Aviation OLF helideckmanual_010911_en

Aviation OLF helideckmanual_010911_en
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Changes in this edition:
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2.13 helideck Report.
max. period of validity, extended text
3.1.12 Marking of closed helideck.
new
5.6 Specific weight measuring.
New second last sentence; If an electronic……
6.5 Flights to installations that are normally unmanned.
reworked
Enclosure B.
New layout, adjusted zone at cargo bays
Enclosure F5.
removed S-76, new AW139
Enclosure I.
change cloudbase from helideck to sea level
Enclosure F1
new info cargobay EC225
Enclosure M Helideck Report.
Renamed to Helideck Report “OLF ver1” and attached as separate writable PDF
form. Updated content.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
General .............................................................................................................................5
Purpose and scope............................................................................................................5
Responsibilities..................................................................................................................5
Approval ............................................................................................................................5
Distribution and Amendments ...........................................................................................5
References ........................................................................................................................5
Definitions ..........................................................................................................................6
2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
2.10
2.11
2.12
2.13
2.14
2.15
Responsibilities, requirements and operational regulations ......................................8
Responsibility ....................................................................................................................8
Approval of mobile and fixed installations .........................................................................8
Inspection ..........................................................................................................................8
Supervision ........................................................................................................................8
Maintenance programme...................................................................................................8
Audits.................................................................................................................................8
Training of helideck crews .................................................................................................8
Experience.........................................................................................................................9
Physical fitness ..................................................................................................................9
Special responsibilities and duties for the leader of the helicopter deck (HLO) ................9
Clothing and protective equipment for the helideck crew ................................................10
Manning the helicopter deck............................................................................................11
Helideck report ................................................................................................................11
Helideck Monitoring Systems ..........................................................................................15
Reporting of incidents ......................................................................................................15
3
3.1
3.2
3.3
Helicopter deck and equipment parts .........................................................................16
The helicopter deck in general ........................................................................................16
Safety equipment.............................................................................................................19
Fire fighting equipment ....................................................................................................21
4
4.1
4.2
4.3
Operations......................................................................................................................24
Operating on the helicopter deck.....................................................................................24
Cargo in the helicopter ....................................................................................................25
Communications ..............................................................................................................27
5
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
5.10
5.11
5.12
5.13
Aviation fuel Introduction .............................................................................................30
General ............................................................................................................................30
Purpose ...........................................................................................................................30
Personnel duties ..............................................................................................................30
Sampling and controls .....................................................................................................30
Testing and controls ........................................................................................................31
Specific weight measuring (density measuring) ..............................................................35
Basic requirements for laboratory samples .....................................................................36
Hoses for aviation fuel – approval and control ................................................................37
Pressure connectors........................................................................................................38
Filling nozzles ..................................................................................................................38
Receiving fuel and checking the delivery ........................................................................38
Fuel delivery/refueling .....................................................................................................41
Review over required documentation ..............................................................................42
6
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
Special procedures and operations .............................................................................44
Emergency situations ......................................................................................................44
Helicopter deck “Safedeck” .............................................................................................47
Embarking/disembarking from the helicopter in strong wind ...........................................47
Refuelling in strong winds ................................................................................................48
Flights to installations that are normally unmanned ........................................................48
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7
Company Specific Procedures .....................................................................................50
8
Enclosures .....................................................................................................................50
A
hand signals
B
helicopter danger zones
C
helifuel forms
D
phraseology
E
emergency training
F1 SuperPuma AS332 & EC225
F2 CHC-HS Sikorsky S-92
F3 NOR Sikorsky S-92
F4 Eurocopter EC155
F5 AgustaWestland AW139
F6 Westland SeaKing
F7 Agusta A109E
G
take off and landing
H
helicopter shut down
I
guidance to radio communications
J
offshore refuelling systems
K
hot refuelling
L
standard helideck monitoring systems
M
reporting form ground occurrences
Helideck report form. See separate PDF attachment!
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1
General
This manual describes procedures and guidelines for personnel working on helicopter
decks (helideck crew) on petroleum installations on the continental shelf.
The manual is the document to which the helideck crew shall relate unless the
situation requires an exemption for safety reasons.
The manual has been developed as a joint project between OLF and the helicopter
operating companies CHC Helikopterservice A/S and Bristow Norway A/S.
Chapters 1 – 6 describe common procedures and guidelines based on requirements
from the authorities and accepted industrial standards.
Chapter 7 covers specific requirements relating to installations and companies.
1.1
Purpose and scope
The purpose of the manual is to describe the areas of responsibility on the helideck,
requirements to the helideck crew and their equipment, and to determine how
activities and tasks are managed and conducted so that operations on the helideck
are executed in a safe and proper manner.
The manual is intended to contribute to the safe conduct of helicopter operations on
the Norwegian shelf by ensuring uniform standards and behaviour.
1.2
Responsibilities
OLF is the owner of this document and is responsible for either updating or revoking
the document should organisational or operational conditions so require.
OLF’s Expert Group on Aviation matters, in cooperation with the helicopter operators
on the Norwegian shelf, are to assume this responsibility.
1.3
Approval
The document has been approved by the Committee for Development and
Operations, and has been verified by CHC Helikopterservice A/S and Bristow Norway
A/S.
1.4
Distribution and Amendments
The document is included in OLF’s set of regulations, and is available via OLF’s
home page on the Internet ( http://www.olf.no ).
The latest amendment dates will be published here.
OLF member companies will be notified in writing of any amendments.
The operating companies internal distribution lists are shown in Chapter 7.
1.5
References
The following documents are relevant for the contents of this manual:
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The Civil Aviation Authority: Regulations for Civil Aviation;
 BSL D 1 – 7 Regulations relating to the transport of cargo by civil aircraft
(http://www.lovdata.no/cgi-wift/ldles?doc=/sf/sf/sf-20030111-0041.html)
 BSL D 5 – 1 (Regulations pertaining to aviation on the continental shelf)
(http://www.lovdata.no/cgi-wift/ldles?doc=/sf/sf/sf-20071026-1181.html)
 BSL A 1-3(forskrift om varslingsplikt ifm. luftfart.
( http://www.lovdata.no/cgi-wift/ldles?doc=/sf/sf/sf-20061208-1393.html )
The Maritime Directorate
 Regulations of 22 December 1993 no. 1240 relating to helicopter decks on
mobile installations. (http://www.lovdata.no/cgi-wift/ldles?doc=/sf/sf/sf20080115-0072.html )
The Petroleum Safety Authority Norway ; the Facility Regulation §70, including the
guidelines to the regulations.
ICAO – TI Restricted Articles List.
Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA), Joint Aviation Requirements - JAR OPS 3,
Commercial Air transportation (Helicopters).
OLF Guideline 074 - Recommended guidelines for helideck crew, chapter 9: Helideck
crew and competence.
1.6
Definitions
 luggage free cabin, passengers are not allowed to carry hand luggage with them
onboard the helicopter, exemptions are reading matters/magazines/newspapers.
 anti collision lights, powerful rotating lights above and below the helicopter
fuselage.
 fire guard, operates the fire fighting equipment on the helideck and assists the
heliguard with the loading and unloading of passengers and cargo from the
helicopter.
 drainage samples (fuel), samples taken from the lowest point of the tank or from the
filter housing.
 specific weight measuring ( of Jet A – 1), measuring the specific weight (density)
of the fuel. To be conducted when receiving fuel offshore. The specific weight is
checked by using a hydrometer and a thermometer.
 free approach and departure sector, within the 210 degree approach and
departure sector there must be no obstacles, neither on nor in the immediate vicinity,
that reach above the level of the helideck.
 filling nozzle, arrangement on the refuelling hose at the end nearest to the
helicopter, used for gravity refuelling of the helicopter.
 helideck crew, consists of a minimum of three persons, HLO, heliguard and
fireguard.
 HFIS. Helicopter Flight Information Service.
 heliguard, responsible for the embarkation and disembarkation of passengers and
cargo, and assisting the fireguard and the HLO in emergency situations.
 HLO (helicopter landing officer) supervises the heliguard and the fireguard.
 winching area, a pre-defined area which, in situations where the helideck is closed,
is suitable for winching patients and personnel up to a rescue helicopter.
 chocks/wheel chocks, blocks which are placed in front of and behind the wheels on
both sides of the helicopter.
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 cabin cargo, as a general rule, when transporting passengers, cargo shall not be
transported in the helicopter’s cabin. Exemptions may be made for priority cargo.
 manifest, an official document stating the names of the passengers, their employers,
the weight of the passengers and their luggage, the weight of the cargo and the
destination.
 night conditions, when the sun is more than 6 degrees below the horizon.
 Jet A – 1, jet turbine fuel used by aircraft.
 clear and bright (Jet A – 1), the expression is independent of the fuel’s natural
colouring. Clear states that no sediments or emulsions are present. Shiny refers to
the clear shiny look of completely clean fuel.
 earthing point, point on the helicopter for attaching the anti static wire. The
helicopter, the supply cabinet, refuelling and pressure refuelling connectors must all
be wired to electrical conductors during refuelling to eliminate any differences in
current between the units.
 particles (in fuel) , consist mainly of small pieces of rust, sand, dust or deposits from
hoses and equipment.
 rotor disc, the area covered by the main rotor.
 Shell water detector test, the “Shell Water Detector” has been developed for those
borderline cases where the human eye cannot be trusted. The test is a positive
indication of finely divided water at concentrations of 30 parts per million or lower (30
ppm) The detector consists of an unbreakable 5 ml syringe and a plastic detection
capsule containing water sensitive paper.
 safety zone (for helideck crews during landing, take off, shutting down and starting
up the helicopter), by the stairways to/from the helideck (not on installations not
having stairways).
 safety zone (for embarking and disembarking passengers), all movement of
personnel shall primarily take place at a 90 degree angle from the main axis of the
helicopter and thereafter outside the rotor disc. Passengers waiting to embark shall
follow the instructions given by the crew of the helideck (in an area where there is a
low risk of injury should there be a helicopter accident on the helideck).
 safe rotor zone, an area where there is no risk of contact with either the main rotor
(low), or the tail rotor.
 safe zone with eye contact with the pilot, an area in the vicinity of the nose of the
helicopter, limited to the rear by eye contact with the pilot and taking into
consideration a full view of the helideck, and where there is no risk of contact with
the main rotor.
 end of hose sample, sample taken from the end of the delivery hose through the
filling nozzle.
 satisfactory result (fuel sample), the fuel has the correct colour, is visually clear
and transparent, free from particles and dissolved water at normal temperatures.
 pressure fuel connector, arrangement at the end of the filling hose nearest to the
helicopter.
 Fire protective clothing, clothing used to protect response crews from heat and
other stresses during fire/smoke diving situations. Exempted from this definition is the
protection of head, hands and feet that is regulated through separate NS-EN
standards.
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2
Responsibilities, requirements and operational
regulations
The authorities place minimum requirements regarding helicopter decks, equipment
and personnel. These may be found in BSL D 5 – 1. Some extracts from the BSL are
quoted here.
2.1
Responsibility
The operator of an installation is responsible for ensuring that the installation’s
helideck, refuelling plant and competence meet current requirements.
2.2
Approval of mobile and fixed installations
Prior to initial use on the Norwegian Continental Shelf, an installation's helideck and
refuelling plant must be approved by relevant authorities and the helicopter
company(s) operating on the installation. For permanent installations the relevant
authorities are The Petroleum Safety Authority Norway and the Norwegian Civil
Aviation Authority.
For mobile installations the relevant authorities are the flag state, alternatively the
Norwegian Maritime Directorate, assisted by the Norwegian Civil Aviation Authority.
Reference is made to chapter 3.
2.3
Inspection
The operator of an installation is responsible for routine inspections of the helideck
and refuelling plant.
2.4
Supervision
The operating company is responsible for supervision relating to helicopter activities
on the installation such as the helideck, the refuelling plant, the helideck crew, the
radio operator/person responsible for communications, radio and navigational
equipment etc. Such supervision is in addition to the installation’s routine for
maintenance and inspection.
2.5
Maintenance programme
A maintenance programme for the helideck, its’ equipment and refuelling plant (if
installed) is to be established and maintained.
2.6
Audits
The helicopter company and the The Petroleum Safety Authority Norway, with
professional support from the Civil Aviation Authorities will carry out periodical audits
on the operator’s systems/installation.
2.7
Training of helideck crews
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Basic and refresher training for helideck crew is to be carried out in accordance with
the OLF curriculum. The courses are titled HLO Basic Course and HLO Refresher
Course.
The HLO Refresher Course must be taken within 24 months after the last HLO
Basic/Refresher course.
Refresher training on the installation should be carried out at least every 14 days for
all helideck crews. During this training special emphasis should be placed on fire and
damage control. See Enclosure E. for examples of such a training programme.
All basic and refresher training must be documented!
2.8
Experience
Helicopter deck crew members who have only recently completed their basic training
shall participate in a minimum of 20 helicopter landings and take offs under the
guidance of an experienced HLO before being fully qualified to stand independent
duty and becoming part of the minimum manning of the helicopter deck. Such training
should be conducted on an installation with heavy helicopter traffic. Reference is made
to ”OLF guidelines #074 para.9, Helidekkbemanning og kompetanse” (Norwegian
only).
Personnel who have completed their training in accordance with item 2.7, but who
have not acted in that position during the past two years, shall have a thorough
introduction to the helideck and refuelling plant in question under the guidance of the
HLO.
Personnel who have not acted in a position on the helideck during the past four years
must retake the basic HLO training course.
Personnel who are to act as HLO should have held a regular position as heliguard
and/or fireguard for a minimum of one year before being allowed to fill the position as
HLO. The installation should furthermore facilitate education and training for the new
tasks he/she will face as HLO.
2.9
Physical fitness
Helideck crews must meet the same physical fitness requirements as those
applicable to response personnel participating in search and rescue teams. This
includes documented knowledge in the use of smoke diving apparatus.
2.10
Special responsibilities and duties for the leader of the
helicopter deck (HLO)
It is the duty of the HLO to supervise and run day to day operations on the helideck
during helicopter visits, including updating the installation manager in writing at
regular intervals regarding the status of the helideck, equipment and services. He
shall i.a. ensure that:
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necessary steps are taken to deny unauthorised persons access to the helicopter
deck prior to take off and landing.
the deck is cleared of loose objects, snow and ice, inflammable substances etc.
necessary personnel are present and at a state of readiness.
the helideck crew has been briefed on any special conditions prior to the arrival of
the helicopter, specially on the arrival of unfamiliar types of helicopter or in the
event of special operations.
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all equipment and instruments are in place and in full working order.
all crane operations in the vicinity of the landing area have been stopped and the
cranes are correctly positioned in relationship to the free approach and departure
sectors.
passengers are held in the safe zone during landing/take off and that they are
given guidance during disembarkation and embarkation.
passengers are wearing on their survival suits in a proper manner.
passengers have fastened their safety belts.
Before landing the HLO shall maintain contact with the helicopter pilot and inform
whether the deck is clear for landing.
The HLO shall immediately report any form of deviation on the helicopter deck to his
immediate superior/installation manager, so that the helicopter operator may be
informed of the situation.
The HLO shall be positioned to be able to observe as best as possible, and closely
monitor, landing and take off. The HLO shall immediately inform the pilot via radio or
visually if any abnormal situation occurs. The threshold using the radio should be low
and with no demands regarding phraseology or language. Warning should though
preferably be given in English if this can be achieved without time loss.
2.11
Clothing and protective equipment for the helideck crew
All persons who are part of the helideck crew during take off and landing shall each
have immediate access to one set of equipment consisting of:
Norwegian Standard/European Norm:
NS-EN 469
NS-EN 659
NS-EN 443
EN 15090
EN 533
EN 137
Protective clothing for fire fighting
Protective gloves for fire fighting
Helmets for fire fighting
Boots for firemen (alternative old standard NS-EN 345-2 Safety shoes
for occupational use)
Balaclava helmet
Smoke diving equipment (a minimum of two (2) sets for
distribution)
When the equipment is not in use it shall be stored in a separate locker, ready for
rapid donning, in the immediate vicinity of the helideck. The locker must be painted
red and marked:
“Brannbeskyttelse” and “Fire Protection”.
In addition to the required numbers/sets of fire protection equipment, the locker must
also contain:
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two lifelines with a minimum length of 30 m
fire inhibiting blankets
The member of the helideck crew who is stationed at the foam cannon shall wear all
the fire protection gear described above, apart from the smoke diving equipment.
During take-off and landing, when there is reason to believe that a hazardous
situation may arise on the helideck, all persons who make up the helideck crew must
wear fire protection gear.
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Coverall used for work on the helideck must meet the requirements for fire safety
according to EN 531.
The HLO shall clearly be marked front and back with the letters HLO, or by an
armband, so as to be easily identifiable by the helicopter crew.
2.12
Manning the helicopter deck
The helicopter deck shall be manned by minimum three persons:
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HLO (In charge of the helicopter deck)
Heliguard
Fireguard
These are nominated as the Helideck Crew.
They must be able to document that they have completed their familiarization in the
use of the helicopter deck’s fire fighting equipment, including the training stipulated in
Chapter 2.7.
During take off and landing at least one person, dressed in fire protection clothing as
stated in Chapter 2.11, shall be stationed at the remote control unit for the helideck’s
foam cannon or at the most practical foam cannon to be used in the prevailing
weather conditions.
During refuelling with the engine running the helideck crew shall consist of (Refer also
to Chapter 5.12.6 and enclosure K):
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The operator of the refuelling plant
The operator of the pistol grip nozzle
The fireguard
The HLO may be one of the three persons. The fireguard shall be dressed as
described for take off and landing.
When required additional personnel without training and/or experience could be
utilised on the helideck. Such personnel must be briefed by the HLO and be under
constant supervision during helicopteroperations.
2.13
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Helideck report
Not later than one hour before planned helicopter departure from base the offshore
installation shall give the helicopter operator updated information regarding the status
of the helideck and flying conditions.
The information shall be given on a separate form, see separate PDF enclosure:
Helideck Report Form OLF v1.(See separate enclosure to the manual by choosing
“attachements” in upper left corner)
The report is valid maximum 6 hours on condition there are no changes in the
information.
The helideck report shall be forwarded in pdf. format as attachment to an E-mail.
The subject field in the E-mail shall be filled in as follows:
<Name of Installation, “Helideck Report” Date, Flight number>
Example:
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“Troll A, Helideck Report 13.08.10”
or “Aasgard B, Helideck Report 13.08.10, HKS477”
Send the completed form via E-mail to the relevant helicopter operator:
 Bristow Norway: [email protected]
 CHC Helikopter Service: [email protected]
NB! These e-mail addresses are for receiving helideck reports only and will not be monitored
for other requests.
2.13.1 Filling in the form
The form is self-explanatory, but rolling the pointer above a writable field then additional
information will show up. Items that need further explanations are detailed in the below
paragraphs.
Dynamic positioning
Cross “YES” or “NO” to indicate if the vessel is positioned dynamically (DP).
If DP system is active: ”YES”.
If inactive, moored, anchored, free floating with or without steering speed or fixed installation:
“NO”.
Accurate monitoring equipment (HMS system):
If a moving helideck (ie. not a fixed platform) and HMS system operative: Cross
“YES”.
If no operational HMS system or fixed platform: Cross “NO”.
Log info
Logistics data have to filled in if this information are not reported separately in accordance
with local arrangement.
Return load may not be available when this form is forwarded to the helicopter operator.
However, if the information is available or even only partially available (i.e. number of
passengers) it can be useful to the pilots for fuel planning purposes etc. The pilots will
confirm information in this section upon arrival.
In case of multiple landings the ROUTING fields can be used to indicate routing including
exchange of passengers. i.e.: 1: XXA -8 /+9, 2: XXB -9 /+11.
NOTE: An information update of relevant weather, movements and log info (i.e. return load)
for the installation shall be submitted to the arriving helicopter upon initial radio contact. (See
also enclosure I Radio-communications)
Helideck nonconformities
Any helideck nonconformities shall always be filled into the form.
Examples: ships within the 500 meter zone, non-conformities of helideck equipment,
temporary objects close to the obstruction free zones, deviation from standard helideck
procedures, flaring of gas, other info which may be useful to the pilots.
Weather observation
All weather information shall be filled into the form, but some exceptions as per local
procedures:
If the installation is covered by HFIS services the “QNH” and the “cloudbase” field might be
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omitted.
If the installation is covered by local METAR services the ”cloudbase” field might be omitted
writing “see metar” in the field.
Wind
Wind direction shall be stated in degrees relative to magnetic North and Wind velocity
(speed) in knots.
Other relevant weather info:
Fill in additional relevant weather information that is not presented elsewhere in this section.
I.e. fog banks, variable winds, resent rain-/snow showers, thunderstorm activity, lightning,
variable visibility in different directions etc.
Sea spray observed over the helideck
Check Yes or No if there has been / has not been observed/reported sea spray over the
helideck. This can be difficult to determine, but in regard to incidents of sea spray causing
engine flame out. The helicopter operator does require observed/reported sea spray to be
reported.
HELIDECK MOVEMENT
Max pitch UP/DOWN with reference to horizon:
The largest pitch movement up/down over the last 20 minutes measured in degrees with
reference to the horizon.
Max roll Starboard/Port with reference to horizon:
The largest roll movement starboard/port, over the last 20 minutes, measured in degrees
with reference to the horizon.
Max Helideck Inclination:
The largest measured helideck inclination, over the last 20 minutes, measured in degrees
with reference to the horizon.
Max heave (top to bottom):
The maximum heave (total vertical movement) of the helideck is the maximum top to bottom
value in one cycle (one movement curve) over the past 20 minutes.
Heave period:
The time in seconds between tops of two waves. If measurement equipment is not available
the pilots will use a standard heave period of 10 seconds for manual calculations of average
heave rate.
Max Heave rate (expression for Max Average Heave rate):
Shall be entered if measurement equipment for this purpose is available. Heave rate shall be
reported as the highest value (average heave rate meaning average speed from top to
bottom or bottom to top of a wave) measured over the last 20 minutes. If measurement
equipment in not available, the column should not be filled in. The pilots will calculate
average heave rate manually by dividing maximum total heave (measured over the last 10
min.) by half the motion period (heave period).
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2.14
Helideck Monitoring Systems
Unstable Helidecks
The helicopter Companies and CAA-N have set requirements to all installations and
vessels with unstable helidecks that a system which can measure Pitch, Roll,
Helideck Inclination and Heave Rate must be installed.
Definition
The definition of an unstable helideck is in this context a helideck mounted on ships,
floating production units, semi submersible rigs, jack up rigs when they are
floating/moving and other helidecks that are moving. These are all defined as
unstable if pitch and roll movements exceeds 1 degree to either side from the
horizontal plane, and if the vertical movement of the helideck exceeds 2 meters.
Measuring equipment for unstable helidecks (Helideck Monitoring System)
The Helicopter Companies have developed a Standard that covers this requirement.
This standard represents the minimum requirements to measuring equipment for
operations to an unstable helideck.
See enclosure L: Standard Helideck Monitoring Systems.
2.15
Reporting of incidents
Reporting of ground incidents on the helideck
In accordance with CAA-N’s new reporting requirements all relevant incidents on the
helideck shall be reported to the CAA-N within 72 hours.
The form attached to OLF Helideck Manual (enclosure M) describes types of
reportable incidents, and shall be used in addition to any internal reporting
procedures.
The report shall be filled out as soon as possible and sent to the Operations Centre of
the Helicopter Company involved in the incident. They will enter the report into their
reporting system and forward the the report to CAA-N.
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3
Helicopter deck and equipment parts
The contents of this section are of an informative nature and describe:


The helicopter deck in general
Equipment parts and guidelines on helicopter safety and their relationship to rules
and regulations.
The authorities place minimum requirements on helidecks, equipment and personnel.
These are to be found in BSL D 5-1. The following items are mainly extracts of the
most important regulations in this BSL.
3.1
The helicopter deck in general
3.1.1
Obstacles in the approach and departure sectors
In the 210 approach and departure sectors and in the immediate vicinity of the deck
there shall be no obstacle that rises above the level of the helideck. Exempted are:

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

3.1.2
The safety perimeter.
Perimeter lights and floodlights no higher than 25 cm above the level of the
helideck.
The outer edges of the safety net.
Individual obstacles required for operating the helicopter deck (railings, stairs,
foam cannon, perimeter lights) that do not rise more than 25 cm above the level
of the helideck.
Friction
The surface of the helideck shall be treated with a material that prevents the
helicopter from sliding (non-skid).
With the rope net in place the helicopter deck shall have a friction coefficient of at
least 0.40 or higher, also when the deck is damp or wet.
Without the rope net the friction coefficient shall be at least 0.65 (see item
3.1.3.below).
3.1.3
Rope net
The helicopter deck shall be fitted with a rope net.
The size of the net is determined by the size of the largest helicopter that is used.
Such a net is normally dimensioned for a large helicopter, the minimum size being 15
x 15 metres.
The meshes in the net shall be so dimensioned that they do not snag the helicopter’s
undercarriage.
The rope net must be fastened every 1.5 metre. To ensure that the rope net is kept
sufficiently taut, at least 50% of the fastening points shall be fitted with tightening
mechanisms. The net shall be so taut that it cannot be lifted more than maximum 25
cm clear of the surface.
A rope net is not required on installations where the surface of the helicopter deck
consists of single profiles with special friction arrangements (“safe-deck”).
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The requirement for rope netting on non-movable helidecks may be deviated from,
provided that the deck is suitably constructed and there is a system in place to
ensure that the helicopter can not skid, and that the friction coefficient is at least 0.65.
The requirement for rope netting can not be deviated from if there is snow or ice on
the helideck.
3.1.4
Visual aids
The term visual aids means windsock, markings and illumination of the helideck.
3.1.5
Windsock
The windsock must be:




3.1.6
Easily visible
Mounted in an area minimally affected by turbulence from surrounding
constructions.
Single coloured (orange) or dual coloured orange/white, red/white or black/white,
conically formed and of sufficient size. (Standard size: inner diam. 60 cm, outer
diam. 30 cm, length 2.4 m)
Illuminated during night flying.
Identification
The helicopter deck shall be marked with the name of the installation clearly visible
from all approach directions above the level of the helicopter deck.
3.1.7
Lighting
Helicopter decks that are to be used for night flying and/or in conditions with reduced
visibility must:
Have a satisfactory shielded floodlighting arrangement so that the pilots cannot be
dazzled during the approach and landing phase. The floodlights are to be used at the
request of the pilot.
Be marked with perimeter lighting consisting of green lamps equally spaced at a
interval of not more than 3 metres
The perimeter lighting must not reach more than 25 cm above the level of the
helideck.
The floodlighting and the perimeter lighting must be connected to the
installations/plants emergency power supply and switchover time must, in the event
of a failure of the main power supply, be no more than 10 seconds.
The highest point of the derrick, crane booms and cabins or any other obstacle that
represents a hazard to flying must be marked with red warning lights and be visible
from all positions. The derrick and crane booms must also be fitted with red lights at
levels for every third of the overall length calculated from the highest point of the
derrick/crane boom.
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At least one light at each level must be visible from all directions.
3.1.8
Operational equipment
The helicopter deck shall at all times maintain all the equipment that is required for
operations, such as:




3.1.9
Wheel chocks
Ropes for tying down a parked helicopter
Scales for weighing luggage/cargo (should be available on the installation)
Equipment for removing snow and ice.
Rescue equipment
The following rescue equipment should be found in the immediate vicinity of the
helicopter deck:
2 Fire axes
3 Non corrosive knives (for cutting seat belts).
2 Flashlights (Explosion proof)
1 Crowbar
1Wire cutter
1 Hacksaw w/spare blades
1 Hammer
1 Cutting chisel
1 Sheet metal shears
1 Bolt cutter
1 Jack for minimum lift of ½ tonne
The equipment must be stored so that it is readily available, visible and in a safe
place, preferably in a sealed locker or container. If the locker or container can be
locked with a key, the key must be placed behind a window of breakable material.
The locker or container shall be painted red and marked “Nødutstyr” and “Emergency
Equipment”.
One metal hook on a 3 m long metal handle, together with a light ladder of about 3 m
in length, shall be stored in a suitable place near the locker or container holding the
emergency equipment.
3.1.10 Communications equipment
Personnel who comprise the minimum manning requirement for the helicopter deck
shall be equipped with portable two way VHF radios capable of communicating with
the crew of the helicopter and the installation’s radio room.
3.1.11 Signs
Access routes to the helicopter deck shall be marked with clearly visible signs
prohibiting:

Presence on the deck during start and landing
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

Movement of personnel on the helicopter deck behind a parked helicopter with
the rotor engaged.
Exits steps from the helicopter deck shall be clearly marked with “EXIT”.
The text shall be visible in the dark.
3.1.12 Marking of closed Helideck
A helicopter will normally not land before a “deck clear” message is received from the
HLO, but in an emergency or by misunderstanding this can still happen. A helideck
that is not marked as closed is therefore assumed safe to land on, without any threat
to the helicopter or personnel on the ground. To ensure against this the helideck shall
be marked as closed if a landing will give unacceptable consequences.
The Marking shall be used
• If the helideck is dangerous to land on, for example due to work in progress with
loose objects, weakened structure, obstacles like wires stretched above the
helideck ao. NB! Does not normally apply to crane operations because the crane
structure will be visible to the pilots.
• If landing will represent a danger to personnel on or near the helideck.
• If another installation with helideck is close by or longside, ie a flotel, and only one
of the helidecks is to be used.
NB! The marking shall not be used just because the helideck is not manned or due to
general equipment failures.
A temporary or permanently closed helideck shall be marked in accordance with an
internationally accepted standard with a yellow cross on red background. The
marking should be painted on the deck or by using a painted canvas laid out and
secured. The marking shall be placed over the "H" in the center of the helideck.
When the helicopter deck is marked closed the green perimeter lights shall be turned
off.
AMB / SAR helicopters will not land when the helideck is marked closed.
3.2
Safety equipment
This section describes in general terms the safety equipment available on the
installations. The type of equipment may vary from installation to installation. Special
information pertaining to a specific installation is included in the local operations
manuals.
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3.2.1
Alarm systems
It must be possible to activate the alarm system from the helicopter deck or its’
immediate vicinity.
The start button for the alarm system must be clearly marked.
3.2.2
Fire alarms and General alarms
Alarm buttons are located at the helicopter decks fire posts.
These are only to be used in emergency situations, including a fire in a helicopter or
on the helicopter deck.
3.2.3
Alarm systems (Fire Alarm Boxes, FAB's)
Boxes for activating the fire pumps are located near the helicopter deck.
Throwing the switches in these boxes will start the fire pump(s) and indicate in the
control room which fire alarm box has been activated.
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3.3
Fire fighting equipment
The authorities requirements relating to fire protection on the helicopter deck are to
be found in the Civil Aviation Authority’s,
the Maritime Directorate’s and the Petroleum Directorate’s regulations, See Chapter
1.5
The Helicopter Landing Officer (HLO) shall ensure that the fire fighting equipment is
always in good working order and ready for use.
Any deviation shall be reported to his/her immediate superior.
NOTE: The fire extinguishers system of the helideck must not be activated prior to
helicopter landing. Activation before completed landing could lead to loss of deck
references for the pilots.
3.3.1
Fire water system
A fire water system is compulsory.
3.3.1.1 Purpose and effect
By using water a fire may be controlled or extinguished in the following manner:
Water can act as a dilutor when converted to steam in the fire zone.
Steam reduces the oxygen content in the air current mixture by 1/3
Water absorbs heat when being converted to steam.
Water may be used for cooling surrounding areas so as to prevent the fire from
spreading or to improve access to the area of the fire.
3.3.1.2 Application
Water is the best extinguishing agent for fires in woodwork/paper/garbage and is
good for damping down fires following the use of hand held extinguishers.
3.3.1.3 Equipment
1.5” hoses are standard equipment for fire water/hosing down.
Foam equipment may alternatively be used with water only.
3.3.1.4 Use
Water used on an oil fire should be in the form of a fine spray.
Water must never be used on fires in electrical equipment before the power supply
has been shut off.
Water must be used in the form of a fine spray for cooling.
For most fires the water jet must be directed at the root of the flames
3.3.2
Foam systems
3.3.2.1 Purpose and effect
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By using foam a fire may be controlled and/or extinguished in one or more of the
following manners:
Foam acts as a “smothering agent”.
If used in sufficient amounts it reduces the oxygen supply by preventing the influx of
air.
Foam acts as a dilutor.
When forced into a fire zone foam is converted to steam and will, under certain
conditions, reduce the air current mixture by 1/3.
The process of converting foam to steam will absorb heat.
A sufficiently thick layer of foam will protect explosive materials that are exposed to
the fire by insulating and absorbing heat.
Fires involving inflammable liquids will be extinguished when covered by a thick
carpet of foam. The carpet must have the proper consistency and thickness and must
be maintained for a sufficient length of time.
3.3.2.2 Application
Foam must be applied in the largest possible amounts so as to cover the whole
surface of the fire.
Foam is suitable for all kinds of fire, apart from electrical fires.
3.3.2.3 Equipment
There are three types of cannon and three types of hose reels.
Exceptions may be found on some of the older helicopter decks where there are only
two cannon and two hose reels (only two fire posts).
Producing foam requires the mixing of the following three components in a turbulent
condition:



Water
Air
Foam concentrate.
This is usually achieved by injecting the concentrate under pressure into the water
flow.
The system will usually start to produce foam about 20 seconds after the start up of
the equipment.
3.3.2.4 Use
The fixed foam system is controlled from permanently installed fire fighting cabinets.
After using the foam system all piping must be thoroughly flushed with water to
remove any remaining foam solution.
Note that too much water will break down the foam.
3.3.3
Dry powder system
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3.3.3.1 Purpose and effect
The effect of the dry powder in very fine form:
The chain reaction of the fire is stopped by introducing into the atmosphere a large
number of finely powdered particles.
Remember: When extinguishing a fire by using dry powder, any evaporation through
the powder will present the possibility of re-ignition from hot metal, smouldering
insulation etc.
3.3.3.2 Application
Dry powder is effective against most fires, especially electrical fires, as it is nonconductive.
When used to extinguish a petrochemical fire, in most cases re-ignition will occur
unless the source of ignition is removed.
Foam must be used to prevent re-ignition.
3.3.3.3 Equipment
The equipment is of the gas cartridge propellant type.
The powder is propelled by internal overpressure.
Discharging a CO2 propellant cartridge located inside the extinguisher creates this
overpressure.
3.3.3.4 Use
The powder will normally start to flow within 15 seconds of activating the fixed
equipment
The units should be directed towards the base of the flames. If possible, from upwind.
Immediately after use all piping must be cleaned of any remaining powder.
This is to prevent powder /lumps that may later block the hose/piping.
3.3.4
Maintenance
All rescue and safety equipment shall be maintained in good working order and be
ready for use at all times. Maintenance, periodical testing and inspection must be
carried out in accordance with established procedures.
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4
Operations
This section of the manual describes operational limitations and the routine tasks of
the helideck crew during helicopter operations.
The step-by-step duty of each individual member of the helideck crew during take off
and landing is described in enclosure G, and for stop/start of rotors/engines in
enclosure H.
Operations related to the fuel plant and refuelling are described in Chapter 5 “Fuel
Control and Operations”.
Reference is also made to Chapter 6.4, “Refuelling in strong winds”.
4.1
Operating on the helicopter deck
4.1.1
The use of anti-collision lights as a signal to the helideck crew
After the helicopter has landed and is ready for unloading, the helicopters anticollision lights will be switched off.
This indicates that the helideck crew have permission to approach the helicopter in
order to carry out their tasks. See enclosure B Danger Zones.
Immediately before takeoff, or when the situation so requires, the pilot will switch on
the anti-collision lights.
This indicates that the helideck crew must immediately vacate the helideck. The HLO
will give the thumbs up signal when all personnel have left the helideck, and all
objects have been removed there from.
4.1.2
Use of wheel chocks
This procedure applies to all helicopters with a wheeled undercarriage during
operations on fixed installations, mobile rigs and vessels.
Standard hand signals must be used. (See Enclosure A)
Exempted from this procedure are helicopters in shuttle traffic where both pilots
remain in the cockpit. Wheel chocks may then be used at the pilot’s discretion.
.
4.1.3
Standard procedure




The wheel chocks must immediately be put in place as soon as the anti-collision
lights have been switched off.
The wheel chocks must be placed in front of and behind both main wheels.
Both pilots must remain in the cockpit until the wheel chocks are in place.
The wheel chocks are removed when both pilots have taken their respective
seats, and the pilot has signalled, “Remove wheel chocks”.
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4.2
Cargo in the helicopter
4.2.1
General
The restrictions described in this chapter apply to all types of helicopter.
The restrictions are supplementary to the authorities requirements (JAR OPS 3).
Personal luggage must not exceed 10 kg. per piece. Cargo that is sent by helicopter
should not weigh more than 15 kg per parcel. Heavier packages must be divided if
possible. Exemptions may be made for priority cargo. The cargo must then be
specially labelled (“heavy cargo” with the weight listed on each package) and the
installation/destination must be notified.
4.2.2
Passenger-/cargo manifest
Whenever passengers, luggage and/or cargo are transported by helicopter a
passenger/cargo manifest must be completed and accompany the helicopter.
When the passenger/cargo manifest has been completed it is considered to be an
official document and therefore subject to inspection.
The standard weight per passenger, including survival suit, is 211 lbs. (96 kg) for men
and 174 lbs. (79 kg) for women.
The weight of cargo/luggage comes in addition.
The manifest shall contain the following information:







The full name of the passenger
Employer
The weight of the passenger
The weight of the luggage (per person)
Weight of cargo/luggage
Description of the content in each package
Destination
When sending cargo from an installation to shore the HLO is responsible for checking
the manifest and ensuring that it accompanies the transmittal.
The HLO is responsible for checking that the number of passengers onboard
complies with the passenger manifest, and that the manifest is handed to the
helicopter crew.
In loading the Super Puma the pilot shall be informed of the total load in cargo
compartment 3.
4.2.3
Cargo and passengers together in the helicopter cabin
As a rule, when transporting passengers, cargo must not be placed in the helicopter
cabin.
When exempted the following shall apply:
 Only prioritized cargo
 Cargo shall not be blocking the cabindoors
 Cargo must not block the main exits from that part of the helicopter cabin where
the passengers are seated.
 Cargo must not be placed so that passengers do not have direct access to
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



4.2.4
alternative escape routes (push out windows). Passengers must not be placed in
seats where the adjacent “push out window” is blocked, or in a seat where cargo
hampers free access to the nearest such window.
Cargo must not be placed in the centre aisle. Exempted are pipes with a diameter
of up to 10 cm.
Cargo must not hamper access to emergency equipment.
Cargo must be secured in accordance with the authorities strictest requirements.
Cargo must primarily be placed in front of the passengers in the cabin.
Luggage free cabin
Passengers may not bring hand luggage with them into the helicopter cabin. All form
of bags/ briefcases/ portfolios etc. are considered to be hand luggage and
consequently prohibited. Reading matter/magazines/newspapers are exempted.
4.2.5
Transporting cargo in passenger seats
If cargo is to be placed in a passenger seat the following restrictions will apply:




4.2.6
Max. one package per seat with a maximum weight of 80 kg (NB! Single
packages weighing up to 15 kg may be transported accumulatively in a sack with
a total weight of no more than 80 kg.)
The sack’s exterior measurements must be less than the height and width of the
seat.
In addition to the seat belt, the cargo must always be secured by a strap, cargo
net or other approved means.
Cargo must not be placed in seats adjacent to the main emergency exits of the
helicopter.
Transportation of passengers and cargo
Transportation of passengers and cargo in helicopters requires, according to JAROPS 3.1220 (c), that the personnel involved in the operation has the necessary
awareness training in dangerous goods. This is to enable the personnel to recognize
dangerous goods in passenger luggage and also to identify/ recognize unmarked
cargo that could be Dangerous Goods.
Training requirements
The personnel categories requiring dangerous goods awareness training is:
 The person checking in the passengers, luggage and cargo that also makes
the passenger and cargo manifest.
 The HLO and the helideck personnel involved in loading and unloading of
passengers and cargo on the helicopters offshore
This training has to be performed every 24 months and requires a separate test.
Records of this have to be filed and maintained on board the vessel /installation for
each person.
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Dangerous Goods requirements
If a capacity of transportation of dangerous goods is required from an offshore
installation/vessel the IATA regulations require a full IATA Dangerous Goods course
for the nominated person accepting the cargo. This course has to be repeated every
24 months. Records of this have to be available on the vessel/installation.
If dangerous goods are to be transported in helicopters from offshore destinations
the installation/vessel has to have the following available:
 Nominated Person (Shipper and Packer)
 Latest version of IATA DGR Goods Regulations available
 Shippers declaration forms
 Checklists – Radioactive and None Radioactive
 NOTOC forms
 UN Specification packages
 Inner packages matching UN Spec. markings
 Limited Quantity Packages
 Absorbent and Cushioning material
 Dangerous Goods Labels
 Provision of spill kits
4.2.7
The transport of fish
In order to avoid corrosion and/or other damage to baggage, the following restrictions
will apply to the transport of fish:
 The fish must be packed in watertight containers, or,
 The fish must be frozen and packed in plastic or a similar material in such a
manner as to avoid damage in the event of thawing.
4.2.8
Personal Locator Beacon (PLB)
Flights where passengers are equipped with personal Locator Beacons (PLB) to be
left behind in the helicopter after the flight, the HLO is responsible for departing
passengers not taking their PLB's with them.
If any PLB's are left on the installation, information of this incident must be
communicated to the heliport which has the daily supervision of the PLB's.
4.3
Communications
This section of the manual contains procedures and guidelines for communication
between the helicopter deck crew and the helicopter pilots. See enclosure I for
guidance to radiocommunications.
4.3.1
Language
Normally all aeronautical communication is in English. It may, however, be more
practical to communicate in Norwegian if the English capabilities are limited and both
parties speak Norwegian.
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4.3.2
Responsibilities
The HLO will inform when the helideck is cleared for landing. He will also provide
safety related information, e.g. that the helideck may not be used due to an alarm,
that the undercarriage is not lowered, loose articles that may have struck the rotor, oil
or fuel leaks or faults with the helicopter (loose covers etc).
The HLO may not assume control of the air space or exercise air traffic control over
the helicopter traffic.
4.3.3
Establishing radio communications
Prior to establishing radio communications one should ensure that:



The correct radio frequency is being used.
Listen first so as not to interrupt ongoing communications.
Be aware of what one wants to say
If a radio station hears a call without being able to identify the call sign of the station
being called, it shall not answer until the call sign has been repeated and understood.
If a station receives a call without being able to make out the identity of the caller, the
following terminology shall be used:
“Station calling, this is Statfjord B HLO, say again your call sign”.
4.3.4
The call sign of the helicopter
The call sign of the helicopter may be the flight number of the helicopter in question
(e.g. Helibus 012) or the registration letters of the helicopter, usually abbreviated to
the first and the last two letters (e.g. LN-OMN = LMN).
4.3.5
Radio failure
Even though modern radio equipment is reliable, radio failure between the helicopter
and the helicopter deck crew cannot be excluded.
In practice, a suspected loss of contact will arise when a helicopter fails to respond
when called or if the frequency becomes silent.
In the event of a suspected radio failure, contact should be made with another
member of the helicopter deck crew or the radio operator so that the helicopter pilot
can receive information.
As an exception, hand signals may be used to indicate that the helicopter deck is
clear for landing. (Hand signal OK)
4.3.6
Phraseology
During radio communication between the helicopter and a ground station certain
words and expressions, known as phraseology, are used in order to ease
understanding. The most possible use of standard phraseology is recommended.
Enclosure D contains a list of standard English expressions with their Norwegian
equivalent.
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4.3.7
Frequencies
The information frequency for helicopter services is used for



Deck clearance
Wind direction and velocity
Any other information of importance to flight safety
Where two frequencies are in operation all other communication shall take place on
the Logistics frequency (on another radio).
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5
Aviation fuel Introduction
5.1
General
The contents of these guidelines cover the minimum requirements regarding the use of
equipment for supplying fuel to the helicopter. It is important that the helideck crew is
familiar with these guidelines, and the relevant safety requirements.
5.2
Purpose
This document contains operational guidelines and includes the control and handling
of the product aviation fuel Jet A – 1.
5.3
Personnel duties
It is the responsibility of each individual installation to establish a preventative
maintenance programme relating to the unit with regard to safety and environment,
and ensuring that such measures are in accordance with current regulations.
The most important duties for personnel involved in operating the units are to always
ensure that the correct fuel quality is delivered, that the product is free from water and
pollutant solids, and that refuelling is carried out in a safe, secure and efficient manner.
The HLO has the day to day supervision of the refuelling operations. He shall ensure
that all work is conducted in a safe manner and in accordance with the relevant
procedures and instructions. All inspections relating to operations shall be logged.
5.4
Sampling and controls
5.4.1
General
Jet A – 1 shall be subject to quality assurance controls from the refinery to
consumption. All quality assurance shall be controllable. This must be conducted in
accordance with the relevant guidelines.
All samples must be taken by competent personnel using proper procedures and
equipment. It is important that persons suffering from colour blindness do not carry out
water detector tests. This is to ensure that that samples that are taken give a correct
picture of the product being controlled. All sampling must be logged.
5.4.2
Water
Water in the fuel may be found in two forms:


As dispersed water, i.a. fine/small droplets that have separated from the fuel. The
dispersed water may be removed/separated from the fuel in the filter separator.
Any remaining water will be absorbed in the filter monitor.
As water molecules, i.a. loosely attached to the fuel molecules.
Water attached to the molecules in this manner cannot be removed by these
methods.
Even though it occurs in only minute quantities it is nevertheless of no little
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importance for the fuel.
Such fine dispersion may be generated during the water and the fuel’s path through a
pump or a micro filter.
A visual check will normally disclose dispersed water. However, experience has
shown that with the turbine fuels used by aircraft, there may be borderline cases
where the human eye cannot be trusted.
It is against this background that the “Shell Water Detector” has been developed.
This will give a positive indication of dispersed water with a concentration of 30 parts
per million (30 ppm). The capsules may also show a slight change in their
appearance in a concentration as low as 5 parts per million (5 ppm).
5.4.3
Visual controls
In order for the fuel samples to be accepted, the fuel must be of the correct colour,
visibly clear and transparent and free from particles and dispersed water at normal
temperatures.
The colour of Jet A – 1 varies from a watery white to a straw yellow. Refer also to the
chapter on “Visual Check”. Water that has not dispersed will appear as drops on the
inner walls of the sampling glass or as water at the bottom of the glass. This may also
“fog” the sample/make it opaque.
Particles and other visual pollution will generally consist of rust, sand or dust, either
mixed with the fuel or as sediment at the bottom of the glass.
When using the permanently installed sampling glasses, by discharging the sampled
fuel onto the outer rim of the glass, an automatic cyclone movement is achieved. In
this manner particles and larger water droplets are gathered at the bottom of the
glass.
It is therefore important that samples that are taken from the portable tanks are given
a powerful rotation in order to achieve such a cyclone.
Satisfactory result.
When none of the above mentioned are visible and the sample is clear and sediment
free.
Unsatisfactory result
The sample is not clear and transparent; water or pollution is present.
If a sample contains sediment and/or free water:
 Further samples must be taken until the fuel is clear and free from water (clear
and bright)
 If the sample contains finely dispersed water, a settling time of 1 hour per meter
tank depth shall be allowed. After which a new purity test must be carried out.
This process must continue until the samples are completely free from water and/or
sediment (clear and bright, satisfactory test results).
5.5
Testing and controls
Shell’s water detector should be used to check the samples taken from the helicopter
fuel (Jet A –1).
Should a detector change colour, it is most important that the procedures described in
the following are used to remove the pollution from the fuel. The detector is
comprised of the following components.
 An unbreakable injection syringe of 5 ml.
 A plastic detector capsule containing water sensitive paper.
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5.5.1
Storing Shell’s Water Detectors
The capsule lid should be screwed on as soon as possible after the detector has
been removed from the container. This is because of the possible risk of discolouring
the paper due to air humidity.
As a consequence, detectors should not be left lying around, or left loose in the
pockets of overalls, clothes etc.
The maximum storage time for a detection capsule is nine (9) months from the date
of production.


The expiry date will be stamped on one side of the storage box.
The expiry date will also be stamped on each capsule; this must be respected.
Unused capsules should be stored indoors under dry conditions until they are to be
used.
5.5.2
Procedure for using the Water Detector Test
Check that the expiry date has not been exceeded (to be found on the box/container).
Prepare a sample of at least 3,5 litres in a clean, clear glass.
The sample must be powerfully rotated until a cyclone effect is generated in the
glass. By using this method particles will accumulate at the bottom of the glass and
any water particles will be crushed into the fuel. This takes place automatically in the
enclosed sampling glasses.
Mount the detector on the syringe and immediately submerge both into the sample.
Withdrawn the plunger until the fuel reaches the 5 ml mark.
Make sure that the plunger is not withdrawn before the syringe is submerged in the
liquid.
If the plunger is withdrawn when in the open air, humidity will create an indication in
the detector. This will result in a faulty reading.
Any possible water droplets in the fuel will be absorbed onto the paper fibres,
releasing and spreading the colouring. In this manner a distinct colour change will
occur.
If this change in colour takes place it means that the fuel is polluted by water and
must consequently not be used. The part of the paper that is protected by plastic will
remain unaffected. Any colour change between the inner and outer (wet) part or
measured area, is a positive indication of the presence of finely dispersed water.
A generally light pastel colouring over the whole centre of the detector, or no colour at
all can be approved. A light yellow pastel colouring with darker specks or spots
indicates that there are still some drops of water remaining suspended in the fuel,
which may be above the permitted maximum concentration of 30 parts per million (30
ppm).
Further precipitation, discharging and separation is required to remove this water so
that the concentration reaches below the level of 30 parts per million. Large and
darker specks, or a generally darker colour in the centre of the detector, will of course
indicate the presence of even more water in the fuel. This must be removed before it
is safe for the helicopter to use the fuel.
When testing just before and after refuelling the helicopter, let the pilot wet the
detector after the test has been completed to see that the colour changes to green,
and to ensure that the detector was not defect.
On other occasions, apart from refuelling:

Wet the detector, even though the test has been concluded, so as to get a
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confirmation of the change of colour.

A detector must be used only once and thereafter discarded.
5.5.3
Drainage, Sampling and Checking
Drainage and product sampling – routines at the plant
In order to check that the storage tanks and delivery equipment are particle and water
free drainage samples must be taken on a regular basis.
The equipment must be drained for water and particles at the following intervals:



Daily from storage tank, filter separator and filter monitor before the day’s first
delivery.
Before and after each delivery.
After heavy rain and storms.
Drainage must be carried out with a full flow of liquid from the tank sump, the filter
water separator and from the inlet side of the filter monitor. The liquid must be
drained into clean clear glass jars of at least 3,5 litres for Visual Check. If the sample
does not give a satisfactory result by Visual Check, the plant must be drained and
new samples taken until a satisfactory Visual Check is achieved
If unusually large amounts of free water or particles are found, or if it is not possible to
achieve a satisfactory Visual Check, then the system must be taken out of service.
Investigations must be carried out immediately to find the cause of the pollution.
5.5.4
Visual Check
The following subsections are guidelines regarding the visual checking of fuel
samples





Colour: Jet fuel may vary in colour from completely clear (water colour) to a straw
yellow colour.
Water: Free water will normally show as drops on the sides or at the bottom of the
sample jar (free floating). It may also occur as a misty cloud in the fuel.
(Emulsification).
Particles: Consists mainly of small specks of rust, sand, dust or scale from hoses
and equipment; settle at the bottom of the sample jar.
Clear and bright: This expression is independent of the natural colour of the fuel.
Clear means that there is no presence of sediments or emulsion. Shiny refers to
the shiny appearance of the fuel when it is completely clean. If water or particles
are discovered, new samples must be taken until the test is clear and bright.
Control Check: This check consists of a Visual Check and the specific weight
(density) of the fuel. This check is made to ensure that the fuel has the proper
quality and has not degraded or been polluted during storage. The results of this
test are compared to the values listed on the certificate. When the actual weight
has been corrected to standard (15 C) the difference must be no more than
0.003 kg/l. If the difference is greater, the product must be quarantined and not
supplied until the reason for the deviation has been clarified and new approval
given.
If the discovered deviation is in the form of a technical problem relating to the unit,
competent personnel must be summoned.
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5.5.5 Sampling and inspection
Daily (every morning), to be carried out by the HLO

Take a 3,5litre sample from the filter separator and monitor with the system
pressurised.
 Take a 3,5litre sample from the tank currently in use.
 All samples to be checked with the Shell Water Detector
 The accepted sample from the storage tank must be kept for 24 hours: The
sample must not be exposed to sunlight. If two tanks are being used during the
course of one day then the samples from both tanks must be kept for 24 hours.
The samples must be labelled.
 Carry out a visual inspection of the equipment to check for leaks and damage..
 When transferring fuel, read off and note in the helicopter tank log the monitor’s
pressure difference.
 Earth cables: Daily inspection for good mechanical contact with the unit and for
possible damage.
All tests and inspections must be logged.
Weekly checks and inspections, to be carried out by the HLO







If the system has been out of operation for more than a week, in addition to the
other samples, a 3,5litre sample must be taken from the filling nozzle.
In order to distribute wear and tear on pumps A and B a weekly alternation of the
pump in use is recommended.
Take a 3,5litre sample (or until the sample is acceptable) from portable tanks that
are in storage.
Drain the air separator collector glass.
When pumping fuel, read off the pressure difference and note the result in the
weekly log for pressure difference in the separator and monitor (See enclosure). If
the maximum pressure difference for the filter separator or possibly the monitor is
exceeded, the filter elements must be replaced (for the filter separator only step
1). For the filter separator, the maximum pressure difference is 15 psi, and for the
monitor 22 psi.
Inspect all earth cables (for portable tanks, supply unit, and the filling nozzles). If
there is any fault or suspected fault, maintenance personnel must be summoned.
The delivery unit must not be used if there is any fault or suspected fault with the
unit’s earthing system.
Once a week the differential pressure for the separator and the monitor must be
read whilst pumping at the selected delivery volumes. The results shall be logged.
Monthly checks and inspections, to be carried out by the HLO



Check the delivery hose for damage and log the result, ref item 5.8 and the
enclosures.
Carry out function testing of the piston type differential pressure manometer for
correct operation. This is done by opening the three-way valve connected to the
meter. It is only necessary to check that the piston has free movement throughout
its whole length, and ensure visually that it properly returns to its initial
adjustment. The result shall be logged.
Check the hose end filters in the pressure hose connectors and the filling nozzles.
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During each inspection of the filter strainer (monthly) the hose in question must be
pressurized for at least one minute.
Checks and inspections with longer intervals than those listed above are part of
the installations individual maintenance systems.
5.5.5
Returning products to the unit.
Clean products containing no water that are accumulated during draining and
sampling may be returned to a slop tank. The product in the slop tank shall be
allowed to settle and be drained free of water and particles before being transferred
to a product tank.
5.5.6
Sampling when delivering to the helicopter


A 3,5litre sample shall be taken from the filter monitor or the filling nozzle before
delivery. The sample must be checked visually, including testing with the water
detector. Any water must be drained off and new samples taken until a
satisfactory water detector test has been achieved.
A 3,5litre sample shall be taken from the filling nozzle or from the inside of the
filter monitor immediately after delivery has been completed. This is in order to
confirm the quality and to carry out a visual check with a water detector.
If there are any indications of water, or any marked change in colour in the water
detector, a new sample must be taken. The pilot and the airline company must be
informed immediately. No further fuel must be delivered until the cause has been
found and rectified.
5.6
Specific weight measuring (density measuring)
According to the specifications the specific weight (density) of Jet A – 1 lies in the area
of 0.775 – 0.840 kg/litre. The specific weight (density) of the product must be checked
when received offshore. The specific weight is checked by the use of a hydrometer
and a thermometer (may be built in as part of the hydrometer). The test must be
conducted in a well-lit area, protected from rain and wind.
The hydrometer shall be sunken slowly and carefully into the fuel. This is to avoid
breakage, or it becoming wet above the flotation level. Care must be taken to ensure
that air bubbles do not attach themselves to the submersed surface. The hydrometer
must float freely.
The hydrometer must float for some three to four minutes so that its temperature and
movement are stabilised. Then carefully push the hydrometer down 2 marks on the
scale and release. Once the hydrometer has re-stabilised, read off the specific weight
(density).
The fuel will creep slightly up along the thermometer so that the level indicated on the
scale will be above the real fuel level.
Look along the surface of the fuel and read off at the lowest indicated level. Read off to
the nearest 0.001 kg/l and log the products specific weight.
Shake the hydrometer and take two or three more readings as confirmation that they
are correct.
Thereafter read the temperature. Note both temperature and specific weight (density)
as direct readings from the hydrometer.
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Use the noted temperature and specific weight (density) and correct them to 15  C by
using the conversion table for density (ASTM-IP table 53), or by using the conversion
unit for fuel density (the plastic circular sliding converter Aristo 60 208 – Germany).
Note the specific weight corrected to 15 C. NB As sliding converters becomes worn
they will show faulty readings. If such instruments are used they must be regularly
checked for wear.
The specific weight (density) corrected to 15 C must be within +/- 0.003 kg/litre of the
specific weight, corrected to 15 C, which is to be found on the upper part of the
transport certificate for the aviation fuel.
If an electronic Density Meter are being used the manufacturers user manual must be
adhered to.
If the specific weight is not within the limits, then the guidelines for faulty fuel must be
followed, and the fuel may be sent in return.
Basic requirements for laboratory samples
5.7
Samples that are to be certified by a laboratory must be taken from an outlet having
direct access to the space where the liquid is stored.
Before sampling the equipment must be rinsed thoroughly, and washed at least three
times in the product from which the samples are being taken. The containers must be
properly dried before use.
The containers must not be filled completely. Some 5% of the volume must remain in
order to allow the liquid to expand. Approved containers must be used; these should
be labelled and preferably sealed.
The containers must be sealed and labelled immediately after filling. The label shall
contain the following information:





Date and time:
Sample taken by (signature)
Installation/vessel
Tank no.
Batch no.
Documentation for all samples shall be logged. A copy of the transport certificate shall
be attached for each product.
5.7.1
Containers

Containers for laboratory samples
Glass, metal or approved plastic containers for laboratory or duplicate tests must be
either new or approved by the laboratory and absolutely clean. (Refer to ASTM D
4306 for suitable containers). Metal containers must be approved and preferably
have epoxy coated linings. Even though they may be new, all containers must be
rinsed at least three times in the product from which the samples are being taken.

Containers for visual sampling
Clean, transparent containers with a capacity of a minimum of 3,5 litres and a wide
opening that will accept a threaded lid, must be used for sampling. If a bucket is used
for draining, it must be of stainless steel, or perhaps white enamel, and have
approved earthing.
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5.8
Hoses for aviation fuel – approval and control
Each hose must have a permanent identification, and a log for inspection and controls.
This must contain the date and year of manufacture, the date and year of when the
hose was taken into use, and information relating to the results of maintenance and
inspection.
The maximum storage time is two years. The maximum lifetime for hoses is 8 years,
subject to annual pressure testing and inspection in accordance with API 1529/BS-EN
1361. Both periods are to be calculated from the date of production. If the hose is not
pressure tested annually, the maximum lifetime is set to 2 years.
Prior to use, new hoses shall be flushed in accordance with API 1529/BS-EN 1361,
and then pressure tested. Products that have been used for flushing are to be returned
to a slop tank that is either being filled or settling.
All hoses used for supplying fuel shall be subject to routine inspections and checks.
Hoses are to be kept under observation during refuelling. If any weaknesses or faults
are discovered, delivery through the hose must be stopped and the hose replaced.
Inspection of the hoses may take place in the following manner: Pull the hose out all
the way and apply full pumping or operational pressure with the delivery connector
shut. When the hose is under pressure, check for exterior damage, leaks or other
signs of weaknesses. It is recommended that when inspecting a long hose (under full
pressure) a vertical “loop” is formed and that the loop is then rolled along the length of
the hose. Special attention must be paid to any indication that the hose connections
are beginning to loosen.
With the hose fully extended, release the pressure and inspect for soft spots. Special
attention must be paid to the part of the hose that is about 45 cm from the connectors
as this area has a special tendency to weaken. This part must be checked for faults by
applying pressure around the area in order to discover soft spots, bubbles etc.
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5.9
Pressure connectors
Whenever refuelling, all connectors must be checked for leaks. Leaking connectors
must be taken out of use. Repairs and adjustments shall be logged and carried out by
authorised personnel.
5.10
Filling nozzles
A general inspection of the filling nozzle shall be carried out at each delivery. At any
sign of a leak the filling nozzle must be taken out of use. Repairs and adjustments
must be logged.
5.11
Receiving fuel and checking the delivery
Before the tanks are filled onshore, they are inspected and approved and a tank
inspection certificate is issued by the fuel distributor. The HLO must check that the
labelling and traceability between the documents and the tank are in agreement.
Check that the transport certificate for aviation fuel contains the following elements:

Type, Amount, Batch no., Date, Tank serial number, Specific weight (density),
Verification of being free from solid particles and water, the inspector’s signature.
The following must be checked when receiving fuel:




Check that the seals on the manhole, inspection hatches and outlet are unbroken.
Also check that all dust covers are in place and intact.
Check that the tank cradle/tank have their respective approvals. This may be read
off the tank data plate.
Check for damage to hatches and valves. Make a special check of protective
hatches and their packing rings.
Check that the seals are intact and that the type of tank is labelled.
5.11.1 Settling time



600 USG (2300 litre) tank:
1000 USG (3800 litre) tank:
Settling time stationary storage tank
1,5 hour settling time
2 hours settling time
1 hour per meter fuel depth
If the sample contains sediments or free water, further 4 litre samples must be taken
until the samples no longer contain sediments or free water. The following tests shall
be conducted:



A rotation test (powerfully rotate the sample before the visual check)
Clear and bright test (visual check)
Shell Water Detection test.
The criteria for accepting the sample are that it:
 Passes the clear and bright test
 Is free of water
 Is free of pollutants
If one or more of the criteria are not met, a further settling time of one hour per meter
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tank depth is allowed. Thereafter, all the specified tests must be repeated.
The process shall be repeated until a satisfactory result is achieved, but should a
satisfactory result not have been achieved after the fourth settling period, the fuel will
not be approved.
The final test results (the results from the last settling periods) should be noted and
the receiver’s copy of the transport certificate signed.
Both a receipt for the fuel and the results of the tests should be noted on the transport
certificate for aviation fuel.
Helicopter fuel should not be used until the fore mentioned procedures have been
completed and satisfactory test results have been achieved.
5.11.2 Non-approved fuel
Before fuel that does not meet the requirements regarding purity, specific weight or
water detection, is returned it should be given a new settling time before draining and
testing the fuel at least three more times.
The equipment/instruments should be checked (a new set should be tried if available)
and it should be ensured that the tests are conducted according to the procedures.
Should the test results still be uncertain, another person should conduct the tests by
themselves.
Should this test confirm the unsatisfactory or uncertain results, a superior must be
informed.
If the fuel and/or the tank cradle do not meet the specified standards, the following
should be noted at the bottom of the aviation fuel transport certificate.




Details regarding the fuel, and /or deficiencies with the tank cradle.
The name of the installation
The date
The signature of the reporter.
The completed original of the certificate should then be returned to the cartridge on
the tank cradle.
The label should be placed on the transport tank as is shown below and the following
completed on the cargo manifest:



Non-approved fuel
From: (the name of the installation).
To: (to be completed).
5.11.3 Using fuel directly from a transport or storage tank.
Depending on how the plants are designed on the different installations, fuel
deliveries may either be transferred from the transport tank to fixed (stationary) tanks,
or remain stored in the transport tank by being coupled to the refuelling system.
5.11.4 Fuel in the transport tank
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If the transport tank is used for storage an earth cable must be attached to the tank
cradle. This must also be attached during the transfer of the contents of the tank to
permanent (stationary) storage tanks. The tank is coupled to the pump’s manifold
system with the aid of a pliable/flexible hose (corrugated steel pipe) that is connected
to the coupling on the transport tank. Only one tank at a time shall be connected to
the pump’s manifold system.
5.11.5 Transferring fuel between the transport and the storage tank
The following tests must be conducted to verify the quality of the fuel when
transferring fuel from the transport tank frame to the storage tank, and/or during the
transfer of fuel between different storage tanks:
 Visual check
 Water detector test, on a 3,5litre sample taken from the tank frame/tanks drainage
point.
Make sure that the tank that is to receive the fuel has sufficient volume to accept the
transferred fuel. When transferring from the transport tank:
 Connect the earth cable to the transfer tank
 Connect the transfer hose and open the tank valve
 Start to transfer the fuel, the fuel must be lead and not allowed to fall freely into
the tank.
 When the transfer is completed, disconnect the dry connection (hose) and the
earth cable.
After the fuel has been transferred:
Conduct a visual check. Allow for a settling time of one hour per meter of fuel in the
tank. Take a 3,5litre sample from the tank’s drainage point and perform a water
detector test. If the sample contains sediments and/or free water, new samples must
be taken until the sample is free from sediments/free water. The process must be
repeated until satisfactory results are achieved. If the test is still not satisfactory after
the fourth settling period, investigations/corrective measures shall be initiated.
5.11.6 Labelling and changing tanks
In order to avoid confusion regarding which tank is in use, signs shall be posted
showing the status of the tank(s). The following text shall be used:
 This tank was received on, and has been stored since______ (date)
 The tank is in use
 The tank is settling
 The tank is empty
NB! Also applies to tanks used for storage/delivery
5.11.7 Old fuel stores
As far as possible super numerous stocks of fuel should not be stored offshore.
Stocks should be depleted if longer periods without replenishment are expected.
If fuel has been stored for more than six months after the stated filling date, a four
litre drainage sample should be taken in a special container. This should be sent to
an approved laboratory for quality control. Should the test show that the fuel meets
the required specifications for use, it may then be used in the normal manner.
Old fuel may not be used until the test results are available and approval has been
received from the fuel supplier/laboratory.
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On the condition that the results are satisfactory the stored fuel may be used, but it
must be re-tested every third month.
Fuel that fails to gain approval during these tests shall be returned to shore as “Nonapproved fuel”, see Item 5.11.2
5.11.8 Returning transport tanks
Outlets must be sealed before transport tanks are returned to shore. The protective
cover over the hose connector must also be checked to ensure that it is in place.
5.12
Fuel delivery/refueling
5.12.1 Refueling crew
Refueling shall be carried out by competent personnel who are well trained in
procedures and operating the refueling system. The crew shall be sufficient to ensure
a safe operation, and to be able to react properly in the event of an emergency. The
personnel shall be familiar with the location and operation of the emergency stop
buttons. The requirements relating to personnel competence are to be found in the
OLF Guidelines.
The step-by-step duty of each individual member of the helideck crew during take off
and landing is described in enclosure K.
5.12.2 Earthing between the helicopter and the refueling equipment
The helicopter, the supply unit, the filling nozzle/pressure connector shall be
connected in order to lead electricity during the whole of the refueling operation. This
is to ensure that electrical potential (difference in current) does not occur between the
units.
Earthing between the helicopter and the supply unit shall be completed before any
hose is connected to the helicopter or any tank cover opened. The earthing must
remain connected until all hoses have been disconnected and the tank cover
replaced.
5.12.3 Refueling procedures (General)




Refueling during local heavy thunderstorms is forbidden.
Hoses must be removed in such a manner that they are not damaged. Twisting or
bending the hoses should be avoided. Pressure connectors or filling nozzles shall
not be dragged along the ground. Dust caps must be in place as long as pressure
connectors/filling nozzles are not in use.
During refueling the delivery unit must be checked for leaks, the differential
pressure of the filter monitors observed and logged, and the other instruments
read off and otherwise kept under observation.
Spilt fuel is both a fire hazard and a danger to the environment. Hot helicopter
engines may be a source of ignition and extra care must be taken during
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refueling. Should any spillage occur, all refueling must be stopped and the
necessary measures implemented according to local requirements/routines.
5.12.4 Refueling with the helicopter’s engines running (“hot” refueling)
Refueling the helicopter with the engines running (hot refueling) is an operation that
demands very strict safety requirements. The fuel supply delivery station must be
manned in order to operate the unit.
5.12.5 Defueling Helicopter
Defueling shall be done with the same personnel and according to the same safety
procedures as for fueling.
The HLO shall ensure:
 that all returned fuel is of known quality and type (JET A1)
 logging of returned amount of fuel and where it is returned from
 that returned fuel is settled and drained for free water and particles prior to
readying the product for new deliverance
Fuel which is defueled through waterseparator or monitor filter can be delivered
without any prior settling and drainage.
5.12.6 Refuelling with Passengers onboard
Refuelling with passengers onboard requires that the Helicopter pilot and HLO/OIM
agree, and to follow standard procedures with addition of the following:








5.13
Pilot and HLO shall be present, and in full control of the operation at all times.
All passengers must be briefed on the operation before fuelling commence.
Passengers must have seatbelts undone during refuelling procedures.
Doors on the refuelling side closed.
Doors on non refuelling side open.
Emergency egress route planned, clear and known to all involved in the
operation.
Helicopter Operator procedure in place and known to Helideck crew.
Deck procedure known to helicopter crew.
Review over required documentation
The results of all inspections and tests shall be logged on updated documents that
are readily available. These shall be kept for a minimum of at least one year. As a
minimum they shall contain:
5.13.1
Documentation – Quality control
Helicopter refueling log. This form contains the requirements relating to daily
sampling/inspection.
Log for filter and differential pressure and transport log for helicopter fuel is also
used.
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5.13.2 Documentation – Maintenance
Logbook in which all work carried out on every unit of the equipment is logged.
Log for testing of pressure tanks connectors and filling nozzles.
Log for the inspection and testing of hoses.
Log for the calibration of volume meter.
Log for the calibration of pressure manometer.
Log for tank inspection and cleaning.
Log for filter equipment – inspection and maintenance
Log for the filter in the pistol grip nozzle – inspection and replacement.
Documentation relating to the execution of these tasks shall normally be found in the
installation’s preventive maintenance programme. See enclosure C for relevant
forms.
5.13.3 Signature/Filing time
The person doing the job must sign all documentation. Documents relating to daily
inspection shall be kept on file for at least 3 months. All documents relating to weekly
and monthly inspections shall be kept on file for at least 1 year. Documents relating to
inspections that have longer intervals, or relate to non-routine incidents, shall be kept
for at least 3 years.
5.13.4 Change of location
The remaining fuel quantity onboard shall be logged when the rig is moving to
another helicopterbase and/or changing helicopteroperator. Registered amounts are
to be reported in writing to the owner of the fuel as soon as possible and at least 5
days after arrival new location.
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6
Special procedures and operations
This chapter covers the special procedures/operations that are used on certain
installations, types of helicopter, under special conditions etc. For this reason these
are not covered elsewhere in the manual.
6.1
Emergency situations
Actions that are taken must be in compliance with the installation’s emergency
procedures.
6.1.1
Basic principles.
Teamwork
The crew of the helideck must work together as a team when dealing with emergency
situations.
Discuss how to deal with the different emergency situations on the helideck and
conduct exercises on the helideck in handling emergency situations. This is to
develop quick counter measures, forms of cooperation and efficient actions.
Otherwise refer to Enclosure E, Emergency Training.
Reactions in emergency situations
Common sense shall be used when reacting to emergency situations.
Normal train of action:
 Evaluation of the extent of the emergency situation, securing own escape route.
 Calling for assistance/sounding the alarm.
Dealing with the situation by:
 Localising the source
 Extinguishing/eliminating
 Rescuing personnel/reducing risk
 Preventing spreading
Monitoring to prevent re-ignition/repetition.
6.1.2
Fire in the helicopter/on the helicopter deck
First actions

Immediately stop any refueling that is taking place.

Activate the fixed fire fighting equipment.

Sound the alarm

Don fire protection gear. (The fireguard is already wearing his.)

Determine the source of the fire(s)
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Areas of responsibility
HLO:
Alerting/Notification. Confers with pilot and coordinates actions.
If the type of fire allows, confer with pilot before using fire fighting
equipment.
Heliguard:
Works with fireguard and HLO in fighting fire and reducing risk
Fireguard:
Operates the fire fighting equipment.
Fire Teams
In extensive fires the fire teams on the installation will be involved in extinguishing the
fire, and will take over the responsibility from the helideck crew.
Rescue
In some cases it will be possible to save the helicopter crew/passengers before the
fire becomes too large.
If rescue appears to be possible then this should be attempted, but the fire fighting
equipment must be used to cover personnel involved in the rescue operation.
Should it be necessary to enter the helicopter cabin in order to save personnel one
must:

Use smoke diving equipment

Keep as low as possible when entering the cabin

Stay below smoke and gasses. It is here the largest amounts of oxygen are to be
found.
Fire watch
When the fire has been extinguished a fire watch should be maintained at the site so
as to avoid re-ignition. The carpet of foam should also be maintained to the extent
necessary.
6.1.3
Crash on the helicopter deck
The characteristics of a helicopter crash.
Due to the fact that a helicopter has no wings, the engine(s) and the fuel tanks are
positioned in the immediate vicinity of the cabin.
In the event of a crash this means that:
DOCUMENT NO.:
REVISION NO.:
REVISION DATE:
01.09.2011
Page 45
There is a possibility that parts from the rotor blades may be slung around.
It is less likely that the helicopter will remain standing (in a vertical position).
It is easier to drag hoses around a helicopter, and there are far less sheltered areas
beneath the fuselage.
The shorter distance to the secondary fire fighting equipment increases the
advantage/effects. As the cabin, engines and fuel tanks are so close to each other,
rapid intervention may be decisive.
If a helicopter crashes on the helideck the fireguard shall:

Start the fire pumps/sound the alarm

Cover the helideck with foam

Extinguish any fire.

Maintain a sharp lookout for fire. This is especially with regard to spilt fuel that
may run down to the lower decks of the installation.
Rescuing passengers and pilots
The helicopters doors and hatches are of a relatively simple construction and there is
little probability of them jamming. Should this be the case then they must be forced
open.
Should it be necessary to use more force to enter the helicopter, cutting must only
take place at specific points e.g. emergency exits and windows.
The rescue equipment listed in Chapter 3 is to be used.
Should a helicopter be lying on its side, those onboard must be supported when the
seat belts are released.
NB! The helideck crew must have detailed knowledge of the type of helicopter, as
described in emergency procedures in Enclosure F.
Choking/stopping the engines shall be carried out when:




6.1.4
The helicopter is in a normal position and the pilots are put out of action.
The engines and the rotors are still running.
Stop the engines with the helicopter’s emergency stop handle.
Be aware that the rotor blades move closer to the deck as rotation speed drops.
This may constitute a major hazard to personnel on the deck.
Do not allow personnel to leave the helicopter until the rotors have stopped.
Crash into the sea
Alerting
DOCUMENT NO.:
REVISION NO.:
REVISION DATE:
01.09.2011
Page 46
Make sure that the radio operator is notified.
The radio operator/control room will carry out further notification in accordance with
the installations internal procedures.
The helideck crew shall act in accordance with the installation’s emergency
procedures manual.
6.1.5
Emergency landing with prior notification
Preparations
If warning has been given that a helicopter is experiencing problems and wishes to
land on the helicopter deck, preparations must be made to deal with the situation.
Ensure that the radio operator /control room is informed and that the proper alarm
signals have been activated.
The emergency teams are mustered in accordance with the installation’s internal
procedures.
All of the crew who man the helideck must don fire protection gear.
Put on smoke diving apparatus.
Dry powder equipment
Prepare the fixed powder extinguishing hose for immediate use (See Chapter 3).
Stand in a sheltered area with this equipment at the ready.
6.2
6.2.1
Helicopter deck “Safedeck”
General description
Helicopter decks of the “Safedeck” type have been specially designed to quickly lay a
complete layer of foam over the whole surface of the helicopter deck in the event of a
fire in the helicopter or a crash on the helicopter deck. The deck may also have a
“pop-spray” system.
6.3
6.3.1
Embarking/disembarking from the helicopter in strong wind
General information
The upper limit for ordinary passenger transport is 60 knots wind including
gusts
The wind on the helicopter deck may deviate from the given wind measurements.
Due to the surroundings around the helideck upwind or downwind and /or funnel
effects may occur together with turbulence. This changes the wind fields radically.
Such local conditions will differ from installation to installation and may also vary with
the wind direction.
DOCUMENT NO.:
REVISION NO.:
REVISION DATE:
01.09.2011
Page 47
6.3.2
Risk reducing measures
When a report has been received forecasting winds of more than 50 knots, each
installation shall attempt to reduce the passengers exposure to the wind.
Such appropriate methods may include:

A careful evaluation when selecting the exit/access to the helideck that is least
exposed to the wind.

The heliguard and fireguard assisting passengers to/from the helicopter.

Passengers carrying only one piece of luggage so as to have one hand free.

The heliguard and the fireguard handling all luggages on the helicopter deck.
In such cases it may be necessary to strengthen the manning of the helicopter deck
The HLO must continuously evaluate the conditions on the helicopter deck and, after
conferring with the pilot, decide how best to ensure the safety of the passengers.
If the HLO decides that the safety of the passengers can no longer be upheld in a
sound and proper manner, he must stop helicopter operations on the installation. The
Installation Manager, or similar, must be duly informed.
6.4
Refuelling in strong winds
In special situations/emergencies it may be required to refuel the helicopter with wind
forces in excess of 60 knots. In such cases, special precautions must be taken.
The pilot will brief the helideck crew regarding any special procedures/ to be followed
or precautions to be taken.
The HLO should call upon a qualified person when increasing the manning of the
helideck.
6.5
6.5.1
Flights to installations that are normally unmanned
General information
An unmanned installation is in this context an installation with a helideck operational
according to regulations, but has no personell onboard when the helicopter lands or
takes off from the installation.
Flights to an unmanned installation should be limited to as few as possible and
preferably be executed in daylight.
Transit passengers are not allowed in the helicopter.
If there are persons onboard the installation, crewing and operations shall be as for a
manned installation. Exempted is when a helicopter returns empty to collect a group
who has previously been offloaded at the same installation.
When flying to unmanned installations the helideck crew shall consist of at least two
qualified heliguards. One of these will become the HLO , the other the Fireguard.
DOCUMENT NO.:
REVISION NO.:
REVISION DATE:
01.09.2011
Page 48
Both shall have documented knowledge of the installations helideck and equipment.
Both (the HLO and the Fireguard) shall be wearing approved survival suits during
transit to/from the unmanned installation. At the latest, the Fireguard shall put on
firehelmet and gloves just before the helicopter approaches the helideck. Both shall
disembark the helicopter before any other passengers and take their positions on the
helideck.
As is the case with manned installations, control forms and maintenance routines
must be available.
If a floating installation movement data (roll, pitch, heave) must be available at the
mother-installation according to standard HMS system specifications.
Landing and departure shall be observed from the mother-installation or stby vessel,
either visually or by video monitoring of the helideck.
Helideck crew and helicopter shall have radio contact with the mother-installation or
stby vessel during the complete helicopteroperation.
If there is any danger of gas on the installation, gas detectors with warning lights shall
be in operation. A light should be positioned in the limited obstacle secor (150°
sector) and have good visibility at approach and at helideck.
During night flying the perimeter lights, red obstacle lights and the approach lights
must be switched on.
DOCUMENT NO.:
REVISION NO.:
REVISION DATE:
01.09.2011
Page 49
7
Company Specific Procedures
N/A
8
Enclosures
A
hand signals
B
helicopter danger zones
C
helifuel forms
D
phraseology
E
emergency training
F1 SuperPuma AS332 & EC225
F2 CHC-HS Sikorsky S-92
F3 NOR Sikorsky S-92
F4 Eurocopter EC155
F5 AgustaWestland AB139
F6 Westland SeaKing
F7 Agusta A109E
G
take off and landing
H
helicopter shut down
I
guidance to radio communications
J
offshore refuelling systems
K
hot refuelling
L
standard helideck monitoring systems
M
reporting form ground occurrences
Helideck report form. See separate PDF attachment!
DOCUMENT NO.:
REVISION NO.:
REVISION DATE:
01.09.2011
Page 50
enclosure A to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011eng
Hand signals
Handsignal 1
Chocks away
Chocks in position
1
enclosure A to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011eng
Handsignal 2
External power on
External power off
2
enclosure A to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011eng
Handsignal 3
Start engine no. 1
Start engine no. 2
3
enclosure A to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011eng
Handsignal 4
Start rotor
OK
4
enclosure A to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011eng
Handsignal 5
Shut down, alternatively stop refuelling.
5
enclosure B to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Helicopter danger zones
Sikorsky S-92
Alternate route to be used only under HLO supervision!
See Enclosure G “alternative access” for procedures.
1
enclosure B to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Helicopter danger zones
EC225 - SuperPuma
Alternate route to be used only under HLO supervision!
See Enclosure G “alternative access” for procedures.
2
enclosure B to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Helicopter danger zones
AgustaWestland AW139
3
enclosure B to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Helicopter danger zones
Crossing helideck in front of helicopter (in safe distance from main rotor) only with
permission from helicopter crew
4
enclosure C to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Filter water separator/filter monitor follow-up log
Installation:__________________________________
Year:____________
Name and type of filter water separator
Elements type 1
Number
Date installed
Elements type 2
Number
Date installed
Name and type of filter monitor
Elements
Number
Date installed
Functional test differential pressure
Monitor
Separator
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Psi
Max monitor 22
24
22
20
18
Max separator 15 16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52
Bar
enclosure C to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Helicopter fuelling log
Rig/Installation:
Date: Flight
no.:
Helicopter
Company
Adressee of this form:
Registr.
Letters
(Call
sign)
Litres
filled
Water sample
Before
After
filling: filling:
Pilots
signature
Daily inspection
Water/purity test
Diff. press. filters
Tank Separator Monitor Monitor Separator
OK
OK
OK
daglig
weekly*
Inspection
hoses,
connectors,,
nozzles,
earthing
cables
Total
sampled
volume per
day:
HLO
sign.
enclosure C to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Hose inspection and test journal
Manufacturer:__________________________
Hose identification no.:_____________
Type of hose:________________________ Length:________________________________
Date of production:___________________ Diameter:______________________________
Hose with connector:
Factory installed Locally installed
(mark)
Date taken in use:____________________ Location:_______________________________
Date of test
Inspection interval
Monthly
Yearly
Use one page for each hose that is in use or in storage.
Test result
Signature
enclosure C to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Inspection and cleaning log – fuel tank Jet A-1
Installation:___________________________________________
Tank no.:_________________
Capacity:_______________________
Non-corrosive/type of interior surface
treatment:_____________________________________
Date of inspection:_______________________
Point of inspection
State the approximate volume delivered since last inspection/cleaning
Describe the condition at the last inspection; water or pollution, the condition
of the bottom plates and any surface coating
Describe the work carried out during cleaning
Describe any work or modifications. Any change in inclination or drainage
point shall be taken into consideration
Signature of
inspector
enclosure C to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Transport log helicopter fuel JET A-1
Installation/vessel:
Date:
Transp.
certificate
no.:
Tank
no.:
Receipt of transport tank
Seals
Drainage samples
Volume received
intact?
Free of water
Particles From Measur
certifica
ed
Visual Detector
te
Year:
Return of transport tank
Sign. Date: Returned Sealed Sign.
fuel
volume
enclosure D to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Phraseology
In the Air Traffic Services certain words and expressions are used to ease
understanding. These are known as standard phraseology. The highest possible use
of standard phraseology is recommended.
In this enclosure there follows a list of the English standard phraseology and an
explanation in Norwegian.
ABORT ldg/to
ACKNOWLEDGE
Avbryt landing eller avgang. Gjentas 3 ganger dersom en
farlig situasjon oppdages.
Bekreft at min melding er mottatt og forstått
AFFIRM
Ja, eller tillatt
APPROVED
Godkjent
BREAK
Indikerer skille mellom meldinger
CANCEL
Annuller siste utsendte klarering
CONFIRM
Bekreft
CORRECTION
Rettelse, jeg har sagt noe feil….
DECK IS CLEAR
Dekket er klart for landing
DISREGARD
Glem, se bort fra
GO AHEAD
Begynn
HOW DO YOU READ
Hvordan hører du meg
I SAY AGAIN
Jeg gjentar
MONITOR
Lytt på frekvensen
NEGATIVE
Nei, ikke tillatt, feil
PASS YOUR MESSAGE
Kom med din melding
READ BACK
Repeter alt eller deler av sendingen
ROGER
Jeg har mottatt meldingen (ikke som svar)
SAY AGAIN
Gjenta alt eller deler av sendingen
SPEAK SLOWER
Snakk langsommere
STANDBY
Vent
VERIFY
Undersøk og bekreft
WILCO
Jeg har forstått og vil handle deretter
enclosure D to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
enclosure E to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Emergency training
Lesson/Exercise No.1
Subject: Crash on helideck
1. Purpose:
To maintain the helideck crew’s proficiency in meeting the challenges covered by this
subject.
2. Training objectives:
At the end of the exercise the participants will have learnt about the use of fire fighting
equipment, of equipment for gaining access to the helicopter, and of treating injured persons
and evacuating these, and others, from the helideck.
3. Content:
Using equipment to gain access to the helicopter. Cutting, using jacks, slicing. Cutting seat
belts.
Treating injured persons. Crush wounds, fractures, and burns.
The use of available fire fighting equipment
4. Preparation:
Review the exercise scenario with the involved personnel, placing it in relationship to the
installation’s emergency plans with the main emphasis on the procedures applicable to the
helideck crew.
Clear the exercise with management regarding the use of personnel etc.
Inform and instruct all who are to take part in the exercise, simulated injured, and any other
personnel.
Make sure that the materials and equipment to be used are ready for use.
5. Implementation:
The HLO will run the exercise and direct the emergency teams based on his evaluation of
the accident site and other relevant factors.
Ensure that personnel are rotated through the various positions so that all may experience
the different tasks.
Pay special attention to exercising the elements mentioned under sections 2 and 3.
6. Material and equipment:
A small container (simulated helicopter).
Jacks, cutting equipment.
Fire fighting equipment
Communication equipment
7. Follow-up:
Go through the checklist for the helideck.
Return all equipment to the proper place and tidy up.
Carry out an evaluation of the exercise where all elements of importance are noted for use in
the transfer of experience and any required documentation.
Note who has taken part in the exercise; file the information for use as documentation in the
event of an audit.
8. Estimated duration:
Approximately 2 hours
1
enclosure E to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Lesson/Exercise No.2
Subject: Communication
1. Purpose:
To maintain and develop the helideck crew’s proficiency in using the existing available
communications equipment and meeting the challenges caused by the loss of traditional
communications equipment.
2. Training objectives:
At the end of the lesson/exercise the participants will have learnt about the use of traditional
communications equipment, and alternative means of communication based on local
conditions.
3. Content:
Training/exercising with available communications equipment.
4. Preparation:
Clear the exercise with management regarding the use of resources.
Go through the installation’s emergency plan with main emphasis on the section relating to
communication.
Develop the scenario in cooperation with the person responsible for communication onboard
the installation and other relevant agencies (control room, crane and deck departments,
helicopter pilots etc)
Give thorough instructions to the players.
5. Implementation:
The exercise is conducted as a pure “Table Top” exercise.
For this reason it is important the equipment is put into physical use when simulating during
the exercise (that someone really responds to radio calls, and that someone answers the
telephone when it rings, and that these are fully briefed on the intentions of the exercise).
Make sure that all persons who could be involved in a real incident participate, helicopter,
damage control leader, control room, radio, nurse, first aid teams etc.
6. Material and equipment:
Available communications equipment.
7. Follow up:
Carry out an evaluation of the exercise where all elements of importance are noted for use in
the transfer of experience and any required documentation.
Note who has taken part in the exercise; file the information for use as documentation in the
event of an audit.
8. Estimation duration:
Approximately 1 hour.
2
enclosure E to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Lesson/Exercise No.3
Subject: Training with the rest of the Emergency Organisation
1. Purpose:
To maintain and develop the helideck crew’s proficiency in dealing with emergencies
involving the whole of the installation.
2. Training objectives:
At the end of the lesson/exercise the participants will have learnt about, understand, and be
able to deal with emergency situations involving other areas on the installation.
For example, Fire, gas and oil leaks, evacuation of the installation or other scenarios based
on local conditions.
3. Contents:
With available means and knowledge, take part in and assist the other units of the
emergency organisation in dealing with situations described in paragraph 1.
4. Preparations:
Ensure that the HLO and the rest of the helideck crew are involved in developing the
exercise scenario.
5. Implementation:
Participate and take an active part in the installation’s emergency exercises.
6. Materials and equipment:
All the available emergency equipment that the situation may require.
7. Follow-up:
Take part in the exercise evaluation.
Note who has taken part in the exercise.
8. Estimated duration:
1 – 2 hours depending on the extent of the scenario.
3
enclosure E to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Lesson/Exercise No.4
Subject: Behaviour on the helideck
1. Purpose:
To ensure that all traffic on the helideck is conducted in a safe and proper manner, with
emphasis both on one’s own and the passenger’s behaviour.
2. Training objectives:
At the end of the lesson the participants will have learnt about correct traffic movement and
behaviour on the helideck.
3. Contents:
Information on and training in correct traffic and movement based on the
limitations/possibilities as dictated by helicopter gangways, exits and other local conditions.
Special attention shall be paid to limitations caused by wind and weather.
4. Preparations:
Clear the exercise with management regarding the use of resources.
Agree on a scenario with the helicopter crew and other relevant personnel.
5. Implementation:
Give the participants a theoretical briefing on existing guidelines.
Test their reactions to irregular behaviour.
May be run as a live exercise, or may be simulated. (Exercise great caution if run live).
6. Materials and equipment:
7. Follow-up:
Carry out an evaluation of the exercise and document the result. The subject may also be a
good input at the installation’s safety meetings by “targeting” the passengers in this manner.
8. Estimated duration:
Approximately 1 hour.
4
enclosure E to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Lesson/Exercise No.5
Subject: Response times when alerted – notified of an emergency situation
1.Purpose:
Training the helideck crew in meeting the requirements regarding an acceptable response
time in the situations described in the lesson.
2. Training objectives:
At the end of the lesson participants shall be able to meet the required response times and
understand the importance of being able to do so.
3. Content:
Training in accordance with the muster plan, finding and donning the equipment necessary to
tackle the defined situation.
4. Preparation:
Clear the exercise with management regarding the use of resources.
Agree on the sounding of the muster alarm with the rest of the emergency organisation.
5. Implementation:
May be implemented by specially addressing this field during standard muster exercises on
the installation.
Individual muster exercises for the helideck.
6. Materials and equipment:
All the emergency equipment that is required to meet the described emergency situation in a
satisfactory manner.
7. Follow-up:
Carry out exercise evaluation, emphasising areas for improvement regarding time used on
operations that are necessary to meet the requirements given in paragraph 1.
Carry out an evaluation as to whether the available equipment is properly positioned, and if it
is the right equipment with regard to weight, user friendliness etc.
Note who has taken part in the exercise.
8. Estimated duration:
Approximately 1 hour.
5
enclosure E to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Lesson/Exercise No.6
Subject: Medical evacuation under extreme weather conditions
1. Purpose:
Training the helideck crew in dealing with a medical evacuation in extreme weather
conditions.
2. Training objectives:
At the end of the lesson participants will have learnt about differ ways of carrying out a
medical evacuation. In cooperation the remainder of the emergency organisation, be able to
take part in evaluation and implementation if a litter/basket must be hoisted from a location
other than the helideck.
3. Content:
The use of equipment for medical transportation.
Coordination and communication with the remainder of the emergency organisation.
4. Preparation:
Clear the exercise with management regarding the use of resources.
Review the scenario with the involved parties, place special emphasis on individual safety
during the exercise.
5. Implementation:
The exercise is conducted by training in stretcher transportation from different areas on the
installation.
Mapping the installation in order to chart alternative hoisting zones should the helideck, for
any reason, be inaccessible.
6. Materials and equipment:
Stretcher, litter, communications equipment, cranes.
7. Follow-up:
Carry out an evaluation of the exercise with all involved parties.
Evaluate whether the equipment is suitable and correctly placed.
Note who has taken part in the exercise.
8. Estimated duration:
Approximately 1 hour.
6
enclosure E to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Lesson/Exercise No.7
Subject: Governing documentation
1. Purpose:
To maintain the knowledge of the documentation that governs helicopter operations.
To ensure that changes and updates in the governing documents are made known to
relevant personnel in a systematic and proper manner.
2. Training objectives:
At the end of the lesson the participants will have learnt about the at all times available
applicable governing documentation.
3. Content:
Study the available documents.
4. Preparation:
Provide updated documents where these are available.
5. Implementation:
Ensure a thorough review of the governing documentation.
Group work followed by a presentation of the results.
6. Materials and equipment:
Governing documentation.
7. Follow-up:
Carry out an evaluation of the lesson.
Note who has taken part in the lesson.
8. Estimated duration:
Approximately 1,5 hours.
7
enclosure E to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Lesson/Exercise No.8
Subject: Life support and First Aid
1. Purpose:
To maintain the helideck crew’s knowledge of life support and first aid.
2. Training objectives:
At the end of the lesson the participants should be able to carry out life support and first aid.
3. Content:
To be developed by the installation nurse.
4. Preparation:
5. Implementation:
6. Materials and equipment:
7. Follow-up:
8. Estimated duration:
8
Enclosure F1 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Eurocopter Super Puma L/L1/L2 and EC 225
Common Crash chart and operation of cabin doors
1
Enclosure F1 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
2
Enclosure F1 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
General information Eurocopter SuperPuma L/L1
3
Enclosure F1 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
SuperPuma L/L1
4
Enclosure F1 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
SuperPuma L/L1
5
Enclosure F1 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
General information Eurocopter SuperPuma L2
6
Enclosure F1 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
SuperPuma L2
7
Enclosure F1 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
SuperPuma L2
8
Enclosure F1 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
General information Eurocopter EC225
Maximum Take off weight
11.000 kg
24.250 lbs
Empty Weight Standard Aircraft
5.256 kg
11.587 lbs
Useful load
MTOW with external load
Seating capacity
5.744 kg
11.200 kg
19
12.663 lbs
24.690 lbs
19
CABIN INTERNAL DIMENSIONS
Width (At Seat Level)
Overall Length (including aft seat)
Minimum Height
Maximum Cabin Floor Loading
Cabin Seating
CABIN DOOR DIMENSIONS
Maximum Width (with door fitted)
Maximum Height
1.8 metres
5.95 metres
1.47 metres
2
800 kg/m
19
1.27 metres
1.32 metres
9
Enclosure F1 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Eurocopter EC 225
EXTERNAL DIMENSIONS (See Figure 0.1)
Overall Length (Fuselage Plus Blades) (D Value)
Fuselage Length
Rotor Diameter
Overall Width (Including Stabilizer)
Overall Width at Sponsons
Overall Height (to top of tail rotor disc)
Ground Clearance Under Fuselage
Ground Clearance Under Tail Rotor Disc
Ground Clearance Under Tail Rotor Skid
Wheel Track
Wheelbase
19.50 metres
16.79 metres
16.20 metres
3.86 metres
4.13 metres
4.97 metres
0.43 metres
1.85 metres
1.12 metres
3.00 metres
5.28 metres
10
Enclosure F1 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Eurocopter EC 225
Standard seat configuration EC225.
11
Enclosure F1 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Eurocopter EC 225
12
Enclosure F1 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Eurocopter EC 225
Cargo compartment
The cargo compartment is in the tail section and consists of 3 separate
sections.
To open Cargo door:
Turn handle as indicated by arrow and pull. The door is hinged, and
should be lowered carefully.
To close the cargo door:
Push door and turn handle as indicated by arrow.
Do NOT use excessive force on the locking mechanism.
13
Enclosure F1 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Load baggage bay CHC-Helikopter Service EC225:
Lasterom EC 225
Upper shelf:
(Compartment 1) 200
kg
Lower shelf:
(Compartment 2) 250
kg
Aft shelf/tail:
(compartment 3) 50 kg
Forward luggage pods,
each:
200 kg
14
Enclosure F1 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
EC225 Bristow Norway Cargo Loads
-Cabin Floor:
A placard indicates the maximum load-carrying capacity per unit area:
CABIN FLOOR LOADING : 800 daN/m² (1.16 lb/in²)
Placards indicating the maximum load-carrying capacities and safety instructions:
-Cabin:
A: DOORS MUST BE LOCKED DURING TAKE OFF LANDING AND IN FLIGHT
WHEN NO LUGGAGE HANDLING IS IN COURSE
-Luggage compartment (1):
B: LUGGAGE MAX. LOAD : 150 kg
MAXIMUM FLOOR LOAD : 125 kg/m2
D: LUGGAGE MAX. LOAD : 50 daN
MAXIMUM FLOOR LOAD : 75 daN/m2
-Additional luggage compartment (2):
C: LUGGAGE MAX. LOAD : 160 kg
MAXIMUM FLOOR LOAD : 210 kg/m2
15
Enclosure F1 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Use of cargo sponsons on the EC225
Please observe the following guidelines and restrictions when using this facility:







Maximum load in each sponson is restricted to 200 Kgs
Flammable material and Dangerous Goods (DG) is prohibited
Only offshore bags and soft coated items are allowed
Maximum weight per item is 10 Kgs
All other baggage and cargo shall be loaded in 1 & 2
Left sponson is referred to as cargo room 4 (or left sponson)
Right sponson is referred to as cargo room 5 (or right sponson)
It is favourable to load bags into the cargo sponson as this moves the centre of gravity forward
HLO is responsible for the supervision of proper closure and locking of the cargo pods and to
provide the A/C Commander with confirmation of this before he or she gives the “thumb up”
signal. This information should be given at the same time as the information about load in
cargo room 3 is given. E.g: 20 Kgs of cargo in compartment 3, Cargo sponsons checked and
secure.
16
enclosure F2 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011 S-92
CHC Norway
CHC Sikorsky S-92 crash charts are the same as for
Bristow S-92 as per enclosure F3
1
enclosure F2 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011 S-92
CHC Norway
GROUNDING POINT
Passenger seating configuration
2
enclosure F2 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011 S-92
CHC Norway
3
enclosure F2 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011 S-92
CHC Norway
4
enclosure F2 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011 S-92
CHC Norway
PROCEDURE TO OPEN AND CLOSE AIR STAIR DOOR
TO OPEN AIR STAIR DOOR
Upper door :
-Upper door must be open first, by turning door handle to open position
-Lock upper door struts with locking levers
Lower air stair door:
-Turn door handle in open position
-Lower the door
TO CLOSE AIR STAIR DOOR
The lower air stair door must be closed first
Lower air stair door:
-Pull up on the door cable to raise the door
-Turn and hold the door handle in open position while firmly closing the lower door
-Turn the handle to lock position and ensure thelock pins are engaged
Upper door:
-Unlock bouth upper door struts by depressing the locking levers
-Turn and hold the door handle in the open position while firmly closing the upper door
-turn the handle to the lock position and ensure the lock pins are engaged
A indication light in the cocpit will indicate if the door is open or closed
5
enclosure F2 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011 S-92
CHC Norway
Cargo compartment CHC S-92
The Baggage Compartment on the Sikorsky S-92A is located in the aft part of the cabin with
access through a two-piece hatch under the Tail Boom. The Compartment consists of two
shelves which again are divided into two partitions.
The lower shelf is attached to the Cargo Ramp/lower hatch, and may be moved up and down
by a Control Panel located on the inside of the compartment.
6
enclosure F2 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011 S-92
CHC Norway
I. OPENING AND LOADING OF THE BAGGAGE COMPARTMENT.
To get access to the Baggage Compartment, the handle located in the upper hatch (right under
the Tail Boom) must be operated, see pictures below. Press the button on the handle to
release, turn handle clockwise and push the hatch to full upper position.
Please observe that the handle is spring-loaded, and will automatically move to full
open position once turned “over-center”. This to avoid damage when the hatch is
moved.
Turn the handle back to horizontal position to secure the hatch in full upper position, and push
handle into the recess again by gently pressing on each side of the handle. This to avoid injury
during loading
The Control Panel for moving the ramp up and down, plus switches for internal and external
lights, is located on the Baggage Compartment right-hand sidewall. A placard with
information on load limitation and numbering of the four partitions is located above the
Control Panel.
Use the Ramp Control switch on the left-hand side to move the Ramp down to approx. 8 inch
(20 cm) above the ground. NOTE. The Ramp shall not be moved fully down to the surface, as
this may cause severe resonance in the helicopter.
7
enclosure F2 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011 S-92
CHC Norway
II. LOADING.
Loading of baggage is done by unfastening the hooks for the nets as shown below.
Please observe that only parts of the nets on upper shelf need to be unfastened, depending on
the amount of baggage.
III. BAGGAGE COMPARTMENT LIMITATIONS.
The following limitations apply, and should not under any circumstances be exceeded:
-Max 150 lbs (68 kg) in each partition on the upper shelf and max 580 lbs (264 kg) in total
on the lower shelf/ramp (see placard above the Control Panel).
-The baggage volume shall not exceed the height of the ”fence” on the ramp to avoid
crushing when the ramp is moved to upper position, see dotted line below right.
8
enclosure F2 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011 S-92
CHC Norway
Two Bags of Equipment for securing the helicopter during parking etc are located on the
upper shelf. These are not to be removed from the helicopter.
9
enclosure F2 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011 S-92
CHC Norway
IV. CLOSING THE BAGGAGE COMPARTMENT.
After loading of baggage, please observe the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Attach all straps and tighten as shown in the pictures on page one.
Insure that all baggage is within the limits given above, and that there are no foreign
objects or persons in the area that could become trapped during operation of the ramp.
Move the ramp to the fully up position. NOTE. Observe entrapment danger on
each side of the ramp!
Switch off any lights at the Control Panel.
Release and turn the handle on the upper hatch clockwise (see page 2), and pull the
hatch down into the fully down position. Turn the handle back into horizontal position
and push handle into the recess and locked position.
Ensure that the area behind the helicopter is clear and give a sign to the crew.
Please observe that the S-92 helicopter creates a significant higher rotor wind (”downwash”)
than other helicopters that have been operated previously. For safety reasons, it is of utmost
importance that any loose objects on or close to the helideck are properly secured during
landing and take-off. All baggage and other cargo located in baggage trolleys or similar
should be secured with cargo nets.
Also persons located close to the helideck should be aware of the downwash, particularly
during landing and take-off, but also during embarkation and disembarkation of the
helicopter. Eye glasses or other “loose items” may under certain circumstances be blown off
if not secured.
Please contact the crew if you have any questions
10
Encl F3 to OLF Helideckmanual rev.01.09.2011
S-92
Bristow Norway
Sikorsky S-92A – Bristow Norway
Bristow S-92A overview – crash chart – cargo compartment
Figure 1 – S-92A overview
1
Encl F3 to OLF Helideckmanual rev.01.09.2011
S-92
Bristow Norway
General
The S-92A is a multi engine helicopter equipped with an Auxiliary Power Unit (APU). The engines and
APU are located on the upper part of the helicopter.
A battery is located in the nose section.
The aircraft has four cabin and two cockpit emergency exists. All of these exits can be opened from
the outside by operating a single handle.
In order to stop the engines and APU switches in the cockpit must be operated in a correct order.
Details on how to do this is described in section “Cockpit switches”.
The helicopter also have a rotor brake which can be used to stop rotation of the main and tail rotor
AFTER the engines have been shut down.
2
Encl F3 to OLF Helideckmanual rev.01.09.2011
S-92
Bristow Norway
Emergency Exits
Upper cabin door
Figure 2 – Upper cabin door / Emergency exit
The cabin door consists of one upper and one lower part. The door opens upwards and gas cylinders
will help raising the door.
To open the door;
 Rotate handle from locked to open position and pull door open.
3
Encl F3 to OLF Helideckmanual rev.01.09.2011
S-92
Bristow Norway
Lower cabin door
Figure 3 – Lower cabin door
The upper door MUST be open prior to opening the lower door. The door opens downwards and
dampers will help restricting the door movement.
To open the door;
 Open UPPER door.
 Rotate handle from locked to open position and lower door.
4
Encl F3 to OLF Helideckmanual rev.01.09.2011
S-92
Bristow Norway
Cabin emergency exits
Figure 4 – Cabin emergency exit
The three cabin emergency exits are not hinged to the aircraft. When operating the handle, the
emergency exit will be forced out on the bottom and then slide out of the frame on the top.
WARNING:
SUPPORT HATCH DURING PROCEDURE. IF YOU DO NOT DO THIS, HATCH CAN FALL AND
CAUSE INJURIES TO PERSONS AND DAMAGE TO EQUIPMENT.
To open the exit;
 Rotate handle towards open position and remove the emergency exit.
5
Encl F3 to OLF Helideckmanual rev.01.09.2011
S-92
Bristow Norway
Cockpit emergency exits
Figure 5 – Cockpit emergency exit
The two cockpit emergency exits are not hinged to the aircraft. When operating the handle, the
emergency exit will be forced out on the bottom and then slide out of the frame on the top.
WARNING:
SUPPORT HATCH DURING PROCEDURE. IF YOU DO NOT DO THIS, HATCH CAN FALL AND
CAUSE INJURIES TO PERSONS AND DAMAGE TO EQUIPMENT.
To open the exit;
 Push red button to release handle.
 Rotate handle towards open position and remove the emergency exit.
6
Encl F3 to OLF Helideckmanual rev.01.09.2011
S-92
Bristow Norway
Engine fire fighting from the outside
Figure 6 – Engine inlets
The two engine inlets have openings for venting the engine compartment. In case of fire aim the fire
extinguishant at these openings. The engine compartments are protected through the onboard fire
extinguishing system.
APU fire fighting from the outside
The APU is in a sealed compartment and does not have any openings. The APU compartment is
protected through the onboard fire extinguishing system.
7
Encl F3 to OLF Helideckmanual rev.01.09.2011
S-92
Bristow Norway
Open radar dome and disconnect battery
Open radome
Figure 7 – Radome
The nose compartment is enclosed by the radome. The aircraft battery is located inside.
The radome is secured using two lever latches.
WARNING:
PITOT TUBES MIGHT BE VERY HOT AND CAN CAUSE SEVERE BURNS IF TOUCHED.
To open the radome, both latches have to be opened;
 Push the recessed button on the latch.
 Pull the latch to open position.
 Lift the radome upwards.
8
Encl F3 to OLF Helideckmanual rev.01.09.2011
S-92
Bristow Norway
Disconnect battery
Figure 8 – Aircraft battery
The aircraft battery is installed in the nose compartment.
To disconnect the battery;
 Open radome.
 Rotate the battery connector counter clockwise (CCW) until disconnected from the battery.
 Move connector away from battery.
9
Encl F3 to OLF Helideckmanual rev.01.09.2011
S-92
Bristow Norway
Cockpit switches
General
There are several switches in the cockpit to perform various tasks concerning shutting down the
engines, APU and disconnecting the battery together with fighting fire.
Since fighting fire requires electric power, the fire fighting must be performed prior to disconnecting all
power sources. Also, applying rotor brake can not be performed with the engines running.
Engine and APU fire
Figure 9 – Engine and APU fire indication and arming
On the center part of the instrument panel / glareshield three combined indicator lights / switches are
installed.
If there is a fire, the red “FIRE #1 ENG”, “FIRE #2 ENG” or the “FIRE APU” will illuminate. This
indicates that there is a fire in that compartment.
To shut off fuel and stop engine / APU;
 Lift all three red covers and push each button.
10
Encl F3 to OLF Helideckmanual rev.01.09.2011
S-92
Bristow Norway
Aircraft battery
When both engines and APU is stopped the aircraft can be deenergized by switching off the battery.
The switch is located in the centre part of overhead console.
Figure 10 – Aircraft battery switch
To switch off battery;
 Move BATT switch to OFF
11
Encl F3 to OLF Helideckmanual rev.01.09.2011
S-92
Bristow Norway
Rotorbrake
General
WARNING:
ENGINES MUST BE STOPPED PRIOR TO APPLYING ROTORBRAKE.
AFTER the engines have been stopped, the main and tail rotor might be stopped and immobilized to
prevent wind milling by applying rotor brake. The rotor brake handle is located to the right of the
overhead console.
Figure 11 – Rotor brake handle
To stop and immobilize the main / tail rotor;
 Move rotor brake handle forward to locked position.
12
Encl F3 to OLF Helideckmanual rev.01.09.2011
S-92
Bristow Norway
Cargo compartment
The cargo area of the Sikorsky S-92A is located in the aft section of the helicopter fuselage.
Access to the area is made through an upper cargo door and a cargo ramp. The upper door
has to be opened / closed manually, while the ramp lowering / raising is controlled by a
toggle switch on the Ramp control panel, located on the right hand side wall of the cargo
compartment. The control panel also holds switches for interior and exterior lighting and a
receptacle to connect to the helicopters intercom system.
The cargo area consists of two shelves, one upper and one lower. Each shelf is divided into
two compartments by a cargo net. These compartments are named 1, 2, 3, and 4. In addition
to the shelves, a cargo storage box is installed on the ramp. This box is divided into two
compartments. One is for the aircraft parking and mooring equipment and the other for cargo
related equipment, such as cargo attachment rings and jack straps. Each of these
compartments is labeled with a decal describing the compartment contents.
Decals are also installed on the shelves and above the ramp control panel. These decals
describe the cargo compartment areas and weight limitations.
I. ACCESS THE CARGO AREA.
To get access to the cargo area a two step process has to be performed. First the upper
cargo door has to be opened and then the ramp has to be lowered.
Upper cargo door is opened in the following steps:
• Push the door handle center button to release the handle form its recessed position.
• Turn the handle clockwise and leave handle in open position.
• Push and hold the door in upper position.
• Turn handle counter clockwise to locked position.
• Push handle into the recess by pushing the handle ends. WARNING: A protruding
handle may cause injuries to personnel during loading and unloading of the cargo
area.
Picture 1 – Upper cargo door
13
Encl F3 to OLF Helideckmanual rev.01.09.2011
S-92
Bristow Norway
Picture 2 – Cargo area
Cargo ramp is lowered in the following step:
WARNING: Cargo ramp should not be lowered all the way to the surface, as this might cause
resonance in the helicopter.
• Toggle and hold the switch marked [RAMP] on the [RAMP CONTROL PANEL] from center
position and downwards to [LOWER] position until the ramp is approx. 4 - 8 inches above the
surface, then release.
Picture 3 – Ramp control panel
Cargo area lighting is turned ON in the following steps:
• Toggle the switch labeled [BAGGAGE] on the [RAMP CONTROL PANEL] upwards to [ON]
position to light up the internal cargo area.
• Toggle the switch labeled [CARGO] on the [RAMP CONTROL PANEL] upwards to [ON] position
to light up the external cargo area.
14
Encl F3 to OLF Helideckmanual rev.01.09.2011
S-92
Bristow Norway
II. LOADING AND CARGO AREA LIMITATIONS.
Open the cargo net snap latches and load cargo onto the shelves.
Picture 4 – Cargo compartment decal
The following weight limitations applies and must not in any circumstance be exceeded:
Upper shelf totally (Area 1 + 2):
Lower shelf totally (Area 3 + 4):
Cargo ramp:
300 lbs (136 kg)
700 lbs (317 kg)
1000 lbs (453 kg)
Total weight loaded on the ramp, upper and lower shelves combined must not to exceed 1000
lbs (453 kg).
The storage box must be installed when the lower shelf is installed.
When cargo is loaded directly onto the ramp, the lower shelf and storage box must be removed and
the cargo secured to the ramp.
15
Encl F3 to OLF Helideckmanual rev.01.09.2011
S-92
Bristow Norway
Picture 5 – Cargo limitation decals
III. CLOSE THE CARGO AREA.
After loading the cargo perform the following steps:
• Close cargo net snap latches and tighten cargo net.
• Verify that the weight is within limits.
To close to the cargo area a two step process has to be performed. First the cargo ramp has to be
raised and then the upper cargo door has to be closed.
Cargo ramp is raised in the following steps:
WARNING: Check that no foreign objects or personnel interfere with ramp closing.
• Toggle and hold switch labeled [RAMP] on the [RAMP CONTROL PANEL] upwards to [RAISE]
position until the ramp is fully closed, then release.
Cargo area lighting is turned OFF in the following steps:
• Toggle the switch labeled [BAGGAGE] on the [RAMP CONTROL PANEL] downwards to [OFF]
position to turn off the internal cargo area light.
• Toggle the switch labeled [CARGO] on the [RAMP CONTROL PANEL] downwards to [OFF]
position to turn off the external cargo area light.
Upper cargo door is closed in the following steps:
• Push the door handle center button to release the handle form its recessed position.
• Support the door and turn the handle clockwise and leave handle in open position. NOTE: The
upper cargo door is equipped with dampers to reduce door closing speed.
• Pull upper door to rest on the ramp and turn handle counter clockwise to closed position.
• Push handle into the recess by pushing the handle ends.
• Check area and notify the crew that loading is complete and that area is clear.
16
Encl F3 to OLF Helideckmanual rev.01.09.2011
S-92
Bristow Norway
CAUTION:
Please note that the Sikorsky S-92A rotor downwash is much stronger than other helicopters operating
today. During take off and landing it is very important that loose items located on or in close proximity
to the helicopter deck is secured in a proper way. Luggage and cargo stored in trolleys must be
secured with cargo nets. Personnel should also be aware of this strong downwash, not only during
take off and landings, but also when embarking and disembarking the helicopter. A pair of glasses and
other “loose items” might come loose in these conditions if not secured properly.
Please contact the crew if additional information is required.
17
enclosure F4 to OLF helideckmanual rev.01.09.2011
enclosure F4 to OLF helideckmanual rev.01.09.2011
DanCopter
EC 155 B1
DanCopter EC 155 B1
The EC 155 helicopter can be handled from either side, as there are luggage compartment doors on both
sides. Therefore handling of passengers and cargo on the platforms should be performed from the side most
convenient to the helideck crew unless something else has been agreed. If the helideck crew has never
received any instructions of how to operate the doors, please inform the pilots and ask for assistance. One of
the pilots will show you how to operate the doors.
When opening the luggage compartment door, the light switches automatically on and vice versa.
First thing is to unload all luggage on the helideck. Close the luggage compartment door before the cabin
door is opened. The passengers will leave their PLB in the aircraft, take their luggage, follow the directions
from the helideck crew and leave the helideck as directed. When embarking passengers the procedure is
vice versa.
When refuelling all passengers will normally have to leave the helicopter and all doors must be closed. This
gravity refuelling servicing is performed entirely on the left hand side. Initially the helicopter must be
”grounded” with a grounding wire at the main wheel as illustrated below. Secondly the grounding wire from
the pistol handle must be ”grounded” to the grounding point just left of the fuel caps also illustrated. Remove
fuel cap(s) and distribute the fuel in the rear or forward tank as agreed with the pilots. When refuelling is
done, close and secure the fuel caps, remove the pistol handle grounding and wind up the fuel hose. Finally
remove the grounding wire from the main wheel and the passengers can board the helicopter again.
The battery is positioned on the left hand side of the helicopter just forward of the pilot pedals as illustrated.
”Ground” the helicopter to this grounding point with the grounding wire.
Grounding point for the pistol.
Opening of the fuel
caps.
The battery is positioned on the left hand side of the helicopter
just forward of the pilot pedals behind this shield.
DanCopter A/S
DanCopter Allé 2,
DK – 6705 Esbjerg
enclosure F4 to OLF helideckmanual rev.01.09.2011
Crash chart EC 155 B1
1. Access to cockpit
Pull locking handle
2. Emergency
cut-off
handles will
cut off
engines and
close fuel
valves. Both
handles must
be pulled
rearwards
(Overhead
panel)
Forward
3. Access to cabin
Pull locking handle
DanCopter A/S
DanCopter Allé 2,
DK – 6705 Esbjerg
enclosure F4 to OLF helideckmanual rev.01.09.2011
EC 155B1
FIRE ACCESS PANEL
SAME ON THE OTHER SIDE
IN CASE OF FIRE
FIGHT FIRE HERE
Grounding point for
ground wire.
Grounding point
for fuel hose.
Fuel caps positioned
only left hand side.
Luggage
compartment.
Luggage compartment
Size of the door in mm
Size of the floor
690
1878
730
1520
2350
Enclosure F5 to OLF Helideckmanual rev 01.09.2011
AgustaWestland AW139 AW139 in the offshore configuration Access The cabin is accessed via sliding doors on both sides Operator Blueway Offshore Norge AS – Bygdøy allé 2 – Postboks 573 Sentrum – 0101 Oslo – Norge Tel: +47 6712 5400 – Fax: +47 6712 5401 – E‐mail: [email protected] ‐ Organisationsnr: 994 104 586 1
Enclosure F5 to OLF Helideckmanual rev 01.09.2011
Cargo The cargo compartment has access via one door on each side of the fuselage. Dimensions 2
Enclosure F5 to OLF Helideckmanual rev 01.09.2011
Refuelling Refuelling on right hand side of helicopter. Gravity refuelling only. After grounding the helicopter and the fuel nozzle ‐ flip out handle and turn the cap in the direction shown on the cap. When closing the fuel cap – turn cap in direction shown on the cap and flip in handle. Note that the handle can only be flipped in if the cap is properly closed. Emergency 3
Enclosure F5 to OLF Helideckmanual rev 01.09.2011
4
Enclosure F6 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
WESTLAND SEA KING
Enclosure F6 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Enclosure F7 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Agusta A109E
A.1
EKSOS
LUFTINNTAK
GROUND
HERE
FLOATATION
DØR
HANDTAK
-begge sider
Maksimum lengde
13,04m
Rotor diameter
11,00m
Understells bredde
2,15m
Understells lengde
3,54m
Høyde under flat rotor 3,10m
ANTIKOLLISJONSLYS
GRAVITY
FUELING
BAGGASJE
ROM
Maks totalvekt
2850 kg
Antall seter i kabin (offshore) 5
Maks last i lasterom 150 kg
1
Enclosure F7 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Crash Chart of Agusta A109E
Emergency shut-off : Lift plastic covers and press buttons
To open passenger door either side of
helicopter : Lift latch and slide rearwards
To open pilot door either side of
helicopter : Lift latch and open door
Agusta A109E :
 D – value .........……………….........13,04 meters
 Height under level rotor…………….3,10 meters
 Rotor diameter………………………11,0 meters
2
Enclosure F7 to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
3
enclosure G to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Handling the helicopter during take off and landing
This enclosure contains a step-by-step description of the most general operations on the
helideck for a helideck crew consisting of 3 persons.



HLO (Helicopter Landing Officer) In charge of helideck
Heliguard
Fireguard
The HLO is the heliguards and fireguards superior. Task allocation between Heliguard and
Fireguard should be adapted to local conditions to ensure safe and efficient operations. Work
tasks in addition to this may be given as required.
The described operations are based on the assumption that there are exit stairways from the
helideck. Where this is not the case, the installation will use approved alternative departure
routes from the helideck.
The principle behind this procedure is, through standardisation and by relieving the HLOs of
as many tasks as possible, trying to achieve optimal safety levels across the companies on
the Norwegian Continental Shelf.
The helicopter companies emphasize that during helicopter operations the HLO shall have a
full overview of the helideck area, be in visual contact with the pilot and be able to run/control
the operations in such a manner that any potential danger is registered and effectively
eliminated.
Apart from what is laid down in this procedure, if the HLO has to leave his position, the pilot
must be informed.
1
enclosure G to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Helicopter arrival
From: When the Heliguard receives notification from the radio/communications officer that a
helicopter is expected.
To: Until the helicopter is steady on the deck with rotors moving and chocks in place.
Operations: Well in advance of the arrival of the helicopter
HLO
1. Verify the arrival time of the helicopter 30
minutes before the estimated time of arrival.
2. Meet at the helideck at least 20 minutes before
arrival
3. Verify that any stand-by vessel close by is
informed of the arrival of the helicopter, and that
no vessel is located within 1000 meters in the 180
degree zone, or if higher than the helideck, in the
210 degree zone.
Gather information on the arriving helicopter. This
includes: estimated time of arrival, location and
amount of cargo, number of passengers and any
fuel requirements. In difficult weather
conditions/special cargo, evaluate the need for,
and requisition, extra personnel.
4. Make sure that the daily inspection of the
helideck and refuelling plant has been completed
with a satisfactory result.
5. Furthermore, check that the helicopter landing
area is cleared of obstacles.
6. Brief and, if necessary, allocate tasks to the
Heliguard and the Fireguard.
Operation:
HELIGUARD AND FIREGUARD
1. Meet at least 15 minutes before arrival time.
2. Prepare the cargo that is to be sent.
3. Check and prepare fire-fighting equipment.
4. Receive the manifest and information on
number of arriving and departing passengers.
5. Don the necessary clothing and portable VHF.
5 minutes before the estimated time of arrival of the helicopter.
HLO
HELIGUARD
1. Stand in a safe position
1. Make sure that the crane drivers are
in visual contact with the
informed.
2. Monitor radio communication between the HLO
helicopter pilot and the installation (or HFIS)
3. Make sure that the passengers are ready
and remain in a safe zone without access to
the helideck. Physical barriers shall be used.
FIREGUARD
1. Make sure that the fire
cannon are aimed and
adjusted.
2
enclosure G to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Operation:
Immediately prior to the helicopter landing, and during landing.
HLO
HELIGUARD
1. Stand in a safe position
1. Make sure that cranes have stopped
in visual contact with the
operating. Peripheral crane operations
HLO
may be permitted but the pilot must be
informed.
2. Notify the pilot on VHF that the helicopter
deck is cleared for landing and give warning
of seaspray if this has been observed on/over
the helideck. In especially difficult weather
conditions ask the pilot to notify the
passengers.
3. Take up a safe position by the most
suitable stairway, primarily on the upwind
side, with a view over the helideck.
4. Continuously monitor and immediately
report any abnormal situation
NB! Check that the undercarriage is down.
Operation:
FIREGUARD
1. Stand at the upwind
fire post or alternatively
at the remote control
unit. Stand at full
readiness with the switch
for the alarm systems
within reach.
After landing
HLO
1. After the anti-collision lights have been
switched off, signal to the heliguard that
entry to the helideck is now allowed.
2. Can take a set of wheelchocks and
place these in position, and receive/deliver
the manifest from/to the pilot.
3. Within the safe zone for the rotor, take
up a position that ensures eye contact with
the pilot and a full view of the helideck.
HELIGUARD
FIREGUARD
1. Serve at the fire post until
1. On receiving a signal
the chocks are in place on
from the HLO take
both sides.
wheelchocks and place
these in position (both sides
shall have chocks)
3
enclosure G to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Helicopter on the helideck
From: When the helicopter stands on the helideck with rotor engaged and chocks in place.
To:
When the helicopter is loaded with passengers and cargo, and the helideck is
cleared.
Operation: Disembarking and unloading
HLO
1. Remain in the best position for eye
contact with the pilot and a total overview
of the helideck.
2. When the helicopter has its rotor
engaged, all personnel movement shall
primarily take place at a 90 angle to the
longitudinal axis of the helicopter and
thereafter outside the rotor disk. (See
enclosure B).
HELIGUARD AND FIREGUARD
1. Install any required railings at the exit
2. Open baggage compartment hatches; unload
baggage and cargo
3. Place any baggage outside the passenger door or
together with the cargo on the baggage trolley.
4. Open appropriate cabin doors and let out passengers
who will carry their baggage to the exit stairway as
directed
(NB! Only one cabin door must be opened so that loose
objects cannot be blown out of the helicopter. Make sure
that the passengers keep a tight hold on any light
objects).
Operation: Embarking and Loading
HLO
1. Check that the heliguard is ready to
receive the passengers, and then signal
to the fireguard that the passengers may
now enter the helideck.
2. Direct/signal to the passengers what is
the safe (outside the rotor disk)
embarking route up to the heliguard.
3. Remain in the best position for eye
contact with the pilot and a full view of the
helideck.
HELIGUARD AND FIREGUARD
1. When signalled by the HLO, collect the boarding cards and
show the way to the helicopter.
Signal to the HLO that the numbers tally.
2. Lead the passengers safely in to the helicopter and direct
the placing of baggage. NOTE: In high winds be aware of light
baggage/cargo.
3. Stow baggage and shut cargo compartment hatches.
4. Ensure that all passengers have fastened their seat belts.
5. Close the cabindoor.
6. NB! Cabin cargo should be loaded and secured before the
passengers are taken onboard. When loading Super Puma
inform the pilot of the total load in cargo compartment #3.
4
enclosure G to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Helicopter departure
From:
The HLO clears the helicopter deck.
To:
Until 2 minutes after departure.
Operation:
Preparing for take off
HLO
1. Signal to the heliguard to remove the
chocks on the left hand side. Remove the
chocks on the right hand side.
2. When the helideck is clear and the
fireguard is in position, give a “thumbs up “
signal to the pilots.
3. Monitor the take off and radio
communication, and immediately report
any abnormal situation
4. Make sure that nobody leaves their
position until 2 minutes after take off. Make
sure that everyone remains in readiness for
another 15 minutes or until the helicopter
has landed at another installation.
HELIGUARD
1. At the signal from the
HLO, remove the chocks
from the left hand side.
2. Do not leave position until
two minutes after take off.
Listen on VHF in the event
of a possible return of the
helicopter to the installation.
3. Maintain state of
readiness as directed by the
HLO.
FIREGUARD
1. Don full fire protective
clothing.
2. Take up position at
upwind fire post,
alternatively at the remote
control unit.
3. Do not leave position until
two minutes after take off;
listen on VHF in the event of
a possible return of the
helicopter to the installation.
4. Maintain state of
readiness as directed by
HLO.
5
enclosure G to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Alternative access
Procedures for alternative disembarking and embarking with guidance of the helideck
crew.
This procedure shall be used if the normal procedure with access to the helideck on the
same side as the helicopter entrance can not be used.
Operation: Disembarking around the nose S-92A/EC225/SuperPuma
HLO
1. Move from the side of the
helicopter to the front of the nose
inside the rotor tip (approx 1m from
the nose) keeping eye contact with
the pilots and both sides of the
helicopter.
2. Direct passengers from the fire/heliguard standing at the entrance
door towards the baggage and/or the
fire-/heliguard standing at the edge of
the helideck.(See enclosure B, safe
access)
HELIGUARD AND FIREGUARD
1. Open cargo doors and unload baggage and
cargo placing the baggage 90˚ to the helicopter
on the opposite side of the entrance door or on
the baggage trolley.
2. One fire-/heliguard opens the cabin door and
direct passengers towards the HLO standing in
front of the nose.
3. The other fire-/heliguard takes position by the
baggage at the edge of the helideck to direct the
passengers to the closest exit
Operation: Embarking around the nose of S-92A/EC225/SuperPuma
HLO
1. Take position in front of the nose
inside the rotor tip (approx. 1m from
the nose) Keeping eye contact with
the pilots and both sides of the
helicopter.
2. Check that one fire-/heliguard is in
position by the entrance door, ready
to receive the passengers, and then
signal to the fire-/heliguard that he
may now let the passengers enter the
helideck.
3. Direct/signal to the passengers
what is the safe route between him
and the nose of the helicopter, and
direct them towards the heliguard by
the entrance door.
4. Move back to normal position on
the helideck outside the rotordisk
keeping eye contact with the pilots
and full view of the helideck.
HELIGUARD AND FIREGUARD
1. One fire-/heliguard takes position by the
entrance door of the helicopter.
2. The other fire-/heliguard takes position by the
stairway.
3. When signaled by the HLO, the person by the
stairway collects the boarding cards, shows
where to drop the baggage and directs
passengers towards the HLO.
4. The fire-/heliguard positioned by the entrance
door guides the passengers into the helicopter.
6
enclosure H to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Helicopter shut down/start up
From: The helicopter is on the deck; the passengers have left both the helicopter and the
helideck, and the anti collision lights have been switched on again.
To:
The rotor has stopped and the anti collision lights have been switched off again.
Operation:
Preparation
HLO
Stand in the safe zone with a full view of the
helideck and with the wind at his back.
Operation:
HELIGUARD
Stand in the safe zone by
the access stairs.
FIREGUARD
Maintain firewatch
Shut down
HLO
1. When the rotor has stopped and the anti
collision lights have been switched off, the
helideck may be entered.
2. The HLO will get help to tie down the
rotor blades and secure the helicopter as
required.
HELIGUARD
When requested by the
HLO, assist in tying down
the rotor blades and
securing the helicopter.
FIREGUARD
When requested by the HLO,
assist in tying down the rotor
blades and securing the
helicopter.
Helicopter start up
From: The helicopter is on the deck with the pilots onboard and the anti collision lights on
To:
The helicopter has both engines running, the rotor turning, the anti collision lights off
and the helicopter is ready to take onboard both passengers and cargo.
Operation:
Preparation
HLO
1. Keep eye contact with the pilot and
maintain full view of the helideck.
2. During start up there should be no
passengers onboard the helicopter, apart
from when the pilot so wishes.
HELIGUARD
Takes up position by the
access stairs so as to have
a clear view of the helideck
FIREGUARD
The fireguard stands beside
the relevant fire post/remote
control unit wearing all fire
protection gear
1
enclosure H to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Operation:
Start engines
HLO
Stand in front of the helicopter in the safe
zone. Assist fireguard whenever
necessary.
HELIGUARD
FIREGUARD
Take up position on the
indicated side of the
helicopter to observe the
engine startup.
(When moving, after no.1
engine has started and the
rotors are turning, the
fireguard must stay outside
the rotor disk when
proceeding to the next
engine.)
In the event of a fire in or
under the helicopter, alert
the pilot/HLO by the
portable VHF radio, or by
giving the signal ”Shut
down”.
Start to extinguish the fire.
Operation: Final stage of start up, embarking passengers and loading/ take off
without passengers.
HLO
HELIGUARD
1. On the signal from the pilot (anti collision 1. Take up position and give
lights off), commence boarding passengers sign to the HLO that
boarding may start
and loading cargo, remove chocks
2. When the Heliguard is ready, the HLO
will give the signal to the fireguard that
boarding can start.
FIREGUARD
1. Proceeds to the access
stairs to await signal from
HLO regarding boarding the
passengers
2
Enclosure I to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Guidance communications for Radio operator
Exchange of Logistic information
Approximately 20 minutes prior to estimated time of arrival (ETA), the
helicopter crew will establish contact with Radio or Bridge for
update/exchange of:
- Position. Also heading and speed, if relevant
- Weather update
- Movements of the Helideck, if relevant
- Return load
- Obstructions in the vicinity (within 500 meter) in the approach- and
departure/missed approach sectors
- Need for refuelling
The installation should have dispatched a Helideck Report to the Helicopter
base, one hour prior to estimated time of departure (ETD) from shore. This
report is carried on board by the helicopter crew. It is only necessary to
update any changes.
Position
The position shall always be given in Latitude and Longitude in the following
format: N dd mm,mm E ddd mm,mm
d = degrees
m = minutes and decimals of minutes
Heading of the installation is given in degrees (magnetic north)
Speed is given in knots
Weather conditions
If the weather is better than 10 km visibility and ceiling above 1000 ft, one can
refer to the earlier shipped Helideck Report. The wind direction, wind speed
and QNH shall always be given to the helicopter crew.
If the visibility and/or ceiling are less then the values given above, the
helicopter crew shall be updated in the following format:
- Wind direction; given in degrees
- Wind speed, including gust; given in knots
- Visibility given in meters or km
- Clouds or Ceiling (FEW/BKN/OVC); given in feet above sea level
- Actual temperature; given in degrees Celsius
- Dew point (temperature), if available; given in degrees Celsius
- QNH; given in HektoPascal
- Other information of interest to the helicopter crew like shower activity,
snow on the helideck, etc.
Movement of the Helideck
If the Helideck is moving less than +/- 1 degree, (less than 1 to any direction
from the horizontal plane), and the vertical movements (heave) is less than 2
meters, the Helideck is defined as not moving. In this case there is no need to
forward these details to the Helicopter crew.
Enclosure I to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
For installations with HMS (Helideck Monitoring System), it should be
adequate to announce: “We have a GREEN deck on the HMS”, unless that
the Helicopter Crew is requesting the details.
Return load
This is given in the following format:
Number of passengers (PAX), Total weight (including pax, luggage and
cargo), weight of luggage + cargo.
Obstructions in the vicinity (within 500 meters) in the approach- and
departure/missed approach sectors
The reason for the need of this information:
1.
To verify that obstruction free sectors according to CAAN
regulations in BSL D 5-1, ch. V – obstructions, are obtained
2.
To give the Helicopter Crew better situational awareness under
marginal weather conditions
Need for refuelling while on deck
This information is exchanged in this phase to give the HLO adequate time to
prepare the helideck for refuelling, if the Helicopter Crew requires so upon
landing.
Example of communication:
Helicopter: Seaway Falcon, this is Helibus / Norsk 123.
Installation: Helibus / Norsk 123 this is Seaway Falcon.
Helicopter: We are on our way, and have an ETA (Estimated Time of
Arrival) of 23, (23 minutes past the hour).
Installation: You will be here at 23. Are you ready to receive the details?
Helicopter: We are ready. Go ahead.
Installation: Our position is N 59 31,35 E 006 46,55 (comma pronounced
“decimal”)
We have a heading of 300 degrees
Our speed is 5 knots
The weather in the area:
Wind from 270 degrees 25 knots, gusting 35 knots
Visibility 3 km
We have Broken (BKN) at 800 feet
Temperature 8 degrees
Dew Point 5 degrees
QNH 989 Hectopascal
A shower has just passed through the area
The HMS is showing GREEN deck
Return load:
We have 19 passengers.
Total weight 1945 kg
This is including 185 luggage and cargo
We have one fishing vessel 500 meters south of us, heading
South. There are no other vessels in the area.
Do you require fuel upon arrival?
Enclosure I to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Helicopter:
We received all your details. We copied a QNH of 989. And
negative refuel.
Installation: We copied negative refuel.
Changes in weather conditions
If the weather changes, visibility, ceiling, the movements of the helideck, or
other details of interest to the Helicopter Crew, this must be forwarded over
the radio with no delay.
enclosure J to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Specification for offshore refueling systems
This specification is applicable for all fixed and floating installations operating on the
Norwegian shelf. Specific class requirements from the Norwegian Civil Aviation
Administration (NCAA - BSL D 5-1), the Norwegian Maritime Directorate (NMD), Norwegian
Petroleum Directorate (NPD), Class (BV, ABS, DnV & Lloyds) and UK regulations CAP 437
latest revision must be complied with.
This specification is based on the requirements made by the Norwegian Offshore Helicopter
Operators for offshore helicopter refuelling systems and the approval of the refuelling
systems will be done by them.
General information
No threaded connections are accepted in all wetted parts. Exceptions are the connection to
the 30m fuel hose, nozzles, dry break coupling, gauges, air eliminators, sample valves,
instruments & instrument fittings.
A complete system description and specific operation procedure shall be available to the
operator.
Materials:
All pipework (Norsok AS20) and accessories shall be of stainless steel or mild steel
protected internally by lining with approved epoxy material. No copper alloys, cadmium
plating, galvanised steel or plastic materials is permitted. The use of copper containing
materials for other components in contact with the fuel shall be minimised and no zinc or
alloy materials containing more than 5% zinc or cadmium shall be used.
No flow in the process line shall exceed maximum 7 m/s.
Grade marking: All units must be marked in accordance with API requirements.
Design Criteria











Norwegian Maritime Directorate (NMD).
Norwegian Petroleum Directorate (NPD).
Class requirements shall be followed all vessels (except fixed installations).
Norsok standards
CAP 437
Transportable tanks: DnV 2.7-1 & IMO / IMDG requirements. They shall also conform to
the “dangerous goods Code Type 1 or 2”
Storage and recycle tanks: TBK, ASME VIII and BS5500 Categories I, II, III,
Filter water separators according to API/IP 1581 Specification and qualification
procedures for aviation jet fuel separators, latest edition.
Aviation fuel filter monitors according to API/IP 1583 Specification and qualification
procedures for aviation fuel filter monitors with absorbent type elements, latest edition.
Refuelling hose type C, grade 2, semi-conducting, meeting the latest edition of API 1529
or BS/EN 1361.
Vessel movements, wind and explosion loads must be taken into consideration during
construction of the system.
1
enclosure J to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Helicopter refuelling system
The following subsections describe the scope for these rules and regulations.
Laydown area for transit tanks
Laydown skid
The drip tray shall be sized to hold 100% of the content of one tank.
The laydown skid must be equipped with a 2” or preferably 3” drain connection.
To protect the deluge system/pump unit from damage during tank handling a guide/
buffer frame is recommended welded to the base of the skid.
Transportable tanks should be properly sea-fastened on moving vessels.
A valve shall be mounted on the Jet A-1 outlet point (skid edge).
A convoluted stainless steel suction hose with a 2.5” dry break coupling shall be used to
connect the transit tanks to the pump unit. Other end should be sized to fit the pump unit
inlet flange (ANSI 150lbs).
The base frame shall be bonded from two different locations.
Deluge system
A Deluge system shall be installed according to design criteria.
A calculation report (hydraulic calculation) for the deluge system shall be available upon
the surveyor’s request.
Fire detection: Acc. to class requirements or Oil companies specification.
Transit tanks
Transit tanks shall be constructed to satisfy DnV 2.7-1 & IMO / IMDG requirements. They
shall also conform to the “dangerous goods Code Type 1 or 2”.
Transit tanks shall have a suitable dipstick, preferably of fibreglass material.
Tanks should preferably be of stainless steel or lined with a suitable fuel resistant epoxy
lining.
The tank outlet valve on the tank in operation shall be capable of remote closure from the
helideck (dispenser unit). Operation preferably by pneumatic operated tank valve or
alternatively by remote closure by wire.
In order to allow 4L sample jars to be used, the sample point should be designed with
sufficient access (250mm), space and height to accommodate the standard 4 litre sample
jar. The sample line from tanks shall be minimum 3/4”
The outlet/fill connection shall be flanged with a 3” internal valve terminating to a 2.5”
self-sealing coupler with dust cap. The tank outlet shall be at least 150mm higher than
the lowest point of the tank.
The drain connection shall be equipped with minimum 1.5” internal valve terminating in a
plugged ball valve preferably 1”. The plug shall be installed on the end to prevent the
ingress of dirt and moisture.
The stainless 2.5” emergency pressure/vacuum relief valve should be fitted with
weatherproof anti-flash cowl.
2
enclosure J to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Tanks not in use
Tank shall only be located in defined safe area during settling and transfer to the static
tank. The selected tank shall only be connected during the transfer of Jet A-1.
Tanks installed on the laydown skid
Tanks in use shall have protective deluge system according to class requirements, NMD
or minimum 10 l/m2/min.
Tank in operation shall be bonded by use of the bonding clip.
Static storage tanks
Stationary tanks shall be constructed to suitable standards (eg. ASME VIII and BS5500
Categories I, II, III). The tank shall slope 1 on 30. The sump shall be fitted with a 3/4”
minimum sample line which has both a ball valve and a self closing ball valve at the
sample point.
The outlet should either be by floating suction or from a stack pipe, which extends at least
150mm above the lowest point of the tank. If a floating suction (stainless) is embodied a
bonded wire pull assembly should be fitted to the top of the tank. The suction floating is
strongly recommended, and shall be used when possible.
Make sure the drain point on the stationary tanks on mobile units (e.g. rigs / FPSO’s) are
able to drain the tank sump varying on the vessels movements / position.
Automatic closure valves to the delivery and suction inlet should be capable of operation
from both helideck (dispenser unit) and from another point, which is at a safe distance
from the tank.
The tank shell must be properly bonded.
Each chamber to be equipped with 500mm quick release hinged manhole to allow
physical access.
Dipstick or a sight glass/content gauge to determine the tank content.
A closed circuit sampler connected to the sample point is recommended.
A combined pressure/vacuum relief valve must be installed on each closed chamber of
the tank.
Pumping module
A 60 mesh Y-strainer shall be installed in front of the fuel pumps.
The twin pump unit shall be air driven alternatively electrically, equipped with a positive
displacement vane pump or centrifugal pump with a head and flowrate suited to the
particular installation. For larger helicopter types it might be advisable to use larger
capacity units. The pump unit should be constructed to meet EX zone 1. The pumps shall
be equipped with internal relief valves or alternatively with a common external relief
valve. The relief valve outlet should be routed to the pump suction side.
The pump unit shall be connected to only one tank.
Check valves must be installed on the discharge side of each pump.
An emergency stop valve (for pneumatic driven systems) or emergency stop panel
(electric driven) shall be installed.
3
enclosure J to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Block/ball valves should as a minimum be installed on the pump unit inlet and outlet
flange.
A pressure gauge must be installed on the pump discharge side.
A device for automatic pump stop at a pre set time after start and during emptying the
tank shall be installed on the system.
Filter Water / Separator
A filter water separator according to the API/IP 1581 specification, latest edition, sized to
suit the pump capacity should be installed either in the pump unit or in the dispensing
unit.
The Filter / Water separator shall also be fitted with:

A differential pressure gauge for monitoring the conditions of the elements

An air eliminator which automatically vents any air entering the vessel

A pressure relief valve

A closed circuit sampler connected to the sample point is recommended

A self closing valve on the ½” (minimum) drain connection
Dispensing module
The product/flowmeter
The product/flowmeter must be sized to suit the flow rate and the counter must be
resetable.
Nozzles
Fuel delivery to aircraft must be available both by gravity and pressure refuelling.
Both types of nozzles must be provided with bonding cables and dust caps to prevent the
ingress of water and dirt.
Gravity: The gravity nozzle shall be fitted with minimum a stainless 60 mesh strainer,
and a bonding wire and clip. A separate short length of hose (2-3m) fitted with an adapter
(to fit the pressure nozzle) and with the gravity nozzle attached is recommended
Pressure: The pressure nozzle shall be fitted to the hose end pressure control unit. The
nozzle shall be equipped with a surge controller rated to maximum 35 PSI. The nozzle
must be equipped with a minimum 60 mesh stainless steel cone strainer, bonding wire
and clip
Hose reel & fuel hose
A fire safe/antistatic ball valve shall be installed in front of the hose reel. The 30m 1.5”
delivery hose should be of an approved semi conducting type to API 1529 or BS EN 1361
(BS3158) type C semi conducting. Clamp type couplings must be used at hose
terminations.
Fuel filter monitor
A fuel filter monitor conforming to the API/IP 1583 Specification and qualification
procedures for aviation fuel filter monitors with absorbent type elements, latest edition,
4
enclosure J to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
shall be installed. This unit is designed to absorb any water still present in the fuel and to
cut off the flow of fuel once a certain amount of water has been exceeded.
The fuel filter monitor shall also be equipped with:

A differential pressure gauge for monitoring the conditions of the elements

An air eliminator which automatically vents any air entering the vessel

A pressure relief valve

A closed circuit sampler connected to the sample point

A self closing valve on the ½” (minimum) drain connection
Bonding equipment
A ground indicator, approved for the purpose, shall be installed to restrict the pumps
being operated until the ground indicator has approved the continuity. A spring loaded
bonding cable reel sized for 30m cable and bonding clip shall be installed. A yellow Ex
zone 2 lamp installed outside on top of the dispensing cabinet will indicate when the
helicopter is properly bonded.
Recycle module (not a requirement)
The recycle tank shall have a slope of minimum 1 on 30. The tank shall be equipped with
an inspection hatch in order to clean the tank properly. The tank shall be designed
according to TBK, ASME, BS or other appropriate code. The same rules apply for this
unit as for the pump and dispensing unit. If a pump is included it shall be of a flanged,
positive displacement vane type pump or centrifugal pump.
Revisions
Revisions of this document are done on an ”as necessary basis”. Proposals for revisions
must be forwarded to OLF and the Norwegian Offshore Helicopter Operators for
comments and advice.
5
enclosure K to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Procedure for refuelling helicopter
with rotor running.
Refuelling with passengers onboard is acceptable provided a mutual agreement
between the pilot and the HLO, and shall take into account the demands described in
para. 5.12.6 in addition to standard procedures as described in this enclosure.
HLO
1. Remains in position with a full view of the
helideck. When the Fireguard has connected
the earthing cable and has taken up his
position (beside the HLO) the Fireguard will
assume responsibility for safety on the
helideck.
2. The HLO and the pilot will then go to the
refuelling cabinet and check the fuel sample.
3. Verify that the earthing light is lit, the
counter is set to zero, and that the fuel hose
is connected to the helicopter.
4. On the signal from the Fireguard, the HLO
will push the button to start refuelling.
HELIGUARD
1. Waits until all
passengers have left the
helideck and then pulls out
the fuel hose. When the
Fireguard has connected
the earthing cable, the
heliguard will earth and
connect the fuel hose to the
helicopter and open the
connector valve.
2. Stays in position at
helicopter refuelling point.
FIREGUARD
1. Pulls out earthing
cable and earths
helicopter.
2. Take up position (next
to HLO) in front of the
helicopter with a clear
view of the pilot inside
the helicopter, of the
heliguard and the
refuelling cabinet.
Portable powder
extinguisher must be
available on the helideck.
3. The Fireguard will now
assume responsibility for
safety on the helideck.
4. On the signal from the
pilot the fireguard will
signal to the HLO that
fuelling can commence.
Finishing refuelling
HLO
1. On the signal from the fireguard, the
HLO will stop refuelling from the refuelling
cabinet.
2. The HLO will take a new fuel sample.
This will be checked by the pilot, who will
then sign the fuel log.
3. The HLO will proceed to the helideck;
take up his position next to the Fireguard,
and re-assume responsibility for safety on
the helideck.
4. When the heliguard is ready, the HLO
will signal to the fireguard to start boarding.
HELIGUARD
1. When signalled by the
Fireguard to stop refuelling,
closes the connector valve
on the fuel hose.
2. The fuel hose and
earthing are disconnected
and the hose rolled up on
the drum.
NB! Some helicopters have integrated automatic fuel shut off systems.
FIREGUARD
1. On the signal from the
pilot to stop refuelling, the
Fireguard will immediately
signal to the HLO and the
Heliguard, stop refuelling.
2. Remain in position until
the HLO is in position and
may re-assume responsibility
for safety on the helideck.
3. Disconnect earthing cable
and roll it up on its drum.
enclosure L to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Standard Measuring Equipment
for
Helideck Monitoring System (HMS)
and
Weather Data
rev. 5 (14.06.2007)
(CHC Helikopter Service & Norsk Helikopter)
1
enclosure L to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Contents
1
2
3
4
5
6
Purpose and intentions ............................................................................................................. 3
Definitions ................................................................................................................................... 3
Classification of helidecks ........................................................................................................ 3
Operational Limitations ............................................................................................................. 4
Principles .................................................................................................................................... 4
Accuracy of measurments ........................................................................................................ 4
Maximum Pitch ................................................................................................................... 5
6.1
Maximum Roll ..................................................................................................................... 5
6.2
Maximum Helideck Inclination .......................................................................................... 5
6.3
Vertical Movement (Maximum Heave) .............................................................................. 5
6.4
Heave Period....................................................................................................................... 5
6.5
Max Average Heave Rate................................................................................................... 5
6.6
Traffic light on display ....................................................................................................... 5
6.7
7 Heading of Helideck/Vessel....................................................................................................... 6
8 Weather data ............................................................................................................................... 6
Wind Direction .................................................................................................................... 6
8.1
Wind Speed ......................................................................................................................... 6
8.2
Visibility............................................................................................................................... 6
8.3
Temperature/Dewpoint ...................................................................................................... 6
8.4
Air Pressure ........................................................................................................................ 6
8.5
Cloud ................................................................................................................................... 6
8.6
Logging system .................................................................................................................. 6
8.7
Attatchment 1: Helideck Movement and Weather data display .................................................... 7
9 Attatchment 2: Logistics Information display ......................................................................... 8
10 List of known motion measurement equipment producers ................................................... 9
2
enclosure L to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
1
Purpose and intentions
The purpose of this document is to ensure uniformity of readings/registration of helideck movement
and weather conditions.
This standard is an agreement between Norsk Helikopter AS an CHC Helikopter Service AS and
shall apply to all Moving Helidecks operating on the Norwegian Continental Shelf.
Further intentions are to establish National and International standards based on contents of this
document.
2
Definitions
Moving helidecks:
A helideck mounted on floating units like Vessels, Floating Production Units, Semi Submercible
Rigs, floating Jack Up Rigs and other helidecks shall be considered to be an unstable/moving
landing area if the pitch or roll exceeds 1 degree either side of the vertical and if the vertical
movement of the helideck exceeds 2 metres.
Helideck Inclination:
is the angle between the absolute horizon and the plane of the helideck.
Average heave rate:
is the average speed of the helideck between the top and the bottom of a wave movement curve.
Maximum average heave rate:
is the average heave rate on the one largest wave (peak value) within a 20 minute time frame in
meters pr. Second.
3
Classification of helidecks
There is no official classification method available for this purpose. The classification is
based on the actual floating units size and motion characteristics. The method is based on
experience built over the years in operation between CHC Helikopter Service and Norsk
Helikopter.
The category will be entered on the individual vessel/rig information plate in the North Sea
Airway Manual and the Company Helideck Limitation List (HLL).
Category A:
Large ships (including productions ships) and semi-submersible rigs with measuring- and
monitoring equipment deviating from this standard.
Category A+:
Cat. A with measuring- and monitoring equipment installed, and functional, in accordance
with this standard
Category B:
Small ships (diving vessels and similar) with measuring- and monitoring equipment
deviating from this standard.
3
enclosure L to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Category B+:
Cat. B with measuring- and monitoring equipment installed, and functional, in accordance
with this standard
4
Operational Limitations
Category
A
A+
B
B+
4.1.1.1.1
Landing and planning
Pitch, Roll / Helideck Inclination
Day
Night
±3°
±2°
±3° / 3,5°
±2° / 2,5° (*)
±2°
Not approved
±2° / 2,5°
±1,5° / 2°
Heave rate
Day
1,0 m/s
1,3 m/s
0,5 m/s
1,0 m/s
Night
0,5 m/s
1,0 m/s
Not approved
0,5 m/s
(*) For Semi Submercibiles Category A+ the night limit is ±3° / 3.5°
5
Principles
Basic reference is made to:
 Requirements in BSL D 5-1.8.2.
Reference is also made to:
 Sintef Report 22D114,199-11-09 “FPSO Helideck Motion Criteria”
The measuring equipment shall provide sufficient information to the operator to complete all sections
of the standard Rig Report, provided for by the helicopter operators.
Measuring equipment sensors for helideck movement, wind and weather data shall be located in
optimum positions in order to provide relevant information relating to the helideck.
All information shall be numerically displayed in relevant locations on the vessel or rig for easy
communication with helicopters in flight and the helicopter land base operations. The system shall
facilitate transmittal of electronic data to the helicopter land base operation, witch in turn can
eliminate the need for a separate Rig Report to be submitted.
With the Monitoring System functional, the category will be upgraded from A to A+ or from B to B+
whichever is relevant to the actual vessel/rig.
6
Accuracy of measurments
The monitoring system (sensors and data programs) shall be checked and verified for correctness
on the system field location, strictly in accordance with the manufacturer's procedures. A verification
report showing the correctness of the system shall be provided to both the owner of the installation
and to the helicopter operators, after first installation.
The accuracy of the system shall be checked and verified whenever deemed necessary, but at least
once every 3 years. A verification report shall be issued and distributed as described above, after
each periodic control.
The accuracy of the data produced by Helideck Monitoring System concerning motion shall be: Pitch
/ Roll / Inclination: <± 0.1° RMS (Root Mean Square) in the range 0 to 3,5° and
Heave Rate: < ± 0.1 m/s RMS (Root Mean Square) in the range 0 to 1.3 m/s.
The accuracy concerning the meteorological data shall be in compliance with NORSOK N-002
Collection of Metocean Data and NORSOK C-004 Helicopter deck on offshore installations.
4
enclosure L to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Measuring helideck motion
6.1 Maximum Pitch
The equipment shall be capable of measuring helideck pitch in degrees up and down from zero, with
zero being the absolute horisontal level. It shall be possible to read the historic maximum angles
over the past 20 minutes, direct and, if possible, graphically. The graphical presentation shall cover
20 minutes of data and alternatively 3 hours for trend determination. The graph and the associated
max. value last 20 minutes shall be updated at least at 1 minute intervals. In maritime terms
maximum pitch consists of trim + pitch.
6.2
Maximum Roll
The equipment shall be capable of measuring helideck roll in degrees right/starboard and left/port,
with zero being the absolute horisontal level. It shall be possible to read the historic maximum
angles over the past 20 minutes, direct and, if possible, graphically. In maritime terms maximum roll
consists of list + roll.
6.3 Maximum Helideck Inclination
The equipment shall be capable of measuring the maximum helideck inclination in degrees to the
absolute horizon over the past 20 minutes, direct and, if possible, graphically.
6.4 Vertical Movement (Maximum Heave)
The equipment shall be capable of measuring vertical helideck movement from top to bottom, with
readings in metres. The maximum heave (total vertical movement) of the helideck is the maximum
top to bottom value in one cycle (one movement curve) over the past 20 minutes.
It shall be possible to read the historic maximum value over the past 20 minutes direct and
graphically. The graphical presentation shall cover 20 minutes of data and alternatively 3 hours for
trend determination. The graph and the associated max. value last 20 minutes shall be updated at
least at 1 minute intervals.
6.5 Heave Period
The equipment shall be capable of measuring the time between helideck movement summits in
seconds (i.e. based on a wave curve the measurement starts and ends in the zero up crossing
point). The graphical presentation shall cover 20 minutes of data and alternatively 3 hours for trend
determination. The graph and the associated max. value last 20 minutes shall be updated at least at
1 minute intervals.
6.6 Max Average Heave Rate
The equipment shall be capable of measuring the vertical movement rate of the helideck in metres
per second.
The heave rate measured shall be the mean vertical rate for a movement range from top to bottom
within one cycle over the past 20 minutes. The Maximum Average Heave Rate value is calculated
directly from the Maximum Heave and the associated Heave Period described above in accordance
with the following formula:
Maximum Average Heave rate m/sec = Maximum Heave divided by ½ of the associated Heave
Period.
It shall be possible to read the historic maximum value for the past 20 minutes direct and
graphically. The graphical presentation shall cover 20 minutes of data and alternatively 3 hours for
trend determination. The graph and the associated max. value last 20 minutes shall be updated at
least at 1 minute intervals.
6.7 Traffic light on display
The “traffic light” on the display indicates when one of the parameters above has reached a
threshold. As long as all the measured parameters are within limits it should show a green light, and
when a limit is passed it should show a red light. This function may be coupled to a light
5
enclosure L to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
system on the helideck that shifts between green and red parallell to the traffic light. This is to
enable the flight crew to see the status of the helideck movements from the cockpit on landing and
when parked on the helideck.
7
Heading of Helideck/Vessel
The heading of the helideck and the vessel shall be stated in degrees relative to magnetic North.
8
Weather data
Data for this section may be assessed by the use of other equipment than the HMS system, but
must be of a standard that has a possibility to deliver data to the HMS system (Ref. Chap. 6, Norsok
standards N-002 and C-004.
8.1 Wind Direction
Wind direction shall be stated in degrees relative to magnetic North.
Displayed wind direction shall have the options to show real time wind direction, 2 minute mean
wind direction and 10 minute mean wind direction.
8.2 Wind Speed
Wind speed shall be stated in knots.
Displayed wind shall be configurable to show real time wind, 2 minute mean wind with gusts
exceeding ten knots of the mean wind, and 10 minute mean wind with gusts exceeding 10 knots for
3 sec. or more of the mean 10 minute wind.
8.3 Visibility
Horizontal visibility shall be stated in metres.
8.4 Temperature/Dewpoint
Temperature/dewpoint temperature shall be stated in degrees Centigrade.
8.5 Air Pressure
Air pressure shall be stated in hPa as QNH, meaning; altitude adjusted for for height and
temperature relative to sea level.
8.6 Cloud
Cloud is stated as few/scattered/broken/overcast (few/sct/bkn/ovc) in feet above the ground.
8.7 Logging system
The system should be able to log all data for at least 48 hours. The historic data should be available
by configuring the date and time to the period of interest.
6
enclosure L to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Attatchment 1: Helideck Movement and Weather data display
Data Display layouts shall be approved by the Helicopter Operators. Typical layouts are attached:
7
enclosure L to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
9 Attatchment 2: Logistics Information display
Data Display layouts shall be approved by the Helicopter Operators. Typical layouts are attached:
8
enclosure L to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
10 List of known motion measurement equipment producers
KONGSBERG SEATEX AS
Att. J. Magnus Leirvik
Pirsenteret, N-7462 Trondheim, Norway
Tlf.+47 73545500/Mob. +47 91316103
E-mail: [email protected]
FUGRO OCEANOR
Att: Jon A. Silgjerd
Luramyrvn 29,
N-4313 Sandnes, Norway
Tlf. +47 51 63 43 30 /Mob. (+47) 90 19 53 29
E-mail: [email protected]
MIROS
Att: Sturla Mæhre
Solbråveien 32,
P.O. Box 364, N-1372 ASKER, Norway
Tlf. +47 66987500/Mob. +47 99039379
E-mail: [email protected]
Shore Connection International AS
Blom Maritime AS
Gauselveien 90
N-4032 STAVANGER
Phone: +47 51 70 85 13
Fax: +47 51 70 85 01
E-mail: [email protected]
MARINTECH AUTOMATION AS
Att: Oddbjørn Morlandstø
Hollundsdalen
5430 Bremnes, Norway
Tlf: +47 56 90 92 00
Fax:+ 47 56 90 92 01
E-mail:[email protected]
suppliers 1/1
Att: Jonny Rabben
N-5397 Bekkjarvik
tlf: +47 41 53 60 60
E-mail: [email protected]
www.shoreconnection.no
enclosure M to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
Reporting form ground occurences
Place:
Date:
Time:
Occurrence categories
Operations of the aircraft
Tick off
category
Collision between aircraft and other object on the helideck
Security
Attack on aircraft such as bomb threat or hijacking
Difficulties in handling intoxicated, violent or unmanageable passengers
Discovery of a nonregistered passenger.
Incorrect procedures on the helideck, unintentional persons/passengers on the helideck
Systems
Leakage of hydraulic fluids, fuel, oil or other liquids that can cause a risk of fire or a possibility
of dangerous pollution of the aircraft, it’s systems or equipment, or a danger to persons on
board.
Helideck installation
Helideck blocked by aircraft, vehicle, birds or other objects that could lead to a dangerous or
potentially dangerous situation.
Errors or defects in the markings of infringements or dangers in the helideck safe landing area
that leads to a dangerous situation.
Errors in, considerable functional error in or deficiency on the helideck lighting
Considerable spill of fuel during fuelling
Fuelling of wrong amount of fuel which can seriously influence the aircrafts range,
performance, center of gravity or structural strength
Handling of passengers, luggage and cargo
Considerable pollution of the aircraft, it’s systems and equipment caused by freight, luggage
or cargo
Erroneous loading of passengers, luggage or cargo that may cause a considerable impact on
the aircrafts weight and/or balance
Wrong loading of baggage or cargo (including carry on baggage) that may imply a danger for
the aircraft, it’s equipment or persons on board, or that may obstruct emergency evacuation
Wrong loading of cargo containers or other major cargo units
Carriage of, or attempts to carriage of dangerous goods not in accordance with rules and
regulations, including wrong markings or package of dangerous goods
Ground handling and service on the aircraft
Filling of wrong type fuel or other important fluids (including oxygen and drinking water)
Discovery of open inspection panels/doors, missing fuel cap etc.
Form no: NOR-F-015
1
enclosure M to OLF Helideckmanual rev. 01.09.2011
History of the event
Name:
Occupation:
Instructions:
Fill in form, scan or E-mail to operations centre of the involved helicopteroperator. Report to be
forwarded ASAP and within 72 hours.
Form no: NOR-F-015
2
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