User Manual - Protection & Control Group

User Manual - Protection & Control Group
CableTroll 2410
PN: 01-2410- 02/03
User Manual
UG CT 2410-RMU February 2010
This document describes the installation and configuration of the
RMU Fault Indicator Product no: 01-2410- 02/03
Rev. 0.1 (21.01.09) / TV Draft
Rev. 0.2 (05.02.10) / RM Draft
Rev. 1.0 (16.02.10) / TV
Information in this document is subject to change without notice.
No parts of this documentation may be reproduced in any form by any means without the written permission of Nortroll
AS.
Copyright  2006 Nortroll AS. All rights reserved. All Nortroll products are trademarks or registered trademarks of
Nortroll AS. Other product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders.
 2006 NORTROLL AS
P.O.Box 133
7601 Levanger
Norway
www.nortroll.no
Side 2 av 12
0. Contents
0. CONTENTS ......................................................................................................................... 3
1. INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................. 4
1.1 DEFINITIONS .........................................................................................................................4
1.2 TYPICAL FAULT SITUATION.......................................................................................................4
2. FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION ............................................................................................... 5
2.1 OPERATIONAL SEQUENCE – EARTH FAULT (PTG).........................................................................5
2.2 FAULT CURRENTS IN CABLE NETWORK ........................................................................................6
3. USER INTERFACE............................................................................................................... 7
TEST/RESET..............................................................................................................................7
3.1 TEST ...................................................................................................................................8
3.2 RESET ................................................................................................................................8
3.3 LOW BATTERY INDICATION...............................................................................................8
3.4 RESETTING OF BATTERY COUNTER ...................................................................................8
3.5 TEST/RESET FROM SCADA-RTU.........................................................................................8
4. SETTINGS/PROGRAMMING ............................................................................................... 9
5. MOUNTING OF EARTH FAULT SENSOR (EFS).................................................................... 10
6. CONNECTIONS................................................................................................................. 11
7. CALIBRATION................................................................................................................... 11
8. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS ............................................................................................ 12
Side 3 av 12
1. Introduction
The CableTroll 2410 RMU Fault Indicator is a fault current indicator for medium voltage cable
networks. It detects PtG faults (Earth Fault)
A complete indicator consists of split core Earth Fault Sensor (EFS) for mounting on single- and multi –
core cables, the main unit with local LED-indication on front panel, output for outdoor indication as
well as relay contacts for connection to SCADA-RTU’s.
It is designed according to the DIN 43700 / IEC 61554 and fits into the rectangular cut out on the
front panel on SF6 insulated Ring Main Units and Compact Switchgear; SafeRing and SafePlus.
The unit is SW-controlled with a field upgradeable microcontroller, hence very flexible for customised
functionality.
The indicator is available in two different versions; low and high range for PtG-fault levels.
Each has four fixed levels (user-programmable by micro-switches) in addition to adjustable levels
within a certain range.
The relay for remote indication has both Normally Open (NO) and Normally Closed (NC) contacts and
are available for connection to a SCADA-RTU.
1.1 Definitions
As the terminology may
this document:
EFS:
PtE or PtG:
RMU:
differ from country to country we will use the following definitions throughout
- Earth Fault Sensor, split core surrounding all three phases
- Phase-to-Earth or Phase-to-Ground Faults = Earth Faults
- Ring Main Units
1.2 Typical Fault Situation
In an open ring network or a radial network all indicators between the feeding transformer and the fault
will start indicating the passage of the fault current from a PtG.
22kV/220V
22kV/220V
SLEEPING INDICATORS
FLASHING INDICATORS
132kV/22kV
22kV/220V
Figure 1. Fault Passage Indication in open ring network.
Side 4 av 12
2. Functional description
2.1 Operational sequence – Earth Fault (PtG)
When a fault occurs; exceeding the threshold for PtG, the indicator starts with the flashing red LED on
the front panel and the external indication (LED-2), if connected.
The relay contact will operate (change status); NO-contact will close and NC-contact opens.
The indication and the relay status will continue until it resets automatically due a preset time from
the internal timer or by pushing the manual Reset button on the front of the indicator.
PtG Relay-contact
Diagram 1: Permanent PtG-faults
Side 5 av 12
2.2 Fault currents in cable network
In networks with directly earthed neutral an earth fault is almost equivalent to a short circuit fault.
For networks that do not have a directly earthed neutral, the magnitude of the singular earth fault
current is determined by the size of the galvanically interconnected network, the voltage level, type of
cable and the neutral equipment.
IMPORTANT:
As the sensor principle is of the threshold type, correct use of the indicator is subject to calculations of
earth fault currents and capacitive discharge currents through the EF-Sensor (seen from the feeder).
The capacitive discharge current downstream the location of the indicator must not exceed the trip
level setting of the indicator.
The capacitive discharge current will vary between the different types of cable, and the cable supplier
should be consulted about the data for your specific type in order to make the correct calculations.
In compensated networks, earth fault detection may not be possible in certain locations depending on
the degree of compensation.
CAPACITIVE DISCHARGE CURRENTS
The CT-2410 Fault Indicator is not directional, it therefore detects current without discriminating its
direction. In case of an earth fault, the network capacitive energy discharges in the fault point. It
should be checked that the capacitive discharge current downstream of the indicator is below the
preset trip level in order to avoid the indicator erroneously activating upon earth faults. If the total
capacitive current exceeds the trip level, it is advisable to change the trip level or install the indicators
in the branching points instead of in the main line. The capacitive discharge of a branching point is
limited by its own capacitance, while in the main line the capacitive current of all the branches
downstream of the indicator are added. Underground cables have larger capacitance than overhead
lines. This has to be taken into account when an overhead line feeds an underground cable and vice
versa.
The following simplified formula may be used to estimate the capacitive discharge current of a line
and or cable:
IC = Capacitive current in [A]
U = Nominal voltage in [kV]
La = Overhead line length in [km]
Lc = Cable length in [km]
K = 10; for oil impregnated cables
5; for PEX cables
3; for PVC cables
I
Basic rules for setting the trip level T is:
1. To avoid incorrect detection because of capacitive current from the network down-stream of
the indicator:
IC < IT : where IC = capacitive current down-streams of the indicator.
2. To ensure correct detection the following has to be met:
IT < IPTG - IC
where IPTG = the networks total Earth Fault current.
These two rules can be summarised as follows:
IC <
IT < IPTG - IC
Side 6 av 12
3. User Interface
Front panel with LED’s for indication and Test/reset button:
FAULT LED (Red)
TEST/RESET
“Low Battery” warning:
Yellow LED
<20% of capacity left
Space for lable to
indicate settings or
location
TEST/RESET
This is a multifunction pushbutton, depending on the status of the indicator and the duration that
the button is pressed:
Duration of
pressing
0,6s]
[0,6 – 3s]
[ 3s Operation
Battery status
RESET
indication
TEST
Simulate a fault
Battery status:
Acc.flashing hours
(Yellow LED)
Flash: Low battery
(>1500 h)
No flash: OK
Fault LED
& Ext LED
Fault Relay
operation
Indicate the
SW.rev
Flash to
indicate a
fault (until
reset)
Resets back to
normal state
Fault state
NO-contact closes or
NC-contact opens
(until reset)
Side 7 av 12
3.1 TEST
Press TEST/RESET button >3 sec:
Red LED starts flashing (=Fault
indication) and SCADA-relay operates
Until reset by manual push button or
timer.
close and the Fault LED flash for 1s.
100ms
later, the same operation on the Low
Battery
relay and the Low Battery LED.
3.2 RESET
Press TEST/RESET for [0,6 - 3 sec]:
The indicator will reset; flashing LED and SCADA-relay returns to normal state.
3.3 LOW BATTERY INDICATION
Press TEST/RESET button less than 0,6 sec:
The yellow LED will indicate the status of the battery;
Flashing: Low battery > 1500 flashing hours exceeded
< 20% of total battery capacity left
No flashing: Battery OK, accumulated flashing hours < 1500 hours.
3.4 RESETTING OF BATTERY COUNTER
When replacing the battery, the battery counter has to be reset.
Set SW1[8] in ON position and RESET; press for [0,6 – 3sec]
The Yellow LED will illuminate until the SW1[8] is switched back to OFF position,
and a RESET executed.
3.5 TEST/RESET FROM SCADA-RTU
Terminals 8 and 9, are connected in parallel with the TEST/RESET-button.
If these terminals are connected to a poetentialfree signal contact from a SCADA-RTU,
all the above operation can be conducted from the SCADA-system by using different closing
time; same as the “press-time” for the TEST/RESET-button.
Side 8 av 12
4. Settings/Programming
The programming switches are accessible behind the front panel.
Potmeter (adj.trip.level)
Test/Reset button
Switch bank
Product number: 01-2410 -02
Low range
Dip #
1 2 3 4
Trip Level (Fixed)
0 0 1 0
: 50A
1 0 1 0
0 1 1 0
: 80A
: 110A
1 1 1 0
5 6
0 0
: 140A
Timer Reset
: 1 Hour
Dip #
Dip #
Dip#
1 0
: 2 Hours
0 1
1 1
7
: 4 Hours
: OFF
Signal Duration
0
1
: 40ms
: 100ms
8
Batt.count Reset
0
1
: Normal operation
: Reset
Product number 01-2410-03
High range
Dip #
1 2 3 4
Trip Level (Fixed)
0 0 1 0
: 90 A
1 0 1 0
0 1 1 0
: 150A
: 230A
1 1 1 0
5 6
0 0
: 330A
Timer Reset
: 1 Hour
Dip #
Dip #
Dip #
1 0
: 2 Hours
0 1
1 1
7
: 4 Hours
: OFF
Signal Duration
0
1
: 40ms
: 100ms
8
Batt.count Reset
0
1
: Normal operation
: Reset
Dip #
PtG trip level
1 2 3 4
Trip Level (Adjustable)
0 0 0 1
: 6 - 50 A
1 0 0 1
0 1 0 1
: 9 – 80 A
: 12 - 110 A
1 1 0 1
: 15 – 130 A
Adjust the pot.
meter (see above
and
Ch.7 Calibration
Reset automatically Fault indication and
relay for SCADA-RTU connection
Minimum fault duration – Filter for reliable fault detection. The actual delay is a
function of the fault current. When Ifault >> Trip.level delay ̴ 40 / 100ms
See § 3.4 Resetting of battery counter
Dip #
PtG trip level
1 2 3 4
Trip Level (Adjustable)
0 0 0 1
: 10 - 85 A
1 0 0 1
0 1 0 1
: 15 - 145 A
: 20 - 210 A
1 1 0 1
: 25 - 330 A
Adjust the pot.
meter (see above
and
Ch.7 Calibration
Reset automatically Fault indication and
relay for SCADA-RTU connection
Minimum fault duration – Filter for reliable fault detection. The actual delay is a
function of the fault current. When Ifault >> Trip.level delay ̴ 40 / 100ms
See § 3.4 Resetting of battery counter
NOTE: A RESET is necessary after change of switch-settings
in order to initialise the new settings.
Side 9 av 12
5. Mounting of Earth Fault Sensor (EFS)
Multi-core cable:
The sensor is mounted on the screened part of
the cable, below the strip-back point,
according to the mounting instructions.
The screen is turned back underneath the
flexible core and terminated at the earth point.
Single-core cable:
An extension iron (see ordering information)
will be necessary.
The sensor is to be fastened to one of the
phase cables, with the flexible core
surrounding all three phases.
The sensor should be mounted on the
screened part of the cable.
The screen of all three conductors should be
turned back underneath the flexible-core and
then terminated to earth
Side 10 av 12
6. Connections
*) Note:
Term
#
I/O
1
Input
Earth Fault Sensor
2
Input
Earth Fault Sensor
3
Output
Relay Common
4
Output
Relay Fault (NO)
5
Output
Relay Fault (NC)
6
Output
External indication (LED-2: Black wire)
7
Output
External Indication (LED-2: Red wire)
8
Input
Reset from SCADA-RTU (-) :
9
Input
Reset from SCADA- RTU (+):
Description
Pot free
NO *)
Reset from SCADA-RTU must be a potential-free closing contact.
No voltage must be applied to this input.
7. Calibration
For accurate trip level when using the
adjustable ranges, a current generator should
be used to inject current through the split-core
(iron-band) and simulate an earth fault
current.
1. Inject a current corresponding to the
required trip level.
2. Adjust the pot.meter until indication
If the current generator is not capable to
provide the required current, several turns will
increase the simulated current by a factor of
the number of turns.
Example: 3 turns of 50A, equals an Earth
fault current of 150A.
Side 11 av 12
8. Technical specifications
Application:
Integration in Ring main Units (DIN 43 700 / IEC 61554)
Fault detection principle: 50Hz steady state current detection
Phase-to-Earth fault:
Prod. #
01-2410-02
01-2410-02
01-2410-03
01-2410-03
Verification time:
Fixed
Variable
Fixed
Variable
Product
50, 80, 110 or 140A
6 - 130A
90, 150, 215 or 290A
10 -330A
40 or 100msec *) (Shorter verification time available on request)
*) Minimum verification time, reduces asymptotic towards
40 (or 100) ms when fault current >> trip level.
Local/Internal: 2 LED’s:
Fault (PtG) indication: Red LED, f= 0,5Hz
Low battery
Yellow LED f= 1/15Hz
(in indication mode f=0,5Hz)
External: Output for ext. LED-2 (outdoor indication)
Indication:
Remote: 1 NO or NC relay for connection to SCADA-RTU
Reset:
Timer reset:
Manual:
Remote:
1,2, 4 hours or OFF
Push button on front panel
Closing contact from SCADA-RTU
Power Supply:
Battery: Lithium
Current consumption:
Idle:
Indication:
3,6V – 3,8Ah
Lifetime battery:
Housing:
3uA,
200 uA
300 uA with LED-2 connected
> 2000h flashing hours/10 year idle
Low batt. warning after 1500 flashing hours
DIN 43 700 / IEC 61554 (96x48x86mm)
Polycarbonate, UV resistant
Protection Degree (IP): Main Unit front panel:
Protection Degree (IP): External indicator:
IP 54
IP 65
Ordering information:
Prod. #
01-2410-02
01-2410-03
2103
2240
07-1057-00
Product
CT2410 with CT & lithium battery, Range: (6) 50 -140A
CT2410 with CT & lithium battery, Range: (10) 90 -330A
Extension iron band for CT, to be used on single core cables
LED-2, external indication LED
Replacement battery (KBB-15) 3.6V, 3,8Ah Lithium
Side 12 av 12
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