DAG Series FXO Voice Gateway User Manual V2.0

DAG Series FXO Voice Gateway User Manual V2.0
DAG Series FXO Voice Gateway
User Manual V2.0
Dinstar Technologies Co., Ltd.
Address: Floor 6 Guoxing Building Changxing Road Nanshan District Shenzhen China
518052
Telephone: 86-755-26456664
Fax:
86-755-26456659
Email:
[email protected], [email protected]
Website:
www.dinstar.com
Revision Records
File Name
DAG Series FXO Voice Gateway User Manual
Document Version
2.0
Firmware Version
2.11.08.05
Date
2014/03/16
Revised by
Technical Support Department
Table of Contents
1.
2.
3.
4.
Equipment Introduction ...................................................................................... 1
1.1 Overview ........................................................................................................ 1
1.2 Equipment appearance ................................................................................ 1
1.3 Power supply ................................................................................................. 2
1.4Network Applications ..................................................................................... 2
1.5 Functions and Features ................................................................................ 3
1.5.1Protocol standard supported ............................................................. 3
1.5.2 Voice and Fax parameters ................................................................ 3
1.5.3 Supplementary service ..................................................................... 3
Basic Operations .................................................................................................. 4
2.1 Phone Call ...................................................................................................... 4
2.1.1 Phone or Extension Number ............................................................ 4
2.1.2 Direct IP Calls ..................................................................................... 4
2.2 Call Features .................................................................................................. 5
2.3 Sending and Receiving Fax.......................................................................... 6
2.3.1 DAG(FXS)support four fax modes: ............................................ 6
2.3.2 T. 38 and Pass-Through .................................................................... 7
Local IVR Operation ............................................................................................ 7
3.1 Inquire IP address ........................................................................................ 7
3.2 Factory Reset ................................................................................................. 7
3.3 Configure LAN Port’s IP Address................................................................. 7
WEB Configuration............................................................................................... 8
4.1 WEB Login ...................................................................................................... 8
4.1.1 Login .................................................................................................... 8
4.1.2 Login WEB .......................................................................................... 9
4.2 Navigation Tree ........................................................................................... 10
4.3 State and Statistics ..................................................................................... 11
4.3.1 System Information ......................................................................... 11
4.3.2 Registration Information................................................................. 12
4.3.3 TCP/UDP Statistics........................................................................... 12
4.3.4 RTP Session Statistics ..................................................................... 13
4.4 Quick Setup Wizard .................................................................................... 13
4.5 Network Configuration ............................................................................... 13
4.5.1 Local Network .................................................................................. 13
4.5.2 VLAN Parameter ............................................................................... 15
4.5.3 MAC Clone(Routing mode) ............................................................. 18
4.5.4 DHCP Server (Routing mode) ........................................................ 18
4.5.5 DMZ Host (Routing mode) ............................................................. 19
5.
4.5.6 Forward Rule(Routing mode) ........................................................ 20
4.5.7 Static Route Table ............................................................................ 21
4.5.8 ARP .................................................................................................... 22
4.6 SIP Server .................................................................................................... 22
4.7 Port Configuration ....................................................................................... 24
4.8 Advanced ...................................................................................................... 25
4.8.1 FXS/FXO ............................................................................................ 25
4.8.2 Media Parameter.............................................................................. 29
4.8.3 SIP Parameter .................................................................................. 31
4.8.4 Fax Parameter .................................................................................. 34
4.8.5 Digit Map........................................................................................... 35
4.8.6 Feature Codec .................................................................................. 37
4.8.7 System Parameter ........................................................................... 39
4.9 Call & Routing .............................................................................................. 40
4.9.1 Port Group ........................................................................................ 40
4.9.2 IP Trunk............................................................................................. 42
4.9.3 Routing Configuration ..................................................................... 43
4.9.4 IP-Tel Routing ................................................................................... 44
4.9.5 Tel-IP/Tel Routing ............................................................................ 45
4.10 Manipulation Configuration ..................................................................... 46
4.10.1 IP-Tel Callee.................................................................................... 46
4.10.2 Tel-IP Caller .................................................................................... 47
4.10.3 Tel-IP Callee ................................................................................... 48
4.11 Maintenance .............................................................................................. 48
4.11.1 syslog Parameter ........................................................................... 48
4.11.2 Firmware Upload ........................................................................... 49
4.11.3 Data Backup ................................................................................... 50
4.11.4 Data Restore .................................................................................. 50
4.11.5 Ping Test ......................................................................................... 50
4.11.6 Tracert Test..................................................................................... 51
4.11.7 Password Modification .................................................................. 52
4.11.8 Factory Reset ................................................................................. 53
4.11.9 Device Restart ................................................................................ 53
Glossary............................................................................................................... 54
DAG Series FXO Voice Gateway User Manual
1. Equipment Introduction
1.1 Overview
Thanks for purchasing Dinstar DAG (hereinafter referred to as the DAG) series FXS analog
voice gateway.DAG series FXO analog gateway is access gateway based on IP network. It
can provide low cost, simple operation VoIP solutions for small enterprise, the family office,
remote office and branch enterprise. DAG connects to analog telephone, fax and traditional
analog PBX with standard voice interfaces and provided high quality voice service. DAG
series VoIP access gateway adopted standard SIP protocol and compatible with leading IP
PBX, soft-switch and SIP-based platform. DAG series FXS analog gateway includes
following model:

DAG1000-4O

DAG1000-8O

DAG1000-16O
This manual mainly to DAG2000-16O as example, introduce the function of devices and
parameter configuration.
1.2 Equipment appearance
Figure 2-1DAG2000-8O
Figure 2-2DAG2000-16O
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1.3 Power supply
DAG1000-4/8O is Cassette equipment with placed on desk, and adopts AC 110-240 V
power supply, with the power adapter convert to 12VDC power.
Power parameters:
Input: 100-240V, 50-60Hz
Output: 12VDC
Notes: Because power adapter interface is different in different country, please confirm the
interface standard with us before shipment.
1.4Network Applications
Figure 4-1:Network Applications
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1.5 Functions and Features
1.5.1Protocol standard supported
•
SIP V2.0 (RFC 3261,3262,3264)
•
SDP (RFC 2327)
•
REFER (RFC 3515)
•
RTP/RTCP (RFC 1889,1890)
•
STUN (RFC 3489)
•
ARP/RARP (RFC 826/903)
•
SNTP (RFC 2030)
•
DHCP/PPPoE
•
TFTP/HTTP/HTTPS
•
DNS/DNS SRV (RFC 1706/RFC 2782)
•
VLAN 802.1P/802.1Q
•
Diff Server
1.5.2 Voice and Fax parameters
•
G.711A/U law, G.723.1, G.729AB
•
Comfortable Noise Generation (CNG)
•
Voice Activity Detection (VAD)
•
Echo Cancellation (G.168)
•
Adaptive Dynamic Jitter Buffer
•
Voice and fax gain control
•
Modem
•
T.38/Pass-through
•
DTMF Mode: Signal/RFC2833/INBAND
1.5.3 Supplementary service
•
Busy tone detection
•
No current take out stitches detection
•
Voice interrupted detection
•
One stage dialing
•
Two stage dialing
•
PSTN exterior ports polling
•
Polarity Reversal
•
FAS( Fake billing correction )
•
DC/AC impedance config
•
Calls detection (Bellcore Type 1&2, ETSI,DTMF)
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•
Voice mail
•
Direct IP Call
•
IP Trunk
2. Basic Operations
2.1 Phone Call
2.1.1 Phone or Extension Number
1)FXO Call Out
•
One stage dialing: After receiving phone number from softswitch/IPPBX,
selected one PSTN call out through some selection rules such as round of
selection.
•
Two stage dialing: IPPBX extension dial FXO port SIP account, then after hearing
dial tone, dial outside number.
2)Dial the number directly and press #.
•
Dial outside number with FXO, when listen to audio “please dial the extension
number” or second dial tone, and then dial callee number. After dialing
completion, send callee number to IP server side, such as soft switch or IPPBX.
•
Offhook auto-dial: Dial outside number with FXO, device will automatically
connect to the specified extension or queue according to the default hotline
number.
2.1.2 Direct IP Calls
DAG series device with FXS port allow two parties directly call through IP address. The
user need only a simulation with the FXS port unit equipment linked together and set up
calls not registered.
Elements necessary to completing a direct IP call:
1)
Both DAG serial and other VoIP Device, have public IP addresses;
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2)
Both DAG serial and other VoIP Device are on the same LAN using private IP addresses;
3)
Both DAG serial and other VoIP Device can be connected through a router using public
or private IP addresses (with necessary port forwarding or DMZ).
Operation Process:
1)Pick up the analog phone then dial “*47”
2)Enter the target IP address.
【Note】:No dial tone will be played between step 1 and step 2
Examples:
If the target IP address is 192.168.0.160, the dialing convention is *47, then
192*168*0*160. Followed by pressing the “#” key or wait 3 seconds. Complete
signaling interactive soon after, he was called the unit can be heard ringing.
【Note】:You cannot make direct IP calls between FXS0 to FXS1 since they are using same
IP. It only supports the default destination port 5060.
2.2 Call Features
DAG (FXS) support all traditional and senior phone function.
Table 2.2-1 Feature Codec
Feature Codec
Operation Instructions
*158#
View the LAN port IP address
*159#
View the WAN port IP address
*114#
Inquire port account
*150*
Set the way of obtain IP address
*157*
Set network method
*152*
Set IP address
*153*
Set Subnet mask
*156*
Set default gateway IP address
*193#
Obtain IP address through DHCP again
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*160*1#
Open WAN port to access web
*166*000000#
Factory reset
*111#
Restart device
*#
Call hold
*47*
IP address call
*51#
Enable call waiting
*50#
Disable call waiting
*87*
Blind transfer
*72*
Enable Unconditional Call Forward
*73#
Disable Unconditional Call Forward
*90*
Enable Busy Call Forward
*91#
Disable Busy Call Forward
*92*
Enable No Answer Call Forward
*93#
Disable No Answer Call Forward
*78#
Enable DND
*79#
Disable DND
*200#
Access Voice mail
Flash/Hook
Switch between incoming calls, If not in session, flash/hook will switch a
new channel for new call.
2.3 Sending and Receiving Fax
2.3.1 DAG(FXS)support four fax modes:
1)T.38(FoIP)
2)Pass-Through
3)Modem
4)adaptive
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2.3.2 T. 38 and Pass-Through
T.38 is the preferred method because it is more reliable and works well in most network
conditions. If the service provider supports T.38, please use this method by selecting T.38
as fax mode (default). If the service provider does not support T.38, pass-through mode
may be used. If you have problems with sending or receiving Fax, toggle the Fax Tone
Detection Mode setting.
3. Local IVR Operation
3.1 Inquire IP address
Analog phone connected with FXS ports of device, then pick up, after dial tone, dialing
*158# to inquire LAN port IP address and dialing *159# to inquire WAN port IP address.
3.2 Factory Reset
After picking up, dial *166*000000#, then onhook and restart after “Setting successful”.
3.3 Configure LAN Port’s IP Address
Before configuration, please ensure:(1)The device is power on; (2)deviceis connectingto
network;(3)Telephone is connecting to FXS port of device.
1) Configure dynamic IP address by DHCP:
Offhook; Dial “*150*2#”; Onhook;
If the equipment hint success, after 10 seconds, and restart the equipment.(Poweroff then power-on)
2) Configure Static IP address
Offhook; Dial “*150*1#”; Onhook;
Then configure IP and mask as follow:
•
Configure IP address:
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Offhook; input “*152*172*16*0*100# ”; onhook
•
Configure subnet mask:
Offhook; input “*153*255*255*0*0# ”; onhook
•
Configure gateway IP address
Offhook; input “*156*172*16*0*1# ”; onhook.
3) Query the IP address of device: Offhook, input“*158#”
4) If the DAG serial uses PPPoE method to get IP address,it need to configure by
web browser.
【Note】:The telephone will play voice prompt “Setting successfully” if the step is correct
4. WEB Configuration
4.1 WEB Login
Device is connecting to network properly, refer to chapter 3 “Operation”. Offhook and
dial*158# to inquire device IP address.
4.1.1 Login
Device LAN port default IP address is 192.168.11.1, WAN port default obtain IP address
by DHCP. Advice to modify the IP address of the local computer equipment and ensure
that are on the same IP segment, with Windows 7 as an example, the local computer IP
address change for 192.168.11.10:
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Figure 4.1-1Modify IP address
Check connection between computer and device, click “Start”-> “run”-> input “cmd”, run
ping 192.168.11.10 –t order to check the connectivity between them.
4.1.2 Login WEB
Open web browser, then input IP address of device, Press“Enter”, it pop up logging on
identity authentication interface.
Figure 4.1-1 DAG FXS Login Interface
Default username and password: admin/admin, click “OK” to entry into web interface.
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Figure 4.1-2 DAG Configure Interface
4.2 Navigation Tree
DAG series voice gateway web configuration interface mainly includes navigation tree and
the right configuration interface. Choose navigation tree in order to entry into the configuration
interface.
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Figure 4.2-1 Navigation Tree
When device is in bridge mode, navigation tree won’t display "routing configuration"
items and the following "DHCP service", "DMZ host", "forward rules" and "static routing"
and "ARP" etc.
4.3 State and Statistics
4.3.1 System Information
System information interface shows the run information as following figure 4.3.1 below:
Figure 4.3-1 System Information
System information as follow:
Table 4.3-1 System Information Description
MAC address
Network Mode
WAN port hardware address. The device ID in HEX format.
Display network mode, include bridge and rout. If it is bridge, WAN port display
Network, and the WAN port IP as same as the LAN port IP.
Shows WAN IP address of DAG ,
DHCP mode: all the field values for the Static IP mode are not used (eventhough
they are still saved in the Flash memory.) The DAG acquires its IP address from the
WAN Port
first DHCP server it discovers from the LAN it is connected.
Using the PPPoE feature: set the PPPoE account settings. The DAG willestablish a
PPPoE session if any of the PPPoE fields is set.
Static IP mode: configure the IP address, Subnet Mask, Default Router IPaddress,
DNS Server 1 (primary), DNS Server 2 (secondary) fields. These fieldsare set to zero
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by default.
LAN Port
Shows LAN IP address of DAG. If network Mode is bridge, LAN port won’t display.
DNS Server
Display DNS server IP address and default gateway information
System Uptime
Time elapsed from device power on to now.
Network Traffic Statics
Total bytes of message received and sent by network port.
Version
Includes: product mode, software version, hardware version and built time etc.
4.3.2 Registration Information
Figure 4.3-2 Port and Port group registration information
4.3.3 TCP/UDP Statistics
Figure 4.3-3 TCP/UDP Statistics Information
Figure 4.3-3 shows TCP sending and receiving, UDP sending and receiving packets of
statistical information since the device launched.
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4.3.4 RTP Session Statistics
Figure 4.3-4 RTP Session Statistics
Figure 4.3-4 display real-time RTP conversation flow data information, includes:
Port, voice codec, packet period, local port, peer IP, peer port, sent packets, receive packets,
lost packets, jitter and duration.
4.4 Quick Setup Wizard
Quick configuration guide will guide users to configure the device step by step. Users only need
to configure network, SIP server and sip port in quick setup wizard. Basically, after these three
steps, users are able to make voice call through device.
4.5 Network Configuration
4.5.1 Local Network
DAG has two kinds of work mode: route and bridge. When DAG is set rout mode, the
DAG will work as small router and NAT function has enabled. In this situation, WAN port
is normally connect to uplink router/switch or ADSL MODEM, LAN port used to connect
local computer or other network device(such as Ethernet switches, Hubs etc); When DAG
is set bridge mode, WAN and LAN port are the same. The DAG just work as two ports or
four ports Ethernet switch.
When it set to bridge mode, only need to configure WAN port IP address and DNS. If set
to route mode, default LAN port IP will display and it can be change by users.
Note: DAG2000-16O just supports bridge mode. DAG1000-4/8O supports bridge and
route mode.
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Bridge mode
Network configuration of bridge mode:
Figure 4.5-1 Local network
•
“Link Speed &Duplex”used to select Ethernet port work mode, include 5 kinds of
choice,“Auto Detect”、“10Mbps half-duplex”、“10Mbps full-duplex”,“100Mbpshalfduplex”,“100Mbps full-duplex”, default is “Auto Detec”.
•
When select“Obtain IP address automatically”, DAG will obtain IP address by DHCP.
•
When select “Use the following IP address”, that configure DAG to fixed IP address
mode.
•
When select “PPPoE”, please fill in account and password offered by ISP in internet
account and password.
【Notes】:
1) If select DHCP to obtain IP address, please ensure DHCP server in network and work
normally.
2) After configuration, restart device configuration validation.
3)
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Route Mode
Network configuration of route mode:
Notes: The following settings are available on route mode only!
4.5.2 VLAN Parameter
Generally, Internet provides only Best Effort Service. Since ethernet is the most spread LAN
access technology, importance of providing it a quality of service mechanism ought not to
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be neglected.
Ethernet technology also used as WAN technology, not only as LAN technology. Due to
rapidly increasing use Internet through Public Switched Telecommunication Network
(PSTN), Telephone Companies are forced to implement IP-based networks as their PSTN
backbones. A network like this without any Quality of Service mechanisms would be
disastrous. Just imagine yourself trying to get an emergency call through while others just
surf the Internet.
1) 802.1Q
The IEEE 802.1Q standard defines architecture for Virtual Bridged LANs, the services
provided in Virtual Bridged LANs and the protocols and algorithms involved in the provision
of those services.
No Quality of Service mechanisms are defined in this standard, but an important
requirement for providing QoS is included in this standard, e.g. abitity to regenerate user
priority of received frames using priority information contained in the frame and the User
Priority Regeneration Table for the reception Port.
2) 802.1p
IEEE 802.1p standard, Traffic class expediting and dynamic multicast filtering. It
describes important methods for providing QoS at MAC level. IEEE 802.1p is in fact quite
good. Lower priority level packets are not sent, if there is packets in queued in higher
level queues.IEEE 802.1p describes no admission control protocols. It would be possible
to give Network Control priority to all packets and the network would be easily
congested.
There are three VLAN: data VLAN, voice LAN and management VLAN. VLAN
configuration interface as following figure 4-4-3:
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Figure 4.5-3 VLAN parameter configuration
Table 4.5-1VLAN parameter configuration
Fill out an ID to describe a data VLAN group,ID 0
Data 802.1Q VLAN ID(0-4095)
configure.
Data VLAN
Data 802.1p Priority(0-7)
Voice
802.1Q
VLAN
ID(0-
4095)
Voice VALN
802.1 protocol to control network traffic priority,
Priority from 0-7.
Fill out an ID to describe a voice VLAN group, ID 0
used to management VLAN, can’t used to service
configure.
Voice 802.1p Priority(0-7)
802.1 protocol to control network traffic priority,
Priority from 0-7.
IP address
Can use dynamic or static IP address
Voice VLAN DNS Server
Can use dynamic or static DNS server address
Management
802.1Q
VLAN
ID(0-4095)
Management
VLAN
used to management VLAN, can’t used to service
Fill out an ID to describe a data VLAN group, ID 0
used to management VLAN, can’t used to service
configure.
Management 802.1p Priority
802.1 protocol to control network traffic priority,
(0-7)
Priority from 0-7.
IP address
Can use dynamic or static IP address
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Management
VLAN
DNS
server
Can use dynamic or static DNS server address
【Note】:restart the device to take configuration effect.
4.5.3 MAC Clone(Routing mode)
Figure 4.5-4 MAC Clone Interface
More client in LAN have already can’t share internet used the traditional “gateway set law”.
Because IP address binding in only a legitimate MAC address by ISP. If the ISP’s switch
discover illegal MAC address, it will refuse service.
The best way is MAC clone for MAC binding. Most ADSL MODEM, broadband router, wireless
router have this feature. The principle of MAC address clone is deliberately exposed MAC
address of bound computer to the ISP server and let the ISP server think that used only a
single piece of computer, in fact many computers in sharing the Internet.
This function used to prevent ISP limiting to share the Internet.
【Note】:restart device to take configuration effect.
4.5.4 DHCP Server (Routing mode)
Under route mode, DAG network part as a small router to configure DHCP service, that
DAG as a DHCP server in network.
Start and end address of address pool determine the range of IP address automatically
assigned to other devices;
•
IP Expire Time means use time of assigned IP address. More than the lease time, if
the IP address is not used by network equipment, IP address will be recovered;
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•
Subnet mask, gateway, DNS and other information configured by DHCP protocol.
Configuration interface as figure 4.5-5:
Figure 4.5-5 DHCP Configuration Interface
【Note】:When configure start and end IP address, subnet mask and gateway, please set the
same segment with LAN port. Otherwise, device will not work normally. After configuration,
restart device configuration validation.
4.5.5 DMZ Host (Routing mode)
DMZ(Demilitarized Zone) connect web, e-mail etc. server allowed external to access to this
area. Make the internal network located the back of the zone of confidence and not allow
any access, separation of inside and outside the network, protect user information.DMZ
can be understood that a special areas of the network and different from the external
network or intranet. Public server that does not contain confidential information usually
placed in DMZ, such as web, Mail, FTP etc. Accuser from intranet can visit the service of
DMZ, but can’t come into contact with confidential or private information stored in the
network. Even if DMZ server is damaged, it will not be confidential information in the
internal network .
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Figure 4.5-6 DMZ Configuration Interface
【Note】:After configuration, restart device configuration validation.
4.5.6 Forward Rule(Routing mode)
In some cases, LAN network equipment need to provide some communication in WAN
network (such as port for 21 FTP service), This time can be configured forwarding rules
for the network equipment.
Service ports namely the need to provide service network mouth WAN ports, IP address
that LAN network provide services to the mouth of the network equipment IP address, the
protocol is TCP or UDP.
The different between forward rule and DMZ host is that DMZ Host offers continuous
multiple
Port (0-1024) and all the foreign communication agreement; while the forward rule offers
a
single or a few port foreign communication on some protocol. When the conflicts exist
between forward rule and DMZ host,the configuration of forwarding rules is preferred.
Forward rule configuration interface as follows:
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Figure 4.5-7 Forward rule configuration interface
4.5.7 Static Route Table
Static Route Table is IP communication direction in network, generally do not need to
configure static route. When there are many segments in LAN network and need to
complete some specific application among these segments, the static route need to be
configured.
Static Route configuration interface as follows:
Figure 4.5-8 Static route configuration interface
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4.5.8 ARP
ARP brief introduction:
ARP is address resolution protocol. After configuring ARP, users can get physical address
through device IP address. Under TCP/IP network environment, each host is assigned a
32-bit IP address. But the message transmission needs to know the purpose the physical
address of the party. ARP is a tool that converts IP address into MAC address.
ARP configuration interface as follows:
Figure 4.5-4 ARP Parameters
4.6 SIP Server
SIP server introduction:
1)SIP server is the main component of VoIP network and responsible for establishing
all the SIP phone calls. SIP server also called SIP proxy server or regist ered server.
IPPBX and the soft-switch can act as SIP server role.
2)Usually, SIP server does not participate in the media process.
In SIP network, the media always using end-to-end to hand the consultation. In some
particular situation or business processing, such as “Music On Old”, SIP server will
actively participate in the media negotiation. Simple SIP server is responsible only for
establishment, maintenance and cleaning conversation, don't interfere in call. While
relatively complex SIP server also called SIP PBX. It not only provides the basic call,
and basic conversational support, also offer plenty of business, such as: Presence,
Find-me, Music On Hold.
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3)SIP server based on Linux platform, such as: OpenSER、sipXecx,VoS,Mera etc.
4)SIP server based on windows platform, such as :miniSipServer、Brekeke,VoIPswitch
etc.
5)Carrier grade soft-switch platform, such as Cisco, Huawei, Zteetc.
SIP server configuration interface as follows:
Figure 4.6-1 SIP Server Configuration Interface
SIP parameter description:
Primary SIP Server IP
SIP Server IP address or Domain name provided by VoIP service provider.
Primary SIP Server port
Service port, default is 5060
protects registrar against excessively frequent registration refreshes
Register interval
while limiting the state.Every once in a while send request for registration to the
terminal server, default is 1800s.
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Heartbeat
Secondary
Heartbeat message detect the connection status between device and SIP server.
SIP
Server
IP
address
Secondary SIP Server port
Secondary
SIP
server
Register interval
Backup SIP Server’s IP address or Domain name provided by VoIP service provider.
Service port, default is 5060
protects registrar against excessively frequent registration refreshes
while limiting the state.Every once in a while send request for registration to the
terminal server, default is 1800s.
Secondary SIP heartbeat
Heartbeat message detect the connection status between device and SIP server.
Use Random Port
Random SIP service ports for DAG
Set Local SIP port
Default SIP service port is 5060.
4.7 Port Configuration
Port parameters include: Send gain, receive gain, primary display name etc.
Figure 4.7-1 Port configuration interface
Port parameters introduce as follows:
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It is use to control the volume of conversation, Adjust "TX gain" will affect
Tx Gain
the end users voice size, the default value is 0.
Its value range from-10 – 10 dB
It is use to control the volume of conversation, Adjust "RX gain" will affect
Rx Gain
the end users voice size, the default value is 0.
Its value range from -10 – 10 dB
Primary /Secondary SIP
Primary /Secondary SIP account description. Its purpose is so you can
Display Name
identify the SIP account with a meaningful name
Primary
User account information, provided by VoIP service provider (ITSP). Usually
/Secondary
SIPUser ID
in the form of digit similar to phone number or actually a phone number.
Primary/Secondary SIP
SIP service subscriber’s Authenticate ID used for authentication. Can be
Authenticate ID
identical to or different from SIP User ID.
Primary/Secondary
Authenticate password
Offhook Auto-dial
Auto-dial Delay Time
SIP password which registers to soft switch/SIP server
Pre-assign an extension or phone number so that automatically dial a
number as soon as you pick up the phone set
Delay 0-3 seconds to automatically dial a number, 0 means dial number
immediately
4.8 Advanced
4.8.1 FXS/FXO
FXO is Foreign Exchange Office. It is a kind of voice interface, and a trunk connected
between central exchange switches and telephone exchange system. To central office
speaking, it simulates a PABX extension, and can realize connection among common phone
and a multiplexer. It also is FXO interface connected with SPC exchanges.
FXO as ordinary telephone interface, and need to remote provide current. FXO may
connect company’s internal PBX service extension and the telecom outside, generally
speaking, FXO is a telephone. So just lead a inside to FXO port from company’s internal,
or directly line a straight up in FXO from the telecom.
FXO parameters include: Call progress Tone, Timeout for Dialing, Send Polarity Reversal
etc. Configuration interface as follow:
Basic Parameters:
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Call Progress Tone: Hear the dial tone when pick up the phone. Choose the
national standards from the drop-down box. Default is the United States.
Timeout for Dialing: With the help of dialing timeout, you can limit the time while
users typing the digits from an extension. If the timeout expire while the user is
typing in the extension then DAG will consider the extension as complete and it will
try to send to SIP server. Default value is 4 seconds.
Timeout for Answer (Outgoing Call): This timer set how long the caller party
waiting when makes outgoing call on extension.
Timeout for answer (Incoming call): This timer set how long the phone sets
ringing when get incoming call.
No RTP Detect: This option is to disconnect call when there is no RTP received.
Default value is 90s
Incoming call setting and Caller ID
Configuration by FXO:
When the call from FXO interface, users can be enable or disabled FXO allocation
function. FXO configuration function includes: detect CID, Send original CID, Play hint to
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FXO.
Detect CID:to enable caller ID detection for incoming calls. The gateway has two
modes: Before ring and after ring.
Before ring: the FXO port will detect CID first, then ringing to the port. It takes
about few seconds to detect CID in generally.
After ring: the FXO port will ringing to FXO port then start to detect CID
Send Original CID when Call from PSTN

From Mode when CID Is Available
Used to configure "From" Mode when Caller ID Is Available when call from PSTN
to VoIP. The SIP header should be matched with follow formats:
Display/CID: From: “Mike”<sip:[email protected]>;tag=51088abb
User ID/CID: From:”201”<sip:[email protected]>;tag=51088abb
CID/CID: From: Caller ID <sip: Caller [email protected]>;tag=51088abb
CID/User ID: From:”Caller ID”<sip:[email protected]>;tag=51088abb

From Mode when Caller ID Is Unavailable
Used to configure "From" Mode when Caller ID Is Unavailable
Anonymous : From: <sip: Anonymous @host.com>;tag=51088abb
Display/User ID: From: “Mike”<sip: 201 @host.com>;tag=51088abb
Keep onhook until callee answered
When the gateway get incoming call from PSTN network, the modular will answer the
call then start to DTMF or route to destination hotline number. While this option
enabled, the modular won’t answer the call but routing to destination hotline number
till it getting answer.
Play Hint to FXO
Enable this function, when call from PSTN to FXO port, FXO port will play prompt tone
“please dial the extension number”.
Allow Call to SIP Server without Registration
To enable peer to peer call without registration.
Outgoing call Parameters
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One Stage Dialing
Enable this function, FXO port directly sent the dial number, without call extension.
Dial Delay
Timer of outgoing call dialing. To call out while match with routing rule successfully.
Polarity Reversal Detect
To enable or disable Polarity Reversal.
Delay Time after FXO Offhook
Timer of the gateway to send SIP 200OK to VoIP. In case the fixed line doesn’t supply
answer signal, the gateway will send answer signal to VoIP side.
Busy Tone Detected
The FXO port will release while busy tone detected.
No current detected
The FXO port will release while no current detected on the phone line.
AC/DC impedance
To match with the impedance of phone line automatically or configure impedance
manually. Here is the list that support on the gateway:
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4.8.2 Media Parameter
Media parameter mainly include: RTP start port, DTMF parameter, PreferedVocoder.
Configuration Interface as follow:
Figure 4.8-2 Media Parameter Configuration Interface
Media parameter description:
RTP Start Port
Default RTP port 8000
DTMF Method
SINGAL、INBAND、RFC2833
It is configurable When RFC2833 is selected,
RFC2833 Payload Type Optimization
payload negotiation parameter with remote side,
it includes two options: Local and remote
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RFC2833 Payload Type
Payloadvalue, default is 101
DTMF Gain
Default is 0 DB
DTMF Send Interval
DTMF send signal interval, default is 200ms.
DAG supports G729、G711U、G711A、G723. while
Coder Name
it make outgoing call, G.729 will used as figure
4.8.2 displayed
Payload Type
Each kind of coding has a unique type load
value, refer toRFC3551
Packetization Time
Voice package time
Rate
Voice data flow rate, system default
Default is disable, if enable, according to the
current
noise
environment
dynamically
adjust mute inhibit threshold,thus in the user
Slience Suppression
in silent state stop transmission background
noise bag and save about VoIP bandwidth.In
the low bandwidth environment, can reduce
the network congestion, greatly improving
VoIP call effect.
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4.8.3 SIP Parameter
Figure 4.8-3 SIP Parameter Configuration Interface
SIP parameter description:
SUBSCRIBE for MWI
Voicemail User ID
Voicemail message indicator, it is to be realized in the
way of NOTIFY
Access code to voicemail box
When call come into holding, if select to receive and not send
RTP Mode in SDP when Call Holding
packet, then the local can hear call waiting tone. If select to
not receive and not send packet, then doesn’t play call
waiting tone.
IP-to-IP Call
URI Includes user=phone
Only Accept Call from Server
Enable this function, users may use the * business call IP
address on the phone.
SIP carries the information, the system defaults not open.
Default is no, it indicates the DAG accept incoming call from
SIP server only
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Anonymous Call
Reject Anonymous Call
# as ending Dial Key
Enable anonymous call,“anonymous” will include in SIP
message
Enable this function, reject all anonymous call. Disable by
default
Dial-up, use # as a end descriptor.
RFC3262 defined an optional extension methods—PRACK
PRACK
(provisional ack), Used to support the reliability of the
temporary response.
Its function is to require the receiving partycontact with the
Value of “Refer To“ refers to ”Contact”
third partythrough the use of supplied in the request in the
address information. “Refer to” field of SIP message fill in
“contact header”.
Domain Query Type
There are two modes option: A QUERY and SRV QUERY.
Default is A QUERY.
Domain Re-resolution Interval
Default 0: forbidden
T1
T1 timer of SIP protocol, default is 500ms
T2
T2 timer of SIP protocol, default is 400ms
T4
T4 timer of SIP protocol, default is 500ms
Max Timeout
The max timeout of sending or receiving, default is 32s
Heartbeat Interval
Default is 10s.
Voice mail instructions:
Here DAG work with Elastix the example, introduces how voicemail work in DAG.
1)DAG register to Elastix server. Corresponding extension number enable voice mail function
in Elastix and set password. As below:
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Figure 4.8-4 Elastix Voicemail Configuration Interface
2)check feature code in Elastix and change it as necessary. Its default feature codes setting
as below:
Figure 4.8-5 Elastix Voicemail Setting
Figure4.8-6 Voice Mail Setting In SIP Parameter
3)Enable voice mail in DAG and Elastix will ask you to leave a message after ringing 15 seconds,
then Elastix will record and display your message.
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Figure 4.8-7 Voicemail Setting
4)DAG dial *200#, then dial voicemail account and thenask password for Validation. After that
the user will hear voice message.
4.8.4 Fax Parameter
Fax introduction:
DAG fax parameter includes: fax mode, Fax sound detection party, ECM, Rate.
Figure 4.8-8 Fax Parameter Configure Interface
Fax parameter description:
Mode
Fax mode support T.38, T.30 (Pass-through),Modem, Adaptive.
Tone Detection by
Fax sound detection mode: Caller, Callee, Automatic.
ECM
Fax error correction information
Rate
The rate of sending and receiving.
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4.8.5 Digit Map
Figure 4.8-9Digit Map
Gateway is collect digits dialed by user, if received a number to be immediately report, the
efficiency is too low and a large number of take up network resources. A reasonable method is
concentration sending a message after receiving all number. How to judge the gateway
receiving all number is the difficulties of this method. The solution is the call agent loading a
“Digit Map” to gateway.
Digit Map includes a series figure characters, when the dial-up sequence and one received a
character string matching, it means the number has received neat. Digital string contains
characters allowed:data0~9, letterA~D,“#”,“*”, letter T, letter x and “.”. "|" parts of each
string is a choice of dial-up solutions; “[]”means choose anyone;“*”means one reports; letter
T means detected timer overtime; x means any data; “.”means multiple characters can be
behind,include 0; “#”means report immediately.
Digit Map Syntax:
1. Supported objects
Digit: A digit from "0" to "9".
Timer: The symbol "T" matching a timer expiry.
DTMF: A digit, a timer, or one of the symbols "A", "B", "C", "D", "#", or "*".
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2. Range []
One or more DTMF symbols enclosed between square brackets ("[" and "]"), but
only one can be selected.
3. Range ()
One or more expressions enclosed between round brackets ("(" and ")"), but
only one can be selected.
4. Separator
|: Separated expressions or DTMF symbols.
5. Subrange
-: Two digits separated by hyphen ("-") which matches any digit between and
including the two. The subrange construct can only be used inside a range
construct, i.e., between "[" and "]".
6. Wildcard
x: matches any digit ("0" to "9").
7. Modifiers
.: Match 0 or more times.
8. Modifiers
+: Match 1 or more times.
9. Modifiers
?: Match 0 or 1 times.
Example:
Assume we have the following digit maps:
1. xxxxxxx | x11
and a current dial string of "41". Given the input "1" the current dial
string becomes "411". We have a partial match with "xxxxxxx", but a
complete match with "x11", and hence we send "411" to the Call Agent.
2. [2-8] xxxxxx | 13xxxxxxxxx
Means that first is "2","3","4","5","6","7" or "8", followed by 6 digits;
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or first is 13, followed by 9 digits.
3. (13 | 15 | 18)xxxxxxxxx
Means that first is "13","15" or "18", followed by 8 digits.
4. [1-357-9]xx
Means that first is "1","2","3" or "5" or "7","8","9", followed by 2 digits.
4.8.6 Feature Codec
Feature codec includes device function and call function. Feature codec as follow:
Figure 4.8-10 Feature Code Configuration Interface
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Inquire LAN port IP address
Dial*158# to obtain device WAN port IP address
Inquire WAN port IP address
Dial*159# to obtain device WAN port IP address
Inquire Phone Number
Dial*114# to obtain port account
*150*0#, means pppmodem, *150*1#, means static IP,
Setting IP Mode
*150*2#, means obtain IP address by DHCP, *150*3#, means
pppoe.
*157*0#, set network work mode to routing mode; *157*1#,
Network Work Mode
set network work mode to bridge mode
Configure IP Address
*152*+IP, set gateway IP address
Network subnet mask configure
*153*+subnet mask, set gateway subnet mask
Network Gateway Configure
*156*+gateway IP, set gateway
Renew DHCP
*193#, set dynamic IP again
Access Web by Wan in Rout Mode
Allow access web through WAN port:*160*1#; don’t allow
access web through WAN port:*160*0#
Reset Factory
*166*000000#, reset factory
Restart Device
*111#, restart device
When call process, dial*# into call hold. (Recovery the call
Call onhold/offhold
through hook flash or *#)
Call by IP
Directly dial the end user IP to call
Call Waiting Activate
*51#, enable call waiting function
Call Waiting Deactivate
*50#, forbid call waiting function
If the call transfer to 801, first hook flash and then dial
Blind Transfer
the * 87 * 801#
Call Forward Unconditional Activate
Call
Forward
Unconditional
Deactivate
*72*+ phone number#, transfer the call from the phone number
*73#, forbid call forward unconditional
Call Forward Busy Activate
*90*+ forward busy number#
Call Forward Busy Deactivate
*91#, forbid call forward busy
Call Forward No Reply Activate
*92*+ forward no reply number#
Call Forward No Reply Deactivate
*93#, close this function
Do Not Disturb Activate
*78#, enable DND function
Do Not Disturb Deactivate
*79#, close DND function
Dial Voicemail
*200#, visit voice mail box
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Note:* Private services are open by default
4.8.7 System Parameter
System parameters include: STUN、NTP、Provision、WEB parameter、Telnet.
1)STUN:STUN(Simple Traversal of UDP over NATs)is a network protocol. It allows users
back of NAT find their own public network address, NAT type and internet end port have been
bound by NAT for a local port. Two back of NAT router devices established UDP communication
through this information.
STUN doesn’t support TCP connection and H.323.
2)NTP:Network Time Protocol(NTP)is a computer time synchronization protocol.
System parameter configuration interface as follow:
Figure 4.8-11System Configuration Interface
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STUN Server Address
STUN server IP address
STUN Server Port
STUN server port
Primary NTP server address
Primary NTP server IP address, system default is us.pool.ntp.org
Primary NTP server port
Default is 123
Secondary NTP server address
Default is 18.145.0.30
Secondary NTP server port
Default is 123
SYN Interval
Time Zone
Every certain time synchronization gateway time, the system default
every 3600 s synchronous once.
Time zone can be chosen. System default the United States central
time, Chicago.
Reboot time
Set a restart time for device, the device will reboot at this time.
WEB Port
Gateway web port, default is 80
Access Web by WAN
Enable or disable accessing web by WAN
Telnet Port
Telnet service port, default is 23.
4.9 Call & Routing
4.9.1 Port Group
Port group parameter include: Index, description etc. Port group configure interface as follow:
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Figure 4.9-1 port group configuration interface
Index
Description
Port groupNumber, It uniquely identifies a route,range from
0-15
Port group description,its purpose is so you can identify the
port group with a meaningful name
Port group display, which will be used in SIP message,
example:
INVITE sip:[email protected] SIP/2.0
Primary/Secondary Display Name
Via:SIP/2.0/UDPpc33.atlanta.com;branch=z9hG4bK776as
dhds Max-Forwards: 70
To: Bob <sip:[email protected]>
From: Alice <sip:[email protected]>;tag=1928301774
Here Bob and Alice is the display
User account information, provided by VoIP service
Primary/Secondary SIP User ID
provider (ITSP). Usually in the form of digit similar to phone
number or actually a phone number.
Primary/Secondary Authenticate ID
SIP service subscriber’s Authenticate ID used for
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authentication. Can be identical to or different from SIP
User ID.
Primary/Secondary Authenticate Password
Password of SIP user ID
Offhook Auto-Dial
Set Auto-dial number to complete one stage dialing.
Auto-Dial delay time
Delay time of FXO port send auto-dial number.
 It specifies the policy for selecting port in a port group
 Ascending: the system always selects a port from the
minimum number. The preferential selection of the port
can be realized through this mode
 Cyclic ascending: when system selects ports’ Priority, it
always begin from the number next to the number
selected last time, if the maximum priority number is
selected last time, then the next number is the minimum
Port Select
priority number, and move in cycles like this
 Descending: when system selects ports’ priority, it always
begin to select from the maximum priority number
 Cyclic descending: when system selects ports’ Priority, it
always begin from the number before to the number
selected last time, if the minimum priority number is
selected last time, then the next number is the maximum
priority number, and move in cycles like this
 Group ring: all ports ringing at the same time
Pick Up on Group
Port
Press “*# +extension number” to decide which extension
on the phone.
Add some ports to the same group
4.9.2 IP Trunk
A peer-to-peer VoIP call occurs when two VoIP phones communicate directly over IP without
IP PBXs between them. A peer-to-peer call can be initiated directly by dialing destination phone
number in DAGs and also receiving incoming calls from other peer to peer gateway. IP trunk is
help to DAGs establish peer-to-peer call between DAGs and other VoIP phones. IP trunk will be
used in routing configuration.
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Figure 4.9-2 IP Trunk Configuration Interface
Index
Description
IP trunk number, it is range from 0 to 63
The description of IP trunk, its purpose is so you can identify the IP trunk with
a meaningful name
Remote Address
Peer IP address or domain name
Remote Port
Peer SIP port
Heartbeat
Default is disable, if enable, DAG will send “OPTION” to peer device
4.9.3 Routing Configuration
Figure 4.9-3 Routing Parameter Configuration Interface
This option determines the following routing of call take effect before or after manipulation.
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4.9.4 IP-Tel Routing
Figure 4.9-4 IP-Tel Routing Parameter
Index
Description
Calls from
Routing priority: 0-31, 0 is the highest priority.
its purpose is so you can identify theIP0->Tel routing with a
meaningful name
IP Trunk/SIP Server, any means any IP
Caller number Prefix, its length normally less or equal to caller
Caller Prefix
number, which helps to matching routing exactly. if caller number is
2001, the caller prefix can be 200 or 2. “any” means match any caller
number like “bob1”,”29801”
Called number Prefix, its length normally less or equal to
Callee Prefix
callednumber, which helps to matching routing exactly. if called
number is 008675526456659, the called prefix can be 0086755 or
00.,“any” means match any called number
Calls to
This call routing is routing to port or port group
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4.9.5 Tel-IP/Tel Routing
Figure 4.9-5 Tel-IP/Tel Parameters Configuration
Index
Routing priority :0-31, 0 is the highest priority.
Description
its purpose is so you can identify the routing
Calls From
Tel-IP call select port or port group
with a meaningful name
Caller number Prefix, its length normally less or equal to caller number,
Caller Prefix
which helps to matching routing exactly. if caller number is 2001, the caller
prefix can be 200 or 2. “any” means match any caller number like
“bob1”,”29801”
Called number Prefix, its length normally less or equal to called number,
Callee Prefix
which
helps
to
matching
routing
exactly.
if
called
number
is
008675526456659, the called prefix can be 0086755 or 00., “any” means
match any called number
Calls to
This call routing is routing to port, port group, IP trunk and SIP server.
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4.10 Manipulation Configuration
4.10.1 IP-Tel Callee
Figure 4.10-1 IP-Tel Callee number configuration
Description
IP-Tel manipulation name
Calls From
This call come from IP trunk or SIP server.
Caller number Prefix, its length normally less or equal to caller
Caller Prefix
number, which helps to matching routing exactly. if caller
number is 2001, the caller prefix can be 200 or 2. “any” means
match any caller number like “bob1”,”29801”
Called number Prefix, its length normally less or equal to called
Callee Prefix
number, which helps to matching routing exactly. if called
number is 008675526456659, the called prefix can be 0086755
or 00., “any” means match any called number
Calls to
This call routing is routing to port, port group
Stripped Digits from Left
Remove the called number digits from the left
Stripped Digits from Right
Remove the called number digits from the right
Prefix to Add
Add a number prefix
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Suffix to Add
Add a number suffix
Number of Digits to Leave from
Starting from the right to retain the called number digits
Right
4.10.2 Tel-IP Caller
Figure 4.10-2 Tel-IP Caller
Configuration parameters are the same with “IP->Tel Callee”.
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4.10.3 Tel-IP Callee
Figure 4.10-3 Tel-IPCallee
Configuration parameters are the same with “Tel->IP Caller”.
4.11 Maintenance
4.11.1 syslog Parameter
Syslog is a protocol used in (TCP/IP) network transmission of record of the standard file
information.
Syslog agreement belongs to a kind of master slave agreement: Syslog sender will sent a small
text information (less than 1024 bytes) to syslog the receiver. The receiver are: “syslogd”、
“syslog daemon” or syslog server. Syslog message can be transferred by TCP/UDP.
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Syslog level:
•
none
Used to misarrange
•
debug
Not including function conditions or the question of other information
•
notice
importance common conditions
•
warning
Early warning information
•
error
Stop error conditions of tools or some part of the realization of the function
subsystem
Figure 4.11-1 Syslog Parameter Configuration
Enable send CDR, and then send communication information to syslog server.
4.11.2 Firmware Upload
The process of firmware upload:
1)Click “Firmware Upload”
2) Browse files and choose the loading program (Name the file extension. ldf)
3) Click “Upload”, the upload process will last about 60s and device can automatically restart
after uploading.(The firmware update process don't shut off the power)
Figure 4.11-2 Firmware upload Configuration
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4.11.3 Data Backup
The process data backup:
1) Click “Data Backup”
2) Click “Backup” to backup data to PC.
Figure 4.11-3 Data Backup Interface
4.11.4 Data Restore
The processes of data restore:
1) Click “Data Restore”
2) Browse file, select data file.
3) Click “Restore” and then import successfully, the device will restart automatically.
Figure 4.11-4 Data Restore Interface
4.11.5 Ping Test
Send test data packets to IP, check each other whether have response and statistical
response time. It is ping. Used to test internet and analyzed network fault.
Application format:Ping IP address. It is used to check the network connectivity or network
connection speed command.
Pinginstructions:
1) Click “ping test”
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2) Fill IP address or domain connected, click start.
3) Received a message indicates that network connection normal, or network connected to a
fault.
Figure 4.11-5 Ping Parameter Interface
4.11.6 Tracert Test
Tracert is trace router and used to tracking routing.
Tracert sends a sequence of Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) echo request packets
addressed to a destination host. Determining the intermediate routers traversed involves
adjusting the time-to-live (TTL), aka hop limit, Internet Protocol parameter. Frequently starting
with a value like 128 (Windows) or 64 (Linux), routers decrement this and discard a packet
when the TTL value has reached zero, returning the ICMP error message ICMP Time Exceeded.
Tracert works by increasing the TTL value of each successive set of packets sent. The first set
of packets sent have a hop limit value of 1, expecting that they are not forwarded by the first
router. The next set have a hop limit value of 2, so that the second router will send the error
reply. This continues until the destination host receives the packets and returns an ICMP Echo
Reply message.
Trace route uses the returned ICMP messages to produce a list of hops (which usually consists
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of routers and layer 3 switches) that the packets have traversed. The timestamp values returned
for each router along the path are the delay (aka latency) values, typically measured in
milliseconds for each packet.
Tracert introduce:
1) Click tracert test.
2) Fill IP address or domain connected, click start.
Figure 4.11-6 Tracert Test Interface
4.11.7 Password Modification
Includes WEB username and password, Telenet username and password modify.
Note:Default web and telnet username and password is: admin, admin.
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Figure 4.11-7 Password Modification Interface
4.11.8 Factory Reset
Click “Apply” to restore the factory settings.
Figure 4.11-8 Factory Reset Interface
4.11.9 Device Restart
Click the “Save” button in the Configuration page to save the changes to the equipment
configuration. The following screen confirms that the changes are saved. If the changes need
restart, reboot or power cycle the equipment to make the changes take effect.
Figure 4.11-9 Device Restart
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5. Glossary
•
DNS:Domain Name System
•
SIP:Session Initiation Protocol
•
TCP:Transmission Control Protocol
•
UDP:User Datagram Protocol
•
RTP:Real Time Protocol
•
PPPOE:point-to-point protocol over Ethernet
•
VLAN:Virtual Local Area Network
•
ARP:AddressResolution Protocol
•
CID:Caller Identity
•
DND:Do NOT Disturb
•
DTMF:Dual Tone Multi Frequency
•
NTP:Network Time Protocol
•
DMZ:Demilitarized Zone
•
STUN:Simple Traversal of UDP over NAT
•
PSTN:Public Switched Telephone Network
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Dinstar Technologies Co., Ltd.
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