Manual here
PHD 2000 Syringe
Pump Series
User's Manual
PHD 2000 Infusion
PHD 2000 Infusion/Withdraw
PHD 2000 Programmable
PHD 2000 VHP
70-2000
70-2001
70-2002
70-2023
Table of Contents
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
1
SUBJECT
PAGE
1. Warranty and Repair Information ..................4
Manual Description ............................................4
Warranty ............................................................4
Repair Facilities and Parts ................................4
Serial Numbers ..................................................4
Calibrations ........................................................4
General Safety Summary ..................................5
2. Specifications and Ordering Information....6-7
3. Theory of Operation ........................................8
4. Features ............................................................9
Pressure and Speed ..........................................9
Built-in Syringe Table and Custom Syringes......9
Infusion and Refill Rates ....................................9
Target Volume ....................................................9
Auto Fill (Programmable Mode Only) ................9
Modes of Operation............................................9
External Connections ......................................10
Nonvolatile Memory ........................................10
Stall Detection ..................................................10
Visual / Audible Alarm ......................................10
Power-Up Options (Pump Mode Only) ............10
Program Storage (Programmable Mode Only) 10
5. User Interface..................................................11
Description of Keys ..........................................12
Entering Data ..................................................13
Special Features Access Table ........................13
Table of Contents
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
2
SUBJECT
PAGE
6. Initial Setup ....................................................14
7. Operation....................................................15-20
Syringe Loading ..............................................15
Running the Pump ..........................................18
Diameter ..........................................................18
Infuse Rate ......................................................18
Refill Rate ........................................................19
Target Volume ..................................................19
Auto Fill ............................................................19
Selecting the Run Mode ..................................20
Pump Mode......................................................20
Volume Mode ..................................................20
8. Program Mode ..........................................21-24
Program Description ........................................21
Entering a Program ..........................................21
Sequence Operation ........................................21
Program Printout ..............................................24
Program Run Time Error Messages ................24
9. External Control and Interfaces ..............25-26
RS-232 Devices ..............................................25
Configuring Pump for RS-232 Devices ............25
Pump Chain ....................................................25
Scale ................................................................26
Printer ..............................................................26
TTL Devices ....................................................26
Foot Switch or Relay........................................26
Timer ................................................................26
Pumping Direction............................................26
Valve Control ....................................................26
Table of Contents
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
3
SUBJECT
PAGE
10. Programming Tutorial ....................................27
Multiple Infusion Example ................................27
Ramping Up Infusion Rate Example................28
Multiple Dispensing Example ..........................29
Periodic Dispense Loop Example ....................30
Comb. of Infusion and Withdraw Profiles Ex. ..31
Use of Events ..................................................32
11. Pump Chain Commands ..........................34-45
Model 22 Protocol ............................................35
Model 44 Protocol ............................................37
A Table of Syringe Diameters ......................46
APPENDICES
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
PAGE
Stainless Steel Syringes ..........................47
Nominal Min./Max. Flow Rates ................48
PHD 2000 to PC Connection ....................49
TTL Connector Specifications ..................49
RS-232 Specifications ..............................50
Maintenance and Troubleshooting............51
Accessories and Spare Parts ..................52
Kits and Upgrades ....................................53
Custom Applications ................................54
Symphony ................................................54
Warranty and Repair Information
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
4
CAUTION: Verify operating voltage selection before
plugging in the PHD2000 Pump. Refer to Section 6,
Initial Setup.
Manual Description
This manual is designed to provide all operational and program information required
to operate and maintain all three models of the PHD 2000 series pumps. The three
models are: Infusion, Infuse/Withdraw and Programmable.The functions and features
of these models are described in the Technical Specifications section.
Warranty
Harvard Apparatus warranties this instrument for a period of one year from date of
purchase.At its option, Harvard Apparatus will repair or replace the unit if it is found
to be defective as to workmanship or material.This warranty does not extend to damage resulting from misuse, neglect or abuse, normal wear and tear, or accident. This
warranty extends only to the original customer purchaser.
IN NO EVENT SHALL HARVARD APPARATUS BE LIABLE FOR INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES. Some states do not allow exclusion or limitation of
incidental or consequential damages so the above limitation or exclusion may not
apply to you. THERE ARE NO IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR USE, OR OF ANY OTHER NATURE. Some states
do not allow this limitation on an implied warranty, so the above limitation may not
apply to you.
If a defect arises within the one-year warranty period, promptly contact Harvard
Apparatus, Inc. 84 October Hill Road, Building 7, Holliston, Massachusetts
01746 using our toll free number 1-800-272-2775. Goods will not be accepted for
return unless an RMA (returned materials authorization) number has been issued by
our customer service department.The customer is responsible for shipping charges.
Please allow a reasonable period of time for completion of repairs, replacement and
return. If the unit is replaced, the replacement unit is covered only for the remainder
of the original warranty period dating from the purchase of the original device.
This warranty gives you specific rights, and you may also have other rights which vary
from state to state.
Repair Facilities and Parts
Harvard Apparatus stocks replacement and repair parts. When ordering, please
describe parts as completely as possible, preferably using our part numbers. If practical, enclose a sample or drawing.We offer a complete reconditioning service.
Serial Numbers
All inquires concerning our product should refer to the serial number of the unit.
Serial numbers are located on the rear of the chassis.
Calibrations
All electrical apparatus is calibrated at rated voltage and frequency.
CAUTION: Not for clinical use on human patients.
Warranty and Repair Information
5
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
GENERAL SAFETY SUMMARY
Please read the following safety precautions to ensure proper use of your syringe
pump. To avoid potential hazards and product damage, use this product only as
instructed in this manual.
To Prevent Hazard or Injury:
Use Proper Line Cord
Use only the specified line cord for this product and make sure line cord is certified
for country of use.
Ground the Product
This product is grounded through the grounding conductor of the power cord. To
avoid electric shock, the grounding conductor must be connected to earth ground.
Before making any connections to the input or output terminals of the product, ensure
that the product is properly grounded.
Make Proper Connections
Make sure all connections are made properly and securely.
Observe all Terminal Ratings
Review the operating manual to learn the ratings on all connections.
Use Proper Fuse
Use only specified fuses with product.
Avoid Exposed Circuitry
Do not touch any electronic circuitry inside of the product.
Do Not Operate with Suspected Failures
If damage is suspected on or to the product do not operate the product. Contact qualified service personnel to perform inspection.
Place Product in Proper Environment
Review the operating manual for guidelines for proper operating environments.
Observe all Warning Labels on Product
Read all labels on product to ensure proper usage.
CAUTION
Refer to Manual
Protective
Ground
Terminal
Specifications
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
6
Specifications
Accuracy
Reproducibility
Syringes (Min./Max.)
Flow Rate:
Minimum
Maximum
Calibration
Display
Non-Volatile Memory
RS-232 Interface
RS-232 Connectors
TTL Connectors
Linear Force (Max)
Standard
High Force
Drive Motor
Motor Drive Control
Motor Step per one
Rev. of Lead Screw
Step Rate:
Minimum
Maximum
PHD 2000 SYRINGE
PUMP SERIES
± 1%
± 0.1%
.5 µ l / 140 ml
PHD 2000 VHP REMOTE
SYRINGE PUMP SERIES
± 1%
± 0.1%
Holds 20 to 200 ml
stainless steel syringes
.0001 µ l/hr
(with 0.5 µ l Syringe)
220.82 ml/min
(with 140 ml Syringe)
Automatic
2 line, 40 char. fluorescent
Stores all settings
Multiplexed dual
bidirectional ports
RJ11-4 cond. phone plug
9 pin D-Sub. connector
1.5 µ l/hr
112 ml/min
Automatic
2 line, 40 char. fluorescent
Stores all settings
Multiplexed dual
bidirectional ports
RJ11-4 cond. phone plug
9 pin D-Sub. connector
23 kg (50 lbs)
196 kg (433 lbs)
30 kg (66 lbs)
N/A
1.8° Stepper Motor
1.8° Stepper Motor geared
Microprocessor
Microprocessor
from 1/2 to 1/32 microsteppingfrom 1/2 to 1/32 microstepping
From 800 to 12,800
From 8,000 to 128,000
27.3 sec/step
416.7 µ sec/step
Pusher Travel Rate
Minimum
Maximum
Power
0.18 µ m/min
190.676 mm/min
115/230 VAC:
50-60 Hz
External voltage selection
65 W, 0.5 A fuse
Voltage Range
95-130 VAC, 220-260 VAC
Dimensions, HxWxD 15.9 x 22.8 x 27.9cm
(6.3 x 9 x 11in)
Syringe Holder, HxWxD N/A
Remote Cable Length N/A
Weight
4.5 kg (10 lb)
27.3 sec/step
416.7 µ sec/step
0.09 µ m/min
71.210 mm/min
115/230 VAC:
50-60 Hz
External voltage selection
65 W, 0.5 A fuse
95-130 VAC, 220-260 VAC
9.5 x 27.9 x 22.9 cm
(3.75 x 11 x 9 in)
22.9 x 43.2 x 30.5 cm
(9 x 17 x 12 in)
152 cm (60 in) approx.
Ordering Information
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
7
Harvard PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series
Pump Versions
Standard (29 lbs Force)
Regular
Remote
High Power (58 lbs Force)
Regular
Remote
PHD 2000 Infusion Only
70-2000
70-2100
71-2000
71-2100
PHD 2000 Infuse/Withdraw
70-2001
70-2101
71-2001
71-2101
PHD 2000 Programmable
Infuse/Withdraw
70-2002
70-2102
71-2002
71-2102
PHD 2000 Infusion Only
with 6/10 Multirack
70-2003
70-2103
71-2003
71-2103
PHD 2000 Infusion Only
with 4 x 140 Multirack
70-2004
70-2104
71-2004
71-2104
PHD 2000 Infusion Only
with Microliter Rack
70-2005
70-2105
71-2005
71-2105
PHD 2000 Infuse/Withdraw
with 6/10 Multirack
70-2006
70-2106
71-2006
71-2106
PHD 2000 Infuse/Withdraw
w/ 4 x 140 Multirack
70-2007
70-2107
71-2007
71-2107
PHD 2000 Infuse/Withdraw
with Microliter Rack
70-2008
70-2108
71-2008
71-2108
PHD 2000 Programmable
with 6/10 Multirack
70-2009
70-2109
71-2009
71-2109
PHD 2000 Programmable
with 4 x 140 Multirack
70-2010
70-2110
71-2010
71-2110
PHD 2000 Programmable
with Microliter Rack
70-2011
70-2111
71-2011
71-2111
Harvard PHD 2000 Push/Pull Syringe Pump Series
Standard (29 lbs Force)
Pump Versions
Regular
PHD 2000 Infusion/Withdraw
70-2020
PHD 2000 Programmable Infuse/Withdraw
70-2019
Harvard PHD 2000 HVP (High Volume and Pressure)
Standard (over 400 lbs Force)
Pump Versions
Regular
PHD 2000 HVP (High Volume and Pressure) 70-2023
Theory of Operation
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
8
All three models in the PHD 2000 series employ a microcontroller which controls a
small step angle stepping motor that drives a lead screw and Pusher Block. Micro-stepping techniques are employed to further reduce the step angle, eliminating flow pulsation. A keypad is used for entry of operating data to the pump. Data can also be
entered via an RS-232 connector located on the rear panel.The microcontroller, using
the internal Syringe Look Up Table, calculates the cross-sectional area of the syringe
selected and calibrates the flow rate and volume accumulation.The numerous features
of the PHD 2000 series result from the use of microprocessor technology.
The PHD 2000 Infuse/Withdraw model is equipped with all the functions of the PHD
2000 Infusion model along with additional features to provide the Withdraw (Refill)
function.The PHD 2000 Infuse/Withdraw model’s additional features include two additional function keys on the keypad, REFILL RATE key and the INFUSE/REFILL key and
the addition of syringe Retaining Brackets and Adjustable Stops for refill. Use of the
REFILL RATE key, the INFUSE/REFILL key, Retaining Brackets and Adjustable Stops are
all described in detail in section 7 of this manual.
The PHD 2000 Programmable model is equipped with all the functions of the PHD
2000 Infuse/Withdraw model along with additional features to provide Programmable
functions.The PHD 2000 Programmable models additional features include two additional function keys on the keypad, the PROGRAM key and the AUTO FILL key. Use of
the PROGRAM key and the AUTO FILL key are described in detail in section 7 of this
manual.
Features
9
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
Pressure and Speed
PHD 2000 can deliver up to 220.82 ml/minute with a single 140 ml syringe. Maximum
pressure is dependent on syringe size. For example a Becton-Dickinson ‘Plasticpak’
50/60cc syringe run at 5ml/minute delivers an average maximum pressure of 1.8kg
per cm2 (25psi).
Built-In Syringe Table and Custom Syringes
If a non-standard syringe is to be used, enter the inside diameter of the syringe in millimeters. If a standard syringe is to be used, use the pump’s built-in syringe table.
Syringes are arranged according to manufacturer and material, and then according to
size. The pump will look up and use the diameter for the syringe you select. (See
Appendix A for a listing of the standard syringes).
Infusion and Refill Rates
Specify independent rates for infusing and refilling. This allows a slow infusion rate
then a fast refill. If Refill Rate is not set, the software defaults to the set Infuse Rate
value.
Target Volume
Specify the volume that is to be infused or refilled.The pump will run at the rate specified until this volume has been delivered when in the Volume mode.
Auto Fill (Programmable Model Only)
Auto Fill automatically activates an externally attached solenoid (Refer to Appendix H
for part number) and refills the syringe when it is empty.This permits infusions to be
virtually independent of syringe capacity.
Modes of Operation
Pump
Runs continuously, in the infuse or refill directions, until stopped. Refill not applicable
to the Infusion model.
Volume
Runs until a specified volume has been pumped or refilled. Refill not applicable to the
Infusion model.
Program
Pump operates according to a specified sequence of instructions. Programmable
model only. (Note:All modes interact with Auto Fill feature, but it is only available on
the Programmable model)
Features
10
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
External Connections
TTL
Allows pump operations to be synchronized with external devices or by a person at a
distance from the pump. Direction of pump travel can be set via a TTL pin.Also, a TTL
pin is used to control an external valve for refilling. Additional TTL pins are available
for general use. (See Section 9 and Appendix E).
RS-232
Multiple pumps can be ‘daisy chained’ together and remotely controlled from a computer or any device communicating via RS-232.A scale can be connected, enabling the
pump to infuse by weight instead of by volume. (Section 9). A printer can be connected to record final volumes or weights whenever the pump stops. In addition the
program entered for the program mode can be listed on a connected printer. Both a
scale and a printer may be connected simultaneously. (See Section 9).
Nonvolatile Memory
All operational data entered into the pump from the keypad or from a computer will
be stored, including the program. On power up, the display will blink until the pump
receives its first command and all settings from when it was powered down will be
recalled.
Stall Detection
An optical detector is used to verify expected movement of the motor. If the motor is
prevented from turning due to jamming or excessive back pressure, the pump will
stop and the display will read: PUMP STALLED.
Visual/Audible Alarm
After a power interruption the alarm can be selected to be a silent flashing display or
an audible signal in addition to flashing display.
Power-Up Options (Pump Mode only)
Enables the user to select between a standby mode (waiting for a command to begin
running) after power is interrupted or a restart mode that begins running the pump
at the settings that were in process when the power was interrupted.
Program Storage (Programmable model only)
Programmable model can store up to 4 sets of 9 program sequences for later selection.
User Interface
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
11
Figure 1. Infusion Model Keypad.
Figure 2. Infuse/Withdraw Model Keypad.
Figure 3. Programmable Model Keypad.
The user interface consists of a keypad with a display area The display consists of a 2
line, 40 character alphanumeric vacuum fluorescent display.The display will show one
of three types of messages: Default display, setting display, or an informational message.
The top line of the display is divided into three sections.The first consists of the delivered volume, or time interval remaining in an operation, expressed with 5 digits plus
a decimal point. Next is the units of the previous number expressed as ‘ml’ for milliliters,‘g’ for grams, if a scale is attached, or ‘time’ for a time interval.Third is the pumping direction, either ‘INFUSE’ or ‘REFILL’, or the current operating state of the pump.A
diamond symbol ◊ in the last character of the display indicates pump chain communication has been received.
User Interface
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
12
Setting displays are used to facilitate entering control information and data into the pump.
Data entry will be discussed in detail later in this section. Informational messages occur
at various times to indicate such items as a data setting out of range, or a detected problem, such as the pump stalling. Pressing any key clears the message from the display.The
second line of the display is also divided into 3 sections.The first is the Running Mode
(Pump,Vol, Prog).The second section is the AutoFill indication (no message if Auto Fill is
Off, If On,AutoFill ON is displayed)The third section is a pair of directional arrow heads
(< or >) indicating that the pump is running and in what direction.AutoFill is not applicable to the Infusion and Infuse/Withdraw Models.
DESCRIPTION OF KEYS
The keypad consists of 19 keys on the Infusion model, 21 keys on the Infuse/Withdraw
model and 23 keys on the Programmable model.The keys are used for entering control
information and data into the pump.These keys are grouped into 3 sections (see Figures
1, 2 & 3): Set keys,Toggle keys, and Data Entry keys.
Set Keys
SET – Allows modification of a data item in this group of keys.To modify a data item,press
the relevant key after pressing the SET key. Pressing Set with an appropriate data entry
key will also allow the selection of special features. Refer to Entering Data on page 7.
INFUSE RATE – Displays/sets current infuse rate. Scrolls through rate units with each
press of the key when setting. Displays current programmed rate while running in program mode.
TARGET VOLUME – Displays/sets current volume mode target volume.
PROGRAM – Displays current program number, program sequence and sequence number. Held down, with a printer attached and the pump stopped, prints a program listing.
Not applicable to the Infusion or Infuse/Withdraw models.
DIAMETER – Displays/sets current syringe diameter. When held down during setting,
accesses built-in syringe table.
REFILL RATE – Displays/sets current refill rate.Scrolls through rate units with each press
of the key when setting. Not applicable to the Infusion model.
RS-232 – Displays/sets current RS-232 device(s) attached.
AUTO FILL – Turns Auto Fill feature setting on/off.Also,displays/sets syringe refill volume.
Toggle Keys
Keys in this group, when permitted, successive states of the keys’ function are selected
when the key is pressed.
RUN/STOP – Starts/stops–interrupts running of pump.
INFUSE/REFILL – Changes direction of pusher block travel during operation in Pump
and Volume modes. Pump must be stopped or in Pump Mode to reverse direction of
pump. Not applicable to the Infusion model.
SELECT MODE – Toggles in an incremental loop through PUMP,VOLUME or PROGRAM
run modes with each press of the key.The current mode is displayed on the 2nd line of
the display. (Program mode is only available on the Programmable Model).
Data Entry Keys
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0, . – Used to enter numeric data values or access special features.
ENTER – Saves and stores displayed data value in memory when setting a data item.
User Interface
13
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
ENTERING DATA
Set Keys
Keys with rectangular outlines in this group are used to modify or review settings of
the pumps control data. To review the current setting of a control data item, simply
hold down the relevant key and the data setting will appear in the top line of the display. In the case of the PROGRAM key (Programmable model only), if it is held down
the data will be sent to the printer if one is attached.
To modify a data setting, first press then release the green outlined SET key.The display should then read ‘SET WHAT?’. Press the key in the SET key group whose data is
to be modified. The display will display the current setting. Data is entered into the
pump by either entering a numerical value or by scrolling through a menu of choices.
Always press the green outlined ENTER key to terminate and store each data request
by the pump.
If you are to enter a numerical value, the far left of the display will show ‘ENTER’ followed by the units of the number to be entered. Using the numerical keys on the right
side of the keypad (see Figures 1, 2 & 3) enter the new data value. Up to five digit numbers are accepted, including up to four decimal places. Entering more than five digits
will clear the previous five digits entered in the display. Press the green outlined
ENTER key when the desired data value is displayed. If the far left of the display does
not show ‘ENTER’, then a menu of choices is being displayed. Pressing the relevant
key, according to the choices being displayed, selects successive menu entries.When
the desired selection is displayed, press the green outlined ENTER key.
If the data value entered is outside the pump’s operating parameters, the display will
read ‘OUT OF RANGE’. Pressing any key will restore the display with the original data
value. Enter another data value within the pump’s parameters or just press the green
outlined ENTER key to reuse the original data value.
The data value entered can be reviewed as described above. Note: Certain data items
have multiple settings. For these, after the ENTER key is pressed, the display will
prompt you for the additional information.Various rules apply to when, what and how
data can be set at various times. See the relevant section for further details.
SPECIAL FEATURES ACCESS TABLE
Pressing the green outlined SET key and then the appropriate numerical
key will allow the setting of several special features. Pressing the appropriate numerical key again will scroll between the options provided. Refer to
the table below.When the desired option is displayed, press the green outlined ENTER key.
RS232 Protocol
Alarm Mode
Power Up Mode
SET
SET
SET
1
2
3
Initial Setup
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
14
Figure 4. Rear Panel:Voltage Selector and Serial Number Label
1.
Read the entire manual to become familiar with all features and functions of the
PHD 2000.
2.
If the operating voltage is other than 115VAC, 60Hz, locate the voltage selector on
the rear panel (See Figure 4) of the pump and set it to the voltage being used.Also,
if other than 115 V, 60 Hz is being used, the plug must be cut off and an appropriate
plug installed, observing the polarity of the international line cord used:
Brown – live
Blue – neutral
Green – ground
3.
Take this opportunity to fill out and mail the Warrany Card.The Catalog and Serial
numbers are located on the Serial Number label on the rear panel.Refer to Figure 4.
4.
Turn on main power switch (See Figure 4) located directly above the power cord
receptacle on the rear panel.The two-line display will illuminate indicating that the
power connections are correct.The flashing display indicates that power has just
been applied. Pressing any key will reset the blinking display to constant illumination.
5.
See Section 7 for operating Instructions on next page.
6.
To change the Voltage setting from 115V to 230V,turn off the Main Power switch (0)
and remove the power cord. Pry open the access door using a small screwdriver.
Refer to (A) in Figure 4.
7.
Remove the red fuse holder assembly by prying it out of the switch assembly using
a small screw driver.
8.
Rotate the red fuse holder 180° and install it back into the switch assembly. Close
the small access door firmly until fully closed. 230V should be showing through the
small opening in the switch assembly. Install the power cord.
9.
Fuse Replacement.Turn off power, remove power cord from power module. Use
straight blade screw driver, pry open access door. Remove fuse holder, remove
fuse(s) from holder. Replace fuse(s) and fuse holder. (Replace holder with correct
voltage marking is showing through access door window) For continued fire protection, replace fuse only with 250V fuse of the specified type and rating. (3AG 1/2
AMP SLO-BLO)
WARNING: Use in manner not specified by the
manufacturer may impair the protection provided
by the equipment.
Operation
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
15
Because of the wide range of functions that the PHD 2000 is capable of performing, certain information about your application must be entered into the pump.At minimum, the
pump needs to know the Diameter of your syringe, the Infusion Rate and Direction of
travel. (Direction of travel Infuse/Refill, is not applicable to the Infusion model) This is the
only information needed to run the pump in the Pump Mode. If not specified, the Refill
Rate (Refill Rate is not applicable to the Infusion model)will default to the Infuse Rate.The
pump will need additional information to utilize its more advanced features. See Section
5, User Interface, for general information on data entry.
SYRINGE LOADING
Standard with a 2 Syringe Holder
The Pusher Block (2) and Syringe Holder Block (3)are fitted with movable retaining brackets (4 and 5) (Available as an option for the PHD 2000 Infusion model as an Anti-siphon
kit - Catalog # 70-2015)which hold the syringe barrel and plunger firmly when refilling.
When loading the syringe into the pump it is necessary to adjust these retaining brackets
and the Adjustable Stops (8 & 9).The Pusher Block (2) is fitted with Release Tabs (1) to
release the drive nut from the leadscrew so that the Pusher Block (2) can be moved freely
on the leadscrew to facilitate loading the syringe. Refer to Figure 5.
1.
Squeeze the Release Tabs (1) towards each other and move the Pusher Block (2) to
the left allowing enough space for the syringe being used to fit between the Pusher
Block (2)and the Syringe Holder Block (3).
2.
Loosen the four screws to free the retaining brackets (4 and 5) on the Pusher Block
(2)and Syringe Holder Block (3).This step is not required for the PHD 2000 Infusion
model which is not equipped with retaining brackets (4 & 5)or Adjustable Stops (9).
3.
Locate Syringe Clamp (6) and determine if clamp is in the correct position to firmly hold the desired syringe. Rule of thumb is that if the syringe is 20ml or larger, the
tips of the clamp should be pointing down. If it is required to change the orientation of the clamp, unscrew the plastic knob located in the center of the clamp by
turning it counter-clockwise (to the left). Remove the knob, lift the clamp off the
shaft,flip the clamp over and place back on the shaft,then tighten the knob by turning it clockwise (to the right). Refer to Figure 6.
4.
Lift up on the spring loaded Syringe Clamp (6) and rotate it 90° to allow clearance
for the syringe.Place the barrel of the syringe on to the Syringe Holder Block (3) and
rotate the clamp over the syringe. Ensure that the syringe barrel flange and plunger
flange are located within the retaining brackets on both the Pusher Block (2) and
the Syringe Holder Block (3).This step is not required for the PHD 2000 Infusion
model which is not equipped with retaining brackets or Adjustable Stops (9).Lower
the Syringe Clamp (6) down onto the syringe. CAUTION: Do not let the Syringe
Clamp snap down on the syringe. Doing so may crack or break a glass syringe.
5.
Ensure that both retaining brackets (4 and 5) are tight against the syringe barrel
flange and plunger flange, then tighten the screws on the retaining brackets on the
Pusher Block (2) and the Syringe Holder Block (3).This step is not required for the
PHD 2000 Infusion model which is not equipped with retaining brackets or
Adjustable Stops.
6.
Squeeze the Release Tabs (1) and move the Pusher Block (2) to the right until the
syringe plunger is located as far into the syringe as it will travel.Then squeeze the
Release Tabs (1) and move the Pusher Block (2) to the left just enough so that the
end of the syringe plunger is not touching the inside end of the syringe barrel and
release the Release Tabs (1). This step is not required for the PHD 2000 Infusion
model which is not equipped with retaining brackets or Adjustable Stops.
Operation
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
16
RELEASE
(disengage)
ENGAGED
1. Release Tabs
2. Pusher Blocks
3. Syringe Holder
Block
4. Retaining Bracket
(Pusher Block)
5. Retaining Bracket
(Syringe Block)
6. Syringe Clamps
7. Allen Wrench
8. Adjustable Stops
(Infuse)
9. Adjustable Stops
(Refill)
Push/Pull
Mechanism
Figure 5. Syringe Loading: Infuse/Withdraw or Programmable model shown
Operation
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
17
7.
Locate Allen Wrench (7) in its holder on the back of the Syringe Holder Block and
remove. Loosen front and rear Infusion Adjustable Stops (8) (right side) and slide
them both to the left until they contact the retaining bracket (4). Using the Allen
Wrench, tighten both Infusion Adjustable Stops (8).
8.
Squeeze the Release Tabs (1) and move the Pusher Block (2) to the left until the
syringe plunger is located as far out of the syringe as intended to travel. Then
squeeze the Release Tabs (1) and move the Pusher Block (2) to the right just
enough so that the end of the syringe plunger is just short of the maximum travel allowable and release the Release Tabs (1).This step is not required for the PHD
2000 Infusion model which is not equipped with retaining brackets or Adjustable
Stops.
9.
Loosen the front and rear Refill Adjustable Stops (9) (on the left side) and slide
them both to the right until they contact the Pusher Block (2).Then using the
Allen Wrench tighten both Refill Adjustable Stops (9) and return the Allen
Wrench to its holder.
With Multiple Syringe Holder
Catalog Numbers - 70-2003, 70-2006, 70-2009
These Versions of the PHD 2000 have a saw tooth syringe holder capable of holding
up to ten syringes, emptying them simultaneously at identical rates. This multiple
syringe pump will accommodate up to:
• Ten syringes of any size up to 10 ml
• Six syringes of 20ml- 100 ml
Catalog Numbers - 70-2004, 70-2007, 70-2010
These Versions of the PHD 2000 have a multiple syringe holder which accommodates:
• Up to four syringes of 30ml to 140 ml
To load syringes rotate the spring loaded retainer arm out of the way and lay syringes
in ‘V’ shaped slots with the syringe flange touching the holder. Rotate the retainer arm
to hold syringes in place. If less than the maximum number of syringes are used, try to
place them symmetrically about the lead screw to present a balanced load.
Maximum Force:The PHD 2000 will generate 29 lbs of force.With a 50 ml syringe it
will deliver 25 psi.
Note: The back pressure for each syringe will be divided by the number of syringes used.Thus for four 50 ml
syringes the maximum pressure developed in each syringe will be 6.3 psi.
Syringe Loading: Push/Pull Mechanism
1. Loading syringes on the standard end, see manual.
2. Loading syringes on push/pull end: 1 ml through 30 ml only.
Remove (2) thumb nuts and syringe clamp. Place syringes on moveable
syringe holder.Adjust syringe retainer using (2) set screws. Position moveable
holder for correct stroke. Clamp on to guide rod with the T-knob. Lock stop
plate in place with thumb nut. Place syringe clamp over syringes and lock in
place with thumb nut.
Operation
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Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
Running the Pump
Pressing the RUN/STOP key starts the pump.The pump will operate according to the
relevant data entered as interpreted by the selected run mode. Pressing the RUN/STOP
key while the pump is running stops the pump and the right side of the top line of
the display will indicate ‘INTERRUPT’ plus ‘>’ for infusing or ‘<’ for refilling.(Refilling is
not applicable to the Infusion model) This indicates that the pumping operation has
been suspended and can be continued. Pressing the RUN/STOP key again will continue the pumping operation at the point that it was interrupted. Changing any of the settings, including the pumping direction and the run mode, cancels the interrupted
operation and resets the display. The pump can also be started and stopped from a
remote source.
Diameter
If the inside diameter of the syringe being used is known, enter the value in millimeters. Otherwise, access the built-in Syringe Table and select the syringe being used.
After a new diameter is entered, directly or via the built-in Syringe Table, the Infuse
Rate and Refill Rate are set to 0 and the Auto Fill feature is turned off (Refill Rate is not
applicable to the Infusion model), (Auto Fill is applicable to the Programmable model
only).This is done for reasons of safety.The maximum diameter that can be entered is
50 mm.
To access the built-in Syringe Table, after pressing the SET key then the DIAMETER key,
hold down the DIAMETER key for about one second. Once the Syringe Table has been
accessed, each press of the key will scroll through the manufacturers. Find the manufacturer and material, if applicable, of your syringe. Press the ENTER key to enter your
selection. Now, using the DIAMETER key again, scroll by pressing the DIAMETER key
until the size of your syringe is displayed, in cc or µL, as indicated on the display.
Pressing the ENTER key will select the size of the syringe and look up and store the
diameter.The diameter will be displayed until the ENTER key is released.Thereafter,
pressing the DIAMETER key will display the selected diameter. In addition, the syringe
size selected becomes the default Refill Volume when the Auto Fill feature is turned
on. (Auto Fill is applicable to the Programmable model only) See Appendix A for a listing of the built-in Syringe Table and their respective diameters.
Infuse Rate
The Infuse Rate is the rate of pumping while infusing in the Pump or Volume modes.
Also, the Infuse Rate is used as a starting rate for the program model if one is not specified in the program, regardless of pumping direction. (Programmable model only.)
When entering the Infuse Rate, the INFUSE RATE key is used to scroll through the
allowable units of rate.The allowable units are: ml/mn, ml/hr, µl/mn, µl/hr.While running in the Pump or Volume modes, the Infuse Rate can be changed. If the new rate is
valid, it will take effect when the ENTER key is pressed.The minimum and maximum
rates permitted vary depending on the diameter of the syringe. If an ‘OUT OF RANGE’
message is displayed when entering a rate, try using a different syringe for your application.
Operation
19
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
Refill Rate
The Refill Rate is the rate of pumping while refilling in the Pump or Volume Modes or
during Auto Fill. If the Refill Rate hasn’t been set (rate is 0), the Refill Rate will default
to the Infuse Rate. (Refill Rate is not applicable to the Infusion model), (Auto Fill is
applicable to the Programmable model only)
When entering the Refill Rate, the REFILL RATE key is used to scroll through the allowable units of rate.The allowable units are: ml/mn, ml/hr, µl/mn, µl/hr. (Refill Rate is not
applicable to the Infusion model), While running in the Pump or Volume modes, the
Refill Rate can be changed. If the new rate is valid, it will take effect when the ENTER
key is pressed. (Refill Rate is not applicable to the Infusion model),The minimum and
maximum rates permitted vary depending on the diameter of the syringe. If an ‘OUT
OF RANGE’ message is displayed when entering a rate, try using a different syringe for
your application.
Target Volume
The Tagret Volume is the volume that you desire to deliver at the set Infuse or Refill
Rate.The pump must be set for this Volume mode for this feature to work.When entering the Target Volume, enter the volume desired in mls (milliliters) and press the
ENTER key.
Auto Fill (only applicable to programmable model)
Use AUTO FILL key to toggle between Auto Fill ‘ON’ and ‘OFF’. If Auto Fill is set to ‘ON’,
the pump will next request the volume of the syringe in milliliters.The volume of the
syringe is used as the refill volume of the syringe.This volume can be set to a volume
smaller than the syringe if desired.
When set to ‘ON’, the syringe is assumed to be empty.Auto Fill continuously monitors
the volume of the syringe according to the volume pumped. When the pump determines that the syringe is empty, the operation in progress is suspended and Auto Fill is
activated.The pumping direction is then reversed and the pump runs at the refill rate.
During the Auto Fill operation, the display will indicate the volume of liquid in the
syringe.
When the volume in the syringe reaches the set refill volume,Auto Fill will stop, and
the previous operation of the pump will resume.Auto Fill continues to monitor the volume of the syringe. TTL direction output is toggled ‘ON’ during refill. Refill Rate
defaults to Infuse Rate if not set.
Note: Auto Fill will only activate while infusing, (i.e., if the pump direction is set to Refill, the pump will not
stop when the syringe is full.) Also, if the syringe plunger is manually moved, the pump will lose track of the
true syringe volume.
Operation
20
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
Selecting the Run Mode
After entering any necessary operating data into the pump, select the pumping mode
that will be used when the pump is operated. Pressing the SELECT MODE key
advances the second line of the display to indicate the next run mode. Advance the
run mode to the desired mode, either Pump Mode, Volume Mode or Program Mode
until it is displayed. (Program Mode is applicable to the Programmable model only)
Pump Mode
The pump will continuously pump, infusing or refilling, until stopped.While running,
the Infuse and Refill Rates can be changed. The new rate, for the relevant pumping
direction, takes effect when the ENTER key is pressed.Also, the pumping direction can
be changed by pressing the INFUSE/REFILL key. (Refill , Refill Rate and Infuse/Refill are
not applicable to the Infusion model),
Volume Mode
The pump will run, infusing or refilling, until a specified target volume is pumped or
refilled. The TARGET VOLUME key is used to enter the Volume Mode target volume.
Used in conjunction with Auto Fill, the target volume can be greater than the volume
of the syringe. While running, the Target Volume, Infuse and Refill Rates can be
changed. The new rate, for the relevant pumping direction, takes effect when the
ENTER key is pressed.Target Volume can be used to enter a Target weight in grams if
a scale is attached via RS-232. (Refill is not applicable to the Infusion model),(Auto Fill
is applicable to the Programmable model only)
Program Mode
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
21
(only applicable to programmable model)
In the Program Mode the pump can make complex dispenses including changes in
rate and target volume.These complex dispenses are easily programmed from the keypad and are detailed in the Program Mode and the Programming Tutorial sections.
Program Description
A program is made up of a set of sequences. Each sequence being a set of operating
instructions for the pump to follow.When the pump is started in the PROGRAM run
mode, the pump will start at sequence 1 and execute the operating instructions in that
sequence.When the pump has completed the instructions for a sequence, it will go to
the next, or specified, sequence and execute the instructions in that sequence. The
pump continues this process until it either has reached a ‘STOP’ operation, the pump
is manually or remotely stopped, or the last sequence has been completed. 4 programs
with up to 9 sequences each may be entered.
A sequence consists of a sequence number, indicating the order of the sequence; a
mode, indicating what operation the sequence will be performing; and the actual data
for the operation, such as rates and volumes. The necessary data specified for each
sequence will depend on the strategy used. One of two strategies may be chosen for
a sequence’s target. Strategy 1 (Target Volume) pumps until a target volume is reached,
while Strategy 2 (Time Interval) pumps until a target time interval has lapsed. When
Strategy 1 is used, enter a time interval of 0:00:00, then you will be prompted for the
target volume. See the Programming Tutorial for example programs.
Entering a Program
It is advisable to plan out your program prior to entering the program into the pump.
Press the SET key then the PROGRAM key to begin entering a program.
The following is a list of possible data that can be requested when entering a program
and instructions on entering the data.
Sequence Operation
Use the PROGRAM key to select the sequence’s operation. Operations that can be
selected are: Profile, Increment (Incr), Decrement (Decr), Dispense, Event, Go To,
Pause, Pump,TTL Out, Restart, Stop.When the required operation is displayed press the
ENTER key.Additional information may be requested.
Rate
Enter the rate, using the INFUSE RATE key to change units. Note: If the rate entered is
invalid, an error message will not be given at the immediate time of entry.An ‘OUT OF
RANGE’ error message will be given during the running of the program.
Delta Rate
Enter the rate of Increment or Decrement desired.The units of the rate cannot be specified. Units will be the same as the units of the current pumping rate at the time the
sequence is executed.
Target Volume
Enter the required delivered target volume of the sequence. For increment and decrement sequences, the target volume is an incremental target. An incremental target is
added to the delivered volume at the start of the sequence.
Program Mode
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
22
Time Interval
Enter the time duration of the sequence in the form: ‘hours : minutes : seconds’. If
sequence Strategy 1 (Target Volume) is used, enter 0:00:00 for the time target.The maximum time interval is 9:99:99.
Number of Repetitions
Enter the number of times the sequence is to be repeated.The repetition number can
be from 1 to 99,999.
Pumping Direction
Each sequence that specifies a pumping operation, also specifies a pumping direction.
Use the INFUSE/REFILL key to change the pumping direction (< or >). (Direction of
travel Infuse/Refill, is not applicable to the Infusion model)
Pin Level
Select either HI or LOW for the logic level of the programmable output pin 4. Use the
PROGRAM key to change the setting.
Go to Sequence Number
Enter the destination sequence to continue operation of the program.Valid sequence
numbers are 1 to 10.
Profile
Runs at specified flow rate until target volume is pumped or a time interval has
elapsed.
Travel direction is as specified.
Data Specified:
Strategy 1:
(Volume)
Flow rate
Time Interval = 00:00:00
Target volume
Pumping direction
Strategy 2:
(Time)
Flow rate
Time interval
Pumping direction
Incr
Increments current rate by specified value and pumps until the target volume is
pumped or a time interval has elapsed. Units of rate will be that of the current rate of
the pump or the infusion rate’s units, if first sequence.
Sequence is repeated the specified number of times.Travel direction is as specified.
Data Specified:
Strategy 1:
(Volume)
Delta flow rate
Time Interval = 00:00:00
Volume increment
Number of repetitions
Pumping direction
Strategy 2:
(Time)
Delta flow rate
Time interval
Number of repetitions
Pumping direction
Program Mode
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
23
Decr
Same as INCR except rate is decremented.
Dispense
Repeatedly dispense specified volume. Runs at specified flow rate until a volume is
pumped or a time interval has elapsed, then pump will stop. If no time interval was
specified (Strategy 1), the display will show ‘TRIGGER’ and the next dispense will
begin after an external or keyboard run command. Otherwise, the sequence will pause
for specified time interval. Sequence is repeated the specified number of times.Travel
direction is as specified.
Data Specified:
Strategy 1:
(Volume)
Flow rate
Time Interval 00:00:00
Target volume
Number of repetitions
Pumping direction
Strategy 2:
(Time)
Flow rate
Target volume
Time interval
Number of repetitions
Pumping direction
Event
Program Events – A program event is an external event defined as a high to low transition on TTL pin-9.Within a program, a one time event trigger can be set which watches for and acts upon the external event.The triggered event causes an immediate continuation of the program at the specified sequence and the operation of the pump will
be according to this sequence.
Data Specified:
Go To sequence number
Go To
Causes the program to immediately continue operation at the sequence specified.
Data Specified:
Go To sequence number
Pause
Pump stops for specified time then continues with next programmed sequence.
Current program rate set to 0, with no change in units.
Data Specified:
Time interval
Pump
Runs the pump continuously at the specified flow rate without any pumping target.
This mode can provide a background flow rate while waiting for an external event to
trigger a new sequence specified by the EVENT operation.
Data Specified:
Flow rate
Pumping direction
Program Mode
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
24
TTL Out
Programmable TTL Pin:TTL output Pin 4 can be set to a HIGH or LOW level from within a program.
Data Specified:
TTL pin level
Restart
Immediately restart program from the first sequence.
Data Specified:
None
Stop
Stops pump and the program terminates.
Data Specified:
None
Program Printout
If a printer is attached and the pump is stopped, a program listing can be obtained by
pressing the PROGRAM key for about one second.‘PRINTING PROGRAM’ will be displayed while data is being sent.
Program Run Time Error Messages
If while running a program an operation is requested that cannot be performed, the
pump will stop and an error message will be displayed. Error messages will be displayed with the following format:
Program N SEQ n: message
Where ‘N’ is the Program number and ‘n’ is the sequence number when an error was
detected, and ‘message’ is the indicated error as follows:
INFINITE LOOP
A GO TO sequence cannot specify the current sequence.
INVALID GO TO
The target of the GO TO specified an invalid sequence number.
RATE UNDERFLOW
A decrement sequence decremented a rate to less than or equal to 0.
RATE OVERFLOW
An increment sequence caused an arithmetic overflow.
OUT OF RANGE
Specified or calculated rate is beyond the pumps capabilities with the specified
syringe.
VOL TGT ERROR
A sequence with a volume target cannot follow a sequence with a time target, unless
the volume delivered is zero or the pump is stopped at the start of the sequence entering it, select Program Mode using the SELECT MODE key and press the RUN/STOP key.
External Control and Interfaces
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
25
Figure 7. Rear Panel External Connections.
External devices that can be attached to the PHD 2000 are categorized into either RS232 devices or TTL devices. Pump Chains, Scales and Printers are RS-232 devices, all
other devices are TTL devices. See the Appendix F for specification details on attaching RS-232 devices and Appendix E for TTL.
RS-232 Devices
There are two telephone jack type connectors on the back of the unit (See Figure 7).
These are the RS-232 ports. Looking at the back of the pump, the connector on the
right is IN and the left is OUT. Attach the RS-232 connectors in the appropriate port
according to the following chart:
Device
Pump Chain computer side
Pump Chain pump side
Scale
Printer
Port
IN
OUT
IN
OUT
Configuring the Pump for RS-232 Devices
Press the SET key and then press 1 to select either Model 22 or Model 44 Protocol
(Refer to Section 11, Pump Chain Commands). Press the SET key, then use the RS-232
key to scroll through the menu of allowable RS-232 configurations. Possible configurations are:
Pump Chain
Scale
Printer
Scale & Printer
After entering the RS-232 configuration, additional information may be requested:
Pump Chain
Enter the 2-digit address assigned to the pump. Note: Each pump in the chain needs a
unique address.After entering the address (up to 99), the baud rate will be requested.
Use the RS-232 key to toggle between the supported baud rates: 1200, 2400 , 9600 and
19200. Note: Each pump in the chain must have same baud rate. See the Section 11,
Pump Chain Commands for pump chain control information.
External Control and Interfaces
26
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
Scale
Use the RS-232 key to toggle between the supported manufacturers: Mettler, Sartorius
and Ohaus.When a scale is attached, the weight will be read from the scale and used
as the delivered volume whenever the pumping direction of the pump is set to infuse.
When refilling, the syringe diameter is used for volume calculations. When the scale
weight is displayed, the units will be grams.
Printer
No additional information requested when entering.With a printer (capable of serial
port communication) attached, the pump will print the delivered volume whenever
the pump stops or the direction of pumping changes, except before and after Auto Fill
of the syringe. If the pump stops due to the pump stalling, an asterisk (*) will be
appended to the volume printed. In addition, the entered pump program can be listed
on the printer by pressing the PROGRAM key for about one second, with the pump
stopped.
TTL Devices
The pump does not need to be configured to attach a TTL device. Simply plug the
device into the 9-pin connector on the rear of the pump. See Appendix E for wiring
specifications.
Foot Switch or Relay
Used to start and stop the pump. Pressing the foot switch performs the same function
as pressing the RUN/STOP key on the keyboard. The foot switch connector allows
remote or automated operation of the pump.
Timer
Opening the timer input starts the pump. Closing the timer input stops the pump.The
timer input allows for an externally controlled pumping interval.
Pumping Direction (Not applicable for Infusion model)
Sets the direction of pumping. Opening the directional input sets the pump to infuse.
Closing the directional input sets the pump to refill.The pumping direction input is
recognized only in the situations that the INFUSE/REFILL key would be recognized,
i.e., when the pump is stopped or running in the Pump Mode.
Valve Control (Not applicable for Infusion model)
The valve control output is an indicator of the direction of pump travel.When the output is high, the pump is set to Refill.A output low indicates Infuse.
Programming Tutorial
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
27
In the following examples, the diameter is 26.7 mm and the infuse rate is 50 ml/mn.
To run a program after entering it, select Program mode using the SELECT MODE key
and press the RUN/STOP key.The examples on the following pages include: Multiple
Infusions, Ramping Up Infusion Rate, Multiple Dispensing, Periodic Dispense Loop,
Combination Infuse and Withdraw Profile, Use of Events and Use of Signal.
Multiple Infusion Example
The following program will instruct the
pump to infuse according to the above
graph. The program instructs the pump to
infuse 10 ml at 75.000 ml/mn then infuse
another 5 ml at 25 ml/mn then stop, for a
total of three sequences. Since this graph is
Rate vs. Volume, Strategy 1 will be used
when entering the program.
SEQUENCE 1:
Key Presses
SET
PROGRAM
ENTER
75
INFUSE RATE
ENTER
0 ENTER
Explanation
Allows selection of Programming mode
Press until PROFILE selected
Enters selection
Enter rate of 75.000 ml/mn
Press until units are ml/mn
Enters rate
Enter 0 for time, this indicates Strategy
1
10 ENTER
10 ml is the first target volume
INFUSE/REFILL Toggles direction to infuse
ENTER
Enters sequence’s pumping direction
SEQUENCE 2:
Key Presses
PROGRAM
ENTER
25
INFUSE RATE
ENTER
0 ENTER
Explanation
Press until PROFILE selected
Enters selection
Enter rate of 25.000 ml/mn
Press until units are ml/mn
Enters rate
Enter 0 for time, this indicates Strategy
1
5 ENTER
5 ml is the second target volume
INFUSE/REFILL Toggles direction to infuse
ENTER
Enter sequence’s pumping direction
SEQUENCE 3:
Key Presses
PROGRAM
ENTER
Explanation
Press until STOP selected
Enters selection and ends program
entry
Figure 6. Multiple Infusions.
PROGRAM PRINTOUT
PROG1 SEQ 1: PROFILE
75.000 ml/mn
10.000 ml
INFUSE
PROG1 SEQ 2: PROFILE
25.000 ml/mn
5.0000 ml
INFUSE
PROG1 SEQ 3: STOP
Programming Tutorial
28
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
Ramping Up Infusion Rate Example
PROGRAM PRINTOUT
Figure 7. Ramping Up Infusion Rate
PROG1 SEQ 1: PROFILE
10.000 ml/mn
0:00:01 INTERVAL
INFUSE
PROG1 SEQ 2: INCR
0.1695 INCR
0:00:01 INTERVAL
INFUSE
59 REPEAT
PROG1 SEQ 3: PROFILE
20.000 ml/mn
0:00:10 INTERVAL
INFUSE
PROG1 SEQ 4: STOP
In this example, the pump will ramp up from 10 ml/mm to 20 ml/mn over 60 seconds,
then continue to run at 20 ml/min for another 10 seconds.This is a Strategy 2 Program
requiring four sequences:
1.
Specify the initial rate as a profile of 10 ml/mn for one second.
2.
Specify the ramp up to 20 ml/mn. Since the minimum resolution of an increment
is one second, it will take 59 steps to reach the target rate. Sequence 2 starts at
time 1 second and ends at time 60 seconds, giving it a duration of 59 seconds.
At one second a step, 59 seconds divided by one second per step equals 59 steps.
The increase per step will by 20 ml/mn minus 10 ml/mn, divided by 59 steps or
0.1695 rounded to four decimal places.
3.
Continue running at 20 ml/mn for 10 seconds with a profile operation.
4.
Stop the pump.
Programming Tutorial
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Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
Multiple Dispensing Example
PROGRAM PRINTOUT
Figure 8. Multiple Dispensing
PROG1 SEQ 1:
35.000 ml/mn
15.000 ml
3. REPEAT
INFUSE
PROG1 SEQ 2:
65.000 ml/mn
25.000 ml
2. REPEAT
INFUSE
PROG1 SEQ 3:
45.000 ml/mn
17.000 ml
2. REPEAT
INFUSE
PROG1 SEQ 4:
DISPENSE
DISPENSE
DISPENSE
STOP
Here, a series of dispenses are programmed. Each dispense is started by a trigger, such
as pressing the RUN/STOP key or pressing an attached foot switch. Seven dispenses
are programmed: three of 15 ml at 35 ml/mn, two of 25 ml at 65 ml/mn, and two of 17
ml at 45 ml/mn.The pump’s display will show ‘TRIGGER’ when it is waiting for a run
trigger and < or > will not be displayed.
This is a Strategy 1 dispense.A time interval of 0 is specified when entering a Strategy
1 dispense. Since the total volume to be dispensed is 129 ml and the syringe volume
is 50 ml, the Auto Fill feature would be very useful with this program.
Programming Tutorial
30
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
Periodic Dispense Loop Example
Figure 9. Periodic Dispense Loop
This is an example of a series of periodic dispenses of varying volumes and intervals. For
this application, Strategy 2 dispenses are used.
Note that between the third and fourth dispenses is a 45 minute interval. Each dispense in
the first sequence is separated by a pause interval of 1:30. Since after the third dispense there
already will be a 1:30 pause, an additional
pause of 43:30 is used to extend the pause to
the desired 45:00. Sequence 5 is a RESTART
command, causing the series of dispenses to be
continuously repeated until the pump is
stopped.
PROGRAM PRINTOUT
PROG1 SEQ 1: DISPENSE
15.000 ml/mn
3.5000 ml
0:01:30 INTERVAL
3. REPEAT
INFUSE
PROG1 SEQ 2: PAUSE
0:43:30 INTERVAL
PROG1 SEQ 3: DISPENSE
25.700 ml/mn
6.7500 ml
0:05:00 INTERVAL
2. REPEAT
INFUSE
PROG1 SEQ 4: DISPENSE
20.000 ml/mn
4.3000 ml
0:02:30 INTERVAL
4. REPEAT
INFUSE
PROG1 SEQ 5: RESTART
Programming Tutorial
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Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
Combination of Infusion and Withdraw Profiles
Example
Here is an example of a more complex profile program. Each ‘run’ of
the infusion has been determined
to pump 43.155 ml. The first
sequence refills the syringe with
the volume to be infused then the
infusion profile is started, after
which the syringe is refilled and the
infusion is repeated until the pump
is stopped.
Figure 10. Combination Infusion and
Withdraw Profiles
PROGRAM PRINTOUT
PROG1 SEQ 1: PROFILE
75.000 ml/mn
43.155 ml
REFILL
PROG1 SEQ 2: PROFILE
50.000 ml/mn
0:00:04 INTERVAL
INFUSE
PROG1 SEQ 3: DECR
4.0000 DECR
0:00:01 INTERVAL
12. REPEAT
INFUSE
PROG1 SEQ 4: INCR
5.0000 DECR
8.0000 INCR
0:00:01 INTERVAL
8. REPEAT
INFUSE
PROG1 SEQ 5: PROFILE
95.000 ml/mn
0:00:10 INTERVAL
INFUSE
PROG1 SEQ 6: PROFILE
30.000 ml/mn
0:00:05 INTERVAL
INFUSE
PROG1 SEQ 7: PROFILE
65.000 ml/mn
0:00:05 INTERVAL
INFUSE
PROG1 SEQ 8: DECR
5.0000 DECR
0:00:01 INTERVAL
11. REPEAT
INFUSE
PROG1 SEQ 9: RESTART
Programming Tutorial
32
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
Use of Events
Figure 11. Use of Events
This is an example of the PHD 2000 working interactively with other laboratory equipment.The pump will continuously pump at 300 ml/hr until an external event, a high
to low transition at pin 9, possibly produced by another PHD 2000 , causes the pump
to deliver a 15 ml bolus at 75 ml/mn.After delivering 5 ml of the bolus, output pin 4
is set to a logic high for the duration of the bolus after which it is dropped.This output pin can be attached to the timer input of another pump, such as a Harvard Pump
22 or 44, to create a precise mixture during the bolus. After the bolus is completed,
the Pump 22 would be stopped and the PHD 2000 would return to delivering its background rate of 300 ml/hr, waiting for another external event.
PROGRAM PRINTOUT
PROG1 SEQ 1: TTL OUT
OFF
PROG1 SEQ 2: EVENT
GO TO 4
PROG1 SEQ 3: PUMP
300.00 ml/hr
INFUSE
PROG1 SEQ 4: PROFILE
75.000 ml/mn
5.0000 ml
INFUSE
PROG1 SEQ 5: TTL OUT
ON
PROG1 SEQ 6: PROFILE
75.000 ml/mn
10.0000 ml
INFUSE
PROG1 SEQ 7: RESTART
Programming Tutorial
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
33
Figure 12. Use of TTL Signal
Before the pumping flow begins, the pump sends a TTL signal to another piece of
equipment for 5 seconds, but first verifies that the TTL line is low by turning it off for
1 second, then turns it on.The pumping process consists of an alternation of pumping
3 ml’s at 53 ml/mn and 5 ml’s at 75 ml/mn. It uses the TTL output to signal to another
device whose sequence it is executing by lowering the TTL line before sequence 5 and
raising it before sequence 8.
PROGRAM PRINTOUT
PROG1 SEQ 1: TTL OUT
OFF
PROG1 SEQ 2: PAUSE
0:00:01 INTERVAL
PROG1SEQ 3: TTL OUT
ON
PROG1 SEQ 4: PAUSE
0:00:01 INTERVAL
PROG1 SEQ 5: TTL OUT
OFF
PROG1SEQ 6: PROFILE
53.000 ml/mn
3.0000 ml
INFUSE
PROG1 SEQ 7: TTL OUT
ON
PROG1 SEQ 8: PROFILE
75.000 ml/mn
5.0000 ml
INFUSE
PROG1SEQ 9: GO TO 5
This is an example of the PHD 2000 being operated from a remote location.When the
pump is powered on, the position of the pusher block is unknown and must be homed
to a known position.
At the syringe full position, a limit switch is placed such that it is tripped by the pusher
block when the syringe is full.The limit switch is connected to pins 4 and 9, programmable output and the event input,on the TTL connector.When the pump receives a start signal, it first refills the syringe and stops when the limit switch is sensed.The pump then
waits for a start trigger and performs a dispense then refills the syringe and waits again for
the next start trigger.
PROGRAM PRINTOUT
PROG1 SEQ 1: EVENT
GO TO 7
PROG1 SEQ 2: TTL OUT
ON
PROG1 SEQ 3: PAUSE
0:00:01 INTERVAL
PROG1 SEQ 4: TTL OUT
OFF
PROG1 SEQ 5: PAUSE
00:00:01 INTERVAL
PROG1 SEQ 6: PUMP
75.000 ml/mn
PROG1 SEQ 7: DISPENSE
10.000 ml/mn
0.0001 ml
1. REPEAT
REFILL
PROG1 SEQ 8: PUMP
75.000 ml/mn
10.000 ml
INFUSE
PROG1 SEQ 9: RESTART
Pump Chain Commands
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
34
The Pump Chain RS-232 interface is used to enhance the control applications of the
PHD 2000. This interface allows all control information, including a program, to be
entered into the pump from an external source such as a computer. In addition, this
interface allows up to 100 pumps and, in certain cases, other RS-232 devices to be controlled from a single RS-232 communication port on a computer.
Assign each pump in the pump chain a unique address from 0 to 99.This address is
used to identify which pump is to receive a command and which pump is responding. Configure each pump with its assigned address and the baud rate being used (See
Section 9, External Control & Interfaces).
When the control device communicates with the pump, a diamond appears on the far
right of the display indicating that it is receiving RS-232 commands. The diamond
remains on the display until the pump is turned off or SET RS-232 is entered on the
keyboard, indicating a change in the RS-232 configuration.
A pump will not respond to pump chain communication while it is in a setting mode
(entered when user presses the SET key).The pump can still be controlled from the
keyboard while it is in a pump chain. Control data that is changed via RS-232 will be
stored in the pump’s non-volatile memory.
After each command is received and executed, the pump terminates its responses
with a prompt.A prompt is a string of ASCII characters sent by a pump.
The PHD 2000 is capable of using two sets of pump interface commands. This will
allow users of Harvard Apparatus Model 22 and Model 44 pumps to use existing programs to control the PHD 2000 pumps.The two sets of commands are contained on
the following pages.
Pump Chain Commands
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
35
Each command sent to the pump chain is a string of ASCII characters, with leading
zero’s on numbers and all spaces optional. Numbers are a maximum of five digits.The
following symbols are used in describing the commands:
Pump Chain Commands - Model ‘22’ Protocol
(Model 44 Protocol on page 37)
After each transmission to the Pump terminating with a CR character (ASCII 13), the
pump enters remote mode and responds with the three character sequence:
CR LF prompt
The prompt character indicates the status of the pump as follows:
:
>
<
*
When stopped
When running forward
When running reverse
When stalled
(ASCII 58 decimal)
(ASCII 62 decimal)
(ASCII 60 decimal)
(ASCII 42 decimal)
Note: With a pump chain, if no address precedes the command transmitted, the pump at address 0 will respond to the command.
Commands - Response: CR LF prompt
RUN
REV
STP
CLV
CLT
MLM number
ULM number
MLH number
ULH number
MMD number
MLT number
Infuse (forward direction)
Start (reverse direction) Not accessible on Infusion model
Stop
Clear volume accumulator to zero
Clear target volume to zero
Set rate, units are milliliters per minute
Set rate, units are microliters per minute
Set rate, units are milliliters per hour
Set rate, units are microliters per hour
Set diameter, units are mm. Rate is set to 0
Set target infusion volume, units are ml.
Numbers between 0 and 1999 will be accepted by the pump. Leading zeros and trailing decimal point are optional.Any number of digits to the right of the decimal point
may be transmitted.The number received will be rounded to four significant digits if
the leading digit is 1, or three significant digits if the leading digit is 2 to 9.
Pump Chain Commands
36
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
Queries - Response: CR LF Value CR LF Prompt
Queries with Numeric Response
DIA
RAT
VOL
TAR
VER
Send diameter value, units in mm
Send rate value in current range units
Send current accumulated infused volume, units are ml.
Send target volume, units are ml.
Send model and version number
Value format: nnnn.nnn
The transmitted value is an 8 character string with leading zeros converted to SP characters. (ASCII 32) The fifth character is a decimal point (ASCII 46).
Query - Response: CR LF Range CR LF Prompt
Queries with String Response
RNG
Send range message
Range is a character string, one of: ML/H ML/M UL/H or UL/M
Error Responses
CR LF ? CR LF prompt
CR LF O O R CR LF prompt
Unrecognized command
Out of range
Pump Chain Commands
37
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
Pump Chain Commands - Model ‘44’ Protocol
Symbol
[. . .]
{. . .}
|
f
d
<cr>
<lf>
<float>
<integer>
<time>
<text>
Meaning
optional
select one
either/or
digits 0 – 9 or a decimal point
digits 0 – 9
carriage return (ASCII 13)
line feed (ASCII 10)
ffffff
ddddd
d:dd:dd
any string of ASCII characters
Command Formats and Meanings:
Command Format
<cr>
Meaning
Stops all pumps.
All pumps on the pump chain interpret
this as a stop command.
pump address, <cr>
Request for prompt
The pump with the indicated
address responds with its prompt
optional pump address,
Send a command to a pump.
command, <cr>
The pump with the indicated
address executes the command
then responds with its prompt.
The optional pump address, if not
specified, will default to pump address 0.
After each command is received and executed, the pump acknowledges the command
with a prompt. Preceding the prompt may be some additional text responses.The additional text will be one or more lines of ASCII text, each preceded by a line feed and
terminated by a carriage return:
<lf>, <text>, <cr>
A prompt is a string of ASCII characters sent by a pump indicating the pumps address
and its present state:
<lf>, 1 or 2 digit address, prompt character
Prompt Characters
Meaning
:
>
<
/
*
^
Pump stopped
Pump infusing
Pump refilling
Pause interval (pump stopped)
Pumping interrupted (pump stopped)
Dispense trigger wait (pump stopped)
Pump Chain Commands
38
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
Pump Commands and Responses
RUN
Starts pumping according to the present setting of the pump. If pump is
already pumping, a ‘Not Applicable’ response will be given.
STP
Stops pump if it was running. If pump was already stopped, a ‘Not
Applicable’ response will be given.
DEL
Request for volume delivered, in ml.
Response is of the following format:
space, space, f f f f f f
CLD
Request to zero volume delivered. If the pump was interrupted, it will cancel the interrupted condition. If the pump is running, request will not be
accepted and a ‘Not Applicable’ response will be given. Otherwise, no
response is given.
RAT [<float> [<units>]]
Request to set or query infusion rate setting.
Set infusion rate:
RAT rate
Set infusion rate and units:
RAT rate units
Rate is of format: f f f f f f
Units are one of:
UM
UH
MM
MH
Definition
µl/mn
µl/hr
ml/mn
ml/hr
If rate is accepted and valid, rate will become the new infusion rate.
If the rate is invalid, an ‘Out Of Range’ response will be given.
Command will not be accepted if the pump is running in the Program
Mode and
a ‘Not Applicable’ response will be given.
Query infusion rate: RAT
Response is of the following format:
space, space, f f f f f f units
Where units is one of the following:
ml/mn
ul/mn
ml/hr
ul/hr
Pump Chain Commands
39
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
RFR [<float> [<units>]]
Request to set or query refill rate setting.
Set refill rate:
RFR rate
Set refill rate and units:
RFR rate units
Rate is of format: f f f f f f
Units are one of:
UM
UH
MM
MH
Definition
µl/mn
µl/hr
ml/mn
ml/hr
If rate is accepted and valid, rate will become the new refill rate.
If the rate is invalid, an ‘Out Of Range’ response will be given.
Command will not be accepted if the pump is running in the
Program Mode and
a ‘Not Applicable’ response will be given.
Query refill rate: RFR
Response is of the following format:
space, space, f f f f f f units
Where units is one of the following:
ml/mn
ul/mn
ml/hr
ul/hr
PGR
Request for the rate of pumping set during the running of a program.
Response is of the following format:
space, space, f f f f f f units
Where units is one of the following:
ml/mn
ul/mn
ml/hr
ul/hr
Pump Chain Commands
40
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
DIA [<float>]
Request to set or query syringe diameter setting.
Set diameter:
DIA diameter
Diameter is of format: f f f f f f
Units are MM.
INFUSE and REFILL rates will be set to zero and AUTO FILL will
be set to off.
If diameter is accepted and valid, diameter becomes new diameter.
Diameter will not be accepted if the pump is running and a ‘Not
Applicable’ response will be given.
If the diameter is invalid, an ‘Out Of Range’ response will be
given.
Query diameter: DIA
Response is of the following format:
space, space, f f f f f f
Units are MM.
TGT [<float>]
Request to set or query target volume setting.
Set target volume:
TGT volume
Volume is of format: f f f f f f
Units are ML.
If volume is accepted and valid, volume becomes new target volume.
Volume will not be accepted if the pump is running and a ‘Not
Applicable’ response will be given.
If the volume is invalid, an ‘Out Of Range’ response will be given.
Query volume:TGT
Response is of the following format:
space, space, f f f f f f
Units are ML.
Pump Chain Commands
41
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
MOD [{PMP|VOL|PGM}]
Request to set or query pumping mode
Set:
MOD PMP (Puts pump in Pump Mode)
MOD VOL (Puts pump in Volume Mode)
MOD PGM (Puts pump in Program Mode)
Command will not be accepted if the pump is running and a ‘Not
Applicable’ response will be given.
Query: MOD
If mode is PUMP, response will be:
PUMP
If mode is VOLUME, response will be:
VOLUME
If mode is PROGRAM response will be:
PRGRAM
DIR [{INF|REF|REV}]
Request to set or query pumping direction
Set:
DIR INF (sets pumping direction to infusion)
DIR REF (sets pumping direction to refill)
DIR REV (reverses current pumping direction)
Command will not be accepted if the pump is running in volume or program modes and a ‘Not Applicable’ response will be given.
Query: DIR
If pump direction is infusion, response will be:
INFUSE
If pump direction is refill, response will be:
REFILL
AF [{ON|OFF}]
Request to set or query auto fill setting
Set:
AF ON (turns Auto Fill feature on)
Note:The syringe volume is also needed for auto fill to operate.
(See SYR command)
AF OFF (turns Auto Fill function off)
Command will not be accepted if the pump is running and a ‘Not
Applicable’ response will be given.
Query:AF
If Auto Fill function is ON, response will be: ON
If Auto Fill function if OFF, response will be: OFF
Pump Chain Commands
42
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
SYR [<float>]
Request to set or query syringe volume setting for auto fill.
Used in conjunction with Auto Fill feature. (See AF command).
Set syringe volume: SYR volume
Volume is of format: f f f f f f
Units are ML.
If volume is accepted and valid, volume will become the new
syringe Auto Fill volume.
Volume will not be accepted if the pump is running and a ‘Not
Applicable’ response will be given.
If the volume is invalid, an ‘Out Of Range’ response will be given.
Query syringe volume: SYR
Response is of the following format:
space, space, f f f f f f
IN d
Request to read the TTL logic level of the specified pin on the external 9
pin D-SUB connector.Valid pin numbers for input are:
6, 7, 8 and 9
If the pin specified is valid and if the pin level is high, response will be:
ON
If the pin level is low, response will be:
OFF
If the pin specified is invalid:
An ‘Out Of Range’ response will be given
OUT d = <ON|OFF>
Request to set the TTL logic level at the specified pin on the external 9 pin
D-SUB connector.
Valid pin number for output is: 4
If the pin specified is invalid:
An ‘Out Of Range’ response will be given
Example:
Set pin 4 high:
OUT 4 = ON
Set pin 4 low:
OUT 4 = OFF
Pump Chain Commands
43
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
SEQ [<integer>} [<entry>]
Request to set or query programming sequences. <integer> is sequence
number.
Default is Sequence 1. Command only applicable while pump is stopped.
Valid
sequence numbers,‘n’, are 1 to 10.‘n’ defaults to 1 wherever it is optional.
See program
examples.
Query entire program:
SEQ
Example response:
SEQ 1: DISPENSE
75.000 ml/mn
43.155 ml
0:00:01 INTERVAL
3 REPEAT
INFUSE
SEQ 2: PROFILE
100.00 ml/mn
150.00 ml
REFILL
SEQ 3: RESTART
Query program sequence [n]: SEQ n
Example response to the command ‘SEQ 2’ with the previous example’s
program:
SEQ 2: PROFILE
100.00 ml/mn
150.00 ml
REFILL
Query program sequence n’s mode: SEQ [n] MOD
Response will be according to the following table:
Response
STP
PRO
INC
DEC
DIS
PAS
Description
stop
profile
increment
decrement
dispense
pause
Response
RST
GOT
EVN
PMP
OUT
Description
restart
go to
event
pump
TTL out
Pump Chain Commands
44
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
Query data item of program sequence n:
Command
SEQ [n] RAT
SEQ [n] GOT
SEQ [n] TGT
SEQ [n] INT
SEQ [n] RPT
SEQ [n] OUT
SEQ [n] DIR
Description
Query rate
Response:
f f f f f f units
Where units is one of the following:
ml/mn
ul/mn
ml/hr
ul/hr
Query go to sequence number
Response: <n>
Query target volume
Response: <float>
Query time interval
Response: <time>
Query repetition count
Response: <float>
Query output pin level setting
Response: <ON/OFF>
Query pumping direction
Possible responses: INFUSE
REFILL
Set mode of program sequence n:
SEQ [n] MOD mode
Where mode is as follows:
Mode
STP
PRO
INC
DEC
DIS
PAS
Description
stop
profile
increment
decrement
dispense
pause
Mode
RST
EVN
GOT
OUT
PMP
Set data item of program sequence n:
Set sequence’s rate:
SEQ [<n>] RAT <float> [<units>]
Rate is of format: f f f f f f
Units are one of :
UM
UH
MM
MH
Description
µl/mn
µl/hr
ml/mn
ml/hr
Description
restart
event
go to
set output pin
pump
Pump Chain Commands
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
45
Set sequence’s go to sequence number
SEC [<n>] GOT <n>
Set sequence’s target volume:
SEQ [<n>] TGT <float>
Set sequence’s time or target:
SEQ [<n>] INT <time>
Set sequence’s repetition number:
SEQ [<n>] RPT <integer>
Set sequence’s pumping direction:
SEQ [<n>] DIR <INF|REF>
Set sequence’s output pin level
SEQ [<n>] OUT <ON|OFF>
VER
Request for version of pumps embedded software.
Pump Chain Error Messages
Error messages are in the format:
<lf>, space, space, <message>, <cr>,
Where <message> is one of the following:
?
Syntax error in a received command
NA
Command not applicable at this time
OOR
Control data is out of the operating range of the pump
Note: If assistance is needed in programming pump control via RS-232, call
Harvard Apparatus Customer Service Support at 1-800-272-2775.
Appendix A: Syringe Diameters in mm
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
46
Stainless Steel
Size
Diameter
8 cc
9.525 mm
20
19.130
50
28.600
100
34.900
200
44.755
––––––––––––––––––––––
Becton Dickinson
Plastic ‘Plastipak’
Size
Diameter
1 cc
4.78 mm
3
8.66
5
12.06
10
14.50
20
19.13
30
21.70
50/60
26.70
––––––––––––––––––––––
Air–Tite
‘All Plastic’
Size
Diameter
2.5 cc
9.60 mm
5
12.45
10
15.90
20
20.05
30
22.50
50
29.00
––––––––––––––––––––––
Unimetrics
Series 4000 &
5000
Size
10 µl
25
50
100
250
500
1000
Diameter
0.460 mm
0.729
1.031
1.460
2.300
3.260
4.610
Terumo
Size
Diameter
3 cc
8.95 mm
5
13.00
10
15.80
20
20.15
30
23.10
60
29.10
––––––––––––––––––––––
Sherwood–Monoject
Plastic
Size
Diameter
1 cc
4.65 mm
3
8.94
6
12.70
12
15.90
20
20.40
35
23.80
60
26.60
140
38.40
––––––––––––––––––––––
Popper & Sons, Inc.
‘Perfektum’ Glass
Size
Diameter
0.25 cc 3.45 mm
0.5
3.45
1
4.50
2
8.92
3
8.99
5
11.70
10
14.70
20
19.58
30
22.70
50
29.00
100
35.70
––––––––––––––––––––––
Renfac
Size
2 cc
5
10
20
30
50
Diameter
9.12 mm
12.34
14.55
19.86
23.20
27.60
SGE Scientific
Glass
Engineering
Size
25 µl
50
100
250
500
Diameter
0.73 mm
1.03
1.46
2.30
3.26
1.0 ml
4.61 mm
2.5
7.28
5
10.30
10
14.57
––––––––––––––––––––––
Hamilton–Microliter
Series Gastight
Size
0.5 µl
1
2
5
10
25
50
100
250
500
Diameter
0.103 mm
0.1457
0.206
0.3257
0.460
0.729
1.031
1.46
2.3
3.26
1.0 ml
4.61 mm
2.5
7.28
5
10.3
10
14.57
25
23.0
50
32.6
––––––––––––––––––––––
Becton Dickinson
Glass-All Types
Size
0.5 µl
1
2.5
5
10
20
30
50
100
Diameter
4.64 mm
4.64
8.66
11.86
14.34
19.13
22.70
28.60
34.90
Appendix B: Stainless Steel Syringes
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
47
Harvard High Pressure 8 ml
Stainless Steel Syringe
100 ml
50 ml
200 ml
8 ml
20 ml
Harvard High
Pressure Stainless Steel Syringes
Harvard High Pressure
Stainless Steel Syringes
Harvard now offers a completely new line
of Stainless Steel Syringes intended for
high pressure applications with good
resistance to most aggressive liquids.
Wetted parts are #316 stainless steel or
Viton. Syringes are available in 20, 50, 100
and 200 ml sizes with removable replaceable tips.Genuine SWAGELOK® syringe to
tube fittings are available in 1/16, 1/8 and
1/4 inch sizes.A luer lock end fitting is also
available.All tips are interchangeable with
all syringes (20 to 200 ml) in the series.
Both syringe barrel end plungers are #316
stainless steel.A Viton O-ring seal between
top and end of the barrel insures against
leakage. Syringes are guaranteed to be leak
free for pressures up to 700 psi.
This syringe has been designed to utilize
the high forces available in our syringe
pumps to produce pressures up to 1500
psi. The syringe is constructed entirely of
#316 stainless steel with two Chemraz®
O-Ring seals, two Teflon O-Ring seals and
1.6 mm (1/16 in) SWAGELOK® end.When
used in the 70-2200 or 70-2201 Harvard
PHD 4400, pressures in excess of 1500 psi
are achieved for chromatography and
process control applications.
Specifications
Volume
Dimensions:
Length of Barrel
Plunger Excursion
OD
ID
Max Test Pressure
Working Pressure
8 ml
16.5 cm (6-1/2 in)
11.4 cm (4-1/2 in)
1.6 cm (5/8 in)
0.95 cm (3/8 in)
4000 p.s.i
1500 p.s.i
Cat. No. Product
55-3369
Harvard High Pressure 8 ml Stainless
Steel Syringe
Replacement Parts
5013-089 Chemraz® O-Ring 20 ml
5013-090 Chemraz® O-Ring 50 ml
5013-091 Chemraz® O-Ring 100 ml
5013-092 Chemraz® O-Ring 200 ml
5013-087 Chemraz® Tip Seal O-Ring, all sizes
72-2472 Replacement Viton O-Ring 20 ml, 10
72-2473 Replacement Viton O-Ring 50 ml, 10
72-2474 Replacement Viton O-Ring 100 ml, 10
72-2475 Replacement Viton O-Ring 200 ml, 10
72-2476 Replacement Viton Tip Seal O-Ring, 10
72-2477 Stainless Steel Plunger Button to Adapt
Syringe for Use with PHD 2000 HVP
with Triple S Clamp
All syringes are supplied with inside diameter dimensions for use with Harvard
microprocessor controlled pumps and rate
charts for use with older ‘classic’ pumps.
Replacement Viton O-Rings are available,as
are the more chemically resistant
Chemraz® O-Rings.
Harvard High Pressure Stainless Steel Syringes
With SWAGELOK®
Diameter
Syringe Size
1/16 inch
1/8 inch
20 ml
55-4199
55-4205
50 ml
55-4200
55-4206
100 ml
55-4201
55-4207
200 ml
55-4202
55-4208
Replacement Tips, Furnished with Sealing O-Ring
55-4220
55-4221
With Luer Lock
1/4 inch
55-4209
55-4210
55-4211
55-4213
55-4214
55-4215
55-4216
55-4217
55-4222
55-4223
Appendix C: Min/Max Flow Rates
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
48
Minimum flow rates are taken from the smallest inside diameters and maximum flow
rates are taken from the largest inside diameters of the syringes supplied by the eleven
most widely used syringe manufacturers.
Nominal Minimum/Maximum Flow Rates for Various Syringes
(Actual Limits will vary depending on manufacturer)
Syringe µl/hr
Size
Min.
0.5 µl
1 µl
2 µl
5 µl
10 µl
25 µl
50 µl
100 µl
250 µl
500 µl
1000 µl
1 ml
2 ml
2.5 ml
3 ml
5 ml
10 ml
20 ml
30 ml
50 ml
100 ml
140 ml
0.0001
0.0002
0.0004
0.0010
0.0019
0.0046
0.0092
0.0183
0.0454
0.0911
Max.
µl/min
Min.
Max.
ml/hr
Min.
Max.
ml/min
Min.
Max.
95.330
190.70
381.30
953.17
1.9013
4.7752
9.5511
19.153
47.532
95.492
190.95
205.30
747.35
476.21
0.0031
0.0033
0.0119
0.0076
0.010
0.0208
0.0301
0.0523
0.0673
0.1019
0.1740
0.2106
Stainless Steel Syringes
Only Harvard’s stainless steel syringes
can be used with this pump. They can
withstand high pressure applications and
provide years of service.
11.231
21.781
31.486
54.804
70.518
106.76
182.40
220.82
Flow Rates for PHD 2000 HVP (High
Volume and Pressure)
Rates listed are for single syringe
Syringe Size
Minimum
Maximum
20 ml
1.5 µ l/hr
20 ml/min
50 ml
3.4 µ l/hr
46 ml/min
100 ml
5.0 µ l/hr
68 ml/min
200 ml
8.2 µ l/hr
112 ml/min
Appendix D: PHD 2000 to PC Connection
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
49
Figure 13. PHD 2000 to PC Connection
Appendix E: TTL Connector Specs
TTL Connections are via a 9 pin
D-sub type connector. All inputs
are internally pulled up to a logic
high.
Pin Assignments
1. Vss (Ground Reference,
logic low)
Falling edge starts/stops
pump
2. Valve Control Output:
Low – Infusing
High – Refilling
3. Running Output Indicator
Low - Pumped stopped
High - Pump running
4.
5.
6.
7.
Figure 15. TTL Connector Specifications
Programmable Output
Logic High Reference (5V, 400 µA)
Foot Switch Input
Timer Input
Rising edge starts pump
Falling edge stops pump
8. Directional Control Input
Rising edge sets pump to infuse
Falling edge sets pump to refill
9. Event Input
Falling edge triggers program
event
Logic Low:
0 V – 0.5 V
Max. 2 mA current sink
Logic High: 2 V – 5 V
Max. 400 µA current source
Appendix F: RS-232 Specifications
50
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
Pump Chain
Pump Port 1 – Computer control side
Pump Port 2 – Connection for remainder
of pump chain
Baud Rate – 1200, 2400, 9600 or 19,200
Word Size – 8
Parity – none
Stop Bits – 2
Scale
Connect scale to Pump Port 1
Supported scales:
Mettler
Baud Rate – 2400
Word Size – 7
Parity – even
Stop Bits – 1
Pause – 0
Sartorius
Baud Rate – 2400
Word Size – 7
Parity – even
Stop Bits – 1
Code Settings:
311 – Weigh only (models with PLUS
performance package)
211 – External print command without stability
225 – 2400 baud
234 – Even Parity
432 – Beeper off
Figure 14. RS-232 Specifications
Ohaus
Baud Rate – 2400
Word Size – 8
Parity – even
Stop Bits – 1
Auto print feature – off
Stable data only – off
Serial data frame selection – Fr.7
Printer
Serial printer with print buffer:
Baud Rate – 2400
Word Size – 8
Parity – none
Stop Bits – 2
Appendix G: Maintenance & Troubleshooting
51
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
Maintenance
PHD 2000 series pumps require no special maintenance other than keeping them
clean by avoiding accidental spills of pumped material.
The two guide rods and the lead screw should be sparingly lubricated periodically.The
guide rods and the lead screw should be lubricated with Magnalube-G R grease
(Catalog #0606-086) provided with the pump.
Solvents of any type should never be used to clean the pump. A mild detergent solution may be used to clean the keypad.
Troubleshooting
Infusion Accuracy
To ensure infusion accuracy always use new syringe(s) and measure syringe bore
diameter and enter actual dimensions in millimeters (mm). Additionally make sure
that the guide rods and lead screw are properly lubricated.
RS-232 Difficulties
Verify that the baud rates and data framing parameters on all devices are the same.
With the pump chain, a “Communication timeout” error on a computer is usually
caused by the computer errantly handshaking on the RTS, CTS and DSR lines.
Verify pins 4, 5 and 6, on the 25 pin connector, are jumped on the computer side
of the cable.
PHD 2000 Display Messages
Pump Stalled
This indicates that the pusher block travel has been impeded. This may be caused
by the syringe plunger hitting bottom, a kink in the tubing, syringe plunger binding or any situation requiring more force to the head of the syringe than the pump
is capable of delivering. To restart the pump, remove the cause of stalling and press
RUN. The pump will continue the interrupted procedure where it stopped. Also
note, a large increase in the pumping rate could also stall the motor.
Out of Range
A value was entered or encountered in a pump program that was beyond the
pump’s limits. Also, verify that the Infuse Rate is not 0. Note that rates must be less
than 42949. Express larger rates using different units.
EEPROM Data Lost
The values stored in the non-volatile memory have been lost. This should never
occur under normal operation.
Replace NOVRAM
The non-volatile memory has failed. This should never occur under normal operation.
Appendix H: Accessories & Spare Parts
52
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
Auto Fill Accessory
To operate the Auto Fill feature, either the low pressure or high pressure valve assembly is required. Each assembly contains the solenoid valve, connector cable, power
cable, and tubing and fittings to connect to the syringe. Operates at 115/230 VAC,
50/60 Hz via a selector switch.
Catalog No.
Description
Accessories
55-7760
Daisy-Chain Cable
70-2022
Daisy-Chain Connector, 9 PIN
55-4145
Daisy-Chain Connector, 25 PIN
55-4144
Foot Switch
55-1146
‘Auto Fill’ Valve Box–Regular Pressure – to 25 psi
55-1145
‘Auto Fill’ Valve Box–High Pressure – 200 psi
59-7357
Manual Liquid Switch
59-7358
Automatic Liquid Switch–115 VAC, 60 Hz
59-7359
Automatic Liquid Switch–230 VAC, 50 Hz
59-7356
Replacement Tubing Connection Kit
59-7355
Replacement Reducing Adapters
61-0270
Continuous Flow Tube Segment**
72-0199
Remote Extension Cable, 1.5 m (5 ft)*
72-1405
Remote Ext. Cable, 9.1 m (30 ft)*
70-2022
PHD 2000 RS-232 Adapter, 9-pin to standard phone jack*
SS Syringe, 200 ml, with 1/16 inch Swagelok®*
55-4202
55-4213
SS Syringe, 200 ml, with 1/8 inch SWAGELOK®*
SS Syringe, 200 ml, with 1/4 inch SWAGELOK®*
55-4217
SS Syringe, 200 ml, with Luer Lock*
55-4208
* For PHD 2000 HVP Remote Syringe Pump
** For PHD 2000 Push/Pull Syringe Pump
Spare Parts
0606-086
Magnalube Lead Screw Lubricant
2400-243
Syringe Clamp
5012-005
3/32 Hex Key
5091-030
Syringe Retainer Knob
5100-055
T Knob - Withdraw and Anti-Siphon Bracket
5153-209
Power Cord
5400-001
PHD2000 Operators Manual
Appendix I: Kits and Upgrades
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
53
Catalog No.
Description
Kits
70-2012
PHD 2000 6/10 Multirack Upgrade Kit
70-2013
PHD 2000 4 x 140ml Multirack Upgrade Kit
70-2014
PHD 2000 Microliter Rack Upgrade Kit
70-2015
PHD 2000 Anti-Siphon Kit (for Infusion Pump)
Upgrades
70-2016
PHD 2000 Infusion to Infuse/Withdraw*
70-2017
PHD 2000 Infuse/Withdraw to Programmable*
70-2018
PHD 2000 Infusion to Programmable*
*Factory Installed Only
Appendix J: Custom Applications
Harvard Apparatus PHD 2000 Syringe Pump Series User's Manual
54
The Harvard PHD 2000 Syringe Pumps lend themselves to a multitude of OEM industrial applications. For all types of custom pumping or pilot plant applications, the
pump’s programming capabilities can be enhanced. Please contact the Harvard
Development Group if we can be of help.
Appendix K: Symphony
Symphony, the Windows® Pump Manager software, allows you to control your PHD
2000 pump from your remote computer.With Symphony,you can orchestrate all pump
functions from a virtual control panel via the serial communications link built into
every PHD 2000 pump.
Catalog Number Product
70-3000
Symphony — The Windows™ Pump Manager
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