ICP I-2532 User manual

ICP I-2532 User manual
The I-2532 CAN to Fiber Converter
User’s Manual
Warranty
All products manufactured by ICP DAS are under
warranty regarding defective materials for a period of one
year from the date of delivery to the original purchaser.
Warning
ICP DAS assumes no liability for damages resulting
from the use of this product. ICP DAS reserves the right to
change this manual at any time without notice. The
information furnished by ICP DAS is believed to be
accurate and reliable. However, no responsibility is
assumed by ICP DAS for its use, or for any infringements
of patents or other rights of third parties resulting from its
use.
Copyright
Copyright 1997 by ICP DAS. All rights are reserved.
Trademark
The names used for identification only may be
registered trademarks of their respective companies.
I-2532 CAN to Fiber Converter User Manual (ver. 1.1, 2008/10/03) ------1
Tables of Content
Tables of Content...........................................................................................2
1 Introduction.............................................................................................3
1.1 Features..........................................................................................4
1.2 Specifications.................................................................................4
2
1.3 Applications ...................................................................................4
Technical data .........................................................................................5
2.1 Block Diagram................................................................................5
2.2 Appearance ....................................................................................6
2.3
2.4
2.5
3
4
Pin Assignment..............................................................................7
LED Indicator .................................................................................8
Terminal Resistance Setting .........................................................8
2.6 Wire Connection ..........................................................................10
Network Deployment ............................................................................ 11
3.1 Definition ...................................................................................... 11
3.2 Driving Capability ........................................................................ 11
3.3 Fiber Selection & Fiber Length...................................................12
3.4 Baud and Bus Length..................................................................13
Dimension .............................................................................................14
I-2532 CAN to Fiber Converter User Manual (ver. 1.1, 2008/10/03) ------2
1 Introduction
Fiber optic transmission medium is a good material to protect data
transmission from EMI/RFI interference and has been used in harsh
environment extensively. On the other hand, CAN bus is famous in industrial
application. More and more users build CAN networks to communicate their
controllers, sensors and actuators. In order to solve the problem between
different transmission medium, I-2532 is specially designed for converting the
electrical CAN bus signal to fiber optic cables.
The fiber length between two I-2532s can be up to 1.4km (4593ft), it is
mainly decided by the cable attenuation of fiber and the CAN bus baud. I-2532
is the economic solution for applications which require protecting the data
transmission from electrical exposure, surges, lightning or chemical corrosion.
Generally, I-2532 can be used in CANopen, DeviceNet and all the other CAN
network which follows the ISO 11898-2 standard.
CAN Device
CAN Device
I-2532
I-2532
Fiber
ISO 11898-2
ISO 11898-2
Up to 1.4 Km
CAN Device
CAN Device
62.5/125 µm multimode Fiber
Cable Attenuation of Fiber < 2.8 dB/Km
Figure 1-1
Application of I-2532
If users want to know more detail information about the I-2532, please visit
our website as follow:
http://www.icpdas.com/products/Remote_IO/can_bus/i-2532.htm
I-2532 CAN to Fiber Converter User Manual (ver. 1.1, 2008/10/03) ------3
1.1 Features
Build-in switch for 120Ω terminal resistance
Up to 100 CAN nodes on CAN Port
Transmission distance up to 1km on CAN Port
Transmission distance up to 1.4km on Fiber Port
Removable terminal block
Mountable on DIN Rail
1.2 Specifications
Fiber Port connector type: ST
Fiber Port operating wavelength: 850nm
Fiber type: 62.5/125µm, multi-mode
Compatible with CAN specification 2.0A and 2.0B
Fully compatible with ISO 11898-2
Support baud up to 500Kbps, auto-baud detection
Propagation delay: <125ns
Power consumption: 0.5W
Power supply: +10VDC ~ +30VDC
Operating temperature: -25°C ~ +75°C
Humidity: 5% ~ 95%, non-condensing
Dimensions: 32.3mm x 99.0mm x 77.5mm
ESD、EFT、Surge Protection:
ESD : +/- 4KV Contact Discharge
EFT : +/- 1KV
Surge : +/- 2KV
1.3 Applications
Factory Automation
Building Automation
Home Automation
Vehicle Automation
Control system
Monitor system
…
I-2532 CAN to Fiber Converter User Manual (ver. 1.1, 2008/10/03) ------4
2 Technical data
2.1 Block Diagram
The following figure is the block diagram illustrating the functions of the
I-2532 module.
CAN Port
ISO 11898-2
Fiber Port
CAN_H
CAN_L
TxD
120Ω
Physical CAN layer
Fiber Driver
RxD
Photo
Isolation
Power
Regulator
Block Diagram of I-2532
+10VDC ~ +30VDC
Figure 2-1
Power Port
Block Diagram of I-2532
I-2532 CAN to Fiber Converter User Manual (ver. 1.1, 2008/10/03) ------5
2.2 Appearance
Front View
LED Indicators
Bottom View
POWER
TD
RD
TxD
Fiber Port
Connector Type: ST
RxD
Operating Wavelength: 850nm
Fiber Type:
Multi-Mode, 62.5/125µm
N/A
CAN Port
CAN_L
CAN_H
CAN_GND
ISO 11898-2 standard
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Power Port
Terminal Resistance Switch
+10 ~ +30VDC between
GND and +VS
Figure 2-2
Appearance of I-2532
I-2532 CAN to Fiber Converter User Manual (ver. 1.1, 2008/10/03) ------6
F.G.
GND
+VS
T.R.
active
T.R.
inactive
2.3 Pin Assignment
The pin assignment of CAN port, fiber port and power connector of the
I-2532 are shown in the following tables.
Table 2-1
Port
CAN
Fiber
Power
Pin Assignment
Name
Description
CAN_L
CAN_Low, signal line of CAN Port.
CAN_H
CAN_High, signal line of CAN Port.
CAN_GND
CAN_Ground, ground voltage level of CAN Port.
TXD
Transmit optic data.
RXD
Receive optic data.
+VS
Voltage Source Input. +10VDC ~ +30V VDC.
GND
Power Ground.
F.G.
Frame Ground.
Sometimes, the CAN_GND voltage level of different CAN devices on a
CAN bus system are not equal. In this case, it could cause some problems and
derogate the system stability. There is one way to relieve this situation; users
can connect the CAN_GND of different CAN devices each other to balance the
voltage level of CAN_GND.
Electronic circuits are always influenced by different levels of
Electro-Static Discharge (ESD), which become worse in a continental climate
area. F.G. provides a path for conducting the ESD to the earth ground.
Therefore, connecting the F.G correctly can enhance the capability of the ESD
protection and improve the module’s reliability.
Wiring of CAN_GND and F.G. is not necessary; users can modify the
configuration of wiring according to real applications.
I-2532 CAN to Fiber Converter User Manual (ver. 1.1, 2008/10/03) ------7
2.4 LED Indicator
When the I-2532 is active, the POWER LED will display with red light.
Transmitting/receiving one message to/from fiber cable will flash the TD/RD
LED once. The TD/RD LED may always be turned on if there are a lot of
messages transmitted on fiber cable.
Table 2-2
POWER LED
(Red Light)
LED Indicator
TD LED
(Green Light)
RD LED
(Green Light)
on
module
active
flashing
messages
transmitting
flashing
messages
receiving
off
module
inactive
off
no message
transmitting
off
no message
receiving
2.5 Terminal Resistance Setting
The I-2532 includes one build-in 120Ω terminal resistance, users can
decide if the terminal resistance is enabled or not. The switch for terminal
resistance is on below of power connector.
termination
resistor switch
Figure 2-3
Location of Terminal Resistance Switch
The following switch statuses present the condition if the terminal
resistance is active (default) or inactive.
Active
(Enable)
Figure 2-4
Inactive
(Disable)
Adjustment of Terminal Resistance
I-2532 CAN to Fiber Converter User Manual (ver. 1.1, 2008/10/03) ------8
In the CAN bus specifications, the bus line of CAN_H and CAN_L must be
terminated by a terminal resistance (RT) for proper operation. The equivalent
resistance between CAN_H and CAN_L should be 60Ω. There are some
examples below.
Case1: RT = 120Ω
Case2: RT = 180Ω
CAN_H
RT
CAN_H
RT
RT RT
CAN_L
CAN_L
RT
Case3: RT1 = 180Ω, RT2 = 120Ω
Fiber
CAN_H
RT2
RT1
RT1
CAN_L
I-2532
I-2532
RT1
Figure 2-5
Terminal Resistance
I-2532 CAN to Fiber Converter User Manual (ver. 1.1, 2008/10/03) ------9
RT2
2.6 Wire Connection
The wire connection of I-2532 is displayed below.
Fiber Port
Tx
Tx
Rx
Rx
+10VDC ~ +30VDC
CAN_GND
CAN_GND
Power GND
CAN_H
CAN_H
Power GND
CAN_L
CAN_L
Earth
Earth
Power Port
+10VDC ~ +30VDC
CAN Port
(ISO 11898-2)
Figure 2-6
Wire Connection of I-2532
The I-2532 has a metallic board attached to the back of the plastic basket.
This metallic board and the F.G. pin of power connector are interconnected
inside the I-2532. When users mount the I-2532 onto a metal DIN rail, users
can connect the DIN rail to Earth Ground to replace connecting the F.G. pin of
power connector.
Metallic Board
Interconnecting
F.G.
Figure 2-7
Metallic Board at Back of I-2532
I-2532 CAN to Fiber Converter User Manual (ver. 1.1, 2008/10/03) ------10
3 Network Deployment
3.1 Definition
The definition of segment in a CAN bus system are shown as following
figure. The segment 2 is fiber cable. Generally, the segment 1 and segment 3
are copper cable. The copper cable is a balanced (differential) 2-wire interface.
It may be a Shielded Twisted Pair (STP), Un-shielded Twisted Pair (UTP), or
Ribbon cable.
CAN Bus
Segment 1
Segment 2
Segment 3
ISO 11898-2
Fiber
ISO 11898-2
I-2532
Figure 3-1
I-2532
Segment in CAN bus system
3.2 Driving Capability
Before introducing the driving capability of I-2532, some characteristics of
copper cable must be assumed. The AC parameters are 120Ω impedance and
5 ns/m line delay, and the DC parameter follows the table shown below.
Table 3-1
Recommended DC parameters for CAN Bus Line
Wire Cross-Section [mm2]
Resistance [Ω/km]
~0.25 (AWG23)
< 90
~0.5 (AWG20)
< 50
~0.8 (AWG18)
< 33
~1.3 (AWG16)
< 20
I-2532 CAN to Fiber Converter User Manual (ver. 1.1, 2008/10/03) ------11
Under the conditions described above, users can refer to the following
table to know the maximum node numbers in each segment following ISO
11898-2 and the maximum segment length when using different type of wire.
Table 3-2
Wire CrossSection [mm2]
Driving Capability
The maximum segment length [m] under the
case of specific node number in this segment
16 Nodes
32 Nodes
64 Nodes
100 Nodes
~0.25 (AWG23)
< 220
< 200
< 170
< 150
~0.5 (AWG20)
< 390
< 360
< 310
< 270
~0.8 (AWG18)
< 590
< 550
< 470
< 410
~1.3 (AWG16)
< 980
< 900
< 780
< 670
3.3 Fiber Selection & Fiber Length
The specification of fiber used to connect I-2532 is shown as following
table.
Table 3-3
Specification of Fiber
Type
Diameter [µm]
(Core/Cladding)
Operating
Wavelength [nm]
Multi-Mode
62.5/125
850
Higher attenuation of fiber will reduce the transmission distance. Users can
use following table to know the relationship between those two.
Table 3-4
Attenuation & Fiber Length
Attenuation [dB/km]
Fiber Length [m]
2.8
< 1400
4
< 400
I-2532 CAN to Fiber Converter User Manual (ver. 1.1, 2008/10/03) ------12
3.4 Baud and Bus Length
The limitation of baud on a CAN bus system is restricted by propagation
delay. On the other hand, long bus length leads to long propagation delay. The
relationship between baud and bus length is displayed below.
Table 3-5
Baud, Bus Length
Baud [bit/sec]
Ideal Bus Length [m]
500K
< 100
250K
< 250
125K
< 500
50K
< 1000
20K
< 2500
10K
< 5000
The definition of segments the relationship between segment length
(LSEG1, LSEG2 …) and bus length (LBUS) in the same CAN bus system are shown
in the following figure.
LBUS = Lseg1 + Lseg2 + Lseg3
Lseg1
Lseg2
ISO 11898-2
Fiber
I-2532
Figure 3-2
Lseg3
ISO 11898-2
I-2532
Segment Length and Bus Length
When users add one pair of I-2532 into a CAN bus system, the ideal bus
length will reduce 50 meters because the propagation delay of one I-2532 is
equal to the propagation delay caused by 25 meters bus length. For example,
if users use baud 50Kbps and add two I-2532s into a CAN bus system, the
ideal bus length should less than 950 meters (1000-25*2=950).
I-2532 CAN to Fiber Converter User Manual (ver. 1.1, 2008/10/03) ------13
4 Dimension
77.5
99
107
15
32.3
Left Side View
Right Side View
Front Side View
88.0 92.0
Back View
Top View
Figure 4-1
Unit: mm
Bottom View
Dimension of I-2532
I-2532 CAN to Fiber Converter User Manual (ver. 1.1, 2008/10/03) ------14
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