SWI-94 - products
Assisting the automation
industry since 1986
User manual
WEIGHT METER
SWI-94
•
•
•
Firmware: v.2.11 or higher
Input type: load cells
Calibration using theoretical characteristic or real load
Read the user's manual carefully before starting to use the unit or software.
Producer reserves the right to implement changes without prior notice.
2014.01.27
SWI-94_INSSXEN_v.2.09.002
User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
CONTENTS
1. BASIC REQUIREMENTS AND USER SAFETY........................................................................................3
2. GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS................................................................................................................4
3. TECHNICAL DATA......................................................................................................................................4
4. DEVICE INSTALLATION............................................................................................................................6
4.1. UNPACKING.......................................................................................................................................6
4.2. ASSEMBLY........................................................................................................................................6
4.3. CONNECTION METHOD...................................................................................................................8
4.4. MAINTENANCE................................................................................................................................15
5. FRONT PANEL DESCRIPTION ...............................................................................................................16
6. PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION...................................................................................................................16
6.1. MEASUREMENT MODE..................................................................................................................17
6.2. DETECTION OF THE PEAK VALUES............................................................................................17
6.3. CONTROL OF THE RELAY OUTPUTS..........................................................................................18
6.3.1. One threshold mode................................................................................................................19
6.3.2. Two thresholds mode..............................................................................................................21
7. DEVICE PROGRAMMING.........................................................................................................................22
7.1. PROGRAMMING MENU..................................................................................................................22
7.2. PARAMETERS EDITION.................................................................................................................23
7.2.1. Numeric parameters (digit change mode)...............................................................................23
7.2.2. Numeric parameters (slide change mode)..............................................................................23
7.2.3. Switch parameters (“LIST” type).............................................................................................23
7.3. MENU DESCRIPTION.....................................................................................................................24
7.3.1. “rELAy1” menu........................................................................................................................24
7.3.2. “bEEPEr” menu.......................................................................................................................27
7.3.3. “CALibr” menu.........................................................................................................................27
7.3.4. ”OutPUt” menu........................................................................................................................29
7.3.5. ”button” menu..........................................................................................................................30
7.3.6. ”Pr inP” parameter...................................................................................................................30
7.3.7. ”HOLd” menu...........................................................................................................................31
7.3.8. ”briGHt” parameter..................................................................................................................31
7.3.9. ”SECUr” menu.........................................................................................................................31
7.3.10. ”rS-485” menu.......................................................................................................................32
7.3.11. ”Edit t” parameter..................................................................................................................33
7.3.12. ”dEFS” parameter..................................................................................................................33
7.3.13. ”SErv” menu..........................................................................................................................33
7.4. MENU STRUCTURE........................................................................................................................34
8. CURRENT OUTPUT VALUE CALCULATION.........................................................................................36
9. SIGNALISATION OF ERRORS................................................................................................................36
10. THE MODBUS PROTOCOL HANDLING...............................................................................................37
10.1. LIST OF REGISTERS....................................................................................................................37
10.2. TRANSMISSION ERRORS DESCRIPTION..................................................................................41
10.3. EXAMPLES OF QUERY/ANSWER FRAMES...............................................................................41
11. DEFAULT AND USER'S SETTINGS LIST.............................................................................................44
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User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
Explanation of symbols used in the manual:
!
- This symbol denotes especially important guidelines concerning the installation and
operation of the device. Not complying with the guidelines denoted by this symbol
may cause an accident, damage or equipment destruction.
IF THE DEVICE IS NOT USED ACCORDING TO THE MANUAL THE USER IS
RESPONSIBLE FOR POSSIBLE DAMAGES.
i
- This symbol denotes especially important characteristics of the unit.
Read any information regarding this symbol carefully
1. BASIC REQUIREMENTS AND USER SAFETY
!
- The manufacturer is not responsible for any damages caused by
inappropriate installation, not maintaining the proper environmental
conditions and using the unit contrary to its assignment.
- Installation should be conducted by qualified personnel . During installation all
available safety requirements should be considered. The fitter is responsible for
executing the installation according to this manual, local safety and EMC
regulations.
- GND input of device should be connected to PE wire;
- The unit must be properly set-up, according to the application. Incorrect
configuration can cause defective operation, which can lead to unit damage or
an accident.
- If in the case of a unit malfunction there is a risk of a serious threat to the
safety of people or property additional, independent systems and
solutions to prevent such a threat must be used.
- The unit uses dangerous voltage that can cause a lethal accident. The unit
must be switched off and disconnected from the power supply prior to
starting installation of troubleshooting (in the case of malfunction).
- Neighbouring and connected equipment must meet the appropriate standards
and regulations concerning safety and be equipped with adequate overvoltage
and interference filters.
- Do not attempt to disassemble, repair or modify the unit yourself. The unit
has no user serviceable parts. Defective units must be disconnected and
submitted for repairs at an authorized service centre.
!
- In order to minimize fire or electric shock hazard, the unit must be protected
against atmospheric precipitation and excessive humidity.
- Do not use the unit in areas threatened with excessive shocks, vibrations, dust,
humidity, corrosive gasses and oils.
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User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
!
- Do not use the unit in areas where there is risk of explosions.
- Do not use the unit in areas with significant temperature variations, exposure to
condensation or ice.
- Do not use the unit in areas exposed to direct sunlight.
- Make sure that the ambient temperature (e.g. inside the control box) does not
exceed the recommended values. In such cases forced cooling of the unit must
be considered (e.g. by using a ventilator).
!
The unit is designed for operation in an industrial environment and must
not be used in a household environment or similar.
2. GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS
Weight meter SWI-94 is designed for cooperation with load cells (strain gages) in
application not required to be approved. Device is equipped with push-buttons allow easy
setting of tare and zero, and also switching between nett and gross indications. Measured
weight is displayed on 6-digit readable LED display. Two relay outputs allow to use the SWI
as controller for simple systems with batching function. Build in analogue output and RS-485
interface enable remote controlling of the device by a host system if required. The device
software allows to use two calibration methods: data sheet calibration, or dead weight
calibration. All critical states of the device are signalised by proper error messages.
3. TECHNICAL DATA
Power supply voltage
(depending on version)
External fuse (required)
Power consumption
85...230...260V AC/DC; 50 ÷ 60 Hz (separated)
or 19...24...50V DC; 16...24...35V AC (separated)
T - type, max. 2 A
max. 4.5 VA @ 85 ÷ 260V AC/DC
max. 4.5 VA @ 16V ÷ 35V AC
max. 4.5 W @ 19V ÷ 50V DC
Measurement input
tensometer, programmable sensitivity selectable up to
2 mV/V or 4 mV/V
Load cells power supply
4.6 V ± 10%, Imax ~ 60 mA
Load cells connections
6-wire technique, min. resultant impedance of 80 Ω
(e.g. 4 load cells 320 Ω)
Max. display divisions
10 000 d
Tare range
100% of selected measurement range
Display range
-99999 ÷ 999999, plus decimal point
Programmable input
4
separated
low level: 0V ÷ 1V
high level: 10V ÷ 30V (about 5.5mA @ 24V)
User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
Outputs
relay:
or OC-type (optional):
sensor power supply:
active current:
2 x NO, 1A/250V AC (cos ϕ = 1)
2; Imax=30mA / Umax=30VDC / Pmax=100mW
24V +5%, -10% / max. 100 mA, stabilized
range max. 0/4 ÷ 20 mA, load resistance max.700 Ω ,
13 bit resolution
Communication interface
RS 485, 8N1 and 8N2, Modbus RTU, not separated
Baud rate
1200 bit/s ÷ 115200 bit/s
Display
LED, 6 digit, 13mm height, red
Data memory
non-volatile memory, EEPROM type
Protection level
IP 65 (from front)
IP 20 (housing and connection clips)
Housing type
Housing material
Housing dimensions
Mounting hole
Assembly depth
Panel thickness
panel
NORYL - GFN2S E1
96 x 48 x 100 mm
90.5 x 43 mm
102 mm
max. 5 mm
Operating temperature
(depending on version)
0°C to +50°C
or -20°C to +50°C
Storage temperature
(depending on version)
-10°C to +70°C
or -20°C to +70°C
Humidity
Altitude
5 to 90% no condensation
up to 2000 meters above sea level
Screws tightening max. torque
Max. connection leads diameter
Safety requirements
0.5 Nm
2.5 mm2
according to: PN-EN 61010-1
installation category: II
pollution degree: 2
voltage in relation to ground: 300V AC
EMC
!
insulation resistance: >20MΩ
insulation strength between power supply and
input/output terminal: 1min. @ 2300V
insulation strength between relays terminal:
1min. @ 1350V
according to: PN-EN 61326-1
This is a class A unit. In housing or a similar area it can cause radio
frequency interference. In such cases the user can be requested to use
appropriate preventive measures.
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User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
4. DEVICE INSTALLATION
The unit has been designed and manufactured in a way assuring a high level of user
safety and resistance to interference occurring in a typical industrial environment. In order to
take full advantage of these characteristics installation of the unit must be conducted correctly
and according to the local regulations.
!
- Read the basic safety requirements on page 3 prior to starting the installation.
- Ensure that the power supply network voltage corresponds to the nominal
voltage stated on the unit’s identification label.
- The load must correspond to the requirements listed in the technical data.
- All installation works must be conducted with a disconnected power supply.
- Protecting the power supply clamps against unauthorized persons must be
taken into consideration.
4.1. UNPACKING
After removing the unit from the protective packaging, check for transportation damage. Any
transportation damage must be immediately reported to the carrier. Also, write down the unit
serial number on the housing and report the damage to the manufacturer.
Attached with the unit please find:
- user’s manual,
- warranty,
- assembly brackets - 2 pieces.
4.2. ASSEMBLY
!
- The unit is designed for mounting inside housings (control panel, switchboard)
insuring appropriate protection against surges and interference. Metal housings
must be connected to ground in a way that complies with the governing
regulations.
- Disconnect the power supply prior to starting assembly.
- Check the connections are wired correctly prior to switching the unit on.
!
6
In order to install the unit, a 90.5 x 43 mm mounting hole (Figure 4.1, 4.2) must be
prepared. The thickness of the material of which the panel is made must not exceed
5mm. When preparing the mounting hole take the grooves for catches located on
both sides of the housing into consideration (Figure 4.1, 4.2). Place the unit in the
mounting hole inserting it from the front side of the panel, and then fix it using the
brackets (Figure 4.3). The minimum distances between the centre points of multiple
units - due to the thermal and mechanical conditions of operation - are 115 mm x
67mm (Figure 4.4).
User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
90,5 mm
13 mm
43 mm
8 mm
8 mm
13 mm
1 mm
max. 5 mm
1 mm
Figure 4.1. Recommended mounting hole dimensions
43 mm
92 mm
max. 5 mm
Figure 4.2. Allowable mounting hole dimensions
8,5 mm
5 mm
16 mm
92 mm
12 mm
10 mm
Figure 4.3. Installing of brackets, and dimensions of connectors.
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User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
67 mm
115 mm
Figure 4.4. Minimum distances when assembly of a number of units
4.3. CONNECTION METHOD
Caution
!
- Installation should be conducted by qualified personnel . During installation all
available safety requirements should be considered. The fitter is responsible for
executing the installation according to this manual, local safety and EMC
regulations.
- The unit is not equipped with an internal fuse or power supply circuit breaker.
Because of this an external time-delay cut-out fuse with minimal possible nominal
current value must be used (recommended bipolar, max. 2A) and a power supply
circuit-breaker located near the unit. In the case of using a monopolar fuse it must
be mounted on the phase cable (L).
- The power supply network cable diameter must be selected in such a way that in
the case of a short circuit of the cable from the side of the unit the cable shall be
protected against destruction with an electrical installation fuse.
- Wiring must meet appropriate standards and local regulations and laws.
- In order to secure against accidental short circuit the connection cables must be
terminated with appropriate insulated cable tips.
- Tighten the clamping screws. The recommended tightening torque is 0.5 Nm.
Loose screws can cause fire or defective operation. Over tightening can lead to
damaging the connections inside the units and breaking the thread.
- In the case of the unit being fitted with separable clamps they should be inserted
into appropriate connectors in the unit, even if they are not used for any
connections.
- Unused clamps (marked as n.c.) must not be used for connecting any
connecting cables (e.g. as bridges), because this can cause damage to the
equipment or electric shock.
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User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
!
- If the unit is equipped with housing, covers and sealing packing, protecting
against water intrusion, pay special attention to their correct tightening or clamping.
In the case of any doubt consider using additional preventive measures (covers,
roofing, seals, etc.). Carelessly executed assembly can increase the risk of electric
shock.
- After the installation is completed do not touch the unit’s connections when it is
switched on, because it carries the risk of electrical shock.
Due to possible significant interference in industrial installations appropriate measures
assuring correct operation of the unit must be applied. To avoid the unit of improper
indications keep recommendations listed below.
–
Avoid common (parallel) leading of signal cables and transmission cables together with
power supply cables and cables controlling induction loads (e.g. contactors). Such cables
should cross at a right angle.
–
Contactor coils and induction loads should be equipped with anti-interference protection
systems, e.g. RC-type.
–
Use of screened signal cables is recommended. Signal cable screens should be
connected to the earthing only at one of the ends of the screened cable.
–
In the case of magnetically induced interference the use of twisted couples of signal
cables (so-called “spirals”) is recommended. The spiral (best if shielded) must be used
with RS-485 serial transmission connections.
–
In the case of measurement or control signals are longer than 30m or go outside of the
building then additional safety circuits are required.
–
In the case of interference from the power supply side the use of appropriate antiinterference filters is recommended. Bear in mind that the connection between the filter
and the unit should be as short as possible and the metal housing of the filter must be
connected to the earthing with largest possible surface. The cables connected to the filter
output must not run in parallel with cables with interference (e.g. circuits controlling relays
or contactors).
max. 2 mm
Connections of power supply voltage and measurement signals are executed using the
screw connections on the back of the unit’s housing.
6-7 mm
Figure 4.5. Method of cable insulation replacing and cable terminals
!
All connections must be made while power supply is disconnected !
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User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
Notes related to connection of strain bridges:
!
Installation should be made according to local safety and electromagnetic
compatibility regulations. While installation pay special attention to:
- use of shielded wires,
- shield of wires should be connected with metal housing using a conductive
glands or metal clamp to ensure proper electrical contact.
- shielded wires should be mounted as close metal case of the device (e.g.
connection box) as possible, and as far from disturbing wires (e.g. powering
motors) as possible.
Power
supply
+24V +5%, -10%
RS - 485
Imax = 100mA GND
DATA+
optional ACTIVE
(depending on version) current output
+ Uo -
- +
1
2
DATA-
3 4
5 6 7 8 9
10 11 12 13 14 15
30 31 32 33 34 35
R1
R2
programmable
input (polarity
doesn't matter)
EXC+
SIGN+
SENSE+
SENSE-
SIGN-
EXC-
Figure 4.6. Terminals description (relay outputs, device with current output)
Power
supply
+24V +5%, -10%
RS - 485
Imax = 100mA GND
DATA+
optional ACTIVE
(depending on version) current output
+ Uo -
- +
1
3 4
5 6 7 8 9
10 11 12 13 14 15
30 31 32 33 34 35
- +
OC1
(opcja)
2
DATA-
+ OC2
programmable
input (polarity
(opcja) doesn't matter)
OC1 ÷ OC2: Umax = 30V DC,
Imax = 30mA, Pmax = 100mW
EXC+
SIGN+
SENSE+
SENSE-
SIGN-
EXC-
Figure 4.7. Terminals description (OC-type outputs, device with current output)
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User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
L
N
1
2
R1
R2
10 11 12 13
FUSE
FUSE
L
N
Depending on version:
85...230...260V AC/DC or
19...24...50V DC; 16...24...35V AC
Figure 4.8. Connection of power supply and relays
!
Contacts of relay outputs are not equipped with spark suppressors. While use
the relay outputs for switching of inductive loads (coils, contactors, power
relays, electromagnets, motors etc.) it is required
to use additional
suppression circuit (typically capacitor 47nF/ min. 250VAC in series with
100R/5W resistor), connected in parallel to relay terminals or (better) directly
on the load. In consequence of using the suppression circuit, the level of
generated electromagnetic disturbances is lower, and the life of relay contacts
rises.
a)
L
10 11
b)
L
10 11
!
!
N
N
Figure 4.9. Examples of suppression circuit connection:
a) to relay terminals; b) to the inductive load
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User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
Uo
OC1
5 6
10 11
-
Uo
+
+
5 6
OC1
-
10 11
-
Logic controller
+
voltage input
24 V
-
+
+
LED 10 mA
Figure 4.10. Example of OC-type outputs connection
ACTIVE
current output
- +
3
4
Logic controller
+
current input
4-20 mA
-
Figure 4.11. Example of current outputs connection
12
R
2k2
-
User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
METAL HOUSING
NOTE: Shield and terminal No. 7 must
be connected to PE wire.
7
30 31 32 33 34 35
EXCSENSE-
load cell
transducer
SIGNSIGN+
SENSE+
EXC+
SHIELD
Rys. 4.12. Example of 6-wire load cell connection.
METAL HOUSING
NOTE: Shield and terminal No. 7 must
be connected to PE wire.
7
30 31 32 33 34 35
EXC-
load cell
transducer
SIGNSIGN+
EXC+
SHIELD
Rys. 4.13. Example of 4-wire load cell connection.
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User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
EXC+
SENSE-
SIGN+
SIGN+
SIGN-
SIGN-
SHIELD
.
.
.
.
EXC+
SHIELD
.
.
.
.
EXC+
SENSE+
EXC-
EXCSENSE-
SIGN+
SIGNSHIELD
SIGN+
EXC-
JUNCTION BOX FOR LOAD CELLS
EXC-
Trans. 1
EXC-
load cell
transducer
EXC+
SENSE+
SENSE+
SENSESIGN+
SIGNSHIELD
30
31
35
34
32
33
7
.
.
.
.
SIGNSHIELD
Rys. 4.14. Example of several 4-wire load cells connection using junction box.
14
EXC+
SENSE+
EXCSENSESIGN+
SIGNGND
SWI-94
EXC+
Trans. 4 (6)
load cell
transducer
User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
EXC+
SENSE+
EXC-
SIGN-
SIGN-
SHIELD
EXC+
SENSE+
EXCSENSESIGN+
SIGNSHIELD
SHIELD
.
.
.
.
EXC+
SENSE+
EXCSENSESIGN+
JUNCTION BOX FOR LOAD CELLS
SIGN+
Trans. 1
SENSE -
SIGN+
load cell
transducer
EXC-
EXC-
SENSE-
.
.
.
.
EXC+
SENSE+
SENSE+
SENSESIGN+
SIGNSHIELD
30
31
35
34
32
33
7
EXC+
SENSE+
EXCSENSESIGN+
SWI-94
EXC+
Trans. 4 (6)
load cell
transducer
SIGNGND
.
.
.
.
SIGNSHIELD
Rys. 4.15. Example of several 6-wire load cells connection using junction box.
4.4. MAINTENANCE
The unit does not have any internal replaceable or adjustable components available to
the user. Pay attention to the ambient temperature in the room where the unit is operating.
Excessively high temperatures cause faster ageing of the internal components and shorten the
fault-free time of unit operation.
In cases where the unit gets dirty do not clean with solvents. For cleaning use warm water with
small amount of detergent or in the case of more significant contamination ethyl or isopropyl
alcohol.
!
Using any other agents can cause permanent damage to the housing.
Product marked with this symbol should not be placed in municipal waste. Please
check local regulations for disposal and electronic products.
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User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
5. FRONT PANEL DESCRIPTION
stable measurement
LED indicator (><)
zero value
LED indicator (>0<-)
nett value LED indicator (NET)
0
NET
R1
R2
programming
pushbuttons
display
0
T
B/N
Thresholds exceeding
LED indicators (R)
ESC
MENU
ENTER
Symbols and functions of push-buttons:
ESC
MENU
ENTER
T
B/N
0
Symbol used in the manual: [ESC/MENU]
Functions:
• Enter to main menu ( press and hold by at least 2 sec.)
• Exit the current level and Enter to previous menu (or measure mode)
• Cancel the changes made in parameter being edited
Symbol used in the manual: [ENTER]
Functions:
• Start to edit the parameter
• Enter to the sub-menu,
• Confirmation of changes made in parameter being edited.
Symbol used in the manual: [^] or [T]
Functions:
• Tare
• Change of the present menu,
• Modification of the parameter value,
• Change of the display mode.
Symbol used in the manual: [v] or [B/N]
Functions:
• Switch between gross/nett value
• Change of the present menu,
• Modification of the parameter value,
• Change of the display mode.
Symbol used in the manual: [>0<]
Functions:
• zeroing displayed value.
6. PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION
After turning the power supply on, device ID and software version are showed on the
display, next the controller goes to the measurement mode.
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User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
6.1. MEASUREMENT MODE
While device is in measurement mode LED display shows gross or net weight. Net
weight presentation mode is signalized by LED marked „NET”. If the weight is constant while
10 successive measurements then it is signalized by LED marked „><” (stable measurement).
LED diode marked „>0<” signalizes that result of measurement is zero.
Zeroing of the scale is possible by pressing [>0<] button, but only when current weight
do not exceeds 2% of full range, and measurement is stable ( LED „><” is lighted). Pressing of
[ T ] button causes storing of current value as tare weight, after that device goes to displaying
net weight. Pressing of [ B/N ] button causes alternative change of presentation mode ( gross
- net weight).
Device recalculates measurement results according to calibration factors entered by
a user using „CALibr” menu. Nominal measurement range is 2 mV/V or 4 mV/V (depend on
value of „rAnGE” parameter in „CALibr” menu).
If the result of measurement exceeds the nominal measurement range, a warning
” Hi ” or ” Lo ” is displayed in place of measurement value, depends on exceeded value. All
other warnings are displayed in numerical or text form (see chapter SIGNALISATION OF
ERRORS).
i
If the measurement value do not exceeds nominal measurement range but
displayed value exceeds range -99999 ÷ 999999, the warning ”-OvEr-” is displayed
rather than the calculated result.
In the measurement mode user can check main thresholds values. After pressing
[ENTER] button, name of the threshold ”rELPr1” and his value will be displayed on the
display in alternating mode. If [^] or [v] will be pressed in 5 sec again, the next threshold will
be displayed, else the device comes back to the measurement mode. If a free access is
enabled (see description of ”SECur” menu), user can change the value of particular threshold
pressing button [ENTER] once again(see: PARAMETERS EDITION).
All accessible parameters can be changed by entering the menu (see: DEVICE
PROGRAMMING). Use the local keyboard or the remote controller to do it. (Note: all
parameters can be remote changed via RS-485 interface).
i
Configuration of the device (via menu or RS 485 interface) do not stops measures.
6.2. DETECTION OF THE PEAK VALUES
The SWI-94 weight meter is equipped with peaks detection function. It can detect a
peaks of the input signal and display their values. Presets connected with this function are
placed in ”HOLd” menu (see description of ”HOLd” menu). The detection of the peak can be
done if the measured signal raises and drops of value at least equal to parameter ”PEA”.
Detected peaks are displayed during the time defined by parameter ”timE”. If a new peak will
be detected while one is displayed, this new peak will be displayed and display time counter
will be cleared (Figure 6.1). If no peaks are detected while time ”timE” elapses, device starts
to show the current value of input signal again. If „H diSP”=”HOLD” then setting parameter
"timE"=0.0 causes holding peak value until [ESC] button is pressed. If „H diSP”=”rEAL” then
value "timE"=0.0 means no holding. Displaying peak value is signalized by flashing most right
decimal point.
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User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
The relays/LEDs and the current output can be controlled depending on the current value
of input signal or the peak value (see ”HOLd” menu).
measure
”timE”
”timE”
”PEA”
”PEA”
time
real measurement result
display value
Figure 6.1. Process of peaks detection
6.3. CONTROL OF THE RELAY OUTPUTS
The control of the object (measured signal) is done due to gross or nett value (depending
on “SourCE” parameter), and is realized via relay outputs. Front panel LEDs named „R”
indicates the state of particular relay output.
Modes of the control can be changed depend on the values of parameters “SourCE”,
“SEt P”, “SEt P2”, “HYSt”, “modE”, “t on”, “t oFF”, “unit” and “ALArmS”. Depend on
“modE” parameter, relays can be not used or controlled over one or two thresholds values.
If one threshold is used (Figure 6.2) the relay can be turned on (“modE” = ”on”) or off
(“modE” = ”oFF”) when the input signal value is contained in zone A. If two thresholds are
used (Figure 6.3) the relay will be turned on when value of input signal is contained in zone A
(“modE” = ”in”) or zone B (“modE” = ”out”) and turned off if the signal is contained in the
second one.
state of
relay/LED
”SEt P” parameter
zone B
zone A
measure
”HYSt” parameter
Figure 6.2. One threshold control of the relay/LED outputs
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User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
state of
relay/LED
”SEt P” or ”SEt P2” parameter
zone B
zone B
zone A
measure
”HYSt” parameter
Figure 6.3. Two threshold control of the relay/LED outputs
6.3.1. One threshold mode
Figure 6.4 presents the principle of relay outputs operation for one threshold mode, and
an example values of other parameters.
displayed value
a)
zone A
tB
tA
B
A
tC
c)
d)
e)
relay state
(modE = on
t on = 0
t oFF = 0)
relay state
(modE = oFF
t on = 0
t oFF = 0)
relay state
(modE = on
t on > 0
t oFF > 0)
relay state
(modE = oFF
t on > 0
t oFF > 0)
Description:
“SEt P” parameter
(expected signal value)
tD
BOFF B
ON
C
zone B
b)
measured
signal
D
DOFF
DON
“HYSt” parameter
(allowed signal
deviation)
time
closed
open
time
closed
open
time
closed
open
time
closed
“t on”
parameter
“t oFF”
parameter
open
time
“t oFF”
parameter
“t on”
parameter
A, B, C, D
- points where measured signal exceeds border values (expected value ± allowed deviation)
BON ,BOFF ,DON ,DOFF - relays state changes moments: (for “t on” > 0, “t oFF” > 0)
tA , tB , tC , tD
- time periods while input signal is in zone A or zone B
Figure 6.4. Principle of LED/relay output operation for one threshold mode
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User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
“SEt P” parameter sets a threshold of the relay, and parameter “HYSt” sets a
hysteresis of the relay (graph: a). The relay can change his state when input value is equal to
or greater than (over or under) border value (means values equal to threshold+hysteresis
and threshold-hysteresis respectively) and tA ,tB ,tC ,tD times are bigger than the time defined
by parameters “t on”, “t oFF” and “unit”. If “t on” and “t oFF” parameters are set to “0”,
then the relay state will be changed as soon as input value exceeds any of the border values
(see points A and C, graphs: a, b, c).
If values of “t on” or/and “t oFF” are positive, then relay state will be turned on if the
input value is equal to or greater than the border values and stays like that during at least
“t on” (see points BON, DON, graph a, d, e). Similarly, the relay will be turned off if time “t oFF”
elapse since the input signal value is equal to or greater than the border values (see points
BOFF, DOFF, graph: a, d, e).
If tA ,tB ,tC or tD (when input signal stay in zone A or zone B) are lower than parameters
“t on” or “t oFF”, the relay will not change his state (see points A and C, graph: a, d, e). The
state of relay output while the input value exceeds the border values (points A, B, C, D) is
described by parameter “modE”. The relay can be turned on (“modE” = ”on”), or turned off
(“modE” = ”oFF”) when input signal value is contained in zone A (graph: a).
The parameter “ALArmS” allow user to set the relay output behaviour in critical
situations (e. g. Input values exceeds permissible measurement range). User can select
that the relays will be turned on, turned off,or not changed in critical situations.
All parameters connected with relay outputs are described in paragraph ”rELAy1” menu.
20
User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
6.3.2. Two thresholds mode
displayed value
tA
tB
tC
COFF CON
zone B
tD
measure
d signal
tE
“HYSt” parameter
C
BON
BOFF
a)
zone A
A
D
E
B
EOFF
EON
“SEt P” or “SEt P2”
parameter
“HYSt” parameter
zone B
b)
c)
d)
e)
relay state
(modE = in
t on = 0
t oFF = 0)
relay state
(modE = out
t on = 0
t oFF = 0)
time
closed
time
closed
open
time
relay state
(modE = in
t on > 0
t oFF > 0)
relay state
(modE = out
t on > 0
t oFF > 0)
open
closed
open
time
“t oFF” parameter
“t on” parameter
open
“t on” parameter
closed
time
“t oFF” parameter
“t on” parameter
“t oFF” parameter
Description:
A, B, C, D, E
- points where measured signal exceeds border values (expected value ± allowed deviation)
BON ,BOFF ,CON ,COFF ,EON ,EOFF
- relays state changes moments: (for “t on” > 0, “t oFF” > 0)
tA , tB , tC , tD , tE
- time periods while input signal is in zone A or zone B
Figure 6.5. Principle of LED/relay output operation for two thresholds mode
Figure 6.5 presents the principle of relay outputs operation for two thresholds mode, and
an example values of other parameters. In this mode parameter “SEt P2” is accessible in
common with “SEt P2”, this parameter describes a second threshold of the relay output. The
parameters “HYSt”, “modE”, “t on”, “t oFF”, “unit” and “ALArmS” are connected with both
“SEt P” and “SEt P2” thresholds. While the controlling process, the relay output changes his
state depends of both “SEt P” and “SEt P2” thresholds in similar way as it was described in
one threshold mode (for more details see Tab.7.1). Time parameters like “t on”, “t oFF” and
“unit” also affects both thresholds.
If two threshold mode is used, “modE” parameter defines state of the relay output when
the input value occurs in a particular zone defined by border values of both thresholds. The
relay can be turned on if the input value is contained in zone A (“modE” = ”in”) or zone B
(“modE” = ”out”) and turned off if it is contained in the second one (Figure 6.5).
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User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
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Control of relay outputs depends on difference between thresholds values (zone A )
and outside of threshold values (zone B). But the order of the thresholds is important if
“HYSt” parameter is equal zero (see Tab.7.1).
7. DEVICE PROGRAMMING
The device menu allow user to set all parameters connected to operation of
measurement input, control modes, critical situations behaviour, communication via RS-485
and access settings. The meaning of the particular parameters is described in paragraph
MENU DESCRIPTION.
Some of the parameters can be accessed without menu entering (quick view mode).
After pressing [ENTER] button, name of the threshold (”rELPr1”) and his value will be
displayed on the display in alternating mode. If [^] or [v] will be pressed in 5 sec, the next
threshold will be displayed, else the device comes back to the measurement mode. If a free
access is enabled (see description of ”SECUr” menu), user can change the value of
particular threshold pressing button [ENTER] (see: PARAMETERS EDITION).
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If particular parameter has been changed and confirmed in quick view mode, its
new value is displayed in alternating mode with parameter name by few seconds.
Confirmed changes may be checked or user can switch viewed parameter pressing
[^] or [v] button.
7.1. PROGRAMMING MENU
To enter main menu (being in the measurement mode) operator must to press and hold
at least 2 sec. [ESC/MENU] button.
If the user password is defined (see parameter “SEtCod“, menu ”SECUr”), operator have to
enter correct one before proceeding to menu options . Entering of the passwords is similar to
the edition of numeric parameters (see: PARAMETERS EDITION ), however presently editing
digit is showed only on the display, other digits are replaced by “-” sign.
After entering of last digit of the password first menu position will be displayed (if the password
is correct) or warning ”Error” in other case.
!
Pay attention when device parameters are being changed. If it is possible, turn off
controlled installation (machine).
Functions of the buttons while sub-menu and parameters choice:
Selection of sub-menu or parameter for editing. Name of selected item (submenu or parameter) is displayed.
ENTER
ESC
MENU
22
Operation of [ENTER] button depend on present menu position:
• if the name of some sub-menu is displayed - enter this sub-menu; name
of the first parameter (or next level sub-menu) is displayed,
• if the name of some parameter is displayed - enter the edition of this
parameter; present value of the parameter is displayed,
[ESC/MENU] button allow user to exit present menu level and goes to upper
level menu (or measurement mode).
User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
7.2. PARAMETERS EDITION
To start edition of any parameter user should select name of desired one using [^] [v]
buttons and then press [ENTER].
7.2.1. Numeric parameters (digit change mode)
Numerical parameters are displayed as decimal numbers. The mode of its new value
entering depends on chosen edit method ( see parameter „Edit”).
In mode “by digit” („Edit”=”dig”) pressing one of the keys [^] or [v] causes change of
current position (flashing digit) or the sign (+/-). Short pressing of the [ENTER] button causes
change of the position (digit).
Press [ENTER] at least 2 seconds to accept the changes, after that question ”SEt?” is
displayed, and user must to confirm (or cancel) the changes. To conform changes (and story it
in EEPROM) press [ENTER] button shortly after ”SEt?” is displayed. To cancel the changes
press [ESC] button shortly after ”SEt?” is displayed. After that device returns to the menu.
7.2.2. Numeric parameters (slide change mode)
In “slide change” mode („Edit”=”Slid”), buttons [^] and [v] has different functions.
To increase edited value press (or press and hold) [^] button only, the increasing
became quickest as long as button [^] is pressed. To slow down the increasing, button [v] can
be used. If [v] is pressed shortly (and button [^] is still pressed), increasing slow down for
a moment only, if [v] is pressed and held while button [^] is still pressed the increasing slow
down and will be kept on lower speed.
To decrease edited value press (or press and hold ) [v] button only. The decreasing
became quickest as long as button [v] is pressed. To slow down the decreasing, button [^]
can be used. If [^] is pressed shortly (and button [v] is still pressed), decreasing slow down for
a moment only, if [^] is pressed and held while button [v] is still pressed the decreasing slow
down and will be kept on lower speed.
Press [ENTER] at least 2 seconds to accept the changes, after that question ”SEt?” is
displayed, and user must to confirm (or cancel) the changes. To conform changes (and story it
in EEPROM) press [ENTER] button shortly after ”SEt?” is displayed. To cancel the changes
press [ESC] button shortly after ”SEt?” is displayed. After that device returns to the menu.
7.2.3. Switch parameters (“LIST” type)
Switch parameters can be described as a sets of values (a lists) out of which only one of
the options available on the list can be selected for the given parameter. Options of switching
parameter are selected using [^], [v] keys.
Short pressing of [ENTER] causes in displaying of the acknowledge question (”SEt?”). If
key [ENTER] is pressed again, the changes are accepted, stored in EEPROM end the edition
process finished. Pressing the key [ESC] after ”SEt?” causes in cancelling of made changes
and returning to menu.
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User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
Functions of buttons when editing numeric and switching parameters:
While editing numeric parameter:
• change of current (flashing) digit
• slide change of value (acceleration, deceleration, direction change)
While editing switch parameter - selection of switch parameter.
ENTER
ESC
MENU
If numerical parameter is being edited, a short press of [ENTER] button
change edited position. A long press of [ENTER] button (at lest 2 sec.)
causes of display a ”SEt?” ask, which allow user to make sure if change of
the parameter value is correct. If switch parameter is being edited, a short
press of [ENTER] button causes of display a ”SEt?” ask. When [ENTER]
button is pressed again (while ”SEt?” is displayed) the new value of the
parameter is stored in EEPROM memory.
Pressing this button operator can cancel the changes done up to now (if they
were not approved by [ENTER] button after the ”SEt?” ask) and come back
to menu
7.3. MENU DESCRIPTION
“- - - -”
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- password checking. If some password different from „0000” is set, then every
enter to main menu follows the entering of password. If entered password is
correct then first menu position will be displayed else warning ”Error”, and unit
returns to measurement mode.
Due to problem with direct displaying of “m” letter, it is exchanged with special sign
“
“. Independently in user manual letter „m” is used to make it more readable
(example: “modE”).
7.3.1. “rELAy1” menu
This menu allows to configure the operation mode of relays and LEDs marked „R” (e.g. „R1”).
If there are few relay outputs available, then every output has its own configuration menu (e.g.
menu „rELAy2” for relay (LED) „R2”). Principle of the relays operation is described in
paragraph CONTROL OF THE RELAY OUTPUTS.
“SourCE”
- parameter defining kind of result using to control state of this relay.
It can be set to one of two values:
“GroSS” - relay is controlled due to gross value of weight,
“ nEtt ” - relay is controlled due to nett value of weight.
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The relays/LEDs can be controlled depending on the current value of input signal or
the peak value (see ”HOLd” menu).
“SEt P”
- first threshold of the relay (range -99999 ÷ 999999). Threshold is the medium
value of relay hysteresis.
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User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
“SEt P2” - second threshold of the relay (range -99999 ÷ 999999). This threshold is
accessible when ”modE” parameter is set to „in” or „out” value. Threshold is
the medium value of relay hysteresis.
“HYSt”
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- hysteresis of relay (range 0 ÷ 99999). Full hysteresis of the relay is equal to 2x
“HYSt” parameter. The relay state can change when an input signal is out of
threshold-hysteresis to threshold+hysteresis zone.
Presented parameters should be set to ensure that ”SEt P” + ”HYSt”,
”SEt P2” + ”HYSt”, ”SEt P” - ”HYSt” or ”SEt P2” - ”HYSt” do not exceeds the
measure range. Additionally, in two threshold mode (“modE”= „in” or „out”), the
hysteresis for both thresholds must not cover each other (in other case relay can't
change his state).
“modE” - relay operation mode. There are six options:
“noACt”
“on”
- the relay is not active (permanent turned off)
- one threshold mode, the relay is turned ON when input signal is greater than
or equal to the threshold; detailed mode of action depends on “SEt P” and
“HYSt” parameters settings and is shown in Tab.7.1,
“oFF”
- one threshold mode, the relay is turned OFF when input signal is greater
than or equal to the threshold; detailed mode of action depends on “SEt P”
and “HYSt” parameters settings and is shown in Tab.7.1,
“in”
- two thresholds mode; relays turns on when measured signal is between
thresholds; detailed mode of action depends on “SEt P”, “SEt P2” and
“HYSt” parameters settings and is shown in Tab.7.1,
“Out”
- two thresholds mode; relays turns on when measured signal is outside the
thresholds range; detailed mode of action depends on “SEt P”, “SEt P2” and
“HYSt” parameters settings and is shown in Tab.7.1,
“modbuS” - the relay is controlled via RS-485 interface, independently on the input
signal.
Mode:
Relay switches on when:
„on”
„oFF”
Relay switches off when:
w ≥ Pr,
w ≥ Pr + h,
for h=0 w < Pr,
for h≠0 w ≤ Pr - h,
for h=0
for h≠0
w < Pr,
w ≤ Pr - h,
for h=0 w ≥ Pr,
for h≠0 w ≥ Pr + h,
for h=0
for h≠0
Pr1 ≤ w ≤ Pr2,
Pr1 + h ≤ w ≤ Pr2 - h,
for h=0 w < Pr1 v w > Pr2,
for h≠0 w ≤ Pr1 - h v w ≥ Pr2 +h,
for h=0
for h≠0
„Out” for SEt P < SEt P2
w < Pr1 v w > Pr2,
w ≤ Pr1 - h v w ≤ Pr2 +h,
for h=0 Pr1 ≤ w ≤ Pr2,
for h≠0 Pr1 + h ≤ w ≤ Pr2 - h,
for h=0
for h≠0
„in”
Pr1 > w > Pr2,
Pr1 – h ≥ w ≥ Pr2 + h,
for h=0 w ≥ Pr1 v w ≤ Pr2,
for h≠0 w ≥ Pr1 + h v w ≤ Pr2 – h,
for h=0
for h≠0
w ≥ Pr1 v w ≤ Pr2,
w ≥ Pr1 + h v w ≤ Pr2 – h,
for h=0 Pr1 > w > Pr2,
for h≠0 Pr1 – h ≥ w ≥ Pr2 + h,
for h=0
for h≠0
„in”
for SEt P < SEt P2
for SEt P > SEt P2
„Out” for SEt P > SEt P2
25
User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
Where:
Pr1 – value in parameter SEt P,
Pr2 – value in parameter SEt P2,
h – value in HYSt parameter,
w – measured value,
Tab.7.1. Relay mode of action depending on modes and values in parameters “SEt P” ,
“SEt P2” and “HYSt”
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•
•
LEDs light when relays are closed, independently of relays' mode.
When power supply fail, unit do not store relays state selected by RS-485
interface.
“t on”
- turn on delay time, the relay is turned on with delay equal “t on” if the input value
is equal to or greater than appropriate border value (defined with threshold and
hysteresis), at least “t on” time. “t on” range 0 ÷ 99.9, defined with 0.1 sec.
resolution. Unit of this parameter is set by “unit” parameter.
“t oFF”
- turn off delay time, the relay is turned off with delay equal “t oFF” if the input value
is equal to or greater than appropriate border value (defined with threshold and
hysteresis), at least “t oFF” time. “t oFF” range 0 ÷ 99.9, defined with 0.1 sec.
resolution. Unit of this parameter is set by “unit” parameter.
If time when the input signal is equal to or greater than some border value is
shorter than “t on” or “t oFF” time, the relay do not change his state (see
paragraph: CONTROL OF THE RELAY OUTPUTS).
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“unit”
- unit of time for “t on” and “t oFF” parameters. Can be set on one of two values:
“min”
- minutes,
“SEC”
- seconds.
“ALArmS”
- this parameter defines the relay reaction when some critical situations
occurs:
“noCHAn”
“on”
“oFF”
- relay do not change his state,
- relay will be turned on,
- relay will be turned off.
If parameter “modE” is set to “on” , “oFF”, “in” or “Out” the “critical situation”
means that nominal input range is exceeded.
If parameter “modE” is set to “modbuS”, the “critical situation” means
communication delay (when no data is received) longer than “mbtimE” parameter
(see description: “rS-485” menu).
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•
•
26
If option “noCHAn” is selected for “ALArmS” parameter, behaviour of the relay
may depend on “FiLtEr” parameter in some cases. If “FiLtEr” is set to big value
and the input signal drops, result value of the measure will change slow, causes
of turning on or off relay due to thresholds values. The critical situation is slowly
detected, so it is impossible to predict the relay state in that situations.
If parameter „AL” = „on”, the relay will be turned on in the critical situations,
even if his parameter “modE” = ”noAC”.
User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
7.3.2. “bEEPEr” menu
This menu contains options connected with acoustic signal :
"AL”
"r1”
"r2"
- if this parameter is set to “on”, any critical situation causes by acoustic signal
- if this parameter is set to “on”, activation of relay R1 causes by acoustic signal
- if this parameter is set to “on”, activation of relay R2 causes by acoustic signal
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Acoustic signal (turned on by e.g. relay ) can be turned off by pressing of any
button.
7.3.3. “CALibr” menu
This menu contains options for measurement input calibration:
”rESOL” - display resolution of measurements, relays thresholds, and calibration values.
Available values: 0.01; 0.02; 0.05; 0.1; 0.2; 0.5; 1; 2; 5; 10; 20; 50.
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According to practical application circumstances (to get stable measurements) it is
recommended to set „rESOL” parameter value according to selected measurement
range. Set such value of „rESOL” to ensure that whole number of measurement
divisions do not exceed permissible value (for theoretical calibration ratio of
„r LoAd” / ”rESOL” < 10000, similarly while dead weight calibration ratio of „LoAd” /
”rESOL” < 10000).
”rAnGE” - measurement input range, 2 mV/V or 4 mV/V. Set this range according to
parameter Rated Output (R.O.) of strain bridge.
”C tYPE” - calibration type. Possible values:
“dAtA”
“rEAL”
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”r LoAd”
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”r out”
- theoretical calibration („Data Sheet” type calibration) according to data sheet
of load cell transducers (strain bridges),
- dead weight calibration (entry of values for certain known loads).
„CALibr” menu shows option related to selected calibration method only. When
dead weight calibration is selected then „LoAd” parameter is visible. When
theoretical calibration is selected then parameters „r LoAd” and „r out” are visible in
place of „LoAd”.
- Rated Load calibration parameter.
This parameter is expressed in kg and can be changed in range from 000000
to 999999, making allowance for „rESOL” parameter.
In case of connection of two, three or four transducers parameter „r LoAd” should
be set to arithmetic sum of nominal weights of all the sensors.
- Rated Output calibration parameter (output value of load cell transducer
at nominal load). This parameter is expressed in mV/V and can be set in range
from 0.0000 to 1.9999 (when „rAnGE” = 2mV/V) or from 0.0000 to 3.9999
(when „rAnGE” = 4mV/V).
27
User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
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In case of connection of two, three or four transducers parameter „r out” should be
set as arithmetic mean of all sensors signals.
”LoAd ”
- function allowing dead weight calibration. After selection of this function it is
necessary to enter some value (expressed in kg) and confirm entered value by
pressing [ENTER] or press [ESC] when value needn't to be changed. To
cancel calibration press [ESC] after questions „rEADY?” appear. Pressing
[ENTER] after „rEADY?” appear causes storing current value of input signal. If
input signal value exceeds permissible range then calibration fails and
message „Err” is displayed. Weight is expressed in kg, and can be changed in
range from 000000 to 999999 making allowance for „rESOL” parameter.
Due to measurement precision it is recommended to use weight not less than 2/3
of full scale weight while dead weight calibration. Best results can be obtained after
calibration with dead weight equal to maximum expected weight put of the scale.
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”S ZEro”
- this function allows to storing momentary value as “zero” of recalculation
characteristic. Storing is done directly after pressing of [ENTER] button.
”Z oFFS”
- Zero Offset calibration parameter.
This parameter is expressed in kg and can be changed in range from 000000
to 999999, making allowance for „rESOL” parameter.
”FiLtEr”
”S tESt”
- this parameter defines input signal filtration rate. It can be changed in range
from 0 (lowest filtration) to 5 (highest filtration) which corresponds to 26Hz, 17Hz,
8Hz, 4Hz, 1Hz, 0,5Hz. Bigger filtration level causes slower changes of
measurement results because measurements are realised with longer time
interval. While fast changes of input signal (weight) high value of „FiLtEr” can
cause degradation of measurement precision.
- this function allows to view transducer signal value expressed in mV/V.
Procedure of theoretical calibration
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Set parameter „C tYPE” = „dAtA”.
Set required measurement displaying resolution (rESOL” parameter).
Set proper working range of measurement input („rAnGE” parameter).
Set required values of parameters „r LoAd” and „r out”.
Unload scale (get weight off from a scale if it was loaded).
Make zeroing using „S Zero” function.
After this procedure device is ready to work.
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If it is impossible to get weight off from a scale if it was loaded then points 5 and 6
can be skipped. Instead it is required to enter known value of the empty scale as an
„Z oFFS” parameter.
Procedure of dead weight calibration:
1.
28
Set parameter „C tYPE” =„rEAL”.
User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Set required measurement displaying resolution („rESOL” parameter).
Set proper working range of measurement input („rAnGE” parameter).
Unload scale (get weight off from a scale if it was loaded).
Make zeroing using „S Zero” function.
Load scale with known weight.
Enter the value of known (calibration) weight using „LoAd” function.
After this procedure device is ready to work.
7.3.4. ”OutPUt” menu
This menu contains parameters of current output control.
“OUtmod”
- current output mode, can be set to values:
”oFF”
- current output disabled,
”4-20”
- current output enabled with 4 ÷ 20 mA mode,
“0-20”
- current output enabled with 0 ÷ 20 mA mode,
”modbuS”- current output controlled via RS-485 interface.
“SourCE”
- this parameter defines source of signal controlling the analog output,
and can be set to one of two values:
“GroSS” - output is controlled due to gross value of weight,
“ nEtt ” - output is controlled due to nett value of weight.
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The analog output can be controlled depending on the current value of chosen
source or the peak value (see ”HOLd” menu).
”OUt LO” - this parameter determines the input value for which the output current is minimal
(4 mA or 0 mA depend of current output mode „Outmod”).
“OUt HI” - this parameter determines the input value for which the output current is equal
20mA.
The output current value is calculated due to formulas given below:
I out =
W −" OUt LO"
× 16 mA4 mA
"OUt HI" −"OUt LO"
I out =
W −"OUt LO"
× 20 mA
"OUt HI" −"OUt LO"
for output range
4 ÷ 20 mA
for output range
0 ÷ 20 mA
where “W” denotes the displayed value.
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“Out LO” parameter can be greater than “Out HO”. In this case the conversion
characteristic is reversed, it means that if input value raises the output current falls.
”Lo r”, ”Hi r”
- this parameters define the output current range (maximum range 0 to 24 mA).
If calculated output value Iout exceeds defined range then current output
generates the current equal to upper or lower border of the defined range. The
parameters define the percentage extension of nominal current range 4-20 mA
(with 0,1% resolution).
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User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
Parameter “Lo r” defines lower border of the range due to formula:
Imin = 4 mA - 4 mA × “Lo r” %.
This parameter can be set from 0 to 99.9%.
Parameter “Hi r” defines lower border of the range due to formula:
Imax = 20 mA + 20 mA × “Hi r” %.
This parameter can be set from 0 to 19.9%.
In example on page 36 of the DISPLAY VALUES CALCULATION paragraph
the procedure of the current outputs determining is presented in details.
“AL”
- this parameter determines the behaviour of current output if any critical situation
occurs. The parameter can be set to one of the values:
“noCHAn”
“22.1”
“3.4”
“0.0”
- current will not change,
- current will be set to 22.1 mA,
- current will be set to 3.4 mA,
- current will be set to 0 mA.
When the critical situation goes, the current will be set to value calculated due to
formulas given above.
If parameter “OUtmod” is set to, “oFF”, “4-20” or “0-20”, the “critical situation” means
that nominal measurement range is exceeded.
If parameter “OUtmod” is set to “modbuS”, the “critical situation” means
communication delay (when no data is received) longer than “mbtimE” parameter (see
description: “rS- 485” menu).
7.3.5. ”button” menu
This menu allows enabling of functions realised by [>0<], [ T ] and [ B/N ] buttons.
”b ZEro” - enable of zeroing function - button [>0<]:
“oFF”
- disabled,
“on”
- enabled.
”b tArE” - enable of tare function - button [ T ]:
“oFF”
- disabled,
“on”
- enabled.
”b nett” - enable of presentation mode switching ( gross/net) - button[ B/N ]:
“oFF”
- disabled,
“on”
- enabled.
7.3.6. ”Pr inP” parameter
This parameter allows enabling of function realised by programmable input.
”diSAbL” - disable programmable input,
”ZEro”
- use programmable input to execute zeroing function,
”tArE”
- use programmable input to execute tare function,
30
User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
7.3.7. ”HOLd” menu
This menu contains parameters connected with peak detection function. See also full
description of the peak detection function in paragraph: DETECTION OF THE PEAK VALUES
“modE” - the type of detected changes of the input signal, can be set to values:
”norm”
”inv”
- peaks, peak and next drop of the input signal of value equal at least “PEA”,
- drops, drop and next peak of the input signal of value equal at least “PEA”,
“PEA”
- minimal detected signal change classified as peak or drop (see Figure 6.1)
“timE”
- maximum time of displaying of the peak (drop) value, can be set from 0.0 to 19.9
sec, with 0.1 sec. resolution. If „H diSp”=”HOLD” then setting parameter
"timE"=0.0 causes holding peak value until [ESC] button is pressed. If
„H diSp”=”rEAL” then value "timE"=0.0 means no holding.
“H diSp” - type of displayed values:
”rEAL”
”HOLd”
- current value is displayed,
- peak (drop) value is displayed,
“H rEL1”, “H rEL2” - relay/LED outputs ( R1,R2) operation mode:
”rEAL”
”HOLd”
- relay/LED operates depend on the current value,
- relay/LED operates depend on the peak (drop) value.
”H OUtP” - current output operation mode:
”rEAL”
”HOLd”
- current output operates depend on the current value,
- current output operates depend on the peak (drop) value.
7.3.8. ”briGHt” parameter
This parameter allows user to set bright of the LED display, bright can be set to
conventional values from 1 to 8.
7.3.9. ”SECUr” menu
This menu contains presets connected with availability of other parameters:
”SEtCod” user password (4-digits number). If this parameter is set at value “0000”,
user password is turned off.
i
If the user do not remember his password, the access to the menu is possible
by the “one-use password”. To get this password please contact with
Marketing Division. “Single use password” can be used only one time, after
that it is destroyed. Entering this password causes in clearing of user
password, it means sets the user password to „0000”.
31
User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
The “one-use password” can be used ONE TIME ONLY, it is impossible to use it
again! The “one-use password” can be restored by Service Division only.
“Acc r1, Acc r2” - this option permits user (”on”) or prohibits (”oFF”) to modify the
thresholds of the relays/LEDs R1, R2 without knowledge about user password.
7.3.10. ”rS-485” menu
This menu is connected with RS-485 interface, and sets his properties:
”Addr”
- this parameter defines the address of the device, accordingly to Modbus protocol.
It can be set in range from 0 to 199. If the value 0 is set then device, responds to
frames with address 255 (FFh).
”bAud”
- this parameter determines RS-485 interface baud rate. It can be set to one of 8
possible values: ”1200”, ”2400”,”4800”, ”9600”, ”19200”, ”38400”, ”57600”,
”115200”.
”mbAccE”
- this parameter sets the access to the configuration registers of the device.
Possible values:
”on”
- configuration registers can be set via RS-485 interface,
”oFF”
- configuration registers can not be set via RS-485 interface.
i
The access to registers no 04h i 05h cant be denied by ”mbAccE” parameter (see:
LIST OF REGISTERS).
”mbtimE” - this parameter defines maximal time (sec) between following frames received by
the device. If the delay will be greater than the value of ”mbtimE” parameter, the
relays and the current output which are controlled via RS-485 interface, will set to
alert state (see "OUtPUt" menu and “rELAy1” menu description). Parameter
“mbtimE” can be set to values from 0 to 99 seconds. The value 0 means that the
time will be not controlled.
”rESP”
- this parameter defines minimal (additional) delay between the Modbus message
and the answer of the device (received and sent via RS-485 interface). This
additional delay allows the device to work with poor RS-converters which do not
works properly on baud rates higher than 19200. This parameter can be set to one
of values:
“Std”
” 10c”
” 20c”
” 50c”
”100c”
”200c”
i
32
- answer as quick as possible, no additional delay
- answer delayed of 10, 20, 50, 100 of 200 chars respectively, where
one character time depends on selected baud rate
In the most cases parameter ”rESP” should be set to ”Std” (no additional delay).
Unfortunately for some third party RS-converters ”rESP” should be adjusted
experimentally. Tab.7.2 contains most frequently used values.
User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
”bAud” parameter
“38.4”
“57.6”
“115.2”
”rESP” parameter
“ 10c”
“ 20c”
“ 50c”
Tab.7.2. Settings of ”rESP” parameter
7.3.11. ”Edit t” parameter
This parameter allows to change the edition mode of numerical parameters:
”dig”
- the change to “by digit” mode,
”Slid”
- slide change mode.
7.3.12. ”dEFS” parameter
This setting allows to restore the factory settings of the device. To get the access to this
option special password is required: „5465”, next the device displays acknowledge question
„SEt?”. Press [ENTER] to acknowledge the restoring of factory settings or [ESC] to cancel.
7.3.13. ”SErv” menu
This menu contains the parameters for authorized service only. To enter this menu
proper service password must be entered. Improper settings can causes of damage of the
device.
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User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
7.4. MENU STRUCTURE
Measurement mode
ESC
ESC
MENU
MENU
Press and hold at least 2 seconds
0___
4-digit user password entering (if it is different from „0000”)
ENTER
ENTER
ENTER
ESC
MENU
SourCE
rELAy1
ENTER
ENTER
ESC
MENU
ESC
MENU
MENU
SEt P2
ENTER
ESC
bEEPEr
ENTER
Parameter
edition
AL
ENTER
ESC
ESC
MENU
ESC
MENU
HYSt
MENU
modE
r1
t on
r2
ESC
MENU
Parameter
edition
SEt P
Options similar
to „rELAy1” menu
rELAy2
ESC
MENU
ENTER
ENTER
rESOL
CALibr
ENTER
ESC
Parameter
edition
t oFF
MENU
rAnGE
unit
C tYPE
ALArmS
ESC
MENU
r LoAd
Visible only if
”C tYPE”=”dAtA”
r out
S ZEro
Z oFFS
Visible only if
”C tYPE”=”dAtA”
LoAd
Visible only if
”C tYPE”=”rEAL”
FiLtEr
S tESt
ENTER
ESC
MENU
ENTER
OUtmod
OUtPUt
ENTER
ESC
Parameter
edition
MENU
ESC
MENU
ENTER
ESC
MENU
button
b ZEro
ENTER
ESC
MENU
See next page
SourCE
ENTER
ESC
Parameter
edition
OUt LO
MENU
b tArE
OUt HI
b nEtt
Lo r
Hi r
AL
34
optional
User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
See previous page
ENTER
ESC
MENU
Pr inP
ENTER
ESC
Parameter
edition
MENU
ESC
MENU
ENTER
HOLd
ENTER
modE
ENTER
briGHt
ENTER
ESC
Parameter
edition
ESC
MENU
MENU
ENTER
ESC
MENU
Parameter
edition
PEA
ENTER
ESC
MENU
ESC
MENU
ENTER
SEtCod
SECUr
ENTER
ESC
MENU
ESC
Parameter
edition
timE
H disP
MENU
Acc r1
H rEL1
Acc r2
H rEL2
H OUtP
ENTER
ESC
MENU
ENTER
Addr
rS-485
ENTER
ESC
Parameter
edition
MENU
bAud
ESC
MENU
ENTER
ESC
MENU
Edit t
ESC
MENU
Parameter
edition
mbAccE
mbtimE
rESP
4-digit special
password entering
ENTER
ESC
MENU
ENTER
0___
dEFS
MENU
ENTER
SEt?
ESC
Default settings
restoring
ESC
MENU
ESC
MENU
SErv
35
User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
8. CURRENT OUTPUT VALUE CALCULATION
Lets assume that we have active current output and its parameters are:
“modE” = “on”, “OUt LO” = 100, “OUt HI” = 200, “Lo r” = 5.0, “Hi r” = 5.0
Parameters “Lo r” and “Hi r” define working range of current output to 3,8 ÷ 21 mA.
Output current will be calculated for three displayed values „D”:
a) D = „17.5”
According to formula from page 29:
Iout = (17.5-10.0) / (20.0-10.0) × 16 mA + 4 mA = 0.75 ·16 + 4 = 16 mA
Calculated Iout do not exceeds the output working range (3 - 21 mA).
b) D = „20.5”
According to formula from page 29:
Iout = (20.5-10.0) / (20.0-10.0) × 16 mA + 4 mA = 1.05 ·16 + 4 = 20.08 mA
Calculated Iout do not exceeds the output working range (3 - 21 mA).
c) D = „30.0”
According to formula from page 29:
Iout = (30.0-10.0) / (20.0-10.0) × 16 mA + 4 mA = 2 ·16 + 4 = 36 mA.
Calculated Iout exceeds the output working range (3 - 21 mA), so current output will generate
current equal to the upper border of range defined by parameter “Lo r” and “Hi r” (it means
21 mA).
9. SIGNALISATION OF ERRORS
Some critical situations are signalised in texts or numbers format (like „Err NN”), where
NN denotes error number and can be one of values presented below:
36
NN
Description
Meaning
16
“ ErrC ”
Dead weight calibration error
68
“Short ”
Shortcut on input or resultant impedance of input load cell(s)
(tensometer sensor) is to low
70
“ OPEn ”
Break of input circuit or incorrect input voltage level
72
“OvEr V”
Exceeding of input voltage permissible range or connectors
30...35 of the tensometer sensor are not connected
73
“OvEr C”
Exceeding of current source maximum load (tensometer sensor
overloads measurement input)
74
“tr Err”
Converter (transducer) error – contact with manufacturer's
service
75
“no rEF”
96
“Lo”
Exceeding of measurement range lower border
160
“Hi”
Exceeding of measurement range upper border
-
“mZ Err”
Manual Zeroing error (function cannot be done)
-
“mt Err”
Manual Tare error (function cannot be done)
-
“-OvEr-”
measured value exceeds the display range (-99999 ÷ 999999)
No reference voltage or incorrect input voltage level
User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
10. THE MODBUS PROTOCOL HANDLING
Transmission parameters: 1 start bit, 8 data bits, 1 or 2 stop bit (2 bits are send, 1 and 2 bits
are accepted when receive), no parity control
Baud rate:
selectable from: 1200 to 115200 bits/second
Transmission protocol:
MODBUS RTU compatible
The device parameters and display value are available via RS-485 interface, as HOLDINGtype registers (numeric values are given in U2 code) of Modbus RTU protocol. The registers
(or groups of the registers) can be read by 03h function, and wrote by 06h (single registers) or
10h (group of the registers) accordingly to Modbus RTU specification. Maximum group size for
03h and 10h functions can not exceeds 16 registers (for single frame).
i
The device interprets the broadcast messages, but then do not sends the answers.
10.1. LIST OF REGISTERS
Some parameters are located on two registers (higher word in first register, and lower word in
next one). After writing of one of them device controls result of their 32-bit value, and if it is
necessary corrects value of second register automatically. If appropriate modification is
impossible, both registers stay unaffected and device responds with error code 03h
(see: TRANSMISSION ERRORS DESCRIPTION).
Register
Write
Range
01h
02h1
No
-99999 ÷
999999
03h
No
0h
or error no
04h
No
0÷2
Decimal point position. The same as 11h register.
1
Register description
Measurement value (no decimal point)
The status of the current measurement; 0h - data valid; other values
describe errors (see SIGNALISATION OF ERRORS)
05h
Yes
0 ÷ 31
State of the relays, LEDs and programmable input (binary format)
(1 - on, 0 - off): 00000000 00fedcba
a - relay R1; b - relay R2; c - LED “NET”; d - LED “><”;
e - LED “>0<”; f - programmable input;
If written, only a, b, bits are important (others are ignored) these bits
allows user to control the relays via RS-485 interface
06h2
Yes
0h ÷ 1800h
State of current output, expressed in 1/256 mA units – it means that
high byte express integer part, and low byte fractional part of desired
output current.
07h1
08h1
No
-99999 ÷
999999
Peak (drop) value (no decimal point)
09h1
0Ah1
No
-99999 ÷
999999
Gross measurement value (no decimal point)
0Bh1
0Ch1
Yes
-99999 ÷
999999
Nett measurement value (no decimal point). Writing a „0” value
causes the execution of the tare function.
Parameters of measurement input calibration
37
User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
Register
Write
Range
10h
Yes
0 ÷ 11
“rESOL” parameter in “CALibr” menu (displaying resolution):
0 - ”0.01”; 1 - ”0.02”; 2 - ”0.05”; 3 - ”0.1”; 4 - ”0.2”;
5 - ”0.5”; 6 - ”1”; 7 - ”2”; 8 - ”5”; 9 - ”10”; 10 - ”20”; 11 - ”50”.
11h
No
0÷2
Decimal point position set by “rESOL” parameter in “CALibr” menu:
0 - ” 0”; 1 - ” 0.0”; 2 - ” 0.00”.
12h
Yes
0÷1
“rAnGE” parameter in “CALibr” (measurement range):
0 - ”2 mV/V”; 1 - ”4 mV/V”.
13h
Yes
0÷1
“C tYPE” parameter in “CALibr” menu (calibration type):
0 – theoretical calibration; 1 – real load calibration
14h
15h
Yes
0 ÷ 999999
“r LoAd” parameter in “CALibr” menu, expressed in kg, 0.1kg or
0.01 kg (depending on “rESOL” parameter in “CALibr” menu)
16h
Yes
0 ÷ 19999
“r out” parameter in “CALibr” menu (for 2 mV/V range) expressed in
0.0001 mV/V
17h
Yes
0 ÷ 39999
“r out” parameter in “CALibr” menu (for 4 mV/V range) expressed in
0.0001 mV/V
18h
Yes
0÷5
19h
Yes
0
“S ZEro” function in “CALibr” menu. After writing „0” value current
measurement value is stored as „zero”
1Ah
1Bh
Yes
0 ÷ 99999
“Z oFFS” parameter in “CALibr” menu, expressed in kg, 0.1kg or
0.01 kg (depending on “rESOL” parameter in “CALibr” menu)
20h3
Yes
0 ÷ 199
Device address
21h
No
20E6h
Device identification code (ID)
22h4
Yes
0÷7
“bAud” parameter in “rS-485” menu (baud rate);
0 - 1200 baud; 1 - 2400 baud; 2 - 4800 baud; 3 - 9600 baud;
4 - 19200 baud; 5 - 38400 baud; 6 - 57600 baud; 7 - 115200 baud
23h5
Yes
0÷1
“mbAccE” parameter in “rS-485” menu (permission to write
registers via RS-485 interface); 0 - write denied ; 1 - write allowed
25h
Yes
0÷5
“rESP” parameter in “rS-485” menu (additional response delay);
0 - no additional delay; 1 - ”10c” option; 2 - ”20c” option;
3 - ”50c” option; 4 - ”100c” option; 5 - ”200c” option;
27h
Yes
0 ÷ 99
“mbtimE” parameter in “rS-485” menu (maximum delay between
received frames); 0 - no delay checking;
1 ÷ 99 - maximum delay expressed in seconds
28h
Yes
0÷1
“AL” parameter in “bEEP” menu: 0 - off; 1 - on
29h
Yes
0÷1
“r1” parameter in “bEEP” menu: 0 - off; 1 - on
2Ah
Yes
0÷1
“r2” parameter in “bEEP” menu: 0 - off; 1 - on
2Dh
Yes
1÷8
“briGHt” parameter (display brightness);
1 - the lowest brightness; 8 - the highest brightness
38
Register description
“FiLtEr” parameter in “CALibr” menu:
0 – the shortest measurement period;
5 – the longest measurement period;
User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
Register
Write
Range
2Fh
Yes
0÷1
Register description
“Edit” parameter (numerical parameters edit mode);
0 - „dig” mode; 1 - „SLid” mode
Parameters of relay R1 operation
30h
31h
Yes
Yes
-99999 ÷
999999
“SEt P” parameter in “rELAy1” menu, no decimal point included
32h
33h
Yes
Yes
0 ÷ 99999
“HySt” parameter in “rELAy1” menu, no decimal point included
34h
Yes
0÷5
35h
Yes
0 ÷ 999
“t on” parameter in “rELAy1” menu, expressed in tenth of seconds
or tenth of minutes depend on “unit” parameter
36h
Yes
0 ÷ 999
“t oFF” parameter in “rELAy1” menu, expressed in tenth of seconds
or tenth of minutes depend on “unit” parameter
37h
Yes
0÷1
“unit” parameter in “rELAy1” menu:
0 - seconds; 1 - minutes
38h
Yes
0÷2
“ALArmS” parameter in “rELAy1” menu:
0 - no changes; 1 - on; 2 - off
39h
3Ah
Yes
Yes
-99999 ÷
999999
“SEt P2” parameter in “rELAy1” menu, no decimal point included
3Bh
Yes
0÷1
“SourCE” parameter in “rELAy1” menu (kind of value controlled
relay): 0 - “GroSS”; 1 - “nEtt”
“modE” parameter in “rELAy1” menu:
0 - “noACt” mode; 1 - “on” mode; 2 - “oFF” mode; 3 - “in” mode;
4 - “out” mode; 5 - “modbuS” mode
Parameters of relay R2 operation
40h
41h
Yes
Yes
-99999 ÷
999999
“SEt P” parameter in “rELAy2” menu, no decimal point included
42h
43h
Yes
Yes
0 ÷ 99999
“HySt” parameter in “rELAy2” menu, no decimal point included
44h
Tak
0÷5
45h
Yes
0 ÷ 999
“t on” parameter in “rELAy2” menu, expressed in tenth of seconds
or tenth of minutes depend on “unit” parameter
46h
Yes
0 ÷ 999
“t oFF” parameter in “rELAy2” menu, expressed in tenth of seconds
or tenth of minutes depend on “unit” parameter
47h
Yes
0÷1
“unit” parameter in “rELAy2” menu:
0 - seconds; 1 - minutes
48h
Yes
0÷2
“ALArmS” parameter in “rELAy2” menu:
0 - no changes; 1 - on; 2 - off
49h
4Ah
Yes
Yes
-99999 ÷
999999
“SEt P2” parameter in “rELAy2” menu, no decimal point included
4Bh
Yes
0÷1
“SourCE” parameter in “rELAy1” menu (kind of value controlled
relay): 0 - “GroSS”; 1 - “nEtt”
“modE” parameter in “rELAy2” menu:
0 - “noACt” mode; 1 - “on” mode; 2 - “oFF” mode; 3 - “in” mode;
4 - “out” mode; 5 - “modbuS” mode
39
User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
Register
Write
Range
Register description
Configuration of peaks detection function
“modE” parameter in “HOLd” menu (type of detected changes):
0 - peaks; 1 - drops
70h
Yes
0÷1
71h
72h
Yes
0 ÷ 999999
73h
Yes
0 ÷ 199
74h
Yes
0÷1
“H diSP” parameter in “HOLd” menu (the type of values displayed on
the display):
0 - current measurement value; 1 - peaks (or drops) values
75h
Yes
0÷1
“H rEL1” parameter in “HOLd” menu (the control mode of relay R1
and LED R1) :
0 - control depends on current measurement values;
1 - control depends on peaks (or drops) values;
76h
Yes
0÷1
“H rEL2” parameter in “HOLd” menu (the control mode of relay R2
and LED R2) :
0 - control depends on current measurement values;
1 - control depends on peaks (or drops) values;
0÷1
“H OUtP” parameter in “HOLd” menu (the control mode of current
output):
0 - control depends on current measurement values;
1 - control depends on peaks (or drops) values;
79h
Yes
“PEA” parameter in “HOLd” menu (minimum detectable change, no
decimal point included)
“timE” parameter in “HOLd” menu, maximum peaks' (or drops')
display time expressed in seconds
Functions of buttons and programmable input
80h
Yes
0÷1
“b ZEro” parameter in “button” menu (function of zeroing button):
0 - disabled; 1 - enabled
81h
Yes
0÷1
“b tArE” parameter in “button” menu (function of tare button): 0 disabled; 1 - enabled
81h
Yes
0÷1
“b nEtt” parameter in “button” menu (function of gross/nett
button): 0 - disabled; 1 - enabled
84h
Yes
0÷2
“Pr inP” parameter (function of programmable input):
0 - input disabled; 1 - zeroing function; 2 - tare function
Parameters of current output operation
40
“OUtmod” parameter in “OUtPUt” menu (current output mode)
0 - current output disabled; 1 - current output enabled with 4÷20mA
mode; 2 - current output enabled with 0÷20mA mode;
3 - current output controlled via RS-485 interface
A0h2
Yes
0÷2
A1h2
A2h2
Yes
-99999 ÷
999999
“OUt LO” parameter in “OUtPUt” menu, no decimal point included
A3h2
A4h2
Yes
-99999 ÷
999999
“OUt HI” parameter in “OUtPUt” menu, no decimal point included
A5h2
Yes
0 ÷ 499
“Lo r” parameter in “OUtPUt” menu, expressed in 0,1%
A6h
Yes
0 ÷ 99
“Hi r” parameter in “OUtPUt” menu, expressed in 0,1%
2
User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
1
2
3
4
5
Register
Write
Range
Register description
A7h2
Yes
0÷3
“AL” parameter in “OUtPUt” menu (current output value on critical
exception): 0 - no change; 1 - 22,1 mA; 2 - 3,4 mA; 3 - 0 mA
A8h2
Yes
0÷1
“SourCE” parameter in “OUtPUt” menu (kind of value controlled
active current output): 0 - “GroSS”; 1 - “nEtt”
- it is recommended to read these registers simultaneously – in 2-registers frames. If single registers are read, data
errors are possible because of changes of read value between successive registers readings.
- these registers are active only if device is equipped with active current output
- after writing to register no 20h the device responds witch an “old” address in the message.
- after writing to register no 22h the device responds with the new baud rate.
- the value of the “mbAccE” parameter is also connected to write to this register, so it is possible to block a writes,
but impossible to unblock writes via RS-485 interface, The unblocking of the writes is possible from menu level only.
10.2. TRANSMISSION ERRORS DESCRIPTION
If an error occurs while write or read of single register, then the device sends an error
code (according to Modbus RTU specifications).
Error codes:
01h - illegal function (only functions 03h, 06h and 10h are available),
02h - illegal register address
03h - illegal data value
08h - no write permission ( see: “mbAccE” parameter)
While reading of displayed value (registers 01h ÷ 04h) using function 03h (read single register)
other error codes can occur. Meaning of such codes is given in chapter SIGNALISATION OF
ERRORS in details.
10.3. EXAMPLES OF QUERY/ANSWER FRAMES
Examples apply for device with address 1. All values are represent hexadecimal.
Field description:
ADDR
Device address on modbus network
FUNC
Function code
REG H,L
Starting address (address of first register to read/write, Hi and Lo byte)
COUNT H,L
No. of registers to read/write (Hi and Lo byte)
BYTE C
Data byte count in answer frame
DATA H,L
Data byte (Hi and Lo byte)
CRC L,H
CRC error check (Hi and Lo byte)
1. Read of the displayed value (measurement) and status, the device address = 01h:
ADDR
FUNC
01
03
REG H,L
00
01
COUNT H,L
00
03
CRC L,H
54
0B
41
User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
a) The answer (we assume that the measure result is not out of range):
ADDR
FUNC
BYTE C
01
03
06
DATA H1,L1
00
DATA H2, L2
01
86
DATA H3.L3
A0
00
00
CRC L,H
2A
B4
DATA H1, L1 - reg. 01h (1 - high word of measurement value)
DATA H2, L2 - reg. 02h (86A0h - low word of measurement value ),
DATA H3, L3 - reg. 03h (0 - measurement status).
In this example measurement value is equal 186A0h (100 000 in decimal format).
i
Decimal point position is not included in measurement value (reg. 01h and 02h).
Decimal point position can be read from reg. 04h.
b) The answer (if an error occur):
ADDR FUNC
01
ERROR
83
CRC L,H
40
40
C0
ERROR - error code = 40h, bottom border of the measurement range is exceeded
2. Read of device ID code
ADDR
FUNC
01
03
The answer:
ADDR
FUNC
01
03
REG H,L
00
COUNT H,L
21
BYTE C
00
DATA H,L
02
20
CRC L,H
01
D4
00
CRC L,H
E6
20
0E
DATA - identification code (20E6h)
3. Change of the device address from 1 to 2 (write to reg. 20h)
ADDR
FUNC
01
06
REG H,L
00
20
DATA H,L
00
02
CRC L,H
09
C1
DATA H - 0
DATA L - new device address (2)
The answer (the same as the message):
ADDR FUNC
REG H,L
DATA H,L
01
42
06
00
20
00
02
CRC L,H
09
C1
User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
4. Change of baud rate of all devices connected to the net (BROADCAST message).
ADDR
FUNC
00
06
REG H,L
00
COUNT H,L
22
00
04
CRC L,H
29
D2
DATA H - 0
DATA L - 4, new baud rate 19200 baud
i
Device do not reply to BROADCAST-type messages.
5. Try to write improper data to register (register 04h):
ADDR
FUNC
01
06
DATA H, L
REG H,L
00
DATA H,L
04
00
10
CRC L,H
C9
C7
written value (10h = 16) out of allowable range (0 ÷ 2)
Device response ( with exception code 03h):
ADDR
FUNC
ERR
01
86
03
i
CRC L,H
09
C1
There is no full implementation of the Modbus Protocol in the device. The
functions presented above are available only.
43
User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
11. DEFAULT AND USER'S SETTINGS LIST
Parameter
Description
Default value
User's value
Desc.
page
Parameters of relay R1 operation (“rELAy1” menu)
SourCE
Kind of value controlled relay state
GroSS
24
SEt P
Relay first threshold
20.0
24
SEt P2
Relay second threshold
30.0
25
HYSt
Hysteresis of relay
0.0
25
modE
Operation mode of relay
„in”
25
t on
Turn on delay of relay
0.0 (sec.)
26
t oFF
Turn off delay of relay
0.0 (sec.)
26
unit
Unit of “t on”, “toFF” parameters of relay
„SEC”
26
ALArmS
Reaction for critical situation of relay
„oFF”
26
Parameters of relay R2 operation (“rELAy2” menu)
SourCE
Kind of value controlled relay state
GroSS
24
SEt P
Relay first threshold
150.0
24
SEt P2
Relay second threshold
300.0
25
HYSt
Hysteresis of relay
0.0
25
modE
Operation mode of relay
„in”
25
t on
Turn on delay of relay
0.0 (sec.)
26
t oFF
Turn off delay of relay
0.0 (sec.)
26
unit
Unit of “t on”, “toFF” parameters of relay
„SEC”
26
ALArmS
Reaction for critical situation of relay
„oFF”
26
Activation of acoustic signal (“bEEPEr” menu)
AL
Activation of acoustic signal by critical situation
oFF
27
r1
Activation of acoustic signal by relay R1
oFF
27
r2
Activation of acoustic signal by relay R2
oFF
27
rESOL
Displaying resolution
0.1
27
rAnGE
Measurement range
4 mV/V
27
C tYPE
Calibration type
dAtA
27
r LoAd
Rated Load parameter
100.0
27
r out
Rated Output parameter
2.0000
27
LoAd
Load value of dead weight calibration
100.0
28
Z oFFS
Zero Offset parameter
0.0
28
Calibration of measurement input (”CALibr” menu)
44
User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
Parameter
FiLtEr
Description
Default value
Measurements filtration rate
User's value
4
Desc.
page
28
Active current output configuration (“OUtPUt” menu)
OUtmod
Current output mode
„4-20” (mA)
29
SourCE
Kind of value controlled active current output
GroSS
29
OUt LO
Display value for 0 mA or 4 mA (depend „Omod”)
current output
OUt HI
Display value for 20 mA current output
Lo r
Extension of the bottom of the nominal output
range
5.0
Hi r
Extension of the top of the nominal output range
5.0
29
AL
Current output value on critical exception
22.1 (mA)
30
0.0
200.0
29
29
29
Front panel buttons configuration (“button” menu)
b ZEro
Zeroing button
oFF
30
b tArE
Tare button
oFF
30
b nEtt
Gross/nett display mode switching button
oFF
30
Configuration of programmable input
Pr inP
Function of programmable input
diSAbL
30
Configuration of peaks detection function (“HOLd” menu)
modE
Kind of detected changes
„norm ”
31
PEA
Minimum detected change
0.0
31
timE
Maximum time of peak displaying
0.0 (sec.)
31
H diSP
The type of displayed value
„rEAL”
31
H rEL1
Source of relay R1, and LED R1 control
„rEAL”
31
H rEL2
Source of relay R2, and LED R2 control
„rEAL”
31
H OUtP
Source of current output control
„rEAL”
31
bri 6
31
Display parameters
briGHt
Display brightness
Settings of access to the configuration parameters (“SECUr” menu)
Acc r1
Permission to changes of relay R1 threshold
without of the user password knowledge
on
Acc r2
Permission to changes of relay R2 threshold
without of the user password knowledge
on
Addr
Device address
bAud
Baud rate
32
32
RS 485 interface configuration (menu “rS-485”)
0
32
9600 (b./sec.)
32
45
User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
Parameter
Description
mbAccE
Permission to changes of configuration registers
mbtimE
Maximum delay between received messages
rESP
Additional delay of answer transmission
Edit t
Numerical parameters edit mode
Default value
User's value
Desc.
page
„on”
32
0
32
„Std”
32
Configuration of numerical parameters edition
46
dig
33
User manual - WEIGHT METER SWI-94
47
SIMEX Sp. z o.o.
ul. Wielopole 7
80-556 Gdańsk
Poland
tel.: (+48 58) 762-07-77
fax: (+48 58) 762-07-70
http://www.simex.pl
e-mail: [email protected]
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