ZXDSL-531B ADSL Router User`s Manual

ZXDSL-531B ADSL Router User`s Manual
ZXDSL-531B ADSL Router
User’s Manual
Rev:01
2003/05/27
No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form by any means without the prior written permission. Other
trademarks or brand names mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.
2003/05/27
Rev:01
000300ies-rta
ii
ADSL Router User Manual
Safety Notes
For Installation
Use only the type of power source indicated on the marking labels.
Use only the power adapter supplied with the product.
Do not overload wall outlet or extension cords as this may increase the risk of electric shock or file. If the
power cord is frayed, replace it with a new one.
Proper ventilation is necessary to prevent the product overheating. Do not block or cover the slots and
openings on the device, which are intended for ventilation and proper operation. It is recommended to
mount the product with a stack.
Do not place the product near any source of heat or expose it to direct sunlight.
Do not expose the product to moisture. Never spill any liquid on the product.
Do not attempt to connect with any computer accessory or electronic product without instructions from
qualified service personnel. This may result in risk of electronic shock or file.
Do not place this product on an unstable stand or table.
For Using
Power off and unplug this product from the wall outlet when it is not in use or before cleaning. Pay
attention to the temperature of the power adapter. The temperature might be high.
After powering off the product, power on the product at least 15 seconds later.
Do not block the ventilating openings of this product.
When the product is expected to be not in use for a period of time, unplug the power cord of the product to
prevent it from the damage of storm or sudden increases in rating.
For Service
Do not attempt to disassemble or open covers of this unit by yourself. Nor should you attempt to service the product
yourself, which may void the user’s authority to operate it. Contact qualified service personnel under the following
conditions:
If the power cord or plug is damaged or frayed.
If liquid has been spilled into the product.
If the product has been exposed to rain or water.
If the product does not operate normally when the operating instructions are followed.
If the product has been dropped or the cabinet has been damaged.
If the product exhibits a distinct change in performance.
Warning
This equipment must be installed and operated in accordance with provided instructions and a minimum 20
cm spacing must be provided between computer mounted antenna and person’s body (excluding extremities
of hands, wrist and feet) during wireless modes of operation.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
Caution
Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void
the authority to operate equipment.
iii
Contents
Contents
Before You Use ..................................................................................................vi
Features.................................................................................................. vi
System Requirements .............................................................................. vii
Unpacking .............................................................................................. vii
Subscription for ADSL Service ...................................................................viii
Chapter 1: Overview .......................................................................................... 1
Physical Outlook ........................................................................................1
Front Panel......................................................................................1
Rear Panel.......................................................................................2
Chapter 2: Installation....................................................................................... 3
Choosing a place for the ADSL Router ..........................................................3
Connecting the ADSL Router .......................................................................3
Chapter 3: Connection Mode .............................................................................. 5
Bridge Mode .............................................................................................6
Router Mode .............................................................................................7
MER Mode ................................................................................................9
PPPoA + NAT Mode .................................................................................. 10
PPPoE + NAT Mode .................................................................................. 11
PPPoE Relay ............................................................................................ 12
Multiple PVCs Mode.................................................................................. 13
Chapter 4: Configuration ................................................................................. 15
Setting TCP/IP on Client PC ...................................................................... 15
For Windows 98 ............................................................................. 15
For Windows ME............................................................................. 18
For Windows NT ............................................................................. 20
For Windows 2000.......................................................................... 23
For Windows XP ............................................................................. 25
Configure PC to get IP address from DHCP.................................................. 26
For Windows 98 ............................................................................. 26
For Windows ME............................................................................. 27
For Windows NT ............................................................................. 27
For Windows 2000.......................................................................... 27
For Windows XP ............................................................................. 28
Renew IP Address on Client PC.................................................................. 29
For Windows 98 ............................................................................. 29
For Windows ME............................................................................. 29
For Windows NT ............................................................................. 30
For Windows 2000.......................................................................... 30
For Windows XP ............................................................................. 30
Chapter 5: Web Configuration.......................................................................... 32
iv
Contents
Using Web-Based Manager ....................................................................... 32
Outline of Web Manager.................................................................. 32
To Have the New Settings Take Effect............................................... 33
Quick start.............................................................................................. 33
System .................................................................................................. 34
Device Information......................................................................... 34
Administration ............................................................................... 34
Backup Configuration...................................................................... 36
Save Configuration ......................................................................... 36
Upgrade Software .......................................................................... 36
Reset Router ................................................................................. 37
Status .................................................................................................... 38
DSL Connection ............................................................................. 38
WAN Connection ............................................................................ 38
Traffic Counter............................................................................... 39
Routing Table ................................................................................ 39
DHCP Table ................................................................................... 39
Wireless Client ............................................................................... 39
Configuration .......................................................................................... 40
DSL Configuration .......................................................................... 40
LAN Configuration .......................................................................... 40
WLAN Configuration ....................................................................... 44
WAN Configuration ......................................................................... 46
IP Route........................................................................................ 48
DNS ............................................................................................. 49
Security ........................................................................................ 51
Virtual Server ................................................................................ 56
IGMP Proxy ................................................................................... 58
UPnP (Optional) ............................................................................. 59
Chapter 6: Troubleshooting ............................................................................. 62
Problems with LAN................................................................................... 62
Problems with WAN ................................................................................. 62
Problems with Upgrading .......................................................................... 63
Chapter 7: Glossary ......................................................................................... 66
Appendix: Specifications.................................................................................. 68
Software ....................................................................................... 68
Hardware ...................................................................................... 69
v
Before You Use
Before You Use
Thank you for choosing the Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) Router. With the asymmetric technology,
this device runs over standard copper phone lines and provides a downstream rate at up to 8 Mbps and upstream rate
at up to 1 Mbps. In addition, ADSL allows you to have both voice and data services in use simultaneously all over
one phone line.
Equipped with Ethernet LAN interface, this ADSL Router can be connected to a LAN or a single Ethernet-equipped
PC. A built-in dynamic host configuration protocol (DHCP) server automatically assigns IP addresses to PCs on the
LAN, and with Network Address Translation (NAT) these PCs can communicate with the outside world with only
one public IP. This ADSL Router provides an ideal Internet access solution for the corporate environment, the small
office and the home user.
Features
ADSL Compliance
For Annex A ADSL Router
ANSI T1.413 Issue 2
ITU G.992.1 Annex A (G.dmt)
ITU G.992.2 Annex A (G.lite)
ITU G.994.1 (G.hs)
ATM Features
Compliant to ATM Forum UNI 3.1 / 4.0 Permanent Virtual Circuits (PVCs)
Support up to 8 AAL5 Virtual Circuit Channels (VCCs) for UBR, CBR, VBR-rt, and VBR-nrt with traffic
shaping
TR-037 Auto PVC
*1
(auto-provisioning)
RFC1483 (RFC2684) LLC Encapsulation and VC Multiplexing over AAL5
RFC2364 Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) over AAL5
RFC2225 Classical IP and ARP over ATM
RFC2516 PPP over Ethernet: support Relay (Transparent Forwarding) and Client functions
OAM F4/F5 End-to-End/Segment Loopback Cells
Bridging Features
Supports self-learning bridge specified in IEEE 802.1D Transparent Bridging
Supports up to 4000 learning MAC addresses
Transparent bridging among 10/100 Mb Ethernet and 802.11b LAN interfaces
Routing Features
UPnP IGD
*2
(Internet Gateway Device) with NAT traversal capability support
NAT (Network Address Translation) / PAT (Port Address Translation) let multiple users on the LAN to access
the internet for the cost of only one IP address and enjoy various multimedia applications.
ALGs (Application Level Gateways): such as NetMeeting, FTP, Quick Time, mIRC, Real Player, CuSeeMe, etc.
Multiple Virtual Servers (e.g., Web, FTP, Mail servers) can be setup on user’s local network.
Static routes, RFC1058 RIPv1, RFC1723 RIPv2.
DNS Relay and DNS Server
*3
vi
Before You Use
ARP Proxy
Security Features
PAP (RFC1334), CHAP (RFC1994) for PPP session
Firewall support IP packets filtering based on IP address/Port number/Protocol type and TCP code field flags
Intrusion Detection provides protection from a number of attacks (such as SYN/FIN/RST Flood, Smurf,
WinNuke, Echo Scan, Xmas Tree Scan, etc)
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) encryption uses RC4 with 64/128 bit key length (for wireless ADSL router only)
Wireless LAN Features
Fully compatible to IEEE 802.11b standard and allow operating range up to 300 meters (open space) and 100
meters (indoor).
The Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS) technology is exploited.
Seamless roaming within the 802.11 and 802.11b wireless LAN infrastructure
Low power consumption via efficient power management
Configuration and Management
User-friendly embedded web configuration interface with password protection
Remote management accesses control
Telnet session for local or remote management
HTTP firmware upgrades via web browser GUI directly
Distribute IP addresses to end users via DHCP server provided by ADSL router
SNMPv1/v2c agent with MIB-II, PPP MIB, ADSL Line MIB.
Note:
*1 This is optional. TR-037 Autopvc provisioning can be provided on demand.
*2 This is optional. UPnP IGD and NAT Traversal function can be provided on demand.
*3 This is optional. DNS server can be provided on demand.
System Requirements
For using this, you have to make sure you have the following that installed on the clients:
For Ethernet Clients
Operating System must be Windows98/2000/NT/ME/XP
10/100 Base-T NIC
10/100 Base-T(UTP) network cable
A Hub
For Wireless Clients
Operating System must be Windows98/2000/NT/ME/XP
Wireless card installed
Wireless card driver
Unpacking
Check the contents of the package against the pack contents checklist below. If any of the items is missing, then
contact the dealer from whom the equipment was purchased.
ADSL Router
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ADSL Router User Manual
Power Adapter and Cord
RJ-11 ADSL Line Cable
RJ-45 Ethernet Cable
Quick Start Guide
Depending on the service type your vendor offers, you may be provide with the devices below:
Splitter (for G.dmt version)
Micro filter (for G.lite version)
Subscription for ADSL Service
To use the ADSL Router, you have to subscribe for ADSL service from your broadband service provider. According
to the service type you subscribe, you will get various IP addresses:
viii
Dynamic IP:
If you apply for dial-up connection, you will be given an Internet account with username and
password. You will get a dynamic IP by dialing up to your ISP.
Static IP address:
If you apply for full-time connectivity, you may get either one static IP address or a range of IP
addresses from your ISP. The number of IP addresses varies according to different ADSL
service provider.
Chapter 1: Overiew
Chapter 1: Overview
Physical Outlook
Front Panel
The following illustration shows the front panel of the ADSL Router:
LED Indicators
The ADSL Router is equipped with LEDs on the front panel as described in the table below (from left to right):
LED
Color
Status
Description
PWR
Green
Unlit
Power off.
Solid
Power on.
Unlit
Power off or initial self-test of the unit is OK.
Blinking
When software downloading or updating operation parameters located in FLASH memory
is in progress.
Solid
Initial self-test failure or programming FLASH memory failure.
Unlit
Power off or no Ethernet carrier is present.
Blinking
Ethernet carrier is present and user data is going through Ethernet port.
Solid
Ethernet carrier is present.
Unlit
Power off or no radio signal (WLAN card is not present or fails to function).
Blinking
Traffic is going through Wireless LAN interface.
Solid
Wireless LAN interface ready to work.
Unlit
Power off or ADSL line connection is handshaking or training is in progress.
Blinking
User data is going through ADSL port.
Solid
ADSL line connection is OK.
DIAG
LAN1
to
LAN4
WLAN
DSL
Green
Green
Green
Green
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ADSL Router User Manual
Rear Panel
The following figure illustrates the rear panel of your ADSL Router.
DSL:
RJ-11 connector
LAN:
Ethernet 10/100 Base-T auto-sensing
Reset:
Reset to factory settings
Console: Console connector
:
12VDC:
Power switch
Power connector
Note: The Router incorporates a four-port switch for connection to your local Ethernet
network. The Ethernet ports are marked LOCAL, and are capable of operation at either 10
Mbps (10 BASE-T) or 100 Mbps (100 BASE-Tx).
2
Chapter 2: Installation
Chapter 2: Installation
Choosing a place for the ADSL Router
1.
Place the ADSL Router close to ADSL wall outlet and power outlet for the cable to reach it easily.
2.
Avoid placing the device in places where people may walk on the cables. Also keep it away from direct
sunshine or heat sources.
3.
Place the device on a flat and stable stand.
Connecting the ADSL Router
Follow the steps below to connect the related devices.
1.
Remove the end of the phone line from your phone connector and plug it onto the “LINE” port of the POTS
Splitter. Use another phone line to connect your phone and splitter. Plug this phone line onto the “PHONE” port
of the ADSL splitter, and plug the other end of the line onto your phone.
2.
Use the line to connect the ADSL splitter (MODEM port) and router’s DSL port.
3.
Please attach one end of the Ethernet cable with RJ-45 connector to the LAN port of your ADSL Router.
4.
Connect the other end of the cable to the Ethernet port of the client PC.
5.
If you want to connect to a hub for used by many devices, please connect the other end to the uplink port of the
hub.
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ADSL Router User Manual
10/100BaseT Ethernet Hub
6.
Connect the supplied power adapter to the PWR port of your ADSL Router, and plug the other end to a power
outlet.
7.
Turn on the power switch.
Note:
For Full Rate (G.dmt) standard, a POTS Splitter is necessary on subscriber’s premise to keep
the telephone and ADSL signals separated, giving them the capability to provide
simultaneous Internet access and telephone service on the same line. To connect a POTS
Splitter:
1. Connect the port Phone to your telephone.
2. Connect the port Modem to your ADSL Router.
3. Connect the port Line to the ADSL wall jack.
4
Chapter 3: Connection Mode
Chapter 3: Connection Mode
Prior to configuring the ADSL Router, you must decide whether to configure the ADSL Router as a bridge or as a
router. This chapter presents some deployment examples for your reference. Each mode includes its general configure
procedures. For more detailed information about web configuration, refer to "Web Configuration".
Bridge Mode
Router Mode
MER Mode
PPPoA+ NAT Mode
PPPoE + NAT Mode
Multiple PVCs Mode
For making sure that you can connect the ADSL to your computer well and get into Internet successfully, please
make sure the following first.
1. Make sure you have installed a network interface card onto your computer.
2. Make sure the connection between the ADSL and your computer is OK.
3. Check to see the TCP/IP protocol and set the IP address as “Auto Get IP Address”.
When you are sure all above is Ok, you can open the Browser and type in “192.168.100.100” and start to do the web
configuration with different connection modes.
This chapter is going to introduce the function of each connection mode and tell you the basic configuring steps that
you have to do. If you did not follow the configuring steps for using these connection modes, you might get some
connection problems and cannot connect to Internet well.
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ADSL Router User Manual
Bridge Mode
PC(s)
Default Private IP
192.168.100.100
Bridge
Mode
Hub
STM-1
Loop
ISP
PPPoE
Client S/W
ADSL
Router
DSLAM
Public IP assigned
by BRAS
BRAS
AAA
RADIUS
Server
PPP over Ethernet
BRAS Broadband Remote Access Server
Description:
In this example, the ADSL Router acts as a bridge which bridging PC IP address from LAN to WAN. PC IP address
can be a static public address that is pre-assigned by ISP or a dynamic public address that is assigned by ISP DHCP
server, or can be got from PPPoE software.
Therefore, it does not require a public IP address. It only has a default private IP address (192.168.100.100) for
management purpose.
Configuration:
1. Choose a client PC and set the IP as 192.168.100.x (x is between 2 and 254) and the gateway as
192.168.100.100.
6
2.
Start up your browser and type 192.168.100.100 as the address to enter the web-based manager.
3.
Go to Configuration >WAN Configuration > Create a New PVC and select the Data Mode –RFC1483
Bridged. Then click Next button.
4.
Enter the VPI/VCI values provided by your ISP and select the encapsulation type as LLC/SNAP or VC MUX.
Then click Apply.
5.
Save the configuration from System >Save Configuration and System >Restart to restart your router for
initiating these settings.
Chapter 3: Connection Mode
Router Mode
Default Private IP
192.168.100.100 for
Management
ADSL
Router
Hub
Loop
STM-1
ISP
PC(s)
Public IP(s)
Pre-assigned
by ISP (+ NAT)
Κ
DSLAM
BRAS
AAA
IP over ATM
RADIUS
Server
BRAS Broadband Remote Access Server
Description:
In this deployment environment, we make up a private IP network of 192.168.100.100. NAT function is enabled (on
ADSL Router or use another NAT box connected to hub) to support multiple clients to access the Router and some
public servers (WWW, FTP).
If you apply for multiple IP addresses from your ISP, you can assign these public IP addresses to the ADSL Router
and public server, e.g., Web or FTP server. Typically the first IP is network address, the second is used as router IP
address and the last one is subnet broadcasting. Other remaining IP addresses can be assigned to PCs on the LAN.
For example: You are given the IP addresses 10.251.2.0 ~ 10.251.2.7. Then:
10.251.2.0 is network IP address
10.251.2.1 is assigned to router IP address.
10.251.2.7 is subnet broadcasting
10.251.2.2~10.251.2.6 can be assigned to public servers on the LAN.
Configuration:
1. Start up your browser and type 192.168.100.100 as the address to enter this ADSL web-based manager.
2.
Go to Configuration > WAN Configuration > Create a new PVC. and select the Data Mode –RFC1483
Routed. Then click Next button.
3.
Enter the VPI/VCI values provided by your ISP and select the encapsulation type as LLC/SNAP or VC MUX.
Then click Apply.
4.
Set IP configuration for Local WAN IP Address. Choose Specify an IP Address item. Please set as the
following example,
IP Address: 10.3.80.105(should be the one that you get from ISP)
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.248(should be the one that you get from ISP)
Check on Enable NAT on this interface and click Apply.
5.
Go to Configuration > LAN Configuration and set as the following
Primary IP: 192.168.100.100, Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
Secondary IP: 10.3.80.105, Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.248
(should be the one that you get from ISP)
Then click Apply.
6.
Go to Configuration > IP Route and click Create a New Route to add a new route.
Destination Address:
leave default
Netmask:
leave default
Forward packets to:
Interface
Then click Apply.
7.
Go to Configuration > DNS and enable DNS Relay setting and click Next. On the DNS Relay web page, enter
the DNS Server IP address, for example 168.95.1.1 (you should get this value from your ISP).
8.
Save the configuration from System >Save Configuration and System >Restart to restart your router for
initiating these settings.
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ADSL Router User Manual
9.
Then you have set the web configuration successfully. And you can surf on the Internet.
Note:
If you have multiple PCs on the LAN, you may enable DHCP function on the private or public
IP address. The ADSL Router implements a built-in DHCP server, which assigns IP addresses
to the clients PCs on the LAN.
8
Chapter 3: Connection Mode
MER Mode
PC(s)
Default Private IP
192.168.100.100
MER
Mode
STM-1
Loop
ISP
S/W
ADSL
Router
DSLAM
BRAS
Public IP assigned
by BRAS
AAA
RADIUS
Server
MER
BRAS: Broadband Remote Access Server
Description:
In this deployment environment, we make up a private IP network of 192.168.100.100. NAT function is enabled to
support multiple clients to access Internet.
In this example, the ADSL Router acts as NAT device which translate a private IP address into a public address.
Therefore multiple users can share with one public IP address to access Internet through this router. The public
address can be a static public address that is pre-assigned by ISP or a dynamic public address that is assigned by ISP
DHCP server.
Configuration:
1. Start up your browser and type 192.168.100.100 as the address to enter this ADSL web-based manager.
2.
Go to Configuration > WAN Configuration > Create a new PVC. and select the Data Mode –RFC1483
MER. Then click Next button.
3.
Enter the VPI/VCI values provided by your ISP and select the encapsulation type as LLC/SNAP or VC MUX.
Then click Apply.
4.
Set IP configuration for Local WAN IP Address. Choose Specify an IP Address item. Please set as the
following example,
IP Address: 10.3.86.105 (should be the one that you get from ISP)
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0 (should be the one that you get from ISP)
5.
Go to Configuration > IP Route and click Create a new route to add a new route. Configure the settings as
the following example,
Destination Address:
leave default
Netmask:
leave default
Forward packets to:
Gateway Address: 10.3.86.1 (you should get this value from your ISP)
Then click Apply.
6.
Go to Configuration > DNS and enable DNS Relay setting and click Next. On the DNS Relay web page, enter
the DNS Server IP address, for example 168.95.1.1 (you should get this value from your ISP).
7.
Save the configuration from System >Save Configuration and System >Restart to restart your router for
initiating these settings.
8.
Then you have set the web configuration successfully. And you can surf on the Internet.
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ADSL Router User Manual
PPPoA + NAT Mode
Default Private IP Dynamic Public IP
92.168.100.3 192.168.100.100 assigned by BRAS
Hub
ADSL
Router
Loop
STM-1
ISP
Ethernet
PPP + NAT +
DHCP on
Private LAN
DSLAM
BRAS
AAA
PC(s)
192.168.100.2
PPP over ATM
RADIUS
Server
BRAS: Broadband Remote Access Server
Description:
In this deployment environment, the PPPoA session is between the ADSL WAN interface and BRAS. The ADSL
Router gets a public IP address from BRAS when connecting to DSLAM. The multiple client PCs will get private IP
address from the DHCP server enabled on private LAN. The enabled NAT mechanism will translate the IP
information for clients to access the Internet.
Configuration:
1. Start up your browser and type 192.168.100.100 as the address to enter this ADSL web-based manager.
10
2.
Go to Configuration > WAN Configuration > Create a new PVC and select the Data Mode – PPPoA. Then
click Next button.
3.
Enter the VPI/VCI values provided by your ISP and select the encapsulation type as LLC/SNAP or VC MUX.
4.
Fill in the User Name and Password (you should get from ISP). Check on Enable NAT on this interface and
click Apply.
5.
Go to Configuration > DNS and enable DNS Relay setting and click Next. On the DNS Relay web page, enter
the DNS Server IP address, for example 168.95.1.1 (you should get this value from your ISP).
6.
Save the configuration by execute System >Save and System >Restart to restart your router for initiating these
settings.
Chapter 3: Connection Mode
PPPoE + NAT Mode
Default Private IP
192.168.100.3 192.168.100.100
Hub
ADSL
Router
Loop
STM-1
ISP
Ethernet
PC(s)
192.168.100.2
PPPoE + NAT +
DHCP on
Private LAN
DSLAM
BRAS
PPP over Ethernet
AAA
RADIUS
Server
BRAS: Broadband Remote Access Server
Description:
In this deployment environment, the PPPoE session is between the ADSL WAN interface and BRAS. The ADSL
Router gets a public IP address from BRAS when connecting to DSLAM. The multiple client PCs will get private IP
address from the DHCP server enabled on private LAN. The enabled NAT mechanism will translate the IP
information for clients to access the Internet.
Configuration:
1. Start up your browser and type 192.168.100.100 as the address to enter this ADSL web-based manager.
2.
Go to Configuration > WAN Configuration > Create a new PVC and select the Data Mode – PPPoE. Then
click Next button.
3.
Enter the VPI/VCI values provided by your ISP and select the encapsulation type as LLC/SNAP or VC MUX.
4.
Fill in the User Name and Password (you should get from ISP). Check on Enable NAT on this interface and
click Apply.
5.
Go to Configuration > DNS and enable DNS Relay setting and click Next. On the DNS Relay web page, enter
the DNS Server IP address, for example 168.95.1.1 (you should get this value from your ISP).
6.
Save the configuration by execute System >Save and System >Restart to restart your router for initiating these
settings.
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ADSL Router User Manual
PPPoE Relay
PC(s)
Default Private IP
192.168.100.100
Hub
Bridge
Mode
STM-1
Loop
ISP
PPPoE
Client S/W
ADSL
Router
DSLAM
BRAS
AAA
RADIUS
Server
PPP over Ethernet
BRAS: Broadband Remote Access Server
Description:
In this example, the ADSL Router acts as a bridge which bridging PC IP address from LAN to WAN. Client PCs on
the LAN should be equipped with PPPoE software to get public IP address from BRAS.
That is to say, the router does not require a public IP address. It only has a default private IP address
(192.168.100.100) for management purpose.
Configuration:
1. Choose a client PC and set the IP as 192.168.100.x (x is between 2 and 254) and the gateway as
192.168.100.100. Or enter the IP address that came from the ISP DHCP server of the Router.
12
2.
Start up your browser and type 192.168.100.100 as the address to enter the web-based manager.
3.
Go to Configuration >WAN Configuration > Create a New PVC and select the Data Mode –RFC1483
Bridged. Then click Next button.
4.
Enter the VPI/VCI values provided by your ISP and select the encapsulation type as LLC/SNAP or VC MUX.
Then click Apply.
5.
Save the configuration from System >Save Configuration and System >Restart to restart your router for
initiating these settings.
6.
Run Windows PPPoE client application. Fill in the User Name and Password (you should get from ISP).
7.
Click Connect.
Chapter 3: Connection Mode
Multiple PVCs Mode
128.12.0.0
ISP a
Hub
ADSL
Router
Service
Aggregator
(PPPoE)
PVC2
PVC2b
Loop
PVC1
(IPoA)
STM-1
PVC1a
ISP b
140.196.0.0
DSLAM
PC(s)
Public IP(s)
Pre-assigned by ISPs
RADIUS
Server
Description:
As this ADSL Router supports multiple PVCs in the ADSL loop, you are allowed to configure several logical
channels in one physical loop. You can use mixed encapsulation types by applying them to different PVCs. When the
system starts up, it will connect to CO site through the PVCs according to the sequence they are created. Therefore
the default route will be the last PVC you created. You can also modify the default route manually from the IPRoute
page.
The traffic from CPE side will be sent to different PVCs according to the routing rules.
Configuration:
1. Start up your browser and type 192.168.100.100 as the address to enter this ADSL web-based manager.
2.
Create the first PVC (e.g. PVC1) using the RFC1483 data mode.
Refer to the section of “Router Mode” for details.
3.
Create the second PVC (e.g.PVC2) using the PPPoE data mode. Refer to the section of
Mode” for details.
4.
Save the configuration by execute System >Save and System >Restart to restart your router for initiating these
settings.
“PPPoE + NAT
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ADSL Router User Manual
14
Chapter 4:Configuration
Chapter 4: Configuration
In order to access the Internet through the router, each host on your network must install/setup TCP/IP. Please follow
the steps below for select a network adapter.
Setting TCP/IP on Client PC
To access the ADSL Router via Ethernet, the host computer must meet the following requirements:
With Ethernet network interface.
Must have TCP/IP installed.
Set client PC with obtain an IP address automatically or set fix IP address.
With a web browser installed: Internet Explorer 5.x or later.
The ADSL Router is configured with the default IP address of 192.168.100.100 and subnet mask of
255.255.255.0. As the DHCP server is Enable by default, The DHCP clients should be able to
access the ADSL Router. Or you could assign an IP address to the host PC first for initial configuration.
You also can manage the ADSL Router through a web browser-based manager: ADSL ROUTER CONTROL
PANEL. The ADSL Router manager uses the HTTP protocol via a web browser to allow you to set up and manage
the device.
To configure the device via web browser, at least one properly-configured PC must be connected to the network
(either connected directly or through an external hub/switch to the LAN port of the device).
If TCP/IP is not already installed, follow the steps below for installation.
For Windows 98
1.
Click on the Start menu, point to Settings and click on Control Panel.
2.
Double-click the Network icon.
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ADSL Router User Manual
3.
The Network window appears. On the Configuration tab, check out the list of installed network components.
Option 1: If you have no TCP/IP protocol, click Add.
Option 2: If you have TCP/IP protocol, go to Step 6.
Your network
interface card.
Check out if TCP/IP
for your NIC is
installed or not.
4.
16
Highlight Protocol and click Add.
Chapter 4:Configuration
5.
On the left side of the windows, highlight Microsoft and then select TCP/IP on the right side. Then click OK.
6.
When returning to Network window, highlight TCP/IP protocol for your NIC and click Properties.
7.
On IP Address tab:
Enable Specify an IP address option. Enter the IP Address: 192.168.10000.x (x is between 2 and 254) and
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0 as in figure below. On Gateway tab: Add a gateway IP address: 192.168.100.100.
8.
When returning to Network window, click OK.
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ADSL Router User Manual
9.
Wait for Windows copying files.
10. When prompted with System Settings Change dialog box, click Yes to restart your computer.
For Windows ME
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
18
Click on the Start menu, point to Settings and click on Control Panel.
Double-click the Network icon.
The Network window appears. On the Configuration tab, check out the list of installed network
components.
Option 1: If you have no TCP/IP protocol, click Add.
Option 2: If you have TCP/IP protocol, go to Step 6.
Highlight Protocol and click Add.
On the left side of the windows, highlight Microsoft and then select TCP/IP on the right side. Then click
OK.
While returning to Network window, highlight TCP/IP protocol for your NIC and click Properties.
Chapter 4:Configuration
7.
On the IP Address tab, select Specify an IP address. Enter the IP address: 192.168.100.x (x is between 2
and 254), Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0 and Default gateway: 192.168.100.100. Then click OK.
8.
9.
10.
While returning to the Network window, click OK.
Wait for Windows copying files.
When prompted with the System Settings Change dialog box, click Yes to restart your computer.
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ADSL Router User Manual
For Windows NT
1.
Click Start, point to Settings, and then click Control Panel.
2.
Double-click the Network icon.
3.
The Network window appears. On the Protocols tab, check out the list of installed network components.
Option 1: If you have no TCP/IP Protocol, click Add.
Option 2: If you have TCP/IP Protocol installed, go to Step 7.
4.
20
Highlight TCP/IP Protocol and click OK.
Chapter 4:Configuration
5.
Click Yes to use DHCP.
6.
Insert the Windows NT CD into your CD-ROM drive and type the location of the CD. Then click Continue.
7.
Returning to the Network window, you will find the TCP/IP Protocol among the list. Select TCP/IP Protocol
and click Properties.
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ADSL Router User Manual
8.
Enable Specify an IP address option. Enter the IP Address: 192.168.100.x (x is between 2 and 254) and
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0 and Default Gateway: 192.168.100.100 as in figure below.
9.
When returning to Network window, click Close.
10. When prompted with Network Settings Change dialog box, click Yes to restart your computer.
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Chapter 4:Configuration
For Windows 2000
1.
From the Start menu, point to Settings and then click Network and Dial-up Connections.
2.
Right-click the Local Area Connection icon and then click Properties.
3.
On the General tab, check out the list of installed network components.
Option 1: If you have no TCP/IP Protocol, click Install.
Option 2: If you have TCP/IP Protocol, go to Step 6.
4.
Highlight Protocol and then click Add.
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ADSL Router User Manual
24
5.
Click Internet Protocol(TCP/IP) and then click OK.
6.
When returning to Local Area Connection Properties window, highlight Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and then
click Properties.
7.
Under the General tab, enable Use the following IP Address. Enter the IP address: 192.168.100.x (x is
between 2 and 254), Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0 and Default gateway: 192.168.100.100. Then click OK.
When prompted to restart your computer, reboot it to enable the settings.
Chapter 4:Configuration
!
For Windows XP
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
From the Start menu, point to Control Panel and then click Network and Internet Connections.
Click Network Connection and then click Properties.
On the General tab, check out the list of installed network components.
Option 1: If you have no TCP/IP Protocol, click Install.
Option 2: If you have TCP/IP Protocol, go to Step 6.
Highlight Protocol and then click Add.
Click Internet Protocol(TCP/IP) and then click OK.
On the Local Area Connection Properties window, highlight Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and then click
Properties.
Under the General tab, enable Use the following IP address. Enter the IP address: 192.168.100.x (x is
between 2 and 254), Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0 and Default gateway: 192.168.100.100. Then click Ok.
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ADSL Router User Manual
Configure PC to get IP address from DHCP
If your ADSL Router operates as a DHCP server for the client PCs on the LAN, you should configure the client PCs
to obtain a dynamic IP address. Please follow the previous section to install TCP/IP component. Only that you do not
need to specify an IP address when configuring TCP/IP properties.
The following section describe the procedures for CPEs to get IP address:
For Windows 98
On the IP Address tab, select Obtain an IP address automatically. Then click OK.
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Chapter 4:Configuration
For Windows ME
On the IP Address tab, select Obtain an IP address automatically. Then click OK.
For Windows NT
On the IP Address tab, click on the drop-down arrow of Adapter to select required adapter. Enable Obtain an IP
address from a DHCP server and then click OK.
When prompted with the message below, click Yes to continue.
For Windows 2000
Enable Obtain an IP address automatically and then click OK.
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ADSL Router User Manual
For Windows XP
On the IP Address tab, select Obtain an IP address automatically. Then click OK.
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Chapter 4:Configuration
Renew IP Address on Client PC
There is a chance that your PC does not renew its IP address after the ADSL Router is on line and the PC can not
access the Internet. Please follow the procedures below to renew PC’s IP address.
For Windows 98
1.
Select Run from the Start menu.
2.
Type winipcfg in the dialog box and the click OK.
3.
When the figure below appears, click Release and then Renew to get an IP address.
For Windows ME
1.
2.
Select Run from the Start menu.
Type winipcfg in the dialog box and the click OK.
3.
When the figure below appears, click Release and then Renew to get an IP address.
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ADSL Router User Manual
For Windows NT
1.
Select Run from the Start menu.
2.
Type cmd in the dialog box and the click OK.
3.
Type ipconfig at prompt. Then you will see the IP information from DHCP server.
4.
If you want to get a new IP address, type ipconfig /release to release the previous IP address and then
type ipconfig /renew to get a new one.
For Windows 2000
1.
From the Start menu, point to Programs, Accessories and then click Command Prompt.
2.
Type ipconfig at prompt. Then you will see the IP information from DHCP server.
3.
If you want to get a new IP address, type ipconfig /release to release the previous IP address and then
type ipconfig /renew to get a new one.
For Windows XP
30
1.
2.
From the Start menu, point to Programs, Accessories and then click Command Prompt.
Type ipconfig at prompt. Then you will see the IP information from DHCP server.
3.
If you want to get a new IP address, type ipconfig/release to release the previous IP address and then
type ipconfig/renew to get a new one.
Chapter 4:Configuration
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Chapter 5: Web Configuration
Chapter 5: Web Configuration
Using Web-Based Manager
Once your host PC is properly configured, please proceed as follows:
1.
Start your web browser and type the private IP address of the ADSL Router in the URL field: 192.168.100.100.
2.
After connecting to the device, you will be prompted to enter username and password. By default, the username
is admin and the password is admin. See the following example for running under Windows XP.
If you login successfully, the main page of ADSL ROUTER-CONTROL PANEL appears. From now on the ADSL
Router acts as a web server sending HTML pages/forms on your request. You can fill in these pages/forms and apply
them to the ADSL Router.
Outline of Web Manager
The home page is composed of 3 areas:
Title:
It indicates the title of this management interface.
Main Menu: Includes Quick start, System, Status, and Configuration.
Quick Start: Allows you to select some pre-defined profile to have basic configuration.
System: The system menu includes the sub-menus of Device Info, Administration, Backup
Configuration, Save Configuration, Upgrade Firmware and Reset Router.
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Chapter 5: Web Configuration
Status: Displays the current status of the ADSL Router, including DSL Connection, WAN
Connection, Traffic Counter, Routing Table, DHCP Table and Wireless Clent.
Configuration: It displays the configuration categories of the ADSL Router, including DSL, LAN,
WLAN, WAN, IP Route, DNS, Security, Virtual Server, IGMP Proxy and UPnP settings.
You can move the mouse cursor over the sub-menu to display the hierarchy popup menu. Clicking
on each of the item will bring out its content in main window accordingly.
Main Window: It is the current workspace of the web management, containing configuration or status
information.
To Have the New Settings Take Effect
The ADSL Router uses the following mechanism to enable new settings:
Apply button.
When Apply is clicked, your customizations will only be stored to the DRAM. If you do not execute Save &
Restart, the customizations will not take effect for rebooting the ADSL Router next time.
Save & Restart button.
When Save is clicked, your customizations will be saved to the flash memory. After clicking Restart, your
customizations take effect.
Quick start
On this page you can select the VPI/VCI value for the connection mode you use. Execute Apply and Save to change
and save the configuration.
Please use the drop-down menu to the right side and select the one which suits for your system. Then click on Apply
and Save to show the selected profile data. Different connection modes have different connection result. See the
following for reference.
If you want block the connection, just click the Action mode—Disconnect button. If you choose any one of RFC
series profiles, there is no Connect button on the Action mode. In addition, you can click on the item below VPI/VCI
to show/modify the more detail configurations.
On this home page, you are allowed to change Username and Password for default PPPoE mode.
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ADSL Router User Manual
User Name:
The name put here is the one that you set on the WAN Configuration web page.
Password:
The password put here is the one that you set on the WAN Configuration web page.
Connect and Save:
Please click this button to make the PPP connection enabled.
System
Device Information
This page shows the basic information of your ADSL Router, including the hardware board and software version, etc.
It provides a general overview of your ADSL Router.
Administration
There are three types of administration, Account, Remote Access and Web Port.
Account
It limits this web-based manager access to users with the correct user name and password. After entering user name
& password, click Apply. By default, both the user name and password values are admin.
To change the user account, type in the new user name, new password and retype the new password on the Confirm
Password box. Last, click Apply to finish changing.
After clicking Apply to change the user name and password, the new setting takes effect immediately. When you
continue to access other pages, you will be prompted to re-login with new user name and password immediately.
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Chapter 5: Web Configuration
To save the new settings to flash memory and take effect next time your reboot the ADSL Router, after clicking
Apply, you should perform the task of Save Configuration.
Remote Management
This function allows remote client to access this router from WAN side. You can set the lease time and click Enable
to enable this setting. Please click the first radio button and type in the duration time on the box or click on the
second radio button to choose unlimited time.
To disable this function, just click Disable.
Web Port
The default web server port is 80. You can change the web server port to another one and then click Apply to enable
this setting.
Note: Clicking Apply will enable the new setting right away. When you continue to access
other pages, you will need to re-login at new web port.
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ADSL Router User Manual
Backup Configuration
This web page allows you to backup the configuration settings to your computer for retrieving next time. Click on
Backup button to backup your configuration to your hard disk.
In addition, to retrieve the saved configuration and use again, use Browse to locate the backup configuration file.
After selecting the desired file, please click Restore to use it for current web page.
Save Configuration
This page allows you to save all current configuration settings to non-volatile memory. Please wait for several
seconds to complete this process.
Upgrade Software
The ADSL Router supports the upgrading by using HTTP. To transfer the firmware file, follow the steps below:
36
1.
Download and unzip the new software file from vendor.
2.
In the File Name of Firmware field, click Browse to locate the upgrade files.
3.
Click the Upgrade button.
Chapter 5: Web Configuration
After upgrading, the original configuration will still exist and not reset to the factory defaults.
Reset Router
This page allows you to restart your router for invoking new configuration. After restarting, you should wait for
several seconds to let the system come up. When restarting the system, your brower session will be disconnected.
Please wait until the device finish restarting.
Note: If Reset to factory default settings is checked, the settings will return to factory
defaults, including the Username and Password.
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ADSL Router User Manual
Status
DSL Connection
This page shows the DSL line connection status as below:
Line Mode:
The ADSL Router supports multi-mode standard.
DS (Downstream)/US (Upstream) Speed: The downstream/upstream speed of the DSL line.
DS/US Latency: Displays whether a fast or interleaved latency path is specified.
Trellis coding:
Indicates trellis coding is enabled or disabled. Trellis coding is a method of providing better
performance in a noisy environment. It helps to transmit at faster line rates with lower error rates,
thus providing a faster overall throughput in a moderately noisy environment.
Line Attenuation: Indicates the signal attenuation caused by line length. It increases with line length and frequency
and decreases as wire diameter increases.
Noise Margin:
Signal to noise ratio. The ratio of good data (signal) to bad (noise) on the line that is expressed in
decibels (dB).
Loss of Signal /Frame: Indicates the loss of signals or frames detected.
CRC Error:
Cyclic Redundancy Checksum generated.
Line Up Count: The number of times that you connect to.
Line Up Time:
The duration time of the line connecting.
Error Second:
The accumulated seconds of the seconds during which packet error message occur.
System Up Time: The time from system startup.
WAN Connection
This page shows all the ATM PVC interfaces you defined. For each ATM PVC interface, it shows the parameter you
defined for ATM PVC name, VPI/VCI values, Mode, Encapsulation Type and Local WAN IP address.
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Chapter 5: Web Configuration
Traffic Counter
This page shows the records of data going through the LAN and WAN interface. For each interface, cumulative totals
are displayed for Sent/Received Packets and Sent/Received Bytes.
By clicking Refresh, all the records will be reset.
Routing Table
This page shows all the routing rules of data packets going through your ADSL Router if it runs in routing mode. By
clicking Refresh, all the records will be reset.
DHCP Table
This page shows all DHCP clients who get their IP addresses from your ADSL Router. For each DHCP client, it
shows the Host Name, MAC Address, IP Address and the Lease Time.
Wireless Client
This page shows wireless clients that associated to the router. For each client, it shows the MAC Address and the
On-Line Time.
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ADSL Router User Manual
Configuration
DSL Configuration
DSL Line Mode: The ADSL Router supports multi-mode standard: Auto, G.lite, G.dmt and ANSI T1.413. Choose
an appropriate line mode according to the setting of DSLAM in central office and then click Apply.
The DSL line mode you specify will be applied to the entire ADSL Router unit. All ATM PVC profiles created will
use the same line mode. Consult your ISP to find out which option applies to your DSL line.
LAN Configuration
For the LAN Configuration, there are two types that you have to know, IP Address and DHCP Server.
IP Address
LAN Configuration allows you to define the public/private IP address over the LAN interface.
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Chapter 5: Web Configuration
Primary IP Address: Private IP address is used for the purpose of system management. When it is assigned, PC on
the LAN is able to use the specified address to access this ADSL Router through Ethernet.
By default, the IP address and subnet mask is 192.168.100.100 and 255.255.255.0 respectively.
This will give you an available range of IP addresses from 192.168.100.2 to 192.168.100.254
that can be assigned to PCs on the LAN.
Secondary IP Address: If you applied for multiple IP address from your ISP, you will have a range of IP address for
the ADSL Router and other network devices on the LAN. You can fill in the IP address
assigned by ISP in the public IP address field.
DHCP Server
This page allows you to enable DHCP server on LAN interface and then your router can assign IP addresses to those
PCs connected to your router.
The ADSL Router implements a built-in DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) server, which dynamically
assigns IP addresses and DNS server to the PCs on the LAN. DHCP function spares you the hassle of manually
assigning a fixed IP address to each PC on the LAN. It is probably you already have a DHCP server on your network
and you do not enable this function. By default the DHCP Server is enabled on private LAN interface
(192.168.100.0).
Choose the Enabled radio button and click Configure to get advanced settings. Enter the requiring information and
click Apply to invoke the configurations that you set. Below is the web page for setting DHCP server.
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ADSL Router User Manual
Interface:
Select the interface for the connection of DHCP server. The default one is Primary LAN.
Start IP Address:
Decides the start point of the IP range for this connection.
End IP Address:
Decides the end point of the IP range for this connection.
DHCP lease time:
Type in the time that a network device can lease a private IP address before the ADSL Router
reassigning the IP address.
Report this host as the default gateway: Check this box to enable this function.
Default Gateway:
You check the Report this host as the default gateway box to use this host as the default
gateway or fill in an IP address as the default gateway.
Report this host as DNS server: Check this box to enable this function.
Primary DNS server address: Type in the first DNS server address that you get from your ISP.
Secondary DNS server address: Type in the second DNS server address that you get from your ISP.
Domain Name Servers: You can check the Report this host as the DNS server box to use this host as the default
DNS. Or you can uncheck the box and manually set up the DNS IP address in the
Primary/Secondary DNS IP address fields. The DNS server addresses will be passed to the
DHCP clients along with the IP addresses. The DHCP clients use the DNS to map a domain
name to its corresponding IP address and vice versa.
Configuration for Relay Agent
If you want the DHCP server to have the function of relay, please set the Relay Agent for the server. Click the Relay
Agent button from the DHCP Server page to get advanced settings. Please enter the IP address for the DHCP Server
and click Apply to invoke the configurations.
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ADSL Router User Manual
WLAN Configuration
This setting is available for wireless router only.
This section shows you how to configure the wireless LAN setting. To types are provided here, Basic Setup and
Association Control.
Basic Setup
Wireless SSID (Service Set Identity): A name that uniquely identifies a wireless domain. All wireless clients that
want to communicate with the ADSL Router must have the same SSID as it.
Frequency Domain:
The frequency in which the radio links are about to be established.
Desired Channel:
The frequency in which the radio links are about to be established. Select channel that you
want. Usually the wireless clients will scan the whole operable channels and then select the
desired communications channel automatically.
Authentication Type: The ADSL Router supports three authentication types: Open System, Shared key and Auto.
This should be considered with the WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) mechanism.
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Chapter 5: Web Configuration
Wired Equivalent Privacy Mechanism
The privacy security function can enhance wireless media security by encryption technology. All wireless clients
must set the same encryption key to maintain the tightened communication with the ADSL Router properly. The
Authenticate Algorithm options are:
When the wired Equivalent Privacy Mechanism is Turns off. Using Open-key as authentication algorithm, you are
running the risk of allowing some unauthorized wireless LAN cards that have the capability of eavesdropping your
SSID to associate itself to the device.
Turns on encryption. Wired Equivalent Privacy Mechanism is Turns on. You should select the encryption key length
as 64 or 128 bit key. Then enter the encryption key in Key Entry fields.
Note: When Wired Equivalent Privacy Mechanism is enabled, the wireless client must be
configured with exactly the same encryption level (64 or 128-bit) and encryption key as
identified in the ADSL Router, so that access to the unit is allowed.
In addition, you can press the Generate button to use the passcode for generating WEP keys.
Association Control
You can enable this control to associate to your router with other wireless clients. Select Enabled and enter the MAC
address on the Client’s MAC Address box. Then click Apply.
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ADSL Router User Manual
WAN Configuration
The ADSL Router supports for Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) over ADSL. To set up connections over the
WAN, you have to define ATM PVC interface for each remote connection. On this page, you can create, modify and
delete PVC interface.
You can select an existing ATM PVC interface and click Modify to edit its parameters or click Delete if you want to
delete it.
To add a new PVC interface, click Create a new PVC and follow these steps:
46
1.
Select one of connection type in the Data Mode (RFC1483 Bridged, RFC1483 Routed, RFC1483 MER, PPPoA
or PPPoE) and click Next.
2.
Fill in the VPI/VCI values and select ATM Service Type, Encapsulation Type and PCR.
3.
Click Apply.
4.
At RFC1483 Routed, RFC1483 MER and PPP mode Configuration, you can select Specify an IP address or
Server assigned IP address.
Chapter 5: Web Configuration
5.
Unless your ATM PVC is set on RFC1483 Bridged mode, you can check NAT box to enable NAT function.
6.
If you are using PPP configuration mode, you need to fill in the user name and password and you can set the
PPP session to Dial on demand or Always on mode.
Parameter Description
The parameters are described as below:
VPI (Virtual Path Identifier): Identifies the virtual path between endpoints in an ATM network. The valid range is
from 0 to 255.
VCI (Virtual Channel Identifier): Identifies the virtual channel endpoints in an ATM network. The valid range is
from 32 to 4095 (1 to 31 is reserved for well-known protocols).
ATM Service Type:
Currently, the ADSL Router supports the UBR (Unspecified Bit Rate) service type.
PCR (Peak Cell Rate): Specify the PCR cells per second.
Encapsulation Type: There are two types for your choosing, VC MUX or LLC/SNAP. Select the encapsulation
based on the setting of the ISP. Consult your ISP for this information.
Local WAN IP Address: On Router mode, selecting None means you have public LAN IP address setting. If you
select Specify an IP address, you can specify a WAN IP provided by ISP for your router. If
Server assigned IP address is selected, the router will get a dynamic WAN IP address
whenever it connects to the remote server or ISP.
Note: If a fixed WAN IP is entered, note that this IP address and the subnet mask could not
be the same with the public LAN interface.
Enable NAT on this interface: If your LAN interface is set on primary LAN you should check the box of the Enable
Network Address Translation. NAT translates a private IP within one network to a public IP
address.
User Name/Password: The user name and password used to access the remote server or ISP.
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ADSL Router User Manual
Dial On Demand:
If checked, under disconnected status, if any client PC sends out request for connection, the
ADSL Router will dial the ISP automatically. In this case, if the system administrator wants
to disconnect the PPP session, just click the Disconnect button at Quick Start page.
Always On:
Enabling this feature will send echo request to ISP. This prevents the connection from being
hung up by ISP.
The parameters for PPPoE configuration are generally the same as those of PPPoA. The additional parameters are:
Service Name:
Enter the name of your PPPoE service here.
Service Server:
Enter the name of your PPPoE service server here.
Note: When you initially add an PVC for the PPP connection and connect to ISP, a default
routing of 0.0.0.0 is added automatically to the IP Static Routing. If you set up more than
one PVC profiles and the first PVC is deleted, then you have to manually add the default
routing.
IP Route
This web page allows you to set the route for data transmission.
Static Route
This page shows all static route status and allows you to add new static IP route or delete IP route. A Static IP Routing
is a manually defined path, which determines the data transmitting route. If your local network is composed of
multiple subnets, you may want to specify a routing path to the routing table.
You can click Create a new route to add new route.
Destination Address:
The destination IP address of the network where data packets are to be sent.
Netmask:
The subnet mask of the destination IP address.
Forward packets to:
48
If you want add a rout on LAN side, you should choose the Gateway Address. Enter the
router address and then click Apply. If you want add a rout on WAN side, you should choose
the Interface. Select ATM PVC interface and then click Apply.
Chapter 5: Web Configuration
Dynamic Routing
Routing Information Protocol (RIP) is utilized as a means of exchanging routing information between routers. It
helps the routers to determine optimal routes. This page allows you to enable/disable this function.
By default, RIP is disabled with Disabled selected. You are allowed to enable RIP over the primary LAN interface.
Upon each interface, you can customize the RIP on Receive Mode and Transmit Mode respectively.
Interface Name:
It decides the interface of the network that you want to use.
Receive Mode:
It incorporates the RIP information when receiving the RIP packets. From the drop-down list
select which RIP version should be accepted, RIP disable, RIPv1, RIPv2 and both.
Transmit Mode:
It broadcasts the routing table. From the drop-down list select which RIP version should be
broadcasted, RIP disable, RIPv1, RIPv2 and both.
DNS
DNS Relay
On this page you can choose to disable or enable DNS Relay function. If your DNS is disabled and you choose to
enable DNS relay, after selecting the Enabled option, please click Configure and then specify up to three DNS IP
addresses in the DNS server 1-3 IP address fields. Then click Apply to enable the DNS relay function.
While the ADSL supports DNS Relay, it is regarded as a DNS server that is responsible for forwarding the name
address inquiry for the host. On the Router mode, the manager must type in the DNS server address of the ISP
manually. For example, if you are the first time to log in DNS Relay page, when you choose Enabled and enter this
page by clicking Configure, the page will show DNS server 1-3 IP address fields. Enter the addresses and click
Apply.
Yet, on MER, PPPoA or PPPoE mode, ADSL will get the DNS server address automatically from ISP. The manager
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ADSL Router User Manual
does not need to type in the DNS server address. Simply click Enabled item on DNS Relay settings and leave the
address entry lines blank. Finally, click Apply. DNS Relay will be invoked.
If you have been setting before, the page will show all the DNS Relay status. To disable DNS relay, just select the
Disabled option then click Configure. To modify setting select enable and click Configure again.
DNS Server
The DNS server address will be passed to the DHCP clients along with the IP address and the DHCP clients use the
DNS to map a domain name to its corresponding IP address and vice versa.
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Chapter 5: Web Configuration
DNS Server:
Select Enabled or Disabled to enable/disable the DNS server and then click Apply.
The DNS hostname table shows all the current DNS clients, whether created by DHCP client
or manually created. If it created by manual client, you can delete the hostname entry on the
table.
Create New DNS Hostname Entry: To add new hostname entry, please click Create a new DNS hostname entry
manually button. Then fill in the Hostname and IP address and click Apply.
Delete Hostname Entry: To delete the hostname entry, select the required one from the DNS hostname table. After
confirming the data, click Delete.
Note:
1. When DNS Relay is disabled, the DNS server function is invalid.
2. If DNS IP is left as 0.0.0.0, then you should specify the DNS on each client PC.
Security
Firewall
This page is used to set the firewall for your system. Please choose one from the provided items and click Apply to
enable it.
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ADSL Router User Manual
Click on The table of default policies for various security levels to see the traffic blocked status for each setting.
The higher the security level is, the more traffic blocked for the service is.
When the firewall is disabled, it will be OK for accessing in/out Internet, and the router will support PPTP packet and
IP Sec Packet for passing through. Yet, when the firewall is enabled with choosing Low, Medium or High, your
system will follow the rule listed on the table of default policies for managing the access in/out Internet to forward
packet. If you found some software cannot work properly while enabling firewall, but can work while disabling
firewall, you have to select Advance (User define) to configure the policies manually by setting mapping protocol
(TCP, UDP) and port number. And set the Direction in Bound as Allow or Block, out Bound as Allow.
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Chapter 5: Web Configuration
To have a user define firewall setting, please select Advanced (User Define) firewall and click Apply. There are two
selections for packet filtering rules appeared to ask you choosing one. Please choose the one you want and click
Configure.
You have to select the interface from one of the radio buttons and click Configure. Later, in the next page, a button
named Create a new filtering rule will appear. Click on this button to get into next page.
Example
Here provides you the way and the result of creating a new filtering rule. This is just an example and just for your
reference.
If you want enable the firewall and access into PPTP server for some reason, you can:
Set the protocol type as TCP and set the port range value start point as 1723, or
Set the protocol type as User Defined and set the number as 47.
After you click the Create a new filtering rule button, the following screen will appear. Please fill in the boxes and
click Apply to close this screen.
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ADSL Router User Manual
Protocol Type:
Select the type that you want for the filtering rule.
Local Side:
Type in the source IP address and subnet mask.
Remote Side:
Type in the destination IP address and subnet mask.
Port Range:
Enter the start and end point number.
Direction:
The way of the data transmission. In Bound means the data is transferred from outside onto your
computer. Out Bound means the data is transferred from your computer onto outside through
Internet. Block stops the data transmission, Allow lets the data pass through.
After configuring the settings, please click Apply and the new one you created will be shown on the table.
Intrusion Detection
This page displays the rules for intrusion detection. The purpose of intrusion detection is to detect any attacks that
penetrate and destroy the firewall & standard detection systems. In addition, it is used to proactively prevent attacks
without human intervention before any damage can occur.
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Chapter 5: Web Configuration
DOS Attack Block Duration: It defines the duration that the suspicious host will be blocked once DOS activity is
detected. The unit is defined in second.
Scan Attack Block Duration: It defines the duration that the suspicious host will be blocked once Scan activity is
detected. The unit is defined in second.
Victim Protection Block Duration: This is to protect victims from spoofing style attacks -- a destination blocking
entry is added to black list. It specifies the default duration we are going to keep it in
the list to avoid the continuous attack against this victim. The unit is defined in
second.
Maximum TCP Open Handshaking Count: The maximum number of unfinished TCP handshaking session will
trigger IDS for SYN flood per second.
Maximum Ping Count:
The maximum number of PINGs per second will trigger IDS for echo storm.
Maximum ICMP Count:
The maximum number of ICMP packets other than ICMP echo (PING) per second
will trigger IDS for ICMP flood.
You can select Disable and click Apply to disabled intrusion detection. Select Enabled to invoke this function. In
addition, click Modify Rules to enter or modify details for the rules if necessary. After finishing the modification,
click Apply.
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ADSL Router User Manual
Virtual Server
The Router implements NAT to let your entire local network appear as a single machine to the Internet. The typical
situation is that you have local servers for different services and you want to make them publicly accessible. With
NAT applied, it will translate the internal IP addresses of these servers to a single IP address that is unique on the
Internet. NAT function not only eliminates the need for multiple public IP addresses but also provides a measure of
security for your LAN.
When the router receives an incoming IP packet requesting for access to your local server, the router will recognize
the service type according to the port number in this packet (e.g., port 80 indicates HTTP service and port 21
indicates FTP service). By specifying the port number, you tell the router which service should be forwarded to the
local IP address you specify.
After you setting the virtual server you should modify the filter rule whichever port and service you set on virtual
server. Because the firewall has protect the route by filter rule so that you should update the filter rule after you set up
virtual server.
This page shows all virtual server rules configured in your ADSL Router.
In the virtual server list table, you may select required entry to modify or delete it by clicking Modify or Delete.
Creating a New Server
In order to add new virtual server service entry, click Create a new server button.
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Chapter 5: Web Configuration
ATM PVC Name:
Select the ATM PVC name from the drop down list. Currently only ppp-0 interface is
provided.
Protocol:
Select a protocol type used by the service that will be forwarded.
TCP/IP Port:
The Router supports port mapping function that translates a standard port number to a
non-standard number. Incoming data packets sent to a specific IP port can be mapped to the
port you specify. The most often used port numbers include:
21 (FTP), 80 (HTTP), 23 (Telnet) and 25(SMTP)
IP Address:
Specify the internal IP address to which the packets are forwarded.
Then follow the steps below:
1.
Select the ATM PVC interface.
2.
Select the protocol type from the drop-down list.
3.
Select a service in TCP /IP Port field and enter the port number you want to use.
4.
Enter the IP address of the internal server in the IP Address filed and enter the TCP/IP port information in the
TCP/IP Port field.
5.
Click Apply to commit the setting.
Setting Up DMZ Host
Direct Mapping Zone (DMZ) uses a technology that makes Router forwarding all incoming packet to internal
specific server. To setup DMZ host for your router, please click Setup DMZ Host button.
Then follow the steps below:
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ADSL Router User Manual
1.
Select the ATM PVC interface.
2.
Enter the IP address of the internal server in the IP Address filed.
3.
Click Apply to commit the setting.
IGMP Proxy
The Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) is an Internet protocol that provides a way for an Internet
computer to report its multicast group membership to adjacent routers.
The hosts interact with the system through the exchange of IGMP messages. When you want to configure IGMP
proxy, the system will interact with other router through the exchange of IGMP messages. However, when acting as
the proxy, the system performs the host portion of the IGMP task as follows:
When it is queried, the system will send group membership reports to the group.
ʳ
When one of the hosts joins a multicast address group to which none of other hosts belong, the system
will send unsolicited group membership reports to that group.ʳ
When the last of hosts in a particular multicast group leaves the group, the system will send a leave group
membership report to the routers group.ʳ
To enable the IGMP Proxy function, please open Configuration >IGMP.
58
Enabled on PVC:
Check this button and choose the interface and click Apply to invoke the IGMP settings.
Disable:
Close this setting.
Chapter 5: Web Configuration
UPnP (Optional)
Universal plug and play (UPnP) is an architecture for pervasive peer to peer network connectivity of intelligent
appliances and PCs of all form factors. It is designed to bring easy-to-use, flexible, standards-based connectivity to
ad-hoc or unmanaged networks whether in the home, in a small business, public spaces, or attached to the Internet.
To enable UPnP function, just check the Enable UPnP Function box and then click Apply to activate the function.
Only Windows XP supports UPnP function. Before checking this function for proper using, you have to install UPnP
component to your computer first. Otherwise, the function will not take effect even click on “Enable UPnP IGD
Function.
Please follow the steps below for installing UPnP components.
1.
Click on the Start menu, point to Settings and click on Control Panel.
2.
Select Add or Remove Programs > Add/Remove Windows Components to open Windows Components
Wizard dialog box.
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ADSL Router User Manual
3.
Select Network Services and click Details. Click the Universal Plug and Play check box.
4.
Click Ok. The system will install UPnP components automatically.
5.
After finishing the installation, go to My Network Places. You will find an icon (ex: ZXDSL 531B) for UPnP
function.
ZXDSL 531B
6.
Double click on the icon, the ADSL router will open another web page with port (2800) for UPnP function. The
IE address will be changed as shown as the following graphic.
http://192.168.100.100:2800/index.html
7.
60
Now, the NAT traversal function will be provided. The ADSL router will create a new virtual server
automatically for mapping while the router detecting the computer running some Internet applications.
Chapter 5: Web Configuration
192.168.100.2
192.168.100.2
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Chapter 6:Troubleshooting
Chapter 6: Troubleshooting
If the suggested solutions in this section do not resolve your issue, contact your system administrator or Internet
service provider.
Problems with LAN
PCs on the LAN can not get IP addresses from the ADSL Router.
The chances are that the interface used as DHCP server is modified and the client PCs do not renew IP addresses.
If your DHCP server is enabled on Private IP Address previously and you modify the interface to Public IP Address,
the client PCs should renew IP addresses.
The PC on the LAN cannot access the Web page of the ADSL Router.
Check that your PC is on the same subnet with the ADSL Router.
The virtual server can’t be access after setting virtual server.
Check the filter rule of the port that virtual server service setting for example, the virtual server service set FTP 21
you need update the filter rule of the ftp 21 Direction setting: Choose filter the packets that incoming action (In
Bound) are Allow on the interface.
Problems with WAN
You cannot access the Internet.
If your ADSL Router is set to routing mode and you use private IP addresses on the LAN, go to WAN
Configuration > ATM PVC > Setup the ATM PVC Interface page. Make sure that Enable network address
Translation (NAT) is checked.
Check the IP settings:
Go to LAN Configuration > IP Address page, ensure you specify IP address on Public IP Address field.
Or go to WAN Configuration > ATM PVC > Setup the ATM PVC Interface page, ensure you specify IP address
on Specified Local WAN IP address field
Check the physical connection between the ADSL Router and the LAN.
If the LAN LED on the front panel is off or keeps blinking, there may be problem on the cable connecting to the
ADSL Router.
At the DOS prompt, ping the IP address of the ADSL Router, e.g, ping 192.168.100.100. If the following
response occurs:
Relay from 192.168.100.100 bytes=32 time=100ms TTL=253
Then the connection between the ADSL Router and the network is OK.
If you get a failed ping with the response of:
Request time out
Then the connection is fail. Check the cable between the ADSL Router and the network.
Check the DNS setting of the ADSL Router.
At the DOS prompt, ping the IP address of the DNS provided by your ISP. For example, if your DNS IP is
168.95.1.1, then ping 168.95.1.1. If the following response occurs:
Relay from 168.95.1.1 bytes=32 time=100ms TTL=253
Then the connection to the DNS is OK.
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Chapter 6:Troubleshooting
If you get a failed ping with the response of:
Request time out
Then the DNS is not reachable. Check your DNS setting on the ADSL Router.
Problems with Upgrading
The following lists the error messages that you may see during upgrading and the action to take.
Error: All the ADSL LEDs light up and cannot light off as usual.
Possible cause: When users execute firmware upgrade and save settings to the router, the power for the router is
lost for some unknown reasons, the normal web page for the router might be damaged.(see the graphic below)
After power on your router, the LEDs might not work normally.
Action: Use the browser to connect to the router for executing image upgrade.
Error Message: invalid checksum
Possible cause: The firmware file to be used is damaged or the file format is wrong.
Action: Make sure that your firmware file format is valid or get a new firmware file.
Error Message: invalid hardcode
Possible cause: The firmware file is not compatible with the model of your ADSL Router.
Action: Download a compatible firmware from the web.
Error Message: unknown flags type
Possible cause: The firmware version is not compatible.
Action: Download a compatible firmware from the web.
Error Message: internal isfs error / internal flashfs error
Possible cause: System error occurs. It may be caused by the lack of memory.
Action: Reboot your ADSL Router and perform the upgrade task again.
Error Message: invalid file format
Possible cause: The firmware file format is invalid.
Action: Check the file format is correct, otherwise download a firmware file with correct format.
Error Message: get an error message
Possible cause: The TFTP server responses with error message.
Action: Make sure the file name you enter is correct. Otherwise the TFTP server may response with the error
message “File not found”.
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ADSL Router User Manual
Error Message: transfer time out
Possible cause: The transfer session is interrupted.
Action:
a. Make sure the TFTP server is on the same subnet with the ADSL Router.
b. Make sure you the IP address of the TFTP server you specify is correct and that your TFTP server is started.
c. If error still occurs, reboot your ADSL Router and perform the upgrade task again.
Error Message: firmware update in process
Possible cause: The upgrade is already in process.
Action: Do not turn off your ADSL Router otherwise you will cause damage to the device.
Error Message: no remote server IP
Possible cause: The IP address of the TFTP server is not specified.
Action: Specify the IP address of the TFTP server is not specified.
Error Message: can’t allocate update buffer
Possible cause: It may be caused by the lack of memory.
Action: Reboot your ADSL Router and perform the upgrade task again.
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Chapter 6:Troubleshooting
65
Chapter 7: Glossary
Chapter 7: Glossary
ARP (Address Resolution Protocol )
ARP is a TCP/IP protocol for mapping an IP address to a physical machine address that is
recognized in the local network, such as an Ethernet address.
A host wishing to obtain a physical address broadcasts an ARP request onto the TCP/IP
network. The host on the network that has the IP address in the request then replies with its
physical hardware address.
Inverse ARP (In-ARP), on the other hand, is used by a host to discover its IP address. In this
case, the host broadcasts its physical address and a RARP server replies with the host's IP
address.
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)
When operates as a DHCP server, the ADSL Router assign IP addresses to the client PCs on
the LAN. The client PCs “leases” these Private IP addresses for a user-defined amount of
time. After the lease time expires, the private IP address is made available for assigning to
other network devices.
The DHCP IP address can be a single, fixed public IP address, an ISP assigned public IP
address, or a private IP address.
If you enable DHCP server on a private IP address, a public IP address will have to be
assigned to the NAT IP address, and NAT has to be enabled so that the DHCP IP address can
be translated into a public IP address. By this, the client PCs are able to access the Internet.
LAN (Local Area Network) & WAN (Wide Area Network)
A LAN is a computer network limited to the immediate area, usually the same building or
floor of a building. A WAN, on the other hand, is an outside connection to another network or
the Internet.
The Ethernet side of the ADSL Router is called the LAN port. It is a twisted-pair Ethernet
10Base-T interface. A hub can be connected to the LAN port. More than one computers, such
as server or printer, can be connected through this hub to the ADSL Router and composes a
LAN.
The DSL port of the ADSL Router composes the WAN interface, which supports PPP or RFC
1483 connecting to another remote DSL device.
NAT (Network Address Translation) IP Address
NAT is an Internet standard that translates a private IP within one network to a public IP
address, either a static or dynamic one. NAT provides a type of firewall by hiding internal IP
addresses. It also enables a company to use more internal IP addresses.
If the IP addresses given by your ISP are not enough for each PC on the LAN and the ADSL
Router, you need to use NAT. With NAT, you make up a private IP network for the LAN and
assign an IP address from that network to each PC. One of some public addresses is
configured and mapped to a private workstation address when accesses are made through
the gateway to a public network.
For example, the ADSL Router is assigned with the public IP address of 168.111.2.1. With
NAT enabled, it creates a Virtual LAN. Each PC on the Virtual LAN is assigned with a private
IP address with default value of 192.168.100.2 to 192.168.2.254. These PCs are not
accessible by the outside world but they can communicate with the outside world through
the public IP 168.111.2.1.
66
Glossary
Private IP Address
Private IP addresses are also LAN IP addresses, but are considered “illegal” IP addresses to
the Internet. They are private to an enterprise while still permitting full network layer
connectivity between all hosts inside an enterprise as well as all public hosts of different
enterprises.
The ADSL Router uses private IP addresses by assigning them to the LAN that cannot be
directly accessed by the Internet or remote server. To access the Internet, private network
should have an agent to translate the private IP address to public IP address.
Public IP Address
Public IP addresses are LAN IP addresses that can be considered “legal” for the Internet,
because they can be recognized and accessed by any device on the other side of the DSL
connection. In most cases they are allocated by your ISP.
If you are given a range of fixed IP addresses, then one can be assigned to the router and
the others to network devices on the LAN, such as computer workstations, ftp servers, and
web servers.
PVC (Permanent Virtual Circuit)
A PVC is a logical point-to-point circuit between customer sites. PVCs are low-delay circuits
because routing decisions do not need to be made along the way. Permanent means that the
circuit is preprogrammed by the carrier as a path through the network. It does not need to
be set up or torn down for each session.
RIP (Routing Information Protocol)
RIP is a routing protocol that uses the distance-vector routing algorithms to calculate
least-hops routes to a destination. It is used on the Internet and is common in the NetWare
environment. It exchanges routing information with other routers. It includes V1, V2 and
V1&V2, which controls the sending and receiving of RIP packets over Ethernet.
UDP (User Datagram Protocol)
UDP is a connectionless transport service that dispenses with the reliability services provided
by TCP. UDP gives applications a direct interface with IP and the ability to address a
particular application process running on a host via a port number without setting up a
connection session.
Virtual Server
You can designate virtual servers, e.g., a FTP, web, telnet or mail server, on your local
network and make them accessible to the outside world. A virtual server means that it is not
a dedicated server -- that is, the entire computer is not dedicated to running on the public
network but in the private network.
VPI (Virtual Path Identifier) & VCI (Virtual Channel Identifier)
A VPI is a 8-bit field while VCI is a 16-bit field in the ATM cell header. A VPI identifies a link
formed by a virtual path and a VCI identifies a channel within a virtual path. In this way, the
cells belonging to the same connection can be distinguished. A unique and separate VPI/VCI
identifier is assigned in advance to indicate which type of cell is following, unassigned cells,
physical layer OAM cells, metasignalling channel or a generic broadcast signaling channel.
Your ISP should supply you with the values.
!
67
Appendix: Specifications
Appendix: Specifications
Software
ADSL Compliance
For Annex A ADSL Router
ANSI T1.413 Issue 2
ITU G.992.1 Annex A (G.dmt)
ITU G.992.2 Annex A (G.lite)
ITU G.994.1 (G.hs)
For Annex B ADSL Router
ITU G.992.1 Annex B (G.dmt)
ITU G.994.1 (G.hs))
ATM Features
Compliant to ATM Forum UNI 3.1 / 4.0 Permanent Virtual Circuits (PVCs)
Support up to 8 AAL5 Virtual Circuit Channels (VCCs) for UBR, CBR, VBR-rt, and VBR-nrt with traffic
shaping
TR-037 Auto PVC (auto-provisioning)
RFC1483 (RFC2684) LLC Encapsulation and VC Multiplexing over AAL5
RFC2364 Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) over AAL5
RFC2225 Classical IP and ARP over ATM
RFC2516 PPP over Ethernet: support Relay (Transparent Forwarding) and Client functions
OAM F4/F5 End-to-End/Segment Loopback Cells
Bridging Features
Supports self-learning bridge specified in IEEE 802.1D Transparent Bridging
Supports up to 4000 learning MAC addresses
Transparent bridging among 10/100 Mb Ethernet and 802.11b LAN interfaces
Routing Features
UPnP IGD (Internet Gateway Device) with NAT traversal capability support
NAT (Network Address Translation) / PAT (Port Address Translation) let multiple users on the LAN to access
the internet for the cost of only one IP address and enjoy various multimedia applications.
ALGs (Application Level Gateways): such as NetMeeting, FTP, Quick Time, mIRC, Real Player, CuSeeMe, etc.
Multiple Virtual Servers (e.g., Web, FTP, Mail servers) can be setup on user’s local network.
Static routes, RFC1058 RIPv1, RFC1723 RIPv2.
DNS Relay
ARP Proxy
Security Features
PAP (RFC1334), CHAP (RFC1994) for PPP session
Firewall support IP packets filtering based on IP address/Port number/Protocol type and TCP code field flags
68
Appendix: Specification
Intrusion Detection provides protection from a number of attacks (such as SYN/FIN/RST Flood, Smurf,
WinNuke, Echo Scan, Xmas Tree Scan, etc)
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) encryption uses RC4 with 64/128 bit key length (for wireless ADSL router only)
Wireless LAN Features
Fully compatible to IEEE 802.11b standard and allow operating range up to 300 meters (open space) and 100
meters (indoor).
The Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS) technology is exploited.
Seamless roaming within the 802.11 and 802.11b wireless LAN infrastructure
Low power consumption via efficient power management
Configuration and Management
User-friendly embedded web configuration interface with password protection
Remote management accesses control
Telnet session for local or remote management
HTTP firmware upgrades via web browser GUI directly
Distribute IP addresses to end users via DHCP server provided by ADSL router
SNMPv1/v2c agent with MIB-II, PPP MIB, ADSL Line MIB
Hardware
Interface
One RJ-11 port for ADSL connection
Four RJ-45 port for IEEE 802.3 10/100 Base-T auto-sensing Ethernet connection
One hidden reset button for restoring to factory default settings
Regulatory Approvals and Compliance
EMI/Immunity:
FCC part 15 and part 68 Class B
Safety:
UL, CE
Power Requirement and Operation Environment Requirement
Power Adaptor:
Input 110±10 or 230±10 VAC; Output 12 VDC, 1A
Power Consumption:
less than 10 Walt
Ambient Temperature: 0 to 45°C (32 to 113°F)
Relative Humidity:
20% to 90% (non-condensing)
Physical
NN-
YNN8
YNN)
Dimensions:
159
Weight:
282g
69
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