vacon®10 complete user manual

vacon®10 complete user manual
vacon®10
ac drives
complete user manual
INDEX
Document: DPD00717E1
Version release date: 10.04.2013
Software package: FW0135V005
1. Safety
1.1 Warnings
1.2 Safety instructions
1.3 Earthing and earth fault protection
1.4 Before running the motor
2. Receipt of delivery
2.1 Type designation code
2.2 Storage
2.3 Maintenance
2.4 Warranty
2.5 Manufacturer’s declaration of conformity
3. Installation
3.1 Mechanical installation
3.1.1 Vacon 10 dimensions
3.1.2 Cooling
3.1.3 Power losses
3.1.4 EMC levels
3.1.5 Changing the EMC protection class from C2 or C3 to C4
3.2 Cabling and connections
3.2.1 Power cabling
3.2.2 Control cabling
3.2.3 Screw of cables
3.2.4 Cable and fuse specifications
3.2.5 General cabling rules
3.2.6 Stripping lengths of motor and mains cables
3.2.7 Cable installation and the UL standards
3.2.8 Cable and motor insulation checks
4. Commissioning
4.1 Commissioning steps of Vacon 10
5. Fault tracing
6. Vacon 10 Application Interface
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Control I/O
7. Control panel
7.1 General
7.2 Display
7.3 Keypad
7.4 Navigation on the Vacon 10 control panel
7.4.1 Main menu
7.4.2 Reference menu
7.4.3 Monitoring menu
7.4.4 Parameter menu
7.4.5 System menu
1
1
3
3
4
5
5
6
6
6
7
9
9
10
12
13
18
19
20
20
21
23
25
28
29
29
29
31
31
33
37
37
39
41
41
41
42
44
44
45
46
48
50
8. STANDARD application parameters
53
8.1 Quick setup parameters
(Virtual menu, shows when par. 17.2 = 1)
54
8.2 Motor settings (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P1)
56
8.3 Start / stop setup (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P2)
58
8.4 Frequency references (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P3)
58
8.5 Ramps and brakes setup (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P4)
59
8.6 Digital inputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P5)
60
8.7 Analogue inputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P6)
60
8.8 Digital outputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P8)
61
8.9 Analogue outputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P9)
61
8.10 Protections (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P13)
62
8.11 Fault autoreset parameters (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P14) 62
8.12 PI control parameters (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P15)
63
8.13 Application Setting (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P17)
63
8.14 System parameters
64
9. Parameter descriptions
67
9.1 Motor settings (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P1)
67
9.2 Start / stop setup (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P2)
72
9.3 Frequency references (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P3)
79
9.4 Ramps & brakes setup (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P4)
80
9.5 Digital inputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P5)
84
9.6 Analogue inputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P6)
85
9.7 Digital outputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P8)
86
9.8 Analogue outputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P9)
87
9.9 Protections (Control panel:Menu Par->P13)
88
9.10 Automatic reset (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P14)
92
9.11 PI control parameters (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P15)
93
9.12 Application setting (Control panel: Menu PAR->P17)
94
9.13 Modbus RTU
96
9.13.1 Termination resistor
96
9.13.2 Modbus address area
96
9.13.3 Modbus process data
97
10. Technical data
99
10.1 Vacon 10 technical data
99
10.2 Power ratings
101
10.2.1 Vacon 10 – Mains voltage 208-240 V
101
10.2.2 Vacon 10 – Mains voltage 115 V
102
10.2.3 Vacon 10 – Mains voltage 380-480 V
102
10.2.4 Vacon 10 – Mains voltage 575 V
103
10.3 Brake resistors
103
safety
vacon
•1
1. SAFETY
ONLY A COMPETENT ELECTRICIAN IS ALLOWED TO CARRY
OUT THE ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION!
This manual contains clearly marked cautions and warnings which are intended for
your personal safety and to avoid any unintentional damage to the product or connected appliances.
Please read the information included in cautions and warnings carefully:
=Dangerous voltage
Risk of death or severe injury
=General warning
Risk of damage to the product or
connected appliances
1.1 Warnings
The components of the power unit of the frequency converter
are live when Vacon 10 is connected to mains. Coming into
contact with this voltage is extremely dangerous and may
cause death or severe injury. The control unit is isolated from
the mains potential.
The motor terminals U, V, W (T1, T2, T3) and the possible brake
resistor terminals - / + are live when Vacon 10 is connected to
mains, even if the motor is not running.
The control I / O-terminals are isolated from the mains potential. However, the relay output terminals may have a dangerous control voltage present even when Vacon 10 is
disconnected from mains.
The earth leakage current of Vacon 10 frequency converters
exceeds 3.5 mA AC. According to standard EN61800-5-1, a
reinforced protective ground connection must be ensured.
If the frequency converter is used as a part of a machine, the
machine manufacturer is responsible for providing the
machine with a main switch (EN 60204-1).
If Vacon 10 is disconnected from mains while running the
motor, it remains live if the motor is energized by the process.
In this case the motor functions as a generator feeding energy
to the frequency converter.
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
1
2
• vacon
safety
After disconnecting the frequency converter from the mains,
wait until the fan stops and the indicators on the display go
out. Wait 5 more minutes before doing any work on Vacon 10
connections.
The motor can start automatically after a fault situation, if the
autoreset function has been activated.
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212 205
1
safety
vacon
•3
1.2 Safety instructions
The Vacon 10 frequency converter has been designed for fixed
installations only.
Do not perform any measurements when the frequency converter is connected to the mains.
Do not perform any voltage withstand tests on any part of
Vacon 10. The product safety is fully tested at factory.
Prior to measurements on the motor or the motor cable, disconnect the motor cable from the frequency converter.
Do not open the cover of Vacon 10. Static voltage discharge
from your fingers may damage the components. Opening the
cover may also damage the device. If the cover of Vacon 10 is
opened, warranty becomes void.
1.3 Earthing and earth fault protection
The Vacon 10 frequency converter must always be earthed with an earthing conductor connected to the earthing terminal. See figure below:
MI1 - MI3
•
The earth fault protection inside the frequency converter protects
only the converter itself against earth faults.
•
If fault current protective switches are used they must be tested
with the drive with earth fault currents that are possible to arise in
fault situations.
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
1
4
• vacon
safety
1.4 Before running the motor
Checklist:
Before starting the motor, check that the motor is mounted
properly and ensure that the machine connected to the motor
allows the motor to be started.
Set the maximum motor speed (frequency) according to the
motor and the machine connected to it.
Before reversing the motor shaft rotation direction make sure
that this can be done safely.
Make sure that no power correction capacitors are connected
to the motor cable.
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212 205
1
receipt of delivery
vacon
•5
2. RECEIPT OF DELIVERY
After unpacking the product, check that no signs of transport damages are to be
found on the product and that the delivery is complete (compare the type designation
of the product to the code below).
Should the drive have been damaged during the shipping, please contact primarily
the cargo insurance company or the carrier.
If the delivery does not correspond to your order, contact the supplier immediately.
2.1 Type designation code
VACON0010-
1L-
0001-
1
+OPTIONS
Vacon 10
Input phase
1L = Single phase
3L = Three phases
Output Current
Input Voltage
1 =115V
2 = 208 - 230V
4 = 380 - 480V
7 = 575V
+Options
EMC2
QPES
Language of the documentation
+DLCN = Chinese
+DLCZ = Czech
+DLDE = German
+DLDK = Danish
+DLES = Spanish
+DLFI = Finnish
+DLFR = French
+DLIT = Italian
+DLNL = Dutch
+DLNO = Norwegian
+DLPT = Portuguese
+DLRU = Russian
+DLSE = Swedish
+DLTR = Turkish
+DLUS = US English
empty = English
Figure 2.1: Vacon 10 type designation code
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
2
6
• vacon
receipt of delivery
2.2 Storage
If the frequency converter is to be kept in store before use make sure that the ambient conditions are acceptable:
Storing temperature -40…+70°C
Relative humidity < 95%, no condensation
2.3 Maintenance
In normal operating conditions, Vacon 10 frequency converters are maintenancefree.
2.4 Warranty
Only manufacturing defects are covered by the warranty. The manufacturer assumes no responsibility for damages caused during or resulting from transport, receipt of the delivery, installation, commissioning or use.
The manufacturer shall in no event and under no circumstances be held responsible
for damages and failures resulting from misuse, wrong installation, unacceptable
ambient temperature, dust, corrosive substances or operation outside the rated
specifications. Neither can the manufacturer be held responsible for consequential
damages.
The Manufacturer's time of warranty is 18 months from the delivery or 12 months
from the commissioning whichever expires first (Vacon Warranty Terms).
The local distributor may grant a warranty time different from the above. This warranty time shall be specified in the distributor's sales and warranty terms. Vacon assumes no responsibility for any other warranties than that granted by Vacon itself.
In all matters concerning the warranty, please contact first your distributor.
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212 205
2
receipt of delivery
vacon
•7
2.5 Manufacturer’s declaration of conformity
EU DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
We
Manufacturer's name:
Vacon Oyj
Manufacturer's address:
P.O.Box 25
Runsorintie 7
FIN-65381 Vaasa
Finland
hereby declare that the product
Product name:
Vacon 10 Frequency Converter
Model designation:
Vacon 10 1L 0001 2…to 0009 2
Vacon 10 3L 0001 2…to 0011 2
Vacon 10 3L 0001 4…to 0012 4
has been designed and manufactured in accordance with the following
standards:
Safety:
EN 60204 -1 (2009) (as relevant) ,
EN 61800-5-1 (2007)
EMC:
EN 61800-3 (2004)
and conforms to the relevant safety provisions of the Low Voltage Directive
2006/95/EC and EMC Directive 2004/108/EC.
It is ensured through internal measures and quality control that the product
conforms at all times to the requirements of the current Directive and the
relevant standards.
In Vaasa, 30th of July, 2010
The year the CE marking was affixed:
Vesa Laisi
President
2011
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
2
8
• vacon
receipt of delivery
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212 205
2
vacon • 9
installation
3 INSTALLATION
3.1 Mechanical installation
There are two possible ways to mount Vacon 10 in the wall. For MI1-MI3, either screw
or DIN-rail mounting. The mounting dimensions are given on the back of the drive
and on the following page.
MI3
=M5
MI2
MI1
=M5
=M4
LOC
REM
BACK
RESET
OK
BACK
RESET
LOC
REM
BACK
RESET
OK
LOC
REM
OK
Figure 3.1: Screw mounting, MI1 - MI3
1
2
Figure 3.2: DIN-rail mounting, MI1 - MI3
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
3
10
• vacon
installation
3.1.1 Vacon 10 dimensions
Figure 3.3: Vacon 10 dimensions, MI1 - MI3
Frame
H1
H2
H3
W1
W2
W3
D1
D2
MI1
160.1
147
137.3
65.5
37.8
4.5
98.5
7
MI2
195
183
170
90
62.5
5.5
101.5
7
75
5.5
108.5
7
MI3
254.3
244
229.3
100
Table 3.1: Vacon 10 dimensions in millimetres
Frame
Dimensions(mm)
Weight*
W
H
D
MI1
66
160
98
(kg.)
0.5
MI2
90
195
102
0.7
MI3
100
254.3
109
1
*without shipping package
Table 3.2: Vacon 10 frame dimensions (mm) and weights (kg)
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
3
vacon • 11
installation
Frame
Dimensions(Inches)
Weight*
W
H
D
(Ibs.)
MI1
2.6
6.2
3.9
1.2
MI2
3.5
9.9
4
1.5
MI3
3.9
10.3
4.3
2.2
*without shipping package
Table 3.3: Vacon 10 frame dimensions (Inch) and weights (Ibs)
Figure 3.4: Vacon10 dimensions, MI2 - 3 Display Location
Frame
Dimensions(mm)
MI2
MI3
A
17
22.3
B
44
102
Table 3.4: Vacon 10 frame dimensions (mm)
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
3
12
• vacon
installation
3.1.2 Cooling
Enough free space shall be left above and below the frequency converter to ensure
sufficient air circulation and cooling. You will find the required dimensions for free
space in the table below.
If several units are mounted above each other the required free space equals C + D
(see Installation space). Moreover, the outlet air used for cooling by the lower unit
must be directed away from the air intake of the upper unit.
The amount of cooling air required is indicated below. Also make sure that the temperature of the cooling air does not exceed the maximum ambient temperature of
the converter.
Min clearance (mm)
Frame
A*
B*
C
D
MI1
20
20
100
50
MI2
20
20
100
50
C
MI3
20
20
100
50
Table 3.5: Min. clearances around AC drive
B
A
B
A
*. Min clearance A and B for drives for
MI1 ~ MI3 can be 0 mm if the ambient
temperature is below 40 degrees.
D
Figure 3.5: Installation space
A = clearance around the freq. converter (see also B)
B = distance from one frequency converter to another or distance to cabinet wall
C = free space above the frequency converter
D = free space underneath the frequency converter
NOTE! See the mounting dimensions on the back of the drive.
Leave free space for cooling above (100 mm), below (50 mm), and on the sides
(20 mm) of Vacon 10! For MI1 - MI3, side-to-side installation allowed only if the ambient temperature is below 40 °C.
Frame
Cooling air required (m³/h)
MI1
10
MI2
10
MI3
Table 3.6: Required cooling air
30
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
3
vacon • 13
installation
3.1.3 Power losses
If the operator wants to raise the switching frequency of the drive for some reason
(typically e.g. in order to reduce the motor noise), this inevitably affects the power
losses and cooling requirements, for different motor shaft power, operator can select the switching frequency according to the graphs below.
MI1 - MI3 3P 380 V POWER LOSS
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
3
14
• vacon
installation
MI1 - MI3 3P 230 V POWER LOSS
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
3
installation
vacon • 15
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
3
16
• vacon
installation
MI1 - MI3 1P 230 V POWER LOSS
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
3
installation
vacon • 17
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
3
18
• vacon
installation
3.1.4 EMC levels
EN61800-3 defines the division of frequency converters into four classes according
to the level of electromagnetic disturbances emitted, the requirements of a power
system network and the installation environment (see below). The EMC class of each
product is defined in the type designation code.
Category C1: Frequency converters of this class comply with the requirements of
category C1 of the product standard EN 61800-3 (2004). Category C1 ensures the
best EMC characteristics and it includes converters the rated voltage of which is less
than 1000 V and which are intended for use in the 1st environment.
NOTE: The requirements of class C are fulfilled only as far as the conducted emissions are concerned.
Category C2: Frequency converters of this class comply with the requirements of
category C2 of the product standard EN 61800-3 (2004). Category C2 includes converters in fixed installations and the rated voltage of which is less than 1000 V. The
class C2 frequency converters can be used both in the 1st and the 2nd environment.
Category C3: Frequency converters of this class comply with the requirements of
category C3 of the product standard EN 61800-3 (2004). Category C3 includes converters the rated voltage of which is less than 1000 V and which are intended for use
in the second environment only.
Category C4: The drives of this class do not provide EMC emission protection. These
kinds of drives are mounted in enclosures.
Environments in product standard EN 61800-3 (2004)
First environment: Environment that includes domestic premises. It also includes
establishments directly connected without intermediate transformers to a low-voltage power supply network which supplies buildings used for domestic purposes.
NOTE: houses, apartments, commercial premises or offices in a residential building
are examples of first environment locations.
Second environment: Environment that includes all establishments other than
those directly connected to a low-voltage power supply network which supplies
buildings used for domestic purposes.
NOTE: industrial areas, technical areas of any building fed from a dedicated transformer are examples of second environment locations.
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
3
installation
vacon • 19
3.1.5 Changing the EMC protection class from C2 or C3 to C4
The EMC protection class of MI1-3 frequency converters can be changed from class
C2 or C3 to class C4 by removing the EMC-capacitor disconnecting screw, see figure below.
Note! Do not attempt to change the EMC level back to class C2 or C3. Even if the procedure above is reversed, the frequency converter will no longer fulfil the EMC requirements of class C2 / C3!
Figure 3.6: EMC protection class, MI1 - MI3
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
3
20
• vacon
installation
3.2 Cabling and connections
3.2.1 Power cabling
Note! Tightening torque for power cables is 0.5 - 0.6 Nm
3~ (230V, 400V)
Motor out
1~ (230V)
Strip the
plastic cable
coating for
360° earthing
MAINS
MOTOR
Figure 3.7: Vacon 10 power connections, MI1
3~(230V, 400V, 575V) External brake resistor
3 ~(230V, 400V, 575V)
1~ (230V) 1~ (115V)
Mot or out
L1 L2/N L3 R+ R- U/T1 V/T2 W/T3
Strip the
plastic
cable
coating
for 360°
earthing
MAINS
BRAKE
RESISTOR
MOTOR
Figure 3.8: Vacon 10 power connections, MI2 - MI3
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
3
vacon • 21
installation
3.2.2 Control cabling
Attach the support
AFTER installing
the power cables
Attach this plate
BEFORE installing
the power cables
Figure 3.9: Mount the PE-plate and API cable support, MI1 - MI3
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
3
22
• vacon
installation
Figure 3.10: Open the lid, MI1 - MI3
Control cable
tightening
torque: 0.4 Nm
Strip the plastic
cable coating for
360°earthing
Figure 3.11: Install the control cables. MI1 - MI3. See Chapter 6.2
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
3
installation
vacon • 23
3.2.3 Screw of cables
Figure 3.12: MI1 screws
Figure 3.13: MI2 screws
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
3
24
• vacon
installation
Figure 3.14: MI3 screws
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
3
vacon • 25
installation
3.2.4 Cable and fuse specifications
Use cables with heat resistance of at least +70°C. The cables and the fuses must be
dimensioned according to the tables below. Installation of cables according to UL
regulations is presented in Chapter Cable installation and the UL standards.
The fuses function also as cable overload protection.
These instructions apply only to cases with one motor and one cable connection from
the frequency converter to the motor. In any other case, ask the factory for more information.
EMC category
cat. C2
cat. C3
cat. C4
Mains cable types
1
1
1
Motor cable types
3
2
1
Control cable types
4
4
4
Table 3.7: Cable types required to meet standards. EMC categories are
described in Chapter EMC levels
Cable type
Description
1
Power cable intended for fixed installation and the specific mains voltage.
Shielded cable not required.
(NKCABLES / MCMK or similar recommended)
2
Power cable equipped with concentric protection wire and intended for
the specific mains voltage.
(NKCABLES / MCMK or similar recommended).
3
Power cable equipped with compact low-impedance shield and intended
for the specific mains voltage.
(NKCABLES / MCCMK, SAB / ÖZCUY-J or similar recommended).
*360º earthing of both motor and FC connection required to meet the standard
4
Screened cable equipped with compact low-impedance shield (NKCABLES /Jamak, SAB / ÖZCuY-O or similar).
Table 3.8: Cable type descriptions
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
3
26
• vacon
installation
Frame
Type
Fuse
[A]
MI2
0001-0004
20
Terminal cable size (min/max)
Mains
Motor
Main
Earth
Control
Relay
cable
cable
terminal terminal terminal
Cu [mm2] Cu [mm2] terminal
2
2
2
2
[mm ]
[mm ]
[mm ]
[mm ]
1.5-4
1.5-4
0.5-1.5
0.5-1.5
MI3
0005
32
2*6+6
3*1.5+1.5
1.5-4
1.5-4
Table 3.9: Cable and fuse sizes for Vacon 10, 115 V, 1~
0.5-1.5
0.5-1.5
2*2.5+2.5
3*1.5+1.5
Terminal cable size (min/max)
Mains
Motor
Main
Earth
Control
Relay
cable
cable
terminal terminal terminal
Cu [mm2] Cu [mm2] terminal
2
2
2
2
Frame
Type
Fuse
[A]
[mm ]
[mm ]
[mm ]
[mm ]
MI1
0001-0003
10
2*1.5+1.5
3*1.5+1.5
1.5-4
1.5-4
0.5-1.5
0.5-1.5
MI2
0004-0007
20
2*2.5+2.5
3*1.5+1.5
1.5-4
1.5-4
0.5-1.5
0.5-1.5
MI3
0009
32
2*6+6
3*1.5+1.5
1.5-6
1.5-6
0.5-1.5
Table 3.10: Cable and fuse sizes for Vacon 10, 208 - 240 V, 1~
0.5-1.5
Terminal cable size (min/max)
Mains
Motor
cable
cable
Main
Earth
Control
Relay
terminal terminal terminal
Cu [mm2] Cu [mm2] terminal
2
2
2
2
Frame
Type
Fuse
[A]
[mm ]
[mm ]
[mm ]
[mm ]
MI1
0001-0003
6
3*1.5+1.5
3*1.5+1.5
1.5-4
1.5-4
0.5-1.5
0.5-1.5
MI2
0004-0007
10
3*1.5+1.5
3*1.5+1.5
1.5-4
1.5-4
0.5-1.5
0.5-1.5
MI3
0011
20
3*2.5+2.5 3*2.5+2.5
1.5-6
1.5-6
0.5-1.5
Table 3.11: Cable and fuse sizes for Vacon 10, 208 - 240 V, 3~
0.5-1.5
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
3
vacon • 27
installation
Terminal cable size (min/max)
Motor
Main
Earth
Control
Relay
cable
terminal terminal terminal
Cu [mm2] terminal
2
2
2
2
Frame
Type
Fuse
[A]
Mains
cable
Cu
[mm2]
[mm ]
[mm ]
[mm ]
[mm ]
MI1
0001-0003
6
3*1.5+1.5
3*1.5+1.5
1.5-4
1.5-4
0.5-1.5
0.5-1.5
MI2
0004-0006
10
3*1.5+1.5
3*1.5+1.5
1.5-4
1.5-4
0.5-1.5
0.5-1.5
MI3 0008-0012
20
3*2.5+2.5 3*2.5+2.5
1.5-6
1.5-6
0.5-1.5
Table 3.12: Cable and fuse sizes for Vacon 10, 380 - 480 V, 3~
0.5-1.5
Terminal cable size (min/max)
Motor
Main
Earth
Control
Relay
cable
terminal terminal terminal
Cu [mm2] terminal
2
2
2
2
Frame
Type
Fuse
[A]
Mains
cable
Cu
[mm2]
[mm ]
[mm ]
[mm ]
[mm ]
MI3
0002-0004
6
3*1.5+1.5
3*1.5+1.5
1.5-4
1.5-4
0.5-1.5
0.5-1.5
MI3
0005-0006
10
3*1.5+1.5
3*1.5+1.5
1.5-4
1.5-4
0.5-1.5
0.5-1.5
MI3
0009
20
3*2.5+2.5 3*2.5+2.5
1.5-6
1.5-6
Table 3.13: Cable and fuse sizes for Vacon 10, 575 V,3~
0.5-1.5
0.5-1.5
Note! To fulfil standard EN61800-5-1, the protective conductor should be at least
10 mm2 Cu or 16 mm2 Al. Another possibility is to use an additional protective conductor of at least the same size as the original one.
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
3
28
• vacon
installation
3.2.5 General cabling rules
1
Before starting the installation, check that none of the components of the frequency converter is live.
2
Place the motor cables sufficiently far from other cables:
• Avoid placing the motor cables in long parallel lines with other cables.
• If the motor cable runs in parallel with other cables, the minimum distance
between the motor cable and other cables is 0.3 m.
• The given distance also applies between the motor cables and signal cables
of other systems.
• The maximum length of the motor cables for MI1-3 is 30 m. If use longer
cable, current accuracy will be decreased.
• The motor cables should cross other cables at an angle of 90 degrees.
3
If cable insulation checks are needed, see Chapter Cable and motor insulation
checks.
4
Connecting the cables:
• Strip the motor and mains cables as advised in Figure Stripping of cables.
• Connect the mains, motor and control cables into their respective terminals, see Figures Vacon 10 power connections, MI1 - Install the control
cables.
• Note the tightening torques of chapter3.2.1 power cables and chapter 3.2.2
control cables given in Vacon 10 power connections, MI1 and Install the
control cables. MI1 - MI3. See Chapter6.2.
• For information on cable installation according to UL regulations see Chapter Cable installation and the UL standards.
• Make sure that the control cable wires do not come in contact with the electronic components of the unit.
• If an external brake resistor (option) is used, connect its cable to the appropriate terminal.
• Check the connection of the earth cable to the motor and the frequency
converter terminals marked with.
• Connect the separate shield of the motor cable to the earth plate of the
frequency converter, motor and the supply centre.
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
3
vacon • 29
installation
3.2.6 Stripping lengths of motor and mains cables
Earth con ductor
8 mm
8 mm
35 mm
20 mm
Figure 3.15: Stripping of cables
Note! Strip also the plastic cover of the cables for 360 degree earthing. See Figures
Vacon 10 power connections, MI1, Vacon 10 power connections, MI2 - MI3 and Install
the control cables. MI1 - MI3. See Chapter 6.2.
3.2.7 Cable installation and the UL standards
To meet the UL (Underwriters Laboratories) regulations, a UL-approved copper cable with a minimum heat-resistance of +60 / 75°C must be used.
3.2.8 Cable and motor insulation checks
These checks can be performed as follows if motor or cable insulations are suspected to be faulty.
1. Motor cable insulation checks
Disconnect the motor cable from terminals U / T1, V / T2 and W / T3 of the frequency
converter and from the motor. Measure the insulation resistance of the motor cable
between each phase conductor as well as between each phase conductor and the
protective ground conductor.
The insulation resistance must be >1 MOhm.
2. Mains cable insulation checks
Disconnect the mains cable from terminals L1, L2 / N and L3 of the frequency converter and from the mains. Measure the insulation resistance of the mains cable between each phase conductor as well as between each phase conductor and the
protective ground conductor. The insulation resistance must be >1 MOhm.
3. Motor insulation checks
Disconnect the motor cable from the motor and open the bridging connections in the
motor connection box. Measure the insulation resistance of each motor winding. The
measurement voltage must equal at least the motor nominal voltage but not exceed
1000 V. The insulation resistance must be >1 MOhm.
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
3
30
• vacon
installation
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
3
commissioning
vacon
• 31
4. COMMISSIONING
Before commissioning, read the warnings and instructions listed in
Chapter 1!
4.1 Commissioning steps of Vacon 10
1
2
Read carefully the safety instructions in Chapter 1 and follow them.
After the installation, make sure that:
• both the frequency converter and the motor are grounded.
• the mains and motor cables comply with the requirements given in Chapter 3.2.4.
• the control cables are located as far as possible from the power. cables
(see Chapter 3.2.5, step 2) and the shields of the shielded cables are connected to protective earth.
3
Check the quality and quantity of cooling air (Chapter 3.1.2).
4
Check that all Start / Stop switches connected to the I / O terminals are in Stopposition.
5
Connect the frequency converter to mains.
6
Set the parameters of group 1 according to the requirements of your application.
At least the following parameters should be set:
• motor nominal speed (par. 1.3)
• motor nominal current (par. 1.4)
• application type (par. 17.1)
You will find the values needed for the parameters on the motor rating plate.
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
4
32
• vacon
commissioning
Perform test run without motor. Perform either Test A or Test B:
7
A) Control from the I / O terminals:
• Turn the Start / Stop switch to ON position.
• Change the frequency reference.
• Check the Monitoring Menu and make sure that the value of Output frequency changes according to the change of frequency reference.
• Turn the Start / Stop switch to OFF position.
B) Control from the keypad:
• Select the keypad as the control place by pressing Loc / Rem button or
select Local control with par 2.5.
• Push the Start button on the keypad.
• Check the Monitoring Menu and make sure that the value of Output frequency. changes according to the change of frequency reference.
• Push the Stop button on the keypad.
8
Run the no-load tests without the motor being connected to the process, if possible. If this is impossible, secure the safety of each test prior to running it. Inform
your co-workers of the tests.
• Switch off the supply voltage and wait up until the drive has stopped.
• Connect the motor cable to the motor and to the motor cable terminals of
the frequency converter.
• See to that all Start / Stop switches are in Stop positions.
• Switch the mains ON.
• Repeat test 7A or 7B.
9
Perform an identification run (see par. 1.18), especially if the application requires
a high startup torque or a high torque with low speed.
10
Connect the motor to the process (if the no-load test was running without the
motor being connected).
• Before running the tests, make sure that this can be done safely.
• Inform your co-workers of the tests.
• Repeat test 7A or 7B.
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
4
fault tracing
vacon
• 33
5. FAULT TRACING
When a fatal fault is detected by the frequency converter control electronics, the
drive will stop and the symbol FT and the fault code blinked on the display are in the
following format, e.g.:
FT 2
Fault code (2 = over vol tage)
The active fault can be reset by pressing BACK / RESET button when the API is in active fault menu level (FT XX), or pressing BACK / RESET button with long time (> 2 s)
when the API is in active fault submenu level (F5.x ), or via the I / O terminal or field
bus. Reset fault history (long push > 5 s), when the API is in fault history submenu
level (F6.x). The faults with subcode and time labels are stored in the Fault history
submenu which can be browsed. The different fault codes, their causes and correcting actions are presented in the table below.
Fault
code
1
2
3
Fault name
Possible cause
Correcting actions
Overcurrent
Frequency converter has
detected too high a current
(>4*IN) in the motor cable:
• sudden heavy load increase
• short circuit in motor cables
• unsuitable motor
Overvoltage
The DC-link voltage has
exceeded the internal safety
limit:
Increase the deceleration
• deceleration time is too short time (Par.4.3 or Par.4.6)
• high overvoltage spikes in
mains
Earth fault
Current measurement has
detected extra leakage current at
Check motor cables and
start:
motor
• insulation failure in cables or
motor
Check loading.
Check motor size.
Check cables.
Table 5.1: Fault codes
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
5
34
• vacon
Fault
code
8
Fault name
System fault
fault tracing
Possible cause
• component failure
• faulty operation
Correcting actions
Reset the fault and
restart.
If the fault re-occurs, contact the distributor near to
you.
NOTE! If fault F8 occurs,
find out the subcode of the
fault from the Fault History menu under Id xxx!
In case of temporary supply voltage break reset the
fault and restart the frequency converter. Check
the supply voltage. If it is
adequate, an internal failure has occurred.
Contact the distributor
near to you.
Undervoltage
The DC-link voltage has gone
below the internal safety limit:
• most probable cause: supply
voltage is too low
• frequency converter internal
fault
• Power outages
11
Output phase fault
Current measurement has
Check motor cable and
detected that there is no current
motor.
in one motor phase.
13
Frequency converter
undertemperature
Heat sink temperature is under
-10 °C
Check the ambient temperature.
9
14
Frequency converter
overtemperature
Heat sink is overheated.
Check that the cooling air
flow is not blocked.
Check the ambient temperature.
Make sure that the
switching frequency is not
too high in relation to
ambient temperature and
motor load.
15
Motor stalled
Motor stall protection has
tripped.
Check that the motor is
able to rotate freely.
16
Motor overtemperature
Motor overheating has been
detected by frequency converter
motor temperature model. Motor
is overloaded.
Decrease the motor load.
If no motor overload
exists, check the temperature model parameters.
17
Motor underload
Motor underload protection has
tripped.
Check motor and load,
e.g. for broken belts or dry
pumps.
Table 5.1: Fault codes
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
5
fault tracing
Fault
code
Fault name
vacon
Possible cause
Parameter save fault
• faulty operation
• component failure
• 35
Correcting actions
22
EEPROM checksum
fault
25
Microcontroller
watchdog fault
27
Back EMF protection
Drive has detected that the magnet- Make sure that there is no
ized motor is running in start situation. rotating PM-motor when
• A rotating PM-motor
the start command is given.
34
Internal bus communication
Ambient interference or defective If the fault re-occur, contact
hardware
the distributor near to you.
35
Application fault
Application is not working properly.
41
Overtemperature alarm is issued Check loading.
IGBT Overtemperature when the IGBT switch tempera- Check motor size.
ture exceeds 110 °C.
Make identification run.
50
Current at the analogue input is <
Analog input select
4mA; Voltage at the analogue
20% - 100% (selected
Check the current loop
input is < 2 V.
signal range 4 to
circuitry.
• control cable is broken or loose.
20 mA or 2 to 10 V)
• signal source has failed.
51
External fault
Digital input fault. Digital input has
Remove the external
been programmed as external
device fault.
fault input and this input is active.
53
Fieldbus fault
Check installation.
The data connection between the
If installation is correct,
fieldbus Master and the fieldbus
contact the nearest Vacon
of the drive has broken.
distributor.
55
Wrong run fault
Run forward and backward at the Check I/O control single 1
same time.
and I/O control single 2.
57
Idenfication fault
• faulty operation
• component failure
Identification run has failed.
Contact the distributor
near to you.
Reset the fault and restart.
If the fault re-occur, contact
the distributor near to you.
Contact the distributor
near to you.
Run command was
removed before completion of identification run.
Motor is not connected to
frequency converter.
There is load on motor shaft.
Table 5.1: Fault codes
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
5
36
• vacon
fault tracing
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
5
vacon 10 api
vacon
• 37
6. VACON 10 APPLICATION INTERFACE
6.1 Introduction
There is only one version of Control Board available for the Vacon 10 drive:
Version
Composition
6 Digital inputs
2 Analogue inputs
Vacon 10
1 Analogue output
1 Digital output
2 Relay outputs
RS-485 Interface
Table 6.1: Available Control Board
This section provides you with a description of the I / O-signals for Vacon 10 and instructions for using the Vacon 10 general purpose application.
The frequency reference can be selected from Preset Speed 0-7, Keypad, Fieldbus,
AI1, AI2, PI.
Basic properties:
• Digital inputs DI1…DI6 are freely programmable. The user can assign a
single input to many functions.
• Digital-, relay- and analogue outputs are freely programmable.
• Analog output can be set as current output.
• Analog input 1 can be set as voltage input and Analog input 2
can be set as current input.
Special features:
• Programmable Start / Stop and Reverse signal logic
• Reference scaling
• DC-brake at start and stop
• Programmable U / f curve
• Adjustable switching frequency
• Auto reset function after fault
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
6
38
• vacon
vacon 10 api
• Protections and supervisions (all fully programmable; off, alarm, fault):
• Analog input low fault
• Undervoltage fault
• Earth fault
• Output phase fault
• Motor thermal, stall and underload protection
• 8 preset speeds
• Analogue input range selection, signal scaling and filtering
• PI controller
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
6
vacon 10 api
vacon
• 39
6.2 Control I/O
Terminal
Signal
1 +10Vref Ref. voltage out
2 AI1
Analog signal in 1
mA
3
6
GND
24Vout
I/O signal ground
24V output for DI's
7
8
GND
DI1
I/O signal ground
Digital input 1
9
10
A
B
4
DI2
DI3
A
B
AI2
Digital input 2
Digital input 3
RS485 signal A
RS485 signal B
Analog signal in 2
5
13
14
15
16
18
GND
GND
DI4
DI5
DI6
AO
I/O signal ground
I/O signal ground
Digital input 4
Digital input 5
Digital input 6
Analog Output
20 DO
22 RO 13
23 RO 14
24 RO 22
25 RO 21
26 RO 24
Factory preset
Freq. reference P)
Description
Maximum load 10 mA
0 - 10 V Ri =
200 k  (min)
 20 %, max. load 50 mA
0 - +30 V Ri = 12 k 
Start reverse P)
Fault reset P)
FB Communication Negative
FB Communication Positive
PI actual value P)
0(4) - 20 mA, Ri = 200 
Start forward P)
Preset speed B0 P) 0 - +30 V Ri = 12 k 
Preset speed B1 P) (min)
External fault P)
Output frequency P) 0(4) - 20 mA, RL = 500 
Digital signal out Active = READY P) Open collector, max.
load 48V/50mA
Relay out 1 Active = RUN P)
Max. switching load:
250Vac/2A or 250Vdc/
0,4A
P)
Relay out 2 Active = FAULT
Max. switching load:
250Vac/2A or
250Vdc/0,4A
Table 6.2: Vacon 10 default I/O configuration and connections
P) = Programmable function, see parameter lists and descriptions,
chapters 8 and 9.
ON
OFF
Figure 6.1: Vacon 10 I/O
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
6
40
• vacon
vacon 10 api
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
6
control panel
vacon
• 41
7. CONTROL PANEL
7.1 General
The panel is an irremovable part of the drive consisting of corresponding control
board; The overlay with display status on the cover and the button are in clarifications in the user language.
The User Panel consists of an alphanumeric LCD display with backlight and a keypad
with the 9 push buttons (see Figure 7.1).
7.2 Display
The display includes 14-segment and 7-segment blocks, arrowheads and clear text
unit symbols. The arrowheads, when visible, indicate some information about the
drive, which is printed in clear text in user language on the overlay (numbers 1…14
in the figure below). The arrowheads are grouped in 3 groups with the following
meanings and English overlay texts (see Figure 7.1):
Group 1 - 5; Drive status
1 = Drive is ready to start (READY)
2 = Drive is running (RUN)
3 = Drive has stopped (STOP)
4 = Alarm condition is active (ALARM)
5 = Drive has stopped due to a fault (FAULT)
Group 6 - 10; Control selections
6 = Motor is rotating forward (FWD)
7 = Motor is rotating reverse (REV)
8 = I/O terminal block is the selected control place (I / O)
9 = Keypad is the selected control place (KEYPAD)
10 = Fieldbus is the selected control place (BUS)
Group 11 - 14; Navigation main menu
11 = Reference main menu (REF)
12 = Monitoring main menu (MON)
13 = Parameter main menu (PAR)
14 = System main menu (SYS)
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
7
42 • vacon
control panel
1
11
2
3
4
READY
RUN
STOP ALARM
FWD
REV
I/O
5
FAULT
REF
12 MON
13
PAR
14
SYS
6
7
8
BACK
RESET
KEYPAD
9
BUS
10
LOC
REM
OK
Figure 7.1: Vacon 10 Control panel
7.3 Keypad
The keypad section of the control panel consists of 9 buttons (see Figure 7.1). The
buttons and their functions are described as Table 7.1.
The drive stops by pressing the keypad STOP button.
The drive starts by pressing the keypad START button when the selected control
place is KEYPAD.
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
7
control panel
Symbol
OK
BACK
RESET
LOC
REM
vacon
Button Name
• 43
Function Description
Start
Motor START from the panel
STOP
Motor STOP from the panel
OK
Used for confirmation.
Enter edit mode for parameter
Alternate in display between the
parameter value and parameter code.
Reference frequency value adjusting no
need to press OK-button to confirm
Back / Reset
Cancels edited parameter
Move backwards in menu levels
Reset fault indication
Up and Down
Select root parameter number on rootparameter list, Up decrease / Down
increase parameter number,
Up increase / Down decrease parameter value change
Left and Right
Available in REF,PAR and SYS menu
parameter digit setting when changing
value
MON,PAR and SYS can also use left and
right button to navigate the parameter
group, like in MON menu use right button from V1.x to V2.x to V3.x
Can be used to change direction in REF
menu in local mode:
- Right arrow would mean reverse (REV)
- Left arrow would mean forward (FWD)
Loc / Rem
Change control place
Table 7.1: Keypad Function
NOTE! The status of all the 9 buttons are available for application program!
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
7
44 • vacon
control panel
7.4 Navigation on the Vacon 10 control panel
This chapter provides you with information on navigating the menus on Vacon 10 and
editing the values of the parameters.
7.4.1 Main menu
The menu structure of Vacon 10 control software consists of a main menu and several submenus. Navigation in the main menu is shown below:
REFERENCE
MENU
Dispalys the
keypad reference
value
regardless of
the selected
contron place.
RE AD Y
RU N
RE ADY
S TO P A L AR M FA U LT
R UN
S T OP A L AR M FA U LT
RE F
RE F
M ON
OK
OK
MON
PA R
PA R
SYS
PRES S SYS
Hz
F WD
R EV
I/O
K E Y PA D
Hz
F WD
BUS
R EV
I/O
K EY PA D
BUS
PRES S
MONITORING
REF
MENU
In this menu
you can
browse the
monitoring
values.
R EAD Y
R UN
S T OP A L A R M FA U LT
R EAD Y
RUN
ST O P A LA R M FA U L T
REF
MO N
OK
M ON
PA R
PA R
PRES S SYS
SYS
FWD
R EV
I/O
K EY PA D
FW D
BU S
R EV
I/O
K EY PA D
BUS
PRES S
PARAMETER
R EF
MENU
In this menu
you can
browse and
edit the
parameters.
R E AD Y
RU N
S TO P A L A R M F A U LT
R E AD Y
RUN
S TO P A L A R M F A U LT
R EF
OK
MO N
PA R
MO N
PA R
PRES S SYS
SYS
FWD
RE V
I/O
K E YP A D
FWD
BUS
REV
I/O
K E YP A D
BU S
PRES S
SYSTEM
MENU
Here you will be
able to browse
system parameter
and fault
submenu.
RE ADY
RU N
S TO P A L AR M F A U LT
R EA D Y
RU N
ST O P A L AR M FA U LT
R EF
R EF
MON
OK
PA R
MO N
PA R
PRES S SYS
SYS
F WD
RE V
I/O
K E YP A D
BU S
FW D
REV
I/ O
K E YP A D
B US
Figure 7.2: The main menu of Vacon 10
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
7
control panel
vacon
• 45
7.4.2 Reference menu
RE ADY
R UN
S TOP ALAR M FAULT
RE F
MON
PA R
SYS
Hz
F WD
REV
I/O
KEY PA D
B US
OK
Press to enter
edit mode
Change
value
Figure 7.3: Reference menu display
Move to the reference menu with the UP / DOWN button (see Figure 7.2).
The reference value can be changed with UP / DOWN button as shown in Figure 7.3.
If the value has big change, first press Left and Right buttons to select the digit which
has to be changed, then press Up button to increase and Down button to decreases
the value in the selected digit. When the drive is in run mode, the reference value
changed by Up/Down/Left/Right button will take effective no need to press OK button.
Note! LEFT and RIGHT buttons can be used to change the direction in
Ref menu in local control mode.
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
7
46 • vacon
control panel
7.4.3 Monitoring menu
RE ADY
RU N S TO P ALA RM FAULT
RE ADY
RE F
RE F
M ON
M ON
PAR
PAR
SYS
SYS
FWD
R EV
I/O
K EY PAD
BUS
FWD
RU N S TO P ALA RM FAULT
R EV
I/O
K EY PAD
BUS
OK
1
Press OK to enter
Monitoring menu
RE ADY
2
RU N S TO P ALA RM FAULT
Press Left/Right to browse
other Monitoring groups
RE ADY
RU N S TO P ALA RM FAULT
RE F
RE F
M ON
M ON
PAR
PAR
SYS
SYS
FWD
R EV
I/O
K EY PAD
BUS
FWD
R EV
I/O
K EY PAD
BUS
OK
3
Prsess Down to
browse V4.5
RE ADY
RU N
4
Preess OK the value is
displayed
5
Press OK V4.5 is display
S TO P ALA RM FAULT
RE F
M ON
OK
PAR
SYS
FWD
R EV
I/O
K EY PAD
BUS
Figure 7.4: Monitoring menu display
Monitoring values are actual values of measured signals as well as status of some
control settings. It is visible in Vacon 10 display, but it can not be edited. The monitoring values are listed in Table 7.2.
Pressing Left/Right button to change the actual parameter to the first parameter of
the next group, to browse monitor menu from V1.x to V2.1 to V4.1. After entering the
desired group, the monitoring values can be browsed by pressing UP /DOWN button,
as shown in Figure 7.4.
In MON menu the selected signal and its value are alternateing in the display by
pressing OK button.
Note! Turn on drive power, arrowhead of main menu is at MON, V x.x
or monitor parameter value of Vx.x is displayed in Panel.
Display Vx.x or monitor parameter value of Vx.x is determined
by the last show status before power shut down. E.g., it was
V4.5, and it is also V4.5 when restart.
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
7
control panel
vacon
Code
Monitoring signal
Unit
ID
V1.1
Output frequency
Hz
1
Output frequency to motor
• 47
Description
Hz
25
Frequency reference to motor control
rpm
2
Calculated motor speed
Motor current
A
3
Measured motor current
V1.5
Motor torque
%
4
Calculated actual / nominal torque
of the motor
V1.6
Motor Power
%
5
Calculated actual / nominal power
of the motor
V1.7
Motor voltage
V
6
Motor voltage
V1.8
DC-link voltage
V
7
Measured DC-link voltage
V1.9
Drive temperature
°C
8
Heatsink temperature
V1.2
Frequency reference
V1.3
Motor speed
V1.4
V1.10
Motor temperature
%
9
Calculated motor temperature
V2.1
Analog input 1
%
59
AI1 signal range in percent of used
range
V2.2
Analog input 2
%
60
AI2 signal range in percent of used
range
V2.3
Analog output
%
81
AO signal range in percent of used
range
V2.4
Digital input status DI1,
DI2, DI3
15
Digital input status
V2.5
Digital input status DI4,
DI5, DI6
16
Digital input status
V2.6
RO1, RO2, DO
17
Relay / digital output status
V4.1
PI setpoint
%
20
Regulator setpoint
V4.2
PI feedback value
%
21
Regulator actual value
V4.3
PI error
%
22
Regulator error
V4.4
PI output
%
23
Regulator output
Table 7.2: Vacon 10 monitoring signals
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
7
48 • vacon
control panel
7.4.4 Parameter menu
In Parameter menu only the Quick setup parameter list is shown as default. By giving
the value 0 to the parameter 17.2, it is possible to open other advanced parameter
groups. The parameter lists and descriptions can be found in chapters 8 and 9.
The following figure shows the parameter menu view:
RE ADY
RU N
S TO P A LAR M FA U LT
RE F
RE F
M ON
M ON
PA R
PA R
SYS
SYS
F WD
R EV
I/O
K EY PA D
RE ADY
RU N
F WD
R EV
BUS
S TO P A LA R M FA U LT
I/O
K EY PA D
BUS
OK
2
1 Press OK to enter Pa r. menu
R E AD Y
RU N
S TO P A LAR M FA U LT
RE F
RE F
M ON
M ON
PA R
Press Right to browse
otherPar. group
RE AD Y
RU N
F WD
R EV
S TO P A LAR M FA ULT
PA R
SYS
SYS
F WD
R EV
I/O
K EY PA D
BUS
I/O
K EY PA D
BUS
OK
3
4 Press OK button to enter
edit mode
Press down button to
browse P3.4
RE ADY
RU N
S TO P A LAR M FA ULT
RE F
M ON
OK
PA R
F WD
5
6 Press OK to confirm
Hz
SYS
R EV
I/O
K EY PA D
BUS
Press Up / Down to change value
Figure 7.5: Parameter menu
The parameter can be changed as the Figure 7.5.
Left / Right button is available inside Parameter menu. Pressing Left / Right button
to change the actual parameter to the first parameter of the next group (Example:
any parameter of P1… is displayed -> RIGHT button -> P2.1 is displayed -> RIGHT button -> P3.1 is displayed …). After entering the desired group, pressing UP / DOWN
button to select root parameter number, and then press OK button to display the value of the parameter and also enter edit mode.
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
7
control panel
vacon
• 49
In edit mode, Left and Right buttons are used to select the digit which has to be
changed, and Up increases / Down decreases parameter value.
In edit mode, the value of Px.x is displayed blinkingly in the panel. After about 10 s,
Px.x is displayed in the panel again if you don't press any button.
Note! In edit mode, if you edit the value and don't press OK button, the
value isn't changed successfully.
In edit mode, if you don't edit the value, you can press Reset /
Back button to display Px.x again.
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
7
50 • vacon
control panel
7.4.5 System menu
SYS menu including fault submenu and system parameter submenu, and the display
and operation of the system parameter submenu is similar to PAR menu or MON
menu.In system parameter submenu, there are some editable parameter (P) and
some uneditable parameter (V).
The Fault submenu of SYS menu includes active fault submenu and fault history submenu.
READY RU N
STOP ALARM FAULT
READY RU N
REF
REF
MON
MON
PAR
STOP ALARM FAULT
PAR
SYS
SYS
FWD
R EV
I/O
K EYPAD
BUS
FWD
R EV
I/O
K EYPAD
BUS
OK
2 Press Left/Right button
to browse other groups
1 Press OK to enter V1.1
READY RU N STOP ALARM FAULT
READY RU N STOP ALA RM FAULT
REF
REF
MON
MON
PAR
PAR
SYS
SYS
FWD
R EV
I/O
K EYPAD
BUS
FWD
R EV
I/O
K EYPAD
BUS
OK
3
Press down to browse
other active faults
4 Press OK to select one fault
to browse its time
READY RU N STOP ALARM FAULT
REF
5 Browse for fault code(C xx),
subcode(Id xx), days(d xx),
hours(H xx), minutes(M xx)
MON
PAR
SYS
FWD
R EV
I/O
K EYPAD
BUS
Figure 7.6: Fault menu
In active fault situation, FAULT arrow is blinking and the display is blinking active
fault menu item with fault code. If there are several active faults, you can check it by
entering the active fault submenu F5.x. F5.1 is always the latest active fault code. The
active faults can be reset by pressing BACK / RESET button with long time (>2 s),
when the API is in active fault submenu level (F5.x). If the fault cannot be reset, the
blinking continues. It is possible to select other display menus during active fault, but
in this case the display returns automatically to the fault menu if no button is pressed
in 10 seconds. The fault code, subcode and the operating day, hour and minute values at the fault instant are shown in the value menu (operating hours = displayed
reading).
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
7
control panel
vacon
• 51
Note! Fault History can be reset by long pressing the BACK / RESET
button for 5 second time,when the API is in fault history submenu level (F6.x), it will also clear all active faults.
See Chapter5 for fault descriptions
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
7
52 • vacon
control panel
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
7
parameters
vacon
• 53
8. STANDARD APPLICATION PARAMETERS
On the next pages you can find the lists of parameters within the respective parameter groups. The parameter descriptions are given in Chapter 9 .
Explanations:
Code:
Location indication on the keypad; Shows the operator the present
Monitoring value number or Parameter number
Parameter:
Name of monitoring value or parameter
Min:
Minimum value of parameter
Max:
Maximum value of parameter
Unit:
Unit of parameter value; given if available
Default:
Factory preset value
ID:
ID number of the parameter (used with fieldbus control)
More information on this parameter available in chapter 9: ‘Parami
eter descriptions’ click on the parameter name.
Modifiable only in stop state
NOTE: This manual is for Vacon 10 standard application only. please download the
appropriate user manuals on http://www.vacon.com -> Support & Download if
special application details needed.
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
8
54
• vacon
parameters
8.1 Quick setup parameters (Virtual menu, shows when par. 17.2 = 1)
Code
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Default
ID
P1.1
Motor nominal
voltage
180
690
V
Varies
110
Check rating plate on the
motor.
P1.2
Motor nominal
frequency
Hz
50,00 /
60,00
111
Check rating plate on the
motor.
P1.3
Motor nominal
speed
30
20000
rpm
1440 /
1720
112
Default applies for a 4pole motor.
P1.4
Motor nominal
current
0,2 x
INunit
2,0 x
INunit
A
INunit
113
Check rating plate on the
motor.
0,30
1,00
0,85
120
Check rating plate on the
motor.
0,2 x
INunit
2,0 x
INunit
1,5 x
INunit
107
Maximum motor current
P1.5
Motor cos

30,00 320,00
(Power Factor)
i
P1.7
Current limit
A
Note
P1.15
Torque boost
0
1
0
109
0 = Not used
1 = Used
i
P2.1
Remote control
place selection
0
1
0
172
0 = I / O terminal
1 = Fieldbus
i
P2.2
Start function
0
1
0
505
0 = Ramp
1 = Flying start
i
P2.3
Stop function
0
1
0
506
0 = Coasting
1 = Ramp
P3.1
Min frequency
0,00
P3.2
Hz
0,00
101
Minimum freq reference
Hz
50,00 /
60,00
102
Maximum freq reference
117
1 = Preset speed 0-7
2 = Keypad
3 = Fieldbus
4 = AI1
5 = AI2
6 = PI
i
P3.2
Max frequency
P3.1 320,00
i
P3.3
Remote Control
Place frequency
reference selection
i
i
P3.4
Preset speed 0
P3.1
P3.2
Hz
5,00
180
Activated by digital inputs
P3.5
Preset speed 1
P3.1
P3.2
Hz
10,00
105
Activated by digital inputs
i
P3.6
Preset speed 2
P3.1
P3.2
Hz
15,00
106
Activated by digital
inputs
i
P3.7
Preset speed 3
P3.1
P3.2
Hz
20,00
126
Activated by digital
inputs
1
6
4
Table 8.1: Quick setup parameters
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
8
parameters
vacon
Min
Max
Unit
Default
ID
• 55
Code
Parameter
P4.2
Acceleration time
1
0,1
3000,0
s
3,0
103
Acceleration time from
0 Hz to maximum
frequency.
Note
P4.3
Deceleration time
1
0,1
3000,0
s
3,0
104
Deceleration time from
maximum frequency to
0 Hz.
P6.1
AI1 Signal range
0
1
0
379
0 = 0 - 100%
1 = 20% - 100%
20% is the same as 2 V
minimum signal level.
P6.5
AI2 Signal range
0
1
0
390
0 = 0 - 100%
1 = 20% - 100%
20% is the same as 4 mA
minimum signal level.
P14.1
Automatic reset
0
1
0
731
0 = Disable
1 = Enable
P17.2
Parameter
conceal
0
1
1
115
0 = All parameters visible
1 = Only quick setup
parameter group visible
Table 8.1: Quick setup parameters
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
8
56
• vacon
parameters
8.2 Motor settings (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P1)
Code
Parameter
Min
Max
P1.1
Motor nominal
voltage
180
690
P1.2
Motor nominal fre30,00 320,00
quency
P1.3
Motor nominal
speed
P1.4
Motor nominal
current
P1.5
Motor cos

30
20000
0,2 x 2,0 x
INunit INunit
0,30
Unit Default
ID
Varies
110
Check rating plate on the
motor
Hz
50,00 /
60,00
111
Check rating plate on the
motor
rpm
1440 /
1720
112
Default applies for a 4-pole
motor.
A
INunit
113
Check rating plate on the
motor
0,85
120
Check rating plate on the
motor
1,5 x
INunit
107 Maximum motor current
1,00
(Power Factor)
i
0,2 x 2,0 x
INunit INunit
Note
V
P1.7
Current limit
A
i
P1.8
Motor control
mode
0
1
0
600
i
P1.9
U / f ratio
0
2
0
0 = Linear
108 1 = Square
2 = Programmable
i
P1.10
Field weakening
point
8,00
320,00
Hz
50,00 /
60,00
602
i
P1.11
Field weakening
10,00 200,00
point voltage
%
100,00
Voltage at field weakening
603 point as % of U
nmot
i
P1.12
U / f mid point
frequency
0,00
P1.10
Hz
50,00 /
60,00
604
i
P1.13
U / f mid point
voltage
0,00
P1.11
%
100,00
Mid point voltage for pro605 grammable U / f as % of
Unmot
i
P1.14 Zero freq voltage 0,00
40,00
%
0,00
i
P1.15
Torque Boost
0
1
i
P1.16
Switching frequency
1,5
16,0
i
P1.17
Brake Chopper
0
2
0
kHz
4,0 / 2,0
0
0 = Frequency control
1 = Open loop speed control
Field weakening point frequency
Mid point frequency for
programmable U / f
Voltage at 0 Hz as % of
606 U
nmot
109
0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled
PWM frequency. If values
601 are higher than default,
reduce the current capacity
0 = Disabled
504 1 = Enabled: Always
2 = Run state
Table 8.2: Motor settings
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
8
parameters
Code
i
P1.19
Parameter
vacon
Min
Motor identification
P1.20 Rs voltage drop
0
Max
Unit Default
1
0,00 100,00
%
ID
• 57
Note
0
0 = Not active
1 = Standstill identification
631
(need run command within
20 s to activate)
0,00
Voltage drop over motor
662 windings as % of Unmot at
nominal current.
i
P1.21
Overvoltage controller
0
2
1
0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled, Standard
607 mode
2 = Enabled, Shock load
mode
i
P1.22
Undervoltage
controller
0
1
1
608
0 = Disable
1 = Enable
P1.23
Sine filter
0
1
0
522
0 = not in use
1 = in use
P1.24
0
65535
28928
Modulator configuration
word:
B1 = discontinuous modulation (DPWMMIN)
B2 = Pulse dropping in
overmodulation
B6 = under modulation
648 B8 = instantaneous DC voltage compensation*
B11 = Low noise
B12 = Dead time compensation*
B13 = Flux error compensation*
*Enable by default
Table 8.2: Motor settings
NOTE! These parameters are shown, when P17.2 = 0.
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
8
58
• vacon
parameters
8.3 Start / stop setup (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P2)
Code
Parameter
Min
i
P2.1
Remote Control
Place Selection
0
Max Unit Default
1
0
172
ID
0 = I / O terminals
1 = Fieldbus
Note
i
P2.2
Start function
0
1
0
505
0 = Ramp
1 = Flying start
i
P2.3
Stop function
0
1
0
506
0 = Coasting
1 = Ramp
i
P2.4
I / O Start / Stop
logic
0
3
2
I / O control
signal 1
0 Forward
300
1 Fwd(edge)
2 Fwd(edge)
3 Start
i
P2.5
Local / Remote
0
1
0
211
0 = Remote control
1 = Local control
P2.6
Keypad control
direction
0
1
0
123
0 = Forward
1 = Reverse
P2.9
Keypad button
lock
0
1
0
15520
I / O control
signal 2
Reverse
Inverted Stop
Rev(edge)
Reverse
0 = unlock all keypad button
1 = Lock/Rem button locked
Table 8.3: Start / stop setup
8.4 Frequency references (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P3)
Code
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
Default
ID
P3.1
Min frequency
0,00
P3.2
Hz
0,00
101
Minimum allowed
frequency reference
P3.2
Max frequency
P3.1
320,00
Hz
50,00 /
60,00
102
Maximum allowed
frequency reference
i
P3.3
Remote Control
Place frequency
reference
selection
i
P3.4
Preset speed 0
P3.1
P3.2
Hz
5,00
180 Activated by digital inputs
i
P3.5
Preset speed 1
P3.1
P3.2
Hz
10,00
105 Activated by digital inputs
i
P3.6
Preset speed 2
P3.1
P3.2
Hz
15,00
106 Activated by digital inputs
i
P3.7
Preset speed 3
P3.1
P3.2
Hz
20,00
126 Activated by digital inputs
i
P3.8
Preset speed 4
P3.1
P3.2
Hz
25,00
127 Activated by digital inputs
i
P3.9
Preset speed 5
P3.1
P3.2
Hz
30,00
128 Activated by digital inputs
i
P3.10
Preset speed 6
P3.1
P3.2
Hz
40,00
129 Activated by digital inputs
i
P3.11
Preset speed 7
P3.1
P3.2
Hz
50,00
130 Activated by digital inputs
1
6
4
Note
1 = Preset speed 0-7
2 = Keypad
3 = Fieldbus
117
4 = AI1
5 = AI2
6 = PI
Table 8.4: Frequency references
NOTE! These parameters are shown, when P17.2 = 0.
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
8
parameters
vacon
• 59
8.5 Ramps and brakes setup (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P4)
Code
Parameter
Min
Max
ID
Note
i
P4.1
Ramp S-shape
0,0
10,0
s
0,0
500
0 = Linear
>0 = S-curve ramp time
i
P4.2 Acceleration time 1
0,1
3000,0
s
3,0
Defines the time
required for the output
103 frequency to increase
from zero frequency to
maximum frequency.
i
P4.3 Deceleration time 1
0,1
3000,0
s
3,0
Defines the time required
for the output frequency
104 to decrease from maximum frequency to zero
frequency.
i
P4.4
0,0
10,0
s
0,0
501 See the parameter P4.1
i
P4.5 Acceleration time 2
0,1
3000,0
s
10,0
502 See the parameter P4.2
i
P4.6 Deceleration time 2
0,1
3000,0
s
10,0
503 See the parameter P4.3
i
P4.7
Flux Braking
0
3
P4.8
Flux Braking
Current
0,5 x
INunit
2,0 x
INunit
P4.9
DC Braking Current
0,3 x
INunit
2,0 x
INunit
i
P4.10
Stop DC current
time
0,00
600,00
i
P4.11
Stop DC current
frequency
0,10
i
P4.12
Start DC current
time
0,00
Ramp S-shape 2
Unit Default
0
520
0 = Off
1 = Deceleration
2 = Chopper
3 = Full Mode
A
INunit
519
Defines the current level
for flux braking.
A
INunit
Defines the current
507 injected into the motor
during DC brakeing.
s
0,00
Determines if braking
is ON or OFF and the
braking time of the
508
DC-brake when the
motor is stopping.
0,00 = Not active
10,00
Hz
1,50
The output frequency at
515 which the DC-braking is
applied.
600,00
s
0,00
516 0,00 = Not active
Table 8.5: Ramps and brakes setup
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
8
60
• vacon
parameters
8.6 Digital inputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P5)
Code
i
i
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit Default
ID
Note
P5.1 I / O control signal 1
0
6
1
0 = Not used
1 = DI1
2 = DI2
403 3 = DI3
4 = DI4
5 = DI5
6 = DI6
P5.2 I / O control signal 2
0
6
2
404 As parameter 5.1
P5.3
Reverse
0
6
0
412 As parameter 5.1
P5.4
Ext. fault Close
0
6
6
405 As parameter 5.1
P5.5
Ext. fault Open
0
6
0
406 As parameter 5.1
P5.6
Fault reset
0
6
3
414 As parameter 5.1
P5.7
Run enable
0
6
0
407 As parameter 5.1
P5.8
Preset speed B0
0
6
4
419 As parameter 5.1
P5.9
Preset speed B1
0
6
5
420 As parameter 5.1
P5.10
Preset speed B2
0
6
0
421 As parameter 5.1
P5.11 Ramp time 2 selection
0
6
0
408 As parameter 5.1
P5.12
Disable PI
0
6
0
1020 As parameter 5.1
P5.13
Force to I/O
0
6
0
409 As parameter 5.1
Table 8.6: Digital inputs
8.7 Analogue inputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P6)
Code
Parameter
Min
0
Max
Unit
1
Default
P6.1
AI1 Signal range
P6.2
AI1 Custom min -100,00 100,00
%
0,00
0
P6.3
AI1 Custom max -100,00 300,00
%
100,00
s
0,1
i
i
i
P6.4
AI1 filter time
0,0
10,0
i
P6.5
AI2 signal range
0
1
i
i
P6.6
AI2 Custom min -100,00 100,00
%
0,00
P6.7
AI2 Custom max -100,00 300,00
%
100,00
s
0,1
P6.8
AI2 filter time
0,0
10,0
0
ID
Note
0 = 0 - 100% ( 0 - 10 V)
379
1 = 20% - 100% ( 2 - 10 V)
380 0,00 = no min scaling
381 100,00 = no max scaling
378 0 = no filtering
390
0 = 0 - 100% ( 0 - 20 mA)
1 = 20% - 100% (4 -20 mA)
391 0,00 = no min scaling
392 100,00 = no max scaling
389 0 = no filtering
Table 8.7: Analogue inputs
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
8
parameters
vacon
• 61
8.8 Digital outputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P8)
Code
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit Default
ID
Selections
i
P8.1
RO1 signal
selection
0
11
2
0 = Not used
1 = Ready
2 = Run
3 = Fault
4 = Fault Inverted
5 = Warning
313
6 = Reversed
7 = At Speed
8 = Motor regulator active
9 = FB Control Word.B13
10 = FB Control Word.B14
11 = FB Control Word.B15
i
P8.2
RO2 signal
selcetion
0
11
3
314 As parameter 8.1
i
P8.3
DO1 signal
selcetion
0
11
1
312 As parameter 8.1
P8.4
RO2 inversion
0
1
0
1588
0 = No inversion
1 = Inverted
Table 8.8: Digital outputs
8.9 Analogue outputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P9)
Code
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit Default
ID
Selections
i
P9.1
Analog output
signal selection
0
4
1
0 = Not used
1 = Output freq. (0-fmax)
307 2 = Output current (0-InMotor)
3 = Motor torque (0-TnMotor)
4 = PI output (0 - 100%)
i
P9.2
Analog output
minimum
0
1
0
310
0 = 0 mA
1 = 4 mA
Table 8.9: Analogue outputs
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
8
62
• vacon
parameters
8.10 Protections (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P13)
Code
Parameter
P13.1
Analog Input low
fault
0
2
1
0 = No action
700 1 = Alarm
2 = Fault: Coast
P13.2
Under voltage
fault
1
2
2
727
P13.3
Earth fault
0
2
2
703 As parameter 13.1
0
2
2
702 As parameter 13.1
P13.4 Output Phase Fault
i
Min
Max
Unit
Default
ID
Note
1 = No response (no fault
generated but drive still
stops modulation)
2 = Fault:Coast
P13.5
Stall protection
0
2
0
709 As parameter 13.1
P13.6
Under load protection
0
2
0
713 As parameter 13.1
P13.7
Motor thermal
protection
0
2
2
704 As parameter 13.1
i
P13.8
Mtp:Ambient
temperature
-20
100
°C
40
705
i
P13.9
Mtp:Zero speed
cooling
0,0
150,0
%
40,0
i
Mtp:Thermal time
P13.10
constant
1
200
min
45
707
FWD/REV conflict
supervision
0
2
1
1463 Same as P13.1
i
i
P13.23
Environment temperation
706 Cooling as % at 0 speed
Motor thermal time constant
Table 8.10: Protections
NOTE! These parameters are shown, when P17.2 = 0.
8.11 Fault autoreset parameters (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P14)
Code
i
i
Parameter
P14.1 Automatic Reset
Min
Max
0
1
Unit Default ID
0
731
Note
0 = Disabled
1 = Enable
P14.2
Wait time
0,10
10,00
s
0,50
717 Waiting time after fault
P14.3
Trial time
0,00
60,00
s
30,00
718 Maximum time for trials
0
2
2
0 = Ramping
719 1 = Flying
2 = From Start Function
P14.5 Restart Function
Table 8.11: Fault autoreset parameters
NOTE! These parameters are shown, when P17.2 = 0.
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
8
parameters
vacon
• 63
8.12 PI control parameters (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P15)
Code
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit Default
ID
Note
0 = Fixed setpoint %
1 = AI1
332
2 = AI2
3 = Fiel-bus (ProcessDataIn1)
P15.1
Setpoint source
selection
0
3
P15.2
Fixed setpoint
0,0
100,0
0
2
50,0
%
0,0
336 Value at minimum signal
337 Value at maximum signal
Feedback
P15.4
source selection
0
%
50,0
167 Fixed setpoint
0 = AI1
334 1 = AI2
2 = Field-bus (Process-DataIn2)
1
P15.5
Feedback value
minumum
0,0
i
P15.6
Feedback value
maximum
10,0
300,0
%
100,0
i
i
P15.7
P gain
0,0
1000,0
%
100,0
118 Proportional gain
P15.8
I time
0,00
320,00
s
10,00
119 Integrative time
i
P15.10 Error inversion
0
1
0 = Direct (Feedback < Setpoint ->Increase PID output)
340
1 = Inverted (Feedback >
Setpoint -> Decrease PID
output)
0
Table 8.12: PI control parameters
NOTE! These parameters are shown, when P17.2 = 0.
8.13 Application Setting (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P17)
Code
i
Parameter
P17.1 Application Type
P17.2
Parameter
conceal
Min
Max
Unit
Default
ID
Note
0
3
0
0 = Basic
1 = Pump
2 = Fan drive
540
3 = High Torque
NOTE! Visible only when
Startup wizard is active.
0
1
1
0 = All parameters visible
115 1 = Only quick setup
parameter group visible
Table 8.13: Application Setting parameters
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
8
64
• vacon
parameters
8.14 System parameters
Code
Parameter
Min Max Default
ID
Note
Software information (MENU PAR -> V1)
V1.1
API SW ID
V1.2
API SW version
2314
835
V1.3
Power SW ID
2315
V1.4
Power SW version
834
V1.5
Application ID
837
V1.6
Application revision
838
V1.7
System load
839
Fieldbus parameter (MENU PAR ->V2)
V2.1
Communication status
P2.2
Fieldbus protocol
0
1
P2.3
Slave address
1
255
808
Status of Modbus
communication.
Format: xx.yyy
where xx = 0 - 64
(Number of error
messages)
yyy = 0 - 999 (Number
of good messages)
0
809
0 = Not used
1 = Modbus used
1
810
P2.4
Baud rate
0
5
5
811
0 = 300
1 = 600
2 = 1200
3 = 2400
4 = 4800
5 = 9600
P2.7
Communication time out
0
255
10
814
1 = 1 sec
2 = 2 secs, etc
P2.8
Reset communication
status
0
1
0
815
Table 8.14: System parameters
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
8
parameters
Code
Parameter
vacon
Min Max Default
ID
• 65
Note
Other information
V3.1
MWh counter
827
V3.2
Power on days
828
V3.3
Power on hours
829
V3.4
Run counter: Days
840
V3.5
Run counter: Hours
841
V3.6
Fault counter
842
P4.2
Restore factory defaults
F5.x
Active Fault menu
F6.x
Fault History menu
0
1
0
831
Million Watt Hour
1 = Restores factory
defaults for all parameters
Table 8.14: System parameters
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
8
66
• vacon
parameters
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
8
parameter descriptions
vacon
• 67
9. PARAMETER DESCRIPTIONS
On the next pages you can find the descriptions of certain parameters. The descriptions have been arranged according to parameter group and number.
9.1 Motor settings (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P1)
1.7
CURRENT LIMIT
This parameter determines the maximum motor current from the frequency
converter. To avoid motor overload, set this parameter according to the rated
current of the motor. The current limit is equal to (1.5*In) by default.
1.8
MOTOR CONTROL MODE
With this parameter the user can select the motor control mode. The selections are:
0 = Frequency control:
Drive frequency reference is set to output frequency without slip compensation. Motor actual speed is finally defined by motor load.
1 = Open loop speed control:
Drive frequency reference is set to motor speed reference. The motor
speed remains the same regardless of motor load. Slip is compensated.
1.9
U / F RATIO
There are three selections for this parameter:
0 = Linear:
The voltage of the motor changes linearly with the frequency in the
constant flux area from 0 Hz to the field weakening point where the
field weakening point voltage is supplied to the motor. Linear U / f ratio
should be used in constant torque applications. See Figure 9.1.
This default setting should be used if there is no special need for another setting.
24-hour support +358 (0) 201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
9
68
• vacon
parameter descriptions
1 = Square:
The voltage of the motor changes following a squared curve form with
the frequency in the area from 0 Hz to the field weakening point where
the field weakening point voltage is also supplied to the motor. The
motor runs under magnetised below the field weakening point and
produces less torque, power losses and electromechanical noise.
Squared U / f ratio can be used in applications where torque demand
of the load is proportional to the square of the speed, e.g. in centrifugal
fans and pumps.
U[V]
Un
Pa r. 1.11
Default: Nominal
voltage of the motor
Field weakening
point
Linear
Squared
Pa r. 1.14
Default: Nominal
frequency of the
motor
f[Hz]
Pa r. 1.10
Figure 9.1: Linear and squared change of motor voltage
2 = Programmable U / f curve:
The U / f curve can be programmed with three different points. Programmable U / f curve can be used if the other settings do not satisfy
the needs of the application.
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
9
parameter descriptions
vacon
• 69
U [V ]
Un
P a r. 1.11
D efault: N om inal
voltage of the m otor
Field w eakening
point
P a r. 1.13
D efault: N om inal
frequency of the
m otor
P a r. 1.14
P a r. 1.12
f[H z]
P a r. 1.10
Figure 9.2: Programmable U / f curve
1.10 FIELD WEAKENING POINT
The field weakening point is the output frequency at which the output voltage
reaches the value set with par. 1.11.
1.11 FIELD WEAKENING POINT VOLTAGE
Above the frequency at the field weakening point, the output voltage remains
at the value set with this parameter. Below the frequency at the field weakening point, the output voltage depends on the setting of the U / f curve parameters. See parameters 1.9-1.14 and Figures 9.1 and 9.2.
When the parameters 1.1 and 1.2 (nominal voltage and nominal frequency of
the motor) are set, the parameters 1.10 and 1.11 are automatically given the
corresponding values. If you need different values for the field weakening
point and the voltage, change these parameters after setting the parameters
1.1 and 1.2.
1.12 U / F MIDDLE POINT FREQUENCY
If the programmable U / f curve has been selected with the parameter 1.9, this
parameter defines the middle point frequency of the curve. See Figure 9.2.
1.13 U / F MIDDLE POINT VOLTAGE
If the programmable U / f curve has been selected with the parameter 1.9, this
parameter defines the middle point voltage of the curve. See Figure 9.2.
1.14 ZERO FREQUENCY VOLTAGE
This parameter defines the zero frequency voltage of the curve. See Figures
9.1 and 9.2.
24-hour support +358 (0) 201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
9
70
• vacon
parameter descriptions
1.15 TORQUE BOOST
When this parameter has been activated, the voltage to the motor changes automatically with high load torque which makes the motor produce sufficient
torque to start and run at low frequencies. The voltage increase depends on
the motor type and power. Automatic torque boost can be used in applications
with high load torque, e.g. in conveyors.
0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled
Note: In high torque - low speed applications - it is likely that the motor will
overheat. If the motor has to run a prolonged time under these conditions,
special attention must be paid to cooling the motor. Use external cooling for
the motor if the temperature tends to rise too high.
Note: The best performance can be reached by running motor identification,
see par. 1.18.
1.16 SWITCHING FREQUENCY
Motor noise can be minimised using a high switching frequency. Increasing
the switching frequency reduces the capacity of the frequency converter unit.
Switching frequency for Vacon 10: 1.5…16 kHz.
1.17 BRAKE CHOPPER
Note! An internal brake chopper is installed in three phase supply MI2 and MI3
size drives.
0 = Disable (No brake chopper used)
1 = Enable: Always (Used in Run and Stop state)
2 = Enable: Run state (Brake chopper used in Run state)
When the frequency converter is decelerating the motor, the energy stored to the inertia of the motor and the load are fed into an external brake resistor, if the brake
chopper has been activated. This enables the frequency converter to decelerate the
load with a torque equal to that of acceleration (provided that the correct brake resistor has been selected). See separate Brake resistor installation manual.
1.19 MOTOR
IDENTIFICATION
0 = Not active
1 = Standstill identification
When Standstill identification is selected, the drive will perform an ID-run
when it is started from selected control place. Drive has to be started within
20 seconds, otherwise identification is aborted.
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
9
parameter descriptions
vacon
• 71
The drive does not rotate the motor during Standstill identification. When ID
run is ready the drive is stopped. Drive will start normally, when the next start
command is given.
After end the identification, the drive need stop the start command. If control
place is Keypad, user need press stop button. If control place is IO,user need
put DI(Control signal) inactivate. If control place is fieldbus, user need set the
control bit to 0.
The ID run improves the torque calculations and the automatic torque boost
function. It will also result in a better slip compensation in speed control
(more accurate RPM).
The parameters below will change after ID run successfully,
a. P1.8 Motor control mode
b. P1.9 U / f ratio
c. P1.12 U / f mid point frequency
d. P1.13 U / f mid point voltage
e. P1.14 Zero freq voltage
f. P1.19 Motor identification (1->0)
g. P1.20 Rs voltage drop
Note! The nameplate data of the motor has to be set BEFORE doing ID run.
1.21 OVERVOLTAGE CONTROLLER
0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled, Standard mode (Minor adjustments of OP frequency are
made)
2 = Enabled, Shock load mode (Controller adjusts OP freq. up to
max.freq.)
1.22 UNDERVOLTAGE CONTROLLER
0 = Disable
1 = Enable
These parameters allow the under-/overvoltage controllers to be switched
out of operation. This may be useful, for example, if the mains supply voltage
varies more than –15% to +10% and the application will not tolerate this over/undervoltage. In this case, the regulator controls the output frequency taking
the supply fluctuations into account.
When a value other than 0 is selected also the Closed Loop overvoltage
controller becomes active (in Multi-Purpose Control application).
Note! Over-/undervoltage trips may occur when controllers are switched out
of operation.
24-hour support +358 (0) 201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
9
72
• vacon
parameter descriptions
9.2 Start / stop setup (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P2)
2.1
REMOTE CONTROL PLACE SELECTION
With this parameter, the user can select the active control place.Frequency
reference can be selected by Parameter P3.3 The selections are:
0 = I / O terminal
1 = Fieldbus
The priority order of selecting the control place is:
1. Force to I/O when the digital input of P5.13 (Force to I/O) is active.
2. Loc/Rem button or P2.5 (Local/Remote) =1.
3. Determined by P2.1 (Remote Control Place Selection).
Note: You can select control place by pressing Loc / Rem button or with par.
2.5, P2.1 will have no effect in local mode.
Local = Keypad is the control place
Remote = I / O terminal or FieldBus
2.2
START
FUNCTION
The user can select two start functions for Vacon 10 with this parameter:
0 = Ramp start
The frequency converter starts from 0 Hz and accelerates to the set
frequency reference within the set acceleration time (See detailed description: ID103). (Load inertia, torque or starting friction may cause
prolonged acceleration times).
1 = Flying start
The frequency converter is able to start into a running motor by applying small current pulses to motor and searching for the frequency corresponding to the speed the motor is running at. Searching starts from
the maximum frequency towards the actual frequency until the correct value is detected. Thereafter, the output frequency will be increased/decreased to the set reference value according to the set
acceleration/deceleration parameters.
Use this mode if the motor is coasting when the start command is given. With the flying start it is possible to start the motor from actual
speed without forcing the speed to zero before ramping to reference.
2.3
STOP FUNCTION
Two stop functions can be selected in this application:
0 = Coasting
The motor coasts to a halt without control from the frequency converter after the Stop command.
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
9
parameter descriptions
vacon
• 73
1 = Ramping
After the Stop command, the speed of the motor is decelerated according to the set deceleration parameters.
If the regenerated energy is high it may be necessary to use an external braking resistor for to be able to decelerate the motor in acceptable time.
2.4
I / O START STOP LOGIC
Values 0...3 offer possibilities to control the starting and stopping of the AC
drive with digital signal connected to digital inputs. CS = Control signal.
The selections including the text 'edge' shall be used to exclude the possibility
of an unintentional start when, for example, power is connected, re-connected
after a power failure, after a fault reset, after the drive is stopped by Run Enable (Run Enable = False) or when the control place is changed to I / O control.
The Start / Stop contact must be opened before the motor can be started.
Selection
number
Selection name
Note
0
CS1:Forward
CS2:Backward
The functions take place when the contacts are closed.
FWD
Output
frequency
Set
frequency
t
0 Hz
Set
frequency
REV
Run enable
Ctrl signal 1
Ctrl signal 2
Keypad
start button
Keypad
stop button
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Figure 9.3: Start/Stop logic, selection 0
24-hour support +358 (0) 201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
9
74
• vacon
parameter descriptions
Explanations
1
Control signal (CS) 1 actives causing the 8
output frequency to rise. The motor runs
forward.
Run enable signal is set to FALSE, which
drops the frequency to 0.The run enable
signal is configured with par. 5.7.
2
CS2 activates which, however, has no
9
effect on the output frequency because
the first selected direction has the highest priority.
Run enable signal is set to TRUE, which
causes the frequency to rise towards the
set frequency because CS1 is still active.
3
CS1 is inactivated which caused the
10 Keypad stop button is pressed and the
direction to start changing (FWD to REV)
frequency fed to the motor drops to 0.
because CS2 is still active.
4
CS2 inactivates and the frequency fed to 11 The drive starts through pushing the
the motor drops to 0.
Start button on the keypad.
5
CS2 actives again causing the motor to
accelerate (REV) towards the set frequency.
6
CS2 inactivates and the frequency fed to 13 The attempt to start the drive through
the motor drops to 0.
pushing the Start button is not successful because CS1 is inactive.
7
CS1 actives and the motor accelerates
(FWD) towards the set frequency.
12 The keypad stop button is pushed again
to stop the drive.
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
9
parameter descriptions
Selection
number
Selection name
vacon
• 75
Note
CS1:Forward(edge)
CS2:Inverted stop
1
FWD
Output
frequency
Set
frequency
t
0 Hz
Set
frequency
REV
Run enable
Ctrl signal 1
Ctrl signal 2
Keypad
stop button
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Figure 9.4: Start/Stop logic, selection 1
Explanations
1
Control signal (CS) 1 actives causing the 6
output frequency to rise. The motor runs
forward.
CS1 activates and the motor accelerates
(FWD) towards the set frequency
because the Run enable signal has been
set to TRUE.
2
CS2 inactivates causing the frequency to 7
drop to 0.
Keypad stop button is pressed and the
frequency fed to the motor drops to 0.
3
CS1 activates causing the output frequency to rise again. The motor runs
forward.
CS1 activates causing the output frequency to rise again. The motor runs
forward.
4
Run enable signal is set to FALSE, which 9
drops the frequency to 0. The run enable
signal is configured with par. 5.7.
5
Start attempt with CS1 is not successful
because Run enable signal is still
FALSE.
8
CS2 inactivates causing the frequency to
drop to 0.
24-hour support +358 (0) 201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
9
76
• vacon
Selection
number
2
FWD
parameter descriptions
Selection name
Note
CS1:Forward(edge)
CS2:Backward(edge)
Shall be used to exclude the possibility of an
unintentional start. The Start / Stop contact must
be opened before the motor can be restarted.
Output
frequency
Set
frequency
t
0 Hz
Set
frequency
REV
Runenable
`
Ctrl signal 1
Ctrl signal 2
Keypad
stop button
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Figure 9.5: Start/Stop logic, selection 2
Explanations:
1
Control signal (CS) 1 actives causing the 7
output frequency to rise. The motor runs
forward.
CS1 activates and the motor accelerates
(FWD) towards the set frequency.
2
CS2 activates which, however, has no
8
effect on the output frequency because
the first selected direction has the highest priority.
CS1 activates and the motor accelerates
(FWD) towards the set frequency
because the Run enable signal has been
set to TRUE.
3
CS1 is inactivated which causes the
9
direction to start changing (FWD to REV)
because CS2 is still active.
CS1 activates again causing the motor to
accelerate (REV) towards the set frequency.
4
CS2 inactivates and the frequency fed to 10 CS1 is opened and closed again which
the motor drops to 0.
causes the motor to start.
5
CS2 activates again causing the motor to 11 CS1 inactivates and the frequency fed to
accelerate (REV) towards the set frethe motor drops to 0.
quency.
6
CS2 inactivates and the frequency fed to
the motor drops to 0.
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
9
parameter descriptions
Selection
number
vacon
Selection name
• 77
Note
CS1:Start
CS2:Reverse
3
FWD
Output
frequency
Set
frequency
t
0 Hz
Set
frequency
REV
Run enable
Ctrl signal 1
Ctrl signal 2
Keypad
start button
Keypad
stop button
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Figure 9.6: Start/Stop logic, selection 3
Explanations:
1
Control signal (CS) 1 actives causing the 7
output frequency to rise. The motor runs
forward.
Run enable signal is set to FALSE, which
drops the frequency to 0.The run enable
signal is configured with par. 5.7.
2
CS2 activates which causes the direction 8
to start changing (FWD to REV).
Run enable signal is set to TRUE, which
causes the frequency to rise towards the
set frequency because CS1 is still active.
3
CS2 is inactivated which causes the
9
direction to start changing (REV to FWD)
because CS1 is still active.
Keypad stop button is pressed and the
frequency fed to the motor drops to 0.
4
Also CS1 inactivates and the frequency
drops to 0.
10 The drive starts through pushing the
Start button on the keypad.
5
Despite the activates of CS2,the motor
does not start because CS1 is inactive.
11 The drive is stopped again with the Stop
button on the Keypad.
6
CS1 activates causing the output frequency to rise again. The motor runs
forward because CS2 is inactive.
12 The attempt to start the drive through
pushing the Start button is not successful because CS1 is inactive.
24-hour support +358 (0) 201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
9
78
• vacon
2.5
parameter descriptions
LOCAL / REMOTE
This parameter defines whether the control place of the drive is remote (I / O
or FieldBus) or local.
0 = Remote Control
1 = Local Control
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
9
parameter descriptions
vacon
• 79
9.3 Frequency references (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P3)
3.3
REMOTE CONTROL PLACE FREQUENCY REFERENCE SELECTION
It defines the selected frequency reference source when the drive is remote
control.
1 = Preset speed 0-7
2 = Keypad reference
3 = Fieldbus Reference
4 = AI1
5 = AI2
6 = PI
3.4 - 3.11 PRESET SPEEDS 0 - 7
Preset speeds 0 - 7 can be used to determine frequency references that are
applied when appropriate combinations of digital inputs are activated. Preset
speeds can be activated from digital inputs when Par.3.3 (Remote control
place frequency reference selection) =1.
Parameter values are automatically limited between the minimum and maximum frequencies. (par. 3.1, 3.2).
Speed
Preset
speed B2
Preset
speed B1
Preset
speed B0
Preset speed 0
Preset speed 1
x
Preset speed 2
x
Preset speed 3
x
Preset speed 4
x
Preset speed 5
x
Preset speed 6
x
x
Preset speed 7
x
x
x
x
x
Table 9.1: Preset speeds 0 - 7
24-hour support +358 (0) 201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
9
80
• vacon
parameter descriptions
9.4 Ramps & brakes setup (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P4)
4.1
RAMP S-SHAPE
The start and end of the acceleration and deceleration ramp can be smoothed
with this parameter. Setting value 0 gives a linear ramp shape which causes
acceleration and deceleration to act immediately to the changes in the reference signal.
Setting value 0.1…10 seconds for this parameter produces an S-shaped acceleration/deceleration. The acceleration and deceleration times are determined
with parameters 4.2 and 4.3.
[Hz]
P4.2, 4.3
P4.1
P4.1
[t]
Figure 9.7: S-shaped acceleration/deceleration
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
ACCELERATION TIME 1
DECELERATION TIME 1
RAMP S-SHAPE 2
ACCELERATION TIME 2
DECELERATION TIME 2
These limits correspond to the time required for the output frequency to accelerate from the zero frequency to the set maximum frequency, or to decelerate from the set maximum frequency to zero frequency.
The user can set two different acceleration/deceleration time and set two different ramp s-shape for one application.The active set can be selected with
the selected digital input (par. 5.11).
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
9
parameter descriptions
4.7
vacon
• 81
FLUX BRAKING
Instead of DC braking, flux braking is a useful form of braking with motors of
max. 15 kW.
When braking is needed, the frequency is reduced and the flux in the motor is
increased, which in turn increases the motor's capability to brake. Unlike DC
braking, the motor speed remains controlled during braking.
0 = Off
1 = Deceleration
2 = Chopper
3 = Full Mode
Note: Flux braking converts the energy into heat at the motor, and should be
used intermittently to avoid motor damage.
4.10 STOP DC
CURRENT TIME
Determines if braking is ON or OFF and the braking time of the DC-brake
when the motor is stopping. The function of the DC-brake depends on the stop
function, par. 2.3.
0 = DC brake is not active
>0 = DC brake is active and its function depends on the Stop function,
(par. 2.3). The DC braking time is determined with this parameter.
Par. 2.3 = 0 (Stop function = Coasting):
After the stop command, the motor coasts to a stop without control from the
frequency converter.
With the DC injection, the motor can be electrically stopped in the shortest
possible time, without using an optional external braking resistor.
The braking time is scaled by the frequency when the DC-braking starts. If the
frequency is greater, or equal to the nominal frequency of the motor, the set
value of parameter 4.10 determines the braking time.When the frequency is
10% of the nominal, the braking time is 10% of the set value of parameter 4.10.
24-hour support +358 (0) 201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
9
82
• vacon
parameter descriptions
fout
fout
fn
fn
Output frequency
Motor speed
Output frequency
Motor speed
0,1 x f n
DC-braking ON
DC-braking ON
t
t
t = 0,1 x par. 4.10
t = 1 x par. 4.10
RUN
RUN
STOP
STOP
Figure 9.8: DC-braking time when Stop mode = Coasting
Par. 2.3 = 1 (Stop function = Ramp):
After the Stop command, the speed of the motor is reduced according to the
set deceleration parameters, if the inertia of the motor and load allows that,
to the speed defined with parameter 4.11, where the DC-braking starts.
The braking time is defined with parameter 4.10. See Figure 9.9.
fout
Motor speed
Output frequency
DC-braking
Par. 4.1 1
t
t = par. 4.10
RUN
STOP
Figure 9.9: DC-braking time when Stop mode = Ramp
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
9
parameter descriptions
vacon
• 83
4.11 STOP DC CURRENT FREQUENCY
It is the output frequency at which the DC-braking is applied.
4.12 START DC CURRENT TIME
DC-brake is activated when the start command is given. This parameter defines the time of the DC-braking. After the brake is released, the output frequency increases according to the set start function by par. 2.2.
Output
frequency
DC-brakin g
current
Par 4.9
t
Pa r4.12
RUN
STOP
Figure 9.10: DC braking time at start
24-hour support +358 (0) 201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
9
84
• vacon
parameter descriptions
9.5 Digital inputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P5)
These parameters are programmed using the FTT-method (Function To Terminal), where you have a fixed input or output that you define a certain function for. You can also define more than one function to a digital input, e.g. Start
signal 1 and Preset Speed B1 to DI1.
The selections for these parameters are:
0 = Not used
1 = DI1
2 = DI2
3 = DI3
4 = DI4
5 = DI5
6 = DI6
5.1
5.2
5.3
I / O CTRL SIGNAL 1
I / O CTRL SIGNAL 2
REVERSE
The digital input only active when P2.4 (I/O Start stop logic) =1
The motor will run in reverse when the rising edge of P5.3 is happened.
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
5.10
5.11
EXTERNAL FAULT CLOSE
EXTERNAL FAULT OPEN
FAULT RESET
RUN ENABLE
PRESET SPEED B0
PRESET SPEED B1
PRESET SPEED B2
RAMP TIME 2 SELECTION
Contact open: Acceleration / Deceleration time 1 and Ramp S-shape
selected
Contact closed: Acceleration / Deceleration time 2 and Ramp S-shape2
selected
Set Acceleration / Deceleration times with parameters 4.2 and 4.3 and the alternative ramp times with 4.4 and 4.5.
Set Ramp S-shape with Par. 4.1 and the alternative Ramp S-shape2 with
Par. 4.4.
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
9
parameter descriptions
vacon
• 85
9.6 Analogue inputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P6)
6.4
6.8
AI1 FILTER TIME
AI2 FILTER TIME
This parameter, given a value greater than 0, activates the function that filters
out disturbances from the incoming analogue signal.
Long filtering time makes the regulation response slower. See Figure 9.11.
%
Unfiltered signal
100%
Filtered signal
63%
t [s]
Par. 6.4
Par. 6.8
Figure 9.11: AI1 and AI2 signal filtering
6.2
6.3
6.6
6.7
AI1 CUSTOM MINIMUM
AI1 CUSTOM MAXIMUM
AI2 CUSTOM MINIMUM
AI2 CUSTOM MAXIMUM
These parameters set the analogue input signal for any input signal span from
-100 to 100%.
24-hour support +358 (0) 201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
9
86
• vacon
parameter descriptions
9.7 Digital outputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P8)
8.1
8.2
8.3
RO1 SIGNAL SELECTION
RO2 SIGNAL SELCETION
DO1 SIGNAL SELCETION
Setting
0 = Not used
1 = Ready
2 = Run
3 = Fault
4 = Fault inverted
Signal content
Output is not in operation.
The frequency converter is ready to operate.
The frequency converter operates (motor is running).
A fault trip has occurred.
A fault trip has not occurred.
5 = Warning
A warning is active.
6 = Reversed
The reverse command has been selected, output frequency to
the motor is negative.
7 = At speed
8 = Motor regulator active
The output frequency has reached the set reference.
Each of motoring current regulator,generating current reg.
,over voltage reg. ,under voltage reg. is active.
9 = FB Control Word.B13
Output can be controlled with B13 in the fieldbus control word.
10 = FB Control Word.B14
Output can be controlled with B14 in the fieldbus control word.
11 = FB Control Word.B15
Output can be controlled with B15 in the fieldbus control word.
Table 9.2: Output signals via RO1, RO2 and DO1
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
9
parameter descriptions
vacon
• 87
9.8 Analogue outputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P9)
9.1
ANALOG OUTPUT SIGNAL SELECTION
0 = Not used
1 = Output frequency (0 - fmax)
2 = Output current (0 - InMotor)
3 = Motor torque (0 - TnMotor)
4 = PID output (0 - 100%)
9.2
ANALOG OUTPUT
0 = 0 mA
1 = 4 mA
MINIMUM
24-hour support +358 (0) 201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
9
88
• vacon
parameter descriptions
9.9 Protections (Control panel:Menu Par->P13)
13.5 STALL PROTECTION
0 = No action
1 = Alarm
2 = Fault, coast
The motor stall protection protects the motor from short time overload situations such as one caused by a stalled shaft. The stall current is InMotor*1.3,
stall time 15 seconds and stall frequency limit 25 Hz . If the current is higher
than the limit and output frequency is lower than the limit, the stall state is
true and the drive reacts according to this parameter. There is actually no real
indication of the shaft rotation.
I
Stall area
Inmotor *1.3
f
25Hz
Figure 9.12: Stall characteristics
13.6 UNDER LOAD PROTECTION
0 = No action
1 = Alarm
2 = Fault, coast
The purpose of the motor underload protection is to ensure that there is load
on the motor when the drive is running. If the motor loses its load there might
be a problem in the process, e.g. a broken belt or a dry pump.
The underload protection time limit is 20 seconds, which is the maximum time
allowed for an underload state to exist before causing a trip according to this
parameter.
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
9
parameter descriptions
vacon
• 89
Torque
Underload curve at
nominal freq. = 50%
Underload curve at
zero freq. = 10%
Underload area
f
5 Hz
Field weakening
point, P1.11
Figure 9.13: Underload protection
13.7 MOTOR THERMAL PROTECTION
0 = No action
1 = Alarm
2 = Fault, coast
If tripping is selected the drive will stop and activate the fault stage, if the temperature of the motor becomes too high. Deactivating the protection, i.e. setting parameter to 0, will reset the thermal model of the motor to 0%.
The motor thermal protection is to protect the motor from overheating. The drive is
capable of supplying higher than nominal current to the motor. If the load requires
this high current there is a risk that the motor will be thermally overloaded. This is
the case especially at low frequencies. At low frequencies the cooling effect of the
motor is reduced as well as its capacity. If the motor is equipped with an external fan
the load reduction at low speeds is small.
The motor thermal protection is based on a calculated model and it uses the output
current of the drive to determine the load on the motor.
The motor thermal protection can be adjusted with parameters. The thermal current
IT specifies the load current above which the motor is overloaded. This current limit
is a function of the output frequency.
CAUTION! The calculated model does not protect the motor if
the airflow to the motor is reduced by blocked air intake grill.
24-hour support +358 (0) 201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
9
90
• vacon
parameter descriptions
13.8 MTP:AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
When the motor ambient temperature must be taken into consideration, it is
recommended to set a value for this parameter. The value can be set between
-20 and 100 degrees Celsius.
13.9 MTP:ZERO SPEED COOLING
The cooling power can be set between 0 - 150.0% x cooling power at nominal
frequency. See Figure 9.14.
Pcooling
O verlo ad area
100%
IT
par. 13.9 = 40%
0
fn
f
Figure 9.14: Motor cooling power
13.10 MTP:THERMAL TIME CONSTANT
This time can be set between 1 and 200 minutes.
This is the thermal time constant of the motor. The bigger the motor, the longer the time constants. The time constant is the time within which the calculated thermal model has reached 63% of its final value.
The motor thermal time is specific to the motor design and it varies between
different motor manufacturers.
If the motor's t6-time (t6 is the time in seconds the motor can safely operate
at six times the rated current) is known (given by the motor manufacturer) the
time constant parameter can be set basing on it. As a rule of thumb, the motor
thermal time constant in minutes equals to 2 x t6. If the drive is in stop state
the time constant is internally increased to three times the set parameter value. See also Figure 9.15.
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
9
parameter descriptions
vacon
• 91
Motor temperature
Trip area
105%
Motor
current
Fault/w arning
activation point,
if selected w ith
par. 13 .7
I/IT
Time cons tant T*)
Motor temperature Q = (I/IT )2 x (1-e-t/T)
Time
*) Changes by motor size and
adjusted with parameter 13. 10
Figure 9.15: Motor temperature calculation
24-hour support +358 (0) 201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
9
92
• vacon
parameter descriptions
9.10 Automatic reset (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P14)
14.1 AUTOMATIC RESET
Activate the Automatic reset after fault with this parameter.
NOTE: Automatic reset is allowed for certain faults only.
Fault: 1. Under voltage
2. Over voltage
3. Over current
4. Motor temperature
5. Under load
14.3 TRIAL TIME
The Automatic restart function restarts the frequency converter when the
faults have disappeared and the waiting time has elapsed.
The time count starts from the first autoreset. If the number of faults occurring during the trial time exceeds three, the fault state becomes active. Otherwise the fault is cleared after the trial time has elapsed and the next fault
starts the trial time count again. See Figure 9.16.
If a single fault remains during the trial time, a fault state is true.
Wait t ime
pa r.1 4.2
Wait time
pa r.1 4.2
Wait t ime
pa r.1 4.2
Fault trigger
Motor stop signal
Restart 1
Restart 2
Motor start signal
Supervis ion
Trial time
par.14.3
Fault active
RESET /
Fault reset
Autoreset function: (Trials = 2)
Figure 9.16: Example of Automatic restarts with two restarts
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
9
parameter descriptions
vacon
• 93
9.11 PI control parameters (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P15)
15.7 P GAIN
This parameter defines the gain of the PI controller. If the value of the parameter is set to 100%, a change of 10% in the error value causes the controller
output to change by 10%.
15.8 I-TIME
This parameter defines the integration time of the PI controller. If this parameter is set to 1,00 second, the controller output is changed by a value corresponding to the output caused from the gain every second. (Gain*Error)/s.
15.9 PID CONTROLLER D-TIME
This parameter defines the derivative time of the PID controller. If this parameter is set to 1,00 second, a change of 10% in the error value causes the controller output to change by 10%.
15.5 FEEDBACK VALUE MINIMUM
15.6 FEEDBACK VALUE MAXIMUM
This parameter sets the minimum and maximum scaling points for feedback
value.
Controller
feedback (%)
par. 15.6
par. 15.5
0V
0 mA
Custom min
par. 6.2 /6.6
Custom max
par. 6.3 /6.7
10V
20mA
Analogue input
with custom
min and max
scaling (%)
Figure 9.17: Feedback minimum and maximum
24-hour support +358 (0) 201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
9
94
• vacon
parameter descriptions
9.12 Application setting (Control panel: Menu PAR->P17)
17.1 DRIVE SETUP
With this parameter you can easily set up your drive for four different applications.
Note! This parameter is only visible when the Startup Wizard is active. The
startup wizard will start in first power-up. It can also be started as follows.
See the figures below.
NOTE! Running the startup wizard will always return all parameter
settings to their factory defaults!
READY
RUN
STO P ALARM
FAU LT
REF
REF
MON
MON
PAR
PAR
SYS
READY
RUN
FWD
REV
S TO P ALARM
FAU LT
SYS
FWD
REV
I/O
KEY PAD
BUS
I/O
KEY PAD
BUS
OK
1
Enter Par. menu, select
P1.3 motor nominal speed
READY
RUN
S TO P ALARM
2
Press OK enter
edit mode
READY
FAU LT
REF
REF
MON
MON
RUN
S TO P ALARM
FAU LT
PAR
PAR
SYS
rpm
SYS
FWD
REV
I/O
KEY PAD
BUS
FWD
REV
I/O
KEY PAD
BUS
OK
3 Change P1.3 value
with Up/Down button
and press OK to
comfirm
4
Perform the same
procedure for P1.4,
motor nominal current
Figure 9.18: Startup wizard
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
9
parameter descriptions
vacon
• 95
READY RUN STOP ALARM FAULT
REF
READY RUN STOP ALARM FAULT
REF
READY RUN STOP ALARM FAULT
REF
MON
MON
MON
PAR
PAR
PAR
SYS
SYS
FWD REV
I/O KEYPAD BUS
SYS
FWD REV
I/O KEYPAD BUS
FWD REV
I/O KEYPAD BUS
OK
1
Startup wizard
showns par 17.1
numbe r.
2
Press OK to enter
edit mode.
Select between
0-3, see below!
3
Selections:
0 = Basic
1 = Pump drive
2 = Fan drive
3 = High Torque drive
Parameters
affected:
P1.7
P1.8
P1.15
P2.2
P2.3
P3.1
P4.2
P4.3
1,5 x
0=
Frequecny
control
0=
Not
used
0=
Ramp
0=
Coast
0 Hz
3s
3s
0=
Frequecny
control
0=
Not
used
0=
Ramp
1=
Ramp
20 Hz
5s
5s
0=
Frequecny
control
0=
Not
used
1=
Flying
0=
Coast
20 Hz
20s
20s
1=Open
loop speed
ontrol
1=
used
0=
Ramp
0=
Coast
0 Hz
1s
1s
INMOT
1,1 x
INMOT
1,1 x
INMOT
1,5 x
INMOT
P1.7 Current limit (A)
P1.8 Motor control mode
P1.15 Torque boost
P2.2 Start function
P2.3
P3.1
P4.2
P4.3
Stop function
Min frequency
Acc. time (s)
Dec time (s)
READY RUN STOP ALARM FAULT
REF
MON
PAR
SYS
FWD REV
I/O KEYPAD BUS
OK
4
Press OK to
confirm
drive setup
Figure 9.19: Drive setup
24-hour support +358 (0) 201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
9
96
• vacon
parameter descriptions
9.13 Modbus RTU
Vacon 10 has a built-in Modbus RTU bus interface. The signal level of the interface
is in accordance with the RS-485 standard.
The built-in Modbus connection of Vacon 10 supports the following function codes:
Function
code
Function name
Address
Broadcast
messages
03
Read Holding Registers
All ID numbers
No
04
Read Input Registers
All ID numbers
No
06
Write Single Registers
All ID numbers
Yes
16
Write multiple registers
All ID numbers
Yes
Table 9.3: Modbus RTU
9.13.1 Termination resistor
The RS-485 bus is terminated with termination resistors of 120 ohms in both ends.
Vacon 10 has a built-in termination resistor which is switched off as a default (presented below). The termination resistor can be switched on and off with the right
hand dip switch located above IO-terminals in the front of the drive (see below).
ON
OFF
Figure 9.20: Vacon 10 I/O
9.13.2 Modbus address area
The Modbus interface of Vacon 10 uses the ID numbers of the application parameters
as addresses. The ID numbers can be found in the parameter tables in chapter 8.
When several parameters / monitoring values are read at a time, they must be consecutive. 11 addresses can be read and the addresses can be parameters or monitoring values.
Note! With some PLC manufacturers, the interface driver for Modbus
RTU communication may contain an offset of 1 (the ID number
to be used would then subtract 1).
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
9
parameter descriptions
vacon
• 97
9.13.3 Modbus process data
Process data is an address area for fieldbus control. Fieldbus control is active when
the value of parameter 2.1 (Control place) is 3 (= fieldbus). The content of the process
data has been determined in the application. The following tables present the process data contents in the General Purpose Application.
ID
Modbus register
Name
Scale
Type
2101
32101, 42101
FB Status Word
-
Binary coded
2102
32102, 42102
FB General Status Word
-
Binary coded
2103
32103, 42103
FB Actual Speed
0,01
%
2104
32104, 42104
Output frequency
0.01
+/- Hz
2105
32105, 42105
Motor speed
1
+/- Rpm
2106
32106, 42106
Motor current
0.01
A
2107
32107, 42107
Motor torque
0,1
+/- % (of nominal)
2108
32108, 42108
Motor power
0,1
+/- % (of nominal)
2109
32109, 42109
Motor voltage
0,1
V
2110
32110, 42110
DC link voltage
1
V
2111
32111, 42111
Active fault code
1
-
Table 9.4: Output process data
ID
Modbus register
Name
Scale
Type
2001
32001, 42001
FB Control Word
-
Binary coded
2002
32002, 42002
FB General Control Word
-
Binary coded
2003
32003, 42003
FB Speed Reference
0,01
%
2004
32004, 42004
Programmable by P15.1
2005
32005, 42005
Programmable by P15.4
2006
32006, 42006
-
-
-
2007
32007, 42007
-
-
-
2008
32008, 42008
-
-
-
2009
32009, 42009
-
-
-
2010
32010, 42010
-
-
-
2011
32011, 42011
-
-
-
Table 9.5: Input process data
Note! 2004 can set as PI Control Reference by setting P15.1(Setpoint selection) or 2005 can be set as PI Actual value by setting P15.4 (Feedback value selection)!
24-hour support +358 (0) 201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
9
98
• vacon
parameter descriptions
Status word (output process data)
Information about the status of the device and messages is indicated in the Status
word. The Status word is composed of 16 bits the meanings of which are described
in the table below:
Bit
Description
Value = 0
Value = 1
Drive not ready
Drive ready
B1, RUN
Stop
Run
B2, DIR
Clockwise
Counter-clockwise
B3, FLT
No fault
Fault active
B4, W
No alarm
Alarm active
B5, AREF
Ramping
Speed reference reached
B6, Z
-
Drive is running at zero speed
B7 - B15
-
-
B0, RDY
Table 9.6: Status word (output process data)
Actual speed (output process data)
This is actual speed of the frequency converter. The scaling is -10000...10000. The
value is scaled in percentage of the frequency area between set minimum and maximum frequency.
Control word (input process data)
The three first bits of the control word are used to control the frequency converter.
By using control word it is possible to control the operation of the drive. The meanings of the bits of control word are explained in the table below:
Bit
Description
Value = 0
Value = 1
B0, RUN
Stop
Run
B1, DIR
Clockwise
Counter-clockwise
B2, RST
Rising edge of this bit will reset active fault
Table 9.7: Control word (input process data)
Speed reference (input process data)
This is the Reference 1 to the frequency converter. Used normally as Speed reference. The allowed scaling is 0...10000. The value is scaled in percentage of the frequency area between the set minimum and maximum frequencies.
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
9
technical data
vacon
• 99
10. TECHNICAL DATA
10.1 Vacon 10 technical data
Input voltage Uin
Mains
connection
Supply network
Motor
connection
Control
characteristics
115 V, -15%...+10% 1~
208…240 V, -15%...+10% 1~
208…240 V, -15%...+10% 3~
380 - 480 V, -15%...+10% 3~
575 V, -15%...+10% 3~
Input frequency
45…66 Hz
Line current THD
> 120%
Connection to mains
Once per minute or less (normal case)
Networks
Vacon 10 (400 V) cannot be used with corner grounded
networks
Short circuit current
Maximum short circuit current has to be < 50 kA.
Output voltage
0 - Uin
Output current
Continuous rated current IN at ambient temperature
max. +50 ºC (depends on the unit size), overload
1.5 x IN max.
1 min / 10 min
Starting current /
torque
Current 2 x IN for 2 sec in every 20 sec period. Torque
depends on motor
Output frequency
0…320 Hz
Frequency resolution
0,01 Hz
Control method
Frequency Control U / f
Open Loop Sensorless Vector Control
Switching frequency
1...16 kHz; Factory default 4 kHz
Frequency reference
Resolution 0.01 Hz
Field weakening point
30…320 Hz
Acceleration time
0.1…3000 sec
Deceleration time
0.1…3000 sec
Braking torque
100%*TN with brake option (only in 3~ drives sizes MI2-5 )
30%*TN without brake option
Table 10.1: Vacon 10 technical data
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
10
100
• vacon
Ambient
conditions
technical data
Ambient operating
temperature
-10 °C (no frost)…+40 / 50°C (depends on the unit size):
rated loadability IN
Side by side installation for MI1-3 it is always 40°C; For
IP21/Nema1 option in MI1-3 the maximum temparture
is also 40 °C.
Storage temperature
-40°C…+70°C
Relative humidity
0…95% RH, non-condensing, non-corrosive, no dripping
water
Air quality:
- chemical vapours
- mech. particles
IEC 721-3-3, unit in operation, class 3C2
IEC 721-3-3, unit in operation, class 3S2
Altitude
100% load capacity (no derating) up to 1000 m. 1% derating for each 100 m above 1000 m; max. 2000 m
Vibration:
EN60068-2-6
3...150 Hz
Displacement amplitude 1(peak) mm at 3...15.8 Hz Max
acceleration amplitude 1 G at 15.8...150 Hz
Shock
IEC 68-2-27
UPS Drop Test (for applicable UPS weights)
Storage and shipping: max 15 G, 11 ms (in package)
Enclosure class
IP20 / IP21 / Nema1 for MI1-3
Pollution degree
PD2
Immunity
Complies with EN50082-1, -2, EN61800-3
Emissions
230V: Complies with EMC category C2; With an internal
RFI filter
400V: Complies with EMC category C2; With an internal
RFI filter
Both: No EMC emission protection (Vacon level N): Without RFI filter
EMC
Standards
For EMC: EN61800-3
For safety: UL508C, EN61800-5
Certificates
and manufacturer’s declarations of
conformity
For safety: CE, UL, cUL
For EMC: CE
(see unit nameplate for more detailed approvals)
Table 10.1: Vacon 10 technical data
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
10
technical data
vacon
• 101
10.2 Power ratings
10.2.1 Vacon 10 – Mains voltage 208-240 V
Mains voltage 208-240 V, 50/60 Hz, 1~ series
Rated loadability
Freq.
converter
type
100% contin. 150% overcurrent IN [A] load current
[A]
Motor shaft
power
Nominal
input
current
P
[HP]
P
[KW]
[A]
Mechanical Weight
size
(kg)
0001
1.7
2.6
0.33
0.25
4.2
MI1
0.55
0002
2.4
3.6
0.5
0.37
5.7
MI1
0.55
0003
2.8
4.2
0.75
0.55
6.6
MI1
0.55
0004
3.7
5.6
1
0.75
8.3
MI2
0.7
0005
4.8
7.2
1.5
1.1
11.2
MI2
0.7
0007
7
10.5
2
1.5
14.1
MI2
0.7
0009*
9.6
14.4
3
2.2
Table 10.2:Vacon 10 power ratings, 208-240 V
22.1
MI3
0.99
* The maximum ambient operating temperature of this drive is 40 °C!
Mains voltage 208 - 240 V, 50/60 Hz, 3~ series
Rated loadability
Freq.
converter
type
100% contin. 150% overcurrent IN [A] load current
[A]
Motor shaft
power
Nominal
input
current
P
[HP]
P
[KW]
[A]
Mechanical Weight
size
(kg)
0001
1.7
2.6
0.33
0.25
2.7
MI1
0.55
0002
2.4
3.6
0.5
0.37
3.5
MI1
0.55
0003
2.8
4.2
0.75
0.55
3.8
MI1
0.55
0004
3.7
5.6
1
0.75
4.3
MI2
0.7
0005
4.8
7.2
1.5
1.1
6.8
MI2
0.7
0007*
7
10.5
2
1.5
8.4
MI2
0.7
13.4
MI3
0.99
0011*
11
16.5
3
2.2
Table 10.3: Vacon 10 power ratings, 208-240 V, 3~
* The maximum ambient operating temperature of these drives is +40 °C.
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
10
102
• vacon
technical data
10.2.2 Vacon 10 – Mains voltage 115 V
Mains voltage 115 V, 50/60 Hz, 1~ series
Rated loadability
Freq.
converter
type
100% contin. 150% overcurrent IN [A] load current
[A]
Nominal
input
current
Motor shaft
power
P
[HP]
P
[KW]
Mechanical Weight
size
(Kg)
[A]
0001
1.7
2.6
0.33
0.25
9.2
MI2
0.7
0002
2.4
3.6
0.5
0.37
11.6
MI2
0.7
0003
2.8
4.2
0.75
0.55
12.4
MI2
0.7
0004
3.7
5.6
1
0.75
15
MI2
0.7
16.5
MI3
0.99
0005
4.8
7.2
1.5
1.1
Table 10.4: Vacon 10 power ratings, 115 V, 1~
10.2.3 Vacon 10 – Mains voltage 380-480 V
Mains voltage 380-480 V, 50/60 Hz, 3~ series
Rated loadability
Freq.
converter
type
100% contin. 150% overcurrent IN [A] load current
[A]
Nominal
input
current
Motor shaft
power
P
[HP]
P
[KW]
Mechanical Weight
size
(kg)
[A]
0001
1.3
2
0.5
0.37
2.2
MI1
0.55
0002
1.9
2.9
0.75
0.55
2.8
MI1
0.55
0003
2.4
3.6
1
0.75
3.2
MI1
0.55
0004
3.3
5
1.5
1.1
4
MI2
0.7
0005
4.3
6.5
2
1.5
5.6
MI2
0.7
0006
5.6
8.4
3
2.2
7.3
MI2
0.7
0008
7.6
11.4
4
3
9.6
MI3
0,99
0009
9
13.5
5
4
11.5
MI3
0.99
14.,9
MI3
0.99
0012
12
18
7.5
5.5
Table 10.5: Vacon 10 power ratings, 380-480 V
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
10
technical data
vacon
• 103
10.2.4 Vacon 10 – Mains voltage 575 V
Mains voltage 575 V, 50/60 Hz, 3~ series
Rated loadability
Freq.
converter
type
100% contin. 150% overcurrent IN [A] load current
[A]
Motor shaft
power
P
[HP]
P
[KW]
Nominal
input
current
Mechanical Weight
size
(kg)
[A]
0002
1,7
2,6
1
0,75
2
MI3
0,99
0003
2,7
4,2
2
1,5
3,6
MI3
0,99
0004
3,9
5,9
3
2,2
5
MI3
0,99
0006
6,1
9,2
5
3.7
7,6
MI3
0,99
5,5
10,4
MI3
0,99
0009
9
13,5
7.5
Table 10.6: Vacon 10 power ratings, 575 V
Note 1: The input currents are calculated values with 100 kVA line transformer supply.
Note 2: The mechanical dimensions of the units are given in Chapter 3.1.1.
10.3 Brake resistors
Resistor type code (from Vacon NX family)
Vacon 10 type
Minimum braking resistance
MI2 204-240V,3~
50 Ohm
-
-
MI2 380-480V,3~
118 Ohm
-
-
-
MI3 204-240V, 3~
31 Ohm
-
-
-
MI3 380-480V, 3~
55 Ohm
BRR-0022-LD-5 BRR-0022-HD-5 63 Ohm
MI3 575V, 3~
100 Ohm
BRR-0013-LD-6 BRR-0013-HD-6 100 Ohm
Light duty
Heavy duty
Resistance
-
Note! For MI2 and MI3, only 3-phase units are equipped with brake chopper.
For further information on brake resistors, please download Vacon NX Brake Resistor Manual (UD00971C) on http://www.vacon.com / Support & Downloads
24-hour support (0)201 212 575 • Email: [email protected]
10
104
• vacon
technical data
Tel. +358 (0)201 2121 • Fax +358 (0)201 212205
10
Find your nearest Vacon office
on the Internet at:
www.vacon.com
Manual authoring:
[email protected]
Vacon Plc.
Runsorintie 7
65380 Vaasa
Finland
Subject to change without prior notice
© 2013 Vacon Plc.
Document ID:
Rev. E1
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement