HE HOENIX - Digiland Srl

HE HOENIX - Digiland Srl
THERMIONIC
CULTURE
THE PHOENIX
valve master compressor
OPERATING MANUAL
WARNING
For your personal safety, please read this operating manual and
warning thoroughly before using the equipment.
This unit must be installed in such a manner that operator access to
the mains plug is maintained. Where the product is to be rack
mounted, this may be achieved by having access to the
disconnection device for the whole rack.
To reduce the risk of electric shock, it is essential that the unit is
disconnected from the mains supply before removing the cover.
Please also note that the power supply capacitors within this unit can
remain charged even after the mains supply has been disconnected.
It is essential that these capacitors are discharged after the mains
supply has been disconnected and the covers have been removed.
In the event that this unit has been dropped or has suffered an
impact, an electrical safety test must be carried out before
reconnection to the mains supply.
This equipment is not intended for use in explosion hazard
environments. It must be used and stored in studio conditions, such
that the ambient relative humidity does not exceed 80%, nor is the
temperature to be allowed to drop to a level which would cause dew
point to be reached.
Please ensure that adequate ventilation is provided and that the
ventilation slots are not obstructed. When rack mounting this
equipment, a fan may be required to provide sufficient airflow.
©Thermionic Culture Ltd, February 2007
1
CONTENTS
Section
Page
1
Introduction
3
2
Controls & Operation
4
2.1
Output trim
4
2.2
Gain
4
2.3
Attack
4
2.4
Release
4
2.5
Threshold
5
2.6
Bypass
5
2.7
Link
5
2.8
Pre-sets
6
2.9
Meters
6
3
4
Servicing & Maintenance
7
3.1
Valves
7
3.2
Operating voltage / Fuses
7
Specification
©Thermionic Culture Ltd, February 2007
8
2
1
Introduction
The Phoenix is a stereo compressor, which can be used as
a pair of mono compressors. It has a ‘soft knee’ or ‘variable
mu’ characteristic in that the compression ratio increases
with the amount of compression being used. Initial
compression is 1.2:1 increasing to 5:1 at 15dB compression.
The Phoenix is being updated continually and this unit is the
Master version (suffix M) with higher stability and faster
release than earlier models.
The Master Phoenix is easier to recall as it has a mixture of
indented and switched controls and the screwdriver
adjustment on the chassis behind the meters controls the
current through the valves on this unit, so this corrects to
some extent for valve ageing. A screwdriver is supplied with
the Master Phoenix and should be used periodically to adjust
the meters to zero (see section 2.8).
©Thermionic Culture Ltd, February 2007
3
2
Controls & operation
2.1
Output Trim Control
This control is used to trim the output levels when
compressing a stereo mix. Its function occurs after the
electronics and therefore reduces the maximum output
level (MOL) and noise.
The Master Phoenix is calibrated for line level
(+4dBV), so that input and output are identical when
not compressing.
The gain is calibrated to feed into 10kΩ. If it is feeding
a lower impedance, the Output Trim may need to be
adjusted to a higher level for equal in/out.
2.2
Gain Control
Factory set for 0dB gain when Output Trim is also 0dB
(see above). This will need to be set to a higher level
as compression kicks in.
2.3
Attack Control
The attack control varies the rate at which the
compressor starts to react. Attack rates of 4ms at
position 1 to 120ms at position 6 are available. Usually
set at 1 (fastest), 2 or 3.
Slow attack rates make the compressor less efficient,
but can be effective for persussive tracks.
2.4
Release Control
©Thermionic Culture Ltd, February 2007
4
The release control varies the rate at which the
compressor ‘lets go’ of the input signal. Release
changes from 40ms (position 1) to 2.2s (position 7),
typically. Faster release times can give rise to low
frequency distortion. A typical setting for normal
operation of the release control is 3.
N.B. Attack and release controls are somewhat
interdependent, therefore no precise times are printed
on the front panel to avoid possible confusion.
2.5
Threshold Control
The threshold control is used to adjust the amount of
compression in conjunction with the input level. With
the control in the fully clockwise position, there will be
no compression. Turning the control anti-clockwise
increases the amount of compression.
2.6
Bypass
This control totally bypasses the compressors, by
linking the inputs to the outputs.
2.7
Link
Links the two compressors for compressing a stereo
track. The link switch preserves the centre image on a
stereo track. All controls are still in operation when ‘in’,
so ensure that levels of incoming track are equal or
trimmed by the gain control so that ‘centre’ is ‘centre’.
All other controls in the Master Phoenix should be set
so that channel 1 equals channel 2.
©Thermionic Culture Ltd, February 2007
5
2.8
Pre-sets
There are four pre-sets accessible above the
compressor chassis. The two just behind the front
panel controls are to adjust for minimum low
frequency distortion. They are set up with an
oscilloscope for minimum distortion and phase shift at
40Hz. These pre-sets should not be adjusted, unless
the valves are changed.
The two pre-sets behind the meters are used to
adjust the zero points of the meters. They can be
adjusted with a long thin screwdriver, without
removing the top cover of the compressor. Zero
readings will vary a little with mains voltage and valve
ageing. Both must be the same if compressing a
stereo track.
The small screw on the front of the meter is to adjust
the mechanical zero of the meters. This does not
normally need to be adjusted after leaving the factory,
unless the needle is not horizontal when the unit is
switched off and cold.
There are two further pre-sets under the chassis and
two more wired to the meters. These are factory set
and must not be re-adjusted, except by a qualified
engineer in possession of full service information and
the correct test equipment.
2.9
Meters
The Phoenix can operate much faster than the meters
will read.
The meter scales should be used as a guide. Actual
compression will vary slightly with individual valves
and the meters may not be accurate at high readings.
©Thermionic Culture Ltd, February 2007
6
3
Servicing & Maintenance
3.1
Valves
All valves are selected to ensure that the unit gives
optimum performance. Input valves are always
matched when the unit is calibrated to ensure
consistent performance across both channels.
Although Thermionic Culture Ltd guarantees the
valves for twelve months, they can last for up to
twenty years.
Spares can be obtained in matched pairs from
Thermionic Culture Ltd.
3.2
Operating voltage / Fuses
The Phoenix Valve Compressor is factory set to
operate from a 230V 50/60Hz AC mains supply It can
be set to operate from 115V AC by sliding the voltage
selector switch on the rear panel to the ‘115V’
position.
NOTE: If the mains supply voltage is reduced to 115V,
then the mains fuse MUST be increased to 1.6A in
accordance with the following table:
Operating Voltage
115V
230V
©Thermionic Culture Ltd, February 2007
Fuse Rating
T1.6A 20mm type
T800mA 20mm type
7
4
Specification
Max. o/p level (MOL):
+19dB into 600Ω
+24dB into 10kΩ
Max gain:
30dB.
THD (at no compression):
better than 0.06 % @ 100Hz &
1kHz
Noise, IEC weighted:
better than 100dB below MOL.
Input impedance:
15kΩ.
Frequency response:
<1dB variation over range of
12Hz to 56kHz.
Attack time:
0.004s to 0.12s
Release time:
0.04s to 2.4s
Output impedance:
600Ω
Distortion will increase with compression, typically 0.2% &
0.25% at 1kHz & 100Hz with 8dB compression. Attack and
release controls are somewhat interdependent, for instance
a change of attack setting may affect the release time
slightly. Therefore, no times are given on the front panel.
VALVE COMPLEMENT (2 ea):
Input/Compression:
PCC85 (equiv. 9AQ8)
Output:
ECC81 (equiv. 12AT7, CV4024)
Side chain detector:
EB91
©Thermionic Culture Ltd, February 2007
(equiv. 6AL5, CV4025).
8
Thermionic Culture Ltd., Harlow, Essex, UK
Tel: +44 (0)1279 414770 Fax: +44 (0)1279 412233
©Thermionic Culture Ltd., February 2007. Printed in UK.
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