Uganda Water Action Plan
UG 95
THE REPUBLIC OF UGANDA
TER
GROUNDWATER DATABASE
ANNEX REPORT - VOLUME 2 (DOC. Oil)
MINISTRY OF NATURAL RESOURCES
DIRECTORATE OF WATER DEVELOPMENT
1995
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70 35 899 64
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UGANDA WATER ACTION PLAN
WATER RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT
GROUNDWATER DATABASE
ANNEX REPORT - VOLUME 2
(DOC. Oil)
V
MINISTRY O F NATURAL RESOURCES
/• /
DIRECTORATE O F WATER
1995
LIBRARY IRC
PO Box 93190, 2509 AD THE HAGUE
Tel.: +31 70 30 689 80
Fax: +31 70 35 899 64
BARCODE:
LO:
Uganda Water Action Plan
Directorate of Water Development
VOLUME 2
LIST OF CONTENTS
Abbreviations
Annex 9
GROUNDWATER DATABASE AND DATABASE LINKS
Annex 10
DWD GROUNDWATER DATABASE
SPECIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS
Annex 11
DWD GROUNDWATER DATABASE
USER'S MANUAL
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LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
AfDB
CLICOM
Danida
DWD
GIS
GPS
HYDATA
HYDROCHEM
IF AD
KFW
LWF
NEIC
NGO
NURP
RTWSP
RUWASA
STWSP
SWIP
UNICEF
UTM
WATSAN
WB
WDD
African Development Bank
Climatological database
Danish International Development Assistance
Directorate of Water Development
Geographic Information System
Global Poistioning System
Hydrological database
Hydrochemical database
International Fund for Agricultural Development
Kreditanstalt fur Widerafbau
Lutheran World Foundation
National Environmental Information Centre
Non-Governmental Organisation
Northern Uganda Reconstruction Project
Rural Towns Water and Sanitation Programme
Rural Water and Sanitation (East Uganda) Project
Small Towns Water and Sanitation Programme
South-West Integrated Health and Water Programme
United Nations Childrens Fund
Universal Transverse Mercator projection
National Water and Sanitation Programme
World Bank
Water Development Department (Now DWD)
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ANNEX 9
GROUNDWATER DATABASE AND DATABASE LINKS
Uganda Water Action Plan
Directorate of Water Development
ANNEX 9
LIST OF CONTENTS
1
GROUNDWATER DATABASE AND DATABASE LINKS
1.1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.1
1.2
1.6
1.8
1.9
Introduction
Ongoing groundwater development programmes and database status
Objectives and requirements
Use of the groundwater database
Relations between the groundwater database and external databases
Appendix 1.1
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Annex 9
GROUNDWATER DATABASE AND DATABASE LINKS
1.1
Introduction
Groundwater has played a significant role in domestic water supply in Uganda with
construction of tubewells commencing in the early part of this century and private drilling
contractors in operation as early as in the mid 1920s. Other drilling activities have been
undertaken by the Geological Survey and the Water Development Department (WDD) now
reorganized as the Directorate of Water Development (DWD). The total number of
boreholes is close to 14,000 of which almost all carry a more or less comprehensive
record. Furthermore, there are in the order of 15-20,000 identified springs of which some
5,000 are protected, and an unknown number of dug wells for which records in general
do not exist.
Following the end of the civil war in 1986, borehole rehabilitation and construction
activities have again gained momentum with several large-scale programmes presently
being implemented. These programmes are almost invariably financed by international and
bi-lateral donor agencies and NGOs. The degree of individual project coordination with
DWD varies from negligible to full integration as DWD does not have sufficient staff and
other resources for coordinating all the groundwater development activities under the
different programmes. DWD may furthermore not always be the contractor for these programmes and the need for record keeping and data collection thus tends to be defined by
the individual programmes rather than by DWD.
In order to facilitate efficient and appropriate groundwater resources management by
DWD, it has been decided to prepare a design for a national groundwater databank. It
should be realized that such a databank will emphasize groundwater availability and quality
rather than detailed technical data on individual installations. A reasonable amount of
technical data for waterpoint installations have been included though, and it is believed that
this database, in addition to detailed information on the groundwater situation, may also
serve most of the requirements for information about "technical installations at individual
groundwater extraction points (boreholes, dug wells and protected springs).
The databank is intended to be one of a larger number of databases on water resources,
water supply facilities, construction work, cost and monitoring etc. which eventually
should constitute a DWD management information system. The proposed databank will
thus fulfil the DWD requirements for groundwater information but may be supplemented
by individual project databases as and when appropriate. It should furthermore be
mandatory for future implementation programmes or contractors of boreholes, dug wells
and protected springs to submit groundwater data to DWD following the proposed database
format.
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Directorate of Water Development
1.2
Ongoing groundwater development programmes and database status
The present groundwater development activities in Uganda are undertaken by a relatively
large number of programmes and projects. The overall annual construction rate is 3,500
waterpoints, of which 1,600 are boreholes (deep and shallow hand-augered), 1,600 are
protected springs and 300 are large diameter dug wells.
1.2.1
Danida/Rural Water and Sanitation East Uganda Project (RUWASA)
The RUWASA programme started pilot activities in 1989 and full-scale construction in
1991. The programme covers eight districts in south-eastern Uganda (Mukono, Jinja,
Kamuli, Iganga, Tororo, Pallisa, Mbale and Kapchorwa) and is envisaged to have a 10
year implementation period during which it is estimated to construct a total of 10,000
waterpoints. The programme is restricted to rural areas and practically all extraction
facilities will be hand-operated, point-sources thus providing a large number of observation
points but only limited groundwater extraction.
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The number of waterpoints constructed by RUWASA so far is 1,900 (900 boreholes, 800
protected springs and 200 dug wells), and the present annual construction rate is 500
boreholes, 300 protected springs and 110 dug wells.
RUWASA is fully integrated into DWD and maintains databases which have been
developed in collaboration with DWD's relevant professional staff. However, the databases
have been developed for RUWASA's use only, and have not been correlated to other
programmes' data registration. The RUWASA data registration furthermore gives high
priority to construction information (for project monitoring purposes) and is thus not
directly suitable for groundwater registration and/or monitoring.
The databases related to groundwater development, presently maintained by RUWASA,
are a hydrogeological and borehole database, a water quality database and individual
databases for protected springs, dug wells and hand-augered boreholes. Location data for
all waterpoints are being established as grid coordinates by use of Global Positioning
System (GPS). Full chemical water quality testing is carried out more or less as a routine
procedure and all waterpoints are as a minimum tested for physical parameters.
All RUWASA databases have been prepared using dBASE IV software and the project has
recently defined activities to establish links between their individual databases and to make
the RUWASA databank compatible to the DWD requirements.
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1.2.2
UNICEF/South-West Integrated Project (SWIP)
The SWIP programme was launched by UNICEF in 1987 following a period of handpump
and borehole emergency rehabilitation in the Luwero triangle, and activities in other parts
of Uganda since 1984. Construction activities (related to groundwater) under SWIP
comprise tubewells and spring protection in the districts of Masaka, Rakai, Mbarara,
Kasese, Bushenyi, Rukungiri and Kabale.
SWIP has its main office in Mbarara and the programme is only partially coordinated by
DWD. Data is maintained in the form of hard copies only and presently includes some
1,700 boreholes and approx. 4,000 protected springs. The current construction rate under
the SWIP programme is 250 boreholes and 800 protected springs per year.
SWIP has two GPS units but they are not being routinely used, and borehole location data
in terms of coordinates are not available. Water quality data only includes a limited
number of physical parameters. No chemical control is carried out.
1.2.3
World Bank/Northern Uganda Reconstruction Project (NURP)
NURP is an integrated reconstruction programme which includes urban and rural water
supply and groundwater development activities in nine districts (Apac, Gulu, Lira, Kitgum,
Soroti, Kumi, Palissa, Arua and Moyo). Drilling work is being carried out by DWD and
these activities are expected to run for three years and to include a total of 360 boreholes.
With DWD as the drilling agency, the reporting follows standard DWD formats. No
computerized databases are maintained.
1.2.4
Plan International
•Plan International has recently called for pre-qualification of drilling contractors to
construct boreholes in Luwero district. No specific reporting format has been developed
and the production rate is expected to be 100 boreholes per year.
1.2.5
WaterAid
British WaterAid has an ongoing shallow well construction/rehabilitation programme in
Kabarole district, totalling 180 wells per year. Some 40 hand-augered boreholes have
recently been completed in Mbale district, and a new programme is about to be launched
in Kitgum district with an annual production of about 250 hand-augered boreholes.
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Spring protection is ongoing in Rukungiri district with 700 springs protected already, and
a construction rate of 500 per year over the next two years. The activities in Bushenyi
district have now been halted due to lack of funding, after protection of a total of 120
springs.
All spring, borehole and well sites are located by use of GPS (four units in operation and
three more under procurement), and there are plans to do test pumping for all new boreholes. The programme furthermore carries out limited water quality tests (basically
physical parameters).
1.2.6
CARE
The annual construction rate under the CARE programme is 50 new boreholes and some
rehabilitation in addition to a few protected springs. CARE maintains a lotus database with
location and construction details, and regularly reports to DWD.
1.2.7
Directorate of Water Development (DWD) and UNICEF/Water Sanitation Programme
The WATSAN programme coordinated by DWD is dependent on funding from various
sources such as Government and donor agencies, mainly UNICEF. The programme carries
out spring protection, borehole rehabilitation and recently a shallow well programme was
started. The construction rate varies in accordance with available funding, and is on
average 200 augered boreholes/dug wells and 500 protectecTsprings per year. Standard
DWD hard-copy reporting is used.
1.2.8
WB, AfDB and KFW/Rural Towns Water and Sanitation Programme (RTWSP)
The RTWSP encompasses a number of activities for development of urban and small
towns water supply. This type of water supply will partly be based on surface water but
to a variable degree also on groundwater from tube wells and springs. The total number
of towns expected to be covered by the programme is more than 60 within an estimated
implementation period of 10 years. Feasibility studies and demand studies are far from
completed and the total number of groundwater extraction points to be developed is
therefore difficult to establish. It is envisaged, however, that the total number of
groundwater extraction points under the three programmes will be more than one thousand.
The Small Towns Water and Sanitation Programme (STWSP) which is about to commence
pilot activities, is by far the largest of the activities under the RTWSP. During the
programme preparation and planning stages of the STWSP, the programme has been fully
integrated into DWD and this model is expected to continue during the implementation
phases.
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Computerized databases are yet to be established in accordance with DWD requirements.
1.2.9
Other programmes
Minor construction activities are undertaken by Lutheran World Foundation (LWF) in
Moroti district (40 boreholes and 20 protected springs per year). The International Fund
for Agricultural Development (IFAD) is to construct about 100 boreholes in Hoima
district. An additional 80 boreholes are constructed annually under Italian aid programmes
in Hoima, Mubende and Kotido districts.
No readily available databases are maintained and DWD does not receive reports from
these programmes.
1.2.10
Comparative analysis and conclusions on database need
A vast amount of groundwater information has over the years been accumulated within the
DWD but the data has not been compiled in a systematic manner and is therefore not
readily accessible. Various manual data extraction exercises have been made by individual
programmes for specific purposes but this has neither resulted in a systematic data
organisation nor improvement of data accessibility.
. 1 nere are at present no guidelines as to what type of data should be recorded in relation
to groundwater development activities and no requirements or procedures for reporting of
such data to DWD. Individual projects have established (hard copy and few computerized)
formats which basically fulfil their own reporting and monitoring needs rather than the
requirements of a national groundwater resources database. It should be noted, though, that
several projects recently have approached DWD in order to establish database formats and
that obviously there is a clearly expressed need for this.
As only a limited number of the ongoing programmes maintain computerized databases
there are very few considerations to be made in terms of compatibility of individual
formats. It has been recommended by several projects, however, that the new format be
established by nse of dBASE IV compatible software, and combined with appropriate GIS
software for production of maps. Arc/Info is the GIS software currently in use at the
National Environmental Informa*:on Centre (NEIC) anu at the Biomass project in the
Department of Forestry, whereas UNICEF use AtlasGIS.
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1.3
Objectives and requirements
1.3.1
Objectives of the national groundwater database
The objectives of establishing a national database is to organize and systematize all
relevant available groundwater data in order to prepare an overview of the groundwater
resources in terms of quantity, quality and availability.
The database will serve as an efficient tool in groundwater resources management and may
constitute an important basis for planning of future groundwater development activities
through combination with e.g. census data whereby detailed information on coverage and
service level may be compiled. Groundwater monitoring will further be enhanced.
1.3.2
Functional requirements
The database will include static as well as dynamic data. Static data are geology, drilling
dimensions and location, whereas dynamic data, which may change with time, are e.g.
water level, chemistry and pump installation data. The database is designed to include, at
all times, the latest available information on dynamic data. When updating such data the
format will automatically indicate that other (earlier) data are available and that these are
stored in related databases.
The basic record identification will be the national I.D. number which is unique for each
waterpoint. Such I.D. may be supplemented by a local I.D. given by the individual
projects of contractors. The national I.D. includes a district and waterpoint type identification code and is given automatically upon data entry. This is to ensure a unique numbering
system when receiving data from a large number of different construction sites simultaneously.
All waterpoints are registered with indication of district, county, sub-county, parish,
village and waterpoint name as well as with grid coordinates. This is to facilitate data
extraction in accordance with administrative boundaries as well as area-wise extraction
following standard grid references. The grid references and map drawing .facilities have
been given particular attention in order to ensure an easy integration of the database with
possible future Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to be established under the auspices of DWD or otherwise.
It is envisaged that the groundwater database users broadly will fall into one of the
following three groups:
DWD Management as national resources administration authority
individual projects, agencies and contractors when planning construction of
new facilities, and
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district authorities as the local water resources authority and as representatives
for local waterpoint operation and maintenance organizations
The requirements of these individual users will obviously not always coincide and the
database therefore offers a high degree of flexibility and combination potential in data extraction. Data extraction possibilities will thus include area-wise extraction as well as crosssectional subject specific extraction.
1.3.3
System description
The database has been designed to include basically two different types of data, i.e.
waterpoint information and groundwater information. The waterpoint information includes
(1) identification and location data, (2) construction data and (3) pump installation data.
The groundwater information is given under another three headings; (4) geological and
hydrogeological data, (5) hydrochemical data and (6) yield test, flow and water level data.
Further to these six headings, a category (7) other information, has been included, which
may include e.g. information on ownership and users, etc.
The database is first and foremost intended as a groundwater database which also includes
the most frequently used installation data. It is envisaged that it will be operated and
maintained by professional staff at DWD head office and that a relatively uniform level
of quality control and data reliability thus can be ensured prior to entry in the database.
The database is designed to receive and store data, to be reported in a standard format,
from the individual implementation programmes and (at a later stage) from monitoring
activities carried out at decentralized (e.g. district) level. ^Another key point in the design
has been to ensure full compatibility and interaction with other planned DWD databases,
and to the extent possible, with external databases (e.g. census data).
1.3.4
Data collection format and reporting procedures
The data collection format is organized in the two major groups and seven sub-headings
given above. Data may be entered:
as one of several given options
as numeric and date format
as descriptive text
The use of codes has been avoided in order to minimize the risk of interpretational and
entry errors. Descriptive text is used to store e.g. geological descriptions in the original
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form without introducing any new elements of interpretation during a coding process prior
to date entry.
The data collection and reporting format is a clear text questionnaire designed for
professionals involved in groundwater development. The format covers all potential
groundwater sources, i.e. protected springs, dug wells and shallow and deep boreholes,
and closely follows the menu operated database software.
1.3.5
Database operation and maintenance
Data entry has been initiated as an additional activity aiming at reducing the present
backlog of data and developing the database up to a point where the database is fully updated and operational.
The database should eventually be established within the Water Resources Department in
Entebbe and thus share facilities with the already developed surface water database. The
office should be staffed with permanent staff qualified in database management and
hydrogeology as well as data entry operators.
An important aspect of data entry is quality control which must include not only a direct
check of data transformation and entry errors but also a qualified assessment of the data
value prior to entry. It has e.g. been noted that some chemical data are grossly incorrect
and the pre-entry assessment must therefore ensure that such data are omitted from the
database in order not to distort e.g. average calculations etc.
Quality control should be established at two levels; i) control of data transformation from
various original documents to new standard formats, including data quality assessment, and
ii) check of data entry errors and omissions. This quality control could be carried out by
a qualified senior hydrogeologist.
Database maintenance should be a continuous process based on mandatory reports
submitted by the individual implementors in the DWD prescribed database format. Such
reports should be carefully scrutinized by qualified professionals, and if necessary queries
requesting clarification addressed to the report submitter, before data entry.
1.4
Use of the groundwater database
The database is intended to accommodate the groundwater information needs of internal
DWD staff, as well as requests from external bodies. It is furthermore intended as a
corner-stone in a future groundwater management and monitoring system.
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Database users should be able to receive data in print-out as well as diskette formats, and
all data should be linked to specific grid coordinates in order for the users to combine such
data with other area characteristics and thereby develop a fully integrated geographical
information system.
The database must be operated and up-dated by DWD staff, only thereby ensuring a
consistent and correct database management. DWD must ensure that information is readily
obtainable upon request and within a reasonable time. If necessary, a fee to cover the
direct costs involved in such data submission could be charged.
1.5
Relations between the groundwater database and external databases
The DWD groundwater database is intended to be the first step in a phase which
eventually will constitute a DWD management information system. The groundwater
database will receive data from the various projects which are in operation in Uganda.
However, the present uncoordinated and inhomogeneous designs of individual project
databases prevent DWD from obtaining1 computerized exchange of uniform and
standardised data for water resources management purposes with most project databases.
Therefore, input to the proposed DWD groundwater database is paper based, using
predesigned forms (see Appendix 1.1).
1.5.1
External databases of interest
Three external databases have been identified as having data which may be of interest in
a groundwater resources management context. Therefore,, the possibilities for data
exchange with these databases have been assessed. The three databases are:
the climate (CLICOM) database at the Meteorological Department in Kampala
the surface water database (HYDATA) operated by the Water Resources
Department in Entebbe
the project database operated by Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning
1.5.2
Exchange of data with external databases
The Meteorological Department is using a PC software CLICOM, which is developed in
USA. The database reportedly contains information on monthly rainfall from some 150
stations scattered all over Uganda. According to the documentation the software is able to
exchange data in LOTUS 1-2-3 format, but due to hardware problems, this has not been
verified yet.
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The database operated by the Water Resources Department contains information on the
water levels, rating curves and discharges. Data is stored in the database system HYDATA, developed by Institute of Hydrology, Wallingford, UK. The database system
contains a number of facilities for data processing and quality assurance, which meet most
of the present requirements of the users; The facilities for data exchange from H YD AT A
to other systems are limited. However, a programme file already installed has been
identified and tested for applicability. It was demonstrated that this auxiliary programme
satisfies the basic requirements for data retrieval and export to other relevant database
formats.
The database operated by Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning is based on dBASE
and exchange of data on selected projects will be a standard routine. However, only the
financial part is computerized, whereas the project profiles are written in WordPerfect.
The DWD database will^be able to deliver any retrieved information in a number of
different formats. The built-in general query facilities will enable export of data from the
various files of the database in the following formats:
spreadsheet files (Quattro, Lotus 1-2-3 and DIF format)
database files (dBASE, Paradox)
ASCII files (comma separated).
The proposed groundwater database will thus be able to exchange information with
databases containing other relevant information.
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FORMS FOR GROUNDWATER DATABASE
APPENDIX 1.1
WATERPOINT INFORMATION
1.
IDENTIFICATION AND LOCATION DATA
Type of waterpoint; Borehole:
Identification;
Dug Well:
National I.D.No.
Project I.D.No.
Location; LONGITUDE/LATITUDE:
UTM:
Longitude E:
Latitude N/S:
UTM E:
UTM N/S:
District:
Parish:
County:
Village:
Waterpoint ownership;
Private:
Waterpoint use; Domestic:
Waterpoint abandoned;
2.
Protected Spring:
_, if UTM, ZONE Number:
Altitude:
Altitude:
Sub-County:
Waterpoint:
Institutional:
Communal:
Livestock.:
Industrial:
Water quality:
Technical:
Irrig.
Low yield:
CONSTRUCTION DATA
Date for completion of construction;
day/month/year:
Total depth of borehole/well at date of completion; m:
mm:
Borehole/well diameter;
From:
From:
From:
From:
mm:
mm:
mm:
mm:
Casing/well ring diameter;
Casing/well ring material; PVC:
Bricks:
To:
To:
To:
To:
Length (m):
Concrete:
Mild steel:
Other:
Bottom of casing/well lining ; (m b.g.1. :
Borehole sealing;
Cement:
None:
Filter slot size & intervals
Bentonite:
mm:
mm:
mm:
From:
From:
From:
To:
To:
To:
Development of borehole filters; Gravel pack:
Spring, Height x Width (m);
H:
Other:
Natural dev.
x
W:
No. of spring outlets :
3.
INSTALLATION DATA
Type of pump installation;
Submersible pump:
Handpump:
Bucket:
Date of pump installation;
day/month/year:
Name of pump:
Pump installation/intake depth:
Riser pipe material; Galvanized iron:
Riser pipe diameter:
mm
Pumping rod material; Galvanized iron:
Pumping rod diameter:
mm
Centrifugal pump:
, Pump capacity:
m 3 /n
m b.g.1.
Stainless steel:
Stainless steel:
PVC:
Wire:
OROUNDWATER INFORMATION
4.
GEOLOGICAL AND BYDROGEOLOGICAL DATA
m b.g.1. :
Depth to bedrock;
Overall geological sett ing;
To:
Lithology; From:
To:
(m b.g.1.) From:
From:
To:
From:
To:
From:
To:
From:
To:
:
Description:
Aquifer depth (top of aquifer), type and yield;
Overburden:
Depth (m b .g.l.):
Bedrock:
Depth (m b .g.1.):
5.
Yield m3/h:
Yield m3/h:
HYDRGCHEMICAL DATA
Date of sampling; day/month/year:
Sampling method;
Air-lift sampling:
Pumping:
None:
Sample preservation;
Acid:
Bucket:
Other:
For pump and air-lift samples; Discharge before sampling1 (liter):
UNIT
PARAMETER
.
Turbidity
Temp.(time of sampling)
Conductivity
FTU
°C
/jS/cm
pH
Tot. alkalinity (CaCO3)
mg/1
Hardness (CaCO3)
mg/1
2+
Calcium (Ca )
mg/1
Magnesium (Mg 2+ )
mg/1
Sodium (Na + )
mg/1
+
Potassium (K )
mg/1
Carbonate (CO 3 2 )
mg/1
Bicarbonate (HCO3')
mg/1
Sulphate (SO42')
mg/1
Chloride (Cl")
mg/1
Nitrate (NO 3 )
mg/1
Ammonium (NH 4 + )
Tot.
2+
mg/1
3+
Iron (Fe +Fe )
mg/1
Manganese (Mn 2+ )
mg/1
Fluoride (F*)
mg/1
Free Carbon dioxide (C02)
mg/1
Tot. dissolved solids
mg/1
Faecal coli
no/100ml
RESULT
DATE
FIELD/LAB
6.
YIELD TEST, FLOW AND WATER LEVEL DATA
Date of test; day/month/year:
Type of test;
Pump test:
Transmissivity:
m2/day
Duration of test:
Air-lift test:
Specific capacity. :
hrs.
Natural flow:
m3/h/m
m3/h
Discharge during testing:
Static water level (m b.g.l.):
, Date (day/month/year):
Other Static water level data? Y/N:
Hydrofracturing? Y/N:
if Y; day/month/year:
Other test pumping/yield data? Y/N:
7.
OTHER INFORMATION
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ANNEX 10
DWD GROUNDWATER DATABASE
SPECIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS
DWD Groundwater database
Specification of requirements
July, 1994
Uganda Water Action Plan
Directorate of Water Development
ANNEX 10
LIST OF CONTENTS
1
INTRODUCTION
1.1
1.2
1.3
2
3
1.1
1.2
1.2
Objectives
References
Reading guide
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
2.1
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.4
System description
The functions of the software
Limitations
Future for the software
User profile
Requirements to the development phase
Delivery
SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
3.1
3.2
3.3
4
1.1
3.1
Definitions
Reports
GIS capabilities
3.1
3.18
3.19
EXTERNAL INTERFACE REQUIREMENTS
4.1
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.1
4.1
4.1
User interface
Hardware interface
Software interface
5
REQUIREMENTS TO THE PERFORMANCE OF THE SOFTWARE
5.1
6
QUALITY FACTORS
6.1
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Annex 10
INTRODUCTION
Groundwater has played a significant role in domestic water supply in Uganda with
construction of tubewells commencing in the early part of this century and private drilling
contractors in operation as early as in the mid 1920s. Other drilling activities have been
undertaken by the Geological Survey and the Water Development Department (WDD) now
reorganized as the Directorate of Water Development (DWD). The total number of
boreholes is close to 14,000 of which almost all carry a more or less comprehensive of
record. There are furthermore in the order of 15-20,000 identified springs of which some
30% are protected, and an unknown number of dug wells for which records in general do
not exist.
Following the end of the civil war in 1986, borehole rehabilitation and construction
activities has again gained momentum with several large-scale programmes presently being
implemented. These programmes are almost invariably financed by international and bilateral donor agencies and NGOs. The degree of individual project coordination with DWD
varies from negligible to full integration as the DWD does not have sufficient staff and
other resources for coordinating all the groundwater development activities under the
different programmes. The DWD may furthermore not always be the contractor for these
programmes and the need for record keeping and data collection thus tends to be defined
by the individual programmes rather than by the DWD.
In order to facilitate efficient and appropriate groundwater resources management by the
DWD, it has been decided to prepare a design for a national groundwater databank. It
should be realized that such a databank will emphasize groundwater availability and quality
rather than detailed technical data on individual installations. A reasonable amount of
technical data for waterpoint installations have been included though, and it is believed that
this database, in addition to detailed information on the groundwater situation, may also
serve most of the requirements for information about technical installations at. individual
groundwater abstraction points (boreholes, dug wells and protected springs).
The databank is intended to be one of a larger number of databases on water resources,
water supply facilities, construction work, cost and monitoring etc. which eventually
should constitute a DWD management information system. The proposed databank will
thus fulfil the DWD requirements for groundwater information but may be supplemented
by individual project databases as and when these feel a need for it. It should furthermore
be mandatory for future implementation programmes or contractors of boreholes, dug
wells and protected springs to submit groundwater data to the DWD following the
proposed database format.
1.1
Objectives
The purpose of developing a national groundwater database is to provide a tool for storage,
analyze and presentation of groundwater data. The system must provide means of quality
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Annex 10
control/quality assurance of the data being entered into the system. The system should be
capable of functioning as well as a tool in the daily work as a system for creating
overviews.
1.2
References
III
UGANDA WATER ACTION PLAN, Water resources and management, PHASE
II, Inception report, December 1993.
1.3
Reading guide
The description of the specifications of requirements is organized such a way that chapter
2 contains an overall system design and a general description of the functions, the system
is supposed to execute. Furthermore, the limitations of the system is stated here.
Chapter 3 contains a more thorough description of the elements which are supposed to be
:
covered by the system.
Chapter 4 describes the external framework to other existing and future systems, which
will exchange information with the groundwater database.
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GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The DWD groundwater database is going to contain various types of information on the
Uganda groundwater. The information will come from various sources, i.e.:
DWD itself,
the main drilling operators such as RUWASA, Unicef/SWIP, Water Aid
etc.
Department of Hydrology, Entebbe, under DWD
Meteorological Department in Kampala
Census Department
The groundwater database should be capable of handling data on:
boreholes
dug wells
protected springs
The information of each individual point should cover:
Identification and location data
Construction data
Installation data
Geological and hydrogeological data
Hydrochemical data
Yield test, flow and water level data
Other information (textual description)
The system developers are aware of the fact that not all of this information will be
available, and the system should accept partial input. However, as the system later on
should be capable of presenting information on maps, the location of the points is crucial.
Therefore it has been decided, that the coordinates to the point must be given, at least to
the village/enumeration area level. Coordinates should be given either as latitude/longitude
or as UTM (in zone 35/36).
2.1
System description
The DWD groundwater database shall serve two purposes, namely:
Systematize the data on groundwater from various sources in Uganda and
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Directorate of Water Development
Provide information
resource.
on the quantity and quality of the groundwater
The information will come from various sources, each using their own systems for data
storage. It is anticipated, that DWD will receive data from the drilling operators in form
of schemes, filled out with the required information. These schemes will be considered as
being the original input to the system.
The overview of the system will look like this:
Data input
schemes
Water level time series
I
DWD
groundwater
database
Meteorological data
(precipitation)
Standard
reporting
User specified
reporting
i
•
I
Data files
Data files
I
Tables &
graphs
Export to
spreadsheet,
word processing,
GIS etc.
2.2
Tables &
Graphs
Export to
spreadsheet,
word processing,
GIS etc.
The functions of the software
The software should be able to handle input being entered manually into the database.
There should exist possibilities of printing reports to screen/printer or to a file. The should
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Directorate of Water Development
be facilities for exporting data to common standard software, e.g. spreadsheets, database
standards and to comma separated ASCII files. The software should be capable of
exporting relevant information to a GIS system. The system should be menu driven. The
dialogue should be in English.
2.3
Limitations
The system will be developed to be executed on IBM PC or compatibles. Since DWD at
present has no network facilities, the system will act as a standalone application to the
users. However, facilities for concurrent updating of the databases should be built in to
secure future demands.
The system will be dependant of the available information from the data deliverers. If the
system is not updated on a regular basis, or if the quality assurance of the input, the
system will not be able to give useful information.
2.4
Future for the software
The DWD groundwater database is meant to be the very first step in creating an
information management system for groundwater data. As mentioned above, this part of
the system will cover information on the points (boreholes, dug wells and protected
springs) and - if available - on the hydrochemical quality of the water.
It is the intension that the system at - a later stage - will be extended with new facilities,
such as cost calculations, drilling production rates, project information etc.
2.5
User profile
The-users of the system will primarily be the technical staff at DWD and - to some extent
- also the management of DWD. The users are assumed to have a basic knowledge to
computers.
2.6
Requirements to the development phase
The DWD groundwater database will be developed in a prototype version. This version
will form the basis for the resulting database, which will be finished during the WAP
Phase II project. The prototype serves several purposes, i.e.
to verify the extent and structure of the database
to demonstrate and validate the functionality of the database
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The prototype is developed in Paradox 4.5, UK version, but it has not yet been decided
whether the resulting system will be developed using this or other standard database
software.
The DWD will provide a limited number of old borehole files, converted into a paper
format, which fits the input requirements of the prototype. All necessary conversions to
the units used by the new system must have been performed prior to entering data into the
database. This conversion will form part of the quality assurance system, which must be
established.
2.7
Delivery
The system will be handed over to DWD in form of the specified database files, the basic
location file based on the CENSUS database (names and numbers for districts, counties,
subcounties and parishes). Furthermore, the source code of the software will be delivered.
The system will be delivered with a user's manual.
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3
SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
3.1
Definitions
The database will be built as a relational database, keeping information separated in
individual files divided after their contents. The individual files will be linked together,
using common fields.
Some of the database files are used as LookUpTables which means, that user input is
checked against the contents of a file. If the input does not conform with the possible
choices, the user will be notified and asked to reenter the input. Another possibility is to
press [Fl] and use the arrow keys to select among the possible choices, followed by a [F2]
keypress. This will transfer the selected information to the database field in question. In
the screen images, the fields with table lookup are marked with [Fl]. The LookUpTables
are marked with an * in the overview below.
The overview of the database will be as shown below:
RODMAT
(2) *
PIPEMAT
(3) •
I
A
I
A
I
INSTPUMP
(4) *
i
A
TESTTYPE
(21) *
LOCTABLE
(5) *
A
1
BOREFILT
(6) *
A
I
GR WATER
(1)
HAIN DATABASE
POINTYPE
(7) *
i
A
I
SEALTYPE
(8) *
i
A
1
AQUITYPE
(10)*
1
BORED I AM
(13)
FILTSLOT
(14)
YIELDTST
(15)
GEOLOGY
(16)
HYDROGEO
(17)
INSTMAT
(9) *
GEOSET
(22) *
1
A
I
i
A
1
SAMPMETH
(11)*
SAHPPRES
(12)*
1
HYDRCHE
(18)
i
A
1
HYDRDATA
(19)
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••
PARLIST
(20)*
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List of database files:
1)
GR_WATER:
Main database file, containing one record per borehole/dug
well/protected spring. The description includes:
IDENTIFICATION AND LOCATION
DATA,
CONSTRUCTION DATA,
INSTALLATION DATA,
p a r t of G E O L O G I C A L A N D
HYDROGEOLOGICAL DATA,
OTHER INFORMATION.
2)
RODMAT:
List of accepted pumping rod materials. This table is a
LookupTable used by GR_WATER(InstalIation data).
3)
PIPEMAT:
List of accepted riser pipe materials. This table is a LookupTable used by GR_WATER(Installation data).
4)
INSTPUMP:
List of pump types. This table is a LookupTable used by
GR_WATER(InstaIlation data).
5)
LOCTABLE
List of locations in Uganda. The list contains a unique number
for each location and - form each location - the name of
DISTRICT, COUNTY, SUBCOUNTY,
PARISH and
ENUMERATION AREA.
6)
BOREFILT:
Information on borehole filter development. This table is a
LookupTable used by GR WATERtfnstallation data).
7)
POINTYPE:
List of accepted point types. This table is a LookupTable used
by GR_WATER(Identification and location data).
8)
SEALTYPE
List of accepted borehole sealing types. This table is a
LookupTable used by GR_WATER(Installation data).
9)
INSTMAT:
List of accepted casing/well materials. This table is a
LookupTable used by GR_WATER(InstaIlation data).
10)
AQUITYPE
List of accepted aquifer types. This table is a LookupTable
used by HYDROGEO.
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11)
SAMPMETH
List of accepted sampling methods for hydrochemical data. This
table is a LookupTable used by HYDROCHEM.
12)
SAMPPRES:
List of accepted sample preservation methods. This table is a
LookupTable used by HYDROCHEM.
13)
BOREDIAM:
File with borehole/well diameters in different depth intervals.
The records in this file are related to records in GR_WATER
by NationaldNo. and SerialNo. The relation between
GRWATER and BOREDIAM is a one-to-many relation.
14)
FILTSLOT:
File with filter slot sizes and diameters in different depth
intervals. The records in this file are related to records in
GRWATER by NationaldNo. and SerialNo. The relation
between GR_WATER and FILTSLOT is a one-to-many
relation.
15)
YIELDTST:
File with yield test, flow and water level data. The records in
this file are related to records in GR_WATER by NationaldNo.
and SerialNo. The relation between GR_WATER and
YIELDTST is a one-to-many relation.
16)
GEOLOGY:
File with geological description of the location. The records in
this file are related to records in GR_WATER by NationaldNo.
and SerialNo. The relation between GR_WATER and
GEOLOGY is a one-to-many relation.
17)
HYDROGEO:
File with aquifer type, yield and depth. The records in this file
are related to records in GR_WATER by NationaldNo. and
SerialNo. The relation between GR_WATER and HYDROGEO
is a one-to-many relation.
18)
HYDRCHEM:
File with hydrochemical sample information. The records in this
file are related to records in GR_WATER by NationaldNo. and
SerialNo. The relation between GR_WATER and HYDRCHEM
is a one-to-many relation.
19)
HYDRDATA:
File with results of hydrochemical analyse of groundwater. The
records in this file are related to records in GRWATER by
NationaldNo. and SerialNo. The relation between
HYDRCHEM and HYDRDATA is a one-to-many relation.
20)
PARLIST:
List of parameters and units, used to describe the hydrochemical
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Annex 10
analyses. This table is a LookupTable used by HYDRDATA.
21)
TESTTYPE:
List of accepted testtypes for yield test. This table is a
LookupTable used by YIELDTST.
22)
GEOSET:
List of types of overall geological settings. This table is a
LookupTable used by GR_WATER.
3.1.1.
Identification of boreholes, dug wells and protected springs.
Today, no standardized way of giving a location a unique number exists. The various
donor organizations and drilling operators keep their own numbering systems. Therefore,
a national groundwater database should be able to assign one single and unique
identification of each individual location. As the Census Department operates a number
system, covering DISTRICT, COUNTY, SUBCOUNTY, PARISH and ENUMERATION
AREA, this should be used as a basis for the new numbering system. Within each of these
units, a single serial number should be used to identify the location.
The proposed unique identification code should be as follows:
D D C S P P
D
C
S
P
s s s s
: District code
: County code
: Subcounty code
: Parish code
<*>
s : Serial No.
On basis of the Census data files, a database covering all locations in Uganda should be
formed. When assigning a number to a location for a borehole, a dug well or a protected
spring, only location numbers, which are found in this database should be accepted. All
necessary location names will be found in this database and therefore, they will not have
to be stored within the groundwater database.
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The structure of the location database will be as shown below:
Field Name
Field Type
Description
Number
N*
Dname
Ccname
Ssname
Pname
Village
A25
A25
A25
A25
A50
Dcode
Ccode
Scode
Pcode
Enum
S
S
S
S
S
National
IDNo.
District Name
County Name
SubCounty Name
Parish Name
E n u m e r a t ion
area Name
District code
County code
Subcounty code
Parish code
Enumeration
area code
3.1.2. Identification and location data
The database should be able to store the following data items on identification and
location. It will be necessary to be able to store the coordinates in two ways, namely as
UTM-coordinates and as longitude/latitude. The UTM coordinates requires a zone number
as well, as Uganda covers two UTM zones, zone 35 and 36.
The screen image shown below contains the required information but will not necessarily
be the final edition.
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Directorate of Water Development
Type of waterpoint;
Borehole:
Identification;
Location;
Dug Well:
Project I.D.No.
National I.D.No.
Grid E:
District:
Parish:
Waterpoint ownership;
Waterpoint use;
Waterpoint abandoned;
Grid N/S:
County:
Altitude:
, Sub-County:
Village:
, Waterpoint:
Private:
Domestic:
Protected Spring:
Communal:
, Irrig.:
Low yield:
, Livestock.:
, Water quality:
Institutional:
Industrial:
, Technical:
3.1.3. Construction data
It is necessary to keep information on the construction of the borehole / dug, well or
protected spring. This will comprise DATE FOR COMPLETION, TOTAL DEPTH,
DIAMETERS OF THE BOREHOLE, SEALING MATERIAL, FILTER SLOT SIZES etc.
as shown below.
/
The screen image shown below contains the required information but will not necessarily
be the final edition.
The number of choices as regards Borehole Sealing Material should be limited by a table
lookup facility.
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Directorate of Water Development
day 'month/year:
Date for completion of construction;
Total depth of borehole/well atdate of completion; m:
Borehole/well diameter;
From:
To:
mm:
From:
To:
mm:
From:
To:
mm:
From:
To:
mm:
Casing/well ring diameter;
Bottom of casing/well lining;
Borehole sealing;
mm:
(mb.g.l.):
None:
Filter slot size & intervals;
Cement:
Bentonite:
Other:
mm:
From:
To:
mm:
From:
To:
mm:
From:
To:
Gravel pack:
Development of borehole filters;
Spring, Height x Width (m);
Length (m)
H:
Natural dev.
x W:
No. of spring outlets :
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Directorate of Water Development
3.1.4. Installation data
Various data on the installation of Casing/pumps etc. should be stored in the database, as
shown below.
Any input to the fields CASING/WELL RING MATERIAL, TYPE OF PUMP, RISER
PIPE MATERIAL and PUMPING ROD MATERIAL should checked against a table
lookup to assure uniform contents of the fields.
PVC:
Casing/well ring material;
Mild steel:
Bricks:
Handpump:
Date of pump installation;
m3/h
m b.g.I.
Riser pipe material;
<Galvanized iron:
Stainless steel:
PVC:
fa
mm
Pumping rod material;
Annex Report - Volume 2
Bucket:
Pump capacity:
Pump installation/intake depth:
Pumping rod diameter:
Centrifugal pump:
day/month/year:
Name of pump:
Riser pipe diameter:
Other:
Submersible pump:
Type of pump installation;
Concrete:
Galvanized iron:
Stainless steel:
Wire:
mm
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3.1.5. Geological and hydrogeological data
This part of the database should contain information on the geological and hydrogeological
conditions at the location. The field OVERALL GEOLOGICAL SETTING should contain
a short description in words. No checks of the contents should be performed.
A number of records should be available to describe the lithology in various depth
intervals.
In the hydrogeological part, the database should contain information on overburden (in
which depth is it found) and depths and yields of possible fractures.
Depth to bedrock;
m b.g.l.:.
Overall geological setting;
Lithology;
(m b.g.l.)
From:
To:
From:
To:
From:
To:
From:
To:
Description:
Aquifer type, yield and depth (top of aquifer);
Depth (m .b.g.l.):
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Fracture:_ Overburden:_ Yield m3/h:
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3.1.6. Hydrochemical data
The storage of hydrochemical data is important, though water analyses are not part of the
standard programme in several of the donor programmes. It should be possible to store an
unlimited number of chemical analyses to each location. The parameters should not be
limited to a predefined selection, as the parameters of interest changes according to the
geological conditions.
Below is shown a preliminary screen image of the hydrochemical part of the database. The
parameters shown are only meant as examples. The parameters being entered by the
dataentry-operators should be checked against a lookup table to assure uniform input.
Date of sampling; day/month/year:
Sampling method:
PumDine:
Turbidity
Temp, (time of sampling)
Conductivity
pH
UNIT
RESULT
DATE
HELD/LAB
FTU
°C
nS/cm
—
Tot. alkalinity (CaCO,)
mg/1
Hardness (CaCO,)
mg/1
Calcium (Ca 2 + )
mg/1
Magnesium (Mg 2 + )
mg/1
Sodium (Na + )
mg/1
Potassium (K + )
mg/1
Carbonate (CO,2")
mg/1
Bicarbonate (HCCV)
mg/1
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Bucket:
Discharge before sampli ng (liter):
For pump and air-lift samples;
PARAMETER
Air-lift sampling:
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Directorate of Water Development
Sulphate (SO42')
mg/1
Chloride (Cl")
mg/1
Nitrate (NOO
mg/1
Ammonium (NH 4 + )
mg/1
Tot. Iron (Fe 2 + +Fe 3 + )
mg/1
2+
Manganese (Mn )
mg/1
Fluoride (F")
mg/1
Free Carbon dioxide (CO?)
mg/1
Tot. dissolved solids
mg/1
Faecal coli
no/100ml
Other chemical data?
Y/N:
3.1.7. Yield test, flow and water level data
As described in the part on the hydrochemical part (3.1.6) it should be possible to store
an unlimited number of yield test data to each location.
Date of test; day/month/year:
Type of test;
Transmissivity:
Duration of test:
Pump test:
2
m /24h
Specific capacity.:
Natural flow:
m3/h/m
m3/h
Discharge during testing:
Static water level (m b.g.l.):
Other Static water level data? Y/N:
Hydrofracturing? Y/N:
Air-lift test:
hrs.
Date (day/month/year):
if Y; day/month/year:
Other test pumping/yield data? Y/N:
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3.1.8. Other information
This part of the database is left open for any input relevant to the location. Here, any
special circumstances may be described in plain text. No checks on the contents will be
performed.
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3.1.9
Database file structures.
Structure for the main database (GR_WATER)
Field Name
Field Type
Id_national
SerialNo.
Waterpoint
Id_project
WaterpointType
GridType
N*
S*
A20
A10
A16
Al
UTMZone
GridEast
GridNS
Longitude
Latitude
N/S
Altitude
PrivateOwnership
CommunalOwnership
InstitutionOwnership
Domestic use
Irrigation
Livestock
Industrial
AbandonLowYield
AbandonQua1ity
AbandonTechnical
S
N
N
A8
A8
Al
N
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
Al
CompletionDate
TotalDepth
CasingWellRingDiameter
CasingWellRingLength
BottomCasingWellLining
BoreholeSealing
BoreholeFilters
SpringHeight
SpringWidth
NoOfSpringOutlets
RingMaterial
PumpType
DateOfPumpInstallation
NameOfPump
PumpCapacity
IntakeDepth
PipeMaterial
PipeDiameter
RodMaterial
D
N
N
N
N
A16
A16
N
N
S
A16
A16
D
A2 0
N
N
A16
N
A16
Annex Report - Volume 2
Identification of location
Borehole number
Name of waterpoint
Local identification
Type of waterpoint
UTM
or
Geographic
coordinates
Zone no. (36 is default)
UTM-East
UTM-North
Longitude (DD.MM.SS)
Latitude (DD.MM.SS)
N)orth or S)outh
Altitude in meters
Ownership
Waterpoint use
Abandoned due to low yield
Abandoned due to quality
Abandoned due to Technical
problems
Day of completion
Total depth
Riser pipe material
Riser pipe diameter
Pumping rod material
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Annex 10
RodDiameter
DepthToBedrock
OverallGeologicalSetting
Otherlnformation
N
N
A25
M24.0
Pumping rod diameter
Structure for Borehole diameters (BOREDIAM)
Field Name
Field Type
Id_national
SerialNo.
From
To
Diameter
N*
S*
N*
N
N
Identification
Depth from
Depth to
Diameter in mm.
Structure for information on Filter slot sizes (FILTSLOT)
Field Name
Id_national
SerialNo.
From
To
Diameter
.
Field Type
N*
S*
N*
N
N
Identification
Depth from
Depth to
Diameter in mm.
Structure for information on Yield test (YIELDTST)
Field Name
Field Type
Id national
SerialNo.
DateOfTest
Duration
TestType
Transmissivity
SpecificCapacity
DischargeDuringTesting
StaticWaterLevel
StaticWaterLevelDate
Hydrofracturing
HydrofracturingDate
N*
S*
D*
S
A15
h
N
N
N
N
D
Al
D
Structure for information on Geology (GEOLOGY)
Field Name
Field Type
Idjnational
N*
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SerialNo.
LithologyFrom
LithologyTo
Description
S*
N*
N
A50
Depth from
Depth to
Description
(free text)
Structure for information on Hydrogeology
Field Name
Field Type
Id_national
SerialNo.
Depth
Type
Yield
N*
S*
N*
A10
N
of
lithology
(HYDROGEO)
Fracture/Overburden
Yield in m3/h
Structure for information on Hydrochemical samples (HYDRCHEM)
Field Name
Field Type
Id_national
SerialNo.
DateOfSampling
SamplingMethod
SamplePreservation
DischargeVolume
N*
S*
D*
A2 0
A5
S
Structure for information on Hydrochemical data (HYDRDATA)
Field Name
Field Type
Id_national
SerialNo.
DateOfSampling
Parameter
Attribute
Result
Field/Lab
Date
N*
S*
D*
A30*
Al
N
Al
D
Structure
(INSTMAT)
for information
From PARLIST
Measurement or analysis
laboratory
Date
of
analysis
on Casing/well
Field Name
Field Type
RingMaterial
A16*
Annex Report - Volume 2
ring
materials
WAP Doc. Oil/Final
Uganda Water Action Plan
page3.i6
Directorate of Water Development
Annex 10
Structure for information on Pumptypes (INSTPUMP)
Field Name
Field Type
PumpType
A16*
*
Structure for information on Parameters (PARLIST)
Field Name
Field Type
Parameter
Unit
A30*
A10
Structure for information on Riser pipe materials (PIPEMAT)
Field Name
Field Type
RiserPipeMaterial
A16*
Structure for information on Pointtypes (POINTYPE)
Field Name
Field Type
PointType
A16*
Structure for information on Pumping rod materials (RODMAT)
Field Name
Field Type
PumpingRodMaterial
A16*
*>
Structure for information on Sampling methods (SAMPMETH)
Field Name
Field Type
SamplingMethod
A20*
Structure for information on Sample preservation (SAMPPRES)
Field Name
Field Type
SamplePreservationMethod
A5*
Annex Report - Volume 2
"
WAP Doc. Oil/Final
Uganda Water Action Plan
• ? 17
Directorate o f Water Development
.>••:::-. JO
Structure for information on Sealing methods (SEALTYPE)
Field Name
Field Type
SealingMaterial
A16*
Structure for information on yield test types (TESTTYPE)
Field Name
Field Type
Testtype
A15*
Structure
(GEOSET)
for
information
on
Overall
Field Name
Field Type
OverallGeologicalSetting
A50*
3.2
geological
settings
Reports
The system should be prepared with some standard reports. It has not yet r.-.^n : " n ; . '
which types, but the following types have been discussed:
1)
Report on a single waterpoint, giving the available information. Thir.
should include:
Location and identification data
Installation data
Construction data
Geological data
Hydrogeological data and
Hydrochemical data
2)
Reports on district level such as:
Information on the waterpoints (type, location, name etc.)
Information on yield test data from all waterpoints within a district.
Annex Report - Volume 2
Uganda Water Action Plan
page3.i3
Directorate of Water Development
Annex K.
3.3
GIS capabilities
To strengthen the overview of data it has been decided to implement a Geographic
Information System (GIS) and link it to the database via files. It has not yet been decided
which system to use, but it must be able to be executed in the same hardware environment
as the groundwater database. The system should be able to show locations of the
waterpoints on a Uganda Map and it should be possible to "click" on a waterpoint and get
detailed information on screen. The system should be able to print out maps on ordinary
printertypes.
Annex Report - Volume 2
WAP Doc. Oil/Final
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Directorate of Water Development
4
EXTERNAL INTERFACE REQUIREMENTS
4.1
User interface
p e4.i
ag
Annex 10
The user interface should bee based on a menu driven approach. Wherever possible, the
input should be controlled against predefined tables. This will assure a more systematic
contents of the data fields.
4.2
Hardware interface
The system should be able to run on IBM PC's or true compatibles. The possible future
introduction of a network in DWD should be taken into consideration by the system
developers.
4.3
Software interface
For thee time being, no data on groundwater are "computerized" within DWD. Up to now,
all files are kept in a paperbased database. However, a number of the drilling operators
are maintaining databases to some extent. The exchange of information from these
databases should be taken into consideration.
Annex Report - Volume 2
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Directorate of Water Development
5
Page 5.1
Annex 10
REQUIREMENTS TO THE PERFORMANCE OF THE SOFTWARE
There are no specific requirements to the performance of the software as regards response
time at queries. Response times at retrieving individual records in the database shou. J be
"reasonable".
Annex Report - Volume 2
WAP Doc. Oil/Final
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pa 6.i
ge
Annex 10
Directorate of Water Development
6
QUALITY FACTORS
Quality factors:
1:
2:
3:
4:
5:
Not critical
Not so critical
Important
Very important
Most important
Reliability:
5
The probability of having the system running for a given period without errors?
Maintenance:
3
How long time does it take to find and correct errors?
Possibility of expansion:
5
How easy is it to expand the system with new features?
User friendliness:
5
How easy is it to get acquainted with the system for users without much computer
experience?
Reusability:
2
How much of the application is reusable for other purposes?
Integrity:
5
The ability of the application to protect its data.
Efficiency:
3
How fast is the system able to retrieve required information?
Annex Report - Volume 2
WAP Doc. 011/Final
ANNEX 11
DWD GROUNDWATER DATABASE
USER'S MANUAL
DWD
Groundwater database
User's manual
April/July 1994
Table of contents
1.Introduction and objective
1
2. System description
3
3. How to start the program
7
4. Viewing and editing data
9
5. Exporting data
33
6. Reports
39
7. GIS
41
8. Options
44
9. Quit
48
Annex A: Questions and Answers
49
Uganda Water Action Plan
Directorate of Water Development
page i
Annex 11
1. Introduction and objective
Groundwater has played a significant role in domestic water
supply in Uganda with construction of tubewells commencing in
the early part of this century and /private drilling contractors in operation as early as in the mid 1920s. Other drilling activities have been undertaken by the Geological Survey
and the Water Development Department (WDD) now reorganized as
the Directorate of Water Development (DWD). The total number
of boreholes is close to 14,000 of which almost all carry a
more or less comprehensive of record. There are furthermore
in the order of 15-20,000 identified springs of which some
30% are protected, and an unknown number of dug wells for
which records in general do not exist.
Following the end of the civil war in 1986, borehole rehabilitation and construction activities has again gained
momentum with several large-scale programmes presently being
implemented. These programmes are almost invariably financed
by international and bi-lateral donor agencies and NGOs. The
degree of individual project coordination with DWD varies
from negligible to full integration as the DWD does not have
sufficient staff and other resources for coordinating all the
groundwater development activities under the different programmes. The DWD may furthermore not always be the contractor
for these programmes and the need for record keeping and data
collection thus tends to be defined by the individual7programmes rather than by the DWD.
In order /to facilitate efficient and appropriate groundwater
resources management by the DWD, it has be'en decided to prepare a design for a national groundwater databank. It should
be realized that such a databank will emphasize groundwater
availability and quality rather/ than detailed technical data
on individual installations. A reasonable amount of technical
data for waterpoint installations have been included though,
and it is believed that this database, in addition to
detailed information on the groundwater situation, may also
serve most of the requirements for information about technical installations at individual groundwater abstraction
points (boreholes, dug wells and protected springs).
The databank is intended to be one of a larger number of
databases on water resources, water supply facilities, construction work, cost and monitoring etc. which eventually
should constitute a DWD management information system. The
proposed databank will thus fulfil the DWD requirements for
groundwater information but may be supplemented by individual
project databases as and when these feel a need for it. It
should furthermore be mandatory for future implementation
programmes or contractors of boreholes, dug wells and protec-
Annex Report - Volume 2
WAP Doc. 01 I/Final
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Directorate of Water Development
Page 2
Annex 11
ted springs to submit groundwater data to the DWD following
the proposed database format.
The purpose of developing a national groundwater database is
to provide a tool for storage, analyze and presentation of
groundwater data. The system provides means of quality control/quality assurance of the data being entered into the
system. The system should be capable of functioning as well
as a tool in the daily work as a system for creating overviews .
The developers are aware that there is an ongoing development
of "turnkey", groundwater database systems. However, since
none of those which were assessed during January and February
1994 were able to store the required information, it was
decided to develop this system. It was found that it was
important to begin the process of storing the vast amounts of
waterpoint information in this phase.
If a standard system at a later stage proves to fulfil the
requirements, it should be considered to convert the data to
such a system. This will - of course - facilitate the maintenance of the database system.
Annex Report - Volume 2
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Annex 11
Directorate of Water Development
2. System description
The overall design has been outlined below:
Data input
schemes
Water level time series
DW D
groundwater
database
Meteorological data
(precipitation)
Standard
reporting
User specified
reporting
i
T
1
Data files
Data files
Tables &
graphs
Tables &
Graphs
Export to
spreadsheet,
word prbcessing,
GIS etc.
Figure l.
Export to
spreadsheet,
word processing
GIS etc.
System diagram
With pre-defined reports in the form of tables,
plots and data files DWD may be used for reporting.
The users may carry out this form of reporting
without extensive knowledge of Paradox and the
other software types used. The reporting takes
place solely by indication in menus and dialogue
boxes, and by entering statements of periods,
etc.
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Directorate of Water Development
Page 4
Annex 11
The "optional data base" and the "user controlled reporting" must, however, cover all the
special treatment carried out in connection with
the daily work. Data may be extracted in a
format which may be imported by standard-software or which may be processed further in
Paradox.
Menu guidanc*
The user interface has been adapted to modern
standards and is based on the CUA standard. The
data base is operated by means of menus and
dialogue boxes. The program may be operated by
both keyboard and mouse. The individual choices'
are made by pointing and thereupon pressing
Enter, or by clicking the mouse on the required
choice.
The menus are all based on pull-down-menus in
which the possible choices are listed.
The general screen has been divided into three
parts. In the top line the possible overall
choices are listed, also calledthe,main menu.
When a choice is made in the main menu, either a
sub-menu will appear in the form of a pull-down
menu with new menu points or a function will be
carried out.
In the bottom line additional comments on the
current choice appear, highlighted on the main
menu or the sub-menus.
The remaining intermediate 23 lines, 2-24, are
used as work area, i.e. in this area input diagrams , reports, etc., are shown.
Dialogue boxes
In many places the operation is based on the use
of so-called dialogic boxes where the user in a
box on the screen must make a choice or enter a
value or a name. After the pointing out or entering the choice must be confirmed. This is
done by pointing at an OK-key and pressing Enter. The alternative is to regret the choice by
activating an Exit-key.
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Annex 11
Directorate of Water Development
If a mouse is used, the required selection must
be chosen by a "click11 on the mouse and then on
either the OK-key or the Exit-key.
JData_irI.mRort
Export
Report
Graphics
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(•) Printer
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-
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Example of a dialogue box.
In figure 3 an example of a dialogue box is
shown. In this example the user is asked to
state the printer medium" to be used: the screen,
the printer or transport to a file. If a mouse
is used, a click roust be made opposite the
medium by which the print-out is to take place,
and thereupon the OK key must be clicked. If the
keyboard is used, the dot • is moved about by
means of the up-arrow key and the down-arrow
key, and subsequently the Tab-key to highlight
one of the keys: OK or Exit and thereupon the
Return key. It is also possible to press the Alt
key + initial letter, in this case e.g. <alt>+o
or <alt>+A.
If the OK is selected, a new choice of print
medium has been made; if Exit is chosen, the
print medium is the same as when the dialogue
box was fetched.
Presentation of data
In order to get as much information as possible
from the data base some standard reports have
been built in, which makes it possible very
Annex Report - Volume 2
WAP Doc. Oil/Final
Uganda Water Action Plan
Directorate of Water Development
Page 6
Annex 11
quickly to carry out some standard reporting of
data. Documentation is available both in the
form of tables and as graphical presentation.
search routine
As mentioned above DWD has a number of built-in
standard tools to illustrate the condition of
the groundwater. However, it may at times be
necessary to carry out special analyses of data
and groups of data, into which it is not immediately possible to build routines in the software. Therefore it is made possible to carry out
optional searches in the data base, i.e. the
user may connect the individual registers as he
wishes, set up concrete search criteria, point
out specific data, etc. In this way the user of
DWD can always find data which are of interest
at a given time.
Exchange of data
Data which in this way have been chosen in the
data base are shown in a table on the screen.
The table may immediately be inspected, and data
may also be exported to other software where a
special processing of data may take place, e.g.
statistical analysis.
Protection of data
The operation of the data base has been organized in a way so that some users are allowed to
enter, edit and delete parts of the data
material, whereas other users may only inspect
data and print out reports, etc.
Annex Report - Volume 2
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Uganda Water Action Plan
Page 7
Annex 11
Directorate of Vater Development
3. How to start the program
The DWD program may be started by means of PARADOX 4.5 UK version by executing the script of
DWD.SC.
It is advisable to install a menu choice in the
upstart menu of each individual user which sees
to it that the user is guided correctly into
DWD.
View Ask
Report Create Modify Image Forms Tools Scripts Exit
•M IMIWIim<HiMI(U«lSll!intllil!lllHllSNl!M»Ml!
•ti.'^utn*..:..
•::. .. • • : •
111
DUD
version 1.0
Groundwater database
DUD/Danida
,..*.
Specify UserID
Password
>•••
•
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. .;
•
••• . . .
: TCA
:
• • » • •;;•• V • •%
r
,;
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,*
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jj«(>iiji(iiiiii ..).tt.ltimiil.iml!m.iStimtm.iiiiiMtiiiS..mtt.i
[[ DWD 1.0
0
Figure 3
I
Display shown when DWD is activated.
Initials and password must be entered before the data base can be operated .
When the program has been called, DWD's start up
display (figure 4) is shown, where user-id and
password must be entered in order to get access
to the data base. When this user information has
been entered, some rights are assigned to the
user in a way so that some users are allowed to
carry out all functions in the data base, whereas others are prevented from making changes in
the basic data material and are therefore only
allowed to inspect, search and extract data.
Assignment of rights is described in section 11.
On the display (figure 4) the user-id, e.g. TCA,
is entered and subsequently the personal password. If correctly corresponding initials and
Annex Report - Volume 2
WAP Doc. Oil/Final
Uganda Water Action Plan
Directorate of Water Development
page 8
Annex 11
password are entered, DWD's main menu is shown.
If incorrect initials or password are inserted,
2 more attempts are granted, before the program
is interrupted. Please note that the program
distinguishes between capital and small letters
in the login procedure.
If a non-registered user wishes to use DWD, it
is necessary to ask a registered user to be
added to the system as a new user. (See section
8, add user and assign rights).
Annex Report - Volume 2
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Page 9
Annex-11
Directorate of Water Development
4. Viewing and editing data
In DWD, data are edited/viewed in specific data
entry schemes for defined for each of the database files.
In the DATA menu, data are divided into two
different groups, divided by a separator line.
The main database, which holds the majority of
the data input is found above the separator
line, whereas all tables, which are used as
lookup tables are located below this line. The
contents of these files are normally not subject
to changes, however they may be modified by
users with such rights.
In the sections 4.1 to 4.6, you will find a
general description of how data are added/edited
or removed. After this, a description of each of
the database files is given.
Data Export Report G1S Options Quit
Ground water database
„
„ „ , i ltl ,i i
M,(,
tn i. i „„„;„;;;„„„;.,;„ ,;,„;,..
•I
Siting Methods
Dri11 ing methods
Uaterpoint type
Pump type
Ring material
Pipe material
Rod material
Filter development
Parameter l i s t
Sampling methods
Preservation methods
Aquifer types
Geological settings
Location table
Organisations
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-
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. . , , .
information on each of the waterpoints
Figure 4
The DATA curtain.
If you choose Data on the main menu, a curtain
is shown, where you can choose the type of data,
which should be modified/viewed etc.
If you want to edit or add data to the central
groundwater database (GR_WATER), Identification
and location data are chosen. Now, a screen
image will appear on screen (fig. 6 ) , showing
the first part of the information on a watar
point. The screen is divided into two levels,
which in this example gives the data from the
Annex Report - Volume 2
WAP Doc. Oil/Final
v
Uganda Water Action Plan
Page 10
Annex II
Directorate of Water Development
master record (blue fields with white letters
and/or numbers) and the related detail records
(pink fields with white letters and/or numbers).
On top of some of the screen images, two red
fields may appear. These are DisplayOnly fields,
which cannot be changed.
Data Import Export Report GIS Options Quit
— — — — — — . Location and identification data.
75703
1
Location Ho.:
Uaterpoint No.:
District : IGANGA
Subcounty: NAMUNGALUE
Project No.:
UDD4033
Date of Siting :
Siting organisation:
Approx. discharge (spring) :
'"-1
CM]
Uaterpoint : NAMUNGALUE H.CENTRE
County : KIGULU
Parish : NAMUNGALUE
Type of waterpoint : Borehole
Method :
CF1)
[F1]
(L./min.)
Coordinates in UTH or GEOGRAPHIC (U/G) : G
UTM Zone : 36 East :
North/South :
Geogr.(DD.HM.SS) Long.: 33.30.00 Lat.
: 00.44.00 N (N/S)
Altitude
:
Waterpoint owner: Private
Communal
Institutional
Livestock
Industry
Waterpoint use : Domestic
Irrigation
Uaterpoint abandoned due to:
Low yield :
Quality :
Technical:
at Date :
1 of 36
[F2] Quit | CF3] Up | [F4] Down j Ctrl-PgDn NextRec.| Ctrl-PgUp Prev.Rec.| DWD
Figure 5
The first screen image of the database.
When the cursor is to be moved from one level to
another, the F3- or the F4 buttons are pressed.
Depending of which level you are in, you can
scroll the information on waterpoint level or at
detail level simply by pressing PgUp/PgDn, CrtlPgUp/-Pgdn or the Arrow keys.
When a data item is to be entered or changed,
the arrow keys are used to bring the cursor to
the field in question. Now, data may be entered.
If something is already written in the field,
this may be emptied by pressing the <Backspace>or the <Ctrl-Backspace> button. Now the new
value can be entered. If only part of the field
is subject to change, the value/string may be
edited by pressing <Alt>+<F5>. This will avoid
that the entire value/string is to be re-entered.
When the actual screen image is modified, you
can go to the next page by pressing an <arrow>
key or the <PgDn> key. You can also continue to
the next record by pressing <Ctrl>+<PgDn>. It is
important to notice that any change being made
Annex Report - Volume 2
WAP Doc. Oil/Final
Uganda Water Action Plan
Directorate of Water Development
Annex 11
is in effect as soon as you continue to another
record. If you want to regret your modifications
this is only possible in the record where the
cursor is. Regret is activated simply by pressing <Ctrl+U>.
4.1
Editing of data
When a result should be changed or entered manually, the arrow-keys are used to move the cursor
to the required field. Thereupon the result may
be entered. If an incorrect result has been
inserted in the field, which needs to be
corrected, it is necessary first to delete it by
means of the <Backspaae> key which deletes backwards, or the <Ctrl>+<Backspace>; and then the
new value may be entered. If it is a keying
error, entered values/texts may be edited by
pressing <alt>+<P5>; in this way it is not necessary to alter the entire contents of the
field in question. When the display has been
corrected, it is possible to go on to the next
item which needs to be corrected or controlled,
and at the same time the data base is brought up
to date.. When changes of the data file in
question have been made, it is possible to leave
the editor by using F2, which makes the program
return to the main menu. It is important to
understand that corrections which are made on
these displays, are a fact as soon as the record
with the corrected data is left, i.e. if the
keys PgDn/Down arrow/Up arrow are used to go on
to the next record. Thus , it is only possible
to regret the corrections for the record which
the cursor "points" at. Regrets are made by
pressing Ctrl+U.
4.2
How to enter dates
All dates in DWD must observe the following
syntax : dd.mm.yyyy; i.e. a new date must be
entered by stating the day number followed by a
full stop, then number of month followed by a
full stop, and finally the year.
As an example the following dates are correct:
1.01.94
1.1.1994
31.10.83,
Annex Report - Volume 2
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Annex 11
Directorate of Water Development
whereas the dates shown below are unacceptable:
1st Jan.94
1/1/1994
31-10-84
29.2.1994
31.11.80
4.3
How to enter notes and comments
In some displays, e.g. in case of "other information" it is possible to enter a comment in a
memo box. The box is fetched by pressing
<alt>+F5, after which it is possible to enter
comments. It is possible to write a text corresponding to approximately 64 kB.
Data
Import
Export
Report Gis Options Quit
Location and identification data
Supervision > Comment — [ f ] - ^
Here it is possible to write a com
ment on the individual sampling. When
a comment is to be entered the cursor
is placed in the comment field and the
alt+FS keys are pressed whereupon
this box for entering text will appear. When the text is written,
F2 is pressed, and the amount of text
for which there is room in the comment field is shown on the display.
If you wish to make corrections, you
can re-call the text box by pressing
alt+F5.
:i::lii::::llij::;:IIHl!i:-^
=
2 "i
= :=
" "
=
Figure 6.
Annex Report - Volume 2
DUD 1.0
Memo box to enter comients.
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Annex 11
Directorate of Water Development
Location and identification data.
OTHER INFORMATION
75703
Uaterpoint No.:
Location No.
Here a comment on the individual sampling may be written. When a
comnent is to be entered, the cursor is placed in the comment
field and the alt+F5 keys are pressed, whereupon this box to
enter the text appears. When the text has been written, the F2 •*
Date
Hydrochemical sampling dates
Sampling method
Discharge
CF2] Quit | [F3J Up | [F4] Down | Ctrl-PgDn NextRec.| Ctrl-PgUp Prev.Rec.| DUD
Figure 7.
When the text has been entered, as
much text as possible will be shown
on the screen.
When the comment has been written, F2 is pressed. The box will disappear, and the first lines
of the entered comment can immediately be seen
on the screen (figure 8 ) . If the comment is to
be edited or inspected, the box may be fetched
again by pressing <alt>+F5.
4.4
Search process
In the data file being handled it is possible to
page through the records by means of the CtrlPgDn or Ctrl-PgUp keys. Furthermore, a specific
record can be found if a search function is
being used.
If you wish to search for a water point in a
given parish, you press Alt-F when you are standing in the National ID field. This brings up a
box, where you can specify District, County,
Subcounty and Parish. A search is started and if
one or more waterpoints exist within this parish, the first one will be shown. Now, CtrlPgDn (and Ctrl-PgUp) can be used to locate the
waterpoint in question.
If you wish to search for data for a given date,
you must place the cursor in the date field and
press Ctrl+Z, and enter the required date in the
small box which has appeared in the centre of
the screen. The entering is ended with Enter. If
this date has data, they will be shown on the
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Annex 11
screen after a short search. If not, you will be
told that the search was without result.
4.5
Creation of a new record
To create a new record press the INS key; a
clear diagram will appear on the screen. The
diagram may now be filled in with the relevant
information and P2 should be pressed. The entered information is now saved in the data base.
4.6
Delete a record
If a record i£ to be deleted in the file, you
must search for the information attached to the
given record. When the information appears on
the screen, you press ,the DEL key. A box will
then appear on the screen in which you are asked
to confirm that the current record is to be
deleted from the file of records. If the Olc key
is activated, the record with the information on
the client will be deleted; if, however, the
Quit key (which is preselected) is pressed, the
process will be interrupted and nothing has been
deleted.
Please note, that only records,^ which have no
related records (the ones in the pink fields on
the screens) can be deleted. As long as there
exist related records, deletion of the master
record will be rejected. In such cases, each of
the related records must be deleted prior to
deleting the master record.
Only users with right on level 1 or higher may
delete data.
4.7
Location and identification data
This part of the database forms the central part
of the data storage facilities. Here, almost all
data are stored in the master file (GR_WATER)
and in related detail tables such as xx,xx and
xx. This part of the database presents its fi-^
elds in 5 successive screen images, holding
information on:
-
Annex Report - Volume 2
Identification and location
Construction
Installation
Geology and hydrology
Other information and water chemistry
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Annex 11
Directorate of Water Development
The screen images will be explained in the following. You move between the images by pressing
<PgDn>/<PgtJp> or by using the <Arrow> keys at
the last or first field in each screen.
First Identification and Location data:
Data Import Export
— — — — — — — —
Report GIS Options Quit
Location and identification data.
75703
1
Location No.:
Uaterpoint No.:
District : IGANGA
Subcounty: NAMUNGALUE
-t I-,
tF1]
Uaterpoint : NAMUNGALUE H.CENTRE
County : KIGULU
Parish : NAMUNGALUE
Project No.:
UDD4033
Date of Siting :
Siting organisation:
Approx. discharge (spring) :
Type of waterpoint : Borehole
Method :
[F1]
[F1]
(L./min.)
Coordinates in UTH or GEOGRAPHIC (U/G) : G
UTM Zone : 36 East :
North/South :
Geogr.(DD.MM.SS) Long.: 33.30.00 Lat.
: 00.44.00 N (N/S)
Altitude
:
Communal
Institutional
Uaterpoint owner: Private
Irrigation
Livestock
Industry
Uaterpoint use : Domestic
Uaterpoint abandoned due to:
Technical:
at Date :
Low yield :
Quality :
1 of 36
-1
•'WtKKKmmKKRKKt^^
[F2J Quit | [F3] Up ! [F4] Down J Ctrl-PgDn NextRec.| Ctrl-PgUp Prev.Rec.| DUD
Figure 8.
First screen image of the main table
in the database.
Explanation to the fields:
The Location No. (DATATYPE=N*) identifies the
location of the waterpoint as regards District,
County/ Subcounty and Parish. These combinations
are stored in the Location table (explained later) . This field has a so-called LookUp-facility. When the cursor is placed in this field, you
can go to the location table simply by pressing
PI. Once you enter the location table, you find
the location in question the following way:
1)
2)
Move the cursor to the Dname field.
Press <Ctrl>+z
This brings up a box in which you may enter a
search criteria. Let's take that you seek a
location in KAMULI district. Then you:
3)
Enter KAMULI.. and press <Enter>
(it is necessary to enter the "..")
Now, the cursor is placed at the first occurrence of KAMULI (if found).
Annex Report - Volume 2
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Directorate of Water Development
4)
Annex 11
Now move the cursor to the County field.
Find the correct county and move on to
subcounty and repeat moving the cursor
until also the correct Parish is found.
Having found the right location, you press F2
which:
5)
brings you back to, the main table and
6)
supplies the names of the location in the
pink fields below the number.
Now, the Waterpoint number is supplied, too.
This is done automatically and should not be
changed! If a record is deleted at a later stage, the serial number is not reused thus leaving
an empty number in the row.
The Waterpoint field (DATATYPE=S*) allows input
of a name or an identification of the waterpoint. No tests are performed on the user input.
The Project No. (DATATYPE=A25) can contain a
local identification code being used. Input is
automatically converted to capitals to ensure
some degree of uniform input.
Type of waterpoint (DATATYPE=A16) is a Lookup
field. Input is controlled against the table
POINTYPE. Press Fl to choose the correct type.
Date of Siting (DATATYPE=DATE)/is self-explanatory
Method (DATATYPE=A11) is the siting method. The
possible choices are shown by pressing Fl.
Approx. discharge (spring) may hold the amount
of discharge in L/min.
The coordinates of the water may be stored in
two ways. Either as Geographical or as UTM. If
given in UTM, the zone must be specified.
The geographic coordinates are given as DD.MM.SS
(DATATYPE=A8). Remember to specify, if it is
North or South of Equator. Only coordinates
given in LONGITUDE and LATITUDE are transferred
to the AtlasGIS files. No conversions between
the UTM and geographic coordinates are dene
this version of the database
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Directorate of Water Development
The Altitude (DATATYPES) field may hold the
altitude in meters above sea level.
In the Waterpoint owner (DATATYPE=A1) fields you
may specify the type of the owner simply by
entering a X in either of the fields.
In the Waterpoint use (DATATYPE=A1), an X may be
entered in one or more of the fields.
If the waterpoint is abandoned (DATATYPE=DATE)
for some reason, this may be registered by entering an X in one or more of the fields. The
date of abandoning may be entered in the last
field of the screen.
Now onwards to the next image Construction data:
Data
•
Import
Export
Report GIS Options Quit
Location and identification data.
CONSTRUCTION DATA
Uaterpoint No.:
Location No.
:
75703
45
Total depth :
Completion date : 1.12.90 4
Organisation
:
CF1]
27
Casing/gel I ring diameter
152,4
mm. Length :
Bottom of c/w lining
27
(m b . g . l )
Borehole sealing
[F1]
Development of filters
[F1]
Borehole/well diameter
From
To
Diameter
(m.)
(m.)
(m.)
0
27
203
27
45
152,4
Spring, Height x Uidth (m) H :
No. of spring outlets*
:
{ ]-•
m.
m.
Filter slot size & intervals
From
To
Diameter
(m.)
(m.)
(m.)
x W
1 of 36
CF2] Quit | tF31 Up J [F4] Down | Ctrl-PgDn NextRecr} Ctrl-PgUp Prev.Rec.j DUD
Figure 9.
Second screen image of the main
table in the database.
Completion date (DATATYPE=DATE) is self-explanatory
Total depth (DATATYPE=N) is the depth in metres.
Organisation (DATATYPE=A10) is the name of the
organisation responsible for the construction.
By pressing Fl the possible organisations are
listed. Choose one by moving the cursor and
press F2.
Casing/well ring diameter (DATATYPE=N) is given
in mm.
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Annex 11
Length (DATATYPE=N) is the length of the casing/we-11 ring in metres.
Bdttom of c/w lining (DATATYPE=N) is given in
metres.
^
*
Borehole sealing (DATATYPE=A16) holds information on the sealing material used. Press Fl for
Lookup help.
Development of filters (DATATYPE=A16) holds
information on the borehole filter material
used. Press Fl for Lookup help.
The two boxes with pink fields differ from the
rest of the fields on this screen. They are
related tables to the master table. You get into
the first one by pressing F4.
Now you may enter one or more records with information on Borehole/well diameters.
From and To (DATATYPES=N) is start and end of
the interval as m.b.g.l., whereas Diameter is
given in mm.
If you want to input more records, you simply
move the cursor to the next free record.
The records are sorted by the From field in
ascending order.
You leave the box by pressing F4 (go to "Filter
slot size & intervals") or F3 if you wish to
return to the master table.
If you choose to enter information on Filter
slot size & intervals, this is done in exactly
the same way as explained above.
You leave the box by pressing F3 (go to "Borehole/well diameters") or F4 if you wish to return
to the master table.
Spring Height and Spring Width (DATATYPES=N) are
given in meters.
No. of spring outlets (DATATYPE=S) is self-explanatory.
Third part of the database: installation data.
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Uganda Water Action Plan
Page 1?
Annex 11
Directorate of Water Development
Data
Import
•
Export
Location No.
Report GIS Options Ouit
Location and identification aata.
INSTALLATION DATA
75703
Waterpoint No.:
Casing/well material
Type of punp
Date of installation
Organisation
Name of pump
Capacity
Intake depth
Riser pipe material :
Punp ing rod material :
Date
1.12.90
Discharge
8,5
i CF1]
CF1]
[F1]
(m3/hour)
(m. b.g.l.)
[FU Diameter :
[F1] Diameter :
Yield test, flow and water level data
Durat.
Test type
Transmiss.
0,33
Air-lift test [F1]
Static Water Level Date
HydrFrDate
12
1.12.90
(mm.)
(mm.)
Spec.Capaci.
1 of 36
[F2] Quit J [F3] Up | [F4] Down ', Ctrl-PgDn NextRec.I Ctrl-PgUp Prev.Rec.
Figure 10.
DUO
Third screen image of the main table
in the database.
Casing/well ring material (DATATYPE=A16) has
Lookup help. Press Fl for help.
Type of pump (DATATYPE=A16) has Lookup help.
Press Fl for help.
Date of installation (DATATYPE=D) is self-explanatory.
Organisation (DATATYPE=A10) holds the name of
the organisation responsible for the installation. Press Fl for help.
Name of pump (DATATYPE=A20) is a free format
field. Input is converted to capitals to assure
some degree of uniform input.
Capacity (DATATYPE=N) is the pump capacity in
m3/hour.
Intake depth (DATATYPE=N) is given in meters
b.g.1.
Riser pipe material (DATATYPE=A16) holds information on the material used. Press Fl for help.
Pumping rod material (DATATYPE=A16) holds information on the material used. Press Fl for help.
The Diameters (DATATYPES=N) are given in mm.
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Uganda Water Action Plan
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Directorate of Water Development
Annex 1!
The last part of this page holds information on
yield tests. The functionality is as described
for Borehole/well diameters etc. Press F4 to
enter this part.
*
You may enter one ore more records in this section, but only the first one will be visible.
You can scroll the information by using <PgDn>
,<PgUp> or the arrow keys.
Date (DATATYPE=DATE) is the date of the yield
test.
Durat. (DATATYPE=N) is given in hours (with
decimals, if necessary).
Test type (DATATYPE=A11) has Lookup help. Press
PI for help.
Transmiss. (DATATYPE=N) holds information on
transmissivity.
Spec.Capaci. (DATATYPE=N) holds information on
the specific capacity.
Discharge (DATATYPE=N) is the discharge during
test.
Static Water Level (DATATYPE=N) is self-explanatory.
Date (DATATYPE=DATE) is the date of the static
water level.
HydrFrDate (DATATYPE=DATE) is the date of hydrofracturing.
Return to the master table by pressing F3 c: :.'•• .
The records are sorted
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vY
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Directorate of Water Development
The fourth screen image: Geological and hydrogeological data.
Data
Import
Export
Report GIS Options Quit
Location and identification
GEOLOGICAL AND HYDROGEOLOGICAL DATA
Location No.
:
75703
Waterpoint No. :
Depth to bedrock:
27
•< (m b.g.l)
Ov.geol.settings:
Drilling method :
[F1]
From:
0
3
12
To:
3
12
21
•
1
CM]
Lithology
Description:
Black top soiI
Clay • mica + sand
Gravel • bolders
Aquifer type, depth and yield
Depth (m) Type
Yield Cm3/h)
24
Fracture
36
Fracture
8,5
1 of36
[F2] Quit | [F3] Up | [F4] Downij Ctrl-PgDn NextRec.j Ctrl-PgUp Prev.Rec.| DUD
Figure 11.
Fourth screen image of the main
table in the database.
Depth to bedrock (DATATYPE=N) is given in meters
b.g.1.
Ov.geol.settings (DATATYPE=A50) is an overall
description of the geology. Press Fl for Lookup
help. You will find a number of standard texts
describing the geology.
Drilling method (DATATYPE=A16) is self-explanatory. Press Fl for Lookup help.
The description of Lithology follows the same
outline as described above for Borehole/well
diameters etc. Press F4 to move to the pink
fields.
From and To fields (DATATYPE=N) given in meters
describe the interval for which the description
is valid.
Description (DATATYPE=A50) is a free format
description of the lithology.
You can put in as many records to each borehole
as necessary.
The records are sorted in ascending order according to the value of From.
•\nnex Report - Volume 2
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Directorate of Water Development
Press F3 to return to the master table or F4 to
go to Aquifer type, depth and yield.
The information on Aquifer type, depth and yield
acts the same way as described for Lithology.
Depth (DATATYPE=N) is the aquifer depth.
Type (DATATYPE=A10) holds the aquifer type.
Press Fl for Lookup help.
Yield (DATATYPE=N) holds the actual yield in
m3/hour.
You can put in as many records to each borehole
as necessary.
The records are sorted in ascending order according to the value of Depth. You can only have
one record for each depth.
Press F4 to return to the master table or F3 to
go to Aquifer type, depth and yield.
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Uganda Water Action Plan
Page 23
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Directorate of Water Development
The fifth
screen image: Other information.
Data Export Report GIS Options Quit
— — — — — — —
Location and identification data.
Location No.
:
OTHER INFORMATION
75703
Uaterpoint No.:
This is a report of the drilling of the borehole
— — — — — —
-C ] - ,
1
bhkjhhj
Hydrochemical sampling dates
Date
Sampling method
Discharge
25.04 .94
Air-lift sampling
26.04 .94
Pumping
2
27.04 .94
Air-lift sampling
7
-•
1 of 36
___
[F2] Quit | IF3] Up | [F4] Doun~| Ctrl-PgDnNextRec.j Ctrl-PgUp Prev.Rec.| DUD
Figure 12.
Fifth screen image of the main table
in the database.
The fifth screen gives information on Other
information. Here, you may input any comment
relating to the waterpoint. Press <Alt>+F5 to
enter Edit mode. Now you can type in your text.
When finished, press F2 to return to the master
table. As described above, the text (or part of
it) will be shown on screen.
The last part holds the link to the Hydrochemical samples.
If you want to enter information on Hydrochemical analyses you should do it this way:
Goto the box named Hydrochemical sampling dates
by pressing F4. Enter the date of sampling. When
this is done, press <Alt-h> to open the screen
with hydrochemical information. Now, the following screen image appears:
Annex Report - Volume 2
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Uganda Water Action Plan
Page 24
Annex 11
Directorate of Water Development
Data Export Report GIS Options Quit
— — — — — « — — — — Hydrochemical data
Location : 75703
Date
: 25.04.94
Sampling method :
Preservation method
Discharge volume
•[ ] - ,
Uaterpoint No.:
Air-lift sampling
Other CFU
-. CF1J
(I.)
Parameter
Ammomms (MH4+)
Conductivity
Hardness (CaC03)
pH
Potassium <K+)
Result
2
1.4
3,3
10
6
F/l DateOfAnalysis
f 26.04.94
26.04.94
26.04.94
26.04.94
1 of 6
[F2] Quit I [F3] Up | [F4] Down j Ctrl-PgDn NextRecT| Ctrl-PgUp Prev.Rec.| DUD
Figure 13. Fifth screen image of the main table
in the database.
The sixth screen gives information on Hydrochemical analyses.
Like the other screen images, this is also divided into two parts. The upper part (The blue
fields contain information on the sampling whereas the pink fields contain information on the
chemical analyses performed.
For each parameter (press Fl to show the list of
parameters) you may enter:
Parameter name (according to the list of
parameters)
Attribute (one character)
Result (DATATYPE=N)
Field or laboratory analysis (DATATYPE=A1)
Date of analysis (DATATYPE=D)
Be aware, that you can only have one analysis of
the same parameter from one waterpoint on a
specific sampling date, since data are uniquely
identified by Waterpoint No., Date and Parameter. If you try to enter the same parameter
twice, you will get an error message on the
screen, saying that the key already exists. In
•,'.x Report -^Volume 2
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Directorate of Water Development
Annex 11
this case you must delete the last one to skip
the error status.
You can scroll between the chemical analysis in
the database by pressing <PgUp> or <PgDn>, if
the cursor in the upper part of the screen image. You may even scroll to analyses from other
waterpoints. When you press <F2> for Quit, you
are automatically taken to the record, from
which you called the Hydrochemical samples.
This marks the end of the description of the
master table GR WATER.
Lookup tables
The following paragraphs from 4.8 to 4.21 cover
the tables being used as Lookup tables. Various
fields in the master table are controlled by the
contents of these tables to assure uniform input. This is very important since the possibilities of making queries will depend of the "quality" of the field information.
The Lookup tables may be modified in the same
way as the master table. However, it requires
that you have rights to enter/modify data!
The Lookup values must be present in the tables
prior to using them. The correct way will be to
update the Lookup tables before they are to be
used from the master table.
Almost all of the tables have MultiRecord structure which means that several r.ecords from the
database appear simultaneously on screen. You
may scroll the information using the arrow keys
or the <PgUp> and <PgDn> keys.
Annex Report - Volume 2
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Directorate of Water Development
4.8
Siting methods.
Data Import Export Report GIS Options Quit
— i — — — — — — — — — Siting Method —
Siting Method
EH
None
Resistivity
Topographic
1 of «
•HHHNHHHHMHHNMNHH^
[F2] Quit | IF3] Up | [F4] Down |' Ctrl-PgDn NextRec.J Ctrl-PgUp Prev.Rec. DWD
Figure 14. Screen image of the siting methods.
4.9
Data
Drilling methods.
Import
Export
Report
GIS Options Quit
1 ]-,
i
DriI ling Methods
Air-rotary
*
Hand-auger
Hand-dug
Other
Percussion-driI1
1
1 of 5
.
[F2] Suit | [H3] Up | [F4] Down } Ctrl-PgDn NextRec.j Ctrl-PgUp Prev.Rec.| DUD
Figure 15.
Annex Report - Volume 2
Screen image of the drilling methods .
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Uganda Water Action Plan
Page 27
Annex 11
Directorate of Water Development
4.10
Data
Waterpoint types,
Import
Export
••
Report
G I S Options Quit
Type of uaterpoint
•t ] •
Type of waterpoint
Borehole
«
Dug Well
Protected Spring
1 of 3
„_!
[F2] Quit ', CF3] Up j [FA] Down | Ctrl-PgDn NextRec.| Ctrl-PgUp Prev.Rec.| DUD
Figure 16. Screen image of the waterpoint types.
4.11
Pump types.
Data Import Export Report GIS Options Quit
— — — — — — — —
Type of puip installation
Pump type
Bucket
4
Centrifugal pump
Handpunp
Submersible pump
1 of 4
CF2] Quit ; [F3] Up ; [F4]
Figure 17. Screen image of the pump types.
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Page 28
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Directorate of Water Development
4.12
Data
Ring material.
Import
Export
Report
GIS Options
Quit
•
Type of material
Black casing
Bricks
Concrete
Mild steel
Other
PVC
<•
[F2] Quit J [F3] Up | [F4] Down | Ctrl-PgOn NextRec! Ctrl-PgUp Prev.Rec.| OW
Figure 18. Screen image of the ring materials.
4.13
Pipe material.
Data Import Export Report GIS Options Quit
— — — — — — — — — —
Riser pipe material
[ ]•
Pipe material
Galvanized iron
Stainless steel
*ild steel
1 of 3
•HWBWWMMMBBMMBHMMW^
[F2] Quit i CF31 Up | CF4] Down J Ctrl-PgDn MextRec.j Ctrl-PgUp Prev.Rec.| OWD
Figure 19. Screen image of the pipe materials.
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Uganda Water Action Plan
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Directorate of Water Development
4.14
Rod m a t e r i a l .
Data Import Export Report GIS Options Quit
— — ^ — — — ^ — — Pumping rod material
Rod material
Galvanized iron •*
Stainless steel
Wire
1 of 3
tF2] Quit | [F3] Up | CF4] Down | Ctrl-PgDn NextRec.| Ctrl-PgUp Prev.Re'c.| DUD
Figure 20.
4.15
Screen image of the pumping rod materials.
Filter development.
Data Import Export Report GIS Options Quit
Development of
borehole filters
Gravel pack
«
Natural dev.
1 of 2
CF2] Quit j [F3] Up J [F4] Down | Ctrl-PgDn NextRec.j Ctrl-PgUp Prev.Rec.| DUO
Figure 21.
Annex Report - Volume 2
Screen image of the filter developments .
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.Annex 11
Directorate of Water Development
4.16
Data
Parameter list.
Import
Export
Report
GIS Options Quit
List of parameters -~«~™-.
Unit
Parameter
Ammonium (NH4+)
Bicarbonate (HC03-)
Calcium (Ca+*)
Carbonate (C03--)
Chloride (CL-)
Conductivity
Faecal coli
Fluoride (F-)
Free Carbon dioxide (C02)
Hardness (CaC03)
Magnesium (Mg+«O
Manganese (Mn++)
— 1 of 22
[F21 Quit | CF3J Up
Figure 22.
4.17
•C ] •
< ing/1
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
uS/cm
Nc/100 ml
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
IF4]
Screen image of the hydrochemical
parameter list.
Sampling methods.
Data Import Export Report GIS Options Quit
— — — — — — — — Sampling methods for Hydrochemical data
Sampling methods
Air-lift sampling
Bucket
Pumping.
1 of 3
CF23 Quit | tF3) Up j [F4] Down j Ctrl-PgDn NextRec] Ctrl-PgUp Prev.Rec. ] DUD
Figure 23.
Annex Report - Volume 2
Screen image of the sampling methods.
..WAP Doc. Oil/Final
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Page 31
Annex' 11
Directorate of Water Development
4.18
Preservation methods.
Data Import
'
Export
Report GIS Options Quit
Sample preservation methods
Sample preservation methods
Acid 4
None
Other
1 of 3
[F2] Quit | tF3] Up | [F4] Down | Ctrl-PgDn NextRec.j Ctrl-PgUp Prev.Rec.| DUD
Figure 24. Screen image of the sample preservation methods.
4.19
Data
Aquifer types.
Import
Export
Report
GIS Options Quit
Aquifer types
Bedrock «
Fracture
Overburden
1
1 of 3
[F2J Quit | tF3] Up | [F41 Down j Ctrl-PgDn NextRec.j Ctrl-PgUp Prev.Rec.| DUD
Figure 25. Screen image of the aquifer types.
Annex Report - Volume 2
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Annex 11
Directorate of Water Development
4.20
Data
Location table.
Import
Export
Report
GIS Options
Quit
•
U-,
•
Location No.: 11101
District
County
Subcounty
Parish
4233
:
:
:
:
<
No.:
1
No.: 1
No.: 1
1
No.:
APAC
KOLE
ABOKE
OGUANGACUMA
•
[F21 Quit | [F3] Up | [HI
Down .j Ctrl-PgDn NextRec.j Ctrl-PgUp Prev.Rec.[ DUD
Figure 26. Screen image of the location table.
4.21
Organisations.
Data Export
Report
GIS Options Quit
Organisations
DWD
NURP
OTHER
RUWASA
SWIP
-
CF21
Figure 27. Screen image of the organisations
table.
Annex Report - Volume 2
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Uganda Water Action Plan
Page 33
Annex 11
Directorate of Water Development
5. Exporting data
In order to obtain maximum information from the
data base a function has been built in which
enables you to carry out an optional search in
the data base and export the selected data to
another type of software. That the search is
optional means that the user may choose the
files in which to search, the variables to be
found, how the relations between the different
files should be, the conditions which the selected data must fulfil and the format in which
they are to be exported.
The figure shows the display appearing when
Export is selected in the main menu. The figure
shows a dialogue box with the records, in which
searches may be made immediately. Opposite each
of the 12 file names is a box [ ] , in which you
must write an X, if you wish to include the file
in the following search. The X is entered by
placing the cursor in the required box and by
pressing any key or by clicking on the box by
means of the mouse. An X is removed by pressing/clicking once more.
Data
Export
Report
GIS Options
Quit
ft • - . • . • • ' . : * : •
'
.
. . . . . . . r.
. ' . — : t ! *!;•:"- : : : • • : ;; "
t . . t jK .
t •
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*
**
* **
:
• " • ?)•" '?.;.".!..
"
•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••in' ••• • ••I.I.IIIIMIIIIIII I.IIII..I...IIIH..........I..........III.M..H..I.I «IIIIIIHI>IIIIIJIH>IIIHIIIIIII»llfllll1IHI
!
.•::••• ••
•."!•« ••.:•
' ' ' '
I l m
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' " ' ! ! • s i>i?" :i':•
Choose f i l e s
itiitiittttttiiimititv
;si;i;:;;^;;J
[X] Grounduater DB [X] Location table
Borehole diam.
Filter dian.
Yield tests
Geology
Hydrology
.: i., .•*
, „
. . «... . . .
...»
tilth t ttttittittttt;
11
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!'
•tttt tit iititjtmtti
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tniiiiiimmniiiiiiiiiiitimti
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nil
>HtM
•;
.
•„
:
.
.
:
.
.
•
.*:.
_
. .
. :
DUD 1.0
Figure 28.
Annex Report - Volume 2
List of records constituting the
searches.
WAP Doc. Oil/Final
Uganda Water Action Plan
Page 34
Annex 11
Directorate of Water-Development
You mark the individual records by moving the
cursor to the box opposite the individual record
and pressing the space bar. In the same manner a
mark is removed by moving the cursor to the box
with the X and pressing the space bar.
In the example shown above the Groundwater table
and the Location table have been marked. If the
OK key is used to quit, a new display will show
a list of existing annual data bases. Here the
annual databases which are to be included in the
search can be selected. The selection is ended
by pressing the OK key.
The Groundwater table and the Location table
have now been selected and the extent of the
search may be specified as to the fields to be
included, and as to how the two registers should
be tied together, etc.
Data
Export
GR WATER
Report
GIS
Id national
Options Quit
Query Gr water
SerialNo
tF2]=Ask, [F3]=Up, [F4]=0own, [F5]=Link, [F6]=Choose
Figure 29.
Search boxes in which relations and
conditions as regards the search are
created.
For each of the selected files a window will
appear, where the fields of the files are represented, partly by their field names and partly
by a box. In each of these boxes it may be
stated whether this particular field is to be
included in the selection procedure, whether it
is to be used to create a relation to another
file, or whether a condition regarding the contents of this field should be made.
Annex Report - Volume 2
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Uganda Water Action Plan
1
Directorate of Water Development
Page 35
Annex 11
In order to be able to operate on the screen it
is necessary to know how to move about between
the different files, how to create relations,
etc.
Try to move between the two files by means of
the 2 functional keys, P3 and F4. Inside each
file the TAB keys are used to move from field to
field.
...' \
^
The functional key, F6, is used to mark that a
particular field should be included in the selection. When P6 has been pressed, a check mark
V appears; another touch on P6 removes the check
mark again.
When a relation is to be created between the two
fields, the two fields which are to be related
are selected, thereupon the cursor are moved to
the field in the first file; press F5 here and -a
label, e.g. xx, is entered, whereupon the cursor
is moved to the corresponding field in the second file, here F5 is pressed and the same
label, xx, is entered. By this marking a relation has been created between the two files by
means of the selected fields and the entered
labels.
Finally, it is possible to lay down some criteria in the individual fields which must be met
before data can be included in the selection
procedure. This requires a nomination of the
condition(s) in each individual field. When the
conditions, the relations and the narking of the
fields have been carried out, the query may be
started by pressing F2. The table will now show
the data which fulfilled all requirements made
at the selection. More detailed information as
to how relations between the files are made and
how requirements are made, etc, can be obtained
by reading PARADOX, chapters 5 and 6 which deal
with the user's manual.
In figure 29 it can be seen how a selection with
a connection between two files can be carried
out. A relation is made between the 2 files:
GR_water (the Groundwater database) and Loctable
by means of the field: Id_nationalber of station. The relation is stated by the entered
label xx.
Annex Report - Volume 2
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Directorate of Water Development
Page 36
i Annex 11
By means of"/ the fields:
GR_WATER->Id_national, GR_WATER->SerialNo,
GR_WATER->Waterpoint
and
LOCTABLE->Dname, LOCTABLE->Ccname
have been selected for inclusion in the final
data set.
When F2 is pressed, the selected data will
appear in a reply table as shown in figure 31.
The selected data may now be inspected by means
of the arrow keys or a mouse.
Annex Report - Volume 2
WAP Doc. Oil/Final
Uganda Water Action Plan
Page 37
Annex 11
Directorate of Water Development
Data Export Report
-(•]
ANSWER SerialNo
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
1
1
1
1
1
GIS
Options Quit
Answer —
Uaterpoint
BALAWOU S.
BOROBORO S.S.
BUOINI S.S
BUGONZA
BUSOTAHOUESE
IRUNDU
KAMULI SHOW GROUND
KANANAGEI
KIANI SAWMILL
KYEEYA VILLAGE
Dname
KABALE
KABALE
KUMI
MJBENOE
SOROTI
KAMULI
LIRA
KAMULI
KAMULI
KAMULI
KAMULI
KAMULI
KAMULI
KAMULI
KAMULI
The table contains data, which meet the set of criterions
Figure 30.
DUD 1.0
Result of the search
If, however, you wish to treat the selected
data, they must be exported out of DWD. This can
easily be done by using DWD's export function.
Export of selected data
In connection with the Search function an export
function has been built in which can export the
selected data to external programs. Data may be
exported to several, different file formats.
Thus, it is possible immediately to export data
to Quattro Pro, in comma separated ascii files,
in PARADOX tables, dBASE IV, Lotus 1-2-3 and
VisiCalc.
When the inspection of the selected data has
ended, a box will immediately appear on the
screen, where it must be stated in which format
the selected data are to be saved.
The system has been pre-selected to expo*, c to
Quattro Pro, but by using the arrow keys or the
mouse the required format can be indicated and
the session is finished by pressing the OK-key
Annex Report - Volume 2
WAP Doc. Oil/Final
Uganda Water Action Plan
Page 38
Annex 1!
Directorate of Water Development
Data
Import
Export
Report
Graphics
Misc.
Quit
l i l l l l l l IJ
:...,,:
:.,!„„:,:,;,
•
jiimnmiiiiiiiiiiiilliiiiiil
:••::
r
!!•--•• u
-. ' I ,r- ,;,'f—
'-ai--- •- •
Format for export
(•) Quattro Pro
( > Ascii
( ) Paradox
( ) dBASE IV
( ) 1-2-3, Release 2
( ) VISICALC, dif
lim
i'ar
i.
<>>>
OK
ti
Quit
="J"
•ffiMHBin iitiimi nnttiii
Figure 31. Dialogue box to state the format in
which data are to be saved.
You will now be asked to give the data a file
name, and the data will be exported in the required format. The data will be stored in the
directory stated as privatdir under "Placing of
files". Privatdir has been preselected to
"C:\PDOX_DWD".
Depending on the format chosen for exporting the
data, the file will get its surname. The table
below shows the possible surnames.
Export file format
Quattro Pro
LOTUS 1-2-3
dBASE IV
VisiCalc
Ascii
Annex Report - Volume 2
Surname
. wql
.wkl
.db
.dif
.txt
WAP Doc. Oil/Final
Uganda Water Action Plan
Page 39
Annex 11
Directorate of Water Development
6. Reports
Some routines for reporting purposes have been
developed so far. However, these will only form
a subset of reporting requirements for the future.
When requirements evolve, new standard reports
can be included in the system.
Generally, reports may be printed on Screen,
printer or to a file. If Screen is selected, .you
have the possibility of copying the information
to a printer after viewing it on screen. You
leave a report shown on screen by pressing F2.
The Report menu curtain is shown below:
Data
Export
Report
GIS Options Quit
Uaterpoint
District
Water levels
;;]
iC TT • ! 7 ! r T 7 i " . j:^!!:!H^jr? ! T !!i\.i
^Fr
tuiii.iiitttit!{tiitniit.iiiitiiMiiitinn.ntiitititmitit|)iniiiiittin..iiiuttt
1 till I
• -••
••••:»•
ittiiniittmiu
It;miiItj|;Htt:;:K*(jJi;)J:#"«MJi)|i>;;;,;ii>itit;j iltniiiittiuiittiitmrhnjttt.iiitii.ttiitiimuutttiW' n iiimiiimmmt
; | 1 1 |im^||||i^l1 | | i 1 ; i | ; . . . . , . . : .
,
tttimti Jtiiitiitiiijiiitiuirniiiiii»iiit)niiiiiiiiiiiili!MiiHiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiwiitiiiiiit|iiIii
liniwiiwiii
::
.„
iSS--.i:£:i.i.^.::.:.:-:.
Report waterpoint
Figure 32. The Report curtain
So far, there are four choices:
Waterpoint:
This choice prints out all
information about one single
waterpoint. The waterpoint is
selected in a list, which appears on screen.
This choice prints out data
from the following tables:
6R WATER, BOREDIAM, FILTSLOT,
YIELDTST, GEOLOGY and HYDROGEO.
Annex Report - Volume 2
WAP Doc. Oil/Final
Uganda Water Action Plan
Directorate of Water Development
District:
page 40
Annex 11
This report prints out information on the waterpoints within a district.
Start by selecting the district from the list shown on
screen.
Water levels:
This report prints out information on water levels at each
waterpoint within a district^
WHO Guidelines:
This is actually not a real
report, but a list of hydrochemical parameters which exceed WHO Guideline values. The
values are shown on screen.
Annex Report - Volume 2
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Uganda Water Action Plan
Page 41
Annex 11
Directorate of Water Development
7.GJS
It is possible to extract selected data and
transfer these to the AtlasGIS system, which is
also installed on the computer. This is to be
used for presentation purposes and for spatial
analyses on data.
You transfer data simply by selecting each of
the three parts shown below.
Only data with Longitude and Latitude are transferred!
P!?*?
GIS Options Quit
•••!:••? •:••'••'.-.•'
Transfer Location-data
Transfer WQ-data
Transfer YietdData
ititiimiiiitii uitimmiiii v
'
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v : > ; ™ -
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*..':
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IHMMIHIjtlMg
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imtitiMiiiHitiitti
^'"!*!
itn iti'fti
|iiitttititiii t im mitiiimtmttittii itunmt tfiitniiii*i<
'•>
HHIIHI
illlllli
liiiititiiiitiiitiiit] miitiiintitiltiiiiMtiiiiiii
n u n ittittint ittitijtiitttitiiiiiifiiiiiii!
ii milijij
,...;.,.,„
tutiiitir
t iititnm
ttlj
t
mil
MMIIIMIM
I
Transfer datapoints to Atlas format
Figure 33. Transfer data to AtlasGIS.
Data are transferred to DBASE format, which is
used by AtlasGIS. The files are automatically
copied to the directory in which the GIS data
reside.
It is beyond the scope of this user manual to
explain the use of the GIS. A very good tutorial
is delivered with the system and working your
way through it will give a very good introduction to the world of GIS.
However, a few comments on the use of the GIS is
given here.
If you want to start the AtlasGIS, you must
first leave the database and return to DOS.
Annex Report - Volume 2
WAP Doc. Oil/Final
Uganda Water Action Plan
p ag e 42
Directorate of Water Development
Annex 11
Now, change directory to C:\AGIS by typing:
cd \agis and press <Enter>.
'tyi"
»!,
Type AGIS DWD and press <Enter>.
AtlasGIS is now starting. It takes some time,
because it is a very big program. Please, be
patient!
After some time, a map of Uganda appears on
screen.
If you want to show some of the information
transferred from the database, you do the following:
1)
2)
3)
Select File and press <Enter>
Select Datapoint and press <Enter>
Select Use and press <Enter>
tf&
s
-%
,tf
w<
Now, the system suggests to look in the directory C:\AGIS\UGANDA which happens to be the
correct directory.
4)
Press <Space> to get a list of possible
files.
The information on the waterpoints are stored in
GRWDATA.
The information on yield tests are stored in
YIELDATA.
The information on hydrochemical data are stored
in WATERQUA.
Choose one of them (only one can be active at a
time!
AtlasGIS might ask you, if the index is to be
-,-j*
•&'
rebuilt. Answer Yes to this.
Now, to show the points at the screen, do this:
5)
Select View from the main menu
6)
Select Redraw
Now, the screen is redrawn, showing the positions of waterpoints. You qan zoom in on a smaller area by selecting View/Map/In
This brings a cursor to the screen. Click on the
area, which you want to zoom into.
You can get the available information on any
datapoint on screen. This is done in this way:
Annex Report - Volume 2
WAP Doc. Oil/Final
L
Uganda Water Action Plan
Page 43
Directorate of Water Development
1)
2)
3)
Annex 11
Select Edit from the main menu.
Select Datapoint from the Edit menu.
Select PopUp from the Datapoint menu.
Now, a cursor appears on screen.
Move it to a datapoint and click the mouse button.
A window will appear on screen showing the data
for this point. When finished, press <Done> to
select another one or to finish.
Remember, that even though you can alter the
information on the waterpoints here, it has no
effect in the groundwater database!. These are
two different systems!
You end the AtlasGIS by returning to the Pile
menu and choose Quit. Do not save the current
mapfile.
Annex Report - Volume 2
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Uganda Water Action Plan
Page 44
Annex 11
Directorate of Water Development
8. Options
Miscellaneous contains a number of different
functions. The functions cover e.g. a temporary
suspension and also a change of the user-id.
Data Import Export Report Graphics Misc. Quit
•si'ff'S'.""'?
;•;:•'•••;
iltiiillMi
;•;—:
iiiiiiiiiininti
'•::••:
;•-:; ^:....:...:.....;:;...:...A
in
titmiti
itiHMimmiim
:
n
;
i
iimtiiiimiiiiiitiiiitiimtiiiiii liiimiiiimtitmiiiiiimmit ttiittttin itii
iiiiniMiittttiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii
™
"
iiiiiiitiiiitiiimmii
"""
itni;
""""'"'
inii|inii;tiiiiii
iiiim it't
•'-—S"!|~T!."-S— -.
•
Placing of files
Print out medium
Periods of waiting
Check
List of users
Go to DOS
*****••••• IIII*?T*i^****
*^**??---j?j'****i^t»*i^*^*?j**T**^*i«*i*j?n-....?i...
State PATH to files for updating, etc..
Figure 34.
8.1
Pull-down menu for Miscellaneous.
Placing of files
In order to safeguard data which are imported
into or exported from the data base, the data
are placed in specific areas.
The DWD program has been preselected to use the
user's private paradox area: C:\PDOX_HAV\. This
area will be used to place data which are being
exported out of the data base, and when importing DWD will search in this area for the data
to be entered.
It is possible to divide the different types of
input and output data according to subject. By
means of a sub-menu it is possible to designate
different areas/drives as places for new standard code lists for updating, Arop files, Water
chemistry data for import plus a statement of
one's own private paradox work area.
Annex Report - Volume 2
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4
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Annex 11
Directorate of Water Development
The entries are carried out by means of a diadialogue box as shown below.
Data
Import
Export
'"""I i.~"." I'.'"'
Report
Graphics Misc. Quit
State path for private PARADOX directoxy-
!....!;.»;;,;. l i L
j. 111 ) 1 "!;!.'. 1 . 1 ;;;!""!!;
I!""'"'
":""
iiiiiii
IIS)});
iiiilliliiiii
iiiiiii
,;;;;;;
:!!!i!l
iiiiiiii
iiiiiiii;
iiiiiiiii
"""j! 1 !:":
I! 1 ! 1 ; 1 !
I!!!!!'!!!"!!
iiiiiiilil!
iiiii;
DUD 1.0
Figure 35.
8.2
Input box for entering a directory.
Print out medium
Here you may choose whether reports/print outs
should be sent to a file, to a printer or to the
screen. The pre-selection is "screen". After
each report you are asked whether it should be
printed out as well; but you have to pass this
menu choice to direct a printout to a text-file.
When a file has been selected, the user is asked
for a file name every time a printout is generated. Afterwards the report will be traceable
with this name and the extension: ".rpt".
8.3
Periods of waiting when messages are shown
When a message is displayed, it remains on the
screen for a given amount of time. Depending on
the speed of the hardware and the user's
patience the periods of waiting may be too short
or too long. That is why it is possible to
change the period of time during which the messages are displayed on the screen.
<
You change the time by selecting Periods of
waiting in the Options pull-down menu. Your
choice will bring forth a slide gauge on the
screen which you may use to alter the period of
Annex Report - Volume 2
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Page 46
Annex 11
Directorate of Water Development
waiting by^means of the mouse, the arrow keys or
by writing the desired period of waiting.
When the mouse or the arrow keys are used, the
slide gauge is moved in the required direction
depending on whether the period of waiting
should be shorter or longer. You may also state
the required period by writing the figures.
A period of 2500 is preselected, it may be regulated within the interval of [0;8000].
Data Export Report Misc. Quit
rmminimitit
ttttitt!
iiiiimjimtiiimtiutimiiiim n
imtmtmmjitttMirmrimrtmmmiSijfriijnnmmmm
itimiiiitiiitjiij
: : ;
' " ' " ' • £ r t ' •^•""•"•••Tif".?•"""""•
—' How long must a message be
shown? —
|iillitttiii|MltiJMintftiiii<tittii
,
•
t
.
:
t
. .: .*j
*..:*;t..!t
:* :.
.-.. • •'*!
i-titttir itiititn tt t it ittitiiturni'iitiiiut ttijtiiiiiit.iiiiiiinmmiiiiiitiitttjinrui
.. I- y>-...
";•••: >.:•. r.-.
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:•
•••••'<
iitttJimiif tu
. / • :":•
nitiitiiiittiiti
if T .'••£•'••..
'..
••'..:
ouo 1.0
Figure 36.
8.4
Slide gauge to state period of waiting when messages are shown.
User list
Here it is possible to add a new user of DWD, to
change your own password, and to assign rights
in the system.
If a new user is to be added, you must choose:
Options / User list / create.
Hereafter the new user's initials and password
must be entered. As a confirmation the password
must be entered once more, and if this procedure
is carried out in the correct manner, a new user
is added - if the entry was wrong, an error
message will appear on the screen, and the process must be repeated.
Annex Report - Volume 2
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Directorate of Water Development
r
Annex 11
If you wish to change your password, do as follows:
Options / User list
/ Change.
Hereafter you must enter your present password,
then the new one and finally as a control the
new password once more. If this procedure is
carried out in the correct manner, the new password will be registered - if not, an error
message will appear on the screen.
Options / User list
V
W
/ Right.
This function can/should only be selected by a
user. A table is shown on the screen containing
all initials of all users of DWD. Opposite each
user the user's password and a code (figure) are
shown stating the rights which the individual
user has in the system.
There are three degrees of rights 0, 1, and 2.
0 gives the right to inspect data but no right
to correct, delete or add data in the data base.
1 gives the right to inspect, edit and add data
in the data base.
and finally,
;«.
'
2 gives the right to inspect, edit and add data
in the data base and the right to assign rights
to other users. Only one user should have this
right.
8.5
GO to DOS
If this function is chosen, DWD is suspended,
and you will return to DOS. In DOS you may carry
out orders, and you may afterwards return to DWD
by writing EXIT.
Annex Report - Volume 2
WAP Doc. 01 I/Final
Uganda Water Action Plan
Directorate of Water Development
Pa ge 48
,
Annex 11
9. Quit
The program may be quitted in two ways. Either
you quit the program and go to Paradox, or you
quit DWD and Paradox and go to DOS.
*
4
i
I
Annex Report - Volume 2
WAP Doc. Oil/Final
Uganda Water Action Plan
page 49
Directorate of Water Development
Annex A.
Annex 11
Questions and answers
What do J do, if I have modified the contents of
a field, but immediately regret it and want to
keep the previous version?
If you have changed or erased the contents of a
field, the original version can be recreated by
pressing <Ctrl>+u
What do I do, if I by error delete a record?
If you have deleted a record and regret in immediately after, the record can be recovered by
pressing <Ctrl>+u. It only goes for the last
record and only if you have not left it. If more
records are deleted, only the last one can be
recovered.
How do I alter the contents of a field without
retyping all of it?
Place the cursor in the field to be modified.
Press <Alt>+F5 and use the arrow keys to move
the cursor to the right position. Use the <Ins>
key to insert characters etc. or <Backspace> to
erase. Leave this mode by pressing <Enter>.
How do I erase the contents of a field?
When the contents of a field is to be erased,,
the cursor is moved to the field. When in the
correct field press <Ctrl>+<Backspace>.
Where do I find the data which I have exported?
Data which have been exported are found in the
directory C:\PDOX_DWD.
What do I do, if I get the message: UNEXPECTED
CONDITION: LINK RANGE ...? and Paradox aborts
directly to DOS?
This is one of the worse problems, since Paradox
is not able to recover from an error, which have
occurred in one or more tables. The problem is,
that a table might have been corrupted due to
some hardware or software problem.
The solution is to "repair" the tables with the
Annex Report - Volume 2
WAP Doc. Oil/Final
Uganda Water Action Plan
p
50
age
Annex 11
Directorate of Water Development
—
built-in tool "TUTILITY".
From the DOS-prompt you simply type: TUTILITY
and press <Enter>
f
l
^
"
Now, the utility program starts. From the main
menu, Table is chosen.
Select the table: GR_WATER and choose verify. If
a problem is found, the program will ask for a
name for a copy of the old version. Type f.x.
OLDGRW. Now TUTILITY will repair the damages
found.
Repeat this procedure for the following tables:
BOREFILT
FILTSLOT
GEOLOGY
HYDROGEO and
A.
*
4
HYDRCHEM and
HYDRDATA if any hydrochemical data have been
entered.
What do I do, if the script is cancelled by the
error: Field No_Of_Boreholes does not exist?
This means that the script (the program) is in
an error state, which is not handled. The problem is, that there is a record in the database,
which has an empty field within Waterpoint No.
It is most certain the last one entered.
Do the following:
1)
Press <Ctrl>+q to exit the script
2)
Press F2 to end the tables (You might do
this a number of times, until the message:
"Nothing to process now" appears.
3)
Press F8 to empty the screen.
4)
Exit Paradox from the menu
5)
Start Paradox as usual from DOS (you might
want to switch the PC off and on to start
the normal way).
Search for the last record entered using the
<Ctrl>+z function. When it is found, the record
must be deleted and the information re-entered.
It is most likely, that it is an empty record
with no other information than the Location No.
How do I backup the data in the database?
you do the following:
1)
Leave the database system and go to DOS.
2)
Type CPBACKUP GRWATER C: \GRW_CALL\DATA\* .*
Annex Report - Volume 2
WAP Doc. Oil/Final
•[
%
i,|
Uganda Water Action Plan
Directorate of Water Development
Page 51
Annex 11
and press <Enter>
Now, the IBM standard backup system starts. It
asks for a floppy disk to be inserted into the
A-drive.
3)
When finished, terminate the backup procedure .
Store the floppy in a safe place. Have 2 or 3
generations of backups. Make a backup each morning before you start entering data.
Annex Report - Volume 2
WAP Doc. Oil/Final
f^Si
V J
••••*».
•
l'
•1
REPRINTED BY DEVELOPMENT SYSTEMS LTD. P.O. BOX 5332, KAMPALA, TEL: 257574
'•.
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