User Manual

User Manual
User
Manual
Immersive learning
from
© Copyright Qubizm Ltd. 2014
User Manual
Contents
Introduction .................................................................................................................... 3
Task 1: 3x3 ....................................................................................................................... 6
Task 2: ABC 123 ................................................................................................................ 8
Task 3: Odd One Out ...................................................................................................... 10
Task 4: Magic Square ...................................................................................................... 11
Task 5: Quest ................................................................................................................. 12
Task 6: Target Countdown .............................................................................................. 14
Task 7: Fraction Action.................................................................................................... 16
Task 8: The Great Wall .................................................................................................... 17
Task 9: Izak9................................................................................................................... 18
Finishing off: Evaluation & Feedback ............................................................................... 20
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Introduction
This manual is for teachers to use in support of the animated e-learning
material available on the website, providing an overview and some additional
information.
The manual can be accessed on a computer, tablet or mobile device and is
ideally used by teacher while the pupils are working on the cycle of Izak9
tasks.
The ‘introduction’ section of the animated material provides all the instructions
needed on how to make ready to use Izak9 in the classroom and how to split
the class or group into teams.
Content of Tasks
The Izak9 tasks are designed to allow pupils to interact with each other,
to share and discuss their thought processes and ideas on how to go
about solving the problems posed by Abacus and Helix. The learning
environment is safe and inclusive, affording equality of learning
opportunity to pupils of all abilities and for those with different preferred
learning styles.
Pupils should ideally work together in mixed ability groups.
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A single Izak9 unit is sufficient for working with focus groups of up to 12 to 15
pupils. For a whole class, the use of two Izak9 units is advised.
There are question banks available for some of the tasks. In some cases
there will be three levels of difficulty to choose from. This gives teachers the
chance to take advantage of the fact that pupils are working together as a
team, by providing them with mental maths challenges that can offer some
‘stretch’. Opportunities for teachers and pupils to generate their own questions
should be taken when they arise.
The teacher can select a different team in turn to type the answer to any of the
computer generated questions onto the whiteboard.
Izak9 is about sharing, positive affirmation and a ‘can do’ attitude. The
nature of the facilitation should reflect this with success being
celebrated at all times.
The only things to stress to the students are:
1. Work together as a team
2. Choose a different member of the team to take the lead on each task
3. Plan; do; review; make sense. Each team should: Plan how they are
going to go about solving the task; Do the task; Review the team effort
and finally stand back and ask does our solution Make Sense?
Format of tasks
For each task pupils will be asked to build a 3 by 3 wall of nine cubes
displaying the answers to each task.
Also, be sure that each team knows to build their wall in such a way that each
group can see the arrangement of every other group’s wall, when they are
finished each task.
This provides opportunities for the sharing of ideas and for whole class
discussion after each task.
Pausing the video material
During the first few tasks Abacus and Helix prompt the teacher and the class
towards appropriate places to pause the video material. As progress is made
through the tasks this becomes more intuitive. The video material can be
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paused, rewound or replayed at any time. The only obvious thing to note is
not to expose the solution to each wall prior to the pupils having completed
the task.
How many tasks at one visit?
It is not essential to complete the entire cycle of Izak9 tasks at one visit. This
will depend on how much time you have or how much time you would like to
spend on particular tasks. It is advisable to always leave time to complete
Task 9 as this completes the cycle of events irrespective of how many tasks
have been completed.
To gain the most from each task teachers can have the pupils:
 build the solution wall to the question posed by Abacus and Helix;
 then attempt the question(s) provided by the e-learning material;
 share their problem solving methods with team members and with the
whole class;
 generate some questions of their own for the pupils;
 encourage the pupils to generate some questions of their own for fellow
team members or even for the other teams.
The above mentioned ideas are only suggestions for use. The content of this
manual is provided as a guideline only. Teachers and pupils will find many
different ways by which they can use Izak9 to make the teaching and learning
of mathematics varied and fun.
If teachers and pupils discover innovative ways of using Izak9, then please
inform us and we will share these with other users via the website
This manual will begin with task 1.
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Task 1: 3 X 3
(If the group is using Izak9 for the first time, use task 1 in demonstration
mode, as suggested in the animated material. If the group has used Izak9
before then you can use task 1 in the same fashion as you would the other
tasks)
This first task helps explain the format for all of the tasks.
The task is to find the multiple of 3 on every cube and build a wall displaying
these in order.
The solution wall is given below.
.
Solution
Discussion
Some groups may have the 6 and the 9 in different places. Use this as a
discussion point.
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Is there a pattern evident on your wall?
Some students may identify:
circle; square; circle; square; circle….
Or
The circles make the shape of an X
Or
The even numbers are in the squares
Or
The squares are ‘multiples of 3 and 6’ and the circles are ‘multiples of 3’.
These are all valid observations making it obvious that the green circle is a 9
and the pink square is a 6. Ask the students to remember this from now on.
Questions
The questions on this task are about teasing out the various methods by
which students use addition and multiplication techniques and to affirm to
them that there are many valid ways to approach these tasks, while also
providing an opportunity to learn from each other and to share.
The examples on the video material begin with product and sum. Some
children may need reminded of the meaning of these terms. If this is the case,
pause the video and begin by introducing mathematical vocabulary – sum,
product, difference, row and column. Be sure to give students an opportunity
to confirm that they know what these words mean, if not use as a discussion
opportunity.
The video poses 3 questions.
Ask for volunteers to explain how they went about answering each question
and be sure to acknowledge every answer positively. Keep going until you
have heard all the possibilities in the room. You will be surprised by some.
Affirm to the pupils the validity of all methods and the merits of sharing these
methods with others.
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We don’t want to do too many examples. At this stage we only want to plant
the seed in the minds of the pupils that there are often a variety of techniques
to solving number operation questions and that there is value in sharing these
approaches with their classmates.
Now that pupils know how Izak9 works, move on to task 2.
Task 2: ABC 123
This task is not mathematical. It is more of a team building challenge, in that it
affords pupils a lot of opportunities for discussion and debate.
The task is to arrange the numbers one to nine in alphabetical order.
Pupils may attempt this task in English, Irish, French, German, Spanish or
Italian. Solutions to all language options are available in the user area.
English language solution
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There are banks of questions available in the user area for use with this task.
The questions are called ‘Eliminator’. Each Eliminator question has 6 parts.
Pupils eliminate one number at a time by removing it from the wall
until they have only four numbers left.
They then use the remaining 4 numbers to answer the final part of the
question.
An example is given at the start of level 1.
The questions are a general mix of mental maths topics.
There are 3 degrees of difficulty to choose from, the last of which is quite
demanding and designed for pupils with considerable ability.
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Task 3: Odd One Out
In this task pupils are asked to identify and construct a wall displaying all the
yellow circles in order. It is up to the pupils themselves to identify them as
being prime numbers. Abacus and Helix can help.
Solution
Discuss the properties of prime numbers.
Question: what is the sum of these nine numbers?
There is an opportunity for discussion on how to best go about answering this
question.
Some pupils will try to add the numbers in order as they meet them, making it
more likely that they will make a mistake.
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Some others will use (2+3+5), (13+17), (11+19), (7+23)
Some may even use (2+3+5), (7+13), (11+19), (17+23)
Answer; 100
There is one bank of questions available in the user area for use with this
task.
Task 4: Magic Square
This is a task in which teamwork really comes to the fore. Pupils are asked to
make a magic square using the numbers one to nine.
If the students run into difficulty, use the tips below. The first tip may be
enough for some groups, some may need both, some may even need you to
help them by putting a number or two in the correct position.
The tips are available on the video material.
Tip 1: It is best to start by thinking about the selection of numbers you have
and which number should occupy the centre. (5)
Tip 2: Try to work out what the total for each row, column and diagonal should
be. To do this find the sum of your selection of numbers and divide this by
how many numbers are in each line of your square. (45/3 = 15)
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One of many possible solutions
(There is also an extension activity available here, if you want to spend a little
more time on this exercise, whereby pupils can work out how many possible
solutions exist for this question.)
Task 5: Quest
For this task pupils will be shown a randomly generated wall of equations.
Pupils are then asked to make a matching wall of answers to these equations.
(by finding the value of x in each equation)
The wall of equations is available in the question section of the user area.
There are 3 levels of difficulty to choose from, examples of which are given
below.
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We tend not to mention the word ‘algebra’ here as pupils often assume a
greater degree of difficulty in the question. If pupils are left to their own
devices they will seek a variety of different methods to solve these problems.
This manual shows an example of a question wall and a solution wall for each
level. The question bank generates a randomized version of these walls for
the pupils.
Example of Level 1 Solution Wall
Example of Level 1 Question Wall
Example of Level 2 Question Wall
Example of Level 2 Solution Wall
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Example of Level 3 Question Wall
Example of Level 3 Solution Wall
Task 6: Target Countdown
For this task pupils will be shown an arrangement of numbers for 3 seconds
only. They will then have just one minute to build a wall identical to the
selection of numbers they have just seen.
To initiate the 3 second display make sure the ‘start quiz’ is at the top of your
screen then when the class is ready, press ‘start quiz’.
To display the solution press ‘start quiz’.
Remember the team that works well together, succeeds together.
There are 3 banks of questions available for this task, each on a different topic
and increasing in difficulty level.
Level 1 – Number
Level 2 – Factors and multiples
Level 3 – Averages and range
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Example of Target Wall
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Task 7: Fraction Action
Welcome to task 7.
For task 7 pupils are asked to identify the white face on each cube and
arrange them in order. This is the only time when the content of each group’s
wall is different. This is to provide pupils with the opportunity to discuss
EQUIVALENCE.
Solutions for each wall
Discussion points
Which blocks are the most difficult to place?
Which of the 3 walls do you think is the most difficult to build and why?
This wall provides an excellent opportunity for a general open ended
discussion about equivalence.
A question bank for this task may be added at a later date. Suggestions for
now include:
Which 2 fractions add up to three quarters?
Which 2 fractions add up to three fifths?
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Task 8: The Great Wall
For this penultimate task all the pupils come together and work as one big
team.
They are going to build a giant wall using all 27 cubes, 9 cubes long and 3
cubes high.
The percentages are arranged in order along the bottom, with the pictures
sitting on top of each equivalent % and finally the fractions in the equivalent
position on the top.
Everybody gets the chance to position at least one cube into the wall.
Solution wall
This wall can be used for a further discussion on equivalence if desired and its
successful construction should be viewed as an opportunity to celebrate the
whole group’s success.
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Task 9: Izak9
Now for the final task
Everybody saw Izak9 when we began this cycle of events. It is now time to
rebuild it.
The group can work from memory or if needed, can be shown the cube
rotating on task 9 of the animated material.
The class or group are now working together as one team.
They can go about building Izak9 in whatever way they see fit as long as
everybody gets the chance to place some cubes into the structure.
The teacher will nominate one person to take charge.
Remember Izak9 has to look exactly as it did when the box was opened at the
beginning, as it will have to be ready for the next group to use when this one
is finished.
Some groups may need prompting, but in the main most groups, as desired,
will go about constructing Izak9 in their own way.
Suggested prompts (if needed):
There is a shape you didn’t see on the bottom of the completed Izak9 when it
was unveiled to you at the beginning. This shape is an orange square.
You may be best to work on constructing one vertical side first and look
for all the pieces of that shape.
You may be best building from the bottom up, so find all the pieces of
the orange square first.
The shape on the top is a light blue pentagon, so keep all the pieces of
the light blue pentagon until the end.
Be sure to initiate a celebration when the last few cubes are about to go in.
Encourage pupils to celebrate success by giving themselves a round of
applause and even taking a photograph of the last cube going in.
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The completion of the Izak9 cube represents a significant achievement, not
only with regard to the content of the mathematical tasks that had to be
overcome to get to this point, but it is ultimately a physical representation of
the extent to which this class or group can work together as a TEAM.
Well done to all
Solution
Render of completed cube
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Finishing Off
When finished, as part of the plenary and evaluation process, please take a
few minutes with the pupils and fill in the online survey in the user area.
This survey informs us how pupils are benefitting from the experience of using
Izak9 in the classroom. It also gives you and the pupils the chance to feed into
the agile development process whereby we can keep Izak9 in touch with your
wants and needs.
We will add new tasks and questions according to the nature of the feedback
you give to us via this survey.
Also, we would love to hear any ideas you may have on additional ways of
using Izak9 that you may have discovered while using it with your pupils.
Please share your thoughts and ideas by sending us your comments, photos
or videos to [email protected]
Thank you for using Izak9
We hope you and your pupils had a great time.
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