Candida albicans TM SC RG iQ A MX ENG ver - bio

Candida albicans TM SC RG iQ A MX ENG ver - bio
IVD
For in Vitro Diagnostic Use
Candida albicans Real-TM
Handbook
Real Time PCR kit for qualitative detection of
Candida albicans
REF F1-100FRT
REF TF1-100FRT
100
Sacace™ Candida albicans Real-TM
VER. 21.03.2013
NAME
Candida albicans Real-TM
INTRODUCTION
Candida albicans is a diploid fungus that grows both as yeast and filamentous cells and a
causal agent of opportunistic oral and genital infections in humans. Systemic fungal infections
(fungemias) including those by C. albicans have emerged as important causes of morbidity and
mortality in immunocompromised patients (e.g., AIDS, cancer chemotherapy, organ or bone
marrow transplantation). In addition, hospital-acquired infections by C. albicans have become a
cause of major health concerns.
INTENDED USE
Kit Candida albicans Real-TM is a test for the qualitative detection of Candida albicans in the
urogenital swabs, urine, prostatic liquid and other biological materials.
PRINCIPLE OF ASSAY
Kit Candida albicans Real-TM is based on two major processes: isolation of DNA from
specimens and Real Time amplification. Candida albicans DNA is extracted from the
specimens, amplified in Real Time PCR and detected using fluorescent reporter dye probes
specific for Candida albicans DNA and Internal Control. Internal Control (IC) serves as an
amplification control for each individually processed specimen and to identify possible reaction
inhibition. IC is detected in a channel other than the Candida albicans DNA.
Sacace™ Candida albicans Real-TM
VER. 21.03.2013
MATERIALS PROVIDED
Module No.1: Real Time PCR kit (F1-100FRT)
Part N° 2 – “Candida albicans Real-TM”: Real Time amplification
•
PCR-mix-1-FRT, 1,2 ml;
•
PCR-Buffer-FRT, 2 x 0,35 ml;
•
TaqF Polymerase, 2 x 0,03 ml;
•
Pos C+, 0,2 ml;
•
Negative Control C-, 1,2 ml;*
•
Internal Control IC, 1,0 ml;**
•
DNA-buffer, 0,5 ml;
Contains reagents for 110 tests.
Module No.2: Complete Real Time PCR test with DNA purification kit (TF1-100FRT)
Part N° 1 – “DNA-Sorb-A”: sample preparation
•
Lysis Solution, 2 x 15 ml;
•
Sorbent, 2 x 1,0 ml;
•
Washing Solution, 2 x 50 ml;
•
DNA-eluent, 2 x 5 ml;
•
Transport medium , 2 x 15 ml.
Contains reagents for 100 tests.
Part N° 2 – “Candida albicans Real-TM”: Real Time amplification
•
PCR-mix-1-FRT, 1,2 ml;
•
PCR-Buffer-FRT, 2 x 0,35 ml;
•
TaqF Polymerase, 2 x 0,03 ml;
•
Pos C+, 0,2 ml;
•
Negative Control C-, 1,2 ml;*
•
Internal Control IC, 1,0 ml;**
•
DNA-buffer, 0,5 ml;
Contains reagents for 110 tests.
*must be used in the isolation procedure as Negative Control of Extraction.
**add 10 µl of Internal Control during the DNA isolation directly to the sample/lysis mixture (see DNA-Sorb-A
REF K-1-1/A protocol).
Sacace™ Candida albicans Real-TM
VER. 21.03.2013
MATERIALS REQUIRED BUT NOT PROVIDED
Zone 1: sample preparation:
•
DNA extraction kit (Module No. 1)
•
Biological cabinet
•
Desktop microcentrifuge for “eppendorf” type tubes
•
Dry heat block
•
Vortex mixer
•
Pipettes
•
1,5 ml polypropylene sterile tubes
•
Biohazard waste container
•
Refrigerator
•
Freezer
Zone 2: Real Time amplification:
•
Real Time Thermal cycler
•
Reaction tubes
•
Workstation
•
Pipettes (adjustable)
•
Sterile pipette tips with filters
•
Desktop centrifuge with rotor for 1,5/2,0 ml tubes
•
Vortex mixer
•
Freezer, refrigerator
STORAGE INSTRUCTIONS
Candida albicans Real-TM must be stored at 2-8°C. TaqF Polymerase must be stored at 16°C. DNA-sorb-A must be stored at 2-8°C. The kits can be shipped at 2-8°C but should be
stored at 2-8°C and -16°C immediately on receipt.
STABILITY
Candida albicans Real-TM is stable up to the expiration date indicated on the kit label. The
product will maintain performance through the control date printed on the label. Exposure to
light, heat or humidity may affect the shelf life of some of the kit components and should be
avoided. Repeated thawing and freezing of these reagents should be avoided, as this may
reduce the sensitivity.
QUALITY CONTROL
In accordance with Sacace’s ISO 13485-Certified Quality Management System, each lot is
tested against predetermined specifications to ensure consistent product quality.
Sacace™ Candida albicans Real-TM
VER. 21.03.2013
WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Device
For In Vitro Diagnostic Use Only
The user should always pay attention to the following:
•
Lysis Solution contains guanidine thiocyanate*. Guanidine thiocyanate is harmful if
inhaled, or comes into contact with skin or if swallowed. Contact with acid releases toxic gas.
(Xn; R: 20/21/22-36/37/38; S: 36/37/39).
• Use sterile pipette tips with aerosol barriers and use new tip for every procedure.
• Store extracted positive material (samples, controls and amplicons) away from all other reagents
and add it to the reaction mix in a separate area.
• Thaw all components thoroughly at room temperature before starting an assay.
• When thawed, mix the components and centrifuge briefly.
• Use disposable gloves, laboratory coats and eye protection when handling specimens and
reagents. Thoroughly wash hands afterwards.
• Do not eat, drink, smoke, apply cosmetics, or handle contact lenses in laboratory work areas.
• Do not use a kit after its expiration date.
• Dispose of all specimens and unused reagents in accordance with local authorities’
regulations.
• Specimens should be considered potentially infectious and handled in a biological cabinet in
accordance with appropriate biosafety practices.
• Clean and disinfect all sample or reagent spills using a disinfectant such as 0.5% sodium
hypochlorite, or other suitable disinfectant.
• Avoid sample or reagent contact with the skin, eyes, and mucous membranes. If skin, eyes,
or mucous membranes come into contact, rinse immediately with water and seek medical
advice immediately.
• Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) are available on request.
• Use of this product should be limited to personnel trained in the techniques of DNA
amplification.
• The laboratory process must be one-directional, it should begin in the Extraction Area and
then move to the Amplification and Detection Areas. Do not return samples, equipment and
reagents to the area in which the previous step was performed.
Some components of this kit contain sodium azide as a preservative. Do not use
metal tubing for reagent transfer.
* Only for Module No.2
Sacace™ Candida albicans Real-TM
VER. 21.03.2013
PRODUCT USE LIMITATIONS
All reagents may exclusively be used in in vitro diagnostics. Use of this product should be
limited to personnel trained in the techniques of DNA amplification (EN375). Strict compliance
with the user manual is required for optimal PCR results. Attention should be paid to expiration
dates printed on the box and labels of all components. Do not use a kit after its expiration date.
SAMPLE COLLECTION, STORAGE AND TRANSPORT
Candida albicans Real-TM can analyze DNA extracted from:
•
cervical, urethral swabs: insert the swab into the nuclease-free 1,5 ml tube and add 0,2 ml
of Transport medium. Vigorously agitate swabs in medium for 15-20 sec.
•
urine sediment : collect 10-20 ml of first-catch urine in a sterile container. Centrifuge for 30
min at 3000 x g, carefully discard the supernatant and leave about 200 µl of solution.
Resuspend the sediment. Use the suspension for the DNA extraction.
It is recommended to process samples immediately after collection. Store samples at 2–8 °C
for no longer than 24 hours, or freeze at –20/80°C. Transportation of clinical specimens must
comply with country, federal, state and local regulations for the transport of etiologic agents.
DNA ISOLATION
The following kit is recommended:
DNA-Sorb-A (Sacace, REF K-1-1/A)
Please carry out DNA extraction according to the manufacture’s instruction. Add 10 µl of
Internal Control during DNA isolation procedure directly to the sample/lysis mixture.
(Note: the Sacace Internal Control is the same for all urogenital infection Real Time kits)
Sacace™ Candida albicans Real-TM
VER. 21.03.2013
SPECIMEN AND REAGENT PREPARATION (reagents supplied with the module no.2)
1. Lysis Solution and Washing Solution (in case of their storage at +2-8°C) should be
warmed up to 60–65°C until disappearance of ice crystals. Prepare required quantity of 1.5
ml polypropylene tubes including one tube for Negative Control of Extraction.
2. Add to each tube 10 µl of Internal Control and 300 µl of Lysis Solution.
3. Add 100 µl of Samples to the appropriate tube.
4. Prepare Controls as follows:
• add 100 µl of C– (Neg Control provided with the amplification kit) to the tube labeled
Cneg.
5. Vortex the tubes and incubate for 5 min at 65°C. Centrifuge for 5-7 sec. If the sample is not
completely dissolved it is recommended to re-centrifuge the tube for 5 min at a maximum
speed (12000-16000 g.) and transfer the supernatant into a new tube for DNA extraction.
6. Vortex vigorously Sorbent and add 20 µl to each tube.
7. Vortex for 5-7 sec and incubate all tubes for 3 min at room temperature. Repeat this step.
8. Centrifuge all tubes for 30 sec at 5000g and using a micropipette with a plugged aerosol
barrier tip, carefully remove and discard supernatant from each tube without disturbing the
pellet. Change tips between the tubes.
9. Add 500 µl of Washing Solution to each tube. Vortex very vigorously and centrifuge for 30
sec at 10000g. Remove and discard supernatant from each tube.
10. Repeat step 9 and incubate all tubes with open cap for 5-10 min at 65°C.
11. Resuspend the pellet in 100 µl of DNA-eluent. Incubate for 5 min at 65°C and vortex
periodically.
12. Centrifuge the tubes for 1 min at 12000g.
13. The supernatant contains DNA ready for amplification. If amplification is not performed in
the same day of extraction, the processed samples can be stored at 2-8°C for at maximum
period of 5 days or frozen at –20°/-80°C.
PROTOCOL:
1. Prepare required quantity of reaction tubes for samples (N) and controls (N+2).
2. Prepare in the new sterile tube for each sample 10*(N+1) µl of PCR-mix-1-FRT, 5,0*(N+1)
of PCR-Buffer-FRT and 0,5*(N+1) of TaqF DNA Polymerase. Vortex and centrifuge for 2-3
sec.
3. Add to each tube 15 µl of Reaction Mix and 10 µl of extracted DNA sample to appropriate
tube. Mix by pipetting.
4. Prepare for each panel 2 controls:
●
add 10 µl of DNA-buffer to the tube labeled Amplification Negative Control;
●
add 10 µl of Positive Control C+ to the tube labeled Amplification Positive Control;
5. Insert the tubes in the thermalcycler.
Sacace™ Candida albicans Real-TM
VER. 21.03.2013
Amplification
1. Create a temperature profile on your instrument as follows:
Rotor-type Instruments1
Step
1
2
Тemperature,
°С
95
95
60
72
95
3
60
72
Plate- or modular type Instruments2
Time
Repeats
15 min
5s
20 s
15 s
5s
20 s
fluorescent
signal detection
15 s
1
5
40
Тemperature,
°С
95
95
60
72
95
60
72
Time
Repeats
15 min
5s
20 s
15 s
5s
30 s
fluorescent
signal detection
15 s
1
5
40
1
For example Rotor-Gene™ 3000/6000/Q (Corbett Research, Qiagen)
2
For example, SaCycler-96™ (Sacace), CFX/iQ5™ (BioRad); Mx3005P™ (Agilent), ABI® 7300/7500/StepOne Real
Time PCR (Applied Biosystems), SmartCycler® (Cepheid), LineGeneK® (Bioer)
Fluorescence is detected at the 2nd step of Cycling 2 stage (60 °C) in FAM/Green and
JOE/Yellow/Hex/Cy3 fluorescence channels.
Candida
albicans
is
detected
on
the
FAM
(Green)
channel,
IC
DNA
on
the
JOE(Yellow)/HEX/Cy3 channel
INSTRUMENT SETTINGS
Rotor-type instruments
Calibrate/Gain
Channel
Optimisation…
Threshold
More Settings/
Outlier Removal
Slope Correct
FAM/Green
from 5 Fl to 10 Fl
0.1
5%
Off
JOE/Yellow
from 4 Fl to 8 Fl
0.1
5%
Off
Plate-type instruments
The threshold line should cross only sigmoid curves of signal accumulation of positive samples
and should not cross the baseline; otherwise, the threshold level should be raised. Set the
threshold at a level where fluorescence curves are linear and do not cross curves of the
negative samples.
Boundary value of the cycle threshold, Ct
Sample
C+
Clinical samples, C-
Sacace™ Candida albicans Real-TM
Channel for
fluorophore
FAM/Green
JOE/Yellow/Hex/Cy3
JOE/Yellow/Hex/Cy3
Ct boundary value
Rotor-type
Plate-type
instruments
instruments
33
36
30
33
30
33
VER. 21.03.2013
DATA ANALYSIS
The fluorescent signal intensity is detected in two channels:
− The signal from the Candida albicans DNA amplification product is detected in the
FAM/Green channel;
− The
signal
from
the
Internal
Control
amplification
product
is
detected
in
the
JOE/Yellow/HEX/Cy3 channel.
Interpretation of results
The results are interpreted by the software of the instrument by the crossing (or not crossing) of
the fluorescence curve with the threshold line.
Principle of interpretation:

Candida albicans DNA is detected in a sample if its Ct value is present in the FAM channel.
The fluorescence curve should cross the threshold line in the area of exponential
fluorescence growth.

Candida albicans DNA is not detected in a sample if its Ct value is absent in the FAM
channel (fluorescence curve does not cross the threshold line) while the Ct value in the JOE
channel is less than 33.

The result is invalid if the Ct value of a sample in the FAM channel is absent while the Ct
value in the JOE channel is either absent or greater than the specified boundary value (Ct >
33). It is necessary to repeat the PCR analysis of such samples.
The result of analysis is considered reliable only if the results obtained for Positive and Negative
Controls of amplification as well as for the Negative Control of extraction are correct (Table 2).
Table 2. Results for controls
Control Stage for control
Ct channel Fam
Ct channel Joe
Interpretation
NCE
DNA isolation
NEG
POS
Valid result
NCA
Amplification
NEG
NEG
Valid result
C+
Amplification
POS
POS
Valid result
Sacace™ Candida albicans Real-TM
VER. 21.03.2013
QUALITY CONTROL PROCEDURE
A defined quantity of Internal Control (IC) is introduced into each sample and control at the
beginning of sample preparation procedure in order to control the extraction process of each
individual sample and to identify possible reaction inhibition.
A negative control of extraction (NCE), negative amplification control (NCA), positive
amplification control (C+) are required for every run to verify that the specimen preparation, the
amplification and the detection steps are performed correctly.
If the controls are out of their expected range (see table Results for Controls), all of the
specimens and controls from that run must be processed beginning from the sample
preparation step.
SPECIFICATIONS
Sensitivity
The analytical sensitivity of Candida albicans Real-TM PCR kit is specified in the table below.
Clinical material
DNA extraction kit
Analytical sensitivity, GE/ml*
Swabs
DNA-sorb-A
5 x 102
* Genome equivalents (GE) of the microorganism per 1 ml of a clinical sample placed in the
transport medium specified.
Specificity
The analytical specificity of Candida albicans Real-TM PCR kit is ensured by selection of
specific primers and probes as well as by selection of stringent reaction conditions. The primers
and probes were checked for possible homologies to all sequences published in gene banks by
sequence comparison analysis. There were no nonspecific responses during examination of
human DNA as well as DNA panel of the following microorganisms: Mycoplasma hominis,
Lactobacillus spp., Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes,
Streptococcus agalactiae, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Ureaplasma urealyticum, Ureaplasma
parvum, Mycoplasma genitalium, Neisseria flava, Neisseria subflava, Neisseria sicca, Neisseria
mucosa, Chlamydia trachomatis, Trichomonas vaginalis, Gardnerella vaginalis, Toxoplasma
gondii, HSV type 1 and 2, CMV, and HPV.
Sacace™ Candida albicans Real-TM
VER. 21.03.2013
TROUBLESHOOTING
1. Weak or no signal of the IC (Joe/Hex/Cy3 channel) for the Negative Control of extraction.
•
The PCR was inhibited.
⇒ Make sure that you use a recommended DNA extraction method and
follow to the manufacturer’s instructions.
⇒ Re-centrifuge all the tubes before pipetting of the extracted DNA for 2
min at maximum speed (12000-16000 g) and take carefully
supernatant. Don’t disturb the pellet, sorbent inhibit reaction.
•
The reagents storage conditions didn’t comply with the instructions.
⇒ Check the storage conditions
•
Improper DNA extraction.
⇒ Repeat analysis starting from the DNA extraction stage
•
The PCR conditions didn’t comply with the instructions.
⇒ Check the PCR conditions and select for the IC detection the
fluorescence channel reported in the protocol.
•
The IC was not added to the sample during the pipetting of reagents.
⇒ Make attention during the DNA extraction procedure.
2. Weak or no signal of the Positive Control.
•
The PCR conditions didn’t comply with the instructions.
⇒ Check the amplification protocol and select the fluorescence channel
reported in the manual.
3. Fam (Green) signal with Negative Control of extraction.
•
Contamination during DNA extraction procedure. All samples results are invalid.
⇒ Decontaminate all surfaces and instruments with sodium hypochlorite
and ethanol.
⇒ Use only filter tips during the extraction procedure. Change tips
between tubes.
⇒ Repeat the DNA extraction with the new set of reagents.
4. Any signal with Negative Control of PCR (DNA-buffer).
•
Contamination during PCR preparation procedure. All samples results are
invalid.
⇒ Decontaminate all surfaces and instruments with sodium hypochlorite
and ethanol or special DNA decontamination reagents.
⇒ Pipette the Positive control at last.
⇒ Repeat the PCR preparation with the new set of reagents.
Sacace™ Candida albicans Real-TM
VER. 21.03.2013
KEY TO SYMBOLS USED
List Number
Caution!
Lot Number
Contains sufficient
for <n> tests
For in Vitro Diagnostic
Use
Version
Store at
NCA
Negative Control of
Amplification
Manufacturer
NCE
Negative control of
Extraction
Consult instructions for
use
C+
Positive Control of
Amplification
Expiration Date
IC
Internal Control
* SaCycler™ is a registered trademark of Sacace Biotechnologies
* CFX™ and iQ5™ are registered trademarks of Bio-Rad Laboratories
* Rotor-Gene™ is a registered trademark of Qiagen
* MX3005P® is a registered trademark of Agilent Technologies
* ABI® is a registered trademark of Applied Biosystems
* LineGeneK® is a registered trademark of Bioer
* SmartCycler® is a registered trademark of Cepheid
Sacace Biotechnologies Srl
via Scalabrini, 44 – 22100 – Como – Italy Tel +390314892927 Fax +390314892926
mail: [email protected] web: www.sacace.com
Sacace™ Candida albicans Real-TM
VER. 21.03.2013
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