Vansco Instruction Book
VMM1615
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
HY33-5008-IB/US
Instruction Book Ed. 05/2011
UM-VMM1615-935000-0.9-201105-04
Parker Hannifin Corporation
Electronic Controls Division
1305 Clarence Avenue
Winnipeg, MB R3T 1T4 Canada
Office +1 204 452 6776
Fax
+1 204 478 1749
http://www.parker.com/ecd
http://www.vansco.ca
http://www.iqan.com
Copyright 2011 © Parker Hannifin Corporation. All rights reserved. No part of this work may be
reproduced, published, or distributed in any form or by any means (electronically,
mechanically, photocopying, recording, or otherwise), or stored in a database retrieval system,
without the prior written permission of Parker Hannifin Corporation in each instance.
Warning!
FAILURE OR IMPROPER SELECTION OR IMPROPER USE OF THE PRODUCTS AND/OR
SYSTEMS DESCRIBED HEREIN OR RELATED ITEMS CAN CAUSE DEATH, PERSONAL INJURY
AND PROPERTY DAMAGE.
•
This document and other information from Parker Hannifin Corporation, its subsidiaries and
authorized distributors provide product and/or system options for further investigation by users
having technical expertise.
•
The user, through its own analysis and testing, is solely responsible for making the final selection of
the system and components and assuring that all performance, endurance, maintenance, safety
and warning requirements of the application are met. The user must analyze all aspects of the
application, follow applicable industry standards, and follow the information concerning the product
in the current product catalog and in any other materials provided from Parker or its subsidiaries or
authorized distributors.
•
To the extent that Parker or its subsidiaries or authorized distributors provide component or system
options based upon data or specifications provided by the user, the user is responsible for
determining that such data and specifications are suitable and sufficient for all applications and
reasonably foreseeable uses of the components or systems.
Offer of Sale
The items described in this document are hereby offered for sale by Parker Hannifin Corporation, its
subsidiaries or its authorized distributors. This offer and its acceptance are governed by the provisions
stated in the "Offer of Sale" elsewhere in this document, or available at www.parker.com.
Contents
Contents
1. Introduction
1.1.
Safety symbols
2. Precautions
2.1.
6
7
General safety regulations
7
2.1.1.
2.1.2.
2.1.3.
2.1.4.
8
8
8
8
Construction regulations
Safety during installation
Safety during start-up
Safety during maintenance and fault diagnosis
3. How to Use this Manual
3.1.
6
Diagram Conventions
4. Quick Start
9
9
11
4.1.
Overview
11
4.2.
Gather Required Materials
11
4.3.
Install the Required Software Tools
12
4.4.
4.3.1. Install the Data Link Adaptor (DLA) Driver Software
Connect the VMM1615 to a Development System
12
13
4.5.
4.4.1. Power Up the Development System
Create and Download Ladder Logic Software Applications
14
14
5. Inputs
15
5.1.
VMM1615 Digital Input Types
15
5.2.
5.1.1. Programmable Digital Inputs
5.1.2. Digital Input
5.1.3. Power Control Digital Input
5.1.4. Addressing Digital Inputs
VMM1615 Analog Inputs
15
18
19
20
21
5.3.
5.2.1. VMM1615 Analog Input Capabilities
5.2.2. VMM1615 Analog Input Configurations
VMM1615 DC-Coupled Frequency Inputs
21
23
24
5.3.1.
5.3.2.
24
25
VMM1615 DC-Coupled Frequency Input Capabilities
DC-Coupled Frequency Input Configuration
6. Outputs
6.1.
26
High-Side Outputs
26
6.1.1.
6.1.2.
6.1.3.
6.1.4.
6.1.5.
6.1.6.
6.1.7.
27
27
28
29
30
31
32
10A High-Side Output Capabilities
5A High-Side Output with Current Sense Capabilities
5A High Side Output Capabilities
2.5A High-Side Output with Current Sense Capabilities
High-Side Output Configuration
High Side Output Connections
High-Side Output Diagnostics and Fault Protection
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
3
Contents
6.2.
VMM1615 Low-Side Output with Current Sense
33
6.3.
6.2.1. Low-Side Output with Current Sense Capabilities
6.2.2. Low-Side Output with Current Sense Configuration
6.2.3. Low-Side Output with Current Sense Installation Connection
6.2.4. Low-Side Outputs with Current Sense Diagnostics
Solid State Relays
33
34
35
36
37
6.3.1.
6.3.2.
6.3.3.
37
37
39
Solid State Relay Capabilities
Solid State Relay Installation Connections
Solid State Relay Diagnostics
7. Power
40
7.1.
Logic Power
40
7.2.
7.1.1. Logic Power Capabilities
7.1.2. Logic Power Installation Connections
Busbar Power
40
40
41
7.3.
7.2.1. Output Power Capabilities
Sensor Power
41
41
7.3.1.
7.3.2.
41
42
Sensor Power Capabilities
Sensor Power Installation Connections
8. Communication
8.1.
43
Controller Area Network (CAN)
43
8.1.1.
8.1.2.
8.1.3.
43
44
44
VMM1615 CAN Capabilities
J1939 CAN Configuration
J1939 CAN Installation Connections
9. VMM1615 Diagnostic LED's
46
9.1.
Power LED
46
9.2.
Standby LED
46
9.3.
NET1 and NET2 LEDs
46
9.4.
Address LEDs
46
9.5.
Inputs LEDs
47
9.6.
Output LEDs
47
10. VMM1615 Connectors
48
10.1. VMM1615 Connector Pin-outs
50
11. Installing a VMM1615 into a Vehicle
53
11.1. Mechanical Guidelines
53
11.1.1. VMM1615 Dimensions
11.1.2. Selecting a Mounting Location
11.1.3. Mounting the VMM1615 to a Vehicle
11.2. Electrical Guidelines
53
53
55
55
11.2.1. Designing the Vehicle Harness
11.2.2. Connecting the Vehicle Harness to the VMM1615
12. Application Examples
12.1. Implementing Safety Interlocks
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
55
56
57
57
4
Contents
12.2. Controlling Indicator Lights
58
12.3. Controlling a Proportional Valve
60
12.4. Controlling Motor Speed
61
12.5. VMM1615 Using one Analog Input as two Digital Inputs
62
12.6. Connecting Common Sensors
63
12.6.1.
12.6.2.
12.6.3.
12.6.4.
Open Collector
Connecting a switch to VMM1615
Voltage
Potentiometer (Ratiometric)
13. Startup
13.1. Start-up procedures
13.1.1. Starting the control system
13.1.2. Prepare for system start
13.1.3. Start the system
63
64
65
65
67
67
67
68
68
14. Glossary of Terms
69
15. Index
74
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
5
Introduction
1.
Introduction
These instructions are meant as a reference tool for the vehicle manufacturer's
design, production, and service personnel.
The user of this manual should have basic knowledge in the handling of electronic
equipment.
1.1.
Safety symbols
Sections regarding safety, marked with a symbol in the left margin, must be read and
understood by everyone using the system, carrying out service work or making
changes to hardware and software.
The different safety levels used in this manual are defined below.
WARNING
Sections marked with a warning symbol in the left margin, indicate that a hazardous
situation exists. If precautions are not taken, this could result in death, serious injury
or major property damage.
CAUTION
Sections marked with a caution symbol in the left margin, indicate that a potentially
hazardous situation exists. If precautions are not taken, this could result in minor
injury or property damage.
NOTICE
Sections marked with a notice symbol in the left margin, indicate there is important
information about the product. Ignoring this could result in damage to the product.
Contact the manufacturer if there is anything you are not sure about or if you have
any questions regarding the product and its handling or maintenance.
The term "manufacturer" refers to Parker Hannifin Corporation.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
6
Precautions
2.
Precautions
2.1.
General safety regulations
Work on the hydraulics control electronics may only be carried out by trained
personnel who are well-acquainted with the control system, the machine and its
safety regulations.
WARNING
Mounting, modification, repair and maintenance must be carried out in accordance
with the manufacturer's regulations. The manufacturer has no responsibility for any
accidents caused by incorrectly mounted or incorrectly maintained equipment. The
manufacturer does not assume any responsibility for the system being incorrectly
applied, or the system being programmed in a manner that jeopardizes safety.
WARNING
Damaged product may not be used. If the control system shows error functions or if
electronic modules, cabling or connectors are damaged, the system shall not be
used.
WARNING
Electronic control systems in an inappropriate installation and in combination with
strong electromagnetic interference fields can, in extreme cases, cause an
unintentional change of speed of the output function.
NOTICE
As much as possible of the welding work on the chassis should be done before the
installation of the system. If welding has to be done afterwards, the electrical
connections on the system must be disconnected from other equipment. The
negative cable must always be disconnected from the battery before disconnecting
the positive cable. The ground wire of the welder shall be positioned as close as
possible to the place of the welding. The cables on the welding unit shall never be
placed near the electrical wires of the control system.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
7
Precautions
2.1.1.
Construction regulations
CAUTION
The vehicle must be equipped with an emergency stop which disconnects the supply
voltage to the control system's electrical units. The emergency stop must be easily
accessible to the operator. The machine must be built if possible, so that the supply
voltage to the control system's electrical units is disconnected when the operator
leaves the operator’s station.
2.1.2.
Safety during installation
CAUTION
Incorrectly positioned or mounted cabling can be influenced by radio signals which
can interfere with the functions of the system.
2.1.3.
Safety during start-up
WARNING
The machine's engine must not be started before the control system is mounted and
its electrical functions have been verified.
Ensure that no one is in front, behind or nearby the machine when first starting up
the machine.
Follow the instructions for function control in the Start-up section.
2.1.4.
Safety during maintenance and fault diagnosis
CAUTION
Ensure that the following requirements are fulfilled before any work is carried out on
the hydraulics control electronics.
• The machine cannot start moving.
• Functions are positioned safely.
• The machine is turned off.
• The hydraulic system is relieved from any pressure.
• Supply voltage to the control electronics is disconnected.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
8
How to Use this Manual
3.
How to Use this Manual
This manual describes the hardware components of the VMM1615, but does not
explain how to write or configure the software. For more information about software,
refer to the appropriate software manual, or contact your Parker Vansco Account
Representative.
3.1.
Diagram Conventions
There are many connection diagrams found throughout this manual. The following
table provides meanings for the different symbols used in those diagrams:
Symbol
Meaning
General input
General output
Frequency input
Analog input
Frequency sensor
Pulse sensor
Resistive sensor
General sensor
Application switch
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
9
How to Use this Manual
Symbol
Meaning
Load
Pull-down resistor
Pull-up resistor
Battery
Fuse
Resistor
Ground
Chassis ground
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
10
Quick Start
4.
Quick Start
This section provides step-by-step instructions on how to connect the VMM1615 to a
development system, install the required software tools, and download ladder logic
application software.
4.1.
Overview
The following is a high-level overview of the steps involved with this section:
1. Gather the required materials.
2. Install the required software tools provided by Parker Vansco.
3. Connect the VMM1615 to a development system (desktop) and power it up.
4. Download ladder logic application software.
4.2.
Gather Required Materials
The following materials are required for the procedures in this section:
•
A VMM1615
•
A personal computer (PC)
•
A controller I/O board
•
A controller I/O harness (connects the VMM1615 to the controller I/O board)
•
An evaluation kit power harness (connects the controller I/O board to the
power supply)
•
A Data Link Adapter (DLA) kit (comes with cables needed for connecting the
DLA to your PC and to the rest of the system)
•
A desktop power supply compatible with the VMM1615 and controller I/O
board loads (a 12 VDC, 3 A fixed voltage supply is generally suitable, unless
driving more significant loads)
•
A procurement drawing for the version of VMM1615 you are using, that
represents the configuration options for your variant of the product.
•
Software tools and files required for programming and downloading software
for the VMM1615.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
11
Quick Start
NOTICE
With the exception of the PC and desktop power supply, all materials and software
are available from Parker Vansco. Please consult your Parker Vansco Account
Representative for specific details and pricing information.
4.3.
Install the Required Software Tools
Before you start using the VMM1615, you must install the software tools onto your
PC.
The VMM1615 requires the following software tools:
4.3.1.
•
Data Link Adaptor (DLA) drivers: The DLA acts as the interface between the PC
and the VMM1615. Before using the DLA, you must install the DLA drivers.
•
Parker Vansco Software Tools: Parker Vansco provides the VMMS software tool
to create and download software for the VMM1615. Contact your Parker Vansco
Account Representative, or visit the Parker website to get further information on
how obtain a product key.
Install the Data Link Adaptor (DLA) Driver Software
A Data Link Adaptor (DLA) is needed when connecting the VMM1615 in a
development system.
The Parker Vansco DLA requires drivers that you must install on your PC.
NOTICE
Parker Vansco provides the latest DLA software releases through its web site. Please
contact your Parker Vansco Account Representative for details on how to download
the latest DLA driver software.
To install the Parker Vansco DLA drivers
1. Download the driver, run the extracted file and follow the Install Wizard.
2. Connect the USB DLA to a USB port on your PC.
The Found New Hardware screen opens.
3. Select Install the software automatically (Recommended), and then click
Next.
4. Click Finish.
The USB DLA is now recognized and ready to be used. See the Vansco DLA kit user
manual for more detailed instructions.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
12
Quick Start
4.4.
Connect the VMM1615 to a Development System
It is a good idea to connect the VMM1615 to a development system (PC, Controller
I/O Board, power source, and DLA) to verify your ladder logic application. The
development system is an ideal environment for creating and downloading ladder
logic software applications.
The following is an overall block diagram of how to connect the VMM1615 in a
development system:
Power
I/O Board
Controller
DLA
PC
Figure 1: Development system connection
To connect the VMM1615 in a development system, do the following:
NOTICE
Before connecting anything in the development system, ensure the power supply is
set to a voltage that is less than 32 VDC.
1. Connect the Controller I/O harness to the VMM1615 connectors.
2. Connect the Controller I/O harness to the controller I/O board connectors.
3. Connect the evaluation kit power/CAN harness to the controller I/O
board’s JP3 connector.
4. Do not connect the power wire (RED) from the evaluation kit power/CAN
harness to the power supply (+) terminal at this time.
5. Connect the ground wire (BLACK) from the evaluation kit power/CAN
harness to the power supply (-) terminal.
6. Connect the CAN connector from the evaluation kit power/CAN harness to
the corresponding mating connector and harness on the DLA.
7. Connect the DLA to a personal computer via the USB port.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
13
Quick Start
NOTICE
You must install the DLA drivers before connecting the DLA to the PC.
4.4.1.
Power Up the Development System
Once the VMM1615 is set up in a development system, you need to power it up.
To power up the VMM1615, do the following:
1. Ensure all controller I/O board digital inputs, jumpers, and dip switches
are properly configured for your module type. Refer to the Controller I/O
Board Reference Manual for further details.
2. Ensure the power wire (RED) on the controller I/O board is not connected
to the power supply (refer to the Controller I/O Board Reference Manual for
details).
3. Turn the power supply on.
4. If using a variable power supply, set the voltage to a value between 10 - 28
VDC.
5. Turn the power supply off.
6. Connect the power wire (RED) on the connector I/O board to the power
supply.
7. Turn the power supply on.
NOTICE
If INPUT_1 or INPUT_2 is configured as a power control input, you must turn on the
corresponding digital input switch on the controller I/O board (Digital Input 1 or
Digital Input 2). Refer to the Controller I/O Board Reference Manual for further
details.
4.5.
Create and Download Ladder Logic Software Applications
Software applications can be created and downloaded to the VMM1615.
The software applications for the VMM1615 can be created with the Vansco
Multiplexing Module Software (VMMS) tool, using ladder logic.
Consult your Parker Vansco Account Representative for information about your
software programming options.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
14
Inputs
5.
Inputs
The VMM1615 has three types of inputs, as follows:
•
Digital
•
Analog
•
Frequency
NOTICE
Do not connect inputs directly to unprotected inductive loads such as solenoids or
relay coils, because they can produce high voltage spikes that may damage the
VMM1615. If an inductive load must be connected to an input, use a protective
diode or transorb.
5.1.
VMM1615 Digital Input Types
Digital inputs are typically used with electrical signals and switches that are either on
or off.
There are 3 types of digital inputs in the VMM1615:
5.1.1.
•
Programmable Digital Inputs
•
Digital Inputs
•
Power Control Digital Inputs
Programmable Digital Inputs
The VMM1615 has 5 programmable digital inputs:
•
5.1.1.1.
INPUT3_D through INPUT7_D.
Programmable Digital Input Capabilities
The following table provides specifications for the VMM1615's programmable digital
inputs:
Table 1: Programmable Digital Input Specifications
Item
MIN
NOM
MAX
UNIT
Input voltage range
0
-
32
V
Over-voltage
-
-
36
V
Inductive load protection
-
Yes
-
-
Pull-up/down resistance
713
750
788
Ω
Capacitance at pin
-
0.005
-
µF
Pull-up/down frequency
-
-
40
Hz
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
15
Inputs
Item
i
MIN
NOM
MAX
UNIT
Pull-up/down duty cycle
-
-
12
%
Pull-up/down active time
3
-
-
ms
Negative going input threshold
-
-
1.56
V
Positive going input threshold
3.82
-
-
V
Input Frequency @ 50% duty
-
-
20
Hz
Active Low - Activating Resistance @ 6V
263
-
-
Ω
Active Low - Deactivating Resistance @ 6V
-
-
1.32k
Ω
Active Low - Activating Resistance @ 32V
39
-
-
Ω
Active Low - Deactivating Resistance @ 32V -
-
102
Ω
Active High - Activating Resistance @ 6V
427
-
-
Ω
Active High - Deactivating Resistance @ 6V
-
-
2.1k
Ω
Active High - Activating Resistance @ 32V
5.5k
-
-
Ω
Active High - Deactivating Resistance @ 32V -
-
14.6k
Ω
Active High - Activating Resistance @ 6V
2.4k
-
-
Ω
Active High - Deactivating Resistance @ 6V
-
-
6.9k
Ω
INFORMATION
In software, the pull-up or pull-down resistors should be switched in the following
manner:
• When the input is inactive, switch the pull-up or pull-down on 100% duty.
• When an active state change is detected, switch the pull-up or pull-down off and
start to pulse the resistor on and off within the specified frequency and duty cycle
shown in the table above.
• The resistor can go back to constant on when the input is inactive.
The pull up or pull-down selection signals must never be active at the same time.
Doing this will result in a short circuit from battery to ground through the selection
transistors.
5.1.1.2.
VMM1615 Programmable Digital Input Configuration
Digital inputs are configured as active high or active low by using pull-up or pulldown resistors internal to the module.
•
When the input is configured as active high, an internal pull-down resistor is
used, and the input will be active when it is switched to battery voltage.
•
When the input is configured as active low, an internal pull-up resistor is used,
and the input will be active when it is switched to ground.
All digital inputs have their wetting current configured according to the following:
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
16
Inputs
i
INFORMATION
A digital switch (typically connected to a digital input) usually requires wetting
current (a small current that burns off contact oxidation when it is activated). The
amount of required wetting current required is based on battery voltage and on the
value of the pull-down resistor.
•
5.1.1.3.
Wetting current is determined by the value of the resistor. The maximum wetting
current in the VMM1615 is 10 mA @7.5 Vdc.
Programmable Digital Input Installation Connections
You must be aware of the following when connecting digital inputs:
A digital input is typically connected to a switch that is either open or closed.
•
When the switch is open, the pull-up or pull-down resistor will ensure no
voltage exists on the input signal, which will be interpreted by the VMM1615 as
inactive.
•
When the switch is closed, the input is connected to either battery voltage or
ground, which will be interpreted by the VMM1615 as active.
Active high input
•
Must be connected to battery power to ensure there is a battery connection
when the state of the input changes.
The following shows a typical active high digital input connection:
Internal to product
Application Switch
Active High
Digital Input
Battery
Figure 2: Active high digital input
Active low input
•
Must be connected to ground to ensure there is a ground connection when the
state of the input changes.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
17
Inputs
The following shows a typical active low digital input connection:
Internal to product
Application switch
Active Low
Digital Input
Figure 3: Active low digital input connections
5.1.2.
Digital Input
The VMM1615 has 1 digital input:
•
5.1.2.1.
INPUT2_D
VMM1615 Digital Input Capabilities
The VMM1615 has an active high digital input that must be activated (pulled to
battery voltage) to enable the unit to function.
The following table provides specifications for the VMM1615's digital input:
Table 2: Digital Input Specifications
Item
i
MIN
NOM
MAX
UNIT
Input voltage range
0
-
32
V
Over-voltage
-
-
36
V
Inductive load protection
-
Yes
-
-
Pull-down resistance
1.9k
2.0k
2.1k
Ω
Capacitance at pin
-
0.01
-
µF
Negative going input threshold
-
-
1.56
V
Positive going input threshold
3.82
-
-
V
Input Power Up Threshold
1.4
-
3.9
V
Cutoff frequency (hardware)
-
98
-
Hz
INFORMATION
The digital input voltage must be greater than 3.9 V before it is considered an active
high input.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
18
Inputs
5.1.3.
Power Control Digital Input
The VMM1615 has one active-high power control digital input that is used for
waking up (turning on) the product, as follows:
•
5.1.3.1.
INPUT1_D
VMM1615 Power Control Input Capabilities
The VMM1615 has an active high power control digital input that must be activated
to power up the unit.
The following table provides specifications for the VMM1615's power control digital
input:
Table 3: Power Control Digital Input Specifications
Item
i
MIN
NOM
MAX
UNIT
Input voltage range
0
-
32
V
Over-voltage
-
-
36
V
Inductive load protection
-
Yes
-
-
Pull-down resistance
1.9k
2.0k
2.1k
Ω
Capacitance at pin
-
0.01
-
µF
Negative going input threshold
-
-
1.56
V
Positive going input threshold
3.82
-
-
V
Input Power Up Threshold
1.4
-
3.9
V
Cutoff frequency (hardware)
-
98
-
Hz
INFORMATION
The power control digital input voltage must be greater than 3.9 V before it is
considered an active high input.
The power control digital input wakes-up the VMM1615 when switched high to a
voltage of 3.9 V or greater, and turns the VMM1615 off when switched low to a
voltage less than 1.4 V. The VMM1615 will also shut off when an open circuit
condition occurs on the power control digital input.
5.1.3.2.
VMM1615 Power Control Digital Input Installation Connections
You must be aware of the following when connecting power control inputs:
•
The power control digital input is usually connected to the vehicle ignition, but it
can be connected to any power source in a system.
•
When battery power (VBATT_LOGIC) is connected, and the power control digital
input is inactive, the VMM1615 will go into sleep mode.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
19
Inputs
The following diagram shows a typical power control digital input connection:
Internal to product
Application Switch
Power Control Input
Power
Control
Pull-Down
Resistor
Battery
Figure 4: Power control digital input installation connections
5.1.4.
Addressing Digital Inputs
Digital inputs ADDR1, ADDR2, ADDR3, ADDR4 and ADDR5 are dedicated address inputs .
These inputs are used to set the system address on the module such that it is unique
among all other modules in the system. The maximum allowable addresses in a
VMM system is 31 including all devices on the bus (VMMs, PGM, LIMs, etc.).
These inputs are all low-side inputs with 750 ohm internal pull-up resistors. The
inputs are pulsed to ensure that a floating pin is read as inactive by the module.
The addressing arrangement is shown in the following table, which shows the
required inputs that need to be active and floating (active shown as 1, floating shown
as 0).
Table 4: VMM System Addressing
5
Address Inputs
4
3
2
1
VMM address
0
0
0
0
0
VMM1
0
0
0
0
1
VMM2
0
0
0
1
0
VMM3
0
0
0
1
1
VMM4
0
0
1
0
0
VMM5
1
1
1
1
0
VMM31
NOTICE
Address 32 is Reserved and therefore may not be used in a system design.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
20
Inputs
The following shows a typical addressing digital input connection.
Internal to product
Customer
connection
Addressing
Digital Input
Figure 5: Addressing digital input connections
5.2.
VMM1615 Analog Inputs
Analog inputs are typically used to read electrical signals that span a voltage range.
The VMM1615 has 8 analog inputs:
•
INPUT9_AD through INPUT16_AD
Two of the analog inputs (INPUT9_AD and INPUT10_AD) are type 1, and the
remaining analog inputs (INPUT11_AD through INPUT16_AD) are type 2.
i
INFORMATION
Analog inputs can be configured to function as programmable digital inputs.
5.2.1.
VMM1615 Analog Input Capabilities
Type 1 analog inputs have programmable gain and attenuation to provide a wider
array of input range options. These inputs have programmable pull-up or pull-down
resistor values, including a resistor that can be used for 4 to 20mA sensor readings.
The following provides specifications for the VMM1615's type 1 analog inputs:
Table 5: Type 1 Analog Input Specifications
Item
MIN
NOM
MAX
UNIT
Input voltage range
0
-
32
V
Over-voltage
-
-
36
V
Inductive load protection
-
No
-
-
Pull-up resistance
3.29k
3.33k
3.36k
Ω
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
21
Inputs
Item
MIN
NOM
MAX
UNIT
Pull-down resistance 1
3.29k
3.33k
3.36k
Ω
Pull-down resistance 2
246
249
252
Ω
Capacitance at pin
-
0.005
-
µF
Input resistance with pull-up/down inactive
74.9k
-
-
Ω
Resolution
-
-
11.25
Bit
Accuracy
-
3
Frequency cutoff
-
-
23
Hz
Negative going input threshold
-
-
2.00
V
Positive going input threshold
2.50
-
-
V
%
Table 6: Type 1 Analog Input Voltage Ranges
Max Volts
0.599
0.749
1.500
3.000
3.119
3.898
4.058
5.072
6.578
7.806
8.220
10.157
15.611
16.462
20.314
32.925
Type 2 analog inputs have programmable attenuation only. These inputs have
programmable pull-up or pull-down resistor values, including a resistor that can be
used for 4 to 20mA sensor readings.
The following provides specifications for the VMM1615's Type 2 analog inputs:
Table 7: Type 2 Analog Input Specifications
Item
MIN
NOM
MAX
UNIT
Input voltage range
0
-
32
V
Over-voltage
-
-
36
V
Inductive load protection
-
No
-
-
Pull-up resistance
3.29k
3.33k
3.36k
Ω
Pull-down resistance 1
3.29k
3.33k
3.36k
Ω
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
22
Inputs
Item
MIN
NOM
MAX
UNIT
Pull-down resistance 2
246
249
252
Ω
Capacitance at pin
-
0.005
-
µF
Input resistance with pull-up/down inactive
74.9k
-
-
Ω
Resolution
-
-
11.25
Bit
Accuracy
-
3
Frequency cutoff
-
-
23
Hz
Negative going input threshold
-
-
2.00
V
Positive going input threshold
2.50
-
-
V
%
Table 8: Type 2 Analog Input Ranges
Max Volts
3.000
15.611
20.314
32.925
5.2.2.
VMM1615 Analog Input Configurations
The analog inputs have the ability using VMMS software to have either a pull-up or
pull-down resistor enabled, have pull-up and pull-down enabled at same time, have
a separate pull-down (of 249 ohms) enabled for 4 to 20 mA current sensor, or no
pull-up or pull-down resistors at all.
With Type 1 analog inputs (INPUT9_AD and INPUT10_AD)
•
Select the input voltage range, which automatically sets the attenuation and
gain
The following diagram shows the configuration for Type 1 analog inputs:
Internal to
product
Application
sensor
Pull-up
value
Filter
+
-
Pull-down
value
249
ohm
Attenuation
Gain
Pull-up / pull-down options
Figure 6: Type 1 analog input configuration options
With Type 2 analog inputs (INPUT11_AD through INPUT16_AD)
•
Select the voltage range, which automatically sets the amount of attenuation
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
23
Inputs
The following diagram shows the configuration for Type 2 analog inputs:
Internal to
product
Application
sensor
Pull-up
value
Filter
+
-
Pull-down
value
249
ohm
Attenuation
Pull-up / pull-down options
Figure 7: Type 2 analog input configuration options
5.3.
VMM1615 DC-Coupled Frequency Inputs
There is one type of frequency input in the VMM1615:
•
DC-coupled frequency input
DC-coupled frequency inputs are typically used to read pulse signals.
The VMM1615 has one DC-coupled frequency input:
•
5.3.1.
INPUT8_DF
VMM1615 DC-Coupled Frequency Input Capabilities
DC-coupled frequency inputs allow you to read the frequency of external signals that
switch between system ground, and sensor or battery power. These inputs are ideal
for use with hall-effect type sensors.
The following table provides specifications for the VMM1615's DC-coupled
frequency inputs:
Table 9: DC-Coupled Frequency Input Specifications
Item
MIN
NOM
MAX
UNIT
Input voltage range
0
-
32
V
Pull-up/pull-down resistance
5.31k
5.36k
5.41k
Ω
Capacitance at pin
-
.005
Over-voltage
-
-
36
V
Frequency accuracy
-
-
5
%
Frequency range
1
-
10000 Hz
Negative going threshold
-
-
1.56
V
Positive going threshold
3.82
-
-
V
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
µF
24
Inputs
5.3.2.
DC-Coupled Frequency Input Configuration
The DC-coupled frequency inputs
•
Use a pull-up or pull-down resistor.
The following diagram shows the configuration for DC-coupled frequency inputs:
Internal to
product
Application
sensor
Pull-up
value
Filter
+
-
Pull-down
value
Pull-up / pull-down
options
Figure 8: DC-coupled frequency input configuration
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
25
Outputs
6.
Outputs
The VMM1615 has 12 solid-state outputs. Output currents can range from 1.0 up to
10.0 Amps.
The VMM1615 has 4 types of outputs:
i
•
High-side outputs
•
High-side outputs with current sense
•
Low-side outputs
•
Solid state relay outputs
INFORMATION
A high-side and a low-side output can be coupled in the external harness to create a
half-bridge.
6.1.
High-Side Outputs
The controller has a total of 12 high-side outputs.
High-side outputs are used for switching voltage to loads using either a pulse width
modulated (PWM) signal, or an on/off signal. They can also test for various fault
conditions, which can be used for software diagnostics (refer to High-Side Output
Diagnostics and Fault Detection see "High-Side Output Diagnostics and Fault
Protection" on page 32 for more details).
6 outputs are rated for 10 A:
•
OUTPUT1_10A_HS to OUTPUT6_10A_HS
2 of the outputs are rated for 5 A with current sensing:
•
OUTPUT7_5A_HS to OUTPUT8_5A_HS
2 of the outputs are rated for 5 A:
•
OUTPUT9_5A to OUTPUT10_5A
2 of the outputs are rated for 2.5 A with current sensing:
•
OUTPUT11_2A5_HS to OUTPUT12_2A5_HS
When a high-side output is PWM'd, , the output switches where the percentage of
time that the output is “on” vs. “off” is determined by the duty cycle of the signal.
When a high-side output is switched on and off, the output provides battery
voltage when in the "on" state and goes high impedance when in the “off” state.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
26
Outputs
6.1.1.
10A High-Side Output Capabilities
These outputs provide 10A maximum continuous current with a less accurate
current sensing function. The current sensing is used to detect over current and
provide short circuit protection.
The following table provides specifications for the VMM1615's 10A high-side
outputs:
Table 10: 10A High-Side Output Specifications
Item
6.1.1.1.
6.1.2.
MIN
NOM
MAX
UNIT
Switchable voltage range
6
-
32
V
Output current
0
-
10
A
Output on state resistance
-
9
-
mΩ
Over-voltage
-
-
36
V
PWM frequency
-
-
500
Hz
PWM resolution
-
-
0.1
%
Integrated flyback diode
-
No
-
-
Inductive pulse protection
-
-
628
V (peak)
Digital feedback negative going
threshold
-
-
2.58
V
Digital feedback positive going threshold 2.75
-
-
V
Open load detection resistance
3.29
3.32
3.35
kΩ
Current Sense accuracy @ 10A
-
-
30
%
Fixed Output Protection
The outputs have the following fixed protection mechanisms:
•
Software fuse – Simulates a mechanical fuse and will trip between 200ms and
1000ms for currents above 10A. Because of this it is important that load inrush
events be kept less than 200ms. For loads with inrush duration greater than
200ms, see Appendix A to verify if the load can be reliably driven by the output.
•
Short circuit – The output is protected from short circuits.
•
Over temperature – The output will turn off in the event of an IC over
temperature.
5A High-Side Output with Current Sense Capabilities
These outputs provide 5A maximum continuous current with accurate current
sensing. The current sensing provides accurate readings to detect single load
disconnect on parallel driven load applications.
The following table provides specifications for the VMM1615's 5A high-side outputs:
Table 11: 5A High-Side Output with Current Sense Specifications
Item
MIN
NOM
MAX
UNIT
Switchable voltage range
6
-
32
V
Output current
0
-
5
A
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
27
Outputs
Item
6.1.2.1.
6.1.3.
MIN
NOM
MAX
UNIT
Output on state resistance
-
20
-
mΩ
Over-voltage
-
-
36
V
PWM frequency
-
-
500
Hz
PWM resolution
-
-
0.1
%
Integrated flyback diode
-
No
-
-
Inductive pulse protection
-
-
628
V (peak)
Digital feedback negative going
threshold
-
-
2.69
V
Digital feedback positive going threshold 2.86
-
-
V
Open load detection resistance
9.9k
10k
10.1k
Ω
Current Sense resistance
24.75
25
25.25
mΩ
Current Sense gain
-
275
-
mV/A
Current Sense resolution
-
-
4.4
mA
Current Sense accuracy - Full Scale (5A) -
3
-
%
Fixed Output Protection
The outputs have the following fixed protection mechanisms:
•
Hardware overcurrent protection – The output will trip immediately when
subjected to currents above 32A +/- 30%.
•
Software fuse – Simulates a mechanical fuse and will trip between 200ms and
1000ms for currents above 5A. Because of this it is important that load inrush
events be kept less than 200ms. For loads with inrush duration greater than
200ms, see Appendix A to verify if the load can be reliably driven by the output.
•
Short circuit – The output is protected from short circuits.
•
Over temperature – The output will turn off in the event of an IC over
temperature.
5A High Side Output Capabilities
These outputs provide 5A maximum continuous current with a less accurate current
sensing function. The current sensing is used to detect over current and provide
short circuit protection.
The following table provides specifications for the VMM1615's 5A high-side outputs:
Table 12: 5A High-Side Output Specifications
Item
MIN
NOM
MAX
UNIT
Switchable voltage range
6
-
32
V
Output current
0
-
5
A
Output on state resistance
-
20
-
mΩ
Over-voltage
-
-
36
V
PWM frequency
-
-
500
Hz
PWM resolution
-
0.1
-
%
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
28
Outputs
Item
6.1.3.1.
6.1.4.
MIN
NOM
MAX
UNIT
Integrated flyback diode
-
No
-
-
Inductive pulse protection
-
-
628
V (peak)
Digital feedback negative going
threshold
-
-
2.69
V
Digital feedback positive going threshold 2.86
-
-
V
Open load detection resistance
9.9
10
10.1
kΩ
Current Sense gain
-
111
-
mV/A
Current Sense resolution
-
-
11.0
mA
Current Sense accuracy @ 5A
-
-
25
%
Fixed Output Protection
The outputs have the following fixed protection mechanisms:
•
Hardware overcurrent protection – The output will trip immediately when
subjected to currents above 32A +/- 30%.
•
Software fuse – Simulates a mechanical fuse and will trip between 200ms and
1000ms for currents above 5A. Because of this it is important that load inrush
events be kept less than 200ms. For loads with inrush duration greater than
200ms, see Appendix A to verify if the load can be reliably driven by the output.
•
Short circuit – The output is protected from short circuits.
•
Over temperature – The output will turn off in the event of an IC over
temperature.
2.5A High-Side Output with Current Sense Capabilities
These outputs provide 2.5A maximum continuous current with accurate current
sensing. The current sensing provides accurate readings to detect single load
disconnect on parallel driven load applications. The current sensing can also be
used for regulating current control of hydraulic coils.
The following table provides specifications for the VMM1615's 2.5A high-side
outputs:
Table 13: 2.5A High-Side Output with Current Sense Specifications
Item
MIN
NOM
MAX
UNIT
Switchable voltage range
6
-
32
V
Output current
0
-
2.5
A
Output on state resistance
-
45
-
mΩ
Over-voltage
-
-
36
V
PWM frequency
-
-
500
Hz
PWM resolution
-
-
0.1
%
Integrated flyback diode
-
Yes
-
-
Inductive pulse protection
-
-
628
V (peak)
Digital feedback negative going
threshold
-
-
2.63
V
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
29
Outputs
Item
6.1.4.1.
6.1.5.
MIN
NOM
MAX
UNIT
Digital feedback positive going threshold 2.80
-
-
V
Open load detection resistance
9.9k
10k
10.1k
Ω
Current Sense resistance
24.75
25
25.25
mΩ
Current Sense gain
-
503
-
mV/A
Current Sense resolution
-
-
2.4
mA
Current Sense accuracy - Full Scale
(2.5A)
-
3
-
%
Fixed Output Protection
The outputs have the following fixed protection mechanisms:
•
Software fuse – Simulates a mechanical fuse and will trip between 200ms and
1000ms for currents above 2.5A. Because of this it is important that load inrush
events be kept less than 200ms. For loads with inrush duration greater than
200ms, see Appendix A to verify if the load can be reliably driven by the output.
•
Short circuit – The output is protected from short circuits.
•
Over temperature – The output will turn off in the event of an IC over
temperature.
High-Side Output Configuration
The high-side outputs ( to ) .
•
For software-controlled open load detection, the programmer has the ability to
choose when to bias the output through the open load detection resistor. This
feature may be disabled if the output is connected to sensitive loads, such as
LEDs.
The following diagram shows the configuration for high-side outputs:
Internal to product
High-Side Driver
Battery voltage
Strobed Open
Load Detect
Application
Load
Figure 9: High side output configuration
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
30
Outputs
6.1.6.
High Side Output Connections
You must be aware of the following when connecting high-side outputs:
•
High-side outputs are connected to one of two internal bus bars, which can be
connected to a +12 V or +24 V battery. Each busbar powers 3x 10A, 2x 5A and 1x
2.5A outputs. Maximum load on each busbar is 40A.
•
High-side outputs can provide switched battery power to a variety of load types
in a vehicle.
•
2.5 A high-side outputs have internal flyback diodes, which are needed when
driving inductive loads (the flyback diodes absorb electrical energy when the
load is turned off).
NOTICE
If large inductive loads are used, and the high-side output is providing a continuous
PWM signal, then the PWM peak current must not be greater than the specified
continuous current for the output (in continuous mode, the average current flow
through the diode at 50% duty cycle is approximately equal to ½ the peak current).
When connecting high-side outputs, ensure you follow these best practices:
•
High-side outputs should not be connected to loads that will draw currents
greater than the maximum peak current, or maximum continuous current.
•
The grounds for the loads should be connected physically close to the VMM1615
power grounds.
The following shows a typical high-side 10A or 5A output connection:
Internal to product
High-Side
Output
Application
Load
Figure 10: High-side output installation connections
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
31
Outputs
The following shows a typical high-side 2.5A output connection with integrated
flyback diode:
Internal to product
High-Side
Output
Application
Load
Figure 11: Typical high-side output installation connections
6.1.7.
High-Side Output Diagnostics and Fault Protection
Each high-side output has the ability to report many different fault conditions.
The types of faults that are reported are determined by the configuration of your
high-side outputs, and this configuration must be considered when writing the
application software.
6.1.7.1.
Short Circuit
Short-circuit faults occur when a high-side output pin is shorted to ground. The
output will turn off and retry as defined by the programmer.
6.1.7.2.
Software Overcurrent
Software overcurrent faults occur when the current through a high-side output pin
exceeds a threshold defined by the programmer for a period of 1 second.
6.1.7.3.
Back Driven Fault
Back driven faults occur when a high-side output pin is connected to battery voltage.
The high-side output circuit uses voltage on the output pin to determine if a shortto-battery condition exists.
i
INFORMATION
High-side outputs must be "off" to detect a back driven fault.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
32
Outputs
6.1.7.4.
Open Load
Open load faults occur when a high-side output pin is open circuit (not connected to
a load). The use of this feature operates is defined by the programmer.
The high-side output circuit uses a small amount of current on the output pin to
determine if an open load condition exists.
i
INFORMATION
High-side outputs with current sense can detect an open load fault when “on” or
“off”. High-side outputs without current sense must be "off" to detect an open load
fault.
6.2.
VMM1615 Low-Side Output with Current Sense
The low-side output with current sense is used for switching ground to load, using
either a pulse width modulated (PWM) signal, or an on/off signal. It also has the
ability to sense current that is provided to the load, through an amplifier circuit.
The VMM1615 has 1 low-side output:
•
OUTPUT13_2A5_LS
When a low-side output is used as a PWM signal, a pulsed output signal is provided
by the VMM1615, where the percentage of time that the output is “on” vs. “off” is
determined by the duty cycle of the signal, and the duty cycle is determined by the
application software.
i
INFORMATION
Current flow gets interrupted when using low-side outputs as a PWM signal, because
the outputs are not "on" continuously. Therefore, current feedback control systems
should use a high-side output for PWM signals, and a low-side output (turned on at
100%) for sensing current.
When low-side outputs are used as an on/off signal, the output provides ground
when in the “on” state (the application software is responsible for switching low-side
outputs "on" and "off").
When low-side outputs are used to sense current, the application software will
monitor the current flowing into the low-side output, and based on the amount of
current, will turn the output either "on" or "off".
6.2.1.
Low-Side Output with Current Sense Capabilities
This output provides 2.5A maximum continuous current with accurate current
sensing. The current sensing provides accurate readings to detect single load
disconnect on parallel driven load applications. The current sensing can also be
used for current control of hydraulic coils when used with a corresponding high-side
driver which performs the PWM function. These outputs can be used to provide a
fast PWM signal to functions requiring accurate higher speed PWM signal control.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
33
Outputs
The following table provides specifications for the VMM1615's low-side output:
Table 14: Low-Side Output Specifications
Item
6.2.1.1.
6.2.2.
MIN
NOM
MAX
UNIT
Switchable voltage range
6
-
32
V
Output current
0
-
2.5
A
Output on state resistance
-
82
-
mΩ
Over-voltage
-
-
36
Short Circuit Protection
-
13
-
A
PWM frequency
-
-
1500
Hz
PWM resolution
-
0.1
-
%
Inductive pulse protection
-
-
628
V (peak)
Current Sense resistance
99
100
101
mΩ
Current Sense gain
-
1
-
V/A
Current Sense resolution/bit
-
-
1.2
mA
Current sense accuracy - Full Scale
(2.5A)
-
3
-
%
Fixed Output Protection
The outputs have the following fixed protection mechanisms:
•
Hardware overcurrent protection – The output will trip immediately when
subjected to currents above 13.8A.
•
Software fuse – Simulates a mechanical fuse and will trip between 200ms and
1000ms for currents above 2.5A. Because of this it is important that load inrush
events be kept less than 200ms. For loads with inrush duration greater than
200ms, see Appendix A to verify if the load can be reliably driven by the output.
•
Short circuit – The output is protected from short circuits.
Low-Side Output with Current Sense Configuration
The low-side output with current sense is configured as follows:
•
The resistor used for sensing current maximizes the accuracy of the current
measurement.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
34
Outputs
The following diagram shows the configuration options for low-side outputs:
Figure 12: Low-side output with current sense configuration
6.2.3.
Low-Side Output with Current Sense Installation Connection
You must be aware of the following when connecting a low-side output:
•
Low-side outputs are connected to a common internal ground point that is
connected to the battery ground (GROUND). Refer to Logic and Output Power for
more details about the battery ground.
•
Low-side outputs provide switched ground to any load type in a vehicle.
•
Low-side outputs can sink up to 2.5 A.
•
When connecting a load to a low-side output, ensure the load will not drive
currents greater than the maximum specified peak current, or maximum
specified continuous current.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
35
Outputs
The following shows a typical low-side output connection:
Internal to product
Low-Side
Output
Application
Load
Battery
Figure 13: Low-side outputs with current sense installation connections
6.2.4.
Low-Side Outputs with Current Sense Diagnostics
The VMM1615's low-side outputs have the ability to report many different fault
conditions, and are protected against short-circuit and over-current, open load, and
short-to-ground faults.
6.2.4.1.
Short-Circuit
Short circuit faults occur when a low-side output pin is shorted to battery. The
output will turn off and retry as defined by the programmer.
6.2.4.2.
Software Overcurrent
Software overcurrent faults occur when the current through a low-side output pin
exceeds a threshold defined by the programmer for a period of 1 second.
6.2.4.3.
Open Load
Open load faults occur when a low-side output pin is open circuit (not connected to
a load). The use of this feature operates is defined by the programmer.
The low-side output circuit uses a small amount of current on the output pin to
determine if an open load condition exists.
i
INFORMATION
Low-side outputs must be “on” to detect an open-load fault.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
36
Outputs
6.3.
Solid State Relays
The solid state relays are used for switching currents in either direction as an on/off
signal. There are two contacts associated with each of this type of output, which act
like the two contacts of a normally open mechanical relay.
WARNING
This circuit is not electrically isolated like a mechanical relay. For proper operation
the voltage levels being switched must be between ground and the voltage applied to
the Logic Power pin.
The VMM1615 has 2 solid state relays:
•
OUTPUT14_SSR_A and OUTPUT15_SSR_B
When solid state relays are used as an on/off signal, the output provides a low
impedance path between the “A” and “B” terminals in the “on” state (the application
software is responsible for switching solid state relays "on" and "off").
6.3.1.
Solid State Relay Capabilities
These outputs support 1.0A maximum continuous current between their terminals.
The following table provides specifications for the VMM1615's solid state relay:
Table 15: Solid State Relay Specifications
Item
6.3.1.1.
NOM
MAX
UNIT
Switchable voltage range
0
-
VLOGIC
V
Output current
0
-
1
A
Output on state resistance
-
164
-
mΩ
Over-voltage
-
-
VLOGIC
V
PWM frequency
-
-
0
Hz
Inductive pulse protection
-
-
628
V (peak)
Short Circuit Protection
-
4
-
A
Short Circuit Trip time
-
-
1
ms
Fixed Output Protection
The outputs have the following fixed protection mechanisms:
•
6.3.2.
MIN
Hardware overcurrent protection – The output will trip immediately when
subjected to currents above 13.8A.
Solid State Relay Installation Connections
You must be aware of the following when connecting solid state relays:
•
The solid state relay provides a low impedance path between the “A” and “B”
terminal.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
37
Outputs
•
This circuit is not electrically isolated like a mechanical relay. For proper
operation the voltage levels being switched must be between ground and the
voltage applied to the Logic Power pin.
•
Solid state relays can support up to 1.0 A.
•
When connecting a load to a solid state relay, ensure the load will not drive
currents greater than the maximum specified peak current, or maximum
specified continuous current.
The following shows typical solid state relay connections:
Internal to product
A
Solid State
Relay
B
Application
Load
Figure 14: Solid State Relay switching high
Internal to product
Application
Load
A
Solid State
Relay
B
Figure 15: Solid State Relay switching low
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
38
Outputs
6.3.3.
Solid State Relay Diagnostics
Each solid state relay has the ability to report one type of fault condition.
6.3.3.1.
Short Circuit
Short circuit faults occur when a solid state relay senses a short from battery to
ground across its terminals. The output will turn off and retry as defined by the
programmer.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
39
Power
7.
Power
The VMM1615 is powered by the vehicle battery. The VMM1615 operates in a 12 V or
24 V system, and can operate from 6 V up to 32 V, with overvoltage protection at 36 V
protection.
The VMM1615 has various pins on the connectors that are used for different types of
power, as detailed in the following sections.
7.1.
Logic Power
The VMM1615 has 1 pin dedicated to providing power for logic circuitry, called
VBATT_LOGIC. and 2 pins dedicated to grounding the VMM1615, called GROUND.
7.1.1.
Logic Power Capabilities
Logic power provides power to the logic circuit, which consists of the
microprocessor, RAM, etc. The logic circuit can draw a maximum of 350 mA.
The following table provides specifications for the VMM1615 logic power:
Table 16: Logic Power Specifications
Item
7.1.2.
MIN
NOM
MAX
UNIT
Input voltage range
6
-
32
Over-voltage
-
-
36
Current draw in on state
70 @
32VDC
180 @ 14VDC 350 @
6VDC
mA
Current draw in off state
-
0.3
mA
Inline fuse required on logic power pin
2
Number of logic power pins
1
Number of ground pins
2
1
V
A
Logic Power Installation Connections
When connecting the VMM1615 logic power, you should be aware of the following:
•
Logic power connections are made using the VBATT_LOGIC and GROUND pins.
•
The VMM1615 is protected against reverse battery connections by an internal
high-current conduction path that goes from ground to power. To protect the
VMM1615 from damage in a reverse battery condition, place a fuse of 2 A or less
in series with the power wires in the application harness.
Reverse battery protection is only guaranteed when using standard automotive
fuses.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
40
Power
•
i
All power connections to the VMM1615 should be fused to protect the vehicle
harness.
INFORMATION
The system designer is responsible for selecting the appropriate fuses. Select fuse
sizes by multiplying the maximum continuous current during normal operation by
1.333 (75% de-rating factor). Do not use slow blow fuses for this application.
7.2.
Busbar Power
There are two main power connections for the high current bus bar battery power
inputs (VBATT_BUSBAR1 and VBATT_BUSBAR2). The busbar inputs are separated into
two connectors (J5 and J6).
7.2.1.
Output Power Capabilities
Busbar power provides power to the output circuits through a battery or ground
connection. Each busbar circuit can draw a maximum of 40 A.
The following table provides specifications for the VMM1615 busbar power:
Table 17: Busbar Power Specifications
Item
NOM
MAX
UNIT
Number of busbars
-
2
-
Busbar voltage range
6
-
32
V
Over voltage
-
-
36
V
Busbar current
-
-
40
A (per busbar)
Inline fuse required on power pins
7.3.
MIN
50
A
Sensor Power
The VMM1615 has one pin dedicated to providing power to external sensors called
SENSOR_SUPPLY.
WARNING
Do not drive more than mA of current through the SENSOR_SUPPLY pin. If you do,
the pin will protect itself by dropping the voltage, which will result in a lack of power
to your sensors, potentially causing unknown vehicle responses.
7.3.1.
Sensor Power Capabilities
SENSOR_SUPPLY is a 5 V or 8 V linear power supply that is capable of continuously
providing 300 mA to external sensors.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
41
Power
i
INFORMATION
The voltage provided to the VMM1615 must be 7 V or greater to ensure the
SENSOR_SUPPLY can provide 5 V. The voltage provided to the product must be 10.5 V
or greater to ensure the sensor supply can provide 8 V.
The following table provides specifications for the VMM1615's sensor power output:
Table 18: Sensor Power Specifications
Item
7.3.1.1.
MIN
NOM
MAX
UNIT
Input voltage range (5 V output)
7
-
32
Input voltage range (8 V output)
10.5
-
32
V
Over-voltage
-
-
36
V
Output voltage range (5 V)
4.74
5.02
5.30
V
Output voltage range (8 V)
7.63
8.09
8.56
V
Output voltage accuracy
-
-
6
%
Output current
0
-
300
mA
Sensor Power Fault Responses
SENSOR_SUPPLY is designed to survive short-to-battery, short-to-ground, and overcurrent events. If these events occur, the circuit will recover as described in the
following table:
Table 19: Sensor Power Fault Recovery
Event
7.3.2.
Recovery
Short-to-battery
(sensor voltage = battery voltage)
Sensor voltage recovers when the
short is removed.
Short-to-ground
(sensor voltage = ground)
Sensor voltage recovers when the
short is removed.
Over-current
(sensor voltage = ground)
Sensor voltage recovers when the
over-current condition is removed.
Sensor Power Installation Connections
For information on how to connect sensors, refer to Application Examples.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
42
Communication
8.
Communication
The VMM1615 uses the Controller Area Network (CAN) communication when
communicating with other modules on the vehicle, or with a personal computer:
8.1.
Controller Area Network (CAN)
The VMM1615 hardware provides CAN communication according to the SAE J1939
specification, making the VMM1615 compatible with any CAN-based protocol
through software.
CAN communication is used to communicate the status of multiple modules that are
connected together in the same network.
8.1.1.
VMM1615 CAN Capabilities
The CAN communicates information at a rate of 250 kbps. Input and output
information is communicated through the CAN at a sample rate of 40 Hz. Lack of
regular CAN communication is an indication that there is either a problem with a
module in the network, or a problem with the CAN bus.
These CAN ports offer CAN 2.0B compatible hardware with a Wake on CAN function
on CAN1, which is a way to provide power control to the VMM1615.
Wake on CAN allows the VMM1615 to come out of 'sleep mode' when any CAN
activity is received by the module. If the CAN activity is not continuous, the
VMM1615 will return to 'sleep mode'.
i
INFORMATION
It is not possible to filter messages that are used to turn on the VMM1615 using Wake
on CAN, and therefore, any message will turn on the VMM1615. The application
software must be written to determine how the VMM1615 will behave when it is
turned on.
The following table provides specifications for the CAN:
Table 20: CAN Specifications
Item
MIN
NOM
MAX
Baud rate
-
250
-
J1939 compliant
-
Yes
-
Wake on CAN option
-
Yes
-
Termination resistor
-
No
-
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
UNIT
kbps
CAN1
43
Communication
8.1.2.
J1939 CAN Configuration
There are two features associated to CAN communication that are configured:
i
•
Wake on CAN - the VMM1615 will turn on when a CAN message is received.
•
Internal CAN Termination Resistor - the VMM1615 does not have a 120 Ω CAN
termination resistor embedded inside the module, which is required to use CAN
communication. You are required to design it into the vehicle harness.
INFORMATION
Putting CAN termination resistors in the module would violate the J1939
specification, which states that the resistor should be designed into the harness.
8.1.3.
J1939 CAN Installation Connections
The CAN connection for the VMM1615 should conform to the J1939 standard.
For a list of J1939 connection considerations, refer to the SAE J1939 specifications
available through the Society for Automotive Engineers. SAE J1939-11 covers the
physical aspects of the CAN bus including cable type, connector type, and cable
lengths.
i
INFORMATION
The VMM1615 does not have a CAN termination resistor, which is based on the
assumption that the CAN bus is terminated in the harness.
The following lists the elements that are required for a J1939 CAN connection:
•
CAN Cable: A shielded twisted-pair cable should be used when connecting
multiple modules to the CAN bus. The cable for the J1939 CAN bus has three
wires: CAN High, CAN Low, and CAN Shield (which connect to the
corresponding CAN_HIGH, CAN_LOW, and CAN_SHIELD pins on the connector).
The CAN cable must have an impedance of 120 Ω.
ο
The CAN cable is very susceptible to system noise; therefore, CAN Shield
must be connected according to the following:
a. Connect CAN Shield to the point of least electrical noise on the CAN bus.
b. Connect CAN Shield as close to the centre of the CAN bus as possible.
c. Use the lowest impedance connection possible.
NOTICE
Ground loops can damage electronic modules. The CAN Shield can only be
grounded to one point on the network. If grounded to multiple points, a ground loop
may occur.
•
CAN Connectors: Industry-approved CAN connectors are manufactured by ITT
Canon and Deutsch, and come in either “T” or “Y” configurations.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
44
Communication
•
CAN Harness: The CAN harness is the “main backbone” cable that is used to
connect the CAN network. This cable cannot be longer than 40 metres, and must
have a 120 Ω terminator resistor at each end. The 120 Ω terminator resistors
eliminate bus reflections and ensure proper idle state voltage levels.
•
CAN Stubs: The CAN stubs cannot be longer than 1 m, and each stub should
vary in length to eliminate bus reflections and ensure proper idle state voltage
levels.
•
Max Number of Modules in a System: The CAN bus can handle a maximum of
30 modules in a system at one time.
The following shows a typical CAN connection using the SAE J1939 standard:
T connectors
120 ohm
Terminator
120 ohm
Terminator
Variable length
Node
Node
Variable length
Node
Node
Node
Figure 16: J1939 CAN connection
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
45
VMM1615 Diagnostic LED's
9.
VMM1615 Diagnostic LED's
There are 40 available diagnostic LEDs on this module. The LEDs are used to
provide diagnostic information for input states, output states, CAN bus activity and
module power.
9.1.
Power LED
The power LED has 3 states, “on”, “off” and “flashing”.
•
Off = Sleep Mode
•
On Solid = Module Operating Normally
•
Flashing = Programming Mode (1Hz)
ο
9.2.
= System Fault (not 1Hz)
Standby LED
The standby LED has 2 states, “on” or “off”. There are 2 conditions that will turn
“on” the standby LED.
First, when there is any activity on CAN 1 Network but no power control flags are
active. Second, when all power control inputs and power control flags have been
removed.
If any power control inputs or power control flags are active for the corresponding
unit, then the standby LED will be “off”
9.3.
NET1 and NET2 LEDs
If the NET1 or NET2 LED is “flickering”, “flashing” or “on solid”, then there is activity
on that CAN Bus.
If the NET1 or NET2 LED is “off”, then there is no activity on that CAN Bus.
9.4.
Address LEDs
An address LED has 2 states, “on” or “off”. If the address pin is active then the
corresponding LED for that input will be “on”. If the address pin is inactive then that
LED will be “off”.
i
INFORMATION
Address LEDs do not provide any error/fault detection.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
46
VMM1615 Diagnostic LED's
9.5.
Inputs LEDs
An input LED has 2 states, “on” or “off”. If the input pin is active then the
corresponding LED for that input will be “on”. If the input pin is inactive then that
LED will be “off”.
i
INFORMATION
Input LEDs do not provide any error/fault detection.
9.6.
Output LEDs
An output LED has 3 states, “on”, “off” or “flashing”. Through software if the output
condition is true, then the corresponding LED will be “on”. If the condition through
software is false then that LED will be “off”. The output LEDs also provide error/fault
status. If an output LED is “flashing” that means there is an fault on that output.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
47
VMM1615 Connectors
10.
VMM1615 Connectors
The VMM1615 has four 12-pin Deutsch DT connectors, as follows:
•
Brown (J1): DT15-12PD
•
Grey (J2): DT15-12PA
•
Green (J3): DT15-12PC
•
Black (J4): DT15-12PB
The connectors have pins that connect to inputs, outputs, and communication
channels used by the VMM1615. They also have keying that prevents you from
incorrectly mating the connectors to the vehicle harness.
The vehicle harness should be designed to interface with all connectors.
NOTICE
To prevent miss keying, it is recommend to use the enhanced keying version of
mating connectors (harness side).
The following are pictures of the required mating connectors:
Figure 17: Connector J1
Figure 18: Connector J2
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
48
VMM1615 Connectors
Figure 19: Connector J3
Figure 20: Connector J4
i
INFORMATION
The maximum wire gauge usable in the VMM1615 DT06 connectors is 16 AWG with
GXL insulation.
The VMM1615 also has two 1-pin Deutsch DTHD connectors for busbar power
(power for High-side outputs), as follows:
•
Black (J5): DTHD04-1-8P
•
Black (J6): DTHD04-1-8P
The following is a picture of the required connectors:
Figure 21: Connector J5 and J6
i
INFORMATION
The maximum wire gauge usable in the VMM1615 DTHD connectors is 8 AWG with
GXL insulation.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
49
VMM1615 Connectors
The following table shows the part numbers for the mating connectors and terminals
that are used in the vehicle harness:
Table 21: Mating Connector Part Numbers
Connector
Shell part no.
Brown (J1) connector DT06-12SDP012
Grey (J2) connector
Terminal part no.
W12S or W12SP012
16-20AWG, Gold:
1062-16-144
DT06-12SA-P012 W12S or W12SP012
16-20AWG, Gold:
1062-16-144
Green (J3) connector DT06-12SCP012
10.1.
Wedge part no.
W12S or W12SP012
16-20AWG, Gold:
1062-16-144
Black (J4) connector
DT06-12SB-P012 W12S or W12SP012
16-20AWG, Gold:
1062-16-144
Black (J5) connector
DTHD06-1-8S
-
8-10AWG:
0462-203-08141
Black (J6) connector
DTHD06-1-8S
-
8-10AWG:
0462-203-08141
VMM1615 Connector Pin-outs
Connector pins connect to inputs, outputs, and communication channels. They
provide the interface between the vehicle harness and the internal circuitry of the
VMM1615.
The following tables show the pin-outs for each connector:
Table 22: Brown (J1) Connector Pin-out
Connector
pin
Name
Function
1
OUTPUT1_10A_HS
10A High-side output
2
GND
System ground input
3
VBATT_LOGIC
Logic power
4
INPUT15_AD
Analog or Digital input
5
INPUT7_D
Digital input
6
INPUT8_DF
Digital or Frequency input
7
OUTPUT14_SSR_A
Solid state relay pin A
8
CAN2_HI
CAN 2 High
9
CAN2_LO
CAN 2 Low
10
CAN1_HI
CAN 1 High
11
CAN1_LO
CAN 1 Low
12
CAN1_SHLD
CAN 1 shield
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
50
VMM1615 Connectors
Table 23: Grey (J2) Connector Pin-out
Connector
pin
Name
Function
1
INPUT4_D
Digital input
2
INPUT9_AD
Analog or Digital input
3
INPUT10_AD
Analog or Digital input
4
INPUT11_AD
Analog or Digital input
5
INPUT12_AD
Analog or Digital input
6
GND
Ground
7
OUTPUT14_SSR_B
Solid state relay pin B
8
OUTPUT13_2A5_LS
2.5A Low-side output
9
OUTPUT15_SSR_B
Solid state relay pin B
10
OUTPUT15_SSR_A
Solid state relay pin A
11
SENSOR_SUPPLY
+5V or +8V sensor power
12
OUTPUT2_10A_HS
10A High-side output
Table 24: Green (J3) Connector Pin-out
Connector
pin
Name
Function
1
OUTPUT7_5A_HS
5A High-side output with current sense
2
OUTPUT5_10A_HS
10A High-side output
3
INPUT1_D
Digital input, power control, active high
4
ADDR_5
Address input
5
OUTPUT9_5A_HS
5A High-side output
6
OUTPUT3_10A_HS
10A High-side output
7
INPUT2_D
Digital input
8
INPUT13_AD
Analog or Digital input
9
INPUT14_AD
Analog or Digital input
10
INPUT5_D
Digital input
11
INPUT6_D
Digital input
12
OUTPUT11_2A5_HS
2.5A High-side output with current sense
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
51
VMM1615 Connectors
Table 25: Black (J4) Connector Pin-out
Connector
pin
Name
Function
1
OUTPUT12_2A5_HS
2.5A High-side output with current sense
2
GND
System ground input
3
ADDR1
Address input
4
ADDR2
Address input
5
ADDR3
Address input
6
ADDR4
Address input
7
OUTPUT4_10A_HS
10A High-side output
8
OUTPUT10_5A_HS
5A High-side output
9
INPUT16_AD
Analog or Digital input
10
INPUT3_D
Digital input
11
OUTPUT6_10A_HS
10A High-side output
12
OUTPUT8_5A_HS
5A High-side output with current sense
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
52
Installing a VMM1615 into a Vehicle
11.
Installing a VMM1615 into a Vehicle
Because every system is different, it is difficult for us to provide specific instructions
on how to install a VMM1615 into a vehicle. Instead, we have provided mechanical,
environmental, and electrical guidelines and requirements that you should be
aware of before installing the product.
i
INFORMATION
The vehicle manufacturer is responsible for creating procedures for mounting the
VMM1615 in a vehicle during production assembly.
11.1.
Mechanical Guidelines
Ensure you review the following mechanical guideline sections before installing the
VMM1615 into a vehicle.
11.1.1.
VMM1615 Dimensions
The following diagram shows the dimensions of the VMM1615:
247.0 [9.72”]
225.0 [8.86”]
140.0 [5.51”]
162.0 [6.38”]
45.5 [1.79”]
Figure 22: VMM1615 dimensions
11.1.2.
Selecting a Mounting Location
The VMM1615 can be installed in the vehicle's cab, or on the chassis. If used for a
marine application, ensure it is protected from excessive salt spray.
Before mounting the VMM1615, ensure you review the following environmental and
mechanical requirements.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
53
Installing a VMM1615 into a Vehicle
NOTICE
Do not install the VMM1615 close to any significant heat sources, such as a turbo,
exhaust manifold, etc. Also avoid installing the VMM1615 near any drive-train
component, such as a transmission or engine block.
11.1.2.1.
Environmental Requirements
NOTICE
The VMM1615 warranty does not cover damage to the product when exposed to
environmental conditions that exceed the design limitations of the product.
Review the following environmental specifications before selecting a mounting
location for the VMM1615:
•
The VMM1615 must be in an environment that is within its ambient temperature
range.
ο
•
Safe operating temperature range for a VMM is –40°C to +85°C.
The VMM1615 must be in an environment that does not exceed its particle
ingress rating.
ο
The sealing standard for the VMM1615 is EP455 level 1 (IPX6).
NOTICE
The VMM1615 has not been tested for water ingress according to the EP455 level 1
standard.
•
The VMM is protected from aggressive pressure wash up to 1000 psi @ 1 m
(3.28 ft.)
NOTICE
Exercise caution when pressure washing the VMM1615. The severity of a pressure
wash can exceed the VMM1615 pressure wash specifications related to water
pressure, water flow, nozzle characteristics, and distance. Under certain conditions a
pressure wash jet can cut wires.
11.1.2.2.
Mechanical Requirements
Review the following mechanical requirements before selecting a mounting location
for the VMM1615:
•
The VMM1615 should be mounted vertically so moisture will drain away from
it.
•
The wire harness should have drip loops incorporated into the design to divert
water away from the VMM1615.
•
The harness should be shielded from harsh impact.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
54
Installing a VMM1615 into a Vehicle
11.1.3.
•
The harness should connect easily to the connector and have adequate bend
radius.
•
The labels and LEDs should be easy to read.
•
The VMM1615 should be in a location that is easily accessible for service.
Mounting the VMM1615 to a Vehicle
It is up to the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) to ensure the product is
securely mounted to the vehicle.
The following guidelines are related to physically attaching the VMM1615 to a
vehicle:
11.1.3.1.
•
The VMM1615 should be secured with bolts in all four bolt holes using 1/4"-20
Hex Head or equivalent metric size () bolts.
•
The bolts should be tightened according to the fastener manufacturer's
tightening torque specifications..
Recommended Mounting Orientation
The VMM1615 should be mounted vertically so moisture drains away from it, as
shown in the following:
Figure 23: Recommended orientations
11.2.
Electrical Guidelines
The following sections provide electrical guidelines to install the VMM1615 in a
vehicle.
11.2.1.
Designing the Vehicle Harness
The vehicle manufacturer is responsible for designing a vehicle harness that mates
with the VMM1615 connector(s).
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
55
Installing a VMM1615 into a Vehicle
The vehicle harness design depends on the following:
•
How the VMM1615's inputs, outputs, communication, and power pins are
configured.
•
Other components on the vehicle and their physical locations.
•
The routing of the harness.
For guidelines and recommendations on how to connect the different elements of
the VMM1615, refer to the Installation Connections sections found within each
input, output, communication, and power section in this manual.
11.2.2.
Connecting the Vehicle Harness to the VMM1615
Once the vehicle harness is designed, it can be connected to the VMM1615 simply by
clicking the mating connector into the connector port on the VMM1615.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
56
Application Examples
12.
Application Examples
The purpose of this section is to provide examples of how the VMM1615 can be used
for different purposes.
The following examples are covered in this section:
i
•
Implementing safety interlocks
•
Controlling indicator lights
•
Controlling a proportional valve
•
Controlling motor speed
•
Using one analog input as two digital inputs
•
Connecting sensors
INFORMATION
These examples are for illustrative purposes only.
12.1.
Implementing Safety Interlocks
Safety is paramount when creating controls for a vehicle.
One safety feature that can be implemented with the VMM1615 is to ensure the
vehicle doesn't move when it is not being used, and no one is sitting in the operator's
seat.
To prevent the vehicle from moving when no one is sitting in the operator seat:
1. Place a seat switch interlock on the operator seat and connect the switch to
a digital input.
2. Write ladder logic application code for the digital input so that it shuts down
critical vehicle functions when the switch is open (when no one is sitting in
the seat).
i
INFORMATION
The example above may cause unwanted shutdowns if the operator moves around
while controlling the vehicle. To prevent this, use software filtering that will prevent
the vehicle from shutting down unless the switch is open for more than a defined
period of time.
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
57
Application Examples
The following diagram shows a typical seat switch interlock connection:
Internal to product
Battery Voltage
Driver Present Switch
Digital Input
Figure 24: Seat switch interlock connection
12.2.
Controlling Indicator Lights
Multiple VMM1615 can be used together in a system to control a vehicle's indicator
lights.
The VMM1615s would communicate over CAN, and be connected according to the
following:
•
One VMM1615 could be wired to the rear indicator lights
•
One VMM1615 could be wired to the front indicator lights
•
One VMM1615 could be wired to the turn signal and hazard switches
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
58
Application Examples
The following shows how to connect three VMM1615s together in a system to
control indicator lights:
Rear VMM
Rear Right Signal Light
Rear Left Signal Light
Cabin VMM
VBAT
VBAT
3.3k
3.3k
Right Turn Signal Switch
Left Turn Signal Switch
CAN
VBAT
3.3k
Hazard Signal Switch
Front VMM
Front Right Signal Light
Front Left Signal Light
Figure 25: Indicator light connections
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
59
Application Examples
12.3.
i
Controlling a Proportional Valve
INFORMATION
The VMM1615 has Proportional Integral Differential (PID) capabilities that make it
possible to control devices like proportional valves through software. Refer to the
appropriate software manual, or contact your Parker Vansco Account
Representative for more details about software. This section only provides hardware
connection information.
The VMM1615 can be used to control a proportional hydraulic valve through a highside output with PWM capability, and a low-side output with current sense.
When making the connection, it is highly recommended to use the high-side and
low-side outputs in pairs to avoid potential problems.
•
The high-side output would drive power to the valve coil and adjust the duty
cycle of a PWM signal.
•
The low-side output would be used as a return path to ground for the valve coil,
and provides feedback on the amount of current flowing through the valve coil.
The application code should be written so that the PWM duty cycle for the output is
adjusted to achieve a target current through the valve coil.
•
If current feedback is lower than target, the PWM duty cycle should increase to
boost average current through the valve coil.
•
If the current feedback is higher than target, the PWM duty cycle should
decrease to reduce average current through the valve coil.
The following shows how to connect a high-side and low-side output to control a
proportional hydraulic valve:
Internal to product
High-Side Output
(PWM)
Valve
Coil
Low-Side Output
with current sense
Figure 26: Connection for controlling a proportional valve
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
60
Application Examples
12.4.
i
Controlling Motor Speed
INFORMATION
The VMM1615 has Proportional Integral Differential (PID) capabilities that make it
possible to control devices like proportional valves through software. Refer to the
appropriate software manual, or contact your Parker Vansco Account
Representative for more details about software. This section only provides hardware
connection information.
The VMM1615 can be used to control the DC motor speed of motors that provide a
tachometer output.
To do this, you would use a high-side output with PWM capabilities to control the
speed of the motor, and a DC-coupled frequency input to monitor the output from
the motor.
The application code should be written so that the PWM duty cycle for the high-side
output is adjusted to achieve a target speed (frequency) for the motor.
•
If the frequency feedback is lower than target, the PWM duty cycle should
increase to boost the average current through the motor to speed it up.
•
If the frequency feedback is higher than target, the PWM duty cycle should
decrease to reduce average current through the motor to slow it down.
The following shows how to connect the VMM1615 to control the speed of a motor:
Internal to product
High-Side Output
(PWM)
Motor
Battery Voltage
Frequency Input
Figure 27: Connection for controlling motor speed
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Application Examples
12.5.
VMM1615 Using one Analog Input as two Digital Inputs
The VMM1615 allows you to use one analog input as two digital inputs, which is
useful in reducing harness lead or if you are running out of digital inputs in your
system.
To do this, you would connect the analog input to a single pole, double throw
(SPDT) switch.
i
INFORMATION
You will need to write software that controls the switch according to the voltage
value readings provided by the analog input. Refer to the appropriate software
manual, or contact your Parker Vansco Account Representative for more
information on writing software.
When making the connection, ensure there is a voltage difference between the two
pins on the SPDT switch. This can be done by:
•
enabling the internal pull-up resistor and pull-down resistor on the analog input
(done through software);
•
The SPDT switch is then connected one side to Vbatt and the other to Gnd, with
the signal pin going to the analog input.
The following shows how to connect an analog input to a SPDT switch:
Figure 28: Using 1 analog input as 2 digital inputs
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Application Examples
12.6.
Connecting Common Sensors
There are many types of sensors that can be connected to the VMM1615, the most
common are as follows:
i
•
Open collector sensors
•
Switch sensors
•
Voltage sensors
•
Potentiometer (ratiometric) sensors
INFORMATION
To optimize the reading accuracy for sensors, dedicate one of the main ground pins
(called GROUND) as a low-current ground return for all sensors on the vehicle.
i
INFORMATION
When connecting sensors to the VMM1615, refer to the sensor manufacturer's
specifications to ensure the VMM1615 is configured correctly for the sensor.
12.6.1.
Open Collector
Open collector sensors are compatible with each type of input on the VMM1615.
Open collector sensors are typically used in applications that require digital or
frequency measurements. They work by pulling voltage down to ground or up to
power when activated, and are basically a switch that turns "on" and "off".
i
INFORMATION
Open collector sensors need a pull-up or pull-down resistor to bias the state of the
sensor when the sensor is not activated. Pull-up and pull-down resistors are internal
to the VMM1615.
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Application Examples
The following shows a typical open collector sensor connection:
Internal to product
Digital or frequency Input
Open
collector
Figure 29: Open collector sensor connection
12.6.2.
Connecting a switch to VMM1615
A switch is a type of sensor that uses mechanical contacts in one of two states: open
or closed. Sensor switches are used to turn sensors on and off, and can be wired
directly to digital inputs.
Active-high sensor switches may be used by the VMM1615. To use active-high
switches, the VMM1615 has an internal pull-down resistor for the digital input.
The following shows a typical sensor switch connection:
Internal to
product
Battery voltage
Application
switch
Digital input
Figure 30: Switch sensor active high connection
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Application Examples
12.6.3.
Voltage
Voltage type sensors work by driving an analog voltage signal to report the sensor's
measured value.
Voltage sensors are compatible with analog inputs, and are typically used in
applications that require variable voltage measurements.
i
INFORMATION
Ensure you configure the analog input voltage (gain and attenuation factors) so the
input's voltage is close to, but higher than, the maximum output voltage of the
sensor.
The following shows a typical voltage sensor connection:
Internal to product
Voltage
Sensor
Analog Input
Figure 31: Voltage sensor connection
12.6.4.
Potentiometer (Ratiometric)
Potentiometers and other ratiometric type sensors can be wired directly to analog
inputs.
Potentiometers are resistive devices that use a wiper arm to create a voltage divider.
Changes to resistive measurements happen as the wiper arm moves along a resistive
element.
When connecting potentiometer sensors, it is important to do the following:
•
Connect one end of the sensor to the SENSOR_SUPPLY pin, and the other end to a
GROUND pin on the VMM1615.
•
Connect the sensor signal to an analog input.
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Application Examples
The following shows a typical potentiometer sensor connection:
Internal to product
Sensor Voltage
Potentiometer
Analog Input
Sensor Ground
Figure 32: Potentiometer (ratiometric) sensor connection
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Startup
13.
Startup
13.1.
Start-up procedures
This chapter contains instructions for action to be taken in connection with the
initial start.
WARNING
Risk of injury!
If the control system is not fitted properly, the machine could move uncontrollably.
The machine's engine shall not be started before the control system is completely
fitted and its signals are verified.
13.1.1.
Starting the control system
Start the control system as follows:
•
Prior to start, all modules and cables are to be fitted correctly.
•
Check fuses, i.e. make sure that the supply voltage to the modules is equipped
with the correct fuse.
•
Make sure that connections for supply voltage and return lines are correct in the
cable's conductor joint.
•
Make sure the emergency stop works.
ο
The emergency stop should disconnect the supply voltage to all modules.
Module
Dump
Valve
Figure 33: Emergency stop
Alternatively, the emergency stop may also shut off the diesel engine or a dump
valve, and with that depressurize the hydraulic system.
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Startup
13.1.2.
Prepare for system start
WARNING
Make sure no one is in dangerous proximity to the vehicle to avoid
injuries when it starts.
Prepare for the initial system start as follows:
13.1.3.
•
The engine for the hydraulic system's pump shall be in off position.
•
Make sure that all connectors are properly connected.
•
Turn on the control system.
•
Make sure that voltage is being supplied to all modules.
•
Make sure the emergency stop is functioning properly.
Start the system
Start the system as follows:
•
Start the engine for the hydraulic system's pump, assuming that the above
mentioned inspections have been carried out and shown correct values.
•
Calibrate and adjust input and output signals, and check every output function
carefully.
•
In addition to these measures, the machine shall also meet the machine
directives for the country in question.
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Glossary of Terms
14.
Glossary of Terms
active-high
Input type that is considered "on" when it reads a battery voltage level and "off"
when it is floating or grounded.
active-low
Input type that is considered "on" when it reads a ground voltage level and "off"
when it is floating or connected to battery voltage.
aliasing
A situation can arise in digital systems where a sampled analog value produces a
measured signal with a frequency that is less than the actual analog signal. Aliasing
occurs when the analog signal being sampled has a frequency greater than half the
sample rate.
amplified
A circuit that applies a gain with a value greater than one (1) to a measured signal,
which is typically used with analog inputs.
analog input
An input that allows a voltage level to be read and converted to discrete digital values
within a microprocessor.
anti-alias filtering
Filters incorporated in hardware that ensure the analog value being read by the
module does not have a frequency component greater than half the sample rate.
application software
A level of software that makes a product (hardware) perform desired functions for
the end user.
attenuation
Decreasing the voltage level of an input signal to maximize the resolution of an
input.
CAN
Controller Area Network
CAN High
One of the wires used in the shielded twisted-pair cable, which provides the positive
signal that, when connected with CAN Low, provides a complete CAN differential
signal.
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Glossary of Terms
CAN Low
One of the wires used in the shielded twisted-pair cable, which provides the negative
signal that, when connected with CAN High, provides a complete CAN differential
signal.
CAN Shield
A shielding that wraps around the CAN High and CAN Low wires (twisted-pair),
completing the shielded twisted-pair cable.
CMOS
CMOS stands for Complimentary Metal-Oxide Semi-Conductor
Controller Area Network
A computer network protocol designed for the heavy equipment and automotive
environment that allows microcontrollers and other devices to communicate with
each other without using a host computer; also known as CAN.
controller I/O board
A development product that allows users to test products on a bench in a
development environment before installing the product on a vehicle.
controller module
Any module that has embedded software used for controlling input and output
functions.
current feedback
A circuit that allows software to measure the amount of current provided by the
outputs. This circuit is typically connected to an analog input that is connected to
the microprocessor. Note that current feedback is also known as current sense or
current sensing.
current feedback control
Varying the duty cycle of an output so the output provides a desired amount of
current to the load.
current sensing
When an analog input reads the amount of current flowing through an output driver
circuit.
Data Link Adaptor (DLA)
A development tool that connects the CAN bus to a personal computer (through a
USB or RS232 port), so that programming and diagnostics can be performed on the
product before installing it in a vehicle.
DC-coupled
A circuit used with signals that have minimal DC offset. The signal being read by this
circuit must fall within the detection threshold range specified for the input.
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Glossary of Terms
de-rating
To reduce the rated output current level to a value less than the specified rating. Derating is typically done so a product does not over-heat.
digital input
An input that is typically controlled by an external switch that makes the input either
active (on), or inactive (off).
driver (hardware)
An electronic device that switches power or ground to an external load. The driver is
a key component used in all output circuits.
driver (software)
A block of software that provides access to different hardware components.
FET
Field Effect Technology
Field Effect Transistor (FET)
An electronic device used either as a power switch, or amplifier in electronic
circuitry. FETs are typically used as drivers.
frequency input
An input that allows a frequency value to be read from an oscillating input signal.
gain
Increasing the voltage level of an input signal to maximize the resolution of an input.
ground shift
The difference in ground potential from one harness location to another, which is
typical in systems with large wire harnesses and high current loads.
half-bridge
When a high-side and low-side switch are used together to provide a load with both
a battery voltage and a ground.
H-bridge
A combination of two half-bridge circuits used together to form one circuit. Hbridges provide current flow in both directions on a load, allowing the direction of a
load to be reversed.
high-side output
An output that provides switched battery voltage to an external load.
hysteresis
Causes the activation and deactivation voltage levels on an input to overlap, which
ensures the input only changes state when there is a significant shift in voltage.
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Glossary of Terms
inductive load
A load that produces a magnetic field when energized. Inductors are electrical
components that store energy and are characterized by the following equation:
E stored
1
2
2 LI
load
Any component that draws current from the module, and is typically switched “on”
and “off” with outputs. Examples include bulbs, solenoids, motors, etc.
logic power
Power pins for the microprocessor and logic peripherals.
low-side output
An output that provides a switched ground voltage to an external load.
open load
A fault state that occurs when a load that should be connected to an output becomes
disconnected, which typically occurs because of a broken/worn wire in the wire
harness or a broken/worn connector pin.
over-current
A fault state that occurs when a load draws more current than specified for an
output, which results in the output shutting down to protect the circuitry of the
product.
over-voltage
When the voltage exceeds the normal operating voltage of the product, which results
in the VMM1615 shutting down to protect its circuitry.
power control input
A digital input that is used to turn on the product. When the input is active, the
product "turns on” and operates in normal mode, and when the input is inactive, the
product “powers down” and will not operate.
procurement drawing
A mechanical drawing showing the dimensions, pin-outs, and implemented
configuration options for a Parker Vansco product.
Proportional Integral Differential (PID)
This refers to the proportional-integral-differential closed-loop control algorithm.
pull-down
A resistor that connects an input to a ground reference so that an open circuit can be
recognized by the microprocessor, which is typically used on active-high digital
inputs or analog inputs.
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Glossary of Terms
pull-up
A resistor that connects an input to a voltage reference so that an open circuit can be
recognized by the microprocessor, which is typically used on active-low digital
inputs or analog inputs.
Pulse Width Modulation (PWM)
A type of square wave frequency signal where the ratio of “on” time vs. “off” time is
determined by the duty cycle of the signal. The duty cycle refers to the percent of
time the square wave is “on” vs. “off”. PWM signals are typically used to drive varying
amounts of current to loads, or to transmit data.
sensor power
A regulated voltage output that provides a set voltage level for analog sensors
attached to the product.
shielded twisted-pair cable
A type of cable used for CAN communication that consists of two wires (CAN High
and CAN Low) twisted together. These wires are covered by a shield material (CAN
Shield) that improves the cable's immunity against electrical noise.
short-to-battery
A fault state that occurs when an input or output pin on the product is connected to
battery power, potentially resulting in high current flow.
short-to-ground
A fault state that occurs when an input or output pin on the product is connected to
system ground, potentially resulting in high current flow.
system noise
Electrical interference generated from external devices that affect the behaviour of
inputs, outputs and sensors. System noise can be generated from things like the
vehicle alternator, engine, transmission, etc.
trip time
The amount of time it takes a circuit to protect itself after a fault occurs.
Wake on CAN
A method of power control that makes the product turn on when a CAN message is
received from another module in the system, and turn off as determined by the
application software.
wetting current
The amount of current that flows into, or out of, a digital input. The current helps
eliminate oxidation on the contacts of digital switches and relays. Switches with gold
or silver contacts typically require much less wetting current than standard tinned
contacts.
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Index
15.
Index
1
10A High-Side Output Capabilities • 27
2
2.5A High-Side Output with Current Sense Capabilities • 29
5
5A High Side Output Capabilities • 28
5A High-Side Output with Current Sense Capabilities • 27
A
active-high • 69
active-low • 69
Addressing Digital Inputs • 20
aliasing • 69
amplified • 69
analog input • 69
anti-alias filtering • 69
Application Examples • 57
application software • 69
attenuation • 69
B
Back Driven Fault • 32
Busbar Power • 41
C
CAN • 69
CAN High • 69
CAN Low • 70
CAN Shield • 70
CMOS • 70
Communication • 43
Connect the VMM1615 to a Development System • 13
Connecting a switch to VMM1615 • 64
Connecting Common Sensors • 63
Connecting the Vehicle Harness to the VMM1615 • 56
Controller Area Network • 70
Controller Area Network (CAN) • 43
controller I/O board • 70
controller module • 70
Controlling a Proportional Valve • 60
Controlling Indicator Lights • 58
Controlling Motor Speed • 61
Create and Download Ladder Logic Software Applications • 14
current feedback • 70
current feedback control • 70
current sensing • 70
D
Data Link Adaptor (DLA) • 70
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
74
Index
DC-coupled • 70
DC-Coupled Frequency Input Configuration • 25
de-rating • 71
Designing the Vehicle Harness • 55
Diagram Conventions • 9
digital input • 71
Digital Input • 18
driver (hardware) • 71
driver (software) • 71
E
Electrical Guidelines • 55
Environmental Requirements • 54
F
FET • 71
Field Effect Transistor (FET) • 71
frequency input • 71
G
gain • 71
Gather Required Materials • 11
ground shift • 71
H
half-bridge • 71
H-bridge • 71
High Side Output Connections • 31
high-side output • 71
High-Side Output Configuration • 30
High-Side Output Diagnostics and Fault Protection • 26, 32
High-Side Outputs • 26
How to Use this Manual • 9
hysteresis • 71
I
Implementing Safety Interlocks • 57
inductive load • 72
Inputs • 15
Install the Data Link Adaptor (DLA) Driver Software • 12
Install the Required Software Tools • 12
Installing a VMM1615 into a Vehicle • 53
Introduction • 6
J
J1939 CAN Configuration • 44
J1939 CAN Installation Connections • 44
L
load • 72
logic power • 72
Logic Power • 40
Logic Power Capabilities • 40
Logic Power Installation Connections • 40
low-side output • 72
Low-Side Output with Current Sense Capabilities • 33
Low-Side Output with Current Sense Configuration • 34
Low-Side Output with Current Sense Installation Connection • 35
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
75
Index
Low-Side Outputs with Current Sense Diagnostics • 36
M
Mechanical Guidelines • 53
Mechanical Requirements • 54
Mounting the VMM1615 to a Vehicle • 55
O
Open Collector • 63
open load • 72
Open Load • 33, 36
Output Power Capabilities • 41
Outputs • 26
over-current • 72
Overview • 11
over-voltage • 72
P
Potentiometer (Ratiometric) • 65
Power • 40
Power Control Digital Input • 19
power control input • 72
Power Up the Development System • 14
Precautions • 7
procurement drawing • 72
Programmable Digital Input Capabilities • 15
Programmable Digital Input Installation Connections • 17
Programmable Digital Inputs • 15
Proportional Integral Differential (PID) • 72
pull-down • 72
pull-up • 73
Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) • 73
Q
Quick Start • 11
R
Recommended Mounting Orientation • 55
S
Selecting a Mounting Location • 53
sensor power • 73
Sensor Power • 41
Sensor Power Capabilities • 41
Sensor Power Fault Responses • 42
Sensor Power Installation Connections • 42
shielded twisted-pair cable • 73
Short Circuit • 32
Short-Circuit • 36
short-to-battery • 73
short-to-ground • 73
Software Overcurrent • 32, 36
Solid State Relay Capabilities • 37
Solid State Relay Diagnostics • 39
Solid State Relay Installation Connections • 37
Solid State Relays • 37
Startup • 67
system noise • 73
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
76
Index
T
trip time • 73
V
VMM1615 Analog Input Capabilities • 21
VMM1615 Analog Input Configurations • 23
VMM1615 Analog Inputs • 21
VMM1615 CAN Capabilities • 43
VMM1615 Connector Pin-outs • 50
VMM1615 Connectors • 48
VMM1615 DC-Coupled Frequency Input Capabilities • 24
VMM1615 DC-Coupled Frequency Inputs • 24
VMM1615 Diagnostic LED's • 46
VMM1615 Digital Input Capabilities • 18
VMM1615 Digital Input Types • 15
VMM1615 Dimensions • 53
VMM1615 Low-Side Output with Current Sense • 33
VMM1615 Power Control Digital Input Installation Connections • 19
VMM1615 Power Control Input Capabilities • 19
VMM1615 Programmable Digital Input Configuration • 16
VMM1615 Using one Analog Input as two Digital Inputs • 62
Voltage • 65
W
Wake on CAN • 73
wetting current • 73
Vansco Multiplexing Module (VMM) 1615
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