Manual - Ibramed
Instruction Manual
Thermopulse
Shortwave Diathermy
Manufactured by
Ibramed - Indústria Brasileira de Equipamentos Médicos EIRELI
Made in Brazil
ANVISA nº 10360310014
7ª Edition (Rev. 06/12)
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SYMBOL DEFINITIONS.................................................3
CARTON............................................................4
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS........................................44
ABREVIATIONS GLOSSARY............................................5
PROGRAMMING EQUIPMENT........................................47
FIGURES DEFINITIONS................................................6
USING THE PROG/MENU BUTTON.................................49
FOREWORD................................................................7
PREPARING THE PATIENT FOR THERAPY........................50
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION..............................................7
REFERENCES............................................................57
ESSENTIAL PERFORMANCE ..................................7
TROUBLESHOOTING..................................................59
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS.................................................8
MAINTENANCE, WARRANTY AND TECHNICAL SUPPORT...59
INFORMATION
ACCESSORIES ACCOMPANYING THERMOPULSE.............62
ABOUT
SHORTWAVE
DIATHERMY
CEFAI – IBRAMED Center for Education and
THERMOPULSE..........................................................15
Advanced Training................................................63
POPULATION AND CONDITIONS OF USE.......................22
GENERAL EQUIPMENT CARE........................................23
SHIPPING DAMAGE...........................................23
INSTALLATION, CARE AND CLEANING..................23
ELECTRICAL FEED.....................................................25
ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY GUIDANCE.............26
ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY.............................27
SPECIFICATIONS.......................................................34
SYSTEM SPECIFICATIONS..................................34
NOMENCLATURE........................................................36
Installing the applicators ..........................43
CONTROLS, INDICATORS AND CONNECTIONS.......36
SYMBOL DEFINITIONS...............................................39
ACCESSORIES USED..................................................42
2
SYMBOL DEFINITIONS
BELOW ARE THE DEFINITIONS OF THE SYMBOLS USED ON THE EQUIPMENT AND THROUGHOUT THE INSTRUCTIONS
FOUND IN THIS MANUAL. UNDERSTAND THESE SYMBOLS AND THEIR DEFINITIONS BEFORE OPERATING THIS
EQUIPMENT.
Caution! Refer to user manual.
Class I
Sensitivity Against Electrostatic Discharge.
CLASS I Electrical Equipment .
Off Switch.
Not protected against the harmful
On Swith.
effects of water penetration.
Non-ionizing Electromagnetic Radiation.
Voltage in AC (Alternating Current).
TYPE BF Electrical Equipment.
Electrical
Network
(Alternating Current).
Dangerous Voltage.
3
in
AC
SYMBOL DEFINITIONS
CARTON
Refer to operating
correct product use.
instructions
Fragile.
Manufacturer’s name and address.
This side up.
Limits of temperature for storage and
packaging in °C (Celsius Degrees).
Keep away from the rain.
Do not stake.
Do not use if the packaging is
damaged.
4
for
ABREVIATIONS GLOSSARY
DOC
Shortwave Diathermy
DOCP
Pulsed Shortwave Diathermy
DOCA
Automatic Pulsed Shortwave Diathermy
CAP
Capacitive
IND
Inductive
SNT
Tuning
SB
Stand By
mm
Millimeter
cm
Centimeter
V~
Alternating Voltage
Hz
Hertz (pulses per second)
kHz
Kilohertz
MHz
Megahertz
min
Minute
W
Watts
°C
Celsius Degree
V
Volt
VA
Volt Ampere
µA
Microampere
EMC
Electromagnetic Compatibility
RF
Radiofrequency
5
FIGURES DEFINITIONS
Figure 1. Upper Access Panel of THERMOPULSE.........34
Figure 16. Suggested placement: Electrodes in crossfire
Figure 2. Front Access Panel of THERMOPULSE..........34
being A, half of the treatment is made with the electrodes
Figure 3. Lateral Access Panel of THERMOPULSE........35
in the transverse position and B, the second half of the
Figure 4. Rear Access Panel of THERMOPULSE...........35
electrodes are repositioned at right angles...................51
Figure 5. Capacitive electrodes..................................40
Figure 17. Suggested placement with inductive electrode..
Figure 6. A, Inductive electrode without clamping band
..............................................................................52
and B, inductive electrode with clamp band..................40
Figure 18. Suggested placement with inductive electrode..
Figure 7. Installing the capacitive electrodes...............41
..............................................................................52
Figure 8. Installing the capacitive electrodes...............41
Figure 19. Suggested placement with inductive electrode..
Figure 9. Figures A, B and C show the message display
..............................................................................53
screen and default THERMOPULSE............................42
Figure 10. LCD displays the selected language.............47
Figure 11. Example: User 1 Protocol..........................47
Figure 12. Suggested placement: capacitive electrodes,
parallel implementation.............................................49
Figure 13. Suggested placement: capacitive electrodes,
parallel implementation.............................................49
Figure 14. Suggested placement: capacitive electrodes,
transverse implementation.........................................50
Figure 15. Suggested placement: capacitive electrodes,
longitudinal application..............................................50
6
FOREWORD
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
This user manual allows the user to efficiently use the
ESSENTIAL PERFORMANCE
THERMOPULSE. Users must read, understand and follow
the information in this manual for each mode of treatment
available, as well as the indications, contraindications,
warnings and precautions.
The specifications and instructions in this manual are in
effect at the time of its publication. These instructions
may be updated at any time at the manufacturer’s
discretion. Visit our website for updates.
The THERMOPULSE electro medical equipment is a shortwave
diathermy that generates radio frequency energy (high
frequency 27.12 MHz) in the form of electromagnetic radiation
intended for treatment of several pathologies. The interest in
the use of high frequency radio frequency (shortwave) for
therapeutic purposes dates back from 1892 when d’Arsonval
(physician-physiologist) observed that frequencies of 10
kHz or more had the ability to produce heat in the tissues
without causing painful muscle contractions or other harmful
consequences that can occur at lower frequencies. This type of
heat treatment has become popular because high frequency
currents can penetrate more deeply into the tissues, with
higher advantage when compared with other methods to heat
the tissues superficially.
The equipment is to be used only under the prescription and
supervision of a licensed professional.
7
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
PRECAUTIONARY DEFINITIONS
The precautionary instructions found in this section and
throughout this manual are indicated by specific symbols. Understand these symbols and their definitions
before operating this equipment prior to therapy session.
• Read, understand, and practice the precautionary
operating instructions. Know the limitations and hazards
associated with using any shortwave diathermy device.
Observe the precautionary and operational decals placed
on the unit.
• DO NOT operate the THERMOPULSE in conjunction with
any other devices.
• DO NOT operate the THERMOPULSE in an environment
where other devices are being used that intentionally
radiate electromagnetic energy in an unshielded manner.
• Portable and mobile RF communications equipment can
affect medical electrical equipment.
• THERMOPULSE should be routinely checked before
each use to determine that all controls function normally,
especially that the output control does properly adjust the
intensity of the shortwave diathermy power output in a
stable manner. Also, determine that the treatment time
control does actually terminate shortwave diathermy
Text with a “CAUTION” indicator refers to potential safety
infractions that could cause minor to moderate injury or
damage to equipment.
Text with a “WARNING” indicator refers to potential
safety infractions that could cause serious injury and
equipment damage.
power output when the timer reaches zero.
Text with a “DANGER” indicator refers to potential safety
infractions that represent immediately life threatening
situations that would result in death or serious injury.
8
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
• This unit should be transported and stored in temperatures
between 5°C e 50°C (41°F e 122°F) to prevent damage to
the unit or its components.
• Handle shortwave diathermy accessories with care.
Inappropriate handling of the accessories may adversely
affect their technical characteristics.
• Conductive material such as metal fittings must be removed
from the immediate area of treatment. It is advisable to
use the couch and wooden furniture (no metal parts).
• The electrode cable must always be separated from one
another and should not touch the patient.
• The patient under treatment should not touch the equipment
cabinet or metal objects such as windows, etc. Before
starting treatment, make sure that the patient does this by
removing bracelets, rings, watches, buckles or any metallic
jewelry, including cell phone.
• Inspect cables, electrodes, associated connectors, and
accessories before each use.
• External conductive material should be removed from the
immediate treatment area.
• Do not use accessories other than those supplied with the
unit, or recommended by IBRAMED. The safety of other
products has not been established, and their use could result
in injury to the patient and degrade minimum safety.
• Disconnect the power supply cord before removing covers
on this equipment. Refer the servicing of this unit to
qualified service personnel.
• Electromedical equipment needs special precautions
regarding EMC and needs to be installed and put into
service according to the EMC information provided in this
manual.
• This unit generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with
the instructions, may cause harmful interference to other
devices in the vicinity. However, there is no guarantee
that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
Harmful interference to other devices can be determined
by turning this equipment on and off. Try to correct the
interference using one or more of the following: reorient
or relocate the receiving device, increase the distance of
separation between the equipment, connect the equipment
to an outlet on a different circuit from that to which the
other device(s) are connected, and consult the factory field
service technician for help.
9
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
• Before treatment, it is necessary to know the operational
procedures for the treatments available, as well as the
indications, contraindications, warnings and precautions.
• Since relatively high powers are used, there is the possibility
of producing shock, localized burns, and cataracts if the
patient is unaware of the heat due to reduced thermal
sensation, or if the patient does not know what to expect
during treatment.
• Improper installation, operation or maintenance of the
shortwave diathermy system may result in malfunctions of
this unit or other devices.
• In case of display failure or other obvious defects, switch
• To determine the distance of separation for all equipment
operating near the THERMOPULSE, consult the EMC tables
applicable to the other equipment.
• This equipment is to be used by, and sold to, a trained
clinician only under the prescription and supervision of a
licensed professional (see in RESPONSIBILITY FOR USE
ELECTROMEDICAL EQUIPMENT).
the unit off immediately by means of the power switch,
disconnect the power cord from the power outlet, and
notify a certified service technician.
• Be aware that some synthetics and plastics, though
assumed to be non-conductive, may be heated by shortwave
diathermy.
10
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
• Adjustments or replacement of components may result
in the equipment failing to meet the requirements for
interference suppression.
• If the unit cannot be installed immediately after delivery,
the unit and its external components or accessory elements
must be stored in their original packaging in a dry place.
• Do not store or operate the unit in a dusty environment.
• Do not cross cables.
• Keep all electrodes, accessories, and their cords separated
during treatment. Electrodes or their cords in contact
with each other during treatment could result in improper
•
•
•
•
• Use only accessories that are specially designed for this
unit. Do not use accessories manufactured by other
companies on this unit. IBRAMED is not responsible for any
consequence resulting from using products manufactured
by other companies.
• The use of other accessories or cables (other than those
specified) may result in increased emissions or decreased
immunity of this unit.
stimulation, skin burns, or damage to the cord or
electrode.
Do not lean on or hold the cables during treatment.
This unit should not be stacked with other equipment
used.
Keep all line cords away from the diathermy unit cables.
Do not store or coil line cords where they can come close
to the cables on an operating shortwave diathermy unit.
This equipment is not designed to prevent the penetration
of water or liquids. Penetration of water or liquids could
cause malfunction of internal components of the system
and therefore create a risk of injury to the patient.
11
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
• Do not administer shortwave diathermy to a patient who
has had an implant in the past unless you are absolutely
certain that the implant and all leads in their entirety have
been removed. Note that the leads are often left implanted
after the implant is removed.
• This unit generates non-ionizing radiation. Patients with
implanted electronic devices, such as cardiac pacemakers
and defibrillators, cochlear implants, bone growth
stimulators, deep brain stimulators, spinal cord stimulators,
and other nerve stimulators, must not be treated, even if
the device has been turned off.
• The function of certain implanted devices (e.g., pacemakers)
may be adversely affected during treatment with shortwave
diathermy. In case of doubt, the advice of a licensed
professional in charge of the patient should be sought.
• Shortwave diathermy should not be used on patients who
have any implanted metallic lead or any implanted system
that may contain a lead.
• Other equipment, including patient connected devices, may
be adversely affected when in close proximity to shortwave
diathermy equipment.
• Patients should not be treated with shortwave diathermy
when they have reduced thermal sensitivity over the
proposed area of treatment, unless the professional in
charge of the patient is notified.
• Treatment should not be given through clothing, although
it is permissible to administer treatment through a dressing
or plaster in pulsed modes.
• Remove hearing aids prior to treatment.
• Treatment must never be given with the patient on metal
framed couches, chairs, or beds. Do not use conductive
mattresses or mattress covers.
• Before increasing the output in response to a report of
inadequate patient heating, verify that the cables are
properly routed, spaced correctly, and away from metal
or grounded objects. The heating effect may be poorly
distributed and heating may be occurring in an unwanted
area.
12
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
• Before each use, check the condition of the housing and
the insulation of the electrodes, electrode connection cable,
and the power supply cable. Also make sure that the cables
have been routed correctly.
• If the unit is not safe for operation, then it must be repaired
by certified service personnel and the operators must be
informed of the dangers posed by the unit.
• In order to prevent electrical shock, unplug the power plug
from the socket before cleaning or disinfecting the unit.
• Under no circumstances may liquid penetrate the openings
on the unit, e.g. the connecting sockets of the electrode
cables. Therefore, do not use cleaning or disinfectant
sprays.
• The unit, electrodes, and cables may not be sterilized using
steam or gas.
• Never clean the unit with abrasives, disinfectants or solvents
that could scratch the cabinet or damage the unit.
• Internal burns can occur with the incorrect application of
shortwave diathermy due to excessive intensity.
• Internal burns can occur with the incorrect application of
shortwave diathermy due to excessive exposure time.
• Do not perform unauthorized repairs under any
circumstances.
• There is explosion hazard if THERMOPULSE is used in the
presence of anesthetics flammable when mixed with air,
oxygen, or nitrous oxide.
• The operator should not use diathermy over the heart in
order to prevent potential cardiac signal interference.
• Never, under any circumstances, attempt to hold any of
the electrodes in your hands during therapy.
• The unit must be installed so that there is no danger to
the patient, the operator or other persons. Therefore, you
must read the safety instruction and contraindications.
13
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
• Keep all unnecessary persons out of the treatment location.
No other person should be located within 3 meters of the
unit.
• In case of damage from transport that could endanger
personal safety, the unit must not be connected to the
Main Power Supply before inspection is complete.
• Adhere to rules, regulations, and ordinances that may vary
from location to location concerning the appropriate use of
high powered radio frequency fields.
• The effects of high frequency fields on developing embryos
and fetuses have not been sufficiently evaluated, we
recommend pregnant operators to remain at least 15
meters away from the applicator when the unit is turned
on.
• Any persons with pacemakers or implants must remain
outside the treatment area during shortwave diathermy.
No one wearing a cardiac pacemaker should be within 15
meters of an operating unit.
• The unit and the electrodes must be positioned so that
there is no danger of personal injury. Therefore, you must
read and observe the safety instructions and the list of
contraindications before putting the unit into operation.
14
INFORMATION ABOUT SHORTWAVE DIATHERMY THERMOPULSE
MODE - Shortwave Diathermy
THERMOPULSE Shortwave Diathermy is performed by
application of electromagnetic energy through the body
tissues. The apparatus of shortwave diathermy consists of a
sine wave generating circuit which produces a current with a
frequency of 27.12 MHz and a resonant circuit can be tuned
to the exact same frequency. THERMOPULSE produces
electric fields and magnetic fields oscillating currents of high
frequency alternating fields and these are the fields which
produce the physiological effects and therapeutic benefits.
This electromagnetic frequency energy is converted into
thermal energy by inducing currents circulating in the
insulating tissue. The heating effect produced by shortwave
diathermy aids the healing process, generating heat deep
into the tissue, resulting in numerous beneficial effects.
The mode of application of THERMOPULSE may also be
pulsed (shortwave pulsed non-thermal), i.e., it allows shots
to emit electromagnetic energy in pre-programmed intervals
of time, minimizing the thermal effect for the control of pain,
edema and accelerating the healing.
Shortwave Diathermy of Level Thermal
• In SWD mode (Shortwave Diathermy), THERMOPULSE
produces a detectable warming in the deep tissues; this
is called thermal level diathermy. The heat produced is
proportional to the applied energy density and higher
heating occurs in tissues with higher conductivity. The
intensity of power is given in watts (10 to 150 W).
Shortwave Diathermy Level
Non-Thermal (Imperceptible)
• In the PSWD mode (Pulsed Shortwave Diathermy),
THERMOPULSE provides pulsed shortwave diathermy,
through a circuit in which the synchronized mode can be
switched on and off, enabling shots to be emitted with
variable frequency oscillation of 50 to 800 Hz in time
durations 100 to 400 µs with increments of 10 µs.
• In the mode ASWD (Automatic Pulsed Shortwave
Diathermy) THERMOPULSE works always in the maximum
power (150W) but automatically runs a series of scanning
frequencies of 50 Hz to 160 Hz and 160 Hz to 50 Hz in
steps of 10 Hz.
15
INFORMATION ABOUT SHORTWAVE DIATHERMY THERMOPULSE
AUTOMATIC TUNING: Whatever the mode chosen SWD, SWDP or ASWD, THERMOPULSE will tune the
circuit automatically to ensure always the maximum transfer of radiofrequency energy in treatment.
RESPONSIBILITY FOR USE ELECTROMEDICAL EQUIPMENT
The use of electromedical equipment is restricted to a physician or under his command, the physical therapists or health
professionals properly licensed. The professional will be responsible for properly licensed use and operation of the equipment.
IBRAMED makes no representations regarding laws and federal, state or local laws that may apply to the use and operation of
any electromedical equipment.
The physician or under his command, also the physical therapist or other professional health care licensed assumes total and full
commitment to contact the local certifying agencies to determine any credential required by law for clinical use and operation of
this equipment.
The use of electromedical equipment must comply with the local, state and federal country.
16
INDICATIONS, CONTRAINDICATIONS, PRECAUTIONS AND ADVERSE REACTIONS
INDICATIONS
INDICATIONS
Osteoarthritis: Chronic and acute joint disorders (knee, hip,
shoulder, elbow, hand, foot and mandibular joints).
Ischialgia: Pain in ending of nervus ischiadicus, always
radicular, usually caused by damaged intervertebral disc.
Chronic Polyarthritis of the Hip and Shoulder Joints:
Inflammation of more than one joint.
Contracture: Loss of motion in a joint due to the shortening
of soft tissue.
Tendonitis/Tendinosis: Chronic and acute inflammation
or injury to the tendons.
Lumbago: Muscle pain in the lumbar region, lumbar
rheumatism.
Shin Splints: Painful condition of the shins.
Myalgia: Muscle pain.
Bursitis: Bursal synovitis.
Neuralgia/Neuritis: Nerve pain, nerve inflammation.
Distortions, Dislocations, and Contusions: Twisted
joints, overextended joints, sprains, dislocations (luxation),
crushing, or injury due to brute force (contusion).
Frozen Shoulder: Shoulder pain accompanied by limitation
of movement.
Periostitis: Cortical osteitis.
Epicondylitis: Tennis elbow, inflammation of tendon
attachments on cubital or radial part of elbow joint
(humeral).
Fibrositis/Fibromyalgia: Condition
presence of chronic widespread pain.
classified
by
the
Spondylosis / Osteochondrosis: Arthrosis of the vertebral
bodies or degeneration of the intervertebral discs.
Sinusitis: Inflammation of the paranasal passages.
Fractures: Broken bones.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Medical: condition in which
median nerve is compressed at the wrist causing pain and
muscle weakness.
Intercostal Neuralgia: Nerve pain. Acute, painful irritation
starting from the thoracic spine; Possible causes of this are
nerve root compressions and acute blockages in the area
of the kinetic elements or the joint faces of the vertebral
bodies.
Tendovaginitis: Inflammation of tendon and sheath; Painful
grating or chafing of the affected tendon after overstraining
or dull trauma.
17
INDICATIONS, CONTRAINDICATIONS, PRECAUTIONS AND ADVERSE REACTIONS
INDICATIONS
PRECAUTIONS
Cervical syndrome: Post-traumatic neck syndrome;
Refers to afflictions beginning in the cervical spine that
can emanate into the shoulder muscles or arms.
Obese patients: diathermy should be used with caution
in obese patients because it can overly heat up the fat.
Piriformis Syndrome: Neuromuscular disorder when
sciatic nerve is compressed or otherwise irritated by the
piriformis muscle.
Intrauterine contraceptive devices containing
copper: the intrauterine contraceptive (IUDs) containing
copper have a small amount of metal and do not constitute
risk for women for treatment with short-wave.
Morton’s Neuroma: Benign neuroma of the interdigital
plantar nerve.
Plantar Fasciitis: Inflammatory condition of the foot
caused by excessive wear to the plantar facia that supports
the arch.
Rotator Cuff Tear/Repair: Tears of one or more of the
four tendons of the rotator cuff muscles.
Torticollis: Condition in which head is tilted to one side,
chin elevated and turned to opposite side.
Plica Syndrome: Occurs when plica in the knee becomes
irritated or inflamed.
Retropatellar Pain Syndrome: Inflammation of the
patellar tendon in the knee.
18
INDICATIONS, CONTRAINDICATIONS, PRECAUTIONS AND ADVERSE REACTIONS
CONTRAINDICATIONS
CONTRAINDICATIONS
Cardiac pacemakers and implanted stimulators.
• Patients whose condition could be negatively affected by
heat.
• Patients with hemorrhages or risk of hemorrhage.
• Patients with septic conditions and empyemas.
• Patients with malignant tumors and undiagnosed
tumors.
• Implants, areas where implants have been removed,
damaged implants, and metal inclusions.
• Implants that could be impaired by shortwave diathermy
irradiation.
• Swellings that still feel warm.
(diminished
perception
of
• Thermohypesthesia
temperature differences).
• Thermohyperesthesia (very acute thermoesthesia or
temperature sense; exaggerated perception of hot and
cold).
• Acute inflammations.
• Severe arterial obstructions (stage III and IV).
• Gynecological disorders involving acute inflammation.
Any patient with an implanted electronic device such
as a cardiac pacemaker, bladder stimulator, spinal cord
stimulator or electrodes for a myoelectric prosthesis,
or implanted metallic leads, must not be treated with
shortwave diathermy and should not be subjected to
shortwave diathermy. Do not use on patients who have
had an implant in the past unless you are absolutely
certain that the implant and all leads in their entirety have
been removed. Note that leads are often left implanted
after the implant is removed. The effects of the applied
high frequency on the pacemaker could cause ventricular
fibrillation. Any other persons with pacemakers must also
remain outside of the treatment area during shortwave
diathermy. No one wearing a cardiac pacemaker should be
within 10 meters of an operating unit.
19
INDICATIONS, CONTRAINDICATIONS, PRECAUTIONS AND ADVERSE REACTIONS
CONTRAINDICATIONS
CONTRAINDICATIONS
• Wetness, perspiration, or damp bandages.
• Permeating irradiation of the thorax in cases of severe
heart diseases (heart valve diseases, myocardial
insufficiency, myocardium infarct, severe coronary
sclerosis).
• Pregnancy, since irradiation of the abdomen could
cause teratogenous damage due to alterations of blood
circulation and diffusion.
• Over the pregnant or potentially pregnant uterus.
• Therefore, shortwave diathermy should not be applied
over the uterus unless specific assurance can be attained
from the patient that she is not pregnant.
• Sudeck’s syndrome, stage I and II.
• Basedow-Graves’ disease (irradiation could cause serious
states of agitation).
• Varicose veins (irradiation could cause congestive
pain).
• Particular care must be taken if the patient’s clothing is
wet or damp, since the garments may heat up faster and
more intensely than the patient’s body.
• Synthetic fibers (perlon, nylon, etc.) are characterized
by low absorbency, which can cause the skin beneath
such fabrics to quickly become moist. Therefore, it is
recommended that the body areas to be treated be
completely unclothed and the patient’s skin dried,
particularly where perspiration accumulates in folds of
the skin.
•
•
•
•
•
20
•
•
•
This applies especially when a higher dosage is being
applied. There is no danger, however, when applying
shortwave diathermy irradiation to bandaged areas as
long as the bandages are completely dry.
When treating small children, particular care is obviously
required due to the low body weight. Very careful
dosing and constant observation (manual checks of
the skin temperature while the unit is switched off) are
necessary.
Since the effects of high-frequency fields on unborn life
have not yet been sufficiently researched, we recommend
that operators who are pregnant are not within 15 meters
of the applicator when the unit is activated.
The output power must always be set according to the
subjective response of the patient. Therefore, special
care must be taken in case of patients with a diminished
capacity for perception of heat.
It is advisable to post warnings for wearers of pacemakers
in the rooms where high-frequency therapy (e.g.
shortwave diathermy) is applied.
A distance of at least 12 meters (see the Caution on page
6 for more information) must be maintained between the
unit and any low-frequency therapy that is being used.
Cardiac conditions.
Deep vein thrombosis, phlebitis, varices.
Arterial disease, circulatory insufficiency.
INDICATIONS, CONTRAINDICATIONS, PRECAUTIONS AND ADVERSE REACTIONS
CONTRAINDICATIONS
ADVERSE REACTIONS
• Burns: short-wave diathermy may cause burns to soft tissues when used in excessive doses. To avoid burning the
patient’s skin should be kept dry.
• Over eyes.
• Over reproductive organs.
• Over cardiac pacemakers and defibrillators, cochlear
implants, bone growth stimulators, deep brain stimulators,
spinal cord stimulators, and other nerve stimulators.
• Over open lamina (after laminectomy; spina bifida).
• Over superficial endoprosthesis or metal implants.
Directly over the carotid sinuses, cervical stellate
ganglion, or Vagus nerve located in the anterior neck
triangle.
• Direct application over cancerous tumors or lesions due
to its potential to increase blood flow to the area of
malignancy.
• Neoplastic tissues or space occupying lesions.
• Occlusive vascular disease, such as arteriosclerosis
obliterans and thromboangitis obliterans, in which
organic occlusion and ischemia are evident.
• Directly over the epiphysis of growing bones in children
and adolescents because shortwave diathermy therapy
may enhance or inhibit bone growth.
21
POPULATION AND CONDITIONS OF USE
PATIENT POPULATION
• Patients over 12 years old, under this age only by medical
prescription or physiotherapeutic indication;
• Patients over 35 kg, under this weight only by medical
prescription or physiotherapeutic indication;
• There are no restrictions as of nationality;
• Patients with preserved level of conscience and sensitivity.
• There are no admissible deficiencies for the use of the
equipment;
• Regarding the frequency of use, this device is used according
to clinical needs, up to several times a day and is reusable;
• Regarding mobility, this device is considered a portable
device.
CONDITIONS OF USE
• There are no requisites about a maximum level of education
for the intended use.
• Regarding the minimum level of knowledge of the user,
it is necessary that the user knows the electro physical
agents and their therapeutical effects. The user must know
physiology, anatomy, and the basic sciences: chemistry,
physics, and biology. The user is supposed to have studied
or be presently studying physiology and anatomy;
• A maximum level of knowledge is not required from the
user;
• The instructions of use are available in Portuguese, Spanish
and English;
• Regarding the minimum level of experience of the user, it
is necessary that the instructions of use are read carefully
and all the instructions are understood before the use of the
device;
22
GENERAL EQUIPMENT CARE
SHIPPING DAMAGE
INSTALLATION, CARE AND CLEANING
Your THERMOPULSE is shipped complete in one carton.
Upon receipt, inspect carton and unit for visible and
hidden damage. In case of damage, keep all shipping
materials including carton and contact the shipping agent
responsible for the delivery of the unit. All claims relating
to damage during transport should be filed directly with
them. The manufacturer will not be liable for any damage
during shipping, nor allow for adjustments unless proper
formal claim has been filed by the receiver against the
carrier. The carton in which your THERMOPULSE was
received is specially designed to protect the unit during
shipping. Please keep all shipping materials in case you
need to return your unit for servicing.
Installation Instructions
1. Connect the line cord to the back of the
THERMOPULSE.
2. Plug the line cord into a grounded wall outlet (100/240V
- 50/60 Hz).
3. Plug the electrode cables into the electrode cable
connections.
4. Switch on your equipment.
CORRECT EQUIPMENT INSTALLATION
PREVENTS SECURITY RISKS
23
GENERAL EQUIPMENT CARE
THERMOPULSE Care Instructions
Environmental Protection
• Avoid areas subject to vibrations.
• Install the equipment on a firm and level surface, in
open air.
• Do not block ventilation.
• Avoid humid, hot and dusty environments.
• Make sure the area around the network cable is free.
• Do not insert objects into device holes.
The THERMOPULSE is an electronic device and has heavy
metals such as lead. Thus, there are risks of contamination
to the environment associated with the disposal of this
equipment and its accessories at the end of their useful
lives. The THERMOPULSE, parts and accessories must
be disposed of as waste. Contact your local distributor for
information on rules and laws regarding the disposal of
waste electrical, electronic equipment and accessories.
Cleaning the THERMOPULSE
• Disconnect the system from the power source, wipe with
a clean, lint free cloth moistened with water and mild
antibacterial soap.
• If a more sterile cleaning is needed, use a cloth moistened
with an antimicrobial cleaner.
• Do not place the system in liquids.
THE DEVICE AND ITS CONSUMABLE PARTS
MUST BE DISPOSED OF, AT END OF LIFE,
ACCORDING TO THE APPLICABLE FEDERAL
AND/OR STATE AND /OR LOCAL REGULATIONS.
24
ELECTRICAL FEED
THERMOPULSE is monophasic equipment, and it may
be connected to mains voltage in the range of 100 to 240
volts 50/60 Hz. Just connect the equipment to the power
supply line and it will perform the of selection mains voltage
automatically. The connecting cable to the power line is
detachable. The equipment uses a mains plug as a resource
to electrically separate its circuits in relation to the mains
power in all the poles.
Before turning on THERMOPULSE, make sure:
•
The tension and frequency of the local mains voltage
is equal to the one described on the label of power line
and tension characteristics located in the rear part of the
equipment.
•
To prevent electrical shock, do not use the plug in the
equipment as an extension cable, or other types of plugs
except the terminals fit completely in the receptacle.
•
Cleansing and disinfection must be performed with the
power plug disconnected from the mains voltage.
•
Maintenance and technical assistance of THERMOPULSE
must always be performed at an authorized technical service
only by qualified technicians.
NOTES
In the rear part of THERMOPULSE there is a protection fuse. To
replace it, turn the equipment off of the mains voltage line and
with a screwdriver, remove the protection lid, disconnect the fuse
and perform the replacement, then replace the protection lid.
Always use the fuses indicated by Ibramed. Use the fuse
for the nominal current of 5.0A, operation tension 250V~
and snap action model 20AG (rupture current of 50A).
THERMOPULSE does not need any type of current stabilizer.
Never use power stabilizers.
25
ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY GUIDANCE
• This unit is not designed to be used where there is explosion hazard, such as anesthesia departments or in the presence of an
anesthetic flammable when mixed with air, oxygen or nitrous oxide.
• Using cables, electrodes and other accessories from other manufacturers and/or different from those specified in this manual
as well as the replacement of internal components THERMOPULSE may result in increased emissions or decreased immunity
of the equipment.
• THERMOPULSE equipment is intended for use only by healthcare professionals. The THERMOPULSE may cause radio interference or disrupt equipment operations nearby. It may be necessary to adopt mitigation procedures, such as reorienting or
relocating the equipment or shielding of the site.
• Portable and Mobile Radio Frequency (RF) communications equipment can affect Medical Electrical Devices.
26
ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY
Guidance and Manufacturer’s Declaration - Electromagnetic Emissions
The THERMOPULSE is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified below. The customer or the
user of the THERMOPULSE should ensure that it is used in such an environment.
Emission Test
Compliance
RF Emissions
CISPR 11
Group 1
RF Emissions
CISPR 11
Class B
Harmonic
Emissions
IEC 61000-3-2
Applicable
Voltage fluctuations/
flicker emissions
IEC 61000-3-3
Applicable
Electromagnetic environment - guidance
The THERMOPULSE must emit electromagnetic energy
in order to perform it’s intend function. Nearby electronic
equipment may be affected.
The THERMOPULSE is suitable for use in all
establishments other than domestic those directly
connected to the public low-voltage power supply network
that supplies buildings used for domestic purposes.
27
ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY
Guidance and Manufacturer’s Declaration - Electromagnetic Immunity
The THERMOPULSE is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified below. The customer or the
user of the THERMOPULSE should assure that it is used in such an environment.
IEC 60601
Test Level
Immunity Test
Electrostatic
discharge (ESD)
IEC 61000-4-2
Electrical fast
transitories/burst
IEC 61000-4-4
Surge
IEC 61000-4-5
Compliance Level
+6
-
kV by contact
+ 8 kV by air
-
+6
-
+2
-
kV for power
supply lines
+ 1 kV for input/
output lines
+2
-
+1
-
+1
-
kV differential
mode
+ 2 kV common
mode
kV by contact
+ 8 kV by air
-
kV for power
supply lines
+ 1 kV for input/
output lines
kV differential
mode
+ 2 kV common
mode
28
Electromagnetic Environment - Guidance
Floors should be wood, concrete or ceramic tile.
If floors are covered with synthetic material, the
relative humidity should be at least 30%.
Mains power quality should be that of a typical
commercial or hospital environment.
Mains power quality should be that of a typical
commercial or hospital environment.
ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY
Guidance and Manufacturer’s Declaration - Electromagnetic Immunity
The THERMOPULSE is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified below. The customer or the
user of the THERMOPULSE should assure that it is used in such an environment.
Immunity Test
Voltage dips,
short interruptions
and voltage
variations in
power input lines
IEC 61000-4-11
Power frequency
(50/60 Hz)
magnetic field
IEC 60601
Test Level
Compliance Level
< 5% UT
(> 95% voltage drops
in UT ) 0.5 by cycle
< 5% UT
(> 95% voltage drops
in UT ) by 0,5 ciclo
40% UT voltage drops
in
(60% UT ) by 5 cycles
40% UT
(60% de voltage drops
in UT ) by 5 cycles
70% UT
(30% voltage drops in
UT ) by 25 cycles
70% UT
(30% voltage drops in
UT ) by 25 cycles
< 5% UT
(> 95% voltage drops
in UT ) by 5 seconds
< 5% UT
(> 95% voltage drops
in UT ) by 5 seconds
3 A/m
Electromagnetic Environment - Guidance
Mains power quality should be that of a
typical commercial or hospital environment.
If the user of the THERMOPULSE
requires continued operation during power
mains interruptions, it is needed that the
THERMOPULSE be powered from an
uninterruptible power supply or battery.
Power frequency magnetic fields should be at
levels characteristic of a typical location in a
typical commercial or hospital environment.
3 A/m
IEC 61000-4-8
NOTE: UT is the A.C. mains voltage prior to applications of the test level.
29
ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY
The THERMOPULSE is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified below. The customer or the
user of the THERMOPULSE should assure that it is used in such an environment.
Immunity Test
IEC 60601
Test Level
Compliance
Level
Electromagnetic Environment - Guidance
Portable and mobile RF communication equipment should
not be used no closer to any part of THERMOPULSE,
including cable than be separation distance calculated from
the equation applicable to the frequency of the transmitter.
Conducted RF
IEC 61000-4-6
3 Vrms
150 kHz to 80 MHz
Recommended separation distance
3V
d = 1.2
d = 0.35
d = 0.7
Radiated RF
IEC 61000-4-3
10 V/m
80 MHz to 2.5 GHz
10 V/m
P
P 80 MHz to 800 MHz
P 800 MHz to 2.5 GHz
Where P is the maximum output power rating of the
transmitter in watts (W) according to the transmitter
manufacturer and d is the recommended separation
distance in meters (m).
Field strengths from fixed RF transmitters, as determined
by an electromagnetic site survey,a should be less than the
compliance level in each frequency range.b
30
ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY
Guidance and Manufacturer’s Declaration - Electromagnetic Immunity
The THERMOPULSE is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified below. The customer or the
user of the THERMOPULSE should assure that it is used in such an environment.
Immunity Test
IEC 60601
Test Level
Compliance
Level
Conducted RF
IEC 61000-4-6
3 Vrms
150 kHz to 80 MHz
3V
Radiated RF
IEC 61000-4-3
10 V/m
80 MHz to 2.5 GHz
10 V/m
Electromagnetic Environment - Guidance
Interference may occur in the vicinity of equipment
marked with the following symbol:
NOTE 1: At 80 MHz and 800 MHz the higher frequency range applies.
NOTE 2: These guidelines may not apply in all situations. Electromagnetic propagation is affected by absorption and
reflection from structures, objects and people.
Field strengths set by fixed transmitters, such as radio base stations, telephone (cellular/cordless) telephones and land
mobile radios, amateur radio, AM / FM radio broadcast and TV broadcast cannot be predicted theoretically with accuracy.
To assess the electromagnetic environment due to fixed RF transmitters, an electromagnetic site survey should be
considered. If the measured field strength at the location in which the THERMOPULSE is used exceeds the applicable RF
compliance level above, the THERMOPULSE should be observed to verify normal operation. If abnormal performance is
observed, additional measures may be necessary, such as reorientation or relocating the THERMOPULSE.
a
b
Over the frequency range 150 kHz to 80 MHz, field strengths should be less than 10 V/m.
31
ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY
Recommended separation distances between the mobile RF communication equipment and THERMOPULSE
The THERMOPULSE is intended for use in an electromagnetic environment in which radiated RF disturbances are
controlled. The customer or the user of the THERMOPULSE can help prevent electromagnetic interference by
maintaining a minimum distance between portable and mobile RF communications equipment (transmitters) and the
THERMOPULSE as recommended below, according to the maximum output power of the communications equipment.
Rated maximum power
output of transmitter
w
0.01
Separation distance according to frequency of transmitter
m
150 kHz to 80 MHz
d = 1.2
P
80 MHz to 800 MHz
d = 0.35
0.12
P 0.035
800 MHz to 2.5 GHz
d = 0.7
P
0.07
0.1
0.38
0.11
0.22
1
1.2
0.35
0.7
10
3.8
1.1
2.2
100
12
3.5
7
For transmitters rated at a maximum output power not listed above, the recommended separation distance d in meters
(m) can be estimated using the equation applicable to the frequency of the transmitter, where P is the maximum output
power rating of the transmitter in watts (W) according to the transmitter manufacturer.
NOTE 1: 80 MHz to 800 MHz, the separation distance for the higher frequency range applies.
NOTE 2 These guidelines may not apply in all situations. Electromagnetic propagation is affected by absorption and
reflection from structures, objects and people.
32
ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY
Aparelho:
Número de série:
Registro ANVISA (M.S.):
Data de fabricação:
Prazo de validade: 5 anos
Engenheiro responsável: Maicon Stringhetta
33
SPECIFICATIONS
SYSTEM SPECIFICATIONS
Dimensions
Width:
Depth:
Height:
Standard Weight (without accessories)
Potência
39 cm (15.3 in)
38 cm (14.9 in)
76 cm (29.9 in)
27.5 kg
Input:
100 / 240~ 50/60 Hz
Input Power:
800 VA
Electrical Class:
CLASSE I
Fuses:
5A 250~ (20AG)
Degree of Electrical Protection:
TYPE BF
Output frequency:
27.12 MHz ± 0.6%
Mode:
SWD (Shortwave Diathermy)
PSWD (Pulsed Shortwave Diathermy)
ASWD (Automatic Pulsed Shortwave Diathermy)
Capacitive Mode Output Power:
10 to 150 W (50 ohms)
Inductive Mode Output Power:
10 to 80 W (50 ohms)
Power Increments:
10 W
Pulse width:
100 to 400 µs
Pulse Frequency:
50 to 800 Hz
Treatment time:
1-60 minutes (1 minutes increments)
Capacitive Electrode Area:
270 cm2 (each electrode)
Inductive Electrode Area:
85 cm2
34
SYSTEM SPECIFICATIONS
Regulatory Compliance
IEC 60601-1
IEC 60601-1-2
IEC 60601-2-3
IEC 60601-1-4
Temperature Range During Transport and Storage:
5 - 50°C/ 41 - 122°F.
Environment operating temperature range:
5 - 45°C/ 41- 113°F.
ISO 10993-1 - Biocompatibility
IBRAMED declares that the materials with which THERMOPULSE is
manufactured do not cause allergic reactions or sensitivity; there is
no risk of harmful effects to cells or skin irritation potential.
35
NOMENCLATURE
CONTROLS, INDICATORS AND CONNECTIONS
Figure 2. Front Access Panel of THERMOPULSE.
Figure 1. Upper Access Panel of THERMOPULSE.
36
NOMENCLATURE
CONTROLS, INDICATORS AND CONNECTIONS
Figure 3. Lateral Access Panel of THERMOPULSE.
37
Figure 4. Rear Access Panel of THERMOPULSE.
NOMENCLATURE
CONTROLS, INDICATORS AND CONNECTIONS
1- Power ON/OFF Switch.
13- Line Cord Connection.
2- Power ON Indicator LED.
14- Label of Power and Voltage.
3- BACK/NEXT Buttons.
15- General Characteristics and Serial Number.
4- SET + /SET - Buttons. SET + increase and SET –
decrease.
16- Federal Law (only USA).
5- LCD user interface.
6- START/STOP Buttons.
7- UP/DOWN Buttons.
8- PROG/MENU Button. PROG: User Protocol; MENU: Select
Language (Português, English and Español).
9- Output Connector Capacitive Electrodes.
10- Technical Characteristics Label.
11- Output Sockets Inductive Electrode.
12- Protection Fuse.
38
SYMBOL DEFINITIONS
Read and understand these symbols and their definitions before operating this equipment
SWD (Shortwave Diathermy), PSWD (Pulsed Shortwave Diathermy) or
ASWD (Automatic Pulsed Shortwave Diathermy).
CAP (capacitive) or IND (inductive).
Only PSWD mode: 10 Hz to 800 Hz (steps of 10 Hz).
Only PSWD mode: 100µs to 400µs (steps of 10µs).
39
SYMBOL DEFINITIONS
Read and understand these symbols and their definitions before operating this equipment
Relative Percentage of RF output (intensity) to the patient: 0%, 25%,
50%, 75% and 100%.
The bar graph indicates the percentage of segments of tune and informs about the percentage of RF transmitted to the
patient. When searching for tuning, the display shows the symbol TNG (tuning).
SWD: variable from 10 W to 150 W
PSWD or ASWD: fixed at 150 W (peak).
Treatment time: 1-60 min.
Button used to START or STOP the treatment. Always press the center key.
Dual function Button: PROG selection and programming of new protocols (10 user protocols);
MENU selection of language (Português, English or Espanõl).
40
SYMBOL DEFINITIONS
Read and understand these symbols and their definitions before operating this equipment
Move the cursor to the next parameter.
Move the cursor to the previous parameter.
Parameters increase.
Parameters decrease.
UP or DOWN Intensity of power buttons.
41
ACCESSORIES USED
ELECTRODES APPLICATORS
A
B
Figure 5. Capacitive electrodes.
Figure 6. A, Inductive electrode without clamping
band and B, inductive electrode with clamp band.
42
ACCESSORIES USED
Installing the applicators
Figure 7. Installing the capacitive electrodes.
Figure 8. Installing the inductive electrode.
43
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
Preparing the Device
Connect the power supply cord to an appropriate electrical outlet and into the IEC connector on the lateral panel. Press
the power switch. LCD displays the device’s message presentation for a few seconds, followed by the software model of
the device default screen programming (Figure 9).
A
B
C
Figure 9. Figures A, B and C show the message display screen and default THERMOPULSE.
Note that when you enter the default screen the letter “S” word SWD will flash. This is the parameter selection cursor
that appears when the device is available for programming.
44
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
Preparing the Device
Time Parameters
Edit Parameters
The BACK/NEXT buttons allow you to select the
parameters required for the treatment. Press the NEXT
button for the cursor to move to the next parameter.
Press the BACK button for the cursor to move back to the
previous setting.
Set the session time. At the end of the scheduled time, you
will hear a beep indicating that the emission shortwave
has been interrupted. Press the STOP button, so that the
sound signal turns off and the equipment goes back to the
programming status.
The SET + / SET - buttons allow you to select the values
of each parameter required for the treatment.
Select Shortwave Mode
Prepare and Install Patient Switch
Press SET + or SET - to select the device shortwave
mode you wish to use for the treatment: SWD (Shortwave
Diathermy), PSWD (Pulsed Shortwave Diathermy) or
ASWD (Automatic Pulsed Shortwave Diathermy).
Prepare the patient for therapy as described and read about
the use of capacitive electrodes and inductive electrode.
45
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
Prepare and Install Patient Switch
Prepare the patient for therapy as described and read about the use of electrodes.
Start Treatment
Press the START button to begin therapy session.
Stop Treatment
Press the STOP button to end
therapy session.
Shortwave Intensity
The shortwave Intensity may be increased or decreased
at any time during the session. Press the UP or DOWN
buttons.
46
PROGRAMMING EQUIPMENT
Example:
Suppose that to treat a specific pathology, you need to
select the following parameters:
Mode = Pulsed
Electrode Type = Capacitive
Pulse Frequency = 30 Hz
Pulse Width = 300 µs
Treatment time = 20 min
2. Press the SET + button until PSWD (pulsed mode) is
displayed, as shown below:
1. Connect the equipment to start programming the pattern
described above. Note the blinking cursor in the SWD.
3. With the NEXT/BACK and SET + / SET - keys, scroll
through the other parameters and select the values shown
in the example:
47
PROGRAMMING EQUIPMENT
4. Now press the START button to start treatment. Note
that the “flashing” cursor and the letters SB (stand by)
disappear and now the display shows the operation seeking
through a tuning bar graph display and the letters TNG
(tuning appear). It may be necessary to adjust the position
of the electrodes on the patient to improve the tuning.
5. With the UP or DOWN keys select the intensity of power
required for treatment. (See in section ORIENTATION
ABOUT DOSAGE)
6. At the end of the programmed time, the emission of
current is interrupted and an audible alarm will signal the
end of treatment.
7. Press the STOP button to stop the alarm. The equipment
can now be switched off, and it will be ready to repeat the same
programming task, or undertake a new programming task.
48
USING THE PROG/MENU BUTTON
USING THE MENU BUTTON
USING THE PROG BUTTON/ PROGRAMMING
USER PROTOCOLS
The PROG/MENU button is used to select the language. Press
PROG/MENU until you hear three “beeps.” Select the desired
language: ‘Português’, ‘Español or ‘English’ (Figure 10).
Briefly press the PROG/MENU to set the chosen language.
THERMOPULSE offers the possibility to record your
protocols. To program new protocols, briefly press the
PROG/MENU. With the buttons SET + and SET- choose
one of available user protocols (1 to 10). Choose the
parameters as explained previously in the PROGRAMMING
EQUIPMENT section and press START. The last choice
will be recorded as a protocol in the memory of the
device. To access protocols saved by the user, simply
select the PROG/MENU key and use the SET + and
SET - buttons - to select the desired protocol number.
To view the previously recorded the protocol selected, press
the key PROG / MENU. To start treatment, press START.
Figure 10. LCD displays the selected language.
Figure 11. Example: User 1 Protocol.
49
PREPARING THE PATIENT FOR THERAPY
THERMOPULSE POSITION OF ELECTRODES
Before applying shortwave diathermy to the patient,
you must first prepare the patient’s skin. By
properly preparing the patient’s skin for shortwave
diathermy, you will allow more energy to reach the
targeted areas and reduce the risk of skin irritation.
Capacitive Method
The capacitive method on the THERMOPULSE uses flexible
plates electrodes wrapped in thick silicon that can be
positioned according to therapeutic needs. The capacitive
method may be applied in different ways as shown:
•
Parallel
(coplanar):
parallel
to
the
same
side of the area to be treated to treat more
superficial structures, e.g. the spinal musculature.
•
Transverse (contraplanar): place electrodes on
opposite sides of the area to be treated, parallel to the area and
not each other, to treat structures located deeply, e.g. joints.
•
Longitudinal:
electrodes
are
positioned
so
that energy passes transversely to the tissue area
to be treated to achieve structures located deeply.
•
Crossfire: half the treatment is performed with the
electrodes in one Transverse position and the second
half of the electrodes are repositioned at right angles.
To prepare the patient’s skin for shortwave diathermy, do
the following:
1. Instruct the patient on therapy
2. Expose the area to be treated and position the patient
comfortably
3. Examine the area to be treated
4. If necessary clean the skin with mild soap and water
or alcohol
5. Dry skin if it is damp
6. Place the electrodes in relation to tissues and proper
distance.
Before using the unit, verify if the patient is not in contact
with the unit, with the electrode connection cable, with
the electrodes, or with other devices or metal objects.
50
PREPARING THE PATIENT FOR THERAPY
THERMOPULSE POSITION OF ELECTRODES
Capacitive Method
Figure 13. Suggested placement: capacitive electrodes,
parallel implementation.
Figure 12. Suggested placement: capacitive electrodes,
parallel implementation.
51
PREPARING THE PATIENT FOR THERAPY
THERMOPULSE POSITION OF ELECTRODES
Capacitive Method
Figure 15. Suggested placement: capacitive electrodes,
longitudinal application.
Figure 14. Suggested placement: capacitive electrodes,
transverse implementation.
52
PREPARING THE PATIENT FOR THERAPY
THERMOPULSE POSITION OF ELECTRODES
Capacitive Method
B
A
Figure 16. Suggested placement: Electrodes in crossfire being A, half of the treatment is made with the
electrodes in the transverse position and B, the second half of the electrodes are repositioned at right angles.
53
PREPARING THE PATIENT FOR THERAPY
THERMOPULSE POSITION OF ELECTRODES
Inductive Method – Inductothermy
The inductive THERMOPULSE electrode is in the form
of flat and spiral helix contained in the drum (monode)
to be applied parallel to the skin surface. In inductive
treatments position the inductive electrode in relation to the
treatment area and use the elastic band to affix as shown.
Figure 18. Suggested placement with inductive
electrode.
Figure 17. Suggested placement with inductive
electrode.
54
PREPARING THE PATIENT FOR THERAPY
THERMOPULSE POSITION OF ELECTRODES
Inductive Method – Inductothermy
Figure 19. Suggested placement with inductive
electrode.
55
PREPARING THE PATIENT FOR THERAPY
ORIENTATION ABOUT DOSAGE
The intensity of power
considering the feedback
dosage should be used
must be adjusted according to the therapeutic requirements and particularly
of the patient on his thermal sensation, as shown in Table 1. The minimum
which will achieve the required effect. Adapted of
Robertson et al., 2006.
DOSAGES OF SHORTWAVE DIATHERMY
DOSAGE
DESCRIPTION OF HEAT TO PATIENT
Moderate heating
Comfortable warmth
Mild heating
Mild gentle warmth
Minimal perceptible heating
So that you can only just feel the warmth
Imperceptible heating
No feeling of warmth at all
56
REFERENCES
Al-Mandeel
MM,
Watson
T.
The
thermal
and
nonthermal effects of high and low doses of pulsed
short wave therapy (PSWT). Physiother Res Int.
2010
Dec;15(4):199-211.
doi:
10.1002/pri.460.
Garrett CL, Draper DO, Knight KL. Heat distribution in
the lower leg from pulsed short-wave diathermy and
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Goats G C. Continuous short-wave (radio-frequency)
diathermy. Br J Sports Med. 1989 June; 23(2): 123–127.
Crouzier D, Selek L, Martz BA, Dabouis V, Arnaud R, Debouzy
JC. Risk assessment of electromagnetic fields exposure with
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Traumatol Surg Res. 2012 Feb;98(1):90-6. Epub 2012 Jan 27.
Johnson W, Draper DO. Increased range of motion
and function in an individual with breast cancer and
necrotizing fasciitis-manual therapy and pulsed short-wave
diathermy treatment. Case Report Med. 2010; pii: 179581.
Draper DO, Castro JL, Feland B, Schulthies S, Eggett D.
Shortwave diathermy and prolonged stretching increase
hamstring flexibility more than prolonged stretching
alone. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2004 Jan;34(1):13-20.
Kitchen
S,
Partridge
diathermy
continuous
Physiotherapy.
Dziedzic K, Hill J, Lewis M, Sim J, Daniels J, Hay EM.
Effectiveness of manual therapy or pulsed shortwave
diathermy in addition to advice and exercise for neck
disorders: a pragmatic randomized controlled trial in physical
therapy clinics. Arthritis Rheum. 2005 Apr 15;53(2):214-22.
C.
Review
of
shortwave
and
pulsed
patterns.
1992;78:243–252.
Laufer Y, Dar G.Effectiveness of thermal and athermal
short-wave diathermy for the management of knee
osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Osteoarthritis
Cartilage.
2012
Sep;20(9):957-66.
Fukuda TY, Alves da Cunha R, Fukuda VO, Rienzo
FA, Cazarini C Jr, Carvalho Nde A, Centini AA.Pulsed
shortwave treatment in women with knee osteoarthritis:
a
multicenter,
randomized,
placebo-controlled
clinical trial. Phys Ther. 2011 Jul;91(7):1009-17.
Maund E, Craig D, Suekarran S, Neilson A, Wright K,
Brealey S, Dennis L, Goodchild L, Hanchard N, Rangan A,
Richardson G, Robertson J, McDaid C. Management of
frozen shoulder: a systematic review and cost-effectiveness
analysis. Health Technol Assess. 2012;16(11):1-264.
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REFERENCES
Mei-Hwa Jan, Huei-Ming Chai, Chung-Li Wang, Yeong-Fwu Lin
Shah SG, Farrow A. Investigation of practices and
procedures in the use of therapeutic diathermy: a
study from the physiotherapists’ health and safety
perspective. Physiother Res Int. 2007;12:228–241.
and Li-Ying Tsai. Effects of Repetitive Shortwave Diathermy
forOsteoarthritis: An Reducing Synovitis in Patients
With Knee Ultrasonographic Study Reducing Synovitis
in Patients With Knee. Phys Ther. 2006; 86:236-244.
Shields
N,
Gormley
J,
O’Hare
N.
Short-wave
diathermy:
current
clinical
and
safety
practices.
Physiother
Res
Int.
2002;7(4):191-202.
Messias Ide A, Okuno E, Colacioppo S. Occupational
exposure of physical therapists to electric and
magnetic fields and the efficacy of Faraday cages.
Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2011 Oct;30(4):309-16.
Shields N, O’Hare N, Boyle G, Gormley J. Development and
application of a quality control procedure for short-wave
diathermy units. Med Biol Eng Comput. 2003;41:62–68.
Nakano J, Yamabayashi C, Scott A, Reid WD. The effect of
heat applied with stretch to increase range of motion: A
systematic review. Phys Ther Sport. 2012 Aug;13(3):180-8.
Shields N, O’Hare N, Gormley J. An evaluation
of safety guidelines to restrict exposure to stray
radiofrequency radiation from short-wave diathermy
units. Phys Med Biol. 2004 Jul 7;49(13):2999-3015.
Robertson V, Ward A, Low J, Reed A. Electrotherapy
Explained: Principles and Practice, ed 4 Philadelphia, PA
19106, Elsevier, 2006, 448 pp, illus, ISBN: 0-7506-8843-7.
Steven E. Peres; David O. Draper; Kenneth L. Knight; Mark D.
Ricard Brigham Young University, Provo, UT. Pulsed Shortwave
Diathermy and Prolonged Long-Duration Stretching Increase
Dorsiflexion Range of Motion More Than Identical Stretching
Without Diathermy. J Athl Train. 2002 Mar;37(1):43-50.
Ruggera PS, Witters DM, von Maltzahn G, Bassen HI.
In vitro assessment of tissue heating near metallic
medical implants by exposure to pulsed radio frequency
diathermy. Phys Med Biol. 2003 Sep 7;48(17):2919-28.
Seiger C, Draper DO. Use of pulsed shortwave diathermy
and joint mobilization to increase ankle range of motion in
the presence of surgical implanted metal: A case series.
J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2006 Sep;36(9):669-77.
58
MAINTENANCE, WARRANTY AND
TECHNICAL SUPPORT
TROUBLESHOOTING
What may initially look like a problem is rarely a defect. Before
calling customer support, please check the items described
below:
PROBLEMS
SOLUTIONS
the
power
cable
properly
The equipment does not Is
connected?
turn on 1.
If not, connect it. Also check the wall
socket.
The equipment does not Have you checked the safety fuse?
Check if there is a bad contact. Check
turn on 2.
if the value is correct as stated in the
instructions.
The equipment is
Have you followed the recommendations
turned on but does not for correct use the equipment as
mentioned in the instructions?
emit RF to patient 1.
Check and repeat the steps in the
controllers, indications and operation
section.
The equipment is
turned on but does not
emit RF to patient 2.
Have you checked the electrodes and the
connecting cables to the patient?
Check if the cable plug is adequately
inserted in the equipment.
Check if the electrodes are adequately
placed on the patient’s body.
59
MAINTENANCE
For the safe use of the equipment, we recommended to
have it inspected and undergo preventive maintenance
at IBRAMED or an authorized technical center every 12
months.
IBRAMED manufacturer only assumes liability for the
technical features and equipment safety provided the unit
is used according to the instructions for use contained in
the manual, when maintenance, repairs and modifications
are undertaken solely by the factory or authorized agents,
and in the event of a breakdown when the components
that can cause a security risk to the appliance are replaced
by original spare parts. If requested, IBRAMED will provide
technical documentation (circuit diagrams, lists of parts
and components etc.) necessary for the repair of any
equipment.
We assume no responsibility for repairs without prior explicit
written permission from IBRAMED.
MAINTENANCE, WARRANTY AND TECHNICAL SUPPORT
WARRANTY
4) The warranty does not cover damage caused to the
IBRAMED, Indústria Brasileira de Equipamentos Médicos
EIRELI, here identified to the consumer through the
following address and telephone number: Av. Dr. Carlos
Burgos, 2800, Jd Itália, Amparo/SP; Tel.: 55 19 3817 9633
provides product-warranty for eighteen (18) months insofar
as the conditions set for warranty terms are followed by
the user as mentioned below.
product resulting from:
a) Failure to follow the specifications and recommendations
detailed in these instructions for use during installation or
use of the product.
b) Accidents or acts of God, connections to electrical system
with inappropriate voltage and/or subjected to excessive
fluctuation or overcharge.
WARRANTY TERMS
c) Misuse, lack of reasonable care, product alterations,
1) IBRAMED warrants that this product is free of
manufacturing defects for eighteen (18) continuous months
provided the set terms presented in these instructions for
use are followed.
2) The warranty period takes effect from the date of
purchase and applies to the original purchaser only, even
in the event of a product being transferred to a third party.
The warranty covers the replacement of component parts
and labor required to repair defects whenever the presence
of such manufacturing defects can be determined.
3) Customer Service during the warranty period will be
provided exclusively at IBRAMED sale points by IBRAMED
itself or another agent designated by the manufacturer.
modifications or repairs undertaken by individuals or
entities not authorized by IBRAMED.
d) Removal or adulteration of the equipment serial
number.
e) Damage during Transport.
5) The legal warranty does not cover: expenses incurred
during product installation or transport to the plant or sale
point, labor, materials, parts and adjustments necessary to
the readiness of the premises in view of the installation of
the device, such as but not limited to electric net, masonry,
hydraulic network, grounding system, as well as their
requirements.
60
MAINTENANCE, WARRANTY AND TECHNICAL SUPPORT
6) The warranty does not cover parts subjected to natural
wear, such as but not limited to control buttons, control
keys, handles and moving parts, radiofrequency applicators,
cooling applicator, cables, connectors, device cabinets,
pedal, infrared thermometer.
7) The selling points are neither authorized to alter the
conditions mentioned in this document nor to take any
commitment on behalf of IBRAMED.
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
If you have any doubts or problems related to the operation
of your equipment, please contact:
Telephone 55 19 3817-9633
Do not alter this equipment. Any unauthorized
modification can affect the safety of this
equipment.
Never make unauthorized repairs.
61
ACCESSORIES ACCOMPANYING THERMOPULSE
Ibramed’s THERMOPULSE contains accessories designed to meet the requirements of electromagnetic compatibility
accessories (accessories code C-008, K-906 and K-905).
PART
qtt
ITEM DESCRIPTION
C-008
01
Plug line cord (Length 1.5 m)
K-906
01
Solid State Vulcanized Rubber Electrode Kit Thermopulse
NUMBER
(1,25 m)
K-905
01
Solid State Inductive Electrode Kit Thermopulse (1,25 m)
M-143
01
Digital User Manual IBRAMED 100511
F-019
01
Fuse Card (C-314) with two 5A fuses
C-678
01
Belt for Large Inductive Electrode
The replacement accessories on this list are designed for use with the THERMOPULSE Shortwave. When ordering, provide
the respective part numbers, description, and quantity desired.
62
CEFAI – IBRAMED Center for Education and Advanced Training
IBRAMED Equipment goes beyond technology. It also provides knowledge! Science constitutes our differential value
and we effectively take advantage of its benefits in order to
ensure patient safety and thereby maximize results.
Special attention is also given to those interested in visiting
our structure. Whatever your professional development
needs, we’ll be right by your side to provide you with
unconditional support.
IBRAMED develops products with scientific support of the
most recent medical studies published in major scientific
journals in the areas of biological, health and exact.
We are happy to assist you!
Contact – [email protected]
www.conexaocefai.com.br
+55 19 3808. 2348
Access to the knowledge database is guaranteed by CEFAI
(IBRAMED Center for Education and Advanced Training)
whose goal is to provide technical and scientific support
as well as current literature on therapies and their applicability while our treatment choices are always thoroughly
selected according to the best and latest clinical criteria.
CEFAI takes into account the personal and professional development of all its partners and customers.
Thanks,
IBRAMED – A matter of respect!
CEFAI invites both students and professionals in the fields
of Physical Rehabilitation, Esthetics, Physiotherapy, Dermatology and Esthetic Medicine to take part in free courses,
workshops, and the best Postgraduate Lato Sensu courses
in the areas of physical rehabilitation and esthetics.
63
IBRAMED
Indústria Brasileira de Equipamentos Médicos EIRELI
Av. Dr. Carlos Burgos, 2800 - Jd. Itália
13901-080 - Amparo - SP - Brasil
19 3817 9633
www.ibramed.com.br
[email protected]
64
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