SI47-0791c-E - Fuji Electric GmbH
Instruction Manual
Compact Inverter
Thank you for purchasing our FRENIC-Mini series of inverters.
• This product is designed to drive a three-phase induction motor. Read through this instruction
manual and be familiar with the handling procedure for correct use.
• Improper handling might result in incorrect operation, a short life, or even a failure of this
product as well as the motor.
• Deliver this manual to the end user of this product. Keep this manual in a safe place until this
product is discarded.
• For how to use an optional device, refer to the instruction and installation manuals for that
optional device.
Fuji Electric FA Components & Systems Co., Ltd.
INR-SI47-0791c-E
Copyright © 2002-2007 Fuji Electric FA Components & Systems Co., Ltd.
All rights reserved.
No part of this publication may be reproduced or copied without prior written permission from Fuji
Electric FA Components & Systems Co., Ltd.
All products and company names mentioned in this manual are trademarks or registered trademarks
of their respective holders.
The information contained herein is subject to change without prior notice for improvement.
Preface
Thank you for purchasing our FRENIC-Mini series of inverters.
This product is designed to drive a three-phase induction motor. Read through this instruction
manual and be familiar with proper handling and operation of this product.
Improper handling might result in incorrect operation, a short life, or even a failure of this product as
well as the motor.
Have this manual delivered to the end user of this product. Keep this manual in a safe place until this
product is discarded.
Listed below are the other materials related to the use of the FRENIC-Mini. Read them in conjunction
with this manual as necessary.
• FRENIC-Mini User's Manual
(MEH446)
• RS-485 Communication User's Manual
(MEH448)
• Catalog
(MEH441/MEH451)
• Application Guide
(MEH449)
• RS-485 Communications Card Installation Manual
(INR-SI47-0773)
• Rail Mounting Base Installation Manual
(INR-SI47-0774)
• Mounting Adapter Installation Manual
(INR-SI47-0775)
• FRENIC Loader Instruction Manual
(INR-SI47-0903-E)
• Remote Keypad Instruction Manual
(INR-SI47-0843-E)
• Built-in Braking Resistor Installation Manual
(INR-SI47-0838)
The materials are subject to change without notice. Be sure to obtain the latest editions for use.
Japanese Guideline for Suppressing Harmonics in Home Electric and General-purpose Appliances
Fuji three-phase 200 V class series of inverters with a capacity of 3.7 (4.0) kW or less, single-phase
200 V class series with 2.2 kW or less, and single-phase 100 V class series with 0.75 kW or less
were once subject to the "Japanese Guideline for Suppressing Harmonics in Home Electric and
General-purpose Appliances" (established in September 1994 and revised in October 1999), published by the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (currently the Ministry of Economy, Trade
and Industry (METI)).
Since the revision of the guideline in January 2004, however, these inverters have no longer been
subject to the guideline. The individual inverter manufacturers have voluntarily employed harmonics
suppression measures.
As our measure, it is recommended that DC reactors (DCRs) authorized in this manual be connected to the FRENIC-Mini series of inverters.
When using DCRs not authorized in this manual, however, consult your Fuji Electric representative
for the detailed specifications.
Japanese Guideline for Suppressing Harmonics by Customers Receiving
High Voltage or Special High Voltage
Refer to the FRENIC-Mini User's Manual (MEH446), Appendix C for details on this guideline.
i
„ Safety precautions
Read this manual thoroughly before proceeding with installation, connections (wiring), operation, or
maintenance and inspection. Ensure you have sound knowledge of the device and familiarize
yourself with all safety information and precautions before proceeding to operate the inverter.
Safety precautions are classified into the following two categories in this manual.
Failure to heed the information indicated by this symbol may
lead to dangerous conditions, possibly resulting in death or
serious bodily injuries.
Failure to heed the information indicated by this symbol may
lead to dangerous conditions, possibly resulting in minor or
light bodily injuries and/or substantial property damage.
Failure to heed the information contained under the CAUTION title can also result in serious consequences. These safety precautions are of utmost importance and must be observed at all times.
Application
• FRENIC-Mini is designed to drive a three-phase induction motor. Do not use it for single-phase motors or for other purposes.
Fire or an accident could occur.
• FRENIC-Mini may not be used for a life-support system or other purposes directly related
to the human safety.
• Though FRENIC-Mini is manufactured under strict quality control, install safety devices for
applications where serious accidents or material losses are foreseen in relation to the
failure of it.
An accident could occur.
Installation
• Install the inverter on a nonflammable material such as metal.
Otherwise fire could occur.
• Do not place flammable matter nearby.
Doing so could cause fire.
ii
• Do not support the inverter by its terminal block cover during transportation.
Doing so could cause a drop of the inverter and injuries.
• Prevent lint, paper fibers, sawdust, dust, metallic chips, or other foreign materials from
getting into the inverter or from accumulating on the heat sink.
Otherwise, a fire or an accident might result.
• Do not install or operate an inverter that is damaged or lacking parts.
Doing so could cause fire, an accident or injuries.
• Do not get on a shipping box.
• Do not stack shipping boxes higher than the indicated information printed on those boxes.
Doing so could cause injuries.
Wiring
• When wiring the inverter to the power source, insert a recommended molded case circuit
breaker (MCCB) or residual-current-operated protective device (RCD)/earth leakage
circuit breaker (ELCB) (with overcurrent protection) in the path of power lines. Use the
devices within the recommended current range.
• Use wires in the specified size.
• When wiring the inverter to the power supply of 500 kVA or more (50 kVA or more for the
single-phase 100 V class series of inverters), be sure to connect an optional DC reactor
(DCR).
Otherwise, fire could occur.
• Do not use one multicore cable in order to connect several inverters with motors.
• Do not connect a surge killer to the inverter's output (secondary) circuit.
Doing so could cause fire.
• Be sure to connect the grounding wires without fail.
Otherwise, electric shock or fire could occur.
• Qualified electricians should carry out wiring.
• Be sure to perform wiring after turning the power off.
• Ground the inverter following Class C or Class D specifications or national/local electric
code, depending on the input voltage of the inverter.
Otherwise, electric shock could occur.
• Be sure to perform wiring after installing the inverter body.
Otherwise, electric shock or injuries could occur.
• Ensure that the number of input phases and the rated voltage of the product match the
number of phases and the voltage of the AC power supply to which the product is to be
connected.
Otherwise fire or an accident could occur.
• Do not connect the power source wires to output terminals (U, V, and W).
• Do not insert a braking resistor between terminals P (+) and N (-), P1 and N (-), P (+) and
P1, DB and N (-), or P1 and DB.
Doing so could cause fire or an accident.
iii
• Generally, control signal wires are not reinforced insulation. If they accidentally touch any
of live parts in the main circuit, their insulation coat may break for any reasons. In such a
case, an extremely high voltage may be applied to the signal lines. Make a complete
remedy to protect the signal line from contacting any hot high voltage lines.
Doing so could cause an accident or electric shock.
• Wire the three-phase motor to terminals U, V, and W of the inverter, aligning phases each
other.
Otherwise injuries could occur.
• The inverter, motor and wiring generate electric noise. Take care of malfunction of the
nearby sensors and devices. To prevent the motor from malfunctioning, implement noise
control measures.
Otherwise an accident could occur.
Operation
• Be sure to install the terminal block cover before turning the power on. Do not remove the
cover while power is applied.
Otherwise electric shock could occur.
• Do not operate switches with wet hands.
Doing so could cause electric shock.
• If the retry function has been selected, the inverter may automatically restart and drive the
motor depending on the cause of tripping.
(Design the machinery or equipment so that human safety is ensured after restarting.)
• If the stall prevention function (current limiter), automatic deceleration, and overload
prevention control have been selected, the inverter may operate at an acceleration/deceleration time or frequency different from the set ones. Design the machine so that
safety is ensured even in such cases.
Otherwise an accident could occur.
• The STOP key is only effective when function setting (Function code F02) has been established to enable the STOP key. Prepare an emergency stop switch separately. If you
disable the STOP key priority function and enable operation by external commands, you
cannot emergency-stop the inverter using the STOP key on the built-in keypad.
• If an alarm reset is made with the operation signal turned on, a sudden start will occur.
Ensure that the operation signal is turned off in advance.
Otherwise an accident could occur.
iv
• If you enable the "restart mode after momentary power failure" (Function code F14 = 4 or
5), then the inverter automatically restarts running the motor when the power is recovered.
(Design the machinery or equipment so that human safety is ensured after restarting.)
• If you set the function codes wrongly or without completely understanding this instruction
manual and the FRENIC-Mini User's Manual, the motor may rotate with a torque or at a
speed not permitted for the machine.
An accident or injuries could occur.
• Do not touch the inverter terminals while the power is applied to the inverter even if the
inverter stops.
Doing so could cause electric shock.
• Do not turn the main circuit power on or off in order to start or stop inverter operation.
Doing so could cause failure.
• Do not touch the heat sink or braking resistor because they become very hot.
Doing so could cause burns.
• Setting the inverter to high speeds is easy. Before changing the frequency (speed) setting,
check the specifications of the motor and machinery.
• The brake function of the inverter does not provide mechanical holding means.
Injuries could occur.
Wiring length for EMC filter built-in type
• When the wiring length between the inverter and motor exceeds 10 m, the filter circuit may
be overheated and damaged due to increase of leakage current. To reduce the leakage
current, set the motor sound (carrier frequency) to 2 kHz or below with function code F26.
Otherwise a failure could occur.
Installation and wiring of an option card
• Before installing an RS-485 Communications Card, turn off the power, wait more than five
minutes, and make sure, using a circuit tester or a similar instrument, that the DC link bus
voltage between the terminals P (+) and N (-) has dropped below a safe voltage (+25
VDC).
• Do not remove the terminal cover for the control circuits while power is applied, because
high voltage lines exist on the RS-485 Communications Card.
Failure to observe these precautions could cause electric shock.
v
• In general, sheaths and covers of the control signal cables and wires are not specifically
designed to withstand a high electric field (i.e., reinforced insulation is not applied).
Therefore, if a control signal cable or wire comes into direct contact with a live conductor of
the main circuit, the insulation of the sheath or the cover might break down, which would
expose the signal wire to a high voltage of the main circuit. Make sure that the control
signal cables and wires will not come into contact with live conductors of the main circuits.
Failure to observe these precautions could cause electric shock and/or an accident.
Maintenance and inspection, and parts replacement
• Turn the power off and wait for at least five minutes before starting inspection. Further,
check that the LED monitor is unlit, and check the DC link bus voltage between the P (+)
and N (-) terminals to be lower than 25 VDC.
Otherwise, electric shock could occur.
• Maintenance, inspection, and parts replacement should be made only by qualified persons.
• Take off the watch, rings and other metallic matter before starting work.
• Use insulated tools.
Otherwise, electric shock or injuries could occur.
Disposal
• Handle the inverter as an industrial waste when disposing of it.
Otherwise injuries could occur.
Others
• Never attempt to modify the inverter.
Doing so could cause electric shock or injuries.
GENERAL PRECAUTIONS
Drawings in this manual may be illustrated without covers or safety shields for explanation of
detail parts. Restore the covers and shields in the original state and observe the description in
the manual before starting operation.
vi
Conformity to the Low Voltage Directive in the EU
If installed according to the guidelines given below, inverters marked with CE or TÜV are considered
as compliant with the Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC.
1. The ground terminal G should always be connected to the ground. Do not use only a
residual-current-operated protective device (RCD)/earth leakage circuit breaker (ELCB)* as
the sole method of electric shock protection. Be sure to use ground wires whose size is
greater than power supply lines.
* With overcurrent protection.
2. When used with the inverter, a molded case circuit breaker (MCCB), residual-current-operated protective device (RCD)/earth leakage circuit breaker (ELCB) or
magnetic contactor (MC) should conform to the EN or IEC standards.
3. When you use a residual-current-operated protective device (RCD)/earth leakage circuit
breaker (ELCB) for protection from electric shock in direct or indirect contact power lines or
nodes, be sure to install type B of RCD/ELCB on the input (primary) of the inverter if the
power source is three-phase 200/400 V. For single-phase 200 V power supplies, use type
A.
When you use no RCD/ELCB, take any other protective measure that isolates the electric
equipment from other equipment on the same power supply line using double or reinforced
insulation or that isolates the power supply lines connected to the electric equipment using
an isolation transformer.
4. The inverter should be used in an environment that does not exceed Pollution Degree 2
requirements. If the environment conforms to Pollution Degree 3 or 4, install the inverter in
an enclosure of IP54 or higher.
5. Install the inverter, AC or DC reactor, input or output filter in an enclosure with minimum
degree of protection of IP2X (Top surface of enclosure shall be minimum IP4X when it can
be easily accessed), to prevent human body from touching directly to live parts of these
equipment.
6. To make an inverter with no integrated EMC filter conform to the EMC directive, it is necessary to connect an external EMC filter to the inverter and install them properly so that the
entire equipment including the inverter conforms to the EMC directive.
7. Do not connect any copper wire directly to grounding terminals. Use crimp terminals with tin
or equivalent plating to connect them.
8. To connect the three-phase or single-phase 200 V class series of inverters to the power
supply in Overvoltage Category III or to connect the three-phase 400 V class series of inverters to the power supply in Overvoltage Category II or III, a supplementary insulation is
required for the control circuitry.
9. When using inverters at an altitude of more than 2000 m, note that the basic insulation
applies to the insulation degree of the control circuitry. At an altitude of more than 3000 m,
inverters cannot be used.
10. The power supply mains neutral has to be earthed for the three-phase 400 V class inverter.
vii
Conformity to the Low Voltage Directive in the EU (Continued)
Single-phase 200 V
Three-phase 400 V
Three-phase 200 V
Power supply voltage
11. Use wires listed in EN60204 Appendix C.
Applicable
motor
rating
(kW)
Inverter type
Recommended wire size (mm2 )
*2
*2
*1
Main circuit
DCR
Rated current (A)
*2
Control
power input
[P1,
of
[L1/R, L2/S, L3/T] Inverter P (+)] circuit
MCCB or RCD/ELCB
(30A,
output
[L1/L, L2/N]
Braking
[U, V, resistor 30B,
Grounding [ G]
30C)
W]
[P (+),
*3
*3
DB]
w/ DCR w/o DCR w/ DCR w/o DCR
0.1
FRN0.1C1„-2†
0.2
FRN0.2C1„-2†
0.4
FRN0.4C1„-2†
0.75
FRN0.75C1„-2†
10
1.5
FRN1.5C1„-2†**
16
2.2
FRN2.2C1„-2†**
3.7
FRN3.7C1„-2†**
0.4
FRN0.4C1„-4†
0.75
FRN0.75C1„-4†
1.5
FRN1.5C1„-4†**
10
2.2
FRN2.2C1„-4†**
16
3.7
4.0
FRN3.7C1„-4†**
FRN4.0C1„-4†**
0.1
FRN0.1C1„-7†
0.2
FRN0.2C1„-7†
0.4
FRN0.4C1„-7†
0.75
FRN0.75C1„-7†
10
16
1.5
FRN1.5C1„-7†
16
20
2.2
FRN2.2C1„-7†
20
35
6
10
20
6
10
6
6
2.5
2.5
2.5
4
4
2.5
2.5
2.5
0.5
2.5
0.5
20
35
6
2.5
20
6
10
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
0.5
4
4
6
4
MCCB: Molded case circuit breaker
RCD: Residual-current-operated protective device
ELCB: Earth leakage circuit breaker
Notes 1) A box („) in the above table replaces S or E depending on the enclosure.
2) A box (†) in the above table replaces A, C, E, or J depending on the shipping destination.
3) Asterisks (**) in the above table denote the following:
21: Braking resistor built-in type; None: Standard
*1 The frame size and model of the MCCB or RCD/ELCB (with overcurrent protection) will vary,
depending on the power transformer capacity. Refer to the related technical documentation for
details.
*2 The recommended wire size for main circuits is for the 70°C 600V PVC wires used at an ambient
temperature of 40°C.
*3 In the case of no DC reactor, the wire sizes are determined on the basis of the effective input
current calculated under the condition that the power supply capacity and impedance are 500 kVA
and 5%, respectively.
viii
Conformity to UL standards and Canadian standards (cUL certification)
If installed according to the guidelines given below, inverters marked with UL/cUL are considered as
compliant with the UL and CSA (cUL certified) standards.
1. Solid state motor overload protection (motor protection by electronic thermal overload relay)
is provided in each model.
Use function codes F10 to F12 to set the protection level.
2. Connect the power supply satisfying the characteristics shown in the table below as an input
power supply of the inverter.(Short circuit rating)
3. Use 75°C Cu wire only.
4. Use Class 1 wire only for control circuits.
5. Field wiring connections must be made by a UL Listed and CSA Certified closed-loop terminal connector sized for the wire gauge involved. Connector must be fixed using the crimp
tool specified by the connector manufacturer.
Short circuit rating
Suitable for use on a circuit capable of delivering not more than B rms symmetrical amperes, A
volts maximum.
Singlephase
100V
Singlephase
200V
Threephase
400V
Threephase
200V
Power
supply
voltage
Inverter type
FRN0.1C1„-2†
FRN0.2C1„-2†
FRN0.4C1„-2†
FRN0.75C1„-2†
FRN1.5C1„-2†**
FRN2.2C1„-2†**
FRN3.7C1„-2†**
FRN0.4C1„-4†
FRN0.75C1„-4†
FRN1.5C1„-4†**
FRN2.2C1„-4†**
FRN3.7C1„-4†**
FRN4.0C1„-4†**
FRN0.1C1„-7†
FRN0.2C1„-7†
FRN0.4C1„-7†
FRN0.75C1„-7†
FRN1.5C1„-7†
FRN2.2C1„-7†
FRN0.1C1„-6†
FRN0.2C1„-6†
FRN0.4C1„-6†
FRN0.75C1„-6†
Power supply max. voltage A
Power supply current B
240 VAC
100,000 A or less
480 VAC
100,000 A or less
240 VAC
100,000 A or less
120 VAC
65,000 A or less
Notes 1) A box („) in the above table replaces S or E depending on the enclosure.
2) A box (†) in the above table replaces A, C, E, or J depending on the shipping destination.
3) Asterisks (**) in the above table denote the following:
21: Braking resistor built-in type; None: Standard
ix
Conformity to UL standards and Canadian standards (cUL certification) (Continued)
Power
supply
voltage
Required torque
Ib-in (N·m)
Inverter type
Wire size
AWG or kcmil (mm2)
Control circuit
Main
terminal
Control circuit
Main
*2
*2
*1
*1
TERM2-1 terminal
TERM2-1
TERM1
TERM1
TERM2-2
TERM2-2
Three-phase
200V
FRN0.1C1„-2†
FRN0.2C1„-2†
FRN0.4C1„-2†
3
FRN2.2C1„-2†**
6
10.6
(1.2)
3.5
(0.4)
FRN0.75C1„-2†
FRN1.5C1„-2†**
1.8
(0.2)
14
20
(0.5)
15.9
(1.8)
40
Three-phase
400V
3
FRN0.75C1„-4†
6
15.9
(1.8)
3.5
(0.4)
1.8
(0.2)
14
20
(0.5)
FRN3.7C1„-4†**
FRN4 0C1„-4†**
Single-phase
200V
FRN0.4C1„-7†
Single-phase
100V
FRN2.2C1„-7†
6
3.5
(0.4)
1.8
(0.2)
14
20
(0.5)
FRN0.4C1„-6†
10
15
30
15.9
(1.8)
40
10
FRN0.1C1„-6†
FRN0.2C1„-6†
15
6
10.6
(1.2)
FRN0.75C1„-7†
FRN1.5C1„-7†
10
20
FRN0.1C1„-7†
FRN0.2C1„-7†
15
30
10
FRN0.4C1„-4†
FRN2.2C1„-4†**
10
20
FRN3.7C1„-2†**
FRN1.5C1„-4†**
Class J fuse
current (A)
6. Install UL certified fuses between the power supply and the inverter, referring to the table
below.
6
10.6
(1.2)
3.5
(0.4)
1.8
(0.2)
14
FRN0.75C1„-6†
20
(0.5)
10
15
30
Notes 1) A box („) in the above table replaces S or E depending on the enclosure.
2) A box (†) in the above table replaces A, C, E, or J depending on the shipping destination.
3) Asterisks (**) in the above table denote the following:
21: Braking resistor built-in type; None: Standard
*1 Denotes the relay contact terminals for [30A], [30B] and [30C].
*2 Denotes control terminals except for [30A], [30B] and [30C].
x
„ Precautions for use
Driving a 400 V
general-purpose
motor
When driving a 400 V general-purpose motor with an inverter
using extremely long wires, damage to the insulation of the
motor may occur. Use an output circuit filter (OFL) if necessary after checking with the motor manufacturer. Fuji motors
do not require the use of output circuit filters because of their
good insulation.
Torque characteristics and
temperature rise
When the inverter is used to run a general-purpose motor, the
temperature of the motor becomes higher than when it is
operated using a commercial power supply. In the low-speed
range, the cooling effect will be weakened, so decrease the
output torque of the motor. If constant torque is required in
the low-speed range, use a Fuji inverter motor or a motor
equipped with an externally powered ventilating fan.
In running
generalpurpose
motors
When an inverter-driven motor is mounted to a machine,
resonance may be caused by the natural frequencies of the
machine system.
Vibration
Note that operation of a 2-pole motor at 60 Hz or higher may
cause abnormal vibration.
* The use of a rubber coupling or vibration dampening rubber
is recommended.
* Use the inverter's jump frequency control feature to skip
the resonance frequency zone(s).
In running
special motors
Noise
When an inverter is used with a general-purpose motor, the
motor noise level is higher than that with a commercial power
supply. To reduce noise, raise carrier frequency of the inverter. Operation at 60 Hz or higher can also result in higher
noise level.
High-speed motors
If the reference frequency is set to 120 Hz or more to drive a
high-speed motor, test-run the combination of the inverter
and motor beforehand to check for safe operation.
Explosion-proof
motors
When driving an explosion-proof motor with an inverter, use a
combination of a motor and an inverter that has been approved in advance.
Submersible motors and pumps
Brake motors
These motors have a larger rated current than general-purpose motors. Select an inverter whose rated output
current is greater than that of the motor.
These motors differ from general-purpose motors in thermal
characteristics. Set a low value in the thermal time constant
of the motor when setting the electronic thermal function.
For motors equipped with parallel-connected brakes, their
braking power must be supplied from the input (primary)
circuit. If the brake power is connected to the inverter's output
(secondary) circuit by mistake, the brake will not work.
Do not use inverters for driving motors equipped with series-connected brakes.
xi
In running
special
motors
Geared motors
If the power transmission mechanism uses an oil-lubricated
gearbox or speed changer/reducer, then continuous motor
operation at low speed may cause poor lubrication. Avoid
such operation.
Synchronous motors
It is necessary to take special measures suitable for this
motor type. Contact your Fuji Electric representative for details.
Single-phase
motors
Single-phase motors are not suitable for inverter-driven
variable speed operation. Use three-phase motors.
* Even if a single-phase power supply is available, use a
three-phase motor as the inverter provides three-phase
output.
Use the inverter within the ambient temperature range from
-10 to +50°C.
Environmental conditions
Installation location
The heat sink and braking resistor of the inverter may become hot under certain operating conditions, so install the
inverter on nonflammable material such as metal.
Ensure that the installation location meets the environmental
conditions specified in Chapter 2, Section 2.1 "Operating
Environment."
Installing an
MCCB or
RCD/ELCB
Installing an MC
in the secondary
circuit
Combination with
peripheral
devices
Install a recommended molded case circuit breaker (MCCB)
or residual-current-operated protective device (RCD)/earth
leakage circuit breaker (ELCB) (with overcurrent protection)
in the input (primary) circuit of the inverter to protect the
wiring. Ensure that the circuit breaker capacity is equivalent
to or lower than the recommended capacity.
If a magnetic contactor (MC) is mounted in the inverter's
secondary circuit for switching the motor to commercial
power or for any other purpose, ensure that both the inverter
and the motor are completely stopped before you turn the MC
on or off.
Do not connect a magnet contactor united with a surge killer
to the inverter's secondary circuit.
Installing an MC
in the primary
circuit
Protecting the
motor
Do not turn the magnetic contactor (MC) in the input (primary)
circuit on or off more than once an hour as an inverter failure
may result.
If frequent starts or stops are required during motor opera/
keys.
tion, use FWD/REV signals or the
The electronic thermal function of the inverter can protect the
motor. The operation level and the motor type (general-purpose motor, inverter motor) should be set. For
high-speed motors or water-cooled motors, set a small value
for the thermal time constant and protect the motor.
If you connect the motor thermal relay to the motor with a
long wire, a high-frequency current may flow into the wiring
stray capacitance. This may cause the relay to trip at a current lower than the set value for the thermal relay. If this
happens, lower the carrier frequency or use the output circuit
filter (OFL).
xii
Combination with
peripheral
devices
Discontinuance
of power-factor
correcting capacitor
Do not mount power-factor correcting capacitors in the inverter’s primary circuit. (Use the DC reactor to improve the
inverter power factor.) Do not use power-factor correcting
capacitors in the inverter output circuit. An overcurrent trip
will occur, disabling motor operation.
Discontinuance
of surge killer
Do not connect a surge killer to the inverter's secondary
circuit.
Reducing noise
Use of a filter and shielded wires is typically recommended to
satisfy EMC directives.
Measures against
surge currents
If an overvoltage trip occurs while the inverter is stopped or
operated under a light load, it is assumed that the surge
current is generated by open/close of the phase-advancing
capacitor in the power system.
* Connect a DC reactor to the inverter.
Wiring
Megger test
When checking the insulation resistance of the inverter, use a
500 V megger and follow the instructions contained in
Chapter 7, Section 7.4 "Insulation Test."
Control circuit
wiring length
When using remote control, limit the wiring length between
the inverter and operator box to 20 m or less and use twisted
pair or shielded cable.
Wiring length
between inverter
and motor
If long wiring is used between the inverter and the motor, the
inverter will overheat or trip as a result of overcurrent
(high-frequency current flowing into the stray capacitance) in
the wires connected to the phases. Ensure that the wiring is
shorter than 50 m. If this length must be exceeded, lower the
carrier frequency or mount an output circuit filter (OFL).
Wiring size
Select wires with a sufficient capacity by referring to the
current value or recommended wire size.
Wiring type
Do not use one multicore cable in order to connect several
inverters with motors.
Grounding
Selecting
inverter
capacity
Driving general-purpose
motor
Driving special
motors
Transportation and
storage
Securely ground the inverter using the grounding terminal.
Select an inverter according to the nominal applied motor
listed in the standard specifications table for the inverter.
When high starting torque is required or quick acceleration or
deceleration is required, select an inverter with a capacity
one size greater than the standard.
Select an inverter that meets the following condition:
Inverter rated current > Motor rated current
When exporting an inverter built in a panel or equipment, pack them in a previously
fumigated wooden crate. Do not fumigate them after packing since some parts
inside the inverter may be corroded by halogen compounds such as methyl bromide used in fumigation.
When packing an inverter alone for export, use a laminated veneer lumber (LVL).
For other transportation and storage instructions, see Chapter 1, Section 1.3
"Transportation" and Section 1.4 "Storage Environment."
xiii
How this manual is organized
This manual is made up of chapters 1 through 11.
Chapter 1 BEFORE USING THE INVERTER
This chapter describes acceptance inspection and precautions for transportation and storage of the
inverter.
Chapter 2 MOUNTING AND WIRING OF THE INVERTER
This chapter provides operating environment, precautions for installing the inverter, wiring instructions for the motor and inverter.
Chapter 3 OPERATION USING THE KEYPAD
This chapter describes inverter operation using the keypad. The inverter features three operation
modes (Running, Programming and Alarm modes) which enable you to run and stop the motor,
monitor running status, set function code data, display running information required for maintenance,
and display alarm data.
Chapter 4 OPERATION
This chapter describes preparation to be made before running the motor for a test and practical
operation.
Chapter 5 FUNCTION CODES
This chapter provides a list of the function codes. Function codes to be used often and irregular ones
are described individually.
Chapter 6 TROUBLESHOOTING
This chapter describes troubleshooting procedures to be followed when the inverter malfunctions or
detects an alarm condition. In this chapter, first check whether any alarm code is displayed or not,
and then proceed to the troubleshooting items.
Chapter 7 MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION
This chapter describes inspection, measurement and insulation test which are required for safe
inverter operation. It also provides information about periodical replacement parts and guarantee of
the product.
Chapter 8 SPECIFICATIONS
This chapter lists specifications including output ratings, control system, external dimensions and
protective functions.
Chapter 9 LIST OF PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT AND OPTIONS
This chapter describes main peripheral equipment and options which can be connected to the
FRENIC-Mini series of inverters.
Chapter 10 APPLICATION OF DC REACTOR (DCRs)
This chapter describes a DC reactor that suppresses input harmonic component current.
Chapter 11 COMPLIANCE WITH STANDARDS
This chapter describes standards with which the FRENIC-Mini series of inverters comply.
xiv
Icons
The following icons are used throughout this manual.
This icon indicates information which, if not heeded, can result in the inverter not operating
to full efficiency, as well as information concerning incorrect operations and settings which
can result in accidents.
This icon indicates information that can prove handy when performing certain settings or
operations.
This icon indicates a reference to more detailed information.
xv
Table of Contents
Preface
............................................................i
„ Safety precautions................................................. ii
„ Precautions for use .............................................. xi
How this manual is organized ................................ xiv
Chapter 4 RUNNING THE MOTOR.....................4-1
4.1 Running the Motor for a Test ......................4-1
4.1.1 Inspection and preparation prior to
the operation......................................4-1
4.1.2 Turning on power and checking.........4-1
4.1.3 Preparation before running the
motor for a test--Setting function
code data...........................................4-2
4.1.4 Test run..............................................4-3
4.2 Operation....................................................4-3
Chapter 1 BEFORE USING THE INVERTER ..... 1-1
1.1 Acceptance Inspection............................... 1-1
1.2 External View and Terminal Blocks ............ 1-2
1.3 Transportation............................................ 1-2
1.4 Storage Environment ................................. 1-3
1.4.1 Temporary storage ............................ 1-3
1.4.2 Long-term storage............................. 1-3
Chapter 5 FUNCTION CODES............................5-1
5.1 Function Code Tables.................................5-1
5.2 Overview of Function Codes ....................5-13
Chapter 2 MOUNTING AND WIRING OF THE INVERTER............................................. 2-1
2.1 Operating Environment .............................. 2-1
2.2 Installing the Inverter.................................. 2-1
2.3 Wiring......................................................... 2-2
2.3.1 Removing the terminal block (TB)
covers ............................................... 2-2
2.3.2 Terminal arrangement and screw
specifications..................................... 2-3
2.3.3 Recommended wire sizes ................. 2-4
2.3.4 Wiring precautions ............................ 2-6
2.3.5 Wiring for main circuit terminals and
grounding terminals........................... 2-7
2.3.6 Replacing the main circuit terminal
block (TB) cover .............................. 2-13
2.3.7 Wiring for control circuit terminals ... 2-14
2.3.8 Switching of SINK/SOURCE
(jumper switch)................................ 2-21
2.3.9 Installing an RS-485 communications
card (option) .................................... 2-21
2.3.10 Replacing the control circuit terminal
block (TB) cover .............................. 2-22
2.3.11 Cautions relating to harmonic
component, noise, and leakage
current............................................. 2-23
Chapter 6 TROUBLESHOOTING........................6-1
6.1 Before Proceeding with Troubleshooting....6-1
6.2 If No Alarm Code Appears on the LED
Monitor .......................................................6-3
6.2.1 Motor is running abnormally ..............6-3
6.2.2 Problems with inverter settings ..........6-8
6.3 If an Alarm Code Appears on the LED
Monitor .......................................................6-9
6.4 If an Abnormal Pattern Appears on the
LED Monitor while No Alarm Code is
Displayed..................................................6-19
Chapter 7 MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION...7-1
7.1 Daily Inspection ..........................................7-1
7.2 Periodic Inspection .....................................7-1
7.3 Measurement of Electrical Amounts in
Main Circuit ................................................7-6
7.4 Insulation Test ............................................7-7
7.5 List of Periodical Replacement Parts..........7-8
7.6 Inquiries about Product and Guarantee......7-8
7.6.1 When making an inquiry ....................7-8
7.6.2 Product warranty................................7-8
Chapter 8 SPECIFICATIONS ..............................8-1
8.1 Standard Models ........................................8-1
8.1.1 Three-phase 200 V class series ........8-1
8.1.2 Three-phase 400 V class series ........8-2
8.1.3 Single-phase 200 V class series........8-3
8.1.4 Single-phase 100 V class series........8-4
8.2 Models Available on Order .........................8-5
8.2.1 EMC filter built-in type........................8-5
8.2.2 Braking resistor built-in type ..............8-5
8.3 Common Specifications ..............................8-6
8.4 Terminal Specifications...............................8-8
8.4.1 Terminal functions..............................8-8
8.4.2 Connection diagram in operation by
external signal inputs .........................8-8
8.5 External Dimensions ................................8-10
8.5.1 Standard models and models
available on order (braking resistor
built-in type) .....................................8-10
8.5.2 Models available on order
(EMC filter built-in type) ...................8-12
8.6 Protective Functions.................................8-14
Chapter 3 OPERATION USING THE KEYPAD... 3-1
3.1 Keys, Potentiometer, and LED on the
Keypad....................................................... 3-1
3.2 Overview of Operation Modes ................... 3-2
3.2.1 Running mode................................... 3-4
[1]
Monitoring the running status......... 3-4
[2]
Setting up frequency, etc................ 3-6
[3]
Running/stopping the motor........... 3-9
[4]
Jogging (inching) the motor ......... 3-10
3.2.2 Programming mode..........................3-11
[1]
Setting function codes
– "Data Setting"............................ 3-13
[2]
Checking changed function codes
– "Data Checking"........................ 3-17
[3]
Monitoring the running status
– "Drive Monitoring" ..................... 3-19
[4]
Checking I/O signal status
– "I/O Checking"........................... 3-23
[5]
Reading maintenance information
– "Maintenance Information" ........ 3-27
[6]
Reading alarm information
– "Alarm Information" ................... 3-29
3.2.3 Alarm mode..................................... 3-32
Chapter 9 LIST OF PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT
AND OPTIONS ...................................9-1
xvi
Chapter 10 APPLICATION OF DC REACTORS
(DCRs) ............................................. 10-1
Chapter 11 COMPLIANCE WITH STANDARDS . 11-1
11.1 Compliance with UL Standards and
Canadian Standards (cUL certification).... 11-1
11.1.1 General ........................................... 11-1
11.1.2 Considerations when using
FRENIC-Mini in systems to be
certified by UL and cUL ................... 11-1
11.2 Compliance with European Standards ..... 11-1
11.3 Compliance with EMC Standards............. 11-2
11.3.1 General ........................................... 11-2
11.3.2 Recommended installation
procedure ........................................ 11-2
11.3.3 Leakage current of EMC-filter built-in
type inverter and outboard
EMC-complaint filter ........................ 11-5
11.4 Harmonic Component Regulation
in the EU .................................................. 11-7
11.4.1 General comments .......................... 11-7
11.4.2 Compliance with the harmonic
component regulation...................... 11-8
11.5 Compliance with the Low Voltage
Directive in the EU ................................... 11-8
11.5.1 General ........................................... 11-8
11.5.2 Points for consideration when using
the FRENIC-Mini series in a system
to be certified by the Low Voltage
Directive in the EU........................... 11-8
xvii
Chapter 1
BEFORE USING THE INVERTER
1.1 Acceptance Inspection
Unpack the package and check that:
(1) An inverter and instruction manual (this manual) is contained in the package.
(2) The inverter has not been damaged during transportation—there should be no dents or parts
missing.
(3) The inverter is the model you ordered. You can check the model name and specifications on the
main nameplate. (Main and sub nameplates are attached to the inverter and are located as
shown on the following page.)
(a) Main Nameplate
(b) Sub Nameplate
Figure 1.1 Nameplates
TYPE: Type of inverter
Note: When "None" and "w/o braking resistor (standard)" are selected in the built-in option and brake in the
above codes, respectively, the type of inverter is written without the last 2 digits as a standard model.
SOURCE:
OUTPUT:
SER. No.:
Number of input phases (three-phase: 3PH, single-phase: 1PH), input voltage, input
frequency, input current
Number of output phases, rated output capacity, rated output voltage, output
frequency range, rated output current, overload capacity
Product number
71A123A0001Z
Serial number of production lot
Production month
1 to 9: January to September
X, Y, or Z: October, November, or December
Production year: Last digit of year
If you suspect the product is not working properly or if you have any questions about your product,
contact your Fuji Electric representative.
1-1
1.2 External View and Terminal Blocks
(1) External views
Control circuit
terminal block
cover
Sub
nameplate
Keypad
Main
nameplate
Control circuit
terminal bock cover
Main circuit
terminal block
cover
Main
nameplate
Figure 1.2 External Views of FRENIC-Mini
(2) View of terminals
Barrier for the RS-485
communications port*
Control signal cable port
DB, P1, P (+) and N (-) wire port
L1/R, L2/S, L3/T, U, V, W,
grounding wire port
L1/R, L2/S, L3/T, P1, P (+), N (-)
wire port
DB, U, V, W,
grounding wire port
Heat
sink
Cooling
fan
(a) FRN0.75C1S-2†
(b) FRN1.5C1S-2†
(* When connecting the RS-485 communications cable, remove the control
circuit terminal block cover and cut off the barrier provided in it using nippers.)
Note: A box (†) in the above model names replaces A, C, E, or J depending
on the shipping destination.
Figure 1.3 Bottom View of FRENIC-Mini
1.3 Transportation
• When carrying the inverter, always support its bottom at the front and rear sides with both hands.
Do not hold covers or individual parts only. You may drop the inverter or break it.
• Avoid applying excessively strong force to the terminal block covers as they are made of plastic
and are easily broken.
1-2
1.4 Storage Environment
1.4.1
Temporary storage
Store the inverter in an environment that satisfies the requirements listed in Table 1.1.
Table 1.1 Environmental Requirements for Storage and Transportation
Item
Requirements
Storage
1
temperature *
-25 to +70°C
Relative
humidity
5 to 95% *
Atmosphere
The inverter must not be exposed to dust, direct sunlight, corrosive or flammable
gases, oil mist, vapor, water drops or vibration. The atmosphere can contain only a
low level of salt. (0.01 mg/cm2 or less per year)
Atmospheric
pressure
86 to 106 kPa (in storage)
Locations where the inverter is not
subject to abrupt changes in
temperature that would result in the
formation of condensation or ice.
2
70 to 106 kPa (during transportation)
1
* Assuming a comparatively short storage period (e.g., during transportation or the like).
*2 Even if the humidity is within the specified requirements, avoid such places where the inverter will be
subjected to sudden changes in temperature that will cause condensation to form.
Precautions for temporary storage
(1) Do not leave the inverter directly on the floor.
(2) If the environment does not satisfy the specified requirements, wrap the inverter in an airtight
vinyl sheet or the like for storage.
(3) If the inverter is to be stored in an environment with a high level of humidity, put a drying agent
(such as silica gel) in the airtight package described in item (2).
1.4.2
Long-term storage
The long-term storage methods for the inverter vary largely according to the environment of the
storage site. General storage methods are described below.
(1) The storage site must satisfy the requirements specified for temporary storage.
However, for storage exceeding three months, the ambient temperature should be within the
range from -10 to +30 °C. This is to prevent the electrolytic capacitors in the inverter from
deteriorating.
(2) The inverter must be stored in a package that is airtight to protect it from moisture. Include a
drying agent inside the package to maintain the relative humidity inside the package to within
70%.
(3) If the inverter has been installed in the equipment or control board at a construction site where it
may be subjected to humidity, dust or dirt, then remove the inverter and store it in a suitable
environment specified in Table 1.1.
Precautions for storage over 1 year
If the inverter will not be powered on for a long time, the property of the electrolytic capacitors may
deteriorate. Power the inverters on once a year and keep them on for 30 to 60 minutes. Do not
connect the inverters to motors or run the motor.
1-3
Chapter 2
MOUNTING AND WIRING OF THE INVERTER
2.1 Operating Environment
Install the inverter in an environment that satisfies the requirements listed in Table 2.1.
Table 2.2 Output Current Derating Factor in
Relation to Altitude
Table 2.1 Environmental Requirements
Item
Specifications
Site location
Indoors
Ambient
temperature
-10 to +50°C (Note 1)
Relative
humidity
5 to 95% (No condensation)
Atmosphere
The inverter must not be exposed to dust,
direct sunlight, corrosive gases, flammable
gas, oil mist, vapor or water drops. (Note 2)
The atmosphere can contain only a low level
of salt.
(0.01 mg/cm2 or less per year)
The inverter must not be subjected to sudden
changes in temperature that will cause
condensation to form.
Altitude
1,000 m max. (Note 3)
Atmospheric
pressure
86 to 106 kPa
Vibration
3 mm (Max. amplitude)
9.8 m/s2
2 m/s2
1 m/s2
2 to less than 9 Hz
9 to less than 20 Hz
20 to less than 55 Hz
55 to less than 200 Hz
Altitude
Output current
derating factor
1000 m or lower
1.00
1000 to 1500 m
0.97
1500 to 2000 m
0.95
2000 to 2500 m
0.91
2500 to 3000 m
0.88
(Note 1) When inverters are mounted
side-by-side without any gap between them
or the NEMA1 kit option is mounted on the
inverter, the ambient temperature should be
within the range from -10 to +40°C.
(Note 2) Do not install the inverter in an
environment where it may be exposed to
cotton waste or moist dust or dirt which will
clog the heat sink in the inverter. If the
inverter is to be used in such an environment,
install it in the panel of your system or other
dustproof containers.
(Note 3) If you use the inverter in an altitude
above 1000 m, you should apply an output
current derating factor as listed in Table 2.2.
2.2 Installing the Inverter
(1) Mounting base
Top 100 mm
The temperature of the heat sink will rise up to
approx. 90°C during operation of the inverter, so
the inverter should be mounted on a base made
of material that can withstand temperatures of this
level.
Install the inverter on a base made of metal or
other non-flammable material.
A fire may result with other material.
Left
Right
10 mm
10 mm
(2) Clearances
Ensure that the minimum clearances indicated in
Figure 2.1 are maintained at all times. When
installing the inverter in the panel of your system,
take extra care with ventilation inside the panel as
the temperature around the inverter tends to
increase.
2-1
Bottom 100 mm
Figure 2.1 Mounting Direction and
Required Clearances
When mounting two or more inverters
When mounting two or more inverters in the same unit or panel, basically lay them out side by side.
As long as the ambient temperature is 40°C or lower, inverters can be mounted side by side without
any clearance between them. When mounting the inverters necessarily, one above the other, be
sure to separate them with a partition plate or the like so that any heat radiating from an inverter will
not affect the one(s) above.
(3) Mounting direction
Secure the inverter to the mounting base with four screws or bolts (M4) so that the FRENIC-Mini logo
faces outwards. Tighten those screws or bolts perpendicular to the mounting base.
Do not mount the inverter upside down or horizontally. Doing so will reduce the heat
dissipation efficiency of the inverter and cause the overheat protection function to operate,
so the inverter will not run.
Prevent lint, paper fibers, sawdust, dust, metallic chips, or other foreign materials from getting
into the inverter or from accumulating on the heat sink.
This may result in a fire or accident.
2.3 Wiring
Follow the procedure below. (In the following description, the inverter has already been installed.)
2.3.1
Removing the terminal block (TB) covers
(1) Removing the control circuit terminal block (TB) cover
Insert your finger in the cutout (near "PULL") in the bottom of the control circuit TB cover, then pull
the cover towards you.
(2) Removing the main circuit terminal block (TB) cover
Hold both sides of the main circuit TB cover between thumb and forefinger and slide it towards you.
Figure 2.2 Removing the Terminal Block (TB) Covers
2-2
2.3.2
Terminal arrangement and screw specifications
The figures below show the arrangement of the main and control circuit terminals which differs
according to inverter type. The two terminals prepared for grounding, which are indicated by the
symbol G in Figures A to D, make no distinction between the power supply side (primary circuit)
and the motor side (secondary circuit).
(1) Arrangement of the main circuit terminals
Table 2.3 Main Circuit Terminals
Power
supply
voltage
Threephase
200 V
Threephase
400 V
Singlephase
200 V
Singlephase
100 V
Nominal applied motor
(kW)
Inverter type
0.1
0.2
FRN0.1C1„-2†
FRN0.2C1„-2†
0.4
FRN0.4C1„-2†
0.75
FRN0.75C1„-2†
1.5
FRN1.5C1„-2†**
2.2
FRN2.2C1„-2†**
3.7
FRN3.7C1„-2†**
0.4
FRN0.4C1„-4†
0.75
FRN0.75C1„-4†
1.5
FRN1.5C1„-4†**
2.2
3.7
4.0
FRN2.2C1„-4†**
FRN3.7C1„-4†**
FRN4.0C1„-4†**
0.1
FRN0.1C1„-7†
0.2
FRN0.2C1„-7†
0.4
FRN0.4C1„-7†
0.75
FRN0.75C1„-7†
1.5
FRN1.5C1„-7†
2.2
FRN2.2C1„-7†
0.1
FRN0.1C1„-6†
0.2
FRN0.2C1„-6†
0.4
FRN0.4C1„-6†
0.75
FRN0.75C1„-6†
Terminal
screw size
Tightening
torque
(N·m)
Refer to:
M3.5
1.2
Figure A
M4
1.8
Figure B
M3.5
1.2
Figure C
M4
1.8
Figure D
M3.5
1.2
Figure C
Note 1) A box („) in the above table replaces S or E depending on the enclosure.
2) A box (†) in the above table replaces A, C, E, or J depending on the shipping destination.
3) Asterisks (**) in the above table denote the following:
21: Braking resistor built-in type, None: Standard
2-3
(2) Arrangement of the control circuit terminals (common to all FRENIC-Mini models)
Y1
Y1E
11
30A
30B
FMA
12
C1
13
PLC
11
CM
X1
X2
X3
FWD REV
CM
30C
Screw size: M 2 Tightening torque: 0.2 N•m
Screw size: M 2.5 Tightening torque: 0.4 N•m
Table 2.4 Control Circuit Terminals
Terminal
30A, 30B, 30C
Others
Screwdriver to be used
Allowable wire size
Bared wire
length
Dimension of openings in
the control circuit terminals for ferrule*
Phillips screwdriver
(JIS standard)
No.1 screw tip
AWG22 to AWG18
(0.34 to 0.75 mm2)
6 to 8 mm
2.7 mm (W) x 1.8 mm (H)
Phillips screwdriver for
precision machinery
(JCIS standard)
No.0 screw tip
AWG24 to AWG18
(0.25 to 0.75 mm2)
5 to 7 mm
1.7 mm (W) x 1.6 mm (H)
* Manufacturer of ferrules: WAGO Company of Japan, Ltd. Refer to Table 2.5.
Table 2.5 Recommended Ferrule Terminals
Type (216-†††)
Screw size
M2
Wire size
With insulated collar
Long type
Short type
Long type
321
301
151
131
AWG22 (0.34 mm )
322
302
152
132
AWG20 (0.50 mm2 )
221
201
121
101
AWG18 (0.75 mm2 )
222
202
122
102
AWG24 (0.25 mm2 )
2
M2 or M2.5
Without insulated collar
Short type
The length of bared wires to be inserted into ferrule terminals is 5.0 mm or 8.0 mm for the short or long type,
respectively.
The following crimping tool is recommended: Variocrimp 4 (Part No.: 206-204).
2.3.3
Recommended wire sizes
Table 2.6 lists the recommended wire sizes. The recommended wire sizes for the main circuits for an
ambient temperature of 50°C are indicated for two types of wire: HIV single wire (for 75°C) (before a
slash (/)) and IV single wire (for 60°C) (after a slash (/)),
2-4
Power supply voltage
Table 2.6 Recommended Wire Sizes
*1
Recommended wire size (mm2 )
Nominal
applied
motor
(kW)
Main circuit
Inverter type
Main circuit power input
[L1/R, L2/S, L3/T]
[L1/L, L2/N]
Grounding [ G]
Single-phase 100 V
Single-phase 200 V
Three-phase 400 V
Three-phase 200 V
w/ DCR
0.1
FRN0.1C1„-2†
0.2
FRN0.2C1„-2†
0.4
FRN0.4C1„-2†
0.75
FRN0.75C1„-2†
1.5
FRN1.5C1„-2†**
2.2
FRN2.2C1„-2†**
3.7
FRN3.7C1„-2†**
0.4
FRN0.4C1„-4†
0.75
FRN0.75C1„-4†
1.5
FRN1.5C1„-4†**
2.2
FRN2.2C1„-4†**
3.7
4.0
FRN3.7C1„-4†**
FRN4.0C1„-4†**
0.1
FRN0.1C1„-7†
0.2
FRN0.2C1„-7†
0.4
FRN0.4C1„-7†
0.75
FRN0.75C1„-7†
1.5
FRN1.5C1„-7†
2.2
FRN2.2C1„-7†
0.1
FRN0.1C1„-6†
0.2
FRN0.2C1„-6†
0.4
FRN0.4C1„-6†
0.75
FRN0.75C1„-6†
2.0 / 2.0
(2.5)
2.0 / 2.0
(2.5)
Inverter
output
[U, V, W]
DCR
[P1, P (+)]
2.0 / 2.0
(2.5)
2.0 / 2.0
(2.5)
2.0 / 2.0
(2.5)
2.0 / 5.5
(2.5)
2.0 / 3.5
(2.5)
2.0 / 3.5
(2.5)
2.0 / 2.0
(2.5)
2.0 / 2.0
(2.5)
2.0 / 2.0
(2.5)
*2
w/o DCR
Braking Control
resistor
circuit
[P (+), DB]
2.0 / 2.0
(2.5)
2.0 / 2.0
(2.5)
0.5
2.0 / 2.0
(2.5)
2.0 / 2.0
(2.5)
2.0 / 2.0
(2.5)
2.0 / 2.0
(2.5)
2.0 / 2.0
(2.5)
2.0 / 3.5
(4.0)
2.0 / 3.5
(4.0)
2.0 / 2.0
3.5 / 5.5
(6.0)
2.0 / 2.0
2.0 / 3.5
(4.0)
2.0 / 2.0
*3
2.0 / 2.0
2.0 / 3.5
DCR: DC reactor
*1 Use crimp terminals covered with an insulated sheath or insulating tube. Recommended wire sizes are
for HIV/IV (PVC in the EU).
*2 Wire sizes are calculated on the basis of input RMS current under the condition that the power supply
capacity and impedance are 500 kVA (50 kVA for single-phase 100 V class series) and 5%, respectively.
*3 For single-phase 100 V class series of inverters, use the same size of wires as used for the main circuit
power input. Insert the DC reactor (DCR) in either of the primary power input lines. Refer to Chapter 10
for more details.
Note 1) A box („) in the above table replaces S or E depending on the enclosure.
2) A box (†) in the above table replaces A, C, E, or J depending on the shipping destination.
3) Asterisks (**) in the above table denote the following:
21: Braking resistor built-in type, None: Standard
2-5
2.3.4
Wiring precautions
Follow the rules below when performing wiring for the inverter.
(1) Make sure that the source voltage is within the rated voltage range specified on the nameplate.
(2) Be sure to connect the power wires to the main circuit power input terminals L1/R, L2/S and
L3/T (for three-phase voltage input) or L1/L and L2/N (for single-phase voltage input) of the
inverter. If the power wires are connected to other terminals, the inverter will be damaged when
the power is turned on.
(3) Always connect the grounding terminal to prevent electric shock, fire or other disasters and to
reduce electric noise.
(4) Use crimp terminals covered with insulated sleeves for the main circuit terminal wiring to ensure
a reliable connection.
(5) Keep the power supply wiring (primary circuit) and motor wiring (secondary circuit) of the main
circuit, and control circuit wiring as far away as possible from each other.
•
When wiring the inverter to the power source, insert a recommended molded case circuit
breaker (MCCB) or residual-current-operated protective device (RCD)/earth leakage
circuit breaker (ELCB) (with overcurrent protection) in the path of power lines. Use the
devices within the related current range.
•
Use wires in the specified size.
•
Do not use one multicore cable in order to connect several inverters with motors.
•
Do not connect a surge killer to the inverter's output (secondary) circuit.
Otherwise, fire could occur.
Doing so could cause fire.
•
Be sure to connect the grounding wires without fail.
•
Qualified electricians should carry out wiring.
Otherwise, electric shock or fire could occur.
•
Be sure to perform wiring after turning the power off.
•
Ground the inverter following Class C or Class D specifications or national/local electric
code, depending on the input voltage of the inverter.
Otherwise, electric shock could occur.
•
Be sure to perform wiring after installing the inverter body.
Otherwise, electric shock or injuries could occur.
•
Ensure that the number of input phases and the rated voltage of the product match the
number of phases and the voltage of the AC power supply to which the product is to be
connected.
•
Do not connect the power source wires to output terminals (U, V, and W).
•
Do not connect a braking resistor to between terminals P (+) and N (-), P1 and N (-), P (+)
and P1, DB and N (-), or P1 and DB.
Otherwise, fire or an accident could occur.
Doing so could cause fire or an accident.
2-6
2.3.5
Wiring for main circuit terminals and grounding terminals
Follow the procedure below. Figure 2.3 illustrates the wiring procedure with peripheral equipment.
Wiring procedure
c
d
e
f
g
h
Grounding terminal
G*1
Inverter output terminals (U, V, and W) and grounding terminal
G*1
DC reactor connection terminals (P1 and P(+))*2
Braking resistor connection terminals (P(+) and DB)*2
DC link bus terminals (P(+) and N(-))*2
Main circuit power input terminals (L1/R, L2/S and L3/T) or (L1/L and L2/N)
*1 Use either one of these two grounding terminals on the main circuit terminal block.
*2 Perform wiring as necessary.
(This figure is a virtual representation.)
CAUTION: When wiring the inverter to the power
supply of 500 kVA or more (50 kVA or more for the
single-phase 100 V class series of inverters), be sure to
connect an optional DC reactor (DCR).
Figure 2.3 Wiring Procedure for Peripheral Equipment
2-7
The wiring procedure for the FRN0.75C1S-2† is given below as an example. For other inverter
types, perform wiring in accordance with their individual terminal arrangement. (Refer to page 2-3.)
c
Grounding terminal ( G)
Be sure to ground either of the two grounding terminals for safety and noise reduction. It is stipulated
by the Electric Facility Technical Standard that all metal frames of electrical equipment must be
grounded to avoid electric shock, fire and other disasters.
Grounding terminals should be grounded as follows:
1) Connect the grounding terminal of the 200 V or 400 V class
series of inverters to a ground electrode on which class D or C
grounding work has been completed, respectively, in conformity to the Electric Facility Technical Standard.
2) Connect a thick grounding wire with a large surface area and
which meets the grounding resistance requirements listed in
Table 2.7. Keep the wiring length as short as possible.
Table 2.7 Grounding Stipulated in the Electric Facility Technical Standard
Figure 2.4 Grounding Terminal
Wiring
Supply voltage
Grounding work class
Grounding resistance
Three-phase 200 V
Single-phase 200 V
Single-phase 100 V
Class D
100Ω or less
Three-phase 400 V
Class C
10Ω or less
Above requirements are for Japan. Ground the inverter
according to your national or local Electric code requirements.
d
Inverter output terminals, U, V, W and grounding terminal ( G)
1) Connect the three wires of the three-phase motor to terminals
U, V, and W, aligning phases each other.
2) Connect the grounding wire of terminals U, V, and W to the
grounding terminal ( G).
- The wiring length between the inverter and motor
should not exceed 50 m. If the wiring length exceeds
50 m, it is recommended that an output circuit filter
(option) be inserted.
- Do not use one multicore cable to connect several
Figure 2.5 Inverter Output Terminal Wiring
inverters with motors.
2-8
No output circuit filter inserted
Output circuit filter inserted
5 m or less
Power
supply
Power
supply
Motor
Inverter
Motor
Inverter
Output circuit filter
50 m or less
400 m or less
• Do not connect a power factor correcting capacitor or surge absorber to the inverter’s
output lines (secondary circuit).
• If the wiring length is long, the stray capacitance between the wires will increase,
resulting in an outflow of the leakage current. It will activate the overcurrent protection,
increase the leakage current, or will not assure the accuracy of the current display. In
the worst case, the inverter could be damaged.
• If more than one motor is to be connected to a single inverter, the wiring length should
be the length of the wires to the motors.
Driving 400 V series motor
• If a thermal relay is installed in the path between the inverter and the motor to protect
the motor from overheating, the thermal relay may malfunction even with a wiring
length shorter than 50 m. In this situation, add an output circuit filter (option) or lower
the carrier frequency (Function code F26: Motor sound (Sound tune)).
• If the motor is driven by a PWM-type inverter, surge voltage that is generated by
switching the inverter component may be superimposed on the output voltage and
may be applied to the motor terminals. Particularly if the wiring length is long, the surge
voltage may deteriorate the insulation resistance of the motor. Consider any of the
following measures.
- Use a motor with insulation that withstands the surge voltage. (All Fuji standard
motors feature insulation that withstands the surge voltage.)
- Connect an output circuit filter (option) to the output terminals (secondary circuits) of
the inverter.
- Minimize the wiring length between the inverter and motor (10 to 20 m or less).
Wiring length for EMC filter built-in type
• When the wiring length between the inverter and motor exceeds 10 m, the filter circuit
may be overheated and damaged due to increase of leakage current. To reduce the
leakage current, set the motor sound (carrier frequency) to 2 kHz or below with function code F26.
2-9
e
DC reactor terminals, P1 and P (+)
1)
Remove the jumper bar from terminals P1 and P(+).
2)
Connect a DC reactor (option) to terminals P1 and P(+).
• The wiring length should be 10 m or below.
• If both a DC reactor and a braking resistor are to be connected to the inverter, secure
both wires of the DC reactor and braking resistor together to terminal P(+). (Refer to
item f on the next page.)
• Do not remove the jumper bar if a DC reactor is not going to be used.
When wiring the inverter to the power supply of 500 kVA or more (50 kVA or more for the single-phase 100 V class series of inverters), be sure to connect an optional DC reactor (DCR).
Otherwise, fire could occur.
Figure 2.6 DC Reactor Connection
2-10
f
Braking resistor terminals, P(+) and DB
1)
Connect terminals P and DB of a braking resistor to terminals P(+) and DB on the main circuit
terminal block. (For the braking resistor built-in type, refer to the next page.)
2)
When using an external braking resistor, arrange the inverter and braking resistor to keep the
wiring length to 5 m or less and twist the two wires or route them together in parallel.
Do not connect a braking resistor to any inverter with a rated capacity of 0.2 kW or below.
(Even if connected, the braking resistor will not work.)
Never insert a braking resistor between terminals P(+) and N(-), P1 and N(-), P(+) and P1, DB
and N(-), or P1 and DB.
Doing so could cause fire.
When a DC reactor is not to be connected together with
the braking resistor
1) Remove the screws from terminals P(+) and P1, together
with the jumper bar.
2) Connect the wire from terminal P of the braking resistor to
terminal P(+) of the inverter and put the jumper bar back
into place. Then secure the wire and jumper bar with the
screw.
3) Tighten the screw of terminal P1 on the jumper bar.
4) Connect the wire from terminal DB of the braking resistor
to the DB of the inverter.
Figure 2.7 Braking Resistor Connection without DC
Reactor
When connecting a DC reactor together with the braking
resistor
1) Remove the screw from terminal P(+).
2) Overlap the DC reactor wire and braking resistor wire (P)
as shown at left and then secure them to terminal P(+) of
the inverter with the screw.
3) Connect the wire from terminal DB of the braking resistor
to terminal DB of the inverter.
4) Do not use the jumper bar.
Figure 2.8 Braking Resistor Connection with DC Reactor
2-11
When using a braking resistor built-in type
A built-in braking resistor is connected to terminals P(+) and DB at the factory as shown below.
If you want to connect a DC reactor together with the
built-in braking resistor, follow the instructions given on
the previous page.
- If both wires of the built-in braking resistor
have been disconnected, you may connect them to terminals P(+) and DB in
either combination.
- The braking resistor built-in type is available only in three-phase 200 V and
three-phase 400 V models of 1.5 kW or
more.
Figure 2.9 Built-in Braking Resistor Connection
(This example shows the braking resistor
built-in type FRN1.5C1S-2†21)
Note: A box (†) in the above model name replaces
A, C, E, or J depending on the shipping destination.
Never insert a braking resistor between terminals P(+) and N(-), P1 and N(-), P(+) and P1, DB
and N(-), or P1 and DB.
Doing so could cause fire.
g
DC link bus terminals, P (+) and N (-)
These are provided for the DC link bus powered system. Connect these terminals with terminals P(+)
and N (-) of other inverters.
Consult your Fuji Electric representative if these terminals are to be used.
2-12
h
Main circuit power input terminals, L1/R, L2/S, and L3/T (for three-phase voltage input)
or L1/L and L2/N (for single-phase voltage input)
1) For safety, make sure that the molded case circuit breaker
(MCCB) or magnetic contactor (MC) is turned off before
wiring the main circuit power input terminals.
2) Connect the main circuit power supply wires (L1/R, L2/S
and L3/T or L1/L and L2/N) to the input terminals of the
inverter via an MCCB or residual-current-operated protective device (RCD)/earth leakage circuit breaker
(ELCB)*, and MC if necessary.
It is not necessary to align phases of the power supply
wires and the input terminals of the inverter with each
other.
* With overcurrent protection
Figure 2.10 Main Circuit Power Input
Terminal Connection
2.3.6
It is recommended that a magnetic contactor be
inserted that can be manually activated. This is to
allow you to disconnect the inverter from the power
supply in an emergency (e.g., when the protective
function is activated) so as to prevent a failure or
accident from causing the secondary problems.
Replacing the main circuit terminal block (TB) cover
1) As shown in Figure 2.11, pull out the wires from the main circuit terminals in parallel.
2) Hold both sides of the main circuit TB cover between thumb and forefinger and slide it back
into place. Pull the wires out through the grooves of the main circuit TB cover.
Replace the main circuit TB cover, taking care not to apply any stress to the wires. Applying
stress to the wires will impose a mechanical force on the screws on the main circuit terminals, which may loosen the screws.
Figure 2.11 Putting Back the Main Circuit Terminal Block (TB) Cover
2-13
2.3.7
Wiring for control circuit terminals
In general, sheaths and covers of the control signal cables and wires are not specifically designed to
withstand a high electric field (i.e., reinforced insulation is not applied). Therefore, if a control signal
cable or wire comes into direct contact with a live conductor of the main circuit, the insulation of the
sheath or the cover might break down, which would expose the signal wire to a high voltage of the main
circuit. Make sure that the control signal cables and wires will not come into contact with live conductors
of the main circuit.
Failure to observe these precautions could cause electric shock and/or an accident.
Noise may be emitted from the inverter, motor and wires.
Implement appropriate measure to prevent the nearby sensors and devices from malfunctioning
due to such noise.
An accident could occur.
Table 2.8 lists the symbols, names and functions of the control circuit terminals. The wiring to the control circuit terminals
differs depending upon the setting of the function codes,
which reflects the use of the inverter.
Put back the main circuit TB cover and then connect wires to
the control circuit terminals. As shown in Figure 2.12, pull the
wires out through the guides on the main circuit TB cover.
Route these wires correctly to reduce the influence of noise,
referring to the notes on the following pages.
Figure 2.12 Example of Control
Circuit Wiring
2-14
Symbol
Name
Functions
[13]
Potentiometer
power
supply
Power supply (+10 VDC) for frequency command potentiometer (Potentiometer: 1 to 5 kΩ)
Allowable output current: 10 mA
[12]
Voltage
input
(1) The frequency is commanded according to the external analog input
voltage.
0 to +10 (VDC)/0 to 100 (%) (Normal mode operation)
+10 to 0 (VDC)/0 to 100 (%) (Inverse mode operation)
(2) Used for reference signal (PID process command) or PID feedback
signal.
(3) Used as additional auxiliary setting for various main frequency commands.
* Input impedance: 22 kΩ
* Allowable maximum input voltage is +15 VDC. If the input voltage is +10
VDC or more, the inverter will limit it at +10 VDC.
[C1]
Current
input
(1) The frequency is commanded according to the external analog input
current.
A potentiometer of 1/2 W rating or more should be connected.
+4 to +20 (mA DC)/0 to 100 (%) (Normal mode operation)
+20 to +4 (mA DC)/0 to 100 (%) (Inverse mode operation)
Analog input
Classification
Table 2.8 Symbols, Names and Functions of the Control Circuit Terminals
(2) Used for reference signal (PID process command) or PID feedback
signal.
(3) Connects PTC (Positive Temperature Coefficient) thermistor for motor
protection.
(4) Used as additional auxiliary setting to various main frequency commands.
* Input impedance: 250 Ω
* Allowable input current is +30 mA DC. If the input current exceeds +20
mA DC, the inverter will limit it at +20 mA DC.
[11]
Analog
common
Common terminal for analog input and output signals
This terminal is electrically isolated from terminals [CM] and [Y1E].
2-15
Classification
Table 2.8 Continued
Symbol
Name
Functions
- Since weak analog signals are handled, these signals are especially susceptible
to the external noise effects. Route the wiring as short as possible (within 20 m)
and use shielded wires. In principle, ground the shielding layer of the shielded
wires; if effects of external inductive noises are considerable, connection to
terminal [11] may be effective. As shown in Figure 2.13, ground the single end of
the shield to enhance the shielding effect.
Analog input
- Use a twin contact relay for weak signals if the relay is used in the control circuit.
Do not connect the relay's contact to terminal [11].
- When the inverter is connected to an external device outputting the analog
signal, a malfunction may be caused by electric noise generated by the inverter.
If this happens, according to the circumstances, connect a ferrite core (a toroidal
core or an equivalent) to the device outputting the analog signal and/or connect a
capacitor having the good cut-off characteristics for high frequency between
control signal wires as shown in Figure 2.14.
- Do not apply a voltage of +7.5 VDC or higher to terminal [C1]. Doing so could
damage the internal control circuit.
Figure 2.13 Connection of Shielded Wire
Figure 2.14 Example of Electric Noise Prevention
2-16
Symbol
Name
Functions
[X1]
Digital
input 1
[X2]
Digital
input 2
(1) The various signals such as coast-to-stop, alarm from external equipment, and multi-frequency selection can be assigned to terminals [X1] to
[X3], [FWD] and [REV] by setting function codes E01 to E03, E98, and
E99. For details, refer to Chapter 5, Section 5.2 "Overview of Function
Codes."
[X3]
Digital
input 3
(2) Input mode, i.e. Sink/Source, is changeable by using the internal jumper
switch.
[FWD]
Forward
operation
command
(3) Switches the logic value (1/0) for ON/OFF of the terminals between [X1]
to [X3], [FWD] or [REV], and [CM]. If the logic value for ON between [X1]
and [CM] is 1 in the normal logic system, for example, OFF is 1 in the
negative logic system and vice versa.
[REV]
Reverse
operation
command
(4) The negative logic signaling cannot be applicable to [FWD] and [REV].
Digital input circuit specifications
Digital input
Classification
Table 2.8 Continued
Item
Min.
Operation ON level
voltage
OFF level
(SINK)
0V
2V
22 V
27 V
22 V
27 V
0V
2V
Operation ON level
voltage
(SOURCE) OFF level
Max.
Operation current at ON
2.5 mA 5 mA
(Input Voltage at 0 V)
Allowable leakage
current at OFF
[PLC]
[CM]
PLC
signal
power
Connects to PLC output signal power supply.
Digital
common
Common terminal for digital input signals
-
0.5 mA
Rated voltage: +24 VDC (Allowable range: +22 to +27 VDC), Max. 50 mA
This terminal serves also as a transistor output one.
This terminal is electrically isolated from terminals [11] and [Y1E].
2-17
Classification
Table 2.8 Continued
Symbol
Name
Functions
„ Turning on or off [X1], [X2], [X3], [FWD], or [REV] using a relay contact
Figure 2.15 shows two examples of a circuit that turns on or off control signal input [X1],
[X2], [X3], [FWD], or [REV] using a relay contact. Circuit (a) has a connecting jumper
applied to SINK, whereas circuit (b) has one that is applied to SOURCE.
Note: To configure this kind of circuit, use a highly reliable relay
(Recommended product: Fuji control relay Model HH54PW.)
(b) With a jumper applied to SOURCE
(a) With a jumper applied to SINK
Figure 2.15 Circuit Configuration Using a Relay Contact
Digital input
„ Turning on or off [X1], [X2], [X3], [FWD], or [REV] using a programmable logic
controller (PLC)
Figure 2.16 shows two examples of a circuit that turns on or off control signal input [X1],
[X2], [X3], [FWD], or [REV] using a programmable logic controller (PLC). Circuit (a) has a
connecting jumper applied to SINK, whereas circuit (b) has one that is applied to
SOURCE.
In circuit (a) below, short-circuiting or opening the transistor's open collector circuit in the
PLC using an external power source turns on or off control signal [X1], [X2], [X3], [FWD],
or [REV]. When using this type of circuit, observe the following:
- Connect the + node of the external power source (which should be isolated from the
PLC's power) to terminal [PLC] of the inverter.
- Do not connect terminal [CM] of the inverter to the common terminal of the PLC.
(a) With a jumper applied to SINK
(b) With a jumper applied to SOURCE
Figure 2.16 Circuit Configuration Using a PLC
For details about the jumper setting, refer to Section 2.3.8 "Switching of
SINK/SOURCE (jumper switch)."
2-18
Symbol
Name
Functions
[FMA]
Analog
monitor
The monitor signal for analog DC voltage (0 to +10 VDC) is output. The
signal functions can be selected from the following with function code F31.
- Output frequency (before slip compensation)
- Output frequency (after slip compensation)
- Output current
- Output voltage
- Input power
- PID feedback amount
- DC link bus voltage
- Calibration
*Input impedance of external device: Min. 5 kΩ
[11]
Analog
common
Common terminal for analog input and output signals
Transistor
output
(1) Various signals such as inverter running, speed/freq. arrival and overload early warning can be assigned to the terminal [Y1] by setting
function code E20. Refer to Chapter 5, Section 5.2 "Overview of Function Codes" for details.
Analog output
Classification
Table 2.8 Continued
[Y1]
This terminal is electrically isolated from terminals [CM] and [Y1E].
(2) Switches the logic value (1/0) for ON/OFF of the terminals between [Y1]
and [Y1E]. If the logic value for ON between [Y1] and [Y1E] is 1 in the
normal logic system, for example, OFF is 1 in the negative logic system
and vice versa.
Digital input circuit specification
Item
Transistor output
Operation
voltage
Max.
ON level
2V
OFF level
27 V
Maximum load current
at ON
50 mA
Leakage current at OFF
0.1 mA
Figure 2.17 shows examples of connection between the control circuit and a
PLC.
- Check the polarity of the external power inputs.
- When connecting a control relay, first connect a surge-absorbing
diode across the coil of the relay.
[PLC]
Transistor
output
power
Power source of +24 VDC to be fed to the transistor output circuit load (50mA
at maximum).
To enable the source, it is necessary to short-circuit between terminals [Y1E]
and [CM].
Can also be used as a 24 VDC power source.
This terminal serves also as a digital input one.
[Y1E]
Transistor
output
common
Common terminal for transistor output signal
This terminal is electrically Isolated from terminals [CM] and [11].
2-19
Classification
Table 2.8 Continued
Symbol
Name
Functions
„ Connecting Programmable Controller (PLC) to Terminal [Y1]
Transistor output
Figure 2.18 shows two examples of circuit connection between the transistor output of the
inverter’s control circuit and a PLC. In example (a), the input circuit of the PLC serves as
the sink for the control circuit, whereas in example (b), it serves as the source for the
control circuit.
(a) PLC serving as Sink
(b) PLC serving as Source
Communication
Relay contact output
Figure 2.18 Connecting PLC to Control Circuit
[30A],
[30B],
[30C]
Alarm
relay
output
(for any
fault)
RS-485 RS-485
port*
communications I/O
(1) Outputs a contact signal (SPDT) when a protective function has been
activated to stop the motor.
Contact rating: 250 VAC 0.3A cos φ = 0.3
+48 VDC, 0.5A
(2) A command similar to terminal [Y1] can be selected for the transistor
output signal and use it for signal output.
(3) Switching of the normal/negative logic output is applicable to the following two contact outputs: "Terminals [30A] and [30C] are
short-circuited for ON signal output" or "the terminals [30B] and [30C]
are short-circuited (non-excite) for ON signal output."
(1) Used to connect the inverter with PC or PLC using RS-485 port.
(2) Used to connect the inverter with the remote keypad. The inverter
supplies the power to the remote keypad through the extension cable
for remote keypad.
* This terminal can be used with standard inverters equipped with an RS-485 Communications Card (option).
- Route the wiring of the control terminals as far from the wiring of the main circuit as
possible. Otherwise electric noise may cause malfunctions.
- Fix the control circuit wires inside the inverter to keep them away from the live parts of
the main circuit (such as the terminal block of the main circuit).
2-20
2.3.8
Switching of SINK/SOURCE (jumper switch)
Before changing the jumper switch, wait for at least five minutes after the power has been turned
off, then check that the DC link bus voltage between the terminals P (+) and N (-) does not exceed the safety voltage (+25 VDC) using a multimeter.
An electric shock may result if this warning is not heeded as there may be some residual
electric charge in the DC link bus capacitor even after the power has been turned off.
To switch the sink/source of the digital
input signal, change the position of the
jumper switch using a pair of long-nose
pliers, as shown in Figure 2.19.
At the factory setting, the jumper switch
is positioned at SOURCE for the EU
version except three-phase 200 V
model and at SINK for the Asian and
Japanese versions.
Figure 2.19 Switching of SINK/SOURCE (Jumper Switch)
2.3.9
Installing an RS-485 communications card (option)
When an optional RS-485 Communications Card is to be used, install it before
putting back the control circuit TB cover.
Align the card with the latch on the inverter and attach the card to the connector that is located above terminals
[30A], [30B] and [30C].
Figure 2.20
Installing an RS-485 Communications Card
(Option)
2-21
•
Before installing an RS-485 Communications Card, turn off the power, wait more than five
minutes, and make sure, using a circuit tester or a similar instrument, that the DC link bus
voltage between the terminals P (+) and N (-) has dropped below a safe voltage (+25
VDC).
•
Do not remove the terminal cover for the control circuits while power is applied, because
a high voltage exists on the RS-485 Communications Card.
Failure to observe these precautions could cause electric shock.
•
In general, sheaths and covers of the control signal cables and wires are not specifically
designed to withstand a high electric field (i.e., reinforced insulation is not applied).
Therefore, if a control signal cable or wire comes into direct contact with a live conductor
of the main circuit, the insulation of the sheath or the cover might break down, which
would expose the signal wire to a high voltage of the main circuit. Make sure that the
control signal cables and wires will not come into contact with live conductors of the main
circuit.
Failure to observe these precautions could cause electric shock and/or an accident.
2.3.10 Replacing the control circuit terminal block (TB) cover
Upon completion of the wiring of the control circuits, fit the latches provided on the upper end of the
control circuit TB cover into the openings in the front face of the inverter, and then close the TB cover
as shown in Figure 2.21.
Note: Take care not to pinch the control signal wires between the TB cover and inverter body.
(*When connecting an extension cable for remote operation or an off-the-shelf LAN cable, snip off the barrier
of the RS-485 communications cable port using nippers.)
Figure 2.21 Putting Back the Control Circuit Terminal Block (TB) Cover
2-22
2.3.11 Cautions relating to harmonic component, noise, and leakage current
(1) Harmonic component
Input current to an inverter includes a harmonic component, which may affect other loads and power
factor correcting capacitors that are connected to the same power source as the inverter. If the
harmonic component causes any problems, connect a DC reactor (option) to the inverter. It may also
be necessary to connect an AC reactor to the power factor correcting capacitors.
(2) Noise
If noise generated from the inverter affects other devices, or that generated from peripheral
equipment causes the inverter to malfunction, follow the basic measures outlined below.
1) If noise generated from the inverter affects the other devices through power wires or grounding
wires:
- Isolate the grounded metal frames of the inverter from those of the other devices.
- Connect a noise filter to the inverter power wires.
- Isolate the power system of the other devises from that of the inverter with an insulated
transformer.
2) If induction or radio noise generated from the inverter affects other devices through power wires
or grounding wires:
- Isolate the main circuit wires from the control circuit wires and other device wires.
- Put the main circuit wires through a metal conduit and connect the pipe to the ground near the
inverter.
- Mount the inverter on the metal switchboard and connect the whole board to the ground.
- Connect a noise filter to the inverter power wires.
3) When implementing measures against noise generated from peripheral equipment:
- For the control signal wires, use twisted or shielded-twisted wires. When using
shielded-twisted wires, connect the shield of the shielded wires to the common terminals of
the control circuit.
- Connect a surge absorber in parallel with a coil or solenoid of the magnetic contactor.
(3) Leakage current
Harmonic component current generated by insulated gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs) switching
on/off inside the inverter becomes leakage current through stray capacitors of inverter input and
output wires or a motor. If any of the problems listed below occur, take appropriate measures against
them.
Table 2.9 Leakage Current Countermeasures
Problem
An earth leakage circuit
breaker* that is connected
to the input (primary) has
tripped.
*With overcurrent protection
An external thermal relay
was activated.
Measures
1) Decrease the carrier frequency.
2) Make the wires between the inverter and motor shorter.
3) Use an earth leakage circuit breaker (ELCB) with lower
sensitivity than the one currently used.
4) Use an earth leakage circuit breaker that features measures
against harmonic component (Fuji SG and EG series).
1) Decrease the carrier frequency.
2) Increase the settling current of the thermal relay.
3) Use the thermal relay built in the inverter.
2-23
Chapter 3
OPERATION USING THE KEYPAD
3.1 Keys, Potentiometer, and LED on the Keypad
As shown in the figure at right, the
keypad consists of a four-digit LED
monitor, a potentiometer (POT), and
six keys.
Program/Reset key LED monitor
RUN key Potentiometer
The keypad allows you to start and
stop the motor, monitor running
status, and switch to the menu mode.
In the menu mode, you may set the
function code data, monitor I/O signal
states, maintenance information, and
alarm information.
Function/Data key
Down key
Up key
STOP key
Table 3.1 Overview of Keypad Functions
Monitor,
Potentiometer
and Keys
Functions
Four-digit, 7-segment LED monitor which displays the following according to the
operation modes *.
„ In Running mode:
Running status information (e.g., output frequency,
current, and voltage)
„ In Programming mode: Menus, function codes and their data
„ In Alarm mode:
Alarm code, which identifies the error factor if the
protective function is activated.
Potentiometer (POT) which is used to manually set a reference frequency,
auxiliary frequencies 1 and 2 or PID process command.
RUN key. Press this key to run the motor.
STOP key. Press this key to stop the motor.
/
UP/DOWN keys. Press these keys to select the setting items and change the
function data displayed on the LED monitor.
Program/Reset key which switches the operation modes* of the inverter.
Pressing this key switches the inverter to Programming mode.
„ In Programming mode: Pressing this key switches the inverter to Running
mode.
„ In Alarm mode:
Pressing this key after removing the error factor will
switch the inverter to Running mode.
„ In Running mode:
Function/Data key which switches the operation you want to do in each mode as
follows:
„ In Running mode:
Pressing this key switches the information to be displayed concerning the status of the inverter (output
frequency (Hz), output current (A), output voltage (V),
etc.).
„ In Programming mode: Pressing this key displays the function code and sets
the data entered with the
and
keys or the POT.
„ In Alarm mode:
Pressing this key displays the details of the problem
indicated by the alarm code that has come up on the
LED monitor.
* FRENIC-Mini features three operation modes: Running, Programming, and Alarm. Refer to Section 3.2
"Overview of Operation Modes."
3-1
Simultaneous keying
Simultaneous keying means pressing two keys at the same time (expressed by "+"). FRENIC-Mini
supports simultaneous keying as listed below.
(For example, the expression "
key.)
+
keys" stands for pressing the
key while holding down the
Table 3.2 Simultaneous Keying
Operation mode
Running mode
Simultaneous keying
+
keys
Programming
mode
+
keys
Alarm mode
+
keys
Used to:
Control entry to/exit from jogging operation.
Change certain function code data.
(Refer to codes F00, H03, and H97 in Chapter 5
"FUNCTION CODES.")
Switch to Programming mode without resetting
the alarm.
3.2 Overview of Operation Modes
FRENIC-Mini features the following three operation modes:
„ Running mode
: This mode allows you to enter run/stop commands in regular operation.
You can also monitor the running status in real time.
„ Programming mode : This mode allows you to set function code data and check a variety of
information relating to the inverter status and maintenance.
„ Alarm mode
: If an alarm condition occurs, the inverter automatically enters the Alarm
mode. In this mode, you can view the corresponding alarm code* and its
related information on the LED monitor.
* Alarm code: Indicates the cause of the alarm condition that has triggered a protective function. For details,
refer to Chapter 8, Section 8.6 "Protective Functions."
Figure 3.1 shows the status transition of the inverter between these three operation modes.
Figure 3.1 Status Transition between Operation Modes
Figure 3.2 illustrates the transition of the LED monitor screen during the Running mode, the transition between menu items in the Programming mode, and the transition between alarm codes at
different occurrences in the Alarm mode.
3-2
*1 In speed monitor, you can have any of the following displayed according to the setting of function code
E48: Output Frequency (Hz), Reference Frequency (Hz), Load Shaft Speed (r/min), Line Speed (m/min),
and Constant Rate of Feeding Time (min)
*2 Applicable only when PID control is employed.
*3 Applicable only when timer operation is selected by the setting of function code C21.
*4 Applicable only when a remote keypad (optional) is installed.
key only when the current alarm code is displayed.
*5 Alarm can be reset with the
Figure 3.2 Transition between Basic Display Figures by Operation Mode
3-3
3.2.1
Running mode
When the inverter is turned on, it automatically enters Running mode. In Running mode, you can:
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
Monitor the running status (e.g., output frequency, output current);
Set up the reference frequency and others;
Run/stop the motor; and
Jog (inch) the motor.
[ 1 ] Monitoring the running status
In Running mode, the seven items listed below can be monitored. Immediately after the inverter is
key to switch
turned on, the monitor item specified by function code E43 is displayed. Press the
between monitor items.
Table 3.3 Monitor Items
Monitor Items
Display Sample on
the LED monitor
Meaning of Displayed Value
Function
Code E43
Speed monitor
(Hz, r/min, m/min, min)
5*00
Refer to Table 3.4.
0
Output current (A)
!90a
Detected output current.
a: alternative expression for A (ampere)
3
Output voltage (V)
200u
Specified output voltage.
u: alternative expression for V (voltage)
4
Input power (kW)
*40p
Electric power input to the inverter.
p: alternative expression for kW (kilo watt)
9
(PID process command or PID feedback
amount) × (PID display coefficient A – B) + B
10
PID display coefficients A and B: Refer to
function codes E40 and E41
12
Remaining effective timer count
13
PID process command
(Note 1)
PID feedback amount
(Note 1)
Timer (s) (Note 1)
1*0*
(Note 2)
)0*
(Note 3)
6 (Note 4)
(Note 1) The PID process command and PID feedback amount are displayed only under the PID control
using a process command (J01 = 1 or 2). Further, the timer (for timer operation) is only displayed
when the timer is enabled (C21 = 1).
"– – – –" will be displayed when the respective mode (PID control, timer) is not in effect.
(Note 2) The dot in the lowest digit will blink.
(Note 3) The dot in the lowest digit will light.
(Note 4) A positive integer is displayed.
3-4
Figure 3.3 shows the procedure for selecting the desired monitor item and the sub-item for speed
monitoring.
*1 The speed monitor displays the output frequency (Hz), reference frequency (Hz), load shaft speed (r/min),
line speed (m/min.), or constant rate of feeding time (min.), depending on the setting of function code
E48.
*2 The PID-related information will appear only when the inverter is under PID control. When PID control is
not in effect (J01 = 0) while data of the function code E43 is 10 or 12, or immediately after power on, "– –
– –" will be displayed.
*3 This will appear only when timer operation is enabled by function code C21. When timer operation is not
in effect (C21 = 0) while data of the function code E43 is 13, or immediately after power on, "– – – –" will
be displayed.
Figure 3.3 Selecting Monitor Item and Speed Monitor Sub-item
3-5
Table 3.4 lists the display items for the speed monitor that can be chosen with function code E48.
Table 3.4 Display Items on the Speed Monitor
Speed monitor items
Function code
E48
Meaning of Displayed Value
Output frequency (before slip
compensation) (Hz)
(Factory default)
0
Before slip compensation
Output frequency (after slip
compensation) (Hz)
1
Frequency actually being output
Reference frequency (Hz)
2
Final reference frequency
Load shaft speed (r/min)
4
Displayed value = Output frequency (Hz) x E50*
Line speed (m/min)
5
Displayed value = Output frequency (Hz) x E50*
Constant rate of feeding time
(min)
6
Displayed value =
E50
Output frequency × E39
*
* When the value is equal to or more than 10000,
will be displayed. Output frequencies contained in
these formulas are output frequencies before slip compensation.
[ 2 ] Setting up reference frequency, etc.
You can set up the desired frequency command and PID process command by using the potentiand
keys on the keypad. You can also set up the reference frequency as load
ometer and
shaft speed, line speed, and constant rate of feeding time by setting function code E48.
„ Setting up a reference frequency
Using the built-in potentiometer (factory default)
By setting function code F01 to "4: Built-in potentiometer (POT)" (factory default), you can specify
the reference frequency using the potentiometer.
3-6
Using the
and
keys
/
(1) Set function code F01 to "0:
remote keypad is in Running mode.
(2) Press the
or
keys on the built-in keypad." This can be done only when the
key to specify the reference frequency. The lowest digit will blink.
(3) If you need to change the reference frequency, press the
or
key again. The new setting will
be automatically saved into the inverter’s memory. It is kept there even while the inverter is powered
off, and will be used as the initial frequency next time the inverter is powered on.
• If you have set the function code F01 to "0:
/
keys on the built-in keypad" but have
selected a frequency setting other than the frequency 1 (i.e., the frequency 2, set it via
or
key for
communications, or as a multi-frequency), then you cannot use the
setting the reference frequency even if the remote keypad is in Running mode. Pressing
either of these keys will just display the currently selected reference frequency.
• When you start specifying or changing the reference frequency or any other parameter
or
key, the lowest digit on the display will blink and start changing. As you
with the
are holding the key down, blinking will gradually move to the upper digit places and the
upper digits will be changeable.
or
key once and then hold down the
key for more than 1
• If you press the
second after the lowest digit starts blinking, blinking will move to the next upper digit place
to allow you to change the value of that digit (cursor movement). This way you can easily
change the values of the higher digits.
/
keys on the built-in keypad" and selecting
• By setting function code C30 to "0:
frequency set 2 as the frequency setting method, you can also specify or change the
and
keys.
reference frequency in the same manner using the
Alternatively, you can set up the reference frequency, etc. from other menu items, depending on the
setting of function code E48 (= 4, 5, or 6) "LED monitor (Speed monitor item)" as shown in the
following table.
Table 3.5 LED Monitor and Frequency Setting (with Speed Monitor selected)
Setting of E48 (displayed on LED monitor)
(with Speed Monitor selected)
Reference frequency
display
0: Output frequency
(before slip compensation)
Frequency setting
1: Output frequency
(after slip compensation)
Frequency setting
2: Reference frequency
Frequency setting
Conversion of displayed
value
4: Load shaft speed
Load shaft speed setting
Frequency setting × E50
5: Line speed
Line speed setting
Frequency setting × E50
6: Constant rate of feeding time
Constant rate of feeding
time setting
E50
Frequency setting × E39
3-7
„ Make setting under PID control
To enable PID control, you need to set function code J01 to 1 or 2.
Under the PID control, the items that can be set or checked with the
and
keys are different
from those under regular frequency control, depending upon the current LED monitor setting. If the
LED monitor is set to the speed monitor (E43 = 0), you may access manual feed commands (Reference frequency) with the
and
keys; if it is set to any other, you may access PID process
command with those keys.
Refer to the FRENIC-Mini User's Manual (MEH446), Chapter 4, Section 4.8 "PID Frequency
Command Generator" for details on the PID control.
Setting the PID process command with the built-in potentiometer
(1) Set function code E60 to "3: PID process command 1."
(2) Set function code J02 to "1: PID process command 1."
Setting the PID process command with the
(1) Set function code J02 to "0:
/
and
keys
keys on the built-in keypad."
(2) Set the LED monitor to something other than the speed monitor (E43 = 0) in Running mode.
This setting is possible only in Running mode.
or
key to display the PID process command. The lowest digit of the displayed
(3) Press the
command and the decimal point blink.
or
key again. The PID process com(4) To change the PID process command, press the
mand you have specified will be automatically saved into the inverter’s memory. It is kept there
even if you temporarily switch to another means of specifying the PID process command and
then go back to the means of specifying the PID process command via the remote keypad. Also,
it is kept there even while the inverter is powered off, and will be used as the initial PID process
command next time the inverter is powered on.
• Even if multi-frequency is selected as the PID process command (SS4 = ON), you still
can set the process command using the remote keypad.
or
• When function code J02 data has been set to any value except 0, pressing the
key displays the PID process command currently selected (you cannot change the setting).
• When a PID process command is displayed, the decimal point next to the lowest digit on
the LED display blinks to distinguish it from the regular frequency setting. When a PID
feedback amount is displayed, the decimal point next to the lowest digit on the LED
display is lit.
3-8
Setting up the reference frequency with the
and
To set the reference frequency with the
the following conditions:
keys under the PID control, you need to specify
- Set function code F01 to "0:
/
and
keys under PID control
keys on the built-in keypad."
- Select frequency command 1 (Frequency settings from communications link: Disabled, and
Multi-frequency settings: Disabled) as manual speed command.
- Set the LED monitor to the speed monitor in Running mode.
The above setting is impossible in any operation mode except Running mode.
The setting procedure is the same as that for usual frequency setting.
If you press the
appear:
or
key in any conditions other than those described above, the following will
Table 3.6 Manual Speed (Frequency) Command Specified with
Frequency
command 1
(F01)
0
Frequency setting via communications link
Multi-frequency
setting
Disabled
Disabled
key starts
By factory default, pressing the
running the motor in the forward direction and
pressing the
key decelerates the motor to
stop. The
key is enabled only in Running
mode.
By changing the setting of function code F02,
you can change the starting direction of motor
rotation; for example, you can have the motor
start running in the reverse direction or in
accordance with the wiring connection at the
terminal block.
3-9
Keys and Requirements
or
key
PID control
cancelled
Display during
operation
PID enabled
PID output (as final frequency
command)
Cancelled
Manual speed (frequency)
command set by keypad
PID enabled
PID output (as final frequency
command)
Cancelled
Manual speed (frequency)
command currently selected
Other than the above
[ 3 ] Running/stopping the motor
/
„ Operational relationship between function code F02 (Operation method) and
Table 3.7 lists the relationship between function code F02 settings and the
the motor rotational direction.
key
key, which determines
Table 3.7 Rotational Direction of Motor, Specified by F02
If Function code F02
is set to:
key
Pressing the
rotates the motor:
2
in the forward direction
3
in the reverse direction
(Note) The rotational direction of
IEC-compliant motors is opposite to one shown here.
For the details of operation with function code F02 set to "0" or "1," refer to Chapter 5.
[ 4 ] Jogging (inching) the motor
To jog the motor, follow the procedure given below.
c Making the inverter ready for jogging (The jog appears on the LED monitor.)
1)
2)
Switch to Running mode. (Refer to page 3-2 for details.)
Press the
+
keys at the same time (simultaneous keying).
The LED monitor will display the jogging frequency for approx. 1 second and go back to the
jog display.
• During jogging, the jogging frequency specified by function code C20 and the
acceleration/deceleration time specified by function code H54 for jogging will apply.
They are exclusively prepared for jogging. Set these codes individually as required.
• Using the external input signal JOG also allows the transition between the
ready-to-jog state and normal running state.
• The transition (
+
keys) between the ready-to-jog state and normal running
state is enabled only when the inverter is not in operation.
d Jogging the motor
1)
key is held down, and contrarily the moThe inverter will jog the motor only while the
key is released, the inverter will decelerate and stop the motor.
ment the
e Exiting the ready-to-jog state (Going back to normal running)
1)
Press the
+
keys at the same time (simultaneous keying).
3-10
3.2.2
Programming mode
Programming mode provides you with these functions--setting and checking function code data,
monitoring maintenance information and checking input/output (I/O) signal status. The functions can
be easily selected with the menu-driven system. Table 3.8 lists menus available in Programming
mode. The leftmost digit (numerals) of each letter string indicates the corresponding menu number
and the remaining three digits indicate the menu contents.
When the inverter enters Programming mode from the second time on, the menu that was selected
last in Programming mode will be displayed.
Table 3.8 Menus Available in Programming Mode
Menu #
#1
LED
monitor
shows:
Menu
"Data setting"
Refer
to:
Main functions
!f__
F codes
(Fundamental functions)
!e__
E codes
(Extension terminal functions)
!c__
C codes
(Control functions of frequency)
!p__
P codes
(Motor parameters)
!h__
H codes
(High performance functions)
!j__
J codes
(Application functions)
Selecting each of
these function
codes enables its
data to be displayed/changed.
[1]
!y__
y codes (Link functions)
#2
"Data checking"
"rep
Displays only function codes that have been
changed from their factory defaults. You may refer to
or change those function codes data.
[2]
#3
"Drive monitoring"
#ope
Displays the running information required for maintenance or test running.
[3]
#4
"I/O checking"
$i_o
Displays external interface information.
[4]
#5
"Maintenance
information"
%che
Displays maintenance information including accumulated run time.
[5]
Displays the latest four alarm codes. You may refer
to the running information at the time when the alarm
occurred.
[6]
Allows you to read or write function code data, as
well as verifying it.
--
#6
"Alarm information"
#7
"Data copying"
&al
*
'cpy
*To use this function, a remote keypad (option) is required.
3-11
Figure 3.4 illustrates the menu transition in Programming mode.
* Displayed only when a remote keypad (option) is set up for use.
Figure 3.4 Menu Transition in Programming Mode
3-12
Limiting menus to be displayed
The menu-driven system has a limiter function (specified by function code E52) that limits menus to
be displayed for the purpose of simple operation. The factory default is to display Menu #1 "Data
setting" only, allowing no switching to any other menu.
Table 3.9 Function Code E52 – Keypad (Mode Selection)
Function code data (E52)
Menus selectable
0: Function code data editing mode
Menu #1 "Data setting" (factory default)
1: Function code data check mode
Menu #2 "Data checking"
2: Full-menu mode
Menu #1 through #6 (#7*)
* Menu #7 appears only when the remote keypad (option) is set up for use.
If the full-menu mode is selected, pressing the
or
key will cycle through the
menu. With the
key, you can select the desired menu item. Once the entire menu
has been cycled through, the display will return to the first menu item.
[ 1 ] Setting function codes – "Data Setting"
Menu #1 "Data setting" in Programming mode allows you to set function codes for making the
inverter functions match your needs.
To set function codes in Menu #1 "Data setting," it is necessary to set function code E52 data to "0"
(Function code data editing mode) or "2" (Full-menu mode).
The table below lists the function codes available in the FRENIC-Mini. The function codes are
displayed on the LED monitor on the keypad as shown below.
ID number in each function code group
Function code group
3-13
Table 3.10 List of FRENIC-Mini Function Codes
Function code
group
Function code
Function
Description
F codes
F00 to F51
Fundamental functions
To be used for basic motor running.
E codes
E01 to E99
Extension terminal
functions
To be used to select the functions of the
control circuit terminals.
To be used to set functions related to
the LED monitor display.
C codes
C01 to C52
Control functions of
frequency
To be used to set application functions
related to frequency settings.
P codes
P02 to P99
Motor parameters
To be used to set special parameters for
the motor capacity, etc.
H codes
H03 to H98
High performance
functions
To be used for high added value functions and complicated control, etc.
J codes
J01 to J06
Application functions
To be used for PID control.
y codes
y01 to y99
Link functions
To be used for communications
Refer to Chapter 5 "FUNCTION CODES" for details on the function codes.
Function codes that require simultaneous keying
To change data for function codes F00 (Data protection), H03 (Data initialization), and H97 (Clear
alarm data) simultaneous keying operation is necessary-+
keys or
+
keys. This
prevents data from being lost by mistake.
Changing, validating, and saving function code data when the motor is running
Some function code data can be changed while the motor is running and some cannot. Further,
amongst the function codes whose data can be changed while the motor is running, there are some
for which the changes can be validated immediately and others for which they cannot. Refer to the
"Change when running" column in Chapter 5, Section 5.1 "Function Code Tables."
3-14
Figure 3.5 shows the status transition for Menu #1 "Data setting."
Figure 3.5 "Data Setting" Status Transition
3-15
Basic key operation
This section will give a description of the basic key operation, following the example of the function
code data changing procedure shown in Figure 3.6.
This example shows you how to change function code F01 data from the factory default "Built-in
/
keys on the built-in keypad (F01 = 0)."
potentiometer (POT) (F01 = 4)" to "
(1) When the inverter is powered on, it automatically enters Running mode. In Running mode,
press the
key to enter Programming mode. The menu for function selection will be displayed.
(2) With the menu displayed, use the
this example, select !f__).
and
keys to select the desired function code group. (In
(3) Press the
key to display the function codes in the function code group selected in (2). (In this
example, function code f 00 will appear.)
Even if the function code list for a particular function code group is displayed, it is possible to
transfer the display to a different function code group using the
and
keys.
(4) Select the desired function code using the
example, select function code f 01.)
and
keys and press the
key. (In this
The data of this function code will appear. (In this example, data "4" of f 01 will appear.)
(5) Change the function code data using the
four times to change data 4 to 0.)
(6) Press the
and
keys. (In this example, press the
key
key to establish the function code data.
The saue will appear and the data will be saved in the memory inside the inverter. The display
will return to the function code list, then move to the next function code. (In this example, f 02.)
Pressing the
key before the
key cancels the change made to the data. The data reverts
to the previous value, the display returns to the function code list, and the original function code
reappears.
(7) Press the
key to return to the menu from the function code list.
<Cursor movement>
You can move the cursor when changing function code data by holding down the
for 1 second or longer in the same way as with the frequency settings.
3-16
key
Figure 3.6 Example of Function Code Data Changing Procedure
[ 2 ] Checking changed function codes – "Data Checking"
Menu #2 "Data checking" in Programming mode allows you to check function codes that have been
changed. Only the function code for the data that has been changed from the factory defaults are
displayed on the LED monitor. You may refer to the function code data and change it again if necessary. Figure 3.7 shows the status transition diagram for "Data checking."
3-17
* Pressing the
key with the e 52 data displayed returns to f 01.
Figure 3.7 "Data Checking" Status Transition (Changes made only to F01, F05, E52)
Basic key operation
The basic key operation is the same as for "Data setting."
To check function codes in Menu #2 "Data checking," it is necessary to set function code
E52 to "1" (Function code data check mode) or "2" (Full-menu mode).
For details, refer to "Limiting menus to be displayed" on page 3-13.
3-18
[ 3 ] Monitoring the running status – "Drive Monitoring"
Menu #3 "Drive monitoring" is used to check the running status during maintenance and test running.
The display items for "Drive monitoring" are listed in Table 3.11. Figure 3.8 shows the status transition diagram for "Drive monitoring."
Figure 3.8 "Drive Monitoring" Status Transition
3-19
Basic key operation
Before checking the running status on the drive monitor, set function code E52 to "2" (full-menu
mode).
(1) When the inverter is powered on, it automatically enters Running mode. In Running mode,
key to enter Programming mode. The menu for function selection will be dispress the
played.
(2) With the menu displayed, use the
(3) Press the
(4) Use the
and
keys to select "Drive monitoring" (#ope ).
key to display the desired code in the monitoring item list (e.g. 3_00 ).
and
keys to select the desired monitoring item, then press the
key.
The running status information for the selected item will appear.
(5) Press the
menu.
key to return to the monitoring item list. Press the
key again to return to the
Table 3.11 Drive Monitoring Display Items
LED
monitor
shows:
Contents
Unit
Description
3_00
Output
frequency
Hz
Output frequency before slip compensation
3_01
Output
frequency
Hz
Output frequency after slip compensation
3_02
Output
current
A
Output current
3_03
Output
voltage
V
Output voltage
3_05
Reference
frequency
Hz
Reference frequency
3_06
Running
direction
N/A
Displays the running direction currently being outputted.
F: forward; R: reverse, – – – –: stop
3_07
Running
status
N/A
Displays the running status in hex. format. Refer to "Displaying
running status" on the next page.
r/min
(m/min)
The unit for load shaft speed is r/min and that for line speed is
m/min.
Display value = (Output frequency Hz before slip compensation)
× (Function code E50)
appears for 10000 (r/min or m/min) or more. When
appears, decrease function code E52 data so that the LED
monitor displays 9999 or below, referring to the above equation.
N/A
The command is displayed through the use of function code E40
and E41 data (PID display coefficients A and B).
Display value = (PID process command) × (Coefficient A - B) + B
If PID control is disabled, "– – – –" appears.
N/A
This value is displayed through the use of function code E40
data and function code E41 data (PID display coefficients A and
B).
Display value = (PID feedback amount) × (Coefficient A - B) + B
If PID control is disabled, "– – – –" appears.
3_09
Load shaft
speed
(line speed)
3_10
PID process
command
3_11
PID feedback
amount
3-20
Displaying running status
To display the running status in hexadecimal format, each state has been assigned to bits 0 to 15 as
listed in Table 3.12. Table 3.13 shows the relationship between each of the status assignments and
the LED monitor display. Table 3.14 gives the conversion table from 4-bit binary to hexadecimal.
Table 3.12 Running Status Bit Allocation
Bit
15
Notation
Content
BUSY
1 when function code data is being
written.
7
VL
Always 0.
6
TL
Always 0.
14
13
WR
Bit
Notation
Content
1 under voltage limiting control.
Always 0.
5
NUV
1 when the DC link bus voltage is
higher than the undervoltage level.
12
RL
1 when communication is enabled
(when ready for run and frequency
commands via communications
link).
4
BRK
Always 0.
11
ALM
1 when an alarm has occurred.
3
INT
1 when the inverter output is
stopped.
10
DEC
1 during deceleration.
2
EXT
1 during DC braking.
9
ACC
1 during acceleration.
1
REV
1 during running in the reverse
direction.
8
IL
1 under current limiting control.
0
FWD
1 during running in the forward
direction.
Table 3.13 Running Status Display
LED No.
Bit
15
Notation
Binary
Example
LED4
14
BUSY
1
13
WR
0
LED3
12
RL
0
0
11
10
9
ALM DEC ACC
0
0
1
Hexadecimal
on the
LED
monitor
3-21
LED2
8
7
6
IL
VL
TL
1
0
0
5
LED1
4
3
NUV BRK INT
1
0
0
2
1
0
EXT REV FWD
0
0
1
Hexadecimal expression
A 4-bit binary number can be expressed in hexadecimal format (1 hexadecimal digit). Table 3.14
shows the correspondence between the two notations. The hexadecimals are shown as they appear
on the LED monitor.
Table 3.14 Binary and Hexadecimal Conversion
Binary
Hexadecimal
Binary
Hexadecimal
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
8
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
1
9
0
0
1
0
2
1
0
1
0
a
0
0
1
1
3
1
0
1
1
b
0
1
0
0
4
1
1
0
0
c
0
1
0
1
5
1
1
0
1
d
0
1
1
0
6
1
1
1
0
e
0
1
1
1
7
1
1
1
1
f
3-22
[ 4 ] Checking I/O signal status – "I/O Checking"
With Menu #4 "I/O checking," you can display the I/O status of external signals without using a
measuring instrument. External signals that can be displayed include digital I/O signals and analog
I/O signals. Table 3.15 lists check items available. The status transition for I/O checking is shown in
Figure 3.9.
Figure 3.9 "I/O Checking" Status Transition
3-23
Basic key operation
Before checking the status of the I/O signals, set function code E52 to "2: Full-menu mode."
(1) When the inverter is powered on, it automatically enters Running mode. In Running mode,
key to enter Programming mode. The menu for function selection will be dispress the
played.
(2) With the menu displayed, use the
(3) Press the
(4) Use the
and
keys to select "I/O check" ($i_o ).
key to display the codes for the I/O check item list. (e.g. 4_00 )
and
keys to select the desired I/O check item, then press the
key.
The corresponding I/O check data will appear. For control I/O signal terminal and control circuit
and
keys to select one of the two
terminal input under communication control, use the
different display methods.
(5) Press the
menu.
key to return to the I/O check item list. Press the
key again to return to the
Table 3.15 I/O Check Items
LED monitor
shows:
Contents
Description
4_00
I/O signals on the control
circuit terminals
Shows the ON/OFF state of the digital I/O terminals.
Refer to "Displaying control I/O signal terminals"
below for details on the display contents.
4_01
I/O signals on the control
circuit terminals under
communication control
Shows the ON/OFF state for the digital I/O terminals
that received a command via RS-485 communications. Refer to "Displaying control I/O signal terminals" and "Displaying control I/O signal terminals under communication control" below for details of the item displayed.
4_02
Input voltage on terminal [12]
Shows the input voltage on terminal [12] in volts (V).
4_03
Input current on terminal [C1]
Shows the input current on terminal [C1] in milliamperes (mA).
4_04
Output voltage to analog
meters [FMA]
Shows the output voltage on terminal [FMA] in volts
(V).
Displaying control I/O signal terminals
The status of control I/O signal terminal status may be displayed with ON/OFF of the LED segment
or in hexadecimal display.
„ Display I/O signal status with ON/OFF of the LED Segment
As shown in Table 3.16 and the figure below, each of the segments "a" to "e" on LED1 lights when
the corresponding digital input terminal ([FWD], [REV], [X1], [X2], or [X3]) is short-circuited with
terminal [CM] or [PLC]*, and does not light when it is open. Segment "a" on LED3 lights when the
circuit between output terminals [Y1] and [Y1E] is closed and does not light when the circuit is open.
Segment "a" on LED4 is for terminal [30ABC]. Segment "a" on LED4 lights when the circuit between
terminals [30C] and [30A] is short-circuited (ON) and does not light when it is open.
*Terminal [CM] if the jumper switch is set for SINK; terminal [PLC] if the jumper switch is set for
SOURCE.
3-24
• If all terminal input signals are OFF (open), segment "g" on all of LEDs 1 to 4 will light
("– – – –").
• Refer to Chapter 5 "FUNCTION CODES" for details.
Table 3.16 Segment Display for External Signal Information
Segment
LED4
LED3
LED2
LED1
a
30ABC
Y1-Y1E
—
FWD-CM or
FWD-PLC *2
b
—
—
—
REV-CM or
REV-PLC *2
c
—
—
—
X1-CM or
X1-PLC *2
d
—
—
—
X2-CM or
X2-PLC *2
e
—
—
—
X3-CM or
X3-PLC *2
f
—
—
(XF) *1
—
g
—
—
(XR) *1
—
dp
—
—
(RST) *1
—
—: No corresponding control circuit terminal exists.
*1 (XF), (XR), and (RST) are assigned for communication. Refer to "Displaying control I/O signal terminals under communication control" on the next page.
*2 Terminal [CM] if the jumper switch is set for a sink; terminal [PLC] if the jumper switch is set for a source.
„ Displaying I/O signal status in hexadecimal format
Each I/O terminal is assigned to bit 15 through bit 0 as shown in Table 3.17. An unassigned bit is
interpreted as "0." Allocated bit data is displayed on the LED monitor in 4 hexadecimal digits ("0" to
"F" each).
With the FRENIC-Mini, digital input terminals [FWD] and [REV] are assigned to bit 0 and bit 1,
respectively. Terminals [X1] through [X3] are assigned to bits 2 through 4. The bit is set to "1" when
the corresponding input terminal is short-circuited with terminal [CM] or terminal [PLC] *, and is set to
"0" when it is open. For example, when [FWD] and [X1] are on (short-circuited) and all the others are
off (open), "0005" is displayed on LED4 to LED1.
* Terminal [CM] if the jumper switch is set for a sink; terminal [PLC] if the jumper switch is set for a
source.
Digital output terminal [Y1] is assigned to bit 0. Bit 0 is set to "1" when this terminal is short-circuited
with [Y1E], and to "0" when it is open. The status of the relay contact output terminal [30ABC] is
assigned to bit 8. It is set to "1" when the circuit between output terminals [30A] and [30C] is closed
and to "0" when the circuit between [30B] and [30C] is closed. For example, if [Y1] is on and [30A] is
connected to [30C], then "0101" is displayed on the LED4 to LED1.
Table 3.17 presents an example of bit assignment and corresponding hexadecimal display on the
7-segment LED.
3-25
Table 3.17 Segment Display for I/O Signal Status in Hexadecimal Format
LED No.
Bit
Input
terminal
LED4
15
14
13
(RST)* (XR)* (XF)*
LED3
LED2
LED1
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
X3
X2
2
1
0
X1 REV FWD
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
30AC
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Y1
Binary
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
Example
Output
terminal
Hexadecimal
on the
LED
monitor
– : No corresponding control terminal exists.
* (XF), (XR), and (RST) are assigned for communication. Refer to "Displaying control I/O signal terminals
under communication control."
Displaying control I/O signal terminals under communication control
During control via communication, input commands sent via RS-485 communications cable can be
displayed in two ways: "display with ON/OFF of the LED segment" and "in hexadecimal format." The
content to be displayed is basically the same as that for the control I/O signal terminal status display;
however, (XF), (XR), and (RST) are added as inputs. Note that under communications control, I/O
display is in normal logic (using the original signals that are not inverted).
Refer to RS-485 Communication User's Manual (MEH448) for details on input commands sent
through RS-485 communications.
3-26
[ 5 ] Reading maintenance information – "Maintenance Information"
Menu #5 "Maintenance information" in Programming mode contains information necessary for
performing maintenance on the inverter. Table 3.18 lists the maintenance information display items
and Figure 3.10 shows the status transition for maintenance information.
* The part in the dotted-line box is applicable only when a remote keypad is set up for operation.
Figure 3.10 "Maintenance Information" Status Transition
Basic key operation
Before viewing maintenance information, set function code E52 to "2" (full-menu mode).
(1) When the inverter is powered on, it automatically enters Running mode. In Running mode, press
key to enter Programming mode. The menu for function selection will be displayed.
the
(2) With the menu displayed, use the
(3) Press the
and
keys to select "Maintenance information" (%che ).
key to display the list of maintenance item codes (e.g. 5_00 ).
(4) Use the
and
keys to select the desired maintenance item, then press the
The data of the corresponding maintenance item will appear.
(5) Press the
the menu.
key to return to the list of maintenance items. Press the
3-27
key.
key again to return to
Table 3.18 Maintenance Display Items
LED Monitor
shows:
Contents
Description
5_00
Cumulative run
time
Shows the cumulative power-ON time of the inverter.
Unit: thousands of hours.
When the total ON-time is less than 10000 hours (display: 0.001 to
9.999), data is shown in units of one hour. When the total time is
10000 hours or more (display: 10.00 to 65.53), it is shown in units of
10 hours. When the total time exceeds 65535 hours, the display will
be reset to 0 and the count will start again.
5_01
DC link bus
voltage
Shows the DC link bus voltage of the inverter.
Unit: V (volts)
5_03
Max. temperature
of heat sink
Shows the maximum temperature of the heat sink for every hour.
Unit: ºC
5_04
Max. effective
current
Shows the maximum effective current for every hour.
Unit: A (amperes)
5_05
Capacitance of
the DC link bus
capacitor
Shows the current capacitance of the DC link bus capacitor, based on
the capacitance when shipping as 100%. Refer to Chapter 7
"MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION" for details.
Unit: %
5_06
Cumulative run
time of electrolytic
capacitors on the
printed circuit
boards
Shows the cumulative run time of the capacitors mounted on the
printed circuit boards.
The display method is the same as for "accumulated run time" above.
However, when the total time exceeds 65535 hours, the count stops
and the display remains at 65.53.
Cumulative run
time of the
cooling fan
Shows the cumulative run time of the cooling fan.
This counter does not work when the fan stops even if the cooling fan
ON/OFF control (function code H06) is enabled.
The display method is the same as for "Cumulative run time (5_05 )
above.
However, when the total time exceeds 65535 hours, the count stops
and the display remains at 65.53.
5_08
Number of
startups
Shows the cumulative counter of times the inverter is started up (i.e.,
the number of run commands issued).
1.000 indicates 1000 times. When any number from 0.001 to 9.999 is
displayed, the counter increases by 0.001 per startup, and when any
number from 10.00 to 65.53 is counted, the counter increases by 0.01
every 10 startups. When the counted number exceeds 65535, the
counter will be reset to 0 and the count will start again.
5_11
No. of RS-485
errors
Shows the cumulative total number of RS-485 communication errors
since first power ON.
Once the number of errors exceeds 9999, the display (count) returns
to 0.
5_12
RS-485 communications
error content
Shows the latest error that has occurred with RS-485 communications in decimal format.
For error contents, refer to the RS-485 Communication User's Manual
(MEH448).
5_14
ROM version of
the inverter
Shows the ROM version of the inverter as a 4-digit display.
5_16
ROM version of
the keypad
Shows the ROM version of the keypad panel as a 4-digit display. (For
active remote keypad only.)
5_07
3-28
[ 6 ] Reading alarm information – "Alarm Information"
Menu #6 "Alarm information" in Programming mode shows, in alarm code, the causes of the past 4
alarms. Further, it is also possible to display alarm information that indicates the status of the inverter
when the alarm condition occurred. Figure 3.11 shows the status transition of the alarm information
and Table 3.19 lists the details of the alarm information.
Figure 3.11 "Alarm Information" Status Transition
3-29
Basic key operation
Before viewing alarm information, set function code E52 to "2" (full-menu mode).
(1) When the inverter is powered on, it automatically enters Running mode. In Running mode,
key to enter Programming mode. The menu for function selection will be dispress the
played.
(2) With the menu displayed, use the
(3) Press the
and
keys to select "Alarm information" (&al ).
key to display the alarm list code (e.g. !0l1 ).
In the list of alarm codes, the alarm information for the last 4 alarms is saved as an alarm history.
or
key is pressed, the last 4 alarms are displayed in order from the most
(4) Each time the
recent one as ! , " , # , and $ .
key to have the corresponding alarm item
(5) While the alarm code is displayed, press the
number (e.g. 6_00 ) and data (e.g. Output frequency) displayed alternately in intervals of approximately 1 second. You can also have the item number (e.g. 6_01 ) and data (e.g. Output
current) for any other item displayed using the
and
keys.
(6) Press the
key to return to the alarm list. Press the
key again to return to the menu.
Table 3.19 Alarm Information Displayed
LED monitor
shows:
(item No.)
Contents
Description
6_00
Output frequency
Output frequency
6_01
Output current
Output current
6_02
Output voltage
Output voltage
6_04
Reference frequency
Reference frequency
6_05
Rotational direction
This shows the running direction being output.
F: forward; R: reverse; – – – –: stop
6_06
Running status
This shows the running status in hexadecimal. Refer to Displaying running status in [3] "Monitoring the running status."
Cumulative running
time
Shows the cumulative power-ON time of the inverter.
Unit: thousands of hours.
When the total ON-time is less than 10000 hours (display: 0.001
to 9.999), data is shown in units of one hour. When the total time
is 10000 hours or more (display: 10.00 to 65.53), it is shown in
units of 10 hours. When the total time exceeds 65535 hours, the
display will be reset to 0 and the count will start again.
6_08
No. of startups
The cumulative total number of times an inverter run command
has been issued is calculated and displayed.
1.000 indicates 1000 times. When any number ranging from
0.001 to 9.999 is displayed, the display increases by 0.001 per
startup, and when any number from 10.00 to 65.53 is displayed,
the display increases by 0.01 every 10 startups. When the total
number exceeds 65535, the display will be reset to 0 and the
count will start again.
6_09
DC link bus voltage
Shows the DC link bus voltage of the inverter's main circuit.
Unit: V (volts)
6_07
3-30
Table 3.19 Continued
LED monitor
shows:
(item No.)
Contents
Description
Shows the temperature of the heat sink.
Unit: ºC
6_11
Max. temperature of
heat sink
6_12
Terminal I/O signal
status (displayed with
the ON/OFF of LED
segments)
6_13
Signal input terminal
status (in hexadecimal
format)
6_14
Terminal output signal
status (in hexadecimal
format)
6_15
No. of consecutive
occurrences
This is the number of times the same alarm occurs consecutively.
6_16
Overlapping alarm 1
Simultaneously occurring alarm codes (1)
(– – – – is displayed if no alarms have occurred.)
6_17
Overlapping alarm 2
Simultaneously occurring alarm codes (2)
(– – – – is displayed if no alarms have occurred.)
6_18
Terminal I/O signal
status under communication control
(displayed with the
ON/OFF of LED segments)
6_19
Terminal input signal
status under communication control
(in hexadecimal format)
6_20
Terminal output signal
status under communication control
(in hexadecimal format)
Shows the ON/OFF status of the digital I/O terminals. Refer to
"Displaying control I/O signal terminals" in [4] "Checking I/O
signal status" for details.
Shows the ON/OFF status of the digital I/O terminals under
RS-485 communication control. Refer to "Displaying control
I/O signal terminals under communication control" in [4]
"Checking I/O signal status" for details.
When the same alarm occurs a number of times in succession, the alarm information for
the first occurrence is retained and the information for the subsequent occurrences is
discarded. Only the number of consecutive occurrences will be updated.
3-31
3.2.3
Alarm mode
When an abnormal condition occurs, the protective function is invoked to issue an alarm, and the
inverter automatically enters Alarm mode. At the same time, an alarm code appears on the LED
monitor.
„ Releasing the Alarm and Transferring the Inverter to Running Mode
key to release the alarm and return to Running
Remove the cause of the alarm and press the
key only when the current alarm code is displayed.
mode. The alarm can be removed using the
„ Displaying the Alarm History
It is possible to display the most recent 3 alarm codes in addition to the one currently displayed.
or
key while the current alarm code is
Previous alarm codes can be displayed by pressing the
displayed.
„ Displaying the Status of Inverter at the time of Alarm
If an alarm occurs, you may check various running status information (output frequency and output
key when the alarm code is displayed. The item number and data
current, etc.) by pressing the
for each running information is displayed in alternation.
Further, you can view various pieces of information on the status of the inverter using the
or
key. The information displayed is the same as for Menu #6 "Alarm information" in Programming
mode. Refer to Table 3.19 in Section 3.2.2 [6] "Reading alarm information."
Pressing the
key while the status information is displayed returns the display to the alarm codes.
When the status information is displayed after removal of the alarm cause, pressing the
key twice will take you back to the display of the alarm code, and then the inverter will be
released from the alarm state. If a run command has been received by this time, the motor
will start running.
3-32
„ Transit to Programming Mode
You can also go back to Programming mode by pressing the
alarm is displayed, and modify the setting of function codes.
+
keys simultaneously while the
Figure 3.12 summarizes the possible transitions between different menu items.
Figure 3.12 Alarm Mode Status Transition
3-33
Chapter 4
RUNNING THE MOTOR
4.1 Running the Motor for a Test
4.1.1
Inspection and preparation prior to the operation
Check the following prior to starting the operation.
(1) Check if connection is correct.
Especially check if the power wires are connected to inverter output terminals U, V and W and
that the grounding wire is connected to the ground electrode correctly.
• Do not connect power supply wires to the inverter output terminals U, V, and W. Otherwise, the
inverter may be broken if you turn the power on.
• Be sure to connect the grounding wires of the inverter and the motor to the ground electrodes.
Otherwise, electric shock may occur.
(2) Check for short circuits between terminals
and exposed live parts and ground faults.
(3) Check for loose terminals, connectors and
screws.
(4) Check if the motor is separated from
mechanical equipment.
(5) Turn the switches off so that the inverter does
not start or operate erroneously at power-on.
(6) Check if safety measures are taken against
runaway of the system, e.g., a defense to
protect
people
from
unexpectedly
approaching your power system.
4.1.2
<for three-phase power supply>
Figure 4.1 Connection of Main Circuit Terminals
(Three-phase power supply)
Turning on power and checking
• Be sure to install the covers for both the main circuit terminal block and control circuit terminal
block before turning the power on.
Do not remove the cover during power application.
• Do not operate switches with wet hands.
Otherwise electric shock could occur.
Turn the power on and check the following points. This
is a case when no function code data is changed from
the factory setting.
(1) Check that the LED monitor displays *00
(meaning that the reference frequency is 0 Hz) that
is blinking. (See Figure 4.2.)
If the LED monitor displays numbers except *00,
then rotate the potentiometer to set *00 as the
reference frequency.
(2) Check if a built-in cooling fan rotates (for models
with 1.5 kW or more).
4-1
Figure 4.2 Display of the LED Monitor
after Power-on
4.1.3
Preparation before running the motor for a test--Setting function code data
Before starting running the motor, set function code data specified in Table 4.1 to the motor ratings
and your system design values. For the motor, check the rated values printed on the nameplate of
the motor. For your system design values, ask system designers about them.
For details about how to change function code data, refer to Chapter 3, Section 3.2.2
"Programming mode [1] Setting the Function Codes." If the motor capacity is different from the
inverter capacity, refer to Chapter 5, function code H03.
Table 4.1 Settings of Function Code Data before Driving the Motor for a Test
Function code
f 04
Name
Function code data
Factory setting
Base frequency
60.0 (50.0) (Hz)
f 05
Rated Voltage
(at base frequency)
0 (V)
(Output voltage interlocked
with the source voltage)
p 02
Motor Parameter
(Rated capacity)
p 03
Motor Parameter
(Rated current)
Rated current of applicable
motor
p 99
Motor Selection
0: Characteristic of motor, 0
(Fuji standard 8-series
motors)
f 03
Maximum frequency
f 07
Acceleration time 1*
f 08
Deceleration time 1*
Motor ratings (printed on the
nameplate of the motor)
(Note)
Applicable motor rated
capacity
System design values
* For a test-driving of the motor, 60.0 (50.0) (Hz)
increase values so that they
are longer than your system
6.00 (s)
design values. If the set time is
short, the inverter may not
6.00 (s)
start running the motor.
(Note)
(Note) Values in parentheses ( ) in the above table denote default settings for the EU version except
three-phase 200 V class series.
4-2
4.1.4
Test run
If the user set the function codes wrongly or without completely understanding this Instruction
Manual and the FRENIC-Mini User's Manual (MEH446), the motor may rotate with a torque or at
a speed not permitted for the machine.
Accident or injury may result.
Follow the descriptions given in Section 4.1.1, "Inspection and Preparation prior to the Operation" to
Section 4.1.3, "Preparation before running the motor for a test," and begin test-driving of the motor.
If any abnormality is found to the inverter or motor, immediately stop operation and determine the
cause referring to Chapter 6, "TROUBLESHOOTING."
------------------------------------------------ Procedure for Test Run -----------------------------------------------(1) Turn the power on and check that the LED monitor blinks while indicating the *00 Hz
frequency.
(2) With the built-in potentiometer clockwise, set a low frequency such as 5 Hz. (Check that the
frequency displayed on the LED monitor blinks.)
key to start running the motor in the forward direction. (Check that the reference
(3) Press the
frequency is displayed on the LED monitor correctly.)
(4) To stop the motor, press the
key.
<Check the following points>
• Check if the direction of rotation is correct.
• Check for smooth rotation without motor humming or excessive vibration.
• Check for smooth acceleration and deceleration.
When no abnormality is found, rotate the potentiometer clockwise to raise the reference frequency.
Check the above points for the test-driving of the motor.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4.2 Operation
After confirming that the inverter normally drives the motor in a test run, make mechanical
connections (connections to the machine system) and electrical connections (wiring and cabling),
and configure the necessary function codes properly before starting a production run.
Depending on the production run conditions, further adjustments can be required, such
as adjustments of torque boost (F09), acceleration time (F07/E10), and deceleration time
(F08/E11).
4-3
Chapter 5
FUNCTION CODES
5.1 Function Code Tables
Function codes enable the FRENIC-Mini series of inverters to be set up to match your system
requirements.
Each function code consists of a 3-letter string. The first letter is an alphabet that identifies its group
and the following two letters are numerals that identify each individual code in the group. The
function codes are classified into seven groups: Fundamental Functions (F codes), Extension
Terminal Functions (E codes), Control Functions of Frequency (C codes), Motor Parameters (P
codes), High Performance Functions (H codes), Application Functions (J codes), and Link Function
(y codes). To determine the property of each function code, set data to the function code.
The following descriptions supplement those given in the function code tables on page 5-3 and
subsequent pages.
„ Changing, validating, and saving function code data when the motor is running
Function codes are indicated by the following based on whether they can be changed or not when
the inverter is running:
Notation Change when running
Validating and saving function code data
Y*
Possible
If the data of the codes marked with Y* is changed, the change
will immediately take effect; however, the change is not saved
into the inverter's memory. To save the change, press the
key. If you press the
key without pressing the
key to exit
the current state, then the changed data will be discarded and
the previous data will take effect for the inverter operation.
Y
Possible
The data of the codes marked with Y can be changed with the
and
keys regardless of whether the motor is running or
key will make the change effective and
not. Pressing the
save it into the inverter's memory.
N
Impossible
—
„ Copying data
Connecting a remote keypad (option) to an inverter via the RS-485 communications card (option)
allows copying the data stored in the inverter's memory into the keypad's memory (refer to Menu #7
"Data copying" in Programming mode). With this feature, you can easily transfer the data saved in a
source inverter to other destination inverters.
If the specifications of the source and destination inverters differ, some code data may not be copied
to ensure safe operation of your power system. Therefore, you need to set up the uncopied code
data individually as necessary. Whether data will be copied or not is detailed with the following
symbols in the "Data copy" column of the function code tables given below.
Y: Will be copied unconditionally.
Y1: Will not be copied if the rated capacity differs from the source inverter.
Y2: Will not be copied if the rated input voltage differs from the source inverter.
N: Will not be copied. (The function code marked "N" is not subject to the Verify operation, either.)
It is recommended that you set up those function codes which are not subject to the Copy operation
individually using Menu #1 "Data setting" as necessary.
Refer to the Remote Keypad Instruction Manual (INR-SI47-0843-E) for details.
5-1
„ Using negative logic for programmable I/O terminals
The negative logic signaling system can be used for the digital input and output terminals by setting
the function code data specifying the properties for those terminals. Negative logic refers to the
inverted ON/OFF (logical value 1 (true)/0 (false)) state of input or output signal. An active-ON signal
(the function takes effect if the terminal is short-circuited.) in the normal logic system is functionally
equivalent to active-OFF signal (the function takes effect if the terminal is opened.) in the negative
logic system. An active-ON signal can be switched to active-OFF signal, and vice versa, with the
function code data setting.
To set the negative logic system for an I/O terminal, enter data of 1000s (by adding 1000 to the data
for the normal logic) in the corresponding function code. Some signals cannot switch to active-OFF
depending upon their assigned functions.
Example: "Coast to a stop" command BX assigned to any of digital input terminals [X1] to [X3] using
any of function codes E01 through E03
Function code data
7
1007
BX
Turning BX ON causes the motor to coast to a stop. (Active ON)
Turning BX OFF causes the motor to coast to a stop. (Active OFF)
„ Restriction on data displayed on the LED monitor
Only four digits can be displayed on the 4-digit LED monitor. If you enter more than 4 digits of data
valid for a function code, any digits after the 4th digit of the set data will not be displayed, however
they will be processed correctly.
5-2
The following tables list the function codes available for the FRENIC-Mini series of inverters.
If you find any [-] (not available here) mark in the related page column of the function code
tables, refer to FRENIC-Mini User’s manual (MEH446) for details.
F codes: Fundamental Functions
*1 Values in parentheses ( ) in the above table denote default settings for the EU version except three-phase
200 V class series of inverters.
*2 "Fuji's standard torque boost," "Nominal rated current of Fuji standard motor," and "Nominal rated capacity of
Fuji standard motor" differ depending upon the rated input voltage and rated capacity. Refer to Table 5.1 "Fuji
Standard Motor Parameters" on page 5-12.
*3 AVR: Automatic Voltage Regulator
(Note 1) For the three-phase 200 V, single-phase 200 V, and single-phase 100 V class series
(Note 2) For the three-phase 400 V class series
5-3
*1 Values in parentheses ( ) in the above table denote default settings for the EU version except the three-phase
200 V class series of inverters.
5-4
*4 Default settings for inverters with ROM version C1S11299 or earlier: F43 = 0 and F44 = 200 (For the ROM
version checking procedure, refer to Chapter 3, Section 3.2.2 [5] "Reading maintenance information.")
*5 The default setting of function code F50 is 999 for standard models, and 0 for braking resistor built-in type.
E codes: Extension Terminal Functions
5-5
*1 Values in parentheses ( ) in the above table denote default settings for the EU version except the three-phase
200 V class series of inverters.
*2 "Fuji's standard torque boost," "Nominal rated current of Fuji standard motor," and "Nominal rated capacity of
Fuji standard motor" differ depending upon the rated input voltage and rated capacity. Refer to Table 5.1 "Fuji
Standard Motor Parameters" on page 5-12.
(Note) Function codes E45 to E47 appear on the LED monitor; however, the FRENIC-Mini series of inverters does not
recognize these codes.
5-6
5-7
C codes: Control Functions of Frequency
5-8
P codes: Motor Parameters
H codes: High Performance Functions
*2 "Fuji's standard torque boost," "Nominal rated current of Fuji standard motor," and "Nominal rated capacity of
Fuji standard motor" differ depending upon the rated input voltage and rated capacity. Refer to Table 5.1 "Fuji
Standard Motor Parameters" on page 5-12.
(Note) Function code P14 is valid on inverters with ROM version C1S11100 or later. (The lowest four digits of the
ROM version can be displayed on the LED monitor. For details, refer to Chapter 3, Section 3.2.2 [5]
"Reading Maintenance Information.")
5-9
*6 The value in parentheses ( ) for H95 denotes the default setting for the EU version.
If initialized by H03, the H95 data reverts to "1" in the EU version.
(Note 1) Function code H71 appears on the LED monitor; however, the FRENIC-Mini series of inverters does not
recognize this code.
(Note 2) Function code H95 is valid on inverters with ROM version C1S11000 or later. (The lowest four digits of
the ROM version can be displayed on the LED monitor. For details, refer to Chapter 3, Section 3.2.2 [5]
"Reading maintenance information."
5-10
J codes: Application Functions
y codes: Link Functions
5-11
* The table below lists the factory settings of "Fuji's standard torque boost," "Nominal rated current of
Fuji standard motor," and "Nominal rated capacity of Fuji standard motor" in the "Default setting"
column of the above tables.
Table 5.1 Fuji Standard Motor Parameters
Nominal
Power
applied
supply
motor
voltage
(kW)
Threephase
200 V
Threephase
400 V
Singlephase
200 V
Singlephase
100 V
Fuji's standard
torque
boost (%)
Inverter type
Function code
F09
Nominal rated current of
Fuji standard motor (A)
Function codes
F11, E34 and P03
Shipping destination (version)
Nominal rated
capacity of Fuji
standard motor
(kW)
Function code
P02
Asia
EU
Japan
0.1
FRN0.1C1„-2†
8.4
0.62
0.68
0.61
0.1
0.2
FRN0.2C1„-2†
8.4
1.18
1.30
1.16
0.2
0.4
FRN0.4C1„-2†
7.1
2.10
2.30
2.13
0.4
0.75
FRN0.75C1„-2†
6.8
3.29
3.60
3.36
0.75
1.5
FRN1.5C1„-2†**
6.8
5.55
6.10
5.87
1.5
2.2
FRN2.2C1„-2†**
6.8
8.39
9.20
8.80
2.2
3.7
FRN3.7C1„-2†**
5.5
13.67
15.00
14.38
3.7
0.4
FRN0.4C1„-4†
7.1
1.09
1.15
1.07
0.4
0.75
FRN0.75C1„-4†
6.8
1.71
1.80
1.68
0.75
1.5
FRN1.5C1„-4†**
6.8
3.04
3.05
2.94
1.5
2.2
FRN2.2C1„-4†**
6.8
4.54
4.60
4.40
2.2
3.7
4.0
FRN3.7C1„-4†**
FRN4.0C1„-4†**
5.5
7.43
7.50
7.20
3.7
0.1
FRN0.1C1„-7†
8.4
0.62
0.68
0.61
0.1
0.2
FRN0.2C1„-7†
8.4
1.18
1.30
1.16
0.2
0.4
FRN0.4C1„-7†
7.1
2.10
2.30
2.13
0.4
0.75
FRN0.75C1„-7†
6.8
3.29
3.60
3.36
0.75
1.5
FRN1.5C1„-7†
6.8
5.55
6.10
5.87
1.5
2.2
FRN2.2C1„-7†
6.8
8.39
9.20
8.80
2.2
0.1
FRN0.1C1„-6†
8.4
0.62
0.68
0.61
0.1
0.2
FRN0.2C1„-6†
8.4
1.18
1.30
1.16
0.2
0.4
FRN0.4C1„-6†
7.1
2.10
2.30
2.13
0.4
0.75
FRN0.75C1„-6†
6.8
3.29
3.60
3.36
0.75
Note 1) A box („) in the above table replaces S or E depending on the enclosure.
2) A box (†) in the above table replaces A, C, E, or J depending on the shipping destination.
3) Asterisks (**) in the above table denote the following:
21:
Braking resistor built-in type (Available for inverters with 1.5 kW or above)
None: Standard
5-12
5.2 Overview of Function Codes
This section provides an overview of the function codes frequently used for the FRENIC-Mini series
of inverter.
For details about the function codes given below and other function codes not given below,
refer to the FRENIC-Mini User’s Manual (MEH446), Chapter 9 "FUNCTION CODES" and the
RS-485 Communication User's Manual (MEH448).
F00
Data Protection
Specifies whether function code data is to be protected from being accidentally
changed by keypad operation. If data protection is enabled (F00 = 1),
or
key
operation to change data is disabled so that no function code data, except F00 data,
can be changed from the keypad. To change F00 data, simultaneous keying of
+
keys is required.
F01, C30
Frequency Command 1 and 2
F01 or C30 sets the source that specifies reference frequency 1 or reference frequency 2, respectively.
Set F01 to:
To do this
0
Enable the
and
keys on the built-in keypad.
(Refer to Chapter 3 "OPERATION USING THE KEYPAD.")
1
Enable the voltage input to terminal [12] (0 to +10 VDC, maximum
frequency obtained at +10 VDC).
2
Enable the current input to terminal [C1] (+4 to +20 mA DC,
maximum frequency obtained at +20 mA DC).
3
Enable the sum of voltage and current inputs to terminals [12] and
[C1]. See the two items listed above for the setting range and
maximum frequencies.
Note: If the sum exceeds the maximum frequency, the maximum
frequency will apply.
4
Enable the built-in potentiometer (POT). (Maximum frequency
obtained at full scale of the POT)
• There are other frequency command means (such as the communications facility, multi-frequency, etc.) with higher priority than that of
F01. Refer to the FRENIC-Mini User's Manual (MEH446), Chapter 4,
Section 4.2 "Drive Frequency Command Generator" for more details.
• For frequency commands by terminals [12] (voltage) and [C1] (current) and by the built-in potentiometer, setting the gain and bias
changes the relationship between those frequency commands and the
drive frequency to enable matching your system requirements. Refer
to function code F18 for details.
• For the inputs to terminals [12] (voltage) and [C1] (current), low-pass
filters can be enabled. Refer to the FRENIC-Mini User's Manual
(MEH446), Chapter 9, "FUNCTION CODES" for details.
In addition to "F01 Frequency set 1," "C30: Frequency set 2" is available. To switch
between them, use the terminal command Hz2/Hz1. For details of the Hz2/Hz1,
refer to "E01 to E03, E98, and E99: Command Assignment to Terminals [X1] to [X3],
[FWD], and [REV]."
5-13
F02
Operation Method
Selects a source issuing a run command--keypad or external control signal input.
- If F02 = 0, 2, or 3, the inverter can run the motor by the
and
keys on the
built-in keypad. The motor rotational direction can be specified in two ways, either by control signal input (F02 = 0) or by use of prefixed forward or reverse
rotation (F02 = 2 or 3).
When F02 = 0, to specify the motor rotational direction by control signal input,
assign the commands FWD and REV to terminals [FWD] and [REV], respectively.
Turn on the FWD or REV for the forward or reverse direction, respectively, and
then press the
key to run the motor.
- If F02 = 1, the inverter can run the motor by control signal inputs. To specify the
motor rotational direction, assign the commands FWD and REV to terminals
[FWD] and [REV], respectively. Turn on the FWD or REV for the forward or reverse direction, respectively. If both of FWD and REV are turned on simultaneously, the inverter immediately decelerates to stop the motor.
The table below lists the operational relationship between function code F02
and
key operation, and
(Running/Stopping and Rotational Direction), the
control signal inputs to terminals [FWD] and [REV], which determines the rotational
direction.
Function
Key on the
code F02:
keypad
key
0
key
1
Ignored.
2
(forward/
fixed)
key
3
(reverse/
fixed)
key
Control signal inputs to
terminals [FWD] and [REV]
Motor
rotational
direction
Function code E98
FWD command
Function code E99
REV command
OFF
OFF
Stop
ON
OFF
Forward
OFF
ON
Reverse
ON
ON
Stop
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
Stop
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
Stop
ON
OFF
Forward
OFF
ON
Reverse
ON
ON
Ignored.
key
Ignored.
key
5-14
Stop
Forward
Stop
Reverse
Stop
• If you have assigned the FWD or REV function to the [FWD] or [REV]
terminal, you cannot change the setting of function code F02 while the
terminals [FWD] and [CM]* or the terminals [REV] and [CM]* are
short-circuited.
• If you have specified the external signal (F02 = 1) as the running
command and have assigned functions other than the FWD or REV
function to the [FWD] or [REV] terminal, caution should be exercised in
changing the settings. Because, if under this condition you assign the
FWD or REV function to the [FWD] or [REV] terminal while the terminals [FWD] and [CM]* or the terminals [REV] and [CM]* are
short-circuited, the motor would start running.
*[CM] replaces with [PLC] for SOURCE mode.
F03
Maximum Frequency
Sets the maximum frequency to drive the motor. Setting the frequency out of the
range rated for the equipment driven by the inverter may cause damage or a
dangerous situation. Set a maximum frequency appropriate for the equipment. For
high-speed motors, it is recommended that the carrier frequency be set to 15 kHz.
The inverter can easily set high-speed operation. When changing the speed setting,
carefully check the specifications of motors or equipment beforehand.
Otherwise injuries could occur.
If you modify the data of F03 to apply a higher drive frequency, concurrently change the data of F15 for a peak frequency limiter suitable to the
drive frequency.
F04
F05
H50
H51
Base Frequency
Rated Voltage at Base Frequency
Non-linear V/f Pattern (Frequency)
Non-linear V/f Pattern (Voltage)
These function codes set the base frequency and the voltage at the base frequency
essentially required for running the motor properly. If combined with the related
function codes H50 and H51, these function codes may set data needed to drive the
motor along the non-linear V/f pattern.
The following description includes setting-up required for the non-linear V/f pattern.
„ Base frequency (F04)
Set the rated frequency printed on the nameplate located on the motor.
„ Rated voltage at base frequency (F05)
Set 0 or the rated voltage printed on the nameplate labeled on the motor.
- If 0 is set, the inverter supplies voltage equivalent to that of the power source of
the inverter at the base frequency. In this case, the output voltage will vary in line
with any variance in input voltage.
- If the data is set to anything other than 0, the inverter automatically keeps the
output voltage constant in line with the setting. When any of the automatic torque
boost settings, automatic energy saving or slip compensation is active, the voltage settings should be equal to the rating of the motor.
5-15
If F05 is set to match the rated voltage of the motor, motor efficiency will
be better than that it is set to 0. Therefore, when brakes are applied to the
motor, energy loss decreases and the motor regenerates larger braking
energy, which can easily cause the overvoltage protection function (0un
where n =1 to 3 ) to be activated. Note that the allowable power consumption capacity of the inverter for braking energy is limited by the
specifications. If the overvoltage protection function is activated, it may be
necessary to increase deceleration time or use an external braking
resistor.
„ Non-linear V/f pattern for frequency (H50)
Sets the non-linear V/f pattern for frequency component.
(Setting 0.0 to H50 disables the non-linear V/f pattern operation.)
„ Non-linear V/f pattern for voltage (H51)
Sets the non-linear V/f pattern for voltage component.
If the rated voltage at base frequency (F05) is set to 0, the data settings of function
codes H50 and H51 will be ignored.
If you set the data of H50 to 25 Hz or lower (Operation under low base
frequency), the inverter output voltage may be limited.
Defining non-linear V/f patterns (F04, F05, H50 and H51)
Function codes F04 and F05 define a non-linear V/f pattern that forms the relationship between the inverter's output frequency and voltage.
Furthermore, setting the non-linear V/f pattern using function codes H50 and H51
allows patterns with higher or lower voltage than that of the normal pattern to be
defined at an arbitrary point inside or outside the base frequency. Generally, when a
motor is driven at a high speed, its internal impedance may increase and output
torque may decrease due to the decreased drive voltage. This feature helps you
solve that problem. Note that setting the voltage in excess of the inverter’s input
source voltage is not allowed. (For the single-phase 100 V class series, setting the
voltage that is two times or more the inverter's input source voltage is not allowed.)
„ Normal (linear) V/f pattern
5-16
„ V/f pattern with single non-linear point inside the base frequency
You can also set the optional non-linear V/f range (H50: Frequency) for
frequencies exceeding the base frequency (F40).
F07
F08
Acceleration Time 1, Deceleration Time 1
The acceleration time specifies the length of time the frequency increases from 0 Hz
to the maximum frequency. The deceleration time specifies the length of time the
frequency decreases from the maximum frequency down to 0 Hz.
„ In case the reference frequency is equal to the maximum frequency (F03)
The actual acceleration and deceleration times are the same as the specified acceleration time and deceleration time.
5-17
„ In case the reference frequency is lower than the maximum frequency (F03)
The actual acceleration and deceleration times are shorter than the specified acceleration time and deceleration time.
• If you choose S-curved acceleration/deceleration or curvilinear acceleration/deceleration in "curvilinear acceleration/deceleration" (H07),
the actual acceleration/deceleration times are longer than the specified
times.
• If you specify an improperly short acceleration/deceleration time, then
the current limiting function or the automatic deceleration function may
activated, resulting in an actual acceleration/deceleration time longer
than the specified one.
F09
F37
Torque Boost
Load Selection/Auto Torque Boost/Auto Energy Saving Operation
In general, there are two different properties of loads--the variable torque loud (fans
and pumps) and the constant torque load (industrial machinery). You can select a
V/f pattern optimized to the load property.
5-18
Manual torque boost
In manual torque boost mode, the inverter maintains the output at a constant level
regardless of the load. When you use this mode, select the appropriate V/f pattern
(variable torque or constant torque characteristics) with Load Selection (F37). To
keep the motor starting torque, manually select optimal inverter output voltage for
the motor and load by setting an optimal torque boost rate to F09 in accordance with
the motor and its load.
Setting an excessive torque boost rate may result in over-excitation and overheat of
the motor during light or no load operation.
Manual torque boost keeps the output voltage constant even if the load varies,
assuring stable motor operation.
Variable torque characteristics (F37 = 0)
Constant torque characteristics (F37 = 1)
• Set an appropriate torque boost rate that will keep the starting torque
of the motor within the voltage level in the low frequency zone. Setting
an excessive torque boost rate may result in over-excitation or overheat of the motor during no load operation.
• The F09 data setting is effective when F37 (Load Selection/Auto
Torque Boost/Auto Energy Saving Operation) is set to 0, 1, 3, or 4.
Automatic torque boost
This feature automatically optimizes the output voltage to fit the motor and its load.
Under a light load, it decreases the output voltage to prevent the motor from
over-excitation; under a heavy load, it increases the output voltage to increase
torque.
Since this feature is related to the motor properties, it is necessary to set the rated
voltage at base frequency (F05) and motor parameters (P codes) properly.
For the automatic torque boost feature, which is related to the motor
characteristics, you need to consistently set the voltage at the base
frequency (F05) and motor parameters P02, P03 and P99 appropriately
for the motor rating and characteristics.
Auto energy saving operation
This feature controls the terminal voltage of the motor automatically to minimize the
motor power loss. (Note that this feature may not be effective depending upon the
motor characteristics. Check the characteristics before using this feature.)
The inverter enables this feature for constant speed operation only. During acceleration and deceleration, the inverter will run with manual or automatic torque boost,
depending on function code F37. If auto energy saving operation is enabled, the
response to a change in motor speed may be slow. Do not use this feature for a
system that requires quick acceleration and deceleration.
5-19
Use auto-energy saving only where the base frequency is 60 Hz or lower.
If the base frequency is higher than 60 Hz, then you may get little or no
energy saving effect.
The auto energy saving operation is designed for use with the frequency
lower than the base frequency. If the frequency becomes higher than the
base frequency, the auto energy saving operation will be invalid.
For the auto energy saving function, which is related to the motor characteristics, you need to consistently set the voltage at the base frequency
(F05) and motor parameters P02, P03 and P99 appropriately for the motor
rating and characteristics.
Given below are examples of proper setting in combination with F09 and F37.
„ If you do not select auto energy saving operation
Load type
To select manual torque
boost, set:
Variable torque
F37 = 0
F09 = 0.0 to 20.0 (%)
Constant torque
F37 = 1
F09 = 0.0 to 20.0 (%)
To select automatic torque
boost, set:
F37 = 2
„ If you select auto energy saving operation
Load type
To select manual torque
boost, set:
Variable torque
F37 = 3
F09 = 0.0 to 20.0 (%)
Constant torque
F37 = 4
F09 = 0.0 to 20.0 (%)
5-20
To select automatic torque
boost, set:
F37 = 5
F10 to F12
Electronic Thermal Overload Protection for Motor
(Select motor characteristics, Overload detection level, and Thermal time constant)
F10 through F12 specify the thermal characteristics of the motor for its electronic
thermal overload protection that is used to detect overload conditions of the motor
inside the inverter.
F10 selects the motor cooling mechanism to specify its characteristics, F11 specifies the overload detection current, and F12 specifies the thermal time constant.
Thermal characteristics of the motor specified by these function codes are
also used for the overload early warning. Therefore, even if you need only
the overload early warning, set these characteristics data to function
codes F10 and F12.
F10 selects the cooling mechanism of the motor--shaft-driven or separately powered cooling fan.
Data for F10
1
2
Function
For a general-purpose motor with shaft-driven cooling fan
(The cooling effect will decrease in low frequency operation.)
For an inverter-driven motor, non-ventilated motor, or motor with
separately powered cooling fan
(The cooling effect will be kept constant regardless of the output
frequency.)
F11 specifies the level at which an overload condition is to be recognized. Ordinarily,
set F11 to 1.0 to 1.1 times the allowable continuous current (rated current of the
motor (P03)) at the rated drive frequency (base frequency) of the motor. To disable
the electronic thermal function, set F11 to 0.00 (no effect).
F12 sets the thermal time constant of the motor. The inverter interprets the time
constant as an operation period of the electronic thermal function. During the
specified operation period, the inverter will activate the electronic thermal function if
150% current of the operation level specified by F11 flows continuously. The time
constant of Fuji general-purpose motors and other induction motors is set to approximately 5 minutes by factory default.
Data entry range: 0.5 to 75.0 (minutes, in 0.1-minute increment)
F14
Refer to the FRENIC-Mini User’s Manual (MEH446), Chapter 9 "FUNCTION
CODES" for details of the shaft-driven cooling fan and characteristics of the
electronic thermal function.
Restart Mode after Momentary Power Failure
Selects the action of the inverter to be followed when a momentary power failure
occurs.
If the inverter detects that the DC link bus voltage has dropped to less than the
specified undervoltage limit during operation, it interprets the state as an occurrence of a momentary power failure. However, if the inverter runs with a light load
connected to the motor and the period of the power failure is too short, then it may
not detect the power failure and continue to run.
5-21
- Trip immediately (F14 = 0)
If a momentary power failure occurs when the inverter is in Running mode so that
the inverter detects undervoltage of the DC link bus, then the inverter immediately
stops its output and displays the undervoltage alarm lu on the LED monitor. The
motor will coast to a stop and the inverter will not restart automatically.
- Trip after recovery from power failure (F14 = 1)
If a momentary power failure occurs when the inverter is in Running mode, causing
the inverter to detect undervoltage of the DC link bus, the inverter immediately stops
its output without transferring to Alarm mode or displaying the undervoltage alarm
lu. The motor will coast to a stop. When the power is recovered, the inverter will
enter Alarm mode for undervoltage with displaying the alarm lu. The motor will be
still coasting.
- Restart at the frequency at which the power failure occurred (F14 = 4)
If a momentary power failure occurs when the inverter is in Running mode so that
the inverter detects undervoltage of the DC link bus, then the inverter saves the
current output frequency and stops its output to make the motor to coast to a stop.
When the power is recovered with any run command being on, the inverter will restart at the saved frequency.
During the momentary power failure, if the motor speed slows down, the current
limiter function of the inverter will be activated and automatically lower the output
frequency. Upon synchronization of the output frequency and motor speed, the
inverter accelerates up to the previous output frequency. Refer to the figure (F14 =
4) given below for details.
To synchronize the output frequency and motor speed, however, the momentary
overcurrent limiter (H12 = 1) should be enabled.
This setting is optimal for operations in which the motor speed rarely slows down
due to the heavy moment of inertia of its load even if the motor coasts to a stop
because of the momentary power failure.
- Restart at the starting frequency (F14 = 5)
If a momentary power failure occurs when the inverter is in Running mode so that
the inverter detects undervoltage of the DC link bus, then the inverter immediately
stops its output. After the power is recovered, entry of any run command will restart
the inverter at the frequency specified by function code F23.
5-22
This setting is optimal for operations in which the motor speed quickly slows down
to 0 r/min due to the heavy load with a very small moment of inertia if the motor
coasts to a stop because of the momentary power failure.
• There is a 0.5-second delay from detection of the undervoltage until
the motor is restarted This delay is due to the time required for the
residual electricity (magnetic flux) in the motor to drop sufficiently.
Therefore, even if the momentary power failure period is shorter
than 0.5 second, a delay of at least 0.5 second is required for the
motor to restart.
• When a momentary power failure occurs, the power supply voltage for
external circuitry (such as relay circuits) controlling the inverter may
also drop as low as to cause run commands to be discontinued.
Therefore, during recovery from a momentary power failure, the inverter waits 2 seconds for a run command to arrive. If it receives one
within 2 seconds, it will restart. If a run command arrives more than 2
seconds later, then the inverter should be restarted at the starting
frequency (F23). The external circuitry should be so designed that it
will issue a run command within 2 seconds in such an event; otherwise
it should incorporate a relay with a mechanical locking feature.
• If a coast-to-stop command BX is issued during the time from the
detection of a momentary power failure to restart, the inverter exits
from the state of waiting for restarting, and enters Running mode. If
any run command is issued, the inverter will start at the starting frequency (F23) preset.
If you select restart after momentary power failure (F14 = 4 or 5), the inverter will
automatically restart running the motor when power is recovered.
The machine should be so designed that human body and peripheral equipment
safety is ensured even after automatic restarting.
Otherwise an accident could occur.
F15, F16
Frequency Limiter (High and Low)
Frequency limiter (high) F15 sets the upper limit of the output frequency, while
frequency limiter (low) F16 sets the lower limit of the output, as shown below.
5-23
• When you change the upper frequency limit (F15) in order to increase
the running frequency, be sure to change the maximum frequency (F03)
accordingly.
• Maintain the following relationship among the parameters for frequency
control:
F03 F15 > F16 F23 F25, or F03 F15 > F16 F25 F23,
where, F23 is the starting frequency and F25 is the stopping frequency.
If the above relationship is not observed, then the motor may not
operate (accelerate, decelerate, or stop) at the specified frequency.
• If you specify the lower frequency limit (F16) above the upper frequency
limit (F15), the upper frequency limit (F15) will be automatically selected
and the lower limit (F16) will be ignored.
F18
C50
C32, C34
C37, C39
Bias (Frequency command 1)
Bias (Frequency command 1) (Bias base point )
Analog Input Adjustment for [12] (Gain and Gain base point)
Analog Input Adjustment for [C1] (Gain and Gain base point)
If you select any analog input for frequency set 1 (set by F01), you can define the
relationship between the analog input and the reference frequency arbitrarily by
combining the settings for bias (F18), bias base point (C50), gains (C32 and C37),
and gain base points (C34 and C39).
As illustrated in the graph below, the relationship between the reference frequency
and analog input level for frequency 1 is shown by a straight line passing through
points "A" and "B". The point "A" is determined by the bias command (F18) and its
reference point (C50). The point "B" is determined by the gain command (C32 or
C37) and its base point (C34 or C39). The combination of C32 and C34 will apply for
terminal [12] and that of C37 and C39 for terminal [C1].
The bias (F18) and gain (C32 or C37) should be set, assuming the maximum frequency as 100%. The bias base point (C50) and gain base point (C34 or C39)
should be set, assuming the full scale (+10 VDC or +20 mA) as 100%.
• Analog input under the bias base point is limited by the bias data.
• If "bias base point (C50) gain base point (C34/C39)," the inverter
interprets the setting as invalid and sets the output frequency at 0 Hz.
5-24
The relations stated above are indicated in the following expressions.
(1) If analog input
bias base point:
Frequency Setting 1 (%) = Bias (F18)
(2) If analog input > bias base point:
Frequency Setting 1 (%)
=
(Gain) − (Bias)
× Analog input
(Gain base point) − (Bias base point)
+
(Bias) × (Gain base point) − (Gain) × (Bias base point)
(Gain base point) − (Bias base point)
F18 × C34 − C32 × C50
= C32 − F18 × Analog input +
C34 − C50
C34 − C50
In the above expressions, each function code expresses its data.
Example: Setting the bias, gain and their base points when analog input range from
+1 to +5 VDC is selected for frequency command 1
(Point A)
If the analog input is at 1 V, to specify the reference frequency at 0 Hz, set the bias
at 0% (F18 = 0). Since 1 V is the bias base point and it is equal to 10% of 10 V, then
set the bias base point at 10% (C50 = 10).
(Point B)
If an analog input is at 5 V, then set the gain at 100% (C32 = 100) to keep frequency
at the maximum value. Since 5 V is the gain base point and it is equal to 50% of 10
V, set the gain base point at 50% (C34 = 50).
When using the function codes for setting a gain or bias alone without
changing any base points, the setting procedure for the function codes is
the same as that of Fuji conventional inverter models (FVR-C9S,
FVR-C11S, etc.).
F20 to F22
H95
DC Braking (Braking starting frequency, Braking level, and Braking time)
DC Braking (Braking response mode)
These function codes specify the parameters for DC braking, a mechanism to
prevent the motor from coasting due to the inertia of moving loads while it is decelerating to a stop. During a decelerated stop cycle, i.e., when any Run command
"OFF" has been issued or the reference frequency has dropped below the stopping
frequency, DC braking is invoked as soon as the output frequency has reached the
starting frequency (F20) for DC braking.
Set function codes F20 for the starting frequency, F21 for the braking level, and F22
for the braking time. Optionally, you can also select the quick-response DC braking
with H95.
5-25
H95 specifies the DC braking response mode as follows:
If H95 is
set to:
Braking mode
Meaning
0
Slow response
The DC braking current gradually ramps up. (The torque
may not be sufficient at the start of DC braking.)
1
Quick response
The DC braking current quickly ramps up. (Depending on
the inertia of the moving loads or the coupling state, the
revolution may be unstable.)
For three-phase 200 V and single-phase 200 V/100 V class series inverters
The braking level setting for the three-phase 200 V and single-phase
200 V/100 V class series should be calculated from the DC braking level
IDB (A) based on the reference current Iref (A), as shown below.
Setting (%) =
I DB (A)
× 100
I ref (A)
(Example) Setting the braking level IDB at 4.2 Amp (A) for 0.75 kW standard motors
Setting (%) =
4.2 (A)
× 100 = 84
5.0 (A)
Nominal applied
motor (kW)
0.1
0.2
0.4
0.75
1.5
2.2
3.7
Reference
current Iref (A)
0.8
1.5
3.0
5.0
8.0
11.0
17.0
The brake function of the inverter does not provide mechanical holding means.
Injuries could occur.
5-26
F23, F25
Starting Frequency and Stop Frequency
At the startup of an inverter, the initial output frequency is equal to the starting
frequency. The inverter stops its output at the stop frequency.
Set the starting frequency to a level that will enable the motor to generate enough
torque for startup. Generally, set the motor's rated slip frequency to F23.
For how to set the rated slip frequency, see function code P09.
If the starting frequency is lower than the stop frequency, the inverter will
not output any power as long as the reference frequency does not exceed
the stop frequency.
F26, F27
Motor Sound (Carrier frequency and Tone)
„ Motor Sound (Carrier frequency) (F26)
Changing the carrier frequency
may decrease the motor running noise, leakage current from
the output lines, and electric
noise from the inverter.
Carrier frequency
0.75 to 15 kHz
Motor running noise
Noisy to quiet
Output current waveform
Poor to good
Leakage current level
Low to high
Electric noise level
Low to high
Lowering the carrier frequency increases the ripple components (harmonic components) on the output current waveform so as to increase the
motor's power loss and raises the temperature of the motor. If the carrier
frequency is set at 0.75 kHz, for example, estimate the motor output
torque at 85% or less of the rated motor torque.
On the contrary, raising the carrier frequency increases the inverter’s
power loss and raises the temperature of the inverter. The inverter has a
built-in overload protection function that automatically decreases the
carrier frequency to protect the inverter. For details about the function,
refer to function code H98.
„ Motor Sound (Tone) (F27)
Changes the motor running sound tone. This setting is effective when the carrier
frequency set to function code F26 is 7 kHz or lower. Changing the tone level may
reduce the high and harsh running noise from the motor.
5-27
F30
F31
Analog Output [FMA] (Voltage adjustment and Function)
F31 allows you to output monitored data (such as the output frequency or output
current) to terminal [FMA] as an analog DC voltage that can be adjusted with F30
for the meter scale.
„ Voltage adjustment (F30)
Adjust the output voltage level within the range of 0 to 200%, supposing the
monitored amount of the monitor selected with function code F31 as 100%.
„ Function (F31)
F31 specifies what is output to the analog output terminal [FMA].
In the case of FRN4.0C1„-4†**, the actual output level for input power
will be multiplied by 108% while the reference motor rating is 3.7 kW.
5-28
For three-phase 200 V and single-phase 200 V/100 V class series of
inverters
Outputting the output current in an analog format (FMA) (F31 = 2)
The analog output terminal [FMA] outputs 10 V, that is, 200% of the reference current Iref (A), supposing the output gain selected with F30 as
100%. Therefore, to adjust the output voltage, you need to set the output
gain at terminal [FMA] (F30) based on the conversion result obtained by
the following expression:
z Conversion formula for calculating the output gain which is required for
outputting the voltage V (V) via terminal [FMA] when current I (A) flows
across the inverter
Output gain = 2 ×
I ref (A) V (V)
×
× 100
I (A) 10 (V)
Iref (A): Reference current (A)
The reference current is given in the table for F20 to F22 on page
5-26.
According to the conversion result, the output voltage to terminal [FMA]
can be calculated as shown below.
Analog output voltage (V) =
I (A)
Output gain (F30)
×
× 10 (V)
2 × I ref (A)
100
(Example) Outputting analog voltage 8V for 0.75 kW standard motors
when the inverter output current is 4.2A
Output gain = 2 ×
5.0 (A) 8 (V)
×
× 100 = 190.4
4.2 (A) 10 (V)
Analog output voltage (V) =
4.2 (A)
× 190 × 10 (V) = 7.98
2 × 5.0 (A) 100
Reference table
If you want to output analog 10 V at 200% of the rated current of any of the
single-phase 100 V class series of inverters, set the output gain at terminal
[FMA] (F30) as listed below.
F43, F44
Nominal applied motor (kW)
0.1
0.2
0.4
0.75
Output gain to be set to F30 (%)
114
107
120
119
Current Limiter (Mode selection and Level)
F43 enables or disables the current limiter. If it is enabled, the inverter controls the
output frequency so that the output current of the inverter does not exceed the level
set by F44. This way it prevents the motor from stalling and limits the output current
below the set level.
With F43, you may select whether the current limiter works during constant speed
operation only (F43 = 1) or during both acceleration and constant speed operation
(F43 = 2). Set F43 to 1, for example, to drive the motor at maximum performance in
the acceleration zone and to limit the drive current in the constant speed zone.
5-29
For three-phase 200 V and single-phase 200 V/100 V class series inverters
The limiting level setting for the three-phase 200 V and single-phase 200
V/100 V class series should be calculated from the current limiting level
Ilimit (A) based on the reference current Iref (A), as shown below.
Setting (%) =
I limit (A)
I ref (A)
× 100
(Example) Setting the current limiting level Ilimit at 4.2 A for 0.75 kW
standard motors
4.2 (A)
Setting (%) =
× 100 = 84
5.0 (A)
The reference current is given in the table for F20 to F22 on page
5-26.
• The current limiting feature selected by F43 and F44 are implemented
by software, so an operational delay may occur. To avoid the delay,
use the current limiter (hardware) simultaneously (H12 = 1).
• If an overload is applied when the limiting level is set extremely low,
the inverter will immediately lower its output frequency. This may
cause an overvoltage trip or dangerous turnover of the motor rotation
due to undershooting.
If the current limiter function has been activated, the inverter may operate at an acceleration/deceleration time or frequency different from the set ones. The machine
should be so designed that safety is ensured even in any current limiter operation.
Otherwise an accident could occur.
F50, F51
Electronic Thermal Overload Protection for Braking Resistor
(Discharging capability and Allowable average loss)
These function codes specify the electronic thermal overload protection feature for
the braking resistor.
Set the discharging capability and allowable average loss of braking resistors to
F50 and F51, respectively. Those values differ depending upon the specifications of
the braking resistor. Refer to the tables on the next page.
For built-in braking resistors, you may set 0 and 0.000 to F50 and F51, respectively.
Doing so will automatically apply the settings given in the table on the next page.
Refer to the FRENIC-Mini User’s Manual (MEH446), Chapter 7, Section 7.2
"Selecting a Baking Resistor" for details.
Depending on the discharging capability margin of a braking resistor, the
electronic thermal function may operate and issue the overheat alarm
dbh, even if the actual temperature of the resistor is lower than that
specified. Check braking resistor performance again and review the data
setting of function codes F50 and F51.
5-30
The following tables list the discharging capability and allowable average loss of the FRENIC-Mini
series inverters. These values are determined by inverter model and specifications (built-in or
external type) of braking resistors.
„ Built-in braking resistor
Power
supply
voltage
Inverter type
Three- FRN1.5C1„-2†21
phase FRN2.2C1„-2†21
200 V FRN3.7C1 -2 21
„ †
FRN1.5C1„-4†21
Threephase FRN2.2C1„-4†21
400 V FRN3.7C1„-4†21
FRN4.0C1„-4†21
Resistance
(Ω)
Capacity
(W)
60
40
40
60
240
40
160
Continuous braking
(Braking torque: 100%)
Discharging
Braking time
capability
(s)
(kWs)
18
14
12
15
8
18
14
12
15
8
Repetitive braking
(Period: 100 sec. or less)
Allowable
Duty cycle
average loss
(%ED)
(kW)
3
0.023
2
0.025
1.5
3
0.023
2
0.025
1.5
Note 1) A box („) in the above table replaces S or E depending on the enclosure.
2) A box (†) in the above table replaces A, C, E, or J depending on the shipping destination.
5-31
„ External braking resistor
Standard Models
The braking resistor is protected from overheating by a thermal relay incorporated in the braking
resistor. Assign "Enable external alarm trip" THR to one of the inverter’s digital input terminals [X1],
[X2], [X3], [FWD], and [REV], and connect it to the terminals 2 and 1 of the braking resistor.
If you choose not to use the thermal relay incorporated in the braking resistor, set up the overheat
protection device using the values given in the table below.
Power
supply
voltage
Inverter type
FRN0.4C1„-2†
FRN0.75C1„-2†
Threephase FRN1.5C1„-2†**
200 V
FRN2.2C1„-2†**
FRN3.7C1„-2†**
FRN0.4C1„-4†
Braking
resistor
type
Continuous braking Repetitive braking
(Period: 100 sec. or
(Braking torque:
Resis- Caless)
100%)
tance pacQ'ty
ity Discharg- Braking Allowable
(Ω)
Duty
average
ing
(W)
cycle
time
loss
capability
(%ED)
(s)
(kW)
(kWs)
DB0.75-2
100
200
9
17
DB2.2-2
40
DB3.7-2
400
33
DB0.75-4
200
200
FRN3.7C1„-4†**
FRN4.0C1„-4†**
FRN0.4C1„-7†
Single- FRN0.75C1„-7†
phase
200 V FRN1.5C1„-7†
DB3.7-4
130
DB0.75-2
100
200
40
400
FRN2.2C1„-7†
Single- FRN0.4C1„-6†
phase
100 V FRN0.75C1„-6†
0.093
5
0.044
22
0.068
18
0.075
10
100
200
45
33
30
0.077
7
37
20
0.093
5
0.044
22
45
0.068
18
0.075
10
30
0.077
7
0.044
22
0.068
18
9
34
33
DB0.75-2
7
20
9
17
DB2.2-2
10
37
34
400
18
0.075
0.077
17
160
0.068
30
Threephase FRN1.5C1„-4†**
400 V
FRN2.2C1„-4†**
1
22
33
FRN0.75C1„-4†
DB2.2-4
45
34
0.044
9
17
45
Note 1) A box („) in the above table replaces S or E depending on the enclosure.
2) A box (†) in the above table replaces A, C, E, or J depending on the shipping destination.
3) Asterisks (**) in the above table denote the following:
21: Braking resistor built-in type, None: Standard
5-32
10% ED Models
Power
supply
voltage
Inverter type
FRN0.4C1„-2†
FRN0.75C1„-2†
Braking
resistor
type
Continuous braking Repetitive braking
(Period: 100 sec. or
(Braking torque:
Resis- Caless)
100%)
tance pacQ'ty
ity Discharg- Braking Allowable
(Ω)
Duty
ing
average
(W)
time
cycle
capability
loss
(s)
(%ED)
(kWs)
(kW)
DB0.75-2C
100
Threephase FRN1.5C1„-2†**
200 V FRN2.2C1 -2
„ †**
DB2.2-2C
40
FRN3.7C1„-2†**
DB3.7-2C
33
FRN0.4C1„-4†
DB0.75-4C
200
FRN0.75C1„-4†
Three- FRN1.5C1 -4
„ †**
phase
400 V FRN2.2C1„-4†**
FRN3.7C1„-4†**
FRN4.0C1„-4†**
FRN0.4C1„-7†
Single- FRN0.75C1„-7†
phase
200 V FRN1.5C1„-7†
DB2.2-4C
1
DB0.75-2C
100
DB0.75-2C
50
55
140
200
50
55
400
130
FRN2.2C1„-7†
Single- FRN0.4C1„-6†
phase
100 V FRN0.75C1„-6†
400
160
DB3.7-4C
DB2.2-2C
200
140
200
50
40
400
55
100
200
50
250
133
73
50
75
250
133
73
50
75
250
133
73
50
250
133
0.075
0.110
0.185
0.075
0.110
0.185
0.075
0.110
0.075
Note 1) A box („) in the above table replaces S or E depending on the enclosure.
2) A box (†) in the above table replaces A, C, E, or J depending on the shipping destination.
3) Asterisks (**) in the above table denote the following:
21: Braking resistor built-in type, None: Standard
5-33
37
20
14
10
10
37
20
14
10
10
37
20
14
10
37
20
E01 to E03, Terminal [X1] to [X3] Function
Terminal [FWD] and [REV] Function
E98, E99
Function codes E01 to E03, E98 and E99 allow you to assign commands to terminals [X1] to [X3], [FWD], and [REV] which are general-purpose, programmable,
digital input terminals.
These function codes may also switch the logic system between normal and
negative to define how the inverter logic interprets either ON or OFF status of each
terminal. The default setting is normal logic system "Active ON."
To assign negative logic input to any input terminal, set the function code to the
value of 1000s shown in ( ) in Section 5.1 " Function Code Tables." To keep explanations as simple as possible, the examples shown below are all written for the
normal logic system.
„ Select multi-frequency (1 to 7 steps)--SS1, SS2, and SS4
(Function code data = 0, 1, and 2)
The combination of the ON/OFF states of digital input signals SS1, SS2, and SS4
selects one of 8 different frequency commands defined beforehand by 7 function
codes C05 to C11 (Multi-frequency 0 to 7). With this, the inverter can drive the motor
at 16 different preset frequencies.
The table below lists the frequencies that can be obtained by the combination of
switching SS1, SS2, and SS4. In the "Selected frequency" column, "Other than
multi-frequency" represents the reference frequencies defined by frequency
command 1 (F01), frequency command 2 (C30), or others.
Terminal [X3]
(E03)
Terminal [X2]
(E02)
Terminal [X1]
(E01)
2 (SS4)
1 (SS2)
0 (SS1)
OFF
OFF
OFF
Other than multi-frequency
OFF
OFF
ON
C05 (Multi-frequency 1)
OFF
ON
OFF
C06 (Multi-frequency 2)
Selected frequency
OFF
ON
ON
C07 (Multi-frequency 3)
ON
OFF
OFF
C08 (Multi-frequency 4)
ON
OFF
ON
C09 (Multi-frequency 5)
ON
ON
OFF
C10 (Multi-frequency 6)
ON
ON
ON
C11 (Multi-frequency 7)
„ Select ACC/DEC time (2 steps)--RT1
(Function code data = 4)
Digital input signal RT1 assigned to the specified terminal on/off may switch combinations between acceleration/deceleration time 1 (defined by function codes F07
and F08) and acceleration/deceleration time 2 (defined by E10 and E11).
Turning RT1 on, for example, enables the inverter to drive the motor using acceleration/deceleration time 2.
5-34
„ Enable 3-wire operation--HLD)
(Function code data = 6)
Digital input signal HLD may self-hold the forward FWD/ reverse REV run commands given at the external signal input terminals to enable 3-wire inverter operation.
Shorting the circuit between the HLD-assigned terminal and terminal [CM] (i.e.,
when HLD is ON) will self-hold the FWD or REV command. Opening the circuit will
release the hold. When HLD is not assigned, 2-wire operation involving only FWD
and REV takes effect.
„ Coast to a stop--BX
(Function code data = 7)
Shorting the circuit between the BX-assigned terminal and terminal [CM] will immediately stop the inverter output so that the motor will coast to a stop without issuing any alarms.
„ Reset alarm--RST
(Function code data = 8)
When the protection function has been activated (the inverter is in Alarm mode),
shorting the circuit between the RST-assigned terminal and terminal [CM] will reset
the alarm output on terminals [Y1] and [30A/B/C]. Opening the circuit will release all
the alarm indications to restart operation. Allow 10 ms or more for the short-circuit
time.
RST should be kept off for normal inverter operation.
„ Enable external alarm trip--THR
(Function code data = 9)
When the motor is running, opening the circuit between the THR-assigned terminal
and terminal [CM] will immediately stop the inverter output and issue the alarm 0h2.
The motor will coast to a stop.
„ Ready for jogging--JOG
(Function code data = 10)
You can choose either one of jogging operations specified following:
(1) When operated from keypad (F02 = 0, 2, or 3)
By state of
key on the keypad the motor becomes ready for:
ON
Start jogging
OFF
Stop jogging
(2) When operated from the digital inputs ([FWD] and [REV]) (F02 = 1)
By state of the digital inputs [FWD] and [REV] the motor becomes ready for:
ON
Start jogging
OFF
Stop jogging
Jogging operation follows the settings of:
- Jogging frequency set by function code C20
- Acceleration or deceleration time set by function code H54
5-35
Simultaneous
+
keying may also make the motor ready for jogging depending upon whether keypad operation or terminal command operation is selected
and whether the JOG command is on or off, as listed below.
When operated from keypad (F02 = 0, 2, or 3)
If JOG is:
ON
OFF
+
keys
The motor becomes
ready for:
Disabled.
Jogging
Toggles between normal and jogging.
Normal running
Jogging
When terminal command operation is selected (F02 = 1), simultaneous
keying is disabled.
+
„ Select frequency command 2/1--Hz2/Hz1
(Function code data = 11)
Turning the digital input signal Hz2/Hz1 on/off may switch the frequency command
means between frequency command 1 (defined by function code F01) and frequency command 2 (defined by function code C30).
Turning the Hz2/Hz1 command on allows the frequency command 2 to be selected.
„ Enable data change with keypad--WE-KP
(Function code data = 19)
Turning off the WE-KP command prohibits changing of function code data from the
keypad.
Only when the WE-KP command is on, you may access function code data from the
keypad according to the setting of function code F00 as listed below.
If WE-KP
is set to:
ON
OFF
Function code
F00 data
Function
0
Permit editing of function code data
1
Inhibit editing of function code data except F00
Inhibit editing of function code data
Disabled
If the WE-KP command is not assigned to any terminal, the inverter will interpret
WE-KP as being always on.
„ Cancel PID control--Hz/PID
(Function code data = 20)
Turning the Hz/PID command on/off enables or disables the PID control.
If the PID control is disabled with the Hz/PID being off, the inverter runs the motor
with the frequency manually set by any of multistep, keypad, or analog input.
Refer to the FRENIC-Mini User's Manual (MEH446), Chapter 4, Section 4.8
"PID Frequency Command Generator" for details.
5-36
„ Switch normal/inverse operation--IVS
(Function code data = 21)
Turning the IVS command on/off switches the output frequency control between
normal (proportional to the reference frequency components) and inverse operation
for the PID process or manually reference frequencies. To select the inverse operation, turn the IVS command on.
When the PID control is enabled, turning the IVS command on inverts the PID
process control selected by function code J01. For example, if the PID process
control is normal, turning it on switches it to inverse, or vice versa.
„ Enable communications link via RS-485 (option)--LE
(Function code data = 24)
Turning this terminal command ON assigns priorities to frequency commands or run
commands received via the RS-485 communications link (H30) (option).
No LE assignment is functionally equivalent to the LE being ON.
„ Reset PID integral and differential components--PID-RST
(Function code data = 33)
Turning on the PID-RST command resets the PID integral and differential components.
„ Hold PID integral component--PID-HLD
(Function code data = 34)
Turning on the PID-HLD command holds the current inverter output voltage constant by suppressing an increase of PID integral component.
„ Run forward--FWD
(Function code E98/E99 data = 98)
If the FWD command is turned on, the inverter runs the motor forward; if off, it
decelerates the motor to a stop.
„ Run reverse--REV
(Function code E98/E99 data = 99)
If the REV is turned on, the inverter runs the motor in reverse; if off, it decelerates
the motor to a stop.
5-37
E20, E27
Terminal [Y1] Function
Terminal [30A/B/C] Function
E20 and E27 may assign output signals to terminals [Y1] (transistor switch) and
[30A], [30B] and [30C] (mechanical relay contacts) which are general-purpose
programmable output terminals.
These function codes may also switch the logic system between normal and
negative to define how the inverter logic interprets either ON or OFF status of each
terminal.
Terminals [30A], [30B], and [30C] are mechanical relay contacts. In the normal logic,
if an alarm occurs, the relay will be ordinarily excited so that [30A] and [30C] will be
short-circuited, signaling an occurrence of the error to external equipment. On the
other hand, in the negative logic, the relay will cut off the excitation current to open
[30A] and [30C]. This may be useful for the implementation of fail-safe power systems.
If negative logic is active, powering off the inverter switches all output
signals to the active side (for example, the alarm side). To avoid adversary
effects caused by this, make an appropriate arrangement outside the
inverter as necessary, for example, interlocking its operation with a
power-on signal.
Since terminals [30A/B/C] are mechanical relay contacts, they cannot
withstand frequent on/off operations. If frequent signal outputs are expected e.g., assigning any current limiter signal and activating the current
limiter actively, then use [Y1]. For rare signal outputs, e.g., for inverter
protection purpose, use [30A/B/C].
The service life of a mechanical relay contact is 200,000 on/off operations
at one-second intervals.
To keep explanations as simple as possible, the examples shown below are all
written for the normal logic system.
„ Inverter running (Speed > 0)--RUN
(Function code data = 0)
This signal is turned on when the inverter is running at the starting frequency or
higher.
„ Frequency arrival signal--FAR
(Function code data = 1)
This signal is turned on when the difference between the output and reference
frequencies comes into the allowable error zone (prefixed to 2.5 Hz).
„ Frequency level detection--FDT
(Function code data = 2)
This signal is turned on when the output frequency of the inverter comes into the
frequency detection level specified by function code E31. It is turned off when the
output frequency drops lower than the detection level for 1 Hz (hysteresis band of
the frequency comparator: prefixed at 1 Hz).
5-38
„ Undervoltage detected--LU
(Function code data = 3)
This signal is turned on when the DC link bus voltage of the inverter drops below the
specified level or when the motor stops due to activation of the undervoltage protection feature (undervoltage trip). It is turned off if the DC link bus voltage exceeds
the specified level.
„ Inverter output limiting--IOL
(Function code data = 5)
This signal is turned on when the inverter is limiting the motor drive current by activating the current limiter of either software (F43: Mode selection, F44: Level) or
hardware (H12 = 1: Enable). The minimum ON-duration is 100 ms.
„ Auto-restart after momentary power failure--IPF
(Function code data = 6)
This signal is turned on during the period from when the inverter detects the undervoltage of the DC link bus and stops the output (if auto-restart after recovery of
power is selected (F14 = 4 or 5)) until auto-restarting (the output frequency has
recovered up to the reference frequency). At that moment of auto-restarting, this
signal is turned off.
„ Motor overload early warning--OL
(Function code data = 7)
This signal is used to issue a motor overload early warning for enabling you to take
corrective action before the inverter detects a motor overload (0l1 alarm) and
stops its output.
The motor temperature characteristics are specified by function codes F10 (Electronic thermal overload protection for motor) and F12 (Thermal time constant). If the
value calculated from the settings of F10 and F12 exceeds the detection level set by
Overload Early Warning/Current Detection/Low Current Detection (Level) (E34),
then this signal is turned on. Normally, the recommended set current level for E34 is
80 to 90% of the allowable current set by function code F11 (Overload detection
level).
Function code E34 is effective for not only the motor overload early
warning OL, but also for the operation level of the current detection ID and
low level current detection IDL.
„ Auto-resetting--TRY
(Function code data = 26)
This signal is turned on when the retry function specified by function codes H04
(Times) and H05 (Reset interval) is activated. Refer to function codes H04 and H05
for details of the output timing and number of retries.
„ Service lifetime alarm--LIFE
(Function code data = 30)
This signal is turned on when it is judged that the service life of any of capacitors
(DC link bus capacitor and electrolytic capacitor on the printed circuit board) and
cooling fan has expired.
5-39
This function provides a tentative information for service life of the parts. If this
signal is issued, check the service life of these parts in your system according to the
maintenance procedure to determine whether the parts should be replaced or not.
To maintain stable and reliable operation and avoid unexpected failures, daily and
periodic maintenance must be performed.
For details, refer to Chapter 7, Section 7.2, Table 7.2 "Replacement Parts
Judgement with Menu #5 "Maintenance Information" as a Guide."
„ Inverter output on--RUN2
(Function code data = 35)
This signal is turned on when the motor is driven by the frequency higher than the
starting frequency or DC braking is activated.
„ Overload prevention control--OLP
(Function code data = 36)
This signal is turned on when the overload prevention function is activated if the
frequency drop rate comes to be the setting specified by function code H70. The
minimum ON-duration is 100 ms.
For details of the overload prevention control, refer to the descriptions of
function code H70.
„ Current detected--ID
(Function code data = 37)
This signal is turned on when the output current exceeds the operation level set by
Overload Early Warning/Current Detection/Low Current Detection (E34: Level) for a
duration longer than specified by Current Detection/Low Current Detection (E35:
Timer). The minimum ON-duration is 100 ms.
Function codes E34 and E35 are used not only to set the current detection
ID, but also to set the operation level of the motor overload early warning
OL and low current detection IDL and the timer count.
„ Low level current detected--IDL
(Function code data = 41)
This signal is turned on when the output current drops below the operation level set
by Overload Early Warning/Current Detection/Low Current Detection (E34: Level)
for a duration longer than specified by Current Detection/Low Current Detection
(E35: Timer). The minimum turning-ON time is 100 ms.
Function codes E34 and E35 are used not only to set the low current
detection IDL, but also to set the operation level of the overload early
warning OL and current detection ID and the timer count.
„ Alarm output (for any fault)--ALM
(Function code data = 99)
This signal is turned on if the protection function is activated so that the inverter
enters Alarm mode.
5-40
E39
E50
Coefficient for Constant Feeding Rate Time
Coefficient for Speed Indication
This function code sets a coefficient to be used for setting the constant rate of
feeding time, load shaft speed or line speed and for displaying its output status.
Const. Feeding Rate Time (min) =
Coeff. for Speed Indication (E50)
Freq. × Coeff. for Const. Feeding Rate Time (E39)
Load Shaft Speed (r/min) = (E50: Coeff. for Speed Indication) × Frequency (Hz)
Line Speed (m/min) = (E50: Coeff. for Speed Indication) × Frequency (Hz)
Where, Freq. is the reference frequency if each expression is for one of the set data
for the constant rate of feeding time, load shaft speed, or line speed; it is the output
frequency if each expression is for the output status monitor.
PID display coefficients A and B (E40 and E41) are the exclusive conversion factors to equate an indicated value with the process command
and feedback amount in PID control.
E52
Keypad (Menu display mode)
Allows you to select the display mode on the keypad. For details of the operation of
the remote keypad, refer to "Limiting menus to be displayed" in Chapter 3.
This feature is provided to simplify the operation of the keypad. By default E52 is set
at 0 (Menu #1: Data setting) at factory shipment. With this setting (E52 = 0), you
cannot move to another menu with the
or
key.
Setting of Function Code E52
Menu items you can choose:
0: Function code data editing mode
Menu #1: Data setting
1: Function code data check mode
Menu #2: Data checking
2: Full menu mode
Menu #1 - #6 (#7*)
* Available only when a remote keypad is set up for operation.
If the full-menu mode is selected, pressing the
or
key will cycle
through the menu. With the
key, you can select the desired menu
item. Once the entire menu has been cycled through, the display will
return to the first menu item.
5-41
C21
Timer Operation
Enables or disables timer operation. If it is enabled, entering a run command will run
the inverter to drive the motor for the period preset to the timer.
An example of timer operation
• Setting up the timer conditions beforehand
- Set C21 to 1 to enable timer operation.
- To have the timer count displayed on the LED monitor at the time of power on, set
function code E43 (LED monitor display selection) to "13" (Timer count).
- Set up the frequency for the timer operation using the built-in potentiometer or
and
keys. If the LED displays the timer count, press the
key to
the
switch it to the speed monitor and then set the frequency for the timer operation.
• Timer operation (by giving a run command with the
key)
or
key to set the timer count (in seconds) while monitoring the
1) Use the
current count displayed on the LED monitor. Note that the timer count is expressed as integers.
Valid range of Timer Operation time: 1 – 9,999 (sec)
2) Press the
key to run the motor, and the timer will start the countdown. The
moment the timer finishes the countdown, the inverter stops running the motor
key is not pressed. (Timer operation is possible even when the
even if the
timer count is not displayed on the LED monitor.)
3) After the inverter decelerates the motor to a stop, the timer count on the LED
monitor will blink.
If timer operation started by the terminal command FWD is finished and
the inverter decelerates the motor to a stop, then the LED monitor displays
end and the monitor indication (0 if the timer count is selected) alternately. Turning FWD off will switch the LED back to the monitor indication.
5-42
P02, P03
Motor Parameters (Rated capacity and Rated current)
Sets the nominal rated capacity that is denoted on the rating nameplate of the
motor.
For FRN4.0C1„-4†**, the default setting for P02 is 3.7.
P09
Motor Parameters (Slip compensation gain)
Sets the gain to compensate for the motor slip frequency. It is based on the typical
slip of every inverter model as 100%. Set the compensation gain watching the
motor speed.
All the date listed below is applicable to the motors regardless to their output capacity.
Typical rated slip frequencies for 100%
Rated capacity
(kW/HP)
Fuji standard
8-series (Hz)
Typical motors
rated in HP
(Hz)
Fuji standard
6-series (Hz)
Other motors
(Hz)
0.06/0.1
1.77
2.50
1.77
1.77
0.1/0.12
1.77
2.50
1.77
1.77
0.2/0.25
2.33
2.50
2.33
2.33
0.4/0.5
2.40
2.50
2.40
2.40
0.75/1
2.33
2.50
2.33
2.33
1.5/2
2.00
2.50
2.00
2.00
2.2/3
1.80
1.17
1.80
1.80
3.7/5
1.93
1.50
1.93
1.93
For this function which is related with the motor characteristics, the voltage at the base frequency (F05) and motor parameters (P codes) should
be also set consistently.
P99
Motor Selection
To use automatic control features (e.g., the auto torque boost/auto energy saving
and slip compensation) or overload protection for the motor (electronic thermal), the
inverter invokes the parameters and characteristics of the motor. To match the
driving characteristics between the inverter and motor, set the motor characteristics
with this function code and set H03 to "2" to initialize the motor parameter. This
action automatically updates the data of function codes P03, P09 and the constants
used inside the inverter.
Motors
Fuji standard 8-series (currently standard models)
Fuji standard 6-series (conventional models)
Other motors or unknown models
P99 =
0
3
4
• For other motors, the parameters for Fuji 8-series motors are applicable.
• The inverter also supports motors rated by HP (Horse Power: typical in
North America, P99 = 1).
5-43
H03
Data Initialization
Initializes the current function code settings to the factory defaults or initializes the
motor constants (parameters).
To change the H03 data, it is necessary to press the
keys simultaneously.
If H03 is set to:
0
and
keys or the
and
Function
Disable initialization
(Settings made by the user manually will be retained.)
1
Initialize all function code data to the factory defaults
2
Initialize the P03 data (Rated current of the motor) and internally used constants to the motor constants determined by P02
data (Motor capacity) and P99 (Motor characteristics), as listed
on the next page.
Initializes P09 data (Slip compensation gain) to 0.0.
-If you do initialization while H03 is set at "1" or "2," H03 will automatically go back to
"0" (factory default) at the completion of initialization.
<Procedure for initializing motor constants>
- To initialize the motor constants, set the related function codes as follows.
1) P02 Motor Parameters:
(Rated capacity)
Set the rated capacity of the motor to be used
in kW.
2) P99 Motor Selection:
Select the characteristics of the motor. (Refer
to the descriptions given for P99.)
3) H03 Data Initialization:
Initialize the motor constants. (H03 = 2)
4) P03 Motor Parameters:
Set the rated current printed on the nameplate
Rated current):
if the set data differs from the rated current.
- If any value out of the general motor capacity is set for P02, the capacity will be
internally converted to the applicable motor rating (see the table on the next
page).
5-44
„ If P99 (Motor selection) is set to 0 (Fuji standard 8-series motors), 3 (Fuji standard 6-series
motors), or 4 (Other motors):
Power
Setting
range
(kW)
supply
Three-phase 400 V
Three-phase 200 V
Single-phase 200 V
Single-phase 100 V
voltage
Function
code
P02
Rated current (A)
Nominal
applied
motor
(kW)
If P99 (Motor selection) is set to:
0
3
4
Shipping destination
(Version)
Shipping destination
(Version)
Shipping destination
(Version)
Asia
EU
Japan
Asia
EU
Japan
Asia
EU
Japan
0.01 to 0.06
0.06
0.40
0.44
0.38
0.40
0.44
0.38
0.40
0.44
0.38
0.07 to 0.10
0.1
0.62
0.68
0.61
0.62
0.68
0.61
0.62
0.68
0.61
0.11 to 0.20
0.2
1.18
1.30
1.16
1.19
1.30
1.18
1.18
1.30
1.16
0.21 to 0.40
0.4
2.10
2.30
2.13
2.10
2.30
2.13
2.10
2.30
2.13
0.41 to 0.75
0.75
3.29
3.60
3.36
3.29
3.60
3.36
3.29
3.60
3.36
0.76 to 1.50
1.5
5.55
6.10
5.87
5.55
6.10
5.87
5.55
6.10
5.87
1.51 to 2.20
2.2
8.39
9.20
8.80
8.39
9.20
8.80
8.39
9.20
8.80
2.21 to 3.70
3.7
13.67 15.00
14.38 13.67 15.00
14.38 13.67 15.00
14.38
3.71 to 5.50
5.5
20.04 22.00
21.19 20.04 22.00
21.19 20.04 22.00
21.19
5.51 to 10.00
7.5
26.41 29.00
28.17 26.41 29.00
28.17 26.41 29.00
28.17
0.01 to 0.06
0.06
0.19
0.22
0.19
0.19
0.22
0.19
0.19
0.22
0.19
0.07 to 0.10
0.1
0.31
0.34
0.31
0.31
0.34
0.31
0.31
0.34
0.31
0.11 to 0.20
0.2
0.58
0.65
0.58
0.59
0.65
0.59
0.58
0.65
0.58
0.21 to 0.40
0.4
1.09
1.15
1.07
1.09
1.15
1.07
1.09
1.15
1.07
0.41 to 0.75
0.75
1.71
1.80
1.68
1.71
1.80
1.68
1.71
1.80
1.68
0.76 to 1.50
1.5
3.04
3.05
2.94
3.04
3.05
2.94
3.04
3.05
2.94
1.51 to 2.20
2.2
4.54
4.60
4.40
4.54
4.60
4.40
4.54
4.60
4.40
2.21 to 3.70
3.7
7.43
7.50
7.20
7.43
7.50
7.20
7.43
7.50
7.20
11.00
10.59 10.97
11.00
10.59 10.97
11.00
10.59
3.71 to 5.50
5.5
10.97
5.51 to 10.00
7.5
14.63 14.50
14.08 14.63 14.50
14.08 14.63 14.50 14.08
NOTE: The above values in the "Rated current" column are exclusively applicable to the four-pole Fuji
standard motors rated for 200 V or 400 V at 60 Hz. If the base frequency, rated voltage, and the number of
poles are different, however, change the P03 data to the rated current printed on the nameplate.
Also when you use non-standard or other manufacturer’s motors, change the P03 data to the rated current
printed on the motor's nameplate.
5-45
„ If P99 (Motor selection) is set to 1 (HP motors):
Power
Setting
range
(HP)
supply
Three-phase 200 V
Single-phase 200 V
Single-phase 100 V
voltage
Function
code
P02
Rated current (A)
Nominal
applied
motor
(HP)
1
Shipping destination (Version)
Asia
EU
Japan
0.01 to 0.10
0.1
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.11 to 0.12
0.12
0.68
0.68
0.68
0.13 to 0.25
0.25
1.40
1.40
1.40
0.26 to 0.50
0.5
2.00
2.00
2.00
0.51 to 1.00
1
3.00
3.00
3.00
1.01 to 2.00
2
5.80
5.80
5.80
2.01 to 3.00
3
7.90
7.90
7.90
3.01 to 5.00
5
12.60
12.60
12.60
5.01 to 7.50
7.5
18.60
18.60
18.60
25.30
25.30
25.30
7.51 to 10.00 10
Three-phase 400 V
If P99 (Motor selection) is set to:
0.01 to 0.10
0.1
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.11 to 0.12
0.12
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.13 to 0.25
0.25
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.26 to 0.50
0.5
1.00
1.00
1.00
0.51 to 1.00
1
1.50
1.50
1.50
1.01 to 2.00
2
2.90
2.90
2.90
2.01 to 3.00
3
4.00
4.00
4.00
3.01 to 5.00
5
6.30
6.30
6.30
5.01 to 7.50
7.5
9.30
9.30
9.30
12.70
12.70
12.70
7.51 to 10.00 10
NOTE: The rated current will be initialized to the value for motors rated for 230 V
or 460 V at 60 Hz. If the base frequency or rated voltage is different, change the
P03 data to the rated current printed on the nameplate.
5-46
H04, H05
Auto-reset (Times and Reset interval)
To automatically exit from the alarm status and restart the inverter, use the retry
functions. The inverter automatically exits from Alarm mode and restarts without
issuing a block alarm even if it has entered the forced Alarm mode. If the inverter
has entered Alarm mode many times in excess of the number of times specified by
function code H04, it issues a block alarm and does not exit Alarm mode for restarting.
Listed below are the recoverable alarm statuses of the inverter.
Alarm status
Overcurrent protection
LED monitor
display
Alarm status
Braking resistor
0c1, 0c2 or 0c3 overheated
LED monitor
display
dbh
Overvoltage protection 0u1, 0u2 or 0u3 Motor overloaded
0l1
Heat sink overheated
0h1
0lu
Motor overheated
0h4
Inverter overloaded
„ Number of reset times (H04)
Set the number of reset times for automatic exit from Alarm mode. If the inverter has
entered Alarm mode during the retry times specified, the inverter issues a block
alarm and will not exit from Alarm mode for restarting.
If the "auto-reset" function has been specified, the inverter may automatically restart
and run the motor stopped due to a trip fault, depending on the cause of the tripping.
Design the machinery so that human body and peripheral equipment safety is ensured even when the auto-resetting succeeds.
Otherwise an accident could occur.
„ Reset interval (H05)
Sets the latency time for automatic exit from Alarm mode. Refer to the timing
scheme diagram below.
Operation timing chart
5-47
H07
Acceleration/Deceleration Pattern
Specifies the acceleration and deceleration patterns (output frequency patterns).
Linear acceleration/deceleration
The inverter runs the motor with the constant acceleration and deceleration.
S-curve acceleration/deceleration
To reduce the impact on the inverter-driven motor during acceleration/deceleration,
the inverter gradually accelerates/decelerates the motor in both the acceleration/deceleration zones.
Curvilinear acceleration/deceleration
The inverter drives the motor to output maximum performance with a constant
loading rate as follows:
- In the zone under the base frequency, linear acceleration/deceleration of constant torque output for the motor
- In the zone above the base frequency, speed two times the base frequency and
acceleration/deceleration half of the base frequency
H12
Instantaneous Overcurrent Limiting
Selects whether the inverter will perform current limiting processing or cause an
overcurrent trip if the output current exceeds the instantaneous overcurrent limit
level.
If the instantaneous overcurrent limiting is enabled, the inverter will immediately
turn off its output gates to suppress the increase of current and control the output
frequency.
If current limiting processing makes the motor decrease its torque temporarily so as
to cause any problem, then disable overcurrent limiting to cause an overcurrent trip
and apply brake to the motor.
The same functions to limit the output current are implemented by software as function codes F43 and F44. Generally, software features have
an operation delay, so enable function code H12 as well.
Depending upon the load, acceleration in an extremely short period may
activate the current limiter to suppress the increase of the inverter output
frequency, causing the system oscillate (hunting) or making the inverter
enter the 0u Alarm mode and trip. When setting the acceleration time,
therefore, you need to take into account the load condition and moment of
inertia. Refer to the FRENIC-Mini User's Manual (MEH446), Chapter 7,
Section 7.1, "Selecting Motors and Inverters."
5-48
H69
Automatic Deceleration
The moment a regenerative energy exceeding the braking capacity of inverter is
returned during deceleration, the inverter will stop its output and enter overvoltage
Alarm mode. If regenerative energy suppressing control is enabled, the inverter
lengthens the deceleration time to 3 times the preset time and decreases the deceleration torque to 1/3 when the DC link bus voltage exceeds the preset voltage
suppressing level. In this way, the inverter makes the motor reduce the regenerative
energy tentatively.
This control is used to suppress the torque generated by the motor in
deceleration. Conversely, when the load on the motor results in a braking
effect, the control does not have any effect, so do not use it in this case.
Disable this control when the inverter features a braking resistor. If it is
enabled, the braking resistor and regenerative energy suppressing control
may conflict with each other, which may change the deceleration time
unexpectedly.
H70
Overload Prevention Control
Enables or disables the overload suppressing control. If enabled, this function code
is used to set the deceleration (Hz/s).
Before the inverter enters Alarm mode due to the heat sink overheat or overload
(alarm code: 0h1 or 0lu ), this control decreases the output frequency of the
inverter to suppress the trip.
Apply this control to equipment (such as pumps) whose drive frequency drops in
line with any decrease in load. If you want to proceed to drive such kind of equipment even the inverter slows down the output frequency, enable this control.
Do not use this control to equipment whose load does not slow if the
inverter output frequency drops, as it will have no effect.
If the following functions to limit the output current are enabled (F43 ≠ 0
and H12 = 1), this control does not work.
H96
STOP Key Priority/Start Check Function
The inverter can be operated using a functional combination of "Priority on STOP
Key" and "Start Check."
„ STOP key priority
key on the keypad forces the inverter to decelerate and stop the
Pressing the
motor even if the inverter is running by any run commands given via the terminals or
communications (link operation). After the motor stops, the inverter issues alarm
er6.
5-49
„ Start check function
The inverter prohibits any run commands to be executed and displays er6 on the
LED of keypad when:
- The power is first applied.
- The
key is pressed or the RST signal is turned on to cancel the alarm.
- Link command LE has switched inverter operations.
H97
Clear Alarm Data
Deletes the alarm information that has been accumulated in the internal memory of
the inverter.
To delete the alarm data, set H97 to "1" by simultaneously holding down the
keys, and then press the
key.
H98
and
Protection/Maintenance Function
Specifies a combination between automatic lowering of carrier frequency, output
phase loss protection, input phase loss protection.
Automatic DEC function for carrier frequency
Select this feature to protect the system from any failure which could result from the
inverter tripping due to the heat sink overheating (0h1 ) or overload (0lu ), abnormally high ambient temperature or a cooling mechanism failure. This feature
lowers the output frequency before the inverter enters Alarm mode. However, the
level of motor noise may increase.
Input phase loss protection (lin )
If a phase loss is detected in the three-phase input power source, the inverter will
enter Alarm mode and issue an alarm (lin ). This prevents the inverter from undergoing heavy stress that may be caused by input phase loss or interphase voltage unbalance exceeding 6%.
If connected load is light or a DC reactor is connected to the inverter, this
function will not detect input phase loss if any.
For inverters with single-phase input, this protection does not take effect.
Do not enable it. When you single-phase an inverter designed for a
three-phase input for the testing purposes, you may disable this protection
only if you can reduce its load.
Output phase loss protection (0pl )
The inverter will enter the alarm mode activated by the output phase loss protection,
and issue the alarm 0pl if it detects an output phase loss while it is running.
5-50
Chapter 6
TROUBLESHOOTING
6.1 Before Proceeding with Troubleshooting
If any of the protective functions have been activated, first remove the cause. Then, after
checking that the all run commands are set to off, reset the alarm. Note that if the alarm is reset
while any run commands are set to on, the inverter may supply the power to the motor which may
cause the motor to rotate.
Injury may occur.
-
Even though the inverter has interrupted power to the motor, if the voltage is applied to the
main circuit power input terminals L1/R, L2/S and L3/T (L1/L and L2/N for single-phase
voltage input), voltage may be output to inverter output terminals U, V, and W.
- Some electric charge may remain in the DC link bus capacitor even after the power is turned
off. Therefore, it may take some time until the DC link bus voltage reaches a safe level.
Before touching the circuit, wait for at least five minutes after the power has been turned off
and check that the DC voltage between main circuit terminals P (+) and N (-) is less than +25
VDC using a multimeter.
Electric shock may occur.
Follow the procedure below to solve problems.
(1) First, check that the inverter is correctly wired, referring to Chapter 2, Section 2.3.5 "Wiring for
Main Circuit Terminals and Grounding Terminals."
(2) Check whether an alarm code is displayed on the LED monitor.
If any problems persist after the above recovery procedure, contact your Fuji Electric representative.
6-1
Quick reference table of alarm codes
Alarm code
Name
Refer to Alarm code
Name
Refer to
0h4
PTC thermistor for motor
protection
p.6-13
dbh
Overheat protection for
braking resistor
p.6-14
0c3
0l1
Electronic thermal overload
relay
p.6-14
0u1
0lu
Overload protection
p.6-15
er1
Memory error
p.6-15
er2
Remote keypad
communications error
p.6-16
0c1
0c2
0u2
Overcurrent protection
Overvoltage protection
p.6-9
p.6-10
0u3
lu
lin
Undervoltage protection
p.6-10
er3
CPU error
p.6-16
Input phase loss protection
p.6-11
er6
Operation protection
p.6-17
er8
RS-485 communications
error
p.6-17
erf
Data save error during
undervoltage
p.6-18
0pl
Output phase loss protection
p.6-12
0h1
Overheat protection for heat
sink
p.6-12
0h2
External alarm input
p.6-13
(Note) An under bar ( _ _ _ _ ) will be displayed when an undervoltage condition is detected and a run
command is present while the setting of F14 (Restart mode after momentary power failure (function
selection)) is not “0.”
6-2
6.2 If No Alarm Code Appears on the LED Monitor
6.2.1
[1]
Motor is running abnormally
The motor does not rotate.
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1) No power supplied to the
inverter.
Check the input voltage, output voltage and interphase voltage
unbalance.
Turn on a molded case circuit breaker, an earth leakage
circuit breaker (with overcurrent protection) or a magnetic
contactor.
Check for voltage drop, phase loss, poor connections, or
poor contacts, and fix them if necessary.
(2) No forward/reverse
operation command was
inputted, or both the
commands were inputted
simultaneously (external
signal operation).
Check the input status of the forward/reverse command with
Menu #4 "I/O checking" using the keypad.
(3) No indication of rotation
direction (keypad
operation).
Check the input status of the forward/reverse rotation direction
command with Menu #4 "I/O checking" using the keypad.
(4) The inverter could not
accept any run commands
from the keypad since it
was in Programming
mode.
Check which operation mode the inverter is in, using the
keypad.
(5) A run command with
higher priority than the
one attempted was active,
and the run command was
stopped.
While referring to the block diagram of the drive command
generator*, check the higher priority run command with Menu
#2 "Data checking" and Menu #4 "I/O checking" using the
keypad.
Input a run command.
Set either the forward or reverse operation command to off if
both commands are being inputted.
Correct the assignment of commands FWD and REV to
function codes E98 and E99.
Connect the external circuit wires to control circuit terminals
[FWD] and [REV] correctly.
Input the rotation direction (F02 = 0), or select the keypad
operation with which the rotation direction is fixed (F02 = 2
or 3).
Shift the operation mode to Running mode and enter a run
command.
*Refer to the FRENIC-Mini User’s Manual (MEH446), Chapter 4.
Correct any incorrect function code data settings (e.g.,
cancel the higher priority run command).
(6) The reference frequency
was set below the starting
or stop frequency.
Check that a frequency command has been entered, with
Menu #4 "I/O checking" using the keypad.
Set the value of the frequency command to the same or
higher than that of the starting or stop frequency (F23 or
F25).
Reconsider the starting and stop frequencies (F23 and
F25), and if necessary, change them to lower values.
Inspect the frequency command devices, signal converters,
switches, or relay contacts. Replace any ones that are
faulty.
Connect the external circuit wires correctly to terminals [13],
[12], [11] and [C1].
6-3
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(7) A frequency command
with higher priority than
the one attempted was
active.
Check the higher priority run command with Menu #2 "Data
checking" and Menu #4 "I/O checking" using the keypad,
referring to the block diagram of the drive command generator.
*Refer the FRENIC-Mini User’s Manual (MEH446), Chapter 4.
Correct any incorrect function code data settings (e.g.
cancel the higher priority run command).
(8) The peak and bottom
frequencies for the
frequency limiters were
set incorrectly.
Check the data of function codes F15 (frequency limiter (high))
and F16 (frequency limiter (low)).
(9) The coast-to-stop
command was effective.
Check the data of function codes E01, E02, E03, E98 and E99
and the input signal status with Menu #4 "I/O checking" using
the keypad.
(10) Broken wire, incorrect
connection or poor contact
with the motor.
Check the cabling and wiring (Measure the output current).
(11) Overload
Measure the output current.
Change the settings of F15 and F16 to the correct ones.
Release the coast-to-stop command setting.
Repair the wires to the motor, or replace them.
Lighten the load.
Check that a mechanical brake is in effect.
Release the mechanical brake, if any.
(12) Torque generated by the
motor was insufficient.
Check that the motor starts running if the value of torque boost
(F09) is increased.
Increase the value of torque boost (F09) and try to run the
motor.
Check the data of function codes F04, F05, H50, and H51.
Change the V/f pattern to match the motor's characteristics.
[2]
The motor rotates, but the speed does not increase.
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1) The maximum frequency
currently specified was too
low.
Check the data of function code F03 (Maximum frequency).
(2) The data of frequency
limiter currently specified
was too low.
Check the data of function code F15 (Frequency limiter (high)).
(3) The reference frequency
currently specified was too
low.
Check the signals for the frequency command from the control
circuit terminals with Menu #4 "I/O checking" using the keypad.
Readjust the data of the maximum frequency (F03).
Readjust the setting of F15.
Increase the frequency of the command.
If an external potentiometer for frequency command, signal
converter, switches, or relay contacts are malfunctioning,
replace them.
Connect the external circuit wires to terminals [13], [12],
[11], and [C1] correctly.
6-4
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(4) A frequency command
with higher priority than
the one attempted (e.g.,
multi-frequency,
communications or
jogging operation, etc.)
was active and the
reference frequency was
set to too low a value.
Check the settings (data) of the relevant function codes and
what frequency commands are being received, through Menu
#1 "Data setting," Menu #2 "Data checking" and Menu #4 "I/O
checking," using the remote keypad and referring to the block
diagram of the frequency setting circuit.
(5) The acceleration/
deceleration time was too
long.
Check the data of function codes F07, F08, E10, E11 and H54.
(6) Overload
Measure the output current.
*Refer to the FRENIC-Mini User’s Manual (MEH446), Chapter 4.
Correct any incorrect function code data settings (e.g.
cancel higher priority run commands, etc.).
Change the acceleration/deceleration time to match the
load.
Lighten the load (e.g., operate the mechanical brake
correctly).
Check if mechanical brake is working.
Release the mechanical brake.
(7) The current limiting
operation did not increase
the output frequency.
Make sure that F43 (Current limiter (mode selection)) is set to
"2" and check the setting of F44 (Current limiter (level)).
Readjust the setting of F44, or disable the function of current
limiting in F43.
Decrease the value of torque boost (F09), then turn the power
off and back on again and check if the speed increases.
Adjust the value of the torque boost (F09).
Check the data of function codes F04, F05, H50, and H51 to
ensure that the V/f pattern is right.
Match the V/f pattern values with the motor ratings.
(8) Bias and gain set
incorrectly.
Check the data of function codes F18, C50, C32, C34, C37 and
C39.
Readjust the bias and gain to appropriate values.
[3]
The motor runs in the opposite direction to the command.
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1) Wiring has been
connected to the motor
incorrectly
Check the wiring to the motor.
(2) Incorrect connection and
settings for run commands
and rotation direction
command FWD and REV
Check the data of function codes E98 and E99 and the
connection to terminals [FWD] and [REV].
(3) The setting for the rotation
direction via keypad
operation is incorrect.
Check the data of function code F02 (Operation method).
Connect terminals U, V, and W of the inverter to the
respective U, V, and W terminals of the motor.
Correct the data of the function codes and the connection.
Change the data of function code F02 to 2 (forward rotation)
or 3 (reverse rotation).
6-5
[4]
If the speed variation and current vibration (such as hunting) occur at the constant
speed
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1) The frequency command
fluctuated.
Check the signals for the frequency command with Menu #4
"I/O checking" using the keypad.
Increase the filter constants (C33 and C38) for the
frequency command.
(2) The external frequency
command device was
used.
Check that there is no noise in the control signal wires from
external sources.
(3) The slip compensation
gain was too large.
Check that the motor vibration is absorbed if the slip
compensation (P09) is cancelled.
Isolate the control signal wires from the main circuit wires as
far as possible.
Use shielded or twisted wires for the control signal.
Readjust the slip compensation value (P09) or deactivate
slip compensation altogether.
(4) The vibration system
having low stiffness in a
load caused hunting or the
current is irregular due to
special motor constants.
Cancel the automatic control system (automatic torque boost,
slip compensation, energy saving operation, overload
prevention control, current limiting) and check that the motor
vibration is suppressed (F37, P09, H70, and F43).
Cancel the functions causing the vibration.
Readjust the data of the oscillation suppression gain (H80)
currently set to appropriate values.
Check that the motor vibration is suppressed if you decrease
the level of the motor sound (carrier frequency) (F26) or set the
motor sound (tone) to "0" (F27 = 0).
Decrease the carrier frequency (F26) or set the sound tone
to "0" (F27 = 0).
[5]
If grating sound can be heard from motor
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1) The carrier frequency was
set too low.
Check the data of function codes F26 (Motor sound (carrier
frequency)) and F27 (Motor sound (tone)).
Increase the carrier frequency (F26).
Readjust the setting of F27 to appropriate value.
[6]
The motor does not accelerate and decelerate at the set time.
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1) The inverter ran the motor
by S-curve or curvilinear
pattern.
Check the data of function code H07 (Acceleration/
deceleration pattern).
(2) The current limiting
prevented the output
frequency from
increasing.
Make sure that F43 (Current limiter (mode selection)) is set to
"2", and check that the setting of F44 (Current limiter (level)) is
reasonable.
Select the linear pattern (H07 = 0).
Readjust the setting of F44 to appropriate value, or disable
the function of current limiting in F43.
Increase the acceleration/deceleration time (F07, F08, E10,
and E11).
6-6
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(3) The automatic
deceleration was active.
Check the data of function code H69 (Automatic deceleration
(mode selection)).
Consider the use of a braking resistor.
Increase the deceleration time (F08 and E11).
(4) Overload
Measure the output current.
(5) Torque generated by the
motor was insufficient.
Check that the motor starts running if the value of the torque
boost (F09) is increased.
(6) An external frequency
command device is being
used.
Check that there is no noise in the external signal wires.
Lighten the load.
Increase the value of the torque boost (F09).
[7]
Isolate the control signal wires from the main circuit wires as
far as possible.
Use shielded wire or twisted wire for the control signal wires.
Even if the power recovers after a momentary power failure, the motor does not restart.
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1) The setting of function
code F14 is either 0 or 1.
Check if an undervoltage trip occurs.
(2) The run command stayed
off even after power has
been restored.
Check the input signal with Menu #4 "I/O checking" using the
keypad.
[8]
Change the data of function code F14 (Restart mode after
momentary power failure (mode selection)) to 4 or 5.
Check the power recovery sequence with an external circuit.
If necessary, consider the use of a relay that can keep the
run command on.
The inverter does not run as expected
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1) Wrong configuration
of function codes
Check that all function codes are correctly configured.
Correct the configuration of the function codes.
Make a note of function code data currently configured and initialize
all function code data (H03).
After initialization, reconfigure the necessary function codes one
by one, checking the running status of the inverter.
6-7
6.2.2
[1]
Problems with inverter settings
Data of function codes cannot be changed
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1) An attempt was made to
change function code data
that cannot be changed
when the inverter is
running.
Check if the inverter is running with Menu #3 "Drive monitoring"
using the keypad and then confirm whether the data of the
function codes can be changed when the motor is running by
referring to the function code tables.
(2) The data of the function
codes is protected.
Check the data of function code F00 (Data protection).
(3) The WE-KP command
("Enable editing of
function codes data from
keypad") is not input
though it has been
assigned to a digital input
terminal.
Check the data of function codes E01, E02, E03, E98 and E99
and the input signals with Menu #4 "I/O checking" using the
keypad.
(4) DC link bus voltage was
below the undervoltage
detection level.
Check the DC link bus voltage with Menu #5 "Maintenance
information" and measure the input voltage using the keypad.
[2]
Stop the motor then change the data of the function codes.
Change the setting of F00 from "1" to "0."
Change the setting of F00 from "1" to "0," or input a WE-KP
command through a digital input terminal.
Connect the inverter to a power supply that matches its
input rating.
The desired menu is not displayed.
Causes
Check and Measures
(1) The limiting menus
function was not selected
appropriately.
Check the data of function code E52 (Menu display mode).
[3]
Change the data of function code E52 so that the desired
menu can be displayed.
Nothing appears on the LED monitor.
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1) No power supplied to the
inverter.
Check the input voltage, output voltage and interphase voltage
unbalance.
Connect a molded case circuit breaker, an earth leakage
circuit breaker (with overcurrent protection) or a magnetic
contactor.
Check for voltage drop, phase loss, poor connections, or
poor contacts, and fix them if necessary.
(2) The power for the control
circuit did not reach a high
enough level.
Check if the jumper bar has been removed between terminals
P1 and P (+) or if there is poor contact between the jumper bar
and the terminals.
Connect the jumper bar to terminals P1 and P (+) or tighten
the screws. Or connect a DC reactor.
Replace the inverter if it is malfunctioning.
6-8
6.3 If an Alarm Code Appears on the LED Monitor
[1]
0cn Overcurrent protection
Problem
The inverter output current momentarily exceeded the overcurrent level.
Overcurrent occurred during acceleration.
Overcurrent occurred during deceleration.
Overcurrent occurred when running at a constant speed.
0c1
0c2
0c3
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1) The inverter output
terminals were
short-circuited.
Remove the wires connected to the inverter output terminals
(U, V, and W) and measure the interphase resistance. Check if
the resistance is too low.
Î Remove the part that short-circuited (including replacement
of the wires, relay terminals and motor).
(2) Ground faults occurred at
the inverter output
terminals.
Remove the wires connected to the inverter output terminals
(U, V, and W) and perform a Megger test.
(3) Loads were too heavy.
Measure the motor current with a measuring device, and to
trace the current trend. Therefore, use this information to judge
if the trend is over the calculated load value for your system
design.
Î Remove the part that short-circuited (including replacement
of the wires, relay terminals and motor).
ÎIf the load is too heavy, decrease it or raise the inverter
capacity.
Trace the current trend and check if there are any sudden
changes in the current.
Î If there are any sudden changes, make the load variation
smaller or raise the inverter capacity.
Î Enable instantaneous overcurrent limiting (H12 = 1).
(4) The value set for torque
boost (F09) was too large.
(F37 = 0, 1, 3, or 4)
Check that the output current decreases and the motor does
not come to stall if you set a lower value than the current one
for F09.
Î Lower the value for torque boost (F09) if the motor is not
going to stall.
(5) The acceleration/
deceleration time was too
short.
Check that the motor generates enough torque required during
acceleration/deceleration. That torque is calculated from the
moment of inertia for the load and the acceleration/
deceleration time.
Î Increase the acceleration/deceleration time (F07, F08, E10,
E11, and H54).
Î Enable current limiting (F43).
Î Raise the inverter capacity.
(6) Malfunction caused by
noise
Check if noise control measures are appropriate (e.g., correct
grounding and routing of control and main circuit wires).
Î Implement noise control measures. For details, refer to
"Appendix A" of the FRENIC-Mini User’s Manual (MEH446).
Î Enable the retry function (H04).
6-9
[2]
0un Overvoltage protection
Problem
The DC link bus voltage was over the detection level of overvoltage.
Overvoltage occurs during the acceleration.
Overvoltage occurs during the deceleration.
0u3 Overvoltage occurs during running at constant speed.
0u1
0u2
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1) The power supply voltage
was over the range of the
inverter’s specifications.
Measure the input voltage.
(2) The acceleration time was
too short.
Check if the overvoltage alarm occurs after sudden
acceleration.
Decrease the voltage to within that of the specifications.
Increase the acceleration time (F07, E10, and H54).
Select the S-curve pattern (H07).
Consider the use of a braking resistor.
(3) The deceleration time was
too short for the moment
of inertia for load.
Recalculate the deceleration torque from the moment of inertia
for load and the deceleration time.
(4) Loads were suddenly
removed.
- Check if the alarm occurs when loads are suddenly
removed.
- Check if the inverter operation suddenly changes from
driving operation to braking operation.
(5) Braking load was too
heavy.
Compare the braking torque of the load with that of the inverter.
(6) Malfunction caused by
noise.
Check if the DC link bus voltage was below the protective level
when the alarm occurred.
Increase the deceleration time (F08, E11, and H54).
Enable automatic deceleration (H69=1) so that when the
DC link bus voltage exceeds the overvoltage suppression
level, the inverter changes the deceleration time to three
times longer than the set value.
Set the rated voltage (at base frequency) (F05) to 0 to
improve braking ability.
Consider the use of a braking resistor.
Consider the use of a braking resistor.
Set the rated voltage (at base frequency) (F05) to 0 to
improve braking ability.
Consider the use of a braking resistor.
Improve noise control. For details, refer to "Appendix A" of
the FRENIC-Mini User’s Manual (MEH446).
Enable the retry function (H04).
[3]
lu Undervoltage protection
Problem
DC link bus voltage was below the undervoltage detection level.
Possible Causes
(1) A momentary power
failure occurred.
What to Check and Suggested Measures
Reset the alarm.
If you want to restart running the motor by not treating this
condition as an alarm, set F14 to "4" or "5," depending on
the load.
6-10
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(2) The power to the inverter
was switched back on too
soon (with F14 = 1)
Check with LED monitor if the power to the inverter was
switched back on although its control circuit was still operating.
(3) The power supply voltage
did not reach the range of
the inverter’s
specifications.
Measure the input voltage.
(4) Peripheral equipment for
the power circuit
malfunctioned, or the
connection was incorrect.
Measure the input voltage to find where the peripheral
equipment malfunctioned or which connection is incorrect.
(5) Other loads were
connected to the same
power system and
required a large current to
start running to the extent
that it caused a temporary
voltage drop on the supply
side.
Measure the input voltage and check the voltage variation.
(6) Inverter's inrush current
caused the power voltage
drop because power
transformer capacity was
insufficient.
Check if the alarm occurs when you switch on a molded case
circuit breaker, an earth leakage circuit breaker (with
overcurrent protection) or a magnetic contactor.
[4]
Make the interval longer for re-power on.
Increase the voltage to within that of the specifications.
Replace any faulty peripheral equipment, or correct any
incorrect connections.
Reconsider the power system configuration.
Reconsider the capacity of the power transformer.
lin Input phase loss protection
Problem
Input phase loss occurred, or interphase voltage unbalance rate was large.
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1) Main circuit power input
wires broken.
Measure the input voltage.
(2) The terminal screws for
the main circuit power
input of the inverter were
not tight enough.
Check if the screws on the inverter input terminals have
become loose.
(3) Interphase unbalance rate
of three-phase voltage
was too large.
Measure the input voltage.
(4) Overload cyclically
occurred.
Measure ripple wave of DC link bus voltage.
(5) Single-phase voltage was
inputted to the inverter
instead of three-phase
voltage input.
Check the inverter type.
Repair or replace the wires.
Tighten the terminal screws to the recommended torque.
Connect an AC reactor (ACR) or a DC reactor (DCR) to
lower the rate.
Raise the inverter capacity.
If the ripple is large, raise the inverter capacity
Obtain a new inverter that meets the power supply
specifications.
6-11
[5]
0pl Output phase loss protection
Problem
Output phase loss occurred.
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1) Inverter output wires are
broken
Measure the output current.
(2) Wire for motor winding are
broken
Measure the output current.
(3) The terminal screws for
inverter output were not
tight enough.
Check if any screw on the inverter output terminals has
become loose.
(4) A single-phase motor has
been connected
[6]
Replace the output wires.
Replace the motor.
Tighten the terminal screws to the recommended torque.
Single-phase motors cannot be used. Note that the
FRENIC-Mini only drives three-phase induction motors.
0h1 Overheat protection for heat sink
Problem
Temperature around heat sink rose.
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1) Temperature around the
inverter exceeded that of
inverter specifications.
Measure the temperature around the inverter.
(2) Accumulated running time
of the cooling fan
exceeded the standard
period for replacement, or
the cooling fan
malfunctioned.
Check the cumulative running time of the cooling fan. Refer to
Chapter 3, Section 3.2.2 [5], "Reading Maintenance
Information."
Visually check that the cooling fan rotates normally.
(3) Air vent is blocked.
Check if there is sufficient clearance around the inverter.
Lower the temperature around the inverter (e.g., ventilate
the panel well).
Lighten the load.
Replace the cooling fan.
Replace the cooling fan.
Increase the clearance.
Check if the heat sink is not clogged.
Clean the heat sink.
(4) Load was too heavy.
Measure the output current.
Lighten the load (e.g. lighten the load before the overload
protection occurs using the overload early warning (E34).
Decease the motor sound (carrier frequency) (F26).
Enable the overload protection control (H70).
6-12
[7]
0h2 External alarm input
Problem
External alarm was inputted (THR).
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1) An alarm function of the
external equipment was
activated.
Inspect external equipment operation.
(2) Connection has been
performed incorrectly.
Check if the wire for the external alarm signal is correctly
connected to the terminal to which the "Alarm from external
equipment" has been assigned.
(3) Incorrect settings.
Check if the "Alarm from external equipment" has not been
assigned to an unassigned terminal.
Remove the cause of the alarm that occurred.
Connect the wire for the alarm signal correctly.
Correct the assignment.
[8]
0h4 PTC thermistor for motor protection
Problem
Temperature of the motor rose abnormally.
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1) Temperature around the
motor exceeded that of
motor specifications.
Measure the temperature around the motor.
(2) Cooling system for the
motor malfunctioned.
Check if the cooling system of the motor is operating normally.
(3) Load was too heavy.
Measure the output current.
Decrease the temperature.
Lighten the load.
Repair or replace the cooling system of the motor.
Lighten the load (e.g., lighten the load before overload
occurs using the overload early warning (E34) function).
Decrease the temperature around the motor.
Increase the motor sound (carrier frequency) (F26).
(4) The set activation level
(H27) of the PTC
thermistor for motor
overheat protection was
inadequate.
Check the thermistor specifications and recalculate the
detection voltage.
(5) A PTC thermistor and
pull-up resistor were
connected incorrectly or
the resistance was
inadequate.
Check the connection and the resistance of the pull-up resistor.
(6) The value set for the
torque boost (F09) was
too high.
Check the data of function code F09 and readjust the data so
that the motor does not stall even if you set the data to a lower
value.
(7) The V/f pattern did not
match the motor.
Check if the base frequency (F04) and rated voltage at base
frequency (F05) match the values on the nameplate on the
motor.
Reconsider the data of function code H27.
Correct the connections and replace the resistor with one
with an appropriate resistance.
Readjust the data of the function code F09.
Match the function code data to the values on the nameplate
of the motor.
6-13
[9]
dbh Overheat protection for braking resistor
Problem
Thermal protection for braking resistor activated.
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1) Braking load was too
heavy.
Recalculate the relation between the braking load and braking
capacity.
Lighten the braking load.
Reconsider the choice of the braking resistor in order to
improve braking ability. Resetting the data of function codes
F50 and F51 is also required.
(2) The deceleration time was
too short.
Recalculate the required deceleration torque and time from the
moment of inertia for the load and the deceleration time.
Increase the deceleration time (F08, E11, and H54).
Reconsider the choice of the braking resistor in order to
improve the braking ability. Resetting the data of function
codes F50 and F51 is also required.
(3) Incorrect values have
been set for the data of
function codes F50 and
F51.
Check the braking resistor specifications.
Reconsider and change the data of function codes F50 and
F51.
Note: The inverter does not detect the overheating alarm of a braking resistor by monitoring its
surface temperature, but by monitoring its load magnitude.
Therefore, even if the surface temperature itself does not rise, the alarm may be detected if the
resistor is used more frequently than the set data of function codes F50 and F51. If you use the
resistor to the limit of its capacity, you must adjust the data of function codes F50 and F51 while
checking the surface temperature of the resistor.
[ 10 ] 0l1 Electronic thermal overload relay
Problem
Electronic thermal function for motor overload detection was activated.
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1) Load was too heavy.
Measure the output current.
Lighten the load (e.g., lighten the load before overload
occurs using the overload early warning (E34)).
(2) The acceleration/
deceleration time was too
short.
Check that the motor generates enough torque for
acceleration/deceleration. This torque is calculated from the
moment of inertia for the load and the acceleration/
deceleration time.
Increase the acceleration/ deceleration time (F07, F08, E10,
E11 and H54).
(3) The characteristics of
electronic thermal did not
match those of the motor
overload.
Check the motor characteristics.
(4) Activation level for the
electronic thermal relay
was inadequate.
Check the continuous allowable current of the motor.
Reconsider the data of function codes P99, F10 and F12.
Use an external thermal relay.
Reconsider and change the data of function code F11.
6-14
[ 11 ] 0lu Overload protection
Problem
Temperature inside inverter rose abnormally.
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1) Temperature around the
inverter exceeded that of
inverter specifications.
Measure the temperature around the inverter.
(2) The service life of the
cooling fan has expired or
the cooling fan
malfunctioned.
Check the cumulative running time of cooling fan. Refer to
Chapter 3, Section 3.2.2 [5], "Reading Maintenance
Information."
Lower the temperature (e.g., ventilate the panel well).
Lighten the load.
Replace the cooling fan.
Visually check that the cooling fan rotates normally.
Replace the cooling fan.
(3) Air vent is blocked.
Check if there is sufficient clearance around the inverter.
Increase the clearance.
Check if the heat sink is not clogged.
Clean the heat sink.
(4) Load was too heavy.
Measure the output current.
Lighten the load (e.g., lighten the load before overload
occurs using the overload early warning (E34)).
Decrease the motor sound (carrier frequency) (F26).
Enable overload prevention control (H70).
(5) The acceleration/
deceleration time was too
short.
Recalculate the required acceleration/deceleration torque and
time from the moment of inertia for the load and the
deceleration time.
Increase the acceleration/deceleration time (F07, F08, E10,
E11 and H54).
(6) The wires to the motor are
too long and caused a
large amount of current to
leak from them.
Measure the leak current.
Insert an output circuit filter (OFL).
[ 12 ] er1 Memory error
Problem
Error occurred in writing the data to the memory in the inverter.
Possible Causes
(1) While the inverter was
writing data (especially
initializing data), power
supply was turned off and
the voltage for the control
circuit dropped.
What to Check and Suggested Measures
key resets the alarm after the
Check if pressing the
function code data are initialized by setting the data of H03 to
1.
Return the initialized function code data to their previous
settings, then restart the operation.
6-15
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(2) A high intensity noise was
given to the inverter while
data (especially initializing
data) was being written.
Check if appropriate noise control measures have been
implemented (e.g., correct grounding and routing of control
and main circuit wires). Also, perform the same check as
described in (1) above.
Improve noise control. Alternatively, return the initialized
function code data to their previous settings, then restart the
operation.
(3) The control circuit failed.
Initialize the function code data by setting H03 to 1, then reset
the alarm by pressing the
key and check that the alarm
goes on.
This problem was caused by a problem of the printed circuit
board (PCB) (on which the CPU is mounted). Contact your
Fuji Electric representative.
[ 13 ] er2 Remote keypad communications error
Problem
A communications error occurred between the remote keypad and the inverter.
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1) Break in the
communications cable or
poor contact.
Check continuity of the cable, contacts and connections.
(2) A high intensity noise was
given to the inverter.
Check if appropriate noise control measures have been
implemented (e.g., correct grounding and routing of control
and main circuit wires).
Replace the cable.
Improve noise control. For details, refer to "Appendix A" of
the FRENIC-Mini User’s Manual (MEH446).
(3) The remote keypad
malfunctioned.
Check that alarm er2 does not occur if you connect another
remote keypad to the inverter.
(4) The RS-485
communications card
malfunctioned.
Check that alarm er2 occurs even if you connect another
remote keypad to the inverter.
Replace the remote keypad.
Replace the card.
[ 14 ] er3 CPU error
Problem
A CPU error (e.g. erratic CPU operation) occurred.
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1) A high intensity noise was
given to the inverter.
Check if appropriate noise control measures have been
implemented (e.g. correct grounding and routing of control and
main circuit wires).
Improve noise control.
6-16
[ 15 ] er6 Operation protection
Problem
An error occurred due to incorrect operation of the motor.
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1) The
key was pressed
when H96 = 1 or 3.
Even though a run command was present at the input terminal
or the communication port, the inverter was forced to
decelerate to stop and er6 was displayed.
(2) The start check function
was activated when H96 =
2 or 3.
When one of the following conditions occurred while a run
command was present at the input, the inverter did not run and
er6 was displayed:
If this was not intended, check the setting of H96.
- The power was switched on
- An alarm was released
- The inverter was switched to link command LE operation.
Review the running sequence to avoid input of the run
command when er6 has occurred.
If this was not intended, check the setting of H96.
(To reset the alarm, turn the run command off.)
[ 16 ] er8 RS-485 communications error
Problem
A communications error occurred during RS-485 communications.
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1) Host controllers (e.g.,
PLCs and personal
computers) did not
operate due to incorrect
settings and/or defective
software/hardware.
Check the controllers.
(2) RS-485 converter did not
operate due to incorrect
connections and settings,
or hardware defective.
Check the RS-485 converter (e.g., check for poor contact).
(3) Broken communications
cable or poor contact.
Check continuity of the cable, contacts and connections.
(4) Even though no response
error detection time (y08)
has been set,
communications did not
occur cyclically.
Check the host controllers.
(5) A high intensity noise was
given to the inverter.
Check if appropriate noise control measures have been
implemented (e.g., correct grounding and routing of control
and main circuit wires).
Remove the cause of the controller error.
Change the various RS-485 converter settings, reconnect
the wires, or replace the converter with a recommended
device as appropriate.
Replace the cable.
Change the settings of host controller software, or make the
no response error detection time invalid (y08=0).
Improve noise control.
Improve noise reduction measures on the host side.
Replace the relay converter with a recommended insulated
converter.
6-17
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(6) Conditions for
communications differ
between the inverter and
host controllers.
Compare the settings of the y codes (y01 to y10) with those of
the host controllers.
(7) The RS-485
communications card
malfunctioned.
Correct any settings that differ.
Replace the card.
[ 17 ] erf Data save error during undervoltage
Problem
The inverter was unable to save data such as the frequency commands, timer
operation time, and PID process command set through the keypad when the power
was switched off.
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1)
The control circuit voltage
dropped suddenly while
data was being saved
when the power was
turned off, because the
DC link bus was rapidly
discharged.
Check how long it takes for the DC link bus voltage to drop to
the preset voltage when power is turned off.
(2) A high intensity noise
affected the operation of
the inverter while data was
being saved when the
power was turned off.
Check if appropriate noise control measures have been
implemented (e.g., correct grounding and routing of control
and main circuit wires).
(3) The control circuit failed.
Check if erf occurs each time power is switched off.
Remove whatever is causing the rapid discharge of the DC
key and releasing the
link circuit. After pressing the
alarm, set, using a remote keypad, the data of the relevant
function codes (such as the frequency commands, timer
operation time, and PID process command) back to the
original values and then restart the operation.
key and
Improve noise control. After pressing the
releasing the alarm, set, using a remote keypad, the data of
the relevant function codes (such as the frequency
commands, timer operation time, and PID process
command) back to the original values and then restart the
operation.
This problem was caused by a problem of the printed circuit
board (PCB) (on which the CPU is mounted). Contact your
Fuji Electric representative.
6-18
6.4 If an Abnormal Pattern Appears on the LED Monitor while No Alarm Code is
Displayed
[1]
– – – – (center bar) appears
Problem
A center bar (– – – –) has appeared on the LED monitor.
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1) When PID control had
been disabled (J01=0),
you changed E43 (item
selection) to 10 or 12.
Make sure that when you wish to view other monitor items, E43
is not set to "10" or "12."
Set E43 to a value other than "10" or "12."
You disabled PID control
(J01=0) when the LED
monitor had been set to
display the PID final
command value or PID
feedback amount by
key.
pressing the
Make sure that when you wish to view a PID process command
or a PID control command, PID control is still in effect or J01 is
not set to 0.
(2) While timer operation is
disabled (C21=0), E43
(item selection) has been
set for 10 or 12.
Make sure that when you wish to view other monitor items, E43
is not set to "13."
While timer operation is
enabled (C21=1), it has
been disabled (C21=0)
during setting the LED
monitor to display the
timer value by pressing
key.
the
(3) Connection to the remote
keypad was broken.
Set J01 to 1 or 2.
Set E43 to a value other than "13."
Make sure that when you wish to view the timer (s), timer
operation is still in effect or C21 is not set to 0.
Set C21 to 1.
key does not take
Prior to proceed, check that pressing the
effect for the LED display.
Check connectivity of the cable for the remote keypad.
Replace the cable.
Check whether the connector on the RS-485 Communications
Card or on the remote keypad is not broken.
Replace the RS-485 Communications Card or the remote
keypad with a new one.
6-19
[2]
_ _ _ _ (under bar) appears
Problem
key
An under bar ( _ _ _ _ ) appeared on the LED monitor when you pressed the
or entered a normal start/stop command FWD or a reverse start/stop command
REV. The motor did not start.
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1) The voltage of the DC link
bus was low (F14 = 4, 5).
Select 5_01 under Menu #5 "Reading maintenance
information" in Programming mode on the keypad, and check
the voltage of the DC link bus, which should be: 200 VDC or
below for three-phase 200 V, single-phase 200 V, and single
-phase 100 V; and 400 VDC or below for three-phase 400 V.
Plug the inverter to a power supply that meets its input
specifications.
[3]
Problem
appears
Parentheses (
) has appeared on the LED monitor while the keypad displaying
the Drive Monitor.
Possible Causes
What to Check and Suggested Measures
(1) The data to be displayed
could not fit the LED
monitor.
Check that the product of the output frequency and the display
coefficient (E50) does not exceed 9999.
Adjust the setting of E50.
6-20
Chapter 7
MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION
Perform daily and periodic inspection to avoid trouble and keep reliable operation for a long time.
Take care of the following items during work.
• Before starting inspection and maintenance, first turn off the inverter and wait at least 5
minutes. This is because the electric charge in the DC link bus capacitor may remain even
after the power is turned off and it may take time until the DC link bus voltage drops below a
safe potential. After 5 minutes or more, remove the control circuit and main circuit terminal
block covers. Make sure that the DC link bus voltage between the terminals P (+) and N (-)
has dropped below the safe voltage level (+25 VDC), using a multimeter and then start the
maintenance and inspection.
Electric shock may occur.
•
•
•
•
Maintenance, inspection, and parts replacement should be made only by authorized persons.
Take off the watch, rings and other metallic matter before starting work.
Use insulated tools.
Never modify the inverter.
Electric shock or injuries could occur.
7.1 Daily Inspection
Visually inspect errors in the state of operation from the outside without removing the covers while
the inverter operates or while it is turned on.
-
Check if the expected performance (satisfying the standard specification) is obtained.
-
Check if the surrounding environment satisfies Chapter 2, Section 2.1 "Operating Environment."
-
Check that the LED monitor displays normally.
-
Check for abnormal noise, odor, or excessive vibration.
-
Check for traces of overheat, discoloration and other defects.
7.2 Periodic Inspection
Perform periodic inspection by following the items of the list of periodic inspection in Table 7.1.
Before performing periodic inspection, be sure to stop the motor, turn off the inverter, and shut down
power supply. Then remove the covers of the control and main circuit terminal blocks.
7-1
Table 7.1 List of Periodic Inspections
Check part
How to inspect
Evaluation criteria
1) Check the ambient
temperature, humidity,
vibration and atmosphere
(dust, gas, oil mist, or water
drops).
1) Check visually or
measure using
apparatus.
1) The standard
specification must
be satisfied.
2) Check if tools or other foreign
matter or dangerous objects
are left around the
equipment.
2) Visual inspection
2) No foreign or
dangerous objects
are left.
Voltage
Check if the voltages of the main
and control circuit are correct.
Measure the voltages
using a multimeter or
the like.
The standard
specification must be
satisfied.
Keypad
1) Check if the display is clear.
2) Check if there is missing
parts in the characters.
1), 2)
Visual inspection
1), 2)
The display can
be read and there
is no fault.
Structure such
as frame and
cover
1) Abnormal noise and
excessive vibration
2) Loosen bolts (tightened parts)
3) Deformation and breakage
4) Discoloration and
deformation caused by
overheat
5) Check for foulness and dust.
1) Visual or hearing
inspection
2) Retighten.
1), 2), 3), 4), 5)
No abnormalities
1) Check if bolts and screws are
tight and not missing.
2) Check the devices and
insulators for deformation,
cracks, breakage and
discoloration caused by
overheat and deterioration.
3) Check for foulness and dust.
1) Retighten.
Conductor
and wire
1) Check the conductor for
discoloration and distortion
caused by overheat.
2) Check the sheath of the cable
for cracks and discoloration.
1), 2)
Visual inspection
1), 2)
No abnormalities
Terminal
block
Check that the terminals are not
damaged.
Visual inspection
No abnormalities
Environment
Main circuit
Common
Check item
7-2
3), 4), 5)
Visual inspection
2), 3)
Visual inspection
1), 2), 3)
No abnormalities
Table 7.1 Continued
Check part
Check item
How to inspect
Evaluation criteria
1) Check for electrolyte leakage,
discoloration, cracks and
swelling of the case.
2) Check if the safety valve does
not protrude remarkably.
3) Measure the capacitance if
necessary.
1),2)
Visual inspection
1),2)
No abnormalities
3) Measure
discharge time
with capacitance
probe.
3) The discharge
time is not shorter
than time
specified by the
replacement
manual.
1) Check for odor caused by
overheat and cracked
insulator.
2) Check for broken wire.
1) Smelling and
visual inspection
2) Visual inspection
or measurement
with multimeter
under
disconnection of
one lead
1) No abnormalities
Transformer
and reactor
Check for abnormal roaring
noise and odor.
Hearing, visual and
smelling inspection
No abnormalities
Magnetic
contactor
and relay
1) Check for chatters during
operation.
2) Check for rough contacts.
1) Hearing
inspection
2) Visual inspection
1), 2)
No abnormalities
Printed
circuit board
(Note)
1) Check for loose screws and
connectors.
2) Check for odor and
discoloration.
3) Check for cracks, breakage,
deformation and remarkable
rust.
4) Check the capacitors for
electrolyte leaks and
deformation.
1) Retighten.
2) Smelling and
visual inspection
3), 4)
Visual inspection
1), 2), 3), 4)
No abnormalities
Cooling fan
(Note)
1) Check for abnormal noise
and excessive vibration.
1) Hearing and visual
inspection, or turn
manually (be sure
to turn the power
off).
2) Retighten.
3) Visual inspection
1) Smooth rotation
2), 3)
No abnormalities
Visual inspection
No abnormalities
Cooling system
Control circuit
Main circuit
Filtering
capacitor
(Note)
Braking
resistor
2) Check for loose bolts.
3) Check for discoloration
caused by overheat.
Ventilation
path
Check the heat sink, intake and
exhaust ports for clogging and
foreign matter.
2) Within ± 10% of
the specified
resistance
(Note) The judgement level of part replacement period with Menu #5 "Maintenance information" should be
used as a guide. Determine the replacement period on the basis of the standard replacement years. (See
Section 7.5 "List of Periodical Replacement Parts.")
If the inverter is stained, wipe it off with a chemically neutral cloth to remove dust, use a vacuum
cleaner.
7-3
„ Judgement of service life using maintenance information
Menu #5 "Maintenance information" in Programming mode can be used to display data for the
judgement of replacement of "DC link bus capacitor," "electrolytic capacitor on the printed circuit
board," and "cooling fan" as a guide.
If the replacement data is out of the judgement level for early warning, an early warning signal is
output to an external device through terminal [Y1] (function code E20). (When any replacement data
is out of the judgement level, terminal [Y1] outputs ON signal.)
Table 7.2 Parts Replacement Judgement with Menu #5 "Maintenance Information"
Parts to be replaced
Judgement level
DC link bus capacitor
85% or lower of the capacitance than that of the
factory setting
Electrolytic capacitor on the printed
circuit board
61,000 hours or longer as accumulated run time
Cooling fan
(Nominal applied motor: 1.5 to 3.7 kW)
61,000 hours or longer as accumulated run time
(Assumed life of cooling fan at ambient inverter
temperature of 40°C)
(1) DC link bus capacitor
Measure the capacitance of the DC link bus capacitor as follows:
The capacitance is displayed in the reduction ratio (%) of the initial value written in the inverter
memory before shipment.
------------------------------------- Capacitance measurement procedure -------------------------------------1)
Remove the RS-485 communications card (option) from the inverter if it is mounted. Disconnect
the DC link bus to other inverters from terminals P (+) and N (-) of the main circuit if any. A DC
reactor (option) and braking resistor (option) may not be disconnected. Keep the ambient
temperature at 25 ±10°C.
2)
Turn off the digital inputs (FWD, REV, and X1 to X3) at the control terminals.
- If an external potentiometer is connected, to terminal [13], remove it.
- Set the data of function codes E20 and E27 as the transistor output [Y1] or relay output [30A,
B, C] does not come on while the inverter power is turned off. E.g., recommended settings
are to assign normal logic signal RUN and ALM to terminals [Y1] and [30A, B, C]
respectively.
3)
Turn the inverter power on.
4)
Check that the cooling fan rotates and the inverter is on halt.
5)
Turn the main power supply off. Start measuring the capacitance of the DC link bus capacitor.
6)
After the LED monitor is unlit completely, turn the main power supply on again.
7)
Select Menu #5 "Maintenance information" in Programming mode, and check the reduction ratio
(%) of the capacitance of the DC link bus capacitor.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7-4
(2) Electrolytic capacitor on the printed circuit board
The inverter keeps an accumulative total of the number of hours that power has been applied to the
control circuit and displays it on the LED monitor. Use this to determine when the capacitor should be
replaced. The display is in units of 1000 hours.
(3) Cooling fan
The inverter accumulates hours for which the cooling fan has run. The display is in units of 1000
hours.
The accumulated time should be used just a guide since the actual service life will be significantly
affected by the temperature and operation environment.
7-5
7.3 Measurement of Electrical Amounts in Main Circuit
Because the voltage and current of the power supply (input, primary circuit) of the main circuit of the
inverter and those of the motor (output, secondary circuit) include harmonic components, the
readings may vary with the type of the meter. Use meters indicated in Table 7.3 when measuring with
meters for commercial frequencies.
The power factor cannot be measured by a commercially available power-factor meter that
measures the phase difference between the voltage and current. To obtain the power factor,
measure the power, voltage and current on each of the input and output sides and calculate in the
following formula.
„ Three-phase input
Power factor =
„ Single-phase input
Electric power (W)
3×Voltage (V)×Current (A)
× 100 %
Power factor =
Electric power (W)
× 100 %
Voltage (V)×Current (A)
Symbol Type of Name of
of meter meter
meter
Waveform
Item
Table 7.3 Meters for Measurement of Main Circuit
Input (primary) side
Voltage
Ammeter
AR, AS, AT
Current
Voltmeter
VR, VS, VT
DC link bus
voltage
(P (+)-N (-))
Output (secondary) side
Voltage
Wattmeter
W R, W T
Ammeter
AU, AV, AW
Current
Voltmeter
VU, VV, VW
Wattmeter
W U , WW
DC voltmeter
V
Rectifier or
Moving iron
Digital AC
Digital AC
Digital AC
Digital AC
Moving coil type
moving iron
type
power meter power meter power meter power meter
type
⎯
⎯
⎯
⎯
It is not recommended that meters other than a digital AC power meter be used for
measuring the output voltage or output current since they may cause larger measurement
errors or, in the worst case, they may be damaged.
Figure 7.1 Connection of Meters
7-6
7.4 Insulation Test
Because an insulation test is made in the factory before shipment, avoid a Megger test.
If a Megger test is unavoidable, follow the procedure below. Because a wrong test procedure will
cause breakage of the inverter, take sufficient care.
A dielectric strength test will cause breakage of the inverter similarly to the Megger test if the test
procedure is wrong. When the dielectric strength test is necessary, contact your Fuji Electric
representative.
(1) Megger test of main circuit
1)
Use a 500 VDC Megger and shut off the main power supply without fail during measurement.
2)
If the test voltage leaks to the control circuit due to the wiring, disconnect all the control wiring.
3)
Connect the main circuit terminals with a common cable as shown in Figure 7.2.
4)
The Megger test must be limited to across the common line of the main circuit and ground (
5)
5 MΩ (1 MΩ for the EMC filter built-in type of inverters) or a larger value displayed at the Megger
indicates a correct state. (The value is for a discrete inverter.)
).
Figure 7.2 Megger Test
(2) Dielectric strength test of control circuit
Do not perform a Megger test or dielectric strength test for the control circuit. Prepare a high
resistance range tester for the control circuit.
1)
Disconnect all the external wiring from the control circuit terminals.
2)
Perform a continuity test to the ground. 1 MΩ or a larger measurement indicates a correct state.
(3) Dielectric strength test of external main circuit and sequence control circuit
Disconnect all the inverter terminals so that the test voltage is not applied.
7-7
7.5 List of Periodical Replacement Parts
Each part of the product has its own service life that will vary according to the environmental and
operating conditions. It is recommended that the following parts be replaced as specified below.
When the replacement is necessary, contact your Fuji Electric representative.
Table 7.4 Replacement Parts
Standard
replacement intervals
Part name
Cooling fan
5 years
DC link bus capacitor
5 years
Electrolytic capacitor on the printed circuit board
7 years
7.6 Inquiries about Product and Guarantee
7.6.1
When making an inquiry
Upon breakage of the product, uncertainties, failure or inquiries, report the following information to
your Fuji Electric representative.
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
Inverter type
SER No. (serial number of equipment)
Function code data that you changed from the factory defaults
ROM version
Date of purchase
Inquiries (for example, point and extent of breakage, uncertainties, failure phenomena, and
other circumstances)
7.6.2
Product warranty
To all our customers who purchase Fuji Electric FA Components & Systems' products:
Please take the following items into consideration when placing your order.
When requesting an estimate and placing your orders for the products included in these materials,
please be aware that any items such as specifications which are not specifically mentioned in the
contract, catalog, specifications or other materials will be as mentioned below.
In addition, the products included in these materials are limited in the use they are put to and the
place where they can be used, etc., and may require periodic inspection. Please confirm these
points with your sales representative or directly with this company.
Furthermore, regarding purchased products and delivered products, we request that you take
adequate consideration of the necessity of rapid receiving inspections and of product management
and maintenance even before receiving your products.
[ 1 ] Free of charge warranty period and warranty range
(1) Free of charge warranty period
1) The product warranty period is ''1 year from the date of purchase'' or 24 months from the
manufacturing date imprinted on the name place, whichever date is earlier.
2) However, in cases where the use environment, conditions of use, use frequency and times
used, etc., have an effect on product life, this warranty period may not apply.
3) Furthermore, the warranty period for parts restored by Fuji Electric's Service Department is
''6 months from the date that repairs are completed.''
7-8
(2) Warranty range
1) In the event that breakdown occurs during the product's warranty period which is the
responsibility of Fuji Electric, Fuji Electric will replace or repair the part of the product that has
broken down free of charge at the place where the product was purchased or where it was
delivered. However, if the following cases are applicable, the terms of this warranty may not
apply.
c The breakdown was caused by inappropriate conditions, environment, handling or use
methods, etc. which are not specified in the catalog, operation manual, specifications or
other relevant documents.
d The breakdown was caused by the product other than the purchased or delivered Fuji's
product.
e The breakdown was caused by the product other than Fuji's product, such as the
customer's equipment or software design, etc.
f Concerning the Fuji's programmable products, the breakdown was caused by a program
other than a program supplied by this company, or the results from using such a program.
g The breakdown was caused by modifications or repairs affected by a party other than Fuji
Electric.
h The breakdown was caused by improper maintenance or replacement using
consumables, etc. specified in the operation manual or catalog, etc.
i The breakdown was caused by a chemical or technical problem that was not foreseen
when making practical application of the product at the time it was purchased or
delivered.
j The product was not used in the manner the product was originally intended to be used.
k The breakdown was caused by a reason which is not this company's responsibility, such
as lightning or other disaster.
(2) Furthermore, the warranty specified herein shall be limited to the purchased or delivered
product alone.
(3) The upper limit for the warranty range shall be as specified in item (1) above and any
damages (damage to or loss of machinery or equipment, or lost profits from the same, etc.)
consequent to or resulting from breakdown of the purchased or delivered product shall be
excluded from coverage by this warranty.
(3) Trouble diagnosis
As a rule, the customer is requested to carry out a preliminary trouble diagnosis. However, at the
customer's request, this company or its service network can perform the trouble diagnosis on a
chargeable basis. In this case, the customer is asked to assume the burden for charges levied in
accordance with this company's fee schedule.
[ 2 ] Exclusion of liability for loss of opportunity, etc.
Regardless of whether a breakdown occurs during or after the free of charge warranty period, this
company shall not be liable for any loss of opportunity, loss of profits, or damages arising from
special circumstances, secondary damages, accident compensation to another company, or
damages to products other than this company's products, whether foreseen or not by this company,
which this company is not be responsible for causing.
7-9
[ 3 ] Repair period after production stop, spare parts supply period (holding period)
Concerning models (products) which have gone out of production, this company will perform repairs
for a period of 7 years after production stop, counting from the month and year when the production
stop occurs. In addition, we will continue to supply the spare parts required for repairs for a period of
7 years, counting from the month and year when the production stop occurs. However, if it is
estimated that the life cycle of certain electronic and other parts is short and it will be difficult to
procure or produce those parts, there may be cases where it is difficult to provide repairs or supply
spare parts even within this 7-year period. For details, please confirm at our company's business
office or our service office.
[ 4 ] Transfer rights
In the case of standard products which do not include settings or adjustments in an application
program, the products shall be transported to and transferred to the customer and this company
shall not be responsible for local adjustments or trial operation.
[ 5 ] Service contents
The cost of purchased and delivered products does not include the cost of dispatching engineers or
service costs. Depending on the request, these can be discussed separately.
[ 6 ] Applicable scope of service
Above contents shall be assumed to apply to transactions and use of the country where you
purchased the products.
Consult the local supplier or Fuji for the detail separately.
7-10
Chapter 8
SPECIFICATIONS
8.1 Standard Models
8.1.1
*1
*2
*3
*4
*5
Three-phase 200 V class series
Fuji 4-pole standard motors
The rated capacity is for 220 V output voltage.
Output voltages cannot exceed the power supply voltage.
Use the inverter at the current given in ( ) or below when the carrier frequency command is higher
than 4 kHz (f 26 =4 to15 ) or the ambient temperature is 40°C or higher.
Interphase voltage unbalance (%) =
Max.voltag e (V) - Min.voltag e (V)
× 67 (Refer to IEC 61800 - 3 (5.2.3))
Three - phase average voltage (V)
If this value is 2 to 3 %, use an AC reactor (ACR).
Tested under the standard load condition (85% load for applicable motor rating).
Calculated under Fuji-specified conditions.
Indicates the value when using a DC reactor (option).
Average braking torque obtained with the AVR control off (f 05 = 0 ). (Varies according to the
efficiency of the motor.)
*10 Average braking torque obtained by use of an external braking resistor (standard type available as
option).
*11 To make FRENIC-Mini compliant with category TYPE1 of the UL Standard (or NEMA1), an optional
NEMA1 kit is required. Note that the TYPE1-compliant FRENIC-Mini should be used in the ambient
temperature range from -10 to +40°C.
*6
*7
*8
*9
Note: A box (†) in the above table replaces A, C, E, or J depending on the shipping destination.
8-1
8.1.2
Three-phase 400 V class series
*1 Fuji 4-pole standard motors
*2 The rated capacity is for 440 V output voltage.
*3 Output voltages cannot exceed the power supply voltage.
*4
Interphase voltage unbalance (%) =
Max.voltag e (V) - Min.voltag e (V)
× 67 (Refer to IEC 61800 - 3 (5.2.3))
Three - phase average voltage (V)
If this value is 2 to 3 %, use an AC reactor (ACR).
Tested under the standard load condition (85% load for applicable motor rating).
Calculated under Fuji-specified conditions.
Indicates the value when using a DC reactor (option).
Average braking torque obtained with the AVR control off (f 05 = 0 ). (Varies according to the
efficiency of the motor.)
*9 Average braking torque obtained by use of an external braking resistor (standard type available as
option).
*10 To make FRENIC-Mini compliant with category TYPE1 of the UL Standard (or NEMA1), an optional
NEMA1 kit is required. Note that the TYPE1-compliant FRENIC-Mini should be used in the ambient
temperature range from -10 to +40°C.
*5
*6
*7
*8
Note: A box (†) in the above table replaces A, C, E, or J depending on the shipping destination. Note that
the FRN4.0C1S-4 can be followed by E only.
8-2
8.1.3
Single-phase 200 V class series
*1
*2
*3
*4
Fuji 4-pole standard motors
The rated capacity is for 220 V output voltage.
Output voltages cannot exceed the power supply voltage.
Use the inverter at the current given in ( ) or below when the carrier frequency command is higher
than 4 kHz (f 26 = 4 to15 ) or the ambient temperature is 40°C or higher.
*5 Tested under the standard load condition (85% load for applicable motor rating).
*6 Calculated under Fuji-specified conditions.
*7 Indicates the value when using a DC reactor (option).
*8 Average braking torque obtained with the AVR control off (f 05 = 0 ). (Varies according to the
efficiency of the motor.)
*9 Average braking torque obtained by use of an external braking resistor (standard type available as
option).
*10 To make FRENIC-Mini compliant with category TYPE1 of the UL Standard (or NEMA1), an optional
NEMA1 kit is required. Note that the TYPE1-compliant FRENIC-Mini should be used in the ambient
temperature range from -10 to +40°C.
Note: A box (†) in the above table replaces A, C, E, or J depending on the shipping destination.
8-3
8.1.4
Single-phase 100 V class series
*1
*2
*3
*4
*5
*6
*7
Fuji 4-pole standard motors
The rated capacity is for 220 V output voltage.
The inverter cannot output voltage that is 2 or more times its rated voltage.
Tested under the standard load condition (85% load for applicable motor rating).
Calculated under Fuji-specified conditions.
Indicates the value when using a DC reactor (option).
Average braking torque obtained with the AVR control off (f 05 = 0 ). (Varies according to the
efficiency of the motor.)
*8 Average braking torque obtained by use of an external braking resistor (standard type available as
option).
*9 To make FRENIC-Mini compliant with category TYPE1 of the UL Standard (or NEMA1), an optional
NEMA1 kit is required. Note that the TYPE1-compliant FRENIC-Mini should be used in the ambient
temperature range from -10 to +40°C.
Note 1: A box (†) in the above table replaces A, C, E, or J depending on the shipping destination.
2: When driven by 100 VAC, the single-phase 100 V class series of inverters limit their shaft output
and maximum output torque as listed below. This is to prevent their output voltage from
decreasing when load is applied.
8-4
8.2 Models Available on Order
In the EU version, the EMC filter built-in type is provided as a standard model. In other versions, it
is available on order.
8.2.1
EMC filter built-in type
„ Three-Phase 200 and 400 V class series
*1 Fuji 4-pole standard motors
∗
Note 1: An asterisk ( ) in the above table replaces numbers which denote the following:
2: three-Phase 200 V, 4: three-Phase 400 V
Note 2: A box (†) in the above table replaces A, C, E, or J depending on the shipping destination. Note
that the FRN4.0C1E-4 can be followed by E only.
Other than those items in the above table are the same as those in Section 8.1 " Standard Models."
„ Single-phase 200 V class series
*1 Fuji 4-pole standard motors
Note 1: A box (†) in the above table replaces A, C, E, or J depending on the shipping destination.
Other than those items in the above table are the same as those in Section 8.1 " Standard Models."
8.2.2
Braking resistor built-in type
„ Three-Phase 200 and 400 V class series
*1 Fuji 4-pole standard motors
∗
Note 1: An asterisk ( ) in the above table replaces numbers which denote the following:
2: three-Phase 200 V, 4: three-Phase 400 V
Note 2: A box (†) in the above table replaces A, C, E, or J depending on the shipping destination. Note
that the FRN4.0C1S-4 can be followed by E only.
Other than those items in the above table are the same as those in Section 8.1 " Standard Models."
8-5
8.3 Common Specifications
8-6
8-7
8.4 Terminal Specifications
8.4.1
Terminal functions
For details about the main and control circuit terminals, refer to Chapter 2, Section 2.3.5 and
Section 2.3.7 (Table 2.8), respectively.
8.4.2
Connection diagram in operation by external signal inputs
(Note 1) Install a recommended molded case circuit breaker (MCCB) or a residual-current-operated
protective device (RCD)/earth leakage circuit breaker (ELCB) (with overcurrent protection) in the
input (primary) circuit of the inverter to protect wiring. At this time, ensure that the circuit breaker
capacity is equivalent to or lower than the recommended capacity.
(Note 2) A magnetic contactor (MC) should, if necessary, be mounted independent of the MCCB or ELCB
to cut off the power fed to the inverter. Refer to page 9-2 for details. MCs or solenoids that will be
installed close to the inverter require surge absorbers to be connected in parallel to their coils.
(Note 3) For an inverter connected to the power supply of 500 kVA or more (50 kVA or more for singlephase 100 V class series), be sure to connect an optional DC reactor (DCR).
When connecting a DCR to the inverter, remove the jumper bar from terminals [P1] and [P+].
Note that the terminal assignment of single-phase 100 V class series of inverters differs that of
the above diagram. For details about the terminal assignment, refer to Chapter 10 (page 10-1).
(Note 4) THR function can be used by assigning code "9" (Enable external alarm trip) to any of terminals
[X1] to [X3], [FWD] or [REV] (function code E01 to E03, E98, or E99). For details, refer to Chapter
5.
8-8
(Note 5) Frequency can be set by connecting a frequency setting device (external potentiometer) between
the terminals [11], [12], and [13] instead of inputting voltage signal (0 to +10 VDC or 0 to +5 VDC)
between the terminals [12] and [11].
(Note 6) For the wiring of the control circuit, use shielded or twisted wires. When using shielded wires,
connect the shields to earth. To prevent malfunction due to noise, keep the control circuit wiring
away from the main circuit wiring as far as possible (recommended: 10 cm or longer), and never
set them in the same wire duct. When crossing the control circuit wiring with the main circuit
wiring, set them at right angles.
(Note 7) In the EU version except the three-phase 200 V class series of inverters, the digital input
terminals are switched to the SOURCE side.
8-9
8.5 External Dimensions
8.5.1
Standard models and models available on order (braking resistor built-in type)
Note
1) A box (†) in the above table replaces A, C, E, or J depending on the shipping destination.
2) Asterisks (∗∗) in the above table replace numbers which denote the following:
21: Braking resistor built-in type, None: Standard.
8-10
Note
1) A box (†) in the above table replaces A, C, E, or J depending on the shipping destination.
2) Asterisks (∗∗) in the above table replace numbers which denote the following:
21: Braking resistor built-in type, None: Standard.
8-11
8.5.2
Models available on order (EMC filter built-in type)
Note: # in the above table denotes the shipping destination as shown below.
Shipping destination (Version)/
Language in Instruction manual
Shipping destination code
Asia/English
A
China/Chinese
C
EU/ English
E
Japan/Japanese
J
8-12
8-13
8.6 Protective Functions
"—": Not applicable.
Name
Overcurrent
protection
Overvoltage
protection
LED
Alarm
monitor
output
displays [30A,B,C]
Description
- Stops the inverter output to protect the
inverter from an overcurrent resulting from
overload.
- Stops the inverter output to protect the
inverter from an overcurrent due to a short
circuit in the output circuit.
- Stops the inverter output to protect the
inverter from an overcurrent due to a ground
fault in the output circuit. This protection is
effective only when the inverter starts. If you
turn on the inverter without removing the
ground fault, this protection may not work.
During
acceleration
0c1
During
deceleration
0c2
During running
at constant
speed
0c3
The inverter stops the inverter output upon
detecting an overvoltage condition (400 VDC for
three-phase 200 V, single-phase 200 V, and
single -phase 100 V class series; 800 VDC for
three -phase 400 V class series) in the DC link
bus.
This protection is not assured if excess AC line
voltage is applied inadvertently.
During
acceleration
0u1
During
deceleration
0u2
During running
at constant
speed
(Stopped)
0u3
Yes
Yes
Stops the inverter output when the DC link bus voltage drops
below the undervoltage level (200 VDC for three-phase 200 V,
single-phase 200 V, and single-phase 100 V class series; 400
VDC for three-phase 400 V class series).
However, if data "4 or 5" is selected for F14, no alarm is output
even if the DC link bus voltage drops.
lu
Input phase
loss protection
Detects input phase loss, stopping the inverter output. This
function prevents the inverter from undergoing heavy stress that
may be caused by input phase loss or inter-phase voltage
unbalance and may damage the inverter.
If connected load is light or a DC reactor is connected to the
inverter, this function will not detect input phase loss if any.
In single-phase series of inverters, this function is disabled by
factory default.
lin
Yes
Output phase
loss protection
Detects breaks in inverter output wiring at the start of running and
during running, stopping the inverter output.
0pl
Yes
Inverter
- Stops the inverter output upon detecting excess heat sink
temperature in case of cooling fan failure or overload.
0h1
Yes
Braking
resistor
- When the built-in or external braking resistor overheats,
discharging and the operation of the inverter are stopped.
* It is necessary to set the function code data according to the
braking resistor used (built-in or external).
dbh
Yes
Stops the inverter output if the Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor
(IGBT) internal temperature calculated from the output current
and cooling fan temperature detection is over the preset value.
0lu
Yes
Overheat
protection
Undervoltage
protection
Overload
protection
(Note) No alarm output depending upon the data setting of the function code.
8-14
Yes
(Note)
Name
0l1
Yes
0h4
Yes
Outputs a preliminary alarm at a preset level before the motor is
stopped by the electronic thermal function for the purpose of
protecting the motor.
—
—
Operates when instantaneous overcurrent limiting is active.
—
—
0h2
Yes
—
Yes
er1
Yes
Remote keypad The inverter stops by detecting a communication error between
communications the inverter and the remote keypad (option) during operation from
error
the remote keypad.
er2
Yes
CPU error
If the inverter detects a CPU error caused by noise or some other
factor, the inverter stops.
er3
Yes
Operation
Protection
STOP
key
priority
er6
Yes
Motor protection
Electronic
thermal
overload
relay
LED
Alarm
monitor
output
displays [30A,B,C]
Description
PTC
thermistor
In the following cases, the inverter stops running the motor to
protect the motor in accordance with the electronic thermal
function setting.
- Protects general-purpose motors over the entire frequency
range.
- Protects inverter motors over the entire frequency range.
* The operation level and thermal time constant can be set.
A PTC thermistor input stops the inverter output for motor
protection.
A PTC thermistor is connected between terminals [C1] and [11],
and a 1-kΩ external resistor is connected between terminals [13]
and [C1].
Overload
early
warning
Stall prevention
Instantaneous overcurrent limiting:
Operates if the inverter's output current exceeds the
instantaneous overcurrent limit level, avoiding tripping of the
inverter (during constant speed operation or during acceleration).
External alarm
input
Stops the inverter output with an alarm through the digital input
signal THR.
Alarm relay
output
(for any fault)
The inverter outputs a relay contact signal when the inverter
issues an alarm and stops the inverter output.
< Alarm Reset >
The alarm stop state is reset by pressing the
key or by the
digital input signal RST.
< Saving the alarm history and detailed data >
The information on the previous 4 alarms can be saved and
displayed.
Memory error
The inverter checks memory data after power-on and when the
data is written. If a memory error is detected, the inverter stops.
key on the keypad forces the
Pressing the
inverter to decelerate and stop the motor even if the
inverter is running by any run commands given via
the terminals or communications (link operation). After
the motor stops, the inverter issues alarm er6.
8-15
Name
Operation
Protection
Description
Start
check
function
Inverters prohibit any run operations and displays
er6 on the LED of keypad if any run command is
present when:
LED
Alarm
monitor
output
displays [30A,B,C]
er6
Yes
er8
Yes
erf
Yes
—
—
- Powering up
- An alarm (
key turned on) is released or an
alarm reset RST is input.
- Link command LE has switched inverter operation
and the run command in the source to be switched
is active.
RS-485
communication
error
On detecting an RS-485 communication error, the inverter displays
the alarm code.
Data save error If the data could not be saved during activation of the
during
undervoltage protection function, the inverter displays the alarm
undervoltage
code.
Overload
prevention
control
In the event of overheating of the cooling fan or an overload
condition (alarm display: 0h1 or 0lu ), the output frequency of
the inverter is reduced to keep the inverter from tripping.
8-16
Chapter 9
LIST OF PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT AND OPTIONS
The table below lists the main peripheral equipment and options that are connected to the
FRENIC-Mini. Use them in accordance with your system requirements.
For details, refer to the FRENIC-Mini User's Manual (MEH446), Chapter 6 "SELECTING
PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT."
Name of
peripheral
equipment
Molded case
circuit breaker
(MCCB)
Residual-currentoperated
protective device
(RCD)
/Earth leakage
circuit breaker
(ELCB)*
* with overcurrent
protection
Function and application
MCCBs are designed to protect the power circuits between the power control
board and inverter’s main terminals (L1/R, L2/S and L3/T for three-phase
power, L1/L and L2/N for single-phase power) from overload or short-circuit
which in turn prevents secondary disasters caused by the inverter
malfunctioning.
RCDs/ELCBs function in the same way as MCCBs. Use the MCCBs and
RCDs/ELCBs that satisfy the recommended rated current listed below.
Power
supply
voltage
Main peripheral equipment
Threephase
200 V
Threephase
400 V
Applicable
motor
rating
(kW )
0.1
FRN0.1C1 „ -2†
0.2
FRN0.2C1 „ -2†
0.4
FRN0.4C1 „ -2†
0.75
FRN0.75C1 „ -2†
1.5
FRN1.5C1 „ -2† **
2.2
FRN2.2C1 „ -2† **
3.7
FRN3.7C1 „ -2† **
0.4
FRN0.4C1 „ -4†
0.75
FRN0.75C1 „ -4†
1.5
FRN1.5C1 „ -4† **
2.2
0.1
FRN2.2C1 „ -4† **
FRN3.7C1 „ -4† **
FRN4.0C1 „ -4† **
FRN0.1C1 „ -7†
0.2
FRN0.2C1 „ -7†
0.4
FRN0.4C1 „ -7†
3.7
4.0
Singlephase
200 V
Singlephase
100 V
Inverter type
Recommended rated
current (A) of
MCCB and RCD/ELCB
w/ DC
w/o DC
reactor
reactor
5
5
10
10
20
15
20
30
5
5
10
15
10
5
20
5
10
0.75
FRN0.75C1 „ -7†
10
15
1.5
FRN1.5C1 „ -7†
FRN2.2C1 „ -7†
FRN0.1C1 „ -6†
FRN0.2C1 „ -6†
FRN0.4C1 „ -6†
FRN0.75C1 „ -6†
15
20
20
30
5
10
15
20
2.2
0.1
0.2
0.4
0.75
5
10
15
Note 1) A box („) in the above table replaces S or E depending on the
enclosure.
2) A box (†) in the above table replaces A, C, E, or J depending on the
shipping destination.
3) Asterisks (**) in the model names replace numbers which denote the
following:
21: Braking resistor built-in type, None: Standard
Select the MCCB or RCD/ELCB with appropriate breaking capacity according
to the power supply capacity.
9-1
Name of
peripheral
equipment
Function and application
Molded case
circuit breaker
Earth leakage
circuit breaker*
* with overcurrent
protection
When connecting the inverter to the power supply, add a recommended
molded case circuit breaker and earth leakage circuit breaker* in the path
of power supply. Do not use the devices with the rated current out of the
recommenced range.
*With overcurrent protection
Fire could occur.
Magnetic
contactor (MC)
An MC can be used at both the power input (primary) and output (secondary)
sides of the inverter. At each side, the MC works as described below. When
inserted in the output circuit of the inverter, an MC can also switch the motor
drive power source between the inverter output and commercial power lines.
„ At the power source (primary) side
Main peripheral equipment
Insert an MC in the power source side of the inverter in order to:
1) Forcibly cut off the inverter from the power source (generally,
commercial/factory power lines) with the protection function built into the
inverter, or with the terminal signal line.
2) Stop the inverter operation in an emergency when the inverter cannot
interpret the stop command due to internal/external circuit failures.
3) Cut off the inverter from the power source when the MCCB inserted in the
power source side cannot cut it off for maintenance or inspection purpose.
If you are to use the MC for this purpose only, it is recommended that you
use an MC capable of turning the MC on/off manually.
Note: When your system requires the motor(s) driven by the inverter to be
started/stopped with the MC, the frequency of the starting/stopping operation
should be once or less per hour. The more frequent the operation, the shorter
operation life of the MC and capacitor/s used in the DC link bus due to thermal
fatigue caused by the frequent charging of the current flow. If this is not
necessary, start/stop the motor with the terminal commands FWD, REV and/or
HLD, or with the keypad.
„ At the output (secondary) side
Prevent externally turned-around current from being applied to the inverter
power output terminals (U, V, and W) unexpectedly. An MC should be used, for
example, if a circuit that switches the motor driving source between the inverter
output and commercial/factory power lines is connected to the inverter.
Note: As application of high voltage external current to the inverter's
secondary (output) circuits may break the IGBTs, MCs should be used in the
power control system circuits to switch the motor drive power source to the
commercial/factory power lines after the motor has come to a complete stop.
Also ensure that voltage is never mistakenly applied to the inverter output
terminals due to unexpected timer operation, or similar.
„ Driving the motor using commercial power lines
MCs can also be used to switch the power source of the motor driven by the
inverter to a commercial power source.
9-2
Name of option
Function and application
Braking resistors
(Standard model)
(DBRs)
A braking resistor converts regenerative energy generated from deceleration
of the motor and converts it to heat for consumption. Use of a braking
resistor results in improved deceleration performance of the inverter.
DC reactors
(DCRs)
A DCR is mainly used for power supply normalization and for supplied
power-factor reformation (for reducing harmonic components).
1) For power supply normalization
- When connecting the inverter to the power supply of 500 kVA or more
(50 kVA or more for single-phase 100 V class series), use an optional
DC reactor (DCR).
Otherwise, the percentage-reactance of the power source decreases,
and harmonic components and their peak levels increase. These
factors may break rectifiers or capacitors in the converter section of
inverter, or decrease the capacitance of the capacitor (which can
shorten the inverter’s service life).
- Also use a DCR when there are thyristor-driven loads or when
condensive capacitors are being turned on/off.
2) For supplied power-factor reformation (harmonic component reduction)
Main option
Generally a capacitor is used to reform the power factor of the load,
however, it cannot be used in a system that includes an inverter. Using a
DCR increases the reactance of inverter’s power source so as to
decrease harmonic components on the power source lines and reform
the power factor of inverter. Using a DCR reforms the input power factor
to approximately 90 to 95%.
Note: At the time of shipping, a jumper bar is connected across the
terminals P1 and P (+) on the terminal block. Remove the jumper bar when
connecting a DCR.
Output circuit filters
(OFLs)
Include an OFL in the inverter power output circuit to:
1) Suppress the voltage fluctuation at the motor input terminals
This protects the motor from insulation damage caused by the application
of high voltage surge currents by the 400 V class of inverters.
2) Suppress leakage current from the power output (secondary) lines (due
to harmonic components)
This reduces the leakage current when the motor is hooked by long
power feed lines. It is recommended that the length of the power feed line
be kept to less than 400 m.
3) Minimize emission and/or induction noise issued from the power output
(secondary) lines
OFLs are effective in reducing noise from long power feed lines, such as
those used in plants, etc.
Note: Use an OFL within the allowable carrier frequency range specified by
function code F26 (Motor sound (carrier frequency)). Otherwise, the filter will
overheat.
EMC-compliant
filter
A special filter for making the inverter compliant with Europe’s EMC
directives.
9-3
Other peripheral equipment
Options for Operation and Communications
Main option
Name of option
Ferrite ring reactors for
reducing radio
frequency noise
(ACL)
Function and application
An ACL is used to reduce radio noise emitted by the inverter.
An ACL suppresses the outflow of high frequency harmonics caused by
switching operation for the power supply (primary) lines inside the
inverter. Pass the power supply lines together through the ACL for 4
turns (coiled 3 times).
If wiring length between the inverter and motor is less than 20 m, insert
an ACL to the power supply (primary) lines; if it is more than 20 m, insert
it to the power output (secondary) lines of the inverter.
Options for 100V
single-phase power
supply
An optional single-phase 100 V power supply may be used to operate
an inverter designed for a three-phase 200 V power supply with
single-phase 100 V power.
External potentiometer
for frequency
commands
An external potentiometer may be used to set the drive frequency.
Connect the potentiometer to control signal terminals [11] to [13] of the
inverter.
Remote keypad
This allows you to perform remote operation of the inverter.
(You need an extension cable and RS-485 communications card to
connect the remote keypad to the inverter.)
With the remote keypad, you may copy function code data set in the
inverter to any other inverter.
Extension cable for
remote operation
The extension cable connects the RS-485 communications card with a
remote keypad or a USB–RS-485 converter.
Three lengths are available: 5 m, 3 m and 1 m
RS-485 communications
card
This makes communication to a PLC or personal computer system
easy.
Copy adapter
Used to copy data into multiple inverters.
Connector adapter
A spare connector for the copy adapter.
USB–RS-485 converter
A converter that allows connection of an RS-485 communications card
to a USB port on a PC.
Inverter loader software
Windows-based inverter loader software that makes function code
setting easy. The RS-485 communications card must be connected.
Surge absorbers
A surge absorber suppresses surge currents and noise from the power
lines to ensure effective protection of your power system from the
malfunctioning of the magnetic contactors, mini-relays and timers.
Surge killers
A surge killer eliminates surge currents induced by lightening and noise
from the power supply lines. Use of a surge killer is effective in
preventing the electronic equipment, including inverters, from damage
or malfunctioning caused by such surges and/or noise.
Arresters
An arrester suppresses surge currents and noise invaded from the
power supply lines. Use of an arrester is effective in preventing
electronic equipment, including inverters, from damage or
malfunctioning caused by such surges and/or noise.
Frequency meter
Displays the frequency in accordance with signal output from the
inverter.
9-4
Other options
Name of option
Function and application
Mounting adapters
FRENIC-Mini series of inverters can be installed to the control board of
your system using mounting adapters which utilize the mounting holes
used for conventional inverters (FVR-E11S series of 0.75 kW or below
or 3.7 kW). The FVR-E11S-2/4 (1.5 kW/2.2 kW) and FVR-E11S-7 (0.75
kW/1.5 kW) series may be replaced with any of the FRENIC-Mini series
of inverters without the use of adapters.
Rail mounting bases
A rail mounting base allows any of the FRENIC-Mini series of inverters
to be mounted on a DIN rail (35 mm wide).
NEMA1 kit
Installing the NEMA1 kit to the inverter lets the inverter have the
NEMA1-compliant (UL TYPE1 certified) protective enclosure.
9-5
Chapter 10 APPLICATION OF DC REACTORS (DCRs)
Since the "Japanese Guideline for Suppressing Harmonics in Home and General-purpose
Appliances" issued by the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (Currently the Ministry of
Economy, Trade and Industry) was revised in January 2004, the general-purpose inverters have no
longer been subject to the guideline. Individual inverter manufacturers have voluntarily employed
harmonics suppression measures. It is recommended that DC reactors (DCRs) specified in Table
10.1 be connected to the FRENIC-Mini series of inverters.
Table 10.1 List of DC Reactors (DCRs)
Power
supply
voltage
Threephase
200 V
Singlephase
200 V
Singlephase
100 V
Nominal applied
motor (kW)
Applicable inverter type
DCR type
0.1
FRN0.1C1„-2†
0.2
FRN0.2C1„-2†
0.4
FRN0.4C1„-2†
DCR2-0.4
0.75
FRN0.75C1„-2†
DCR2-0.75
1.5
FRN1.5C1„-2†**
DCR2-1.5
2.2
FRN2.2C1„-2†**
DCR2-2.2
3.7
FRN3.7C1„-2†**
DCR2-3.7
0.1
FRN0.1C1„-7†
DCR2-0.2
0.2
FRN0.2C1„-7†
DCR2-0.4
0.4
FRN0.4C1„-7†
DCR2-0.75
0.75
FRN0.75C1„-7†
DCR2-1.5
For connection
Refer to:
DCR2-0.2
1.5
FRN1.5C1„-7†
DCR2-2.2
2.2
FRN2.2C1„-7†
DCR2-3.7
0.1
FRN0.1C1„-6†
DCR2-0.75
0.2
FRN0.2C1„-6†
DCR2-1.5
0.4
FRN0.4C1„-6†
DCR2-2.2
0.75
FRN0.75C1„-6†
DCR2-3.7
Figure 10.1 (1)
Figure 10.1 (2)
Note 1) A box („) in the above table replaces S or E depending on the enclosure.
2) A box (†) in the above table replaces A, C, E, or J depending on the shipping destination.
3) Asterisks (∗∗) in the above table replace numbers which denote the following:
21: Braking resistor built-in type, None: Standard models.
(1) For three-phase 200 V or single-phase 200 V
(2) For single-phase 100 V
Figure 10.1 Connection Diagram of DC Reactor (DCR)
10-1
Chapter 11 COMPLIANCE WITH STANDARDS
11.1 Compliance with UL Standards and Canadian Standards (cUL certification)
11.1.1 General
Originally, the UL standards were established by Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. as private criteria
for inspections/investigations pertaining to fire/accident insurance in the USA. Later, these
standards were authorized as the official standards to protect operators, service personnel and the
general populace from fires and other accidents in the USA.
cUL certification means that UL has given certification for products to clear CSA Standards. cUL
certified products are equivalent to those compliant with CSA Standards.
11.1.2 Considerations when using FRENIC-Mini in systems to be certified by UL and cUL
If you want to use the FRENIC-Mini series of inverters as a part of UL Standards or CSA Standards
(cUL certified) certified product, refer to the related guidelines described on page ix.
11.2 Compliance with European Standards
The CE marking on Fuji products indicates that they comply with the essential requirements of the
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Directive 89/336/EEC issued by the Council of the European
Communities and Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC.
Only the EMC filter built-in type of inverters that bear a CE marking are compliant with these EMC
Directives.
Inverters that bear a CE marking or TÜV mark are compliant with the Low Voltage Directive.
The products comply with the following standards:
Low Voltage Directive
EN50178:
EMC Directives
EN61800-3:
1996+A11 : 2000
EN55011:
1998+A : 1999
Immunity:
Second environment (EN61800-3+A11 Industrial)
Emission:
Class 1A (EN55011+A1)
(Applicable only to the EMC filter built-in type of
inverters)
:
1997
Second environment (EN61800-3 + A11 Industrial)
(Applicable only when an optional EMC-compliant filter
is attached)
CAUTION
The FRENIC-Mini series of inverters are categorized as a "restricted sales distribution class" of the
EN61800-3. When you use these products with any home appliances or office equipment, you may
need to take appropriate countermeasures to reduce or eliminate any noise emitted from these
products.
11-1
11.3 Compliance with EMC Standards
11.3.1 General
The CE marking on inverters does not ensure that the entire equipment including our CE-marked
products is compliant with the EMC Directive. Therefore, CE marking for the equipment shall be
the responsibility of the equipment manufacturer. For this reason, Fuji’s CE mark is indicated under
the condition that the product shall be used within equipment meeting all requirements for the
relevant Directives. Instrumentation of such equipment shall be the responsibility of the equipment
manufacturer.
Generally, machinery or equipment includes not only our products but other devices as well.
Manufacturers, therefore, shall design the whole system to be compliant with the relevant
Directives.
In addition, to satisfy the requirements noted above, use a Fuji FRENIC inverter in connection with
an EMC-compliant filter (optional feature) or an EMC filter built-in type inverter in accordance with
the instructions contained in this instruction manual. Installing the inverter(s) in a metal panel may
be necessary, depending upon the operating environment of the equipment that the inverter is to
be used with.
Our EMC compliance test is performed under the following conditions.
- Motor Sound (carrier frequency) (F26): 15 kHz
- Wiring length (of the shielded cable) between the inverter and motor: 10 m
11.3.2 Recommended installation procedure
To make the machinery or equipment fully compliant with the EMC Directive, have certified
technicians wire the motor and inverter in strict accordance with the procedure described below.
■ In the case of EMC filter built-in type of inverters
(1) Mount the EMC grounding flange (that comes with the inverter) to the inverter with screws in
order to ground the wire shield(s). (See Figure 11.1.)
Figure 11.1 Attaching the EMC Grounding Flange
(2) Use shielded wires for the motor cable and route it as short as possible. Firmly clamp the wire
shield to the flange to ground it. Further, connect the wire shield electrically to the grounding
terminal of motor. (See Figure 11.2.)
11-2
(3) Use shielded wires for the control signals of the inverter to input to/output from the control
terminals. Firmly clamp the control wire shields to the EMC grounding flange (in the same way
as the motor cables).
Figure 11.2 Connecting Shielded Cables
<When an RS-485 Communications Card (optional) is used>
Use a shielded cable for connection. Strip
the cable of the cable sheath so that the
shield is exposed, as shown at right.
Then connect the shield wire firmly to the
shield grounding clamp so that it is
grounded.
Figure 11.3 Preparing End of Extension Cable or LAN Cable
for Connection
Figure 11.4 Connecting Shield Wire for Compliance with EMC Directive
11-3
(4) If noise from the inverter exceeds the permissible level, enclose the inverter and its
peripherals within a metal panel as shown in Figure 11.5.
Figure 11.5 Installing the Inverter into a Metal Panel
■ In case an outboard, EMC-compliant (optional) is used
1) Install the inverter and the filter on a grounded metal plate. Use a shielded cable also for
connection of the motor. Make the cables as short as possible. Connect the shield wire firmly to
the metal plate. Also connect the shield wire electrically to the grounding terminal of the motor.
2) Use shielded wire for connection around the control terminals of the inverter and also for
connection of the signal cable of an RS-485 Communications Card. As with the motor, clamp
the shield wire firmly to a grounded plate.
3) If noise from the inverter exceeds the permissible level, enclose the inverter and its peripherals
within a metal panel as shown in Figure 11.6.
Figure 11.6 Installing the Inverter with EMC-compliant filter into a Metal Panel
11-4
11.3.3 Leakage current of EMC-filter built-in type inverter and outboard EMC-complaint
filter
Table 11.1 Leakage current of EMC filter built-in type inverter
Input
Power
Leakage current (mA) *2), *3)
Inverter type *1)
Normal
Worst
FRN0.1C1E-2†
FRN0.2C1E-2†
Threephase
200V
FRN0.4C1E-2†
7.5
7.5
13.0
20.0
5.4
33.0
3.8
25.0
8.3
8.3
4.1
8.2
FRN0.75C1E-2†
FRN1.5C1E-2†**
FRN2.2C1E-2†**
FRN3.7C1E-2†**
FRN0.4C1E-4†
Threephase
400V
FRN0.75C1E-4†
FRN1.5C1E-4†**
FRN2.2C1E-4†**
FRN3.7C1E-4†**
FRN4.0C1E-4†**
FRN0.1C1E-7†
FRN0.2C1E-7†
Singlephase
200V
FRN0.4C1E-7†
FRN0.75C1E-7†
FRN1.5C1E-7†
FRN2.2C1E-7†
*1)
- A box (†) in the above table replaces A, C, E, or J depending on the shipping destination.
- Asterisks (**) in the above table denote the following:
21: Braking resistor built-in type, None: Standard
*2)
The values are calculated assuming the power supplies of three-phase 240 V (50 Hz), three-phase
400 V (50 Hz), and single-phase 230 V (50 Hz).
*3)
The worst condition includes a phase loss in the supply line.
11-5
Table 11.2 Leakage current of EMC-compliant filter (optional)
Input power
Inverter type*1)
Filter type
Leakage current (mA) *2), *3)
Normal
Worst
FRN0.1C1S-2†
Three-phase
200V
FRN0.2C1S-2†
FS5956-6-46
FRN0.4C1S-2†
(EFL-0.75E11-2)
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
4.0
27.0
1.0
1.8
FRN0.75C1S-2†
FRN1.5C1S-2†**
FRN2.2C1S-2†**
FRN3.7C1S-2†**
FS5956-26-47
(EFL-4.0E11-2)
FRN0.4C1S-4†
FRN0.75C1S-4†
Three-phase
400V
FRN1.5C1S-4†**
15TDHS84
FRN2.2C1S-4†**
(Delta Electronics, Inc.)
FRN3.7C1S-4†**
FRN4.0C1S-4†**
FRN0.1C1S-7†
FRN0.2C1S-7†
Single-phase
200V
FRN0.4C1S-7†
30DKCS5
FRN0.75C1S-7†
(Delta Electronics, Inc.)
FRN1.5C1S-7†
FRN2.2C1S-7†
*1)
- A box (†) in the above table replaces A, C, E, or J depending on the shipping destination.
- Asterisks (**) in the above table denote the following:
21: Braking resistor built-in type, None: Standard
*2)
The values are calculated assuming the power supplies of three-phase 240 V (50 Hz), three-phase
400 V (50 Hz), and single-phase 230 V (50 Hz).
*3)
The worst condition includes a phase loss in the supply line.
11-6
11.4 Harmonic Component Regulation in the EU
11.4.1 General comments
When you use general-purpose industrial inverters in the EU, the harmonics emitted from the
inverter to power lines are strictly regulated as stated below.
If an inverter whose rated input is 1 kW or less is connected to public low-voltage power supply, it
is regulated by the harmonics emission regulations from inverters to power lines (with the
exception of industrial low-voltage power lines). Refer to Figure 11.7 below for details.
Figure 11.7 Power Source and Regulation
11-7
11.4.2 Compliance with the harmonic component regulation
Table 11.3 Compliance with Harmonic Component Regulation
Power supply
voltage
Three-phase
200 V
Three-phase
400 V
Single-phase
200 V
w/o DC reactor
w/ DC reactor
Applicable
DC reactor type
FRN0.1C1„-2†
√*
√*
DCR2-0.2
FRN0.2C1„-2†
√*
√*
DCR2-0.2
FRN0.4C1„-2†
√*
√*
DCR2-0.4
FRN0.75C1„-2†
√*
√*
DCR2-0.75
FRN0.4C1„-4†
—
√
DCR4-0.4
FRN0.75C1„-4†
—
√
DCR4-0.75
FRN0.1C1„-7†
—
√
DCR2-0.2
FRN0.2C1„-7†
—
√
DCR2-0.4
FRN0.4C1„-7†
—
√
DCR2-0.75
FRN0.75C1„-7†
—
—
DCR2-1.5
Inverter type
* Inverter types marked with √ in the table above are compliant with the EN61000-3-2 (+A14), so they may
be connected to public low-voltage power supply unconditionally.
Conditions apply when connecting models marked with "—". If you want to connect them to public lowvoltage power supply, you need to obtain permission from the local electric power supplier. In general,
you will need to provide the supplier with the harmonics current data of the inverter. To obtain the data,
contact your Fuji Electric representative.
Note 1) A box („) in the above table replaces S or E depending on the enclosure.
A box (†) in the above table replaces A, C, E, or J depending on the shipping destination.
2) When supplying three-phase 200 VAC power stepped down from a three-phase 400 VAC power
line using a transformer, the level of harmonic flow from the 400 VAC line will be regulated.
11.5 Compliance with the Low Voltage Directive in the EU
11.5.1 General
General-purpose inverters are regulated by the Low Voltage Directive in the EU. Fuji Electric has
obtained the proper certification for the Low Voltage Directive from the official inspection agency.
Fuji Electric states that all our inverters with CE and/or TÜV marking are compliant with the Low
Voltage Directive.
11.5.2 Points for consideration when using the FRENIC-Mini series in a system to be
certified by the Low Voltage Directive in the EU
If you want to use the FRENIC-Mini series of inverters in systems/equipment in the EU, refer to the
guidelines on page vii.
11-8
MEMO
MEMO
MEMO
Compact Inverter
Instruction manual
First Edition, October 2002
Fourth Edition, February 2007
Fuji Electric FA Components & Systems Co., Ltd.
The purpose of this instruction manual is to provide accurate information in handling, setting up and
operating of the FRENIC-Mini series of inverters. Please feel free to send your comments regarding
any errors or omissions you may have found, or any suggestions you may have for generally
improving the manual.
In no event will Fuji Electric FA Components & Systems Co., Ltd. be liable for any direct or indirect
damages resulting from the application of the information in this manual.
Fuji Electric FA Components & Systems Co., Ltd.
Mitsui Sumitomo Bank Ningyo-cho Bldg., 5-7, Nihonbashi, Odemma-cho, Chuo-ku, Tokyo, 103-0011,
Japan
Phone: +81 3 5847 8011 Fax: +81 3 5847 8172
URL http://www.fujielectric.co.jp/fcs/
2007-02 (B07/J02) XXCM
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