Drake Software User`s Manual Supplement: S

Drake Software User`s Manual Supplement: S
User’s Manual >>>
Tax Year 2010
Supplement: S Corporations (1120S)
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S u p p o r t . D ra ke S o f t w a re . co m
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8 2 8 . 5 2 4 . 8 0 2 0
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Drake Software
User’s Manual
Tax Year 2010
Supplement: S Corporations
(1120S)
Support.DrakeSoftware.com
(828) 524-8020
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Copyright
The 2010 Drake Software Manual Supplement: S Corporations, Drake Tax Software,
and any other related materials are copyrighted material. All rights are reserved by
Drake Enterprises, LTD, including all ownership rights. This document, associated
software, and related material are the property of Drake Enterprises, LTD.
Drake Enterprises, LTD, hereby authorizes you to download, display, print, and reproduce the material in this document in an unaltered form only for your personal, noncommercial use or for non-commercial use within your organization. Copyright,
trademark, and other proprietary notices may not be removed.
© 2010 Drake Enterprises, LTD. All rights reserved.
While every attempt has been made to produce an accurate and complete manual,
there is no warranty, expressed or implied, to that effect. Drake Enterprises, LTD,
assumes no liability for damages or claims resulting from the use of the information
contained herein.
Trademarks
The Drake Software Logo and Drake Tax are registered trademarks of Drake
Enterprises, LTD.
Other product names mentioned in this manual may be trademarks or registered
trademarks of their respective companies.
ii
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
What’s New in Drake for S Corporations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Data Entry and Calculation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Screens and Forms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Electronic Filing Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Before You Start. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Updating a Prior-Year Return in Drake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Indicating an S Corporation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Header Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Name and Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Tax Year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Boxes A through I. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Income and Deductions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Gross Receipts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Cost of Goods Sold (Schedule A). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Ordinary Gains and Losses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Other Income (Loss) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Compensation and Wages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Repairs and Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Bad Debts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Rents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Taxes and Licenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Depreciation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Depletion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Advertising . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Pension and Profit-Sharing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Other Deductions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Tax and Payments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Net Passive Income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Schedule D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2010 Estimated Tax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Payments with Extensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tax Paid on Fuels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10
10
10
11
11
Estimated Taxes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Estimated Payments for 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Underpayment of Estimated Tax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Direct Deposit of Refunds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
International ACH Transactions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Electronic Funds Withdrawal (Direct Debit) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Program Defaults and Overrides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Required Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Withdrawal from Multiple Accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Tax Year 2010
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Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Filing an Extension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Signing the Return. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Amending a Return . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Additional Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Schedule B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
State-specific Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Other Information and Overrides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Schedule K: Shareholders’ Pro Rata Share Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Navigation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Stock and Ownership Transaction Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Schedule K-1 for 1120S (Shareholder Information) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Percentage Ownership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IRS K-1 Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multiple Shareholders. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Override Fields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foreign Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
K-1 Export . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supplemental Info. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Domestic Production Activities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
K-1 Cover Letters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shareholder’s Adjusted Basis Worksheet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17
17
18
18
18
18
19
19
20
21
Schedule L: Balance Sheet Per Books . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Flow of Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
The SCH2 Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Autobalance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Schedules M-1, M-3 (Reconciliation of Books/Return). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Schedule M-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Schedule M-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Schedule M-2 (Analysis of Accounts) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Entering Distributions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Column A, Accumulated Adjustments Account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Column B, Other Adjustments Account. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Column C, Undistributed Taxable Income Previously Taxed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
26
27
28
28
Rental Activities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Line 14, Depreciation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Line 15, Other Expenses (list) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Viewing Rental Activity Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Credits and Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Making Changes on the Fly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Suppressing/Forcing Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Overriding Other Setup Options. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
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Table of Contents
Electronic Filing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Additional Return Types. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Common Error Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Binary Attachments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
The PDF Attachment Process. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Printing Generated Documents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Importing Trial Balance Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Preparing to Use Trial Balance Import. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Preparing Financial Data for Import. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Entering Financial Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Saving a File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Importing Data into a Return . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Special Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
38
39
41
43
43
44
Form 3115, Application for Change in Accounting Method. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Accessing Screens for Changing Accounting Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Form 3115 Screens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Schedule E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Attachments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
48
49
53
54
Appendix: Trial Balance Import . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
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Tax Year 2010
S Corporations (1120S)
The basics of data entry for an S corporation (1120S) return are the same as for a 1040
return. Field- and screen-level help, shortcut keys, and navigation throughout data
entry all function as they do in the 1040. See the Drake Software User’s Manual: Tax
Year 2010 for the basics of using the program.
What’s New in Drake for S Corporations
Drake programs its tax software according to the latest IRS rules and regulations. The
2010 program reflects all changes to credits and deductions, including discontinuations. For details on the new regulations for the 2010 tax year, see the IRS instructions
for Form 1120S.
Data Entry and Calculation
This year’s changes to data entry and calculation are summarized below:
•
•
•
•
Tax Year 2010
Improved Calculation Results Window — The Calculation Results window
now features more EF message links. (An EF message link takes you directly to
the screen that is causing the EF message.)
Multiple Forms 8027 Available — Returns can now include multiple instances
of Form 8027, Employer’s Annual Information Return of Tip Income & Allocated
Tips.
Depreciation on Installment Sales and Like-Kind Exchanges — For a sold
item on the 4562 (Depreciation Detail) screen, three new options are available in
the Property type drop list (located in the If sold section of the screen). Selecting
one of these options (listed below) prevents the program from automatically carrying the sale information to Form 4797.
– IN — Installment sale, section 1245 property (Form 6252)
– IS — Installment sale, section 1250 property (Form 6252)
– LK — Like-kind exchange (Form 8824)
Section 179 Expensing for Qualified Real Property — In accordance with the
Small Business Jobs Act of 2010, a taxpayer may elect, under section 179, to
1
What’s New in Drake for S Corporations
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
expense up to $250,000 of the cost of qualifying real property placed in service
during the taxable year. In Drake, this election is made on the 4562 screen.
Screens and Forms
This year’s changes and enhancements to screens and forms are summarized below:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Screen L — The L screen and L2 screens from previous years have been consolidated into one screen for easier data entry. Links to the SCH2 screen are provided
for those items requiring a subsidiary schedule.
Schedule M-2 worksheets — Worksheet WK_M2 is now produced if a Schedule
M-3 is present on a return.
Form 5884-B supported — The new IRS Form 5884-B, New Hire Employment
Credit, is included in the 2010 program. Use screen 588B to complete this form.
Form 8941 — Form 8941, Credit for Small Employer Health Insurance Premiums, has been added to all packages. Use screen 8941 to complete information for
this credit.
Schedule N added — Schedule N, Foreign Operations of U.S. Corporations, has
been added to the 1120S package. Use screen N to enter data for this form.
AMD screen — This screen is used for amended returns and includes fields for
entering changes and explanations. For more information on amending an 1120S
return, see “Amending a Return” on page 14.
DIST screen — Use the DIST screen to enter date and distribution amounts for
Schedule K, line 16d, Distributions. In addition to line 16d, the total from the
DIST screen may flow to Schedule M-2, line 7 (subject to limitations), and to the
Schedules K-1, based on the shareholder’s ownership percentage. Schedule K-1
distribution information is displayed on the K1_DIST worksheet produced with
the return.
Electronic Filing Features
This year’s e-filing changes for the S corporation package are listed below:
•
•
•
•
2
Amended Returns EF Eligible — Amended 1120S returns are now eligible for
e-filing. See “Amending a Return” on page 14 for information on e-filing an
amended Form 1120S.
More EF “Trapping” For Business Returns — New programming will help the
software catch more errors in a return before the return can be e-filed and then
rejected by the IRS.
EF Messages and Notes — Many of the EF messages and notes pages have been
rewritten for improved clarity and to better help with trouble-shooting issues in
business returns.
EF Messages for Accepted Returns — An EF messages is now produced when a
return or extension is calculated that has already been e-filed and accepted.
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Before You Start
Before You Start
Actions you might need to take before starting an 1120S return in Drake include:
•
•
Updating a prior-year return (if you prepared the tax return last year)
Electing as an S corporation (if the corporation was not an S corporation last year)
Updating a Prior-Year Return in Drake
A prior-year return can be updated in three ways:
•
•
•
With all other returns in the program using Last Year Data > Update 2009 to
2010 (not recommended)
As a single return (updated one at a time) using Last Year Data > Update 2009
to 2010 (recommended)
When you open the return for the first time in the 2010 program and are prompted
to update it
When you update an 1120S return that was previously marked as “final,” the program
informs you that the return was marked final before prompting you to proceed.
Indicating an S Corporation
If the corporation is electing as an S corporation for the first time, it is necessary to
indicate this in the program.
S Corp
Election
On screen 1 in the General Information section, line A, enter the date of election as
an S corporation. On line E, enter the date incorporated.
Form 2553, Election by a Small Business Corporation, is required if the entity is making the election with the return. In Drake, use screen 2553, accessible from the Other
Forms tab or by clicking the Form 2553 link on screen 1.
NOTE
1120 to
1120S
If attaching a signed Form 2553 to the return as a PDF, mark the
Attaching Form 2553 as a PDF document box on screen 1. If not sent
as a PDF, the form must be mailed separately to the IRS before filing
the tax return. See Form 2553 instructions at www.irs.gov.
To change a “C” corporation to an S corporation (1120 to 1120S):
1.
2.
3.
4.
Go to Tools > File Maintenance > Change File Type.
Enter the EIN of the entity.
Select the new return type (1120S).
Click OK to save the change.
Header Information
Screen 1 contains fields for the general information that is printed in the top section of
page 1 of Form 1120S.
Tax Year 2010
3
Header Information
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Name and Address
Use screen 1 to complete the corporation name and address section of Form 1120S.
For state purposes only, if the corporation has an alternate address (such as a P.O.
box), you can enter that address on screen 2, in the Address Line 2 field at the bottom
of the screen.
Tax Year
The software uses the calendar year as the default period for all corporate returns; no
date entries are required on screen 1 for a December 31 tax year end.
NOTES
The program adjusts calculations for depreciation and for gains and
losses on sales of assets based on the entity’s tax year.
For information on filing with a 52-53–week year, see “Electing a 5253–Week Year (Initial Return)” on page 33.
Fiscal and
Calendar
Years
If the S corporation uses a fiscal year (where the year begins in the current calendar
year and ends in the next), specify the beginning and ending dates in the If not calendar year section of screen 1.
Short-Year
Returns
An entity may have a short-year return if changing accounting periods with IRS
approval (Form 3115), or if this is its first or last year in business and the tax year is
not a full year.
To indicate a short-year return, use the fiscal year date fields on screen 1 to indicate
the beginning and ending dates for the current year. (These fields should not be used if
the entity uses a calendar year.)
If filing a short-year return (other than an initial or final return), you will need to provide an explanation. To do so, go to the ELEC screen and select an explanation from
the Reason for short year drop list. The explanation will be displayed at the top of
the first page of the tax return. If you do not select an explanation, an EF message will
be generated with the return, and the return cannot be e-filed.
NOTES
For more information on short-year explanations, see IRS Pub. 4163.
The program may not correctly calculate depreciation, gains, or losses
for a short-year return. Depreciation for a short-year return can be
entered on screen 4562 and/or screens 6, 7, 8, and 9.
Boxes A through I
Enter most information for boxes A through I (top of Form 1120S) on screen 1. Note
that boxes C (“M-3 attached”) and F (“Total assets”) are completed automatically by
the program based on data entered elsewhere. Other boxes are:
•
•
4
Box A — S election effective date
Box B — Business activity code (From screen 1, choose a code from the line B
drop list, or click in the line B field and press CTRL+SHIFT+S to search for a code)
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
•
•
•
•
•
Income and Deductions
Box D — Employer Identification Number (EIN) (program uses setup data as
default)
Box E — Date incorporated
Item G — Indicates first year as S corporation and inclusion of Form 2553 with
return
Item H — Check boxes for final return, name change, address change, amended
return, and S election termination or revocation)
Item I — Number of shareholders during the year (completed automatically based
on the number of K-1s; number can be overridden on line I of screen 1.)
NOTE
Enter accounting method at the bottom of screen 1.
Income and Deductions
Income and deductions are entered primarily on screen 3, the INC (Other Income)
screen, and the DED (Other Deductions) screen.
NOTE
For information on the Schedule K items at the bottom of screen 3, see
“Schedule K: Shareholders’ Pro Rata Share Items” on page 16.
Gross Receipts
Enter gross receipts (Form 1120S, line 1a) and returns and allowances (line 1b) on
screen 3. Line 1a of screen 3 is an adjustment field; it adjusts the amount, if any, that
flows from screen F (Schedule F, Profit or Loss from Farming).
The program calculates gross receipts or sales after returns and allowances based on
gross receipts, sales, and any direct entry on line 1b.
NOTE
The IRS does not require a detail (Ctrl+W) worksheet for gross receipts;
therefore, if you are using the trial balance import feature, do not
include a detail worksheet for this line—or for any other line that does
not require a detail worksheet. For more on the trial balance worksheet,
see “Importing Trial Balance Information” on page 38.
Cost of Goods Sold (Schedule A)
For cost of goods sold (COGS), complete screen A (Schedule A, Cost of Goods Sold).
NOTE
Inventory
Tax Year 2010
On screen A, items 9a through 9f are direct-entry fields and follow the
format of IRS Schedule A. For more information on completing these
fields, press F1 or consult the IRS instructions.
Inventory amounts entered on lines 1 and 7 of screen A automatically flow to Schedule L, line 3 (“Inventories”). Note that the fields on the L screen (Schedule L - Bal-
5
Income and Deductions
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
ance Sheet - Assets) are overrides. Anything entered there overrides the inventory
data that flows from screen A.
Line 5, Other
Costs
Line 5 of Schedule A is designated for any applicable costs not entered on the previous lines. In Drake, two fields are provided for line 5: one for other costs excluding
depreciation, and one for depreciation (Figure 1).
Figure 1: Other Costs and Depreciation
In the Depreciation field, enter any depreciation that relates to the cost of goods sold
(unless the amount is flowing from the 4562 Detail screen with COGS selected from
the For drop list). (Note that this field is an override field; an entry here overrides calculations from the 4562 screen.) Amounts entered in this field automatically adjust the
total depreciation that is carried to page 1 of Form 1120S. For Other costs - excluding depreciation, use a CTRL+W worksheet. The depreciation amount is included on
the statement for other costs and should not be included in the Other Costs worksheet.
NOTE
Importing
Trial Balance
to Sch A
Line 14b on screen 3 (Income and Deductions) screen is for Form
4562 depreciation that is not entered on Schedule A or elsewhere on
the return.
If using the trial balance import feature (see “Importing Trial Balance Information” on
page 38), enter depreciation amounts directly into the appropriate fields on the trial
balance worksheet, not in the fields in data entry. When the trial balance is imported,
the COGS depreciation expense amount flows directly to the appropriate line of
Schedule A and is calculated accordingly.
Ordinary Gains and Losses
The amount on line 4 (Net gain (loss) from Form 4797, Part II, line 17) of Form 1120S
flows from Form 4797. Amounts can also flow from screen 4562, but only if that
screen shows assets sold and property type.
Other Income (Loss)
Enter all amounts for line 5, Other income (loss), on the INC screen. INC screen data
is displayed on attached statements in View mode.
Amounts from the following screens also flow automatically to line 5:
•
•
6478 (Form 6478, Alcohol and Cellulosic Biofuel Fuels Credit)
8864 (Form 8864, Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Fuels Credit)
Additional fields on the INC screen include:
6
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
•
•
•
•
•
•
Income and Deductions
Amount of credit for tax on fuels
Interest income on receivables
Recoveries of bad debts
Section 481 adjustments
State tax refund
Income from insurance proceeds
To enter income or loss from a partnership, estate, or trust, use the K1P or K1F screen
(available from the Other Forms tab).
To enter additional sources of income not shown, create a CTRL+W worksheet using
the Other (itemize) field on the INC screen.
Compensation and Wages
Enter shareholder compensation and employee wages on screen 3. Drake has two
fields each for officer compensation and employee salaries/wages: one for non-shareholders, and one for shareholders, as shown in Figure 2.
Figure 2: Compensation and wage fields on screen 3
NOTES
Credit
Adjustments
The Salaries and wages paid to non-shareholder employees field is
an adjustment field. An amount entered here is combined with any
amount entered in the Labor hired field on screen F.
The shareholder fields are used for calculating section 179 income limitations; see the WK_S179L worksheet in View mode.
A credit adjustment is made for the following forms:
•
•
•
Form 5884, Work Opportunity Credit
Form 8844, Empowerment Zone and Renewal Community Employment Credit
Form 8845, Indian Employment Credit
The adjustment is indicated on Form 1120S with the ATT_SSW literal. Actual adjustments are shown on the ATT_SSW worksheet in View mode (Figure 3).
Figure 3: ATT_SSW literal on Form 1120S
Tax Year 2010
7
Income and Deductions
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Repairs and Maintenance
Enter repair and maintenance costs on screen 3. An amount entered there is combined
with the amount, if any, entered in the Repairs and maintenance field on screen F.
Bad Debts
Use the Bad debts field on screen 3 to enter the total debts that became worthless in
whole or in part during the year, but only to the extent that such debts related to a trade
or business activity.
NOTES
Enter deductible non-business bad debts as a short-term capital loss on
Schedule D (Form 1120S).
Cash-method corporations cannot take a bad debt as a deduction
unless the amount was previously included in income.
Rents
Use the Rents field on screen 3 to enter the rent that was paid on business property
used in a trade or business activity. If a vehicle was rented, complete the 4562 screen
for the vehicle.
NOTE
The Rents field is an adjustment field. An amount entered here is combined with the amount, if any, entered in the Rent fields on screen F.
Taxes and Licenses
Enter tax and license amounts on the TAX screen. Amounts are combined and the sum
generated on Form 1120S, line 12 (“Taxes and licenses”). Note that credit from Form
8846 (Credit for Employer Social Security and Medicare Taxes Paid on Certain
Employee Tips) adjusts the line 12 amount. These amounts also appear on the “Taxes
and Licenses Attachment,” referred to on line 12 with the printed “ATT_STL” reference. (Figure 4.)
Figure 4: Notification on line 12 of the 1120S return that the
Taxes and Licenses Attachment has been produced with the return
To keep the notification from appearing on line 12 of the return, go to the PRNT
screen and select Suppress printing of form and attachment references.
State tax amounts (income tax and franchise tax) entered on the ES (Estimated Taxes)
screen are carried to the tax computation (ATT_TAX) worksheet. The state tax
amount carried from the ES screen may differ depending on which method of
accounting (cash or accrual) is used.
8
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Income and Deductions
Interest
Using the 1120S instruction guidelines, enter interest expense on screen 3. Note that
the Interest expense field is an adjustment field. Any amount entered here is combined with the amount, if any, entered in the Interest fields on screen F.
Depreciation
Enter depreciation on the 4562 screen. Select a form from the For drop list to associate the depreciable item with the correct form or activity. Data from the 4562 screens
is calculated and carried to Form 1120 and to the selected schedules or forms.
For more information on depreciation and the 4562 screen in Drake, see the Drake
Software User’s Manual: Tax Year 2010.
Line 14,
Depreciation
Line 14 of Form 1120S is reserved for depreciation that (1) is from Form 4562, and
(2) is not claimed on Schedule A or elsewhere. While the program pulls data from the
4562 screen for this line, it also provides field 14b on screen 3 specifically for depreciation that is claimed elsewhere (other than Schedule A) (Figure 5).
Figure 5: Line 14, Depreciation (on screen 3)
Both lines 14a and 14b on screen 3 are adjustment fields.
•
•
Line 14a — See field-level help for further instructions and information on
how this field ties in to Form 4562.
Line 14b — Drake recommends entering depreciation on the 4562 screen,
and then selecting COGS from the For drop list at the top of the screen. You
can also use screen A (rather than screen 3) to enter depreciation claimed on
Schedule A. An entry on screen A adjusts any entry on line 14b of screen 3
and is calculated into the total deductions for page 1 of the 1120S. If there is
an entry on line 14b but not on screen A, only the line 14b amount will be calculated into total deductions.
Depletion
Enter depletion amounts on screen 3. Omit timber (use Form T, Forest Activities
Schedules) and oil and gas properties. (Each shareholder should figure depletion.)
Advertising
Enter advertising expenses on screen 3.
Tax Year 2010
9
Tax and Payments
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Pension and Profit-Sharing
The software reduces the expense based on the credit amount calculated from Form
8881, Credit for Small Employer Pension Plan Startup Costs.
Other Deductions
Enter all other deductions on the DED screen. Drake incorporates the total into line
19, Other deductions, on Form 1120S.
The following deductions, credits, adjustments, and exclusions also flow to line 19:
•
•
•
•
Amortization from Form 4562
Credit adjustment from Form 8820, Orphan Drug Credit
Exclusion from Form 8873, Extraterritorial Income Exclusion
Credit from Form 8941, Credit for Small Employer Health-Insurance Premiums
Tax and Payments
Screen 4 has fields for completing the “Tax and Payments” section of Form 1120S.
Note that some fields are overrides. Press F1 to view more information on a field.
Net Passive Income
Line 22a, “Excess net passive income or LIFO recapture tax,” could apply to an S corporation if it was formerly a “C” corporation or if it engaged in a tax-free reorganization with a “C” corporation.
To determine if the corporation must pay the tax, complete the worksheet fields on
screen 4. If completing the IRS worksheet, enter the worksheet results on screen 4.
Enter LIFO recapture directly on screen 4.
NOTE
To force the line 22a worksheet to be printed, select the applicable box
on screen 4.
Schedule D
Use screen D to enter data for Parts I and II of Schedule D (Form 1120S), Capital
Gains and Losses and Built-in Gains. Use the DTAX screen for Part III of Schedule D
(Form 1120S). For information on using the Schedule D import feature in Drake, see
“Schedule D Imports” in Chapter 5 of the Drake Software User’s Manual: Tax Year
2010.
2010 Estimated Tax
The 1120S does not have a federal estimated tax voucher. Estimated tax payments are
required only in certain situations. An S corporation must make electronic deposits of
10
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Estimated Taxes
employment, excise, and corporate income taxes using the Electronic Federal Tax
Payments System (EFTPS).
Use the ES screen to enter estimated tax payments made for tax year 2010 and estimated amounts for tax year 2011. Future year amounts appear on the ES_SUM worksheet generated with the return.
Payments with Extensions
To make a payment with an extension request, enter the amount being paid on the
7004 screen. If an extension was previously requested and a payment was made then,
enter the amount paid on screen 4, line 23b.
Tax Paid on Fuels
Use screen 4136 to enter information for Form 4136, Credit for Federal Tax Paid on
Fuels. Note that this screen actually consists of two screens, with lines 1 through 8f on
the first screen. Press PAGE UP or PAGE DOWN to go from screen to screen.
Estimated Taxes
Use the ES screen to enter federal and state estimated taxes paid in 2010. If the return
was updated in Drake from 2009, this information is carried over. Note that this information will be overridden by any entry in the Current-year estimated tax payments
field on screen 4.
Estimated Payments for 2011
Use the ES screen for 2011 estimated payments. To enter the amount to be credited,
used the OP to 2011 field. Note that this information will be overridden by any entry
in the Amount to be credited to next year’s estimated tax field on screen 4.
Underpayment of Estimated Tax
For underpayment of estimated tax, complete all applicable fields on screen 2220.
Direct Deposit of Refunds
The IRS requires that Form 8050, Direct Deposit of Corporate Tax Refund, be submitted with an e-filed return in order for a corporate refund to be directly deposited. To
complete this form in Drake, use the DD screen (Figure 6).
Figure 6: Federal section of DD screen (also 8050 screen)
Tax Year 2010
11
Electronic Funds Withdrawal (Direct Debit)
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
When filling out the DD screen:
•
•
•
•
If the federal refund is to go to the account listed, select Yes for the Federal
Account selection; otherwise, select No. (Default is Yes.)
If a state refund is to go to the account listed, select the state abbreviation from the
State/city selection drop list.
Enter the name of the financial institution, the routing number (RTN), the account
number, and the type of account (Checking or Savings).
Re-enter the RTN, account number and type of account to verify.
If receiving refunds from different state tax authorities, use the State Account boxes
on the DD screen to indicate where other state refunds should be deposited.
International ACH Transactions
In 2009, state taxing agencies added foreign account questions to their forms to comply with NACHA rules regarding International ACH transactions (IAT); however,
processing IAT is not yet supported by any federal or state tax authority at this time. If
you were to indicate that the account was outside the U.S., the state tax authority
would automatically ignore the account information and either issue a refund via
paper check, or contact the taxpayer requesting the payment of a balance due via
check or domestic bank account. If you indicate that an account is located outside of
the U.S., Drake Software generates a message page instructing you to choose an
account located in the U.S.
For more information, see Screen Help on the DD screen and PMT screens.
Electronic Funds Withdrawal (Direct Debit)
Use the PMT screen, accessible from the General tab, to indicate that the balance due
for an e-filed return should be withdrawn (direct-debited) from an account.
Program Defaults and Overrides
By default, the program indicates that the entire balance due (the “Amount owed” section of Form 1120S) is to be withdrawn on the return due date. To indicate otherwise,
complete the Requested payment date override field(s) for the applicable payment.
If the return is e-filed on or before the due date, the requested payment date cannot be
later than the due date. If the return is transmitted after the due date, the requested payment date cannot be later than the current date.
Required Information
A Withdrawal selection (item 1 in Figure 7) is required if the program is to direct tax
authorities to withdraw funds from the taxpayer’s account.
12
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Filing an Extension
Figure 7: Required fields on PMT screen: withdrawal selection (1);
account information (2); specified return (3)
The name of the financial institution, routing number (RTN), account number, and
account type are required. As with the DD screen, the RTN, Account number, and
Type of account data must be entered twice (item 2 in Figure 7).
Finally, the PMT screen must indicate the return to which the payment data applies
(item 3 in Figure 7). Put a check mark in the box of the applicable return type.
Withdrawal from Multiple Accounts
Only one account can be designated for direct debit of funds for payment of federal or
state taxes. To have state amounts withdrawn from an account other than the account
indicated for federal payments, complete the fields in the State Account sections of
the PMT screen.
NOTE
Neither the federal nor the state balance due can be paid from more
than one account.
Filing an Extension
Calendar year returns are due on March 15, 2011. By filing Form 7004, an S corporation can extend the deadline six months to September 15. Fiscal year returns are due
on the 15th day of the third month after the end of their year. Form 7004 extends the
deadline six months.
To file an 1120S extension, use either of the following options:
•
•
Go to the 7004 screen in Drake and select Generate an extension. Complete any
other applicable fields on the screen.
Go to the PRNT screen and select Prepare Form 7004 based on screen 1 data.
Signing the Return
Electronic (PIN) signatures are required for e-filed returns. If e-filing a return, complete all fields on the PIN screen. A return cannot be e-filed if the PIN screen is not
completed, including the title and signature (name) of the officer signing the return.
Tax Year 2010
13
Amending a Return
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
An 1120S return must be signed and dated by one of the following individuals:
•
•
The corporation’s president, vice president, treasurer, assistant treasurer, or chief
accounting officer
Any other corporate officer, such as a tax officer, who is authorized to sign
If the return is prepared by a paid preparer, the preparer must complete the required
information and sign the return in the space provided. If it is prepared by an employee
or officer of the corporation, select NONE in the Firm # and Preparer # fields on
screen 1.
To have the preparer’s name and address information displayed on the printed return:
•
•
If the return preparer and ERO (entered in Setup > ERO) are the same:
– Go to Setup > Preparer(s) and ensure that the Alternative Electronic Signature box is marked for the preparer.
– Complete the PIN screen for the return.
If the return preparer and ERO are not the same:
– Go to the PRNT screen for the return and complete the field labeled PIN for
preparer’s alternative electronic signature. The PIN entered should match
the one entered for the preparer in Setup > Preparer(s). (For more information, press F1 in this field.)
NOTE
Setup > ERO must still be completed for e-filing. See the IRS instructions for further details on signature requirements.
Amending a Return
New in 2010, amended 1120S can be e-filed using Drake Software.
CAUTION
When you amend a return in Drake, the amended information
replaces the original in the data file. Before amending a return, you
should archive the original to avoid losing previously submitted data.
For more information on archiving returns, see “Archive Manager” in
Chapter 6, “Return Results,” of the Drake Software User’s Manual:
Tax Year 2010.
To file an amended 1120S return:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Go to screen 1 and select Amended return in section H.
Make changes as applicable to forms and schedules.
Go to the EF screen and mark the 1120S check box on the left side of the screen.
Go to the AMD screen and list the changes that have been made, along with an
explanation for each change. Use a different AMD screen for each line of the
1120S. Press PAGE DOWN to open a new AMD screen.
If amending just the K-1s, go to each applicable K1 screen, select Amended K1, and
make needed changes.
14
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
NOTE
Additional Information
When amending an 1120S return, all K-1s are amended, and the
“Amended K-1” box on the return marked, by default. To override this
default, go to the PRNT screen and mark Do NOT check amended
box on Sch. K-1. (See Figure 9 on page 18.)
Additional Information
This section covers Schedule B (Other Information), state-specific information, and
some program overrides.
Schedule B
Enter the accounting method, principal business activity, and product or service on
screen 1. This information (questions 1 and 2 of Schedule B) flows to Schedule B.
Use screen B to answer questions 3–8 of Schedule B. If the S corporation owned,
directly or indirectly, 50% or more of the voting stock of a domestic corporation,
select Yes for question 3 and click the B3 link to enter information about the domestic
corporation owned. (You can enter information for up to 15 corporations per B3
screen; to add more, click PAGE DOWN.)
State-specific Information
Resident
State
The program automatically generates a return for the corporation’s resident state. Use
screen 2 to enter company information as it should appear on the state return.
NOTE
The company information fields on screen 2 apply for the resident state
only.
Company information includes the type of return that applies for state purposes (consolidated, composite, controlled group, multi-state) and state-specific dates and numbers for identification.
Other States
Data for other states must be entered manually in state data entry. To access state data
entry, select the States tab from the return menu and choose a state.
Contact
Information
If certain contact information required for state purposes is different from that entered
on screen 1, use screen 2 for the alternative data for any of the following entities:
•
•
•
•
Registered office
Principal place of business
“Books in care of”
General contact information
Screen 2 also has fields for the name, title, e-mail address, ID number, and telephone
number of the S corporation’s contact person.
Tax Year 2010
15
Schedule K: Shareholders’ Pro Rata Share Items
NEW FOR
2010
Officer
Information
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
An Address Line 2 field at the bottom of screen 2 is available for entering an alternative address. For example, if the address on screen 1 is a
street address and the S corporation also has a P.O. box, you can enter
the P.O. box information on screen 2.
Screen E, Officer Information, is for state purposes only. Nothing entered on this
screen is carried to the federal return.
Other Information and Overrides
Use screen 1 to enter the following additional information:
•
•
Resident State — If the corporation has a mailing address in one state but does
business in another, select the state in which the corporation does business from
the Resident State drop list.
Drake Codes and Overrides — Information on miscellaneous codes, invoice
numbers, and override fields is covered in the Drake Software User’s Manual: Tax
Year 2010.
Schedule K: Shareholders’ Pro Rata Share Items
Screen K, which consists of three screens, can be used to enter data for Schedule K,
Shareholders’ Pro Rata Share Items. Note the K fields are primarily adjustment fields.
Press F1 (or use the right-click menu) to see what amounts are adjusted from elsewhere in the program.
Navigation
Press PAGE UP and PAGE DOWN to navigate from one K screen to another. There are
three K screens:
•
•
•
16
Shareholders’ Pro Rata Share Items (Income and Deductions)
Credits & Credit Recapture & Foreign Transactions
Alternative Minimum & Other Information and Stock Transaction Dates
TIP
The most commonly used Schedule K items can be answered on
screen 3, Income and Deductions. If these amounts are entered on
screen 3, they do not need to be entered on the K screens.
NOTE
Because charitable contributions are separately stated to the shareholders, there is no “Charitable Contributions” line on the 1120S return.
Charitable contribution information belongs instead on the Schedule K.
Enter charitable contributions in the bottom third of screen 3 or in the
line 12a - Contributions fields of the K screens. Any contribution limitation is done at the shareholder level.
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Schedule K-1 for 1120S (Shareholder Information)
Stock and Ownership Transaction Dates
Enter stock transaction dates on the third K screen (Alternative Minimum & Other
Information and Stock Transaction Dates). This data ties into Schedule K-1, section F. (See Figure 8.) When changes in shares are entered on the K-1, the program
assumes that the changes occurred on the dates entered on the K screen.
NOTE
The program calculates stock ownership changes for only four transaction dates. If more than four changes are necessary, the shareholder's
annualized percentage must be calculated outside of the program and
the applicable amounts reported on each shareholder's K-1 and
entered on the K1 screens as overrides.
For more detailed information about entering shareholder ownership changes, see
item P, “Entering Shareholder Ownership Changes,” in the 1120S program FAQs,
accessible from any tab in the Data Entry Menu.
Schedule K-1 for 1120S (Shareholder Information)
Use the K1 screen to enter data for Schedule K-1, Shareholder’s Share of Income,
Deductions, Credits, etc.
Percentage Ownership
For percentage of stock ownership (see Figure 8), enter the number representing the
change in shares on the applicable stock transaction dates (as entered on the third
screen K; see “Stock and Ownership Transaction Dates,” previously).
Figure 8: Screen K1, “Percentage of Stock Ownership” section
Do not enter percentages in the Change in shares fields; percentages are calculated
by the program based on the numbers entered in section F (Figure 8). A percentage
should be entered only if the program calculations must be overridden; enter the percentage in the Shareholder’s % of stock ownership override field at the bottom of
section F.
IRS K-1 Codes
A code sheet can follow the printing of each Form 1120S K-1 to help interpret the various codes used on Schedule K-1. In Drake, this is the 1120SK_1.PG3 sheet. To have
this sheet printed with all K-1 schedules, go to Setup > Options > Form & Schedule
Options tab and mark the Print Page 2 of Schedule K-1 check box. The codes can
Tax Year 2010
17
Schedule K-1 for 1120S (Shareholder Information)
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
also be printed for a specific return by marking the applicable box on the PRNT
screen, and are available from Tools > Blank Forms.
NOTE
Codes sheets are not displayed in View mode. If the 1120S K-1 is
selected for printing, it is printed first, followed by the statements pertaining to that 1120S K-1. These are followed by the code sheets.
The generated Schedule K-1 may include asterisks with letter codes.
•
•
An asterisk with a letter code indicates that multiple items have that code.
An asterisk at the bottom of a group indicates that there are more items than can fit
in the space provided for that group and that a statement is attached, or that the
statement is required (as in the case of “other” amounts).
Multiple Shareholders
For returns with a large number of shareholders, you have the option to deactivate calculation and printing of the K-1s while working on the Form 1120S. This option,
which eases the process of reconciling the 1120S, is available by going to the PRNT
screen and marking the box under K-1 Items to Suppress (Figure 9).
Figure 9: Check box for suppressing K-1 items (located on PRNT screen)
When the return is ready to be filed, return to the PRNT screen and remove this check
mark before calculating the return.
Override Fields
It is not possible to override the calculations for a single shareholder. To override calculated data, it is necessary to override the calculated amount on all K-1 schedules.
IMPORTANT
Shareholder overrides should not be done for an S corporation
except in certain circumstances, such as ownership changes.
Foreign Addresses
If the shareholder has a foreign address, enter Province (or State), Country, and
Postal Code information in the Foreign Address ONLY address line of the Name
and Address Information section (along with the street address and city in the
Address and City fields). Do not enter anything in the U.S. State or ZIP fields. Conversely, for a U.S. address, do not enter anything into the foreign address fields
K-1 Export
Take the following steps to export a K-1 from an 1120S return into a 1040 return:
18
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Schedule K-1 for 1120S (Shareholder Information)
1. Ensure that K-1 data is entered in the 1120S and that the 1040 has been created.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
(The K1S screen in the 1040 does not have to be created beforehand.)
In the 1120S return, go to View mode.
Click K1 Export in the View mode toolbar. A list of SSNs that cannot be
exported appears, as applicable.
Click Next to continue.
Select the SSNs to be exported by marking the boxes to the left of the SSNs.
Click Export. The K-1 data will be displayed in the 1040 return in the program.
NOTE
Basis information for individual shareholders should be entered in the
1040 package in Drake; this information cannot be exported from the
1120S package to a 1040 return. Such an import would override limitations and carryovers calculated in the 1040 program.
Supplemental Info
Two types of supplemental information can be added to Schedules K-1:
•
•
Supplemental data for all K-1s in a return
Supplemental data for a single K-1 in a return
To add supplemental information “globally” (to all K-1s), from the Data Entry
Menu, open screen K1G (Global Supplemental Information) and enter the information in the Supplemental Information block. This information will appear on all
printed shareholder K-1s.
To add supplemental information to an individual K-1, open a shareholder’s K1
screen and click the blue Supplemental Info link at the top of the screen. In the Supplemental Information pane (Figure 10), enter information pertinent to this shareholder. When the return is printed, this information will appear only on this
shareholder’s K-1.
Figure 10: In this example, the information entered on the K1S screen appears
only on the individual shareholder’s K-1.
Domestic Production Activities
An S corporation does not take the deduction for Form 8903, Domestic Production
Activities Deduction. Because the deduction is subject to income limitations, this
information must be reported on shareholders’ individual returns. Shareholders use
the pass-through amounts to calculate their eligibility for the deduction.
Tax Year 2010
19
Schedule K-1 for 1120S (Shareholder Information)
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
On the 8903 screen, if the Print K1-8903 for each shareholder box is not selected,
the amounts flow to the K-1, line 12, with codes Q and R. When this box is selected,
the information flows to the K-1_8903 instead of box 12 on the K-1. The K1_8903 is
referenced on a statement. Code P is printed on line 12 of the K-1, which refers to
domestic production activities information.
Review the screen 8903 screen-level help, and the 8903 instructions (accessible
through the Screen Help button on the 8903 screen) to determine when the K1_8903
in needed.
NOTES
Line 11 (“Income limitation”) of Form 8903 is not applicable for the S
corporation because the income limitation is calculated at the shareholder level.
“Form W-2 wages” (on the 8903 screen) refers to the corporation’s W-2
wages paid that are applicable to the Domestic Production Activities
Deduction.
K-1 Cover Letters
K-1 cover letters can be produced to accompany each Schedule K-1 in a return. You
can set up the global option to produce K-1 cover letters for all returns containing K-1
schedules, or you can choose the option on a per-return basis.
Producing
Letters for
All Returns
To have the K-1 cover letters produced automatically with all applicable returns, go to
Setup > Options. Under the Optional Documents tab, mark the box labeled Include
K-1 letter with returns. The signature on the return can be indicated in one of two
ways:
•
•
Producing
Letters for
Single
Return
By completing the Signature and Title fields on the PIN screen
By completing the Name and Title fields on the K1L screen (entries here override
entries on the PIN screen)
If no default has been set to produce K-1 cover letters with all returns, you can take the
following steps to generate letters for a single return:
1. Open the return and go to screen K1L.
2. At the bottom of the screen, enter the name and title of the person who will be
signing the K-1 cover letter.
3. (optional) Mark Do not print entity information ... at the bottom of the screen in
order to prevent the corporation’s name and address from being generated in the
header of the K-1 letter.
NOTE
To have the corporation’s name and address generated for K-1 letters,
go to Setup > Letters > Setup > Letterhead and Margins and select
Use Firm Info on Letters.
Once the required signing information has been entered, a K-1 cover letter will be
generated for each shareholder receiving a K-1.
20
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Editing the
K-1 Letter
Schedule K-1 for 1120S (Shareholder Information)
As with other letters provided by the program, you can edit the text to suit your office
needs and style.
TIP
Review the following sections of the Drake Software User’s Manual:
Tax Year 2010 before making changes to letter templates:
- “Introduction to Letters in Drake” in Chapter 2, Installation & Setup
- The “Letter Keywords” section of Appendix C, Keywords
To edit the text of the K-1 letter:
1. From the Home window, select Setup > Letters. The Client Communications
Editor is displayed.
2. Select Open > S Corporation > Sub S K-1 Cover to view the template of the S
corporation K-1 letter.
3. Make any desired changes to the template.
4. Click Save.
NOTE
For an amended return, the K-1 letter automatically refers to the
amended K-1. To edit the letter for an amended K-1, select Open > S
Corporation > Sub S K1 Amended and follow steps 3 and 4 of the
previous procedure.
Shareholder’s Adjusted Basis Worksheet
NOTE
Basis information for individual shareholders should be entered in the
1040 package in Drake; this information cannot be exported from the
1120S package to a 1040 return. Such an import would override limitations and carryovers calculated in the 1040 program.
Use the Shareholder’s Adjusted Basis Worksheet (Basis Wks screen) to calculate a
shareholder's new basis after increases and decreases are made during the current year.
The basis of S corporation stock is adjusted on an ongoing basis (unlike for a “C” corporation, where stock basis remains constant unless additional stock purchases are
made or stock is sold). A shareholder’s beginning basis in S corporation stock is the
original capital contribution.
The Basis Wks screen is accessible by clicking the Basis Wks tab at the top of the K1
screen for a shareholder (Figure 11). (Access the K1 screen from the Data Entry
Menu.)
Figure 11: K1 screen tab for accessing the Adjusted Basis Worksheet
Tax Year 2010
21
Schedule L: Balance Sheet Per Books
Increases
and
Decreases
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Increases to basis can include additional stock purchases and capital contributions,
separately stated income (including tax-exempt income), and depletion in excess of
basis of property.
Decreases to basis can include distributions of cash or property to shareholders, separately stated losses and deductions, nondeductible corporation expenses, and credit
adjustments.
Annual
Update of
Shareholder
Information
When the program is updated to the next tax year, the end-of-year basis and shareholder loan amounts are automatically updated to the beginning of the new year. Any
loss/deduction carryover is updated to the beginning of the year and its character
(ordinary loss, section 179 expense, charitable contributions, etc.) maintained. The
program also tracks the amount of debt applied to losses and the total amount of loss
carryforwards.
NOTE
If a K1 screen is marked as final, none of the related screens for that
shareholder are updated for the next year.
Schedule L: Balance Sheet Per Books
Schedule L is required if the corporation’s total receipts for the tax year or its total
assets at the end of the year is greater than $250,000.
NOTES
To force the program to print Schedule L even if not required, go to the
PRNT screen and select Force-print Schedules L and M-1.
With the Trial Balance Import feature, you might not need to use screen
L at all. See “Importing Trial Balance Information” on page 38.
Flow of Information
Many of the entries made elsewhere on the return flow automatically to the generated
Schedule L (for example, inventory information from the Schedule A). Depreciable
asset information from the 4562 screen and intangible assets and amortization also
flow to Schedule L.
The SCH2 Screen
The SCH2 screen is used to provide detailed information required by the IRS for certain lines on Schedule L. This screen can be used in place of the actual L screen in
Drake. In other words, if you use this screen for all applicable lines on Schedule L,
you do not need to make any entries on the L screen.
NOTES
22
All line selections are carried to the SCH2 screen in next year’s program when the returns are updated. Line descriptions are updated, with
the year-end amounts carried to the beginning-of-year column.
To access the SCH2 screen from the L screen, click the SCH2 Screen
link on lines 6, 9, or 14 (or press CTRL+2).
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Schedule L: Balance Sheet Per Books
To create a statement for a line, select a line from the drop list and enter descriptions
and their corresponding amounts. Once the information is entered, or if additional
descriptions are required for the line, press PAGE DOWN to access a new screen.
Statements
The total amounts entered on the SCH2 screen do not show up on the actual L screen
in the program. They are, however, printed on the return as applicable, with references
to the corresponding statements.
The type of statement produced by the program depends on the selected line and the
IRS requirements. If a line is required, a statement labeled “STATEMENT” is produced and is e-filed with the return. If a line is not required, a statement sheet
(“STMT”) is produced and is not e-filed with the return.
Note that an e-fileable “STATEMENT” is referenced in the return, as shown in the
example of Figure 12.
Figure 12: Data entered on the “Other current assets” line will be attached as an
e-fileable statement and referenced on the applicable line of the return.
SCH2 and
Trial Balance
Typically, one or more SCH2 detail screens are needed for Schedule L items. If you
are using Drake’s trial balance worksheet feature, be aware that data for the SCH2
screens cannot be entered directly into the trial balance worksheet, and it cannot be
imported into the data entry. The SCH2 detail screens must be created apart from the
trial balance worksheet.
When the return is produced, Schedule L reflects both the amounts imported from the
trial balance worksheets (where direct entry was allowed) and the totals of the SCH2
screen amounts.
For more information, see “SCH2 Detail” on page 45.
Tax Year 2010
23
Schedules M-1, M-3 (Reconciliation of Books/Return)
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Autobalance
Autobalance forces Schedule L to balance for both the beginning- and end-of-year
amounts. The program adjusts the unappropriated retained earnings amount on Schedule L by the difference between the total assets and the total liabilities and capital
before the adjustment.
(Example: If Assets = $1,000, and Liabilities and Capital = $900, the program
increases the unappropriated retained earnings by $100.)
The program makes the adjustment due to differences in the balance sheet. These differences can come from amounts entered incorrectly but are usually the result of one
of the following causes:
•
•
•
An asset was deleted from the 4562 screen (Depreciation Detail) instead of being
indicated as sold.
Beginning inventory amounts were adjusted on Schedule A, or ending inventory
amounts were entered incorrectly.
Amounts were erroneously deleted or changed from screen L.
To reconcile the differences, it is best to compare the corporation’s beginning and ending balance sheet amounts for the tax year.
To deactivate the autobalance feature for a specific return, go to the PRNT screen and
select Turn off autobalance.
Schedules M-1, M-3 (Reconciliation of Books/Return)
Schedule M-1 is required if the balance sheet’s total assets at the end of the year are
greater than $250,000. Schedule M-3 is required if the balance sheet’s total assets at
the end of the year equal or exceed $10 million.
NOTE
If the S corporation is filing Schedule M-3, and there are entries on the
M1 screen, it’s best to delete the M1 screen. To do so, open the M1
screen and press CTRL+D.
Schedule M-1
Schedule M-1 shows all items of income and expense that are not subject to tax, plus
those accounting items that are not income tax items. When required, taxpayers must
reconcile book income with taxable income.
Use the M1 screen to enter book-to-tax difference for Schedule M-1. Book-to-tax differences are classified as permanent or temporary, and as favorable or unfavorable.
Examples of both kinds of differences are shown in Table 1.
24
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Schedules M-1, M-3 (Reconciliation of Books/Return)
Table 1: Examples Book-to-Tax Differences for Schedule M-1
Difference
Depreciation
and
Amortization
Adjustments
Description
Examples
Permanent
Book or tax items that will never be
reported for book or tax purposes
- Meals & entertainment limitations
- Penalties
- Tax-exempt interest
Temporary
Items that will be reported for both
tax and book purposes, but not during the same tax year
- Depreciation
- Gains or losses on the sale of
depreciated assets
Favorable
Items that reduce taxable income
- Instances in which tax depreciation
amount is greater than book depreciation amount
Unfavorable
Items that increase taxable income
- Disallowed meals & entertainment
The program may make an adjustment for book-to-tax depreciation (or amortization)
differences. The calculation is done with the following steps. (This procedure refers to
“depreciation” throughout, but it applies for either depreciation or amortization.)
1. The amount reported on Schedule L “Beginning of Year” accumulated depreciation (line 10b, column a) is subtracted from the “End of Year” accumulated depreciation (line 10b, column c). This is the “book” depreciation amount.
2. This “book” depreciation amount is compared to the “tax” depreciation amount.
(The “tax” depreciation amount is calculated from the Form(s) 4562, including
any section 179 amounts.)
3. The difference between the “book” and “tax” depreciation amounts is carried to
the appropriate form and line.
• If the “book” depreciation amount is greater than the “tax” depreciation
amount, the difference is carried to one of the following locations:
– Schedule M-1, line 3a
– Schedule M-3, Part III, line 24 (as a negative amount)
– Form 8916-A, line 2l (as a negative amount for assets selected on the
4562 detail screen for COGS)
• If the “tax” depreciation amount is greater than the “book” depreciation
amount, the difference is carried to one of the following locations:
– Schedule M-1, line 6a
– Schedule M-3, Part III, line 24 (as a positive amount)
– Form 8916-A, line 2l (as a positive amount for assets selected on the 4562
detail screen for COGS)
Schedule M-3
Any domestic corporation or group of corporations that report on Schedule L of Form
1120S total assets at the end of the S corporation’s tax year that equal or exceed $10
million must complete and file Schedule M-3 instead of Schedule M-1. If the S corpo-
Tax Year 2010
25
Schedule M-2 (Analysis of Accounts)
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
ration is required to file (or voluntarily files) Schedule M-3, it must file Form 1120S
and all attachments and schedules, including Schedule M-3.
Accessing
the M3
Screens
The Schedule M-3 section of the Data Entry Menu provides direct access to the following screens:
•
•
•
•
M3, M32, and M33 — for Parts I, II, and III of the Schedule M-3
M3S — for supplemental statements
SCH3 — for subsidiary schedules for Schedule M-3 and Form 8916-A
8916A — for Form 8916-A, Supplemental Attachment to Schedule M-3
Certain income, deductions, gains, and losses flow from the 1120S to the M-3 in the
program, but all other M-3 data must be entered manually on the M3 screens.
NOTE
The SCH3
Screen
Parts II and III of Schedule M-3 reconcile financial statement net
income (loss) for the U.S. tax return (per Schedule M-3, Part I, line 11)
to total income (loss) on Form 1120S, page 3, Schedule K, line 18.
The SCH3 screen is similar to the SCH2 screen and is used to provide detailed information for Schedule M-3 and Form 8916-A. It can be used in place of the actual M3
and 8916A screens.
For more information on using this type of screen, see “The SCH2 Screen” on
page 22.
Schedule M-2 (Analysis of Accounts)
NOTE
On an 1120S return (unlike an 1120 return), Schedule M-2 is not a reconciliation of retained earnings.
For an S corporation return, Schedule M-2 is the analysis of the Accumulated Adjustment Account. Schedule M-2 information can be entered on the M2 screen and elsewhere in the program, but most information is carried to the M-2 automatically. See
“Entering Distributions,” following.
Schedule M-2 represents a corporate picture of the income, losses, and distributions to
shareholders and tracks tax-free distributions and helps determine if excess distributions might be taxable to shareholders. If a shareholder receives more in distributions
than he or she has in basis, the result might be taxable.
Entering Distributions
Code Section 6037 states that an S corporation return must report the amount and date
of distributions made to each shareholder. New in 2010, the DIST screen is used for
entering date and distribution amounts for Schedule K, line 16d, Distributions. In
addition to line 16d, the total from the DIST screen may flow to Schedule M-2, line 7
(subject to limitations) and to the Schedules K-1 based on the shareholder’s ownership
percentage. Schedule K-1 distribution information is displayed on the K1_DIST
worksheet produced with the return.
26
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Schedule M-2 (Analysis of Accounts)
Column A, Accumulated Adjustments Account
The Accumulated Adjustments Account (AAA) column generally reflects the S corporation’s accumulated undistributed net income after 1982. Non-dividend distributions flow to Schedule M-2 from Schedule K, line 16d. An entry in the Non-dividend
distributions field (line 7) of the M2 screen adjusts the amount from the K screen
(subject to limitations; see balance-sheet examples on the following page).
Distributions reported on line 7 flow differently from the amount entered on the DIST
screen. (See the previous section, “Entering Distributions.”) The distributions are limited following the ordering rules under Reg §1.1368.2.
TIP
See Form 1120S instructions for more details and examples.
These rules are for Schedule M-2, Column a:
•
•
•
Line 1 balance — The balance at the beginning of tax year, line 1 is either
zero or the balance carried forward from line 8 of the previous year. Due to
prior-year net losses and reductions, the amount on line 1 can be negative.
Changes to AAA — The AAA is increased for ordinary income from page 1,
line 21 (line 2) and other additions listed on line 3. The AAA is then
decreased for any loss from page 1, line 21 (line 4) and other reductions listed
on line 5.
Reduction of AAA — Once these adjustments are made, the AAA is reduced
by ordinary distributions on line 7, but not less than zero. Thus, if the distributions are $20,000, but the net amount on line 6 is $10,000, line 7 is limited to
$10,000. If line 6 is a negative number, then line 7 will be zero (in this example). To allow an amount on this line would take the AAA to a larger negative
number. (That is, even more below zero than it really is).
The rules from the preceding chart apply when the net adjustment for lines 2 through 5
is positive. When the net adjustment for lines 2 through 5 is negative, the ordering
rules are switched and AAA is decreased by ordinary distributions (but not below
zero) before the net negative adjustment for lines 2 through 5.
Tax Year 2010
27
Rental Activities
Important
Note about
the AAA
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
A corporation can make distributions greater than the amount on line 6 of the M-2, but
those distributions could be taxable to the shareholders. Enter distributions on the
DIST screen; this way, the amounts flow automatically to Schedules M-2 and K-1 but
are limited based on the rules described previously. (For more information on the
DIST screen, see “Entering Distributions” on page 26.)
Line 7 is limited to the lesser of the amount for line 7 or the positive amount from line
6. If line 6 is negative, line 7 is then limited to the positive amount on line 1. If line 1
and line 6 are both negative, line 7 is completely disallowed on the Schedule M-2.
Distributions are entered on the DIST screen to be reported to the shareholders,
regardless of the Schedule M-2 limitation.The AAA cannot be negative as a result of
distributions, but it can be negative if it arises from losses.
Column B, Other Adjustments Account
Use Column B to enter any amounts you want printed in the corresponding column in
the printed return. Officer life insurance and applicable tax-exempt income flows to
Schedule M-2, Column B (“Other adjustments account”), line 5. All other amounts
(such as expenses) must be entered manually on the M2 screen.
Column C, Undistributed Taxable Income Previously Taxed
The total of Column C cannot be negative. This column is active in an 1120S only if
the entity was ever a “C” corporation (thus having earnings and profit (E&P)) or if it
was a pre-1983 S corporation. By design, Drake does not allow negative numbers in
Column C.
If a corporation becomes an S corporation and has net operating losses (NOLs), the
NOL is not generated for the return because it cannot be carried to an 1120S (the IRS
does not want the NOL to be used by the shareholders to offset income); it either runs
out within the years allowable for the NOL by statute or is used if the S corporation
terminates its “S” status within those years.
Rental Activities
Income and expenses for rental real estate properties appear on Form 8825, Rental
Real Estate Income and Expenses of a Partnership or an S Corporation. To make
entries in Drake, use the 8825 screen.
If there are multiple 8825 properties, press PAGE DOWN for a new 8825 screen. Use
one screen per rental property. If a return has more than one 8825 screen, the program
28
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Rental Activities
reports each property’s information on a separate column of Form 8825 (up to eight
properties can be included on a form). Data from all 8825 screens are transmitted to
the IRS when the return is e-filed.
NOTE
Special steps are required if using the trial balance worksheet for multiple rentals. See “Rental Expenses” on page 46.
Line 14, Depreciation
If the program is calculating depreciation (entered on the 4562 screen) for the property
listed on Form 8825, do not enter the depreciation on the 8825 screen. Depreciation
should be entered only if it is figured outside of the Drake program, and then the net
results should be entered on screen 8825. The amount entered on line 14 is added to
the depreciation calculated from the 4562 screens.
NOTE
Carrying
Information
to Form 8825
Form 4562 is required for assets placed in service during the year.
To indicate that the information should be carried to Form 8825, select 8825 from the
For drop list on screen 4562. If there are multiple 8825 screens, use the Multi-form
code box. For information on using the Multi-form code box, see the Drake Software
User’s Manual: Tax Year 2010.
Figure 13: In this example, the program will carry the 4562 information
to the third 8825 screen created.
Any depreciation information entered on the 4562 screen is carried to the correct
Form 8825, based on the form and multi-form code selections at the top of the 4562
detail screens.
IMPORTANT
When selecting a multi-form code, note that the code should refer
to an 8825 screen—not the 8825 form. For example, data from
the third 8825 screen will be generated on the first Form 8825. To
associate an asset with that information, you would enter a “3” for
the screen (not a “1” for the form) in the Multi-form code box. For
more information on Form 8825, see “Viewing Rental Activity
Information,” below.
Line 15, Other Expenses (list)
Enter meals and entertainment (subject to 50% limit) in the appropriate field on line
15. To enter additional other expenses, begin typing into the Additional other
Tax Year 2010
29
Credits and Adjustments
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
expenses field to open a Detail (CTRL+W) worksheet. Enter descriptions and amounts
on this worksheet.
A statement from each 8825 property is printed with the return and is submitted to the
IRS when the return is transmitted.
Use the K1P screen to enter rental income the S corporation receives on a K-1. This
amount is carried to Form 8825, lines 20a and 20b. No entry in required on the 8825
screen.
Viewing Rental Activity Information
Rental activity data is viewed on the 8825 forms and accompanying statements.
•
8825 Forms — The two-page Form 8825 can contain information for up to
eight rental activities. Each Form 8825 in View mode contains up to eight
rental activities. If more are entered, a second Form 8825 is created.
Figure 14: Multiple 8825 pages are created if more than eight rental activities.
•
The Form 8825 in View mode consists of one or more pages (depending on
the number of rental activities) listing up to four rental activities per page. If
more than four rental activities are entered, scroll down to the second page of
the Form 8825 when viewing.
8825 Statements — Statements are titled STM_8825_XX, where XX equals
the instance of the 8825 screen. (For example, the statements for the first and
second 8825 screens would be labeled STM_8825_01 and STM_8825_02,
respectively.) There are also 8825 attachments (8825_ATT) for other reporting information.
Credits and Adjustments
Certain credits require an adjustment to either income or expenses. The program carries the required adjustments to the appropriate line of the return and to either Schedule M-1 or Schedule M-3.
30
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Making Changes on the Fly
Manually reducing the expenses or deductions or increasing the income for these
credits causes the return to be out of balance.
Adjustments are made to other income for the credit amounts for the following credits:
•
•
•
Form 6478, Alcoholic and Cellulosic Biofuel Fuels Credit
Form 8864, Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Fuels Credit
Form 8912, Credit to Holders of Tax Credit Bonds (interest income)
Adjustments are made to the appropriate deduction or expense for the credit amounts
for the following credits:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Form 5884, Work Opportunity Credit
Form 6765, Credit for Increasing Research Activities
Form 8820, Orphan Drug Credit
Form 8845, Indian Employment Credit
Form 8846, Credit for Employer Social Security and Medicare Taxes Paid on Certain Employee Tips
Form 8881, Credit for Small Employer Pension Plan Startup Costs
Form 8844, Empowerment Zone and Renewal Community Credit
Form 8912, Credit to Holders of Tax Credit Bonds
Form 8941, Credit for Small Employer Health Insurance Premiums
Making Changes on the Fly
Use the PRNT screen to override program defaults.
Suppressing/Forcing Items
To suppress or force certain documents, go to the PRNT screen and select the desired
options. Many “on-the-fly” changes will override the options established in Setup.
1120S Items
These items can be “forced” (forcing the program to generate the item) on a return:
•
•
•
•
•
Schedules L and M-1
Form 4562 (Depreciation and Amortization)
Next-year depreciation listing
“Inactive return” printed on first page of the 1120S
Preparer and officer signature on printed copy of return
The following 1120S items can be “suppressed” (kept from being generated) on a
return:
•
•
•
Tax Year 2010
Schedule M-2
WK_M2 (Retained Earnings Reconciliation Worksheet)
Form and worksheet references
31
Electronic Filing
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
NOTE
K-1 Items
Form and worksheet references are for the benefit of the preparer and
client but are not required for the tax return. References appear on tax
forms to clarify which worksheets (available in View mode) correspond
to which calculations, and which forms/screens certain amounts are
carried from.
The following K-1 items can be “forced” (forcing the program to generate the item)
on a return:
•
•
Shareholder’s adjusted basis worksheet (WK_SBAS)
K-1 codes (page 2 of the Schedule K-1)
The following K-1 items can be “suppressed” (kept from being generated) on a return:
•
•
Related documents: Schedule K-1, K-1 cover letter, K1_ATT worksheet (for K-1
statement overflow), and shareholder’s adjusted basis worksheet (WK_SBAS)
Marking of “Amended K-1” box on printed Schedule K-1
Overriding Other Setup Options
Filing instructions and envelope coversheets can be either forced or suppressed from
the PRNT screen to override the global setting in Setup.
NEW FOR
2010
A default due date for filing is printed on all letters and filing instructions
generated with a return. You can now override the default by entering
an alternate due date in the Due date to print on letter and filing inst
field on the PRNT screen.
The PRNT screen also includes options to disable autobalance (see “Autobalance” on
page 24), calculate the Form 2220 penalty, and prepare an extension (Form 7004)
based on the data entered on screen 1 (see “Filing an Extension” on page 13).
Electronic Filing
Steps for e-filing Form 1120S are the same as for e-filing Form 1040, with the exception of bankruptcy returns, which must be paper-filed.
NOTES
S corporations with $10 million or more in total assets that file 250 or
more returns a year are required to e-file their Form 1120S returns.
Every 1099, W-2, 940, and 941 form that is filed is counted as part of
the 250-return threshold. For example, if a corporation filing an 1120S
return also files 150 W-2 forms, each W-2 would count as a separate
return within the 250-return threshold.
Calendar year returns are due on March 15, 2011. Fiscal year returns are due on the
15th day of the third month (two and a half months) after the S corporation’s year end.
Returns can be e-filed after these dates; however, if an extension has not been filed,
penalties and interest are applied.
32
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Electronic Filing
Additional Return Types
52–53-week year returns, inactive returns, and short-year returns can all be e-filed
using Drake. For information on how to indicate a short-year return in Drake, see
“Short-Year Returns” on page 4. Information on e-filing 52–53-week returns and
short-year returns is provided in the following sections.
Electing a
52-53–Week
Year (Initial
Return)
To elect a 52-53–week year, a new entity (one that has never filed a return) must enter
data on both screen 1 and the ELEC screen.
To elect a 52-53–week year for any entity:
1. In the If not calendar year section of screen 1, enter the Fiscal year beginning
and Fiscal year ending dates. Use MMDDYYYY format, as shown in the example in Figure 15.
2. Mark the 52-53-week tax year box.
Figure 15: In this example, the fiscal year begins 12/30/09 and ends 1/1/11
(the Saturday closest to the end of December), giving the entity a 53-week year for 2010.
NOTE
An entity that has filed returns in the past must complete only steps 1
and 2 of this process. An entity that has never filed a return before must
continue with steps 3 through 6.
3. Click the ELEC link to open the Election Options screen (Figure 16).
Figure 16: Elections for 52-53-week tax years
4. For line 1, select the month in which the 52-53–week year ends for the current fiscal year. (01 = January, 02 = February, etc.)
5. For line 2, select the day of the week the tax year always ends.
6. For line 3, enter the actual date that the tax year ends (the same date entered in the
Fiscal year ending field on screen 1).
NOTE
Once a 52-53–week year is selected, the entity must use that accounting period every year. To change accounting periods, the entity must
submit to the IRS Form 3115, Application for Change in Accounting
Method.
In subsequent years, only the 52-53–week tax year check box on screen 1 must be
marked; the program automatically updates the dates.
Tax Year 2010
33
Binary Attachments
Inactive
Returns
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Entities that are inactive but are still required to file returns may e-file inactive returns
in Drake. To indicate that a return is inactive:
1. Go to the PRNT screen, accessible from the General tab.
2. Under Items to Print, mark the Print inactive return box.
When the return is calculated, the program displays the words “Inactive Return” on
the main form of the return (specifically, on lines 1c and 2). Zeros are displayed where
required by the IRS in order for amounts to be properly included in the e-file data.
NOTE
All EF messages must be cleared in order to e-file an inactive return.
For detailed instructions on e-filing returns in Drake, see Drake Software User’s Manual: Tax Year 2010.
Common Error Codes
If one or more of the following IRS error reject codes is generated when e-filing an
1120S return, the preparer must contact the IRS for further information.The e-file help
desk number is (866) 255-0654.
•
•
Reject Code 239 — Filer’s TIN and Name Control in the Return Header must
match data in the e-File database unless Form 1120S, Item H (2), Name Change
box is selected.
Reject Code 905 — Electronic Filing Identification Number (EFIN) in the Return
Header must be listed in the e-File database and in accepted status. If you get this
reject code, you must update your e-file application to include the 1120S return
type (Figure 17). This can be done at the IRS website or by calling the IRS e-file
Help Desk at (866) 255-0654.
Figure 17: The 1120 box must be marked in order to e-file Form 1120S.
Binary Attachments
Binary, or PDF, files can be attached to certain tax forms. These attachments are generally signature or third-party documents such as a copy of a signed lease or a signed
appraisal statement. In some instances, the IRS requires that a document be attached
to an e-filed return; in other instances, a document can be attached voluntarily to support or explain an entry in the return. In either case, a document must be printed,
34
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Binary Attachments
scanned into the computer (or “saved” as a PDF document), and attached to the return
in order to be e-filed with the return.
You can attach PDF files to federal S corporation 1120S returns for e-filing. The PDF
Attachments screen is accessible from the Data Entry Menu.
The PDF Attachment Process
Three main steps are involved in the PDF attachment process in Drake:
1. Creating a PDF document to be attached
2. Informing the program that a PDF document will be sent with the return
3. Attaching the PDF document for e-filing
These steps are described in the following sections.
Creating a
PDF File
To create a PDF file:
1. Scan the document to be attached to the return.
TIP
It’s a good idea to use the DDM scanning feature for this step.
2. Save the document to your client’s DDM file, your computer’s desktop, or anywhere you can readily find it.
NOTE
Adding PDF
Documents
in Drake
Many types of documents (for instance, documents created in Microsoft
Word) can be printed or “saved” as PDF documents if you have a PDF
printer (such as Adobe Reader) installed.
To indicate in the software that a PDF document will be sent with the return:
1. Open the return in Drake. From the Data Entry Menu, click PDF Attachments
(or type PDF in the selector field and press ENTER).
Figure 18: Select PDF Attachments, or type PDF into the selector field and press ENTER
2. Fill out the columns on the PDF Attachments screen. See Table 2 for examples.
Tax Year 2010
35
Binary Attachments
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Table 2: PDF Attachment Window Columns
Name of Column
Description
Examples
Reference Source
Name or number of regulation,
publication, or form instruction that
makes attachments necessary
- IRS Pub xxx-1.4
- Form Instructions for 1120S
Description
Description of form or document to
be attached
- Title of house on Oak Street
- Appraisal of Lot 1234
File name
Distinctive, easily recognizable file
name, followed by “.pdf”
- TitleHouseOakSt.pdf
- AppraisalLot1234.pdf
3. Exit the PDF Attachments window.
Because you’ve indicated that a PDF document is attached, the program generates an
EF message page regarding the attachment when the return is calculated.
Attaching
Documents
to the Return
To attach a PDF file to a return:
1. From the return, click View. If anything was entered in the PDF Attachments
window (see “Adding PDF Documents in Drake,” previously), there will be two
PDF–related items in the View/Print window:
• A red MESSAGES alert (item #1 in Figure 19)
• An Attach PDF button on the toolbar (item #2 in Figure 19)
Figure 19: The red MESSAGES file and the Attach PDF button
2. Click the red MESSAGES file to view EF messages, including information on
how to attach the required documents to the return.
3. Click the Attach PDF button. The EF PDF Attachments window displays the
information entered on the PDF Attachments window in data entry. A red X
means the document has not yet been attached; a green check mark indicates an
attached document.
36
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Binary Attachments
Figure 20: The EF PDF Attachments window
4. Click the row of a document to attach.
5. Click Browse.
6. Browse to the proper folder, select the PDF file to attach, and click Open (or double-click the file name).
Repeat for all documents with a red X. When all documents have been attached to a
completed return, the return is ready to be e-filed.
Printing Generated Documents
In some instances, Drake generates a document that must be printed, signed, and
scanned back into the computer to be attached to the return. For example, if Form
2553, Election by a Small Business Corporation, is present in an S corporation return,
message 1513 is generated when the return is calculated.
Figure 21: EF message page
As shown in Figure 21, the EF message states that attachments are required. You
would then need to obtain or complete the statements, scan them into the computer,
save them as a PDF document, and attach them to the return.
Tax Year 2010
37
Importing Trial Balance Information
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Importing Trial Balance Information
Drake’s trial balance import feature allows data to be imported into an 1120S return
from a trial balance worksheet. The trial balance template and importing function has
the following benefits:
•
•
•
Eliminates the need to duplicate entries
Reduces data entry errors by automatically importing data to the correct fields
Allows preparers to merge basic accounting functions with tax preparation
NOTE
A flow chart of the trial balance importing process is available as an
appendix at the end of this manual.
Preparing to Use Trial Balance Import
The trial balance import function can be used only on returns that were created in
Drake 2008 or later. If you haven’t already, create a client file in Drake or update an
existing client file from the prior year. Like several other functions of the tax software,
this new feature requires Microsoft Excel (version 2000 or later).
In addition, take these actions to ensure the trial balance import works properly:
•
Enable Macros — The trial balance import function uses macros in Microsoft
Excel. Check your Excel settings to ensure that macros are activated and that
macro security is set to “medium.” To do so, go to Tools > Options in Excel and
select the Security tab. Click Macro Security and select Medium, then click
OK.
NOTE
•
In Windows 7 and in Microsoft Vista, click the Office button in the upper
left and then click the Excel Options button at the bottom of the window. Next, select Trust Center from the list at left, then click the Trust
Center Settings button. Select Macro Settings from the list on the
left, then choose Disable all macros with notification. Click OK.
Disable Autobalance — (optional) When autobalance is disabled, the program is
prevented from automatically adjusting the year-end retained earnings or capital
amounts, thus allowing you to see any discrepancies in the balance sheet. To disable autobalance, go to the PRNT screen and select Turn off autobalance.
Figure 22: Disable autobalance in the
Calculations and Other Options section of PRNT screen
•
38
Force Schedule L — By default, the program does not display the balance sheet
amounts on the return if the entity does not meet the filing requirement. If this is
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Importing Trial Balance Information
the case, you must override the default setting in order to have the amounts shown
on Schedule L. To force the Schedule L amounts to be printed, go to the PRNT
screen and select the Force-print Schedules L and M-1 box.
Figure 23: Force Schedule L box for 1120S package
NOTE
•
Wording of this option varies by return package. The example above is
of the Force-print Schedules L and M-1 box for an 1120S return.
Check for Detail Worksheets — The trial balance import allows only those
detail worksheets required by the IRS. Check updated returns for detail
(CTRL+W) worksheets that are not required. For example, the IRS does not
require a detail worksheet for the Gross receipts field on screen 3; if a return has
a detail worksheet for that field, the trial balance will not be imported correctly
into the return. Detail worksheets are indicated by red shading, as shown in
Figure 24.
Figure 24: Example of an “unnecessary” detail worksheet
Remove unnecessary detail worksheets prior to import. See “Detail Worksheets”
on page 41 for more information on using detail worksheets in the trial balance.
Preparing Financial Data for Import
To prepare the financial data for importing into the return, the data must be entered
into Drake’s specially designed trial balance template. Once this information is
entered and saved, it can be imported into the return.
Opening a
Template
The first step in preparing financial data for importing is to open a trial balance template for the return and enter the financial data.
To open a trial balance template for a return:
1. Open the return to the Data Entry Menu.
2. Click Import > Trial Balance Import in the menu toolbar. The preliminary Trial
Balance Import dialog box is opened.
Tax Year 2010
39
Importing Trial Balance Information
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
3. Click Create New or Open Existing. If opening an existing file, click Open after
selecting the correct file.
4. If a Security Warning box appears, click Enable Macros.
NOTE
In Microsoft Vista and Windows 7, you will see a Security Warning
message with an Options button. Click Options to open the Security
Options dialog box, then select Enable this content. Click OK.
The trial balance template is displayed in Microsoft Excel.
Naming
Convention
Whenever a new template is opened, the tax software assigns it a default file location
and name. Trial balance templates are saved in the TB folder of your Drake10 software. The file name consists of the client name as entered in Drake, plus “TB” for
“trial balance,” plus the “.xls” suffix assigned to all Excel files, as shown in Figure 25.
Figure 25: Example of trial balance template file name
To change the name of a file in Excel, select File > Save As and assign the new name.
NOTE
Template
Structure
If saving a trial balance to a different location, make a note of where
you’re storing it. The program automatically looks in the default directory.
The trial balance template consists of three title rows and six columns. The Entity
Name and Year End title rows can be edited; double-click a row to change the title.
Columns are described in Table 3.
Table 3: Trial Balance Template Columns
Column
Description
Account Title
Title of account
Debit/Credit
Debit and credit amounts
Import to
Screen and line in Drake to which the debit or credit
amount is imported
Reported on: Form, Page,
Sch, and/or line
Location of the amount on the printed return
Other information
Additional details for preparers; see “Details for Preparers” on page 44.
Displayed at the bottom of the trial balance worksheet are the calculated amount for
Schedule M-1, line 1; the credit and debit totals; and a cell showing whether or not the
balance sheet is out of balance and, if applicable, the out-of-balance amount
(Figure 26; see also Figure 29 on page 42).
40
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Importing Trial Balance Information
Figure 26: Schedule M-1 amount (1); totals (2); and indication of balance (3)
Following are instructions and guidelines for using the trial balance template to
assemble financial data for importing into data entry.
Entering Financial Data
When a new trial balance file is opened for a return, all debit and credit amounts are
zero ($0). All data must be entered manually into the template.
NOTE
Some data cannot be imported with the trial balance and must be
entered directly into the data entry fields within the program. For more
on these categories of data, see “Special Conditions” on page 44.
Direct Entry
Most cells in the trial balance worksheet are view-only. In a new template, editable
debit and credit cells are indicated by a dollar amount ($0) and are not gray.
Detail
Worksheets
Some cells require more detail than can be entered on a single line. These cells are
indicated by buttons. (If these cells do not work, you may need to enable them; see the
Note in “Opening a Template” on page 39.)
Figure 27: Example of cells that require worksheets
Click a worksheet button to open a worksheet in a new tab. Figure 28 shows an example of the “Other Income” worksheet.
Tax Year 2010
41
Importing Trial Balance Information
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Figure 28: Trial balance worksheet for “Other Income”
To return to the previous worksheet, click the TB tab (labeled “1” in Figure 28), or
click the Return button above the worksheet tabs (labeled “2” in Figure 28). Note that
a detail tab (the “Other Income” tab in Figure 28) might include one or more detail
worksheets (labeled “3” in Figure 28).
NOTE
Totals
Do not create detail worksheets in data entry if the trial balance worksheet does not provide an equivalent detail worksheet, or the trial balance will not be imported correctly.
Totals are displayed at the bottom of each worksheet. If credit and debit columns are
out of balance, the worksheet highlights the out-of-balance amount (Figure 29).
Figure 29: Out-of-balance amount is highlighted if columns are out of balance.
In addition to credit and debit totals, the main trial balance worksheet shows the net
income (loss) to be calculated for line 1 of Schedule M-1 after all entries and adjustments are made in the software.
NOTE
42
The data cannot be imported if the worksheet is out of balance.
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Importing Trial Balance Information
Saving a File
To save a file, click the Save icon or select File > Save from the menu bar. To re-name
a file when saving, select File > Save As. For more information on file names in the
trial balance program, see “Naming Convention” on page 40.
Importing Data into a Return
Once a trial balance worksheet has been set up for a client in Drake, the trial balance
information can be imported into the program and calculated into the return.
NOTES
Not all trial balance data can be imported directly into a return. For
information on program limitations, see “Special Conditions” on
page 44.
If you are already in the Trial Balance Import tool for the selected return,
go to the Trial Balance Import window in Drake and start at Step 3 of
the following procedure.
To import a trial balance into a return:
1. Open the return to which you will import the trial balance information.
2. Click Import > Trial Balance Import from the menu toolbar. The preliminary
Trial Balance Import dialog box is opened.
3. Click Next.
4. Enter or select the trial balance file to be imported. If necessary, click the button
the right of 1. Import File Name to browse to the proper folder. By default, each
trial balance file is an Excel (.xls) file showing the client name and ending in
“TB” for trial balance, as shown in the example in Figure 30. (See “Naming Convention” on page 40.)
Figure 30: Selected file to import
5. Select the Trial Balance Additional Import Options. (See “Additional Import
Options” following this procedure.)
6. Click Next and wait for the import to be completed.
7. Click Finish.
The program returns to the Data Entry Menu for the open return. Note that all
selected data from the trial balance worksheet has been imported into the return. This
can be seen both in the data entry screens and on the generated return.
NOTE
Tax Year 2010
If the program does not calculate the trial-balance information as
expected, you can return to the trial balance worksheet, make adjustments, and import the worksheet again.
43
Importing Trial Balance Information
Additional
Import
Options
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
The program can import the following additional information when importing the trial
balance data (select the items to import or click Select All):
Buildings & other depreciable assets
Accumulated depreciation
Land
Goodwill & other intangible assets
Accumulated amortization
8825/Rent information
Special Conditions
Some items cannot be entered into the trial balance worksheet and must be typed
directly into data entry. Other items should be entered into the worksheet for balance
purposes but are not imported to data entry; these must be entered separately and the
calculated results compared to the trial balance worksheet.
Details for
Preparers
Most items go directly to the location indicated in the program and on the return. For
example, the amounts shown in Figure 31 go to Schedule L, line 1, column d in the
program and are shown on page 4, Schedule L, line 1, column d of the 1120S return.
Figure 31: Indication of where an amount will go in Drake and on the return
Not all figures are imported directly, however, and some amounts are optional. An Use
the “Other Information” column to indicate special conditions and additional information regarding certain rows. Table 4 describes the most common notes in this column.
Table 4: “Other Information” Column Notes
Note
44
Description
not included in totals
The amount is required for importing purposes only but is
not included in the totals shown on the trial balance.
does not carry
Information cannot be imported and must be entered on the
appropriate screen in Drake. Screen is specified in column
to the left of “Other Information.”
optional
Amount is optional; not required for import, but could require
direct entry in the software.
enter as negative number
Some deficits must be entered as negative numbers.
import includes the calculated
change in inventory
Used for “total purchases”; when calculating cost of goods
sold (COGS) in the return, the program takes the change in
inventory into account for the Schedule A calculation.
[Form or Schedule] may be
required
Non-financial information (such as names of officers for a
Schedule E) must be completed in Drake, in addition to the
financial data entered in the worksheet.
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Importing Trial Balance Information
All “does not carry” notes are accompanied by further instructions in the column to
the left of the “Other Information” column, as shown in Figure 32.
SCH2 Detail
Typically, a balance sheet subsidiary schedule (SCH2 detail screen for Schedule L) is
required for an item marked “do not carry” on the trial balance.
Figure 32: SCH2 screen required for “do not carry” items
To complete an SCH2 detail screen in data entry:
1. Open the SCH2 screen in the return.
2. Select the line number from the SCH2 drop list.
3. Enter the applicable item descriptions and beginning- and end-of-year totals.
To enter details for additional lines of the Schedule L, press PAGE DOWN and repeat
steps 2 and 3. Data is saved automatically upon entry.
When the return is produced, the Schedule L of the return reflects both the amounts
imported from the trial balance worksheet and the totals of the amounts entered on the
SCH2 screen.
See “The SCH2 Screen” on page 22 for more details on using the SCH2 screen.
Depreciation
S corporation returns can have up to four components of total depreciation:
•
•
•
•
COGS
Real estate rental
Rental other than real estate
Any remaining depreciation
For trial balance purposes, enter depreciation amounts directly into the appropriate
fields on the trial balance worksheet. Note that, for 1120S trial balances, rental
expense detail worksheets are required for 8825 and RENT depreciation.
NOTE
Tax Year 2010
Enter 8825 and RENT depreciation amounts in the detail worksheets for importing purposes, but be aware that the 8825 and
RENT screens in the program will have to be edited if 4562 detail
screens (see Figure 33) are used.
45
Importing Trial Balance Information
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
When the trial balance is imported, the COGS depreciation expense amount flows
directly to the appropriate line of Schedule A on the return, and the rental depreciation
expense amounts flow directly to the appropriate lines of the 8825 and RENT screens,
as applicable. Because the remaining depreciation can comprise any number of assets,
the amount entered on the trial balance does not flow to the return. To ensure that each
component of the total remaining depreciation is calculated into the return, each asset
must be entered on the applicable depreciation screens in data entry (Figure 33).
Figure 33: Enter depreciable asset data on a 4562 detail screen, or enter the total depreciation
on the override screens. (Figure is from 1120S data entry menu.)
NOTE
Rental
Expenses
Entering the remainder of the depreciation on the trial balance worksheet helps ensure that the balance sheet balances and provides a way
to check that the amount on line 1 of Schedule M-1 is correct. Compare
the calculated line 1 at the bottom of the trial balance to the equivalent
line on Schedule M-1 of the calculated return. If the depreciation
amounts match but the line 1 amounts differ, an M-1 adjustment could
be required.
The following information applies only to S corporations with multiple rental properties.
The S corporation trial balances include lines for rental income and expenses. Both
rental expense items require a trial balance detail worksheet.
Figure 34: Rental expense rows on an S corp trial balance worksheet
When imported, the rental expense data entered on the trial balance worksheet appears
on either the 8825 screen (if real estate rental) or the RENT screen (if rental other than
real estate).
46
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S CorporationsForm 3115, Application for Change in Accounting Meth-
Because the trial balance worksheet has only one detail screen per rental type, the
importing function does not accommodate entities with multiple rental properties or
expenses; however, the following procedure allows the trial balance to remain in balance if there are multiple rental properties or expenses.
To accommodate entities with multiple rental properties or expenses:
1. Calculate the totals for both types of rental expenses.
2. Enter the income totals on the trial balance sheet and the expense totals on the
3.
4.
5.
6.
applicable detail sheets (Figure 34).
Ensure that the balance sheet is in balance.
Import the trial balance worksheet into the return. The applicable screens in data
entry now contain the figures entered on the trial balance worksheet.
Enter the amounts on additional screens that require details. (For more information on data that cannot be imported, see “Special Conditions” on page 44.)
Compare the M-1, line 1 amount on the trial balance to the M-1, line 1 amount on
the calculated return to ensure that they match.
NOTE
If the amounts do not match, review the imported amounts to ensure
that all data was imported. If the data appeared to import correctly, an
M-1 adjustment could be necessary.
7. Complete all 8825 or RENT screens in data entry, as applicable, for the individual
rental properties or items.
8. Delete the 8825 and RENT screens that were imported from the trial balance (the
screens reflecting the total rental expenses).
NOTE
To delete a screen in data entry, open the screen and press CTRL+D. If
a multiple forms list appears, ensure that the screen to delete is
selected, then click Delete.
Form 3115, Application for Change in Accounting Method
Form 3115, Application for Change in Accounting Method, is an application to the
IRS to change either an entity’s overall accounting method or the accounting treatment of any item. Drake customers can now fill out Form 3115 and related schedules
and attachments for corporate returns. This section provides instructions for completing this form and related schedules and attachments in Drake.
In some cases, Form 3115 must still be paper-filed. See “Parts I and III,”
starting on page 49, for details.
NOTES
Tax Year 2010
Applicants filing Form 3115 must refer to the Internal Revenue Bulletins
(available at www.irs.gov) to determine if the IRS has published an
accounting method revenue procedure, revenue ruling, notice, regulation, or other guidance relating to the specific method to be changed.
See Pub. 538, Accounting Periods and Methods.
47
Form 3115, Application for Change in Accounting Method Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corpora-
Accessing Screens for Changing Accounting Method
Several screens may be required to complete Form 3115. These screens are accessible
from the Change in Accounting Method box, located under the first Other Forms
tab of the Data Entry Menu (Figure 35).
Figure 35: Screens for Form 3115, Application for Change in Accounting Method
The screens accessible from the Change in Accounting Method section include:
•
•
•
•
Multi-form
Codes
Screen 3115 (Change in Accounting Method) — Used to access fields for Form
3115, including Schedules A through D
Screen 311E (Schedule E) — Used to request a change in depreciation or amortization methods
Screen ATT (Explanations and Attachments) — Used to create and view certain attachments to be generated by the software
Screen ATT2 (Pt II Ln 12 & Pt III Ln 23b Attachment) — Used to complete
certain parts of Form 3115 that require specific attachments
All 3115 and related screens contain a Multi-form code text box (shown in Figure 36)
that allows you to link a screen or attachment to a particular Form 3115.
If submitting more than one Form 3115, assign a multi-form code to each new application you create in Drake. The first should be 1, the second 2, and so on. When using
other screens, such as the 311E or ATT screens, you can use those numbers to indicate
which instance of Form 3115 the 311E or ATT screen should be associated with; see
“Screen 311E Multi-form Codes” on page 54 for more information.
NOTE
48
If only one Form 3115 is being submitted, you do not need to enter anything in the Multi-form code box.
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S CorporationsForm 3115, Application for Change in Accounting Meth-
Form 3115 Screens
When you open the 3115 screen from the Data Entry Menu, the program displays the
first of five 3115 screens. These five screens are:
•
•
•
•
•
Parts I, III (Form 3115, Parts I and III)
Parts II, IV (Form 3115, Parts II and IV)
A, B, C (Form 3115, Schedules A, B, and C)
D - I, II (Form 3115, Schedule D, Parts I and II)
D - III (Form 3115, Schedule D, Part III)
As shown in Figure 36, you can access these 3115 screens by clicking a link at the top
of any other 3115 screen.
Figure 36: Tab links on 3115 screen
The next few sections of this document provide instructions for completing the various screens for Form 3115 (including Schedules A through D).
Parts I and III
Use the Parts I, III screen to complete the following sections of Form 3115:
•
•
•
General Information
Part I, Information For Automatic Change Request
Part III, Information For Advance Consent Request
NOTE
General
Information
Information should be entered in either the Part I section or the Part III
section, but not both.
Complete all applicable fields in the General Information section. Note that the
fields for business activity and tax-year change are override fields (Figure 37). Complete these fields only if you want to override the equivalent information entered on
screen 1 or screen K.
Figure 37: Override fields in the General Information sections of the Parts I, III screen
Part I
Tax Year 2010
Not all applicants are eligible to use the automatic change request procedures. After
answering 1a, 1b, and 2 in Part I - Information for Automatic Change Request,
click the blue Parts II, IV tab at the top of the screen.
49
Form 3115, Application for Change in Accounting Method Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corpora-
In Part II – Information for All Requests, answer question 3 (see Figure 38). If the
answer is Yes, you are stating that:
•
•
The entity would be required to take the entire amount of the section 481(a)
adjustment into account in computing taxable income for the year of change.
Section 4.02(8) of Rev. Proc. 2002-9 applies to the applicant’s accounting method
change request, and the applicant is therefore not eligible for a change under automatic change request procedures. (See IRS Form 3115 instructions for details.)
Figure 38: Automatic Change Request information
Part III
If this section of the Parts I, III screen is filled out, Form 3115 cannot be e-filed with
the return. It must instead be paper-filed before submitting the return. A user fee (a
check or money order payable to the IRS) must be included with the paper-filed form.
NOTES
See Appendix A of Rev. Proc. 2006-1 for more information. For more on
applicants who must apply for advance consent, see the IRS Form
3115 instructions.
Taxpayers filing under an automatic change request procedure do not
pay a user fee.
If the applicant qualifies for a reduced user fee, answer Yes on line 23b and go to
screen ATT2 to complete the attachment information for Part III, line 23b (located in
the bottom half of the screen). Include the necessary information or certification
required by Rev. Proc. 2003-1 (or its successor).
Specific statements must also be attached to the return if the applicant answers Yes for
line 18 (“Is change request allowed under automatic change?”) or No for line 22 (All
members of consolidated group use proposed method?). Press F1 in a specific field for
more information on attachment requirements. The method for attaching statements in
Drake is covered in “Attachments,” starting on page 54.
Parts II and
IV
Use the Parts II, IV screen to complete the following sections of Form 3115:
•
•
Part II, Information For All Requests
Part IV, Section 481(a) Adjustment
In addition to the Multi-form code text box, this screen consists of the Part II and
Part IV sections. Applicants must complete both sections of this screen. For more on
each line (including instructions for required attachments), press F1 in a specific field.
Part II, Line 12
50
Note that there is no field on the Parts II, IV screen for Part II, line 12. Fields for line
12, which should be completed if the applicant is changing only the accounting
method for a particular item or items, are located in the top half of ATT2 screen. Use
these fields to enter information on:
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S CorporationsForm 3115, Application for Change in Accounting Meth-
•
•
•
The items being changed
The applicant’s present and proposed methods for the items being changed
The applicant’s present overall method of accounting (cash, accrual, or hybrid)
Note that the bottom half of the ATT2 screen is for completing Part III, line 23b. Only
the top half (for Part II, line 12) needs to be completed for Part II, line 12.
Schedules A,
B, and C
Click the A, B, C link from screen 3115 screen to complete the following sections of
Form 3115:
•
•
•
Schedule A, Change in Overall Method of Accounting (screen covers Part 1,
Change in Overall Method)
Schedule B, Change in Reporting Advance Payments
Schedule C, Changes Within the LIFO Inventory Method (screen covers both Part
I, General LIFO Information, and Part II, Change in Pooling Inventories)
NOTE
Schedule A
Schedule A, Part II (Change to the Cash Method for Advance Consent
Request) requires attachments and is not addressed on the A, B, C
screen.
This section is required for all applicants filing to change their overall method of
accounting. It requires the entry of amounts as they were at the close of the tax year
preceding the year of the requested change.
NOTE
Leave blank any lines that aren’t required for the entity’s application. In
addition, exclude amounts not attributable to the change in method of
accounting—for example, amounts that correct a math or posting error,
or that correct errors in calculating tax liability.
The IRS requires a worksheet for lines 1a, 1c, 1d, 1e, and 1f of Schedule A. When you
enter an amount on any of these lines in Drake, a Ctrl+W worksheet is automatically
opened, allowing you to begin entering the descriptions and amounts of multiple items
for the worksheet. When you close a Ctrl+W worksheet, the program returns to the
original screen and displays the total in the field. The field is shaded (default is red) to
indicate that a Ctrl+W worksheet has been used.
NOTE
Schedule B
If nothing is entered in a Schedule A field, the program automatically
displays the word “NONE” in the field on the generated form.
This section has just two lines, both referring to the request for deferral for advance
payments:
•
•
Line 1 — Request change to the deferral method for advance payments (from section 5.02 of Rev. Proc. 2004-34)
Line 2 — Request change to the deferral method for advance payments (from section 1.451-5(b)(1)(ii))
See IRS Form 3115 instructions for more information on making these requests.
Schedule C
Tax Year 2010
This section has two parts:
51
Form 3115, Application for Change in Accounting Method Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corpora-
•
•
Schedule D,
Parts I and II
Part I (General LIFO Information) — This section is made up of attachment links
(see Figure 42 on page 55). If any of the conditions on lines 1–6 match the entity’s
situation, click the corresponding attachment link to access the ATT screen,
where you can complete the required statement. (Select the corresponding line
code from the Schedule drop list on the ATT screen.)
Part II (Change in Pooling Inventories) — Enter the descriptions of the contents
and the base years of the present and proposed pools. If any of the conditions on
lines 2–4 match the entity’s situation, click the corresponding attachment link to
access the ATT screen, where you can complete the required statement.
Use the D - I, II screen to complete the following parts of Form 3115, Schedule D,
Change in the Treatment of Long-Term Contracts Under Section 460, Inventories, or
Other Section 263A Assets:
•
•
Part I, Change in Reporting Income From Long-Term Contracts
Part II, Change in Valuing Inventories Including Cost Allocation Changes
NOTE
If an entity is currently using a LIFO inventory method or submethod
and is changing to another LIFO inventory method or submethod, Part
II of Schedule D is not applicable. Use Schedule C, Changes Within the
LIFO Inventory Method, instead.
Schedule D,
Part I
A long-term contract refers to any contract for the manufacture, building, installation,
or construction of property that is not completed in the tax year in which it is entered
into. Answer the questions in Part I that apply to the entity’s situation.
Schedule D,
Part II
This section concerns changes in the identification and valuation methods of inventories. Note that some lines require attachments. To access the ATT screen and complete
a required statement, click the desired attachment link.
The items on this part of the screen match the items on the actual Form 3115, Schedule D. For information on completing individual lines, see the Form 3115 instructions.
NOTE
Schedule D,
Part III
52
“I certify that to the best of my knowledge and belief (name of applicant)
properly elected the LIFO inventory method by filing Form 970 with its
return for the tax year(s) ended (insert date(s)) and otherwise complied
with the provisions of section 472(d) and Regulations section 1.472-3.”
Use the D - III screen to complete Part III (Method of Cost Allocation) of Form 3115,
Schedule D. Part III is required for any entity submitting either Part I or Part II. Screen
D - III consists of the following sections:
•
•
•
Section A
If the entity is unable to furnish a copy of Form(s) 970 (line 5a), the
attachment must include the following statement:
Section A, Allocation and Capitalization Methods
Section B, Direct and Indirect Costs Required to be Allocated
Section C, Other Costs Not Required to be Allocated
Click the D3-1 Attachment link (see Figure 40) to attach a description of the present
and proposed methods used to capitalize direct and indirect costs.
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S CorporationsForm 3115, Application for Change in Accounting Meth-
Sections
B and C
These sections consist of a series of drop lists under a Present column and a Proposed
column. “Present” refers to the current accounting method, while “proposed” refers to
the requested change in accounting methods. You should address only the items necessary; do not make a selection for any item for which an answer is not required for the
entity’s situation.
For each item in sections B and C, you can:
•
•
•
Select X — If you select X, the corresponding box on Form 3115 will be marked
with an X. (See Figure 39.)
Select B — If you select B, the corresponding box on Form 3115 will be left blank
and an attachment will be required explaining why the line was left blank.
Select nothing — If you select neither of the above options, “N/A” will appear in
the corresponding box on Form 3115. No attachment is necessary for a box
marked “N/A.”
Figure 39: X was selected for column 1, line 1; B was selected for column 1, line 2;
nothing has yet been selected for any other line. (See also Figure 40.)
To attach a statement for section B or C, click the D3-2 Attachment link at the top of
Section B. (See Figure 40.) A single statement may contain all necessary explanations
for sections B and C.
Figure 40: If any box is marked “B,” click the D3-2 Attachment link to open
the ATT screen and complete the fields for an attached statement.
Schedule E
Use screen 311E, accessible from the Change in Accounting Method section of the
Other Forms tab, to complete Schedule E, Change in Depreciation or Amortization.
NOTE
Tax Year 2010
If changing this method under the automatic change request procedures, see the “List of Automatic Accounting Method Changes” in the
IRS Form 3115 instructions.
53
Form 3115, Application for Change in Accounting Method Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corpora-
Screen 311E
Multi-form
Codes
Unlike the other 3115 screens, screen 311E contains two multi-form code text boxes:
•
•
Multi-form code for 3115 — This box is applicable if the return contains more
than one Form 3115. Enter the code for the instance of the 3115 screen with which
this 311E screen should be associated.
Multi-form code for Sch E — This box is applicable if the return contains more
than one Schedule E. (A separate 311E screen should be used for each property.)
Assign each property a separate code in its Multi-form code for Sch E. This code
enables you to associate any attachments with the correct Schedule E property.
(See “Attachments,” starting on page 54.)
If the return contains more than one Form 3115 and multiple instances of Schedule E,
both multi-code fields should contain numbers. Figure 41 shows that the third instance
of a Schedule E is to be associated with the second Form 3115 in the return.
Figure 41: Example of third instance of a Schedule E to be associated
with the second instance of a Form 3115.
Completing
Schedule E
The 311E screen consists of four sections:
•
•
•
Schedule E - Line 4a — Enter information on the type of property, the year it was
placed in service, and the property’s use.
Schedule E - Change in Depreciation or Amortization — This section covers
all Schedule E items other than lines 4a and 7. Note that lines 5 and 6 are links to
required attachments.
Schedule E - Line 7 - Present Method and Schedule E - Line 7 - Proposed
Method — For the line 7 sections, enter information on the Present Method and
Proposed Method in the supplied text boxes and choose the applicable convention from the Applicable Convention drop list. Options are as follows:
•
HY — Half-Year
•
MM — Mid-month
•
MQ — Mid-quarter
•
S/L — Straight line
Attachments
Attached statements are required for many Form 3115 items. Depending on the nature
of the attachment, you will attach statements to the form in one of two primary ways:
•
54
From Data Entry — The ATT screen is the most common screen for attaching
statements to Form 3115. The ATT2 screen is used for Part II, line 12, and Part
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S CorporationsForm 3115, Application for Change in Accounting Meth-
•
ATT Screen
Attachments
III, line 23b. (See the “Parts I and III” and “Parts II and IV” sections of this document for more information on completing the ATT2 screen for these items.)
From View Mode — Used for PDF attachments.
There are two ways to access the ATT screen in Drake:
•
•
From the Data Entry Menu — In the Change in Accounting Method section of
the Other Forms tab, click ATT. (See Figure 35 on page 48.)
From the line that requires an attachment — As shown in Figure 42, some
lines have attachment links. Click an attachment link to open the ATT screen.
Figure 42: Attachment links from Schedule C (screen A, B, C)
NOTE
Not all lines that require statements include a link to the ATT screen.
Always check the field-level help (click F1 in a field) to determine if a
statement is required. The program produces an EF Message if any
required statements are missing.
Complete the following ATT fields, as applicable, for all ATT screen attachments:
•
•
•
Multi-form codes — Use these boxes to associate the attachment with an
instance of Form 3115 (if the return contains more than one), a particular Schedule E property (if the return contains more than one Schedule E), or both. (See
“Multi-form Codes” on page 48 for more information on multi-form codes.)
Schedule — Select the line of the form or schedule with which the attachment is
to be associated. If an item begins with a number, it refers to the part of Form 3115
(for example, 2-4e refers to Part II, line 4e). If it begins with a letter, it refers to a
particular Form 3115 schedule (for example, C2-b refers to Schedule C, line 2b;
C2-5 refers to Schedule C, Part 2, line 5).
Explanation — Enter the statement explanation. If the explanation requires more
than 900 characters, press PAGE DOWN for a second screen.
NOTE
Additional
ATT Fields
Tax Year 2010
If the explanation requires more than seven screens, only the first 6,500
characters of the explanation are transmitted with an e-filed Form 3115.
There is no character limit for paper-filed returns.
The ATT screen has a separate section, to be used only for Part II, line 10. The IRS
requires that the attached statement, in addition to providing an explanation, include
the taxpayer’s name and ID number. Enter the name and ID number, and indicate if
the ID number is an EIN, in the applicable fields at the bottom of the ATT screen
(Figure 43).
55
Form 3115, Application for Change in Accounting Method Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corpora-
Figure 43: Special section for entering taxpayer name and ID number
for Part II, line 10; located at bottom of the ATT screen.
PDF
Attachments
Some Form 3115 items require the attachment of documents that cannot be created in
Drake Software; for example, line 4d of Part II requires written consent from a director. You can, however, attach such a document to the form as a PDF.
See the PDF screen for directions on generating and attaching PDFs. Click the Screen
Help button for directions on converting other types of documents into PDF.
NOTES
Do not enter data on the PDF screen itself. If using the directions provided on that screen, skip Step 2, which instructs you to fill out the columns at the bottom of the PDF screen.
A PDF document may be attached using any filename. When you
attach the document, the program automatically assigns it the filename
required by the IRS.
When the return is generated, an “EF Attachments” worksheet is produced. (See
Figure 44.) This worksheet shows, in table format, the Reference (section of Form
3115), the Description, and the IRS-required Filename of each required PDF document. This worksheet is displayed as EF_PDF~ in View mode.
Figure 44: Example of an EF Attachments worksheet
Notices of
Missing
Attachments
In addition to Form 3115 and related schedules and statements, the program produces
EF message pages (as applicable) when the return is calculated. All forms, schedules,
EF message pages, and worksheets are accessible from View mode.
EF messages for Form 3115 provide information about required attachments (including PDF attachments) that are missing from the return. Some messages list all statements required for a particular section but do not indicate which statements,
specifically, are missing. To best understand which attachments are still required,
compare the ATT screen and the EF_PDF~ worksheet to the list on the EF message
page.
NOTE
56
All EF messages must be eliminated before the return is eligible for
e-file. EF messages for Form 3115 attachments are eliminated
when all required statements have been attached to the return.
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Appendix: Trial Balance Import
The trial balance import allows data to be imported into a corporate tax return from a
trial balance worksheet.
Drake’s specially designed trial balance template and importing function has the following benefits:
•
•
•
Eliminates the need to duplicate entries
Eliminates data entry errors by automatically importing data to the correct fields
Allows preparers to merge basic accounting functions with tax preparation
See next page for a flow chart describing the use of the trial balance import.
Tax Year 2010
A-1
Trial Balance Import: General Process
Compare M‐1, line 1: Does trial balance
match Schedule M‐1, line 1?
Prepare to use Trial
Balance Import
‐ Enable Excel macros
‐ Disable autobalance
‐ Force Schedule L
‐ Delete unnecessary detail worksheets
Populate Trial Balance
Template
(Import > Trial Balance Import)
‐ direct entry data (cells with $0)
‐ applicable detail worksheets
‐ totals for:
‐ depreciation
‐ Schedule L
‐ rentals (1120S & 1065 only)
1120
return?
YES
YES
Go to data entry an
enter individual
rentals on 8825 or
RENT screens as
applicable
Did data
import
correctly?
NO
1120S & 1065:
Were rental totals entered
in trial balance?
YES
NO
I
M
P
O
R
T
NO
YES
Make
corrections in
TB worksheet
Delete imported
8825 and RENT
screens
Is an M‐1
adjustment
necessary?
YES
NO
Adjust
amounts
elsewhere in
data entry
Make M‐1
adjustment
Populate Data Entry
Enter any trial balance data that cannot be
imported via Trial Balance Import
‐ Screen SCH2 for Schedule L items
‐ Screen 4562 for individual assets
(depreciation)
Process
complete!
NO
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
Index
Index
Numerics
52-53-week year returns 33
A
accounting method
changing 47–56
entering 5
accumulated adjustments account (Schedule M-2) 27
address
change of 5
e-mail 15
entering on Form 1120S 4
foreign 18
on K-1 letter heading 20
out-of-state 16
adjusted basis worksheet 21, 32
adjustments
depreciation 25
section 481 7
to income and expenses 30
advertising expenses 9
amended
1120S returns 5, 14
K-1 letters 21
amortization 10, 22
analysis of accounts (Schedule M-2) 26–28
asterisks (on K-1 codes) 18
attachments
binary (PDF) 34–37
Form 8825 statements 30
auto-balance 24
B
bad debts 7, 8
basis 21–22
see also adjusted basis worksheet
binary (PDF) attachments 3
book-to-tax differences (Schedule M-1) 24
business activity codes 4
C
calendar-year returns 4
change of name or address 5
charitable contributions 16
Client Communications Editor (for letters) 21
Tax Year 2010
codes
business activity 4
error/reject 34
K-1 17, 32
miscellaneous (screen 1) 16
multi-form 29, 48, 54, 55
compensation of shareholders 7
contact information (for state returns) 15
cost of goods sold, see Schedule A (Cost of Goods Sold)
cover letters (K-1) 20
coversheets 32
credits 30
Ctrl+W (detail) worksheets 5, 6, 39
D
data entry
for state information 15
importing trial balance into 38–47
dates
of incorporation 5
payment (changing) 12
stock transaction 17
tax year 4
decrease to basis 22
deductions 7–10
depletion 9
depreciation 6
and auto-balance errors 24
expense 9
for cost of goods sold (Schedule A) 6
installment sales and like-kind exchanges 1
of rentals 29
on short-year returns 4
printing Form 4562 31
trial balance (business returns only) 45
detail (Ctrl+W) worksheets 5, 6, 39
direct debit of balance due 12–13
direct deposit of refunds 11
distributions 26
domestic production activities deduction 19
due dates 12
E
e-filing
Form 1120S 32
PDF attachments 34–37
vii
Index
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
statements 23
electronic
funds withdrawal 12–13
signatures (PIN) 13
employer identification number (EIN) 5
envelope coversheets 32
error codes 34
estimates
2008 tax 10
2009 payments 11
underpayment of 11
expenses 7–10
exporting K-1 data 18
extensions 13
F
filing instructions 32
final return 5
fiscal year returns 4
foreign
addresses for shareholders 18
transactions 12, 16
Form 1120-C (U.S. Income Tax Return for Cooperative
Associations) 1
Form 2553 (Election by a Small Business Corporation) 3, 5
Form 3115 (Application for Change in Accounting Method) 47–56
Form 4136 (Credit for Federal Tax Paid on Fuels) 11
Form 4562 (Depreciation and Amortization) 29, 31
Form 4797 (Sales of Business Property) 6
Form 5884 (Work Opportunity Credit) 31
Form 6252 (Installment Sale Income) 1
Form 6478 (Alcohol and Cellulosic Biofuel Fuels Credit)
6, 31
Form 6765 (Credit for Increasing Research Activities) 31
Form 7004 (Application for Automatic Extension of Time
to File) 13
Form 8027 (Employer’s Annual Information Return of Tip
Income & Allocated Tips) 1
Form 8050 (Direct Deposit of Corporate Tax Refund) 11
Form 8820 (Orphan Drug Credit) 31
Form 8825 (Rental Real Estate Income and Expenses of a
Partnership or an S Corporation) 28–30
Form 8844 (Empowerment Zone and Renewal Community
Credit) 31
Form 8845 (Indian Employment Credit) 31
Form 8846 (Credit for Employer Social Security and Medicare Taxes Paid on Certain Employee Tips) 8, 31
Form 8864 (Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Fuels Credit)
6, 31
Form 8873 (Extraterritorial Income Exclusion) 10
Form 8881 (Credit for Small Employer Pension Plan Startup Costs) 31
viii
Form 8903 (Domestic Production Activities Deduction) 19
Form 8912 (Credit to Holders of Tax Bonds) 31
Form 8912 (Credit to Holders of Tax Credit Bonds) 31
Form 8916-A (Supplemental Attachment to Schedule M-3)
25
Form 8941 (Credit for Small Employer Health Insurance
Premiums) 31
Form 8941 (Credit for Small Employer Health-Insurance
Premiums) 10
Form T (Forest Activities Schedules) 9
G
gains and losses 6
gross receipts 5
H
header information 3
I
import, trial balance 38–47
inactive returns 31, 34
income 5–7
increase to basis 22
installment sales 1
instructions for filing 32
insurance proceeds, income from 7
interest
expense 9
income 7
inventory 5
K
K-1, Schedule for 1120S 17–22
L
labor 7
letters (K-1) 20
like-kind exchanges 1
M
maintenance costs 8
N
name change 5
net operating losses (NOL) 28
next-year depreciation listing 31
number of shareholders 5
Tax Year 2010
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
O
ordinary gains and losses 6
other
adjustments account 28
costs (Schedule A) 6
income (loss) 6
P
passive income 10
PDF (binary) attachments 3, 34–37
PIN (electronic) signatures 13
printing
cover letter for K-1 20
K-1 items 18
line 22a worksheet 10
statements for Schedule L 23
suppressing/forcing documents 31
R
real estate 45
receipts 5
references to forms and worksheets 31
refunds
direct deposit of 11
state tax 7
reject codes 34
rent paid on business property 8
rental activities 28–30
repair costs 8
retained earnings reconciliation (worksheet) 31
returns
52-53-week year 33
amended 14
bankruptcy 32
extensions for 11, 13
fiscal and calendar year 4
inactive 34
short-year 4
signing 13
tax-exempt organizations (990) 34–37
updating prior-year 3
revocation of S election 5
S
S corporation
changing to 3
electing as 3
termination of 5
scanning (PDFs for e-filing) 34
SCH2 screen (for Schedule L) 22
Schedule A (Cost of Goods Sold) 5
Tax Year 2010
Index
Schedule B (Other Information) 15
Schedule D (Capital Gains and Losses and Built-In Gains)
bad debts 8
Parts I, III, and III 10
Schedule E (Officer Information) 16
Schedule F (Profit or Loss from Farming) 5
Schedule K (Shareholders’ Pro Rata Share Items) 16–17
Schedule K-1 (Shareholder Information) 17–22
Schedule L (Balance Sheet per Books) 22–24, 31
Schedule M-1 24, 31
Schedule M-2 26–28
Schedule M-3 25
schedules on Form 3115 51–54
section
1245 property 1
1250 property 1
179 income limitations 7
481 adjustments 7
481(a) adjustments 50
shareholders
adjusted basis worksheet 21–22
compensation of 7
foreign addresses for 18
multiple 18
number of 5
Schedule K-1 17
updating data annually 22
short-year returns 4
signatures, electronic 13
state
address 16
-specific information 15
tax refunds 7, 12
stock transaction dates 17
T
tax
and payments 10–11
on fuels, credit for 7
returns, see returns
years (fiscal vs calendar) 4
taxes and licenses 8
termination of S election 5
trial balance import
and depreciation 6
and Schedule L 22, 23
instructions for using 38–47
U
underpayment of estimated tax 11
undistributed taxable income previously taxed 28
updating
ix
Index
Drake Software User’s Manual Supplement: S Corporations
an 1120S return 3
shareholder data annually 22
V
Vista (Windows operating system) 38
vouchers 10
W
wages 7
x
Tax Year 2010
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