Shutter User Manual

Shutter User Manual
Shutter User Manual
www.den4b.com
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PDF generated at: Thu, 31 Oct 2013 21:28:04 UTC
Contents
Articles
Step by Step
1
Shutter
1
Quick Guide
2
Step-by-step
3
Events
4
Actions
6
Interrelationship between Events
7
Appendices
Program options
8
8
Running remotely (Web interface)
10
Command line mode
12
Run as service
12
References
Article Sources and Contributors
14
Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors
15
Article Licenses
License
16
1
Step by Step
Shutter
Shutter is a powerful
multipurpose task-launcher.
and
flexible
Despite its name, its use is not limited to
shutting down a program or the PC: Shutter
can wait for one or more events and then
execute a lot of diverse actions, such as• Launch specified application(s)
• Close specified application window(s)
• Kill specified application(s) even if they
are running in system tray.
• Play a custom sound
• Display a message on screen
• Disconnect the dial-up modem
• Log out from Windows account,
• Lock the desktop or start a screensaver.
• Shut down the PC, reboot, hibernate,
sleep, etc.
Apart from a user-friendly and easy-to-use interface, Shutter also offers the following options:
• You can create links on Desktop, to execute any of the supported actions directly from the desktop.
• You can use Shutter's Web Interface to remotely execute any action.
You can also remotely see the run-time information about the computer: Logged In User, Up Time, List of
Processes, Screenshot of a Desktop, plus Command Line Execution.
Quick Guide
2
Quick Guide
Shutter monitors the PC for multiple types of events, and when the specified conditions are met, it executes a wide
range of Actions.
Shutter can be used in just three steps, as shown below.
In this example, Shutter will close Mozilla (Firefox) browser at 7:55 AM.and launch the CMMi Tutorial.pdf file. In
other words, fun time ends at 7:55 AM and serious work starts.
Let us see how to set Shutter.
Step
1
Action
Add the Events (conditions to be monitored), and specify their interrelationship.
a. Add new Events; remove selected Events, change the order of the Events
b. Set the interrelationship between the Events
2
Add the Actions to be executed.
a. Add the Actions to be executed, remove selected Actions, change the order of the Actions
b. Configure options
3
Test the effect of Actions and then launch Shutter
a. Test the effect of the Actions stack. (in this example, check whether Mozilla closes, and the pdf file opens properly).
b. Launch Shutter (the actual monitoring starts now)
To make this experience even better, we can add some more Actions (the bold words give a hint about which Action
is used):
1.
2.
3.
4.
At 7:55, pop up a message "Last five minutes of browsing - Back to work soon!"
Pause for 5 minutes, and then
Close Mozilla (Firefox) window, and
Open the pdf file (with its associated application).
Quick Guide
3
For more such applications, see typical uses article.
Step-by-step
The workflow of Shutter is a simple 3-step process:
1. Add events that are to be monitored, and
2. Add actions that are to be executed when the specified events occur.
3. Start monitoring for the specified events.
The details are as follows:
Step 1: Load Events
Events are usually based on periodic checking of a system state, execution state of a process, or system time.
• You can add multiple events, and also set the logical relationship between them.
Note that this step only loads the events; Shutter will not start monitoring for the event till you press the
button (see Step 3).
Step 2: Load Actions
Actions are executed one by one, from top to bottom.
You can add as many actions as you want, but please be aware of the following factors:
• Each action can affect the execution of the other actions listed below it.
To avoid that, you may have to change the order of the Actions by moving them up/down.
• Some of these actions are terminal: They close Shutter, log out the Windows user or shut down the PC. For
example: the Shutdown action.
Therefore, such Actions must be placed at the very end of the Actions stack. Otherwise the actions listed below
them will never be executed!
Step 3: Start monitoring
Press the
button. Shutter starts monitoring for the events. The button changes to
Press it if you want to stop Shutter in an emergency.
• Shutter also has a
button, which starts all actions without waiting for triggering the event-set.
This is useful to check how the specified actions would actually work.
.
Events
4
Events
Below is a list of all available events.
Remember that Shutter is often used with a set of multiple events (rather than a single event); and these events have
a pre-defined relationship between them.
Event
Definition
Countdown
User enters some amount of time (in terms of Hours:Miutes:seconds).Shutter counts down to
zero. This Event is considered "triggered" when the timer reaches zero.
•
Typical uses
[1]
1. If you suffer from RSI , set
timer to take a break every few
This is the only event that is controlled by Shutter: All other events are external to Shutter,
minutes and exercise your hands,
and Shutter only monitors them.
shoulder and neck.
2. Use Shutter as a count-down
timer clock (to give alarm at the
end of specified time).
3. Play a pre-recorded sound every
few minutes (to calm down a
baby or a pet).
On Time
Event is triggered when the current time (as displayed in the system tray) reaches the specified 1. Launch an application (e.g. a
time. Note: Prior to v3.00 Beta 35, the On Time event worked in the same manner as the
downloader) at certain time.
Countdown event, counting down the initial time difference between the current time and the 2. Share your PC on LAN till a
target time. However, that method prevented the On Time event from working correctly if the
particular time, and then turn it
system time was changed or if Windows entered a suspended state.
off at certain time.
Winamp
Stops
[2]
Event periodically checks the playback state of Winamp . The event is triggered once it is
[3]
detected that application is no longer playing the media. Note: Winamp Messaging API
is
used to achieve this.
1. When the WinAmp playlist is
over, pause for a specified time
period and then play another
playlist, or hibernate the PC.
CPU Usage Periodically check the processor usage and trigger event when the usage stays above (or
below) the specified mark for the specified amount of time.
1. Launch a CPU-intensive
application (e.g. Blender
rendering) to get the benefit of
full CPU power.
2. When CPU usage goes above
certain threshold, pause the
resource-intensive applications.
Network
usage
Check the network's load (select from total, upload only, or download only); and if it falls
below specified limit for the specified duration, then the event is triggered.
1. Start a downloader when the
download is below a limit.
2. Upload a large folder when the
upload falls below certain point
3. Pause file-transfers till the total
traffic in the network falls below
a certain limit.
User
Inactive
Track the time of user's last mouse and keyboard activity. Trigger event when user is inactive
for the specified period of time.
1. Play WinAmp when no one is
using the PC (turn the PC into
entertainment center).
2. Launch a task that can otherwise
slow down the PC.
Battery
Low
Monitor power battery level and trigger event when level drops below specified level.
1. Take backup of critical data.
2. Close specified applications
gracefully.
3. Remind the user to plug in the
laptop charger.
Events
5
Window
Closes
Monitor opened windows for the specified title match. Event is triggered when specified title
does not match any of the opened windows.
•
•
The name is NOT case-sensitive.
You can specify wildcards to find a partial match. For example, *Firefox*.
If you do not use wildcards, Shutter will look for an exact match (if the actual Window
name has more characters compared to the specified string, Shutter will treat it as "not
matching").
1. Warn the user that the desired
application has stopped running.
2. Launch the process only if the
application is not running already
(to avoid multiple instances
running simultaneously)
Note: Be careful when specifying the window name: The text should match with what you see
in the Title Bar of the application (the top bar of the application's window). Sometimes the
Title Bar shows the file that is opened in the application, instead of the application's name.
Process
Stops
Monitor all processes that match the specified filename. Event is triggered when the specified
filename is not found in the list of executing processes.
1. Warn the user that the process
has stopped.
2. Launch the next process in
sequence.
Ping Stops
[4]
Ping
the specified host and trigger when host is not responding for the specified period of
time. Useful for monitoring availability of network services.
1. Warn the user that the remote PC
is not communicating any more
(either bad link or crash).
File Size
Limit
Periodically check the size of the specified file and trigger event when file reaches the
specified size. Size "0" can be used to check whether file exists or not.
1. Take a backup of the file.
2. Warn the user that the file size
has reached the limit.
References
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
http:/ / en. wikipedia. org/ wiki/ Repetitive_strain_injury
http:/ / www. winamp. com/
http:/ / forums. winamp. com/ showthread. php?threadid=180297
http:/ / en. wikipedia. org/ wiki/ Ping
Actions
6
Actions
Below is the list of all available actions.
Shutdown (T)
Shutdown computer.
Reboot (T)
Reboot computer.
Logoff (T)
Log out currently logged in user.
Lock
Workstation
Sleep
Lock workstation.
Put computer into the suspended state.(Windows Vista and Windows 7 only)
Note that usually the PC automatically enters the Hibernation state after default 3 hours, but some applications (such as recording
or CD/DVD burning) can turn off the sleep timer to prevent the PC from entering the Hibernation state.
Hibernate
Put computer into the hibernated state.
Tip: First, check if the hibernate option is enabled in your PC (Control Panel.> Power Options > Hibernate tab)
Turn Off
Monitor
Screen Saver
Switch off the monitor.
Turn on the screen saver.
Tip: You can set a password to turn off your screensaver and start working on the PC again. This effectively makes your PC
secure from intruders.
Volume
Mute or unmute the master volume. Note: At the moment this action does not work on Windows Vista/7 [1].
Hang Up
Drop connection of the modem device.
Alarm
Message
Show a simple dialog displaying the current time and play an alarm sound.
Show message for the specified period time with option to stop execution of the rest of actions and option to restart the events.
Play Sound
Play specified sound file with ability to wait for the sound file to finish before continuing with the rest of actions.
Run Program
Run specified executable and optionally wait for it to finish executing before continuing with the rest of actions.
Open File
Open a specified file using shell. This can be either of the following:
•
•
•
URL, for example: http:/ / www. den4b. com/
Executable, for example: "notepad"
Normal file, for example: "Document.doc" or "Song.mp3"
Close Window Close all windows that match the specified window title.
Kill Process
Utilities
Terminate all processes that match the specified executable filename.
This is a special type of action to control the workflow of Shutter.
The options are:
(T)
•
Close application (Shutter) (T) - Typically to close Shutter after taking all the Actions listed before it.
Effectively, Shutter runs just once: It waits for the events, executes the actions and then closes.
•
Restart events (T) - Shutter "arms" itself once again, and waits for the entire set of events once again.
Effectively, Shutter runs the (wait for events and then execute all actions) cycle endlessly.
•
Pause execution - This can be used to introduce a waiting period before the next action is taken.
For example, if one Action closes an application, wait till it closes gracefully; and only then execute the next Action.
Mark shows that this action is a terminal action, meaning that it may cause Shutter to terminate or otherwise stop
the rest of actions from executing. You can use only ONE terminal action in the Actions pane, and it must be the last
in the list of actions.
Actions
7
References
[1] http:/ / www. den4b. com/ forum/ viewtopic. php?id=816
Interrelationship between Events
When you add multiple events to Shutter, their interrelationship becomes important. The Actions are executed only
when the relationship between the specified events is satisfied.
You can set any of the following relationships between the events:
•
•
•
•
ALL - All events must be in triggered state together, monitored continuously.(This is the default choice)
AND - Every event must be triggered once, independently of each other.
OR - Any event must be triggered once.
1BY1 - Each event must be triggered once, one after another.
If you are not sure which logic to choose, simply use the default "ALL" logic which normally satisfies most
scenarios.
8
Appendices
Program options
Shutter has multiple options (accessible from the Options menu or by pressing the
bottom).
The Options window has five tabs, as explained below.
button at
General
Option
Remarks
Always on top of other
windows
Keeps Shutter on top of the other windows on the desktop
Autorun at Windows
startup/logon
Starts Shutter automatically when you log in Windows, or start the PC.
Increase the font size in In case you find the font too small in tables
tables
Minimize on start of
events
When the entire set of event triggers (including the interrelationship logic), Shutter will automatically minimize to the
System Tray.
Minimize when
program starts
When Shutter starts, its GUI will not be seen: It automatically starts in minimized state (in the System Tray)
Minimize when click
on close button
Start events when
program starts
When you click on the
button, the Shutter window will not close: It will be minimized (in the System Tray) instead.
Normally, you have to start the event-monitoring manually, by clicking on the
button at the bottom
of the Shutter window. But if you select this option, as soon as Shutter starts, the event-monitoring starts automatically.
Advanced
Option
Disable balloon notification messages at
Tray icon
Allow only single instance of the
application (needs restart)
Remarks
When Shutter is minimized to System Tray, its icon
in the System Tray keeps popping up
balloons with text-messages (e.g. "Events started"). If you want Shutter to operate silently, deselect
this option.
By default, you can launch several instances (copies) of Shutter; and load different Events+Actions in
each copy. These instances run independently of each other. However, if you want to force only a
single copy of Shutter, deselect this option.
Program options
9
Never show Tray Icon
By default, each instance of Shutter will show an icon
in the System Tray when it is "minimized
to tray". However, if your System Tray is cluttered because of that, then you can remove the Shutter
icons from the System Tray by deselecting this option.
• Note that without the icon, it is difficult to tell whether Shutter is currently running in your PC.
• Note also that without the Shutter icons, the System Tray will not be able to show the balloon text
messages.
If you have lost an ability to open Shutter interface, you can disable this option by editing
"Shutter.ini" file from the installation folder. First, terminate any instances of Shutter via the Task
Manager. Then, edit the following line in "Shutter.ini":
HideTrayIcon=0
Stop events when the computer is going to By default, the even-monitoring is going on even when the computer is in hibernate/sleep mode.
hibernate/sleep; and resume when computer However, if the event-set triggers during hibernate/sleep mode, the Actions cannot be launched.
wakes up.
For example, if a count-down timer reaches zero when the PC is n hibernate/sleep mode, the Actions
will fail to launch.
Even when the computer wakes up, the Actions will not be launched. Thus one cycle of events is
unable to start actions.
You may want Shutter to suspend the count-down, and resume when the PC wakes up again. For that,
deselect this option.
•
Note that some events (e.g. On Time event) cannot be postponed till the PC wakes again.
Web Interface
These options are covered in the Web Interface article.
Protection
Option
Enable
Remarks
If your PC is shared by multiple users, they can change Shutter settings to access it
remotely.
To prevent such unauthorized access, enble the Protection option, and then set a password.
Password Set a strong password [1] and note it down in a secure place.
Repeat
Repeat the entered password here for verification.
References
[1] http:/ / en. wikipedia. org/ wiki/ Strong_password
Running remotely (Web interface)
10
Running remotely (Web interface)
Shutter exposes some of its functionality through the Web Interface, letting users control their computer remotely
from another computer.
Configuration
Steps below outline how to successfully setup the Web Interface.
Enable Web Interface
Open Options via the
button or from the main menu and navigate to the tab called "Web Interface".
All of the settings will be disabled (grayed out) by default. Put a tick mark on the "Enable" check box to enable the
Web Interface and its configuration.
Configure Web Interface
Listen IP and Listen Port parameters define IP address and Port
number through which Web Interface will be accessible. Port number
can be any numeric value in range 0 to 65535, but it is recommended
to use values above 1024 as many of the the ports below this value are
reserved by the system and standard applications. Choice of the IP
address depends on the desired accessibility of the Web Interface.
IP address
0.0.0.0
Desired accessibility
Allow access from all available network interfaces (default).
127.0.0.1
Allow access only from the local machine.
X.X.X.X
Any other configuration will allow access from the specified IP address.
To check whether specified IP and Port parameters are acceptable press "check port" button.
•
• For example, if you set IP address to 127.0.0.1 and port 8080, you will access the web interface in your browser
via URL: http://127.0.0.1:8080/
Username and Password can be anything (however, always use a strong password
access the Web Interface from a remote PC.
[1]
). These will be required to
• Short or easy to guess Password can introduce a security risk so be careful while selecting your password!
Allow command line execution will allow users to execute arbitrary commands on the host machine.
• Command line execution should be used with caution!
Running remotely (Web interface)
Configure Firewall
Before you can successfully use Shutter's Web Interface you need to make sure that that remote machine can access
your host machine. Usually host machine will protected by Firewall [1] software, hence, blocking the remote access.
You need to identify the the Firewall software which is running on your host machine and enable access to the
specified Web Interface IP:Port address. To start with, Windows (XP or later version only) has its own Windows
Firewall [2]; but when you install an antivirus software, it takes over with its own firewall.
External Access
Shutter's web interface can be accessed from any machine on the same network. If your want to access it from any
machine on the Internet you must configure your router/modem appropriately. You need to set up a port forwarding
rule on your router/modem so that external traffic from the Internet will be redirected to the machine with Shutter's
Web Interface in your local network, e.g. home, office.
For example, if your machine's IP address is 192.168.1.10 and you have configure Shutter to run on port
8080 then you need to configure port forwarding rule to redirect all traffic on port 8080 to IP address
192.168.1.10. Then you would access Shutter's web interface using your public/external IP address. To find out
your external IP address type in your favorite web search engine "What is my IP address [3]".
Here is a generic article on how set up a port forwarding rule on a router:
http://www.wikihow.com/Set-Up-Port-Forwarding-on-a-Router
Pitfalls
If you are planning to run multiple instances of Shutter and use Web Interface at the same time you should be aware
that every instance of Shutter will try to start up its own Web Interface service. This will result in the first instance
successfully activating the Web Interface service while other (later) instances failing with error message "Could not
bind socket. Address and port are already in use".
To continue using multiple instances of Shutter you need to create a dedicated copy of Shutter for running the Web
Interface service and use a separate copy for running multiple instances without the Web Interface.
References
[1] http:/ / en. wikipedia. org/ wiki/ Firewall_(computing)
[2] http:/ / en. wikipedia. org/ wiki/ Windows_Firewall
[3] http:/ / www. google. com/ search?q=What+ is+ my+ IP+ address
11
Command line mode
12
Command line mode
Shutter supports several command line parameters. Different parameter types cannot be combined together.
Parameter
Description
/preset
<preset>
Load preset specified by a preset name or a full path.
/action
<action>
Execute a specified action by action ID. Please note that not all actions support direct/untended execution, in which case you
should create a dedicated preset with the required action(s) and run the present instead.
You can use "Create Links to Presets" option from the main menu to create shortcut files to all available presets.
You can use "Create Links to Actions" option from the main menu to create shortcut files to all supported actions.
/uninstall
Remove all manually turned on associations with the program, e.g. presets association. For advanced users only!
Run as service
There is no native or easy way to make Shutter run as a service. This is because service applications are different
from normal user applications (from programming point of view) and would have to be written differently. But, this
doesn't mean that there cannot be any workaround. Below is a list of methods which worked for some users, but note
that they are not officially supported and cannot be guaranteed to work.
Windows tools
Windows Resource Kit provides two utilities that allow you to create a user-defined service for Windows
applications. Instrsrv.exe installs and removes system services from Windows NT and Srvany.exe allows any
Windows NT application to run as a service.
• How To Create a User-Defined Service [1]
• Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit Tools [2]
Third party tools
There are 3rd party tools exist that can run any application as a service, which will be more intuitive but
unfortunately not free, for example: Any2Service, FireDaemon .
Any2Service can be downloaded from here:
• http://www.snapfiles.com/get/any2service.html
• http://www.softpedia.com/get/System/System-Miscellaneous/Any2Service.shtml
FireDaemon can be downloaded from here:
• http://www.firedaemon.com/
Run as service
User notes
You must NOT allow the service to interact with the desktop. If you do allow interaction, Shutter will close after a
user logs off, leaving the system running.
References
[1] http:/ / support. microsoft. com/ kb/ 137890
[2] http:/ / www. microsoft. com/ downloads/ details. aspx?familyid=9d467a69-57ff-4ae7-96ee-b18c4790cffd& displaylang=en
13
Article Sources and Contributors
Article Sources and Contributors
Shutter Source: http://www.den4b.com/w/index.php?oldid=2519 Contributors: Den4b, Narayan
Quick Guide Source: http://www.den4b.com/w/index.php?oldid=1894 Contributors: Den4b, Narayan
Step-by-step Source: http://www.den4b.com/w/index.php?oldid=1895 Contributors: Den4b, Narayan
Events Source: http://www.den4b.com/w/index.php?oldid=1896 Contributors: Den4b, Narayan
Actions Source: http://www.den4b.com/w/index.php?oldid=1898 Contributors: Den4b, Narayan
Interrelationship between Events Source: http://www.den4b.com/w/index.php?oldid=1897 Contributors: Den4b, Narayan
Program options Source: http://www.den4b.com/w/index.php?oldid=2521 Contributors: Den4b, Narayan
Running remotely (Web interface) Source: http://www.den4b.com/w/index.php?oldid=2507 Contributors: Den4b, Narayan
Command line mode Source: http://www.den4b.com/w/index.php?oldid=2533 Contributors: Den4b
Run as service Source: http://www.den4b.com/w/index.php?oldid=1900 Contributors: Den4b
14
Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors
Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors
Image:Shutter.png Source: http://www.den4b.com/w/index.php?title=File:Shutter.png License: unknown Contributors: Den4b
Image:ShutterExample.png Source: http://www.den4b.com/w/index.php?title=File:ShutterExample.png License: unknown Contributors: Narayan
Image:ShutterStartButton.png Source: http://www.den4b.com/w/index.php?title=File:ShutterStartButton.png License: unknown Contributors: Den4b, Narayan
Image:ShutterStopButton.png Source: http://www.den4b.com/w/index.php?title=File:ShutterStopButton.png License: unknown Contributors: Den4b, Narayan
Image:ShutterNowButton.png Source: http://www.den4b.com/w/index.php?title=File:ShutterNowButton.png License: unknown Contributors: Narayan
Image:ShutterOptionsButton.png Source: http://www.den4b.com/w/index.php?title=File:ShutterOptionsButton.png License: unknown Contributors: Narayan
Image:CloseWindowButton.png Source: http://www.den4b.com/w/index.php?title=File:CloseWindowButton.png License: unknown Contributors: Narayan
Image:ShutterIcon.png Source: http://www.den4b.com/w/index.php?title=File:ShutterIcon.png License: unknown Contributors: Narayan
Image:Shutter Options Web Interface.png Source: http://www.den4b.com/w/index.php?title=File:Shutter_Options_Web_Interface.png License: unknown Contributors: Den4b
Image:Shutter Web Interface Check Port.png Source: http://www.den4b.com/w/index.php?title=File:Shutter_Web_Interface_Check_Port.png License: unknown Contributors: Den4b
15
License
License
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported
//creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/
16
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