User manual - NAL Research Corporation
SHOUT nano USER’S GUIDE
Version 1.0.2
June 20th, 2012
POWERED by IRIDIUMTM
Copyright © 2012 by NAL Research Corporation
9300 West Courthouse Road
Manassas, Virginia 20110 USA
Phone: 703-392-1136 x203
E-mail: [email protected]
| Legal Disclaimer and Condition of Use
This document contains information for the SHOUT nano personal satellite tracking device
and accompanying accessories (“Product”) is provided “as is.” Reasonable effort has been made
to make the information in this document reliable and consistent with specifications, test
measurements and other information. However, NAL Research Corporation and its affiliated
companies, directors, officers, employees, agents, trustees or consultants (“NAL Research”)
assume no responsibility for any typographical, technical, content or other inaccuracies in this
document. NAL Research reserves the right in its sole discretion and without notice to you to
change Product specifications and materials and/or revise this document or withdraw it at any
time. User assumes the full risk of using the Product specifications and any other information
provided.
NAL Research makes no representations, guarantees, conditions or warranties, either
express or implied, including without limitation, any implied representations, guarantees,
conditions or warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, noninfringement, satisfactory quality, non-interference, accuracy of informational content, or arising
from a course of dealing, law, usage, or trade practice, use, or related to the performance or
nonperformance of any products, accessories, facilities or services or information except as
expressly stated in this guide and/or the Product and/or satellite service documentation. Any
other standards of performance, guarantees, conditions and warranties are hereby expressly
excluded and disclaimed to the fullest extent permitted by the law. This disclaimer and exclusion
shall apply even if the express limited warranty contained in this guide or such documentation
fails of its essential purpose.
In no event shall NAL Research be liable, whether in contract or tort or any other legal
theory, including without limitation strict liability, gross negligence or negligence, for any
damages in excess of the purchase price of the Product, including any direct, indirect, incidental,
special or consequential damages of any kind, or loss of revenue or profits, loss of business, loss
of privacy, loss of use, loss of time or inconvenience, loss of information or data, software or
applications or other financial loss caused by the Product (including hardware, software and/or
firmware) and/or the Iridium satellite services, or arising out of or in connection with the ability
or inability to use the Product (including hardware, software and/or firmware) and/or the Iridium
satellite services to the fullest extent these damages may be disclaimed by law and whether
advised of the possibilities of such damages. NAL Research is not liable for any claim made by a
third party or made by you for a third party.
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
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| Contents
Glossary ................................................................................................ 4
Introduction .......................................................................................... 5
Using the SHOUT nano ........................................................................... 7
Home Screen ......................................................................................... 12
Quick Start ............................................................................................ 16
Messaging Menu .................................................................................... 17
Tracking Menu ....................................................................................... 24
Utilities Menu ........................................................................................ 28
Settings Menu ........................................................................................ 31
Additional Features ............................................................................... 33
Appendix A: PMS Features ..................................................................... 35
Appendix B: Upgrading the Firmware ..................................................... 38
Appendix C: Power Consumption ........................................................... 39
Appendix D: Design Specifications ......................................................... 41
Appendix E: Standard Compliance .......................................................... 42
Appendix F: Export Compliance .............................................................. 43
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
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| Glossary
AES
Advanced Encryption Standard
BIS
Bureau of Industry and Security
CE
Conformite Europeene
CEP
Circular Error Probable
DoD
Department of Defense
DoD EMSS
DoD Enhanced Mobile Satellite Services
EAR
Export Administration Regulations
FCC
Federal Communications Commission
FDMA
Frequency Division Multiple Access
GPS
Global Positioning System
HACC
Horizontal Accuracy
HDOP
Horizontal Dilution of Precision
IC
Industry Canada
IMEI
International Mobile Equipment Identification
LBT
L-Band Transceiver
LCD
Liquid Crystal Display
LED
Light Emitting Diode
LNA
Low Noise Amplifier
NOC
Network Operation Center
OFAC
Office of Foreign Asset Controls
PDA
Personal Digital Assistant
PMS
PECOS Message Structure
POP
Post Office Protocol
RF
Radio Frequency
RUDICS
Router-Based Unrestricted Digital Internetworking Connectivity
Solution
SBAS
Satellite Based Augmentation System
SBD
Short Burst Data
SMTP
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
TBR
Time-Between-Reports
TDD
Time Division Duplex
TDMA
Time Division Multiple Access
VDOP
Vertical Dilution of Precision
USB
Universal Serial Bus
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
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| Introduction
The SHOUT nano is a handheld, global, two-way satellite messaging and personal
tracking device. It utilizes Iridium’s short burst data (SBD) service to provide
location information determined by a GPS receiver, two-way inbound and
outbound status, text messaging, and emergency/alert notifications. The SHOUT
nano significantly improves service reliability over existing tracking products by
allowing two-way communications and confirmation of the nature of the distress
to the first responder community. This reduces false alerts, helps identify the
nature of the emergency so that the correct assets can be deployed thereby
reducing search and rescue costs, and provides communications feedback
capability to the user to assist in rescue efforts. The SHOUT nano is 100%
backward compatible with the SHOUT. In this document, the terms SHOUT nano
and nano are used interchangeably.
The nano is designed with ultra-low power consumption electronics drawing less
than 35A during sleep. With an internal 1.95 A-Hr rechargeable Li-Ion battery
and depending on the environmental conditions, it can send a position report
every ten minutes for more than ten days (more than 1,500 reports). User is
recommended to read Appendix C to learn about the impact of blocked antennas
on the number of reports. The nano is equipped with a high resolution color LCD
and on-screen keyboards allowing transmission of free-text, canned messages
and a combination of free-text and canned messages. The menu options are
displayed as icons for quick access. The device can periodically wake up from
sleep to send its position report to a command center. A 911 button is used for
immediate emergency/alert notifications. Data are packaged in either standard or
256-bit AES encrypted format.
The nano is capable of sending position reports in PECOS Message Structure
(PMS). The PMS complies with the Blue Force Tracking Data Format Specification.
The nanos are shipped without PMS features activated and can only be enabled by
NAL Research at the request of an authorized user. Functions related to PMS can
be found in Appendix A.
The nano offers a variety of services including:

Normal Tracking — The nano can be programmed to automatically
wake up and send a position report at a set interval ranging from once
every minute to once a day.
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
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
Emergency Alert — When the emergency 911 button is pushed, the
nano immediately sends alerts to a designated corporate e-mail, home
e-mail and/or monitoring center. The home base and the user can
then communicate to define further specifics of the situation and a
response to the emergency.

Free-Text Messaging — The nano allows users to send free-text via
three different sets of on-screen keyboards.

Canned Text Messaging — The nano allows users to send canned
(pre-defined) messages. Up to 600 pre-defined messages stored in
memory can be retrieved and sent. Sending canned messages saves
bandwidth (effectively cost) because only short codes are transmitted
to the server instead of the entire message body.

Waypoint Tracking — The nano lets users send and/or save
waypoints for later retrieval. A waypoint is a GPS location that a user
wants to identify and mark with a specific name tag for future
reference.

Check-In — The nano allows a quick check-in message to be sent
using a single soft key.
IMPORTANT: NAL Research can enable the SHOUT nano for use on the DoD
EMSS Gateway. However, accessing the EMSS Gateway is not authorized until the
nano is provisioned (sign up for airtime). Unauthorized attempts to access the
EMSS Gateway will result in immediate disabling of the offending device, which
must then be returned to NAL Research for repair. Please see webpage
https://sbd.pac.disa.mil for more information regarding DoD EMSS service
provisioning.
IMPORTANT: Users should not disassemble the nano for repair or services. The
warranty is voided if the nano is disassembled. It should be returned to NAL
Research
for
services
by
calling
703-392-1136
x203
or
e-mailing
[email protected]
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
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| Using the SHOUT nano
DEVICE
DESCRIPTION
The SHOUT nano has eight buttons, one LED and a USB port. The buttons are
used to power up the device, access the menus for parameter setting, initiate
Check-In and Way Point functions and activate emergency notification. The USB
port is for charging, firmware update and parameter setting.
9
10
8
7
5
3
4
2
1
6
1
Power/Enter: 1. Turns device ON/OFF when hold down for two seconds or
2. Used to select highlighted item on a menu.
Arrow Up/Down/Right: Used to navigate the cursor.
2
Arrow Left: 1. Used to navigate the cursor or
2. Used to go back to the previous menu.
3
Check-In Soft Key: Used to access the Check-In feature.
4
Way Point Soft Key: Used to access the Way Point features.
5
USB Port: Used to charge the battery, update firmware or setup operating
parameters using a computer.
6
Emergency: Used to send an emergency 911 alert/notification.
7
Guard: Protects emergency button from being accidentally activated.
8
LED: Displays tracking and emergency statuses.
9
Antenna: Embedded GPS antenna (DO NOT BLOCK).
10
Antenna: External Iridium antenna* (DO NOT BLOCK).
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
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*IMPORTANT: For best performance, NAL Research only recommends the use of
the
Sarantel
SL3104
decafilar
antenna
(www.sarantel.com).
Performance
degradation including dropped coverage and shortened battery life can occur if a
different antenna is used. NAL Research will void the warranty if the nano is
replaced with a non-Sarantel antenna.
CHARGING THE
BATTERY
The SHOUT nano package includes manuals, software, an AC wall adapter, and a
standard USB-to-mini USB cable. The nano is shipped with its internal Lithium-Ion
battery partially charged. User should fully charge the nano before use. There are
two ways of charging the nano. One is to use the supplied AC wall adapter. The
other is to connect to a standard USB device—make sure to use the USB cable
provided with the nano. With the AC wall adapter, the charging time is
approximately five hours. Charging time using a USB port depends on the type of
USB port. USB 1.0 should be able to charge the nano in about a day assuming the
port is capable of producing an output current of 100mA. USB 2.0 can charge in
about four hours assuming the current output of 1.5A. NAL Research offers
12VDC and 24-36VDC chargers sold as separate items. For pocket size solar
charges, NAL Research recommends any of the Solio® (www.solio.com) products.
While using the nano, a low battery warning message will appear when remaining
power is less than 10%.
WARNING!
All batteries can cause property damage, injury or burns if a
conductive material, such as jewelry or keys, touches exposed
terminals. The material may complete an electrical circuit and become
extremely hot. To protect against such unwanted current drain,
exercise care in handling any charged battery, particularly when
placing it inside your pocket, purse or other container with metal
objects.
Users should not disassemble the SHOUT nano for replacing battery. It
should be returned to NAL Research for services. Risk of explosion if
battery is replaced with an incorrect type. Dispose of the batteries
(nano) according to local, state and federal regulations or laws.
The nano has a battery status icon
on the top right corner of its LCD screen
indicating the charging status. When charging is complete the icon should show
five bars (not counting the last battery icon). The device can be safely operated
and does not need to be turned off while charging. The charging cycle will
complete quicker while the device is shut down.
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
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BASIC
NAVIGATION
The SHOUT nano can be turned on by holding down the power/enter
for approximately two seconds. Once the device is on, the arrow
button
buttons
can be used to position the cursor over a menu icons and the enter
button
can be used to select the highlighted icon. Each menu has a BACK
button,
which returns the device to the previously accessed screen. On most menus,
frequently used options are programmed into two soft keys allowing quick and
easy access. The nano can be turned off (completely off with no tracking and no
text messaging) at anytime by holding down the power/enter button for
approximately two seconds. The device automatically “goes to sleep” after 90
seconds of inactivity.
USING THE
KEYBOARDS
Some options require the use of on-screen keyboards to enter information. Three
different keyboards are available. Picture below is an example of a keyboard for
entering waypoint labels. The up
key can be pressed repeatedly to switch
between the keyboards. The four arrow
buttons on the nano are
for navigating around the keyboards and enter
button is for selecting a
highlighted character. While entering text, the position of the cursor in the text
box is shown as a thin, solid rectangular block. The entered text can be edited by
pressing the up arrow button until the cursor exits the keyboard into the text box
and begins to blink. The four arrow buttons can again be used to navigate and to
place over a character to be corrected. Pressing the enter button takes user back
to the keyboard exiting the text box. The number displayed on the right corner of
the LCD indicates the remaining allowable number of characters that can be
entered into the text box.
Enter Text
Please send help
308
Remaining
number of
allowable
characters
Text Box
Keyboard
Q W E R T Y U I O P
A S D F G H J K L
Z X C V B N M .
Space
@ .com
Done
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
Clear
9
NETWORK
OPERATING
CENTER (NOC)
The SHOUT nano comprises of a 9602 transceiver board capable of SBD
connectivity to the Iridium satellite network. As a messaging and tracking device,
its function is to send GPS reports and text messages to a network operating
center (NOC). It can be provisioned by NAL Research or any certified Iridium
airtime service provider including the DoD DISA EMSS office to send messages
and reports to five different destinations (a combination of e-mail addresses, IP
addresses and other mobile devices). While in the field, the nano can also accept
real-time text messages and commands from a NOC.
A NOC could be a sophisticated central monitoring center equipped with servers
connected to high-speed networks. A NOC could also be as simple as a PDA, a
laptop or a desktop attached to the Internet, to an Iridium transceiver or to any
wireless device. A NOC is required to receive and implement the logic necessary
for analyzing the nano messages and determine the appropriate response.
SERVER FOR
TRACKER
SOFTWARE
Upon request, NAL Research will provide the Server for Trackers software allowing
users to install on their NOCs to retrieve NAL Research’s formatted GPS reports
from the remote nano. In addition, the program will let a NOC communicate with
modems attached to its serial ports, communicate with POP3/SMTP servers,
communicate with Iridium SBD DirectIP servers, and/or act as a RUDICS
server/client to support incoming and outgoing communications with the nanos.
Under special cases, NAL Research will release our proprietary GPS report formats
for developers to implement into their own tracking software.
SATTERM
SOFTWARE
Along with the Server for Tracker software, SatTerm software is included for users
to set up the nano operating parameters, Address Book and Canned Messages.
Most of the operating parameters can be set using the nano on-screen menus.
However, more sophisticated features such as encryption must be carried out via
SatTerm and a connected computer to the nano. For address book and canned
messages, the nano sends only short codes instead of the message body to a
NOC server. Short codes are then mapped to the real addresses or canned
messages with a lookup table saved on the NOC server during setup. Therefore,
when SatTerm is used to enter address book and canned messages, SatTerm will
synchronize short codes between the nano and the NOC server.
MAPPING
NOC SERVER
NAL Research also makes available a mapping NOC server to our customers only
for demonstration purposes. Application developers can call to inquire on how to
setup a free demo account. The server implements Google Earth to display the
tracking information. NAL Research assumes no responsibility for any claims or
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
10
damages arising out of the use of our server. NAL Research makes no warranties
on the performance or the availability of our server.
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
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| Home Screen
HOME SCREEN
Immediately after powered up, the SHOUT nano momentarily displays the NAL
Research logo followed by the home screen. Device status symbols will be shown
along the top of the home screen. Some symbols will not appear until an event is
initiated such as sending or receiving a message.
----- Iridium
---- GPS
20-Jul-10
(10 min)
08:00 AM
NAL Research Corp
© Copyrighted 2010
Messaging
Last Report
Date: 20-Jul-10
Time: 08:00AM
Lat: 38:45:8.7 N
Long: -77:28:58.3 W
Check-In
Way Point
Status
Symbols
denotes the Iridium transceiver is off. The Iridium transceiver is always kept
off to preserve battery life until a message is required to be transmitted.
denotes: (1) the Iridium transceiver is on with real-time signal strength
represented by the number of vertical bars and (2) SBD message transmission is
in progress. The signal strength can range from the lowest of zero to the highest
of five bars. During transmission, the antenna must have a clear view of the sky.
The nano cannot send reports from inside a building.
denotes the GPS receiver is off. The GPS receiver is always kept off to
preserve battery life until time, date or position information is needed.
denotes the GPS receiver is on with real-time satellite acquisition status
represented by the number of vertical bars. One bar represents valid time and
date fix, two bars represent 2-D fix or dead reckoning, three bars represent 3-D
fix with HDOP higher than 2.0 and four bars represent 3-D fix with HDOP less
than 2.0. Although the nano GPS receiver can often obtain a location fix when the
antenna is partially blocked (near buildings, in a room next to a window, etc.), it
is recommended that the antenna must have a clear view of the sky to minimize
acquisition time and better position accuracy.
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
12
denotes tracking mode is off when the tracking symbol is dimmed blue.
denotes tracking mode is on when the tracking symbol is bright white. Next
to the tracking symbol is the countdown timer to the next report.
denotes all the audio alerts are off.
denotes the audio alert is on.
denotes unread message(s) is in the Inbox.
denotes message(s) is in the Outbox ready to be sent or message(s) in
queue failed to send.
is the battery indicator with five bars being fully charged.
Date/Time
The current time and date are displayed with the formats defined using the
Settings/Time and Date menu. The GPS receiver has an internal clock and, as
long as the battery is not depleted and a valid position fix was previously
acquired, the SHOUT nano can recall the correct date and time. The message
“Date/Time unavailable” is displayed when the nano is unable to restore
information from the GPS receiver.
Home Icons Immediately below date and time, the SHOUT nano displays four main icons each
representing a menu option—Messaging, Tracking, Utilities and Settings. Detailed
descriptions of each of these menu options are included in the next section. The
arrow
buttons are used to place the cursor over an icon. The perimeter
of an icon lights up and a label underneath it appears when the cursor is placed
over it. The enter
button is used to select the menu option.
----- Iridium
---- GPS
20-Jul-10
(10 min)
08:00 AM
Home Icons
Messaging
Last Report
Date: 20-Jul-10
Time: 08:00AM
Lat: 38:45:8.7 N
Long: -77:28:58.3 W
Check-In
Way Point
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
13
Last Report The last successful report sent by tracking or emergency notification is displayed
in the text box below the main icons. Check-In, Way Point, free-text and canned
messages are not considered as “reports” and, therefore, will not be displayed on
the home screen even if a message was sent successfully. With limited space on
the LCD screen, only date, time, latitude, longitude and altitude are visible in
dimmed gray text. Additional information can be seen by pressing the arrow down
button. After the arrow button is pressed the text will change from gray to bright
white for better readability. Displayed text can be changed back to gray by
repeatedly pressing the left arrow
button. The Last Report information is
saved on the nano’s non-volatile memory. Even if battery power is removed, the
information can still be restored. All displayed GPS parameters are selfexplanatory except Vvel, which stands for vertical velocity.
----- Iridium
---- GPS
20-Jul-10
Messaging
Last Report
information lights up
when the
or
button is pressed.
Check-In
(Soft Key)
(10 min)
08:00 AM
Last Report
Date: 20-Jul-10
Time: 08:00AM
Lat: 38:45:8.7 N
Long: -77:28:58.3 W
Check-In
Way Point
Check-In soft key allows user to send a quick message with a single, easyaccessed button. When the Check-In button is pressed from the home screen, a
second screen will appear requesting for confirmation. Once confirmed, the
SHOUT nano sends out a short code representing a Check-In message. If
Settings/Include GPS option is enabled, GPS location will be attached to the
Check-In message. Check-In messages with GPS location takes longer to
complete since the nano has to acquire a GPS fix first. Depending on the validity
of the stored ephemeris data or the Accuracy setting, it could take an additional
29 seconds. Check-In message uses the same canned message’s short code
format.
Way Point
(Soft Key)
A waypoint is a GPS location that user wants to identify and mark with a specific
name tag for future reference. When the Way Point soft key is pressed from the
home screen, the SHOUT nano immediately turns the GPS receiver on to acquire
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
14
a fix. User then has the options to go back to the home screen without further
action, to re-acquire a new GPS fix, or to save the waypoint. Selecting the Next
option will bring up a full keyboard allowing user to enter the waypoint label. Use
the
key to toggle between the keyboards.
A waypoint label can have up to 309 characters long. As each character is entered
the remaining allowable number of characters for the label is displayed on top of
the LCD. The Add option saves the waypoint into the nano’s non-volatile memory
for later retrieval. The nano can store up to 1,000 waypoints. The oldest point is
overwritten as the memory becomes full. After saving a waypoint, user can also
send it to a NOC server. The server differentiates Way Point report from normal
tracking report by their short codes.
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
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| Quick Start
Before use airtime must first be purchased from NAL Research or from any of
Iridium certified airtime resellers. The nano’s IMEI number must be registered by
an airtime reseller to “point” to a NOC server. User is recommended to read the
remaining of the manual to learn how to operate the nano as a messaging device.
However, as a tracking device, user can quickly set up the nano with just three
simple steps:
1. Turn the nano on by holding down the power/enter button
for about
two seconds.
2. Go to Report Rate menu to set the reporting frequency
3. Go to Track On/Off menu to enable tracking
.
. The nano is now in
tracking mode and is ready to send position reports at a rate chosen in
Step 2. No further action is required. The unit automatically goes to
“sleep” in between reports.
IMPORTANT: NAL Research can enable the SHOUT nano for use on the DoD
EMSS Gateway. However, accessing the EMSS Gateway is not authorized until the
nano is provisioned (sign up for airtime). Unauthorized attempts to access the
EMSS Gateway will result in immediate disabling of the offending device, which
must then be returned to NAL Research for repair. Please see webpage
https://sbd.pac.disa.mil for more information regarding DoD EMSS service
provisioning.
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
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| Messaging Menu
MESSAGING
The Messaging menu allows user to compose, save, view, and send canned or
free-text messages. There are six options under the Messaging menu including
Address Book, Compose, Inbox, Drafts, Outbox and Sent and a Check Mailbox
soft key.
----- Iridium
---- GPS
Messaging
Address Book
Check Mailbox
Address
Book
The Address Book lists contacts created and saved into the SHOUT nano’s
memory using NAL Research’s SatTerm software. During setup SatTerm requires
connectivity between the nano and a NOC server to synchronize the lookup table
of short codes. As with canned messages, short codes are used to map real
addresses to a lookup table located at a NOC.
The nano can save 1,200 contacts in memory with a maximum contact name of
30 characters long. Each contact has its data stored in a three-line format. The
first line can have up to 30 characters, the second can have 50 characters and the
third can have 30 characters. The information contained in each line is defined by
developers.
Figure below displays an example of the formatted Address Book contact defined
by the NAL Research’s NOC server. The first line has the contact phone number,
the second line has the e-mail address and the third line has the home address.
Upon receiving a free-text or canned message from the nano referenced to a
specific Address Book contact, the NAL Research’s NOC server forwards the
message to the e-mail address listed on the second line of the Address Book
contact. Application developers can define their own set of rules with information
contained in the Address Book contact so that their NOC servers can use to
determine the appropriate response.
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
17
Address Book
Gene
Jesse
Sherrel
Peter
Stephanie
Page Up
Compose
Gene
703-392-1136
[email protected]
9300 Courthouse Road
Manassas, VA 20110
Page Down
The Compose menu allows user to edit and send canned messages, free-text
messages or a combination of canned and free-text messages to a NOC server.
Three on-screen keyboards are available for information to be entered or
modified. The up
key can be pressed repeatedly to switch between the
keyboards. When Compose is selected, the Message menu appears with three
options to choose from—Choose Canned Msg, Enter Text and Next.
The Choose Canned Msg option lists out canned messages user can select to send
to a NOC. Sending canned messages saves bandwidth and airtime cost because it
is only short codes that are being transmitted instead of the entire message body.
SatTerm is used to create and save canned messages into the SHOUT nano’s
memory. During setup SatTerm requires connectivity between the nano and a
NOC server to synchronize the lookup table of short codes. As with the Address
Book, short codes are used to map the actual canned messages to a lookup table
located at a NOC. The short codes are defined by application developers and not
by the nano.
Message
Choose Canned Msg
Enter Text
Next
Scroll Up
Scroll Dn
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
Canned Messages
I am here.
Out of gas!!! Please send
On my way home.
Page Up
Page Down
18
The nano can store up to 600 canned messages. Figure on the previous page
displays examples of a few canned messages entered using SatTerm. Each
message is shown on a single line. Some canned messages are too long and can
only be partially displayed on the LCD screen. User can navigate by pressing the
up and down arrow
buttons and by pressing the enter
button to
show the entire message on the Details screen.
When a canned message is selected from the list, for example ‘Out of gas!!!
Please send’ as shown in the figure below, the Details screen will appear to show
the complete message. User has the option to pick a canned message by pressing
the enter
button to Select or the BACK
button to go back to the original
list of canned messages. If the enter button is pressed, the Message menu will reappear with the selected canned message displayed in the text box. Scroll Up and
Scroll Dn soft keys are used to view part of the canned message that does not fit
inside the text box. Remove Canned Msg deletes the message from the text box
at anytime even after free-text is entered.
Details
Out of gas!!! Please send
help immediately.
Select
Message
Out of gas!!! Please send
help immediately.
Remove Canned Msg
Enter Text
Next
Scroll Up
Scroll Dn
Enter Text option lets user create free-text messages with three on-screen
keyboards. Each free-text message is allowed to have up to 309 characters
because the Iridium 9602 limits outbound messages to 340 characters. These 309
characters are shared between a free-text message and any additional e-mail
addresses attached to it (including the semi-colon or space used as e-mail
address separator). Long e-mail addresses or multiple e-mail addresses will
reduce the number of characters available for the free-text message (see detailed
description in the next section). If a canned message is previously selected and
appears in the text box then the entered free-text will be appended to the canned
message.
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
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Message
Please send
Enter Text
an extra pair of gloves
Remove Canned Msg
Enter Text
Next
Scroll Up
Scroll Dn
Done
286
Clear
After finish composing a message, the Next option is used to send the message to
a NOC server. A contact selected from the Address Book and e-mail addresses to
whom the message is destined must be entered through the Choose Contact and
Enter Emails options. Choose Contact opens the Address Book screen. Enter
Emails opens on-screen keyboards allowing user to enter e-mail addresses
separated by a semi-colon. The total number of characters of all e-mail addresses
including the semi-colons must be less than the difference between 309 and the
number of characters in the free-text message. The nano keeps track of the limit
and will prevent user from entering e-mail addresses longer than allowed.
Send To
To: Gene
Emails: [email protected];
[email protected]; [email protected]
Options
To: Gene
Emails: [email protected];
[email protected]; [email protected]
Please bring
an extra pair of gloves
Remove Contact
Enter Emails
Next
Scroll Up
Scroll Dn
Send
Save as Draft
Scroll Up
Scroll Dn
Once all required information is entered, user can either Send the message or
Save as Draft. If Send is selected, a Success screen will appear to indicate that
the message has been added to the Outbox. The nano must be held with the
antennas having full view of the sky. If the Settings/Include GPS option is turned
on then GPS location will be added to the message. Messages with GPS location
takes longer to complete since the nano has to acquire a GPS fix.
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
20
Inbox
The Inbox folder contains all incoming read and unread messages with the newest
message on top of the list. Read messages have a white opened envelope
next to them. Unread messages have a green closed envelope
icon
icon next to
them. The arrow buttons are used to place the cursor over a message and the
enter button is used to read highlighted message. The message icon
will
appear on top of the home screen when an unread message(s) is in the Inbox.
The speaker will provide an audible alert for all new incoming messages. The
SHOUT nano can store up to 690 messages in the Inbox.
Drafts
The Drafts folder contains draft messages saved under the Compose menu. The
nano can store an approximately 190 draft messages with the newest message
displayed on top and the oldest message displayed on bottom of the list. The
arrow up/down buttons are used to place the cursor over a draft message. The
enter button is used to recall and display the highlighted message content.
Options/Edit takes user back to the Compose menu for editing and Options/Delete
removes the message from the Drafts folder. If Send is selected, a Success
screen will appear to indicate that the message has been added to the Outbox.
The nano must then be held in a position with the antennas having full view of the
sky. If the Settings/Include GPS option is turned on then GPS location will be
attached to the message. Messages with GPS location can take longer to complete
since the nano has to acquire a GPS position.
Outbox
The Outbox folder contains either messages in queue ready to be sent or
messages failed to send. A message in the process of being sent has a << symbol
next to it. A message failed to send has an X symbol. And a message in queue
waiting to be sent has no symbol. Once a message is failed to send, it can stay in
the Outbox until user decides to either resend (Enqueue) or delete. The Outbox
can store ~170 messages with the oldest message on top of the list.
Failed to send
Sending
Waiting to be sent
Outbox
x Check-In
x Out of gas
<< Position Report
On my way home
Page Up
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
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21
For each message queued in the Outbox, the nano attempts up to three times to
transmit. After three failures, the message will be dequeued to avoid draining the
battery. User has to manually requeue a message. If the nano is at a location not
suited for transmission, user has to monitor the Outbox and repeatedly requeue
until the message is successfully transmitted. The
symbol appears on top of
the home screen when there is a queued or dequeued message(s) in the Outbox.
NOTE: The SHOUT nano will NOT resend “failed messages” even after the Iridium
signal becomes available. User has to manually requeue a failed message(s) in
order to resend. This is to prevent unintentional depletion of battery power in
case there is large number of failed messages in the Outbox. Failed Cancel 911
message also needs to be requeued.
Sent
The Sent folder contains messages successfully sent to a NOC server. When the
enter button is pressed on a highlighted message, detailed information about the
message appears. The message can be deleted with the Delete soft key. Or the
Options soft key can be selected to resend, forward or delete the message.
Resend puts the message back on the bottom of the Outbox folder’s sending
queue. Forward takes user back to the Compose menu for additional information
to be entered. User can then resend the message after modifying it or cancel the
process. Same as the Delete soft key in the Header menu, Delete permanently
removes the message from the Sent folder. The nano can store ~580 messages in
the Sent folder with the newest message displayed on top of the list.
Check
Mailbox
(Soft Key)
There are four ways the SHOUT nano initiates a mailbox check for any pending
messages at the Iridium gateway:
1. User can manually force the nano to check the mailbox at anytime by
pressing the Check Mailbox soft key under the Messaging menu.
2. User can manually force the nano to check the mailbox at anytime using
the Utilities/Check Mailbox menu.
3. When tracking mode is enabled, the nano automatically checks the
mailbox each time it wakes up to send a position report.
4. When tracking mode is enabled and in addition to checking the mailbox
each time it wakes up to send a report, the nano also automatically wakes
up and checks the mailbox at a preset mailbox check rate. The mailbox
check rate is set using the Report Rate menu option. A position report will
not be sent when the SHOUT nano wakes up to check the mailbox unless
the mailbox check rate coincides with the tracking report rate.
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
22
The Check Mailbox menu can either be in Idle or Checking the Iridium gateway for
any
pending
messages
to
be
downloaded.
As
the
messages
are
being
downloaded, the nano shows the number of Unread messages in the Inbox and
the number of messages still Queued at the Iridium gateway to be downloaded.
----- Iridium
---- GPS
Check Mailbox
Idle
Unread: 0
Queued: 0
----- Iridium
---- GPS
Check Mailbox
Checking…
Unread: 2
Queued: 4
Check
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| Tracking Menu
TRACKING
The Tracking menu allows user to enable the SHOUT nano tracking mode, disable
the tracking mode, set the reporting rate, set the mailbox check rate, cancel the
emergency 911 signal, view the unit reporting data, set GPS location accuracy,
and set the position report format.
----- Iridium
---- GPS
Tracking
Tracking On/Off
Track
On/Off
Track On/Off option is used to set the SHOUT nano tracking mode. When Enable
Tracking is selected, the tracking symbol
changes from dimmed blue to bright
white. The nano immediately turns the GPS receiver on to acquire a GPS fix and
then attempts to transmit a position report. The next position report is sent
automatically based on the reporting rate set under the Report Rate option. A
countdown timer to the next report is displayed inside the parentheses next to the
tracking symbol. When tracking is enabled and the nano sleeps in between
reports, the status LED
flashes once every five seconds. It can be turned off
during sleep to reduce power consumption by using Settings/LED option. The
emergency 911 button can be activated at anytime during tracking mode or nontracking mode. The nano can also be powered up at anytime and be used as a
messaging device.
When wake up to transmit a location report, the nano antennas must have full
view of the sky; otherwise, it will fail to send. A missed report will not be resent.
The entire reporting duration can take up to two minutes depending on the
Iridium satellite visibility and the validity of the GPS ephemeris data. Ephemeris
data saved on the GPS receiver is valid for approximately two hours allowing the
receiver to obtain a hot-start fix. Report rate (time between reports) set to more
than two hours forces the GPS receiver into either a warm-start or cold-start fix
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
24
(~29 seconds). As a result, the nano will consume more battery power and the
total number of reports is significantly reduced. User is encouraged read the
Power Consumption section.
----- Iridium
(10 min)
---- GPS
Tracking
Tracking On/Off
When Tracking is
On, the tracking
symbol changes
from blue to white.
Countdown timer
to next report is
shown inside the
parentheses.
NOTE: When the SHOUT nano is in the middle of sending a report and user forces
it to power off by holding down the power
button, the nano will attempt to
complete sending the report before shutting down. A warning message will appear
on the LCD screen and will remain until either a position report is sent or failed to
send. User can go back to the home screen by simply pressing the BACK button.
The nano logs and saves all position reports in its circular memory. When its
memory is full, the oldest reports are over-written. SatTerm can be used to
retrieve all position reports saved on the nano.
Report Rate Report Rate option is used to set the report frequency (time between reports)
when Track On/Off is enabled. Once a report rate is selected, a new menu
appears requesting for mailbox check rate. The mailbox check rate can be the
same as the report rate. In this case, the nano checks the mailbox each time it
wakes up to send a report. If the mailbox check rate is different than the report
rate, the nano will wake up in between reports to check the mailbox without
sending a position report. The nano only offers the mailbox check rates that are
evenly divisible to the report rate.
IMPORTANT: The total number of reports the nano can send with a fully charged
battery depends on three settings—the report rate, the mailbox check rate and
the Accuracy. User is encouraged to read the Power Consumption section for
details on how these settings can affect the nano performance.
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
25
Cancel 911
After the red emergency
button on the back of the nano is pressed, user can
deactivate the emergency alert by selecting the Cancel 911 option. A screen will
appear with two options to choose from: (i) With Gateway Ack or (ii) Without
Gateway Ack.
When With Gateway Ack is selected and confirmed, the cancellation message is
queued in the Outbox to be transmitted. If the cancellation message is
successfully
transmitted
and
acknowledged
emergency mode ends, the emergency LED
by
the
Iridium
gateway,
the
is turned off and the top and
bottom bars turn from red to blue. Powering the nano off will not cancel the
emergency mode. User MUST select Cancel 911 option to cancel emergency.
When Without Gateway Ack is selected and confirmed, the cancellation message
is queued in the Outbox to be transmitted. The emergency mode ends
immediately, the emergency LED
is turned off and the top and bottom bars
turn from red to blue.
Stats
When Track On/Off is enabled, the SHOUT nano monitors useful statistics which
are displayed under the Stats screen. Data are cumulative over all tracking cycles.
Displayed data can be manually reset at anytime using the Clear Stats soft key. A
countdown timer to the next report is shown beside Time to Next and is replaced
with Off when Track On/Off is disabled. The number of Successes represents the
total number of position reports successfully transmitted to the Iridium network
both with valid and invalid position fix. The number inside the parentheses next to
Successes represents the number of position reports successfully transmitted but
with invalid GPS fix. The number of Fails represents the total number of valid
position reports failed to send to the Iridium network.
----- Iridium
(10 min)
---- GPS
Stats
Time to Next: 0:00:05:20
Tracking Since: 24-Jul-10
12:00AM
Last Report: 24-Jul-10
04:00PM
Report Cycles: 20
Send Attempts: 22
Successes: 20 (1)
Fails: 2
Clear Stats
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
26
Accuracy
Accuracy option allows user to select either Standard or Best accuracy when
acquires a 3-D GPS fix. For Standard setting, the nano acquires 3-D fix using
saved ephemeris data in its non-volatile memory. The ephemeris is updated only
when becomes invalid. For Best setting, the nano always updates the ephemeris
data first before attempting to obtain a 3-D fix. The Best setting takes longer for a
3-D fix. However, the probability of obtaining position accuracy to within 2.5
meters is much higher than for the Standard setting. Best setting is not
recommended when operated in environments with limited view of the sky such
as under heavy foliage. Choosing Best accuracy setting can significantly reduce
the total number of reports on a fully charged battery because of longer GPS
acquisition time. Choosing Best accuracy is the same as setting the report rate to
more than two hours. For both cases, the nano has to update the ephemeris data.
Again, as a reminder, user is encouraged to read the Power Consumption section.
Format
The SHOUT nano can transmit position reports in either 30-byte format or 10-byte
format. The 30-byte format includes UTC date, UTC time, latitude, longitude,
altitude, speed, course, vertical velocity, number of satellites used to obtain 3-D
fix, HDOP and VDOP. The latitude and longitude are recorded with ~0.18 meters
resolution.
The 10-byte format includes UTC time, latitude, longitude and PDOP. With UTC
date omitted, the nano relies on the NOC server to record the date. Encryption
cannot be used with the 10-byte format. Latitude and longitude are recorded with
~1.1 meters resolution. Even though the message length is shorter, a 10-byte
format message consumes the same amount of power to transmit as a 30-byte
format. It is to be selected strictly for the purpose of airtime cost-saving.
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
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| Utilities Menu
UTILITIES
The Utilities menu provides six options used mainly to check for proper hardware
and network setup. These include Check GPS, Check Iridium, send Test Report,
Check Mailbox, Check-In and Way Points.
----- Iridium
---- GPS
Utilities
Check GPS
Check GPS
Check GPS option forces the SHOUT nano to turn on its GPS receiver and to
continuously update and display GPS data in real-time whether there is a valid fix
or not. The GPS receiver remains on until user leaves this screen by pressing the
BACK button. The Reset Ephemeris soft key is used to force the nano to erase
saved ephemeris in its memory and download a new set of ephemeris data. User
must be careful not to deplete the battery power by staying on this option for too
long.
The accuracy of the position can be monitored by observing the HACC. HACC
stands for horizontal accuracy in meters. HACC is defined as the radius of a circle
centered on the true value that contains the GPS measurement. Thus, a position
fix with ten meters HACC accuracy indicates that it is within ten meters of the
true
position—the
higher
the
HACC
value,
the
less
accurate
the
GPS
measurement.
Check GPS option is a good indicator of letting user know whether or not to
initiate a Way Point or a Test Report when located in a challenging environment;
e.g. in dense foliage or around urban settings with tall buildings. HACC can be
monitored in real-time to make sure it converges to a small and stable value
(usually less than 30 meters). At which point, it is certain that a 3-D fix can be
obtained with the most current ephemeris data being updated and saved. User
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
28
can then go back to the Utilities menu to send a test report. When the GPS
receiver cannot acquire a fix, HACC gradually increases and, at some point, stops
at a value of 4294967.500. It is an indicative that the surrounding obstructions
prevent the GPS receiver from obtaining a fix and user should move on to a
different location.
Check
Iridium
Check Iridium option forces the SHOUT nano to turn on its Iridium transceiver and
continuously update and display signal strength information in real-time. The
Iridium transceiver remains on until user leaves this screen by pressing the BACK
button. User must be careful not to deplete the battery power by staying on this
option for too long.
Test Report When the Test Report option is selected, the SHOUT nano immediately turns the
GPS receiver on to refresh its location data. The location information is
continuously updated and displayed in real-time whether there is a valid fix or
not. Similar to the Check GPS option, HACC can be monitored to see if a valid fix
is possible. Once a valid fix is obtained, the GPS receiver is turned off and the
most recent 3-D fix information is displayed on the screen. This information called
test report can be forced to send to a NOC server by pressing the Send soft key.
A test report has the same format as a regular position report and is being
treated as such by a NOC. Sending a test report will not disrupt or change the
tracking reporting rate.
Test Report option is a good diagnostic tool used to ensure proper operation of
the GPS receiver and the Iridium transceiver. It can also be used to manage
battery life by turning off tracking mode and strategically send on-demand
location reports. It can be considered as “manual tracking mode”.
Check
Mailbox
Detailed description of this option can be found on page 22.
Check-In
Detailed description of this option can be found on page 14.
Way Points The Way Points menu is used to acquire, view, save, delete or send a waypoint to
a NOC. Choosing the New option is the same as pressing the Way Point soft key
on the home screen (see page 14 for detailed description). A list of saved
waypoints can be displayed and viewed by selecting the List option. After
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
29
selecting the List option, any saved waypoint label can be edited, sent/re-send or
erased. The nano can save up to 1,000 way points in its circular memory.
SatTerm can be used to retrieve waypoints saved on the nano.
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
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| Settings Menu
SETTINGS
The Settings menu allows user to view and configure the SHOUT nano hardware
settings. There are twelve options available.
----- Iridium
---- GPS
Settings
Audio
Audio
Audio option is used to change the alert frequency and tone, mute incoming
message alert and mute all audio feedback. The
icon will appear on the home
screen if Mute All is on. User can test the audio volume and sound before
selecting by using the Preview soft key.
Contrast
Contrast option is used to change the LCD contrast by pressing the arrow up and
down buttons. Press the enter button to select the setting and press the BACK
button to go back to the Settings menu without change.
Backlight
Backlight option is used to set the period of inactivity after which time the SHOUT
nano turns the LCD backlight off. The nano consumes approximately 40mA less
with the LCD backlight set to Always Off. Setting the backlight to Always On is
recommended for night time use.
LED
The SHOUT nano has a single status LED
on the top left corner to alert user of
whether the device is in tracking mode or emergency mode. The LED flashes once
every five seconds when Track On/Off is enabled and the device sleeps (in
between tracking reports). The LED turns solid green when Emergency mode is
enabled regardless of whether the device is on or off. The LED can be turned off
for either of these two cases to save battery power using the LED option. The
nano consumes approximately 3mA less with the LED disabled during emergency
and 125A less with LED disabled during tracking mode.
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
31
Include GPS Include GPS option forces the SHOUT nano to attach GPS location to Check-In,
canned and free-text messages. Under default setting, these messages do not
have GPS information included. Messages with GPS location included can take
longer to complete since the nano has to acquire a GPS fix first. Depending on the
validity of the stored ephemeris data or the Accuracy setting, it could take an
additional 29 seconds.
Format
Format option is used to select one of three different GPS position formats to be
displayed on the LCD screen. This option is not to be confused with the Format
option under Tracking, which defines the format of position report to be
transmitted to a NOC.
Time and
Date
Time and Date option is used to select UTC time and date formats to be displayed
Soft Keys
When tracking mode is enabled and the SHOUT nano is off (sleeps between
on the LCD screen for all menus. Local time zone can also be set.
reports), either Check-In or Way Point can be activated by pressing one of these
two soft keys without first pressing the power on button. This feature can be
disabled by using the Soft Keys option to prevent accidental powered up and,
thus, forcing user to turn the nano on first by pressing the power button before
activating the Check-In or Way Point soft key.
User Info
User Info option displays user information entered using SatTerm software.
Unit Info
Unit Info option displays the internal 9602 module’s IMEI number, Iridium FCC ID,
Iridium IC ID and the nano’s firmware version.
Memory
Memory option is used to clear messages in all mail boxes or clear messages in
each individual mail box—Drafts, Inbox, Outbox and Sent.
Reset
Reset option restores all setup parameters back to the manufacturer’s settings.
When Reset is selected, a screen will appear with the current settings and user
will be asked to confirm whether or not to reset these current settings back to the
manufacturer’s default settings.
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
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| Additional Features
EMERGENCY
(911)
BUTTON
The red emergency 911 button
is located underneath a rotating guard in the
back of the SHOUT nano. It can be used at anytime regardless of the tracking
status (enabled or disabled) or the power status (on or off) of the device. When
pressed, the emergency LED
immediately turns solid green to indicate that the
device is in emergency mode. The LED can be deactivated to extend the battery
life by using the Settings/LED/Power LED emergency option. If the LCD screen is
on during emergency activation, the blue bars across the top and bottom of the
screen turn red. The device sends three consecutive reports to a NOC as quickly
as possible. After sending the first three emergency reports, the nano reverts
back to the default emergency time-between-reports (TBR) of two minutes.
During emergency a NOC can send an acknowledgement back to the nano.
The status LED
turns solid green
under Emergency
mode.
----- Iridium
(<1 min)
---- GPS
Tracking
Tracking On/Off
STATUS LED
These two bars
turn from blue to
red under
Emergency mode.
They both turn
back to blue when
the device is taken
out of Emergency
mode.
There is one status LED on the top left of the SHOUT nano. The LED turns solid
green when the nano is in emergency mode, which can be deactivated to save
power using Settings/LED/Power LED Emergency option. It flashes once every five
seconds when the nano is off and tracking is enabled. Again, it can be deactivated
to save power using Setting/LED/Power LED Tracking option.
POWERING
DOWN
The SHOUT nano can be powered down by holding the power On/Off
button
for approximately two seconds. A power down screen will appear with a message
indicating tracking and messaging will be completely turned off. The screen stays
on for approximately ten seconds before shutting down. User can “Turn Off” the
nano immediately by pressing the left soft key or can “Cancel” shut down by
pressing the right soft key.
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
33
Powering down…
Device will not track or
receive messages.
Turn Off
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
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34
| Appendix A: PMS Features
TRACKING
The nano is capable of sending position reports in PECOS Message Structure
(PMS). The PMS complies with the Blue Force Tracking Data Format Specification
as defined in the document PECOS 200708-001 Version 1.3. The nanos are
shipped without PMS features activated and can only be enabled by NAL Research
at the request of an authorized user. When PMS is enabled, the Format menu has
an additional option called PECOS as shown in the figure below.
----- Iridium
---- GPS
Tracking
Format
O Full, 30 bytes
O Position Only, 10 bytes
O PECOS
Format
Brevity
Code
With PMS enabled, user has the option to select any one of sixteen Brevity Codes
(0000 through 1111) to be included in the tracking reports. There are two ways to
set the Brevity Code:
1. Under the Tracking/Brevity Code menu, the
and
soft keys can be
pressed repeatedly to browse through the list of codes. The code appeared
on the screen will be automatically used by the nano to include in the
tracking reports. No further action is needed to select the brevity code.
----- Iridium
---- GPS
Tracking
OA
Brevity Code
OB OC OD
Format
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
35
2. When the PECOS format is selected using the Tracking/Format menu, the
default Brevity Code setting appears at the bottom of the home screen
replacing Check-In and Way Point. The
and
soft keys can be pressed
repeatedly to browse through the list of Brevity Codes. The code appeared
on the screen will be automatically used by the nano to include in the
tracking reports. No further action is needed to select the brevity code.
----- Iridium
---- GPS
20-Jul-10
(10 min)
08:00 AM
Messaging
Last Report
Date: 20-Jul-10
Time: 08:00AM
Lat: 38:45:8.7 N
Long: -77:28:58.3 W
OA
Soft Keys
OB
OC
OD
When the PECOS format is enabled using the Tracking/Format menu, the CheckIn and Way Point features are replaced with the Brevity Code at the bottom of the
home screen. User can override the Brevity Code soft keys and revert back to the
Check-In and Way Point soft keys by going to the Settings/Soft Keys/PECOS
menu to turn the PECOS soft keys off. After turning the PECOS soft keys off, the
Brevity Code setting can only be configured through the Tracking/Brevity Code
menu.
Soft Keys
Check-In
Way Point
PECOS
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
36
Cancel 911
With
Soft Keys
When the PECOS format is enabled and after the emergency button is pressed,
the soft keys on the home screen are replaced with “X Emr w/” and “X Emr w/o”
as shown in the figure below. As an alternative to using the Cancel 911 menu,
these two soft keys can also be used to deactivate the emergency alert. Pressing
the “X Emr w/” soft key is the same as choosing the With Gateway Ack under the
Cancel 911 menu. Pressing the “X Emer w/o” soft key is the same as choosing the
Without Gateway Ack under the Cancel 911 menu.
----- Iridium
---- GPS
20-Jul-10
(10 min)
08:00 AM
Messaging
Last Report
Date: 20-Jul-10
Time: 08:00AM
Lat: 38:45:8.7 N
Long: -77:28:58.3 W
X Emr w/
X Emr w/o
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
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| Appendix B: Upgrading the Firmware
The SHOUT nano firmware can be upgraded using a PC connected to the USB port
of the device. The device drivers support Windows XP, Windows Vista and
Windows 7.
1. Run the NAL USB Bootloader program.
2. With a USB cable attached to a computer and the device, press the
“Start Flash Mode” button.
3. Wait until it activates and then press the "Open Hex File" button.
4. Browse and select a valid NAL device BIN file. NAL Research makes the
BIN file available upon request.
5. Once the BIN file is loaded, press the "Program/Verify" button.
6. Wait for the programming to complete.
7. Press the "Reset Device" button.
8. The new firmware is now loaded on the device.
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
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| Appendix C: Power Consumption
The SHOUT nano has an internal 1.95 A-Hr Li-Ion rechargeable battery. When
both the Iridium and GPS antennas have clear view of the sky and the battery is
fully charged, the nano is capable of sending more than 1,500 tracking reports
with the following settings: (1) report rate of less than two hours, (2) mailbox
check rate and the report rate are the same and (3) Standard Accuracy. Blocked
or partially blocked antennas will force the nano to retry multiple SBD
transmissions for each report and, as a result, can significantly reduce the overall
number of reporting cycles.
The nano saves valid ephemeris data after each 3-D fix. The data is used to
reduce acquisition time in the next reporting cycle from cold-start to hot-start. If
the ephemeris data is older than two hours (time between reports is set for more
than two hours), the GPS receiver will go through cold-start each time it wakes up
to send a report. As a result, the nano configured for report rate of more than two
hours and Standard Accuracy can only send ~750 tracking reports. Setting the
Accuracy to Best also reduces the number of tracking reports to ~750 regardless
of the report rate setting.
IMPORTANT: Data presented here are only estimates and are highly dependent
on the operating environment, accuracy setting and antenna type. Data are based
on measurements made with multiple nano devices placed on the roof of NAL
Research’s facility with no blockage.
Each time the nano wakes up to send a report, it has two minutes to acquire a
GPS fix and send an Iridium SBD message. Assuming the ephemeris data is valid
(less than two hours old or time-between-reports is less than two hours) and the
Accuracy option is set to Standard, the GPS receiver takes about 10 seconds for a
position fix drawing approximately 55mA. The Iridium transceiver takes about 10
seconds to transmit an SBD message drawing an average current of 110mA. The
nano circuit draws about 125mA during 25-second reporting cycle. The entire
reporting cycle consumes ~1.32 mA-Hr of battery power. If the Iridium antenna is
blocked or an overhead Iridium satellite is not available, the Iridium transceiver
can potentially stay on for another 100 seconds in attempting to send a report.
This results in additional consumption of 9.7 mA-Hr or 11 mA-Hr total. A missed
report consumes ~8.5 times more power than a ‘normal’ transmitted report.
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
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| Appendix D: Design Specifications
The SHOUT nano comprises of a 9602 Iridium modem, a u-blox GPS receiver, a
GPS and an Iridium antennas, a Li-Ion battery, an LCD and an NAL Research
controller board. It is designed to operate with the Iridium network using SBD
only.
Mechanical Specifications
Dimensions: 4.0” x 2.2” x 0.8” (102 mm x 56 mm x 20 mm)
Weight:
~6.5 oz (184 g)
Enclosure:
Hard anodized aluminum housing/EMI shielding
Connector:
USB
Antennas:
Helix for Iridium and patch for GPS
Keyboard:
Seven buttons
Emergency:
Guarded button
LED:
One status LED (power, tracking and emergency)
Electrical Specifications
Main Input Voltage:
3.0VDC to 5.0VDC
Peak Current:
1.5A @ 4.2VDC
Battery Type:
Lithium Ion
Battery Capacity:
1.95 A-Hr
Charging Voltage:
USB 1.0, USB 2.0 or 4–5VDC
Rechargeable Cycles: 500 times
Power Consumption: See previous section
Iridium Transceiver
Operating Frequency: 1616 to 1626 MHz
Duplexing Method:
TDD
Multiplexing Method:
TDMA/FDMA
Link Margin Downlink: 13 dB average (free space)
Link Margin Uplink:
7 dB average (free space)
GPS Receiver
GPS Receiver:
u-blox NEO-5Q or NEO-6Q
Receiver Type:
L1, C/A, 50-channel
Update Rate:
4 Hz
Accuracy:
2.5 m CEP (position)
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2.0 m CEP (SBAS)
Acquisition:
29 seconds cold-start
29 seconds warm-start
<1 second hot-start
Sensitivity:
–160 dBm (tracking)
–160 dBm (reacquisition)
–144 dBm (cold-start)
Environmental Specifications (Electronics)
Operating Temperature:
–40oF to +185oF (–40oC to +85oC)
Operating Humidity:
≤ 75% RH
Storage Temperature:
–40oF to +185oF (–40oC to +85oC)
Storage Humidity:
≤ 93% RH
Environmental Specifications (Battery)
Operating Temperature:
–4oF to +140oF (–20oC to +60oC)
Operating Humidity:
≤ 90% RH
Storage Temperature:
–4oF to +95oF (–20oC to +35oC)
Storage Humidity:
≤ 95% RH
Charge Temperature:
32oF to +113oF (0oC to +45oC)
Environmental Specifications (LCD)
Operating Temperature:
–4oF to +131oF (–20oC to +55oC)
Operating Humidity Range:
≤ 90% RH
Storage Temperature Range: –40oF to +185oF (–40oC to +85oC)
Storage Humidity Range:
SHOUT nano User’s Manual Version 1.0.1
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41
| Appendix E: Standard Compliance
The SHOUT nano has an internal Iridium 9602 transceiver. The 9602 is tested to
the regulatory and technical certifications shown below. It is assigned to the FCC
Identifier Q639602.
REGULATORY
APPROVALS
RADIO TESTS
EMC TESTS
MECHANICAL/
ELECTRICAL TESTS
CE
ETSI EN 301 441 V1.1.1
(2000-05)
ETSI EN 301 489-1 V1.4.1 (2002-08)
EN60950-1:2001 Part 1
ETSI EN 301 489-20 V1.2.1 (2002-11)
UL60950-1 Part 1
FCC
FCC CFR47 Parts 2, 15,
and 25
Industry
Canada
Industry Canada
RSS170 Issue 1, Rev 1,
November 6, 1999
EN61000-4-2: 1995/A2:2001 Part 4.2
EN61000-4-3: 2002 Part 4.3
EN61000-4-4: 1995/A1:2001/A2:2001 Part 4.4
EN61000-4-6: 1996/A1: 2001 Part 4.6
EN55022: 1998/A1: 2000/A2: 2003
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| Appendix F: Export Compliance
The SHOUT nano is controlled by the export laws and regulations of the United
States of America (US). It is the policy of NAL Research to fully comply with all
U.S. export and economic sanction laws and regulations. The export of NAL
Research products, services, hardware, software and technology must be made
only in accordance with the laws, regulations and licensing requirements of the
U.S. Government. NAL Research customers must also comply with these laws and
regulations. Failure to comply can result in the imposition of fines and penalties,
the loss of export privileges, and termination of your contractual agreements with
NAL Research.
The export and re-export of NAL Research products and services are subject to
regulation by the Export Administration Regulations (15 CFR 730-744), as
administered by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and
Security (“BIS”). See: http://www.bxa.doc.gov for further information on BIS and
the Export Administration Regulations (EAR). Additional export restrictions are
administered by the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Asset
Controls (“OFAC”). See: http://www.ustreas.gov/ofac for further information on
OFAC and its requirements.
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