Venus 2814 - Ubiquiti Networks Community
USER'S MANUAL
VoIP Gateway
Venus 2814
Headquarters:
No. 25, Alley 15, Lane 120,
SEC. 1. NEI-HU RD,
Taipei 114, Taiwan
TEL: 886-2-26583000
FAX: 886-2-26583232
Beijing Branch:
3F, A Building,
113 Zhi Chun Lu,
HaiDian District,
Beijing, China
Zip Code: 100086
TEL: 86-10-62522081~87
FAX: 86-10-62522077
Version: 1.0
Date: 2009/12/10
P/N: 07008-00133
Venus 2814 User’s Manual
Copyright © 2009 TAINET COMMUNICATION SYSTEM CORP.
All rights reserved
Notice
This document is protected by the international copyright law. No part of this publication may
be reproduced by any means without the expressed permission of Tainet Communication
System Corporation.
TAINET is a registered trademark, and Venus 2814 SIP is a trademark of Tainet
Communication System Corporation.
Other product names mentioned in this manual are used for identification purposes only and
may be trademarks or trademarks of their respective companies.
The information provided from Tainet Communication System Corporation is believed to be
accurate. Any changes and enhancements to the product and to the information thereof will
be documented and issued as a new release to this manual.
Trademark
All products and services mentioned herein are the trademarks, service marks, registered
trademarks or registered service marks of their respective owners.
i
Venus 2814 User’s Manual
About This Manual
This manual includes installation, testing and management sections of VENUS 2814.The
summary is as below:
Chapter 1:
Introduction
Chapter 2:
Hardware Installation
Chapter 3:
Device Management via WEB
Chapter 4:
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Appendix A:
Abbreviation
ii
Venus 2814 User’s Manual
Symbols Used in This Manual
3 types of symbols may be used throughout this manual. These symbols are used to advise
the users when a special condition arises, such as a safety or operational hazard, or to
present extra information to the users. These symbols are explained below:
Warning:
This symbol and associated text are used when death or
injury to the user may result if operating instructions are
not followed properly.
Caution:
This symbol and associated text are used when damages
to the equipment or impact to the operation may result if
operating instructions are not followed properly.
Note:
This symbol and associated text are used to provide the
users with extra information that may be helpful when
following the main instructions in this manual.
iii
Venus 2814 User’s Manual
LIMITED WARRANTY
TAINET’s DISTRIBUTOR shall be responsible to its customers for any and all warranties,
which it makes relating to Products, and for ensuring that replacements and other
adjustments required in connection with the said warranties are satisfactory. TAINET
warrants to DISTRIBUTOR that the Products to be delivered hereunder will be free of defects
in material and workmanship under normal use and service for a period of twenty-four (24)
months [twelve (12) months in Taiwan] following the date of shipment to DISTRIBUTOR.
If during the warranty period, any component part of the equipment becomes defective by
reason of material or workmanship, and DISTRIBUTOR notifies TAINET of such defect within
seven days after knowing of such defect, TAINET shall, for any Product that TAINET agrees
is defective, at its option, supply a replacement part, request return of equipment to its plant
for repair, or perform necessary repair at the equipment’s location. At TAINET's option,
DISTRIBUTOR shall destroy any Product that TAINET agrees is defective and shall provide
satisfactory proof of such destruction to TAINET. TAINET is not responsible for Products
damaged by misuse, neglect, accident or improper installation, or if repairs or modifications
were made by persons other than TAINET’s own authorized service personnel, unless such
repairs by others were made with the written consent of TAINET.
THE ABOVE WARRANTY IS IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR
IMPLIED. THERE ARE NO WARRANTIES THAT EXTEND BEYOND THE FACE HEREOF,
INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, AND IN NO EVENT SHALL TAINET BE LIABLE
FOR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES. If DISTRIBUTOR extends to its customers any
additional warranty with respect to Products that is broader in scope than the warranty
provided by TAINET, DISTRIBUTOR shall be solely responsible for any and all liabilities,
obligations and damages resulting from the extension of such warranty.
TAINET shall not be liable to any person for any special or indirect damages, including, but
not limited to, lost profits, from any cause whatsoever arising from or in any way connected
with the manufacture, sale, handling, repair, maintenance or use of the Products, and in no
event shall TAINET’s liability exceed the purchase price of the Products.
iv
Venus 2814 User’s Manual
Software Products are provided “as is” and without warranty of any kind. TAINET disclaims
all warranties including the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular
purpose. TAINET shall not be liable for any loss of use, interruption of business or indirect,
special, incidental or consequential damages of any kind. TAINET shall do its best to
provide end users with Software updates during the warranty period under this Agreement.
TAINET has not been notified of any intellectual property rights or others which may be
infringed by the Products or the promotion, marketing, sale (or resale), or servicing thereof in
the Territory, but TAINET makes NO WARRANTY, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WITH RESPECT
THERETO.
v
Venus 2814 User’s Manual
CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION ............................................................................... 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................................... 1 APPLICATIONS ........................................................................................................................... 1 PRODUCT DESCRIPTION ............................................................................................................. 5 1.3.1 Hardware Architecture .......................................................................................................................5 1.3.2 Management .......................................................................................................................................6 1.4 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS ..................................................................................................... 8 CHAPTER 2. HARDWARE INSTALLATION ...................................................... 11 2.1 2.2 UNPACKING ............................................................................................................................. 11 SITE REQUIREMENTS ............................................................................................................... 12 2.2.1 Site Selection....................................................................................................................................12 2.2.2 AC Electrical Outlet Connection......................................................................................................12 2.2.3 Grounding ........................................................................................................................................12 LED INDICATORS .................................................................................................................... 14 FRONT PANEL CONNECTIONS .................................................................................................. 15 2.4.1 Connecting the IP Network via Ethernet..........................................................................................15 2.4.2 Connecting the Terminal ..................................................................................................................15 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 POWER SOURCE CONNECTION ................................................................................................. 17 VOICE CONNECTION ................................................................................................................ 17 DATA CONNECTION ................................................................................................................. 18 HARDWARE DIAGNOSIS ........................................................................................................... 19 BASIC CONFIGURATION ........................................................................................................... 20 CHAPTER 3. WEB MANAGEMENT..................................................................... 21 WEB MANAGEMENT............................................................................................................... 21 3.1.1 Setup PC...........................................................................................................................................21 3.1.2 Login ................................................................................................................................................21 3.1 3.2 CONFIGURATIONS .................................................................................................................... 22 3.2.1 General Configurations ....................................................................................................................22 3.2.2 EM Configuration ............................................................................................................................22 3.2.3 Conference Group ............................................................................................................................23 3.3 SYSTEM STATUS ...................................................................................................................... 25 3.3.1 H/W Info ..........................................................................................................................................25 3.3.2 System Info ......................................................................................................................................25 vi
Venus 2814 User’s Manual
3.4 SYSTEM OPERATION ................................................................................................................ 26 3.4.1 Warm Start........................................................................................................................................26 3.4.2 Restore Default................................................................................................................................. 26 3.4.3 Software Upgrade.............................................................................................................................28 CHAPTER 4. MAINTENANCE AND TROUBLESHOOTING........................... 29 4.1 4.2 INSTRUMENTS ......................................................................................................................... 29 TROUBLESHOOTING................................................................................................................. 30 APPENDIX A ABBREVIATION .............................................................................. 33 vii
Venus 2814 User’s Manual
FIGURES
Figure 1-1 The Front View of VENUS 2814 ................................................................................5 Figure 1-2 The Rear View of VENUS 2814.................................................................................5 Figure 2-1 DB-9F Console Interface .........................................................................................16 Figure 2-2 Voice Interface .........................................................................................................17 viii
Venus 2814 User’s Manual
TABLES
Table 1-1 VENUS 2814 Technical Specification ........................................................................8 Table 2-1 LED Description.......................................................................................................14 Table 2-2 10/100Base-T Connection .......................................................................................15 Table 2-3 Pin definition of the Console Port connector............................................................16 Table 2-1 Pin assignments for the voice interface ........................................................................17 Table 2-2 Data port pin assignment ..............................................................................................18 Table 3-1 General configuration descriptions ...............................................................................22 Table 3-2 EM configuration descriptions.......................................................................................23 Figure 3-7
Restore default............................................................................................................27 Table 3-3 Software upgrade .........................................................................................................28 Table 4-1 ix
Voice Codec Bandwidth...........................................................................................32 Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 1. Introduction
1.1
Introduction
VENUS 2814 is designed for wireless phone systems using wired links wireless
devices to make broadcast calls. In a traditional wireless link system, the user
needs to set up multiple repeater units, in order to increase the coverage area, or
to overcome the effects of terrain. There are a few disadvantages, including: high
cost, too many sites, the need to manually deploying the same multicast group,
difficult maintenance, and limited distance. When there are too many hops, it will
result in lower signal to noise ratio, and the actual coverage is limited. VENUS
2814 can convert the conventional radio relay link to wired relay link, to overcome
the shortcomings of traditional wireless relay:
„
„
„
„
„
Each channel only need to configure a machine controller, equipment cost is
lower;
The same multicast group scheduler operates completely at the center nodes,
with automatic remote operation;
Transmission distance is not limited to a region, and only uses one hop;
Wired relay can save frequency resources;
Point-to-point conference, multi-point conference and mix frquency calling
through software configuration.
VENUS 2814 can achieve all the above functions, only with the cost of IP
network.
1.2
Applications
Point-to-point application.
Wireless call via IP network, point-to-point application.
1
Chapter 1 Introduction
Figure 1-1 Point-to-point application
Multi-point application
When two distant regions are subject to topographical constraints, and need to
broadcast the same call, they can configure two separate VENUS 2814, used in
conjunction with the channel machines. The channel A machine within the
coverage area of the radio, can call the channel machine B radio stations within
the coverage area. This is a Multi-point application.
2
Chapter 1 Introduction
Figure 1-2
Multicast application
When more than one network regions have calling tasks, each channel machine
under the VENUS 2814 with the monitoring center server on the same broadcast
network, with the help of the broadcast server, the radio stations covered by the
channel machine A / B / C within the coverage area, can call each other.
Mix frequency call application
3
Chapter 1 Introduction
Figure 1-3
„
4
Mix frequency call application
When different frequency channel machines have a mix frequency call
demand, the channel can be connected to different ports on the same
VENUS 2814, or different VENUS 2814 device. After software configuration,
the mix frequency call can be achieved; different radio frequency bands can
call each other through the VENUS 2814.
Chapter 1 Introduction
1.3
Product Description
1.3.1
Hardware Architecture
VENUS 2814 is a rack-mount, standard 19-inch wide, 1U high chassis device.
As shown in Figure 1-4: the front panel of VENUS 2814 includes a serial CON
port, a reset button, and a 2814 of LED indicators.
Figure 1-1 The Front View of VENUS 2814
WAN port
Console port
Reset switch
WAN status LED
DATA (downstream) status LED
System LED
Voice channel LED
Power LED
Figure 1-2 The Rear View of VENUS 2814
Power outlet
Reserved DATA port
Voice channel for
connecting to relays
5
Chapter 1 Introduction
Reserved phone ports
1.3.2
Management
VENUS 2814 provides several different ways for equipment management:
1.3.2.1
„
Terminal User Interface via the Console port for local management
„
Terminal User Interface via Telnet for remote management
„
Terminal User Interface via Web browser for remote management
„
SNMP Management
Console Port
By using the VT-100/ANSI compatible terminal emulation software, such as
Microsoft HyperTerminal, user is able to configure VENUS 2814 via the Console
port at the front panel. Refer to Chapter 3 for detailed Terminal UI description.
1.3.2.2
Telnet
VENUS 2814 can be managed through a Telnet connection. The User Interface
format and the management functions provided by TELNET are exactly the same
as the console port. To maintain the consistency of configuration, only one single
user is allowed to login the terminal user interface via the console port or Telnet at
the same time.
1.3.2.3
Web Browser
The gateway allows users to make settings using a web browser, must enable
Web function of the Venus configuration item first. After opening a browser, enter
gateway’s IP address as the website address in order to enter the Web
configuration screen as shown in the following diagram. (IE Browser used for
example) Please refer to Chapter 3.
6
Chapter 1 Introduction
1.3.2.4
SNMP Management
The embedded SNMP agent in VENUS 2814 allows the device to be managed by
the SNMP management system.
7
Chapter 1 Introduction
1.4
Technical Specifications
Table 1-1
VENUS 2814 Technical Specification
Items
General
Specification
Number of supported voice channels: 4
Console port: RS-232, DCE mod, interface: DB-9, female
WAN port: IEEE 802.3u 10/100Base-T Fast Ethernet
LED: PWR, RUN, WAN, DATA, VOICE CHANNEL 1~4
Button: RESET
Power: AC 100V ~ 230VAC, 50~60 Hz
Interface:DB 9, female
2-wire interface: (follow ITU-T G.712)
Impedance: 600Ω or 900Ω, configurable
Return loss: 300Hz ~ 600Hz >12dB, 600Hz ~ 3400Hz >15dB
Input gain: 0 to –5 dBm, adjustable (default-7dBm)
Output gain: -2 to –8 dBm, adjustable (default-2dBm)
Voice channel
Attenuation/frequency offset: Figure 5/G.712
Idle noise: < -65 dBm0p
4-wire interface: (follow ITU-T G.712)
Impedance: 600Ω
Input gain: -14 ~ +3 dBm, adjustable (default -7dBm)
Output gain: -13 ~ +4 dBm, adjustable (default -2dBm)
Attenuation/frequency offset: Figure 4/G.712
Idle noise: < -65 dBm0p
Data port: RS-232, DCE mode, interface: DB-9, male
Data rate: 1.200-230.400Kbps
Data port
Data format: 1 start bit,7 or 8 data bits, 1, 1.5 or 2 stop bits
Support checksum: None, even, odd, Mark, Space
Flow control: none
Console
Management
Telnet
Web/HTTP
SNMP
8
Chapter 1 Introduction
Items
Specification
Working temperature: 0°C ~ 50°C
Working
environment
Storage temperature: -10°C ~ 70°C
Relative humidity: 10% ~ 90% (non-condensing)
Size
9
437 W x 44 H x 286 D mm
19” 1U Pizza Box
Chapter 2 Hardware Installation
Chapter 2. Hardware Installation
2.1
Unpacking
This chapter provides the information for installation of the VENUS 2814. Before
unpacking, make a preliminary inspection of the container. Evidence of damage
should be noted and reported immediately. Unpack the equipment as follows:
„
Place the container on a flat surface and open the container.
„
Carefully take the VENUS 2814 out of the container and place it securely on
a flat, clean surface.
„
Inspect the unit for signs of damage. Immediately report any damage found.
„
Check the packing list against your order to ensure that the supplied modules
match your order. If modules have been pre-installed in accordance with your
order, check that all the modules are in their proper slots and are secure.
Immediately report any deviations.
11
Chapter 2 Hardware Installation
2.2
Site Requirements
2.2.1
Site Selection
Install the device in a clean area that is free from environmental extremes. Allow
at least 6 inch (15.24 cm) in front of the device for access to the front panel, and
at least 4-inch (10.2 cm) in back for cable clearance. Position the device so you
can easily see the front panel.
2.2.2
AC Electrical Outlet Connection
VENUS 2814 with AC power input should be installed within 1.83m (6 feet) of an
easily accessible grounded AC outlet capable of furnishing the required supply
voltage, in the range of 100 to 230V AC.
2.2.3
Grounding
The FCC requires telecommunications equipment to withstand electrical surges
that may result from lightning strikes; the VENUS 2814 device meet the
requirements set forth by the FCC. The following procedure outlines some
common practices that can minimize the risk of damage to computer equipment
from electrical surges.
„
Make sure the electric service in your building is properly grounded as
described in article 250 of the National Electrical Code (NEC) handbook.
„
Verify that a good copper wire of the appropriate gauge, as described in
Tables 250-94/95 of the NEC Handbook, is permanently connected between
the electric service panel in the building and a proper grounding device such
as:
…
12
A ground rod buried outside the building at least 8 feet (2.44 meters)
deep in the earth.
Chapter 2 Hardware Installation
…
Several ground rods, connected together, buried outside the building at
least 8 feet (2.44 meters) deep in the earth.
…
A wire (see tables 250-94/95 of the NEC handbook for gauge) that
surrounds the outside of the building and is buried at least 2.5 feet (.76
meters) deep in the earth.
Note:
The three grounding devices described above should be
firmly placed in the earth. Soil conditions should not be
dry where the device is buried.
13
…
If you are unsure whether the electric service in your building is properly
grounded, have it examined by your municipal electrical inspector.
…
Install a surge protector between the device and Ground point. Any
additional computer equipment you have connected to the device
(directly or through another device), such as a terminal or printer should
also be plugged into the same surge protector. Make sure that the surge
protector is properly rated for the devices you have connected to it.
…
Call your telephone company and ask them if your telephone line is
equipped with a circuit surge protector.
…
If you are operating the device in an area where the risk of electrical
surges form lightning is high, disconnect the device from the telephone
line at the rear panel when it is not in use.
Chapter 2 Hardware Installation
2.3
LED Indicators
Table 2-1
Label
PWR
LED Description
Function
Description
Power Status
Colors
Off (Power is Off)
Green (Power is ON)
Green (Normal Operation)
RUN
System Status Yellow (Performing Diagnosis)
Red (System Failure)
VOICE
CHANNEL
WAN
Voice Channel Off (On-Hook State of the Telephone Handset)
Status
Green (Off-Hook State of the Telephone Handset)
WAN Status
Green (Network Card is plug in and 10/100
Base-T Link is Up)
Off (Network Card is unplug)
Off (Link failure)
DATA
Data Status
Green (Link is up)
Blinking (Working)
14
Chapter 2 Hardware Installation
2.4
Front Panel Connections
2.4.1
Connecting the IP Network via Ethernet
On the base unit of VENUS 2814, the embedded 10/100Base-T Ethernet port is
provided as the standard interface to the IP network. The pin layout of the RJ-45
connector for IEEE 802.3 standard 10/100Base-T Ethernet ports are defined as
following:
Table 2-2
10/100Base-T Connection
Pin #.
Pin Function
1
TD+
2
TD-
3
RD+
4
N/C
5
N/C
6
RD-
7
N/C
8
N/C
For connecting the 10/100Base-T Fast Ethernet, a Category 5 unshielded
twisted-pair (UTP) cable or shielded twisted-pair cable is used. Two pairs of the
twisted wires are used for separated Rx (reception) and Tx (transmission). The
Fast Ethernet port is backward compatible with traditional 10Base-T Ethernet.
VENUS 2814 can automatically detect whether it is connected to a 10Base-T or
100Base-T Network.
2.4.2
Connecting the Terminal
The Console port connector labeled “CRAFT” on the front panel is provided for
connection to an external ANSI or VT-100 compatible terminal for quick and easy,
local configuration of the VENUS 2814.
15
Chapter 2 Hardware Installation
Speed and Data format: 115,200bps, none parity, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, and no
flow control.
Figure 2-1 DB-9F Console Interface
The console interface designed on VENUS 2814 is a female, DCE type RS-232
port. A straight DB-9 to DB-9 or DB-9 to DB-25 serial cable can be used to
connect VENUS 2814 directly to a PC’s serial port for terminal operation. The PIN
definition of the DB-9 is:
Table 2-3
Pin #
Pin definition of the Console Port connector
Signal
Source
2
TXD (Transmit Data)
DCE
3
RXD (Receive Data)
DTE
5
Signal Ground
7
CTS (Clear To Send)
DTE
8
RTS (Request To Send)
DCE
Note:
The serial UART port on some of the PCs may not support or
guarantee the speed of 115,200bps. Try another PC if the
terminal program is not responding or is displaying incorrect
characters.
16
Chapter 2 Hardware Installation
2.5
Power Source Connection
This model supports 100V~230VAC/50~60Hz (Auto-range) power source.
Note:
It is strongly recommended to use an AC power cord with
Grounding pin or connect the Grounding Screw on the rear
panel to the grounded supply of correct power system at
the site.
2.6
Voice Connection
VENUS 2814 device supports 4 voice ports, which can be connected with the
channel machine port. The connection interface is DB-9, female. Figure 2-3
shows the pin assignments.
Figure 2-2 Voice Interface
Table 2-1
Pin assignments for the voice interface
pin #
Signal
1
Tipn (Receive voice)
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Source
Channel
machine
TipnA (Transmit voice) VENUS 2814
M
Channel
machine
E
VENUS 2814
Ringn
Channel
machine
RingnA
VENUS 2814
Gnd
Reserved
Data Connection VENUS 2814 device supports 4 voice ports, which can be
connected with the channel machine port. The connection interface is DB-9,
female. Figure 2-3 shows the pin assignments.
17
Chapter 2 Hardware Installation
2.7
Data Connection
Data Connection VENUS 2814 device supports 4 voice ports, which can be
connected with the channel machine port. The connection interface is DB-9,
female. Figure 2-3 shows the pin assignments.
Figure 2-1
Table 2-2
Pin #
2
3
5
7
8
18
Data port
Data port pin assignment
Signal
TXD (Transmit data)
RXD (Receive data)
Signal ground
CTS (Clear to send)
RTS (Request to send)
Source
DCE
DTE
DTE
DCE
Chapter 2 Hardware Installation
2.8
Hardware Diagnosis
When all cable connection are completed, turn on the device power, the software
will be loaded automatically. VENUS 2814 will perform hardware detection,
initialization and diagnostics. The progress of hardware diagnostics is displayed
by the front panel LED indicators. If all the hardware tests are passed, "RUN"
indicator will be green. If it is red, this indicates that the hardware is faulty. For the
results of hardware diagnosis, please see the messages displayed on the
terminal program.
19
Chapter 2 Hardware Installation
2.9
Basic Configuration
After VENUS 2814 successfully boots up, the user can configure the device via
WEB or Console.
Default WEB login IP address is 192.168.0.1, mask is 255.255.255.0.
„
„
All ports of the same multicast controller need to be assigned numbers in
advance by the network management center;
When using Multi-point multicast, all multicast controllers need to assign with
the same multicast number. The multicast numbers are set on the broadcast
server must be allocated by the network management center in advance.
Above configurations can be found in the user management interface (UI).
20
Chapter 3 WEB Management
Chapter 3. WEB Management
This chapter describes VENUS 2814 user interface (UI). There are two ways to access the
device: through the serial CON port or via WEB. WEB interface are for end users, and CON
can manage more parameters, available for advanced users. If the assigned IP address is
correct, the user can login to TUI via WEB or Telnet. Section 3.1 describes WEB
management.
3.1
WEB Management
3.1.1
Setup PC
When using WEB to manage VENUS 2814, first setup the IP address of the
computer (terminal device), ensure the PC can access VENUS 2814.
3.1.2
Login
Open the web browser, such as Microsoft's IE browser, and type in the address
bar with VENUS 2814's IP address.
Default VENUS 2814 IP address is 192.168.0.1, with mask 255.255.255.0.
Default user name and password are both admin.
21
Chapter 3 WEB Management
3.2
Configurations
3.2.1
General Configurations
Figure 3-1 shows the terminal interface. Table 3 1 shows the available menu
options.
Figure 3-1
Table 3-1
Item
General configurations
General configuration descriptions
Description
To enter a name for the VENUS 2814 device for
IAD Name
easier management. Do not input Chinese.
IP address
Set the IP address of VENUS 2814
Net Mask
Set the netmask of VENUS 2814
Default Gateway Set the default gateway of VENUS 2814
3.2.2
EM Configuration
In the EM configuration page, the number, hotline and method of each ports is
assigned. As show in Figure 3-2.
22
Chapter 3 WEB Management
Figure 3-2
Table 3-2
Item
Port
Number
Hotline
Mode
3.2.3
EM configuration
EM configuration descriptions
Description
Port 1~4 represents the 4 voice channel of VENUS
2814
Assign a unique number for the voice port. Needs to
be assigned by the network management center.
1、 When used in point-to-point application, set the
voice link to VENUS 2814 message with the format
"to voice channel [email protected] IP address of VENUS
2814";
2、 When used in multicast application, set the
multicast server message with the format "multicast
[email protected] server IP address".
Select operating mode for point-to-point or multipoint
multicast.
Conference Group
In the conference group page, the each port can be assigned with a conference
group. Every group can have up to 32 multicast points or broadcast channels. The
conference group format is "other port numbers that belong to the same
[email protected] server IP address".
When making conference calls, local port should follow the list in the conference
table to send message to the remote units.
23
Chapter 3 WEB Management
Figure 3-3
Conference group
When working in multipoint conference mode, first enter the conference server
number and IP address in the "link setup-link number" field. Next enter the other
ports in the same conference group in the "conference group list" field.
Select Port1~Port4 conference group in this page to show/edit the other ports in
the same group, the format is "port [email protected] server IP address".
24
Chapter 3 WEB Management
3.3
System Status
This menu displays the status of VENUS 2814.
3.3.1
H/W Info
Shows the hardware configuration and diagnosis report of VENUS 2814.
Figure 3-4
3.3.2
H/W info
System Info
Display system up time of VENUS 2814 and other information.
Figure 3-5
25
System info
Chapter 3 WEB Management
3.4
System Operation
This menu performs the following functions: reboot, restore to default and
software upgrade of VENUS 2814.
3.4.1
Warm Start
VENUS 2814 needs 50 seconds to perform warm start. The network will be down
during rebooting.
Figure 3-6
3.4.2
Warm start
Restore Default
Operate VENUS 2814 to restore to factory settings and restart, but IP addresses
will stay unchanged. Link will be interrupted during rebooting.
After restored to default, VENUS 2814 keeps the IP address unchanged, thus the
other parameters need to be reconfigured. The default parameters are below:
IAD name: MAC
Mode: P2P
Port number: 01~04
26
Chapter 3 WEB Management
Link number: blank
Multilink group list: blank
Figure 3-7
27
Restore default
Chapter 3 WEB Management
3.4.3
Software Upgrade
Software upgrade time depends on network condition. The link will be interrupted
during the upgrade.
VENUS 2814 supports upgrading with TFTP.
Table 3-3
Item
TFTP server IP address
TFTP server port
Binary file name
Figure 3-8
28
Software upgrade
Description
Enter IP address of the TFTP server.
Enter TFTP server port, usually 69.
Enter file name of the software, must
include the extension.
Software upgrade
Chapter 4 Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Chapter 4. Maintenance and Troubleshooting
4.1
Instruments
The following instruments may help to allocate the problem:
29
„
A multi-meter: to identify the line condition, the power condition, etc.
„
A PC: with a LAN card installed and the IP setup configured properly
„
A network scope: to identify the network status and the traffic load over the
network.
Chapter 4 Maintenance and Troubleshooting
4.2
Troubleshooting
Turn off the power first. Follow the procedures below to allocate the problem:
1) Cable Connections
Make sure all the cables are connected correctly and firmly. Check if you provide
a correct power source.
2) The Power Source
The LED indicators offer some helpful information for users to check the hardware
status of VENUS 2814. Check if the PWR LED is ON. Use the multi-meter to
measure the power supply.
3) Boot up Diagnosis
Observe the boot up sequence of the gateway. During the boot up phase, VENUS
2814 performs the hardware initialization, run-time AP software verification,
interface module detection and then the hardware diagnosis procedure. Check if
all the LEDs can display correctly.
The SYS ALM LED indicates the diagnosis state: while it is Yellow, the device is
performing diagnosis. A Red SYS ALM LED indicates a hardware failure. A Green
SYS LED indicates no hardware failure.
Login to the Craft port Interface, and select the “Hardware Configuration and
Diagnosis Report” menu to see if the device reports correct hardware
configuration, type of interface cards installed, number of voice channel detected,
and the diagnosis results.
In case of hardware failures, record the indication of LEDs during the boot up
phase, and report the diagnosis result generated by VENUS 2814 to our
customer service.
4) IP Network Interface Connection
Check the indicator for the WAN interface indicating normal condition. If the
10/100Base-T Fast Ethernet port is used, check if the 10/100BT LED is on. Verify
if a correct Ethernet cable is used. To connect VENUS 2814 directly to another
Ethernet port of a network node (for example a router), a cross cable, instead of a
straight cable, may be used.
30
Chapter 4 Maintenance and Troubleshooting
5) IP Address Configuration
Check if the IP address was assigned statically or obtained dynamically from a
DHCP server.
If the DHCP client mode is enabled, look at the DHCP server for the exact IP
address assigned to the gateway or monitor the display message of the DHCP
server discovery status from the Terminal User Interface via the Console port.
Remember that the DHCP server must be located in the local network where the
DHCP server can receive the broadcast packets sent from the gateway. Make
sure there is unused IP address available on the DHCP server.
If static IP address is enabled, make sure the net mask and the default Gateway
are set correctly. Use the PC to perform a PING test to the gateway, or activate
the PING feature from within the Craft port Interface to verify the IP packet
transmission between the gateway and some other nodes. Try to PING the
default gateway first, then the SIP Proxy Server. Check with your access service
provider for a well-maintained WAN link.
Use the Network Scope (or the Protocol Analyzer) to monitor the packets sent
received by the VENUS 2814.
6) Firewall and NAT
Normally, a public IP address should be used for VENUS 2814. In case the
VENUS 2814 is located in the local network behind the firewall or router, Make
sure the IP packets is not blocked or modified.
For the security purpose, a firewall server or VPN is usually installed to filter out
unauthorized accesses from the outside world. Make sure the traffic to/from the
VoIP gateway is not blocked.
The NAT server may cause problem as well. The NAT server performs the
Network Address Translation between the public IP address and the private IP
address. It may not recognize some Text-based protocols (like SIP) used by the
VoIP gateway and may cause incorrect IP address or port translation for a packet.
7) Hear the Voice Quality
If the voice quality is not good, possible reasons include
Low WAN link throughput not able to support enough bandwidth for voice traffic
(see the following table for calculation of maximum bandwidth required)
Network congestion: a well maintained network flow control policy or protocol
31
Chapter 4 Maintenance and Troubleshooting
help to control the traffic and prioritize the service for different type of media
Network device delay: firewall, router, switch, access device, etc all contribute
latency to the traffic. A good network configuration in advance is very important.
Type of the Voice Codec selected is a big factor and tradeoff to the voice quality.
The PCM type codec (G.711 u-law or A-law) provide excellent voice quality, but
consume large amount of network bandwidth. A higher compression rate codec
provide fair voice quality and consumes less network bandwidth, however
requires more CPU/DSP power which increase the voice latency.
Table 4-1
Voice Codec Bandwidth
Codec Types
32
Bit Rate
ITU-T G.711 A-Law PCM
64K
ITU-T G.711 μ-Law PCM
64K
ITU-T G.723.1
6.3K/5.3K
ITU-T G.729A
8K
ITU-T G.726.
16/24/32/40K
Appendix A Abbreviation
Appendix A Abbreviation
Abbreviation
Stands for
ARP
Address Resolution Protocol
BootP
Bootstrap Protocol
CLI
Command Line Interface
CPU
Central Processing Unit
DDN
Digital Data Network
DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DNS
Domain Name System or Domain Name Server
DSP
Digital Signal Processor
FXS
Foreign Exchange Station
HTTP
Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
IAD
Integrated Access Device
IADMS
IAD Management Server
ICMP
Internet Control Message Protocol
IETF
Internet Engineering Task Force
ITU-T
International Telecommunication Union - Telecommunication
MDU
Multi-Dwellings Units
MGCP
MEDIA GATEWAY CONTROL PROTOCOL
MIB
Management Information Base
MTU
Multi-Tenants Units
NAT
Network Address Translation
NCS
Network-based Call Signal protocol
NGN
Next Generation Network
POTS
Plain Old Telephone System
PPPoE
Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet
PSTN
Public Switched Telephone Network
RARP
Reverse Address Resolution Protocol
RFC
Request for Comments
RTP
Real Time Protocol
33
Appendix A Abbreviation
SDP
Session Description Protocol
SIP
Session Initiation Protocol
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol
TCP
Transmission Control Protocol
TELNET
Telecommunication Network Protocol
TFTP
Trivial File Transfer Protocol
UA
User Agent
UI
User Interface
UDP
User Datagram Protocol
URL
Uniform Resource Locator
VAD
Voice Activity Detection
VoIP
Voice over Internet Protocol
VPN
Virtual Private Network
34
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement