasure. This
manual is based on the latest information available at the time of
publication. Due to continuous product development and
improvements, Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc reserves the right to
make changes in product specifications and components without
prior notice.
READ THE ENTIRE MANUAL AND HEED ALL CAUTION
AND WARNING STATEMENTS, PRIOR TO OPERATION
OF THE RECREATIONAL VEHICLE.
The limited warranty and the limited warranties issued by component
manufacturers require periodic service and maintenance, and the
owner’s failure to provide this service and/or maintenance may result
in loss of warranty coverage for that item. The owner should review
Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc.’s limited warranty and the limited
warranty of all other manufacturers.
Separate Component Manuals
Missing a component manual? Separate component manuals for the
various items we use are available as downloadable files at our web
site. The web site address is www.dutchmenmfg.com.
8
DUTCHMEN WARRANTY
Two Year Limited Warranty
One Year Bumper to Hitch Limited Warranty
Two Year Structural and Appliance Limited Warranty
For: Travel Trailers and Fifth Wheels Manufactured By Dutchmen Manufacturing Sold in the United States and Canada
COVERAGE PROVIDED: GENERAL
OWNER’S OBLIGATIONS:
Your new travel trailer, including the plumbing, heating and electrical
systems, installed by the manufacturer, is warranted under normal
use to be free from manufacturing defects in material and
workmanship for a period of one (1) year from date of purchase to
the original owner.
The owner is responsible for normal maintenance; however, minor
adjustments (such as adjustments to the interior or exterior doors, LP
regulator pressure, cabinet latches, TV antenna control, voids in
sealants, etc.) will be performed by the dealer during the first ninety
(90) days of warranty coverage. Thereafter, such adjustments are the
responsibility ofthe owner as normal maintenance, unless required as
a direct result of repair or replacement of a defective part under this
warranty.
This warranty extends to the first retail purchaser, is not transferable
and begins on the date of original retail delivery or the date the travel
trailer is first placed into service (whichever occurs first). This
warranty extends for a period of one (1) year (Bumper to Hitch) and
two (2) years (structural and appliance) from such date. Written
notice of defects must be given to the selling dealer or the
manufacturer no later than ten (10) days after the expiration of the
applicable warranty. Warranty repairs, if required, will be made
without charge and within industry standards, after your travel trailer
is taken to an authorized service center.
If a problem occurs which the owner believes is covered by this
warranty, the owner shall contact the selling dealer, or other
authorized dealer, giving them sufficient information to resolve the
matter.
The owner is also responsible for inspecting and maintaining sealants
or seals around all attachments and seams related to the structure.
NOTE:
UNITS
ARE
MANUFACTURED
FOR
RECREATIONAL PURPOSES, UNITS USED AS
COMMERICAL, RESIDENTIAL, OR RENTAL MAY VOID
YOUR WARRANTY.
WARNING: The owner’s failure to perform such
inspection and maintenance, which results in water damage or
any other damage, shall void the warranty.
COVERAGE PROVIDED: STRUCTURAL
The owner shall be responsible to deliver the travel trailer to the
dealer, authorized service center, or factory for all warranty repairs. It
is the owner’s responsibility to return the vehicle to an
authorized service center for any repairs that may be required.
Your new travel trailer’s structure is warranted to be free from
manufacturing defects in material and workmanship for a period of
two (2) years from date of purchase to the original owner. The
structure consists of the walls, floor and roof, and the attachment to
each other, but does not include attachments to the structure such as,
but not limited to, frame, axles, windows, doors, cabinets, vents, and
rubber/vinyl roof.
It is the owner’s responsibility to notify the selling dealer of a defect
in a timely manner. Failure to notify in a timely manner will void all
or portions of this one year/two year limited warranty.
COVERAGE PROVIDED: APPLIANCES
CONSEQUENTIAL AND INCIDENTAL DAMAGES:
The major appliance warranty is administered by Dutchmen
Manufacturing for two (2) years from date of purchase. The vendor
appliances installed in your travel trailer by the factory have their own
vendor warranty statements offering a two year coverage to the
original consumer purchaser and is not transferable. Dutchmen
Manufacturing and its dealer network will process the warranty
resulting from an appliance manufacturing defect through its normal
warranty policies and procedures. This coverage includes the range,
oven, refrigerator, water pump, furnace, water heater, TV, stereo, and
converter, depending on options installed.
Dutchmen Manufacturing shall not be liable for any incidental
or consequential damages such as, expenses for transportation,
lodging, loss or damage to personal property, loss of use of
owner’s product, inconvenience or loss of income. Some states
do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or
consequential damages, so the above limitation or exclusion
may not apply to you.
9
This warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may also have
other rights, which vary from state to state.
Dealers or any other persons are not authorized to make
modifications to this warranty. Any additional statements concerning
this warranty, whether oral or written, are not the responsibility of
the manufacturer and should not be relied upon.
atmosphere, etc.).
D. Failure to comply with instructions contained in the
Owners Manual
3. Normal deterioration due to wear or exposure, such as fading
of fabrics or drapes, carpet wear, etc.
DELIVERY
4. Normal maintenance and service items such as light bulbs,
fuses, lubricants, sealant and seals, slide adjustments, door
adjustments, awning tension, etc. or damages resulting from lack
of maintenance.
To assist in avoiding problems with your coach, we recommend you
do the following:
1. Read the warranty. Go over it thoroughly with your dealer.
2. Inspect the vehicle. Do not accept delivery until you have gone
through the coach with the dealer. The manufacturer has provided a
checklist to be used during retail delivery. Check each item on the list
and make sure the dealer does the same. Do not sign this checklist
until you are satisfied with each inspection.
3. Ask questions about anything concerning your coach you do not
understand.
4. Be sure your tow vehicle has the capacity to pull the coach you
have selected.
5. Extra expenses such as transportation to and from dealer or
authorized service center, loss of time, loss of pay, loss of use of
the travel trailer, inconvenience, commercial loss, towing
charges, bus fare, vehicle rental, incidental charges such as
telephone calls or lodging bills, or other incidental or
consequential damages (other than injury to the person).
6. Any unit used as a commercial unit, residential unit or used as
a rental unit.
Throughout the manufacturing process, your travel trailer has been
inspected by our quality inspectors. However, our final inspection at
the factory is not the last one. The pre-delivery inspections (including
systems check) your dealer performs are the final inspections due to
the unit prior to receiving your new coach. Your dealer should assist
you in understanding the limited warranties and completing
necessary forms to activate them.
7. Additional charges for transportation to and from on-site
service.
8. Condensation on any window or other parts as a result of
condensation including any mold or related water damage.
LIMITATION OF IMPLIED WARRANTIES:
Implied warranties, including any warranty of merchantability or
fitness for a particular purpose, are limited in duration to the
terms of this written warranty. Some states do not allow
limitation on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above
limitation may not apply to you.
DEALER’S OBLIGATIONS:
By agreement with the manufacturer, the dealer is obligated to
maintain the travel trailer prior to retail sale, to perform a detailed
pre-delivery inspection and to make any repairs necessary to correct
defects in material or workmanship.
1. Maintain the travel trailer prior to retail sale.
2. Perform a detailed pre-delivery inspection (including all systems
check) and make any repairs necessary to correct defects in material
or workmanship.
3. Provide a customer walk through. This is done to familiarize the
customer with the coach, its systems, components and its operation.
The manufacturer has provided a checklist to be used during retail
delivery. Do not sign this checklist
WHAT IS NOT COVERED BY THIS WARRANTY :
1. Tires and batteries, and other equipment, which are covered by the
separate warranties of the respective manufacturers of these
components.
2. Damage caused by or related to:
Dutchmen Manufacturing Inc.
Parts, Service, & Warranty
2164 Caragana Court
Goshen, IN 46526
Phone: (574) 537-0700 Fax: (574)-537-0496
warranty@dutchmenmfg.com
A: Accidents, misuse or negligence.
B. Alteration or modification of the travel trailer or damage
incurred resulting from alteration or modification.
C. Environmental conditions (salt, hail, chemicals in
10
Missing a component manual?
Separate component manuals for the various items we use are available as downloadable
files at our web site. The website address is :
www.dutchmenmfg.com.
Manufacturer’sWarrantyContacts
A&E / DOMETIC / DUO-THERM USA
Service Office
509 S. Poplar Street
Lagrange, IN 46761
800-544-4881
BAL RV PRODUCTS GROUP
365 W. Victoria St.
Compton, CA 90220
310-639-4000
ANTENNA TEK, INC
425 S. Bowen, #4
Longmount, CO 80501
303-772-9591
Canada Service Office
866 Langs Drive
Cambridge, Ontario N3H 2N7
519-653-7390
WINEGARD – USA
Winegard USA
3000 Kirkwood St.
Burlington, IA 52601-2000
303-754-0600
ALKO-KOBER
Elkhart, IN 46516
574-264-6651
PARALLAX – USA
BR WHOLESALE
800-848-0934
WINEGARD – CAN
Coast Distribution – Canada
Alberta 403-720-0046
Quebec 514-866-3613
MASTERTECH
800-848-0558
ATWOOD MOBILE PRODUCTS
4750 Hiawatha Drive
Rockford, IL 61103
800-825-4328
PARALLAX – CAN
J&J sales
604-534-6336
VERN GIBSON
818-897-7577
THETFORD – USA
P.O. Box 1285
Ann Arbor, MI 48106
800-521-3032
SUBURBAN MFG.
Customer Service Center
676 Broadway Street
Dayton, TN 37321
423-775-2131
THETFORD – CAN
2710 Slough St.
Mississauga, ONT L4T1G3
905-671-0255
ONAN CORPORATION
1400 73RD Ave., NE
Minneapolis, MN 55432
800-888-ONAN
SHURFLO
12650 Westminster Ave.
Santa Ana, CA 92706-2100
11
INSPECTION
GET TO KNOW YOUR UNIT BEFORE HEADING OUT.
To assist you in avoiding problems, Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc
requests that each dealer review the limited warranty and inspect the
unit along with you. The dealer has been provided with a pre-delivery
checklist. Review this checklist with the dealer. Do not sign the
checklist until this review is complete and any questions about
anything you do not understand have been answered.
Throughout the manufacturing process, your recreational vehicle has
been inspected by qualified inspectors and then again at the
dealership. As the owners, however, you will be the first to camp and
extensively use every system. Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc wants
the first camping experience to be a happy one and recommends a
“Trial Camping Experience” before heading out. Plan a weekend in
the yard or driveway and really camp in your unit.
UNIT INFORMATION PACKET
By camping for several days, full time in your unit, you will have the
opportunity to use and become accustomed to the systems within
your unit and find out what items are needed or not needed while
camping. Note any questions that arise, difficulties encountered or
problems that occur. After your trial, call your dealer and ask any
questions that have arisen. Getting to know your unit before the first
adventure can save a lot of frustration and leave more time for fun!
In addition to this Owner’s Manual, a unit information packet is
located within your new recreational vehicle. Inside the packet are
product manuals and information on systems and equipment in the
coach. Individual product warranty registrations accompany this
information and should be completed and mailed promptly. Some
components in this manual or packet may be components of a
differing product line and/or are optional equipment. Inclusion of
these items does not suggest that they are or may be available for a
specific recreational vehicle.
IF YOU NEED TO MAKE AN APPOINTMENT
Call Ahead
Give thought to an appointment time and call ahead. Mondays and
Fridays are generally the busiest times at a dealer’s service center, as
are right before seasonal holidays.
OWNER REGISTRATION
As a convenience to you, the owner registration form is completed at
the dealership at the time of delivery. After an owner signs this form,
the dealer will send the completed form to Dutchmen
Manufacturing, Inc within 30 days. Please make sure this form is
completed and signed prior to leaving the dealership.
Be Prepared
If warranty work is to be done, please have a copy of your warranty
paperwork available and provide the service center with any helpful
information on past repairs that may pertain and help the technicians
in diagnosing the problem.
OBTAINING WARRANTY SERVICE
Make a List
Have a list ready and be reasonable with repair expectations. Some
repairs may require special order parts or parts shipped from a
manufacturer. Explain what you would like to have done over the
phone or stop by ahead of time so that you and the service manager
can discuss possible repair times.
Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc recommends obtaining service from
your dealer or the nearest authorized repair facility. Service must be
obtained within a reasonable time after discovery of the defect and
prior to the applicable warranty expiration period. If assistance is
needed in locating an authorized repair center, please contact
Dutchmen Service at 1-574-537-0700
While Waiting
Drop your unit off if possible. If you can wait on your repair, do not
be surprised if you cannot enter the repair area. Many insurance
policies prohibit customers or non-personnel from entering into the
work area for safety reason.
Please have the following available when you call.
•
Vehicle Identification Number (17 digit Serial #)
•
Model #
•
Date of Purchase
•
Description of the problem
•
Previous repair history & location (if applicable).
About Service Calls
Please note: Dutchmen Manufacturing’s, Inc Limited Warranty
covers warrantable repairs that are performed by an authorized
Dutchmen dealer at their service center or facility only. It is
important for the owner to know that if you are unable to bring your
unit in for repairs, Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc is not responsible
for any costs incurred for the service call charge, or time accrued to
come out to your unit. Your unit is a recreational vehicle and not
intended, nor manufactured as a permanent residence.
In order to assist you, a “Personal Records Page” is located in the
appendix.
12
The maximum permissible weight of this trailer when fully loaded. It
includes all weight at the trailer’s axle(s), plus the tongue or pin.
Can’t Find A Dealer? Have An Emergency?
Call Dutchmen Customer Service. We can help locate a dealer nearby
or, in emergencies or special circumstances, provide authorization to
a local repair facility.
UVW (Unloaded Vehicle Weight)
The weight of this trailer as manufactured at the factory. It includes
all weight at the trailer axles(s) and the tongue or pin. If applicable, it
also includes full generator fluids, including fuel, engine oil, and
coolants.
Before using any non-authorized dealer for any warranty repair, call
Dutchmen first!
Inspecting Your Repairs
Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc and your dealer want you to be
satisfied with any repair. After a repair is performed, inspect it
thoroughly. Check off your list and go over the repairs with the
service center representative. Once satisfied, sign the Dutchmen
Manufacturing, Inc Company Warranty Claim. In the event a
problem should reoccur after you have left the dealership, contact
the repair center or Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc as soon as
possible, so that the situation can be resolved expediently.
CCC (Cargo Carrying Capacity)
Is equal to GVWR minus each of the following: UVW, full fresh
(potable) water weight (including water heater), and full LP-Gas
weight.
GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating)
The maximum allowable weight that an axle system is designed to
carry.
WEIGHT RATINGS - LABELS
WEIGHT RATING
The information on the weight ratings is contained on two labels:
The Federal Certification Tag and the RVIA Weight Label. Each
label contains the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) / Serial
Number for the vehicle rated. These ratings are specific for each
travel trailer and fifth wheel manufactured. Use only the ratings
found on these labels.
YOU MUST NOT EXCEED THE GVWR OR
GAWR OF THE TRAILER (SEE DEFINITIONS).
TO VERIFY GVWR, TOTAL THE LOADED
HITCH AND AXLE WEIGHTS. IF THIS TOTAL
EXCEEDS GVWR, YOU MUST REMOVE
CARGO UNTIL THE VEHICLE WEIGHT IS
WITHIN THIS LIMIT. YOU CAN VERIFY THAT
THE RV AXLES ARE NOT OVERLOADED BY
COMPARING THE LOADED AXLE WEIGHT
WITH THE GWAR. IF THE READING IS ABOVE
THIS LIMIT, REDISTRIBUTE CARGO LOAD.
WEIGHT RATINGS - LOCATIONS
Federal Certification Tag
The Federal Certification Tag on travel trailers and fifth wheels can
be located on the Road Side (Off Door Side) near the front of the
unit. This tag contains the GVWR, GAWR (front & rear) and tire
pressure limits.
Weight distribution is an important factor when loading a travel
trailer or fifth wheel. A recreational vehicle with the cargo distributed
properly will result in efficient, trouble-free towing. Loading the RV,
as evenly as possible, and then weighing the loaded RV can
accomplish proper weight distribution. Keep heavier items as low as
possible and accomplish proper weight distribution. Keep heavier
items as low as possible and distribute evenly, front to back and side
to side. Securing your cargo can prevent damages from shifting cargo
during towing and maintain the weight distribution balance achieved.
RVIA Weight Label
The RVIA Weight Label is located on the inside of an upper kitchen
cabinet door. In general, the tag is affixed to the cabinet above or
adjacent to the sink. This tag provides the GVWR rating, the UVW
(Unloaded Vehicle Weight) and the computation for CCC (Cargo
Carrying Capacity).
WEIGHING THE TRAILER
You must not exceed the GVWR or GAWR of the trailer (see
definitions). To verify GVWR, total the loaded hitch and axle
weights. If this total exceeds GVWR, you must remove cargo until
the vehicle weight is within this limit. You can verify that the RV
axles are not overloaded by comparing the loaded axle weight with
the GWAR. If the reading is above this limit, redistribute cargo load.
Finally, make sure the tongue or pin weight of the loaded travel
trailer/fifth wheel falls within the limits of the tow vehicle.
Travel Trailers
Drive the loaded trailer onto the scales as shown in the picture
below, making sure that the hitch will be the only contact point with
the scales after unhooking. Unhook and drive the tow vehicle off the
scales. Level the trailer and record hitch weight.
Hookup to the trailer and drive forward on the scales until only the
trailer axles are on the scale. Level the trailer and record axle weight.
WEIGHT RATINGS - DEFINITIONS
To determine overall weight, add the hitch weight plus axles.
GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating)
13
APPROXIMATE HEIGHTS
Weighing Travel Trailer
TIRES AND WHEELS
Fifth Wheels
Drive the loaded fifth wheel trailer onto the scales as shown in the
picture below, making sure that the tow vehicle is the only contact
point with the scales. Record the truck / trailer combined weight.
Improperly matched wheels and tires may fail and cause
property damage, serious personal injury, or loss of life.
Pull forward on the scales until only the trailer axles are on the scale.
Record axle weight. Pull off the scales and unhook from the fifth
wheel trailer. Weigh the truck by itself and record this weight.
Maintaining proper tire pressure is another key to safety. The Cold
Inflation Pressure for each axle is located on the Federal Certification
Label. Cold inflation pressure refers to the pressure in the tire prior
to traveling. Always check your tire pressure before traveling. Under
inflated tires will cause excessive sidewall flexing and produce
extreme heat, leading to early tire failure and possible loss of control.
Over inflated tires can cause uneven tire wear and also lead to early
failure. More information on tires & maintenance can be found in
the Care & Maintenance section.
To determine hitch weight, subtract the weight of the tow vehicle
from the combined truck / trailer weight. Write this number down.
To determine overall weight, add the hitch weight plus axles.
The tires should be checked before starting out on any trip (See chart
on following page). Check them regularly and keep inflated to
recommended pressures. The recommended tire pressure is on the
side of the tire. A tire gauge is a very inexpensive and valuable tool
for checking tire inflation. Rotate the tires at least once every 5,000
miles. You may want to have a spare tire with you in case of an
emergency.
All travel trailers and fifth wheels are equipped with tubeless tires.
Never use a tube as a substitute for a proper repair. If you should
require an adjustment on a faulty or defective tire, secure the name of
the nearest tire dealer or distributor and request an adjustment
according to the conditions and terms of the tire warranty.
Tire Inspection
The chart below is a useful guide for use during inspections. Consult
the wheel and tire manufacturer’s specifications for compatibility
whenever replacing tires.
Weighing Fifth Wheel
14
wheels are similar, yet different, in many ways to those used on cars
and trucks. These differences are important and require special
attention to wheel nut torque both while the trailer is new and
throughout the trailer’s life.
Trailer wheels must carry much higher loads per wheel than
passenger car or truck wheels. Each wheel may carry 1000 pounds
and higher. Furthermore, wheels on tandem axle trailers do not steer,
and are subjected to very high side load stress whenever the trailer
makes a tight turn. When you go around corners, especially slow,
tight ones, the wheels on your trailer are subjected to these strong
side loads. This tends to flex the wheel and gradually loosen the
wheel nuts. Although the materials and manufacturing methods are
maximized for this kind of service, these extra loads can cause stress,
which can result in flexing and loosening of wheel nuts.
Tire Changing Basics
Use emergency flares when near a road or highway.
Before each trip and any time a wheel is replaced, be sure to tighten
the wheel nuts, following the sequence shown in the relevant lug
pattern below. Set the torque specification in three stages as seen in
the chart below. If the wheel was replaced, check the torque every 50
miles of the first 200 miles of travel.
Block the wheels on the opposite side from the tire you wish to
change to prevent accidental movement.
Position a hydraulic jack on the frame close to the spring hanger.
(Never attempt to use a stabilizer jack to lift the unit)
NEVER USE A STABILIZER JACK TO RAISE
THE UNIT. ONLY USE AN APPROPRIATELY
RATED HYDRAULIC JACK.
1.
Loosen the Lug Nuts
2.
Raise the trailer until the tire clears the ground.
3.
Remove the Lug Nuts and remove the tire.
4.
Install the spare tire and install the lug nuts until the wheel
is tight against the hub.
5.
Lower the trailer.
6.
Torque the lug nuts following the Wheel Nut Torque
Procedure in this manual.
7.
Recheck the torque every 50 miles for the first 200 miles.
Torque Stages
1st Stage
2nd Stage
3rd Stage
20 to 25 ft/lbs
55 to 60 ft/lbs
85 to 95 ft/lbs
IT IS CRITICAL THAT THE WHEELS BE
PROPERLY TORQUED EVERY 50 MILES
DURING THE FIRST 200 MILES OF ROAD
OPERATION. ALTHOUGH THE WHEELS HAVE
BEEN
PROPERLY
TORQUED
BEFORE
LEAVING THE MANUFACTURING PLANT,
SETTLING
AND
WEARING
IN
OF
COMPONENTS DURING THE FIRST FEW
MILES OF OPERATION MAY CAUSE SOME
LOOSENING OF THE WHEEL NUTS.
Wheel Nut Torque
ALWAYS TORQUE WHEEL NUTS TO THE
WHEEL MANUFACTURER’S SPECIFICATIONS!
OVER OR UNDER-TORQUED LUG NUTS CAN
CAUSE THE WHEEL TO SEPARATE FROM
THE WHEEL MOUNTING SURFACE DURING
OPERATION, CAUSING PROPERTY DAMAGE,
PERSONAL INJURY, OR LOSS OF LIFE.
If you notice wheel wobbling or hear a rattling sound coming from a
wheel, especially at low speeds, a wheel lug nut may have come lose.
This problem is usually caused by improper tightening or by faulty or
damaged lug bolt threads. If you have a reason to believe a lug nut
Proper wheel nut torque is very important to safe and dependable
trailering. The wheel and axle systems used in travel trailers and fifth
15
has come loose, safely stop the vehicle at the side of the road as soon
as possible. Put up warning devices. Remove the lug caps and check
the tightness of all the lug nuts. Tighten all lug nuts to the specified
torque, using a torque wrench. If log bolt threads are damaged or
faulty, get professional service help.
HITCHING
AN IMPROPERLY COUPLED TRAILER CAN
RESULT IN DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY.
USE OF A TOW VEHICLE WITH A TOWING
CAPACITY LESS THAN THE LOAD RATING OF
THE TRAILER CAN RESULT IN LOSS OF
CONTROL, AND MAY LEAD TO DEATH OR
SERIOUS INJURY.
DO NOT TOW THE TRAILER WITH MISSING
LUG NUTS OR FAULTY LUG BOLTS.
Wheel Compatibility
Be sure your hitch and tow vehicle are rated for the Gross Vehicle
Weight Rating (GVWR) of your trailer. Be sure the hitch load rating
is equal to or greater than the load rating of the coupler. Be sure the
hitch size matches the coupler size. Observe the hitch for wear,
corrosion and cracks before coupling. Replace worn, corroded or
cracked hitch components before coupling the trailer to the tow
vehicle. Be sure the hitch components are tight before coupling the
trailer to the tow vehicle.
IMPROPERLY MATCHED WHEELS AND TIRES
MAY FAIL AND CAUSE PROPERTY DAMAGE,
SERIOUS PERSONAL INJURY, OR LOSS OF
LIFE
Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc installs axle systems with hubs and
drums that are compatible with many wheels used in the recreational
vehicle industry that have matching bolt patterns. If the original
manufacturer installed equipment is in need of replacement, the
wheel manufacturer should be contacted for proof of compatibility
prior to replacement and use.
Hooking up your trailer will become quite simple to you after a little
practice and following these step-by-step instructions.
Hitching a Travel Trailer
Customers replacing original equipment that has not been tested for
compatibility must ensure the replacements are compatible to the
hub and drum assembly installed. Such elements of compatibility
include, but are not limited to:
THE PROPER SELECTION AND CONDITION
OF THE COUPLER AND HITCH IS ESSENTIAL
TO THE SAFE TOWING OF YOUR TRAILER. A
LOSS OF COUPLING MAY RESULT IN DEATH
OR SERIOUS INJURY.
•
Diameter of the hub-mounting surface.
•
Stud length and diameter.
•
BE SURE THE HITCH LOAD RATING IS EQUAL TO OR
GREATER THAN THE LOAD RATING OF THE COUPLER.
•
Location and number of studs.
•
•
Center hole diameter for the wheel.
BE SURE THE HITCH SIZE MATCHES THE COUPLER
SIZE.
•
Wheel mounting offset from the rim center.
•
OBSERVE THE HITCH FOR WEAR, CORROSION AND
CRACKS BEFORE COUPLING. REPLACE WORN,
•
Rated capacity of the wheel.
•
Wheel fastener torque.
•
Wheel nut size and shape.
CORRODED OR CRACKED HITCH COMPONENTS
BEFORE COUPLING THE TRAILER TO THE TOW
VEHICLE.
•
BE SURE THE HITCH COMPONENTS ARE TIGHT
BEFORE COUPLING THE TRAILER TO THE TOW
VEHICLE.
Impact of any added wheel accessories (such as decorative center
caps) that could affect proper seating of the wheel to the hub surface.
1.
Crank the tongue of the trailer jack up until the hitch
coupler is high enough to clear the tow vehicle.
Certain tests are recommended by the manufacturer(s) of factory
installed equipment, such as the cornering fatigue test based on SAE
J1095/SAE J267 and field tests, are recommended for all wheels and
rims to be installed in place of original factory equipment. Contact
the wheel manufacturer to verify compatibility with the factory
installed equipment prior to replacement.
2.
Back the tow vehicle to the trailer until the hitch ball is
directly under the coupler on the trailer.
3.
Set the parking brakes, raise the locking latch on the
coupler & crank it down on the ball.
4.
Move the locking latch down to lock it on the ball.
5.
Engage the lock and the retainer clip.
16
6.
7.
Raise the tongue by cranking the jack down. (The tow
vehicle will come up with it if the high coupler is properly
latched.)
Hitching a Fifth Wheel Trailer
FIFTH-WHEEL HITCH EXTENDERS (ALSO
CALLED 'GOOSENECK TONGUE ADAPTERS')
ARE NOT TO BE USED WITH DUTCHMEN
MANUFACTURED FIFTH-WHEEL TRAILERS.
USE OF A HITCH EXTENDING DEVICE MAY
CAUSE STRUCTURAL DAMAGE TO THE
TRAILER PIN BOX ASSEMBLY OR CHASSIS.
DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE USE OF A HITCH
EXTENDING DEVICE IS NOT COVERED UNDER
THE BUMPER TO HITCH WARRANTY."
Fasten Safety chains to frame of tow vehicle. Do not fasten
chains to any part of the hitch unless the hitch has holes or
loops specifically for that purpose. Cross chains
underneath hitch and coupler with enough slack to permit
turning and to hold tongue up, if the trailer comes loose.
IMPROPER RIGGING OF THE SAFETY CHAINS
CAN RESULT IN LOSS OF CONTROL OF THE
TRAILER AND TOW VEHICLE, LEADING TO
DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY, IF THE TRAILER
UNCOUPLES FROM THE TOW VEHICLE.
1.
Adjust trailer jacks until trailer is at level for hooking to the
fifth wheel.
2.
Place wheel chocks behind trailer wheels.
3.
Lower tailgate on truck.
4.
Release 5th wheel lock handle.
5.
Line up truck so 5th wheel will accept trailer kingpin.
6.
Back truck slowly until kingpin engages the 5th wheel and
automatically locks
10. Install and adjust side mirrors.
7.
.Make sure lock is closed.
11. Check all lights on the trailer and tow vehicle.
8.
Connect power cord between tow vehicle and the trailer.
12. Pull forward and check the operation of the trailer brakes
with the hand control to assure proper operation. (Refer to
manufacturer specifications on setting the brake control.
9.
Connect breakaway switch cable.
8.
Connect the breakaway switch, assuring the breakaway
cable is not attached to any part of the tow vehicle hitch
assembly.
DO NOT CONNECT THE BREAKAWAY
SWITCH LANYARD TO THE HITCH BALL OR
ANY REMOVABLE PART OF THE HITCH.
9.
Crank the jack all the way up.
DO NOT CONNECT THE BREAKAWAY SWITCH
LANYARD TO ANY REMOVABLE PART OF THE
HITCH
If aftermarket equalizer hitch bars are attached, see
manufacturer’s instructions.
Safety Chains
IMPROPER RIGGING OF THE SAFETY CHAINS
CAN RESULT IN LOSS OF CONTROL OF THE
TRAILER AND TOW VEHICLE, LEADING TO
DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY, IF THE TRAILER
UNCOUPLES FROM THE TOW VEHICLE.
Always use safety chains when towing. They maintain the ball
connection between the travel trailer and tow vehicle in the event of
separation of the ball and trailer coupling. Safety chains are included
with every travel trailer and, in most states, are required when towing
a travel trailer. Attach chain to the designated wing areas on the right
and left of the hitch ball, crossing them under the trailers tongue.
Inspect the length of the chains once attached to the tow vehicle
frame. They should be long enough to allow for turns, but short
enough to avoid any drag.
10.
Check 5th wheel lock, brakes and lights.
11.
Completely raise trailer jacks.
12.
Pick up and store wheel chocks.
BREAKAWAY SWITCH
DO NOT TOW A TRAILER WITH A
MALFUNCTIONING BREAKAWAY SWITCH. DO
NOT
LEAVE THE PULL PIN OUT OF THE
BREAKAWAY SWITCH FOR MORE THAN A
FEW MINUTES, OR THE BATTERY WILL BE
DRAINED. DON NOT USE THE BREAKAWAY
SWITCH FOR A PARKING BRAKE.
The breakaway switch is designed to work in the event separation
occurs between the tow vehicle and the RV while on the road. As
separation occurs, the pin is pulled from the switch. A circuit from
the trailer battery to the RV brakes becomes closed, and activation of
17
the trailer brakes results. Do not let the lanyard, which is connected
to the pin, drag upon the ground. Inspect the condition of the
lanyard prior to travel. As well, since the breakaway safety feature
operates on the trailer battery, insure the battery is fully charged and
the terminals are clean. Testing the switch prior to traveling is
recommended (See Below). If a problem is noted, or if the switch fails
during testing, please call your dealer.
HOW TO TEST THE BREAKAWAY SWITCH
•
Disconnect the power cord from the RV to the Tow
Vehicle.
•
Pull the lanyard pin out to the first stage.
•
Brakes should audibly engage.
•
Double check by moving the tow vehicle forward slightly
to be sure the RV brakes have locked and are operating
correctly.
7-PIN PLUG
A 7-pin plug supplies the electrical connection between the tow
vehicle and the recreational vehicle. This plug connects into a
receptacle on the tow unit to allow operation of the recreational
vehicle’s marker lights, taillights, brake lights and electric brakes. A
charge line from the tow unit’s alternator is also run to this
receptacle, which allows charging to the RV battery.
BRAKES, ELECTRIC
Included in the unit packet is an extensive manual by the
manufacturer of the brakes, axles, hubs and Drums. Please refer to
this manual for information of any of these systems.
Maintaining the 7-Pin plug requires little effort. Store safely when not
in use and clean the prongs as needed. Please see your dealer if repair
work is necessary.
18
Proper weight and load distribution is absolutely essential to safe
towing. It is necessary to maintain a certain percentage of gross
vehicle weight on the tow vehicle. Common recommendations place
approximately 10% to 15% of a loaded weight on a travel trailer
hitch and approximately 20 to 25% on a fifth wheel pin weight, as
the weight comes out of the tow vehicle payload capacity. Too much
or too little weight upon the hitch leads to dangerous driving
conditions such as sway and reduced tow vehicle control. In no
circumstance should the loaded weight ever exceed the GVWR or
the GAWR.
Adjusting the Brakes
Brakes should be adjusted after the first 200 miles of operation and
every 3,000 miles thereafter. Adjust the brakes as follows using a
standard automotive brake tool.
Remove the rubber plug from the adjustment hole at the base of the
brake drum backing plate.
Raise the wheel of the ground. Place the jack under the axle only.
With the adjusting tool, turn the adjusting screw while spinning the
wheel. When the wheel begins to drag heavily, back off the just
enough for the wheel to spin freely.
Whenever possible, place heavy articles in storage compartments
which are low and near the axles for better weight distribution.
Replace the adjustment hole plug. Lower the wheel, remove the jack,
and repeat the sequence for the other wheel.
Pack articles carefully in the storage compartments to minimize
shifting. If necessary, use straps to prevent movement.
Braking Tips
Never use the trailer brakes alone for extended periods. They were
designed to stop the trailer, not the tow vehicle. Such use places
excessive loads on the brake causing overheating, fading, and
premature wear of magnets, brake shoe linings, and drums.
Be sure liquid containers are capped and cannot spill. Secure all glass
containers and dishes before traveling.
Secure all free standing furniture.
Exterior storage containers may not be watertight in all climate
conditions. Carry any articles which could be damaged by water
inside the trailer.
Never use the tow vehicle brakes alone. The added weight of your
trailer more than doubles the load placed on the vehicle’s brakes,
with the same results as using trailer brakes alone. Driving control is
also severely affected when tow vehicle brakes are used alone, due to
the force of the trailer pushing against the tow vehicle. This is
especially true on slippery pavement or loose gravel, and
“jackknifing” can occur.
OUTSIDE STORAGE COMPARTMENTS ARE
NOT
SEALED.
THEY
ARE
VENTED
ENCLOSURES, AND ARE ACCESSIBLE FROM
INSIDE THE TRAILER. THEREFORE, DO NOT
STORE FLAMMABLE, VOLATILE LIQUIDS,
HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS, OR EQUIPMENT IN
THESE AREAS.
Always use the automatic brake controller. The synchronized braking
system enables you to drive in a safe manner with both hands on the
steering wheel. If the brake controller is properly adjusted there will
be a slight “lead” on the trailer brakes. This braking resistance
combined with the tow vehicle’s engine pulling power, will help keep
the tow vehicle and the trailer correctly aligned and help bring them
to a safe, straight stop.
LIGHTS
Check all electrical connections to ensure all lights on the tow vehicle
and travel trailer are functioning properly. The break lights, hazards
and turn signals should be in synchronization with the tow vehicle.
LOADING
MIRRORS
DO NOT TRANSPORT PEOPLE INSIDE THE
TRAILERS. THE TRANSPORT OF PEOPLE
PUTS THEIR LIVES AT RISK AND MAY BE
ILLEGAL.
Adjust the mirrors on the tow vehicle prior to departure. Having
someone to assist you will make this safety step quick and easy.
Line up the tow vehicle and trailer.
AN OVERLOADED TRAILER CAN RESULT IN
LOSS OF CONTROL OF THE TRAILER,
LEADING TO DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY.
Sit in the driver’s seat and adjust the left mirror to where you can see
the entire left side of the trailer and well beyond.
While still sitting in the driver’s seat, have someone adjust the right
mirror until the same result is achieved.
DO NOT EXCEED THE TRAILER GROSS
VEHICLE WEIGHT RATING (GVWR) OR AN
AXLE GROSS AXLE WEIGHT RATING (GAWR).
19
from either direction. Slow down a bit and keep a firm hold on your
steering wheel. Aim straight down your lane.
TOWING
ALWAYS CHECK THE FOLLOWING BEFORE
TOWING
•
Conserve Fuel. You'll go farther on a tank of gas at moderate
speeds. Higher speeds increase wind resistance against the trailer and
reduce your gas mileage significantly.
TV ANTENNA IS DOWN AND IN THE CORRECT
POSITION. ALL PARK CONNECTIONS ARE
DISCONNECTED & STORED.
•
DOORS, WINDOWS, & AWNINGS ARE CLOSED
& SECURED.
•
ENTRY STEP IS RETURNED TO TRAVEL
POSITION.
•
TERMINATION
LOCKED.
VALVES
ARE
CLOSED
Avoid Sudden Stops and Starts. This can cause skidding, sliding, or
jackknifing, even if your trailer has brakes. Avoid quick stops while
turning. Smooth, gradual starts and stops will improve your gas
mileage.
Signal Your Intentions. Let surrounding vehicles know what you
intend to do well before you stop, turn, change lanes, or pass.
Shift to a Lower Gear. A lower gear will help ease the load on the
transmission and engine when going over steep hills, sand, gravel, or
dirt roads. If your tow vehicle has an "overdrive" gear, shifting out of
overdrive to a lower gear may improve your gas mileage.
&
As a motorist sharing the road, you are taller, heavier, longer and
require more time and distance to stop. Weather and road conditions
will require adjustments to speed. Anticipate dips, gutters, and
depressions in the road, slowing down well in advance, as these are
the hardest jolts of any kind on your vehicle, hitch, recreational
vehicle and items stored inside the unit. Take dips and bumps slowly
and be certain the trailer wheels have passed the point before
accelerating.
Always Be Courteous. Make it as easy as possible for faster-moving
vehicles to pass you. Keep to the right of the road and prepare to
slow down if passing vehicles need extra time to return to their
proper lane.
Don't Tailgate. Allow at least one car and trailer length between
you and the vehicle ahead for each 10 mph on your speedometer.
Three seconds should be the minimum distance.
With a trailer in tow, you're operating a vehicle combination that's
longer, heavier - sometimes wider and taller - than you're used to. So
you'll have to make some compensating adjustments in your normal
driving practices.
If a Problem Occurs: Don't panic. Stay cool. Say you experience a
sudden bumping or fishtailing. It may indicate a flat tire. Don't jam
on the brakes or mash the accelerator in an attempt to drive out of it.
Instead, come to a stop slowly as you keep driving in as straight a line
as possible. If conditions permit, coast to a very slow speed and try to
avoid braking, except when your wheels are straight ahead and your
trailer and tow vehicle are in line with each other.
Take a "Shakedown Cruise": At least one short trial run before
your first trip will help. Familiarize you with your trailer's operating
characteristics. It also will let you know that the lights, brakes, hitch,
etc., are working properly.
If your trailer begins to fishtail as you accelerate to highway speed,
back off the accelerator a bit. This should stop the fishtailing. If it
begins again as you increase speed, stop and check your load. It
probably isn't distributed evenly from side to side, or it's too far back
to put a sufficient load on the hitch ball. It is recommended that
from 5 to 10% of the trailer load be on the hitch. Redistribute the
load as necessity dictates before continuing.
Slow Down. Moderate to slow speeds put less strain on your car and
trailer.
Allow Extra Time and Space. You'll need both when passing and
stopping, especially if your trailer has no brakes.
Check Rear View Mirrors. Checking them frequently will let you
know that your trailer is riding properly. We recommend outside rear
view mirrors on both sides of your tow vehicle.
Backing Up
Place your hand at the bottom of the steering wheel. To turn the
trailer to the left, move your hand to the left, turning the steering
wheel clockwise. To turn the trailer to the right, move your hand to
the right, turning the steering wheel counterclockwise. Your tow
vehicle should go the opposite way that you want the trailer to turn.
In time and with a little practice, you will be able to back your trailer
with little effort. Always be aware that you have poor visibility to the
rear. Have someone stand outside at the rear of the trailer to guide
you.
Swing Wider. You need to make wider swings at curves and corners
because your trailer's wheels are closer to the inside of a turn than the
wheels of your car or truck.
Pass with Extra Care. It takes more time and distance to get
around a slower vehicle and return to the right lane when you've got
a trailer in tow.
Watch the Wind. To avoid swaying, be prepared for sudden
changes in air pressure and wind buffeting when larger vehicles pass
20
Passing
Remember when you pass another vehicle, it takes longer to
accelerate and additional time must be allowed due to the added
length of the trailer. Passing should be done on level terrain and
downshift, if necessary for added acceleration. Whenever deciding to
pass another vehicle, exercise caution and always use the turn signals.
Level Towing
Having the tow vehicle and recreational vehicle level with each other
will help improve tow ability as well as safe driving. A hitch that is
too low can cause the front to drag. A hitch that is too high can cause
the rear to hit those high spots in the road.
Sharply Winding and Narrow Roads
Keep well to the center of the lane, equally away from both the
centerline and pavement edge. This allows the trailer to clear the edge
of the pavement without the likelihood of the wheels dropping onto
the shoulder, causing potential dangerous sway. Do not overcrowd
or cross the center-line.
SET UP
Leveling and Stabilization
Leveling of your trailer at the site is important. A level trailer is not
only necessary for comfort but your refrigerator must be reasonably
level in order to operate properly. Additionally, slide out rooms,
doors and windows may bind if the unit is not level. Stabilization is
recommended to keep the trailer from jouncing while unhitched
when people are moving inside the trailer.
All sharp turns should be taken at low speeds. Professional drivers,
when rounding turns, slow down well in advance of the turn,
entering it at reduced speed, and then accelerate smoothly as they
come out again into the straightaway.
Travel Trailer Leveling Procedures
Choose a site that is level as possible (some sites are equipped with a
prepared surface such as concrete or asphalt.) Ensure the ground is
not soft and will support the weight of the trailer on the stabilizing
jacks or other support devices.
Steep or Long Grades
Down shifting into a lower gear or range in advance assists braking
on descents and adds power on the climb. Avoid situations that
require excessive and prolonged use of the brakes. Apply and release
brakes at short intervals to give them a chance to cool.
Before uncoupling, level the trailer from side to side with suitable
lengths of 2” x 6” wood blocks under the trailer wheels. Place the
wood blocks on the ground forward of the wheels, and tow the
trailer onto the blocks. Block the wheels to be sure the trailer cannot
roll.
Slippery Pavement
On slippery and icy pavement, reduce speed and drive slowly.
Hydroplaning can occur with little water on the pavement. If
skidding begins, remove your foot from the throttle and gently apply
the trailer brakes only.
Put the foot pad on the hitch jack post, when applicable, uncouple
the trailer from the tow vehicle and level the trailer front to rear. It
may be necessary to place a sturdy 2” x 6” wood block under the jack
post or foot pad, if applicable, to support the jack post on soft
ground surfaces.
Freeways and Highways
Try to pick the lane in which you want to move and stay in it,
preferably keeping to the slower lane on the right.
Check the level of the trailer with a carpenter’s level both crosswise
and lengthwise on the trailer floor. Use stabilizer jacks or jack stands
to eliminate sway when persons move about inside.
Turning Corners
Here is where you find a first basic difference when towing. The
trailer wheels do not follow the path of your tow vehicle’s wheels.
The trailer will make a closer turn than the tow vehicle. Compensate
by pulling farther into the intersection so that the trailer will clear the
curb or clear any parked vehicles along the road. Left turns require a
wider than normal swing into the new lane of traffic to keep the
trailer from edging into the opposing lane. Use the turn signals early
to communicate to traffic behind and slow down well in advance.
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO USE JACKS STANDS
OR STABILIZER JACKS TO JACK UP THE
TRAILER OR SUPPORT THE FULL WEIGHT OF
THE TRAILER.
After stabilizing the trailer, be sure the trailer frame is not twisted,
buckled, or stressed. Check that all doors and windows operate freely
and do not bind. Before resuming travel, be sure all stabilizers are
removed or fully retracted.
Mud and Sand
Let the momentum of the tow vehicle and trailer carry you through.
Apply power gently and stay in the tracks of the previous vehicle. If
stuck, tow the trailer and tow vehicle out together without
unhitching.
SLIDE OUTS: In extended use situations, it is advisable to
add support blocks under the slide room. Do not raise the
room, but just touch the bottom. Also, during prolonged stays
it is advisable to run the room in and out occasionally to ensure
proper lubrication.
Parking
Whenever possible avoid parking on a grade with a recreational
vehicle in tow. If it is necessary, turn the front wheels of your tow
vehicle into the curb and set the parking brake. For added safely,
place wheel chocks under the trailer wheels on the down roadside.
21
Fifth Wheel Leveling Procedures
Choose a site that is level as possible (some sites are equipped with a
prepared surface such as concrete or asphalt.) Ensure the ground is
not soft and will support the weight of the trailer on the stabilizing
jacks or other support devices.
RAISE OR OTHERWISE PLACE ALL OF THE
WEIGHT OF THE TRAILER ON THE
STABILIZER JACKS.
Dependent upon the type (Travel Trailer / Fifth Wheel), product
and model purchased, the stabilizer jacks included will vary.
Although stabilizer jacks come in different types and sizes, all
perform the same function: To stabilize the front and rear of all
recreational vehicles while parked for camping.
Before uncoupling, level the trailer from side to side with suitable
lengths of 2” x 6” wood blocks under the trailer wheels. Place the
wood blocks on the ground forward of the wheels, and tow the
trailer onto the blocks. Block the wheels to be sure the trailer cannot
roll.
Always park the recreational vehicle on level ground and use tire
chocks. It is extremely important to first, level the trailer front and
rear using the tongue jack (travel trailers) or landing gear (fifth
wheels). Then, using the crank for the particular stabilizer jack, lower
the jack(s) on the lowest side of the trailer first and check the level.
Adjust if necessary and then lower the other jack(s) to finish
stabilizing the trailer.
Lower the “quick drop” front landing gear legs before extending the
landing gear. The positioning of the “quick drop” legs will depend
upon how level your campsite is from side to side and front to rear.
The landing gear is then extended either mechanically (hand crank)
or by the optional power motor. It may be necessary to place a sturdy
2” x 6” wood block under the foot pads to support the landing gear
on soft ground surfaces. DO NOT OPERATE THE POWER
LANDING GEAR WITH CRANK HANDLE ENGAGED.
Slide Out Systems
This section focuses on the Slide Out System. The information
contained in this chapter is to provide general information on these
systems. Full manufacturer product information and specific
information on the slide out system installed, can be found in the
unit packet.
Check the level of the trailer with a carpenter’s level both crosswise
and lengthwise on the floor. Use stabilizer jacks or jacks stands to
eliminate sway when persons move about inside
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO USE JACKS STANDS
OR STABILIZER JACKS TO JACK UP THE
TRAILER OR SUPPORT THE FULL WEIGHT OF
THE TRAILER.
General Tips Concerning Slide Rooms
NEVER EXTEND A SLIDE-OUT ROOM UNLESS
THE TRAILER IS COMPLETELY LEVEL. THIS
PUTS ADDITIONAL STRAIN ON THE SLIDE
OUT MECHANISM AND MAY DAMAGE THE
TRAILER. STABILIZER JACKS SHOULD BE
USED ON ALL TRAILERS WITH SLIDE OUT
ROOMS.
After stabilizing the trailer, be sure the trailer frame is not twisted,
buckled, or stressed. Check that all doors and windows operate freely
and do not bind.
Before resuming travel, be sure all stabilizers are removed or fully
retracted
Ensure that your batteries are properly maintained and fully charged
to avoid problems associated with low voltage. Limit the amount of
12-volt lights and appliances in use when operating slide rooms.
SLIDE OUTS: In extended use situations, it is advisable to
add support blocks under the slide room. Do not raise the
room, but just touch the bottom. Also, during prolonged stays
it is advisable to run the room in and out occasionally to ensure
proper lubrication.
The recreational vehicle must be level to avoid binding the slide
rooms. Remember, leveling jacks are not capable of supporting the
weight of the vehicle! They are intended only to stabilize the unit
maintaining a level condition. Unleveled conditions cause sticking
situations providing damaging strains on the slide out mechanism.
Operational instructions for the specific type of stabilizer jack
installed are located in the unit information package. Please read all
manufacturer’s instructions and safety messages.
Weather and atmospheric conditions will in time cause rubber to
deteriorate. The seals around slide rooms should be regularly
inspected and replaced at the first sign of a problem. This
maintenance is the owner’s responsibility and is not covered beyond
the terms of the unit warranty.
Jacks and Stabilizers
AFTER MARKET STABILIZER STANDS MUST
BE PLACED ONLY UNDER CHASSIS FRAME
RAILS. STABILIZER JACKS ON TRAILERS
WITH SLIDE ROOMS SHOULD NOT BE
PLACED AT EXTREME CORNERS OF THE
FRAME. LOCATING STABILIZERS IN THESE
LOCATIONS CAN CAUSE SLIDE ROOM
DAMAGE SHOULD LEVELING BLOCKS SHIFT
OR SETTLE. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO LEVEL,
Slide room adjustments and leveling are owner responsibility, which
are not included in the warranty of your recreational vehicle.
Professional setup and, adjustment, regular maintenance and
replacement of weathered seals will greatly extend the life of the unit.
Weathered seals, which are allowed to remain in service after
22
deterioration will allow rain, snow, or ice to penetrate the roof and
walls and will cause extensive damage. Inspect the seals twice a year
and look closely for signs of cracking or damage.
out room. Place the crank handle over the shaft and turn the handle
clockwise to retract or counterclockwise to extend the slide-out
room.
When operating the slide out system, it is recommended that the
moving parts be kept clean, especially when operating in harsh
climates or environments. Road salt, ice, sand, and salt water climates
are examples of such conditions. The moving parts can be washed
with a mild soap and water solution. Slide out care does not require
any grease or lubrication. Use of any grease or lubrication may affect
the long term dependability of the system.
MANUAL SLIDE-OUT SYSTEM
To extend the slide-out room, remove the lock pin assemblies and
push the slide-out room out to its extended position. Use the lock
pin assemblies to secure the room. To retract the slide-out room,
remove the lock pin assemblies and pull the slide-out room back to
the stowed position. Use the lock pin assemblies to secure the room
SLIDE ROOM SET UP AND ADJUSTMENTS
Slide-out room set up, and adjustments are a normal part of
maintenance which is not covered by the warranty. Professional set
up, adjustment, regular maintenance, and replacement of weather
seals as soon as required will extend the life and usefulness of the
slide-out room. Weather seals which are allowed to remain in service
after deterioration may allow water to penetrate inside the walls or
roof causing extensive damage. Use a high quality silicone dressing
on the weather seals to keep them flexible and to prevent them from
sticking.
During extended travel stays, move the room in and out once or
twice a week to help keep the seals and internal moving parts
lubricated. During long-term storage periods, it is advised to have the
room retracted.
Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc is committed to the process of
continual product development. If the slide system installed is
different than described on the following pages, please refer to the
manuals included in the unit packet. Questions on the slide out unit
installed may be answered by contacting Dutchmen Customer
Service.
BUNK TENT ROOMS
See unit information packet for manufacturer operational
instructions for the model installed.
Set Up
From the inside, remove the cushions from the bunk wall.
SLIDE OUTS: In extended use situations, it is advisable to
add support blocks under the slide room. Do not raise the
room, but just touch the bottom. Also, during prolonged stays
it is advisable to run the room in and out occasionally to ensure
proper lubrication.
From the outside, release the latch assemblies; open the bunk from
the top by pulling it down to a horizontal level.
Install the support tubes, slide the tent canvas out, secure the canvas
to the platform on all three sides, and put the tension rafters and bow
rafters in place.
ELECTRIC SLIDE-OUT SYSTEM
The electric slide out system uses a 12-volt DC motor to power the
rack & pinion style system room(s). Electricity for the motor
assembly is supplied by the trailer battery. Normal operation is
performed by pressing the wall mounted slide out switch to extend
or retract the room.
Reverse the procedure to close the bunks, making sure they are
secure.
Before the bunks are folded up the tent canvas must be dry and free
of moisture. If they are not completely dry when folded up for
transit, reopen the bunks and let the canvas air out indoors or during
dry weather as soon as possible.
Electrical maintenance
Electrical maintenance is also essential to the smooth operation of
the slide out system. Full battery current and voltage is essential for
optimum performance. Regularly check the terminals of the battery,
the control switch and the motor. Look for signs of any corrosion or
loose or damaged terminals and connections from environmental
conditions as well as, road debris and vibration.
Condensation may collect in the form of water droplets on the inside
surfaces of the tent canvas. This is particularly true as the evenings
get cooler and the heater is used in the trailer. Improving air
circulation by opening a window, operating a fan, or a dehumidifier
will help to improve this condition.
Manual Override System
The slide out system comes with a manual override system. This
option can be utilized in case of power interruption or system failure.
Detailed instructions on using this option can be found in the
manual for this slide out system.
REAR DOOR/LOADING RAMP OPERATION (SRV Models)
The following steps should be taken in operating the door to prevent
injury or damage.
HAND CRANK SLIDE OUT SYSTEM
To operate the hand crank, first locate the shaft for the crank handle.
It can be found on the exterior near the bottom center of the slide-
THE MAXIMUM CARGO CAPACITY OF THE
REAR DOOR/LOADING RAMP IS 1500 LBS.
23
120 VOLT SYSTEM (ALSO REFERRED TO AS
110VA/C)
The 120 Volt system is supplied by plugging the power cord (shore
cord) into a 120 Volt source. It furnishes current to the 120 Volt
appliances and fixtures like the roof air conditioners, the refrigerator,
lighting and all 110V receptacles. It also supplies power for the 12volt trailer system through the converter.
THE MAXIMUM CARGO CAPACITY FOR EACH
TIE DOWN POINT IN THE CARGO AREA IS 500
LBS
Select a parking sight where the edge of the rear door/loading ramp
will rest entirely on a flat, level surface.
Level and stabilize the trailer.
The A/C circuits are protected by circuit breakers and can handle
from 15 to 30 Amps depending upon the circuit. The most common
cause of a circuit breaker to open is an overloaded circuit. An
example of an overloaded circuit is when a space heater is plugged
into the same outlet as the toaster. If this happens, reduce the load on
the circuit and reset the breaker.
Unlock the rear door /loading ramp and carefully lower it to the
ground.
Use caution in loading and unloading items from the cargo area so as
not to damage the door seals.
GFCI – (Ground Fault) Circuit Interrupter
Make certain that the door seals and hinge area are free of any debris,
such as sand or snow. Before closing the rear door/loading ramp.
THIS DEVICE PROTECTS AGAINST FAULT
CURRENTS ONLY. IT DOES NOT PROTECT
AGAINST OVER CURRENT.
Inspect the hinges, assist springs, and latch mechanism before each
trip for signs of wear or damage, and make any needed repairs for
safe operation and towing.
Bathroom, kitchen and exterior receptacles are protected by a highly
sensitive device, known as a “Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter”,
which is designed to sense the slightest electrical “short” at those
receptacles and instantly disconnect the current before a person can
be injured.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
The electrical system in recreational trailer is a combination 12 Volt
(Direct Current) and 120 Volt (Alternating Current) systems. Every
facet of the electrical system is carefully engineered and installed to
comply with the “American National Standard #A119.2” and the
“National Electric Code.” To understand this system, simply put, the
12 Volt system is what an automotive uses and the 120 Volt system is
what most houses use.
Even with the protection of a GFCI, electrical shock may be felt but
be of less than normally dangerous duration, except for persons with
heart problems or other conditions that make them particularly
susceptible to injury or death from electrical shock. While the GFCI
affords a degree of protection not previously available, there is no
substitute for remembering that ELECTRICITY CAN BE
DANGEROUS WHEN HANDLED CARELESSLY OR
MISUSED AND CAN CAUSE SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
12 VOLT SYSTEM-DC
The 12 Volt system can be powered in three different ways: a
separate RV battery, the converter changing 120V A/C to 12V D/C
or by the tow vehicle’s 12-Volt system. The water pump, certain
lights, power vents, and other appliances are powered by the 12-Volt
system.
Testing
The GFI receptacle should be tested at least once a month or prior
to every trip. To test the GFI, push the TEST button. The RESET
button will pop out. Power is now off at all outlets protected by the
GFI receptacle. Push in the RESET button in to restore power. The
test is complete when the reset button remains pushed in.
The heart of the 12-Volt system is the battery. Batteries are essentially
storage devices for electrical energy. Most batteries used in RV’s are
RV/Marine Deep Cycle, Lead-Acid types. These batteries contain
lead plates and liquid sulfuric acid electrolytes in sections called cells.
If the RESET button does not pop out when testing, the GFI is
malfunctioning and no outlets should be used on this circuit, as
protection is lost. Call your dealer if the GFI malfunctions.
Water is lost from the electrolyte whenever a battery discharges
energy or is recharged. The level of the electrolyte must stay above
the plate in each cell. Many premature battery failures occur because
the electrolyte level was not maintained. For battery maintenance &
storage information refer to the Care & Maintenance Section.
POWER CORD / SHORE CORD
EXTREME CARE SHOULD BE USED IF
ADAPTER PLUGS ARE ADDED. POLARITY
MUST BE CHECKED BEFORE CONNECTING
THE PLUG. NEVER USE AN ADAPTER
UNLESS AN ADDITIONAL GROUND IS
PROVIDED,
PARK
MANAGEMENT
IS
CONSULTED, AND POLARITY IS CHECKED.
NEVER REPLACE CIRCUIT BREAKERS OR
FUSES OF HIGHER CURRENT RATING THAN
THOSE ORIGINALLY INSTALLED. THIS COULD
OVERHEAT THE WIRING AND START A FIRE.
24
The power cord, often referred to as shore cord or shoreline, is a
heavy-duty cable with a 3 or 4 prong grounding plug on one end and
connects directly to the power converter inside the unit on the other
end. This cord is used to plug into an external 120V source. Most
cords are typically 30 Amp (3 prong), although certain components
or ordered options on some units will require a 50 Amp (4 prongplug).
AVAILABLE POWER
Campground electrical service varies. Make no assumptions when
hooking up to a site for electric. Check the polarity before plugging
in. An inexpensive polarity checker is available from your dealer and
can save a lot of headaches. Just because the RV has 30 or 50 Amp
power cord, it does not mean 30 or 50 is available. When reserving a
site, ask what electrical service is available. Low voltage can damage
RV electrical systems and/or components like air conditioners,
televisions, microwaves, etc. Items such as voltage meters, surge and
brownout protectors are available from electrical and RV accessories
stores to help you monitor the electrical current entering the trailer.
Before plugging in the RV shore cord, turn off all electrical
appliances so as not to start under a “load”, which could cause a
breaker to open. Reverse this process before unplugging.
The power cord prongs should always be clean and solid. Clean with
a contact cleaner, emery cloth and / or a nail file. Electrical
connections work better when clean.
CONVERTER
The main purpose of the converter in your RV is to provide 12 Volt
power to the unit while plugged into an A/C outlet, such as at a
campground. The converter will, as its name indicates, convert the
incoming alternating current to direct current, so as to operate the
appliances and fixtures requiring 12-Volt D/C power. In essence,
utilization of the converter will reduce the usage of the RV battery.
DO NOT PLUG SHORE CORD IN WHILE
UNDER A LOAD. MAKE SURE ALL
APPLIANCES ARE TURNED OFF PRIOR TO
CONNECTING SHORE CORD.
The converter helps by trickle charging the RV battery when the
trailer is plugged into A/C power. When connected to the tow
vehicle the RV battery will also be charged. If remaining plugged into
120V power for extended periods, check the electrolyte level often in
the RV battery.
UTILIZING EXTENSION CORDS BEYOND THE
LENGTH OF THE MANUFACTURER-SUPPLIED
CORD IS A POTENTIAL FIRE HAZARD. THE
SHORE CORD LENGTH PROVIDED BY THE
MANUFACTURER
IS
DESIGNED
FOR
MAXIMUM SAFETY. USE OF EXTENSION
CORDS BEYOND MANUFACTURER-SUPPLIED
LENGTHS IS NOT RECOMMENDED.
LP GAS SYSTEM
READ ALL MANUFACTURER APPLIANCE
LITERATURE, INCLUDING THE INFORMATION
ON THE LP BOTTLES AND REGULATOR,
PROVIDED WITHIN THE UNIT PACKET AND
FOLLOW ANY INSTRUCTIONS GIVEN.
30 AMP SERVICE
30 Amp service is 120 Volt service limited to a total draw of 30 Amp.
The power cord from the RV is three pronged. 30 Amp service is the
most common in the RV industry and used widely in campgrounds
through the United States. With 30 Amp service any appliance in the
RV can operate by itself. However, due to the 30 Amp limitations,
you may not be able to run a certain group or all appliances at the
same time. For instance, most air conditioners will draw up to 16
Amps on start up and about 11 Amps when running continuously.
While running the microwave and pulling 15Amps, you decide to
turn on the air conditioner, the initial draw of up to 16 Amps may
overload the circuit, causing a breaker to blow. Below, a reference
chart has been supplied to show typical Amperage draw on common
appliances and fixtures.
GENERAL INFORMATION
LP-gas (also called LPG, Liquefied Petroleum, or Propane) when
properly handled, is a clean burning dependable fuel for operating all
LP gas appliances. The LP gas system involves the tank(s) (Also
called bottles or cylinders), regulators, valves, supply lines and
appliances. LP tanks contain liquid under high pressure, which
vaporizes into a gas and passes through the regulator to automatically
reduce the pressure. Low-pressure gas is then distributed through the
supply lines to provide the fuel for LP appliances.
Consumption of LP Gas depends upon the frequency and duration
of use of the LP appliances. The furnace and oven have the highest
assumption rates. During cold weather it is advisable to check the
bottles often and always keep one full. Safety must be observed at all
times when using the LP gas system. LP gas is colorless and odorless
in its natural state. An odorant, similar to rotten egg smell, has been
added for consumer safety purposes to help detect leaks and provide
warning.
50 AMP SERVICE (OPTIONAL)
If the RV has 50 Amp service, the power cord will have 4 prongs,
unlike the 3 pronged cord of a 30 Amp power cord. The four
pronged cord is capable of running up to 50 amps of draw. 50 Amp
service is also 120 Volt service, however, it retains unique properties.
With the 30 Amp plug, only one prong carries the 120 V power.
With the 50 Amp plug, two of the four plugs carry 120Volt, allowing
for the ability to set up power needs according to appliance
application. As such, a unit built with two air conditioners, can run
both at the same time if they are routed on different feeds, while
running other appliances commonly used within an RV.
LP GAS IS HIGHLY FLAMMABLE AND IS
CONTAINED UNDER HIGH PRESSURE.
IMPROPER USE MAY CAUSE FIRES AND / OR
EXPLOSIONS. IF A SULFUR OR “ROTTEN EGG
25
higher pressures, loss of fuel and / or component failure. The vent
can be cleaned by using a toothbrush and should be checked
periodically by a qualified LP service center.
SMELL” IS DETECTED, IN OR AROUND THE
TRAILER, PERFORM THE FOLLOWING STEPS
IMMEDIATELY.
DO NOT TRY TO LIGHT ANY APPLIANCE /
SHUT OFF ALL OPERATING APPLIANCES.
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO ADJUST OR REPAIR A
LP
REGULATOR.
ADJUSTMENTS
AND
REPAIRS REQUIRE SPECIALIZED TRAINING
AND TOOLS. CONTACT A QUALIFIED LP
SERVICE TECHNICIAN. FAILURE TO FOLLOW
THESE INSTRUCTIONS COULD RESULT IN A
FIRE, EXPLOSION AND / OR INJURIES,
INCLUDING LOSS OF LIFE.
EXTINGUISH ANY OPEN FLAMES INCLUDING
CIGARETTES.
DO NOT TOUCH ANY ELECTRIC SWITCHES.
OPEN WINDOWS AND DOORS
LP BOTTLES
Filling LP Bottles
EXIT TRAILER
SHUT OFF THE GAS SUPPLY AT THE GAS
CONTAINER (BOTTLE OR SOURCE)
ONLY FILL TANKS WITH LIQUEFIED
PETROLEUM GAS. NEVER ATTEMPT TO
CONNECT NATURAL GAS TO THIS SYSTEM.
IMMEDIATELY CALL A SERVICE CENTER OR
GAS SUPPLIER FROM AN OUTSIDE PHONE
AND FOLLOW THEIR INSTRUCTIONS. DO NOT
TURN ON THE GAS SUPPLY UNTIL THE GAS
LEAKS HAVE BEEN REPAIRED
LP BOTTLES, REGARDLESS OF SIZE,
SHOULD NEVER BE FILLED MORE THAN 80%.
OVERFILLING CAN LEAD TO UNCONTROLLED
FLOW, WHICH CAN CAUSE A FIRE OR
EXPLOSION.
LP REGULATOR
Dutchmen LP systems are equipped with a Type I cylinder
connection, making them as easy to connect and disconnect as a
garden hose. The Type I connection system uses the Excess Flow
Pigtail Hose, distinguished by the large green nylon swivel nut. The
green swivel nut attaches to the outside of the cylinder valve with
right hand threads. Tighten the swivel nut by hand. DO NOT use
tools.
LP GAS REGULATORS MUST ALWAYS BE
INSTALLED WITH THE DIAPHRAGM VENT
FACING DOWNWARD. REGULATORS THAT
ARE NOT IN COMPARTMENTS HAVE BEEN
EQUIPPED WITH A PROTECTIVE COVER.
MAKE SURE THAT THE DIAPHRAGM VENT
FACES DOWNWARD AND THE COVER IS
KEPT IN PLACE TO MINIMIZE VENT
BLOCKAGE WHICH COULD RESULT IN
EXCESSIVE GAS PRESSURE CAUSING FIRE
OR EXPLOSION THAT COULD CAUSE
SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
The safety features of this system prevent gas from flowing unless
the connection is tight and will limit excessive gas flow. In cases of
extreme heat, 240° to 300° F, at the connection, the connection to
the cylinder will be shut down.
All new containers may contain water, air, or other contaminants, it is
essential that these be removed before filling the container and
placing it into service. Water vapor present in the gas vapor may
cause regulator freeze-up at the inlet orifice and interrupt the gas
service. Also it may have an effect on the ability of the odorant to
meet the present standards, as water can cause oxidation on the
inside of the container and result in odorant fade. Air in the container
will cause abnormally high pressure, with the result that the pressure
relief valve may open. Air in the system is also likely to cause pilot
lights to go out.
The regulator is the heart of the LP system. LP gas is under high
pressure in the bottle and the regulator reduces this pressure to allow
safe use with the appliances in recreational vehicles.
The lower pressure is distributed to the appliances. The arrow on the
automatic gas regulator will always point to the gas bottle in service.
When the red flag appears in the inspection glass, this indicates that
bottle is empty. In systems without automatic changeover, the arrow
should be then turned toward the other bottle and the empty filled as
soon as possible.
Care & Maintenance
The regulator has a vent that allows it to breath. If pressure builds
too high within the regulator, it vents until pressure reaches a normal
range. Check the vent frequently to keep the vent clean and clear of
any debris, corrosion or obstruction. A clogged regulator can result in
26
1.
Procedure for Filling LP Cylinders Equipped With an
OPD Valve
2.
Shut of tow vehicle and extinguish all appliance pilot lights
when filling tanks.
3.
Ensure that the hand wheel valve is in the closed position.
4.
Attach the fill hose to the outlet on the valve.
5.
Turn on the LP source.
6.
Open the bleeder valve on the LP tank 10 percent.
7.
Slowly open the cylinder bottle hand wheel valve
approximately one-quarter turn.
8.
As the cylinder starts to fill, the hand wheel valve may be
opened more. One turn is all that is necessary to complete
filling the tank.
9.
When the bleeder valve begins to spit liquid, shut off the
LP fill source, close the bleed screw on the cylinder, then
close the valve.
or converter.) The detector is operational only as long as sufficient
battery power is available. If the power is disconnected, the monitor
will not operate.
Should a propane leak occur, the detector will sound an alarm and
continue until the gas has dissipated or until a mute button is pressed.
The mute button will only stop the alarm from sounding for 60
seconds and will reoccur if gas is still present. Sometimes in new
coaches, an alarm will sound due to the odor in a new trailer from
glues and other materials used to build the unit. The alarm also may
sound at times when no LP is present due to household product use
such as aerosol hairspray, cleaners, adhesives, alcohol etc. Be sure to air
out the trailer thoroughly after delivery and when using these products.
The LP gas leak detector has a self check circuit which runs at all
times while receiving 12 Volt power. In the event that the circuitry
fails, a failure alarm will sound and the operating indicator will cease
to light.
SPLIT-BOTTLE SYSTEMS – (Primarily on Fifth
Wheels)
Dutchmen uses LP cylinders equipped with a safety valve to prevent
over-filling the tank. Rapid changes in pressure during filling or when
switching the regulator changeover valve can cause this safety feature
to activate, causing a “no gas flow” situation. The problem occurs
when the system, downstream of the cylinder valve and above the
regulator, has less pressure than the bottle pressure. The check valve
activates, sensing a break in the line. In order for the valve to reset,
the pressure in the line must equalize with the tank pressure. Internal
mechanisms allow for a very small bypass flow to achieve
equalization. This usually takes 2-5 minutes
When to Test Detector
Testing of the detector is recommended every week, if power is
interrupted or before each camping trip. The LP detector must be
operating for at least 60 seconds before it can be tested.
When the Alarm Sounds…
1. Open all doors & major windows.
LP Gas Lines
The primary manifold is a black pipe located beneath the unit.
Copper tubing, with flare fittings, are used as secondary lines running
to the gas appliances. If repairs are needed to these lines or any
component of the LP system, DO NOT ATTEMPT to repair
yourself and follow the above instructions.
Although your LP gas system was thoroughly inspected for leaks
before delivery, gas fittings can loosen from vibration during travel.
The LP gas system should be inspected at least once a year.
2.
Turn off the gas supply at the LP tank.
3.
Do not re-enter until alarm stops sounding.
4.
Turn on gas supply. If alarm sounds a second time, turn
the gas off and contact an authorized dealer or LP service
technician.
PLUMBING SYSTEM
GENERAL INFORMATION
A recreational vehicle plumbing system consists of two sub-systems:
The freshwater system and the wastewater system. Potable fresh
water is supplied by either the fresh water tank aboard the unit or
from an outside source connected through the city water connection.
When using the fresh water tank, the water is pumped through the
water lines by means of the water pump. When utilizing an exterior
source, such as a campsite water supply, the pump is not needed as
the water is already pressurized and will flow through the water
supply lines within the trailer.
Bleeding Air from LP Gas Lines
If there is air present in the lines you will find it difficult to light the
pilots on the appliances. Air can be forced from the lines by lighting
the appliance closest to the LP gas cylinders, and the next closest, etc.
You will find the pilots will not light as readily when air is escaping
through them--be patient and they will light.
LP GAS LEAK DETECTOR
Read the operating instructions, located in the packet thoroughly for
the specific model installed in the unit.
MONITOR PANEL
The monitor panel allows you to check the approximate liquid levels
in the fresh water and the gray and black holding tanks. Dependent
upon the type of monitor panel, 3 or 4 tanks can be monitored along
with the charge condition of the battery. (The water heater switch is
located on some models.)
NEVER CHECK FOR LEAKS WITH OPEN
FLAME MATCH, ETC. ONLY USE A SOLUTION
OF MILD DISH DETERGENT AND WATER.
The LP gas leak detector is a safety device that is permanently
mounted near the floor and is powered by 12V (the RV battery and /
27
•
Operation
Depress the button for the desired reading (tank or battery.) The
levels readout for the tanks will read at Empty (E), 1/3, 2/3, or Full
(F). All lights will be lit when full. The battery conditions are as
follows:
C
Charge
G
Good
F
Full
L
Low
City Water Fill
SOME WATER SUPPLIES DEVELOP EXCESSIVE
PRESSURE, PARTICULARLY IN THE MOUNTAIN
REGIONS. WATER PRESSURE REGULATORS ARE
AVAILABLE TO PROTECT THE FRESH WATER
SYSTEM AGAINST HIGH PRESSURE.
The city water fill allows a direct connection to an outside source,
such as campsites with water risers. There is no need to use the water
pump as the water coming from the exterior source is already
pressurized and will bypass the pump and tank. Connect the city
water fill by using a hose manufactured for potable water use. Open
faucets and allow air to be purged.
Erroneous Readings
The monitor panel displays readings from sensors attached to the
tanks. These sensors can send false readings when the following
conditions occur:
City water fills are marked with a label and may be installed as a
separate piece of equipment or as a part of a "combination" water
inlet housing.
Water with low mineral content. Minerals in water help conduct the
electrical signal to the monitor display. Some water, which is very low
in mineral content, may not conduct the signal properly. Although
infrequent, this condition can exist. Check the panel reading when
the fresh water tank is filled.
Sanitizing the Fresh Water System
Keeping the fresh water system clean and free of any potential
contaminations is a top priority. Sanitizing the system before initial
use and thereafter annually, or whenever water remains unused for
prolonged durations, is recommended. This will help keep the water
system fresh and discourage harmful bacterial or viral growth. To
sanitize your system, perform the following:
Material trapped on the sides of the holding tanks also may provide
full readings when the tank is actually empty. Use of a spray to wash
out the tank following dumping should help prevent this condition.
Grease build up on the sensor probes may indicate false readings or
not readings at all. Avoid pouring any grease, oils or similar
substances down drains or the toilet. If this occurs, wash the tank(s)
out with soapy water.
Drain the tank by opening the low point drain for the fresh water
tank.
Prepare a chlorine bleach solution of ¼ cup to one gallon of water
for every 15 gallons of tank capacity. Example: Use 2 ¾ gallons of
the solution for a 40-gallon tank. If using Ultra bleach
concentrations, reduce bleach to 1/8 cup to one gallon of water.
FRESH WATER TANK
A fresh water tank is equipped on all travel trailers and fifth wheels.
Tanks vary in size according to product and model. To determine
how much fresh water the system can hold, refer to the RVIA
TRAILER WEIGHT INFORMATION label located on the inside
of the kitchen cabinet door near the sink.
Add solution to tank and fill with water. Open each faucet/fixture
until a distinct chlorine odor is smelled. Close faucets and let stand 4
hours.
The full capacity rating of fresh water for the travel trailer / fifth
wheel includes the cumulative total of the tank, lines, and the hot
water heater tank.
Drain system and flush with fresh water until chlorine odor and smell
is gone. (If water filter has been added, change it at this time).
Vibration While Traveling
Although the Fresh Water System was thoroughly inspected for leaks
before delivery, fittings can loosen over time, from vibration during
travel. Periodically check the fittings at the faucets and visible
connections and tighten when necessary.
Fresh Water Fill
To fill the fresh water tank, remove the cap, on the exterior
connection labeled “Fresh Water Connection”, and insert a garden
hose. Check the monitor panel to determine the level of water in the
tank during filling. When full, water may spill out back through the
valve, as there is no automatic cutoff. When filling the fresh water
tank it is a good idea to also fill the hot water heater and lines to
provide the maximum system capability.
•
Water should be drained from the fresh water system when
not in use for more than 1 week.
Water Pump
NEVER TURN ON THE PUMP IF THE FRESH
WATER TANK IS EMPTY. DAMAGE TO THE
PUMP AND/OR A BLOWN CIRCUIT MAY
OCCUR.
When traveling with the water tank full, the cargo carrying
capacity is reduced.
28
The 12–volt water pump installed is self-priming and totally
automatic, operating upon demand. When a fixture is opened the
pump draws water from the tank and pressurizes the lines, providing
water to the open fixture. The pump has an on/off switch and is
located on the monitor panel. Never turn on the pump if the fresh
water tank is empty.
Care & Maintenance
Proper maintenance of the water heater relies on inspection and
awareness. (Full maintenance requirements are listed within the
manufacturer’s User’s Manual located in the unit packet.)
An anode rod within the tank increases the life of the tank and under
normal use will deteriorate. Replacement of the anode rod should be
done yearly or more frequently if water supplies contain high levels
of iron or sulfate. Another important maintenance procedure is
periodically checking the water heater screen in the exterior door for
any obstructions, such as animal / insect nests or debris. Proper
ventilation is essential to the safe operation of the water heater.
Before Turning “On” the Pump Switch:
1.
Check the water level in the fresh water tank – if empty,
refill. (See “Fresh Water Tank Fill”)
2.
Open kitchen and bathroom faucets, hot & cold valves,
and any shower/tub fixtures.
3.
Check to make sure Water Heater By-Pass Valve is set to
“Normal Flow” to allow water into the hot water heater.
4.
Turn on switch for water pump and allow the pump to fill
the water lines and hot water heater tank.
5.
Close each faucet after it delivers a steady stream of water.
6.
The water pump should stop running after all faucets are
closed.
7.
Pump should now run on “demand” when a faucet is
opened, and stop when the faucet is closed.
A qualified technician should do any repairs that need to be
performed. If soot is present anywhere, immediately shut the unit
down and contact a qualified service technician. Soot is a sign of
incomplete combustion and must be corrected before operating the
water heater.
Pressure Relief Valve-Weeping or Dripping
As in residential water heaters, the water heater equipped in
recreational vehicles contains a pressure relief valve that is designed
to open if the temperature of the water within reaches 210º F or if
excessive pressure is built up. When pressure reaches 150 pounds,
the relief valve will open and water will drip from the valve. The
valve will close automatically once the pressure falls below 150
pounds. This dripping is normal and does not indicate a
malfunctioning or defective valve.
Water Heater
Also, as water is heated it expands and with the closed water system
in a recreational vehicle, water expansion will cause weeping at the
pressure relief valve. One way to minimize this weeping is by
maintaining an air pocket at the top of the water heater tank. The air
pocket forms naturally by design but will reduce over time through
normal use.
THE WATER HEATER INSTALLED IS AN LP
GAS APPLIANCE. CAREFULLY READ THE
MANUFACTURER’S MANUAL FOR COMPLETE
OPERATIONAL AND SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS,
PROVIDED IN THE UNIT PACKET, PRIOR TO
USING THE APPLIANCE.
Replenishing the Air Pocket
1. Turn off water heater.
The water heater installed is typically a 6-gallon (standard) or 10gallon (optional on some units).
Dependent upon the model installed, the water heater will operate
only on gas or upon either gas or AC current. For specific water
heater operating instructions, please consult the user’s manual located
in the unit packet. Prior to operating the water heater, be sure there is
water in the fresh water tank and in the water heater.
ENSURE WATER HEATER IS FILLED WITH
WATER PRIOR TO TURNING ON THE POWER
AND/OR OPERATING. EVEN MOMENTARY
OPERATION WITHOUT WATER WILL BURN
OUT THE ELEMENT. THIS OCCURRENCE IS
NOT COVERED UNDER ANY MANUFACTURER
WARRANTY.
2.
Turn off cold water supply.
3.
Open a faucet in the RV.
4.
Allow time for water to cool and pull out handle of the
Pressure Relief Valve and allow water to flow from the
valve until it stops.
5.
Release handle on valve – it should snap shut.
6.
Close faucets and turn on cold water supply, as tank fills,
the air pocket will be replenished.
Water Supply and Odor
Water supplies sometimes contain high levels of sulfur, which causes
an unpleasant smell, similar to rotten eggs. While unpleasant, the
water is not harmful. Sanitizing the water system, as described earlier
and allowing the sanitizing solution to remain for a few days, should
eliminate the odor. Remember to thoroughly flush the system after
29
sanitization. Adding a filtration system will help reduce such
occurrences.
AND NOT FOR USE IN POTABLE WATER
SYSTEMS.
Draining & Storage
When not using for long periods or storing during the winder
months, the water heater must be drained to avoid damage from
freezing during the winter and/or deterioration of tank life from
mineral content in water supplies.
Method 1 (With By-Pass Kit installed)
1. Purchase 1-2 gallons of RV non-toxic anti-freeze.
To Drain the Water Heater
1. Turn off power to the water heater at the switch or the
main breaker.
2.
Drain the fresh water tank and empty the waste water
holding tanks
3.
Turn water heater by-pass valve to by-pass position. (The
by-pass valve is located near the water heater incoming
lines – an access panel may have to be removed depending
upon the model.)
4.
Drain water heater.
5.
If installed, remove water filter from assembly and discard.
Install diverter if included.
6.
Open all faucets, including showerhead sprayer, toilet
flushing device and any other water lines that are closed.
2.
Shut off the gas supply and the water pump.
3.
Open all fixtures, both hot and cold throughout the unit.
4.
Place the bypass valve (if equipped) in the “by-pass”
position.
5.
Remove/open the exterior access door to the water heater.
6.
Remove the anode rod from the tank. Water will drain out
tank.
7.
Turn on the water pump for 30 seconds to clear out any
water in the lines.
7.
For Winterization Procedures,
“Winterization” in this chapter.
section
8.
Connect an air hose with an adapter to the city water fill
connection.
By-Pass Kit
The By-Pass Kit is a popular convenience feature that allows for
easier drainage of the hot water heater tank and winterization of the
unit. The by-pass kit is installed near the cold water inlet of the water
heater and allows for blockage of water flow into the water heater,
saving time and reducing the amount of anti-freeze needed during
winterization.
9.
Set the pressure no greater than 30 pounds and blow out
the water lines until no water can be seen coming out of
the fixtures and lines.
See
the
10. Pour RV anti-freeze into drains, p-traps, toilet, and tanks.
11. Pour RV anti-freeze into drains, p-traps, toilet, and tanks.
Method 2 (With By-Pass Kit installed)
1. Purchase 4 – 6 gallons of RV approved, non-toxic
antifreeze.
Winterization
RV components can be damaged from the effects of freezing.
Protection of the plumbing system and related components is crucial.
Damages due to weather are not covered under warranty at any time.
Many recreational vehicle owners choose to have their units
winterized by their dealer, while others choose to do it themselves.
Following are descriptions of two methods use to winterize:
Many Dutchmen products include an optional by-pass kit that allows
the plumbing system to bypass the hot water heater, reducing the
amount of anti-freeze that will be needed (By-pass kits are available at
most RV service centers for a reasonable expense and can be
installed during winterization). Without a by-pass kit installed, an
additional 6-10 gallons of anti-freeze will be required.
Your local dealer is best suited to answering any questions as well as
providing information on winterization and storage that may be
particular to the climate in your area.
DO NOT USE AUTOMOTIVE ANTI-FREEZE.
AUTOMOTIVE ANTI-FREEZE IS POISONOUS
30
2.
Drain all tanks, fresh water and sewage tanks.
3.
Turn water heater by-pass valve to by-pass position. (The
by-pass valve is located near the water heater incoming
lines – an access panel may have to be removed depending
upon the model.)
4.
Drain water heater.
5.
If installed, remove water filter from assembly and discard.
Install diverter if included.
6.
Pour an amount of RV non-toxic anti-freeze into the fresh
water tank to fill the tank above minimum water pump
operating level. (Use of a long funnel may be helpful). Add
more, if necessary during procedure.
7.
Turn pump switch and open the cold water side of all
faucet fixtures. Leave open until the anti-freeze comes out
(generally, pink in color). Repeat for hot water side.
8.
Flush toilet until anti-freeze begins to flow into the bowl
and then pour one gallon of anti-freeze down the toilet to
winterize the black tank.
9.
water tank. Complete instructions and care for the model installed
are located in the unit packet.
Toilet Troubleshooting
Water keeps running into bowl.
On the hand lever models, be sure the lever returns all the way. If they do not, there
may be foreign material on the waste blade valve or the seal in the bottom of the
bowl preventing the bowl from fully closing.
Pour anti-freeze down each shower / tub, lavatory sink,
and kitchen sink to fill p-traps.
On the foot pedal models, clean out any foreign material in the groove where the
valve blade seats in the bottom of the bowl.
10. To winterize gray tank(s) pour one gallon down each
related sink drain.
Foot Pedal hard to operate or blade sticks.
Removing Antifreeze
If purchasing a coach which is winterized with RV anti-freeze, or
having had an existing unit winterized before winter storage, the
plumbing system must be flushed and sanitized prior to use. Do Not
Attempt to turn on water heater if system is winterized. Perform the
following prior to attempting to operate the water heater or use the
plumbing system.
Spray a light film of silicone on the blade.
Poor Flush
The lever or pedal must be held fully open during the flushing for two or three
seconds.
1.
Drain all tanks, fresh water and sewage.
Be sure a sufficient quantity of water is in the bowl to carry waste into the holding
tank.
Toilet leaks water onto the floor.
2.
WASTEWATER TANKS MUST BE DUMPED AT
STATE APPROVED LOCATIONS.
Attach garden hose to fresh water fill and fill tank.
3.
Turn on pump switch and open cold water side of all
faucet / shower fixtures. Leave open until water runs clear.
Repeat for hot water side.
Still leaking, have the problem service by an authorized service
center.
4.
Flush toilet until clear water runs into bowl.
5.
Dump tanks again.
6.
Sanitize water system.
WASTEWATER TANKS MUST BE DUMPED AT
STATE APPROVED LOCATIONS.
7.
If a water filter is installed, drain lines, remove filter
assembly, clean & reinstall with new filter.
DO NOT USE THE SAME HOSE TO FILL THE
FRESH WATER (POTABLE) WATER TANK.
8.
When ready to use the Water Heater, Turn By-Pass Valve
to Open Position to allow water to enter hot water heater
tank and fill according to instructions.
DO NOT LEAVE ANY HOSE CONNECTED
WHEN NOT IN USE.
Check the water inlet connection. Tighten, or clean and tighten if necessary.
Holding Tanks
WASTE WATER SYSTEM
The waste water system inside the recreational vehicle is selfcontained, while on the road or set up in a campsite. The main parts
of the waste system are the toilet, holding tanks and tank dump
valves. As in residential households, the drainage system also includes
p-traps and roof vents to allow escape of odors and gases.
DO NOT ADD ANY CHECK VALVES TO THIS
SYSTEM.
Waste Water is divided into two categories: Black water and Gray
water. The term black water refers to the waste flushed down the
toilet and stored in a separate tank*, referred to as the black tank.
Gray water is the wastewater from the sinks, tub and shower drains
and is stored within one (or more) gray tank(s). Waste tanks empty
through a single or multiple outlets, but a separate valve controls
each tank.
Toilet
The toilet operates from water supplied either by the fresh water tank
or from an exterior water supply connected at the city water hookup. (The water pump must be turned on when utilizing the water
from the fresh water tank.) The toilet flushes directly into the black
31
The dump valves should remain closed even if connected to an
exterior sewer hook up. For proper dumping, empty tanks only when
they are nearly full. The idea is to send a large volume of water
through the tanks and hose at the same time to assist the solid waste
in flushing from the system.
Things Not To Put Into Toilet or Drains:
Facial tissues, paper towels, sanitary products (including those labeled
flushable).
Detergents or bleach. Use a sewage tank deodorizer, available from
dealer.
Dumping Instructions
1. Twist off the termination outlet cap.
2.
Connect the sewer hose by turning counterclockwise,
locking the end levers over the termination end.
3.
Place the other end of the sewer hose into an approved
dump station inlet.
4.
Open the black tank termination valve and drain.
5.
Open the gray tank termination valve and drain. (If unit has
2 gray tanks, drain one at a time.)*
6.
Close termination valves.
7.
Disconnect sewer hose and store.
8.
Replace termination cap on the outlet.
9.
Add chemical deodorant / breakdown agent approved for
RV use.
Automotive antifreeze, ammonia, alcohols, or acetones.
Grease from cooking, table scraps or other solids that may cause
clogging
Note: For best results, use only biodegradable toilet tissue specifically
manufactured for RV use, available from your dealer.
GAS FURNACE
USE
OF
KEROSENE
OR
OTHER
AFTERMARKET SPACE HEATERS IS NOT
RECOMMENDED AND IT IS AT YOUR OWN
RISK. SUCH HEATERS MAY DISCHARGE
MOISTURE AND GASES FROM COMBUSTION
INTO YOUR TRAILER AND CAUSE EXCESSIVE
INDOOR HUMIDITY. SUCH HEATERS MAY
ALSO CAUSE A FIRE, DEPLETE OXYGEN, OR
RELEASE CARBON MONOXIDE AND OTHER
HARMFUL GASES WHICH CAN CAUSE
SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
* If unit is equipped with the No-Fuss Flush System, perform flush
at this time.
The gas furnace operates on LP gas. It is controlled by a thermostat,
as in a home. There is a separate “off” switch on the thermostat to
completely shut down the furnace. Consult your furnace instruction
manual and the instructions on the furnace for details of lighting.
Once the furnace is on, its operation can be controlled entirely by the
thermostat. You will not need to touch any other furnace switches or
valves. The furnace is a forced-air system which pushes warm air
throughout your travel trailer. The blower is wired to operate directly
from your 12-volt or 120-volt system.
After the sewage tank has been emptied, close the gate valves and put
approximately five gallons of water in the sewage holding tanks. This
will help prevent solids from building up. The addition of a
deodorizing agent like Aqua-Kem® will help prevent odors.
No Fuss Flush (Optional)
If equipped, the no fuss flush kit has been installed to rinse the
interior of the black tank. Similar to the water fills located on the
exterior of the unit, a separate hookup is placed on the exterior.
APPLIANCES
Flush the tank after dumping by connecting the sewer hose and
attaching a garden hose to the inlet labeled “Sewer Valve Must Be
Open When Using This Inlet” OR “Black Tank Flush.” Open the
water supply to full pressure to flush tank. When water runs clear
from sewer hose, shut off water supply and disconnect garden hose
from source. Do not disconnect hose from flush inlet until water has
drained from system.
Air Conditioner
The air conditioning unit can only be operated when the vehicle is
attached to a 120V A/C power supply. For best performance, park
the trailer in the shade and keep the curtains closed. Before
operating any model of roof air conditioning, close all doors and
windows. The optional heat unit on certain models is not a substitute
for the primary heat system. .it is designed primarily to warm the
trailer in moderately cool conditions only.
Solid Build Up
The most common problem associated with the waste system is solid
build up. Using plenty of water when flushing the toilet, and keeping
the tank valves closed until ready to flush the system can reduce the
risk of build up. Should you ever have a build up of solids, close the
valve, fill the tanks about ¾ full with fresh water, drive a distance to
agitate the solids, and drain the tanks.
Refer to the air conditioner manufacturer’s instructions for detailed
operation and preventative maintenance requirements. Remember
that this appliance requires large portion of your available electric
power.
32
Kitchen Range and Oven
Constitute Misuse, Abuse Or Neglect, And May Therefore Reduce
The Warranty Protection.
IT IS NOT SAFE TO USE COOKING APPLIANCE
FOR COMFORT HEATING.
Your trailer was designed primarily for recreational use and shortterm occupancy. If you expect to occupy the trailer for an extended
period, be prepared to deal with condensation and the humid
conditions that may be encountered. The relatively small volume and
tight compact construction of modern recreational vehicles mean
that the normal living activities of even a few occupants will lead to
rapid moisture saturation of the air contained in the trailer and the
appearance of visible moisture, especially in cold weather.
The gas oven and burners are operated with LP gas. The basic
operation is similar to the range in your home. For additional
information refer to the manufacturer’s instructional manual.
Cooking appliances need fresh air for safe operation. Before
operation, open the overhead vent or turn on the exhaust fan and
open a window. Unlike homes, the amount of oxygen supply is
limited due to the size of the trailer, and proper ventilation when
using the cooking appliances will avoid dangers of asphyxiation.
Just as moisture collects on the outside of a glass of cold water during
humid weather, moisture can condense on the inside surfaces of the
trailer during cold weather when relative humidity of the interior air is
high. This condition is increased because the insulated walls of a
recreational vehicle are much thinner than house walls. Estimates
indicate that a family of four can vaporize up to three gallons of
water daily through breathing, cooking, bathing and washing. Unless
the water vapor is carried outside by ventilation, or condensed by a
dehumidifier, it will condense on the inside of the windows and walls
as moisture, or in cold weather as frost or ice. It may also condense
out of sight within the walls or the ceiling where it will manifest itself
as warped or stained panels. Appearance of these conditions may
indicate a serious condensation problem. When you recognize the
signs of excessive moisture and condensation in the trailer, action
should be taken to minimize their effects
Portable fuel-burning equipment, including wood and charcoal grills
and stoves, should not be used inside the trailer. The use of this
equipment inside the trailer could result in fire or asphyxiation.
Range Exhaust hood
The exhaust hood allows vapors and cooking odors to escape and
serves as a vent for the galley area. The hood has a grease filter screen
which will require periodic cleaning.
Microwave
Refer to the manufacturer’s owners manual for additional
information.
Refrigerator (self contained models)
The refrigerator is designed to operate on LP Gas and 12 Volt D/C
or 120 Volt A/C electric. Before operating the refrigerator the trailer
must be level. If it is not level, the refrigerator will not circulate,
cooling action will stop, and the refrigeration system may be
damaged.
VENTILATION AND MOISTURE CONTROL
TV Antenna (optional)
Turn the rotating portion so that its pointer lines up with the ceiling
plate pointer. Turn the handle in the “UP” direction until some
resistance is felt. Pull down the rotating knob to disengage it from the
ceiling plate and rotate it until you locate the best picture and sound.
Always lower the TV Antenna before moving your unit.
1.
Ventilate with outside air. Partially open one ore
more roof vents and one or more windows to provide
circulation of outside air into the interior. While this
ventilation may increase furnace heating load during
cold weather, it will greatly reduce water condensation.
Even when it is raining or snowing, ventilation air
from outside will be far drier than interior air and will
effectively reduce condensation inside the trailer.
2.
Minimize Moisture released inside the trailer.
Run the range vent van when cooking and the bath
vent van (or open the bath vent) when bathing to
carry water vapor out of the trailer. Avoid making
steam from excessive boiling our use of hot water.
Remove water or snow from shoes before entering to
avoid soaking the trailer. Avoid drying overcoats or
other clothes inside the trailer. Do not use a
humidifier inside the trailer. Water put in the air will
greatly increase the level of condensation.
3.
Ventilate closets and cabinets. During prolonged
use in very cold weather, leave cabinet and closet
doors partially open to warm and ventilate the
interiors of storage compartments built against
exterior walls. The air flow will warm the exterior wall
surface, reducing or eliminating condensation and
minimizing possible ice formation.
AM/FM Radio with Cassette or CD Players
Refer to the manufacturer’s owners manual for additional
information.
PROLONGED OCCUPANCY
The effects of prolonged occupancy
Note: Your Trailer Is Not Designed, Nor Intended As Permanent
Housing. Use Of This Product For Long Term Or Permanent
Occupancy May Lead To Premature Deterioration Of Structure,
Interior Finishes, Fabrics Carpeting And Drapes. Damage Or
Deterioration Due To Long-Term Occupancy May Not Be
Considered Normal, And May Under The Terms Of The Warranty
33
4.
5.
leaks. Proper preventive maintenance to the RV and its accessories,
as described both in this manual and in accompanying literature, will
provide the best protection to the RV.
Install a dehumidifier. During prolonged,
continuous use, a dehumidifying appliance may be
more comfortable and effective in removing excess
moisture from the interior air. While use of a
dehumidifier is not a “cure-all”, and ventilation, storm
windows and moisture reduction continue to be
important, operation of the dehumidifier. Heating
load on the furnace will be reduced and the interior
will be less drafty.
For more information of controlling moisture in the RV, please read,
“Ventilation and Moisture Control..
*If using a dehumidifier, please read and follow all manufacturer instructions and
recommendations to the use and cleaning of the dehumidifier.
Install tight fitting storm windows on all non
emergency exit windows to eliminate condensation on
window glass. The interior surface of the window will
be warmer, reducing moisture condensation.
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
The instructions and recommendations located within this manual
and the accompanying manufacturer’s component literature should
be read, as failure to perform necessary or preventative maintenance
may limit or void all or part of a specific warranty.
Dripping Ceiling Vents
During cold weather and even in short term occupancy,
condensation frequently forms on ceiling vents and may even
accumulate to the point of dripping onto the surface below. This is
frequently misinterpreted as a “leaking” roof vent but is most often
condensation. Follow the preceding steps to control moisture
condensation; protect surfaces with plastic sheeting until moisture
has dissipated.
Care and maintenance of the recreational vehicle is an important step
in maintaining the safety, dependability and the appearance, both
interior and exterior, of the unit. Keep good records of all
maintenance performed as these may be necessary for warranty
information or may assist in possible repairs needed.
Operational usage and climates may affect the frequency of
maintenance needed on certain components. Preventative
maintenance is important to the life and enjoyment of any
recreational vehicle as many problems can be caught before they
occur. Please do not hesitate to call your dealer with a question on
the maintenance or care of any item.
MOLDS
What are molds?
Molds are microscopic organisms that naturally occur in virtually
every environment, indoors and out. Outdoors, mold growth is
important in the decomposition of plants. Indoors, mold growth is
unfavorable. Left unchecked, molds break down natural materials,
such as wood products and fabrics. Knowing the potential risks is
important for any type of homeowner to protect their investment.
The care and maintenance of appliances are discussed within the
appliance chapter. Always refer to the manufacturers
recommendations located within the literature contained within the
unit packet.
When performing any maintenance, always wear appropriate
safety protection gear. If uncertain or unfamiliar with any of the
preventative maintenance items appearing in this manual,
please contact your local dealer.
What factors contribute to mold growth?
For mold growth to occur, temperatures, indoor or outdoors, must
be between 40 degrees and 100 degrees Fahrenheit and also have a
source of moisture, such as humidity, standing water, damp materials,
etc. Indoors, the most rapid growth occurs with warm and humid
conditions.
EXTERIOR
SEALS & ADHESIVES
YOUR TRAILER’S #1 ENEMY IS WATER. IT IS
CRUCIAL THAT YOU INSPECT AND MAINTAIN
THE SEALS ON YOUR TRAILER. SEAL
MAINTENANCE
IS
AN
OWNER
RESPONSIBILITY AND IS NOT COVERED BY
THE WARRANTY.
How can mold growth be inhibited?
By controlling relative humidity, the growth of mold and mildew can
be inhibited. In warm climates, use of the air conditioner will reduce
the relative humidity. Vents are located in the bathing and cooking
areas and constant use is advised during food preparation and
bathing, even during colder weather. Additionally, opening a window
during these activities will assist in ventilation. In extremely humid
conditions, the use of a dehumidifier can be helpful. *
The seals and adhesives used perform an important job, keeping out
an RV enemy – water. Close inspection and routine maintenance are
crucial to the longevity of the trailer. While many types are used,
none have a pre-set lifetime, as exposure to the elements and regional
variances of climate can accelerate any sealants deterioration.
Therefore, every three months, inspection of all seals is
recommended and a quick inspection prior to every trip will help
reduce potential problems down the road.
Frequent use of the RV or cleaning regularly is an important
preventive measure. Further, any spills should be wiped up quickly
and dried as soon as possible. Avoid leaving damp items lying about.
On safe surfaces, use mold or mildew killing cleaning products.
Check sealants regularly, and reseal when necessary to avoid water
34
When inspecting, check for cracks, voids, shrinkage, or any sign of
deterioration. If any of these signs are noticed, have your dealer
inspect and replace the sealant if necessary. It is important to use the
same kind of sealant that was previously used. Seals left in need of
repair may allow water to infiltrate the structure which can lead to
very costly repairs.
DO NOT USE products containing ammonia or caustic harsh
cleaners as they may cause discoloration to the fiberglass surface.
WINDOWS (EXTERIOR)
Do Not dry wipe surfaces
Do Not use high-pressure washers, rotating brushes, such as in car
washes, and power buffers. Use of these products can damage
graphics and / or paint finishes.
YOUR TRAILER’S #1 ENEMY IS WATER. IT IS
CRUCIAL THAT YOU INSPECT AND MAINTAIN
THE SEALS ON YOUR TRAILER. SEAL
MAINTENANCE
IS
AN
OWNER
RESPONSIBILITY AND IS NOT COVERED BY
THE WARRANTY
Do Not use rubbing compounds
ABS PLASTIC / MOLDED PARTS
Some components of Dutchmen products are constructed of strong
ABS molded plastic. A mild solution of soap and water should be
used when cleaning. When using any product, make sure the product
is recommended for use on plastics. Avoid harsh abrasive cleaners,
ammonia or citric-based products as discoloration may result.
Check the sealant around the windows at least once every three
months. If any interior leaks are noticed, contact an authorized dealer
immediately. Seals left in need of repair may allow water to infiltrate
the structure which can lead to very costly repairs. To ensure window
operation, adjust and lubricate latches and any moving parts annually.
A light oil or powdered graphite can be used for lubrication.
Periodically use a vacuum attachment to clean any debris out of the
window weep holes, which are necessary to drain any condensation
or moisture from hard driving rains that may collect.
ROOF
DO
NOT
USE
PETROLEUM
BASED
SOLVENTS, HARSH ABRASIVES OR CITRUS
BASED PRODUCTS. USE OF THESE
PRODUCTS CAN CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE
MEMBRANE AND OR PRODUCE LARGE
BUBBLES.
FIBERGLASS / GEL COAT FINISH
Care of the Gel Coat Filon™, Hi-Gloss finish is similar to caring for
a new car. Any finish will deteriorate over time. Exposure to extreme
sunlight, pollutants, and excessive moisture can cause dulling, fading
and yellowing. Regular washing and periodic waxing will help
maintain the glossy new look. When washing, use a mild, automotive
or RV wash solution, available at your dealer, being sure to rinse off
any loose debris first. Avoid spraying water directly into the furnace
and refrigerator vents. Waxing the Filon™ areas twice a year is
recommended. Wax with an automotive wax or polish developed for
boats. Follow all directions by the wax manufacturer carefully and
remember to wash and wax out of direct sunlight and when surfaces
are cool.
The Brite-Ply™ roofing system is a polymer membrane that will not
rust or corrode and is quieter than metal roof systems. The robber
roof material itself does not require annual coatings or additional
sealants. Wrinkles or Bubbles may develop in the material due to
expansion and contraction from heating and cooling but this does
not affect the integrity of the roof and is not a cause for concern.
The roof material can, however, be cut by sharp objects. Use caution
when walking on or loading articles on the roof. Care is needed when
driving or parking to avoid punctures. If damage does occur, the roof
may be patched with a special kit available through your dealer. If
accessories or new equipment is added, be sure the installer is
qualified to work on the rubber roof material.
METAL
The aluminum exterior has a baked on enamel finish. Washing
frequently with an automotive or RV wash solution will help avoid
staining from debris and soil build-up. Always rinse unit with clear
water prior to washing to remove any loose dirt. Waxing two to three
times a year with a good automotive paste wax will help preserve the
finish.
Maintenance
Inspect the roof at least every 90 days, paying particular attention to
the seams where the areas of sheet metal, molding, rubber and / or
fiberglass are joined. Carefully inspect the sealant around any vents,
skylights, air conditioners, etc.
DO’S & DON’TS
Exposure to the elements will cause sealants to deteriorate over time.
Variations in climate and weather may accelerate deterioration.
Inspection and periodic resealing is essential as preventative
maintenance. If cracks or shrinkage is noticed, immediately follow
the rubber roof manufacturer’s recommendations for repair or
resealing. Special sealants are used due to the composition of the
roofing material. For the appropriate sealant, please see your dealer.
Do Use Automotive / Marine grade non-abrasive waxes.
Do Use Soft cloths to clean and wax
Do be careful around graphics. Wax and wash with the graphic, not
against it.
Cleaning
35
Prior to cleaning the roof, rinse the roof off to remove any debris. Be
sure to keep the sidewalls wet to reduce streaking. Standard
household detergents can be used for normal cleaning. Do not use
petroleum solvents, harsh abrasives or critic-based cleaners that can
damage the membrane. Appropriate cleaners such as Dicor Roof
Cleaner™ are available through your dealer. Remember to rinse
thoroughly after cleaning.
PERSONAL INJURY AND / OR PRODUCT
DAMAGE COULD ENSUE IF JACKS USED
AFTER DETERMINATION OF MALFUNCTION
Tongue Jacks, manual (Travel Trailers)
Whenever preparing to travel, inspect the jack for any damage and
test operation. If jack is difficult to operate, clean and oil lightly. If
jack is still difficult to operate or freezes, call your dealer. Service on
any jack should be performed by qualified service personnel only.
For stubborn stains, a cloth dampened with mineral spirits is
suggested. Do not, however, pour mineral spirits directly onto the
roof material or allow a stain to “soak”. Keeping the roof free of
debris and clean will help prevent staining. Avoid parking in areas
where fruit or tree sap may fall and remain directly on the roof for
extended periods, causing irremovable stains.
Tongue Jacks, power (Travel Trailers)
Prior to traveling, inspect the jack for any damage and test operation.
Check connections at battery and keep contacts clean and secure. If
the power jack malfunctions at any time, call a local dealer. Service on
all power jacks should be performed by trained service personnel.
FRAME & CHASSIS
Frame & Bumper
Over time, weather & climate such as rain, snow, sand, salt, etc. lead
to corrosion. Rinse the undercarriage, wheel wells, hitch and bumper
when needed to remove dirt, oil, tar, salt and other debris.
Periodically inspect for rust. Improper maintenance and weather
variables are not covered under warranty. Near coastal regions,
inspect more frequently. If needed, lightly sand and repaint with
rustproof enamel.
Fifth Wheel Jacks
Prior to each use inspect drop tube and inner ram tube. Replace or
repair as required per component manufacturer instructions. Follow
all preventative maintenance instructions provided on the specific
component installed. If malfunction occurs, immediately call your
local dealer. Service on any jack should be performed by qualified
service personnel only.
Steps
Clean regularly to remove dirt, salt, mud, etc. and lubricate pivot
points with a quality automotive grade lubricant every 30-60 days.
TIRES & WHEELS
Hitch Couplers
Inspect prior to each trip. The ball socket and clamp should be
cleaned and lubricated monthly with wheel bearing grease. If coupler
or coupler components appear damaged or worn, contact your dealer
upon notice of the problem.
SOME PROCEDURES REQUIRE THE USE OF
SPECIAL TOOLS FOR SAFE AND CORRECT
MAINTENANCE. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO
SERVICE, REPAIR OR WORK ON ANY AXLE,
BRAKE, OR WHEEL SYSTEM UNLESS YOU
HAVE
APPROPRIATE
SKILLS
AND
KNOWLEDGE. LACK OF PROPER TRAINING,
FAILURE TO FOLLOW PROCEDURES OR USE
SPECIAL TOOLS AND SAFETY EQUIPMENT
COULD RESULT IN PROPERTY DAMAGE,
SERIOUS INJURY, OR LOSS OF LIFE.
Fifth Wheel Coupler
Inspect monthly or prior to each trip. The hitch plate and locking
mechanism should be generously lubed with a high temperature
rated grease at all times. Consult the paper work that accompanied
the hitch purchase for manufacturer recommendations.
Wheel Bearing Lubrication
Wheel bearings should be repacked every 6000 miles or every 6
months. Every time the wheel hub is removed, the wheel bearings
must be adjusted. Turn the hub slowly to seat the bearings while
tightening the spindle nut until the hub will no longer turn. Loosen
the spindle nut so it may be turned by hand. Tighten nut finger tight
then loosen to first hub slot allowing alignment. Install cotter pin.
Safety Chains
Safety chains should be inspected monthly. If chains are damaged or
weakened, replace immediately. Never tow without use of the safety
chains.
Jacks
IF EQUALIZER (WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION) BARS
ARE ATTACHED TO VEHICLE WHILE
ATTEMPTING TO OPERATE A POWER
TONGUE JACK, THE MOTOR MAY CLUTCH
AND / OR SEIZE UPON ATTEMPTING TO BEAR
THE LOAD. DAMAGE TO THE JACK UNDER
THESE CIRCUMSTANCES IS NOT COVERED
BY DUTCHMEN MANUFACTURING, INC. OR
THE JACK MANUFACTURER.
Note: Do not move hub during this step.
The spindle nut and hub should be free to move with the cotter pin
being the only restraint.
Prepare bearings by cleaning with solvent to remove the old grease.
Repack by pressing fresh bearing grease into bearing roller area.
Repack bearings more often if subject to extremely wet conditions. If
36
Besides maintaining the electrolyte level, visually inspect the battery
for loose terminals, corrosion, or any damage to the vent covers or
case. Tighten any loose clamps on the terminals of the battery and
clean any corrosion off the terminals. An inexpensive device for
cleaning these terminals can be purchased at automotive stores.
trailer has not been used for more than 2 months, the wheel bearings
should be inspected and repacked if necessary.
Repack bearings using a high temperature, automotive type wheel
bearing grease produced by a reputable manufacturer. The grease
type should be polyurea, lithium complex or equivalent. Use a NLGI
Grade 2 product with a minimum dropping point of 440F.
Pump until new grease begins to appear.
When working with batteries, be extremely careful. The acid in
batteries is highly corrosive and flammable. Batteries produce a
flammable hydrogen gas that will explode if ignited. Never place
batteries in any compartment or near anything that could spark, even
a 12-volt switch. Never smoke or use open flames anywhere near the
battery. Secure batteries in a battery box or in a compartment
specially designed for battery storage. Wear safety glasses and
appropriate clothing when performing any maintenance on a battery.
In case of a spill or splash, immediately flush the affected area with
cold water for 15 minutes and call the poison control center for
further instructions.
Replace rubber plug.
Battery Storage
ULTRALUBE® If the Recreational Vehicle is equipped with
Ultralube, there is no need to lift the RV prior to greasing axles. To
grease follow these simple steps:
Remove the rubber plug from the grease cap.
Insert grease gun on the grease fitting.
WHEN STORING A BATTERY, DO NOT PLACE
THE BATTERY DIRECTLY ON CONCRETE, AS
THE BATTERY WILL DISCHARGE MORE
RAPIDLY.
Hubs and components still need to be inspected and maintained per
the manufacturer guidelines.
Brake Adjustment
The electric brakes are of the drum and two-shoe type and adjust the
same as most automotive brakes. Adjust brakes after the first 200
miles. Every 3 months or 3000 miles, test the brake drag and adjust if
required. Full procedures are outlined in the component
manufacturer’s guide, included in the unit packet. Never adjust just
one brake. When adjusting brakes on any vehicle, either replace or
adjust all brakes at the same time, or at least both brakes on the same
axle.
When storing the RV for an extended period, fully charge the battery
before storage. Batteries will self-discharge over time and are subject
to freezing, especially if in a discharged conditioned. Inspect batteries
while in storage every 2 to 3 weeks. Hook up a battery charger at
least once a month to prevent discharge and sulfating. An easy
solution is to remove the battery completely from the unit during
storage and place it at home in a warmer location, such as a garage,
so that the battery condition can be monitored and charged as
needed during storage periods.
BATTERY
BEFORE PERFORMING ANY MAINTENANCE
ON THE BATTERY, ALWAYS DISCONNECT
THE BATTERY, REMOVING THE NEGATIVE (-)
CABLE FIRST AND THEN REMOVING THE
POSITIVE (+) CABLE.
APPLIANCES
Refer to the manufacturer’s owners manual for additional
information.
MISCELLANEOUS
Bed Spreads
Refer to the label attached to the bed spread by the manufacturer.
Care instructions should be given. In most instances or whenever in
doubt, dry – clean all fabric products such as drapes and bedspreads
for best appearance and prolonged life. Washing draperies and
bedspreads in washers will cause premature deterioration, fading,
shrinkage and / or possible damage.
THE ACID IN BATTERIES IS HIGHLY
CORROSIVE AND HYDROGEN GAS IS
PRODUCED
WHICH
IS
EXTREMELY
FLAMMABLE. AVOID PLACING NEAR A
POSSIBLE IGNITION SOURCE SUCH AS OPEN
FLAME OR POTENTIAL SPARK PRODUCING
WIRING.
Inspection
To inspect the electrolyte level, remove the vent covers and visually
ascertain the electrolyte level in each cell, using a small flashlight may
help. (If a maintenance free battery has been purchased – no way
exists to check these levels.) If the level needs to be replenished in
any or all cells, carefully pour in distilled water only. Never use acid or
tap water. Tap water contains minerals and chemical impurities that
can kill the battery.
Blinds and Shades
Venetian blinds and Day / Night Shades should be vacuumed
regularly with a soft brush attachment. Use of a soft cloth and mild
cleaner on blinds will help keep them new looking. For fabric shades,
upholstery cleaners are not recommended. Instead, spot clean when
necessary, using a mild soap and water solution on area.
37
dry cleaning, be sure to inform attendant of fire retardant items.
Spots and stains should be removed with a non-water based
commercial spot remover manufactured for this purpose.
Cabinet Doors and Drawers (Solid Hardwoods)
The cabinet doors & drawer fronts are solid wood and should be
cared for similar to the fine furniture in your home. Using a quality
furniture polish will help maintain the beauty and luster of the wood
as well as keep the wood from drying out. The accidental scratches
can be covered satisfactory with a good quality commercial furniture
scratch remover.
Faucets and Fixtures
To protect the finishes on your kitchen and bath faucets and fixtures,
use only a damp soft cloth or sponge. Do not use abrasive cleaners
or materials as they can damage the finish.
Carpeting
The carpeting installed is easy to maintain. Vacuum regularly to
remove abrasive grit. Water based spills and spots should be
removed immediately with a damp cloth. Grease or oil based stains
and spots should be spot cleaned with a good commercial spot
cleaner made for this purpose. If complete shampooing is desired, it
is best to have it done by a competent professional carpet cleaner.
Never soak or water-log your carpeting.
Flooring, Vinyl
For routine cleaning, sweep or vacuum regularly. Follow by using a
damp mop with warm water and clean a small area at a time. Rinse
the mop frequently as to not redistribute the dirt picked up. If
washing is needed, use a quality product designed for no-wax
flooring. To polish the floor, do not use solvent-based waxes or
polishes as damage to the flooring may result. Use only polishes
recommended for no-wax flooring.
Ceilings and Walls
Clean only with a mild detergent in warm water, using a damp cloth
to clean the ceiling. Never use strong chemicals or excessive water /
moisture, as either can damage the ceiling or walls.
Glass & Mirrors
Clean glass and mirrors as you would at home use a cleaner designed
for glass. To reduce “spotting” on outside windows, use a squeegee
promptly after rinsing with water. For stubborn spots, cleaning with
a mixture of vinegar and water is recommended and is safe for most
finishes.
Countertops
Dutchmen countertops fall generally into two categories: Composite
or laminate. Regardless of the type installed, avoid use of abrasive
pads and scouring powders, which can dull the surface and make it
more stain-prone. Always use a chopping block or cutting board
when using knives. When cooking, it is advisable to always place pots
and pans straight from the burner or oven on lined hot pads and not
directly on the counter surface. Wiping up spills immediately and
cleaning frequently will help ensure the beauty of any countertop.
Fabric & Upholstery
Do not laundry upholstery fabrics. Blot up stains promptly and use
an upholstery cleaner or mild solvent, depending on the stain. Never
soak the fabric and use as little water as possible. Blot rather than rub.
Towel dry or have professionally cleaned. Upholstery can be
vacuumed regularly using a soft brush attachment.
Dos & Don’ts
Always use a hot pad or trivets under hot dishes, pots and pans.
Always use a cutting board. Never use a knife on countertop.
Run cool water when pouring boiling water into sinks.
Avoid harsh chemicals and abrasive cleaners unless directed by
manufacturer
Do not use products containing bleach.
Sinks, Tubs, and Toilets
Many of these products are made of acrylics, plastics or composite
materials and use of non-abrasive cleaners is recommended to
protect the finish. Use of harsh cleaning products can cause
premature deterioration and/or yellowing of the surface finish.
Draperies
Draperies and upholstery fabrics should always be dry cleaned like
any other fine fabric by a competent dry cleaning establishment.
Many window treatments and bedspreads are fire retardant. When
38
GENERAL MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
The limited warranty and the limited warranties issued by component manufacturers require periodic service and maintenance, and the owner’s failure to
provide this service and/or maintenance may result in loss of warranty coverage for that item. The owner should review Dutchmen Manufacturing, Inc.’s
limited warranty and the limited warranty of all other manufacturers.
39
40
41
MAINTENANCE & SERVICE RECORDS
The limited warranty and the limited warranties issued by component manufacturers require periodic service and maintenance, and the owner’s
failure to provide this service and/or maintenance may result in loss of warranty coverage for that item. The owner should review Dutchmen
Manufacturing, Inc.’s limited warranty and the limited warranty of all other manufacturers.
42
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