HDClone 4 Manual
Miray Software AG
HDClone

User’s Manual
Copyright © 2002-2010 by Miray Software
Table of Contents
1 Introduction.........................................................................................................................................................7
1.1 Chapter overview
7
1.2 Character conventions
7
1.3 Features
8
1.4 Edition overview
8
2 Fields of application.......................................................................................................................................10
2.1 Upgrading hard disks & migrating an OS
10
2.1.1 Unused disk space
10
2.1.2 Smaller target medium
10
2.2 Data rescue
11
2.3 Installation backup
11
2.4 Mass copying
12
2.5 Master installations
12
2.5.1 Duplicating system installations
12
2.5.2 Handling several master installations
12
2.6 Proprietary hard disk formats
12
2.7 Forensic data securing
13
2.8 Image files
13
2.9 HotCopy & LiveImage
13
3 Supported hardware......................................................................................................................................14
3.1 Overview
14
3.1.1 Hardware requirements
14
3.1.2 Supported media
14
3.1.3 Supported controllers
14
3.2 Compatibility
15
3.2.1 Compatibility test
15
3.2.2 Standards
15
3.3 IDE/ATA/SATA
15
3.3.1 IDE/ATA controllers
16
3.3.2 SATA/SATA-II controllers
16
3.3.3 Multiword DMA and Ultra-DMA
16
3.3.4 Bus master IDE controllers
17
3.3.5 Speed
17
3.4 SCSI
17
3.4.1 Utilization
17
3.4.2 Compatibility
18
3.4.3 Manufacturer information
18
3.4.4 Driver information
18
3.5 USB
19
3.5.1 Mass-Storage-Class
19
3.5.2 UHCI, OHCI und EHCI
19
3.5.3 XHCI
19
3.5.4 Hubs
19
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Inhaltsverzeichnis
3.6 Firewire (IEEE1394)
20
4 Installation.........................................................................................................................................................21
4.1 Introduction
21
4.1.1 Bootable medium
21
4.1.2 Software package
21
4.1.3 Miray Virtual Disk
21
4.2 Installation in Windows
21
4.2.1 HDClone Setup
22
4.2.2 Boot-Setup
23
4.2.3 CD/DVD writer not selectable
23
4.2.4 Bootable Windows XP CD
23
4.3 Installation with other operating systems
24
4.3.1 Creating a bootable floppy disk
24
4.3.2 Creating a bootable CD/DVD
25
4.4 Booting from USB key
25
5 Program instructions......................................................................................................................................26
5.1 Preliminary steps
26
5.2 Starting the program
26
5.2.1 Self-booting program
26
5.2.2 Windows program
26
5.2.3 Command line program
26
5.3 Program screen
27
5.3.1 Status field
27
5.3.2 Operating field
27
5.4 Operation
28
5.4.1 Graphical control elements
28
5.4.2 Operation with keyboard and mouse
28
5.4.2.1 Keyboard operation
29
5.4.2.2 Mouse operation
29
5.5 Help
29
5.6 Selecting the copying mode
29
5.6.1 Category view
30
5.6.2 Classic view
30
5.7 Selecting data source and target
31
5.7.1 Selecting a drive
32
5.7.2 Selecting a partition
32
5.7.3 Deactivated list entries
32
5.7.4 Information on the drive
33
5.7.5 Selecting a file image
33
5.7.5.1 File image as a target
34
File images as a source
34
5.7.6 SpeedTest
34
5.7.7 MultiCopy mode
35
5.8 Selecting the options
35
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Inhaltsverzeichnis
5.8.1 Verifying
5.8.2 Locked options
5.8.3 General options
5.8.4 Options for source and target
5.8.5 Advanced options
5.8.5.1 General
5.8.5.2 Source and target
5.9 Copying data
5.9.1 Adjusting partitions
5.9.1.1 Keep original sizes
5.9.1.2 Automatic adjustment
5.9.1.3 Free adjustment
5.9.2 Security query
5.9.3 Copy animation
5.9.4 Status indication
5.9.5 Percentage indication
5.9.6 Progress bar
5.9.7 Course of the process
5.9.8 Interrupting the running process
5.10 Termination of the copying process
5.10.1 User abort
5.10.2 Regular termination
5.10.3 Adjust media parameters
5.10.4 Final report
5.11 Ending the program
5.11.1 End dialog
5.11.2 Good-bye screen
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6 Operating principles.......................................................................................................................................46
6.1 Copying modes
46
6.1.1 Preliminary remark
46
6.1.2 Physical copy
46
6.1.3 Logical Copy
46
6.1.4 Drive-to-drive
47
6.1.5 Partition-to-partition
47
6.1.6 Drive-to-partition
48
6.1.7 Partition-to-drive
48
6.1.8 Create drive image
49
6.1.9 Create partition image
49
6.1.10 Restore drive image
50
6.1.11 Restore partition image
50
6.2 Size differences
51
6.2.1 Equal size
51
6.2.2 Small to large
51
6.2.3 Large to small
51
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Inhaltsverzeichnis
6.3 Automatic troubleshooting
6.3.1 Intensive reading/writing
6.3.2 Read errors
6.3.3 Write errors
6.3.4 Verification errors
6.4 Area copy
6.4.1 Usage
6.4.2 Functioning
6.5 Mass copy (MultiCopy mode)
6.5.1 Mode of operation
6.5.2 Speed
6.5.3 Different media
6.6 SmartCopy
6.6.1 Mode of operation
6.6.2 Usage
6.7 Imaging
6.7.1 Logical images
6.7.2 Physical images
6.7.3 RAW images
6.7.4 VMDK images
6.7.5 Mode of operation
6.7.6 Compressed Images
6.8 Defragmentation
6.9 Command line interface
6.9.1 Program call
6.9.2 Optional parameters
6.9.3 Examples of use
51
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59
7 Troubleshooting...............................................................................................................................................60
7.1 Load errors
60
7.1.1 Error #5002 and ‘Disk error’
60
7.1.2 Other errors
60
7.2 Keyboard and mouse
60
7.3 General problems
61
7.3.1 Slowed down system
61
7.3.2 Read, write and verification errors
61
7.4 IDE/ATA/SATA
61
7.4.1 Hard disk not recognized
61
7.4.2 IDE controller not found
62
7.4.3 Problems with DMA
62
7.4.4 BIOS settings
63
7.4.4.1 Switch to a lower/higher UltraDMA mode
63
7.4.4.2 Activate/deactivate UltraDMA
63
7.4.4.3 Deactivate IO caching
63
7.4.4.4 Set BIOS defaults
64
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Inhaltsverzeichnis
7.5 SCSI
7.5.1 Restart
7.5.2 Deactivate unused controllers
7.5.3 Deactivate unused drives
7.5.4 Minimum configuration of the controller
7.5.5 Minimum configuration of the systems
7.6 USB
7.6.1 Storage device not recognized
7.6.2 Other device problems
7.6.3 Controller not found
7.6.4 Speed loss
7.6.5 Other controller problems
7.7 Mapped network drives
64
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67
8 Miray Virtual Disk............................................................................................................................................68
8.1 Installation
68
8.2 Program startup
68
8.2.1 Program window
68
8.2.2 Image list
69
8.2.3 Tray icon
69
8.3 Operation
70
8.3.1 Adding an image
70
8.3.2 Removing an image
70
8.3.3 Empty image list
70
8.3.4 Mounting an image
71
8.3.5 Persistent mounting
71
8.3.6 Drive unmounting
72
8.3.7 Autostart
72
8.3.8 Close program window
72
8.3.9 Quit program
73
8.4 Drive not visible
73
9 Miscellaneous...................................................................................................................................................74
9.1 Terms of license
74
9.1.1 License model
74
9.1.2 Examples
75
9.1.3 Scope
75
9.1.4 Consultancy
75
9.2 Certificate of authenticity
75
9.2.1 Security hologram
75
9.2.2 Valid product license
75
9.3 Disclaimer
76
9.4 Feedback
76
9.5 Support
76
vi
1 Introduction
Thank you very much for choosing HDClone. We are always striving for offering you a software product, which meets your requirements as well as our own high ambitions. In case of
having suggestions for improvement or not being satisfied with the software in certain aspects,
we therefore kindly ask you to communicate the regarding criticism and suggestions to us at
[email protected]
1.1
Chapter overview
1 Introduction: In this chapter, you find general information regarding this manual and the program. Particularly, it contains an overview of the available editions and their abilities.
2 Fields of application: By supporting physical copies, HDClone is suitable for many different
areas of application. Here you find descriptions and hints for the most common areas of application of the program.
3 Supported hardware: In this chapter, you find a list of supported controllers and media as
well as information about which aspects to consider when using certain types of controllers or
media.
4 Installation: For starting HDClone you need a bootable HDClone CD or floppy disk at first.
This chapter describes how you create a bootable HDClone medium within few minutes by
means of the installation package in case you have not already received the program on a
bootable medium.
5 Program instructions: This chapter contains the actual manual for operating HDClone. It is a
step-by-step description of how to operate the program for creating a copy with HDClone.
6 Operating principles: Here you find useful descriptions and hints for gaining optimal performance when using HDClone with different types of media as each media type can have its very
own characteristics.
7 Troubleshooting: In case you encounter any problems when using HDClone, you find detailed descriptions and support here. By means of these information you will be able to solve or
bypass occurring problems in most cases.
8 Miray Virtual Disk: The HDClone software package also includes the Miray Virtual Disk application. This software provides the ability to mount file images as virtual drives.
9 Miscellaneous: In the last chapter you find miscellaneous information, particularly regarding
our support and our license terms.
1.2
Character conventions
In this manual, angle brackets (’<’ and ’>’) and italic type are used to depict a key on the key board, e.g. <Esc> for the escape key or <Return> for the return key. Some keys are represented by a corresponding symbol, e.g. <> for the ’up’-key. Visual controls on the screen, particularly buttons are represented by brackets (’[’ and ’]’) and semi-bold type, e.g. [next], [back].
7
1.3 Features
1.3
Features
HDClone lets you make physical and logical 1:1 copies (clones) as well as physical and logical
file images of hard disks and partitions. Physical 1:1 copies ensure that the copy is sec tor-by-sector 100% identical with the source. This allows HDClone to create copies or file im ages of hard disks regardless of the respective partitioning scheme, the used file system and
the installed operating system(s). Thus HDClone is especially suitable for the tasks described in
2 Fields of application as well as for many other tasks.
Note: The physical copying process of HDClone for exact (bit-wise) 1:1 copies and 1:1 images makes it suitable for many areas of application. HDClone’s features make it a valuable
tool, even in special and extraordinary scenarios.
1.4
Edition overview
There are different Editions of HDClone. They differ from each other by the amount of features they offer, particularly supported device types, performance and special options. The following table offers you a comparative overview of the editions and their features. Subsequent,
there are short explanations referring to some of the topics listed in the table.
Note: Within the table the following abbrevations are used:
FE = Free | BE = Basic | SE = Standard | PE = Professional | EE = Enterprise
Device support
IDE/ATA/SATA hard disks 1)
AHCI (SATA II)
USB (UHCI, OHCI, EHCI)
USB 3.0 (XHCI)
Hard disks > 2048 GB (2 TB) 2)
Firewire / IEEE1394 (OHCI)
SCSI hard disks 3)
Copy modes 4)
drive copy
partition copy
SmartCopy
MultiCopy (4x, 8x, 16x)
File images
physical images
logical images (SmartImage)
compressed images
RAW images
8
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5)
Special modes
HotCopy
Upsizing (NTFS, FAT, ext2-ext4)
Downsizing (NTFS, FAT)
LiveImage
SafeRescue mode
Defragmentation (NTFS, FAT)
Verification mode
Command line interface
VMware/VMDK file images
FastCopy mode
Copying speed 6)
up to 20 MB/s
up to 40 MB/s
up to 100 MB/s and more
up to 1000 MB/s and more
Miray Virtual Disk
Virtual volumes
File image management
Persistent virtual disks
Virtual volumes @ TrueSpeed 7)
License scope 8)
Private use
Professionals/corporations
Technician license
1)
SATA hard disks: They have to be connected to one of the SATA controllers supported by HDClone and the controller has to be configured correspondingly (3.3.2 SATA/SATA-II controllers).
2)
Hard disks larger than 2048 GB: HDClone supports hard disks with more than 2048 GB (2 Terabytes) from the Professional Edition on.
3)
SCSI hard disks: Have to be connected to one of the SCSI host adapters supported by HDClone ( 3.4 SCSI).
4)
Copying modes: You find further information regarding the different modes in chapter
•
•
•
•
6 Operating principles.
drive copy: Allows to make a copy of entire drives.
partition copy: Allows to make a copy of single partitions.
SmartCopy: Creates a logical 1:1 copy and is faster by a multiple in most cases ( 6.6 SmartCopy).
MultiCopy: Mass-copying to up to 4, 8, or 16 target media at a time while multiplying the transfer rate, according
to the variant of the Enterprise Edition used (4x, 8x, or 16x) (6.5 Mass copy (MultiCopy mode)).
5)
Special modes: Increased copying speed (FastCopy), data integrity and safety (verification, SafeRescue), use within
Windows at runtime (HotCopy, LiveImage). Further information to be found in chapter 5.8 Selecting the options.
6)
Copying speed: Due to technical differences between the individual editions, there is an upper limit for the actually
achievable copy speed of each edition.
7)
Virtual volumes @ TrueSpeed: Use of RAW images at almost hardware speed.
8)
License scope: see also chapter 9.1 Terms of license.
9
2 Fields of application
HDClone is specialized on creating physical copies. Therefore HDClone offers particular advantages for copying resp. rescuing defective media (2.2 Data rescue). In addition, HDClone
is able to work independent from partitioning scheme, file system and operating system. This
allows to copy entire operating system installations (2.1 Upgrading hard disks & migrating an
OS) or to be able to create an exact copy in case of unknown/proprietary file systems (2.6
Proprietary hard disk formats). Altogether, HDClone covers a wide spectrum of possible applications by its universal copying technology. In the following you find descriptions of the most
common areas of application of HDClone. The individual chapters contain instructions as well
as further advice regarding accomplishment of the respective application.
Tip: HDClone allows you to copy data arbitrarily between all recognized types of media, par ticularly between different types of drives etc.
2.1
Upgrading hard disks & migrating an OS
Since HDClone works independent of file system formats and operating systems, you can use
it to migrate entire installations, incl. the installed operating system, to another hard disk. This is
especially useful if you want to migrate an existing installation to a new hard disk without having to install the operating system and applications once again. The media used as target
should be of the same size as the source media or larger to ensure that all data will be copied.
For this type of application you can utilize both modes, 6.1.4 Drive-to-drive as well as
6.1.5 Partition-to-partition.
Note: Please take absolute care to have only one of the two hard disks connected after completion of the copying process and before starting the operating system. It should be connec ted to the same channel as the original hard disk, i.e. either remove the medium with the
copy on it or connect it instead of the original medium.
2.1.1 Unused disk space
Additional disk space on the medium used as target can be converted into a partition using the
partitioning
program
fdisk
or
the
Computer
Management
program
(C:\WINDOWS\system32\compmgmt.msc) of Windows XP. It can then be used as an additional virtual drive. You can also resize the copied partition so that it also uses the extra disk
space of the target medium, but this requires special tools.
2.1.2 Smaller target medium
In general, you can also copy a complete installation from a larger to a smaller medium. For
NTFS and FAT file systems, HDClone can perform downsizing automatically. For other file systems, you can first downsize the partitions on the source medium with the help of appropriate
tools in such a way that they fit completely into the target medium and are located at the beginning of the source medium. It possibly works also if you defragment the source media in
such a way that all used data is situated at the beginning of the source medium and that the
area containing the used data does not use more disk space than is available on the target me10
2.1 Upgrading hard disks & migrating an OS
dium. This method is not absolutely reliable, but as the data on the source medium stays unchanged, it maybe worth an attempt.
2.2
Data rescue
In case of hard disks with defective areas it is especially important that they are being rescued
to an intact medium before starting any recovery attempts. Otherwise, depending on the kind
of defect, the recovery procedure may cause further defects resulting from the inherent exposure of this procedure. Of course, using HDClone also cases exposure for the hard disk. But
the physical copying causes much less exposure than any other usage due to its linear operation, i.e. only continuous movement of the disk’s heads. Furthermore, the option SafeRescue
(5.8.3 General options) is able to reduce exposure to an absolute minimum. In very critical
cases, you can also just copy single partitions to reduce exposure for the medium even more
(6.1.5 Partition-to-partition). After having rescued the data from the defective hard disk, you
can perform a recovery on the (functional) target medium without having to fear any further
damages.
Note: Only a physical copy allows to rescue all of the data, except the irrecoverable areas,
even if there are logical errors resulting from defective areas. The logical errors can be corrected in most cases by the recovery, but missing data could not be restored. Hence, the data
should be copied to a target medium of the same size or a larger target medium in either
case (6.2 Size differences). For this reason, also never use the SmartCopy mode (6.6
SmartCopy) for rescuing data.
Tip: If you do not have an appropriate unused hard disk at hand for an urgent rescue, you
can temporarily save the damaged hard disk to a partition of the appropriate size on the target disk. (6.1.6 Drive-to-partition) or only save certain partitions from the damaged hard
disk (6.1.5 Partition-to-partition).
2.3
Installation backup
HDClone also provides the possibility to create a local backup of an entire system installation. If
required, a simple restore from the backup partition brings the system installation back into its
original state – without any ballast, faulty program installations, viruses etc. For this purpose,
create an unused partition in addition to the system partition of at least the same size to serve
as a backup partition. After having finished system installation, copy the system partition to the
backup partition using the partition-to-partition mode 6.1.5 Partition-to-partition. Then you
can restore the original system partition at any time by making a copy in the opposite direction.
Note: Before restoring from the backup partition, save your work files and other data from
the system partition or store them on a third partition from the outset.
11
2.4 Mass copying
2.4
Mass copying
The Enterprise Edition of HDClone is specially designed for creating up to 16 copies at a time.
Therefore the Enterprise Editions especially suitable for industrial duplication of pre-installed
software (e.g. on hard disks or on CompactFlash media etc.) or for creating several identical
operating system installations (2.5 Master installations).
2.5
Master installations
2.5.1 Duplicating system installations
HDClone is also optimally suitable for distributing or duplicating master installations (2.4 Mass
copying). Copy a complete master hard disk or master partition to the target medium to cre ate a complete installation there and to have it ready for action.
Note: When duplicating Windows XP installation, we recommend to run the tool sysprep
(contained in Windows) before cloning. Further information on this is to be found at Microsoft
at http://www.microsoft.com, search for ‚sysprep’.
2.5.2 Handling several master installations
Especially if you want to handle several different master installations, the copy modes drive-topartition (6.1.6 Drive-to-partition) and partition-to-drive (6.1.7 Partition-to-drive) are very
useful. For this purpose, use a hard disk as container and create one partition for each master
installation on it. Afterwards, use the mode drive-to-partition to make a copy of each master
hard disk to one of the partitions on the container hard disk. Now you can use the mode partition-to-drive to create a complete system installation from the desired partition on any system.
2.6
Proprietary hard disk formats
HDClone is capable of copying arbitrary hard disk formats. Especially for hard disks installed in
proprietary systems (e.g. studio technology, medical technology etc.) there are often no programs besides system software, which can read the data on these media. HDClone can rescue
this data or moving it to a new medium without any problem. The best way is to copy the original medium to a target medium of the same or larger size. A target medium smaller than the
original medium should not be used as it cannot be assured that all relevant user data will be
transferred in this case.
Note: In case of unknown or proprietary (non-standardized) formats, always copy the entire
original medium. Even if HDClone reports partitions, it cannot be assured that this information
is correct due to the proprietary hard disk format. You should only use the partition-to-partition mode (6.1.5 Partition-to-partition) if you know for sure that the partitions are reported
correctly.
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2.7 Forensic data securing
2.7
Forensic data securing
HDClone is also very suitable for securing data for forensic purposes as really all data from a
hard disk is copied, including data that has possibly been hidden or deleted. This data cannot
be reached any more via the usual file system mechanisms. Therefore it will be useful to create
a copy in drive-to-drive mode (6.1.4 Drive-to-drive) before performing a detailed forensic
analysis of secured media. This allows you to make changes to the copy during analysis
without endangering the original medium by altering its content.
Hinweis: As in case of securing data it may be unclear which areas of the medium are actually used, especially concerning hidden or deleted data, it is always recommendable to create
a copy of the entire medium to a target medium of the same or larger size. For the same
reason the SmartCopy mode (6.6 SmartCopy) should not be used for this type of application.
2.8
Image files
Under HDClone, working with physical and logical images follows the same basic logic as
physical and logical copies which are performed directly from medium to medium.
Example: A defective hard disk has to be rescued to another medium using HDClone. Afterwards the data has to be rescued from the copy without putting the original medium at risk.
This objective may be achieved by either making a physical 1:1 copy (6.1.4 Drive-to-drive)
or by creating a physical (!) image (6.1.8 Create drive image) of the defective original hard
disk. The image file created may then be restored to another hard disk in a second step. The
result will be the same in both cases. The target medium will always contain a bit-wise exact
copy (apart from possibly occurred defects of the source hard disk) of the original hard disk.
In many cases image files offer advantages compared to direct copies. Image files allow for:
• Simple storing and managing in your file system
• Archiving within any existing infrastructure
• Exchanging media contents using arbitrary storage media
• Distributing without physical media via networks and the Internet
• Use with virtual machines (6.7.4 VMDK images)
2.9
HotCopy & LiveImage
HDClone supports creating copies or image files of a Windows drive during Windows is working - even of the Windows system partition itself. To use this feature, it is not necessary to take
certain steps. When using HDClone/W, the appropriate mechanisms for using HotCopy and
LiveImage will be activated automatically.
13
3 Supported hardware
This section contains detailed information about the hardware and hardware standards supported by HDClone. Furthermore, there are special references to be found regarding the usage of
certain device types.
3.1
Overview
Subsequent, you find a listing of the hardware requirements concerning the hardware used to
run HDClone as well as additionally supported devices. Please note that support for a certain
hardware may depend on the edition used (1.4 Edition overview).
3.1.1 Hardware requirements
• PC 80586 or higher, 90 MHz, 64 MB RAM, VGA (optimal: VESA support)
• keyboard: standard, PS/2 or USB
• mouse: serial, PS/2 or USB (optionally, can be operated with keyboard only)
• bootable floppy or CD drive or bootable USB medium
3.1.2 Supported media
• Under Windows (HDClone/W): any mass storage media supported by Windows
• IDE/ATA hard disks, CompactFlash via IDE
1)
• SATA hard disks (internal & external)
• SCSI hard disks (internal & external)
• USB hard disks (internal & external)
• Firewire hard disks (internal & external)
• USB keys 2), CompactFlash I 3), CompactFlash II 3), MicroDrive 3), SD/MMC
3)
• xD-Picture Card 3), Memory Stick 3), Memory Stick PRO 3), Memory Stick DUO
1)
CompactFlash media with TrueIDE support
2)
must support the USB-Mass-Storage-Class protocoln
3)
via an appropriate USB card reader
3.1.3 Supported controllers
• Under Windows (HDClone/W): any controller supported by Windows
• PCI IDE controller
• Bus master IDE controller
• PCI SCSI host adapter (3.4.2 Compatibility)
• SATA controller with IDE interface (3.3.2 SATA/SATA-II controllers)
• SATA-II controller with AHCI interface (3.3.2 SATA/SATA-II controllers)
• USB UHCI & OHCI controller (USB 1.1)
• USB EHCI controller (USB 2.0)
• USB XHCI controller (USB 2.0)
• IEEE1394 OHCI controller (Firewire)
14
3)
3.1 Overview
Note: The devices listed above represent the whole spectrum of hardware supported by HDClone. Detailed information about which devices are supported by your edition of HDClone
is to be found in chapter1.4 Edition overview.
3.2
Compatibility
HDClone has been developed for the hardware listed in 3.1 Overview and has been tested
on a multiplicity of corresponding devices. HDClone also works well with many other devices.
You may use the Free Edition of HDClone to easily check out in advance and for free whether
the device in question is supported (3.2.1 Compatibility test).
3.2.1 Compatibility test
You can use the Free Edition of HDClone to find out easily if your hard disks, other media as
well as the associated controllers are supported properly, even if a higher edition is required to
use them with HDClone. For this purpose, simply start HDClone Free Edition on the respective
PC, chose a drive-to-drive copy and move on to the source drive selection (5.6 Selecting
the copying mode). All drives displayed there as well as the associated controllers have been
recognized by HDClone and are supported by one of the available editions. Which edition will
be necessary to utilize a certain device type can be seen from the info box at the right side of
the list box when you select the regarding drive (5.7.4 Information on the drive).
Note: Please ensure that you connect the needed USB devices before starting the program
to ensure that they are recognized correctly (5.1 Preliminary steps).
3.2.2 Standards
To be able to support as many devices as possible, HDClone implements the effective standards for the appropriate device types. Device support in HDClone primarily refers to the standards applicable to the appropriate device type. In addition, we perform extensive tests with
each device type. Those test also reveal that there is a number of devices, which themselves
implement their respective standard only insufficiently or even inaccurately. Furthermore, it is
possible that some problems occur in certain hardware configurations, usually in certain combinations of controller and device. If possible, HDClone tries to support even such devices and
to bypass the any hardware deficiencies. However, these kinds of problems can not always be
bypassed. Hence even extensive tests cannot completely prevent that a problem appears in
your special hardware configuration. In most cases this can be solved by setting the options
appropriately (5.8 Selecting the options and 7 Troubleshooting). In case of even this does
not work, our support team (9.5 Support) will be there to assist you with solving the problem.
3.3
IDE/ATA/SATA
In principle, HDClone supports all IDE/ATA/SATA hard disks. A necessary precondition is, that
they are connected to one of the IDE/ATA/SATA controllers supported by HDClone (3.3.1
IDE/ATA controllers and 3.3.2 SATA/SATA-II controllers).
15
3.3 IDE/ATA/SATA
3.3.1 IDE/ATA controllers
HDClone supports standard IDE controller (ISA) and PCI IDE controller. These may be (internal)
onboard controllers as well as (external) PCI/ISA adapter cards. In case of ISA/Standard IDE
controllers, the first two channels are scanned for hard disks. HDClone recognizes available PCI
IDE controllers automatically and scans them for connected hard disks.
Note: If there are one or more PCI IDE controllers available in the system, ISA controllers that
are possibly present, too, will not be taken into account.
Regarding the PCI IDE controllers supported by HDClone, this refers to a standardized programming interface, which is supported by a large majority of IDE controllers. Nevertheless,
there are also others, especially external PCI hard disk controllers, which implement a different,
usually proprietary interface. They are often also called “IDE controllers”, as they allow IDE hard
disks to be connected. Since ‘IDE’ stands for a programming interface (program  controller) as
well as for a hardware interface (controller  drive) it results in a double meaning. Refer to
chapter 3.2.1 Compatibility test to determine whether your PCI controller is compliant with
the PCI IDE standard).
3.3.2 SATA/SATA-II controllers
Precondition for the support of SATA drives is an SATA controller with IDE interface or an SATA
II controller with AHCI interface. All popular chipsets from Intel with ICH-5/-6/-7 incorporate
such an IDE-compatible SATA controller. Regrettably, many other SATA controllers only offer a
proprietary programming interface. Nevertheless, it may be possible in case of onboard SATA
controllers to activate a compatibility mode in BIOS setup, which would allow HDClone to access the SATA controller. As for SATA II controllers, many models already implement the AHCI
interface supported by HDClone.
Hint: With the Free Edition of HDClone you can easily check out whether your SATA or
SATA-II controller is supported (3.2.1 Compatibility test). Connect at least one SATA drive
and start HDClone. If the SATA drive is recognized, HDClone also supports the associated
SATA/SATA-II controller.
Note: It might be necessary to adjust the SATA settings in BIOS. As mode of operation, “IDE”,
“ATA”, “compatible” or “AHCI” should be chosen, but in no case “RAID” or “SATA”. Additionally it
may be necessary to set the controller configuration to combined, especially for allowing simultaneous use of IDE and SATA hard disks. In this case there are only ports 0 and 2 or 1 and 3
available for SATA. Please connect the SATA hard disks correspondingly in this case.
3.3.3 Multiword DMA and Ultra-DMA
HDClone automatically recognizes and uses bus master IDE controllers, which allow data rates
up to 133 MB/sec resp. 7.8 GB/min. Hereby, Multiword DMA (up to 16.7 MB/sec) as well as Ultra-DMA (UDMA) are supported. This can increase achievable data transmission rates by a
multiple higher of the rates that can be achieved without DMA (in PIO mode). HDClone recog16
3.3 IDE/ATA/SATA
nizes automatically, whether controller and hard disk support DMA and then automatically selects the fastest usable mode (Multiword DMA or Ultra-DMA 33/66/100/133).
Note: Please take into account that both, hard disk and IDE controller have to support a cer tain DMA mode. If the actual speed does not match the technical data of a hard disk, the
reason may be that the IDE controller only supports lower modes. Furthermore, the achievable values also depend on the physical abilities of the hard disk, i.e. a hard disk with UDMA-6
(theoretically 133 MB/sec) currently achieves an actual transfer rate of about 60 MB/sec.
3.3.4 Bus master IDE controllers
Precondition for using DMA mode is that the attached PCI IDE controller also supports the Bus
master IDE standard. This is the case for most of the established internal and external IDE con trollers. Whether your PCI IDE controller supports Bus master IDE can be determined by means
of the program PCISniffer, if necessary, which can be downloaded for free at
http://www.miray.de/download/sat.pcisniffer.html. The field 'Classcode' in PCISniffer has to contain the value 01018x (x = arbitrary) for the respective PCI IDE controller.
Note: For using Bus master IDE, the settings and initializations made in and by the PC’s system
BIOS play a major role. In case of problems with utilizing DMA, it is likely that certain BIOS set tings have to be accommodated correspondingly. (7.4.3 Problems with DMA).
3.3.5 Speed
The speed that can be achieved with DMA always depends on the physical abilities of the re garding hard disk. The following rough classification shows the approximate speed that can be
expected by a certain drive type:
Typ
Age
Speed
older drives
about 5-10 years
about 1-20 MB/sec
newer drives
about 2-5 years
about 20-40 MB/sec
top models
about 0-2 years
about 40-90 MB/sec and more
3.4
SCSI
In case you have an edition of HDClone which supports SCSI hard disks, the following chapters
provide important information on utilization and compatibility of SCSI drives and controllers.
Note: As HDClone embeds original driver code of hardware manufacturers, Miray has no influence on actual compatibility. Hence, the following statements are of informative nature
only, based on specifications of the manufacturer and not legally binding (9.3 Disclaimer).
3.4.1 Utilization
You can use HDClone with SCSI hard disk in the same way as with any other media. HDClone
automatically recognizes supported SCSI controllers and connected SCSI hard disks at program
start and displays them, along with other recognized media, in the respective selection lists.
17
3.4 SCSI
Note: You can also copy data from SCSI hard disks to any other kinds of media (2 Fields of
application). This is especially important for the purpose of data rescue or if there is no adequate SCSI target medium at hand, as any arbitrary medium can be used for (temporarily)
storing the regarding data.
3.4.2 Compatibility
In principle, HDClone supports all SCSI hard disk drives. Precondition is that they are connected
to a SCSI controller supported by HDClone. Currently, HDClone supports the popular Narrow-,
Wide-, Ultra- und Ultra-Wide-SCSI controllers from Adaptec.
Hint: You can determine easily whether your SCSI controller is supported with any edition of
HDClone (3.2.1 Compatibility test). Connect at least one SCSI drive to the SCSI bus and
start HDClone. If the SCSI drive is recognized, HDClone also supports the SCSI controller.
3.4.3 Manufacturer information
According to information from the manufacturer, the drivers used in HDClone currently support the following SCSI controllers:
• Adaptec AHA-2930U
• Adaptec ASC-19160
• Adaptec AHA-2940 Ultra
• Adaptec ASC-29160
• Adaptec AHA-2940UW
• Adaptec ASC-29160LP
• Adaptec AHA-2940AU
• Adaptec ASC-29160N
• Adaptec AHA-2944UW
• Adaptec ASC-39160
3.4.4 Driver information
According to information directly from the drivers, they support a number of other SCSI controllers, too, which are partly constructed as onboard chipset (AIC) and partly as adapter cards
(AHA, ASC). They can be recognized definitely by their respective PCI vendor ID and PCI
device ID, which are listed in the following table.
Vendor
9004h
Modell
AHA-2930U
Device
3860h
Vendor
9004h
Modell
AIC-7860
Device
7860h
"
AHA-2930CVAR
3868h
"
AIC-7895
7895h
"
AHA-3950 U2x
0051h
"
"
3869h
"
AIC-7880
8078h
"
AIC-7896/7 U2
005Fh
"
AHA-4944(U)W
3B78h
"
AHA-2940U(W)
8178h
"
AIC-789x
006xh
"
AIC-755x
5x75h
"
AHA-3940U(W)(D) 8278h
"
"
007xh
"
AIC-785x
5x78h
"
"
AIC-7560
6075h
"
"
AIC-786x
6x78h
"
AHA-4944UW
8678h
"
AIC-7870
7078h
"
AIC-7887
8778h
"
"
AHA-2940(W)
7178h
"
AIC-7888
8878h
"
"
AHA-3940(W)
7278h
"
AHA-4944(U)W
EC78h
"
AIC-789x
00Dxh
"
AHA-2944
7478h
9005h AHA-2940/50U2W 0010h
"
"
00Exh
18
AHA-2944UW
Vendor
Modell
Device
9005h AHA-3940/50U2x 0050h
8478h
"
AIC-7892(A|B)U160 008xh
AHA-3944U(WD) 8578h
"
AIC-789x
009xh
"
"
00Axh
"
00Bxh
AIC-7899(A) U160 00Cxh
3.4 SCSI
Vendor
"
Modell
AHA-3944(W)
Device
7578h
Vendor
"
Modell
AIC-789x
Device
001xh
Vendor
"
Modell
"
Device
00Fxh
"
AHA-4944(U)W
7678h
"
"
002xh
"
AHA-2930U2
0180h
"
AIC-7877
7778h
"
"
003xh
The IDs of your respective controllers can be determined by means of the program PCISniffer.
At http://www.miray.de/download/sat.pcisniffer.html you can download it for free from the
Miray homepage. For the regarding PCI SCSI controller, the values displayed by PCISniffer for
the fields Vendor ID and Device ID have to match the values specified above for your SCSI
controller.
3.5
USB
If your edition of HDClone also supports USB storage media, the following chapters contain information regarding utilization and compatibility of USB storage media and controllers.
Note: Please take care to connect USB devices already before starting HDClone (5.1 Preliminary steps) and if possible directly to the PC resp. to the USB controller (3.5.4 Hubs).
3.5.1 Mass-Storage-Class
USB storage media that is intended to be used with HDClone has to support the USB-MassStorage-Class protocol. This is an official standard, which is supported by almost all current USB
sticks, USB card readers, USB hard disks etc. If you are not sure if a certain USB storage medium
is supported by HDClone, you can check this out easily and for free in advance by means of
the Free Edition (3.2.1 Compatibility test).
3.5.2 UHCI, OHCI und EHCI
Regarding USB devices, it is crucial that HDClone supports the respective USB controller. HDClone is capable of all three common USB standards, UHCI and OHCI for USB 1.0/1.1, EHCI for
USB 2.0 as well as XHCI for USB 3.0. In the area of standard PCs, all current USB controllers, on board controllers as well as adapter cards, offer one of these three interface standards. In case
you are not sure though whether your USB controller is supported by HDClone, you can check
this out easily and for free in advance by means of the Free Edition (3.2.1 Compatibility
test).
3.5.3 XHCI
HDClone also supports the new XHCI standard. Therefore it is able to use fast, state-of-the-art
USB 3.0 SuperSpeed technology mass storage media of the latest generation.
3.5.4 Hubs
USB devices usually may also be connected via a USB hub. Nevertheless, for achieving the
highest possible transfer rate, it is recommended to rather connect them directly to the PC
resp. to the USB controller.
19
3.6 Firewire (IEEE1394)
3.6
Firewire (IEEE1394)
If your edition of HDClone supports Firewire, you can connect arbitrary Firewire drives or card
readers. Connected devices must support the Serial-Bus-Protocol (SBP) in order to be recognized and operated correctly by HDClone.
Note: Please take care to connect Firewire devices already before starting HDClone (5.1
Preliminary steps) and if possible directly to the PC resp. to the Firewire controller.
20
4 Installation
4.1
Introduction
HDClone does not require an installation in the usual sense and can be invoked directly as a
Windows application. Otherwise it can be started without the presence of an operating system
as a self-booting application from CD, floppy disk or USB key (4.1.1 Bootable medium). Additionally, there is a setup program, allowing you to easily install HDClone in Windows on your
computer (4.2.1 HDClone Setup).
4.1.1 Bootable medium
In case you have HDClone already available on a bootable medium, you can start and use the
program immediately on any PC and without any preceding installation, as described in
chapter 5.2 Starting the program.
Note: It is possible that, although you have HDClone on a physical medium, it may not be in
form of a bootable medium but rather as an installation package. In this case it is also necessary to create a bootable medium at first, according to the subsequently provided descriptions (4.1.2 Software package).
4.1.2 Software package
As far as you do not have HDClone on a bootable medium already, you can create one by
yourself. The software package, which you have obtained in this case, contains the files
needed for this purpose. The following chapters describe how to create a bootable medium.
The required procedure can be different according to the media type or operating system
used. The bootable medium created in this way then can be used to start HDClone on any PC
without any further installation (5.2 Starting the program).
4.1.3 Miray Virtual Disk
Some editions of HDClone also contain the software Miray Virtual Disk (8 Miray Virtual
Disk), an application to mount file images as virtual Windows drives. Miray Virtual Disk will be
installed automatically during HDClone setup (4.2.1 HDClone Setup). In case you do not
want to have Miray Virtual Disk installed, please deselect it in the first installation screen (fig.
1).
4.2
Installation in Windows
The HDClone software package contains a setup program (setup.exe), allowing you to install
HDClone directly on Windows into a program folder. The setup program will – by choice of
the user – also create an Start menu folder as well as links on your desktop and in the Quick start bar (4.2.1 HDClone Setup).
The HDClone software package also contains an installation program for creating a bootable
floppy disk or CD/DVD with only few mouse clicks (4.2.2 Boot-Setup). To use the boot setup
21
4.2 Installation in Windows
program, please run setup.exe first. Then start [All Programs] ▸ [HDClone] ▸ [Create bootable
medium] in the Windows Start menu.
Note: Alternatively, in case you have a software package in the ZIP file format, you may extract all files to an empty folder. Then execute the file hdclone.exe from there and choose
[Create bootable medium] in the emerging dialog window.
4.2.1 HDClone Setup
Start setup.exe (fig. 1) and select the desired
options on the first screen. Then follow the instructions displayed to install HDClone on your
Windows PC.
Note: HDClone Setup also will install the software Miray Virtual Disk, as far as you did not
deselect it on the first screen. This will also include a software driver to be installed. For this
reason, a Windows dialog window regarding
driver installation (fig. 2) may appear during
setup. Confirm it with [Continue Anyway]. In
case Windows will display the “Found New
Hardware Wizard” (fig. 3), close it with [Cancel].
fig. 2: Windows dialog “Hardware Installation”
fig. 1: HDClone setup start screen
fig. 3: Windows dialog “Hardware Wizard”
After setup has finished you are asked in the final screen to choose whether to start HDClone
directly.
Note: Depending on the kind of HDClone package you have, using the setup is not absolutely necessary. If you already have HDClone ready on a medium, you may additionally execute setup.exe to install HDClone on Windows. The same applies for a software package in
the ZIP file format. When downloading HDClone via the Internet, the entire program package
will be contained in the setup.exe file. After starting, setup will unzip and install it to your PC.
22
4.2 Installation in Windows
4.2.2 Boot-Setup
When starting the Boot-Setup program the
main window appears (fig. 4).
• If you want to create a bootable floppy disk,
choose the desired drive at ‘Floppy drive’ and
click on [Create floppy].
• To create a bootable CD/DVD, choose the
desired drive at ‘CD/DVD writer’ and click on
[Create CD/DVD].
• To create a bootable USB key, choose the
desired drive at ‘USB medium’ and click on
[Make bootable].
Follow the instructions and wait until the installation program reports successful creation of
the bootable medium. Then click on [Exit]. Afterwards, please proceed with chapter 5 Program instructions.
Note: When creating a CD/DVD, please always use a new, empty writeable CD/DVD.
Otherwise there may be problems when starting HDClone.
fig. 4: HDClone boot setup
4.2.3 CD/DVD writer not selectable
It is possible that there is no drive offered for selection at CD/DVD writer although a CD/DVD
writer is available on the system. In most cases this results from already installed software for
the CD/DVD writer (e.g. drivers for direct access to the CD/DVD writer with Windows Explorer). It reserves the drive in a way that the installation program cannot access it. If possible,
deactivate or uninstall the CD/DVD writer software. Or create a bootable CD/DVD from that
ISO image which is also contained in the software package (4.3.2 Creating a bootable
CD/DVD).
4.2.4 Bootable Windows XP CD
When using HDClone with storage devices or controllers, which require special Windows
drivers, the copy has to be created directly on Windows. If there is no Windows installation
available, you can create a bootable Windows XP CD which includes the drivers needed. It just
requires PE Builder and a Windows XP installation CD.
Please download PE Builder from the Internet at http://www.nu2.nu/pebuilder/. The downloaded package allows you to create a specially configured Windows XP system, which can be
started right off a CD. A plug-in is used to integrate HDClone into the PE system. A corresponding plug-in is to be found at http://www.miray.de/public/support/HDClone-BartPE-Plugin.en.zip.
Please install PE Builder on your system and unpack the plug-in to the folder
23
4.2 Installation in Windows
pebuilder3110a\plugin. This location then should contain the new folder HDClone. Now copy
hdclone.exe from the installation package to pebuilder3110a\plugin\HDClone\files. In case
the mass storage devices and controller on your target system will require special drivers,
please copy the driver files to pebuilder3110a\drivers\SCSIAdapter.
Then start pebuilder.exe from the folder
pebuilder3110a. After few seconds, a
dialog window appears (fig. 5). Please
enter the path to the Windows XP installation files in the input field on top. They
are to be found on your Windows XP installation CD. Hence, this field usually
contains the drive letter of your
CD/DVD drive – except you have
copied the installation files to another
location. You can now choose a name
and a location for the boot image by
clicking on Create ISO image in the box
Media output. If another CD/DVD writer
fig. 5: PE Builder configuration dialog
is available, you can immediately create
a CD by clicking on Burn to CD/DVD. Otherwise, please create an ISO image first.
After clicking on Start, PE Builder creates the CD. Depending on your system, this may take a
few minutes. If you did not select Burn to CD/DVD in the previous step, it is necessary to write
the newly created ISO image to CD with your recording software. Please note that the file has
to be written to CD directly as an image. Normal writing will not be sufficient in this case. Instead, please start your recording software and choose Create from image file (or similar description, depending on the recording software used).
Start your PC from the CD created. HDClone is to be found at Go ▸ Programs.
4.3
Installation with other operating systems
4.3.1 Creating a bootable floppy disk
You can also create a bootable HDClone floppy disk without the installation program with any
operating system. For this purpose, the HDClone software package contains a floppy disk image in the file hdclone.img. You can create a bootable 3.5"/1.44MB floppy disk from this image
with any appropriate disk imaging program. After having created a bootable floppy disk, you
can start HDClone on any PC as described in chapter 5.2 Starting the program.
Tip: Under UNIX and Linux you may use the tool dd, which is available on these systems, with
the following syntax: dd if=hdclone.img of=/dev/fd0.
24
4.3 Installation with other operating systems
4.3.2 Creating a bootable CD/DVD
The HDClone software package contains a so called ISO image in the file hdclone.iso. It can be
used to create a bootable HDClone CD with any operating system using a CD writing software
of your choice as far as it supports creating CDs from an ISO image. Further information can be
found in the manual of your CD writing software.
• Extract the file hdclone.iso from the HDClone software package.
• Start your CD writing software and choose Create CD from image file (or similar caption, ac-
cording to the respective CD writing software)
• Specify the file hdclone.iso as image file.
• Insert a blank CD into the drive and write the CD.
Tip: The easiest way of creating a bootable HDClone CD under Linux is using the software
tool cdrecord with the following syntax: cdrecord hdclone.iso.
After having accomplished these steps you have created a bootable HDClone CD. From this
CD you can start HDClone directly on any PC with a bootable CD/DVD drive as described in
5.2 Starting the program.
Note: Generally the instructions provided above for creating a bootable CD using the ISO image can also be adopted to DVDs. However, some CD/DVD writing software refuses writing
an ISO image to a DVD. The HDClone installation program (4.2 Installation in Windows) for
example also writes DVDs without any problem. Booting from a DVD created this way also
works smoothly.
4.4
Booting from USB key
To start HDClone from a USB key, the desired PC has to be able to boot from USB media. This
is usually supported by PCs not older than 5 years and it is rarely supported by PCs older than
10 years. Usually the easiest way is to enter the BIOS Boot Selector (BBS) and select the USB
key to start from. The PC then boots directly from the USB key instead of the installed operating system. Depending on the regarding BIOS of the PC, the USB key is displayed in the BBS
menu under its name (e.g. “Miray USB”), as “USB medium”, “USB-HDD”, “Removable Device”, or
a similar caption.
If the USB key is not listed in the BBS menu at all, it is required to activate support for USB boot
media in the BIOS setup first. This setting is to be found under different captions and menu
items, depending on the regarding BIOS. In most cases they are to be found under captions like
“USB”, “Boot”, and “Legacy”. In BIOS setup you can also preset booting from USB firmly, usually
under the menu item “Boot”.
Tip: You can enter the BBS menu directly when starting the PC with a certain key on the keyboard, depending on the BIOS. In most cases the startup screen shows which key to press. For
the BBS menu it is <F8> or <F12> in most cases, rarely <F11>. BIOS setup usually is called
with the <F2> or <Del> key.
25
5 Program instructions
The following chapters give a detailed description on how to operate HDClone, from the start
to the end.
Hinweis: According to the edition you use, there can be deviations between the features described or illustrated herein and the features supported by your edition. If one or several of
the features of the program described below cannot be used in your edition, you can check
in 1.4 Edition overview whether your edition supports the respective feature.
5.1
Preliminary steps
If you want to use USB devices for the following copying process and your edition of HDClone
supports USB, connect these devices before starting HDClone and leave them connected until
the copying process is finished. Otherwise it is not guaranteed that HDClone recognizes them
correctly. Do not use a USB hub to connect USB storage devices, always connect the USB storage devices directly to the USB controller or the PC case.
Note: HDClone can be started directly as a Windows application (5.2.2 Windows program)
or as a self-booting application (5.2.1 Self-booting program). To start the self-booting HDClone, you need a bootable HDClone CD or floppy disk. If you don’t have HDClone on a
bootable medium, you can create such a device as de-scribed in chapter 4 Installation.
5.2
Starting the program
5.2.1 Self-booting program
Insert the bootable HDClone CD, floppy disk into the corresponding drive or plug the bootable
USB key to your PC. Switch on the computer or reboot it. Make sure that the BIOS boots from
the respective drive or USB key. HDClone will then start automatically from the bootable medium and the program screen appears.
Note: In case your PC does not boot from the HDClone medium, you may press <F8>,
<F11>, or <F12> (BIOS dependent) immediately after turning on the PC for a boot menu.
There you can select the HDClone boot device. Otherwise press <F2> or <Del> (BIOS dependent) to enter BIOS setup and set the required boot device order there. For troubleshooting loading problems of HDClone please view chapter 7.1 Load errors.
5.2.2 Windows program
Start HDClone from the Windows start menu at [All Programs] ▸ [HDClone] ▸ [Start HDClone]
or by starting the executable file hdclone.exe from the genuine HDClone medium or directly
from your software package.
5.2.3 Command line program
You may include HDClone in automated workflows like shell scripts or time-triggered tasks. For
this kind of usage, there is a command line version of HDClone (hdclone-cl.exe), to be found in
the program folder of HDClone It is especially suitable for the following fields of application:
26
5.2 Starting the program
calling it from shell scripts or batch files,
creating a permanent link on the Desktop or in the Start menu,
creating time triggered tasks by calling HDClone through the Task Scheduler.
This allows to integrate HDClone seamless into existing scripts or batch processes. You can also
create Desktop links for frequently used cloning configurations to call easily call them manually
or automatically on demand.
Usage of hdclone-cl.exe is described in detail in 6.9 Command line interface.
5.3
Program screen
Status field
Quit
Operating field
Title of dialog page
Help
Selection graphic
fig. 6: Program screen
The HDClone program screen (fig. 6) contains two fields in a lighter blue. They are the ‘active’ area of the program where all information is shown and all operation steps are executed.
5.3.1 Status field
The upper field is the status field (fig. 6). It shows the parameters selected for the copying
process (Copying mode, Source, Target and Options). Thus you see at any point of the program which parameters you have already selected. Furthermore, the right side of the status
field also shows license information.
5.3.2 Operating field
The lower field is the operating field (fig. 6). In the upper left of the operating field is the title
of the currently shown dialog page together with a corresponding symbol. In the upper right
are two general operating elements: with the help button [?] you can call up the interactive
help at any point of the program (5.5 Help). With the quit button [X] you can quit the program at any time (5.11 Ending the program). At the bottom of the operating field, you find
the buttons [Next] and [Back], with which you can go to the next or previous dialog page.
27
5.4 Operation
5.4
Operation
To create a copy, you are led through five consecutive dialog pages where you can select the
individual parameters for the copy and start and control the copying process. These five dialog
pages are shown in the operating field.
5.4.1 Graphical control elements
List box
Info box
Check box
Button (normal)
fig. 7: Graphical control elements (1)
Dialog window
Button (focused)
Close dialog
Percentage
Progress bar
Button (inactive)
fig. 8: Graphical control elements (2)
To control the program, HDClone knows different graphical control elements (fig. 7 and fig.
8). The names which are used within this manual to designate the different elements are listed
and illustrated by examples in the following illustration.
5.4.2 Operation with keyboard and mouse
HDClone is operated by keyboard and mouse. It is also possible to operate the pro-gram exclusively by keyboard or exclusively by mouse.
28
5.4 Operation
5.4.2.1 Keyboard operation
Operation by keyboard always refers to the currently focused graphical element. This element
is highlighted by color, brightness, or an additional frame. With the tabulator key you can
switch the focus in turn to the other operating elements. The following control keys have a
function when operating the keyboard:
Key
Control element Function
<Tab>
(all)
Switch to the next element
Arrow keys
List field
Select list element
(///)
Selection graphic Highlight element
<Space>
Button
Press button
Selection graphic Select highlighted element
<Return>
<Esc>
Link
Show link target
Button
Press button (in dialog windows only)
Link
Show link target
Window
Close window (only windows with ✘ in the title bar)
(operating field)
Quit HDClone
5.4.2.2 Mouse operation
Operating HDClone with the help of a mouse is done according to the point-and-click principle. The right mouse key has no special function. HDClone does not use drag-and-drop.
5.5
Help
You can open a context-related help window at any point of the program by pressing the key
<F1> or the [?] symbol in the upper right corner of the operating field (fig. 6). The help gives
you useful hints on the current program screen. The underlined text links in the help window
enable you to jump to other help topics at any time.
Note: The program help is designed to give you useful hints when using the program. The
help is no complete program instruction. That is why you should use this user's manual especially when you have problems or need more information on a topic.
5.6
Selecting the copying mode
You can select the desired copying mode on the first dialog page (fig. 9 and fig. 10). There
exist two views, basically offering the same options. They mainly differ in how the copying
modes are presented. The classic view is focused on functionality, while the category view dis plays the available copying modes in a task-oriented way.
29
5.6 Selecting the copying mode
5.6.1 Category view
The category view (fig. 9) allows you to choose the
desired copying mode according to the desired area
of use (backup, restore, and cloning). The upper row
of symbols contains the copying modes referring to
entire disks (e.g. hard disks). The lower row refers to
copying modes for individual partitions. If you select a
copying mode by clicking with your mouse, it will be
displayed highlighted. If you want to use the selected
copying mode, click on [next]. A detailed description
of the copying modes, their operation and impact
can be found in 6 Operating principles.
fig. 9: Selecting the copying mode
5.6.2 Classic view
The classic view (fig. 10) offers you a more functional selection of the available copying modes. You
have eight options altogether. This is two more than
with the category view, since the classic view also allows for choosing Disk-to-Partition and Partition-to-disk.. According to your choice, a physical
copy, a logical copy, or an image file will be created
or restored. The following table provides a short overview on the available options. You find a detailed description of the copying modes, their working mode
and effect in 6 Operating principles.
fig. 10: Selecting the copying mode
Drive-to-drive
Creates the classical physical 1:1 copy of a drive
(6.1.4 Drive-to-drive).
Partition-to-partition
Creates a physical 1:1 copy of an individual partition
(6.1.5 Partition-to-partition).
Drive-to-partition
Creates a backup of an entire drive
(6.1.6 Drive-to-partition).
Partition-to-drive
Restores the backup of an entire drive
(6.1.7 Partition-to-drive).
30
5.6 Selecting the copying mode
Create drive image
Saves the contents of an entire drive into an image file
(6.1.8 Create drive image).
Create partition image
Saves the contents of a single partition into an image file
(6.1.9 Create partition image).
Restore drive image
Restores an entire drive from an existing image file
(6.1.10 Restore drive image).
Restore partition image
Restores a single partition from an existing image file
(6.1.11 Restore partition image).
Note: The copying modes drive-to-partition and partition-to-drive are designed for mutual
use. In general, it is not possible to copy a working hard disk installation onto a partition and to
use it there. The installation rather has to be copied back onto a hard drive to be used. The
partition serves only as a container for the hard disk data. The same applies generally for
copying a functioning partition onto a hard disk. Nevertheless, there are some systems, which
know to handle media with just one single partition and without any partition table, sometimes named SuperFloppy. For further information on these copying modes please consult
chapter 6.1 Copying modes.
After having selected the copying mode, you go to the next step by pressing [next] in the
lower right corner of the operating field (5.7 Selecting data source and target).
Already when selecting the copying mode, HDClone starts the recognition of connected
devices and drives. If the recognition is not finished yet, a corresponding note will be displayed
before the next dialog page will be shown. This can take up to one minute or more. The time
needed also depends on the number of drives connected. If it takes more than five minutes,
you can assume that there is a technical problem. In this case you find further information in
chapter 7 Troubleshooting.
5.7
Selecting data source and target
In the two following steps, you select the data source and the target for the copying process.
The left half of the operating field shows a selection list. On the right side is an info box con taining details on the currently selected element. According to the selected copying mode,
you can select either an entire drive or a single partition. The following sub-chapters give you
more detailed information. After having selected the data source in the first step, another dialog page appears for the selection of the target. After these two steps, you come to the selection of the options (5.8 Selecting the options).
31
5.7 Selecting data source and target
5.7.1 Selecting a drive
When selecting a source or target drive (fig. 11),
you see the devices recognized by HDClone in the
selection list. The info box beside the selection list
shows more details on the selected element (5.7.4
Information on the drive).
Select the desired drive. You confirm your selection
by pressing [Next] in the lower right corner of the
operating field and go to the next step.
fig. 11: Selecting a drive
5.7.2 Selecting a partition
When selecting a source or target partition (fig.
12), the recognized drives and the partitions found
on them are shown in the selection list. The partitions
belonging to a certain drive are listed below it in an
indented form. The drives themselves cannot be selected. The frame with the details on the right side of
the selection list shows details concerning the drive
on which the currently selected partition is located.
Select the desired partition. You confirm your selection by pressing [Next] in the lower right corner of
the operating field and go to the next step.
fig. 12: Selecting a partition
5.7.3 Deactivated list entries
There are four cases in which entries in the selection list for source or target are deactivated
and therefore cannot be selected:
• In the selection dialog for a source or target partition, the list entries for the corresponding
hard disks are always deactivated because a partition but not a hard disk is to be selected.
• Since source and target must not overlap, the already selected source drive or the drive that
contains the source partitions is deactivated when selecting a target drive.
• When selecting a target partition, the already selected source partition or all partitions of the
source drive are deactivated.
• If HDClone recognizes drives, but the edition used does not support them, these drives and
the partitions on them are also deactivated. In order to use HDClone for these drives, you
need a higher edition. For further information on the supported drives and the capacities of
the different editions of HDClone, please consult chapter 1.4 Edition overview or the HDClone website at http://www.hdclone.com.
Tip: To see the details of drives which are recognized by HDClone but not supported by your
edition (1.4 Edition overview), activate the checkbox All drives selectable below the de32
5.7 Selecting data source and target
tails. Then you can also select these drives to show the corresponding details. You can see
under the point Supported from which edition on the respective drive is supported.
5.7.4 Information on the drive
On the right side of the selection list for the source drive/source partition resp. the target
drive/target partition, you find a frame containing details on the currently selected drive. When
selecting a partition, the data of the corresponding drive is shown here. The following information is available:
Field
Description
Controller
Type (IDE/SCSI) and number (0-15) of the controller
Channel/Device
Channel used by the drive (primary/secondary) and
Connection of the drive (master/slave resp. 0-15)
LUN
Logical number of the drive (0-255)
Name
Name of the device (according to the internal drive data)
Serial number
Device serial number (according to the internal drive data)
Manufacturer
Name of the manufacturer (according to the internal drive data)
Firmware
Version of the firmware (according to the internal drive data)
Supported
Drive type supported by the edition used
Note: Supported will show yes if the edition you use supports the selected drive. Otherwise
HDClone indicates here from which edition on that drive is supported.
5.7.5 Selecting a file image
When selecting a file image (fig. 14 and fig. 15),
the selection list shows the recognized drives and the
partitions found on them. All partitions of a certain
drive are listed beneath the drive in indented form.
The drives themselves cannot be selected. The dialog
for selecting a file image is to be found in the frame
on the right of the list box. The form of the dialog varies depending on whether the file image will be the
target (5.7.5.1 File image as a target) or the source
(File images as a source) of the copying process. In
fig. 13: File image browser
both cases you can use the button [Browser] below
the frame to open the file image browser (fig. 13). It offers a more convenient layout for
browsing larger folder structures with many entries. With [Cancel] you can return to the file
image selection dialog page without any changes. Click on [OK] to use the file image selected
in the browser.
Note: If you are running HDClone/W and mapped network drives are not displayed in the selection list, this may probably be solved as described in 7.7 Mapped network drives.
33
5.7 Selecting data source and target
5.7.5.1 File image as a target
When creating an image (fig. 14), the target of the
copying process is a file image. You are prompted to
enter a file name into the input field in the frame on
the right of the list box. A file image with the name
entered will be created on the selected partition
(5.7.5 Selecting a file image). In addition, you may
specify whether a SmartImage or a RAW image is to
be created. More information on the different types
of images is to be found in chapter 6.7 Imaging.
fig. 14: File image as a target
Select the desired partition from the list box and
enter a name for the file image. If desired, choose to create a SmartImage (6.7.1 Logical images) or a RAW-Image (6.7.3 RAW images, 6.7.4 VMDK images). Otherwise a physical image will be created (6.7.2 Physical images) automatically. To proceed to the next step, click
on [next] in the lower right corner of the operating field to confirm your choice.
File images as a source
When restoring an image (fig. 15), the source of
the copying process is a file image. In the frame on
the right of the partition list, a second list box is to be
found. It contains a list of file images found on the selected partition (5.7.5 Selecting a file image). When
clicking on an image in the list, further details on the
selected image will be displayed beneath the list:
Creation time and date, size, and type of image.
There are two information fields on the size. First, the
storage size of the file image. Second, the original size
fig. 15: File image as a source
of the medium stored in the image. Regarding the
type of image, HDClone distinguishes between an image of an entire drive and the image of a
single partition or logical drive. There is also an information about which mode the image has
been created with, i.e. as a physical, logical, or RAW image.
Select the desired file image. Confirm your selection with [Next] in the lower right corner of
the operating field to proceed to the next step.
5.7.6 SpeedTest
On the lower right of the operating field you can find the trigger for a speed test, labeled as
SpeedTest. Here you can start a speed test for the currently selected medium. Since it is only a
pure reading test, all data on the drive stays unchanged. The test shows you the speed which
can be achieved with the currently selected medium. In the first line it serves as an orientation
guide for examining whether it would be reasonable to use a higher edition on the tested sys -
34
5.7 Selecting data source and target
tem or not. The result reports the maximum achievable speed for linear reading on the selected medium and therefore is also a real performance value of the hardware.
Note: If the option MultiCopy (5.7.7 MultiCopy mode) is selected, the speed measurement is being performed for all selected media at the same time. Hence, it determines the
maximum possible concurrent total data throughput of these media. This is especially relevant for potential use of the Enterprise Edition, but also represents a performance test of the
entire system. The speed that can be achieved strongly depends on how the tested media
are connected to the system (6.5.2 Speed).
5.7.7 MultiCopy mode
When selecting the target medium you can use the checkbox MultiCopy to activate MultiCopy mode (6.5 Mass copy (MultiCopy mode)). In this mode it is possible to select up to 16
drives or partitions at the same time. For doing so, click on all desired list entries. The selected
entries then will be marked with a dark blue background. To remove a marked list entry from
the selection, it simply has to be clicked again. You can then use the SpeedTest (5.7.6
SpeedTest) to measure the data throughput of the selected drives or partitions in parallel operation. Copying to multiple drives in parallel is only possible with the Enterprise Edition. It allows
to copy to up to 4, 8 or 16 targets at a time, depending on the stage used (Enterprise Edition
4x, Enterprise Edition 8x or Enterprise Edition 16x).
Note: The MultiCopy option can be activated in all editions of HDClone, even in the Free
Edition. This can be used to check in advance which speed can be achieved on a certain sys tem by using the Enterprise Edition. Please keep in mind that the achievable speed in this
case strongly depends on the interfaces used (most suitable: IDE, SATA, and SCSI) and the
drive combinations (only use master drives with IDE).
Tip: MultiCopy mode can also be used in combination with imaging (5.6 Selecting the
copying mode). In this case you can either restore the contents of an image file to up to 16
targets at a time (File images as a source) or you can create up to 16 image files at a time to different media, of course - from one single source (5.7.5.1 File image as a target).
5.8
Selecting the options
On the dialog page Options, you can set the options with which you want the following copying process to be executed. Principally, HDClone automatically sets the optimal options for the
selected drives and the type of the copy. Only modify the options to troubleshoot problems
(7 Troubleshooting) or when you are sure that this improves the performance of HDClone.
Note: An improper modification of options can possibly lead to a deterioration of the copying
performance.
If the settings of the individual options comply with your demands, click [Next]. You then
come to the next dialog page where you can start the copying process (5.9 Copying data).
35
5.8 Selecting the options
5.8.1 Verifying
The option Verifying is an exception to the options described in this chapter (5.8.3 General
options). This option has no influence on the copying performance itself, but offers the possibility to synchronize the data of the source and target after the copying process. However, the
whole process of copying and verifying then normally takes approximately the double amount
of time. Choose this option according to your needs of copying and your time available.
Warning: You should not activate verification when you copy hard disks containing defects,
that means in particular when you use HDClone for a data recovery. Physical damages on the
drive could spread essentially faster because of the additional stress. Furthermore, the result
of a verification of hard disks with defects has no real expressiveness for logical reasons.
5.8.2 Locked options
The options have different possibilities of availability and selectability. Locked options cannot
be modified, but the displayed setting is valid. fig. 16 shows the different possibilities.
inactive
inactive & locked
active
fig. 16: Selecting the options (creating an image)
5.8.3 General options
In the column General, you find options, which relate to the operating method of HDClone
and the copying process in general.
Option
Meaning
Verifying
Compares the data of source and target after copying. Should not
be used for data recovery because this is an unnecessary additional
stress for a damaged drive (5.8.1 Verifying).
Copy free areas
Will also copy the free areas between partitions. If only a part of the
source is partitioned, this will speed up copying significantly. Only in
case of special contents (e.g. backup areas, dynamic disks/volumes)
it is inevitable to copy the free areas, too.
36
5.8 Selecting the options
Option
Meaning
MediaDirect (Dell)
Deactivate MediaDirect software on the target.
SmartCopy
Copying only: create a logical 1:1 copy (6.6 SmartCopy).
Defragmentation
Copying only (NTFS+FAT): reorganize file system during copying.
Store downsizing info
Creating images only (NTFS+FAT): will store information allowing to
downsize NTFS partitions when restoring the file image at some
point in the future. Without this information, partitions can only be
restored with their original size (or larger).
Store defrag info
Creating images only (NTFS & FAT): will store information allowing
to defragment NTFS partitions when restoring the file image at some
point in the future. Without this information, partitions cannot be defragmented during restoring.
Compression
Creating images only: will create a compressed file image to reduce
the required free space for storing it. (6.7.6 Compressed Images).
5.8.4 Options for source and target
In the columns Source and Target, you find setting possibilities, which relate especially to the
drives selected for the copying process.
Option
Meaning
Sector area
Exactly definable copying area (6.4 Area copy).
Error threshold
When copying to several targets, the maximum number of defective
sectors accepted per medium can be set here. If this limit is reached,
the regarding medium will be exempted from the copying process.
There will be no further attempts to write on that medium. This allows the remaining media to be copied at full speed. For example, a
good value for practical use is 32,000.
4k alignment
Target only: if this option is active, the copied partitions will be automatically aligned to 4 kilobyte boundaries on the target medium. If
this option is deactiveated, the copied partitions will be aligned at
the usual cylinder boundaries (CHS). When the source is alredy
aligned, the option will be activated automatically.
5.8.5 Advanced options
The dialog page Options contains the
most frequently needed options. More
detailed settings are accessible over the
button [Advanced options]. It opens a
dialog with more options (fig. 17). The
separation into different columns is the
same as on the dialog page Options.
fig. 17: Extended options
37
5.8 Selecting the options
5.8.5.1 General
These options refer to the general features of a copying run.
Option
Meaning
FastCopy
Special copy algorithm. Can increase the regular copy speed up to
the double.
SafeRescue
Special algorithm for data recovery. Tries to recover as large areas
on the drive as possible. Can also stay turned on for normal copies.
CachedMemory
Use fast intermediate memory.
SharedMemory
Use fast data transfers.
Animation
Switch off copy animation, may lead to a slight speed increase.
HotCopy / LiveImage
HDClone/W only: Allows or denies HDClone access to the Windows
shadow copy mechanism. If this option is deselected, HDClone is not
able to create copies or file images of the system volume or of
volumes, which are used by other programs at the same time.
Avoid exclusive read
access
HDClone/W only: Usually, HDClone when running on Windows, at
first tries to reserve the source drive for exclusive access. This is the
most reliable way for creating an identical copy, but it may interfere
with other programs running at the same time. If this option is selected, HDClone tries to create a HotCopy or a LiveImage at first.
Copy swap files
Creating images only: Usually, it is not necessary to store the files
pagefile.sys and hiberfil.sys in the file image. If this option is activated, both files will be stored in the file image. When creating a 1:1
copy – whether smart or physical – this option is always activated.
5.8.5.2 Source and target
These options refer to the specific abilities of source and target drives of a copying process.
Note: These options are not available under Windows and will therefore not be displayed by
HDClone/W.
Option
Meaning
IRQ
In IRQ mode, source and target are optimally synchronized. Only this
leads to a maximum copy transfer rate.
DMA
For highest transfer rate and the shortest copying time.
Read cache
Use fast read buffer.
Write cache
Use fast write buffer.
Multi-sector PIO
Increases speed by about 10% compared to the standard mode
when DMA is deactivated (see above).
Recovery via PIO
Optimal recovery of defective sectors.
Cooling phase
To fix data errors or interruptions during the USB data transfer
(7.6.2 Other device problems).
38
5.9 Copying data
5.9
Copying data
On the dialog page Copy data (fig. 18) , you can
start the copying process. Check beforehand in the
status field whether the settings for copying mode,
source, target, and the selected options are right. If
no, go back to the corresponding dialog page by
clicking (repeatedly) [Back] in the lower left corner of
the operating field and adjust the settings. As soon as
you want to start the copying process, click [Start] in
fig. 18: Dialog page 'Copy data'
the bottom margin of the operating field. During the
copying process, you can follow the process with the help of the displays described in the following subchapters.
5.9.1 Adjusting partitions
In case partition sizes can be altered a dialog window appears before the copying process will
be started (fig. 19). It allows you to adjust the size of several or all partitions to fit on the target medium as desired.
fig. 19: ‘Adjust partitions’ dialog
Positions and sizes of the partitions on the target medium are displayed graphically in a bar.
Each partition has a cipher or – from the tenth partition on – a letter assigned to it. If you click
on a partition in the bar, the box on the lower left will display additional information on the selected partition. FAT, NTFS, and ext2/ext3/ext4 partitions can be enlarged. NTFS partitions can
also be downsized. Each partition can be downsized to the minimum amount of space re quired by the existing data on this partition. Enlarging or downsizing can be accomplished
either automatically proportional to the size of the target medium or manually to an arbitrary
size. Hereby, the original size of the partition is displayed in light green, the minimal partition
39
5.9 Copying data
size achievable by downsizing in dark green, while the additionally assigned space when enlar ging a partition is displayed in light green striped. The size of partitions displayed in black can not be altered. Free space not yet assigned to any partition is displayed in white. There are
three options for how to handle free space on the target medium (5.9.1.1 Keep original
sizes, 5.9.1.2 Automatic adjustment, 5.9.1.3 Free adjustment).
Note: To facilitate downsizing an NTFS partition as far as possible, please delete at first any
files on this partition which are no longer needed.
Select the desired option. In case of Free adjustment, make the desired changes. Then click on
[Apply adjustments] for letting the selected adjustments become effective. If you click on
[Continue without adjustment], the following copying process will transfer the partitions of the
source to the target medium without any changes. Clicking on [Cancel] will bring you back to
the dialog page Copy data, without making any changes and without starting the copying process.
Note: In case you want to transfer the original partition layout to the target medium, please
click on [Continue without adjustment]. Although the option Keep original sizes will keep the
original partition sizes, it may though alter their absolute positions on the medium by shifting
them towards the beginning of the medium for a better utilization of free space.
5.9.1.1 Keep original sizes
The original sizes of the partitions from the source will
fig. 20: Option ‘Keep original sizes’
also be kept on the target medium (fig. 20). But the
partitions themselves will be “shifted together” at the beginning of the target medium, if possible. This approach is useful since it closes gaps between partitions, gaining additional space,
which is made available in one single block at the end of the medium.
5.9.1.2 Automatic adjustment
Free space on the target medium will be apportioned
fig. 21: Option ‘Automatic adjustment’
completely to the individual partitions, proportional to
their respective size (fig. 21). This increases the partitions’ sizes according to their part of the
full size of medium. Calculation of the size proportions is handled automatically by HDClone.
5.9.1.3 Free adjustment
You can adjust the apportioning of additional space
fig. 22: Option ‘Free adjustment’
on the target medium to the individual partitions by
yourself (fig. 22). You can change the size of a certain partition by clicking and dragging the
corresponding area on the graphical representation.
40
5.9 Copying data
5.9.2 Security query
Before the final start of the copying process, a security query (fig. 23) appears where source and target
of the copying process as well as corresponding security notes are displayed. Click [Start copying] to
start the copying process and [Cancel] to return
without starting the copying process.
Warning: All data in the target area will be irretrievably deleted by starting the copying process.
5.9.3 Copy animation
fig. 23: Security query
In the center of the operating field, you see the copy animation (if you have not deactivated it
when selecting the options) after the start of the copying process. The copy animation shows
that the copying process is running. Especially in case the other indications only change or do
not change at all for a time, e.g. in case of read or write errors, the copy animation shows that
HDClone is still running.
5.9.4 Status indication
On the left and right side of the operating field, you see the fields of the status indication. They
contain information on the current status of the copying process.
Status
Meaning
Sectors processed
Absolute number of sectors already copied.
Buffer size
Size of the internally used buffer.
Read errors
Number of the read errors occurred up to this point. This number
can also decrease if errors can be fixed. When starting the optional
verification run, this value is set back to zero.
Write errors
Number of the write errors occurred up to this point. This number
can also decrease if errors can be fixed. When starting the optional
verification run, this value is set back to zero.
Running time
Time passed since the start of the copying process.
Time remaining
Estimated (!) time remaining for the whole copying process (incl. the
optional verification run) on the basis of the copy speed attained up
to here. Note: The rest time can strongly increase in case of occurring read or write errors.
Data rate
Average data rate which has been attained up to this point of time.
The indicated value refers to the amount of copied data. The actual
throughput is twice as high (x MB copying = x MB reading + x MB
writing).
Verification errors
This indication is only used if you have selected Verifying as an option.
41
5.9 Copying data
5.9.5 Percentage indication
The percentage indication (fig. 8) is located below the copy animation. It shows how many
percent of the current run (5.9.7 Course of the process) are already finished.
5.9.6 Progress bar
The progress bar (fig. 8) below the percentage indication visualizes the progress of the current run. Which run (5.9.7 Course of the process) is currently processed is shown on the left
above the progress bar.
5.9.7 Course of the process
The whole process consists of up to three runs: the copying process itself, an optional debug
run (option SafeRescue active, 5.8.3 General options), and an optional verification run (option Verifying active, 5.8.3 General options). In this manual, the designation copying process
includes the optional debug run because it belongs to the copying process, even if it is ex ecuted afterwards.
5.9.8 Interrupting the running process
You can interrupt the running copying process or the
verification run at any time by clicking [Stop]. A dialog window then appears (fig. 24 and fig. 25)
where you have the choice to either continue the
process (click on [Continue copying] or [Continue
verifying]) or to abort it completely (click on [Abort
fig. 24: Abort dialog copying process
copying] or [Abort verifying],5.10.1 User abort). As
long as you select neither option, the current copying process remains interrupted.
5.10
Termination of the copying process
5.10.1 User abort
If you interrupt a running copying process or verification run by clicking [Stop] (5.9.8 Interrupting the
running process), you can definitively abort the process in the dialog window which then appears (fig.
24 and fig. 25) by clicking [Abort copying] or [Abort
verifying]. You then obtain a final report (5.10.4 Final report) upon the prematurely terminated process.
fig. 25: Abort dialog verification run
Note: Unlike an aborted copying run, an aborted verification run has no influence on the
copied data. The copy itself is already finished at that point of time.
42
5.10 Termination of the copying process
5.10.2 Regular termination
After up to three runs (5.9.7 Course of the process) without a premature abort, the copying
process is regularly ended. You then obtain a final report upon the complete copying process
in a dialog window (5.10.4 Final report).
5.10.3 Adjust media parameters
After finishing the copying process, a dialog for adjusting media
parameters appears (fig. 26). Since HDClone creates a 1:1 copy,
the data from the Master Boot Record (MBR) and of the boot sector(s) are also copied to the target medium. As this characteristic
of a 1:1 copy sometimes causes problems in practice, HDClone
offers to adjust the regarding media parameters optimally for the
target medium.
Important: In case you adjust the target medium, it will no longer
be an absolute 1:1 copy. Especially in case of forensic analysis
you might want to abstain any adjustment.
HDClone automatically sets parameter values, which are optimal
for the respective medium in most cases. They usually just need to
be confirmed. A manual change of the preset parameters is only
needed in exceptional cases. The parameters refer to the Master
Boot Record (MBR) and to any known boot sector(s) and are
grouped correspondingly.
fig. 26: Adjustment dialog
Parameter
Meaning
Geometry used
To boot from the medium, the device geometry has to match
the geometry set in BIOS.
Adopt partition ID
Use same partition type as on the source medium.
Adjust partition size
Set the space reserved for the target partition to the size
needed by the partition that has been copied.
Adjust CHS layout
Use the values set under Geometry used for adjusting the
MBR or the boot sector(s).
Reset disk signature
Reset unique media signature.
Adjust offset
Adjust real partition start address in boot sector(s).
Patch boot code
Avoids boot problems on older hardware.
Change volume ID
Create a new ID for the partition. Unconditionally necessary
when source and target work in the same PC.
When the parameters and options are set as desired, click on [Adjust] to modify the medium
or click on [No changes] to leave the medium unchanged.
43
5.10 Termination of the copying process
Note: In case of a copy with several target media (Enterprise Edition only) the dialog appears
only once. The selected adjustments are then carried out for all target media.
5.10.4 Final report
After termination (fig. 27) or the abort (fig. 28) of a copying process, you obtain a final report in a dialog window with the following information.
fig. 27: Final report after a successful
fig. 28: Final report after the
copying and verification run
abort of the copying run
• A complete copy has been created: in case the copying process has been finished without
an abort (even if the verification run has been aborted).
• The copying process has been aborted: in case the copying run has been aborted before its
regular termination.
• The copy has not been verified: in case no verification run has been executed after the
copying process or in case the copying process has been prematurely aborted.
• The copy has been only partly verified: in case the verification run has been aborted pre-
maturely.
• The copy has been verified: in case the verification has been terminated without an abort.
Furthermore, the final report contains the following information:
Field
Meaning
Source
Source drive/partition of the copying process.
Target
Target drive/partition of the copying process.
Copied sectors
Total number of copied sectors.
44
5.10 Termination of the copying process
Field
Meaning
Read errors
Total number of the read errors occurred during the copying process. Read errors, which occur during the verification run, are exclusively counted as verification errors.
Write errors
Total number of the write errors occurred during the copying process. Write errors, which occur during the verification run, are exclusively counted as verification errors.
Verification errors
Total number of the errors occurred during the verification run. This
includes write and read errors as well as non-identical data during
the comparison. This field is not shown, if no verification run was started. If the verification run has been aborted, maybe not all verification errors have been discovered due to the premature abort.
Runtime
Time required for the whole process, i.e. copying process and verification run (if executed).
You can start another copying process by clicking [Another copy] or end the program by clicking [Quit HDClone] (5.11.2 Good-bye screen).
5.11
Ending the program
5.11.1 End dialog
You can end HDClone at any time. Possibly open dialog windows have to be closed before. Click then the
end symbol [X] (5.3.2 Operating field) in the upper
right corner of the operating field (fig. 6) or press
<ESC>. The end dialog appears (fig. 29) where you
can quit HDClone by clicking [Yes] and return to the
program by clicking [No]. Furthermore, you can cancel HDClone directly after a terminated copying process (5.10.4 Final report).
fig. 29: End dialog
5.11.2 Good-bye screen
After the termination of HDClone, either via the end
dialog (5.11.1 End dialog) or via the dialog window
with the final report (5.10.4 Final report), a goodbye screen appears (fig. 30). You can then shut
down the computer or reboot it.
Note: If you do not want to start HDClone when
you start the computer the next time, remove the
HDClone boot medium from the boot drive.
fig. 30: Good-bye screen
45
6 Operating principles
In this paragraph, you find detailed descriptions upon the operating principles of the copying
modes and upon the operating procedure of HDClone in case of defective media.
6.1
Copying modes
HDClone can handle whole hard disks as well as individual partitions. The program therefore
offers different copying modes, whose meaning, effect and possibilities of use are explained in
the following subchapters. However, the different copying modes only represent the technical
possibilities offered by HDClone. Each copying mode has, ac-cording to the system environ ment, numerous practical possibilities of application, which cover the data recovery over the
backup to the migration of entire operating system installations (2 Fields of application).
6.1.1 Preliminary remark
The copying modes offered by HDClone aim to cover as many possibilities of application of
the 1:1 copy as possible. Since many users have their own individual requirements and cases of
application for the 1:1 copy, some of the offered possibilities only lead to an intermediate step
(e.g. in case of a backup, 6.1.6 Drive-to-partition). As long as you do not overwrite any areas
containing data which is still needed, you can try every copying mode without problems because the original remains unchanged.
Important: In case of a data recovery from a defective hard disk, you should first of all make
a physical 1:1 copy or a physical 1:1 image of the whole hard disk onto an identically big or a
bigger hard disk (6.2 Size differences). With that copy, you can then try different copying
modes or recovery trials without any risk regarding the original data.
6.1.2 Physical copy
A physical copy copies a cohesive area of a hard disk onto another area on the same hard disk
or onto another hard disk. It is capital for the usability of the copy and its integrity which area is
copied and onto which area on the target disk the data is copied. To keep the process easily
manageable for the user and to allow you to create a copy according to your wishes and
needs in the easiest way possible (see also6.1.1 Preliminary remark), HDClone offers the
copying modes described in the following subchapters. Which copying mode is the best for
what purpose, is described in the respective subchapter as well as in 2 Fields of application.
6.1.3 Logical Copy
A logical copy takes only those area of a storage medium into account for the data transfer,
which are occupied by the operating system and data files (6.6 SmartCopy). Any free areas
– including unused space within a file system – will not be copied. Since in most cases only a
fraction of the available storage capacity is actually occupied with data, a logical copy is usually notably faster than a physical copy, sometimes even a multiple.
Important: Since a logical copy evaluates information from the file systems to find out which
areas will have to be copied, it should by no means be used with defective media or corrup 46
6.1 Copying modes
ted file systems. Otherwise the behavior of HDClone will be unpredictable. Moreover, copies
created under such circumstances are mostly faulty and useless since they are based on corrupted file system information. Therefore, especially for rescuing data, please always use a
physical copy in these cases (6.1.2 Physical copy).
6.1.4 Drive-to-drive
This copying mode creates a ‘classical’ 1:1 copy.
Each sector of the source hard disk is copied to
the same address on the target hard disk. After
the successful termination of the copying process, hard disks of an identical size match in
every sec-tor. Different sizes of the hard disks
result in a non-copied resp. non-overwritten area
(6.2 Size differences).
fig. 31: Drive-to-drive
The drive-to-drive copying mode is especially useful for the following areas of use:
• Migration of an existing operation system installation to a larger drive (2.1 Upgrading hard
disks & migrating an OS).
• Rescue of entire hard disks (2.2 Data rescue).
• Backup and restore of entire drives or operating system installations (2.3 Installation
backup).
• Multiple installations (2.5.1 Duplicating system installations).
• Copying proprietary file systems and data formats onto another drive (2.6 Proprietary hard
disk formats).
• Backup of hard disk data for a forensic evaluation and further processing (2.7 Forensic data
securing).
6.1.5 Partition-to-partition
This copying mode functions similarly to the
above described mode (6.1.4 Drive-to-drive).
However, in this case, not the whole hard disk is
copied, but only the content of an individual parfig. 32: Partition-to-partition
tition is copied. This copy is executed sector by
sector, too. Relatively a the beginning of the respective partition, the individual sectors are also
moved to the same address. However, due to the principle and in contrast to the drive-todrive mode, the individual sectors are not at the same absolute address in relation to the complete hard disk. Perhaps such a copy is therefore not directly usable, but only after it has been
copied back (2.3 Installation backup) or adapted to the changed absolute position on the
hard disk (5.10.3 Adjust media parameters).
The partition-to-partition copying mode is especially useful for the following areas of use:
47
6.1 Copying modes
• Migration of an existing operation system partition to another drive (2.1 Upgrading hard
disks & migrating an OS). Bootability cannot be guaranteed.
• Rescue of individual partitions (2.2 Data rescue).
• Backup and restore of individual (operating system) partitions (2.3 Installation backup).
• Multiple installations of individual (system) partitions (2.5.1 Duplicating system installa-
tions).
• Copying of proprietary file systems and data formats onto another drive (2.6 Proprietary
hard disk formats) - only with a valid partition table!
• Backup of individual partitions for forensic analysis and further processing (2.7 Forensic
data securing).
• Temporary storage or intermediate storage of a partition, e.g. in case of a reorganization of a
hard disk.
• Relocating a partition within a medium or to another medium.
6.1.6 Drive-to-partition
This copying mode stores a physical copy of a
complete hard disk in a partition on an-other
hard disk. Physical images of several hard disks
can be stored on a single hard disk for example
(in different partitions) (2.5.2 Handling several
master installations). In most of the cases, such a
fig. 33: Drive-to-partition
partition cannot be used directly. This copying
mode mainly serves to create a backup of a hard disk. This is why it is mostly used in context
with the partition-to-drive copying mode (6.1.7 Partition-to-drive), which recovers the previously backed up data.
The drive-to-partition copying mode is especially useful for the following areas of use:
• Rescue of several drives onto one single drive (2.2 Data rescue).
• Backup of several drives (2.5.2 Handling several master installations).
• Backup of the data from several drives onto one single (correspondingly big) drive for a sub -
sequent forensic analysis and further processing (2.7 Forensic data securing).
• Temporary storage or intermediate storage of entire drives.
6.1.7 Partition-to-drive
This copying mode copies the content of individual partitions onto a single hard disk. This
copying mode mainly serves to restore a previously created backup of a hard disk or to bring in
one of several previously stored master installations (2.5.2 Handling several master installations). That is why it is normally used in combina48
fig. 34: Partition-to-drive
6.1 Copying modes
tion with the drive-to-partition copying mode 6.1.6 Drive-to-partition for a data recovery. If
an arbitrary partition is copied onto a hard disk on the contrary, the hard disk is in most of the
cases not directly usable.
The partition-to-drive copying mode is especially useful for the following areas of use:
• Restore of a complete drive which has been previously backed up with the drive-to-partition
copying mode (6.1.6 Drive-to-partition).
• Multiple installations (2.5.1 Duplicating system installations).
• Decoupling of hard disk data that has previously been saved in individual partitions for a
forensic evaluation (2.7 Forensic data securing).
6.1.8 Create drive image
This copying mode allows to copy the contents
of an entire drive to an image file. The result is a
file, containing an exact image of the source
drive. Depending on the type of image used
(6.7 Imaging), the image file contains a logical
image (6.7.1 Logical images) or a physically exfig. 35: Create drive image
act 1:1 image (6.7.2 Physical images). A physical image can be processed by third party programs in certain cases (6.7.3 RAW images). In
case of a logical image, the data stored in the image file is identical to a direct copy using
SmartCopy mode (6.6 SmartCopy), i.e. only sectors in use on the drive are stored. In case of
a physical image or RAW image, all sectors on the drive are stored bit by bit, similar to a physical 1:1 copy.
The copying mode create drive image is suitable for the following areas of application::
• Backup of an entire drive to a file (2.3 Installation backup).
• Creating master installations (2.5.1 Duplicating system installations).
• Data rescue to an image (2.2 Data rescue) for transmission and further processing.
• Forensic drive image for further evaluation (2.7 Forensic data securing).
6.1.9 Create partition image
This copying mode allows to copy the contents
of a single partition to an image file. The result is
a file, containing an exact image of the source
partition. Depending on the type of image used
fig. 36: Create partition image
(6.7 Imaging), the image file contains a logical
image (6.7.1 Logical images) or a physically exact 1:1 image (6.7.2 Physical images). A physical image can be processed by third party programs in certain cases (6.7.3 RAW images). In case of a logical image, the data stored in the
image file is identical to a direct copy using SmartCopy mode (6.6 SmartCopy), i.e. only sec-
49
6.1 Copying modes
tors in use of the partition are stored. In case of a physical image or RAW image, all sectors of
the partition are stored bit by bit, similar to a physical 1:1 copy.
The copying mode create partition image is suitable for the following areas of application::
• Backup of single (system-) partitions to a file (2.3 Installation backup).
• Creating master installations (2.5.1 Duplicating system installations).
• Data rescue to an image (2.2 Data rescue) for transmission and further processing.
• Forensic partition image for further evaluation (2.7 Forensic data securing).
6.1.10 Restore drive image
This copying mode allows to restore the contents
of an image file to a drive. It is used to restore
backups, to roll out master installations, or to
copy data previously saved to an image file back
to a drive for data recovery or forensic evaluation. It is recommended that a drive image is
fig. 37: Restore drive image
used as source. Copying a partition image to an
entire drive may yield a result which is not usable for direct access in most cases.
The copying mode restore drive image is suitable for the following areas of application::
• Restore of an entire drive from a drive image (6.1.8 Create drive image).
• Rolling out master installations (2.5.1 Duplicating system installations).
• Copying back previously saved drive images for data recovery (2.2 Data rescue) or
forensic evaluation. (2.7 Forensic data securing).
6.1.11 Restore partition image
This copying mode allows to restore the contents
of an image file to a partition. It is used to restore
backups, to roll out master installations, or to
copy data previously saved to an image file back
fig. 38: Restore partition image
to a partition for data recovery or forensic evaluation. It is recommended that a partition image is
used as source. Copying a drive image to a single partition may yield a result which is not usable for direct access in most cases.
The copying mode restore partition image is suitable for the following areas of application::
• Restore of a single partition from a partition image (6.1.9 Create partition image).
• Rolling out master installations (2.5.1 Duplicating system installations).
• Copying back previously saved partition images for data recovery (2.2 Data rescue) or
forensic evaluation. (2.7 Forensic data securing).
50
6.2 Size differences
6.2
Size differences
To create a real 1:1 copy, source and target must have the same size. HDClone is also capable
to create physical copies if the size of source and target differs. The following subchapters de scribe according to what rules HDClone processes and what are the results.
6.2.1 Equal size
If source and target are of the same size, HDClone creates an absolutely identical copy
(clone). On this clone, all sectors on source and target, from the first to the last sector, are
100% identical, provided that the process was error-free. Principally, HDClone can create such
a clone in all available copying modes. However, only the mode drive-to-drive (6.1.4 Driveto-drive) guarantees that the individual sectors of source and target also have the same absolute position on the hard disk.
6.2.2 Small to large
If the source is smaller than the target, HDClone copies only the data that is available on the
source. This data is copied from the beginning of the source onto the beginning of the target
medium. The area at the end of the target medium, which is larger than the source, remains
unaffected. Apart from that the unaffected area remains possibly unused during a later usage,
such a copy is usually comparable to a real clone as far as the capacity of use is concerned because the target contains entirely all data of the source (in contrast to 6.2.3 Large to small).
6.2.3 Large to small
If the source is bigger than the target, HDClone copies only the data which also fits onto the
target. This data is copied from the beginning of the source to the beginning of the target me dium. The data which is larger than the target is not copied and is missing on the target. Generally, such a copy can only restrictedly be used because possibly necessary data can be missing.
However, if you make sure before copying (e.g. by defragmentation) that all valid or necessary
data is in the front part of the source medium and that this area is not larger than the target
medium, a copy onto a smaller target medium can also be successfully used. This also applies if
you have copied a smaller source onto a larger target (6.2.2 Small to large) and if you copy
back the (unchanged) data onto the original medium or onto a target of the corresponding
size.
6.3
Automatic troubleshooting
In case of occurring errors, HDClone tries to troubleshoot them the best possible. If this is not
possible, the errors will be mentioned in a corresponding error statistic. The following chapters
give you more detailed information on the troubleshooting and error statistic in HDClone.
6.3.1 Intensive reading/writing
In case of read or write errors, HDClone uses different strategies in order to still be able to read
or write this data, if possible. The time used for defective areas depends to a large extent on
51
6.3 Automatic troubleshooting
the respective medium. According to the medium and its state, several seconds up to minutes
can be needed for the recovery trials. Therefore, it is recommended to always activate the option SafeRescue (5.8.3 General options) because then handling defective sectors takes
place after the copying of all intact areas has been finished. The process can then be aborted
if it takes too long without losing the data of the intact areas.
6.3.2 Read errors
During the copying process, read errors can only occur on the source medium. HDClone then
tries to read the defective areas immediately after the termination of the copying process
(with the option SafeRescue, 5.8.3 General options) with the help of special data recovery
strategies within a single troubleshooting run (5.9.7 Course of the process). During the
troubleshooting run, the number of the indicated read errors can reduce according to the
areas on the source medium, which could be recovered.
Note: Read errors, that occur during the verification run, are not counted as read errors but
as verification errors (5.9.4 Status indication). The indicated read errors only refers to the
errors occurred during the copying process (including the debug run).
6.3.3 Write errors
Write errors can only occur during the copying process and only on the target medium. HDClone then tries to read the defective areas immediately after the termination of the copying
process (with the option SafeRescue, 5.8.3 General options) with the help of special data recovery strategies within a proper troubleshooting run (5.9.7 Course of the process). During
the troubleshooting run, the number of the indicated write errors can decrease according to
the areas on the target medium, which could be recovered.
6.3.4 Verification errors
When the option Verifying (5.8.1 Verifying) is activated, HDClone executes a verification
run (5.9.7 Course of the process) after the copying process. A verification error is counted if
the data of two sectors on source and target do not correspond. Furthermore, read errors,
which occur during the verification run in one or both of the areas to be compared, are also
counted as verification errors. Therefore, the number of verification errors gives you absolute
information on how exactly source and target correspond to each other after the copying process. In case of an error-free copying process, HDClone should not report any verification errors and signalize a 100% conformity of source and target.
6.4
Area copy
In case of an area copy, the source or target medium (or both) is not used as a whole. Only a
partial area of the selected medium(drive or partition) is used for the copy.
52
6.4 Area copy
6.4.1 Usage
The dialog page Options provides the possibility to specify an exactly definable sector area for
source and target (5.8.4 Options for source and target). To specify a sector area, activate
the check box Sector area and enter the starting (from) and the ending (to) sector of the area
to define. These sectors are interpreted as the first and the last sector of the are, i.e. they are
included with the area.
Note: The sector counting starts with with ‘0’ (= 1st sector of the medium). Accordingly, all further sector numbers have to be decreased by 1, too (e.g. from = 0, to = 99999 defines the
first 100000 sectors on the medium as an area).
Warning: You should not conduct an area copy unless you are completely aware of its functioning and possible consequences. A sector area, which has not been defined with expertise
may lead to data loss.
6.4.2 Functioning
The sector area is always subordinated to the selected medium (drive or partition) and is interpreted relatively to the starting position of the medium. Instead of using the whole medium for
the subsequent copying process, only the defined sector area will be used as source or target.
During copying, the data from the first sector of the source area will be copied to the first sec tor of the target area and so on. Compared to a normal copy, the only difference is that in stead of copying the whole drive or partition only the defined partial area is used in the copy ing process.
Example: The values from = 0, to = 31 define an are of 32 sectors. In case of the type of
source (or target) is drive, the declaration refers to the first 32 sectors on the drive. In case
the type of source (or target) is partition, the declaration refers to the first 32 sectors of the
partition and may be located at an arbitrary position of the drive (depending on the partition
table).
6.5
Mass copy (MultiCopy mode)
In case of a mass copy the contents of the source medium are copied on multiple target me dia at the same time. As a result there is a huge benefit regarding time and performance, since
the source data only has to be read once and the data can be written on multiple target media at the same time.
6.5.1 Mode of operation
With HDClone, creating a multi or mass copy works exactly the same (simple) way as creating
a single 1:1 copy. The only difference is that instead of only one multiple target media can be
selected. This becomes possible as soon as the option MultiCopy is being selected in the target
medium dialog (5.7 Selecting data source and target). Then it is possible to select multiple
target media from the list. The further procedure then is the same as when creating a single
1:1 copy.
53
6.5 Mass copy (MultiCopy mode)
Note: When creating a mass copy, the result on a single medium is identical with the result of
a single copy. If the target medium is smaller than the source, it is not possible to copy all
data. If the target medium is larger, the region which exceeds the size of the source medium
will remain unchanged. This is also valid when using one of the different copying modes
(6.1 Copying modes): regarding the result, there is no difference in comparison to a single
copy.
6.5.2 Speed
Mass copying yields an enormous advantage in speed compared to single copies. In case of
optimal connected media (6.5.3 Different media), speed increases straight proportional with
the number of target media. For example, a fourfold copy yields about four times the data
throughput of a single copy.
6.5.3 Different media
Regarding mass copying HDClone offers the possibility to connect all types of supported drives
in arbitrary combinations. But there may be huge differences in performance according to
which drives are used and how they are connected. For maximum speed, only IDE, SATA, and
SCSI drives ought to be used. And IDE drives should always be configured as master.
6.6
SmartCopy
6.6.1 Mode of operation
SmartCopy mode creates logical 1:1 copies. It allows HDClone to save a huge amount of the
time needed for creating a physical 1:1 copy – depending on how much data is stored on the
medium. SmartCopy mode creates a bitwise copy as well, but in contrast to a physical 1:1
copy it only refers to the areas marked as used on the medium. For many cases, this mode is
more suitable since it yields the same result in less time.
Note: Since it is only a copy, you can always try SmartCopy mode first. If it turns out not to
be sufficient for your individual case, you can still create a physical 1:1 copy.
Important: Never use the SmartCopy mode for 2.2 Data rescue. Also, only use it in exceptional cases for 2.7 Forensic data securing, i.e. only if you are definitely sure that it is sufficient for the regarding case.
6.6.2 Usage
For copying media using SmartCopy, simply activate the option SmartCopy on the dialog page
Options (5.8.3 General options). The SmartCopy mode can be applied to entire hard disks or
other media as well as to single partitions. SmartCopy currently supports the file systems NTFS,
FAT, ext2, and ext3. In case of other file systems, a physical 1:1 copy will be created, even
when the SmartCopy option is activated.
54
6.7 Imaging
6.7
Imaging
Besides direct media to media copies, HDClone is also capable of creating images of a medium
and storing them in a file. An image contains the same data as a copy. When an image has
been restored to another medium, the result is the same as if it had been copied directly from
the source medium.
Information: Images offer many advantages if the data of a certain medium has rather to be
stored than copied directly. Since images are normal files, stored in folders, managing them is
a lot easier. Images also can be transmitted or exchanged, e.g. on optical discs or via network
and the Internet.
6.7.1 Logical images
Logical images store – exactly like logical 1:1 copies – only those areas of a medium that con tain valid data. Therefore a logical image requires much less disk space than a physical image in
most cases. This implies that creating logical images also requires much less time. This makes
them the perfect choice for creating backups or for managing several system installations.
6.7.2 Physical images
Physical images store – exactly like physical 1:1 copies – all areas of the medium. In contrast to
a pure copy, physical images store the data in a file which can be archived (e.g. as a 1:1 emer gency backup) or transmitted afterwards. The latter may be useful for restoring the medium at
another location without having to transfer a physical medium. This makes it easier, faster, and
more secure.
6.7.3 RAW images
RAW images are also a kind of physical images. They contain the same data as physical images.
HDClone just uses a special file format for physical images, which supports HDClone's special
modes (e.g. SafeRescue) optimally. In contrast, RAW images contain the data of a medium in
the same linear order as they are stored on the medium. This makes it easier to process image
files with third party programs.
Tip: RAW images are especially suitable for using them for data streaming or with virtual machines. A RAW image can be used like a normal (virtual) drive with many virtual machines.
HDClone includes support of VMware virtual machines (6.7.4 VMDK images).
6.7.4 VMDK images
You can use file images created with HDClone to include them directly into a virtual machine
of the VMware virtualization software. For this purpose, VMware requires a VMDK file.
HDClone will add this file automatically when creating a RAW image (6.7.3 RAW images).
When opening the regarding HDClone file image with VMware, you will be displayed a VMDK
file of the same name. You then can select and use it. The VMDK files HDClone creates comply with “HWversion=4” and are specified to be used with the following versions of VMware:
55
6.7 Imaging
• VMware Player starting from version 1.x
• VMware Workstation starting from version 5.x
• VMware Server starting from version 1.x
• VMware ESXi starting from version 3
Hint: Currently HDClone creates VMDK files only in combination with RAW images. If you
have another type of image available and want to create a VMDK image out of it, you can
use the Miray Virtual Disk software (8 Miray Virtual Disk) to achieve this. Mount the existing image as a virtual drive and use HDClone to create a RAW image of this virtual drive. The
RAW image then will contain the VMDK file to be used directly with VMware as described
above.
6.7.5 Mode of operation
When choosing a copying mode (5.6 Selecting the copying mode) you can specify Image as
source (= restore image) or target (= create image). You can create physical images of any
media supported by HDClone. For creating logical images, it is required (just as for logical copies) that the source medium is formatted with FAT, NTFS, ext2, or ext3. With HDClone/S you
can use FAT32 or NTFS formatted media for reading and writing image files. HDClone/W also
supports network drives.
6.7.6 Compressed Images
When creating a file image, the dialog page Options (5.8 Selecting the options) offers you to
create a compressed image. Please choose the option Compression to have HDClone compress the file image. Regarding operating HDClone and the files where images are stored in,
there is – apart from the file size – no difference between compressed and uncompressed file
images from the user's point of view.
The compression algorithm used by HDClone has been adjusted in a way that results in an optimal tradeoff between compression rate and speed for most cases of application. Hereby, creating compressed file images will consume more time than decompressing file images at restore. Respectively, the speed when restoring a compressed file image is usually higher than
when creating it.
Note: Activating compression usually leads to a lower copying speed, since compressing data
consumes extra time. But in special cases, creating compressed file image can lead to an
even higher copying speed – as well when creating as when restoring file images. This may
be possible especially when the medium containing the file image is relatively slow, for example slow USB keys, mass storage media connected via USB 1.1, or slow network drives.
6.8
Defragmentation
For NTFS file systems, HDClone offers on the dialog page Options (5.8 Selecting the options)
to choose a defragmentation being performed during the copying process. For using this abil ity, please choose the option Defragmentation. Apart from the general advantages of a de56
6.8 Defragmentation
fragmentation, in particular the acceleration of file accesses and the boot process, HDClone offers the special advantage of performing the defragmentation process without consuming significant extra time. Downsizing or defragmenting can also be selected when restoring from an
image if it has been created using the options Store downsizing info or Store defrag info
(5.8.3 General options).
Important: Use defragmentation on healthy file systems only, meaning only those file systems
declared being flawless by programs like chkdsk.exe (Windows).
Note: When downsizing NTFS partitions, HDClone may also perform a shifting of data blocks.
This shifting aims to reduce the file system's size in as few steps as necessary. Therefore, to
perform a defragmentation, please select the option Defragmentation explicitly even when
downsizing a file system.
6.9
Command line interface
To integrate HDClone into automated processes or to enable it for time-triggered calls, there is
the additional file hdclone-cl.exe for calling HDClone from the Windows command line. This
program is destined for being called by batch and shell scripts or program links. It handles user
input and output exclusively via the command line and calling parameters.
This allows to use the command line version for areas of application, for which the graphical
version is not suitable, like the following examples:
• Time-triggered calling
Scheduled calls of HDClone by the Windows Task Manager to start frequent or periodic
copying processes automatically, for example backups.
• Script integration
Calling HDClone from scripts for integrating it into automated processes, for example for
data rescue, mass installation (deployment), or for forensic tasks.
• Programmed processes
For recurring copying processes, you can create links in the Start Menu, the Quick Launch
bar, or on the Desktop to allow these programmed processes to be called quickly and easily
at any time.
Hint: When calling hdclone-cl.exe -help or without any parameters or with an insufficient
number of parameters, a list of supported parameters in combination with a short description
of their usage will be displayed
The following sub-chapter lists and explains the supported parameters. The order of the single
parameters when appending them to the call of hdclone-cl.exe is arbitrary.
6.9.1 Program call
The command line version of HDClone expects the following calling syntax:
• Copying an entire drive
hdclone-cl.exe -mode:d2d -srcdrv:[number] -dstdrv:[number]
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6.9 Command line interface
• Copying a single partition
hdclone-cl.exe -mode:p2p -srcvol:[drvletter] -dstvol:[drvletter]
• Creating a file image of an entire drive
hdclone-cl.exe -mode:d2i -srcdrv:[number] -dstvol:[drvletter] -dstimg:[filename]
• Creating a file image of a single partition
hdclone-cl.exe -mode:p2i -srcvol:[drvletter] -dstvol:[drvletter] -dstimg:[filename]
• Restoring a file image to an entire drive
hdclone-cl.exe -mode:i2d -srcvol:[drvletter] -srcimg:[filename] -dstdrv:[number]
• Restoring a file image to a single partition
hdclone-cl.exe -mode:i2p -srcvol:[drvletter] -srcimg:[filename] -dstvol:[drvletter]
Note: When using Enterprise Edition with more than one target, calling syntax is extended as
follows: the parameter combinations -dstdrv:[number] (drive), -dstvol:[drvletter]
(partition/volume), or -dstvol:[drvletter] -dstimg:[filename] (file image) have to be specified
iteratively, one for each copying target.
Providing the parameters described above is mandatory when calling hdclone-cl.exe. If one of
the parameters is not provided or an invalid value is assigned, the call will be canceled with an
error message.
Note: The copying modes Drive-to-Partition and Partition-to-Drive are not available in the
command line version. Please use the functions for creating and restoring drive images instead.
6.9.2 Optional parameters
There is a number of further, optional parameters, allowing you to enable or disable certain
features of HDClone for the copying process. They are provided in the from:
-[option]:[on|off]
The following table lists the available options. The values printed in capital letters (ON or OFF)
represents the default value for the respective parameter. This value will be used if you do not
explicitly provide this parameter. The individual options correspond to the options of the
graphical HDClone program.
Option
Meaning
-verify:[on|OFF]
Perform an additional verification run (5.8.1 Verifying).
-smart:[ON|off]
Faster copies and smaller images by having HDClone use logical file
system information (6.6 SmartCopy).
-freespace:[on|OFF]
Copy unused areas (5.8.3 General options).
-swapfiles:[on|OFF]
Copy pagefile.sys and hiberfil.sys (5.8.5 Advanced options).
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6.9 Command line interface
Option
Meaning
-timestamp:[ON|off]
Automatically extend the names of image files by a time-stamp. For
labeling periodic backups and to avoid identical naming of file images. Without this option, the command line version will cancel the
process in case of identical names.
-compression:[on|OFF]
Create a compressed file image (5.8.3 General options).
-raw:[on|OFF]
Create a RAW image (6.7.3 RAW images).
-defrag:[on|OFF]
NTFS+FAT only: Also perform a defragmentation when copying or
store defragmentation information when creating a file image
(5.8.3 General options).
-resizeinfo:[ON|off]
NTFS+FAT only: Store information for downsizing when creating file
images (5.8.3 General options).
6.9.3 Examples of use
The following examples represent a selection of frequently used scenarios, but they do not
cover all possible variations or areas of use.
• Copying Disk 1 to Disk 2, physical 1:1 copy (e.g. hard disk copy)
hdclone-cl.exe -mode:d2d -srcdrv:1 -dstdrv:2 -smart:off -freespace:on
• Copying drive D: to drive E: with verification (e.g. copy of an individual partition)
hdclone-cl.exe -mode:p2p -srcvol:D -dstvol:E -verify:on
• Backup image: storing Disk 1 to file on drive E: (e.g. hard disk backup)
hdclone-cl.exe -mode:d2i -srcdrv:1 -dstvol:E -dstimg:my_disk_backup
• Backup image: storing drive D: to file on drive E: with compression (e.g. save a partition)
hdclone-cl.exe -mode:p2i -srcvol:D -dstvol:E -dstimg:my_drive_backup -compression:on
• Restoring a file image from drive E: to Disk 1
hdclone-cl.exe -mode:i2d -srcvol:E -srcimg:my_disk_backup -dstdrv:1
• Restoring a file image from drive E: to partition D: with defragmentation 'on-the-fly'
hdclone-cl.exe -mode:i2p -srcvol:E -srcimg:my_drive_backup -dstvol:D -defrag:on
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7 Troubleshooting
This paragraph describes possible problems when using HDClone and offers proposals for solution. If there should be no proposal for solution for a problem, you can gladly contact our Sup port (9.5 Support).
7.1
Load errors
During the start of the program, before HDClone is loaded itself, a message and a progress bar
will appear on the boot screen. In case of an error, one of the following error codes will be indicated here.
7.1.1 Error #5002 and ‘Disk error’
This error will be displayed if the boot medium is not readable when booting the program. The
error is reported by the BIOS of the computer and points to a defective data carrier or a problem with the used boot drive. In many cases, in particular when booting from a floppy disk, an
incompatibility between drive and data carrier is the cause. Principally this problem can be
fixed. Please try the following steps, at best in the indicated order:
• Try again to boot the program, perhaps with/without cold start.
• Create once again a bootable disk (4 Installation).
• Floppy disk: format the floppy disk (no quick format) before creating a new one.
• Floppy disk: use another floppy disk.
• Use (if possible) another boot drive.
Note: If you didn’t receive HDClone as an installation package but on a bootable disk and if a
disk shows this problems also after multiple trials on different devices, please contact our Support (9.5 Support) and indicate your license number.
7.1.2 Other errors
If other errors in the form of #(number) should occur when loading the program, please con tact our Support (9.5 Support).
7.2
Keyboard and mouse
HDClone supports keyboards and mice with PS/2 standard or USB connector (3 Supported
hardware). This also includes many wireless mice, given they are connected as a true USB
device. Input devices connected with Bluetooth are currently not supported. In this case,
please connect a separate USB device. If keyboard or mouse (or both) do not function with
HDClone, this is usually due to a wrong legacy emulation setting in BIOS setup. On most computers, you can fix this problem by changing (activating or deactivating, depending on the current setting) the emulation for PS/2 devices in BIOS setup. Please consult your computer manual on how to change this setting since it may be named differently according to the respective
BIOS. In most of the cases, you can find it under the name USB Legacy Support or USB Keyboard Support (often under Integrated Peripherals or Advanced Options).
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7.2 Keyboard and mouse
Note: In some of the cases, problems with the PS/2 keyboard and/or mouse occurred with an
activated emulation for PS/2 devices. If you do not use any USB input de-vices, please switch
off the PS/2 emulation in the BIOS setup.
7.3
General problems
7.3.1 Slowed down system
If you think the speed of the total system or the copying speed – also with IDE and SCSI
devices – is too slow, a USB controller can be the cause, even if it is not used ( 7.6.4 Speed
loss).
Note: In case the working speed of a copy is significantly below the source medium and the
technical performance data of the target medium imply a significantly higher performance,
the target medium might be a drive with a deviant internal block size. In this case, try to use
the automatic alignment option (5.8.4 Options for source and target).
7.3.2 Read, write and verification errors
If HDClone reports errors, these are usually defective areas on the respective medium. However, general problems with the hardware can possibly also cause (putative) read and write errors. This is mostly noticeable by a very high number of displayed errors. First of all, try to fix
the problem via the help instructions for the respective hardware types (IDE, SCSI, USB) because the causes are usually found there. If the problems cannot be fixed this way either, deactivate step by step the following options, at best in the indicated order:
• CachedMemory
• Read cache and write cache
• FastCopy
• DMA
• SharedMemory
If the problem does not occur any more after having deactivated a certain option, the previously deactivated options can be reactivated as a test.
7.4
IDE/ATA/SATA
7.4.1 Hard disk not recognized
If HDClone does not recognize a hard disk, there can be several reasons. Perhaps the controller which the disk is connected to has not been found (7.4.2 IDE controller not found). A further possible reason can be a non-standardly connected hard disk. This is for example the case
if a hard disk is configured as slave and if a CD/DVD drive or no drive at all is connected at the
same IDE channel as master. Normally, HDClone can handle that, too.
Note: If an SATA hard disk is not recognized, this can also be due to the used SATA controller
(3.3.2 SATA/SATA-II controllers).
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7.4 IDE/ATA/SATA
7.4.2 IDE controller not found
There are the following three reasons why HDClone has not automatically recognized an IDE
controller:
• The IDE controller/channel is deactivated, e.g. on an onboard IDE controller. Activate the IDE
controller/channel via the BIOS setup.
• Standard IDE controllers (ISA) are not taken into account if PCI IDE controllers are available.
Connect the respective hard disk to a PCI IDE controller in this case or deactivate the PCI IDE
controller or controllers.
• The used controller does not correspond to the PCI IDE standard. Although most controllers
support this standardized programming interface, there are some controllers which have only
a proprietary programming interface. More detailed information can be found in 3.3.1
IDE/ATA controllers. Connect the corresponding drives to another controller (PCI IDE controller).
7.4.3 Problems with DMA
The following principal problems can occur with (Ultra) DMA:
• The achieved speed is too slow despite DMA. Please consider that the achievable speed
(3.3.5 Speed) depends on many factors and that this is not absolutely due to a problem
with DMA.
• DMA mode is not available. When selecting the options (5.8.4 Options for source and tar-
get), the option DMA is deactivated and locked in this case.
• Read, write or verification errors occur when using DMA.
IIn all cases, the problems can be due to the same reasons. When having problems with DMA,
you can principally use PIO mode at any time. Deactivate the option DMA of the concerned
drive when selecting the options (5.8.4 Options for source and target). Since PIO mode is
usually much slower than DMA, we recommend to try first of all the following hints and help instructions to possibly be able to use the DMA mode. Please consider the notes in the
subchapter 7.4.4 BIOS settings as well
• Check if the concerned drive really supports DMA. Some older drives and especially older
CompactFlash media do not support DMA.
• Make sure that from Ultra DMA Mode 3 on an 80-wire data cable is used to connect the
drive(s).
• Please note that when two drives are connected via the same cable, the DMA mode of the
slower drive is also used for the faster drive. Remove the slower drive temporarily, if possible,
or connect the drives via separate channels or cables.
• Try both connections of the data cable (center connection and connection at the end) in
case of a single connected drive to eliminate possible problems with damping (center connection) and reflection (connection at the end).
62
7.4 IDE/ATA/SATA
• Switch the used UltraDMA mode to a lower value in the BIOS setup (7.4.4.1 Switch to a
lower/higher UltraDMA mode) or deactivate UltraDMA (7.4.4.2 Activate/deactivate UltraDMA). Multiword DMA mode will be (automatically) still available, which offers about a
twice to four times higher speed than PIO mode.
• On the other hand, you can also try to activate UltraDMA or to switch to a higher UltraDMA
mode if the corresponding default settings in your BIOS setup are too low.
Note: Our tests showed that some chipsets and hard disks do not collaborate optimally. This
can lead to the fact that the UltraDMA mode (putatively correctly) recognized and set in the
BIOS is too high.
7.4.4 BIOS settings
The following notes refer to settings which you should possibly make in the BIOS setup of your
computer if problems occur during the use of DMA. Since the settings offered by the BIOS
setup are manufacturer- and model-specific, these notes can only be given in a general form.
Consult your BIOS manual on how exactly to make these set-tings in your BIOS setup and
which settings are available. You normally find the DMA settings under Integrated Peripherals
or Chipset Setup in the BIOS setup.
Note: Please execute the automatic hard disk recognition in the BIOS after every modification of the DMA and hard disk settings so that the modifications for the corresponding drives
become effective. Make sure to save the modifications via Save and Exit when leaving the
BIOS setup.
7.4.4.1 Switch to a lower/higher UltraDMA mode
In many BIOS setups the (highest) used UltraDMA mode can be selected manually. If you have
problems with DMA, try to switch the used mode step by step to a lower level at the corres ponding IDE channel. Only if this does not solve the problem, deactivate UltraDMA com pletely. The controller then mostly (automatically) uses multi-word DMA, which is at least faster
than PIO. You can switch the UltraDMA mode step by step to a higher level of course, if you
think that you have not selected the best possible UltraDMA mode.
7.4.4.2 Activate/deactivate UltraDMA
Some BIOS setups do not offer a free selection of the UltraDMA mode but only an automatic
recognition or deactivation. If this is the case with your BIOS or if you have already switched to
the lowest UltraDMA mode and problems keep occurring, deactivate UltraDMA. Usually, multiword DMA is (automatically) available then, which is often faster than PIO. Only if this doesn’t
function either, you should completely switch off the DMA mode in HDClone (5.8.4 Options
for source and target). If UltraDMA is deactivated in your BIOS setup, you can activate it as a
test, of course, in order to attain a higher speed, if possible.
7.4.4.3 Deactivate IO caching
If there are problems in the PIO mode as well, you should deactivate IO caches and buffers. In
particular the setting Dataport Postwrite, if available, should be switched to Disable if there are
problems.
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7.4 IDE/ATA/SATA
7.4.4.4 Set BIOS defaults
If HDClone should not work as desired despite all the above mentioned instructions, you can
try to set standard values via the option Load BIOS/Setup Defaults. This set-ting tries to avoid
possible hardware conflicts.
7.5
SCSI
When using SCSI devices, please make sure that they are correctly configured and connected
to the SCSI controller. In particular SCSI controllers with SCSI BIOS must show a hard disk during
the system start, so that HDClone can then address this hard disk. Furthermore, HDClone must
support the controller you use. You find a list of the supported SCSI controllers in chapter
3.4.2 Compatibility.
Note: Even if an SCSI controller shows the desired drives during the system start, this is no
guarantee that they are correctly configured or connected. In principle, the BIOS of the SCSI
controller works on a lower level than the SCSI drivers used by HDClone and can thus possibly recognize hard disk drives which are not recognized by HDClone itself.
HDClone has been tested on a range of SCSI controllers. Sporadically encountered problems
are bypassed by the software as far as possible. The following subchapters contain useful hints
on how to solve further random or sporadic problems. These hints should be applied in the de scribed order to minimize the effort, if possible. The following problems occurred during the
tests and could be bypassed with the hints from the following subchapters:
• HDClone stops during the device recognition (5.6 Selecting the copying mode)
• no SCSI hard disks are recognized
• not all SCSI hard disks are recognized
7.5.1 Restart
If HDClone stops during the start procedure or does not show the desired SCSI drives, try a re start in form of a warm boot (reset button). Only if this does not fix the problem, you should try
a cold start (switch off the PC and leave it switched off for about 30 seconds). Both forms of
the restart can counter signal and status problems of SCSI controllers.
7.5.2 Deactivate unused controllers
If a restart does not lead to the desired result, you should, if your system disposes of several
SCSI controllers, deactivate unused controllers. This is also recommended if a controller is principally used, but the hard disks connected to it are not needed for using HDClone.
7.5.3 Deactivate unused drives
In some cases, SCSI hard disks, which are connected to the same controller, can interfere with
each other or even with the controller itself. Deactivate individual hard disks as a test or con nect them step by step after one another to find out which hard disk possibly causes an interference. Make sure that the last SCSI device is always terminated also during the tests.
64
7.5 SCSI
7.5.4 Minimum configuration of the controller
The configuration of the SCSI controller over its BIOS setup or the BIOS setup of the PC in case
of onboard controllers can also solve the problem. Set the lowest resp. the securest values for
the SCSI bus (e.g. transmission in the narrow mode of a wide controller).
7.5.5 Minimum configuration of the systems
Try to connect the SCSI hard disks used in the system in a different way, especially if you use
several SCSI controllers. Proceed as follows, if possible: deactivate all SCSI controllers except
one. This controller should have one SCSI channel only, if possible, and be part of the controllers listed in 3.4.3 Manufacturer information. Connect then the needed drive or drives only.
Apart from defective drives, this strategy mostly allowed us to find a functioning configuration
during our tests to execute the planned job.
7.6
USB
Despite the vast support of USB controllers and storage devices (3.5 USB), there are some
cases where these controllers and devices do not function as expected. The following
subchapters provide you with hints and solution possibilities.
Note: Please check first of all in chapter 1.4 Edition overview whether your HDClone edition supports USB. Otherwise, you need a higher edition of HDClone to use USB.
7.6.1 Storage device not recognized
Mostly, there are four possible reasons why a USB storage device supported by HDClone
(3.1 Overview) is not recognized:
• The USB storage device has been connected too late or exchanged afterwards. USB storage
devices should be connected to the computer before starting HDClone (5.1 Preliminary
steps).
• The USB storage device is not directly connected to the USB controller but via a hub (e.g. at
the monitor). Always connect the USB devices, you wish to use with HDClone, directly to the
USB controller or to the computer.
• The used device is no standard-conform USB mass storage device and does there-fore not
belong to the supported devices (3.5.1 Mass-Storage-Class).
• The USB storage device is defective or works faultily. You should then test its functionality by
using it with another PC or another operating system.
Note: If no USB storage device is recognized and if the above mentioned possibilities are ex cluded, the corresponding USB controller has probably not been recognized (7.6.3 Controller not found).
7.6.2 Other device problems
Some devices, especially USB sticks, can show malfunctions in case of temperature rise or continuous operation, i.e. in case of continuous reading or writing big amounts of data. With HD65
7.6 USB
Clone, these problems manifest in read or write errors on the respective USB storage device,
which do not always occur at the same location but after a certain operating time. Sometimes
these hardware problems also lead to very long breaks during the copying process, which can
be up to several minutes. When selecting the options (5.8.3 General options), try to deactivate the option FastCopy in this case. Only if the problem persists, activate additionally the option Cooling off break for the concerned device. Thus, the copying process takes a bit longer,
but in most of the cases the data transfer functions better.
Note: The described problems are mostly due to deficient hardware and also occur under
other operating systems. We recommend you to have the concerned device replaced by
your vendor.
7.6.3 Controller not found
HDClone should recognize all current USB controllers which offer one of the USB standard interfaces (3.5.2 UHCI, OHCI und EHCI). If HDClone recognizes USB devices on one PC but
not on another PC or on another controller, the USB controller can have one of the following
problems:
• The USB controller does not correspond to the UHCI, OHCI or EHCI standard. In this case,
use another compatible (3.5.2 UHCI, OHCI und EHCI) USB controller.
• The USB controller is deactivated, e.g. in case of an onboard USB controller. Activate the USB
controller via the BIOS setup.
• The USB controller does not function correctly or is defective. Use another USB controller or
another PC for the copying process.
7.6.4 Speed loss
USB controllers can have a negative effect on the speed of the whole system. This particularly
affects the copying speed of all device types (also IDE and SCSI), even if no USB storage
device is connected. Remove the corresponding USB controller if it is not needed during the
use of HDClone. Otherwise, there a no negative effects apart from the speed loss.
Note: In our tests, this problem showed up with only one USB controller (VIA VT6212) and
also persisted on other computers and operating systems with this controller. The measured
speed loss on the PCI bus was at about 40% (!).
7.6.5 Other controller problems
Another problem is an incompatibility with certain USB storage devices caused by the USB
controller. Especially older USB devices do not function flawlessly in such USB controllers. Use
another USB controller, if possible.
Note: In our tests, this problem showed up with only one USB controller (Acer ALi M5273)
and was also reproducible on other computers and operating systems.
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7.7 Mapped network drives
7.7
Mapped network drives
When using mapped drives in Windows Vista and Windows 7, HDClone cannot find the
mapped drives in some cases. The reason is, that HDClone is running in administrator mode. To
make the established mapped drives visible anyway, a small change to the Windows Registry is
required. HDClone Setup (4.2.1 HDClone Setup) will handle this automatically, if desired. But
you can also make the change manually, as described below:
• Open the registry editor (regedit.exe)
• Move to the following registry key in the tree structure
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System
• Create, if not existing, the DWORD value EnableLinkedConnections
• Set its value data to 1 and restart your computer.
Note: To undo the changes, simply delete the registry value.
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8 Miray Virtual Disk
Some editions of HDClone contain the software Miray Virtual Disk. This software can be used
to mount file images created with HDClone as Windows drives. This allows for directly accessing files and folders stored within a file image to be accessed directly without having to restor
the image to a disk before. Miray Virtual Disk may be started on demand or automatically at
system start-up time. This also allows for mounting file images either just on demand or persist ently.
Note: Miray Virtual Disk currently only allows to access file images in read-only mode.
8.1
Installation
Miray Virtual Disk is included in the Windows installation of HDClone (4.2.1 HDClone Setup).
During setup, you can choose whether to install Miray Virtual Disk (4.1.3 Miray Virtual Disk).
It will then be installed to a separate location in the Program Files directory.
8.2
Program startup
You can start Miray Virtual Disk from the Windows Startmenu, right in the HDClone folder. As
soon as you start it, the program window will pop up (fig. 39). Since Miray Virtual Disk will
mainly work in the background, the program icon will appear in the System Tray. You may
close the program window at any time. Miray Virtual Disk will remain active in the background.
You can n to the program window at any time using the program icon in the System Tray.
8.2.1 Program window
Using the program window of Miray Virtual Disk
(fig. 39), you can open file images and create virtual drives. The program widow consists of three major
elements, the menu bar, the image list (8.2.2 Image
list), and the control buttons at the bottom. You may
also control Miray Virtual Disk using the Context
Menu (right click on the image list) or keyboard shortcuts (hotkeys) (8.3 Operation).
fig. 39: Good-bye screen
You can use the control buttons to add an Image
([Add...], quod vide 8.3.1 Adding an image) to or to remove an Image ([Remove], quod vide
8.3.2 Removing an image) from the image list. Press [OK] to close the program window.
Miray Virtual Disk will though stay active in the background (8.2.3 Tray icon).
Note: Adding an image to the image list does not automatically create a new virtual drive. In
fact, the image list is intended to give you an overview of the partitions an image contains.
This allows you to mount them specifically in a second step (8.3.4 Mounting an image).
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8.2 Program startup
8.2.2 Image list
The image list serves to manage the images added before and offers an overview of the parti tions they may contain. Partitions are always displayed right below the image they belong to.
To make it easier to distinguish the kind of individual entries in the image list, there are different
symbols listed below:
File image
Image is not mounted
File image
Image could not be found
File image
Image is mounted
File image
Image is mounted permanently
SuperFloppy (no MBR)
Volume is not mounted
Partition
Partition is not mounted
SuperFloppy (no MBR)
Volume is mounted
Partition
Partition is mounted
SuperFloppy (no MBR)
Volume is mounted permanently
Partition
Partition is mounted permanently
Note: In addition to the symbols listed above, there is a column 'St' for status, where a mounted image or volume will be flagged with the capital 'M' and a permanently mounted image
or volume will be flagged with 'MP'.
8.2.3 Tray icon
You can see whether Miray Virtual Disk is active or
not from the program icon appearing in the System
Tray (Tray icon). You can open the program window
by double-clicking the Tray icon. Right-clicking the
Tray icon opens the context menu (fig. 40) which
gives you direct access to the following four functions:
fig. 40: Tray icon and context menu
• [Activate/Deactivate Autostart]: same functions as 8.3.7 Autostart
• [Add image]: same function as 8.3.1 Adding an image
• [Open program window]: opens the program window or brings it to the front
• [Quit Miray Virtual Disk]: same function as 8.3.9 Quit program
Hint: If you want to open the program window, double-click the Tray icon.
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8.2 Program startup
Note: If the Tray icon is not visible, Miray Virtual Disk is not active and there are no virtual
drives available.
8.3
Operation
You can operate Miray Virtual Disk using the menu bar on the top of the window, the control
buttons on the bottom of the window or the context menu (8.2.1 Program window). The
context menu opens when right-clicking on entries or the free area of the image list.
8.3.1 Adding an image
At first, you can add a file image to the image list of the program window. There are five ways
to achieve this:
• Control button [Add...]
• Menu bar [File] ▸ [Add image...]
• Context menu [Add image...] (right-click on the free area of the image list)
• Tray context menu [Add image...] (right-click on the Tray icon)
• Hotkey <F2>
The image list also displays information on the data areas (partitions) and file systems of each
file image in the list (fig. 39).
Note: Depending on the version of the program, you will be allowed to add one or more images. When you quit the program, Miray Virtual Disk will memorize these images for the next
program startup.
8.3.2 Removing an image
Select one or more file images you want to remove from the image list. There are four ways to
remove file images from the image list:
• Control button [Remove]
• Menu bar [File] ▸ [Remove image]
• Context menu [Remove image] (right-click on the desired image in the image list)
• Hotkey <Shift>+<F2>
Note: In case the image or images to be removed from the image list (or individual partitions
thereof) are still mounted as virtual drives, the file image cannot be removed. A corresponding message will appear.
8.3.3 Empty image list
You can also remove all images from the image list. There are three ways to achieve this:
• Menu bar [File] ▸ [Empty image list]
• Context menu [Empty image list] (right-click on the free area of the image list)
• Hotkey <Ctrl>+<Shift>+<F2>
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8.3 Operation
Note: When the file image or file images to be removed from the image list (or individual partitions thereof) are still mounted as virtual drives, the image list cannot be emptied. A corres ponding message will appear.
8.3.4 Mounting an image
You can mount previously added file images or individual data areas (partitions) thereof as
Windows drives. When mounting a file image, it will be made available as a Windows disk and
will behave just like a physical disk. When mounting an entire file image which contains several
partitions, you may obtain several drive letters, one for each partition containing a file system
Windows is able to access. When mounting an individual partition, you may obtain one drive
letter for this partition, if Windows supports the file system it contains.
There are three ways to mount an entire file image or an individual partition. Select one or
more images or partitions first:
• Menu bar [Action] ▸ [Mount]
• Context menu [Mount image] (right-click on the desired image or partition in the image list)
• Hotkey <F8>
As soon as an image or a partition has been mounted successfully, this will be displayed in the
image list as follows:
• the icon of the image or partition mounted will be displayed colored
• the capital 'M' is displayed in the column next to the icon
• the drive letter(s) assigned to the virtual drives will be displayed in the row of the mounted
image or partition
Note: The capital 'M' always appears in the row of the object which has actually been mounted. If you mount, for example, an entire image, containing two partitions, 'M' will appear in
the row of the image. In contrast, if you mount both partitions individually, the capital 'M' appears in both partition rows, but not in the row of the image.
8.3.5 Persistent mounting
You can decide to make mounted virtual drives persistent. Persistent in this case meaning that
the regarding images or individual partitions thereof will be mounted automatically with any
start of Miray Virtual Disk and will remain mounted as long as the program is active. In case this
feature is used in combination with the autostart option (8.3.7 Autostart), the regarding virtual drives will be available at any time while Windows is running.
If you want to mount images or partitions thereof permanently, there are three ways to
achieve this. Select one or more images or partitions first:
• Menu bar [Action] ▸ [Mount permanently]
• Context menu [Mount image permanently] (right-click on the desired image or partition in
the image list)
• Hotkey <Ctrl>+<F8>
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8.3 Operation
Persistent mounting can be applied to images or partitions already mounted as well as to images or partitions which are not yet mounted. As soon as an image or a partition has been suc cessfully mounted persistently, this will be displayed in the image list as follows:
• in the icon of the mounted image or partition appears a small red box with the capital 'P' (
)
• the capitals 'MP' are displayed in the column next to the icon
Note: To cancel persistent mounting, mount the regarding image or partition normally
(8.3.4 Mounting an image) or unmount it completely (8.3.6 Drive unmounting).
8.3.6 Drive unmounting
There are three ways mounted images and partitions and the regarding virtual drives can be
unmounted. Select one or more images or partitions first:
• Menu bar [Action] ▸ [Unmount]
• Context menu [Unmount image] / [Unmount volume] (right-click on the desired image or
partition in the image list)
• Hotkey <Shift>+<F8>
As soon as an image or an individual partition has been unmounted, the respective icon in the
image list will be displayed in gray and the capitals 'M' or 'MP' in the column next to the icon as
well as the related drive letters will disappear.
8.3.7 Autostart
You can select to start Miray Virtual Disk automatically at system startup (autostart). Especially
in case of persistently mounted drives, the benefit is to have them available at any time
without having to start Miray Virtual Disk manually.
There are two ways to switch the autostart function on or off:
• Menu bar [Action] ▸ [Activate autostart] / [Deactivate autostart]
• Tray context menu [Activate/deactivate autostart] (right-click on the Tray icon)
The available menu items indicate at any time whether the autostart function is currently active. If the menu item [Activate autostart] is displayed in gray (main menu) or not available
(tray context menu), the autostart function is not activated.
Note: If Miray Virtual Disk is started automatically at system startup, only the Tray icon
(8.2.3 Tray icon) in the System Tray will appear, not the program window. Double-click the
Tray icon to open the program window.
8.3.8 Close program window
You can close the program window of Miray Virtual Disk at any time. The application will
though stay active in the background. There are two ways to close the window:
• Menu bar [File] ▸ [Close window]
• Hotkey <Ctrl>+<W>
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8.3 Operation
8.3.9 Quit program
To quit Miray Virtual Disk completely, there are three ways:
• Menu bar [File] ▸ [Quit Miray Virtual Disk]
• Tray context menu [Quit Miray Virtual Disk] (right-click on the Tray icon)
• Hotkey <Ctrl>+<Q>
Note: When quitting Miray Virtual Disk, all active virtual drives will be unmounted, after a
corresponding dialog has been confirmed. They will be unavailable until next program startup.
8.4
Drive not visible
If there are no drive letters or less drive letters than partitions displayed after mounting an image, there may be several reasons:
• Windows drive recognition of one or more virtual drives has been delayed. In this case, they
have a drive letter assigned, but Miray Virtual Disk does not display it yet. Press the <F5> key
or select the menu item [Action] ▸ [Refresh view] from the main menu to update the drive
letters displayed. Afterwards, all drive letters assigned should be visible.
• One or more partitions contain file systems Windows is unable to use (e.g. Linux file systems).
In this case, the behavior is normal, since Windows is not able to use these file systems from
a physical disk either.
• There are no more Windows drive letters available. Windows recognizes the mounted parti-
tions, but cannot assign drive letters to them. In this case, free one or more of the drive letters currently in use.
• If there is a drive letter displayed, but the drive has no content or Windows prompts to
format that drive, the file system might be damaged. This may happen when the image was
created from an inconsistent file system.
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9 Miscellaneous
9.1
Terms of license
HDClone is designed to offer you the highest possible technical flexibility, and also the HD Clone license conditions are designed not to limit your flexibility when using HDClone. Since
you usually don’t know at the beginning on how many computers and how often you will use
the software, we offer you a very simple and cost-effective license model, which restricts you
the least possible.
9.1.1 License model
The following table shows you the minimum number of licenses necessary for the respective
area of use.
Edition
Private users
Companies/Institutions
Professionals
Free
sufficient
insufficient
insufficient
Basic
1 license
insufficient
Standard
1 license
1 license per location
insufficient
1)
insufficient
1 license per 5 PCs 2)
Professional
1 license per location 1)
1 license
1 license per dedicated PC 4)
1 license per 25 PCs 2)
Enterprise
1 license per technician 3)
1 license per location 1)
1 license
1 license per dedicated PC 4)
1 license per 100 PCs 2)
1)
License is taken into account for the respective other indicated criteria.
2)
Existing PC work stations, regardless of actual use of HDClone.
3)
Technicians are all employees who use HDClone simultaneously or for field service.
4)
PC which is exclusively used for HDClone, e.g. as copy server.
1 license per technician 3)
In practice, the use of HDClone can involve a different number of PCs according to the area of
use, despite a similar use. Either the program is permanently used on one single or several few
computers, which the media to be copied is connected to when needed. Or HDClone is always used directly on the respective computers, which the media to be copied is connected
to; mostly with only one usage per computer. To find a fair regulation for all use cases, you can
choose between a license per dedicated PC and a license for a lump number of work station
PCs where HDClone could be used. Furthermore, you need additional licenses if you use HDClone (potentially) in parallel on several PCs, e.g. if several service employees use HDClone in dependently from each other. That is why you need at least one license per branch office because this also represents a (potentially) parallel use.
74
9.1 Terms of license
9.1.2 Examples
The following examples refer to frequently occurring license situations.
• A company with 50 PC work stations needs two licenses of the Professional Edition, whereof
each covers 25 PC work stations.
• A company with 100 PC work stations needs four licenses of the Professional Edition, one for
25 PCs each.
• A service provider with two PCs that serve as HDClone copy station needs two licenses of
the Professional Edition, one for each copy station.
• A service provider with two field service employees who use HDClone needs two licenses of
the Professional Edition, one for each independently working technician.
9.1.3 Scope
A license is unlimited concerning the number of usages and the period of validity. It can be
used as often as desired and without a time limit. However, the license is limited with regard to
the (also potentially) parallel use on several computers and the size of the company or the institution concerning the number of existing PC work stations.
9.1.4 Consultancy
If you have questions concerning the license situation in your specific case, please contact us
at [email protected] Miray Software gladly consults you on multiple licenses or more complex cases and offers you, according to the individual case, attractive discounts. We are
pleased to make you an individual offer.
9.2
Certificate of authenticity
The following notes exclusively refer to the boxed versions of HDClone, that means not to the
versions available as download or via email.
9.2.1 Security hologram
For the protection against bootleg copies, our software is equipped with a security hologram,
among others. Each of the original data carriers you received bears a security hologram. Please
keep the data carriers with the security hologram in any case because this is your license
proof.
9.2.2 Valid product license
The condition to have a valid product license is that the number printed on the security hologram corresponds to the number shown within the program. If this should not be the case for
your software package, please email us at [email protected] Please indicate the number displayed by the program, the number on the security hologram and where you acquired the
software package. If there is no security hologram on the data carriers or if the security hologram is damaged, please contact us as well and indicate the above mentioned data. We will
try to find a simple solution so that you obtain a valid license.
75
9.2 Certificate of authenticity
Note: Make sure that each data carrier you received bears its own security hologram with its
own registration number and that this number has to correspond to the number of the program which has been started from this data carrier. That means if you start the program from
a floppy disk, the displayed number has to correspond to the number of the security hologram on the floppy disk and not to the number of the security hologram on the CD.
9.3
Disclaimer
Parts of this product are based on works licensed under the GNU General Public License (GPL).
The appropriate license is to be found at http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html. On request to
[email protected] we will send you a copy of the source code.
Although HDClone was programmed with the largest possible caution and was tested on a
large scale of different systems, we hope you understand that we cannot assume any liability
for the proper functionality of the program and that we are not liable for damages resulting
from its usage, subject to gross negligence and intention.
9.4
Feedback
We are highly interested in your feedback. If you encounter any program errors or if you have
any improvement ideas, we will always try to fix the errors and implement or integrate your
ideas. If you only want to tell us your opinions on this software, we are looking forward to re ceive such information from you.
Internet
http://www.miray.de/
E-Mail
[email protected]
Fax
+49 (0)89 72013-647
Postanschrift
Miray Software AG
Gaissacher Str. 18
81371 Munich
Germany
9.5
Support
If you encounter any problems with one of our products, our support team is gladly at your disposal. Please send us your inquiry through our homepage at http://www.miray.de/support/ or
email us at [email protected] Please note that inquiries sent directly per email and not over
our homepage take a bit longer to be answered due to the system.
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